87075_2.book Page 1 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
SmartPilot X5
Tiller & GP Tiller
Installation & Setup
Guide
Document reference: 87075- 2
Date: November 2007
87075_2.book Page 2 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
SeaTalk is a registered trademark of Raymarine Ltd.
Raymarine, SeaTalkng, SmartPilot, AutoLearn, AutoRelease, AutoTack, AutoTrim, GyroPlus and WindTrim are trademarks of
Raymarine Ltd
© Handbook contents copyright Raymarine plc
87075_2.book Page i Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
i
Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................v
Safety notices .......................................................................................................... v
EMC Conformance .................................................................................................. v
Limitations on pressure washing .............................................................................. v
Product documents ..................................................................................................vi
Warranty ..................................................................................................................vi
Product disposal ......................................................................................................vi
Chapter 1:Installation and system overviews ................................................... 1
1.1 Installation overview ...................................................................................... 1
Planning ......................................................................................................... 1
Installing ......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Safe and successful installation ..................................................................... 1
Certified installation ........................................................................................ 1
Getting assistance .......................................................................................... 1
1.3 System overviews .......................................................................................... 2
Marine electronics systems ............................................................................ 2
Example SeaTalk system ......................................................................... 3
1.4 Equipment & Tools ......................................................................................... 4
Parts supplied................................................................................................. 4
Tools and equipment NOT supplied ................................................................ 5
Tools: ........................................................................................................ 5
Cables / equipment ................................................................................... 5
Accessories.................................................................................................... 5
1.5 Create a schematic diagram .......................................................................... 6
Chapter 2:Installing the system ............................................................................. 7
2.1 Installation precautions .................................................................................. 7
EMC installation guidelines............................................................................. 7
Remember ................................................................................................ 7
Suppression ferrites.................................................................................... 8
Connections to other equipment................................................................. 8
Compass..................................................................................................... 8
2.2 General cabling guidelines ............................................................................. 8
Power cable requirement................................................................................ 8
2.3 SPX-5 Tiller system Course Computer ........................................................... 9
Mounting ........................................................................................................ 9
X-5 connection overview................................................................................11
2.4 Install the Tiller Drive .....................................................................................11
Drive type ......................................................................................................11
Mounting requirements..................................................................................11
Drive unit position ..................................................................................... 11
Step 1 - Mount the Tiller Drive ....................................................................... 13
Step 2 - Install the socket .............................................................................. 15
Cable requirement........................................................................................ 15
Fitting socket ................................................................................................ 15
87075_2.book Page ii Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
ii
SPX-5 Pilot Series Operating Guide
2.5 Adapting the installation ............................................................................... 16
Pushrod extension........................................................................................ 16
Pushrod mounting ........................................................................................ 16
Cantilever socket ...................................................................................... 16
Pedestal socket ........................................................................................ 17
Tiller brackets ............................................................................................... 18
2.6 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course Computer ........................... 19
Power supply ................................................................................................ 19
Circuit breaker/fuse................................................................................... 19
Cable ........................................................................................................ 19
Connection procedure .................................................................................. 20
2.7 Fluxgate compass ........................................................................................ 21
Compass mounting....................................................................................... 21
Location .................................................................................................... 21
Mounting procedure .................................................................................. 21
Compass connection .................................................................................... 22
2.8 Pilot Controller ............................................................................................. 23
Fitting ........................................................................................................ 23
Connecting to SeaTalk.................................................................................. 23
SeaTalk power connections...................................................................... 23
2.9 Connect to ground ....................................................................................... 25
2.10Optional connections .................................................................................. 26
Rudder reference.......................................................................................... 26
SeaTalkng Connections................................................................................ 27
SeaTalkng power ...................................................................................... 27
See also .................................................................................................... 27
NMEA 0183 equipment................................................................................. 28
Data bridging ............................................................................................ 28
NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers’ equipment...................... 28
2.11Final checks ................................................................................................ 29
Secure all cables .......................................................................................... 29
2.12Commission the system before use ............................................................ 29
Chapter 3:Commissioning & setup ...................................................................... 31
Requirement................................................................................................. 31
3.1 Commissioning ............................................................................................ 31
Dockside checks & setup.............................................................................. 31
Switching on ............................................................................................. 31
Check SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections .......................................... 32
SeaTalk instruments ................................................................................32
SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter .................................................32
Other NMEA 0183 connections ..............................................................32
Checking autopilot operating sense.......................................................... 32
Setting the vessel and drive type .............................................................. 33
Set the vessel type ..................................................................................34
Set the drive type .....................................................................................34
Align the rudder indicator .......................................................................... 34
Set the rudder limits .................................................................................. 34
Save the new settings............................................................................... 35
Seatrial calibration ........................................................................................ 35
Important................................................................................................... 35
Seatrial conditions .................................................................................... 35
87075_2.book Page iii Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Contents
iii
Compass calibration ................................................................................. 35
Swinging the compass ............................................................................ 35
Aligning the compass heading ................................................................ 37
AutoLearn ................................................................................................. 38
Commissioning complete ............................................................................. 40
3.2 Manual setup ............................................................................................... 40
Checking SPX-5 Tiller system operation....................................................... 40
Response level............................................................................................. 41
Rudder gain.................................................................................................. 41
Counter rudder ............................................................................................. 42
Checking................................................................................................... 42
Adjusting ................................................................................................... 42
AutoTrim....................................................................................................... 43
Adjusting ................................................................................................... 43
Chapter 4:SPX-5 Tiller system settings ............................................................. 45
4.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 45
Calibration modes ........................................................................................ 45
Display calibration..................................................................................... 45
User calibration......................................................................................... 45
Seatrial calibration .................................................................................... 45
Dealer calibration...................................................................................... 45
Accessing the Calibration modes.................................................................. 46
Adjusting calibration values .......................................................................... 46
4.2 Display calibration ........................................................................................ 47
RUDD BAR screen ....................................................................................... 47
HDG screen.................................................................................................. 47
Data pages .................................................................................................. 47
Setting up data pages............................................................................... 48
4.3 User calibration ........................................................................................... 49
AutoTack ...................................................................................................... 50
Setting default AutoTack angle................................................................. 50
Selecting Relative Tack ............................................................................ 50
Gybe inhibit .................................................................................................. 50
Wind selection .............................................................................................. 50
WindTrim ...................................................................................................... 51
Response level............................................................................................. 51
4.4 Dealer calibration ......................................................................................... 51
Seatrial calibration lock ................................................................................ 52
Vessel type .................................................................................................. 52
Drive type ..................................................................................................... 53
Align rudder .................................................................................................. 53
Rudder limit .................................................................................................. 53
Rudder gain ................................................................................................. 53
Counter rudder ............................................................................................. 53
Rudder damping ........................................................................................... 54
AutoTrim ...................................................................................................... 54
Response level ............................................................................................ 54
Turn rate limit ................................................................................................ 55
Off course angle ........................................................................................... 55
87075_2.book Page iv Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
iv
SPX-5 Pilot Series Operating Guide
AutoTack angle ............................................................................................. 55
Gybe inhibit................................................................................................... 56
Wind selection .............................................................................................. 56
WindTrim ..................................................................................................... 56
PowerSteer................................................................................................... 56
Cruise speed ................................................................................................ 57
Latitude ........................................................................................................ 57
System reset................................................................................................. 57
4.5 System defaults ........................................................................................... 58
Appendix 1:NMEA 0183 sentences .................................................................... 59
NMEA0183 to Course Computer .................................................................. 59
NMEA0183 from Course Computer .............................................................. 59
Appendix 2:SPX-5 Tiller system specifications .............................................. 61
Course Computer ...................................................................................................61
Tiller Drive ..............................................................................................................62
Pilot Controller (ST6002) ........................................................................................63
Index.............................................................................................................................. 65
Tiller Drive socket template
87075_2.book Page v Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Preface
v
Preface
Contents
Safety notices
WARNING: Product installation & operation
This equipment must be installed, commissioned and operated
in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided.
Failure to do so could result in personal injury, damage to your
boat and/or poor product performance.
WARNING: Switch off power supply
Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you
start installing this product.
WARNING: Navigational safety
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
reliable, many factors can affect its performance. Therefore, it
should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never
replace commonsense and navigational judgement. Always
maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations
as they develop.
EMC Conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
standards for use in the recreational marine environment. Their design and
manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
compromised.
Limitations on pressure washing
CAUTION: Do not pressure wash Raymarine products
Raymarine products must NOT be subjected to water pressures in
excess of CFR46 / IPX6 standards (for example, as generated by
commercial high pressure washing equipment). Products subjected
to water at these high pressures may experience water intrusion and
subsequent failure.
Raymarine products are waterproofed to CFR46 / IPX6 standards, which means that
when installed and operated in accordance with the appropriate product
documentation, they can be used in most weather and sea conditions. However, any
exposure to high-pressure water that exceeds the CFR46 / IPX6 standards, on or
around Raymarine products will invalidate the warranty for those products.
87075_2.book Page vi Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
vi
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Product documents
This document is part of a series of books associated with the SPX-5 Tiller system.
Documents can be downloaded from www.raymarine.com/handbooks.
Title
Part number
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller and GP Tiller Operating Guide
81303
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller and GP Tiller Installation and Setup Guide
87075
ST6002 Controller installation sheet
87058
ST6002 SmartPilot Controller - Tiller Quick Reference Guide
86131
Fluxgate compass installation sheet
87011
Warranty Booklet
80017
To the best of our knowledge, the information in the product documents was correct
when they went to press. However, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions in product documents.
In addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications
without notice. Therefore, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences
between the product and the accompanying documents.
Warranty
To register your new Raymarine product, please take a few minutes to fill out the
warranty card. It is important that you complete the owner information and return the
card to us to receive full warranty benefits. You can also register online at
www.raymarine.com by following the Login or create an account link.
Product disposal
Waste Electrical and Electronic (WEEE) Directive
The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic
equipment is recycled.
Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol (illustrated above)
must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill, but in accordance with local
regulations for such products.
Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products, we support
its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such
products.
Please contact your local dealer, national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
for information on product disposal.
87075_2.book Page 1 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
1
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network configurations
for an SPX-5 Tiller system.
1.1 Installation overview
There are two stages to installing an SPX-5 Tiller system, namely planning the
installation, then installing and mounting the components.
It is important to carry out the planning stage, to ensure that all components used in
the system, including cables and accessories, are correctly specified and located.
The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage.
Planning
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Understand your system.
Check equipment supplied.
Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment.
Plan cabling and connections.
Produce a schematic diagram.
Installing
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Mount SPX-5 Course Computer.
Install Tiller Drive unit.
Install the autopilot controller.
Install the compass.
Connect power cables and system ground.
Connect additional equipment / cables to the Course Computer.
Final fix: secure all equipment in place; secure all cables.
1.2 Safe and successful installation
To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX-5 Tiller system, installation
must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the
instructions in this guide.
Certified installation
Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer. A
certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits. Contact your
Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty card packed
with your product.
Getting assistance
If you need further assistance with an installation, contact your dealer or visit the
Raymarine web site www.raymarine.com.
87075_2.book Page 2 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
2
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
1.3 System overviews
The SPX-5 Tiller system consists of a number of components connected together
using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus.
SPX-5 Tiller system - key components
Course Computer
Drive unit
ST6002 Pilot Controller
Fluxgate
compass
D10510-1
Marine electronics systems
The autopilot may form part of your wider ships electronics system. It may be
connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols,
including:
•
•
•
SeaTalk.
SeaTalkng
NMEA 0183
87075_2.book Page 3 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
3
Example SeaTalk system
SeaTalk allows connection of compatible instruments and equipment though a
dedicated data bus. This allows information sharing around the ships electronics
system.
SeaTalk
cable
ST6002
SmartController
ST60+ speed
instrument
ST60+ depth
instrument
ST6002
SmartController
SeaTalk
cable
SeaTalk
cable
SeaTalk
cable
SeaTalk
cable
GPS
Depth
transducer
Speed
transducer
SeaTalk
3-way block
Course computer
12 V dc
SeaTalk or NMEA
SeaTalk cable, carries:
- 12V power from Course computer
- Data to and from Course computer
D10628-1
87075_2.book Page 4 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
4
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
1.4 Equipment & Tools
Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install
your system.
Parts supplied
Finger
Nut (x2)
Stud (x2)
Panel Seal
SmartPilot
ST6002
Controller
Course
Computer
Sun Cover
Cable tie
No 8 x 3/4 inch
Pan head screw (x3)
Cable clip
and screw,
No 6 x 1/2 in
Connectors
Plug
SeaTalk Cable
Tiller drive
Socket screw
No 4 x 3/4 in (x2)
Socket
Mounting
socket
Fluxgate compass
with 8 m (26 ft) cable
Bracket screw,
No 10 x 3/4 in (x4)
6 mm drill bit
4 mm drill bit
User documents
in wallet
D10615-1
Compass
warning label
Tiller
pin
87075_2.book Page 5 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
Tools and equipment NOT supplied
You will need to supply the following equipment and tools:
Tools:
• Drill
• 2.5 mm (3/32"), 6 mm(1/4"), 12.5 mm (1/2"), 18 mm (23/32") drill bits
• Two-part epoxy (Araldite) adhesive
• Cross-head/pozi-drive screwdriver
• Slotted-head screwdriver
Cables / equipment
• Power cable and fuse/breaker. See page 19.
• Additional data cables (e.g. for connection of GPS or chartplotter)
• Grounding braid. See page 25.
Accessories
The following accessories may be used to adapt the tiller drive mounting to suit
different installation requirements. See Adapting the installation on page 16.
Part Number
Description
D001
Tiller Pin (package of 5)
D002
Mounting Socket (package of 5)
D003
Pushrod Extension 25 mm (1")
D004
Pushrod Extension 51 mm (2")
D005
Pushrod Extension 76 mm (3")
D006
Pushrod Extension 102 mm (4")
D007
Pushrod Extension 127 mm (5")
D009
Tiller Bracket 25 mm (1")
D010
Tiller Bracket 51 mm (2")
D011
Tiller Bracket 76 mm (3")
D014
Small threaded tiller pin 25 mm (1")
D014
Small Thread Tiller Pin (package of 5)
D020
Extra length tiller pin 71 mm (2.8”)
D021
Extra length threaded tiller pin 71 mm (2.8”)
D026
Pedestal Socket 38 mm (1.5")
D027
Pedestal Socket 51 mm (2")
D028
Pedestal Socket 64 mm (2.5")
5
87075_2.book Page 6 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
6
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Part Number
Description
D029
Pedestal Socket 76 mm (3")
D030
Pedestal Socket 89 mm (3.5")
D031
Cantilever Socket
D159
Tiller Bracket 102 mm (4")
D160
Tiller Bracket 127 mm (5")
1.5 Create a schematic diagram
As part of the preparation for installing your SPX-5 Tiller system, we recommend that
you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install. This will
help ensure that you install a safe optimum system, and so is particularly important if
you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment.
The schematic diagram should include:
• Location of all components. See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may
affect the location of specific components.
• Connectors, cable types, routes and lengths.
When you have completed the schematic diagram, you are ready to begin installing
the SPX-5 Tiller system.
87075_2.book Page 7 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
7
Chapter 2: Installing the system
Before proceeding with the installation you should have the following to hand:
• All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX-5 Tiller system..
• The correct type and length of power cable.
• Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections.
You should also check that existing marine electronics, such as the GPS are installed
and working.
2.1 Installation precautions
WARNING: Install at dockside
For safety reasons your boat must be at dockside before
commencing installation.
CAUTION: Switch off power supply
Switch off the power supply before you start installing this product.
EMC installation guidelines
Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC) regulations. This minimizes electromagnetic interference
between equipment, which could otherwise affect the performance of your system.
Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised.
For optimum EMC performance, we recommend that:
• Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are:
i. At least 3 ft (1 m) from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio signals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased to 7 ft (2 m).
ii. More than 7 ft (2 m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam can normally
be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element.
• The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start.
This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the
engine start does not have a separate battery.
• Raymarine specified cables are used.
• Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation
manual.
Remember
Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above recommendations:
• Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of
electrical equipment. This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance
for the installation.
87075_2.book Page 8 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
8
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Suppression ferrites
Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites. These are important for
correct EMC performance. Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be
replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete.
•
Use only ferrites of the correct type, supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers.
Connections to other equipment
If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not
supplied by Raymarine, a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached
to the cable near the Raymarine unit.
Compass
The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of
interference including engines and VHF radio waves. To ensure optimum operation it
is essential to locate the compass correctly.
2.2 General cabling guidelines
•
•
•
•
•
Do not mix ac and dc cables.
Adhere to EMC guidelines (see page 7).
Use Copex conduit where appropriate to protect cables.
Label all cables for easy identification
Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables.
Power cable requirement
An overview of the power cables is given in the following illustration.
Tiller Drive
unit
Cable C
Distribution
panel
Cable A
Course
Computer
Cable B
D10624-1
87075_2.book Page 9 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
9
CAUTION: Power cable
Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power
supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX-5 Tiller
system to malfunction. Ensure the correct cable size is used. If in
doubt, use a heavier gauge cable.
The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit.
That is the total length of Cable A + Cable B + Cable C.
The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following
table.
Total cable length (A + B + C) Copper area
AWG
Up to 2.5 m (8 ft)
1.0 mm2
18
Up to 4.0 m (13 ft)
1.5 mm2
16
Up to 6.0 m (22 ft)
2.5 mm2
14
2.3 SPX-5 Tiller system Course Computer
Mounting
The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface, free from
vibration.
10° 10°
°C
°F
Max 55
130
Min-10
14
D10629-1
or
87075_2.book Page 10 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
M
VE OUN
RT T
ICA
LLY
170 mm (6.7 in)
10
237 mm (9.33 in)
56 mm
(2.2 in)
D10375-1
87075_2.book Page 11 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
11
X-5 connection overview
The X-5 course computer provides the following system connections.
SeaTalk fuse
(2 A)
Power fuse
(10 A)
2
10
Note: Spare fuses
are located in the
connector cover
A
Fluxgate
compass inputs
NMEA 0183
input/ouput
Rudder position
sensor inputs
SeaTalk
inputs/outputs
SeaTalkng
inputs/outputs
Power
inputs
(12 V)
B
RF ground
connection
Drive motor
outputs
D10374-1
2.4 Install the Tiller Drive
Drive type
The correct Tiller drive unit type is dependent on the fully laden displacement of the
vessel.
• For vessels up to 6 tonnes fully laden displacement, use the standard tiller drive.
• For vessels up to 7.5 tonnes fully laden displacement, use the GP tiller drive.
Note: The actual laden displacement for a vessel can be up to 20% greater than the manufac-
turer’s published displacement figures.
Mounting requirements
The Tiller Drive must be mounted:
• Horizontally
• So that when the tiller is centered, the drive axis is at 90 degrees to the tiller axis.
Drive unit position
The tiller pin and drive socket can be mounted between 356 mm and 457 mm (14” 18”) from the centre of the rudder stock.
For quicker rudder response in vessels requiring faster turn rates (e.g. lighter
displacement vessels), install the tiller pin and drive pedestal closer to the rudder
stock, to a minimum of 356 mm (14").
87075_2.book Page 12 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
12
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Use the following table to determine the required position for your vessel.
Drive pin
distance from
rudder stock
Max degrees of
helm (with pilot
engaged)
Rate of helm
change
Force at rudder
457 mm (18”)
standard distance
31º
8 º per second
84 kgf
432 mm (17”)
33º
8 º per second
79 kgf
406 mm (16”)
35º
9 º per second
75 kgf
381 mm (15”)
37º
9 º per second
70 kgf
356 mm (14”)
39º
10 º per second
65 kgf
The Tiller drive mounting arrangement is shown in the following illustration. In the
following, dimension A represents the required distance between the tiller pin and the
center of the rudder stock, as determined from the above information.
Dimension A
o
90
620mm (24.5")
Dimension A
620mm (24.5")
o
90
620mm (24.5")
D10649-1
620mm (24.5")
87075_2.book Page 13 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
13
If you need to adapt the standard installation, refer to Adapting the installation on
page 16 for adaptation options.
Step 1 - Mount the Tiller Drive
Use this procedure when neither accessories or adaptation of the drive unit position
are required.
1. Securely clamp the tiller, mark the pin position and drill the 6 mm (1/4”) hole.
2. Fix the pin in position using a two-part epoxy adhesive.
3. Check the shoulder height of the pin.
2.
ns
ion
A
1.
Di
me
Two part
epoxy
adhesive
to fix tiller
pin in
place
6 mm
(0.25 in)
12.5 mm
(0.5 in)
3.
Allow epoxy to fully harden
before applying load.
D10705-1
12.5 mm
(0.5 in)
4. Mark the socket position and drill a 6 mm (1/4“) pilot hole to check the thickness of
the structure. If this is less than 25 mm, reinforce with plywood and bond into
position. Once this has cured, open up the hole diameter to 12.5 mm (1/2”).
5. Fix the socket in position using a two-part epoxy adhesive.
6. Once the epoxy has fully hardened, fit the tiller drive
87075_2.book Page 14 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
14
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
.
4.
nA
620 m
sio
m (24
n
me
Di
.5 in)
12.5 mm
(1/2 in)
25mm
(1.0 in)
5.
D10706-1
6.
Two part
epoxy adhesive
to fix mounting
socket in place
87075_2.book Page 15 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
15
Step 2 - Install the socket
Cable requirement
CAUTION: Power cable
Using an incorrect size of power cable could cause your SPX-5 Tiller
system to malfunction and reduce the power supplied to the drive
unit. Ensure the correct size is used. If in doubt, use a heavier gauge
cable.
Measure the distance between the intended location of the Tiller Drive socket and the
Course Computer, then use the information under Power cable requirement on
page 8, to determine the correct cable to use to connect power, from the Course
Computer to the Tiller drive.
Fitting socket
1. Cut-out and tape the template supplied at the end of this book, to the bulkhead in
the required position.
Rear of socket
Terminal
identification
stripes
Drive (blue)
3 stripe terminal
Drive (brown)
2 stripe terminal
To the
Course Computer
6. Using the two self-tapping screws, secure the socket to the bulkhead.
7. Route the free end of the cable to the Course Computer. Secure the cable as
necessary at regular intervals along the route.
D10621-1
2. Drill a 18 mm (23/32”) clearance hole and two 2.5 mm (3/32”) pilot holes.
3. Lift off the template and remove any burrs or sharp edges.
4. Obtain a suitable length of cable as described above and feed one end through
the 18 mm hole in the bulkhead.
5. Connect each wire to the correct terminal on the socket, as in the following
illustration.
87075_2.book Page 16 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
16
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
2.5 Adapting the installation
Note: Refer to Accessories on page
5 for details of parts available to adapt your installation.
Pushrod extension
Referring to the following illustration, if dimension C is greater than 620 mm (24.5”),
use a pushrod extension.
C
D10652-1
L
To use a pushrod extension:
1. Select a pushrod extension with a length L nearest to C - 620 mm (24.5”).
2. Unscrew the pushrod end cap.
3. Screw on the pushrod extension.
4. Screw the pushrod end cap onto the pushrod extension.
Pushrod mounting
Cantilever socket
Use the cantilever socket if you need to attach the tiller drive to a vertical face such as
the cockpit sidewall.
F
D10653-1
L
87075_2.book Page 17 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
17
To use the cantilever socket:
1. Use a hacksaw to cut the rod to length L = F - 635 mm (25”).
2. Assemble the mounting ring, rod and socket.
3. With the drive horizontal mark the location of the mounting ring and its holes.
4. Drill three 6 mm (1/4”) diameter clearance holes at the marked positions.
5. Apply a thin coat of silicone sealant to the base of the mounting ring.
6. Use three 6 mm (1/4”) diameter bolts, nuts and washers to attach the mounting
ring and backing plate
7. Roughen the end of the rod and inside of the socket to provide a key. Then apply
two-part epoxy adhesive to the rod end and cap.
8. Place the cap over the rod end, making sure the hole faces upwards. Allow the
adhesive to harden fully before applying a load.
Note: Note: When the autopilot is not in use, you can unscrew the complete rod assembly to
leave the cockpit unobstructed
Pedestal socket
Use the pedestal socket if you need to raise the height of the socket to make the tiller
drive horizontal.
L
D8817_!
G
To use a pedestal socket:
1. Select a socket assembly with a length L, nearest to G -38 mm (1.5”).
2. With the drive assembled, and the socket positioned 460 mm (24.5”) from the tiller
axis mark the location of the mounting ring and holes.
3. Drill three 6 mm (1/4”) diameter clearance holes at the marked positions.
4. Apply a thin coat of silicone sealant to the base of the mounting ring.
5. Use three 6 mm (1/4”) diameter bolts, nuts and washers to attach the mounting
ring and backing plate
Note: Note: When the autopilot is not in use, you can unscrew the complete rod assembly to
leave the cockpit unobstructed
87075_2.book Page 18 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
18
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Tiller brackets
If the tiller is higher or lower than the mounting socket, use a tiller bracket to vary the
tiller pin height so the drive is horizontal.
D8813_1
D
D8814_1
E
If the drive is below the tiller, bracket size equals dimension D.
If the drive is above the tiller; bracket size equals dimension E - 25 mm (1”).
To use a tiller bracket:
1. Place the tiller bracket on the center line of the tiller (above or below) and establish
the correct position.
2. Mark the centers of the bracket mounting holes.
87075_2.book Page 19 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
19
3. Drill two 6 mm (1/4”) diameter clearance holes through the center line of the tiller
at the positions marked.
4. Attach the tiller bracket using two 6 mm (1/4“) diameter bolts, nuts and washers.
5. Fix the bolts in position using two-part epoxy adhesive.
6. When the epoxy is completely hardened, fully tighten the nuts.
m
7m
(18
in)
45
D8815_2
90 degrees
2.6 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course
Computer
Power supply
The SPX-5 Tiller system needs a 12 V dc supply.
CAUTION: Ensure correct supply voltage
Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer, or damage to the
product could occur.
Circuit breaker/fuse
Protect the power supply for the SPX-5 Tiller system with a 10 A fuse or circuit
breaker.
Cable
Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8, obtain the
required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boat’s distribution
panel to the Course Computer.
87075_2.book Page 20 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
20
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Connection procedure
A
Brown
Red
B
Blue
Black
Distribution
panel
Drive unit
Fuse or
circuit
breaker
Power supply
D10622-1
At the Course Computer, locate the free ends of the power cable from the distribution
panel and Tiller Drive cable. Ensuring all power is switched off, refer to the following
illustration and connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as
follows:
1. Strip 8-10 mm (1/2 inch) of insulation from the end of each wire.
2. Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block.
3. Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals and tighten the screw.
87075_2.book Page 21 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
21
2.7 Fluxgate compass
Note: If you intend using a separate NMEA compass, do not connect the Fluxgate Compass
supplied with your X-5 Tiller system. Instead, connect the NMEA compass to the NMEA input on
the SPX-5 Tiller system.
Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass.
After fitting the Fluxgate Compass, ensure you affix the compass safe area label
adjacent to the Fluxgate Compass.
The compass contains a self-levelling mechanism. This enables the compass to
provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to +/- 35°.
Note: When shaken, the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound. This is entirely normal and
is not a cause for concern.
Compass mounting
Location
To achieve the best performance, mount your compass:
• With the Raymarine logo facing the bow.
• As close as possible to the boat’s pitch and roll center.
• At least 2ft 6 in (0.8 m) away from your boat’s steering compass to avoid deviation
of both compasses.
• As far away as possible from large iron masses, such as the engine or other
magnetic devices.
D10538-1
Note: To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence, tape a hand-
held compass to the chosen location, then turn the boat through 360°. The readings on the handheld compass and your boat’s main steering compass (if accurately aligned) should not differ by
more than10° at any heading.
Mounting procedure
1. Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead, with the cable leaving at the
bottom of the unit.
2. Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass, where it is clearly visible.
87075_2.book Page 22 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
22
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Ver
tica
l
D10618-1
Compass connection
Route the compass cable to the Course Computer, securing it at regular intervals with
suitable cable clips/ties.
Connect to the Course Computer as in the following illustration.
Screen
Green
Red
Yellow
Blue
Cable, 8 metres (26 ft)
Fluxgate compass
D10388-1
87075_2.book Page 23 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
23
2.8 Pilot Controller
Fitting
The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 9 m cable for connection to the
SeaTalk bus. Ensure that your mounting location is within 9 m of a suitable connection
point. You may purchase a longer cable if required.
Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet.
Connecting to SeaTalk
The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer, as shown in
following diagram.
:
Pilot Controller
Red
Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk
is to be powered from Course
Computer. See SeaTalk power
connections below, for details.
Yellow
Screen
SeaTalk
D10619-1
Note: You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru-
ment
SeaTalk power connections
The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied
to SeaTalk:
• If power is supplied by the Course Computer, connect the red and yellow wires
and the screen to the Course Computer.
• If power is supplied from an external source, connect only the yellow wire and the
screen to the Course Computer. Do NOT connect the red wire.
87075_2.book Page 24 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
24
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer
Yellow
Red
SeaTalk
Course Computer
Pilot
Controller
SeaTalk instruments
Screen
SeaTalk
D10644-1
SeaTalk power supplied externally
SeaTalk
Course Computer
Pilot
Controller
SeaTalk instruments
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
Yellow
Do not connect red wire
(Cut back and insulate)
Screen
SeaTalk 12 V power supply
(via breaker/fuse)
D10645-1
87075_2.book Page 25 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
25
2.9 Connect to ground
CAUTION: Grounding
SPX-5 Tiller system ground MUST be connected to ship’s ground.
Failure to connect to ship’s ground may cause it, or other on-board
electronics to malfunction.
To ground your SPX-5 Tiller system:
• Use a dedicated earthing plate (e.g. dynaplate) in contact with the water.
• Use flat tinned copper braid, 30 A rating (1/4 inch) or greater. Equivalent stranded
wire diameter 4mm or greater
• Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible.
Note: If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega-
tive pole of the battery (ideally at the battery itself).
Course computer
A
Boat's ground
connection
B
Preferred grounding
method
Boat's battery
D10608-1
Alternative grounding
method
87075_2.book Page 26 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
26
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
2.10Optional connections
Rudder reference
An optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide an accurate display of
the rudder angle. If you have the optional rudder reference transducer, connect it to
the course computer as shown.
Screen
Red
Blue
Green
Rudder transducer
D10393-1
87075_2.book Page 27 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
27
SeaTalkng Connections
To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone, use a dedicated spur cable. Spur
cables are available from your Raymarine dealer, as follows:
SeaTalkng spur cable length
Part number
1 ft 3 in (400 mm)
A06038,
3 ft 3 in (1 m)
A06039
9 ft 10 in (3 m)
A06040
16 ft 4 in (5 m)
A06041
A
Screen
Black
Red
White
B
Blue
Yellow
SeaTalkng spur cable
D10394-1
ng
SeaTalk power
The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng. A SeaTalkng system
must be powered from its own separate power supply.
See also
For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the SeaTalkng Reference Manual
available from the Raymarine web site. www.raymarine.com/handbooks.
87075_2.book Page 28 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
28
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
NMEA 0183 equipment
The SPX-5 Tiller system can connect to NMEA devices such as a GPS or chartplotter.
+ve
IN
-ve
IN
+ve
OUT
-ve
OUT
+ve
OUT
-ve
OUT
+ve
IN
-ve
IN
Screen not connected
NMEA DEVICE
D10539-1
Data bridging
The SPX-5 Tiller system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA, allowing
NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information.
For example, the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a
SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display.
NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers’ equipment
•
•
•
When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a nonRaymarine cable, you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the
cable near to the Raymarine unit.
When connecting third party equipment refer to the manufacturer’s instructions
for cable details.
You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course
Computer NMEA input.
87075_2.book Page 29 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 2: Installing the system
29
2.11Final checks
When you have completed all necessary installation procedures, but before you
apply power to the system, ensure all equipment and connections are properly
secured.
Secure all cables
To prevent strain on the connector blocks, secure the cables to the Course Computer
with cable ties as shown below.
D10396-1
2.12Commission the system before use
The SPX-5 Tiller system must be commissioned prior to use, in accordance with the
instructions in Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup. For new systems this involves
calibrating the system, which is a safety-critical action.
87075_2.book Page 30 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
30
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
87075_2.book Page 31 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
31
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine
SPX-5 Tiller system.
Requirement
The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after
installation, before the SPX-5 Tiller system is used to steer the boat.
Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX-5 Tiller
system for optimum performance with your boat. They are not mandatory and you
may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX-5 Tiller system operates to your
satisfaction after commissioning.
When commissioning and setting up the SPX-5 Tiller system, use the supplied
ST6002 controller (Pilot Controller):
• standby & auto select the required operating mode.
• +1, -1, +10 & -10 initiate course changes.
• disp & track provide access to extended functions.
Note: The system is also compatible with ST7002, ST8002 and ST70 Pilot Controllers
3.1 Commissioning
The commissioning process comprises:
• Dockside checks &setup.
• Seatrial calibration.
Dockside checks & setup
The dockside checks comprise:
1. Switching on.
2. Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections.
3. Checking autopilot steering sense.
4. Setting vessel type and drive type
5. Setting rudder limits, if rudder reference option fitted.
With the boat safely tied up, carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures
before any trials at sea or other setup procedures.
Switching on
1. Observing the Tiller drive unit, switch on the main power breaker. If the Tiller drive
moves, switch off the power immediately, then ensure the system wiring is correct
2. When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up, the controller.
will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds, before showing the
STANDBY screen.
A CALIBRATE REQUIRED message may be displayed. This indicates that the
autopilot commissioning is not yet complete.
3. Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading.
87075_2.book Page 32 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
32
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
TRUE
D10524-1
Check SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections
SeaTalk instruments
If you have connected the Pilot Controller to other SeaTalk instruments or controllers:
1. Select display lighting level 3 (LAMP 3) on one of the other SeaTalk instruments or
controllers.
2. Check that the Pilot Controller display lights are on. If the lights are not on, check
the SeaTalk cabling between the Pilot Controller and the other units.
SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter
If you have connected the SPX-5 Tiller system to a chartplotter or GPS (e.g. via
NMEA0183 or SeaTalk), check the links by displaying the default navigation data
pages on the Pilot Controller. To do this:
1. Press disp to display the first data page (XTE), and check that this page shows the
expected data.
2. Press disp again to check each successive data page (BTW, DTW etc).
If the display shows dashes instead of expected data values, ensure:
• The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting an active waypoint.
• The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format.
• There is not a cabling error. Check for open circuit, short circuit or reversed
connections.
Other NMEA 0183 connections
To check other NMEA connections, you will need to set up the appropriate page of
data using Display calibration mode. See page 47.
For details of supported NMEA sentences, seeAppendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences.
Checking autopilot operating sense
1. Manually center the tiller, then press auto (so the SPX-5 Tiller system is in Auto
mode), then check that the display shows AUTO.
Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hard over.
2. Press +10 once.
3. Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops.
If the rudder drives hard over, immediately press standby to prevent further rudder movement.
87075_2.book Page 33 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
33
D10646-1
4. If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over:
i. Press standby.
ii. Turn off the power.
iii. Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX-5 Tiller system computer.
iv. Switch on the power and re-check.
Note: If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth, increase
the rudder damping level manually (See page 54).
Setting the vessel and drive type
in order to set up the vessel type and drive type, you need to enter the Dealer
calibration mode.
WARNING: Use Dealer calibration correctly
Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair SPX-5
Tiller system performance and therefore adversely affect the
steering capability. Do not change Dealer calibration settings
other than as described in the product documentation.
To enter the Dealer calibration mode:
1. Ensure the autopilot is in Standby mode.
2. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode.
3. When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL, press disp until the DEALER CAL screen
is displayed.
4. Press auto. The display will change to CAL?.
5. Press -1 and +1 together to enter Dealer calibration.
2 sec
At the CAL ? screen, press
x3
-1
+
+1
together to enter DEALER CAL
D10540-1
87075_2.book Page 34 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
34
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Set the vessel type
When you select a vessel type, the SPX-5 Tiller system automatically selects
appropriate default values for various other calibration settings. These default values
are listed on page 58.
To setup the vessel type, enter Dealer calibration then:
1. Use disp to scroll through the Dealer calibration pages until the display shows
either VESSEL or one of the vessel types (e.g. DISPLACE).
2. Use -1 or +1 to select SAIL BOAT:
3. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option.
Set the drive type
1. With the SPX-5 Tiller system still in Dealer calibration, use disp to scroll through
the calibration pages until you reach the DRIVE TYP page.
2. Use -1 or +1 to select drive type 3.
3. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option.
Align the rudder indicator
Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted. If the rudder
reference option is not fitted, ignore this procedure.
If the rudder reference option is fitted:
1. With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration, press disp to scroll through the
calibration pages until you reach the ALIGN RUD page.
2. Use the wheel to center the rudder.
3. Use -1 and +1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center.
The maximum adjustment available is ±9°. If the offset is beyond these limits, you
will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor.
4. Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration
option.
Note: Alternatively, you can zero the rudder bar with the boat underway during the initial seatri-
al, by manually steering a straight course then accessing the ALIGN RUD screen in Seatrial
Calibration to adjust the offset.
Set the rudder limits
Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted. If the rudder
reference option is not fitted, ignore this procedure.
If the rudder reference option is fitted:
1. With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the
calibration pages until you reach the RUD LIMIT page.
2. Turn the wheel to move the rudder:
• To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
• To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to set the rudder limit to 5° less than the lowest angle you
have noted.
4. Press disp to select the new value and move to the next calibration option.
87075_2.book Page 35 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
35
Save the new settings
When you have adjusted the above settings hold down standby for two seconds, to
save your changes, leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode.
Seatrial calibration
When you have completed the dockside checks, carry out a Seatrial calibration, to
calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering characteristics.
Before commencing the seatrial:
• The dockside calibration must have been successfully completed.
• There must be no EMC problems (see page 7).
Important
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other
procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
Seatrial conditions
The seatrial must be carried out only:
• In conditions of light wind and calm water.
• In waters that are clear of any obstructions, so the boat has plenty of clear space
to maneuver.
In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance, course over ground (COG),
speed over ground (SOG) and latitude (LAT) data must be available to the SPX-5
Tiller system (e.g. on SeaTalk). Ensure that the equipment providing this information
(e.g. GPS), is switched on and fully operational, before starting a Seatrial.
The Seatrial procedures are:
• Compass calibration.
• Using AutoLearn to set the SPX-5 Tiller system steering characteristics.
Compass calibration
The compass calibration procedures are:
• Swinging the compass.
• Aligning the compass.
Swinging the compass
The magnetic deviation correction procedure (commonly called “swinging the
compass”) involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can automatically
determine the deviation and apply any correction required. The correction procedure
reduces deviation errors to a few degrees.
As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat, you MUST
complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure.
To swing the compass:
1. With the pilot in Standby mode, enter Seatrial calibration as follows:
i. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode.
ii. When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen, press disp until you see the
SEATRIAL CAL screen.
iii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration.
87075_2.book Page 36 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
36
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
2. Use disp to move through the Seatrial calibration items until you see
SWING COMPASS.
2 sec
x2
D10541-1
Note: If you cannot access Seatrial calibration, you need to disable the calibration lock. This can
be found in Dealer calibration (see page 52).
3. When you are ready to start, press +1, to select SWING COMPASS ON.
4. Press auto to start the compass swing.
The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT.
5. Start slowly turning the boat in circles (keeping the boat’s speed below 2 knots).
You will need to complete at least two circles, taking at least 2 minutes to complete
each 360°:
If you turn the boat too quickly, the display will show a TOO FAST message. If this
occurs, apply less helm to turn in a larger circle.
Note: If necessary, you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp. If you then
want to repeat the deviation correction, return to the SWING COMPASS screen.
6. Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the
DEVIATION screen. This indicates that the SPX-5 Tiller system has completed the
deviation correction.
Note: This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360° (not as an east/west
value).
Start
turning boat
Turn boat in slow circles so:
• boat's speed stays below 2 knots
• each circle takes at least 2 minutes
Minimum of
2 circles
Autopilot heading
Keep turning the boat until
you see the DEVIATION screen
D10542-1
If the deviation figure exceeds 15° or the display shows no deviation value, the
compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat. You should move the
compass to a better location. Higher deviation figures are acceptable on steel boats.
87075_2.book Page 37 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
37
Aligning the compass heading
Once the deviation is displayed, press disp to move to the Heading Alignment (ALIGN
HDG) page, then:
1. Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold the
course.
2. If you have a GPS connected to your SPX-5 Tiller system:
i. Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots
ii. Press auto. The SPX-5 Tiller system will then set the heading to agree with
the COG (course over ground) heading received from the GPS
As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG you must then
fine-tune the heading alignment so it matches the boat’s steering compass (or a
known transit bearing) To do this:
1. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boat’s
steering compass (or a known transit bearing).
2. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new
compass settings.
Align the autopilot heading
to set autopilot heading to
a Coarse adjustment: If COG is available from GPS, press
COG value, then fine tune manually (see below).
If COG is not available (or after setting heading to COG),
b Fine adjustment:
align autopilot heading manually:
Autopilot heading
Steering compass
or
=
or
Known
heading
Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the
same value as the boat's steering compass
Save changes
2 sec
To:
• save deviation correction
• save heading alignment
• return to STANDBY mode
D10543-1
Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error, small errors
(a few degrees) may remain. Once you have completed the initial compass
calibration, you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to
swing the compass again.
Check the heading reading against a number of known headings, plot a deviation
curve, and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average
alignment error. You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen, as
described above.
If the average heading error is more than 5°, you should perform the compass
deviation correction procedure again, circling more slowly and in more favorable
conditions.
87075_2.book Page 38 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
38
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
AutoLearn
WARNING: Ensure there is enough clear sea space
The AutoLearn process takes the boat through a number of
maneuvers, which can result in sudden, sharp turns, especially
when the AutoLearn function is run on more maneuverable
boats. Therefore, ensure there is a significant amount of CLEAR
SEA SPACE in front of the boat, before starting an AutoLearn
process.
The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine. AutoLearn is a selflearning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain, counter rudder and
AutoTrim for optimum performance for your boat.
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any
other procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
At
le
as
t0
.2
5
nm
(5
00
m
)o
At
fc
le
ar
se
a
sp
ac
e
le
a
of st
cl 0.0
ea 4
r s nm
ea
sp (10
ac 0 m
e )
d
in
W
1 minute
(approximately)
D10544-1
Carry out an AutoLearn as follows:
1. Ensure you have sufficient sea room to complete the AutoLearn:
2. Access the AUTOLEARN screen in Seatrial calibration:
i. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice
to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
ii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration, then press disp four times to see the
AUTOLEARN screen.
3. Prepare to start the AutoLearn:
• Steer straight ahead (rudder centered) and motor the boat at typical cruising
speed.
• If conditions are not calm, head into the wind and waves.
4. When you are ready to start the AutoLearn, press +1 then auto.
87075_2.book Page 39 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
39
Enter Seatrial calibration
2 sec
x2
Prepare for AutoLearn
• steer straight ahead at cruising speed
(planing boats – just on the plane)
• head into wind and waves
x4
CHECK!
Before proceeding, ensure
you have sufficient clear
sea space
Start
AutoLearn
AutoLearn in progress
D10545-1
5. The screen will show the CLEAR TO MANEUVER message. Ensure it is safe to
continue, then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers:
• The boat will start a series of zig-zag turns and the display will show LEARNING
with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage. This number increases
as AutoLearn progresses.
• A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps (depending on boat
characteristics and sea conditions).
Note: To cancel an AutoLearn, press standby or disp.
6. When the SPX-5 Tiller system has finished learning, the controller will beep and
display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL:
• LRN PASS = AutoLearn completed successfully
• LRN FAIL = AutoLearn was not successful, so should be repeated. A failure
code will also be displayed:
1 = AutoLearn has not been carried out.
2 = AutoLearn failed, due to manual interruption.
4 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to drive or compass failure.
5 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to motor current limiting.
6 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to boat spinning.
7. If the AutoLearn was successful, hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the
new settings.
87075_2.book Page 40 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
40
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Boat completes AutoLearn
AutoLearn successful
Note: If you see a
LRN FAIL message,
press disp to return to
the AUTOLEARN screen
then repeat from Step 2
After
7 to 27
steps
!
If you need to cancel the AutoLearn, press
or
Save new settings
2 sec
To:
• save AutoLearn calibration settings
• return to STANDBY mode
D10546-1
Commissioning complete
Your SPX-5 Tiller system is now commissioned and ready for use.
After having used your SPX-5 Tiller system, you may decide to change the value of
some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat. If you feel this is
necessary, use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup, below.
3.2 Manual setup
Checking SPX-5 Tiller system operation
Before manually adjusting any of these settings, familiarize yourself with basic SPX-5
Tiller system operation, as follows:
1. Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising
speed. If necessary, steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat
steers.
2. Press auto to lock onto the current heading. The SPX-5 Tiller system should hold
the locked heading in calm sea conditions.
3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 and observe how the SPX-5 Tiller system alters the
course to port and starboard.
4. Press standby to return to manual steering.
If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX-5 Tiller system performance, you can do so
by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust:
• Response level.
• Rudder gain.
• Counter rudder.
• AutoTrim.
87075_2.book Page 41 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
41
Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions
and headings to achieve optimum all-round performance for your particular vessel
and preferences.
Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed.
Response level
The principal method of adjusting the performance of an SPX-5 Tiller system is by
changing the response level. This is the only user adjustment you should need to
make to the SPX-5 Tiller system on a regular basis. This controls the relationship
between the SPX-5 Tiller system’s course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/
drive activity.
Screen Text
Effect on operation
RESPONSE 1-3
This setting minimizes the amount of rudder activity but may compromise short-term course keeping accuracy,
RESPONSE 4-6
This setting gives good course keeping with crisp, well controlled turns
under normal operating conditions.
RESPONSE 7-9
This setting provides the tightest possible course keeping and greatest
rudder activity. This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the
SPX-5 Tiller system may fight the sea.
To temporarily change the response level:
1. Press -1 and +1 or resp to access the RESPONSE screen.
2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the setting.
3. Press disp to confirm the change.
Rudder gain
Boats can vary widely in their response to helm, and by adjusting the rudder gain you
can change the SPX-5 Tiller system’s steering characteristics. Rudder gain is a
measure of how much helm the SPX-5 Tiller system applies to correct course errors –
higher settings mean more rudder is applied.
Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly:
1. Set RESPONSE to level 5 (see above).
2. Motor your boat to a typical cruising speed in clear water:
It is easier to recognize the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave
action does not mask steering performance
3. Press auto to enter Auto mode, then alter course by 40°:
• if the rudder gain is adjusted correctly, the 40° course change should result in
a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5°.
• If the rudder gain setting is too high, the 40° course change will result in a
distinct overshoot of more than 5° and there may be a distinct ‘S’ in the course,
as at (A).
Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting.
87075_2.book Page 42 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
42
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
•
If the rudder gain is too low, the boat’s performance will be sluggish – it will take
a long time to make the 40° turn and there will be no overshoot (B).
Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting.
New
heading
B
New
heading
A
Rudder gain
too low
New
heading
Rudder gain
too high
Correct
rudder gain
D3262-3
To adjust the rudder gain:
1. Access the RUDD GAIN screen in Dealer calibration (see page 51).
2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the rudder gain.
3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes.
4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Tiller system performance in Auto mode.
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5 Tiller system applies to try to
prevent the boat from yawing off course. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied.
Checking
To check the counter rudder setting:
1. Set RESPONSE to level 5.
2. Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water.
3. Press auto to switch the SPX-5 Tiller system to Auto mode, then make a 90°
course change:
• When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly, the boat performs a
smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot
• If the counter rudder is too low, the boat will still overshoot
• If counter rudder is too high, the boat will ‘fight the turn’ and make a series of
short, sharp turns: this results in a very ‘mechanical’ feel as the boat changes
course
Adjusting
To adjust the counter rudder:
1. Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration.
2. Use the -1 or +1 keys to adjust the counter rudder.
87075_2.book Page 43 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
43
3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes.
4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Tiller system performance in Auto mode.
AutoTrim
You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting. AutoTrim determines how quickly
the SPX-5 Tiller system applies ‘standing helm’ to correct for trim changes, caused,
for example, by changes in the wind load on the superstructure, or an imbalance of
engines.
Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX-5 Tiller system takes to get
back onto the correct course, but makes the boat less stable. If the SPX-5 Tiller
system:
• Gives unstable course keeping and the boat ‘snakes’ around the desired course,
decrease the AutoTrim level.
• Hangs off course for excessive periods of time, increase the AutoTrim level.
Adjusting
Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting, ensure you have sufficient
experience using your SPX-5 Tiller system.
If you need to adjust AutoTrim, go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable
value. The range of settings is from OFF (no trim correction) to 4 (fastest trim
correction).
To adjust the AutoTrim:
1. Access the AUTOTRIM screen in Dealer calibration, then:
2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the AutoTrim level.
3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes.
4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Tiller system performance in Auto mode.
87075_2.book Page 44 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
44
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
87075_2.book Page 45 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
45
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
4.1 Introduction
This chapter describes the SPX-5 Tiller system calibration settings and the factory
default settings. The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating
requirements, but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when
commissioning the system, they should not require further change.
If you change the calibration settings after the SPX-5 Tiller system has been
commissioned, you do not need to repeat the commissioning process. However, DO
NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in
Chapter 3 have been completed.
Calibration modes
There are four calibration modes, namely Display calibration, User calibration,
Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration.
Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values.
Display calibration
The items in Display calibration affect the SPX-5 Tiller system Pilot Controller. They
are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through
SeaTalk.
You can adjust the Display calibration settings as often as necessary – for example, to
add or change information displayed on data pages.
User calibration
The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
basis to respond to changing conditions.
Seatrial calibration
The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX-5 Tiller
system, as described in Chapter 3, so is not described again here. Do not access
Seatrial calibration during normal operation.
Dealer calibration
The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on
operation and can affect your boat’s safety.
After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial, you should not normally
need to alter the Dealer calibration values.
87075_2.book Page 46 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
46
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Accessing the Calibration modes
Accessing
Calibration Modes
2 seconds
2 seconds
(saves changes)
Calibration
Modes
to enter display
calibration mode
to enter user
calibration mode
to enter seatrial
calibration mode
CAL ?
+
to enter dealer
calibration mode
D10647-1
Adjusting calibration values
To adjust calibration values;
1. Access the required calibration mode (refer to the diagram above).
2. Press disp to scroll through the available options. To view the previous option,
press and hold disp for 1 second.
3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to change the values
When you have made all required changes, press and hold standby for 2 seconds to
save changes and exit.
87075_2.book Page 47 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
47
4.2 Display calibration
Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot
Controller.
Accessing Display
Calibration
2 seconds
(save changes)
Display Calibration
To adjust values
The RUDD BAR parameters are
adjustable only if the rudder
reference transducer option is fitted
or
or
Data pages
Press disp
for next page
D10602-1
RUDD BAR screen
This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens.
HDG screen
You can choose whether to use magnetic or true heading data values. The options
are:
•
•
HDG MAG - Magnetic heading. If you select this, the screen will indicate MAG for
heading values, during normal operation.
HDG TRUE - True heading. If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for
heading values, during normal operation.
Data pages
The Pilot Controller has fifteen user-configurable data pages. Each data page can be
configured to display SeaTalk/NMEA data, which can be viewed during normal
operation (see SmartPilot-X5 Tiller system Operating Guide).
87075_2.book Page 48 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
48
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
The default data page settings are:
Data Page
Default Setting
1
XTE (Cross Track Error)
2
BTW (Bearing to Waypoint) - see Note below
3
DTW (Distance to Waypoint) - see Note below
4
RESPONSE
Remaining pages
NOT USED (see Setting up data pages below)
Setting up data pages
When setting up your data pages, we recommend:
• You set data pages you do not need to NOT USED, as these will then not be
displayed during normal operation, leaving just the data pages that you do want
for you to scroll to.
• You retain the BTW and DTW data pages. If your SPX-5 Wheel system receives a
man overboard (MOB) message, these data pages will show the bearing and
distance to the MOB location.
Available Data Pages
Displayed as
Speed Knots
SPEED KTS
Log
LOG XXXX.X
Trip
TRIP XXX.X
Average Speed
AV. SPD
Wind Direction
e.g. WIND PORT
Wind Speed
WIND KTS
Depth Metres
DEPTH M - see Note below
Depth Feet
DEPTH FT - see Note below
Depth Fathoms
DEPTH FA - see Note below
Heading
HEADING
Water Temperature, Degrees C
WATER °C - see Note below
Water Temperature, Degrees F
WATER °F - see Note below
Course Over Ground
COG
Speed Over Ground, Knots
SOG KTS
Cross Track Error
XTE
Distance to Waypoint
DTW
87075_2.book Page 49 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
49
Available Data Pages
Displayed as
Bearing to Waypoint
BTW
Rudder Gain
RUDD GAIN
Response
RESPONSE
Watch
WATCH - used to control the Watch timer
Universal Time Coordinated
UTC
Note: There are 3 depth pages (meters, feet and fathoms) and 2 water temperature pages (°C
and °F). The SPX-5 Tiller system will display the depth data or water temperature in the units defined by data page you select.
4.3 User calibration
Accessing User Calibration
2 seconds
(save changes)
User Calibration
To adjust values
or
or
D10506-1
For information on how to access User calibration, see Accessing the Calibration
modes.
The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
basis to respond to changing conditions.
87075_2.book Page 50 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
50
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
AutoTack
Use this screen to select how the vessel performs when using AutoTack. You can
either:
• Set a default AutoTack angle. This is the angle through which the boat will turn
when an AutoTack is performed.
or
• Select Relative Tack operation. With Relative Tack selected, the apparent wind
angle when AutoTack is initiated, is mirrored the other side of the wind, on the
opposite tack.
Screen Text
Options
AUTO TACK
40° to 125° in 1° steps
Setting default AutoTack angle
To set the required AutoTack angle:
• If the SPX-5 Tiller system is receiving wind information, set the AutoTack angle to
the required change of heading.
• If the SPX-5 Tiller system is not receiving wind information, set the AutoTack angle
to 20° greater than the actual required change of heading.
For example, to tack through 80° (i.e when sailing at 40° to the wind), set the
AutoTack angle to 100°.
Selecting Relative Tack
To select Relative Tack, use -1 and -10, to reduce the tack angle value to 30°. This
action selects Relative Tack and the screen displays rEL, to indicate this.
Gybe inhibit
With gybe inhibit on:
•
•
You will be able to perform an AutoTack into the wind
The SPX-5 Tiller system will prevent the boat from performing an AutoTack away
from the wind, to prevent accidental gybes.
With gybe inhibit off, you can perform an AutoTack into or away from the wind.
Screen Text
Options
GYBE STOP
ON (Default) = Gybe inhibit on (gybes prevented)
OFF = Gybe inhibit off (gybes permitted)
Wind selection
This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane
mode.
Options
WIND APP (Default)
SPX-5 Tiller system steers to apparent wind angle
WIND TRUE
SPX-5 Tiller system steers to true wind angle
87075_2.book Page 51 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
51
WindTrim
WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX-5 Tiller system responds to changes in the
wind direction. Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive
to wind changes.
Screen Text
Options
WIND TRIM
Range = 1 to 9
1 to 3 - Least responsive to wind changes (less system activity)
4 to 6 - Moderate response to wind changes
7 to 9 - Most responsive to wind changes (more system activity)
Response level
This sets the default SPX-5 Tiller system response level. The response level controls
the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/drive
activity. You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation, as
described in Chapter 1, SPX-5 Tiller system Operation.
Screen Text
Options
RESPONSE
Range = 1 to 9
Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well controlled turns under normal operating conditions
Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX-5 Tiller system may ‘fight’ the sea.
4.4 Dealer calibration
For information on how to access Dealer calibration see Accessing the Calibration
modes.
WARNING: Dealer calibration
Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant
affect on the SPX-5 Tiller system steering characteristics and
therefore on the safety of your boat.
Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process (see
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup), and once the SPX-5 Tiller system has been
commissioned you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration values.
However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration, be aware that
the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX-5
Tiller system operation and can affect your boat’s safety.
87075_2.book Page 52 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
52
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Accessing
Dealer Calibration
+
2 seconds
(saves changes)
Dealer Calibration
To adjust values
or
or
To exit & save changes
2 seconds
D10603-1
Seatrial calibration lock
This screen controls the access to Seatrial calibration.
Options
CAL LOCK OFF
Calibration lock off – Seatrial calibration can be accessed (default)
CAL LOCK ON
Calibration lock on – Seatrial calibration cannot be accessed
Vessel type
Selecting the correct vessel type, enables the SPX-5 Tiller system to set appropriate
values for other calibration settings, to give optimum performance. Refer to the table
on page 58 for default values.
87075_2.book Page 53 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
53
The correct setting for the SPX-5 Tiller system is SAIL BOAT. This should be set when
commissioning the SPX-5 Tiller system.
Drive type
The drive type setting controls how the SPX-5 Tiller system drives the steering
system.
The correct setting for the SPX-5 Tiller system is 3.This should be set when
commissioning the SPX-5 Tiller system.
Align rudder
The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
If the rudder reference option is fitted, use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder
bar display. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5 Tiller system (see
page 34).
Screen Text
Range
ALIGN RUD
-9° to +9° in 1° steps
Rudder limit
This screen is not displayed if the rudder reference option is not fitted.
If the rudder reference option is fitted, use the rudder limit screen to set the limits of the
rudder control just inside the mechanical end stops, to avoid putting the steering
system under unnecessary load. You should adjust this setting when commissioning
the SPX-5 Tiller system (see page 34).
Screen Text
Range
RUD LIMIT
10° to 40° in 1° steps
Rudder gain
Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX-5 Tiller system applies to
correct course errors. The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied.
The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process
(see page 41).
.
Screen Text
Range
RUDD GAIN
1 to 9
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5 Tiller system applies to try to
prevent the boat from yawing off course. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied.
87075_2.book Page 54 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
54
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
The default counter rudder gain is set during the initial seatrial, as part of the
AutoLearn process (see page 42).
Screen Text
Range
COUNT RUD
1 to 9 (Do NOT set to 0)
Rudder damping
If the SPX-5 Tiller system ‘hunts’ when trying to position the rudder, adjust the rudder
damping value to minimize this. Increasing the rudder damping value reduces
hunting. Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting, and
always use the lowest acceptable value.
Screen Text
Range
RUDD DAMP
1 to 9
AutoTrim
The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX-5 Tiller system applies
‘standing helm’ to correct for trim changes caused by varying wind loads on the sails
or superstructure.
The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process (see page 43).
If you need to change the setting, increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use
the lowest acceptable value:
• If the SPX-5 Tiller system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive
activity with a change in the heel angle, decrease the AutoTrim level.
• If the SPX-5 Tiller system reacts slowly to a heading change due to a change in the
heel angle, increase the AutoTrim level
• If the AutoTrim level is too high, the boat will be less stable and snake around the
desired course.
Setting
Effect
AUTO TRIM OFF
No trim correction
AUTO TRIM 1 to 6
Auto trim applied:
1 = Slowest, 4= Fastest
Response level
This sets the default SPX-5 Tiller system response level setting. The response level
controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/
drive activity. You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
(see your Operating Guide for details).
87075_2.book Page 55 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
55
Screen Text
Options
RESPONSE
Range = 1 to 9
Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy
Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well controlled turns under normal operating conditions
Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX-5 Tiller system may ‘fight’ the sea.
Turn rate limit
This limits your boat’s rate of turn under SPX-5 Tiller system control.
Screen Text
Range
TURN RATE
1° to 30° per second in 1° steps
Off course angle
This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm (see your
Operating Guide). The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by
more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds.
Screen Text
Range
OFF COURSE
15° to 40° in 1° steps
Locked heading
Boat heading
15˚ minimum
D10648-1
AutoTack angle
The AutoTack angle is the angle through which the boat will turn when you select an
automatic tack.
87075_2.book Page 56 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
56
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
.
Screen Text
Options
AUTO TACK
40° to 125° in 1° steps
Gybe inhibit
With gybe inhibit on:
• You will be able to perform an AutoTack into the wind
• The SPX-5 Tiller system will prevent the boat from performing an AutoTack away
from the wind
With gybe inhibit off, you can perform an AutoTack into or away from the wind.
.
Screen Text
Options
GYBE STOP
On (Default)
OFF
Wind selection
Note: Only available if appropriate wind data is available.
This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane
mode.
.
Options
WIND APP (Default)
SPX-5 Tiller system steers to apparent wind angle
WIND TRUE
SPX-5 Tiller system steers to true wind angle
WindTrim
WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX-5 Tiller system responds to changes in the
wind direction. Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive
to wind changes.
.
Screen Text
Options
WIND TRIM
Range = 1 to 9
Lower values (1 to 3) = SPX-5 Tiller system responds to longer
term wind changes (less system activity)
Typical values = 4 to 6
Higher values (7 to 9) = SPX-5 Tiller system responds to
shorter term wind changes (more system activity)
PowerSteer
If you have a joystick connected to your SPX-5 Tiller system, use this screen to select
the required joystick mode of operation. For detailed operating information, refer to
the guide supplied with the joystick.
87075_2.book Page 57 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Tiller system settings
57
.
Options
OFF
Joystick off
1
1 = Proportional power steer
Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement –
the further the joystick is held over, the greater the applied rudder.
2
2 = Bang-bang power steer
Bang-bang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever
movement – to improve control, the speed of rudder movement changes with
the angle of the lever. For maximum speed, push the lever hardover. If you
return the lever to the center position, the rudder will remain in its current position.
Cruise speed
Set the cruise speed to the boat’s typical cruising speed. If neither the speed through
the water nor speed over ground are unavailable via SeaTalk or NMEA, the SPX-5
Tiller system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when
calculating course changes.
Screen Text
Range
CRUISE SP
4 to 60 knots
Latitude
If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the SPX-5 Tiller system will use
this data instead of the calibration value.
Screen Text
Range
LATITUDE
0° to 80° in 1° steps
System reset
CAUTION: Losing settings at system reset
Do NOT carry out a System RESET unless advised to do so by a
Raymarine dealer. If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX-5
Tiller system calibration settings. You will then need to repeat the
SPX-5 Tiller system commissioning process.
Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration, Seatrial calibration and Dealer
calibration settings to their default values.
Note: The Display calibration settings will not change, as these are stored in each individual
controller
87075_2.book Page 58 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
58
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
To carry out a system reset:
1. Select the System reset (RESET) screen in Dealer calibration.
2. Press +1 then press AUTO.
3. The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message:
• Press auto to cancel the reset
or
• Press +1 again to select YES and reset the SPX-5 Tiller system.
4. You will then see the CAL LOCK screen:
• Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new default settings, then turn
the SPX-5 Tiller system computer power off and back on.
If you reset the system parameters, you must carry out the SPX-5 Tiller
system commissioning process before using the SPX-5 Tiller system again.
4.5 System defaults
Calibration Lock
OFF
Turn Rate Limit
7
Vessel Type
SAIL BOAT
Off Course Angle
20
Drive Type
3
AutoTack Angle
100
Rudder Alignment
0
Gybe Inhibit
ON
Rudder Limit
30
Wind Type
APP
Rudder Gain
2
Wind Trim
5
Counter Rudder
2
Power Steer (Joystick)
OFF
Rudder Damping
2
Cruise Speed
8
AutoTrim
1
Latitude
0
Response:
5
Autopilot Reset
OFF
87075_2.book Page 59 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
59
Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
The SPX-5 Tiller Course Computer computer supports the following NMEA0183
sentences.
NMEA0183 to Course Computer
Header
Data in
APB
Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, waypoint number
BWC
BWR
Bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint number, time
GGA
GLL
Latitude/longitude, time
HDG
HDM
HDT
Heading
MWV
Apparent wind angle, apparent wind speed
RMA
Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longitude, variation
RMB
Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint number
RMC
Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longitude, time, variation
VHW
Speed through water, heading
VTG
Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG)
XTE
Cross track error
ZDA
Time, date
NMEA0183 from Course Computer
NMEA 0183 sent
Information sent
HDG
Heading
RSA
Rudder angle. Available only if Rudder Reference option is fitted.
* The computer will only transmit these items if it has received the appropriate data.
87075_2.book Page 60 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
60
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
87075_2.book Page 61 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
61
Appendix 2: SPX-5 Tiller system specifications
Course Computer
Nominal supply voltage
12 V dc
(10 A fuse protection at distribution panel)
(10 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution panel)
Operating voltage range
10 V to 16 V dc
Power consumption (standby)
200 mA
Gyro
Built in
Environmental conditions:
• operating temperature
• non-operating temperature
• relative humidity limit
• water protection
-10°C to 55°C (14°F to 131°F)
-20°C to 70°C (-4°F to 158°F)
80%
Drip resistant when mounted vertically
Storage conditions when
packed:
• temperature range
• relative humidity limit
-5°C to 50°C (23°F to 122°F)
75%
Dimensions:
Width: 240 mm (9 7/16“), Height: 170 mm (6 11/16“), Depth: 55 mm (2 3/16“)
Weight
600 g (1 lb 5.2oz)
Inputs
Fluxgate Compass, NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), SeaTalkng,
power
Outputs
NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), drive motor, drive clutch
Raymarine drive compatibility: ST4000 Tiller Drive (standard and GP)
(as supplied with product)
ST4000 Wheel Drive
Drive motor output:
Continuous 5 A at nominal 12 V
SeaTalk output
2A at 12 V (fuse protected at 2A)
NMEA 0183 v3.01 inputs/outputs
See Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
NMEA fast heading output
HDG
5 Hz 0.1° resolution
Fuses
Standard automotive blade fuses to protect:
Power Terminals - 10 A
SeaTalk Terminals - 2 A
EMC compliance:
Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2
87075_2.book Page 62 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
62
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
Tiller Drive
SPX-5 Tiller Drive unit technical specification
Nominal supply voltage
12 V dc
Operating voltage range
10 V to 16 V dc
Drive Speed
5 seconds lock to lock
Environmental conditions:
• Operating temperature
• Non-operating temperature
• Water protection
-10°C to 55°C (14°F to 131°F)
-20°C to 70°C (-4°F to 158°F)
To IPX6 standard
Storage conditions when
packed:
• Temperature range
• Relative humidity limit
-20°C to 50°C (-4°F to 122°F)
75%
Inputs
Drive power from compatible Course Computer.
Servicing
Raymarine approved service at 1000 hrs intervals
EMC compliance:
Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2
87075_2.book Page 63 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
SPX-5 Tiller system specifications
63
Pilot Controller (ST6002)
Nominal supply voltage:
12 V DC via SeaTalk
Operating voltage range:
10 V to 15 V DC
Current consumption (in Standby
mode)
60 mA (less than 200 mA with full lighting)
Operating temperature:
0 °C to +70 °C (32 °F to 158 °F)
Water protection:
waterproof to CFR46
Overall dimensions:
width
height
depth
110 mm (4.33 in)
115 mm (4.53 in)
41 mm (1.62 in)
Keypad:
8 button illuminated keypad
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD):
shows heading, locked course and navigational data, and up
to 15 data pages
LCD illumination:
3 brightness levels + off
Input connections:
SeaTalk (x2) and NMEA 0183
Output connections:
SeaTalk (x2)
EMC compliance:
Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2
87075_2.book Page 64 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
64
SmartPilot X-5 Tiller & GP Tiller Installation & Setup Guide
87075_2.book Page 65 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
65
Index
A
Accessing calibration modes, 46
Adapting the installation, 11, 16
AutoLearn, 38
AutoTack, 50
selecting Relative Tack, 50
setting angle, 50
AutoTack angle, 55
AutoTrim, 43, 54
C
Calibration modes, 45
Cantilever socket, 16
Certified installation, 1
Checking system operation, 40
Commissioning
Dockside, 31
align rudder indicator, 34
checking connections, 32
checking pilot operating sense, 32
set drive type, 34
set rudder limits, 34
set vessel type, 34
switching on, 31
requirement, 29, 31
Seatrial, 35
AutoLearn, 38
conditions, 35
heading alignment, 37
swinging the compass, 35
Counter rudder, 42, 53
Course Computer
connections, 11
Fluxgate Compass, 22
NMEA0183, 28
Pilot Controller, 23
power, 20
rudder reference, 26
SeaTalkng, 27
Tiller Drive, 20
mounting, 9
Dealer calibration (continued)
response level, 54
rudder damping, 54
rudder gain, 53
rudder limit, 53
seatrial calibration lock, 52
system reset, 57
turn rate limit, 55
vessel type, 52
wind type, 56
WindTrim, 56
Default settings, 58
Display calibration, 47
data page setup, 47
heading selection, 47
Disposing of the product, vi
Drive type, 53
setup, 34
E
EMC information, v, 7
F
fitting, 15
Fluxgate Compass
connecting, 22
locating, 21
mounting, 21
Fuse, 19
G
Grounding, 25
Gybe inhibit, 50, 56
H
Heading alignment, 37
Heading selection, 47
J
Joystick setup, 56
D
L
Data pages
available functions, 48
setup, 47
Dealer calibration
align rudder indicator, 53
AutoTack angle, 55
AutoTrim, 54
counter rudder, 53
cruise speed, 57
drive type, 53
gybe inhibit, 56
latitude, 57
off course warning angle, 55
power steer, 56
Latitude, 57
M
Magnetic/true heading selection, 47
Manual setup
AutoTrim, 43
checking operation, 40
counter rudder, 42
response level, 41
N
NMEA0183
connections, 28
inputs, 59
outputs, 59
87075_2.book Page 66 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
66
O
Off course warning angle, 55
P
Parts supplied, 4
Pedestal socket, 17
Pilot Controller
connecting, 23
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course
Computer, 24
SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Computer, 23
fitting, 23
Power cable requirement, 8
Power connection, 19
Power steer (joystick) mode, 56
Power supply protection, 19
Product disposal, vi
Pushrod extension, 16
R
Relative Tack, 50
Resetting the system, 57
Response level, 51, 54
temporary changes, 41
Rudder damping, 54
Rudder gain, 53
setup, 41
Rudder indicator alignment, 53
setup, 34
Rudder limit, 53
Rudder limits
setup, 34
Rudder reference option, 26
S
Safety
electrical, v
general, v
navigation, v
SeaTalk socket, 15
SeaTalkng connections, 27
Seatrial Calibration, 35
AutoLearn, 38
conditions, 35
heading alignment, 37
swinging the compass, 35
Seatrial calibration lock, 52
Setup
accessing calibration modes, 46
AutoTack, 50
AutoTack angle, 55
AutoTrim, 43, 54
counter rudder, 42, 53
cruise speed, 57
data pages, 47
drive type, 34, 53
SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide
Setup (continued)
for joystick operation, 56
gybe inhibit, 50, 56
heading selection, 47
latitude, 57
off course warning angle, 55
power steer (joystick) mode, 56
response level, 51, 54
rudder damping, 54
rudder gain, 41, 53
rudder indicator alignment, 34, 53
rudder limits, 34, 53
seatrial calibration lock, 52
turn rate limit, 55
vessel type, 34, 52
wind type, 50, 56
WindTrim, 51, 56
ST6002 Pilot Controller
connecting, 23
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course
Computer, 24
SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Computer, 23
fitting, 23
Swinging the compass, 35
Switching on, 31
System defaults, 58
System grounding, 25
System reset, 57
T
Tiller brackets, 18
Tiller Drive
mounting, 11
cantilever socket, 16
options, 11, 16
pedestal socket, 17
procedure, 13
pushrod extension, 16
tiller brackets, 18
Tools required, 4
Turn rate limit, 55
U
User calibration
gybe inhibit, 50
response level, 51
wind type, 50
WindTrim, 51
V
Vessel type, 52
setup, 34
W
Wind type, 50, 56
WindTrim, 51, 56
87075_2.book Page 67 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Tiller Drive socket template
Drill 2.5 mm (3/32 inch)
diameter hole (2 positions)
Drill 18 mm (23/32 inch)
diameter hole
D5411-2
Tiller drive - socket template
87075_2.book Page 68 Thursday, November 22, 2007 8:07 AM
Open as PDF
Similar pages