PX
User Guide
1111 W. 35th Street, Chicago, IL 60609 USA
www.tripplite.com/support
Copyright ©2012 Tripp Lite. All rights reserved.
Legal Notice
Legal Notice
This manual and the software described in it are furnished under license, and may be
used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license. The content of this
manual is provided for informational use only, and is subject to change without
notice. It should not in and of itself be construed as a commitment by Minicom
Advanced Systems Limited, which assumes no responsibility of liability for any errors
or inaccuracies that may appear in this book.
The software that accompanies this manual is licensed for use by the Licensee only,
in strict accordance with the software license agreement, which the Licensee should
read carefully before commencing use of the software. Except as permitted by the
license, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form of by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording, or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of Minicom Advanced Systems
Limited.
ii | PX
About this Document
About this Document
This document provides installation and operation instructions for the PX system,
produced by Minicom Advanced Systems Limited. It is intended for system
administrators and network managers.
Chapters and Their Contents
1
Introduction
Provides an introduction to the document, PX product
Pg. 10
overview, features and benefits of PX, client computer
operating system requirements, technical precautions,
trademarks, and terminology used in the document. It
also describes how to safely handle the device, provide
feedback on the user guide, and WEEE Information for
Minicom Customers and Recyclers.
2
Installation
Lists PX system components, describes the
Pg. 11
functionalities of the PX elements, and provides
instructions for rack mounting the unit and connecting
the system.
3
Configuring the
Provides instructions for logging into the Web
Network
configuration interface, configuring the device ID, IP
Pg. 19
address, and Centralized Management settings,
enabling and configuring SNMP, adding, editing,
removing, and blocking system Users, configuring the
target server, Serial port, security settings, and the
system date and time. It also provides instructions for
installing an SSL certificate, upgrading firmware,
restoring factory settings, and saving changes and
logging out.
4
Conducting a Remote
Describes how to start a remote session, set the
Session
session profile, full screen mode, view system
Pg. 37
information, adjust video settings, power manage
target servers, manage keyboard sequences,
synchronize mouse pointers, switch to a different
server or device, and disconnect the remote session.
5
Troubleshooting
Describes how to enter Safe mode, restore factory
Pg. 60
defaults, and restore device firmware.
6
Technical
Lists and describes PX specifications.
Pg. 61
Lists video resolutions and refresh rates.
Pg. 61
Specifications
7
Video Resolution and
Refresh Rates
User Guide | iii
About this Document
Style Conventions
Convention
Used for
Verdana
Regular text.
Arial Bold
Names of menus, commands, buttons, and other elements of the user interface.
Arial Italics
Special terms, the first time they appear.
Monospace
Text entered by the user.
Notes, which offer an additional explanation or a hint on how to overcome a
common problem.
Warnings, which indicate potentially damaging user operations and explain
how to avoid them.
iv | PX
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
LEGAL NOTICE ........................................................................................... II
ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT ...........................................................................III
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................. V
TABLE OF FIGURES .................................................................................VIII
1
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 10
1.1
PRODUCT OVERVIEW ...........................................................................10
1.1.1 Features and Benefits ............................................................10
2
1.2
TERMINOLOGY ...................................................................................10
1.3
CLIENT COMPUTER OPERATING SYSTEM .....................................................11
1.4
TECHNICAL PRECAUTIONS......................................................................11
1.5
SAFETY ...........................................................................................11
1.6
TRADEMARKS ....................................................................................11
1.7
WEEE COMPLIANCE ............................................................................11
INSTALLATION ................................................................................... 13
2.1
OVERVIEW .......................................................................................13
2.2
SYSTEM COMPONENTS ..........................................................................13
2.2.1 The PX Unit ..........................................................................13
2.3
MOUNTING THE PX UNIT .......................................................................14
2.3.1 Rack Mounting Safety Considerations ......................................14
2.3.2 Assembling the Bracket .........................................................15
2.3.3 Connecting the Bracket to the PX Unit .....................................16
2.3.4 Connecting the PX Unit to the Rack .........................................16
2.4
CONNECTING THE PX ...........................................................................17
2.4.1 PX LEDs ...............................................................................18
3
CONFIGURING THE NETWORK ............................................................ 19
3.1
BOOT-UP PROCESS .............................................................................19
Assigning Static IP Addresses for a Number of Units .......................................................... 20
3.2
LOGGING ONTO THE WEB CONFIGURATION INTERFACE....................................20
3.2.1 Web Configuration Interface Tabs ...........................................22
3.2.2 Web Configuration Toolbar Buttons .........................................23
3.3
CONFIGURING THE NETWORK SETTINGS .....................................................23
3.3.1 Configuring Device ID Settings ...............................................23
3.3.2 Configuring the Device IP Address...........................................24
3.3.3 Configuring Centralized Management Settings ..........................24
3.4
CONFIGURING NETWORK SNMP SETTINGS .................................................25
User Guide | v
Table of Contents
3.5
CONFIGURING USER SETTINGS ...............................................................25
3.5.1 Adding a User.......................................................................26
3.5.2 Deleting User(s) ...................................................................27
3.5.3 Blocking a User.....................................................................27
3.5.4 Editing User Information ........................................................27
3.6
CONFIGURING THE TARGET SERVER ..........................................................28
3.7
CONFIGURING THE SERIAL PORT SETTINGS .................................................29
3.7.1 Assigning Serial Port .............................................................30
3.8
CONFIGURING THE SECURITY SETTINGS .....................................................30
3.9
CONFIGURING THE SYSTEM DATE AND TIME ................................................31
3.10 PERFORMING ADDITIONAL CONFIGURATION OPERATIONS .................................31
3.10.1 Installing an SSL Certificate ...................................................31
3.10.2 Upgrading Firmware ..............................................................32
3.10.3 Restoring Factory Settings .....................................................33
3.11 RELOADING A PAGE .............................................................................34
3.12 SAVING CHANGES AND LOGGING OUT .......................................................34
4
CONDUCTING A REMOTE SESSION...................................................... 37
4.1
STARTING A REMOTE SESSION ................................................................37
4.1.1 Remote Session Toolbar Buttons.............................................39
4.2
SHARING A REMOTE SESSION .................................................................39
4.2.1 Exclusive Session..................................................................40
4.3
SERVER NAME ...................................................................................40
4.4
DISPLAYING THE TOOLBAR .....................................................................40
4.5
MOUNTING VIRTUAL MEDIA ...................................................................40
4.5.1 Mounting an ISO File .............................................................42
4.5.2 Virtual Media Limitations........................................................42
4.6
SETTING THE SESSION PROFILE ..............................................................43
4.6.1 Full Screen Mode ..................................................................44
4.7
VERIFYING REMOTE PRESENCE SOLUTIONS INFORMATION ................................45
4.8
CHANGING THE VIDEO PERFORMANCE SETTINGS ...........................................45
4.9
ADJUSTING THE VIDEO .........................................................................47
4.9.1 Refreshing the Video Image ...................................................47
4.9.2 Automatically Adjusting the Video Image .................................47
4.9.3 Manually Adjusting Video Settings...........................................48
4.10 POWER MANAGING THE TARGET SERVERS ...................................................49
4.11 MANAGING KEYBOARD SEQUENCES ..........................................................50
4.11.1 Adding a Keyboard Sequence .................................................50
4.11.2 Recording a New Custom Key .................................................52
vi | PX
Table of Contents
4.11.3 Editing a Key Sequence .........................................................52
4.11.4 Deleting Key Sequence(s) ......................................................53
4.12 SYNCHRONIZING MOUSE POINTERS ..........................................................53
4.12.1 Manually Synchronizing the Mouse ..........................................54
Selecting the Mouse Mode .............................................................................................. 55
Relative Mouse Position Mode ......................................................................................... 56
4.12.2 Aligning the Mouse Pointers....................................................58
4.12.3 Calibrating Mouse Pointers .....................................................58
4.13 SWITCHING TO A DIFFERENT SERVER/DEVICE ..............................................58
4.14 DISCONNECTING THE REMOTE SESSION .....................................................59
5
TROUBLESHOOTING............................................................................ 60
5.1
RESTORING FACTORY DEFAULTS ..............................................................60
5.2
BOOTING THE PX UNIT IN SAFE MODE ......................................................60
6
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................. 61
7
VIDEO RESOLUTION AND REFRESH RATES ......................................... 62
User Guide | vii
Table of Figures
Table of Figures
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
1 – PX Unit Top and Left Side Panel .............................................................. 13
2 – PX Unit Right Side Panel......................................................................... 14
3 – PX Rear and Bracket Sections ................................................................. 15
4 – Connecting Bracket Sections................................................................... 16
5 – A Possible Application of the Bracket to the Unit........................................ 16
6 – PX Connections ..................................................................................... 18
7 – Boot-Up Process.................................................................................... 20
8 – Web Page ............................................................................................. 21
9 – Logon Page........................................................................................... 21
10 – Network Configuration – Device Tab ...................................................... 22
11 – SNMP Settings .................................................................................... 25
12 – Users Page ......................................................................................... 26
13 – Add User Page..................................................................................... 26
14 – Delete User Confirmation...................................................................... 27
15 – Edit User Page..................................................................................... 28
16 – Target Server Configuration Page .......................................................... 29
17 – Serial Port Page................................................................................... 29
18 – Security Page...................................................................................... 30
19 – Date and Time Page............................................................................. 31
20 – SSL Certificate Page............................................................................. 32
21 – Device Version Upgrade Page ................................................................ 33
22 – Reboot Confirmation Page .................................................................... 33
23 – Restore Factory Settings Page ............................................................... 34
24 – Device Reboot Confirmation Message ..................................................... 35
25 – Save Succeeded Message ..................................................................... 35
26 – Device Rebooting Progress Box ............................................................. 35
27 – Logon Page after Rebooting .................................................................. 36
28 – Logon Page ......................................................................................... 38
29 – Remote Session Page ........................................................................... 38
30 – Shared Remote Session........................................................................ 40
31 – Virtual Media....................................................................................... 41
32 – Mount ISO Page .................................................................................. 42
33 – Session Profile Dialog Box..................................................................... 44
34 – Remote Presence Solutions Information ................................................. 45
35 – Performance Settings ........................................................................... 46
36 – Video Adjust Progress .......................................................................... 47
37 – Manual Video Adjustments Controls ....................................................... 48
38 – Power Menu ........................................................................................ 49
39 – Special Key Manager ............................................................................ 51
viii | PX
Table of Figures
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Add a Predefined Key Dialog Box ........................................................... 51
Record Macro Box ................................................................................ 52
Delete Key(s) Confirmation Box............................................................. 53
Relative Mouse Settings........................................................................ 54
Absolute Mouse Settings....................................................................... 55
Windows 7 Mouse Properties ................................................................. 56
Mouse Emulation Box ........................................................................... 57
User Guide | ix
Introduction
Product Overview
1 Introduction
Congratulations on adding PX to your remote access tools.
This document provides installation and operation instructions for Minicom’s PX. It is
intended for system administrators and network managers, and assumes that readers
have a general understanding of networks, hardware, and software.
1.1 Product Overview
The PX system extends your KVM (keyboard, video, and mouse) from any computer
or server over TCP/IP via LAN, WAN, or Internet connection. This enables you to
control, monitor, and manage your servers from wherever you are, inside or outside
the organization. PX is a cost-effective hardware solution, for secure, remote KVM
access and control of a computer/server from the BIOS level – independent of the
OS. It is designed to connect to a single computer over TCP/IP communication.
1.1.1 Features and Benefits
PX has the following features and benefits:
 BIOS level control to any server’s brand and model, regardless of the server
condition and network connectivity. Covers the entire spectrum of crash
scenarios.
 Compatible with all major operating systems. Supports many hardware and
software configurations for the remote client and target server computer.
 Web-based control – Browser based control of a target server from any location,
via a secured standard IP connection.
 Multi-user share mode – Allows up to five simultaneous users to share a remote
session.
 Virtual media – Enables mounting virtually any removable mass storage devices
connected to the client computer onto the target server (see Section 4.5).
1.2 Terminology
The following table describes terms used in this guide.
Term
Definition
Target server
The computer/server that is accessed remotely via PX
Client computer
The PC running a remote PX session
10 | PX
Introduction
Client Computer Operating System
Term
Definition
Remote session
The process of accessing and controlling target servers connected to PX from a user
workstation
1.3 Client Computer Operating System
The client computer operating system must be one of the following:
 Windows 2000 or later, with Firefox 3 or Internet Explorer 32-bit 7.0 or later
version
 Linux with Firefox 3; 128-bit encryption support is required
1.4 Technical Precautions
This equipment generates radio frequency energy, and if not installed in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause radio frequency interference.
This equipment complies with Part 15, Subpart J of the FCC rules for a Class A
computing device. This equipment also complies with the Class A limits for radio noise
emission from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulation of the
Canadian Department of Communications. These above rules are designed to provide
reasonable protection against such interference when operating the equipment in a
commercial environment. If operation of this equipment in a residential area causes
radio frequency interference, the user, and not Minicom Advanced Systems Limited,
will be responsible.
Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by Minicom
Advanced Systems Limited could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
1.5 Safety
The device must only be opened by an authorized Minicom technician. Disconnect the
device from the power source and all cables from the device before service operation.
1.6 Trademarks
All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
1.7 WEEE Compliance
This section provides WEEE Information for Minicom Customers and Recyclers.
Under the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive and
implementing regulations, when customers buy new electrical and electronic
equipment from Minicom, they are entitled to:
User Guide | 11
Introduction
WEEE Compliance
 Send old equipment for recycling on a one-for-one, like-for-like basis (this varies
depending on the country)
 Send back the new equipment for recycling when it ultimately becomes waste
Instructions for both customers and recyclers / treatment facilities wishing to obtain
disassembly information are provided in our website www.minicom.com.
12 | PX
Installation
Overview
2 Installation
2.1 Overview
Install the PX system as follows:
1. Remove the PX system from the package, and check that all components are
present and in good working condition.
2. Mount the PX unit in a rack.
3. Make all connections between the hardware and PX.
4. Power on the PX unit.
2.2 System Components
Before installing the PX system, verify that you have all the components on the
following list, as well as any other items required for installation.
The PX system consists of:
 One PX unit
 One USB/Video cable (p/n 5CB00599)
 Rack-mounting brackets and screws
 Optional power adapter, ordered separately
2.2.1 The PX Unit
Figure 1 – PX Unit Top and Left Side Panel
User Guide | 13
Installation
Mounting the PX Unit
USB/Video Port
Figure 2 – PX Unit Right Side Panel
The following table describes the functionality of the elements of the PX panels.
Element
Functionality
RJ45 port
For connecting PX to your PoE enabled network switch via a CAT5 network cable.
LEDs
The two LEDs on either side of the RJ45 connector:
One illuminates green to indicate that the PX is connected to the PoE network switch.
The other illuminates green to indicated that the target server connected to this particular
PX is being accessed.
Power port
For connecting the PX unit to a power adapter, where relevant.
Reset button
Pressing this button reboots the PX USB with the factory default settings.
USB/Video
26-pin port for connecting the PX to the target server via a USB/Video cable.
port
Power LED
Indicates the state of the PX unit: Green indicates that the unit is powered on; Red
indicates that the unit is powered off.
2.3 Mounting the PX Unit
You can connect the PX unit to a server rack, using the supplied rack mounting
brackets.
Mount the PX unit into a rack as follows:
1. Assemble the bracket.
2. Connect the bracket to the PX unit.
3. Connect the bracket to the rack.
2.3.1 Rack Mounting Safety Considerations
When mounting PX onto a rack, avoid the following conditions:
 Elevated operating ambient temperature – The operating ambient temperature of
the rack environment may be greater than the room ambient temperature.
Therefore, take special care when installing the unit in a closed or multi-unit rack
14 | PX
Installation
Mounting the PX Unit
assembly that the environment
nvironment is compatible with the maximum rated ambient
temperature.
 Reduced airflow – Install the equipment in a rack in such a way that the amount of
airflow required for safe operation is not compromised.
 Uneven mechanical loading – Uneven loading can cause
ause damage to the equipment
or personal injury. Mount the equipment in the rack in such a way that a
hazardous condition does not result due to uneven mechanical loading.
 Circuit overloading – When connecting the equipment to the supply circuit, make
sure that the total power of all the components does not exceed the circuit
capabilities. Overloading
verloading of circuits can affect over-current
current protection and supply
wiring,, potentially resulting in fire and shock hazards
hazards.
 Unreliable earthing – Maintain reliable earthing of rack-mounted
mounted equipment. Pay
attention to supply connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit
(for example, use of power strips).
2.3.2 Assembling the Bracket
The PX comes with a versatile bracket composed of two sections.
Figure 3 – PX Rear and Bracket Sections
To assemble the bracket
bracket:
1. Connect the two bracket sections to each other,, using the three long round-headed
round
screws provided.
User Guide | 15
Installation
Mounting the PX Unit
Figure 4 – Connecting Bracket Sections
2.3.3 Connecting the Bracket to the PX Unit
You can connect the bracket to the PX unit at different angles.
To connect the bracket to the PX unit:
1. Connect section 2 of the bracket to the rear of the PX
PX, using the two shorter flatflat
headed screws.
The screws should fit snugly into the indented side of section 2 of the bracket.
Figure 5 illustrates
llustrates a possible application of the bracket.
Figure 5 – A Possible Application of the Bracket to the Unit
2.3.4 Connecting the PX Unit to the Rack
The bracket,, which has been connected to the unit, can be mounted into the rack in
different ways:
 On the left or right side of the rack
 At different horizontal positions on the rack
To install the PX unit into the rack:
1. Connect
onnect the bracket to the rack with scre
screws,
ws, according to the rack manufacturer’s
instructions.
16 | PX
Installation
Connecting the PX
2.4 Connecting the PX
If your network switch supports PoE (Power Over Ethernet), PXs can receive power
via the network cable. Alternatively
Alternatively, PXs can receive power from the optional power
adapter.
To connect the PX:
1. Connect the 26-pin
pin connector of the supplied USB/Video cable to the 26-pin
26
port of
the PX.
2. Connect the USB and Video connectors of the USB/Video cable to the relevant ports
of the target server (s
(see Figure 6). For a connection to a PS/2 type computer, use
the
he PS/2 cable p/n 5CB00611 (ordered separately)
separately), and connect the Keyboard,
Video, and Mouse (KVM) connectors to the KVM ports of the target
arget server.
3. Connect a network cable to the RJ45 port of the PX and to your PoE enabled
network switch.
4. Where relevant, connect the power adapter to the PX power port.
It is recommended to place cables away from fluorescent lights, air
conditioners, and machines that are likely to generate e
electrical
lectrical noise.
User Guide | 17
Installation
Connecting the PX
Figure 6 – PX Connections
2.4.1 PX LEDs
The PX has two green LEDs adjacent to the RJ45 connector. One indicates that the PX
is connected to the PoE network switch, and the other shows that the target server
connected to this particular PX is being accessed.
18 | PX
Configuring the Network
Boot-Up Process
3 Configuring the Network
After the system has been installed and all connections have been made, you must
configure the PX system as follows:
1. Configure PX’s network settings, which includes configuring:
 Device ID settings
 PX’s IP address
 Centralized Management
2. Configure the SNMP settings.
3. Add, edit, remove, and block system Users.
4. Configure the target server settings.
5. Configure the Serial port settings.
6. Configure the security settings.
7. Configure the system date and time.
You can also perform the following additional operations, as required:
1. Install an SSL certificate.
2. Upgrade firmware.
3. Restore factory settings.
3.1 Boot-Up Process
By default, PX boots with an automatically assigned IP address from a DHCP
(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server on the network (see Figure 7 for an
overview of the boot-up process). The DHCP server assigns the PX a valid IP address,
gateway address, and subnet mask.
This automatically assigned IP address can be identified according to the PX MAC
address that appears on the underside of the PX box, next to the device number
(D.N.).
If no DHCP server is found on the network, PX boots with the static IP address:
192.168.0.155.
If a DHCP server later becomes available, the unit picks up the IP settings from
the DHCP server. To keep the static IP address, you can disable DHCP, as
explained in Section 3.3.2 on page 24.
User Guide | 19
Configuring the Network
Logging Onto the Web Configuration Interface
Figure 7 – Boot-Up Process
Assigning Static IP Addresses for a Number of Units
You can connect more than one PX to the same network. If there is no DHCP server,
or you want to use static IP addresses, connect the PX units one at a time and
change the static IP address of each unit before connecting the next unit.
3.2 Logging Onto the Web Configuration
Interface
You can complete the initial setup of the PX system via the Web configuration
interface.
20 | PX
Configuring the Network
Logging Onto the Web Configuration Interface
Only one Administrator at a time can log onto
nto the Web configuration interface. An idle
timeout of 30 minutes terminates the session.
Before logging on the first time, verify that you have the latest Java installed on your
computer. If not, you can download and install Java from:
http://www.java.com/en/download/index.jsp
To log into the Web interface
interface:
1. Open your Web browser (Internet Explorer 7.0
.0 / Firefox 3 or later).
2. Type the PX system IP address https://IP address/, and press Enter.
Enter
The Web page appears.
Figure 8 – Web Page
3. Click Log On.
Java installs. After installation has completed, the log
logon
n page appears.
Figure 9 – Logon Page
4. In User,, type the default Administrator name admin and in Password,
Password type access
(both lower case).
5. In Mode, select Configuration
Configuration.
6. Click Enter.
The Network configuration
onfiguration page appears with the Device tab open.
User Guide | 21
Configuring the Network
Logging Onto the Web Configuration Interface
Figure 10 – Network Configuration – Device Tab
From the Configuration menu, you can configure the network, SNMP, Users,
Switch Configuration, Serial Port, Security, and Date and Time settings. After
making all configuration changes, you must click the
the changes to go into effect.
button in the toolbar for
3.2.1 Web Configuration Interface Tabs
The following table summarizes the Web configuration interface tabs.
Tab
Description
Device
For configuration of the device settings, IP address, and centralized management
SMNP
For configuration of network SNMP settings
Users
For adding, editing, deleting, and blocking system Users
Target Configuration
For configuration of the target settings
22 | PX
Configuring the Network
Configuring the Network Settings
Tab
Description
Serial Port
For configuration of the Serial port settings
Security
For configuration of the security settings
Date & Time
For setting the system date and time
3.2.2 Web Configuration Toolbar Buttons
The following table describes the functionality of the Web configuration toolbar
buttons.
Button
Functionality
Saves the configuration changes
Reloads the device settings into the configuration page parameter settings
Reboots the device
Upgrades the device firmware
Restores the device with factory settings
Installs the SSL certificate onto the device
3.3 Configuring the Network Settings
On the network configuration page (see Figure 10), you can configure the following:
 Device ID
 Device IP address
 Centralized Management
Consult your Network Administrator for the network settings.
3.3.1 Configuring Device ID Settings
You can assign a name to the PX device, and select a TCP port.
The default device name consists of the letter ‘D’ followed by the 6-digit device
number (D.N.), which is printed on the silver label on the underside of the PX box.
If the DHCP server is published in the DNS server, you can connect to the PX system
using the device name, as follows: https://DeviceName.
You can select any TCP port from port # 800 to 65535. When managed by
Centralized Management, the port number can be changed from the management
interface, if needed.
User Guide | 23
Configuring the Network
Configuring the Network Settings
Firewall or router security access list must enable inbound communication
through the selected TCP port and port 443 for the PX’s
’s IP address. (Default
TCP port is 900; default Web interface TCP port is 443.)
For client
lient computer access from a secured LAN, the selected ports should be
open for outbound communication.
To configure Device ID settings
settings:
1. In Device Name, type a name for PX.
2. In TCP Port, type the number of the port (from 800 to 65535)
65535).
3.3.2 Configuring the Device IP Address
When a DHCP server is active on the same network to which PX is connected, the
DHCP can provide automatic IP assignment. However, best practices recommend
using MAC address reservations in the DHCP server to ensure that the IP address of
the PX will not be changed.
Consult your Network Administrator regarding the use of the DHCP
DHCP.
If you have access to the server
server, your configured (or default) PX device name
will appear on the DHCP server’s interface, making it easy to locate.
To configure the device IP address
address, do one of the following:
 Select automatic IP address assignment – Select the Enable DHCP checkbox to
enable
ble a DHCP server that is active on the same network to which PX is
connected, to provide automatic IP assignment
assignment.
 Select manual IP address assignment – Clear the Enable DHCP checkbox to disable
the DHCP, and then type the IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway for
LAN 1,, provided by your Network Administrator
Administrator.
3.3.3 Configuring Centralized Management Settings
Minicom’s Centralized Management IP
IP-based systems ensure secure control of
servers and network devices, and power and user administration in the data center
environment. The Centralized Management systems combine out-of-band KVM via IP
access with modern IT standards and requirements. They are the most
comprehensive remote server maintenance solutions available in the market today.
To configure Centralized
entralized Management settings
settings:
1. Select the Enable Centralized Management checkbox to enable PX to be remotely
managed by a Centralized Management system
system. When managed by Centralized
Management, only Network Configuration is available from the PX configuration
page. All other settings,, such as Device Upgrade, Factory Restore, and SSL
Certificate are disabled and are managed from Centralized Management.
Management
24 | PX
Configuring the Network
Configuring Network SNMP Settings
2. Select the Manager Auto Discovery checkbox to cause the Centralized Management
system to automatically detect the PX unit if they both reside on the same network
segment as the PX.
OR
In Manager IP Address,, type the static
ic IP address of the Centralized Management
Manager.
Although not required, it is recommended to type the Manager IP Address even
if the PX resides on the same network segment as the Centralized Management
Manager.
3.4 Configuring Network SNMP Settings
You can activate SNMP logging to provide support network monitoring. This will cause
the PX to send monitoring events (such as log entries) to the SNMP server.
To enable and configure SNMP logging:
1. From the configuration
guration menu, select SNMP.
The SNMP page opens.
Figure 11 – SNMP Settings
2. Select the Enable Traps checkbox to enable SNMP traps of PX events and operation.
3. In Community, type the name of the SNMP community.
4. In SNMP Manager IP, type the SNMP Server IP address.
3.5 Configuring User Settings
An Administrator can add, edit, remove
remove, and block Users.
There are two levels of user access:
 Administrator – has unrestricted access to all windows and settings, and can
change the name and password of all users
 User – can access and control target servers,
ervers, but cannot use advanced mouse
settings and power cycle
cycle; cannot access the Web configuration interface
User Guide | 25
Configuring the Network
Configuring User Settings
3.5.1 Adding a User
To add a User:
1. From the configuration menu, select Users.
The Users page opens and displays the existing Users.
Figure 12 – Users Page
2. Click the Add button.
The Add User page appears.
Figure 13 – Add User Page
3. Type a User Name and Password
Password. The password must be at least six alphanumeric
characters long and cannot include the user name, even if other characters are
added.
The “special” characters &, <, >, and ” cannot be used for either the user name
or password.
The User Name and Password
assword parameters depend on the security level chosen
(see Section 3.8 on page 30).
4. In Confirm Password,, retype the password.
5. In the Permission dropdown menu
menu, select the permission type: Administrator or
User.
6. Click OK.
26 | PX
Configuring the Network
Configuring User Settings
The User is added to the list of Users.
3.5.2 Deleting User(s)
(s)
You can delete one or multiple Users at a time from the system.
You cannot delete an Administrator who is logged onto the system.
To delete a User:
1. In the Users page (see Figure 12), select User(s)
(s) to delete. Select a group of Users
by selecting the first User in the group, pressing the Shift button, and then
selecting the last User.
2. Click the Delete button
button.
The Delete confirmation page appears.
Figure 14 – Delete User Confirmation
3. Click Yes.
The User(s) are deleted from the system.
3.5.3 Blocking a User
An alternative to deleting a User is blocking a User.
ser. This means that the User’s name
and password is stored, but the User is unable to access the system.
To block a User:
1. In the Add User page (see Figure 13), in the Access parameter, select the Block
checkbox.
3.5.4 Editing User Information
You can change any of the following User parameters: Permission, Access,
Access and
Password.
To edit User information
information:
1. In the Users page (see Figure 12), select a User and click the Edit button.
button
The Edit User
ser page appears, with the User’s information in the parameters.
User Guide | 27
Configuring the Network
Configuring the Target Server
Figure 15 – Edit User Page
2. Change the Permission and/or Access as required.
3. To change the password, c
click
.
The Password parameter opens. In the upper textbox, type the new password; in
the lower textbox, confirm the new password.
You cannot change the password of an Administrator
dministrator who is currently logged on
to the system.
4. Click OK.
The User page opens with the user information changed accordingly
accordingly.
3.6 Configuring the Target Server
For the target server connected to the PX, configure:
 The name of the server – It is recommended to give the server connected to PX a
unique name, so that users accessing the system can easily identify it.
 The number of POCs attached to th
the server, provided that it is configured with
POCs attached to it.
To configure a target server
server:
1. From the configuration menu, select Target.
The Target Configuration page appears.
28 | PX
Configuring
Configuri the Network
Configuring the Serial Port Settings
Number of POCs
P
connected to the
Server
S
Server
name
Figure 16 – Target Server Configuration Page
The following information is displayed for the server:
 The server number
 The server name
 The number of POCs attached to the server, provided that POCs are attached
to the server; otherwise, it displays “0”
2. To change
hange the name of a connected server, highlight the current server name, and
type a new name.
3. If POCs are attached to the server (see Section 3.7.1),
), type the number of POCs
attached to the server.
3.7 Configuring the Serial Port Settings
When you have a Serial device connected to the system
system, you must configure the
Serial Port settings.
To configure the serial port settings
settings:
1. From the configuration menu, select Serial Port.
The Serial Port page appears.
Figure 17 – Serial Port Page
2. Type a Device Name and choose the correct device parameters.
3. Select the Show checkbox to display the Serial device in the list of servers/devices
that can be accessed.
User Guide | 29
Configuring the Network
Configuring the Security Settings
3.7.1 Assigning Serial Port
When a Minicom Serial Remote Power Switch (RPS) or POC is connected to the Serial
port, select RPS or POC, respectively, from the Assign to dropdown list. All other
parameters are then grayed out. See the RPS or POC Installation Guide for further
information on installing
ng and operating the RPS or POC
POC, respectively.
After assigning the Serial Port to POC, go to the Target Configuration page to
type the number of P
POCs attached to each server (see Section 3.6 above).
3.8 Configuring the Security Settings
This section describes how to configure the security features, such as Account
Blocking, Password Policy, and Idle Timeout.
You can choose a standard or high security level of password. The following table
describes both these options.
Standard Security Policy
High Security Policy
At least six characters
At least eight characters; must include at least one digit, one
uppercase letter, and one of the following “special” characters:
characters !, @, #,
$, %, ^, *, (), _, -, +, =, [], ’, :, ;, ?, /, or {}
Must not include the user name
Must not include the user name
To configure the security settings
settings:
1. From the configuration menu, select Security.
The Security page appears.
Figure 18 – Security Page
2. In the Account Blocking section:
30 | PX
Configuring the Network
Configuring the System Date and Time
 In Block after, type
e the number of allowable attempts to log in with a wrong
username or password in a time period specified in attempts within,
within prior to a
forced time lock.
 In Block account,, select for period to block the account for a specified period of
time, or forever for
or a total block
block.
3. Select the High security password policy checkbox to enable the high security
password policy; clear the checkbox for the standard security policy to apply.
4. In Disconnect after,, select the timeout inactivity period after which the user is
disconnected from the system. Select No Timeout to disable timeout.
imeout.
3.9 Configuring the System Date and Time
This section describes how to configure the system date and time.
To configure the date and time
time:
1. From the configuration menu, select Date & Time.
The Date and time page appears.
Figure 19 – Date and Time Page
2. In Date,, type the current date: Day, Month, and Year.
3. In Time,, type the current time: Hour, Minute, and Second.
3.10 Performing Additional Configuration Operations
You can perform the following additional operations on PX:
 Install an SSL certificate
certificate.
 Upgrade firmware.
 Restore factory settings
settings.
3.10.1 Installing an SSL Certificate
You can install an SSL Certificate
Certificate,, to ensure secure transactions between the Web
servers and browsers.
To install an SSL Certificate
Certificate:
1. In the toolbar, select
.
User Guide | 31
Configuring the Network
Performing Additional Configuration Operations
The SSL Certificate page appears.
Figure 20 – SSL Certificate Page
2. In Certificate file,, browse to locate the Cer file.
3. In Private key file, locate the private key file in Microsoft pvk format.
4. In Key password, type
ype the password required to upl
upload
oad the Private Key file.
Each Private Key file is generated with a unique password.
5. Click Install.
The SSL Certificate is installed.
6. Save the changes and restart the system, by clicking the
the
button.
button, and then
3.10.2 Upgrading Firmware
You can upgrade the PX firmware to take advantage of new features.
To upgrade firmware:
1. Download the firmware from Minicom’s website at:
http://www.minicom.com/phandlh.htm.
2. Save the firmware file on the client computer.
3. In the toolbar, select
.
The Device Version Upgrade page appears,, displaying the current firmware
version on the device.
32 | PX
Configuring the Network
Performing Additional Configuration Operations
Figure 21 – Device Version Upgrade Page
4. In Version to upgrade with, browse to locate and upload the firmware file.
5. Verify the current and uploaded version of the firmware.
6. Click Start Upgrade.
The upgrade starts.
7. On upgrade completion, on the toolbar, click
.
A confirmation box appears.
Figure 22 – Reboot Confirmation Page
8. Click Yes.
The unit reboots. After about 30 seconds, the Login page appears.
Depending on the type of firmware upgrade, the following settings may be
erased: User settings, KVM switch settings, mouse and video adjustments, and
RS232 settings. The network settings remain intact. For more information, refer
to the firmware release notes.
3.10.3 Restoring Factory Settings
You can restore the PX unit to its factory settings. This restores the original PX
parameters, resetting all the information added by the administrators, including:
Network settings*, Servers, Switches, Users, and Passwords.
* You have the option to preserve Network settings – as explained in the following
procedure.
User Guide | 33
Configuring the Network
Reloading a Page
Once reset, the data cannot be retrieved.
To restore factory settings
settings:
1. In the toolbar, select
.
The Restore Factory Settings page appears.
Figure 23 – Restore Factory Settings Page
2. To preserve network settings, select the Preserve network settings checkbox.
checkbox
3. Click Restore.
Factory settings are restored
restored.
3.11 Reloading a Page
You can load the parameters on any configuration page with the settings from the PX
device. This is convenient if you have already changed settings on the page, and
want to restore the device
evice settings.
To reload a page:
1. In the Configuration page toolbar, click the
button.
The parameters are populated with the device settings.
3.12 Saving Changes and Logging Out
Once you have completed configuration changes, you must save them.
Changes to the aSSL
SSL Certificate pages require saving and restarting.
Saving the configuration changes after changing the Device page restarts the unit
automatically.
To save changes:
1. In the Configuration page toolbar, click the
34 | PX
button.
Configuring the Network
Saving Changes and Logging Out
If you made changes to the Device page, the system automatically prompts you
to reboot and restart the device, by displaying the following device reboot
confirmation box:
Figure 24 – Device Reboot Confirmation Message
1. Click Yes.
A message box informs that Save has completed.
Figure 25 – Save Succeeded Message
2. Click OK.
Device reboots, and when it completes a Logon page appears.
Figure 26 – Device Rebooting Progress Box
User Guide | 35
Configuring the Network
Saving Changes and Logging Out
Figure 27 – Logon Page after Rebooting
3. Type your User name and Password and click Enter.
The Configuration page opens.
To log off:
1. In the screen toolbar, click the
button.
The Configuration screen is closed, and the session closes.
36 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Starting a Remote Session
4 Conducting a Remote Session
The remote session enables remotely accessing the server connected to PX. Before
starting a remote session, PX must be fully configured.
You can perform the following from the remote session
session:
 Display/hide the toolbar
toolbar.
 Mount Virtual media.
 Set the session profile
profile.
 Display the session in full screen mode
mode.
 Verify Remote Presence Solutions information
information.
 Adjust video settings.
 Power manage the target servers
servers, provided that you have installed POC or RPC.
RPC
 Manage keyboard sequences
sequences.
 Synchronize mouse pointers
pointers.
 Switch
ch to a different server or device
device.
4.1 Starting a Remote Session
On first connection, installl the Minicom certificate and verify that you have the latest
Java installed on your computer. If not, you can download and install Java from:
http://www.java.com/en/download/index.jsp
When using the Firefox browser, install the Minicom Firefox ad
add-on.
The following procedure describes how to log into a remote session from a client
computer.
To log onto
nto a remote session
session:
1. At a client computer, o
open the Web browser (Internet Explorer 7.0
.0 / Firefox 3 or
later).
2. Type the PX system IP address - https://IP address/ and press Enter.
Enter
The Web page appears (see Figure 8).
3. In the Web page, click
lick Log On.
Java installs. After installation has c
completed,
ompleted, the logon page appears.
User Guide | 37
Conducting a Remote Session
Starting a Remote Session
Figure 28 – Logon Page
Leave Mode as Remote Access.
4. In User and Password, type the default Administrator name and password, admin
and access respectively (both lower case).
5. Click Enter.
The screen of the target server or the currently selected server on the KVM switch
that is connected directly to PX, appears with the PX toolbar.
Toolbar
Figure 29 – Remote Session Page
38 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Sharing a Remote Session
4.1.1 Remote Session Toolbar Buttons
The following table describes the functionality of the Remote Session toolbar buttons.
Button
Description
Toggle button for displaying/hiding toolbar.
Session button. Pressing this button opens up a dropdown menu for selecting:
Virtual Media – enables virtual mounting of removable mass storage devices connected to the
client computer onto the Target server
Session Profile – enables configuring remote session profile session
About – displays client, firmware, Switch File, and KME version information
Video button. Pressing this button opens up a dropdown menu for performing:
Refresh – for refreshing the video image
Video Adjust – for automatically adjusting the video image
Advanced – for manually setting video settings
Performance – changing video performance by changing mode and/or bandwidth
Keys button. Pressing this button opens up a dropdown menu with predefined key sequence
names and Special Keys item which enables you to: add a keyboard sequence, record a new
custom key, edit an existing key sequence, and delete a key sequence
Mouse button. Pressing this button opens up a dropdown menu for performing:
Calibrate – calibrates the speeds of the mouse pointers of the target server and client
computer in Win98, NT or 2000
Align – for aligning the local mouse pointer with the remote target server mouse pointer
Mouse Settings – for manually synchronizing the mouse pointers
Server/Serial button. Pressing this button displays the connected servers and serial devices.
You can switch to a different server/device.
Restore button. To toggle Full screen mode on and off.
Logoff button. Closes the current remote session and displays the logon Web page.
4.2 Sharing a Remote Session
Users who want to remotely work on a server at the same time and collaborate their
work, can share a remote session. All users in the remote session can connect to see
the video at the same time and share the Keyboard/Mouse control. Up to five users
can share the same remote session.
When connecting to a target server that other users are already connected to, the
following message appears:
User Guide | 39
Conducting a Remote Session
Server Name
Figure 30 – Shared Remote Session
4.2.1 Exclusive Session
When starting a remote session and there are no other logged in users, a user can
prevent other users from connecting to the session (see Section 4.6, step 4). This
means that the user is the only one who can see the video and control the
Keyboard/Mouse, enabling the user to work on the server without anyone seeing or
interfering in the user’s work.
4.3 Server Name
When the PX is in standalone mode, the server name is always Server1. If the PX is
managed by Centralized Management, the server name is assigned via the
Centralized Management and can be seen in the IE title bar.
You can also see the server by clicking
from the toolbar.
4.4 Displaying the Toolbar
The toolbar appears briefly at the top of the screen (see Figure 29). It disappears
when the mouse is not over it. To make it reappear, glide the mouse over the top of
the screen. To display the toolbar permanently, click the tack icon
on the toolbar.
4.5 Mounting Virtual Media
The Virtual Media option enables you to virtually mount onto the target server,
removable mass storage devices connected to the client computer.
These mass storage devices include:
 Floppy drive
 CD-ROM
 DVD-ROM
 ISO Image of CD\DVD
 USB Flash Drives (Disk on key tokens)
 Miscellaneous USB memory sticks/cards identified by the operating system as
removable mass storage devices
40 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Mounting Virtual Media
To virtually mount devices onto the target server:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Virtual Media.
The Virtual Media window appears. All connected mass storage devices appear in
the Local Drives section
section.
Local Drives
Section
Mounted Drives
Section
Figure 31 – Virtual Media
2. In the Local Drives section, s
select
elect the device to be mounted and click Mount Drive.
The device mounts onto the target server
erver and appears as a removable or CD/DVD
drive of the target server.
erver. It also appears in the Mounted Drives
rives section in the
above figure.. Once mounted, you can use the device during the remote session as
if it is connected to the target server.
User Guide | 41
Conducting a Remote Session
Mounting Virtual Media
4.5.1 Mounting an ISO File
An ISO image (.iso) is a disk image of an ISO 9660 file system, and refers to any
optical disc image, even a UDF image. In addition to the data files in the ISO image,
it also contains all the file system metadata, including boot code, structures,
structures and
attributes. All of this information is contained in a single file. These properties make it
an attractive alternative to physical media for the distribution of software that
requires this additional information
information, as it is simple to retrieve over the Internet.
nternet.
To mount an ISO file:
1. In the Virtual Media page (see Figure 31), click Mount ISO.
The Mount ISO page appears.
Figure 32 – Mount ISO Page
2. Click Browse to locate the ISO file.
The selected ISO filename appears in File to mount.
3. Click OK.
The file is mounted.
4.5.2 Virtual
rtual Media Limitations
As Virtual Media emulates USB 1.1 over a TCP connection, it has a number of
limitations which govern the Virtual Media compatibility and operation:
 Virtual Media emulates USB 1.1. It does not emulate USB 2.0.
 Virtual Media redirects the client’s
s local DVD/CD or removable mass storage
devices to a target
arget server during the open client session only. This means that if
the remote client session disconnects, the mounted drives are
e automatically
dismounted from the target
arget server
server.
 Maximum data transfer speed of the Virtual Media does nott exceed 5.0 Mb/s.
Mb/s
 Only drives identified by the client operating system as Drives
rives with Removable
Storage can be mounted as Virtual Media. Many USB attached hard disks identify
themselves to the operating
perating system as Hard Disk Drives and cannott be used for
Virtual Media mounting.
 Booting from the mounted virtual media drive is possib
possible only if the target
arget server
supports booting from the USB attached storage.
42 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Setting the Session Profile
 Currently, it is not possible to boot a target
arget server from Linux distribution
mounted as Virtual Media
Media.
 Windows CD/DVD or its modifications
modifications, such as Winternals ERD Commander,
WinPE,
E, BartPE, can be used for booting the target
arget server when mounted as Virtual
Media.
 Mounting removable
emovable mass storage devices such as USB flash drives
rives (disk
(
on key
tokens) or miscellaneous USB memory sticks/cards
sticks/cards, removes them from the client
operating system
m and redirect
redirects them with Read/Write access permissions to the
target
arget server to ensure the integrity of the Write operation.
 Connection timeout does not occur during the entire time that Virtual Media
remains mounted.
 PX USB with firmware version 3.0.2.27 or laterr has Virtual Media capabilities.
Older versions of PX USB may not have this capability or may have a limited set
of features.
4.6 Setting the Session Profile
You can set the remote session display features, as follows:
 Select the format of the mouse po
pointer, or hide it
 Hide the toolbar
 Display the session in full screen mode – You can work on the target
arget server as if
you are working on a local computer, using full screen mode. In Full Screen mode,
the desktop window disappears, and is replaced by the accessed target server
desktop.
 Prevent other users from logging into the same session
To set the session profile
profile:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Session Profile.
The Session Profile window appears.
User Guide | 43
Conducting a Remote Session
Setting the Session Profile
Figure 33 – Session Profile Dialog Box
2. In Local Mouse Pointer, select one of the following options to set the appearance of
the client computer mouse pointer:
 None – to hide the mouse pointer
 Dot – for the mouse pointer to appear as a dot
 Default – for the mouse pointer to appear as a regular
regular-shaped
shaped mouse cursor
3. In Auto Connect, select:
 Auto hide – to hide the toolbar from the next connection onwards
 Full Screen – to display the remote session screen in full screen mode from the
next connection onwards. To toggle full screen mode on and off, you can click
the Restore button
(see Section 4.6.1).
4. In Exclusivity, select the Exclusive Session checkbox when
hen starting a remote
session and there are no other logged in users; this prevents other users from
logging into the session.
4.6.1 Full Screen Mode
You can work on the target s
server
erver as if you are working on a local computer, using
full screen mode. In Full Screen mode, the desktop window disappears, and is
replaced by the accessed target server desktop.
To work in full screen mode:
1. Ensure that the client computer
omputer has the same screen resolution as the target
server.
2. On the toolbar, click the Restore button
The desktop window disapp
appears.
44 | PX
.
Conducting a Remote Session
Verifying Remote Presence Solutions Information
To exit full screen mode:
1. On the toolbar, click the Restore button
.
The desktop window appears.
Full screen mode can also be activated from the Session Profile box, see
Section 4.6,, step 3
3.
4.7 Verifying Remote Presence Solution
Solutions
Information
You can verify the client, ffirmware,
irmware, KME (Keyboard/Mouse Emulation firmware), and
Switch file versions installed on your PX. This information can assist system
administrators in troubleshooting and support.
To verify Remote Presence Solutions information:
1. On the toolbar, select
elect
> About.
The information screen appears.
Figure 34 – Remote Presence Solutions Information
4.8 Changing the Video Performance Settings
From the toolbar,, you can alter the video performance settings,, by selecting a
different mode or bandwidth
bandwidth.
The mode can be set to:
User Guide | 45
Conducting a Remote Session
Changing the Video Performance Settings
 Fixed – Enables
nables you to select any bandwidth option. For example, in a LAN
environment, it is best to set the bandwidth setting to High.. For VPN and Internet
environments, you may want to alter the settings to increase responsiveness.
 Adaptive – Automatically
utomatically adapts to the best compression and colors according to
the network conditions.
You can choose to display more colors for more fidelity,, or less colors to reduce the
volume of data transferred through the network
network. Choosing more colors requires more
bandwidth.
The bandwidth can be set to::
 Maximum – For optimal performance when working on a LAN. This gives no
compression and high color (16 bit)
 High – For low compression and high color (16 bit)
 Medium – For medium compression and either high color or 256 colors;
Recommended when using a s
standard Internet connection
 Low – For high compression and 16 colors
To alter the settings:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Performance.
The Performance dialog box appears.
Figure 35 – Performance Settings
2. In Mode, select Fixed or Adaptive
Adaptive.
3. For Fixed mode, in Bandwidth
Bandwidth, select Maximum, High, Medium (high color or 256
colors), or Low.
4. Click OK.
46 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Adjusting the Video
The chosen setting take
takes effect and the screen of the last accessed target server
appears.
4.9 Adjusting the Video
There are three ways to adjust the video image:
 Refreshing the video image
 Automatically adjusting
ting the video image
 Manually changing
hanging advanced video settings
4.9.1 Refreshing the Video Image
The video image may require refreshing when changing the display attrributes of a
target server. Refreshing completely regenerates the video image.
To refresh the video image
image:
1. On the toolbar, select
elect
> Refresh.
The image is refreshed.
4.9.2 Automatically Adjusting the Video Image
The video view may need to be adjusted for each target server or new screen
resolution. In most cases, adjusting the video view using the default video settings
gives the optimal view.
To automatically adjust the video image:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Video Adjust.
The progress of video adjustment is displayed
displayed.
Figure 36 – Video Adjust Progress
The process takes a few
ew seconds. If the process runs more than a few times,
times it is
an indication that there is an abnormal noise level. Check the video
deo cable and
verify that no dynamic
c video application is running on the target server’s
server desktop.
User Guide | 47
Conducting a Remote Session
Adjusting the Video
4.9.3 Manually Adjusting Video Settings
Although automatic adjustment of video generally optimizes the video view, you may
want to fine-tune
tune the results.
You can use the advanced
dvanced video adjustment options
options:
 To fine-tune the target server
erver video settings after auto adjustment
 To adapt
dapt to a noisy environment or a nonstandard VGA signal
 When in full-screen
screen DOS/CLI m
mode
After adjusting the video settings manually, you can always revert to automatically
adjusting the video settings,, as explained in Section 4.9.2.
To manually adjust the video settings
settings:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Advanced.
The manual controls appear
appear.
Figure 37 – Manual Video Adjustments Controls
48 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Power Managing the Target Servers
2. In Brightness and Contrast
Contrast, use the scales to adjust the brightness and contrast of
the displayed image,, respectively
respectively.. Move the sliders to change the displayed image.
Click in the area of the sliders for fine
fine-tuning.
3. In the Offset, Phase and Scale section:
 In H. Offset, select the starting position of each line on the displayed image.
 In V. Offset, select the vertical starting position of the displayed image.
 In Phase, select the point at which each pixel is sampled
sampled.
 In Scale, select the scale resolution of the session image
image.
Adjust Phase and Scale to reduce the noise level to a minimum.
4. In Filter, select the filter of the input video ffrom
rom the server. A higher filter reduces
the noise level but makes the image heavier. Options are: Auto, No Filter,
Filter Low,
Medium, and High.
5. Level displays the Video "noise" level when a static screen is displayed.
6. Click OK.
4.10 Power Managing the Target Servers
When a Minicom Remote Power switch or POC is connected to the Serial port of the
PX unit,, you can power manage the target servers
s via the Power menu.
To power manage the target
arget server
servers:
1. On the toolbar, click
.
The Power menu appears
appears.
Figure 38 – Power Menu
2. Select one of the following options:
 Power Cycle – to send a power cycle to the currently accessed target server,
server
meaning that the target server is first powered down and then powered up
 Power Up – to power up the currently accessed target server
 Power Down – to power down the currently accessed target server
Only the currently accessed target server is affected. Therefore,, to power
manage other target server
servers, you must access each one individually.
User Guide | 49
Conducting a Remote Session
Managing Keyboard Sequences
4.11 Managing Keyboard Sequences
You can select any keyboard sequence (a combination of keys that performs a
specific process) that appears in the dropdown menu of the toolbar button
to
send it to the target server to initiate its associated process. For example, selecting
select
Ctrl-Alt-Del sends this three-key
key sequence to the target server to initiate its
Shutdown/Login process.
When clicked, these key sequences transmit directly to the target server,, and do not
affect the client computer.
This section describes how to
to:
 Add predefined keyboard sequences to the list of keyboard sequences
 Create customized keyboard sequences
 Edit existing keyboard sequences
 Delete existing keyboard sequences
4.11.1 Adding a Keyboard Sequence
You can add
dd predefined keyboard sequences to the list of keyboard sequences that
can be accessed directly from the dropdown list of the toolbar item
To add a keyboard sequence
sequence:
1. On the toolbar, click
> Special Keys.
The Special Key Manager box appears
appears.
50 | PX
.
Conducting a Remote Session
Managing Keyboard Sequences
Figure 39 – Special Key Manager
2. Click the Add Predefined button.
A list of existing sequences appears.
Figure 40 – Add a Predefined Key Dialog Box
3. Select a key sequence and click OK.
The sequence appears in the Special Key Manager box.
User Guide | 51
Conducting a Remote Session
Managing Keyboard Sequences
4. In the Special Key Manager box, click OK.
The sequence appears in the Keyboard Key sequence list
list.
4.11.2 Recording a New Custom Key
This section describes how to define a new keyboard sequence.. After defining the
keyboard sequence, you can add it to the
he list of keyboard sequences that can be
accessed directly from the dropdown list of the toolbar item
(see Section 4.11.1).
To record a keyboard sequence
sequence:
1. In the Special Key Manag
ger box (see Figure 39), click Record New Custom Key.
Key
The Record Macro box ap
ppears.
Figure 41 – Record Macro Box
2. In Label,, type a name for the new key sequence.
3. Click Start Recording.
4. On your keyboard, press
ress the keys to include in the key sequence.
The names of the pressed keys appear in the provided area.
5. Click Stop Recording.
6. Click OK.
The new key sequence is now on the list of predefined key sequences.
4.11.3 Editing a Key Sequence
To edit a predefined keyboard sequence
sequence:
1. In the Special Key Manag
ger box (see Figure 39),, select the desired key sequence
and click Edit.
The Record Macro box ap
ppears (see Figure 41).
). The name of the key sequence to
edit appears in the Label field.
2. Click Start Recording.
52 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Synchronizing Mouse Pointers
3. On your keyboard, press
ress the keys to include in the key sequence.
The
he names of the pressed keys appear in the provided area.
4. Click Stop Recording.
5. Click OK.
The key sequence definition is updat
updated in the system.
4.11.4 Deleting Key Sequence
Sequence(s)
You can delete a single or multiple key sequences from the system.
To delete a keyboard sequence:
1. In the Special Key Man
nager box (see Figure 39),
), select the desired key sequence(s)
sequence
to delete.. Select a group of keys by selecting the first key in the group,
group pressing
the Shift button, and then selecting the last key.
2. Click Delete.
The delete confirmation box appears.
Figure 42 – Delete Key(s) Confirmation Box
4.12 Synchronizing Mouse Pointers
For best mouse performance and superior customer experience, Minicom
recommends that you set certain mouse settings in the target operating system. This
applies to all targets running Windows, such as XP, Windows 7,, Windows Server 2003, and
Windows Server 2008.
When working at the client
lient computer, two mouse pointers appear – one of the client
computer and one of the target server
server;; the former is on top of the latter. The mouse
pointers should be synchronized. The following explains what to do if they are not
synchronized.
Before synchronizing mouse pointers, adjust the video of the target server (see
Section 4.9);
); otherwise, mouse synchronization may not work.
The Align and Calibrate options are available from the Mouse menu,
menu only for
Relative
e Mouse Position mode.
User Guide | 53
Conducting a Remote Session
Synchronizing Mouse Pointers
4.12.1 Manually Synchronizing the Mouse
If the mouse settings on the target server have been changed, or when the operating
system on the target server is Windows XP / 2003 Server / 7 / 2008 Server, Linux,
Novell, SCO UNIX, or SUN Solaris
Solaris, you must synchronize the mouse pointers
manually.
To manually synchronize mouse pointers
pointers:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Mouse Settings.
The Mouse Settings box appears.
For PX PS/2 devices,, the default mode is Relative Mouse Position (see Figure 43);
for PX USB devices, the default mode is Absolute Mouse Position (see Figure 44)
Figure 43 – Relative Mouse Settings
54 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Synchronizing Mouse Pointers
Figure 44 – Absolute Mouse Settings
Selecting the Mouse Mode
On the Mouse Settings page, there are three selectable modes:
 Absolute Mouse Position
 Apple Macintosh Mouse
 Relative Mouse Position
The mouse mode that you can select depends on the type of PX device and on the
target operating system / computer:
 For PX USB devices:
 If the operating system on the Target is Windows ME or later, select Absolute
Mouse Position mode (see Figure 44); this is the default mode for PX USB
devices.
 If the operating system on the target is Windows 98 or Linux, Novell, UNIX or
SUN, select Relative Mouse Position mode.
 If the target is a MAC computer, select Apple Macintosh Mouse mode.
 For PX PS/2 devices: Relative Mouse Position is the only possible mode.
User Guide | 55
Conducting a Remote Session
Synchronizing Mouse Pointers
Relative Mouse Position Mode
Selecting Relative Mouse Position mode enables you to configure mouse settings, set
the USB option (see The USB Option
Option), and advanced settings (see Advanced Mouse
Emulation).
To configure
onfigure settings for the Relative Mouse Position mode
mode:
1. In Operating System,, from the dropdown menu, select the target’s operating
system.
Instructions and sliders app
appear.
2. Follow the instructions and set any relevant sliders to th
the
e same values as set in the
target’s
arget’s Mouse Properties window.
3. Click OK.
The mouse pointers are synchronized
synchronized.
Examples
The following are examples of the instructions for two different target
arget operating
systems. After performing the instructions for the selected operating system, you
should click OK to synchronize the mouse pointers.
1. For Windows 7: Go to the Mouse Properties on the Target and clear the Enhance
pointer precision checkbox.
Figure 45 – Windows 7 Mouse Properties
2. For Windows 2000: If Mouse Properties were ever changed for the target
arget – even if
they have been returned to their original state – clear the Default checkbox
.
56 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Synchronizing Mouse Pointers
The USB Option
You can use the USB option if you have USB to PS2 conversion between PX and the
target server via any of the following:
 USB-to-PS/2 adapter
 Unsupported
nsupported operating systems
 SUN Solaris
Use this option if you are sure of the custom acceleration algorithm you are using, or
have been informed to do so by customer support.
Advanced Mouse Emulation
In the Advanced Mouse settings, you can set the type of mouse that you would like
PX to emulate. It is recommended not to change the advanced settings unless there
is erratic mouse behavior (for example, the mouse is making random clicks and
jumping arbitrarily around the screen).
To set the type of mouse that you want PX to emulate:
1. In the Mouse Settings box (see Figure 44), click Advanced.
The Mouse Emulation box appears.
Figure 46 – Mouse Emulation Box
2. Select the mouse connected to the Local Console port on the PX,, as follows:
 Standard Mouse – iif the local mouse is a non-Microsoft two-butto
on mouse; in
this case, clear the Microsoft Mouse checkbox.
 Wheel Mouse – Microsoft mouse or Microsoft optical mouse
3. In Max Rate,, select the maximum mouse report rate.
For Sun Solaris the
he de
default value is 20 in order to support older Sun versions.
4. Click OK.
User Guide | 57
Conducting a Remote Session
Switching to a Different Server/Device
4.12.2 Aligning the Mouse Pointers
When accessing the target server, the mouse pointers may appear at a distance to
each other, due to the mouse on PX losing sync with the mouse on the host system.
You can align the local mouse pointer with the remote target device’s mouse pointer.
To align the mouse pointers:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Align (or press Ctrl+M).
The mouse pointers align.
n.
4.12.3 Calibrating Mouse Pointers
A target server may have a different mouse pointer speed than the client computer.
Calibrating automatically discovers the mouse speed of the target server and aligns
the two pointers.
You can perform automatic calibration when the target server operating
perating system is
Windows NT4, 2000, or 98.
PX saves this alignment so that calibration is only needed once per target server.
To perform the calibration:
1. On the toolbar, select
> Calibrate.
If the Video Noise
ise Level is above zero, calibration may not work. In this case, go to
Video Adjustment and try to eliminate the noise by automatically adjusting the video
(see Section 4.9.2)) and/or adjusting the bars in manual video adjust (see Section
4.9.3),
), and then performing the mouse calibration.
If the mouse settings on the target server have been changed, you must
synchronize mouse pointers manually, as explained below.
4.13 Switching to a Different Server/Device
In the middle of a remote session, you can switch to a different server or device.
To connect
ect to a different server or device
device:
1. On the toolbar, click
.
A list of connected serverrs/devices appears. There is a checkmark near the
server/device of the remote session.
2. Click the desired server or Serial device.
The screen of the server or Serial device terminal emulation window appears.
58 | PX
Conducting a Remote Session
Disconnecting the Remote Session
4.14 Disconnecting the Remote Session
To disconnect the session
session:
1. On the toolbar, click
.
The Login Web page
e appe
appears. You can re-login or close the browser
ser window.
User Guide | 59
Troubleshooting
Restoring Factory Defaults
5 Troubleshooting
This chapter describes how to
to:
 Restore factory defaults from the P
PX unit
 Boot up in Safe mode (when the password has been forgotten)
5.1 Restoring Factory Defaults
Section 3.10.3 describes how to restore factory settings from the Web interface.
When you cannot access the system (for example, you have forgotten the Username
or Password), you can restore
ore factory defaults from the PX unit in Safe mode.
mode
To restore a PX USB to the factory default settings, the PX USB must be connected to
the PoE switch and a powered on computer.
To restore factory defaults:
1. Press the PX USB’s Reset button (see Figure 4) for a second.
The Power LED blinks once and the PX USB reboots with the factory default
settings.
5.2 Booting the PX Unit in Safe Mode
If you have forgotten the administrator password or need to upgrade the PX, you can
boot the PX in Safe
afe mode and reconfigure the password or upgrade PX
PX.
To boot PX in Safe mode:
1. Disconnect the network cable from the PX USB.
2. Press and hold the Reset button and reconnect the PX USB to the PoE switch.
3. Continue pressing the Reset button for three to five seconds after reconnecting.
4. Release the Reset button.
 If a DHCP server is available, PX USB picks up an IP address from it.
 If there is no DHCP server, PX USB boots with static IP 192.168.2.155.
192.168.2.155
5. Type http://192.168.2.155/config (HTTP
HTTP and not HTTPS), or type the IPaddress
received from the DHCP server
server.
6. Log in with User name admin and Password SAFEmode (case sensitive).
7. Restore PX USB default settings from the Safe
afe mode or perform a firmware
upgrade if PX USB fails to boot with its normal firmware
firmware.
Contact Minicom Technical Support for special firmware for upgrading PX USB
from Safe mode.
60 | PX
Technical Specifications
6 Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
Operating systems
Target server – DOS, Windows, Novell, Linux, or SUN Solaris for PC
Client computer – Windows 2000 or later with Internet Explorer 7.0 /
Firefox 3.0 and later; Linux x86 with Firefox 3.0 and later
Resolution
Host computer – Up to 1600 x 1200 @ 85 Hz
Client computer – Recommended that resolution should be higher than
on local computer
Video and mouse synchronization
Both auto and manual modes
Security
SSL, high grade 256-bit AES encryption
Connections
Ethernet – RJ45 – 10/100 Mbit/sec autosensing
26-pin connector for Video and USB (keyboard, mouse, and virtual
media) cable (and for optional Serial cable)
Product Weight
0.3 kg / 0.66 lbs
Product Dimensions (H x D x W)
33 x 80 x 105 mm / 1.3 x 3.15 x 4.13 in
Shipping Weight
0.7 kg / 1.54 lbs
Shipping Dimensions (H x D x W)
105 x 150 x 230 mm / 4.1 x 5.9 x 9.0 in
Power supply
PoE 4.5W or external power supply 12V, 1000mA
Operating temperature
0°C to 40°C / 32°F to 104°F
Storage temperature
-40°C to 70°C / -40°F to 158°F
Humidity
80% non-condensing relative humidity
User Guide | 61
Video Resolution and Refresh Rates
7 Video Resolution and Refresh Rates
Hz →
56
640x480
60
65
x
66
70
72
x
x
x
720x400
800x600
1024x768
75
76
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
1152x900
x
1280x720
x
1280x768
x
1280x960
x
1280x1024
x
1600x1200
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
86
x
x
x
85
x
x
1152x864
62 | PX
73
x
x
x
x
x
x
User Guide | 63
201204194 • 933205_EN
Open as PDF
Similar pages