K404, K405 and K422 Reference Manual

400 Series
(K404, K405, K422)
Digital Indicator
Reference Manual
Copyright
All Rights Reserved. No part of this document may be copied,
reproduced, republished, uploaded, posted, transmitted, distributed,
stored in or introduced into a retrieval system in any form, or by any
means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise) whatsoever without prior written permission of Rinstrum
Pty Ltd.
Disclaimer
Rinstrum Pty Ltd reserves the right to make changes to the
products contained in this manual in order to improve
design,
performance or reliability.
The information in this manual is believed to be accurate in all
respects at the time of publication, but is subject to change without
notice. Rinstrum Pty Ltd assumes no responsibility for any errors or
omissions and disclaims responsibility for any consequences
resulting from the use of the information provided herein.
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 6
1.1.
Overview .................................................................................................................... 6
1.2.
The Manuals Set ........................................................................................................ 7
1.3.
Document Conventions .............................................................................................. 7
1.4.
Software Comparison K404, K405 and K422 ............................................................. 7
SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................. 8
INSTALLATION ..................................................................................................................... 9
3.1.
Introduction ................................................................................................................ 9
3.2.
General Warnings ...................................................................................................... 9
3.3.
Electrical Safety.......................................................................................................... 9
3.4.
Cleaning ..................................................................................................................... 9
3.5.
Panel Mount Template ............................................................................................... 9
3.6.
Cable Connections ..................................................................................................... 9
3.7.
DC Power (DC PWR + , DC PWR –) ....................................................................... 10
3.8.
Load Cell Connection ............................................................................................... 10
3.8.1.
Load Cell Signals and Scale Build ............................................................ 10
3.8.2.
4-Wire Connection.................................................................................... 10
3.8.3.
6-Wire Connection.................................................................................... 11
3.9.
Auxiliary Connections ............................................................................................... 11
3.9.1.
RS-232 Serial ........................................................................................... 12
3.9.2.
RS-485 Serial ........................................................................................... 14
3.10. Optical Communications........................................................................................... 14
3.11. Connecting Shields .................................................................................................. 15
3.11.1. Cable Shield Connection and Earthing ..................................................... 16
3.12. Regulatory Sealing Requirements ............................................................................ 16
3.13. Accessory Module connection .................................................................................. 17
SETUP MENUS ................................................................................................................... 18
4.1.
Accessing Setup Menus ........................................................................................... 18
4.1.1.
Setup Display Prompts ............................................................................. 19
4.2.
Exiting Full or Safe Setup ......................................................................................... 19
4.3.
Menu Navigation ...................................................................................................... 19
4.4.
Changing Data ......................................................................................................... 20
4.5.
Numeric Entry .......................................................................................................... 20
4.6.
Selections and Options............................................................................................. 21
4.7.
Strings ...................................................................................................................... 21
4.7.1.
Normal String Editing................................................................................ 21
4.7.2.
Numerical String Editing ........................................................................... 22
4.7.3.
ASCII String Editing .................................................................................. 22
4.8.
IP Addresses ............................................................................................................ 22
BASIC OPERATION............................................................................................................ 23
5.1.
User Interface Display and Controls ......................................................................... 23
5.1.1.
Overview .................................................................................................. 23
5.1.2.
Display ..................................................................................................... 24
5.1.3.
Primary Annunciators ............................................................................... 24
5.1.4.
Keypad ..................................................................................................... 25
5.2.
Operation Keys......................................................................................................... 26
5.2.1.
Turn Instrument ON - Short press <Power> ............................................. 26
5.2.2.
Turn Instrument OFF - Long press <Power> ............................................ 26
5.2.3.
Additional Power Information .................................................................... 26
5.3.
Zero Key................................................................................................................... 26
5.4.
Tare Key................................................................................................................... 27
5.4.1.
Setting Preset Tare on a Permanent Truck ID .......................................... 27
5.4.2.
Setting Preset Tare on a Temporary Truck ID .......................................... 27
5.4.3.
Gross/Net Key .......................................................................................... 28
5.5.
Truck Key ................................................................................................................. 28
5.5.1.
Truck Key to enter an ID........................................................................... 28
5.5.2.
Truck Key to select a Truck ID ................................................................. 28
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5.6.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Print Key................................................................................................................... 29
5.6.1.
PRINT (K404) ........................................................................................... 29
5.6.2.
PRINT (K405 and K422) ........................................................................... 29
5.7.
Function Key 3 - Programmable ............................................................................... 29
5.8.
Clock ........................................................................................................................ 31
5.9.
Report ...................................................................................................................... 31
5.10. Total ......................................................................................................................... 32
5.11. User ID ..................................................................................................................... 32
5.12. Target....................................................................................................................... 33
5.13. Lock ......................................................................................................................... 33
5.14. Alibi .......................................................................................................................... 34
5.14.1. Switching to Alibi Mode............................................................................. 34
5.14.2. Returning from Alibi Mode ........................................................................ 34
5.14.3. Viewing DSD records in Alibi mode .......................................................... 34
5.15. Acc ........................................................................................................................... 35
5.16. Stability Considerations ............................................................................................ 35
SELECT/ADD/DELETE TRUCK IDS ................................................................................... 36
6.1.1.
Select a Truck ID - Short Press of Up and Down keys ............................. 36
6.1.2.
Add a Permanent Truck ID - Long Press of the Up Key (Add) .................. 36
6.1.3.
Add a Temporary Truck ID – Truck Key ................................................... 36
6.1.4.
Delete a Truck ID - Long Press of the Down Key (Del) ............................. 37
6.1.5.
Edit a Truck ID - Long Press of the OK Key (Edit) .................................... 37
SPECIAL FUNCTIONS AND EXTERNAL KEYS ................................................................. 38
7.1.
Overview .................................................................................................................. 38
7.2.
NONE ....................................................................................................................... 38
7.3.
SINGLE .................................................................................................................... 38
7.4.
TEST ........................................................................................................................ 38
7.5.
UNITS ...................................................................................................................... 39
7.6.
HOLD ....................................................................................................................... 40
7.7.
HI.RES ..................................................................................................................... 40
7.8.
SC.EXIT ................................................................................................................... 41
TRUCK WEIGHING OPERATION-STATIC (K404) ............................................................. 42
8.1.
Static Truck Weighing Summary .............................................................................. 42
8.1.1.
Weighing in .............................................................................................. 42
8.1.2.
Weighing out with preset tare ................................................................... 42
8.1.3.
Weighing out with first weight ................................................................... 42
8.2.
Print Current Weight of Truck ................................................................................... 43
8.3.
Single Pass - Permanent Truck ID with Preset Tare ................................................ 43
8.4.
Single Pass - Temporary ID (Operator Entered) with a Preset Tare ......................... 44
8.5.
Single Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated with a Preset Tare ....................... 44
8.6.
Two Pass ................................................................................................................. 45
8.7.
Two Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated........................................................ 45
TRUCK WEIGHING OPERATION-STATIC AXLE (K405) ................................................... 46
9.1.
Print Current Weight of Truck ................................................................................... 46
9.2.
Single Pass - Permanent Truck ID with Preset Tare ................................................ 46
9.3.
Single Pass - Temporary ID (Operator Entered) with a Preset Tare ......................... 47
9.4.
Single Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated with a Preset Tare ....................... 47
9.5.
Two Pass ................................................................................................................. 48
9.6.
Two Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated........................................................ 48
TRUCK WEIGHING OPERATION-DYNAMIC AXLE (K422) ............................................... 49
10.1. Print Current Weight of Truck ................................................................................... 49
10.2. Single Pass - Permanent Truck ID with Preset Tare ................................................ 49
10.3. Single Pass - Temporary ID (Operator Entered) with a Preset Tare ......................... 50
10.4. Single Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated with a Preset Tare ....................... 50
10.5. Two Pass ................................................................................................................. 51
10.6. Two Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated........................................................ 51
CONFIGURATION............................................................................................................... 52
11.1. General Setup Information ....................................................................................... 52
11.2. Correct Loadcell Selection ........................................................................................ 52
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11.3.
11.4.
11.5.
11.6.
12.
Filtering Techniques ................................................................................................. 52
Industrial vs Trade Modes ........................................................................................ 53
Calibration Counter .................................................................................................. 53
Passcodes................................................................................................................ 53
11.6.1. Full Setup Passcode................................................................................. 54
11.6.2. Safe Setup Passcode ............................................................................... 54
11.6.3. Operator Passcode .................................................................................. 54
11.6.4. Setup Lock-Out ........................................................................................ 54
SETUP MENUS ................................................................................................................... 55
12.1. GEN.OPT (General options)..................................................................................... 55
12.1.1. LANG (Operator language) ...................................................................... 55
12.1.2. DATE.F (Date format) .............................................................................. 55
12.1.3. PCODE (Security passcodes) .................................................................. 55
12.1.4. KEY.LOC (Key Function Access Control) ................................................. 56
12.1.5. DISP (Display options) ............................................................................. 56
12.1.6. ID.NAME (User Defined Strings) .............................................................. 57
12.1.7. POWER (Power options) .......................................................................... 57
12.1.8. STR.EDT (String Edit Mode) .................................................................... 57
12.1.9. USR.DEF (Set all non-calibration settings to defaults).............................. 57
12.2. H.WARE (Hardware Configuration & Test) ............................................................... 59
12.2.1. ALLOC (Allocation Report) ....................................................................... 59
12.2.2. LC.HW ..................................................................................................... 59
12.2.3. SER1.HW, SER2.HW............................................................................... 60
12.2.4. ETH.HW ................................................................................................... 61
12.2.5. ETH.DEF (Set the M4221 Ethernet module to defaults) ........................... 61
12.2.6. IO.HW ...................................................................................................... 62
12.2.7. DSD.HW................................................................................................... 62
12.3. SCALE (Loadcell options and calibration) ................................................................ 63
12.3.1. BUILD (Scale parameters) ....................................................................... 63
12.3.2. OPTION (Scale options) ........................................................................... 64
12.3.3. CAL (Scale calibration) ............................................................................. 65
12.3.4. QA (QA alarm).......................................................................................... 65
12.4. FUNC (Special functions) ......................................................................................... 66
12.4.1. NUM (Number of special functions) .......................................................... 66
12.4.2. SFn: TYPE (Function Types) .................................................................... 66
12.4.3. SFn: KEY (Function Key / Remote Input) ................................................. 67
12.4.4. SFn: PRINT (Printing Functions) .............................................................. 67
12.4.5. SFn: SINGLE (Single Serial Output Functions) ........................................ 68
12.4.6. SFn: BLANK (Blanking Functions) ............................................................ 68
12.4.7. SFn: UNITS (Unit Switching Functions) .................................................... 69
12.4.8. SFn: HOLD ............................................................................................... 69
12.4.9. SFn: REM.KEY (Remote Key Functions) .................................................. 70
12.4.10. SFn: REPORT (Report Printing Functions) .............................................. 70
12.4.11. SFn: HI.RES (High Resolution) ................................................................ 70
12.4.12. SFn: SC.EXIT (Scale Exit) ........................................................................ 71
12.4.13. SFn: TRUCK (Truck selection) ................................................................. 71
12.5. SER.NET.................................................................................................................. 72
12.6. SER.AUT (Automatic transmit) ................................................................................. 73
12.6.1. NUM (Number of Automatic Transmissions)............................................. 73
12.6.2. AUTO.n (Automatic Output Configuration) ............................................... 73
12.7. PRINT (Printouts) ..................................................................................................... 74
12.7.1. NUM (Number of printouts) ...................................................................... 74
12.7.2. HEADER (Print header) ............................................................................ 74
12.7.3. FOOTER (Print footer) ............................................................................. 74
12.7.4. PAGE (Print page options ........................................................................ 74
12.7.5. SPACE (Print blank space options) .......................................................... 75
12.7.6. PRINT.n … (Printout options) ................................................................... 75
12.8. SETP (Setpoints)...................................................................................................... 77
12.8.1. NUM (Number of setpoints) ...................................................................... 77
12.8.2. SETP1 … SETP8 (Setpoint options) ........................................................ 77
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
12.9. AXLE (K405) ............................................................................................................ 79
12.9.1. MIN.WGT (Minimum weight) .................................................................... 79
12.9.2. IDLE (Idle time) ........................................................................................ 79
12.10. AXLE (K422) ............................................................................................................ 80
12.10.1. MIN.WGT (Minimum weight) .................................................................... 80
12.10.2. HYS (Hysteresis) ...................................................................................... 80
12.10.3. WINDOW (Window size) .......................................................................... 80
12.10.4. MIN.TIM (Minimum time) .......................................................................... 80
12.10.5. IDLE (Idle time) ........................................................................................ 80
12.10.6. OFFSET (Window offset) ......................................................................... 80
12.10.7. ED (Dynamic reading count-by) ................................................................ 81
12.10.8. MODE (Capture mode) ............................................................................. 81
12.10.9. IN.STRT (Capture start input) ................................................................... 81
12.10.10. IN.END (End capture input) ...................................................................... 81
12.10.11. GROUP (Axle group time) ........................................................................ 81
12.10.12. DYN.SCL (Dynamic reading scaling factor) .............................................. 81
12.10.13. I/LOCK (Truck weighing interlock) ............................................................ 82
12.10.14. IL.TIME (Truck weighing interlock time) ................................................... 82
12.11. End (Save and exit) .................................................................................................. 82
CALIBRATION .................................................................................................................... 83
13.1. Performing a Digital Calibration with Test Weights ................................................... 83
13.1.1. ZERO (Zero Calibration Routine).............................................................. 84
13.1.2. SPAN (Span Calibration Routine) ............................................................. 85
13.2. Performing a Calibration with Direct mV/V Entry ...................................................... 85
13.2.1. DIR.ZER (Direct Zero Calibration Entry) ................................................... 85
13.2.2. DIR.SPN (Direct Span Calibration Entry) .................................................. 85
13.3. Using Linearisation ................................................................................................... 87
13.3.1. ED.LIN (Edit Linearisation Points) ............................................................ 88
13.3.2. CLR.LIN (Clear Linearisation) ................................................................... 88
13.4. Calibration Errors ..................................................................................................... 89
NETWORK COMMUNICATIONS ........................................................................................ 90
14.1. Introduction .............................................................................................................. 90
14.2. Network Protocol B................................................................................................... 90
14.2.1. Basic Message Format ............................................................................. 90
14.2.2. Termination .............................................................................................. 91
14.2.3. Error Handling .......................................................................................... 92
14.2.4. Ring Network Enhancement ..................................................................... 92
14.2.5. Calibrating an instrument over a network ................................................. 92
14.3. Network Protocol SIMPLE ........................................................................................ 93
14.4. Network Protocol BARCODE.................................................................................... 94
14.4.1. Protocol B Examples ................................................................................ 95
AUTOMATIC WEIGHT OUTPUT ......................................................................................... 97
15.1. Overview .................................................................................................................. 97
15.2. Auto Weight Format String ....................................................................................... 97
PRINTING ........................................................................................................................... 99
16.1. Overview .................................................................................................................. 99
16.2. Print ID ..................................................................................................................... 99
16.3. Docket printouts ....................................................................................................... 99
16.3.1. Docket Formats ........................................................................................ 99
16.3.2. Custom Docket Events ........................................................................... 102
16.4. Report printouts ...................................................................................................... 103
16.5. Custom Printing ...................................................................................................... 103
16.5.1. Page Tokens .......................................................................................... 105
SETPOINTS ...................................................................................................................... 106
17.1. Overview ................................................................................................................ 106
17.2. Outputs .................................................................................................................. 106
17.3. Common Settings ................................................................................................... 106
17.4. Weigh in (OVER) Setpoints and Weigh Out (UNDER) Setpoints ........................... 107
17.4.1. Additional Settings .................................................................................. 107
17.5. Status Based Setpoint Types ................................................................................. 108
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004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
17.6. Logic Setpoint Types .............................................................................................. 108
17.7. Scale Entry/Exit Setpoint Types ............................................................................. 110
APPENDIX 1: DIMENSIONS ............................................................................................. 111
18.1. Trade Label ............................................................................................................ 113
18.2. Lead Seals ............................................................................................................. 113
18.2.1. Destructible Sticker Seals ....................................................................... 113
18.2.2. Electronic Seal ....................................................................................... 113
APPENDIX 2: PRINT AND AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION TOKENS ............................... 114
19.1. ASCII codes ........................................................................................................... 114
19.2. Use of Characters in the Extended ASCII table ...................................................... 114
19.3. Tokens ................................................................................................................... 115
19.3.1. Non-paged generic tokens ..................................................................... 115
19.3.2. Page tokens ........................................................................................... 115
19.3.3. Page 0, 1, 2, 3, 7 tokens: Weight Information ....................................... 116
19.3.4. Page 4, 5, 6 tokens: Product Information: .............................................. 117
19.3.5. Page 8 tokens: Miscellaneous weight data ............................................. 117
19.3.6. Page 10 tokens: Default print strings: .................................................... 118
19.3.7. Format tokens ........................................................................................ 119
APPENDIX 3: COMMUNICATIONS REGISTERS ............................................................. 121
APPENDIX 4: SETUP MENU QUICK REFERENCE ......................................................... 130
APPENDIX 5: ERROR MESSAGES.................................................................................. 133
22.1. Overview ................................................................................................................ 133
22.2. Weighing Errors ..................................................................................................... 133
22.3. Axle Weighing Errors (K405 and K422) .................................................................. 133
22.4. Setup Errors ........................................................................................................... 134
22.5. Diagnostic Errors .................................................................................................... 134
APPENDIX 6: M4221 ETHERNET MODULE .................................................................... 136
23.1. Overview ................................................................................................................ 136
23.2. Network Configuration ............................................................................................ 136
23.3. Viewing the Current Configuration .......................................................................... 136
23.4. Services ................................................................................................................. 136
23.4.1. TCP Sockets .......................................................................................... 136
23.4.2. Web Interface ......................................................................................... 136
APPENDIX 7: M4501 DSD MODULE ................................................................................ 137
24.1. Overview ................................................................................................................ 137
24.2. Writing records ....................................................................................................... 137
24.3. Reading records ..................................................................................................... 137
GLOSSARY....................................................................................................................... 138
25.1. Glossary of Terms .................................................................................................. 138
25.2. List of Figures......................................................................................................... 139
25.3. List of Tables .......................................................................................................... 139
INDEX ............................................................................................................................... 140
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
1. Introduction
1.1.
Overview
This precision digital indicator uses the latest Sigma-Delta A/D technology to ensure
fast and accurate weight readings. The setup and calibration of the instrument are
digital, with a non-volatile security store for all setup parameters.
It may be operated from either a DC power source (12VDC to 24VDC) or AC power
(optional 110 – 240 VAC). There is a soft power on/off function that retains memory
of its state. Once an instrument is turned on it will automatically start up again if the
external power is interrupted.
Optical communications is fitted standard and allows for a temporary isolated
communications link to be established with a PC. Software upgrades, the use of
computerised setup and calibration can then be done using a PC. Refer to Optical
Communications page 14 for more information.
Figure 1: Weight Indicator
The instrument provides zero, tare, gross/net, truck and print on the fixed function
keys and supports special functions (eg. printing, unit switching, etc.), via user
definable function key and external inputs. Operator functions (clock, report etc)
and editing functions are provided on the alpha/numeric key pad. It is equipped
with an NVRAM store to ensure day-to-day operating settings (eg. ZERO, TARE,
CLOCK, etc.) are retained when power is removed.
The RS-232 communications port can be used for printer driving, connection to a
remote display or PC. The transmit only RS-485 communications port can be used
for remote displays. There is a built-in clock for date-stamping printed outputs.
The instrument can support different software applications depending on the
functionality required.
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004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
1.2.
The Manuals Set
This manual is part of a set of manuals covering the setup and operation of the
instrument. The set includes the following:
 Reference Manual - Contains detailed information on calibration and setup. This
manual is intended for use by Scale Technicians who are installing the instrument.
 Operator Manual - Aimed at the operator of the instrument, and covers the day-today operation of the instrument.
 Quick Start Manual - Intended for Scale Technicians who are familiar with the
instrument and simply need a quick reference to menu options and connection
diagrams, etc.
1.3.
Document Conventions
The following document conventions (typographical) are used throughout this
Reference Manual.
Bold Text Bold text denotes words and phrases to note.
<Key>
^

<Key> denotes a Keypad key.
Note: In the Specifications section the < symbol means less than
and the > symbol means greater than.
This symbol denotes one space when describing serial output
formats.
Items marked with  indicate that the setting is available only in Full
Setup and is trade critical. When trade critical settings are changed
the calibration counter is incremented.
Table 1: Document Conventions
1.4.
Software Comparison K404, K405 and K422
The table below only lists the features that vary between each version of the K404,
K405, and K422 software.
Feature
Static Axle weighing
Dynamic Axle weighing
Print key
Automatic print event
K404
K405

Print the
weight
Use print key to skip
the idle time
Drive over stopping
for each axle –
reading will print on
no motion
K422


Use print key to
skip the idle time
Drive completely
over scale
Table 2: Software comparison
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2. Specifications
Performance
Resolution
Zero Cancellation
Span Adjustment
Stability/Drift
Excitation
A/D Type
Operating
Environment
Digital
Display
Setup and
Calibration
Digital Filter
Zero Range
Power Input
Standard Power
Input
Variants AC
M4101
Features
Optical Data
Communications
Correction
Serial Outputs
Assignable function
key
Battery Backed
Clock Calendar
Approvals
Up to 100,000 divisions, minimum of 0.25V/division
+/- 2.0mV/V
0.1mV/V to 3.0mV/V
Zero: < 0.1V/C (+ 8ppm of deadload max)
Span < 8 ppm/C, Linearity < 20ppm, Noise < 0.2Vp-p
7.4 volts for up to 16 x 350 or 32 x 700 ohm load cells (4-wire or
6-wire plus shield)
Maximum total load cell resistance: 1,000 ohms
24bit Sigma Delta with ±8,388,608 internal counts
Temperature: –10 to +50C ambient
Humidity: <90% non-condensing
Storage: –20 to +50C ambient
ABS - IP65 when panel mounted or with rear boot
Stainless Steel – IP66 when panel mounted or with rear boot
LCD with 4 alpha-numeric displays and LED backlighting:
 Primary display: 6 x 28.4mm high digits with units and
annunciators
 2nd display: 9 x 17.6 mm digits with units
 3rd display: 8 x 6. 1mm digits
 4th display: 4 x 7.6 mm digits
Full digital with visual prompting in plain messages
Sliding window average from 0.1 to 30.0 seconds
Adjustable from +/- 2% to +/- 20% of full capacity
12 to 24VDC (15 VA max) - ON/OFF key with memory feature
Input: 110/240VAC 50/60Hz
Output: 12VDC 15VA
Magnetically coupled optical communications support. Optional
conversion cable connects directly to a standard RS-232 port.
10 point linearity correction
RS-232 serial port for remote display, network or printer supports.
RS-485 transmit only for remote display
Transmission rate: 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 or 57600
baud
Printing, unit switching, manual hold, and totalising
Battery life 10 years minimum
FCC, CE, C-tick
Check trade approvals
Table 3: Instrument specifications
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
3. Installation
3.1.







3.2.





3.3.



3.4.

3.5.
Introduction
The following steps are required to set up the indicator.
Inspect indicator to ensure good condition.
Use connection diagrams to wire up load cell, power and auxiliary cables as
required.
Insert any accessory modules that are being used.
Use the drill hole template provided for hole locations.
Connect Power to indicator and press <POWER> key to turn the instrument On.
Refer to the Setup Menus section on page 55 for information on configuring the
instrument.
To turn instrument OFF press and hold <POWER> key for three seconds (until
display blanks).
General Warnings
Indicator not to be subject to shock, excessive vibration or extremes of temperature
(before or after installation).
Inputs are protected against electrical interference, but excessive levels of electromagnetic radiation and RFI may affect the accuracy and stability.
The instrument should be installed away from any sources of excessive electrical
noise.
The load cell cable is particularly sensitive to electrical noise and should be located
well away from any power or switching circuits.
For full EMC or for RFI immunity, termination of cable shields and correct earthing
of the instrument is essential.
Electrical Safety
For your protection all mains electrical hardware must be rated for environmental
conditions of use.
Pluggable equipment must be installed near an easily accessible power socket
outlet.
To avoid the possibility of electric shock or damage to the instrument, always switch
off or isolate the instrument from the power supply before maintenance is carried
out.
Cleaning
To maintain the instrument, never use harsh abrasive cleaners or solvents. Wipe
the instrument with a soft cloth slightly dampened with warm soapy water.
Panel Mount Template
The panel mount template is supplied with the instrument. It shows the location of
the rectangular cut-out and the four mounting screws.
3.6.
Cable Connections
All cable connections are made to the rear of the instrument using pluggable screw
terminals. It is not necessary to tin the ends of the wires with solder or to add crimp
ferrules to the wires, however, these techniques are compatible with the terminals.
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Figure 2: Cable Connections
3.7.
DC Power (DC PWR + , DC PWR –)
The DC supply need not be regulated, provided that it is free of excessive electrical
noise and sudden transients. The instrument can be operated from a high quality
plug-pack as long as there is sufficient capacity to drive both it and the load cells.
3.8.
Load Cell Connection
3.8.1. Load Cell Signals and Scale Build
Very low output scale bases may be used but may induce some instability in the
weight readings when used with higher resolutions. Generally speaking, the higher
the output, or the lower the number of divisions, the greater the display stability and
accuracy.
The instrument can display the milliVolt-per-Volt reading which can be used to
check scale base signal output levels. For more information, refer to Scale Test
Display page 59.
The instrument may be connected for either 4-wire or 6–wire operation. Use 4-wire
when external SENSE connections are not available.
3.8.2. 4-Wire Connection
The minimum connectivity requirements are the connection of four wires (i.e.
±Excitation and ±Signal). Internally the instrument has a precision analog switch
that can be used to connect the Sense+ and Sense– lines directly to the
Excitation+ and Excitation– lines.
Any addition to the load cell manufacturer's cable length using 4-wire connection is
only recommended for short cable runs. Where long additions to cable lengths are
needed, a 6-wire extension is required.
The BUILD:CABLE option must be set to 4-WIRE to allow for 4-wire connection.
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Figure 3: 4-Wire Connections
3.8.3. 6-Wire Connection
The excitation and signal lines are connected the same as for a 4-wire installation.
The extra two wires (Sense + and –) should be connected to the Excitation + and –
lines as close as possible to the load cell itself. Typically these connections are
made in a load cell termination box.
The BUILD:CABLE option must be set to 6-WIRE to allow for true 6-wire
connection.
Figure 4: Loadcell Connections
3.9.
Auxiliary Connections
This section provides diagrams to illustrate the communication connections.
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3.9.1. RS-232 Serial

Direct Personal Computer Link (RX, TX, GND)
Figure 5: RS-232 - Instrument to PC using COM Port (DB9)

Printer Connections (TX, DTR and GND)
Figure 6: RS-232 – Instrument to Printer (DB25)

Remote Display (TXD, GND)
Refer to documentation supplied with the Remote Display for connection
details. Connect RX on the Remote Display with TX on the instrument and
connect the RS232 GND signals together.

Ring Networks: Multiple Instruments to PC (RXD, TXD, GND)
Instruments with software revision V2.31+ can be configured in a Ring Network
via a M42xx module (software revision 1.01+). This feature is not available on
the inbuilt serial port. This also requires an enhancement in the PC software.
The Short Ring Network layout (Figure 7) can be used in situations up to a total
cable run length of about 150 m (500 ft) at 9600 baud in a clean EMC
environment. If there are communications errors, or for longer cable runs, lower
the baud rate to 4800 or 2400, and/or use the Long Ring Network in Figure 8,
which uses a separate return path from the ‘Last Instrument’ to the PC.
For DB25 connections at the PC connector, refer to Figure 6.
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When operating in a Ring Network, the Instruments must have:

same serial port options, i.e., baud, parity, data bits, stop bits;

unique addresses.
Figure 7: RS-232 Short Cable Runs (Ring Network using COM Port)
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Figure 8: RS-232 Long Cable Runs (Ring Network using COM Port)
3.9.2. RS-485 Serial

Remote Display (TA, TB)
RS485 is recommended for communicating over distances longer than a few
metres. Connect TA to RA and TB to RB on the remote display.
3.10. Optical Communications
A temporary infrared communications link can be established between the
instrument and a PC using an optional cable. This connection can be used to
transfer setup and calibration information from a PC or to download software
upgrades.
The PC end of the cable is a standard female DB9 RS232 connector. The
instrument end of the cable attaches to the left side of the instrument display.
WARNING
The optical coupling head contains a strong magnet and should not be placed
near any magnetic storage media (eg. credit cards, floppy disks etc.)
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Figure 9: Optical Communications attachment
3.11. Connecting Shields
To obtain full EMC or for RFI immunity, cable shields MUST be connected and
the earth lug on the rear of the instrument must be grounded.
Figure 10 illustrates an example of possible connections. Also shown are the
connecting cables restrained using cable ties fastened by screws into the rear of the
unit.
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Figure 10: Cable Shield Connection
3.11.1.






Cable Shield Connection and Earthing
Care should be taken when connecting shields to maximise EMC or RFI immunity
and minimise earth loops and cross-talk (interference) between instruments.
For full EMC or for RFI immunity, termination of the cable shields to the connectors
is very important. The earth lug of the instrument must be separately connected to
ground potential via a reliable link.
The AC power module directly connects the earth lug to the Earth Pin on the power
supply. In installations where earth is available on the power cable, instrument
earthing can be done with this connection.
The instrument should only be connected to earth via a single reliable link to avoid
earth loops.
Where each instrument is separately earthed, interconnecting cable shields should
be connected at one end only. This also applies to communications cable shields in
Ring Networks, refer to Short Ring Network and Long Ring Network connections
under Section 3.9.1 on page 12.
Caution: Some load cells connect the cable shield directly to the load cell (and
therefore the scale base). Connection of the load cell cable shield in this situation
may be site specific.
3.12. Regulatory Sealing Requirements
To comply with regulatory sealing requirements for each instrument, (i.e. to ensure
instruments are not accidentally or deliberately tampered with), it is important that
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proper sealing procedures be adhered to. Refer to Trade Label page 113, Lead
Seals page 113, Destructible Sticker Seals page 113 and Electronic Seal page 113
sections for more information.
3.13. Accessory Module connection
Up to 4 accessory modules can be plugged into the rear of the instrument. There
are many types of modules which can be used. These modules provide additional
features such as:

power supply options, e.g. mains power or batteries

communications ports, e.g. Ethernet or RS485 networking

digital inputs and digital outputs, e.g. external buttons or setpoint outputs

expanded memory, e.g. DSD functionality.
Caution: Instrument should be switched off before connecting or disconnecting
accessory modules.
Each module will come with a manual which explains the features, installation and
use of the module.
After connection, the module needs to be configured using the instrument setup
menus. All hardware test functions and hardware options (such as serial baud
rates or digital input debouncing) are in the H.WARE (hardware) menu described in
section 0 page 59. Module resources (such as digital inputs or serial ports) are
assigned in specific function menus. For example, the output used by a particular
setpoint is set in the setpoint menu.
A summary of the module resource usage is available in the instrument setup
menus. See ALLOC (Allocation Report) described in section 12.2.1 page 59.
Note: Power supply options can only be connected in the left position. Other
modules can be connected in any position.
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4. Setup Menus
Throughout the setup menus different data entry methods are used. Each method is
described below.
4.1.
Accessing Setup Menus
There are two methods to access the Setup area:
 The Full Setup method provides access to all functions in Setup, including legal for
trade and calibration sensitive settings. Changes in Full Setup mode may result in
the calibration counter being incremented. If an attempt is made to enter Full Setup
using the incorrect passcode, the instrument will respond with the message ENTRY
DENIED. Refer to Passcodes page 53 for more information.
Full Setup
There are 2 methods of accessing full
setup:
1. Press and hold the
<POWER> and
<F3> keys together
for two seconds, or
2. Press the setup button on the rear of
the instrument.

WARNING
All items in all menus will
be enabled in Full Setup.
Care should be taken to
avoid inadvertently
altering the Build or
Calibration settings.
Safe Setup restricts access to the Trade Critical settings. Changes made in this
mode will not increment the calibration counter. In this manual, items marked with
 indicate that the setting is trade critical. If an attempt is made to enter Safe
Setup using the incorrect passcode, or if an attempt is made to alter a trade critical
setting while in Safe Setup, the instrument will respond with the message ENTRY
DENIED. Refer to Passcodes page 53 for more information.
Safe Setup
Press and hold both
the <POWER> and
<ZERO> keys
together for two seconds.
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4.1.1. Setup Display Prompts
When accessing Full or Safe Setup the instrument will beep twice and enter the
Setup Menus. If a passcode has been configured, the P.CODE prompt will display
and the correct passcode must be entered to continue. Refer to Passcodes page 53
for more information.
If access is granted the following is displayed:
FULL (SAFE) → SETUP → Software Version (eg. V1.0) → Serial Number
→Calibration Counter (eg. C.00010).
(See Calibration Counter page 53 for more information)
4.2.
Exiting Full or Safe Setup
To save settings, exit setup and return to the normal weighing mode use one of the
following methods:
Method 1: Press and hold both the <POWER> and <F3> keys together for two
seconds.
Method 2: Press and hold both the <POWER> and <ZERO> keys together for two
seconds.
Method 3: Press the <ZERO> key repeatedly. When End displays press
<TARE>.
Method 4: Press the <POWER> key.
The instrument will beep and then display the following:
Software Version (eg. V1.0) → Calibration Counter (eg. C.00010).
(See Calibration Counter page 53 for more information)
Warning: If the power is interrupted while in setup (i.e. by disconnecting the power
cable), unsaved settings will be lost.
4.3.
Menu Navigation
The setup menus are a normal menu tree structure. The current level is shown in
the auxiliary display in the top right corner of the LCD.
Each level of the tree has its own key to step through the items in the menu. The 6
function keys correspond to the 6 menu levels with Zero for Level 1 through to F3 or
level 6.
To access a lower level menu, use the key to the right of your current key. To
return to the upper levels, use the keys to the left of your current key.
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Code
1
2
3
4
4.4.
Description
Parent Menu
Item Name
Menu Level
Item Data - If this is blank then the Item is a sub-menu.
Changing Data
Menu items containing data are shown along with their data (strings may show the
first few characters only). This data can be changed by using the editing keys.
When editing is finished, press the OK key to accept the new data. If the new data
is unwanted, press the cancel key (Sometimes several presses are required).
While editing, the type of data being edited is shown in the top right corner of the
LCD.
4.5.
Numeric Entry
Using the keypad, enter the desired number and press the OK key. Upper and
lower limits are placed on some entries and an entry outside this range will cause
the instrument to display dashes (i.e. - - - -).
Example: When in Setup follow the steps below to set Scale:Build:Capacity 1.
Press <ZERO> repeatedly to display the SCALE menu.
Press <TARE> repeatedly to display the BUILD menu.
Press <GROSS/NET> repeatedly to display the CAP1 item and the current setting
(eg. 30.00kg).
Enter the new capacity using the keypad.
Press <OK>
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4.6.
Selections and Options
A selection entry requires the choice of a single option from a list.
Using the up and down arrows, select the desired option and press the OK key.
Example: When in Setup follow the steps below to set Scale:Build:Cable.
Press <ZERO> repeatedly to display the SCALE menu.
Press <TARE> repeatedly to display the BUILD menu.
Press <GROSS/NET> repeatedly to display the CABLE item and the current
setting (eg. 4 WIRE).
Use the ↑ and ↓ keys to select the desired option from the list.
Press <OK>
4.7.
Strings
There are 3 different methods of editing strings:

Normal string editing (auxiliary display: STR)

Numerical string editing (auxiliary display: S.NUM)

ASCII string with character position (auxiliary display: S.ASC)
Use the <+/-> key to cycle between these options.
4.7.1. Normal String Editing
Normal string editing is most useful where strings are small and contain no
lowercase or unprintable characters. The available characters are printed in orange
on the keypad.
Special keys are:
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
<OK>: Accept changes and finish.

<Long press of cancel>: Cancel and exit without changes

<Cancel>: Delete character

<Up>, <Down>: Move cursor

<Long press of down>: Delete string after cursor

<+/->: Switch editing modes
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4.7.2. Numerical String Editing
Numerical string editing is useful when entering strings containing only numbers.
The available characters are the numbers and the decimal point.
Special keys are:

<OK>: Accept changes and finish.

<Long press of cancel>: Cancel and exit without changes

<Cancel>: Delete character

<Up>, <Down>: Move cursor

<Long press of down>: Delete string after cursor

<+/->: Switch editing modes
4.7.3. ASCII String Editing
ASCII string editing is useful where tokens or other unprintable characters are
required. ASCII codes are entered as numbers. Print tokens are entered in this
mode.
Special keys are:
4.8.

<OK>: Accept ASCII code/Accept changes and finish.

<Long press of cancel>: Cancel and exit without changes

<0> to<9>: Enter a new code

<Cancel>: Delete character

<Up>, <Down>: Move cursor

<Long press of down>: Delete string after cursor

<+/->: Switch editing modes
IP Addresses
An IP (internet protocol) address entry is used to enter the four decimal octets
separated by a full stop that make up an IP address. IP addresses are entered in
the form “xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx”, for example “192.168.100.1”.
Using the keypad, enter the desired IP address and press the OK key. Limits are
placed on entries and an entry outside this range will cause the instrument to
display dashes (i.e. - - - -).
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5. Basic Operation
5.1.
User Interface Display and Controls
5.1.1. Overview
Code
1
2
3
4
5
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Description
Display
Numeric Keypad
Function Keys (user defined)
Function Keys (Fixed)
Power Key
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5.1.2. Display
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Description
Primary Annunciators
Primary Display
Auxiliary Display
Primary Units
Secondary ID
Eg Product Name = CONCRETE in example above.
Miscellaneous Annunciators
Secondary Units
Secondary Display
5.1.3. Primary Annunciators
Symbol
Name
Description
HOLD
Visible when the displayed reading is held.
NET
ZERO
MOTION
ZERO BAND
RANGE
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Visible when the displayed reading represents Net
weight.
Visible when the gross reading is within  ¼ of a
division of true zero.
Visible when the displayed reading is not stable.
Visible when the displayed weight is within the zero
'dead' band setting.
Indicates current range (for dual range/interval).
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5.1.4. Keypad
Code
Description
1
Numeric Button
0-9
2
White Characters
Hold 2 seconds
3
Orange Characters
(Alpha and Symbols)
Cancel
Undo last command; step backwards (including
in setup menus).
Up
Move cursor backwards; previous option
Down
Move cursor forwards; next option
OK
Accept this choice
Decimal Point
Place decimal point
+/-
Change to negative or positive number;
Change Editing VIEW (eg ASCII vs string)
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5.2.
Operation Keys
5.2.1. Turn Instrument ON - Short press <Power>
5.2.2. Turn Instrument OFF - Long press <Power>
5.2.3. Additional Power Information
Power Key Locked: If the power key is locked, the Instrument cannot be turned off
from the front keypad.
Automatic Operation: Instrument will operate whenever external power is
available and will not need to be manually turned on again if the power is
interrupted.
5.3.
Zero Key
When an empty scale has drifted away from a true zero reading, this key
is used to perform a zero adjustment on the scale display. The zero
adjustment is stored when power is removed and is re-used when next
powered up.
The amount of weight that may be cancelled by the <ZERO> key is limited by the
Z.RANGE setting (12.3.2 OPTION (Scale options), p64).
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5.4.
Tare Key
This key is used to temporarily set the scale to zero. The display will
show the Net weight and the NET annunciator will be lit.
The weight tared is deducted from the allowable range of the scale,
reducing the maximum weight that can be displayed.
Preset Tare: Preset Tare values are entered using the Numeric Keys followed by
the TARE key. (E.g. to enter 1.5kg as a preset tare, press <1> <.> <5> <TARE>)
The tare adjustment is stored when power is removed and is re-used when next
powered up.
5.4.1. Setting Preset Tare on a Permanent Truck ID
5.4.2. Setting Preset Tare on a Temporary Truck ID
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5.4.3. Gross/Net Key
This key toggles the weight display between the Gross weight and the
Net weight (provided that a Tare has previously been acquired using
the <TARE> key).
If a preset Tare has been entered, the value of the preset Tare will be temporarily
displayed when switching from Gross to Net display.
5.5.
Truck Key
A short press of the Truck key will allow you to enter a name or use the
arrow keys to select and existing product or enter a name for a new
temporary product, refer also to 6 Select/Add/Delete Truck IDs page 36.
5.5.1. Truck Key to enter an ID
A short press of the Truck key allows you to enter a name followed by the <OK>
key. If a name isn’t specified a temporary one will be allocated in format T followed
by a number (eg. T12). As this is only a temporary Truck ID it will be
automatically deleted at the end of the weigh out process.
5.5.2. Truck Key to select a Truck ID
Press the Truck key followed by a short press of the up and down arrow keys to
select the desired truck from a list of the most recently used. The keypad can be
used to enter the first letter of the truck name. The <UP> and <DOWN> keys will
then step through the list of trucks starting with the entered letter.
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5.6.
Print Key
5.6.1. PRINT (K404)
A print key can be used to trigger any of the configured printouts, noting
that it will also trigger the weigh in and weigh out events. It can also add
to totals or undo the last add. When docket printing, a long press ends
the docket.

Short press
5.6.2. PRINT (K405 and K422)
A Print key can be used to skip the IDLE wait and print the truck
total.
5.7.
Function Key 3 - Programmable
The Units key is used to convert primary (calibrated) units to
alternative units.

Short press
A short press switches between primary and alternative units.
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
Long press
A long press allows the units conversion factor to be entered. If lb/kg switching
is chosen, this will be unavailable.
Function key 3 and external keys are programmable. Refer 7 Special Functions and
External Keys page38 for other available functions.
Each primary function has an associated overlay sticker (supplied) that should be
applied to the function key to label the function. Ensure the keypad is clean and dry
before affixing the sticker. Refer to Cleaning page 9 for more information.
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5.8.
Clock
A long press of the 1 key (Clock) allows the system time and date to be viewed and
changed
5.9.
Report
A long press of the 3 key (Report) allows reports to be printed.
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5.10. Total
A long press of the 4 key (Total) allows totals to be viewed and cleared.
5.11. User ID
A long press of the 5 key (ID) allows User IDs to be viewed and cleared. The
Settable Consecutive Print ID can also be viewed and edited, refer also to 16.2 Print
ID page 99.
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5.12. Target
A long press of the 7 key (Target) allows setpoint targets to be viewed and changed.
5.13. Lock
A long press of the . key (Lock) allows instrument to be locked. The instrument can
be unlocked by entering the operator passcode when prompted.
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5.14. Alibi
A long press of the +/- key (Alibi) will switch the instrument to Alibi mode. Alibi
mode is used to verify scale readings. To return from Alibi mode, long press the +/key (Alibi) again.
5.14.1.
Switching to Alibi Mode
5.14.2.
Returning from Alibi Mode
5.14.3.
Viewing DSD records in Alibi mode
From Alibi mode you can view DSD records (when a DSD is fitted) by pressing the
up arrow key to view the latest record, pressing the down arrow key to view the
oldest record or by entering a number than pressing the OK key to view that
specific record. Once viewing records you can use the +/- key to display the
different information stored in the record, use the up arrow key to move onto the
next record or use the down arrow key to move onto the previous record. Once you
are finished viewing records you can return to Alibi mode by pressing the C key.
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5.15. Acc
A long press of the 0 key (Acc) is used to view information about the attached
accessory modules.
When a M4221 Ethernet module is attached, the current IP (Internet Protocol)
settings can be viewed from the Acc menu. The “.” key allows the second half of
longer IP addresses to be displayed. In this example the DNS 2 IP address is
192.168.100.10.
5.16. Stability Considerations
Some functions (e.g. Tare and Zero) require a stable weight. These functions will
wait for up to 10 seconds for stable weight. If a stable weight is not available
‘MOTION ERROR’ is displayed and the function is cancelled.
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6. Select/Add/Delete Truck IDs
6.1.1. Select a Truck ID - Short Press of Up and Down keys
A short press of the up and down arrow keys will allow the user to select the desired
truck from a list of the most recently used. The keypad can be used to enter the
first letter of the truck name. The <UP> and <DOWN> keys will then step through
the list of trucks starting with the entered letter.
6.1.2. Add a Permanent Truck ID - Long Press of the Up Key (Add)
A long press of the up arrow (Add) key will create a new permanent truck ID for
which a name is specified. If a truck exists with that name it will be selected,
otherwise a temporary truck with that name will be created.
6.1.3. Add a Temporary Truck ID – Truck Key
A short press of the Truck key allows you to enter a name followed by the <OK>
key. If a name isn’t specified a temporary one will be allocated in format T followed
by a number (eg. T12). As this is only a temporary Truck ID it will be
automatically deleted at the end of the weigh out process.
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6.1.4. Delete a Truck ID - Long Press of the Down Key (Del)
A long press of this key allows the user to delete a truck. Trucks can only be
deleted if the total weight is 0. Truck totals can be cleared using a long press of the
4 key (Total).
6.1.5. Edit a Truck ID - Long Press of the OK Key (Edit)
A long press of this key allows the user to change the name of a truck.
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7. Special Functions and External Keys
7.1.
Overview
The instrument has three (3) special function keys on the front panel, the K404,
K405 and K422 have F1 set to the Truck key and F2 as a Print key. Functions
are set in the FUNC menu, labels are provided that can be applied depending
on what function is assigned.

Function Key 1 is fixed to special function of Truck, refer 5.5 Truck Key page 28.

Function Key 2 is fixed to special function Print, refer 5.6 Print Key page 29.

Function Key 3 can be assigned as required. Each special function is detailed
below and can be assigned to either an external key or F3.
7.2.
NONE
When set to NONE the special function key is not used during normal operation.
This is the default setting.
7.3.
SINGLE
A single key is a manual trigger for the serial automatic transmit. A single automatic
transmit string is sent when this key is pressed. This may be useful where a
continual stream of serial data is not wanted.
7.4.
TEST
A test key is used to start a display test.
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7.5.
UNITS
The units key is used to convert primary (calibrated) units to alternative units.

Short press
A short press switches between primary and alternative units.

Long press
A long press allows the units conversion factor to be entered. If lb/kg switching
is chosen, this will be unavailable.
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7.6.
HOLD
A hold key performs a manual hold. Pressing the hold key again will cancel the
hold.

Hold

Release
7.7.
HI.RES
A short press of the high resolution button will enable or disable high resolution
mode. If the instrument is in trade mode the high resolution mode will be restored to
its original state after five seconds.

Short press – Industrial Mode
Display high resolution reading, until function key pressed again.
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
Short press – Trade Mode
Display high resolution reading for five (5) seconds, then return to original state.
7.8.
SC.EXIT
A short press of the scale exit button will trigger the scale exit setpoint if the weight
is outside of the zero band.
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8. Truck Weighing Operation-Static (K404)
8.1.
Static Truck Weighing Summary
8.1.1. Weighing in
Once a Truck ID with no first weight or
preset tare has been selected the
indicator will move to weigh in mode.
When the truck is on the scale you can
either press the OK key to store the
current weight as the first weight, press
the print key to print the current weight
and store it as the first weight or enter a preset tare to move directly to the weigh
out step. If you have stored a first weight then the indicator will move back to normal
mode weighing until a truck is selected.
The Cancel key <C> allows you to cancel out of the weigh in mode and return to
normal mode without storing a first weight or preset-tare.
8.1.2. Weighing out with preset tare
Once a product with a preset tare is
selected the indicator will move to
weigh out with preset tare mode. When
the truck is on the scale you can press
the print key to add the current tare
weight to totals and return to normal
mode.
The Cancel key <C> or <OK> key allows you to cancel out of the weigh out mode
and return to normal mode without adding any weight to totals.
8.1.3. Weighing out with first weight
Once a product with a stored first weight
is selected the indicator will move to
weigh out with first weight mode. When
the truck is on the scale you can press
the print key to add the current weight
minus the first weight to totals, the first
weight will be cleared when this
happened and the indicator will return to normal mode.
The Cancel key <C> or <OK> key allows you to cancel out of the weigh out mode
and return to normal mode without clearing the first weight or adding any weight to
totals.
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8.2.
Print Current Weight of Truck
8.3.
Single Pass - Permanent Truck ID with Preset Tare
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8.4.
Single Pass - Temporary ID (Operator Entered) with a Preset Tare
8.5.
Single Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated with a Preset Tare
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8.6.
Two Pass
8.7.
Two Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated
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9. Truck Weighing Operation-Static Axle (K405)
9.1.
Print Current Weight of Truck
9.2.
Single Pass - Permanent Truck ID with Preset Tare
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9.3.
Single Pass - Temporary ID (Operator Entered) with a Preset Tare
9.4.
Single Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated with a Preset Tare
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9.5.
Two Pass
9.6.
Two Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated
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10. Truck Weighing Operation-Dynamic Axle (K422)
10.1. Print Current Weight of Truck
10.2. Single Pass - Permanent Truck ID with Preset Tare
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10.3. Single Pass - Temporary ID (Operator Entered) with a Preset Tare
10.4. Single Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated with a Preset Tare
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10.5. Two Pass
10.6. Two Pass – Automatic Temporary ID Allocated
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11. Configuration
11.1. General Setup Information
Configuration and calibration can be performed entirely from the front panel, using
the digital setup facility. When Full Setup is used, all menu items are accessible
and care must be taken to ensure no accidental changes are made to calibration
and trade settings. In addition, there is also Safe Setup that provides restricted
access. This setup method ensures that only settings that are not calibration or
trade sensitive can be changed.
Full and Safe Setup can be passcode protected to prevent unauthorised or
accidental tampering.
11.2. Correct Loadcell Selection
It is important to ensure the signal strength from the connected loadcells is
sufficiently high to match the capability of the instrument, especially when
configuring a trade certified site.
The trade approved capability of the instrument is quoted as a maximum number of
divisions with a minimum signal strength per division in micro-volts.
To illustrate the process consider the following example:
Example
Four 2,500kg 2.0mV/V load cells are used in an application requiring a 5,000kg full
scale, with weight displayed in 5kg increments.
Calculating the
total number of
divisions:
Calculating the full
scale load cell
signal:
Calculating the
absolute signal
voltage:
Calculating the
signal resolution:
11.3. Filtering Techniques
There is a trade off between noise filtering and the step-response time of the
system. The step-response is defined as the time between placing a weight on the
scale and the correct stable weight reading being displayed. This does not affect
the number of readings per second that are taken. It simply defines the amount of
time that is required to determine a final weight reading.
The FILTER setting in the instrument setup shows the amount of time over which
the averaging is taken. Increasing the averaging time will result in a more stable
reading but will extend the time it takes the instrument to settle to a final reading.
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11.4. Industrial vs Trade Modes
The instrument may be operated in Industrial or Trade modes. These modes
restrict certain aspects of the operation of the instrument to ensure compliance with
trade certified standards.
The following table lists the operation differences for each of these modes.
Element
Industrial
Trade
Underload
–105% of Fullscale
–1% or –2% of Fullscale depending on zero
range setting
Overload
105% of Fullscale
Fullscale + 9 divisions
Tare
No restrictions
Tare values must be > 0
Test
Modes
Unlimited time
allowed
Limited to five seconds
Table 4: Industrial vs trade modes
11.5. Calibration Counter
Within Setup there are a number of critical steps that can affect the calibration
and/or legal for trade performance of the instrument. If any of these steps are
altered, the trade certification of the scale could be voided.
The instrument provides built-in calibration counter(s) to monitor the number of
times the critical steps are altered. The value of a counter is stored within the
instrument and can only be reset at the factory. Each time a critical step is altered,
the counter will increase by one. Whenever the instrument is powered up, or setup
mode is entered/exited, the current value in the counter is displayed briefly (eg.
C00010).
The value of the counter is written on the tamperproof trade label on the front of the
indicator for trade-certified applications and functions as an electronic seal. If any
legal for trade settings are changed on the instrument, the current value of the
calibration counter will be different from the recorded value and the seal is broken.
In this manual, items marked with  indicate that the setting is legal for trade critical
settings.
11.6. Passcodes
The instrument has three levels of passcode to provide security for instrument
functions, calibration and general configuration.
 Full Setup Passcode
 Safe Setup Passcode
 Operator Passcode
The Full Setup passcode can also be used to access Safe Setup and Operator
functions.
Instrument settings that are accessed by the communications are protected by the
same passcodes.
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11.6.1.
Full Setup Passcode
Setting a passcode for Full Setup restricts access to Full Setup.
11.6.2.
Safe Setup Passcode
Setting a passcode for Safe Setup restricts access to Safe Setup functions. In
addition, front panel functions can be configured to prompt for a Safe Setup
passcode before operating. Refer to 12.1.4 KEY.LOC (Key Function Access
Control) on page 56 for more information.
11.6.3.
Operator Passcode
The operator passcode is used to protect access to instrument functions available
from the front panel keypad. Refer to 12.1.4 KEY.LOC (Key Function Access
Control) on page 56 for more information on how to add security to operator
functions.
The operator generally needs to enter the Operator Passcode only once to gain
access to multiple functions. To lock the instrument again press the ‘.’ key for two
seconds (LOCK function).
11.6.4.
Setup Lock-Out
If an attempt is made to enter Full or Safe Setup using an incorrect passcode, the
instrument will respond with the message ENTRY DENIED and then the user will be
returned to normal operating mode.
No more than three failed attempts can made to access Full/Safe Setup before the
instrument blocks access completely. The instrument must be turned off and on
again before further attempts can be made.
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12. Setup Menus
12.1. GEN.OPT (General options)
12.1.1.
LANG (Operator language)
Path
Description
GEN.OPT
└ LANG
Sets the operator language.
NB: Setup menus are fixed in English.
LANG Values








12.1.2.
<OPT>
English (Default)
German
Dutch
French
Polish
Italian
Spanish
Czech
DATE.F (Date format)
Path
Description
Sets the date format
GEN.OPT
└ DATE.F
DATE.F Values <OPT>
 DD.MM.YY (Default)
 DD.MM.YYYY
 MM.DD.YY
 MM.DD.YYYY
 YY.MM.DD
 YYYY.MM.DD
12.1.3.
PCODE (Security passcodes)
Path
Description
GEN.OPT
└ PCODE
└ SAFE.PC
└ FULL.PC
└ OP.PC
Sets the instrument passcodes. The 3 levels of
passcode are:
 Full passcode (FULL.PC): Controls access to
full setup menus. All settings (including trade
critical settings) can be altered from full
setup. The full passcode will also give
access to safe or operator functions.
 Safe passcode (SAFE.PC): Controls access
to safe setup menus. No trade critical
settings can be altered from safe setup. The
safe passcode will also give access to
operator functions.
 Operator passcode (OP.PC): Controls
access to various operator functions.
(*)
(*) Available in FULL SETUP only
PCODE Values
<NUM>
0 .. 999999
Default: 0
NB: A passcode value of 0
deactivates the passcode.
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12.1.4.
KEY.LOC (Key Function Access Control)
Path
Description
GEN.OPT
└ KEY.LOC
└ P(*)
└ ZERO
└ TARE
└ GR_NT
└ F1
└ F2
└ F3
└ CLOCK
└ VIEW
└ REPORT
└ TOTAL
└ ID
└ TARGET
└ ACC
└ PR.MOD
└ PR.SEL
└NUM.PAD
└ ALIBI
Access to each of the operator functions can be
configured separately.
KEY.LOC Values




The options are:
AVAIL: function always available
OPER.PC: requires a valid Operator Passcode
SAFE.PC: requires a valid Safe Passcode
LOCKED: function never available
Functions protected with a ‘Safe’ passcode
prompt for the passcode every time.
Entering the Operator Passcode unlocks all
operator protected functions so the operator is
not continually prompted for the passcode. In
order to lock the instrument again press the ‘.’
key for two seconds (function ‘Lock’).
<OPT>
AVAIL (Default)
OPER.PC
SAFE.PC
LOCKED
(*) AVAIL & LOCKED only are
available for POWER.
12.1.5.
DISP (Display options)
Path
GEN.OPT
└ DISP
└ B.LIGHT
└ FREQ
└ AUX.DSP
B.LIGHT Values <OPT>
ON
(Default),
OFF
FREQ Values
Description
These settings control the operation of the display.
B.LIGHT (Backlight operation) can be set on or off.
FREQ (Display update frequency) sets how often
the display is updated
AUX.DSP (Auxiliary Display) can be set to OFF or
TIME to show the current instrument time.
<OPT>
10Hz (Default), 5Hz, 3.3Hz,
2Hz, 1Hz
AUX.DSP Values
OFF
Page 56
(Default),
<OPT>
TIME
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12.1.6.
ID.NAME (User Defined Strings)
Path
GEN.OPT
└ ID.NAME
└ NAME.1
└ NAME.2
└ NAME.3
└ NAME.4
└ NAME.5
Description
Values
(E.g. to allow the operator to enter a customer ID,
NAME.1 could be set to ‘CUST’.)
There are five User Strings available to the operator
when the ‘5’ key is pressed for 2 seconds (function
‘ID’).
NAME.1, NAME.2, NAME.3, NAME.4 and NAME.5
specify the actual prompts displayed for the
operator. The values that the operator enters are
used for printing and other application functions.
<STR>
Maximum 6 characters.
To remove a User String from the operator menu
give it an empty name.
12.1.7.
POWER (Power options)
Path
GEN.OPT
└ POWER
└ AUT.OFF
└ START
AUT.OFF Values

(Default)

1 min
START Values
<OPT>
OFF (Default), ON
12.1.8.
AUT.OFF (Auto-off delay)
<OPT>



NEVER
Description
5 min
10 min
60 min
Sets the automatic power off setting. The
instrument will switch off after set minutes of
inactivity. NEVER disables the auto power off
feature.
START (Pause at Start-up)
If ON the START function forces the instrument to
pause on power up and prompt the operator to
continue. This ensures that restarting the
instrument does not go unnoticed.
STR.EDT (String Edit Mode)
Path
Description
GEN.OPT
└ STR.EDT
Sets the mode that the string editor will start in.
Values
<OPT>
 NUM(Default)
 AUTO
 STRING
12.1.9.
USR.DEF (Set all non-calibration settings to defaults)
Path
Description
GEN.OPT
└ USER.DEF
Sets all general instrument settings to defaults.
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Values
<OK>
DEFAULT?
CONFIRM?
Page 58
<OK>
This will not affect settings in the SCALE menu
which includes all calibration and configuration
settings.
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12.2. H.WARE (Hardware Configuration & Test)
12.2.1.
ALLOC (Allocation Report)
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ ALLOC
Check hardware allocation.
Displays the function of each item of hardware.
Items of hardware include serial ports, function
keys, inputs and outputs.
Use the UP and DOWN arrows to step through the
hardware.
Use the +/- key to step through the available
information for each item of hardware.
Errors: If a single item of hardware has been
assigned to 2 or more functions, an error message
is shown. “CHECK” is used if it is possible that the
setup is OK. “CLASH” is shown if it is likely a setup
error.
12.2.2.
LC.HW
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ LC.HW
└ MVV
└ OL.CNT
└ OL.CLR
MVV
View Loadcell mV/V reading.
OL.CNT (Overload count)
Shows the number of times the instrument has
been overloaded or underloaded by at least 50%
of fullscale.
OL.CLR (Overload clear)
Clear the overload counter.
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12.2.3.
SER1.HW, SER2.HW
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ SER1.HW
└ BAUD
└ PARITY
└ DATA
└ STOP
└ DTR
└ TERM
└ SER2.HW
└ BAUD
└ PARITY
└ DATA
└ STOP
└ DTR
└ TERM
└ RING
BAUD Values <OPT>
BAUD (Baud Rate)
_1200_ , _2400_ , _4800_,
_9600_ (Default), _19200_,
_57600_
PARITY Values <OPT>
Sets the baud rate for the port.
PARITY
Sets the parity for the port.
DATA (Data bits)
Sets the number of data bits for the port.
STOP (Stop bits)
Sets the number of stop bits for the port.
DTR (DTR usage)
Use the DTR line with RS232 printing.
TERM (Termination Resistors)
Use termination resistors with RS485.
RING (Ring network)
Enable ring network. Only available on SER2 and
requires M42xx software version 1.01+.
NONE (Default), EVEN, ODD
DATA Values
<OPT>
_8_ (Default), _7_
STOP Values
<OPT>
_1_ (Default), _2_
DTR Values
<OPT>
OFF (Default), ON
TERM Values
<OPT>
OFF (Default), ON
RING Values
<OPT>
OFF (Default), ON
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12.2.4.
ETH.HW
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ ETH.HW
└ DHCP
└ IP
└ NET.MSK
└ G.WAY
└ DNS.1
└ DNS.2
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
DHCP Values
ON
(Default),
<OPT>
OFF
Note: IP, NET.MSK, G.WAY,
DNS.1, DNS.2 settings are
not available when DHCP is
ON.
Enables or disables the use of DHCP to configure
the IP settings of the M4221 Ethernet module. To
use this option requires a DHCP server on the
network.
IP (Internet Protocol Address)
Sets the IP address for the M4221 Ethernet
module.
NET.MSK (Network Mask)
Sets the network mask the M4221. This defines
the proportion of the IP address bits that reside
on the M4221’s subnet.
G.WAY (Default Gateway)
Sets the default gateway for the M4221. This is
the server through which traffic destined for hosts
beyond the M4221’s subnet is routed.
DNS.1 (Primary Domain Name Server)
Sets the primary domain name server for the
M4221. If not required use 0.0.0.0.
DNS.2 (Secondary Domain Name Server)
Sets the secondary domain name server for the
M4221. If not required use 0.0.0.0.
12.2.5.
ETH.DEF (Set the M4221 Ethernet module to defaults)
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ ETH.HW
└ ETH.DEF
Sets all settings stored within the M4221 Ethernet
module to defaults.
This will not affect any instrument settings.
Values
DEFAULT? <OK>
CONFIRM?
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<OK>
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12.2.6.
IO.HW
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ IO.HW
└ FRC.OUT
└ TST.IN
└ DB.1.8
└ DBNC.1
:
└ DBNC.8
└ DB.9.16
└ DBNC.9
:
└ DBNC.16
└ DB.17.24
└ DBNC.17
:
└ DBNC.24
└ DB.25.32
└ DBNC.25
:
└ DBNC.32
DBNC Values <NUM>
FRC.OUT (Force Outputs)
Use this when testing and fault finding to force the
IO on and off. Use the UP and DOWN keys to
select the output. Use the +/- key to switch the
output on and off.
TST.IN (Test Inputs)
Use this when testing and fault finding to check
the status of IO when used as inputs. Inputs are
listed for each module in order of lowest to highest
IO number. ‘1’ means the input is active, ‘0’
means the input is inactive. Use the UP and
DOWN keys to select the module to view.
DBNC (Debounce)
This sets the amount of debouncing for inputs. It
is set in milliseconds [ms].
1..250 ms
Default: 50 ms
12.2.7.
DSD.HW
Path
Description
H.WARE
└ DSD.HW
└ AUTO.C
└ DSD.STR
AUTO.C Values
AUTO.C (Auto Clear)
Sets whether the DSD will automatically write over
the oldest records when it becomes full.
DSD.STR (DSD String)
<OPT>
OFF, ON (Default)
DSD.STR Values
<STR>
Custom string to be stored along with the
traceable data when the DSD is written. This
accepts all print tokens.
Maximum 20 characters.
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12.3. SCALE (Loadcell options and calibration)
12.3.1.
BUILD (Scale parameters)
Path
Description
SCALE
└ BUILD
└ TYPE()
└ CABLE()
└ DP()
└ CAP1()
└ E1()
└ CAP2(*)
└ E2(*)
└ UNITS()
└ HI.RES()
TYPE Values () <OPT>
Scale Base configuration settings:
SINGLE (Default)
DUAL.I , DUAL.R
CABLE Values () <OPT>
6 WIRE
(Default),
4 WIRE
DP Values () <OPT>
000000 (Default)
00000.0
0000.00
000.000
00.0000
0.00000
TYPE: Range type. Options are:
 SINGLE : Single range
 DUAL.I: Dual interval
 DUAL.R: Dual range
CABLE: 6-wire or 4-wire cable termination:
 6-wire: SENSE lines are connected to the
instrument.
 4-wire: Internal connection between
Excitation and SENSE lines is active.
DP: Set the decimal point position.
CAP1: Sets the fullscale capacity for the scale. If
using multiple interval/range, this sets the fullscale
capacity of the lowest range/interval.
E1: Sets the count-by (or resolution) of the scale. If
using multiple interval/range, this sets the count-by
(or resolution) of the lowest range/interval.
CAP2: If using multiple interval/range, this sets the
fullscale capacity of the highest range/interval.
CAP1 & CAP2 Values () <NUM> E2: If using multiple interval/range, this sets the
count-by (or resolution) of the highest
100 ..999999 Default: 3000
range/interval.
NB: Numbers above assume
UNITS: Sets the weighing units.
no decimal point.
NB: For Options:
E1 & E2 Values () <OPT>
 None: Units are left blank.
1 (Default)
20
 ARROW.U: Use the top arrow. Units
2
50
will be printed onto the instrument in the
5
100
correct location.
10
HI.RES: Sets the scale to high resolution (x10)
UNITS Values () <OPT>
mode.
None
g
kg (Default)
Oz
: This item is trade critical and will affect the
lb
N
calibration counter(s) if changed.
t
ARROW U
HI.RES Values () <OPT>
OFF
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(Default),
ON
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12.3.2.
OPTION (Scale options)
Path
Description
SCALE
└ OPTION
└ USE()
└ FILTER()
└ MOTION()
└ Z.RANGE()
└ Z.TRACK()
└ Z.INIT()
└ Z.BAND()
└ EXT.EX()
└ R.ENTRY
└ TOT.OPT
USE (Trade Use): This setting affects the
operation of trade functions. Options are:
 INDUST: Industrial (no standard)
 OIML: OIML trade mode
 NTEP: NTEP trade mode
USE Values () <OPT>
INDUST (Default), OIML, NTEP
Z.RANGE (Range of Zero): Sets the range over
which the indicator can zero the scale. Options
are in % of fullscale.
FILTER Values () <NUM>
0.01s..30.00s Default: 1.0s
Z.TRAC (Zero Tracking): Sets the rate of
automatic zero tracking.
MOTION Values () <OPT>
1.0d – 0.5t
OFF,
2.0d – 0.5t
0.5d – 1.0t (Default) 5.0d – 0.5t
1.0d – 1.0t
0.5d – 0.2t
2.0d – 1.0t
1.0d – 0.2t
5.0d – 1.0t
2.0d – 0.2t
0.5d – 0.5t
5.0d – 0.2t
()
Z.RANGE Values
<OPT>
(Default)
-2 .. 2
, -1 .. 3, -10 .. 10,
Z.INIT (Zero on Startup): Enables the zero-onstart-up feature. When enabled, a zero will be
performed as part of the instrument start-up
procedure.
-20 .. 20
Z.TRACK Values () <OPT>
Off (Default), Slow, Fast
Z.INIT Values () <OPT>
Off (Default), On
Z.BAND Values () <NUM>
0 – fullscale Default: 0
EXT.EX Values () <OPT>
Off (Default), On
R.ENTRY Values
Off (Default), On
<OPT>
FILTER: Set the number of seconds of digital
filtering.
MOTION: Sets the motion detection sensitivity.
This setting is given as xd – yt where weight
change of more than x divisions in y seconds
will trigger motion.
Z.BAND (Zero Deadband): Sets the weight
range around zero which will be considered
zero for application purposes.
EXT.EX (External Excitation): If using an
external supply for loadcell excitation this
setting enables additional background
calibration services. Under normal conditions
this feature is not required.
R.ENTRY (Rear Entry): Full access via the rear
setup button only. This option is only available
when the rear setup button has been used to
access the menu system
TOT.OPT (Totalising Option): Type of weight
used with totalising. Gross or net weight should
be used if gross and net weights cannot be
added into a single total.
: This item is trade critical and will affect the
calibration counter(s) if changed.
TOT.OPT Values <OPT>
Disp (Default), Gross, Net
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12.3.3.
CAL (Scale calibration)
Path
Description
SCALE
└ CAL
└ZERO()
└SPAN()
└ED.LIN()
└CLR.LIN()
└DIR.ZERO()
└DIR.SPN()
└DEF.CAL()
Calibrate Scale
ZERO: Perform a zero calibration.
SPAN: Perform a span calibration. A zero
calibration should be done before doing a span
calibration.
ED.LIN: Add or Modify linearization points.
CLR.LIN: Clear unwanted linearization points.
DIR.ZER (Direct mV/V Zero Calibration): Enter
signal strength (in mV/V) of zero calibration directly.
DIR.SPN (direct mV/V span Calibration): Enter the
signal strength (in mV/V) of fullscale directly. No
test weights required.
DEF.CAL (Default Calibration): Restore instrument
to default factory calibration and reset all items in
the SCALE menu to defaults.
: This item is trade critical and will affect the calibration counter(s) if changed.
12.3.4.
QA (QA alarm)
Path
Description
SCALE:
└ QA
└QA.OPT()
└QA.YEAR()
└QA.MONTH()
└QA.DAY()
Configure the quality assurance feature.
QA.OPT Values () <OPT>
QA.YEAR, QA.MONTH, QA.DAY: Enter QA expiry
date.
Off
(Default),
On
QA.DATE Values () <NUM>
2000-01-01 To 2099-12-31
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If active the instrument displays a ‘QA DUE’ warning
after the date limit has expired.
QA.OPT: Turn QA feature on or off.
: This item is trade critical and will affect the
calibration counter(s) if changed.
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12.4. FUNC (Special functions)
The instrument supports up to eight special functions. Enter the number of special
functions to use and configure each one according to the function type required.
Most functions need only to be associated with a key or input to function but some
have additional configuration settings as detailed below.
12.4.1.
NUM (Number of special functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ NUM
Sets the number of special functions.
NUM Values
<OPT>
-1-.. -812.4.2.
SFn: TYPE (Function Types)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└TYPE
Sets the function type.
TYPE Values













Page 66
<OPT>
NONE (Default)
PRINT
SINGLE
TEST
UNITS
HOLD
REM.KEY
BLANK
REPORT
HI.RES
SC.EXIT
TRUCK
MODE
Options are:
 PRINT: Trigger a print out
 SINGLE: Trigger a single serial weight
transmission
 TEST: Display test
 UNITS: Unit switching, lb/kg or Custom
 HOLD: Manual hold
 REM.KEY: Remote Key operation
 BLANK: Blanking input
 REPORT: Print a report
 HI.RES: High Resolution mode toggle
 SC.EXIT: Trigger scale exit setpoint
 TRUCK: Truck select
 MODE (K422 only): Toggles between the
options of STATIC and DYNAMIC axle
weighing modes
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.4.3.
SFn: KEY (Function Key / Remote Input)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└KEY
Select front panel key or external input to trigger the
special function. All functions that respond to input
events have a KEY setting.
KEY Values
F1 and F2 are permanently assigned to Truck
and Print functions and cannot be reassigned.
<OPT>
None (Default), F1 .. F3
IO1 .. IO32
12.4.4.
SFn: PRINT (Printing Functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└ TYPE : PRINT
└ KEY
└ PRT.OUT
└ TOTAL
└ CLR.ASK
└ AUTO
└ IL.TYPE
└ I.LOCK
Configuration of the PRINT Special Function.
KEY Values
<OPT>
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
PRT.OUT Values
<OPT>
None (Default),
PRINT.1 .. PRINT.2
TOTAL Values
<OPT>
NONE
UNDO
CLR.ALL
CLR.SESS
(Default)
ADD
CLR.ASK Values
NO
(Default),
AUTO Values
NO
(Default),
<OPT>
YES
<OPT>
YES
IL.TYPE Values
NONE
(Default)
I.LOCK Values
<OPT>
MOTION
I.LOCK
RET.Z
KEY: Select PRINT key using front function key or
external input.
PRT.OUT (PRINT OUT): Selects the printout to
print. Printouts are configured in the PRINT menu.
TOTAL: Sets whether the print key affects the
product totals.
Options are:
 ADD: Add to totals
 UNDO: Undo last add to totals
 CLR.ALL: Clear all totals
 CLR.SESS: Clear session total
CLR.ASK (Prompt for Clear): Sets whether the
operator is prompted to confirm the totals clear.
AUTO (Automatic printing): Sets whether printing
occurs automatically.
IL.TYPE (Interlock Type): Sets the type of printing
interlock to be used. Options are:
 MOTION: Printing is enabled every time the
scale becomes stable.
 I.LOCK: Printing is enabled when the weight
is stable after a weight movement larger than
the interlock weight.
 RET.Z: Printing is enabled after the scale
has returned to zero and is stable at a
reading other than zero.
I.LOCK (Interlock): Sets the interlock weight.
<NUM>
0 .. Fullscale
004R-646-111
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.4.5.
SFn: SINGLE (Single Serial Output Functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└TYPE : SINGLE
└ KEY
└ AUT.OUT
Single serial outputs are similar to printing but do
not support any interlocking or totalising functions.
KEY Values
<OPT>
KEY: Function key or external input to use.
AUT.OUT: Choose which Auto Output Serial
service to trigger. The Auto Output TYPE should be
set to SINGLE.
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
AUT.OUT Values
<OPT>
AUTO.1(Default), AUTO.2
12.4.6.
SFn: BLANK (Blanking Functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└TYPE : BLANK
└ KEY
└ BLANK
Blanking functions enable the detection of external
inputs to be used to block instrument operation by
blanking the screen and blocking key functions.
KEY Values
Typical applications are for tilt sensing.
KEY: External input to use.
<OPT>
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
BLANK Values
<OPT>
BLANK: Set display blanking style. Options are:
 DASH: Fill instrument display with ‘-‘
characters.
 BLANK: completely blank instrument display.
DASH (Default),
BLANK
Page 68
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.4.7.
SFn: UNITS (Unit Switching Functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└TYPE : UNITS
└ KEY
└ MODE
└ UNIT (*)
└ U.STR (*)
KEY Values <OPT>
Unit Switching enables the display and printing of
alternative units to those used for the primary
calibration of the instrument.
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
MODE Values


kg/lb (Default)
CUSTOM
UNIT Values






<OPT>
<OPT>
NONE (Default)
N
ARROW U
P
L
ARROW L
U.STR Values
KEY: Select key or external input to use.
MODE: Sets the unit switching mode. Options are:
 kg/lb (default): The instrument will convert
kilograms to pounds or pounds to kilograms
(depending on the primary unit).
 CUSTOM: The instrument will convert
primary units to a custom unit defined by an
entered conversion factosr.
UNIT (Alternative Unit Annunciator): Set the
symbols to use for alternative units on the
instrument display. Options are:
 N: Useful for Newtons of Force.
 ARROW.U: Upper unit arrow
 P: useful for Pints.
 L: lower case ‘l’ for litres.
 ARROW.L: Lower unit arrow
U.STR (Unit String): Four character alternative units
string. Used in printing alternative units.
<STR>
4 character string
12.4.8.
SFn: HOLD
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└TYPE : HOLD
└ KEY
KEY Values <OPT>
The hold key/input implements a manual hold.
KEY: Select key or external input to use.
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
004R-646-111
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12.4.9. SFn: REM.KEY (Remote Key Functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└TYPE : REM.KEY
└ KEY
└ FUNC
Remote key functions allow external inputs to be
used to trigger instrument key functions.
KEY Values
KEY: External input to use.
<OPT>
None(Default),
IO1 .. IO32
FUNC Values
The external ‘keys’ operate even if the instrument
keys are locked and never require Operator or
Setup passcodes to be entered.
FUNC: Choose key function.
<OPT>
NONE (Default), ZERO,
TARE, GR/NET, 0, 1, 2, 3,
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, +/-, .,
CANCEL, UP, DOWN, OK
12.4.10.
SFn: REPORT (Report Printing Functions)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└ TYPE : REPORT
└ KEY
└ PRT.OUT
└ CLR.TOT
KEY Values <OPT>
Configuration of the PRINT Special Function.
(Default),
None
F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
PRT.OUT Values
<OPT>
None (Default),
PRINT.1 .. PRINT.2
KEY: Select PRINT key using front function key or
external input.
PRT.OUT (PRINT OUT): Selects the printout to
print. Printouts are configured in the PRINT menu.
CLR.TOTAL: Sets whether the print key affects the
product totals.
Options are:
 NO: Add to totals
 ASK: Undo last add to totals
 CLEAR: Clear all totals
CLR.TOTAL Values <OPT>
NO (Default) , ASK, CLEAR
12.4.11.
SFn: HI.RES (High Resolution)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└ TYPE : HI.RES
└ KEY
KEY Values <OPT>
Key/input to toggle to high resolution mode.
KEY: Select key or external input to use.
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
Page 70
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12.4.12.
SFn: SC.EXIT (Scale Exit)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└ TYPE : SC.EXIT
└ KEY
KEY Values <OPT>
Key/input to trigger scale exit (SC.EXIT) setpoint.
KEY: Select key or external input to use.
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
12.4.13.
SFn: TRUCK (Truck selection)
Path
Description
FUNC
└ SFn
└ TYPE : TRUCK
└ KEY
KEY Values <OPT>
This function is assigned to f1 but is also available
for external keys
Key/input to select truck.
KEY: Select key or external input to use.
None (Default), F1 .. F3,
IO1 .. IO32
004R-646-111
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12.5. SER.NET
Path
└ SER.NET
└ ADDR
└ NUM
└ NET.n
└ TYPE
└ SERIAL
└ RESP
└ SOURCE
ADDR Values
<NUM>
1..31
NUM Values
<OPT>
-1- (Default) .. -2TYPE Values
<OPT>
NONE (Default),
PROTOCOL.B, SIMPLE,
BARCODE
SERIAL Values
<OPT>
SER1A(Default), SER2A,
SER3A
RESP Values
NONE
(Default),
Description
Configure the serial networking support.
ADDR (Address): Address of instrument (1..31).
NUM: sets the number of networks
TYPE: Type of Network Protocol:
 NONE: Disable networking
 Protocol B: See Network Communications
page 90.
 SIMPLE: See Network Communications
page 90.
 BARCODE: Use a barcode reader for truck
selection.
SERIAL: Serial Port to use.
RESP: Respond to simple protocol commands with
OK.
SOURCE: Barcode protocol source, settable to
product name (NAME), product barcode (B.CODE)
or product ID (ID).
<OPT>
OK
SOURCE Values
<OPT>
NAME (Default), B.CODE, ID
Page 72
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.6. SER.AUT (Automatic transmit)
12.6.1.
NUM (Number of Automatic Transmissions)
Path
Description
SER.AUT
└ NUM
Sets the number of special automatic outputs
Values
<OPT>
-1- (Default) .. -212.6.2.
AUTO.n (Automatic Output Configuration)
Path
Description
SER.AUT
└ AUTO.n
└ TYPE
└ SERIAL
└ FORMAT
└ SOURCE
└ EV.AUTO(*)
These settings are the same for AUTO.1 and
AUTO.2
TYPE Values
<OPT>
NONE (Default)
SINGLE
AUTO.LO
SERIAL Values
AUTO.HI
AUT.TRC
TYPE: Sets the transmission rate. Options are:
 SINGLE: A SINGLE function key is used to
trigger a single transmission. Rate is
determined by external input.
 AUTO.LO: Transmit at 10Hz
 AUTO.HI: Transmit at 25Hz frequency
 AUT.TRC: Sends a message for every
traceable weight
SERIAL: Select Serial port to use.
<OPT>
(Default),
SER1A
SER1B,
SER2A, SER2B, SER3A,
SER3B
FORMAT Values <OPT>
FMT.E
FMT.A (Default)
FMT.F
FMT.B
FMT.REG
FMT.C
FMT.TRC
FMT.D
CUSTOM
SOURCE Values <OPT>
FORMAT: Set data format. See page 97.

FMT.TRC to provide a tally roll printer log.
SOURCE: Sets the weight data to send:
 GROSS: Gross weight
 Net: Net weight
 Gr.or.Nt: Gross or net weight
EV.AUTO: Token string to define data format for
CUSTOM transmissions.
GROSS (Default), NET
GR.or.NT
EV.AUTO Values
<STR>
Token String
(*) Only used with CUSTOM
format.
004R-646-111
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.7. PRINT (Printouts)
12.7.1.
NUM (Number of printouts)
Path
PRINT
└ NUM
Values
Description
Sets the number of printouts.
<OPT>
_1_ (Default) .. _2_
12.7.2.
HEADER (Print header)
Path
PRINT
└ HEADER
Values
String
12.7.3.
Description
Sets the print docket header.
<STR>
FOOTER (Print footer)
Path
PRINT
└ FOOTER
Values
String
12.7.4.
Description
Sets the print docket footer.
<STR>
PAGE (Print page options
Path
PRINT
└ PAGE
└ WIDTH
└ HEIGHT
└ PG.END
Description
WIDTH Values
HEIGHT: Sets the page height. A setting of zero
disables page height checking.
<NUM>
0 .. 250
Default: 0
HEIGHT Values
<NUM>
Page settings configure the height and width of the
paper and what to do at the bottom of a page.
WIDTH: Sets the page width. A setting of zero
disables page width checking.
PG.END: (Page End String): Sets the string to print
at page end. This option allows a cut character,
form feed, etc, to be added every page.
0 .. 250
Default: 0
PG.END Values
<STR>
Token String
Page 74
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.7.5.
SPACE (Print blank space options)
Path
PRINT
└ SPACE
└ TOP
└ LEFT
└ BOTTOM
└ W.OUT
Values
<NUM>
0 .. 10 Default: 0
W.OUT Values <NUM>
0 .. 50
Default: 0
Description
Space controls the amount of white space to leave
around the printout.
TOP: Sets the number of blank lines to add at the
top of each page.
LEFT: Sets the number of spaces to add at the
beginning of each line.
BOTTOM: Sets the number of blank lines to add to
the bottom of each page.
W.OUT: If this is not 0 then the header will not be
printed in weigh out mode, instead the set number
of lines will be skipped.
PRINT.n … (Printout options)
12.7.6.
Path
Description
PRINT
└ PRINT.n
└ TYPE
└ FORMAT
└ SERIAL
└ NAME
└ CUSTOM (*)
└ PRN.KEY
└ EV.D.NEW
└ EV.D.END
└ EV.WI
└ EV.WO.1
└ EV.WO.2
└ EV.D.WO
└ EV.AXLE
└ ABORT
└ EV.GRP
or
└ REP.ST
└ REP.PR
└ REP.END
Each printout has its own format settings.
TYPE: Sets the printout type. Options are:
 NONE (default)
 DOCKET
 REPORT
FORMAT: Sets the printout format.
SERIAL: Select Serial port to use.
NAME (Printout Name): Report printouts are
available by name to the operator.
CUSTOM: For custom printing, each type of printout
uses event strings as follows:
TYPE Values



<OPT>
NONE (Default)
DOCKET
REPORT
FORMAT Values
<OPT>
FMT.A (Default), FMT.B
CUSTOM
SERIAL Values
SER1A
SER3A
004R-646-111
(Default),
<OPT>
SER2A,
DOCKET:
PRN.KEY (K404 only)(Docket Print) controls the
format of each transaction on the docket.
EV.D.NEW (Event Docket New) defines the start
of the docket.
EV.D.END (Event Docket End) defines the end
of the docket (Normal mode only).
EV.WI (Event Weigh In) defines what is printed
when weighing in.
EV.WO.1 (Event Weigh Out 1) defines what is
printed when weighing out with Preset Tare.
EV.WO.2 (Event Weigh Out 2) defines what is
printed when weighing out with first weight.
EV.D.WO (Event Docket Weigh Out) defines the
end of docket when weighing out.
EV.AXLE (K405 and K422 only) defines the
string to be printed for each axle.
ABORT (K405 and K422 only) defines the string
to be printed if weighing aborted.
Page 75
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
NAME Values
<STR>
6 character String
CUSTOM Values
(*)
<STR>
Active token strings
depend on the TYPE setting
Page 76
EV.GRP (K422 only) defines the string to be
printed for each axle group.
REPORT:
REP.ST (Report Start) defines start of report.
REP.PR (Report Product) controls the
information printed for each product.
REP.END (Report End) defines the end of the
report.
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.8. SETP (Setpoints)
12.8.1.
NUM (Number of setpoints)
Path
SETP
└ NUM
Values <OPT>
Description
Sets the number of special setpoints
_1_ … _8_
(Default)
SETP1 … SETP8 (Setpoint options)
12.8.2.
Path
SETP
└ SETPn
└TYPE
└OUTPUT
└LOGIC
└ALARM
└SOURCE (*)
└HYS(**)
└MASK(***)
└DLY.ON(***)
└HLD.OFF(***)
└RDY.TIM(****)
└NAME
└REG
TYPE Values
<OPT>








 NONE
(Default)
 ON
 OVER
 UNDER
 COZ
 ZERO
 BUZZER
OUTPUT Values
NONE(Default),
NET
MOTION
ERROR
LGC.AND
LGC.OR
LGC.XOR
SC.REDY
SC.EXIT
<OPT>
HIGH (Default), LOW
ALARM Values
(Default)
NONE
SINGLE
<OPT>
DOUBLE
FLASH
SOURCE Values
004R-646-111
Configure the operation of each setpoint.
TYPE determines the function of the setpoint.
Options are:














<OPT>
IO1 .. IO32
LOGIC Values
Description
<OPT>

NONE : Always inactive
ON: Always active
OVER: active if weight over target
UNDER: active of weight under target
COZ: active if Centre of Zero
ZERO: active if weight is zero
NET: active if net weight selected
MOTION: active if weight unstable
ERROR: active if error conditions detected
LGC.AND: active if inputs match the bits set in
the mask exactly
LGC.OR: active if any inputs match the bits set
in the mask
LGC.XOR: active if only one input matches the
bits set in the mask
SC.REDY: active when scale is stable and in
the zero band for more than the time set in
RDY.TIM
SC.EXIT: active when outside of zero band and
a print has occurred, or can be triggered by
SC.EXIT special function
BUZZER: activate whenever the buzzer beeps
OUTPUT specifies which IO to use or the setpoint
output.
LOGIC: Logic HIGH forces the output to follow the
setpoint activity. Logic LOW forces the output to
the reverse of the setpoint activity.
ALARM: Alarms are triggered when the setpoint is
Page 77
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
 GROSS (Default)
 NET
 GR.or.NT
 ALT.GR
 ALT.NET
 ALT.G.or.N
 IO
 STATUS
 SETP
 REG
(*)NB: Only for OVER,
UNDER and ZERO setpoints.
HYS Values
0 to 999999
Default: 0
<NUM>
(**)NB:
Only for OVER, and
UNDER setpoints.
MASK Values <NUM>
0 to 16777215 Default 0
(***)NB: Only for LGC.AND,
LGC.OR and LGC.XOR
setpoints
DLY.ON Values <NUM>
0.00 to 10.00s Default 0s
(***)NB: Only for LGC.AND,
LGC.OR and LGC.XOR
setpoints
HLD.OFF Values <NUM>
0.00 to 10.00s Default 0s
(***)NB: Only for LGC.AND,
LGC.OR and LGC.XOR
setpoints
RDY.TIM Values <NUM>
0.000 to 60.000 s
Default: 0.000
(****)NB:
Only for SC.REDY
setpoints.
NAME Values <STR>
6 character String
Page 78
active. Options are:
NONE: no alarm
SINGLE: single BEEP
DOUBLE: double BEEP
FLASH: flash display
SOURCE: Select which weight values the setpoint
checks against the target weight. Options are:
GROSS: Gross weight always
NET: Net weight always
GR.or.NT: Gross or Net depending on which
one is displayed.
ALT.GR: Alternate Gross weight always
ALT.NET: Alternate Net weight always
ALT.G.or.N: Alternate Gross or Net
depending on which one is displayed
IO: Use the external IO
STATUS: Use the instrument status
SETP: Use the setpoint status
REG: Uses a register value
HYS: Hysteresis defines the amount of weight
required for an active setpoint to become inactive
again.
A value of 0 still allows for 0.5 graduations of
hysteresis.
MASK: a 24 bit number that is used by the logic
setpoints to match IO1..IO24
DLY.ON: Delay for logic setpoints before setpoint
becomes active.
HLD.OFF: Delay for logic setpoints before setpoint
becomes inactive.
RDY.TIM: the time that the scale must be in the
zero band and stable before the SC.REDY setpoint
will become active
NAME: give the setpoint a name, this will be shown
when editing targets for OVER or UNDER type
setpoints.
REG: If source of REG is selected then you can set
the register number here
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.9. AXLE (K405)
12.9.1.
MIN.WGT (Minimum weight)
Path
AXLE
└ MIN.WGT
Values <NUM>
Description
The minimum axle weight.
0 .. 999999
Default 500
12.9.2.
IDLE (Idle time)
Path
AXLE
└ IDLE
Values <NUM>
0.00 .. 60.00 s
Default 5.00 s
004R-646-111
Description
How long to wait for next axle.
Page 79
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.10. AXLE (K422)
12.10.1.
MIN.WGT (Minimum weight)
Path
AXLE
└ MIN.WGT
Values <NUM>
Description
The minimum axle weight.
0 .. 999999
Default 500
12.10.2.
HYS (Hysteresis)
Path
AXLE
└ HYS
Values <NUM>
0 .. 999999
Default 0
12.10.3.
WINDOW (Window size)
Path
AXLE
└ WINDOW
Values <NUM>
0 ..100 %
Default 20%
12.10.4.
Description
How long to wait for next axle.
OFFSET (Window offset)
Path
AXLE
└ OFFSET
Page 80
Description
This sets the max speed supported.
IDLE (Idle time)
Path
AXLE
└ IDLE
Values <NUM>
0.00 .. 60.00 s
Default 5.00 s
12.10.6.
Description
Window size to use.
MIN.TIM (Minimum time)
Path
AXLE
└ MIN.TIM
Values <NUM>
0.03 .. 4.00 s
Default 0.50 s
12.10.5.
Description
Hysteresis for axle weight.
Description
Offset for window.
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Values <NUM>
0..100 %
Default 40 %
12.10.7.
ED (Dynamic reading count-by)
Path
AXLE
└ ED
Values <OPT>
_1_, _2_, _5_(Default), _10_,
_20_, _50_, _100_
12.10.8.
MODE (Capture mode)
Path
AXLE
└ MODE
Values <OPT>
DYNAMIC(Default), STATIC
12.10.9.
Description
Count-by setting for dynamic weights.
Description
Weighing mode.
IN.STRT (Capture start input)
Path
AXLE
└ IN.STRT
Values <OPT>
NONE(Default), IO1 .. IO32
Description
input for start of axle, if not set then the min weight
will be used instead. If this input is set then
capturing will start when the input goes high rather
than by the weight.
12.10.10. IN.END (End capture input)
Path
AXLE
└ IN.END
Values <OPT>
NONE(Default), IO1 .. IO32
Description
input for end of axle, if not set the min weight
(minus hysteresis) is used instead. (end capture
input) If this input is set then capturing will end
when the input goes high rather than by the weight.
12.10.11. GROUP (Axle group time)
Path
AXLE
└ GROUP
Values <NUM>
0.00 .. 60.00 s
Default 0
Description
How long to wait for next axle in group, set to 0 for
no groups. If this is set then axle group sub-totals
will calculated. This time sets how long to wait for
an axle before the group is considered finished.
12.10.12. DYN.SCL (Dynamic reading scaling factor)
Path
AXLE
└ DYN.SCL
Values <NUM>
0.500000 .. 2.000000
Default 1.000000
004R-646-111
Description
Scaling factor for dynamic weights.
Page 81
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
12.10.13. I/LOCK (Truck weighing interlock)
Path
AXLE
└ I.LOCK
Values <OPT>
NONE(Default), IO1 .. IO32
Description
Input for interlock, must be high for the entire truck.
If set, this input must remain high throughout the
entire truck capture. The truck will be finished as
soon as the input goes low. If the input goes low
during an axle capture then you will get an error.
12.10.14. IL.TIME (Truck weighing interlock time)
Path
AXLE
└ IL.TIME
Values <NUM>
0.00 .. 60.00 s
Default 0
Description
If set it will limit the time the truck can take. If this is
set then the complete truck weighing must be
completed before the time set or you will get an
error.
12.11. End (Save and exit)
Page 82
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
13. Calibration
The calibration of the indicator is fully digital. The calibration results are stored in
permanent memory for use each time the instrument is powered up.
Note: Some of the digital setup steps can affect calibration. The SCALE:BUILD and
SCALE:OPTION settings MUST be configured before calibration is attempted.
To perform a calibration, when in Full Setup select the SCALE:CAL menu.
The calibration programme will automatically prevent the instrument from being calibrated
into an application outside of its specification. If an attempt is made to calibrate outside of
the permitted range, an error message will display and the calibration will be abandoned.
Refer to Calibration Errors page 89.
Note: It should not be assumed that just because the instrument has successfully
calibrated a scale, that the scale is correct for trade use. Always check the scale
build against the approval specification.
13.1. Performing a Digital Calibration with Test Weights
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
Figure 11: Chart - Zero and Span Points to Interpolate Weight from Load Cell
The Zero setting (SCALE:CAL:ZERO) specifies a gross zero point for the scale.
The Span setting (SCALE:CAL:SPAN) specifies a second point (preferably close
to full scale) used to convert the A/D readings into weighing units (eg. kg). It is
important that an initial ZERO calibration is performed before any SPAN
calibrations. The chart shown here demonstrates how the zero and span points are
used to interpolate a weight reading from the load cell reading.
Notes:
1. Calibration points (Zero, Span and Linearisation) must be spaced
by at least 2% of Full scale from each other.
2. First span point must be 10% of full scale or greater for
successful calibration.
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13.1.1.
Page 84
ZERO (Zero Calibration Routine)
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13.1.2.
SPAN (Span Calibration Routine)
13.2. Performing a Calibration with Direct mV/V Entry
In applications where test weights are not easily available, it is possible to calibrate
the instrument directly by entering the mV/V signal strength at Zero and Span. The
Direct Zero setting (SCALE:CAL:DIR.ZER) specifies a gross zero point for the
scale. The Direct Span setting (SCALE:CAL:DIR.SPN) specifies the mV/V signal
strength corresponding to an applied mass. This calibration technique is not
compatible with linearisation. Clearly the accuracy of this type of calibration is
limited to the accuracy of the direct mV/V data.
13.2.1.
DIR.ZER (Direct Zero Calibration Entry)
Press the <OK> key to start. The display will show the current weight.
Press the <OK> key. Change the mV/V setting to the correct value for Zero and
press the <OK> key. DONE will be displayed along with the weight to allow the
reading to be checked.
Press the <OK> to leave the zero routine.
13.2.2.
DIR.SPN (Direct Span Calibration Entry)
Press the <OK> key to start. The display will show the current weight.
Press the <OK> key. Change the weight to the correct value and press the <OK>
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key.
Change the mV/V setting to the correct value and press the <OK> key. DONE will
be displayed along with the weight to allow the reading to be checked.
Press the <OK> to leave the zero routine.
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13.3. Using Linearisation
Linearisation is used to approximate the weight output to a non-linear scale. The
chart below shows a non-linear characteristic for the load cell output. From the
chart, it can be seen that the trace with no linearisation applied is a poor
approximation to the real characteristic. By applying one or more linearisation
points, more accurate weight readings can be achieved.
3500
Actual Load Cell Characteristic
No Linearisation
Linearisation Applied
3000
Span Point
Weight (Kg)
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
Linearisation Point
Zero Point
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
Load Cell Output (mV)
Figure 12: Chart - Non-Linear Characteristic for Load Cell Output
To perform a linearisation, a calibration of the zero and full scale span points must
have been performed. Both the zero and full scale calibration points are used in the
linearisation of the scale base. These two points are assumed to be accurately set
and thus have no linearisation error.
A maximum of ten linearisation points can be set independently between zero and
full scale. Unused or unwanted points may also be cleared. The maximum
correction that can be applied using a linearisation point is + / - 2%.
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13.3.1.
ED.LIN (Edit Linearisation Points)
13.3.2.
CLR.LIN (Clear Linearisation)
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13.4. Calibration Errors
Following are a list of the possible error messages that may be displayed to warn of
failed or incorrect calibration:
Error
Description
Resolution
(FAILED)
An attempt has been made to Check weights and retry.
(BAND)
calibrate with a weight or
signal which is not in the valid
range.
(FAILED)
An attempt has been made to Check loadcell connection and
(ERROR)
calibrate while the scale
the 4-wire/6-wire setting.
signal is not valid.
(FAILED)
For an unknown reason, the
Retry.
(TIMEOUT)
calibration was unable to
complete.
(FAILED)
An attempt has been made to Check weights and retry.
(RES)
calibrate the scale to a
resolution which is too high
for the instrument.
(FAILED)
An attempt has been made to Check weights and retry.
(TOO CLOSE) add a linearisation point too
close to zero, span or another
linearisation point.
Table 5: Calibration errors
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14. Network Communications
14.1. Introduction
The RS-232, RS-485 and the optical communications can be used for networking.
Warning: The calibration counter is incremented when the calibration related
settings are changed. This means that calibration via a serial port cannot be carried
out without affecting the certification of a trade installation.
Serial communications parameters like BAUD, PARITY, etc for the RS232 or
RS485 serial ports are setup in the HDWARE menu.
The Optical Communications port is fixed to operate at 9600 baud, no parity, 8 data
bits and 1 stop bit. The optical communications cable must be used.
14.2. Network Protocol B
The network protocol uses ASCII characters with a single master POLL /
RESPONSE message structure. All information and services are provided by
registers each of which has its own register address.
14.2.1.
Basic Message Format
The basic message format is as follows:
ADDR
CMD
REG

:DATA
ADDR
ADDR is a two character hexadecimal field corresponding with the following:
ADDR
80H
Field Name
Response
Description
‘0’ for messages sent from the master (POLL).
‘1’ for messages received from an instrument
(RESPONSE)
40H
Error
Set to indicate that the data in this message is an
error code and not a normal response.
20H
Reply Required
Set by the master to indicate that a reply to this
message is required by any slave that it is
addressed to. If not set, the slave should silently
perform the command.
00H
..
1FH
Page 90
Indicator Address Valid instrument addresses are 01
31).
H
to 1F H (1 ..
00 H is the broadcast address. All slaves must
process broadcast commands. When replying to
broadcasts, slaves reply with their own address in
this field.
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CMD is a two character hexadecimal field:
CMD
Command
Description
05H
Read Literal
Read register contents in a ‘human readable’ format
11H
Read Final
Read register contents in a hexadecimal data format
16H
Read Final
(Decimal)
Same as Read Final except numbers are decimal.
12H
Write Final
Write the DATA field to the register.
17H
Write Final
(Decimal)
Same as Write Final except numbers are decimal.
10H
Execute
REG
: DATA

Execute function defined by the register using
parameters supplied in the DATA field.
is a four character hexadecimal field that defines the address of the
Register specified in the message.
See Appendix 3:
Communications Registers page 121 for a list of registers used by the
instrument. The viewer software will show the register address for
each setting in the menu structure when they are accessed.
carries the information for the message. Some messages require no
DATA (eg Read Commands) so the field is optional. When a DATA
field is used a ‘:’ (COLON) character is used to separate the header
(ADDR CMD REG) and DATA information.
is the message termination (CR LF or “;”).
Note: The hexadecimal codes are combined in the fields described above when
multiple options are active at the same time. For example an error response
message from instrument address 5 would have an ADDR code of C5 H (80H + 40H
+ 05H).
14.2.2.
Termination
Message termination is possible in two ways.

For normal communications that do not involve checksums use either a
CRLF (ASCII 13, ASCII 10) as a terminator or a semicolon (‘;’ ASCII ). There
is no start-of-message delimiter.

To use a checksum the message is framed as:
SOH <Message> CRC EOT
SOH
ASCII 01
CRC
a 4 character hexadecimal field comprising the 16 bit CRC checksum. The
CRC uses the 16 bit CCITT polynomial calculation and includes only the
contents of the <Message> section of the transmission.
EOT
ASCII 04
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14.2.3.
Error Handling
If a command cannot be processed, the indicator returns an error. The ERROR bit
in the ADDR field is set and the DATA field contains the Error Code as follows:
Error
DATA
Description
Unknown Error
C000H
Error is of unknown type
Not Implemented Error
A000H
Feature not implemented on this device
Access Denied
9000H
Passcode required to access this register
Data Under Range
8800H
Data too low for this register
Data Over Range
8400H
Data too high for this register
Illegal Value
8200H
Data not compatible with this register
Illegal Operation
8100H
CMD field unknown
Bad parameter
8040H
Parameter not valid for this execute register
Menu in Use
8020H
Cannot modify register values while SETUP
menus are active
Viewer Mode required
8010H
Advanced operation chosen which requires
the instrument to be in viewer mode.
Checksum required
8008H
A checksum is required for the chosen
command.
Table 6: Network error codes
14.2.4.
Ring Network Enhancement
Instruments with software revision V2.31+ can be configured in a Ring Network via
a M42xx module (software revision 1.01+). This requires the central computer to
send additional framing characters, ‘Echo-On’ (=<DC2> =ASCII 12 H) and ‘EchoOff’ (=<DC4> =ASCII 14 H) around each command. Below is an example Ring
Network command and response:
<DC2>20110150:<CR><LF>
<DC4>
<DC2>20110150:<CR><LF>
81110150:07/01/2030 17-29<CR><LF>
82110150:07/01/2030 17-30<CR><LF>
<DC4>
14.2.5.
Calibrating an instrument over a network
An instrument can be calibrated over a network using the network protocol. The
registers relating to calibration are listed in Appendix 3: Communications Registers
page 121 and marked with the symbol “*”. Note that changing the calibration of an
instrument via the network will increment the calibration counters and void the scale
certification.
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These registers are protected by the full access passcode if it is being used. In this
case, the Enter Full Passcode register is necessary in the process of calibration. If
the rear button is used to access the menus normally, then a long press of the rear
button will enter a mode that permits calibration via the network.
14.3. Network Protocol SIMPLE
The simple network protocol allows the indicator to respond to common simple
ASCII key press commands and enable the indicator to be used in legacy systems.
The response setting (RESP) defines if there is any response sent to successful
commands. A setting of OK will send OK<CR> on successful receipt of command or
??<CR> if the command is not understood.
Function
Simple commands
Zero Key
Z<CR>
%z
\FAh
KZERO<CR>
Tare Key
T<CR>
%t
\F4h
KTARE<CR>
Gross/Net Key
%s
\F3h
KGROSSNET<CR>
To Gross
G<CR>
0%s
KGROSS<CR>
To Net
N<CR>
1%s
KNET<CR>
Print Key
%p
\F0h
KPRINT<CR>
Single
P<CR>
W<CR>
\05h
\95h
\96h
S<CR>
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0..9 Keys
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, .
K0, K1 .. K9, KDOT<CR>
OK Key
%e
\E5h
\0Dh
KENTER<CR>
Cancel Key
\1Bh
14.4. Network Protocol BARCODE
The barcode network protocol allows a barcode scanner to be connected to the
instrument to select the Truck ID. The command is in the form of:
aaaaaaaaCRLF
where aaaaaaaa is the name of the Trick ID.
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14.4.1.
Protocol B Examples
Description
Read Gross Weight
( Read Final)
COMMAND:
20110026
RESPONSE:
81110026:00000064
COMMAND:
Read Gross Weight (Register 0026):
ADDR = 20H : Reply required from any instrument
CMD = 11H : Read Final
REG = 0026H : Gross Weight
RESPONSE:
Response is from instrument #1 which currently has
a Gross weight of 64 H = 100 kg.
Read Gross Weight
(Read Literal)
COMMAND:
20050026
RESPONSE:
81050026:
100 kg G
COMMAND:
Read Gross Weight (Register 0026 H):
ADDR = 20H : Reply required from any instrument
CMD = 05H : Read Literal
REG = 0026H : Gross Weight
RESPONSE:
Same response from instrument #1 but in literal
format.
Set Print Header
(Write Final, Execute)
COMMAND A:
2112A381:Hello There
RESPONSE A:
C112A381:9000
COMMAND B:
2112001A:4D2
RESPONSE B:
8112001A:0000
COMMAND C:
2112A381:Hello There
RESPONSE C:
8112A381:0000
COMMAND D:
21100010
RESPONSE D:
81100010:0000
COMMAND A:
Write Print Header String (Register A381 H)
ADDR = 21H : Reply required from instrument #1
CMD = 12H : Write Final
REG = A381H : Print Header String
DATA = ‘Hello There’
RESPONSE A:
Instrument #1 reports “ERROR: Access Denied”.
(Writing to this register requires a passcode)
COMMAND B:
Enter SAFE SETUP Passcode (Register 1A H)
ADDR = 21H : Reply required from instrument #1
CMD = 12H : Write Final
REG = 1AH : Enter SAFE PASSCODE
DATA = 4D2H (passcode is 1234)
RESPONSE B:
Instrument #1 reports Passcode Accepted
COMMAND C: (resend COMMAND A).
RESPONSE C:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
COMMAND D:
Save Settings (Register 10 H)
ADDR = 21H : Reply required from instrument #1
CMD = 10H : Execute
REG = 10H : Save Settings
RESPONSE D:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
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Description
Trigger Zero Button
Press
(Write Final)
COMMAND A:
COMMAND A:
Send down the Zero button key code.
RESPONSE A:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
21120008:0B
RESPONSE A:
81120008:0000
COMMAND B:
21120008:8E
RESPONSE B:
81120008:0000
COMMAND B:
Do a long press of the F1 key.
RESPONSE B:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
Streaming
COMMAND A:
(Write Final, Read Final,
Setup to read the displayed weight.
Execute)
RESPONSE A:
COMMAND A:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
21120042:06
RESPONSE A:
81120042:0000
COMMAND B:
Setup to read the IO status.
COMMAND B:
21120043:11
RESPONSE B:
RESPONSE B:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
81120043:0000
COMMAND C:
COMMAND C:
21110040
RESPONSE C:
81110040:000005DB000
00009
COMMAND D:
21120041:03
RESPONSE D:
81120041:0000
Read the combined data.
RESPONSE C:
Data is concatenated.
each.
It is 8 hexadecimal digits
COMMAND D:
Set streaming to 3Hz.
RESPONSE D:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
COMMAND E:
21100040:1
RESPONSE E:
81100040:00000000
81110040:000005DB000
00009
81110040:000005DB000
00009
COMMAND G:
21100040:0
RESPONSE G:
81100040:00000000
Page 96
COMMAND E:
Start the automatic streaming.
RESPONSE E:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command
followed by streamed data at 3Hz.
Successful”
COMMAND G:
Stop the automatic streaming.
RESPONSE G:
Instrument #1 reports ”Command Successful”.
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15. Automatic Weight Output
15.1. Overview
The automatic output is normally used to drive remote displays, a dedicated computer, or
PLC communications. It is configured using the SER.AUT menu. The RS-232 or the RS485 port can be used.
The rate of transmission is set by the TYPE setting. AUTO.LO and AUTO.HI send
unsolicited messages at 10Hz and 25Hz respectively. SINGLE only sends messages
when a SINGLE input is received from an external input. This enables external systems
like PLCs to synchronise the AUTO output to their requirements. AUT.TRC sends a
message for every traceable weight and is usually combined with FMT.TRC to provide a
tally roll printer log.
15.2. Auto Weight Format String
The weight format string may be set to the following formats:
Format
FMT.A
FMT.B
FMT.C
FMT.D
FMT.E
FMT.F
FMT.REG
FMT.TRC
CUSTOM
Description
<STX> <SIGN> <WEIGHT(7)> <STATUS> <ETX>
<STX> <S0> <SIGN> <WEIGHT(7)> <UNITS(3)> <ETX>
<STX> <SIGN> <WEIGHT(7)> <S1> <S2> <S3> <S4> <UNITS(3)> <ETX>
<STX> <SIGN> <WEIGHT(7)> <ETX>
<STX> <SIGN> <WEIGHT(7)> <S5> <UNITS(3)> <MODE(4)> <ETX>
<STX> <SIGN> <WEIGHT(7)> <S6> <S7> <S8> <CR> <LF>
ADDR CMD REG : DATA
CONSEC SP DATE SP TIME SP TRACE <CR><LF>
As per contends of the EV.AUTO token string.
Where
 STX: Start of transmission character (ASCII 02).
 ETX: End of transmission character (ASCII 03).
 SIGN: The sign of the weight reading (space for positive, dash (-) for negative).
 WEIGHT(7): A seven character string containing the current weight including the
decimal point. If there is no decimal point, then the first character is a space.
Leading zero blanking applies.
 S0: Provides information on the weight reading. The characters G/N/U/O/M/E
represent Gross / Net / Underload / Overload / Motion / Error, respectively.
 UNITS(3): A three character string, the first character being a space, followed by
the actual units (eg. ^kg or ^^t). If the weight reading is not stable, the unit string
is sent as ^^^.
 S1: Displays G/N/U/O/E representing Gross / Net / Underload / Overload / Error,
respectively.
 S2: Displays M/^ representing Motion / Stable, respectively.
 S3: Displays Z/^ representing centre of Zero / Non-Zero, respectively.
 S4: Displays - representing single range.
 S5: Displays “ “/”m”/”c” representing Stable / Motion / Overload or Underload
 Mode: Displays “_g__” or “_n__” for gross or net weight.
 S6: A single character for units, displays L for pounds, K for Kg, T for ton, G for
gram
 S7: Displays G/N representing Gross / Net, respectively.
 S8: Displays O/M/I representing over/underload / Motion / Error, respectively.
 ‘ADDR CMD REG : DATA’: This is the same format as the response from a READ

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FINAL network command. The SOURCE setting selects which register is selected.
SP: Space character, “ “
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


Page 98
CONSEC: Consecutive print ID
DATE, TIME: Date and time.
TRACE: Traceable displayed weight.
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16. Printing
16.1. Overview
The instrument can have up to two (2) printouts. There are two (2) types of printout:

DOCKET: Docket printouts are comprised typically of the output of a number
of print events. There is a start section that includes header information,
followed by a number of transactions and finally the end of the docket
including sub-total information etc.

REPORT: Reports are used to print stored accumulation data for each
product.
There are two different standard formats (Format A and B) for each printout type
defined in the instrument. The format of these printouts is shown in the following
sections.
For custom printing each print event has an associated token string which includes
literal ASCII text along with special token characters that are expanded at the time
of printing to fields like weight, time and date.
16.2. Print ID
A unique Consecutive Print ID appears on record printouts. It cannot be cleared
and increments for every traceable weight reading. Additionally a Settable
Consecutive Print ID is available through custom printing. It can be viewed and
edited through the operator interface User ID key (long press key 5).
16.3. Docket printouts
16.3.1.
Docket Formats
Each standard format (A or B) will vary automatically depending on the operational
scenario – for example where a truck is being weighed (normal mode) there is a
single line for the weight, the case where there is preset tare being used the docket
format will automatically adjust for this and use Gross, Tare, Net.

K404
Format
FMT.A
Normal mode
FMT.A
Preset Tare
FMT.A
004R-646-111
Example
Sams Public Truck Scale
10/02/10 09:31:39
000000164
150.0kg
TOTAL:
150.0kg
Thank You for your Business
Drive Carefully
10/02/10 09:35:36 000000167 123ABC
GROSS:
150.0kg
TARE:
65.0kg PT
NET:
85.0kg
Thank You for your Business
Drive Carefully
Sams Public Truck Scale
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Two Pass
weigh in
Weigh out
06/01/10 16:47:07 000000003 T1
960kg
06/01/10 16:47:50 000000004 T1
WEIGH IN:
960kg
WEIGH OUT:
1440kg
NET WEIGHT:
480kg
WEIGH IN:
Thank You for your Business
Drive Carefully
FMT.B
Two Pass
weigh in
Weigh out
Sams Public Truck Scale
06/01/10 16:49:57
TRUCK: T1
SEQ: 000000005
WEIGH IN:
960kg
06/01/10 16:50:28
TRUCK: T1
SEQ: 000000006
WEIGH IN:
960kg
WEIGH OUT:
1440kg
NET WEIGHT:
480kg
Thank You for your Business
Drive Carefully
CUSTOM

EV.D.NEW
PRN.KEY
EV.WI
EV.WO.1
EV.WO.2
EV.D.WO
EV.D.END
K405 and K422
Format
FMT.A
Normal mode
Example
Sam's Public Truck Scale
AXLE
1:
1960kg
AXLE
2:
1660kg
AXLE
3:
1780kg
AXLE
4:
2090kg
AXLE
5:
2330kg
19/09/13 15:03:05 000000053
AXLES:
5
TOTAL:
9820kg
Thank You for your business
Drive Carefully
FMT.A
Preset Tare
Sam's Public Truck Scale
AXLE
1:
AXLE
2:
AXLE
3:
AXLE
4:
AXLE
5:
19/09/13 15:14:00
AXLES:
GROSS:
TARE:
NET:
Page 100
1690kg
2090kg
1760kg
2160kg
1800kg
000000071 T2
5
9500kg
8000kg
1500kg
PT
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FMT.A
Two Pass
weigh in
Weigh out
FMT.B
Normal mode
Thank You for your business
Drive Carefully
Sam's Public Truck Scale
AXLE
1:
AXLE
2:
AXLE
3:
AXLE
4:
AXLE
5:
19/09/13 15:11:25
1960kg
1760kg
1840kg
1470kg
2350kg
000000065 T2
AXLES:
5
WEIGH IN:
8900kg
WEIGH OUT:
9380kg
NET:
480kg
Thank You for your business
Drive Carefully
Sam's Public Truck Scale
AXLE
1:
1630kg
AXLE
2:
1560kg
AXLE
3:
1710kg
AXLE
4:
1620kg
AXLE
5:
1650kg
19/09/13 15:16:05
SEQ: 000000077
AXLES:
5
TOTAL:
8170kg
Thank You for your business
Drive Carefully
FMT.B
Preset Tare
FMT.B
Two Pass
weigh in
Weigh out
Sam's Public Truck Scale
AXLE
1:
1960kg
AXLE
2:
1770kg
AXLE
3:
2000kg
AXLE
4:
1910kg
AXLE
5:
1920kg
19/09/13 15:24:25
TRUCK: T2
SEQ: 000000095
AXLES:
5
GROSS:
9560kg
TARE:
8000kg
NET:
1560kg
Thank You for your business
Drive Carefully
Sam's Public Truck Scale
AXLE
1:
1780kg
AXLE
2:
1970kg
AXLE
3:
1980kg
AXLE
4:
1940;kg
AXLE
5:
2010kg
19/09/13 15:22:29
TRUCK: T2
SEQ: 000000089
AXLES:
WEIGH IN:
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PT
5
8410kg
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WEIGH OUT:
9680kg
NET:
1270kg
Thank You for your business
Drive Carefully
EV.D.NEW
EV.WI
EV.WO.1
EV.WO.2
EV.D.WO
EV.AXLE
ABORT
EV.GRP (K422)
EV.D.END
CUSTOM
16.3.2.
Custom Docket Events
Custom Docket Events and associated operator actions:
Action
Event
EV.D.NEW
PRN.KEY
EV.WI
EV.WO.1
Print Key
EV.WO.2
EV.D.WO
EV.AXLE
ABORT
Long
Press
Print Key
Page 102
Event Description
Event Docket New - controls the first part of the docket that is
printed along with the first transaction.
Event Print - controls the format of each transaction in normal
mode on the docket. (K404 only)
Event Weigh In – controls the format of each weigh in
transaction on the docket.
Event Weigh Out 1 – controls the format of each weigh out
with Preset Tare transaction on the docket.
Event Weigh Out 2 – controls the format of each weigh out
with first weight transaction on the docket.
Event Docket Weigh Out – controls the format of the end of
the docket when weighing out.
Defines the string to be printed for each axle. (K405 and
K422 only)
Defines the string to be printed if weighing aborted. (K405
and K422 only)
EV.GRP
Defines the string to be printed for each axle group.
(K422 only)
EV.D.END
Event Docket End - controls the format of the end of the
docket in normal mode including printing sub-totals etc.
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16.4. Report printouts
Format
FMT.A
FMT.B
CUSTOM
Example
06/01/10 16:54:37
Grand Total
T2
480kg
T3
690kg
Total
1170kg
06/01/10 16:55:29
Grand Total
T2
480kg, T3
Total
1170kg
REP.ST
REP.PR
REP.END
690kg,
Custom Report Events and associated operator actions:
Action
Press
Report
Key
Change
Product
Event
Event Description
REP.ST
Report Start - defines the start of the report.
REP.PR
Report Product **- defines what is printed for each product
REP.END
Report End - defines the end of the report.
** Note: REP.PR is for per Truck ID printing in the report and is not an event triggered by
changing the Truck ID. If there is anything in the REP.PR then it will be printed for all
Truck IDs that have a total when the report is printed.
16.5. Custom Printing
A print docket is built up from multiple print passes. Each of the print passes is defined by
a specific configuration string. Print passes are triggered by operator events – these
include short and long press of the Print key and actions like changing products.
The content of the configuration string for each event includes direct text (the word
“Weight” to be placed near the current weight for example) and control characters called
‘Tokens’. Tokens are used to specify where the instrument data fields are to be inserted.
Tokens are characters outside the normal printable range. Each token character is
represented by a three character escape sequence consisting of a ‘\’ followed by two hex
characters or by a three digit decimal ASCII number. When entering tokens via the
instrument keys the decimal ASCII code is used. When entering tokens using the viewer
software the escape sequence is used.
Examples of tokens:
\D7 (ASCII 215) = current displayed weight
\BF (ASCII 191) = date
\C0 (ASCII 192) = time
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A simple custom format string might be:
‘Weight: \D7\C1'
To produce Weight: 30.0kg ^ when the print key is pressed.
Events are triggered by short and long press of the Print key and changing products as
listed as listed in the tables for each type.
Below are some examples of dockets and reports and their associated custom print
strings.
Docket Example Print Outs
Custom Print Strings
Sams Public Truck Scale
PRN.KEY: \BF \C0
06/01/10 16:47:07 000000003 T1
WEIGH IN:
960kg
06/01/10 16:47:50 000000004 T1
WEIGH IN:
960kg
WEIGH OUT:
1440kg
NET WEIGHT:
480kg
EV.D.NEW: \C3\C6\C1\
Thank You for your Business
Drive Carefully
\C5 \BA\E9,\C1
EV.D.END: \B8\C1Total: \DD\C1\C7\C1\C4
EV.WI: \BF \C0
\E9\C1
\C5 \BA\D7 WEIGH IN:
EV.WO.1: \BF \C0 \C5 \BA\D7 \C1GROSS:
\BB\D8\C1 TARE: \BA\E1 PT\C1 NET:
\9B\E9\C1
EV.WO.2: \BF \C0 \C5 \BA\D7\C1 WEIGH
IN: \EF\C1 WEIGH OUT: \BB\D8\C1 NET
WEIGHT: \9B\BA\E9\C1
Sams Public Truck Scale
06/01/10 16:49:57
TRUCK: T1
SEQ: 000000005
WEIGH IN:
960kg
06/01/10 16:50:28
TRUCK: T1
SEQ: 000000006
WEIGH IN:
960kg
WEIGH OUT:
1440kg
NET WEIGHT:
480kg
Thank You for your Business
Drive Carefully
EV.D.WO: \C7\C1\C4
PRN.KEY: \BF \C0\C1\C5\BA \E9\C1
EV.D.NEW: \C3\C6\C1
EV.D.END: \B8 TOTAL \DD\C1\C7\C1\C4
EV.WI: \BF \C0\C1TRUCK: \BA\D7\C1SEQ:
\C5\C1 WEIGH IN: \E9\C1\C1
EV.WO.1: \C1\BF \C0\C1TRUCK:
\BA\D7\C1SEQ: \C5\C1GROSS: \BB\D8\C1
TARE: \BA\E1 PT\C1 NET: \9B\E9\C1
EV.WO.2: \C1\BF \C0\C1TRUCK:
\BA\D7\C1SEQ: \C5\C1 WEIGH IN: \EF\C1
WEIGH OUT: \BB\D8\C1NET WEIGHT:
\9B\BA\E9\C1
EV.D.WO: \C7\C1\C4
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Report Example Print Outs
Custom Print Strings
06/01/10 16:54:37
Grand Total
T2
480kg
T3
690kg
Total
1170kg
REP.ST: \C3\BF \C0\C1Grand Total\C1
REP.PR: \BA\D7 \D9\C1
REP.END: Total
\B8\D9\C1\C4
REP.ST: \C3\BF \C0\C1Grand Total\C1
06/01/10 16:55:29
Grand Total
T2
480kg, T3
690kg,
Total
1170kg
16.5.1.
REP.PR: \BA\D7 \D9,
REP.END: \C1Total
\B8\D9\C1\C4
Page Tokens
The page number token must be used prior to the required token in the custom print
string. For example the token D7 is used in both Page 0 and Page 4 and has different
meanings.
Custom Print String:
Code
190 (BEH)
215 (D7H)
Token
Page 0: Current Weight
Displayed reading (gross or net)
Custom Print String:
Code
186 (BAH)
215 (D7H)
\BE\D7
\BA\D7
Token
Page 4: Current Product
Product name
Refer to Table 10: Print tokens: pages on page 115 for the list of codes for the tables and
the various table are defined in section 19.3 Tokens page 115.
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17. Setpoints
17.1. Overview
The K404, K405 and K422 software supports up to 8 separate set points. Each set
point is independently configured for a particular function and can be associated
with a particular Output Driver. The set point can be configured to flash the
instrument display or sound a buzzer as well as driving a physical output.
A set point target is set by the operator using the Target Key on the front panel or
via Viewer using the Operator Menu. Refer to 5.12 Target page 33 for button
operation.
17.2. Outputs
The instrument supports 32 input/output control points. The application software
uses these control points to decide what the control functions are and the accessory
modules respond according to their specific hardware.
Setpointing requires the use of outputs so it is important to select IO control points
that have associated hardware output drivers that suit your application.
17.3. Common Settings
There are a number of settings that are common to all setpoint types. These are as
follows:

OUTPUT: Select which IO control point to use. Options are NONE,
IO1..IO32. NONE is useful if the setpoint is only being used trigger an
alarm.

LOGIC: This setting determines whether the output is normally on or
normally off. Logic HIGH means the output follows the activity of the
setpoint and is on when the setpoint conditions are met. Logic LOW
reverses the operation of the output.
For example: Consider a Center-of-Zero status setpoint. This type of
setpoint is active when the Centre-of-Zero annunciator is lit. With logic
HIGH an output would turn on whenever the Centre-of-Zero annunciator
was lit. With logic LOW the output would turn off when the Centre-ofZero annunciator is lit and remain on otherwise.
Note that the outputs revert to the off state when the instrument SETUP
menus are active.
Page 106

ALARM: Select what alarm response is triggered when the setpoint is
active. SINGLE sounds a single beep every two seconds, DOUBLE
sounds a double beep every two seconds and FLASH flashes the
instrument display. Note that the Alarm conditions are not influenced by
the LOGIC setting, i.e. they follow the activity of the setpoint regardless of
the physical state of the output.

NAME: Name the setpoint. This will be shown when editing targets for
OVER or UNDER type setpoints.
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17.4. Weigh in (OVER) Setpoints and Weigh Out (UNDER) Setpoints
LOGIC
HIGH
LOW
Point A
ON
OFF
Point B
OFF
ON
Figure 13: OVER verses UNDER setpoints.
17.4.1.
Additional Settings
In addition to the common settings the following settings control the operation of
the OVER and UNDER setpoints

SOURCE: Select the weight source for the setpoint to use.
Options are:
004R-646-111

GROSS uses gross weight only

NET uses net weight only

‘GR or NT’ uses either gross or net depending on which is
currently displayed.

ALT.GR uses alternate gross weight only

ALT.NET uses alternate net weight only

ALT.G or N uses either alternate gross of alternate net
depending on which is currently displayed.

REG uses a register value.

SCOPE: GLOBAL means that the same targets are used for every
product. PROD lets each product have its on target values for the
setpoint.

Hysteresis (HYS): This setting determines the change in weight required
for an active setpoint to become inactive again. A value of zero still
leaves 0.5 graduations of hysteresis.
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
REG: If the source is set to register (REG) then this setting is used to set
the register to use. The register must be a number or weight value.
17.5. Status Based Setpoint Types
The following setpoint types are all based on the status of the instrument.

NONE: Setpoint is always inactive.

ON: Setpoint is always active. This type of setpoint is useful to show that the
instrument is running.

Centre of Zero (COZ): Setpoint is active when COZ annunciator is lit.

ZERO: Setpoint is active when the weight is within the Zero Band setting.
o SOURCE: The ZERO setpoint also has a SOURCE setting to
determine if the zero condition is based on the gross or net reading.
The GR.or.NT option uses the currently selected weight (gross or net).

NET: Setpoint is active when the NET annunciator is lit.

MOTION: Setpoint is active when the MOTION annunciator is lit.

ERROR: Setpoint is active when the instrument detects any error condition
signified by the display of Exxxxx on the primary display.

BUZZER: Setpoint is active when buzzer beeps.
17.6. Logic Setpoint Types
The following setpoint types are all based on the status of the inputs and the mask.

AND (LGC.AND): Setpoint is active when all inputs in the mask are on.

OR (LGC.OR): Setpoint is active when any inputs in the mask are on.

XOR (LGC.XOR): Setpoint is active when only one input in the mask is on.
SOURCE: Select the source for the setpoint to use.
Options are:

IO use the external IO

Status use the instrument status

SETP use the setpoint status

REG use a register value
REG: If the source is set to register (REG) then this setting is used to set the
register to use. The register must be a number or weight value. The decimal value
of the register address should be used.
MASK: A 32 bit number that is use to match against the selected source. If the
source is set to IO then IO1 is the least significant (first) bit and IO32 is the most
significant (32nd) bit. If the source is set to setpoint (SETP) then setpoint 1 is the
least significant (first) bit and setpoint 8 is the eighth bit as shown in the second
table below. The instrument status is broken down in the following table. This
number should be entered as a decimal value.
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Status info
Bit
Unused
Bits 30-32
Interlock error (K422 only)
29
Wrong direction error (K422 only)
28
Captured weight below min error (K405 and K422 only)
27
Motion error (static weighing mode) (K405 and K422 only)
26
Too slow error (K422 only)
25
Too fast error (K422 only)
24
No axle weighing error (K405 and K422 only)
23
Waiting state (K405 and K422 only)
22
Captured state (K405 and K422 only)
21
Sampling state (K405 and K422 only)
20
Idle state (K405 and K422 only)
19
Above min weight (K405 and K422 only)
18
Below min weight (K405 and K422 only)
17
No errors
16
Overload
15
Underload
14
Error
13
Preset tare not active
12
Preset tare active
11
High range
10
Low range
9
Stable
8
Motion
7
Not centre-of-zero
6
Centre-of-zero
5
Not Zero
4
Zero
3
Gross
2
Net
1
SETP info
Bit
Unused
Bits 17-32
Not setpoint 8
16
Not setpoint 7
15
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Not setpoint 6
14
Not setpoint 5
13
Not setpoint 4
12
Not setpoint 3
11
Not setpoint 2
10
Not setpoint 1
9
Setpoint 8
8
Setpoint 7
7
Setpoint 6
6
Setpoint 5
5
Setpoint 4
4
Setpoint 3
3
Setpoint 2
2
Setpoint 1
1
DLY.ON: delay before setpoint becomes active.
HLD.OFF: delay before setpoint becomes inactive.
17.7. Scale Entry/Exit Setpoint Types
The following setpoint types are all based on the status of the indicator.

Scale Ready (SC.REDY): Setpoint is active when in the zero band and
stable for longer than the time set in RDY.TIM.

Scale Exit (SC.EXIT): Setpoint is active when outside of the zero band and
either a print has occurred or the scale exit (SC.EXIT) special function has
been triggered.
Ready Time (RDY.TIM): Time in seconds that the scale must be stable in the zero
band before the scale is ready.
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18. Appendix 1: Dimensions
Weight Indicator
3D View
Front View
Side View
Back View
Dimensions in mm (1 inch = 25.4 mm)
Weight Indicator (With Rear Enclosure)
3D View
Back View
Side View With Boot and Stand
Side View
Dimensions in mm (1 inch = 25.4 mm)
Table 7: Dimensions
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Dimensions in mm (1 inch = 25.4 mm)
Stainless Steel Weight Indicator
3D View
Front View
Side View
Back View
Dimensions in mm (1 inch = 25.4 mm)
Stainless Steel Weight Indicator
(With Rear Enclosure)
3D View
Front View
323.3mm
12.73in
213.3mm
8.40in
267.1mm
10.52in
Page 112
142.5mm 5.61in
133.6mm 5.26in
110mm 4.33in
80mm 3.15in
60mm 2.36in
40mm 1.57in
0mm 0.00in
40mm 1.57in
142.5mm 5.61in
133.6mm 5.26in
110mm 4.33in
32mm 1.26in
213.3mm
8.40in
130mm
5.12in
83.3mm
3.28in
32mm
1.26in
60mm 2.36in
Bottom View
131.6mm
5.18in
80mm 3.15in
Side View
0mm 0.00in
5mm 0.20in
13.5mm 0.53in
23.5mm 0.92in
45mm 1.77in
48.5mm 1.91in
80mm 3.15in
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18.1. Trade Label
A trade label showing scale and instrument
information is usually required. This can
be placed on the front of the instrument:
Figure 14: Trade label position.
18.2. Lead Seals
Figure 15: Lead seal on rear of instrument.
18.2.1.
Destructible Sticker Seals
Figure 17: Destructible sticker seal on rear
18.2.2.
Figure 16: Lead Seal on boot
Figure 18: Destructible sticker seal on boot.
Electronic Seal
The value of the calibration counter should be written on
certification/sealing sticker. See page 53 calibration counter details.
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scale
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19. Appendix 2: Print and Automatic Transmission Tokens
19.1. ASCII codes
Code
Char
Code
Ch
Code
Ch
Code
Ch
Code
Ch
(*)
NULL
SOH
STX
ETX
EOT
ENQ
ACK
BEL
BS
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR
SO
SI
DLE
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
NAK
SYN
ETB
CAN
EM
026 (1AH)
027 (1BH)
028 (1CH)
029 (1DH)
030 (1EH)
031 (1FH)
032 (20H)
033 (21H)
034 (22H)
035 (23H)
036 (24H)
037 (25H)
038 (26H)
039 (27H)
040 (28H)
041 (29H)
042 (2AH)
043 (2BH)
044 (2CH)
045 (2DH)
046 (2EH)
047 (2FH)
048 (30H)
049 (31H)
050 (32H)
051 (33H)
SUB
ESC
FS
GS
RS
US
052 (34H)
053 (35H)
054 (36H)
055 (37H)
056 (38H)
057 (39H)
058 (3AH)
059 (3BH)
060 (3CH)
061 (3DH)
062 (3EH)
063 (3FH)
064 (40H)
065 (41H)
066 (42H)
067 (43H)
068 (44H)
069 (45H)
070 (46H)
071 (47H)
072 (48H)
073 (49H)
074 (4AH)
075 (4BH)
076 (4CH)
077 (4DH)
‘4’
‘5’
‘6’
‘7’
‘8’
‘9’
‘:’
‘;’
‘<’
‘=’
‘>’
‘?’
‘@’
‘A’
‘B’
‘C’
‘D’
‘E’
‘F’
‘G’
‘H’
‘I’
‘J’
‘K’
‘L’
‘M’
078 (4EH)
079(4FH)
080 (50H)
081 (51H)
082 (52H)
083 (53H)
084 (54H)
085 (55H)
086 (56H)
087 (57H)
088 (58H)
089 (59H)
090 (5AH)
091 (5BH)
092 (5CH)
093 (5DH)
094 (5EH)
095 (5FH)
096 (60H)
097 (61H)
098 (62H)
099 (63H)
100 (64H)
101 (65H)
102 (66H)
103 (67H)
‘N’
‘O’
‘P’
‘Q’
‘R’
‘S’
‘T’
‘U’
‘V’
‘W’
‘X’
‘Y’
‘Z’
‘[‘
‘\’
‘]’
‘^’
‘_’
‘`’
‘a’
‘b’
‘c’
‘d’
‘e’
‘f’
‘g’
104 (68H)
105 (69H)
106 (6AH)
107 (6BH)
108 (6CH)
109 (6DH)
110 (6EH)
111 (6FH)
112 (70H)
113 (71H)
114 (72H)
115 (73H)
116 (74H)
117 (75H)
118 (76H)
119 (77H)
120 (78H)
121 (79H)
122 (7AH)
123 (7BH)
124 (7CH)
125 (7DH)
126 (7EH)
127 (7FH)
‘h’
‘I’
‘j’
‘k’
‘l’
‘m’
‘n’
‘o’
‘p’
‘q’
‘r’
‘s’
‘t’
‘u’
‘v’
‘w’
‘x’
‘y’
‘z’
‘{‘
‘|’
‘}’
‘~’
000
001 (01H)
002 (02H)
003 (03H)
004 (04H)
005 (05H)
006 (06H)
007 (07H)
008 (08H)
009 (09H)
010 (0AH)
011 (0BH)
012 (0CH)
013 (0DH)
014 (0EH)
015 (0FH)
016 (10H)
017 (11H)
018 (12H)
019 (13H)
020 (14H)
021 (15H)
022 (16H)
023 (17H)
024 (18H)
025 (19H)
‘‘
‘!’
‘”’
‘#’
‘$’
‘%’
‘&’
‘’’
‘(‘
‘)’
‘*’
‘+’
‘,’
‘-‘
‘.’
‘/’
‘0’
‘1’
‘2’
‘3’
DEL
Table 8: ASCII Table
(*)
Use ASCII 128 to implement a literal NULL character in a custom string. ASCII 0
is used to define the end of the string.
19.2. Use of Characters in the Extended ASCII table
To use characters in the extended ASCII table, 026 (1AH) should be used - it will
allow the next character in a custom print string to be sent directly.
Example:
\1A\84
Page 114
would be
ä
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19.3. Tokens
Tokens are special ASCII characters outside the normal printing range. These
characters are used to specify where instrument data fields like ‘Current Weight’ are
to be inserted into custom format strings.
19.3.1.
Non-paged generic tokens
Code
128 (80H)
191 (BFH)
192 (C0H)
193 (C1H)
194 (C2H)
195 (C3H)
196 (C4H)
197 (C5H)
198 (C6H)
199 (C7H)
200 (C8H)
201 (C9H)
202 (CAH)
203 (CBH)
204 (CCH)
205 (CDH)
206 (CEH)
207 (CFH)
208 (D0H)
209 (D1H)
210 (D2H)
211 (D3H)
213 (D5H)
214 (D6H)
Token
ASCII NULL (send an ASCII 00H character)
Date
Time (24H format)
Newline
Left spaces
Top blank lines
Bottom blank lines
Unique consecutive print ID
Header
Footer
Page end string
User String Data 1
User String Data 2
User String Data 3
User String Data 4
User String Data 5
User String Name 1
User String Name 2
User String Name 3
User String Name 4
User String Name 5
Time (12H format)
Settable consecutive print ID
Reset to 1 the settable consecutive print ID
Table 9: Print tokens: generic
19.3.2.
Page tokens
As there is too much data to represent as individual tokens so the tokens are
divided up into pages. A page token is used to define the page for all subsequent
tokens.
Code
190 (BEH)
189 (BDH)
188 (BCH)
187 (BBH)
186 (BAH)
185 (B9H)
184 (B8H)
183 (B7H)
182 (B6H)
180 (B4H)
Token
Page 0: Current Weight
Page 1: Held Weight
Page 2: Held or Current Weight
Page 3: Traceable Weight
Page 4: Current Product
Page 5: Session Total
Page 6: Grand Total
Page 7: Register Data
Page 8: Miscellaneous weight data
Page 10: Default print strings
Table 10: Print tokens: pages
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19.3.3.
Page 0, 1, 2, 3, 7 tokens: Weight Information
These pages hold weight information. The same codes are used for each page.
Code
215 (D7H)
216 (D8H)
217 (D9H)
219 (DBH)
220 (DCH)
221 (DDH)
222 (DEH)
223 (DFH)
224 (E0H)
225 (E1H)
226 (E2H)
227 (E3H)
228 (E4H)
229 (E5H)
230 (E6H)
231
232
233
234
235
236
(E7H)
(E8H)
(E9H)
(EAH)
(EBH)
(ECH)
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
(EDH)
(EEH)
(EFH)
(F0H)
(F1H)
(F2H)
(F3H)
(F4H)
(F5H)
(F6H)
(F7H)
(F8H)
(F9H)
(FAH)
(FBH)
(FCH)
(FDH)
Token
Displayed reading (gross or net)
Gross reading
Net reading
Alternative displayed reading (gross or net)
Alternative gross reading
Alternative net reading
mV/V value
Absolute gross peak reading
Preset tare value
Tare value (tare or preset tare)
Tare label (T or PT)
Unit ID
Tracable weight date
Register Header
Ticket end
Tracacble weight time
Register Footer
Status 0: Error, Overload, Underload, Motion, Net, Gross
(Uses last weight sent)
Status 1: Error, Overload, Underload, Net, Gross (Uses last
weight sent)
Status 2: Motion, ‘ ‘
Status 3: Centre of Zero, ‘ ‘
Status 4: -, Range 1, Range 2 (Uses last weight sent)
Status 5: C, Motion, ‘ ‘
Status 6: _N__ Net, _G__ Gross (Uses last weight sent)
Status 7: Error, Overload, Underload, Motion, Net, Gross
(Uses automatic transmission reading)
Automatic transmit reading
Automatic transmit start characters
Automatic transmit end characters
Weight units
Displayed string (primary display)
Displayed unit (primary display)
Auto Transmit FMT.REG header
Auto Transmit FMT.REG weight
Auto Transmit FMT.REG status
Auto Transmit FMT.REG footer
Alternative Tare value
Status 8: Overload, Underload, In range
Status 9: Motion, Stable
Status 10: OL over/underload, US unstable, ST stable
Status 11: Gross, Net
IO status
Setpoint status
page 0 only
Page 3 only
Page 7 only
page 0 only
Page 3 only
Page 7 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
page 0 only
Table 11: Print tokens: weight information
Page 116
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19.3.4.
Page 4, 5, 6 tokens: Product Information:
These pages hold product information where:
Code
215 (D7H)
216 (D8H)
217 (D9H)
218 (DAH)
220 (DCH)
221 (DDH)
222 (DEH)
224 (E0H)
225 (E1H)
229 (E5H)
233 (E9H)
234 (EAH)
236 (ECH)
237 (EDH)
238 (EEH)
239 (EFH)
Token
Product name
Barcode
Total weight
Total alternative weight
Number of adds
Total docket weight
Total docket alternative weight
Number of docket adds
Preset tare
Alternative weight conversion
Last weight added
Last alternative weight added
Clear docket totals
Reset last product add
Clear totals on all products
First Weight
Table 12: Print tokens: product information
19.3.5.
Page 8 tokens: Miscellaneous weight data
These tokens hold weight/alternate weight information depending on which is being
displayed.
Code
Token
(D7
)
215
Displayed reading (gross or net)
H
216 (D8H) Gross reading
217 (D9H) Net reading
218 (DAH) Tare value (tare or preset tare)
219 (DBH) Status 12: weight units: Kg, Lb, ‘ ‘
220 (DCH) Status 13: Gross, Net
221 (DDH) Status 14: Overload/underload, Motion, ‘ ‘
224 (E0H) Status 15: GS (gross), NT (net) (uses last weight sent)
244 (F4H) Status 18: Dynamic, Static (K422 only)
245 (F5H) Group number (K422 only)
246 (F6H) Group number of axles (K422 only)
247 (F7H) Group total weight (K422 only)
248 (F8H) Abort reason part A (K405 and K422 only)
249 (F9H) Abort reason part B (K405 and K422 only)
250 (FAH) Status 16: Idle, Sampling, Captured, Waiting (K405 and K422 only)
251 (FBH) Status 17: too Fast, too Slow, Motion, weight Low, wrong Direction,
Interlock, Application error, Overload, Underload, ' ' (K405 and K422
only)
252 (FCH) Dynamic gross reading with error (K405 and K422 only)
253 (FDH) Dynamic live reading (K422 only)
254 (FEH) Dynamic gross reading (K405 and K422 only)
Table 13: Print tokens: weight information
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19.3.6.
Page 10 tokens: Default print strings:
These pages hold the default print strings, they are translated when the language is
switched.
Code
215 (D7H)
216 (D8H)
217 (D9H)
218 (DAH)
219 (DBH)
220 (DCH)
221 (DDH)
222 (DEH)
223 (DFH)
224 (E0H)
225 (E1H)
226 (E2H)
227 (E3H)
Token
Axles (K405 and K422 only)
Axle (K405 and K422 only)
Group (K405 and K422 only)
Total
Weigh in
Weigh out
Abort
Seq
Truck
Net
Gross
Tare
PT
Table 14: Print tokens: Default print strings
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19.3.7.
Format tokens
Format tokens define the behaviour of all subsequent tokens in a string.
Code
149 (95H)
150 (96H)
151 (97H)
152 (98H)
153 (99H)
154 (9AH)
155 (9BH)
156 (9CH)
157 (9DH)
158 (9EH)
159 (9FH)
160 (A0H)
161 (A1H)
162 (A2H)
163 (A3H)
164 (A4H)
165 (A5H)
166 (A6H)
167 (A7H)
168 (A8H)
169 (A9H)
170 (AAH)
171 (ABH)
172 (ACH)
173 (ADH)
174 (AEH)
175 (AFH)
176 (B0H)
177 (B1H)
178 (B2H)
Format Tokens
5 character weight string, decrementing to 3 with wrapping (5,4,3,5…)
6 character weight string
7 character weight string
8 character weight string
9 character weight string
10 character weight string
No sign characters
Sign is ‘ ‘ for positive and ‘-‘ for negative
Sign is ‘0‘ for positive and ‘-‘ for negative
Sign is ‘+‘ for positive and ‘-‘ for negative
No decimal point
Decimal point is ‘.’
Decimal point is ‘,’
Weight send without leading characters
Weight sent with ‘ ‘ for leading characters
Weight sent with ‘0‘ for leading characters
Show weight on error
Show dashes instead of weight on error
Show spaces instead of weight on error
Use uppercase status characters
Use lowercase status characters
Hide units
Show decimal point even if it is at the end of a number
Turn page and line tracking off
Toggle space between weight and units
Increment the length or print IDs with wrapping from 6 to 9
Don’t show weight
Include trucks with first weight set in report
Place sign adjacent to the weight
Reverse direction of the weight string
Table 15: Print tokens: formatting
Printouts have default format tokens of line and page tracking are enabled and:
Weight
 8 character weight string
 Decimal point symbol is ‘.’
 Leading characters are spaces
 Weight is sent on error
 Positive sign is space, negative
sign is ‘-‘
 Weights are displayed with units
 Status characters are uppercase
Time
 Date separator is ‘/’
 Time separator is ‘:’
 Date format is the format configured in
the setup menu
 Time is 24 hour
The Format token must be used before the token that requires the formatting. For
example where the current weight is 10kg and a formatted with no units is needed:
\BE\AA\D7 would be 10
004R-646-111
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Whereas if the AA is used after the D7 it has no effect.
\BE\D7\AA would be 10kg
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20. Appendix 3: Communications Registers
Name
Address
Type
Description
Software Model
0003H
3d
String
Returns software loaded (eg K404)
Software Version
0004H
4d
String
Returns software version (eg V2.0)
Serial Number
0005H
5d
Number
Returns instrument serial number
Key buffer entry
0008H
3d
Number
Adds a key to the key buffer. The short
press key codes are shown below. For long
presses, set the most significant bit to 1.
Key codes are:
00H: 0
0EH: F1
15H: DOWN
:
0FH: F2
16H: OK
09H: 9
10H: F3
17H: SETUP
0AH:
Power
11H: +/-
20H: IO1
12H: DP
:
0BH:
Zero
13H: CANCEL
3FH: IO32
0CH:
Tare
14H: UP
0DH: G/N
Secondary Display Left
000EH
14d
String
Write to this register to display data on left
side of Secondary Display. Note: The
display must be in Top mode.
Secondary Display Right
000FH
15d
String
Write to this register to display data on left
side of Secondary Display. Note: The display
must be in Top mode.
Save Settings
0010H
16d
Execute
Execute function with no parameters saves
any FULL or SAFE setup changes. Operator
changes are saved automatically
Enter Full Passcode
0019H
25d
Number
Write a Passcode to this register to unlock
settings protected by a FULL Passcode
If a full passcode has been set, this must be
done before any registers (which require a
full passcode) are accessed.
Example:
Sent (passcode 1):20120019;
Response: 81120019:0000
Enter Safe Passcode
001AH
26d
Number
Write a Passcode to this register to unlock
settings protected by a SAFE Passcode
ADC Sample Number
0020H
32d
Number
Read current sample number since last
power on. (32 bit)
System Status *
0021H
33d
Number
This register can be read to obtain the status
of the instrument.
32 status bits sent as 8 hex chars, where:
00020000 H: Overload
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Name
Address
Type
Description
00010000 H: Underload
00008000 H: Error (see System Error)
00004000 H: SETUP menus active
00002000 H: Calibration in progress
00001000 H: Motion
00000800 H: Centre of Zero
00000400 H: Zero
00000200 H: Net
For calibration, bit 13 (00002000 H) is high
when a calibration is taking place.
Example:
Send (status):20110021;
Response (not calibrating):
81110021:00008400
Or
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
System Error
0022H
34d
Number
Diagnostic Errors
Absolute mV/V
0023H
35d
Number
Absolute mV/V reading where 10000 =
1.0mV/V
Unused
0024H
36d
Number
Gross/Net Weight
0025H
37d
Number
These registers return weight data.
Gross Weight
0026H
38d
Number
Read Final: 8 character Hexadecimal
number. Example: 00000064 for 100 kg
Net Weight
0027H
39d
Number
Tare Weight
0028H
40d
Number
Peak Hold
0029H
41d
Number
Manual Hold
002AH
42d
Number
Grand Total
002BH
43d
Number
Alternate Units Gross
002CH
44d
Number
Raw ADC counts
002DH
45d
Number
2,560,000 = 1.0mV/V
Alternate Units Net
002EH
46d
Number
as above
System Fullscale
002FH
47d
Number
Fullscale weight of the instrument.
Traceable weight
0030H
Number
0: No traceable weights since start up
Page 122
Read Literal: Formatted string including
decimal point units and Gross/Net indication.
Example: “ 10.0 kg N”
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Name
available flag
Address
48d
Type
Description
Traceable ID
0031H
49d
Number
The unique ID for the traceable weight.
Traceable weight
0032H
50d
Number
Traceable weight in primary units
Traceable weight (alt)
0033H
51d
Number
Traceable weight in alternate units
Traceable tare weight
0035H
52d
Number
Tare weight valid during traceable weight.
Traceable PT flag
0036H
54d
Number
0: no preset tare
Traceable date: year
0037H
55d
Number
Traceable date: month
0038H
56d
Number
Traceable date: day
0039H
57d
Number
Traceable date: hour
003AH
58d
Number
Traceable date: minute
003BH
59d
Number
Traceable date: second
003CH
60d
Number
Stream Data
0040H
64d
Block
1: Traceable weight data is valid
1: preset tare
Date and time that the traceable was
acquired.
Returns a block of data which is selected in
Stream Register 1 .. 5.
Use a read command to read a single set of
data.
Use an execute command (with a parameter
of 1) to switch on automatic transmission
Stream Mode
0041H
65d
Option
0: Manual - read ‘Stream Data’ register
1: Auto sync - Data is sent whenever new
readings are available.
2: Auto 10Hz – Data is sent at 10Hz
3: Auto 3Hz – Data is sent at 3Hz
4: Auto 1Hz – Data is sent at 1Hz
Stream Register 1..5
0042H
66d
Option
..
1..16 selects registers from ADC Sample
(0020H) to System Fullscale (002FH).
17 is IO Status (0051H)
0046H
70d
Print Token String
004CH
76d
String
Sends a string to the configured printer port.
The string can contain print tokens.
Reply Token String
004DH
77d
String
Same as 004CH except that the completed
string is returned to the sender.
Reply registers
004EH
78d
String
Get the value of multiple number registers in
a single read. The register IDs are listed in
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Name
Address
Type
Description
hexadecimal. All numbers are returned as 32
bit.
Example:
To get the net and tare weights, send
“2012004E:00270028;”.
Reply Stream ID
004FH
79d
Same as register 004EH except that stream
IDs are used.
Example: To get the first 3 items of stream
data, send “2012004F:010203;”.
IO Status
0051H
81d
Number
32 bits of IO status sent as 8 hex chars
Settable Consecutive
Print ID
007AH
122d
Number
The settable consecutive print ID.
User ID strings 1 .. 5
0090H
144d
String
These strings are also accessed via the ID
function on the keypad.
..
0094H
148d
The following registers relate to calibration (marked with *).
Calibration weight *
0100H
256d
Number
This register is used to set the calibration
weight for span and linearity calibrations.
Weights are sent in decimal or hexadecimal
(depending on command used). They must
be in displayed weight without decimal point
or units.
Example:
• 10.00kg → 1000 → 3E8H
• 1000kg → 1000 → 3E8H
• 0.1000t → 1000 → 3E8H
Example:
Sent (10.00kg): 20120100:3E8
Response(ok): 81120100:0000
Zero calibration *
0102H
258d
Execute
This register is used to perform a zero
calibration in the same way as the zero
calibration via the menus. The display will
change to indicate that a zero calibration is
taking place.
Example:
Sent (calibrate): 20100102
Response (ok): 81110102:00000000
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (not calibrating): 81110021:00008400
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Name
Address
Type
Description
Span calibration *
0103H
259d
Execute
This register is used to perform a span
calibration in the same way as the span
calibration via the menus. The display will
change to indicate that a span calibration is
taking place. The calibration weight must be
entered before a span is executed using
register 0100H.
Example:
Sent (1000kg cal weight): 20120100:3E8
Response(ok): 81120100:0000
Sent (calibrate): 20100103
Response (ok): 81110103:00000000
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (not calibrating): 81110021:00008400
Linearity calibration *
0104H
260d
Execute
This register is used to perform linearity
compensation. Up to 10 linearity points can
be used [numbered 0 .. 9]. The calibration
weight must be entered, using register
0100H, before doing a linearity calibration.
The display will change to show that a
linearisation is taking place. The linearisation
point number is sent as a parameter
[numbered 0 .. 9].
Example:
Sent (5000kg cal weight): 20120100:1388
Response(ok): 81120100:0000
Sent (calibrate 1st point): 20100104:0
Response (ok): 81100103:00000000
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (calibrating): 81110021:0000A400
Send (status?): 20110021
Response (not calibrating): 81110021:00008400
Clear Linearity *
0105H
261d
Execute
This register clears a previously entered
linearisation calibration. There are 10
linearisation points [numbered 0 .. 9] which
can be cleared separately. The linearisation
point to clear is sent as a parameter.
Example:
Sent (Clear 1st point): 20100105:0
Response (ok): 81100105:00000000
Direct zero calibration*
004R-646-111
0106H
262d
Execute
This register is used to perform a direct zero
calibration in the same way as the direct zero
calibration via the menus. A direct zero
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Name
Address
Type
Description
calibration is very fast and the display may
not change in the same way as a zero
calibration.
The mV/V value is sent as a parameter. It is
sent as mV/V x 10000. Example:
• 0.5mV/V → 5000 → 1388H
• 1.0mV/V → 10000 → 2710H
• 2.5mV/V → 25000 → 61A8H
Example:
Sent (0.5mV/V): 20100106:1388
Response(ok): 81100106:00000000
Direct span calibration*
0107H
263d
Execute
This register is used to perform a direct span
calibration in the same way as the direct
span calibration via the menus. A direct span
calibration is very fast and the display may
not change in the same way as a span
calibration.
The mV/V value OF FULLSCALE is sent as a
parameter. It is sent as mV/V x 10000. E.g:
• 0.5mV/V → 5000 → 1388H
• 1.0mV/V → 10000 → 2710H
• 2.5mV/V → 25000 → 61A8H
Example use:
Sent (1.0mV/V): 20100107:2710
Response(ok): 81100106:00000000
Current Time/Date
0150H
336d
String
Read this register to get instrument date/time
settings (eg 10/12/2005 18:30:10).
(Can be SAFE Passcode protected)
Date Format
0151H
337d
Option
Write 0 for MMDDYYY or 1 for DDMMYYYY
Day
0152H
338d
Number
Read/Write current day (1..31)
Month
0153H
339d
Number
Read/Write current month(1..12)
Year
0154H
340d
Number
Read/Write current year (2000..2099)
Hour
0155H
341d
Number
Read/Write current hour (0..23)
Minute
0156H
342d
Number
Read/Write current minute (0..59)
Second
0157H
343d
Number
Read/Write current second (0..59)
Session total weight
0210H
528d
Number
Session total information
Session Total Alt Wgt
0211H
529d
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004R-646-111
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Name
Address
Session Total Num
0213H
531d
0220H
544d
Grand Total Weight
Grand Total Alt Wgt
0221H
545d
Grand Total Num
0223H
547d
Type
Description
Number
Grand total information
The following registers relate to the DSD.
Auto clear DSD
8290H
33424d
Option
Auto write over oldest records when full (0..1)
Read DSD Record
8291H
33425d
Execute
Reads requested DSD record
Read Next DSD Record
8292H
33426d
Execute
Reads next DSD record
Read Prev. DSD Record
8293H
33427d
Execute
Reads Previous DSD record
Read Oldest Record
8294H
33428d
Execute
Reads Oldest DSD record
Read Newest Record
8295H
33429d
Execute
Reads Newest DSD record
Clear DSD
8296H
33430d
Execute
Clears all records on DSD
The following registers contain information for axle weighing (K405 and K422 only)
Last axle weight
A70BH
42763d
Number
Last axle weight captured
Max axle weight
A70CH
42764d
Highest axle weight in a truck
Last truck weight
A70DH
42765d
Last truck weighed
Axle error
A70EH
42766d
(K405 only) Axle weighing error
Axle state
A70FH
42767d
(K405 only) Axle weighing state
Dynamic error
A70EH
42766d
(K422 only) Dynamic weighing error
Dynamic state
A70FH
42767d
(K422 only) Dynamic weighing state
Last group weight
A711H
42769d
(K422 only) Last group total weight captured
Max group weight
A712H
42770d
(K422 only) Highest group total in a truck
The Active Product is the product shown on the instrument display. It is the product
which is currently active in the instrument.
Change Active Product
using Product number
B000H
45056d
Number
Clear all Totals
B002H
Execute
004R-646-111
Write number to change the active product.
Read to find out active product number.
Execute to clear All Totals
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Name
Address
45058d
Type
Description
Clear Session Totals
B003H
45059d
Execute
Execute to clear Session Totals only
Clear Docket Totals
B004H
45060d
Execute
Execute to clear printing Docket Totals only
Delete all products
B005H
45061d
Execute
Execute to delete all of the products
Change Active Product
using Product Name
B006H
45062d
String
Write name to change the active product.
Read to find out name of active product.
All changes to product information are made to the selected product. This product is
selected via the comms and is used for network commands only. It may be different to
the active product in the instrument.
Select product by name
B00FH
45071d
String
Write name to select product, read to find out
selected product name.
Select product by
number
B010H
45072d
Number
Write number to select product, read to find
out selected product number.
The following registers all work with the Selected Product.
Delete
B011H
45073d
Execute
Execute with no parameters to delete the
selected product. This can be done only if
the product total is zero.
Re-name
B012H
45074d
String
Write to change name of selected product.
Name
B013H
45075d
String
Read selected product name.
Preset Tare
B015H
45077d
Number
Read/Write Preset Tare
Sample Size
B016H
45078d
Number
Read/Write Sample Size
Sample Weight
B017H
45079d
Number
Read/Write Sample Weight
Alternate Unit
Conversion Factor
B019H
45081d
Number
Read/Write Conversion Factor.
First Weight
B01AH
45082d
Number
Read/Write First Weight
Permanent Flag
B01BH
45083d
Number
Read/Write Permanent Flag
Target 1 .. Target 8
B080H
45184d
Number
Setpoint targets for the Selected Product
Number
Product total information
1000000 = 1.0
..
B087H
45191d
Total Weight
B102H
45314d
Total Alternate Wgt
B103H
45315d
Total Num
B105H
45317d
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Name
Address
Type
Description
Total Docket Weight
B180H
45440d
Number
Product docket total information
Total Docket Alt Wgt
Total Docket Num
B181H
45441dB
183H
45443d
Note: The viewer software will show the register address for each setting in the menu
structure when they are accessed. Note that register addresses are not guaranteed to
remain the same between software types and versions.
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21. Appendix 4: Setup Menu Quick Reference
Note:  Read-only Safe Setup. Changing this setting will increment the Calibration Counter.
1 Read-only Safe Setup. Changing this setting will not increment the Calibration Counter.
L1
L2
L3
Item
L4
GEN.OPT
LANG
DATE.F
P.CODE
KEY.LOC
DISP
ID.NAME
POWER
H.WARE
STR.EDT
USR.DEF
ALLOC
LC.HW
SER1.HW,
SER2.HW
ETH.HW
IO.HW
DSD.HW
SCALE
BUILD
OPTION
CAL
QA
FUNC
Page 130
NUM
SF1 – SF8
SAFE.PC
FULL.PC
OP.PC
P
ZERO, TARE, GR.NET
F1,F2,F3
CLOCK, REPORT etc
B.LIGHT
FREQ
AUX.DSP
NAME.1 .. NAME.5
AUT.OFF
START
MVV
OL.CNT
OL.CLR
BAUD, PARITY, etc
DHCP, IP, G.WAY
ETH.DEF
FRC.OUT
TST.IN
DB.1.8 DBNC.1.
DB.25.32 DBNC.32
AUTO.C
Operator language
Date Format
Safe setup passcode
Full setup passcode
Operator passcode
Power key lock
Fixed Function Keys
Programmable Function Keys
Operator Functions
Backlight operation
Display update frequency
Auxiliary display function
Names for the five User ID strings
Auto-off
Pause on Start-Up
String Edit Mode
User defaults (all items except scale menu items)
Check hardware allocation and use
mV/V test
Overload count
Clear overload count
Settings for serial port 1 (SER1.HW) and the optional
serial port 2 (SER2.HW).
IP Configuration settings for the M4221 Ethernet module
Reset the M4221 Ethernet module to defaults
Force outputs test
Check inputs test
Debounce settings for inputs
Automatically overwrite oldest records when DSD full
DSD.STR
Custom string to store with DSD records
TYPE
CABLE
DP
CAP1
E1
CAP2
E2
UNITS
HI.RES
USE
FILTER
MOTION
Z.RANGE
Z.TRACK
Z.INIT
Z.BAND
EXT.EX
R.ENTRY
TOT.OPT
ZERO
SPAN
ED.LIN
CLR.LIN
DIR.ZER
DIR.SPN
DEF.CAL
QA.OPT
QA.YEAR, QA.MONTH
QA.DAY
Range type
6-WIRE or 4-WIRE
Decimal Point position
Capacity of Scale / Range 1 / Interval 1
Resolution of Scale / Range 1 / Interval 1
Capacity of Scale / Range 2 / Interval 2
Resolution of Scale / Range 2 / Interval 2
Scale Units
x10 Expanded mode
Trade Use
Averaging
Motion Detection
Range of Zero (%)
Zero Tracking
Zero on Startup
Band of Zero
External excitation
Full access via rear button only
Weight type for totalising
Calibrate Zero
Calibrate Span
Set Linearisation
Clear Linearisation
Direct mV/V Zero Calibration
Direct mV/V Span Calibration
Default Calibration (all scale settings to defaults)
QA Enable
QA Expiry Date
TYPE
KEY
Number of special functions
Type
Key assignment
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
L1
L2
SER.NET
ADDR
NUM
NET.1 –
NET.n
SER.AUT
PRINT
NUM
AUTO.1 –
AUTO.n
NUM
HEADER
FOOTER
PAGE
SPACE
PRINT.1 –
PRINT.n
SETP
AXLE
(K405)
AXLE
(K422)
004R-646-111
NUM
SETP1 ..
SETP8
MIN.WGT
IDLE
MIN.WGT
HYS
L3
PRT.OUT
TOTAL
CLR.ASK
AUTO
IL.TYPE
I.LOCK
MODE
UNIT
U.STR
AUT.OUT
BLANK
FUNC
CLR.TOT
L4
TYPE
SERIAL
RESP
SOURCE
TYPE
SERIAL
FORMAT
SOURCE
EV.AUTO
WIDTH
HEIGHT
PG.END
TOP
LEFT
BOTTOM
TYPE
FORMAT
SERIAL
NAME
CUSTOM
TYPE
OUTPUT
LOGIC
ALARM
SOURCE
HYS
MASK
DLY.ON
HLD.OFF
RDY.TIM
PRN.KEY
EV.D.NEW
EV.D.END
EV.WI
EV.WO.1
EV.WO.2
EV.D.WO
EV.AXLE
ABORT
EV.GRP
REP.ST
REP.PR
REP.END
Item
Print: printout
Print: totalising
Print: Confirm clear
Print: Automatic
Print: Interlock type
Print: Interlock
Units: Mode
Units: Alternative unit
Units: Alternative unit string
Single: Auto Output to use
Blank: Blanking function
Remote Key: Function to trigger
Report print clear totals
Network address
Number of networks
Protocol type
Serial port
Respond to simple commands
Barcode protocol source
Number of Serial outputs
Frequency
Serial port
Format
Weight type
Custom format string
Number of printouts
Header
Footer
Page width
Page Height
Page End String
Blank lines at the top
Blank characters on the left
Blank lines at the bottom
Printout type
Format
Serial port
Name
Custom string for docket printout (K404)
Custom string for new docket
Custom string for end of docket (normal mode)
Custom string for weigh in
Custom string for weigh out with PT
Custom string for weigh out with first weight
Custom string for end of docket when weighing out
Custom string for each axle (K405 and K422)
Custom string if weighing aborted (K405 and K422)
Custom string for each axle group (K422)
Custom string for start of report
Custom string for each product in a report
Custom string for end of report
Number of Setpoints
Type of setpoint
Output to use
Active High or Active Low logic control
Setpoint Alarm
Weight type
Hysteresis
Logic setpoint mask
Logic setpoint delay on
Logic setpoint hold off
Scale ready setpoint wait time
Minimum weight
Idle time
Minimum weight
Hysteresis
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
L1
End
L2
WINDOW
MIN.TIM
IDLE
OFFSET
ED
MODE
IN.STRT
IN.END
GROUP
DYN.SCL
I/LOCK
IL.TIME
End
L3
L4
Item
Window size
Minimum time
Idle time
Window offset
Dynamic reading count-by
Capture mode
Capture start input
End capture input
Axle group time
Dynamic reading scaling factor
Truck weighing interlock
Truck weighing interlock time
Save and Close
Table 16: Menus
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22. Appendix 5: Error Messages
22.1. Overview
A number of error messages may be displayed to warn of operation outside of the
acceptable limits. These messages may appear on either the primary or the
secondary display. Short messages (XXXXXX) will appear as a single message.
Longer messages (XXXXXX) (YYYYYY) will appear on the display in two parts, first
the (XXXXXX) part, then the (YYYYYY) part.
22.2. Weighing Errors
These messages show status messages or errors that may occur during normal
weighing operation.
Error
(U.LOAD)
Description
The weight is below the minimum
allowable weight reading.
(O.LOAD)
The weight is above the maximum
allowable weight reading.
Warning - overloading may damage
mechanical scale elements.
The weight reading is beyond the limit set
for Zero operation. The operation of the
<ZERO> key is limited in the setup during
installation. The indicator cannot be
Zeroed at this weight.
Scale motion has prevented a <ZERO>
or <TARE> operation from occurring on
command.
An error with the ADC has prevented a
<ZERO> or <TARE> operation from
occurring
(ERROR)
(RANGE)
(ERROR)
(MOTION)
(ERROR)
(ADC)
Resolution
Increase the weight or
decrease the minimum
allowable weight
reading.
Check the condition of
load cell connections.
Check for damaged
load cell.
Increase the Zero
Range (Z.RANGE) or
use the <TARE> key
instead.
Try the operation again
once the scale is stable.
Ensure loadcell cabling
is correct.
Table 17: Errors: weighing
22.3. Axle Weighing Errors (K405 and K422)
These messages show status messages or errors that may occur during axel
weighing operation.
Error
(ERROR)
(MOTION)
(WEIGHT)
(LOW)
(TOO)
(FAST)
(TOO)
(SLOW)
(WRONG)
(WAY)
004R-646-111
Description
(K405 only) There was too much motion
to capture the axle.
The captured axle weight was below the
value set in MIN.WGT
(K422 only) The capture was shorter than
the time set in MIN.TIM.
(K422 only) The capture took too long.
Resolution
(K422 only) Truck crossed the weigh
bridge in the wrong direction (only when
Page 133
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Error
Description
using start and end inputs).
(K422 only) The interlock went low during
an axle capture or the interlock time was
exceeded.
(K422 only) Axle weighing will be aborted
if an application error occurs during the
truck.
(K422 only) Axle weighing will be aborted
if the scale is overloaded during the truck.
(K422 only) Axle weighing will be aborted
if the scale is underloaded during the
truck
(ERROR)
(ILOCK)
(ERROR)
(Exxxx)
(ERROR)
(O.LOAD)
(ERROR)
(U.LOAD)
Resolution
Table 18: Errors: axle weighing
22.4. Setup Errors
These messages show status messages or errors that may occur during the
instrument setup. See section 13.4 for calibration errors.
Error
(ENTRY)
(DENIED)
(WR DENIED)
(RD DENIED)
Description
When accessing setup, more
than three attempts have
been made with the incorrect
passcode.
The instrument may be in
Safe Setup and an item that
needs Full Setup has been
selected for editing.
Resolution
Turn the instrument off. When
the instrument is turned back
on, enter the correct passcode
to access setup.
Access Full Setup to access this
item.
Table 19: Errors: setup
22.5. Diagnostic Errors
The instrument continually monitors the condition of the internal circuits. Any faults
or out-of-tolerance conditions are shown on the display as an E type error message.


In the table below the following terms are used:
Check: This item can be checked on site by service personnel.
Return for Service: The instrument must be returned for factory service.
Error
(E0001)
(E0002)
(E0004)
Description
The power supply voltage is too low.
The power supply voltage is too high.
Positive sense voltage out or range.
(E0008)
Negative sense voltage out or range.
(E0010)
(E0020)
(E0200)
Temperature is outside of allowable limits
Module Error
The calibration information has been lost.
Page 134
Resolution
Check supply
Check scale / cables
Check scale connections
and SCALE:BUILD:CABLE
setting.
Check scale connections
and SCALE:BUILD:CABLE
setting.
Check location
Replace Module
Re-calibrate
004R-646-111
Reference Manual Rev 1.11
Error
(E0400)
(E0800)
(E2000)
(E4000)
Description
The factory information has been lost.
Application settings have been set to
defaults.
ADC Out of Range Error. This may be
caused from a broken load cell cable.
The runtime information has been lost.
Resolution
Return for Service
Check and re-enter
application settings
Check BUILD:CABLE
setting. Check load cell
cable, wiring, etc.
Check Zero and tare
settings.
Table 20: Errors: diagnostic
The E type error messages are additive. For example if instrument is running off
batteries and the temperature drops, the battery voltage may be too low. The
resulting error messages will be E 0011 (0001 + 0010). The numbers add in
hexadecimal as follows:
1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-A-B-C-D-E-F
(For example, 2 + 4 = 6, or 4 + 8 = C)
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23. Appendix 6: M4221 Ethernet Module
23.1. Overview
The M4221 Ethernet module provides IP (internet protocol) connectivity to the
indicator. The information in this appendix only applies to indicators fitted with this
module.
23.2. Network Configuration
After installing the module, and connecting it to the network it is necessary to
configure the network settings for the module. These settings may be automatically
configured from your network via DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), or
may need to be set manually. Contact your network administrator for settings
appropriate to your network. The DHCP setting, IP address, network mask, default
gateway and DNS servers are configured from the indicator via the ETH.HW menu
(Section 12.2.4 on page 61). Additionally a host name & DHCP client ID may be
optionally configured from the Module web page.
23.3. Viewing the Current Configuration
The Acc menu provides access to the current IP configuration of the module. Refer
to Section 5.15 on page 35.
23.4. Services
The M4221 provides a number of services via the network, including a configuration
web page and two TCP ports providing access to the indicators’ serial ports SER.3A
and SER.3B.
23.4.1.
TCP Sockets
SER.3A can be accessed via TCP port 2222 on the module. This port allows only
one simultaneous connection as it is bi-directional
SER.3B can be accessed via TCP port 2223 on the module. This port allows up to
10 simultaneous connections, as it is transmit only (data is sent from the indicator to
the PC).
As with other serial modules, it is necessary to configure a function (networking,
printing or auto-outputs) on the indicator to communicate via SER.3A or SER.3B.
The Viewer software can be used to test the connection to the indicator. This
requires Viewer version 1.44+. Select a TCP connection from the connection
settings dialog, and enter the indicator IP address or hostname. The TCP port
should be set to 2222.
23.4.2.
Web Interface
There is a Web page provided by the module. This can be accessed by determining
the IP address from the Acc menu, and then entering the following into your web
browser: http://<module_ip_address>/. The default username for the module web
page is “admin”, and the default password is “PASS”.
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24. Appendix 7: M4501 DSD Module
24.1. Overview
The M4501 DSD module provides alibi memory along with custom string support.
The information in this appendix applies only to indicators fitted with this module.
24.2. Writing records
A record will be stored in the DSD whenever a traceable weight is generated, A
traceable weight is only generated when a print of type RECORD or DOCKET
occurs, and only for TOTAL values of NONE or ADD. For more information on print
setup see sections 12.7 PRINT (Printouts)on page 74 and 16 Printing on page 99.
The DSD will also be written when a print occurs in alibi mode.
If a custom string is set then it will be stored along with the traceable weight. The
custom string accepts all print tokens. For more information on the custom string
and auto clear settings see section 12.2.7 DSD.HW on page 62.
24.3. Reading records
The records can be viewed in alibi mode or read through the communications
interface. For more information on viewing DSD records in alibi mode see section
5.14 Alibi on page 34. View400 can be used to retrieve the records from the
instrument or you can manually send communications commands to the instrument.
For a list of registers relating to reading DSD record via the comms interface see
section 20 Appendix 3: Communications Registers on page 121.
The reply to a DSD record read command will look like the following example:
81108295:1,2009/08/04,11:12:24,
4410,lb,13,p
2000,kg,GROSS,
0,kg,TARE,
This response is comma separated and contains the following data:
Response header: record ID, date, time, weight, units, gross/net, tare weight, tare
units, tare/P.tare., alternate weight, alternate units, piece count, piece units, custom
string
If the custom string DSD.STR: \BA\D7,\C9 is set then the reply will be:
81108295:2,2009/08/04,12:12:08,
,FLOUR ,AA MINES
950,kg,NET,
50,kg,P.TARE,
2095,lb, 6,p
See section 19.3 Tokens on page 115 for information on the print tokens used in
the above example.
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25. Glossary
25.1. Glossary of Terms
Term
Count-by
Definition
The smallest change in weight units that the display can show. See also
Resolution.
Division
A single graduation.
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EMC
Electro-Magnetic Compatibility Regulation
FIR
Finite Impulse Response
Full Scale
The maximum gross weight allowed on the scale. This is used to detect
overload and underload conditions, etc.
Graduations
The maximum number of display steps between zero gross load and full
capacity gross load. It is equal to the full scale divided by the resolution.
LED
Light Emitting Diode
NTEP
National Type Evaluation Program
OIML
International Organization of Legal Metrology
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
Range
Total change in weight between zero gross load and full capacity gross load
(i.e. the nominated total capacity of the scale). It is always given in displayed
weight units.
Resolution
The smallest change in weight units that the display can show. See also
Count-by.
RFI
Radio Frequency Interference
Ring Network
A network of up to 31 Instruments connected to a central computer
Optical
Opto-isolated infrared communications cable which uses a magnetically
Communications coupled head to attach to the front of the instrument
Cable
RS-232
Standard for communications hardware layers.
Step-Response
The step-response is the time between placing a weight on the scale and the
correct weight reading being displayed.
Transients
A temporary voltage oscillation or spike caused by a sudden change of load
(or other external influence).
Units
The actual units of measurement (kilograms, tonnes, pounds, etc.).
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004R-646-111
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25.2. List of Figures
Figure 1: Weight Indicator.............................................................................................................. 6
Figure 2: Cable Connections......................................................................................................... 10
Figure 3: 4-Wire Connections ....................................................................................................... 11
Figure 4: Loadcell Connections ..................................................................................................... 11
Figure 5: RS-232 - Instrument to PC using COM Port (DB9) ........................................................ 12
Figure 6: RS-232 – Instrument to Printer (DB25) .......................................................................... 12
Figure 7: RS-232 Short Cable Runs (Ring Network using COM Port) ........................................... 13
Figure 8: RS-232 Long Cable Runs (Ring Network using COM Port) ........................................... 14
Figure 9: Optical Communications attachment ............................................................................. 15
Figure 10: Cable Shield Connection.............................................................................................. 16
Figure 11: Chart - Zero and Span Points to Interpolate Weight from Load Cell ............................ 83
Figure 12: Chart - Non-Linear Characteristic for Load Cell Output ................................................ 87
Figure 13: OVER verses UNDER setpoints. .............................................................................. 107
Figure 14: Trade label position................................................................................................... 113
Figure 15: Lead seal on rear of instrument. ............................................................................... 113
Figure 16: Lead Seal on boot ..................................................................................................... 113
Figure 17: Destructible sticker seal on rear ................................................................................ 113
Figure 18: Destructible sticker seal on boot. .............................................................................. 113
25.3. List of Tables
Table 1: Document Conventions ..................................................................................................... 7
Table 2: Software comparison ........................................................................................................ 7
Table 3: Instrument specifications................................................................................................... 8
Table 4: Industrial vs trade modes ................................................................................................ 53
Table 5: Calibration errors ............................................................................................................ 89
Table 6: Network error codes ........................................................................................................ 92
Table 7: Dimensions ................................................................................................................... 111
Table 8: ASCII Table .................................................................................................................. 114
Table 9: Print tokens: generic ..................................................................................................... 115
Table 10: Print tokens: pages ..................................................................................................... 115
Table 11: Print tokens: weight information .................................................................................. 116
Table 12: Print tokens: product information ................................................................................ 117
Table 13: Print tokens: weight information .................................................................................. 117
Table 14: Print tokens: Default print strings ............................................................................... 118
Table 15: Print tokens: formatting ............................................................................................... 119
Table 16: Menus ......................................................................................................................... 132
Table 17: Errors: weighing .......................................................................................................... 133
Table 18: Errors: axle weighing ................................................................................................... 134
Table 19: Errors: setup ............................................................................................................... 134
Table 20: Errors: diagnostic ........................................................................................................ 135
004R-646-111
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Reference Manual Rev 1.11
26. Index
4
4-Wire Connection,
10
6
6-Wire Connection,
11
A
Automatic Weight
Output, 97
Auxiliary Connection,
11
B
Basic Weighing
Terminology, 52
C
Cable Connections,
9
Calibration, 83
Calibration Counter,
53
Clear Linearisation,
88
CLR.LIN, 88
Connecting Shields,
15
D
Data Entry, 18
Numeric Entry, 20
Selections and
Options, 21
DC Power Supply,
10
Diagnostic Errors,
134
Page 140
Digital Calibration
with Test
Weights, 83
Direct mV/V
Calibration, 85
Direct Span
Calibration, 85
Direct Zero
Calibration, 85
Document
Conventions, 7
E
Earthing, 16
ED.LIN, 88
Edit Linearisation
Points, 88
Electrical Safety, 9
EMC Immunity, 9
Error Messages, 133
Exiting Full or Safe
Setup, 19
F
Filtering Techniques,
52
Front Panel
Special Function
Key, 38
Full Setup
Passcode, 54
G
General Setup
Information, 52
Glossary of Terms,
138
I
Industrial vs OIML
and NTEP Mode,
53
L
Load Cell
Connection, 10
Load Cell Signals,
10
N
NONE, 38
NVRAM, 6
O
Operator Manual, 7
Optical
Communications,
14
P
Passcode, 52
Printing, 99
Q
Quick Start Manual,
7
R
Reference Manual, 7
RFI, 138
RS-232 Serial, 12
S
Safe Setup
Passcode, 54
Scale Build, 10
Sealing
Requirements, 16,
17
Serial PC Link, 12
Serial Printer
Connections, 12
Serial Remote
Display, 12, 14
Setup Display
Prompts, 19
Setup Errors, 133,
134
Setup Menu Quick
Reference, 130
Sigma-Delta A/D
converter, 6
Span Calibration
Routine, 85
Specifications, 7, 8
Stability
Considerations,
35
T
TARE Key, 27
TEST, 38
U
UNITS, 39
Using Linearisation,
87
W
Weighing Errors,
133
Z
Zero Calibration
Routine, 84
ZERO Key, 26
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