CIRRUS DESIGN SR20 - Proteus Air Services

PILOT’S OPERATING HANDBOOK
AND FAA APPROVED
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
for the
CIRRUS DESIGN SR20
Aircraft Serials 1268 and Subsequent with
Analog or Avidyne Avionics System
FAA Approved in Normal Category based on FAR 23. This document must be carried in
the airplane at all times and be kept within the reach of the pilot during all flight
operations.
THIS HANDBOOK INCLUDES THE MATERIAL REQUIRED TO BE FURNISHED TO
THE PILOT BY FAR PART 23 AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION PROVIDED BY
CIRRUS DESIGN AND CONSTITUTES THE FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT
MANUAL.
Model - Serial Num. SR20-_____________ Registration Num.___________________
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A: 10-10-03
Copyright © 2003 - All Rights Reserved
Cirrus Design Corporation
4515 Taylor Circle
Duluth, MN 55811
Cirrus Design
SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
List of Effective Pages
List of Effective Pages
Use this page to determine the current effective date for each page in the POH. Supplements are
issued individually and are controlled by the Log of Supplements Page in Section 9.
Dates of original issue and revised pages are:
Reissue................... A................. 10 Oct 2003
Revision .................. A1............... 06 Feb 2004
Revision .................. A2............... 03 Jul 2004
Revision .................. A3............... 30 Jan 2005
Revision .................. A4............... 18 Jul 2005
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P/N 11934-003
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SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
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P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
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P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
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SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
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P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Foreword
Foreword
This Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH or Handbook) has been
prepared by Cirrus Design Corporation to familiarize operators with
the Cirrus Design SR20 airplane. Read this Handbook carefully. It
provides operational procedures that will assure the operator obtains
the performance published in the manual, data designed to allow the
most efficient use of the airplane, and basic information for
maintaining the airplane in a “like new” condition.
• Note •
All limitations, procedures, maintenance & servicing
requirements, and performance data contained in this
Handbook are mandatory for compliance with FAA operating
rules and for continued airworthiness of the airplane.
This Handbook includes the material required to be furnished to the
pilot by the Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) and additional
information provided by Cirrus Design Corporation and constitutes the
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual for the Cirrus Design SR20.
Optional SR20 VFR Configuration (SRV)
An optional VFR only package is available on airplane serial numbers
1337 and subsequent. Data presented within this handbook pertinent
only to the SRV model airplane is prefaced with the effectivity
highlight, “Serials 1337 and subsequent with standard SRV
Configuration”.
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
i
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Foreword
Cirrus Design
SR20
The Handbook
This Pilot’s Operating Handbook has been prepared using GAMA
Specification #1 for Pilot’s Operating Handbook, Revision 2, dated 18
October 1996 as the content model and format guide. However, some
deviations from this specification were made for clarity. The Handbook
is presented in loose-leaf form for ease in inserting revisions and is
sized for convenient storage. Tabbed dividers throughout the
Handbook allow quick reference to each section. Logical and
convenient Tables of Contents are located at the beginning of each
section to aid in locating specific data within that section. The
Handbook is divided into ten sections as follows:
Section 1................................................................................... General
Section 2...............................................................................Limitations
Section 3.......................................................... Emergency Procedures
Section 3A .......................................................... Abnormal Procedures
Section 4.................................................................Normal Procedures
Section 5................................................................... Performance Data
Section 6...........................................Weight & Balance/Equipment List
Section 7............................................. Airplane & Systems Description
Section 8........................................Handling, Servicing & Maintenance
Section 9........................................................................... Supplements
Section 10.................................................................Safety Information
The data presented in this Handbook is the result of extensive flight
tests and is approved by the Federal Aviation Administration. However,
as new procedures or performance data are developed, they will be
sent to the owner of record for each airplane.
• Note •
It is the responsibility of the owner to ensure that the Pilot’s
Operating Handbook is current at all times. Therefore, it is
very important that all revisions be properly incorporated into
this Handbook as soon as they are received.
ii
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Foreword
Revising the Handbook
Two types of revisions may be issued for this Handbook: Numbered
and Temporary.
Temporary revisions are printed on yellow paper, normally cover only
one topic or procedure, and are issued to provide safety related
information or other time sensitive information where the rigor of
providing a numbered revision is not possible in the time allowed. All
the information needed to properly file a temporary revision is included
on the revision itself. Typically, a temporary revision is superseded and
replaced by the next numbered revision. A “Log of Temporary
Revisions” following the “List of Effective Pages” is provided to log
temporary revisions when they are issued. Typically, the “Log of
Temporary Revisions” is replaced at the next numbered revision.
Numbered revisions are printed on white paper, normally cover
several subjects, and are issued as general updates to the Handbook.
Each numbered revision includes an “Instruction Sheet,” a “List of
Effective Pages”, and a “Revision Highlights” page. The “Instruction
Sheet” is intended to assist the manual holder in removing superseded
pages and inserting new or superseding pages. The “List of Effective
Pages” shows the issue or revision status of all pages in the
Handbook. The “Revision Highlights” page gives a brief description of
changes made to each page in the current revision.
Identifying Revised Material
Each page in the Handbook has revision identification at the lower
inside corner opposite the page number. Original issue pages will be
identified by the words “Original Issue” at this location. In the event
that the majority of pages in the Handbook are revised, Cirrus may
determine that it is more effective to reissue the Handbook. Reissued
pages will be identified by the word “Reissue” followed by a letter
indicating the reissue level; for example, “Reissue A” Revised pages
will be identified by the word “Revision” followed by the revision
number at this location; for example, “Revision 2” (Original Issue,
Revision 2) or “Revision B1” (Reissue B, Revision 1).
Revised material on a page can be identified by a change bar located
at the outside page margin. See the outside margin of this page
adjacent to this paragraph for an example. Revision bars are not used
at reissues of the Handbook.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A1
iii
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Foreword
Cirrus Design
SR20
Revision Service
Revision service for this Handbook is provided at no cost for the Pilot’s
Operating Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
assigned to an airplane. Additional copies of the Handbook and
revision service can be obtained from Customer Service at Cirrus
Design at the address below.
• Note •
If at any time it is found that the Handbook is not current,
temporary revisions are missing, or applicable supplements
are not included, contact Customer Service at Cirrus Design
immediately.
Customer Service
Cirrus Design Corporation
4515 Taylor Circle
Duluth, MN 55811
Phone: (218) 727-2737
Fax: (218) 727-2148
Supplements
The Supplements section (Section 9) of this Handbook contains FAA
Approved Supplements necessary to safely and efficiently operate the
SR20 when equipped with optional equipment not provided with the
standard airplane or not included in the Handbook. Supplements are
essentially “mini-handbooks” and may contain data corresponding to
most sections of the Handbook. Data in a supplement either adds to,
supersedes, or replaces similar data in the basic Handbook.
Section 9 includes a “Log of Supplements” page preceding all Cirrus
Design Supplements produced for this airplane. The “Log of
Supplements” page can be utilized as a “Table of Contents” for Section
9. If the airplane is modified at a non Cirrus Design facility through an
STC or other approval method, it is the owner’s responsibility to
ensure that the proper supplement, if applicable, is installed in the
Handbook and that the supplement is properly recorded on the “Log of
Supplements” page.
iv
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Foreword
Retention of Data
In the event a new title page is issued, the weight and balance data
changes, equipment list changes, or the “Log of Supplements” is
replaced, the owner must ensure that all information applicable to the
airplane is transferred to the new pages and the aircraft records are
current. It is not a requirement that owners retain information, such as
supplements, that is not applicable to their airplane.
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes are used throughout this Handbook to
focus attention on special conditions or procedures as follows:
• WARNING •
Warnings are used to call attention to operating procedures
which, if not strictly observed, may result in personal injury or
loss of life.
• Caution •
Cautions are used to call attention to operating procedures
which, if not strictly observed, may result in damage to
equipment.
• Note •
Notes are used to highlight specific operating conditions or
steps of a procedure.
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
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Foreword
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
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P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1
General
Section 1
General
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 1-3
The Airplane.................................................................................... 1-6
Engine.......................................................................................... 1-6
Propeller ...................................................................................... 1-6
Fuel.............................................................................................. 1-7
Oil ............................................................................................... 1-7
Maximum Certificated Weights .................................................... 1-7
Cabin and Entry Dimensions ....................................................... 1-7
Baggage Spaces and Entry Dimensions ..................................... 1-7
Specific Loadings......................................................................... 1-7
Symbols, Abbreviations and Terminology....................................... 1-8
General Airspeed Terminology and Symbols .............................. 1-8
Meteorological Terminology......................................................... 1-9
Engine Power Terminology........................................................ 1-10
Performance and Flight Planning Terminology.......................... 1-10
Weight and Balance Terminology.............................................. 1-11
P/N 11934-003
Revision A3
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General
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
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P/N 11934-003
Revision A3
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1
General
Introduction
This section contains information of general interest to pilots and
owners. You will find the information useful in acquainting yourself with
the airplane, as well as in loading, fueling, sheltering, and handling the
airplane during ground operations. Additionally, this section contains
definitions or explanations of symbols, abbreviations, and terminology
used throughout this handbook.
• Note •
For specific information regarding the organization of this
Handbook, revisions, supplements, and procedures to be
used to obtain revision service for this handbook, refer to the
“Foreword” immediately following the title page
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
1-3
Section 1
General
Cirrus Design
SR20
26.0'
9.2'
7"
NOTE:
• Wing s pan includes
position and strobe lights.
• Prop ground clearance at
3000 lb - 7" (2 blade),
8" (3 blade).
• Wing Area = 135.2 sq. ft.
35.5'
76" 2-BLADE
74" 3-BLADE
11.0'
SR20_FM01_1004A
1-4
Figure 1-1
Airplane Three View
P/N 11934-003
Revision A3
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1
General
GROUND TURNING CLEARANCE
-RADIUS FOR WING TIP
-RADIUS FOR NOSE GEAR
23' 11"
9' 11"
6"
-RADIUS FOR INSIDE GEAR
-RADIUS FOR OUTSIDE GEAR
12'
2"
TURNING RADII ARE CALCULATED USING ONE BRAKE AND
PARTIAL POWER. ACTUAL TURNING RADIUS MAY VARY AS
MUCH AS THREE FEET.
SR20_FM01_1002
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Figure 1-2
Turning Radius
1-5
Section 1
General
Cirrus Design
SR20
The Airplane
Engine
Number of Engines.............................................................................. 1
Number of Cylinders............................................................................ 6
Engine Manufacturer ........................................... Teledyne Continental
Engine Model........................................................................ IO-360-ES
Fuel Metering.................................................................... Fuel Injected
Engine Cooling ..................................................................... Air Cooled
Engine Type....................................Horizontally Opposed, Direct Drive
Horsepower Rating................................................ 200 hp @ 2700 rpm
Propeller
Hartzell
Propeller Type.............................................................. Constant Speed
Two-Blade Propeller:
Model Number ...................................................BHC-J2YF-1BF/F7694
Diameter .............................................................76.0” (73.0” Minimum)
Three-Blade Propeller:
Model Number ............................................... PHC-J3YF-1MF/F7392-1
Diameter .............................................................74.0” (72.0” Minimum)
Model Number ............................................... PHC-J3YF-1RF/F7392-1
Diameter .............................................................74.0” (72.0” Minimum)
1-6
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1
General
Fuel
Total Capacity.............................................60.5 U.S. Gallons (229.0 L)
Total Usable...................................................56 U.S. Gallons (212.0 L)
Approved Fuel Grades:
100 LL Grade Aviation Fuel (Blue)
100 (Formerly 100/130) Grade Aviation Fuel (Green)
Oil
Oil Capacity (Sump) ............................................. 8 U.S. Quarts (7.6 L)
Oil Grades:
All Temperatures ............................................SAE 15W-50 or 20W-50
Below 40 ° F (4° C) ................................................. SAE 30 or 10W-30
Above 40 ° F (4° C) ................................................................... SAE 50
Maximum Certificated Weights
Maximum Gross for Takeoff...................................... 3000 lb (1361 Kg)
Maximum Landing Weight ........................................ 2900 lb (1315 Kg)
Maximum Baggage Compartment Loading.................... 130 lb (59 Kg)
Standard Empty Weight ............................................. 2050 lb (930 Kg)
Maximum Useful Load.................................................. 950 lb (431 Kg)
Full Fuel Payload.......................................................... 622 lb (282 Kg)
Cabin and Entry Dimensions
Dimensions of the cabin interior and entry door openings are
illustrated in detail in Section 6.
Baggage Spaces and Entry Dimensions
Dimensions of the baggage area and baggage door opening are
illustrated in detail in Section 6.
Specific Loadings
Wing Loading .................................................... 22.2 lb per square foot
Power Loading................................................................. 15.0 lb per hp
P/N 11934-003
Revision A1
1-7
Section 1
General
Cirrus Design
SR20
Symbols, Abbreviations and Terminology
General Airspeed Terminology and Symbols
KCAS Knots Calibrated Airspeed is the indicated airspeed
corrected for position and instrument error. Calibrated
airspeed is equal to true airspeed in standard atmosphere at
sea level.
KIAS
Knots Indicated Airspeed is the speed shown on the
airspeed indicator. The IAS values published in this
handbook assume no instrument error.
KTAS
Knots True Airspeed is the airspeed expressed in knots
relative to undisturbed air which is KCAS corrected for
altitude and temperature.
VG
Best Glide Speed is the speed at which the greatest flight
distance is attained per unit of altitude lost with power off.
VO
Operating Maneuvering Speed is the maximum speed at
which application of full control movement will not overstress
the airplane.
VFE
Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the highest speed
permissible with wing flaps in a prescribed extended position.
VNO
Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is the speed that
should not be exceeded except in smooth air, and then only
with caution.
VNE
Never Exceed Speed is the speed that may not be exceeded
at any time.
VPD
Maximum Demonstrated Parachute Deployment Speed is
the maximum speed at which parachute deployment has
been demonstrated.
VS
Stalling Speed is minimum steady flight speed at which the
aircraft is controllable.
VS 50% Stalling Speed is minimum steady flight speed at which the
aircraft is controllable with 50% flaps.
1-8
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1
General
VSO
Stalling Speed is the minimum steady flight speed at which
the aircraft is controllable in the landing configuration (100%
flaps) at the most unfavorable weight and balance.
VX
Best Angle of Climb Speed is the speed at which the
airplane will obtain the highest altitude in a given horizontal
distance. The best angle-of-climb speed normally increases
slightly with altitude.
VY
Best Rate of Climb Speed is the speed at which the
airplane will obtain the maximum increase in altitude per unit
of time. The best rate-of-climb speed decreases slightly with
altitude.
Meteorological Terminology
IMC
Instrument Meteorological Conditions are meteorological
conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from
cloud, and ceiling less than the minima for visual flight
defined in FAR 91.155.
ISA
International Standard Atmosphere (standard day) is an
atmosphere where (1) the air is a dry perfect gas, (2) the
temperature at sea level is 15° C, (3) the pressure at sea
level is 29.92 in.Hg (1013.2 millibars), and (4) the
temperature gradient from sea level to the altitude at which
the temperature is -56.5° C is -0.00198° C per foot and zero
above that altitude.
MSL
Mean Sea Level is the average height of the surface of the
sea for all stages of tide. In this Handbook, altitude given as
MSL is the altitude above the mean sea level. It is the
altitude read from the altimeter when the altimeter’s
barometric adjustment has been set to the altimeter setting
obtained from ground meteorological sources.
OAT
Outside Air Temperature is the free air static temperature
obtained from inflight temperature indications or from ground
meteorological sources. It is expressed in either degrees
Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
1-9
Section 1
General
Cirrus Design
SR20
•
Pressure Altitude is the altitude read from the altimeter
when the altimeter’s barometric adjustment has been set to
29.92 in.Hg (1013 mb) corrected for position and instrument
error. In this Handbook, altimeter instrument errors are
assumed to be zero.
•
Standard Temperature is the temperature that would be
found at a given pressure altitude in the standard
atmosphere. It is 15° C (59° F) at sea level pressure altitude
and decreases approximately 2° C (3.6° F) for each 1000
feet of altitude increase. See ISA definition.
Engine Power Terminology
HP
Horsepower is the power developed by the engine.
MCP
Maximum Continuous Power is the maximum power that
can be used continuously.
MAP
Manifold Pressure is the pressure measured in the
engine’s induction system expressed as in. Hg.
RPM
Revolutions Per Minute is engine rotational speed.
•
Static RPM is RPM attained during a full-throttle engine
runup when the airplane is on the ground and stationary.
Performance and Flight Planning Terminology
g
One “g” is a quantity of acceleration equal to that of earth’s
gravity.
•
Demonstrated Crosswind Velocity is the velocity of the
crosswind component for which adequate control of the
airplane during taxi, takeoff, and landing was actually
demonstrated during certification testing. Demonstrated
crosswind is not considered to be limiting.
•
Service Ceiling is the maximum altitude at which the
aircraft at maximum weight has the capability of climbing at
a rate of 100 feet per minute.
GPH
Gallons Per Hour is the amount of fuel (in gallons)
consumed by the aircraft per hour.
1-10
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1
General
NMPG
Nautical Miles Per Gallon is the distance (in nautical miles)
which can be expected per gallon of fuel consumed at a
specific engine power setting and/or flight configuration.
•
Unusable Fuel is the quantity of fuel that cannot be safely
used in flight.
•
Usable Fuel is the fuel available for flight planning.
Weight and Balance Terminology
c.g.
Center of Gravity is the point at which an airplane would
balance if suspended. Its distance from the reference datum
is found by dividing the total moment by the total weight of
the airplane.
•
Arm is the horizontal distance from the reference datum to
the center of gravity (c.g.) of an item. The airplane’s arm is
obtained by adding the airplane’s individual moments and
dividing the sum by the total weight.
•
Basic Empty Weight is the actual weight of the airplane
including all operating equipment that has a fixed location in
the airplane. The basic empty weight includes the weight of
unusable fuel and full oil.
MAC
Mean Aerodynamic Chord is the chord drawn through the
centroid of the wing plan area.
LEMAC
Leading Edge of Mean Aerodynamic Chord is the forward
edge of MAC given in inches aft of the reference datum
(fuselage station).
•
Maximum Gross Weight is the maximum permissible
weight of the airplane and its contents as listed in the aircraft
specifications.
•
Moment is the product of the weight of an item multiplied by
its arm.
•
Useful Load is the basic empty weight subtracted from the
maximum weight of the aircraft. It is the maximum allowable
combined weight of pilot, passengers, fuel and baggage.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
1-11
Section 1
General
Cirrus Design
SR20
•
Station is a location along the airplane fuselage measured
in inches from the reference datum and expressed as a
number. For example: A point 123 inches aft of the reference
datum is Fuselage Station 123.0 (FS 123).
•
Reference Datum is an imaginary vertical plane from which
all horizontal distances are measured for balance purposes.
•
Tare is the weight of all items used to hold or position the
airplane on the scales for weighing. Tare includes blocks,
shims, and chocks. Tare weight must be subtracted from the
associated scale reading.
1-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Section 2
Limitations
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 2-3
Certification Status .......................................................................... 2-3
Airspeed Limitations........................................................................ 2-4
Airspeed Indicator Markings ........................................................... 2-5
Power Plant Limitations .................................................................. 2-6
Engine.......................................................................................... 2-6
Propeller ...................................................................................... 2-7
Weight Limits .................................................................................. 2-7
Instrument Markings ....................................................................... 2-8
Center of Gravity Limits .................................................................. 2-9
Maneuver Limits............................................................................ 2-10
Flight Load Factor Limits............................................................... 2-10
Minimum Flight Crew .................................................................... 2-10
Kinds of Operation ........................................................................ 2-11
Kinds of Operation Equipment List ............................................ 2-11
Icing ........................................................................................... 2-15
Runway Surface ........................................................................ 2-15
Instrument Procedures .............................................................. 2-16
Taxi Power ................................................................................. 2-16
Fuel Limits..................................................................................... 2-16
Altitude Limits................................................................................ 2-16
Environmental Conditions ............................................................. 2-16
Maximum Occupancy ................................................................... 2-16
Systems and Equipment Limits..................................................... 2-17
Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) ............................... 2-17
Primary Flight Display ................................................................ 2-17
Multi-Function Display ............................................................... 2-19
Oxygen System ......................................................................... 2-20
Inflatable Restraint System........................................................ 2-20
Flap Limitations.......................................................................... 2-20
Paint........................................................................................... 2-20
Other Limitations ........................................................................... 2-20
Smoking..................................................................................... 2-20
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
2-1
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Placards ........................................................................................2-21
2-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Introduction
• Note •
Limitations associated with optional equipment are not
described in this section. For optional equipment limitations,
refer to Section 9, Supplements
The limitations included in this Section of the Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH) are approved by the Federal Aviation Administration.
This section provides operating limitations, instrument markings and
basic placards required by regulation and necessary for the safe
operation of the SR20 and its standard systems and equipment. Refer
to Section 9 of this handbook for amended operating limitations for
airplanes equipped with optional equipment. Compliance with the
operating limitations in this section and in Section 9 is required by
Federal Aviation Regulations.
Certification Status
The Cirrus SR20 is certificated under the requirements of Federal
Aviation Regulations (FAR) Part 23 as documented by FAA Type
Certificate TC A00009CH.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
2-3
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airspeed Limitations
The indicated airspeeds in the following table are based upon Section
5 Airspeed Calibrations using the normal static source. When using
the alternate static source, allow for the airspeed calibration variations
between the normal and alternate static sources.
Speed
KIAS
KCAS
VNE
200
200
Never Exceed Speed is the speed limit
that may not be exceeded at any time.
VNO
165
165
Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is
the speed that should not be exceeded
except in smooth air, and then only with
caution.
VO
3000 Lb
2600 Lb
2300 Lb
131
122
114
131
123
115
VFE
50% Flaps
100% Flaps
120
100
120
101
VPD
135
135
2-4
Remarks
Operating Maneuvering Speed is the
maximum speed at which full control
travel may be used. Below this speed the
airplane stalls before limit loads are
reached. Above this speed, full control
movements can damage the airplane.
Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the
highest speed permissible with wing
flaps extended.
Maximum Demonstrated Parachute
Deployment Speed is the maximum
speed at which parachute deployment
has been demonstrated.
Figure 2-1
Airspeed Limits
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Airspeed Indicator Markings
The airspeed indicator markings are based upon Section 5 Airspeed
Calibrations using the normal static source. When using the alternate
static source, allow for the airspeed calibration variations between the
normal and alternate static sources.
Value
(KIAS)
Marking
Remarks
White
Arc
56 - 100
Full Flap Operating Range. Lower limit is the most
adverse stall speed in the landing configuration.
Upper limit is the maximum speed permissible with
flaps extended.
Green
Arc
65 - 165
Normal Operating Range. Lower limit is the
maximum weight stall at most forward C.G. with
flaps retracted. Upper limit is the maximum structural
cruising speed.
Yellow
Arc
165 - 200
Caution Range. Operations must be conducted with
caution and only in smooth air.
Red Line
200
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Never exceed speed. Maximum speed for all
operations.
Figure 2-2
Airspeed Indicator Markings
2-5
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Power Plant Limitations
Engine
Teledyne Continental ............................................................ IO-360-ES
Power Rating ........................................................ 200 hp @ 2700 rpm
Maximum RPM .......................................................................2700 rpm
Oil:
Oil Temperature.................................... 240° F (115° C) maximum
Oil Pressure:
Minimum................................................................................ 10 psi
Maximum............................................................................. 100 psi
Approved Oils:
Engine Break-In: For first 25 hours of operation or until oil
consumption stabilizes use straight mineral oil conforming to MILL-6082. If engine oil must be added to the factory installed oil, add
only MIL-L-6082 straight mineral oil.
After Engine Break-In: Use only oils conforming to Teledyne
Continental Specification MHS-24 (Ashless Dispersant Lubrication
Oil) or MHS-25 (Synthetic Lubrication Oil). Refer to Section 8 - Oil
Servicing. Oil viscosity range as follows:
All Temperatures ..............................................15W-50 or 20W-50
Above 40 ° F (4° C) ............................................ SAE 50 or 20W50
Below 40 ° F (4° C) ............... SAE 30, 10W-30, 15W50, or 20W50
Fuel Grade ................ Aviation Grade 100 LL (Blue) or 100 (green)
• Note •
Refer to General Limitations – Fuel Limits in this section for
operational limitations regarding fuel and fuel storage.
2-6
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Propeller
• Note •
Two-blade propellers are not EASA approved for use on this
airplane. Airplanes registered in the European Union should
ignore all references to the two-blade propeller in this POH.
Hartzell
Propeller Type ............................................................. Constant Speed
Two-Blade Propeller:
Model Number................................................... BHC-J2YF-1BF/F7694
Diameter.............................................................76.0” (73.0” Minimum)
Three-Blade Propeller:
Model Number............................................... PHC-J3YF-1MF/F7392-1
Diameter.............................................................74.0” (72.0” Minimum)
Model Number............................................... PHC-J3YF-1RF/F7392-1
Diameter.............................................................74.0” (72.0” Minimum)
Weight Limits
Maximum Takeoff Weight ......................................... 3000 lb. (1361 kg)
• Note •
All weights in excess of 2900 pounds (1315 kg) must consist
of wing fuel.
Maximum Landing Weight ....................................... 2900 lb. (1315 kg)
Maximum Weight in Baggage Compartment.................. 130 lb. (59 kg)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
2-7
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Instrument Markings
Instrument
(Range)
Red Line
Green Arc
Yellow Arc
Red Line
Minimum
Normal
Caution
Maximum
Power Plant Instrumentation
Tachometer/
Engine Speed
(0 - 3500 RPM)
––
500 - 2700
––
2700
Cylinder Head
Temperature
(200° F - 500° F)
––
240° - 420°
F
420° - 460°
F
460° F
Exhaust Gas Temp.
(1250° - 1650° F)
––
––
––
––
Manifold Pressure
(10 – 35 Inches Hg)
––
15 - 29.5
in. Hg
29.5 – 35
in. Hg
––
Fuel Flow
(0 – 18 U.S. Gal./
Hr.)
––
7 – 13 GPH
––
––
Oil Temperature
(50° - 240° F)
––
100° - 240°
F
––
240° F
10 psi (Idle)
30 - 60 psi
10 - 30 psi
60 - 100 psi
100 psi
(Cold)
0 gal.
––
0 - 8.2 gal.
––
Oil Pressure
(0 - 100 PSI)
Fuel Quantity
(0 – 28 U.S. Gallon)
Miscellaneous Instrumentation
Voltmeter
(16 - 32 Volts)
2-8
––
24 - 30
Volts
Figure 2-3
Instrumentation Markings
––
32 Volts
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Center of Gravity Limits
Reference Datum ....................................100 inches forward of firewall
Forward ................................................................... Refer to Figure 2-4
Aft ............................................................................ Refer to Figure 2-4
23.1 % MAC
FS 144.1
3000 lb
3000
31.3 % MAC
FS 148.0
3000 lb
Weight - Pounds
2800
31.5 % MAC
FS 148.1
2900 lb
16.7 % MAC
FS 141.0
2694 lb
2600
30.0 % MAC
FS 147.4
2570 lb
2400
12.0 % MAC
FS 138.7
2110 lb
2200
24.1 % MAC
FS 144.6
2110 lb
2000
138
140
142
144
146
148
150
C.G. - Inches Aft of Datum
SR20_FM02_1940A
FORWARD LIMIT - The forward limit is FS 138.7 (12.0% MAC) at 2110 lb., with straight line taper
to FS 141.0 (16.7% MAC) at 2694 lb., and to FS 144.1 (23.1% MAC) at 3000 lb.
AFT LIMIT - The aft limit is FS 144.6 (24.1% MAC) at 2110 lb., with straight line taper to FS 147.4
(30.0% MAC) at 2570 lb., to FS 148.1 (31.5% MAC) at 2900 lb., and to FS 148.0 (31.3% MAC) at
3000 lb.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Figure 2-4
C.G. Envelope
2-9
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Maneuver Limits
Aerobatic maneuvers, including spins, are prohibited.
• Note •
Because the SR20 has not been certified for spin recovery,
the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) must be
deployed if the airplane departs controlled flight. Refer to
Section 3 – Emergency Procedures, Inadvertent Spiral/Spin
Entry.
This airplane is certified in the normal category and is not designed for
aerobatic operations. Only those operations incidental to normal flight
are approved. These operations include normal stalls, chandelles, lazy
eights, and turns in which the angle of bank is limited to 60° .
Flight Load Factor Limits
Flaps UP (0%), 3000 lb.......................................................+3.8g, -1.9g
Flaps 50%, 3000 lb. ...............................................................+1.9g, -0g
Flaps 100% (Down), 3000 lb. ................................................+1.9g, -0g
Minimum Flight Crew
The minimum flight crew is one pilot.
2-10
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Kinds of Operation
The SR20 is equipped and approved for the following type operations:
• VFR day and night.
• IFR day and night.
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV configuration: The airplane is
equipped and approved for the following type operations:
• VFR day and night.
Kinds of Operation Equipment List
The following listing summarizes the equipment required under
Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Part 23 for airworthiness under the
listed kind of operation. Those minimum items of equipment
necessary under the operating rules are defined in FAR Part 91 and
FAR Part 135 as applicable.
• Note •
All references to types of flight operations on the operating
limitations placards are based upon equipment installed at the
time of Airworthiness Certificate issuance.
System,
Instrument,
and/or
Equipment
Kinds of Operation
VFR
Day
VFR
Nt.
IFR
Day
IFR
Nt.
—
—
1
1
Battery 1
1
1
1
1
Battery 2
—
—
1
1
Alternator 1
1
1
1
1
Alternator 2
—
—
1
1
Remarks,
Notes,
and/or
Exceptions
Communications
VHF COM
Electrical Power
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ SRV standard
configuration: ALT 2
not applicable.
2-11
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
System,
Instrument,
and/or
Equipment
VFR
Day
VFR
Nt.
IFR
Day
IFR
Nt.
Amp Meter/Indication
1
1
1
1
Low Volts Annunciator
1
1
1
1
ALT 1 Annunciator
1
1
1
1
ALT 2 Annunciator
1
1
1
1
A/R
A/R
A/R
1
1
1
A/R
A/R
A/R
1
1
1
1
Flap Position Lights
3
3
3
3
Flap System
1
1
1
1
Pitch Trim Indicator
1
1
1
1
Pitch Trim System
1
1
1
1
Roll Trim Indicator
1
1
1
1
Roll Trim System
1
1
1
1
Stall Warning System
1
1
1
1
Circuit Breakers
Kinds of Operation
Remarks,
Notes,
and/or
Exceptions
Serials 1337 and
subsequent with
SRV standard
configuration: ALT 2
Annunciator not
applicable.
A/R As Required.
Equipment &
Furnishings
Emergency Locator
Transmitter
Restraint System
1
A/R One Seat Belt for
each occupant.
Fire Protection
Fire Extinguisher
Flight Controls
Fuel
2-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
System,
Instrument,
and/or
Equipment
Kinds of Operation
VFR
Day
VFR
Nt.
IFR
Day
IFR
Nt.
Auxiliary Boost Pump
1
1
1
1
Fuel Quantity Indicator
2
2
2
2
Fuel Selector Valve
1
1
1
1
Alternate Engine Air
Induction System
1
1
1
1
Alternate Static Air
Source
1
1
1
1
Pitot Heater
—
—
1
1
—
—
—
—
Anticollision Lights
2
2
2
2
Instrument Lights
—
™
—
™
Navigation Lights
—
4
—
4
Landing Light
—
1
—
1
Airspeed Indicator
1
1
1
1
Altimeter
1
1
1
1
Magnetic Compass
1
1
1
1
Pitot System
1
1
1
1
Static System, Normal
1
1
1
1
Attitude Indicator
—
—
1
1
Clock
—
—
1
1
Remarks,
Notes,
and/or
Exceptions
Ice & Rain Protection
Landing Gear
Wheel Pants
May be removed.
Lights
™-Must be
operative.
For hire operations.
Navigation & Pitot Static
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
2-13
Section 2
Limitations
System,
Instrument,
and/or
Equipment
Cirrus Design
SR20
Kinds of Operation
Remarks,
Notes,
and/or
Exceptions
VFR
Day
VFR
Nt.
IFR
Day
IFR
Nt.
Nav Radio
—
—
1
1
Gyroscopic Directional
Indication (HSI)
—
—
1
1
Serials 1005 & subs
w/o PFD.
Turn Coordinator
—
—
1
1
Serials 1005 & subs
w/o PFD.
PFD Attitude Indication
—
—
1
1
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ PFD.
PFD Airspeed
Indication
—
—
1
1
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ PFD.
PFD Altitude Indication
—
—
1
1
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ PFD.
PFD Heading
Indication
—
—
1
1
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ PFD.
PFD Slip/Skid
Indication
—
—
1
1
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ PFD.
Magnetometer
—
—
1
1
Serials 1337 & subs
w/ PFD.
Vertical Speed
Indicator
—
—
—
—
Multi-Function Display
™
™
™
™
—
—
—
—
™-Serials 1582
thru 1878 before
PFD Release 7.0
Software Update;
Oil Temperature
Indication must be
operative.
Engine Indicating
Cylinder Head
Temperature Indication
2-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
System,
Instrument,
and/or
Equipment
Section 2
Limitations
Kinds of Operation
VFR
Day
VFR
Nt.
IFR
Day
IFR
Nt.
Exhaust Gas
Temperature Indication
—
—
—
—
Fuel Flow Indication
1
1
1
1
Manifold Pressure
Indication
1
1
1
1
Oil Pressure Indication
1
1
1
1
Oil Quantity Indicator
(Dipstick)
1
1
1
1
Oil Temperature
Indication
1
1
1
1
Engine Speed
1
1
1
1
Cirrus Airframe
Parachute (CAPS)
1
1
1
1
Airplane Flight Manual
1
1
1
1
Remarks,
Notes,
and/or
Exceptions
Special Equipment
Included w/ POH.
Icing
Flight into known icing conditions is prohibited.
Runway Surface
This airplane may be operated on any smooth runway surface.
• Caution •
Operation on unimproved runway surfaces will cause
additional wear and may require additional maintenance or
inspection. Refer to the Airplane Maintenance Manual.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
2-15
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Instrument Procedures
Due to the possibility of CDI needle oscillation, in aircraft configured
with a 2 blade propeller, while conducting instrument procedures that
use a localizer or Simplified Directional Facility (SDF) navaid, engine
speed above 2600 rpm is prohibited.
Taxi Power
Maximum continuous engine speed for taxiing is 1000 RPM on flat,
smooth, hard surfaces. Power settings slightly above 1000 RPM are
permissible to start motion, for turf, soft surfaces, and on inclines. Use
minimum power to maintain taxi speed.
Fuel Limits
The maximum allowable fuel imbalance is 7.5 U.S. gallons (¼ tank).
Approved Fuel ............... Aviation Grade 100 LL (Blue) or 100 (Green)
Total Fuel Capacity ..................................... 60.5 U.S. gallons (229.0 L)
Total Fuel Each Tank .................................. 30.3 U.S. gallons (114.5 L)
Total Usable Fuel (all flight conditions) ....... 56.0 U.S. gallons (212.0 L)
Altitude Limits
Maximum Takeoff Altitude.......................................... 10,000 Feet MSL
Maximum Operating Altitude ........................................ 17,500 ft. MSL
The operating rules (FAR Part 91 and FAR Part 135) require the use of
supplemental oxygen at specified altitudes below the maximum
operating altitude. Refer to Oxygen System Limitations in this Section.
Environmental Conditions
For operation of the airplane below an outside air temperature of -10°F
(-23° C), use of cowl inlet covers approved by Cirrus Design and listed
in the Winterization Kit AFM Supplement P/N 11934-S25 is required.
Maximum Occupancy
Occupancy of this airplane is limited to four persons (the pilot and
three passengers).
2-16
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Systems and Equipment Limits
Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS)
VPD Maximum Demonstrated Deployment Speed ................. 135 KIAS
• Note •
Refer to Section 10 – Safety Information, for additional CAPS
guidance.
Primary Flight Display
1. The PFD integrates with separately approved sensor installations.
Adherence to limitations in appropriate installation POH
supplements is mandatory.
2. The Avidyne FlightMax Entegra-Series PFD Pilot’s Guide, P/N
600-00142-000, Revision 03, or latest revision, must be available
to the pilot during all flight operations.
3. Flight under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) is not permitted with the
PFD or any standby indicator (attitude indicator or magnetic
compass) inoperative. Refer to Kinds of Operation Equipment List.
• Note •
The Avidyne PFD software version is displayed on the PFD
during system startup.
4. Serials 1337 and subsequent before installation of PFD software
version 530-00123-XXX-REV05 (where X can be any digit from 0
to 9): Backcourse approaches are prohibited.
When the PFD is coupled with Autopilot System, the
following Limitations apply:
5. Autopilot operation is prohibited above:
a. 185 KIAS for airplanes equipped with System 55 autopilots.
b.
180 KIAS for airplanes equipped with System 55SR
autopilots.
6. The autopilot must not be engaged for takeoff or landing.
7. The autopilot must be disengaged for missed approach, goaround, and balked landing.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
2-17
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
8. Flaps must be set to 50% for autopilot operation in Altitude Hold at
airspeeds below 95 KIAS.
9. Flap deflection is limited to 50% during autopilot operations.
10. The autopilot must be disconnected in moderate or severe
turbulence.
11. Minimum engage height for the autopilot is 400 ft AGL.
• WARNING •
Autopilot may not be able to maintain all selectable vertical
speeds. Selecting a vertical speed that exceeds the aircraft’s
available performance may cause the aircraft to stall.
12. Minimum speed with the autopilot engaged is 1.2Vs for the given
configuration.
13. For VOR/GPS and ILS glideslope and localizer intercept, capture,
and tracking, the following limitations apply:
a. The autopilot must be disengaged no later than 100 feet below
the Minimum Descent Altitude.
b.
The autopilot must be disconnected during approach if course
deviation exceeds 50%. The approach should only be
continued by “hand-flying” the airplane.
c.
The autopilot must be disengaged at the Decision Height.
d. 12 knot maximum crosswind component between the missed
approach point and outer marker.
e. The intercept of the localizer shall occur at least 5 miles
outside of the outer marker.
f.
If the crosswind component is greater than 12 knots and less
than 17 knots, the intercept shall occur at least 10 miles
outside of the outer marker.
g. The intercept angle shall be no greater than a 45-degree
intercept.
h. The ILS is flown at normal approach speeds, and within any
STC or TC speed constraints and as defined in this flight
manual.
2-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A6
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
i.
The flaps should be extended in the approach configuration
prior to the Outer Marker. No further changes in the flap
configuration should be made throughout the autopilotcoupled approach.
j.
The glideslope is approached in such a manner to allow
automatic arming of the glideslope, or if the glideslope is
manually armed no more than 15% above the glideslope.
Multi-Function Display
1. The moving map display must not be used as the primary
navigation instrument. The moving map display provides visual
advisory of the airplane’s GPS position against a moving map.
The information supplements CDI course deviation and
information provided on the GPS navigator.
2. Use of Map page during IFR flight requires an IFR approved GPS
receiver installation operated in accordance with applicable
limitations.
3. Under no circumstances should the Map page
representations be used as a basis for terrain avoidance.
terrain
4. The electronic checklists display supplements the Pilot Operating
Handbook checklists and is advisory only. The electronic
checklists must not be used as the primary set of on-board
airplane checklists.
5. The MFD interfaces with separately approved sensor installations.
Adherence to limitations in the appropriate sensor installation
POH Supplements is mandatory.
6. Traffic information shown on the Map page display is provided to
the pilot as an aid to visually acquire traffic. Pilots should
maneuver their aircraft based only on ATC guidance or positive
visual acquisition of the conflicting traffic. Maneuver should be
consistent with ATC instructions. No maneuvers should be made
based solely on a traffic advisory.
7. Serials with ARNAV MFD installed; The ARNAV ICDS 2000 Pilot’s
Operation Handbook, P/N 572-0550 dated May 1998 or later
revision, must be available to the pilot during all flight operations
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
2-19
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
8. Serials with Avidyne MFD installed: The Avidyne FlightMax
EX5000C Pilot’s Guide, P/N 600-00108-000, Revision 03 or later,
must be available to the pilot during all flight operations.
Oxygen System
Whenever the operating rules require the use of supplemental oxygen,
the pilot must:
• Use an oxygen system approved by Cirrus Design and listed in
the Oxygen System AFM Supplement Part Number 11934S09.
• Secure the oxygen bottle in the right front seat as described in
the AFM Supplement noted above.
Inflatable Restraint System
Serials 1268 thru 1540 after SB 2X-25-14 and serials 1541 and
subsequent; Use of a child safety seat with the inflatable restraint
system is prohibited.
Flap Limitations
Approved Takeoff Settings........................................... UP (0%) or 50%
Approved Landing Settings ............................. Up (0%), 50%, or 100%
Paint
To ensure that the temperature of the composite structure does not
exceed 150° F (66° C), the outer surface of the airplane must be
painted in accordance with the paint colors and schemes as specified
in the Airplane Maintenance Manual. Refer to Airplane Maintenance
Manual (AMM), Chapter 51, for specific paint requirements.
Other Limitations
Smoking
Smoking is prohibited in this airplane.
2-20
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Placards
Engine compartment, inside oil filler access:
ENGINE OIL GRADE
ABOVE 40° F SAE 50 OR 20W50
BELOW 40° F SAE 30 OR 10W30, 15W50, OR 20W50
REFER TO AFM FOR APPROVED OILS
Wing, adjacent to fuel filler caps:
AVGAS MIN GRADE 100LL OR 100
28 U.S. GALS. TOTAL USABLE CAP
13 U.S. GALS. USABLE TO TAB
Serials 1005 thru 1099.
AVGAS MIN GRADE 100LL OR 100
28 U.S. GALS. (106 LITERS) TOTAL USABLE CAP
13 U.S. GALS. (49 LITERS) USABLE TO TAB
Serials 1100 thru 1326.
M
IN
GR A DE 10 0
L
L
C I TY
U
.
AB
US
6 L
I TER S) T O TAL
LE
B
S.
SA
U
(49
LITERS)
. (
10
AL
B
CA
LE
LS
A
G
TO
G
13
S.
.
TA
U.
PA
15 6 4 8 - 0 0 2
10 0
AV G
AS
OR
28
S
Serials 1327 & subs.
SR20_FM02_1220D
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 1 of 7)
2-21
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Upper fuselage, either side of CAPS rocket cover:
WARNING!
ROCKET FOR PARACHUTE DEPLOYMENT INSIDE
STAY CLEAR WHEN AIRPLANE IS OCCUPIED
Left fuselage, on external
power supply door:
EXTERNAL
Rudder, and elevator, both sides:
NO PUSH
POWER
28 V DC
Doors, above and below latch:
C L O SE
CLOSE
O
P
OPEN
E
N
Serials 1317 thru 1422.
Serials 1005 thru 1316.
PUSH
TO
OPEN
Serials 1423 & subs.
2-22
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 2 of 7)
SR20_FM02_1221B
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Engine control panel:
UP
50%
120 KIAS
FLAPS
100%
100 KIAS
CREW SEATS MUST BE LOCKED IN POSITION AND
CONTROL HANDLES FULLY DOWN BEFORE FLIGHT
MAX
FULL RICH
P
O
W
BOOST
E
M
I
X
T
U
R
FUEL
PUMP
PRIME
LEFT
28
GALLONS
USABLE
OFF
R
IDLE
F
R
I
C
T
I
O
N
E
CUTOFF
RIGHT
28
GALLONS
USABLE
OFF
SR20_FM02_1602A
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 3 of 7)
2-23
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Wing, flap aft edge:
NO STEP
Cabin Door Window, lower edge, centered, applied upside down:
RESCUE: FRACTURE AND REMOVE WINDOW
Bolster Switch Panel, left edge:
THIS AIRCRAFT IS CERTIFIED FOR THE
FOLLOWING FLIGHT OPERATIONS:
DAY - NIGHT - VFR - IFR
(WITH REQUIRED EQUIPMENT)
FLIGHT INTO KNOWN ICING IS PROHIBITED
OPERATE PER AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
Serials 1005 & subs w/o SRV option.
THIS AIRCRAFT IS CERTIFIED FOR THE
FOLLOWING FLIGHT OPERATIONS:
DAY - NIGHT - VFR
(WITH REQUIRED EQUIPMENT)
FLIGHT INTO KNOWN ICING IS PROHIBITED
OPERATE PER AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL
Serials 1337 & subs with SRV option.
Instrument Panel Upper left:
MANEUVERING
SPEED: Vo 131 KIAS
NORMAL CATEGORY AIRPLANE
NO ACROBATIC MANEUVERS,
INCLUDING SPINS, APPROVED
SR20_FM02_1223E
2-24
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 4 of 7)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
Bolster Panel, both sides:
GRAB HERE
Serials 1351 & subs.
Instrument Panel:
NO SMOKING
FASTEN SEATBELTS
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
UNDER PILOT SEAT FRONT
Serials 1005 thru 1638.
FASTEN SEAT BELT • NO SMOKING
FIRE EXTINGUISHER FORWARD LEFT OF PILOT SEAT
Serials 1639 & subs.
Cabin Window, above door latch:
EMERGENCY EXIT
REMOVE EGRESS HAMMER FROM ARMREST LID
STRIKE CORNER OF WINDOW,
KICK OR PUSH OUT AFTER FRACTURING
Serials 1005 thru 1178.
EMERGENCY EXIT
REMOVE EGRESS HAMMER FROM WITHIN
CENTER ARMREST LID. STRIKE CORNER OF
WINDOW. KICK OR PUSH OUT AFTER FRACTURING
Serials 1179 & subs.
SR20_FM02_1517E
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 5 of 7)
2-25
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Baggage Compartment, aft edge:
ELT LOCATED BEHIND BULKHEAD
REMOVE CARPET AND ACCESS PANEL
Baggage Compartment Door, inside:
DISTRIBUTED FLOOR LIMIT 130 LBS
BAGGAGE STRAP CAPACITY IS 35 LBS EACH MAXIMUM
SEE AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL FOR BAGGAGE TIE-DOWN
AND WEIGHT AND BALANCE INFORMATION
12378-001 REV A
SR20_FM02_1224
2-26
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 6 of 7)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2
Limitations
CAPS Deployment Handle Cover, above pilot's right shoulder:
!
WARNING
USE FOR EXTREME EMERGENCIES ONLY
SEAT BELT AND SHOULDER HARNESS
MUST BE WORN AT ALL TIMES
USE OF THIS DEVICE COULD RESULT
IN INJURY OR DEATH
MAXIMUM DEMONSTRATED DEPLOYMENT SPEED
135 KIAS
CIRRUS AIRFRAME PARACHUTE SYSTEM
ACTIVATION PROCEDURE
1. FUEL MIXTURE.......................................CUT-OFF
2. THIS COVER............................................REMOVE
3. ACTIVATION HANDLE.........PULL STRAIGHT DOWN
BOTH HANDS, MAXIMUM FORCE, STEADY PULL
DO NOT JERK HANDLE
4. FUEL SELECTOR HANDLE........OFF
5. MASTER SWITCH........................OFF
6. RESTRAINT SYSTEM............SECURE
SR20_FM02_1590
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 2-5
Placards (Sheet 7 of 7)
2-27
Section 2
Limitations
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
2-28
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 3-3
Airspeeds for Emergency Operations ............................................. 3-4
Emergency Procedures Guidance .................................................. 3-5
Preflight Planning......................................................................... 3-5
Preflight Inspections/Maintenance ............................................... 3-5
Methodology ................................................................................ 3-5
Memory Items .............................................................................. 3-6
Ground Emergencies ......................................................................3-7
Engine Fire During Start .............................................................. 3-7
Emergency Engine Shutdown On Ground................................... 3-7
Emergency Ground Egress ......................................................... 3-8
In-Flight Emergencies ..................................................................... 3-9
Engine Failure On Takeoff (Low Altitude) .................................... 3-9
Maximum Glide ............................................................................. 3-10
Engine Failure In Flight.............................................................. 3-11
Engine Airstart ........................................................................... 3-12
Engine Partial Power Loss......................................................... 3-13
Low Oil Pressure ....................................................................... 3-15
Propeller Governor Failure ........................................................ 3-15
Smoke and Fume Elimination .................................................... 3-16
Engine Fire In Flight................................................................... 3-16
Wing Fire In Flight...................................................................... 3-16
Cabin Fire In Flight .................................................................... 3-17
Emergency Descent .................................................................. 3-18
Inadvertent Spiral Dive During IMC Flight ................................. 3-19
Spins.......................................................................................... 3-20
CAPS Deployment..................................................................... 3-21
Landing Emergencies ................................................................... 3-24
Emergency Landing Without Engine Power .............................. 3-24
Ditching...................................................................................... 3-25
Landing Without Elevator Control .............................................. 3-25
System Malfunctions ..................................................................... 3-26
Primary Flight Display System ................................................... 3-26
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-1
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
PFD - Loss of Air Data ...............................................................3-26
PFD - Loss of Attitude Data .......................................................3-26
Power Lever Linkage Failure .....................................................3-27
3-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Introduction
This section provides procedures for handling emergencies and
critical flight situations that may occur while operating the SR20.
Although emergencies caused by airplane, systems, or engine
malfunctions are extremely rare, the guidelines described in this
section should be considered and applied as necessary should an
emergency arise.
• Note •
Emergency procedures associated with optional systems can
be found in Section 9.
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard
configuration: The airplane is equipped with a single
alternator, dual battery electrical system. References to
Alternator 2 in the following section do not apply.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3-3
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airspeeds for Emergency Operations
Maneuvering Speed:
3000 lb .............................................................................131 KIAS
2600 lb .............................................................................122 KIAS
2200 lb .............................................................................111 KIAS
Best Glide:
3000 lb ...............................................................................96 KIAS
2500 lb ...............................................................................87 KIAS
Emergency Landing (Engine-out):
Flaps Up.............................................................................86 KIAS
Flaps 50% ..........................................................................81 KIAS
Flaps 100% ........................................................................75 KIAS
3-4
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Emergency Procedures Guidance
Although this section provides procedures for handling most
emergencies and critical flight situations that could arise in the SR20,
it is not a substitute for thorough knowledge of the airplane and
general aviation techniques. A thorough study of the information in this
handbook while on the ground will help you prepare for time-critical
situations in the air.
Preflight Planning
Enroute emergencies caused by weather can be minimized or
eliminated by careful flight planning and good judgment when
unexpected weather is encountered.
Preflight Inspections/Maintenance
In-flight mechanical problems in the SR20 will be extremely rare if
proper preflight inspections and maintenance are practiced. Always
perform a thorough walk-around preflight inspection before any flight
to ensure that no damage occurred during the previous flight or while
the airplane was on the ground. Pay special attention to any oil leaks
or fuel stains that could indicate engine problems.
Methodology
Aircraft emergencies are very dynamic events. Because of this, it is
impossible to address every action a pilot might take to handle a
situation. However, four basic actions can be applied to any
emergency. They are:
Maintain Aircraft Control — Many minor aircraft emergencies turn
into major ones when the pilot fails to maintain aircraft control.
Remember, do not panic and do not fixate on a particular problem.
Over-attention to a faulty warning light during an instrument approach
can lead to a pilot induced unusual attitude and possibly worse. To
avoid this, even in an emergency: aviate, navigate, and communicate,
in this order. Never let anything interfere with your control of the
airplane. Never stop flying.
Analyze the Situation — Once you are able to maintain control of the
aircraft, assess the situation. Look at the engine parameters. Listen to
the engine. Determine what the airplane is telling you.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3-5
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Take Appropriate Action — In most situations, the procedures listed
in this section will either correct the aircraft problem or allow safe
recovery of the aircraft. Follow them and use good pilot judgment.
The Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) should be activated in
the event of a life-threatening emergency where CAPS deployment is
determined to be safer than continued flight and landing. Refer to
Section 10, Safety Information, for CAPS deployment information and
landing considerations.
Land as soon as Conditions Permit — Once you have handled the
emergency, assess your next move. Handle any non-critical “clean-up”
items in the checklist and put the aircraft on the ground. Remember,
even if the airplane appears to be in sound condition, it may not be.
Memory Items
Checklist steps emphasized by underlining such as this:
1. Best Glide Speed ....................................................... ESTABLISH
should be memorized for accomplishment without reference to the
procedure.
3-6
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Ground Emergencies
Engine Fire During Start
A fire during engine start may be caused by fuel igniting in the fuel
induction system. If this occurs, attempt to draw the fire back into the
engine by continuing to crank the engine.
1. Mixture ..............................................................................CUTOFF
2. Fuel Pump ............................................................................... OFF
3. Fuel Selector............................................................................ OFF
4. Power Lever ..................................................................FORWARD
5. Starter ............................................................................... CRANK
6. If flames persist, perform Emergency Engine Shutdown on
Ground and Emergency Ground Egress checklists.
Emergency Engine Shutdown On Ground
1. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
2. Fuel Pump (if used) ................................................................. OFF
3. Mixture ..............................................................................CUTOFF
4. Fuel Selector............................................................................ OFF
5. Ignition Switch.......................................................................... OFF
6. Bat-Alt Master Switches........................................................... OFF
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3-7
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Emergency Ground Egress
• WARNING •
While exiting the airplane, make sure evacuation path is clear
of other aircraft, spinning propellers, and other hazards.
1. Engine........................................................................SHUTDOWN
• Note •
If the engine is left running, set the Parking Brake prior to
evacuating the airplane.
2. Seat belts ....................................................................... RELEASE
3. Airplane................................................................................... EXIT
• Note •
If the doors cannot be opened, break out the windows with
egress hammer, located in the console between the front
seats, and crawl through the opening.
3-8
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
In-Flight Emergencies
Engine Failure On Takeoff (Low Altitude)
If the engine fails immediately after becoming airborne, abort on the
runway if possible. If altitude precludes a runway stop but is not
sufficient to restart the engine, lower the nose to maintain airspeed
and establish a glide attitude. In most cases, the landing should be
made straight ahead, turning only to avoid obstructions. After
establishing a glide for landing, perform as many of the checklist items
as time permits.
• WARNING •
If a turn back to the runway is elected, be very careful not to
stall the airplane.
1. Best Glide or Landing Speed (as appropriate) .......... ESTABLISH
2. Mixture ..............................................................................CUTOFF
3. Fuel Selector............................................................................ OFF
4. Ignition Switch.......................................................................... OFF
5. Flaps ...................................................................... AS REQUIRED
If time permits:
6. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
7. Fuel Pump ............................................................................... OFF
8. Bat-Alt Master Switches........................................................... OFF
9. Seat Belts ..................................................... ENSURE SECURED
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3-9
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Maximum Glide
Conditions
Example:
Power
Propeller
Flaps
Wind
OFF
Windmilling
0% (UP)
Zero
Altitude
Airspeed
Glide Distance
7,000 ft. AGL
Best Glide
12.5 NM
Best Glide Speed
3000 lb
96 KIAS
2500 lb
87 KIAS
Maximum Glide Ratio ~ 10.9 : 1
HEIGHT ABOVE GROUND - FEET
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
0
2
6
8
4
10
12
14
16
GROUND DISTANCE - NAUTICAL MILES
18
20
SR20_FM03_1046
3-10
Figure 3-1
Maximum Glide
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Engine Failure In Flight
If the engine fails at altitude, pitch as necessary to establish best glide
speed. While gliding toward a suitable landing area, attempt to identify
the cause of the failure and correct it. If altitude or terrain does not
permit a safe landing, CAPS deployment may be required. Refer to
Section 10, Safety Information, for CAPS deployment scenarios and
landing considerations.
• WARNING •
If engine failure is accompanied by fuel fumes in the cockpit,
or if internal engine damage is suspected, move Mixture
Control to CUTOFF and do not attempt a restart.
1. Best Glide Speed ....................................................... ESTABLISH
• Note •
With a seized or failed engine, the distance that the airplane
will glide will be more than the distance it would glide with the
engine at idle, such as during training.
If the propeller is windmilling, some additional glide range may
be achieved by moving the Power Lever to idle and increasing
airspeed by 5 to 10 knots.
2. Mixture ......................................................................... FULL RICH
3. Fuel Selector........................................................ SWITCH TANKS
4. Fuel Pump ......................................................................... BOOST
5. Alternate Induction Air ...............................................................ON
6. Ignition Switch.........................................................CHECK, BOTH
7. If engine does not start, proceed to Engine Airstart or Forced
Landing checklist, as required.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-11
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Engine Airstart
The following procedures address the most common causes for
engine loss. Switching tanks and turning the fuel pump on will
enhance starting if fuel contamination was the cause of the failure.
Leaning the mixture and then slowly enriching mixture may correct
faulty mixture control.
• Note •
Engine airstarts may be performed during 1g flight anywhere
within the normal operating envelope of the airplane.
1. Bat Master Switches ................................................................. ON
2. Power Lever .................................................................... ½” OPEN
3. Mixture ................................................................ RICH, AS REQ’D
4. Fuel Selector ........................................................ SWITCH TANKS
5. Ignition Switch ....................................................................... BOTH
6. Fuel Pump.......................................................................... BOOST
7. Alternate Induction Air............................................................... ON
8. Alt Master Switches .................................................................OFF
9. Starter (Propeller not Windmilling) ...................................ENGAGE
10. Power Lever .......................................................slowly INCREASE
11. Alt Master Switches .................................................................. ON
12. If engine will not start, perform Forced Landing checklist.
3-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Engine Partial Power Loss
Indications of a partial power loss include fluctuating RPM, reduced or
fluctuating manifold pressure, low oil pressure, high oil temperature,
and a rough-sounding or rough-running engine. Mild engine
roughness in flight may be caused by one or more spark plugs
becoming fouled. A sudden engine roughness or misfiring is usually
evidence of a magneto malfunction.
• Note •
Low oil pressure may be indicative of an imminent engine
failure – Refer to Low Oil Pressure procedure in this section
for special procedures with low oil pressure.
• Note •
A damaged (out-of-balance) propeller may cause extremely
rough operation. If an out-of-balance propeller is suspected,
immediately shut down engine and perform Forced Landing
checklist.
If a partial engine failure permits level flight, land at a suitable airfield
as soon as conditions permit. If conditions do not permit safe level
flight, use partial power as necessary to set up a forced landing
pattern over a suitable landing field. Always be prepared for a
complete engine failure and consider CAPS deployment if a suitable
landing site is not available. Refer to Section 10, Safety Information,
for CAPS deployment scenarios and landing considerations.
If the power loss is due to a fuel leak in the injector system, fuel
sprayed over the engine may be cooled by the slipstream airflow which
may prevent a fire at altitude. However, as the Power Lever is reduced
during descent and approach to landing the cooling air may not be
sufficient to prevent an engine fire.
• WARNING •
If there is a strong smell of fuel in the cockpit, divert to the
nearest suitable landing field. Fly a forced landing pattern and
shut down the engine fuel supply once a safe landing is
assured.
(Continued on following page)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-13
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
The following procedure provides guidance to isolate and correct
some of the conditions contributing to a rough running engine or a
partial power loss:
1. Fuel Pump.......................................................................... BOOST
Selecting BOOST on may clear the problem if vapor in the
injection lines is the problem or if the engine-driven fuel pump has
partially failed. The electric fuel pump will not provide sufficient
fuel pressure to supply the engine if the engine-driven fuel pump
completely fails.
2. Fuel Selector ........................................................ SWITCH TANKS
Selecting the opposite fuel tank may resolve the problem if fuel
starvation or contamination in one tank was the problem.
3. Mixture ............................. CHECK appropriate for flight conditions
4. Power Lever ....................................................................... SWEEP
Sweep the Power Lever through range as required to obtain
smooth operation and required power.
5. Alternate Induction Air............................................................... ON
A gradual loss of manifold pressure and eventual engine
roughness may result from the formation of intake ice. Opening
the alternate engine air will provide air for engine operation if the
normal source is blocked or the air filter is iced over.
6. Ignition Switch ...................................................... BOTH, L, then R
Cycling the ignition switch momentarily from BOTH to L and then
to R may help identify the problem. An obvious power loss in
single ignition operation indicates magneto or spark plug trouble.
Lean the mixture to the recommended cruise setting. If engine
does not smooth out in several minutes, try a richer mixture
setting. Return ignition switch to the BOTH position unless
extreme roughness dictates the use of a single magneto.
7. Land as soon as practical.
3-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Low Oil Pressure
If low oil pressure is accompanied by a rise in oil temperature, the
engine has probably lost a significant amount of its oil and engine
failure may be imminent. Immediately reduce engine power to idle and
select a suitable forced landing field.
• WARNING •
Prolonged use of high power settings after loss of oil pressure
will lead to engine mechanical damage and total engine
failure, which could be catastrophic.
• Note •
Full power should only be used following a loss of oil pressure
when operating close to the ground and only for the time
necessary to climb to an altitude permitting a safe landing or
analysis of the low oil pressure indication to confirm oil
pressure has actually been lost.
If low oil pressure is accompanied by normal oil temperature, it
is possible that the oil pressure sensor, gage, or relief valve is
malfunctioning. In any case, land as soon as practical and
determine cause.
1. Power Lever ................................................ MINIMUM REQUIRED
2. Land as soon as possible.
Propeller Governor Failure
If the RPM does not respond to power lever movement or overspeeds,
the most likely cause is a faulty governor or an oil system malfunction.
If moving the power lever is difficult or rough, suspect a power lever
linkage failure and perform the Power Lever Linkage Failure checklist.
Propeller RPM will not increase:
1. Oil Pressure ....................................................................... CHECK
2. Land as soon as practical.
Propeller overspeeds or will not decrease:
1. Power Lever ................................. ADJUST (to keep RPM in limits)
2. Airspeed.........................................................REDUCE to 80 KIAS
3. Land as soon as practical.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3-15
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Smoke and Fume Elimination
If smoke and/or fumes are detected in the cabin, check the engine
parameters for any sign of malfunction. If a fuel leak has occurred,
actuation of electrical components may cause a fire. If there is a strong
smell of fuel in the cockpit, divert to the nearest suitable landing field.
Perform a Forced Landing pattern and shut down the fuel supply to the
engine once a safe landing is assured.
1. Heater ......................................................................................OFF
2. Air Vents......................................................... OPEN, FULL COLD
3. Prepare to land as soon as possible.
If airflow is not sufficient to clear smoke or fumes from cabin:
4. Cabin Doors ...................................................... PARTIALLY OPEN
Airspeed may need to be reduced to partially open door in flight.
Engine Fire In Flight
If an engine fire occurs during flight, do not attempt to restart the
engine.
1. Mixture ............................................................................. CUTOFF
2. Fuel Pump................................................................................OFF
3. Fuel Selector ............................................................................OFF
4. Airflow Selector ........................................................................OFF
5. Power Lever ........................................................................... IDLE
6. Ignition Switch ..........................................................................OFF
7. Cabin Doors ...................................................... PARTIALLY OPEN
Airspeed may need to be reduced to partially open door in flight.
8. Land as soon as possible.
3-16
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Wing Fire In Flight
1. Pitot Heat Switch ..................................................................... OFF
2. Navigation Light Switch............................................................ OFF
3. Landing Light ........................................................................... OFF
4. Strobe Light Switch .................................................................. OFF
5. If possible, side slip to keep flames away from fuel tank and cabin.
• Note •
Putting the airplane into a dive may blow out the fire. Do not
exceed VNE during the dive.
6. Land as soon as possible.
Cabin Fire In Flight
If the cause of the fire is readily apparent and accessible, use the fire
extinguisher to extinguish flames and land as soon as possible.
Opening the vents or doors may feed the fire, but to avoid
incapacitating the crew from smoke inhalation, it may be necessary to
rid cabin of smoke or fire extinguishant. If the cause of fire is not
readily apparent, is electrical, or is not readily accessible, proceed as
follows:
• WARNING •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: If the airplane is in IMC
conditions, turn ALT 1, ALT 2, and BAT 1 switches OFF. Power
from battery 2 will keep the Primary Flight Display operational
for approximately 30 minutes.
1. Bat-Alt Master Switches........................................ OFF, AS REQ’D
• Note •
With Bat-Alt Master Switches OFF, engine will continue to run.
However, no electrical power will be available.
2. Heater ...................................................................................... OFF
3. Air Vents........................................................................... CLOSED
4. Fire Extinguisher ............................................................ ACTIVATE
(Continued on following page)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
3-17
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
• WARNING •
Halon gas used in the fire extinguisher can be toxic, especially
in a closed area. After extinguishing fire, ventilate cabin by
opening air vents and unlatching door (if required).
If airflow is not sufficient to clear smoke or fumes from cabin:
5. Cabin Doors ...................................................... PARTIALLY OPEN
Airspeed may need to be reduced to partially open door in flight.
6. When fire extinguished, Air Vents ................... OPEN, FULL COLD
7. Avionics Power Switch .............................................................OFF
8. All other switches .....................................................................OFF
9. Land as soon as possible.
If setting master switches off eliminated source of fire or fumes and
airplane is in night, weather, or IFR conditions:
• WARNING •
If airplane is in day VFR conditions and turning off the master
switches eliminated the fire situation, leave the master
switches OFF. Do not attempt to isolate the source of the fire
by checking each individual electrical component.
10. Bat-Alt Master Switches ............................................................ ON
11. Avionics Power Switch .............................................................. ON
12. Activate required systems one at a time. Pause several seconds
between activating each system to isolate malfunctioning system.
Continue flight to earliest possible landing with malfunctioning
system off. Activate only the minimum amount of equipment
necessary to complete a safe landing.
Emergency Descent
1. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
2. Mixture ................................................................... AS REQUIRED
• Caution •
If significant turbulence is expected do not descend at
indicated airspeeds greater than VNO (165 KIAS)
3. Airspeed ................................................................. VNE (200 KIAS)
3-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Inadvertent Spiral Dive During IMC Flight
In all cases, if the aircraft enters an unusual attitude from which
recovery is not assured, immediately deploy CAPS. Refer to Section
10, Safety Information, for CAPS deployment information.
1. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
2. Stop the spiral dive by using coordinated aileron and rudder
control while referring to the attitude indicator and turn coordinator
to level the wings.
3. Cautiously apply elevator back pressure to bring airplane to level
flight attitude.
4. Trim for level flight.
5. Set power as required.
6. Use autopilot if functional otherwise keep hands off control yoke,
use rudder to hold constant heading.
7. Exit IMC conditions as soon as possible.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-19
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Spins
The SR20 is not approved for spins, and has not been tested or
certified for spin recovery characteristics. The only approved and
demonstrated method of spin recovery is activation of the Cirrus
Airframe Parachute System (See CAPS Deployment, this section).
Because of this, if the aircraft “departs controlled flight”, the CAPS
must be deployed.
While the stall characteristics of the SR20 make accidental entry into a
spin extremely unlikely, it is possible. Spin entry can be avoided by
using good airmanship: coordinated use of controls in turns, proper
airspeed control following the recommendations of this Handbook, and
never abusing the flight controls with accelerated inputs when close to
the stall (see Stalls, Section 4).
If, at the stall, the controls are misapplied and abused accelerated
inputs are made to the elevator, rudder and/or ailerons, an abrupt wing
drop may be felt and a spiral or spin may be entered. In some cases it
may be difficult to determine if the aircraft has entered a spiral or the
beginning of a spin.
• WARNING •
In all cases, if the aircraft enters an unusual attitude from
which recovery is not expected before ground impact,
immediate deployment of the CAPS is required.
The minimum demonstrated altitude loss for a CAPS
deployment from a one-turn spin is 920 feet. Activation at
higher altitudes provides enhanced safety margins for
parachute recoveries. Do not waste time and altitude trying to
recover from a spiral/spin before activating CAPS.
Inadvertent Spin Entry
1. CAPS ................................................................................. Activate
3-20
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
CAPS Deployment
The Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) should be activated in
the event of a life-threatening emergency where CAPS deployment is
determined to be safer than continued flight and landing.
• WARNING •
CAPS deployment is expected to result in loss of the airframe
and, depending upon adverse external factors such as high
deployment speed, low altitude, rough terrain or high wind
conditions, may result in severe injury or death to the
occupants. Because of this, CAPS should only be activated
when any other means of handling the emergency would not
protect the occupants from serious injury.
• Caution •
Expected impact in a fully stabilized deployment is equivalent
to a drop from approximately 10 feet.
• Note •
Several possible scenarios in which the activation of the
CAPS would be appropriate are discussed in Section 10 Safety Information, of this Handbook. These include:
• Mid-air collision
• Structural failure
• Loss of control
• Landing in inhospitable terrain
• Pilot incapacitation
All pilots should carefully review the information on CAPS
activation and deployment in Section 10 before operating the
airplane.
Once the decision is made to deploy CAPS, the following actions
should be taken:
1. Airspeed....................................................... MINIMUM POSSIBLE
(Continued on following page)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
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Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
The maximum demonstrated deployment speed is 135 KIAS.
Reducing airspeed allows minimum parachute loads and prevents
structural overload and possible parachute failure.
2. Mixture (If time and altitude permit) ................................. CUTOFF
Generally, a distressed airplane will be safer for its occupants if
the engine is not running.
3. Activation Handle Cover.................................................. REMOVE
The cover has a handle located at the forward edge. Pull cover
down to expose activation T-handle.
4. Activation Handle (Both Hands) ............ PULL STRAIGHT DOWN
Pull the activation T-handle from its holder. Clasp both hands
around the handle and pull straight down in a strong, steady, and
continuous motion. Maintain maximum pull force until the rocket
activates. Pull forces up to, or exceeding, 45 pounds may be
required. Bending of the handle-housing mount is to be expected.
• WARNING •
Jerking or rapidly pulling the activation T-handle will greatly
increase the pull forces required to activate the rocket. Use a
firm and steady pulling motion – a “chin-up” type pull
enhances successful activation.
After Deployment:
5. Mixture ............................................................... CHECK, CUTOFF
6. Fuel Selector ............................................................................OFF
Shutting off fuel supply to engine will reduce the chances of fire
resulting from impact at touchdown.
7. Bat-Alt Master Switches ...........................................................OFF
8. Ignition Switch ..........................................................................OFF
9. Fuel Pump................................................................................OFF
10. ELT ............................................................................................ ON
11. Seat Belts and Harnesses .............................................. TIGHTEN
(Continued on following page)
3-22
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
All occupants must have seat belts and shoulder harness securely
fastened.
12. Loose Items ..................................................................... SECURE
If time permits, all loose items should be secured to prevent injury
from flying objects in the cabin at touchdown.
13. Assume emergency landing body position.
The emergency landing body position is assumed by placing both
hands on the lap, clasping one wrist with the opposite hand, and
holding the upper torso erect and against the seat backs.
14. After the airplane comes to a complete stop, evacuate quickly and
move upwind.
As occupants exit the airplane, the reduced weight may allow
winds to drag the airplane further. As a result of landing impact,
the doors may jam. If the doors cannot be opened, break out the
windows with the egress hammer, located in the console between
the front seats, and crawl through the opening.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-23
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Landing Emergencies
If all attempts to restart the engine fail and a forced landing is
imminent, select a suitable field and prepare for the landing. If flight
conditions or terrain does not permit a safe landing, CAPS deployment
may be required. Refer to Section 10, Safety Information, for CAPS
deployment scenarios and landing considerations.
A suitable field should be chosen as early as possible so that
maximum time will be available to plan and execute the forced landing.
For forced landings on unprepared surfaces, use full flaps if possible.
Land on the main gear and hold the nose wheel off the ground as long
as possible. If engine power is available, before attempting an “off
airport” landing, fly over the landing area at a low but safe altitude to
inspect the terrain for obstructions and surface conditions.
• Note •
Use of full (100%) flaps will reduce glide distance. Full flaps
should not be selected until landing is assured.
Emergency Landing Without Engine Power
1. Best Glide Speed ........................................................ ESTABLISH
2. Radio............................................. Transmit (121.5 MHz) MAYDAY
giving location and intentions
3. Transponder ........................................................... SQUAWK 7700
4. If off airport, ELT ........................................................... ACTIVATE
5. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
6. Mixture ............................................................................. CUTOFF
7. Fuel Selector ............................................................................OFF
8. Ignition Switch ..........................................................................OFF
9. Fuel Pump................................................................................OFF
10. Flaps (when landing is assured) ...........................................100%
11. Master Switches.......................................................................OFF
12. Seat Belt(s) ................................................................... SECURED
3-24
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Ditching
1. Radio ............................................ Transmit (121.5 MHz) MAYDAY
giving location and intentions
2. Transponder ........................................................... SQUAWK 7700
3. CAPS ............................................................................. ACTIVATE
If available, life preservers should be donned and life raft should
be prepared for immediate evacuation upon touchdown.
Consider unlatching a door prior to assuming the emergency
landing body position in order to provide a ready escape path.
4. Airplane.........................................................................EVACUATE
It may be necessary to allow some cabin flooding to equalize
pressure on the doors. If the doors cannot be opened, break out
the windows with the egress hammer and crawl through the
opening.
5. Flotation Devices ............ INFLATE WHEN CLEAR OF AIRPLANE
Landing Without Elevator Control
The pitch trim spring cartridge is attached directly to the elevator and
provides a backup should you lose the primary elevator control
system. Set elevator trim for a 80 KIAS approach to landing.
Thereafter, do not change the trim setting until in the landing flare.
During the flare, the nose-down moment resulting from a power
reduction may cause the airplane to hit on the nosewheel. At
touchdown, bring the power lever to idle.
1. Flaps ................................................................................ SET 50%
2. Trim ............................................................................ SET 80 KIAS
3. Power ....................................AS REQUIRED FOR GLIDE ANGLE
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-25
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
System Malfunctions
Primary Flight Display System
In the unlikely event of a PFD failure, the pilot may lose the ability to
control the autopilot through the PFD controls. If this malfunction
occurs, the PFD circuit breakers may be pulled and the airplane flown
using the mechanical standby instruments. With the PFD circuit
breakers pulled, autopilot lateral control is available in GPSS steering
mode through GPS 1 and autopilot vertical control is available through
the Vertical Speed (VS) and Altitude (ALT) modes on the autopilot
head. Dim brightness level to black if PFD is found distracting.
PFD - Loss of Air Data
In the event the PFD detects a loss of air data, the affected indicator is
removed from the display and replaced with a red “X”. If loss of air data
occurs, refer to the mechanical standby instruments (altitude,
airspeed) and perform the following procedure:
1. Land as soon as practical.
2. Standby Instruments (altitude, airspeed) ....................... MONITOR
If failure occurs while flying in IMC:
3. Exit IMC.
PFD - Loss of Attitude Data
In the event the PFD detects a loss of attitude data, the affected
indicator is removed from the display and replaced with a red “X”. If
loss of attitude data occurs, refer to the mechanical standby
instruments (attitude, heading) and perform the following procedure:
1. Standby Instruments (attitude, heading) ........................ MONITOR
If failure occurs while flying in IMC:
2. Autopilot GPSS Mode .................................................... ACTIVATE
3. Autopilot Altitude Hold.................................................... ACTIVATE
4. Exit IMC.
• WARNING •
Aircraft equipped with Software Version 530-00123-000 Rev
00 or higher; Any power interruption to the PFD will result in
3-26
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
loss of attitude information until the PFD can be restarted on
the ground.
Aircraft equipped with Software Version 530-00159-000 Rev
00 or higher; When subjected to a power loss of less than 20
seconds, the PFD is capable of performing a warm start. In
this event, a “PLEASE STANDBY” message will be displayed
for 2 seconds followed by a “ATTEMPTING QUICK RESTART”
message. In the event of a power loss greater than 20
seconds, a warm start is unlikely, and the power interruption
will result in loss of attitude information until the PFD can be
restarted on the ground.
Power Lever Linkage Failure
If the Power Lever linkage fails in flight, the engine will not respond to
power lever control movements. Use power available and flaps as
required to safely land the airplane.
If the power lever is stuck at or near the full power position, proceed to
a suitable airfield. Fly a forced landing pattern. With landing assured,
shut down engine by moving mixture control full aft to CUTOFF. If
power is needed again, return mixture control to full RICH and regain
safe pattern parameters or go-around. If airspeed cannot be
controlled, shut engine down and perform the Forced Landing
checklist. After landing, bring the airplane to a stop and complete the
Emergency Engine Shutdown on Ground checklist.
If the power lever is stuck at or near the idle position and straight and
level flight cannot be maintained, establish glide to a suitable landing
surface. Fly a forced landing pattern.
1. Power Lever Movement..................................................... VERIFY
2. Power .............................................................................SET if able
3. Flaps ........................................................................ SET if needed
4. Mixture ..................................... AS REQUIRED (full rich to cut-off)
5. Land as soon as possible.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
3-27
Section 3
Emergency Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
3-28
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Table of Contents
Introduction .................................................................................. 3A-3
Abnormal Procedures Guidance .................................................. 3A-4
Ground Procedures...................................................................... 3A-5
Brake Failure During Taxi ......................................................... 3A-5
Aborted Takeoff ........................................................................ 3A-5
In-Flight Procedures..................................................................... 3A-6
Inadvertent Icing Encounter ...................................................... 3A-6
Inadvertent IMC Encounter....................................................... 3A-6
Door Open In Flight .................................................................. 3A-6
Landing Procedures ..................................................................... 3A-7
Landing With Failed Brakes ...................................................... 3A-7
Landing With Flat Tire............................................................... 3A-7
System Malfunctions .................................................................... 3A-9
Alternator Failure ...................................................................... 3A-9
Engine Indicating System Failure ........................................... 3A-11
LOW VOLTS Warning Light Illuminated ................................. 3A-11
Communications Failure ......................................................... 3A-12
Pitot Static Malfunction ........................................................... 3A-13
Electric Trim/Autopilot Failure ................................................. 3A-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3A-1
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
3A-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Introduction
This section provides procedures for handling abnormal system and/or
flight conditions which, if followed, will maintain an acceptable level of
airworthiness or reduce operational risk. The guidelines described in
this section are to be used when an abnormal condition exists and
should be considered and applied as necessary.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3A-3
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Abnormal Procedures Guidance
Although this section provides procedures for handling most abnormal
system and/or flight conditions that could arise in the SR20, it is not a
substitute for thorough knowledge of the airplane and general aviation
techniques. A thorough study of the information in this handbook while
on the ground will help you prepare for time-critical situations in the air.
Sound judgement as well as thorough knowledge of the aircraft, its
characteristics, and the flight manual procedures are essential in the
handling of any abnormal system and/or flight condition. In addition to
the outlined items in the Abnormal Procedures, the following steps are
considered part of all abnormal situations:
• Maintain Aircraft Control
• Analyze the Situation
• Take Appropriate Action
3A-4
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Ground Procedures
Brake Failure During Taxi
Ground steering is accomplished by differential braking. However,
increasing power may allow some rudder control due to increased
groundspeed and airflow over the rudder.
1. Engine Power......................................................... AS REQUIRED
• To stop airplane - REDUCE
• If necessary for steering - INCREASE
2. Directional Control ............................... MAINTAIN WITH RUDDER
3. Brake Pedal(s) ......................................................................PUMP
If directional control can not be maintained:
4. Mixture ..............................................................................CUTOFF
Aborted Takeoff
Use as much of the remaining runway as needed to safely bring the
airplane to a stop or to slow the airplane sufficiently to turn off the
runway.
1. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
2. Brakes.................................................................... AS REQUIRED
• Caution •
For maximum brake effectiveness, retract flaps, hold control
yoke full back, and bring the airplane to a stop by smooth,
even application of the brakes to avoid loss of control and/or a
blown tire.
After a high-speed aborted takeoff, brake temperatures will be
elevated; subsequent aborted takeoffs or other high-energy
use of the brakes may cause brake overheat, failure and
possibly even fire. A 25-minute cooling time is recommended
following high-energy use of the brake system before
attempting to conduct operations that may require further
high-energy braking. Brake temperature indicator should be
inspected prior to flight following a high-energy brake event
(refer to Preflight Walk-Around Checklist for detail).
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
3A-5
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
In-Flight Procedures
Inadvertent Icing Encounter
Flight into known icing conditions is prohibited. However, If icing is
inadvertently encountered:
1. Pitot Heat .................................................................................. ON
2. Exit icing conditions. Turn back or change altitude.
3. Cabin Heat .................................................................... MAXIMUM
4. Windshield Defrost ...................................................... FULL OPEN
5. Alternate Induction Air............................................................... ON
Inadvertent IMC Encounter
Upon entering IMC, a pilot who is not completely proficient in
instrument flying should rely upon the autopilot to execute a 180° turn
to exit the conditions. Immediate action should be made to turn back
as follows:
1. Airplane Control ........................Establish Straight and Level Flight
2. Autopilot ............................... Engage to hold Heading and Altitude
3. Heading.................................................. Reset to initiate 180° turn
Door Open In Flight
The doors on the SR20 will remain 1-3 inches open in flight if not
latched. If this is discovered on takeoff roll, abort takeoff if practical. If
already airborne:
1. Airspeed ...............................................REDUCE TO 80 – 90 KIAS
2. Land as soon as practical.
3A-6
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Landing Procedures
Landing With Failed Brakes
One brake inoperative
1. Land on the side of runway corresponding to the inoperative
brake.
2. Maintain directional control using rudder and working brake.
Both brakes inoperative
1. Divert to the longest, widest runway with the most direct
headwind.
2. Land on downwind side of the runway.
3. Use the rudder for obstacle avoidance.
• Note •
Rudder effectiveness will decrease with decreasing airspeed.
4. Perform Emergency Engine Shutdown on Ground checklist.
Landing With Flat Tire
If a flat tire or tread separation occurs during takeoff and you cannot
abort, land as soon as conditions permit.
Main Gear
1. Land on the side of the runway corresponding to the good tire.
2. Maintain directional control with the brakes and rudder.
3. Do not taxi. Stop the airplane and perform a normal engine
shutdown.
Nose Gear
1. Land in the center of the runway.
2. Hold the nosewheel off the ground as long as possible.
3. Do not taxi. Stop the airplane and perform a normal engine
shutdown.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3A-7
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
AMMETER
BAT 1
ALT 1
ALT 2
BATT
MAIN DISTRIBUTION
BUS
ALT 1
ESSENTIAL
DISTRIBUTION BUS
ALT 2
BAT 2
NON-ESSENTIAL
SKYWATCH/
TAWS
MAIN BUS 2
FUEL PUMP
GPS 2
TURN
COORD. #2
COM 2
ATTITUDE #2
ENCODER/
XPONDER
HSI/PFD #2
WEATHER/
STORMSCOPE
ESSENTIAL
ANNUN/ENGINE INST
TURN
COORD. #1
ATTITUDE #1
HSI/PFD #1
ALT 1
STALL
WARNING
CABIN
LIGHTS
BATTERY 2
MFD
ALT 2
AUDIO
PANEL
ESSENTIAL
POWER
STARTER
RELAY
PITOT HEAT/
COOLING FAN
AVIONICS
FUEL QTY/HOBBS
INST
LIGHTS
12VDC
OUTLET
AUTOPILOT
AVIONICS
PITCH TRIM
STROBE
LIGHTS
ROLL TRIM
NAV LIGHTS
COM 1
ICE PROTECTION
FLAPS
GPS 1
MAIN BUS 1
NON-ESSENTIAL
ESSENTIAL
FAN
COMPRESSOR/
CONTROL
A/C 2
CONDENSER
A/C 1
NOTE
Serials 1633, 1639 & subs with optional Blower Fan installed.
SR20_FM03_1453E
3A-8
Figure 3A-1
Electrical Power Distribution (Simplified)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
System Malfunctions
Alternator Failure
Steady illumination of either ALT caution light in the annunciator panel
indicates a failure of the corresponding alternator. The most likely the
cause of the alternator failure is a wiring fault, a malfunctioning
alternator, or a malfunctioning control unit. Usually, electrical power
malfunctions are accompanied by an excessive rate of charge or a
discharge rate shown on the ammeter.
• Caution •
Alternators in this airplane are self-exciting. These alternators
require battery power for alternator starting; however, once
started, the alternators will provide self-generated field power
to continue operation in case of a battery failure. To assure
alternator restart power is available if the alternators fail, the
batteries should not be turned off during flight.
Serials 1005 thru 1581: A flashing ALT 1 light indicates an excessive
charging rate. This could occur with a very low BAT 1 and heavy
equipment loads. Since the loads on ALT 2 are much lower, it is
unlikely that a flashing ALT 2 light could occur, even with a very low
BAT 2.
The Power Distribution Schematic shows the electrical system power
distribution. Individual loads on each circuit breaker panel bus are
shown in the same order as they are on the panel. Note that items on
the circuit breaker panel Essential buses are powered from ALT 1, ALT
2, BAT 1, and BAT 2. The circuit breaker panel Main buses and NonEssential buses are powered from ALT 1 and BAT 1 only.
• Note •
If it is necessary to reduce electrical loads due to an alternator
malfunction, switch off electrical components and/or systems
that are not essential for the current flight conditions rather
than pulling circuit breakers. Load shedding in this manner will
prevent accidental circuit breaker disconnection and loss of
power to flight-critical systems. See Figure Electrical Power
Distribution, for details on electrical busses and what
components/systems they power.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
3A-9
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
ALT 1 Light Steady
Steady illumination indicates a failure of ALT 1. Attempt to bring
alternator back on line. If alternator cannot be brought back, reduce
loads and use Main Bus or Non-Essential loads only as necessary for
flight conditions.
1. ALT 1 Master Switch ................................................................OFF
2. Alternator 1 Circuit Breaker............................ CHECK and RESET
3. ALT 1 Master Switch ................................................................. ON
If alternator does not reset:
4. Switch off unnecessary equipment on Main Bus 1, Main Bus 2,
and the Non-Essential Buses to reduce loads. Monitor voltage.
5. ALT 1 Master Switch ................................................................OFF
6. Land as soon as practical.
ALT 1 Light Flashing
Serials 1005 thru 1581: The most likely cause is a severely discharged
battery along with heavy equipment loads. In this event, reduce loads
on Main and Non-Essential buses and monitor amperage until
charging rate is within normal limits. Then loads can be added as
required.
1. Ammeter Switch ..................................................................... BATT
2. If charging rate is greater than 30 amps, reduce load on Main Bus
1, Main Bus 2, and Non-Essential buses.
3. Monitor ammeter until battery charge rate is less than 15 amps.
4. When battery charge rate is within limits, add loads as necessary
for flight conditions.
ALT 2 Light Steady
Except during low RPM operations, steady illumination indicates a
failure of ALT 2. If alternator cannot be brought back, Essential bus
loads will be powered from ALT 1, BAT 1, and BAT 2.
• Note •
ALT 2 light will illuminate steady and ALT 2 will not come on
line until 1700 - 2200 RPM.
1. ALT 2 Master Switch ................................................................OFF
3A-10
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
2. Alternator 2 Circuit Breaker ........................... CHECK and RESET
3. ALT 2 Master Switch ..................................................................ON
If alternator does not reset:
4. Switch off unnecessary equipment on Main Bus 1, Main Bus 2,
and Non-Essential Buses to reduce loads.
5. ALT 2 Master Switch ................................................................ OFF
6. Land as soon as practical.
Engine Indicating System Failure
Serials 1582 and Subsequent: In the event of an Data Acquisition Unit
(DAU) failure, the engine indications displayed on the MFD and PFD
will be disabled. Numeric readouts will display as three white dashes,
the CHT and EGT bar graphs will be removed, and indicator needles
displayed on the simulated gages will be removed.
In the event of DAU failure, pull and reset the ANNUN / ENGINE INST
circuit breaker. If the engine indicating system fails to resest, land as
soon as practical.
1. ANNUN / ENGINE INST Circuit Breaker ............................... Cycle
2. Land as soon as practical.
LOW VOLTS Warning Light Illuminated
Illumination of the LOW VOLTS light indicates that the voltage
measured at the Essential Bus is 24.5 volts or less. Typically, this
indicates that the airplane is operating on battery power only and both
alternators have failed or are off. If both alternators have failed:
1. Land as soon as practical.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3A-11
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Communications Failure
Communications failure can occur for a variety of reasons. If, after
following the checklist procedure, communication is not restored,
proceed with FAR/AIM lost communications procedures.
• Note •
In the event of an audio panel power failure the audio panel
connects COM 1 to the pilot’s headset and speakers. Setting
the audio panel ‘Off’ will also connect COM 1 to the pilot’s
headsets and speakers.
1. Switches, Controls ............................................................. CHECK
2. Frequency ....................................................................... CHANGE
3. Circuit Breakers.................................................................. CHECK
4. Headset........................................................................... CHANGE
5. Hand Held Microphone ................................................. CONNECT
3A-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Pitot Static Malfunction
Static Source Blocked
If erroneous readings of the static source instruments (airspeed,
altimeter and vertical speed) are suspected, the alternate static source
valve, on side of console near pilot’s right ankle, should be opened to
supply static pressure from the cabin to these instruments.
• Note •
If selecting the alternate static source does not work, in an
emergency, cabin pressure can be supplied to the static
pressure instruments by breaking the glass in the face of the
vertical speed indicator. When static pressure is supplied
through the vertical speed indicator, the vertical speed UPDOWN indications will be reversed (i.e., the needle will
indicate UP for descent and DOWN for climb).
With the alternate static source on, adjust indicated airspeed slightly
during climb or approach according to the Airspeed Calibration
(Alternate Static Source) table in Section 5 as appropriate for vent/
heater configuration.
1. Pitot Heat ...................................................................................ON
2. Alternate Static Source ......................................................... OPEN
Pitot Tube Blocked
If only the airspeed indicator is providing erroneous information, and in
icing conditions, the most probable cause is pitot ice. If setting Pitot
Heat ON does not correct the problem, descend to warmer air. If an
approach must be made with a blocked Pitot tube, use known pitch
and power settings and the GPS groundspeed indicator, taking
surface winds into account.
1. Pitot Heat ...................................................................................ON
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
3A-13
Section 3A
Abnormal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Electric Trim/Autopilot Failure
Any failure or malfunction of the electric trim or autopilot can be overridden by use of the control yoke. If runaway trim is the problem, deenergize the circuit by pulling the circuit breaker (PITCH TRIM, ROLL
TRIM, or AUTOPILOT) and land as soon as conditions permit.
1. Airplane Control ......................................... MAINTAIN MANUALLY
2. Autopilot (if engaged) .....................................................Disengage
If Problem Is Not Corrected:
3. Circuit Breakers................................................ PULL AS Required
• PITCH TRIM
• ROLL TRIM
• AUTOPILOT
4. Power Lever ........................................................... AS REQUIRED
5. Control Yoke ................................. MANUALLY HOLD PRESSURE
6. Land as soon as practical.
3A-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 4-3
Airspeeds for Normal Operation ..................................................... 4-4
Normal Procedures ......................................................................... 4-5
Preflight Inspection ......................................................................4-5
Preflight Walk-Around .................................................................. 4-6
Before Starting Engine............................................................... 4-10
Starting Engine .......................................................................... 4-11
Before Taxiing............................................................................ 4-13
Taxiing ....................................................................................... 4-13
Before Takeoff ........................................................................... 4-14
Takeoff....................................................................................... 4-16
Normal Takeoff .......................................................................... 4-17
Short Field Takeoff .................................................................... 4-17
Climb.......................................................................................... 4-18
Cruise ........................................................................................ 4-19
Cruise Leaning........................................................................... 4-20
Descent...................................................................................... 4-21
Before Landing .......................................................................... 4-21
Landing ...................................................................................... 4-21
Balked Landing/Go-Around ....................................................... 4-22
After Landing ............................................................................. 4-23
Shutdown................................................................................... 4-23
Stalls .......................................................................................... 4-24
Environmental Considerations ...................................................... 4-25
Cold Weather Operation ............................................................ 4-25
Hot Weather Operation.............................................................. 4-27
Noise Characteristics/Abatement.................................................. 4-28
Fuel Conservation ......................................................................... 4-29
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Revision A7
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Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
4-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Introduction
This section provides amplified procedures for normal operation.
Normal procedures associated with optional systems can be found in
Section 9.
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard
configuration: The airplane is equipped with a single
alternator, dual battery electrical system. References to
Alternator 2 in the following section do not apply.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
4-3
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airspeeds for Normal Operation
Unless otherwise noted, the following speeds are based on a
maximum weight of 3000 lb. and may be used for any lesser weight.
However, to achieve the performance specified in Section 5 for takeoff
distance, the speed appropriate to the particular weight must be used.
Takeoff Rotation:
• Normal, Flaps 50% ........................................................67 KIAS
• Short Field, Flaps 50% ..................................................65 KIAS
• Obstacle Clearance, Flaps 50% ....................................75 KIAS
Enroute Climb, Flaps Up:
• Normal, SL ..................................................................105 KIAS
• Normal, 10,000’ .............................................................95 KIAS
• Best Rate of Climb, SL ..................................................96 KIAS
• Best Rate of Climb, 10,000’ ...........................................91 KIAS
• Best Angle of Climb, SL.................................................81 KIAS
• Best Angle of Climb, 10,000’ .........................................85 KIAS
Landing Approach:
• Normal Approach, Flaps Up ..........................................85 KIAS
• Normal Approach, Flaps 50% .......................................80 KIAS
• Normal Approach, Flaps 100% .....................................75 KIAS
• Short Field, Flaps 100% ................................................75 KIAS
Go-Around, Flaps 50%:
• Full Power......................................................................75 KIAS
Maximum Recommended Turbulent Air Penetration:
• 3000 Lb........................................................................131 KIAS
• 2600 Lb........................................................................122 KIAS
• 2200 Lb........................................................................111 KIAS
Maximum Demonstrated Crosswind Velocity:
• Takeoff or Landing ........................................................21 Knots
4-4
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Normal Procedures
Preflight Inspection
Before carrying out preflight inspections, ensure that all required
maintenance has been accomplished. Review your flight plan and
compute weight and balance.
• Note •
Throughout the walk-around: check all hinges, hinge pins, and
bolts for security; check skin for damage, condition, and
evidence of delamination; check all control surfaces for proper
movement and excessive free play; check area around liquid
reservoirs and lines for evidence of leaking.
In cold weather, remove all frost, ice, or snow from fuselage,
wing, stabilizers and control surfaces. Ensure that control
surfaces are free of internal ice or debris. Check that wheel
fairings are free of snow and ice accumulation. Check that
pitot probe warms within 30 seconds of setting Pitot Heat to
ON.
6
3
5
4
7
2
1
8
13
9
10
11
12
SR20_FM04_1001
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 4-1
Walk-Around
4-5
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Preflight Walk-Around
1. Cabin
a. Required Documents................................................ On Board
b.
Avionics Power Switch.......................................................OFF
c.
Bat 2 Master Switch ........................................................... ON
d. PFD - Serials 1337 and subsequent with PFD .......... Verify On
e. Avionics Cooling Fan .................................................... Audible
f.
Voltmeter ................................................................ 23-25 Volts
g. Flap Position Light ........................................................... OUT
h. Bat 1 Master Switch............................................................ ON
i.
Lights ............................................................. Check Operation
j.
Stall Warning .................................................................... Test
• Note •
Test stall warning system by applying suction to the stall
warning system inlet and noting the warning horn sounds.
k.
Fuel Quantity .................................................................Check
l.
Fuel Selector ..............................................Select Fullest Tank
m. Flaps.................................................... 100%, Check Light ON
n. Oil Annunciator .................................................................... On
o.
Bat 1 and 2 Master Switches.............................................OFF
p.
Alternate Static Source............................................. NORMAL
q. Circuit Breakers .................................................................... IN
r.
Fire Extinguisher ..................................Charged and Available
s.
Emergency Egress Hammer ......................................Available
t.
CAPS Handle .................................................... Pin Removed
2. Left Fuselage
a. Door Lock ...................................................................... Unlock
4-6
b.
COM 1 Antenna (top) ..................... Condition and Attachment
c.
Wing/Fuselage Fairing....................................................Check
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
d. COM 2 Antenna (underside) ...........Condition and Attachment
e. Baggage Door ........................................... Closed and Secure
f.
Static Button .............................................. Check for Blockage
g. Parachute Cover........................................ Sealed and Secure
3. Empennage
a. Tiedown Rope .............................................................Remove
b.
Horizontal and Vertical Stabilizers............................. Condition
• Note •
Verify tape covering the forward and aft inspection holes
located on outboard ends of horizontal stabilizer is installed
and securely attached.
c.
Elevator and Tab............................... Condition and Movement
d. Rudder.................................................. Freedom of Movement
e. Rudder Trim Tab ...................................Condition and Security
f.
Attachment hinges, bolts and cotter pins ......................Secure
4. Right Fuselage
a. Static Button .............................................. Check for Blockage
b.
Wing/Fuselage Fairings.................................................. Check
c.
Door Lock ...................................................................... Unlock
5. Right Wing Trailing Edge
a. Flap and Rub Strips (if installed) ..........Condition and Security
b.
Aileron and Tab ................................ Condition and Movement
c.
Hinges, actuation arm, bolts, and cotter pins ................Secure
6. Right Wing Tip
a. Tip .......................................................................... Attachment
b.
Strobe, Nav Light and Lens ..................Condition and Security
c.
Fuel Vent (underside) ..........................................Unobstructed
7. Right Wing Forward and Main Gear
a. Leading Edge and Stall Strips ................................... Condition
(Continued on following page)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
4-7
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
b.
Fuel Cap ....................................... Check Quantity and Secure
c.
Fuel Drains (2 underside) ............................ Drain and Sample
d. Wheel Fairings...................... Security, Accumulation of Debris
e. Tire ............................................Condition, Inflation, and Wear
• Caution •
Serials 1005 through 1592 after Service Bulletin SB 2X-32-14
and airplane serials 1593 and subsequent: Clean and inspect
temperature indicator installed to piston housing. If indicator
center is black, the brake assembly has been overheated. The
brake linings must be inspected and O-rings replaced.
f.
Wheel and Brakes ....... Fluid Leaks, Evidence of Overheating,
General Condition, and Security.
g. Chocks and Tiedown Ropes........................................Remove
h. Cabin Air Vent..................................................... Unobstructed
8. Nose, Right Side
a. Cowling .................................................... Attachments Secure
b.
Exhaust Pipe ....................Condition, Security, and Clearance
c.
Transponder Antenna (underside) .. Condition and Attachment
d. Gascolator (underside) ................Drain for 3 seconds, Sample
9. Nose gear, Propeller, and Spinner
• WARNING •
Keep clear of propeller rotation plane. Do not allow others to
approach propeller.
a. Tow Bar........................................................Remove and Stow
b.
Strut ...........................................................................Condition
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard
configuration: The airplane is not equipped with a nose wheel
fairing.
c.
Wheel Fairing........................ Security, Accumulation of Debris
d. Wheel and Tire ..........................Condition, Inflation, and Wear
4-8
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
e. Propeller ........................... Condition (indentations, nicks, etc.)
f.
Spinner ............................... Condition, Security, and Oil Leaks
g. Air Inlets ..............................................................Unobstructed
h. Alternator Belt........................................Condition and Tension
10. Nose, Left Side
a. Landing Light............................................................. Condition
b.
Engine Oil......... Check 6-8 quarts, Leaks, Cap & Door Secure
c.
Cowling.....................................................Attachments Secure
d. External Power ..................................................... Door Secure
e. Exhaust Pipe .....................Condition, Security, and Clearance
11. Left Main Gear and Forward Wing
a. Wheel fairings....................... Security, Accumulation of Debris
b.
Tire ............................................Condition, Inflation, and Wear
• Caution •
Serials 1005 through 1592 after Service Bulletin SB 2X-32-14
and airplane serials 1593 and subsequent: Clean and inspect
temperature indicator installed to piston housing. If indicator
center is black, the brake assembly has been overheated. The
brake linings must be inspected and O-rings replaced.
c.
Wheel and Brakes ....... Fluid Leaks, Evidence of Overheating,
General Condition, and Security.
d. Chocks and Tiedown Ropes........................................Remove
e. Fuel Drains (2 underside) ............................ Drain and Sample
f.
Cabin Air Vent......................................................Unobstructed
g. Fuel Cap....................................... Check Quantity and Secure
h. Leading Edge and Stall Strips ................................... Condition
12. Left Wing Tip
a. Fuel Vent (underside) ..........................................Unobstructed
b.
Pitot Mast (underside) ................. Cover Removed, Tube Clear
c.
Strobe, Nav Light and Lens ..................Condition and Security
(Continued on following page)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
4-9
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
d. Tip ..........................................................................Attachment
13. Left Wing Trailing Edge
a. Flap And Rub Strips (If installed)..........Condition and Security
b.
Aileron .................................................. Freedom of movement
c.
Hinges, actuation arm, bolts, and cotter pins ............... Secure
Before Starting Engine
1. Preflight Inspection .................................................. COMPLETED
• WARNING •
Ensure that the airplane is properly loaded and within the
AFM’s weight and balance limitations prior to takeoff.
2. Weight and Balance ............................................Verify within limits
3. Emergency Equipment.................................................ON BOARD
4. Passengers ..................................................................... BRIEFED
• Note •
Ensure all the passengers have been fully briefed on smoking,
the use of the seat belts, doors, emergency exits, egress
hammer, and CAPS.
Verify CAPS handle safety pin is removed.
5. Seats, Seat Belts, and Harnesses ................ADJUST & SECURE
• Caution •
Crew seats must be locked in position and control handles
fully down before flight. Ensure seat belt harnesses are not
twisted.
4-10
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Starting Engine
If the engine is warm, no priming is required. For the first start of the
day and in cold conditions, prime will be necessary.
Weak intermittent firing followed by puffs of black smoke from the
exhaust stack indicates over-priming or flooding. Excess fuel can be
cleared from the combustion chambers by the following procedure:
• Turn fuel pump off.
• Allow fuel to drain from intake tubes.
• Set the mixture control full lean and the power lever full open.
• Crank the engine through several revolutions with the starter.
• When engine starts, release ignition switch, retard power lever,
and slowly advance the mixture control to FULL RICH position.
If the engine is under-primed, especially with a cold soaked engine, it
will not fire, and additional priming will be necessary. As soon as the
cylinders begin to fire, open the power lever slightly to keep it running.
Refer to Cold Weather Operation in this section or additional
information regarding cold weather operations.
• WARNING •
If airplane will be started using external power, keep all
personnel and power unit cables well clear of the propeller
rotation plane.
• Caution •
Alternators should be left OFF during engine starting to avoid
high electrical loads.
After starting, if the oil gage does not begin to show pressure
within 30 seconds in warm weather and about 60 seconds in
very cold weather, shut down engine and investigate cause.
Lack of oil pressure indicates loss of lubrication, which can
cause severe engine damage.
1. External Power (If applicable) ....................................... CONNECT
2. Brakes .................................................................................. HOLD
3. Bat Master Switches ........................................... ON (Check Volts)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
4-11
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
4. Strobe Lights ............................................................................. ON
5. Mixture ......................................................................... FULL RICH
6. Power Lever ........................................................FULL FORWARD
7. Fuel Pump..................................................... PRIME, then BOOST
• Note •
On first start of the day, especially under cool ambient
conditions, holding Fuel Pump switch to PRIME for 2 seconds
will improve starting.
8. Propeller Area ..................................................................... CLEAR
9. Power Lever ........................................................... OPEN ¼ INCH
10. Ignition Switch ....................... START (Release after engine starts)
• Caution •
Limit cranking to intervals of 20 seconds with a 20 second
cooling period between cranks. This will improve battery and
contactor life.
11. Power Lever ..............................RETARD (to maintain 1000 RPM)
12. Oil Pressure ....................................................................... CHECK
13. Alt Master Switches .................................................................. ON
14. Avionics Power Switch .............................................................. ON
15. Engine Parameters ........................................................ MONITOR
16. External Power (If applicable) ................................. DISCONNECT
17. Amp Meter/Indication ......................................................... CHECK
4-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Before Taxiing
1. Flaps ................................................................................. UP (0%)
2. Radios/Avionics ..................................................... AS REQUIRED
3. Cabin Heat/Defrost ............................................... AS REQUIRED
4. Fuel Selector...........................................................SWITCH TANK
Taxiing
When taxiing, directional control is accomplished with rudder
deflection and intermittent braking (toe taps) as necessary. Use only
as much power as is necessary to achieve forward movement.
Deceleration or taxi speed control using brakes but without a reduction
in power will result in increased brake temperature. Taxi over loose
gravel at low engine speed to avoid damage to the propeller tips.
• WARNING •
Maximum continuous engine speed for taxiing is 1000 RPM
on flat, smooth, hard surfaces. Power settings slightly above
1000 RPM are permissible to start motion, for turf, soft
surfaces, and on inclines. Use minimum power to maintain taxi
speed.
If the 1000 RPM taxi power limit and proper braking
procedures are not observed, the brake system may overheat
and result in brake damage or brake fire.
1. Parking Brake ............................................................DISENGAGE
2. Brakes................................................................................ CHECK
3. Directional Gyro/HSI Orientation ....................................... CHECK
4. Attitude Gyro ...................................................................... CHECK
5. Turn Coordinator ............................................................... CHECK
P/N 11934-003
Revision A6
4-13
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Before Takeoff
During cold weather operations, the engine should be properly
warmed up before takeoff. In most cases this is accomplished when
the oil temperature has reached at least 100° F (38° C). In warm or hot
weather, precautions should be taken to avoid overheating during
prolonged ground engine operation. Additionally, long periods of idling
may cause fouled spark plugs.
• WARNING •
Do not takeoff with frost, ice, snow, or other contamination on
the fuselage, wing, stabilizers, and control surfaces.
1. Doors ..............................................................................LATCHED
2. CAPS Handle ................................................. Verify Pin Removed
3. Seat Belts and Shoulder Harness.................................... SECURE
4. Fuel Quantity.................................................................. CONFIRM
5. Fuel Selector ......................................................... FULLEST TANK
6. Fuel Pump................................................................................. ON
7. Flaps ...............................................................SET 50% & CHECK
8. Transponder ............................................................................. SET
9. Autopilot ............................................................................. CHECK
10. Navigation Radios/GPS ......................................... SET for Takeoff
11. Cabin Heat/Defrost ................................................ AS REQUIRED
12. Brakes ................................................................................... HOLD
13. Power Lever ................................................................... 1700 RPM
14. Alternator ........................................................................... CHECK
a. Pitot Heat............................................................................ ON
b.
Navigation Lights ................................................................ ON
c.
Landing Light ...................................................................... ON
d. Annunciator Lights....................................................... CHECK
• Verify both ALT 1 and ALT 2 caution lights out and positive
amps indication for each alternator. If necessary, increase RPM
4-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
to extinguish ALT 2 caution light. ALT 2 caution light should go
out below 2200 RPM.
15. Voltage ............................................................................... CHECK
16. Pitot Heat ............................................................... AS REQUIRED
• Note •
Pitot Heat should be turned ON for flight into IMC, flight into
visible moisture, or whenever ambient temperatures are 41° F
(5° C) or less.
17. Navigation Lights ................................................... AS REQUIRED
18. Landing Light ......................................................... AS REQUIRED
19. Magnetos .................................................... CHECK Left and Right
a. Ignition Switch ..................................R, note RPM, then BOTH
b.
Ignition Switch .................................. L, note RPM, then BOTH
• Note •
RPM drop must not exceed 150 RPM for either magneto. RPM
differential must not exceed 75 RPM between magnetos. If
there is a doubt concerning operation of the ignition system,
RPM checks at higher engine speeds will usually confirm
whether a deficiency exists.
An absence of RPM drop may indicate faulty grounding of one
side of the ignition system or magneto timing set in advance of
the specified setting.
20. Engine Parameters ............................................................ CHECK
21. Power Lever ................................................................... 1000 RPM
22. Flight Instruments, HSI, and Altimeter .................... CHECK & SET
23. Flight Controls................................................. FREE & CORRECT
24. Trim ..............................................................................SET Takeoff
25. Autopilot .................................................................. DISCONNECT
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
4-15
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Takeoff
• Note •
The engine is equipped with an altitude compensating fuel
pump that automatically provides the proper full rich mixture.
Because of this, the mixture should be left full rich for takeoff,
even at high altitude airfields.
Power Check: Check full-throttle engine operation early in takeoff run.
The engine should run smoothly and turn approximately 2700 RPM.
All engine parameters should read in the green. Discontinue takeoff at
any sign of rough operation or sluggish acceleration. Make a thorough
full-throttle static runup before attempting another takeoff.
For takeoff over a gravel surface, advance Power Lever slowly. This
allows the airplane to start rolling before high RPM is developed, and
gravel will be blown behind the propeller rather than pulled into it.
Flap Settings: Normal and short field takeoffs are accomplished with
flaps set at 50%. Takeoffs using 0% are permissible, however, no
performance data is available for takeoffs in the flaps up configuration.
Takeoffs with 100% flaps are not approved.
Soft or rough field takeoffs are performed with 50% flaps by lifting the
airplane off the ground as soon as practical in a tail-low attitude. If no
obstacles are ahead, the airplane should be leveled off immediately to
accelerate to a higher climb speed.
Takeoffs into strong crosswinds are normally performed with the flaps
set at 50% to minimize the drift angle immediately after takeoff. With
the ailerons fully deflected into the wind, accelerate the airplane to a
speed slightly higher than normal while decreasing the aileron
deflection as speed increases then - with authority - rotate to prevent
possibly settling back to the runway while drifting. When clear of the
ground, make a coordinated turn into the wind to correct for drift.
• Note •
Fuel BOOST should be left ON during takeoff and for climb as
required for vapor suppression with hot or warm fuel.
4-16
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Normal Takeoff
1. Brakes.................................... RELEASE (Steer with Rudder Only)
2. Power Lever ........................................................ FULL FORWARD
3. Engine Parameters ............................................................ CHECK
4. Elevator Control ........................ ROTATE Smoothly at 65-70 KIAS
5. At 85 KIAS, Flaps....................................................................... UP
Short Field Takeoff
1. Flaps ........................................................................................ 50%
2. Brakes .................................................................................. HOLD
3. Power Lever ........................................................ FULL FORWARD
4. Engine Parameters ............................................................ CHECK
5. Brakes.................................... RELEASE (Steer with Rudder Only)
6. Elevator Control ............................. ROTATE Smoothly at 65 KIAS
7. Airspeed at Obstacle ......................................................... 75 KIAS
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
4-17
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Climb
Normal climbs are performed flaps UP (0%) and full power at speeds 5
to 10 knots higher than best rate-of-climb speeds. These higher
speeds give the best combination of performance, visibility and engine
cooling.
For maximum rate of climb, use the best rate-of-climb speeds shown
in the rate-of-climb chart in Section 5. If an obstruction dictates the use
of a steep climb angle, the best angle-of-climb speed should be used.
Climbs at speeds lower than the best rate-of-climb speed should be of
short duration to avoid engine-cooling problems.
• Note •
The engine is equipped with an altitude compensating fuel
pump that automatically provides the proper full rich mixture
for climb. The mixture for climb should be left full rich.
1. Climb Power ............................................................................. SET
2. Flaps ................................................................................ Verify UP
3. Mixture ......................................................................... FULL RICH
4. Engine Parameters ............................................................ CHECK
5. Fuel Pump................................................................................OFF
• Note •
Fuel BOOST should be left ON during takeoff and for climb as
required for vapor suppression with hot or warm fuel.
4-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cruise
Normal cruising is performed between 55% and 75% power. The
engine power setting and corresponding fuel consumption for various
altitudes and temperatures can be determined by using the cruise data
in Section 5.
The selection of cruise altitude is made on the basis of the most
favorable wind conditions and the use of low power settings. These
significant factors should be considered on every trip to reduce fuel
consumption.
• Note •
For engine break-in, cruise at a minimum of 75% power until
the engine has been operated for at least 25 hours or until oil
consumption has stabilized. Operation at this higher power will
ensure proper seating of the rings, is applicable to new
engines, and engines in service following cylinder
replacement or top overhaul of one or more cylinders.
1. Fuel Pump ............................................................................... OFF
• Note •
The Fuel Pump may be used for vapor suppression during
cruise.
2. Cruise Power............................................................................ SET
3. Mixture ................................................................LEAN as required
4. Engine Parameters ........................................................ MONITOR
• Note •
Fuel BOOST must be used for switching from one tank to
another. Failures to activate the Fuel Pump before transfer
could result in delayed restart if the engine should quit due to
fuel starvation.
5. Fuel Flow and Balance .................................................. MONITOR
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Revision A5
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Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cruise Leaning
The engine is equipped with an altitude compensating fuel pump that
automatically provides the proper full rich mixture. Because of this, the
mixture should be set to full rich to allow the aneroid to provide auto
leaning for the engine during all flight conditions. If additional cruise
leaning beyond that provided by the aneroid is desired, be advised that
there may not be a 75° temperature rise from full rich to peak. This is
acceptable provided the airplane is at 75% power or less and engine
temperatures are within limits.
• Caution •
If moving the mixture control from the full rich position only
decreases the EGT from the full rich value, place the mixture
control back in the full forward position and have the fuel
system serviced.
• Note •
Serials 1337 thru 1581 with SRV standard configuration: The
airplane is not equipped with an EGT/CHT gage. To lean the
engine for cruise, pull the mixture lever towards CUTOFF until
engine runs rough and then push the mixture lever towards
FULL RICH until engine operation smooths out.
Exhaust gas temperature (EGT) may be used as an aid for mixture
leaning in cruise flight. For “Best Power” use 75% power or less.
For “Best Economy” use 65% power or less. To adjust the mixture,
lean to establish the peak EGT as a reference point and then adjust
the mixture by the desired increment based on the following table:
Mixture Description
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Best Power
75° F Rich Of Peak EGT
Best Economy
50° F Lean Of Peak EGT
Under some conditions, engine roughness may occur while operating
at best economy. If this occurs, enrich mixture as required to smooth
engine operation. Any change in altitude or Power Lever position will
require a recheck of EGT indication.
4-20
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Descent
1. Altimeter................................................................................... SET
2. Cabin Heat/Defrost ................................................ AS REQUIRED
3. Landing Light .............................................................................ON
4. Fuel System ....................................................................... CHECK
5. Mixture ................................................................... AS REQUIRED
6. Brake Pressure .................................................................. CHECK
Before Landing
1. Seat Belt and Shoulder Harness ..................................... SECURE
2. Fuel Pump ......................................................................... BOOST
3. Mixture ......................................................................... FULL RICH
4. Flaps ...................................................................... AS REQUIRED
5. Autopilot ................................................................. AS REQUIRED
Landing
• Caution •
Landings should be made with full flaps. Landings with less
than full flaps are recommended only if the flaps fail to deploy
or to extend the aircraft’s glide distance due to engine
malfunction. Landings with flaps at 50% or 0%; power should
be used to achieve a normal glidepath and low descent rate.
Flare should be minimized.
Normal Landing
Normal landings are made with full flaps with power on or off. Surface
winds and air turbulence are usually the primary factors in determining
the most comfortable approach speeds.
Actual touchdown should be made with power off and on the main
wheels first to reduce the landing speed and subsequent need for
braking. Gently lower the nose wheel to the runway after airplane
speed has diminished. This is especially important for rough or soft
field landings.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
4-21
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Short Field Landing
For a short field landing in smooth air conditions, make an approach at
75 KIAS with full flaps using enough power to control the glide path
(slightly higher approach speeds should be used under turbulent air
conditions). After all approach obstacles are cleared, progressively
reduce power and maintain the approach speed by lowering the nose
of the airplane. Touchdown should be made power-off and on the main
wheels first. Immediately after touchdown, lower the nose wheel and
apply braking as required. For maximum brake effectiveness, retract
the flaps, hold the control yoke full back, and apply maximum brake
pressure without skidding.
Crosswind Landing
Normal crosswind landings are made with full flaps. Avoid prolonged
slips. After touchdown, hold a straight course with rudder and brakes
as required.
The maximum allowable crosswind velocity is dependent upon pilot
capability as well as aircraft limitations. Operation in direct crosswinds
of 21 knots has been demonstrated.
Balked Landing/Go-Around
In a balked landing (go-around) climb, disengage autopilot, apply full
power, then reduce the flap setting to 50%. If obstacles must be
cleared during the go-around, climb at the best angle of climb with
50% flaps. After clearing any obstacles, retract the flaps and
accelerate to the normal flaps-up climb speed.
1. Autopilot .....................................................................DISENGAGE
2. Power Lever ........................................................FULL FORWARD
3. Flaps ........................................................................................50%
4. Airspeed .........................BEST ANGLE OF CLIMB (81 – 83 KIAS)
After clear of obstacles:
5. Flaps ......................................................................................... UP
4-22
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
After Landing
1. Power Lever ................................................................... 1000 RPM
2. Fuel Pump ............................................................................... OFF
3. Flaps .......................................................................................... UP
4. Transponder ...........................................................................STBY
5. Lights ..................................................................... AS REQUIRED
6. Pitot Heat ................................................................................. OFF
• Note •
As the airplane slows the rudder becomes less effective and
taxiing is accomplished using differential braking.
Shutdown
1. Fuel Pump (if used) ................................................................ OFF
2. Throttle.................................................................................... IDLE
3. Ignition Switch..................................................................... CYCLE
• Caution •
Note that the engine hesitates as the switch cycles through
the "OFF" position. If the engine does not hesitate, one or both
magnetos are not grounded. Prominently mark the propeller
as being "Hot," and contact maintenance personnel
immediately
4. Mixture ..............................................................................CUTOFF
5. All Switches ............................................................................. OFF
6. Magnetos ................................................................................. OFF
7. ELT........................................................... TRANSMIT LIGHT OUT
• Note •
After a hard landing, the ELT may activate. If this is suspected,
press the RESET button.
8. Chocks, Tie-downs, Pitot Covers ........................... AS REQUIRED
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
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Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Stalls
SR20 stall characteristics are conventional. Power-off stalls may be
accompanied by a slight nose bobbing if full aft stick is held. Power-on
stalls are marked by a high sink rate at full aft stick. Power-off stall
speeds at maximum weight for both forward and aft C.G. positions are
presented in Section 5 – Performance Data.
When practicing stalls at altitude, as the airspeed is slowly reduced,
you will notice a slight airframe buffet and hear the stall speed warning
horn sound between 5 and 10 knots before the stall. Normally, the stall
is marked by a gentle nose drop and the wings can easily be held level
or in the bank with coordinated use of the ailerons and rudder. Upon
stall warning in flight, recovery is accomplished by immediately by
reducing back pressure to maintain safe airspeed, adding power if
necessary and rolling wings level with coordinated use of the controls.
• WARNING •
Extreme care must be taken to avoid uncoordinated,
accelerated or abused control inputs when close to the stall,
especially when close to the ground.
4-24
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Environmental Considerations
Cold Weather Operation
Starting
If the engine has been cold soaked, it is recommended that the
propeller be pulled through by hand several times to break loose or
limber the oil. This procedure will reduce power draw on the battery if a
battery start is made.
When the engine has been exposed to temperatures at or below 20°
Fahrenheit (-7° C) for a period of two hours or more, the use of an
external pre-heater and external power is recommended. Failure to
properly preheat a cold-soaked engine may result in oil congealing
within the engine, oil hoses, and oil cooler with subsequent loss of oil
flow, possible internal damage to the engine, and subsequent engine
failure.
If the engine does not start during the first few attempts, or if engine
firing diminishes in strength, the spark plugs have probably frosted
over. Preheat must be used before another start is attempted.
• WARNING •
If airplane will be started using external power, keep all
personnel and power unit cables well clear of the propeller
rotation plane.
• Caution •
Inadequate application of preheat to a cold soaked engine
may warm the engine enough to permit starting but will not decongeal oil in the sump, lines, cooler, filter, etc. Congealed oil
in these areas will require considerable preheat.
An engine that has been superficially warmed, may start and
appear to run satisfactorily, but can be damaged from lack of
lubrication due to the congealed oil blocking proper oil flow
through the engine. The amount of damage will vary and may
not become evident for many hours. However, the engine may
be severely damaged and may fail shortly following application
of high power. Proper procedures require thorough application
of preheat to all parts of the engine. Hot air must be applied
directly to the oil sump and external oil lines as well as the
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
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Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
cylinders, air intake and oil cooler. Because excessively hot air
can damage non-metallic components such as composite
parts, seals, hoses, and drives belts, do not attempt to hasten
the preheat process.
1. Ignition Switch ..........................................................................OFF
• WARNING •
Use extreme caution when pulling the propeller through by
hand. Make sure ignition switch is OFF, keys are out of
ignition, and then act as if the engine will start. A loose or
broken ground wire on either magneto could cause the engine
to fire.
2. Propeller........................................... Hand TURN several rotations
3. External Power (If applicable) ....................................... CONNECT
4. Brakes .................................................................................. HOLD
5. Bat Master Switches ........................................ ON (check voltage)
6. Mixture ......................................................................... FULL RICH
7. Power lever..........................................................FULL FORWARD
8. Fuel Pump..................................................... PRIME, then BOOST
• Note •
In temperatures down to 20°F, hold Fuel (Boost) Pump switch
to PRIME for 10 seconds prior to staring.
9. Propeller Area ..................................................................... CLEAR
10. Power Lever ............................................................ OPEN ¼ INCH
11. Ignition Switch ....................... START (Release after engine starts)
• Caution •
Limit cranking to intervals of 20 seconds with a 20 second
cooling period between cranks. This will improve battery and
contactor life
12. Power Lever ...............................RETARD (to maintain 1000 RPM)
13. Oil Pressure ....................................................................... CHECK
14. Alt Master Switches .................................................................. ON
(Continued on following page)
4-26
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
15. Avionics Power Switch ...............................................................ON
16. Engine Parameters ........................................................ MONITOR
17. External Power (If applicable) ................................. DISCONNECT
18. Amp Meter/Indication ......................................................... CHECK
19. Strobe Lights..............................................................................ON
Hot Weather Operation
Avoid prolonged engine operation on the ground.
• Note •
Fuel BOOST should be left ON during takeoff and for climb as
required for vapor suppression with hot or warm fuel.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
4-27
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Noise Characteristics/Abatement
The certificated noise levels for the Cirrus Design SR20 established in
accordance with FAR 36 Appendix G are:
Configuration
Actual
Maximum Allowable
Two-blade Propeller
84.79 dB(A)
87.6 dB(A)
Three-blade Propeller
83.42 dB(A)
87.6 dB(A)
No determination has been made by the Federal Aviation
Administration that the noise levels of this airplane are or should be
acceptable or unacceptable for operation at, into, or out of, any airport.
The above noise levels were established at 3000 pounds takeoff
weight and 2700 RPM.
Recently, increased emphasis on improving environmental quality
requires all pilots to minimize the effect of airplane noise on the
general public. The following suggested procedures minimize
environmental noise when operating the SR20.
• Note •
Do not follow these noise abatement procedures where they
conflict with Air Traffic Control clearances or instructions,
weather considerations, or wherever they would reduce safety.
1. When operating VFR over noise-sensitive areas, such as outdoor
events, parks, and recreational areas, fly not less than 2000 feet
above the surface even though flight at a lower level may be
allowed.
2. For departure from or approach to an airport, avoid prolonged
flight at low altitude near noise-sensitive areas.
4-28
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4
Normal Procedures
Fuel Conservation
Minimum fuel use at cruise will be achieved using the best economy
power setting described under cruise.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
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Section 4
Normal Procedures
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
4-30
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Section 5
Performance Data
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 5-3
Associated Conditions Affecting Performance............................. 5-3
Flight Planning ................................................................................ 5-4
Sample Problem ............................................................................. 5-4
Takeoff......................................................................................... 5-5
Climb............................................................................................ 5-6
Cruise .......................................................................................... 5-7
Fuel Required .............................................................................. 5-8
Landing ........................................................................................ 5-9
Demonstrated Operating Temperature ........................................ 5-9
Airspeed Calibration...................................................................... 5-10
Normal Static Source ................................................................. 5-10
Airspeed Calibration...................................................................... 5-11
Alternate Static Source .............................................................. 5-11
Altitude Correction ........................................................................ 5-12
Normal Static Source ................................................................. 5-12
Altitude Correction ........................................................................ 5-13
Alternate Static Source .............................................................. 5-13
Temperature Conversion .............................................................. 5-14
Outside Air Temperature for ISA Condition .................................. 5-15
Stall Speeds .................................................................................. 5-16
Wind Components ........................................................................ 5-17
Takeoff Distance ........................................................................... 5-18
Takeoff Distance ........................................................................... 5-19
Takeoff Distance ........................................................................... 5-20
Takeoff Climb Gradient ................................................................. 5-21
Takeoff Rate of Climb ................................................................... 5-22
Enroute Climb Gradient ................................................................ 5-23
Enroute Rate of Climb................................................................... 5-24
Enroute Rate of Climb Vs Density Altitude ................................... 5-25
Time, Fuel and Distance to Climb ................................................. 5-26
Cruise Performance ...................................................................... 5-27
Cruise Performance ...................................................................... 5-28
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
5-1
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Range / Endurance Profile ............................................................5-29
Range / Endurance Profile ............................................................5-30
Balked Landing Climb Gradient ....................................................5-31
Balked Landing Rate of Climb.......................................................5-32
Landing Distance ..........................................................................5-33
Landing Distance ..........................................................................5-34
5-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Introduction
Performance data in this section are presented for operational
planning so that you will know what performance to expect from the
airplane under various ambient and field conditions. Performance data
are presented for takeoff, climb, and cruise (including range &
endurance).
Associated Conditions Affecting Performance
Computed performance data in this section are based upon data
derived from actual flight testing with the airplane and engine in good
condition and using average piloting techniques. Unless specifically
noted in the “Conditions” notes presented with each table, ambient
conditions are for a standard day (refer to Section 1). Flap position as
well as power setting technique is similarly noted with each table.
The charts in this section provide data for ambient temperatures from
–20° C (–4° F) to 40° C (104° F). If ambient temperature is below the
chart value, use the lowest temperature shown to compute
performance. This will result in more conservative performance
calculations. If ambient temperature is above the chart value, use
extreme caution as performance degrades rapidly at higher
temperatures.
All fuel flow data for cruise is based on the recommended lean mixture
setting detailed in Section 4 – Normal Procedures.
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard configuration:
Airplane performance is decreased without the nose landing gear
fairing installed. Refer to performance tables for specific values.
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
5-3
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Flight Planning
The performance tables in this section present sufficient information to
predict airplane performance with reasonable accuracy. However,
variations in fuel metering, mixture leaning technique, engine &
propeller condition, air turbulence, and other variables encountered
during a particular flight may account for variations of 10% or more in
range and endurance. Therefore, utilize all available information to
estimate the fuel required for a particular flight. Additionally, verify that
the weather, field length, wind, anticipated turbulence, and other
conditions that affect aircraft performance are judged to be satisfactory
and conducive to safe operations and compliant with the Federal
Aviation Regulations (FARs) or governing regulations, as applicable.
• Note •
Whenever possible, select the most conservative values from
the following charts to provide an extra margin of safety and to
account for events that could occur during a flight.
Sample Problem
The following sample flight problem uses information derived from the
airplane performance charts and tables to determine the predicted
performance for a typical flight.
The first step in flight planning is to determine the aircraft weight and
center of gravity, as well as information about the flight. For this
sample problem, the following information is known:
Airplane Configuration:
• Takeoff weight........................................................ 3000 Pounds
• Usable fuel.................................................................56 Gallons
Takeoff Conditions:
• Field pressure altitude ................................................1750 Feet
• Temperature .............................................. 25° C (ISA + 13° C)
• Wind component along runway ......................11 knot headwind
• Runway Condition ............................................Dry, level, paved
• Field length .................................................................3000 Feet
5-4
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Cruise Conditions:
• Total distance ................................................560 Nautical Miles
• Pressure altitude ........................................................ 6500 Feet
• Temperature ...............................................20° C (ISA + 17° C)
• Expected wind enroute..................................10 Knot Headwind
Landing Conditions:
• Field pressure altitude ................................................ 2000 Feet
• Temperature ...............................................20° C (ISA + 10° C)
• Field length................................................................. 3000 Feet
Takeoff
The takeoff distance tables, Figure 5-9, show the takeoff ground roll
and horizontal distance to reach 50 feet above ground level. The
distances shown are based on the short field technique.
Conservative distances can be established by reading the tables at the
next higher value of weight, altitude and temperature. For example, in
this particular sample problem, the takeoff distance information
presented for a weight of 3000 pounds, takeoff field pressure altitude
of 2000 feet, and a temperature of 30° C should be used. Using the
conservative values results in the following:
• Ground roll ................................................................. 1940 Feet
• Total distance to clear a 50-foot obstacle ................... 2734 Feet
Since the takeoff distance tables are based upon a zero wind
conditions, a correction for the effect of winds must be made. Use the
wind components chart, Figure 5-8 to determine the crosswind and
the headwind (or tailwind) component of the reported winds.
Using the 11-knot headwind component, the following corrections can
be made:
• Correction for headwind (10% for each 12 knots) .............. 9.2%
• Ground roll, zero wind ................................................. 1940 feet
• Decrease in ground roll (1940 feet x 0.092) .................. 178 feet
• Corrected ground roll................................................... 1762 feet
• Total distance to clear a 50-foot obstacle, zero wind... 2734 feet
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
5-5
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
• Decrease in total distance (2734 feet x 0.092) .............. 252 feet
• Corrected total distance to clear 50-foot obstacle ....... 2482 feet
Corrections for grass runways and sloped runways are also applicable
and should be applied. These corrections are calculated in the same
manner as the wind correction above. Refer to Figure 5-9 for
correction factors to be applied.
Climb
The takeoff and enroute rate-of-climb and climb gradient tables,
Figures 5-10 through 5-14, present maximum rate of climb and climb
gradient for various conditions. The time, fuel, and distance to climb
table, Figure 5-15, allows determination of the time, fuel, and distance
to climb from sea level to a specified pressure altitude. To determine
the values to be used for flight planning, the start-of-climb time, fuel,
and distance values are subtracted from the end-of-climb (cruise
altitude) values. Again, conservative values are obtained by using the
next lower altitude value for start of climb or next higher altitude values
for end of climb. Using conservative values for the sample data, the
following calculations are made:
Start-of-climb values (SL to 1750 feet):
• Time to climb .......................................................... 1.3 minutes
• Distance to climb ............................................................ 2.0 NM
• Fuel to climb ................................................................. 0.3 Gal.
End-of-climb values (SL to 6500 feet):
• Time to climb ........................................................ 10.3 minutes
• Distance to climb .......................................................... 17.0 NM
• Fuel to climb ................................................................. 2.4 Gal.
Climb values (1750 to 6500 feet):
• Time to climb (end 10.3 – start 1.3)......................... 9.0 minutes
• Distance to climb (end 17.0 – start 2.0)........................ 15.0 NM
• Fuel to climb (end 2.4 – start 0.3).................................. 2.1 Gal.
The above values reflect climb for a standard day and are sufficient for
most flight planning. However, further correction for the effect of
temperature on climb can be made. The effect of a temperature on
5-6
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
climb performance is to increase the time, fuel, and distance to climb
by approximately 10% for each 10° C above ISA. In our example,
using a temperature of ISA + 13° C, the correction to be applied is
13%.
The fuel estimate for climb is:
• Fuel to climb (standard temperature) ............................ 2.1 Gal.
• Increase due to non-standard temp. (2.1 x 0.13) .......... 0.3 Gal.
• Corrected fuel to climb (2.1 + 0.3) ................................. 2.4 Gal.
Procedure for the distance to climb is:
• Distance to climb (standard temperature) .................... 15.0 NM
• Increase due to non-standard temp. (15.0 x 0.13) ........ 1.9 NM
• Corrected distance to climb (15.0 + 1.9) ...................... 16.9 NM
Cruise
The selected cruise altitude should be based upon airplane
performance, trip length, and winds aloft. A typical cruise altitude and
the expected winds aloft are given for this sample problem. Power
selection for cruise should be based upon the cruise performance
characteristics tabulated in Figure 5-16, and the range/endurance
profile presented in Figure 5-17.
The relationship between power and range as well as endurance is
shown in the range/endurance profile chart, Figure 5-17. Note that fuel
economy and range are substantially improved at lower power
settings.
The cruise performance chart, Figure 5-16, is entered at 6000 feet
altitude and 30° C above standard temperature. These values are
conservative for the planned altitude and expected temperature
conditions. The engine speed chosen is 2500 RPM at approximately
55% power, which results in the following:
• Power (MAP = 19.4) ............................................................ 53%
• True airspeed ............................................................. 131 Knots
• Cruise fuel flow............................................................. 9.2 GPH
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
5-7
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Fuel Required
The total fuel requirement for the flight may be estimated using the
performance information obtained from Figures 5-15 and 5-16. The
resultant cruise distance is:
• Total distance (from sample problem) ........................ 560.0 NM
• Climb distance (corrected value from climb table)........ 17.0 NM
• Cruise distance (total distance – climb distance) ....... 543.0 NM
Using the predicted true airspeed from the cruise performance table,
Figure 5-16, and applying the expected 10-knot headwind, the ground
speed for cruise is expected to be 121 knots. Therefore, the time
required for the cruise portion of the trip is:
• 543.0 NM/121 knots = 4.5 hours.
The fuel required for cruise is:
•
4.5 hours x 9.2 GPH = 41.4 gallons.
From the 6000 ft Cruise Table (Figure 5-16), a 45 minute IFR reserve
at approximately 70% power requires:
•
45/60 x 11.1 GPH = 8.3 gallons
The total estimated fuel required is as follows:
• Engine start, taxi, and takeoff ................................... 1.0 gallons
• Climb ........................................................................ 2.4 gallons
• Cruise ..................................................................... 41.4 gallons
• Reserve .................................................................... 8.3 gallons
• Total fuel required ................................................... 53.1 gallons
Once the flight is underway, ground speed checks will provide a more
accurate basis for estimating the time enroute and the corresponding
fuel required to complete the trip with ample reserve.
5-8
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Landing
A procedure similar to takeoff should be used for estimating the
landing distance at the destination airport. Figure 5-20 presents
landing distance information for the short field technique. The
distances corresponding to 2000 feet and 20° C are as follows:
• Ground roll ................................................................. 1110 Feet
• Total distance to land over a 50-foot obstacle ........... 2166 Feet
A correction for the effect of wind may be made based on the
headwind and tailwind corrections presented with the landing chart
using the same procedure as outlined for takeoff.
Demonstrated Operating Temperature
Satisfactory engine cooling has been demonstrated for this airplane
with an outside air temperature 23° C above standard. The value given
is not considered an operating limitation. Reference should be made
to Section 2 for engine operating limitations.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
5-9
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airspeed Calibration
Normal Static Source
Conditions:
Example:
• Power for level flight or maximum
continuous, whichever is less.
• Weight .................................. 3000 LB
Flaps ........................................... 50%
Indicated Airspeed ............... 85 Knots
Calibrated Airspeed ............. 86 Knots
• Note •
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
• KIAS = Knots Indicated Airspeed
• KCAS = Knots Calibrated Airspeed
KCAS
KIAS
Flaps
0%
Flaps
50%
50
Flaps
100%
49
60
60
60
70
72
71
71
80
81
81
81
90
91
91
91
100
101
101
101
110
111
111
120
120
120
130
130
140
140
150
150
160
160
170
170
180
180
190
190
200
200
Figure 5-1
5-10
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Airspeed Calibration
Alternate Static Source
Conditions:
Example:
• Power for level flight or maximum
continuous, whichever is less.
• Weight ...................................3000 LB
• Heater, Defroster & Vents .............ON
Flaps............................................50%
Indicated Airspeed................85 Knots
Calibrated Airspeed ..............84 Knots
• Note •
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
• KIAS = Knots Indicated Airspeed
• KCAS = Knots Calibrated Airspeed
KCAS
KIAS
Flaps
0%
Flaps
50%
50
Flaps
100%
45
60
59
56
70
70
69
67
80
80
79
78
90
90
89
88
100
100
99
98
110
110
109
120
120
118
130
130
140
140
150
150
160
161
170
171
180
182
190
192
200
203
Figure 5-2
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
5-11
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Altitude Correction
Normal Static Source
Conditions:
Example:
• Power for level flight or maximum
continuous, whichever is less.
• Weight .................................. 3000 LB
Flaps ........................................... 50%
Indicated Airspeed ............... 85 Knots
Desired Altitude.................. 12,000 FT
Altitude Correction .....................-7 FT
Altitude to Fly ..................... 11,993 FT
• Note •
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
• KIAS = Knots Indicated Airspeed
• KCAS = Knots Calibrated Airspeed
Flaps
CORRECTION TO BE ADDED - FEET
Press
Alt
Normal Static Source - KIAS
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
180
200
S.L
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-5
-3
-3
-5
-10
5000
-14
-13
-12
-11
-9
-6
-4
-3
-5
-11
10000
-16
-15
-14
-12
-11
-7
-4
-4
-6
-13
15000
-19
-18
-16
-14
-12
-8
-5
-4
-7
-16
S.L
-2
-4
-5
-6
-5
+2
10000
-2
-4
-6
-7
-6
+2
15000
-2
-5
-7
-8
-7
+2
S.L
-1
-4
-6
-7
-5
10000
-1
-5
-7
-8
-6
15000
-1
-6
-9
-9
-6
0%
50%
100%
Figure 5-3
5-12
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Altitude Correction
Alternate Static Source
Conditions:
Example:
• Power for level flight or maximum
continuous, whichever is less.
• Weight ...................................3000 LB
• Heater, Defroster, & Vents.............ON
Flaps..............................................0%
Indicated Airspeed..............120 Knots
Desired Altitude ................. 12,000 FT
Altitude Correction................... -11 FT
Altitude to Fly..................... 11,989 FT
• Note •
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
• KIAS = Knots Indicated Airspeed
• KCAS = Knots Calibrated Airspeed
Flaps
CORRECTION TO BE ADDED - FEET
Press
Alt
Normal Static Source - KIAS
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
180
200
S.L
-9
-10
-10
-11
-10
-7
-1
11
27
51
5000
-10
-11
-12
-12
-12
-9
-1
12
32
59
10000
-12
-13
-14
-14
-14
-10
-1
14
37
69
15000
-14
-15
-16
-17
-16
-12
-1
17
44
80
S.L
-11
-15
-18
-21
-22
-19
10000
-13
-18
-21
-24
-26
-22
15000
-15
-20
-25
-28
-30
-26
S.L
-20
-20
-20
-20
-18
10000
-23
-24
-23
-23
-21
15000
-27
-27
-27
-26
-25
0%
50%
100%
Figure 5-4
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
5-13
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Temperature Conversion
• Note •
• To convert from Celsius (°C) to Fahrenheit (°F), find, in the shaded columns, the
number representing the temperature value (°C) to be converted. The equivalent
Fahrenheit temperature is read to the right.
± EXAMPLE: 38° C = 100° F.
• To convert from Fahrenheit (°F) to Celsius (°C), find in the shaded columns area,
the number representing the temperature value (°F) to be converted. The equivalent
Celsius temperature is read to the left.
± EXAMPLE: 38° F = 3° C.
Temp to Convert
°C or °F
Temp to Convert
°C or °F
Temp to Convert
°C or °F
°C
§±
°F
°C
§±
°F
°C
§±
°F
-50
-49
-48
-47
-46
-44
-43
-42
-41
-40
-39
-38
-37
-36
-34
-33
-32
-31
-30
-29
-28
-27
-26
-24
-23
-22
-21
-20
-19
-18
-58
-56
-54
-52
-50
-48
-46
-44
-42
-40
-38
-36
-34
-32
-30
-28
-26
-24
-22
-20
-18
-16
-14
-12
-10
-8
-6
-4
-2
0
-72
-69
-65
-62
-58
-54
-51
-47
-44
-40
-36
-33
-29
-26
-22
-18
-15
-11
-8
-4
0
3
7
10
14
18
21
25
28
32
-17
-16
-14
-13
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
16
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
36
39
43
46
50
54
57
61
64
68
72
75
79
82
86
90
93
97
100
104
108
111
115
118
122
126
129
133
136
140
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
46
47
48
49
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
78
80
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
100
102
104
106
108
110
112
114
116
118
120
144
147
151
154
158
162
165
169
172
176
180
183
187
190
194
198
201
205
208
212
216
219
223
226
230
234
237
241
244
248
Figure 5-5
5-14
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Outside Air Temperature
for
ISA Condition
Example:
Pressure Altitude...................8000 FT
Outside Air Temp....................... 48° F
ISA Condition .................. ISA + 10° C
Press
Alt
Feet
ISA-40°C
ISA-20°C
ISA
ISA+10°C
ISA+20°C
°C
°F
°C
°F
°C
°F
°C
°F
°C
°F
SL
-25
-13
-5
23
15
59
25
77
35
95
1000
-27
-18
-7
18
13
54
23
72
33
90
2000
-29
-20
-9
16
11
52
21
70
31
88
3000
-31
-24
-11
12
9
48
19
66
29
84
4000
-33
-27
-13
9
7
45
17
63
27
81
5000
-35
-31
-15
5
5
41
15
59
25
77
6000
-37
-34
-17
2
3
38
13
56
23
74
7000
-39
-38
-19
-2
1
34
11
52
21
70
8000
-41
-42
-21
-6
-1
30
10
48
20
66
9000
-43
-45
-23
-9
-3
27
7
45
17
63
10000
-45
-49
-25
-13
-5
23
5
41
15
59
11000
-47
-52
-27
-16
-7
20
3
38
13
56
12000
-49
-56
-29
-20
-9
16
1
34
11
52
13000
-51
-59
-31
-23
-11
13
-1
31
9
49
14000
-53
-63
-33
-27
-13
9
-3
27
7
45
Figure 5-6
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
5-15
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Stall Speeds
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Weight .................................. 3000 LB
C.G. .......................................... Noted
Power............................................Idle
Bank Angle ............................... Noted
Flaps ..................................... Up (0%)
Bank Angle....................................15°
Stall Speed.......... 66 KIAS | 68 KCAS
• Note •
• Altitude loss during wings level stall may be 250 feet or more.
• KIAS values may not be accurate at stall.
Weight
STALL SPEEDS
Bank
Angle
Flaps 0%Full Up
LB
Flaps 50%
Flaps 100%Full
Down
Deg
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
0
65
67
61
63
56
59
15
66
68
62
64
57
60
30
70
72
65
68
61
63
45
78
80
72
75
67
70
60
92
95
86
89
80
83
0
64
66
59
62
54
57
3000
15
65
67
60
63
55
58
Most
AFT
C.G.
30
69
71
64
66
58
61
45
76
78
71
73
64
68
60
90
93
84
87
76
81
3000
Most
FWD
C.G.
Figure 5-7
5-16
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Wind Components
Conditions:
Example:
• Runway Heading ...........................10°
• Wind Direction...............................60°
• Wind Velocity........................ 15 Knots
Wind/Flight Path Angle ................. 50°
Crosswind Component .........12 Knots
Headwind Component..........10 Knots
• Note •
• The maximum demonstrated crosswind is 21 knots. Value not considered limiting.
40
0°
50
10°
W
20°
40
40°
RE
CT
IO
N
AN
D
S
OT
KN
FL
D
~
IG
HT
PA
T
H
30°
TY
CI
LO
VE
30
IN
30
50°
IN
D
DI
20
20
70°
AN
G
LE
WIND COMPONENTS ~ KNOTS
Tailwind
Headwind
BE
T
W
EE
N
W
60°
10
10
80°
0
90°
100°
-10
110°
170°
180°
-20
150°
160°
140°
130°
120°
10
20
30
CROSSWIND COMPONENT ~ KNOTS
40
SR20_FM05_1014
Figure 5-8
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
5-17
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Takeoff Distance
Conditions:
• Winds.......................................... Zero
• Runway................... Dry, Level, Paved
• Flaps........................................... 50%
• Power.................................. Maximum
set before brake release
Example:
Outside Air Temp ....................... 25°C
Weight................................... 3000 LB
Pressure Altitude................... 2000 FT
Headwind ............................. 12 Knots
Runway ............................. Dry, Paved
Liftoff Speed.......................... 69 KIAS
Obstacle Speed .................... 75 KIAS
Takeoff Ground Roll .............. 1685 FT
Dist. over 50' Obstacle .......... 2380 FT
Factors:
The following factors are to be applied to the computed takeoff
distance for the noted condition:
• Headwind - Subtract 10% from computed distance for each 12
knots headwind.
• Tailwind - Add 10% for each 2 knots tailwind up to 10 knots.
• Grass Runway, Dry - Add 20% to ground roll distance.
• Grass Runway, Wet - Add 30% to ground roll distance.
• Sloped Runway - Increase table distances by 22% of the
ground roll distance at Sea Level, 30% of the ground roll
distance at 5000 ft, 43% of the ground roll distance at 10,000 ft
for each 1% of upslope. Decrease table distances by 7% of the
ground roll distance at Sea Level, 10% of the ground roll
distance at 5000 ft, and 14% of the ground roll distance at
10,000 ft for each 1% of downslope.
• Caution •
The above corrections for runway slope are required to be
included herein. These corrections should be used with
caution since published runway slope data is usually the net
slope from one end of the runway to the other. Many runways
will have portions of their length at greater or lesser slopes
than the published slope, lengthening (or shortening) takeoff
ground roll estimated from the table.
• If brakes are not held while applying power, distances apply
from point where full throttle and mixture setting is complete.
• For operation in outside air temperatures colder than this table
provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in outside air temperatures warmer than this table
provides, use extreme caution.
5-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Takeoff Distance
WEIGHT = 3000 LB
Speed at Liftoff = 68 KIAS
Speed over 50 Ft. Obstacle = 75 KIAS
Flaps - 50% · Takeoff Pwr · Dry Paved
PRESS
ALT
FT
DISTANCE
Headwind: Subtract 10% for each 12
knots headwind.
Tailwind: Add 10% for each 2 knots
tailwind up to 10 knots.
Runway Slope: Ref. Factors.
Dry Grass: Add 20% to Ground Roll.
Wet Grass: Add 30% to Ground Roll.
TEMPERATURE ~ °C
0
10
20
30
40
ISA
Grnd Roll
1287
1390
1497
1608
1724
1446
50 ft
1848
1988
2132
2282
2437
2064
1000
Grnd Roll
1412
1526
1643
1766
1893
1564
50 ft
2022
2175
2333
2497
2666
2226
2000
Grnd Roll
1552
1676
1805
1940
2079
1692
50 ft
2214
2381
2555
2734
2920
2402
Grnd Roll
1706
1842
1985
2132
2286
1831
50 ft
2426
2609
2799
2996
3200
2593
Grnd Roll
1877
2027
2183
2346
2515
1983
50 ft
2660
2861
3069
3285
3509
2802
5000
Grnd Roll
2066
2231
2404
2583
2769
2149
50 ft
2919
3139
3368
3605
3850
3029
6000
Grnd Roll
2276
2458
2648
2845
3050
2329
50 ft
3205
3447
3698
3959
4228
3276
Grnd Roll
2509
2710
2919
2528
50 ft
3522
3788
4064
3547
Grnd Roll
2768
2990
3221
2744
50 ft
3872
4165
4469
3841
9000
Grnd Roll
3056
3301
3555
2980
50 ft
4261
4583
4917
4160
10000
Grnd Roll
3376
3646
3241
50 ft
4691
5046
4514
SL
3000
4000
7000
8000
FT
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Figure 5-9
Sheet 1 of 2
5-19
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Takeoff Distance
WEIGHT = 2500 LB
Speed at Liftoff = 65 KIAS
Speed over 50 Ft Obstacle = 70 KIAS
Flaps - 50% · Takeoff Pwr · Dry Paved
PRESS
ALT
FT
DISTANCE
Headwind: Subtract 10% for each 12
knots headwind.
Tailwind: Add 10% for each 2 knots
tailwind up to 10 knots.
Runway Slope: Ref. Factors.
Dry Grass: Add 20% to Ground Roll.
Wet Grass: Add 30% to Ground Roll.
TEMPERATURE ~ °C
0
10
20
30
40
ISA
Grnd Roll
813
878
946
1016
1090
912
50 ft
1212
1303
1398
1496
1597
1350
1000
Grnd Roll
892
964
1038
1116
1196
986
50 ft
1326
1426
1529
1636
1747
1457
2000
Grnd Roll
980
1059
1141
1226
1314
1067
50 ft
1451
1561
1674
1791
1912
1572
Grnd Roll
1078
1164
1254
1348
1445
1156
50 ft
1590
1709
1834
1962
2095
1697
Grnd Roll
1185
1281
1380
1483
1590
1253
50 ft
1743
1874
2010
2151
2297
1835
5000
Grnd Roll
1305
1410
1519
1632
1750
1358
50 ft
1912
2056
2205
2360
2520
1985
6000
Grnd Roll
1438
1553
1673
1798
1928
1473
50 ft
2098
2256
2421
2590
2766
2140
Grnd Roll
1585
1712
1845
1599
50 ft
2305
2479
2659
2324
Grnd Roll
1749
1889
2035
1737
50 ft
2534
2725
2923
2517
9000
Grnd Roll
1931
2085
2247
1887
50 ft
2787
2997
3216
2727
10000
Grnd Roll
2133
2304
2050
50 ft
3068
3299
2986
SL
3000
4000
7000
8000
5-20
FT
Figure 5-9
Sheet 2 of 2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Takeoff Climb Gradient
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power .............................. Full Throttle
Mixture ................................. Full Rich
Flaps ........................................... 50%
Airspeed ............... Best Rate of Climb
Outside Air Temp .......................20° C
Weight .................................. 3000 LB
Pressure Altitude .................. 1750 FT
Climb Airspeed .....................85 Knots
Gradient............................491 FT/NM
• Note •
• Climb Gradients shown are the gain in altitude for the horizontal distance traversed
expressed as Feet per Nautical Mile.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
Weight
CLIMB GRADIENT ~ Feet per Nautical Mile
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
85
678
621
568
518
581
2000
85
587
532
481
433
504
4000
84
500
447
398
351
430
6000
83
416
365
318
274
358
8000
82
336
287
241
199
289
10000
82
259
212
SL
84
957
880
808
741
826
2000
84
841
767
698
634
729
4000
83
730
659
593
531
636
6000
82
624
555
492
545
8000
81
522
456
396
459
10000
80
425
362
LB
Temperature ~ °C
3000
224
2500
377
Figure 5-10
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
5-21
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Takeoff Rate of Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power...............................Full Throttle
Mixture..................................Full Rich
Flaps........................................... 50%
Airspeed ...............Best Rate of Climb
Outside Air Temp ...................... 20° C
Weight................................... 3000 LB
Pressure Altitude................... 1750 FT
Climb Airspeed..................... 85 Knots
Rate of Climb .......................725 FPM
• Note •
• Rate-of-Climb values shown are change in altitude for unit time expended
expressed in Feet per Minute.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
Weight
LB
RATE OF CLIMB ~ Feet per Minute
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
85
905
862
817
771
828
2000
85
807
761
712
663
734
4000
84
707
657
606
554
639
6000
83
607
553
499
444
545
8000
82
504
447
390
333
450
10000
82
401
341
SL
84
1256
1201
1144
1086
1158
2000
84
1136
1077
1017
955
1044
4000
83
1014
952
888
824
929
6000
82
892
825
758
815
8000
81
768
698
627
701
10000
80
643
569
Temperature ~ °C
3000
356
2500
587
Figure 5-11
5-22
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Enroute Climb Gradient
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power .............................. Full Throttle
Mixture ................................. Full Rich
Flaps .....................................0% (UP)
Airspeed ............... Best Rate of Climb
Outside Air Temp .......................20° C
Weight .................................. 3000 LB
Pressure Altitude .................. 4200 FT
Climb Airspeed .....................94 Knots
Gradient............................359 FT/NM
• Note •
• Climb Gradients shown are the gain in altitude for the horizontal distance traversed
expressed as Feet per Nautical Mile.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• The Maximum Operating Altitude of 17,500 feet MSL may be obtained if the
airplane’s gross weight does not exceed 2900 lb and the ambient temperature is
-20° C or less.
Weight
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
LB
3000
2500
CLIMB GRADIENT - Feet per Nautical Mile
Temperature ~ °C
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
96
650
589
533
481
549
2000
95
560
502
448
398
474
4000
94
474
418
367
319
402
6000
93
392
338
289
244
332
8000
92
313
216
214
171
265
10000
91
237
188
200
12000
91
164
118
139
14000
90
95
51
SL
93
846
777
712
652
728
2000
92
741
674
612
554
640
4000
92
640
576
516
461
555
6000
91
543
482
425
473
8000
90
451
392
337
395
10000
89
363
306
320
12000
88
279
224
248
14000
88
198
147
180
80
Figure 5-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
5-23
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Enroute Rate of Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power...............................Full Throttle
Mixture..................................Full Rich
Flaps..................................... 0% (UP)
Airspeed ...............Best Rate of Climb
Outside Air Temp ...................... 10° C
Weight................................... 3000 LB
Pressure Altitude................... 6500 FT
Climb Airspeed..................... 93 Knots
Rate of Climb .......................513 FPM
• Note •
• Rate-of-Climb values shown are change in altitude in feet per unit time expressed in
Feet per Minute.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• The Maximum Operating Altitude of 17,500 feet MSL may be obtained if the
airplane’s gross weight does not exceed 2900 lb and the ambient temperature is
-20° C or less.
Weight
LB
3000
2500
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
RATE OF CLIMB ~ Feet per Minute
Temperature ~ °C
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
96
979
923
866
808
880
2000
95
868
808
748
688
775
4000
94
756
693
630
567
671
6000
93
642
576
510
445
566
8000
92
527
458
389
321
462
10000
91
411
339
357
12000
91
294
218
252
14000
90
175
97
SL
93
1231
1175
2000
92
1109
1050
4000
92
987
923
6000
91
863
796
727
785
8000
90
738
667
595
670
10000
89
612
537
555
12000
88
484
405
440
14000
88
355
273
325
148
1058
1132
988
926
1016
858
793
900
1117
Figure 5-13
5-24
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Enroute Rate of Climb Vs Density Altitude
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power .................................................................................................... Full Throttle
Mixture ....................................................................................................... Full Rich
Flaps ...........................................................................................................0% (UP)
Airspeed ..................................................................................... Best Rate of Climb
15,000
14,000
25
00
30
LB
00
LB
13,000
12,000
Density Altitude ~ Feet
11,000
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
00
12
00
11
00
10
0
90
0
80
0
70
0
60
0
50
0
40
0
30
0
20
0
10
Rate of Climb ~ Feet Per Minute
Figure 5-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
5-25
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Time, Fuel and Distance to Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power...............................Full Throttle
Mixture..................................Full Rich
Fuel Density..................... 6.0 LB/GAL
Weight .................................. 3000 LB
Winds.......................................... Zero
Climb Airspeed ......................... Noted
Outside Air Temp ......................... ISA
Weight................................... 3000 LB
Airport Press ......................... 1000 FT
Pressure Altitude................. 12000 FT
Time to Climb.................22.5 Minutes
Fuel to Climb...................... 4.7 Gallon
Distance to Climb.....................39 NM
Factors:
• Taxi Fuel - Add 1 gallon for start, taxi, and takeoff.
• Temperature - Add 10% to computed values for each 10º C above standard.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
Press
Alt
OAT
(ISA)
Climb
Speed
Rate Of
Climb
FT
°C
KIAS
FPM
TIME, FUEL, DISTANCE ~ From Sea Level
Time
Minutes
Fuel
U.S. Gal
Distance
NM
SL
15
96
880
0.0
0.0
0
1000
13
96
828
1.3
0.3
2
2000
11
95
775
2.4
0.6
4
3000
9
94
723
3.8
1.0
6
4000
7
94
671
5.2
1.3
8
5000
5
93
618
6.7
1.7
11
6000
3
93
566
8.4
2.0
14
7000
1
92
514
10.3
2.4
17
8000
-1
92
462
12.3
2.9
21
9000
-3
91
409
14.6
3.3
25
10000
-5
91
357
17.2
3.8
29
11000
-7
91
305
20.3
4.4
35
12000
-9
91
252
23.8
5.0
41
13000
-11
91
200
28.3
5.8
49
14000
-13
90
148
34.0
6.8
60
Figure 5-15
5-26
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Cruise Performance
Conditions:
• Mixture ............................. Best Power
• Cruise Weight........................2600 LB
• Winds ..........................................Zero
Note: Subtract 10 KTAS if nose wheel pant
and fairing removed. Lower KTAS by 10% if
nose & main wheel pants & fairings removed.
Cruise Pwr above 85% not recommended.
Example:
Outside Air Temp29° C
RPM 2700 RPM
Cruise Press Alt8000 FT
% Power (22.2 MAP)73%
True Airspeed154 Knots
Fuel Flow11.4 GPH
2000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-19° C)
ISA (11° C)
ISA + 30° C (41° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
2700
27.8
101%
160
16.0
95%
160
15.0
91%
157
14.2
2500
27.8
90%
154
14.1
85%
154
13.4
81%
151
12.9
2500
26.6
85%
151
13.4
80%
151
12.8
76%
148
11.7
2500
25.4
80%
147
12.7
75%
147
11.6
72%
144
11.3
2500
24.1
74%
143
11.5
70%
143
11.1
67%
140
10.7
2500
22.9
69%
139
11.0
65%
139
10.6
62%
136
10.2
2500
22.0
65%
136
10.5
62%
136
10.2
59%
133
9.9
2500
19.7
55%
127
9.5
52%
127
9.20
50%
124
8.9
4000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-23° C)
ISA (7° C)
ISA + 30° C (37° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
2700
25.8
94%
159
14.8
89%
159
14.4
84%
157
GPH
13.4
2500
25.8
84%
153
13.3
79%
153
12.7
75%
150
11.7
2500
24.8
80%
150
12.7
75%
150
11.6
72%
147
11.2
2500
23.6
75%
146
11.5
70%
146
11.1
67%
143
10.8
2500
22.3
69%
141
10.9
65%
141
10.5
62%
138
10.2
2500
21.0
63%
136
10.3
60%
136
10.0
57%
133
9.7
2500
19.8
58%
131
9.8
55%
131
9.4
52%
129
9.2
6000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-27° C)
ISA (3° C)
ISA + 30° C (33° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
2700
24.0
88%
159
13.8
83%
159
13.1
79%
156
12.6
2500
24.0
79%
152
12.0
74%
152
11.5
71%
149
11.1
2500
23.0
74%
148
11.5
70%
148
11.1
67%
145
10.7
2500
21.8
69%
144
11.0
65%
144
10.6
62%
141
10.2
2500
20.8
65%
140
10.4
61%
140
10.0
58%
137
9.7
2500
19.4
59%
134
9.8
55%
134
9.5
53%
131
9.2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Figure 5-16
Sheet 1 of 2
GPH
5-27
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cruise Performance
8000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-31° C)
ISA (-1° C)
ISA + 30° C (29° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
2700
22.2
82%
157
12.9
77%
157
11.6
73%
154
11.4
2500
22.2
73%
150
11.4
69%
150
11.0
65%
147
10.6
2500
21.2
69%
146
10.9
65%
146
10.5
62%
143
10.2
2500
20.1
64%
142
10.4
60%
142
10.0
57%
139
9.7
2500
18.9
59%
136
9.8
55%
136
9.5
52%
134
9.2
2500
17.7
53%
131
9.2
50%
131
8.9
48%
128
8.7
10,000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-35° C)
ISA (-5° C)
ISA + 30° C (25° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
2700
20.6
76%
155
11.7
72%
155
11.2
68%
152
10.9
2500
20.6
68%
148
10.8
64%
148
10.5
61%
145
10.1
2500
19.6
64%
144
10.4
60%
144
10.0
57%
141
9.7
2500
18.5
59%
139
9.8
55%
139
9.5
53%
136
9.2
2500
17.3
54%
134
9.3
50%
134
9.0
48%
131
8.7
12,000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-39° C)
ISA (-9° C)
ISA + 30° C (21° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
2700
19.0
70%
153
11.1
66%
153
10.7
63%
150
10.3
2500
19.0
63%
146
10.3
59%
146
9.9
56%
143
9.6
2500
18.0
59%
141
9.8
55%
141
9.5
52%
138
9.2
2500
16.8
53%
136
9.2
50%
136
8.9
47%
133
8.6
14,000 Feet Pressure Altitude
ISA - 30° C (-43° C)
ISA (-13° C)
ISA + 30° C (17° C)
RPM
MAP
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
GPH
PWR
KTAS
2700
17.6
66%
151
10.5
62%
151
10.2
58%
148
9.8
2500
17.6
59%
144
9.8
55%
144
9.5
52%
141
9.2
2500
16.5
54%
142
9.3
50%
142
9.0
48%
139
8.7
5-28
Figure 5-16
Sheet 2 of 2
GPH
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Range / Endurance Profile
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
•
Example:
Weight ...................................3000 LB
Temperature ................. Standard Day
Winds ..........................................Zero
Mixture ............................. See Tables
Total Fuel........................... 56 Gallons
Power Setting .............................75%
Takeoff Press Alt .................. 2000 FT
Cruise Press Alt.................... 6000 FT
Fuel to Climb
Cruise Fuel Flow
Endurance
Range
True Airspeed
1.3 Gal.
11.6 GPH
4.0 Hr
617 NM
152 Knots
• Note •
• Fuel Remaining For Cruise accounts for 10.1 gallons for 45 minutes IFR reserve
fuel at 75% power and fuel burn for descent.
• Range and endurance shown includes descent to final destination at 160 KIAS and
500 fpm.
• Range is decreased by 5% if nose wheel pant and fairings removed.
• Range is decreased by 15% if nose and main wheel pants and fairings removed.
75% POWER
Press Climb
Alt
Fuel
Mixture = Best Power
FT
Gal
Fuel
Remaining
For Cruise
Gal
0
0.0
46.3
143
11.6
4.0
576
12.3
2000
0.6
45.7
147
11.6
4.0
594
12.6
4000
1.3
45.0
150
11.6
4.0
606
12.7
6000
2.0
44.3
152
11.6
4.0
617
12.7
8000
2.9
43.4
155
11.6
4.0
627
12.8
10000
3.8
42.5
12000
5.0
41.3
14000
6.8
39.5
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Airspeed
Fuel
Flow
Endurance
Range
Specific
Range
KTAS
GPH
Hours
NM
Nm/Gal
Figure 5-17
Sheet 1 of 2
5-29
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Range / Endurance Profile
65% POWER
Press Climb
Alt
Fuel
Mixture = Best Power
FT
Gal
Fuel
Remaining
For Cruise
Gal
Airspeed
Fuel
Flow
Endurance
Range
Specific
Range
KTAS
GPH
Hours
NM
Nm/Gal
0
0.0
46.3
137
10.5
4.4
608
13.0
2000
0.6
45.7
139
10.5
4.4
620
13.1
4000
1.3
45.0
141
10.5
4.4
628
13.2
6000
2.0
44.3
143
10.5
4.4
635
13.2
8000
2.9
43.4
145
10.5
4.4
645
13.3
10000
3.8
42.5
147
10.5
4.4
654
13.3
12000
5.0
41.3
150
10.5
4.4
666
13.4
14000
6.8
39.5
55% POWER
Press Climb
Alt
Fuel
Mixture = Best Economy
FT
Gal
Fuel
Remaining
For Cruise
Gal
KTAS
GPH
Hours
NM
Nm/Gal
0
0.0
46.3
127
8.4
5.5
708
15.2
2000
0.6
45.7
130
8.4
5.5
726
15.5
4000
1.3
45.0
131
8.4
5.5
731
15.4
6000
2.0
44.3
134
8.4
5.5
745
15.6
8000
2.9
43.4
136
8.4
5.5
755
15.7
10000
3.8
42.5
139
8.4
5.4
768
15.9
12000
5.0
41.3
141
8.4
5.4
776
15.9
14000
6.8
39.5
144
8.4
5.4
785
16.0
5-30
Airspeed
Fuel
Flow
Endurance
Figure 5-17
Sheet 2 of 2
Range
Specific
Range
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Balked Landing Climb Gradient
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power .............................. Full Throttle
Mixture ................................. Full Rich
Flaps ................................ 100% (DN)
Airspeed ............... Best Rate of Climb
Outside Air Temp .......................20° C
Weight .................................. 2500 LB
Pressure Altitude .................. 2000 FT
Climb Airspeed .....................74 Knots
Rate of Climb....................679 FT/NM
• Note •
• Balked Landing Climb Gradients shown are the gain in altitude for the horizontal
distance traversed expressed as Feet per Nautical Mile.
• Dashed cells in the table represent performance below the minimum balked landing
climb requirements.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• This chart is required data for certification. However, significantly better
performance can be achieved by climbing at Best Rate of Climb speeds shown with
flaps down or following the Go-Around / Balked Landing procedure in Section 4.
Weight
CLIMB GRADIENT ~ Feet per Nautical Mile
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
75
779
699
626
558
644
2000
74
664
585
515
449
547
4000
73
548
475
408
346
451
6000
72
440
369
305
-
359
8000
71
335
268
206
-
271
10000
70
235
170
-
-
186
SL
75
987
894
807
728
829
2000
74
851
762
679
603
716
4000
73
721
635
557
484
608
6000
72
596
514
439
-
502
8000
71
477
398
327
-
401
10000
70
362
287
-
-
305
LB
Temperature ~ °C
2900
2500
Figure 5-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
5-31
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Balked Landing Rate of Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Example:
Power...............................Full Throttle
Mixture..................................Full Rich
Flaps.................................100% (DN)
Climb Airspeed ......................... Noted
Outside Air Temp ...................... 20° C
Weight................................... 2500 LB
Pressure Altitude................... 4000 FT
Climb Airspeed..................... 73 Knots
Rate of Climb ................... 733 FT/NM
• Note •
• Balked Landing Rate of Climb values shown are the full flaps change in altitude for
unit time expended expressed in Feet per Minute.
• Dashed cells in the table represent performance below the minimum balked landing
climb requirements.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• This chart is required data for certification. However, significantly better
performance can be achieved by climbing at Best Rate of Climb speeds shown with
flaps down or following the Go-Around / Balked Landing procedure in Section 4.
Weight
LB
RATE OF CLIMB - Feet per Minute
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
75
905
845
785
724
800
2000
74
789
726
662
598
691
4000
73
671
604
538
471
581
6000
72
552
482
412
-
471
8000
71
432
359
286
-
362
10000
70
310
234
-
-
252
SL
75
1142
1076
1009
942
1026
2000
74
1011
942
872
801
904
4000
73
880
807
733
660
781
6000
72
747
670
593
-
658
8000
71
613
533
453
-
537
10000
70
478
394
-
-
414
Temperature ~ °C
2900
2500
Figure 5-19
5-32
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 5
Performance Data
Landing Distance
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
•
Example:
Technique .............................. Normal
Winds ..........................................Zero
Runway .................................... Paved
Flaps. ........................................ 100%
Power .................. 3° Power Approach
to 50 FT obstacle, then reduce power
passing the estimated 50 foot point
and smoothly continue power
reduction to reach idle just prior to
touchdown.
Outside Air Temp ........................10°C
Weight .................................. 2900 LB
Pressure Altitude .................. 2000 FT
Headwind ................................... Zero
Landing Ground Roll ............ 1072 FT
Dist. over 50' Obstacle.......... 2116 FT
Factors:
The following factors are to be applied to the computed landing
distance for the noted condition:
• Headwind - Subtract 10% from table distances for each 13
knots headwind
• Tailwind - Add 10% to table distances for each 2 knots tailwind
up to 10 knots.
• Grass Runway, Dry - Add 20% to ground roll distance.
• Grass Runway, Wet - Add 60% to ground roll distance.
• Sloped Runway - Increase table distances by 27% of the
ground roll distance for each 1% of downslope. Decrease table
distances by 9% of the ground roll distance for each 1% of
upslope.
• Caution •
The above corrections for runway slope are required to be
included herein. These corrections should be used with
caution since published runway slope data is usually the net
slope from one end of the runway to the other. Many runways
will have portions of their length at greater or lesser slopes
than the published slope, lengthening (or shortening) landing
ground roll estimated from the table.
• For operation in outside air temperatures colder than this table
provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in outside air temperatures warmer than this table
provides, use extreme caution.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
5-33
Section 5
Performance Data
Cirrus Design
SR20
Landing Distance
WEIGHT = 2900 LB
Headwind: Subtract 10% per each
Speed over 50 Ft Obstacle = 75 KIAS
13 knots headwind.
Flaps - 100% · Idle · Dry, Level Paved Surface Tailwind: Add 10% for each 2 knots
tailwind up to 10 knots.
Runway Slope: Ref. Factors.
Dry Grass: Add 20% to Ground Roll
Wet Grass: Add 60% to Ground Roll
PRESS
ALT
FT
DISTANCE
TEMPERATURE ~ °C
0
10
20
30
40
ISA
Grnd Roll
962
997
1032
1067
1102
1014
Total
1972
2017
2063
2109
2156
2040
1000
Grnd Roll
997
1034
1070
1067
1143
1045
Total
2018
2065
2113
2161
2210
2079
2000
Grnd Roll
1034
1072
1110
1148
1186
1076
Total
2066
2116
2166
2217
2268
2121
Grnd Roll
1073
1112
1151
1191
1230
1108
Total
2117
2169
2222
2275
2329
2164
Grnd Roll
1113
1154
1195
1236
1142
Total
2170
2225
2281
2337
2209
5000
Grnd Roll
1156
1198
1240
1283
1177
Total
2227
2285
2343
2402
2256
6000
Grnd Roll
1200
1244
1288
1332
1214
Total
2287
2348
2409
2471
2306
Grnd Roll
1246
1292
1337
1251
Total
2351
2415
2479
2358
Grnd Roll
1295
1342
1389
1291
Total
2418
2485
2553
2412
9000
Grnd Roll
1345
1394
1444
1331
Total
2490
2560
2631
2470
10000
Grnd Roll
1398
1449
1373
Total
2565
2639
2529
SL
3000
4000
7000
8000
FT
Figure 5-20
5-34
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight and Balance
Section 6
Weight and Balance
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 6-3
Airplane Weighing Form ................................................................. 6-6
Airplane Weighing Procedures ....................................................... 6-7
Weight & Balance Record ............................................................. 6-10
Loading Instructions ...................................................................... 6-12
Center of Gravity Limits ................................................................ 6-14
Weight & Balance Loading Form .................................................. 6-15
Loading Data................................................................................. 6-16
Moment Limits............................................................................... 6-17
Equipment List .............................................................................. 6-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A3
6-1
Section 6
Weight and Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
6-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A3
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Introduction
This section describes the procedure for establishing the basic empty
weight and moment of the airplane. Sample forms are provided for
reference. Procedures for calculating the weight and moment for
various operations are also provided. A comprehensive list of all
equipment available for this airplane is included at the back of this
section.
It should be noted that specific information regarding the weight, arm,
moment, and installed equipment for this airplane as delivered from
the factory can only be found in the plastic envelope carried in the
back of this handbook.
It is the responsibility of the pilot to ensure that the airplane is loaded
properly.
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
6-3
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
FS
350.2"
WATER LINE (WL)
FS
55.6"
150
WL
165.5"
FS
222.0"
FS
100.0"
FS
38.3"
WL100
350
250
200
150
100
0.0
50
FS
157.5"
300
NOTE
Reference Datum located at
fuselage station 0.0".
50
(FS)
FUSELAGE
STATION
LEMAC
FS 132.9"
220
RBL 210.9"
200
150
100
RBL 87.7"
Typical LBL
MAC 48.4"
RBL 77.3"
RBL 66.3"
50
BL 0.0"
BL 0.0
50
LBL 66.3"
LBL 77.3"
100
150
200
BUTTOCK LINE (BL)
LBL 210.9"
SR20_FM06_1031A
6-4
Figure 6-1
Airplane Dimensional Data
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Spirit Level
LONGITUDINAL LEVELING
Spirit Level
Straight
Edge
Straight Edge
Spacer
Block
Straight Edge
Door Sill
Door Sill
LATERAL LEVELING
P/N 11934-003
Revision A2
Figure 6-2
Airplane Leveling
Spacer
Block
SR20_FM06_1021A
6-5
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airplane Weighing Form
REF DATUM
FS 0.0
FS 100.0
FS 145.0
WL 100.0
A = x + 100
B=A-y
y = ____________
x = ____________
x
Measured
Measured
y
B
A
Weighing
Point
SR20_FM06_1441
Scale
Reading
- Tare
= Net Weight
X Arm
L Main
A=
R Main
A=
Nose
B=
Total
CG=
= Moment
As Weighed
CG = Total Moment / Total Weight
Space below provided for additions or subtractions to as weighed condition
CG=
Empty Weight
Engine Oil (if oil drained)
15 lb at FS 78.4, moment = 1176
Unusable Fuel
Basic Empty Weight
6-6
26.4
153.95
4064
CG=
Figure 6-3
Airplane Weighing Form
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Airplane Weighing Procedures
A basic empty weight and center of gravity were established for this
airplane when the airplane was weighed just prior to initial delivery.
However, major modifications, loss of records, addition or relocation of
equipment, accomplishment of service bulletins, and weight gain over
time may require re-weighing to keep the basic empty weight and
center of gravity current. The frequency of weighing is determined by
the operator. All changes to the basic empty weight and center of
gravity are the responsibility of the operator. Refer to Section 8 for
specific servicing procedures.
1. Preparation:
a. Inflate tires to recommended operating pressures.
b.
Service brake reservoir.
c.
Drain fuel system.
d. Service engine oil.
e. Move crew seats to the most forward position.
f.
Raise flaps to the fully retracted position.
g. Place all control surfaces in neutral position.
h. Verify equipment installation and location by comparison to
equipment list.
2. Leveling (Figure 6-2):
a. Level longitudinally with a spirit level placed on the pilot door
sill and laterally with of a spirit level placed across the door
sills. (See Figure 6-2) Alternately, level airplane by sighting the
forward and aft tool holes along waterline 95.9.
b.
Place scales under each wheel (minimum scale capacity, 500
pounds nose, 1000 pounds each main).
c.
Deflate the nose tire and/or shim underneath scales as
required to properly center the bubble in the level.
3. Weighing (Figure 6-3):
a. With the airplane level, doors closed, and brakes released,
record the weight shown on each scale. Deduct the tare, if
any, from each reading.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A3
6-7
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
4. Measuring (Figure 6-3):
a. Obtain measurement ‘x’ by measuring horizontally along the
airplane center line (BL 0) from a line stretched between the
main wheel centers to a plumb bob dropped from the forward
side of the firewall (FS 100). Add 100 to this measurement to
obtain left and right weighing point arm (dimension ‘A’).
Typically, dimension ‘A’ will be in the neighborhood of 157.5.
b.
Obtain measurement ‘y’ by measuring horizontally and
parallel to the airplane centerline (BL 0), from center of
nosewheel axle, left side, to a plumb bob dropped from the
line stretched between the main wheel centers. Repeat on
right side and average the measurements. Subtract this
measurement from dimension ‘A’ to obtain the nosewheel
weighing point arm (dimension ‘B’).
5. Determine and record the moment for each of the main and nose
gear weighing points using the following formula:
Moment = Net Weight x Arm
6. Calculate and record the as-weighed weight and moment by
totaling the appropriate columns.
7. Determine and record the as-weighed C.G. in inches aft of datum
using the following formula:
C.G. = Total Moment / Total Weight
8. Add or subtract any items not included in the as-weighed condition
to determine the empty condition. Application of the above C.G.
formula will determine the C.G for this condition.
9. Add the correction for engine oil (15 lb at FS 78.4), if the airplane
was weighed with oil drained. Add the correction for unusable fuel
(26.4 lb at FS 153.95) to determine the Basic Empty Weight and
Moment. Calculate and record the Basic Empty Weight C.G. by
applying the above C.G. formula.
10. Record the new weight and C.G. values on the Weight and
Balance Record (Figure 6-4).
6-8
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
The above procedure determines the airplane Basic Empty Weight,
moment, and center of gravity in inches aft of datum. C.G. can also be
expressed in terms of its location as a percentage of the airplane
Mean Aerodynamic Cord (MAC) using the following formula:
C.G. % MAC = 100 x (C.G. Inches – LEMAC) / MAC
Where:
LEMAC = 132.9
MAC = 48.4
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
6-9
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Weight & Balance Record
Use this form to maintain a continuous history of changes and
modifications to airplane structure or equipment affecting weight and
balance:
Serial Num:
Item
No.
Date
Reg. Num:
Description of Article
or Modification
In Out
Page
Weight Change
Added (+) or Removed (-)
WT
LB
ARM
IN.
MOM/
1000
of
Running Basic
Empty Weight
WT
LB
MOM/
1000
As Delivered
6-10
Figure 6-4
Weight and Balance Record
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
49.3"
39.8"
100
120
140
160
200
180
49.7"
38.5"
220
240
Fuselage
Station
FS
222
25.0"
16.0"
20.0"
10.5"
32.0"
33.4"
39.0"
20.0"
33.3"
5.0"
21.0"
BAGGAGE DOOR
OPENING
CABIN DOOR
OPENING
SR20_FM06_1019
Location
Length
Width
Height
Volume
Cabin
122”
49.3”
49.7
137 cu ft
Baggage
Compartment
36”
39.8”
38.5”
32 cu ft
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Figure 6-5
Airplane Interior Dimensions
6-11
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Loading Instructions
It is the responsibility of the pilot to ensure that the airplane is properly
loaded and operated within the prescribed weight and center of gravity
limits. The following information enables the pilot to calculate the total
weight and moment for the loading. The calculated moment is then
compared to the Moment Limits chart or table (Figure 6-9) for a
determination of proper loading.
Airplane loading determinations are calculated using the Weight &
Balance Loading Form (Figure 6-7), the Loading Data chart and table
(Figure 6-8), and the Moment Limits chart and table (Figure 6-9).
1. Basic Empty Weight – Enter the current Basic Empty Weight and
Moment from the Weight & Balance Record (Figure 6-4).
2. Front Seat Occupants – Enter the total weight and moment/1000
for the front seat occupants from the Loading Data (Figure 6-8).
3. Rear Seat Occupants – Enter the total weight and moment/1000
for the rear seat occupants from the Loading Data (Figure 6-8).
4. Baggage – Enter weight and moment for the baggage from the
Loading Data (Figure 6-8).
• If desired, subtotal the weights and moment/1000 from steps 1
through 4. This is the Zero Fuel Condition. It includes all useful
load items excluding fuel.
5. Fuel Loading – Enter the weight and moment of usable fuel
loaded on the airplane from the Loading Data (Figure 6-8).
• Subtotal the weight and moment/1000. This is the Ramp
Condition or the weight and moment of the aircraft before taxi.
6. Fuel for start, taxi, and runup – This value is pre-entered on the
form. Normally, fuel used for start, taxi, and runup is approximately
6 pounds at an average moment/1000 of 0.92.
7. Takeoff Condition – Subtract the weight and moment/1000 for
step 8 (start, taxi, and runup) from the Ramp Condition values
(step 7) to determine the Takeoff Condition weight and moment/
1000.
• The total weight at takeoff must not exceed the maximum
weight limit of 3000 pounds.
6-12
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
• The total moment/1000 must not be above the maximum or
below the minimum moment/1000 for the Takeoff Condition
Weight as determined from the Moment Limits chart or table
(Figure 6-9).
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
6-13
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Center of Gravity Limits
The charts below depict the airplane center-of-gravity envelope in
terms of inches aft of the reference datum and as a percentage of the
Mean Aerodynamic Cord (MAC). The relationship between the two is
detailed in the weighing instructions.
23.1 % MAC
FS 144.1
3000 lb
3000
31.3 % MAC
FS 148.0
3000 lb
Weight - Pounds
2800
31.5 % MAC
FS 148.1
2900 lb
16.7 % MAC
FS 141.0
2694 lb
2600
30.0 % MAC
FS 147.4
2570 lb
2400
12.0 % MAC
FS 138.7
2110 lb
2200
24.1 % MAC
FS 144.6
2110 lb
2000
138
140
142
144
146
148
150
C.G. - Inches Aft of Datum
SR20_FM02_1940A
FORWARD LIMIT - The forward limit is FS 138.7 (12.0% MAC) at 2110 lb., with straight line taper
to FS 141.0 (16.7% MAC) at 2694 lb., and to FS 144.1 (23.1% MAC) at 3000 lb.
AFT LIMIT - The aft limit is FS 144.6 (24.1% MAC) at 2110 lb., with straight line taper to FS 147.4
(30.0% MAC) at 2570 lb., to FS 148.1 (31.5% MAC) at 2900 lb., and to FS 148.0 (31.3% MAC) at
3000 lb.
6-14
Figure 6-6
Center of Gravity Limits
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Weight & Balance Loading Form
Serial Num: ________________ Date: ________________________
Reg. Num: _________________ Initials: ______________________
Item
Description
1.
Basic Empty Weight
Includes unusable fuel & full oil
2.
Front Seat Occupants
Pilot & Passenger (total)
3.
Rear Seat Occupants
4.
Baggage Area
130 lb maximum
5.
Zero Fuel Condition Weight
Sub total item 1 thru 4
6.
Fuel Loading
56 Gallon @ 6.0 lb/gal. Maximum
7.
Ramp Condition Weight
Sub total item 5 and 6
8.
Fuel for start, taxi, and runup
Normally 6 lb at average moment of 922.8
9.
Takeoff Condition Weight
Subtract item 8 from item 7
Weight
LB
–
Moment/
1000
–
• Note •
The Takeoff Condition Weight must not exceed 3000 lb. All weights above 2900 lb
must consist of fuel.
The Takeoff Condition Moment must be within the Minimum Moment to Maximum
Moment range at the Takeoff Condition Weight. (Refer to Figure 6-9, Moment
Limits).
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Figure 6-7
Weight and Balance Loading Form
6-15
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Loading Data
Use the following chart or table to determine the moment/1000 for fuel
and payload items to complete the Loading Form (Figure 6-7).
500
Fuel
Fwd Pass
Loading Chart
Aft Pass
Weight - Pounds
400
300
200
Baggage
100
0
0
Weight
LB
10
20
Fwd
Aft
Pass
Pass
FS 143.5 FS 180.0
3.60
30
40
50
Moment/1000
Baggage
Fuel
Weight
FS 208.0
FS 153.8
LB
4.16
3.08
220
60
70
80
90
SR20_FM06_1942
Fwd
Aft
Fuel
Pass
Pass
FS 143.5 FS 180.0 FS 153.8
20
2.87
31.57
39.60
33.83
40
5.74
7.20
8.32
6.15
240
34.44
43.20
36.90
60
8.61
10.80
12.48
9.23
260
37.31
46.80
39.98
80
11.48
14.40
16.64
12.30
280
40.18
50.40
43.05
100
14.35
18.00
20.80
15.38
300
43.05
54.00
46.13
120
17.22
21.60
24.96
18.45
320
45.92
57.60
49.20
140
20.09
25.20
(27.04)*
21.53
340
48.79
61.20
52.28
160
22.96
28.80
24.60
360
51.66
64.80
55.35
180
25.83
32.40
27.68
380
54.53
68.40
200
28.70
36.00
30.75
400
57.40
72.00
*130 lb Maximum
6-16
Figure 6-8
Loading Data
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Moment Limits
Use the following chart or table to determine if the weight and moment
from the completed Weight and Balance Loading Form (Figure 6-7)
are within limits.
3000
Weight - Pounds
2800
2600
2400
2200
2000
280
300
320
340
360
380
Moment/1000
400
420
440
SR20_FM06_1943A
Weight
Moment/1000
Weight
Moment/1000
LB
Minimum
Maximum
LB
Minimum
Maximum
2110
293
305
2600
366
383
2150
299
311
2650
374
391
2200
306
320
2700
381
399
2250
314
328
2750
390
406
2300
321
336
2800
398
414
2350
329
344
2850
407
422
2400
336
352
2900
415
429
2450
344
360
2950
424
437
2500
351
368
3000
432
444
2550
359
376
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Figure 6-9
Moment Limits
6-17
Section 6
Weight & Balance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Equipment List
This list will be determined after the final equipment has been installed
in the aircraft.
6-18
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Section 7
Airplane and Systems Description
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 7-5
Airframe .......................................................................................... 7-6
Fuselage ...................................................................................... 7-6
Wings........................................................................................... 7-6
Empennage ................................................................................. 7-7
Flight Controls ................................................................................. 7-8
Elevator System........................................................................... 7-8
Aileron System........................................................................... 7-10
Rudder System .......................................................................... 7-12
Trim Systems ................................................................................ 7-14
Pitch Trim Control System ......................................................... 7-14
Roll Trim Control System ........................................................... 7-14
Yaw Trim System....................................................................... 7-15
Flight Deck Arrangement .............................................................. 7-16
Instrument Panel........................................................................ 7-16
Center Console .......................................................................... 7-17
Flight Instruments ......................................................................... 7-21
Primary Flight Display ................................................................ 7-21
Attitude Indicator........................................................................ 7-26
Airspeed Indicator...................................................................... 7-27
Vertical Speed Indicator............................................................. 7-27
Altimeter..................................................................................... 7-28
Turn Coordinator........................................................................ 7-28
Directional Gyro ......................................................................... 7-29
Course Deviation Indicator ........................................................ 7-30
Horizontal Situation Indicator..................................................... 7-31
Magnetic Compass .................................................................... 7-33
Wing Flaps .................................................................................... 7-34
Flap Control Switch.................................................................... 7-34
Landing Gear ................................................................................ 7-36
Main Gear .................................................................................. 7-36
Nose Gear ................................................................................. 7-36
Airplane Cabin .............................................................................. 7-36
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-1
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cabin Doors ...............................................................................7-36
Baggage Compartment..............................................................7-38
Seats..........................................................................................7-38
Windshield and Windows...........................................................7-39
Cabin Safety Equipment ............................................................7-40
Engine ...........................................................................................7-43
Engine Oil System .....................................................................7-43
Engine Cooling...........................................................................7-43
Engine Fuel Injection .................................................................7-44
Engine Air Induction System......................................................7-44
Engine Fuel Ignition ...................................................................7-44
Engine Exhaust..........................................................................7-45
Engine Controls .........................................................................7-45
Alternate Air Control...................................................................7-46
Engine Indicating .......................................................................7-46
Propeller ........................................................................................7-55
Fuel System ..................................................................................7-56
Fuel Selector Valve....................................................................7-58
Fuel Quantity Indicator...............................................................7-59
Fuel Flow Indication ...................................................................7-62
Fuel Caution Light......................................................................7-62
Boost Pump Switch....................................................................7-63
Brake System.............................................................................7-64
Electrical System...........................................................................7-67
Power Generation ......................................................................7-67
Power Distribution......................................................................7-68
BAT & ALT Master Switches......................................................7-70
Avionics Power Switch...............................................................7-71
Volts and Ampere Meter/Indication............................................7-71
Ammeter Select Switch..............................................................7-73
Low-Volts Warning Light ............................................................7-73
ALT Fail Caution Lights..............................................................7-73
Circuit Breakers and Fuses........................................................7-74
Ground Service Receptacle .......................................................7-75
Convenience Outlet ...................................................................7-75
Exterior Lighting ............................................................................7-76
Navigation Lights .......................................................................7-76
Strobe Light................................................................................7-76
Landing Light .............................................................................7-76
7-2
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Interior Lighting ............................................................................. 7-76
Instrument Lights ....................................................................... 7-77
Panel Flood Lights ..................................................................... 7-77
Reading Lights........................................................................... 7-77
Overhead Dome Light................................................................ 7-77
Environmental System .................................................................. 7-78
Description and Operation ......................................................... 7-82
Pitot-Static System........................................................................ 7-84
Pitot Heat Switch ....................................................................... 7-84
Pitot Heat Light .......................................................................... 7-84
Alternate Static Source .............................................................. 7-86
Stall Warning System.................................................................... 7-86
Standard Avionics ......................................................................... 7-87
Multi-Function Display ............................................................... 7-89
Autopilot..................................................................................... 7-90
GPS Navigation ......................................................................... 7-93
Communication (COM) Transceivers ........................................ 7-95
Navigation (Nav) Receiver ......................................................... 7-96
Transponder .............................................................................. 7-98
Audio System............................................................................. 7-98
Emergency Locator Transmitter ................................................ 7-99
Hour Meter(s)........................................................................... 7-100
Digital Clock............................................................................. 7-101
Cirrus Airplane Parachute System .............................................. 7-103
System Description ..................................................................7-103
Activation Handle ..................................................................... 7-104
Deployment Characteristics ..................................................... 7-105
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-3
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
7-4
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Introduction
This section provides a basic description and operation of the
standard airplane and its systems. Optional equipment described
within this section is identified as optional.
• Note •
Some optional equipment, primarily avionics, may not be
described in this section. For description and operation of
optional equipment not described in this section, refer to
Section 9, Supplements
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-5
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airframe
Fuselage
The SR20 monocoque fuselage is constructed primarily of composite
materials and is designed to be aerodynamically efficient. The cabin
area is bounded on the forward side by the firewall at fuselage station
100, and on the rear by the aft baggage compartment bulkhead at
fuselage station 222. Comfortable seating is provided for four adults. A
composite roll cage within the fuselage structure provides roll
protection for the cabin occupants. The cabin and baggage
compartment floors are constructed of a foam core composite with
access to under-floor components.
All flight and static loads are transferred to the fuselage structure from
the wings and control surfaces through four wing attach points in two
locations under the front seats and two locations on the sidewall just
aft of the rear seats.
Serials 1423 and subsequent: The lower firewall employes a 20° bevel
to improve crashworthiness. In addition, an avionics bay is located aft
of bulkhead 222 and accessible through an access panel installed on
the RH side of the aft fuselage.
• Note •
Refer to Airplane Cabin description in this section for a
complete description of doors, windows, baggage
compartment, seats, and safety equipment.
Wings
The wing structure is constructed of composite materials producing
wing surfaces that are smooth and seamless. The wing cross section
is a blend of several high performance airfoils. A high aspect ratio
results in low drag. Each wing provides attach structure for the main
landing gear and contains a 30.25-gallon fuel tank.
The wing is constructed in a conventional spar, rib, and shear section
arrangement. The upper and lower skins are bonded to the spar, ribs,
and shear sections (rear spars) forming a torsion box that carries all of
the wing bending and torsion loads. The wing spar is manufactured in
one piece and is continuous from wing tip to wing tip. The shear webs
(rear spars) are similar in construction but do not carry through the
7-6
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
fuselage. The main wing spar passes under the fuselage below the
two front seats and is attached to the fuselage in two locations. The
rear shear webs are attached to the fuselage sidewalls just aft of the
rear seats.
Empennage
The empennage consists of a horizontal stabilizer, a two-piece
elevator, a vertical fin and a rudder. All of the empennage components
are conventional spar (shear web), rib, and skin construction.
The horizontal stabilizer is a single composite structure from tip to tip.
The two-piece elevator, attached to the horizontal stabilizer, is
aluminum.
The vertical stabilizer is composite structure integral to the main
fuselage shell for smooth transfer of flight loads. The rudder is
aluminum and is attached to the vertical stabilizer rear shear web at
three hinge points.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-7
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Flight Controls
The SR20 uses conventional flight controls for ailerons, elevator and
rudder. The control surfaces are pilot controlled through either of two
single-handed side control yokes mounted beneath the instrument
panel. The location and design of the control yokes allow easy, natural
use by the pilot. The control system uses a combination of push rods,
cables and bell cranks for control of the surfaces.
Roll trim and pitch trim are available through an electric button on the
top of each control yoke.
Elevator System
The two-piece elevator provides airplane pitch control. The elevator is
of conventional design with skin, spar and ribs manufactured of
aluminum. Each elevator half is attached to the horizontal stabilizer at
two hinge points and to the fuselage tailcone at the elevator control
sector.
Elevator motion is generated through the pilot’s control yokes by
sliding the yoke tubes forward or aft in a bearing carriage. A push-pull
linkage is connected to a cable sector mounted on a torque tube. A
single cable system runs from the forward elevator sector under the
cabin floor to the aft elevator sector pulley. A push-pull tube connected
to the aft elevator sector pulley transmits motion to the elevator
bellcrank attached to the elevators.
7-8
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
SR20_FM07_1461
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 7-1
Elevator Control System
7-9
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Aileron System
The ailerons provide airplane roll control. The ailerons are of
conventional design with skin, spar and ribs manufactured of
aluminum. Each aileron is attached to the wing shear web at two hinge
points.
Aileron control motion is generated through the pilot’s control yokes by
rotating the yokes in pivoting bearing carriages. Push rods link the
pivoting carriages to a centrally located pulley sector. A single cable
system runs from the sector to beneath the cabin floor and aft of the
rear spar. From there, the cables are routed in each wing to a vertical
sector/crank arm that rotates the aileron through a right angle conical
drive arm.
7-10
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
SR20_FM07_1462
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 7-2
Aileron Control System
7-11
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Rudder System
The rudder provides airplane directional (yaw) control. The rudder is of
conventional design with skin, spar and ribs manufactured of
aluminum. The rudder is attached to the aft vertical stabilizer shear
web at three hinge points and to the fuselage tailcone at the rudder
control bell crank.
Rudder motion is transferred from the rudder pedals to the rudder by a
single cable system under the cabin floor to a sector next to the
elevator sector pulley in the aft fuselage. A push-pull tube from the
sector to the rudder bell crank translates cable motion to the rudder.
Springs and a ground adjustable spring cartridge connected to the
rudder pedal assembly tension the cables and provide centering force.
A rudder-aileron interconnect is installed to provide a maximum of 8°
down aileron with full rudder deflection. Right rudder input will cause
right roll input and left rudder input will cause left roll input. With
neutral aileron trim, aileron inputs will not cause rudder deflection.
Control Locks
The Cirrus SR20 control system is not equipped with gust locks. The
trim spring cartridges have sufficient power to act as a gust damper
without rigidly locking the position.
7-12
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
SR20_FM07_1463
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 7-3
Rudder Control System
7-13
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Trim Systems
Roll and pitch trim are provided by adjusting the neutral position of a
compression spring cartridge in each control system by means of an
electric motor. The electric roll trim is also used by the autopilot to
position the ailerons. It is possible to easily override full trim or
autopilot inputs by using normal control inputs.
Ground adjustable trim tabs are installed on the rudder, elevator and
right aileron to provide small adjustments in neutral trim. These tabs
are factory set and do not normally require adjustment.
Pitch Trim Control System
An electric motor changes the neutral position of the spring cartridge
attached to the elevator control horn. A conical trim button located on
top of each control yoke controls the motor. Moving the switch forward
will initiate nose-down trim and moving the switch aft will initiate noseup trim. Neutral (takeoff) trim is indicated by the alignment of a
reference mark on the yoke tube with a tab attached to the instrument
panel bolster. The elevator trim also provides a secondary means of
aircraft pitch control in the event of a failure in the primary pitch control
system not involving a jammed elevator. Elevator (pitch) trim operates
on 28 VDC supplied through the 2-amp PITCH circuit breaker on Main
Bus 1.
Roll Trim Control System
An electric motor changes the neutral position of a spring cartridge
attached to the left actuation pulley in the wing. A conical trim button
located on top of each control yoke controls the motor. Moving the
switch left will initiate left-wing-down trim and moving the switch right
will initiate right-wing-down trim. Neutral trim is indicated by the
alignment of the line etched on the control yoke with the centering
indication marked on the instrument panel. The aileron trim also
provides a secondary means of aircraft roll control in the event of a
failure in the primary roll control system not involving jammed ailerons.
Aileron trim operates on 28 VDC supplied through the 2-amp ROLL
TRIM circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
7-14
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Yaw Trim System
Yaw trim is provided by spring cartridge attached to the rudder pedal
torque tube and console structure. The spring cartridge provides a
centering force regardless of the direction of rudder deflection. The
yaw trim is ground adjustable only.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-15
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Flight Deck Arrangement
The following paragraphs are a general description of the flight deck,
instrumentation, and controls. The instrument panel is designed for
glare-free use in all flight conditions. The instrument panel is arranged
primarily for use by the pilot in the left seat; however, it can be viewed
from either seat. For details relating to the instrumentation, switches,
circuit breakers, and controls on the instrument panel, bolster, and
center console, refer to the related topics in this section.
Instrument Panel
Serials 1268 through 1336: Flight instruments and annunciators are
located on the left side of the panel and engine instruments are
located on the right side of the instrument panel. A large color
multifunction display is located between the flight instruments and the
engine instruments. Temperature controls are located on the right side
below the engine instruments.
The SR20 uses standard flight instruments arranged in the 'basic-six'
pattern. They include:
Airspeed Indicator
Attitude Gyro
Altimeter
Turn Coordinator
HSI
Vertical Speed
Indicator
Serials 1268 through 1337, an electronic clock is located immediately
to the left of the flight instruments on the instrument panel.
A switch panel located in the “dash board” bolster below the flight
instruments contains the master and ignition switches, avionics power
switch, pitot heat switch, and lighting switches.
7-16
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The airplane is equipped with an
Avidyne FlightMax Entegra-Series Primary Flight Display (PFD). The
PFD is a 10.4” landscape-oriented display intended to be the primary
display of primary flight parameter information (attitude, airspeed,
heading, and altitude) to the pilot. The PFD accepts data from a
variety of sources, including the GPS sensors, the System 55X
Autopilot, and is the primary heading source for the Multifunction
Display.
Standby altimeter, airspeed, and attitude indicators are mounted on
the bolster panel in case of total or partial PFD failure. To provide roll
data to the autopilot system, a Turn Coordinator is mounted behind the
RH bolster panel.
Annunciators and the ignition switch are located on the left side of the
panel and a large color multifunction display is located adjacent to the
primary flight display. Temperature controls are located on the right
side below the glove compartment.
A switch panel located in the “dash board” bolster below the flight
instruments contains the master switch, avionics power switch, pitot
heat switch, and lighting switches.
Center Console
A center console contains the avionics, flap control and position lights,
power lever and mixture controls, fuel system indicator and controls,
and audio controls. System circuit breakers, the alternate static source
valve, alternate induction air control, and ELT panel switch are located
on the left side of the console for easy access by the pilot. A friction
knob for adjusting throttle and mixture control feel and position stability
is located on the right side of the console. An accessory outlet, map
compartment, audio jacks, hour meter, emergency egress hammer,
and headset jacks are installed inside the console armrest.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-17
Section 7
Airplane Description
TEMP C
30 + - 30
P. AL 0 2 4 6 40
T
200
180
G
Y
R
O
60
AIRSPEED
150
140
80
KNOTS
140
120
20
100
130
1
5
8
2
7 ALTIMETER
6
4
5
3
10
10
10
6
10
0
9
10
160
160
0
15
20
RPM
X
100
8
9
500
25
30
35
E 600
G 1500
T 1400
300
400F HC
O
300 T
OF
20
CIRRUS
7
200
5
4
6
N
SU
CT IO
32
+ 60
V
O
L
T
28
24
20
0
16
60
120
P
M R 30
A E 20
N S
S 10
P U S H/H
OL D A P D I
R
L
SC
21
5
4
3
ALT
PI T C
H IN FOR M A
ST HD
LO HI
TRK
N
T I O UP
TRIM
DN
5
IN H G
15
18 F
F
U L
EO
0 LW
GAL
HR
12
9
6
240
T 200
E
M 150
P 100
100
75
50
25
P
R
E
S
S
75 OIL 0
30
30
A
M
P
VERTICAL
E
RDY
L
10
N
NO
W
2
0
20
TURN COORDINATOR
2 MIN
SPEED
R
S
1
Cirrus Design
SR20
5
10
20
15
19
10
ALT AIR
PULL ON
18
ALT STATIC
SOURCE
NORMAL
PARK BRAKE
PULL ON
11
FUEL
LLFE
T
R
GI
12
17
16
Legend
1. Flight Instrument Panel
2. Annunciator Panel
3. Overhead Light & Switch
4. Magnetic Compass
5. Cirrus Airframe Parachute System
(CAPS) Activation T-Handle Cover
6. Multifunction Display
7. Engine Instruments
8. Temperature/Ventilation Controls
9. Control Yoke
10. Fresh Air “Eyeball” Outlet
7-18
15
14
11. Conditioned Air Outlet
12. Rudder Pedals
13. Flap Control & Position Indicators
14. Passenger Audio Jacks
15. Armrest
16. Engine & Fuel System Controls
17. Left Side Console
· Circuit Breaker Panel
· Alternate Engine Air
· Parking Brake
· Alternate Static Source
13
18. Avionics Panel
19. Bolster Switch Panel
20. Control Yoke
21. Start/Ignition Key Switch
SR20_FM07_1059E
Figure 7-4
Instrument Panel and Console (Sheet 1 of 3)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
1
2
3
Section 7
Airplane Description
6
5
4
FASTEN SEATBELTS
7
FIRE EXTINGUISHER UNDER PILOT SEAT FRONT
8
9
NO SMOKING
ALTITUDE GPH
16000 17
12000 18
8000 21
4000 24
SL 27
MAX POWER FUEL FLOWS
10
AMMETER
SELECT
ALT 1
ALT2
BATT
22
21
20
L
R
11
ALT AIR
PULL ON
19
ALT STATIC
SOURCE
NORMAL
PARK BRAKE
PULL ON
12
FUEL
LLFE
T
R
GI
13
18
17
Legend
1. Start/Ignition Key Switch
2. Annunciator Panel
3. Primary Flight Display
4. Overhead Light & Switch
5. Magnetic Compass
6. Cirrus Airframe Parachute System
(CAPS) Activation T-Handle Cover
7. Multifunction Display
8. Engine Instruments
16
15
9. Temperature/Ventilation Controls
10. Control Yoke
11. Fresh Air “Eyeball” Outlet
12. Conditioned Air Outlet
13. Rudder Pedals
14. Flap Control & Position Indicators
15. Passenger Audio Jacks
16. Armrest
17. Engine & Fuel System Controls
14
18. Left Side Console
· Circuit Breaker Panel
· Alternate Engine Air
· Parking Brake
· Alternate Static Source
19. Avionics Panel
20. Bolster Switch Panel
21. Control Yoke
22. Flight Instrument Panel
SR20_FM07_2027
Figure 7-4
Instrument Panel and Console (Sheet 2 of 3)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-19
Section 7
Airplane Description
1
2
3
Cirrus Design
SR20
6
5
4
7
8
9
10
22
21
20
11
ALT AIR
PULL ON
19
ALT STATIC
SOURCE
NORMAL
PARK BRAKE
PULL ON
12
FUEL
LLFE
T
R
GI
13
18
17
Legend
1. Start/Ignition Key Switch
2. Annunciator Panel
3. Primary Flight Display
4. Overhead Light & Switch
5. Magnetic Compass
6. Cirrus Airframe Parachute System
(CAPS) Activation T-Handle Cover
7. Multifunction Display
8. Glove Box
16
15
9. Temperature/Ventilation Controls
10. Control Yoke
11. Fresh Air “Eyeball” Outlet
12. Conditioned Air Outlet
13. Rudder Pedals
14. Flap Control & Position Indicators
15. Passenger Audio Jacks
16. Armrest
17. Engine & Fuel System Controls
14
18. Left Side Console
· Circuit Breaker Panel
· Alternate Engine Air
· Parking Brake
· Alternate Static Source
19. Avionics Panel
20. Bolster Switch Panel
21. Control Yoke
22. Flight Instrument Panel
SR20_FM07_2215
7-20
Figure 7-4
Instrument Panel and Console (Sheet 3 of 3)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Flight Instruments
• Note •
For additional information on instrument limit markings, refer
to Section 2, Limitations.
Primary Flight Display - Serials 1337 and Subsequent
The Primary Flight Display (PFD) provides the functions of the attitude
indicator, heading indicator, airspeed indicator, altimeter, vertical
speed indicator, directional gyro, course deviation indicator, and
altitude pre-select controller onto a single electronic display. In
addition, the PFD communicates with GPS1, GPS2, NAV1, NAV2, the
Multifunction Display, and Autopilot System.
An integral air data/attitude and heading reference system (ADAHRS)
uses a 3-axis solid state gyro and accelerometer system combined
with a magnetometer to replace the vertical and directional gyros.
ADAHRS also provides roll, pitch, heading data and continually
updates the winds aloft and true airspeed (TAS) indications on the
PFD. The magnetometer assembly mounted in the wing also provides
outside air temperature (OAT) data.
The airplane’s Pitot-Static system is connected to the PFD to provide
airspeed, altitude, and vertical speed.
Standby instruments for airspeed, attitude and altitude are mounted on
the LH bolster panel and are on separate power sources than the PFD.
Redundant power sources provide 28 VDC for system operation.
Power is supplied through the 10-amp PFD1 circuit breaker on the
Essential Bus and the 10-amp PFD2 circuit breaker on Main Bus 2.
Either circuit is capable of powering the PFD. System start-up is
automatic once power is applied. The display presents the Initialization
Display immediately after power is applied. Power-on default is 75%
brightness. Typical alignment times are 3 minutes from battery turn on.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-21
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
PFD 2
MAIN BUS 2
10
PFD 1
ESSENTIAL BUS
10
#1 GNS-430
GPS
PITOT
STATIC
Avidyne PFD
#2 GNS-430
GPS
OAT Sensor /
Magnetometer
Data Aquisition Unit
OFF
AP
ON
FD
ON
AP
Flight Director System
(Optional)
STEC System 55x
Autopilot
Avidyne MFD
SR20_FM07_1607B
7-22
Figure 7-5
PFD System - Simplified Schematic
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Attitude Direction Indicator (ADI)
Air Data
The airspeed tape to the left of the main ADI begins indicating at 20
Knots Indicated Airspeed (KIAS) and is color-coded to correspond
with airspeeds for VSO, VFE, VS, VNO, and VNE. An altitude tape is
provided to the right of the main ADI and also displays a symbol for the
Altitude preselect (Altitude bug). The Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) is
displayed to the right of the altitude tape. The displayed scale of the
VSI is +/- 2000 FPM and for rates above 2000 FPM, the needle will
peg just outside the scale and a digital readout of actual VSI up to
4000 FPM is then displayed. An additional data block is provided for
display of outside air temperature (OAT), true airspeed (TAS), and
groundspeed (GS). Controls for selecting bug and barometric
correction values are along the right side of the PFD. A wind indicator
is also provided beneath the altitude tape.
Attitude Data
Attitude is depicted on the main ADI using an aircraft reference symbol
against a background of labeled pitch ladders and an arced scale
along the top of the ADI to indicate bank angle. A skid/slip indicator is
attached to the bottom edge of the bank angle pointer.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-23
Section 7
Airplane Description
2
3
4
Cirrus Design
SR20
5
6 7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
AP RDY
M-BUS 24.0 V
E-BUS 24.0 V
20
20
5000
110
10
10
4900
1
10 0
9
20
48 00
10
4700
ILS
Power
20
80
20
4600
ILS
VLOC 1
Bearing
GPS 1
Aux
GPS 2
ILS
108.10
CRS 020°
1
17
N
037°/ 7
3
33
-5
-10
-20
Hdg Bug
005°
Alt Bug
6
4900 FT
30
VSI Bug
E
KLWH
BRG 352°
43.6 NM
00:17:52
W
-500 FPM
12
24
TAS110 KTS
GS 98 KTS
OAT 11°C
22
5
0
29.92"
006
SAV
DTK 020°
62.2 NM
00:26:18
Range
View
20
10
80
10
90
Nav
VS
4900 FT
120
74 %
16
21
21
LEGEND
1. Navigation & Avionics Configuration Buttons
2. Percent Power
3. Bus Voltages
4. Airspeed Window
5. Airspeed Tape
6. Autopilot Annunciations
7. Aircraft Reference Symbol
8. Bank Angle Indicator
9. Skid/Slip Indicator
10. Pitch Ladder
11. Flight Director Steering Command Bars
Tach 2400
MAP 32.0
FF 16.0
Oil 49
15
S
20
RPM
in-Hg
GPH
PSI
19
Baro Set
29.92"
Hdg
Sync
18 17
1
12. Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
13. Altitude Tape
14. Altitude Window
15. Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
16. Brightness Control (BRT/DIM)
17. Mode and Display Selection
18. Wind Vector
19. Engine Information Data Block
20. Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
21. Horizontal Deviation Indicator (HDI)
22. Air Data Block
SR20_FM07_2220A
7-24
Figure 7-6
Primary Flight Display
P/N 11934-003
Revision A6
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
Heading Data
Magnetic heading is represented in boxed numeric form at the top of
the compass rose. Heading rate (Rate of Turn Indicator) takes the form
of a blue arcing arrow that begins behind the magnetic heading
indicator and moves left or right accordingly. Graduations are provided
on the rate-of-turn indicator scale to indicate half and full standard-rate
turns. A heading bug is also provided on the compass rose.
Navigation Data
Navigation data on the PFD takes several forms. A course deviation
indicator (CDI) is always provided on the HSI and a bearing pointer
can be optionally selected for display on the HSI by the pilot. Controls
for selecting the source of navigation data, selecting the display format
of the navigation data, and for selecting the type of compass rose and
moving map to be displayed are along the left side of the PFD. The
active flight plan contained in the GPS Nav/Com unit selected as the
primary navigation source (Nav) can be optionally selected for display
on the HSI as well as the desired range of the optionally selectable
moving map display. If a localizer or ILS frequency is tuned and
captured in the GPS Nav/Com selected as the Nav source, a vertical
deviation indicator (VDI) and horizontal deviation indicator (HDI) are
automatically displayed on the ADI.
• Note •
In the event glide slope or localizer signals are lost, the HDI
and/or VDI will be displayed as red-“X”s to indicate loss of
signal. The red-“X”’ed indicator will only be removed if the
signal is regained, the Nav Source is changed on the PFD, or
if the GPS Nav/Com is retuned to another frequency.
Appropriate action must be taken by the pilot if on an
approach.
For a detailed description of the PFD, refer to the Avidyne FlightMax
Entegra-Series PFD Pilot’s Guide.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
7-25
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Attitude Indicator
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard
configuration: The airplane is not equipped with a standby
attitude indicator.
Serials 1337 and subsequent without SRV configuration: The
standby attitude indicator is mounted on the LH bolster panel.
The attitude indicator gives a visual indication of flight attitude. Bank
attitude is indicated by a pointer at the top of the indicator relative to
the bank scale with index marks at 10°, 20°, 30°, 60°, and 90° either
side of the center mark. A fixed miniature airplane superimposed over
a movable mask containing a white symbolic horizon bar, which
divides the mask into two sections, indicates pitch and roll attitudes.
The upper “blue sky” section and the lower “earth” sections have pitch
reference lines useful for pitch attitude control. The indicator can follow
maneuvers through 360° in roll and 360° in pitch. A knob at the bottom
of the instrument allows adjustment of the miniature airplane to the
horizon bar for a more accurate flight attitude indication.
A PULL TO CAGE knob on the indicator is used for quick erection of
the gyro. When the caging knob is pulled, the pitch and roll indications
will align to within 2° of their respective fixed references.
The instrument is electrically driven and a red GYRO flag indicates
loss of electrical power. Redundant circuits paralleled through diodes
at the indicator supply DC electrical power for gyro operation. 28 VDC
for attitude gyro operation is supplied through the 3-amp Attitude #1
circuit breaker on the Essential Bus and the 3-amp Attitude #2 circuit
breaker on the Main Bus 2.
7-26
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Airspeed Indicator
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The standby airspeed indicator
is mounted on the LH bolster panel and shows only indicated
airspeed.
Indicated and true airspeeds are indicated on a dual-scale, internally
lit precision airspeed indicator installed in the pilot’s instrument panel.
The instrument senses difference in static and Pitot pressures and
displays the result in knots on an airspeed scale. A single pointer
sweeps an indicated airspeed scale calibrated from 40 to 220 knots.
The ‘zero’ index is at the 12 o’clock position. A sub-scale aligns true
airspeed with the corresponding indicated airspeed when the altitude/
temperature correction is set in the correction window. A knob in the
lower left corner of the instrument is used to rotate the pressure
altitude scale in the correction window to align the current pressure
altitude with the outside air temperature.
Vertical Speed Indicator
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The Vertical Speed Indicator is
integrated into the PFD.
Airplane rate of climb or descent in feet per minute is displayed on the
internally lit Vertical Speed indicator installed in the pilot's instrument
panel. The instrument senses rate of change in static pressure from a
reference pressure and displays the result in climb or descent feet per
minute (FPM). Climb is indicated by clockwise rotation of the pointer
from zero and descent is indicated by counter clockwise rotation. The
'0' (zero) reference point is at the 9 o'clock position. The scale is
calibrated from 0 to 2000 FPM in 100-FPM increments in both the 'UP'
and 'DOWN' directions.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-27
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Altimeter
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The standby altimeter is
mounted on the LH bolster panel.
Airplane altitude is depicted on a conventional, three-pointer, internally
lit barometric altimeter installed in the pilot's instrument panel. The
instrument senses the local barometric pressure adjusted for altimeter
setting and displays the result on the instrument in feet. The altimeter
is calibrated for operation between -1000 and 20,000 feet altitude. The
scale is marked from 0 to 10 in increments of 2. The long pointer
indicates hundreds of feet and sweeps the scale every 1000 feet (each
increment equals 20 feet). The short, wide pointer indicates thousands
of feet and sweeps the scale every 10,000 feet (each increment equals
200 feet). The short narrow pointer indicates tens of thousands feet
and sweeps from 0 (zero) to 2 (20,000 feet with each increment equal
to 2000 feet). Barometric windows on the instrument's face allow
barometric calibrations in either inches of mercury (in.Hg) or millibars
(mb). The barometric altimeter settings are input through the
barometric adjustment knob at the lower left of the instrument.
Turn Coordinator
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: Turn Coordinator function and
roll data display is integrated into the PFD.
Avionics Configuration 2.0 and 2.1:
The electric turn coordinator displays roll information and provides roll
data to the integral autopilot system (System 20 or System 30) Roll
rate is sensed by a single-gimbal, electric-powered gyro and displayed
on the face of the instrument. The display consists of a symbolic
airplane rotates to indicate turn rate and a standard glass tube and
ball inclinometer. Markings, labeled L & R, indicate roll for a standard
rate turn in the direction indicated. Redundant circuits paralleled
through diodes at the indicator supply DC electrical power. 28 VDC for
roll rate gyro operation is supplied through the 2-amp TURN COORD
1 circuit breaker on the Essential Bus and the 2-amp TURN COORD 2
circuit breaker on the Main Bus 2.
7-28
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Avionics Configuration 2.2:
The electric turn coordinator, installed in the instrument panel, displays
roll information and provides roll data to the System 55X autopilot. The
instrument and power supplies are as described above.
Directional Gyro
Avionics Configuration 2.0:
The airplane is equipped with a directional gyro in the standard
configuration. If a directional gyro is not installed the airplane will be
equipped with an HSI.
The directional gyro, in the left instrument panel, displays airplane
heading by rotating a compass dial in relation to a fixed simulated
airplane image and lubber line. The compass dial rotates counter
clockwise for right turns. The compass dial should be set in agreement
with the magnetic compass just prior to takeoff. As the gyro will
precess slightly over a period of time, the directional gyro compass
dial should be readjusted occasionally on extended flights. 28 VDC for
lighting is supplied through the 2-amp INST LIGHTS circuit breaker on
Main Bus 1.
To adjust compass card:
1. Push and hold knob at lower left corner of instrument.
2. While holding knob in, rotate knob to adjust gyro compass dial
with current magnetic heading.
3. Release knob.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-29
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Course Deviation Indicator
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The Course Deviation Indicator
is integrated into the PFD.
Avionics Configuration 2.0 and 2.1:
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) displays navigation information
from the GPS navigator. The CDI displays GPS track deviation on a
single deviation bar instrument. A vertical line displays GPS track
deviation against a 5-dot scale. The indicator incorporates TO/FROM
annunciation and NAV flag. An OBS knob is used to manually rotate
the azimuth card to the desired bearing. 28 VDC for lighting is supplied
through the 2-amp INST LIGHTS circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
Avionics Configuration 2.2:
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) displays navigation information
from GPS 2 (Garmin GNS 430). Navigation source selection is made
using the CDI button on the GPS 2 control. The CDI displays course
deviation from a VOR or Localizer (LOC) and Glideslope when ‘VLOC’
is the selected navigation source and displays GPS track deviation
when ‘GPS’ is the selected navigation source. The instrument has two
deviation bars. The vertical line displays VOR/LOC or GPS track
deviation against a 5-dot scale. The horizontal line displays glideslope
deviation against a 5-dot scale. The indicator incorporates TO/FROM
annunciation, NAV flag, and GS flag. An OBS knob is used to
manually rotate the azimuth card to the desired bearing. 28 VDC for
instrument lighting is supplied through the 2-amp INST LIGHTS circuit
breaker on Main Bus 1.
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SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Horizontal Situation Indicator
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The Horizontal Situation
Indicator is integrated into the PFD.
Avionics Configuration 2.1:
The Century NSD-1000 is a conventional HSI that provides gyro
stabilized, magnetically slaved, heading information, a pictorial VOR/
LOC display with a conventional course arrow, and glideslope
presentation. The instrument displays airplane heading by rotating a
compass dial in relation to a fixed simulated airplane image and lubber
line. The HSI directional gyro, which drives the compass dial, is slaved
to a flux detector in the right wing through an amplifier under the
copilot’s floor. A FREE GYRO–SLAVE switch, below the display,
allows the pilot to select either Free Gyro mode or Slave mode. In
Slave mode, the gyro is slaved to the flux detector. In Free Gyro mode,
the gyro must be manually set to the airplane’s magnetic compass
using the PUSH-SET-CARD knob in the lower right corner of the
instrument. The course is set using the Course (Arrow) knob in the
lower left corner of the instrument. The HSI course and heading
outputs provided to the autopilot to allow NAV/LOC/GPS course
tracking or to track a preset heading.
The HSI incorporates conventional warning flags. The HDG (Heading)
flag will be out of view whenever the instrument is receiving sufficient
electrical power for operation. The NAV (Navigation) flag will be out of
view when a VOR or LOC frequency is tuned in the NAV1 receiver and
a reliable signal is present. The GS (Glideslope) flag will be out of view
when an ILS frequency is tuned on the Nav 1 receiver and a reliable
GS signal is present.
The NSD-1000 HSI is electrically driven and a red GYRO flag
indicates loss of electrical power. Redundant circuits paralleled
through diodes at the indicator supply DC electrical power for gyro
operation. 28 VDC for the redundant power circuits is supplied through
the 5-amp HSI/PFD 1 circuit breaker on the Essential Bus and 5-amp
HSI/PFD 2 circuit breaker on Main Bus 2.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
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Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Avionics Configuration 2.2:
The Sandel SN3308 combines the functions of an HSI, an RMI, a full
color moving map, a Stormscope display, GPS annunciator, and 3-light
marker beacon indicators. Compass information is derived from a
remote directional gyro and a flux detector. Redundant power sources
provide 28 VDC for system operation. Power is supplied through the 5amp HSI/PFD 1 circuit breaker on the Essential Bus and the 5-amp
HSI/PFD 2 circuit breaker on Main Bus 2. Either circuit is capable of
powering the Navigation Display.
The full-color display uses a rear-projection system driven by an active
matrix LCD display. The unit uses a halogen lamp as the singular
primary display projection light source. A separate dimming knob for
the display brightness is provided immediately below the display.
The HSI display shows heading and navigation information in a 360°
view similar to a conventional mechanical HSI, or in an EFIS 90° ARC
view. This includes compass card, heading bug, course pointer,
course deviation bar, TO/FROM indicator, glideslope indicator, and
flags. Heading bug and course pointer settings include digital readouts
that make it easy to set precise headings and courses. One button
operation allows primary navigation to be selected from up to four
different sources: two VOR/ILS receivers and two GPS receivers.
Either GPS1 or NAV1 may be selected as primary navigation sources.
Up to two bearing pointers can be displayed and switched to any NAV
receiver including GPS1, GPS2, NAV1, or NAV2. GPS2 and NAV2 can
only be displayed as bearing pointers, not as a primary navigation
source. The display is color-coded to indicate which navigation source
is selected: green for NAV1, yellow for NAV2, and red for GPS.
Auto Slew automatically turns the course pointer in response to
waypoint sequencing or Direct-To navigation from the GPS receiver
eliminating manual course changes at waypoints and reducing pilot
workload.
Heading and Course Sync allows the pilot, with one button, to
automatically set the heading bug directly to his current heading, or to
set the course pointer directly to a VOR station, simultaneously
centering course deviation. Course and heading command outputs for
autopilot operations are also provided.
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SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
The SN3308 detects and warns of abnormal conditions such as
flagged navigation receivers and failed directional gyro or flux detector.
It also monitors its own internal temperature and provides warnings for
over-temperature or loss of cooling conditions.
Redundant circuits paralleled through diodes at the indicator supply
DC electrical power for gyro operation. 28 VDC for the redundant
power circuits is supplied through the 5-amp HSI/PFD 1 circuit breaker
on the Essential Bus and 5-amp HSI/PFD 2 circuit breaker on Main
Bus 2.
Magnetic Compass
A conventional, internally lighted, liquid filled, magnetic compass is
installed on the cabin headliner immediately above the windshield. A
compass correction card is installed with the compass.
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Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Wing Flaps
The electrically controlled, single-slotted flaps provide low-speed lift
enhancement. Each flap is manufactured of aluminium and connected
to the wing structure at three hinge points. Rub strips are installed on
the top leading edge of each flap to prevent contact between the flap
and wing flap cove. The flaps are selectively set to three positions: 0%,
50% (16° ) and 100% (32° ) by operating the FLAP control switch. The
FLAP control switch positions the flaps through a motorized linear
actuator mechanically connected to both flaps by a torque tube.
Proximity switches in the actuator limit flap travel to the selected
position and provide position indication. The wing flaps and control
circuits are powered by 28 VDC through the 15-amp FLAPS circuit
breaker on the Non-Essential Bus.
Flap Control Switch
An airfoil-shaped FLAPS control switch is located at the bottom of the
vertical section of the center console. The control switch is marked
and has detents at three positions: UP (0%), 50% and 100% (Down).
The appropriate VFE speed is marked at the Flap 50% and 100%
switch positions. Setting the switch to the desired position will cause
the flaps to extend or retract to the appropriate setting. An indicator
light at each control switch position illuminates when the flaps reach
the selected position. The UP (0%) light is green and the 50% and
FULL (100%) lights are yellow.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
SR20_FM07_1460
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 7-7
Wing Flaps
7-35
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Landing Gear
Main Gear
The main landing gear are bolted to composite wing structure between
the wing spar and shear web. The landing gear struts are constructed
of composite material for fatigue resistance. The composite
construction is both rugged and maintenance free. The main wheels
and wheel pants are bolted to the struts. Each main gear wheel has a
15 x 6.00 x 6 tire with inner-tube installed. Standard wheel pants are
easily removable to provide access to tires and brakes. Access plugs
in the wheel pants can be removed to allow tire inflation and pressure
checking. Each main gear wheel is equipped with an independent,
hydraulically operated, single-disc type brake.
Nose Gear
The nose gear strut is of tubular steel construction and is attached to
the steel engine mount structure. The nosewheel is free castering and
can turn through an arc of approximately 216 degrees (108 degrees
either side of center). Steering is accomplished by differential
application of individual main gear brakes. The tube-type nosewheel
tire is 5.00 x 5.
Airplane Cabin
Cabin Doors
• Caution •
Serials 1423 and subsequent: The seat back must be in the fully
upright or the fully reclined position before closing the cabin door. Seat
backs in the forward or break-over position can cause damage to the
door handle or interior panel.
Two large forward hinged doors allow crew and passengers to enter
and exit the cabin. The door handles engage latching pins in the door
frame receptacles at the upper aft and lower aft door perimeter. Gas
charged struts provide assistance in opening the doors and hold the
doors open against gusts. Front seat armrests are integrated with the
doors. A key lock in each door provides security. The cabin door keys
also fit the baggage compartment door lock. Separate keys are
provided for the fuel caps.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
DEFROST AIR OUTLETS
STALL WARNING HORN
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
(UNDER PILOT'S SEAT)
OVERHEAD LIGHT AND SWITCH
A
DOOR HANDLE
EGRESS HAMMER
(IN ARMREST)
CABIN SPEAKER
PASSENGER FRESH
AIR OUTLET
OVERHEAD LIGHT AND SWITCH
TIEDOWN LOOPS
(4 PLACES, BAGGAGE FLOOR)
TIEDOWN LOOPS
(6 PLACES, AFT BULKHEAD)
DETAIL A
CAPS ACTIVATION T-HANDLE
(OVERHEAD)
SR20_FM07_1064
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 7-8
Cabin Arrangement
7-37
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Baggage Compartment
The baggage compartment door, located on the left side of the
fuselage aft of the wing, allows entry to the baggage compartment.
The baggage door is hinged on the forward edge and latched on the
rear edge. The door is locked from the outside with a key lock. The
baggage compartment key will also open the cabin doors.
The baggage compartment extends from behind the rear passenger
seat to the aft cabin bulkhead. The rear seats can be folded forward to
provide additional baggage area for long or bulky items.
Four baggage tie-down straps are provided to secure baggage and
other items loaded in the baggage compartment. Each strap assembly
has a hook at each end and a cam-lock buckle in the middle. The hook
ends clip over loop fittings installed in the baggage floor and in the aft
bulkhead. The tie-down straps should be stowed attached and
tightened to the fittings. If not adequately restrained, baggage
compartment items may pose a projectile hazard to cabin occupants in
the event of rapid deceleration. Secure all baggage items with tiedown straps.
To install tie-down strap:
1. Position straps over baggage. Thread straps through luggage
handles if possible.
2. Clip hook ends of straps over loop fittings.
3. Grasp the buckle and pull the loose strap end of each strap to
tighten straps over contents of baggage compartment.
To loosen tie-down straps:
1. Lift buckle release and pull on buckle to loosen strap.
2. Lift hook ends free of loop fittings.
Seats
The seating arrangement consists of two individually adjustable seats
for the pilot and front seat passenger and two individual seats with fold
down seat backs for the rear seat passengers.
The front seats are adjustable fore and aft and the seat backs can be
reclined for passenger comfort or folded forward for rear seat access.
Integral headrests are provided. The fore and aft travel path is
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
adjusted through the seat position control located below the forward
edge of the seat cushion. The seat track is angled upward for forward
travel so that shorter people will be positioned slightly higher as they
adjust the seat forward. Recline position is controlled through levers
located on each side of the seat backs. Depressing the recline release
control while there is no pressure on the seat back will return the seat
back to the full up position.
• Caution •
The seat bottoms have an integral aluminum honeycomb core
designed to crush under impact to absorb downward loads. To
avoid crushing this core, do not kneel or stand on the seats.
To position front seat fore and aft:
1. Lift the position control handle.
2. Slide the seat into position.
3. Release the handle and check that the seat is locked in place.
To adjust recline position:
1. Actuate and hold the seat back control lever.
2. Position the seat back to the desired angle.
3. Release the control lever.
Each rear seat consists of a fixed seat bottom, a folding seat back, and
a headrest. The seat backs can be unlatched from inside the baggage
compartment and folded forward to provide a semi-flat surface for
bulky cargo extending forward from the baggage compartment.
To fold seat back forward:
1. From the baggage access, lift the carpet panel at lower aft edge of
seat to reveal the seat back locking pins (attached to lanyards).
2. Remove the locking pins and fold seat forward.
Windshield and Windows
The windshield and side windows are manufactured of acrylic. Use
only clean soft cloths and mild detergent to clean acrylic surfaces.
Refer to Section 8 for detailed cleaning instructions.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-39
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cabin Safety Equipment
Passenger Restraints
Integrated seat belt and shoulder harness assemblies with inertia
reels are provided for the pilot and each passenger. The rear seat
belts are attached to fittings on the floorboard and the forward seat
belts are attached to the seat frame. The shoulder harnesses are
attached to inertia reels mounted in the seat back for the front seats
and on the baggage compartment rear bulkhead for the rear seats.
Each harness is attached to the seat belt. The buckle half of each
assembly is on the left-hand side and the link half is on the right-hand
side. The inertia reels allow complete freedom of movement of the
occupant’s upper torso. In the event of a sudden deceleration, the
reels lock automatically to protect the occupants. It is recommended
that the seat belts be stowed in the latched position when not in use.
Serials 1268 through 1540 after SB 2X-25-14 and serials 1541 and
subsequent; An inflatable shoulder harness is integral to each crew
seat harness. The electronic module assembly, mounted below the
cabin floor, contains a crash sensor, battery, and related circuitry to
monitor the deceleration rate of the airplane. In the event of a crash,
the sensor evaluates the crash pulse and sends a signal to an inflator
assembly mounted to the aft seat frame. This signal releases the gas
in the inflator and rapidly inflates the airbag within the shoulder
harness cover, After airbag deployment, the airbag deflates to enable
the pilot/co-pilot to egress the aircraft without obstruction.
The crash sensor’s predetermined deployment threshold does not
allow inadvertent deployment during normal operations, such as hard
landings, strikes on the seat, or random vibration.
• Caution •
No slack may exist between the occupant’s shoulder and
restraint harness shoulder strap.
Stow the seat belts in the latched position when not in use.
To use the restraints:
1. Slip arms behind the harness so that the harness extends over
shoulders.
2. Hold the buckle and firmly insert the link.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
3. Grasp the seat belt tabs outboard of the link and buckle and pull to
tighten. Buckle should be centered over hips for maximum comfort
and safety.
4. Restraint harnesses should fit snug against the shoulder with the
lap buckle centered and tightened around the hips.
To release the restraints:
1. Grasp the top of the buckle opposite the link and pull outward. The
link will slip free of buckle.
2. Slip arms from behind the harness.
Emergency Egress Hammer
An eight-ounce ball-peen type hammer is located in the center armrest
accessible to either front seat occupant. In the event of a mishap
where the cabin doors are jammed or inoperable, the hammer may be
used to break through the acrylic windows to provide an escape path
for the cabin occupants.
Fire Extinguisher
A liquefied-gas-type fire extinguisher, containing Halon 1211/1301
extinguishing agent, is mounted on the forward inboard side of the
pilot’s seat base. The extinguisher is approved for use on class B
(liquid, grease) and class C (electrical equipment) fires. The Halon
1211/1301 blend provides the best fire extinguishing capability with
low toxicity. A pin is installed through the discharge mechanism to
prevent inadvertent discharge of extinguishing agent. The fire
extinguisher must be replaced after each use.
To operate the extinguisher:
1. Loosen retaining clamp and remove the extinguisher from its
mounting bracket.
2. Hold the extinguisher upright and pull the pin.
3. Get back from the fire and aim nozzle at base of fire at the nearest
edge.
4. Press red lever and sweep side to side.
• WARNING •
Halon gas used in the fire extinguisher can be toxic, especially
in a closed area. After discharging fire extinguisher, ventilate
P/N 11934-003
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7-41
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
cabin by opening air vents and unlatching door. Close vents
and door after fumes clear.
The extinguisher must be visually inspected before each flight to
assure that it is available, charged, and operable. The preflight
inspection consists of ensuring that the nozzle is unobstructed, the pin
has not been pulled, and the canister has not been damaged.
Additionally, the unit should weigh approximately 1.5 lb (0.7 kg). For
preflight, charge can be determined by ‘hefting’ the unit.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Engine
The SR20 is powered by a Teledyne Continental IO-360-ES, sixcylinder, normally aspirated, fuel-injected engine de-rated to 200 hp at
2,700 RPM. The engine has a 2000-hour Time Between Overhaul
(TBO). Dual, conventional magnetos provide ignition.
The engine is attached to the firewall by a four-point steel mount
structure. The firewall attach points are structurally reinforced with
gusset-type attachments that transfer thrust and bending loads into
the fuselage shell.
Engine Oil System
The engine is provided with a wet-sump, high-pressure oil system for
engine lubrication and cooling. Oil for engine lubrication is drawn from
an eight-quart capacity sump through an oil suction strainer screen
and directed to the engine-mounted oil cooler. The oil cooler is
equipped with a pressure relief and temperature control valve set to
bypass oil if the temperature is below 170° F or the pressure drop is
greater than 18 psi. Bypass or cooled oil is then directed through the
one-quart, full-flow oil filter, a pressure relief valve, and then through
oil galleries to the engine rotating parts and piston inner domes. Oil is
also directed to the propeller governor to regulate propeller pitch. The
complete oil system is contained in the engine. An oil filler cap and
dipstick are located at the left rear of the engine. The filler cap and
dipstick are accessed through a door on the top left side of the engine
cowling.
• Caution •
The engine should not be operated with less than six quarts of
oil. Seven quarts (dipstick indication) is recommended for
extended flights.
Engine Cooling
Engine cooling is accomplished by discharging heat to the oil and then
to the air passing through the oil cooler, and by discharging heat
directly to the air flowing past the engine. Cooling air enters the engine
compartment through the two inlets in the cowling. Aluminum baffles
direct the incoming air to the engine and over the engine cylinder
cooling fins where the heat transfer takes place. The heated air exits
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
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Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
the engine compartment through two vents in the aft portion of the
cowling. No movable cowl flaps are used.
Engine Fuel Injection
The multi-nozzle, continuous-flow fuel injection system supplies fuel
for engine operation. An engine driven fuel pump draws fuel from the
selected wing tank and passes it to the mixture control valve integral to
the pump. The mixture control valve proportions fuel in response to the
pilot operated mixture control lever position and automatically provides
altitude compensation to supply the proper full rich mixture at any
altitude. From the mixture control, fuel is routed to the fuel-metering
valve on the air-induction system throttle body. The fuel-metering valve
adjusts fuel flow in response to the pilot controlled Power Lever
position. From the metering valve, fuel is directed to the fuel manifold
valve (spider) and then to the individual injector nozzles. The system
meters fuel flow in proportion to engine RPM, throttle angle, and
ambient altitude pressure. Manual mixture control and idle cut-off are
provided. An electric fuel pump provides fuel boost for vapor
suppression and for priming.
Engine Air Induction System
Induction air enters the engine compartment through the two inlets in
the forward cowling. The air passes through a dry-foam induction filter,
through the throttle butterfly, into the six-tube engine manifold, and
finally through the cylinder intake ports into the combustion chambers.
Should the dry induction filter become clogged, a pilot controlled
alternate induction air door can be opened, allowing engine operation
to continue. Refer to Engine Controls, Alternate Air Control.
Engine Fuel Ignition
Two engine-driven magnetos and two spark plugs in each cylinder
provide fuel ignition. The right magneto fires the lower right and upper
left spark plugs, and the left magneto fires the lower left and upper
right spark plugs. Normal operation is conducted with both magnetos,
as more complete burning of the fuel-air mixture occurs with dual
ignition.
7-44
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Engine Exhaust
Engine exhaust gases are routed through a dual tuned exhaust
system. After leaving the cylinders, exhaust gases are routed through
the exhaust manifold, through mufflers located on either side of the
engine, and then overboard through exhaust pipes exiting through the
lower cowling. A muff type heat exchanger, located around the right
muffler, provides cabin heat.
Engine Controls
Engine controls are easily accessible to the pilot on a center console.
They consist of a single-lever power (throttle) control and a mixture
control lever. A friction control wheel, labeled FRICTION, on the right
side of the console is used to adjust control lever resistance to rotation
for feel and control setting stability. An alternate induction air source
control is also provided.
Power (Throttle) Lever
The single-lever throttle control, labeled MAX-POWER-IDLE, on the
console adjusts the engine throttle setting in addition to automatically
adjusting propeller speed. The lever is mechanically linked by cables
to the air throttle body/fuel-metering valve and to the propeller
governor. Moving the lever towards MAX opens the air throttle butterfly
and meters more fuel to the fuel manifold. A separate cable to the
propeller governor adjusts the governor oil pressure to increase
propeller pitch to maintain engine RPM. The system is set to maintain
approximately 2500 RPM throughout the cruise power settings and
2700 RPM at full power.
Mixture Control
The mixture control lever, labeled RICH-MIXTURE-CUTOFF, on the
console adjusts the proportion of fuel to air for combustion. The
Mixture Control Lever is mechanically linked to the mixture control
valve in the engine-driven fuel pump. Moving the lever forward
(towards RICH) repositions the valve allowing greater proportions of
fuel and moving the lever aft (towards CUTOFF) reduces the
proportion of fuel. The full aft position (CUTOFF) closes the control
valve.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-45
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Start/Ignition Switch
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent: The Start/Ignition Switch is
located on the instrument panel.
A rotary-type key switch, located on the left bolster, controls ignition
and starter operation. The switch is labeled OFF-R-L- BOTH-START.
In the OFF position, the starter is electrically isolated, the magnetos
are grounded and will not operate. Normally, the engine is operated on
both magnetos (switch in BOTH position) except for magneto checks
and emergency operations. The R and L positions are used for
individual magneto checks and for single magneto operation when
required. When the BAT 1 master switch is ON, rotating the switch to
the spring-loaded START position energizes the starter and activates
both magnetos. The switch automatically returns to the BOTH position
when released.
Alternate Air Control
An Alternate Induction Air Control knob, labeled ALT AIR – PULL, is
installed on the left console near the pilot’s right ankle. To operate the
control, depress the center lock button, pull the knob to the open
position, and then release the lock button. Pulling the knob opens the
alternate air induction door on the engine induction air manifold,
bypasses the air filter, and allows warm unfiltered air to enter the
engine. Alternate induction air should be used if blocking of the normal
air source is suspected. Operation using alternate induction air should
be minimized and the cause of filter blocking corrected as soon as
practical.
Engine Indicating
The SR20 is equipped with engine instrumentation and warning lights
to monitor the engine performance.
• Note •
For additional information on instrument limit markings, refer
to Section 2, Limitations.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Serials 1268 through 1581: The engine instruments are located on the
right side of the instrument panel and the oil temperature/pressure
warning light is located in the annunciator panel immediately in front of
the pilot.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: The engine instrumentation is displayed
on the MFD’s Engine Page. A separate Data Acquisition Unit (DAU),
mounted above the right hand kickplate, converts analog signals from
the CHT, EGT, MAP, oil pressure, oil temperature, and tachometer
sensors to digital format, which are then transmitted to the MFD and/or
PFD for display. 28 VDC for Data Acquisition Unit operation is supplied
through the 2-amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the
Essential Bus
The PFD presents percent power in the upper left area of the display
in vertical tape format and as text immediately above. Engine RPM,
manifold pressure, fuel flow and oil pressure are continuously
displayed in the engine data block located in the lower right corner of
the PFD.
System health, caution, and warning messages are displayed in colorcoded advisory boxes in the lower right corner of the MFD. In addition,
the text of the engine parameters displayed on the PFD change to the
corresponding color of advisory box during an annunciation event.
The oil temperature/pressure warning light is located in the
annunciator panel immediately in front of the pilot.
• Note •
Serials 1268 and subsequent with optional EMax Engine
Monitoring after factory installation or after Service Bulletin SB
22-77-01: The following engine instrument component
descriptions are the same as those listed for airplane serials
1582 and subsequent except:
• EGT and CHT probes are installed to each exhaust pipe and
cylinder head respectively. MFD functionality is enhanced by
displaying six channels of EGT and CHT data.
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide, for a more
complete description of the MFD, its operating modes, and additional
detailed operating procedures for the EMax option.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
7-47
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
1
3
2
FUEL
R
I
G
L
E
F
T
Start / Ignition Switch
Serials 1005 thru 1336 :
Switch is located on the
left bolster panel.
Controls
4
5,6
7,8
9
Alternate Air Control
LEGEND
1. Power Lever
2. Mixture Control
3. Friction Control
4. Tachometer
5. EGT
7-48
Serials 1005 thru 1581.
6. CHT
7. Oil Temperature
8. Oil Pressure
9. Manifold Pressure
Engine Instruments
SR20_FM07_1603A
Figure 7-9
Engine Controls and Indicating (Sheet 1 of 2)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
OIL
11
LOW VOLTS
FUEL
PITOT HEAT
ALT 1
ALT 2
Annunciator
Panel
10
Primary Flight Display
4
LEGEND
4. Tachometer
5. EGT ( shown w ith EM ax )
6. CHT (shown with EMax)
7. Oil Temperature
8. Oil Pressure
9. Manifold Pressure
10. Percent Power
11. Oil Warning Light
9
11
5
7
4,9,8
8
6
Multifunction Display
Engine Instruments
Serials 1582 & subs.
SR20_FM07_2217
Figure 7-9
Engine Controls and Indicating (Sheet 2 of 2)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-49
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Tachometer
Serials 1268 through 1581: A 2¼” tachometer is mounted on the right
instrument panel adjacent to the other engine instruments. The
tachometer pointer sweeps a scale marked from 0 to 3500 RPM in 100
RPM increments.
The electrically operated tachometer receives a speed signal from a
magnetic pickup on the right hand magneto. 28 VDC for instrument
operation is supplied through the 5-amp ENGINE INST circuit breaker
on Main Bus 1.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Engine RPM is shown in the upper leftmost corner of the MFD as both a simulated tachometer and as text.
The simulated tachometer receives a speed signal from a magnetic
pickup on the right hand magneto via the DAU and sweeps a scale
marked from 0 to 3000 RPM in 50 RPM increments.
Engine RPM is also continuously displayed in the engine data block
located in the lower right corner of the PFD.
In the event engine speed exceeds 2710 RPM for five seconds, the
MFD will display “Check RPM” in a red advisory box in the lower right
corner of the MFD.
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
Exhaust Gas Temp / Cylinder Head Temp Gage/Bar Graphs
Serials 0002 through 1601, 1603 through 1643 and 1645 through
1662 without EMax Engine Monitoring: A 2¼” combination Exhaust
Gas Temperature (EGT) and Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT)
indicator is mounted in the right instrument panel. 28 VDC for
instrument operation is supplied through the 5-amp ENGINE INST
circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
The EGT pointer sweeps a scale marked from 1250°F to 1650°F in
25°F increments. The EGT scale has no limit markings. The
electrically operated EGT indicator receives a temperature signal from
a thermocouple mounted in the exhaust stream of the #4 cylinder
exhaust pipe. The CHT pointer sweeps a scale marked from 200°F to
500°F. The electrically operated CHT indicator receives a temperature
7-50
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
signal from a temperature sensor mounted in the #6 cylinder head on
the left side of the engine.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) and
Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT) readings are displayed on the MFD
as vertical bars that ascend and descend respective to increasing and
decreasing temperatures.
The EGT indicator receives a temperature signal via the DAU from a
sensor mounted in the exhaust stream of the #4 cylinder exhaust pipe.
The EGT bar and graph is marked from 1000°F to 1600°F in 100°F
increments. The EGT of the cylinder is displayed above the bar in text
and an up or down trend arrow appears below the temperature to
indicate whether EGT is rising or falling.
The CHT indicator receives a temperature signal via the DAU from a
sensor mounted in the #6 cylinder head. The CHT bar and graph is
marked from 100°F to 500°F in 100°F increments. The CHT of the
cylinder is displayed above the bar in text and an up or down trend
arrow appears below the temperature to indicate whether CHT is
rising or falling.
In the event CHT exceeds 420°F, the MFD will display “Check CHT” in
a yellow advisory box in the lower right corner of the MFD. In the event
CHT exceeds 460°F, the MFD will display “Check CHT” in a red
advisory box in the lower right corner of the MFD.
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
Oil Temperature / Oil Pressure Gage(s)
Serials 1268 through 1581: A 2¼” combination Oil Temperature and
Oil Pressure indicator is mounted on the right instrument panel below
the EGT/CHT indicator. The instrument is internally lighted. 28 VDC
for instrument operation is supplied through the 5-amp ENGINE INST
circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
The Oil Temperature pointer sweeps a scale marked from 50°F to
250°F in 25°F increments. The Oil Temperature indicator receives a
temperature signal from a temperature sending unit mounted at the
lower left side of the engine below the oil cooler.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-51
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
The Oil Pressure pointer sweeps a scale marked from 0 psi to 100 psi.
The Oil Pressure indicator receives a pressure signal from an oil
pressure sensor mounted at the aft end of the engine below the oil
cooler. Normally, oil pressure may drop to 10 psi at idle but will be in
the 30 - 60 psi range at higher RPM.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Oil temperature is shown in the upper
right corner of the MFD as both a simulated temperature gage and as
text. The simulated gage receives a temperature signal from a sensor
mounted below the oil cooler via the DAU and sweeps a scale marked
from 75°F to 250°F in 10°F increments.
In the event oil temperature reaches 235°F, the MFD will display
“Monitor Oil Temperature” in a red advisory box in the lower right
corner of the MFD.
In the event oil temperature exceeds 240°F, the MFD will display
“Check Oil Temp” in a red advisory box in the lower right corner of the
MFD.
Oil pressure is shown in the upper right-most corner of the MFD as
both a simulated pressure gage and as text. The simulated gage
receives a pressure signal from a sensor mounted below the oil cooler
via the DAU and sweeps a scale marked from 0 psi to 100 psi in 5 psi
increments.
Oil pressure is also continuously displayed in the engine data block
located in the lower right corner of the PFD.
In the event oil pressure falls below 10 psi or exceeds 99 psi, the MFD
will display “Check Oil Press” in a red advisory box in the lower right
corner of the MFD.
In the event oil pressure falls below 30 psi or exceeds 75 psi, the MFD
will display “Check Oil Press” in a yellow advisory box in the lower right
corner of the MFD.
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus
Fuel Flow and/or Manifold Pressure Gage
Serials 1268 through 1581: A 2¼” combination Fuel Flow and Manifold
Pressure indicator is mounted on the right instrument panel
immediately below the tachometer. The indicator is internally lighted.
7-52
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
28 VDC for instrument operation is supplied through the 5-amp
ENGINE INST circuit breaker on Main Bus #1.
The Fuel Flow pointer sweeps a scale marked from 0 to 30 Gal/Hr.
The electrically operated Fuel Flow indicator receives a fuel-flow rate
signal from a fuel-flow transducer on the right side of the engine in the
fuel line between the engine driven fuel pump and throttle body
metering valve.
The Manifold Pressure pointer sweeps a scale marked from 10 to 30
inches Hg in one-inch Hg increments. The electrically operated
manifold pressure indicator receives a pressure signal from a pressure
sensor mounted in the induction airstream on the left side of the
induction air manifold near the throttle body.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Manifold pressure is shown in the upper
left corner of the MFD as both a simulated temperature gage and as
text.
The simulated gage receives a pressure signal from a pressure sensor
mounted in the induction air manifold near the throttle body via the
DAU and sweeps a scale marked from 10 to 30 inches Hg in one-inch
Hg increments.
Manifold pressure is also continuously displayed in the engine data
block located in the lower right corner of the PFD.
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
Percent Power Gage
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Percent power is shown in the upper
middle section of the MFD as both a simulated gage and as text.
The simulated gage displays calculated percent of maximum engine
power produced by the engine based on an algorithm employing
manifold pressure, indicated air speed, outside air temperature,
pressure altitude, engine speed and fuel flow. The percent power gage
sweeps a scale marked from 0 to 100 percent in 5 percent increments.
Percent power is also continuously displayed in the upper left area of
the PFD in vertical tape format and as text immediately above.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-53
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
Oil Warning Light
The red OIL warning light in the annunciator panel comes on to
indicate either high oil temperature or low oil pressure. The light is
illuminated by a switch in the oil temperature gage/DAU if the oil
temperature reaches 240°F or if the oil pressure drops to 10 psi or
less. If the OIL warning light comes on in flight, refer to the oil
temperature and pressure gages to determine the cause. Typically, low
oil pressure will be accompanied by a high oil temperature indication.
The light is powered by 28 VDC through the 2-amp ANNUN / ENGINE
INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
7-54
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Propeller
The airplane is equipped with a constant-speed, aluminum-alloy
propeller with a governor. The airplane is available with the standard
two-blade (76” diameter) propeller or an optional three-blade (74”
diameter) propeller.
The propeller governor automatically adjusts propeller pitch to
regulate propeller and engine RPM. The propeller governor senses
engine speed by means of flyweights and senses throttle setting
through a cable connected to the power (throttle) control lever in the
cockpit. The propeller governor boosts oil pressure in order to regulate
propeller pitch position. Moving the throttle lever forward causes the
governor to meter less high-pressure oil to the propeller hub allowing
centrifugal force acting on the blades to lower the propeller pitch for
higher RPM operation. Reducing the power (throttle) lever position
causes the governor to meter more high-pressure oil to the propeller
hub forcing the blades to a higher pitch, lower RPM, position. During
stabilized flight, the governor automatically adjusts propeller pitch in
order to maintain an RPM setting (throttle position). Any change in
airspeed or load on the propeller results in a change in propeller pitch.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-55
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Fuel System
A 56-gallon usable wet-wing fuel storage system provides fuel for
engine operation. The system consists of a 30.3-gallon capacity (28gallon usable) vented integral fuel tank in each wing, a fuel collector/
sump in each wing, a three-position selector valve, an electric boost
pump, and an engine-driven fuel pump. Fuel is gravity fed from each
tank to the associated collector sumps where the engine-driven fuel
pump draws fuel through a filter and selector valve to pressure feed
the engine fuel injection system. The electric boost pump is provided
for engine priming and vapor suppression.
Each integral wing fuel tank has a filler cap in the upper surface of
each wing for fuel servicing. An access panel in the lower surface of
each wing provides access to the associated wet compartment (tank)
for general inspection and maintenance. Float-type fuel quantity
sensors in each wing tank provide fuel level information to the fuel
quantity indicators. Positive pressure in the tank is maintained through
a vent line from each wing tank. Fuel, from each wing tank, gravity
feeds through strainers and a check valve to the associated collector
tank/sump in each wing. Each collector tank/sump incorporates a flush
mounted fuel drain and a vent to the associated fuel tank.
The engine-driven fuel pump pulls filtered fuel from the two collector
tanks through a three-position (LEFT-RIGHT-OFF) selector valve. The
selector valve allows tank selection. From the fuel pump, the fuel is
proportioned to the induction airflow, metered to a flow divider, and
delivered to the individual cylinders. Excess fuel is returned to the
selected tank.
Fuel quantity indicators for each tank are located in the center console
next to the fuel selector in plain view of the pilot. Fuel shutoff and tank
selection is positioned nearby for easy access.
Fuel system venting is Essential to system operation. Blockage of the
system will result in decreasing fuel flow and eventual engine fuel
starvation and stoppage. Venting is accomplished independently from
each tank by a vent line leading to a NACA-type vent mounted in an
access panel underneath the wing near each wing tip.
7-56
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
VENT
Section 7
Airplane Description
ANNUNCIATOR
FUEL
FUEL
QUANTITY
INDICATOR
FILLER
VENT
FILLER
L. WING TANK
R. WING TANK
R. WING
COLLECTOR
L. WING
COLLECTOR
SELECTOR
VALVE
FLAPPER
VALVE
DRAIN
(5 PLACES)
FLAPPER
VALVE
FIREWALL
ELECTRIC
AUXILIARY
PUMP
SELECTOR VALVE
OPERATION
FUEL
RELAY
BOOST
FUEL
PUMP
PRIME
RIGHT
RETURN
FEED
RETURN
FEED
GASCOLATOR
OIL
PRESSURE
SENSOR
(LOW PRESSURE)
LEFT
ENGINE DRIVEN
FUEL PUMP
MIXTURE CNTL.
OFF
FUEL
FLOW
INDICATOR
NOTE
In Prime mode, relay
allows high-speed pump
operation when the oil
pressure is less than 10 psi.
STARTING
CIRCUIT / DAU
THROTTLE
METERING
VALVE
INJECTOR
MANIFOLD
SR20_FM07_1828B
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Figure 7-10
Fuel System Schematic
7-57
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
The airplane may be serviced to a reduced capacity to permit heavier
cabin loadings. This is accomplished by filling each tank to a tab
visible below the fuel filler, giving a reduced fuel load of 13 gallons
usable in each tank (26 gallons total usable in all flight conditions).
Drain valves at the system low points allow draining the system for
maintenance and for examination of fuel in the system for
contamination and grade. The fuel must be sampled prior to each
flight. A sampler cup is provided to drain a small amount of fuel from
the wing tank drains, the collector tank drains, and the gascolator
drain. If takeoff weight limitations for the next flight permit, the fuel
tanks should be filled after each flight to prevent condensation.
• Note •
Serials 1268 and subsequent with optional EMax Engine
Monitoring after factory installation or after Service Bulletin SB
22-77-01: The following fuel system component descriptions
are the same as those listed for airplane serials 1582 and
subsequent except:
• MFD functionality is enhanced by displaying fuel used, fuel
remaining, time remaining, fuel economy, and the addition of
Initial Usable Fuel page.
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide for a more
complete description of the MFD, its operating modes, and additional
detailed operating procedures for the EMax option.
Fuel Selector Valve
A fuel selector valve, located at the rear of the center console,
provides the following functions:
• LEFT...................................Allows fuel to flow from the left tank
• RIGHT ............................ Allows fuel to flow from the right tank
• OFF ........................................Cuts off fuel flow from both tanks
The valve is arranged so that to feed off a particular tank the valve
should be pointed to the fuel indicator for that tank. To select RIGHT or
LEFT, rotate the selector to the desired position. To select Off, first
raise the fuel selector knob release and then rotate the knob to OFF.
7-58
P/N 11934-003
Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Fuel Quantity Indicator
A dual reading 2¼” fuel quantity indicator is installed on the console
immediately forward of the fuel selector valve. The LEFT pointer
indicates left tank fuel quantity and sweeps a scale marked from 0 to
28 U.S. gallons in 2½-gallon increments. The RIGHT pointer sweeps
an identical scale for the right tank. Each scale is marked with a yellow
arc from 0 to 8.2 gallon. The indicators are calibrated to read ‘0’ when
no usable fuel remains. Each indicator also provides an output signal
to illuminate the FUEL caution light when the fuel quantity goes below
approximately 8-9 gallons in each tank. The indicator is internally
lighted. Serials 1268 through 1581: 28 VDC for fuel quantity system
operation is supplied through the 5-amp ENGINE INST circuit breaker
on Main Bus 1. Serials 1582 and subsequent: 28 VDC for fuel quantity
system operation is supplied through the 5-amp FUEL QTY / HOBBS
circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
• Note •
When the fuel tanks are 1/4 full or less, prolonged
uncoordinated flight such as slips or skids can uncover the
fuel tank outlets. Therefore, if operating with one fuel tank dry
or if operating on LEFT or RIGHT tank when 1/4 full or less, do
not allow the airplane to remain in uncoordinated flight for
periods in excess of 30 seconds.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-59
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
4
Serials 1005 thru 1581.
1
2
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
LEGEND
Fuel Pump Switch
Fuel Quantity Gage
Fuel Selector Valve
Fuel Flow
SR20_FM07_2225
7-60
Figure 7-11
Fuel System Controls and Indicating (Sheet 1 of 2)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
OIL
LOW VOLTS
FUEL
9
PITOT HEAT
ALT 1
ALT 2
Annunciator
Panel
Primary Flight Display
4
4
5
6
7
8
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
LEGEND
Fuel Flow
Fuel Used (EMax only)
Fuel Remaining (EMax only)
Time Remaining (EMax only)
Fuel Economy (EMax only)
Fuel Caution Light
Multifunction Display
Serials 1582 & subs.
SR20_FM07_2227
Figure 7-11
Fuel System Controls and Indicating (Sheet 2 of 2)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-61
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Fuel Flow Indication
Serials 1268 through 1581: Fuel flow indication is integral to the
combination Fuel Flow/Manifold Pressure Gage. Refer to preceding
discussion on Fuel Flow and Manifold Pressure Gage for complete
description of fuel flow indication.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Fuel flow is shown as text in the fuel
data block located in the lower right section of the MFD and is also
continuously displayed in The MFD and PFD receives a fuel-flow rate
signal via the DAU from a fuel-flow transducer on the right side of the
engine in the fuel line between the engine driven fuel pump and
throttle body metering valve.
In the event fuel flow exceeds 18.0 gallons per hour, the MFD will
display “Check Fuel Flow” in a red advisory box in the lower right
corner of the MFD.
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
Fuel Caution Light
The amber FUEL caution light in the annunciator panel comes on to
indicate a low fuel condition. The light is illuminated by switches in the
fuel quantity indicator if the fuel quantity in both tanks drops below
approximately 8.5 gallons (17 gallons total with tanks balanced in level
flight). Since both tanks must be below 8.5 gallons to illuminate the
light, the light could illuminate with as little as 8.5 gallons in one tank
during level flight if the other tank is allowed to run dry. If the FUEL
caution light comes on in flight, refer to the Fuel Quantity gages to
determine fuel quantity. The light is powered by 28 VDC through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
7-62
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Boost Pump Switch
Boost pump operation and engine prime is controlled through the Fuel
Pump BOOST-PRIME switch located adjacent to the fuel selector
valve. The PRIME position is momentary and the BOOST position is
selectable. A two-speed prime allows the fuel pressure to rapidly
achieve proper starting pressure.
An oil pressure based system is used to control boost pump operation.
The oil pressure/oil temperature sensor provides a signal to the
starting circuit/DAU to generate a ground for the oil annunciator and
the fuel system. This system allows the fuel pump to run at high speed
(PRIME) when the engine oil pressure is less than 10 PSI. Whenever
the engine oil pressure exceeds 10 PSI, pressing PRIME will have no
effect. Selecting BOOST energizes the boost pump in low-speed
mode regardless of oil pressure to deliver a continuous 4-6 psi boost
to the fuel flow for vapor suppression in a hot fuel condition.
The boost pump operates on 28 VDC supplied through the 7.5-amp
FUEL PUMP circuit breaker on Main Bus 2.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-63
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Brake System
The main wheels have hydraulically operated, single-disc type brakes,
individually activated by floor mounted toe pedals at both pilot stations.
A parking brake mechanism holds induced hydraulic pressure on the
disc brake for parking.
The brake system consists of a master cylinder for each rudder pedal,
a hydraulic fluid reservoir, a parking brake valve, a single disc brake
assembly on each main landing gear wheel, and associated hydraulic
plumbing. Braking pressure is initiated by depressing the top half of a
rudder pedal (toe brake). The brakes are plumbed so that depressing
either the pilot’s or copilot’s left or right toe brake will apply the
respective (left or right) main wheel brake. The reservoir is serviced
with Mil-H-5606 hydraulic fluid.
Brake system malfunction or impending brake failure may be indicated
by a gradual decrease in braking action after brake application, noisy
or dragging brakes, soft or spongy pedals, excessive travel, and/or
weak braking action. Should any of these symptoms occur, immediate
maintenance is required. If, during taxi or landing roll, braking action
decreases, let up on the pedals and then reapply the brakes with
heavy pressure. If the brakes are spongy or pedal travel increases,
pumping the pedals may build braking pressure.
Refer to Section 10, Safety Information, for Brake System operational
considerations.
7-64
P/N 11934-003
Revision A6
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Parking Brake
• Caution •
Do not pull the PARK BRAKE knob in flight. If a landing is
made with the parking brake valve set, the brakes will maintain
any pressure applied after touchdown.
The main wheel brakes are set for parking by using the PARK BRAKE
knob on the left side of the console near the pilot’s right ankle. Brake
lines from the toe brakes to the main wheel brake calipers are
plumbed through a parking brake valve. For normal operation, the
knob is pushed in. With the knob pushed in, poppets in the valve are
mechanically held open allowing normal brake operation. When the
handle is pulled out, the parking brake valve holds applied brake
pressure, locking the brakes. To apply the parking brake, set the
brakes with the rudder-pedal toe brakes, and then pull the PARK
BRAKE knob aft.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-65
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
RESERVOIR
MIL-H-5606
FLUID ONLY
RUDDER
PEDAL(4)
MASTER CYLINDER(4)
PARKING
BRAKE
KNOB
PARKING BRAKE
VALVE
CALIPER
ASSEMBLY
CALIPER
ASSEMBLY
ROTOR
(DISK)
ROTOR
(DISK)
SR20_FM07_1015
7-66
Figure 7-12
Brake System
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Electrical System
The airplane is equipped with a two-alternator, two-battery, 28-volt
direct current (VDC) electrical system designed to reduce the risk of
electrical system faults. The system provides uninterrupted power for
avionics, flight instruments, lighting, and other electrically operated
and controlled systems during normal operation.
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard
configuration: The airplane is equipped with a single
alternator, dual battery electrical system. This configuration is
identical to the dual alternator system described below except
components used in conjunction with the secondary alternator
are removed.
Power Generation
Primary power for the SR20 is supplied by a 28-VDC, negative-ground
electrical system. The electrical power generation system consists of
two alternators controlled by a Master Control Unit (MCU) mounted on
the left side of the firewall and two batteries for starting and electrical
power storage.
Alternator 1 (ALT 1) is a belt-driven, internally rectified, 75-amp
alternator mounted on the right front of the engine. Alternator 2 (ALT 2)
is a gear-driven, internally rectified, 20-amp alternator mounted on the
accessory drive at the rear of the engine. ALT 1 is regulated to 28 volts
and ALT 2 is regulated to 28.75 volts. The output from ALT 1 is
connected to the Main Distribution Bus in the MCU through an 80-amp
fuse. The output from ALT 2 is connected to the Essential Distribution
Bus in the MCU through a 40-amp fuse. Both alternators are selfexciting (not self-starting) and require battery voltage for field
excitation in order to start up - for this reason, the batteries and
alternators should not be turned off in flight.
Battery 1 (BAT 1) is an aviation grade 12-cell, lead-acid, 24-volt, 10amp-hour battery mounted on the right firewall. BAT 1 is charged from
the Main Distribution Bus in the MCU. Battery 2 (BAT 2) is composed
of two 12-volt, 7-amp-hour, sealed, lead-acid batteries connected in
series to provide 24 volts. Both BAT 2 units are located in a vented,
acid-resistant container mounted behind the aft cabin bulkhead (FS
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
7-67
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
222) below the parachute canister. BAT 2 is charged from the circuit
breaker panel Essential Bus.
The Master Control Unit (MCU) is located on the left firewall. The MCU
controls ALT 1, ALT 2, starter, landing light, external power, and power
generation functions. In addition to ALT 1 and ALT 2 voltage
regulation, the MCU also provides external power reverse polarity
protection, alternator overvoltage protection, as well as alternator fail
and overcurrent annunciations. Power is distributed to the airplane
circuit panel buses through Main and Essential Buses in the MCU.
During normal operation, the alternators feed their respective
Distribution Bus independently (ALT 1 feeds Main Distribution Bus and
ALT 2 feeds the Essential Distribution Bus). The distribution buses are
interconnected by two 50-amp fuses and a diode. The diode prevents
ALT 2 from feeding the Main Distribution Bus. Additionally, since ALT 2
/ Essential Distribution Bus voltage is slightly higher than ALT 1 / Main
Distribution Bus voltage, ALT 1 will not feed the Essential Distribution
Bus unless ALT 2 fails.
Power Distribution
The power distribution system for the SR20 consists of the Main
Distribution Bus and the Essential Distribution Bus in the MCU and
associated buses in the Circuit Breaker panel. The circuit breaker
panel is located on the left side of the console next to the pilots right
knee.
For normal operation, the Essential Buses in the circuit breaker panel
are powered from the Essential Distribution Bus in the MCU through
25-amp circuit breakers. BAT 2 is connected directly to the Essential
Bus in the circuit breaker panel and will power the bus should the
voltage coming from the MCU distribution buses drop below the
battery voltage. Additionally, in the event of an ALT 2 failure, the circuit
breaker panel Essential Bus will be powered from ALT 1 through the
Main distribution and Essential distribution buses in the MCU. Main
Bus 1, Main Bus 2, and the equipment Non-Essential Bus in the circuit
breaker panel are powered from ALT 1 through the Main Distribution
Bus in the MCU. The Avionics Non-Essential Bus in the circuit breaker
panel is powered from Main Bus 1.
7-68
P/N 11934-003
Revision A5
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
ALT 1
RELAY
VOLT REG
F
ALT 1
B
ALT 1
SWITCH
LANDING
LIGHT
100A
EXTERNAL
POWER
MAIN DIST
15A
125A
LANDING LIGHT
SWITCH
25A
25A
BAT 1
SWITCH
BAT 1
25A
25A
STARTER
F
ALT 2
B
VOLT REG
OIL
ALT 1
ALT 2
40A
LOW
VOLTS
PITOT
HEAT
50A
50A
ESSENTIAL
DIST
FUEL
25A
25A
MASTER CONTROL UNIT
BAT 2
30A
BAT 2 SWITCH
ANNUN/ENGINE INST
SKYWATCH/
TAWS
GPS 2
FUEL PUMP
COM 2
TURN COORD. #2
MFD
AUDIO PANEL
MAIN BUS 1
AVIONICS
FUEL QTY/HOBBS
INST LIGHTS
PITCH TRIM
ROLL TRIM
ESSENTIAL
ATTITUDE #2
HSI /PFD #2
ATTITUDE #1
HSI /PFD #1
STALL WARNING
BATTERY 2
ALT 1
ALT 2
CABIN LIGHTS
ESSENTIAL POWER
STARTER RELAY
PITOT HEAT/
COOLING FAN
12VDC OUTLET
STROBE LIGHTS
AUTOPILOT
AVIONICS
ESSENTIAL
WEATHER/
STORMSCOPE
MAIN BUS 2
ENCODER/XPONDER
TURN COORD. #1
NON-ESSENTIAL
AVIONICS NON-ESSENTIAL
CIRCUIT BREAKER PANEL
NAV LIGHTS
ALT 2
SWITCH
AVIONICS
ESSENTIAL RELAY
AVIONICS
COM 1
GPS 1
FLAPS
A/C 2
ICE PROTECTION
FAN
COMPRESSOR/
CONTROL
AVIONICS
NON-ESSENTIAL RELAY
AVIONICS
SWITCH
NOTE
Serials 1359 and subsequent with SRV option: The airplane is equipped with
a single alternator, dual battery electrical system. This configuration is identical
to the dual alternator system except components used in conjunction with the
secondary alternator are removed.
Serials 1005 thru 1 581 : 80A fuse.
Serials 1005 thru 1 581 : 100A fuse.
Serials 1633, 1639 & subs with optional Blower Fan installed.
SR20_FM07_1722D
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Figure 7-13
Electrical System Schematic
7-69
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
BAT & ALT Master Switches
The rocker type electrical system MASTER switches are ON in the up
position and OFF in the down position. The switches, labeled BAT 2,
BAT 1, ALT 1, ALT 2 are located in the bolster switch panel
immediately below the instrument panel. These switches, along with
the AVIONICS power switch, control all electrical power to the
airplane.
Battery Switches
The BAT 1 and BAT 2 switches control the respective battery. Setting
the BAT 1 switch ‘on’ energizes a relay connecting BAT 1 to the MCU
Distribution Buses (also energizing the circuit breaker panel buses)
and the open contacts of the starter relay. Setting the BAT 2 switch ‘on’
energizes a relay connecting BAT 2 to the circuit breaker panel
Essential Buses. Normally, for flight operations, all master switches will
be ‘on.’ However, the BAT 1 and BAT 2 switches can be turned ‘on’
separately to check equipment while on the ground. Setting only the
BAT 2 switch ‘on’ will energize those systems connected to the circuit
breaker panel Essential Bus. If any system on the other buses is
energized, a failure of the Distribution Bus interconnect isolation diode
is indicated. When the BAT 1 switch is set to ‘on,’ the remaining
systems will be energized. To check or use avionics equipment or
radios while on the ground, the AVIONICS power switch must also be
turned on.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Alternator Switches
The ALT 1 and ALT 2 switches control field power to the respective
alternator. For ALT 1 to start, the BAT 1 switch must be ‘on.’ Setting the
ALT 1 switch ’on’ energizes a relay allowing 28 VDC from the ALT 1
circuit breaker (Main Bus 2) to be applied to voltage regulator for ALT
1. For ALT 2 to start, either the BAT 1 switch or the BAT 2 switch must
be ‘on.’ Setting the ALT 2 switch ’on’ energizes a relay allowing 28
VDC from the ALT 2 circuit breaker (Essential Bus) to be applied to
voltage regulator for ALT 2. Positioning either ALT switch to the OFF
position removes the affected alternator from the electrical system.
• Note •
Continued operation with the alternators switched off will
reduce battery power low enough to open the battery relay,
remove power from the alternator field, and prevent alternator
restart.
Avionics Power Switch
A rocker switch, labeled AVIONICS, controls electrical power from the
circuit breaker panel bus to the Avionics Bus. The switch is located
next to the ALT and BAT Master switches. Typically, the switch is used
to energize or de-energize all avionics on the Avionics Non-Essential
and Essential Buses simultaneously. With the switch in the OFF
position, no electrical power will be applied to the avionics equipment,
regardless of the position of the master switch or the individual
equipment switches. For normal operations, the AVIONICS switch
should be placed in the OFF position prior to activating the MASTER
switches, starting the engine, or applying an external power source.
Volts and Ampere Meter/Indication
Serials 1268 through 1581: A 2¼” combination Volts and Ampere
meter is mounted on the right instrument panel outboard of the oil
temperature and pressure indicator. The indicator is internally lighted.
28 VDC for instrument lighting is supplied through the 2-amp INST
LIGHTS circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
The VOLT pointer sweeps a scale from 16 to 32 volts. Refer to Section
2, Limitations, in basic POH for instrument limit markings. The voltage
indication is measured off the Essential Bus.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-71
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
The AMP pointer sweeps a scale from -100 to +100 amps with zero at
the 9 o'clock position. The amps indication is derived from current
transducers located in the MCU. Output from each alternator and BAT
1 is measured. The panel mounted AMMETER SELECT switch is
used to select the desired indication. When the engine is operating
and the ALT 1 and ALT 2 Master switches are 'on,' the ammeter
indicates the charging rate applied to the batteries. In the event the
alternators are not functioning or the electrical load exceeds the output
of the alternators, the ammeter indicates BAT 1 discharge rate.
Alternator ammeter indications are positive only.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Main and Essential Bus voltages are
shown as text in the electrical data block located in the mid-right
section of the MFD and are also displayed in the voltage parameters
block located in the upper left corner of the PFD when voltages fall
outside typical operating parameters. The MFD and PFD receive the
voltage signals via the DAU as measured directly off the Main and
Essential Buses.
In the event Main Bus voltage is less than 24.5v or exceeds 32.0v the
MFD will display “Check Main Bus” in a yellow advisory box in the
lower right corner of the MFD.
In the event Essential Bus voltage is less than 24.5v or exceeds 32.0v
the MFD will display “Check Main Bus” in a red advisory box in the
lower right corner of the MFD.
Alternator 1 and Alternator 2 ampere output are shown as text in the
electrical data block located in the mid-right section of the MFD. The
MFD and PFD receive the amp signals via the DAU as derived from
current transducers located in the MCU.
In the event Alternator 1 or Alternator 2 ampere output is less than 2
amps for 20 seconds or more, the MFD will display “Check ALT 1” or
“Check ALT 2” respectively, in a yellow advisory box in the lower right
corner of the MFD.
28 VDC for the digital instrument operation is supplied through the 2amp ANNUN / ENGINE INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
7-72
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Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Ammeter Select Switch
Serials 1268 through 1581: The AMMETER SELECT switch on the
instrument panel is used to select the desired source of electrical
current flow to be indicated on the ammeter. The switch has three
positions: ALT 1, BATT, and ALT 2. The BATT position indicates BAT 1
current flow only. Selecting one of the switch positions will cause the
amperage output from that device to be displayed on the ammeter.
Serials 1582 and subsequent: Main and Essential Bus voltages are
displayed on the MFD and PFD, therefore, no ammeter select switch is
necessary.
Low-Volts Warning Light
The airplane is equipped with a red LOW VOLTS warning light in the
annunciator panel located on the left side of the instrument panel. A
voltage sensor in the (MCU) monitors voltage on the Essential Bus
and illuminates the warning light when the voltage is less than
approximately 24.5 volts.
• Note •
The LOW VOLTS warning light may come on during extended
low RPM operation with heavy electrical loads. Under these
conditions, the light will go out at higher RPM.
ALT Fail Caution Lights
Two ALT Fail caution lights are installed in the annunciator panel. The
ALT 1 and ALT 2 caution lights in the annunciator panel provide
annunciation of alternator failure or overcurrent conditions at the
respective alternator. The lights are operated by circuits in the MCU
and current sensors on the ALT 1 and ALT 2 output lines. Steady
illumination of either light indicates an alternator failure. Serials 1268
through 1581: A flashing ALT light indicates an overcurrent condition.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
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Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Circuit Breakers and Fuses
Individual electrical circuits connected to the Main, Essential, and
Non-Essential Buses in the airplane are protected by re-settable circuit
breakers mounted in the circuit breaker panel on the left side of the
center console.
Essential Buses
The circuit breaker panel Essential Bus is powered by ALT 2 from the
MCU Essential Distribution Bus through the 25-amp ESSENTIAL
POWER circuit breaker and from BAT 2 through the 30-amp BATTERY
2 circuit breaker. The Essential Bus is also powered by ALT 1 and BAT1 through an isolation diode connecting the Main and Essential
Distribution Buses in the MCU. The autopilot and Essential avionics
equipment are powered directly from the Essential Distribution Bus in
the MCU through a 25-amp circuit breaker on the Distribution Bus.
Power from the 15-amp AVIONICS circuit breaker is also controlled
through the AVIONICS master switch on the bolster switch panel.
Main Buses
The circuit breaker panel Main Bus 1 and Main Bus 2 are powered by
ALT 1 and BAT 1 from the MCU Main Distribution Bus through 25-amp
circuit breakers on the Distribution Bus. ALT 2 and BAT 2 are
prevented from powering the Main Buses by the isolation diode
interconnecting the MCU distribution buses. Loads on circuit breaker
panel Main Buses are shed by pulling the individual circuit breakers.
The 15-amp AVIONICS circuit breaker on Main Bus 1 powers all loads
on the Non-Essential Avionics Bus. Power from the 15-amp AVIONICS
circuit breaker is also controlled through the AVIONICS master switch
on the bolster switch panel.
Non-Essential Buses
The circuit breaker panel contains two Non-Essential Buses, the NonEssential Equipment Bus and the Avionics Non-Essential Bus. The
Avionics Non-Essential Bus is powered through the 15-amp
AVIONICS circuit breaker on Main Bus 1 and is discussed above. The
Non-Essential Equipment Bus is powered by ALT 1 and BAT 1 from
the MCU Main Distribution Bus through a 25-amp circuit breaker. ALT
2 and BAT 2 are prevented from powering the Non-Essential
Equipment Bus by the isolation diode interconnecting the MCU
7-74
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Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
distribution buses. Loads on the Non-Essential Equipment Bus are
shed by pulling the individual circuit breakers.
Ground Service Receptacle
A ground service receptacle is located just aft of the cowl on the left
side of the airplane. This receptacle is installed to permit the use of an
external power source for cold weather starting and maintenance
procedures requiring reliable power for an extended period. The
external power source must be regulated to 28 VDC. The external
power control contactor is wired through the BAT 1 MASTER switch so
that the BAT 1 switch must be ’on’ to apply external power.
Refer to Section 8, Ground Handling, Servicing, and Maintenance, for
use of external power and special precautions to be followed.
Convenience Outlet
A 12-volt convenience outlet is installed in the center console. The
receptacle accepts a standard cigarette-lighter plug. The outlet may be
used to power portable entertainment equipment such as CD players,
cassette players, and portable radios. 28 VDC power for the
convenience outlet is supplied through the 3-amp 12VDC OUTLET
circuit breaker on the Non-Essential Bus.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-75
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Exterior Lighting
The airplane is equipped with standard wing tip navigation lights with
integral anti-collision strobe lights. The separately controlled landing
light is located in the lower cowl.
Navigation Lights
The airplane is equipped with standard wing tip navigation lights. The
lights are controlled through the NAV light switch on the instrument
panel bolster. 28 VDC for navigation light operation is supplied through
the 5-amp NAV LIGHTS circuit breaker on Non-Essential Bus.
Strobe Light
Anti-collision strobe lights are installed integral with the standard
navigation lights. Each strobe is flashed by a separate power supply.
The strobe power supplies are controlled through the STROBE light
switch on the instrument panel bolster. 28 VDC for strobe light and
control circuits is supplied through the 5-amp STROBE LIGHTS circuit
breaker on Non-Essential Bus.
Landing Light
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard configuration: The
airplane is equipped with a Halogen landing light.
A High Intensity Discharge (HID) landing light is mounted in the lower
engine cowl. The landing light is controlled through the LAND light
switch on the instrument panel bolster.
Setting the LAND light switch ’on’ energizes the landing light control
relay in the Master Control Unit (MCU) completing a 28 VDC circuit
from the airplane Main Distribution Bus to the light’s ballast located on
the firewall. The ballast provides boosted voltage to illuminate the HID
lamp. A 15-amp breaker on the Main Distribution Bus in the MCU
protects the circuit
Interior Lighting
Interior lighting for the airplane consists of separately controlled
incandescent overhead lights for general cabin lighting, individual
lights for the pilots and passengers, and dimmable panel floodlights.
The flight instrumentation and avionics equipment lights are dimmable.
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Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Instrument Lights
Instrument lighting for the airplane consists of dimmable incandescent
lights in the instrument bezels. The lights are controlled through the
INST lights control on the instrument panel bolster. Rotating the knob
clockwise energizes the lights and increases brightness. The
instrument light circuits operate on 28 VDC supplied through the 2amp INST LIGHTS circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
Panel Flood Lights
A string of red LEDs mounted under the instrument panel glareshield
provide flood lighting for the instrument panel. The lights are controlled
through the PANEL lights control on the instrument panel bolster.
Rotating the knob clockwise energizes the lights and increases
brightness. The panel lights operate on 28 VDC supplied through the
3-amp CABIN LIGHTS circuit breaker on Main Bus 2.
Reading Lights
• Note •
Serials 1337 and subsequent with SRV standard configuration:
Reading lights are not installed on this airplane.
Individual eyeball-type reading lights are installed in the headliner
above each passenger position. Each light is aimed by positioning the
lens in the socket and is controlled by a push-button switch located
next to the light. The pilot and copilot reading lights are also dimmable
through the PANEL lights control on the instrument panel bolster. The
lights are powered by 28 VDC supplied through the 3-amp CABIN
LIGHTS circuit breaker on Main Bus 2.
Overhead Dome Light
General cabin lighting is provided by a dome light located in the
headliner at the approximate center of the cabin. The dome light is
controlled through the OVERHEAD light control on the instrument
panel bolster. Rotating the knob clockwise from the off position will
illuminate the light and control its intensity. The lights are powered by
28 VDC supplied through the 3-amp CABIN LIGHTS circuit breaker on
Main Bus 2.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-77
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Environmental System
Cabin heating and ventilation is accomplished by supplying
conditioned air for heating and windshield defrost and fresh air for
ventilation. The basic environmental system consists of a heater muff
(heat exchanger) around the right engine exhaust muffler, fresh air
inlets(s), hot air valve, distribution manifold, air ducting for distribution
windshield diffuser, vent outlets, and required actuators for selecting
temperature and flow. Serials 1637 and subsequent; An optional 3speed blower fan is available to supplement airflow when ram air may
be inadequate such as during ground operation.
Description and Operation - Serials 1005 through 1636
Ventilation air is provided by ducting fresh air from air inlets, located in
each wing leading edge, to eyeball outlets for each occupant. Each
occupant can direct the fresh air flow by positioning the nozzle or
control flow rate from 'off' to maximum by rotating the nozzle.
Heating is accomplished by mixing ventilation air from the fresh air
inlets with heated air from the heat exchanger and then distributing the
'conditioned' air to the occupants and/or the windshield diffuser. Air for
heating is supplied by an inlet in the engine compartment to a mufftype heat exchanger surrounding the right engine exhaust muffler.
This heated air is allowed to mix with fresh air from the wing root air
inlets in the air mixing plenum behind the instrument panel. The
proportion of heated to fresh air is pilot controllable. The mixed
(conditioned) air is then directed to the passenger outlets and/or to the
windshield diffuser. Conditioned air outlets for the forward occupants
are directionally controllable and are located beneath the instrument
panel at each position at knee level. Outlets for the rear occupants are
at floor level.
The temperature, volume, and flow selection are regulated by
manipulation of the cabin temperature and cabin air selector knobs on
the lower right side of the instrument panel.
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Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
AIR INLET
HEAT EXCHANGER
CABIN HEAT/
DEFROST
SELECT
WINDSHIELD
DEFROST
DIFFUSER
HVAC
PLENUM
HEAT
OFF
TEMP.
CONTROL
COLD
AIR GASPER
FRESH AIR
INTAKE
FRESH AIR
INTAKE
FOOT-WARMER
DIFFUSER
CONDITIONED
AIR
FRESH AIR
MECHANICAL
CONNECTION
SR20_FM07_1012B
Figure 7-14
Cabin Heating and Cooling - Serials 1005 through 1636
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-79
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cabin Air Selector
“Conditioned” air from the mixing plenum can be proportioned and
directed to the windshield or passengers by manipulating the cabin air
selector. The control is linked to a door at the outlet end of the mixing
plenum. Rotating the control full counterclockwise to the miniature
windshield shuts off airflow to the passenger air distribution system
and allows maximum airflow to the windshield diffuser. Rotating the
knob full clockwise to the seated person icon shuts off airflow to the
windshield diffuser and allows maximum airflow to the passenger air
distribution system. The control can be positioned to allow any
proportion of windshield and passenger air.
Conditioned air for the forward seats is routed to outlets under the
instrument panel at knee level. Conditioned air for the aft seats is
ducted to outlets beneath the forward seats near the door posts and
exits at floor level.
Cabin Heat Control
The amount of heated air allowed into the air mixing plenum is
controlled by rotating the Cabin Heat Control, located inboard of the
Cabin Air Selector. The control is mechanically linked to a door in a
heater box between the heater muff and the mixing plenum. Rotating
the control full counterclockwise (HEAT OFF) bypasses heated air
from the heater muff into the engine compartment. Rotating the control
clockwise opens the door in the heater box allowing heated air to enter
the mixing plenum.
Cabin Cooling Control
The amount of cooling air allowed into the air mixing plenum is
controlled by rotating the cabin cool control, located outboard of the
cabin air selector. The control is mechanically linked to a butterfly
valve at the fresh air entrance to the mixing plenum. Rotating the
control full counterclockwise shuts down cooling airflow to the mixing
plenum from the fresh air inlet in the right wing root. Rotating the
control clockwise opens the butterfly allowing fresh cooling air to enter
the mixing plenum. Rotating the knob to the full clockwise (COLD)
position provides maximum cooling airflow to the mixing plenum.
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P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
AIR
INLET
VENTS
HEAT
EXCHANGER
TEMPERATURE
COLD
AIRFLOW
1
WINDSHIELD
DIFFUSER
HOT AIR
VALVE
2
HOT
OFF
PANEL AIRFLOW
FLOOR AIRFLOW
DISTRIBUTION
MANIFOLD
AIR GASPER
AIR MIXING
PLENUM
FRESH AIR
INTAKE
FRESH AIR
VALVE
FOOT-WARMER
DIFFUSER
FAN
ASSEMBLY
NOTE: Illustration depicts maximum
cabin cooling airflows and
selector settings.
SR20_FM07_2323
Figure 7-15
Cabin Heating and Cooling - Serials 1637 and subsequent
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-81
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Description and Operation-Serials 1637 & subsequent
Cabin heating and cooling is provided by mixing ventilation air from the
wing inlet with heated air provided by the muff-type heat exchanger
surrounding the right engine exhaust muffler.The conditioned air is
then forced by ram air pressure or, if option installed, by blower fan into
a distribution manifold which regulates system airflow and vent
selection. Airflow, temperature, and vent selection is accomplished
using the system control panel mounted on the right hand portion of
the instrument panel.
The optional blower fan is powered by 28 VDC supplied through 15amp Fan breaker on Main A/C Bus 2.
Airflow Selection
The airflow selector regulates the volume of airflow allowed into the
cabin distribution system through mechanical linkage to a butterfly
valve in the distribution manifold. If option installed, the blower fan is
turned on when the selector dial exceeds the full open position.
Vent Selection
“Conditioned” air from the distribution manifold can be proportioned
and directed to passengers and/or the windshield by manipulating the
cabin vent selector. The selector is mechanically linked to butterfly
valves at the entrances to the windshield diffuser and the cabin floor
ducting. There is continuous airflow to the panel and armrest eyeball
outlets. Each occupant can control the flow rate from 'off' to maximum
by rotating the nozzle.
When the selector is in the far left position, both butterfly valves are
closed providing maximum airflow to the panel and armrest eyeball
outlets.
Rotating the selector a quarter-turn clockwise opens the cabin floor
butterfly valve allowing airflow to the rear seat foot warmer diffusers
and the front seat outlets mounted to the underside of each kickplate.
Rotating the selector another quarter-turn clockwise opens the
windshield diffuser butterfly valve which permits shared airflow to the
defrosting mechanism and cabin floor outlets.
When the selector is in the far right position, the cabin floor butterfly
valve is closed providing maximum airflow to the windshield diffuser.
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Revision A8
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Temperature Selection
The temperature selector is mechanically linked to the hot air valve
and fresh air intake valve. Rotating the selector simultaneously opens
and closes the two valves, permitting hot and cold air to mix and enter
the distribution system. Rotating the selector clockwise, permits
warmer air to enter the system - counterclockwise, cooler air.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-83
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Pitot-Static System
The Pitot-Static system consists of a single heated Pitot tube mounted
on the left wing and dual static ports mounted in the fuselage. The
Pitot heat is pilot controlled through a panel-mounted switch. An
internally mounted alternate static pressure source provides backup
static pressure should that the primary static source becomes blocked.
Water traps with drains, under the floor in the cabin, are installed at
each Pitot and static line low point to collect any moisture that enters
the system. The traps should be drained at the annual inspection and
when water in the system is known or suspected.
Pitot Heat Switch
The heated Pitot system consists of a heating element in the pitot
tube, a rocker switch labeled PITOT HEAT, and associated wiring. The
switch and circuit breaker are located on the left side of the switch and
control panel. When the pitot heat switch is turned on, the element in
the Pitot tube is heated electrically to maintain proper operation in
possible icing conditions. Pitot heat should be used only when
required. The Pitot heat system operates on 28 VDC supplied through
the 7.5-amp PITOT HEAT/COOLING FAN circuit breaker on the NonEssential Bus.
Pitot Heat Light
Illumination of the amber PITOT HEAT caution light indicates that the
Pitot Heat switch is in the 'on' position and the Pitot heater is not
receiving electrical current. A current sensor on the Pitot heater power
supply wire provides current sensing. The PITOT HEAT warning light
operates on 28 VDC supplied through the 2-amp ANNUN / ENGINE
INST circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
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P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Serials 1005 thru 1336 ,1337
thru 1422 w/o PFD.
Serials 1337 & subs w/ PFD.
PRIMARY
FLIGHT DISPLAY
AIRSPEED
INDICATOR
VERTICAL SPEED
INDICATOR
ALTIMETER
ALTITUDE
ENCODER
ALTITUDE
TRANSDUCER
(OPTIONAL)
ALTERNATE
STATIC
AIR SOURCE
PITOT-STATIC
WATER TRAPS
PITOT MAST
STATIC
BUTTONS
HEATER
CURRENT
SENSOR
PITOT
HEAT
LOGIC
ANNUNCIATOR
7.5A
PITOT
HEAT
CB
PITOT HEAT SW
SR20_FM07_1013D
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
Figure 7-16
Pitot-Static System Schematic
7-85
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
Alternate Static Source
An alternate static pressure source valve is installed on the switch and
control panel to the right of the pilot's leg. This valve supplies static
pressure from inside the cabin instead of the external static port. If
erroneous instrument readings are suspected due to water or ice in
the pressure line going to the standard external static pressure source,
the alternate static source valve should be turned on. Pressures within
the cabin will vary with open heater/vents. Whenever the alternate
static pressure source is selected, refer to Section 5 airspeed
calibration and altitude for corrections to be applied.
Stall Warning System
The airplane is equipped with an electro-pneumatic stall warning
system to provide audible warning of an approach to aerodynamic
stall. The system consists of an inlet in the leading edge of the right
wing, a pressure switch and associated plumbing, and a piezoceramic horn behind the instrument panel. As the airplane approaches
a stall, the low pressure on the upper surface of the wings moves
forward around the leading edge of the wings. As the low pressure
area passes over the stall warning sense inlet, a slight negative
pressure is sensed by the pressure switch. The pressure switch
completes a ground circuit causing the warning horn to sound, and
Serials 1706 and subsequent; the autopilot system to disconnect. The
warning horn provides a 94dB continuous 2800 Hz tone. The warning
sounds at approximately 5 knots above stall with full flaps and power
off in wings level flight and at slightly greater margins in turning and
accelerated flight. The system operates on 28 VDC supplied though
the 2-amp STALL WARNING circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
With battery power on, the stall warning system preflight check is
accomplished as follows:
Stall warning system preflight check:
1. Use small suction cup and apply suction. A sound from the
warning horn will confirm that the system is operative.
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Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
Standard Avionics
The following paragraphs and equipment descriptions describe all
standard avionic installations offered for the SR20. The avionics
navigation and communication equipment are mounted in he center
console and are easily accessible from either pilot seat.
For detailed descriptions of specific avionic equipment, operating
procedures, or data for optional avionic equipment, refer to the
equipment manufacturer's pilot's guide and the FAA Approved
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement in Section 9 for specific
information regarding the SR20 installation.
Standard avionics suites are available in the following configurations:
Avionics Configuration 2.0 - Serials 1268 through 1336:
• Single-Axis Autopilot (S-Tec System 20)
• Integrated Audio System with Intercom (Garmin GMA 340)
• Marker Beacon Receiver (Garmin GMA 340)
• One IFR Approach-Certified GPS (Garmin GNS 430) and One
VFR GPS (Garmin GNC 250XL)
• Two VHF Communications (Garmin GNS 430 and Garmin GNC
250XL)
• Single Navigation (VOR/LOC/GS) Receiver (GNS 430)
• Mode C Transponder with Altitude Encoder (Garmin GTX 327)
• Directional Gyro
• Course Deviation Indicator
Avionics Configuration 2.1 - Serials 1268 through 1336:
• Moving Map Display (Avidyne MFD)
• Two-Axis Autopilot (S-Tec System 30)
• Integrated Audio System with Intercom (Garmin GMA 340)
• Marker Beacon Receiver (Garmin GMA 340)
• Two IFR Approach-Certified GPS (Garmin GNS 430 and
Garmin GNS 420)
• Two VHF Communications Transceivers (Garmin GNS 430 and
Garmin GNS 420)
P/N 11934-003
Revision A7
7-87
Section 7
Airplane Description
Cirrus Design
SR20
• Single Navigation (VOR/LOC/GS) Receiver (GNS 430)
• Mode C Transponder with Altitude Encoder (Garmin GTX 327)
• Horizontal Situation Indicator
• Course Deviation Indicator
Avionics Configuration 2.2 - Serials 1268 through 1336:
• Moving Map Display (Avidyne MFD)
• Two-Axis Autopilot (S-Tec System 55X)
• Integrated Audio System with Intercom (Garmin GMA 340)
• Marker Beacon Receiver (Garmin GMA 340)
• Two IFR Approach-Certified GPS (Garmin GNS 430)
• Two VHF Communications Transceivers (Garmin GNS 430)
• Two Navigation (VOR/LOC/GS) Receiver (GNS 430)
• Mode C Transponder with Altitude Encoder (Garmin GTX 327)
• Electronic Navigation Display (Sandel SN3308)
• Course Deviation Indicator
Avionics Configuration PFD - Serials 1337 and subsequent:
• Moving Map Display (Avidyne MFD)
• Primary Flight Display (Avidyne PFD)
• Two-Axis Autopilot (S-Tec System 55SR)
• Integrated Audio System with Intercom (Garmin GMA 340)
• Marker Beacon Receiver (Garmin GMA 340)
• One IFR Approach-Certified GPS (Garmin GNS 430) and One
VFR GPS (Garmin GNC 250XL)
• Two VHF Communications (Garmin GNS 430 and Garmin GNC
250XL)
• Single Navigation (VOR/LOC/GS) Receiver (GNS 430)
• Mode C Transponder with Altitude Encoder (Garmin GTX 327)
Avionics Configuration SRV - Serials 1337 and subsequent:
• Primary Flight Display (Avidyne PFD)
• Moving Map Display (Avidyne MFD)
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Revision A7
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7
Airplane Description
• Integrated Audio System with Intercom (Garmin GMA 340)
• Marker Beacon Receiver (Garmin GMA 340)
• One IFR Certified GPS (Garmin GNC 420)
• One VHF Communications (Garmin GNC 420)
• Mode C Transponder with Altitude Encoder (Garmin GTX 327)
Multi-Function Display
This airplane is equipped with an Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C 70000004-XXX-() Multi-Function Flight Display (MFD). The MFD is a 10.4inch landscape-oriented display mounted in the instrument panel. The
MFD provides supplemental display of situational and navigation
information to the pilot. This is accomplished by showing an icon
representing the airplane against a moving map. The MFD accepts
data from a variety of sources, including the GPS sensors, the WX500 Stormscope, and the SkyWatch Traffic Advisory System. The unit
is organized around logical grouping of information presented on
“Pages.”
The Avidyne FlightMax EX-Series MFD is 10.4-inch diagonal color
Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD) integrated into a Control
Display Unit (CDU), which displays the airplane current position and
track against a moving map. The EX-Series MFD can perform the
following functions:
• Generate and display a moving map based on GPS position
data with obstacle and terrain data.
• Display Stormscope® lightning strike bearing and distance.
• Display Skywatch® traffic advisory information. (EX5000C
only)
• Display a GPS flight plan based on pilot inputs.
• Display Normal and Emergency checklists as well as
performance data.
• Display navigation data, such as groundspeed and track.
The pilot can configure the moving map display. Some of its
configuration features are:
• Select Track-up or North-up modes.
• Select map scale.
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• Select terrain features, such as airports and special use
airspace and select color enhanced terrain.
• Select and view trip data from GPS.
Power for the MCU is 28 VDC supplied through the 5-amp MFD circuit
breaker on the Avionics Non-Essential Bus.
• Note •
Serials 1005 through 1472 before MFD software version 53000162-000 Revision 02; Do not use the Garmin 420 or 430
Navigators to display Stormscope lightning data when the
Avidyne MFD’s Lightning mode is set to either DATALINK or
OFF. For the Garmin 420 or 430 Navigators to accurately
display lightning strikes, the Lightning mode selected on the
MFD’s MAP Page, must be set to either STRIKE or CELL.
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide, for a more
complete description of the MFD, its operating modes, and additional
detailed operating procedures.
Autopilot
Avionics Configuration 2.0:
The standard SR20 is equipped with an S-TEC System Twenty
Autopilot. This single-axis autopilot system is a rate-based system,
deriving roll axis control inputs from its electric turn coordinator. The
programmer, computer, annunciators, and servo amplifier are
contained entirely within the turn coordinator case. Pilot inputs to the
autopilot are made through the multi-function control knob at the upper
left corner of the turn coordinator. The control knob provides mode
selection, disengage, and turn command functions. A button on each
control yoke handle may be used to disengage the autopilot. The turn
coordinator instrument annunciates system modes. The autopilot
drives the aileron trim motor and spring cartridge to control airplane
roll. The autopilot operates on 28 VDC supplied through the 5-amp
AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
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The S-Tec System Twenty Autopilot features:
• Roll Stabilization.
• Turn Command.
• Heading Hold interfaced with DG coupled heading bug.
• NAV/LOC/GPS tracking, HI and LO sensitivity.
Avionics Configuration 2.1:
These airplanes are equipped with an S-TEC System Thirty Autopilot.
This two-axis autopilot system receives roll axis control inputs from an
integral electric turn coordinator and altitude information from an
altitude transducer plumbed into the Pitot-Static system. The
programmer, roll computer/amplifier, and annunciators are contained
entirely within the turn coordinator case. The Multi-function Control
Knob at the upper left of the turn coordinator provides mode selection,
disengage, and turn command functions. A button on each control
yoke handle may be used to disengage the autopilot. A separate pitch
computer provides the ALT hold function. Roll axis steering is
accomplished by autopilot steering commands to the aileron trim
motor and spring cartridge. Pitch axis command for altitude hold is
accomplished by pitch computer commands to the elevator servo. The
autopilot operates on 28 VDC supplied through the 5-amp
AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus. The S-Tec System
Thirty Autopilot features:
• Roll Stabilization;
• Turn Command;
• NAV/LOC/GPS tracking; HI and LO sensitivity;
• Altitude Hold; and
• GPS Steering (GPSS) for smoother turns onto a course or
during course tracking.
A separate GPSS converter provides GPS roll steering to the
autopilot. A GPSS/HDG button allows the operator to switch between
HDG and Roll Steering modes. In the HDG mode the autopilot
responds to the HDG bug on the HSI. In the GPSS mode, the autopilot
responds to roll steering inputs from the GPS navigator.
Refer to S-TEC System Thirty Autopilot Pilot’s Operating Handbook
(P/N 8777) dated Feb 1999 or later and the applicable POH
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supplement for a more complete description of the autopilot, its
operating modes, and additional detailed operating procedures.
Refer to S-TEC-Meggit Global Positioning System Steering (GPSS)
Converter Pilot’s Operating Handbook (P/N 8799) dated 8 Feb 2001 or
later and applicable POH supplement for a more complete description
of the GPSS converter, its modes, and additional operating
procedures.
Avionics Configuration 2.2:
These airplanes are equipped with an S-TEC System 55X Autopilot
with Altitude Selector / Alerter. The System 55X autopilot is a two-axis
autopilot system. The system consists of a flight guidance
programmer/computer, altitude selector/alerter, altitude transducer,
turn coordinator, and HSI. Mode selection and vertical speed selection
are made on the programmer/computer panel. The altitude selector/
alerter allows the pilot to pre-select altitudes and rates of climb or
descent to be used by the autopilot. A button on each control yoke
handle may be used to disengage the autopilot. The autopilot makes
roll changes through the aileron trim motor and spring cartridge and
makes pitch changes for altitude preselect and hold through the
elevator trim motor. The autopilot operates on 28 VDC supplied
through the 5-amp AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
The S-Tec System 55X Autopilot features:
• Heading Hold and Command;
• NAV/LOC/GPS/GS tracking, high and low sensitivity, and
automatic 45° -course intercept;
• Altitude and Climb/Descent Rate Preselect
• Altitude Hold and Command;
• Vertical Speed Hold and Command; and
• GPS Steering (GPSS) for smoother turns onto a course or
during course tracking.
Refer to S-Tec System Fifty-Five X Autopilot Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH), P/N 87109 dated 8 November 2000 or later revision
for full operational procedures and description of implemented modes.
The System 55X POH also contains detailed procedures for
accomplishing GPS & VOR course tracking, front course and back
course localizer approaches, and glideslope tracking.
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Refer to S-Tec Altitude Selector / Alerter Pilot’s Operating Handbook
(POH) P/N 8716 or P/N 87110 (no revision or later) for full operational
procedures and detailed description of operational modes of the
Altitude Selector / Alerter.
Avionics Configuration PFD:
This airplane is equipped with an S-TEC System 55SR Autopilot. The
System 55SR autopilot is a two-axis autopilot system. The system
consists of a flight guidance programmer/computer, altitude
transducer, turn coordinator, and primary flight display (PFD). Mode
selection is made on the programmer/computer panel. A button on
each control yoke handle may be used to disengage the autopilot. The
autopilot makes roll changes through the aileron trim motor and spring
cartridge and makes pitch changes for altitude hold through the
elevator trim motor. The autopilot operates on 28 VDC supplied
through the 5-amp AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
The S-Tec System 55SR Autopilot features:
• Heading Hold and Command;
• NAV/LOC/GPS tracking;
• Altitude Hold and Command;
• GPS Steering (GPSS) for smoother turns onto a course or
during course tracking.
GPS Navigation
The Jeppesen Navigation Database provides access to data on
Airports, Approaches, Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs),
Standard Terminal Arrivals (STARs), VORs, NDBs, Intersections,
Minimum Safe Altitudes, Controlled Airspace Advisories and
Frequencies. North American and International databases are
available. Database information is provided on a card that can be
inserted into the card slot on the GPS unit. Subscription information is
provided in a subscription packet provided with each system.
Avionics Configuration 2.0 and PFD:
The airplane is equipped with two GPS navigators. The Garmin GNS
430 navigator is designated GPS 1, IFR certified, and is coupled to the
airplane’s CDI and Multi-Function display. The Garmin GNC 250XL
provides backup, is approved for VFR use only, and is not coupled to
the Multi-Function or Primary Flight Displays. The primary GPS
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navigator is powered by 28 VDC through the 5-amp GPS 1 and 7.5amp COM 1 circuit breakers on the Avionics Essential Bus. The
secondary GPS navigator is powered by 28 VDC through the 7.5-amp
COM 2 circuit breaker on the Avionics Non-Essential Bus.
Avionics Configuration 2.1 and 2.2:
The airplane is equipped with two GPS navigators. The Garmin GNS
430 is designated GPS 1 and the Garmin GNS 420 (Configuration 2.1)
or an additional GNS 430 (Configuration 2.2) is designated GPS 2.
Both Garmin GPS navigators are IFR certified. The primary unit,
designated GPS 1, is coupled to the airplane’s HSI, Autopilot, and
multifunction display. The secondary unit, designated GPS 2, is
coupled to the airplane’s CDI.
The GPS navigators are capable of providing IFR enroute, terminal,
and approach navigation with position accuracies better than 15
meters. Each GPS navigator utilizes the Global Positioning System
(GPS) satellite network to derive the airplane’s position (latitude,
longitude, and altitude) and the altitude encoder to enhance the
altitude calculation.
The GPS1 antenna is located above the headliner along the airplane
centerline. The GPS2 antenna is located below the glareshield and
behind the MFD. All GPS navigator controls and functions are
accessible through the GPS receiver units’ front control panels located
in the center console. The panels include function keys, power
switches, MSG and NAV status annunciators, a color LCD display
(GNS 430), two concentric selector knobs on each panel, and a
Jeppesen NavData card slot in each panel. The displays are daylight
readable and automatically dimmed for low-light operation. The
primary GPS navigator is powered by 28 VDC through the 5-amp GPS
1 and 7.5-amp COM 1 circuit breakers on the Avionics Essential Bus.
The secondary GPS navigator is powered by 28 VDC through the 5amp GPS 2 and the 7.5-amp COM 2 circuit breaker on the Avionics
Non-Essential Bus.
Avionics Configuration SRV:
Optional SRV configuration: An optional Garmin GNS 430 GPS
transceiver is available as an upgrade to the Garmin GNS 420. The
system description is identical to the Garmin GNS 420 described
below.
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Standard SRV configuration: The airplane is equipped with one GPS
navigator. The Garmin GNS 420 navigator is designated GPS 1, and
is coupled to the airplane’s Multi-Function display. The GPS navigator
is powered by 28 VDC through the 5-amp GPS 1 and 7.5-amp COM 1
circuit breakers on the Avionics Essential Bus.
Communication (COM) Transceivers
Avionics Configuration 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, and PFD:
Two VHF communications (COM) transceivers are installed to provide
VHF communication. The transceivers and integrated controls are
mounted in the Garmin GNS 430, GNS 420 or GNC 250 XL units. The
transceivers receive all narrow- and wide-band VHF communication
transmissions transmitted within range of the selected frequency. The
antennas pick up the signals and route the communication signals to
the transceivers, which digitize the audible communication signal. The
digitized audio is then routed to the audio control unit for distribution to
the speakers or headphones.
COM 1 – The upper Garmin GNS 430 is designated COM 1. The
Garmin GNS 430 control panel provides COM 1 transceiver active and
standby frequency indication, frequency memory storage, and knoboperated frequency selection. The COM 1 transceiver provides either
720-channel (25 kHz spacing) or 2280-channel (8.33 kHz spacing)
operation in a frequency range from 118.000 to 136.975 MHz. The
COM 1 antenna is located above the cabin on the airplane centerline.
28 VDC for COM 1 transceiver operation is controlled through the
Avionics Master Switch on the bolster switch panel and supplied
through the 7.5-amp COM 1 circuit breaker on the Essential Avionics
Bus.
COM 2 – The lower Garmin GNS 420 or GNC 250 XL is designated
COM 2. The Garmin GNS control panel provides COM 2 transceiver
active and standby frequency indication, frequency memory storage,
and knob-operated frequency selection. The COM 2 transceiver
provides either 720-channel (25 kHz spacing) or 2280-channel (8.33
kHz spacing) operation in a frequency range from 118.000 to 136.975
MHz. The COM 2 antenna is located on the underside of the cabin on
the airplane centerline. 28 VDC for COM 2 transceiver operation is
controlled through the Avionics Master Switch on the bolster switch
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panel and supplied through the 7.5-amp COM 2 circuit breaker on the
Non-Essential Avionics Bus.
Avionics Configuration SRV:
Optional SRV configuration: An optional Garmin GNS 430 GPS
transceiver is available as an upgrade to the Garmin GNS 420. The
system description is identical to the Garmin GNS 420 described
below.
One VHF communications (COM) transceiver is installed to provide
VHF communication. The transceiver and integrated controls are
mounted in the Garmin GNS 420 unit. The transceiver receives all
narrow- and wide-band VHF communication transmissions transmitted
within range of the selected frequency. The antenna picks up the
signals and routes the communication signals to the transceiver, which
digitize the audible communication signal. The digitized audio is then
routed to the audio control unit for distribution to the speakers or
headphones.
COM 1 – The Garmin GNS 420 is designated COM 1. The Garmin
GNS 420 control panel provides COM 1 transceiver active and
standby frequency indication, frequency memory storage, and knoboperated frequency selection. The transceiver provides either 720channel (25 kHz spacing) or 2280-channel (8.33 kHz spacing)
operation in a frequency range from 118.000 to 136.975 MHz. The
COM 1 antenna is located above the cabin on the airplane centerline.
28 VDC for COM 1 transceiver operation is controlled through the
Avionics Master Switch on the bolster switch panel and supplied
through the 7.5-amp COM 1 circuit breaker on the Essential Avionics
Bus.
Navigation (Nav) Receiver
Avionics Configuration 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, and PFD:
The airplane is equipped with one NAV receiver integrated into the
Garmin GNS 430 GPS Navigators (the GNS 420 or GNC 250XL do
not incorporate a NAV receiver). Mounted in the upper radio rack slot,
this unit is designated NAV 1. The GNS 430 has VHF Omnirange/
Localizer (VOR/LOC) capability. The VOR/LOC receiver receives
VOR/LOC on a frequency range from 108.000 Mhz to 117.950 Mhz
with 50 kHz spacing. The GNS 430 has glideslope capability.
Glideslope is received from 329.150 to 335.000 in 150 kHz steps. The
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receivers and integrated controls are mounted in the Garmin GNS 430
control display. The receiver controls provide active and standby
frequency indication, frequency memory storage, and knob-operated
frequency selection. IDENT audio output for VOR and LOC is provided
to the audio system. The Nav antenna, mounted on top of the vertical
tail, provides VOR/LOC input for both Nav receivers.
NAV 1 – The upper GARMIN GNS 430 is designated NAV 1. 28 VDC
for navigation receiver operation is controlled through the Avionics
Master Switch on the bolster switch panel and supplied through the 5amp GPS1 circuit breaker on the Avionics Essential Bus row.
Avionics Configuration 2.2:
The airplane is equipped with two NAV receivers integrated into the
Garmin GNS 430 GPS Navigators. The upper unit is designated NAV
1 and the lower unit is designated NAV 2. The Nav receiver controls
are integrated into the Garmin GNS control mounted in the center
console. Each unit has VHF Omnirange/Localizer (VOR/LOC)
capability. The VOR/LOC receiver receives VOR/LOC on a frequency
range from 108.000 Mhz to 117.950 Mhz with 50 kHz spacing. The
GNS 430 has glideslope capability. Glideslope is received from
329.150 to 335.000 in 150 kHz steps. The receiver control provides
active and standby frequency indication, frequency memory storage,
and knob-operated frequency selection. IDENT audio output for VOR
and LOC is provided to the audio system. The Nav antenna, mounted
on top of the vertical tail, provides VOR/LOC input for both Nav
receivers.
NAV 1 – The upper GARMIN GNS 430 is designated NAV 1. 28 VDC
for navigation receiver operation is controlled through the Avionics
Master Switch on the bolster switch panel and supplied through the 5amp GPS1 circuit breaker on the Avionics Essential Bus row.
NAV 2 – The lower GARMIN GNS 430 is designated NAV 2. 28 VDC
for navigation receiver operation is controlled through the Avionics
Master Switch on the bolster switch panel and supplied through the 5amp GPS 2 circuit breaker on the Avionics Non-Essential Bus row.
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Transponder
The airplane is equipped with a single Garmin GTX 327 ATC Mode C
(identification and altitude) transponder with squawk capability. The
transponder system consists of the integrated receiver/transmitter
control unit, an antenna, and an altitude encoder. The receiver/
transmitter receives interrogations from a ground-based secondary
radar transmitter and then transmits to the interrogating Air Traffic
Control Center. Digitized altitude information, provided by the altitude
encoder, is plumbed into the airplane static system. The transponder
and integrated controls are mounted in the center console. The
transponder control provides active code display, code selection,
IDENT button, and test functions. A FUNC (function) key allows for
selection of pressure altitude, flight time, count-up timer and
countdown timer modes. The display is daylight readable and dimming
is operator controlled through the INST lights control on the instrument
panel bolster. The transponder antenna is mounted on the underside
of the fuselage just aft of the firewall. 28 VDC for transponder
operation is controlled through the Avionics Master Switch on the
bolster switch panel. 28 VDC for receiver, transmitter, and altitude
encoder operation is supplied through the 2-amp ENCODER/
XPONDER circuit breaker on the Avionics Non-Essential Bus.
Audio System
The airplane is equipped with a Garmin GMA 340 Audio Panel.
Refer to the Garmin GMA 340 Audio Panel Pilot's Operating
Handbook, P/N 190-00149-10 Rev C or later, and the applicable POH
supplement for a more complete description of the autopilot, its
operating modes, and additional detailed operating procedures.
Headset/Microphone Installation
The airplane is equipped with provisions for four noise-canceling
headsets
with
integrated
microphones.
The
forward
microphone-headsets use remote Push-To-Talk (PTT) switches
located on the top of the associated control yoke grip. The rear
headsets do not have COM transmit capabilities and do not require
PTT switches. The microphone (MIC), headset, and automatic noise
reduction (ANR) power jacks for the pilot and front seat passenger are
located in the map case and similar jacks for the aft passengers are
located on the aft portion of the center console. Audio to all four
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headsets is controlled by the individual audio selector switches on the
audio control panel and adjusted for volume level by using the selected
receiver volume controls.
Audio Input Jack
Two audio input jacks are provided on the aft portion of the center
console. One jack is located near the convenience outlet for use by the
pilot and forward passenger, and another is located further aft by the
rear passenger ANR power jacks. These jacks can be used to plug in
personal entertainment devices such as portable radios, cassette
players, or CD players. Audio volume through these jacks is controlled
by connected individual entertainment device.
Emergency Locator Transmitter
The airplane is equipped with a self-contained emergency locator
transmitter (ELT). The transmitter and antenna are installed
immediately behind the aft cabin bulkhead to the right of the airplane
centerline. The main transmitter control switch, labeled ON-OFFARMED, on the transmitter is in the armed position for normal
operations. A remote switch and indicator panel is installed
immediately below the circuit breaker panel. The transmitter unit is
mounted longitudinally in the airplane in order to detect deceleration
greater than 3.5 ft/sec. If rapid deceleration is detected, the transmitter
will repeatedly transmit VHF band audio sweeps at 121.5 MHz and
243.0 MHz approximately 0.5 seconds apart. The transmitter and
portable antenna are accessible through an access at the base of the
baggage compartment bulkhead. The ELT can be removed from the
airplane and used as a personal locating device if it is necessary to
leave the airplane after an accident. Eight dated “D” cell alkaline
batteries contained within the transmitter unit power the ELT
transmitter. The batteries must be replaced at specified intervals
based upon the date appearing on the battery (refer to Airplane
Maintenance Manual).
ELT Remote Switch and Indicator Panel
The ELT remote switch and indicator panel located immediately below
the circuit breaker panel, provides test and monitoring functions for the
ELT. The panel contains a button labeled ON, a button labeled RESET,
and a red LED (light). The red light flashes when the ELT is
transmitting. The ON button is used to test the unit in accordance with
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the maintenance manual procedures. The RESET button can be used
to cancel an inadvertent transmission. A 6-volt Lithium battery
mounted in the panel powers the LED. The battery must be replaced
at regular intervals (refer to Airplane Maintenance Manual).
In the event of an accident:
1. Verify ELT operation by noting that the ELT indicator light on the
remote panel is flashing.
2. If possible, access the unit as described below and set the ELT
main transmitter control switch ON.
Portable use of ELT:
a. Remove access at lower aft center of baggage compartment.
b.
Disconnect fixed antenna lead from front of unit.
c.
Disconnect lead from remote switch and indicator unit.
d. Loosen attach straps and remove transmitter unit and portable
antenna.
e. Attach portable antenna to antenna jack on front of unit.
f.
Set main control switch to ON.
g. Hold antenna upright as much as possible.
Hour Meter(s)
Serials 1268 through 1632 and 1634 through 1638: The airplane is
equipped with an hour meter located inside the armrest storage
compartment between the pilot and copilot seats. Recording begins
when the BAT 1 switch is ON and either the ALT 1 or ALT 2 switch is
ON.
Serials 1268 through 1581: 28 VDC for hour meter operation is
supplied through the 5-amp ENGINE INST circuit breaker.
Serials 1582 through 1632 and 1634 through 1638: 28 VDC for hour
meter operation is supplied through the 5-amp FUEL QTY / HOBBS
circuit breaker on Main Bus 1.
Serials 1633, 1639 and subsequent: The airplane is equipped with two
hour meters located inside the armrest storage compartment between
the pilot and copilot seats. The #1 hour meter, labeled HOBBS begins
recording when the BAT 1 switch is ON and either the ALT 1 or ALT 2
switch is ON. The #2 hour meter records flight time and is labeled
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FLIGHT. Recording begins when the airplane reaches a speed of
approximately 35 KIAS and is controlled by a differential pressure
switch connected to the Pitot-static system. 28 VDC for hour meter
operation is supplied through the 5-amp FUEL QTY / HOBBS circuit
breaker on Main Bus 1.
Digital Clock
Serials 1268 through 1337; The airplane is equipped with a 2¼”
Davtron M803 digital clock located on the left instrument panel
immediately outboard of the airspeed indicator. The clock provides
Universal Time (UT), Local Time (LT), Elapsed Time (ET), Outside Air
Temperature (OAT) in ° C or ° F, and Voltmeter functions. All features
and functions are selectable from control buttons on the clock face.
The clock receives the OAT signal from a temperature sensor installed
immediately forward of the pilots door. The clock operates on 28 VDC
supplied through the 5-amp ENGINE INST circuit breaker on Main Bus
1. Keep-alive power is supplied through a 5-amp fuse connected to the
airplane Main Distribution Bus in the Master Control Unit (MCU). A
replaceable AA battery is installed to provide up to three years battery
back up.
SEL and CTL Buttons
All time keeping and set functions are addressable using the Select
and Control buttons below the time display. Upon power up the clock
will display Universal Time (UT). Pressing the Select button 3 times
will display Local Time (LT), and Elapsed Time (ET) sequentially.
Pressing the button again will return the display to UT.
Set UT or LT:
Use the Select button to select UT or LT as desired. Simultaneously
press Select and Control buttons (tens of hours LED will flash). Press
Control button repeatedly as required to increment digit to desired
value. Press Select button to select the next digit to be set. After all
digits have been set, press the Select button again to return to the
normal mode.
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Flight Time (FT):
The flight time (FT) option is not available in this installation. If FT is
selected the display will ‘zero.’
Elapsed Time (ET):
The ET mode may be used either in ‘count-up’ or in ‘count-down’
modes.
To set the count-up mode:
1. Select ET using the Select button; and
2. Press Control to activate count-up timer. Elapsed time counts up
to 59 minutes, 59 seconds, and then switches to hours and
minutes. Pressing the Control button again will reset the timer to
zero.
To set the count-down mode:
1. Select ET using the Select button;
2. Input a ‘count-down’ time using the same technique as setting UT
or LT (a maximum of 59 minutes, 59 seconds may be entered);
3. Press the Select button to exit the set mode; and
4. Press Control to start the count down. At zero, the alarm activates
and the display flashes. Pressing either Select or Control
deactivates the alarm.
Test Mode:
To enter the self-test mode, hold the Select button for 3 seconds. The
display will indicate “88:88” and all four (UT, LT, FT, ET) annunciators
will come on.
OAT – VOLTS Button
Serials 1268 through 1337; The red OAT-VOLTS button is used to
display Outside Air Temperature and airplane Main Bus voltage. When
the airplane is powered down, the upper display will display the clock’s
back-up battery voltage. Upon power up, the display will show the
airplane’s Main Bus voltage. Pressing the button displays OAT in ° F.
Pressing the button again displays OAT in ° C.
Serials 1337 and subsequent with Avionics Configuration PFD;
Outside Air Temperature annunciation is integrated into the MFD or
PFD.
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Airplane Description
Cirrus Airplane Parachute System
The SR20 is equipped with a Cirrus Airplane Parachute System
(CAPS) designed to bring the aircraft and its occupants to the ground
in the event of a life-threatening emergency. The system is intended to
saves the lives of the occupants but will most likely destroy the aircraft
and may, in adverse circumstances, cause serious injury or death to
the occupants. Because of this it is important to carefully read the
CAPS descriptions in this section, section 3 Emergency Procedures
and Section 10, Safety and consider when and how you would use the
system.
• WARNING •
The parachute system does not require electrical power for
activation and can be activated at any time. The solidpropellant rocket flight path is upward from the parachute
cover. Stay clear of parachute canister area when aircraft is
occupied. Do not allow children in the aircraft unattended.
System Description
The CAPS consists of a parachute, a solid-propellant rocket to deploy
the parachute, a rocket activation handle, and a harness imbedded
within the fuselage structure.
A composite box containing the parachute and solid-propellant rocket
is mounted to the airplane structure immediately aft of the baggage
compartment bulkhead. The box is covered and protected from the
elements by a thin composite cover.
The parachute is enclosed within a deployment bag that stages the
deployment and inflation sequence. The deployment bag creates an
orderly deployment process by allowing the canopy to inflate only after
the rocket motor has pulled the parachute lines taut.
The parachute itself is a 2400-square-foot round canopy equipped with
a slider, an annular-shaped fabric panel with a diameter significantly
less than the open diameter of the canopy. The slider has grommets
spaced around its perimeter. The canopy suspension lines are routed
through these grommets so that the slider is free to move along the
suspension lines. Since the slider is positioned at the top of the
suspension lines near the canopy, at the beginning of the deployment
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sequence the slider limits the initial diameter of the parachute and the
rate at which the parachute inflates. As the slider moves down the
suspension lines the canopy inflates.
A three-point harness connects the airplane fuselage structure to the
parachute. The aft harness strap is stowed in the parachute canister
and attached to the structure at the aft baggage compartment
bulkhead. The forward harness straps are routed from the canister to
firewall attach points just under the surface of the fuselage skin. When
the parachute deploys, the forward harness straps pull through the
fuselage skin covering from the canister to the forward attach points.
Activation Handle
CAPS is initiated by pulling the CAPS Activation T-handle installed in
the cabin ceiling on the airplane centerline just above the pilot’s right
shoulder. A placarded cover, held in place with hook and loop
fasteners, covers the T-handle and prevents tampering with the
control. The cover is be removed by pulling the black tab at the forward
edge of the cover.
Pulling the activation T-handle will activate the rocket and initiate the
CAPS deployment sequence. To activate the rocket, two separate
events must occur:
1. Pull the activation T-handle from its receptacle. Pulling the Thandle removes it from the o-ring seal that holds it in place and
takes out the slack in the cable (approximately two inches (5 cm)
of cable will be exposed). Once the slack is removed, the T-handle
motion will stop and greater force will be required to activate the
rocket.
2. Clasp both hands around activation T-handle and pull straight
downward with a strong, steady, and continuous force until the
rocket activates. A chin-up type pull works best. Up to 45.0 pounds
(20.4 Kg) force, or greater, may be required to activate the rocket.
The greater force required occurs as the cable arms and then
releases the rocket igniter firing pin. When the firing pin releases,
two primers discharge and ignite the rocket fuel.
• Note •
Jerking or rapidly pulling on the activation T-handle greatly
increases the pull forces required to activate the rocket.
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Attempting to activate the rocket by pushing the activation Thandle forward and down limits the force that can be applied.
Pulling the activation T-handle straight down generates the
greatest force.
A maintenance safety pin is provided to ensure that the activation
handle is not pulled during maintenance. However, there may be some
circumstances where an operator may wish to safety the CAPS
system; for example, the presence of unattended children in the
airplane, the presence of people who are not familiar with the CAPS
activation system in the airplane, or during display of the airplane.
The pin is inserted through the handle retainer and barrel locking the
handle in the “safe” position. A “Remove Before Flight” streamer is
attached to the pin.
• WARNING •
After maintenance has been performed or any other time the
system has been safetied, operators must verify that the pin
has been removed before further flight.
Deployment Characteristics
When the rocket launches, the parachute assembly is extracted
outward due to rocket thrust and rearward due to relative wind. In
approximately two seconds the parachute will begin to inflate.
When air begins to fill the canopy, forward motion of the airplane will
dramatically be slowed. This deceleration increases with airspeed but
in all cases within the parachute envelope should be less than 3 g’s.
During this deceleration a slight nose-up may be experienced,
particularly at high speed; however, the rear riser is intentionally
snubbed short to preclude excessive nose-up pitch. Following any
nose-up pitching, the nose will gradually drop until the aircraft is
hanging nose-low beneath the canopy.
Eight seconds after deployment, the rear riser snub line will be cut and
the aircraft tail will drop down into its final approximately level attitude.
Once stabilized in this attitude, the aircraft may yaw slowly back and
forth or oscillate slightly as it hangs from the parachute. Descent rate
is expected to be less than 1500 feet per minute with a lateral speed
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equal to the velocity of the surface wind. In addition, surface winds
may continue to drag the aircraft after ground impact.
• Caution •
Ground impact is expected to be equivalent to touchdown
from a height of approximately 10 feet. While the airframe,
seats and landing gear are designed to accommodate this
stress, occupants must prepare for it in accordance with the
CAPS Deployment procedure in Section 3 - Emergency
Procedures.
• Note •
The CAPS is designed to work in a variety of aircraft attitudes,
including spins. However, deployment in an attitude other than
level flight may yield deployment characteristics other than
those described above.
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................... 8-3
Operator’s Publications ...................................................................8-3
Service Publications .................................................................... 8-3
Ordering Publications .................................................................. 8-4
Airplane Records and Certificates .................................................. 8-5
Airworthiness Directives.................................................................. 8-6
Airplane Inspection Periods ............................................................ 8-6
Annual Inspection ........................................................................ 8-6
100-Hour Inspection .................................................................... 8-7
Cirrus Design Progressive Inspection Program ........................... 8-7
Pilot Performed Preventative Maintenance ................................. 8-8
Ground Handling ........................................................................... 8-10
Application of External Power .................................................... 8-10
Towing ....................................................................................... 8-11
Taxiing ....................................................................................... 8-12
Parking....................................................................................... 8-13
Tiedown ..................................................................................... 8-14
Leveling ..................................................................................... 8-14
Jacking....................................................................................... 8-15
Servicing ....................................................................................... 8-16
Landing Gear Servicing ............................................................. 8-16
Brake Servicing.......................................................................... 8-16
Tire Inflation ............................................................................... 8-18
Propeller Servicing..................................................................... 8-18
Oil Servicing............................................................................... 8-19
Fuel System Servicing ............................................................... 8-22
Fuel Contamination and Sampling............................................. 8-24
Draining Fuel System ................................................................ 8-25
Battery Service.............................................................................. 8-25
Cleaning and Care ........................................................................ 8-26
Cleaning Exterior Surfaces ........................................................ 8-26
Cleaning Interior Surfaces ......................................................... 8-30
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SR20
8-2
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SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Introduction
This section provides general guidelines for handling, servicing and
maintaining your Cirrus Design SR20. In order to ensure continued
safe and efficient operation of your airplane, keep in contact with your
Authorized Cirrus Service Center to obtain the latest information
pertaining to your aircraft.
Operator’s Publications
The FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual and Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH) is provided at delivery. Additional or replacement
copies may be obtained from Cirrus Design by contacting the
Customer Service Department.
Service Publications
The following service publications are available for purchase from
Cirrus Design for the SR20:
• Airplane Maintenance Manual (AMM) – GAMA-type
Maintenance Manual divided into chapters as specified by
GAMA and ATA covering inspection, servicing, maintenance,
troubleshooting, and repair of the airplane structure, systems,
and wiring. Revision Service for this manual is also available. A
current copy of the AMM is provided at delivery.
• Engine Operators and Maintenance Manual – Cirrus Design
provides a Teledyne Continental Engine Operator’s and
Maintenance Manual at the time of delivery. Engine and engine
accessory overhaul manuals can be obtained from the original
equipment manufacturer.
• Avionics Component Operator and Maintenance Manuals -–
Cirrus Design provides all available operator’s manuals at the
time of delivery. Maintenance manuals, if available, may be
obtained from the original equipment manufacturer.
Cirrus Design offers a Subscription Service for the Service Bulletins,
Service Letters and Options Letters issued from the factory. This
service is offered to interested persons such as owners, pilots and
mechanics at a nominal fee. Interested parties may obtain copies and
subscription service for these documents by contacting Customer
Service at Cirrus Design.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
• Service Bulletins – -are of special importance. When you
receive a Service Bulletin, comply with it promptly.
• Service Advisory Notices – are used to notify you of optional
Service Bulletins, supplier Service Bulletins or Service Letters
affecting your airplane, and maintenance data or corrections
not requiring a Service Bulletin. Give careful attention to the
Service Advisory Notice information.
Ordering Publications
SR20 publications, revision service, and service publication
subscription service may be obtained by contacting Customer Service
at Cirrus Design as follows:
Cirrus Design Corporation
Customer Service
4515 Taylor Circle
Duluth, MN 55811
Phone: 218 727-2737
FAX: 218 727-2148
Make sure to include airplane serial number and owner’s name in all
correspondence for accurate processing of your documentation
needs.
8-4
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Airplane Records and Certificates
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) requires that certain data,
certificates, and licenses be displayed or carried aboard the airplane
at all times. Additionally, other documents must be made available
upon request. The mnemonic acronym “ARROW” is often used to help
remember the required documents.
• Note •
Owners of aircraft not registered in the United States should
check with the registering authority for additional
requirements.
Required Documents
Note
A
Airworthiness Certificate
FAA Form 8100-2
Must be displayed at all times
R
Registration Certificate
FAA Form 8050-3
Must be in the aircraft for all operations.
R
Radio Station License
FCC Form 556
Required only for flight
outside the United States
O
Operating Instructions
FAA Approved Flight Manual and Pilot’s
Operating
Handbook
fulfills
this
requirement
W
Weight & Balance Data
Included in FAA Approved Airplane Flight
Manual and Pilot’s Operating Handbook.
Data must include current empty weight,
CG, and equipment list.
Other Documents
operations
Note
Airplane Logbook
Must be made available upon request
Engine Logbook
Must be made available upon request
Pilot’s Checklist
Available in cockpit at all times.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Airworthiness Directives
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) publishes Airworthiness
Directives (AD’s) that apply to specific aircraft and aircraft appliances
or accessories. AD’s are mandatory changes and must be complied
with within a time limit set forth in the AD. Operators should
periodically check with Cirrus Service Centers or A&P mechanic to
verify receipt of the latest issued AD for their airplane.
Airplane Inspection Periods
• Note •
FAR 1.1 defines time in service, with respect to maintenance
time records, as “the time from the moment an aircraft leaves
the surface of the earth until it touches it at the next point of
landing.”
Serials 1633, 1639 and subsequent: The #2 Hour Meter,
located in the center console and labeled FLIGHT, begins
recording when the airplane reaches approximately 35 KIAS
and should be used to track maintenance time intervals as it
more accurately records time in service than the #1 Hour
Meter which begins recording when the BAT 1 switch is ON
and either the ALT 1 or ALT 2 switch is ON.
The inspection items specified in the Annual/100 Inspection
have been determined by the average aircraft use rate of the
typical owner. Non-commercially operated aircraft that are
flown significantly more than 100 hours per year should
consider additional inspections commensurate with the hours
flown. 100-Hour Inspection or enrollment in a Progressive
Inspection Program should be considered in addition to the
normally required Annual Inspection. The Annual Inspection
interval may also be shortened to accommodate high
utilization rate.
Annual Inspection
Unless enrolled in a Progressive Inspection Program, The U.S.
Federal Aviation Regulations require all civil aircraft must undergo a
thorough Annual Inspection each twelve calendar months. Annual
Inspections are due on the last day of the twelfth month following the
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
last Annual Inspection. For example: If an Annual Inspection were
performed on 19 November 1998, the next Annual Inspection will be
due 30 November 1999. Annual Inspections must be accomplished
regardless of the number of hours flown the previous year and can
only be performed by a licensed Airframe and Powerplant (A&P)
mechanic holding an Inspection Authorization (IA). All Cirrus
Authorized Service Centers can perform Annual Inspections. The
inspection is listed, in detail, in Chapter 5 of the Aircraft Maintenance
Manual.
100-Hour Inspection
If the airplane is used commercially, in addition to the Annual
Inspection requirement, the Federal Aviation Regulations requires that
the airplane undergo a 100-Hour Inspection each 100 hours of flight
operation. The scope of the 100-Hour Inspection is identical to the
Annual Inspection except that it can be accomplished by a licensed
A&P mechanic. The 100-hour interval may be exceeded by not more
than 10 flight hours in order to reach a place where the inspection can
be accomplished. Any flight hours used to reach an inspection station
must be deducted from the next 100-Hour Inspection interval. The
inspection is listed, in detail, in Chapter 5 of the Aircraft Maintenance
Manual.
Cirrus Design Progressive Inspection Program
In lieu of the above requirements, an airplane may be inspected using
a Progressive Inspection Program in accordance with the Federal
Aviation Regulation Part 91.409.
The Cirrus Design Progressive Inspection Program provides for the
complete inspection of the airplane utilizing a five-phase cyclic
inspection program. A total of eight inspections are accomplished over
the course of 400 flight hours, with an inspection occurring every 50
flight hours. The inspection items to be covered in the Progressive
Inspection are very similar to the Annual Inspection items. The
Progressive Inspection will accomplish a full Inspection of the airplane
at 400 flight hours or at 12 calendar months. The inspection is listed, in
detail, in Chapter 5 of the Aircraft Maintenance Manual.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Pilot Performed Preventative Maintenance
The holder of a Pilot Certificate issued under FAR Part 61 may
perform certain preventive maintenance described in FAR Part 43,
Appendix A. This maintenance may be performed only on an aircraft
that the pilot owns or operates and which is not used in air carrier
service. The regulation also stipulates that the pilot must also
complete the appropriate logbook entries. The following is a list of the
maintenance that the pilot may perform:
• Note •
The pilot should have the ability and manual procedures for
the work to be accomplished.
The pilot may not accomplish any work involving the removal
or disassembly of primary structure or operating system, or
interfere with an operating system, or affect the primary
structure.
•
Remove, install, and repair tires.
•
Clean, grease, or replace wheel bearings
•
Replace defective safety wire or cotter pins.
•
Lubrication not requiring disassembly other than removal of
nonstructural items such as access covers, cowlings, or fairings.
• Caution •
Do not use unapproved lubricants. Unapproved lubricants
may damage control system components, including but not
limited to engine and flight controls. Refer to the Airplane
Maintenance Manual for approved lubricants.
•
Replenish hydraulic fluid in the hydraulic and brake reservoirs.
•
Refinish the airplane interior or exterior (excluding balanced
control surfaces) with protective coatings.
•
Repair interior upholstery and furnishings.
•
Replace side windows.
•
Replace bulbs, reflectors and lenses of position and landing lights.
•
Replace cowling not requiring removal of the propeller.
•
Replace, clean or set spark plug gap clearance.
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
•
Replace any hose connection, except hydraulic connections, with
replacement hoses.
•
Clean or replace fuel and oil strainers, as well as replace or clean
filter elements.
•
Replace prefabricated fuel lines.
•
Replace the battery and check fluid level and specific gravity.
Logbook Entry
After any of the above work is accomplished, appropriate logbook
entries must be made. Logbook entries should contain:
•
The date the work was accomplished.
•
Description of the work.
•
Number of hours on the aircraft.
•
The certificate number of pilot performing the work.
•
Signature of the individual doing the work.
Logbooks should be complete and up to date. Good records reduce
maintenance cost by giving the mechanic information about what has
or has not been accomplished.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Ground Handling
Application of External Power
A ground service receptacle, located just aft of the cowl on the left side
of the airplane, permits the use of an external power source for cold
weather starting and maintenance procedures.
• WARNING •
If external power will be used to start engine, keep yourself,
others, and power unit cables well clear of the propeller
rotation plane.
To apply external power to the airplane:
• Caution •
Do not use external power to start the airplane with a ‘dead’
battery or to charge a dead or weak battery in the airplane.
The battery must be removed from the airplane and battery
maintenance performed in accordance with the appropriate
Airplane Maintenance Manual procedures.
1. Ensure that external power source is regulated to 28 VDC.
2. Check BAT and AVIONICS power switches are ‘off.’
3. Plug external power source into the receptacle.
4. Set BAT 1 switch to ON. 28 VDC from the external power unit will
energize the main distribution and essential distribution buses.
The airplane may now be started or electrical equipment
operated.
5. If avionics are required, set AVIONICS power switch ON.
• Caution •
If maintenance on avionics systems is to be performed, it is
recommended that external power be used. Do not start or
crank the engine with the AVIONICS power switch ‘on.’
To remove external power from airplane:
1. If battery power is no longer required, set BAT 1 switch ‘off.’
2. Pull external power source plug.
8-10
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Towing
The airplane may be moved on the ground by the use of the nose
wheel steering bar that is stowed in the rear baggage compartment or
by power equipment that will not damage or excessively strain the
nose gear assembly. The steering bar is engaged by inserting it into
lugs just forward of the nose wheel axle.
• Caution •
While pushing the aircraft backward, the tow bar must be
installed to keep the nose wheel from turning abruptly.
Do not use the vertical or horizontal control surfaces or
stabilizers to move the airplane. If a tow bar is not available,
use the wing roots as push points.
Do not push or pull on control surfaces or propeller to
maneuver the airplane.
Do not tow the airplane when the main gear is obstructed with
mud or snow.
If the airplane is to be towed by vehicle, do not turn the nose
wheel more than 90 degrees either side of center or structural
damage to the nose gear could result.
1. Refer to Airplane Three View (Section 1, Figure 1-1) and Turning
Radius (Section 1, Figure 1-2) or clearances. Be especially
cognizant of hangar door clearances.
2. Insert tow bar into the lugs just forward of the nose wheel axle.
3. Release parking brake and remove chocks
4. Move airplane to desired location.
5. Install chocks
6. Remove tow bar.
To obtain a minimum radius turn during ground handling, the airplane
may be rotated around either main landing gear by pressing down on a
fuselage just forward of the horizontal stabilizer to raise the nosewheel
off the ground.
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Taxiing
Before attempting to taxi the airplane, ground personnel should be
instructed and authorized by the owner to taxi the airplane. Instruction
should include engine starting and shutdown procedures in addition to
taxi and steering techniques.
• Caution •
Verify that taxi and propeller wash areas are clear before
beginning taxi.
Do not operate the engine at high RPM when running up or
taxiing over ground containing loose stones, gravel, or any
loose material that may cause damage to the propeller blades.
Taxi with minimum power needed for forward movement.
Excessive braking may result in overheated or damaged
brakes.
1. Remove chocks.
2. Start engine in accordance with Starting Engine procedure
(Section 4).
3. Release parking brake.
4. Advance throttle to initiate taxi. Immediately after initiating taxi,
apply the brakes to determine their effectiveness. During taxiing,
use differential braking to make slight turns to ascertain steering
effectiveness.
• Caution •
Observe wing clearance when taxiing near buildings or other
stationary objects. If possible, station an observer outside the
airplane.
Avoid holes and ruts when taxiing over uneven ground.
5. Taxi airplane to desired location.
6. Shut down airplane and install chocks and tie-downs in
accordance with Shutdown procedure (Section 4).
8-12
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SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Parking
The airplane should be parked to protect the airplane from weather
and to prevent it from becoming a hazard to other aircraft. The parking
brake may release or exert excessive pressure because of heat
buildup after heavy braking or during wide temperature swings.
Therefore, if the airplane is to be left unattended or is to be left
overnight, chock and tie down the airplane.
1. For parking, head airplane into the wind if possible.
2. Retract flaps.
3. Set parking brake by first applying brake pressure using the toe
brakes and then pulling the PARK BRAKE knob aft.
• Caution •
Care should be taken when setting overheated brakes or
during cold weather when accumulated moisture may freeze a
brake.
4. Chock both main gear wheels.
5. Tie down airplane in accordance with tiedown procedure in this
section.
6. Install a pitot head cover. Be sure to remove the pitot head cover
before flight.
7. Cabin and baggage doors should be locked when the airplane is
unattended.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Tiedown
The airplane should be moored for immovability, security and
protection. FAA Advisory Circular AC 20-35C, Tiedown Sense,
contains additional information regarding preparation for severe
weather, tiedown, and related information. The following procedures
should be used for the proper mooring of the airplane:
1. Head the airplane into the wind if possible.
2. Retract the flaps.
3. Chock the wheels.
4. Secure tie-down ropes to the wing tie-down rings and to the tail
ring at approximately 45-degree angles to the ground. When using
rope or non-synthetic material, leave sufficient slack to avoid
damage to the airplane should the ropes contract.
• Caution •
Anchor points for wing tiedowns should not be more than 18
feet apart to prevent eyebolt damage in heavy winds.
Use bowline knots, square knots, or locked slipknots. Do not
use plain slipknots.
Leveling
The airplane is leveled longitudinally by means of a spirit level placed
on the pilot door sill and laterally by means of a spirit level placed
across the door sills. Alternately, sight the forward and aft tool holes
along waterline 95.9 to level airplane. Refer to Section 6, Airplane
Weighing Procedures and Section 6, Figure 6-2, for illustration.
8-14
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SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Jacking
Two jacking points are provided: one at each wing tiedown. Jack points
(pads) are stowed in the baggage compartment. The airplane may be
jacked using two standard aircraft hydraulic jacks at the wing jacking
points and a weighted tailstand attached to the tail tiedown.
Raise Airplane
• Caution •
Do not jack the aircraft outside or in open hangar with winds in
excess of 10 mph.
The empty CG is forward of the wing jacking points. To prevent
airplane from tipping forward during maintenance or jacking,
use a weighted tailstand (300-lb minimum) attached to the tail
tiedown.
1. Position airplane on a hard, flat, level surface.
2. Remove tiedown rings from wings. Stow tie-down rings in
baggage compartment.
3. Attach a weighted tailstand to the tail tiedown ring.
4. Position jacks and jack points (pads) for jacking. Insert jack point
(pad) into wing tiedown receptacle. Holding the jack point (pad) in
place, position the jack under the point and raise the jack to firmly
contact the jack point. Repeat for opposite jacking point.
5. Raise the airplane keeping the airplane as level as possible.
6. Secure jack locks.
Lower Airplane
1. Release pressure on all jacks as simultaneously as necessary to
keep airplane as level as possible.
2. Remove jacks, jack points (pads), and tailstand. Stow points in
baggage compartment. Install tiedown rings in wings.
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Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Servicing
Landing Gear Servicing
The main landing gear wheel assemblies use 15 x 6.00 x 6, six-ply
rating tires and tubes. The nose wheel assembly uses a 5.00 x 5 fourply rating, type III tire and tube. Always keep tires inflated to the rated
pressure to obtain optimum performance and maximum service. The
landing gear struts do not require servicing. With the exception of
replenishing brake fluid, wheel and brake servicing must be
accomplished in accordance with Airplane Maintenance Manual
(AMM) procedures.
Brake Servicing
Brake Replenishing
The brake system is filled with MIL-H-5606 hydraulic brake fluid. The
fluid level should be checked at every oil change and at the annual/
100-hour inspection, replenishing the system when necessary. The
brake reservoir is located on the right side of the battery support
frame. If the entire system must be refilled, refer to the Airplane
Maintenance Manual (AMM).
To replenish brake fluid:
1. Chock tires and release parking brake.
2. Remove top engine cowling to gain access to hydraulic fluid
reservoir.
3. Clean reservoir cap and area around cap before opening reservoir
cap.
4. Remove cap and add MIL-H-5606 hydraulic fluid as necessary to
fill reservoir.
5. Install cap, inspect area for leaks, and then install and secure
engine cowling.
Brake Inspection
The brake assemblies and linings should be checked at every oil
change (50 hours) for general condition, evidence of overheating, and
deterioration. Serials 1005 thru 2030 before SB 2X-05-01: At every
annual/100-hour inspection the brakes should be disassembled, the
brake linings should be checked and the O-rings replaced.
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SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
The aircraft should not be operated with overheated, damaged, or
leaking brakes. Conditions include, but are not limited to:
• Leaking brake fluid at the caliper. This can be observed by
checking for evidence of fluid on the ground or deposited on the
underside of the wheel fairing. Wipe the underside of the fairing
with a clean, white cloth and inspect for red colored fluid
residue.
• Overheated components, indicated by discoloration or warping
of the disk rotor. Excessive heat can cause the caliper
components to discolor or cause yellowing of the part
identification label.
To inspect the brake assemblies:
1. Remove main gear fairing. (Refer to AMM 32-10)
2. Wipe off any debris from brake caliper assembly that may obstruct
inspection.
3. Check brake linings for deterioration and maximum permissible
wear. Replace lining when worn to 0.100 inch (2.54 mm).
4. Inspect temperature indicator(s):
Serials 1005 thru 2030 after Service Bulletin SB 2X-32-14 and
before SB 2X-05-01:
a. Clean and inspect temperature indicator installed to piston
housing. If indicator center is black, the brake assembly has
been overheated. The brake linings must be inspected and the
O-rings replaced.
Serials 1005 thru 2030 after SB 2X-05-01:
a. Clean and inspect temperature indicators installed to brake
caliper assembly.
b.
Verify temperature indicators are firmly adhered to piston
housing.
c.
If top temperature indicator is white or lower temperature
indicator is white, the brake assembly has not overheated. Oring replacement is not necessary. If either temperature
indicator is black, the brake assembly has overheated. The
brake linings must be inspected and the O-rings replaced.
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Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
5. Check brake assemblies for evidence of overheating and/or
deterioration.
6. Install main gear fairing. (Refer to AMM 32-10)
Tire Inflation
For maximum service from the tires, keep them inflated to the proper
pressure. When checking tire pressure, examine the tires for wear,
cuts, nicks, bruises and excessive wear.
To inflate tires:
1. Remove inspection buttons on wheel pants to gain access to valve
stems. It may be necessary to move airplane to get valve stem
aligned with the access hole.
2. Remove valve stem cap and verify tire pressure with a dial-type
tire pressure gage.
3. Inflate nose tire to 40 +2/-0 psi (276 +15/-0 kPa) and main wheel
tires to 53 +2/-0 psi (365 +15/-0 kPa).
4. Replace valve stem cap and inspection buttons.
All wheels and tires are balanced before original installation and the
relationship of tire, tube, and wheel should be maintained upon
reinstallation. In the installation of new components, it may be
necessary to rebalance the wheels with the tires mounted.
Unbalanced wheels can cause extreme vibration in the landing gear.
Propeller Servicing
The spinner and backing plate should be cleaned and inspected for
cracks frequently. Before each flight the propeller should be inspected
for nicks, scratches, and corrosion. If found, they should be repaired as
soon as possible by a rated mechanic, since a nick or scratch causes
an area of increased stress which can lead to serious cracks or the
loss of a propeller tip. The back face of the blades should be painted
when necessary with flat black paint to retard glare. To prevent
corrosion, the surface should be cleaned and waxed periodically.
8-18
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Oil Servicing
The oil capacity of the Teledyne Continental IO-360-ES engine is 8
quarts. It is recommended that the oil be changed every 50 hours and
sooner under unfavorable operating conditions. The following grades
are recommended for the specified temperatures at sea level (SL):
Ambient Air Temperature (SL)
Single Viscosity
Multi-Viscosity
All Temperatures
-—
20W-50
15W-50
Below 40° F
SAE 30
10W-30
20W-50
15W-50
Above 40° F
SAE 50
20W-50
15W-50
An oil filler cap and dipstick are located at the left rear of the engine
and are accessible through an access door on the top left side of the
engine cowling. The engine should not be operated with less than six
quarts of oil. Seven quarts (dipstick indication) is recommended for
extended flights.
To check and add oil:
1. Open access door on upper left-hand side of cowl. Pull dipstick
and verify oil level.
2. If oil level is below 6 quarts (5.7 liters), remove filler cap and add
oil through filler as required to reach 6-8 quarts (5.7-7.6 liters).
3. Verify oil level and install dipstick and filler cap.
• Note •
Installation of dipstick can be difficult. To aid in inserting
dipstick, point the loop of the dipstick towards the closest
spark plug (left rear, #2 cylinder), and use both hands to
guide, route, and insert dipstick.
4. Close and secure access panel.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
8-19
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Approved Oils
For the first 25 hours of operation (on a new or rebuilt engine) or until
oil consumption stabilizes, use only straight mineral oil conforming to
Mil-L-6082. If engine oil must be added to the factory installed oil, add
only MIL-L-6082 straight mineral oil.
• Caution •
MIL-C-6529, Type II straight mineral oil with corrosion
preventive can cause coking with extended use and is not
recommended by Cirrus Design for break-in or post break-in
use.
After 25 hours of operation and after oil consumption has stabilized,
use only aviation lubricating oils conforming to Teledyne Continental
Motors (TCM) Specification MHS24, Lubricating Oil, Ashless
Dispersant, or TCM Specification MHS25, Synthetic Lubrication Oil.
The following products have supplied data to TCM indicating that
these oils conform to all the requirements of the above listed TCM
specifications:
8-20
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Product
Supplier
Aeroshell (R) W
Shell Australia
Aeroshell Oil W
Aeroshell Oil W 15W-50
Anti-Wear Formulation Aeroshell 15W50
Shell Canada Ltd.
Aeroshell Oil W
Aeroshell Oil W 15W-50
Anti-Wear Formulation Aeroshell 15W50
Shell Oil Company
Aviation Oil Type A
Phillips 66 Company
BP Aero Oil
BP Oil Corporation
Castrolaero AD Oil
Castrol Ltd. (Australia)
Chevron Aero Oil
Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Conoco Aero S
Continental Oil
Delta Avoil
Delta Petroleum Co.
Exxon Aviation Oil EE
Exxon Company, U.S.A.
Mobil Aero Oil
Mobil Oil Company
Pennzoil Aircraft Engine Oil
Pennzoil Company
Quaker State AD Aviation Engine Oil
Quaker State Oil & Refining Co.
Red Ram Aviation Oil 20W-50
Red Ram Ltd. (Canada)
Sinclair Avoil
Sinclair Oil Company
Texaco Aircraft Engine Oil – Premium AD
Texaco Inc.
Total Aero DW 15W50
Total France
Turbonycoil 3570
NYCO S.A.
Union Aircraft Engine Oil HD
Union Oil Company of California
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Figure 8-1
Approved Oils
8-21
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Fuel System Servicing
Airplane serials 1005 thru 1886; After the first 25 hours of operation,
then every 50-hours or as conditions dictate, the fuel filtration screen
in the gascolator must be cleaned. After cleaning, a small amount of
grease applied to the gascolator bowl gasket will facilitate reassembly.
Airplane serials 1887 and subsequent; After the first 25 hours of
operation, then every 100-hours or as conditions dictate, the fuel filter
element in the gascolator must be replaced. At every oil change, Verify
red pop-up tab on gascolator is not visible. If tab is visible, the fuel filter
element must be replaced and the pop-up tab manually reset.
Refer to the Airplane Maintenance Manual for Fuel Screen/Element
servicing information.
Fuel Requirements
Aviation grade 100 LL (blue) or 100 (green) fuel is the minimum octane
approved for use in this airplane.
• Caution •
Use of lower grades can cause serious engine damage in a
short period. The engine warranty is invalidated by the use of
lower octane fuels.
Filling Fuel Tanks
Observe all safety precautions required when handling gasoline. Fuel
fillers are located on the forward slope of the wing. Each wing holds a
maximum of 30.3 U.S. gallons. When using less than the standard
60.5-gallon capacity, fuel should be distributed equally between each
side.
• WARNING •
Have a fire extinguisher available.
Ground fuel nozzle and fuel truck to airplane exhaust pipe and
ground fuel truck or cart to suitable earth ground.
Do not fill tank within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of any energized
electrical equipment capable of producing a spark.
Permit no smoking or open flame within 100 feet (30.5 meters)
of airplane or refuel vehicle.
8-22
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Do not operate radios or electrical equipment during refuel
operations. Do not operate any electrical switches.
To refuel airplane:
1. Place fire extinguisher near fuel tank being filled.
2. Connect ground wire from refuel nozzle to airplane exhaust, from
airplane exhaust to fuel truck or cart, and from fuel truck or cart to
a suitable earth ground.
3. Place rubber protective cover over wing around fuel filler.
• Note •
Do not permit fuel nozzle to come in contact with bottom of
fuel tanks. Keep fuel tanks at least half full at all times to
minimize condensation and moisture accumulation in tanks. In
extremely humid areas, the fuel supply should be checked
frequently and drained of condensation to prevent possible
distribution problems.
4. Remove fuel filler cap and fuel airplane to desired level.
• Note •
If fuel is going to be added to only one tank, the tank being
serviced should be filled to the same level as the opposite
tank. This will aid in keeping fuel loads balanced.
5. Remove nozzle, install filler cap, and remove protective cover.
6. Repeat refuel procedure for opposite wing.
7. Remove ground wires.
8. Remove fire extinguisher.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
8-23
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Fuel Contamination and Sampling
Typically, fuel contamination results from foreign material such as
water, dirt, rust, and fungal or bacterial growth. Additionally, chemicals
and additives that are incompatible with fuel or fuel system
components are also a source of fuel contamination. To assure that
the proper grade of fuel is used and that contamination is not present,
the fuel must be sampled prior to each flight.
Each fuel system drain must be sampled by draining a cupful of fuel
into a clear sample cup. Fuel drains are provided for the fuel
gascolator, wing tanks, and collector tank drains. The gascolator drain
exits the lower engine cowl just forward of the firewall near the airplane
centerline. Fuel tank and collector tank drains are located at the low
spot in the respective tank.
If sampling reveals contamination, the gascolator and tank drains must
be sampled again repeatedly until all contamination is removed. It is
helpful to gently rock the wings and lower the tail slightly to move
contaminates to the drain points for sampling. If after repeated
samplings (three or more), evidence of significant contamination
remains, do not fly the airplane until a mechanic is consulted, the fuel
system is drained and purged, and the source of contamination is
determined and corrected.
Airplane serials 1887 and subsequent; The gascolator incorporates a
filter bypass that activates a red, pop-up tab when pressure drop
across the gascolator reaches 0.8 ± 0.2 PSI. The filter is bypassed
when the pressure drop reaches 1.20 ± 0.2 PSI. Once the pop-up tab
is activated, the fuel filter element must be replaced and the pop-up
tab manually reset. Do not attempt to clean the filter element.
If sampling reveals the airplane has been serviced with an improper
fuel grade, do not fly the airplane until the fuel system is drained and
refueled with an approved fuel grade.
To help reduce the occurrence of contaminated fuel coming from the
supplier or fixed based operator, pilots should assure that the fuel
supply has been checked for contamination and that the fuel is
properly filtered. Also, between flights, the fuel tanks should be kept as
full as operational conditions permit to reduce condensation on the
inside of fuel tanks.
8-24
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Draining Fuel System
The bulk of the fuel may be drained from the wing fuel tanks by the use
of a siphon hose placed in the cell or tank through the filler neck. The
remainder of the fuel may be drained by opening the drain valves. Use
the same precautions as when refueling airplane. Refer to the SR20
Maintenance Manual for specific procedures.
Battery Service
Access to the 24 volt Battery 1 is gained by removing the upper cowl. It
is mounted to the forward right side of the firewall. The battery vent is
connected to an acid resistant plastic tube that vents gases and
electrolyte overflow overboard.
The battery fluid level must not be brought above the baffle plates.
Until experience indicates a longer interval is justified, the battery
should be checked every 30 days to determine that the fluid level is
proper and the connections are tight and free of corrosion. Do not fill
the battery with acid use distilled water only.
If the battery is not properly charged, recharge it starting with a rate of
four amperes and finishing with a rate of two amperes in accordance
with Airplane Maintenance Manual (AMM) procedures. The battery
should be removed from the airplane for charging, and quick charges
are not recommended.
Battery 2 is a maintenance free, rechargeable, sealed, lead acid
batter. Mounted in the empennage just aft of bulkhead 222, there is no
need to check the specific gravity of the electrolyte or add water to
these batteries during their service life. Refer to the Airplane
Maintenance Manual (AMM) for Overhaul and Replacement Schedule.
The external power receptacle is located on the left side of the
fuselage just aft of the firewall. Refer to the Airplane Maintenance
Manual (AMM) for battery servicing procedures.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
8-25
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cleaning and Care
Cleaning Exterior Surfaces
• Note •
Prior to cleaning, place the airplane in a shaded area to allow
the surfaces to cool.
The airplane should be washed with a mild soap and water. Harsh
abrasives or alkaline soaps or detergents could make scratches on
painted or plastic surfaces or could cause corrosion of metal. Cover
static ports and other areas where cleaning solution could cause
damage. Be sure to remove the static port covers before flight. To
wash the airplane, use the following procedure:
1. Flush away loose dirt with water.
2. Apply cleaning solution with a soft cloth, a sponge or a soft bristle
brush.
3. To remove exhaust stains, allow the solution to remain on the
surface longer.
4. To remove stubborn oil and grease, use a cloth dampened with
naphtha.
5. Rinse all surfaces thoroughly.
Any good silicone free automotive wax may be used to preserve
painted surfaces. Soft cleaning cloths or a chamois should be used to
prevent scratches when cleaning or polishing. A heavier coating of
wax on the leading surfaces will reduce the abrasion problems in these
areas.
8-26
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cleaning Product
Cleaning Application
Supplier
Mild Dishwasher Soap
(abrasive free)
Fuselage Exterior and
Landing Gear
Any Source
Pure Carnauba Wax
Fuselage Exterior
Any Source
Mothers California Gold
Pure Carnauba Wax
Fuselage Exterior
Wal-Mart Stores
RejeX
Fuselage Exterior
Corrosion Technologies
WX/Block System
Fuselage Exterior
Wings and Wheels
AeroShell Flight Jacket
Plexicoat
Fuselage Exterior
ShellStore Online
XL-100 Heavy-Duty
Cleaner/Degreaser
Fuselage Exterior and
Landing Gear
Buckeye International
Stoddard Solvent
PD-680 Type ll
Engine Compartment
Any Source
Kerosene
Exterior Windscreen
and Windows
Any Source
Klear-To-Land
Exterior Windscreen
and Windows
D.W. Davies & Co
Prist
Exterior Windscreen
and Windows
Prist Aerospace
LP Aero Plastics
Acrylic Polish & Sealant
Exterior Windscreen
and Windows
Aircraft Spruce &
Specialty
Figure 8-2
Recommended Exterior Cleaning Products
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
8-27
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Windscreen and Windows
Before cleaning an acrylic window, rinse away all dirt particles before
applying cloth or chamois. Never rub dry acrylic. Dull or scratched
window coverings may be polished using a special acrylic polishing
paste.
• Caution •
Clean acrylic windows with a solvent free, none abrasive,
antistatic acrylic cleaner. Do not use gasoline, alcohol,
benzene, carbon tetrachloride, thinner, acetone, or glass
window cleaning sprays.
Use only a nonabrasive cotton cloth or genuine chamois to
clean acrylic windows. Paper towel or newspaper are highly
abrasive and will cause hairline scratches.
1. Remove grease or oil using a soft cloth saturated with kerosene
then rinse with clean, fresh water.
• Note •
Wiping with a circular motion can cause glare rings. Use an up
and down wiping motion to prevent this.
To prevent scratching from dirt that has accumulated on the
cloth, fold cloth to expose a clean area after each pass.
2. Using a moist cloth or chamois, gently wipe the windows clean of
all contaminates.
3. Apply acrylic cleaner to one area at a time, then wipe away with a
soft, cotton cloth.
4. Dry the windows using a dry nonabrasive cotton cloth or chamois.
8-28
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Engine Compartment
Before cleaning the engine compartment, place a strip of tape on the
magneto vents to prevent any solvent from entering these units.
1. Place a large pan under the engine to catch waste.
2. Remove induction air filter and seal off induction system inlet.
3. With the engine cowling removed, spray or brush the engine with
solvent or a mixture of solvent and degreaser. In order to remove
especially heavy dirt and grease deposits, it may be necessary to
brush areas that were sprayed.
Do not spray solvent into the alternator, vacuum pump, starter,
or induction air intakes.
4. Allow the solvent to remain on the engine from 5 to 10 minutes.
Then rinse engine clean with additional solvent and allow it to dry.
• Caution •
Do not operate the engine until excess solvent has evaporated
or otherwise been removed
5. Remove the protective tape from the magnetos.
6. Open induction system air inlet and install filter.
7. Lubricate the controls, bearing surfaces, etc., in accordance with
the Lubrication Chart.
Landing Gear
Before cleaning the landing gear, place a plastic cover or similar
material over the wheel and brake assembly.
1. Place a pan under the gear to catch waste.
2. Spray or brush the gear area with solvent or a mixture of solvent
and degreaser, as desired. Where heavy grease and dirt deposits
have collected, it may be necessary to brush areas that were
sprayed, in order to clean them.
3. Allow the solvent to remain on the gear from five to ten minutes.
Then rinse the gear with additional solvent and allow to dry.
4. Remove the cover from the wheel and remove the catch pan.
5. Lubricate the gear in accordance with the Lubrication Chart.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
8-29
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Cleaning Interior Surfaces
Seats, carpet, upholstery panels, and headliners should be vacuumed
at regular intervals to remove surface dirt and dust. While vacuuming,
use a fine bristle nylon brush to help loosen particles.
• Caution •
Remove any sharp objects from pockets or clothing to avoid
damaging interior panels or upholstery.
Windshield and Windows
Never rub dry acrylic. Dull or scratched window coverings may be
polished using a special acrylic polishing paste.
• Caution •
Clean acrylic windows with a solvent free, none abrasive,
antistatic acrylic cleaner. Do not use gasoline, alcohol,
benzene, carbon tetrachloride, thinner, acetone, or glass
window cleaning sprays.
Use only a nonabrasive cotton cloth or genuine chamois to
clean acrylic windows. Paper towel or newspaper are highly
abrasive and will cause hairline scratches.
• Note •
Wiping with a circular motion can cause glare rings. Use an up
and down wiping motion to prevent this.
To prevent scratching from dirt that has accumulated on the
cloth, fold cloth to expose a clean area after each pass.
1. Using a moist cloth or chamois, gently wipe the windows clean of
all contaminates.
2. Apply acrylic cleaner to one area at a time, then wipe away with a
soft, cotton cloth.
3. Dry the windows using a dry nonabrasive cotton cloth or chamois.
8-30
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cleaning Product
Cleaning Application
Supplier
Prist
Interior Windscreen and
Windows
Prist Aerospace
Optimax
Display Screens
PhotoDon
Mild Dishwasher Soap
(abrasive free)
Cabin Interior
Any Source
Leather Care Kit
50689-001
Leather Upholstery
Cirrus Design
Leather Cleaner
50684-001
Leather Upholstery
Cirrus Design
Ink Remover
50685-001
Leather Upholstery
Cirrus Design
Leather Conditioner
50686-001
Leather Upholstery
Cirrus Design
Spot and Stain
Remover
50687-001
Leather Upholstery
Cirrus Design
Vinyl Finish Cleaner
50688-001
Vinyl Panels
Cirrus Design
Vinyl and Leather
Upholstery
Cirrus Design
Vinyl & Leather Cleaner
51479-001
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Figure 8-3
Recommended Interior Cleaning Products
8-31
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Instrument Panel and Electronic Display Screens
The instrument panel, control knobs, and plastic trim need only to be
wiped clean with a soft damp cloth. The multifunction display, primary
flight display, and other electronic display screens should be cleaned
with Optimax - LCD Screen Cleaning Solution as follows:
• Caution •
To avoid solution dripping onto display and possibly migrating
into component, apply the cleaning solution to cloth first, not
directly to the display screen.
Use only a lens cloth or nonabrasive cotton cloth to clean
display screens. Paper towels, tissue, or camera lens paper
may scratch the display screen.
Clean display screen with power OFF.
1. Gently wipe the display with a clean, dry, cotton cloth.
2. Moisten clean, cotton cloth with cleaning solution.
3. Wipe the soft cotton cloth across the display in one direction,
moving from the top of the display to the bottom. Do not rub
harshly.
4. Gently wipe the display with a clean, dry, cotton cloth.
Headliner and Trim Panels
The airplane interior can be cleaned with a mild detergent or soap and
water. Harsh abrasives or alkaline soaps or detergents should be
avoided. Solvents and alcohols may damage or discolor vinyl or
urethane parts. Cover areas where cleaning solution could cause
damage. Use the following procedure:
• Caution •
Solvent cleaners and alcohol should not be used on interior
parts. If cleaning solvents are used on cloth, cover areas
where cleaning solvents could cause damage.
1. Clean headliner, and side panels, with a stiff bristle brush, and
vacuum where necessary.
8-32
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
2. Soiled upholstery, may be cleaned with a good upholstery cleaner
suitable for the material. Carefully follow the manufacturer's
instructions. Avoid soaking or harsh rubbing.
Leather Upholstery and Seats
For routine maintenance, occasionally wipe leather upholstery with a
soft, damp cloth. For deeper cleaning, start with mix of mild detergent
and water then, if necessary, work your way up to the products
available from Cirrus for more stubborn marks and stains. Do not use
soaps as they contain alkaline which will alter the leather’s pH balance
and cause the leather to age prematurely. Cover areas where cleaning
solution could cause damage. Use the following procedure:
• Caution •
Solvent cleaners and alcohol should not be used on leather
upholstry.
1. Clean leather upholstery with a soft bristle brush, and vacuum
where necessary.
2. Wipe leather upholstery with a soft, damp cloth.
3. Soiled upholstery, may be cleaned with the approved products
available from Cirrus Design. Avoid soaking or harsh rubbing.
Carpets
To clean carpets, first remove loose dirt with a whiskbroom or vacuum.
For soiled spots and stubborn stains use a non-flammable, dry
cleaning fluid. Floor carpets may be cleaned like any household
carpet.
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
8-33
Section 8
Handling, Servicing, Maintenance
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
8-34
P/N 11934-003
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 9
Supplements
This section of the handbook contains FAA Approved Supplements
necessary to safely and to efficiently operate the SR20 when equipped
with optional systems or equipment not provided with the standard
airplane or for special operations or not included in the handbook.
Basically, supplements are mini-handbooks and will contain data
corresponding to most sections of the handbook. Data in a
supplement adds to, supersedes, or replaces similar data in the basic
handbook.
A Log of Supplements page immediately follows this page and
precedes all Cirrus Design Supplements produced for this airplane.
The Log of Supplements page can be utilized as a “Table of Contents”
for this section. In the event the airplane is modified at a non Cirrus
Design facility through an STC or other approval method, it is the
owners responsibility to assure that the proper supplement, if
applicable, is installed in the handbook and the supplement is properly
recorded on the Log of Supplements page.
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
9-1
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
9-2
P/N 11934-003
Reissue A
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 9
Log of Supplements
Part Number
Title
Date
___ 11934-S01 R2 Garmin GMA 340 Audio System
07-18-05
___ 11934-S05
03-31-99
Garmin GNC 250XL GPS Navigator w/ VHF COM
___ 11934-S06 R1 S-Tec System Twenty Autopilot
12-07-04
___ 11934-S09 R1 Approved Oxygen Systems
01-07-03
___ 11934-S11 R1 L-3 Avionics Systems WX500 Stormscope Sensor
07-18-05
___ 11934-S12
12-26-00
Garmin GTX 327 Transponder
___ 11934-S15 R1 L-3 Avionics Systems SkyWatch Traffic Advisory System10-12-05
___ 11934-S17
SR20 Airplanes Registered in Canada
___ 11934-S19 R1 S-Tec System Thirty Autopilot with GPSS
10-10-01
12-07-04
___ 11934-S20 R4 S-Tec System 55X Autopilot w/ Altitude Selector/Alerter 08-15-07
___ 11934-S22 R2 Garmin GNS 430 GPS Navigator
08-15-07
___ 11934-S23 R2 Garmin GNC 420 GPS Navigator
08-15-07
___ 11934-S24
01-07-03
Sandel Avionics SN3308 Navigation Display
___ 11934-S25 R1 Winterization Kit
12-07-04
___ 11934-S27 R2 S-Tec System 55SR Autopilot
07-18-05
___ 11934-S28
Garmin GTX 330 Mode S Transponder
07-03-04
___ 11934-S29
SR20 Airplanes Registered in the European Union
05-27-04
___ 11934-S30 R1 Honeywell KGP 560 Terrain/Awareness Warning System12-15-07
___ 11934-S31 R1 Avidyne EMax™ Engine Instrumentation
12-15-07
___ 11934-S32 R1 Avidyne CMax™ Electronic Approach Charts
12-15-07
___ 11934-S33 R1 XM Satellite Weather System
12-15-07
___ 11934-S34 R2 Avidyne Flight Director
12-15-07
___ 11934-S36 R1 Artex ME406 406 MHz ELT System
12-18-08
___ 11934-S37 R1 SR20 Airplanes Equipped with the “G3 Wing”
08-26-09
___ 11934-S38 R1 Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator
11-11-07
___ 11934-S44
Part 135 Operations: Electrical Loading Shedding
06-13-09
___ 11934-S45
SR20 Airplanes Registered in Argentina
08-26-09
11934-log3
Revision A9
9-3
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
FAA Approved POH Supplements must be in the airplane for flight operations when the
subject optional equipment is installed or the special operations are to be performed.
This Log of Supplements shows all Cirrus Design Supplements available for the aircraft
at the cooresponding date of the revision level shown in the lower left corner. A mark (x)
in the Part Number column indicates that the supplement is installed in the POH.
9-4
11934-log3
Revision A9
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
Garmin GMA 340 Audio System
Includes Optional XM Radio System
When the Garmin GMA 340 Audio Panel and the optional XM Radio
System are installed in the Cirrus Design SR20, this Supplement is
applicable and must be inserted in the Supplements Section (Section
9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook (Handbook).
Information in this supplement either adds to, supersedes, or deletes
information in the basic Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 02: 07-18-05
supersedes and replaces Revision 01 of this supplement
dated 07-03-04. This revision adds required data for the
optional XM Radio System available for the Garmin GMA 340.
P/N 11934-S01
Revision 02: 07-18-05
1 of 10
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
This supplement provides detailed operating instructions for the
Garmin GMA 340 Audio Selector Panel/Intercom System with internal
Marker Beacon. This supplement covers the basic operating areas of
the Audio Control Panel.
• Power On / Fail-safe Operation
• Audio / Transceiver Selection
• Speaker Output
• Public Address (PA) Function
• Personal Music Inputs
• Intercom (ICS)
• Marker Beacon
1
5
4
2
6
3
9
7
15
8
10
11
12
13
14
SR20_FM09_1108
1.
Marker Beacon Annunciators
10. Split COM Button / LED
2.
Marker Audio Select Button / LED
11. Cabin Audio Select Buttons / LEDs
3.
Marker Sensitivity Select Button
a.
HI Sensitivity LED
b.
LO Sensitivity LED
a.
SPKR, Cabin Speaker
b.
PA, Public Address
12. Intercom Isolation Buttons / LEDs
4.
Pilot Intercom Squelch (outer knob)
a.
PILOT Intercom Mode
5.
Power / Intercom Volume (inner knob)
b.
CREW Intercom Mode
6.
7.
Transceiver Audio Select Buttons/ 13. Copilot
/
Passenger
Intercom
LEDs
Squelch (outer knob)
Photocell
14. Copilot (IN) / Passenger (OUT)
8.
Receiver Audio Select Buttons / LEDs
9.
Transceiver Audio/Transmit
Buttons / LEDs
2 of 10
Intercom Volume (inner knob)
Select 15. Indicator Test Button
Figure - 1
Audio Control Panel
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Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
Use of auxiliary AUDIO IN entertainment input and the optionally
installed XM Radio System is prohibited during takeoff and landing.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
In the event of an audio panel power failure, the audio system will
revert to COM 1 for the pilot’s mic and headphones and the pilot will
have transmit and receive capability.
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
Refer to Section 7 - System Description in this supplement for a
complete description and operation of the Audio Control Panel.
Section 5 - Performance
No change from basic Handbook.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
Garmin GMA 340 Audio System: No change from basic Handbook.
Installation of the optional XM Radio System adds the following
optional (Sym = O) equipment at the weight and arm shown in the
following table.
ATA /
Item
Description
Sym
Qty
22-01
XM Receiver
O
1
Part Number
Unit
Wt
Arm
16665-001
1.7
114.0
Section 7 - System Description
Power On and Fail-safe Operation
The Audio Control Panel is powered ‘OFF’ when the left inner knob
(PILOT) is at the full CCW (counter-clockwise) position. Rotating the
knob CW (clockwise) activates the unit. CW rotation of knob beyond
the ‘on’ detent increases pilot ICS (intercom system) volume.
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A fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset directly to the COM1
transceiver in the event of a power failure to the audio control panel or
the panel is switched ‘OFF.’
Test
Pressing the TEST button illuminates all Panel LEDs and the Marker
Beacon Annunciators full bright. During normal operation, a photocell
mounted at the approximate center of the control panel senses
ambient light to allow automatic LED and annunciator intensity
adjustment. Nomenclature dimming is controlled by the INST lights
control on the instrument panel bolster.
Audio/Transceiver Selection
Audio selection is performed through the eight selector push buttons in
the center of the Audio Control Panel. All audio selector push buttons
are push-on, push-off. Selecting an audio source supplies audio to the
headphones or cabin speaker. Selected audio sources are indicated
by illumination of the push-button switch.
Navigation receiver audio source is selected by depressing NAV1,
NAV2 (if installed), MKR, DME (if installed), or ADF (if installed) will
select that radio or device as the audio source. Audio level of
navigation receivers is controlled through the selected radio volume
control.
Transceiver audio is selected by depressing COM1, COM2, or COM3
(if installed). When the audio source is selected using the COM1,
COM2, and COM3 buttons, the audio source will remain active
regardless of which transceiver is selected as the active MIC source.
Both transceiver audio and MIC (microphone) can be selected by
depressing COM1 MIC, COM2 MIC, or COM3 MIC (if installed). Both
pilot and copilot are connected to the selected transceiver and both
have transmit and receive capabilities. Pilot and copilot must use their
respective Push-To-Talk (PTT) switch to transmit. The intercom will
function normally. During transmissions the active transmitter’s COM
MIC button LED blinks at a 1 Hz rate indicating active transmission.
Split COM Function
Pressing the COM 1/2 button activates the split COM function. When
split COM is active, COM 1 is the pilot mic/audio source and COM2 is
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Section 9
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the copilot mic/audio source. The pilot has receive and transmit
capabilities on COM1 and the copilot has receive and transmit
capabilities on COM2. While split COM is active, simultaneous
transmission from COM1 and COM2 is not possible. The pilot and
copilot can still listen to COM3, NAV1, NAV2, DME, ADF, and MKR.
Pressing the COM 1/2 button a second time will deactivate the split
COM function. While split COM is active, the copilot is able to make PA
announcements over the cabin speaker allowing the pilot to continue
using COM1 independently. This is accomplished by depressing the
PA button while split COM is active. Pressing the PA button a second
time deactivates this feature and returns the system to normal split
COM as described above.
COM Swap Mode
COM swap mode is not available in this installation.
Speaker Output
Pressing the SPKR button will cause the selected airplane radios to be
heard over the cabin speaker. Speaker output is muted when a COM
microphone is keyed. Speaker level is adjustable through an access
hole in the top of the unit (refer to Garmin installation manual or AMM).
Public Address (PA) Function
Pressing the PA button on the audio control panel activates the PA
function. When PA is activated and either the pilot’s or copilot’s
microphone is keyed (PTT pressed), the corresponding mic audio is
output over the cabin speaker. If the SPKR button is also active, any
previously active speaker audio will be muted while the microphone is
keyed. Pilot and copilot PA microphone speaker levels are adjustable
through an access hole in the top of the unit (refer to Garmin
installation manual or AMM).
Personal Music Inputs
• Note •
Serials 1005 thru 1532 and serials before SB 2X-34-14; Audio
from AUDIO INPUT jacks Music1 and Music2 is muted during
intercom activity.
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SR20
The Audio Control Panel has provisions for up to two separate
personal entertainment input (music) devices. These devices are
plugged into the AUDIO INPUT jacks in the center console jack
panels. Music1 is connected at the AUDIO INPUT jack near the
convenience outlet. Music2 is connected to the jack on the aft console.
Music1 is soft-muted during all airplane radio activity. Music1 and
Music2 have characteristics affected by the active ICS isolation mode.
• Pressing the PILOT ICS Isolation button isolates the pilot from
the copilot and passengers. Music1 is available to copilot and
passengers.
• Pressing the CREW ICS Isolation button isolates the crew from
the passengers and allows the pilot and copilot to listen to
Music1 and the passengers to listen to Music2. Radio activity,
MKR activity, and pilot or copilot ICS activity will mute Music1.
Music2 is not muted.
• When both the PILOT and CREW ICS Isolation mode are not
selected, Music1 is available to crew and passengers. Radio
activity and MKR activity will mute Music1.
Intercom
Intercom controls are located towards the left side of the Audio Control
Panel. The controls consist of a Volume control for the pilot and
copilot, a Squelch control for all occupants, and an Intercom Mode
Selector switch.
Volume & Squelch Control
ICS volume and voice operated relay (VOX) squelch control is
controlled through the left (PILOT) and right (COPILOT) control knobs
on the Audio Control Panel Control. Knob control is as follows:
• Left Inner Knob – On/Off power control and pilot ICS volume.
Full CCW is ‘OFF’ position (click).
• Left Outer Knob – Pilot ICS mic VOX level. CW rotation
increases the amount of mic audio (VOX level) required to
break squelch. Full CCW is the ‘hot mic’ position.
• Right Inner Knob – When pushed in, rotation controls copilot
ICS volume. When out, rotation controls passenger ICS
volume.
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Section 9
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• Right Outer Knob – Copilot and passenger mic VOX level. CW
rotation increases the amount of mic audio (VOX level) required
to break squelch. Full CCW is the ‘hot mic’ position.
Each microphone input has a dedicated VOX circuit to assure that only
the active microphone(s) is/are heard when squelch is broken. After
the operator has stopped talking, the intercom channel remains
momentarily open to avoid closure between words or normal pauses.
Control
The Audio Control Panel provides an adjustable Voice Operated Relay
(VOX) Squelch Control for the pilot, copilot, and passengers. Since the
VOX circuits reduce the number of microphones active at any one
time, the amount of unwanted background noise in the headphones is
diminished. This also allows the use of dissimilar headsets with the
same intercom. Because the user can adjust the trip level of the VOX
squelch to fit the individual voice and microphone, this helps eliminate
the frustration of clipping the first syllables. There is a slight delay after
a person stops talking before the channel closes. This prevents
closure between words and eliminates choppy communications.
To adjust squelch:
1. With the engine running, set the VOX trip level by slowly rotating
the SQL control knob clockwise until you no longer hear the
engine noise in the headphones.
2. Position microphone near your lips and speak into microphone.
Verify that normal speech levels open the channel.
Intercom Modes
The GMA 340 provides three intercom (ICS) modes to further simplify
workload and minimize distractions during all phases of flight: PILOT,
CREW, and ALL. The mode selection is accomplished using the
PILOT and CREW push-buttons. Pressing a button activates the
corresponding ICS mode and pressing the button a second time
deactivates the mode. The operator can switch modes (PILOT to
CREW or CREW to PILOT) by pressing the desired modes push-
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button. ALL mode is active when neither PILOT or CREW have been
selected.
PILOT
The pilot is isolated from the intercom. The pilot can hear
radio and sidetone only during radio transmissions. Copilot
and passengers can hear the intercom and music but not the
airplane radio receptions or pilot transmissions.
CREW
Pilot and copilot are connected on one intercom channel and
have exclusive access to the aircraft radios. They may also
listen to Music1. Passengers can continue to communicate
with themselves without interrupting the Crew and also may
listen to Music2.
ALL
All parties will hear the aircraft radio, intercom, and Music1.
The music volume increases gradually back to the original
level after communications have been completed. Both pilot
and copilot have access to the COM transceivers.
The following table shows, in abbreviated form, what each occupant
hears in each of the selectable Intercom modes:
Mode
Pilot Hears
Copilot Hears
Passenger Hears
PILOT
A/C Radios
Pilot
Passengers
Copilot
Music1
Passengers
Copilot
Music1
CREW
A/C Radios
Pilot/Copilot
Music1
A/C Radios
Copilot/Pilot
Music1
Passengers
Music2
ALL
A/C Radio
Pilot/Copilot
Passengers
Music1
A/C Radio Pilot/
Copilot
Passengers
Music1
A/C Radio
Pilot/Copilot
Passengers
Music1
Marker Beacon
The Marker Beacon Receiver provides visual and audio indicators to
alert the pilot when the airplane passes over a 75 MHz transmitter.
Marker beacon controls and lights are located at the extreme left of the
Audio Control Panel.
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Section 9
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Marker beacon audio is selected by pressing the MKR push-button. If
no marker beacon signal is being received, pressing the MKR pushbutton a second time deselects marker beacon audio. However, if
marker beacon is being received, pressing the MKR push-button a
second time will mute the audio but the light will continue to flash.
Pressing the MKR push-button a third time (while marker beacon
audio is muted) deselects marker beacon audio. Marker beacon audio
muting automatically disables when the current signal is no longer
received.
• Note •
The marker beacon lamps (O, M, A) operate independently of
the audio and cannot be disabled.
Marker beacon light and audio keying for ILS approach are
summarized below:
O (Blue)
Outer Marker light and associated 400 Hertz tone. The
light and tone are keyed at a rate of two tones/flashes per
second.
M (Amber)
Middle Marker light and associated 1300 Hertz tone. The
light and tone are keyed alternately with short and long
bursts.
A (White)
Airway/Inner Marker light and associated 3000 Hertz
tone. The light and tone are keyed at a rate of six times
per second.
Marker Beacon Sensitivity
The SENS push-button on the left side of the panel is used to set the
marker beacon receiver sensitivity. The selected sensitivity level is
indicated by illumination of the HIGH or LOW LED. When HIGH
sensitivity is selected, the outer marker beacon tone will sound farther
out. Selecting LOW sensitivity at this point allows more accurate
location of the Outer Marker. Typically, HIGH sensitivity is selected
until the outer marker tone is heard, and then LOW sensitivity is
selected for more accurate outer marker location.
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XM Radio System (Optional Installation)
• Note •
For a detailed operating instructions, refer to the XM Radio
Wireless Controller User Instructions, Document No.
XMC050-4, original release or later. MFD software
partnumber 530-00162-000 or later is required for installation
of XM Radio System.
Subscription to a XM Radio System Service Package is
required for operation. Contact XM Satellite Radio at
800.985.9200 for subscription information.
The optional XM Radio System provides satellite broadcast audio
entertainment and information to aircraft occupants via the Garmin
GMA 340 Audio System while traveling anywhere within the
contiguous United States of America.
The XM receiver, installed in the co-pilot side of the center console,
receives audio information via its integral antenna from two
geosynchronous XM broadcast satellites. The audio signal is then sent
by wire to the Audio Control Panel’s Music1 and Music2 AUDIO INPUT
jacks. System operation is provided by a hand held, wireless
controller.
• When initially powered, the XM radio volume is set to mute and
will remain muted until the XM radio establishes communication
with the wireless controller.
• System volume for both AUDIO INPUT jacks is controlled
simultaneously via the wireless controller.
• In the event of wireless controller failure during flight, cycling
the Weather/Stormscope circuit breaker will reset the volume to
mute.
• XM radio is the default audio heard on the AUDIO INPUT jacks.
If a personal entertainment device such as a CD player is
plugged into either AUDIO INPUT jacks, the external source will
override the XM audio signal. Refer to the Intercom Modes
Table presented above for a description of intercom modes.
The XM Radio System is powered by 28 VDC supplied through the 3amp Weather/Stormscope breaker on the Non-Essential Bus.
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Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
Garmin GTX 327 Transponder
When a Garmin GTX 327 Transponder is installed in the Cirrus Design
SR20, this Supplement is applicable and must be inserted in the
Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot’s
Operating Handbook. This document must be carried in the airplane at
all times. Information in this supplement adds to, supersedes, or
deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook.
26 Dec 2000
P/N 11934-S12
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1 of 8
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
The airplane is equipped with a single Garmin GTX 327 ATC Mode A/
C (identification and altitude) transponder with squawk capability. This
supplement provides complete operating instructions for the GTX 327
and does not require any additional data be carried in the airplane.
1
2
3
10 9
1. Identification Key
2. Mode Selector Keys
a. OFF
b. STBY (Standby)
c. ON
d. ALT
3. Display Window
4. FUNC (Function) Key
4
8
7
5
6
5. CRSR (Cursor)
6. CLR (Clear) Key
7. START/STOP Key
8. Photocell
9. VFR Key
10. Selector Keys
a. 0-7 - Code Selection
b. 8-9 - Display Brightness/Contrast
SR20_FM09_1501
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Section 2 - Limitations
No Change
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
No Change
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
• Note •
Expected coverage from the GTX 327 is limited to “line of
sight.” Low altitude or aircraft antenna shielding by the
airplane itself may result in reduced range. Range can be
improved by climbing to a higher altitude.
After Engine Start
1. Avionics Power Switch ...............................................................ON
The transponder will turn on in the STBY mode. The transponder
is “on” but will not respond to interrogations from ATC secondary
surveillance radar.
Before Takeoff
1. Transponder Mode Selector Keys ............................................. ALT
If the transponder is in the STBY mode, it will automatically switch
to ALT during takeoff when the groundspeed increases through
approximately 35 knots. The transponder will respond to ATC
Mode C (altitude and identification) interrogations.
• Note •
Selecting ON puts the transponder in Mode A (identification)
only. The transponder will respond to Mode C (altitude)
interrogations with signals that contain no altitude information.
After Landing
1. Transponder Mode Selector Keys ............................. STBY or OFF
If the transponder is in the ALT mode for landing, it will
automatically switch to STBY during landing rollout when the
groundspeed decreases through approximately 35 knots.
P/N 11934-S12
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Section 5 - Performance
No Change
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
No Change
Section 7 - Systems Description
• Note •
This supplement provides specific procedures for use of the
GTX 327 Transponder in the SR20 and a general description
of the unit. For a detailed description of the GTX 327, refer to
GARMIN GTX 327 Mode A/C Transponder Pilots Guide, p/n
190-00187-00 Revision A (Feb 2000) or later revision.
The Garmin GTX 327 transponder system consists of the integrated
receiver/transmitter control unit, an antenna, and an altitude digitizer.
The receiver/transmitter receives interrogations from a ground-based
secondary surveillance radar transmitter and then transmits to the
interrogating Air Traffic Control Center. Digitized altitude information is
provided by the altitude digitizer (encoder) plumbed into the airplane
static system. The transponder and integrated controls are mounted in
the center console. The transponder control provides active code
display, code selection, IDENT button, and test functions. The display
is daylight readable and is automatically dimmed through a photocell.
The controller buttons are dimmed through the INST lights control on
the instrument panel bolster. The transponder antenna is mounted on
the underside of the fuselage just aft of the firewall. 28 vdc for
transponder operation is controlled through the Avionics Master
Switch on the bolster switch panel. 28 VDC for receiver, transmitter,
and altitude encoder operation is supplied through the 2-amp
ENCODER/XPONDER circuit breaker on the Avionics Essential Bus.
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Mode Selector Keys
The mode selector keys are located in a circular arrangement
immediately to the left of the display window. The selected mode is
annunciated at the left side of the display immediately adjacent to the
selector keys. The five positions are:
OFF - Turns off all power to the GTX 327 transponder. The
transponder should be off until the engine is started. Normally, the
transponder can be left in the STBY position and allow the Avionics
Power Switch to control system power.
STBY - Powers the transponder in standby mode. The last active
identification code will be selected. In STBY, the transponder will not
reply to any interrogations from an ATC secondary ground surveillance
radar system. This is the normal position for ground operations in the
SR20.
• Note •
STBY mode is automatically entered from ALT mode during
landing ground roll as the groundspeed decreases through 35
knots.
ON - Powers on the GTX 327 in Mode A (identification mode.). The
last active identification code will be selected. In addition to the
airplane’s identification code, the transponder will also reply to altitude
(Mode C) interrogations with signals that do not contain altitude
information.
ALT - Places the transponder in Mode A and Mode C, identification
and altitude respectively. The transponder will respond to
interrogations with the airplane’s identification code and standard
pressure altitude (29.92 inches Hg).
• Note •
ALT mode is automatically entered from STBY mode during
takeoff ground roll as the groundspeed increases through 35
knots.
P/N 11934-S12
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SR20
Code Selector Keys
Code selection is accomplished by depressing the eight selector keys
(numbered 0 - 7) located immediately below the display. Any of 4096
active identification codes can be selected. The selected code must be
in accordance with instructions for IFR flight or rules applicable to
transponder utilization for VFR flight.
The airplane’s transponder code is used to enhance tracking capability
by ATC. Therefore, do not switch the transponder to STBY when
making routine code changes.
Input a New Code
1. Use CLR key to remove the current code.
2. Use “0 - 7” keys to input the new code. The new code will not be
activated until the last (fourth) digit is entered. Pressing the CLR
key will move the cursor back to the previous digit. Pressing the
CRSR key during code entry will remove the cursor and cancel the
entry.
• Note •
When making routine code changes, avoid inadvertent
selection of code 7500 and all codes within the 7600 series
(7600 – 7677) and 7700 series (7700 – 7777). These codes
trigger special indicators in automated facilities. 7500 will be
decoded as the hijack code.
Important Codes
• 1200 – VFR code for any altitude in U.S.
• 7000 – VFR code commonly used in Europe
• 7500 – Hijacking
• 7600 – Loss of communications
• 7700 – Emergency
• 7777 – Military interceptor operations (Never squawk this code)
• 0000 – Military use only (not enterable)
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Reply Light
The reply light is the small reverse video “R” immediately below the
mode annunciation in the display window. The reply light will blink
each time the transponder replies to ground interrogations. The light
will remain on during the 18-second IDENT time interval.
IDENT Key
Pressing the IDENT button activates the Special Position Identification
(SPI) pulse for approximately 18 seconds allowing ATC to identify your
transponder return from other returns on the controller’s scope. The
Reply annunciator in the display will illuminate during the SPI pulse.
Momentarily press the IDENT key when the controller requests,
“SQUAWK IDENT.”
VFR Key
Pressing the VFR key sets the transponder to the pre-programmed
VFR code selected in the configuration mode (factory set to 1200).
Pressing the VFR key a second time will restore the previous
identification code.
FUNC Key
Pressing the FUNC key changes the data shown on the right side of
the display. Pressing the FUNC key a second time will cycle the
display to the next data. Displayed data includes Pressure Altitude,
Flight Time, Count Up Timer, Count Down Timer, Contrast, and
Display Brightness.
PRESSURE ALT - Displays pressure altitude in feet. An arrow to the
right of the altitude indicates that the airplane is climbing or
descending.
FLIGHT TIME - Displays the flight time. The timer receives
groundspeed from GPS1. Flight time starts when the groundspeed
reaches 35 knots on takeoff and pauses when the groundspeed
descends below 35 knots on landing.
COUNT UP TIMER - The count up timer is controlled by the START /
STOP key. Pressing the CLR key zeros the display.
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COUNT DOWN TIMER - The count down timer is controlled by the
START / STOP key. The CRSR and “0 - 9” keys are used to set the
initial time. Pressing the CLR key resets the timer to the initial value.
CONTRAST - Allows adjustment of display contrast. When
CONTRAST is selected, pressing the “8” key reduces contrast and
pressing “9” increases contrast.
DISPLAY - The display function is not available in this installation.
Display brightness is automatically controlled through a photocell in
the front panel.
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Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
For
S-Tec System 55X Autopilot w/
Altitude Selector/Alerter
When the S-Tec System Fifty Five X (55X) Autopilot with Altitude
Selector/Alerter is installed in the Cirrus Design SR20, serials 1268
and subsequent, this Supplement is applicable and must be inserted
in the Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus Design SR20
Pilot’s Operating Handbook. This document must be carried in the
airplane at all times. Information in this supplement adds to,
supersedes, or deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating
Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 04: 08-15-07,
supersedes and replaces Revision 03 of this supplement
dated 07-18-05.
P/N 11934-S20
Revision 04: 08-15-07
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Section 9
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
This airplane is equipped with an S-TEC System 55X Autopilot. The
System 55X autopilot is a two-axis autopilot system. The system
consists of a flight guidance programmer/computer, altitude encoder,
altitude selector / alerter, turn coordinator, and HSI. Mode selection
and vertical speed selection is made on the programmer/computer
panel. A button on each control yoke handle may be used to
disengage the autopilot. The autopilot makes roll changes through the
aileron trim motor and spring cartridge and makes pitch changes for
altitude hold through the elevator trim motor. The SR20 installation of
the S-Tec System 55X Autopilot features:
• Heading Hold and Command;
• NAV/LOC/GPS/GS tracking, high and low sensitivity, and
automatic 45° course intercept;
• GPS Steering (GPSS);
• Altitude Pre-select, Hold and Command, Altitude display, and
baro correction;
• Altitude and Decision Height (DH) alert; and
• Vertical Speed Hold and Command.
Refer to S-Tec System Fifty-Five X Autopilot Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH): Serials 1005 thru 1336; P/N 87109 dated 8
November 2000 or later OR Serials 1337 and subsequent; P/N 87247
original release or later for full operational procedures and description
of implemented modes. The System 55X POH also contains detailed
procedures for accomplishing GPS & VOR course tracking, front
course and back course localizer approaches, and glideslope tracking.
Refer to S-Tec Altitude Selector / Alerter Pilot’s Operating Handbook
(POH) P/N 8716 or P/N 87110 (original issue or later) for full
operational procedures and detailed description of operational modes
of the Altitude Selector / Alerter.
• Note •
The SR20 implementation of the System 55X Autopilot does
not utilize the optional remote annunciator, roll servo, and
optional trim servo. Therefore, all references to these items in
the S-Tec System 55X POH shall be disregarded. Additionally,
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Section 9
Supplements
this installation does not utilize a CWS (Control Wheel
Steering) switch or an AUTOPILOT MASTER switch.
• Note •
This installation utilizes the airplane’s roll trim actuator to
affect steering changes. Therefore, the automatic trim function
of the System 55X is not implemented. Disregard all
references in the S-Tec System 55X POH to this feature.
Roll information is displayed on the HSI. Autopilot Flight
Director is not implemented in this installation.
Section 2 - Limitations
1. Autopilot operation is prohibited above 185 KIAS.
2. The autopilot must not be engaged for takeoff or landing.
3. The autopilot must be disengaged for missed approach, goaround, and balked landing.
4. Flaps must be set to 50% for autopilot operation in Altitude Hold at
airspeeds below 95 KIAS.
5. Flap deflection is limited to 50% during autopilot operations.
6. The autopilot must be disconnected in moderate or severe
turbulence.
7. Minimum engage height for the autopilot is 400 ft AGL.
• WARNING •
Autopilot may not be able to maintain all selectable vertical
speeds. Selecting a vertical speed that exceeds the aircraft’s
available performance may cause the aircraft to stall.
8. Minimum speed with the autopilot engaged is 1.2Vs for the given
configuration.
9. For VOR/GPS and ILS glideslope and localizer intercept, capture,
and tracking, the following limitations apply:
a. The autopilot must be disengaged no later than 100 feet below
the Minimum Descent Altitude.
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b.
The autopilot must be disconnect during approach if course
deviation exceeds 50%. The approach should only be
continued by “hand-flying” the airplane.
c.
The autopilot must be disengaged at the Decision Height.
d. 12 knot maximum crosswind component between the missed
approach point and outer marker.
e. The intercept of the localizer shall occur at least 5 miles
outside of the outer marker.
f.
If the crosswind component is greater than 12 knots and less
than 17 knots, the intercept shall occur at least 10 miles
outside of the outer marker.
g. The intercept angle shall be no greater than a 45-degree
intercept.
h. The ILS is flown at normal approach speeds, and within any
STC or TC speed constraints and as defined in this flight
manual.
i.
The flaps should be extended in the approach configuration
prior to the Outer Marker. No further changes in the flap
configuration should be made throughout the autopilotcoupled approach.
j.
The glideslope is approached in such a manner to allow
automatic arming of the glideslope, or if the glideslope is
manually armed no more than 15% above the glideslope.
10. The S-TEC System Fifty Five X Pilot’s Operating Handbook:
Serials 1005 thru 1336; P/N 87109 dated 8 November 2000 or
later OR Serials 1337 and subsequent; P/N 87247 original release
or later, must be carried in the airplane at all times and must be
available to the pilot while in flight.
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SR20_FM09_1502A
Figure - 1
System 55X Altitude Selector/Alerter & Autopilot Computer
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Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
Autopilot Malfunction
Refer to Electric Trim/Autopilot Failure procedure in the SR20 POH. Do
not reengage the autopilot until the malfunction has been identified
and corrected. The autopilot may be disconnected by:
1. Pressing the A/P DISC/Trim switch on the control yoke handle.
2. Pulling the AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on Essential Bus.
Altitude lost during a roll axis autopilot malfunction and recovery:
Flight Phase
Bank Angle
Altitude Loss
Climb
30°
None
Cruise
55°
100 ft
Descent
55°
120 ft
Maneuvering
10°
None
Approach
0°
20 ft
Altitude lost during a pitch axis autopilot malfunction and recovery:
Flight Phase
Altitude Loss
Cruise
200 ft
ILS
25 ft
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System Failure and Caution Annunciations
If any of the following failure annunciations occur at low altitude or
during an actual instrument approach, disengage the autopilot,
execute a go-around or missed approach as appropriate. Inform ATC
of problem. Do not try to troubleshoot until a safe altitude and
maneuvering area are reached or a safe landing is completed.
Annunciation
Condition
Action
Flashing RDY for 5
seconds with
audible tone.
Autopilot disconnect. All
annunciations except RDY
are cleared.
None.
Flashing RDY with
audible tone then
goes out.
Turn coordinator gyro
speed low. Autopilot
disengages and cannot be
re-engaged.
Check power to turn
coordinator.
Flashing NAV,
REV, or APR.
Off navigation course by
50% needle deviation or
more.
Use HDG mode until
problem is identified.
Crosscheck raw NAV
data, compass heading,
and radio operation.
Flashing NAV,
REV, or APR with
steady FAIL
Invalid radio navigation
signal.
Check Nav radio for
proper reception. Use
HDG mode until problem
is corrected.
Flashing VS
Excessive vertical speed
error over selected vertical
speed. Usually occurs in
climb.
Reduce VS command
and/or adjust power as
appropriate.
Flashing GS
Off glideslope centerline by
50% needle deviation or
more.
Check attitude and
power. Adjust power as
appropriate.
Flashing GS with
steady FAIL
Invalid glideslope radio
navigation signal.
Disconnect autopilot and
initiate go-around or
missed approach
procedure. Inform ATC.
Flashing GS plus
ALT.
Manual glideslope disabled. Re-enable by pressing
NAV mode button.
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Section 4 - Normal Procedures
Refer to Section 7 – Systems Description for a description of the
autopilot and altitude selector and their respective modes.
The Autopilot is integrated with the Altitude Selector/Alerter and can
be operated with or without data inputs from the Altitude Selector/
Alerter. The autopilot ALT and VS modes are coupled to the Altitude
Selector/Alerter ALT and VS outputs by pressing and holding the
Autopilot Programmer/Computer VS button and then pressing the ALT
button. Altitude Selector Vertical Speed output can be individually
coupled to the autopilot through the autopilot VS mode by pressing the
autopilot VS button.
• WARNING •
The pilot must properly monitor and control the engine power
to avoid stalling the airplane in autopilot altitude hold or
vertical speed modes.
• Note •
Any coupled Altitude Selector / Alerter mode can be disabled
by disconnecting the autopilot.
Autopilot and Altitude Selector Pre-Flight Tests
1. Battery Master Switch ............................................................... ON
2. Transponder .............................................................................. ON
3. Avionics Power Switch .............................................................. ON
Note that all autopilot annunciators, except CWS, and TRIM
illuminate. After about 5 seconds, all lights will go out. When the
turn coordinator gyro has reached operational RPM, the RDY
annunciator will come on.
4. Altitude Selector Tests:
a. Altimeter ................................................... Set Field Elevation.
b.
Self-Test – On power up, all annunciators come on for
approximately 5 seconds and then sounds an audio tone.
After the self-test is complete, press the DTA and then BAR
buttons on the altitude selector.
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Rotate altitude selector input knob to set BARO to the nearest
0.1 inch Hg.
d. Push ALT button to display ALT SEL. With a flashing SEL
annunciator, rotate the selector knob to input an altitude 300
to 400 feet lower or higher than the indicated altitude.
e. Push the VS button. Rotate the selector input knob to input the
desired climb (+) or descent (-) vertical speed.
f.
Push ALT button, ALT SEL annunciator will illuminate.
g. Engage autopilot HDG mode.
h. Press and hold the VS button and then press the ALT button.
Autopilot VS and ALT annunciators will illuminate.
i.
Rotate altitude selector knob to change selected altitude to
match field elevation. VS annunciator on autopilot
programmer should go out when the ALT SEL setting on the
altitude selector is within 100 feet of indicated altitude on
altimeter. Autopilot ALT mode should remain illuminated,
indicating autopilot altitude hold is engaged. If ALT
engagement does not occur within 100 feet of indicated
altitude, readjust BARO setting on altitude selector.
5. Autopilot Tests
a. Heading Mode ................................................................. TEST
1.) Center the HDG bug under the lubber line on the HSI.
2.) Momentarily press HDG button on autopilot Mode
Selector. Note that HDG light illuminates.
3.) Then rotate HDG knob on the HSI to the left then right.
Note that control yokes follow movement of knob. Then
return HDG bug to lubber line.
b.
Vertical Speed ................................................................. TEST
1.) Press VS button on autopilot programmer/computer. Note
that VS light illuminates VS+0.
2.) Rotate the VS control knob to 500 FPM up (+5). After a
short delay, the control yoke will move aft.
3.) Rotate the VS control knob to 500 FPM down (-5). After a
short delay, the control yoke will move forward.
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Altitude Hold ....................................................................TEST
1.) Depress ALT button on autopilot programmer/computer.
Note that ALT annunciator comes on, VS annunciator
goes out, and yoke does not move.
d. Overpower Test:
1.) Grasp control yoke and input left aileron, right aileron,
nose up, and nose down to overpower autopilot.
Overpower action should be smooth in each direction with
no noise or jerky feel.
e. Radio Check:
1.) Turn on NAV1 radio, with a valid NAV signal, and select
VLOC for display on the HSI.
2.) Use autopilot programmer/computer to engage NAV
mode and move OBS so that VOR deviation needle
moves left or right. Note that control yokes follow direction
of needle movement.
f.
Autopilot Disconnect Tests:
1.) Press Pilot A/P DISC/Trim Switch (control yoke). Note that
the autopilot disengages. Move control yoke to confirm
that pitch and roll control is free with no control restriction
or binding.
2.) Repeat step using Copilot A/P DISC/Trim Switch.
In-Flight Procedures
1. Autopilot RDY Light ...................................................... CHECK ON
2. Trim airplane for existing flight conditions.
3. Engage desired mode by pressing mode selector button on
autopilot programmer/computer.
Heading Mode
1. Begin by selecting a heading on HSI within 10° of the current
airplane heading.
2. Press HDG button on autopilot programmer/computer. The HDG
annunciator will illuminate and the airplane will turn to the selected
heading.
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3. Use HSI HDG bug to make heading changes as desired.
Autopilot Altitude Hold Mode
1. Manually fly the airplane to the desired altitude and level off.
• Note •
For smoothest transition to altitude hold, the airplane rate of
climb or descent should be less than 100 FPM when Altitude
Hold is selected.
2. Press HDG or NAV to engage a roll mode. The associated
annunciator will illuminate.
• Note •
A roll mode must be engaged prior to engaging a pitch mode.
3. Press the ALT button on the autopilot programmer/computer. The
ALT annunciator will illuminate indicating that the mode is
engaged and the autopilot will hold the present altitude.
• Note •
Manually flying the airplane off the selected altitude will not
disengage altitude hold and the autopilot will command a pitch
change to recapture the altitude when the control input is
released.
4. Altitude can be synchronized to another altitude by rotating the VS
knob on the programmer/computer. Clockwise rotation will
increase and counterclockwise rotation will decrease altitude 20
feet for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±360 feet.
Adjustments greater than 360 feet can be made by selecting VS
mode and flying the airplane to the new altitude and then reengaging ALT mode.
Autopilot Vertical Speed Mode
1. Begin by manually establishing the desired vertical speed.
2. Press HDG or NAV to engage a roll mode. The associated
annunciator will illuminate.
• Note •
A roll mode must be engaged prior to engaging a pitch mode.
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3. Press the VS button on the autopilot programmer/computer to
engage the vertical speed mode. When the mode is engaged, the
autopilot will synchronize to and hold the vertical speed at the time
the mode was engaged.
• Note •
The vertical speed is displayed in 100-foot increments at the
far right of the programmer/computer window next to the VS
annunciation. A plus (+) value indicates climb and a negative
or minus (-) value indicates descent.
4. Vertical speed can be adjusted by rotating the VS knob on the
programmer/computer. Clockwise rotation increases and
counterclockwise rotation decreases rate of climb (or descent) 100
FPM for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±1600 FPM.
• Note •
A flashing VS mode annunciator indicates excessive error
between actual vertical speed and the selected vertical speed
(usually in climb). The pilot should adjust power or reduce the
commanded vertical speed as appropriate to remove the
error.
Altitude Pre-Select
The altitude selector may be used to set up an altitude and vertical
speed for intercept and capture. The altitude can be above or below
the current altitude and the vertical speed chosen should be
appropriate (climb or descent) for the altitude. Once selected, the
altitude and vertical speed can be coupled to the autopilot by pressing
and holding the VS button and then pressing the ALT button.
1. Press altitude selector DTA button to enter the data entry (ENT)
mode.
2. Press altitude selector BARO button and adjust baro setting as
necessary.
3. Press the ALT button to enter altitude select mode. The SEL
annunciator will flash. Use the altitude selector knob to input the
desired altitude in thousands of feet; for example, 5500 feet is
entered as 5.5 and 10,500 is entered as 10.5.
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4. Press DTA again to accept altitude entry, the ENT annunciator will
go out and the SEL annunciator will stop flashing and illuminate
steady indicating that the system is in the ‘operate’ mode.
• Note •
When the system is in the ‘operate’ mode, pressing the ALT
button will cause the system to extinguish the SEL
annunciator and display the baro corrected encoded altitude.
Pressing the ALT button again will return the display to the
selected altitude and the SEL annunciator will come on again.
5. Press altitude selector VS button and use altitude selector knob to
input the desired vertical speed in 100 FPM increments. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase vertical speed and CCW to decrease
vertical speed. Positive (+) vertical speed indicates climb and
negative (-) vertical speeds indicates descent. Any vertical speed
from ±1 (100 FPM) to ±16 (1600 FPM) is selectable.
• Note •
If an altitude is selected that requires an opposite vertical
speed from that selected, the system will automatically select
the correct sign (‘+’ for climb, ‘-‘for descent) and a vertical
speed of 500 FPM.
6. After takeoff, press and hold the VS button and then press the ALT
button to engage the autopilot VS mode and arm the autopilot
altitude hold mode to capture and hold the selected altitude. If the
ALR button is pressed, the system will provide alarms at 1000 feet
and 300 feet from the selected altitude. As the airplane’s altitude
nears the selected altitude, the system automatically reduces
vertical speed command in 100 FPM increments to provide a 300
FPM vertical speed at altitude capture. The system will make a
smooth transition to the selected altitude and hold the selected
altitude.
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BARO Selection
Upon initial start-up, the altitude selector enters BARO select
immediately after the self-test if it is receiving a valid altitude signal.
The setting can easily be entered at this time. At other times, it is
necessary to select the DTA entry and BARO modes in order to adjust
the BARO setting. After initial start-up, the Baro setting can be
changed at any time using the following procedure:
1. Press DTA button on altitude selector to enter the data entry
mode. ENT will be annunciated.
2. Press BAR button to display the BARO setting. Repeated presses
of the BAR button will toggle the display between millibars and
inches Hg.
• Note •
The BARO setting can also be displayed by pressing the ALT
button while in the ‘operate mode’ (i.e. SEL annunciator
illuminated).
3. Rotate the selector knob (CW to increase setting or CCW to
decrease setting). Only three digits are displayed for millibars: for
a BARO setting of 952.8 mb, the display will indicate 952; and for a
BARO setting of 1003.8 mb, the display will read 003. For inches
Hg, the 1/100 decimal position will not be selectable or displayed;
for example, a 29.92 inch Hg setting is input and displayed as
29.9.
4. Press DTA again to accept the entry.
Set Decision Height (DH)
1. Press altitude selector DTA button to enter the data entry (ENT)
mode.
2. Press DH button to enter decision height with the display reading
0.0. Use the altitude selector knob to set the desired decision
height to the nearest 100 ft above the desired decision height. For
example, for a DH of 1160 feet, set 1200 feet.
3. Press altitude DTA button again to enter the selected DH. The
display will show the selected decision height for approximately 5
seconds and then revert to ALT mode and display the altitude. The
DH annunciator will remain illuminated indicating a decision height
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is set. As the airplane approaches within approximately 50 feet of
the decision height, the alert will sound and the DH light will flash.
As the airplane passes through approximately 50 feet beyond the
decision height, the alert will sound and the light will flash again.
• Note •
Pressing the DH button again will disable the DH function
causing the DH annunciation to go out. Repeated activation of
the DH button alternately activates and deactivates the DH
mode.
Set Altitude Alert (ALR)
1. Press altitude selector ALR button to arm alert mode. The ALR
annunciator will come on. Upon entering within 1000 feet of the
altitude selected in ALT SEL, the altitude alert chime will sound in
the cabin speaker and headphones and the ALR annunciator will
flash. The chime will sound and the ALR annunciator will flash
again as the airplane approaches within 300 feet of the selected
altitude. If the airplane’s altitude deviates ± 300 feet from the
selected altitude, the chime will sound and the ALR annunciator
will flash to indicate the condition.
2. To disable ALR, press the altitude selector ALR button again. The
ALR annunciator will go out.
GPS Tracking and GPS Approach
1. Begin with a reliable GPS signal selected on the NAV receiver.
2. Select desired course on HSI and establish a desired intercept
heading.
3. Press the NAV button on the autopilot programmer/computer
twice. The NAV and GPSS mode annunciators will illuminate.
• Note •
If the course needle is at full-scale deviation, the autopilot will
establish the airplane on a heading for a 45° intercept with the
selected course. As the airplane approaches the course, the
autopilot will smoothly shallow the intercept angle. The pilot
may select an intercept angle less than the standard 45° by
setting the desired intercept heading with the HSI HDG bug,
pressing and holding HDG, and then pressing NAV once to
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intercept course in NAV mode or twice to intercept course in
GPSS mode on the autopilot programmer/computer. When
the on-course intercept turn begins the HDG mode will
disengage and the annunciator will go out.
During the intercept sequence, the autopilot operates at
maximum gain and sensitivity (90% of standard rate turn).
When the selected course is intercepted, course deviation
needle centered, the course-tracking program is activated.
The system will remain at maximum sensitivity for
approximately 15 seconds while the wind correction angle is
established. The maximum turn rate is then reduced to 45%
standard rate. Approximately 60 seconds later, the maximum
turn rate is reduced to 15% standard rate.
4. For increased sensitivity during GPS approach or if desired for
enroute tracking, press the APR button on the autopilot
programmer/computer. The NAV, GPSS, and APR annunciators
will be illuminated. Use HDG to accomplish a procedure turn.
Engage GPSS again to complete the approach.
VOR Tracking and VOR-LOC Approach
1. Begin with a reliable VOR or VOR-LOC signal selected on the
NAV receiver.
2. Select desired course on HSI and establish a desired intercept
heading.
3. Press the NAV button on the autopilot programmer/computer. The
NAV mode will illuminate. Course interception and tracking will be
as described under GPS Tracking and GPS Approach above.
4. For station passage, set HDG bug to within 5° of selected course.
• Note •
If the HDG bug is within 5° of center and the course deviation
is less than 10%, the autopilot will immediately establish the
lowest level of sensitivity and limit the turn rate to a maximum
of 15% of a standard rate turn.
5. For increased sensitivity during approach or if desired for enroute
tracking, press the APR button on the autopilot programmer/
computer. Both NAV and APR annunciators will be illuminated.
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Glideslope Intercept and Tracking
1. Begin with a reliable ILS signal selected on the NAV receiver.
2. Select autopilot NAV and APR. Airplane must be within 50%
needle deviation of localizer centerline.
3. Select ALT mode. Airplane must be 60% or more below the
glideslope centerline during the approach to the intercept point. If
the above conditions have existed for 10 seconds, GS mode will
arm, the GS annunciator will come on and the ALT annunciator will
remain illuminated. When glideslope intercept occurs, the ALT
annunciator will go out and the system will track the glideslope.
• Note •
If approach vectoring locates the airplane too near the
glideslope at the intercept point (usually the outer marker), the
GS mode can be manually armed by pressing the ALT button
once. Once capture is achieved, GS annunciator will come on
and ALT annunciator will go out.
Section 5 - Performance
There is no change to the airplane performance when the S-Tec
System 55X autopilot is installed.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
There is no change to the airplane weight & balance when the S-Tec
System 55X autopilot is installed.
Section 7 - Systems Description
Autopilot
The airplane is equipped with an S-Tec System 55X two-axis
Automatic Flight Control System (Autopilot). The autopilot
programmer/computer is installed in the center console radio stack.
The autopilot roll axis uses an inclined gyro in the turn coordinator
case as the primary turn and roll rate sensor. In addition to the turn
coordinator instrument, the roll axis computer receives signals from
the HSI and the #1 NAV/GPS radio. The roll computer computes roll
steering commands for turns, radio intercepts, and tracking. Roll axis
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steering is accomplished by autopilot steering commands to the
aileron trim motor and spring cartridge.
The pitch computer receives altitude data from the altitude encoder
pressure transducer plumbed into the static system, an accelerometer,
and glideslope information from the HSI and #1 NAV radio. Pitch axis
command for altitude hold, vertical speed hold, and glideslope tracking
is accomplished by pitch computer commands to the elevator trim
motor.
The altitude selector provides altitude and vertical speed pre-select
capability for the autopilot. A pre-programmed altitude and vertical
speed can be input into the altitude selector/alerter and then coupled
to the autopilot. The autopilot will then follow the selected vertical
speed until the selected altitude is reached. Then the altitude selector
will signal the autopilot to hold the selected altitude. The altitude
selector/alerter receives uncorrected altitude data from the same
altitude encoder used by the transponder. In addition to the preselect
functions, the altitude selector provides altitude alert, decision height,
and altitude readout.
28 VDC for autopilot and altitude selector/alerter is supplied through
the 5-amp AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
All Autopilot mode selection is performed by using the mode select
buttons and VS knob on the autopilot programmer/computer in the
center console. Annunciators in the programmer/computer display
window annunciate modes. Refer to Figure 1 for an illustration of the
programmer/computer.
RDY (Ready)– Illuminates when autopilot is ready for engagement.
When the airplane’s Battery Master switch is turned on and the rate
gyro RPM is correct, the RDY annunciator will come on indicating the
autopilot is ready for the functional check and operation. The autopilot
cannot be engaged unless the RDY light is illuminated.
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HDG (Heading) Mode – When HDG is selected, the autopilot will
engage the HDG mode, fly the airplane to, and hold the heading set on
the HSI. Subsequent heading changes are made using the HDG knob
on the HSI. For smoothest transition to HDG mode, it is recommended
that the airplane be aligned to within 10° of the selected heading
before engaging HDG. The HDG mode is also used in combination
with the NAV mode to set up a pilot selected intercept angle to a
course.
GPSS (GPS Steering) – Pressing NAV twice will cause the autopilot
to go to GPSS for smoother tracking and transitions. When GPSS is
selected, the autopilot can be switched between heading and GPSS
modes of operation. In the heading mode, the converter receives a
heading error signal from the heading bug on the Horizontal Situation
Indicator. GPSS converts this information and sends this heading error
directly to the autopilot.
In the GPSS mode, the converter receives ground speed and bank
angle digital signals that are calculated and converted to a
commanded turn rate. The turn rate is then scaled and converted to a
DC heading error signal that is compatible with the autopilot. The end
result is an autopilot that can be directly coupled to the roll steering
commands produced by the GPS Navigator, eliminating the need for
the pilot to make any further adjustments to the HSI course arrow.
REV (Reverse Course) – When REV is selected, the autopilot will
automatically execute high sensitivity gain for an approach where
tracking the front course outbound or tracking the back course inbound
is required. The APR and REV annunciators will illuminate when REV
is selected.
APR (Approach) – When APR is selected, the autopilot provides
increased sensitivity for VOR or GPS approaches. APR may also be
used to provide increased sensitivity for enroute course tracking.
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GS (Glideslope) – The autopilot GS function will capture and track an
ILS glideslope. To arm the GS function, the following conditions must
be met: (1) the NAV receiver must be tuned to the appropriate ILS
frequency; (2) The glideslope signal must be valid – no flag; (3) the
autopilot must be in NAV/APR/ALT modes; and (4) the airplane must
be 60% or more below the glideslope centerline during the approach
to the intercept point, and within 50% needle deviation of the localizer
centerline at the point of intercept – usually the outer marker. When
the above conditions have existed for 10 seconds, the GS annunciator
will illuminate indicating GS arming has occurred (ALT annunciator will
remain on). When the glideslope is intercepted and captured, the ALT
annunciator will go out.
ALT (Altitude Hold), Mode – When ALT is selected, the autopilot will
hold the altitude at the time the mode was selected. Altitude hold will
not engage if an autopilot roll mode is not engaged. Altitude correction
for enroute barometric pressure changes may be made by rotation of
the VS knob on the autopilot programmer/computer. Clockwise
rotation will increase and counterclockwise rotation will decrease
altitude 20 feet for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±360 feet.
Adjustments greater than 360 feet can be made by selecting VS mode
and flying the airplane to the new altitude and then re-engaging ALT
mode.
VS (Vertical Speed) Mode – When VS is selected, the autopilot will
synchronize to and hold the vertical speed at the time the mode was
selected. Altitude hold will not engage if an autopilot roll mode is not
engaged. The vertical speed is displayed in 100-foot increments at the
far right of the programmer/computer window next to the VS
annunciation. A plus (+) value indicates climb and a negative or minus
(-) value indicates descent. Vertical speed can be adjusted by rotating
the VS knob on the programmer/computer. Clockwise rotation
increases and counterclockwise rotation decreases rate of climb (or
descent) 100 FPM for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±1600
FPM.
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Altitude Selector / Alerter
The altitude selector / alerter provides the autopilot with an altitude
preselect function, a programmable vertical speed function, as well as
provides altitude alert, decision height alert, and baro corrected
altitude display. The altitude selector reads and decodes altitude
information from the same altitude encoder that provides altitude
information to the transponder. The decoded altitude is baro corrected
and then compared to the selected altitude setting. When the decoded
and baro corrected altitude matches the selected altitude, the altitude
selector signals the autopilot to engage the ALT hold mode. The
altitude select (ALT SEL) function is operable only when the
transponder and encoder are operating and then both the autopilot
ALT and VS modes are selected.
The altitude selector also provides a vertical speed signal to the
autopilot pitch computer that is proportional to the amplitude and
direction of the selected or computed vertical speed. This signal is not
used by the autopilot until the autopilot VS mode is engaged. When
VS is engaged, the autopilot compares the selected vertical speed
signal with the existing vertical speed derived from the autopilot’s
altitude transducer and maneuvers the airplane to attain the selected
vertical speed. The Vertical Speed (VS) select portion of the altitude
selector / alerter is showing a selected vertical speed (VS annunciator
on) and the autopilot Vertical speed (VS) mode is engaged.
The altitude selector / alerter also provides Decision Height (DH) and
Altitude Alert (ALR) selection. All selector function selection is made
through the altitude selector/alerter. Available functions are as follows:
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SR20
DTA (Data) – The data entry button is used to select data entry mode.
The first time the DTA button is pressed the selector will enter the data
entry mode, the ENT annunciator will come on, and the SEL
annunciator will flash to indicate the system is ready to accept an
altitude entry. To change baro (BAR) correction, Decision Height (DH),
or Vertical Speed (VS), press the appropriate button on the selector
and rotate the input knob at the right of the display CW to increase the
displayed numbers and CCW to decrease the displayed numbers. Pull
the knob out and rotate as required to change the decimal numbers.
When the system is in the ENT mode, it is not coupled to the autopilot.
In this mode, the autopilot will hold the last vertical speed selected.
• Note •
It is not necessary to enter the DTA mode to change the
vertical speed, if vertical speed is coupled to the autopilot. If
this is the case, vertical speed changes can be made by
rotating the input knob as required to obtain the new vertical
speed.
While in this mode, pressing DTA a second time will toggle the system
to ‘operate’ mode. Repeatedly pressing the DTA button will toggle the
system between ENT and ‘operate’ mode.
BAR (baro) – In this mode, the baro setting used by the altitude
selector may be changed. When the Altitude Selector / Alerter is
initially powered, the BARO mode is displayed automatically at the
completion of the self-test. At other times, it is necessary to enter the
data entry mode by pressing the DTA button and then inputting a new
baro correction. Pressing the DTA button a second time will return the
system to the ‘operate’ mode.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
ALT (Altitude) – The ALT button has two functions: Altitude Pre-select
and Altitude readout.
Pre-select - When the ALT button is pressed while the system is in the
Data Entry (DTA) mode the SEL annunciator will flash and a new
altitude can be selected by rotating the input knob CW to increase
altitude and CCW to decrease altitude in thousands of feet. Pull the
knob to input altitude in hundreds of feet. For example: 5500 feet is
input as 5.5. Pressing DTA again will return the system to ‘operate’
mode and the SEL annunciator will stop flashing with the ALT
annunciator remaining on. When a preselect altitude is coupled to the
autopilot by pressing and holding the VS button and then pressing the
ALT button, the airplane will fly at the selected vertical speed until the
selected altitude is intercepted. At that time the altitude selector will
command the autopilot to engage altitude hold.
Readout – When the ALT button is pressed in the ‘operate’ mode, the
SEL annunciator will go out and the display will show the baro
corrected encoder altitude. Repeated pushes of the ALT button will
alternately display baro corrected encoder altitude and pre-selected
altitude.
ALR (Alert Mode) – The ALR button enables the altitude alert system
in conjunction with the ALT SEL mode. Pressing the ALR switch
illuminates the ALR annunciator indicating arming of the alert mode.
Upon entering within 1000 feet of the altitude selected in ALT SEL, the
altitude alert chime will sound in the cabin speaker and headphones
and the ALR annunciator will flash. The chime will sound and the ALR
annunciator will flash again as the airplane approaches within 300 feet
of the selected altitude. If the airplane’s altitude deviates ± 300 feet
from the selected altitude, the chime will sound and the ALR
annunciator will flash to indicate the condition. The ALR function can
be alternately enabled and disabled by repeatedly pressing the ALR
button.
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SR20
DH (Decision Height) – The DH button allows entry and arming of
altitude alerting at a set decision height. To set a DH, first enter the
data (DTA) entry (ENT) mode, press the DH button, and rotate the
selector knob to input the desired decision height to the nearest 100
feet above the specified decision height. For example, for a DH of
1160 feet set 1.2 (1200 feet). After setting the desired decision height,
press the DTA button again to accept the entered DH. The display will
show the selected DH for approximately 5 seconds and then revert to
Alt mode until the selected DH is reached during descent. The DH
annunciator will remain illuminated indicating a decision height is set.
As the airplane approaches within approximately 50 feet of the
decision height, the alert will sound and the DH light will flash. As the
airplane passes through approximately 50 feet beyond the decision
height, the alert will sound and the light will flash again. Pressing the
DH button again will disable the DH function causing the DH
annunciation to go out. Repeated activation of the DH button
alternately activates and deactivates the DH mode.
VS (Vertical Speed) – At initial start up, after self-test, pressing the
Altitude Selector / Alerter VS button enables vertical speed selector
mode. The initial vertical speed will be set at + 2 indicating a climb at
200 feet per minute. Rotating the selector input knob will change the
selected vertical speed in 100 FPM increments. Rotate CW to
increase vertical speed or CCW to Decrease vertical speed. The
maximum vertical speed is ± 1600 FPM (± 16). Zero vertical speed is
not selectable.
The vertical speed display is the only Altitude Selector / Alerter
function available in the ‘operate’ mode. Therefore, vertical speed
changes can be commanded by rotating the selector input knob.
Vertical speeds can also be entered in the data (DTA) entry (ENT)
mode by pressing the VS button and using the selector input knob to
enter a new vertical speed. The DTA button must be pressed again to
accept the new vertical speed and enter the ‘operate’ mode.
The Altitude Selector / Alerter VS mode can be disabled by pressing
the Altitude Selector / Alerter MAN button.
MAN (Manual) – Vertical Speed selection can be completely
decoupled from the autopilot system by depressing the Altitude
Selector / Alerter MAN button.
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P/N 11934-S20
Revision 04: 08-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
For
S-Tec System 55SR Autopilot
When the S-Tec System Fifty Five SR (55SR) Autopilot is installed in
the Cirrus Design SR20, serials 1337 and subsequent, this
Supplement is applicable and must be inserted in the Supplements
Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot’s Operating
Handbook. This document must be carried in the airplane at all times.
Information in this supplement adds to, supersedes, or deletes
information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 02: 07-18-05
supersedes and replaces Revision 01 of this supplement
dated 12-07-04.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
This airplane is equipped with an S-TEC System 55SR Autopilot. The
System 55SR autopilot is a two-axis autopilot system. The system
consists of a flight guidance programmer/computer, altitude
transducer, turn coordinator, and primary flight display (PFD). Mode
selection is made on the programmer/computer panel. A button on
each control yoke handle may be used to disengage the autopilot. The
autopilot makes roll changes through the aileron trim motor and spring
cartridge and makes pitch changes for altitude hold through the
elevator trim motor. The autopilot operates on 28 VDC supplied
through the 5-amp AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
The S-Tec System 55SR Autopilot features:
• Heading Hold and Command.
• NAV/LOC/GPS tracking; HI and LO sensitivity.
• Altitude Hold and Command.
• Vertical Speed Hold and Command.
• GPS Steering (GPSS) for smoother turns onto a course or
during course tracking.
Refer to S-Tec System Fifty-Five SR Autopilot Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH), P/N 87127 dated 01 September 2003 or later
revision for full operational procedures and description of implemented
modes.
• Note •
The SR20 implementation of the System 55SR Autopilot does
not utilize the optional remote annunciator, roll servo, yaw
servo. Therefore, all references to these items in the S-Tec
System 55SR POH shall be disregarded. Additionally, this
installation does not utilize a CWS (Control Wheel Steering)
switch or an AUTOPILOT MASTER switch.
This installation utilizes the airplane’s roll trim actuator to
affect steering changes. Therefore, the automatic trim function
of the System 55SR is not implemented. Disregard all
references in the S-Tec System 55SR POH to this feature.
Roll information is displayed on the PFD. Autopilot Flight
Director is not implemented in this installation.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
1. Autopilot operation is prohibited above 180 KIAS.
2. The autopilot must not be engaged for takeoff or landing.
3. The autopilot must be disengaged for missed approach, goaround, and balked landing.
4. Flaps must be set to 50% for autopilot operation in Altitude Hold at
airspeeds below 95 KIAS.
5. Flap deflection is limited to 50% during autopilot operations.
6. The autopilot must be disconnected in moderate or severe
turbulence.
7. Minimum engage height for the autopilot is 400 ft AGL.
8. Minimum speed with the autopilot engaged is 1.2Vs for the given
configuration.
9. For VOR/GPS and ILS glideslope and localizer intercept, capture,
and tracking, the following limitations apply:
a. The autopilot must be disengaged no later than 100 feet below
the Minimum Descent Altitude.
b.
The autopilot must be disconnect during approach if course
deviation exceeds 50%. The approach should only be
continued by “hand-flying” the airplane.
c.
The autopilot must be disengaged at the decision height.
d. 12 knot maximum crosswind component between the missed
approach point and outer marker.
e. The intercept of the localizer shall occur at least 5 miles
outside of the outer marker.
f.
If the crosswind component is greater than 12 knots and less
than 17 knots, the intercept shall occur at least 10 miles
outside of the outer marker.
g. The intercept angle shall be no greater than a 45-degree
intercept.
h. The ILS is flown at normal approach speeds, and within any
STC or TC speed constraints and as defined in this flight
manual.
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i.
Cirrus Design
SR20
The flaps should be extended in the approach configuration
prior to the Outer Marker. No further changes in the flap
configuration should be made throughout the autopilotcoupled approach.
10. The S-Tec System 55SR Autopilot Pilot’s Operating Handbook
(POH), P/N 87127 dated 01 September 2003 or later, must be
carried in the airplane and available to the pilot while in flight.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
FIFTY FIVE SR
S-TEC
HDG
R
D
Y
NAV
C
W
S
APR
F
A
G
I
L
P
S
REV TRIM
ALT
GS
S
VS +
APR
REV
ALT
VS
IN C R
NAV
DECR
VS x 100
HDG
SR20_FM09_1996
P/N 11934-S27
Revision 02: 07-18-05
Figure - 1
System Fifty-Five SR Autopilot
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Section 9
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
Autopilot Malfunction
Refer to Electric Trim/Autopilot Failure procedure in the SR20 POH. Do
not reengage the autopilot until the malfunction has been identified
and corrected. The autopilot may be disconnected by:
1. Pressing the A/P DISC/Trim switch on the control yoke handle.
2. Pulling the AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on Essential Bus.
Altitude lost during a roll axis autopilot malfunction and recovery:
Flight Phase
Bank Angle
Altitude Loss
Climb
30°
None
Cruise
55°
100 ft
Descent
55°
120 ft
Maneuvering
10°
None
Approach
0°
20 ft
Altitude lost during a pitch axis autopilot malfunction and recovery:
Flight Phase
Cruise
6 of 16
Altitude Loss
200 ft
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
System Failure and Caution Annunciations
If any of the following failure annunciations occur at low altitude or
during an actual instrument approach, disengage the autopilot,
execute a go-around or missed approach as appropriate. Inform ATC
of problem. Do not try to troubleshoot until a safe altitude and
maneuvering area are reached or a safe landing is completed.
Annunciation
Condition
Action
Flashing RDY for 5
seconds with
audible tone.
Autopilot disconnect. All
annunciations except RDY
are cleared.
None.
Flashing RDY with
audible tone then
goes out.
Turn coordinator gyro
speed low. Autopilot
disengages and cannot be
re-engaged.
Check power to turn
coordinator.
Flashing NAV,
REV, or APR.
Off navigation course by
50% needle deviation or
more.
Use HDG mode until
problem is identified.
Crosscheck raw NAV
data, compass heading,
and radio operation.
Flashing NAV,
REV, or APR with
steady FAIL
Invalid radio navigation
signal.
Check Nav radio for
proper reception. Use
HDG mode until problem
is corrected.
Flashing VS
Excessive vertical speed
error over selected vertical
speed. Usually occurs in
climb.
Reduce VS command
and/or adjust power as
appropriate.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
Refer to Section 7 – Systems Description for a description of the
autopilot modes.
• WARNING •
The pilot must properly monitor and control the engine power
to avoid stalling the airplane in autopilot altitude hold or
vertical speed modes.
Autopilot Pre-Flight Test
1. Battery 1 Master Switch ............................................................ ON
2. Transponder .............................................................................. ON
3. Avionics Power Switch .............................................................. ON
Note that all autopilot annunciator illuminate. After about 5
seconds, all lights will go out. When the turn coordinator gyro has
reached operational RPM, the RDY annunciator will come on.
4. Autopilot Tests
a. Heading Mode .................................................................TEST
1.) Momentarily press HDG button on autopilot Mode
Selector. Note that HDG light illuminates.
2.) Select and rotate the HDG bug knob on the PFD to the left
then right. Note that control yokes follow movement of
knob.
b.
Activate a GPS flight plan or waypoint on the GPS navigator
(GPS 1).
c.
Press and release the GPSS/HDG switch. HDG will go out
and GPSS will flash. Note that the HDG bug will no longer
move the control yokes.
• Note •
The GPSS requires a ground speed component to function,
therefore the GPSS function cannot be ground tested.
d. Press and release the GPSS/HDG switch. GPSS will go out
and HDG will come on.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
e. Altitude Hold .................................................................... TEST
1.) Depress ALT button on autopilot programmer/computer.
Note that ALT annunciator comes on, VS annunciator
goes out, and yoke does not move.
f.
Overpower Test:
1.) Grasp control yoke and input left aileron, right aileron,
nose up, and nose down to overpower autopilot.
Overpower action should be smooth in each direction with
no noise or jerky feel.
g. Radio Check:
1.) Turn on NAV1 radio, with a valid NAV signal, and select
VLOC for display on the PFD.
2.) Use autopilot programmer/computer to engage NAV
mode and move Course Select knob so that VOR
deviation needle moves left or right. Note that control
yokes follow direction of needle movement.
h. Autopilot Disconnect Tests:
1.) Press Pilot A/P DISC/Trim Switch (control yoke). Note that
the autopilot disengages. Move control yoke to confirm
that pitch and roll control is free with no control restriction
or binding.
2.) Repeat step using Copilot A/P DISC/Trim Switch.
In-Flight Procedures
1. Autopilot RDY Light ...................................................... CHECK ON
2. Trim airplane for existing flight conditions.
3. Engage desired mode by pressing mode selector button on
autopilot programmer/computer.
Heading Mode
1. Begin by selecting a heading on PFD within 10° of the current
airplane heading.
2. Press HDG button on autopilot programmer/computer. The HDG
annunciator will illuminate and the airplane will turn to the selected
heading.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
3. Use the HDG bug to make heading changes as desired.
Autopilot Altitude Hold Mode
1. Manually fly the airplane to the desired altitude and level off.
• Note •
For smoothest transition to altitude hold, the airplane rate of
climb or descent should be less than 100 FPM when Altitude
Hold is selected.
2. Press HDG or NAV to engage a roll mode. The associated
annunciator will illuminate.
• Note •
A roll mode must be engaged prior to engaging a pitch mode.
3. Press the ALT button on the autopilot programmer/computer. The
ALT annunciator will illuminate indicating that the mode is
engaged and the autopilot will hold the present altitude.
• Note •
Manually flying the airplane off the selected altitude will not
disengage altitude hold and the autopilot will command a pitch
change to recapture the altitude when the control input is
released.
4. Altitude can be synchronized to another altitude by rotating the VS
knob on the programmer/computer. Clockwise rotation will
increase and counterclockwise rotation will decrease altitude 20
feet for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±360 feet.
Adjustments greater than 360 feet can be made by selecting VS
mode and flying the airplane to the new altitude and then reengaging ALT mode.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Autopilot Vertical Speed Mode
1. Begin by manually establishing the desired vertical speed.
2. Press HDG or NAV to engage a roll mode. The associated
annunciator will illuminate.
• Note •
A roll mode must be engaged prior to engaging a pitch mode.
3. Press the VS button on the autopilot programmer/computer to
engage the vertical speed mode. When the mode is engaged, the
autopilot will synchronize to and hold the vertical speed at the time
the mode was engaged.
• Note •
The vertical speed is displayed in 100-foot increments at the
far right of the programmer/computer window next to the VS
annunciation. A plus (+) value indicates climb and a negative
or minus (-) value indicates descent.
4. Vertical speed can be adjusted by rotating the VS knob on the
programmer/computer. Clockwise rotation increases and
counterclockwise rotation decreases rate of climb (or descent) 100
FPM for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±1600 FPM.
• Note •
A flashing VS mode annunciator indicates excessive error
between actual vertical speed and the selected vertical speed
(usually in climb). The pilot should adjust power or reduce the
commanded vertical speed as appropriate to remove the
error.
GPS Tracking and GPS Approach
1. Begin with a reliable GPS signal selected on the NAV receiver.
2. Select desired course on the PFD and establish a desired
intercept heading.
3. Press the NAV button on the autopilot programmer/computer
twice. The NAV and GPSS mode annunciators will illuminate.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
• Note •
If the course needle is at full-scale deviation, the autopilot will
establish the airplane on a heading for a 45° intercept with the
selected course. As the airplane approaches the course, the
autopilot will smoothly shallow the intercept angle. The pilot
may select an intercept angle less than the standard 45° by
setting the desired intercept heading with the HSI HDG bug,
pressing and holding HDG, and then pressing NAV once to
intercept course in NAV mode or twice to intercept course in
GPSS mode on the autopilot programmer/computer. When
the on-course intercept turn begins the HDG mode will
disengage and the annunciator will go out.
During the intercept sequence, the autopilot operates at
maximum gain and sensitivity (90% of standard rate turn).
When the selected course is intercepted, course deviation
needle centered, the course-tracking program is activated.
The system will remain at maximum sensitivity for
approximately 15 seconds while the wind correction angle is
established. The maximum turn rate is then reduced to 45%
standard rate. Approximately 60 seconds later, the maximum
turn rate is reduced to 25% standard rate.
4. For increased sensitivity during GPS approach or if desired for
enroute tracking, press the APR button on the autopilot
programmer/computer. The NAV, GPSS, and APR annunciators
will be illuminated. Use HDG to accomplish a procedure turn.
Engage GPSS again to complete the approach.
VOR Tracking and VOR-LOC Approach
1. Begin with a reliable VOR or VOR-LOC signal selected on the
NAV receiver.
2. Select desired course on the PFD and establish a desired
intercept heading.
3. Press the NAV button on the autopilot programmer/computer. The
NAV mode will illuminate. Course interception and tracking will be
as described under GPS Tracking and GPS Approach above.
4. For station passage, set HDG bug to within 5° of selected course.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
• Note •
If the HDG bug is within 5° of center and the course deviation
is less than 10%, the autopilot will immediately establish the
lowest level of sensitivity and limit the turn rate to a maximum
of 25% of a standard rate turn.
5. For increased sensitivity during approach or if desired for enroute
tracking, press the APR button on the autopilot programmer/
computer. Both NAV and APR annunciators will be illuminated.
Section 5 - Performance
There is no change to the airplane performance when the S-Tec
System 55SR autopilot is installed.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
There is no change to the airplane weight & balance when the S-Tec
System 55SR autopilot is installed.
Section 7 - Systems Description
Autopilot
The airplane is equipped with an S-Tec System 55SR two-axis
Automatic Flight Control System (Autopilot). The autopilot
programmer/computer is installed in the center console radio stack.
The autopilot roll axis uses an inclined gyro in the turn coordinator
case as the primary turn and roll rate sensor. In addition to the turn
coordinator instrument, the roll axis computer receives signals from
the PFD and the NAV/GPS radio. The roll computer computes roll
steering commands for turns, radio intercepts, and tracking. Roll axis
steering is accomplished by autopilot steering commands to the
aileron trim motor and spring cartridge.
The pitch computer receives altitude data from the altitude encoder
pressure transducer plumbed into the static system, the PFD, and #1
NAV radio. Pitch axis command for altitude hold is accomplished by
pitch computer commands to the autopilot elevator trim motor.
28 VDC for the autopilot is supplied through the 5-amp AUTOPILOT
circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
All Autopilot mode selection is performed by using the mode select
buttons and VS knob on the autopilot programmer/computer in the
center console. Annunciators in the programmer/computer display
window annunciate modes. Refer to Figure 1 for an illustration of the
programmer/computer.
RDY (Ready)– Illuminates when autopilot is ready for engagement.
When the airplane’s Battery Master switch is turned on and the rate
gyro RPM is correct, the RDY annunciator will come on indicating the
autopilot is ready for the functional check and operation. The autopilot
cannot be engaged unless the RDY light is illuminated.
NAV (Heading) Mode – When HDG is selected, the autopilot will
engage the HDG mode, fly the airplane to, and hold the heading set on
the PFD. Subsequent heading changes are made using the HDG bug
knob on the PFD. For smoothest transition to HDG mode, it is
recommended that the airplane be aligned to within 10° of the selected
heading before engaging HDG. The HDG mode is also used in
combination with the NAV mode to set up a pilot selected intercept
angle to a course.
GPSS (GPS Steering) – Pressing NAV twice will cause the autopilot
to go to GPSS for smoother tracking and transitions. When GPSS is
selected, the autopilot can be switched between heading and GPSS
modes of operation. In the heading mode, the converter receives a
heading error signal from the heading bug on the Horizontal Situation
Indicator. GPSS converts this information and sends this heading error
directly to the autopilot.
In the GPSS mode, the converter receives ground speed and bank
angle digital signals that are calculated and converted to a
commanded turn rate. The turn rate is then scaled and converted to a
DC heading error signal that is compatible with the autopilot. The end
result is an autopilot that can be directly coupled to the roll steering
commands produced by the GPS Navigator, eliminating the need for
the pilot to make any further adjustments to the PFD course arrow.
REV (Reverse Course) – When REV is selected, the autopilot will
automatically execute high sensitivity gain for an approach where
tracking the front course outbound or tracking the back course inbound
is required. The APR and REV annunciators will illuminate when REV
is selected.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
APR (Approach) – When APR is selected, the autopilot provides
increased sensitivity for VOR or GPS approaches. APR may also be
used to provide increased sensitivity for enroute course tracking.
ALT (Altitude Hold), Mode – When ALT is selected, the autopilot will
hold the altitude at the time the mode was selected. Altitude hold will
not engage if an autopilot roll mode is not engaged. Altitude correction
for enroute barometric pressure changes may be made by rotation of
the VS knob on the autopilot programmer/computer. Clockwise
rotation will increase and counterclockwise rotation will decrease
altitude 20 feet for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±360 feet.
Adjustments greater than 360 feet can be made by selecting VS mode
and flying the airplane to the new altitude and then re-engaging ALT
mode.
VS (Vertical Speed) Mode – When VS is selected, the autopilot will
synchronize to and hold the vertical speed at the time the mode was
selected. Altitude hold will not engage if an autopilot roll mode is not
engaged. The vertical speed is displayed in 100-foot increments at the
far right of the programmer/computer window next to the VS
annunciation. A plus (+) value indicates climb and a negative or minus
(-) value indicates descent. Vertical speed can be adjusted by rotating
the VS knob on the programmer/computer. Clockwise rotation
increases and counterclockwise rotation decreases rate of climb (or
descent) 100 FPM for each ‘click.’ The maximum adjustment is ±1600
FPM.
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SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
Honeywell KGP 560 Terrain/
Awareness Warning System
When the Honeywell KGP 560 Terrain Awareness and Warning
System is installed in the Cirrus Design SR20, this Supplement is
applicable and must be inserted in the Supplements Section (Section
9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook. This
document must be carried in the airplane at all times. Information in
this supplement adds to, supersedes, or deletes information in the
basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 01: 12-15-07
supersedes and replaces the original release of this supplement dated
Original: 07-03-04.
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
1 of 12
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
The airplane is equipped with an Honeywell KGP 560 Terrain
Awareness and Warning System that performs the functions of a
Class C Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) in
accordance with TSO C151b.
Incorporating much of the technology found in TAWS for air transport
aircraft, the KPG 560 supports:
• Alerting for premature descent.
• Alerting for excessive rate of climb/descent.
• Altitude callout (500 ft) and alerting within 5 nm of 2000 ft public
runways.
• Look-ahead
database.
algorithms
and
integrated
terrain/obstacle
The system consists of the 560 GA-EGPWS Processor mounted on
the underside of the pilot-side kickplate, a Terrain/Obstacle Database
integral to the processor, the Configuration Module integral to the
system’s wire harness, and the TAWS annunciator panel mounted on
the lower LH portion of the instrument panel.
The KGP 560 receives data from the GPS sensor, Transponder,
Primary Flight Display, and the Multifunction Display (MFD). Aural
alerts are communicated to the pilot via the GMA 340 Audio Panel. To
enhance the situational awareness to the pilot, color-coded terrain
display is interfaced on the MFD.
For specific MFD operational details refer to the Avidyne FlightMax
EX5000C Pilot’s Guide.
For specific KGP 560 operational details, refer to the KGP 560 & 860
EGPWS Pilot’s Guide, P/N 006-18254-001, Revision 04 or later.
2 of 12
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
1. Do not use the Terrain Awareness Display for navigation of the
aircraft. The KGP 560 Terrain Awareness and Warning System is
intended to serve as a situational awareness tool only and may not
provide the accuracy fidelity on which to solely base terrain or
obstacle avoidance maneuvering decisions.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
Off-Airport Landings
1. For ditching or other off-airport landings, inhibit the Terrain
Awareness System functions by selecting the TERR INHIBIT
switch on the annunciator panel to prevent unwanted aural
alerting.
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
• Note •
Only vertical maneuvers are recommended responses to
warnings and alerts unless operating in VMC or the pilot
determines, using all available information and instruments,
that a turn, in addition to the vertical escape maneuver, is the
safest course of action.
During certain operations, warning thresholds may be
exceeded due to specific terrain or operating procedures.
During day VFR flight, these warnings may be considered as a
cautionary.
If the TAWS issues an alert when the Terrain Awareness
Display Page is not selected, a pop up message will appear
on the active display page of the MFD. To clear the alert, the
pilot must acknowledge the pop up message by pressing the
Soft Key next to the displayed “OK”.
Pilots are authorized to deviate from their current air traffic
control (ATC) clearance to the extent necessary to comply
with a TAWS warning.
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
3 of 12
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Activate TAWS
• Note •
If the aircraft horizontal position derived from the Garmin
Navigator (GPS 1) is invalid, TAWS will be inoperative and the
TERR INOP annunciator will illuminate.
1. SKYWATCH/TAWS Circuit Breaker............................................. IN
2. MFD Circuit Breaker.................................................................... IN
3. Battery Master Switch ............................................................... ON
4. Avionics Power Switch .............................................................. ON
5. Verify TERR INOP Annunciator ...............................................OFF
6. At MFD prompt, any Key .....................................................PRESS
7. MFD Soft Keys .......................................................... SET to TAWS
Response To Ground Proximity Warnings
Aural “PULL UP” Warning
Red TERR WARN Annunciation
1. Level the wings, simultaneously adding full power.
2. Increase pitch attitude to 15 degrees nose up.
3. Adjust pitch attitude to ensure terrain clearance while respecting
stall warning. If flaps are extended, retract flaps to the UP position.
4. Continue climb at best angle of climb speed (Vx) until terrain
clearance is assured.
Aural “SINK RATE” Warning
Aural “DON’T SINK” Warning
Amber TERR CAUT Annunciation
1. Initiate appropriate corrective action to remove the cause of the
warning.
4 of 12
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Response To Awareness Alerts
Aural “TERRAIN AHEAD” Alert
Aural “OBSTACLE AHEAD” Alert
Amber TERR CAUT Annunciation
1. Take positive corrective action until the alert ceases. Stop
descending, or initiate a climb turn as necessary, based on
analysis of all available instruments and information.
Aural “TERRAIN AHEAD; PULL UP” Alert
Aural “OBSTACLE AHEAD; PULL UP” Alert
Red TERR WARN Annunciation
1. Level the wings, simultaneously adding full power.
2. Increase pitch attitude to 15 degrees nose up.
3. Adjust pitch attitude to ensure terrain clearance while respecting
stall warning. If flaps are extended, retract flaps to the UP position.
4. Continue climb at best angle of climb speed (Vx) until terrain
clearance is assured.
Deactivate TAWS
1. SKYWATCH/TAWS Circuit Breaker........................................ PULL
or
2. Avionics Power Switch ............................................................. OFF
Section 5 - Performance
No Change.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
Installation of the Honeywell KGP 560 Terrain Awareness and Warning
System adds the following optional (Sym = O) equipment at the weight
and arm shown in the following table.
ATA /
Item
Description
34-01
KGP 560 Processor
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Sym
Qty
O
1
Part Number
Unit
Wt
Arm
15963-001
1.25
117.0
5 of 12
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7 - Systems Description
The Honeywell KGP 560 Terrain Awareness and Warning System
compares GPS information from the Garmin Navigator (GPS 1) to the
integrated Terrain/Obstacle Database to produce a real-time model of
the surrounding terrain. This “virtual” picture is then sent to the MFD to
provide enhanced situational awareness to the pilot.
The system consists of the 560 GA-EGPWS Processor mounted on
the underside of the pilot-side kickplate, a Terrain/Obstacle Database
integral to the processor, the Configuration Module integral to the
system’s wire harness, and the TAWS annunciator panel mounted on
the lower LH portion of the instrument panel.
The 560 GA-EGPWS Processor is powered by 28 VDC through the 5amp SKYWATCH/TAWS circuit breaker on the Avionics Nonessential
Bus.
For a additional system information, refer to the KGP 560 & 860
EGPWS Pilot’s Guide, P/N 006-18254-001, Revision 04 or later.
System Constraints
• If there is no terrain data in the database for a particular area,
then TAWS alerting is not available for that area. The affected
area on the Terrain Awareness Display Page will be colored a
MAGENTA dot pattern.
• If the TAWS has been inhibited (e.g. the pilot selected TERR
INHIBIT) the system will not give aural alerts. The MFD will
display a purple message block with cyan text reading, “TAWS
Inhibited”.
• The TAWS will not be available and the TERR INOP
annunciator will illuminate if any of the following components
are inoperative: MFD, PFD, GPS 1, Transponder, or Attitude
Encoder.
6 of 12
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
GNS-430
GPS
TAWS
Annunciator Panel
GMA 340
Audio Panel
Avidyne PFD
KGP 560
Processor
Transponder
Avidyne MFD
TAWS
5
AVIONICS
NON-ESSENTIAL
BUS
Configuration
Module
SR20_FM09_2031
Figure - 1
Honeywell KGP 560 TAWS Simplified Schematic
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
7 of 12
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
TAWS Annunciator Panel
TAWS terrain annunciations and control functions are incorporated
into the Annunciator Panel. The panel consists of a momentary
pushbutton switch (SELF TEST), an illuminated pushbutton switch
(TERR INHIBIT), and three LEDS for Terrain Warning (TERR WARN),
Terrain Caution (TERR CAUT), Terrain Inoperative (TERR INOP).
• SELF TEST - Provides test function for the TAWS.
• TERR INHIBIT - To inhibit nuisance or unwanted warnings at
airports that are not in the system database, the pilot may
select the TERR INHIBIT switch. Although selection will inhibit
all TAWS visual and aural alerts, the Terrain Awareness Display
will remain functional with the message “Warnings Inhibited”
displayed on the MFD. When activated the switch will illuminate
amber.
• TERR INOP - Indicates the TAWS inoperative. When activated
the LED will illuminate amber.
• TERR CAUT - Indicates a possible terrain or obstacle conflict
within 40-60 seconds. When activated the LED will illuminate
amber.
• TERR WARN - Indicates a possible terrain or obstacle conflict
within 30 seconds. When activated the LED will illuminate red.
The annunciators are dimmed via the instrument panel lighting
dimmer switch. The TAWS annunciator panel is powered by 28 VDC
through the 2-amp ANNUN circuit breaker on the Essential Bus
Alert Priority
When any of the TAWS aural alerts are in progress, all aural TRAFFIC
alerts are inhibited.
Advisory Callout
The advisory callout “FIVE HUNDRED”, occurs at approximately 500
feet AGL.
8 of 12
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
TAWS
SELF
TEST
TERR
INHIBIT
TERR
INOP
TERR
CAUT
TERR
WARN
SR20_FM09_2033
Annunciator
Color
SELF TEST
N/A
Provides test function for TAWS
TERR INHIBIT
AMBER
All TAWS alerting functions inhibited
TERR INOP
AMBER
Indicates TAWS inoperative
TERR CAUT
AMBER
Possible terrain or obstacle conflict within 40-60 seconds
TERR WARN
RED
Possible terrain or obstacle conflict within 30 seconds
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Function
Figure - 2
TAWS Annunciator Panel
9 of 12
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
MFD Terrain Awareness Display
• WARNING •
Do not use the Terrain Awareness Display for navigation of the
aircraft. The TAWS is intended to serve as a situational
awareness tool only and may not provide the accuracy fidelity
on which to solely base terrain or obstacle avoidance
maneuvering decisions.
To select the Terrain Awareness Display Page on the MFD, rotate the
page knob to TAWS.
Terrain and obstacle alerts are the most critical situations displayed by
TAWS. There are two levels of alerts:
• Caution Alert - Possible terrain or obstacle conflict within 4060 seconds. When triggered, the terrain or obstacle that
caused the alert is displayed in bright yellow. In addition, a
message describing the nature of the alert is presented in the
MFD message bar.
• Warning Alert - Possible terrain or obstacle conflict within 30
seconds. When triggered, the terrain or obstacle that caused
the alert is displayed in bright red. In addition, a message
describing the nature of the alert is presented in the message
bar
When a caution or warning alert is active, the display image
surrounding the target is enlarged somewhat to allow the terrain or
obstacle to be better seen on the display.
If a terrain or obstacle alert occurs while a page other than Terrain
Awareness Display Page is being displayed, a terrain or obstacle alert
message is displayed in the Message Bar. When the pilot
acknowledges this message, the MFD will automatically switch to the
Terrain Awareness Display Page.
The message bar will be removed from the display when the TAWS is
no longer in alert status, or if the pilot acknowledges the message from
the Terrain Awareness Display Page.
10 of 12
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Geometric Altitude versus Measured Sea Level
An indication of MSL-G or Geometric Altitude may appear on the left
side of the MFD indicating the height above Measured Sea Level
(MSL) calculated from the GPS.
This data serves as the reference for color-coding for the Terrain
Awareness Display Page and as an input to the TAWS Look-Ahead
algorithm. Because it is derived from GPS, Geometric Altitude may
differ from corrected barometric altitude. Therefore, Geometric Altitude
may be in error by as much as 100 ft and should not be used for
navigation. MSL-G is presented solely to provide the pilot additional
situational awareness regarding the true MSL height upon which the
TAWS Terrain Display and Alerting is based.
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
11 of 12
Section 9
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Self Test
Proper operation of the TAWS can be verified when the aircraft is on
the ground as follows:
1. Select the TAWS page on the MFD
2. Clear all caution messages in the lower right corner
3. Ensure that the TERR INHIBIT switch is not engaged, and
momentarily push the SELF TEST switch:
a. The amber TERR INOP light should be illuminated.
b.
The amber TERR INOP light should extinguish.
c.
The red TERR WARN light should be illuminated.
d. An aural “EGPWS SYSTEM OK” is enunciated over cockpit
speaker.
e. The red TERR WARN light should extinguish.
f.
The amber TERR CAUT light should be illuminated.
g. The amber TERR CAUT light should extinguish.
h. A terrain self-test pattern should appear on the MFD.
i.
The terrain self-test should disappear after several sweeps of
the terrain display.
j.
A TAWS Sensor Self Test Caution message should appear in
the lower right comer of the MFD.
4. Acknowledge and clear this caution.
12 of 12
P/N 11934-S30
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
Avidyne EMax™ Engine
Instrumentation
When the Avidyne EMax™ Engine Instrumentation system is installed
in the Cirrus Design SR20, this POH Supplement is applicable and
must be inserted in the Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus
Design SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook. This document must be
carried in the airplane at all times. Information in this supplement adds
to, supersedes, or deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s
Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 01: 12-15-07
supersedes and replaces the original release of this supplement dated
Original: 10-12-05.
P/N 11934-S31
Revision 01: 12-15-07
1 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
EMax™ Engine Instrumentation provides the pilot with engine
parameters depicted on simulated gauges and electrical system
parameters located in a dedicated region within in the EX5000C MFD
display.
2 of 4
Figure - 1
Avidyne EMax™ Engine Instrumentation
P/N 11934-S31
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
No Change.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
No Change.
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
No Change.
Section 5 - Performance
No Change.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
Installation of the Avidyne Engine Instruments adds the following
optional (Sym = O) equipment at the weight and arm shown in the
following table.
ATA /
Item
Description
Sym
Qty
Part Number
Unit
Wt
Arm
34-03
Engine Sensors
O
11
-
1.0
75.0
34-04
Engine Sensor Unit
O
1
14843-001
1.1
118.0
34-05
Engine Sensor Harness
O
1
15030-001
0.9
92.0
34-06
Engine Sensor Cabin Harness
O
1
15032-001
2.1
108.0
Section 7 - System Description
An Engine Sensor Unit interfaces (SIU) with engine-mounted sensors,
some of which are shared with the standard airplane gauges, and
provide data to the MFD for display.
Airplanes equipped with EMax™ Engine Instrumentation display all
engine settings and parameters on a dedicated MFD engine monitor
page. The MFD also displays engine and fuel data in data blocks on
the full-screen moving map display. In the event of an exceedence,
each out-of-limit parameter is highlighted on the screen for immediate
attention. The engine monitor also includes data capture capability,
P/N 11934-S31
Revision 01: 12-15-07
3 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
providing full-time
parameters.
Cirrus Design
SR20
recording
of
critical
engine
performance
The Engine Instruments system is powered by 28 VDC supplied
through the 5-amp Engine Instruments breaker on the Main Bus 1.
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide for a more
complete description of EMax Engine Instruments, its operating
modes, and additional detailed operating procedures.
4 of 4
P/N 11934-S31
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
Avidyne CMax™ Electronic
Approach Charts
When the Avidyne CMax™ Electronic Approach Charts system is
installed in the Cirrus Design SR20, this POH Supplement is
applicable and must be inserted in the Supplements Section (Section
9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook. This
document must be carried in the airplane at all times. Information in
this supplement adds to, supersedes, or deletes information in the
basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 01: 12-15-07
supersedes and replaces the original release of this
supplement dated Original: 10-12-05.
P/N 11934-S32
Revision 01: 12-15-07
1 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
Avidyne CMax™ Electronic Approach Charts allows the pilot to view
terminal procedure chart data on the EX5000C MFD. If the chart is
geo-referenced, an ownship symbol and flight plan legs can be
overlaid on the chart to further enhance the pilot’s situational
awareness. Most approach charts and airport diagrams are georeferenced; most arrival, departure, and miscellaneous charts are not.
2 of 4
Figure - 1
Avidyne CMax™ Electronic Approach Charts
P/N 11934-S32
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
1. Do not use the CMax Approach Charts function for navigation of
the aircraft. The CMax Approach Charts function is intended to
serve as a situational awareness tool only.
2. The Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide, P/N 600-00108000, Revision 03 or later, must be available to the pilot during all
flight operations.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
Loss of CMax™ Electronic Approach Charts
• In the event CMax Approach Charts cannot be displayed on the
MFD, refer to back-up approach data such as paper copies or a
laptop containing the JeppView software and data.
• If no back-up data is available contact Air Traffic Control for
approach information.
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
• Note •
Back-up approach charts for CMax are not required. However,
back-up approach data for departure, destination, and
alternate field is recommended. Reference CMax Description
in this supplement.
Section 7 - System Description
The CMax installation is entirely software dependant. No additional
hardware is required.
• Note •
Back-up approach charts for CMax are not required. However,
back-up approach data for departure, destination, and
alternate field is recommended. Back-up approach data could
be printed copies of published approach charts, a laptop
containing the JeppView software and data, or notes providing
the approach vertical data (the Garmin 430 can display lateral
approach information).
P/N 11934-S32
Revision 01: 12-15-07
3 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide, for a more
complete description of CMax Approach Charts, its operating modes,
and additional detailed operating procedures.
4 of 4
P/N 11934-S32
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
XM Satellite Weather System
When the XM Satellite Weather System system is installed in the
Cirrus Design SR20, this POH Supplement is applicable and must be
inserted in the Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus Design
SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook. This document must be carried in
the airplane at all times. Information in this supplement adds to,
supersedes, or deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating
Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 01: 12-15-07
supersedes and replaces the original release of this
supplement dated Original: 10-12-05.
P/N 11934-S33
Revision 01: 12-15-07
1 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
The XM Satellite Weather System enhances situational awareness by
providing the pilot with real time, graphical weather information
depicted on the MAP page of the EX5000C MFD display.
2 of 4
Figure - 1
XM Satellite Weather Overlay
P/N 11934-S33
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
1. Do not use the XM Satellite Weather System for navigation of the
aircraft. The XM Satellite Weather System is intended to serve as
a situational awareness tool only.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
No Change.
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
No Change.
Section 5 - Performance
No Change.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
Installation of the XM Satellite Weather System adds the following
optional (Sym = O) equipment at the weight and arm shown in the
following table.
ATA /
Item
Description
Sym
Qty
34-07
XM Receiver
O
1
Part Number
Unit
Wt
Arm
16665-001
1.7
114.0
Section 7 - System Description
The XM Satellite Weather System enhances situational awareness by
providing the pilot with real time, graphical weather information. The
XM antenna, integrated with the COM1 antenna, receives weather
information from dual-redundancy satellites. This signal is sent to the
XM receiver, installed in the co-pilot side of the instrument console,
which interprets and overlays the weather data on the MAP page of
the EX5000C MFD.
Once activated, the XM Satellite Weather System will overlay the
following weather data on the EX5000C MFD:
• NEXRAD Radar
P/N 11934-S33
Revision 01: 12-15-07
3 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
• METARs
• SIGMETs
• AIRMETs
• TFRs
• Lightning Strikes
The XM Satellite Weather System is powered by 28 VDC supplied
through the 3-amp Weather/Stormscope breaker on the Non-Essential
Bus.
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax EX5000C Pilot’s Guide for a more
complete description of XM Satellite Weather System, its operating
modes, and additional detailed operating procedures.
4 of 4
P/N 11934-S33
Revision 01: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
Avidyne Flight Director
When the Avidyne Flight Director is installed in the Cirrus Design
SR20, this POH Supplement is applicable and must be inserted in the
Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot’s
Operating Handbook. This document must be carried in the airplane at
all times. Information in this supplement adds to, supersedes, or
deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Revision dated Revision 02: 12-15-07
supersedes and replaces the original release of this
supplement dated Revision 01: 08-15-07.
P/N 11934-S34
Revision 02: 12-15-07
1 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 1 - General
The Flight Director system enhances situational awareness by
reducing cockpit workload through providing a visual cue for the pilot
to follow as indicated by the PFD’s Flight Director Steering Command
Bar. Through turning or pitching the airplane as “directed” by the
Steering Command Bar, the pilot will follow the necessary course to
arrive at a programmed destination.
The Avidyne system software version for this installation is 530-00159XXX, where X can be any digit from 0 to 9.
2 of 4
Avidyne Primary Flight Display with Flight Director
Figure - 1
P/N 11934-S34
Revision 02: 12-15-07
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
1. The Flight Director System integrates with the Primary Flight
Display (PFD) System. Adherence to the PFD imitations in the
basic SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook is mandatory.
2. The Avidyne FlightMax Entegra-Series PFD Pilot’s Guide, P/N
600-00142-000, Revision 03, or latest revision, must be available
to the pilot during all flight operations.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
No Change.
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
No Change.
Section 5 - Performance
No Change.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
No Change.
Section 7 - System Description
Fully integrated with the S-Tec System 55X Autopilot, the Flight
Director system replaces the “flying W” aircraft reference symbol on
the PFD with the Flight Director Steering Command Bars and Wedge.
The system consists of two lighted push-buttons installed on the
upper, LH side of the instrument panel and associated relays and
wiring between the PFD and autopilot. The remaining portion of the
Flight Director system is entirely software dependant.
When a vertical mode of the autopilot is being used, a set of flight
director command bars will indicate the required steering of the aircraft
to achieve the commanded tracking from the autopilot. In autopilot
mode, “AP” will be in the autopilot annunciation field, the command
bars will be visible and magenta and the aircraft should track the bars.
In flight director only mode, “FD” will be displayed in the autopilot
annunciation field, the command bars will be visible and green, and
P/N 11934-S34
Revision 02: 12-15-07
3 of 4
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
the pilot is expected to actuate the flight controls as required to track
the bars.
The following describes push-button annunciation and related
Autopilot and Flight Director status:
No
Annunciation
• Autopilot off.
or
• Autopilot not active in either roll or pitch control.
Green
AP ON
Annunciation
• Autopilot active in roll and/or pitch control.
• If Autopilot active in roll and pitch control, “AP”
annunciation appears on top edge of PFD, and
Flight Director Steering Command Bars
MAGENTA.
Amber
AP OFF
FD ON
Annunciation
• Autopilot uncoupled.
• If Autopilot active in roll and pitch control, Flight
Director ON, “FD” annunciation appears on top
edge of PFD, and Flight Director Steering
Command Bars GREEN.
The Flight Director system is powered by 28 VDC through the 5-amp
AUTOPILOT circuit breaker on the Essential Bus.
Refer to Avidyne FlightMax Entegra-Series PFD Pilot’s Guide, for a
more complete description of the Flight Director, its operating modes,
and additional detailed operating procedures.
4 of 4
P/N 11934-S34
Revision 02: 12-15-07:
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
for
SR20 Airplanes Equipped with the
“G3 Wing”
When the G3 Wing is installed on the Cirrus Design SR20 Serials
1878, 1886 and subsequent, this POH Supplement is applicable and
must be inserted in the Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus
Design SR20 Pilot’s Operating Handbook. This document must be
carried in the airplane at all times. Information in this supplement adds
to, supersedes, or deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot’s
Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Change, dated Revision 01: 08-26-09,
supersedes and replaces the Original issue of this POH
Supplement dated 11-11-07.
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
1 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
2 of 56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 1 - General
The G3 Wing is constructed in a conventional spar, rib, and shear
section arrangement. The upper and lower skins are bonded to the
spar, ribs, and aft shear web forming a torsion box that carries all of
the wing bending and torsion loads. The rear shear webs are similar in
construction but do not carry through the fuselage. The main spar is
laminated epoxy/carbon fiber in a C-section, and is continuous from
wing tip to wing tip. The wing spar passes under the fuselage below
the two front seats and is attached to the fuselage in two locations. Lift
and landing loads are carried by the single carry-through spar, plus a
pair of rear shear webs (one on each wing) attached to the fuselage.
G3 Wingspan is increase by three feet and wing geometry is slightly
changed with an 1° increase in dihedral which allows for the
elimination of the aileron-rudder interconnect system. Because of the
wingspan and geometry changes, aircraft performance data has been
updated and included in Section 5 - Performance.
The main landing gear is moved slightly inboard and the strut angle
increased to achieve an increase in airplane height of 1.5 inches.
Other G3 Wing updates include:
• wing tip with integral, leading edge recognition lights.
• relocation of the fresh air inlets to the engine cowl and related
environmental system changes,
• improved trailing edge aerodynamics
• improved wing root fairings,
• relocation of the stall warning port,
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
26.0 ft
7.92 m
8.9 ft
2.71 m
9 inches (minimum)
23 cm (minimum)
NOTE:
• Wing span includes
position and strobe lights.
• Prop ground clearance at
3050 lb - 9 inches (23 cm).
• Wing Area = 144.9 sq. ft.
38.3 ft
11.67 m
74 inches 3-BLADE
188 cm
9.1 ft
2.8 m
SR20_FM01_2415
Figure - 1
Turning Radius
4 of 56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
GROUND TURNING CLEARANCE
RADIUS FOR WING TIP
24.3 ft. (7.41 m)
RADIUS FOR NOSE GEAR
7.0 ft.
(2.16 m)
RADIUS FOR INSIDE GEAR
0.5 ft.
(0.15 m)
RADIUS FOR OUTSIDE GEAR
9.1 ft.
(2.77 m)
TURNING RADII ARE CALCULATED USING ONE BRAKE AND
PARTIAL POWER. ACTUAL TURNING RADIUS MAY VARY AS
MUCH AS THREE FEET.
SR20_FM01_2413
Figure - 2
Airplane Three View
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
The Airplane
Fuel
Total Capacity .............................................58.5 U.S. Gallons (221.0 L)
Total Usable ................................................56.0 U.S. Gallons (212.0 L)
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11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 2 - Limitations
Airspeed Limitations
The indicated airspeeds in the following table are based upon Section
5 Airspeed Calibrations using the normal static source. When using
the alternate static source, allow for the airspeed calibration variations
between the normal and alternate static sources.
Speed
KIAS
KCAS
VNE
200
204
Never Exceed Speed is the speed limit
that may not be exceeded at any time.
VNO
163
166
Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is
the speed that should not be exceeded
except in smooth air, and then only with
caution.
VO
3050 Lb
130
131
VFE
50% Flaps
100% Flaps
119
104
120
104
VPD
133
135
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Remarks
Operating Maneuvering Speed is the
maximum speed at which full control
travel may be used. Below this speed the
airplane stalls before limit loads are
reached. Above this speed, full control
movements can damage the airplane.
Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the
highest speed permissible with wing
flaps extended.
Maximum Demonstrated Parachute
Deployment Speed is the maximum
speed at which parachute deployment
has been demonstrated.
7 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airspeed Indicator Markings
The airspeed indicator markings are based upon Section 5 Airspeed
Calibrations using the normal static source. When using the alternate
static source, allow for the airspeed calibration variations between the
normal and alternate static sources.
Marking
Value
(KIAS)
Remarks
White
Arc
61 - 104
Full Flap Operating Range. Lower limit is the most
adverse stall speed in the landing configuration.
Upper limit is the maximum speed permissible with
flaps extended.
Green
Arc
69 - 163
Normal Operating Range. Lower limit is the
maximum weight stall at most forward C.G. with
flaps retracted. Upper limit is the maximum structural
cruising speed.
Yellow
Arc
163 - 200
Caution Range. Operations must be conducted with
caution and only in smooth air.
Red Line
200
Never exceed speed. Maximum speed for all
operations.
Weight Limits
Maximum Takeoff Weight ......................................... 3050 lb (1383 Kg)
Maximum Landing Weight ........................................ 3050 lb (1383 Kg)
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11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Center of Gravity Limits
Reference Datum ....................................100 inches forward of firewall
Forward ...................................................................... Refer to Figure 3
Aft ............................................................................... Refer to Figure 3
3100
3050
3000
FS 140.7
3050 lb
FS 148.1
3050 lb
Weight - Pounds
2950
2900
2850
2800
FS 139.1
2700 lb
2750
2700
2650
2600
2550
2500
2450
2400
2350
2300
2250
2200
2150
FS 148.1
2100 lb
FS 137.8
2100 lb
2100
2050
2000
136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150
C.G. - Inches Aft of Datum
Figure - 3
C.G. Envelope
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Flight Load Factor Limits
Flaps UP (0%), 3050 lb.......................................................+3.8g, -1.9g
Flaps 50%, 3050 lb. ...............................................................+1.9g, -0g
Flaps 100% (Down), 3050 lb. ................................................+1.9g, -0g
Fuel Limits
The maximum allowable fuel imbalance is 7.5 U.S. gallons (¼ tank).
Approved Fuel ............... Aviation Grade 100 LL (Blue) or 100 (Green)
Total Fuel Capacity ..................................... 58.5 U.S. gallons (229.0 L)
Total Fuel Each Tank .................................. 29.3 U.S. gallons (114.5 L)
Total Usable Fuel (all flight conditions) ....... 56.0 U.S. gallons (212.0 L)
Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS)
VPD Maximum Demonstrated Deployment Speed..................133 KIAS
• Note •
Refer to Section 10 – Safety Information, for additional CAPS
guidance.
10 of 56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Placards
CAPS Deployment Handle Cover, above pilot's right shoulder:
!
WARNING
USE FOR EXTREME EMERGENCIES ONLY
SEAT BELT AND SHOULDER HARNESS
MUST BE WORN AT ALL TIMES
USE OF THIS DEVICE COULD RESULT
IN INJURY OR DEATH
MAXIMUM DEMONSTRATED DEPLOYMENT SPEED
133 KIAS
CIRRUS AIRFRAME PARACHUTE SYSTEM
ACTIVATION PROCEDURE
1. FUEL MIXTURE.......................................CUT-OFF
2. THIS COVER............................................REMOVE
3. ACTIVATION HANDLE.........PULL STRAIGHT DOWN
BOTH HANDS, MAXIMUM FORCE, STEADY PULL
DO NOT JERK HANDLE
4. FUEL SELECTOR HANDLE........OFF
5. MASTER SWITCH........................OFF
6. RESTRAINT SYSTEM............SECURE
Engine control panel, flap control:
Instrument Panel, left :
MANEUVERING
SPEED: Vo 130 KIAS
NORMAL CATEGORY AIRPLANE
NO ACROBATIC MANEUVERS,
INCLUDING SPINS, APPROVED
SR20_FM09_2769A
11934-S37
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Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
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11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
Airspeeds for Emergency Operations
Maneuvering Speed:
3050 lb ............................................................................. 130 KIAS
2600 lb ............................................................................. 120 KIAS
2200 lb ............................................................................. 110 KIAS
Best Glide:
3050 lb ............................................................................... 99 KIAS
2500 lb ............................................................................... 95 KIAS
Emergency Landing (Engine-out):
Flaps Up ............................................................................ 87 KIAS
Flaps 50% .......................................................................... 82 KIAS
Flaps 100% ........................................................................ 76 KIAS
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Maximum Glide
Conditions
Example:
Power
Propeller
Flaps
Wind
OFF
Windmilling
0% (UP)
Zero
Altitude
Airspeed
8,000 ft. AGL
Best Glide
Glide Distance
12.0 NM
Best Glide Speed
3050 lb
99 KIAS
2500 lb
95 KIAS
Maximum Glide Ratio ~ 9 : 1
HEIGHT ABOVE GROUND - FEET
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
0
2
4
10
12
14
16
6
8
GROUND DISTANCE - NAUTICAL MILES
18
20
SR20_FM09_2765
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11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Emergency Descent
1. Power Lever ............................................................................ IDLE
2. Mixture ................................................................... AS REQUIRED
• Caution •
If significant turbulence is expected do not descend at
indicated airspeeds greater than VNO (163 KIAS)
3. Airspeed................................................................. VNE (200 KIAS)
Smoke and Fume Elimination
If smoke and/or fumes are detected in the cabin, check the engine
parameters for any sign of malfunction. If a fuel leak has occurred,
actuation of electrical components may cause a fire. If there is a strong
smell of fuel in the cockpit, divert to the nearest suitable landing field.
Perform a Forced Landing pattern and shut down the fuel supply to the
engine once a safe landing is assured.
1. Temperature Selector............................................................ COLD
2. Vent Selector......................... FEET/PANEL/DEFROST POSITION
3. Airflow Selector ..... SET FAN SPEED TO FULL ON (3) POSITION
If source of smoke and fume is firewall forward:
a. Airflow Selector ................................................................. OFF
4. Panel Eyeball Outlets............................................................ OPEN
5. Prepare to land as soon as possible.
If airflow is not sufficient to clear smoke or fumes from cabin:
6. Cabin Doors .......................................................PARTIALLY OPEN
Airspeed may need to be reduced to partially open door in flight.
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Engine Fire In Flight
If an engine fire occurs during flight, do not attempt to restart the
engine.
1. Mixture ............................................................................. CUTOFF
2. Fuel Pump................................................................................OFF
3. Fuel Selector ............................................................................OFF
4. Airflow Selector ........................................................................OFF
5. Power Lever ........................................................................... IDLE
6. Ignition Switch ..........................................................................OFF
7. Cabin Doors ...................................................... PARTIALLY OPEN
Airspeed may need to be reduced to partially open door in flight.
8. Land as soon as possible.
Cabin Fire In Flight
If the cause of the fire is readily apparent and accessible, use the fire
extinguisher to extinguish flames and land as soon as possible.
Opening the vents or doors may feed the fire, but to avoid
incapacitating the crew from smoke inhalation, it may be necessary to
rid cabin of smoke or fire extinguishant. If the cause of fire is not
readily apparent, is electrical, or is not readily accessible, proceed as
follows:
• WARNING •
If the airplane is in IMC conditions, turn ALT 1, ALT 2, and BAT
1 switches OFF. Power from battery 2 will keep the Primary
Flight Display operational for approximately 30 minutes.
1. Bat-Alt Master Switches ........................................ OFF, AS REQ’D
• Note •
With Bat-Alt Master Switches OFF, engine will continue to run.
However, no electrical power will be available.
2. Fire Extinguisher ............................................................ ACTIVATE
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11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
• WARNING •
Halon gas used in the fire extinguisher can be toxic, especially
in a closed area. After extinguishing fire, ventilate cabin by and
unlatching door (if required).
If airflow is not sufficient to clear smoke or fumes from cabin:
3. Cabin Doors .......................................................PARTIALLY OPEN
Airspeed may need to be reduced to partially open door in flight.
4. Avionics Power Switch ............................................................. OFF
5. All other switches ..................................................................... OFF
6. Land as soon as possible.
If setting master switches off eliminated source of fire or fumes and
airplane is in night, weather, or IFR conditions:
• WARNING •
If airplane is in day VFR conditions and turning off the master
switches eliminated the fire situation, leave the master
switches OFF. Do not attempt to isolate the source of the fire
by checking each individual electrical component.
7. Airflow Selector ........................................................................ OFF
8. Bat-Alt Master Switches.............................................................ON
9. Avionics Power Switch ...............................................................ON
10. Activate required systems one at a time. Pause several seconds
between activating each system to isolate malfunctioning system.
Continue flight to earliest possible landing with malfunctioning
system off. Activate only the minimum amount of equipment
necessary to complete a safe landing.
11. Temperature Selector............................................................ COLD
12. Vent Selector......................... FEET/PANEL/DEFROST POSITION
13. Airflow Selector ..... SET FAN SPEED TO FULL ON (3) POSITION
14. Panel Eyeball Outlets............................................................ OPEN
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
18 of 56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
Airspeeds for Normal Operation
Unless otherwise noted, the following speeds are based on a
maximum weight of 3050 lb. and may be used for any lesser weight.
However, to achieve the performance specified in Section 5 for takeoff
and landing distance, the speed appropriate to the particular weight
must be used.
Takeoff Rotation:
• Normal, Flaps 50%........................................................ 66 KIAS
• Short Field, Flaps 50%.................................................. 65 KIAS
• Obstacle Clearance, Flaps 50% .................................... 77 KIAS
Enroute Climb, Flaps Up:
• Normal, SL .................................................................... 96 KIAS
• Normal, 10,000’ ............................................................. 92 KIAS
• Best Rate of Climb, SL .................................................. 96 KIAS
• Best Rate of Climb, 10,000............................................ 92 KIAS
• Best Angle of Climb, SL................................................. 83 KIAS
• Best Angle of Climb, 10,000 .......................................... 87 KIAS
Landing Approach:
• Normal Approach, Flaps Up .......................................... 88 KIAS
• Normal Approach, Flaps 50% ....................................... 83 KIAS
• Normal Approach, Flaps 100% ..................................... 78 KIAS
• Short Field, Flaps 100%................................................ 78 KIAS
Go-Around, Flaps 50%:
• Full Power...................................................................... 78 KIAS
Maximum Recommended Turbulent Air Penetration:
• 3050 Lb ....................................................................... 131 KIAS
• 2600 Lb ....................................................................... 122 KIAS
• 2200 Lb ....................................................................... 111 KIAS
Maximum Demonstrated Crosswind Velocity:
• Takeoff or Landing ........................................................ 20 Knots
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Intentionally Left Blank
20 of 56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 5 - Performance
Airspeed Calibration
Normal Static Source
Conditions:
• Power for level flight or maximum continuous, whichever is less.
• Note •
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
KCAS
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
KIAS
Flaps
0%
Flaps
50%
Flaps
100%
60
57
56
57
70
68
68
70
80
79
80
80
90
89
91
89
100
100
101
99
110
111
111
120
121
121
130
132
140
142
150
152
160
163
170
173
180
183
190
193
200
204
21 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airspeed Calibration
Alternate Static Source
Conditions:
• Power for level flight or maximum continuous, whichever is less.
• Heater, Defroster & Vents................................................................................... ON
• Note •
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
KCAS
22 of 56
KIAS
Flaps
0%
Flaps
50%
Flaps
100%
60
61
58
54
70
68
66
63
80
77
74
72
90
85
83
82
100
94
92
92
110
103
102
101
120
112
112
130
121
122
140
131
150
141
160
150
170
160
180
170
190
179
200
189
210
198
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Altitude Correction
Normal Static Source
Conditions:
• Power for level flight or maximum continuous, whichever is less.
• 3050 LB
• Note •
• Add correction to desired altitude to obtain indicated altitude to fly.
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
• KIAS = Knots Indicated Airspeed.
Flaps
CORRECTION TO BE ADDED - FEET
Press
Alt
Normal Static Source - KIAS
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
180
200
S.L
12
9
5
0
-11
-23
-36
-49
-59
5000
13
10
5
0
-13
-27
-42
-56
-69
10000
16
12
6
0
-15
-32
-49
-66
-80
15000
18
14
7
0
-17
-37
-58
-77
-94
S.L
9
2
-4
-10
-16
5000
11
3
-5
-12
-18
10000
12
3
-6
-14
-22
0%
50%
100%
S.L
10
1
-1
2
6
5000
10
-1
1
6
6
10000
37
45
48
50
56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
23 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Altitude Correction
Alternate Static Source
Conditions:
• Power for level flight or maximum continuous, whichever is less.
• Heater, Defroster, & Vents .................................................................................. ON
• Note •
• Add correction to desired altitude to obtain indicated altitude to fly.
• Indicated airspeed values assume zero instrument error.
• KIAS = Knots Indicated Airspeed.
Flaps
CORRECTION TO BE ADDED - FEET
Press
Alt
Normal Static Source - KIAS
60
70
80
90
100
120
140
160
180
200
S.L
12
28
43
57
82
104
126
148
172
5000
16
35
54
71
104
136
168
203
242
10000
20
43
66
87
128
169
211
258
311
15000
23
51
78
103
152
200
251
308
373
S.L
43
65
87
108
148
5000
21
32
39
42
26
10000
36
54
70
82
88
0%
50%
100%
24 of 56
S.L
42
56
67
80
95
5000
37
45
48
50
56
10000
61
81
99
119
148
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Stall Speeds
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Weight ........................................................................................................ 3050 LB
C.G................................................................................................................. Noted
Power ................................................................................................................. Idle
Bank Angle..................................................................................................... Noted
• Note •
• Altitude loss during wings level stall may be 250 feet or more.
• KIAS values may not be accurate at stall.
Weight
LB
Bank
Angle
STALL SPEEDS
Flaps 0%
Full Up
Flaps 50%
Flaps 100%Full
Down
Deg
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
0
69
67
66
63
61
59
15
70
68
67
65
62
60
30
74
72
70
68
64
63
45
81
80
76
75
70
70
60
95
95
89
90
83
83
0
69
67
63
60
59
56
3050
15
75
68
64
61
60
57
Most
AFT
C.G.
30
77
72
66
64
62
60
45
83
79
72
71
68
67
60
99
94
85
85
79
79
3050
Most
FWD
C.G.
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
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Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Wind Components
Conditions:
Example:
• Runway Heading .......................... 10°
• Wind Direction .............................. 60°
• Wind Velocity ....................... 15 Knots
Wind/Flight Path Angle .................50°
Crosswind Component......... 12 Knots
Headwind Component ......... 10 Knots
• Note •
• The maximum demonstrated crosswind is 20 knots. Value not considered limiting.
40
0°
50
10°
W
20°
40
40°
RE
CT
IO
N
AN
D
S
OT
KN
FL
D
~
IG
HT
PA
T
H
30°
TY
CI
LO
VE
30
IN
30
50°
IN
D
DI
20
20
70°
AN
G
LE
WIND COMPONENTS ~ KNOTS
Tailwind
Headwind
BE
T
W
EE
N
W
60°
10
10
80°
0
90°
100°
-10
110°
170°
180°
-20
26 of 56
150°
160°
140°
130°
120°
10
20
30
CROSSWIND COMPONENT ~ KNOTS
40
SR20_FM05_1014
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Takeoff Distance
Conditions:
• Winds ............................................................................................................... Zero
• Runway ........................................................................................ Dry, Level, Paved
• Flaps. ................................................................................................................50%
• Power ....................................................................................................... Maximum
set before brake release
Factors:
The following factors are to be applied to the computed takeoff
distance for the noted condition:
• Headwind - Subtract 10% from computed distance for each 12
knots headwind.
• Tailwind - Add 10% for each 2 knots tailwind up to 10 knots.
• Grass Runway, Dry - Add 20% to ground roll distance.
• Grass Runway, Wet - Add 30% to ground roll distance.
• Sloped Runway - Increase table distances by 22% of the
ground roll distance at Sea Level, 30% of the ground roll
distance at 5000 ft, 43% of the ground roll distance at 10,000 ft
for each 1% of upslope. Decrease table distances by 7% of the
ground roll distance at Sea Level, 10% of the ground roll
distance at 5000 ft, and 14% of the ground roll distance at
10,000 ft for each 1% of downslope.
• Caution •
The above corrections for runway slope are required to be
included herein. These corrections should be used with
caution since published runway slope data is usually the net
slope from one end of the runway to the other. Many runways
will have portions of their length at greater or lesser slopes
than the published slope, lengthening (or shortening) takeoff
ground roll estimated from the table.
• If brakes are not held while applying power, distances apply
from point where full throttle and mixture setting is complete.
• For operation in outside air temperatures colder than this table
provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in outside air temperatures warmer than this table
provides, use extreme caution.
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
27 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Takeoff Distance
WEIGHT = 3050 LB
Speed at Liftoff = 71 KIAS
Speed over 50 Ft. Obstacle = 77 KIAS
Flaps - 50% · Takeoff Pwr · Dry Paved
PRESS
ALT
FT
DISTANCE
Headwind: Subtract 10% for each 12
knots headwind.
Tailwind: Add 10% for each 2 knots
tailwind up to 10 knots.
Runway Slope: Ref. Factors.
Dry Grass: Add 20% to Ground Roll.
Wet Grass: Add 30% to Ground Roll.
TEMPERATURE ~ °C
0
10
20
30
40
ISA
Grnd Roll
1319
1424
1534
1648
1767
1478
50 ft
1996
2145
2300
2460
2626
2221
1000
Grnd Roll
1448
1563
1684
1809
1940
1599
50 ft
2183
2346
2515
2691
2872
2396
2000
Grnd Roll
1590
1717
1850
1988
2131
1730
50 ft
2389
2568
2753
2945
3144
2586
Grnd Roll
1748
1888
2034
2185
2343
1874
50 ft
2616
2812
3015
3226
3444
2792
Grnd Roll
1923
2077
2237
2404
2577
2030
50 ft
2868
3082
3305
3536
3145
3017
5000
Grnd Roll
2117
2287
2463
2647
2837
2201
50 ft
3145
3381
3625
3879
3452
3262
6000
Grnd Roll
2333
2519
2714
2916
3126
2388
50 ft
3452
3711
3980
4258
3792
3529
Grnd Roll
2572
2777
2992
2592
50 ft
3792
4076
4371
3820
Grnd Roll
2837
3064
3300
2815
50 ft
4167
4480
4805
4137
9000
Grnd Roll
3132
3383
3644
3059
50 ft
4584
4928
5285
4483
10000
Grnd Roll
3460
3737
3326
50 ft
5045
5424
4860
SL
3000
4000
7000
8000
28 of 56
FT
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Takeoff Distance
WEIGHT = 2500 LB
Speed at Liftoff = 68 KIAS
Speed over 50 Ft Obstacle = 75 KIAS
Flaps - 50% · Takeoff Pwr · Dry Paved
PRESS
ALT
FT
DISTANCE
Headwind: Subtract 10% for each 12
knots headwind.
Tailwind: Add 10% for each 2 knots
tailwind up to 10 knots.
Runway Slope: Ref. Factors.
Dry Grass: Add 20% to Ground Roll.
Wet Grass: Add 30% to Ground Roll.
TEMPERATURE ~ °C
0
10
20
30
40
ISA
Grnd Roll
787
850
915
983
1054
882
50 ft
1215
1306
1400
1497
1598
1353
1000
Grnd Roll
864
933
1005
1079
1157
954
50 ft
1329
1428
1531
1637
1748
1459
2000
Grnd Roll
949
1025
1104
1186
1271
1032
50 ft
1454
1563
1676
1792
1913
1574
Grnd Roll
1043
1126
1213
1304
1398
1118
50 ft
1593
1712
1835
1963
2095
1700
Grnd Roll
1147
1239
1335
1434
1537
1211
50 ft
1745
1876
2011
2151
1914
1836
5000
Grnd Roll
1263
1364
1469
1579
1693
1313
50 ft
1914
2057
2206
2359
2101
1985
6000
Grnd Roll
1392
1503
1619
1739
1865
1424
50 ft
2101
2258
2421
2589
2307
2147
Grnd Roll
1534
1657
1785
1546
50 ft
2307
2479
2658
2324
Grnd Roll
1692
1828
1969
1679
50 ft
2535
2725
2922
2516
9000
Grnd Roll
1868
2018
2174
1825
50 ft
2788
2997
3213
2727
10000
Grnd Roll
2064
2229
1984
50 ft
3068
3298
2956
SL
3000
4000
7000
8000
FT
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
29 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Takeoff Climb Gradient
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power.................................................................................................... Full Throttle
Mixture....................................................................................................... Full Rich
Flaps................................................................................................................. 50%
Airspeed .................................................................................... Best Rate of Climb
• Note •
• Climb Gradients shown are the gain in altitude for the horizontal distance traversed
expressed as Feet per Nautical Mile.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
Weight
LB
CLIMB GRADIENT ~ Feet per Nautical Mile
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
89
678
621
568
518
581
2000
88
587
532
481
433
504
4000
87
500
447
398
351
430
6000
86
416
365
318
274
358
8000
85
336
287
241
199
289
10000
84
259
212
SL
88
957
880
808
741
826
2000
87
841
767
698
634
729
4000
86
730
659
593
531
636
6000
85
624
555
492
545
8000
84
522
456
396
459
10000
83
425
362
Temperature ~ °C
3050
224
2500
30 of 56
377
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Takeoff Rate of Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power ....................................................................................................Full Throttle
Mixture .......................................................................................................Full Rich
Flaps .................................................................................................................50%
Airspeed .....................................................................................Best Rate of Climb
• Note •
• Rate-of-Climb values shown are change in altitude for unit time expended
expressed in Feet per Minute.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
Weight
LB
RATE OF CLIMB ~ Feet per Minute
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
89
905
862
817
771
828
2000
88
807
761
712
663
734
4000
87
707
657
606
554
639
6000
86
607
553
499
444
545
8000
85
504
447
390
333
450
10000
84
401
341
SL
88
1256
1201
1144
1086
1158
2000
87
1136
1077
1017
955
1044
4000
86
1014
952
888
824
929
6000
85
892
825
758
815
8000
84
768
698
627
701
10000
83
643
569
Temperature ~ °C
3050
356
2500
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
587
31 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Enroute Climb Gradient
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power.................................................................................................... Full Throttle
Mixture....................................................................................................... Full Rich
Flaps...........................................................................................................0% (UP)
Airspeed .................................................................................... Best Rate of Climb
• Note •
• Climb Gradients shown are the gain in altitude for the horizontal distance traversed
expressed as Feet per Nautical Mile.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
Weight
LB
3050
2500
32 of 56
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
CLIMB GRADIENT - Feet per Nautical Mile
Temperature ~ °C
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
96
650
589
533
481
549
2000
96
560
502
448
398
474
4000
95
474
418
367
319
402
6000
94
392
338
289
244
332
8000
93
313
216
214
171
265
10000
92
237
188
200
12000
91
164
118
139
14000
90
95
51
SL
93
846
777
712
652
728
2000
93
741
674
612
554
640
4000
92
640
576
516
461
555
6000
91
543
482
425
473
8000
91
451
392
337
395
10000
90
363
306
320
12000
89
279
224
248
14000
88
198
147
180
80
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Enroute Rate of Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power ....................................................................................................Full Throttle
Mixture .......................................................................................................Full Rich
Flaps .......................................................................................................... 0% (UP)
Airspeed .....................................................................................Best Rate of Climb
• Note •
• Rate-of-Climb values shown are change in altitude in feet per unit time expressed in
Feet per Minute.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
Weight
LB
3050
2500
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
RATE OF CLIMB ~ Feet per Minute
Temperature ~ °C
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
96
1007
949
890
830
905
2000
96
868
808
748
688
775
4000
95
756
693
630
567
671
6000
94
642
576
510
445
566
8000
93
527
458
389
321
462
10000
92
411
339
357
12000
91
294
218
252
14000
90
175
97
SL
93
1231
1175
2000
93
1109
1050
4000
92
987
923
6000
91
863
796
727
785
8000
91
738
667
595
670
10000
90
612
537
555
12000
88
484
405
440
14000
88
355
273
325
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
148
1058
1132
988
926
1016
858
793
900
1117
33 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Time, Fuel and Distance to Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power.................................................................................................... Full Throttle
Mixture....................................................................................................... Full Rich
Fuel Density...........................................................................................6.0 LB/GAL
Weight ........................................................................................................ 3050 LB
Winds................................................................................................................ Zero
Climb Airspeed ...............................................................................................Noted
Factors:
• Taxi Fuel - Add 1 gallon for start, taxi, and takeoff.
• Temperature - Add 10% to computed values for each 10º C above standard.
• Cruise climbs or short duration climbs are permissible at best power as long as
altitudes and temperatures remain within those specified in the table.
Press
Alt
OAT
(ISA)
Climb
Speed
Rate Of
Climb
FT
°C
KIAS
FPM
TIME, FUEL, DISTANCE ~ From Sea Level
Time
Minutes
Fuel
U.S. Gal
Distance
NM
SL
15
96
880
0.0
0.0
0
1000
13
96
828
1.3
0.3
2
2000
11
96
775
2.4
0.6
4
3000
9
95
723
3.8
1.0
6
4000
7
95
671
5.2
1.3
8
5000
5
95
618
6.7
1.7
11
6000
3
94
566
8.4
2.0
14
7000
1
94
514
10.3
2.4
17
8000
-1
93
462
12.3
2.9
21
9000
-3
93
409
14.6
3.3
25
10000
-5
92
357
17.2
3.8
29
11000
-7
92
305
20.3
4.4
35
12000
-9
91
252
23.8
5.0
41
13000
-11
91
200
28.3
5.8
49
14000
-13
90
148
34.0
6.8
60
34 of 56
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Balked Landing Climb Gradient
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power ....................................................................................................Full Throttle
Mixture .......................................................................................................Full Rich
Flaps ...................................................................................................... 100% (DN)
Airspeed .....................................................................................Best Rate of Climb
• Note •
• Balked Landing Climb Gradients shown are the gain in altitude for the horizontal
distance traversed expressed as Feet per Nautical Mile.
• Dashed cells in the table represent performance below the minimum balked landing
climb requirements.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• This chart is required data for certification. However, significantly better
performance can be achieved by climbing at Best Rate of Climb speeds shown with
flaps down or following the Go-Around / Balked Landing procedure in Section 4.
Weight
LB
CLIMB GRADIENT ~ Feet per Nautical Mile
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
84
654
588
527
470
542
2000
81
569
504
444
388
470
4000
78
484
420
361
306
399
6000
75
399
335
277
326
8000
72
313
250
193
253
10000
69
225
164
SL
84
878
796
720
650
739
2000
81
779
698
624
556
657
4000
78
680
601
528
461
575
6000
75
582
504
433
493
8000
72
485
408
338
412
10000
69
387
311
Temperature ~ °C
3050
179
2500
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
329
35 of 56
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Balked Landing Rate of Climb
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
Power.................................................................................................... Full Throttle
Mixture....................................................................................................... Full Rich
Flaps...................................................................................................... 100% (DN)
Climb Airspeed ...............................................................................................Noted
• Note •
• Balked Landing Rate of Climb values shown are the full flaps change in altitude for
unit time expended expressed in Feet per Minute.
• Dashed cells in the table represent performance below the minimum balked landing
climb requirements.
• For operation in air colder than this table provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in air warmer than this table provides, use extreme caution.
• This chart is required data for certification. However, significantly better
performance can be achieved by climbing at Best Rate of Climb speeds shown with
flaps down or following the Go-Around / Balked Landing procedure in Section 4.
Weight
LB
RATE OF CLIMB ~ Feet per Minute
Press
Alt
Climb
Speed
FT
KIAS
-20
0
20
40
ISA
SL
84
854
798
741
684
756
2000
81
744
685
625
565
652
4000
78
633
571
508
446
549
6000
75
521
455
390
445
8000
72
407
339
271
342
10000
69
293
221
SL
84
1140
1076
1010
944
1027
2000
81
1014
946
877
808
908
4000
78
886
815
743
671
790
6000
75
759
683
608
672
8000
72
630
552
474
556
10000
69
502
420
Temperature ~ °C
3050
239
2500
36 of 56
440
11934-S37
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Landing Distance
Conditions:
•
•
•
•
•
Technique .................................................................................................. Normal
Winds.............................................................................................................. Zero
Runway ......................................................................................................... Paved
Flaps. .............................................................................................................100%
Power....................................................................................... 3° Power Approach
to 50 FT obstacle, then reduce power passing the estimated 50 foot point and
smoothly continue power reduction to reach idle just prior to touchdown.
Factors:
The following factors are to be applied to the computed landing
distance for the noted condition:
• Headwind - Subtract 10% from table distances for each 13
knots headwind
• Tailwind - Add 10% to table distances for each 2 knots tailwind
up to 10 knots.
• Grass Runway, Dry - Add 20% to ground roll distance.
• Grass Runway, Wet - Add 60% to ground roll distance.
• Sloped Runway - Increase table distances by 27% of the
ground roll distance for each 1% of downslope. Decrease table
distances by 9% of the ground roll distance for each 1% of
upslope.
• Caution •
The above corrections for runway slope are required to be
included herein. These corrections should be used with
caution since published runway slope data is usually the net
slope from one end of the runway to the other. Many runways
will have portions of their length at greater or lesser slopes
than the published slope, lengthening (or shortening) landing
ground roll estimated from the table.
• For operation in outside air temperatures colder than this table
provides, use coldest data shown.
• For operation in outside air temperatures warmer than this table
provides, use extreme caution.
11934-S37
37 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Landing Distance
WEIGHT = 3050 LB
Headwind: Subtract 10% per each
Speed over 50 Ft Obstacle = 77 KIAS
13 knots headwind.
Flaps - 100% · Idle · Dry, Level Paved Surface Tailwind: Add 10% for each 2 knots
tailwind up to 10 knots.
Runway Slope: Ref. Factors.
Dry Grass: Add 20% to Ground Roll
Wet Grass: Add 60% to Ground Roll
PRESS
ALT
FT
SL
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
DISTANCE
TEMPERATURE ~ °C
0
10
20
30
40
ISA
Grnd Roll
809
838
868
897
927
853
Total
2557
2609
2663
2717
2773
2636
FT
Grnd Roll
838
869
900
931
961
878
Total
2610
2665
2722
2779
2838
2682
Grnd Roll
870
901
933
965
997
905
Total
2666
2725
2785
2846
2907
2731
Grnd Roll
902
935
968
1001
1034
932
Total
2726
2788
2852
2916
2981
2782
Grnd Roll
936
971
1005
1039
1073
960
Total
2790
2856
2923
2991
3060
2837
Grnd Roll
972
1007
1043
1079
1114
990
Total
2858
2928
2999
3070
3143
2894
Grnd Roll
1009
1046
1083
1120
1157
1021
Total
2931
3004
3079
3155
3232
2954
Grnd Roll
1048
1086
1125
1163
1201
1052
Total
3008
3086
3165
3245
3326
3017
Grnd Roll
1089
1128
1168
1208
1248
1085
Total
3091
3173
3256
3341
3427
3084
Grnd Roll
1131
1173
1214
1255
1297
1119
Total
3179
3265
3353
3443
3533
3154
Grnd Roll
1176
1219
1262
1305
1348
1155
Total
3272
3364
3457
3551
3646
3228
38 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
11934-S37
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 6 - Weight and Balance
FS
350.2
WATER LINE (WL)
FS
55.6
150.0
FS
100.0
FS
142.5
WL
165.5
FS
222.0
FS
38.3
WL 100.0
NOTE
Reference datum located at
fuselage station 0.0.
50.0
LEMAC
FS 133.1
BUTTOCK LINE (BL)
230.0
350.0
300.0
250.0
(FS)
200.0
150.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
FS
157.4
FUSELAGE
STATION
RBL 229.5
200.0
150.0
100.0
50.0
RBL 87.7
Typical LBL
MAC 47.7"
RBL 77.3
RBL 54.8
BL 0.0
50.0
BL 0.0
LBL 54.8
LBL 77.3
100.0
200.0
150.0
230.0
LBL 229.5
SR20_FM09_2734
Figure - 4
Airplane Dimensional Data
11934-S37
39 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Airplane Weighing Form
REF DATUM
FS 0.0
FS 100.0
FS 142.5
WL 100.0
A = x + 100
B=A-y
y = ____________
x = ____________
x
Measured
Measured
y
B
A
Weighing
Point
SR20_FM06_2539
Scale
Reading
- Tare
= Net Weight
X Arm
L Main
A=
R Main
A=
Nose
B=
Total
CG=
= Moment
As Weighed
CG = Total Moment / Total Weight
Space below provided for additions or subtractions to as weighed condition
CG=
Empty Weight
Engine Oil (if oil drained)
15 lb at FS 78.4, moment = 1176
Unusable Fuel
Basic Empty Weight
40 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
15.0
154.9
2324
CG=
11934-S37
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Airplane Weighing Procedures
A basic empty weight and center of gravity were established for this
airplane when the airplane was weighed just prior to initial delivery.
However, major modifications, loss of records, addition or relocation of
equipment, accomplishment of service bulletins, and weight gain over
time may require re-weighing to keep the basic empty weight and
center of gravity current. The frequency of weighing is determined by
the operator. All changes to the basic empty weight and center of
gravity are the responsibility of the operator. Refer to Section 8 for
specific servicing procedures.
1. Preparation:
a. Inflate tires to recommended operating pressures.
b.
Service brake reservoir.
c.
Drain fuel system.
d. Service engine oil.
e. Move crew seats to the most forward position.
f.
Raise flaps to the fully retracted position.
g. Place all control surfaces in neutral position.
h. Verify equipment installation and location by comparison to
equipment list.
2. Leveling:
a. Level longitudinally with a spirit level placed on the pilot door
sill and laterally with of a spirit level placed across the door
sills. Alternately, level airplane by sighting the forward and aft
tool holes along waterline 95.9.
b.
Place scales under each wheel (minimum scale capacity, 500
pounds nose, 1000 pounds each main).
c.
Deflate the nose tire and/or shim underneath scales as
required to properly center the bubble in the level.
11934-S37
41 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
3. Weighing:
a. With the airplane level, doors closed, and brakes released,
record the weight shown on each scale. Deduct the tare, if
any, from each reading.
4. Measuring:
a. Obtain measurement ‘x’ by measuring horizontally along the
airplane center line (BL 0) from a line stretched between the
main wheel centers to a plumb bob dropped from the forward
side of the firewall (FS 100). Add 100 to this measurement to
obtain left and right weighing point arm (dimension ‘A’).
Typically, dimension ‘A’ will be in the neighborhood of 157.5.
b.
Obtain measurement ‘y’ by measuring horizontally and
parallel to the airplane centerline (BL 0), from center of
nosewheel axle, left side, to a plumb bob dropped from the
line stretched between the main wheel centers. Repeat on
right side and average the measurements. Subtract this
measurement from dimension ‘A’ to obtain the nosewheel
weighing point arm (dimension ‘B’).
5. Determine and record the moment for each of the main and nose
gear weighing points using the following formula:
Moment = Net Weight x Arm
6. Calculate and record the as-weighed weight and moment by
totaling the appropriate columns.
7. Determine and record the as-weighed C.G. in inches aft of datum
using the following formula:
C.G. = Total Moment / Total Weight
8. Add or subtract any items not included in the as-weighed condition
to determine the empty condition. Application of the above C.G.
formula will determine the C.G for this condition.
9. Add the correction for engine oil (15 lb at FS 78.4), if the airplane
was weighed with oil drained. Add the correction for unusable fuel
(15.0 lb at FS 154.9) to determine the Basic Empty Weight and
Moment. Calculate and record the Basic Empty Weight C.G. by
applying the above C.G. formula.
42 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
11934-S37
Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 9
Supplements
10. Record the new weight and C.G. values on the Weight and
Balance Record.
The above procedure determines the airplane Basic Empty Weight,
moment, and center of gravity in inches aft of datum. C.G. can also be
expressed in terms of its location as a percentage of the airplane
Mean Aerodynamic Cord (MAC) using the following formula:
C.G. % MAC = 100 x (C.G. Inches – LEMAC) / MAC
Where:
LEMAC = 133.1
MAC = 47.7
11934-S37
43 of 56
Revision 01: 08-26-09
Section 9
Supplements
Cirrus Design
SR20
Center of Gravity Limits
The charts below depict the airplane center-of-gravity envelope in
terms of inches aft of the reference datum and as a percentage of the
Mean Aerodynamic Cord (MAC). The relationship between the two is
detailed in the weighing instructions.
3100
3050
3000
FS 140.7
3050 lb
FS 148.1
3050 lb
Weight - Pounds
2950
2900
2850
2800
FS 139.1
2700 lb
2750
2700
2650
2600
2550
2500
2450
2400
2350
2300
2250
2200
2150
FS 148.1
2100 lb
FS 137.8
2100 lb
2100
2050
2000
136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150
C.G. - Inches Aft of Datum
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Section 9
Supplements
Weight & Balance Loading Form
Serial Num: ________________ Date: ________________________
Reg. Num: _________________ Initials: ______________________
Item
Description
1.
Basic Empty Weight
Includes unusable fuel & full oil
2.
Front Seat Occupants
Pilot & Passenger (total)
3.
Rear Seat Occupants
4.
Baggage Area
130 lb maximum
5.
Zero Fuel Condition Weight
Sub total item 1 thru 4
6.
Fuel Loading
56 Gallon @ 6.0 lb/gal. Maximum
7.
Ramp Condition Weight
Sub total item 5 and 6
8.
Fuel for start, taxi, and runup
Normally 6 lb at average moment of 922.8
9.
Takeoff Condition Weight
Subtract item 8 from item 7
Weight
LB
–
Moment/
1000
–
• Note •
The Takeoff Condition Weight must not exceed 3050 lb.
The Takeoff Condition Moment must be within the Minimum Moment to Maximum
Moment range at the Takeoff Condition Weight. (Refer to Moment Limits graphs).
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Loading Data
Use the following chart or table to determine the moment/1000 for fuel
and payload items to complete the Loading Form
600
Fuel
500
Weight - Pounds
Fwd Pass
Aft Pass
400
300
200
Baggage
100
0
0.0
20.0
40.0
60.0
80.0
Mom ent/1000
Weight
LB
Fwd
Aft
Pass
Pass
FS 143.5 FS 180.0
3.60
Baggage
Fuel
Weight
FS 208.0
FS 153.8
LB
4.16
3.10
220
Fwd
Aft
Fuel
Pass
Pass
FS 143.5 FS 180.0 FS 153.8
20
2.87
31.57
39.60
34.08
40
5.74
7.20
8.32
6.20
240
34.44
43.20
37.18
60
8.61
10.80
12.48
9.29
260
37.31
46.80
40.27
80
11.48
14.40
16.64
12.39
280
40.18
50.40
43.37
100
14.35
18.00
20.80
15.49
300
43.05
54.00
46.47
120
17.22
21.60
24.96
18.59
320
45.92
57.60
49.57
140
20.09
25.20
(27.04)*
21.69
336**
48.79
61.20
52.05
160
22.96
28.80
24.78
360
51.66
64.80
180
25.83
32.40
27.88
380
54.53
68.40
200
28.70
36.00
30.98
400
57.40
72.00
*130 lb Maximum
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**56 U.S Gallons Usable
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Section 9
Supplements
Moment Limits
Use the following chart or table to determine if the weight and moment
from the completed Weight and Balance Loading Form are within
limits.
3200
Weight - Pounds
3000
2800
2600
2400
2200
2000
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
460
Mom ent/1000
Weight
Moment/1000
Weight
Moment/1000
LB
Minimum
Maximum
LB
Minimum
Maximum
2200
304
326
2700
375
398
2250
311
333
2750
383
406
2300
318
341
2800
390
414
2350
326
348
2850
398
421
2400
333
354
2900
406
429
2450
340
362
2950
414
437
2500
347
369
3000
421
444
2550
354
375
3050
429
452
2600
362
383
2700
375
398
2650
369
390
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Section 7 - Systems Description
Airframe
Wings
The wing structure is constructed of composite materials producing
wing surfaces that are smooth and seamless. The wing cross section
is a blend of several high performance airfoils. A high aspect ratio
results in low drag. Each wing provides attach structure for the main
landing gear and contains a 29.3-gallon fuel tank.
The G3 Wing is constructed in a conventional spar, rib, and shear
section arrangement. The upper and lower skins are bonded to the
spar, ribs, and aft shear web forming a torsion box that carries all of
the wing bending and torsion loads. The rear shear webs are similar in
construction but do not carry through the fuselage. The main spar is
laminated epoxy/carbon fiber in a C-section, and is continuous from
wing tip to wing tip. The wing spar passes under the fuselage below
the two front seats and is attached to the fuselage in two locations. Lift
and landing loads are carried by the single carry-through spar, plus a
pair of rear shear webs (one on each wing) attached to the fuselage.
Rudder System
G3 Wing geometry is slightly changed with an increase in dihedral of
1° which allows for the elimination of the aileron-rudder interconnect
system.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Fuel System
A 56-gallon usable wet-wing fuel storage system provides fuel for
engine operation. The system consists of a 29.3-gallon capacity (28
gallon usable) vented integral fuel tank and a fuel collector/sump in
each wing, a three position selector valve, an electric boost pump, and
an engine-driven fuel pump. Fuel is gravity fed from each tank to the
associated collector sumps where the engine-driven fuel pump draws
fuel through a filter and selector valve to pressure feed the engine fuel
injection system. The electric boost pump is provided for engine
priming and vapor suppression.
Each integral wing fuel tank has a filler cap in the upper surface of
each wing for fuel servicing. Access panels in the lower surface of
each wing allow access to the associated wet compartment (tank) for
inspection and maintenance. Float-type fuel quantity sensors in each
wing tank supply fuel level information to the fuel quantity indicators.
Positive pressure in the tank is maintained through a vent line from
each wing tank. Fuel, from each wing tank, gravity feeds through
strainers and a flapper valve to the associated collector tank in each
wing. Each collector tank/sump incorporates a flush mounted fuel
drain and a vent to the associated fuel tank.
The engine-driven fuel pump pulls filtered fuel from the two collector
tanks through a three-position (LEFT-RIGHT-OFF) selector valve. The
selector valve allows tank selection. From the fuel pump, the fuel is
metered to a flow divider, and delivered to the individual cylinders.
Excess fuel is returned to the selected tank.
A dual-reading fuel-quantity indicator is located in the center console
next to the fuel selector in plain view of the pilot. Fuel shutoff and tank
selection is positioned nearby for easy access.
Fuel system venting is essential to system operation. Blockage of the
system will result in decreasing fuel flow and eventual engine fuel
starvation and stoppage. Venting is accomplished independently from
each tank by a vent line leading to a NACA-type vent mounted in an
access panel underneath the wing near each wing tip.
The airplane may be serviced to a reduced capacity to permit heavier
cabin loadings. This is accomplished by filling each tank to a tab
visible below the fuel filler, giving a reduced fuel load of 13.0 gallons
usable in each tank (26 gallons total usable in all flight conditions).
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Drain valves at the system low points allow draining the system for
maintenance and for examination of fuel in the system for
contamination and grade. The fuel must be sampled prior to each
flight. A sampler cup is provided to drain a small amount of fuel from
the wing tank drains, the collector tank drains, and the gascolator
drain. If takeoff weight limitations for the next flight permit, the fuel
tanks should be filled after each flight to prevent condensation.
Exterior Lighting
The airplane is equipped with wing tip navigation lights with integral
anti-collision strobe lights and recognition Lights. The landing light is
located in the lower cowl.
Recognition Lights
The airplane is equipped with recognition lights on the leading edge of
the wing tips. The lights are controlled through the landing light switch
on the instrument panel bolster. 28 VDC for recognition light operation
is supplied through the 5-amp REC/INST LTS circuit breaker on Main
Bus 1.
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SR20
Environmental System
Cabin heating and ventilation is accomplished by supplying
conditioned air for heating and windshield defrost and fresh air for
ventilation. The environmental system consists of a fresh air inlet in
the lower RH cowl, a heat exchanger around the RH engine exhaust
muffler, an air mixing chamber, air ducting for distribution, a distribution
manifold, a windshield diffuser, and crew and passenger air vents. An
optional 3-speed blower fan is available to supplement airflow when
ram air may be inadequate such as during ground operation.
Fresh air enters the cabin air distribution system through a NACA vent
on the RH lower cowl and is ducted to the air mixing chamber mounted
to the forward side of the firewall. Fresh air also enters the upper RH
cowl inlet, flows through the upper cowl, and is ducted to a heat
exchanger surrounding the RH engine exhaust muffler. The heated air
is then routed to the air mixing chamber to be mixed with the fresh air.
The mixed air is then distributed by either ram air or by optional blower
fan to the distribution manifold mounted to the center, aft side of the
firewall. The distribution manifold uses butterfly valves to control
airflow to the floor and defrost vents. Airflow is ducted directly to all
panel air vents.
The crew panel air vents are chest high outlets mounted in the RH and
LH bolster panels. The crew floor air vents are mounted to the bottom
of each kick plate. The passenger panel air vents are chest high
outlets mounted in the armrests integral to the LH and RH cabin wall
trim panels. The passenger floor air vents are mounted to the bottom
portion of the LH and RH cabin wall trim panels. The windshield
diffuser, located in the glareshield assembly, directs conditioned air to
the base of the windshield. Temperature, volume, and flow selection
are regulated by manipulation of the cabin airflow, cabin vents, and
cabin temperature selector knobs on the lower RH side of the
instrument panel. The optional blower fan is powered by 28 VDC
supplied through 15-amp Fan breaker on Main A/C Bus 2.
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RAM AIR
RAM AIR
HOT AIR
VALVE
AIRFLOW
1
OFF
2
3
HEAT
EXCHANGER
MIXING
CHAMBER
FRESH AIR
VALVE
AIR FLOW VALVE
SERVO MOTOR
TEMPERATURE
VENTS
COLD
HOT
FLOOR AIRFLOW
WINDSHIELD
DIFFUSER
PANEL AIRFLOW
AIR GASPER
DISTRIBUTION
MANIFOLD
FOOT-WARMER
DIFFUSER
FAN
ASSEMBLY
NOTE: Illustration depicts maximum
cabin cooling airflows and
selector settings.
SR20_FM09_2735
Figure - 5
Environmental System
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SR20
Airflow Selection
The airflow selector on the system control panel regulates the volume
of airflow allowed into the cabin distribution system. When the airflow
selector is moved to the ON position an electro-mechanical linkage
actuates a butterfly valve in the mixing chamber on the forward firewall
to the full open position. The air is then distributed by either ram air or
by an optional blower fan to the distribution manifold mounted to the
center, aft side of the firewall
Vent Selection
Conditioned air from the distribution manifold can be proportioned and
directed to passengers and/or the windshield by manipulating the
cabin vent selector. The selector is mechanically linked to butterfly
valves at the entrances to the windshield diffuser and the cabin floor
ducting. There is continuous airflow to the panel and armrest eyeball
outlets. Each occupant can control the flow rate from 'off' to maximum
by rotating the nozzle.
When the selector is in the far left position, both butterfly valves are
closed providing maximum airflow to the panel and armrest eyeball
outlets. Rotating the selector a quarter-turn clockwise opens the cabin
floor butterfly valve allowing airflow to the rear seat foot warmer
diffusers and the front seat outlets mounted to the underside of each
kickplate. Rotating the selector another quarter-turn clockwise opens
the windshield diffuser butterfly valve which permits shared airflow to
the defrosting mechanism and cabin floor outlets. When the selector is
in the far right position, the cabin floor butterfly valve is closed
providing maximum airflow to the windshield diffuser.
Temperature Selection
The temperature selector is mechanically linked to the hot and cold air
valves. Rotating the selector simultaneously opens and closes the two
valves, permitting hot and cold air to mix and enter the distribution
system. Rotating the selector clockwise, permits warmer air to enter
the system - counterclockwise, cooler air.
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Section 9
Supplements
Section 8 - Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance
Servicing
Tire Inflation
Inflate nose tire to 30 psi (207 kPa) and main wheel tires to 62 psi
(427kPa).
Fuel System Servicing
Fuel Filtration Screen/Element
After the first 25 hours of operation, then every 100-hours or as
conditions dictate, the fuel filter element in the gascolator must be
replaced. At every oil change, Verify red pop-up tab on gascolator is
not visible. If tab is visible, the fuel filter element must be replaced and
the pop-up tab manually reset. Refer to the Airplane Maintenance
Manual for Fuel Screen/Element servicing information.
Fuel Contamination and Sampling
The gascolator incorporates a filter bypass that activates a red, pop-up
tab when pressure drop across the gascolator reaches 0.8 ± 0.2 PSI.
The filter is bypassed when the pressure drop reaches 1.20 ± 0.2 PSI.
Once the pop-up tab is activated, the fuel filter element must be
replaced and the pop-up tab manually reset. Do not attempt to clean
the filter element.
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Pilots Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement
For
Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator
When a Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator is installed in the Cirrus
Design SR20, this Supplement is applicable and must be inserted in
the Supplements Section (Section 9) of the Cirrus Design SR20 Pilot's
Operating Handbook. This document must be carried in the airplane at
all times. Information in this supplement either adds to, supersedes, or
deletes information in the basic SR20 Pilot's Operating Handbook.
• Note •
This POH Supplement Change, dated Revision 01: 11-11-07,
supersedes and replaces the original release of this POH
Supplement dated 08-15-07.
P/N 11934-S38
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SR20
Section 1 - General
The WAAS-enabled, Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator is capable
of providing primary navigation information for enroute, terminal, nonprecision, and precision approaches with typical position accuracies of
1 meter horizontally and 2 meters vertically.
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) consists of ground
reference stations positioned across the United States that monitor
GPS satellite data. Two master stations, located on either coast,
collect data from the reference stations and create a GPS correction
message. This correction accounts for GPS satellite orbit and clock
drift plus signal delays caused by the atmosphere and ionosphere.
The corrected data is then broadcast through geostationary satellites.
WAAS also provides the capability of quickly determining when signals
from a given satellite are wrong and removing that satellite from the
navigation solution using Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
(RAIM), a technology developed to assess the integrity of GPS
signals.
• Note •
WAAS satellite coverage is only available in North America.
User in other parts of the world can receive WAAS data,
however, the signal has not been corrected and thus does not
improve the accuracy of your receiver.
Models Covered
Two Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigators are covered in this
publication; the GNC 420W and GNS 430W. Generally, both models
will be referred to as the Navigator, except where there are physical or
operational differences.
• Note •
For detailed descriptions and full operation instructions for the
GNC 420W or GNS 430W Navigators, refer to the Garmin
400W-Series GPS Navigator Pilot's Guide and Reference, P/N
190-00356-00, Revision A or later revision.
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SR20
Section 9
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SR20_FM09_1285
SR20_FM09_1109
Figure - 1
GNC 420W and GNS 430W 400W-Series Navigators
P/N 11934-S38
Revision 01: 11-11-07
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 2 – Limitations
1. The Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator Pilot's Guide and
Reference, P/N 190-00356-00, Revision A or later must be
immediately available to the pilot during flight. The software status
stated in the pilot's guide must match that displayed on the
equipment.
2. IFR enroute and terminal navigation is prohibited unless the pilot
verifies the currency of the database or verifies each selected
waypoint for accuracy by reference to current approved data.
3. The Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator meets RNP5 (BRNAV)
requirements of AC 90-96 and is in accordance with AC 20-138,
and JAA AMJ 20X2 Leaflet 2 Revision 01, provided it is receiving
usable navigation information from the GPS receiver.
4. Do not use the TERRAIN Interface for navigation of the aircraft.
The Terrain Display does not provide TAWS capability and is
intended to serve as a situational awareness tool only and does
not provide the accuracy fidelity on which to solely base terrain or
obstacle avoidance maneuvering decisions.
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
1. If GPS Navigator information is not available or is invalid, utilize
remaining operational navigation equipment as required.
2. If a “Loss of Integrity” (INTEG) or RAIM POSITION WARNING
message is displayed during:
a. Enroute/Terminal; continue to navigate using GPS equipment
and periodically cross-check the GPS guidance to other
approved means of navigation.
b.
GPS Approach; GPS approaches are not authorized under
INTEG - execute a missed approach or revert to alternate
navigation.
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SR20
Section 9
Supplements
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
Refer to the Systems Description Section of this supplement for
integration differences when single and dual units are installed.
Normal operating procedures are outlined in the Garmin 400W-Series
GPS Navigator Pilot's Guide and Reference, P/N 190-00356-00,
Revision A or later.
Activate Navigator
1. Battery Master Switch................................................................ON
2. Avionics Power Switch ...............................................................ON
3. Navigator COM/ Power Switch....................................... Rotate ON
The Navigator will display a welcome page while the self-test is in
progress. When the self test is successfully completed, the
Navigator asks for NavData database confirmation, acquires
position, and then displays the acquired position on the Navigators
display and on the MFD.
• Note •
The Navigator is not coupled to an air and fuel data computer.
Manual fuel-on-board and fuel flow entries must be made in
order to use the fuel planning function of the AUX pages.
The GPS Navigator utilizes altitude information from the
altitude encoders altitude digitizer to enhance altitude
information.
Deactivate Navigator
1. Navigator COM/ Power Switch............................Rotate CCW OFF
Section 5 - Performance
No change from basic Handbook.
Section 6 - Weight & Balance
No change from basic Handbook.
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Cirrus Design
SR20
Section 7 - Systems Description
• Note •
This section provides general description and aircraft
integration information for the Garmin GNC 420W and GNS
430W 400W-Series Navigators. For detailed descriptions and
operational instructions, refer to the Garmin 400W-Series
GPS Navigator Pilot's Guide and Reference, P/N 190-0035600, Revision A or later revision
GNC 420W
The GNC 420W, designated as the secondary navigator (GPS 2), is a
GPS Navigator and VHF communications transceiver. The GPS
Navigator consists of a GPS receiver, a navigation computer, and a
Jeppeson NavData database all contained in the GNC 420W control
unit mounted in the center console. Additionally, a VHF
communications receiver, designated COM 2, is also integrated into
the unit.
GPS Navigator
The GNC 420W navigator is coupled to the airplane’s CDI. The GPS 2
antenna is located on top of the fuselage slightly aft of the rear window
along the airplane centerline. The navigator is powered by 28 VDC
through the 5-amp GPS2 and 7.5-amp COM 2 circuit breakers on the
Avionics Non-Essential Bus.
Communication (COM) Transceiver
The GNC 420W includes a digitally-tuned integrated VHF
communications (COM) transceiver. The COM 2 antenna is located
below the cabin on the airplane centerline.
28 VDC for transceiver operating is controlled through the Avionics
Master Switch and supplied through the 7.5-amp COM 2 circuit
breaker on the Avionics Non-Essential Bus.
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SR20
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GNS 430W
The GNS 430W, designated as the primary navigator (GPS 1),
includes all of the features of the GNC 420W with the addition of IFR
certified VOR/Localizer and Glideslope receivers. In the event a
second GNS 430W is installed, the second unit will function as
described below except that the GPS Navigator is designated GPS 2,
the NAV receiver is designated NAV 2, and the VHF communications
receiver is designated COM 2.
GPS 2 Navigator and VHF NAV is powered by 28 VDC through the
Avionics Master Switch and the 5-amp GPS 2 circuit breaker on the
Avionics Non-essential Bus. 28 VDC for transceiver operation is
supplied through the Avionics master Switch and the 7.5-amp COM 2
circuit breaker on the Avionics Non-Essential Bus.
The following describes a single GNS 430W unit and its functions.
GPS Navigator
The GNS 430W Navigator is coupled to the airplanes HSI and MFD.
Typically, the second GPS Navigator provides backup and is approved
for VFR use only. If the second GPS is also a GNS 430W, it will be
coupled to the CDI and is also approved for IFR use.
The GPS 1 antenna is located on top of the fuselage slightly aft of the
rear window along the airplane centerline and the GPS 2 antenna is
located on top of the fuselage slightly forward of the rear window along
the airplane centerline. The GNS 430W Navigator is powered by 28
VDC through the 5-amp GPS 1 circuit breaker on the Avionics
Essential Bus.
Navigation (NAV) Receiver
The GNS 430W provides an integrated Navigation (NAV) receiver with
VHF Omnirange/Localizer (VOR/LOC) and Glideslope (G/S) capability.
The NAV antenna is mounted on top of the vertical tail.
28 VDC for navigation receiver operation is controlled through the
Avionics Master Switch on the bolster switch panel and supplied
through the 5-amp GPS 1 circuit breaker on the Avionics Essential
Bus.
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SR20
Communication (COM) Transceiver
The GNS 430W includes a digitally-tuned integrated VHF
communications (COM) transceiver. The COM 1 antenna is located
above the cabin on the airplane centerline.
28 VDC for transceiver operating is controlled through the Avionics
Master Switch and supplied through the 7.5-amp COM 1 circuit
breaker on the Avionics Essential Bus.
Avionics Integration
The GNS 430W Navigator is integrated into the airplane avionics
installation in three configurations:
1. Single GNS 430W (GPS 1) interfaced with the PFD and MFD and
a single Garmin GNC 250XL (GPS 2) interfaced with the PFD and
MFD.
• GPS 1 in this configuration is a GNS 430W Navigator with VHF
COM interfaced with the PFD and MFD as GPS 1/VLOC 1.
Select NAV Source to GPS 1 or VLOC 1 through the PFD’s
NAV select button. With source set to GPS 1 or VLOC 1, it can
be alternately set between GPS or VLOC by the CDI button on
the navigator. The active source is identified on the PFD.
• GPS 2 in this configuration is a GNC 250XL Navigator
interfaced with the PFD and MFD as GPS 2. Select NAV
Source to GPS 2 through the PFD’s NAV select button. The
active source is identified on the PFD.
2. Single GNS 430W (GPS 1) interfaced with the PFD and MFD and
a single GNC 420W (GPS 2) interfaced with the MFD (VOR/LOC)
indicator.
• GPS 1 in this configuration is a GNS 430W Navigator with VHF
COM interfaced with the PFD and MFD as GPS 1/VLOC 1.
Select NAV Source to GPS 1 or VLOC 1 through the PFD’s
NAV select button. With source set to GPS 1 or VLOC 1, it can
be alternately set between GPS or VLOC by the CDI button on
the navigator. The active source is identified on the PFD.
• GPS 2 in this configuration is a GNS 420W Navigator with VHF
COM interfaced with the PFD and MFD as GPS 2. Select NAV
Source to GPS 2 through the PFD’s NAV select button. The
active source is identified on the PFD.
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SR20
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3. Dual GNS 430W units are installed. GPS 1 in this configuration is
the uppermost GNS 430W unit in the console and GPS 2 is the
lower GNS 430W unit.
• GPS 1 in this configuration is a GNS 430W Navigator with VHF
COM interfaced with the PFD and MFD as GPS 1/VLOC 1.
Select NAV Source to GPS 1 or VLOC 1 through the PFD’s
NAV select button. With source set to GPS 1 or VLOC 1, it can
be alternately set between GPS or VLOC by the CDI button on
the navigator. The active source is identified on the PFD.
• GPS 2 in this configuration is a GNS 430W Navigator with VHF
COM interfaced with the PFD and MFD as GPS 2/VLOC 2.
Select NAV Source to GPS 2 or VLOC 2 through the PFD’s
NAV select button. With source set to GPS 2 or VLOC 2, it can
be alternately set between GPS or VLOC by the CDI button on
the navigator. The active source is identified on the PFD.
P/N 11934-S38
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SR20
TERRAIN Interface
• Note •
TERRAIN functionality is a standard feature found in GNS
430W units with main software version 5.01 or above and valid
terrain and obstacle databases installed.
Garmin TERRAIN is a terrain awareness system incorporated into
GNS 430W units to increase situational awareness and aid in reducing
controlled flight into terrain. The TERRAIN function displays altitudes
of terrain and obstructions relative to the aircraft’s altitude and are
advisory in nature only. Individual obstructions may be shown if
available in the database, however, not all obstructions may be
available in the database and data may be inaccurate. TERRAIN
information should be used as an aid to visual acquisition and not use
to navigate or maneuver to avoid terrain.
For for a more detailed description of the TERRAIN function, refer to
the Garmin 400W-Series GPS Navigator Pilot's Guide and Reference,
P/N 190-00356-00, Revision A or later revision.
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Section 10
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Table of Contents
Introduction ................................................................................... 10-3
Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) Deployment .............. 10-4
Deployment Scenarios............................................................... 10-4
Mid-Air Collision...................................................................... 10-4
Structural Failure .................................................................... 10-4
Loss of Control ....................................................................... 10-5
Landing Required in Terrain not Permitting a Safe Landing... 10-5
Pilot Incapacitation ................................................................. 10-5
General Deployment Information ............................................... 10-5
Deployment Speed ................................................................. 10-5
Deployment Altitude ............................................................... 10-6
Deployment Attitude ............................................................... 10-6
Landing Considerations ............................................................. 10-7
Emergency Landing Body Position......................................... 10-7
Door Position .......................................................................... 10-7
Water Landings ...................................................................... 10-8
Post Impact Fire ..................................................................... 10-9
Ground Gusts ......................................................................... 10-9
Taxiing, Steering, and Braking Practices .................................... 10-10
Proper Operating Practices ..................................................... 10-10
Brake Maintenance ..................................................................10-11
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Introduction
The Cirrus Design SR20 is a modern, advanced technology airplane
designed to operate safely and efficiently in a flight environment.
However, like any other aircraft, pilots must maintain proficiency to
achieve maximum safety, utility, and economy.
As the pilot you must be thoroughly familiar with the contents of this
Handbook, the Handbook Supplements, the SR20 Flight Checklist,
and operational guides and data provided by manufacturers of
equipment installed in this airplane. You must operate the airplane in
accordance with the applicable FAA operating rules and within the
Limitations specified in Section 2 of this Handbook.
The Normal Procedures section of this handbook was designed to
provide guidance for day-to-day operation of this airplane. The
procedures given are the result of flight testing, FAA certification
requirements, and input from pilots with a variety of operational
experience. Become fully familiar with the procedures, perform all the
required checks, and operate the airplane within the limitations and as
outlined in the procedures.
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Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS)
Deployment
The Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) is designed to lower
the aircraft and its passengers to the ground in the event of a lifethreatening emergency. However, because CAPS deployment is
expected to result in damage to the airframe and, depending upon
adverse external factors such as high deployment speed, low altitude,
rough terrain or high wind conditions, may result in severe injury or
death to the aircraft occupants, its use should not be taken lightly.
Instead, possible CAPS activation scenarios should be well thought
out and mentally practiced by every SR20 pilot.
The following discussion is meant to guide your thinking about CAPS
activation. It is intended to be informative, not directive. It is the
responsibility of you, the pilot, to determine when and how the CAPS
will be used.
Deployment Scenarios
This section describes possible scenarios in which the activation of the
CAPS might be appropriate. This list is not intended to be exclusive,
but merely illustrative of the type of circumstances when CAPS
deployment could be the only means of saving the occupants of the
aircraft.
Mid-air Collision
A mid-air collision may render the airplane unflyable by damaging the
control system or primary structure. If a mid-air collision occurs,
immediately determine if the airplane is controllable and structurally
capable of continued safe flight and landing. If it is not, CAPS
activation should be considered.
Structural Failure
Structural failure may result from many situations, such as:
encountering severe gusts at speeds above the airplane’s structural
cruising speed, inadvertent full control movements above the
airplane’s maneuvering speed, or exceeding the design load factor
while maneuvering. If a structural failure occurs, immediately
determine if the airplane is controllable and structurally capable of
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continued safe flight and landing. If it is not, CAPS activation should be
considered.
Loss of Control
Loss of control may result from many situations, such as: a control
system failure (disconnected or jammed controls); severe wake
turbulence, severe turbulence causing upset, severe airframe icing, or
sustained pilot disorientation caused by vertigo or panic; or a spiral/
spin. If loss of control occurs, determine if the airplane can be
recovered. If control cannot be regained, the CAPS should be
activated. This decision should be made prior to your pre-determined
decision altitude (2,000’ AGL, as discussed below).
Landing Required in Terrain not Permitting a Safe Landing
If a forced landing is required because of engine failure, fuel
exhaustion, excessive structural icing, or any other condition CAPS
activation is only warranted if a landing cannot be made that ensures
little or no risk to the aircraft occupants. However, if the condition
occurs over terrain thought not to permit such a landing, such as: over
extremely rough or mountainous terrain, over water out of gliding
distance to land, over widespread ground fog or at night, CAPS
activation should be considered.
Pilot Incapacitation
Pilot incapacitation may be the result of anything from a pilot’s medical
condition to a bird strike that injures the pilot. If this occurs and the
passengers cannot reasonably accomplish a safe landing, CAPS
activation by the passengers should be considered. This possibility
should be explained to the passengers prior to the flight and all
appropriate passengers should be briefed on CAPS operation so they
could effectively deploy CAPS if required.
General Deployment Information
Deployment Speed
The maximum speed at which deployment has been demonstrated is
135 KIAS. Deployment at higher speeds could subject the parachute
and aircraft to excessive loads that could result in structural failure.
Once a decision has been made to deploy the CAPS, make all
reasonable efforts to slow to the minimum possible airspeed. However,
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if time and altitude are critical, and/or ground impact is imminent, the
CAPS should be activated regardless of airspeed.
Deployment Altitude
No minimum altitude for deployment has been set. This is because the
actual altitude loss during a particular deployment depends upon the
airplane’s airspeed, altitude and attitude at deployment as well as
other environmental factors. In all cases, however, the chances of a
successful deployment increase with altitude. As a guideline, the
demonstrated altitude loss from entry into a one-turn spin until under a
stabilized parachute is 920 feet. Altitude loss from level flight
deployments has been demonstrated at less than 400 feet. With these
numbers in mind it might be useful to keep 2,000 feet AGL in mind as a
cut-off decision altitude. Above 2,000 feet, there would normally be
time to systematically assess and address the aircraft emergency.
Below 2,000 feet, the decision to activate the CAPS has to come
almost immediately in order to maximize the possibility of successful
deployment. At any altitude, once the CAPS is determined to be the
only alternative available for saving the aircraft occupants, deploy the
system without delay.
Deployment Attitude
The CAPS has been tested in all flap configurations at speeds ranging
from Vso to Va. Most CAPS testing was accomplished from a level
attitude. Deployment from a spin was also tested. From these tests it
was found that as long as the parachute was introduced to the free air
by the rocket, it would successfully recover the aircraft into its level
descent attitude under parachute. However, it can be assumed that to
minimize the chances of parachute entanglement and reduce aircraft
oscillations under the parachute, the CAPS should be activated from a
wings-level, upright attitude if at all possible.
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Landing Considerations
After a CAPS deployment, the airplane will descend at less than 1500
feet per minute with a lateral speed equal to the velocity of the surface
wind. The CAPS landing touchdown is equivalent to ground impact
from a height of approximately 10 feet. While the airframe, seats, and
landing gear are designed to accommodate the stress, occupants
must be prepared for the landing. The overriding consideration in all
CAPS deployed landings is to prepare the occupants for the
touchdown in order to protect them from injury as much as possible.
Emergency Landing Body Position
The most important consideration for a touchdown with CAPS
deployed is to protect the occupants from injury, especially back injury.
Contacting the ground with the back offset attempting to open a door
or secure items increases the likelihood of back injury. All occupants
must be in the emergency landing body position well before
touchdown. After touchdown, all occupants should maintain the
emergency landing body position until the airplane comes to a
complete stop.
The emergency landing body position is assumed with tightened seat
belt and shoulder harness by placing both hands on the lap, clasping
one wrist with the opposite hand, and holding the upper torso erect
and against the seat backs. The seat cushions contain an aluminum
honeycomb core designed to crush under impact to absorb downward
loads and help protect the spine from compression injury.
Door Position
For most situations, it is best to leave the doors latched and use the
time available to transmit emergency calls, shut down systems, and
get into the Emergency Landing Body Position well before impact. The
discussion below gives some specific recommendations, however, the
pilot's decision will depend upon all factors, including time to impact,
altitude, terrain, winds, condition of airplane, etc.
There is the possibility that one or both doors could jam at impact. If
this occurs, to exit the airplane, the occupants will have to force open a
partially jammed door or break through a door window using the
Emergency Exit Hammer located in the lid of the center armrest. This
can significantly delay the occupants from exiting the airplane.
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If the pilot elects to touchdown with a door opened, there are several
additional factors the pilot must consider: loss of door, possibility of
head injury, or injury from an object coming through the open door.
• If a door is open prior to touchdown in a CAPS landing, the
door will most likely break away from the airplane at impact.
• If the door is open and the airplane contacts the ground in a
rolled condition, an occupant could be thrown forward and
strike their head on the exposed door pillar. Contacting the
ground in a rolled condition could be caused by terrain that is
not level, contacting an obstacle such as a tree, or by transient
aircraft attitude.
• With a door open, it is possible for an object such as a tree limb
or flying debris to come through the opening and strike an
occupant.
• WARNING •
If it is decided to unlatch a door, unlatch one door only.
Opening only one door will provide for emergency egress as
well as reduce risks associated with ground contact. Typically,
this would be the copilot's door as this allows the other
occupants to exit first after the airplane comes to rest.
CAPS Landing Scenario
Door Position
Empty Copilot Seat
Unlatch Copilot Door
Very Little Time Before Impact
Keep Doors Closed
Fire
Unlatch Copilot Door
Water Landing
Unlatch Copilot Door
Condition Unknown
Keep Doors Closed
Water Landings
The ability of the airplane to float after a water landing has not been
tested and is unknown. However, since there is the possibility that one
or both doors could jam and use of the emergency egress hammer to
break out a window could take some time, the pilot may wish to
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consider unlatching a door prior to assuming the emergency landing
body position in order to provide a ready escape path should the
airplane begin to sink.
Post Impact Fire
If there is no fire prior to touchdown and the pilot is able to shut down
the engine, fuel, and electrical systems, there is less chance of a post
impact fire. If the pilot suspects a fire could result from impact,
unlatching a door immediately prior to assuming the emergency
landing body position should be considered to assure rapid egress.
Ground Gusts
If it is known or suspected that ground gusts are present in the landing
zone, there is a possibility that the parachute could drag the airplane
after touchdown, especially if the terrain is flat and without obstacles.
In order to assure that the occupants can escape the airplane in the
timeliest manner after the airplane comes to rest, the pilot may elect to
unlatch the copilot's door for the CAPS landing. Occupants must be in
the Emergency Landing Body Position for touchdown. Occupants must
not loosen seat belts until the airplane comes to rest. When the
airplane comes to rest, the occupants should exit the airplane and
immediately move upwind to prevent a sudden gust from dragging the
airplane in their direction.
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Taxiing, Steering, and Braking Practices
Cirrus aircraft use a castering nose wheel and rely on aerodynamic
forces and differential braking for directional control while taxiing.
Proper braking practices are therefore critical to avoid potential
damage to the brakes.
The most common cause of brake damage and/or failure is the
creation of excessive heat through improper braking practices. Pilots
unaccustomed to free castering nose wheel steering may be inclined
to “ride” the brakes to maintain constant taxi speeds and use the
brakes excessively for steering.
Proper Operating Practices
When taxiing, directional control is accomplished with rudder
deflection and intermittent braking (toe taps) as necessary. Use only
as much power as is necessary to achieve forward movement.
Deceleration or taxi speed control using brakes but without a reduction
in power will result in increased brake temperature.
On flat, smooth, hard surfaces, do not exceed 1000 RPM maximum
continuous engine speed for taxi. Power settings slightly above 1000
RPM are permissible to start motion, for turf, soft surfaces, and on
inclines. Use minimum power to maintain constant taxi speed.
“Riding the brakes” while taxiing is similar to driving a car with one foot
on the brake and one foot on the gas. This causes a continuous build
up of energy that would otherwise be moving the airplane.
Observe the following operating practices:
• Verify that the parking brake is completely disengaged before
taxi.
• The rudder is effective for steering on the ground and should be
used.
• Use only as much power (throttle) as is necessary to achieve
forward movement. Keep in mind, any additional power added
with the throttle will be absorbed in the brakes to maintain
constant speed.
• Use rudder deflection and the minimum necessary inputs of
differential braking to achieve directional control.
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• Do not “ride the brakes”. Pilots should consciously remove
pressure from the brakes while taxiing. Failure to do so results
in excessive heat buildup, premature brake wear, and
increased possibility of brake failure or fire.
• Avoid unnecessary high-speed taxiing. High-speed taxiing may
result in excessive demands on the brakes, increased brake
wear, and the possibility of brake failure or fire.
• Brakes have a large energy absorbing capacity; therefore,
cooling time should be considered. Energy absorbed during a
few seconds of deceleration can take up to an hour to dissipate.
Always allow adequate cooling time after brake use.
• Allow a cooling period following a high-energy braking event.
High-energy braking can include an aborted takeoff or the
equivalent energy required for a Maximum Gross Weight fullstop from 70 knots in less than 1000 feet.
Brake Maintenance
The brake assemblies and linings should be checked at every oil
change (50 hours) for general condition, evidence of overheating, and
deterioration. Serials 1005 thru 2030 before SB 2X-05-01: At every
annual/100-hour inspection the brakes should be disassembled, the
brake linings should be checked and the O-rings must be replaced.
Refer to Section 8, Handling, Servicing, and Maintenance for specific
servicing information on the Brake System.
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