Explorer 4-Dr

2000 Explorer
Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
6
Controls and features
Seating and safety restraints
21
119
Starting and driving
Starting
150
Driving
155
Roadside emergencies
189
Servicing
Maintenance and care
212
Capacities and specifications
266
Customer assistance
275
Reporting safety defects
287
Index
288
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photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation
in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 1999 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
2
Introduction
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of pickup trucks and utility type vehicles
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
Using your vehicle with a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package.
3
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window Lockout
4
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
MAX
MIN
Check fuel cap
5
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 8)
Speed controls*
(pg. 82)
Instrument panel dimmer
switch
(pg. 22)
Gearshift lever
(pg. 159)
Headlamp control
(pg. 21)
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
F
ABS
50
40
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
6
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
40
20
MPH
90
120
60
2
C
5
RPMx1000
140
000000
160
100
180
H
SPEED
CONT
L
110
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
H
4WD
LOW
OD
ON/OFF
L
!
E
CHECK
SUSP
O/D
OFF
4x4
AUTO HIGH LOW
VOL PUSH
RSM
OFF
ON
SET
ACCEL
OFF
COAST
1
OFF
Tilt steering wheel
lever*
(pg. 87)
Parking brake release
(pg. 156)
* if equipped
6
Driver air bag
(pg. 135)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 87)
Reverse sensing
system*
(pg. 33)
Hood release
(pg. 213)
Instrumentation
Electronic sound system
(pg. 35)
4wd control*
(pg. 168)
Rear window/washer
control
(pg. 88)
Rear window defroster
control
(pg. 33)
OFF
ON
AM
FM1
CLK
ST
BASS TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
2
3
4
5
R. WIPE
HI
PUSH
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
6
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fog lamp control*
(pg. 21)
Climate controls
(pg. 22)
7
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
20
1
CHECK
FUEL CAP
F
E
ABS
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
BRAKE
P
40
90
120
60
30
2
C
50
40
RPMx1000
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
H
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
THEFT
SPEED
CONT
L
110
H
CHECK
SUSP
4WD
LOW
L
O/D
OFF
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD II
system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
8
Instrumentation
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the gas cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Check
Engine light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine
startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle
service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Check fuel cap
Momentarily illuminates when the
CHECK
ignition is turned to the ON position
FUEL
CAP
to ensure your bulb is working.
When this light turns on, check the
fuel filler cap. Continuing to operate the vehicle with the check fuel cap
light on, can activate the Service Engine Soon/Check Engine warning
light. When the fuel filler cap is properly re-installed, the light(s) will
turn off after a period of normal driving.
It may take a long period of time for the system to detect an
improperly install fuel filler cap.
For more information, refer to Fuel filler cap in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
9
Instrumentation
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
!
to ensure the circuit is functional.
BRAKE
Also illuminates if the parking brake
is engaged. If the brake warning
lamp does not illuminate at these times, seek service immediately.
Illumination after releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid
level and the brake system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
ABS
to ensure the circuit is functional. If
the light remains on, continues to
flash or fails to illuminate, have the
system serviced immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake
system is disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake
warning light also remains illuminated with the parking brake released.
10
Instrumentation
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Bulbs in the Maintenance and care chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Check gage
Illuminates when the engine coolant
CHECK
temperature is high, the engine oil
GAGE
pressure is low or the fuel gauge is
at or near empty. The ignition must
be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also stay
illuminated after the ignition is turned to the ON position. Refer to
Engine coolant temperature gauge, Engine oil pressure gauge or
Fuel gauge in this chapter for more information.
11
Instrumentation
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
4WD
ignition is turned to the ON/START
LOW
position. Illuminates when
four-wheel drive low is engaged. If
the light continues to flash have the system serviced.
Four wheel drive high (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
4WD
ignition is turned to the START
HIGH
position. Illuminates when
four-wheel drive high is engaged. If
the light continues to flash have the system serviced.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
DOOR
AJAR
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the Transmission
O/D
Control Switch (TCS), refer to
OFF
Overdrive control in the Controls
and Features chapter, has been
pushed turning the transmission overdrive function OFF. When the light
is on, the transmission does not operate in the overdrive mode, refer to
the Driving chapter for transmission function and operation.
The light may also flash steadily if a transmission malfunction is
detected. If the light does not come on when the Transmission Control
Switch is depressed or if the light flashes steadily, have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible, damage to the transmission could occur.
Check air suspension (if equipped)
Illuminates momentarily when the
CHECK
ignition is turned to the ON position
SUSP
and the engine is OFF. The light
also illuminates when the air
suspension system requires servicing.
For information, refer to Air suspension system in the Driving chapter.
12
Instrumentation
Speed control
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET/ACCEL or RESUME controls
are pressed. It turns off when the
CONT
speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake or clutch (if equipped) is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
13
Instrumentation
GAUGES
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
CHECK FUEL
CAP
E
F
ABS
40
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
P
40
90
120
60
2
C
50
RPMx1000
140
000000
160
180
20
H
100
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
MPH
R N D 2 1
H
THEFT
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
50
40
O/D
OFF
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
14
140
000000
40
90
120
60
20
4WD
LOW
L
CHECK
SUSP
BRAKE
30
SPEED
CONT
L
110
160
100
180
20
MPH
km/h 120
H
C
110
Instrumentation
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
100
80
90
120
60
30
20
000000
40
40
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
90
120
140
000000
40
110
km/h 120
60
20
100
180
MPH
50
30
160
20
10
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
140
160
100
180
20
110
km/h 120
MPH
4
3
5
6
RPMx1000
2
1
0
15
Instrumentation
Battery voltage gauge
This shows the battery voltage when
the ignition is in the ON position. If
the pointer moves and stays outside
the normal operating range (as
indicated), have the vehicle’s
electrical system checked as soon as
possible.
H
L
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
H
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
L
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty,
there is a small amount of reserve
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
vehicle from empty indication, the
amount of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised
capacity due to the reserve fuel.
F
E
16
Instrumentation
The FUEL DOOR icon and arrow indicates which side of the vehicle the
fuel filler door is located.
MESSAGE CENTER (IF EQUIPPED)
With the ignition in the ON position,
the message center displays
important vehicle information
through a constant monitor of
vehicle systems. You may select
display features on the message
center for a display of status
preceded by a brief indicator chime.
The system will also notify you of
potential vehicle problems with a
display of system warnings.
FUEL
ENGLISH
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL CHANGE
RESET
Selectable features
English/metric display
Press to toggle the message center
display between metric or English
units.
Fuel range
Press once to display the
approximate kilometers (miles) left
to drive before the fuel tank is
empty.
Press again to display the distance
driven since this function was last
manually reset.
FUEL
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
FUEL
17
Instrumentation
For maximum accuracy of this display feature, the ignition should be in
the OFF position during fueling. The display FUEL LEVEL ERROR
indicates a problem with the fuel indication system. See your dealer or
qualified service technician for system maintenance.
Fuel status
Press once to display the
approximate amount of fuel
remaining in the fuel tank.
Press again to display the
approximate amount of fuel used
since the system was last reset.
Fuel economy
Press to display your vehicle’s
average fuel economy in liters/
100 km or (miles/gallons).
Reset
Press the reset control to reset the
current feature being displayed.
Warnings, distance driven, average
fuel economy, fuel used and
personalized oil reset percentage are
the only features that respond to
reset.
18
FUEL
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
FUEL
FUEL
Instrumentation
System check
Press the system check control to
display the status of the following
systems:
• engine oil life left
• engine oil level
• voltage level
• engine coolant temperature
• washer fluid level
• fuel level
The engine oil life left has two phases. The first display will indicate the
oil change status (OK, SOON, REQUIRED). The second display will
indicate the percentage of oil life remaining. The display OIL TEMP
SIGNAL ERROR indicates a problem with the system. Following this
display, contact your dealer or qualified service technician for system
maintenance.
FUEL
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
Operating the message center during system check
The message center controls can be operated as follows during the
system check sequence:
1. Press the system check controls to advance to the next display.
2. Press the reset control to immediately conclude the system check.
3. Press the range, fuel status or fuel economy control to conclude the
system check and display the requested feature.
4. Press the metric/English control to conclude the system check and
change the previous display to the new mode.
5. Press the oil change reset control to conclude the system check and
begin the oil change reset procedure.
An oil change is recommended whenever indicated by the message
center. Use only recommended engine oils.
The message center will tell you the percent of oil life left during system
check. This percentage is based on your driving history and the time
since your last oil change. In order to ensure accurate oil life left
indications, you should only perform the following procedure after you
have the oil changed.
19
Instrumentation
Oil change reset
Press the OIL CHANGE RESET
control to reset the oil life feature to
100% (or your personalized oil reset
percentage) (at optimal driving
conditions, 100% oil life is
equivalent to a maximum of 12 000
kilometers [7 500 miles]). After you
have the oil changed, you must
press and hold the OIL CHANGE
RESET control for five seconds. The
message center will count down for
five seconds. After a successful reset, the message center will display
OIL LIFE RESET TO 100%. (If you have established a personalized oil
reset percentage, the display will show that percentage instead of 100%.)
This reset procedure should be performed only after an oil change to
ensure accurate oil life indications.
Your personalized oil reset percentage allows you to establish a smaller
oil change interval than the manufacturer’s recommended interval. To
establish your personalized oil reset percentage:
1. Press and hold the OIL CHANGE RESET control and press the RESET
control while the display is still counting down the five seconds to reset.
The display will change to START OIL LIFE AT XXX%.
2. Press the OIL CHANGE RESET control until the displayed percentage
is the personalized oil reset percentage you desire. Your choices are
100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, 50%, 40% and 30%.
3. Press the RESET control to
complete the procedure. Pressing
any control other than RESET or
OIL CHANGE RESET will abort this
procedure and will not establish
your new personalized oil reset
percentage.
When your personalized oil reset
percentage has been established, it
will be used beginning with the
completion of your next OIL CHANGE RESET procedure.
FUEL
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ENGLISH/
METRIC
RANGE
STATUS
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
ECON
RESET
SYSTEM
CHECK
OIL
CHANGE
RESET
FUEL
20
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
OFF
Foglamp control (if equipped)
Turn on the low-beam headlamps or
parking lamps and press the foglamp
control to activate the foglamps.
The foglamp control will illuminate
when the foglamps are on.
Press the foglamp control a second time to deactivate the foglamps.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
Pull toward you to deactivate.
21
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past
detent) to turn on interior lamps.
DIM
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
22
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor can operate in all modes except
and
. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle. When placed in MAX A/C, the air conditioning will operate at
a full cool temperature. Therefore, the temperature control becomes
non-functional.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
•
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
23
Controls and features
•
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
•
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
•
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control knob is anywhere in
between the full hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through
the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the
windshield defrost ducts. If the temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or
higher, the air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to
reduce fogging.
(Defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
•
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
If the temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce fogging
on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle, do not drive with the
climate control system in the OFF or MAX A/C position.
• Do not put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
24
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) system
(if equipped)
The EATC system will maintain a
˚F
selected temperature and
AUTO
automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation
with any of the override controls,
the fan speed control or the steering
wheel controls.
REAR FAN OFF
MAX A/C
OFF
HI
AUTOMATIC
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
25
Controls and features
Turning the EATC on
Press AUTOMATIC, any of the
override controls or the fan speed
control. The EATC will only operate
when the vehicle is running.
˚F
HI
OFF
AUTO
REAR FAN OFF
MAX A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Turning the EATC off
Press OFF.
OFF
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Automatic operation
Press AUTOMATIC and select the desired temperature. The selected
temperature and the word AUTO will appear in the display window. The
EATC system will either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically determine fan speed, airflow
location and if outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed thumbwheel is turned or the
steering wheel fan speed control is pressed.
When in AUTOMATIC and weather conditions require heat, air will be
sent to the floor. However, if the engine is not warm enough to provide
heat, the fan will be at a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In 31⁄2 minutes or less, the fan speed will start to increase
and the airflow location will change to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging, etc.), the manual
override controls allow you to select airflow locations and the fan control
allows you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
26
Controls and features
Temperature selection
The display window indicates the
selected temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the override
controls) and manual control of fan
speed (
) if automatic fan speed is not desired.
To control the temperature, select
any temperature between 18°C
(65°F) and 29°C (85°F) by pressing
the blue (cooler) or red (warmer)
buttons.
˚F
AUTO
REAR FAN OFF
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
For continuous maximum cooling, push the blue button until 16°C
(60°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
warmer temperature is selected by pressing the red button.
For continuous maximum heating, push the red button until 32°C (90°F)
is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue maximum
heating (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a cooler
temperature is selected by pressing the blue button.
Temperature conversion
Press MAX A/C and DEF
at
the same time (for one second) to
switch between Fahrenheit and
Celsius.
OFF
AUTO
REAR FAN OFF
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
If your vehicle has an English/Metric (E/M) control, this control will also
change the temperature display.
27
Controls and features
Fan speed (
)
When AUTOMATIC is pressed, fan
speed is adjusted automatically for
existing conditions. You can override
fan speed at any time. To control
fan speed manually, use the
thumbwheel or steering wheel
control to cancel automatic fan
speed operation.
HI
OFF
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
• Rotate the thumbwheel up for higher fan speed or down for lower fan
speed.
• Press the steering wheel fan speed control up for higher fan speed or
down for lower fan speed.
to
The display will show
˚F
indicate manual fan operation.
AUTO
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTOMATIC.
Manual override controls
The override controls are located at
the bottom of the EATC and allow
you to determine where airflow is
directed. To return to full automatic
control, press AUTOMATIC.
˚F
OFF
HI
AUTO
REAR FAN OFF
MAX A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except FLOOR
and VENT. It will also operate only when required when AUTOMATIC
has been selected. However, the air conditioning will only function if the
outside temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
28
Controls and features
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
will display 16°C (60°F). To exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other
override controls. MAX A/C is noisier than normal A/C but more
economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster. Airflow is
from the instrument panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• PNL•FLR-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities
are provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on
the temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers.
• FLOOR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air cannot be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
• FLR•DEF-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on the
temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the temperature is about 6°C
(43°F) or higher, the air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
• DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
outside air temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to reduce undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
29
Controls and features
Rear fan off
Press REAR FAN OFF to turn off
the rear console fan. This overrides
the rear console fan speed control.
REAR FAN OFF
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
The EATC display window will indicate REAR FAN OFF.
The rear console fan will remain off until REAR FAN OFF is pressed
again.
To aid in defogging and demisting (removing condensation on the inside
of the windshield) in cool weather:
1. Select PANEL & FLOOR
2. Set the temperature control to full heat
3. Select A/C
4. Set the fan speed to HI
5. Direct the outer panel vents towards to side windows
To increase airflow to the outer panel vents, close the central panel
vents.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select DEF
before driving. This will reduce
fogging on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the rear seats.
30
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate the air
conditioner as you would normally.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Rear console climate controls (if equipped)
Depending on the equipment
package of your vehicle, the rear
console may be equipped with rear
console audio/climate controls.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
The instrument panel climate controls must be on in order for the rear
console climate controls to work.
Turn the air distribution control to the desired airflow position.
31
Controls and features
Turn the fan speed control to the
desired position.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
for air to flow through
Select
these vents:
–
VOLUME
+
SEEK
BAND
MEMORY
for air to flow through
Select
these vents:
–
VOLUME
SEEK
32
+
BAND
MEMORY
Controls and features
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is located
on the instrument panel.
Press the rear defroster control to
clear the rear window of thin ice
and fog.
• A small LED will illuminate when the rear defroster is activated.
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate the rear window
defroster.
The defroster turns off automatically after 10 minutes or when the
ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster
before 10 minutes have passed, push the control again.
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
4x4
AUTO HIGH LOW
REVERSE SENSING SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The reverse sensing system (RSS) sounds a tone to warn the driver of
obstacles near the rear bumper when the reverse gear is selected.
To help avoid personal injury, please read and understand the
limitations on the reverse sensing system described below.
Reverse sensing is only an assist for some (generally large and fixed)
objects when moving in reverse on a flat surface at “parking speeds” of
approximately 6 km/h (4 mph) or less. The weather may also affect the
function of RSS. RSS may have reduced performance, or be activated
in inclement weather. It is the driver’s responsibility for ensuring that
their path is clear when operating the vehicle.
33
Controls and features
To help avoid personal injury, always use caution when in
reverse and when using the reverse sensing system.
This system is not designed to prevent contact with small or
moving objects. The system is designed to provide a warning to
assist the driver in detecting large stationary objects to avoid damaging
the vehicle. The system may not detect smaller objects, particularly
those close to the ground.
The RSS will assist the driver in detecting certain objects while the
vehicle slowly moves in reverse at speeds less than 6 km/h (4 mph). The
RSS is not effective at speeds greater than 6 km/h (4 mph) and may not
detect certain angular or moving objects.
The reverse sensing system detects
obstacles within approximately
1.8 meters (5.9 ft.) of the rear
bumper with a decreased coverage
area at the outer corners of the
bumper, (refer to the figures for
approximate zone coverage areas).
As you move closer to the obstacle,
the rate of the tone increases. When
the distance to the obstacle is less
than 25.0 cm (10 in.), the tone will
sound continuously. If the system
detects a stationary or receding
object further than 25.0 cm (10 in.)
from the side of the vehicle, the
tone will sound for only three
seconds. Once the system detects
an object approaching, the tone will
sound again.
34
Controls and features
The reverse sensing system is
OFF
automatically enabled when the gear
selector is placed in R (Reverse)
and the ignition is ON. A reverse
sensing control allows the driver to
disable the reverse sensing system
only when the ignition is ON, and
the gear selector is in R (Reverse).
The OFF indicator remains illuminated when the system is disabled. The
system defaults to ON every time the reverse gear is selected. Press the
control to disable or enable the system.
The indicator will remain illuminated to indicate a failure of the reverse
sensing system.
Always keep the sensors (located on the rear bumper/fascia) free
from dirt, snow and ice (do not clean the sensors with sharp
objects). These elements may cause the system to operate
inaccurately.
If the vehicle sustains damage to the rear bumper/fascia, leaving
it misaligned or bent, the sensing zone may be altered causing
inaccurate measurement of obstacles or false alarms.
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM stereo cassette
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM1
BASS
CLK
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
2
3
4
5
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
6
35
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and tape modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
AM control to select from AM selections, and press the FM control to
select from FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
36
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
37
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM or the FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
5
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
38
6
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
mode, press the TAPE AMS
control.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
beginning of the tape selection
CLK
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
TAPE
To activate the feature, momentarily
AMS
depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the
beginning of the current selection) or FF (to advance to the next
39
Controls and features
selection). The tape deck stops and returns to play mode when the AMS
circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least four seconds duration between programs.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
mode.
To rewind in tape mode, press the
REW control.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape mode.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE and 1–2 at the same
time to play the alternate side of a
tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
4
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise
Press the
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
40
Controls and features
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press the SEEK
control:
•
•
CLK
TAPE
AMS
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press the
TUNE control:
CLK
TAPE
AMS
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information, etc.) and clock display mode (time).
41
Controls and features
When in clock mode, the media information will display for 10 seconds,
when the radio is turned on, and then revert to clock information.
Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media
information will again display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the
clock. In media mode, the media information will always be displayed.
AM/FM Stereo / Single CD Radio
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
SCN
ST
FM1
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
CD
CLK
DISC
SEEK
EJ
TUNE
COMP
DISCS
CD
1
CD
2
SHUFFLE
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
42
4
5
VOL - PUSH ON
6
Controls and features
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and CD modes.
AM
FM
CD
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio and CD changer mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
DISCS
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
43
Controls and features
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
DISCS
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the disc.
• Press
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
Seek function for CD mode
• Press
to seek to the previous
SEEK
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
TUNE
three seconds or more and you
DISCS
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
CD mode.
44
SCN
Controls and features
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
45
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
CD select
• To begin CD play (if CD[s] are
loaded), press the CD control.
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that, CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
AM
FM
CD
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
Rewind
The rewind control works in CD mode.
To rewind in CD mode, press the
CD control (preset 1).
Press the control again to deactivate
rewind mode.
46
CD
1
Controls and features
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in CD mode.
To fast forward in CD changer
mode, press the CD control (preset
2).
Press the control again to deactivate
fast forward mode.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
CD.
CD
2
EJ
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate and deactivate compression adjust.
Shuffle feature (if equipped with CD changer)
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
changer mode only and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. The shuffle feature continues
to the next disc after all tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press the SEEK
control:
SCN
CLK
47
Controls and features
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press the
TUNE control:
•
•
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
DISC
VOL PUSH ON
EJ
FM 1
AMC
BL
AM
ST
MUTE
RF
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
SEEK
TUNE
48
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
SEL
4
BAL
CLK
FADE
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Audio power can also be turned on
by pressing the AM/FM select
control or the tape/CD select
control. Audio power is turned off
by using the volume/power control.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
49
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD changer mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the remaining
discs.
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the control to fast-forward through the
remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
50
Controls and features
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD or CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the
beginning.
SEEK
• Press
to seek forward to the
TUNE
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
51
Controls and features
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
AM
FM
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
52
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
CLK
If there are less than six strong
stations available on the frequency
band, the remaining memory preset
controls will all store the last strong station available.
These stations are temporarily stored in the memory preset controls
(until deactivated) and are accessed in the same manner of your original
presets.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
•
to decrease the bass output
and
•
to increase the bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
53
Controls and features
Press the TREB control then press:
to decrease the treble output
•
and
•
to increase the treble output.
SEL
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
•
to shift sound to the left and
to shift sound to the right.
•
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift the sound to the
front and
•
to shift the sound to the rear.
54
BAL
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. If returning from
radio or tape mode, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
With the dual media audio system, press the CD control to toggle
between single CD and CD changer play (if equipped).
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control rewinds the CD within the
current track.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control fast forwards the CD within the
current track.
55
Controls and features
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates in
tape mode. Dolbyt noise reduction
4
reduces the amount of hiss and
static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate (and deactivate) the Dolbyt noise
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D
are trademarks of Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
symbol
Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
56
COMP
5
Controls and features
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode (if equipped) and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. If equipped with the CD
changer, the shuffle feature
continues to the next disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press SEEK:
AUTO
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
57
Controls and features
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press TUNE:
AUTO
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
•
If your vehicle has a separate clock
module, (other than the digital radio
display), the CLK button will not
function in the above manner.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK button will allow you to
switch between media display mode
AUTO
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for 10
CLK
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media
is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media information will again
display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the clock. In media mode,
the media information will always be displayed.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
EJ
MUTE
58
Controls and features
Rear seat controls (if equipped)
The Personal Audio System, a
- VOLUME +
MODE
feature of the optional Premium
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
and the MACHt Audio System with
SEEK
MEMORY
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD,
allows front and middle seat
passengers to listen to different
media sources (radio, cassette or
CD) simultaneously. However, the
front and middle-seat passengers
cannot listen to two different radio
stations at the same time.
To turn on the rear seat controls,
1
2
3
5
6
4
press the memory preset controls 3
and 5 at the same time. The
will appear in the display.
Pressing 3 and 5 at the same time
again will turn the rear seat controls
off.
If there is a discrepancy between the rear seat and the front audio
controls, (such as both trying to listen to the same playing media), the
front audio system will receive the desired selection.
To activate the Personal Audio
- VOLUME +
MODE
System, press the
speaker/headphone control. Press
the MODE control to change audio
SEEK
MEMORY
sources (for headphone mode only).
Use the SEEK, VOLUME and
MEMORY controls to make
adjustments to the playing media.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
59
Controls and features
Adjusting the volume
Press the + control to increase
volume.
Press the - control to decrease
volume.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
From the rear seat controls, volume control can be set no higher than
the current radio setting unless the speakers are turned off. Refer to
Turning speakers on and off.
Turning the speakers on and off
Press to turn all speakers on or off.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
Using headphones
Plug a 3.5 mm headphone (not included) into the
jack. Press the
speaker on/off control to operate the headphones.
The rear speakers will cut out once the speaker on/off control is pressed.
The front speaker will remain playing for the front passengers. Press the
control again to deactivate the headphones.
60
Controls and features
Mode select
Push the MODE control to toggle
between AM, FM1, FM2, tape, CD or
CD changer (if equipped).
Memory preset control
Push the MEMORY control
successively to allow rear seat
passengers to scroll through the 6
memory presets in AM, FM1 or
FM2.
Push the MEMORY control in CD
changer mode (if equipped) to
advance to the next disc.
Seek function
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
• In tape mode, use the SEEK
function to access the next
or
previous
selection.
• In CD mode (if equipped), use
the SEEK function to access the next
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
or previous
selection.
61
Controls and features
MACHT Audio System with AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
DISC
VOL - PUSH ON
EJ
FM1
MUTE
ST
AM
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
FADE
RDS
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
SEL
4
BAL
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain your preset
62
Controls and features
volume level, turn the audio system off with the power control before
switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
63
Controls and features
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the disc.
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the
control to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
SEEK
TUNE
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
64
Controls and features
Seek function for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
press
, the CD changer will
replay that selection from the
beginning.
SEEK
• Press
to seek forward to the
TUNE
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
65
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
AM
FM
the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune
adjust or Seek function for more information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset
1
2
3
5
4
control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
6
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
AUTO
3. When the first six strong stations
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
RDS
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
66
BASS
TREB
Controls and features
•
•
to decrease bass output and
to increase bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control then press:
•
to decrease treble output and
to increase treble output.
•
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
•
to shift sound to the left and
to shift sound to the right.
•
SEL
BASS
TREB
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
67
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift sound to the front
and
to shift sound to the rear.
•
BAL
FADE
SEL
Tape/CD/CD changer (if equipped) select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
If equipped with a CD changer, press the CD control to toggle between
single CD and CD changer play.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
68
Controls and features
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
Press the control to stop and eject a
CD.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
4
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise
reduction.
The Dolbyt noise reduction system is manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolbyt and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolbyt Labratories Licensing Corporation.
69
Controls and features
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode and plays all tracks on the
6
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
shuffle feature continues to the next
disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Setting the clock
Press the clock/RDS control until
SELECT HOUR is displayed and
press:
AUTO
RDS
•
•
70
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEL
Controls and features
To set the minute, press the
clock/RDS control until SELECT
MIN is displayed and press:
AUTO
RDS
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
Radio Data System (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio
system to receive text information
from RDS-equipped FM radio
stations.
Press and hold the control for three
seconds to turn the feature on or
off. Press the control to scroll
through the following selections:
SEL
AUTO
RDS
71
Controls and features
RDS traffic announcement
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
AUTO
RDS
• Use the SELECT control to select
ON or OFF. With the feature ON,
use the SEEK or SCAN control to
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
RDS select program type
• Press the RDS control until FIND
program type is displayed.
SEL
AUTO
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or AUTOSET
or SCAN control to find the
desired program type from the
following selections:
72
SEL
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Classic
Country
Info
Jazz/R&B
Religious
Rock
Soft
Top 40
RDS show
• With the RDS menu enabled,
press the RDS control until
SHOW is displayed.
AUTO
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE, NAME, TEXT or NONE.
When your radio is turned to a
RDS station, RDS station TYPE,
station NAME, or TEXT message
will be displayed along with the
frequency. Press SEL in order to
scroll through the text messages.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
SEL
EJ
MUTE
73
Controls and features
Rear seat controls (if equipped)
The Personal Audio System, a
- VOLUME +
MODE
feature of the optional Premium
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
and the MACHt Audio System with
SEEK
MEMORY
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD,
allows front and middle seat
passengers to listen to different
media sources (radio, cassette or
CD) simultaneously. However, the
front and middle-seat passengers
cannot listen to two different radio
stations at the same time.
To turn on the rear seat controls,
1
2
3
5
6
4
press the memory preset controls
3 and 5 at the same time. The
will appear in the display.
Pressing 3 and 5 at the same time
again will turn the rear seat controls
off.
If there is a discrepancy between the rear seat and the front audio
controls, (such as both trying to listen to the same playing media), the
front audio system will receive the desired selection.
To activate the Personal Audio
- VOLUME +
MODE
System, press the
speaker/headphone control. Press
the MODE control to change audio
SEEK
MEMORY
sources (for headphone mode only).
Use the SEEK, VOLUME and
MEMORY controls to make
adjustments to the playing media.
REW
74
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
Controls and features
Adjusting the volume
Press the + control to increase
volume.
Press the - control to decrease
volume.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
From the rear seat controls, volume control can be set no higher than
the current radio setting unless the speakers are turned off. Refer to
Turning speakers on and off.
Turning the speakers on and off
Press to turn all speakers on or off.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
Using headphones
Plug a 3.5 mm headphone (not included) into the
jack. Press the
speaker on/off control to operate the headphones.
The rear speakers will cut out once the speaker on/off control is pressed.
The front speaker will remain playing for the front passengers. Press the
control again to deactivate the headphones.
75
Controls and features
Mode select
Push the MODE control to toggle
between AM, FM1, FM2, tape, CD or
CD changer (if equipped).
Memory preset control
Push the MEMORY control
successively to allow rear seat
passengers to scroll through the 6
memory presets in AM, FM1 or
FM2.
Push the MEMORY control in CD
changer mode (if equipped) to
advance to the next disc.
Seek function
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
• In tape mode, use the SEEK
function to access the next
or
previous
selection.
• In CD mode (if equipped), use
the SEEK function to access the next
76
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
or previous
selection.
Controls and features
CD changer (if equipped)
The CD changer is located in one of the following locations:
• in the trunk
• in the center console
• under the driver’s seat
1. Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
2. Press
to eject the magazine.
3. Turn the magazine (A) over.
4. Using the disc holder release
knob (C), pull the disc holder (B)
out of the magazine.
A
B
C
77
Controls and features
A
If you pull too hard on the disc holder, the disc holder may come
completely out of the magazine. If this happens, reinsert the disc holder
back into the magazine while pressing on the lever (A).
5. Line up the CD with the groove
of the disc holder. Ensure that the
label on the CD faces downwards.
6. Press in on the disc holder until it
locks securely into the magazine. If
the disc holders are not fully locked
into the magazine, the unit will not
operate.
Ensure that the disc holder is
evenly inserted and at the same
level as the magazine (A). The unit
will not operate if the disc holder is
not inserted at the same level (B).
A
B
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove box when not being used.
78
Controls and features
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
ONLY use the magazine supplied with the CD changer, other types will
damage the unit.
Keep the CD changer door closed. Coins and foreign objects will damage
the CD player and void your audio system warranty.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
Troubleshooting the CD changer (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
79
Controls and features
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies
AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies
are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
80
Controls and features
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
accessories such as the radio to
operate while the engine is not
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
3
4
5
2
1
81
Controls and features
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
82
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL. Release the
control when the desired vehicle
RSM
speed is reached or
SET
• Press and release SET/SET
ACC
ACC/SET ACCEL to operate the
Tap-Up function. Each press will
COAST
increase the set speed by
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle speed is reached, press and release
SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
83
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST to
operate the Tap-Down function.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL.
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
84
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal
(if equipped).
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
85
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
Indicator light
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET ACCEL or RES controls are
pressed. It turns off when the speed
CONT
control OFF control is pressed, the
brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF position.
86
Controls and features
TILT STEERING WHEEL (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control to
lock the steering wheel in position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
87
Controls and features
Push (tap) the end of the stalk
briefly for a single swipe (no wash).
Push and hold for three swipes with
wash. Push and hold for a longer
wash (up to ten seconds).
Speed dependent wipers
When the windshield wiper control is set on the intermittent settings,
speed-sensitive front wipers automatically adjust as the vehicle’s speed
changes.
Rear window wiper and washer
For rear wiper operation, rotate the
rear window wiper and washer
control to the desired interval
position.
OFF
R.WIPE
HI
PUSH
Press the control for rear washer
fluid operation.
OFF
R.WIPE
PUSH
88
HI
Controls and features
STEERING WHEEL CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)
These controls allow you to operate some radio and climate control
features.
Radio control features
• Press BAND/MODE to select AM,
FM1, FM2, TAPE or CD (if
equipped).
In Radio mode:
• Press MEM/NEXT to select a
preset station from memory.
NEXT
MODE
In Tape mode:
• Press MEM/NEXT to listen to the next selection on the tape.
In CD mode:
• Press MEM/NEXT to listen to the next track on the disc.
In any mode:
• Press VOL up or down to adjust the volume.
Climate control features
• Press TEMP up or down to adjust temperature.
• Press FAN up or down to adjust fan speed.
89
Controls and features
OVERHEAD CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to
your option package.
Storage compartment (if equipped)
Press the OPEN control to open the
storage compartment. The door will
open slightly and can be moved to
full open.
Installing a garage door opener (if equipped)
The storage compartment can be converted to accommodate a variety of
aftermarket garage door openers:
• Remove the storage clip from the
door.
• Place Velcroy hook onto side of
aftermarket transmitter opposite
of actuator control.
• Place the transmitter into storage
compartment, control down.
90
Controls and features
• Place the provided height
adaptors onto the back of the
GARAGE control as needed.
• Press the GARAGE control to
activate the transmitter.
Moon roof (if equipped)
You can move the moon roof back to open the glass panel or tilt up to
ventilate the vehicle.
To open the moon roof:
The moon roof is equipped with an
automatic, one-touch, express
opening feature. Press and release
the rear portion of the control. To
stop motion at any time during the
one-touch opening, press the control
a second time.
To close the moon roof:
Press and hold the front portion of
the control until the glass panel
stops moving. Once fully closed, the rear of the glass panel will appear
higher than the front edge.
To vent:
To tilt the moon roof into the vent position (when the glass panel is
closed), press and hold the front portion of the control. To close the
moon roof from the vent position, press and hold the rear portion of the
control until the glass panel stops moving.
If the battery is disconnected, discharged, or a new battery is installed,
the moon roof needs to be opened to the vent position to reset the moon
roof positions.
The moon roof has a sliding shade that can be opened or closed when
the glass panel is shut. To close the shade, pull it toward the front of the
vehicle.
LAMP
MODE
LAMP
91
Controls and features
Do not let children play with the moon roof. They may seriously
hurt themselves.
Electronic compass/temperature display (if equipped)
Outside air temperature
The outside temperature display is
contained in the overhead console.
The temperature display can be
turned off and on by pressing the
MODE control on the overhead
console. The temperature can be
displayed in Centigrade or
Fahrenheit by pressing the MODE
control.
If the outside temperature falls
below 3.3°C (38°F), the display will
alternate from “ICE” to the outside
temperature at a two second rate
73° NW
for one minute.
Compass
The compass display is contained in the overhead console. The vehicle
heading is displayed as one of N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W and NW.
The compass reading may be affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and powerful broadcast antenna. Magnetic
or metallic objects placed in or on the vehicle may also affect compass
accuracy. Adjustments may need to be made to the zone and calibration
of the compass.
OPEN
GARAGE
LAMP
92
MODE
LAMP
Controls and features
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
2. Press and hold the MODE control
until VAR appears in the display,
then release. The display should
show the current zone number.
3. Press the MODE control until the
desired zone number appears. The
display will flash and then return to
normal operation. The zone is now
updated.
LAMP
9
MODE
8
9
LAMP
VAR
93
Controls and features
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open
area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines:
• Press and hold the MODE control
until CAL appears in the display
(approximately eight seconds)
and release.
• Drive the vehicle slowly (less
than 5 km/h [3 mph]) in circles
until CAL indicator turns off in
about 2–3 complete circles.
LAMP
MODE
LAMP
CAL
HOMELINKT UNIVERSAL TRANSCEIVER WITH TRAVELNOTET
(IF EQUIPPED)
The HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, located on the driver’s visor,
provides a convenient way to replace up to three hand-held transmitters
with a single built-in device. This feature will learn the radio frequency
codes of most current transmitters to operate garage doors, entry gates,
security systems, entry door locks, and home or office lighting.
When programming your HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, to a
garage door or gate be sure that people and objects are out of
the way to prevent potential harm or damage.
Do not use the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver with any garage door
opener that lacks safety stop and reverse features as required by U.S.
federal safety standards (this includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door which cannot detect
an object, signaling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current
U.S. federal safety standards. For more information on this matter, call
toll-free: 1–800–355–3515 or on the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
94
Controls and features
Programming
1. Prepare for programming the
HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver by
erasing the three factory default
REC
DEL
PLAY
codes by holding down the two
outside buttons until the red light
begins to flash after 20 seconds.
Release both buttons.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held
transmitter 5–14 cm (2–5 inches) away from the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver surface (located on your visor) while keeping the red light in
view.
3. Using both hands simultaneously
press and hold the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired
REC
DEL
PLAY
HomeLinkt button. Do not release
the buttons until step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door
openers may require you to replace
step 3 with the procedure in the “Canadian Programing” section.
4. The red light will flash slowly and then rapidly. Release both buttons
when the red light flashes rapidly.
5. Follow steps 2 through 4 to program the remaining two buttons.
If you do not successfully program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver
after repeated attempts, refer to Rolling code programing which
follows, or call toll-free customer assistance: 1–800–355–3515 or on the
Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
Canadian Programming
During programming, your hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds which may not be long enough to
program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver.
95
Controls and features
To program your hand-held
transmitters:
• continue to hold the button on
the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver.
• press and re-press the hand-held
transmitter button every two
seconds until the red light
changes from a slow to a fast flash.
REC
Operating the HomeLinkT Universal Transceiver
Once programmed, the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver can be used in
place of hand-held transmitters. To
REC
operate, simply press and release
the appropriate HomeLinkt button
(the red light will illuminate,
indicating the signal is being
transmitted).
DEL
PLAY
DEL
PLAY
Rolling code programming
Rolling code garage door openers (or other rolling code devices) which
are “code protected” and manufactured after 1996, may be determined
by the following:
• Reference the device owner’s manual for verification
• The hand-held transmitter appears to program the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver but does not activate the device.
• Press and hold the trained HomeLinkt button. The device has the
rolling code feature if the indicator light flashes rapidly and then turns
solid after two seconds.
After completing the “Programming” functions, follow these steps to
train a garage door opener with the rolling code feature:
1. Locate the training button on the garage door motor head unit.
Refer to the garage door opener manual or call 1–800–355–3515 or on
the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com. if there is difficulty locating the
training button.
2. Press the training button on the garage door motor head unit (which
will activate the “training” light).
96
Controls and features
3. Press and release the
programmed HomeLinkt button.
Press and release the HomeLinkt
REC
DEL
PLAY
button a second time to complete
the training process. (Some garage
door openers may require this
procedure to be done a third time
to complete the training).
The 2nd or 3rd press from step 3 will activate the door. The HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver has now been trained to the receiver. The
remaining two buttons may now be programmed if this has not
previously been done.
Erasing HomeLinkT buttons
Individual buttons cannot be erased,
however, to erase the three
programmed buttons:
REC
DEL
PLAY
1. Hold down the two outside
buttons until the red light begins to
flash after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
Reprogramming a single HomeLinkT button
To program a device to HomeLinkt using a HomeLinkt button previously
trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLinkt button. Do NOT release until
step 4 has been completed.
2. When the indicator light begins to flash slowly (after 20 seconds),
position the hand-held transmitter 5–14 cm (2 to 5 inches) away from
the HomeLinkt surface.
3. Press and hold the hand-held transmitter button.
4. The HomeLinkt indicator light will flash, first slowly and then rapidly.
When the indicator light begins to flash rapidly, release both buttons.
The previous device has now been erased and the new device can be
activated by pushing the HomeLinkt button that has just been
programmed.
97
Controls and features
Operating TravelNoteT
TravelNotet records and stores messages for up to three minutes in total
length with simple controls. When you get an idea or remember
something important while you’re driving, you don’t have to try to
scribble it down or pull off the side of the road. All you have to do is
push a button and begin speaking.
To record a message:
1. Press and release the REC
button one time to start recording.
REC
DEL
PLAY
(An audible tone will sound,
confirming the onset of recording).
2. Press and release the REC
button a second time to end
recording. (An audible tone will sound again, confirming the end of
recording and the red indicator light will turn off.)
3. While a message is being recorded, the indicator light will be a solid
red.
4. If the message exceeds the available memory space, two tones will
sound, the indicator light will flash amber and recording will end.
The indicator light will flash amber and an “error” tone will sound if the
REC button is pressed when memory is full.
To play a message:
1. Press and release the PLAY
button to play the message.
REC
DEL
PLAY
2. Press and hold the PLAY button
to hear all the messages in
consecutive order starting with the
most recent.
3. If the PLAY button is pressed while a message is being listened to,
TravelNote will skip to the beginning of the next message.
4. During all PLAY functions, the indicator light will be a solid green.
The indicator light will flash amber and an “error” tone will sound if the
PLAY button is pressed but no message is currently in memory.
98
Controls and features
To delete a message:
1. Press and release the DEL button
while listening to a message or
REC
DEL
PLAY
shortly after. The indicator light will
flash green twice.
2. To delete all recorded messages,
simultaneously press and release the
PLAY and REC buttons at the same time. The indicator light will flash
green twice.
If the DEL button is inadvertently pressed or the time allotted (five
seconds) has passed, the indicator light will flash amber and an “error”
tone will sound.
AUTOLAMP DELAY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The autolamp sets the headlamps to turn on and off automatically. The
autolamp may be set to:
• turn on the lamps automatically at night
• turn off the lamps automatically during daylight
• keep the lamps on for up to three minutes after the key is turned to
OFF
Setting autolamp
1. Make sure the headlamp control
is in the OFF position. Leaving the
headlamp control on will override
the autolamp.
2. Turn the ignition to the ON
position or start the vehicle.
OFF
3. Slide the delay control all the way
to the left.
The further you move the knob to
the right, the longer the headlamps
stay on after the ignition is turned
to the OFF position. The autolamp
will keep the headlamps on for a maximum of three minutes after the
ignition is turned to OFF.
DELAY
AUTOLAMP
OFF
MAX.
99
Controls and features
4. The autolamp automatically turns the lamps on and off. The indicator
light will illuminate when the headlamps turn on.
AUTOMATIC DIMMING REAR VIEW MIRROR
The autolamp/automatic dimming
mirror is equipped with an
automatic dimming feature. This
feature will change from the normal
state to the non-glare “active” state
when bright lights (glare) reach the
mirror. When the mirror detects bright light from front or behind, it will
adjust automatically to minimize glare.
The mirror will automatically return to the normal position whenever the
vehicle is placed in R (Reverse) (when the mirror is in the ON position).
This helps to ensure a bright clear view in the mirror when backing up.
DELAY
AUTOLAMP
OFF
MAX.
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
100
Controls and features
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The driver’s
window will open fully. Depress
again to stop window operation.
One touch down can be deactivated
during operation by pushing down
on the top part of the driver power
window control.
AUTO
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
To lock out all the window controls
WINDOW LOCK
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right side to restore the window controls.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
101
Controls and features
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the
childproof lock. Move control down
to disengage childproof locks.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left mirror or
1. Select
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
to adjust the right mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
102
Controls and features
Heated outside mirrors (if equipped)
Both mirrors are heated
automatically to remove ice, mist
and fog when the rear window
defrost is activated.
Do not remove ice from the mirrors
with a scraper or attempt to
readjust the mirror glass if it is
frozen in place. These actions could
cause damage to the glass and
mirrors.
Fold-away mirrors
Pull the side mirrors in carefully
when driving through a narrow
space, like an automatic car wash.
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
variety of console features. These
include:
• Utility compartment with
cassette/compact disc storage
• Auxiliary power point
• Cupholders
• Tissue box holder
• Ashcup
• Compact disc changer (if equipped)
• Removable utility bag (if equipped)
103
Controls and features
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
Auxiliary power point
The power point is an additional
power source for electrical
accessories.
Rear console features
The rear console incorporates the
following features:
• air vents
• audio system controls
• rear seat climate controls
• cupholders
104
Controls and features
CENTER ARMREST/REAR CUPHOLDER (IF EQUIPPED)
Do not attempt to raise the console
armrest when the rear cupholder is
in use. If you find resistance when
raising the armrest, make sure the
cupholder is fully closed or else
damage may occur to the armrest.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post and rotate forward to
lock in. Make sure that the mat does
not interfere with the operation of
the accelerator or the brake pedal.
To remove the floor mat, reverse the
installation procedure.
REAR LIFTGATE
The liftgate area is only intended for cargo, not passengers. You can open
and close the liftgate from outside the vehicle. It cannot be opened from
inside the cargo area.
• To open the liftgate window,
unlock the liftgate (with the key
or power door locks) and push
the key lock cylinder.
• To open the liftgate, unlock the
liftgate and pull up on the handle
under the license plate lamp
shield.
To lock the liftgate and the liftgate
window, use the key or the power
door locks, depress the key lock cylinder or press the door lock switch
on the left side of the cargo area.
105
Controls and features
The liftgate door and window should be closed before driving your
vehicle. If not, possible damage may occur to the liftgate door lift
cylinders and attaching hardware.
Make sure that the liftgate door and/or window are closed to
prevent exhaust fumes from being drawn into the vehicle. This
will also prevent passengers and cargo from falling out. If you must
drive with the liftgate door or window open, keep the vents open so
outside air comes into the vehicle.
CARGO COVER (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo area shade that covers the
luggage compartment of your vehicle.
To install the shade:
1. Fasten the cover into the
mounting brackets (make sure the
cover is right side up).
2. Pull the end of the shade toward
you and hook the sides into the
notches (right side first) in the rear
trim panels.
To prevent the possibility of
injuries, the fasteners for
the cargo area cover must be
properly attached to the mounting
clips on the rear trim panels.
Do not place any objects on the cargo area cover. They may
obstruct your vision or strike occupants of the vehicle in the
case of a sudden stop or collision.
Rewinding the shade
With extended use, the cargo shade may lose its spring tension. If this
occurs, the shade must be manually rewound. This is a two-person
operation.
106
Controls and features
1. Remove the shade from the vehicle and extend it with the smooth
grain facing you.
2. Wrap the vinyl around the roller
tube twice. Tuck the edges of the
vinyl inside the end cap with each
wrap.
3. Fold the edges of the vinyl
towards the center, making sure
that the edges clear the end cap
slots. Use tape or a rubber band to
hold the vinyl to the left side of the
tube.
4. Push in the right end cap
(marked RH) about 1⁄4 of the total
length to disengage the clutch and
hold the end cap in while turning
the roller tube toward you 14 times.
5. Let go of the right end cap. The
clutch will now engage and stop the
shade from losing its spring tension.
6. Unfold the vinyl and place it into
the end cap slots.
7. Insert the shade into the side mounting brackets and check to make
sure that it operates properly.
The cover may cause injury in a sudden stop or accident if it is
not securely installed.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the LOCK
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
107
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The doors
will lock again, the horn will chirp
and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn
will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close all
doors.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
108
Controls and features
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Memory seat feature (if equipped)
The remote entry system can also
control the memory seat feature.
Press the control once to unlock the
driver’s door and move the memory
seat feature to the corresponding
memory position, just as if you had
pressed the memory control in the
vehicle.
When your dealer programs new
transmitters:
• the first transmitter programmed will recall memory position one.
• the second transmitter programmed will recall memory position two.
• the third transmitter programmed will recall memory position three.
• the fourth transmitter programmed will not recall a memory position.
Memory positions can be changed at any time. The memory feature can
be deactivated or reactivated by performing the following:
1. Make sure the ignition is off and all doors and the liftgate window are
closed.
2. Turn the ignition key from OFF to ON.
3. Press the power door unlock control three times.
4. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
5. Press the power door unlock control three times.
6. Turn the ignition back to ON. The horn will chirp.
7. Press the unlock control two times, then press the lock control. The
horn will chirp twice if the remote memory seat feature was deactivated
or will sound three times (two short chirps followed by one long chirp) if
the feature was activated.
8. Turn the ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm that you
activated or deactivated the remote memory seat feature.
109
Controls and features
The memory feature will continue to work from the door control even
when deactivated at the remote entry module.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
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Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
If a remote transmitter has been lost
and you would like to remove it
from the vehicle’s memory, or you
would like to purchase additional
remote transmitters and have them
programmed to your vehicle:
• Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your dealer for
programming, or
• Perform the programming
procedure yourself
Programming remote transmitters
It is necessary to have all (maximum of four — original and/or new) of
your remote transmitters available prior to beginning this procedure.
To program the transmitters yourself:
• Place the key in the ignition and
turn from 2 (LOCK) to 3 (OFF)
4
and cycle between 3 (OFF) and
3
4(ON) eight times in rapid
5
succession (within 10 seconds)
with the eighth turn ending in the
2
4 (ON) position. The doors will
lock/unlock to confirm that
programming mode has been
1
entered.
• Within 20 seconds, program a
remote transmitter by pressing any button on a transmitter. The doors
will lock/unlock to confirm that the remote transmitter has been
programmed. (If more than 20 seconds pass before pressing a remote
transmitter button, the programming mode will exit and the procedure
will have to be repeated.)
• Repeat the previous step to program additional remote transmitters.
The doors will lock/unlock to confirm that each remote transmitter has
been programmed.
• When you have completed programming the remote transmitters, turn
the ignition to 3 (OFF). Again the doors will lock/unlock to confirm
programming has been completed.
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Controls and features
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the RUN or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 45 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
Keyless entry system (if equipped)
With the keyless entry keypad, you
can:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
• lock or unlock the vehicle doors
without using the key
• activate/deactivate the autolock feature
See also Remote entry system in this chapter for more information.
Your vehicle has a factory-set 5–digit code that operates the keyless
entry system. You can also program your own 5–digit personal entry
code.
The factory-set code is located:
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove compartment
• taped to the computer module
• or at your dealer
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry keypad, press the
middle of the controls to ensure a good activation.
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Controls and features
Programming your own personal entry code
1. Enter the factory-set code (keypad will illuminate when pressed).
2. Press the 1/2 control within five
seconds of step 1.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Enter your personal 5 digit code.
Enter each digit within five seconds
of the previous one.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same number or presents
them in sequential order. Thieves can easily figure out these types of
codes.
Your personal code does not replace the permanent code that the
dealership gave you. You can use either code to unlock your vehicle. If a
second personal code is entered, the module will erase the first personal
code in favor of the new code.
If you wish to erase your personal code, use the following instructions:
Erasing personal code
1. Enter the factory-set code.
2. Press 1/2 within five seconds of
step 1.
3. Press the 7/8 and 9/0 controls at
the same time within five seconds of
step 2.
The system will now only respond
to the factory-set code.
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
Unlocking the doors with the keyless entry system
To unlock the driver’s door, enter either the factory-set code or personal
code (each digit pressed within five seconds of the prior digit). The
interior lamps will illuminate.
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Controls and features
To unlock all doors, enter the
factory-set code or personal code
(driver door unlocks) and press the
3/4 control within five seconds.
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
Locking the doors with the keyless entry system
To lock all the doors, press 7/8 and
9/0 at the same time. It is not
1 2 3 4 5 6
necessary to first enter the keypad
code.
7 8
9 0
Autolock
The autolock feature will lock all of the vehicle doors when:
• all doors are closed
• the engine is running and
• you shift into any gear putting the vehicle in motion
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door, except the drivers door, is opened then closed while the
engine is running and
• you put the vehicle in motion
Deactivating autolock
Before following the activation or deactivation procedures, make sure
that the ignition is OFF and all vehicle doors and liftgate window are
closed.
1. Enter the 5 digit entry code.
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Controls and features
2. Press and release the 3/4 control
while holding the 7/8 control.
3. Release the 7/8 control.
The horn will chirp once if autolock
was deactivated or twice (one short
and one long chirp) if autolock was
activated.
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
To reactivate autolock, repeat steps 1 through 3.
Autolock can also be activated or deactivated using the following
procedure:
You must complete steps 1 through 5 within 30 seconds or the procedure
will have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you
must wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key from OFF to ON/ACC.
2. Press the power door UNLOCK control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON/ACC to OFF.
4. Press the power door UNLOCK control three times.
5. Turn the ignition key from OFF to ON/ACC. A horn chirp indicates the
enable/disable feature is entered.
6. Press the power door UNLOCK control one time.
7. Press the power door LOCK control to toggle the Autolock/Relock
state. You will receive a horn chirp followed by either a long honk,
autolock/relock is enabled, or no honk, autolock/relock is disabled.
8. Turn ignition to OFF.
If autolock/relock has been changed, the horn will chirp to confirm
procedure is complete.
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Controls and features
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system provides an advanced level of
vehicle theft protection. Your vehicle’s engine can only be started with
the two special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys provided with
your vehicle. Each time you start your vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is
read by the SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. If the SecuriLocky
key identification code matches the code stored in the SecuriLocky
anti-theft system, the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match the code stored in
the system or if a SecuriLocky key is not detected (vehicle theft
situation), the vehicle’s engine will not operate.
If there is any potential SecuriLocky anti-theft problem with your
vehicle, ensure ALL SecuriLocky keys for that vehicle are brought to
the dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may result in
vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection. Large metallic
objects, a second key or electronic devices used to purchase gasoline or
similar items on the same key ring as the PATS ignition key may cause
vehicle starting problems. If present, you need to keep these objects
from touching the PATS ignition key while starting the engine. These
objects cannot damage the PATS ignition key, but can cause a
momentary problem if they are too close to the key during engine start.
If a problem occurs, turn the ignition OFF and restart the engine with all
other objects on the key ring held away from the ignition key. Check to
make sure the encoded ignition key is an approved Ford encoded
ignition key.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or stolen and you want
to ensure the lost or stolen key will not operate your vehicle, bring your
vehicle and all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
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Controls and features
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on the instrument cluster will operate as follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will flash briefly every
two seconds to indicate the SecuriLocky system is protecting your
vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to ON or START, the theft indicator will
light for three seconds and then go out. If the theft indicator stays on
for an extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified technician.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system (up to a
total of eight keys). Your dealership can program your new SecuriLocky
key(s) to your vehicle or you can do it yourself using the following
simple procedure. To program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you will
need two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine). If two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys are not available (one or both of your original keys
were lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct mechanical key cut for
your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be programmed to your
vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys and
the new unprogrammed SecuriLocky key readily accessible for the
procedure. Please read and understand the entire procedure before you
begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the
ignition and turn the ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON
for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first SecuriLocky key from the
ignition.
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Controls and features
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the second
previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at least one second
but no more than five seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second SecuriLocky key
from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the
unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new key/valet key) into the ignition
and turn the ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at
least one second). This step will program your new SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat this procedure from
step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument cluster) will light for three seconds and then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will not operate the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash
on and off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the procedure from
step 1. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to have
the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
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Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjustable head restraints (if equipped)
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can be moved
up and down.
Push control to lower head restraint.
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of
injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.
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Seating and safety restraints
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
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Seating and safety restraints
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
The control is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.
Press front to raise or lower the
front portion of the seat cushion.
Press rear to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
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Seating and safety restraints
Memory seats (if equipped)
This system allows automatic
positioning of the driver seat to
three programmable positions.
SET
The memory seat control is located
on the driver door.
• To program position one, move
the driver seat to the desired
1
2
position using the seat controls.
Press the SET control. The SET
control indicator light will briefly
illuminate. While the light is illuminated, press control 1.
• To program position two, repeat the previous procedure using control
2.
• To program position three, repeat the previous procedure but press
controls 1 and 2 simultaneously.
A position can only be set or recalled when the transmission gearshift is
in Park or Neutral. A memory seat position may be programmed at any
time.
The memory seat positions are also recalled when you press your remote
entry transmitter UNLOCK control.
To program the memory seat to remote entry transmitter, refer to
Remote entry system in the Controls and features chapter.
Using the manual lumbar support
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the front of vehicle to move
the lumbar support forward for
more direct support.
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the rear of vehicle to move
the lumbar support back for less
direct support.
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Seating and safety restraints
Using the power lumbar support (if equipped)
The power lumbar control is located
on the outboard side of the seat.
Press one side of the control to
adjust firmness.
Press the other side of the control
to adjust softness.
REAR SEATS
Head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
Folding rear seats (if equipped)
If the rear seat is equipped with adjustable head restraints, they should
be placed in the full down position before folding the seat back down.
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Seating and safety restraints
1. Press the lower release control
downward to unlatch the seatback.
2. Rotate the seatback downward
into the load floor position.
3. Press down on the top outboard
area of the seatback until a click is
heard. The seat is now latched in
the floor position.
124
Seating and safety restraints
To return the seat to the upright
position:
• Press downward on the upper
corner of the seatback and hold.
• Pull the release handle upward to
unlatch the seat.
• Rotate the seatback upward until
the seatback latches in the
upright position. The seatback
will click when it is locked into
position.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
125
Seating and safety restraints
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a safety belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)
Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside shoulder.
3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
Energy Management Feature
• This vehicle has a safety belt system with an energy management
feature at the front passenger seating position to help further reduce
the risk of injury in the event of a head-on collision.
• This safety belt system has a retractor assembly that is designed to
pay out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is designed to
help reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.
126
Seating and safety restraints
After any vehicle collision, the safety belt system at all outboard
seating positions (except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified technician to verify
that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all safety belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the safety belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other safety belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
127
Seating and safety restraints
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
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Seating and safety restraints
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
After any vehicle collision, the front passenger outboard seat belt
system must be checked by a qualified technician to verify that
the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
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Seating and safety restraints
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
adjuster down. To raise the height
of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjuster to make sure it is locked in
place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short for you, even when fully
extended, 20 cm (8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by
adding a safety belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety
belt extension assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
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Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates1-2 minutes and the
warning chime sounds 4-8 seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The safety belt warning light and
indicator chime remain off.
Belt minder (if equipped)
The Belt Minder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the vehicle has
reached at least 5 km/h
(3 mph) and 1-2 minutes have
elapsed since the ignition
switch has been turned to
ON...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the safety belt
indicator light is illuminated
and the safety belt warning
chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The Belt Minder feature is activated the safety belt warning light
illuminates and the warning chime
sounds for 6 seconds every 30
seconds, repeating for approximately
5 minutes or until safety belt is
buckled.
The Belt Minder feature will not
activate.
The Belt Minder feature will not
activate.
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Seating and safety restraints
The purpose of the Belt Minder is to remind occasional wearers to wear
safety belts all of the time.
The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given...
9Crashes are rare events9
9I’m not going far9
9Belts are uncomfortable9
9I was in a hurry9
9Seat belts don’t work9
9Traffic is light9
9Belts wrinkle my clothes9
132
Consider...
36 700 crashes occur every day.
The more we drive, the more we are
exposed to 9rare9 events, even for
good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be
seriously injured in a crash during
our lifetime.
3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25
miles of home.
Ford designs its safety belts to
enhance comfort. If you are
uncomfortable - try different positions
for the safety belt upper anchorage
and seatback which should be as
upright as possible; this can improve
comfort.
Prime time for an accident. Belt
Minder reminds us to take a few
seconds to buckle up.
Safety belts, when used properly,
reduce risk of death to front seat
occupants by 45% in cars, and by
60% in light trucks.
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in
single-vehicle crashes, many when
no other vehicles are around.
Possibly, but a serious crash can do
much more than wrinkle your clothes,
particularly if you are unbelted.
Seating and safety restraints
Reasons given...
9The people I’m with don’t
wear belts9
9I have an air bag9
9I’d rather be thrown clear9
Consider...
Set the example, teen deaths occur 4
times more often in vehicles with
TWO or MORE people. Children and
younger brothers/sisters imitate
behavior they see.
Air bags offer greater protection when
used with safety belts. Frontal airbags
are not designed to inflate in rear and
side crashes or rollovers.
Not a good idea. People who are
ejected are 40 times more likely
to DIE. Safety belts help prevent
ejection, WE CAN’T 9PICK OUR
CRASH9.
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase the risk of
injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt
Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.
One time disable
Anytime the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an ignition
ON cycle, Belt Minder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the belt minder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the
deactivation/activation programming procedure.
The Belt Minder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• the parking brake is set
• the gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission).
• the ignition switch is in the OFF position
• all vehicle doors are closed
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Seating and safety restraints
• the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled
• the parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
with Autolamps, the Autolamps feature MUST be turned off.)
To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
Minder feature while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during Belt Minder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
seconds.
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable Belt Minder if it is currently enabled, or enable Belt
Minder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the
safety belt warning light four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the safety
belt warning light four times per second for three seconds, followed by
three seconds with the safety belt warning light off, then followed by
flashing the safety belt warning light four times per second for three
seconds again.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.
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Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
4
5
50 60 70
6
F
80
40
20
100
120
80
140
0 0 0 0 0 0
20
10
0 km/h
RPM x 1000
P
E
60
30
2
1
0
o o o o
40
3
H
C
90
160
180
100
110
120
R N D 2 1
VOL – PUSH ON
FM 1
AM
FM BASS TREB
CLK
ST
BAL FADE
AUTO
SET
PUSH
RSM
OFF
ON
SEEK
SET
ACC
OFF
COAST
TUNE
DISCS
SCAN
FF
2
REW
1
TAPE CD
EJ
DOLBY SYSTEM
SIDE 1-2
3
4
COMP
5
SHUFFLE
6
SRS
OFF
LO
HI
*A/C
*MAX
A/C
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford in the servicing of your vehicle
and may help Ford better understand real world collisions and further
improve the safety of future vehicles.
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Seating and safety restraints
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
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Seating and safety restraints
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
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Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Front air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts unless
the collision causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
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Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not function
again and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags).
• side air bags (if equipped). Refer to Side air bag system later in this
chapter.
• one or more impact and safing sensors.
• a readiness light and tone.
• diagnostic module.
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and/or light are repaired.
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Seating and safety restraints
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Side air bag system (if equipped)
Do not place objects or mount equipment on or near the air bag
cover on the side of the seatbacks of the front seats or in front
seat areas that may come into contact with a deploying air bag. Failure
to follow these instructions may increase the risk of personal injury in
the event of a collision.
Do not use accessory seat covers. The use of accessory seat
covers may prevent the deployment of the side air bags and
increase the risk of injury in an accident.
Do not lean your head on the door. The side air bag could injure
you as it deploys from the side of the seatback.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag
Supplemental Restraint System, its fuses or the seat cover on a
seat containing an air bag. See your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
wear their safety belts even when an air bag SRS is provided.
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Seating and safety restraints
How does the side air bag system work?
The side air bag system consists of
the following:
• An inflatable nylon bag (air bag)
with a gas generator concealed
behind the outboard bolster of
the driver and front passenger
seatbacks.
• A special seat cover designed to
allow airbag deployment.
• The same warning light,
electronic control and diagnostic
unit as used for the front air
bags.
• Two crash sensors located on the
“B” pillar.
Side air bags, in combination with
seat belts, can help reduce the risk of severe injuries in the event of a
significant side impact collision.
The side air bags are fitted on the outboard side of the seatbacks of the
front seats. In certain lateral collisions, the air bag on the side affected
by the collision will be inflated, even if the respective seat is not
occupied. The air bag was designed to inflate between the door panel
and occupant to further enhance the protection provided occupants in
side impact collisions.
The air bag SRS is designed to activate when the vehicle sustains lateral
deceleration sufficient to cause the sensors to close an electrical circuit
that initiates air bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not inflate in a collision does not mean that
something is wrong with the system. Rather, it means the forces were
not of the type sufficient to cause activation. Side air bags are designed
to inflate in side-impact collisions, not roll-over, rear-impact, frontal or
near-frontal collisions, unless the collision causes sufficient lateral
deceleration.
141
Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system
components get hot after
inflation. Do not touch them after
inflation.
If the side air bag has
deployed, the air bag will
not function again. The side
air bag system (including the
seat) must be inspected and
serviced by a qualified
technician in accordance with
the vehicle service manual. If
the air bag is not replaced, the
unrepaired area will increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light (same light as for front air bag system) will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not illuminate immediately after ignition is
turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
142
Seating and safety restraints
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
143
Seating and safety restraints
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all applicable Federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child
and provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer
seating posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the
tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
145
Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place a
rear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the
way back.
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
146
Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
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Seating and safety restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
A tethered seat can be installed in the front seat. Put the tether strap
over the seatback and attach it to an anchor bracket.
An anchor bracket can be installed on the rear edge of the front seat
cushion.
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Seating and safety restraints
The provision (attaching hole) is provided in the rear edge of the front
passenger seat cushion frame. The anchorbracket must be installed using
the instructions provided with the kit.
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln/Mercury dealer.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
149
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
150
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
• Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
If starting a vehicle with a manual
transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
• Push the clutch pedal to the
floor.
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
If there is difficulty in turning the
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
when:
• front wheels are turned
• front wheel is against the curb
4
3
5
2
1
151
Starting
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
F
30
20
1
ABS
50
40
RPMx1000
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
BRAKE
P
40
90
120
60
!
E
6
2
C
<FUEL DOOR
CHECK
FUEL CAP
5
140
000000
160
180
20
MPH
100
H
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
R N D 2 1
SPEED
CONT
L
110
H
4WD
LOW
L
THEFT
CHECK
SUSP
O/D
OFF
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
2. If the temperature is above –12°C
(10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
seconds and try again.
4
3
5
2
1
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
152
Starting
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
153
Starting
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
154
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check after you start
the engine and begin to drive away. A brief mechanical noise may be
heard during this test. This is normal. If a malfunction is found, the ABS
warning light will come on. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or
shudder in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
155
Driving
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
!
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the four wheel
ABS is required, apply continuous force on the brake. The four wheel
ABS will be activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient
space, will enable you to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a
controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
156
Driving
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
!
BRAKE
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Pull the release lever to release the
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level
(below the MIN mark on the reservoir).
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
157
Driving
•
•
•
•
•
underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
high crown in center of road
high crosswinds
wheels out of alignment
loose or worn components in steering linkage
AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The load leveling feature of the air suspension automatically keeps the
vehicle at a constant level if a load is added or removed from the vehicle.
This system maintains the vehicle height at a constant level by
automatically adding air or releasing air from the springs to offset
changes in vehicle loads.
When ever a door is opened (including the liftgate) the system
memorizes and maintains the height of the vehicle until all doors are
closed.
It is normal to hear a buzz or clicking from the air compressor on the
vehicle when the ignition is turned off. The system stays energized for
40 minutes after the ignition is turned off to compensate for any load
changes made after the vehicle is parked.
The air suspension shut-off switch is
located in the cargo area behind the
left rear quarter trim panel.
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
Normal vehicle operation does not
require any action by the driver.
PREPARING TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
158
Driving
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Your vehicle has special design and equipment features to make it
capable of performing in a wide variety of circumstances. These special
design features, such as larger tires and increased ground clearance, give
the vehicle a higher center of gravity than a passenger car.
Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of vehicle rollover, personal injury and death.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling people and cargo may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Use extra caution while becoming familiar with your vehicle. Know the
capabilities and limitations of both you as a driver and your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
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Driving
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting between forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
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Driving
Understanding gearshift positions
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift
lever is latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you
leave your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the gearshift lever.
O/D
ON/OFF
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Driving
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in
position. The O/D OFF indicator will illuminate on the instrument
the
cluster. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive)
provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control
To return to
switch. The O/D OFF indicator will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades. Transmission operates
only in Second gear.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
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Driving
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: third, second or first
gear.
Driving with a 5–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
Your automatic transmission electronically controls the shift feel by using
an adaptive learning strategy. This feature is designed to increase
durability, and provide consistent shift feel over the life of the vehicle. It
is normal for a new transmission to shift firmly. This operation is
considered normal and will not affect function or durability of the
transmission. Once the vehicle is at operating temperature it may take
several shifts at the same operating condition for the transmission to
properly adapt. Over time the adaptive learning process will fully update
transmission operation. The more varied the driving habits, speed and
torque, the longer it may take to adapt but the more complete the
process will be.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.
Understanding gearshift positions
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
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Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
backward. Always come to a
complete stop before shifting into
and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral), the vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold the brake
pedal down while in this position.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through five.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
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O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Driving
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in
the
(Overdrive) position. The TCIL will illuminate on the instrument
cluster. Transmission operates in gears one through four. Drive (O/D
OFF) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful
whenever driving conditions (i.e., city traffic, hilly terrain, etc.) cause the
(Overdrive) and other
transmission to excessively shift between
gears. Deactivate
(Overdrive) when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control
To return to
switch. The TCIL will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear and will
shift to 1 (First) after the vehicle decelerates to the proper vehicle
speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: fourth, third, second
or first gear.
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Driving
Driving a manual transmission (if equipped)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission have a starter interlock
that prevents Starting the engine
unless the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a
manual transmission:
1. Hold down the brake pedal.
2. Put the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral).
3. Depress the clutch pedal.
4. Start the engine and let it idle for a few seconds.
• Put the gearshift lever in 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
5. Release the clutch slowly while pressing gradually down on the
accelerator pedal.
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal. Do not use
the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions may reduce clutch life.
Parking
1. Apply the brake and shift into N
(Neutral).
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Driving
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
4. Turn the ignition to Off.
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
fully.
Recommended shift speeds
Upshifts when accelerating
(recommended for best fuel economy)
Shift from:
Transfer case position (if equipped)
AUTO or HIGH
LOW
1-2
14 km/h (9 mph)
5 km/h (3 mph)
2-3
32 km/h (20 mph)
11 km/h (7 mph)
3-4
50 km/h (31 mph)
19 km/h (12 mph)
4 -5 (Overdrive)
71 km/h (44 mph)
27 km/h (17 mph)
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
Shift from:
Transfer case position (if equipped)
AUTO or HIGH
LOW
1-2
16 km/h (10 mph)
6 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
26 km/h (16 mph)
10 km/h (6 mph)
3-4
43 km/h (27 mph)
16 km/h (10 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
68 km/h (42 mph)
26 km/h (16 mph)
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Driving
Shift from:
5 (Overdrive) - 4
4-3
3-2
2-1
Maximum downshift speeds
Transfer case position (if equipped)1
AUTO or HIGH
LOW
88 km/h (55 mph)
34 km/h (21 mph)
72 km/h (45 mph)
27 km/h (17 mph)
56 km/h (35 mph)
21 km/h (13 mph)
32 km/h (20 mph)
11 km/h (7 mph)
Reverse
Ensure that the vehicle is at a complete stop before shifting into R
(Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
Put the gearshift lever into N and wait at least several seconds before
shifting into R.
You can shift into R (Reverse) only by moving the gearshift lever from
left of 3 (Third) and 4 (Fourth) gears before you shift into R (Reverse).
This is a special lockout feature that protects you from accidentally
shifting into R (Reverse) when you downshift from 5 (Overdrive).
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see Preparing to drive your vehicle in this chapter.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system.
4WD High and 4x4 Low operation is not recommended on dry
pavement. Doing so could result in difficult disengagement of the
transfer case, increased tire wear and decreased fuel economy.
Control-Trac automatic four-wheel drive system (if equipped)
The 4WD system uses all four wheels to power the vehicle. This
increases traction, enabling you to drive your 4x4 over terrain and road
conditions not normally traveled by two-wheel drive vehicles.
Power is supplied to all four wheels through a transfer case that allows
you to select a four-wheel drive mode best suited for your current
driving conditions.
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Driving
Positions of the Control-Trac system
The Control-Trac system functions in three modes:
• The 4WD AUTO mode provides
4x4
four-wheel drive with full power
HIGH LOW
AUTO
delivered to the rear axle, and to
the front axle as required for
increased traction. This is
appropriate for normal on-road
operating conditions, such as dry
road surfaces, wet pavement,
snow and gravel.
• The 4WD HIGH mode provides
four-wheel drive with full power
to both axles. It is only intended
for severe winter or off-road
conditions, such as deep snow
and ice (where no dry or wet
pavement remains uncovered),
and shallow sand.
• The 4WD LOW mode supplies
four-wheel drive with full power
to both axles and includes a
lower gear ratio for low-speed. It
is only intended for off-road
applications that require extra
power including deep sand, steep
grades and pulling a boat and
trailer out of the water.
4x4
AUTO HIGH LOW
4x4
AUTO HIGH LOW
The vehicle should not be operated in 4WD HIGH and 4WD LOW
on dry or merely wet pavement. Doing so will produce excessive
noise, increase tire wear and may damage driveline components.
These modes are intended for use only on consistently slippery or
loose surfaces.
If your vehicle is equipped with 4WDor AWD, a spare tire of a
different size than the road tires should never be used. Such a
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Driving
tire could result in damage to driveline components and make the
vehicle difficult to control.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
Using the Control-Trac system
Shifting between 4WD AUTO and 4WD HIGH
When you move the control to 4WD
HIGH, the indicator light will
4x4
illuminate in the instrument cluster.
HIGH LOW
AUTO
When you move the control to 4WD
AUTO, the indicator light will turn
off.
Either shift can be done at a stop or
while driving at any speed.
Shifting from 4WD AUTO or 4WD HIGH to 4WD LOW
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
4x4
AUTO HIGH LOW
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral)
(automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the
4WD LOW position.
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Driving
Shifting from 4WD LOW to 4WD AUTO or 4WD HIGH
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
4x4
AUTO HIGH LOW
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral)
(automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the
4WD AUTO or 4WD HIGH position.
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by shifting
from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady
pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
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Driving
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts
and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
checked and changed, if necessary. The rear axle is filled with a
synthetic lubricant and does not normally require a lubricant change for
the life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities should not need to
be checked unless a leak is suspected.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces the strain on the engine.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
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Driving
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button (to resume speeds over 50 km/h
(30 mph).
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
(Overdrive)
into D (Drive).
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
ALL WHEEL DRIVE (AWD) SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
(5.0L ENGINES ONLY)
Your vehicle is equipped with a full-time All Wheel Drive (AWD) transfer
case. Power is supplied to all four wheels all the time with no need to
shift between two-wheel drive and four-wheel drive.
For the lubricant specification and refill capacity of the AWD transfer
case refer to Capacities and specifications chapter.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
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Driving
Driving off-road with AWD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by shifting
from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady
pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
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Driving
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts,
halfshafts and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts
causes an imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
checked and changed, if necessary. The rear axle is filled with a
synthetic lubricant and does not normally require a lubricant change for
the life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities should not need to
be checked unless a leak is suspected.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button (to resume speeds over 50 km/h
[30 mph]).
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Driving
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
(Overdrive) into
D (Drive).
Driving on snow and ice
An AWD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
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Driving
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Safety Certification Label, found on the driver’s door pillar, lists
several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding any
additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding weight
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Driving
to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added to the
cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve capacity
(FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front axle reserve
capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e. restrict the
number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and Front and rear
gross axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Special loading instructions for owners of pickup trucks and
utility-type vehicles
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see the Preparing to drive your vehicle section in
the Driving chapter of this owner guide.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling cargo and people may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
178
Driving
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims (for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission vent tube is
submerged may allow water into the transmission and cause
internal transmission damage.
TRAILER TOWING
Trailer towing with your vehicle may require the use of a trailer tow
option package.
Trailer towing puts additional loads on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires, and suspension. For your safety and to
maximize vehicle performance, be sure to use the proper equipment
while towing.
Follow these guidelines to ensure safe towing procedure:
• Stay within your vehicle’s load limits.
• Thoroughly prepare your vehicle for towing. Refer to Preparing to
tow in this chapter.
• Use extra caution when driving while trailer towing. Refer to Driving
while you tow in this chapter.
• Service your vehicle more frequently if you tow a trailer. Refer to the
severe duty schedule in the scheduled maintenance guide.
• Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
• Refer to the instructions included with towing accessories for the
proper installation and adjustment specifications.
179
Driving
Do not exceed the maximum loads listed on the Safety Compliance
Certification label. For load specification terms found on the label, refer
to Vehicle loading in this chapter. Remember to figure in the tongue
load of your loaded vehicle when figuring the total weight.
Trailer towing table (4x2 w/manual transmission)
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Trailer weight
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
range-kg
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
frontal area of
(lbs.)
ratio
(lbs.)
trailer-m2 (ft2)
(0-Maximum)
2-door
2 721
0-998
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.27
(6 000)
(0-2 200)
(50)
3 175
0-1 451
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.73
(7 000)
(0-3 200)
(50)
4-door
2 721
0-998
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.27
(6 000)
(0-2 200)
(50)
3 175
0-907
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.73
(7 000)
(0-3 000)
(50)
Notes: -For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300
meters (1 000 ft) elevation. For definitions of terms used in this table
and instructions on how to calculate your vehicle load, refer to Vehicle
loading in this chapter. Maximum trailer weights shown. The
combined weight of the completed towing vehicle and the loaded
trailer must not exceed the GCWR.
Towing a trailer over 1 588 kg (3 500 lbs.) requires a weight
distributing hitch.
180
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x4 w/manual transmission)
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Trailer weight
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
range-kg
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
frontal area of
(lbs.)
ratio
(lbs.)
trailer-m2 (ft2)
(0-Maximum)
2-door
3.27
2 721
0-907
4.64
4.0L OHV
(6 000)
(0-2 000)
(50)
3.55
2 948
0-1 134
4.64
4.0L OHV
(6 500)
(0-2 500)
(50)
3.73
3 175
0-1 361
4.64
4.0L OHV
(7 000)
(0-3 000)
(50)
4.10
3 175
0-1 361
4.64
4.0L OHV
(7 000)
(0-3 000)
(50)
4-door
2 948
0-1 043
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.55
(6 500)
(0-2 300)
(50)
3 175
0-1 270
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.73
(7 000)
(0-2 800)
(50)
Notes: - For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300
meters (1 800 ft) elevation. For definitions of terms used in this table
and instructions on how to calculate your vehicle load, refer to Vehicle
loading in this chapter. Maximum trailer weights shown. The
combined weight of the completed towing vehicle and the loaded
trailer must not exceed the GCWR.
Towing a trailer over 1 588 kg (3 500 lbs.) requires a weight
distributing hitch.
181
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 w/automatic transmission)
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Trailer Weight
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Range-kg
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
frontal area of
(lbs.)
ratio
(lbs.)
trailer-m2 (ft2)
0-Maximum
2-door
3.55
3 629
0-1 887
4.64
4.0L
(8 000)
(0-4 160)
(50)
3.73
4 082
0-2 341
4.64
4.0L OHV
(9 000)
(0-5 160)
(50)
4.0L
3.27
3 402
0-1 651
4.64
SOHC
(7 500)
(0-3 640)
(50)
4.0L
3.55
3 856
0-2 105
4.64
SOHC
(8 500)
(0-4 640)
(50)
4.0L
3.73
4 082
0-2 331
4.64
SOHC
(9 000)
(0-5 140)
(50)
4-door
3.55
3 629
0-1 796 (3 960) 4.64
4.0L OHV
(8 000)
(50)
3.73
4 082
0-2 250
4.64
4.0L OHV
(9 000)
(0- 4 960)
(50)
4 082
0-2 241
4.64
4.0L
3.55
SOHC
(9 000)
(0-4 940)
(50)
4 535
0-2 694
4.64
4.0L
3.73
(10 000)
(0-5 940)
(50)
SOHC
4.0L
4 535
0-2 694
4.64
4.10
SOHC
(10 000)
(0-5 940)
(50)
4 535
0-2640
4.64
5.0L
3.55
(10 000)
(0-5 820)
(50)
4 990
0-3 093
4.64
5.0L
3.73
(11 000)
(0-6 820)
(50)
182
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 w/automatic transmission)
Notes: For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. For definition of terms and instructions on
calculating your vehicle’s load, refer to Vehicle loading in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weights shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle and the loaded trailer must not exceed the
GCWR.
Towing a trailer over 1 588 kg (3 500 lbs.) requires a weight
distributing hitch.
Trailer towing table
(4x4 and AWD with automatic transmission)
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Trailer Weight
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Range-kg
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
frontal area of
(lbs.)
ratio
(lbs.)
trailer-m2 (ft2)
0-Maximum
2-door
3.73
4 082
0-2 250
4.64
4.0L OHV
(9 000)
(0-4 960)
(50)
4.10
4 082
0-2 250
4.64
4.0L OHV
(9 000)
(4 960)
(50)
4.0L
3.27
3 402
0-1 560
4.64
SOHC
(7 500)
(0-3 440)
(50)
4.0L
3.55
3 856
0-2 014
4.64
SOHC
(8 500)
(0-4 440)
(50)
4.0L
3.73
4 082
0-2 214
4.64
SOHC
(9 000)
(0-4 940)
(50)
4.0L
4.10
4 082
0-2 214
4.64
SOHC
(9 000)
(4 940)
(50)
4-door
4 082
0-2 159
4.64
4.0L OHV
3.73
(9 000)
(0-4 760)
(50)
4.0L
4 082
0-2 150
4.64
3.55
SOHC
(9 000)
(0-4 740)
(50)
183
Driving
4.0L
SOHC
4.0L
SOHC
5.0L
5.0L
Trailer towing table
(4x4 and AWD with automatic transmission)
4 535
0-2 604
4.64
3.73
(10 000)
(0-5 740)
(50)
4 535
0-2 604
4.64
4.10
(10 000)
(0-5 740)
(50)
4 535
0-2 549
4.64
3.55
(10 000)
(0-5 620)
(50)
4 990
0-3 003
4.64
3.73
(11 000)
(6 620)
(50)
Notes: For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. For definition of terms and instructions on calculating
your vehicle’s load, refer to Vehicle loading in this chapter. Maximum
trailer weights shown. The combined weight of the completed towing
vehicle and the loaded trailer must not exceed the GCWR.
Towing a trailer over 1 588 kg (3 500 lbs.) requires a weight
distributing hitch.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in
engine damage, transmission damage, structural damage, loss of
control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a load
carrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of
the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Use a frame-mounted weight distributing hitch for trailers over
1 588 kg (3 500 lb).
184
Driving
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains
under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are
safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Never connect any trailer lighting to the vehicle’s taillamp
circuits, because it may damage the electrical system resulting in
fire. Contact your local Ford dealership for assistance in proper trailer
tow wiring installation. Additional electrical equipment may be
required.
Using a step bumper
The rear bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires only a
ball with a 19 mm (3/4 inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a 1 590 kg
(3 500 lb.) trailer weight and 159 kg (350 lb.) tongue weight capability.
Use a frame-mounted weight distributing hitch for trailers over 1 590 kg
(3 500 lb).
185
Driving
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for
more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to
get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be no more than 10–15% of the
loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmissions) or N (Neutral)
(manual transmissions). This aids engine cooling and air conditioner
efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
186
Driving
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant anytime the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
Recreational towing (all wheels on the ground)
(Neutral tow kit accessory)
On vehicles equipped with a 4.0L engine, an accessory is available that
allows you to tow your vehicle, behind another vehicle, with all the
wheels on the ground. Contact your dealer for more details. Do not tow
your vehicle with all wheels on the ground unless you install the neutral
tow kit as vehicle damage may occur.
Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to tow
your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind a
recreational vehicle).
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not
damaged due to insufficient lubrication.
All Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) vehicles
This applies to all cars and 4x2 trucks/sport utilities with rear wheel
drive capability.
An example of recreational towing is towing your vehicle behind a
Motorhome. The following recreational towing guidelines are designed to
ensure that your transmission is not damaged.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph) must
be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Ford recommends the
driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified technician. See your
local dealer for driveshaft removal/installation.
187
Driving
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
RWD vehicles with 4x4 electronic shift transfer case or All Wheel
Drive (AWD) vehicles with automatic transmissions
Regarding recreational towing or having your vehicle towed, 4x4 vehicles
with electronic shift on the fly and AWD vehicles cannot be towed with
any wheels on the ground (with the exception of moving it as a disabled
vehicle off the road out of traffic).
LUGGAGE RACK
Maximum load is 90 kg (200 lbs), evenly distributed. If it is not possible
to distribute the load, position it as far rearward as possible. Adjustable
tie down loops must be used to secure the load.
To adjust cross-bar position:
1. Loosen the thumbwheel at both
ends of the cross-bar (both
cross-bars are adjustable).
2. Slide the cross-bar to the desired
location.
3. Tighten the thumbwheel at both ends of the cross-bar.
To remove the cross-bar assembly from the roof rack side rails:
1. Loosen the thumbwheel at both ends of the cross-bar (both cross-bars
are adjustable).
2. Slide the cross-bar to the end of the rail.
3. Use a long, flat object in order to depress the tongue in the endcaps
on both sides of the cross-bar.
4. Slide the assemblies off the end.
To reinstall the cross-bar assembly to the roof rack side rails:
1. Slide the cross-bar assemblies over the end cap tongue and into the
side rails.
2. Tighten thumbwheel at both ends of the cross-bar.
188
Roadside emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford offers a
complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is separate
from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest Ford dealership, or your
selling dealer if within 25 kms (15.5 miles) of the nearest Ford
Dealership (one tow per disablement). Even non-warranty related
tows, like accidents or getting stuck in the mud or snow, are covered
(some exclusions apply, such as impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, it is found in
the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford will
reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain information about
reimbursement, call 1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or
Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140.
Call 1–800–665–2006 in Canada.
189
Roadside emergencies
Roadside coverage beyond basic warranty
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, you may purchase additional coverage beyond the
basic coverage period by consulting the Ford Roadside Assistance Club
brochure or by calling 1–877–294–CLUB (1–877–894–2582).
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH RESET
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated.
190
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
by the kick panel.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
191
Roadside emergencies
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
192
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Roadside emergencies
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located on the left
hand side of the instrument panel
facing the driver’s side door. Pull the
panel cover outward to access the
fuses.
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
36
7
11
15
19
23
27
6
10
14
18
22
26
30
32
9
13
17
21
25
29
31
5
3
33
1
34
2
35
193
Roadside emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows:
194
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
Fuse Amp
Rating
7.5A
2
7.5A
3
7.5A
4
5
6
10A
10A
7.5A
7
7.5A
8
9
10
10A
7.5A
7.5A
11
12
7.5A
7.5A
13
20A
14
10A
15
7.5A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Power Mirror Switch, Power
Antenna, Memory Seat
Blower Motor Relay, Air Bag
Diagnostic Monitor
Left Stop/Turn Trailer Tow
Connector
Left Headlamp
Data Link Connector (DLC)
Rear Blower Motor (Without
EATC)
Right Stop/Turn Trailer Tow
Connector
Right Headlamp, Foglamp Relay
Brake Pedal Position Switch
Speed Control/Amplifier Assembly,
Generic electronic Module (GEM),
Shift Lock Actuator, Blend Door
Actuator, A/C - Heater Assembly,
Flasher, Overhead Console, Load
Leveling Module
Instrument Cluster
Washer Pump Relay, Rear Washer
Pump Relay
Brake Pedal Position Switch,
Brake Pressure Switch
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System
(4WABS) Module, 4WABS Main
Relay
Instrument Cluster
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
16
Fuse Amp
Rating
30A
17
18
25A
25A
19
20
25A
7.5A
21
22
23
24
15A
20A
—
7.5A
25
7.5A
26
10A
27
15A
28
7.5A
29
30
31
32
33
25A
15A
—
10A
15A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Windshield Wiper Motor, Wiper
Hi-Lo Relay, Wiper Run/Park
Relay
Cigar Lighter
Drivers Unlock Relay, All Unlock
Relay, All Lock Relay, Power Seats
PCM Power Diode
RAP Module, Generic Electronic
Module (GEM), Radio
Flasher (Hazard)
Auxiliary Power Socket
Not Used
Clutch Pedal Position (CPP)
Switch, Starter Interrupt Relay,
Anti-Theft
Generic Electronic Module
(GEM), Instrument Cluster,
Securi-Lock
Battery Saver Relay, Electronic
Shift Relay, Interior Lamp Relay,
Electronic Shift Control Module
DRL, Backup Lamps Switch, DTR
Sensor, Electric Shift
Generic Electronic Module
(GEM), Radio, Memory Seat
Radio
Park Lamp/Trailer Tow Relay
Not Used
Heated Mirror
Headlamps, Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) Module, Instrument
Cluster
195
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
34
35
36
Fuse Amp
Rating
7.5A
7.5A
7.5A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Rear Integrated Control Panel, CD
Rear Blower Motor (w/EATC)
EATC Memory, CD, Rear
Integrated Control Panel, Memory
Seat, Message Center
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment.
The power distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and care chapter.
196
Roadside emergencies
9
1
2
14
5
10
8
5
10
4
1
7
3
3
4
2
8
7
8
9
11
12
4
15
2
6
3
10
7
2
6
1
13
6
1
5
9
1
175
MEGAFUSE
The high-current fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
Fuse Amp
Rating
60A**
40A**
50A**
4
30A**
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
2
3
4
50A**
20A**
—
20A**
40A**
30A**
10A*
30A*
30A*
15A*
Power Distribution Box
Description
I/P Fuse Panel
Blower Motor Relay
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System
(4WABS) Module
Power Windows, Power Moon
Roof, Power Seat
Ignition Switch, Starter Relay
Transfer Case Relay
Not Used
Air Suspension
Air Suspension
PCM Power Relay
A/C Relay
Heated Seats
Heated Backlight
Fog Lamps and Daytime Running
Lamps
197
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
5
6
7
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
10A*
30A*
8
9
15A*
20A*
10
11
15A*
15A*
12
30A*
13
15A*
14
30A*
15
—
1
—
2
—
3
—
4
—
5
—
6
—
7
—
8
—
9
—
10
—
1
—
1
—
2
—
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
198
Power Distribution Box
Description
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module
4 Wheel Anti-Lock System
(4WABS) Module
Rear Wiper Motor
Fuel Pump Relay and RAP
Module
Horn Relay
Parklamps Relay and Mainlight
Switch
Mainlight Switch and
Multifunction Switch
Heated Oxygen Sensor, EGR
Vacuum Regulator, EVR Solenoid,
Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor,
Canister Vent Solenoid
Generator/Voltage Regulator
Not Used
Wiper Park Relay
A/C Relay
Wiper High/Low Relay
PCM Power Relay
Fuel Pump Relay
Starter Relay
Horn Relay
Rear Wipe Down Relay
Blower Motor Relay
Rear Wipe Up Relay
Not Used
DRL Diode
Electronic Engine Controls Diode
Roadside emergencies
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
Your vehicle is equipped with a 15” spare tire that must be used for
emergencies only. Vehicles equipped with 16” tires have a 16” spare tire.
The 15” spare tire is not as wide as a regular tire and is designed for
emergency use only. Replace this tire with a full-size tire as soon as
possible. The 16” spare tire is not equipped with wheel ornaments. The
wheel ornaments from the original wheel/tire may be used on the spare.
If your vehicle is equipped with 4WD or AWD, a spare tire of a
different size than the road tires should not be used. Such a tire
could result in damage to driveline components and make the
vehicle difficult to control.
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Tool
Spare tire
Jack, lug nut wrench
Jack handle
Location
Under the vehicle, just in front of
the rear bumper
Left rear quarter panel behind
interior access cover
(2 door models) behind rear seat
under carpet in the cargo floor
(4 door models) on the lower rear
seat base
199
Roadside emergencies
Removing the spare tire
1. Insert the jack handle into the
rear bumper opening.
The handle will stop moving and
forward resistance to turning will be
felt when properly engaged.
2. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground,
the tire can be slid rearward and the
cable is slightly slack.
3. Remove the retainer from the spare tire.
Stowing the spare tire
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing up.
2. Slide the wheel under the vehicle
and install the retainer through the
wheel center.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
jack handle ratchets when the tire is
raised to the stowed position. It will
not allow you to overtighten.
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
Refer to the instruction sheet for detailed tire change instructions.
200
Roadside emergencies
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park)
or in the reverse gear (manual
transmission) and turn engine OFF.
When one of the rear
wheels is off the ground,
the transmission alone will not
prevent the vehicle from moving
or slipping off the jack, even if the
transmission is in P (Park)
(automatic transmission) or
reverse (manual transmission).
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
4. Use the tip of the lug wrench to
remove any wheel trim.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut, but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
201
Roadside emergencies
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
6. Turn OFF the air suspension
switch (if equipped). Refer to Air
suspension system in the Driving
chapter.
7. Position the jack according to the following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the tire is a maximum of 25 mm (1 inch) off the
ground.
• Front
• Rear
202
Roadside emergencies
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
8. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
9. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts, cone side in, until the wheel is
snug against the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel
has been lowered.
10. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
11. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
3
4
5
2
12. Stow the flat tire, jack and lug
wrench. Make sure the jack is
fastened so it does not rattle when
you drive.
13. Turn ON the air suspension
switch (if equipped).
14. Unblock the wheels.
203
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will not effect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation to its
optimum shift feel.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
204
Roadside emergencies
Connecting the jumper cables
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
205
–
–
Roadside emergencies
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system.
Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as
grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
• Engines except 4.0L SOHC
+
+
–
–
206
Roadside emergencies
• 4.0L SOHC
+
+
–
–
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
207
Roadside emergencies
• Engines except 4.0L SOHC
+
–
–
+
+
–
–
208
+
• 4.0L SOHC
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
209
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
210
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
If equipped with air suspension, the air suspension control must be
turned to the OFF position.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground (without dollies) and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel
lift and dollies or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the ground.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
211
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a scheduled maintenance guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
the necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1 (First).
212
Maintenance and care
3. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
4. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in
neutral.
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
steering column on the instrument
panel.
213
Maintenance and care
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the auxiliary latch that is
located in the center between the hood and the grill.
3. Lift the hood until the lift cylinders hold it open.
214
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
4.0L OHV V6 engine
1
11
2
3
4
5
10
6
7
8
9
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Engine oil filler cap
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
9. Battery
10. Air filter assembly
11. Engine coolant reservoir
215
Maintenance and care
4.0L SOHC V6 engine
1
10
2
9
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Brake fluid reservoir
6. Power distribution box
7. Battery
8. Power steering fluid reservoir
9. Air filter assembly
10. Engine coolant reservoir
216
3
4
8
5
6
7
Maintenance and care
5.0L V8 engine
2
3
4
5
6
1
10
9
8
7
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
5. Brake fluid reservoir
6. Power distribution box
7. Battery
8. Power steering fluid reservoir
9. Engine oil dipstick
10. Air filter assembly
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
217
Maintenance and care
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park) (automatic transmissions) or 1 (First) (manual transmissions).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
• 4.0L V6 engines
ADD 1QT
FULL
MIN
MAX
• 5.0L V8 engine
MIN
218
MAX
Maintenance and care
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the ADD and FULL marks or between
the MIN and MAX marks (depending on application), the oil
level is acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the ADD
mark or MIN mark, add enough
oil to raise the level within the
ADD-FULL range or MIN-MAX
range.
• Oil levels above the letter F in FULL or the MAX mark may cause
engine damage. Some oil must be removed from the engine by a
service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark or the letter F in FULL on the engine oil level indicator
(dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
219
Maintenance and care
Engine oil and filter recommendations
SAE 5W-30 engine oil is recommended
Look for this certification
trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API certification trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the scheduled maintenance guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
220
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
MAX
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant specifications
in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
221
Maintenance and care
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch fluid level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide
for the service interval schedules.
During normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir should
remain constant. If the fluid level drops, refill the fluid level to the step
in the reservoir.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specifications. Refer
to Capacities and specifications.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical if irritation
persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting. Seek
medical attention immediately.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap and rubber
diaphragm from reservoir.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the step in the reservoir.
4. Reinstall rubber diaphragm and
cap onto reservoir.
222
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
SHER FL
WA
UID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
ONLY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to
Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Checking and adding washer fluid for the liftgate
Washer fluid for the liftgate is supplied by the same reservoir as the
windshield.
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
Your engine’s cooling system has been factory-filled with a 50/50 mixture
of distilled water and Ford G05 Engine Coolant (yellow in color) per ford
specification WSS-M97B51–A1.
223
Maintenance and care
A 50/50 mixture of distilled water and Ford G05 Engine Coolant
provides:
• maximum cooling system efficiency.
• freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• an accurate temperature readout from the engine coolant
gauge.
The engine coolant must be maintained at the correct fluid level
and concentration to work properly. If the engine coolant fluid
level and concentration is not maintained correctly, damage to
the engine and cooling system may result.
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
UID
SHER FL
WA
ONLY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
• Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
224
Maintenance and care
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its
specified function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A. Use only Ford G05
Engine Coolant WSS—M97B51–A1 (in Canada, Motorcraft
CXC-10) or a premium engine coolant that meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44-A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544-AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
reservoir. If engine coolant is sprayed onto the windshield, it
could make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir, until the coolant is at the
“cold fill level” or within the “cold fill range” as listed in the engine
coolant reservoir (depending upon application).
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
225
Maintenance and care
• Engine coolant concentrations above 60% or below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the reservoir before you drive your vehicle the
next few times (with the engine cool). If necessary, add a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” or within the
“cold fill range” as listed on the reservoir (depending upon application).
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
To avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from being released from
the engine cooling system, never remove the reservoir cap while
the engine is running or hot. Failure to follow this warning may result
in damage to the engine’s cooling system and possible severe personal
injury.
If you must remove the coolant cap, follow these steps to avoid personal
injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44-A. Use of a recycled engine coolant which
does not meet the Ford specification may harm engine and cooling
system components.
226
Maintenance and care
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• it may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• it is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
227
Maintenance and care
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the scheduled maintenance
guide for the service interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use
only MERCONt ATF.
• 4.0L OHV V6 engine
• 4.0L SOHCV6 engine
DO N
OW FLUIDEER
ER ST
228
P
ING
OVER FILOL T
Maintenance and care
• 5.0L V8 engine
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. If your vehicle is equipped with a 4.0L OHV V6 engine, check the
fluid level on the dipstick. It should be within the FULL HOT range. Do
not add fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If your vehicle is equipped with a 4.0L SOHC V6 or a 5.0L V8
engine, check the fluid level in the reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add fluid if the level is within this range.
6. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the correct operating range. Be sure to put the
cap back on the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been operated for
an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or
229
Maintenance and care
pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30 minutes to
allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the outside temperatures are
above 10°C (50°F).
H
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating temperatures
66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal operating
temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20 miles) of
driving. However, you can check the fluid without driving if the ambient
temperatures are above 10°C (50°F). If fluid is added at this time, an
overfill condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
H
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
230
Maintenance and care
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
H
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
H
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
Checking automatic transmission fluid (if equipped)
Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
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Maintenance and care
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km
(20 miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
ADD
232
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by
an overheating condition.
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
concerns and/or possible
damage.
233
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid (if equipped)
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be at bottom of
the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug
securely.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
234
Maintenance and care
CHECKING AND ADDING TRANSFER CASE FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
235
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.
236
Maintenance and care
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and
lead compunds. Wash hands after handling.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
237
Maintenance and care
RN
LE
TU
AD
RE
• The vehicle may need to be driven to relearn the idle and fuel trim
strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
trim is eventually relearned.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will not affect function or durability of the transmission. Over time the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation to its
optimum shift feel.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
238
Maintenance and care
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place until a click is heard.
REAR WINDOW WIPER BLADES
Refer to Windshield Wiper Blades in this section for more information
on rear wiper blades.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
239
Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
240
Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label or the Tire Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the scheduled maintenance guide. If you notice that
the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels.
• 15’’ Four tire rotation
241
Maintenance and care
• 16’’ Five tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
242
Maintenance and care
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
USING SNOW TIRES AND TRACTION DEVICES
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all-weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, using snow tires and traction
devices may be necessary. Ford offers tire cables as a Ford approved
accessory and recommends use of these or their equivalents. See your
dealer or qualified service technician for more information on tire cables
for your vehicle.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and traction devices:
• Install cables securely, verifying that the cables do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the cables rub or bang against the
vehicle, stop and retighten them. If this does not work, remove the
cables to prevent vehicle damage.
• Avoid overloading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire cables when they are no longer needed.
• Do not use cables on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from the vehicle when
using snow tires and traction devices.
• Do not exceed 48 km/h (30 mph) with tire cables on your vehicle.
Consult your dealer for information on other Ford approved methods of
traction control.
243
Maintenance and care
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
244
Maintenance and care
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
245
Maintenance and care
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with
pump (R+M)/2 octane rating of 87.
We do not recommend the use of
(R+M)/2 METHOD
gasolines labeled as “Regular” that
are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
246
Maintenance and care
Many of the world’s automakers
issued the World-wide Fuel Charter
that recommends gasoline
specifications to provide improved
performance and emission control
system protection for your vehicle.
Gasolines that meet the World-wide
Fuel Charter should be used when
available. Ask your fuel supplier
about gasolines that meet the
World-wide Fuel Charter. In Canada,
look for fuels that display the Auto Makers’ Choicey logo.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality. These gasolines may contain oxygenates up to 10%
ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Check Engine” indicator may come on. For more information on
the “Check Engine” indicator, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
247
Maintenance and care
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on after you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate
intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles)
of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
248
Maintenance and care
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
section of the Capacities and specifications chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and should
not be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling your
vehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be
able to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of the
fuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,
an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow no more than 2 automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
249
Maintenance and care
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
250
Maintenance and care
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle scheduled maintenance guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
251
Maintenance and care
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with applicable
exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic converter and
other emission control components continue to work properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your scheduled maintenance guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the scheduled maintenance
guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Check Engine” light, charging system warning light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
252
Maintenance and care
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Foglamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
253
Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in
OFF position, then lift hood and
open the hinged headlamp cover.
LIFT
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
3. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) to free it
from the bulb socket, and slide the
ring off the plastic base. Keep the
ring to retain the new bulb.
4. Remove the old bulb from the
lamp assembly by gently pulling it
straight back out of the lamp
assembly.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
254
Maintenance and care
If the bulb is accidentally touched, it should be cleaned with rubbing
alcohol before being used.
1. With the flat side of the new bulb’s plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the lamp assembly. You may need to turn
the bulb left or right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the
tabs in the lamp assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb
into the lamp assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the
lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Install the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until it
snaps, locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal/sidemarker bulbs
5. Remove two screws from the
lamp assembly.
6. Disengage lamp assembly.
7. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
8. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
9. Install bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
10. Align the parking lamp studs
with the plastic grommets on the
vehicle and push to snap in place.
11. Install two screws on lamp assembly.
255
Maintenance and care
Replacing tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs are located in the tail lamp
assembly, one just below the other. Follow the same steps to replace
either bulb:
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the two screws from the
lamp assembly.
3. Carefully remove the lamp
assembly by pulling it rearward.
4. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
5. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket and push in the new bulb.
6. To complete installation, follow the removal procedure in reverse
order.
Replacing foglamp bulbs
1. Remove the bulb socket from the
foglamp by turning
counterclockwise.
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in the foglamp turning clockwise.
256
Maintenance and care
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
1. Remove two screws and the
license plate lamp assembly from
the liftgate.
2. Pull the bulb out from lamp
assembly and push in the new bulb.
3. Install the lamp assembly on
liftgate with two screws.
Replacing high-mount brake lamp bulbs
1. Remove the two screws and move
the lamp assembly away from the
liftgate.
2. Disconnect the washer hose.
3. Remove the bulb holder from the
lamp assembly by depressing the
snaps.
257
Maintenance and care
4. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket and push in the new bulb.
To complete installation, follow the
removal procedure in reverse order.
USING THE RIGHT BULBS
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs
must be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an
“E” for Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern
and safe visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly
or void the lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn
time.
Function
Number of bulbs
Trade number
Park/turn lamps
2
3157 NAK (amber)
(front)
Headlamps
2
9007
Rear stop/tail lamps
2
3157K
Rear turn lamps
2
3156K
2
Rear license plate
3156K/168
lamps
Backup lamp
2
3156K
Rear/turn/sidemarker
2
916 NA (amber)
Fog lamp
2
899
Cargo lamp
1
211-2
Interior overhead lamp
1
912 (906)
Front door courtesy
1
168
lamp
Map lamps
2
168 (T10)
Ashtray lamp
1
161
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
258
Maintenance and care
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Any gasoline spilled on the vehicle or deposits such as bird droppings
should be washed and sponged off as soon as possible. Deposits not
removed promptly can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Waxing your vehicle on a regular basis will reduce minor scratches and
paint damage.
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
259
Maintenance and care
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use a cleaning fluid with a
clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing your vehicle. Use tar
remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield, or on any surfaces which appear
coarse or bumpy. If you have wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), Lacquer
Touch-up Paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or Exterior Acrylic Spray
Lacquer (#ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line.
Please note that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with
your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on
the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
260
Maintenance and care
• 5.0L
• 4.0L SOHC
261
Maintenance and care
• 4.0L OHV
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Cleaning non-painted plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
262
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. If
necessary, use a tar remover such as Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road
Oil Remover (B7A-19520–AA).
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades, windshield and rear window
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield or rear window such as tree sap and some
hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of
the windshield or rear window with a non-abrasive cleaner such as Ford
Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner, (E4AZ-19C507–AA), available from your
Ford Dealer. Do not use abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause
scratches. The windshield or rear window is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water. The windshield, rear window and wiper
blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning seats equipped with side air bags
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Follow the directions that come with
the cleaner. Do not saturate the seat cover with upholstery cleaner.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the seat mounted side air bag. Such products could contaminate
the side air bag system and affect performance of the side air bag in a
collision.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
263
Maintenance and care
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
Cleaning the instrument cluster lens
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the lens.
Cleaning the overhead console
Clean with a damp cloth, then wipe dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the console. The dull
finish in this area helps protect the driver from undesirable windshield
reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with water and a mild soap.
Wipe the leather again with a damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry
with a soft cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford recommends using
the Deluxe Leather Care Kit F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from
your Ford Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the leather
and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the instructions on the cleaner
label. Regular cleaning of your leather upholstery helps maintain its
resiliency and color.
264
Maintenance and care
Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions,
solvents or cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
Woodtone trim
Wipe stains with a soft cloth and a multi-purpose cleaning solution.
Inside windows
Use Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside
windows if they become fogged.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or abrasive materials. Use a
soft cloth and mild detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the reflective surface.
265
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter
element
Fuel filter
Battery
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
4.0L OHV V6
engine
FA-1658
4.0L SOHC V6
engine
FA-1658
5.0L V8 engine
FA-1658
FG-986B
BXT-65-650
FL-1A
EV-225
AGSF-22PP
FG-986B
BXT-65-650
FL-1A
EV-225
AGSF-22PP
FG-986B
BXT-65-650
FL-820S
EV-152
AWSF-32EE
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
** If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must be reinstalled in the
same cylinder. If a spark plug needs to be replaced, use only spark plugs
with the service number suffix letter as shown on the engine decal.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake fluid
Engine oil
(including filter
change)
Fuel tank
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
N/A
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
4.7L
(5.0 quarts)
2 door
66.2L
(17.5 gallons)
75.5L
(21.0 gallons)
Fill to line on
reservoir or
dipstick
4 door
Power steering
fluid
266
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
All
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Transmission
fluid 1
Transfer case
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Application
Capacity
5-speed manual
2.6L
(5.6 pints) 2
13.1L
(13.9 quarts)
4R70W
Automatic with
5.0L V8 engine
5R55E
Automatic with
4.0L OHV V6
engine (4x2)
5R55E
Automatic with
4.0L OHV V6
engine (4x4)
5R55E
Automatic with
4.0L SOHC V6
engine (4x2)
5R55E
Automatic with
4.0L SOHC V6
engine (4x4)
4WD
AWD
Engine coolant
4
Premium Engine 4.0L OHV V6
Coolant
engine
4.0L SOHC V6
engine
5.0L V8 engine
9.3L
(9.8 quarts)
3
3
9.5L
(10.0 quarts)
3
9.5L
(10.0 quarts)
3
9.8L
(10.3 quarts)
3
1.4L
(1.5 quarts)
1.25L
(1.3 quarts)
11.4L
(12.0 quarts)
13.2L
(14.0 quarts)
14.9L
(15.7 quarts)
267
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Front axle
lubricant
Rear axle
lubricant 5
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
75W-140 High
Performance
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
4x4 vehicles
1.7L
(1.8 quarts)
Refer to
Footnote 6
2.9-3.1L
(5.5-5.8 pints)
Refer to
Footnote 7
All
2.6L
(2.7 quarts)
1
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your scheduled maintenance
guide to determine the correct service interval.
2
Service refill capacity is determined by filling the transmission to the
bottom of the filler hole with the vehicle on a level surface.
3
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
4
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
5
Fill to 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below bottom of fill hole.
268
Capacities and specifications
6
Vehicles equipped with 4.0L OHV V6 and4.0L SOHC V6 engines may be
equipped with a conventional rear axle. Refer to your scheduled
maintenance guide for axle fluid change intervals.
7
Vehicles equipped with 4.0L OHV V6 and4.0L SOHC V6 engines and
3.73:1 or 4.10:1 rear axle ratios or with a 5.0L V8 engine require
synthetic rear axle lubricant. Rear axles containing synthetic lubricant
are lubricated for life. These lubricants are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or service is required. The axle lubricant
should be changed any time the axle has been submerged in water.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill
of Traction-Lok axles.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Body hinges,
latches, door
striker plates
and rotors, seat
tracks, fuel filler Multi-Purpose
door hinge and Grease
spring, hood
latch, auxiliary
latch, seat
tracks
High
Hydraulic clutch Perfromance
fluid and brake DOT 3 Motor
fluid
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Driveshaft, slip
Premium Long
spline, universal
Life Grease
joints
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
D0AZ-19584-AA
ESB-M1C93-B or
or
ESR-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
XG-1-C or
XG-1-T or
XG-1-K
ESA-M1C75-B
269
Capacities and specifications
Item
Engine coolant
1
Engine oil
Automatic
transmission
2
Power steering
fluid
Ford
conventional and
Traction-Lok
rear axles
Front axle
(4X4)
Transfer case
(4X4)
5-speed manual
transmission
Transfer case
Front Output
Slip Shaft
270
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Motorcraft SAE
5W-20 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
MotorcraftSAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON tATF
3, 4, 5
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
E2FZ-19549-AA
(in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-8-B)
ESE-M97B44-A
XO-5W20-QSP
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-H
with API
Certification
Mark
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
3, 4, 5
3, 4, 5
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XG-1-C or
Premium
XG-1-T or
Long-Life Grease
XG-1-K
ESA-M1C75-B
Capacities and specifications
Item
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Ultra-clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
1
DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant F6AZ-19544-AA,
meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D (orange in color) Refer to
Adding engine coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your scheduled maintenance
guide to determine the correct service interval.
3
4.0L vehicles with conventional rear axles are filled with Motorcraft
SAE 80W-90 Premium Rear Axle Lubricant, part number XY-80W90-QL,
Ford specification WSP-M2C197-A.
4
4.0L vehicles with limited slip differentials and all 5.0L applications use
rear axles that are filled with Motorcraft SAE 75W-140 High Performance
Synthetic Rear Axle Lubricant, part number F1TZ-19780-B or equivalent
meeting Ford specification WSL-M2C192-A.
5
4.0L vehicles with limited slip differentials and all 5.0L applications
must add 118 ml (4 oz) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A to the rear axle
whenever the axle has been serviced.
271
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression
ratio
4.0L OHV V6
engine
245
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056
inch)
EDIS
9.0:1
4.0L SOHC V6
engine
245
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056
inch)
EDIS
9.7:1
5.0L V8 engine
302
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056
inch)
EDIS
9.15:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Maximum
height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Front track
(5) Rear track
2-Door 4x2 XL Model
mm (in.)
4 608 (181.4)
1 783 (70.2)
1 704 (67.1)
2-Door 4x4 Sport
Model mm (in.)
4 608 (181.4)
1 783 (70.2)
1 779 (70.0)*
2 585 (101.8)
1 486 (58.5)
1 487 (58.5)
2 585 (101.8)
1 486 (58.5)
1 487 (58.5)
* Height includes roof rack
Dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Maximum
height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Front track
(5) Rear track
272
4-Door 4x2 XL Model
mm (in.)
4 857 (191.2)
1 783 (70.2)
1 719 (67.7)
4-Door 4x4 XLT
Model mm (in.)
4 857 (191.2)
1 783 (70.2)
1 793 (70.6)*
2 835 (111.6)
1 486 (58.5)
1 487 (58.5)
2 835 (111.6)
1 486 (58.5)
1 487 (58.5)
Capacities and specifications
* Height includes roof rack
4
1
3
5
2
273
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification Label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification Label may be located.
The Certification Label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. (Please note that
in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
274
Customer assistance
Ford Extended Service Plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items)
• protection against repair costs after your Bumper to Bumper Warranty
expires
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules vary. See your
dealer for details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection throughout
the United States and Canada, provided by a network of more than 5,000
participating Ford or Lincoln Mercury and Ford of Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options, or visit the Ford ESP website at
www.ford-esp.com.
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. When you need warranty repairs your selling dealer
would like you to return to it for that service, but you may also take your
vehicle to another Ford Motor Company or Ford of Canada dealership
authorized for warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs require special
training though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty
repairs. That means that depending on the warranty repair needed, the
vehicle may need to be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership
can not assist you, then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
275
Customer assistance
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Assistance Center.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada dealerships also carry quality
parts and accessories, providing you with equipment reliability.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
276
Customer assistance
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Assistance Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP), available in all of Canada (except
Quebec).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
277
Customer assistance
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. only)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance as designed
concerns on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln
Mercury light trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written
new vehicle warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
278
Customer assistance
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
279
Customer assistance
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
#6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. Oral presentation may
be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or
by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
280
Customer assistance
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces, except
Quebec. For more information, without charge or obligation, call your
CAMVAP Provincial Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
281
Customer assistance
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD CAR CARE PRODUCTS FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your dealer to clean your
vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products have been
specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom
designed to complement the style and appearance of your vehicle. Each
product is made from high quality materials and that meet or exceed
Ford’s rigid specifications. For best results, use the following or products
of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only)
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
282
Customer assistance
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of Ford accessories are available for your vehicle
through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln Mercury or Ford of Canada
dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically engineered to
fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to complement
the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each
accessory is made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds
Ford’s rigid engineering and safety specifications. Ford accessories are
warranted for up to 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) on all cars
and light trucks and 12 months with unlimited distance on medium/heavy
duty trucks unless the accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the
warranty becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty or the
accessories warranty, whichever is greater. See your dealer for complete
warranty information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Cargo nets
Cargo organizers
Cargo shades
Engine block heaters
Tire step
283
Customer assistance
Travel equipment
Automatic headlamps with daytime running lights (DRL)
Daytime running lights (DRL)
Factory luggage rack adaptors
Fog lights
Framed luggage covers
Heavy-duty battery
Home link visor
Inside mirror, electrochromic compass (with and without temperature
display)
Luggage/cargo basket
Neutral towing transfer case kit (Explorer 4.0L only)
Removable luggage rack
Removable luggage rack adapters
Running boards
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Track rider bars (for luggage rack)
Trailer hitch (Class III)
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch mount bike carrier
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Trailer lamp wiring
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Car/truck covers
Cargo liners, interior
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Door edge guards
284
Customer assistance
Front end covers (full and sport)
Hood deflectors
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Rear air deflectors
Rear decklid spoilers
Side window air deflectors
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall or cause the transmission to be
damaged or operate improperly. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
285
Customer assistance
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
286
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
287
Index
A
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ........135–136, 140
and child safety seats ............137
description ......................136, 140
disposal ....................................143
driver air bag ..................138, 141
indicator light ...........10, 139, 142
operation .........................138, 141
passenger air bag ...........138, 141
side air bag ..............................140
Air cleaner filter .......................266
Air conditioning ..........................22
automatic temperature
control system ..........................25
rear seat controls .....................31
Air suspension ...........................158
description ..............................158
warning light .............................12
All Wheel Drive (AWD),
driving off road .........................173
Ambulance packages ....................3
Antifreeze
(see Engine coolant) ................223
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) ......................155–156
Anti-theft system
warning light .............................11
Armrests ....................................105
Audio system (see Radio) .........35
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive .........................160, 163
fluid, adding ....................229, 231
fluid, checking ................229, 231
fluid, refill capacities ..............266
288
fluid, specification ..................272
Auxiliary power point ...............104
Axle
lubricant specifications ..269, 272
refill capacities ........................266
traction lok ..............................176
B
Battery .......................................236
acid, treating emergencies .....236
charging system
warning light .............................11
jumping a disabled battery ....204
maintenance-free ....................236
replacement, specifications ...266
servicing ..................................236
voltage gauge ............................16
Belt minder ...............................131
Brakes ........................................155
anti-lock ...........................155–156
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light .........10, 156
brake warning light ..................10
fluid, checking and adding ....221
fluid, refill capacities ..............266
fluid, specifications .........269, 272
lubricant specifications ..269, 272
parking ....................................156
shift interlock ..........................159
Break-in period .............................3
C
Capacities for refilling fluids ....266
Cargo area shade ......................106
Cargo cover ...............................106
CD changer .................................77
Index
Certification Label ....................274
Child safety restraints ..............143
child safety belts ....................143
Child safety seats ......................144
in front seat ............................146
in rear seat ..............................146
tether anchorage hardware ...148
Cleaning your vehicle ...............259
engine compartment ..............260
exterior ............................260, 262
exterior lamps .........................263
instrument cluster lens ..........264
instrument panel ....................263
interior .............................263–264
mirrors .....................................265
plastic parts ............................262
safety belts ..............................264
washing ....................................259
waxing .....................................259
wheels ......................................262
windows ..................................265
wiper blades ............................263
woodtone trim ........................265
Climate control (see Air
conditioning or Heating) ............22
Clock ..........................41, 47, 57, 70
Clutch
fluid ..........................................222
operation while driving ..........166
recommended shift speeds ....167
Compass, electronic ....................92
calibration .................................94
set zone adjustment .................93
Console ......................................103
overhead ....................................90
rear ..........................................104
Controls
power seat ...............................120
steering column ........................89
Coolant
checking and adding ..............223
refill capacities ................227, 266
specifications ..................269, 272
Cruise control
(see Speed control) ....................82
Customer Assistance ................189
Ford accessories for your
vehicle .....................................282
Ford Extended Service Plan ...275
Getting assistance outside
the U.S. and Canada ..............281
Getting roadside assistance ...189
Getting the service
you need .................................275
Ordering additional owner’s
literature .................................286
The Dispute Settlement
Board .......................................278
Utilizing the
Mediation/Arbitration
Program ...................................281
D
Daytime running lamps
(see Lamps) ................................21
Defrost
rear window ..............................33
Dipstick
automatic transmission
fluid ..................................229, 231
engine oil .................................217
Doors
door ajar warning .....................12
lubricant specifications ..........269
Driveline universal joint
and slip yoke .............................235
289
Index
Driving under special
conditions ..........................172, 175
mud ..........................171–172, 174
sand .................................172, 174
snow and ice ...171, 173–174, 176
through water .........172, 174, 179
E
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................204
Emission control system ..........252
Engine ........................................272
check engine/service engine
soon light ....................................8
cleaning ...................................260
coolant .....................................223
idle speed control ...................236
lubrication
specifications ..................269, 272
refill capacities ........................266
service points ..................215–217
starting after a collision .........190
Engine block heater .................153
Engine oil ..................................217
checking and adding ..............217
dipstick ....................................217
filter, specifications ........220, 266
recommendations ...................220
refill capacities ........................266
specifications ..................269, 272
Exhaust fumes ..........................153
F
Floor mats .................................105
Fluid capacities .........................266
Foglamps .....................................21
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles ..12, 168
290
control trac .......................33, 168
description ......................169–170
driving off road ...............171, 174
electronic shift ..........................33
preparing to drive your
vehicle .....................................158
Fuel ............................................244
calculating fuel
economy ............................18, 248
cap .......................................9, 247
capacity ...................................266
choosing the right fuel ...........246
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................251
detergent in fuel .....................247
filling your vehicle
with fuel ..................244, 247, 249
filter, specifications ........248, 266
fuel pump shut-off switch .....190
gauge .........................................16
improving fuel economy ........248
octane rating ...................246, 272
quality ......................................246
running out of fuel .................247
safety information relating
to automotive fuels ................244
Fuses ..................................191, 193
G
Garage door opener ..............90, 94
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ........9, 247
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) .................248
Gauges .........................................14
battery voltage gauge ...............16
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................14
engine oil pressure gauge ........16
fuel gauge ..................................16
Index
odometer ...................................15
speedometer .............................14
tachometer ................................15
trip odometer ............................15
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Rating) .......................................176
calculating ...............................178
definition .................................176
driving with a heavy load ......176
location ....................................176
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating) .......................................176
calculating .......................176, 178
definition .................................176
driving with a heavy load ......176
location ....................................176
H
Hazard flashers .........................190
Head restraints .................119, 123
Headlamps ...................................21
aiming ......................................259
autolamp system .......................99
bulb specifications ..................258
daytime running lights .............21
flash to pass ..............................22
high beam ...........................11, 21
replacing bulbs .......................254
turning on and off ....................21
warning chime ..........................13
Heating ........................................22
heating and air conditioning
system .......................................22
HomeLink universal
transceiver (see Garage
door opener) .........................94–98
Hood ..........................................213
I
Ignition .................................81, 272
Infant seats
(see Safety seats) .....................144
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ..............................253
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................263
cluster ..................................8, 264
lighting up panel
and interior ...............................22
location of components ..............8
J
Jack ............................................199
positioning ...............................199
storage .....................................199
Jump-starting your vehicle ......204
K
Keyless entry system ...............112
autolock ...................................114
keypad .....................................112
locking and unlocking
doors ................................113–114
programming entry code .......113
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............13
positions of the ignition ...........81
L
Lamps
bulb replacement
specifications chart ................258
cargo lamps ...............................22
daytime running light ...............21
291
Index
fog lamps ...................................21
headlamps .................................21
headlamps, flash to pass ..........22
instrument panel, dimming .....22
replacing bulbs ...............253–257
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................81
Liftgate ......................................105
Lights, warning and indicator ......8
air bag ........................................10
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ....10, 156
anti-theft ...................................11
brake ..........................................10
charging system ........................11
check coolant ............................11
check engine ...............................8
cruise indicator .........................13
door ajar ....................................12
fuel cap light ...............................9
high beam .................................11
overdrive off ..............................12
safety belt .................................10
speed control ............................86
turn signal indicator .................11
Load limits .................................176
GAWR ......................................176
GVWR ......................................176
trailer towing ..........................176
Loading instructions .................178
Locks
autolock ...................................114
childproof ................................102
Lubricant specifications ...269, 272
Lumbar support, seats .....122–123
M
Manual transmission .................166
fluid capacities ........................266
292
lubricant specifications ..........272
reverse .....................................168
Message center ...........................17
english/metric button ...............17
reset button ..............................18
system check button ................19
Mirrors
automatic dimming
rearview mirror .......................100
cleaning ...................................265
fold away .................................103
heated ......................................103
side view mirrors (power) .....102
Moon roof ....................................91
Motorcraft parts ................248, 266
O
Octane rating ............................246
Odometer .....................................15
Off-Road Driving .......................174
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................217
P
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ..............................108
Parking brake ............................156
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....266
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................196
Power door locks ......................101
Power steering ..........................157
fluid, checking and adding ....228
fluid, refill capacity ................266
fluid, specifications .........269, 272
Index
Preparing to drive
your vehicle ...............................158
R
Radio ............................................35
Relays ........................................191
Remote entry system .......107–108
illuminated entry ....................112
locking/unlocking doors .........108
panic alarm .............................108
replacement/additional
transmitters .............................111
replacing the batteries ...........110
Reverse sensing system .............33
Roof rack ...................................188
S
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ....................13, 125–130
Safety defects, reporting ..........287
Safety restraints ................125–130
belt minder .............................131
cleaning the safety belts .......135,
264
extension assembly ................130
for adults .........................126–129
for children .............................143
warning light and
chime ...................10, 13, 130–131
Safety seats for children ..........144
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ..................................125
Seats ..........................................119
child safety seats ....................144
cleaning ...........................263–264
memory seat ...................109, 122
SecuriLock passive
anti-theft system ...............116–117
Servicing your vehicle ..............212
Snowplowing .................................3
Spark plugs, specifications ......266,
272
Special notice ................................3
ambulance conversions ..............3
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart,
lubricants ...........................269, 272
Speed control ..............................82
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle ........150, 152
jump starting ..........................204
Steering wheel
controls ......................................89
tilting .........................................87
T
Tachometer .................................15
Tires ...........................199, 239–241
changing ..........................199–200
checking the pressure ............241
replacing ..................................242
rotating ....................................241
snow tires and chains ............243
tire grades ...............................240
treadwear ................................240
Towing ...............................179, 241
recreational towing .................187
trailer towing ..........................179
wrecker ....................................211
Traction-lok rear axle ...............176
Transfer case
fluid checking .........................235
293
Index
Transmission .............................159
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .....................229, 231
fluid, checking and adding
(manual) .................................234
fluid, refill capacities ..............266
lubricant specifications ..269, 272
manual operation ....................166
Trip odometer .............................15
Turn signal ............................11, 81
V
Vehicle dimensions ...................272
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................274
Vehicle loading ..........................176
Ventilating your vehicle ...........154
294
W
Warning chimes ...........................13
Warning lights (see Lights) .........8
Washer fluid ..............................223
Water, Driving through .............179
Windows
power .......................................100
rear wiper/washer .....................88
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers ..........................................88
checking and adding fluid .....223
checking and cleaning ....238–239
liftgate reservoir .....................223
operation ...................................87
replacing wiper blades ...........239
Wrecker towing .........................211
Filling station information
Item
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity (2 door)
Fuel tank capacity (4 door)
4.0L Engine oil capacity (includes
filter change)
4.6L Engine oil capacity (includes
filter change)
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Coolant capacity-(4.0L OHV V6
engine) 1
Coolant capacity-(4.0L SOHC V6
engine) 1
Coolant capacity (5.0L V8 engine)
Information
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
66.2L (17.5 gallons)
75.5L (22.5 gallons)
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
SAE 5W-30 Super Premium Motor
Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
SAE 5W-20 Super Premium Motor
Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Refer to the Certification Label on
inside of driver’s door.
Pull handle under the instrument
panel.
11.4L (12.0 quarts)
13.2L (14.0 quarts)
14.9L (15.7 quarts)
1
Power steering fluid capacity
Fill to line on reservoir or dipstick.
Use Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
Manual transmission fluid capacity 2.6L (5.6 pints). Use Motorcraft
2
MERCONt ATF.
Automatic transmission fluid
13.1L (13.9 quarts). Use
capacity (4R70W with 5.0L V8
Motorcraft MERCONt V ATF. 3
2
engine)
Automatic transmission fluid
9.5L (10.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
capacity (4x2 vehicles with 5R55E MERCONt V ATF. 3
and 4.0L V6 engines) 2
Automatic transmission fluid
9.8L (10.3 quarts). Use Motorcraft
capacity (4x4 vehicles with 5R55E MERCONt V ATF. 3
and 4.0L V6 engines 2
295
Filling station information
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your scheduled maintenance
guide to determine the correct service interval.
3
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
296
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