U S E R
M A N U A L
A I R P L A N E
V E R S I O N
Table of Contents
Using This Manual
Refer to the Table of Contents below to find where to look for answers to your particular questions. The features are discussed in the same order
as they appear on the LCD screen (numerically). An explanation of the use and purpose of each feature is provided, followed by a labeled illustration of its LCD display. Additionally, a step-by-step example is included to clarify the set-up procedure for each feature.
You will find data sheets at the end of this manual. Once you have entered all data for a particular model, we recommend that you also record it
on a copy of the data sheet. If you should experience a memory battery failure or wish to make changes to the current settings, this extra step
will save you a lot of time.
1. Features
1.1
1.2
1.3
2
11
Code Number Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
8. Code Functions
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
10
Battery Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Back Up Error Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
7. Data Input
7.1
10
Care of the Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Operating the Touch Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
6. Alarm & Error Display
6.1
6.2
9
Code 22 Wing Type Selection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Code 24 Servo Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Code 28 Data Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Code 31 Snap Roll. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Code 44 Gyro Gain Sensitivity System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Codes 51-55 Standard Programmable Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Codes 56-58 Multi-Point Programmable Mixing . . . . . . . . . . 46
Code 62 Aileron-to-Rudder Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Code 63 Elevator-to-Flap Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Code 64 Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Code 66 Flap System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Code 75 Servo Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Code 77 Fail-Safe/Hold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Code 78 Pilot Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Code 81 Model Name Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Code 82 Trim Offset Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Code 84 Model Selection (1-10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Code 85 Modulation Selection (SPCM, ZPCM, PPM). . . . . . . . . 62
Code 86 Data Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Code 87 Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Code 88 Keyboard Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
9. Battery Charging
Installation Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5. Display and Touch Panel
5.1
5.2
6
Control Identification, Location and Channel Assign . . . . . 6 - 7
Transmitter Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Control Stick Length Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Neck Strap Attachment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Adjustment of Stick Tension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Using the DSC Cord. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Frequency Notes/Aircraft Only Frequencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4. Connections
4.1
4.2
5
System Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Transmitter Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Servo Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Receiver Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Charger Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Airborne Battery Pack. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3. Transmitter Controls
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.7
3.8
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
8.14
8.15
8.16
8.17
8.18
8.19
8.20
8.21
8.22
8.23
8.24
8.25
8.26
8.27
8.28
Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Receiver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Servos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. Component Specifications
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
3
9.1
9.2
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
68
Transmitter /Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Servo Precautions
General Notes/Safety Precautions
Federal Aviation Administration
Daily Flight Checks
Frequency Chart
Warranty Information
Data Sheets
69
69
70
70
71
72
73
12
Code 11 Reversing Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Code 12 Travel Adjust/ATV/End Point Adjustment . . . . . . . . 14
Code 13 Dual Rate/Exponential Adjustments. . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Code 14 Trace Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Code 15 Sub-Trim Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Code 17 Function Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Code 18 Programmable Throttle Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
10X MANUAL Airplane
1
Features
1.1
Transmitter
• Up to 5 available flight modes are selectable via a programmable switch location. Each flight mode allows the adjustment and selection of nearly every parameter to alter the characteristics of the airplane for differing flight regimes (e.g.,
landing, aerobatics, 3D aerobatics, takeoff, etc.). Code 17.
• Digital trims on aileron, elevator and rudder feature adjustable
trim rates, allowing the increments of each trim step to be
adjusted to the desired amount. When adjusting the digital
trims, a tone is emitted that signals each trim step. The pitch of
the tone changes based on trim position (left trim – high pitch,
right trim – low pitch ) so that the approximate trim position
can be audibly known without having to look at the transmitter.
• Digital trim positions are automatically displayed on the Info
screen. A bar graph or a digital value can be selected to display
the trim position.
• Digital trim positions are automatically stored in memory and
recalled when switching from model to model.
• A mechanical trimmer is included on throttle, offering the ease
and convenience of a visual reference during engine startup.
The throttle trim rate is adjustable in Code 83.
• Two trim options are available when flight modes are activated.
One allows each of the 5 available flight modes to have their
own separate digital trim settings that are adjustable via the
digital trim switches in each flight mode (FM trim ACT). In the
other type of available trim (FM trim INH), the digital trim settings retain the same value for all flight modes and can be
adjusted while in any flight mode. Code 17
• Two programmable throttle curves are available, and up to 8
points can be stored and manipulated in each throttle curve.
Either throttle curve can be selected in any of the available
flight modes or selected by one of several switches. Code 18
• An alarm will sound if the transmitter is turned on and the flight
mode switch is not in the 0 position, warning that a possible
unsafe condition exists for startup and takeoff.
• Dual rates and expo rates are independently adjustable in each
direction. 5 rates and expo values are available through flight
modes.
• A DataSafe is included (complete systems only) that allows
the 10X to download model memory to any Windows 95® and
later PC for infinite model storage and security. See the
enclosed Data-Safe manual for instructions.
• A removable 1100mAh Sanyo® battery pack gives nearly 5
hours of continuous use. A built-in charge receptacle allows the
battery to be charged separately or in the transmitter.
TM
10X MANUAL Airplane
• Channels 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 can be activated or inhibited,
allowing these channels to be used as slave channels during
mixing and making it so the primary control knob/lever or
switch will have no effect. Code 17.
• A dual elevator feature is pre-programmed in Code 22 and is
used on aircraft that have one (or more) servos driving each elevator half. The Snap Roll function properly affects both elevators in this mode. Code 22.
• Five different rates can be programmed for the elevator, aileron
and rudder, and any combination of these rates can be selected
in any of the five available flight modes. Code 23.
• Five differing response curves (e.g., expo, VTR, expo/linear,
etc.) can be programmed for the aileron, elevator and rudder,
and any combination of these response curves can be selected
in any of the five available flight modes.
• Servo speed for all 10 channels is independently selectable in
each of the five flight modes. Code 24.
• Snap roll rate and direction can automatically be selected in
each of the five flight modes. Code 31.
• A gyro sensor adjustment provides easy gain adjustments of
any remotely adjustable gyro (JR’s NEJ900 and NEJ3000).
Three gain rates are programmable and can be automatically
selected in each of the five flight modes. In addition, stick priority mixing (especially useful in aerobatic aircraft) can be easily selected and the center point and end point gains can be
adjusted and are displayed in this screen. Code 44.
• Eight programmable mixes are available; three of which are
multi-point programmable mixes. Each mix has two available
mix values that can be selected in any of the five available flight
modes, or by a selected switch. Code 51 through 58.
• An aileron-to-rudder mix features two mix values that can be
selected in any of the five flight modes or by a selected switch.
Code 62.
• Rudder-to-aileron and rudder-to-elevator mixing features two
mix values each can be selected in any of five flight modes or
by a selected switch. Code 64.
• Three-position flaps are available in Code 66 that allow the preset position for normal, mid and land flap positions, as well as
elevator compensation positions. Flap position can be selected
in each of the five flight modes or by the flap switch. Code 66.
• A servo monitor visually displays each of the ten servo positions. This handy feature is especially useful during the setup
of mixes. Code 75.
• A pilot link is provided that allows any other JR radio to be
linked via a trainer cord and allows the other transmitter to have
control of the primary controls (aileron, elevator, rudder, and
throttle) when the snap roll button is depressed, but allows all
secondary features (e.g., flaps, flight modes, gear, etc.) to be
controlled by the master transmitter.
• Touch-screen contrast can be easily adjusted by pressing the
+ or - key in the lower right-hand corner of the screen indicator
with + LCD CONT.
3
Receiver
1.2
• The NER 950S receiver is a high performance PCM single conversion receiver with 10 kHz super narrow band ABC&W circuitry, offering an unparalleled RF link.
• The latest “S” type Central Processing Unit (CPU) is used in
the PCM receiver. It has the highest degree of resistance to electro-mechanical “noise.”
• A narrow band ceramic filter for high signal selectivity also
assists in rejecting cross modulation from other common radio
frequency difficulties, such as R/C transmitters or local paging
systems.
• The receiver features Direct Servo Control (DSC) for control of
surfaces without radio frequency output.
• The new NER-950S offers the highest resolution available in
any receiver.
• The receiver has low current consumption.
• The receiver features 3-point gold plated connectors for
increased conductivity.
1.3
Digital Servos
JR Digital Servos
With the development of the new JR Digital Servos, JR has set
the new standard in servo technology, a technology that has
remained virtually unchanged for the past 25 years. Using a specially designed IC chip, and FET driven motor, JR has developed
servos that are a cut above the current conventional servos. While
a typical servo has a power pulse of 50Hz, JR’s Digital servos
have a pulse rate of over 250Hz, 5 times greater than that of a
conventional servo. In addition, their ultra precise resolution (as
high as 5,900 steps per 120 degrees) delivers exceptional accuracy.
The DS8231 features:
• A high frequency digital amplifier 5 times that of a
conventional servo
• Super-tight deadband of .06 µs for superior accuracy
• Up to 5 times more holding torque than a conventional servo
with less than a 10% increase in current drain
• High output F.E.T. transistor driven motor
• High resolution of 5,900 steps per 120°
• 13 bit A/D converter
4
10X MANUAL Airplane
2
2.1
Component Specification
System Specifications
System Name . . . . . . . . . . . . J120FS Computer Airplane
System
Transmitter (Main Body) . . NET-J120FS
(RF Module) . . NET-J72P, NET-J50P, NET-J53P
Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NER-950S
Servos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DS-8231 Digital
Charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NEC-222
Airborne Battery. . . . . . . . . . 1400 mAh Sanyo Extra® NiCad
2.2
Transmitter Specifications
Model No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NET-J120FS
Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Channel Computer System
RF Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50/53/72 MHz
Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCM (S&Z) or PPM
Output Power. . . . . . . . . . . . Approximately 750 mw
Current Drain. . . . . . . . . . . . 200 mA (70 mA w/DSC)
Power Source. . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2V x 8 NiCad (9.6V) 1100mAh
Output Pulse (in microseconds) . . . 1000-2000 (1500 neutral)
2.3
2.4
Receiver Specifications
Model Number. . . . . . . . . . . NER-950S
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Channel, PCM-ABC&W
Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50/53/72 MHz
Sensitivity (in microseconds) . . . . . 5 minimum
Selectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 KHz/50dB
Weight (oz) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.69
Size (W/L/H) . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5" x 2.09" x .82"
Receiver Antenna . . . . . . . . 39" for all aircraft frequencies.
2.5
Charger Specifications
Model Number . . . . . . . . . . NEC-222
Input Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . AC100-120v
Output Current. . . . . . . . . . 50mAh Tx/120mAh Rx
Charging Time. . . . . . . . . . . 15 hours
2.6
Airborne Battery Packs
Type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1400 mAh Sanyo Extra NiCad
Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8v
Size (W/L/H). . . . . . . . . . . . 2.64" × .70" × 2.00"
Weight (oz) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 oz
Servo Specifications
Servo
NES-8231 Digital
Torque (oz/in). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 oz/in
Speed (S/60°) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Input Pulse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 ms ±600µs
Power Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8–6.0 volts
Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coreless
Weight (oz). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.73 oz.
Size (W/L/H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75" x 1.54" x 1.36"
10X MANUAL Airplane
5
3
Transmitter Controls
Antenna
Tilting Antenna Base
Gear Switch
AUX 5
Flap Switch
Snap Roll Button/Pilot Link
AUX 4
AUX 2
Mix Switch
Rudder D/R
Elevator D/R
Flap Lever
Throttle/Rudder Stick
Mechanical Throttle Trim
Digital Rudder Trim
Aileron D/R
AUX 3 Lever
Aileron/Elevator Stick
Digital Elevator Trim
On/Off Switch
Digital Aileron Trim
Touch Panel Display
3.1
Control Identification
For a proper range test of the PCM10X system, please refer to
Section 13, Daily Flight Checks.
Antenna
Base-Loaded Active Antenna
The adjustable base of the antenna can be locked into position by
tightening the two Phillips head screws just to the rear of the
antenna ball mount. Do not over-tighten. This feature allows you
to determine and lock into place the antenna angle that suits you
best.
The antenna can be removed and stored in the special compartment in the right side panel of the transmitter. The next time you
fly, simply thread the antenna into the ball mount. It will automatically assume the previously set angle.
An optional base-loaded active antenna is available for use with
the PCM10X transmitter. It is considerably shorter than the standard antenna, but cannot be collapsed for storage in the side of
the transmitter. The base-loaded antenna, part number JRPA155,
is made of a flexible coil and is covered with a soft plastic material. Your range will not be affected when using this antenna.
6
10X MANUAL Airplane
Channel Assignment
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
If you desire longer sticks, JR has developed a replacement
stick (JRPA047) that’s approximately one inch longer than the
standard sticks.
THRO Throttle Channel
AILE Aileron Channel
ELEV Elevator Channel
3.4
RUDD Rudder Channel
Neck Strap Attachment
GEAR Gear Channel
AUX1 Auxiliary 1 Channel
An eyelet is provided on the face of the PCM10X transmitter that
enables you to connect a neck strap (JRPA023). This hook has
been positioned such that your transmitter will have the proper
balance when the antenna is extended.
AUX2 Auxiliary 2 Channel
AUX3 Auxiliary 3 Channel
AUX4 Auxiliary 4 Channel
AUX5 Auxiliary 5 Channel
3.5
3.2
Transmitter Rear
Snap roll
direction
(left/right)
Adjustment of Stick Tension
The 10X allows you to individually tailor the tension of each of
your stick control inputs to suit your flying style. The procedure
is as follows:
Snap roll
direction
(up/down)
Rubber grip
Transmitter
module
Elevator
Adjustment
Aileron
Adjustment
DSC jack
Rudder
Adjustment
Throttle
Adjustment
Charge
jack
3.3
Control Stick Length Adjustment
The PCM10X allows you to adjust the control sticks’ length.
Loosen
Tighten
1. Carefully remove the rear rubber grips. Do this by gently
prying the grip by hand from the case.
2. Carefully remove the lower right-hand rubber plug. (The
upper left rubber plug is used for adjusting Mode 1 transmitters
only.)
3. Using a small Phillips screwdriver, rotate each adjusting
screw clockwise to tighten its respective stick tension(counterclockwise to loosen).
After achieving the desired stick tension, carefully replace the
rubber grips and plugs.
To adjust the stick length, use the 2mm Allen wrench (supplied with your PCM10X transmitter) to unlock the set screw.
Note: Turn the wrench counterclockwise to loosen the screw
and clockwise to tighten it.
Turn the knurled part of the stick counterclockwise to lengthen
and clockwise to shorten.
After the control stick length has been adjusted to suit your
flying style, simply tighten the 2mm set screw.
10X MANUAL Airplane
7
3.6 Direct Servo Control (DSC)
Why you should use the DSC function:
1. Reduced Current Consumption—The DSC function
enables you to check the control functions of your airplane without drawing the full 200mAh from your transmitter battery pack.
Instead, you will only draw 70mAh when using the DSC function.
2. Make Adjustments Without Transmitting—The DSC
function allows you to make adjustments to your airplane without
transmitting any radio signals. Therefore, if another pilot is flying
on your frequency, you can still adjust your airplane and not
interfere with the other pilot’s aircraft.
Aircraft Only Frequencies
JR RF modules and receivers are available in 50, 53 and 72 MHz
frequencies in the United States for use with model aircraft only.
Operating on 72 MHz does not require a special operator’s
license from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
However, operating on 50 and 53 MHz requires that you obtain a
Technician II license.
• A chart for all available frequencies and their corresponding
channels is located in Section 14 of this manual.
Using the DSC Cord
For proper DSC hook-up and operation:
1. Leave the transmitter power switch in the “off ” position.
The transmitter will not transmit any RF in this position.
2. Plug the DSC cord (supplied) into the DSC port in the rear
of the transmitter. The encoder section of the transmitter will now
be operational and the LCD display will be active
Note: Once the Pilot Link function is activated, the DSC function will not operate. To use the DSC function, the Pilot Link
function must be inhibited temporarily.
3.7
Frequency Notes/Aircraft Only Frequency
3. Plug the other end of the DSC cord into the receiver charge
receptacle. Turn the receiver switch to the “on” position.
Frequency Notes
The 10X employs a plug-in module system for transmitter
frequency and band changes. If you wish to change a frequency,
you can simply change the radio’s module, commonly referred to
as either an RF module or transmitter module. JR modules are
universal for all JR aircraft systems. In other words, if you currently own a JR module, it can be used with the new 10X.
The 10X can transmit in either Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) or
in Pulse Position Modulation (PPM). See page 63 for information
about selecting modulation type (Code 85).
Be certain to observe the following guidelines:
1. Do not operate your transmitter when another transmitter is
using the same frequency, regardless of whether the second transmitter is PCM, PPM, AM or FM.
2. For operation of your 10X with other models of JR
receivers, please refer to the receiver compatibility chart, which is
located in Section 8.25 on page 63 of this manual.
8
10X MANUAL Airplane
4
Connections
4.1
Installation Requirements
The brass bushings are pushed from the bottom up in the rubber
grommets. With the servo screw in place, this will provide the
proper security, as well as the proper vibration isolation, for your
servo.
Servo Mounting Tab
Screw
Rubber Grommet
Brass Bushing
For the longest possible service life and best reliability and performance, the radio system should be correctly installed in your
aircraft. Vibration, exposure to water or fuel, or exposure to
excessive heat may cause premature component failure. Here are
a few installation suggestions:
1. It’s important to isolate the receiver from vibration.
Wrapping the receiver in protective foam rubber that’s no less
than 3/8" thick and loosely securing the foam in the aircraft with
rubber bands is an accepted and recommended practice. This not
only protects the receiver from vibration, but also protects it in
the event of a crash or a hard landing.
2. The servos should be mounted using the supplied rubber
grommets and brass bushings to isolate them from vibration. Do
not over-tighten the mounting screws—this will negate the vibration absorption effect of the rubber grommets. The diagram at
right will assist you in properly mounting your servo.
4.2
3. The servo arm must be able to move freely over its entire
range of travel. Make sure that the control linkages do not bind or
impede the movement of any of the servos.
4. Mount all switches away from the engine exhaust. Make
sure the switch operates freely and is able to operate over its full
travel.
5. Mount the receiver antenna securely inside the fuselage using
a plastic tube or mount it to the airplane’s vertical fin. It’s important to route the antenna away from any RF-generating sources on
the model, such as an ignition system, electric motors, etc.
Connections
Receiver Battery
1400mAh Sanyo Extra NiCad
JRPB4340
ON
OFF
Deluxe Switch Harness
JRPA001
Chargecord or
D.S.C. Receptacle
JRPA024
Auxiliary 5
Chargecord or
D.S.C.
D.S.C. – JRPA123
Chgr. – JRPC222
ABC&W INTERFERENCE
PROTECTION SYSTEM
BATT
AUX 5
AUX 4
AUX 3
AUX 2
Auxiliary 4
Auxiliary 3
Auxiliary 2
Auxiliary 1
Gear
Rudder
AUX 1
FM Rx
D72.550
GEAR
RUDD
10 CH S-CLASS PCM RECEIVER
JAPAN REMOTE CONTROL CO., LTD
MADE IN JAPAN
ELEV
AILE
THRO
Elevator
Aileron
NER-950S
S-PCM Receiver
10X MANUAL Airplane
Throttle
9
5
Display and Touch Panel
6
Alarm and Error Display
5.1
Care of the Touch Screen
6.1
Battery Alarm
Avoid dust, moisture and extreme temperature changes.
Do not press on the display panel with any sharp objects, such as
ballpoint pens.
Clean the screen with a soft, dry cloth only. Never use solvents of
any type to clean the display face.
The intensity of the screen will change with extreme temperature
changes. This is normal and does not indicate a malfunction. The
screen will return to normal once the temperature has stabilized.
If necessary, adjust the contrast to read the screen in extreme temperatures.
5.2
flashing
Operating the Touch Panel
Basic operation of the panel is very simple. Just touch the key
portion displayed on the LCD screen.
When you touch any key, a beeping sound will confirm your
input.
The + and - keys have an automatic repeat function. To activate,
simply keep your finger on the key.
Note: The 10X has a two-speed scroll function. By touching
the + or - key one touch at a time, you can make minute changes
to the LCD display values. However, by keeping your finger on
the + or - keys, the values will begin to change rapidly.
When + CL - is displayed on the LCD display, you can either
press the + and - keys simultaneously or the CL key. The respective function value will reset to the factory preset or default value.
Setting Percentage Display and Key Input
When setting percentages, the digital display will only read in the
range of useful operation and will stop charging when the end of
a range is reached, even though the beeping sound may still be
heard.
10
When the transmitter voltage drops below 9.0 volts, the display
will flash the word “battery” and an audible alarm will sound.
The audible alarm will sound four times consecutively, pause for
a moment, then sound again, for a total of 24 times.
Notes pertaining to the battery alarm:
1. The word “Battery” will only flash if you are in the initial
display screen. If you are in any other screen, you will only hear
the beeping of the alarm. If you’re flying when you hear this
alarm, you should land immediately and recharge or replace the
battery pack.
Touch
to access the
bar graph display
2. You will be unable to access Code 84 Model Select, Code
28 Data Reset, or Code 86 Data Transfer when the battery alarm
has sounded.
6.2
Back-Up Error Alarm
A five (5)-year lithium battery protects all pre-programmed data
against main transmitter battery failure. The lithium battery also
retains all pre-programmed data in the event the transmitter battery pack is removed from the transmitter. Should the lithium battery fail, the display will indicate “back up err.” and an audible
alarm will sound. If this occurs, you will need to have the lithium
battery replaced. All transmitter programs will return to the factory default settings, and the data you have entered will be lost and
must be re-entered. When it becomes necessary to replace the
lithium back-up battery, please contact Horizon Service Center.
Improper removal or replacement can cause extensive damage,
and only Horizon Service Center is authorized to make this battery change.
Horizon Service Center
4105 Fieldstone Road
Champaign, IL 61822
217-355-9511
Note: If you’re flying when the lithium back-up battery fails,
you will not lose control of your aircraft. However, when the
transmitter power is turned off, all the programmed data may be
lost. The included DataSafe (see page 64) can be used to store
the programming on a personal computer in case the programming is lost in your radio.
10X MANUAL Airplane
7
(9) functions (numerically) on the display.
This screen will display:
Data Input
There are two methods you can use to enter data into your 10X
transmitter—code number access and the direct mode method.
Both methods work equally well, although the direct mode
method will be easier until you become familiar with the code
numbers of the 10X.
Turn the 10X power switch to the “on” position.
The initial LCD screen will appear as follows:
Model number
(NOTE: After the model
number has been named,
the given name will appear
next to the model number)
Transmitter voltage
NOTE: If the Snap Roll
function has been activated
the direction will be
indicated here
Indicates
current
modulation
NOTE: If in Code 87, Timer,
the stopwatch is activated, it
will appear here
Enter Key
Accumulated
transmitter
“ON” timer
Touch ENTER to advance to the next screen. The screen will
then change to the following:
From this screen, choose which method you want to use to input
data.
7.1
Code Number Access
From screen number two above, press the code number of the
function you wish to access. For example, if you wish to select
the Servo Reversing function, look up the corresponding code
number on the chart on page 12 (in this case Code 11). Enter 11
and the LCD will display 11 REV. SW. Now, press ENTER and
the screen will display the Reverse function.
After you’ve completed the adjustments for the desired code
number, press ENTER and the display will return to the Function
Mode screen. Press ENTER again to return to the initial display
screen.
7.1
If the code you want to access appears on this screen, push the
+ key until the shaded box (now highlighting the Info function)
highlights the chosen function. Next, press the ENTER key to
bring up the function. After making the necessary adjustments,
press the ENTER key once again. This will bring you back to the
Function Mode screen. If at this point you touch the D.LIST key,
the shaded box will return to the position you were at just prior to
entering the desired code.
There are two ways to proceed to the next page of function
selections:
1. Press the + key, advancing the highlighted box until the
screen changes. This will occur if you press the + key one more
time after reaching the last function on the selection screen.
2. Alternatively, press the PAGE key at any time to advance to
the next 9 selections.
Note: When changing screens in this manner, whichever function position is highlighted on the previous screen will continue
to be highlighted. In other words, if the top right function is highlighted on page 1, when the PAGE key is pushed, the top right
function will be highlighted on page 2.
Refer to the following diagram for a graphic explanation:
Result if + key is pushed
Result if PAGE is pushed
Direct Mode Access
If at the second screen you are unsure of which code number to
enter, simply push the D.LIST key. This brings up the first nine
10X MANUAL Airplane
11
8
Code Functions
At the beginning of each code function, note that there is a brief
explanation of the code and its function.
CODE # DISPLAY
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION
CODE # DISPLAY
11
12
13
REV. SW
TRAVEL
DR + EXP
56-58
14
TRAC R
15
SUB TRIM
17
FUNC S.
18
THR.CURVE
Servo reversing—all channels
End point travel adjustments—all channels
Dual rates and exponential rate
adjustments elevator/aileron/rudder. Can
be adjusted independently for each direction
Trace rate affects the total travel of both
servos when the master channel is aileron,
elevator or rudder
Electronic means of adjusting trim of all
channels
Function select allows the controls for channels
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 to be activated or inhibited,
the flight modes to be selected and flap trim,
flight mode trim and dual elevator trim to be
selected
Two multi point throttle curves can be programmed with up to 8 stored points. Each
throttle curve can be selected via your
choice of 8 switches or flight modes
Wing type allows the selection on normal,
flaperons, elevons, quad flaps, V-tail and
dual elevators as well as aileron differentials
(2 available).
Speed allows the independent selection of
servo speed on each of the 10 channels in
each of the 5 available flight modes.
Erases the programming in the selected model
only and resets parameters to factory
defaults
Snap roll direction and values can be set and
assigned to any of 5 flight modes
Up to 3 Gyro gain values can be individually
adjusted and selected by the AUX 2 switch
or in any of the 5 available flight modes.
Stick priority mixing can be easily set up
using the center and end values in the
screen. The capability for using 2 gyros with
independent adjustments is available in this
function (Note: A remotely adjustable
gyro must be used)
Programmable mixing selection and
adjustment are selected in any of the 5
available flight modes or a selected switch.
22
WING T
24
SPEED
28
RESET
31
S. ROLL
44
GYRO
51-55
12
PGM-MIX
62
63
64
66
75
77
78
81
83
84
85
86
87
88
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION
MULTI-POINT Up to an 8-point programmable mix curve can
PGM-MIX
be programmed and selected in any of the 5
available flight modes or a selected switch
A-R MIX
Aileron to rudder mixing
E-F MIX
Elevator to flap mixing
R-AE MIX
Rudder to aileron and rudder
to elevator mix
FLAP S.
Flap system offers 3 position flaps with
elevator compensation at each position. Flap
positions are selectable in 5 available flight
modes or on flap switch. An auto land function
is available that will automatically retract the
flaps if the throttle is advanced above a preprogrammed position
SERVO M
Servo monitor gives visual indication of all
servo positions. Code 75 also has two servo test
modes
F SAFE
Fail-safe memory and setting function in PCM
only
P LINK
Pilot link allows control of the 4 primary con-trols to be transferred to another JR radio via a
trainer cord, while master still remains in control of
secondary controls (i.e., flap, gear, mixes, etc.)
M NAME
Model name input
TRIM RATE
Trim authority is selectable for the 3 digital
trim and the mechanical throttle trim
MODEL
Model select 1–10
MODULATION Modulation select SPCM, ZPCM, PPM
TRANS
Model memory transfer only functional with
another 10X or with included DataSafe.
TIMER
Count-down, count-up and integrated timer
functions
K LOCK
Keyboard lock requires use of selected password to access programming
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.1
Code 11
Reversing Switches
This is an electronic means of reversing the throw of a given
(servo) channel. All ten (10) channels of the 10X offer servo
reversing. This will ease setup during servo installation.
Accessing and Utilizing the Servo Reversing
Function
Prior to accessing the servo reversing feature, determine which
servos’ travel needs to be reversed. To do so, move the controls of
your 10X and observe the travel direction of each servo. If the
respective servo is not moving properly (i.e., not in accordance
with the control input), then reverse its direction.
Upon determining which channels need to be reversed, access the
Servo Reversing function by entering Code 11 in the code number access selection or by using the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Indicates which code
is being programmed
Depiction of servo
travel direction
Touch
to
memorize data
and exit program
Respective
channel number.
Touch to reverse
servo travel direction
Denotes travel direction
(NOTE: If upper area is
shaded, travel is reversed;
If lower area is shaded,
then travel is normal)
To reverse the travel direction of any servo (channel), simply
touch the number that correlates to that channel. Note that the
shaded portion of the upper box moves to the opposite position.
This indicates the travel has been reversed.
Upon completing the servo’s travel direction, press ENTER to
exit this feature and memorize the servo travel direction.
Note: Normal is the factory default setting for all channels.
Data Reset (Code 28) will reset all servos to the normal direction.
10X MANUAL Airplane
13
8.2
Code 12
Travel Adjust/ATV/ End Point Adjust
The purpose of Travel Adjust, also known as adjustable travel
volume (ATV) or end point adjust, is to allow you to adjust the
total travel of a servo in both directions. The 10X offers travel
adjust for all ten (10) channels. The travel adjustment range is
from 0% to 150% and can be adjusted for each direction individually. Use this function to set the maximum control throws that
you’ll use to fly the aircraft. However, make sure that servo travel
is not so great that it causes binding by trying to move the surface
past its physical limitations. A servo that is stalled causes high
current drain and can cause radio drop outs, a condition where
receiver voltage drops below its operational minimum, causing
intermittent loss of control. A strong servo may also damage control surfaces and linkages if it travels too far.
the travel throw to the factory default, 100%, you can either press
the + and - keys simultaneously or press the CL key.
After adjusting the travel volume for all ten (10) channels, press
the ENTER key to exit this function and memorize these values.
Note: Any time you exit the Travel Adjust screen, the Travel
Adjust function will revert back to the simultaneous adjustment
mode.
Accessing and Utilizing the Travel Adjust/ATV
Function
To access the Travel Adjust function, enter Code 12 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Touch to allow each
direction of travel adjust
to be set individually
to
Touch
to Touch
access the next memorize data and
exit program
five channels
Channel
(servo)
Touch the
to
increase travel
adjust for shaded
area (0-150%)
Touch the
to
decrease the
travel adjust for
the shaded area
(0-150%)
Touch
simultaneously, or
press CL to reset the
shaded area to 100%
factory default
The 10X has a new feature that makes setting up travel adjust
both quicker and easier. The 10X allows the option of both travel
adjustment directions (up/down, right/left) to be adjusted either
simultaneously or independently. From the factory default settings, the 10X is set to simultaneously adjust both direction indicated by the shaded area covers both direction values and an S
appears in the shaded box at the top of the screen (see above
screen). This is helpful in adjusting the overall rough travel values of the servos. To independently fine tune travel adjustment in
each direction, press the S button at the top of the screen. The
shaded area now only covers one of the values and only that
value will be adjusted.
Note: In this mode the shaded box follows whichever direction
you move the control. It is this value that you will be adjusting.
Press the + key to increase the amount of servo travel and the
- key to shorten the amount of servo throw. If you want to reset
14
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.3
of +20% is a good place to start. This will give you the feel that
Expo offers, but won’t be so different than what you’ve been flying.
Note: The 10X allows a negative (-) Exponential value to be
programmed. This has the opposite effect as described above in
that (-) Expo values will cause the control response to be greater
(more sensitive) around neutral. Negative Expo values are very
seldom used and should be tried with caution.
Your 10X offers you your choice of five different response curves
for your aileron, elevator and rudder controls. We suggest that
you experiment with the curves, as they can greatly enhance the
performance of your R/C aircraft.
The graphs below are shown to help demonstrate how each of the
response curves differ:
Graph 1 represents the normal, or linear, stick control. The servo
response is equal throughout the stick movement.
Graph 2 represents the normal stick control with the introduction
of positive exponential. The response or rate of servo travel is
less at the neutral point and increases as the stick reaches its travel limits. This type of exponential rate is useful if the controls are
very sensitive around the neutral point.
Note: If negative exponential were used, the response, or
“feel,” of the control would be opposite. The response, or rate, of
servo travel would be greater near the neutral point.
Graph 3 represents the VTR (Variable Trace Rates). With the
VTR feature activated, your transmitter operates in the dual rate
mode until it reaches the selected VTR point (50%–90%).
Control then switches to the higher rate.
Graph 4 represents a combination of linear and exponential
rates. Your control functions on a linear curve until it reaches
50% stick travel, where it switches to an exponential curve. In
other words, it is a linear center and a expo curved a the extremes
of travel.
Graph 5 represents an Expo Linear curve. However, travel rates
are exponential around center and then switch to linear after 50%
of stick travel.
Code 13
Dual Rate/Exponential Adjustments
Up to five programmable rates, each with their own exponential
values, are offered on the aileron, elevator and rudder channels
when flight modes are activated. (Three rates are available for
aileron elevator and rudder in normal mode.) In addition, rate and
expo values are independently adjustable in each direction,
allowing you to perfectly tailor the response and feel of your aircraft. We’ve found this especially beneficial with aerobatic airplanes as the dual rate and expo values to achieve the same
response/feel with up and down elevator can be quite different.
Dual rates offer the ability to adjust the travel of the primary control surfaces (aileron, elevator, rudder) via a switch, thus altering
the aircraft’s response rate so specific maneuvers can be
achieved. Aggressive maneuvers like 3D aerobatics or torque
rolls require large control throws, while slow rolls, rolling circles
or a landing approach require much smaller control throws to
avoid over-sensitivity. Dual rates allow you to change your aircraft’s response in flight.
Exponential does not affect the overall travel (end points) of the
channel/servo. Exponential affects the rate at which the servo
moves in intermediate positions (less than full travel) and is typically used to desensitize the neutral area such that minor corrections can be input easily to level the aircraft. When exponential is
not used, the servo response rate is linear. That is, for every incremental step the control stick moves, the servo also moves in the
same increments. If the stick moves 10%, the servo moves 10%.
When Exponential is activated, a positive (+) Expo value causes
the servo to move less than the stick when the stick is near the
neutral position. For example, the stick may be moved 20% while
the servo moves 10%. As the stick is moved further from center,
the servo movement is increased, and at the extremes of travel,
the % of servo travel is actually higher than the stick travel. The
larger the (+) Expo value selected, the less sensitivity (reduced
servo movement) will occur around neutral, but a greater sensitivity will occur at the extremes of travel.
As mentioned, Expo is typically used to reduce sensitivity around
neutral stick positions while still having high control authority at
the extremes of travel. This provides the pilot with very smooth,
precise control while using relatively large movements with the
control sticks. If you’d like to try Expo for the first time, a value
Graph 1
10X MANUAL Airplane
Graph 2
Accessing and Utilizing the Dual Rates Function
The adjustable range for each of the dual rate switch positions is
0–100%. When Dual Rate is set to 100%, travel is equal to the
travel set in Travel Adjust or ATV (Code 12), which can be from
0% to 100%. It may also be influenced by Trace Rate setting
Graph 3
Graph 4
Graph 5
15
(Code 14). To enter the Dual Rate function, enter Code 13 in the
code number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Touch the PAGE key to call up the desired channel (aileron, elevator, or rudder) for which you want to adjust the rate.
Select the switch position for which you want to adjust the rate.
To select the switch position, move the dual rate switch (relative
to the desired channel) to the proper setting 0, 1, 2.
Note: Dual rates can also be assigned to flight modes (Code
17). If flight modes are active, use the assigned flight mode switch
to select the desired flight mode that the dual rates are to be
adjusted in.
Next, adjust the rate for the channel and the switch position or
flight mode that you have previously selected. To decrease the
throw rate, press the - key. To increase the throw rate, touch the +
key.
After the rates have been adjusted to your satisfaction, begin to
adjust the exponential values. Remember that the exponential
values do not change the total servo travel. They only alter the
way in which this rate, or travel, is reached.
Note: If you are using Dual Rates and/or Exponential for the
first time with a given model, it’s recommended that you not use
flight modes during these first flights. (See page 19, Code 17, for
more details about flight modes.)
Adjustment of the Exponential Curves
The adjustment range of the exponential curve is from 0% to
±100% for each of the respective channels.
The greater the positive exponential value, the less servo action,
or sensitivity, you will notice around the
neutral setting. The greater the negative
value, the more servo action, or sensitivity,
you will notice at the neutral point.
The graphs at left may aid in understanding the exponential curve.
In the top graph, the response, or rate of
servo travel, is less at the neutral point and
increases as the stick reaches its travel
limits. This positive exponential rate is
useful if the controls are very sensitive
around the neutral point. The solid diagonal line represents a linear response rate.
In the bottom graph, the response rate of
this servo is greater around neutral and
decreases as the stick reaches its travel
limits. This negative exponential rate is
useful if the control is very slow or unresponsive around the neutral point. The diagonal solid line represents the linear response rate.
16
Note: Negative exponential rate is seldom used.
Caution: If using negative exponential for the first time, be
careful, as this may cause the aircraft to be over-sensitive around
neutral, and it may be very difficult to control.
To adjust the exponential rate, use the +, - and CL keys. The
+ key increases the exponential rate, while the - key decreases the
response rate. To clear the exponential rates, touch the CL key, or
the + and - keys simultaneously.
VTR: Variable Trace Rate
This feature can be thought of as a double rates. When VTR is
active, servo response follows the dual rate value until the selected VTR point is reached (50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, or 90%). When
the VTR point is reached, the servo rate increases, and the servo
follows the high rate determined by travel adjust.
Summary of Response Curve Selections
NORMAL
VTR 50%
••
•
VTR 90%
EXP/LIN
LIN/EXP
Linear, D/R or Exponential Adjustments
Will operate in dual rate mode until it reaches the selected
VTR point; control VTR 90% will then switch to the higher rate
Up to 50% stick travel around center at pre-set exponential
value and switch to linear
Up to 50% stick travel around center at pre-set linear value
and switch to exponential
Adjusting Dual Rates and Expo Value Independently
in Each Direction
The 10X allows dual rates and/or Expo values to be independently adjusted in each direction of servo travel. This is extremely
useful in that many aircraft have differing pitch, roll or yaw rates
in each direction, and a different value is needed to achieve the
same response and feel in both directions. It’s typical for an aerobatic aircraft to require slightly more down dual rate and less
Expo value to achieve the same feel for up and down elevator.
To independently adjust the dual rate or Expo value for each
direction, simply move the appropriate stick in the desired direction, and the shaded box will highlight only the selected direction. Now adjustments can be made to that direction only.
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.4
Code 14
Trace Rate
The purpose of the Trace Rate function is to simultaneously
adjust the servo travel of the channel selected, as well as any
channel(s) that are mixed to that channel. Trace Rate is available
on the three primary controls only—aileron, elevator and rudder.
This function is extremely helpful and can be used in the following example:
Two servos are used for the rudder, with one servo being plugged
into the rudder socket in the receiver and the other servo being
plugged into an auxiliary channel. A programmable mix is then
used to mix rudder to the AUX channel being used. Adjust the
travel adjust for rudder and the travel adjust for AUX until the
servo throws are the same. Now to increase or decrease the throw
of both rudder servos simultaneously, adjust the trace rate value.
When using two aileron servos in flaperon, elevon or quad flap
mode, the aileron trace rate will affect both servos.
Accessing and Utilizing the Trace Rate Function
To access the Trace Rate function, enter Code 14 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Your screen will appear as follows:
Move the appropriate stick in the desire direction to highlight the
Indicates feature
being programmed
Touch the or
key to increase (+) or
decrease (–) the travel of the selected
channel and any channel that is mixed to
that channel. Touch the CL key to return
values to the factory preset value
Touch
to
memorize data and
exit program
Move the control
stick left or right to
move the cursor
to the desired
posiiton for that
channel
percentage to be changed.
Touch the + key to increase or the - key to decrease the travel of
the selected channel and any channel being mixed to this channel.
The adjustment range is from 0–150%.
Note: In some instances, it’s possible to overdrive the limits of
the servo with a large value in Travel Adjust and Trace Rate.
10X MANUAL Airplane
17
8.5
Code 15
Sub-Trim Adjustment
The Sub-Trim Adjustment is a feature that allows you to electronically fine tune the centering of your servos and is individually adjustable for all ten (10) channels with a range of +/-250% in
2% increments (+/-30° servo travel).
Accessing and Utilizing the Sub-Trim Adjustments
To access the Sub-Trim Adjustments, enter Code 15 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Channel (servo)
Indicates function
being programed
Touch
to
increase
trim value
Offset value ±
Touch
to display
other five channels
Touch
to
decrease
trim value
Touch
to
memorize data
and exit program
Touch
and
simultaneously,
or press CL to
reset to factory
default setting, 0
This feature enables you to electronically correct for slight
mechanical misalignments that previously had to be corrected
manually.
Caution: Do not use excessive sub-trim adjustments since it is
possible to overdrive your servo’s maximum travel if it is offcenter. Remember that this is a trim convenience feature. It is not
intended to take the place of the proper mechanical trim adjustments that are necessary on any R/C model. Offset servos can
produce a differential throw effect.
Press the + or - key to increase the amount of sub-trim. To reset
the sub-trims to the factory default of 0, press the + and - keys
simultaneously or press the CL key.
After adjusting the sub-trims for the first five channels, touch the
PAGE key to access the last five channels.
Upon completion of the sub-trim adjustments, press the ENTER
key to memorize the settings and to exit the program.
Note: On previous generation of JR’s 10-channel computer
radios, the sub-trim adjustment values are adjustable from 0 to
125% in 1% increments. Your 10X in adjustable in 2% increments up to 250%. If you’re transferring over sub-trim values
from a previous generation JR 10-channel radio to the 10X, the
sub-trim values of the older 10-channel radio must be doubled in
order to properly match when programmed into the 10X.
18
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.6
The following chart shows the function and the switch, lever or
knob location and its corresponding channel.
Code 17
Function Select
The Function Select function affects four different programming
parameters. These include the activation or inhibiting of the gear,
flap, AUX 2, AUX 3, AUX 4 and AUX 5 controls (levers, switches, knobs); the activation and switch selection of the flight
modes; the activation or inhibiting of the flight mode trim, flap
trim, and elevator roll trim.
Accessing and Utilizing the Function Select Function
To access the Function Select function, enter Code 17 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Your screen will appear as follows:
Arrow indicates
control selected
Indicates feature
being programmed
Touch
Touch
to
access next screen to exit program
Touch
to select the
control you wish to inhibit or
activate
Press
or
to clear or activate the
selected control
Function
Gear
Flap
AUX 2
AUX 3
AUX 4
AUX 5
Location
Top left back switch
Left side lever
Right front face
Right side lever
Rotary knob right front face
Rotary knob left front face
RX Channel
5 or gear
6
7
8
9
10
It should be noted that when a switch or knob has been inhibited,
it can still be used to control mixing or other channels without
affecting the control of the channel that the switch, lever or knob
is normally associated with. See Origin Mix in the Programmable
Mixing function (Codes 51-58) for more details.
Flight Mode
To access the flight mode menu, touch page in Code 17, Function
Select.
The flight mode menu located on the second page of Function
Select, Code 17, allows you to inhibit/actuate the flight modes
and to assign the flight modes to one of three switch locations.
These switch locations include the aileron D/R switch, the elevator D/R switch or the rudder D/R switch.
Indicates feature
being programmed
Activating/Inhibiting the Gear, Flap, AUX 2, AUX 3,
AUX 4 and AUX 5 Knobs, Switches and Levers
The 10X allows the activation or inhibiting of the gear, flap, AUX
2, AUX 3, AUX 4 and AUX 5 knobs, switches and levers.
Inhibiting allows these upper 6 channels to be used as slave mixing channels, while their corresponding levers, knobs or switches
will have no affect on the servo output. It also allows an inhibited
lever, switch, or knob to be used to control other mixing functions.
Note: When a knob, switch or lever is inhibited in Function
Select, the output assumes a neutral position.
Arrow indicates
channel selected
Touch
to access
flight mode select screen
Touch
to
exit program
Touch
to select the
desired channel
10X MANUAL Airplane
Press
or
to clear
or activate the selected channel
Touch
to select the
desired switch location for
flight modes or to inhibit
Touch
to
activate flight
modes 3 and 4
Indicates flight Touch
mode 3 and 4 to activate
are inhibited
FM trim
Indicates switch position of
flight mode (elevator,
aileron, or rudder D/R
switch or INH)
Flight Mode Trim
The 10X offers a unique feature called Flight Mode Trim that
allows separate individual trim settings that are automatically
selected in each of the available flight modes. When FM Trim and
Flight Modes are activated, the digital trims will independently
adjust the servo trim position only in the current Flight Mode that
is selected. A useful example of FM Trim is when in Flight Mode
1 half flaps are deployed and in Flight Mode 2 full flaps are
deployed. With FM trim activated, simply trim your airplane in
normal flight (FM-0) then switch to Flight Mode 1 and retrim the
elevator and any rolling tendencies using the digital trims. Then
switch to Flight Mode 2 and repeat the process. The 10X will
memorize each Flight Mode’s trim settings automatically and
19
switch to those trim settings when that particular Flight Mode is
selected. Also note that the trim setting for each Flight Mode is
displayed on the info screen when each Flight Mode is selected.
Note: It’s important to remember that when FM Trim is activated, any trim changes made affect only the Flight Mode that
you are presently in and will have no affect on the trim in any
other flight.
When FM Trim is inhibited, the digital trim positions affect all
Flight Modes and changes made in any Flight Mode will affect
all other Flight Modes.
Flight Mode Switch Position
As illustrated above, the flight modes can be located in one of
three positions, the aileron, elevator or the rudder dual rate
switches. When a switch is selected, the other two switches are
turned off and have no effect.
When only three flight modes are selected, programming the
extra to INH causes the flight modes to function as follows:
Selected flight mode switch
Utilizing Flight Modes
It is highly recommended that all pilots, regardless of their prior
experience, take the time to become familiar with programming
and using the system’s individual functions and controls before
proceeding with the more advanced Flight Mode feature.
The pilot should first program and fly the aircraft using basic
functions. These initial flights will be very useful in trimming the
aircraft, identifying its flight characteristics, and becoming familiar with the 10X programming, functions, and operation. The
pilot can then proceed with programming other individual functions until the desired functions are operating satisfactorily. After
this is accomplished, the pilot may, at his discretion, confidently
proceed with programming and implementing the Flight Mode
feature where individual functions are combined to form Flight
Modes.
To assist you in obtaining the greatest possible benefit from the
JR 10X Flight Mode feature, we have developed a procedure to
guide you through programming Flight Modes. The procedure is
straightforward, practical, and will allow you to program Flight
Mode settings in a very safe, deliberate, and controlled fashion.
F/M 0
Flight Modes
F/M 1
F/M 2
When only flight mode 0, 1, 2 are activated
To activate Flight Modes 3 and 4, touch ACT below EXTRA in
the flight mode screen.
Now, the mix switch, located on the back right of the transmitter,
allows you to access Flight Mode 3 or 4 when it’s flipped in the
forward position.
Selected flight mode switch
Mix Switch
F/M 0
F/M 1
Rear
position
F/M 2
F/M 0
F/M 3
Forward
position
F/M 4
When EXTRA is activated, the above switch positioning allows
you to access five flight modes.
Note: When the selected flight mode switch is in the upper, or
away, position, Flight Mode 0 is always activated regardless of
the position of the mix switch. It’s recommended that Flight Mode
0 be used as a standard “safe setting” (we call it home base) so
that in case of an emergency (flame out), returning this switch to
the 0 position will deactivate any unusual setting, making for an
easy dead stick landing.
20
What is a Flight Mode? A Flight Mode represents an aircraft configuration that is designed or optimized to assist the pilot and the
aircraft in performing a specific flight task, or group of tasks.
Examples of flight tasks include, but are certainly not limited to,
the following: takeoff, landing, normal-speed maneuvering, highspeed maneuvering, snap rolling, slow-flight maneuvering, spot
landing, smooth and graceful maneuvering, 3-D maneuvering,
and a host of others that are defined by the variety of aircraft,
accessories, and flying styles that exist in today’s R/C hobby.
The objective of programming Flight Modes is to setup each
Flight Mode (switch position) to provide an ideal aircraft configuration for performing a particular flight task(s). It has the effect
of reducing the pilot’s workload and optimizing the aircraft’s performance in the flight envelope that is typically associated with
the task (e.g., landing usually involves slow flight and maybe
extended gear, lowered flaps, and other things that result in a
high-drag airframe).
For instance, the pilot decides to use Flight Mode number 0
(FM-0) for landing. Switching to FM-0 on the transmitter lowers
the landing gear, lowers the flaps, adds elevator and aileron trim
to compensate for flap deployment, and selects the appropriate
control throws to be effective at low landing speed. All of this
(and more!) can be accomplished by flipping one switch to select
FM-0. This represents a substantial reduction in the Pilot’s workload and risk to the aircraft when compared to flipping multiple
switches to the correct positions. The pilot’s workload is further
reduced by the fact that control rates/curves and other settings are
selected to provide for optimum maneuvering at low landing
speeds in the landing configuration.
10X MANUAL Airplane
The 10X contains a number of functions that include built-in programming for Flight Modes, including:
• Individual (up to 5) dual rates and exponential curves for
aileron, elevator, and rudder
• Flap positions with elevator trim correction
• Servo speed for all 10 channels
• Three gyro gain settings are available on two channels simultaneously, including stick priority gain
• Aileron differential
• Snap roll settings for primary flight controls (rate/direction)
• Aileron-to-rudder mixing
• Rudder-to-aileron and rudder-to-elevator mixing
• Up to 8 programmable mixers (includes 3 multi-point mixers)
While the majority of the items listed above pertain to specific
functions, the fact that eight programmable mixers are included
provides the pilot with an unlimited number of other possibilities in
determining the aircraft’s behavior when a Flight Mode is selected.
Flight Mode Programming
It’s not practical to program all Flight Mode settings at one time,
especially for a new aircraft. This approach would be difficult,
time-consuming, risky, and would probably result in less-thanoptimum Flight Mode configurations. Therefore, our recommended procedure is based upon a building block, or phased, approach
that involves programming and adding functions to Flight Modes
one at a time. This allows the pilot to program a function, test-fly
the function with minimal risk, and fine tune the settings for optimal performance before adding the function to Flight Modes.
If the pilot has already programmed and flown individual functions, then the functions may be added to Flight Modes one or a
few at a time without extensive testing. Follow the steps below to
program Flight Mode features until you become familiar with the
general approach and are ready to experiment on your own.
Note: The 10X provides the option of having three Flight
Modes (FM-0, FM-1, FM-2) or five Flight Modes (FM-0, FM-1,
FM-2, FM-3, FM-4). Therefor, references to FM-0 – FM-4 may
be replaced by FM-0 – FM-2 if the pilot has activated only three
Flight Modes.
Preliminary Flight Mode Programming
When the Flight Mode feature is first activated, only one function
is automatically associated with Flight Modes. This one function
is the Dual Rate (D/R & EXP) function (Code 13), which affects
the movements of the three primary flight controls (aileron, elevator, and rudder). All other functions and features are optional
and can be assigned to Flight Modes at the pilot’s discretion.
Since the D/R&EXP function is automatically associated with
Flight Modes when Flight Modes are activated, this function
must be addressed first. Take some time to become familiar with
10X MANUAL Airplane
the explanations of the Flight Mode switches in Code 17. Pay
particular attention to the note regarding the FM-0 (or “home
base”) position, and using this position to achieve “safe settings”
for dead-stick or other emergency situations. The steps below
provide for setting up dual rates and curves and assigning them to
the Flight Mode.
With the flight modes activated in Code 17, use the DR&EXP
function (Code 13) to select and program rates/curves for the
ailerons, elevator, and rudder. The D/R switch to which you
assigned the Flight Mode function is used to select the 0, 1, and 2
(and optionally 3 and 4) positions for each control for programming purposes. Simply move the switch to the desired flight
mode position and then adjust the rate and expo for that flight
mode. Refer to Code 13 for more information.
Once Flight Modes have been activated, two of the D/R switches
become inoperative and will no longer select rates/curves. This
activity is transferred exclusively to the third D/R switch you
have selected to control Flight Modes--it is now the Flight Mode
switch. This also applies to the D/R&EXP function itself should
you wish to adjust one or more rates/curves. The Flight Mode
switch must be used to select between the 0, 1, and 2 position for
each control while in the D/R&EXP function (Code 13) in order
to make adjustments to the rates/curves.
Note: If you intend to set up Flight Modes for takeoff and landing, make a mental note of which Flight Modes (FM-0–FM-4) you
are going to use for each. If the same aircraft configuration is
going to be used for both takeoff and landing, then a single Flight
Mode can be used. It will be necessary to remember which Flight
Modes are for takeoff and landing if there are other functions that
you wish to activate for these two modes, such as extending the
landing gear and lowering flaps. Also be sure to select the appropriate D/R&EXP settings for takeoff and landing Flight Modes.
Put some flights on the aircraft to become familiar with your
Flight Mode switch(s), and the rates/curves that are active in each
Flight Mode. Use the D/R&EXP function (Code 13) to adjust
rates and curves until you’re satisfied with performance.
Preliminary Flight Mode programming is now complete. When
you’re comfortable with flying the aircraft in this basic Flight
Mode configuration, proceed with programming, test flying, and
adjusting the settings for the next function (if any) that is to be
added to Flight Modes.
Retractable Landing Gear
If your aircraft is equipped with retractable landing gear and you
would like to control them as a function of Flight Modes, this
may be the next logical feature to program. The procedure
21
described below uses a programmable mix and the GEAR channel (channel 5) to mix the GEAR channel to itself.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active, the
pilot has identified a Flight Mode(s) to be used for takeoff and
landing, and the D/R&EXP settings have been established as
described above. It is also assumed that a Retract Servo is used
to control the landing gear operation and the retract linkages
have been adjusted for proper operation.
1. Make sure that the GEAR switch is active in the Function
Select feature (Code 17).
2. Select an unused Program Mix (Codes 51-55). Enter “5” as
the master and “5” as the slave, mixing the GEAR channel to
itself. Touch ENTER to obtain the next Program Mix screen.
3. Pull the Retract Switch toward you and leave it in this position.
4. Touch STORE. (A negative percentage will appear under
OFFSET. This value will typically be –85%.)
5. Touch PAGE to advance to the switch/position selection
screen. Set the Flight Modes (FM-0 – FM4) that you will use
for takeoff and landing (gear down) to POS-1. All other FMs
and switches should indicate POS-0.
6. Touch PAGE twice to get back to the first Program Mix
screen.
7. Position the Flight Mode switch to select a Flight Mode that
will have the gear retracted (gear up). POS-0 should appear
over the “0” percentages at the right of the screen.
8. Touch + until the percentage reads approximately 50% (anything over 30% usually works).
9. Touch ENTER to exit the Program Mix function and go to the
Function Select feature (Code 17).
10. Inhibit the GEAR switch in Code 17, and then touch ENTER
to exit Function Select.
11. Try the Flight Mode switch (not the retract switch) to see if
the retracts work. If they work properly you are finished. If
they do not work at all, proceed to the next step. If they work,
but move in the wrong direction, go to Step 13 below.
12. If the retracts do not work at all, access the Program Mix (5155) that was used in Step 2 above. Position the Flight Mode
switch so that POS-0 appears over the percentage (50%).
Touch TURN to change the percentage to “-”. Now check
retract operation again. If the retracts operate properly you are
finished.
13. If the retracts work with the Flight Mode switch but move in
the wrong direction, access the Program Mix (51-55) that was
used in Step 3 above and touch PAGE to advance to the
switch/position selection screen.
Now “swap” the POS-0 and POS-1 settings for FM-0 – FM-4
(change all POS-1s to POS-0s and all POS-0s to POS-1s). Leave
all other switches set to POS-0. The retracts should now operate
correctly with the Flight Mode switch.
22
Flaps
If your aircraft is equipped with flaps or you’re using the
Flaperon feature and would like flap operation to be controlled as
part of one or more Flight Modes, follow the steps outlined
below.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established. It also assumes
that a flap servo(s) (or left aileron servo if Flaperon is active) is
plugged into the Flap or AUX 1 channel of the receiver.
1.The Flap System description (Code 66) recommends inhibiting
the Flap Lever in the Function Select feature (Code 17). So
bring-up the Function Select feature (Code 17) and be sure that
the Flap Lever on the first page of the display is inhibited.
2.Bring up the Flap System function (Code 66). With the transmitter and receiver turned-on, put the Flap Switch in the Mid
position and touch + or - to set the flap throw in the Mid position. Then move the switch to the Land position and touch
+ or - keys to set the flap throw in this position.
If you already know the direction and approximate amount of
elevator input that will be required to counteract pitch changes
caused by lowering the flaps, enter elevator values at this time
in the same fashion as was done for the flap throws.
3.Test-fly the aircraft and use the Flap switch to deploy the flaps
at a safe altitude. Use the Flap System function (Code 66) to
adjust the flap and elevator settings to obtain the desired flight
characteristics for both the Mid and Land settings. Once you’re
comfortable with flap performance, proceed with the next step
to assign the Flap System to Flight Modes. Don’t worry if
deploying the flaps causes the aircraft to roll or yaw, or otherwise be out of trim. This can be taken care of using the digital
trims with Flight Mode Trim, Code 17 activated.
4.Bring up the Flap System function (Code 66) and touch PAGE
to obtain the second screen of the display. Assign flap operation to each Flight Mode (FM-0 – FM-4) as described in the
Code 66 function.
• Assigning a 0 to a Flight Mode inhibits flap operation for the
Flight Mode. (Flaps cannot be deployed when this FM is
selected, not even with the Flap switch).
• Assigning “FLAP” to a Flight Mode allows the pilot to use the
Flap Switch to control flap deployment (MID and LAND)
when the Flight Mode is selected. The flaps will be controlled
in the same fashion as when the aircraft was test-flown in Step
3 above.
• Assigning “MID” to a Flight Mode will result in the flaps lowering to the Mid position whenever the Flight Mode is selected. The Flap switch is inhibited when this Flight Mode is
selected.
10X MANUAL Airplane
• Assigning “LAND” to a Flight Mode results in the flaps lowering to the Land position. The Flap switch is inhibited when this
Flight Mode is selected.
5. Double check your programming before flying the aircraft to
ensure that the flaps deploy the right amount for each Flight
Mode. Also check to see if flap deployment occurs in conjunction with other takeoff and landing activities, such as the gear
extending. Thoroughly ground check Flight Mode activities
and settings before flying the aircraft.
6. Fly the aircraft to become familiar with the flaps operating as a
part of your Flight Modes.
Servo Speed
If less-than-normal servo speed is desired for one or more channels and Flight Modes have been activated, the Servo Speed function (Code 24) must be programmed for Flight Modes. The Servo
Speed function allows the pilot to decrease the speed of any servos connected to the ten 10X channels (the function cannot
increase a servo’s speed beyond its rated speed). A practical
application of this function is to reduce the speed of the throttle
servo to the extent that “jamming” the throttle stick cannot cause
the engine to flood and die. It can also be used to provide a very
slow throttle response that imitates the spooling-up of a jet aircraft, thereby adding another measure of realism.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established as described above.
1. Access the Servo Speed function (Code 24). Touch MODE to
cycle through the Flight Modes. For each Flight Mode in
which you want to adjust the speed of one or more servos,
touch + or - under the appropriate channel(s) to adjust the
speed of servos that are plugged into the corresponding ports
in the receiver. Values are provided in degrees per second. If a
selected value is greater than the servo’s rated speed, the servo
will move at its rated speed. This function cannot increase a
servo’s speed above its rated speed.
Note: Use caution if you decrease the speed of primary flight
control servos. You may not be able to control the aircraft properly if the servos move too slowly.
2. Ground test the servo speed settings to ensure that the proper
settings are activated with the intended Flight Modes. Make
adjustments as appropriate.
3. Fly the aircraft to become familiar with this additional Flight
Mode feature.
Gyro Gain
If your aircraft is equipped with a gyro and you would like the
Flight Modes to control gyro gain, perform the steps provided
below.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established as described above.
It is further assumed that the gyro is equipped with an in-flight
adjustment feature such as that found in JR’s NEJ-900.
10X MANUAL Airplane
1. Plug the gyro into the AUX 2 port of the receiver and follow
the directions provided with the gyro for other connections.
2. Access the Gyro Function (Code 44). Activate the function by
touching SEL under INH and select the appropriate channels for
gain (Aux2or Aux3) and flight surface (RUDD, ELEV, AIL).
3. Move the AUX 2 switch to the upper position and touch + or to set the position-0 gyro gain percentages. Now move the
AUX 2 switch to the middle position and set the position-1
gyro gain percentage in the same fashion. Finally, move the
AUX 2 switch to the lower position and set the position-2 gyro
gain percentage. (See Code 44, page 38, for more details on
setting up the gyros.)
Note: It is strongly recommended that one of these positions be
set for zero (0) percent gain where the gyro is essentially turned
off. This will help to protect against a crash due to an over-sensitive gyro gain condition.
4. Test-fly the aircraft and use the AUX 2 switch to test the gyro gain
settings. Use the Gyro function Code 44 to make adjustments to
the gain settings and test-fly again. Repeat this procedure until
you’re satisfied with gyro performance in all three positions.
5. Access the Gyro function Code 44. Touch PAGE to obtain the
Flight Mode screen. Now assign a gyro gain position (0, 1, 2)
to each of the Flight Modes. Touching SEL under a Flight
Mode (FM-0– FM-4) will cycle through the gyro gain positions—0, 1, and 2.
6. Fly the aircraft to become familiar with gyro gain controlled
by the Flight Mode switch.
Aileron Differential
If the aircraft is using a wing type of Flaperon, Elevon, or quadflap where two channels are used for ailerons and the pilot would
like to employ aileron differential based upon Flight Modes, follow the steps below. This procedure allows for assigning one of
two aileron differential values to each Flight Mode. If one of
these values is set to zero, you will be able to turn aileron differential on and off.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established. It is also assumed
that a wing type of Flaperon, Elevon, or quad-flap is being used,
where two channels are used for ailerons.
1. Access the Wing Type function (Code 22).
2. If you would like a single aileron differential setting to be in
effect for all Flight Modes, touch the + or - keys to set the
amount of differential for the first position (P0) and touch
TURN if necessary to obtain the proper direction.
Programming is complete—touch ENTER to exit the Wing
Type function.
3. At this point it is assumed you would like to switch between
two aileron differential values. If one of these values is set to
zero, you will be able to turn aileron differential off by selecting the position that has the 0 value.
Touch PAGE to obtain the switch/position display. For each
23
Flight Mode that is to have an aileron differential greater than
zero, touch SEL under the Flight Mode to indicate position
P-1. Leave all other FMs and switches set to P-0.
4.Touch PAGE until the first Wing Type display appears. Move
the Flight Mode switch to a position where P1 appears over the
TURN indicator. Now touch the + or - keys to set the amount
of differential for P1 and touch TURN if necessary to obtain
the proper direction. Now all Flight Modes that are set to P-1
on the switch/position display will incorporate this amount of
aileron differential.
If you would like aileron differential turned off for all other
Flight Modes, programming is complete and you can touch
ENTER to exit the Wing Type function. Test fly the aircraft and
fine tune the differential setting as may be necessary.
5.If you would like to use a different amount of aileron differential for the Flight Modes that are set to P-0 on the switch/position display, move the Flight Mode switch to a position where
P-0 appears over the TURN indicator. Now touch the + or keys to set the amount of differential for P-0 and touch TURN
if necessary to obtain the proper direction. Now all Flight
Modes that are set to P-0 will incorporate this amount of
aileron differential, while those set to P-1 will result in the
amount of differential indicated for P-1. Test fly the aircraft and
adjust the differential values as necessary.
Snap Rolls
If the pilot wishes to assign snap roll directions and rates to
Flight Modes, follow the steps below. This feature may be implemented without test flying, as it poses no undue risk to the aircraft if snaps are performed at a reasonable airspeed and altitude.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established as described earlier.
1. Access the Snap Roll function (Code 31). Touch SEL under
ACT until F. MODE appears.
2. Touch PAGE to obtain the next screen where the Snap Roll
directions and positions are assigned to Flight Modes.
3. Set the snap roll direction for each Flight Mode (FM-0–FM-4)
by touching the left SEL under each Flight Mode. Touching the
left SEL will cycle through all of the directions (RU, RD, LU,
LD).
4. Examine the direction that you have selected for each Flight
Mode. If there are two or more Flight Modes that have the
same direction (RU, RD, etc.) and you wish to have different
throws (percentages) associated with this direction, proceed
24
with Step 5 below. If you want the same throws associated with
a direction that is specified more than once, go to Step 6 below.
5. In order to specify different throws for the same direction;
touch the right SEL under the appropriate Flight Mode(s) to
indicate either P0 or P1. There is a limit of two sets of throws
for each direction. The flight modes designated as P0 for a
given direction will have one set of throws while the Flight
Modes designated as P1 for the same direction will have another set of throws.
6. It is now time to set the throws (percentages) for the directions
that have been established for each Flight Mode. Touch PAGE
to return to the previous screen where the percentages are displayed and may be adjusted.
7. Set the Flight Mode switch to FM-0. Notice that the direction
that was set for FM-0 on the previous screen is highlighted. Set
the percentages of travel for the AILE, ELEV and RUDD
using the + and - keys. These are now the snap roll settings for
FM-0.
8. Next, move the Flight Mode Switch to FM-1 and set the percentages in the same fashion as described above for FM-0.
Repeat the process for FM-2–FM-4.
9. Fly the aircraft and try the snap roll settings. Adjust settings
using Code 31.
Aileron-to-Rudder Mixing
If the pilot wishes to assign this type of mixing to Flight Modes,
follow the steps below. This procedure allows for assigning one
of two mixing values to each Flight Mode. If one of these values
is set to zero, you will be able to turn the mixing on and off using
the Flight mode switch. If the mix is to be turned on all of the
time, program the POS0 percentages only, and set all Flight
Modes to POS0 or program percentages for both POS0 and
POS1.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established as described earlier.
Note: It is recommended that you initially leave the POS0
percentages set to zero and only program mix percentages into
POS1. This will allow you to turn the mix on (POS1) and off
(POS0) with the Flight Mode switch for initial test flying and
adjustment. The steps provided below will take you through this
setup process.
1. Access the Aileron-to-Rudder Mix function (Code 62) and
refer to the appropriate section of the manual.
2. Program left and right mix percentages into POS1.
10X MANUAL Airplane
3. Touch PAGE to obtain the switch/position display. Identify the
Flight Mode where the mixing will be activated. Touch SEL
under this flight mode to indicate that it will use POS1. Leave
all other switches set to POS0. Now mixing will be activated
only when this Flight Mode is selected.
4. Test fly the aircraft and test the mixing by selecting the Flight
Mode that was indicated as using POS1. Adjust the mixing
percentages using Function Code 62 to obtain the desired
amount of mixing.
5. You may now return to Code 62 to program the POS0 settings
and/or to assign the mixing values to other Flight Modes.
Remember, in order to be able to turn mixing off using the
Flight Mode switch, one of the positions (POS0 or POS1) mixing values must be set to zero.
Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator Mixing
This function is useful for mixing out pitch and roll coupling that
results from rudder input, such as in the knife edge attitude. If the
pilot wishes to assign this type of mixing to Flight Modes, follow
the steps below. This procedure allows for assigning one of two
mixing values for both the Aileron and Elevator to each Flight
Mode. If one set of values is zero for both the Aileron and
Elevator, you will be able to turn the mixing on and off using the
Flight Mode switch. If the mix is to be turned on all of the time,
program the POS0 percentages only and set all Flight Modes to
POS0, or program percentages for both POS0 and POS1 to
always have one of two values activated.
Note: It is assumed that Flight Modes are already active and
the D/R&EXP settings have been established as described earlier.
Note: It is recommended that you initially leave the POS0 percentages set to zero for both the Aileron and Elevator mix and
only program mix percentages into POS1. This will allow you to
turn the mix on (POS1) and off (POS0) with the Flight Mode
switch for initial test flying and adjustment. The steps provided
below will take you through this setup process.
1. Access the Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator Mix function (Code
64) and refer to the appropriate section in the manual.
2. Program POS1 mix percentages (if any) for the ailerons. Touch
PAGE and program POS1 percentages (if any) for the Elevator.
3. Touch PAGE to obtain the switch/position display. Identify a
Flight Mode that is not used for takeoff or landing. Touch SEL
under this flight mode to indicate that it will use POS1. Leave
all other switches set to POS0. Now mixing will be activated
only when this Flight Mode is selected.
4. Test fly the aircraft and test the mixing by selecting the Flight
Mode that was indicated as using POS1. Adjust the mixing
percentages using Code 64 to obtain the desired amount of
mixing.
5. You may now return to Code 64 to program the POS0 settings
and/or to assign the mixing values to other Flight Modes.
Remember, in order to be able to turn mixing off using the
Flight Mode switch, one of the position’s (POS0 or POS1) mixing values must be set to zero for both the Aileron and Elevator.
Furthermore, if both mixes are to be turned on and off at the
same time, then both of the zero percentages must be programmed to the same position. For example, AILE POS0 = 0
and ELEV POS0 = 0, or AILE POS1=0 and ELEV POS1 = 0.
Programmable Mixing
The pilot may assign up to 8 programmable mixes to Flight
Modes. You may assign one of two mix values for each programmable mix to each Flight Mode. If one of these values is set
to zero, you will be able to turn the mixing on and off using the
Flight Mode switch. A programmable mix can be permanently
active by setting the POS0 percentages only and setting all Flight
Modes to POS0, or by programming percentages for both POS0
and POS1.
Note: It is assumed that you are familiar with the standard
and multi-point programmable mix functions as described in
Codes 51-58. It is also assumed that Flight Modes are already
active and the D/R&EXP settings have been established. It is recommended that you initially leave the POS0 percentages set to
zero and only program mix percentages into POS1. This will
allow you to turn the mix on (POS1) and off (POS0) with the
Flight Mode switch for initial test flying and adjustment.
1. Access a Programmable Mix function (Code 51-58) and refer
to that section of this manual.
2. After selecting the master and slave channels, touch ENTER.
Note: Select NORM or CURV before pressing ENTER if a
multi-point mix is being used.
3. Touch PAGE until the switch/position display appears. Identify
a non-critical Flight Mode that will be used to test the programmed mix. Touch SEL under this Flight Mode to indicate
that it will use POS1. Leave all other switches set to POS0.
10X MANUAL Airplane
25
Now mixing will be activated only when this Flight Mode is
selected. Note: If all Flight Mode positions are critical (pose
significant risk for the aircraft), then use one of the other
switches for testing purposes.
4. Touch PAGE and select the type of mix (Normal, Include,
Origin) and whether or not the Trim feature is to be enabled.
5. Touch PAGE until the mixing percentage screen is displayed.
Move the Flight Mode switch (or the switch that was selected
in Step 3 above) until POS1 appears over the percentages.
6. Set the mix offset (if any) and set the mixing percentages as
may be appropriate for the desired mixing activity. Thoroughly
ground test the mix.
7. Fly the aircraft and test the mixer by selecting the Flight Mode
(or other switch that was used in step 3 above) that was indicated as using POS1. Adjust the mixing parameters in the
Function Code that was used in step 1 to obtain the desired
results.
8. You may now return to the Programmable Mix (51-58) to program the POS0 settings and/or to assign the mixing values to
other Flight Modes. Remember, in order to be able to turn mixing off, either POS0 or POS1 values must be set to zero.
Indicates function being
programmed
Indicates
relative trim
function
With dual elevator active, the right side level can be utilized as
alivator trim lever (elevator halves in opposite directions). This is
helpful for adjusting loop tracking.
Touch
to activate the
elevator right/left (Alivator) trimmer
to
Touch
to return to Touch
initial trimmer function memorize data and exit
program
selection
Potentiometer/lever
which yields relative trim
function above
Touch
to activate
the elevator right/left
(Alivator) trimmer
Indicates that trimmer
function is currently
inhibited
Trimmer Function (Flap)
The flap lever, when active, raises or lowers the flaps in unison
with one another.
To activate the flap lever, touch the PAGE key to get to the necessary trim function, touch the ACT key under “flap.”
This portion of the LCD screen will appear as follows:
Indicates relative
trim function
Lever which yields
trim function above
Indicates that
trimmer function is
currently active
Touch
to inhibit
the flap once again
Note: The flap trimmer function also appears when normal,
flaperon or elevon wing type is selected and can be inhibited or
activated as described above.
26
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.7
Adjusting the throttle curves is very similar to adjusting multipoint programmable mixing (Code 56-58). Note that up to 8
points can be stored and manipulated, including the low (L) and
high (H) points.
Code 18
Programmable Throttle Curve
The 10X allows for up to two programmable throttle curves to be
programmed and selected via flight modes or switches. The throttle curves allow for up to eight points to be stored and manipulated. Typical uses for throttle curves include: adjusting the curve to
achieve a more linear throttle response; desensitizing a particular
part of the throttle stroke to maintain a more consistent throttle
setting that’s typical for rolling circles or torque rolls; or for giving reduced throttle range (high and low, which is useful for stall
turns, etc.) in any selected flight mode or switch position.
Accessing Throttle Curve
To access Throttle Curve, enter Code 18 in the code number
access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Press
to return
to function mode
Graphic Throttle Curve
The graphic throttle curve located on the right side of the screen
is a useful reference when adjusting or storing points. Up to 8
points can be stored at desired positions and each point can be
moved to any position from 0 to 100%.
Adding New Points
Any time STORE appears on the bottom of the LCD, you can add
a new point on the curve. Move the throttle stick and note that the
vertical line where the cursor is located can be moved to any
desired position. To store a new point, move the throttle stick to
the desired position and touch the STORE key at the bottom of
the screen.
Clearing a Stored Point
When the display’s cursor indicates that the throttle is in the position of a point you wish to clear, pushing the CL key or the + and
- keys simultaneously will clear that point. As a result the remaining points’ numbers will change accordingly.
Touch the
key and all
servos will remain in their
position. Allowing the
throttle stick to be moved
to store and adjust point on
the curve without affecting
the servo positions
In and Out
Touch the
key and
all servos will operate
normally and the
throttle curve screen
will be accessed.
IN refers to the throttle stick position. OUT refers to the actual
position of the throttle servo. The range of each point is
adjustable from 0-100% using the + or- keys.
Pressing yes with hold all servos in their positions. This would be
necessary if the engine was running and you wanted to change
the throttle curve without shutting off the engine. Selecting no
will allow all servos to operate normally. This is useful for seeing
exactly how the adjustments you make are affecting the throttle
position.
Pressing yes or no, the screen will now look like the following:
Tells current
position selected
(0 or 1)
Touch
to access
the switch position to
access the second
throttle curve (Pos 1)
Touch Expo
function to
smooth out
curve
Gives current stick position
(L=Low H=High 1,2,3,4,5,6,)
10X MANUAL Airplane
Touch
to increase or
decrease the output
postition of the point
selected.
Exponential Function
The Exponential Function allows you to smooth the selected
curve. Touch the SEL below the EXP to activate the Expo function.
Touch
to return
to function mode
Vertical line indicates
stick position
Out gives current
servo position
Show stored
point position
27
Switch Selection
Two throttle curves are available and can be selected via a switch
or Flight Mode. Touch the PAGE key until the following page
appears.
Indicates which switch
position values are selected
Touch
button to
return to main throttle Touch
to return
curve screen
to function mode
Touch
to select position 1 or 0
mix values
Touch store to
store the throttle
stick position point
that POS 1
changes to POS0.
Note: If you only want one throttle curve, adjust the desired
mix value in POS 0 and leave all switches in the 0 position.
Two throttle curves are available—Position 0 throttle curve and
Position 1 throttle.
Select the desired switch(es) for position 1 and 0, then touch the
PAGE key. Flip the switch selected to select POS 0 or POS 1 in
order to make adjustments to the desired throttle curve.
Note: Position 1 has priority over Position 0 such that if a
switch or flight mode is assigned to POS 1 and that flight mode or
switch is activated, the Position 1 throttle curve will be in effect.
28
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.8
Code 22
Indicates current wing
type selection
Indicates the aileron
differential direction
Indicates function
being programmed
Wing Type Selection
The purpose of the Wing Type Selection function is to eliminate
mechanical or programmable mixes that would otherwise be necessary for the proper flight of certain styles of aircraft. There are
four wing types from which to choose; select the one which will
best suit your aircraft. They are: normal, flaperon, elevon and
quad flaps. You can also activate the V-tail or dual elevator mixing features for V-tailed or dual elevator servo aircraft for any of
the wing type mixing selections with the exception of elevon.
Each of the wing type selections and the V-tail and dual elevator
mixing are explained below.
Accessing and Utilizing the Wing Type Selection
Function
To access the Wing Type Selection function, enter Code 22 in the
code number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Your LCD screen will appear as follows:
Touch
to
reverse the aileron Touch
to increase the aileron differential.
differential direction The adjustable range is +100% – 0% – -100%
NOTE: a negative differential percentage can
not be achieved unless the
key is pressed
Touch
to
advance to next
Touch
to decrease the aileron differential.
wing type selectionThe adjustable range is +100% – 0% – -100%
ELEVON
NOTE: a negative differential percentage can
not be achieved unless the
key is pressed
Indicates that
currently the
V-tail mixing
function is
activated
Pressing
cycles
through tail
options
Touch and simultaneously, or CL, to reset
the aileron to the factory default value –0%
Touch + and - simultaneously, or the CL key, to reset the aileron
to the factory default value of 0%.
Connect this servo
to the AUX 1 port of
the receiver
Indicates current wing
type selection
Touch
to activate
the next tail type mixing
function – V-Tail
Indicates that currently
the V-tail mixing function
is active
Normal Wing Type Selection
This is the first wing type selection which appears on your LCD
display. Use this wing type with common aircraft that utilize only
one servo for both of the ailerons.
Normal is the factory default setting for the wing type selection.
This means that if Code 28, Data Reset, is performed, your radio
will return to this wing type selection.
Flaperons
Touch SEL to activate the next wing type selection —flaperons.
Flaperon control surfaces will move with both aileron and flap
commands.
The most common use of the Flaperon Mode is to allow the
ailerons to be controlled by two or more servos on two separate
channels. Flaperons also allow the use of ailerons as flaps. The
ailerons can be raised or lowered in unison as flaps, yet still
remain fully operational as the ailerons.
10X MANUAL Airplane
Touch
to memorize data
and exit program
Touch
to memorize data
and exit program
Indicates function
being programmed
Touch
to
advance to next wing
type selectionFLAPERON
Indicates the aileron
differential percentage
Connect this servo
to the aileron port of
the receiver
Flaperon Operation
1. One servo must be used for each aileron, i.e., a separate servo
for each aileron.
2. Connect the left aileron servo to the auxiliary 1 port
(AUX1/FLAP) of your receiver. Plug the right aileron servo
into the aileron port (AILE) of your receiver.
3.Check to make sure that the servos move in the proper direction. For a right turn, the right aileron should raise while the
left aileron lowers simultaneously. For a left turn, the opposite
is true—the left aileron should raise while the right aileron
drops. If your servos are not moving in the manner (direction)
we have just described, utilize the Servo Reversing function,
Code 11, to reverse the travel direction of the servo(s) that are
moving improperly. (Right aileron – channel 2, Left aileron –
channel 6)
4. Once the servos achieve their proper travel direction, adjust
their travel volume, dual rates, sub-trim, and aileron differential.
Note: The applicable channel’s left or right travel adjustment
may be made individually in Code 12, Travel Adjust. Once they
are adjusted to travel and center together, use Trace Rate (Code
14) to adjust travel for both ailerons at the same time. Please see
Section 8.2 and 8.4 for more travel adjustment details.
29
Differential Rate
The 10X transmitter offers aileron differential for the flaperon
wing type selection. Differential ailerons are used to tailor the
flight control system to a particular aircraft. Because the downward travel of the aileron creates more drag than does the upward
travel, it is necessary to reduce the amount of down travel for
each aileron. This drag may produce a yawing tendency in your
aircraft, causing poor roll tracking. Aileron differential overcomes the yaw as it reduces the downward travel of the applicable aileron.
Note: In the programmable Mixing functions, Codes 51-58,
Section 8.11 of this manual, you can employ the aileron differential in the mix. This is only applicable where the aileron channel
is the master or mixed-to channel and does not appear in any
other circumstance.
Differential/Aileron Rate Switch Selection
Two differential rate settings can be selected and programmed to
be activated in any or all of the flight modes or with a variety of
switches. Differential aileron rate is only available when flaperon,
elevon or quad flap is selected in wing type and two servos (one
for each aileron) are utilized and plugged into the correct receiver
channels (2 and 6).
Indicates position
of Diff value 0
Touch
to access
flight mode select screen
Adjusting the Differential Rate:
The differential rate is adjustable from ±100%. To increase the
differential rate, touch the + key. The percentage values increase
accordingly. If the aileron differential is increasing opposite to
the desired direction (more up than down aileron control throw),
touch the TURN key. This resets the direction of the aileron differential while still retaining the differential percentage value.
Your LCD confirms the negative value by replacing the + below
the dif-rate with a - symbol. If you want to decrease the amount
of aileron differential, touch the - key.
If left at 0%, the ailerons maintain equal travel for both sides.
That is, there will not be any differential whatsoever.
If set at 50%, the aileron that is lowered travels 50%, or half, as
far as the upward aileron. If adjusted to 100%, you achieve what
is commonly referred to as a “split.” This means that the only
aileron that moves is the aileron that travels upward. The aileron
that normally drops remains stationary.
A graphic interpretation of the aileron differential feature would
appear as follows:
NORM: 0% Differential
Touch
to
select the
desired channel
Indicates current
wing type
Touch
to reverse the
differential
direction
Touch
to increase or
decrease the
differential value in
the shaded box
Touch
to
cycle through
tail types
DIFF: 50% Differential
Note: When Flight Modes are activated, they replace the corresponding switches below:
SPLIT: 100% Differential
Flight Mode Active
F0 (Flight Mode 0)
F1 (Flight Mode 0)
F2 (Flight Mode 0)
F3 (Flight Mode 0)
F4 (Flight Mode 0)
Always Available
Always Available
Always Available
Flight Mode Inhibited
E-F (Elevator to Flap Switch)
M-D (Flap Switch Mid Position)
L-D (Flap Switch Land Position)
MX (Mix Switch)
AU (AUX 2 Switch Up Position)
GER (AUX 2 Switch Down Position)
SNP (Snap Button)
STK (Throttle Stick)
Important: Position 1 always takes priority over Position 0 such
that if any switch is turned on and is programmed to Position 1,
Position 1’s differential value will be activated.
30
To reset the differential value to the factory default of 0%, touch
the + and - keys simultaneously or touch the CL key.
Elevon
On delta wing, or elevon, style aircraft, the wing control surfaces
function together as elevator inputs and in opposition to one
another as ailerons. Thus the name elevon.
Touch the SEL key one time from the flaperon wing type to select
the elevon style wing. If you want to access elevon from the normal wing type selection, touch the SEL key two (2) times.
10X MANUAL Airplane
The elevon wing type is also commonly referred to as a delta
wing aircraft. This style of aircraft also employs two wing servos.
However, in essence there is not an elevator present. Instead, elevator stick input causes the two wing servos to function in conjunction with one another to create an up/down movement of the
aircraft. In other words, the wing itself functions as if it were the
elevator. Also, when an aileron control is given, the two wing servos move in opposition to one another to function as ailerons.
Elevon Operation
elevon servos can result in damaged servos or worse!
Note: Fine adjustments of the elevons should be made in the
Dual Rates function, Code 13. Refer to Section 8.3 of this manual
for further information on the Dual Rate function.
6. To adjust the wing differential and switch positions, refer to the
wing differential feature section on the previous page.
Note: The V-tail mixing and dual tail selection is automatically
inhibited in the elevon wing type selection.
Quad Flaps
Touch the SEL key one time from the elevon wing type to select
the quad flap style wing. If you want to access quad flaps from
the normal wing type selection, touch the SEL key three times.
This style of wing employs four wing servos. The two inboard
servos function mainly as flap controls, while the two outboard
wing servos function mainly as ailerons.
Connect this servo
to the aileron port
of the receiver
Connect this
servo to the
elevator port of
the receiver
1. One servo must be used for each elevon, i.e., a separate servo
for each wing half.
2. Connect the left elevon servo to the aileron (AILE) of your JR
receiver. Plug the right elevon servo into the elevator port
(ELEV) of your receiver.
3. Check to make sure the servos move in the proper directions.
When an input is given from the elevator stick, they should
move in unison to achieve the proper up/down elevator command. If your servos do not move in the proper manner (direction) as described above, use the servo reversing function,
Code 11, to reverse the travel direction of the servo(s) that are
moving improperly.
Note: Each servo’s travel direction is adjusted individually.
Refer to Section 8.1 of this manual for more information regarding servo travel direction.
4. Once the servos have achieved their proper travel direction,
adjust their travel volume, dual rates, sub-trim and aileron differential.
Note: Adjust the neutral point of your elevon servos individually.
To do so, use Code 15, Sub-Trim, as described in Section 8.5 of this
manual.
Note: The applicable channel’s left or right, up or down, travel
adjustments can be made individually in Code 12, travel adjustment. Please refer to Section 8.2 of this manual for more information regarding the travel adjustment.
5. Relative to the note above, each servo’s travel volume is automatically reduced to 75% of the operating range. This is to
ensure that the servo does not operate beyond its capabilities.
Failure to observe caution when adjusting the value for the
10X MANUAL Airplane
Indicates current wing
type selection
Indicates the aileron
differential percentage
Indicates function
being programmed
Touch
to
reverse the
aileron differential
direction
Touch
to
advance to next
wing type selectionNORMAL
Indicates that currently the
V-tail and Dual Elevator mixing
functions are inhibited
Indicates the aileron
differential direction
Touch
to
memorize data
and exit program
Touch
to increase the aileron differential.
The adjustable range is +100% – 0% – -100%
NOTE: a negative differential percentage can
not be achieved unless the turn key is pressed
Touch
to
choose switch
position of
differential rate
Touch
to decrease the aileron differential.
The adjustable range is +100% – 0% – -100%
NOTE: a negative differential percentage can
not be achieved unless the turn key is pressed
Touch
to
activate the V-tail
or Dual Elevator
mixing functions
Touch
and
simultaneously, or CL, to
reset the aileron to the factory default
value – 0%
Quad Flap Operation
1. One servo must be used for each control surface. Therefore,
you must employ four wing servos for this wing type selection.
2. Connect the left aileron (outboard) servo to the gear (retract)
port of your receiver. Plug the left flap (inboard) servo into the
auxiliary 1 (AUX 1) port of your receiver. Connect the right
flap (inboard) servo to the auxiliary 2 (AUX 2) port of your
receiver. Plug the right aileron servo into the aileron (AILE)
port of your receiver.
3. Check to ensure that the aileron and flap servos are moving in
their proper directions.
If your servos are not moving in the proper manner (direction) as
dictated by the gimbal stick, lever, or potentiometer control
inputs, use the Servo Reversing function, Code 11, to reverse the
travel direction of the servo(s) that are moving improperly.
31
4. Once the servos have achieved their proper travel direction,
adjust their travel volume, dual rates, sub-trim and aileron differential.
Note: Adjust the neutral point of your aileron and flap servos
individually using Code 15, Sub-Trim, as described in Section 8.5
of this manual.
Note: The applicable channel’s left or right, up or down travel
adjustment can be made individually in Code 12, Travel Adjust.
Refer to Section 8.2 of this manual for more information regarding the travel adjustment.
Connect this servo
to the gear
gear/retract
port of the receiver Connect this servo
to the AUX 1 port
of the receiver
Connect this servo
to the aileron port of
Connect this servo the receiver
to the AUX 2 port of
the receiver
5. To adjust the aileron differential, use the settings on the quad
flap screen.
Note: When quad flaps are selected, the original channel functions are disconnected from the transmitter. For example, we are
currently using the gear (retract) channel for our left aileron
servo. If the retract switch is moved, the aileron servo remains
stationary. This safety feature eliminates any possible frustration
from accidental switch movements.
Note: The retract switch can be used to operate an unused
AUX channel by mixing Gear to that AUX with a programmable
mix and activating the Origin Mix function. The gear switch will
have no affect on the flaps, but will properly operate the selected
AUX channel.
V-Tail Mixing
The V-tail mixing is also referred to as ruddervator mixing . This
function is designed for use on aircraft that employ a V-tail,
rather than the standard rudder/elevator combination found on
most aircraft.
In the ruddervator, or V-tail mix, the two tail control surfaces
function in unison to operate as elevator and rudder.
Elevator and rudder gimbal stick inputs yield both elevator and
rudder responses from the control surfaces.
To activate the V-tail mixing feature, touch the ACT key until V-tail
is displayed. This portion of your display will appear as follows:
32
Indicates that the V-tail
feature is active
Touch
twice to
inhibit the V-tail mixing
feature
V-Tail Operation
1. One servo must be used for each half of the ruddervator.
2. Connect the left ruddervator servo to the elevator port (ELEV)
of your receiver. Plug the right ruddervator servo into the rudder (RUDD) port of your receiver.
3. Check to ensure that the servos move in the proper direction
for both elevator and rudder inputs. If the servos are not moving in the proper manner (direction), use the Servo Reversing
function, Code 11, to reverse the travel direction of the servo(s)
that are not moving properly. Each servo’s travel direction can
be individually adjusted through Code 11. Refer to Section 8.1
of this manual for more information regarding servo travel
direction.
4. Once the servos achieve their proper travel direction, adjust
their travel volume, dual rates and sub-trim.
Note: The applicable channel’s travel adjustment may be made
individually in Code 12, Travel Adjust. Refer to Section 8.2 of
this manual for more information regarding the travel adjustment.
5. Note that each servo’s travel volume is automatically reduced
to 75% of the operating range. This is to ensure that the servo
does not operate beyond its travel limits. Failure to observe
caution when adjusting the value for the ruddervator servos can
result in damaged servos or worse! Please be careful.
Note: Fine adjustments of the V-tail servos should be made
with the dual rate feature in high rate, Code 13. Refer to Section
8.3 of this manual for further information on the Dual Rate function.
6. You can also adjust the neutral point of your ruddervator servos individually. To do so, use Code 15, Sub-Trim, as
described in Section 8.5 of this manual.
Note: V-tail mixing is not available in the elevon wing type
selection.
Dual Elevator Mix
The 10X has a feature called dual elevator mix. This function is
especially useful for large airplanes that use a separate servo for
each elevator half.
To utilize this function, plug the servo that controls the right elevator half into the elevator socket in the receiver. The servo that
controls the left elevator half should be plugged into the AUX 3
socket (channel 8) in the receiver. To access dual elevator, touch
the SEL key under the tail until D/ELEV appears.
10X MANUAL Airplane
Follow the steps below to set up the elevator halves. This procedure will help to ensure that excessive sub-trim values are not
used, while at the same time eliminating unwanted elevator differential throw.
1. Plug the right elevator servo into the ELEV port of the receiver
and plug the left elevator servo into the AUX 3 port (channel 8)
of the receiver.
2. While in the Wing Type Function (Code 22), press SEL under
TAIL until D/ELEV appears. This selects the Dual Elevator
feature.
3. Turn on the receiver and check the direction of travel of both
elevator servos. If either or both servos are not traveling in the
correct direction, use the REV. SW function (Code 11) to
change the direction of the Elevator or AUX 3 (channel 8)
channels to achieve the proper direction.
4. Perform the following to help minimize the sub-trim settings
and to avoid differential throw in the elevators. Set the subtrims for the ELEV and AUX 3 channels to zero using the SubTrim function (Code 15) and center the digital elevator trim on
the transmitter. With the receiver and transmitter turned on,
examine the two servos and notice if the servo arms are at 90°
or perpendicular to the vertical stabilizer. Reinstall the arm if
necessary to achieve as close to a perpendicular position as
possible. Now use sub-trim to adjust the arms so they are perfectly perpendicular to the slab.
5. Adjust both elevator halves so that they are perfectly centered
using the mechanical linkage.
6. Now adjust the overall travel of each elevator half using the
Travel Adjust function (Code 12). Adjust the right elevator
with the ELEV function in Travel Adjust in both the up and
down directions. Now adjust the left elevator using the AUX.3
Travel Adjust to match the travel of the right elevator in both
directions.
Note: Once the right and left elevator throws have been synchronized, use the Trace Rate function (Code 14) to adjust the
throw of both elevators simultaneously. The Trace Rate function
eliminates the need to individually measure and adjust the throw
of each servo when more that one channel is used for the elevator,
aileron, or rudder.
Indicates that the Dual
Elevator feature is active
Touch
twice to
inhibit the Dual
Elevator feature
10X MANUAL Airplane
33
Code 24
8.9
Servo Speed
The purpose of the servo speed function is to allow the transit
time of any of the ten available channels to be regulated from
Normal speed down to 1° per second. This is useful for obtaining
a scale landing gear retraction or scale gear door retraction, slowing down the throttle response or synchronizing control surface
speeds, etc.
When the flight modes are activated, the servo speeds can be
selected for each flight mode.
Accessing and Utilizing the Servo Speed Function
To access the servo speed function, enter Code 24 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method. Your
screen will appear as follows:
Indicates which light mode speeds are
being programmed
Indicates feature being programmed
Touch
or
to
Touch
to Touch
access the next memorize data and
exit program
five channels
to increase (+) or decrease (-) servo speed
Indicates normal servo speed
To decrease servo speed, touch the - key below the corresponding
channel. Note the value given is in degrees per second. Touch the
+ key to increase servo speed.
When the Flight Modes are active, the corresponding flight mode
will appear at the upper left-hand corner of the screen. Touch the
MODE key to access the other available flight modes and adjust
the servo speed as desired for each flight mode.
Note: When the degrees per second are adjusted higher than
the servos’s inherent transit speed, the servo will rotate at its normal speed.
To access the remaining five channels, touch the PAGE key.
Note: If Flight Modes are inhibited in Code 17, only one servo
speed is available for each of the 10 channels.
34
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.10
once the battery voltage alarm has sounded. For more information, please refer to Section 6.1 of this manual.
Code 28
Data Reset
The Data Reset function enables the pilot to clear all of the data
for a particular model from the transmitter memory. Once this
feature has been used, all settings return to their factory default or
preset positions and values.
Note: The only data that is cleared by the Data Reset function is
the data for the model that currently appears on the LCD display.
If you want to clear data from a different model, you must first
access that model in Code 84, Model Select.
Accessing and Utilizing the Data Reset Function
To access the Data Reset function, enter Code 28 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Modulation of program
to be reset
Program to be reset
Indicates feature is
being programmed
Touch
to erase
all programmed data
Touch
to exit
program without
erasing programmed
data
OR
Touch
after
data has been cleared
to exit program
If you change your mind, or have accessed the data reset program
by mistake and do not wish to clear the model from the transmitter memory, simply touch the enter key prior to touching the clear
key. The enter key allows you to exit the program and leave the
model intact.
Cautionary Note: Once you have cleared the programmed data
from a given model memory, you will not be able to change your
mind and recall the cleared information.
To clear all data from a given model, simply touch the clear key.
The screen will ask ARE YOUR SURE YOU WANT TO RESET
MODEL XX? Touch YES to clear the model or touch NO to
return to the previous screen. If you touch YES, all the data that
you have entered will now be cleared and your radio will return
to the factory default settings for that particular model.
Note: As part of the factory default settings, when the transmitter is cleared, the modulation automatically returns to S-series
PCM. It is crucial to note which modulation is compatible with
your receiver. Refer to Section 8.24, Modulation Select for more
information on this subject.
To exit the program touch the ENTER key.
Note: You will be unable to access the Data Reset function
10X MANUAL Airplane
35
8.11
Code 31
Indicates snap roll
direction
Touch
to enter the
flight mode select screen
Snap Roll
The snap roll function allows a pre-programmed position of the
aileron, elevator and rudder to be selected at the press of the snap
roll button.
In the normal mode with flight modes inactive, four snap rolls are
available with the direction being set according to the position of
the switches located on the back of the transmitter. With flight
modes activated, the amount and direction of the snaps are programmed for each flight mode (the back panel switches are inhibited), allowing for a specified snap amount and direction for each
flight mode.
In normal mode with flight mode inactivated, enter Code 31, S.
Roll and touch the ACT key once to activate the Snap Roll function.
Touch
to inhibit or
access normal snap roll
function
Touch
to adjust the position
of the corresponding channel when
the snap roll button is depressed
The screen will appear as illustrated above and will be used to set
the percentages of throw for each snap roll. However you must
first go to the next screen to set the snap roll direction for each
Flight Mode (FM-0 through FM-4) Press PAGE to go to the next
screen, as illustrated below.
Pre-Programming Snap Rolls to Flight Modes
Each Flight Mode (FM-0 through FM-4) may be assigned one
snap roll configuration. A snap roll configuration consists of a
direction (RU, RD, LU, or LD) and a percentage of throw for the
aileron, elevator and rudder.
Note: The Flight Mode Snap Roll feature is limited to two sets
of throws in any one direction, such as RU. This is controlled by
the P0 and P1 parameters.
If, for instance, the pilot would like a hard positive right snap
(RU) associated with FM-0 where AILE = 120%, ELEV = 120%
and RUDD = 120% and would like a soft positive right snap (RU)
associated with FM-1 where AILE 70%, ELEV = 30%, and
RUDD = 40%, one of the Flight Modes (FM-0 or FM-1) must be
designated as P0, while the other is designated as P1. A third RU
snap configuration with a third set of percentages that are different from the other two is not possible with the Flight Mode Snap
Roll feature. However the two snap settings that are already programmed can be assigned to as many flight modes as desired.
With Flight Modes activated (Code 17, Function Select), the
amount and direction of the snap roll can be programmed for
each flight mode. For example, in FM 1 a rapid right positive
snap roll can be chosen, while in flight in FM 2 a gentle outside
(down) left snap can be programmed to automatically occur when
the snap roll button is depressed, etc. Touch the SEL key until
F.Mode appears below ACT in Snap Roll function, Code 31.
Note: Flight modes must be activated in Function Select, Code 17.
1. Set the snap roll direction for each Flight Mode (FM-0 through
FM-4) by touching the left SEL under each Flight Mode.
Touching the left SEL will cycle through all of the directions
(RU, RD, LU, LD).
2. Examine the direction that you have selected for each flight
mode. If there are two or more Flight Modes that have the
same direction and you wish to have different throws (percent-
The shaded block indicates the snap roll direction for which you
are adjusting the travel values. In the example, our airplane would
currently snap right and down. To change the snap roll direction,
move the directional switches on the back of the transmitter to
another position. The value below each channel indicates the
position that each respective control surface will achieve when
the snap button is depressed. This value can be adjusted up to
150%. If you choose to program another snap roll, simply move
the back directional switches to the desired position.
Note: If you have never used a snap roll switch before, begin
with a fairly high percentage for ailerons and moderate percentages for elevator and rudder. Perform snap rolls at reasonable
air speeds to avoid damaging your air frame.
36
10X MANUAL Airplane
ages) associated with the direction, proceed with Step 3 below.
If you want the same throws associated with a direction that is
specified more than once, go directly to Step 4 below.
3. In order to specify different throw for the same direction; touch
the SEL key under the appropriate Flight Mode to indicate
either P-0 or P-1. Remember there is a limit of two sets of
throws for each direction. The Flight Modes designated as P-0
for a given direction will have one set of throws, while the
Flight Modes designated as P-1 for the same direction will
have another set of throws. Proceed to Step 4 below.
4. It’s now time to set the throws (percentages) for the directions
that have been established for each Flight Mode. Touch PAGE
to return to the previous screen where the percentages are displayed and can be adjusted.
5. Set the Flight Mode switch to FM-0. Notice that the direction
that was set for FM-0 on the previous screen is highlighted. Set
the percentages of travel for the aileron, elevator and rudder
using the + and - keys. These are now the settings for Flight
Mode 0. Next move the Flight Mode switch to FM-1 and set
the percentages in the same fashion as described above for
FM-0. Repeat the process for FM-2 through FM-4.
10X MANUAL Airplane
37
8.12
Code 44
Gyro Gain Sensitivity System
The 10X features a sophisticated gyro gain sensitivity system that
allows in-flight control of gyro gain for two separate gyros. It
provides for standard gain adjustments (fixed gains), as well as
Stick Priority Gyro Gain adjustment where gyro gain is progressively reduced as the stick is moved further off center. Stick priority if highly advantageous for controlling gyros in aerobatic aircraft.
Up to two gyros may be used to control two of the three primary
flight controls (elevator, rudder or aileron). Typical aerobatic
applications involve gyros on the rudder and/or elevator. Each
gyro can have three different gains that are selectable via Flight
Modes or the AUX 2 switch. The gains can be fixed or variable
using the Stick Priority Gyro Gain feature.
Note: This function is designed to be used only with gyros that
have in-flight proportional gain adjustment capability, such as
JR’s NEJ-900, and NEJ-3000 Piezo gyros. Single and dual rate
gyros that use a potentiometer to adjust the gain will not work
properly with this function.
Connections
The screen will appear as follows:
Indicates AUX2 is selected
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
function
Touch
to toggle
between AUX2 and
AUX3 to set gains
Touch
to exit function
to activate the Gyro Sensitivity
1. Touch the lower left SEL to activate the gyro sensitivity system
and to obtain the following display:
Indicates AUX2 is selected
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
to toggle Touch
to save
between AUX2 and programming and exit
AUX3 to set gains
function
Touch
to select
to toggle
Touch or
to
AUX2 switch or Flight Touch
Modes to activate gyro between standard gyro increase or decrease
gain and Stick Priority gyro gain settings
gains in flight
gyro gain
Indicates gyro gain
Indicates AUX2 switch is
settings for each
being used to select
position (0, 1, 2)
positions for programming
Plug the gain connector of the first gyro into the AUX2 port of
the receiver. Plug the gain connector of the second gyro into the
AUX3 of the receiver. If only one gyro is to be used, connect its
gain to AUX2. If two gyros are to be used, be mindful of which
control (rudder, elevator or aileron) is to be controlled by AUX 2
and which is to be controlled by AUX3 as you will need to know
this later if Stick Priority Gyro Gain is achieved.
Note: Since the gain for the second gyro must be plugged into
AUX3, it precludes using the Dual Elevator feature in Wing Type
(Code 22) because dual elevator also uses AUX3. If the aircraft
uses two elevator servos and you would also like to use two
gyros, the two elevator servos must be connected through a
Y-harness.
2. Touch SEL at the top of the display until AUX2 is displayed
and highlighted as shown. This indicates that the display is
ready to accept gyro gain values for the gyro plugged into the
AUX2 channel.
3. Touch SEL at the lower left of the screen until AUX2 appears
under the highlighted AUX2. This indicates that the AUX2
switch will be used (at least for now) to select which gain position is to be programmed.
Accessing Standard Gyro Gain Sensitivity
Setting the Gain Percentages
To access the standard gyro gain sensitivity feature (no stick priority), enter Code 44 in the code number access selection or use
the direct mode method.
In our example on the following page we have se the first position
(Position 0) gain to 0%. This provides the ability to turn the gyro
off in flight when this position is selected. Position 1 has been set
to a moderate amount of gain (30%) and Position 2 has been set
to a high percentage of gain (70%). We suggest that you program
your system in the same manner until you become familiar with
how everything works, then you can experiment on your own.
(Note: The percentages will vary according to the instructions
that come with the gyro and the particular model being flown.)
38
10X MANUAL Airplane
Indicates AUX2 is selected
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
to toggle
between AUX2 and
AUX3 to set gains
Touch
to save
programming and exit
function
follow the procedure below:
1. Touch SEL at the lower left until FM appears above SEL.
2. Touch PAGE and the screen below is displayed.
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
to
Touch
to
select AUX2 switch toggle between
or Flight Modes to standard gryo gain
activate gyro gains and Stick Priority
gyro gain
in flight
Indicates AUX2 switch is
being used to select
positions for programming
Touch
to save
programming and exit
function
Touch or
to
increase or decrease
gyro gain settings
Indicates gyro gain
settings for each
position (0, 1, 2)
4. Use the AUX2 switch to select each of the three gyro gain
positions (0, 1, 2). When the AUX2 switch is in the upper position, an arrow appears to the left of the first gyro gain position
(Position 0) as indicated in the display above. Touch the + or keys below the position to set the percentage of gain for this
position.
Note: It’s a good idea to leave the first position equal to 0% for
both gyros as it will provide the ability to turn the gyro gain completely off in the event that the gyro becomes over-sensitive.
5. Put the AUX2 switch in the middle position (Position 1) and
note that the arrow moves to the middle gain position on the
display. Touch the + and - keys to adjust the gain setting for
this switch position (use this position to set a moderate amount
of gain). Finally, move the AUX2 switch to the lower position
and set the gain for the third position (Position 2) by pressing
the + and - keys. Use this last setting for the highest gain you
intend to use without causing an over-sensitive condition in the
gyro(s).
6. If a second gyro is to be used, touch SEL at the top of the
screen until AUX3 appears and is highlighted at the left of the
display. Now use the AUX2 switch to again select each of the
three gain positions for the AUX3 channel and set them in the
same manner as was done for the AUX2 above.
Note: It’s a good idea to leave the first position equal to 0% for
both gyros as it will provide the ability to turn the gyro gain completely off in the event that the gyro becomes over-sensitive.
Assigning Gyro Gains to AUX2 or Flight Modes
Gyro gains may be selected in flight by using the AUX2 switch,
or they may be assigned to Flight Modes.
If you have performed the programming steps above, the system
is already set up to use the AUX2 switch to select gyro gains in
flight. If you want to use the AUX2 switch to select gyro gains,
touch ENTER to save your programming and exit this function.
When Flight Modes are activated in Code 17, any one of the three
gyro gain settings can be activated in each Flight Mode (one gain
setting per Flight Mode). To assign gain settings to Flight Modes,
10X MANUAL Airplane
Touch
to return
to the previous page
Touch
under each Flight Mode to cycle
through and assign the gyro gain settings
3. Touch SEL under each Flight Mode to select the gain setting
(Position 0, 1, 2) for that Flight Mode. When a position is
selected it represents the position for both gyros if more than
one gyro is being used. For example, if Position 0 is selected
for Flight Mode 1, the gains that were set for Position 0 for
both gyros will be activated. In our example, we set position 0
to be 0% gyro gain, which in effect turns the gyros off.
Therefore, selecting Position 0 for Flight Mode 1 would result
in both gyros being turned off when Flight Mode 1 is selected.
4. Touch ENTER to save your programming and exit the function.
Accessing the Stick Priority Gyro Gain Feature
Stick Priority Gain Control is very popular with aerobatic pilots
as it allows the pilot to instantaneously override the gyro by moving the stick. Gyro gain decreases as the stick is moved further
from neutral and it is typically set up so that gyro gain is reduced
to zero when the stick is at full deflection. When the stick is
released and allowed to center, gyro gain is instantaneously
restored. In other words, the pilot assumes control of the channel
by moving the stick and returns control of the channel to the gyro
by releasing the stick. This facilitates performing excellent
maneuvers, such as hammerheads and stall turns, as the gyro is
overridden by the rudder stick in performing the pivot, but
instantly dampens out any “wiggle” as soon as the pivot is completed and the rudder stick is released.
1. To access the Stick Priority Gyro Gain feature, enter Code 44
in the code number access selection or use the direct mode
method.
Indicates AUX2 is selected
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
function
Touch
to toggle
between AUX2 and
AUX3 to set gains
Touch
to exit function
to activate the Gyro Sensitivity
39
2. Touch the lower left SEL to activate the gyro sensitivity system
and to obtain the following display:
Indicates AUX2 is selected
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
to toggle
between AUX2 and
AUX3 to set gains
Touch
to exit function
Touch
to select
to toggle
Touch or
to
AUX2 switch or Flight Touch
Modes to activate gyro between standard gyro increase or decrease
gain and Stick Priority gyro gain settings
gains in flight
for aileron/elevator or
rudder gyro gain
Indicates gyro gain
Indicates AUX2 switch is
settings for each
being used to select
position (0, 1, 2)
positions for programming
3. Touch SEL at the top of the display until AUX2 is displayed
and highlighted as shown. This indicates that the display is
ready to accept gyro gain values for the gyro plugged into the
AUX2 channel (see display above).
4. Touch SEL at the lower left of the screen until AUX2 appears
under the highlighted AUX2. This indicates that the AUX2
switch will be used (at least for now) to select which gain position is to be programmed (see display above).
5. Now touch SEL under CENT to activate Stick Priority Gyro
Gain and the display will appear as illustrated below. Touch
SEL again until the appropriate channel (AILE, ELEV,
RUDD) appears.
Indicates AUX2 is selected
Indicates function being
programmed
Touch
to
select Aux2 Switch
or Flight Modes to
activate gyro gains
in flight
Touch
to toggle
between AUX2 and
AUX3 to set gains
Touch
to
toggle between top
and bottom
percentages for
center stick and full
end stick deflection
Indicates AUX2 switch is
being used to select
positions for programming
Touch
to
save programming
and exit function
Touch
to select stick/channel
to be used for stick priority (rudder,
elevator, or aileron)
Indicates gyro gain settings for
each position (0, 1, 2) for center
Touch or
to
stick and full stick deflection
increase or decrease
gyro gain settings for
each position for center
stick and full stick
deflection
A new row of gain percentages appears. The top row next to
CENT indicates the gyro gain percentages that are in effect for
AUX2 when the stick is centered. The bottom row indicates the
gyro gain for AUX2 when the stick is fully deflected in either
direction. In addition, END RUDD appears to indicated that the
rudder stick is selected to control stick priority for the AUX2
channel.
40
In this example, notice that the first position (Position 0) is set to
have a gain of 0% for both the CENT and END RUDD so that the
gyro gain can be turned off completely. The second position
(Position 1) CENT gain is set to 30% and its END RUDD is set
to 0%. This will cause the gyro gain to be 30% when the stick is
centered and will cause the gain to progressively decrease to 0 as
the stick is fully deflected. The third position (Position 2) has
been set to 70% for CENT and 0% for END RUDD — it has full
gain when the stick is centered and no gain when the stick is fully
deflected.
Note: The END percentages are typically set to 0% to provide
complete stick priority/override at full stick deflection.
Setting the Gain Percentages
6. Touch SEL under CENT until the proper control stick is displayed (rudder, elevator or aileron). It is the stick that corresponds to the control that is to be controlled by the gyro
plugged into AUX2.
7. Use the AUX2 switch to select each of the three gyro gain
positions (0, 1, 2). When the AUX2 switch is in the upper
position, an arrow appears to the left of the first gyro gain
position (Position 0) as indicated in the display above. Now
touch SEL under END to select between the CENT percentage and end point percentage (END RUDD) and touch the +
and - keys to set the percentage of each.
Note: It’s a good idea to leave the first position equal to 0% for
both gyros as it will provide the ability to turn the gyro gain completely off in the event that the gyro becomes over-sensitive.
8. Put the AUX2 switch in the middle position (Position 1) and
note that the arrow moves to the middle gain position on the
display. Now touch SEL and END to select between the
CENT percentage and end point percentage (END RUDD)
and touch the + or - keys to set the percentage of each (use
this position to set a moderate the amount of gain). Finally,
move the AUX2 switch to the lower position and set the gain
for the third position (Position 2). Use this last setting for the
highest gain you intend to use without causing an over-sensitive condition in the gyro(s).
9. If a second gyro is used, touch SEL at the top of the screen to
select the AUX3 gyro gain, and touch SEL under CENT to
select the stick that corresponds with the control that is to be
controlled by the AUX3 gyro. Now repeat the process above
to set the CENT and end point gains for this gyro.
10. If you’re going to use the AUX2 switch to select gyro gains in
flight, touch ENTER to save the programming and exit the
function. If you’re going to assign gyro gains to Flight Modes,
touch the lower left SEL until FM appears and then touch
PAGE. Refer to the section on the preceeding page on
Assigning Gyro Gains to AUX2 or Flight Modes.
Note: The stick priority mixing is a linear mix and the gain is
reduced/increased in direct proportion to stick position.
10X MANUAL Airplane
Important Note: Because of the travel limits built into most
gyros with remotely adjustable gain, it will be necessary to
reduce the Travel Adjust (Code 12) for the channel that’s affected
by the gyro in order to eliminate “dead band” from the control
stick.
To do this: With the model turned on, access Code 12. Hold the
control stick of the channel using the gyro to full left (or up in
case of elevator) and reduce the travel adjust until the control
surface begins to move. Then hold full right stick or elev and
repeat this process. Normally the travel adjust will have to be in
the 55% to 65% range to eliminate all stick dead band. Note that
this does not reduce the overall travel of the servo, but simply recalibrates the travel adjust for use with the gyro.
10X MANUAL Airplane
41
8.13
Code 51-55
Standard Programmable Mixing
The 10X provides five standard programmable mixes.
Programmable mixes are used whenever the pilot wants a channel/servo to react or move as a result of providing input to another channel. The channel that reacts is called the Slave channel,
while the channel that receives direct input is called the Master
channel. Under this concept, when the pilot provides an input to
the Master channel, the transmitter automatically generates an
input for the Slave channel/servo so that it moves in a specified
direction for a specified amount.
Mixes are programmable, allowing any of the 10 channels to be
Master, Slave or both. The offset (mix neutral point), direction
and travel can all be programmed and adjusted.
The first number key you select becomes the Master channel. It
also activates the mix feature. The Master channel is the channel
from which you want to mix. In other words, this is the controlling channel for the mixing feature.
The second number key selected becomes the Slave channel. The
Slave channel is the channel that is being mixed into the Master
channel. You can also think of it as the controlled channel for the
mixing feature.
For example, you want to mix the aileron channel to the throttle
channel. Aileron is the Master, or controlling, channel. Throttle is
the Slave, or controlled, channel. The initial screen shows that the
mixing feature is inhibited. However, after aileron is selected the
screen will appear as follows:
Touch
to cancel
current mix and return to
mix inhibited screen
Indicates feature
being accessed
Touch
to
exit program
Accessing and Utilizing the Standard
Programmable Mixing Function
To access the Programmable Mixing function, enter the proper
code, 51-55, in the code number access selection or use the direct
mode method. The screen will appear as follows:
Touch
to
exit program
Indicates program
being accessed
Indicates that MIX 1
is currently inhibited
Touch
to cancel
current mix if activated
Indicates that MIX 1
is active and that the
master channel is
aileron
Indicates mix to
channel
Master channel
Touch to select master
and slave channels
Slave channel
when selected
Next, choose the Slave channel—in our example, throttle. The
screen will now change to display:
Indicates
feature being
accessed
Indicates
that MIX 1
is active
Touch
to
cancel current mix
and return to mix
inhibited screen
Touch
to proceed to
next screen
Touch to select master
and slave channels
Each channel of your transmitter and receiver has been assigned a
number for identification purposes. Use the following chart to
identify the channel and its identification number.
Channel #
Receiver Channel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
THRO
AILE
ELEV
RUDD
GEAR
AUX1
AUX2
AUX3
AUX4
AUX5
42
Master
channel
To
Slave
channel
Complete Channel Name
Throttle
Aileron
Elevator
Rudder
Gear/Retract
Auxiliary 1 (flaps)
Auxiliary 2
Auxiliary 3
Auxiliary 4
Auxiliary 5
Note: Once both the Master and Slave channels have been
selected, the channel numbers are removed from the bottom of the
screen. If you have mistakenly entered a wrong channel number
for either the Master or the Slave channels, touch the CANCEL
key and reprogram the mixing channels.
10X MANUAL Airplane
After the Master and Slave channels have been selected, touch
the ENTER key to advance to the next screen. Using our example, the screen will appear as follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Switch or stick position where mixing
values will become active. All except
FIX will have a 0 and a position 1
Touch
to clear the
program mix and to return to
the mix inhibited screen
Offset value
Aileron is the
master channel,
throttle is the slave
Touch
to
proceed to other
mixing screen
Shaded box indicates
value being adjusted
Touch
to
memorize and exit
program
Indicates
Touch
to
Touch the
direction of mix
store offset or
keys to alter mixing
basic mixing point
value
Mixing
Touch
to
Refer to offset
percentage
change mix direction
operation
value
Refer to mixing
value and directions
Note: To achieve a negative value, refer to the mixing direction
section that follows.
To clear a mixing value, touch the CL key or the + and - keys
simultaneously. Your highlighted value then returns to 0%.
Mixing Direction
Mixing direction works in conjunction with the mixing value to
achieve the correct percentage and direction of mixing.
Touch the TURN key to reverse the direction of the mixing. The
mixing value remains the same and only the direction in the shaded box changes.
Accessing Switch Position Functions
Mixing can be assigned to several flight modes or switches. To
access the Switch Position function, press the PAGE key at the
top right of the mixing screen. Your screen will appear as follows:
Offset Operation
Each programmable mix has a mixing offset. The purpose of this
mixing offset is to redefine the neutral point of the Slave channel.
Any position of the Master channel can be used as the offset, or
reference point, for mixing. This is especially useful for channels
that do not have a neutral point, such as the AUX 4 and 5 knobs’
flap lever and AUX 3 lever, allowing you to use the program mix
with respect to an arbitrary position.
The reference point is the position of the Master channel stick, or
control switch, or lever where you select the mix value, as well as
the direction of the mix. Using our example, AILE › THRO mix,
the offset point is the center position of the aileron control stick.
To select the offset value, position the Master control stick,
switch lever, or potentiometer to the point you want as the offset
position. Next, touch the STORE key located beneath the offset
display. The offset value from center now replaces the 0 on the
screen. This value may be either a positive number or a negative
number, depending on the position of the Master channel.
Note: If you wish for this mix to always be on, adjust the
desired mix value in Pos 0 and leave all switches in Position 0.
Two mix values are available—Position 0 mix value and Position
1 mix value. If you desire an on/off setting, store the desired on
values under 1 and leave the Pos 0 values at 0%. Then select the
desired switch with which you wish to turn the mix on and off by
touching SEL until Position 1 is selected.
Note: Position 1 always has priority over Position 0 such that
if a switch or Flight Mode is assigned to POS1 and that Flight
Mode or switch is activated, Position 1 mix values will be in
effect.
Mixing Value
Operating the Include and Origin Mixing Functions
Use the Master channel to change the location of the shaded box.
In our example, moving the aileron stick to the right shades the
lower box; moving the aileron stick to the left shades the upper
box.
Once the shaded box highlights the value you want to adjust, use
the + and - keys to adjust the value accordingly. The range is
adjustable from ±100%.
To increase the mixing value, touch the + key. Your value will
begin to change accordingly.
To decrease the mixing value, touch the - key. Your value will
decrease accordingly.
These are accessed by pressing the PAGE key, or by touching the
SEL key beneath MASTER, you can select from among the
Normal, Include Mixing and Origin functions.
10X MANUAL Airplane
Include Mixing
Include Mixing should be used whenever the pilot wants the
Slave channel to always react to the Master, regardless of the
source of input. If Include Mixing is not activated, it is possible
for the Master channel to move without moving the Slave under
certain circumstances.
43
For instance, if two channels are used for two rudders and a regular or multi-point mix is used to move the rudders in unison, it’s
important to activate Include Mixing to ensure that the Slaved
rudder channel always moves with the Master rudder. If the rudder stick is moved, both rudders will move, even if Include
Mixing is not active. However, the Slaved rudder will not move if
input is received from a source other than the rudder stick, such
as the snap roll button, or from another program mix, etc.
Another way to describe Include Mixing is that it will cause the
Slave channel to react to the Master channel at all times, regardless of where the input is initiated (stick, snap roll button, another
programmable mix, etc.). It can also result in using fewer mixes
in some instances.
An arrow will appear on the display to the left of the Master
channel when Include Mixing is activated.
To illustrate how Include Mix can result in using fewer mixes, see
the folowing example:
Mix1: AILE › THRO
Mix2: › THRO › RUDD
Mix2’s operating value includes the operating value from Mix1’s
Master channel (aileron). By moving the aileron control stick,
Mix1 has the ailerons mixing into the throttle. At the same time,
Mix2 is mixing throttle into the rudder. Since Include Mixing is
activated, you are also mixing your ailerons into the rudder. This
results in the aileron stick moving not only the aileron servo, but
also the throttle and rudder servos.
Include Mixing may sound complex, but it actually eliminates the
need for a third mixing program to mix aileron and rudder channels. Therefore, Include Mixing reduces the number of mixing
programs needed when using multiple mixing functions.
Touch the SEL key one more time to access the Origin Mixing
function from the Include Mixing function.
Origin Mixing
In order to understand Origin Mixing, it’s necessary to first
understand how Normal Mixing operates.
In Normal Mix, if the dual rate, exponential rate, VTR and/or
trace rate value of the Master channel is assigned, it also affects
the Slave channel. For example, if rudder is mixed to nose gear
steering (AUX 4) and an expo value is assigned to the rudder, the
nose wheel steering (AUX 4) will have the same expo value as
the rudder.
Now using the same example (RUDD to AUX 4), let’s turn on the
Origin Mix and see what effect it has.
44
With Origin Mix activated, D/R, Expo, VTR, or TR does not
affect the Slave channel (AUX 4). The Slave channel keys directly off of the original stick, ignoring the “modifiers” that have
been assigned to the Master. With Origin Mixing on, the rudder,
dual rate, expo, etc., will have no effect on the nose wheel steering.
There is one other very important feature associated with
Origin Mix. It is the ability to use a lever, switch, or knob to control other mixers, even when the lever, switch, or knob has been
inhibited in Function Select (Code 17) or has otherwise been
inhibited as the result of using a built-in function.
This is possible because Origin Mix instructs the transmitter to read
and act upon only the physical position of the lever, switch, or knob
(the control), and to disregard the channel that the control is normally
associated with. The manner in which the transmitter reacts to the
control is dependent upon what is set up in the program mixer.
This Origin Mix function can be demonstrated by a simple and
practical example involving the Flap lever located on the left side
of the transmitter and the Flaperon wing type that is typically
used to control ailerons with two servos on two channels. Our
example assumes that it is an aerobatic aircraft and as such, we
don’t need the ailerons to work as flaps—only as ailerons.
The factory default is to have the Flap lever assigned to the Flap
channel (AUX1/FLAP). When the Flap lever is moved, it causes
the Flap channel/servo to move. When we use the Flaperon wing
type to control the ailerons with two servos/channels, we plug the
left aileron into the Flap channel (AUX1/Flap). Since we don’t
want the ailerons to act as flaps, we Inhibit the Flap lever in
Function Select (Code 17). At this point, the Flap lever no longer
has any effect on the Flap channel—it has been
disconnected—when the lever is moved, nothing happens.
The Flap lever is now free to be used for other purposes. Let’s say
we want to use it for an idle-up, where the Flap lever is used to
increase the idle of our engine while flying, and then to reduce
the idle when it is time to land. We can accomplish this using a
program mixer; selecting the Flap channel (AUX1/FLAP) as the
Master; selecting the throttle channel as the Slave; and turning on
Origin Mix. If you are following along and wish to program this
idle-up to the Flap lever, do the following:
1. Inhibit the Flap lever in Function Select (Code 17) if it is not
already inhibited.
2. Access an unused program mixer (51–55).
3. Select Channel 6 (AUX1/FLAP) as the Master and select
Channel 1 (throttle) as the Slave.
4. Touch PAGE two times and select Origin Mixing, telling the
mixer to sense the Flap lever.
5. Touch PAGE again to get to the first mixer screen.
6. Move the Flap lever all of the way down.
7. Touch STORE to store the offset—this sets the mix starting point
to the lever’s lowest position so that the idle can only be increased
and not accidentally decreased, which might kill the engine.
8. Touch the + key until the value reaches 15%—this limits the
10X MANUAL Airplane
idle up to 15% of throttle travel.
9. Turn the receiver on and check to see if the throttle moves in
the correct direction—moving the Flap lever up should open
the throttle slightly. If it is reversed, touch TURN to reverse the
mix direction.
That’s all there is to it!
Remember that this concept applies to all levers, switches, and
knobs that are accessible in Function Select.
Mixing With Trim
Whenever the Master channel is aileron, elevator, or rudder, you
have the option of allowing the Master channel’s trim lever to
mix into the Slave channel. To activate trim mixing, touch the
SEL key. The screen shows that this has been activated by displaying “on” below trim. You can observe the operation by
watching the Slave channel, while moving the Master channel’s
trim lever.
Note: If you have not yet entered values for the mixing percentages, the Slave channel will remain stationary. Also, if the mixing
percentages are minute, the movement of the Slave channel from
the trim lever is also minute.
10X MANUAL Airplane
45
8.14
Code 56-58
Multi-Point Programmable Mixing
Multi-Point Mixing provides the ability to define a customized
“curve” of travel that the Slave channel will follow as it reacts to
the Master channel. It is different from Normal Mixing in the
sense that Normal Mixing results in a form of linear movement of
the Slave channel in relation to the Master. With Multi-Point
Mixing you can define up to 8 points along the travel of the
Master channel. Then for each defined point the amount and
direction of the Slave can be set.
Accessing and Utilizing the Multi-Point
Programmable Mixing
The first number key you select becomes the Master channel. The
Master channel is the channel from which you want to mix. In
other words, this is the controlling channel for the mixing feature.
The second number key selected becomes the Slave channel. The
Slave channel is the channel that is being mixed into the Master
channel. You can also think of it as the controlled channel for the
mixing feature.
For example, you want to mix the rudder channel to the aileron
channel. Rudder is the Master, or controlling, channel. Aileron is
the Slave, or controlled, channel. The initial screen shows that the
mixing feature is inhibited.
However, after rudder is selected, the screen will appear as follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Touch
to cancel
current mix and return to
mix inhibited screen
Touch
to
exit program
To access the Multi-Point Programmable Mixing function, enter
the proper code, 56-58, in the code number access selection or
use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Touch
to
cancel current
mix if activated
Touch
to
memorize data
and exit program
Touch to select master and slave channels
Indicates program is
currently inhibited
To select the Master and Slave channels, touch the appropriate
channel number at the bottom of the screen. The first channel you
touch will be the Master, the second the Slave.
Each channel or your transmitter and receiver has been assigned a
number for identification purposes. Use the chart on the next
page to identify the channel and its identification number.
Channel #
Receiver Channel
Complete Channel Name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
THRO
AILE
ELEV
RUDD
GEAR
AUX1
AUX2
AUX3
AUX4
AUX5
Throttle
Aileron
Elevator
Rudder
Gear/Retract
Auxiliary 1 (flaps)
Auxiliary 2
Auxiliary 3
Auxiliary 4
Auxiliary 5
46
Touch to select master and slave channels
Next choose the Slave channel by touching the corresponding
channel number.
Note: Once both the Master and the Slave channel have been
selected, the channel numbers are removed from the bottom of the
screen. If you have mistakenly entered a wrong channel number
for either the Master or the Slave channels, touch the CANCEL
key to cancel the mix and reprogram the mixing channels.
After the Master and Slave channels have been selected, touch
the ENTER key to advance to the next screen. Using our example, the screen will appear as follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Indicates selected
master and slave
channel
Touch
to
exit program
Touch
to activate the
multi-point programmable
mix function
Note: To select the Multi-Point Programmable Mixing function, touch the SEL key below TYPE until CURV appears. If norm
is selected, standard programmable mixing is activated. Refer to
the previous section, Standard Programmable Mixing, for the
operation of this function.
If Multi-Point Programmable Mixing is desired, select CURV
under TYPE and then touch ENTER. Your screen will appear as
follows:
10X MANUAL Airplane
Indicates program
being accessed
Touch
to advance
to next screen
Touch
to
exit program
useful when you want to move to the middle point position.
Exponential Function
An Exponential function allows you to smooth the selected curve.
Touch the SEL below the EXP to activate the exponential function.
Example screens:
Touch
to
inhibit program
Touch
to adjust the out
values
Touch 0 to reset
the selected point
to zero
Graphic
mixing
curve
Touch
to activate exponential
Graphic Mixing Curve
The graphic mixing curve, located on the right side of your
screen, illustrates the mixing curve and is a useful reference tool
when adjusting or storing points. Up to 6 points can be stored at
desired positions, and these points can be moved up and down to
any desired position from 0 to 100%.
EXPONENTIAL OFF
EXPONENTIAL ON
Accessing Switch Position Functions
Adding New Points
Any time the +CL- keys (at the bottom of the screen) are replaced
by the STORE key on the LCD, you can set a new point on the
curve. Move the Master channel stick and note the vertical line
where the cursor is located can be moved to any desired position.
To store a new point, move the Master channel stick to the
desired position and touch STORE at the bottom of the screen.
Up to 6 points can be programmed and a high point and low point
are automatically entered into your transmitter.
Clear Operation
When the display cursor indicates that the Master channel is in
the position of a point that you wish to clear, you can push the CL
key or the + and - key simultaneously to clear the desired point.
Note: Only this point will be cleared from the transmitter.
As a result of removing one point, the other point numbers
change accordingly. Their values do not change, only their point
number.
Mixing can be assigned to several flight modes or switches. To
access the Switch Position function, press the PAGE key at the
top right of the mixing screen. Your screen will appear as follows:
Note: If you wish for this mix to always be on, adjust the
desired mix value in Pos 0 and leave all switches in Position 0.
Two mix values are available—Position 0 mix value and Position
1 mix value. If you desire an on/off setting, store the desired on
values under 1 and leave the Pos 0 values at 0%. Then select the
desired switch with which you wish to turn the mix on and off by
touching SEL until Position 1 is selected.
Note: Position 1 always has priority over Position 0 such that
if a switch or Flight Mode is assigned to POS1 and that Flight
Mode or switch is activated, Position 1 mix values will be in
effect.
To access the Include and Origin Mixing, switch position and
mixing with trim functions, press the PAGE key at the top center
of the mixing screen. Your screen will appear as follows:
In & Out
“In” refers to the actual stick position of your gimbal. “Out”
refers to the actual position of the slave servo. The range for
“out” is adjustable from -100 – +100. You are able to adjust the
output value by pressing the + or - keys to increase/decrease the
respective values. If you press either the CL or the + and - keys
simultaneously, you will reset the output value to 0.
Stick Position
This value is represented numerically just below the ENTER key
and changes to show the current stick position. You may find this
10X MANUAL Airplane
47
Press PAGE again and your screen appears as:
Operating the Include and Origin Mixing Functions
By touching the SEL key beneath Master, you can select from
among the Normal, Include Mixing and Origin Mixing functions.
Mixing With Trim
Whenever the Master channel is aileron, elevator, rudder or throttle, you have the option of allowing the Master channel’s trim
lever to mix into the Slave channel. To activate trim mixing,
touch the SEL key. The screen shows that this has been activated
by displaying “on” below trim. You can observe the operation by
watching the Slave channel, while moving the Master channel’s
trim lever.
Note: If you have not yet entered values for the mixing percentages, the Slave channel will remain stationary. Also, if the mixing
percentages are minute, the movement of the slave channel from
the trim lever is also minute.
Include Mixing
Please refer to the description of Include Mixing on page 43.
Origin Mixing
Please refer to the description of Origin Mixing on page 44.
Practical Applications
Multi-Point Programmable Mixes
The PCM-10XI aircraft system features 3 multi-point programmable mixes. Each of these programmable mixes
allows up to 8 points to be selected and adjusted, including the low and high points. An example of a practical
use for this function is as follows.
An aerobatic aircraft exhibits roll coupling with the application of rudder in knife edge. At 50% rudder input, very
little roll coupling takes place, only 2% is required for correction. But at 75% rudder input, more roll coupling
occurs and 8% is required for correction. And at 100%
rudder, a lot of roll coupling occurs and 30% aileron correction is required to cancel out the roll coupling.
In this case, 7 total points would be needed, including
the endpoints. The graph would look something like this:
An exponential function in each of these 3 multi-point programs “smooths the curve,” eliminating abrupt servo
response at each selected point. These mixes can be
turned off or on with your choice of 8 different switch
positions, as well as at a selected throttle point. It can
also be programmed to be on at all times.
48
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.15
Code 62
Aileron-to-Rudder Mixing
Aileron-to-rudder mixing is useful for some airplanes to counteract adverse yaw effects. Adverse yaw is where a right aileron
input causes left yaw.
Two rudder mix values are available and can be programmed to
be automatically selected in any or all flight modes or by a
desired switch.
Note: When flight modes are activated, they replace the following switches:
FM0
➞
E-F
FM1
➞
M-D
FM2
➞
L-D
FM3
➞
MX
FM4
➞
AU
Note: POS1 has priority over POS0 such that if any switch or
flight mode that’s assigned to POS1 is turned on, the POS1 value
will be in effect. For example, all flight modes are set to POS0,
gear switch is set to POS1. When the gear switch is moved in the
forward position, POS1 values will be in effect even though the
flight mode that you are in is set to POS0.
The aileron-to-rudder mix values, Position 0 and Position 1, can
be selected in flight modes or with various switches. Touch PAGE
in Code 62, Aileron—>Rudder Mix, to access the switch selections.
Note: When flight modes are inactive, the following switch
choices are available:
E-F
➞ ELEVATOR FLAP SWITCH UP POSITION
M-D
➞ ELEVATOR FLAP SWITCH MID POSITION
L-D
➞ ELEVATOR FLAP SWITCH DOWN POSITION
MX
➞ MIX SWITCH
AU
➞ AUX 2 UP POSITION
GR
➞ GEAR SWITCH
SNP
➞ SNAP ROLL BUTTON
STK
➞ SELECTABLE THROTTLE STICK POSITION
10X MANUAL Airplane
49
8.16
Code 63
Elevator-to-Flap Mixing
The uppermost position of the flap mixing switch activates the
Elevator-to-Flap Mixing programming. When this system is
active and a value for flaps is input, the flaps will be deflected
each time the elevator stick is used. The actual flap movement is
adjustable for both up and down elevator. The most frequently
used application is up elevator/down flaps and down elevator/up
flaps. When used in this manner, the aircraft pitches much more
aggressively than normal.
Accessing and Utilizing the Elevator-to-Flap Mixing
Function
To access the Elevator-to-Flap Mixing function, enter Code 63 in
the code number access selection, or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Indicates down
elevator input
Indicates function
being programmed
Touch
to reverse
the direction of the
elevator ∅ flap mix.
The mixing value
remains the same and
only the direction in the
shaded box changes
Indicates up
elevator input
NOTE: OFF will appear if the
flap mixing switch is in the
center or lower positions
Touch
to increase flap
percentage for the shaded area
Touch
to decrease flap
percentage for the shaded area
Touch
to
memorize and exit
program
Indicates flap
input
percentage and
direction of
elevator stick
input
Touch
and
simultaneously,
or CL, to reset the shaded flap
percentage to the factory default – 0%
To adjust the mixing percentage, move the elevator stick in the
desired position, up or down. Your shaded box follows the input.
Use the + key to increase the percentage of flaps. The adjustable
range is 0– + 100%. If you want to decrease the percentage of
flaps, touch the - key. The adjustable range is from 0 – -100%.
If the flaps are moving opposite to the direction that you want,
touch the TURN key. This reverses the mixing direction, giving
you reverse throw, while still retaining the mixing value.
To clear the flap percentage for the shaded area, touch the CL key
or the + and - keys simultaneously. The value in the shaded area
returns to the factory default of 0%.
If you do not want to use the flaps independently, you may want
to inhibit the flap lever in Code 17, Trimmer function.
Additionally, any trimming of the flaps can be accomplished
through the Sub-Trim function, Code 15.
50
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.17
Code 64
Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator Mixing
Rudder-to-Aileron and Rudder-to-Elevator Mixing is commonly
used to correct roll and pitch coupling tendencies in aerobatic aircraft. With many airplanes, the application of rudder also causes
the airplane to roll and pitch, as well as yaw, making such maneuvers as knife edge and point rolls difficult. Rudder-to-Aileron and
Rudder-to-Elevator Mixing allows you to eliminate these rolling
and pitching tendencies with rudder application.
Accessing and Utilizing the Rudder-toAileron/Elevator Mixing
To access the Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator Mixing, enter Code 64
in the code number access selection or use the direct mode
method.
The Rudder-to-Aileron screen will appear as follows:
Switch Selection
The Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator mixing can be assigned to several flight modes or switches. Touch the PAGE key until the following screen appears.
Indicates which switch
position values are selected
Indicates flight mode or
switch selected
Touch
button to
return to mix function
Touch
to select position 1 or 0
mix values
Note: If you wish for this mix to always be on, adjust the desired
mix value in Position 0 and leave all switches in Position 0.
Two mix values are available—Position 0 mix value and Position
1 mix value. If you want an on/off setting, store the desired “on”
values under POS1 and leave the POS0 values at 0%. Then select
the desired switch with which you wish to turn the mix on and off
by touching SEL until Position 1 is selected.
Note: Position 1 always has priority over Position 0 such that
if a switch or flight mode is assigned to POS1 and that flight
mode or switch is activated, Position 1 mix values will be in
effect.
To adjust the mixing percentage, move the rudder stick in the
desired direction. The shade box follows the input.
Use the + or - keys to adjust the mixing value. The adjustment
range is from -100 – +100. Touch the TURN key to select a positive or negative value.
To clear the mix value, touch the CL key or the + or - keys simultaneously.
To access the Rudder-to-Elevator screen, press the PAGE key
until the following screen appears. Follow the same procedure
used in Rudder-to-Aileron Mix to set valves.
10X MANUAL Airplane
51
Practical Applications
Rudder-to-Aileron/Elevator Mix Practical
Application
Rudder-to-aileron/elevator mix is designed to eliminate
unwanted rolling and pitching tendencies when rudder is
applied. To utilize this feature, first trim your aircraft for
straight and level flight. Now apply only right rudder and
note any rolling tendencies. If the airplane rolls right (proverse roll), a left aileron mixing value must be programmed in Code 64. Adjust this value until no rolling
coupling occurs. Now try left rudder and adjust the left
rudder-to-aileron mix value until no rolling coupling occurs.
Now roll left to knife edge and apply right rudder and
note if the nose pitches up or down (relative to the aircraft). Adjust the rudder-to-elevator mix value accordingly.
Roll to the opposite knife edge and do the same with left
rudder. You may find that changing the rudder-to-elevator
mix slightly affects the roll coupling and the rudder-toaileron value may need to be slightly changed. However,
if the model tends to pitch or roll couple in a non-linear
fashion, Code 56-58 multipoint mixing can be used.
Note: Two values (POS 0 and POS 1) are available for
rudder-to-aileron and rudder-to-elevator mix. To access
these, touch PAGE and select the desired switch or flight
mode.
52
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.18
Code 66
Flap System
The 10X features a three-position flap system with elevator compensation. Its purpose is to allow the flaps to be deployed in two
positions normally, approximately 15 degrees down for takeoff
and 45 degrees down for landing, but certainly other positions,
including up, are available for special applications/maneuvers.
An Auto Land feature is included that will automatically retract
the flaps when the throttle is raised above a pre-programmed
throttle position, which is helpful in the case of a missed landing
attempt.
Because deploying flaps generally causes a pitch change, elevator
compensation is provided that allows two pre-set trim changes of
elevator when the flaps are deployed. The Flap System can be
activated using the three-position flap switch or it can be assigned
to flight modes.
Accessing and Utilizing the Flap System
To access the Flap System, enter Code 66 in the code number
access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Flight Mode Select
The mid or land flap and elevator position can be programmed to
automatically deploy in any of the five flight modes. With Flight
Mode selected in Code 17, Function Select, touch the PAGE key
in Code 66, Flap System, until the following screen appears:
Note: If Flight Mode is not activated in Code 17, it will be
impossible to access this screen.
Touch the SEL key below each Flight Mode to select the desired
flap position function. Four choices are available:
0
= Flap and elevator are in the normal neutral position
and the three-position switch has no effect.
FLAP = The three-position flap switch is active.
MID = The flap and elevator are in the mid position and the
three-position switch has no effect.
LAND = The flap and elevator are in the land position and the
three-position switch has no effect.
Select the desired function for each Flight Mode. If you choose
for the three-position flap switch to be functional in all Flight
Modes, then program FLAP under each Flight Mode.
Auto Land
Note: When utilizing the Flap System, it’s suggested that you
inhibit the flap lever in Code 17, Function Select. Also in Code 17
you can choose to have the flap lever act as a flap trimmer or to
be inhibited. See page 19, Code 17 Function Select, for more
information.
Setting the Flap and Elevator Positions
To adjust flap and elevator to the desired position, first move the
three-position flap switch to the mid or land position. Adjust the
values of the selected position until the flaps and elevator are
where you want them to be. The range is adjustable from +/0–125%.
Note: The use of travel adjust and sub-trim can be used if a
larger flap servo stroke is desired. Sub-trim must be used if a
large stroke is needed so as to not overdrive the flap servo past its
limits. This is necessary as the neutral or up position of the flaps
is the centered position of the servo, so unless sub-trim is used to
redefine the servos center, increasing travel adjust could overdrive the flap servo.
10X MANUAL Airplane
To store an Auto Land stick position, move the throttle stick to
the desired position and touch STORE below the AUTO LAND
on the left side of the screen. The stored position will be displayed and the flaps can only be deployed below that pre-set
throttle stick position. If the flaps are deployed at low throttle and
the throttle is raised above the pre-set position (missed landing
approach), the flaps will be automatically raised to their up position.
Important Note: On some aircraft, lowering the flaps also
reduces the stall speed (the minimum flight speed at which the
aircraft can maintain flight). Raising the flaps at these slow
speeds can cause a stall, thus resulting in a crash. It’s important
to test the Auto Land feature at a higher altitude, throttling up to
see the effect of going from full flaps to raised flaps at slow
speeds and seeing if any stall issues are encountered. The additional altitude will give you time to recover should a stall occur.
53
8.19
Code 75
Note: All servos move simultaneously. Your screen will appear
as follows:
Servo Monitor
The Servo Monitor function allows you to visually examine each
of the 10 channel’s servo positions. This is extremely helpful
when setting up complicated mixing or checking to be sure that a
function is working properly in a flight mode. A servo test mode
is also available in this function.
To access the Servo Monitor function, enter Code 75 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
Observe each respective servo in your airplane for signs of
unusual wear. Note that a servo with either a worn or bad potentiometer will jump or “jitter” as it moves across the weak area.
Step Servo Test
You can access the Step Test at any time during the Servo Test
function. To do so, touch the SEL key in the lower left portion of
the LCD display.
Your screen will change to display the following:
Servo Test (Slow/Step)
Note: The servos now move one at a time through the Step Test
The Servo Test function enables you to see if any of your servos
have developed any bad or worn spots on their potentiometers.
Note: Prior to accessing the servo test function, remove all
linkages from the servo. You do this because the servos travel
their full range regardless of the travel values selected in the
Travel Adjust function, Code 12.
Accessing and Utilizing the Servo Test
Function
First, as just mentioned, it is imperative that you remove all linkages from the servos in your airplane. This enables the servo to
travel its full range without any mechanical binding that could
harm the servo and/or airplane.
After this has been completed, access the Servo Test Function by
entering Code 75 at the code number access selection or using the
direct mode method.
mode. The feature begins with channel 1 (the throttle channel)
and moves to channel 2, then channel 3 and so on. Each servo
moves through four steps before going to the next servo.
Note: The 10X tests all channels, not just the ones you are
using on your airplane. Therefore, you might notice a delay
between servo testing. If AUX1 is the last channel used, there will
be a delay of approximately 5–8 seconds before the throttle channel begins its step testing.
Touch ENTER at any time to exit the Servo Test function.
Slow Servo Test
The servos immediately begin to slowly cycle through their travel
ranges.
54
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.20
Hold (Z PCM)
Code 77
Fail-Safe/Hold
The Fail-Safe/Hold feature is available only when you use the
transmitter in either of the PCM modulations — SPCM or
ZPCM. These features are designed to help minimize the damage
to your airplane during a loss of signal to the receiver. The servos
either assume the fail-safe presets or hold their last good signal
position.
Accessing and Utilizing the Fail-Safe/Hold Feature
To access the Fail-Safe/Hold functions, enter Code 77 at the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Note: Since the actual screen appearance varies, depending on
the modulation of your radio, refer to the appropriate modulation
section that follows.
PPM
As noted earlier, if you are in the PPM modulation, the FailSafe/Hold functions are not applicable. The screen will appear as
follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Touch
to exit program
The Hold function is automatically activated when the radio is
turned on and is in the ZPCM modulation.
This feature stops (or holds) the servos in the positions they were
in just prior to the interference. Therefore, your airplane maintains the position held immediately before the interference was
experienced. When a clear signal is restored, the Hold function
releases, and control of the airplane returns to you.
Fail-Safe (Z PCM)
Note: Fail-safe should always be set when the airplane engine
is not running.
When the Fail-Safe function is activated (i.e., the signal is interrupted), the receiver automatically moves each servo to a preset
position. The position that each servo assumes is determined by
you, as is the time length of the interference that must occur
before servos move to their preset position.
After the interference has ceased, control of the airplane returns
immediately to you.
There are three time delays to choose from: .25 sec, 0.5 sec, and
1.0 sec. These time delays are the amount of time it takes, starting
the moment the interference occurs, until the servos assume their
preset positions.
To select the preset servo positions and the time delay, access
Code 77, as instructed earlier. From the Hold screen, simply
touch the SEL key. The display will change to read as follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Indicates model
number for which
function is being
accessed
Touch
to exit program
Indicates that the FAILSAFE/HOLD feature is void
due to the PPM modulation
ZPCM Fail-Safe/Hold
Indicates model
number for which
function is being
accessed
Touch
to select
another delay time:
once for 0.5 sec.,
twice for 1.0 sec., or
three times to return
to hold
Touch to memorize preset servo positions
(NOTE: When
is touched, an
audible “beep” will sound and “SET” will
flash momentarily above the
key)
The initial screen will appear as follows:
Indicates program
being accessed
Indicates model
number for which
function is being
accessed
Indicates that, should
Touch
to activate the
interference occur, the
FAIL-SAFE preset memories
servos would hold their last
position prior to the
interference
10X MANUAL Airplane
The first time delay that appears is the .25 second delay. If you
want to select the 0.5 second delay, simply touch the SEL key one
time. If you desire a 1.0 second delay before the servos assume
their preset positions, touch the SEL key one more time—i.e.,
two times from the .25 second display.
To enter the preset servo positions you want, simply hold the
sticks in the positions you want the servos to assume during signal loss conditions. You can determine fail-safe preset positions
for the other channels of your airplane by placing the potentiometers and switch in the positions that you want them to assume
55
during interference. Next, touch the STORE key. While the
STORE key is depressed, an audible beep sounds and “SET”
flashes momentarily on the LCD display above the STORE key.
Those stick, potentiometer and switch positions are now stored in
the transmitter’s memory circuits, to be sent to the receiver’s
memory automatically.
To verify the input of the fail-safe preset positions, turn the transmitter “off” while leaving the receiver’s power “on.” Observe the
reactions of the servos. They should assume the positions that
you entered with the STORE key.
Note: These preset positions remain stored in the transmitter’s
memory until both the transmitter battery pack and the lithium
back-up battery have been removed (or until Code 28, Data
Reset, has been performed). Therefore, you do not have to reset
each time you fly. Should you wish to adjust the fail-safe preset
positions, simply access the Fail-Safe function once again and
adjust the preset as you have just done. The transmitter automatically recalls the settings for the last fail-safe adjustment.
The fail-safe in the SPCM offers three types of fail-safe: Hold,
fail-safe presets, or a combination of the first two.
SPCM Hold
Indicates model number
for which feature is being
accessed
If upper area is shaded, channel will
Touch
to
Indicates feature assume preset; if lower area is shaded, memorize data
being accessed channel will assume HOLD
and exit program
Note: Auxiliary channels 4 and 5 cannot be preset for fail-safe
positions. These channels (9 and 10, respectively, on the receiver)
hold the position of their last good signal from the transmitter.
To select the servos that will return to the preset positions, access
Code 77 as instructed earlier. Press the numerical keys corresponding to channels 1-8 on the receiver. (Refer to Section 3.1,
Channel Assignment, to determine functions correlating to channel numbers.)
When the STORE key is depressed, an audible beep sounds and
SET flashes momentarily on the LCD display above the STORE
key. The stick and switch positions are now stored in the transmitter’s memory circuits, to be sent to the receiver’s memory
automatically.
To verify the input of the fail-safe preset positions, turn the transmitter “off” while leaving the receiver’s power on. Observe the
reactions of the servos. They should assume the positions that
you entered with the STORE key.
Note: These preset positions remain stored in the transmitter’s
memory until both the transmitter battery pack and the lithium
back-up battery have been removed (or until Code 28, Data
Reset, has been performed). Therefore, you do not have to reset
the fail-safe each time you fly. Should you want to adjust the failsafe preset positions, simply access the Fail-Safe function once
again and adjust the presets as you have just done. The transmitter automatically recalls the settings for the latest fail-safe
adjustment.
Combination Fail-Safe and Hold (S PCM)
1–8 correspond to channel numbers on receiver
Indicates whether
channel is in FAIL-SAFE
or HOLD position
The Hold feature is automatically activated when the radio is
turned “on” and in the SPCM modulation.
This feature stops (or holds) the servos in the positions that they
were in just prior to the interference. When a clear signal is
restored, the Hold function releases and control of the airplane
returns you.
The 10X also allows you to combine the Hold and Fail-Safe presets for the first eight (8) channels on the receiver—you can
select Fail-Safe or Hold independently for channels 1-8 on the
aircraft. In other words, some channels will hold their last clear
signal position, while others assume a preset position.
For example, if you want channels 1, 3, 5 and 7 to maintain a
hold position, while channels 2, 4, 6 and 8 assume a preset position, touch the numbers 2, 4, 6 and 8 on the fail-safe screen. The
LCD should read as follows:
SPCM Fail-Safe
Once the Fail-Safe function has been activated by signal interruption (interference), the receiver automatically moves the servos to
a preset position. You determine the pre-determined servo positions. In the SPCM Fail-Safe, the time delay (the amount of time
it takes, starting the moment the interference occurs, until the servos assume the preset positions) is fixed at .25 or 1/4 second.
After the interference has ceased, normal operation of the airplane returns to you immediately.
56
Note: Channels 1, 3, 5 and 7 were not touched (as is exhibited
by the location of the shaded boxes corresponding to the channel
numbers) and automatically hold their last clear signal.
10X MANUAL Airplane
Once any channel is designated for a fail-safe preset, your screen
will change to display the following:
Indicates model number
for which feature is being
accessed
Indicates program
being accessed
1–8 correspond to channel numbers on receiver
Indicates whether
channel is in FAIL-SAFE
or HOLD position
Touch
to memorize
data and exit
program
Touch
to
store FAIL-SAFE
preset positions for
channels selected
Note: In the above example, only channel 1, throttle, has been
designated so far for fail-safe preset. You can observe this by noting that the shaded portion of the box is in the upper or fail-safe
position.
To enter the preset servo positions you want, simply place the
levers (AUX1 and AUX3), switches (AUX2 and retracts) and the
gimbal sticks in the positions you want the servos to assume during signal loss conditions. Next, touch the STORE key. The
STORE key appears whenever any channel has been selected for
fail-safe, instead of hold signal, position.
In the previous example, channels 2, 4, 6 and 8 were touched (as
is exhibited by the location of their shaded boxes) and need to
have preset positions input accordingly.
To select a preset fail-safe position, place the lever(s), switch(es)
and/or gimbal sticks in the positions you want the servos to
assume during signal loss conditions. Next, touch the STORE
key. The STORE key appears whenever any channel is selected
for fail-safe. When the STORE key is depressed, an audible beep
sounds and SET flashes momentarily on the LCD display above
the STORE key.
The switch positions and/or stick positions are now stored in the
transmitter’s memory circuit, to be sent automatically to the
receiver’s memory.
To verify the input of the applicable fail-safe presets, turn the
power switch of the transmitter “off,” while leaving the receiver’s
power “on.” Observe the reactions of the servos. The channels
that have been selected for fail-safe preset positions now assume
those positions, while the other channels hold their last clear signal position.
Note: These preset positions remain stored in the transmitter’s
memory until both the transmitter battery pack and the lithium
back-up battery have been removed (or until Code 28, Data
Reset, has been performed). Therefore, you do not have to reset
the fail-safe each time you fly. Should you want to adjust the failsafe preset positions, simply access the Fail-Safe function once
again and adjust the presets as you have just done. The transmitter automatically recalls the settings for the latest fail-safe
adjustment.
10X MANUAL Airplane
57
8.21
Code 78
Pilot Link
The Pilot Link is a unique feature that allows the 10X to be
hooked to another JR transmitter and, when the snap roll button is
depressed on the 10X, the other transmitter has control of the
aileron, elevator, rudder and throttle only, while the “Master”
10X retains all other functions, such as rates, flaps, trims, mixes,
etc.
This feature allows the pilot of a very sophisticated aircraft to
“buddy box” with another pilot, allowing him to try the aircraft
without having to learn complicated switch positions or making it
necessary to match the internal programming of the Master transmitter.
This feature also allows two pilots to fly one aircraft—one pilot
handles the primary flight controls while the other handles the
technical aspect (e.g., mixture, flaps, rates, trims, mixes, etc.).
This is helpful when test flying complex aircraft.
To access Pilot Link, enter Code 78 in the code number access
selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
If the slave radio is a 10SxII or a 10X:
1. Access Pilot Link, Code 78, and touch the SEL key until the
screen reads SLAVE.
2. With the Slave radio turned off and the Master 10X turned on,
connect the two radios using an optional trainer cord in the
DSC jack.
Now, when the snap roll button on the Master 10X is depressed,
the Slave radio will have control of the primary controls (aileron,
elevator, rudder, throttle), while the Master has full control of all
other functions.
Releasing the snap button will return full control to the Master.
Note: When Pilot Link is active, the INFO screen will display
the Pilot Link mode that’s activated.
Note: Once the Pilot Link function is activated, the DSC function will not operate. To use the DSC function, the Pilot Link
function must be inhibited temporarily.
Touch
to the function
mode screen
Touch
to select
master or slave
Using the 10X as a Master
Touch SEL until MASTER appears on the screen.
Slave Radio Set Up
If the slave radio is a computer radio:
1. Select a model memory that’s not being used and reset that
memory to the factory default.
2. Now set the modulation to PPM.
3. Center all the trim levers (aileron, elevator, throttle, rudder).
If the slave radio is an analog radio:
1. Set all the reversing switches to normal.
2. Center all the trim levers (aileron, elevator, throttle, rudder).
58
10X MANUAL Airplane
Note: The model name (and frequency, if entered) appears on the
initial screen each time the 10X is turned on.
Note: If Code 28, Data Reset, has been used, the model name
is also reset.
Code 81
8.22
Model Name Input
This function is used to name each model in the memory of your
transmitter, making it very convenient to change from one airplane to another. You may also want to list the frequency of each
airplane should you use more than one frequency between models. This helps prevent frustration at the flying field.
Accessing and Utilizing the Model Name Function
To access the Model Name function, enter Code 81 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Your screen will appear as follows:
Model number
to be named
Indicates code which
is being programmed
Touch to move cursor (cursor
can only be moved to the right)
Touch
to access Touch
next screen of
to exit program
alpha/numeric selection
Touch any letter/number to enter at cursor. Touch
for next selection
(NOTE: There is space in the model name for sixteen characters)
Cursor indicates location
of next alpha/numeric
character
Note: There is space in the model name for 16 letters or numbers from the alpha numeric selections.
The vertical arrow serves as the cursor and indicates the position of the next letter or number to be entered. To create a space
between numbers and/or letters, simply touch the horizontal
arrow → or touch the SEL key until you see the blank space and
touch this key.
To enter a number or letter, use the SEL key until the desired
number/letter appears, then press the number/letter. It will appear
in the indicated position.
Note: The cursor automatically moves to the next entry position. To correct a character that is entered in error, press the horizontal arrow until the cursor is under the character to be corrected and select a replacement character.
Touch the next letter or number until the model naming process is
complete.
Touch ENTER to memorize the model name and to exit this program.
10X MANUAL Airplane
59
8.23
Code 83
Digital Trims and Trim Rate Adjustment
→
The 10X features digital trims on aileron, elevator, and rudder
and a mechanical trim on throttle. Digital trim positions are automatically stored in memory for each model, and it’s not necessary
to manually store trim positions as it was with previous generations of JR 10-channel radios. Furthermore, independent digital
trims in each flight mode can be selected ( see FM Trim, Code
17, page 19). Each digital trim has a trim rate feature that is
adjustable from 1 to 10. This allows the amount of trim movement for each step of trim to be altered from very fine (setting of
1, one click of trim moves the servo very little, which is useful for
ultra-fine tuning of an aircraft) to very course (setting of 10, one
click of trim moves the servo a large distance, which is useful
when first trimming out an airplane).
Note about digital trim rates: It’s important to understand that
the total trim travel (the total amount of servo travel available
with the digital trim lever) does not change when the digital trim
rate is changed and remains at approximately 30 degrees. Only
the distance between steps (resolution) is altered when the trim
rate value is changed.
Note about mechanical throttle trim rate: The mechanical
throttle trim rate is adjustable from 0-100%. Adjustments made to
the throttle trim rate affect both the total servo travel available
with the throttle trim lever (approximately 0 to 30 degrees) and
the servo travel between each click of trim (resolution).
Features of the digital trims:
• The digital trims emit a loud beep each time the trim is moved.
• When the trim neutral position is reached, a distinctive high
pitched beep is emitted, audibly indicating that the center position has been reached, and the trim travel will pause for a short
period of time.
• When holding the digital trim continuously and the center position is reached, a high pitched beep is emitted and a slight delay
(approximately 1/2 second) will occur, allowing you time to
release the trim at the exact neutral if desired.
• The pitch of the beep changes from right to left/ up to down
(right is a low pitched tone, while left is a high pitched tone; up is
a low pitched tone and down is a high pitched tone). This allows
the pilot to audibly approximate the trim position during flight
without having to look at the transmitter.
• The digital trims feature automatic dual speed scrolling. If the
trim is held, the speed at which the trim changes will start at a
slow rate then increases to a more rapid rate in approximately 3
seconds.
• A distinct higher pitched beep is emitted at the extremes of trim
travel, indicating the trim end point has been reached.
• When Flight Modes are active, individual trim settings for each
Flight Mode are available and are automatically memorized for
each Flight Mode. See page 19, Code 17 FM Trim.
60
Digital Trim Display
On the initial info screen, the trim position can be displayed on a
bar graph or as a digital value for reference. To select the bar
graph or digital trim values, touch the SEL key on the initial info
screen (see below).
Accessing and Utilizing the Trim Rate Feature
Touch
to select the bar
graph or digital trim values for
the digital trim settings
To access the Trim Rate feature, enter Code 83 in the code number access selection or use the direct mode method.
Your screen will appear as follows:
Note: The factory default settings for digital trim rates are
Touch
to
return to function
mode
Touch the
or
to
increase or decrease the total
trim throw and distance
between each step for the
throttle servo
Touch the
or
to increase or
decrease the trim rate (1 to 10) (step
distributed between each click of trim)
for that respective channel
four, while the default settings for the throttle trim is 100%. If,
after flying your model, you find that the trim rate needs to be
altered, simply access the Trim Rate function as described above.
Next, touch the + or - keys under each channel to achieve the
desired trim rate. Touch CL to return to the factory setting of four
for digital trims or 100% for mechanical trim.
After completion of the trim rate selection, press the ENTER key
to exit the program.
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.24
touch the ENTER key. Instead, touch the COPY key. Your screen
will change to:
Code 84
Model Selection (1-10)
This transmitter allows you to program settings for ten (10) different airplanes into its memory. It also allows you to copy the
data from one airplane program to another model memory.
Use the Model Selection function to select a model in memory
and to copy data from one model to another.
Accessing and Utilizing the Model Selection
Function
To access the Model Selection function, enter Code 84 in the
code number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will appear as follows:
After entering the copy screen, proceed to select the destination
or “to” model. To do so, simply touch the + or - keys at the bottom of the LCD screen. That is, if you accidentally select Model
1 as the destination model, but do not want to copy over the existing data, select Model 2, 3, etc., by touching the + or - keys on
the bottom of the LCD screen.
Note: This is one instance where the naming of your models in
Code 81, Model Name, will assist you in avoiding errors in the
selection of models.
If you change your mind and do not wish to transfer the “from”
model data to any other model memory within your transmitter,
you can simply copy it to itself without losing anything.
Model Selection
→
→
→
→
Five models are displayed on the screen.
To select different models, simply touch the + or - key to scroll
to the model you wish to access. To access models 6 through 10,
simply continue to scroll through the models with the + or key.
Touch the ENTER key to select the current model number and
name (if applicable) displayed on the LCD display.
Note: If the servos do not respond to the control inputs after
model selection is completed, check the frequency in both the
transmitter and receiver to ensure that they are in agreement. If
they are, check the Modulation, Code 85. Refer to Modulation
Selection on page 63 for more information.
Copy Function
This Copy function allows you to transfer all data from the current model to another model memory of your choice.
Note: This function is only for use when copying models from
one model memory to another model memory within the same
transmitter. To copy one of your model’s settings into a different
10X airplane radio, refer to Code 86, Data Transfer.
After accessing the Model Select function, select the model you
want to copy the data from. To do so, refer to the Model Select
section above. However, after selecting the “from” model, do not
10X MANUAL Airplane
61
8.25
Receiver Compatibility Chart
Code 85
Tx Modulation
Compatible Rx
# of Channels
& Brief Description
PPM
NER-226
6 (micro)
PPM
NER-228
8
PPM
NER-327x
7
PPM
NER-527x
7 (micro)
PPM
NER-529x
9 (micro)
PPM
NER-549x
9 (micro)
ZPCM
NER-236
6 (micro)
Accessing and Utilizing the Modulation Selection
Function
ZPCM
NER-627XZ or
627 “G” series
7
ZPCM
NER-J329P
9
To access the Modulation Selection funciton, enter Code 85 at the
code number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will display:
ZPCM
NER-910XZ
10
SPCM
NER-649S
9
SPCM
NER-940
10
SPCM
NER-950
10
Modulation Selection
This Modulation Selection function enables your 10X to transmit
to a variety of JR receivers that are already or may soon be in
existence. You can select from either of two types of PCM,
ZPCM or SPCM, depending on the central processing unit within
your receiver. Or you can select PPM (pulse position modulation). Refer to the receiver compatibility chart for the correct
modulation.
Indicates feature
being programmed
Indicates current
modulation
Indicates modulation
selections
Model number for
which modulation is
being selected
Touch
to memorize
modulation selection and
exit program
Note: The 10X cannot be used with the NER-627x, NER-629x
or the NER-J229p receivers. The central processing units (or
CPUs) are not compatible.
Touch
to select modulation for the
model number on the top of the LCD
display (in our example, this would be
MODEL 9)
The type of modulation currently being used appears above the
SEL key on the display screen. To change modulation types,
touch the SEL key.
Note: Any time Code 28, Data Reset, is used, the 10X reverts
back to the factory default of SPCM.
Note: The modulation selection process takes place immediately. There is no need for the power switch to be turned off.
To exit the Modulation Selection function, touch the ENTER key
after selecting the proper modulation.
If you want to verify the modulation of your transmitter at any
time, simply return to the initial info screen. The screen below
appears:
Indicates current modulation
62
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.26
Code 86
Data Transfer
The Data Transfer function is used to transmit and receive model
memory between two 10X airplane transmitters or when storing
programming memory to a personal computer with the DataSafe.
(See the instructions included with the DataSafe for details on its
use.)
This data is transferred, and therefore received, one model at a
time. You may determine which model number is transferred, as
well as the model number it will be assigned on the receiving
transmitter. The program is so designed to prevent the receiving
radio from accidentally erasing current models.
Note: The Data Transfer function is only applicable between
two 10X airplane radios or the DataSafe. The data transfer functions properly regardless of differences in stick configuration
(mode), frequency, etc., between the two transmitters. If data
transfer is attempted between a 10X heli radio and a 10X airplane radio, or a PCM10s or PCM10Sx and a 10X, a warning
message appears on the receiving side of the transfer.
Note: In order to perform the Data Transfer function, you need
to obtain a JR trainer cord (JRPA130).
if this is not the model you wish to transfer to the receiving radio,
access Code 84, Model Select, to recall the desired model for
data transfer. You can use the code number access selection or
the direct mode method, as if the radio were in the “on” position.
Refer to section 8.24 in this manual for further information on the
Model Select feature.
The transmit radio is now ready to access the Data Transfer function.
To Access the Data Transfer Function
Note: If the battery voltage alarm has sounded, you will be
unable to access the Data Transfer function. For more information on the battery voltage alarm, refer to Section 6.1, Alarm and
Error Display, of this manual.
Enter Code 86 in the code number access selection or use the
direct mode method. The screen will appear as follows:
Indicates that this is
the TRANSMIT radio
Indicates program
being accessed
Accessing and Utilizing the Data Transfer Funciton
Start/stop key
Prior to accessing the Data Transfer function, prepare the transmit radio.
Preparing the Transmit Radio
The power switch must be in the “off” position.
Insert one end of the JR trainer cord into the Direct Servo Control
(DSC) port located in the rear of the transmitter. The pilot lamps
will not glow as they do when the power switch is on. However,
the LCD will be visible. The screen will appear as follows:
Indicates model
to be transferred
Indicates current
model number
Touch
to exit program
Touch
to change from
TRANSMIT to RECEIVE
Will flash on screen as a reminder that the
power must be off and the trainer cord inserted
into the DSC port
Touch the ST/SP key at this time. This completes the preparation
of the transmit radio for the time being and advances you to the
transmit standby screen that should appear as follows:
Indicates that this is the
TRANSMIT radio
Indicates program
being accessed
Flashes on screen to indicate
that the transmit radio is
ready for data transfer
Touch
to select the bar
graph or digital trim values for
the digital trim settings
Touch
to return
to previous screen
Indicates model to be
transferred
For a complete description of this screen, please refer to Section
7, Data Input.
Note: The significance of this screen is that it indicates the current model number and name (if applicable). The 10X only transmits the current model number and name as displayed. Therefore,
10X MANUAL Airplane
Touch
to transfer the data to the
receiver (NOTE: Do not touch
until
the receive transmitter has been
properly prepared)
Now begin preparation of the receiving transmitter.
63
Preparing the Receiving Transmitter
The power switch must be in the “off” position.
Insert the other end of the JR trainer cord into the Direct Servo
Control (DSC) port located in the rear of the transmitter. The
pilot lamps will not glow as they do when the power switch is
“on.” However, the LCD will be visible. The initial screen that
appears is the same screen as appeared at the transmit side.
Unlike the transmit side, however, you can select the receive
model after you have accessed the Data Transfer function.
Note: If the battery voltage alarm has sounded, you will be
unable to access the Data Transfer function. For more information on the battery alarm, refer to Section 6.1, Alarm and Error
Display, of this manual.
To access the Data Transfer function, enter Code 86 in the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method. The
screen will appear as follows:
Indicates that this is
the TRANSMIT radio
Indicates program
being accessed
Indicates current
model number
Touch
to exit program
Touch
to change from
TRANSMIT to RECEIVE
model at this time. To do so, press the SEL key until a model
memory that is not in use appears.
Note: It is important that you select a “receive-to” model that
is either not programmed or one that you no longer wish to use.
After a model has been received-to, you will be unable to call up
the previous model memory for that model number.
Once you have chosen a receive-to model memory, touch the
ST/SP key to advance to the receive standby screen. The screen
will appear as follows:
Indicates that this transmitter
is set-up to RECEIVE data
Indicates feature
being accessed
Indicates current
model number
Touch
to At this point
is inactive
return to previous
screen
Counter display
Flashes to indicate transmitter is
standing by to receive data
Indicates receive
to model number
You are now ready to proceed with the actual transfer of data.
Your screen should appear as follows:
Start/stop key
Indicates model
to be transferred
Will flash on screen as a reminder that the
power must be off and the trainer cord inserted
into the DSC port
Touch the SEL key in the upper right hand side of the LCD
screen. Your radio changes from the transmit to the receiver radio
at this point. The LCD screen will change accordingly.
Indicates program Indicates current
being accessed
model number
Touch
once to advance to
receive stand-by screen, twice to
return to this screen
Indicates that this transmitter will
RECEIVE the information from the
other PCM-10SX aircraft radio
Next, press the YES key on the transmit radio. At this point, you
will see both transmitter’s reactions simultaneously.
Touch
to return Touch
to transmit screen
to exit program
Touch
to change RECEIVE to
model numbers (you may select any
one of the ten model memories as the
receiving model)
Indicates transmit
function is properly
completed
Indicates receive function
is properly completed
(NOTE: The RECEIVE
model will now display
the name)
Indicates that, if we were to receive
the data from the other transmitter at
this point, we would lose our setups
for the Ugly Stick 72.170 (see warning)
The “receive-to” model is indicated directly above the blinking
“CONNECT DSC & POWER OFF” display. If you want to transfer data to the indicated model, press the ST/SP key to advance to
the receive standby screen. If the receive-to model is in use and
you do not want to erase it, you can select a different receive-to
64
10X MANUAL Airplane
Note: If you have copied another pilot’s program for his radio
controlled airplane, for the purpose of flying your own airplane,
be sure to familiarize yourself with all the set-ups. The receiving
model receives all data, modulation, servo travel direction, end
points (ATV), etc., from the transmit model. Failure to check
operation with your airplane may result in a crash.
Data Transfer Warnings
When the Data Transfer function is not working properly, the
counter display stops functioning. At this time, press the ST/SP
key and stop the transfer. Check to ensure that all DSC connections are properly fastened and that one radio is set up to transmit
data. If you cannot locate the problem, remove the trainer cord
from both systems and start the Data Transfer function again
from the beginning.
Even if the counter display has decreased to 0 and faded out,
there is a safety indicator to detect an error in the receive data.
This display will read as follows on the receive model:
This screen indicates that data transfer has not occurred properly.
Check to see if the trainer cord is properly inserted. Also, check
to see if the cord itself is functioning properly. Remove all kinks
and bends in the wire. If you cannot locate the difficulty, remove
the transfer cord from both systems and begin the Data Transfer
function once again.
The other warning will appear as follows:
Indicates the receiving transmitter
has received wrong data
This indicates that the receiving model has received improper
data, e.g., transfer of data from a 10X heli to a 10X airplane
radio. This type of transfer of data cannot be done.
10X MANUAL Airplane
65
8.27
The Count-Down Timer
Code 87
Timer
The 10X has both an integrated timer and a count-down timing
feature. The integrated timer serves as an up-timer, displaying the
accumulated transmitter on time for each model in the transmitter’s memory. The count-down feature is used as a stopwatch for
timed flights.
Accessing the Integrated Timing Function
To access the Integrated Timing function, enter Code 87 at the
code number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The screen will display:
Indicates countdown
timer inhibited
Indicates function Model number relative to
being programmed timer functions
Touch
to increase/
decrease TIMER SET in one
minute intervals, 00–60
Touch
to activate
count-down timer
Touch
to memorize
data and exit the timer
program
Touch
to
increase TIMER SET
in ten second
intervals, 00–50
Touch
to
clear integrated
timer and reset to
0:00:00
Integrated Timer
The integrated timer displays the total time the transmitter has
been on for each model. After 60 hours, the integrated timer automatically resets to 0:00:00. There are two screens where the integrated timer can be viewed:
1) in Code 87, timer function, as mentioned previously, and
2) in the initial display screen.
This screen will appear as follows:
Touch
to select the bar
graph or digital trim values for
the digital trim settings
This is the left-half of the screen. To activate the count-down timing feature, touch the ACT key. Your display changes to show
that it has been activated.
To adjust the time for the count-down timer, press the + and/or keys. From left to right on the timer display they: 1) add minutes
to the timer in one (1) minute intervals up to 60 minutes,
2) subtract minutes from the timer in one (1) minute intervals to
00 minutes,
3) add seconds to the timer in ten (10) second increments up to
50 seconds.
Once the count-down timer has been set to the proper time, press
the ENTER key to memorize the settings and exit the program.
To view your count-down timer settings, return to the initial
screen of the PCM10X.
The screen should now show:
Timer value which
you have input
Note: If the count-down timer is left at 0:00, zero, and active,
you may use it as a stopwatch or count-up timer.
Use of the Count-Down Timer
Touch the ST/SP key to start or stop the count-down timer. This
also serves to activate the stopwatch when the timer is set to 0:00,
zero.
Touch the CL key to reset the count-down timer to the pre-selected time.
During the count-down, the timer beeps twice at each minute
until it reaches the 30 seconds remaining mark, when it beeps
three times. At each ten (10) second interval afterwards, it beeps
twice until it reaches the final ten (10) seconds. It then beeps once
for each second until zero (0) time remains, when it sounds one
long beep. Once the timer has reached the zero, the display shows
+ to the right side of the time count. It then begins to count
upwards as elapsed time.
While you are in the Timer function, you can reset the integrated
timer by pressing the CL key. The timer returns to 0:00:00
momentarily and begins counting once again.
Note: The timer also resets if Code 28, Data Reset, has been
used.
66
10X MANUAL Airplane
8.28
Once the lock code is entered into the transmitter’s memory, each
time you turn the transmitter on and touch ENTER to access the
Function Mode, the display will change to:
Code 88
Keyboard Lock
The Keyboard Lock function enables you to enter a three digit
code, so that your model settings are safe-guarded against curiosity seekers who may tamper with your radio. This code can be
reset and stored as often as you like.
Note: Please write down your lock code and keep it someplace
safe. If you forget your code, the transmitter has to be sent to
Horizon’s service department to be unlocked.
Accessing and Utilizing the Keyboard Lock Function
To access the Keyboard Lock function, enter Code 88 at the code
number access selection or use the direct mode method.
The display will show as follows:
At this point, enter your lock code on the keypad at the bottom of
the LCD display. As you enter numbers, an asterisk appears
between the < > in the corresponding position. If you have
entered the correct code, the display changes to the code number
access selection screen. If you have not entered the proper code,
the 10X will not let you proceed any further.
Touch
to
will appear memorize data and
Indicates feature to
here after a number exit the timer program
be programmed
Indicates lockword is selected
Touch any number to enter it at the cursor
Cursor
After you have accessed the Keyboard Lock function, an arrow
appears on the display screen under the first of three numbers.
This arrow serves as the cursor for your lock code selection.
Determine your three number lock code and touch the corresponding numbers on the bottom of the LCD screen to enter
them.
Note: The cursor automatically advances to the next position
after a number is selected.
Touch the STORE key (that appears after the first numerical
selection) to store the selected lock code in the 10X’s memory.
Touch ENTER to exit the program.
If you want to remove the lock word at a later date, access the
Keyboard Lock function, Code 88, and enter 000 as the lock
code.
10X MANUAL Airplane
67
9
Battery Charging
9.1
Transmitter/Receiver
Note: It is imperative that you fully charge both the transmitter
and the receiver battery packs prior to each flight. To do so, leave
the charger and batteries hooked up overnight (16 hours). The
first charge should be approximately 20–24 hours in order to
fully charge both battery packs to peak capacity.
The charger supplied with this system is designed to recharge
your batteries at a rate of 50 mAh for the transmitter and
120 mAh for the receiver battery pack.
Transmitter Only
9.2
Charger
The pilot lamps should always be “on” during the charging operation. If not, check to make sure that both the transmitter and
receiver are switched “off.”
Do not use the charger for equipment other than JR. The charging
plug polarity may not be the same and equipment damage can
result.
During the charging operation, the charger’s temperature is
slightly elevated. This is normal.
Be sure to use the proper charger (120mAh) when using battery
packs of 1000mAh or larger for your receivers.
The center pin on all JR remote control systems transmitter
charge jacks is negative. Therefore, the center pin on all JR transmitter chargers is negative, not positive. This is different from
many other manufacturers’ chargers and radio systems. Beware
of improper connections based on “color coded” wire leads, as
they do not apply in this instance. You must make certain that the
center pin of your JR transmitter is always connected to the negative voltage for correct polarity hookup.
Note: Please refer to the following diagrams:
Charger Pigtail for Transmitter
Black to negative
Red to positive
Charger Pigtail to Receiver
Red=positive
Brown=negative
Orange=signal
Please note this is different than transmitter charge polarity.
68
10X MANUAL Airplane
10
Servo Precautions
• Do not lubricate servo gears or motors.
• Do not overload retract servos during retracted or extended
conditions. Make sure they are allowed to travel their full
deflection.
• Make sure that all servos move freely through their rotations
and that no linkages hang-up or bind. A binding control linkage can cause a servo to draw excessive current. A stalled
servo can drain a battery pack in a matter of minutes.
• Correct any control surface “buzz” or “flutter” as soon as it is
noticed in flight, as this condition can destroy the model. It is
extremely dangerous to ignore such “buzz” or “flutter.”
Note: Coreless servos (all servos in the thousand series from
JR, e.g., 8231, 4721, 4131, etc., are coreless) make a slight
buzzing noise even at the center position. This is normal and is
caused by the motor constantly locking on its center position.
• Use the supplied rubber grommets and brass servo eyelets
when mounting your servos. Do not overtighten the servo
mounting screws as this negates the dampening effect of the
rubber grommets.
• Be sure that the servo arm is securely fastened to the servo.
• Check all related mounting screws and linkages frequently.
Vibrations may loosen the linkages and/or screws.
10X MANUAL Airplane
11
General Notes
Radio controlled models are a great source of pleasure.
Unfortunately, they can also pose a potential hazard if not maintained and operated properly. It is imperative that you install your
radio control system correctly. Additionally, your level of piloting
competency must be high enough to ensure that you are able to
control your aircraft under all conditions. If you are a newcomer
to radio control flying, please seek help from an experienced pilot
or your local hobby shop.
Listed below are some safety precautions that must be followed
by all pilots:
• Make sure that your batteries have been properly charged prior
to initial flight and check the state of charge of your batteries
between flights.
• Perform a range check prior to the initial flight of the day. See
Section 13, Daily Flight Checks, for information on how to do
so.
• Check all control surfaces prior to each takeoff.
• Do not fly your model near spectators, parking areas, or at any
other place that could result in injury to people or damage to
property.
• Do not fly during adverse weather conditions. Poor visibility
can cause disorientation and loss of control of your aircraft.
Strong winds can cause similar problems.
• Do not fly unless your frequency is clear. Warning: Only one
transmitter at a time can operate on a given frequency. If you
should turn on your transmitter while someone else is operating a model on your frequency, both pilots will lose control of
their models. Only one person can use a given frequency at a
time. It does not matter if it is AM, FM or PCM—only one
frequency at a time.
• Do not take chances. If at any time during flight you observe
any erratic or abnormal operation, land immediately and do
not resume flight until the cause of the problem has been
ascertained and corrected.
69
12
Federal Aviation Administration
1. Purpose: This advisory outlines safety standards for operations of model aircraft. We encourage voluntary compliance
with these standards.
2. Background: Attention has been drawn to the increase in
model aircraft operation. There is a need for added caution
when operating radio controlled models in order to avoid creating a noise nuisance or a potential hazard to full-scale aircraft and persons and/or property on the surface.
3. Operating Standards: Modelers generally are concerned with
safety and exercise good judgment when flying model aircraft. However, in the interest of safer skies, we encourage
operators of radio controlled models to comply with the following standards:
a. Exercise vigilance in locating full-scale aircraft (get
help if possible) so as not to create a collision hazard.
b. Select an operating site at sufficient distance from
populated areas so you do not create a noise problem or
a potential hazard.
c. Do not fly higher than 400 feet above the surface.
d. Always operate more than three miles from the boundary of an airport unless you are given permission to be
closer by the appropriate air traffic control facility in
the case of an airport for which a control zone has been
designated or by the airport manager in the case of
other airports.
e. Do not hesitate to ask for assistance in complying with
these guidelines at the airport traffic control tower or
air route traffic control center nearest the site of your
proposed operation.
Director, Air Traffic Service Federal Aviation Administration,
Washington, D.C.
70
13
Daily Flight Checks
1. Check all hardware (linkages, screws, nuts, bolts) prior to
each day’s flight. Be sure that binding does not occur and that
everything is properly secured.
2. Be sure that all surfaces are moving in the proper manner.
3. Perform a range check before each day’s flying session. The
range check should be as follows:
• Do not install the antenna on your PCM10X transmitter
during the range test. Turn the transmitter “on.”
• Turn the model “on.”
• Slowly walk away from the model while moving the
control surfaces. The aircraft should function properly at
a distance of 60 paces.
4. Check to be sure that all servo plugs and switch harness plugs
are secured in the receiver. Also, make certain that the switch
moves completely in both directions.
10X MANUAL Airplane
14
Frequency Chart
72 MHz requires no special license to operate.
50/53 MHz requires the operator to have an FCC amateur
radio license (Ham).
72MHz
Ch.No.
Frequency
Ch.No.
50 MHz
Frequency
Ch. No.
Frequency
15
72.090
39
72.570
16
72.110
40
72.590
00
50.800
17
72.130
41
72.610
01
50.820
18
72.150
42
72.630
02
50.840
19
72.170
43
72.650
03
50.860
20
72.190
44
72.670
04
50.880
21
72.210
45
72.690
05
50.900
22
72.230
46
72.710
06
50.920
23
72.250
47
72.730
07
50.940
24
72.270
48
72.750
08
50.960
25
72.290
49
72.770
09
50.980
26
72.310
50
72.790
27
72.330
51
72.810
28
72.350
52
72.830
29
72.370
53
72.850
30
72.390
54
72.870
31
72.410
55
72.890
32
72.430
56
72.910
33
72.450
57
72.930
34
72.470
58
72.950
35
72.490
59
72.970
38
72.550
60
72.990
Ch. No.
Frequency
Flag Color
A1
53.100
Black/Brown
A6
53.600
Black/Blue
A2
53.200
Black/Red
A7
53.700
Black/Purple
A3
53.300
Black/Orange
A8
53.800
Black/Gray
A4
53.400
Black/Yellow
A5
53.500
Black/Green
53 MHz
Ch. No. Frequency
Flag Color
Note: Channels 11–14 are not available from JR.
10X MANUAL Airplane
71
15
Warranty Information
Important Note: Be sure to keep your original, dated sales receipt
in a safe place as you will be required to provide proof-of-purchase date for the equipment to be serviced under warranty.
Warranty Coverage
Your new JR Remote Control Radio System is warranted to the
original purchaser against manufacturer defects in material and
workmanship for 365 days from the date of purchase. During this
period, HORIZON SERVICE CENTER will repair or replace, at our
discretion, any component that is found to be factory defective, at
no cost to the purchaser. This warranty is limited to the original
purchaser of the unit and is not transferable.
This warranty does not apply to any unit which has been improperly installed, mishandled, abused, or damaged in a crash, or to
any unit which has been repaired or altered by any unauthorized
agencies. Under no circumstances will the buyer be entitled to
consequential or incidental damages. This limited warranty gives
you specific legal rights; you also have other rights which may
vary from state to state. As with all fine electronic equipment, do
not subject your radio system to extreme temperatures, humidity
or moisture. Do not leave it in direct sunlight for long periods of
time.
Repair Service Directions
In the event that your JR radio needs service, please follow the
instructions listed below:
1. Check all on/off switches to be sure they are off. This will
speed the repair process of checking battery condition.
2. Return your system components only (transmitter, receiver,
servos, etc.) Do not return your system installed in a model
aircraft.
72
3. Preferably, use the original carton/packaging (molded foam
container), or equivalent, to ship your system. Do not use the
system carton itself as a shipping carton. You should package the
system carton within a sturdy shipping container using additional
packing material to safeguard against damage during transit.
Include complete name and address information inside the carton,
as well as clearly writing it on the outer label/return address area.
4. Include detailed information explaining your operation of the
system and problem(s) encountered. Provide an itemized list of
equipment enclosed and identify any particular area/function
which may better assist our technicians in addressing your concerns. Date your correspondence, and be sure your complete
name and address appear on this enclosure.
5. Include your name, mailing address, and a phone number
where you can be reached during the business day.
6. Warranty Repairs. To receive warranty service, you must
include your original, dated sales receipt to verify your proof-ofpurchase date. Providing that warranty conditions have been met,
your radio will be repaired without charge.
7. Normal Non-Warranty Repairs. Should your repair cost exceed
50% of the retail purchase cost, you will be provided with an estimate advising you of your options.
Within your letter, advise us of the credit card you prefer to use.
HORIZON SERVICE CENTER accepts VISA or MasterCard. Please
include your card number and expiration date. The HORIZON
SERVICE CENTER also accepts money orders.
Mail your system to:
Horizon Service Center
4105 Fieldstone Road
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone: (217) 355-9511
www.horizonhobby.com
10X MANUAL Airplane
16
MODEL NO. (84)
Data Sheets 10X
MODEL NAME (81)
MODULATION (85)
SPCM • ZPCM • PPM
AIRPLANE
REVERSE SW (11)
THRO
AILE
ELEV
RUDD
GEAR
FLAP
AUX2
AUX3
AUX4
AUX5
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
R• N
TRAVEL ADJUST H
(12)
L
% L
% D
% L
% +
% +
% +
% +
% +
% +
%
% R
% U
% R
% -
% -
% -
% -
% -
%
-
%
• N•
• N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
•
N•
• N•
• N•
•
N•
•
N*
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
SUB-TRIM (15)
FM-0 N•
SERVO
SPEED
24
FM-1 N•
•
N•
FM-3 N•
• N•
• N•
•
FM-4 N•
• N•
•
FM-2 N•
FM
POS
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
• N•
• N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
• N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
N•
•
D/R
EXP
L/D
R/U
L/D
R/D
AILE
%
%
%
%
0
ELEV
%
%
%
%
RUDD
%
%
%
%
AILE
%
%
%
%
D/R
1
ELEV
%
%
%
%
& EXP
RUDD
%
%
%
%
(13)
AILE
%
%
%
%
2
ELEV
%
%
%
%
RUDD
%
%
%
%
AILE
%
%
%
%
3
ELEV
%
%
%
%
RUDD
%
%
%
%
AILE
%
%
%
%
4
ELEV
%
%
%
%
RUDD
%
%
%
%
TYPE: NORMAL• VTR 50% • VTR 60%• VTR 70% • VTR80% •VTR90% • EXP/LIN • LIN/EXP
Flight
Mode
Function
Select
(17)
2
SW
Wing
Type
(22)
Manual
or
FM
Only
EXTRA
FM
(D/R) SW
EXTRA
GEAR Switch
FLAP Lever
AUX2 Switch
AUX3 Lever
AUX4 Knob
AUX4 Knob
POS
1
THRO
CURVE
(18)
TYPE
Wing
DIFF.
Tail
10X MANUAL Airplane
SW
Rate
INH • AILE
• ELEV • RUDD
INH • ACT
Channel
Trim
INH • ACT
---------INH • ACT Flap
INH • ACT
INH • ACT
---------INH • ACT Elev. Roll
INH • ACT
INH • ACT
INH • ACT
EXP
L
1
2
3
4
OFF
IN
0
• ON
OUT
OFF
IN
0
• ON
OUT
FMO/E-F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AUX • GER • SNP • STK (
NORMAL • FLAPRON • ELEVON • QUAD FLAP
FMO/EF • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU • GR • SNP • STICK (
pos0
%
pos1
%
Normal • V-TAIL • DUAL ELEV
5
6
H
100
100
)
)
73
Trace Rate
(14)
L
% D
% L
%
R
% U
% R
%
%
%
%
Trim Rate (83)
DIR
INH
ACT
0
SW
Snap
Roll
(31)
1
FM
R–U
%
%
%
R–D
%
%
%
L–U
%
%
%
L–D
%
%
%
R–U
%
%
%
R–D
%
%
%
L–U
%
%
%
L–D
%
%
%
FM-0
R–U/0 • R–U/1 • R–D/0 • R–D/1 • L–U/0 • L–U/1 • L–D/1
FM-1
R–U/0 • R–U/1 • R–D/0 • R–D/1 • L–U/0 • L–U/1 • L–D/1
FM-2
R–U/0 • R–U/1 • R–D/0 • R–D/1 • L–U/0 • L–U/1 • L–D/1
FM-3
R–U/0 • R–U/1 • R–D/0 • R–D/1 • L–U/0 • L–U/1 • L–D/1
FM-4
R–U/0 • R–U/1 • R–D/0 • R–D/1 • L–U/0 • L–U/1 • L–D/1
FLAP
Flap System
(66)
Pos MID
LND
FM-0
SW FM-1
FM-2
FM-3
FM-4
ELEV –> FLAP MIX (63)
FLAP • 0 • MID • LND
DN
%
0
GYRO
SENS
Adj.
(44)
74
ELEV
Center
Stick Priority
End
FM FM-0
•
FM-1
AUX2 FM-2
•
FM-3
INH FM-4
AUX2
1
%
INH • AIL
%
0
•
0
•
0
•
0
•
0
•
UP
%
2
%
%
• ELE • RUD
%
%
1
•
2
1
•
2
1
•
2
1
•
2
1
•
2
0
%
INH • AIL
%
0
•
0
•
0
•
0
•
0
•
AUX3
1
•
1
1
1
1
1
2
%
%
ELE • RUD
%
%
•
2
•
2
•
2
•
2
•
2
AILE –> RUDD
MIX (62)
SW FMO/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU • AXD • GR • STK ( )
Gain pos0 L
% R
%
DIFF
INH • ACT
pos1 L
% R
%
RUDD –> AILE/
ELEV (64)
SW FMO/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU • AXD • GR • STK ( )
AILE pos0 L
% R
%
DIFF
INH • ACT
pos1 L
% R
%
ELEV pos0 L
% R
%
pos1 L
% R
%
10X MANUAL Airplane
CHANNEL
MST SLV
1
INH
ACT
–>
INH
ACT
3
INH
ACT
–>
–>
INH
ACT
–>
5
–>
–
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
SW
INH
ACT
+
OFF
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
SW
INH
ACT
GAIN
POS
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• AXD
• GR• GER
• STK ( )
SW
4
OFF
SET
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
SW
Program
MIX
(51)
~
(58)
DIFF
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
SW
2
TRIM
–>
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
exp
POS
0
6
OFF
ACT
L
In
1
2
3
4
5
6
H
0
100
0
100
Out
1
In
Out
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
SW
INH
ACT
–>
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
exp
0
7
OFF
ACT
L
POS
In
1
2
3
4
5
6
H
0
100
0
100
Out
1
In
Out
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
SW
INH
ACT
–>
OFF
INH
0
%
%
ON
ACT
1
%
%
exp
0
8
OFF
ACT
L
POS
In
1
2
3
4
5
6
H
0
100
0
100
Out
1
In
Out
FM0/E–F • FM1/MID • FM2/LND • FM3/MIX • FM4/AXU
AXU • AXD
• SNP
• GER
• AXD
• GR
• STK ( )
SW
FailSafe
(77)
Z
S
Pilot Link (78)
HOLD
•
1.0s
•
0.5s
10X MANUAL Airplane
0.25s
THRO
AILE
ELEV
RUDD
GEAR
FLAP
AUX2
AUX3
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
HLD • FS
INH
THRO
TRIM RATE (83)
•
•
MST
AILE
•
SLV
ELEV
RUDD
%
75
©1999 Horizon Hobby Distributors, Inc
Distributed Exclusively by Horizon Hobby Distributors, Champaign, IL 61822
www.horizonhobby.com
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