Dell™ PowerEdge™ R900 Systems Hardware Owner`s Manual

Dell™ PowerEdge™ R900 Systems
Hardware Owner’s Manual
Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of
your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data
and tells you how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury,
or death.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2007 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly
forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell and the DELL logo are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel and Xeon are
registered trademarks of Intel Corporation; Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks and
Windows Server is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation; Novell and NetWare are registered
trademarks of Novell, Inc.; Red Hat is a registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc.; SUSE is a registered
trademark of SUSE LINUX Products GmbH.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming
the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and
trade names other than its own.
September 2007
P/N XK946
Rev. A00
Contents
1
About Your System
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Information You May Need
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing System Features During Startup
12
. . . . . . . . . .
13
. . . . . . . . . . . .
15
. . . . . . . . . . .
18
Connecting External Devices
. . . . . . . . . .
19
. . . . . . . . . . .
20
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
Back Panel Features and Indicators
Connecting External Devices
Power Indicator Codes
NIC Indications
11
. . . . . .
Front Panel Features and Indicators
Hard Drive Indicator Codes
11
LCD Status Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
Solving Problems Described by LCD Status Messages 33
Removing LCD Status Messages
System Messages
. . . . . . . . .
33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
Warning Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostics Messages
Alert Messages
2
39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Using the System Setup Program
Entering the System Setup Program
. . . . . .
41
. . . . . . . . . .
41
Contents
3
Responding to Error Messages
. . . . . . . . . .
41
. . . . . . . . .
42
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
Using the System Setup Program
System Setup Options
Main Screen
Memory Information Screen
CPU Information Screen
. . . . . . . . . . . .
45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Integrated Devices Screen .
PCI IRQ Screen
. . . . . . . . . . . .
46
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
Serial Communication Screen
. . . . . . . . . . .
Embedded Server Management Screen
System Security Screen
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
.
49
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49
Trusted Platform Module (TPM) Security Screen
Exit Screen
. . . . . . . . .
49
. . . . . . . . . . . .
50
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
. . . . . . . . . . . .
54
System and Setup Password Features
Using the System Password
Using the Setup Password
Disabling a Forgotten Password
Baseboard Management Controller Configuration
. . .
54
. . . . . . . . .
55
. . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Entering the BMC Setup Module .
BMC Setup Module Options
3
Installing System Components
. . . . . . . .
57
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
Recommended Tools
Inside the System
. . . . . . . . .
59
Removing the Top Cover
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Installing the Top Cover
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
62
Removing and Installing the Top Cover
Hard Drives
4
Contents
47
. . . . . .
Before You Begin .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
62
Removing a Drive Blank
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
62
Installing a Drive Blank
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
Removing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
. . . . . . . . .
64
. . . . . . . . . .
65
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
Installing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
Replacing a Hard Drive Carrier
Removing a Hard Drive From a Hard Drive Carrier
66
Installing a SAS Hard Drive Into a SATAu Drive Carrier 66
Installing a SATA Hard Drive Into a SATAu Hard Drive Carrier 67
Power Supplies
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
Removing a Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
Installing a Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
System Fans
Removing a Front System Fan
. . . . . . . . . . .
70
. . . . . . . . .
71
Removing a Back System Fan
. . . . . . . . . . .
72
Installing a Back System Fan
. . . . . . . . . . .
73
Hot-plugging a Front System Fan
Hot-plugging a Back System Fan
. . . . . . . . .
Removing a Back System Fan Housing
74
. . . . . . .
75
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
Installing a Back System Fan Housing
Cooling Shroud
73
. . . . . .
Removing the Cooling Shroud
. . . . . . . . . . .
76
Installing the Cooling Shroud
. . . . . . . . . . .
77
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
SAS Controller Card
Removing a SAS Controller Card
. . . . . . . . .
80
Installing an SAS Controller Card
. . . . . . . . .
80
SAS and SAS RAID Controller Card Cabling Guidelines 80
RAID Battery .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a RAID Battery .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
84
84
5
Removing a RAID Battery
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
86
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
86
Configuring the Boot Device
PCI Express Add-in Cards
Installing a PCI Express Card .
. . . . . . . . . . .
86
Removing a PCI Express Card
. . . . . . . . . . .
88
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
Optical Drive .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
88
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
Removing the Optical Drive
Installing the Optical Drive
Replacing an Optical Drive Mounting Tray
. . . . . . .
90
Removing an Optical Drive From an Optical Drive Mounting Tray
90
Installing an Optical Drive Into an Optical Drive Mounting Tray
92
System Memory
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
92
. . . . . . .
93
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
General Memory Module Installation Guidelines
Non-Optimal Memory Configurations
Memory Sparing Support
Memory Mirroring Support .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
94
Removing a Memory Riser
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
Installing a Memory Riser
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Memory Population Rules
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Removing the Memory Riser Cover
. . . . . . . .
99
Installing Memory Modules
. . . . . . . . . . . .
99
Removing Memory Modules
. . . . . . . . . . . .
101
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
Processors
. . . . . . . . .
101
. . . . . . . . . .
104
Removing a Processor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
Installing a Processor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
Removing a Processor Heat Sink
Installing a Processor Heat Sink
6
Contents
92
System Battery .
. . . . . . . . . . .
108
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
Activating the NIC TOE
I/O Riser
108
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the System Battery
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
Removing the I/O Riser .
Installing the I/O Riser
Installing a DRAC
SAS Backplane (Service-only Procedure)
114
. . . . . . .
Removing the SAS Backplane (3.5" Hard Drives)
114
.
Installing the SAS Backplane (3.5-inch Hard Drives) 116
Removing the SAS Backplane (2.5-inch Hard Drives) 116
Installing the SAS Backplane (2.5" Hard Drives) .
.
119
. .
119
Removing the Power Interposer Board
. . . . . .
119
Installing the Power Interposer Board .
. . . . . .
121
. . . . . . . .
122
Removing the System Board
. . . . . . . . . . . .
122
Installing the System Board
. . . . . . . . . . . .
124
Power Interposer Board (Service-only Procedure)
System Board (Service-only Procedure)
4
Troubleshooting Your System
Safety First—For You and Your System
Start-Up Routine .
. . . . . . . .
127
. . . . . . . . .
127
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
127
Checking the Equipment
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
128
. . . .
128
Troubleshooting External Connections
. . . . . .
129
Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
. . . . . . .
129
. . . . . . . . . . .
130
Troubleshooting IRQ Assignment Conflicts
Troubleshooting the Keyboard
Contents
7
Troubleshooting the Mouse
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Basic I/O Functions
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
132
132
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
133
Troubleshooting a USB Device .
Troubleshooting a Wet System
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
135
Troubleshooting the System Battery
. . . . . . . . . .
136
Troubleshooting Power Supplies
. . . . . . . . . . . .
137
Troubleshooting System Cooling
. . . . . . . . . . . .
138
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
138
Troubleshooting System Memory
. . . . . . . . . . . .
139
Troubleshooting an Optical Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . .
141
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
142
Troubleshooting a Hard Drive
.
144
. . . . . . . . . . .
145
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
147
Troubleshooting a SAS or SAS RAID Controller Card
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards
Troubleshooting Processors
Running the System Diagnostics .
Using PowerEdge Diagnostics
System Diagnostics Features
Executing System Diagnostics
Contents
. . . . .
149
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
. . . . . . . . . .
150
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
150
When to Use the System Diagnostics
8
134
Troubleshooting a Damaged System
Troubleshooting a Fan
5
131
. . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
Troubleshooting a NIC
131
System Diagnostics Testing Options
Using the Custom Test Options
. . . . . . . . . .
150
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
151
Selecting Devices for Testing
. . . . . . . . . . .
151
Selecting Diagnostics Options
. . . . . . . . . . .
151
Viewing Information and Results
6
Jumpers and Connectors
. . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Jumpers and Connectors
System Board Connectors .
153
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
154
165
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
166
. . . . . . . . .
167
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
167
. . . . . . .
167
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
167
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
167
Dell Enterprise Training and Certification
Problems With Your Order
Product Information
165
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automated Order-Status Service
Support Service
162
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Online Services
160
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disabling a Forgotten Password
Obtaining Assistance
156
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Interposer Connectors .
Getting Help
153
. . . . . . . .
SAS Backplane Connectors .
7
152
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
167
Before You Call
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
168
Contacting Dell
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit
Contents
9
Glossary
10
Contents
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
171
1
About Your System
This section describes the physical, firmware, and software interface features
that provide and ensure the essential functioning of your system. The
physical connectors on your system’s front and back panels provide
convenient connectivity and system expansion capability. The system
firmware, applications, and operating systems monitor the system and
component status and alert you when a problem arises. System conditions
can be reported by any of the following:
•
Front or back panel indicators
•
System messages
•
Warning messages
•
Diagnostics messages
•
Alert messages
This section describes each type of message, lists the possible causes, and
provides steps to resolve any problems indicated by a message. The system
indicators and features are illustrated in this section.
Other Information You May Need
CAUTION: The Product Information Guide provides important safety and
regulatory information. Warranty information may be included within this
document or as a separate document.
•
The Rack Installation Guide or Rack Installation Instructions included
with your rack solution describes how to install your system into a rack.
•
The Getting Started Guide provides an overview of system features,
setting up your system, and technical specifications.
•
CDs included with your system provide documentation and tools for
configuring and managing your system.
About Your System
11
•
Systems management software documentation describes the features,
requirements, installation, and basic operation of the software.
•
Operating system documentation describes how to install (if necessary),
configure, and use the operating system software.
•
Documentation for any components you purchased separately provides
information to configure and install these options.
•
Updates are sometimes included with the system to describe changes to
the system, software, and/or documentation.
NOTE: Always check for updates on support.dell.com and read the updates first
because they often supersede information in other documents.
•
Release notes or readme files may be included to provide last-minute
updates to the system or documentation or advanced technical reference
material intended for experienced users or technicians.
Accessing System Features During Startup
Table 1-1 describes keystrokes that may be entered during startup to access
system features. If your operating system begins to load before you enter the
keystroke, allow the system to finish booting, and then restart your system
and try again.
Table 1-1. Keystrokes for Accessing System Functions
Keystroke
Description
<F2>
Enters the System Setup program. See "Using the System Setup
Program" on page 41.
<F10>
Opens the utility partition, allowing you to run the system
diagnostics. See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 149.
<F11>
Enters the boot menu.
<F12>
Enters the PXE boot.
<Ctrl><c>
<Ctrl><e>
12
Enters the SAS Configuration Utility. See your SAS adapter User’s
Guide for more information.
Enters the Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) Management
Utility, which allows access to the system event log (SEL). See the
BMC User’s Guide for more information on setup and use of BMC.
About Your System
Table 1-1. Keystrokes for Accessing System Functions
Keystroke
Description
<Ctrl><r>
Enters the RAID configuration utility, which allows you to configure
an optional RAID card. For more information, see the documentation
for your RAID card.
<Ctrl><s>
Option is displayed only if you have PXE support enabled through the
System Setup Program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on
page 41). This keystroke allows you to configure NIC settings for PXE
boot. For more information, see the documentation for your
integrated NIC.
<Ctrl><d>
If you have the optional Dell Remote Assistant Card (DRAC), this
keystroke allows access to selected DRAC configuration settings. See
the DRAC User’s Guide for more information on setup and use of
DRAC.
Front Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 1-1 shows the controls, indicators, connectors, and drives on the
system's front panel.
Figure 1-1. Front Panel Features and Indicators
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
About Your System
13
1
Power button/indicator.
The power-on indicator lights when the
system power is on.
The power button controls the DC
power supply output to the system.
NOTE: If you turn off the system using the
power button and the system is running an
ACPI-compliant operating system, the
system performs a graceful shutdown
before the power is turned off. If the
system is not running an ACPI-compliant
operating system, the power is turned off
immediately after the power button is
pressed.
14
2
NMI button.
Used to troubleshoot software and
device driver errors when using certain
operating systems. This button can be
pressed using the end of a paper clip.
Use this button only if directed to do so
by qualified support personnel or by the
operating system's documentation.
3
System identification button.
The identification buttons on the front
and back panels can be used to locate a
particular system within a rack. When
one of these buttons is pushed, the LCD
panel on the front and the blue system
status indicator on the back blink until
one of the buttons is pushed again.
About Your System
4
LCD panel.
Provides system ID, status information,
and system error messages.
The LCD lights during normal system
operation. Both the systems
management software and the
identification buttons located on the
front and back of the system can cause
the LCD to flash blue to identify a
particular system.
The LCD lights amber when the system
needs attention, and the LCD panel
displays an error code followed by
descriptive text.
If the system is connected to AC power
and an error has been detected, the LCD
lights amber regardless of whether the
system has been powered on.
5
USB connectors (2).
Connects USB 2.0-compliant devices to
the system.
6
Video connector.
Connects a monitor to the system.
7
Hard drives.
Eight 2.5-inch hot-plug or five 3.5-inch
hot-plug.
8
Optical drive.
One slimline optical drive.
Hard Drive Indicator Codes
The hard drive carriers have two indicators—the drive-activity indicator and
the drive-status indicator.
About Your System
15
Figure 1-2. Hard Drive Indicators
1
1
green and amber drive-status
indicator
2
2
green drive-activity indicator
The Activity LED indicates command activity between the hard disk drives
and storage controller.
The Status LED is a bi-color (Green/Amber) LED that indicates the state of a
drive in a slot. The color and blink rate of the LED indicates the state of the
drive as shown in Table 1-2.
16
About Your System
Table 1-2. Hard Drive Indicators
Pattern
Green element
Amber eLement
Drive/slot state
Slot empty
Off
Off
The slot is empty, an
unsupported drive is
present, the drive has
been spun down for
removal (Ready for
Removal), or a new
drive has been inserted,
and the state has not
been updated by the
RAID controller.
Drive online
On
Off
The drive is either
online, ready, a hotspare
or a foreign drive.
Drive identify
On ~250mS
(prep for removal) Off ~250mS
Off
The slot is being
identified because of a
user request (either a
drive identify or a
preparing for removal
was requested).
Drive rebuilding
Off
The drive is being
written to, to make a
virtual disk redundant.
On ~150mS
The RAID controller
can no longer access or
control (read/write to)
the drive because it has
detected an
unrecoverable fault
(after it has completed
its error handling) on
the drive.
On ~400mS
Off ~100mS
Drive failed
Off
Off ~150mS
Predicted Failure
(SMART)
On ~500mS
Off ~500mS
Off ~500mS
On ~500mS
Off ~1000S
Predictive failure event
has been reported by
the drive.
About Your System
17
Table 1-2. Hard Drive Indicators
Pattern
Green element
Amber eLement
Drive/slot state
Rebuild Abort
On ~3000mS
Off ~6000mS
Off ~9000mS
On ~3000mS
The drive has been
spun down by a user
request (Prepare to
Remove operation), or
had a rebuild operation
on it aborted by a user
action or due to any
reason other than a
drive failure.
Off ~3000mS
In RAID configurations, the drive-status indicator lights to indicate the status
of the drive.
NOTE: For non-RAID configurations, only the drive-activity indicator is active. The
drive-status indicator is off.
Table 1-2 lists the drive indicator patterns for RAID hard drives. Different
patterns are displayed as drive events occur in the system. For example, if a
hard drive fails, the "drive failed" pattern appears. After the drive is selected
for removal, the "drive being prepared for removal" pattern appears, followed
by the "drive ready for insertion or removal" pattern. After the replacement
drive is installed, the "drive being prepared for operation" pattern appears,
followed by the "drive online" pattern.
Connecting External Devices
When connecting external devices to your system, follow these guidelines:
18
•
Most devices must be connected to a specific connector and device drives
must be installed before the device operates properly. (Device drivers are
normally included with your operating system software or with the device
itself.) See the documentation that accompanied the device for specific
installation and configuration instructions.
•
Always attach external devices while your system and the device are turned
off. Next, turn on any external devices before turning on the system
(unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise).
About Your System
For information about individual connectors, see "Jumpers and Connectors"
on page 153. For information about enabling, disabling, and configuring I/O
ports and connectors, see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
Back Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 1-3 shows the controls, indicators, and connectors located on the
system's back panel.
Figure 1-3. Back Panel Features and Indicators
1
2
3
4
5
6
12
11
7
8
10
9
1
USB connectors (2)
2
Video connector
3
Serial connector
4
Expansion card filler bracket
5
DRAC network connector
6
Network connectors (4)
7
System identification button
8
Intrusion LED
9
Power supply
10
Power connector
11
Power supply lever
12
Power supply latch
About Your System
19
Connecting External Devices
When connecting external devices to your system, follow these guidelines:
•
Most devices must be connected to a specific connector and device drivers
must be installed before the device operates properly. (Device drivers are
normally included with your operating system software or with the device
itself.) See the documentation that accompanied the device for specific
installation and configuration instructions.
•
Always attach external devices while your system and the device are turned
off. Next, turn on any external devices before turning on the system
(unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise).
For information about individual connectors, see "Jumpers and Connectors"
on page 153. For information about enabling, disabling, and configuring I/O
ports and connectors, see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
Power Indicator Codes
The power button on the front panel controls the power input to the system's
power supplies. The power indicator lights green when the system is on.
The indicators on the redundant power supplies show whether power is
present or whether a power fault has occurred (see Figure 1-4). Table 1-3 lists
the power supply indicator codes.
20
About Your System
Figure 1-4. Redundant Power Supply Indicators
1
2
1
power supply status
3
AC line status
3
2
power supply fault
Table 1-3. Redundant Power Supply Indicators
Indicator
Function
Power supply status
Green indicates that the power supply is
operational.
Power supply fault
Amber indicates a problem with the power supply.
AC line status
Green indicates that a valid AC source is connected
to the power supply.
About Your System
21
NIC Indications
Each NIC has two indicators that provides information on network activity
and link status. See Figure 1-5. Table 1-4 lists the NIC indications.
Figure 1-5. NIC Indicators
1
2
1
link indicator (green)
2
activity indicator (amber)
Table 1-4. NIC Indications
Indicators Illumination
Meaning
Link and activity indicators are The NIC is not connected to the network.
off.
Link indicator is on.
The NIC is connected to a valid link partner on the
network.
Activity indicator is blinking.
Network data is being transmitted.
LCD Status Messages
The system's control panel LCD provides status messages to signify when the
system is operating correctly or when the system needs attention.
The LCD lights blue to indicate a normal operating condition, and lights
amber to indicate an error condition. The LCD scrolls a message that
includes a status code followed by descriptive text. Table 1-5 lists the LCD
status messages that can occur and the probable cause for each message. The
LCD messages refer to events recorded in the System Event Log (SEL). For
information on the SEL and configuring system management settings, see
the systems management software documentation.
22
About Your System
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
NOTE: If your system fails to boot, press the System ID button for at least five
seconds until an error code appears on the LCD. Record the code, then see "Getting
Help" on page 165.
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
N/A
SYSTEM NAME A 62-character string that
Corrective Actions
This message is for
can be defined by the user information only.
in the System Setup
You can change the system
program.
ID and name in the
The SYSTEM NAME
System Setup program.
displays under the
See "Using the System
following conditions:
Setup Program" on
• The system is powered page 41.
on.
• The power is off and
active POST errors are
displayed.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E1000 FAILSAFE,
CALL
SUPPORT
E1114 Temp
Ambient
Ambient system
temperature is out of
acceptable range.
E1116 Temp Memory Memory has exceeded
acceptable temperature
and has been disabled to
prevent damage to the
components.
E12nn xx PwrGd
See "Troubleshooting
System Cooling" on
page 138.
See "Troubleshooting
System Cooling" on
page 138.
Specified voltage regulator See "Getting Help" on
has failed.
page 165.
About Your System
23
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
E1210 CMOS Batt
CMOS battery is missing,
or the voltage is out of
acceptable range.
See "Troubleshooting the
System Battery" on
page 136.
E1211 ROMB Batt
RAID battery is either
missing, bad, or unable to
recharge due to thermal
issues.
Reseat the RAID battery
connector. See "Installing a
RAID Battery" on page 84,
and "Troubleshooting the
System Battery" on
page 136.
E1229 CPU # VCORE Processor # VCORE
See "Getting Help" on
voltage regulator has failed. page 165.
E1310 RPM Fan ##
RPM of specified cooling
fan is out of acceptable
operating range.
See "Troubleshooting
System Cooling" on
page 138.
E1313 Fan
Redundancy
The system is no longer
fan-redundant. Another
fan failure will put the
system at risk of
overheating.
Check control panel LCD
for additional scrolling
messages. See
"Troubleshooting System
Cooling" on page 138.
E1410 CPU # IERR
Specified microprocessor is See your system’s
reporting an internal error. Information Update Tech
Sheet located on
support.dell.com for the
most current system
information. If problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 165.
24
About Your System
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
E1414 CPU #
Thermtrip
Causes
Corrective Actions
Specified microprocessor is
out of acceptable
temperature range and has
halted operation.
See "Troubleshooting
System Cooling" on
page 138. If the problem
persists, ensure that the
processor heat sinks are
properly installed. See
"Troubleshooting
Processors" on page 147.
NOTE: The LCD continues
to display this message until
the system’s power cord is
disconnected and
reconnected to the AC
power source, or the SEL is
cleared using either Server
Assistant or the BMC
Management Utility. See the
Dell OpenManage
Baseboard Management
Controller User’s Guide for
information about these
utilities.
E1418 CPU #
Presence
Specified processor is
missing or bad, and the
system is in an
unsupported
configuration.
See "Troubleshooting
Processors" on page 147.
E141C CPU
Mismatch
Processors are in a
Ensure that your
configuration unsupported processors match and
by Dell.
conform to the type
described in the
Microprocessor Technical
Specifications outlined in
your system’s Getting
Started Guide.
About Your System
25
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
E141F CPU
Protocol
The system BIOS has
reported a processor
protocol error.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E1420 CPU Bus
PERR
The system BIOS has
reported a processor
protocol error.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E1421 CPU Init
The system BIOS has
reported a processor
initialization error.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
See "Getting Help" on
E1422 CPU Machine The system BIOS has
reported a machine check page 165.
Chk
error.
E1610 PS #
Missing
No power is available from See "Troubleshooting
the specified power supply; Power Supplies" on
specified power supply is page 137.
improperly installed or
faulty.
E1614 PS # Status No power is available from See "Troubleshooting
the specified power supply; Power Supplies" on
specified power supply is page 137.
improperly installed or
faulty.
E1618 PS #
Predictive
Power supply voltage is out See "Troubleshooting
of acceptable range;
Power Supplies" on
specified power supply is page 137.
improperly installed or
faulty.
E161C PS # Input
Lost
Power source for specified
power supply is
unavailable, or out of
acceptable range.
26
About Your System
Check the AC power
source for the specified
power supply. If problem
persists, see
"Troubleshooting Power
Supplies" on page 137.
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
E1620 PS # Input
Range
Power source for specified
power supply is
unavailable, or out of
acceptable range.
Check the AC power
source for the specified
power supply. If problem
persists, see
"Troubleshooting Power
Supplies" on page 137.
E1624 PS
Redundancy
The power supply
See "Troubleshooting
subsystem is no longer
Power Supplies" on
redundant. If the last
page 137.
supply fails, the system will
go down.
E1710 I/O Channel The system BIOS has
reported an I/O channel
Chk
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
check.
The system BIOS has
Remove and reseat the PCI
E1711 PCI PERR
B## D## F## reported a PCI parity error expansion cards. If the
PCI PERR
Slot #
on a component that
resides in PCI
configuration space at bus
##, device ##, function
##.
problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting
Expansion Cards" on
page 145.
The system BIOS has
reported a PCI parity error
on a component that
resides in the specified PCI
slot.
Remove and reseat the PCI
expansion cards. If the
problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting
Expansion Cards" on
page 145.
If the problem persists, the
The system BIOS has
riser card or system board
reported a PCI parity error is faulty. See "Getting
on a component that
Help" on page 165.
resides in the specified PCI
slot.
PCI PERR
Slot #
If the problem persists, the
riser card or system board
is faulty. See "Getting
Help" on page 165.
About Your System
27
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
The system BIOS has
E1712 PCI SERR
B## D## F## reported a PCI system
PCI SERR
Slot #
Remove and reseat the PCI
expansion cards. If the
error on a component that problem persists, see
resides in PCI
"Troubleshooting
configuration space at bus Expansion Cards" on
##, device ##, function page 145.
##.
If the problem persists, the
The system BIOS has
riser card or system board
reported a PCI system
is faulty. See "Getting
error on a component that Help" on page 165.
resides in the specified
slot.
E1714 Unknown Err The system BIOS has
See "Getting Help" on
determined that there has page 165.
been an error in the
system, but is unable to
determine its origin.
Remove and reseat the PCI
E171F PCIE Fatal The system BIOS has
Err B## D## reported a PCIe fatal error expansion cards. If the
on a component that
problem persists, see
F##
PCIE Fatal
Err Slot #
resides in PCI
configuration space at bus
##, device ##, function
##.
"Troubleshooting
Expansion Cards" on
page 145.
If the problem persists, the
The system BIOS has
riser card or system board
reported a PCIe fatal error is faulty. See "Getting
on a component that
Help" on page 165.
resides in the specified
slot.
E1810 HDD ##
Fault
28
About Your System
The SAS subsystem has
See "Troubleshooting a
determined that hard drive Hard Drive" on page 142.
## has experienced a
fault.
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
E1811 HDD ## Rbld The specified hard drive
has experienced a rebuild
Abrt
abort.
Corrective Actions
See "Troubleshooting a
Hard Drive" on page 142. If
the problem persists, see
your RAID
documentation.
E1812 HDD ##
Removed
The specified hard drive
Information only.
has been removed from the
system.
E1913 CPU &
Firmware
Mismatch
The BMC firmware does Update to the latest BMC
not support the processor. firmware. See the BMC
User’s Guide for more
information on setup and
use of BMC.
E1A14 SAS Cable A SAS cable A is missing or
Reseat the cable. If
problem persists, replace
cable. See "SAS Controller
Card" on page 78.
E1A15 SAS Cable B SAS cable B is missing or
Reseat the cable. If
problem persists, replace
cable. See "SAS Controller
Card" on page 78.
E2010 No Memory
No memory is installed in
the system.
Install memory. See
"General Memory Module
Installation Guidelines" on
page 92.
E2011 Mem Config
Error
Memory detected, but is
not configurable. Error
detected during memory
configuration.
See "Troubleshooting
System Memory" on
page 139.
E2012 Unusable
Memory
Memory is configured, but See "Troubleshooting
not usable. Memory
System Memory" on
subsystem failure.
page 139.
bad.
bad.
E2013 Shadow BIOS The system BIOS failed to See "Troubleshooting
copy its flash image into
System Memory" on
Fail
memory.
page 139.
About Your System
29
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Causes
Corrective Actions
E2014 CMOS Fail
CMOS failure. CMOS
RAM not functioning
properly.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E2015 DMA
Controller
DMA controller failure.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E2016 Int
Controller
Interrupt controller failure. See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E2017 Timer Fail
Timer refresh failure.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E2018 Prog Timer
Programmable interval
timer error.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E2019 Parity
Error
Parity error.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E201A SIO Err
SIO failure.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E201B Kybd
Controller
Keyboard controller failure. See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E201C SMI Init
System management
interrupt (SMI)
initialization failure.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E201D Shutdown
Test
BIOS shutdown test
failure.
See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
E201E POST Mem
Test
BIOS POST memory test
failure.
See "Troubleshooting
System Memory" on
page 139. If problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 165.
30
Test
About Your System
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
E201F DRAC Config Dell Remote Assistant
Check screen for specific
error messages.
Card (DRAC)
configuration failure.
Ensure that DRAC cables
and connectors are
properly seated. If problem
persists, see your DRAC
documentation.
E2020 CPU Config
processor configuration
failure.
Check screen for specific
error messages.
E2021 Memory
Population
Incorrect memory
Check screen for specific
configuration. Memory
error messages. See
population order incorrect. "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 139.
E2022 POST Fail
General failure after video. Check screen for specific
error messages.
E2110 MBE Crd #
DIMM ## &
##
One of the DIMMs in the See "Troubleshooting
set implicated by "## & System Memory" on
##" has had a memory
page 139.
multi-bit error (MBE). If
no memory card is present,
the "Crd #" string is left
out of the message.
The system BIOS has
See "Troubleshooting
E2111 SBE Log
Disable Crd disabled memory single-bit System Memory" on
error (SBE) logging, and
page 139.
# DIMM ##
will not resume logging
further SBEs until the
system is rebooted. "##"
represents the DIMM
implicated by the BIOS. If
no memory riser card is
present, the "Crd #" string
is left out of the message.
About Your System
31
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
E2112 Mem Spare
Crd # DIMM
##
The system BIOS has
See "Troubleshooting
spared the memory
System Memory" on
because it has determined page 139.
that the memory had too
many errors. "## & ##"
represents the DIMM pair
implicated by the BIOS. If
no memory card is present,
the "Crd #" string is left
out of the message.
E2113 Mem Mirror
Crd # DIMM
## & ##
The system BIOS has
See "Troubleshooting
disabled memory mirroring System Memory" on
because it has determined page 139.
that one half of the mirror
has had too many errors.
"## & ##" represents the
DIMM pair implicated by
the BIOS. If no memory
card is present, the "Crd #"
string is left out of the
message.
E2118 Fatal NB
Mem CRC
One of the connections in See "Troubleshooting
the Fully Buffered DIMM System Memory" on
(FBDIMM) memory
page 139.
subsystem link on the
Northbound side has
failed.
E2119 Fatal SB
Mem CRC
One of the connections in See "Troubleshooting
the FBDIMM memory
System Memory" on
subsystem link on the
page 139.
Southbound side has
failed.
I1910 Intrusion
System cover has been
removed.
32
About Your System
Information only.
Table 1-5. LCD Status Messages
Code
Test
Causes
Corrective Actions
Check the SEL for details
I1911 >3 ERRs Chk LCD overflow message.
Log
A maximum of three error on the events.
messages can display
sequentially on the LCD.
The fourth message
displays as the standard
overflow message.
I1912 SEL Full
System Event Log is full of Clear the log by deleting
events, and is unable to log event entries.
any more events.
W1228 ROMB Batt < Warns predictively that the Replace RAID battery. See
RAID battery has less than "RAID Battery" on page 84.
24hr
24 hours of charge left.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see "Glossary"
on page 171.
Solving Problems Described by LCD Status Messages
The code and text of the status messages on the LCD (see Table 1-5) can
often specify a very precise fault condition that is easily corrected. For
example, if the code E1418 CPU_1_Presence appears, you know that a
microprocessor is not installed in socket 1.
In contrast, you might be able to determine the problem if multiple related
errors occur. For example, if you receive a series of messages indicating
multiple voltage faults, you might determine that the problem is a failing
power supply.
Removing LCD Status Messages
For faults associated with sensors, such as temperature, voltage, fans, and so
on, the LCD message is automatically removed when that sensor returns to a
normal state. For example, if temperature for a component goes out of range,
the LCD displays the fault; when the temperature returns to the acceptable
range, the message is removed from the LCD. For other faults, you must take
action to remove the message from the display:
About Your System
33
•
Clear the SEL — You can perform this task remotely, but you will lose the
event history for the system.
•
Power cycle — Turn off the system and disconnect it from the electrical
outlet; wait approximately ten seconds, reconnect the power cable, and
restart the system.
Any of these actions will remove fault messages, and return the status
indicators and LCD colors to the normal state. Messages will reappear under
the following conditions:
•
The sensor returns to a normal state but fails again, resulting in a new SEL
entry.
•
The system is reset and new error events are detected.
•
A failure is recorded from another source that maps to the same display
entry.
System Messages
System messages appear on the screen to notify you of a possible problem
with the system. Table 1-6 lists the system messages that can occur and a brief
description of each message.
NOTE: If you receive a system message that is not listed in Table 1-6, check the
documentation for the application that is running when the message appears or the
operating system's documentation for an explanation of the message and
recommended action.
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
Table 1-6. System Messages
System Message
Corrective Action
Error: Incorrect memory
configuration.
This error message will be displayed when
any memory error which causes memory
loss happens during memory
configuration.
34
About Your System
Table 1-6. System Messages
System Message
Corrective Action
Warning: The current memory
configuration is not
validated. Change it to the
recommended memory
configuration or press any
key to continue.
This warning message will be displayed
when there is no any memory
configuration error, but the memory
configuration is not recommended by
Dell.
Alert! Redundant memory
disabled! Memory
configuration does not
support redundant memory.
Redundant memory was set to enabled in
CMOS, but the current configuration
does not support redundant memory.
Attempting to update Remote
Configuration. Please wait…
Remote Configuration request has been
detected and is being processed.
Caution! NVRAM_CLR jumper is
installed on system board
NVRAM_CLR jumper is installed.
CMOS has been cleared. NVRAM_CLR
jumper should be removed.
CPUs with different cache
sizes detected
The system does not support running
with processors with mismatched cache
sizes
Decreasing available Memory
One or more DIMMs improperly seated
or faulty
Diskette drive 0 seek failure Faulty or improperly inserted diskette,
incorrect configuration settings in System
Setup program, loose diskette/tape drive
interface cable, or loose power cable
Replace the diskette.
Diskette read failure
Faulty diskette, faulty or improperly
connected diskette/tape drive interface
cable, or loose power cable
Diskette subsystem reset
failed
Faulty diskette/tape drive controller
Drive not ready
Diskette missing from or improperly
inserted in diskette drive
About Your System
35
Table 1-6. System Messages
System Message
Corrective Action
Error: Remote Access
Controller initialization
failure
Remote Access Controller initialization
failure
More than one RAC detected,
system halted
More than one RAC detected
Error 8602 – Auxiliary Device Mouse cable connector loose or
Failure
improperly connected, defective mouse
Verify that mouse and
keyboard are securely
attached to correct
connectors.
Gate A20 failure
Faulty keyboard controller
General failure
Operating system corrupted or not
installed properly
Keyboard controller failure
Defective keyboard/mouse controller
Keyboard data line failure
Keyboard cable connector loose or
improperly connected, defective
keyboard, or defective keyboard/mouse
controller
Keyboard stuck key failure
Keyboard fuse has failed.
Overcurrent detected at Keyboard
connector
Manufacturing mode detected
System is in manufacturing mode. Clear
CMOS via NVRAM_CLR jumper to take
system out of manufacturing mode.
36
About Your System
Table 1-6. System Messages
System Message
Corrective Action
Memory address line failure
at address, read value
expecting value
Faulty or improperly seated DIMMs or
defective system board
Memory double word logic
failure at address, read
value expecting value
Memory odd/even logic failure
at address, read value
expecting value
Memory write/read failure at
address, read value expecting
value
Memory tests terminated by
keystroke
POST memory test terminated by
pressing the <spacebar>
No boot device available
Faulty diskette, diskette/tape drive
subsystem, hard-disk drive, hard-disk
drive subsystem, or no boot disk in drive
A
No boot sector on hard-disk
drive
Incorrect configuration settings in System
Setup program, or no operating system on
hard-disk drive
No timer tick interrupt
Defective system board
Not a boot diskette
No operating system on diskette
PCI BIOS failed to installed
PCI device BIOS (Option ROM)
checksum failure is detected during
shadowing
Plug & Play Configuration
error
Plug & Play Configuration error is
detected during PCI device scan
Read fault
Requested sector not found
Faulty diskette, diskette/tape drive
subsystem, or hard-disk drive subsystem
Remote Configuration update
attempt failed
System was unable to process Remote
Configuration request.
About Your System
37
Table 1-6. System Messages
System Message
Corrective Action
ROM bad checksum = address
Expansion card improperly installed or
faulty
Sector not found
Defective sectors on diskette or hard-disk
drive
Seek error
Defective sectors on diskette or hard-disk
drive
Seek operation failed
Faulty diskette or hard-disk drive
Shutdown failure
Defective system board
Spare bank enabled
DIMM sparing has been enabled
The amount of system memory
has changed
DIMMs have been added or removed
Time-of-day clock stopped
Defective battery or faulty chip
Time-of-day not set – please
run SETUP program
Incorrect Time or Date settings or
defective system battery
Timer chip counter 2 failed
Defective system board
Unexpected interrupt in
protected mode
Improperly seated DIMMs or faulty
keyboard/mouse controller chip
Unsupported CPU combination
The installed processors cannot be
installed at the same time.
Unsupported CPU stepping
detected
Invalid processor stepping is detected
Unsupported DIMM detected in
the RAID DIMM slot!
DIMM installed in RAID DIMM slot is
not supported.
Utility partition not
available
Utility partition is not available on the
hard disk
Write fault
Faulty diskette or hard-disk drive
Write fault on selected drive
BIOS Update Attempt Failed
BIOS remote update failed
Warning! No micro code update Micro code update failed
loaded for processor n
38
About Your System
Table 1-6. System Messages
System Message
Corrective Action
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the
"Glossary" on page 171.
Warning Messages
A warning message alerts you to a possible problem and prompts you to
respond before the system continues a task. For example, before you format a
hard drive, a message will warn you that you may lose all data on the hard
drive. Warning messages usually interrupt the task and require you to respond
by typing y (yes) or n (no).
NOTE: Warning messages are generated by either the application or the operating
system. For more information, see the documentation that accompanied the
operating system or application.
Diagnostics Messages
When you run system diagnostics, an error message may result. Diagnostic
error messages are not covered in this section. Record the message on a copy
of the Diagnostics Checklist in "Getting Help" on page 165, and then follow
the instructions in that section for obtaining technical assistance.
Alert Messages
Systems management software generates alert messages for your system. Alert
messages include information, status, warning, and failure messages for drive,
temperature, fan, and power conditions. For more information, see the
systems management software documentation.
About Your System
39
40
About Your System
Using the System Setup Program
2
After you set up your system, run the System Setup program to familiarize
yourself with your system configuration and optional settings. Record the
information for future reference.
You can use the System Setup program to:
•
Change the system configuration stored in NVRAM after you add, change,
or remove hardware
•
Set or change user-selectable options—for example, the time or date
•
Enable or disable integrated devices
•
Correct discrepancies between the installed hardware and configuration
settings
Entering the System Setup Program
1 Turn on or restart your system.
2 Press <F2> immediately after you see the following message:
<F2> = System Setup
If your operating system begins to load before you press <F2>, allow the
system to finish booting, and then restart your system and try again.
NOTE: To ensure an orderly system shutdown, see the documentation that
accompanied your operating system.
Responding to Error Messages
You can enter the System Setup program by responding to certain error
messages. If an error message appears while the system is booting, make a
note of the message. Before entering the System Setup program, see "System
Messages" on page 34 for an explanation of the message and suggestions for
correcting errors.
Using the System Setup Program
41
NOTE: After installing a memory upgrade, it is normal for your system to send a
message the first time you start your system.
Using the System Setup Program
Table 2-1 lists the keys that you use to view or change information on the
System Setup program screens and to exit the program.
Table 2-1. Setup Menu Key Use
Key
Function
Description
<Enter>
Execute
Command
<Enter> activates and closes sub-menus, and
selects sub-fields for time/date only.
<Esc>
Exit
<Esc> provides a way to back out of any field.
When the <Esc> key is pressed while editing
any field or selecting features of a menu, the
parent menu is re-entered. When <Esc> is
pressed in a submenu, the parent menu is reentered. When <Esc> is pressed in a major
menu, the exit confirmation window is displayed
and the user is asked whether changes should be
saved or discarded.
Up arrow
Select item up
The up arrow is used to select the previous value
in a menu item's option list. Press <Enter> to
activate the selected item.
Down arrow
Select item down The down arrow is used to select the next value
in a menu item's option list. Press <Enter> to
activate the selected item.
Left and right
arrows
Select menu
The left and right arrow keys are used to select
values for a setup item.
<->
Change value
The minus key scrolls backward through the
selected item's values.
<+>
Change value
The plus key scrolls forward through the selected
item's values. On 106-key Japanese keyboards,
the plus key has a different scan code than the
plus key on keyboards from other regions, but it
performs the same function.
42
Using the System Setup Program
Table 2-1. Setup Menu Key Use
Key
Function
Description
<Alt><b>
Immediate save
and reboot
Immediately saves any changed setup items and
reboots the server. The user will NOT be
prompted for confirmation.
<Alt><d>
Load selected
item default
Loads default for the currently selected setup
item.
<Alt><f>
Load all defaults Loads all setup defaults.
NOTE: For most of the options, any changes that you make are recorded but do not
take effect until you restart the system.
System Setup Options
Main Screen
When you enter the System Setup program, the main System Setup program
screen appears (see Figure 2-1).
Figure 2-1. Main System Setup Program Screen
Table 2-2 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the main System Setup program screen.
Using the System Setup Program
43
NOTE: The options for the System Setup program change based on the system
configuration.
NOTE: The System Setup program defaults are listed under their respective
options, where applicable.
Table 2-2. System Setup Program Options
Option
Description
System Time
Set up the system time
System Date
Set up the system date
Memory Information
Set up the memory configuration. See
"Memory Information Screen" on page 45.
CPU Information
Set up the processor configuration. See
"CPU Information Screen" on page 45.
Boot Sequence
Set up the boot device sequence
USB Flash Drive Emulation Type
Set up Virtual Floppy as Auto / Floppy /
Hard disk
Boot Sequence Retry
Enabled / Disabled
Integrated Devices
Set up Integrated Devices. See "Integrated
Devices Screen" on page 46.
PCI IRQ Assigment
View IRQ assignments. See "PCI IRQ
Screen" on page 47.
Serial Communication
Set up Serial Communication parameters.
See "Serial Communication Screen" on
page 47.
Embedded Server Management
Set up Embedded Server Management.
See "Embedded Server Management
Screen" on page 48.
System Security
Set up the system security. See "System
Security Screen" on page 48.
Keyboard NumLock
Enabled / Disabled
Report Keyboard Errors
Report / No Report
44
Using the System Setup Program
Memory Information Screen
Table 2-3 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Memory Information screen.
Table 2-3. Memory Information Screen
Option
Description
System Memory Size
Displays memory size
System Memory Speed
Displays memory speed
System Memory Testing
Enabled / Disabled
Redundant Memory
Disabled / Spare Mode / Mirror Mode
Snoop Filter
Enabled / Disabled
Low Power Mode
Enabled / Disabled
Memory Population Information
Displays size, speed, and rank
High-Bandwidth Mode
Enabled / Disabled
CPU Information Screen
Table 2-4 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the CPU Information screen.
Table 2-4. CPU Information Screen
Option
Description
64-bit
Information Only (Yes/No)
Core Speed
Information Only
Bus Speed
Information Only
Virtualization Technology
Enable/Disable virtualization capabilities
of the processor(s)
NOTE: If Virtualization Technology is set to
ENABLED, the system will perform a power
cycle (power off then back on) immediately
after saving/exiting BIOS Setup.
Using the System Setup Program
45
Table 2-4. CPU Information Screen
Option
Description
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch
Enable/Disable system optimization for
sequential memory access
Hardware Prefetcher
Enable/Disable the hardware prefetcher
Demand-Based Power Management
Enable/Disable advanced power
management for processors (if supported).
Processor x ID
Information Only (Displayed for each
physical processor detected)
Processor ID String
Information Only (Displayed for each
physical processor detected)
Level 2 Cache
Information Only (Displayed for each
physical processor detected)
Number of cores
Information Only (Displayed for each
physical processor detected)
Integrated Devices Screen
Table 2-5 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Integrated Devices screen.
Table 2-5. Integrated Devices Screen Options
Option
Description
Integrated RAID Controller
Enabled / Disabled
Optical Drive Controller
Enabled / Disabled
User Accessible USB Ports
All Ports On / Only Back Ports On / All
Ports Off
Internal USB Port
Enabled / Disabled
Embedded Gb NIC#
(Displayed for each NIC) Enabled without
PXE / Enabled with PXE / Disabled
46
MAC Address
(Displayed for each NIC) Information
Only
Capability Detected
(Displayed for each NIC) Information
Only
Using the System Setup Program
Table 2-5. Integrated Devices Screen Options
Option
Description
I/OAT DMA Engine
Disabled / Enabled
PCI IRQ Screen
Table 2-6 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the PCI IRQ screen.
Table 2-6. PCI IRQ Screen Options
Option
Description
Embedded NIC # (for each NIC)
IRQ #
Integrated Dell Inc RAID Adapter
IRQ #
Embedded USB UHCI Controller # (for IRQ #
each controller)
Embedded USB EHCI Controller
IRQ #
Embedded Video
IRQ #
Embedded IDE
IRQ #
Embedded SATA
IRQ #
Serial Communication Screen
Table 2-7 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Serial Communication screen.
Table 2-7. Serial Communication Screen Options
Option
Description
Serial Communication
On without Console Redirection /
On with Console Redirection via COM 1 /
On with Console Redirection via COM 2 /
Off
External Serial Connector
Remote Access Device / COM 1 / COM 2
Using the System Setup Program
47
Table 2-7. Serial Communication Screen Options
Option
Description
Failsafe Baud Rate
15200 / 57600 / 19200 / 9600
Remote Terminal Type
VT100/VT220 / ANSI
Redirection After Boot
Enabled / Disabled
Embedded Server Management Screen
Table 2-8 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Embedded Server Management screen.
Table 2-8. Embedded Server Management Options
Option
Description
Front-Panel LCD Options
Default / None / User-Defined String
Default / None / User-Defined String
Press <Enter> to input the string
System Security Screen
Table 2-9 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the System Security screen.
Table 2-9. System Security Screen Options
Option
Description
System Password
Disabled / Enabled
Setup Password
Disabled / Enabled
Password Status
Unlocked / Locked
TPM Security
See "Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
Security Screen" on page 49.
Power Button
Enabled / Disabled
NMI Button
Enabled / Disabled
AC Power Recovery
Last /On /Off
48
Using the System Setup Program
Trusted Platform Module (TPM) Security Screen
Table 2-10 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the TPM Security screen.
Table 2-10.
Option
TPM Security Screen Options
TPM Security
Description
Off (default)/
On with pre-boot measurements/
On without pre-boot measurements
TPM Clear
Yes/No (default)
Exit Screen
After you press <Esc> to exit the System Setup program, the Exit screen
displays the following options to select from:
•
Save Changes and Exit
•
Discard Changes and Exit
•
Return to Setup
System and Setup Password Features
NOTICE: The password features provide a basic level of security for the data on
your system. If your data requires more security, use additional forms of protection,
such as data encryption programs.
NOTICE: Anyone can access the data stored on your system if you leave the
system running and unattended without having a system password assigned or if
you leave your system unlocked so that someone can disable the password by
changing a jumper setting.
Your system is shipped to you without the system password feature enabled. If
system security is a concern, operate your system only with system password
protection.
To change an existing password, you must know the password (see "Changing
the System Password" on page 52). If you forget your password, you cannot
operate your system or change settings in the System Setup program until a
Using the System Setup Program
49
trained service technician changes the password jumper setting to disable the
passwords, and erases the existing passwords. This procedure is described in
"Disabling a Forgotten Password" on page 162.
Using the System Password
After a system password is assigned, only those who know the password have
full use of the system. When the System Password option is set to Enabled,
the system prompts you for the system password after the system starts.
Assigning a System Password
Before you assign a system password, enter the System Setup program and
check the System Password option.
When a system password is assigned, the setting shown for the System
Password option is Enabled. If the setting shown for the Password Status is
Unlocked, you can change the system password. If the Password Status option
is Locked, you cannot change the system password. When the system
password feature is disabled by a jumper setting, the system password is
Disabled, and you cannot change or enter a new system password.
When a system password is not assigned and the password jumper on the
system board is in the enabled position, the setting shown for the System
Password option is Not Enabled and the Password Status field is Unlocked. To
assign a system password:
1 Verify that the Password Status option is set to Unlocked.
2 Highlight the System Password option and then press <Enter>.
3 Type your new system password.
You can use up to 32 characters in your password.
As you press each character key (or the spacebar for a blank space), a
placeholder appears in the field.
The password assignment is not case-sensitive. Uppercase letters,
lowercase letters, numbers and special ASCII characters
`~!@#$%^&*()_-+=[{}]\|;:’”,<.>/? are all valid for password use.
NOTE: Numbers and symbols typed from the keypad are different from
numbers and symbols typed from along the top of the keyboard.
50
Using the System Setup Program
To erase a character when entering your password, press <Backspace> or
the left-arrow key.
NOTE: To escape from the field without assigning a system password, press
<Enter> to move to another field, or press <Esc> at any time prior to
completing step 5.
4 Press <Enter>.
5 To confirm your password, type it a second time and press <Enter>.
The setting shown for the System Password changes to Enabled. Exit
the System Setup program and begin using your system.
6 Either reboot your system now for your password protection to take effect
or continue working.
NOTE: Password protection does not take effect until you reboot the system.
Using Your System Password to Secure Your System
NOTE: If you have assigned a setup password (see "Using the Setup Password" on
page 53), the system accepts your setup password as an alternate system
password.
When the Password Status option is set to Unlocked, you have the option to
leave the password security enabled or to disable the password security. To
leave the password security enabled:
1 Turn on or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
2 Type your password and press <Enter>.
To disable the password security:
1 Turn on or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
2 Type your password and press <Ctrl><Enter>.
When the Password Status in BIOS Setup is set to Locked, and you turn on
or reboot your system, you will only be able to enter your system password
without the ability to disable it using <Ctrl><Enter>. You must enter BIOS
Setup and change the Password Status item to Unlocked to regain this
functionality.
After you type the correct system password and press <Enter>, your system
operates as usual.
Using the System Setup Program
51
If an incorrect system password is entered, the system displays a message and
prompts you to re-enter your password. You have three attempts to enter the
correct password. After the third unsuccessful attempt, the system displays
"Number of Unsuccessful Password Attempts" and then displays "System
Halted! Must Power Down." This message can alert you to an unauthorized
person attempting to use your system.
Even after you shut down and restart the system, the error message continues
to be displayed until the correct password is entered.
NOTE: You can use the Password Status option in conjunction with the System
Password and Setup Password options to further protect your system from
unauthorized changes.
Disabling an Existing System Password
There are several methods of disabling the password such that the password
can be deleted or changed.
Method 1: Disabling/Deleting the System Password from POST
1 If the Password Status item in BIOS Setup is set to Unlocked, then enter
your system password and press <Ctrl><Enter> to disable the password.
Method 2: Disabling/Deleting the System Password from BIOS Setup
1 Enter the System Setup program by pressing <F2> during POST.
2 When prompted, type the correct system password and press <Enter>.
3 In the Setup Program, open the System Security Screen and verify that the
Password Status is set to Unlocked.
4 Highlight the Setup Password option, press <Enter> to access the setup
password window, and press <Enter> twice to clear the existing setup
password. The setting changes to Not Enabled.
5 Verify the System Password is now set to Not Enabled.
6 Press <ESC> to exit Setup and continue or press <Alt><b> to
immediately save and reboot.
Changing the System Password
1 Enter the System Setup program by pressing <F2> during POST.
2 When prompted, type the correct system password and press <Enter>.
52
Using the System Setup Program
3 In the Setup Program, open the System Security Screen and verify that the
Password Status is set to Unlocked.
4 Select System Password and press <Enter>. Enter a new password for
both "Enter Password" and "Confirm Password."
5 Verify the System Password is still set to Enabled.
6 Press <ESC> to exit Setup and continue or press <Alt><b> to
immediately save and reboot.
Using the Setup Password
Assigning a Setup Password
You can assign (or change) a setup password only when the Setup Password
option is set to Not Enabled. To assign a setup password, highlight the Setup
Password option and press the <+>,<–>, or <Enter> key. The system
prompts you to enter and verify the password.
NOTE: The setup password can be the same as the system password. If the two
passwords are different, the setup password can be used as an alternate system
password. However, the system password cannot be used in place of the setup
password.
You can use up to 32 characters in your password.
As you press each character key (or the spacebar for a blank space), a
placeholder appears in the field.
The password assignment is not case-sensitive. Uppercase letters, lowercase
letters, numbers and special ASCII characters `~!@#$%^&*()_-+=
[{}]\|;:’”,<.>/? are all valid for password use.
NOTE: Numbers and symbols typed from the keypad are different from numbers
and symbols typed from along the top of the keyboard.
To erase a character when entering your password, press <Backspace> or the
left-arrow key.
After you verify the password, the Setup Password setting changes to Enabled.
The next time you enter the System Setup program, the system prompts you
for the setup password.
A change to the Setup Password option becomes effective immediately
(restarting the system is not required).
Using the System Setup Program
53
Operating With a Setup Password Enabled
If Setup Password is set to Enabled, you must enter the correct setup
password before you can modify most of the System Setup options. When
you start the System Setup program, the program prompts you to enter a
password.
If you do not enter the correct password in three attempts, the system lets you
view, but not modify, the System Setup screens—with the following
exception: If System Password is not set to Enabled and is not locked through
the Password Status option, you can assign a system password (however, you
cannot disable or change an existing system password).
NOTE: You can use the Password Status option in conjunction with the Setup
Password option to protect the system password from unauthorized changes.
Disabling the System Password
1 Enter the System Setup program and select the System Security option.
2 Highlight the Setup Password option, press <Enter> to access the setup
password window, and press <Enter> twice to clear the existing setup
password. The setting changes to Not Enabled.
3 If you want to assign a new setup password, perform the steps in
"Assigning a Setup Password" on page 53.
Disabling a Forgotten Password
A jumper on the system board enables the password. See "Disabling a
Forgotten Password" on page 162.
Baseboard Management Controller Configuration
The Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) enables configuring,
monitoring, and recovery of systems remotely. BMC enables configuring the
following features:
54
•
IPMI Over LAN
•
NIC Selection
•
LAN Parameters
•
Advanced LAN Parameters
Using the System Setup Program
•
Virtual Media Configuration
•
LAN User Configuration
•
Reset To Default
•
System Event Log Menu
NOTE: To remotely access the BMC through the integrated NIC, you must connect
the network connection to integrated NIC1.
For additional information on using BMC, see the documentation for the
BMC and systems management applications.
Entering the BMC Setup Module
1 Turn on or restart your system.
2 Press <Ctrl><e> when prompted after POST.
If your operating system begins to load before you press <Crtl><e>,
allow the system to finish booting, and then restart your system and try
again.
BMC Setup Module Options
For information about the BMC Setup Module options and how to configure
the emergency management port (EMP), see the BMC User’s Guide.
Using the System Setup Program
55
56
Using the System Setup Program
Installing System Components
3
This section describes how gain access to the system and to install the
following system components:
•
Hard drives
•
Replacing a hard drive carrier
•
Power supplies
•
System fans
•
Cooling shroud
•
SAS controller card
•
RAID battery
•
Configuring the boot device
•
PCI Express add-in cards
•
Optical drive
•
System memory
•
Processors
•
System battery
•
Activating the NIC TOE
•
I/O riser
•
DRAC
•
SAS backplane (Service-only Procedure)
•
Power Interposer Board (Service-only Procedure)
•
System board (Service-only Procedure)
Installing System Components
57
Recommended Tools
You may need the following items to perform the procedures in this section:
•
Key to the system keylock
•
#2 Phillips screwdriver
•
Common screwdriver
•
Wrist grounding strap
•
Conductive foam pad (recommended)
Inside the System
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
Figure 3-1 shows the interior of the system with the cover removed.
58
Installing System Components
Figure 3-1. Inside the System
8
7
5
9
6
4
3
2
1
10
1
Front fan
2
Intrusion switch
3
RAID controller
4
SAS backplane
5
Processor heat sink
6
Center brace
7
Memory riser
8
Back fan
9
PCI Express card
10
Hard drives
Removing and Installing the Top Cover
CAUTION: If the system is rack mounted, make sure the rack is anchored
securely so it will not tilt forward when the server is extended. A crush hazard
exists if the rack tilts forward. This could cause serious injury and/or death.
Installing System Components
59
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
NOTICE: For proper cooling and airflow, do not operate the server with the cover
removed for more than four minutes. Do not leave the chassis cover open or a
system fan removed any longer than necessary; system cooling could be reduced.
NOTICE: The server comes with a removable top cover that allows the system fans
to be hot-plugged and other system components to be serviced. Except for
components described in this chapter, all servicing must be done by a qualified
service technician.
NOTICE: Provide ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection at all times by wearing
an antistatic wrist strap attached to the any unpainted chassis surface (chassis
ground) when handling electronic components.
Removing the Top Cover
To upgrade or troubleshoot the system, remove the system cover to gain
access to internal components.
1 Unless you are installing a hot-plug component such as a cooling fan or
power supply, remove power from the system and attached peripherals,
and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet and peripherals.
2 To remove the system cover, turn the latch release lock counter-clockwise
to the unlocked position. See Figure 3-2.
3
Lift the latch on top of the system. The cover will slide back as you lift the
latch. See Figure 3-2.
4 Grasp the cover on both sides and carefully lift the cover away from the
system.
Installing the Top Cover
1 Lift up the latch on the cover.
2 Place the cover on top of the system and offset the cover slightly back so
that it clears the chassis J hooks and lays flush on the system chassis. See
Figure 3-2.
3 Push down the latch to lever the cover into the closed position.
4 Rotate the latch release lock in a clockwise direction to secure the cover.
60
Installing System Components
Figure 3-2. Removing the Top Cover
2
1
3
1
Latch
3
Alignment J hooks
2
Latch release lock
Installing System Components
61
Hard Drives
This subsection describes how to install and configure SAS or SATA hard
drives in the system's internal hard drive bays. Your system features up to five
3.5-inch hard drives, or eight 2.5-inch hard drives. All drives connect to the
system board through one of several optional SAS backplanes. See "Power
Interposer Connectors" on page 160 for information on these backplane
options.
NOTE: Depending on the hard drive configuration you ordered, your hard drive(s)
may come with a drive interposer that allows your SATA drive to attach to the SAS
connector on the backplane.
Before You Begin
Hard drives are supplied in special hot-pluggable SATA drive carriers that fit
in the hard drive bays.
NOTICE: Before attempting to remove or install a drive while the system is running,
see the documentation for the optional SAS RAID controller card to ensure that the
host adapter is configured correctly to support hot-plug drive removal and
insertion.
NOTE: It is recommended that you use only drives that have been tested and
approved for use with the SAS backplane.
You may need to use different programs than those provided with the
operating system to partition and format SAS or SATA hard drives.
NOTICE: Do not turn off or reboot your system while the drive is being formatted.
Doing so can cause a drive failure.
When you format a high-capacity hard drive, allow enough time for the
formatting to be completed. Long format times for these drives are normal.
Removing a Drive Blank
NOTICE: To maintain proper system cooling, all empty hard drive bays must have
drive blanks installed. If you remove a hard drive carrier from the system and do not
reinstall it, you must replace the carrier with a drive blank.
The process for removing a drive blank depends on whether your system is
configured with 3.5-inch or 2.5-inch hard drives.
For 3.5-inch hard drive configurations:
62
Installing System Components
1 Press the drive blank release in the direction of the arrow.
2 Pry the ends of the blank outward until the blank is free.
For 2.5-inch hard drive configurations, remove the blank as you would the
2.5-inch hard drive carrier:
1 Open the drive blank release handle to release the blank. See Figure 3-3.
2 Slide the drive blank out until it is free of the drive bay.
Figure 3-3. Removing a Drive Blank
1
1
Release handle
Installing a Drive Blank
The process for installing a drive blank depends on whether your system is
configured with 3.5-inch or 2.5-inch hard drives.
Installing System Components
63
For 3.5-inch hard drive configurations, the drive blank is keyed to ensure
correct insertion into the drive bay. To install a 3.5-inch drive blank, insert
and rotate in the keyed side of the blank into the drive bay and press evenly
on the other end of the blank until it is fully inserted and latched.
For 2.5-inch hard drive configurations, install the hard drive blank as a 2.5inch hard drive carrier:
1 Open the handle on the drive blank.
2 Insert the drive blank into the drive bay until the blank is fully seated.
3 Close the handle to lock the blank in place.
Removing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
NOTICE: To maintain proper system cooling, all empty hard drive bays must have
drive blanks installed.
1 From the RAID management software, prepare the drive for removal and
wait until the hard drive indicators on the drive carrier signal that the drive
can be removed safely. See your SAS RAID controller documentation for
information about hot-plug drive removal.
If the drive has been online, the green activity/fault indicator will flash as
the drive is powered down. When both drive indicators are off, the drive is
ready for removal.
2 Squeeze the carrier handle to unlatch the carrier from the system.
3 Pull the carrier handle away from the system to extract the carrier. See
Figure 3-4.
64
Installing System Components
Figure 3-4. Removing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
2
3
1
1
activity and fault indicators
3
hard drive
2
drive carrier release handle
4 Slide the hard drive out until it is free of the drive bay.
5 If you do not replace the hard drive, insert a drive blank in the vacated
drive bay. See "Installing a Drive Blank" on page 63".
Installing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
NOTICE: When installing a hard drive, ensure that the adjacent drives are fully
installed. Inserting a hard drive carrier and attempting to lock its handle next to a
partially installed carrier can damage the partially installed carrier's shield spring
and make it unusable.
NOTICE: Not all operating systems support hot-plug drive installation. See the
documentation supplied with your operating system.
Installing System Components
65
1 If a drive blank is present in the bay, remove it. See "Removing a Drive
Blank" on page 62.
2 Open the handle on the hard drive carrier.
3 Insert the hard drive carrier into the drive bay until the carrier contacts the
backplane.
4 Close the handle to lock the drive in place.
Replacing a Hard Drive Carrier
Removing a Hard Drive From a Hard Drive Carrier
1 Remove the four screws from the slide rails on the hard drive carrier.
2 Separate the hard drive from the carrier.
Installing a SAS Hard Drive Into a SATAu Drive Carrier
NOTE: SAS hard drives must be installed only in SATAu drive carriers. The SATAu
drive carrier is labeled "SATAu" and also has marks indicating the SAS and SATA
mounting screws.
1 Insert the SAS hard drive into the hard drive carrier with the connector
end of the drive at the back. See Figure 3-5.
2 Viewing the assembly as shown in Figure 3-5, align the bottom back screw
hole on the hard drive with the hole labeled "SAS" on the hard drive carrier.
When aligned correctly, the back of the hard drive will be flush with the
back of the hard drive carrier.
3 Attach the four screws to secure the hard drive to the hard drive carrier. See
Figure 3-5.
66
Installing System Components
Figure 3-5. Installing a SAS Hard Drive Into a SATAu Drive Carrier
1
2
3
SATAu SAS
1
Screw (4)
3
Hard drive
2
Drive carrier
Installing a SATA Hard Drive Into a SATAu Hard Drive Carrier
NOTE: The SATAu drive carrier is labeled "SATAu" and also has marks indicating
the SAS and SATA mounting screws.
1 Insert the SATA hard drive into the SATAu hard drive carrier with the
connector end of the drive at the back. See Figure 3-5.
2 Viewing the assembly as shown in Figure 3-5, align the bottom back screw
hole on the hard drive with the hole labeled "SATAu" on the hard drive
carrier.
3 Attach the four screws to secure the hard drive to the hard drive carrier. See
Figure 3-5.
Installing System Components
67
Power Supplies
Two power supplies power your system.
NOTE: Your system can operate using only one power supply, but with severely
degraded performance.
Removing a Power Supply
NOTICE: The system requires one power supply for the system to operate normally.
The system is in the redundant mode when two power supplies are installed and
both power supplies are connected to an AC power source. Remove and replace
only one power supply at a time in a system that is powered on. Operating the
system with only one power supply installed and without a power supply blank
installed for extended periods of time can cause the system to overheat.
NOTICE: If only one power supply is installed, it must be installed in power supply
bay (1).
NOTICE: If you connect the system to a power source in the range of 120 to 220
VAC, and if two power supplies are installed, the second power supply serves as a
redundant, hot-plug power source.
1 If your system has a single power supply, remove power from the system
and all attached peripherals. For a redundant system, you can leave the
system running and proceed to the next step.
2 Disconnect the power cable from the power source.
3 Disconnect the power cable from the power supply.
4 Depress the power supply latch and then pull the power supply lever to
extract the power supply out of the chassis. See Figure 3-6.
5 Pull the power supply straight out to clear the chassis.
68
Installing System Components
Figure 3-6. Removing a Power Supply
2
1
4
3
1
Power supply latch
2
Power supply lever
3
Power connector
4
Power supply status indicators
Installing a Power Supply
1 With the power-supply lever in the extended position, slide the new power
supply into the chassis. See Figure 3-6.
2 Rotate the lever toward the power supply until it is completely flush with
the power-supply faceplate and the power supply latch engages. See
Figure 3-6.
Installing System Components
69
3 Connect the power cable to the power supply, and plug the cable into a
power outlet.
NOTE: After installing a new power supply, allow several seconds for the
system to recognize the power supply and determine whether it is working
properly. The power supply status indicator will turn green to signify that the
power supply is functioning properly. See Figure 3-6.
System Fans
The system includes eight hot-pluggable cooling fans, four in the front and
four in the back.
Four cooling fan are located at the front of the chassis.You can replace each
fan.
Two cooling fan housings are located in the back of the chassis. Each housing
contains two fans. You can replace each fan and each fan housing.
You can replace a failed cooling fan without turning off the power to the
server only if the remaining fans are fully functional.
Removing a Front System Fan
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Locate the fan you are removing.
3 Squeeze the fan loop handles to unlatch the fan from the chassis.
4 Pull the fan straight up from the fan cage to clear the chassis.
Installing a Front System Fan
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Position the connector on the fan to mate with the connector on the
chassis.
70
Installing System Components
3 Position the fan between the chassis guides.
4 Lower the replacement fan into the chassis until it snaps into place.
Hot-plugging a Front System Fan
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
CAUTION: Use caution when handling the fan until the fan blades stop spinning.
NOTICE: For proper cooling and airflow, do not operate the server with the cover
removed for more than four minutes. Do not leave the chassis cover open or a
system fan removed any longer than necessary; system cooling could be reduced.
NOTICE: The system fans are hot-pluggable. To maintain proper cooling while the
system is on, replace only one fan at a time.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Locate the fan you are replacing.
3 Squeeze the fan loop handles to unlatch the fan from the chassis.
4 Pull the fan straight up from the fan cage to clear the chassis.
5 Position the connector on the replacement fan to mate with the connector
on the chassis.
6 Position the fan between the chassis guides.
7 Lower the replacement fan into the chassis until it snaps into place.
8 Reinstall the top cover.
Installing System Components
71
Figure 3-7. Hot-plugging a Front System Fan
3
2
1
4
1
Brace
2
Fan
3
Loop handle
4
Fan connector
Removing a Back System Fan
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Locate the fan you are removing.
72
Installing System Components
3 Squeeze the fan loop handles to unlatch the fan from the back system fan
housing.
4 Pull the fan straight up from the fan cage to clear the back system fan
housing.
Installing a Back System Fan
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Position the connector on the fan to mate with the connector on the
chassis.
3 Position the fan in the fan housing.
4 Lower the replacement fan into the back system fan housing until it snaps
into place.
Hot-plugging a Back System Fan
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
CAUTION: Use caution when handling the fan until the fan blades stop spinning.
NOTICE: For proper cooling and airflow, do not operate the server with the cover
removed for more than four minutes. Do not leave the chassis cover open or a
system fan removed any longer than necessary; system cooling could be reduced.
NOTICE: The system fans are hot-pluggable. To maintain proper cooling while the
system is on, replace only one fan at a time.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Locate the fan you are replacing.
3 Squeeze the fan loop handles to unlatch the fan from the chassis.
4 Pull the fan straight up from the fan housing to clear the fan housing.
5 Position the connector on the fan to mate with the connector on the
chassis.
Installing System Components
73
6 Position the fan in the fan housing.
7 Lower the replacement fan into the housing until it snaps into place.
Removing a Back System Fan Housing
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove memory risers. See "Removing a Memory Riser" on page 96.
4 Remove applicable back system fans. See "Removing a Back System Fan"
on page 72.
5 Pull the fan housing latch forward and lift back system fan housing clear of
the chassis.
74
Installing System Components
Figure 3-8. Removing a Back System Fan Housing
3
4
2
1
1
Fan housing latch
2
Fan housing
3
Fan loop handle
4
Location of fan housing
Installing a Back System Fan Housing
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Align fan housing guides with frame.
Installing System Components
75
4 Lower the replacement fan housing into the chassis until it snaps into
place.
Cooling Shroud
The cooling shroud directs airflow over the processors.
NOTICE: Never operate your system with the cooling shroud removed. The system
can overheat quickly resulting in a shutdown of the system and the loss of data.
Removing the Cooling Shroud
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Grasp the finger holds and lift the cooling shroud straight up. You might
have to lift the corners of the shroud up to disengage the shroud guides
from the chassis.
76
Installing System Components
Figure 3-9. Removing the Cooling Shroud
1
2
3
1
Cooling shroud
3
Chassis slot
2
Finger holds
Installing the Cooling Shroud
NOTICE: When installing the cooling shroud, ensure that the shroud does not
damage system cabling.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Position the shroud guides above the slots in the chassis.
4 Gently press the cooling shroud down into place.
Installing System Components
77
SAS Controller Card
Your system includes a dedicated slot for a SAS controller card. The SAS
controller card provides the SAS storage subsystem for your system’s internal
hard drives. The optional SAS RAID controller card allows you to set up any
internal hard drives in a RAID configuration. Although the cabling for the
two types of cards is different (the SAS controller card has only one connector,
while the SAS RAID controller card has two), both cards install into the
dedicated slot as described below. The SAS RAID controller card is shown in
Figure 3-10.
78
Installing System Components
Figure 3-10. SAS RAID Controller Card
3
2
1
4
1
RAID battery connector
2
Controller connector (2)
3
RAID DIMM
4
Card latch
Installing System Components
79
Removing a SAS Controller Card
NOTICE: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions
in your Product Information Guide.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 76.
4 Disconnect each controller connector by squeezing the connector latches
and lifting the connector straight up.
NOTICE: Do not lift on SAS RAID DIMM card attached to the SAS controller
card, lift the SAS controller card itself.
5 Push the card latch away from the card and lift on the card out of the
system.
6 Disconnect the RAID battery from the SAS controller card.
Installing an SAS Controller Card
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 76.
4 Connect the RAID battery to the SAS controller card.
5 Position the SAS controller card between the card guides above the SAS
controller card connector on the system board.
6 Lower the SAS controller card into the chassis until the card is seated on
the system board.
CAUTION: Ensure the RAID battery cabling does not touch the processor
heat sink.
7 Connect each controller connector.
SAS and SAS RAID Controller Card Cabling Guidelines
Ensure that the cabling for the SAS and SAS RAID controller is routed as
shown in Figure 3-11 for 2.5-inch systems and in Figure 3-12 for 3.5-inch
systems.
80
Installing System Components
Figure 3-11. 2.5-Inch SAS / SAS RAID Cabling
6
5
4
7
8
3
9
2
1
10
Installing System Components
81
82
1
SAS backplane
2
SAS A connector
3
GND/12V connector
4
Controller 0 connector
5
Controller 1 connector
6
SATA_A connector (on system board)
7
SATA_A connector (on Power
Interposer Board)
8
Power Interposer Board (PIB)
9
PIB power connector
10
SAS B connector
Installing System Components
Figure 3-12. 3.5-Inch SAS / SAS RAID Cabling
8
7
6
5
9
4
3
10
2
1
Installing System Components
83
1
SAS A connector
2
GND/+12V connector
3
SAS backplane
4
SAS B connector
5
Controller 0 connector
6
Controller 1 connector
7
System board
8
SATA_A connector (on system board)
9
SATA_A connector (on SAS
backplane)
10
Control panel connector
RAID Battery
Installing a RAID Battery
1 Insert the RAID battery into the battery carrier. See Figure 3-13.
2 Locate the battery carrier slots at the left of the processors.
3 Place the controller cabling harnesses between the battery carrier clips and
the chassis.
4 Insert the battery carrier and RAID battery into the chassis battery carrier
slots ensuring that the battery carrier is aligned and fully seated in the
slots.
5 Connect the battery cable to the SAS controller card.
84
Installing System Components
Figure 3-13. Installing a RAID Battery
3
2
1
1
Mounting hole (2)
3
Battery carrier guide
2
RAID battery latch
Removing a RAID Battery
1 Remove the SAS controller card. See "Removing a SAS Controller Card"
on page 80
2 Pull the RAID battery carrier latch away from the chassis.
3 Lift the RAID battery carrier out of the system.
4 Gently pulling back the two guides holding the RAID battery into the
battery carrier, remove the RAID battery from the battery carrier.
Installing System Components
85
Configuring the Boot Device
NOTE: System boot is not supported from an external device attached to a SAS or
SCSI adapter. See support.dell.com for the latest support information about booting
from external devices.
If you plan to boot the system from a hard drive, the drive must be attached
to the primary (or boot) controller. The device that the system boots from is
determined by the boot order specified in the System Setup program.
The System Setup program provides options that the system uses to scan for
installed boot devices. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41 for
information about the System Setup program.
PCI Express Add-in Cards
NOTICE: The server must be powered down to install or remove a card from a PCI
Express slot.
CAUTION: Expansion slot covers must be installed over all vacant slots to
maintain the electromagnetic emission characteristics of the server and to ensure
proper system cooling.
Installing a PCI Express Card
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
To install a expansion card, perform the following steps:
1 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and then
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Open the plastic expansion-card retainer above the filler bracket of the
empty slot. See Figure 3-14.
86
Installing System Components
Figure 3-14. Installing and Removing PCI Express Cards
1
2
3
1
Expansion card retainer
3
Filler bracket
2
Card latch
4 Remove the filler bracket on the slot that you are using.
NOTE: Keep the filler bracket if you need to remove the expansion card. Filler
brackets must be installed over empty expansion-card slots to maintain
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification of the system. The
brackets also keep dust and dirt out of the system and aid in proper cooling
and airflow inside the system.
5 Insert the expansion card firmly into the expansion-card connector until
the card is fully seated.
Installing System Components
87
NOTE: Ensure that the expansion-card bracket is also inserted into the
securing slot at the bottom of the bracket slot.
6 Close the expansion-card retainer. See Figure 3-14.
7 Connect any internal or external cable(s) to the expansion card.
8 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
Removing a PCI Express Card
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Disconnect any internal or external cable(s) that are connected to the
expansion card.
4 Open the expansion-card retainer adjacent to the slot. See Figure 3-14.
5 Press the card latch away from the expansion card, grasp the card, and
carefully lift it from the system-board connector.
6 If you are permanently removing the card, replace the metal filler bracket
over the empty card-slot opening.
7 Close the expansion-card retainer. See Figure 3-14.
8 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
Optical Drive
The system accommodates one optical drive. The device is not hot-pluggable,
so the system must be powered down and the power cords removed from the
chassis before installing or removing this drive.
Removing the Optical Drive
1 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and then
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
88
Installing System Components
2 Pull the locking handle until the drive releases from the chassis. See
Figure 3-15.
3 Remove the drive from the chassis.
Figure 3-15. Removing the Optical Drive
1
2
1
Optical drive
2
Locking handle
Installing the Optical Drive
1 Insert the drive fully into the chassis until it snaps into place.
2 Push the locking handle into the drive to lock the drive into the chassis.
Installing System Components
89
Replacing an Optical Drive Mounting Tray
Removing an Optical Drive From an Optical Drive Mounting Tray
1 Remove the optical drive from the system. See "Removing the Optical
Drive" on page 88.
2 Disconnect the ribbon cable from the back of the optical drive. See
Figure 3-16.
90
Installing System Components
Figure 3-16. Optical Drive and Optical Drive Mounting Tray
1
9
3
2
10
4
5
8
7
6
1
Optical drive
2
Ribbon cable
3
Hole in optical drive
4
Retaining screw
5
Retaining bracket
6
Alignment pin
7
Retaining bracket tab
8
Mounting tray notch
9
Alignment pin (left side)
10
Mounting tray
3 Unscrew the optical drive retaining screw.
4 Pull the retaining bracket away from the optical drive.
5 Remove the optical drive from the optical drive mounting tray.
Installing System Components
91
Installing an Optical Drive Into an Optical Drive Mounting Tray
1 Slide the optical drive onto the left side alignment pins of the optical drive
mounting tray.
2 Angle the retaining bracket tab into the optical drive mounting tray notch.
3 Press the retaining bracket against the optical drive, ensuring the
alignment pin engages the optical drive hole.
NOTE: The alignment pin on the retaining bracket must engage a hole in the optical
drive.
4 Screw the optical drive retaining screw into the optical drive mounting
tray.
5 Connect the ribbon cable to the back of the optical drive.
System Memory
The system supports x4 or x8, single- or dual-rank fully buffered 667 MT/s (55-5 latency) DDR2 DIMMs in 512 MB, 1 GB, 2 GB, or 4 GB packages.
Four memory risers must be installed at all times. The risers connect to the
main board through x16 PCI Express connectors.
General Memory Module Installation Guidelines
AC power must be removed from the system before servicing the memory
risers.
NOTICE: For proper cooling, each memory riser must be fully populated with
DIMMs or blanks or a combination thereof.
Four memory risers with one DIMM per riser must be installed for the server
to function.
Supported memory riser configurations are as follows:
92
•
All DIMMs must be FBD using DDR2 DRAMs (FBD Generation 1).
•
In all cases, DIMMs must be installed starting with the lowest number slot
in a given channel (i.e., install DIMM1 first).
•
In non-Mirrored Mode, all DIMMs with the same slot number within a
given branch must match (size, technology, etc.). It is not required to
match DIMMs between different slot numbers.
Installing System Components
•
Mirrored mode requires the same DIMM type across and up-and-down
channels.
•
In Single Channel Mode, a DIMM must be populated in the Branch 0,
Channel A, DIMM 1 slot first, then you can populate the Channel A up to
all 8 DIMMs.
•
For the Dual Channel Mode, the memory capacity upgrade path would be
to populate Branch 0 of Channel A and Channel B with the same DIMM
number and type, or Branch 1 of Channel C and Channel D with the same
DIMM number and type.
Non-Optimal Memory Configurations
System performance can be affected if your memory configuration does not
conform to the preceding installation guidelines. Your system may issue an
error message during startup stating that your memory configuration is nonoptimal.
The server will support a population of DIMMs with different speed ratings.
The overall system memory speed will be determined by the slowest DIMM
populated.
The server will support population of mixed memory suppliers, provided all
other rules above are followed.
Memory Sparing Support
The system supports memory sparing if eight identical memory modules are
installed in the system. The memory sparing feature must be enabled in the
System Setup program and can be used only if memory mirroring is not
enabled.
Memory sparing allocates four ranks of DIMM memory to the spare bank.
These four ranks consist of the first rank of memory in DIMM sockets 1
through 4. For single-rank DIMMs, the entire capacity of the four DIMMs is
allocated to sparing whereas for dual-rank DIMMs, only half of the fourDIMM capacity is allocated to sparing. Table 3-1 shows how memory sparing
splits the available and spared memory in each of the single- and dual-ranked
memory module combinations.
Installing System Components
93
Memory Mirroring Support
The system supports memory mirroring if 16 identical memory modules are
installed in the system. Mirroring must be enabled in the System Setup
program and can be used only if memory sparing is not enabled. In a mirrored
configuration, the total available system memory is one-half of the total
installed memory.
Table 3-1. Valid Memory Configurations
Branch 0
Number of Channel 0
DIMMS
(Riser A)
Branch 1
Channel 1
(Riser B)
Channel 2
(Riser C)
Channel 3
(Riser D)
Available Redundant
Memory Modes
1
DIMM A1 (riser only) (riser only) (riser only) None
4
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 None
8
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 None
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C2 DIMM D2
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 None
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C2 DIMM D2
DIMM A3 DIMM B3
DIMM C3 DIMM D3
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 Spare Mode / Mirror
DIMM C2 DIMM D2 Mode
DIMM A3 DIMM B3
DIMM C3 DIMM D3
DIMM A4 DIMM B4
DIMM C4 DIMM D4
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 Spare Mode / Mirror
DIMM C2 DIMM D2 Mode
DIMM A3 DIMM B3
DIMM C3 DIMM D3
DIMM A4 DIMM B4
DIMM C4 DIMM D4
DIMM A5 DIMM B5
DIMM C5 DIMM D5
12
16
20
94
Installing System Components
Table 3-1. Valid Memory Configurations
Branch 0
Number of Channel 0
DIMMS
(Riser A)
24
28
32
Branch 1
Channel 1
(Riser B)
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
Channel 2
(Riser C)
Channel 3
(Riser D)
Available Redundant
Memory Modes
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 Spare Mode / Mirror
DIMM C2 DIMM D2 Mode
DIMM A3 DIMM B3
DIMM C3 DIMM D3
DIMM A4 DIMM B4
DIMM C4 DIMM D4
DIMM A5 DIMM B5
DIMM C5 DIMM D5
DIMM A6 DIMM B6
DIMM C6 DIMM D6
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 Spare Mode / Mirror
DIMM C2 DIMM D2 Mode
DIMM A3 DIMM B3
DIMM C3 DIMM D3
DIMM A4 DIMM B4
DIMM C4 DIMM D4
DIMM A5 DIMM B5
DIMM C5 DIMM D5
DIMM A6 DIMM B6
DIMM C6 DIMM D6
DIMM A7 DIMM B7
DIMM C7 DIMM D7
DIMM A1 DIMM B1
DIMM A2 DIMM B2
DIMM C1 DIMM D1 Spare Mode / Mirror
DIMM C2 DIMM D2 Mode
DIMM A3 DIMM B3
DIMM C3 DIMM D3
DIMM A4 DIMM B4
DIMM C4 DIMM D4
DIMM A5 DIMM B5
DIMM C5 DIMM D5
DIMM A6 DIMM B6
DIMM C6 DIMM D6
DIMM A7 DIMM B7
DIMM C7 DIMM D7
DIMM A8 DIMM B8
DIMM C8 DIMM D8
NOTE: The single DIMM configuration is for troubleshooting.
Installing System Components
95
Removing a Memory Riser
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Push the memory riser latches toward the ends of the memory riser. See
Figure 3-17.
4 Lift the memory riser latches to raise the memory riser away from the
system board.
5 Lift the memory riser out of the system.
96
Installing System Components
Figure 3-17. Removing a Memory Riser
5
1
4
2
3
1
Memory riser cover
2
System board connector
3
Memory riser card
4
Memory riser latch
5
Back fan housing
Installing System Components
97
Installing a Memory Riser
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Ensure the memory riser latches are rotated away from the memory riser.
4 Align the memory riser connector with the connector on the system board.
5 Lower the memory riser until the memory riser latches engage the chassis
(in front) and the back fan housing.
6 Press down on the memory riser latches to lever the memory riser onto the
system board.
Memory Population Rules
98
•
Memory must be populated beginning with Memory Riser_A, slot 1. This
is DIMM slot A1. Memory Riser_A is at the right side of the system.
•
To increase memory capacity, additional memory can be added to Memory
Riser_A beginning with slot A2, and followed by slot A3 and then slot A4.
•
Additional memory can be added by installing identical pairs of DIMMs in
the lowest numbered available slots.
•
Identically numbered FBDIMM sockets for both memory risers in a
branch must be populated with FBDIMMs identical in terms of timing,
technology, and size. For example, DIMM A1 and B1 must be identical,
and DIMM C1 and D1 must be identical.
•
FBDIMMs installed in different socket positions (numbers) on a memory
riser do not need to be identical. For example, DIMMs A1 and B1 can be
different from DIMMs A2 and B2.
•
If memory mirroring is not required, FBDIMMs installed in the same
socket positions (numbers) across the two branches do not need to be
identical. For example, DIMMs A1 and B1 can be different from DIMMs
C1 and D1.
Installing System Components
•
If memory mirroring is required, FBDIMMs installed in the same socket
positions (numbers) across the two branches must be identical. For
example, DIMMs A1 and B1 must be identical to DIMMs C1 and D1.
•
Additional memory can be added by installing identical pairs of DIMMs in
the lowest numbered available slots.
Removing the Memory Riser Cover
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Remove the top cover. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove the memory riser. See "Removing a Memory Riser" on page 96.
4 Press down on the memory board cover hooks, straddling the memory
board slot connector on the underside of the memory board.
5 Pull the cover away from the memory riser.
6 Lift the memory riser DIMM cover from the memory riser.
NOTE: To install a Memory Riser cover, reverse the removal steps.
Installing Memory Modules
CAUTION: Use extreme care when installing a DIMM. Applying too much
pressure can damage the connector. DIMMs are keyed and can be inserted in only
one way.
CAUTION: Hold DIMMs only by the edges. Do not touch the components or gold
edge connectors.
CAUTION: Install DIMMs with gold-plated edge connectors only.
CAUTION: The maximum DIMM height is 4.445 cm (1.75 inches). Do not install
DIMMs that exceed this height.
1 Open the plastic levers on each end of the DIMM socket(s). Remove the
DIMM from its antistatic container. Hold the DIMM only by the edges.
Do not touch the components or gold edge connectors.
2 Install DIMMs in the correct order. See "Memory Population Rules" on
page 98.
3 Position the DIMM above the socket. Align the notch on the bottom edge
of the DIMM with the key in the DIMM socket.
Installing System Components
99
Figure 3-18. Installing Memory Modules
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Memory riser latch
2
Memory riser
3
DIMM socket lever
4
DIMM socket
5
Memory riser tab
6
Memory riser cover
4 Insert the bottom edge of the DIMM into the socket.
5 Push down on the top edge of the DIMM. The levers at each end of the
DIMM socket will close. Make sure the levers close securely.
6 Lower the memory riser DIMM cover over the DIMM slots.
7 Line up the hooks in the memory riser cover with the notches on the
bottom edge of the memory riser.
8 Lift the memory riser cover over the DIMMs and let the cover latch snap
into place.
9 Install the memory riser. See "Installing a Memory Riser" on page 98.
100
Installing System Components
Removing Memory Modules
CAUTION: Use extreme care when removing DIMMs. Too much pressure can
damage the connector. Apply only enough pressure on the plastic levers to release
the DIMM.
1 Remove the Memory Riser Cover. See "Removing the Memory Riser
Cover" on page 99.
2 Open the plastic levers on each end of the DIMM socket(s). The DIMM
will lift from the socket.
3 Hold the DIMM only by the edges. Do not touch the DIMM components
or the gold edge connectors. Store it in an antistatic bag.
4 Line up the hooks in the memory riser cover with the notches on the
bottom edge of the memory riser.
5 Lift the memory riser cover over the DIMMs and let the cover latch snap
into place.
6 Install the memory riser. See "Installing a Memory Riser" on page 98.
Processors
The system requires 1, 2, or four processors—a 3-processor configuration is
not supported.
Processors must be installed from right to left, i.e., processor 1, then processor
2, then processors 3 and 4.
Each processor and its associated internal cache memory are contained in a
pin grid array (PGA) package that is installed in a ZIF socket on the system
board.
Your system comes with processors with the same model, stepping, core
frequency, and cache size.
Removing a Processor Heat Sink
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
Installing System Components
101
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 76.
NOTICE: When you remove the processor heat sink, the possibility exists that
the processor might adhere to the processor heat sink and be removed from
the socket. It is recommended that you remove the processor heat sink while
the processor is still warm.
NOTICE: Never remove the processor heat sink from a processor unless you
intend to remove the processor. The processor heat sink is necessary to
maintain proper thermal conditions.
4 While pressing firmly on the blue tab on the end of the heat-sink retention
clip, compress the sides of the retention clip together until the clip
disengages from the sides notches of the heat sink bracket, and then slide
the retention clip forward to release it from the back notches of the
bracket. See Figure 3-19.
102
Installing System Components
Figure 3-19. Installing and Removing a Processor Heat Sink
1
2
5
3
4
1
Blue tab
2
Heat sink retention clip
3
Back notches
4
Sides notches
5
Retention clip sides
Installing System Components
103
5 If the processor heat sink has not separated from the processor, carefully
rotate the processor heat sink in a clockwise, then counterclockwise,
direction until it releases from the processor. Do not pry the processor heat
sink off of the processor.
NOTICE: If you are going to reinstall the same processor and processor heat
sink, ensure that you do not disturb the thermal grease on either the
processor or the processor heat sink.
6 Lift the processor heat sink off of the processor and set the processor heat
sink upside down so as not to contaminate the thermal grease.
Installing a Processor Heat Sink
NOTE: New processor heat sinks have Thermal Interface Material (TIM) preapplied. If installing a new processor heat sink, ignore step 1 and step 2 below.
1 Using a clean lint-free cloth, remove the existing thermal grease from the
processor heat sink.
2 Apply thermal grease evenly to the top of the processor while taking care
not to use excessive amounts of grease, which could leak out the sides and
cause damage to the processor when the heat sink is secured.
3 Place the processor heat sink onto the processor. See Figure 3-20.
4 Squeeze the sides of the heat-sink retention clip together and press down
on the blue tab. When the lower corners of the clip fit into the slots in the
socket, release the sides of the clip to lock the processor heat sink in place.
See Figure 3-19.
Removing a Processor
1 Remove the processor heat sink. See "Removing a Processor Heat Sink" on
page 101.
2 Pull the socket-release lever straight up until the processor is released from
the socket. See Figure 3-20.
104
Installing System Components
Figure 3-20. Removing and Installing a Processor
4
2
3
1
1
Pin 1 mark
2
Socket release lever
3
Blue plastic tab
4
Processor
NOTE: If you are removing processor 1 or processor 4, pull upward on the
blue plastic tab next to the socket to open the socket-release lever.
3 Lift the processor out of the socket and leave the release lever up so that
the socket is ready for the new processor.
NOTICE: Be careful not to bend any of the pins when removing the processor.
Bending the pins can permanently damage the processor.
Installing a Processor
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
Installing System Components
105
3 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 76.
4 Unpack the new processor.
If any of the pins on the processor appear bent, see "Getting Help" on
page 165.
5 If you are adding an additional processor, remove the processor filler blank
from the socket by pressing inward on the two tabs on the filler blank and
lifting the filler blank out of the system. See Figure 3-21.
Figure 3-21. Removing a Processor Filler Blank
1
2
1
Processor filler blank
2
Tab
6 Align the pin-1 corner of the new processor with the pin-1 corner of the
ZIF socket. See Figure 3-20.
106
Installing System Components
NOTICE: Identifying the pin-1 corners is critical to positioning the processor
correctly. Pin-1 corners of processors 3 and 4 are opposite orientation of pin-1
corners of processors 1 and 2.
Identify the pin-1 corner of the processor by locating the tiny gold triangle
on one corner of the processor. Place this corner in the same corner of the
ZIF socket identified by a corresponding triangle.
7 Install the processor in the socket.
NOTICE: Positioning the processor incorrectly can permanently damage the
processor and the system when you turn it on. When placing the processor in
the socket, be sure that all of the pins on the processor enter the
corresponding holes. Be careful not to bend the pins.
a
If the release lever on the processor socket is not positioned all the way
up, move it to that position.
b
With the pin-1 corners of the processor and socket aligned, set the
processor lightly in the socket, making sure all pins are matched with
the correct holes in the socket.
Because the system uses a ZIF processor socket, do not use force,
which could bend the pins if the processor is misaligned.
When the processor is positioned correctly, it drops down into the
socket with minimal pressure.
c
When the processor is fully seated in the socket, rotate the socket
release lever back down until it snaps into place, securing the
processor.
8 Install the processor heat sink. See "Installing a Processor Heat Sink" on
page 104.
9 Reinstall the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 77.
10 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60
11 Connect the system to the electrical outlet, and then turn on the system
and attached peripherals.
As the system boots, it detects the presence of the new processor and
automatically changes the system configuration information in the System
Setup program.
Installing System Components
107
12 Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program, and check that the
processor information matches the new system configuration. See "System
Setup Options" on page 43.
13 Run the system diagnostics to verify that the new processor operates
correctly.
See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 149 for information about
running the diagnostics and troubleshooting processor problems.
System Battery
The system battery is a 3.0-volt (V), coin-cell battery.
Replacing the System Battery
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
CAUTION: There is a danger of a new battery exploding if it is incorrectly
installed. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended
by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer's
instructions. See your System Information Guide for additional information.
1 Remove power from the system, including any attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove memory risers 3 and 4 from the system.
4 Locate the battery socket. See "System Board Connectors" on page 154.
NOTICE: If you pry the battery out of its socket with a blunt object, be careful
not to touch the system board with the object. Ensure that the object is
inserted between the battery and the socket before you attempt to pry out the
battery. Otherwise, you may damage the system board by prying off the socket
or by breaking circuit traces on the system board.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the battery connector, you must firmly support
the connector while installing or removing a battery.
5 Lift the battery from the system board.
108
Installing System Components
Figure 3-22. Replacing the System Battery
1
2
1
Battery connector
2
System battery
6 Place the new battery with the "+" facing up into the battery connector
and gently press down on the battery until it snaps into place.
7 Install the memory risers on the left side of the system. See "Installing a
Memory Riser" on page 98
8 Install the top cover. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
9 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system and any
attached peripherals on.
10 Enter the System Setup program to confirm that the battery is operating
properly. See "Entering the System Setup Program" on page 41.
11 Enter the correct time and date in the System Setup program's Time and
Date fields.
12 Exit the System Setup program.
13 To test the newly installed battery, remove power from the system and
disconnect it from the electrical outlet for at least an hour.
14 After an hour, reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn it on.
15 Enter the System Setup program and if the time and date are still
incorrect, see "Getting Help" on page 165 for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
Installing System Components
109
Activating the NIC TOE
To add TCP/IP Offload Engine (TOE) functionality to the system, install the
TOE NIC hardware key in the TOE_KEY socket on the system board. See
"System Board Jumpers and Connectors" on page 153.
I/O Riser
Removing the I/O Riser
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Rotate the retention latch at the back of the card slot into the up position.
3 Push the card latch away from the card and lift on the card out of the
system.
110
Installing System Components
Figure 3-23. Removing I/O Riser
1
2
3
1
Retention latch
3
I/O Riser
2
Card latch
Installing the I/O Riser
1 Align the I/O riser card with its corresponding card connector on the
system board, the card latch (at the front), and the expansion slot (at the
back).
2 Slide the card down until it seats in its connector.
3 Rotate the retention latch at the back of the card slot into the down
position.
Installing System Components
111
Installing a DRAC
The Dell Remote Assistant Card (DRAC) attaches to the I/O riser.
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. See your Product
Information Guide for complete information about safety precautions, working
inside the computer, and protecting against electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Remove the I/O riser. See "Removing the I/O Riser" on page 110.
3 Align the DRAC network connector with the DRAC mounting hole and
align the notch in the DRAC with the metal tab of the I/O riser. See
Figure 3-24.
112
Installing System Components
Figure 3-24. Installing a DRAC
3
2
4
5
1
6
7
1
I/O Riser
2
Ribbon cable
3
I/O Riser metal tab
4
DRAC mounting hole
5
DRAC mounting post
6
DRAC notch
7
DRAC
Installing System Components
113
4 Slide the DRAC onto the metal tab of the I/O riser.
5 Align the DRAC with the three DRAC mounting posts on the I/O riser.
CAUTION: To prevent damage to components on the I/O riser, support the I/O
riser at each of the plastic clips.
6 Press the DRAC onto the I/O riser until three DRAC mounting posts snap
into place.
7 Attach the two ribbon cables from the I/O riser to the DRAC.
NOTE: The ribbon cables can only be installed one way and they are labeled
for correct placement on the DRAC and the system board.
8 Install the I/O riser. See "Installing the I/O Riser" on page 111.
SAS Backplane (Service-only Procedure)
Removing the SAS Backplane (3.5" Hard Drives)
1 Remove the system board. See "Removing the System Board" on page 122.
2 Remove the optical drive. See "Removing the Optical Drive" on page 88.
3 Remove the hard drives. See "Hard Drives" on page 62.
4 Disconnect the control panel connector from the back of the SAS
backplane. See Figure 3-25.
114
Installing System Components
Figure 3-25. Removing the SAS Backplane (3.5-inch Hard Drives)
6
5
3
7
4
2
1
8
1
Fan connector
2
SAS backplane
3
Control panel connector (front)
4
SATA A connector
5
Control panel connector (back)
6
SAS A connector
7
GND/+12V connector
8
SAS B connector
5 Disconnect the control panel connector from the front of the SAS
backplane. See Figure 3-25.
Installing System Components
115
6 Disconnect the GND/+12V connector from the SAS backplane. See
Figure 3-25.
7 Disconnect the SAS A connector from the SAS backplane. See
Figure 3-25.
8 Disconnect the SATA_A connector from the SAS backplane. See
Figure 3-25.
9 Pull the blue plunger on the SAS backplane forward and then lift the SAS
backplane up to disengage it from the fan connectors.
10 Pull the SAS backplane away from the forward bulkhead of the chassis.
Installing the SAS Backplane (3.5-inch Hard Drives)
NOTE: Installation of the SAS backplane requires that the system board must not
be installed in the system.
1 Position the SAS backplane against the chassis tabs behind the front fans
with the fan connections of the SAS backplane directly above their mating
connectors.
2 Press the SAS backplane down to engage the fan connectors. The blue
plunger will snap into place.
3 Connect the SATA_A connector on the SAS backplane. See Figure 3-25.
4 Connect the SAS A connector on the SAS backplane. See Figure 3-25.
5 Connect the "GND/+12V" connector on the SAS backplane. See
Figure 3-25.
6 Connect the "Backplane" connector on front of the SAS backplane. See
Figure 3-25.
7 Connect the "Backplane" connector on back of the SAS backplane. See
Figure 3-25.
8 Install the hard drives. See "Hard Drives" on page 62.
9 Install the optical drive. See "Installing the Optical Drive" on page 89.
Removing the SAS Backplane (2.5-inch Hard Drives)
1 Remove power from the system, including any attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
116
Installing System Components
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 76.
4 Remove the processor heat sinks. See "Removing a Processor Heat Sink" on
page 101.
5 Remove the hard drives. See "Hard Drives" on page 62.
6 Disconnect the SAS A cable from the SAS backplane. See Figure 3-26.
Installing System Components
117
Figure 3-26. Removing the SAS Backplane (2.5-inch Hard Drives)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
SAS backplane
2
Latch
3
SAS A connector
4
SAS B connector
5
Cable guide
6
Backplane power connector
7
Chassis hook
7 Disconnect the SAS B cable from the SAS backplane. See Figure 3-26.
8 Remove the cable guide. See Figure 3-26.
118
Installing System Components
9 Disconnect the backplane power cable. See Figure 3-26.
10 Depress the latch and lift the SAS backplane off the chassis hooks. See
Figure 3-26.
11 Remove the SAS backplane from the chassis.
Installing the SAS Backplane (2.5" Hard Drives)
1 Position the SAS backplane above the chassis hooks. See Figure 3-26.
2 Press down on the SAS backplane until the latch clicks.
3 Connect the backplane power cable. See Figure 3-26.
4 Install the cable guide. See Figure 3-26.
5 Connect the SAS B cable to the SAS backplane. See Figure 3-26.
6 Connect the SAS A cable from the SAS backplane. See Figure 3-26.
7 Install the hard drives. See "Hard Drives" on page 62.
8 Install the processor heat sinks. See "Installing a Processor Heat Sink" on
page 104.
9 Install the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on page 77.
10 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
Power Interposer Board (Service-only Procedure)
The Power Interposer. Board (PIB) provides power and signals to the 2.5-inch
hot-plug hard drive bay.
NOTE: 3.5-inch systems do not have a Power Interposer Board.
Removing the Power Interposer Board
1 Remove the optical drive. See "Removing the Optical Drive" on page 88.
2 Remove the SAS backplane. See "Removing the SAS Backplane (2.5-inch
Hard Drives)" on page 116.
3 Remove the system board. See "Removing the System Board" on page 122.
4 Disconnect the control panel connector at the top left of the PIB.
5 Disconnect the GND/+12V connector at the top of the PIB.
Installing System Components
119
Figure 3-27. Removing the Power Interposer Board
1
7
2
3
4
6
5
1
Power Interposer Board (PIB)
2
PIB power
3
SATA_MODULE connector
4
CDROM connector
5
Chassis hook
6
Latch
7
Fan connector
6 Disconnect the SATA PLANAR connector from the back of the PIB. See
Figure 6-7.
7 Disconnect the PLANAR connector from the PIB. See Figure 6-7.
120
Installing System Components
8 Depress the latch and lift the PIB off the chassis hooks. See Figure 3-27.
9 Remove the PIB from the chassis.
Installing the Power Interposer Board
1 Position the Power Interposer board above the chassis hooks. See
Figure 3-27.
2 Press down on the Power Interposer board until the latch snaps.
3 Connect the SATA PLANAR connector to the Power Interposer board.
4 Connect the PLANAR connector to the Power Interposer board.
5 Connect the control panel connector.
6 Install the system board. See "Installing the System Board" on page 124.
7 Install the SAS backplane. See "Installing the SAS Backplane (2.5" Hard
Drives)" on page 119.
8 Install the optical drive. See "Installing the Optical Drive" on page 89.
Installing System Components
121
System Board (Service-only Procedure)
Removing the System Board
Figure 3-28. Removing the System Board
11
9 10
8
6 7
1
2 3
4
5
12
13
14
122
Installing System Components
1
Intrusion switch
2
SAS backplane
3
Center brace
4
Center brace channel
5
Center brace lock
6
Heat sink retention bracket
7
ZIF lever
8
System board
9
SATA_A connector
10
SATA_B connector
11
Blue plunger
12
CONTROL PANEL connector
13
SIGNAL connector
14
PWR DIST CONN connectors (2)
CAUTION: Exercise care when removing the system board to prevent damage to
cables, connectors, and components.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Disconnect any USB, VGA, and serial connections on the back of the
chassis.
3 Remove the top cover. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
4 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 76.
5 Remove the processor heat sinks. See "Removing a Processor Heat Sink" on
page 101.
6 Remove the SAS controller card. See "Removing a SAS Controller Card"
on page 80.
7 Remove the RAID battery. See "Removing a RAID Battery" on page 85.
8 Disconnect the Intrusion switch from the system board at J1H1.
9 Remove the memory risers. See "Removing a Memory Riser" on page 96.
10 Remove all PCI Express cards. See "PCI Express Add-in Cards" on page 86.
11 Remove the I/O Riser. See "Removing the I/O Riser" on page 110.
12 Remove the back fans and fan housings. See "System Fans" on page 70.
13 Disconnect SATA_A from the system board at J3E2.
14 Remove the SATA_A cable from the center brace channel.
15 Slide the center brace locks toward the back of the chassis to unlock the
center brace, then lift the center brace out of the chassis.
Installing System Components
123
16 Lift the ZIF levers on processors 1 and 4 to facilitate removing the heat
sink retention bracket.
17 Remove the heat sink retention bracket by removing the eight screws that
hold it to the system board.
18 Disconnect the PWR DIST CONN connectors from the system board at
J9K1 and J9K2.
19 Disconnect the SIGNAL connector from the system board at J9K3.
20 Disconnect the CONTROL PANEL connector from the system board at
J9J1.
21 Reposition the PWR DIST CONN, SIGNAL, and CONTROL PANEL
wiring to facilitate removal of the system board.
22 Disconnect SAS_B connector on the SAS backplane.
23 Lift the system board blue plunger, slide the system board forward to
disengage it from the chassis, and then lift the system board out of the
chassis.
Installing the System Board
CAUTION: Exercise care when removing the system board to prevent damage to
cables, connectors, and components.
1 Ensure power is removed.
2 Position the system board above the chassis with USB, VGA, and serial
connectors at the back of the chassis and with the front edge of the system
board as far forward within the chassis as possible.
3 Tilt the forward edge of the system board down slightly, lower the system
board fully into the chassis, and then slide the system board back until
the system board blue plunger snaps into place.
4 Connect the SIGNAL connector to the system board at J9K3.
5 Connect the PWR DIST CONN connectors to the system board at J9K1
and J9K2.
6 Connect the CONTROL PANEL connector to the system board at J9J1.
7 Connect the SAS_B connector to the SAS backplane.
8 Lift the ZIF levers on processors 1 and 4.
124
Installing System Components
9 Install the heat sink retention bracket, ensuring the blue lifts are under the
ZIF levers. Secure the heat sink retention bracket with eight screws.
10 Lower the ZIF levers on processors 1 and 4.
11 Lower the center brace into the chassis until the brace locks snap into
place.
12 Route the SATA_A cable through the channel in the center brace.
13 Connect the SATA_A connector to the system board at J3E2.
14 Install the back fans and housings. See "System Fans" on page 70.
15 Install the I/O riser. See "Installing the I/O Riser" on page 111.
16 Install PCI Express cards as necessary. See "PCI Express Add-in Cards" on
page 86.
17 Install the memory risers. See "Installing a Memory Riser" on page 98.
18 Connect the INTRUSION switch to the system board at J1H1 and route
the wire next to the chassis.
19 Install the RAID battery. See "Installing a RAID Battery" on page 84.
20 Install the SAS controller. See "Installing an SAS Controller Card" on
page 80.
21 Install the processor heat sinks. See "Installing a Processor Heat Sink" on
page 104.
22 Install the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on page 77.
23 Install the top cover. "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
24 Connect USB, VGA, and SERIAL connections on the back of the chassis
as necessary.
25 Turn the system on and run the system diagnostics to verify that the
system operates correctly.
See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 149 for information about
running the diagnostics and troubleshooting processor problems.
Installing System Components
125
126
Installing System Components
Troubleshooting Your System
4
Safety First—For You and Your System
To perform certain procedures in this document, you must remove the system
cover and work inside the system. While working inside the system, do not
attempt to service the system except as explained in this guide and elsewhere
in your system documentation.
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
Start-Up Routine
Look and listen during the system's start-up routine for the indications
described in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1. Start-Up Routine Indications
Look/listen for:
Action
A status or error message displayed on the See "LCD Status Messages" on page 22.
front panel LCD.
An error message displayed on the
monitor.
See "System Messages" on page 34.
Alert messages from the systems
management software.
See the systems management software
documentation.
The monitor's power indicator.
See "Troubleshooting the Video
Subsystem" on page 129.
Troubleshooting Your System
127
Table 4-1. Start-Up Routine Indications
Look/listen for:
Action
An unfamiliar constant scraping or
grinding sound when you access a drive.
See "Getting Help" on page 165.
The keyboard indicators.
See "Troubleshooting the Keyboard" on
page 130.
The USB diskette drive activity indicator. See "Troubleshooting a USB Device" on
page 132.
The USB CD drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting a USB Device" on
page 132.
The CD drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting an Optical Drive"
on page 141.
The hard drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting a Hard Drive" on
page 142.
Checking the Equipment
This section provides troubleshooting procedures for external devices
attached to the system, such as the monitor, keyboard, or mouse. Before you
perform any of the procedures, see "Troubleshooting External Connections"
on page 129.
Troubleshooting IRQ Assignment Conflicts
Most PCI devices can share an IRQ with another device, but they cannot use
an IRQ simultaneously. To avoid this type of conflict, see the documentation
for each PCI device for specific IRQ requirements. Table 4-2 lists the IRQ
assignments.
Table 4-2. IRQ Assignment Defaults
IRQ Line Assignment
IRQ0
System timer
IRQ1
Keyboard controller
IRQ2
Interrupt controller 1 to enable IRQ8 through IRQ15
IRQ3
Serial port 2 (COM2 and COM4)
IRQ4
Serial port 1 (COM1 and COM3)
128
Troubleshooting Your System
Table 4-2. IRQ Assignment Defaults
IRQ Line Assignment
IRQ5
Remote access controller
IRQ6
Diskette drive controller
IRQ7
Reserved
IRQ8
Real-time clock
IRQ9
ACPI functions (used for power management)
IRQ10
Available
IRQ11
Available
IRQ12
PS/2 mouse port unless the mouse is disabled through the System Setup
program
IRQ13
Math coprocessor
IRQ14
IDE CD drive controller
IRQ15
Available
Troubleshooting External Connections
Loose or improperly connected cables are the most likely source of problems
for the system, monitor, and other peripherals (such as a printer, keyboard,
mouse, or other external device). Ensure that all external cables are securely
attached to the external connectors on your system. See "Front Panel Features
and Indicators" on page 13 and "Back Panel Features and Indicators" on
page 19 for the front and back panel connectors on your system.
Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
Problem
•
Monitor is not working properly.
•
Video memory is faulty.
Action
1 Check the system and power connections to the monitor.
2 Determine whether the system has an expansion card with a video output
connector.
Troubleshooting Your System
129
In this system configuration, the monitor cable should normally be
connected to the connector on the expansion card, not to the system’s
integrated video connector.
3 Determine whether the system has monitors attached to both the front
and back video connectors.
The system supports only one monitor attached to either the front or back
video connector. When a monitor is connected to the front panel, the back
panel video connector is disabled.
If two monitors are attached to the system, disconnect one monitor. If the
problem is not resolved, continue to the next step.
4 Change the monitor connection from the front to the back (or back to the
front). If the problem is not resolved, continue to the next step.
5 If the Dell Remote Assistant Card (DRAC) is installed and configured,
connect into the DRAC from another computer and run the appropriate
online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge Diagnostics" on page 149.
If the tests run successfully, the problem is not related to video hardware.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting the Keyboard
Problem
•
System message indicates a problem with the keyboard.
•
Keyboard is not functioning properly.
Action
1 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the USB ports are
enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 42.
2 Examine the keyboard and its cable for signs of damage.
3 Swap the faulty keyboard with a known working keyboard.
If the problem is resolved, replace the faulty keyboard. See "Getting Help"
on page 165.
4 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
130
Troubleshooting Your System
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting the Mouse
Problem
•
System message indicates a problem with the mouse.
•
Mouse is not functioning properly.
Action
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
If the test fails, continue to the next step.
2 Examine the mouse and its cable for signs of damage.
If the mouse is not damaged, go to step 4.
If the mouse is damaged, continue to the next step.
3 Swap the faulty mouse with a known working mouse.
If the problem is resolved, replace the faulty mouse. See "Getting Help" on
page 165.
4 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the USB port is enabled.
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting Basic I/O Functions
Problem
•
Error message indicates a problem with a serial port.
•
Device connected to a serial port is not operating properly.
Action
1 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the serial port is enabled,
and the serial port/COM ports are configured appropriately for any
applications you are using. See "Using the System Setup Program" on
page 41.
Troubleshooting Your System
131
2 If the problem is confined to a particular application, see the application
documentation for specific port configuration requirements that the
program may require.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
If the tests run successfully but the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting
a Serial I/O Device" on page 132.
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
Problem
•
Device connected to the serial port is not operating properly.
Action
1 Remove power from the system and any peripheral devices connected to
the serial port.
2 Swap the serial interface cable with a known working cable, and turn on
the system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the interface cable.
3 Remove power from the system and the serial device, and swap the device
with a comparable device.
4 Turn on the system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the serial device.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting a USB Device
Problem
•
System message indicates a problem with a USB device.
•
Device connected to a USB port is not operating properly.
Action
1 Enter the System Setup program, and ensure that the USB ports are
enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
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Troubleshooting Your System
2 Remove power from the system and any USB devices.
3 Disconnect the USB devices, and connect the malfunctioning device to
the other USB connector.
4 Turn on the system and the reconnected device.
If the problem is resolved, the USB connector might be defective. See
"Getting Help" on page 165.
5 If possible, swap the interface cable with a known working cable.
If the problem is resolved, replace the interface cable.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
6 Remove power from the system and the USB device, and swap the device
with a comparable device.
7 Turn on the system and the USB device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the USB device.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting a NIC
Problem
•
NIC cannot communicate with network.
Action
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Running the System
Diagnostics" on page 149.
2 Check the appropriate indicator on the NIC connector. See "NIC
Indications" on page 22.
•
If the link indicator does not light, check all cable connections.
•
If the activity indicator does not light, the network driver files might
be damaged or missing.
Remove and reinstall the drivers if applicable. See the NIC's
documentation.
•
Change the autonegotiation setting, if possible.
Troubleshooting Your System
133
•
Use another connector on the switch or hub.
If you are using a NIC card instead of an integrated NIC, see the
documentation for the NIC card.
3 Ensure that the appropriate drivers are installed and the protocols are
bound. See the NIC's documentation.
4 Enter the System Setup program and confirm that the NICs are enabled.
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
5 Ensure that the NICs, hubs, and switches on the network are all set to the
same data transmission speed. See the network equipment
documentation.
6 Ensure that all network cables are of the proper type and do not exceed the
maximum length. See Network Cable Requirements in your Getting
Started Guide.
Troubleshooting a Wet System
Problem
•
Liquid spilled on the system.
•
Excessive humidity.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove all expansion cards installed in the system. See "PCI Express Addin Cards" on page 86.
4 Let the system dry thoroughly for at least 24 hours.
5 Reinstall all expansion cards installed in the system. See "PCI Express
Add-in Cards" on page 86.
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Troubleshooting Your System
6 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
7 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
If the system does not start properly, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
8 If the system starts properly, shut down the system and reinstall all of the
expansion cards that you removed. See "PCI Express Add-in Cards" on
page 86.
9 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting a Damaged System
Problem
•
System was dropped or damaged.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
2 Ensure that the following components are properly installed:
•
Expansion cards and risers
•
Power supplies
•
Fans
•
Processors and processor heat sinks
•
Memory modules
•
Drive-carrier connections to the SAS backplane, if applicable
3 Ensure that all cables are properly connected.
4 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
Troubleshooting Your System
135
5 Run the system board tests in the system diagnostics. See "Executing
System Diagnostics" on page 150.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting the System Battery
Problem
•
System message indicates a problem with the battery.
•
System Setup program loses system configuration information.
•
System date and time do not remain current.
NOTE: If the system is turned off for long periods of time (for weeks or months), the
NVRAM may lose its system configuration information. This situation is caused by a
defective battery.
Action
1 Re-enter the time and date through the System Setup program. See "Using
the System Setup Program" on page 41.
2 Remove power from the system and disconnect it from the electrical outlet
for at least one hour.
3 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet and turn on the system.
4 Enter the System Setup program.
If the date and time are not correct in the System Setup program, replace
the battery with a CR2032 battery only. See "System Battery" on page 108.
If the problem is not resolved by replacing the battery, see "Getting Help"
on page 165.
NOTE: Some software may cause the system time to speed up or slow down. If the
system seems to operate normally except for the time kept in the System Setup
program, the problem may be caused by software rather than by a defective
battery.
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Troubleshooting Your System
Troubleshooting Power Supplies
Problem
•
System-status indicators are amber.
•
Power-supply fault indicators are amber.
•
Front panel status LCD indicates a problem with the power supplies.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
2 Locate the faulty power supply.
The power supply's fault indicator is lit. See "Power Indicator Codes" on
page 20.
NOTICE: You can hot-plug the power supplies. One power supply must be
installed for the system to operate. The system is in the redundant mode when
two power supplies are installed. Remove and install only one power supply at
a time in a system that is powered on. Operating the system for extended
periods of time with only one power supply installed, without a power supply
blank installed, can cause the system to overheat.
Remove the faulty power supply. See "Removing a Power Supply" on
page 68.
3 Ensure that the power supply is properly installed by removing and
reinstalling it. See "Removing a Power Supply" on page 68 and "Installing a
Power Supply" on page 69.
NOTE: After installing a power supply, allow several seconds for the system
to recognize the power supply and to determine if it is working properly. The
power indicator turns green to signify that the power supply is functioning
properly. See "Power Indicator Codes" on page 20.
4 Check the indicators to see if the problem is resolved. If not, remove the
faulty power supply. See "Removing a Power Supply" on page 68.
Troubleshooting Your System
137
5 Install a new power supply. See "Installing a Power Supply" on page 69.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting System Cooling
Problem
Systems management software issues a fan-related error message.
Action
Ensure that none of the following conditions exist:
•
Ambient temperature is too high.
•
External airflow is obstructed.
•
Cables inside the system obstruct airflow.
•
An individual cooling fan has failed. See "Troubleshooting a Fan" on
page 138.
Troubleshooting a Fan
Problem
•
System-status indicator is amber.
•
Systems management software issues a fan-related error message.
•
Front panel LCD indicates a problem with the fan.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Run the appropriate diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge Diagnostics"
on page 149.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
CAUTION: The cooling fans are hot-pluggable. To maintain proper cooling
while the system is on, only replace one fan at a time.
138
Troubleshooting Your System
3 Locate the faulty fan indicated by the LCD display or diagnostic software.
For the identification number of each fan, see Figure 3-1.
4 Ensure that the faulty fan's power cable is firmly attached to the fan power
connector. See "System Fans" on page 70.
NOTE: Wait 30 seconds for the system to recognize the fan and determine
whether it is working properly.
5 If the problem is not resolved, install a new fan. See "System Fans" on
page 70.
If the replacement fan is working properly, close the system. See "Installing
the Top Cover" on page 60.
If the replacement fan does not operate, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting System Memory
Problem
•
Faulty memory module.
•
Faulty system board.
•
Front panel status LCD indicates a problem with system memory.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
2 Turn on the system and attached peripherals.
If an error message does not appear, continue to the next step.
If an error messages appears, go to step 14.
3 Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting.
See "Entering the System Setup Program" on page 41.
Troubleshooting Your System
139
If the amount of memory installed matches the system memory setting, go
to step step 14.
4 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
5 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
6 Remove the memory risers. See "Removing a Memory Riser" on page 96.
7 Remove the memory riser covers. See "Removing the Memory Riser Cover"
on page 99.
8 Reseat the memory modules in their sockets. See "Installing Memory
Modules" on page 99
9 Install the memory riser cover.s. See "Removing the Memory Riser Cover"
on page 99.
10 Install the memory risers. See "Installing a Memory Riser" on page 98.
11 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
12 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
13 Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting.
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
If the amount of memory installed does not match the system memory
setting, then perform the following steps:
a
Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
NOTE: Several configurations for memory modules exist; see "General
Memory Module Installation Guidelines" on page 92.
140
c
Swap the memory module in socket 1 with another of the same
capacity. See "Installing Memory Modules" on page 99.
d
Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
e
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system
and attached peripherals.
f
As the system boots, observe the monitor screen and the indicators on
the keyboard.
Troubleshooting Your System
14 If a memory error occurs:
a
Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
c
Perform step c through step f in step 13 for each memory module
installed.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting an Optical Drive
Problem
•
System cannot read data from a CD or DVD in an optical drive.
•
Optical drive indicator does not blink during boot.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Try using a different CD or DVD that you know works properly.
2 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the drive’s Optical Drive
Controller is enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 41.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
4 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
5 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
6 Ensure that the interface cable is securely connected to the optical drive
and to the backplane.
7 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
8 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Troubleshooting Your System
141
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting a Hard Drive
Problem
•
Device driver error.
•
One or more hard drives not recognized by the system.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
NOTICE: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard
drive. If possible, back up all files on the hard drive before you proceed.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
Depending on the results of the diagnostics test, proceed as needed
through the following steps.
2 If you are experiencing problems with multiple hard drives, skip to step 7.
For a problem with a single hard drive, continue to the next step.
3 Remove power from your system, reseat the hard drive, and restart the
system.
4 If your system has a SAS RAID controller card, perform the following
steps:
a
Restart the system and press <Ctrl><r> to enter the host adapter
configuration utility program.
See the documentation supplied with the host adapter for information
about the configuration utility.
142
b
Ensure that the hard drive has been configured correctly for the RAID.
c
Exit the configuration utility and allow the system to boot to the
operating system.
Troubleshooting Your System
5 Ensure that the required device drivers for your controller card are installed
and are configured correctly. See the operating system documentation for
more information.
NOTICE: Do not perform the following step if you have a SAS RAID controller
card.
6 If you have the non-RAID SAS controller card, remove the hard drive and
swap its drive bay location with another hard drive that is functioning
properly.
If the problem is resolved, reinstall the hard drive in the original bay. See
"Installing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive" on page 65.
If the hard drive functions properly in the original bay, the drive carrier
could have intermittent problems. Replace the hard drive carrier. See
"Getting Help" on page 165.
If the hard drive functioned properly in another bay but does not function
in the original bay, the SAS backplane has a defective connector. See
"Getting Help" on page 165.
7 Check the cable connections inside the system:
a
Remove power from the system, including any attached peripherals,
and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
c
Verify that the cable connections between SAS backplane(s) and the
SAS card are correct. See "Installing an SAS Controller Card" on
page 80.
d
Verify that the SAS cables are securely seated in their connectors.
e
Verify that the power connectors on the SAS backplane(s) are securely
seated in their connectors.
f
Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
g
Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system
and attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting Your System
143
Troubleshooting a SAS or SAS RAID Controller
Card
NOTE: When troubleshooting a SAS or SAS RAID controller card, also see the
documentation for your operating system and the controller card.
Problem
•
Error message indicates a problem with the SAS or SAS RAID controller
card.
•
SAS or SAS RAID controller card performs incorrectly or not at all.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
2 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the SAS or SAS RAID
controller card is enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on
page 41.
3 Restart the system and press the applicable key sequence to enter the
configuration utility program:
•
<Ctrl><c> for a SAS controller
•
<Ctrl><r> for a SAS RAID controller
See the controller's documentation for information about configuration
settings.
4 Check the configuration settings, make any necessary corrections, and
restart the system.
If the problem is not resolved, continue to the next step.
5 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from its electrical outlet.
6 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
144
Troubleshooting Your System
7 Ensure that the controller card is firmly seated in its connector. See "SAS
Controller Card" on page 78.
8 If you have a SAS RAID controller card, ensure that the following RAID
components are properly installed and connected:
•
Memory module
•
Battery
9 Verify that the cable connections between the SAS backplane(s) and the
SAS controller card are correct. See "Installing an SAS Controller Card" on
page 80.
10 Ensure that the cables are firmly connected to the SAS controller card and
the SAS backplane.
11 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
12 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals. If the problem persists, proceed as follows:
•
If you have a SAS controller card, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
•
If you have a SAS RAID controller card, replace the SAS RAID card
battery. See "Installing a RAID Battery" on page 84. If replacing the
battery does not solve the problem, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards
NOTE: When troubleshooting an expansion card, see the documentation for your
operating system and the expansion card.
Problem
•
Error message indicates a problem with an expansion card.
•
Expansion card performs incorrectly or not at all.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
Troubleshooting Your System
145
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using the System Setup
Program" on page 41.
2 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
4 Ensure that each expansion card is firmly seated in its connector. See "PCI
Express Add-in Cards" on page 86.
5 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
6 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, go to the next step.
7 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
8 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
9 Remove all expansion cards installed in the system. See "PCI Express Addin Cards" on page 86.
10 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
11 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
12 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
13 For each expansion card you removed in step 9, perform the following
steps:
a
Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
c
Reinstall one of the expansion cards.
d
Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
e
Run the appropriate diagnostic test.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 165.
146
Troubleshooting Your System
Troubleshooting Processors
Problem
•
Error message indicates a processor problem.
•
Front panel status LCD indicates a problem with the processors or system
board.
•
A processor heat sink is not installed for each processor.
Action
CAUTION: Only trained service technicians are authorized to remove the system
cover and access any of the components inside the system. Before performing any
procedure, see your Product Information Guide for complete information about
safety precautions, working inside the computer and protecting against
electrostatic discharge.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 149.
2 Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and then
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
4 Ensure that each processor and processor heat sink is properly installed.
See "Processors" on page 101.
5 Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
6 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
7 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
8 If the tests fail or the problem persists, continue to the next step.
9 If only one processor is installed, see "Getting Help" on page 165,
otherwise continue to the next step.
10 Perform the following steps for each processor until a faulty processor is
identified:
a
Remove power from the system and attached peripherals, and then
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
Troubleshooting Your System
147
c
Remove all the processors. See "Processors" on page 101.
d
Install a processor into the socket for processor 1. See "Processors" on
page 101.
NOTE: To locate the processors, see Figure 3-1.
e
Close the system. See "Installing the Top Cover" on page 60.
f
Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system
and attached peripherals.
g
Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
h
If the test completes successfully, then repeat steps a through g.
i
If the test fails, the processor in the system is faulty. See "Getting
Help" on page 165.
11 Reinstall the processors. See "Processors" on page 101.
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Troubleshooting Your System
Running the System Diagnostics
5
If you experience a problem with your system, run the diagnostics before
calling for technical assistance. The purpose of the diagnostics is to test your
system's hardware without requiring additional equipment or risking data
loss. If you are unable to fix the problem yourself, service and support
personnel can use diagnostics test results to help you solve the problem.
Using PowerEdge Diagnostics
To assess a system problem, first use the online PowerEdge diagnostics. If you
are unable to identify the problem, then use the system diagnostics.
To access the online diagnostics, log into the Server Administrator home
page, and then click the Diagnostics tab. For information about using
diagnostics, see the online help. For additional information, see the Server
Administrator User's Guide.
System Diagnostics Features
The system diagnostics provides a series of menus and options for particular
device groups or devices. The system diagnostics menus and options allow
you to:
•
Run tests individually or collectively.
•
Control the sequence of tests.
•
Repeat tests.
•
Display, print, or save test results.
•
Temporarily suspend testing if an error is detected or terminate testing
when a user-defined error limit is reached.
•
View help messages that briefly describe each test and its parameters.
•
View status messages that inform you if tests are completed successfully.
Running the System Diagnostics
149
•
View error messages that inform you of problems encountered during
testing.
When to Use the System Diagnostics
If a major component or device in the system does not operate properly,
component failure may be indicated. As long as the microprocessor and the
system's input/output devices (monitor and keyboard) are functioning, you
can use the system diagnostics to help identify the problem.
Executing System Diagnostics
The system diagnostics is run from the utility partition on your hard drive.
NOTICE: Use the system diagnostics to test only your system. Using this program
with other systems may cause invalid results or error messages. In addition, use
only the program that came with your system (or an updated version of that
program).
1 As the system boots, press <F10> during POST.
2 From the utility partition main menu, select Run System Diagnostics, or
select Run Memory Diagnostics if you are troubleshooting memory.
When you start the system diagnostics, a message is displayed stating that the
diagnostics are initializing. Next, the Diagnostics menu appears. The menu
allows you to run all or specific diagnostics tests or to exit the system
diagnostics.
NOTE: Before you read the rest of this section, start the system diagnostics so that
you can see the utility on your screen.
System Diagnostics Testing Options
Click the testing option in the Main Menu window. Table 5-1 provides a brief
explanation of testing options.
Table 5-1. System Diagnostics Testing Options
Testing Option
Function
Express Test
Performs a quick check of the system. This option runs device
tests that do not require user interaction. Use this option to
quickly identify the source of your problem.
150
Running the System Diagnostics
Table 5-1. System Diagnostics Testing Options
Testing Option
Function
Extended Test
Performs a more thorough check of the system. This test can take
an hour or longer.
Custom Test
Tests a particular device.
Information
Displays test results.
Using the Custom Test Options
When you select Custom Test in the Main Menu window, the Customize
window appears and allows you to select the device(s) to be tested, select
specific options for testing, and view the test results.
Selecting Devices for Testing
The left side of the Customize window lists devices that can be tested.
Devices are grouped by device type or by module, depending on the option
you select. Click the (+) next to a device or module to view its components.
Click (+) on any component to view the tests that are available. Clicking a
device, rather than its components, selects all of the components of the
device for testing.
Selecting Diagnostics Options
Use the Diagnostics Options area to select how you want to test a device. You
can set the following options:
•
Non-Interactive Tests Only — When checked, runs only tests that require
no user intervention.
•
Quick Tests Only — When checked, runs only the quick tests on the
device. Extended tests will not run when you select this option.
•
Show Ending Timestamp — When checked, time stamps the test log.
•
Test Iterations — Selects the number of times the test is run.
•
Log output file path name — When checked, enables you to specify
where the test log file is saved.
Running the System Diagnostics
151
Viewing Information and Results
The tabs in the Customize window provide information about the test and
the test results. The following tabs are available:
152
•
Results — Displays the test that ran and the result.
•
Errors — Displays any errors that occurred during the test.
•
Help — Displays information about the currently selected device,
component, or test.
•
Configuration — Displays basic configuration information about the
currently selected device.
•
Parameters — If applicable, displays parameters that you can set for the
test.
Running the System Diagnostics
Jumpers and Connectors
6
This section provides specific information about the system jumpers and
describes the connectors on the various boards in the system.
System Board Jumpers and Connectors
Figure 6-1 shows the location of the configuration jumpers and connectors on
the system board. Table 6-1 lists the jumper settings. Table 6-2 shows the
location and describes the system board connectors.
Jumpers and Connectors
153
Figure 6-1. System Board Jumpers and Connectors
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
13
14
33
32
31
15
16
30
J7E2
29
28
27
26
17
25
24
23
22
21
20 19 18
Table 6-1. System Board Jumpers
Jumper
Location
Setting
Description
Clear NVRAM
J7E2
1-3
Clear NVRAM
3 - 5(default)
Normal mode
2-4
Enable password
4 - 6 (default)
Disable password
Password enable
J7E2
System Board Connectors
See Figure 6-1 and Table 6-2 for the location and description of system board
connectors.
154
Jumpers and Connectors
Table 6-2. System Board Connectors
Connector
Description
1
J1A1
FAN 7
2
J3E3
I/O RISER
3
J4A3
PCIE_X4_7
4
J4A4
PCIE_X4_6
5
J5A1
PCIE_X4_5
6
J5A2
PCIE_X8_4
7
J6A1
PCIE_X8_3
8
J7A1
PCIE_X8_2
9
J7A2
PCIE_X8_1
10
J8A1
SERIAL
11
J8B2
FAN 6
12
J8A2
VGA
13
J9A1
USB_1-2
14
J8A3
FAN 8
15
J8F1
MEMORY RISER_B
16
J9D1
MEMORY RISER_A
17
J9J1
CONTROL PANEL
18
J9K3
PWR DIST CONN
19
J9K1
PWR DIST CONN
20
J9K2
PWR DIST CONN
21
CPU 1
Processor 1
22
CPU 2
Processor 2
23
CPU 3
Processor 3
24
CPU 4
Processor 4
25
J1K1
INT STORAGE
26
J1H1
INTRUSION
Jumpers and Connectors
155
Table 6-2. System Board Connectors
Connector
Description
27
J5E1
TOE KEY HEADER
28
J3E4
INT-USB
29
J3E2
SATA_A
30
J1F1
MEMORY RISER_D
31
XBT1D1
BATTERY
32
J2D2
MEMORY RISER_C
33
J1B2
FAN 5
SAS Backplane Connectors
Figure 6-3 shows the locations of the connectors on the SAS backplane for
2.5-inch systems.
156
Jumpers and Connectors
Figure 6-2. SAS Backplane Connectors (2.5-Inch System) (Front)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
Drive 0
2
Drive 1
3
Drive 2
4
Drive 3
5
Drive 4
6
Drive 5
7
Drive 6
8
Drive 7
Jumpers and Connectors
157
Figure 6-3. SAS Backplane Connectors (2.5-Inch System) (Back)
1
1
SAS B
3
Backplane power
2
3
2
SAS_A
Figure 6-4 and Figure 6-5 show the locations of the connectors on the SAS
backplane for 3.5-inch systems.
158
Jumpers and Connectors
Figure 6-4. SAS Backplane Connectors: 3.5-inch x5 Option (Front)
10
9
8
7
1
2
3
6
5
4
1
SATA_MODULE
2
CDROM
3
Fans (right)
4
Hard disk 4
5
Hard disk 3
6
Fans (left)
7
Hard disk 2
8
Hard disk 1
9
Hard disk 0
10
Control panel
Jumpers and Connectors
159
Figure 6-5. SAS Backplane Connectors: 3.5-inch x5 Option (Back)
2
3
4
5
1
1
SATA_A
2
Control Panel
3
Backplane B
4
GND/+12V
5
Backplane A
Power Interposer Connectors
Figure 6-6 and Figure 6-7 show the locations for the Power Interposer
connections on 2.5-inch systems.
160
Jumpers and Connectors
Figure 6-6. Power Interposer Connectors: 2.5-inch x8 Option (Front)
1
2
3
4
5
1
Fan
2
GND/+12v
3
Backplane power
4
SATA_MODULE
5
CDROM
6
FAN
6
Figure 6-7. Power Interposer Connectors: 2.5-inch x8 Option (Back)
1
1
SATA_PLANAR
3
Control panel
2
2
3
PLANAR
Jumpers and Connectors
161
Disabling a Forgotten Password
The system's software security features include a system password and a setup
password, which are discussed in detail in "Using the System Setup Program"
on page 41. The password jumper enables these password features or disables
them and clears any password(s) currently in use.
NOTICE: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions
in your Product Information Guide.
1 Remove power from the system, including any attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
3 Remove any expansion cards in slots 1 and 2 to gain access to the password
jumper.
4 Remove the jumper plug from the password jumper. See Figure 6-1 to
locate the password jumper (labeled "J7E2") on the system board.
5 Reinstall any expansion cards removed in step 3.
6 Close the system.
7 Reconnect your system and peripherals to their electrical outlets, and turn
on the system. The existing passwords are not disabled (erased) until the
system boots with the password jumper plug removed. However, before
you assign a new system and/or setup password, you must install the
jumper plug.
NOTE: If you assign a new system and/or setup password with the jumper
plug still removed, the system disables the new password(s) the next time it
boots.
8 Remove power from the system, including any attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
9 Open the system. See "Removing the Top Cover" on page 60.
10 Remove any expansion cards in slots 1 and 2 to gain access to the password
jumper.
11 Install the jumper plug on the password jumper.
12 Reinstall any expansion cards removed in step 10.
13 Lower the memory module shroud.
14 Close the system.
162
Jumpers and Connectors
15 Reconnect your system and peripherals to their electrical outlets, and turn
on the system.
16 Assign a new system and/or setup password.
To assign a new password using the System Setup program, see "Assigning
a System Password" on page 50.
Jumpers and Connectors
163
164
Jumpers and Connectors
7
Getting Help
Obtaining Assistance
If you experience a problem with your computer, you can complete the
following steps to diagnose and troubleshoot the problem:
1 See "Troubleshooting Your System" on page 127 for information and
procedures that pertain to the problem your computer is experiencing.
2 See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 149 for procedures on how
to run Dell Diagnostics.
3 Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 169.
4 Use Dell's extensive suite of online services available at Dell Support
(support.dell.com) for help with installation and troubleshooting
procedures. See "Online Services" on page 166 for a more extensive list of
Dell Support online.
5 If the preceding steps have not resolved the problem, see "Contacting
Dell" on page 170.
NOTE: Call Dell Support from a telephone near or at the computer so that the
support staff can assist you with any necessary procedures.
NOTE: Dell's Express Service Code system may not be available in all countries.
When prompted by Dell's automated telephone system, enter your Express
Service Code to route the call directly to the proper support personnel. If you
do not have an Express Service Code, open the Dell Accessories folder,
double-click the Express Service Code icon, and follow the directions.
For instructions on using the Dell Support, see "Support Service" on
page 167.
NOTE: Some of the following services are not always available in all locations
outside the continental U.S. Call your local Dell representative for information on
availability.
Getting Help
165
Online Services
You can learn about Dell products and services on the following websites:
www.dell.com
www.dell.com/ap (Asian/Pacific countries only)
www.dell.com/jp (Japan only)
www.euro.dell.com (Europe only)
www.dell.com/la (Latin American and Caribbean countries)
www.dell.ca (Canada only)
You can access Dell Support through the following websites and e-mail
addresses:
•
Dell Support websites
support.dell.com
support.jp.dell.com (Japan only)
support.euro.dell.com (Europe only)
•
Dell Support e-mail addresses
mobile_support@us.dell.com
support@us.dell.com
la-techsupport@dell.com (Latin America and Caribbean countries only)
apsupport@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)
•
Dell Marketing and Sales e-mail addresses
apmarketing@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)
sales_canada@dell.com (Canada only)
•
Anonymous file transfer protocol (FTP)
ftp.dell.com
Log in as user: anonymous, and use your e-mail address as your password.
166
Getting Help
Automated Order-Status Service
To check on the status of any Dell products that you have ordered, you can go
to support.dell.com, or you can call the automated order-status service. A
recording prompts you for the information needed to locate and report on
your order. For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting
Dell" on page 170.
Support Service
Dell's support service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to answer your
questions about Dell hardware. Our support staff use computer-based
diagnostics to provide fast, accurate answers.
To contact Dell's support service, see "Before You Call" on page 168 and then
see the contact information for your region.
Dell Enterprise Training and Certification
Dell Enterprise Training and Certification is available; see
www.dell.com/training for more information. This service may not be offered
in all locations.
Problems With Your Order
If you have a problem with your order, such as missing parts, wrong parts, or
incorrect billing, contact Dell for customer assistance. Have your invoice or
packing slip handy when you call. For the telephone number to call for your
region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 170.
Product Information
If you need information about additional products available from Dell, or if
you would like to place an order, visit the Dell website at www.dell.com. For
the telephone number to call for your region or to speak to a sales specialist,
see "Contacting Dell" on page 170.
Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit
Prepare all items being returned, whether for repair or credit, as follows:
Getting Help
167
1 Call Dell to obtain a Return Material Authorization Number, and write it
clearly and prominently on the outside of the box.
For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on
page 170.
2 Include a copy of the invoice and a letter describing the reason for the
return.
3 Include a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Diagnostics Checklist"
on page 169), indicating the tests that you have run and any error
messages reported by the Dell Diagnostics (see "Running the System
Diagnostics" on page 149).
4 Include any accessories that belong with the item(s) being returned (such
as power cables, media such as CDs and diskettes, and guides) if the return
is for credit.
5 Pack the equipment to be returned in the original (or equivalent) packing
materials.
You are responsible for paying shipping expenses. You are also responsible for
insuring any product returned, and you assume the risk of loss during
shipment to Dell. Collect On Delivery (C.O.D.) packages are not accepted.
Returns that are missing any of the preceding requirements will be refused at
Dell’s receiving dock and returned to you.
Before You Call
NOTE: Have your Express Service Code ready when you call. The code helps Dell’s
automated-support telephone system direct your call more efficiently.
Remember to fill out the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Diagnostics Checklist"
on page 169). If possible, turn on your computer before you call Dell for
assistance and call from a telephone at or near the computer. You may be
asked to type some commands at the keyboard, relay detailed information
during operations, or try other troubleshooting steps possible only at the
computer itself. Ensure that the computer documentation is available.
CAUTION: Before working inside your computer, follow the safety instructions in
your Product Information Guide.
168
Getting Help
Diagnostics Checklist
Name:
Date:
Address:
Phone number:
Service Tag (bar code on the back or bottom of the computer):
Express Service Code:
Return Material Authorization Number (if provided by Dell support technician):
Operating system and version:
Devices:
Expansion cards:
Are you connected to a network? Yes No
Network, version, and network adapter:
Programs and versions:
See your operating system documentation to determine the contents of the
system’s start-up files. If the computer is connected to a printer, print each file.
Otherwise, record the contents of each file before calling Dell.
Error message, beep code, or diagnostic code:
Description of problem and troubleshooting procedures you performed:
Getting Help
169
Contacting Dell
For customers in the United States, call 800-WWW.DELL (800.999.3355).
NOTE: If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find contact
information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog.
Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options.
Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be
available in your area. To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or
customer service issues:
1 Visit support.dell.com.
2 Verify your country or region in the Choose A Country/Region drop-down
menu at the bottom of the page.
3 Click Contact Us on the left side of the page.
4 Select the appropriate service or support link based on your need.
5 Choose the method of contacting Dell that is convenient for you.
170
Getting Help
Glossary
A — Ampere(s).
AC — Alternating current.
ACP I — Advanced Configuration and Power Interface. A standard interface for
enabling the operating system to direct configuration and power management.
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
located.
— The temperature of the area or room where the system is
ANSI — American National Standards Institute. The primary organization for
developing technology standards in the U.S.
A P P L I C A T I O N — Software designed to help you perform a specific task or series of
tasks. Applications run from the operating system.
ASC II — American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
— An individual code assigned to a system, usually by an administrator,
for security or tracking purposes.
ASSET TAG
B A C K U P — A copy of a program or data file. As a precaution, back up your system’s
hard drive on a regular basis. Before making a change to the configuration of your
system, back up important start-up files from your operating system.
— A battery that maintains system configuration, date, and time
information in a special section of memory when the system is turned off.
BACKUP BATTERY
— A diagnostic message in the form of a pattern of beeps from your
system’s speaker. For example, one beep, followed by a second beep, and then a burst
of three beeps is beep code 1-1-3.
BEEP CODE
BI OS — Basic input/output system. Your system’s BIOS contains programs stored on
a flash memory chip. The BIOS controls communications between the processor and
peripheral devices and miscellaneous functions, such as system messages
BIT
— The smallest unit of information interpreted by your system.
B L A D E — A module that contains a processor, memory, and a hard drive. The
modules are mounted into a chassis that includes power supplies and fans.
BMC — Baseboard management controller.
B O O T R O U T I N E — A program that clears all memory, initializes devices, and loads the
operating system when you start your system. Unless the operating system fails to
respond, you can reboot (also called warm boot) your system by pressing
Glossary
171
<Ctrl><Alt><Del>. Otherwise, you must restart the system by pressing the reset
button or by turning the system off and then back on.
B O O T A B L E D I S K E T T E — A diskette that is used to start your system if the system will
not boot from the hard drive.
B T U — British thermal unit.
B U S — An information pathway between the components of a system. Your system
contains an expansion bus that allows the processor to communicate with controllers
for the peripheral devices connected to the system. Your system also contains an
address bus and a data bus for communications between the processor and RAM.
C — Celsius.
C A C H E — A fast storage area that keeps a copy of data or instructions for quick data
retrieval. When a program makes a request to a disk drive for data that is in the cache,
the disk-cache utility can retrieve the data from RAM faster than from the disk drive.
C D — Compact disc. CD drives use optical technology to read data from CDs.
CM
— Centimeter(s).
CMOS
— Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor.
— As they relate to DMI, components include operating systems,
computer systems, expansion cards, and peripherals that are compatible with DMI.
Each component is made up of groups and attributes that are defined as relevant to
that component.
COMPONENT
C OM N — The device names for the serial ports on your system.
— The part of the system that contains indicators and controls,
such as the power button and power indicator.
CONTROL PANEL
— A chip that controls the transfer of data between the processor and
memory or between the processor and a peripheral.
CONTROLLER
— The first 640 KB of RAM. Conventional memory is
found in all systems. Unless they are specially designed, MS-DOS® programs are
limited to running in conventional memory.
CONVENTIONAL MEMORY
— A chip that relieves the system’s processor of specific processing
tasks. A math coprocessor, for example, handles numeric processing.
COPROCESSOR
C PU — Central processing unit. See processor.
D C — Direct current.
D DR — Double-data rate. A technology in memory modules that potentially doubles
172
Glossary
the output.
D E V I C E D R I V E R — A program that allows the operating system or some other
program to interface correctly with a peripheral. Some device drivers—such as network
drivers—must be loaded from the config.sys file or as memory-resident programs
(usually, from the autoexec.bat file). Others must load when you start the program for
which they were designed.
DH CP — Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A method of automatically
assigning an IP address to a client system.
DIAGNOSTICS
— A comprehensive set of tests for your system.
DI MM — Dual in-line memory module. See also memory module.
DI N — Deutsche Industrie Norm.
— Directories help keep related files organized on a disk in a hierarchical,
“inverted tree” structure. Each disk has a “root” directory. Additional directories that
branch off the root directory are called subdirectories. Subdirectories may contain
additional directories branching off them.
DIRECTORY
DMA — Direct memory access. A DMA channel allows certain types of data transfer
between RAM and a device to bypass the processor.
DMI — Desktop Management Interface. DMI enables the management of your
system’s software and hardware by collecting information about the system’s
components, such as the operating system, memory, peripherals, expansion cards, and
asset tag.
DNS — Domain Name System. A method of translating Internet domain names,
such as www.dell.com, into IP addresses, such as 143.166.83.200.
DRA M — Dynamic random-access memory. A system’s RAM is usually made up
entirely of DRAM chips.
DVD — Digital versatile disc.
ECC — Error checking and correction.
E EP R O M — Electronically erasable programmable read only memory.
EMC — Electromagnetic compatibility.
EMI — Electromagnetic interference.
ERA — Embedded remote access. ERA allows you to perform remote, or "out-ofband," server management on your network server using a remote access controller.
ESD — Electrostatic discharge.
ESM — Embedded server management.
Glossary
173
E X P A N S I O N B U S — Your system contains an expansion bus that allows the processor
to communicate with controllers for peripherals, such as NICs.
E X P A N S I O N C A R D — An add-in card, such as a NIC or SCSI adapter, that plugs into
an expansion-card connector on the system board. An expansion card adds some
specialized function to the system by providing an interface between the expansion
bus and a peripheral.
EXPANSION-CARD CONNECTOR
plugging in an expansion card.
— A connector on the system board or riser board for
F — Fahrenheit.
FAT — File allocation table. The file system structure used by MS-DOS to organize
and keep track of file storage. The Microsoft® Windows® operating systems can
optionally use a FAT file system structure.
F L A S H M E M O R Y — A type of EEPROM chip that can be reprogrammed from a utility
on diskette while still installed in a system; most EEPROM chips can only be rewritten
with special programming equipment.
F O R M A T — To prepare a hard drive or diskette for storing files. An unconditional
format deletes all data stored on the disk.
F SB — Front-side bus. The FSB is the data path and physical interface between the
processor and the main memory (RAM).
FT
— Feet.
FT P — File transfer protocol.
G
— Gram(s).
G — Gravities.
G B — Gigabit(s); 1024 megabits or 1,073,741,824 bits.
G B — Gigabyte(s); 1024 megabytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes. However, when referring
to hard-drive capacity, the term is usually rounded to 1,000,000,000 bytes.
GRAPHICS MODE
pixels by z colors.
— A video mode that can be defined as x horizontal by y vertical
G R O U P — As it relates to DMI, a group is a data structure that defines common
information, or attributes, about a manageable component.
G U A R D I N G — A type of data redundancy in which a set of physical drives stores data
and an additional drive stores parity data. See also mirroring, striping, and RAID.
174
Glossary
H — Hexadecimal. A base-16 numbering system, often used in programming to
identify addresses in the system’s RAM and I/O memory addresses for devices. In text,
hexadecimal numbers are often followed by h.
— A system or device that functions without having a keyboard,
mouse, or monitor attached. Normally, headless systems are managed over a network
using an Internet browser.
H E A D L E S S S YS T E M
— A host adapter implements communication between the system’s
bus and the controller for a peripheral device. (Hard-drive controller subsystems
include integrated host adapter circuitry.) To add a SCSI expansion bus to your
system, you must install or connect the appropriate host adapter.
HOST ADAPTER
H Z — Hertz.
I/ O — Input/output. A keyboard is an input device, and a monitor is an output
device. In general, I/O activity can be differentiated from computational activity.
ID — Identification.
ID E — Integrated drive electronics. A standard interface between the system board
and storage devices.
— Provides simultaneous physical mirroring of two drives.
Integrated mirroring functionality is provided by the system’s hardware. See also
mirroring.
INTEGRATED MIRRORING
INTERNAL PROCESSOR CACHE
processor.
— An instruction and data cache built into the
IP — Internet Protocol.
IP X — Internet package exchange.
IR Q — Interrupt request. A signal that data is about to be sent to or received by a
peripheral device travels by an IRQ line to the processor. Each peripheral connection
must be assigned an IRQ number. Two devices can share the same IRQ assignment,
but you cannot operate both devices simultaneously.
— Small blocks on a circuit board with two or more pins emerging from
them. Plastic plugs containing a wire fit down over the pins. The wire connects the
pins and creates a circuit, providing a simple and reversible method of changing the
circuitry in a board.
JUMPER
K — Kilo-; 1000.
K B — Kilobit(s); 1024 bits.
Glossary
175
K B — Kilobyte(s); 1024 bytes.
K B P S — Kilobit(s) per second.
K B P S — Kilobyte(s) per second.
K E Y C O M B I N A T I O N — A command requiring you to press multiple keys at the same
time (for example, <Ctrl><Alt><Del>).
— Kilogram(s); 1000 grams.
KG
KHZ
— Kilohertz.
K M M — Keyboard/monitor/mouse.
K VM — Keyboard/video/mouse. KVM refers to a switch that allows selection of the
system from which the video is displayed and for which the keyboard and mouse are
used.
L AN — Local area network. A LAN is usually confined to the same building or a few
nearby buildings, with all equipment linked by wiring dedicated specifically to the
LAN.
LB
— Pound(s).
L CD — Liquid crystal display.
L E D — Light-emitting diode. An electronic device that lights up when a current is
passed through it.
L GA — Land grid array. A type of processor socket. Unlike the PGA, the LGA
interface has no pins on the chip; instead, the chip has pads that contact pins on the
system board.
L I N U X — A UNIX-like operating system that runs on a variety of hardware systems.
Linux is open source software, which is freely available; however, the full distribution
of Linux along with technical support and training are available for a fee from vendors
such as Red Hat Software.
— On a system with local-bus expansion capability, certain peripheral
devices (such as the video adapter circuitry) can be designed to run much faster than
they would with a traditional expansion bus. See also bus.
LOCAL BUS
LVD — Low voltage differential.
M
— Meter(s).
MA
— Milliampere(s).
MAC A D D R E S S — Media Access Control address. Your system’s unique hardware
number on a network.
176
Glossary
MAH
— Milliampere-hour(s).
M B — Megabit(s); 1,048,576 bits.
MB — Megabyte(s); 1,048,576 bytes. However, when referring to hard-drive capacity,
the term is often rounded to mean 1,000,000 bytes.
M B P S — Megabits per second.
MB P S — Megabytes per second.
MB R — Master boot record.
M E M O R Y A D D R E S S — A specific location, usually expressed as a hexadecimal
number, in the system’s RAM.
MEMORY MODULE
the system board.
— A small circuit board containing DRAM chips that connects to
M E M O R Y — An area in your system that stores basic system data. A system can
contain several different forms of memory, such as integrated memory (ROM and
RAM) and add-in memory modules (DIMMs).
MH Z — Megahertz.
— A type of data redundancy in which a set of physical drives stores data
and one or more sets of additional drives stores duplicate copies of the data. Mirroring
functionality is provided by software. See also guarding, integrated mirroring, striping,
and RAID.
MIRRORING
MM
— Millimeter(s).
MOTHERBOARD
MS
— See system board.
— Millisecond(s).
MS - DO S® — Microsoft Disk Operating System.
MT / S — Million transfers per second.
NAS — Network Attached Storage. NAS is one of the concepts used for
implementing shared storage on a network. NAS systems have their own operating
systems, integrated hardware, and software that are optimized to serve specific storage
needs.
NIC — Network interface controller. A device that is installed or integrated in a
system to allow connection to a network.
NMI — Nonmaskable interrupt. A device sends an NMI to signal the processor about
hardware errors.
NS
— Nanosecond(s).
N TF S — The NT File System option in the Windows 2000 operating system.
Glossary
177
NVRAM — Nonvolatile random-access memory. Memory that does not lose its
contents when you turn off your system. NVRAM is used for maintaining the date,
time, and system configuration information.
PARITY
— Redundant information that is associated with a block of data.
— You can divide a hard drive into multiple physical sections called
partitions with the fdisk command. Each partition can contain multiple logical drives.
You must format each logical drive with the format command.
PARTITION
P CI — Peripheral Component Interconnect. A standard for local-bus
implementation.
P DU — Power distribution unit. A power source with multiple power outlets that
provides electrical power to servers and storage systems in a rack.
peripheral
An internal or external device, such as a diskette drive or keyboard, connected to a
system.
P GA — Pin grid array. A type of processor socket that allows you to remove the
processor chip.
P I X E L — A single point on a video display. Pixels are arranged in rows and columns to
create an image. A video resolution, such as 640 x 480, is expressed as the number of
pixels across by the number of pixels up and down.
P OS T — Power-on self-test. Before the operating system loads when you turn on your
system, the POST tests various system components such as RAM and hard drives.
P R O C E S S O R — The primary computational chip inside the system that controls the
interpretation and execution of arithmetic and logic functions. Software written for
one processor must usually be revised to run on another processor. CPU is a synonym
for processor.
— An operating mode that allows operating systems to implement
a memory address space of 16 MB to 4 GB, multitasking, and virtual memory—a
method for increasing addressable memory by using the hard drive. The Windows
2000 and UNIX 32-bit operating systems run in protected mode. MS-DOS cannot run
in protected mode.
PROTECTED MODE
P S/ 2 — Personal System/2.
P XE — Preboot eXecution Environment. A way of booting a system via a LAN
(without a hard drive or bootable diskette).
R AC — Remote access controller.
178
Glossary
RAID — Redundant array of independent disks. A method of providing data
redundancy. Some common implementations of RAID include RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID
5, RAID 10, and RAID 50. See also guarding, mirroring, and striping.
RAM — Random-access memory. The system’s primary temporary storage area for
program instructions and data. Any information stored in RAM is lost when you turn
off your system.
RAS — Remote Access Service. This service allows users running the Windows
operating system to remotely access a network from their system using a modem.
— A text file, usually shipped with software or hardware, that contains
information supplementing or updating the product’s documentation.
README FILE
R E A D - O N L Y F I L E — A read-only file is one that you are prohibited from editing or
deleting.
ROM — Read-only memory. Your system contains some programs essential to its
operation in ROM code. A ROM chip retains its contents even after you turn off your
system. Examples of code in ROM include the program that initiates your system’s
boot routine and the POST.
ROMB — RAID on motherboard.
RPM
— Revolutions per minute.
RTC — Real-time clock.
SAS — Serial-attached SCSI.
SATA — Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. A standard interface between the
system board and storage devices.
SCS I — Small computer system interface. An I/O bus interface with faster data
transmission rates than standard ports.
SDR AM — Synchronous dynamic random-access memory.
SEC
— Second(s).
S E R I A L P O R T — An I/O port used most often to connect a modem to your system.
You can usually identify a serial port on your system by its 9-pin connector.
— A bar code label on the system used to identify it when you call Dell
for technical support.
SERVICE TAG
SIMPLE DISK VOLUME
disk.
— The volume of free space on a single dynamic, physical
SMAR T — Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology. Allows hard drives
to report errors and failures to the system BIOS and then display an error message on
the screen.
Glossary
179
S M P — Symmetric multiprocessing. Used to describe a system that has two or more
processors connected via a high-bandwidth link and managed by an operating system,
where each processor has equal access to I/O devices.
S N MP — Simple Network Management Protocol. A standard interface that allows a
network manager to remotely monitor and manage workstations.
— Spanning, or concatenating, disk volumes combines unallocated space
from multiple disks into one logical volume, allowing more efficient use of all the
space and all drive letters on a multiple-disk system.
SPANNING
— Disk striping writes data across three or more disks in an array, but only
uses a portion of the space on each disk. The amount of space used by a "stripe" is the
same on each disk used. A virtual disk may use several stripes on the same set of disks
in an array. See also guarding, mirroring, and RAID.
STRIPING
S VG A — Super video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video
adapters with greater resolution and color display capabilities than previous standards.
S YS T E M B O A R D — As the main circuit board, the system board usually contains most
of your system’s integral components, such as the processor, RAM, controllers for
peripherals, and various ROM chips.
S YS T E M C O N F I G U R A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N — Data stored in memory that tells a
system what hardware is installed and how the system should be configured for
operation.
— See bootable diskette.
S YS T E M D I S K E T T E
S YS T E M M E M O R Y
— See RAM.
S YS T E M S E T U P P R O G R A M — A BIOS-based program that allows you to configure
your system’s hardware and customize the system’s operation by setting features such
as password protection. Because the System Setup program is stored in NVRAM, any
settings remain in effect until you change them again.
S YS T E M . I N I F I L E — A start-up file for the Windows operating system. When you
start Windows, it consults the system.ini file to determine a variety of options for the
Windows operating environment. Among other things, the system.ini file records
which video, mouse, and keyboard drivers are installed for Windows.
TCP/IP — Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
T O E — TCP/IP Offload Engine.
— Some devices (such as the last device at each end of a SCSI cable)
must be terminated to prevent reflections and spurious signals in the cable. When
such devices are connected in a series, you may need to enable or disable the
termination on these devices by changing jumper or switch settings on the devices or
TERMINATION
180
Glossary
by changing settings in the configuration software for the devices.
UNI X — An operating system written in the C programming language. A precursor to
Linux.
U P L I N K P O R T — A port on a network hub or switch used to connect to other hubs or
switches without requiring a crossover cable.
UPS — Uninterruptible power supply. A battery-powered unit that automatically
supplies power to your system in the event of an electrical failure.
USB — Universal Serial Bus. A USB connector provides a single connection point for
multiple USB-compliant devices, such as mice and keyboards. USB devices can be
connected and disconnected while the system is running.
— A program used to manage system resources—memory, disk drives, or
printers, for example.
UTILITY
UTP — Unshielded twisted pair. A type of wiring used to connect systems in a
business or home to a telephone line.
V — Volt(s).
VA C — Volt(s) alternating current.
VDC — Volt(s) direct current.
VGA — Video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video adapters
with greater resolution and color display capabilities than previous standards.
— The logical circuitry that provides (in combination with the
monitor) your system’s video capabilities. A video adapter may be integrated into the
system board or may be an expansion card that plugs into an expansion slot.
VIDEO ADAPTER
— A program that allows graphics-mode application programs and
operating systems to display at a chosen resolution with the desired number of colors.
Video drivers may need to match the video adapter installed in the system.
VIDEO DRIVER
— Most VGA and SVGA video adapters include memory chips in
addition to your system’s RAM. The amount of video memory installed primarily
influences the number of colors that a program can display (with the appropriate video
drivers and monitor capabilities).
VIDEO MEMORY
V I D E O R E S O L U T I O N — Video resolution (800 x 600, for example) is expressed as the
number of pixels across by the number of pixels up and down. To display a program at
a specific graphics resolution, you must install the appropriate video drivers and your
monitor must support the resolution.
Glossary
181
W — Watt(s).
W H — Watt-hour(s).
WIN.INI FILE
— A start-up file for the Windows operating system. When you start
Windows, it consults the win.ini file to determine a variety of options for the
Windows operating environment. The win.ini file also usually includes sections that
contain optional settings for Windows application programs that are installed on the
hard drive.
W I N D O W S 20 00 — An integrated and complete Microsoft Windows operating
system that does not require MS-DOS and that provides advanced operating system
performance, improved ease of use, enhanced workgroup functionality, and simplified
file management and browsing.
W I N D O W S P O W E R E D — A Windows operating system designed for use on NAS
systems. For NAS systems, the Windows Powered operating system is dedicated to file
service for network clients.
W I N D O W S S E R V E R 20 03 — A set of Microsoft software technologies that enable
software integration through the use of XML Web services. XML Web services are
small reusable applications written in XML that allow data to be communicated
between otherwise unconnected sources.
X M L — Extensible Markup Language. XML is a way to create common information
formats and to share both the format and the data on the World Wide Web, intranets,
and elsewhere.
Z I F — Zero insertion force.
182
Glossary
Index
A
C
alert messages, 39
carrier
RAID battery, 84
replacing hard-drive, 66
B
configuration
baseboard management
controller, 54
jumpers, 153
memory, 44
memory mirroring, 94
memory sparing, 93
non-optimal memory, 93
processor, 44
RAID, 13
back-panel
features, 19
baseboard management
controller
BMC, 54
configuration, 54
battery
RAID, 84
removing, 85
system, 108
replacing, 108
troubleshooting, 136
blank
drive
installing, 63
removing, 62
memory, 92
power supply, 68, 137
processor filler, 106
space, 50, 53
BMC, 54
boot device
configuring, 86
connector
battery, 109
DRAC network, 19
fan, 72
front panel, 13
network, 19
power, 19, 69
power interposer, 160
RAID battery, 79
SAS backplane, 156
serial, 19, 47
system board, 154
USB, 15
video, 15
cover
removing and installing top, 59
Index
183
D
damaged system
troubleshooting, 135
Dell
contacting, 170
Enterprise Training and
Certification, 167
diagnostics
executing, 150
messages, 39
PowerEdge, 149
running system, 149
support service, 167
system, 149
testing options, 150
when to use, 150
drive blank
installing, 63
removing, 62
removing, 88
retainer, 87
troubleshooting, 145
external device
connecting, 18, 20
F
fan
hot-plugging front, 71
installing back, 73
installing front, 70
removing back, 72
removing front, 70
fan housing
installing, 75
removing, 74
fans, 70-76
drive carrier
installing SAS hard drive into
SATAu, 66
installing SATA hard drive into
SATAu, 67
features
accessing system during setup, 12
back panel, 19
front panel, 13
system and setup password, 49
system diagnostics, 149
E
G
error messages
responding to, 41
guidelines
memory module installation, 92
SAS cabling, 80
expansion card
filler bracket, 19
installing, 86
PCI Express, 86
Index
184
H
hot-plug hard drive, 65
I/O riser, 111
memory modules, 99
memory riser, 98
optical drive, 89
optical drive into mounting
tray, 92
PCI Express card, 86
Power Interposer Board, 121
power supply, 69
processor, 105
processor heat sink, 104
RAID battery, 84
SAS backplane (2.5-inch hard
drives), 119
SAS backplane (3.5-inch hard
drives), 116
SAS controller card, 80
SAS hard drive into SATAu drive
carrier, 66
SATA hard drive into SATAu hard
drive carrier, 67
system battery. See Replacing.
system board, 124
top cover, 60
hard drive
indicator codes, 15
installing, 65
removing, 64
troubleshooting, 142
hard drive carrier
replacing, 66
hot-plug
back system fan, 73
front system fan, 71
installing hard drive, 65
installing power supply, 69
removing hard drive, 64
removing power supply, 68
I
indicator codes
hard drive, 15
power, 20
indicators
back panel, 19
front panel, 13
NIC, 22
power supply, 21
installing
back system fan, 73
back system fan housing, 75
cooling shroud, 77
DRAC, 112
drive blank, 63
front system fan, 70
integrated devices screen, 46
IRQ
PCI screen, 47
troubleshooting assignment
conflicts, 128
J
jumpers
system board, 153
Index
185
K
removing, 88
removing from a mounting
tray, 90
troubleshooting, 141
keyboard
troubleshooting, 130
M
memory
general installation guidelines, 92
information screen, 45
installing modules, 99
installing riser, 98
mirroring support, 94
non-optimal configurations, 93
population rules, 98
removing modules, 101
removing riser, 96
removing riser cover, 99
sparing support, 93
troubleshooting, 139
messages
responding to error, 41
N
NIC
activating TOE, 110
troubleshooting, 133
O
optical drive, 88
installing, 89
installing into a mounting tray, 92
optical drive mounting tray
installing optical drive, 92
removing optical drive, 90
replacing, 90
options
BMC setup module, 55
embedded server
management, 48
integrated devices screen, 46
PCI IRQ screen, 47
selecting diagnostics, 151
serial communication screen, 47
system diagnostics features, 149
system diagnostics testing, 150
system security screen, 48
system setup, 43
using custom test, 151
P
password
assigning setup, 53
assigning system, 50
changing system, 52
disabling forgotten, 54, 162
disabling system, 52, 54
system and setup features, 49
using setup, 53
using system, 50
PCI
Index
186
back fan housing, 74
cooling shroud, 76
drive blank, 62
front fan, 70
hot-plug hard drive, 64
I/O riser, 110
LCD status messages, 33
memory modules, 101
memory riser, 96
memory riser cover, 99
optical drive, 88
optical drive from mounting
tray, 90
PCI Express card, 88
Power Interposer Board, 119
power supply, 68
processor, 104
processor filler blank, 106
processor heat sink, 101
RAID battery, 85
SAS backplane (2.5" hard
drives), 116
SAS backplane (3.5" hard
drives), 114
SAS controller card, 80
system board, 122
top cover, 60
Express add-in cards, 86
installing Express card, 86
IRQ screen, 47
IRQ screen options, 47
removing Express card, 88
POST
changing system password, 52
disabling/deleting system
password, 52
power
button/indicator, 14
indicator codes, 20
power supply
blank, 68, 137
installing, 69
removing, 68
troubleshooting, 137
processor
CPU information screen, 45
installing, 105
removing, 104
troubleshooting, 147
R
RAID
battery, 84
SAS controller card, 78
RAID battery
installing, 84
removing, 85
removing
back fan, 72
replacing
hard drive carrier, 66
optical drive mounting tray, 90
system battery, 108
S
safety, 127
Index
187
SAS backplane
connectors, 156
installing (2.5" Hard Drives), 119
installing (3.5" Hard Drives), 116
removing (2.5" Hard Drives), 116
SAS controller card, 78
SAS controller card cabling
guidelines, 80
serial I/O device
troubleshooting, 132
setup password
assigning, 53
disabling, 54, 162
features, 49
operating with enabled, 54
using, 53
startup
accessing system features
during, 12
support
contacting Dell, 170
system
opening, 59
system board
connectors, 153
installing, 124
jumpers, 153
removing, 122
system cooling
troubleshooting, 138
system features
accessing during startup, 12
system messages, 34
system password
assigning, 50
changing, 52
disabling, 52, 54
using, 50
system setup
entering program, 41
options, 43
using, 42
using program, 41
system setup screens
CPU information, 45
embedded server
management, 48
integrated devices, 46
main, 43
memory information, 45
PCI IRQ, 47
serial communication, 47
system security, 48
T
TOE
activating NIC, 110
troubleshooting
expansion card, 145
basic I/O functions, 131
damaged system, 135
external connections, 129
hard drive, 142
IRQ assignment conflicts, 128
Index
188
keyboard, 130
mouse, 131
NIC, 133
optical drive, 141
power supplies, 137
processor, 147
SAS or SAS RAID controller
card, 144
serial I/O device, 132
start-up routine, 127
system battery, 136
system memory, 139
USB device, 132
video, 129
wet system, 134
U
USB device
troubleshooting, 132
using system setup, 41
V
video
troubleshooting, 129
W
warning messages, 39
wet system
troubleshooting, 134
Index
189
190
Index
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