RAC-HP094 - Issue 1 - R.W. 25-10-07.ai

Heavy Duty Pressure Washer
This product bears the selective sorting symbol for waste electrical and electronic equipment
This means that this product must be handled pursuant to European Directive 2002/96/EC
in order to be recycled or dismantled to minimize its impact on the environment.
For further information, please contact your local or regional authorities.
Electronic products not intended in the selective sorting process are potentially dangerous
for the environment and human health due to the presence of hazardous substances.
This product is guaranteed for domestic use for a period of 12 months against faulty manufacture or materials.
This guarantee does not affect the statutory rights of the consumer. In the event of any problem occurring
please contact our Helpline at the number above for advice. This product is not guaranteed for HIRE purposes.
Manufactured under license for:
RAC-HP094 - Issue 1 - R.W. 25-10-07
Waste electrical products should not be disposed of with household waste.
Please recycle where facilities exist.
Check with your local authority or retailer for recycling advice.
General Safety Rules
WARNING: Read the instructions fully before using the product for the first time. Failure
to follow the instructions may result in fire, electric shock and or serious injury.
We recommend the user wears safety equipment during use.
We recommend the product be used with a RCD (Residual Current Device).
Please Retain These Instructions For Future Use And Referral
• This unit must not be used by children or untrained personnel.
• When operating the unit in high pressure mode the lance may cause kickback. Therefore
please ensure that you hold the spray gun firmly. When using the unit we recommend that
other people are at least 10m away from the working area.
• High-pressure jets can be dangerous if misused. The jet MUST NOT be directed at yourself,
other people, animals, live electrical equipment or the pressure washer itself. The trigger gun
safety lock prevents the trigger from accidentally being engaged. This safety feature does not
lock trigger in the ‘on’ position.
• Do not use the pressure washer if the supply cord or other important parts are damaged
(e.g. high pressure lance or hoses). Never carry your pressure washer by the cord.
• Do not disconnect the high-pressure hose whilst the system is under pressure. This system is
capable of producing 1300PSI. To avoid rupture and injury, do not operate this pump with
components rated less than 1300PSI working pressure (including but not limited to spray guns,
hose and hose connections.)
• Do not use acids or flammable liquids in the machine.
• When using a pressure washer always ensure that your water connection is protected by a
backflow preventer (as per water byelaws). This will avoid possible contamination of your water
supply. Use cold water feed only.
• Protect the unit against freezing, avoid storing the machine where it may be susceptible to frost.
• Prior to starting the pressure washer in cold weather, be sure ice has not formed in any part of
the equipment.
• The unit must continuously run with water. Dry running will cause serious damage to the seals.
IMPORTANT: The pressure washer is equipped with an auto stop device. When the trigger is
released it will open the power circuit to the motor and cause the pressure washer motor to
stop. The motor will resume when the trigger is pulled. The pressure washer is also equipped with a
main power ON/OFF switch located on the unit. It should always be moved to OFF position when
the pressure washer is not being used.
This product is a class II product-double insulated. No means of grounding (to earth) is provided
on this product nor should it be added. Only a qualified person should carry out servicing.
If an extension lead is to be used with this product, please ensure:
Use only extension cords that are intended for outdoor use.
Completely unwind the cable from the drum to allow for full current rating of the extension cable.
To reduce the risk of electrocution, keep all connections dry and off the ground.
Do not touch plug with wet hands
Hose: Water supply hose must be at least ½" in diameter with a minimum recommended length of
7.5 meters and be fitted with a suitable coupling that matches the male quick fit connector.
Component List
1. Detergent container
2. Water supply inlet
3. ON/OFF switch
4. High pressure outlet
5. Trigger gun
6. High pressure connection hose
7. Rotary brush
8. Fixed washing brush
9. Lance extension
10. Turbo lance
11. Adjustable lance
12. Cleaning needle
13. Hose reel connection point
14. Quick connector (female)
15. Quick connector (male)
Technical specification
Rated voltage:
Rated power:
Rated frequency:
Protection class:
Degree of protection:
Permissible pressure:
Rated pressure:
Inlet pressure:
Supply water temperature:
Nozzle spray angle:
Max output flow rate:
Net weight(machine only):
220-240V AC
135 Bar / 13.5 Mpa
90 Bar / 9 Mpa
0-50 C
0-90 degree
Cable length:
Hose length:
Noise valve:
Noise valve:
93 Lwa
73 Lpa
Before carrying out any assembly or disassembly of the unit please ensure that the unit is not
connected to the electrical supply.
Before connecting to the mains power supply
please ensure that the ON / OFF switch is in
the OFF position (fig 6) and the water supply
is connected and is turned on.
Running the pressure washer without any
water supplied to it will damage the pump.
Assembling your machine
1. Connect the high pressure connection hose (6) to high pressure outlet (4) and hose reel
connection point (13) as shown in Fig 1
2. Connect the trigger gun (5) to the hose reel using two 17mm spanners (not supplied). Fig 2
Note: Using a spanner on the trigger gun connector and a spanner on the hose connector ensures
that you do not stress the internal components when tightening (spanners not included).
3. Fit the lance extension (9) into the trigger gun (5) by pushing the lance extension into the
trigger gun and locating the lugs at the same time, then turn clockwise to lock into position,
Fig 3
5. Fit the quick connector male (15) as per Fig 4 and make sure it is fully tightened
6. Connecting to the water supply
Connect the quick connector female (14) to your garden hose,then connect to
the quick connector male (15) as per Fig 5.
Fig 3
Fig 4
Fig 6
Instructions for use
a) With the unit fully assembled, ensure that
the unit is switched OFF and is connected to
the mains supply and the water supply. Pull
the trigger a few times to expel any air trapped
in the system.
b) Ensuring that the trigger is released, switch
ON the pressure washer. The unit is now ready
to operate by pulling the trigger.
Note: Do not fit lances when the power is on.
Fig 2
Fig 5
The motor only runs when the trigger is
When the pressure washer is not in use,
actuate the gun lock for safety reasons (Fig 7).
Switch the unit OFF when not in use for
extended periods of time.
Never operate the pressure washer without
the water supply connected and turned on.
Fig 7
Before starting cleaning remove any objects
which could create a hazard.
Ensure that all doors and windows are closed
(where appropriate).
The adjustable lance allows you to use a
variety of spray patterns from a fan to a pencil
jet (fig 8). When using the pressure
washer to clean decking, patios, vehicles, etc.,
always start by using the fan spray and
begin spraying from a minimum 30cm away
to avoid damaging the surface of the
material to be cleaned.
Fig 8
4. Fit the adjustable lance (11) into the lance extension (9) by pushing the adjustable lance into
the extension lance and locating the lugs at the same time, then turn clockwise to lock into
Fig 1
Helpful Hints
The spray is adjustable from a pencil jet
spray to fan spray by tuning the nozzle
shown (Fig 8).
WARNING: Do not adjust the nozzle while
the trigger is squeezed.
The pressure of the spray on the surface
you are cleaning increases as you move
the nozzle closer to the surface. We
recommend that for most cleaning
applications a 45o spray angle should be
used to avoid damaging the surface being
cleaned. Spraying directly head-on tends to
cause dirt particles to embed in the surface.
The turbo lance is a fixed nozzle, which
effectively increases the area of the high
pressure water jet and decreases the time
required to clean larger areas like patios.
The turbo nozzle provides a circular water
pattern as it sprays high-pressure water. The
spray pattern on this nozzle is not adjustable.
The circular spray action does heavy cleaning
in less time.
A turbo nozzle, sometimes referred to
Damage to cleaning surfaces occurs
as a rotary nozzle, is a very effective
because the impact force of the water
tool that can significantly reduce
exceeds the durability of the surface.
cleaning time. The turbo nozzle
Never use a narrow high impact stream
combines the power of a narrow high
or a turbo/ rotary nozzle on a surface
impact stream and the efficiency of a 25
that is susceptible to damage. Avoid
degree fan pattern. This swirls the
A clogged or partially clogged nozzle
spraying windows with a narrow high
narrow high impact stream into a cone
can cause a significant reduction of
impact stream or turbo nozzle as this
shape that cleans a larger area.
water coming out of the nozzle and
may cause breakage. The surest way
cause the unit to pulsate while spraying.
to avoid damaging surfaces is to follow
CAUTION: Since a turbo nozzle uses a
To clean out the nozzle:
these steps:
narrow high impact stream, only use it
The angle of spray coming out of the
lance may be adjusted on some lances
by rotating the nozzle. This will vary the
spray pattern from approximately a 0°
narrow high impact stream to a 60° wide
fan spray. (See Fig 9)
Fig 9
Fig 11
Figure 11 – Wide fan pattern
in applications where the cleaning
• Turn off and unplug the unit.
Figure 8 – Adjusting nozzle for fan pattern
(not applicable on some nozzle)
A narrow stream has high impact force
on the cleaning surface and results in
maximum deep cleaning in a
concentrated area. However, this
narrow high impact spray must be used
cautiously, as it may damage some
Fig 10
• Turn off the water supply and relieve
1. Before triggering the gun, adjust the
nozzle to a wide fan pattern.
any pressure within the unit by
surface cannot be damaged by a
narrow high impact spray. Note: The
2. Place the nozzle approximately 4-5
turbo nozzle is NOT adjustable and
• Separate the lance from the gun.
feet from and angled at 45 degrees
cannot be used to apply detergent.
• Rotate the nozzle to the narrow stream
to the cleaning surface and begin
squeezing the trigger 2-3 times
setting. This opens up the fan blades.
• Using the cleaning needle (12) or an
3. Vary the fan pattern spray angle and
unfolded paper clip, insert the needle
the distance to the cleaning surface
into the nozzle hole and move it back
until optimum cleaning efficiency is
and forth until the debris is dislodged
achieved without damaging the
(Fig 12).
Fig 12
Figure 10 – Narrow high impact stream
A wide fan pattern will distribute the
impact of the water over a larger area,
resulting in excellent cleaning action
with a reduced risk of surface damage.
Large surface areas can be cleaned
more quickly using a wide fan pattern.
Cleaning needle
• Remove additional debris by backflushing water through the nozzle.
To do this, place the end of a garden
hose (with water running) to the end of
the nozzle for 30-60 seconds.
Low/High Pressure Adjustable Lance
High Pressure Setting:
Please make sure the trigger is released and no water is coming out, then turn the
rear part of the spray nozzle anti-clockwise (Fig 13) to set to high pressure.
Low pressure Setting:
Please make sure the trigger is released and no water is coming out, then turn the
rear part of the spray nozzle clockwise (Fig 14) to set to low pressure.
CAUTION: Selection of high or low pressure must be carried out with the trigger off.
Fig 16
Fig 17
Fig 13
Fig 14
Add detergent to the container (Fig 16) and replace the cap. Pls note the minimum
level required, Set the adjustable lance at low pressure position (Fig 14).
Depress trigger to spray detergent.
The hose reel handle turns down for use and up for storage. To turn up the handle,
pull out and turn up (Fig 17).
The water inlet filter must be inspected regularly, so as to avoid blockage and
restriction in the water supply to the pump (Fig 15).
Fig 15
you achieve the most beneficial results
WARNING: Before reusing completely
The use of detergents can dramatically
in the shortest amount of time.
flush the unit out with plain water.
reduce cleaning time and assist in the
Remember to use the spraying/
1. Never operate the unit without water.
Anti-freeze can damage paintwork so
removal of difficult stains. Some
cleaning techniques previously listed.
2. This pressure washer is not
you must ensure there is no anti-freeze
detergents have been customized for
pressure washer use on specific
designed to pump hot water. Never
1. Surface preparation
cleaning tasks. These detergents are
It is important to prepare the surface
this will significantly reduce the life of
approximately as thick as water. The
that is to be cleaned. This is done
the pump.
use of thicker detergents, such as
by clearing the area of furniture and
washing-up liquid, will clog the chemical
making sure that all windows and
designed for pressure washers.
injection system and prevent the
doors are closed tight. In addition,
Other types of detergent may cause
application of the detergent.
you should make sure that all plants
internal damage to the unit, as might
3. Only use detergents specifically
and trees adjacent to the cleaning
chemicals such as bleach,
The cleaning power of detergents
area are protected by a drop cloth.
washing-up liquid, etc.
comes from applying them to a surface
This will ensure that your plants
and giving the chemicals time to break
won’t be sprayed by the detergents.
down the dirt and grime. Detergents
4. Never operate the unit for more than
one (1) minute without spraying
water. Otherwise, the resulting heat
work best when applied at low pressure.
2. Initial High Pressure Rinse
Follow this with a high pressure rinse for
The next step is to spray the
best cleaning results. On vertical
cleaning surface with water to clear
For storage during the winter months
surfaces, apply the detergent starting at
off any dirt or grime that may have
we recommend the use of a solution
the bottom and work your way upward.
collected on the surface. This will
of 50/50 mix of antifreeze and water.
This will prevent the detergent form
allow your detergent to attack the
This will keep the pump from
sliding down and causing streaks. High
deep down dirt that has worked its
freezing and getting damaged and
buildup will damage the pump.
5. Winter Storage:
pressure rinsing should also progress
way into the cleaning surface.
will protect the internal components.
from the bottom upwards. On
Before triggering the gun, adjust the
Method: You will need a length of
particularly tough stains it may be
nozzle to a wide fan pattern and
garden hose and a funnel. Attach the
necessary to use a brush in
slowly adjust to the desired spray
garden hose to the inlet and pour the
combination with detergents and high
pattern. This will help you avoid
antifreeze into the unit via the funnel.
pressure rinsing.
applying too much concentrated
Switch the unit on for a few seconds
spray to the surface which could
to allow the solution to flow through
cause damage.
the system. Disconnect your
The following cleaning procedure will
pressure washer from the mains
help you organize your cleaning task
power, then pack away in your
and ensure that
storage area.
left in the system before using it again.
connect it to the hot water supply –
Troubleshooting chart
Possible cause (s)
Corrective Action(s)
Pressure washer
does not start
1. Unit is pressurized
2. Poor plug connection or faulty
outlet socket
3. Extension cord too long or
4. Main voltage supply too low
1. Squeeze trigger on gun
2. Check plug, socket
Pump does not
reach necessary
1. Water inlet filter is clogged
2. Pump sucking air from hose
1. Clean water inlet filter
2. Check that connections
and locking ring are
properly tightened
1. Pump sucking in air
1. Check that hoses and
connections are tight
2. Clear blockage with cleaning
needle (see page 5)
2. Clogged nozzle
3. Remove extension cord
4. Check that main supply
voltage is adequate
Motor stops
1. Extension cord too long or
1. Remove extension cord
No detergent
1. Using high pressure setting
2. Not enough detergent
1. Use low pressure setting
2. Add detegent up to min level
Plug fitting
Note: If a moulded plug is fitted and has to be removed take great care in disposing of the plug
and severed cable, it must be destroyed to prevent engaging into a socket. If the supply cord is
damaged it must be replaced by a service agent or similarly qualified person if order to avoid
hazard. Your pressure washer is supplied with a fitted plug, however if you should need to fit a
new plug follow the instruction below. If in doubt consult a qualified electrician.
The wires in the mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following code:
Blue - Neutral Brown - Live
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this appliance may not correspond with the
coloured markings identifying the terminals
in your plug, proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured blue must be
connected to the terminal which is marked
13 AMP
with N or coloured black.
The wire which is coloured brown must be
connected to the terminal which is marked
with the letter L or coloured red.
No connection is to be made to the earth
terminal of the plug.
If a 13 AMP (BS 1363/A) plug is used,
a 13 AMP fuse must be fitted, or if any other
type of plug is used a 13 AMP fuse must be
fitted, either in the plug, or adaptor or on the
distribution board.
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