MicroStation Quick Start Guide

MicroStation Quick Start Guide
MicroStation V8i (SELECTseries 2)
DAA038970-1/0001
Trademark Notice
Bentley and the "B" Bentley logo are either registered or unregistered trademarks or service marks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All other marks are the property of their respective owners. Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2010, Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.
MicroStation Quick Start Guide
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
May-10
Table of Contents
Welcome to MicroStation _____________________________ 1
Launching MicroStation_________________________________1
Getting Oriented ______________________________________3
View windows _____________________________________4
Models___________________________________________4
Menus ___________________________________________5
Tools and tool icons ________________________________7
Drawing and Viewing ________________________________ 9
Placing Elements ______________________________________9
Snapping for precision ______________________________10
Working With Views ___________________________________12
Saving Your Work______________________________________14
Getting Help__________________________________________15
Basic MicroStation Workflow __________________________ 17
Using Tools and View Controls ___________________________17
Default tool _______________________________________17
Interrupting the selected tool to use a view control _______17
Tool settings ______________________________________20
Element Attributes ____________________________________20
As Easy as 1-2-3 — 4 ___________________________________23
1. Set the active element attributes ____________________23
2. Select the tool ___________________________________23
3. Adjust the tool settings ____________________________24
4. Follow the status bar prompts ______________________24
Settings of Other Types _________________________________26
Creating Printed Output and PDF Files _____________________29
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Manipulating and Modifying Elements __________________31
Manipulating Elements ________________________________
Moving elements __________________________________
Copying elements _________________________________
Working with multiple elements ______________________
Rotating elements _________________________________
Scaling elements __________________________________
Modifying Elements ___________________________________
Deleting Elements ____________________________________
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Placing Cells and Text ________________________________43
Placing Cells _________________________________________ 43
Placing Text__________________________________________ 45
Learning Paths ______________________________________51
Professional Training from The Bentley Institute ____________
OnDemand eLearning ______________________________
Live training ______________________________________
The MicroStation learning path_______________________
Key Concepts and Tools ________________________________
Design plane and working units_______________________
Levels ___________________________________________
Seed files and DGN libraries _________________________
Workspaces ______________________________________
AccuDraw ________________________________________
Snap modes ______________________________________
Hatching and patterning ____________________________
Measuring and dimensioning ________________________
Element templates_________________________________
References _______________________________________
Saved views ______________________________________
Composing drawings _______________________________
Link sets _________________________________________
3D modeling and visualization________________________
Design history ____________________________________
ProjectWise ______________________________________
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Index ______________________________________________73
Table of Contents
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Welcome to MicroStation
Launching MicroStation
You will begin by launching MicroStation and creating a MicroStation document
file, called a design file.
There are several ways to launch MicroStation. Here you will use the most
conventional way.

Exercise: Launch MicroStation
1
Click the Windows Start button.
2
Select All Programs > Bentley > MicroStation V8i (SELECTseries 2) >
MicroStation V8i (SELECTseries 2).
MicroStation launches and the File Open dialog appears.
In the lower right corner, if User and Project are not set to untitled as
shown, set them to untitled before continuing.
Eventually you may find that the easiest way to start your MicroStation session is
to double-click the design file with which you want to work. The standard
extension for design files is .dgn.
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Welcome to MicroStation
Launching MicroStation

Exercise: Create and open a design file
1
Continuing in the File Open dialog, click the New file icon.
2
In the New dialog, type the file name Quick Start.
There is no need to type the extension .dgn because it will be
automatically appended for you.
3
Click Save.
Back in the File Open dialog, your new file, Quick Start.dgn, is selected.
4
Click Open.
The file opens and you are presented with the default MicroStation
application window interface. The title bar displays the name of the open
file.
Welcome to MicroStation
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Getting Oriented
Getting Oriented
The first time you see the MicroStation application window, you may feel a little
overwhelmed. You need not be. Here we highlight the features most relevant for a
quick start.
Main toolbox
Main menu bar
View windows
Drawing tools
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Tool settings window
Primary Tools toolbox
Status bar
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Welcome to MicroStation
Getting Oriented
View windows
View windows are for working on drawings. You should now see two view
windows, View 1 and View 2. View 2 is mostly covered by View 1.
MicroStation allows you to open as many as eight views. The title bar of the active
view is highlighted.

Exercise: Open and close views
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, select Window > Views > 3 from the main
menu bar at the top of the application window.
This opens a third view window, View 3.
You can also open view windows using the numbered buttons in the View
Groups dialog, which is at the lower left of the application window.
2
Click the 8 button.
This opens View 8.
3
Click the 3 and 8 buttons to close those views.
Note: Closing all the view windows is not the same as closing the file.
What are the dots and orthogonal lines?
The dots and lines in View 1 comprise the grid, a drawing aid. Later you will use it
in an exercise. Its use is optional, as is its display.
Models
In the title bar of View 1, note the word “Default” to the right of the view number.
This indicates View 1 displays the model “Default”. A model is a separate working,
graphical space within a design file.
Design files can contain multiple models. They are equivalent to worksheets in
Excel. Think of a model as a separate design within a design file.
Every newly created design file contains a model named Default. You can change
its name and description.
Welcome to MicroStation
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Getting Oriented
Menus
The application window contains the main menu bar.
Some dialogs have menu bars as well. The exercises in this guide will use a few of
the most frequently used menu items.
One menu item you should learn about is Edit > Undo. This is the “fix my mistake”
command, critical to using MicroStation and just about any other application you
ever use.
•
Adjacent to the word “Undo” in the menu you will see a description of the
effect of selecting Undo at that moment, for example, Undo Place Line
•
You can undo multiple steps by selecting Undo multiple times
•
The keyboard shortcut for selecting Undo is Ctrl + Z
Contextual menus
MicroStation also has pop-up, contextual (right-click) menus. These menus
contain items that operate on the control or object at the pointer location.
The first time you click the right mouse button, MicroStation asks you whether
you want to access the contextual menus by pressing and holding the button or
by clicking it.
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Welcome to MicroStation
Getting Oriented

Exercise: Set the preference for the right mouse button
1
Click the right mouse button.
If this is the first time you have right-clicked in MicroStation, this will open
a special one-time dialog.
2
Click OK to accept the default, Click for Reset.
Note: If in this dialog you previously selected the Click option, do the
following:
Welcome to MicroStation
•
Select Workspace > Preferences.
•
In the Preferences dialog, select the category Input.
•
In the Reset Pop-up Menu drop-down menu, select Press and Hold.
•
Click OK.
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Getting Oriented
Tools and tool icons
Docked to the left edge of the application window are groupings of icons. Each of
these icons represents a MicroStation drawing tool.
As is typical for graphics applications, MicroStation is tool-driven. Should you
want to draw a circle, for example, you would use the Place Circle tool. To activate
that tool, you would click its icon, which, as you would expect, is a circle.
When you read in this guide, for example, “select the Place Circle tool,” the literal
meaning is “activate the Place Circle tool by clicking its icon.”
With these few critical preliminaries out of the way, you will next begin hands-on
learning.
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Welcome to MicroStation
Getting Oriented
Welcome to MicroStation
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Drawing and Viewing
Placing Elements
The objects one draws, or places, in a model, lines, polygons, arcs, circles, ellipses,
text, etc., are elements. The first element placement tool you will use is Place
Circle.

Exercise: Placing a circle
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, select the Place Circle tool from the tools
docked along the left side of the application window.
The status bar at the bottom of the application window displays the name
of the selected tool, Place Circle, the placement method, By Center, and
prompts you to “Identify center point.”
2
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Click in the left half of View 1 and drag in any direction. A circle will display
dynamically. When the circle is the desired size, stop dragging and release
the mouse button.
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Drawing and Viewing
Placing Elements
What did your actions instruct MicroStation to do?
•
When you started dragging, you positioned the center of the circle.
•
When you stopped dragging, you positioned the edge of the circle.
These two locations are called data points.
While dragging to enter data points is fast and easy for sketching, if precision is
required, the preferred technique is clicking to enter each data point. Try it. The
Place Circle tool is still active, so you can start by immediately entering the data
points.

Exercise: Placing a circle by clicking to enter the data points
1
Enter a data point to the right of the first circle to define the center of the
new circle. That is, position the pointer where you want the circle to be
centered, and then click the left mouse button.
2
Move the pointer away from the center and see that the circle is
dynamically displayed as it was when you dragged.
3
Enter a data point outside the first circle to define the edge of the new
circle.
Because the left mouse button is used in MicroStation to graphically enter data
points, it is called the Data button. The right mouse button is called the Reset
button. Its use will be illustrated in the next exercise.
Snapping for precision
MicroStation has the precision essential for engineering projects. The next
exercise will demonstrate AccuSnap, which helps you enter data points at precise
locations on existing elements.
Drawing and Viewing
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Placing Elements

Exercise: Placing a line connecting two circles
1
Select the Place SmartLine tool.
This tool can be used to place lines, arcs, line strings with connected
segments, and even polygons.
2
Move the pointer to the circle to the left near its three o’clock position.
The circle highlights and an “x” appears to mark three o’clock.
You are seeing AccuSnap at work.
3
While the “x” is displayed, click the Data button.
The data point snaps to three o’clock regardless of the exact pointer
location.
4
Move the pointer horizontally to the other circle.
The line is dynamically displayed as you move the pointer. As the pointer
nears the other circle, the circle highlights and an “x” marks nine o’clock. If
the line appears jagged because the circles are not horizontally aligned,
this is okay.
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Drawing and Viewing
Working With Views
5
Snap a data point to nine o’clock.
The Place SmartLine tool dynamically displays a new segment of what
would become a line string were you to continue. (If you are not satisfied
with the location of this data point, use Undo.)
6
Reset — click the Reset (right mouse) button.
This tells MicroStation you are done placing this element.
You use a reset to
•
End an operation
•
Back up a step during an operation
•
To reject the highlighted element and consider another during element
manipulation and modification operations
Working With Views
Tools that operate on views are called view controls to distinguish them from
drawing tools. The view control icons are in the view control bar, the toolbox at
the top of each view window.
In a moment we will illustrate how to use some view controls. First, though, you
will try out a pair of useful alternative methods of view control, zooming and
dynamic panning.
Note: These methods require the use of a mouse wheel. If you do not have a scrolling
mouse, skip the next two exercises.

Exercise: Zooming in and out
1
Drawing and Viewing
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, position the pointer in View 1.
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Working With Views
2
Roll the mouse wheel backward.
This zooms the view out and the degree of magnification decreases.
3
Roll the mouse wheel forward.
This zooms the view in.

Exercise: Dynamically panning
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, position the pointer in View 1.
2
Press the mouse wheel button and move the mouse.
You can combine these techniques to seamlessly switch between zooming and
panning. This takes some practice, though. You may at times zoom in too close,
zoom out too far, or dynamically pan too far in a certain direction and as a result,
find yourself lost.
The Fit View, View Previous, and View Next view controls can help you recover
from this situation.

Exercise: Fitting a view
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, in View 1’s view controls, select Fit View.
Now you can see all the elements in the model.
Fit View is still active. You can apply it to any or all open views without
reselecting it.
2
Enter a data point in View 2 to select that view as the target for a fit
operation.
3
Verify View 2 is now also a fitted view: Click its title bar to bring it to the
front, thereby making it the active view.
It is a good idea to practice with view controls for two or three minutes at the
beginning of a new session for your first few days using MicroStation.
View Previous and View Next are used to undo and redo view control operations.

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Exercise: Using View Previous/View Next
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, make View 1 the active view by clicking its
bottom border.
2
In View 1’s view controls, select View Previous.
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Drawing and Viewing
Saving Your Work
The previous view is restored.
3
Select View Next.
The fitted view is restored.
Saving Your Work
MicroStation is unusual in its approach to saving. By default MicroStation
automatically saves in the design file all changes to the active model — element
placements, manipulations, modifications, and deletions — as you make them.
However, MicroStation does not automatically save settings, including the view
configuration. You can manually save settings.
Exercise: Saving settings

1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, select File > C:\Documents and ... Quick
Start.dgn, in the history section of the File menu just above Exit.
This closes and reopens the file. When the file reopens, View 1 is no
longer a fitted view. Because you did not save settings, View 1 displays the
same area as the last time you opened the file.
2
Fit View 1.
3
Select File > Save Settings (or, press Ctrl + F, the shortcut).
The prompt in the status bar reads “Settings Saved”.
4
Close and reopen the file again.
When the file reopens, View 1 is fitted. In fact, all aspects of the view
configuration, including view status (open/closed), size, position, and
content, are restored.
Note: You can optionally set a preference (select Workspace > Preferences, then the
Operation category) to automatically save settings as you apply changes.
Drawing and Viewing
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Getting Help
Getting Help
Select Help > Contents to open the MicroStation help document. You can browse
topics, use the index, and perform keyword searches.
Help is context-sensitive: Pressing <F1> will open the help document directly to
the topic related to your current task.
You can optionally turn on the help Tracking feature to automatically display help
for each newly selected tool.

Exercise: Using help tracking
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, select Help > Tracking from the main menu
bar.
2
Select Help > Contents to open the help document.
The help window displays the table of contents.
3
Select the Place Circle tool.
The help window displays the relevant topic.
4
Select Place SmartLine.
Help continues to track your tool selection.
5
In the help window’s toolbar, select Home.
This returns to the table of contents.
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Turn off Help > Tracking.
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Drawing and Viewing
Getting Help
Drawing and Viewing
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
Using Tools and View Controls
Thus far you have been introduced to two MicroStation drawing tools, Place Circle
and Place SmartLine, plus some view controls. Shortly we will cover tool settings
and the interplay between drawing tools and view controls.
First, though, you will be introduced to the simple, yet fundamental, concept of
the default tool.
Default tool
One tool or another is selected, or active, at all times. The default selected tool is
Element Selection, which is used to select elements for manipulation or
modification. Element Selection is automatically selected when you open a design
file.
Interrupting the selected tool to use a view control
As you use tools, you will sometimes have a need to interrupt your drawing
operation to adjust the view contents. MicroStation helps you handle this
situation efficiently as you will see here while you place a square in one of your
circles.
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
Using Tools and View Controls

Exercise: Interrupting the Place Block tool to use the Window Area view
control
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn with View 1 as a fitted view, select the Place
Block tool.
This tool is used to place rectangles, including squares.
2
Snap a data point on the circle to the left midway between the nine o’clock
and twelve o’clock positions. AccuSnap will help you by highlighting the
circle when the pointer is near that midway keypoint.
3
Move the pointer down and to the right.
The status bar prompt reads “Enter opposite corner.” You will let AccuSnap
help you do that, but first you will get a better view of AccuSnap in action.
While you could zoom in, here you will try out another view control, one
that lets you define the area of the view by specifying corner points.
4
In View 1’s view controls, select Window Area.
The status bar reads “Window Area > Define first corner point”.
5
Enter a data point at or near the center of the circle.
The prompt now reads “Define opposite corner point”.
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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Using Tools and View Controls
6
Enter a data point to define the opposite corner point below and to the
right of the circle.
7
Reset (click the Reset, right, mouse button).
The reset returns you to Place Block. The square is once again dynamically
displayed, and the prompt reads as it did immediately before you selected
Window Area.
8
With the help of AccuSnap, snap to the circle midway between the three
o’clock and six o’clock positions and enter a data point.
9
Zoom Out to see the entire square.
As you have seen, a reset will return you to the previously selected tool
from a view control.
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
Element Attributes
Tool settings
You may have noticed a floating dialog whose title and contents change each time
you select a tool or view control. This dialog is the tool settings window.
Almost every MicroStation tool has settings. The tool settings window lets you
adjust the settings of the currently selected tool.
Some tools have multiple purposes and for those a setting specifies the purpose
for a given single use. For example, Place Block can be used to place orthogonal
and rotated blocks. The Method drop-down menu in the Place Block settings lets
you choose between the two.
Ordinarily upon selecting a tool you will adjust its settings before entering any
data points. However, some tool settings are not applicable until data points are
entered.
For example, while you use Place SmartLine, after you enter three or more data
points and then move the pointer near the location of the first data point, a check
box labeled Closed Element will appear in the tool settings window, enabling you
to place a polygon.
Element Attributes
All of the elements you have placed look the same. For one, they are all white in
color. Color is an element attribute.
•
The active color is the design file setting that determines the color of
elements when placed.
•
The active color was white when you placed those elements — and it still is.
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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Element Attributes
There are several element attributes:
•
color
•
line style
•
line weight
•
transparency
•
priority
•
level
•
fill type (applies only to closed elements, such as circles and shapes)
•
fill color (applies only to closed elements)
Each of the above attributes has an active setting, for example, the active line
weight.
Level fundamentally differs from the other attributes. Think of a level as a
transparent overlay. Levels can be displayed or hidden on a view by view basis. If,
for example, you were to turn off the display of the level named Doors in View 3,
all elements in View 3 residing on that level would not be visible in that view.
Note: If you are at a site with experienced MicroStation users, the administrator will
likely have implemented a logical level structure that facilitates the design
workflow. The level structure may specify level symbology (level-specific color,
line style, and line weight) so the appearance of elements is determined by
their level. Make sure you know the standards for level usage for projects to
which you are assigned.

May-10
Exercise: Setting active attributes for element placement
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, locate the Attributes toolbox near the
upper left corner of the application window, just below the File menu.
2
Select the Active Level drop-down menu. Note that the design file has only
one level, Default.
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
Element Attributes
3
In the Active Color drop-down menu, select yellow, color value 4.
4
In the Active Line Style drop-down menu, select 5, a dashed line style.
5
In the Active Line Weight drop-down menu, select 8, a line weight with
moderate thickness.
6
Use Place Block with AccuSnap to place a square in the circle to the right.
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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As Easy as 1-2-3 — 4
7
Compare the appearance of the new square with the one in the circle to
the left.
As Easy as 1-2-3 — 4
You have learned about data points and resets, tool settings, and element
attributes. Now put all this knowledge together to summarize the basic
MicroStation workflow.
1. Set the active element attributes
Although you can change the attributes of an element after you place it, it is
advisable to check, and, if necessary, adjust the active element attribute settings
first.
Skip this step if you are not placing an element or you are about to use a tool that
does not rely on element attributes.
2. Select the tool
All MicroStation tools and the toolboxes in which they reside are accessible
through the Tools menu. As you continue to learn, experiment with different tools
and use Undo as needed.
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
As Easy as 1-2-3 — 4
3. Adjust the tool settings
The help document contains descriptions of all tool settings. To open the help
document to the topic relevant to the selected tool, click in the tool settings
window and press <F1>.
4. Follow the status bar prompts
The prompts in the status bar tell you how to proceed from step to step.
You will know you are mastering a tool when you no longer need to read the
prompts.
This next exercise, in which you will be introduced to the Place Arc tool, takes you
through all four steps. Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, you will apply yellow
highlighting to the right half of the edge of the circle to the right.
•
First identify the center of the arc, which will be at the center of the circle.
•
Draw the arc starting at the top of the circle.

Exercise: Placing an arc
1
Set active element attributes: In the Attributes toolbox, in the Active Line
Style drop-down menu, select 0 (solid).
2
Select the tool: Place Arc
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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As Easy as 1-2-3 — 4
3
4
May-10
Adjust the tool settings:
•
In the tool settings, change the default Method — Start, Center — to
Center, Start.
•
Then change the default Direction — CCW (counterclockwise) — to
CW (clockwise).
Follow the prompts:
•
“Identify center point” — snap a data point to the center of the circle
to the right.
•
“Identify start of arc” — snap a data point to the top of the circle.
•
“Define arc sweep angle” — move the pointer in the clockwise
direction to the bottom of the circle and snap a data point there.
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
Settings of Other Types
Settings of Other Types
You have learned about tool settings, the view configuration, and the active
element attribute settings. You have also learned about using File > Save Settings.
There are numerous other types of settings in MicroStation, including
•
Element-specific active attribute settings such as those specific to dimension
or text elements
•
Working units and other design file settings
•
Level definitions
•
View attributes and level display settings
•
Configuration variables
•
User preferences
To delve deeply into these would take us beyond the realm of a quick start. As you
receive training and gain experience, you will learn which settings are most
important to your projects.
As an introduction, you will in the next series of exercises use the grid to place a
rectangular border in your model and adjust settings that control the effect of the
grid and its display.

Exercise: Controlling grid display
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, in View 1’s view controls, click the
downward pointing arrow to the right of the View Attributes icon.
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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Settings of Other Types
The View Attributes dialog appears.
2
In the Presentation section, click the Grid icon.
This turns off the display of the grid in View 1.
3
Click the icon again to turn the grid display back on.
4
Move the pointer away from the dialog.
The dialog disappears.
Thus far, you have not used the grid as a drawing aid — as you have entered data
points, the presence of the grid has not had an effect. Its effect is determined by a
design file setting, Grid Lock.

Exercise: Placing a rectangular border aligned to the grid
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn, turn on Settings > Locks > Grid.
This turns on Grid Lock.
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2
In the Attributes toolbox, set the active color to blue (color value 1), the
active line style to 4, and the active line weight to 0.
3
Use the Window Area view control to window an area containing only the
circle to the left.
4
Select the Place Block tool.
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Settings of Other Types
5
Position the pointer above and to the left of the circle but not on a grid
point.
6
Click the Data button.
Because Grid Lock is on, MicroStation positions the new data point not at
the location of the pointer but instead on the closest grid point. Grid Lock
locks newly entered data points to the grid. Its effect will be more
apparent in the next step.
7
Move the pointer down and to the right and notice how the lower right
corner of the dynamically displayed border jumps from one grid point to
the next.
8
Pan to the area below and to the right of the other circle, and position the
pointer there.
9
Enter a data point to define the opposite corner of the border and place
the border.
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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Creating Printed Output and PDF Files
10 Fit View 1 to see the model with its new border.
Note: As you become more experienced, you will likely find other drawing aids, such
as AccuSnap, which you have already used, and AccuDraw, to be more useful
than the grid.
Creating Printed Output and PDF Files
The steps to create a print, or PDF file, from MicroStation are as follows:
1
Open the Print dialog.
2
Define the print area.
3
Select a printer driver, either the Windows driver or a Bentley driver.
The Windows driver works best with typical desktop printers. Bentley
drivers are provided for use with plotters and for creating PDF files.
4
Set printing parameters, such as sheet size and scale.
5
Preview the print.
6
Click the Print icon to create output.
Setting printing parameters is the most difficult and time consuming part of the
process and this guide does not cover the details. Setting the print scale can be
particularly challenging. A printer’s units and design file working units are not
always the same.
Because you may not have an accessible printer, you will create a PDF of the
active model.
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Basic MicroStation Workflow
Creating Printed Output and PDF Files

Exercise: Creating a PDF
1
Continuing in Quick Start.dgn with View 1 as a fitted view, select File >
Print (or, press Ctrl + P, the shortcut).
The Print dialog appears. It contains a preview image of the output.
Under General Settings, the “print” area for the PDF is defined by the Area
and View settings, which are set to View and View 1, respectively. We will
leave these settings as is.
2
Under Printer and Paper Size, click the magnifying glass icon.
3
In the Select Printer Driver Configuration File dialog, select the Bentley
printer driver configuration file that is used to generate PDF output,
pdf.pltcfg, and click Open.
In the Print dialog, note that the Windows driver option menu selection
has changed to Bentley driver.
4
Set the following under Printer and Paper Size:
Paper: ISO A3
Orientation: Landscape
5
Click the Print icon.
6
In the Save Print As dialog, navigate to a location you will remember, and
edit the File name field to read Quick Start.pdf. Then click Save.
The PDF is created.
7
If Adobe Reader is installed on your system, open the PDF.
8
In MicroStation select File > Close to return to the File Open dialog.
Basic MicroStation Workflow
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Manipulating and Modifying
Elements
Existing elements often need to be modified. You may need to move or copy
them, or you may need to change their proportions. MicroStation has many tools
to help you manipulate and modify elements.
Manipulating Elements
The tools in the Manipulate toolbox are used to manipulate entire elements.
Moving elements
The Move tool is used to move elements from one location to another. After you
select the tool, you use one data point to select the element, and a second to
identify the new location.

Exercise: Moving an element
1
Continuing in the File Open dialog, set the following in the lower right
corner by clicking the arrows next to the options:
User: examples
Project: General
This puts you into a workspace, which is a custom configuration that is set
up by an administrator. By selecting a workspace, you customize
MicroStation for a specific purpose, seeing things you need and not those
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Manipulating and Modifying Elements
Manipulating Elements
you don’t. MicroStation is delivered with sample workspaces, and the
General project is one of these.
2
Select the file Learning.dgn.
3
Click Open.
4
Select File > Models, or select the Models tool in the Primary Tools toolbox
at the top of the MicroStation application window.
The Models dialog appears. It lists all of the models that are contained in
this design file.
5
Double-click the model named Move and Copy.
You see the geometry that’s in the model. Now you will select a
manipulation tool so you can move elements.
6
In the Main toolbox, near the top left of the application window, click the
third tool, Copy, and continue to press on it.
A pop-up menu containing a list of tools opens. You can select tools from
the list or open a toolbox containing all of them.
7
Move the pointer down and click Open ‘Manipulate’ as Toolbox.
You now see all the tools. You can move this toolbox around the screen or
dock it.
8
Select the second tool, Move.
Since you have not placed a fence, a grouping device, there are no tool
settings to set now. The status bar prompts you to identify the element
you want to move.
9
In the middle row of elements, move the pointer over the center of the
(red) circle in the second column so it highlights and you see an “x” in the
center.
Manipulating and Modifying Elements
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Manipulating Elements
10 With the help of AccuSnap, snap to the center of the circle and enter a
data point.
The circle is now attached to the pointer and the status bar prompts you
to enter a data point where you want to place the circle.
11 Move the pointer to the approximate center of the block, and then enter a
data point to place the circle.
Copying elements
The Copy tool requires one data point to select the element and a second one to
define both the distance and direction to copy. The Copies option in the tool
settings lets you specify how many copies to make. Using this method, one data
point will result in multiple copies. The following exercises show you how to copy
both ways.

Exercise: Copying an element
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Move and Copy model, select the first
tool in the Manipulate toolbox, Copy.
2
Snap to the center of the circle you just moved and enter a data point.
A copy of the circle is dynamically displayed at the pointer location.
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Manipulating and Modifying Elements
Manipulating Elements
3
Snap to one of the block’s corners and enter a data point.
The circle is copied to that corner, and a new copy is dynamically displayed
at the pointer location.
4
Snap to each of the other three corners, entering data points, to place
copies there.
5
Reset to end the operation.
Suppose you want to make multiple copies of these elements. In order to do that,
you must group the block and circles. You will use the Element Selection tool to
do this.
Working with multiple elements

Exercise: Make multiple copies of the elements
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Move and Copy model, click the first
tool in the Main toolbox, Element Selection.
2
Drag a rectangle around the elements.
They are highlighted, or, selected.
3
Select the Copy tool and, in the tool settings, type 2 into the Copies field.
The status bar prompts you to enter the first point.
4
Enter a data point on the selected elements.
This identifies where you want to “pick up” the elements.
Now the status bar prompts you to define where you want the copies.
Manipulating and Modifying Elements
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Manipulating Elements
5
Enter another data point to the right of the originals.
Two copies are created. When you create multiple copies like this, they are
spaced using the distance from the original element to the data point.
They are placed in the direction in which the data point is entered.
6
Reset to end the Copy operation.
The Element Selection is automatically reselected. It is the default selected
tool.
7
In the tool settings, click Clear to deselect the elements.
Several of the manipulation tools have the option to make copies. So, if you want
to rotate or scale an element and create copies at the same time, just check the
check box and type in the number of copies.
Rotating elements
The Rotate tool rotates one or more elements based upon options set in the tool
settings. For example, elements can be rotated about an active angle that you
select or type in, or rotated dynamically by two or three points.

May-10
Exercise: Rotating an element
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, select File > Models, or click the Models tool
in the Primary Tools toolbox.
2
In the Models dialog, double-click the model named Rotate.
3
In the Manipulate toolbox, select the fourth tool, Rotate.
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Manipulating and Modifying Elements
Manipulating Elements
4
Set the following tool settings:
Method: 2 points
The status bar prompts you to identify the element you want to rotate.
Note the elements in the top row. The annotation on the left shows you a
good point around which to pivot the element.
5
Enter a data point on the element SIK7, top row, second column, so it
highlights.
6
Snap to the pivot point on the highlighted element and enter a data point.
As you move the pointer, the element rotates dynamically.
7
Snap to the right end of the guide line on which the pivot point rests and
enter a data point.
You can use the Element Selection tool to select elements meeting search criteria
based on their attributes. Let’s use another selection method and another
rotation method together.

Exercise: Select elements and rotate by angle
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Rotate model, select the Element
Selection tool.
2
In the tool settings, click the Show Extended Settings arrow at the lower
right.
You see a series of tabs.
Manipulating and Modifying Elements
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Manipulating Elements
3
Select the Color tab.
Tabs in the second row are
Level, Color, Style, and Weight
You want to select the blades of the windmills whose color is yellow, or 4,
in the current color table.
4
In the tool settings, scroll to the list entry for color number 4 and select it.
The yellow windmill blades highlight. In the left column, you can see that it
is 45 degrees between the current blade location and the horizontal base.
Since you know the required angle, you can use it.
5
Select the Rotate tool and set the following tool settings:
Method: Active Angle
In the field below, type: 45 and press Tab
6
Move the pointer.
The blades are rotated, but they have moved away from the bases.
To keep an element you are working with relative to another element you
can use the About Element Center option when it appears in a tool’s
settings.
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Manipulating and Modifying Elements
Manipulating Elements
7
In the tool settings, turn on About Element Center.
The view updates to show the pending result of the operation.
8
Enter a data point to accept the rotation.
9
Reset to end the operation.
10 In the Element Selection tool settings, click Clear to deselect the elements.
Note: The blades on the left did not rotate because they are locked in place to
facilitate the matching exercise.
Scaling elements
The Scale tool scales selected elements by an active scale value, or interactively
when you enter data points. You can make a copy of the original element during
the process. You can scale an element around its center point or a specified base
point.

Exercise: Scaling an element
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, open the model named Scale.
2
Using Element Selection, select the trees in the second row, second
column.
Manipulating and Modifying Elements
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Modifying Elements
3
In the Manipulate toolbox, select the third tool, Scale.
Above the trees you can see that the necessary scale is 2, so you can use
the Active Scale option.
Think about the previous exercise and which other tool settings you need
to use to make the trees on the right look like those on the left.
4
Set the following tool settings:
Method: Active Scale
X Scale: 2
Y Scale: 2
About Element Center: on
5
Enter a data point.
6
Reset.
7
In the Element Selection tool settings, click Clear to deselect the elements.
There is a padlock icon to the right of the X Scale and Y Scale fields in the tool
settings. If the padlock is unlocked, or open, you can adjust the X Scale and Y Scale
factors independently of each other. When the padlock is locked, or closed,
adjusting one scale value will adjust the other when you press Tab. The padlock
can be locked and unlocked by clicking on it. Many tools have this option.
Modifying Elements
The Modify Element tool is an all-purpose modification tool that is used to change
the spatial coordinates of an element’s geometry. With this tool, you can do the
following.
May-10
•
Move the end of a line
•
Modify rounded segments of elements
•
Scale an arc while maintaining its sweep angle
•
Scale a block about the opposite vertex
•
Change a circle's radius
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Manipulating and Modifying Elements
Modifying Elements

Exercise: Modifying an element
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, open the model named Modify.
2
In the Main toolbox, click the seventh tool, Modify Element, and continue
to press on it.
3
Move the pointer down the pop-up menu and click Open ‘Modify’ as
Toolbox.
4
Select the first tool, Modify Element.
There are no tool settings yet. Once you identify an element for
modification, you will see tool settings appropriate for that element.
5
Snap to the top left vertex of the outer element, enter a a data point, and
then observe the tool settings.
You are preparing to round the vertex so that it remains orthogonal, at
right angles to the original. In the left column you can see that the
necessary rounding radius is 16.
6
Set the following tool settings:
Vertex Type: Rounded
Rounding Radius: 16
As you move the pointer, the modified element is dynamically displayed.
7
Snap to the top left vertex of the outer element and enter a data point.
The vertex becomes rounded.
8
Round the right vertex of the outer element using the same method.
Manipulating and Modifying Elements
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Deleting Elements
9
Round the vertices of the inner element using the same method and a
rounding radius of 8.
Deleting Elements
It is easy to delete entire elements. Use the Delete Element tool in the Main
toolbox. You can either
•
Select the elements to delete with Element Selection and then select Delete
Element
or
•
Select Delete Element first and then enter a data point on each of the
elements
With the Element Selection method, you can press the Delete key on the
keyboard instead of selecting Delete Element.
There are tools that are used to delete parts of elements. One such tool is Partial
Delete, also known as Delete Part of Element. Its operation varies depending
upon the type of element selected.
May-10
•
With open elements, the first data point identifies both the element and start
point for the partial delete. The second data point identifies the end of the
partial delete.
•
With closed elements, the first data point identifies the element and start of
the partial delete, while the second establishes the direction and end point of
the partial delete.

Exercise: Deleting parts of elements
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, open the model named Partial Delete.
2
In the Modify toolbox, select the second tool, Partial Delete.
3
Use the tool to partially delete the elements in the right column. Do not
worry about measurements for now, just use the tool.
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Manipulating and Modifying Elements
Deleting Elements
Manipulating and Modifying Elements
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Placing Cells and Text
Collections of elements that represent symbols or parts of a design can be
permanently grouped and stored for reuse. Annotations make models easier to
understand.
Placing Cells
In MicroStation, a group of elements that represents a symbol or part of a design
is called a cell. Cells are complex elements that group multiple elements
permanently. You can then place them in models without recreating the cell each
time.
A specific series of steps is required to use cells. First you must attach the cell
library in which the cells are saved, and then you can place the available cells.

Exercise: Attaching a cell library
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, open the model named Work with Existing
Elements.
2
Select Element > Cells.
This opens the Cell Library dialog which is used to attach cell libraries and
make cells active for placement.
3
In the Cell Library dialog’s File menu, select Attach File.
4
In the Attach Cell Library dialog, navigate to the \Bentley\MicroStation V8i
(SELECTseries)\WorkSpace\System\cell folder.
5
Select remodel.cel, and then click Open.
The cells in remodel.cel are listed in the Cell Library dialog. You can place
any of these cells using tools in the Cells toolbox.
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Placing Cells and Text
Placing Cells

Exercise: Placing cells
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Work with Existing Elements model,
Zoom In on the office at the upper left.
2
In the Cell Library dialog, select the cell named DESK.
Note the preview image in the box adjacent to the list of cells.
3
Click the Placement button.
This makes the selected cell active for placement.
4
Close the Cell Library dialog.
5
Select the Place Active Cell tool.
The DESK cell is already specified in the tool settings as the Active Cell.
6
Set the following tool settings:
Active Angle: 0
X and Y Scale: 0.005
7
Enter a data point in the office to place the cell.
8
In the tool settings, click the magnifying glass icon next to the Active Cell
field.
This reopens the Cell Library dialog.
9
Select the CHAIR2 cell, and then click the Placement button.
10 Close the Cell Library dialog.
Placing Cells and Text
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Placing Text
11 Place a chair at the desk.
12 In the tool settings, change the Active Angle to 90 and place a chair on the
right side of the desk.
13 Place a chair, at the correct angle, on the left side of the desk.
14 Reset.
Placing Text
MicroStation has a variety of tools with which you can annotate the geometry in
your models. As an element, text is unique in that it has two distinct sets of
attributes. There are element attributes, such as color, and text attributes, such as
font and justification. The active text attributes are tool settings for the text
placement tools
Justification for single-line text (above) and multi-line text (below). From left: Left Top, Center, and Right Bottom.
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Placing Cells and Text
Placing Text
The tools for working with text are in the Text toolbox.

Exercise: Placing text
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Work with Existing Elements model,
select the Place Text tool in the Text toolbox.
The Text Editor window appears.
2
Set the following tool settings:
Method: By Origin
Text Style: Arial Bold
Active Angle: 0
Height and Width: 0.4
Justification: Center Center
3
In the Text Editor window, type the following:
Desk
When you move the pointer, you can see that the text string is attached at
its center.
4
In the tool settings, change the Justification to Left Bottom.
Now the text string is attached to the pointer at that location.
5
Enter a data point on the desk to place the text.
6
Reset.
The text clears from the Text Editor.
7
Placing Cells and Text
In the tool settings, change the Active Angle to 90, type the word Chair
into the Text Editor, and then label the chair on the left side of the desk.
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Placing Text
8
Change the Active Angle and label the other chairs.
If you do not reset, the text remains in the Text Editor, ready for
placement.
9

Reset when you are done.
Placing text above an element
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Work with Existing Elements model,
with Place Text selected, type the word Wall into the Text Editor:
2
Change the following tool settings.
Method: Above Element
Active Angle: 0
Justification: Center Top
This time the text is not attached to the pointer.
3
Enter a data point on the line element that represents the wall separating
the upper and lower offices.
The wall and the pending placement of the text are highlighted
4
Enter a data point to accept the placement.
The text is placed right on the wall.
That looks unprofessional so you will undo and try again. For this next
attempt, you will adjust Line Spacing in the tool settings to create some
space between the text and the wall.
May-10
5
Select Edit > Undo, or press Ctrl + Z.
6
In the tool settings, change Line Spacing to 0.5.
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Placing Cells and Text
Placing Text
7
Enter a data point on the wall.
That looks better.
8
Enter a data point to accept the placement.
You can use the Fitted placement method to fit text into a space.

Exercise: Fitting text
1
Continuing in Learning.dgn, in the Work with Existing Elements model,
with Place Text selected, type the word Insulation into the Text Editor.
2
Also in the Text Editor, click the I icon so that the text will be italicized.
You can change font, bold, italics, and underline text attributes in the Text
Editor.
3
Change the following tool settings:
Method: Fitted
Justification: Center Center
The Active Angle, Height, and Width controls in the tool settings are now
unavailable.
4
Enter a data point between the walls on the right side of the office.
5
Move the pointer in the downward direction.
The text is dynamically displayed.
Placing Cells and Text
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Placing Text
May-10
6
When the text fits between the walls, enter a data point to place it.
7
Reset.
8
Select File > Close.
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Placing Cells and Text
Placing Text
Placing Cells and Text
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Learning Paths
You have finished the exercises in this guide! Congratulations on making it to this
point.
Are you ready to begin working on projects with MicroStation? Probably not. This
guide covers only a small subset of MicroStation concepts and tools, and the
examples are rather simplistic.
The information provided in this chapter will help you decide how to proceed:
•
You will learn about paths you can take toward productivity with MicroStation
•
You will be introduced to additional concepts and tools that are likely to be
critical to your understanding and productivity
Professional Training from The Bentley Institute
The Bentley Institute offers professional training for users who want to master
MicroStation and other Bentley software products. It is a global learning
community that educates and sustains current and future generations of
infrastructure professionals.
The following types of training are offered by the Bentley Institute:
May-10
•
OnDemand eLearning
•
LIVE training
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
Learning Paths
Professional Training from The Bentley Institute
OnDemand eLearning
OnDemand eLearning delivery options include:
•
more than 1,100 video lectures
•
hands-on courses totaling more than 7,300 hours of learning
LIVE training
Live hands-on training is delivered by Bentley experts in regularly scheduled
courses. Delivery options include:
•
Virtual classroom — improve your skills online while eliminating trainingrelated travel time and cost
•
Local classroom — receive instruction in a traditional classroom setting
The MicroStation learning path
The MicroStation learning path is the Bentley Institute’s recommended
progression of professional development for infrastructure professionals who use
MicroStation products. Browse to http://www.bentley.com/LearningPaths and
follow the link to the MicroStation learning path.
From there you can follow links to register for course offerings.
Your first step along the MicroStation learning path will be either the MicroStation
Essentials course or the MicroStation for AutoCAD Users course.
MicroStation Essentials
Designed for a new MicroStation user without previous CAD experience, this
course teaches the concepts, tools, and features of the MicroStation drawing
environment.
Learning Paths
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Key Concepts and Tools
By implementing a typical workflow, students learn to create a drawing, plot, and
solve real-world design problems from across the various engineering disciplines.
MicroStation for AutoCAD Users
Designed for an experienced AutoCAD user who wants to transition existing
AutoCAD knowledge to MicroStation skills, this course demonstrates how
MicroStation handles familiar AutoCAD operations and gives parallel references.
Subjects covered include
•
setting up a new design file
•
incorporating existing data from non-MicroStation CAD products
•
plotting and other output considerations, including PDF creation
Key Concepts and Tools
Regardless of whether you are ready to pursue training, the exercises in this guide
hopefully have made you curious enough to want to continue to explore
MicroStation on your own.
In the sections that follow, key concepts and tools to which you should direct your
attention are identified. You will learn where to find these “gems” among
MicroStation’s many toolboxes, menus, and dialogs. In each case we identify
relevant topics in the MicroStation help document and provide navigation paths
to those topics. (For brevity reference topics for individual dialogs are not listed;
to get help while you use a particular dialog, press <F1>.)
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Design plane and working units
During the exercises you placed, manipulated, and modified elements in a view
window. But what were you drawing on?
The MicroStation equivalent of a sheet of drafting paper is the design plane.
Unlike a sheet of drafting paper, however, the design plane is extremely large,
letting you draw your models at full scale. Working units are real-world units to
which the design plane is configured.
Creating a model without consideration for units is not really modeling at all but
merely drawing. Make sure you define the working units in a newly created design
file before you place any elements.
In MicroStation
•
Design File Settings dialog (Settings > Design File), Working Units category
Design plane and working units help topics:
•
Learning Paths
Getting Started > Fundamentals > Preparing to Draw
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Key Concepts and Tools
Levels
In the exercises you were introduced to the concept of levels and the active level.
Their importance cannot be understated. Levels are the primary means of
imposing order in models created using MicroStation. Recall that the display of
elements residing on particular levels can be turned on and off so you can see
only the information you want to see.
In MicroStation
•
Active Level control in the Attributes toolbox, which is docked to the top of
the application window by default
•
Level Manager dialog (click the Level Manager icon in the Primary Tools
toolbox, which is docked to the top of the application window by default)
•
Level Display dialog (click the Level Display icon in the Primary Tools toolbox)
Levels help topics
May-10
•
Getting Started > Levels
•
Setting Up Projects > The Level System
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Seed files and DGN libraries
If you are thinking that setting up working units and a level structure for a design
project are not tasks for MicroStation novices, you are correct. MicroStation
provides two mechanisms that enable administrators to set up and share working
units, level structures, and other design file settings and resources — seed files
and DGN libraries.
•
A new design file is created by copying an existing seed file, which serves as a
template. A seed file contains preset values such as initial element
parameters, dimensionality (2D or 3D), working units settings, and perhaps
some initial design elements. An example of the latter would be a seed file
containing your company’s sheet border and title block.
Your CAD manager or project leader probably has customized seed files for
your use. This will make it easier for you to adhere to required project
parameters.
•
A DGN library is a file used to store shared resources such as levels, cells, and
text styles. It is itself a design file but with the extension .dgnlib instead of
.dgn. Here again your CAD manager of project leader probably has customized
DGN libraries for your use and will tell you how to configure MicroStation to
use the resources they contain.
In MicroStation
Learning Paths
•
New dialog (File > New), Seed field and adjacent Browse button
•
Dialogs used to create and maintain resources typically stored in DGN
libraries. Most of these dialogs are opened from the Element menu.
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Key Concepts and Tools
•
Configuration dialog (Workspace > Configuration), Primary Search Paths and
Seed Files categories
Seed files and DGN libraries help topics:
May-10
•
Getting Started > Fundamentals > Working with DGN Files
•
Getting Started > Fundamentals > Models > Creating Models
•
Setting Up Projects > Workspaces > Workspace Configuration > Seed Files
Configuration Variables
•
Setting Up Projects > Building DGN Libraries
•
Setting Up Projects > Workspaces > Workspace Configuration > Primary
Search Paths Configuration Variables
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Workspaces
A workspace is a custom MicroStation configuration that is set up by an
administrator. By selecting a workspace, you customize MicroStation for a specific
discipline, project, or task.
MicroStation is delivered with a sample workspace containing example files,
which show many MicroStation features. When a workspace is active, the files
and tools you need to perform specific design work are available. Tools that are
not necessary are removed from the interface.
In MicroStation
•
File Open dialog (File > Close)
•
About Workspace window (Workspace > About Workspace)
•
Preferences dialog (Workspace > Preferences)
•
Configuration dialog (Workspace > Configuration)
•
Customize dialog (Workspace > Customize)
Workspaces help topics
Learning Paths
•
Setting Up Projects > Workspaces > Workspace Fundamentals
•
Setting Up Projects > Workspaces > Workspace Configuration
•
Setting Up Projects > Workspaces > Customizing the User Interface
•
Getting Started > Fundamentals > User Preferences
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Key Concepts and Tools
AccuDraw
AccuDraw is the most sophisticated precision drawing aid in MicroStation. It helps
you produce complex geometry quickly.
AccuDraw evaluates the current pointer location, the previously entered data
point, the last coordinate directive, the currently selected tool's needs, and any
directive entered via shortcut key-ins or AccuDraw options. AccuDraw then
generates the appropriate precision coordinates and applies them to the selected
tool.
AccuDraw is active by default. You may have noticed the AccuDraw compass
during the exercises. However, you did not actually use AccuDraw.
The compass is one of AccuDraw’s two components. The other is the AccuDraw
window.
In MicroStation
•
AccuDraw window (docked by default to the bottom of the application
window)
AccuDraw window and the AccuDraw compass in rectangular mode
•
AccuDraw Settings dialog (Settings > AccuDraw)
AccuDraw help topics:
•
May-10
AccuSnap and AccuDraw > Working with AccuDraw
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Snap modes
During the exercises you made frequent use of AccuSnap to snap data points to
elements. The Keypoint snap mode was active, which enabled you to snap to key
points on elements like the ends of a line or the center of a circle.
While Keypoint snap mode is the most frequently used snap mode, there are
others; Nearest, Midpoint, Center, Origin, Bisector, and Intersection.
For example, Origin snap mode is used to snap to the origin of an element, which
is the location of the first data point entered when the element was placed. Think
about the names of the other modes and you probably will understand why each
exists.
In MicroStation
•
Snap mode icon in the status bar
•
Snap Mode button bar (click the snap mode icon and select Button Bar from
the pop-up menu)
•
AccuSnap Settings dialog (Settings > Snaps > AccuSnap)
Snap modes help topics:
•
Learning Paths
AccuSnap and AccuDraw > Using AccuSnap > AccuSnap and Snap Mode
Settings
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Key Concepts and Tools
Hatching and patterning
In models it is sometimes necessary to designate specific areas, identify
components, or denote elevations. You can use the patterning and hatching tools
for this.
•
Patterning adds material and texture to a closed area to help express a role or
function. For example, architectural wall sections might show insulation or
concrete, while areas on maps may show marshes or woods.
•
Hatching is simpler — it is the repetitive placement of lines in a closed area at
a specific angle and spacing.
There are two types of sources for patterns:
•
cells in a DGN library or cell library
•
AutoCAD pattern files
The Pattern Area tool tiles the selected source pattern in the identified closed
area.
In MicroStation
•
Patterning toolbox
Hatching and patterning help topics:
•
May-10
Creating Drawing Elements > Using Cells > Hatching and Patterning
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Measuring and dimensioning
The Measuring tools in MicroStation enable you to measure distance, area,
length, radius, and angle. Measurements are given in the model’s working units.
Measuring is useful as a drawing aid and for checking the integrity of a model.
While measuring tools provide you, the modeler, with information, dimensioning
tools show measurement information to viewers of the model as annotations
called, appropriately enough, dimensions.
If your project leader or CAD manager has defined dimension styles in a DGN
library, you will be able to easily place dimensions in a consistent manner.
In MicroStation
•
Measure toolbox
•
Dimensions toolbox
•
Dimension Styles dialog (Element > Dimension Styles)
Measuring and dimensioning help topics:
Learning Paths
•
Creating Drawing Elements > Drawing Aids > Measure toolbox
•
Composing Designs > Dimensioning
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Key Concepts and Tools
Element templates
An element template is a named set of element properties. Setting the active
element template changes the active element attribute settings to the properties
defined in the template.
Once an administrator defines element templates in a shared DGN library, you can
apply them to existing elements or use them to create elements.
Optionally you can link the active template to elements as they are placed so that
if the template definition is subsequently changed, the elements’ attributes will
automatically update to reflect the new definition.
In MicroStation
•
Active Element Template control in the Attributes toolbox, which is docked by
default to the top of the application window
•
Element Templates dialog (Element > Element Templates)
Element templates help topics:
May-10
•
Creating Drawing Elements > Setting the Active Element Attributes > Other
Element Attributes > Element template
•
Setting Up Projects > Building DGN Libraries > Element Templates in DGN
Libraries
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
References
A reference is a model that is displayed with the active model as a background or
part of a drawing composition. References let you look at the information they
contain, but you can not modify them. What they do allow you is to snap to or
copy their elements.
The process of associating and displaying a reference with the active model is
known as attaching the reference. You can attach as many references as you need.
In MicroStation
•
References dialog (click the References icon in the Primary Tools toolbox,
which is docked by default to the top of the application window)
References help topics:
Learning Paths
•
Getting Started > References
•
Managing References and Raster Images > Attaching References
•
Managing References and Raster Images > Working with Attached References
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Key Concepts and Tools
Saved views
A saved view is a named view definition saved in a DGN file for later recall or for
attaching to another model as a reference. The process of recalling a saved view
and displaying it in a view window is know as attaching the saved view.
In MicroStation
•
Saved Views dialog (click the Saved Views icon in the Primary Tools toolbox,
which is docked by default to the top of the application window)
Saved views help topics:
•
May-10
Getting Started > Viewing Designs > Using Saved Views
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Composing drawings
Although references and saved views are useful tools for drawing and
collaboration, they play an even more prominent role in the drawing composition
workflow.
Assuming the models in your design are not 3D models, the drawing composition
workflow is as follows:
1
Create saved views of the models.
2
Create a Drawing model and attach the saved views to it as references.
3
Derive Sheet models, each of which contains a finished drawing sheet
ready for publication, from the Drawing model.
With 3D modeling, the workflow is more complicated due to the need to produce
elevation and section views. This requires the preliminary step of creating a
design composition, a collection of references at full scale (1:1). You can create
dynamic views to automate many of the steps.
In MicroStation
•
Learning Paths
Drawing Composition workflow and its component tool groupings, which are
called tasks (in the Tasks dialog which is docked by default to the left edge of
the application window, click the Drawing Composition tab)
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Key Concepts and Tools
•
Saved Views dialog
•
References dialog
•
Clip Volume toolbox (the Apply Clip Volume tool is accessible from the Create
Views task, a component of the Drawing Composition workflow)
•
Detailing Symbols toolbox (accessible from the Annotate task, a component of
the Drawing Composition workflow)
•
Define Sheet Boundary tool (accessible from the Sheet Composition task, a
component of the Drawing Composition workflow)
•
Create Dynamic View dialog (turn on Create Dynamic View in tool settings for
detailing symbol tools, the Create Saved View tool, or the Apply Clip Volume
tool)
Composing drawings help topics:
May-10
•
Composing Drawings > Drawing Composition Workflow
•
Managing References and Raster Images > Attaching References > Attaching
References Using Views and Named Fences
•
Setting Up Projects > Creating Sheet Models for Drawing Production
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Link sets
Link sets make it easier to manage and access the components of a complicated
design project.
A link set consists of links to design files, models, references, and saved views. You
can also create links to supporting documentation such as Microsoft Word
documents, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets, and PDFs. Within a link set, links can be
organized into a hierarchy of folders.
Link sets are ordinarily stored in DGN libraries so they can be shared among
groups of collaborators.
The Project Explorer dialog is used to navigate link sets.
In MicroStation
•
Project Explorer dialog (File > Project Explorer)
•
Link Sets dialog (click the Link Set icon in the Project Explorer dialog)
Link sets help topics:
Setting Up Projects > Link Sets
Learning Paths
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Key Concepts and Tools
3D modeling and visualization
Once you master 2D modeling in MicroStation, you may want to learn 3D
modeling. These are the primary benefits of working in 3D:
•
You can more easily generate drawings that illustrate plans, elevations,
sections, and details.
•
You can use visualization tools to produce realistic color images of your
designs, even animated sequences. These types of presentations are often not
only more impressive to clients than traditional mock-ups and artist’s
drawings but more cost-effective as well, particularly where there are
frequent revisions.
The 3D tool set in MicroStation include surface modeling, mesh modeling, and
solids modeling tools. Among the latter are Feature Modeling tools that let you
create parametric feature-based solids.
In MicroStation
Open a 3D sample design file such as 3D-Surfaces.dgn. The file will open with the
model named Index active. Then activate one of the other models.
At that point you will be able to select:
•
•
3D tools — these tools are grouped in the following tasks, each of which you
can access by clicking their tab in the Tasks dialog. The Tasks dialog is docked
by default to the left edge of the application window.
•
Solids Modeling
•
Surface Modeling
•
Mesh Modeling
•
Feature Modeling
•
Visualization
•
Animation
Additional view controls, specific to 3D modeling, in the view control bar.
These view controls include Walk, Fly, Navigate View, and Change View
Perspective.
3D modeling and visualization help topics:
May-10
•
3D Design and Modeling > Understanding 3D
•
Working With Complete Designs > Visualization
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Design history
The ability to track and view incremental changes to models and to restore a
model to a prior state can be quite useful in managing the design process.
MicroStation provides a revision control system for these purposes called design
history.
Changes can be tracked down to the element level. You can restore elements to a
prior state through a combination of undoing and redoing historic changes.
In MicroStation
•
Design History toolbox (Tools > Change Tracking > Design History > Open as
ToolBox)
•
Utilities > Design History submenu
Design history help topics:
•
Learning Paths
Setting Up Projects > Design History
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Key Concepts and Tools
ProjectWise
ProjectWise is an engineering project team collaboration system. Although
ProjectWise is a separate product, you should be aware of it as it is tightly
integrated with MicroStation and it helps teams improve quality, increase
productivity, reduce rework, and meet project deadlines.
An entry-level collaboration tool named ProjectWise StartPoint is also available. It
is based on Microsoft Office SharePoint technologies and designed for small
teams, working on small projects. The ProjectWise StartPoint client software is
delivered with MicroStation. The help document is PWStartPoint.chm and it is
installed in the ..\Bentley\Documentation folder.
ProjectWise product information on the Web:
May-10
•
ProjectWise Project Team Collaboration Products home page
http://www.bentley.com/ProjectWise
•
ProjectWise StartPoint product home page
http://www.bentley.com/en-us/products/projectwise%20startpoint/
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Learning Paths
Key Concepts and Tools
Learning Paths
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Index
Numerics
3D modeling 69
3D-Surfaces.dgn 69
A
AccuDraw 29, 59
AccuSnap 10, 60
active
angle 44
color 21
element priority 21
element template 63
element transparency 21
fill color 21
fill type 21
level 21, 55
line style 21
line weight 21
scale 39
active angle 46
Adobe Reader 30
angle 44, 46
measuring 62
animating 69
annotating 45, 62, 67
application window 3
arcs 24
area
crosshatching 61
hatching 61
measuring 62
patterning 61
attaching
references 64
saved views 65
views 65
attributes
elements. See element
attributes
text. See also text 45
text. See text
toolbox 21
view 26
AutoCAD 53
May-10
B
Bentley Institute 51
learning path 52
MicroStation Essentials 52
MicroStation for AutoCAD
Users 53
bisector snap 60
blocks 18
corner 34
snapping to corner 34
borders 27
boundaries 67
C
cells
active 44
for patterning 61
pattern 61
center snap 60
change tracking 70
circles 9
center 32
snapping to center 32
clip volumes 67
collaboration 64, 71
color 21
active 21
fill 21
configuration variables 26
context-sensitive help 15
contextual menus 5
preferences 6
copying
elements 33
creating
design files 2, 56
crosshatching 61
cross-sections 66
D
data points 10
locked to grid 27
snapping 10
default tool 17
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
deleting
elements 41
parts of elements 41
design files 2
3D-Surfaces.dgn 69
creating 2, 56
examples 58
Learning.dgn 32, 43
new 2, 56
opening 2, 58
sample 58
saving 14
seed 56
settings 26, 54
design history 70
design plane 54
detailing symbols 67
details 69
DGN
files. See design files
libraries. See DGN libraries
DGN libraries 56, 62, 63, 68
dialogs
About Workspace
window 58
AccuDraw Settings 59
AccuDraw window 59
AccuSnap Settings 60
Configuration 57, 58
Create Dynamic Views 67
Customize 58
Design File Settings 54
Design History 70
Element Templates 63
File Open 2, 58
Level Display 55
Level Manager 55
menu bars in 5
New 56
preferences 6
Print 29
Project Explorer 68
References 64
Save Print As 30
Saved Views 65
Select Printer Driver
Configuration File 30
Snap Mode button bar 60
Index
Index
dialogs (continued)
Tasks 66, 69
Text Editor window 46
tool settings window 20, 24
View Groups 4
dimensioning 26, 62
styles 62
dimensions 26, 62
distance
measuring 62
documents 68
drawing aids
AccuDraw 29, 59
grid 4, 26
measuring 62
snapping 10
drawing tools. See tools
drawings
composing 66
dynamically panning 13
E
Edit menu
Undo 5
eLearning 52
element attributes 20
color 21
fill color 21
fill type 21
level 21, 55
line style 21
line weight 21
priority 21
set with element
templates 63
setting 21, 23
style 21
transparency 21
weight 21
Element menu 56
Element Templates 63
Element Selection tool 17, 34,
35, 38
elements
arcs 24
attributes. See element
attributes
cells. See cells
circles 9
closed 21
color 21
copying 33
delete parts of 41
deleting 41
dimensions 26, 62
fill color 21
fill type 21
levels 21, 55
line style 21
line weight 21
lines 10
Index
manipulating 31, 34
modifying 39
moving 31
multiple 34
partially deleting 41
placing 9
placing text above 47
properties 63
restoring 70
rotating 35
scaling 38
selecting 34, 35, 38
shape 18
templates 63
text. See text
elevations 66, 69
example files 58
F
feature modeling 69
File menu
Project Explorer 68
Save Settings 14
files. See design files, DGN
libraries
fill
color 21
type 21
fitting 13
text 48
fonts 45
G
grid 4, 26
H
hatching 61
help 15
context-sensitive 15
tracking 15
Help menu
Contents 15
I
icons 7
intersection snap 60
J
justification 45
K
keypoint snap 60
L
launching 1
learning path 52
Learning.dgn 32, 43
length
measuring 62
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
levels 21, 55
active 21
display 26
line style
active 21
line weight
active 21
lines
placing 10
style. See line style
weight. See line weight
link sets 68
locks
grid 27
M
main menu bar. See menus,
menu bar
Main toolbox 32
Manipulate toolbox 32
measuring 62
menu bar 5
main 5
menus 5
contextual. See contextual
menus
right-click. See contextual
menus
mesh modeling 69
Microsoft Office SharePoint 71
Microsoft Windows
printer driver 29
Microsoft Word documents 68
MicroStation Essentials 52
MicroStation Excel
spreadsheets 68
MicroStation for AutoCAD
Users 53
midpoint snap 60
mock-ups 69
models 4, 66
attaching references to 64
Default model 4
drawing 66
Index 69
Modify 40
Move and Copy 32
Partial Delete 41
read-only 64
Rotate 35
Scale 38
Work with Existing
Elements 43
Modify toolbox 40
modifying
elements 39
mouse
buttons 6
moving
elements 31
May-10
Index
N
nearest snap 60
O
online help. See help
opening
design files 2, 58
origin snap 60
output 29
P
panning 13
paths
search 57
patterning 61
PDFs 29, 68
printer driver 30
perspective 69
Place Active Cell tool 44
Place Block tool 18
settings 20
Place SmartLine tool 10
settings 20
placing
arcs 24
blocks 18
circles 9
elements 9
lines 10
rectangles 18
shapes 18
squares 18
text 46
plans 69
plotter 29
plotting 29
precision input
AccuDraw 29, 59
snapping 10
preferences 26
automatically save
settings 14
Reset Pop-up Menu 6
press and hold 6
primary search paths 57
Primary Tools toolbox 32, 64,
65
printer drivers 29
Bentley 29
Windows 29
printing 29
priority 21
Project Explorer 68
ProjectWise 71
StartPoint 71
prompts 24
properties 63
publishing 66
May-10
R
radius
measuring 62
read-only 64
rectangles 18
redo 70
references 64, 66
attaching 64
rendering 69
reset 19
button 6
pop-up menus. See
contextual menus
revision control 70
right-click menus. See
contextual menus
rotating
elements 35
S
sample files 58
saved views 65, 66
creating 67
saving
design file 14
settings 14
views. See saved views
scale
active 39
full 66
print 29
scaling
elements 38
search paths 57
sections 66, 69
seed files 56
selecting
elements 34, 35, 38
tools 23
settings
active color 21
active element
attributes 21, 23
active element priority 21
active element
transparency 21
active fill color 21
active fill type 21
active level 21
active line style 21
active line weight 21
configuration variables 26
design file 26
dimension attribute 26
element attributes 21, 23
grid display 26
Grid Lock 27
preferences. See
preferences
saving 14
templates 63
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Copyright © 2010 Bentley Systems, Incorporated
text attribute 26
tool 20, 24
units 26
user preferences. See
preferences
working units 26
Settings menu
AccuDraw 59
Design File 54
Snaps > AccuSnap 60
shapes 18
SharePoint 71
sheets 66
boundary 67
SmartLine 10
see also lines
snapping 10
modes 60
to center of circle 32
to corner of blocks 34
to vertices 40
solids modeling 69
spreadsheets 68
squares 18
starting 1
StartPoint 71
status bar 24, 60
surface modeling 69
symbols
detailing 67
T
tasks 66
Annonate 67
Create Views 67
Drawing Composition
(workflow) 66
Sheet Composition 67
templates
element 63
text 26, 45
above 47
attributes 45
editing 46
fitting 48
font 45
height 46
justification 45
origin 46
placing 46
styles 46
width 46
toolboxes 23
Attributes 21, 55, 63
Clip Volume 67
Design History 70
Detailing Symbols 67
Dimensions 62
Main 32
Manipulate 32
Measure 62
Index
Index
toolboxes (continued)
Modify 40
Patterning 61
Primary Tools 32, 64, 65
tools 7
Apply Clip Volume 67
collaboration 71
Copy 33, 34
Create Saved View 67
default tool 17
Define Sheet Boundary 67
Delete Element 41
Delete Part of Element 41
Element Selection 34, 35,
38
feature modeling 69
grouped in tasks 66
interrupting operation 17
mesh modeling 69
Modify Element 39
Move 32
Partial Delete 41
Pattern Area 61
Place Active Cell 44
Place Block 17, 20
Place SmartLine 20
Place Text 46
resuming operation 17
Rotate 35
Scale 38
selecting 23
settings 20, 24
solids modeling 69
surface modeling 69
tracking selection 15
Tools menu 23
Change Tracking > Design
History 70
tracking 15
training 51
transparency 21
U
undo 5, 13, 70
units
working 26, 54
user preferences. See
preferences
Utilities menu
Design History 70
V
vertices
snapping to 40
view controls 12
Change View Perspective 69
Fly (3D) 69
interrupting tools to use 17
Navigate View (3D) 69
undo 13
Walk (3D) 69
Window Area 18
view windows. See views
views
attaching saved 65
attributes 26
closing 4
controls. See view controls
creating 67
elevation 66
fitting 13
flying in (3D) 69
grid display in 26
navigating (3D) 69
next 13
opening 4
panning 13
perspective (3D) 69
previous 13
recalling 65
saved. See saved views
section 66
walking in (3D) 69
windowing area 18
zooming 12
visualizing 69
volumes
clip 67
W
Window Area 18
windows
About Workspace 58
AccuDraw 59
Microsoft. See Microsoft
Windows
Text Editor 46
tool settings 20
view. See views
workflows
Drawing Composition 66
working units 26, 54
Workspace menu
About Workspace 58
Configuration 57, 58
Customize 58
Preferences 6, 58
workspaces 58
Z
zooming 12
Index
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May-10