Product Guide
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0
COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2011 McAfee, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language in any form or by
any means without the written permission of McAfee, Inc., or its suppliers or affiliate companies.
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McAfee brand products. All other registered and unregistered trademarks herein are the sole property of their respective owners.
LICENSE INFORMATION
License Agreement
NOTICE TO ALL USERS: CAREFULLY READ THE APPROPRIATE LEGAL AGREEMENT CORRESPONDING TO THE LICENSE YOU PURCHASED, WHICH SETS
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PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Contents
Preface
About this guide . . . . . .
Audience . . . . . .
Conventions . . . . .
Finding product documentation
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Introduction to McAfee Agent 4.6
1
About the McAfee Agent
11
McAfee Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
SuperAgent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Agent Handler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Installing, upgrading, and removing the agent
2
Installing the agent
15
System requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Languages supported by the McAfee Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation versus deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When to install from ePolicy Orchestrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When to install using Windows login scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent installation folder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the agent extension and packages into ePolicy Orchestrator . . . . . . . . . .
Agent installation package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating custom agent installation packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent installation command-line options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning values to custom properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running agent command line tools as an administrator on Windows . . . . . . . .
Installing on Windows systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing on Windows from ePolicy Orchestrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing on Windows using third-party deployment methods . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing on Windows manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing on Windows with login scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing using Group Policy Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh operating systems from ePolicy Orchestrator .
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh operating systems manually . . . . . . . .
Installing on Ubuntu operating systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unix-based installation script (install.sh) options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Including the agent on an image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing an agent GUID from the Windows registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to identify duplicate agent GUIDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Correcting duplicate agent GUIDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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Contents
3
Upgrading and restoring agents
39
Upgrading versus updating . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrading agents using a product deployment task . . . .
Upgrading an unmanaged agent on Ubuntu . . . . . . .
Restoring a previous version of the agent on Windows . . .
Restoring a previous version of the agent on UNIX-based and
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Macintosh systems
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Agent-to-server communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent-to-server communication interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent-to-server communication interruption handling . . . . . . . . .
Wake-up calls and tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SuperAgents and broadcast wake-up calls . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SuperAgent caching and communication interruptions . . . . . . . . .
Viewing agent and product properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Responding to policy events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running client tasks immediately . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending manual wake-up calls to individual systems . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending manual wake-up calls to a group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locate inactive agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Queries provided by McAfee Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows system and product properties reported by the agent . . . . . . . .
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Changing agent management modes
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When to change agent management modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the agent mode on Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing from unmanaged to managed mode in Windows . . . . . .
Changing from managed to unmanaged mode in Windows . . . . . .
Changing the agent mode on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems . . . . . .
Changing from unmanaged to managed mode on UNIX-based platforms .
Changing from managed to unmanaged mode on UNIX-based platforms .
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Removing the McAfee Agent
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Removing agents when deleting systems from the System Tree . .
Removing agents when deleting groups from the System Tree . . .
Removing agents from systems in query results . . . . . . . .
Removing the agent from a Windows command prompt . . . . .
Uninstalling from non-Windows operating systems . . . . . . .
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Using the agent
6
Configuring agent policies
53
Agent policy settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Priority event forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting a repository . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the agent user interface and event log language . . . .
Proxy settings for the agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring proxy settings for the agent . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retrieving system properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring selected systems for updating . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
61
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Using the system tray icon . . . . . . . . . . . .
What the system tray icon does . . . . . . .
Making the system tray icon visible . . . . .
Enabling user access to updating functionality .
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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Contents
Running a manual update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enforcing policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating policies and tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending properties to the McAfee ePO server . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending events to the McAfee ePO server on-demand . . . . . . . .
Updates from the managed system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing version numbers and settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent command-line options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Agent activity logs
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About the agent activity logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Viewing the agent activity log from the managed system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Viewing the agent activity log from the McAfee ePO server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Index
79
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
5
Preface
This guide provides the information you need for all phases of product use, from installation to
configuration to troubleshooting.
Contents
About this guide
Finding product documentation
About this guide
This information describes the guide's target audience, the typographical conventions and icons used
in this guide, and how the guide is organized.
Audience
McAfee documentation is carefully researched and written for the target audience.
The information in this guide is intended primarily for:
•
Administrators — People who implement and enforce the company's security program.
•
Users — People who use the computer where the software is running and can access some or all of
its features.
Conventions
This guide uses the following typographical conventions and icons.
Book title or Emphasis Title of a book, chapter, or topic; introduction of a new term; emphasis.
Bold
Text that is strongly emphasized.
User input or Path
Commands and other text that the user types; the path of a folder or program.
Code
A code sample.
User interface
Words in the user interface including options, menus, buttons, and dialog
boxes.
Hypertext blue
A live link to a topic or to a website.
Note: Additional information, like an alternate method of accessing an option.
Tip: Suggestions and recommendations.
Important/Caution: Valuable advice to protect your computer system,
software installation, network, business, or data.
Warning: Critical advice to prevent bodily harm when using a hardware
product.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
7
Preface
Finding product documentation
Finding product documentation
McAfee provides the information you need during each phase of product implementation, from
installation to daily use and troubleshooting. After a product is released, information about the product
is entered into the McAfee online KnowledgeBase.
Task
1
Go to the McAfee Technical Support ServicePortal at http://mysupport.mcafee.com.
2
Under Self Service, access the type of information you need:
To access...
Do this...
User documentation
1 Click Product Documentation.
2 Select a Product, then select a Version.
3 Select a product document.
KnowledgeBase
• Click Search the KnowledgeBase for answers to your product questions.
• Click Browse the KnowledgeBase for articles listed by product and version.
8
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Introduction to McAfee Agent 4.6
Chapter 1
About the McAfee Agent
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
9
1
About the McAfee Agent
The McAfee Agent is the client-side component providing secure communication between ePolicy
Orchestrator and managed products and also serves as an updater for managed and unmanaged
McAfee products.
The McAfee Agent comprises an ePolicy Orchestrator extension and a number of client-side packages
corresponding to the various client operating systems supported by the agent.
The term agent is used in three different contexts within ePolicy Orchestrator:
•
Agent — The basic operating mode for the McAfee Agent providing a communication channel to
ePolicy Orchestrator and local services for other point-products.
•
SuperAgent — An agent also tasked with acting as an intermediary between ePolicy Orchestrator
and other local agents, reducing network traffic between locations.
•
Agent Handler — A server you can install in various network locations to help manage agent
communication, balance load, and update products.
Contents
McAfee Agent
SuperAgent
Agent Handler
McAfee Agent
After being installed on a client system, the agent provides a communication channel from McAfee
managed point-products to an ePolicy Orchestrator server.
In addition, the agent provides local services to these point-products and to products developed by
McAfee Security Innovation Alliance partners.
While enabling products to focus on enforcing their policies, the McAfee Agent delivers services that
include updating, logging, reporting events and properties, task scheduling, communication, policy
storage, and product deployment.
Install the agent on systems you intend to manage with ePolicy Orchestrator. Systems can be
managed by ePolicy Orchestrator only if they have an agent installed.
While running silently in the background, the agent:
•
Gathers information and events from managed systems, and sends them to the McAfee ePO server.
•
Installs products and their upgrades on managed systems.
•
Enforces policies and schedules tasks on managed systems, and sends events back to the McAfee
ePO server.
•
Updates security content such as the DAT files associated with McAfee VirusScan Enterprise.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
11
1
About the McAfee Agent
SuperAgent
SuperAgent
A SuperAgent is an agent that acts as an intermediary between the McAfee ePO server and other
agents in the same network broadcast segment.
In organizations that are distributed across different locations, SuperAgents can be useful in
minimizing network traffic between locations. The SuperAgent caches information received from an
ePolicy Orchestrator server, the Master Repository, or a mirrored Distributed Repository, and
distributes it to the agents in its network subnet. The Lazy Caching feature can reduce network traffic
even further by causing SuperAgents to retrieve data from ePolicy Orchestrator servers only when
requested by a local agent node.
A SuperAgent also broadcasts wake-up calls to other agents located on the same network subnet. The
SuperAgent receives a wake-up call from the ePolicy Orchestrator server, then wakes up the agents in
its subnet. Agents located in a segment with no SuperAgent do not receive the wake-up call. This is an
alternative to sending ordinary agent wake-up calls to each agent in the network or sending agent
wake-up task to each computer, with the advantage that it reduces wide-area network traffic.
Agent Handler
An Agent Handler is a server responsible for managing communication between agents and an ePolicy
Orchestrator server.
Each ePolicy Orchestrator server contains a master Agent Handler. Additional Agent Handlers can be
installed independently of your main McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator server on systems throughout your
network.
Setting up additional Agent handlers can:
12
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Help support an increased number of systems managed by a single, logical ePolicy Orchestrator
server.
•
Provide load-balanced communication with a large number of agents, including geographically
distributed agents.
•
Allow configuration of an alternate agent handler during Agent-to-Server Communication failover.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Installing, upgrading, and
removing the agent
Installing the agent on client systems is required for managing your security
environment through ePolicy Orchestrator.
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
2
3
4
5
Installing the agent
Upgrading and restoring agents
Changing agent management modes
Removing the McAfee Agent
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
13
2
Installing the agent
The agent software can be placed on client systems in various ways. The method you choose depends
on three factors: operating system, first-time installation versus upgrade, and the tools used to install
the software.
This section provides the instructions required to place the agent software on a client system for any
set of circumstances.
Contents
System requirements
Installation versus deployment
Installing the agent extension and packages into ePolicy Orchestrator
Agent installation package
Installing on Windows systems
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Including the agent on an image
System requirements
Make sure your client systems meet the system requirements for McAfee Agent 4.6, including the
operating systems and processors it supports.
System requirements
•
Installed disk space — 29-32 MB, excluding log files
•
Memory — 256 MB RAM
•
Processor speed — 500 MHz minimum
Supported operating systems and processors
Operating systems
Processor
Apple Macintosh OS X Tiger
• Intel
• PowerPC
Apple Macintosh OS X Leopard
• Intel
• PowerPC
Apple Macintosh OS X Snow Leopard
Intel
HP-UX 11i v1 (build 11.11)
HP-UX 11i v2 (build 11.23)
PA-RISC
HP-UX 11i v3
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
15
2
Installing the agent
System requirements
Operating systems
HP-UX 11i v2 (build 11.23)
HP-UX 11i v3
Processor
Itanium
IBM AIX 5.3 (TL6 or later)
Power 5
IBM AIX 6.1
Power 5
Red Hat Linux Enterprise 3
Red Hat Linux Enterprise 4
Red Hat Linux Enterprise 5
x86, x64 or compatible
Red Hat Linux Enterprise 6
Solaris 9; 32- bit or 64-bit
Solaris 10; 64-bit
SPARC
SuSE Linux 8.2
SuSE Enterprise Server/Desktop 9
SuSE Enterprise Server/Desktop 10 w/SP3
SuSE Enterprise Server/Desktop 11 and SP1
CentOS Linux 4.0-4.8
x86, x64 or compatible
CentOS Linux 5.0-5.4
Fedora Core Linux 10, 11, and 12
Ubuntu Linux 8.04, 8.10, 9.04, 9.10, 10.04, 10.10,
and 11.04
Windows 2003 Server (or R2); 32-bit; Enterprise,
Standard, or Web Editions; SP 1 and 2
Windows 2003 Server (or R2); 64-bit; Enterprise,
Standard, or Web Editions; SP 2
• Itanium 2
• Intel Pentium
• Intel Celeron (recommended) or compatible
• x86, x64 or compatible
Windows 7 Home Premium; 32-bit or 64-bit; General
Availability release (GA); includes XP mode
Windows 7 Professional; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA;
includes XP mode
Windows 7 Ultimate; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA; includes XP
mode
Windows Embedded Standard 2009 (Disk-Based)
Windows Embedded POS Ready 2009 (Disk-Based)
Windows Embedded POS (WEPOS)
Windows Vista Home Premium; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA,
SP 1 or 2
Windows Vista Home Basic; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA, SP 1
or 2
Windows Vista Business; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA, SP 1 or
2
Windows Vista Enterprise; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA, SP 1
or 2
Windows Vista Ultimate; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA, SP 1 or
2
16
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
• Intel Pentium
• Intel Celeron (recommended) or compatible
• x86, x64 or compatible
Installing the agent
System requirements
Operating systems
2
Processor
Windows 2008 Server; Standard; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA
or SP 2
Windows 2008 Server Enterprise; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA
or SP 2
Windows 2008 Server Datacenter; 32-bit or 64-bit;
GA or SP 2
Windows 2008 Server, Web; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA or
SP 2
Windows 2008 Server, Core; 32-bit or 64-bit; GA or
SP 2
Windows 2008 R2
Windows XP Embedded; SP2 (Disk-Based)
Windows XP Home Edition; 32-bit or 64-bit; SP2 or 3
Windows XP Professional; 32-bit or 64-bit; SP2 or 3
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition; 32-bit or 64-bit; SP3
The agent supports all Data Execution Prevention modes in Windows operating systems.
McAfee Agent does not support deployment to Windows 2003 Server SP
1 from ePolicy Orchestrator and must be installed locally.
Additional supported platforms
The agent is supported on the following virtualization platforms:
•
Windows 2008 Server Hyper-V
•
ESX
•
Vmware Workstation
•
Vmware player
•
Citrix XenServer
•
Citrix XenDesktop
•
Vmware Server
The agent is supported on the following McAfee security appliances:
•
McAfee Email and Web Security 3100 and 3200 on Intel processor
Languages supported by the McAfee Agent
The agent is localized into multiple languages.
•
Chinese (Simplified)
•
Japanese
•
Chinese (Traditional)
•
Korean
•
Dutch
•
Polish
•
English
•
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•
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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Installing the agent
Installation versus deployment
•
German
•
Spanish
•
Italian
•
Swedish
Using multiple languages in your environment
In many instances, you might need to use more than one language in your environment. Doing so
requires that you take additional steps to ensure that the appropriate character sets for your chosen
languages are supported. McAfee recommends that you follow one or both of the suggestions to
ensure that all characters for each language are properly displayed in the agent monitor:
•
Configure your Operating Systems to use Unicode support for the agent.
•
Install the appropriate language packs on systems that need to display language specific characters.
Installation versus deployment
The terms installation and deployment both describe the process of equipping one or more computers
with the McAfee Agent.
However, there is a difference:
•
Installation means placing the agent on a computer where no agent is present. Administrator
privileges are required to install the agent.
•
Deployment means placing the agent, or managed products and their upgrades, on one or more
computers where an agent is already present.
Installing the agent
This table lists methods for installing the agent, the required actions, and informational notes about
each method.
Method
Action
Notes
ePolicy
Orchestrator
The McAfee ePO administrator
specifies the systems and selects
one of the Push Agents options
when adding a new system, or
Deploy Agents for systems already
in the System Tree.
• Selecting a large number of systems can
temporarily affect network throughput.
The network administrator
installs the agent on each
managed system individually.
• Allows for information such as custom
properties to be added on an individual
system basis.
Manual
• You must specify credentials with
administrator rights to the target systems.
• Once the agent is installed, use ePolicy
Orchestrator to upgrade products and
update product content.
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Installing the agent
Installation versus deployment
Method
Action
Notes
Third-party
software such as
Microsoft Systems
Management
Server (SMS),
Microsoft Group
Policy Objects
(GPO), or IBM
Tivoli,
Configure your third-party
software to distribute the agent
installation package, which is
located on your McAfee ePO
server.
• The agent installation package contains
necessary security keys and the site list.
Login scripts
(Windows only)
The network administrator
• The user must log on to the system to
creates an installation or upgrade
trigger the installation or upgrade.
script, which runs at each logon
to a system.
• The installation package must be in a
location accessible to the system.
• See third-party instructions.
Deploying the agent
The agent can be deployed to client systems in a number of ways. Some involve using versions of the
agent already installed on the client system, but not managed by an ePolicy Orchestrator server.
Method
Action
Notes
Deployment
task
Use the McAfee ePO System Tree to upgrade
the agent on selected target systems.
• An agent must already be present
on the target system.
An image
containing the
agent
(Windows)
The administrator removes the agent GUID
and MAC address from the agent section of
the registry, then creates an image that
contains the agent and deploys the image.
• Removing the GUID and MAC
address allows the agent to
generate a new GUID and MAC
address upon the first
agent-server communication.
• Failure to remove the GUID and
MAC address results in
"sequencing errors" from the
multiple identical systems
Unmanaged
McAfee
products on
Windows
systems
Using the System Tree, the McAfee ePO
administrator selects the systems to be
converted from unmanaged status to
managed status and selects Actions | Agent |
Deploy Agents.
Unmanaged
McAfee
products on
UNIX-based
platforms
Type the following command on the system
• You must have root privileges to
containing the agent you want to convert
perform this action.
from unmanaged to managed status: <agent
install path>/bin/msaconfig -m -d <Path • You must use the srpubkey.bin,
of location containing agentfipsmode,
reqseckey.bin and SiteList
srpubkey.bin , reqseckey.bin and
.xml files from the McAfee ePO
SiteList.xml>
server.
• An agent must already be present
on the target system in
unmanaged mode.
If you are using McAfee ePO server 4.6,
export agentfipsmode file along with the
above mentioned files and rename the
reqseckey.bin and srpubkey.bin to
req2048seckey.bin and sr2048pubkey
.bin respectively.
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Installing the agent
Installation versus deployment
When to install from ePolicy Orchestrator
There are a number of circumstances that should be in place before deploying the agent through
ePolicy Orchestrator.
Installing the agent by deploying it from ePolicy Orchestrator can support many systems
simultaneously. To use this feature to its best effect, certain circumstances must already exist.
•
Systems must already be added to the System Tree.
If you have not yet created the System Tree, you can deploy the agent
installation package to systems at the same time that you add groups
and systems to the System Tree. However, McAfee does not recommend
this procedure if you are importing large domains or Active Directory
containers. These activities generate significant network traffic.
•
The specified account must have local administrator privileges on all target systems. Domain
administrator rights are required on a system to access the default Admin$ shared folder. The
McAfee ePO server service requires access to this shared folder in order to install agents.
•
The McAfee ePO server must be able to communicate with the target systems.
Before beginning a large agent deployment, ping some targets by machine name in each segment
of your network to verify that the server can communicate. If the targeted systems respond to the
ping, ePolicy Orchestrator can reach the segments.
The ability to successfully use ping commands from the McAfee ePO
server to managed systems is not required for the agent to communicate
with the server. It is, however, a useful test to determine if you can
deploy agents to those client systems.
•
The Admin$ share folder on Windows target systems must be accessible from the McAfee ePO
server. Verify that this is true on a sample of target systems. This test also validates your
administrator credentials, because you cannot access remote Admin$ shares without administrator
rights.
From the McAfee ePO server, click Windows Start | Run, then type the path to the target system's Admin
$ share, specifying system name or IP address. For example, type \\<System Name>\Admin$.
If the systems are properly connected over the network, and your credentials have sufficient rights,
and the Admin$ share folder is present, a Windows Explorer dialog box appears.
•
Network access must be enabled on Windows XP Home and Windows 7 Home client systems.
Deploy the agent from ePolicy Orchestrator or install a custom agent installation package on
systems running Windows XP Home.
The push deployment feature can install to many systems simultaneously, but can only install a single
version of the agent at a time. To install to multiple target operating systems or multiple agent
versions, you must complete multiple deployment tasks.
When to install using Windows login scripts
In some network environments, it is most efficient to use network login scripts to install the agent on
Windows systems as they log on to the network.
Using network login scripts is a reliable method to make sure that every system logging on to your
network is running an agent. You can create a login script to call a batch file that checks if the agent is
installed on systems attempting to log on to the network. If no agent is present, the batch file installs
the agent before allowing the system to log on. Within 10 minutes of being installed, the agent calls in
to the server for updated policies and ePolicy Orchestrator tasks, and the system is added to the
System Tree.
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Installing the agent
Installation versus deployment
2
This method is appropriate when:
•
Domain names or sorting filters are assigned to the segments of your System Tree.
•
You already have a managed environment and want to ensure that new systems logging on to the
network become managed as a result.
•
You already have a managed environment and want to ensure that systems are running a current
version of the agent.
Agent installation folder
Installing the agent places files in different locations depending on the operating system.
Operating
system
Windows
Windows Vista,
Windows 2008
Server, and
Windows 7
64-bit
AIX
Location
Contents
<System_Drive>\Program
Files\McAfee\Common
Framework
The folder is the same on both managed systems
and the ePolicy Orchestrator server itself.
<System_Drive>\Program
Files (x86)\McAfee\Common
Framework
The folder is the same on both managed systems
and the ePolicy Orchestrator server itself.
/opt/McAfee/cma/
All binaries, logs, agent working area
/etc/cma.d/
Configuration and management information
(including GUID and agent version) needed to
manage point-products.
/etc/
cma.conf
Configuration and management information in
xml format, allowing point-products to read.
/usr/sbin/
cma
Script for starting and stopping the agent,
manually and when called by the system.
HP-UX
/opt/McAfee/cma/
All binaries, logs, agent working area.
/etc/cma.d/
Configuration and management information
(including GUID and agent version) needed to
manage point-products.
cma.conf
/etc/
Configuration and management information in
xml format, allowing point-products to read.
cma
/sbin/init.d/cma
Script for starting and stopping the agent,
manually and when called by the system.
/opt/McAfee/cma/
All binaries, logs, agent working area.
/etc/cma.d/
Configuration and management information
(including GUID and agent version) needed to
manage point-products.
Linux
cma.conf
/etc/
Configuration and management information in
xml format, allowing point-products to read.
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Installing the agent
Installing the agent extension and packages into ePolicy Orchestrator
Operating
system
Location
Contents
cma
Macintosh
/etc/init.d/
Script for starting and stopping the agent,
manually and when called by the system.
/Library/McAfee/cma
All binaries, logs, agent working area.
/etc/cma.d/
Configuration and management information
(including GUID and agent version) needed to
manage point-products.
cma.conf
/etc/
Configuration and management information in
xml format, allowing point-products to read.
cma
Solaris
/Library/StartupItems/cma/
Script for starting and stopping the agent,
manually and when called by the system.
/opt/McAfee/cma/
All binaries, logs, agent working area.
/etc/cma.d/
Configuration and management information
(including GUID and agent version) needed to
manage point-products.
cma.conf
/etc/
Configuration and management information in
xml format, allowing point-products to read.
cma
/etc/init.d/
Script for starting and stopping the agent,
manually and when called by the system.
Installing the agent extension and packages into ePolicy
Orchestrator
Before the agent can be installed on managed systems, it must be added to ePolicy Orchestrator.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
22
Download the agent extension, ePOAgentMeta.zip, and the agent packages to the system
containing the McAfee ePO server.
The agent comes with different packages for each supported operating system.
Name
Description
MA460AIX.zip
IBM AIX agent package
MA460HPX.zip
HP-UX agent package
MA460LNX.zip
Linux agent package
MA460MAC.zip
Macintosh agent package
MA460SOL.zip
Solaris agent package
MA460WIN.zip
Windows agent package
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Installing the agent
Agent installation package
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3
Name
Description
MA460WIN_Embedded.zip
Windows XP Embedded agent package
help_msa_460.zip
McAfee Agent ePO help extension
EPOAGENTMETA.zip
McAfee Agent ePO extension
2
Install the agent extension:
a
In ePolicy Orchestrator, click Menu | Software | Extensions.
b
Click Install Extensions.
c
Browse to the location containing ePOAgentMeta.zip, select it, then click OK. The Install Extensions
summary page appears.
d
Click OK to complete the installation of the extension.
Check in the appropriate agent packages to the ePolicy Orchestrator repository.
If installing on a computer running Common Management Agent 3.6, the
package must be checked in to the Current repository branch.
a
Click Menu | Software | Master Repository. A list of packages in the repository appears.
b
Click Actions, then select Check In Package from the drop-down menu.
c
Browse to one of the agent packages listed above, select it, then click Next.
d
Ensure that Current is selected in the Branch field, then click Save.
e
Repeat steps a-d for each agent package you need to check in to the repository.
Agent installation package
An agent installation package (FramePkg.exe) is created when you install ePolicy Orchestrator or
check in an agent package.
This file is a customized installation package for agents that report to your server. The package
contains information necessary for the agent to communicate with the server. Specifically, this
package includes:
•
The agent installer
•
SiteList.xml file
•
srpubkey.bin (the server public key)
•
reqseckey.bin (the initial request key)
•
agentfipsmode file
By default, the path of the agent installation package on the server is:
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current\EPOAGENT3000\Install
\0409\FramePkg.exe
This is the installation package that the server uses to distribute and install agents. Other FramePkg
.exe files are created when:
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Installing the agent
Agent installation package
•
You specifically create one within ePolicy Orchestrator
•
Agent packages are checked in to any branch of the repository (Previous, Current, or Evaluation)
•
Encryption key changes
The default agent installation package contains no embedded user credentials. When executed on the
targeted system, the installation uses the account of the currently logged-on user. You can create
custom installation packages containing embedded credentials if required by your environment.
Because an installer package created for this purpose has embedded
credentials, access to it should be severely restricted. Installer packages
with embedded credentials should only be used in very specific situations
where another deployment method is not available. For additional,
important information about the use of embedded credentials, see
McAfee KB65538
Creating custom agent installation packages
Custom installation packages are useful for agent installation tasks performed outside ePolicy
Orchestrator.
If you use a distribution method other than deployment capabilities (such as login scripts or
third-party deployment software), you can create a custom agent installation package (FramePkg.exe
or install.sh). For Windows systems, you can create the package with embedded administrator
credentials. This is necessary in a Windows environment if users do not have local administrator
permissions. The user account credentials you embed are used to install the agent.
Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 and later do not allow embedded
administrator credentials until the package file name has been added to
the exception list of the Windows firewall.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then from the System Tree Actions drop-down menu, select New Systems.
2
Next to How to add systems, select Create and download agent installation package.
3
Select the appropriate operating system.
4
Select or deselect Use Credentials. If selected, type the appropriate Credentials for agent installation,
If you want these credentials to be remembered the next time you complete this task, click
Remember my credentials for future deployments.
5
Click OK.
6
When prompted, select the file to be downloaded. Click to open the file, or right-click to save the file.
7
Distribute the custom installation package file as needed.
Agent installation command-line options
Depending on whether the agent is already installed, you can use command-line options when you run
the agent installation package (FramePkg.exe) or the agent framework installation (FrmInst.exe)
program.
You can employ these command-line options when using the deployment task to upgrade to a new
version of the agent.
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Installing the agent
Agent installation package
This table describes all of the agent installation command-line options. These options are not
case-sensitive, but their values are. Both FramePkg.exe and FrmInst.exe require administrator
privileges, so they must be run from within an administrator command prompt or configured to always
run as administrator.
FramePkg.exe and FrmInst.exe command-line options
Command
Description
/DATADIR
Specifies the folder on the system to store agent data files. The default
location is: <Documents and Settings>\All Users\Application Data
\McAfee\Common Framework. If the operating system does not have a
Documents and Settings folder, the default location is C:\ProgramData
\McAfee\Common Framework.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /DATADIR=<AGENT DATA PATH>
/DOMAIN/ USERNAME/ Specifies a domain, and account credentials used to install the agent. The
PASSWORD
account must have rights to create and start services on the desired system.
If left unspecified, the credentials of the currently logged-on account are
used. If you want to use an account that is local to the desired system, use
the system’s name as the domain.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /DOMAIN=Domain1 /USERNAME=jdoe /
PASSWORD=password
/FORCEINSTALL
Specifies that the existing agent is uninstalled, then the new agent is
installed. Use this option only to change the installation directory or to
downgrade the agent. When using this option, McAfee recommends
specifying a different directory for the new installation (/INSTDIR).
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /FORCEINSTALL /INSTDIR=c:
\newagentdirectory
/INSTALL=AGENT
Installs and enables the agent.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT
/INSTALL=UPDATER
Enables the AutoUpdate 7.0 component if it has already been installed, and
does not change whether the agent is enabled. This command-line option
upgrades the agent. You can use this command to install agent in
unmanaged mode.
Embedded credential package cannot be used to install agent in unmanaged
mode.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=UPDATER
/INSTDIR
Specifies the installation folder on the desired system. You can use Windows
system variables, such as <SYSTEM_DRIVE>. If not specified, the default
location is: <DRIVE>:\program files\mcafee\common framework
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /INSTDIR=C:\ePOAgent
On Windows Vista, Windows 2008 Server and, Windows 7 64-bit client
systems the default location is: <DRIVE>:\program files (x86)\mcafee
\common framework
/REMOVE=AGENT
Removes the agent if not in use. If in use, the agent changes to updater mode.
Example: FRMINST /REMOVE=AGENT
/RESETLANGUAGE
Resets the agent language to its default language.
/SILENT or /S
Installs the agent in silent mode, hiding the installation from the end user.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /SILENT
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Installing the agent
Agent installation package
Command
Description
/SITEINFO
Specifies the folder path to a specific repository list (SiteList.xml) file.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /SITEINFO=C:\TMP\SITELIST.XML
/USELANGUAGE
Specifies the language version of the agent that you want to install. If you
select 0409 or a locale other than the 12 languages with locale IDs, the
software appears in English. If you install multiple language versions, the
locale selected in operating system determines the language version that
displays.
Example: FRAMEPKG /INSTALL=AGENT /USELANGUAGE 0404
If errors occur during installation, all error messages are displayed in English
no matter what /USELANGUAGE parameters are set.
Assigning values to custom properties
You can specify up to four custom properties during installation of the agent at the command line.
These values override values set by the ePolicy Orchestrator administrator.
Custom properties are reported back to the McAfee ePO server and are displayed in the system
properties. These properties can be used to enhance custom reporting on systems or to allow custom
tagging.
The custom properties field does not support use of double quotation
marks (") with in the custom property text. However, you can use the
single quotation mark (') as an alternative. For example:
FrmInst.exe /CustomProps1="Custom Property 'quoted text'
1"
At the command line, type the string that is appropriate for your operating system:
•
Windows operating systems: FrmInst.exe /CustomProps1="Custom Property 1" /
CustomProps2="Property 2" /CustomProps3="Property 3" /CustomProps4="Property 4"
•
•
In Windows, custom property values are stored in the
registry at
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Network Associates\ePolicy
Orchestrator\Agent\CustomProps\
UNIX-based operating systems: msaconfig -CustomProps1 "Property 1" -CustomProps2
"Property 2" -CustomProps3 "Property 3" -CustomProps4 "Property 4"
Custom property values are stored in CustomProps.xml, an editable file
located at /McAfee/cma/scratch/.
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Installing the agent
Installing on Windows systems
Running agent command line tools as an administrator on
Windows
The agent command line tools (frminst.exe and framepkg.exe) require administrator privileges. To
avoid forgetting this, you can configure them to always run with administrator privileges.
Task
1
On the target Windows system, open Windows Explorer and navigate to your McAfee Agent
installation folder.
The agent installation folder defaults to C:\Program Files\McAfee\Common Framework.
2
Right-click on FrmInst.exe and select Properties.
3
On the Compatibility tab, select Run this program as an administrator.
4
Click OK.
5
Repeat these steps for FramePkg.exe.
Installing on Windows systems
If you are operating in a Windows environment, you can install the agent directly from the ePolicy
Orchestrator console.
Alternatively, you can copy the agent installation package onto removable media or into a network
share for manual or login script installation on your Windows systems.
Tasks
•
Installing on Windows from ePolicy Orchestrator on page 27
Installing agents on your Windows systems using ePolicy Orchestrator is a quick way to
modify a number of systems simultaneously.
•
Installing on Windows using third-party deployment methods on page 28
Installing the agent using third-party deployment methods requires an installation package
created for that environment.
•
Installing on Windows manually on page 29
This method is appropriate if your organization requires that software be installed on
systems manually.
•
Installing on Windows with login scripts on page 30
Using Windows login scripts to install the agent can be an efficient way to make sure all
systems in your network have an agent installed.
•
Installing using Group Policy Object on page 31
The agent supports deployment using Window's Group Policy Objects on client systems in
their network. The administrator must copy agent Group Policy Object files and msi to a
shared path (UNC path) accessible to each client system on which you want to install
agent.
Installing on Windows from ePolicy Orchestrator
Installing agents on your Windows systems using ePolicy Orchestrator is a quick way to modify a
number of systems simultaneously.
Before you begin
The agent extension must be installed on the ePolicy Orchestrator server and appropriate
agent and key updater packages must be added to the Master Repository before installing
agent onto a Windows system.
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Installing the agent
Installing on Windows systems
This method is recommended if large segments of your System Tree are already populated. For example,
if you created System Tree segments by importing domains or Active Directory containers, and you chose
not to deploy the agent during the import.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the groups or systems where you want to deploy the
agent.
2
Click Actions | Agent | Deploy Agents.
3
Select the appropriate Agent version drop-down list given the target operating system, and select an
agent version from that list.
You can only install one version of the agent onto one type of operating
system with this task. If you need to install on multiple operating
systems or versions, repeat this task for each additional target operating
system or version.
4
Select these options as appropriate:
•
Install only on systems that do not already have an agent managed by this ePO server
•
Force installation over existing version
If you use the force installation option, the existing agent is removed in
its entirety, including policies, tasks, events, and logs before the new
agent is installed.
5
To change the installation path from the default, enter the target path in the Installation path option.
6
Type valid credentials in the Domain, User name, and Password and Confirm password fields.
If you want these entries to be the default for future deployments, select Remember my credentials for
future deployments.
7
If you do not want the defaults, enter appropriate values into the Number of attempts, Retry interval, and
Abort after options.
8
If you want the deployment to use a specific Agent Handler, select it from the drop-down list. If
not, select All Agent Handlers.
9
Click OK.
The Server Task log page appears with the Deploy McAfee Agent task listed.
Installing on Windows using third-party deployment methods
Installing the agent using third-party deployment methods requires an installation package created for
that environment.
Before you begin
The agent extension must be installed on the ePolicy Orchestrator server and appropriate
agent packages added to the Master Repository before the agent can be installed onto a
Windows system.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Installing the agent
Installing on Windows systems
2
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Create an installation package:
a
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
b
Click System Tree Actions, then select New Systems from the drop-down menu.
c
Select Create and download agent installation package.
d
Deselect Use Credentials.
If deselected, you receive the default package. If selected, you can
specify required credentials.
2
e
Click OK.
f
Select FramePkg.exe and save it to the desktop.
To embed credentials on systems not belonging to a domain, modify the local security policy on the
target systems:
a
Log on to the target system using an account with local administrator permissions.
b
From the command line, run SECPOL.MSC to open the Local Security Settings dialog box.
c
In the System Tree under Security Settings | Local Policies, select User Rights Assignment.
d
In the Policy column of the details pane, double-click Impersonate a client after authentication to open the
Local Security Policy Setting dialog box.
e
Click Add User or Group to open the Select Users or Groups dialog box.
f
Select the user or group that the user is likely to run as (for example, Everyone or Users), then
click Add.
g
Click Add.
You are now ready to use your third-party software to distribute the installation package, FramePkg
.exe.
By default User Access Control is enabled on Windows Vista and above
Operating Systems. The administrator should add permission to the user
or turn-off User Access Control to install agent manually on client systems.
Installing on Windows manually
This method is appropriate if your organization requires that software be installed on systems manually.
You can install the agent on the system, or distribute the FramePkg.exe installer for users to run the
installation program themselves. If you want users (who have local administrator rights) to install the
agent on their own systems, distribute the agent installation package file to them. You can attach it to
an email message, copy it to media, or save it to a shared network folder.
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Installing the agent
Installing on Windows systems
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Copy the agent installation package, FramePkg.exe, from your McAfee ePO server to a shared
folder on a network server accessible by the target system.
2
On the target system, navigate to and right-click FramePkg.exe, select Run as administrator, and wait a
few moments while the agent is installed.
3
Click OK to complete the installation.
Within ten minutes, the agent calls in to the McAfee ePO server for the first time.
4
As needed, bypass the ten-minute interval by forcing the agent to call. Use this command at an
administrator command prompt:
cmdagent /p
Systems on which the McAfee Agent is installed manually are located
initially in the Lost & Found group of the McAfee ePO System Tree.
After the agent is installed, it calls in to the server and adds the new system to the System Tree.
Installing on Windows with login scripts
Using Windows login scripts to install the agent can be an efficient way to make sure all systems in
your network have an agent installed.
Before you begin
•
McAfee recommends first creating segments of your System Tree that use either
network domain names or sorting filters that add the expected systems to the desired
groups. If you don’t, all systems are added to the Lost & Found group, and you must move
them manually.
•
Consult your operating system documentation for writing login scripts. The details of the
login script depend on your needs. This task uses a basic example.
•
Create a batch file (ePO.bat) that contains commands you want to execute on systems
when they log on to the network. The content of the batch file depends on your needs,
but its purpose is to check whether the agent has been installed in the expected location
and, if not, run FramePkg.exe to install the agent. Below is a sample batch file that does
this. This example checks the default installation folder for an agent file and, if not
present, installs the new agent.
IF EXIST “C:\Program Files\McAfee\Common Framework\FRAMEWORKSERVICE.EXE” GOTO
END_BATCH
\\MyServer\Agent\UPDATE$\FRAMEPKG.EXE /INSTALL=AGENT
:END_BATCH
FramePkg.exe requires administrator rights to install properly, so we
recommend the version of FramePkg.exe with embedded credentials.
The installation folders for your distribution might be different than in
this example, depending on where you have specified to install the agent.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Installing the agent
Installing on Windows systems
2
Task
1
Copy the agent installation package, FramePkg.exe, from your McAfee ePO server to a shared
folder on a network server, where all systems have permissions.
•
Systems logging on to the network are automatically directed
to this folder to run the agent installation package and install
the agent. The default location for the agent installation
packages for Windows is: C:\Program Files\McAfee
\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT3000\Install\0409\FramePkg.exe
•
Embedded credential package always runs in silent mode and
doesn't pop out any error message when an installation fails.
2
Save the batch file you created, ePO.bat, to the NETLOGON$ folder of your primary domain
controller (PDC) server. The batch file runs from the PDC every time a system logs on to the network.
3
Add a line to your login script that calls the batch file on your PDC server.
The line would look similar to this example: CALL \\PDC\NETLOGON$\EPO.BAT
Each system runs the script when it logs on to the network and, if necessary, installs the agent.
Installing using Group Policy Object
The agent supports deployment using Window's Group Policy Objects on client systems in their
network. The administrator must copy agent Group Policy Object files and msi to a shared path (UNC
path) accessible to each client system on which you want to install agent.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Download Framepkg.exe from the ePolicy Orchestrator server to a shared folder on a network
server, where all systems have permissions.
2
Execute the following command:
Framepkg.exe /gengpomsi
\<filename>.log
/SiteInfo=<sharedpath>\SiteList.xml /FrmInstLogLoc=<localtempDir>
The following files are extracted to your local drive.
3
•
MFEagent.msi
•
Sitelist.xml
•
srpubkey.bin
•
reqseckey.bin
•
agentfipsmode
•
sr2048pubkey.bin
•
req2048seckey.bin
Copy the extracted files to a shared UNC location specified in siteinfo path.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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2
Installing the agent
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
4
Create a new Group Policy Object.
Refer to Microsoft documentation for instructions.
5
Click Computer Configuration | Policies | Software Settings.
6
Right-click Software installation, then click New | Package.
7
When prompted for a package, browse to the shared UNC path, then select MFEAgent.msi.
8
Select the Deployment Method as Assigned.
McAfee Agent does not support Per-User installations.
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Different agent installation methods are available depending on the operating system running on the
client system.
On HP-UX, AIX, Solaris, and most Linux systems, the agent is installed manually using an installation
script (install.sh) that McAfee ePO creates when you check in the agent to the McAfee ePO Master
Repository and indicate the operating system in use.
Ubuntu Linux client systems have a slightly different manual installation method.
You can download platform specific HP-UX installation files from these locations:
•
For Itanium systems — C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT4000HPUX\Install\0409\installhpia.sh
•
For PA-RISC systems — C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\db\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT4000HPUX\Install\0409\installhppa.sh
The agent can be installed from ePolicy Orchestrator on Macintosh OS X and Red Hat Enterprise Linux
client systems.
Once the agent is in place on client systems, you can run an agent deployment task to schedule
updates to the agent as well as deploy products for management by McAfee ePO.
Contents
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh operating systems from ePolicy Orchestrator
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh operating systems manually
Installing on Ubuntu operating systems
Unix-based installation script (install.sh) options
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh operating systems
from ePolicy Orchestrator
Installing agents on your Macintosh or Red Hat Linux systems is a quick way to modify a number of
systems simultaneously.
Before you begin
The following UNIX-based operating systems support installing the agent from ePolicy
Orchestrator.
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Installing the agent
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
•
Apple Macintosh OS/X versions 10.5 (Leopard) and 10.6 (Snow Leopard)
•
Red Hat Enterprise Linux versions 4 and 5
•
Ubuntu Linux 8.04, 8.10, 9.04, 9.10, 10.04, and 10.10
2
Enable SSH on the Unix-based and Macintosh client systems before installing agent from ePO.
Comment the following line in the /etc/sudoers file on a Red Hat
operating systems.
Default requiretty
The agent extension must be installed on the ePolicy Orchestrator server and appropriate
agent packages added to the Master Repository before the agent can be installed onto a
UNIX-based system.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the groups or systems where you want to deploy the
agent.
2
Click Actions | Agent | Deploy Agents.
3
Select the appropriate Agent version drop-down list given the target operating system, and select an
agent version from that list.
You can only install one version of the agent onto one type of operating
system with this task. If you need to install on multiple operating
systems or versions, repeat this task for each additional target operating
system or version.
4
Select these options as appropriate:
•
Install only on systems that do not already have an agent managed by this ePO server
•
Force installation over existing version
If you use the force installation option, the existing agent is removed in
its entirety, including policies, tasks, events, and logs before the new
agent is installed.
5
To change the installation path from the default, enter the target path in the Installation path option.
6
Type valid credentials in the Domain, User name, and Password and Confirm password fields.
If you want these entries to be the default for future deployments, select Remember my credentials for
future deployments.
7
If you do not want the defaults, enter appropriate values into the Number of attempts, Retry interval, and
Abort after options.
8
If you want the deployment to use a specific Agent Handler, select it from the drop-down list. If
not, select All Agent Handlers.
9
Click OK.
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2
Installing the agent
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh operating systems
manually
The agent must be installed manually on AIX, HP-UX, Solaris, and some Linux systems, and can be
installed manually on Macintosh and other Linux systems.
Before you begin
The agent extension must be installed on the ePolicy Orchestrator server and appropriate
agent packages added to the Master Repository before the agent can be installed onto a
UNIX-based system.
Task
1
Open the repository in ePolicy Orchestrator by selecting Menu | Software | Master Repository. Choose a
repository from the Preset drop-down list.
2
From the selected repository branch, copy the install.sh file to the target systems.
The path includes the name of the selected repository. For example, if checked in to the Current
branch of the McAfee ePO software repository, the path of the required files is:
Operating
System
Location
AIX
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT4000AIXX\Install\0409
HPUX
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT4000HPUX\Install\0409
Linux
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT3700LYNX\Install\0409
Macintosh
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT3700MACX\Install\0409
Solaris
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT3700SLRS\Install\0409
3
Open Terminal, then switch to the location where you copied the install.sh file.
4
Run these commands, giving root credentials when requested:
sudo chmod +x install.sh
sudo ./install.sh -i
Installing on Ubuntu operating systems
There are two ways to install the agent on Ubuntu, in managed or unmanaged mode. You can
download the installer from an ePolicy Orchestrator server or from the local drive on the ePolicy
Orchestrator server.
Tasks
34
•
Installing on managed Ubuntu systems on page 35
The agent can be installed manually or pushed from an ePolicy Orchestrator server on
managed systems running Ubuntu operating system.
•
Installing on unmanaged Ubuntu systems on page 35
The agent can be installed manually or pushed from an ePolicy Orchestrator server on
unmanaged systems running Ubuntu operating system.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
2
Installing the agent
Installing on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Installing on managed Ubuntu systems
The agent can be installed manually or pushed from an ePolicy Orchestrator server on managed
systems running Ubuntu operating system.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Open the repository in ePolicy Orchestrator by selecting Menu | Software | Master Repository. Choose a
repository from the Preset drop-down list.
2
From the selected repository branch, copy the installdeb.sh file to the target systems.
3
Open Terminal, then switch to the location where you copied the installdeb.sh file.
4
Run these commands, giving root credentials when requested:
$chmod +x ./installdeb.sh
$sudo ./installdeb.sh -i
Installing on unmanaged Ubuntu systems
The agent can be installed manually or pushed from an ePolicy Orchestrator server on unmanaged
systems running Ubuntu operating system.
The installers (install.sh and installdeb.sh) and agent package is found at the following location on the
McAfee ePO server:
<epo server install location>\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT3700LYNX\Install\0409
Task
1
Copy the installer to the client system.
2
Open a terminal window on the client system. Navigate to the folder containing the installer.
3
Run these commands, giving root credentials when requested:
dpkg -i MFErt.i686.deb
dpkg -i MFEcma.i686.deb
Unix-based installation script (install.sh) options
Installing the agent on Unix-based and Macintosh systems using the install script (install.sh) supports
the following options.
Table 2-1
Supported install script (install.sh) options
Option Function
AIX HPUX Linux Macintosh Solaris
-b
Upgrades the agent only. The server information is x
not updated
x
x
x
x
-h
Shows help
x
x
x
x
x
-i
Performs a new installation
x
x
x
x
x
-n
Forbids core generation
-u
Upgrades entire install
x
x
x
x
x
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
x
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2
Installing the agent
Including the agent on an image
Including the agent on an image
The agent can be installed on an image that is subsequently deployed to multiple systems. You must
take precautions to make sure the agent functions properly in this scenario.
When you include the McAfee Agent on an image, you must remove its GUID from the registry. This
allows subsequently installed agent images to generate their own GUID at their first agent-server
communication.
Tasks
•
Removing an agent GUID from the Windows registry on page 36
When installing an agent on an image, you must remove its GUID from the registry to
avoid duplicating GUIDs in the future.
•
Correcting duplicate agent GUIDs on page 37
Agents with duplicate GUIDs can be automatically identified and removed with a server
task.
Removing an agent GUID from the Windows registry
When installing an agent on an image, you must remove its GUID from the registry to avoid
duplicating GUIDs in the future.
If you don't follow this step, all deployed images with agents share the
same GUID, and must be changed manually. In a large organization, this
is impractical. Although you can configure the McAfee ePO server to
identify replicated GUIDs and assign a new GUID at the next
agent-server communication, the action consumes considerable
processing bandwidth.
•
On the imaged system, locate the registry key for the agent and remove it.
The registry keys are located at: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Network Associates\ePolicy
Orchestrator\Agent\AgentGUID
How to identify duplicate agent GUIDs
No two agents can share the same GUID.
The most common way agents can end up with duplicate GUIDs is if the agent was installed on an
image without having its GUID removed, and that image was deployed onto more than one system.
When these systems attempt to communicate with an Agent Handler, they generate sequencing
errors, which indicate a GUID problem. The Managed Systems query result type tracks the following
information about these errors:
•
The number of sequence errors for each system in the Managed Systems Sequence Errors property.
•
The date and time of the last sequence error in the Managed Systems Last Sequence Error property.
The tracked information is incorporated into one or the other of the available predefined queries:
36
•
Systems with High Sequence Errors
•
Systems with no Recent Sequence Errors
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Installing the agent
Including the agent on an image
2
Two predefined tasks help manage GUID problems.
•
Duplicate Agent GUID - remove systems with potentially duplicated GUIDs
This task deletes the systems that have a large number of sequencing errors and classifies the
agent GUID as problematic. As a result, the agent is forced to generate a new GUID. The threshold
number of sequencing errors is set in the query Systems with High Sequence Errors.
•
Duplicate Agent GUID - Clear error count
Sequencing errors can occur occasionally for inconsequential reasons. This task clears the count of
sequencing errors in systems that have not had any recent sequencing errors. This cleanup task
does not remove any problematic GUIDs. The threshold value for defining recent is set in the query
Systems with no Recent Sequence Errors
Correcting duplicate agent GUIDs
Agents with duplicate GUIDs can be automatically identified and removed with a server task.
You can schedule this task to run periodically, or run it immediately.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
To open the Server Task Builder, click Menu | Automation | Server Tasks, then click Edit in the row labeled
Duplicate Agent GUID - remove systems with potentially duplicated GUIDs.
To run this task now, click Run instead of Edit, and the task runs immediately. You are shown the
Server Task Log page after it finishes.
2
On the Description page, select Enabled.
•
To run the task with the default configuration displayed on the Actions and Schedule tabs, click Save.
•
To configure the Actions and Schedule tabs, click Next.
3
On the Actions page, select Run Query from the Actions drop-down list.
4
Next to the Query field, click ..., select one of the following options under System Management, then
click OK.
5
•
System with high Sequence errors
•
Systems with no recent Sequence errors
From the Sub-Actions drop-down list, select one of the following options, then click Next.
•
Clear Agent GUID Sequence Error Count
•
Move Agent GUID to Duplicate List and Delete systems
6
Set a schedule for running the task, then click Next.
7
Review your settings, then click Save.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
37
3
Upgrading and restoring agents
If you have been using an older version of ePolicy Orchestrator and have previous agent versions in
your environment, you can upgrade those agents once you’ve installed your new McAfee ePO server.
Periodically, McAfee releases newer versions of the agent, that can be deployed and managed using
ePolicy Orchestrator. When the agent installation package is available, you can download it from the
McAfee download site, check it in to the master repository, then use the deployment task to upgrade
the agent.
Contents
Upgrading versus updating
Upgrading agents using a product deployment task
Upgrading an unmanaged agent on Ubuntu
Restoring a previous version of the agent on Windows
Restoring a previous version of the agent on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Upgrading versus updating
Upgrading involves changing software version numbers, while updating involves changing data.
The term upgrading is not the same as updating. Upgrading the agent means installing a newer
version of the agent over an older version, for example, replacing McAfee Agent 4.5 with McAfee
Agent 4.6. Updating means getting the most up-to-date DATs and signatures that products use to
identify and disarm threats.
•
If you use ePolicy Orchestrator to deploy agents in your network, the procedure differs slightly
depending which previous version of the agent you are upgrading.
•
If you are upgrading your agents and your network is very large, consider the size of the agent
installation package file and your available bandwidth before deciding how many agents to upgrade
at once. Consider using a phased approach. For example, upgrade one group in your System Tree at a
time. In addition to balancing network traffic, this approach makes tracking progress and
troubleshooting easier.
•
If you use a product deployment client task to upgrade agents, consider scheduling the task to run
at different times for different groups in the System Tree.
The procedure for upgrading the agent may change depending on which agent version is running on
your managed systems.
Some previous agent versions do not support all features in ePolicy
Orchestrator 4.6. For full ePolicy Orchestrator functionality, upgrade to
agent version 4.6 or later.
Upgrading agents by a method other than using ePolicy Orchestrator, such as upgrading manually or
using network login scripts, is identical to installing agents for the first time.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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3
Upgrading and restoring agents
Upgrading agents using a product deployment task
Upgrading agents using a product deployment task
Deploying a newer version of the agent with the Product Deployment client task is the same task that is
used to deploy products to systems that are already running agents.
Before you begin
Appropriate agent packages must be added to the Master Repository before they can be
used to upgrade existing agent installations.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
On the Client Tasks tab, click Actions, then select New Task from the drop-down menu.
The Client Task Builder wizard opens to the Description page.
3
Name the task, then select Product Deployment from the drop-down list and select whether the task
should be sent to all computers or to tagged computers only.
4
Click Next to open the Configuration page.
5
Select the target platform.
6
Use the drop-down lists in the Products and Components area to specify the version of the agent to
deploy and, if needed, additional command-line parameters.
7
If you are working in a Windows environment, select whether to run the task at each policy
enforcement interval.
8
Select Allow end users to postpone this update to enable the user to postpone the update. For example, if
users are in the middle of an important task, they can postpone the update to finish the task, or at
least close any open applications.
9
•
You can postpone the update only on Windows client systems.
•
You can't run the task at every policy enforcement when a
deployment is postponed.
•
You can't postpone the task if you want to run the task at
every policy enforcement.
Click Next to open the Schedule page.
10 Schedule the task as needed, then click Next.
11 Verify the task’s details, then click Save.
The new deployment task is sent to the client computers at the next agent-server communication.
Thereafter, every time the task executes, it checks to determine whether it should install the specified
agent.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Upgrading and restoring agents
Upgrading an unmanaged agent on Ubuntu
3
Upgrading an unmanaged agent on Ubuntu
Upgrading an agent running in unmanaged mode on Ubuntu must be done manually.
The installer and agent package is found at the following location on the McAfee ePO server:
<epo server install location>\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software\Current
\EPOAGENT3700LYNX\Install\0409
This process supports upgrading an unmanaged McAfee Agent from version 4.5 to version 4.6. Agents
running in managed mode can be upgraded with a deployment task in ePolicy Orchestrator.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Copy the installer files (MFRrt.i686.deb and MFEcma.i686.deb) to the client system.
2
Open a terminal window on the client system. Navigate to the folder containing the installer.
3
Execute the following commands:
dpkg -I --force-confnew MFErt.i686.deb
dpkg -I --force-confnew MFEcma.i686.deb
Restoring a previous version of the agent on Windows
It is possible to restore a previous version of the agent in a Windows environment. You might do this
after testing a new version of the agent.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the systems on which you want to install a previous
version of the agent.
2
Click Actions | Agent | Deploy Agents.
3
From the Agent version drop-down list on the Deploy Agent page, select the agent you want to restore,
then do the following:
4
a
Select Force installation over existing version.
b
Specify the target installation path for the forced installation.
c
Enter user credentials for agent installation.
d
Provide the Number of attempts; Retry interval; and Abort after information.
e
Select whether the connection used for the deployment is to use a specific Agent Handler or all
Agent Handlers.
Click OK to send the agent installation package to the selected systems.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
41
3
Upgrading and restoring agents
Restoring a previous version of the agent on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Restoring a previous version of the agent on UNIX-based and
Macintosh systems
Restoring a previous version of the agent on non-Windows systems involves uninstalling the current
agent version and installing the previous one.
Task
1
On the client system, uninstall the currently installed version of the agent.
2
On the client system, install the earlier version of the agent.
Tasks, policies and other data are restored at the first agent-server communication following
reinstallation.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
4
Changing agent management modes
You might have previously used McAfee products in your network. If so, you likely already have agent
installations in your network running in updater mode.
Contents
When to change agent management modes
Changing the agent mode on Windows
Changing the agent mode on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
When to change agent management modes
Some of the more recent McAfee products that use AutoUpdate, such as VirusScan Enterprise, are
installed with the agent in updater mode.
To start managing these products with ePolicy Orchestrator, you can enable the agent that is already
on the system by changing its management mode.
Changing the existing agent on each system to managed mode saves significant network bandwidth
over deploying the agent installation package. However, existing McAfee products were probably
installed with an older version of the agent, and these agents are not automatically upgraded to the
latest version on the McAfee ePO server.
In some situations, you might want to change a system that has been managed by ePolicy
Orchestrator to updater (unmanaged) mode. Information is provided for changing from managed
mode to unmanaged mode.
Before changing the agent mode, consider the following:
•
By default, FrmInst.exe is installed on the McAfee ePO server in this location: C:\Program Files
\McAfee\Common Framework.
•
You should not change the agent installation folder without removing and reinstalling the agent.
Agents that you enable might be in a different folder than agents that you deploy in your network
by another method.
•
Assigning sorting filters or domain names to specific System Tree segments saves time. Without
such designations, systems are placed in Lost&Found and you will have to move them from that
location.
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4
Changing agent management modes
Changing the agent mode on Windows
•
You must export the SiteList.xml, reqseckey.bin, and srpubkey.bin (repository list file) from
the McAfee ePO server and copy to the target systems. The repository list contains network
address and other information that the agent requires to call in to the server after being installed.
If you are using McAfee ePO server 4.6, export agentfipsmode file from
C:\Program Files\McAfee\ePolicy Orchestrator\DB\Software
\Current\EPOAGENT3000\Install\0409\ along with the above
mentioned files and rename the reqseckey.bin and srpubkey.bin to
req2048seckey.bin and sr2048pubkey.bin respectively.
•
SiteList.xml must be placed in the same location as srpubkey.bin and reqseckey.bin.
Changing the agent mode on Windows
Agents can be changed from unmanaged mode to managed. Agents can also be reverted to
unmanaged mode if necessary.
Tasks
•
Changing from unmanaged to managed mode in Windows on page 44
Two methods are available for changing the agent mode on Windows systems. One is
simple but uses a large amount of bandwidth, the other is more complex but uses
significantly less bandwidth.
•
Changing from managed to unmanaged mode in Windows on page 44
Changing Windows systems to unmanaged mode involves removing the systems from the
System Tree.
Changing from unmanaged to managed mode in Windows
Two methods are available for changing the agent mode on Windows systems. One is simple but uses
a large amount of bandwidth, the other is more complex but uses significantly less bandwidth.
•
•
To perform the simple and fast method that involves sending a 5 MB file across the network,
perform the following steps:
a
Export Framepkg.exe from McAfee ePO server to a temporary location on the target system,
(that is, the system to be converted from unmanaged to managed mode).
b
Run Framepkg.exe on the client system. This requires administrator privileges.
To perform the more complex and time-consuming method that involves sending a 400 KB file
across the network, perform the following steps:
a
Export sitelist.xml, srpubkey.bin and reqseckey.bin from the McAfee ePO server to a
temporary location on the target system.
If you are using McAfee ePO server 4.6, export agentfipsmode file along
with the above mentioned files and rename the reqseckey.bin and
srpubkey.bin to req2048seckey.bin and sr2048pubkey.bin
respectively.
b
Run C:\Program Files\McAfee\Common Framework\frminst.exe /install=agent /siteinfo
=<full path>\SiteList.xml on the target system. This requires administrator privileges.
Changing from managed to unmanaged mode in Windows
Changing Windows systems to unmanaged mode involves removing the systems from the System Tree.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
4
Changing agent management modes
Changing the agent mode on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
Select the systems to change to unmanaged mode.
3
Click Actions, select Directory Management, then click Delete.
4
Confirm the deletion. The selected system is no longer managed by ePolicy Orchestrator and now
functions only as an updater.
Changing the agent mode on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
Agents can be changed from unmanaged mode to managed. Agents can also be reverted to
unmanaged mode if necessary.
Tasks
•
Changing from unmanaged to managed mode on UNIX-based platforms on page 45
Changing the agent mode on non-Windows systems must be done manually.
•
Changing from managed to unmanaged mode on UNIX-based platforms on page 46
Changing the agent mode on non-Windows systems must be done manually.
Changing from unmanaged to managed mode on UNIX-based
platforms
Changing the agent mode on non-Windows systems must be done manually.
This procedure can also be used to change which McAfee ePO server or
Agent Handler an agent communicates with.
Task
1
2
On the target system, locate the msaconfig file in the binaries subfolder of the cma folder.
Operating system
Default location
HP-UX, Linux, AIX, and Solaris
/opt/McAfee/cma/bin
Macintosh
/Library/McAfee/cma/bin
Open a terminal window on the target system.
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4
Changing agent management modes
Changing the agent mode on UNIX-based and Macintosh systems
3
Export sitelist.xml, srpubkey.bin and reqseckey.bin from the McAfee ePO server to a
temporary location on the target system.
If you are using McAfee ePO server 4.6, export agentfipsmode file along
with the above mentioned files and rename the reqseckey.bin and
srpubkey.bin to req2048seckey.bin and sr2048pubkey.bin
respectively.
4
Run the following command:
/opt/McAfee/cma/bin/msaconfig -m -d <path of location containing
srpubkey.bin, reqseckey.bin and SiteList.xml> [-nostart]
The optional -nostart parameter indicates that the agent does not
restart after changing mode.
Changing from managed to unmanaged mode on UNIX-based
platforms
Changing the agent mode on non-Windows systems must be done manually.
Task
1
On the target system, locate the msaconfig file in the binaries subfolder of the cma folder.
Operating system
Default location
HP-UX, Linux, AIX, and Solaris
/opt/McAfee/cma/bin
Macintosh
/Library/McAfee/cma/bin
2
Open a terminal window on the target system.
3
Run the following command:
/opt/McAfee/cma/bin/msaconfig -u [-nostart]
The optional [-nostart] parameter indicates that the agent does not
restart after changing mode.
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McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
5
Removing the McAfee Agent
After deleting an agent, the system is deleted from the System Tree and the agent removed during
the next agent-server communication.
Keep in mind that if point-products still reside on systems after attempting to remove the agent, the
agent continues to run unmanaged in updater mode in order to maintain those point-products.
You cannot remove the agent using the Product Deployment task, which
can remove products such as VirusScan Enterprise.
Contents
Removing agents when deleting systems from the System Tree
Removing agents when deleting groups from the System Tree
Removing agents from systems in query results
Removing the agent from a Windows command prompt
Uninstalling from non-Windows operating systems
Removing agents when deleting systems from the System Tree
The agent is removed from systems when you delete those systems from the System Tree.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the group with the systems you want to delete.
2
Select the systems from the list, then click Actions | Directory Management | Delete.
3
Confirm the deletion, then click OK.
Removing agents when deleting groups from the System Tree
The agent is removed from all systems in a group when you delete that group from the System Tree.
When you delete a group, all of its child groups and systems are also
deleted.
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Removing the McAfee Agent
Removing agents from systems in query results
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select a group to be deleted.
2
At the bottom of the System Tree panel, click System Tree Actions | Delete Group.
3
Select Remove agent from all systems, then click OK.
Removing agents from systems in query results
You can remove agents from systems listed in the results of a query (for example, the Agent Versions
Summary query).
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Run the desired query, then from the results page, select the systems to be deleted.
2
Select Directory Management from the drop-down menu, then select Delete from the submenu.
3
Confirm the deletion, then click OK.
Removing the agent from a Windows command prompt
The agent can be removed from a Windows system by running the agent installation program, FrmInst
.exe, from the command line.
If there are point-products installed on a system from which the agent
has been removed, the now unmanaged agent continues in updater mode.
Task
1
Open a command prompt on the target system.
2
Run the agent installation program, FrmInst.exe, from the command line with the /REMOVE=AGENT
option. The default location of this file is:
C:\Program Files\McAfee\Common Framework
Uninstalling from non-Windows operating systems
Removing the agent from non-Windows operating systems must be done manually.
The task involves:
48
•
Removing the agent from the system.
•
Removing the system names from the McAfee ePO System Tree.
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Removing the McAfee Agent
Uninstalling from non-Windows operating systems
5
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Open a terminal window on the client system.
2
Run the command appropriate for your operating system, providing root credentials when requested.
Operating system
Commands
AIX
rpm -e MFEcma
HP-UX
swremove MFEcma
Linux
rpm -e MFEcma
rpm -e MFErt
Run the commands in the listed order.
Ubuntu
dpkg --remove MFEcma
dpkg --remove MFErt
Run the commands in the listed order.
Macintosh
/Library/McAfee/cma/uninstall.sh
Solaris
pkgrm MFEcma
3
On the ePolicy Orchestrator server, click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the systems from
which you have just uninstalled the agent.
4
From the Actions drop-down menu, select Directory Management, then select Delete from the submenu.
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Using the agent
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
6
7
8
9
Configuring agent policies
Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Agent activity logs
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6
Configuring agent policies
Agent policy settings determine the performance and behavior of an agent in your environment.
Contents
Agent policy settings
Proxy settings for the agent
Retrieving system properties
Configuring selected systems for updating
Agent policy settings
The agent provides configuration pages for setting policy options that are organized into three
categories: General, Repository, and Troubleshooting
Agent 4.5 had one policy categories: General. When upgrading the agent
from version 4.5 to version 4.6, McAfee-supplied policies (for example
McAfee Default and My Default) are broken into three categories: General,
Repository, and Troubleshooting. This is not done to user-created policies.
Previously-existing user-created policies are only broken into General and
Repository categories and do not receive a Troubleshooting policy category.
Before distributing a large number of agents throughout your network, consider carefully how you
want the agent to behave in the segments of your environment. Although you can configure agent
policy settings after agents are distributed, McAfee recommends setting them prior to the distribution,
to prevent unnecessary impact on your resources.
When upgrading from ePolicy Orchestrator server 4.5 to 4.6, the Agent
Extension is also upgraded from 4.5 to 4.6. McAfee-supplied agent
policies (McAfee Default and My Default) are broken into three categories:
General, Repository, and Troubleshooting. Any policy created by a user using
Agent 4.5 are spilt into General and Repository categories during upgrade.
General policies
Settings available for General policies are divided into four tabs.
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Configuring agent policies
Agent policy settings
Tab
Settings
General
• Policy enforcement interval
• Use of system tray icon in Windows environments
• Agent and SuperAgent wake-up call support
• The repository path where the SuperAgent goes for product and update packages
• Whether to accept connections only from the McAfee ePO server
• Creation of SuperAgents in Windows environments
• Enabling lazy caching
• Yielding of the CPU to other processes in Windows environments
• Rebooting options after product deployment in Windows environments
• Agent-server communication
• Sending full or minimal system properties and product properties
Events
• Enabling/disabling Priority event forwarding
• Level of priority events forwarded
• Interval between event uploads
• Maximum number of events per upload
Logging
• Enabling/disabling of logging
• Setting the log file size limit
• Level of logging detail
• Setting remote access to logging
Updates
• Custom update log file location
• Specifying post-update options
• Downgrading DAT files
• Selecting repository branches
Repository policies
Settings available for Repository policies are divided into two tabs.
Tab
Settings
Repositories
Repository selection
Proxy
Proxy configuration
Troubleshooting policies
Settings available for Troubleshooting policies are contained within a single tab.
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Configuring agent policies
Agent policy settings
Tab
Settings
General
Agent user interface and log file language
6
Priority event forwarding
You can configure the agent to forward events on a priority basis if they are equal to or greater than a
specified severity.
During normal operation, the agent and security software on the managed system generates software
events regularly. These events are uploaded to the server at each agent-server communication and
are stored in the database. These events can range from information about regular operation, such as
when the agent enforces policies locally, to critical events, such as when a virus is detected and not
cleaned. A typical deployment of agents in a large network can generate thousands of these events an
hour.
Specific event severities are determined by the product that generates the events. If you plan to use
Automatic Responses, McAfee recommends that you enable priority uploading of higher severity
events for those features to function as intended because the agent sends lower priority events to the
McAfee ePO server on subsequent Agent to Server communication intervals.
You can enable priority uploading of events on the Events tab of the McAfee Agent policy pages.
Selecting a repository
Repositories are selected within a policy. McAfee products are updated from the repositories you
specify in the Repository policies.
The agent can update from any repository in its repository list based on the policy setting. This
repository management tool allows you to specify the most efficient means for designating a source
repository for updates. It allows you allows you to select repositories based on ping time, subnet
distance, or from a preset list. It also allows you to determine whether old files in a SuperAgent's lazy
cache are retained or purged.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog.
2
Select McAfee Agent from the Product drop-down list, and Repository in the Category drop-down list.
3
Click Actions, then select New Policy to create a new policy, or select Duplicate in the Actions column for
the My Default policy name to create a new policy based on the default.
4
Type a name for the policy, then click OK.
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Configuring agent policies
Agent policy settings
5
On the Repositories tab, select whether to Use this repository list (the McAfee ePO-managed repository
list), or Use other repository list (a locally controlled repository list that is not managed by ePolicy
Orchestrator).
6
Choose a basis for selecting a repository:
Selection
method
Definition
Ping time
The shortest round-trip elapsed time between sending an echo request to a
remote ICMP-enabled system and receiving a response from that system. Ping
timeout can be used to control the maximum time taken. The default is 30
seconds, minimum is 5, and maximum is 60.
Subnet distance The fewest hops an ICMP packet makes while traversing the network from a
local system to a remote system. The maximum number of hops can be used to
control the packet traversal. The default is 15 hops, minimum is 1, and
maximum is 30.
Use order in
repository list
A user-defined list of repositories based on locally determined preferences. You
can sequence and enable or disable specific distributed repositories on the
Repositories tab of the McAfee Agent policy pages. Allowing agents to update from
any distributed repository ensures that they get the update from some location.
The agent selects a repository each time a change occurs in the
repository list, IP address, or Repository policy option.
Changing the agent user interface and event log language
When managed systems run in a different language than your administration staff can read, it can be
difficult to troubleshoot issues on those systems.
You can change the agent user interface and logging language on a managed system through an
ePolicy Orchestrator policy. This setting forces the agent on the target system to run and publish log
entries in the selected language.
Some text is controlled by individual McAfee security software products
(for example, VirusScan) and will follow the regional/locale settings.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog.
2
Select McAfee Agent from the Product drop-down list, and Troubleshooting in the Category drop-down list.
3
Click the name of a policy to modify, or duplicate an existing policy.
The McAfee Default policy can not be modified.
4
Select Select language used by agent and select a language from the drop-down list.
5
Click Save.
When you assign this policy to a system, the agent on that system runs and publishes log messages in
the selected language. If this language does not match the current Windows system locale, the log
messages appearing in the Agent Monitor user interface might not be legible.
Regardless of language selection, some log messages are always
published in English to aid McAfee in troubleshooting customer issues.
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Configuring agent policies
Proxy settings for the agent
6
Proxy settings for the agent
To access the McAfee update sites, the agent must be able to access the Internet. Use the agent policy
settings to configure proxy server settings for managed systems.
The Proxy tab of the McAfee Agent policy pages includes these settings:
•
Do not use a proxy (default setting)
•
You can select one of these depending on the product.
•
Use Internet Explorer proxy settings (For Windows) — This setting allows an agent in a Windows
environment to use the proxy server and credential information currently configured for Internet
Explorer. There are several methods to configure Internet Explorer for use with proxies. For
information, see Internet Explorer Help.
When this setting is selected, the fields for specifying user authentication
for HTTP and FTP proxies become available, as well as the option Allow
user to configure proxy settings. By selecting this option, the administrator
grants permission to the user of a managed product to access additional
update repositories that are configured behind the proxy server
•
•
System Preferences settings (For Mac OSX) — This setting allows an agent in a Macintosh environment to
use the proxy server and credential information currently configured in its System Preferences.
Manually configure the proxy settings — When this setting is selected, the fields for specifying user
authentication for HTTP and FTP proxies and exceptions become available. This selection also
allows the administrator to specify the HTTP and FTP locations using DNS name, IPv4 address, or IPv6
address.
Configuring proxy settings for the agent
You might need to configure proxy settings if an agent is having trouble accessing the Internet.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog, then from the Product drop-down menu, select McAfee Agent, and from
the Category drop-down menu, select Repository.
2
From the list of policies, click My Default, or any other policy listed on this page other than McAfee
Default.
3
Click Proxy.
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Configuring agent policies
Retrieving system properties
4
5
Select your preferred option:
•
Select Do not use a proxy if your agent does not require a proxy to access the Internet. This is the
default selection.
•
Select Use Internet Explorer proxy settings (For Windows) or System Preferences settings (For Mac OSX) depending
on the operating system and if appropriate, select Allow user to configure proxy settings.
Select Manually configure the proxy settings if you need a proxy other than Internet Explorer, and configure
the following settings:
a
Select a form for the address of the source HTTP or FTP location where the agent is to pull updates.
•
DNS Name
•
IPv4
•
IPv6
b
Type the DNS name or IP address and Port numbers of the HTTP and/or FTP source. If
appropriate, select Use these settings for all proxy types.
c
Select Specify exceptions to designate systems that do not require access to the proxy.
d
Select Use HTTP proxy authentication and/or Use FTP proxy authentication, then provide a user name and
credentials.
e
Click Save.
Retrieving system properties
You can use the agent to retrieve system properties from managed systems.
At each agent-server communication, the agent sends information to the McAfee ePO server about the
managed computer, including information about the software products that are installed. The scope of
the information depends on how you have configured:
•
The agent policy that specifies whether to retrieve a full set of information about installed
programs, or only a minimal set.
•
The task setting that specifies whether to retrieve all properties defined by the agent policy, or only
properties that have changed since the last agent-server communication. This setting is available
when configuring an immediate or scheduled wake-up call.
Agent wake-up client task is supported only on Windows platform. Use System Tree actions to
wake-up agent on Unix-based and Macintosh OS.
Task
58
1
Click Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog.
2
Select McAfee Agent in the Product drop-down list and General in the Category drop-down list.
3
Click on a policy name to update it.
4
Deselect Send full product properties in addition to system properties to send system properties and minimal
product properties.
This is selected by default.
5
Click Save.
6
Click Menu | Policy | Client Task Catalog.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Configuring agent policies
Configuring selected systems for updating
6
7
In the Client Task Types list, select McAfee Agent Wake-up.
8
Click the name of an existing task, or click Actions | New Task and choose a McAfee Agent Wake-up task.
9
In Options, select Send all properties defined by the agent policy to retrieve all properties as defined by the
agent policy, even if previously sent.
The default is Send only properties that have changed since the last agent-server communication which will only send
new information to the server.
10 Click Save.
Configuring selected systems for updating
You can choose a set of packages that are updated immediately when Update Now is selected on one or
more systems.
Typical reasons for using this functionality include:
•
Updating selected systems when troubleshooting
•
Distributing new DATs or signatures to a large number of systems, or all systems, immediately
•
Updating selected products, patches, or service packs that have been deployed previously
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the systems to be updated.
2
Click Actions | Agent | Update Now.
•
Select All packages to deploy all update packages in the repository.
•
Select Selected packages to specify which update packages to deploy. Deselect the packages that
you do not want to deploy.
The ability to deploy patches and service packs from the Evaluation or
Previous repositories is designed to allow update testing on a limited
subset of systems before doing a broader deployment. McAfee
recommends moving approved patches and service packs to the Current
repository when they are ready for general deployment.
3
Click OK.
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Working with the agent from the McAfee
ePO server
The McAfee ePO interface includes pages where agent tasks and policies can be configured, and where
system properties, agent properties, and other McAfee product information can be viewed.
Contents
Agent-to-server communication
Viewing agent and product properties
Responding to policy events
Running client tasks immediately
Sending manual wake-up calls to individual systems
Sending manual wake-up calls to a group
Locate inactive agents
Queries provided by McAfee Agent
Windows system and product properties reported by the agent
Agent-to-server communication
The agent has to talk to an ePolicy Orchestrator server periodically to ensure all settings are current,
send events and so on.
These communications are referred to as agent-to-server communication. During each
Agent-to-server communication, the agent collects its current system properties, as well as events
that have not yet been sent, and sends them to the server. The server sends new or changed policies
and tasks to the agent, and the repository list if it has changed since the last Agent-to-server
communication. The agent enforces the new policies locally on the managed system and applies any
task or repository changes.
ePolicy Orchestrator 4.0 uses a proprietary network protocol. Versions 4.5 and later use an
industry-standard Transport Layer Security (TLS) network protocol for secure network transmissions.
When the agent is first is installed, it calls in to the server at a random time within ten minutes.
Thereafter, the agent calls in whenever one of the following occurs:
•
The Agent-to-server communication interval (ASCI) elapses.
•
At agent startup.
•
Agent wake-up calls are sent from McAfee ePO or Agent Handlers.
•
A scheduled wake-up task runs.
•
Communication is initiated manually from the managed system.
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Agent-to-server communication
Agent-to-server communication interval
The Agent-to-server communication interval (ASCI) determines how often the agent calls in to the server.
The Agent-to-server communication interval is set on the General tab of the McAfee Agent policy page.
The default setting of 60 minutes means that the agent contacts the server once every hour. When
deciding whether to modify the interval, consider what the agent does at each ASCI:
•
The agent collects and sends its properties to the Agent Handler.
•
The agent sends the non-priority events that have occurred since the last Agent-to-server
communication.
•
The Agent Handler sends new policies and tasks to the client. This action might trigger other
resource-consuming actions.
•
The agent enforces policies.
Although these activities do not burden any one computer, a number of factors can cause the
cumulative demand on the network, McAfee ePO servers, or on Agent Handlers to be significant.
•
A large number of systems being managed by ePolicy Orchestrator.
•
Your organization has stringent threat response requirements.
•
The network or physical location of clients in relation to servers or Agent Handlers is highly
distributed.
•
Inadequate available bandwidth.
In general, if your environment includes these variables, you want to perform an Agent-to-server
communication less frequently. For clients with critical functions, you might want to set a more
frequent interval.
Agent-to-server communication interruption handling
Agent-to-server communication designed to work around issues that cause problems connecting with
an ePolicy Orchestrator server.
Communication interruptions can happen for many of reasons, and the Agent-to-server connection
algorithm is designed to re-attempt communication if its first attempt fails.
The agent cycles through the following connection methods six times or until one of a set of responses
is returned.
1
IP Address
2
Fully qualified domain name
3
NetBIOS
The agent iterates through those three connection methods in that order up to six times for a total of
18 connection attempts. There is no delay between connection attempts. The agent stops this cycle if
a connection attempt results in any of the following:
62
•
No error
•
Download failed
•
Upload failed
•
Agent is shutting down
•
Transfer aborted
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Agent-to-server communication
•
Server busy (status code from McAfee ePO)
•
Upload success (status code from McAfee ePO)
•
Agent needs new keys
•
No package to receive (status code from McAfee ePO)
•
Agent needs to regenerate GUID (status code from McAfee ePO)
7
Other results such as connection refused, failed to connect, connection timeout, or other errors causes
the agent to retry immediately using the next connection method in the list.
Wake-up calls and tasks
The purpose of an agent wake-up call is to trigger an immediate agent-to-server communication
rather than wait for the current agent-to-server communication interval to elapse.
Agent wake-up client task is supported only on Windows platform. Use
System Tree actions to wake-up agent on Unix-based and Macintosh OS.
There are two ways to issue a wake-up call:
•
Manually from the server — This is the most common approach and requires the agent wake-up
communication port be open.
•
On a schedule set by the administrator — This approach is useful when manual agent-to-server
communication is disabled by policy. The administrator can create and deploy a wake-up task,
which wakes up the agent then initiates an agent-to-server communication.
Some reasons for issuing an agent wake-up call are:
•
You make a policy change that you want to enforce immediately, without waiting for the ASCI to
expire.
•
You created a new task that you want to run immediately. The Run Task Now creates a task, then
assigns it to specified client systems and sends wake-up calls.
•
A query generated a report indicating that a client is out of compliance, and you want to test its
status as part of a troubleshooting procedure.
If you have converted a particular Windows agent as a SuperAgent, it can issue wake-up calls to
designated network broadcast segments. SuperAgents distribute the bandwidth impact of the agent
wake-up call.
SuperAgents and broadcast wake-up calls
If you operate in a Windows environment and plan to use agent wake-up calls to initiate agent-server
communication, consider converting an agent on each network broadcast segment into a SuperAgent.
SuperAgents distribute the bandwidth load of concurrent wake-up calls. Instead of sending agent
wake-up calls from the server to every agent, the server sends the SuperAgent wake-up call to
SuperAgents in the selected System Tree segment.
The process is:
1
Server sends a wake-up call to all SuperAgents.
2
SuperAgents broadcast a wake-up call to all agents in the same broadcast segment.
3
All notified agents (regular agents notified by a SuperAgent and all SuperAgents) exchange data
with the server.
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Agent-to-server communication
When you send a SuperAgent wake-up call, agents without an operating SuperAgent on their
broadcast segment are not prompted to communicate with the server.
SuperAgent deployment tips
To deploy enough SuperAgents to the appropriate locations, first determine the broadcast segments in
your environment and select a system (preferably a server) in each segment to host a SuperAgent. Be
aware that agents in broadcast segments without SuperAgents do not receive the broadcast wake-up
call, so they do not call in to the server in response to a wake-up call. If you use SuperAgents, make
sure all agents are assigned a SuperAgent.
Agent and SuperAgent wake-up calls use the same secure channels. Make sure the following ports are
not blocked by a firewall on the client:
•
The agent wake-up communication port (8081 by default).
•
The agent broadcast communication port (8082 by default).
SuperAgent caching and communication interruptions
The SuperAgent caches the contents of its repository in a specific manner designed to minimize
wide-area network (WAN) usage.
If an agent has been converted to a SuperAgent, it can cache content from its McAfee ePO server to
distribute locally to other agents, reducing WAN bandwidth. To activate this, turn on LazyCaching in the
McAfee Agent | General policy options page which you access from Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog.
How the cache works
When a client system first requests content, the SuperAgent assigned to that system caches that
content. From that point on, the cache is updated whenever a newer version of the package requested
is available in the Master Repository.
The SuperAgent is guaranteed only to store content required by the agents assigned to it because it
does not pull any content from the McAfee ePO server until requested from a client. This minimizes
traffic between the SuperAgent and the McAfee ePO server. While the SuperAgent is retrieving content
from the Master Repository, client system requests for that content are paused.
The SuperAgent must have access to the Master Repository. Without this
access, agents receiving updates from the SuperAgent never receive
new content. Make sure your SuperAgent policy includes access to the
Master Repository.
Agents configured to use the SuperAgent as their repository receive the content cached in the
SuperAgent repository instead of directly from the McAfee ePO server. This improves agent system
performance by keeping the majority of network traffic local to the SuperAgent and its clients.
If the SuperAgent is reconfigured to use a new repository, the cache is updated to reflect the new
repository.
When the cache is flushed
SuperAgents flush content from their cache in two situations.
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Viewing agent and product properties
•
If the Checking new repository content interval has expired since the last time updates were requested, the
SuperAgent downloads updates from the Master Repository, processes them, and completely
flushes the cache if any new content is available.
•
When a global update occurs, SuperAgents receive a wake-up call that flushes all content in the cache.
SuperAgents are flushed every 30 days by default. When the SuperAgent
flushes its cache, it deletes every file in its repository not listed in Replica
.log. This includes any personal files you might have put in that folder.
How communication interruptions are handled
When a SuperAgent receives a request for content that might be outdated, the SuperAgent attempts
to contact the McAfee ePO server to see if new content is available. If the connection attempts time
out, the SuperAgent distributes content from its own repository instead. This is done to ensure the
requester receives content even if that content might be outdated.
SuperAgent Caching should not be used in conjunction with global
updating. Both of these features serve the same function in your
managed environment; keeping your distributed repositories up-to-date.
However, they are not complementary features. Use SuperAgent caching
when limiting bandwidth usage is your primary consideration. Use Global
Updating when quick enterprise updating is your primary consideration.
Viewing agent and product properties
A common troubleshooting task is to verify that the policy changes you made match the properties
retrieved from a system.
All the product properties are sent to the ePolicy Orchestrator server
during the first agent-to-server communication, but during the
subsequent agent-to-server communications the properties sent to the
ePolicy Orchestrator server depends on the Agent policy settings.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
On the Systems tab, click the row corresponding to the system you want to examine.
Information about the system's properties, installed products, and agent appear. New in ePolicy
Orchestrator 4.6 is a ribbon at the top of the System Information page containing Summary, Properties,
and Threat Events windows. It also displays System Properties, Products, Threat Events, McAfee Agent,
Rogue System Detection, and Related Items tabs.
Responding to policy events
You can set up an automatic response in ePolicy Orchestrator filtered to see only policy events.
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Running client tasks immediately
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Automation | Automatic Responses to open the Automatic Responses page.
2
Click Actions | New Response.
3
Enter a Name for the response, and an optional Description.
4
Select ePO Notification Events for the Event group, and Client, Threat, or Server for the Event type.
5
Click Enabled to enable the response and click Next.
6
From the Available Properties, select Event Description.
7
Click ... in the Event Description row and choose one of the following options from the list:
Option
Definition
Agent failed to collect properties
for any point products
This event is generated and forwarded when a property collection
failure first occurs. A subsequent success event is not generated.
Each failing point product generates a separate event.
Agent failed to enforce policy for
any point products
This event is generated and forwarded when a policy enforcement
failure first occurs. A subsequent success event is not generated.
Each failing point product generates a separate event.
8
Enter remaining information into the filter as needed, then click Next.
9
Select Aggregation, Grouping, and Throttling options as needed.
10 Choose an action type and enter the desired behavior depending on action type, then click Next.
11 Review the summarized response behavior. If correct, click Save.
An automatic response has now been created that will perform the described action when a policy
event occurs.
Running client tasks immediately
When ePolicy Orchestrator 4.6 is communicating with McAfee Agent 4.6, you can run client tasks
immediately using the run tasks now feature.
McAfee Agent puts tasks into a queue when they are scheduled to run instead of immediately
executing them. While a task can be queued up immediately, it only starts executing if no other tasks
are ahead of it in the queue. Tasks created during the Run Client Task Now procedure are run and the task
is deleted from the client after it finishes.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
66
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
Select one or more systems on which to run a task.
3
Click Actions | Agent | Run Client Task Now.
4
Select the Product as McAfee Agent and the Task Type.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
7
Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Sending manual wake-up calls to individual systems
5
To run an existing task, click the Task Name then click Run Task Now.
6
To define a new task, click Create New Task.
a
Enter the information appropriate to the task you are creating.
If you create a McAfee Agent Product Deployment or Product Update task during
this procedure, one of the available options is Run at every policy enforcement.
This option has no effect as the task is deleted after it finishes.
The Running Client Task Status page appears, and displays the state of all running tasks. When the tasks
are complete, the results can be viewed in the Audit Log and Server Task Log.
Sending manual wake-up calls to individual systems
Manually sending an agent or SuperAgent wake-up call to systems in the System Tree is useful when you
make policy changes and you want agents to call in for an update before the next agent to server
communication.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the group that contains the target systems.
2
Select the systems from the list, then click Actions | Agent | Wake Up Agents.
3
Make sure the systems you selected appear in the Target Systems section.
4
Next to Wake-up call type, select whether to send an Agent Wake-Up Call or SuperAgent Wake-Up Call as
appropriate.
5
Accept the default Randomization (0 minutes) or type a different value (0 - 60 minutes). Consider the
number of systems that are receiving the wake-up call when it is sent immediately, and how much
bandwidth is available. If you type 0, agents respond immediately.
6
To send minimal product properties as a result of this wake-up call, deselect Get full product properties....
The default is to send full product properties.
7
To update all policies and tasks during this wake-up call, select Force complete policy and task update.
8
Enter a Number of attempts, Retry interval, and Abort after settings for this wake-up call if you do not want
the default values.
9
Select whether to wake-up agent using All Agent Handlers or Last Connected Agent Handlers.
10 Click OK to send the agent or SuperAgent wake-up call.
Sending manual wake-up calls to a group
An agent or SuperAgent wake-up call can be sent to an entire System Tree group in a single task. This is
useful when you have made policy changes and want agents to call in for an update before the next
agent to server communication.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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7
Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Locate inactive agents
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
Select the target group from the System Tree and click the Group Details tab.
3
Click Actions | Wake Up Agents.
4
Make sure the selected group appears next to Target group.
5
Select whether to send the agent wake-up call to All systems in this group or to All systems in this group and
subgroups.
6
Next to Type, select whether to send an Agent wake-up call or SuperAgent wake-up call.
7
Accept the default Randomization (0 minutes), or type a different value (0 - 60 minutes). If you type
0, agents awaken immediately.
8
To send minimal product properties as a result of this wake-up call, deselect Get full product properties....
The default is to send full product properties.
9
To update all policies and tasks during this wake-up call, select Force complete policy and task update.
10 Click OK to send the agent or SuperAgent wake-up call.
Locate inactive agents
An inactive agent is one that has not communicated with the McAfee ePO server within a
user-specified time period.
Some agents might become disabled or be uninstalled by users. In other cases, the system hosting
the agent might have been removed from the network. McAfee recommends performing regular
weekly searches for systems with these inactive agents.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Reporting | Queries & Reports.
2
In the Groups list, select the McAfee Agent shared group.
3
Click Run in the Inactive Agents row to run the query.
The default configuration for this query finds systems that have not communicated with the McAfee
ePO server in the last month. You can specify hours, days, weeks, quarters or years.
When you find inactive agents, review their activity logs for problems that might interfere with
agent-server communication. The query results allow you take a variety of actions with respect to the
systems identified, including ping, delete, wake up, and re-deploy an agent.
Queries provided by McAfee Agent
McAfee Agent adds a number of standard queries to your ePolicy Orchestrator environment.
The following queries are installed into the McAfee Agent shared group.
68
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Windows system and product properties reported by the agent
7
Table 7-1 Queries provided by McAfee Agent
Query
Description
Agent Communication
Summary
A pie chart of managed systems indicating whether the agents have
communicated with the McAfee ePO server within the past day.
Agent Handler Status
A pie chart displaying Agent Handler communication status within
the last hour.
Agent Versions Summary
A pie chart of installed agents by version number on managed
systems.
Inactive Agents
A table listing all managed systems whose agents have not
communicated within the last month.
Managed nodes having point
product policy enforcement
failures
A single group bar chart showing the maximum managed nodes
(specified in the Query Builder wizard) having at least one policy
enforcement failure.
You can query for point product policy enforcement failures on
McAfee ePO server 4.6.
Managed nodes having point
product property collection
failures
A single group bar chart showing the maximum managed nodes
(specified in the Query Builder wizard) having at least one property
collection failure.
You can query for point product property collection failures on
McAfee ePO server 4.6.
Repositories and Percentage
Utilization
A pie chart displaying individual repository utilization as a percentage
of all repositories.
Repository Usage Based on
DAT and Engine Pulling
A stacked bar chart displaying DAT and Engine pulling per repository.
Systems per Agent Handler
A pie chart displaying the number of managed systems per Agent
Handler.
Windows system and product properties reported by the agent
The lists below show the data reported to ePolicy Orchestrator from its managed systems. The
properties reported vary by operating system. Those listed here are properties reported by Windows.
System properties
This list shows the system data reported to ePolicy Orchestrator by your nodes' operating systems.
Review the details on your system before concluding that system properties are incorrectly reported.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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Working with the agent from the McAfee ePO server
Windows system and product properties reported by the agent
Agent GUID
Is 64 Bit OS
OS Version
CPU Serial Number
Last Sequence Error
Sequence Errors
CPU Speed (MHz)
Is Laptop
Server Key
CPU Type
Last Communication
Subnet Address
Custom Props 1-4
MAC Address
Subnet Mask
Communication Type
Managed State
System Description
Default Language
Management Type
System Location
Description
Number Of CPUs
System Name
DNS Name
Operating System
System Tree Sorting
Domain Name
OS Build Number
Tags
Excluded Tags
OS OEM Identifier
Time Zone
Free Disk Space
OS Platform
To Be Transferred
Free Memory
OS Service Pack Version
Total Disk Space
Free System Drive Space
OS Type
Total Physical Memory
Installed Products
Used Disk Space
IP Address
User Name
IPX Address
Agent properties
Each McAfee product designates the properties it reports to ePolicy Orchestrator and, of those, which
are included in a set of minimal properties. This list shows the kinds of product data that are reported
to ePolicy Orchestrator by the McAfee software installed on your system. If you find errors in the
reported values, review the details of your products before concluding that they are incorrectly reported.
70
Agent GUID
Installed Path
Agent-Server Secure Communication Key Hash
Language
Agent-to-Server Communication Interval
Last Policy Enforcement Status
Agent Wake-Up Call
Last Property Collection Status
Agent Wake-Up Communication Port
License Status
Cluster Node
Prompt User When a Reboot is Required
Cluster Service State
Policy Enforcement Interval
Cluster Name
Product Version
Cluster Host
Plugin Version
Cluster Member Nodes
Run Now Supported
Cluster Quorum Resource Path
Service Pack
Cluster IP Address
Show McAfee Tray Icon
DAT Version
SuperAgent Functionality
Engine Version
SuperAgent Repository
Force Automatic Reboot After
SuperAgent Repository Directory
HotFix/Patch Version
SuperAgent Wake-Up Communication Port
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
8
Running agent tasks from the managed
system
If you can access the managed system where the agent is installed, you can view and manage some
features of the agent.
The agent interface is available on the managed system only if you
selected Show McAfee system tray icon on the General tab of the McAfee Agent
policy pages. To enable the Update Security... task for end users, you must
have also selected Allow end users to update security from the McAfee System tray
menu.
Contents
Using the system tray icon
Running a manual update
Enforcing policies
Updating policies and tasks
Sending properties to the McAfee ePO server
Sending events to the McAfee ePO server on-demand
Updates from the managed system
Viewing version numbers and settings
Agent command-line options
Using the system tray icon
The system tray icon provides a collection point for actions that can be performed on a client system.
Every McAfee point-product provides actions and information to the system tray icon.
What the system tray icon does
The system tray icon resides in the Windows system tray on the client system and provides a
user-interface entry point to products installed on that system.
Option
Function
Update Security
Triggers immediate updating of all installed McAfee software products. This
includes application of patches and hotfixes, as well as DAT and signature updates.
This feature is available only if specifically enabled in the agent policy.
Quick Settings
Links to certain product menu items that are frequently used.
Manage Features
Displays links to the administrative console of managed products.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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8
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Using the system tray icon
Option
Function
Scan Computer for
Launches McAfee programs, such as VirusScan Enterprise, that scan systems
on-demand and detect malicious software.
View Security Status
Displays the current system status of managed McAfee products, including current
events.
McAfee Agent Status
Monitor
Triggers the Agent Status Monitor, which:
• Displays information on the collection and transmission of properties.
• Sends events.
• Enforces policies.
• Collect and send properties.
• Checks for new policies and tasks.
About...
Displays system and product information, including the agent, the McAfee ePO
server or Agent Handler with which the agent communicates, and the software
products being managed.
Making the system tray icon visible
If you want to restrict a user's ability to use the agent and other point-products, you can hide the
system tray icon.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
On the Assigned Policies tab, select McAfee Agent in the Product drop-down list.
3
Click the name of a policy that is in the General category, for example My Default.
4
Select Show the McAfee system tray icon (Windows only).
5
To allow users to update security on-demand, select Allow end users to update security from the McAfee system
tray menu.
When selected, users who are running McAfee Agent 4.5 or later can choose Update Security from the
McAfee system tray icon to update all products for which an update package is present in the
repository.
6
When you have completed your changes to the default configuration, click Save.
Enabling user access to updating functionality
You can enable users to update security settings on-demand. This functionality is disabled by default.
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
72
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree.
2
On the Assigned Policies tab, select McAfee Agent in the Product drop-down list.
3
Click the name of a policy that is in the General category, for example My Default.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Running a manual update
4
Select Allow end users to run update security from the McAfee system tray menu.
5
When you have completed your changes to the default configuration, click Save.
8
Running a manual update
Updates can be run manually from a client system.
Product updates can include:
•
Patch releases
•
Legacy product plug-in (.DLL) files
•
Service pack releases
•
SuperDAT (SDAT*.EXE) packages
•
Supplemental detection definition (ExtraDAT) files
•
Detection definition (DAT) files
•
Anti-virus engines
•
Managed-product signatures
Task
•
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee system tray icon and select Update Security.
The agent performs an update from the repository defined in the agent policy.
Enforcing policies
The agent can enforce all configured policies on the managed system on demand.
Task
1
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee system tray icon, then select McAfee Agent | McAfee
Agent Status Monitor.
2
Click Enforce Policies.
The policy enforcement activity is displayed in the McAfee Agent Status Monitor.
Updating policies and tasks
You can manually cause the agent to communicate with the server to update policy and tasks settings.
Task
1
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee system tray icon, then select McAfee Agent | McAfee
Agent Status Monitor.
2
Click Check New Policies.
The policy-checking activity is displayed in the McAfee Agent Monitor.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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8
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Sending properties to the McAfee ePO server
Sending properties to the McAfee ePO server
The agent can manually send properties to the McAfee ePO server from the managed system if
required before the next agent-server communication.
Task
1
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee system tray icon, then select McAfee Agent Status
Monitor.
2
Click Collect and Send Props. A record of the property collection activity is added to the list of activities
in the McAfee Agent Monitor.
Agent policy controls whether full or incremental properties are sent.
Sending events to the McAfee ePO server on-demand
You can force the agent to send events to the server on-demand from the managed system, instead of
waiting for the next agent-server communication.
There is only one event that's sent immediately, and that is when you uninstall the agent. All other
events are queued and sent as soon as possible.
Task
1
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee system tray icon, then select McAfee Agent Status
Monitor.
2
Click Send Events.
A record of the sending-events activity is added to the list of activities in the McAfee Agent Monitor.
This action sends all events to ePolicy Orchestrator regardless of severity.
Updates from the managed system
Security updates from a Windows managed system are possible, but the functionality is disabled by
default to control when updates occur.
If you want to allow Windows users to update all McAfee products on their managed systems, you
must enable this functionality. The icon cannot be used to update applications selectively. The user can
update all the items in the repository, or none of them.
When the user selects Update Security, all of the following items are updated with the contents of the
designated repository:
74
•
Patch releases
•
Legacy product plug-in (.DLL) files
•
Service pack releases
•
SuperDAT (SDAT*.EXE) packages
•
Supplemental detection definition (ExtraDAT) files
•
Detection definition (DAT) files
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Viewing version numbers and settings
•
Anti-virus engines
•
Managed-product signatures
8
Viewing version numbers and settings
Information about agent settings can be found on the managed system.
This is useful for troubleshooting when installing new agent versions, or to confirm that the installed
agent is the same version as the one displayed in the agent properties on the server.
Each installed point product provides information to the About dialog. The following information is
provided by the agent:
•
Agent version number
•
Current system mode (Managed, Unmanaged, or SuperAgent)
•
Date and time of Last security update check
•
Date and time of Last agent-server communication
•
Agent-server communication interval
•
Policy Enforcement Interval
•
Agent GUID
•
McAfee ePO server or Agent Handler DNS Name
•
McAfee ePO server or Agent Handler IP Address
•
McAfee ePO server or Agent Handler Port Number
Task
1
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee system tray icon.
2
Select About to view information about the agent.
Agent command-line options
Use the Command Agent tool to perform selected agent tasks from the managed system.
Different Command Agent tools are available for Windows, Unix based, and Macintosh Operating
systems.
•
Windows — CmdAgent.exe
•
Unix based and Macintosh — cmdagent
The Command Agent tool is installed on the managed system at the time of agent installation. Perform
this task locally on managed systems. It must be run within an Administrator command prompt.
The Command Agent tool file is located in the agent installation folder. By default, this location is:
•
Windows — C:\Program Files\McAfee\Common Framework
•
Unix based — /opt/McAfee/cma/bin
•
Macintosh —/Library/McAfee/cma/bin
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8
Running agent tasks from the managed system
Agent command-line options
Command-line options
Parameter Description
76
/C
Checks for new policies. The agent contacts the McAfee ePO server for new or updated
policies, then enforces them immediately upon receipt.
/E
Prompts the agent to enforce policies locally.
/P
Sends properties and events to the McAfee ePO server.
/S
Displays the Agent Monitor and its options.
/F
Forwards events from Unix based and Macintosh client systems to ePO server.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
9
Agent activity logs
The agent activity log files are useful for determining agent status or for troubleshooting. Two log files
record agent activity and are located in the agent installation folders on the managed system.
Contents
About the agent activity logs
Viewing the agent activity log from the managed system
Viewing the agent activity log from the McAfee ePO server
About the agent activity logs
The agent maintains two log files that track its actions.
Agent activity log
This log file records agent activity related to things such as policy enforcement, agent-server
communication, and event forwarding. You can define a size limit of this log file. On the Logging tab of
the McAfee Agent policy pages, you can configure the level of agent activity that is recorded.
The agent activity log is an XML file named agent_<system>.xml, where <system> is the NetBIOS
name of the system where the agent is installed.
Detailed agent activity log
The detailed activity log contains troubleshooting messages. This file has a 1 MB default size limit.
When this log file reaches 1 MB, a backup copy is made (agent_<system>_backup.log).
On Windows systems, the detailed agent activity log is named agent_<system>.log file, where
<system> is the NetBIOS name of the system on which the agent is installed.
On UNIX-based systems, the detailed log files are found in the folder /opt/McAfee/cma/scratch/etc
and they are named log, log.1, log.2,…, log.5. The higher the log number, the older the file.
Viewing the agent activity log from the managed system
The agent activity log can be seen on the client system using the Agent tray icon (McTray).
The agent icon is available in the system tray only if the Show McAfee
system tray icon (Windows only) policy is set in ePolicy Orchestrator on the
General tab of the McAfee Agent policy pages. If it is not visible, select
this option and apply it. When you finish viewing the log file content, you
can hide the icon again by deselecting the option and applying the change.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
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9
Agent activity logs
Viewing the agent activity log from the McAfee ePO server
Task
1
On the managed system, right-click the McAfee Agent icon in the system tray, then select McAfee
Agent Status Monitor.
2
If you want to save the contents of the agent activity log to a file, click Save Contents to Desktop.
A file called Agent_Monitor.log is saved on your desktop.
3
When finished viewing the agent activity log, click Close.
Viewing the agent activity log from the McAfee ePO server
You can view the agent activity log of a managed system from the McAfee ePO server.
Before you begin
Be sure that the McAfee Agent policy settings are set to the following:
•
Accept connections only from McAfee ePO server is deselected (McAfee Agent policy pages, General
tab).
•
Enable remote access to log is selected (McAfee Agent policy pages, Logging tab).
Task
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
78
1
Click Menu | Systems | System Tree, then select the system.
2
From the Actions drop-menu, select Agent, then select Show Agent Log.
3
To view the backup copy of the detailed log, click previous.
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
Index
A
ASCI (See agent-to-server communication interval) 62
about this guide 7
agent
command-line options 75
introduction to 11
maintenance 61
modes, converting 44
properties, viewing 65
removal methods 47, 48
removing from systems in query results 48
restoring a previous UNIX version 42
restoring a previous Windows version 41
settings, viewing 75
system requirements 15
tasks, running from managed systems 71
uninstalling 47
UNIX installation folder 21
upgrading with phased approach 40
user interface 71
wake-up calls 67
agent activity logs 77, 78
agent distribution
FrmInst.exe command-line 48
Agent Handlers
introduction to 11
agent installation
CmdAgent.exe 75
command-line options 24
creating custom packages 24
deployment methods 18
from an image 36
manually on Windows 29
on UNIX 34
on Windows via push technology 27
package, location of 23, 30
uninstalling 47
update packages 40
using login scripts 30
Agent Monitor 74
agent upgrade 39, 40
agent-server communication
interval, (ASCI) 36
Agent-to-server communication
about 61
B
best practices
agent-to-server communication interval 61
C
Command Agent tool (CmdAgent.exe) 75
command-line options
agent 75
agent installation 24
CmdAgent.exe 75
FrmInst.exe 48
conventions and icons used in this guide 7
credentials
required for agent installation 24
D
Data Execution Prevention 15
DEP, See Data Execution Prevention
deployment
installation, definition and methods 18
methods 18
push technology via 27
upgrading agents 40
documentation
audience for this guide 7
product-specific, finding 8
typographical conventions and icons 7
E
events
forwarding, agent configuration and 55
extension files
UNIX, agent package file name 34
F
FRAMEPKG.EXE 23
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
79
Index
G
global unique identifier (GUID)
duplicate 36
scheduling corrective action for duplicates 37
global updating
event forwarding and agent settings 55
groups
deleting from System Tree 47
GUID, See global unique identifier
I
icon, system tray, See system tray icon
inactive agents 68
install script (install.sh) options 35
installation folder
UNIX 21
L
languages
multiple, support for 17
Locale IDs, settings for installation 24
login scripts
install the agent via 30
M
Q
queries
removing agents in results of 48
R
managed mode
convert from unmanaged mode in Windows 44
convert from unmanaged mode on UNIX 45
convert from updater mode 44
managed systems
Agent-to-server communication 61
running an update task manually 73, 74
viewing agent activity log 77
McAfee ServicePortal, accessing 8
N
notifications
event forwarding and agent settings 55
O
operating systems
McAfee Agent and 15
P
packages
agent file name, for UNIX 34
creating custom for agent installation 24
passwords
installing agents, command-line options 75
policies
enforcing 73
update settings 73
80
policies (continued)
verifying changes 65
policies, McAfee Agent
options for policy pages 53
settings, about 53
product properties 69
properties
agent, viewing from the console 65
custom, for the agent 26
minimal vs. full 58
product 69
retrieving from managed systems 58
sending to ePO server 74
system 69
verifying policy changes 65
proxy settings
agent policies 57
configuring for the agent 57
push technology
initial agent deployment via 27
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
removal
agent, from UNIX systems 48
repositories
selecting a source for updates 55
requirements
operating systems 15
processors 15
S
scripts, login for agent installation 30
ServicePortal, finding product documentation 8
SPIPE 61
status
security 71
SuperAgents
introduction to 11
wake-up calls 63, 67
wake-up calls to System Tree groups 67
supported languages 17
system requirements 15
system tray icon
allow users to update from 72
options 71
security status 71
using 71
visibility 72
Index
System Tree
deleting systems from 47
groups and manual wake-up calls 67
removing agents 47
removing agents from systems 47
systems
properties 69
T
Technical Support, finding product information 8
troubleshooting
upgrading agents by group 40
verifying properties of agent and products 65
U
uninstallation
agent, from UNIX systems 48
UNIX
agent installation folder 21
agent package file name 34
converting from managed to unmanaged mode 46
converting from unmanaged to managed mode 45
installing the agent on 34
uninstalling the agent from 48
unmanaged mode
convert to managed mode in Windows 44
convert to managed mode on UNIX 45
updater mode
convert to managed mode in Windows 44
updater mode (continued)
convert to managed mode on UNIX 45
updates
agent installation packages 40
allow users via system tray icon 72
for selected systems 59
running tasks manually 73, 74
security 71
upgrading agents 40
updating
global, event forwarding and agent settings 55
manually 73, 74
user accounts
credentials for agent installation 24
user interface, agent 71
W
wake-up calls
about 63
manual 67
SuperAgents and 63, 67
tasks 63
to System Tree groups 67
Windows
converting agent mode 44
running a manual update 73
McAfee® Agent 4.6.0 Product Guide
81
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