INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual

INDIGO AV Mixer
User Manual
Software Version 1.2.2
000 219 419 800
August 2007 / Revision 2
Affiliate with the N.V. KEMA in The Netherlands
CERTIFICATE
Certificate Number: 510040.001
The Quality System of:
Grass Valley, Inc.
400 Providence Mine Road
Nevada City, CA 95945
United States
15655 SW Greystone Ct.
Beaverton, OR 97006
United States
10 Presidential Way
rd
3 Floor, Suite 300
Woburn, MA 01801
United States
Nederland B.V.
4800 RP BREDA
The Netherlands
Weiterstadt, Germany
Brunnenweg 9
D-64331 Weiterstadt
Germany
Rennes, France
Rue du Clos Courtel
Cesson-Sevigne, Cedex
France
Technopole Brest Iroise
CS 73808
29238 Brest Cedex 3
France
17 rue du Petit Albi-BP 8244
95801 Cergy Pontoise
Cergy, France
2300 South Decker Lake Blvd.
Salt Lake City, UT 84119
United States
7140 Baymeadows Way
Suite 101
Jacksonville, FL 32256
United States
Including its implementation, meets the requirements of the standard:
ISO 9001:2000
Scope:
The design, manufacture and support of video hardware and software products and
related systems.
This Certificate is valid until:
This Certificate is valid as of:
Certified for the first time:
June 14, 2009
August 30, 2006
June 14, 2000
H. Pierre Sallé
President
KEMA-Registered Quality
The method of operation for quality certification is defined in the KEMA General Terms
And Conditions For Quality And Environmental Management Systems Certifications.
Integral publication of this certificate is allowed.
2
KEMA-Registered Quality, Inc.
4377 County Line Road
Chalfont, PA 18914
Ph: (215)997-4519
Fax: (215)997-3809
CRT 001 073004
Accredited By:
ANAB
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Contacting Grass Valley
On the www.thomsongrassvalley.com web site you get further information
on Grass Valley and our products.
For Sales and Service, please contact your local dealer.
To find the account representative, dealer, or distributor nearest you, go to
www.thomsongrassvalley.com/sales.
END-OF-LIFE PRODUCT RECYCLING NOTICE
Grass Valley’s innovation and excellence in product design also extends to the programs we’ve established to
manage the recycling of our products. Grass Valley has developed a comprehensive end-of-life product take
back program for recycle or disposal of end-of-life products. Our program meets the requirements of the European Union’s WEEE Directive and in the United States from the Environmental Protection Agency, individual state
or local agencies.
Grass Valley’s end-of-life product take back program assures proper disposal by use of Best Available Technology. This program accepts any Grass Valley branded equipment. Upon request, a Certificate of Recycling or a
Certificate of Destruction, depending on the ultimate disposition of the product, can be sent to the requester.
Grass Valley will be responsible for all costs associated with recycling and disposal, including freight, however
you are responsible for the removal of the equipment from your facility and packing the equipment
ready for pickup.
For further information on the Grass Valley product take back system please contact Grass
Valley at + 800 80 80 20 20 or +33 1 48 25 20 20 from most other countries. In the US
and Canada please call 800-547-8949 or 530-478-4148. Ask to be connected to the
EH&S Department. In addition, information concerning the program can be found at:
www.thomsongrassvalley.com/environment
CE Conformity
This product is in conformity with the following standards, corresponding
to the provisions of 89/336/EEC and 73/23/EEC:
Standard
EN 55103-1; -2 / Class A
EN 55022 / Class A
EN 61000-4-2
EN 61000-4-3
Version
1997-06
2000-05
2001-12
2001-12
Standard
EN 61000-4-4
EN 61000-4-5
EN 61000-4-6
EN 61000-4-11
Version
2002-07
2001-12
2001-12
2001-4-11
Find the detailed Declaration of Conformity on the CD shipped with your
INDIGO AV Mixer.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
3
Copyrights
Copyright © Grass Valley Germany GmbH 2007. All Rights Reserved.
Portions of this software are copyright © 2007, The FreeType Project
(www.freetype.org). All rights reserved.
Portions of this software are copyright © 1991-1998, The Independent JPEG
Group, Thomas G. Lane. All rights reserved.
Portions of this software are copyright © 1998-2007 by Bill Spitzak and
others (www.fltk.org). All rights reserved.
This product incorporates copy protection technology that is protected by
U.S. and foreign patents, including patent numbers 5,315,448 and 6,836,549,
and other intellectual property rights. The use of Macrovision's copy protection technology in the product must be authorized by Macrovision.
Reverse engineering or disassembly is prohibited.
4
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Table of Contents
Section 1 — Safety Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
1.1
Safety Terms and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1.1
Terms in this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1.2
Terms on the Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1.3
Symbols on the Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.2
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.3
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Section 2 — Welcome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1
2.2
2.3
13
About this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Related Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Section 3 — Connections
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.1
Rear Panel Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Electric Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.1
AC Power Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.2
Ground Screw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3
Rackmount Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
Video Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.1
Video Inputs Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.2
Video Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3
Video Outputs Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.4
Video Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5
Analog Ref Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6
Audio Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.1
Audio Inputs Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.2
Audio Input Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.3
Audio Outputs Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.4
Audio Output Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.5
AES/EBU Pin Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7
Monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7.1
Program Monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7.2
Preview Monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7.3
Auxiliary Monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8
USB Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9
Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9.1
DVI-I to VGA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9.2
DVI-I to DVI-D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9.3
DVI-I to HDMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.10 Tally/GPI/GPO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
17
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
22
23
23
23
25
25
26
28
28
28
28
29
29
29
29
29
30
5
Table of Contents
Section 4 — Initial Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
Power-On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
33
34
35
Section 5 — Basic Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.1
Overview of Control Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.1
Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.2
Touch Screen with Digipots. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.3
Delegation Subpanel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.4
Crossbars for Bus and Source Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.5
Main Transitions Subpanel with Transition Lever Arm . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.6
Numeric Input Subpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.7
Audio Control Subpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.8
Joystick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2
Selecting Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.1
Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.2
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3
Video Processing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.1
Transitions, Effects, and Keying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.2
Making a Background Transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.3
Making a Title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.4
Making a Chroma Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.5
Making an Effect Transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.6
Making a PiP (Picture in Picture) in SD Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.7
Making a PiP (Picture in Picture) in HR Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.8
Making a PiP within a PiP in HR Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4
Audio Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.1
Mic Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.2
Stereo Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.3
Adjusting Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
37
38
39
40
41
43
44
45
46
46
47
48
48
55
56
58
59
60
61
61
64
65
65
65
Section 6 — Tutorials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
6.1
Tutorial 1—Small Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.1
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.2
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.3
Result. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.4
How to Set Up a Small Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
68
69
70
71
Section 7 — Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
7.1
General Handling of the Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1.1
Menu Navigation and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1.2
Virtual Numeric Keypad and Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1.3
Onscreen Preview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1.4
Auto Menu Delegation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2
Transition Main Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2.1
SD/HR Effects Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2.2
Duration Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3
Keyer Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
73
74
75
76
77
77
78
82
83
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Table of Contents
7.4
Audio Mixer Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
7.4.1
Mixer Submenu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
7.4.2
Channel Adjust Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
7.4.3
Monitor Submenu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
7.5
Media Player Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
7.5.1
Remote Control Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
7.5.2
Favorites Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
7.6
E-MEM Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
7.7
Correction/Mattes Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
7.7.1
Color Correction Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
7.7.2
Mattes Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
7.8
Stills Store Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
7.9
Setup Main Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
7.9.1
System Submenu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
7.9.2
Video Submenu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
7.9.3
Audio Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
7.9.4
Control Panel Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
7.9.5
GPIO Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
7.9.6
External Devices Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
7.10 Load/Save Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Section 8 — Network Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1
8.2
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Setting Up a Network Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Section 9 — External Devices
9.1
9.2
147
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Players and Recorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Linear Editors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Section 10 — Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
151
10.1 CF Card / Software Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.2 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.3 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4 Calibrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.1 Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.2 Transition Lever Arm (T-Bar) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.3 Faders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4.4 Joystick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
151
154
154
155
155
156
157
157
Section 11 — Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
159
Section 12 — Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
161
12.1
12.2
12.3
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Environmental Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Mechanical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
7
Table of Contents
Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
8
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
1
Safety Summary
Read and follow the important safety information below, noting especially
those instructions related to risk of fire, electric shock or injury to persons.
Additional specific warnings not listed here may be found throughout the
manual.
WARNING Any instructions in this manual that require opening the equipment cover
or enclosure are for use by qualified service personnel only. To reduce the
risk of electric shock, do not perform any servicing other than that contained in the operating instructions unless you are qualified to do so.
1.1 Safety Terms and Symbols
1.1.1 Terms in this Manual
Safety-related statements may appear in this manual in the following
form:
WARNING Warning statements identify conditions or practices that may result in
personal injury or loss of life.
CAUTION Caution statements identify conditions or practices that may result in
damage to equipment or other property, or which may cause equipment
crucial to your business environment to become temporarily non-operational.
1.1.2 Terms on the Product
The following terms may appear on the product:
DANGER — A personal injury hazard is immediately accessible as you read
the marking.
WARNING — A personal injury hazard exists but is not immediately acces-
sible as you read the marking.
CAUTION — A hazard to property, product, and other equipment is present.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
9
Section 1 — Safety Summary
1.1.3 Symbols on the Product
The following symbols may appear on the product:
Indicates that dangerous high voltage is present within the
equipment enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to
constitute a risk of electric shock.
Indicates that user, operator or service technician should refer
to product manual(s) for important operating, maintenance,
or service instructions.
This is a prompt to note fuse rating when replacing fuse(s).
The fuse referenced in the text must be replaced with one
having the ratings indicated.
Identifies a protective grounding terminal which must be connected to earth ground prior to making any other equipment
connections.
Identifies an external protective grounding terminal which
may be connected to earth ground as a supplement to an
internal grounding terminal.
Indicates that static sensitive components are present which
may be damaged by electrostatic discharge. Use anti-static
procedures, equipment and surfaces during servicing.
10
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Warnings
1.2 Warnings
The following warning statements identify conditions or practices that can
result in personal injury or loss of life.
Dangerous voltage or current may be present — Disconnect power and remove
battery (if applicable) before removing protective panels, soldering, or
replacing components.
Do not service alone — Do not internally service this product unless another
person capable of rendering first aid and resuscitation is present.
Remove jewelry — Prior to servicing, remove jewelry such as rings, watches,
and other metallic objects.
Avoid exposed circuitry — Do not touch exposed connections, components or
circuitry when power is present.
Use proper power cord — Use only the power cord supplied or specified for
this product.
Ground product — Connect the grounding conductor of the power cord to
earth ground.
Operate only with covers and enclosure panels in place — Do not operate this
product when covers or enclosure panels are removed.
Use correct fuse — Use only the fuse type and rating specified for this
product.
Use only in dry environment — Do not operate in wet or damp conditions.
Use only in non-explosive environment — Do not operate this product in an
explosive atmosphere.
High leakage current may be present — Earth connection of product is essential
before connecting power.
Double pole neutral fusing — Disconnect mains power prior to servicing.
Avoid mechanical hazards — Allow the fan to come to a stop before servicing.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
11
Section 1 — Safety Summary
1.3 Cautions
The following caution statements identify conditions or practices that can
result in damage to equipment or other property.
Do not open the device — Unauthorized opening will void warranty.
Use correct power source — Do not operate this product from a power source
that applies more than the voltage specified for the product.
Provide proper ventilation — To prevent product overheating, provide equip-
ment ventilation in accordance with installation instructions. Do not
deposit any papers beneath the device — they could affect ventilation.
Place device only on a flat surface.
Use anti-static procedures — Static sensitive components are present which
may be damaged by electrostatic discharge. Use anti-static procedures,
equipment, and surfaces during servicing.
Do not use CF card with a PC — The CF card is specially formatted. The software stored on the CF card could be deleted.
Do not operate with suspected equipment failure — If you suspect product
damage or equipment failure, have the equipment inspected by qualified
service personnel.
Route cable properly — Route power cords and other cables so that they are
not likely to be damaged. Properly support heavy cable bundles to avoid
connector damage.
Use correct power supply cords — Power cords for this equipment, if provided,
meet all regional electrical codes. Operation of this equipment at voltages
exceeding 130 VAC requires power supply cords which comply with
NEMA configurations. International power cords, if provided, have the
approval of the country of use.
Use correct replacement battery — This product contains a battery. To reduce
the risk of explosion, check polarity and replace only with the same or
equivalent type recommended by manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries
according to the battery manufacturer’s instructions.
The unit does not contain any user serviceable parts. If problems arise,
please contact your local dealer.
12
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
2
Welcome
Welcome to the INDIGO AV Mixer. The INDIGO AV Mixer uniquely
combines the advanced features of a video production switcher, a seamless
switcher, and an audio mixer.
Figure 1. The INDIGO AV Mixer
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
13
Section 2 — Welcome
Key features of your INDIGO AV Mixer:
•
Live seamless switching of video, computer, and audio sources
•
Mix digital and analog sources
•
Upconvert/downconvert multiple video channels between High Resolution (HR) and SD
•
SD/HR simulcast output
•
Pre-programmable video layouts with keyers for picture-in-picture
and other effects
•
Digital effects with 2D and 3D transformations, including page turns,
ripples, and swirls
•
Linear/luminance and chroma keyers
•
Integrated control of the Grass Valley Turbo™ intelligent digital disk
recorder (iDDR) and other devices
•
Stereo analog and AES/EBU audio
•
SDI audio de-embedding and re-embedding
•
Four-band parametric equalizer and motordriven audio faders
•
Simple audio-follow-video mode
•
Intelligent audio-delay management for live production lip sync
2.1 About this Manual
This User Manual is intended to help you understand how your INDIGO
AV Mixer works and how to work with it.
In addition to explaining basic functionality (Basic Operation on page 37),
hardware (Connections on page 17) and software, it also provides practical
hints. The Tutorials on page 67 may give you a good starting point for creating your own setups.
The section Menus on page 73 explains the basic navigation and organization of the menus and provides a quick reference to all their functions and
buttons.
This User Manual also provides further details on how to operate the
INDIGO AV Mixer in a network (Network Operation on page 147) and how
to operate external devices (External Devices on page 149).
The section Maintenance on page 151 explains how to clean the INDIGO
AV Mixer, how to calibrate its operating elements, and how to update the
software.
Finally, the section Troubleshooting on page 159 provides tips and tricks for
dealing with most common problems on your INDIGO AV Mixer.
14
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Related Documents
2.2 Related Documents
You will find the complete User Manual and all Release Notes (as published so far) on the CD-ROM included in the INDIGO AV Mixer
package. It provides you with comprehensive information about your
INDIGO AV Mixer.
Users who have a general understanding of how a video/audio mixer
works and who want to start immediately, should review the
Quick Start Guide.
Additionally, you will find the following information at
www.thomsongrassvalley.com:
•
Online versions of Documentation — Current versions of product
catalogs, brochures, data sheets, ordering guides, planning guides,
manuals, and release notes in .pdf format are available for download.
•
FAQ Database — Search our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) database to find quick answers to common questions and troubleshoot
problems.
•
Software Downloads — Software updates, drivers, and patches are
available for download.
2.3 Before You Begin
Check whether your INDIGO AV Mixer package is complete. The following items are included:
•
INDIGO AV Mixer device
•
Two power supply cables (US and Continental Europe)
•
Tally/GPI/GPO breakout box + cable (if ordered)
•
Digital Audio breakout cable (if ordered)
•
HiRes Board (if ordered)
•
CD-ROM with the User Manual in different languages
•
Multilingual Quick Start Guide
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
15
Section 2 — Welcome
16
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
3
Connections
3.1 Rear Panel Overview
The following figure shows the rear panel of the INDIGO AV Mixer with
its various connectors:
35"/54
Figure 2. Rear panel of the INDIGO AV Mixer
Note
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
All Sub-D connectors of the INDIGO AV Mixer use SAE inch threads, not
ISO/DIN metric threads.
17
Section 3 — Connections
3.2 Electric Power Supply
3.2.1 AC Power Cable
Use the power cable to connect the power inlet of the INDIGO AV Mixer
to the wall outlet.
Note
If required, ask your dealer for an appropriate power cable.
3.2.2 Ground Screw
Use the ground screw to connect the unit to the ground terminal.
Figure 3. The ground screw
3.3 Rackmount Connections
You can install your INDIGO AV Mixer in a rack using telescopic rails.
For this purpose, the device is equipped with four M5 cage nuts underneath.
Figure 4. Cage nuts for rackmounting
CAUTION To avoid damages of the unit, only use screws with a maximum length of
10 mm (0.39 inch).
18
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Connections
3.4 Video Connections
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides various analog and digital video inputs
and outputs. Via the optional HiRes board you can also make use of HD
inputs and outputs as well as internal upscaled and downscaled signals.
3.4.1 Video Inputs Overview
The following figure shows the video inputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer:
Figure 5. Video input connections
3.4.2 Video Inputs
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides various inputs for video, both analog
and digital.
Note
The system can perform auto frame synchronizing for all video inputs, so
there is no requirement for genlocking.
The following inputs are available:
•
12 SDI inputs, the first 6 supporting also analog formats
Supported analog formats:
•
PAL B, G, H, I, M, N; Pal 60
•
NTSC, NTSC M, NTSC 4.43
Supported digital formats:
•
•
ITU-R-656 (SMPTE 259M-1997) with embedded audio (SMPTE
272M-1994)
6 CVBS (Composite) inputs
Note
The CVBS inputs share connectors with the first 6 SDI inputs.
•
4 S-Video inputs, aliased with the first 4 SDI inputs
•
2 IEEE 1394 (Firewire) inputs
Note
The firewire inputs will replace the SDI inputs 11 and 12.
Note
The Firewire connectors can also be configured as outputs.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
19
Section 3 — Connections
HiRes Board
The optional HiRes board additionally provides the following video
inputs:
•
2 DVI-I inputs with a resolution of up to 1920x1080 pixels
•
2 HD-SDI inputs with a resolution of 1080i or 720p
Note
Using an appropriate adapter, analog VGA signals can also be input via the
DVI-I connectors (see DVI-I to VGA on page 29).
3.4.3 Video Outputs Overview
The following figure shows the video outputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer:
Figure 6. Video output connections
3.4.4 Video Outputs
The outputs listed below are sorted by sections (as labeled on the rear
panel), in order to allow a quick and easy overview.
Section PGM OUT
The PGM OUT section provides the following outputs, which can be used
concurrently:
•
2 x SDI
•
2 x CVBS (Composite)
•
1 x S-Video
Section PREVIEW OUT
The PREVIEW OUT section provides the following outputs, which can be
used concurrently:
20
•
1 x SDI
•
1 x CVBS (Composite)
•
1 x S-Video
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Connections
Section AUX
The AUX section provides the following outputs, which can be used concurrently:
•
3 x SDI
•
3 x CVBS (Composite)
Note
AUX outputs cannot be used in bypass mode and are always re-clocked/
timed.
Section IEEE 1394 (Firewire)
The Firewire section provides 2 outputs.
Note
The Firewire connectors can also be configured as inputs.
Section COMPUTER VIDEO OUT (HiRes Board)
The optional HiRes board additionally provides the following video outputs:
•
2 DVI-I outputs with a resolution of up to 1920x1080 pixels
Note
•
DVI only provides progressive signals.
2 downscaled outputs
The downscaled outputs provide HR versions of PGM OUT and
PREVIEW OUT and are internal resources. Select one or two inputs
out of the 12 available inputs.
Note
Each downscaled output will replace one SDI input (11 = PGM, 12 = PVW).
Note
Using an appropriate adapter, also analog VGA signals can be output via the
DVI-I connectors (see DVI-I to VGA on page 29).
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
21
Section 3 — Connections
3.5 Analog Ref Connections
The Analog Ref section provides two Black Burst outputs to sync external
equipment, i.e. the INDIGO AV Mixer can be used as sync generator for
the rest of the production system.
It also provides a Black Burst input with a loop through connector to sync
the INDIGO AV Mixer to an external reference signal.
Use a terminating resistor of 75 Ohm if you connect a signal but do not
loop it through.
Note
The Analog Ref connectors cannot be used as inputs or outputs for video
signals.
Figure 7. Analog Ref connections
22
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Audio Connections
3.6 Audio Connections
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides various analog and digital audio inputs
and outputs.
3.6.1 Audio Inputs Overview
The following figure shows the audio inputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer:
35"/54
Figure 8. Audio input connections
Note
All XLR connectors of the INDIGO AV Mixer correspond to
IEC 61076-2-103. Only use corresponding plugs, for example, NEUTRIK.
Plugs that do not match this standard may become stuck in the jack.
3.6.2 Audio Input Types
You can connect various analog and digital audio input signals to the
INDIGO AV Mixer.
Note
The maximum amount of concurrently usable audio channels is 8.
Analog Audio Input
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides the following connections for analog
audio input:
•
2 x RCA (unbalanced)
•
4 x TRS 1/4’’ (balanced)
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
23
Section 3 — Connections
Microphone / Line In
The LINE/MIC IN section provides combined XLR/TRS 1/4’’ connectors
as inputs:
•
4 x XLR
•
4 x TRS 1/4’’ (the TRS 1/4’’ phone connectors are located in the middle
of the combined connectors and can be used instead of XLR)
XLR
TRS 1/4’’
Figure 9. Combined XLR/TRS 1/4’’ connector
Note
Phantom power (+48 V DC) can be activated for Line/Mic inputs 1/2 and 3/4.
Note
The LINE/MIC IN inputs can be amplified (see Mixer Submenu on page 97).
Digital Audio Input
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides the following connections for digital
audio input:
•
6 x AES/EBU (25-pin Sub-D connector, section DIGITAL AUDIO I/O)
De-embedded/Embedded Audio (SDI)
Audio can also be derived (de-embedded) from up to six SDI video inputs
(see Audio Submenu on page 129).
For all SDI outputs, audio is embedded in Main and Sub channels in pairs
1+2 and 3+4.
Note
24
De-embedded audio signals may be automatically delayed according to their
related video signals to avoid offset when being processed and re-embedded
on output.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Audio Connections
3.6.3 Audio Outputs Overview
The following figure shows the audio outputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer:
35"/54
Figure 10. Audio output connections
3.6.4 Audio Output Types
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides various analog and digital audio outputs.
Analog Audio Output
The outputs listed below are sorted by sections (as labeled on the rear
panel), in order to allow a quick and easy overview:
Section ANALOG AUDIO MAIN OUT
These outputs can be used concurrently:
•
1 x XLR (balanced)
•
1 x RCA (unbalanced)
Section SUB-OUT
Sub-Out is a fully featured mixing unit. These outputs are similar to
Main Out, but additionally provide delayed output functionality (for
example, for a second pair of speakers in the middle of a bigger area or
hall). They can be used concurrently:
•
1 x RCA (unbalanced)
•
1 x TRS 1/4’’ (unbalanced)
Headphones
There are 2 headphones connectors, one on the top panel and one on the
rear panel. The headphone connectors may also be used for monitoring,
when connecting speakers instead of headphones.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
25
Section 3 — Connections
Digital Audio Output
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides the following connections for digital
audio output:
•
2 x AES/EBU (25-pin connector, section DIGITAL AUDIO I/O)
Note
The first digital output provides the same audio signal as section ANALOG
AUDIO MAIN OUT.
The second digital output provides the same audio signal as section
SUB-OUT.
Additionally, the SDI outputs of PGM OUT (Section PGM OUT on
page 20) provide embedded audio (Channel 1+2 = Main, 3+4 = Sub).
Note
There is no audio processing for HR sources.
3.6.5 AES/EBU Pin Out
Digital audio I/O are available over SD-SDI or AES/EBU. The pin out for
the AES/EBU connector is shown below.
IN1+
IN1com
IN1-
IN2+
IN2com
IN2-
IN3+
IN3com
IN3-
IN4+
IN4com
IN4-
IN5+
IN5com
IN5-
IN6+
IN6-
OUT1+
IN6com
OUT1-
OUT2+
OUT2com
OUT2-
OUT1com
AES/EBU DSUB 25 pins female
2x Digital Output, 6x Digital Input
Figure 11. AES/EBU pin out
26
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Audio Connections
The following table shows the pin assignment grouped by inputs and outputs:
Digital Audio Input
1
2
3
4
5
6
Digital Audio Output
1
2
Note
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Description
Pin
IN1+
1
IN1-
14
IN1com
2
IN2+
15
IN2-
3
IN2com
16
IN3+
4
IN3-
17
IN3com
5
IN4+
18
IN4-
6
IN4com
19
IN5+
7
IN5-
20
IN5com
8
IN6+
21
IN6-
9
IN6com
22
Description
Pin
OUT1+
10
OUT1-
23
OUT1com
11
OUT2+
24
OUT2-
12
OUT2com
25
The optional adapter INDIGO1-AUDIO_CABLE connects two XLR outputs
and six XLR inputs with the 25pin AES/EBU connector of your INDIGO AV
Mixer. The cable length is three meters.
27
Section 3 — Connections
3.7 Monitors
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides program, preview, and auxiliary
monitor outputs.
3.7.1 Program Monitors
Program monitors are connected to the outputs in the PGM OUT section.
You can connect up to five program monitors in parallel.
Figure 12. Program monitor connections
3.7.2 Preview Monitors
Preview monitors are connected to the outputs in the PREVIEW OUT
section. You can connect up to three preview monitors in parallel.
Figure 13. Preview monitor connections
3.7.3 Auxiliary Monitors
Use the connectors of the AUX section to output special signals, for
example, a single keyer signal, to check on a separate monitor. You can
connect up to three auxiliary monitors in parallel.
Figure 14. Preview monitor connections
28
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
USB Ports
3.8 USB Ports
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides 3 USB ports: one on the rear panel and
two on the top panel.
Note
The USB port on the rear panel is for future use and currently without function.
The USB ports on the top panel allow you to connect USB devices like USB
sticks or USB drives to store and load data (for example, user settings or
images).
Figure 15. USB ports on the top panel
Note
To ensure proper function, use only USB sticks that are tested and confirmed
by GrassValley.
3.9 Adapters
3.9.1 DVI-I to VGA
The DVI-I outputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer provide both DVI and VGA
signals. If you want to connect standard VGA monitors you need an
appropriate adapter or breakout cable.
3.9.2 DVI-I to DVI-D
You do not need an adapter to connect DVI-D devices to the DVI-I inputs
and outputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer.
3.9.3 DVI-I to HDMI
You can use conventional adapters to connect HDMI devices to the DVI-I
inputs and outputs of the INDIGO AV Mixer.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
29
Section 3 — Connections
3.10 Tally/GPI/GPO
Use the GPI / TALLY / GPO 50-pin Sub-D connector to control external
devices via relays, or to send and receive control signals and events.
Figure 16. GPI / TALLY / GPO connector
The GPI / TALLY / GPO connector provides:
•
16 outputs, usable as tally out or GPO
This lets you open and close connections between two corresponding
pins of the connector, to control external devices or relays.
•
8 inputs, usable as tally in or GPI
By opening/closing the connection between two corresponding pins
of the connector, you activate functions like transitions or audio
channel on/off (see GPIO Submenu on page 138).
Tally Breakout Adapter
The optional Tally Breakout Adapter provides an easy way to use the
GPI / TALLY / GPO connector.
3V3 16 15
14
13 12
11
10
9 GND
3V3
OFF
GND
8
GPO
7
6
5
INDIGO GPI / TALLY / GPO BREAKOUT ADAPTER
GPI
4
3
2
GPO
GND
OFF
3V3
GND 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 3V3
5V=
Figure 17. Tally Breakout Adapter
30
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Tally/GPI/GPO
It comes with a wall mount adapter (EU and USA) for power supply with
5 V DC and 10 W maximum power. If required, ask your dealer for a different adapter.
You may also develop your own breakout box or simply connect the pins
that you need for your application.
GPI/GPO Interface
In the following you can see the pin assignment of the GPI/GPO connector
and how to connect the inputs and outputs of the interface.
GPI/GPO Connector
A pair of two pins of the GPI/GPO connector represents one input or one
output. The following table shows the corresponding pin assignments:
GPI
Pins
GPO
Pins
1
1, 2
1
22, 23
2
18, 19
2
8, 9
3
34, 35
3
24, 25
4
3, 4
4
41, 42
5
20, 21
5
10, 11
6
36, 37
6
26, 27
7
5, 6
7
43, 44
8
38,39
8
12, 13
9
28, 29
10
45, 46
11
14, 15
12
30, 31
13
47, 48
14
16, 17
15
32, 33
16
49, 50
1JOT
1JOT
1JOT
Figure 18. 50-pin Sub-D plug for GPI/GPO features
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
31
Section 3 — Connections
Interface Connections
The following figure shows how to connect GPI 1 of the GPI interface, as
an example. The other inputs are connected the same way:
39
'
/*7
5
/LJKWJXLGH
[PP
7
60'723/('JUHHQ
JQ
5
-
-
-
-
*1'
Figure 19. GPI interface
The following figure shows how to connect GPO 1 of the GPO interface, as
an example. The other inputs are connected the same way:
39
39
'
7
%$9
-
-
-
-
5
*1'
5
-
*32B&20B
-
-
*32B
-
*1'
Figure 20. GPO interface
32
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
4
Initial Settings
If you switch on your INDIGO AV Mixer for the first time or use a new
setup (i.e. you connected different or additional devices) you have to
adjust the video and audio settings after first power-on.
4.1 Power-On
Use the power switch on the rear side to switch on your INDIGO AV
Mixer.
Figure 21. The power switch
4.2 Video Settings
Configure the video settings as needed, according to the connected
devices:
1. Select the SETUP main menu (see Setup Main Menu on page 116) to make
your settings.
2. In the VIDEO submenu (see Video Submenu on page 120), press the Input
button to list all video inputs and set the signal Type for each (used)
video input.
3. Press the Output button and select the desired Graphic Standard
(resolution) and Type (PAL or NTSC).
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
33
Section 4 — Initial Settings
4. If desired, in the CONTROL PANEL submenu (see Control Panel Submenu on
page 135), press Button Assign and set the video signal routing, i.e. which
video Sources are routed to which Buttons on the Background
crossbar.
By default, the buttons are assigned corresponding to the number of
the video signal input channel, for example, the signal from video
input 2 is routed to button 2, SD stills are assigned to buttons Shift+3 to
Shift+10.
4.3 Audio Settings
To adjust the audio settings:
1. Select the SETUP main menu (see Setup Main Menu on page 116).
2. In the AUDIO submenu (see Audio Submenu on page 129), press the
Operation Mode button to select one of the following modes:
•
8 Stereo: You can use the audio signals of eight stereo sources,
deriving from RCA, TRS 1/4’’, XLR, AES/EBU signals or even deembedded audio from video streams.
•
7 Stereo, 2 Mic: You can use seven stereo audio signals (deriving
from RCA, TRS 1/4’’, XLR, AES/EBU signals or even deembedded audio from video streams) and two microphones that
are connected to LINE/MIC IN inputs.
•
6 Stereo, 4 Mic: You can use six stereo audio signals (deriving from
RCA, TRS 1/4’’, XLR, AES/EBU signals or even de-embedded
audio from video streams) and up to four microphones that are
connected to LINE/MIC IN inputs.
Note
When assigning an XLR connector to a Mic Input, the corresponding Gain
parameter in Audio Mixer changes from Channel Gain to Mic Gain, indicating
the individually used pre-amplifier circuits.
3. If desired, in the CONTROL PANEL submenu (see Control Panel Submenu on
page 135), press Fader Assign and set the audio signal routing (i.e. which
audio source is routed to which fader in the Audio Control Subpanel
(see Tutorials on page 67).
By default, the faders are assigned according to the number of the
audio signal input channel, for example, the signal from audio input 3
is routed to fader 3.
34
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Example Setup
4.4 Example Setup
The following figure shows a possible setup:
Figure 22. Connections for a big event setup
See more examples and how to adjust the corresponding setups in the
section Tutorials on page 67.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
35
Section 4 — Initial Settings
36
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
5
Basic Operation
5.1 Overview of Control Features
5.1.1 Control Panel
The INDIGO AV Mixer is operated by using the buttons, Digipots, lever
controls, and the graphical menu on the Touch Screen.
The buttons on the Control Panel are used during live operation for fast
and real time control. The menus, accessed via the Touch Screen, allow full
control and edit facilities and are mainly used to set up effects and for
system configuration.
The control features of the INDIGO AV Mixer are grouped by functionality into the following main sections:
•
(1) Touch Screen with Digipots (see page 38)
•
(2) Delegation Subpanel (see page 39)
•
(3) Crossbars for Bus and Source Selection (see page 40)
•
(4) Main Transitions Subpanel with Transition Lever Arm (see page 41)
•
(5) Numeric Input Subpanel (see page 43)
•
(6) Audio Control Subpanel (see page 44)
•
(7) Joystick (see page 45)
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
37
Section 5 — Basic Operation
The following figure shows the Control Panel of the INDIGO AV Mixer
with its various control features:
INDIGO
AV MIXER
7
1
ON
2
4
5
1
Learn
+/-
2
7
8
9
4
5
6
FX
BGD
Key 1
Key 2
PFL
NEXT TRANSITION
USER
MASTER VOLUME
SD
Shift
Hi-Res
DELEGATE
Cut
Key 1
Key 2
FS
1
2
3
Aux 1
Aux 2
Aux 3
Del
0
Enter
Auto
Cut
KEY 1
Auto
KEY 2
CUT
AUTO
FTB
BUS DELEGATION
BUS
Shift
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
6
dB
+10
+10
+5
+5
+0
+0
-5
-5
-10
-10
-15
-15
BACKGROUND
3
Shift
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
BACKGROUND PRESET
Shift
1
-20
-20
-30
-40
-50
-00
-30
-40
-50
-00
1
2
3
4
5
6
Figure 23. Control Panel
5.1.2 Touch Screen with Digipots
Touch Screen
The Touch Screen allows direct interaction with menu controls displayed
on the screen. The screen is designed to work with a finger or other soft
objects. The Touch Screen is sensitive to a single pressure location only, so
only one touch surface control can be adjusted at a time.
CAUTION Do not apply any sharp or rigid object (no pens or pencils) to the Touch
Screen display surface.
If Auto Menu Delegation in the lower left corner is unlocked (see Auto Menu
Delegation on page 77), the menus will follow the related Control Panel
buttons. For example, pressing the FX button displays the EFFECTS
submenu of the TRANSITION main menu on the screen.
See General Handling of the Menus on page 73 for detailed information on
how to use the menus.
38
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Overview of Control Features
Digipots
The Digipots below the graphical display can be used to dial in parameter
values for functions displayed on the Touch Screen. Pressing a Digipot sets
the parameter value to default.
5.1.3 Delegation Subpanel
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Figure 24. Delegation Subpanel
User
Use buttons 1 or 2 to quickly and directly access a specific point in the
menu hierarchy, for example, to call up Calibration in the SETUP main
menu.
To assign a specific menu screen to button 1 (or button 2), open the desired
menu screen and press and hold button 1 (or button 2) for two seconds.
Delegate
Use the DELEGATE section to determine which M/E is active: SD or HiRes.
Bus Delegation
The INDIGO AV Mixer M/Es include multiple sources as well as keyers
and aux buses.
To simplify use, the INDIGO AV Mixer panels provide alternate buses
accessed by BUS DELEGATION buttons. Press a BUS DELEGATION button to
change which bus is affected by pressing a source select button on the
Bus Crossbar. You can select between
•
Key sources (Key 1 or Key 2)
•
Auxiliary output sources (Aux 1 to Aux 3)
See Selecting Sources on page 46 for further information.
Note
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Auxiliary output delegation is only available for SD.
39
Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.1.4 Crossbars for Bus and Source Selection
The INDIGO AV Mixer includes several inputs which can be used universally for video or key signals.
" 53
3HIFT
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3HIFT
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3HIFT
Figure 25. Crossbars for Bus and Source Selection
Note
Use the Shift buttons to access numbers 11 to 20 on the Bus, Background,
and Background Preset Crossbars.
By default, the buttons 1 to 10 and Shift+1 and Shift+2 correspond to the
sources IN01 SD to IN12 SD, the buttons Shift+3 to Shift+10 correspond to
Stills 1 to 8 (for button assignment see also Control Panel Submenu on
page 135).
Bus
The Bus Crossbar is used to select key and fill signals as well as sources for
AUX 1 to 3.
See Delegation Subpanel on page 39 for information on the types of buses
that can be assigned to the crossbar and how to select them.
Background
The Background Crossbar indicates which signal is selected as the current
background picture. Pressing another key in this row performs a hard cut
to another background picture. The selected background picture can be
viewed on the corresponding program monitor.
Background Preset
The Background Preset Crossbar is used to pre-select and indicate the
background involved in a signal transition. The preset background picture
and the selected modifications (for example, keys) can be viewed on the
corresponding preview monitor.
The background and preset buses operate in “Flip-Flop” mode. After the
background transition is complete, the preset source is automatically
selected on the background bus and the original background source is
automatically “flipped” to the preset bus.
40
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Overview of Control Features
5.1.5 Main Transitions Subpanel with Transition Lever Arm
The transition controls are used to select the signal elements that will be
involved in the transition (background and/or keys), define the type of
transition and perform the transition.
The control is performed in two sections:
•
Main Transition Section with all main controls for transitions
•
Transition Lever Arm for manual transition control
Main Transition Elements
Use the Key 1, Key 2, and BGD buttons in the NEXT TRANSITION section to select
the elements that will change during the next transition.
Use the CUT and AUTO buttons and the Transition Lever Arm to perform main
transitions. After a transition is complete, the background source selections flip-flop, readying the Background Preset bus for the next source
selection.
'9
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Figure 26. Main Transition Section
Next Transition
Pressing these buttons does not change the current output of the switcher,
but prepares for a change (the next transition). The NEXT TRANSITION section
includes the following buttons:
•
BGD - Background Transition
Use the BGD button to select a change in the Background buses. The
result will be a transition from the current source on the Background
bus to the source selected on the Background Preset bus. After the transition, the buses will flip flop, so the Background bus always remains
the on-air bus. The Background bus selection remains the background
source if this button is not selected as part of the next transition.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
41
Section 5 — Basic Operation
•
Key 1 and Key 2
Use the Key 1 and Key 2 buttons to select the keyers that will be involved
in the next transition. The Background bus selection remains
unchanged if one of these buttons is selected for the next transition.
Note
A keyer may be on, but not visible (for example, half way through a preset
black transition).
Key 1 and Key 2
Cut
An instantaneous switch from one picture to another. Switching circuitry allows cuts only during the vertical interval of the video signal
to prevent disruption of the picture.
Mix
A transition between two video signals in which one signal is faded
down as the other is faded up.
Also called a dissolve (blending a new video into the existing image).
When applying an effect, it gradually blends in the effect.
CUT
Instantaneously replaces the selected elements with their new sources or
states, regardless of the transition type selected.
AUTO
Starts an automatic transition of a predetermined rate, either from one
video to another or when applying an effect. The duration can be set in the
DURATION submenu (see page 82).
Pressing Auto a second time during a transition pauses the transition at that
point. The transition can then be completed by pressing the button a third
time or by moving the Transition Lever Arm to its opposite limit.
FTB (Fade to Black)
This button fades the video out to or in from a black screen. Audio signals
fade out to or in from silence.
FX
Activates the selected effects for each layer and makes them usable for
transitions. The effects are selected and adjusted in the TRANSITION main
menu.
If the FX button is deactivated, the selected effects are ignored and Mix is
used for transitions.
See Transition Main Menu on page 77 for information on selecting effects.
42
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Overview of Control Features
Transition Lever Arm
Figure 27. Transition Lever Arm
The Transition Lever Arm is used to manually perform a transition. You can
move the lever in either direction to run a transition due to the flip-flop
architecture of the buses. Moving the lever from one limit to the other performs a complete transition.
It is possible to start a transition with the lever, then stop moving the lever
at any point, reverse its direction, and even return it to the original limit
without completing the transition.
5.1.6 Numeric Input Subpanel
Use the Numeric Input Subpanel to enter numbers, for example to enter
the standardized identification number for effects in the EFFECTS submenu.
Use the Del button to delete the last digit entered and press the Enter button
to confirm your entries.
You can also adjust parameter values via the Numeric Input Subpanel. In
this case, the Shift button outputs the decimal point (“.”) and the Learn
button outputs the minus sign (“-”).
,EARN
3HIFT
$EL
%NTER
Figure 28. Numeric Input Subpanel
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
43
Section 5 — Basic Operation
You can use the Numeric Input Subpanel to store and call up E-MEMs.
These are mixer state presets (see E-MEM Main Menu on page 107 for
further information). Use the numeric keys to have quick access to the first
20 presets. Access numbers 11 to 20 with the Shift button. In the E-MEM main
menu, you can access stored presets with a number higher than 20.
Learn
Waits for the next state to be saved to E-MEM via Enter.
5.1.7 Audio Control Subpanel
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Figure 29. Audio Control Subpanel
Mute/PFL Buttons
PFL (Pre-Fader-Listening)
Changes to PFL mode. This allows you to hear the audio signal on the
headphones as it sounds before the fader.
On
Turns the related audio channel on/off.
44
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Overview of Control Features
LED Peak-Meters
The meters read the inputs assigned to the faders and display the channel
levels with three different colors:
•
Green: from - ∞ to -6 dB
•
Yellow: -6 dB to -2 dB
•
Red: -2 dB to +10 dB
Faders
The faders adjust the input levels of the audio assigned to the INDIGO AV
Mixer channels within the range of - ∞ to +10 dB.
Use them to level the volumes of different audio sources.
Master Volume Button
The Master Volume Button lets you adjust the overall volume.
Headphones
The phones connectors output the Main out, Sub-Out or channel PFL
signal.
There are 2 phones connectors: one on the Control Panel and one on the
rear panel. They have the same source, but separate amplifiers.
5.1.8 Joystick
The Joystick in the upper right section of the INDIGO AV Mixer provides
easy positioning and sizing of keys (for example, positioning PIPs). On
Chromakey, the Joystick can be used to position the cursor for selecting the
color area to perform the key processing.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
45
Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.2 Selecting Sources
This section provides information on selecting sources as video and audio
signals, keys sources, and Stills.
Configure and route the input and output sources for both video and
audio signals in the SETUP main menu (see Setup Main Menu on page 116).
5.2.1 Video
Select video signals with the crossbar buttons (see Crossbars for Bus and
Source Selection on page 40). Use the SETUP main menu to assign video
sources to the buttons.
" 53
3HIFT
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3HIFT
"! # + '2/5.$ 0 2 % 3 % 4
3HIFT
See also Video Settings on page 33 for information on configuring video settings.
Video Sources
The video signals for the program monitors are selected in the middle
crossbar row, labeled as BACKGROUND. Pressing another key in this row performs a hard cut to another signal.
Select the input and output sources in the VIDEO submenu under SETUP (see
Video Submenu on page 120), and assign the signals to the crossbar buttons
in the CONTROL PANEL submenu (see Control Panel Submenu on page 135).
Keys Sources, Auxes and Stills
Key and fill signals, and auxiliary outputs are selected in the top crossbar
row, labeled as BUS. See Bus Delegation on page 39 for information on
selecting the types of sources.
Select and adjust the key and fill sources in the KEYERS main menu (see
Keyer Main Menu on page 83).
To save a Still (capture a video frame) from a currently displayed video,
use the Stills Store menu (see Stills Store Main Menu on page 112).
46
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Selecting Sources
Preview of Signal Transitions
The preset background involved in a signal transition together with the
selected modifications (for example, keys) is selected in the bottom
crossbar row, labeled BACKGROUND PRESET. Pressing a key in this row shows
the selected preset background on the corresponding preview monitor
(LAH preview).
Onscreen Preview
The Onscreen Preview window lets you display program, preview, and
aux1/2 signals of SD outputs directly on the Touch Screen
(see Onscreen Preview on page 75).
5.2.2 Audio
Use the faders and the AUDIO MIXER main menu to control the audio signals
(see Audio Mixer Main Menu on page 97).
Use the CONTROL PANEL submenu to assign the audio channels to the faders
(see Control Panel Submenu on page 135).
You can assign an audio stream to a video source (see Audio Follow Video
on page 64).
See also Audio Settings on page 34 for information on configuring the audio
settings.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
47
Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.3 Video Processing
This section shows you how to make transitions, effect transitions, titles,
and chroma keys.
5.3.1 Transitions, Effects, and Keying
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides various ways to manipulate and mix
video signals. The most common ways are described in the following.
The first part of this section provides some theory and basic information
about transitions and keying.
The second part provides examples for:
•
Making a background transition
•
Making a title
•
Making a chroma key
•
Making an effect transition
•
Making a PiP (Picture in Picture)
Transitions
A transition is a change from one image to another. It can be applied to the
entire picture, or to only the background or keyed elements of the picture.
It may include multiple elements.
The INDIGO AV Mixer supports the following types of transitions:
•
Cut
•
Mix
•
Wipe
Cut
A cut is an instantaneous switch from one image to another (between successive video fields or frames). The simplest type is a hot cut, accomplished by selecting a different source on a bus feeding an M/E output.
This only changes that bus’ contribution to the output, and does not
change what elements may be involved in the output (the same buses are
involved).
48
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Processing
The INDIGO AV Mixer also provides cut transitions, where the elements
involved in a mixed output can be changed instantaneously. Different
buses can be included or excluded, causing changes in the resulting composite image. Background cut transitions on the M/E are first selected on
the Background Preset bus to allow the upcoming picture to be previewed
before it is cut “On Air”.
Mix
A mix is a transition from one picture to another where the new picture
fades in as the existing picture fades out. During a standard mix transition,
a superimposition of both pictures, each at a lower intensity, is visible.
The INDIGO AV Mixer allows mixing from one background to another
and to mix up to two separate keys on or off over a background. Background and key mixes can be done separately or simultaneously.
Wipe
A wipe is a transition from one picture to another in which the edge of a
shape moves across the screen, revealing the new picture. Wipe transitions
can be applied to backgrounds, keys, or both simultaneously. A wipe transition shape can be selected from a variety of patterns. These patterns can
be adjusted in several ways (for example, the edge attributes).
Fade to Black (FTB)
Fade to Black is a special type of transition where the picture transitions to
black and then out of black to the new picture. Fade to Black actually
involves two transitions: one to black and one from black. Therefore, it
requires two operator commands to complete. The entire picture goes to
black even if all the transition elements involved in the picture were not
selected.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
49
Section 5 — Basic Operation
Keying
Keying inserts a part of one picture into another to create a composite picture. Keying involves three signals:
•
Background
•
Key cut, used to specify where to cut a hole in the background
•
Key fill, used to fill the hole in the background
The fill can be an incoming video signal or it can be an internally generated
matte fill. A separate key cut input signal is not necessarily required for
keying. For example, a self key (also called a video key) uses the same
input signal for both key cut and key fill.
Key Control Signal Adjustment
During keying, the selected key cut signal can be converted into a key
control signal. It is the key control signal that actually cuts the hole in the
background video. Adjusting the key control signal (Clip and Gain) is
essential in the keying process. The art of setting up a good key is to use
just enough Gain to suppress any imperfections in the incoming key signals. Setting Gain too high can cause ragged key edges.
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides two methods for adjusting the key
control signal:
•
Clip and Gain
•
Cleanup and Density
Note that both of these methods control the same basic keying process.
Clip and Gain
The Clip and Gain operation selects a threshold of the selected key cut
video that will be used to cut the hole in the background video. Clip
controls the threshold, and Gain controls the softness of the key edges
and any translucent areas. High portions of the key cut signal specify
what video is retained, and low portions determine what video is
removed. Intermediate levels specify a soft blend of the background
and fill video.
Cleanup and Density
The Cleanup and Density operation influences only one end of the key
area and keeps the other one constant. Cleanup only influences the
background area. Key levels are increasingly limited to black, i.e.
”cleaned”. Noise and slight shadows in this area will disappear.
Density only influences the foreground area. Key levels are increasingly limited to white to the unity value ”1”, which corresponds to the
”dense” foreground.
50
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Processing
Key Invert
Keys can be inverted, causing holes to be cut in the background where
a normal key retains the background, and vice versa. Key invert makes
the white areas of the key cut signal produce transparency, and the
black areas produce opacity, the opposite of a standard key.
Border
The Border feature generates borders around keys. The key signal is
delayed and/or enlarged, and the extra bordering space can be filled
with matte. Border can be adjusted in size and in horizontal and vertical placement. Variations include Outline, Extrude and Drop.
Opacity
The opacity of a key can be adjusted. When opacity is reduced below
100% some background video is allowed to show through areas where
it is normally excluded. Key opacity is an adjustment to the overall
intensity of the key and is separate from Clip and Gain controls. Note
that a common mistake is to set opacity to zero and forget that adjustment was made, which can cause confusion later when that key is
selected but not visible.
The INDIGO AV Mixer supports the following types of keys:
•
Luminance Key
•
Chroma Key
•
PiP (Picture in Picture)
Two of the keys, Luminance Key and Chroma Key, are described in detail in
the following.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
51
Section 5 — Basic Operation
Luminance Key
A luminance key uses the luminance of an incoming source to specify where
to cut the hole in the background. Luminance keying is typically done on
sources that do not have an accompanying key cut signal, like a video
camera. The key cut signal must be generated from the incoming video
signal, using clip and gain controls. When only one source is used for both
key cut and key fill, the key is called a Self key or Video key. The same key
source signal is multiplied by the key cut signal to create the key fill, and
then the signals are summed.
X
Background Video
Invert
Clip
Gain
Key Hole Background
+
Completed
Luminance Key
Key Control
X
Key Source (video only)
Key Fill
Figure 30. Luminance Key
Clip and Gain controls for luminance keys offer wide adjustment ranges.
52
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Processing
Chroma Key
A chroma key is a key that detects color (rather than luminance) in a video
image and replaces it with a new background. For example, a reporter may
be in a studio sitting in front of a backdrop with a blue or green backing
color, and the new background can be a mountain scene. The completed
chroma key consists the mountain scene replacing the backing color, creating the illusion that the reporter is sitting in front of the mountain.
X
Background Video
Key Hole Background
Invert
Chroma Key Source
(video only)
Chroma Key
Primary
Suppression
Clip
Gain
Invert
+
Key Control
Backing Colors Selected
Chroma Key
Secondary
Suppression
Completed
Chroma Key
X
Chroma Key Fill
Backing Color Removed
Chroma Key Fill
Backing Color Suppressed
Figure 31. Chroma Key
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
53
Section 5 — Basic Operation
The terms foreground and background are often a source of confusion
when used for chroma keys. Foreground refers to the people or objects in
a chroma key scene that are in front of the colored backdrop. Background
refers to the scene that will replace the backing color (same as a linear or
luminance key) in the final picture. Background does not refer to the backdrop of the foreground scene.
Chroma keys are performed by suppressing the backing color in the foreground scene, cutting a hole in the background, and then combining the
two processed signals. When conditions are ideal, complete suppression
of the backing color is possible and the hole cut in the background will
match the suppressed foreground, permitting these two signals to be
added successfully.
54
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Processing
5.3.2 Making a Background Transition
To make a background transition:
1. Select SD or HiRes [DELEGATE].
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2. Select the desired source on the Preset bus.
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3. Make sure background transition is selected, i.e. the BGD [Next Transition]
button is ON.
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4. If necessary, select the TRANSITION main menu, select the SD EFFECTS or
HR EFFECTS submenu (depending on delegation), and press SD BGND or
HR BGND.
5. Select the desired category and the pattern, for example, 3D and Ripple.
See SD/HR Effects Submenu on page 78 for further information.
Note
If the FX button is OFF, only Mix is used for transitions. If FX is ON, the
selected effects are used for transitions.
Note
For HiRes, only Wipes and Mix are available.
6. Press the AUTO button.
#54
&4"
!54/
See Duration Submenu on page 82 if you want to modify the duration
of the Auto transition.
– or –
Move the Transition Lever Arm to the opposite position.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
55
Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.3.3 Making a Title
This type of transition inserts a text into the background scene. The background remains unaffected.
A title is based on a luminance key (see Luminance Key on page 52).
Note
The following example uses Key 1 in SD mode, but you can also use Key 2
and/or HiRes mode.
To make a title:
1. Select Key 1 [NEXT TRANSITION].
If Auto Menu Delegation is unlocked, the KEYER menu is selected automatically.
Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected automatically.
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2. Make sure Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected.
3. Make sure KEYER main menu is selected.
4. Select the SD KEY 1 submenu and press Type.
5. Select Luma as key type.
6. Press the Source button to select key sources.
Fill: Characters from title generator
Key: “Alpha channel” from title generator
7. Press the Adjust button.
8. Press the Auto button.
9. Select the mode (Clip Gain or Cleanup Density)
If necessary, adjust the settings.
56
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Processing
10. Press the Cut [KEY 1] or Mix [KEY 1] button.
#UT
-IX
+% 9 #UT
-IX
+%9 – or –
Press the CUT or AUTO button.
See Duration Submenu on page 82 if you want to modify the duration
of the Auto transition.
– or –
Move the Transition Lever Arm to the opposite position.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
57
Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.3.4 Making a Chroma Key
This type of transition inserts one video signal in place of areas of a particular color of another video signal. The background remains unaffected.
Note
The following example uses Key 1 in SD mode, but you can also use Key 2
and/or HiRes mode.
To make a chroma key:
1. Select Key 1 [NEXT TRANSITION].
If Auto Menu Delegation is unlocked, the KEYER menu is selected automatically.
Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected automatically.
2. Make sure Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected.
3. Make sure KEYER main menu is selected.
4. Select the SD KEY 1 submenu and press Type.
5. Select Chroma as key type.
6. Press the Source button to select key and fill sources.
7. Press the Adjust button.
8. Press the Auto button.
This adjusts the Chroma and Selectivity values automatically.
– or –
Press the Cursor button.
Adjust the Cursors position and size with the Joystick to set the color
values used for the chroma key.
Note
Auto and Cursor buttons are not available in HiRes mode.
9. If required, adjust the Chroma and Selectivity values manually.
10. Press the Cut [KEY 1] or Mix [KEY 1] button.
– or –
Press the CUT or AUTO button.
– or –
Move the Transition Lever Arm to the opposite position.
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INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Video Processing
5.3.5 Making an Effect Transition
With this type of transition, the background remains unaffected.
Note
The following example uses Key 1 in SD mode, but you can also use Key 2
and/or HiRes mode.
To make an effect transition:
1. Select Key 1 [NEXT TRANSITION].
If Auto Menu Delegation is unlocked, the KEYER menu is selected automatically.
Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected automatically.
2. Make sure Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected.
3. Make sure KEYER main menu is selected.
4. Select the SD KEY 1 submenu and press Type.
5. Select Type.
6. Select Source.
7. Go to the TRANSITION main menu.
8. Select SD Key 1 In.
9. Select the desired category and pattern, for example, Slide and Left.
10. If necessary, go to the DURATION submenu to adjust the timing settings.
11. Select SD Key 1 Out.
12. Select the desired category and pattern, for example, Wipe and Circle.
13. If necessary, go to the DURATION submenu to adjust the timing settings.
14. Make sure FX is selected.
15. Press the Mix [KEY 1] button.
– or –
Press the AUTO button.
See Duration Submenu on page 82 if you want to modify the duration
of the Auto transition.
– or –
Move the Transition Lever Arm to the opposite position.
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Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.3.6 Making a PiP (Picture in Picture) in SD Mode
This type of transition inserts a picture into the background scene. The
background remains unaffected.
Note
The following example uses Key 1 in SD mode, but you can also use Key 2.
To make a PiP:
1. Select Key 1 [NEXT TRANSITION].
If Auto Menu Delegation is unlocked, the KEYER menu is selected automatically.
Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected automatically.
2. Make sure Key 1 [BUS DELEGATION] is selected.
3. Make sure KEYER main menu is selected.
4. Select the SD KEY 1 submenu and press Type.
5. Select PiP as Type.
6. Press the Source button and select the Fill source from the list.
7. Press Transform.
8. Make sure the Enable button is activated.
9. Adjust Top Corner, Bottom Corner, and 2D Size as desired to position
and resize the picture.
10. Press the Cut [KEY 1] or Mix [KEY 1] button.
– or –
Press the CUT or AUTO button.
– or –
Move the Transition Lever Arm to the opposite position.
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5.3.7 Making a PiP (Picture in Picture) in HR Mode
Making a PiP in HR mode is basically the same as in SD mode.
Note
In HR mode, the Fill source must not be the same as the background source.
Note
There is a special PiP within PiP possibility in HR mode which allows you to
use four images in spite of the limitation to only three HR inputs. See Making
a PiP within a PiP in HR Mode below.
5.3.8 Making a PiP within a PiP in HR Mode
The PiP function in HR mode generates a PiP within an HR image (which
is already assembled on the input) before the HR keyer.
This compound image behaves like one single image for keying and transitions. This means that the PiP of the HR image cannot be faded in and
out independently from the main HR image, and no separate keying is
possible (for example, chroma keying on a special color).
Note
The source of an HR PiP is always an SD signal: SD PGM, SD PVW, Aux 1,
or Aux2.
The HR source image cannot derive from a different SD source. Therefore,
it should be VGA, DVI, or HD SDI. However, HD SDI also accepts an SD
signal.
HR Key Type PiP sets up the outer PiP. However, sometimes a different
Key Type could be useful.
Note
HR Key Type PiP is not the same as the described PiP of HR images. Key
Type PiP means that neither luminance nor chroma keying will take place,
but the assembled HR image will be cut into the background without any
change.
Thus, you get an HR image including its PiP, which in turn is used as “keyer
PiP” for the background (see figure below).
Note
Other Key Types may be used for special setups: The assembled HR image
can be keyed into the background, using luminance or chrominance keying.
Overcome Input Limitations
By setting the main HR image size to 1, the PiP of an HR image can also be
used as a simple PiP. Thus, you can overcome the limitation to three HR
inputs: The preview output may have IN01 HR with PiP SD Aux1, and the
program output may have IN02 HR with PiP SD Aux2. Set the completely
covered and invisible background to IN03 HR.
This setup is not possible using only regular Keyer PiPs (like in Making a
PiP (Picture in Picture) in HR Mode on page 61), because four images are
visible, but there are only three HR inputs – two full featured and one
internal.
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Section 5 — Basic Operation
An HR PiP is structured as follows:
(1) Background
(2) PiP of HR image
(3) HR image
(4) Screen border .
1
2
3
4
Figure 32. PiP of an HR image within a Keyer PiP
Note
The grey area corresponds to the complete HR image (= Keyer PiP, i.e.
HR image including PiP of HR image)
Note
The following example uses HR Key 1 and Key 1 [BUS DELEGATE], but you
can also use HR Key 2 and/or Key 2 [BUS DELEGATE].
Configuring the Keyer
1. In the KEYER main menu, select HR Key 1 and press Type.
2. Select PiP as Type.
3. Press the Source button and select the Fill source from the list.
Note
Select IN01 HR or IN02 HR. Do not select a Still!
4. Press Transform.
5. Make sure the Enable button is activated.
6. Make sure the PiP Enable button is activated.
7. Select Hi-Res [DELEGATE].
8. Select Key 1 [BUS DELEGATE].
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Video Processing
9. Select Hi-Res [DELEGATE].
10. Press the Cut [KEY 1] or Mix [KEY 1] button.
– or –
Press the CUT or AUTO button.
– or –
Move the Transition Lever Arm to the opposite position.
Setting the Default Sizes of the Images
Note
These are just pre-settings. The sources may not be visible at this time.
1. In the TRANSFORM submenu, set 2D Size values X, Y, and All to 1, in
order to completely cover the background.
– or –
Decrease the value All (for example, to 0.75), in order to show a part of
the background (see PiP of an HR image within a Keyer PiP on page 62).
2. Set PiP Size 2D to, for example, 0.5.
Selecting the Sources
1. Select the desired background.
2. Select the PiP of the HR image:
a. In SETUP > VIDEO > INPUT select IN01 HR (or IN02 HR) as source from
the list.
b. Select Internal SD as Type.
c. Select the desired internal source from the Int. Sources list.
d. Adjust the Alignment.
e. If you want to get a fixed aspect ratio, activate the Preserve Aspect
button.
3. Select the HR main image, using a different Type (VGA, DVI, or SDI HD).
4. Set the sizes of the images (see above).
Note
In few cases, the lowest line of the HR image’s PiP flickers with some
sources and settings. Changing the size or the Internal SD Alignment may
help.
Note
The HR sync signal must always be valid.
If an HR input signal is or becomes invalid (i.e., no or no valid sync), the PiP
will blink for approx. 15 seconds.
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Section 5 — Basic Operation
5.4 Audio Processing
This section shows you how to process and mix audio signals with the
INDIGO AV Mixer.
Audio Follow Video
You can assign one or more audio channels to a video channel (see Audio
Follow Video on page 133).
Thus, when this video channel is selected, the assigned audio channels are
selected automatically. The audio channels’ volume levels can be adjusted
for On Air and Off Air.
To assign an audio channel to a video channel:
1. Select the SETUP main menu.
2. Select the AUDIO submenu.
3. Press Follow Video.
4. If required, press AVF Enable to display the Video Sources.
5. Select the desired video channel from the Video Sources list.
6. Press the Audio Source button to display the Audio Sources list.
7. Select the desired audio channel from the Audio Sources list.
8. Press the Level-Set button.
9. Use the two faders of the small area next to the Audio Sources list to
adjust the audio levels for On Air and Off Air.
You may also use the Digipots to adjust these values for the selected
audio source.
10. If required, repeat steps 7 to 9 to assign further audio sources.
Note
Activated (enabled) video and audio sources are displayed as green entries
within the lists.
5.4.1 Mic Inputs
The INDIGO AV Mixer includes four LINE/MIC IN mono inputs to feed
in microphones or line levels.
If required, switch on phantom power (+48 V DC) for microphones. This
can be activated separately for inputs 1/2 and 3/4.
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Audio Processing
You may, for example, pan the signals, route them to buses and set the
desired volumes.
Note
Mic inputs are only available if you set the appropriate Audio Mode in the
AUDIO submenu of the SETUP main menu (see Audio Submenu on
page 129).
5.4.2 Stereo Inputs
You can use up to eight stereo audio inputs simultaneously, for example,
audio signals from video channels and separate signals from CD players
or other devices.
The stereo inputs can be processed the same way as the microphone
inputs.
5.4.3 Adjusting Audio
The audio channel settings can be edited in the AUDIO MIXER main menu
(see Audio Mixer Main Menu on page 97) and via the audio faders and
buttons on the front panel.
Some important functions are explained here.
Equalizer
An equalizer allows you to manipulate the frequency spectrum of an audio
signal. You can use it, for example, to prevent feedback in live situations,
to reduce unwanted frequencies like low-level noise, or to raise frequencies that are important for an instrument’s sound or a speaker’s intelligibility.
The INDIGO AV Mixer provides a 4-band equalizer for each channel, i.e.
you can adjust four different frequencies simultaneously: Low, Mid 1,
Mid 2, and High.
Additionally, there is a Low Cut for each channel that cuts all frequencies
below 100 Hz to reduce low-level noise.
ON Button
This button toggles between on and off.
If, for example, one of two microphones is not used for a while and has to
be activated later at the same level, you will not need to adjust the fader to
reduce the level. Simply press the ON button (in the AUDIO MIXER main menu
or on the front panel). This turns off the related audio channel. To turn the
channel on, press the ON button again.
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Section 5 — Basic Operation
PFL Button
The PFL button provides two functions:
•
Press the PFL button to toggle between Main Out or Sub-Out AFL (LED
off) and channel PFL (LED on).
•
Press and hold the PFL button to access all audio channel settings on
the Touch Screen.
Toggling between AFL and PFL
By default, audio signals are output in AFL (After Fader Listening) mode,
i.e. if you change the fader, the volume also changes.
In some cases, you may not want the audio to follow the fader, for
example, if you want to check an audio channel without changing the
adjusted volume. You can achieve this by pressing the PFL button, which
changes to PFL (Pre Fader Listening) mode. This allows you to hear the
audio signal as it sounds before the fader.
Accessing channel settings
If you press and hold a channel’s PFL button for approximately two seconds, the Touch Screen will display the CHANNEL ADJUST submenu (see
Channel Adjust Submenu on page 99).
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Section
6
Tutorials
This chapter contains practical tutorials to show you how to work with the
INDIGO AV Mixer, how to choose the appropriate devices, connect them
to your INDIGO AV Mixer, adjust the settings for all video and audio
channels, and compose the output signal.
The tutorials are examples only; configure your system according to your
individual needs.
Note
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Currently there is only one tutorial.
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Section 6 — Tutorials
6.1 Tutorial 1—Small Presentation
Use the INDIGO AV Mixer for your company presentations or other
small events.
Only a few devices and settings are necessary to create an impressive presentation.
Note
This example makes use of the optional HiRes board’s DVI inputs and outputs.
6.1.1 Setup
The following figure illustrates a possible setup for a small presentation or
event:
Figure 33. Example for a small presentation setup
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Tutorial 1—Small Presentation
6.1.2 Connections
This example uses the following devices:
•
(1) INDIGO AV Mixer
•
(2) A miniDV camera, filming the speaker; connected via S-Video to
input S-VIDEO 1 of the VIDEO IN (ANALOG/DIGITAL) section
•
(3) Microphone for the speaker; connected to input 7 L of the LINE/
MIC IN section
•
(4) Laptop for visual input, for example, PPT presentations or videos;
connected to input DVI-I 1 of the COMPUTER VIDEO IN section
(HiRes board)
•
(5) CD/DVD player for background music; connected to RCA input
1 L/R of the ANALOG AUDIO LINE IN section
•
(6) Projector, to let the audience see the presentation; connected to
DVI-I MAIN of the COMPUTER VIDEO OUT section (HiRes board)
•
(7) Amplifier with speakers; connected to ANALOG MAIN OUT via
RCA
•
(8) Headphones; connected to the phones jack on the top panel
The devices are connected to your INDIGO AV Mixer as follows:
2
S-Video 1
DVI-I MAIN
6
ANALOG AUDIO MAIN OUT
3
LINE/MIC IN
1
7
DVI-I 1
4
ANALOG AUDIO LINE IN 1
5
8
Figure 34. Connections for the small presentation setup
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Section 6 — Tutorials
6.1.3 Result
This is what your presentation could look like:
Figure 35. Your presentation from the audience’s view
The INDIGO AV Mixer produces a presentation view mixed by three signals:
70
•
The background is a PPT presentation from the laptop.
•
In the right lower corner, the main camera’s view (showing the presenter) is inserted via PiP.
•
In the left lower corner, a logo from an internal Still is inserted.
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Tutorial 1—Small Presentation
6.1.4 How to Set Up a Small Presentation
1. Connect the devices as shown in Figure 34 on page 69.
2. Select the SETUP main menu.
Video Settings
3. Select the VIDEO submenu.
a. Press INPUT.
b. Select input IN01 SD (the camera) from the list and set the Type to
S Video.
c. Select input IN01 HR (the laptop) from the list and set the Type to
DVI.
d. Press OUTPUT.
e. Set the Graphic Standard according to your projectors’
specifications.
f.
Select the Standard (PAL or NTSC), as required.
Audio Settings
4. Select the AUDIO submenu.
a. Press Operation Mode.
b. Select 7 Stereo 2 Mic as Audio Mode.
5. Select the AUDIO MIXER main menu.
6. Select the MIXER submenu.
a. Select Micro 1.
b. Make sure the ON button is activated.
c. Adjust volume and pan.
7. Select CHANNEL ADJUST submenu.
a. Make sure the Equalizer On button is activated.
b. Adjust the equalizer settings to your needs.
c. If required, adjust the Mic Gain.
d. Activate Low Cut.
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Section 6 — Tutorials
PiP Settings
8. Select the KEYER main menu.
9. Select the SD KEY 1 submenu.
a. Press Type.
b. Select PiP as Type.
c. Press Source.
d. Select IN01 SD SDI (the camera) as Fill.
e. Press Transform.
f.
Make sure the Enable button is activated.
g. Adjust Top Corner, Bottom Corner, and 2D Size as desired.
Logo Settings
10. Insert a USB memory stick containing the logo file in the USB drive.
11. Select the STILLS STORE main menu.
12. Select memory cell 1 and press Load.
13. Select the desired logo file from the list and press OK.
14. If desired, rename the Still.
15. Select the KEYER main menu.
16. Select the SD KEY 2 submenu.
a. Press Type.
b. Select Chroma.
c. Press Source.
d. Select IN01 SD Still or newly named Still (the logo) as Fill and
Key.
e. Press Adjust.
f.
Press Auto.
g. If required, adjust Chroma and Selectivity manually.
h. Press Transform.
72
i.
Make sure the Enable button is activated.
j.
Adjust Top Corner, Bottom Corner, and 2D Size as desired.
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Section
7
Menus
7.1 General Handling of the Menus
This section shows you how to work with the menus of your INDIGO AV
Mixer in general and provides you with a quick reference for looking up
information regarding the single menus.
The INDIGO AV Mixer menus provide capabilities that complement the
operation of the Control Panel. The menus control most of the system
functions and have additional controls not available on the Control Panel
(for example, wipe pattern selection, chroma key manual controls, and
configuration menus).
During live production, the operator spends most of his time working
directly on the Control Panel. The menus are used extensively for setup
and effects creation.
There are four Digipots beneath the Touch Screen. In many menus, you can
use them to adjust the parameters of the selected characteristic. Pressing a
Digipot sets the parameter value to default.
The handling of the menus is quick and easy, because of the Touch Screen,
the Digipots, and the sophisticated structure of the menus themselves.
In general, to learn menu capabilities, you can touch the screen where you
think more information may be available (data pads and submenu touch
buttons). The actual video output of the system will not change unless a
specific parameter button is touched, a value is changed with a Digipot, or
a new value is entered manually.
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Section 7 — Menus
7.1.1 Menu Navigation and Organization
The Menu Display consists of the following sections:
(1) Main Menu tabs
(2) Submenu tabs
(3) Parameter Navigation Area
(4) Parameter Edit Area
(5) Display of the parameters that are adjustable via the Digipots
(6) Audio Display
(7) Onscreen Preview button
(8) Auto Menu Delegation button
2
7
3
1
6
4
8
5
Figure 36. Example of the Graphical User Interface
You can easily navigate through the menus by touching the desired Main
Menu on the left and the Submenus on the top of the screen.
In the menus, use the Parameter Navigation Area in the upper part to
select the parameter you want to modify.
In the Parameter Edit Area in the middle and by using the Digipots, you
can then adjust the parameter values.
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General Handling of the Menus
The Digipots below the graphical display can be used to dial in parameter
values for settings displayed on the Touch Screen. The Digipots become
active for the part of the menu that is currently highlighted. The parameters can be adjusted by turning the Digipots. Pressing a Digipot sets the
parameter value to default.
Using the Touch Screen and the Digipots allows easy operation. On some
menus, you can scroll a list located on the screen with the Digipots.
7.1.2 Virtual Numeric Keypad and Keyboard
Alternatively, you can use the Virtual Numeric Keypad to type in parameter values.
Figure 37. Virtual Numeric Keypad
To open the Virtual Numeric Keypad, select the area containing the parameter to be modified, then press the display area directly above the corresponding Digipot. Type in the new parameter value and press Ok.
In a similar fashion, you can use a Virtual Keyboard to edit the name of a
stored file or to rename an E-MEM.
Figure 38. Virtual Keyboard
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Section 7 — Menus
7.1.3 Onscreen Preview
Use the Onscreen Preview button in the upper left corner of the Touch Screen
to open/close the Onscreen Preview video overlay window.
The Onscreen Preview window lets you display program, preview, and
aux1/2 signals of SD outputs directly on the Touch Screen. Thus, you can
check the signal output or adjust a chroma key without having to use an
external monitor.
Figure 39. Onscreen Preview window
Note
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There is no onscreen preview available for HiRes PGM or PVW.
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Transition Main Menu
7.1.4 Auto Menu Delegation
The Auto Menu Delegation button in the lower left corner of the Touch Screen
determines the behavior in which the menus react to Control Panel buttons:
•
unlocked
If Auto Menu Delegation is unlocked, pressing a panel button automatically shows the corresponding menu. For example, if you press Key 1
on the Delegation subpanel, the menu for key adjustment is shown.
•
locked
If Auto Menu Delegation is locked, the menu display is not affected by
panel buttons.
7.2 Transition Main Menu
Use the TRANSITION main menu to select and modify transitions and effects
and assign them to the Background and the transition in/transition out of
Key 1 and Key 2:
•
Select the effect type for the background and for the transition in/transition out of Key 1 and Key 2 for both SD and HR in the SD/HR Effects
Submenu (see page 78).
•
Define the duration of the selected effect in the Duration Submenu (see
page 82).
See Video Processing on page 48 for more information on transitions and
effects.
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Section 7 — Menus
7.2.1 SD/HR Effects Submenu
Use the SD/HR EFFECTS submenus to select which effect type is assigned to
a transition for the selected signal source.
The functionality is basically the same for SD and HR (HiRes). Only the
number of available categories and patterns varies.
Figure 40. Transition SD Effects submenu
To assign an effect (see also Making an Effect Transition on page 59):
1. In the Parameter Navigation Area, select the signal (for example,
SD BGND) that will be affected.
2. In the Parameter Edit Area, select one of the Categories and the effect
Pattern.
Depending on the selected pattern, additional parameter areas are displayed which allow you to change specific parameters.
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Transition Main Menu
The figure above shows the typical parameters for a Wipe pattern:
•
Width allows you to set the border width.
•
Split allows you to set the proportion of inner and outer part of the
border.
The outer part is displayed in Matte 1 color, the inner part is displayed
in Matte 2 color. If Split is set to 0 % or 100 %, only one color is displayed.
•
Softness allows you to set the softness of the border’s outer and inner
edges, and for the color crossing between outer and inner part.
Note
If Width is set to 0 %, the border is turned off and only one edge is displayed.
The Softness of this edge is determined by the Outer value. Inner and Split
have no effect.
Note
Matte 1 and Matte 2 have the same default colors. Some parameter changes
are only visible if different colors are set for Matte 1 and Matte 2.
SD Transitions
You can independently define transitions for the SD background and the
two SD keyers.
SD BGD
For the SD background, the following effect categories are available:
•
Wipe
•
Mix
•
3D
•
Page Roll
•
Page Turn
•
Slide
•
Squeeze
•
Door
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Section 7 — Menus
SD Key 1/2 In/Out
For the fade-in and fade-out of the SD keyers, the following effect categories are available:
•
Wipe
•
Mix
•
3D
•
Slide
•
Squeeze
Overview of SD Effect Patterns
The following table shows all available SD transitions. Some of them are
only available for SD BGND.
Effect Pattern Categories
Wipe
Mix
3D
Slide
Squeeze
Door
Left
Mix
Ripple
Page Roll Page Turn
Left
Left
Left
Left
Left
Top
White Mix
Sphere
Right
Right
Right
Right
Right
T Left
Black Mix
Swirl
Top
Top
Top
Top
Top
T Right
Matte Mix
Rock
Bottom
Bottom
Bottom
Bottom
Bottom
B Right
Blind 4
T Left
T Left
T Left
T Left
Hor
B Left
Discont
Vert
T Right
T Right
T Right
T Right
Cross
B Right
B Right
B Right
B Right
B Left
B Left
Rect x4
B Left
B Left
Square45
2 Hor
2 Hor
Hor
Slit V
2 Vert
2 Vert
Vert
Center
Slit H
4 Multi
4 Multi
Diag A
8 Multi
8 Multi
Diag B
16 Multi
16 Multi
Vertex R
32 Multi
32 Multi
Vertex L
64 Multi
64 Multi
Rect
128 Multi
128 Multi
Circle
Inf Multi
Star
2 Out
Clock
Inf Out
Clock4
Angle
Matrix 1
Matrix 2
Rings
Slit4 H
Slit4 V
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Transition Main Menu
HR Transitions
You can independently define transitions for the HR background and the
two HR keyers.
For HR, only Wipe and – for HR BGND – Mix are available as categories.
Overview of HR Effect Patterns
The following patterns are available for Wipe:
•
Left
•
Top
•
Cross
•
Rect
The following patterns are available for Mix:
•
White Mix
•
Black Mix
•
Matte Mix
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Section 7 — Menus
7.2.2 Duration Submenu
Use the DURATION submenu to define default durations for the following
transitions, independent for SD and HR:
•
Background Transition (BGD)
•
Transition for Key 1/2 (Key 1/2)
•
Fade to Black (FTB).
Figure 41. Transition Duration submenu
Use the Digipots to adjust the duration, or enter the value with the Virtual
Numeric Keypad. The duration is displayed in seconds and frames, and
ranges from 0 to 59 seconds.
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Keyer Main Menu
7.3 Keyer Main Menu
Use the KEYER main menu to select and modify the keys you want to use
for a transition, both SD and HR.
See Transitions, Effects, and Keying on page 48 for basic information on
keying.
For detailed instructions on how to use keys for a transition, see also
Making a Background Transition on page 55, Making a Title on page 56,
Making a Chroma Key on page 58, Making an Effect Transition on page 59,
Making a PiP (Picture in Picture) in SD Mode on page 60, and Making a PiP
within a PiP in HR Mode on page 61.
Using the submenu tabs on the top, you can select which key should be
used to perform the following actions:
•
Selecting the key type (see page 83).
•
Selecting the source of the fill and the key signal (see page 84).
•
Adjusting the key parameters (see page 85).
•
Modifying the key border (see page 88).
•
Modifying the key size and position (see page 93).
Type
Select the key type:
•
Chroma
•
Luma
•
PiP (Picture in Picture)
Depending on the key type, different parameters will be displayed in the
Adjust and the Border section.
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Section 7 — Menus
Source
Select the input sources for the Fill and the Key signals from the lists. If
you selected PiP as key type, only the Fill list is displayed here.
Figure 42. Selecting the source of the fill and the key signal
The input sources can either be one of the video input channels or a saved
Still (see Stills Store Main Menu on page 112).
Note
For HR keyers, the functionality is basically the same, but you can only select
a Fill signal from one of the HR inputs.
You can also select the sources via the crossbars:
•
Fill
Press the corresponding button on the Bus Crossbar.
•
Key
Press and hold the desired BUS DELEGATION button (for example, Key 1)
and select the corresponding source from the Bus Crossbar.
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Keyer Main Menu
Adjust
Different parameters are displayed, depending on the key type you
selected. If you selected PiP as key type, only Opacity is displayed here.
See also Key Control Signal Adjustment on page 50 for detailed information.
Figure 43. Adjusting the Keyer parameters
Auto
The INDIGO AV Mixer automatically sets the key signal parameters to
suitable values (automatic chromakey computation).
Cursor
This button is only available if you selected Chroma as the key type.
The Cursor button enables/disables the Cursor to select the area (color) to
be cut.
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Section 7 — Menus
Position the Cursor with the Joystick. Twist the Joystick to adjust the
Cursor size: The larger the Cursor, the more color values are included in
the chroma key.
The values for Cursor position (X, Y) and size are displayed in the Chroma
parameter display field in the lower right corner of the Parameter Edit
Area. If this area is selected, you can also adjust these values with the corresponding Digipots.
When the Cursor is activated and positioned, press the Auto button to start
the automatic chromakey computation.
If Auto is pressed while the Cursor is not active, the dominant color of the
source is used to compute the automatic chromakey.
Preview
Select what is to be displayed on the Preview Out:
•
None shows the standard transition preview
•
Fill shows the pre-processed fill signal of this keyer
•
Key shows the related key (alpha) signal
This function is useful when setting up a keyer to check if the desired part
of the video is opaque.
FGD Fade
This button is only available if you selected Chroma as the key type.
The FGD Fade (Foreground Fade) key switches over the chroma key processing. If activated, the cleaned key fill signal and the background signal
are faded in one fading operation by the key control signal.
Fade Mode
This section is displayed only if you selected Luma as the key type.
Select the fade mode for the Luma key:
•
Add. for additive fading
•
X-Fade for crossfading
Invert
Inverts the key signal.
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Keyer Main Menu
Mode
Select the mode for adjusting the key signal:
•
Clip Gain
•
Cleanup Density
The parameter display field in the lower left corner of the Parameter Edit
Area changes accordingly.
In the second parameter display field, you can modify the Opacity (Op) of
the key signal.
If you selected Chroma as the key type, you get two additional display
fields:
•
Chroma to modify Hue, Luminance and Saturation
•
Selectivity to modify Color Offset (C), Left (L) and Right (R) Selectivity
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Crop/Border
Different parameters are displayed, depending on the key type you
selected.
See also Key Control Signal Adjustment on page 50 for detailed information.
Press Enable to display the border parameters.
If you selected Chroma or Luma as the key type, you can modify the following parameters:
Figure 44. Modifying the key border Chroma or Luma as the key type
Type
Note
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This section is not available for HR keys. HR keys only have the type Border.
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Keyer Main Menu
Select one of the following border types:
•
Border
•
Outline
•
Extrude
•
Drop
You can then modify Width and Position in the left parameter display
field.
Use the Matte 1 display field to modify Hue, Luminance and Saturation of
the Matte (which determines the color of the border).
If you selected PiP as the key type, you can modify the Crop and Border
parameters.
Use the Crop functions to “trim” the edges of a key. The picture edge will
be replaced with the background video.
Figure 45. Modifying the key border for PiP as the key type
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In the Parameter Edit Area, you can modify the corresponding parameters
in the following display fields:
•
Crop All
Allows you to modify the values for:
•
•
Cropping all edges
•
Softness
•
Opacity
Crop Single
Allows you to modify the values for cropping the left (L), right (R),
top (T) or bottom (B) edge.
•
Border All
Allows you to modify the values for:
•
•
All edges
•
Softness
•
Opacity
Border Single
Allows you to modify the values for the left (L), right (R), top (T) or
bottom (B) edge.
•
Border Color
Allows you to modify Hue, Luminance and Saturation in the parameter display field.
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Keyer Main Menu
Mask/Pattern
Note
This functionality is not available for HR keys.
Press Enable to display the mask parameters and patterns.
Figure 46. Modifying the mask and pattern parameters
Crop
Automatically truncates the width of an analog signal, so blanking does
not extend into the image.
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Mask Mode
Select one of the following modes:
•
Force FGD
Forces the area within the selected and adjusted mask to show the foreground signal.
Use this mode if you experience problems with parts of the picture that
have a similar color like the key (for example, a blue tie of the newsreader while using a bluescreen).
•
Suppress FGD
Suppresses the area within the selected and adjusted mask.
Use this mode if objects accidentally extend into the bluescreen area
(for example, a microphone hanging down) and should be masked
out.
Patterns
Select the desired mask pattern from the Patterns list. This allows you to
adjust the mask approximately to the area to be masked in or out
(depending on Mask Mode).
Invert
Inverts the mask.
The parameter display fields in the lower part of the Parameter Edit Area
allow you to adjust the size and appearance of the mask.
Preview
Shows the modified signal on the Preview output.
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Keyer Main Menu
Transform
Press Enable to display the parameters.
Note
This menu appears slightly different for SD and HR keys.
SD Keys
For every SD keyer type, you can modify the following properties:
•
Top Corner
•
Bottom Corner
•
2D Size
•
3D Rotation
•
3D Position
Figure 47. Modifying the key size and position for SD keys
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Select the property you want to modify by touching the corresponding
pad and use the Digipots to adjust the parameters.
94
•
Use the parameters in the Top Corner and Bottom Corner display
fields to modify the position of all four corners of the key. For example,
the LY parameter in the Top Corner display field moves the upper left
corner of the key up or down. The key is modified accordingly.
•
Use the parameters in the 2D Size display field to alter the dimension
of the key
•
horizontally (X),
•
vertically (Y), or
•
horizontally and vertically at the same time (All).
•
Use the parameters in the 3D Rotation display field to rotate the center
of the key around the x-, y- or z-axis.
•
Use the parameters in the 3D Position display field to move the center
of the key along the x-, y- or z-axis.
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Keyer Main Menu
HR Keys
For every HR keyer type, you can modify the following properties:
•
Pan/Zoom
•
2D Position
•
2D Size
Figure 48. Modifying the key size, position, and PiP parameters for HR keys
Select the property you want to modify by touching the corresponding
pad and use the Digipots to adjust the parameters.
•
Use the parameters in the Pan/Zoom display field to modify the position and the size of the key.
Note
•
Alternatively, you can use the Joystick to adjust position and size.
Use the parameters in the 2D Position display field to move the center
of the key along the x- and y-axis.
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•
Use the parameters in the 2D Size display field to alter the dimension
of the key
•
horizontally (X),
•
vertically (Y), or
•
horizontally and vertically at the same time (All).
See also Preserve Aspect on page 122 for information on manipulating the
HR video input signal size.
PiP Enable
When enabling PiP, you can change the following parameters to adjust the
PiP function:
•
PiP Size 2D
•
PiP Position 2D
Find detailed information on how to use this function for “PiP in PiP” in
Making a PiP within a PiP in HR Mode on page 61.
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Audio Mixer Main Menu
7.4 Audio Mixer Main Menu
Use the AUDIO MIXER main menu to control all audio channels. Assign the
input source and select the operation mode in the SETUP main menu (see
Audio Submenu on page 129).
You can perform the following actions in the submenus:
•
Set audio channel volume and pan (see page 97).
•
Adjust an audio channel’s EQ and gain settings (see page 99).
•
Set the Main Out, Sub-Out, and Phones Out level (see page 101).
7.4.1 Mixer Submenu
Use the MIXER submenu to control audio channel volume and pan (balance). The number and type (Stereo or Micro) of the channels displayed in
this submenu depend on the Operation Mode selection in the SETUP main
menu (see Audio Submenu on page 129).
Figure 49. Mixer submenu
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If you have already assigned the faders to the audio sources (see Control
Panel Submenu on page 135), this menu functions similar to the Audio
Control Subpanel for the corresponding channels, with the exception that
the Audio Control Subpanel only allows you to control six audio channels
and does not permit panning.
On
Turns the related channel on/off.
PFL
Activates Pre Fader Listening for this channel.
The PFL mode allows you to hear the audio signal on the head-phones as
it sounds before the fader. So you can adjust the sound of this channel
(e.g.with the equalizer), before you mix this channel to Main/Sub.
EQ
Indicates the Equalizer is turned on for this channel. You can turn the
Equalizer on/off for the selected channel in the CHANNEL ADJUST submenu
(page 99).
See Adjusting Audio on page 65 for further information.
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Audio Mixer Main Menu
7.4.2 Channel Adjust Submenu
Use the CHANNEL ADJUST submenu to adjust the settings for the channel
selected in the MIXER submenu, for example, the 4-band equalizer and the
gain.
Figure 50. Channel Adjust submenu
Equalizer On
Turns the Equalizer on/off for the selected channel, i.e. the channel
selected in the MIXER submenu (page 97).
The Low, Mid 1, Mid 2, and High sections allow you to adjust the gain of
four separate frequencies. The frequency of each of the four bands can be
set individually. You may also set the Q factor (quality) – i.e., the width of
the filter – for the Mid 1 and Mid 2 bands.
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Presets
You can choose from the presets list:
•
Default (flat)
•
Rock
•
Pop
•
Classic
In the lower part of the screen, you can adjust the channel’s gain and use
the following functions:
Main
Turns the audio signal on the main output on/off (see Audio Output Types
on page 25).
Sub
Turns the audio signal on the sub output on/off (see Audio Output Types on
page 25).
Phase Invert
This button is only available if you assigned a microphone input to the
channel.
It shifts the phase of a monaural audio signal or one channel of a stereo
audio pair by 180 degrees.
Low Cut
Cuts all frequencies below 100 Hz, to reduce low-level noise. This is especially recommended if a speech signal is assigned to the channel.
Channel Gain (Stereo Input) or Pre Gain (Mic Input)
This slider lets you adjust the input level to get a good level for mixing.
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Audio Mixer Main Menu
7.4.3 Monitor Submenu
Use the MONITOR submenu, to adjust the volume of Main Out, Sub-Out and
the headphones.
Figure 51. Monitor submenu
Mute
Mutes the corresponding output.
This applies to the Main Out, Sub Out, Add Sub to Main, and
Phones Out sections.
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Link
Links/unlinks an output’s left and right channel faders. If Link is on,
moving one fader automatically moves the other one.
This is also useful for balancing different left and right audio levels:
1. Deactivate Link.
2. Set left and right channel to the required levels.
3. Activate Link.
Now you can turn the volume of the output up and down without the
need to compensate for the different levels.
This applies to the Main Out, Sub Out, Add Sub to Main, and
Phones Out sections.
Add Sub to Main
Use these faders to mix the Sub-Mix to Main-Mix.
Phones Out
The Phones Out section offers some additional buttons:
•
Main
Allows you to hear the signals of the Main output on the headphones.
This button is only available if no channel PFL is active.
•
Sub
Allows you to hear the signals of the Sub output on the headphones.
This button is only available if no channel PFL is active.
•
PFL/AFL
Choose if you want to hear the signals of the Main and Sub outputs in
AFL or PFL mode on the headphones. These buttons are only available
if no channel PFL is active.
•
Channel PFL
This button is only available if at least one channel PFL is activated.
Press it to deactivate all channel PFL.
•
High/Mid/Low
Allows you to set the power of the phone amp to adjust it to your
studio headphone: High is 100%, Mid is 50% and Low is 25%.
Use the faders of the Phones Out section to gain up the signal, if necessary.
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Media Player Main Menu
7.5 Media Player Main Menu
Use the MEDIA PLAYER main menu to load and play clips from external
devices, for example a Turbo iDDR. You can also create a favorites list for
quick access to preferred clips.
The configuration of the connected external device is handled in the SETUP
main menu (see External Devices Submenu on page 143).
7.5.1 Remote Control Submenu
Use the REMOTE CONTROL submenu to select the Media Player and the clips
that you want to load and play.
Figure 52. Remote Control submenu
Loop
Sets the loop status of the clip. If active, the defined section (IN/OUT) of
the clip is repeated endlessly (for example, on a Turbo iDDR).
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StepGo one frame backward in the clip.
Step+
Go one frame forward in the clip.
Loading a Clip
To load a clip from an external device:
1. In the Parameter Navigation Area, select the external Media Player (for
example a Turbo iDDR).
See External Devices Submenu on page 143 for information on how to
assign an external device.
2. Press Change Directory to select the desired clip directory on the external
device.
3. Press Refresh Clip List to update the list.
4. Select the desired clip from the list.
5. Press Load Clip.
6. Press Add to Favorites if you want to add this clip to your list of preferred
clips (see Favorites Submenu).
In the Status for Loaded Clip display you get information about the clip’s
start and end time, its duration, and its status. While a clip is playing, you
can also see the current position in the upper row (TC, time code).
Use the player control buttons in the lower right corner to play, pause,
rewind and fast forward the clip.
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Media Player Main Menu
7.5.2 Favorites Submenu
Use the FAVORITES submenu to quickly recall clips without selecting the
external device and the source directory first. To use a clip in this submenu
you first must have loaded the clip and added it to this list with the Add to
Favorites button in the REMOTE CONTROL submenu (see Remote Control
Submenu on page 103).
Figure 53. Favorites submenu
Move To
Moves the selected clip to another destination on this screen. By using this
button, you can change the order of your favorite clips.
To move a clip to another position:
•
Select the clip.
•
Press Move To.
•
Select the desired position.
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Remove from List
Removes the selected clip from the list.
Load Clip
Loads the selected clip.
Use the player control buttons on the bottom to play, pause and rewind the
clip.
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E-MEM Main Menu
7.6 E-MEM Main Menu
Use the E-MEM main menu to store and recall E-MEMs. An E-MEM can be
a stored preset state of the INDIGO AV Mixer, or even a sequence of successive (interpolated) states. The state defines parameter settings for
video, audio, effects and transitions.
After an E-MEM is learned, it is stored into one of 160 available memory
cells that can be accessed via this menu and recalled at a later time.
The first 20 E-MEMs can also be accessed via Numeric Input Subpanel.
Figure 54. E-MEM main menu
Learn
Starts the learning sequence.
Delete
Deletes the selected E-MEM. Only unprotected E-MEMs can be deleted.
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Rename...
Calls up the Virtual Keyboard. Type in the new name and press Ok.
Protect
Protects the selected E-MEM from being deleted.
Recall
Recalls the selected E-MEM.
Enter
Adds a state to the E-MEM that is being learned.
Creating E-MEMs
To store an E-MEM:
1. Select the range in the Parameter Navigation Area (for example, 0 - 19).
2. Select the desired memory cell in the Parameter Edit Area.
3. Select which settings are to be included in the E-MEM by de-/
activating the corresponding buttons below the E-MEM list.
4. Press Learn (activate the button).
5. Make the desired settings, for example, change inputs on the Crossbar
or adjust audio fader settings.
6. Press Enter.
7. If required, repeat steps 5 and 6 until your sequence is finished.
8. Press Learn again.
The E-MEM is now stored to the selected memory cell.
9. If required, press Rename... to rename the E-MEM.
To recall an E-MEM, select it and press Recall.
In addition, you can use the Numeric Input Subpanel to store and recall
E-MEMs (see Numeric Input Subpanel on page 43).
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Correction/Mattes Main Menu
7.7 Correction/Mattes Main Menu
Use the CORRECTION/MATTES main menu to modify the color information of
every video input signal and to define four color mattes (independently
for SD and HR).
7.7.1 Color Correction Submenu
Use the COLOR CORRECTION submenu to change an input signal’s brightness,
contrast and gamma correction for the luma, red, green and blue components, as well as hue and saturation for the chroma component.
Figure 55. Color Correction submenu
Enable
Switches the color correction and the display of the parameters for the
selected source on or off.
A green entry in the Sources list indicates that the color correction is active
for the corresponding source.
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Default
Sets all parameter values to default.
Auto Mode
The following functions are available:
•
White Balance
This automatically compensates for lighting conditions with different
color temperatures. The function finds a reference point which represents white and then adjusts the three color channels accordingly.
•
Contrast
Automatically “stretches” the image to the complete range of luminance.
•
Gamma
Automatically adjusts the gamma settings of the image.
Applying Color Correction to a Video Signal
To modify the color information of a video signal by hand:
1. Select the input source of the video signal from the Sources list.
2. Press Enable to activate the color correction and to display the
parameters.
3. Select the desired color component (Red, Green, or Blue) by touching
the corresponding area on the screen.
4. Use the Digipots to modify the parameters.
5. If required, repeat step 4 for other color components.
6. If required, also adjust Luma and Chroma.
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Correction/Mattes Main Menu
7.7.2 Mattes Submenu
Use the MATTES submenu to change/adjust hue, luma and saturation for
the predefined four SD and four HR color mattes.
Figure 56. Mattes submenu
Default
Sets all parameters to the predefined default values.
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Mattes can be assigned to Control Panel buttons. See Button Assignment on
page 136 for more details.
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7.8 Stills Store Main Menu
Use the STILLS STORE main menu to save up to twelve Stills. A Still can be
a loaded graphic file or a captured frame of a video signal.
You can use the saved Stills as signals for keying (see Keyer Main Menu on
page 83) and assign them to a button on the Control Panel (see Control
Panel Submenu on page 135).
Figure 57. Stills Store main menu
Note
Depending on the Operation Mode (see Video Operation Mode on page 125),
there are both STILL SD and STILL HR submenu, only STILL SD submenu,
or only STILL HR submenu.
The functionality of SD and HR submenu is nearly identical.
Sources
Select the video input source to take the Still from.
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Stills Store Main Menu
Readout
Note
This is only available for STILL HR if an interlaced video standard has been
selected (for example, 1080i).
Select what part of the Still is displayed when you select this Still as a
source signal:
•
Field 1/2 for field 1 or field 2 only
Use the field mode if a movement is in the stored picture.
•
Frame for the full frame
Freeze
Captures the currently displayed video frame of the video input signal
defined by Sources.
Rename...
Opens the Virtual Keyboard. Type in the new name and press Ok.
Load
Opens a dialog to let you select and load a Still from an external USB
device.
This dialog also allows you to create new directories and delete or rename
Stills.
Note
Stills must be JPGs or PNGs and must match the selected video standard
resolution.
Save
Opens a dialog to let you save a Still to an external USB device. Choose
between JPEG and PNG image file formats.
This dialog also allows you to create new directories and delete or rename
Stills.
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For SD, when saving color bars in PNG format, the color Magenta will be
changed, because it exceeds the RGB color space.
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Making a Still
To make a Still:
1. Select the video signal input source from the Sources list.
2. Select the destination memory cell by touching one of the twelve pads
on the right side of the screen.
3. Press Freeze.
The Still automatically receives the name of the corresponding input
source and a thumbnail is shown.
Alternatively, you can make a Still using the FS button on the Delegation
Subpanel (see Delegation Subpanel on page 39):
1. Select a video source in SD or HR mode
2. Press FS to capture a frame of the video input and store it into the next
unused Still Store.
To confirm the storage of the Still, the FS button flashes shortly and the
STILL STORE menu appears (if Auto Menu Delegation is active).
Note
You can only capture Stills from a video source. Color Mattes and already
existing Stills cannot be stored into a Still Store.
Saving a Still
To save a Still to an external USB device:
1. Select the still to be saved by touching one of the twelve pads on the
right side of the screen.
2. Press Save to open the save dialog.
3. Navigate to the desired directory.
The currently selected directory is shown in the Current Directory display.
4. If desired, press Current Filename to change the name.
5. Select JPEG or PNG as file format.
6. Press Save to save the still.
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Stills Store Main Menu
Loading a Still
To load a Still from an external USB device:
1. Select the destination memory cell by touching one of the twelve pads
on the right side of the screen.
2. Press Load to open the load dialog.
3. Navigate to the desired directory.
The currently selected directory is shown in the Current Directory display.
4. Select the desired Still from the list of image files.
The currently selected filename is shown in the Current Filename display.
5. Press Load to open the file.
The Still is loaded into the selected memory cell and a thumbnail is
shown.
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7.9 Setup Main Menu
Use the SETUP main menu to adjust network settings, obtain diagnostic
information, set input and output settings for video and audio, assign
faders and buttons, calibrate the system, manage GPI/GPO settings and
configure the ports and interfaces for every external device connected to
the INDIGO AV Mixer.
Use the tabs on the top to access the following submenus:
•
System Submenu (network settings and diagnostic information)
•
Video Submenu (video signal input and output settings)
•
Audio Submenu (audio signal input and output settings)
•
Control Panel Submenu (assignment of buttons/faders and calibrations)
•
GPIO Submenu (GPI/GPO settings)
•
External Devices Submenu (configuration of the Media Players)
7.9.1 System Submenu
Use this submenu to set up the parameters for a connected network, obtain
information on the system status and set the complete system to default
settings.
Use the buttons in the Parameter Navigation Area on the top to access the
following sections:
Network
In this section, you can configure the ID parameters if the INDIGO AV
Mixer is connected to a network, for example, to remotely control a
Turbo iDDR.
Note
In order to be able to remotely control a Turbo iDDR via network, the INDIGO
AV Mixer and the Turbo iDDR must use the same address range.
You can set up the following ID parameters:
•
IP address
•
Sub Net Mask
Note
Do not use IP addresses starting with 192.168.99.xxx. This may cause malfunctions.
See also Network Operation on page 147 for further information.
Note
116
Do not remove or connect the network cable while you are on air. Removing
or connecting the network cable or changing the network parameters can
cause distortions to the video signals.
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Setup Main Menu
Figure 58. Setting up the network parameters of the system
The Current Network Parameters display shows a summary of the
current settings.
Note
If the network status is displayed in red, there is a major problem with the
network. Fix the problem or switch the system to No Network mode.
Press Edit... to display the buttons for configuring the IP parameters.
No Network
Select this button if the INDIGO AV Mixer is not connected to a network.
Static IP
Select this button if you want to assign static IP parameters. Touch the
display areas for the IP Address and Sub Net Mask to open the Virtual Numeric
Keypad and type in the values.
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Dynamic DHCP
Enables DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) to automate the
assignment of the IP address and Sub Net Mask.
Apply
Applies the new IP parameters to the network.
Note
Updating the values may take up to 30 seconds.
Cancel
Closes the display field to the left and resets the values for IP address and
Sub Net Mask.
Diagnosis
This display provides you with information on:
•
The fan status and the system’s temperature
•
The version of the mainframe and its panel
Figure 59. Overview of the system status
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Setup Main Menu
See Troubleshooting on page 159 for information on how to handle the error
messages.
Reset
Press Reset All to reset the complete system to default settings.
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7.9.2 Video Submenu
Use this submenu to set up the video inputs and outputs.
Use the buttons in the Parameter Navigation Area on the top to access the
following sections:
Video Input Settings
In this section, you define the signal type of every video channel input.
Depending on the input (see Video Inputs on page 19), you can select:
•
SDI (for all sources, except 13 to 15 [HR])
•
Composite (for sources 1 to 6)
•
S-Video (for sources 1 to 4)
•
Downscaled (for sources 9 and 10)
•
DV IEEE 1394 (for sources 11 and 12)
•
VGA, DVI, SDI HD (for sources 13 and 14 [HR])
•
Internal SD (for sources 13 to 15 [HR])
Figure 60. Video input settings
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Setup Main Menu
Downscaled
Inputs 9 and 10 can be set to show downscaled internal HR signals. The
routing is predefined: Input 9 shows the HR program signal (PGM), input
10 shows the HR preview signal (PVW).
DV IEEE 1394
Inputs 11 and 12 can be set to show DV codecs or SDI signals:
•
DV
The signal of the DV input (Firewire) is shown.
•
SDI
The PGM signal is shown.
Note
The Firewire outputs always show the SD PGM signal.
VGA
Inputs 13 and 14 can be set to show VGA signals. If necessary, you can
modify the VGA signal:
•
Use Extended Positioning to adjust (center) a VGA input that does not
match the supported VGA modes. If this button is active, you can
change Position X and Position Y even if Overscan X is 0 (see Alignment section below).
•
Auto Adjust automatically adjusts position and colors of the VGA signal.
•
Activate Manual Gain to manually adjust the signal’s VGA Gain and
VGA Blacklevel.
SDI HD
Inputs 13 and 14 can be set to show SDI HD signals. If necessary, adjust the
aspect of the signal:
•
Like SD-ME adopts the settings from the SD-M/E.
•
4:3 (independent from settings in SD-M/E)
•
16:9 (independent from settings in SD-M/E)
Internal SD
Inputs 13 to 15 can be set to show internal (upscaled) SD signals. The following internal sources can be selected:
•
SD PGM
•
SD PVW
•
SD AUX1
•
SD AUX2
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Bypass Framesync.
Allows you to activate/de-activate the automatic frame synchronization
for synchronous input signals.
This button is only available if Ext. Lock Enable in the Video Output Settings
section is active (see Video SD Output Settings on page 126).
Note
If framesync is active, there is always a delay of at least one frame for this
source.
Alignment
Allows you to adjust the video size of HR sources:
•
Use Overscan X to cut the video signal on the left and on the right.
•
Use Overscan Y to cut the video signal on the top and on the bottom.
•
Use Position X and Position Y to change the position of the video
signal.
Preserve Aspect
Allows you to preserve the aspect ratio of the source signal when changing
the size:
•
If active, after sizing the video signal via Overscan, the image gets resized regarding the aspect ratio. This may result in (black) borders on
the left and right or on the top and bottom of the image if it does not
match the output window exactly.
•
If not active, after sizing the video signal via Overscan, the image gets
re-sized to the full output window, regardless of its original aspect
ratio.
For background signals (program and preset), the “output window” is the
screen of the PGM or PVW monitor. For HR keyers in PiP mode, it is the
size that you defined in the Transform section (see HR Keys on page 95).
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Sync Status indication
The display beneath the type selection shows the sync status of the
selected source.
Depending on the sync status, the display shows the following:
•
Nothing
The display is empty. This means, that Ext. Lock Enable in the Video
Output Settings section is not active (see Video SD Output Settings on
page 126).
•
White message (“Input is asynchronous”)
If this message is shown, the input is not in range for framesync
bypass, and you should not activate the Bypass Framesync button.
•
Yellow message
This means that no proper bypass can be guaranteed. In this case, try
to improve the sync signal:
a. Activate the Ext. Lock Enable button in the Video Output Settings
section (see Video SD Output Settings on page 126).
b. Increase the Phases values in the Video Output Settings section.
Note
If you consider the incoming video signal to be in sync with the reference,
try to set the V phase to a value between 5 and 7.
c. Check, if the Sync Status color changes to green and the message
“Input is in range for framesync bypass” is shown.
d. If necessary, repeat steps b and c.
•
Green message (“Input is in range for framesync bypass”)
If this message is shown, bypass will work properly and you can activate the Bypass Framesync button.
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Input CMD
In this section, you select a command to be executed when a video input
goes “on air”.
Figure 61. Video input CMD settings
If you select Play Current Favorite from the Commands list, the currently
selected favorite clip (see Favorites Submenu on page 105) will be started as
soon as the source input is selected for program output.
Note
For this command to work, the clip must have been saved to Favorites from
the same source that you are now taking to air.
To adjust an offset of the external media player, set an appropriate Preroll
time.
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Setup Main Menu
Video Operation Mode
In this section, you can select the operation mode of your
INDIGO AV Mixer.
Figure 62. Video operation mode
Operation Mode
Select one of the following modes:
•
2 MEs
The 2 ME mode is the standard mode and useful when working with
both SD and HR signals. In this mode, separate SD and HR button
assignment is possible in the Control Panel (see Control Panel Submenu
on page 135).
•
SD-Flat
In the SD mode, only SD ME is available. SD inputs 9 and 10 are
replaced by HR inputs 1 and 2. No HR inputs can be configured for
internal SD sources.
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•
HR-Flat
In the HR mode, only HR ME is available. You can use HR sources 1
and 2 as well as SD sources (except 9 and 10).
When making background transitions in HR mode, transitions
between HR and SD sources are done using the HR effect, transitions
between two SD sources are done using the SD effect.
Note
Due to the limited number of scalers (three), there are some limitations for
source combinations visible on the program out at the same time.
Note
The HR program and preview signals – available in SD output format on SD
AUX 1 and AUX 2 – can be used for recording.
Video SD Output Settings
In this section, you can select the format of the SD video output.
Figure 63. Video SD output settings
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Setup Main Menu
Standard
Select the video standard format: PAL or NTSC.
16:9
Activate this button if you need a 16:9 video output format.
NTSC Pedestal
This button is only available if you selected NTSC as video standard.
Allows you to activate/de-activate an internal offset of the NTSC signal,
to avoid differences in brightness.
Note
The NTSC Pedestal setting always affects both inputs and outputs. Independent settings are not possible.
Ext. Lock Enable
Allows you to lock the INDIGO AV Mixer to an external reference signal.
The external reference signal must match the selected video standard (PAL
or NTSC).
When Ext. Lock Enable is active and a valid reference signal is applied to the
Analog Ref input (see also Analog Ref Connections on page 22), the
INDIGO AV Mixer will enter the Ext. Lock mode.
In Ext. Lock mode, you can use the Phases parameter display field to
adjust the relative position between the output video of the INDIGO AV
Mixer and the reference signal (for example, “start of field”).
Note
Changing the Ext. Lock mode or the phases may cause a momentary signal
distortion on the output.
The current status is shown in the Genlock Status and Input sync status
display.
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Video HR Output Settings
In this section, you can select the format of the HR video output.
Figure 64. Video HR output settings
Graphic Standard
Select the graphic standard of the video output.
Note
Changing the graphic standard may take up to 30 seconds.
To change the graphic standard:
1. Select the desired setting from the Graphic Standard list.
2. Click Apply.
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Setup Main Menu
7.9.3 Audio Submenu
Use this submenu to set up the audio operation mode and check the audio
input and output settings.
Use the buttons in the Parameter Navigation Area on the top to access the
following sections:
Audio Input
In this section, you can select which of the physical Audio Inputs is
assigned to which of the eight internal audio channels, called Mixer
Inputs. The following audio inputs are available:
•
RCA
•
TRS (TRS 1/4’’ Phone)
•
XLR
•
AES
•
SDI
•
SineGen (sine wave generator)
Figure 65. Audio input assignment
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To assign an audio input to an audio channel:
1. Select the desired audio channel from the Mixer Inputs list.
Note
The display of this list depends on the Operation Mode you selected.
2. Select the audio signal’s connection type from the Audio Inputs list.
TRS
If you select a TRS 1/4’’ Phone connection, you can also select the TRS
Source Level (High, Mid or Low).
SDI
The SDI connections provide de-embedded audio. If you select an SDI
input you can also select the group (Group A/B/C/D) and the channel pair
(Pair 1/2) where the audio is to be taken from.
SineGen
The sine wave generator can be used for testing and analyzing purposes.
It generates a frequency of 440 Hz.
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Audio Output
In this section, you can change the settings for Main Out and Sub-Out.
Figure 66. Audio output assignment
Main Out
Select the VU Source, i.e. if you want the PFL (“pre masterfader”) or the
AFL (“after masterfader”) signal to be displayed by the main VU meter on
the right side of the screen.
You can also set the XLR Out Level (i.e., the output gain) to Low, Mid or High.
Sub Out
Provides the same options as Main Out.
In addition, you can set a Delay in milliseconds (independently for left
and right channel), for example, to balance wide distances between the
speakers.
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Source Select allows you to select if the signal comes from MAIN or SUB
source.
If you just want to have a delayed signal from the Main output, use Main.
Otherwise, you have to take care that in all used channels Main Out and
Sub-Out is selected.
Operation Mode
Select one of the following modes:
•
8 Stereo: You can use the audio signals of eight stereo sources, deriving
from RCA, TRS 1/4’’, XLR, AES/EBU signals or even de-embedded
audio from video streams.
•
7 Stereo, 2 Mic: You can use seven stereo audio signals (deriving from
RCA, TRS 1/4’’, XLR, AES/EBU signals or even de-embedded audio
from video streams) and two microphones that are connected to LINE/
MIC IN inputs.
•
6 Stereo, 4 Mic: You can use six stereo audio signals (deriving from RCA,
TRS 1/4’’, XLR, AES/EBU signals or even de-embedded audio from
video streams) and up to four microphones that are connected to
LINE/MIC IN inputs.
Note
132
When assigning an XLR connector to a Mic Input, the corresponding Gain
parameter in Audio Mixer changes from Channel Gain to Mic Gain, indicating
the individually used pre-amplifier circuits.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Setup Main Menu
Audio Follow Video
In this section, you can enable the Audio Follow Video mode for a video
signal. For detailed information see Audio Follow Video on page 64.
Note
You can also assign Audio Follow Video to Stills.
Figure 67. Audio Follow Video assignment
To enable Audio Follow Video:
1. Press AVF Enable.
The Video Sources list is displayed.
2. Select the video signal from the Video Sources list.
You can also select Stills from this list.
3. Press Audio Sources.
The Audio Sources list is displayed.
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4. Select the audio input from the Audio Sources list.
The content of this list depends on the Operation Mode you selected.
5. Press Level-Set.
The volume output level faders for the volume output level are displayed.
6. If desired, you can change the volume level (in dB) for “on air” (right
fader) and “off air” (left fader).
Input Delay
In this section, you can change the delay settings for the audio inputs.
Figure 68. Input Delay
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Setup Main Menu
To change the delay settings for an input:
1. Select the audio input signal in the Mixer Inputs list.
The Video Sources list is displayed.
2. Select the Delay Units.
For Fields and mSec, a Delay parameter field is displayed which allows
you to set the delay in fields or milliseconds.
No Delay sets the delay to zero.
Auto Delay sets the delay automatically in sync with the video signal.
3. Set the delay in the Delay parameter field.
7.9.4 Control Panel Submenu
Use the buttons in the Parameter Navigation Area on the top to access the
following sections:
Calibration
In this section, you can perform the calibration of the following control elements:
•
Audio Faders
•
Joystick
•
Touch Screen
•
Transition Lever Arm (T-Bar)
Additionally, you can also enter the calibration mode of the Touch Screen
by pressing all four Digipots simultaneously.
For detailed descriptions on the calibrations, see Calibrations on page 155.
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Button Assignment
In this section, you can assign a video signal, a Still or a Matte to any
button in the Background Crossbar on the Control Panel.
Figure 69. Assigning video signals to buttons on the Control Panel
Note
Depending on the Operation Mode (see Video Operation Mode on page 125)
you can assign SD and HR buttons, only SD buttons, or only HR buttons.
To assign a button to a signal:
1. Select the desired button from the Buttons list.
([S] stands for the Shift button on the left side of the crossbar.)
2. Select the video signal’s source from the Sources list.
3. Press Assign.
Default
Resets the assignment of the selected button.
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Setup Main Menu
Default All
Resets the assignments of all buttons.
Fader Assignment
In this section, you can assign the audio channels to the six faders on the
Audio Control Subpanel.
Figure 70. Assigning audio signals to faders on the Control Panel
To assign a fader to an audio signal:
1. Select the desired fader from the Fader list.
2. Select the audio signal’s source from the Sources list.
The entries in this list depend on your selection of the operation mode
in the AUDIO submenu.
3. Press Assign.
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Default
Resets the assignment of the selected fader.
Default All
Resets the assignments of all six faders.
7.9.5 GPIO Submenu
Use the buttons in the Parameter Navigation Area on the top to access the
following sections:
GPI
Here you define actions to be triggered for up to eight GPIs. See also Tally/
GPI/GPO on page 30.
Figure 71. Configuring the GPI
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Setup Main Menu
GPIs
Select the desired input from the GPIs list.
Action
Select the action to be triggered from the Action list:
•
None – do nothing
•
Recall Timeline – executes one of the recorded E-MEMs
•
Audio channel On – toggles the on/off status of the selected audio
channel
•
Audio channel PFL – toggles the selected audio channel between PFL
and AFL mode
•
Transition Auto – executes an auto transition
•
Transition Cut – executes a cut
Trigger
Select the trigger type from the Trigger list. Depending on the selected
action, this can be Closed/Opened or Rising/Falling/Both.
EMEM/Channel/Transition
This shows the “destination” of the action. Depending on the selected
action, you can select an E-MEM, a channel or a transition from the list.
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GPO
Here you define settings for up to 16 GPOs. See also Tally/GPI/GPO on
page 30.
Figure 72. Configuring the GPO
To define the settings for a GPO:
1. Select the GPO from the list.
2. Select the video input from the Sources list.
3. Select the Outputs.
Depending on this selection, the GPO reacts if the selected source is
included in an SD PGM signal or an HR PGM signal, or either of them (if
both are selected).
4. Set the desired GPO status from the Active list.
Note
140
If you select Fixed from the Sources list, you can set a GPO to permanent
Open or Closed status.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Setup Main Menu
There are two additional, special Sources:
•
eMEM Level
•
eMEM Pulse
eMEM Level
You can use eMEM Level to, for example, switch lights on and off.
Figure 73. eMEM Level settings
The state of the Active button will be recorded in the E-MEM (if GPO is active
in the E-MEM menu, see E-MEM Main Menu on page 107).
If Active is highlighted, the contact of the corresponding GPO is set to the
Active state (here: Closed).
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eMEM Pulse
You can use eMEM Pulse to, for example, send play commands to devices
that cannot be controlled via RS422 or Ethernet.
Figure 74. eMEM Pulse settings
Pressing the Trigger button will be recorded as event in the E-MEM (if GPO
is active in the E-MEM menu, see E-MEM Main Menu on page 107).
The Trigger button generates a pulse of the set length (here: 1 field). The
polarity is valid for the active range of the pulse (in this example, Closed
is selected, i.e. the contact will be closed for the duration of one field).
The pulse length will also be recorded in the E-MEM, but not the polarity.
If Active is highlighted, the contact of the corresponding GPO is set to the
Active state (here: Closed).
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Setup Main Menu
7.9.6 External Devices Submenu
Use this submenu to define external media players and to set up the
INDIGO AV Mixer for remote control via external devices.
Media Players
In this section you define up to eight external devices (for example, Turbo
iDDR) that you can then access via the MEDIA PLAYER main menu (see Media
Player Main Menu on page 103).
Figure 75. Configuring the media players
To set up, for example, a Turbo iDDR as external player, do the following:
1. Select the desired entry from the list (for example, MediaPlayer1).
2. Select the type of connection, for example, LAN.
3. Select Turbo.
4. Select P1 to have access to player 1 of the selected Turbo iDDR.
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5. Press Connect to establish the connection to the Turbo iDDR.
You can now access this Turbo iDDR’s clips by selecting MP1 from the MEDIA
PLAYER main menu.
Edit
In this section you define how your INDIGO AV Mixer can be remotely
controlled by an external editing system.
Figure 76. Configuring the Indigo for remote control
To set up the INDIGO AV Mixer for remote control:
1. Select the port (RS422 Port 1 or RS422 Port 2) to which the external editing
system is connected.
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Setup Main Menu
2. Select the protocol:
•
GVG 100 allows to control 1 M/E (SD).
•
GVG 200 allows to control 2 M/Es (M/E 1 = SD, M/E 2 = HiRes).
•
GVG Indigo is an extension for GVG 200 and reserved for future use.
3. Select the effect mapping:
•
Mapping GVG 100 provides only 10 background wipes.
•
Mapping GVG 200 provides 36 background wipes.
•
Mapping Indigo provides all effects of the TRANSITION menu.
Note
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
If you select <none> the currently selected effect from the TRANSITION
menu will be used.
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7.10 Load/Save Main Menu
Use the LOAD/SAVE main menu to store and administer complete setups
(including keyer settings, input/output routings, E-MEMs etc.) of your
INDIGO AV Mixer using an external USB device, for example, a USB
stick. Thus, different users can quickly and easily use their individual settings by loading a setup within seconds.
The stored setup files have the extension “.indigo”.
Figure 77. Load/Save main menu
Current Loaded Application
This display shows the name of the latest setup that has been loaded via
the Load button.
Load
Opens the load dialog which lets you load, rename and delete setups.
Save
Opens the save dialog which lets you save, rename and delete setups.
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Section
8
Network Operation
8.1 Purpose
The main purpose of network operation is to connect the
INDIGO AV Mixer to a network, for tasks such as remotely controlling a
Turbo iDDR that also belongs to this network.
Connect the INDIGO AV Mixer to the network via Ethernet.
Note
DHCP is only working if a DHCP server is available in the network (it is NOT
a self organizing network).
8.2 Setting Up a Network Connection
To set up a network connection, do the following:
1. Connect the LAN connector of your INDIGO AV Mixer to the
Turbo iDDR or the router via Ethernet cable.
2. Select the SETUP main menu.
3. Select the SYSTEM submenu.
4. Select Network in the Parameter Navigation Area.
5. Press Edit... to show the possible settings.
In an existing company network or if you use a router, press the
Dynamic DHCP button to enable dynamic address allocation.
– or –
Press Static IP and type in the appropriate IP Address and Sub Net
Mask.
6. Click Apply.
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Note
148
In oder to be able to remotely control a Turbo iDDR via network, the INDIGO
AV Mixer and the Turbo iDDR must use the same address range, for
example:
IP Address
Sub Net Mask
INDIGO AV Mixer
192.168.0.100
255.255.255.0
Turbo iDDR
192.168.0.101
255.255.255.0
Note
Do not use IP addresses starting with 192.168.99.xxx. This may cause malfunctions.
Note
Updating the values may take up to 30 seconds.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
9
External Devices
The INDIGO AV Mixer offers the possibility to remotely control various
external devices, and to be controlled by linear editors via corresponding
protocols.
9.1 Players and Recorders
To remotely control players and recorders via the INDIGO AV Mixer, the
following protocols are supported:
•
GVG-100/200: Supports transport functions only.
GVG-100 supports 1-M/E mixers, GVG-200 also supports 2-M/E
mixers.
•
BVW75: Supports transport functions only.
•
AMP: Extended Odetics protocol providing clip lists and thumbnails
(for example, to remotely control a Turbo iDDR).
9.2 Linear Editors
Using linear editors, the INDIGO AV Mixer can be remotely controlled.
For this purpose, it supports the GVG-100 and GVG-200 protocols.
See External Devices Submenu on page 143 on how to enable remote control
of the INDIGO AV Mixer.
GVG-100
This protocol offers remote control to select:
•
Sources
•
Transitions
•
Effects
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Section 9 — External Devices
GVG-200
This is the same as GVG-100, but allows control of 2-M/E mixers, i.e. the
two M/Es of the INDIGO AV Mixer can be controlled separately.
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Section
10
Maintenance
This chapter shows you how to maintain your INDIGO AV Mixer properly.
10.1 CF Card / Software Update
The software of your INDIGO AV Mixer is stored on a CF (compact flash)
card. The CF card is installed in the slot beneath the lid found on the right
side of the INDIGO AV Mixer.
Needed Parts
The following parts are needed to update the software on the CF card:
•
PC with CF card reader
•
CF card with at least 128 MB capacity, formatted with FAT file system
Note
The CF card of your INDIGO AV Mixer will do, but you may want to keep the
old software on it.
Procedure
To update the software:
1. Download the latest software version (incl. the installation tool) at
http://www.thomsongrassvalley.com/rnt/Switcher/
switcher_Indigo.htm
or
http://gvg.custhelp.com/cgi-bin/gvg.cfg/php/enduser/
std_adp.php?p_faqid=1268.
2. Optionally, save the settings of your INDIGO AV Mixer:
a. Insert a USB flash memory in one of the USB connectors.
b. Select the LOAD/SAVE menu.
c. Select Save and give the saved data a meaningful name.
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d. Wait until the save process is completed.
e. Remove the USB flash memory.
3. Turn off your INDIGO AV Mixer.
4. Open the lid on the right side and remove the CF card.
5. Insert the CF card (or a new, FAT formatted one) into the CF card
reader of the PC.
6. On the PC, open the downloaded self-extracting .EXE file. It will
automatically run the software installation tool Indigo CD.
7. Select Install new software on Indigo device to copy the new software onto
the CF card.
8. Wait until the copy process is completed.
9. Remove the CF card.
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CF Card / Software Update
10. With your INDIGO AV Mixer still turned off, insert the CF card
containing the new software into the slot.
CAUTION Do not insert the CF card below the mainboard.
11. Close the slot.
12. Turn on the INDIGO AV Mixer.
13. Perform an audio fader calibration (see Faders on page 157).
14. Optionally, restore the settings of your INDIGO AV Mixer:
a. Insert the USB flash memory with the saved data in one of the USB
connectors.
b. Select the LOAD/SAVE menu.
c. Select the saved data from the list and press Load.
d. Wait until the load process is completed.
e. Remove the USB flash memory.
15. Start working with the new software.
Contacting Grass Valley Customer Service
Contact Grass Valley Customer Service if you have questions or encounter
any problems:
•
North America: 1-800-547-8949 or 1-530-478-4148
•
ERoW Call Center: +800 80 80 20 20
Accessible from the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
•
+33 1 48 25 20 20 for all other countries outside North America
•
E-mail: gv.indigo.support@thomson.net
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Section 10 — Maintenance
10.2 Cleaning
If the surface, Touch Screen or keys are dirty (for example, from adhesive
residue, dust, stains, or the like), remove the dirt with a clean cloth and
some rubbing alcohol or another mild cleaning agent such as window
cleaner.
Note
When cleaning, do not use cleaning agents containing solvents or cleaners
containing scouring powder or polishing particles as they may damage the
surface and the Touch Screen of your INDIGO AV Mixer.
10.3 Battery
The battery should be changed every three years, to ensure that the system
time is correct.
To change the battery:
1. Switch off the INDIGO AV Mixer.
2. Open the main fan cover at the bottom side by removing the two
screws.
3. Remove the old battery.
4. Insert the new battery.
The battery type must be CR 2032.
5. Close the cover and screw in the screws.
6. Switch on the INDIGO AV Mixer and set the correct system time.
Note
154
The menu to set the system time will be added in the next software release.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Calibrations
10.4 Calibrations
When you switch on your INDIGO AV Mixer for the first time or if you
encounter problems with the operation devices, calibrate the system as follows.
10.4.1 Touch Screen
To calibrate the Touch Screen:
1. Press all four Digipots at once to enter calibration mode.
– or –
Select SETUP main menu, select CONTROL PANEL submenu, press Calib.,
press Touchscreen.
2. Touch the four corners of the Touch Screen one after each other (as
indicated by the calibration procedure).
INDIGO
AV MIXER
Note
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Missing a corner when calibrating makes the Touch Screen inoperable. To
recover, press all four Digipots at once.
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Section 10 — Maintenance
10.4.2 Transition Lever Arm (T-Bar)
To calibrate the Transition Lever Arm:
1. Select SETUP main menu.
2. Select CONTROL PANEL submenu.
3. Press Calib. button.
4. Press T-Bar button to enter calibration mode.
5. Move the Transition Lever Arm up as indicated by the calibration
procedure.
6. Press the OK button.
7. Move the Transition Lever Arm down as indicated by the calibration
procedure.
8. Press the OK button.
9. Press OK again to store the calibration.
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Calibrations
10.4.3 Faders
To calibrate the faders:
1. Select SETUP main menu.
2. Select CONTROL PANEL submenu.
3. Press Calib. button.
4. Press the Audio Fader button to enter calibration mode.
The faders all move automatically to upper and lower position.
5. Press OK to store the calibration.
10.4.4 Joystick
To calibrate the Joystick:
1. Select SETUP main menu.
2. Select CONTROL PANEL submenu.
3. Press Calib. button.
4. Press Joystick button to enter calibration mode.
5. Move the Joystick to the upper left position as indicated by the
calibration procedure.
6. Press the OK button.
7. Move the Joystick to the lower right position as indicated by the
calibration procedure.
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8. Press the OK button.
9. Twist the Joystick to the left as indicated by the calibration procedure.
10. Press the OK button.
11. Twist the Joystick to the right as indicated by the calibration
procedure.
12. Press the OK button.
13. Press OK again to store the calibration.
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Section
11
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides you with hints for dealing with most common problems on your INDIGO AV Mixer.
Further information can be found in the FAQ Database at
www.thomsongrassvalley.com.
If you cannot find a solution to your specific problem, consult your dealer
or Thomson/Grass Valley.
Problem
Possible causes
Possible solution
SETUP
The INDIGO does not start
and the display is black
The power cable is not plugged in
Plug in the power cable and switch on the
device
The INDIGO is off
Switch on the device
There is no CF card with the INDIGO software in the drive
Insert a CF card with the required INDIGO
software
The Transition Lever Arm
does not work correctly
The Transition Lever Arm is not calibrated
Go to Setup > Control Panel > Calib. and
calibrate the Transition Lever Arm
The audio faders do not work
correctly
The audio faders are not calibrated
Go to Setup > Control Panel > Calib. and
calibrate the audio faders
The Touch Screen does not
work correctly
The Touch Screen is not calibrated
Go to Setup > Control Panel > Calib. and
calibrate the Touch Screen
The Joystick does not work
correctly
The Joystick is not calibrated
Go to Setup > Control Panel > Calib. and
calibrate the Joystick
The fan is not working
The fan is blocked
Turn off the unit; check if objects have got
into the cooling slots (do not open the
case)
System is overheated, but the
fans are ok
Cooling slots are obstructed
Check the cooling slots of the unit; do not
place the INDIGO on carpet, papers or
clothes
Too hot environment
When working in extremely hot environments, air condition should be used.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
159
Section 11 — Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible causes
Possible solution
VIDEO
No video from source
No video on PGM/PVW
monitor
The source device is switched off
Switch on the source device
The cables are not connected properly
Check the cables and their connections
The input signal is not routed correctly
Check the input signal routing
The monitor is switched off
Switch on the monitor
The cables are not connected properly
Check the cables and their connections
The FTB button is activated
Deactivate the FTB button
The button assignment is not correct
Go to Setup > Control Panel > Button
Assign and assign the buttons according
to your needs
The video input setup is not correct
Go to Setup > Video > Input and adjust
the input according to your needs
The video output setup is not correct
Go to Setup > Video > Output and adjust
the output according to your needs
No video source is selected on the Background Crossbar
Check the selected sources on the Background Crossbar
The cables are not right connected
Check the input/output connections
The audio input setup is not correct
Go to Setup > Audio > Input and set up
the audio mixer inputs
The audio output setup is not correct
Go to Setup > Audio > Output and check
the settings in [Source Select] and [TRS
Out Level]
The used audio channel is off
Go to the Audio Mixer menu and check
whether the On button is enabled for the
corresponding audio channel;
If the problem still exists, go to Audio
Mixer > Channel Adjust and check
whether the Main and Sub buttons are
enabled for the corresponding audio
channel
AUDIO
No sound on audio output
160
The source device is switched off
Switch on the source device
The cables are not connected properly
Check the cables and their connections
The related fader’s ON button is switched
off
Switch on the fader’s ON button
The related fader is turned down
Turn up the fader
No sound can be heard via
headphones
PFL (of a soundless channel) is active
Turn off PFL for all channels
No sound can be heard via
speakers or headphones, but
the audio meter moves
The main volume is turned down
Turn on the main volume
The speakers/amplifier are/is not connected properly
Check the connection of the speakers and
the amplifier
Sound balance is inverted
The cables are mixed up
Check the audio output connections
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Section
12
Technical Specifications
12.1 Power Supply
Line voltage
100 V … 240 V AC +/-10 % autorange,
power factor corrected
Line frequency
50/60 Hz +/- 5 %
Power consumption
max. 220 W
Leakage current
< 2.5 mA
USB Power
max 0.5 A (all devices)
12.2 Environmental Data
Storage temperature
-20 °C to +70 °C (-4 °F to 158 °F)
Operating temperature +5 °C to +40 °C (41 °F to 104 °F)
Relative humidity
≤ 90 % non-condensing
Electromagnetic
environment
E2 (according to EN55103-1, -2)
12.3 Mechanical Data
Width
444 mm (17.5 inch)
Depth
469 mm (18.5 inch)
Height
57 … 211 mm (2.3 – 8.3 inch)
Weight
INDIGO1-SD 9 kg (19.8 lbs)
INDIGO1-HR 9.5 kg (20.9 lbs)
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
161
Section 12 — Technical Specifications
162
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Glossary
A
Bit Rate
The number of bits per second passed from
one point to another.
AMP (Advanced Media Protocol)
Protocol to send commands via RS-422 serial
link or via an Ethernet connection.
Black Burst
Video reference signal for synchronization
purposes. Contains the combined sync timing elements of a video signal along with the
color burst signal.
Auto Transition
A transition having a predefined duration
generally initiated by pressing a control panel button.
Box Wipe
A rectangular wipe pattern. For masking, the
system provides a special box wipe pattern
generator allowing independent control of
the placement of each side of the box.
Aspect
The ratio of a picture’s horizontal and vertical dimensions when correctly displayed
(4:3, 16:9).
Auxiliary
Bus
A bunch of parallel conductors or signal
channels connecting various inputs and outputs.
Supplemental equipment or features that
provide capabilities to the basic system.
Audio Follow Video
A video recording, mixing or switching technique in which the audio signal associated
with any given video signal is recorded,
switched, or mixed with that video signal.
B
C
Channel Gain
See Gain.
Chroma
Background Transition
A transition between the background video
signals selected.
Background Video
Video that forms a background scene into
which a key may be inserted.
Backing Color
The depth or saturation of color. Chroma,
hue, and luminance make up the three characteristics of television color.
Chroma Key
A video key effect in which one video signal
is inserted in place of areas of a particular
color in another video signal. Blue and green
are the chroma key colors most frequently
used.
The color in a chroma key scene that will be
replaced with another video signal.
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163
Glossary
Clip
A threshold level adjustment to which the
keying attribute (luminance, chrominance) is
compared for generating the internal key
control signal. Clip, in conjunction with gain,
sets the switching point between the background and the key fill. Also see Gain.
Composite Video
An encoded video signal that combines color
information with luminance information.
NTSC, PAL, and D-2 are examples of composite video.
Compositing
Combining two or more video signals together into one output signal.
Control Signal
A signal used to perform an alteration or
transition of video signals. For example, control signals are used for keying, masking,
and wipe transitions.
Control Surface
The set of controls available to a single operator. These controls may reside on separate
but related control panels.
Cross Fade
See Mix.
Crossbar
Mechanical device with push-buttons to connect various inputs and outputs.
Crosspoint
An electronic switch, usually controlled by a
button on the panel, that allows video or audio to pass when the switch is closed.
Delegate
To assign panel controls to a particular operating function. Some panel controls (buttons,
knobs, Joystick) can affect more than one
function. The operator can choose an alternative function by delegating the panel controls
to that function (typically by pressing or
holding down a panel button).
Deserializer
A device that converts serial digital information to parallel.
Dissolve
See Mix.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
A protocol for automatically assigning addresses to clients when they connect to a network, and recovering the addresses when
they disconnect.
Digipot
Abbreviation for DIGItal POTentiometer. A
Digipot facilitates to control an analog output by a digital input.
DPM (Digital Picture Manipulator)
A digital video effects systems which can
manipulate a video picture to change its size,
shape, angle, etc.
DVE (Digital Video Effect)
Visual effect that provides interesting transitions from one scene to another (for example,
fades, wipes, page turns, etc.) rather than just
switching signals.
DVI-D
Cut
An instantaneous switch from one picture to
another. Switching circuitry allows cuts only
during the vertical interval of the video signal to prevent disruption of the picture.
164
D
DVI-D is an interface for transferring digital
video information. It is commonly used for
high definition (HD) signals, for example,
from PC to TFT monitor.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Glossary
DVI-I
Field
DVI-I transfers digital and analog video information via one single interface. Thus, using a simple adapter, a VGA signal can be
derived from the DVI-I output.
One scan of an interlaced video image. In interlace systems, two fields are required to
make a complete picture (video frame) because alternate lines are scanned.
Fill Video
E
A video signal which fills a hole cut in background video by a key control signal.
Effect
A setup of panel controls specifying the
sources involved and any processing applied
to those sources. Effects can be learned
(saved) and recalled by the E-MEM effects
memory system.
Flip-Flop
A transition where the sources selected on
the background buses (for example, preset
and program) of an M/E are exchanged at
the end of a transition. The original preset
bus source becomes selected on the program
bus, and the original program bus source becomes selected on the preset bus.
Effect Transition
Recalling an E-MEM effect so that a transition is automatically performed at the start of
the recall.
Frame
One complete scan of a video image. For interlace video, alternate lines are scanned, and
so a frame containing all the picture information consists of two fields.
Effects Processor
The portion of a switcher that performs mixes, wipes and cuts between background
and/or effects key video signals.
Frame Rate
E-MEM Effects Memory
The number of frames presented per second.
For interlace systems the frame rate is half
the field presentation rate.
A feature that permits control panel setups to
be stored for later recall.
Ethernet
A form of high speed data transport between
devices on a network.
F
Fade to Black
A mix transition to black.
Fader
Straight-line slider for the audio level control.
G
Gain
An amplification factor applied to a key control signal by a keyer that determines how
much, if any, of the background and key fill
video will be mixed together at the key edge
areas. Low gain (1, or unity) generally results
in a linear key.
Also the amplification (boost) of an audio
signal, esp. useful with mic inputs.
GP (General Purpose Interface)
An interface that allows limited remote control of some of a device’s functions.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
165
Glossary
GPI (General Purpose Interface Input)
I
see GP
GPO (General Purpose Interface Output)
Interlace
A system of video scanning where the odd
and even numbered lines of a picture are presented consecutively as two separate interleaved fields. The two fields required to
make a complete picture are called a frame.
see GP
GVG-100/200
Protocol to send commands via serial link.
H
K
HD
Key
Abbreviation for High Definition.
Digital HD video provides a higher resolution (up to 1920 x 1080 pixels) and thus
shows much more details than standard definition video.
Hi-Res, HiRes
Abbreviation for High Resolution.
Usually describes screen or video resolutions
of 800 x 600 pixels or higher.
House Sync
Sync generated within a facility that is used
as a reference for generating and/or timing
other signals.
An effect where a portion of a background
scene is replaced by a new video. Key cut
and key fill signals are involved, though in
some cases the same signal may be used for
both (self key).
Key Cut
In key effects, the key cut signal is used to
specify where to cut a hole in the background
that will be filled with the key fill video. The
key cut signal determines the shape of the
key effect.
Key Fill
In key effects, the video signal which fills the
hole cut in the background video.
Key Frame
HR
See Hi-Res.
Hue
The location of a color on the color spectrum
(i.e. red, yellow, green, blue). Chroma, hue,
and luminance make up the three characteristics of television color.
A complete definition of an effect at a single
point in time. Default keyframe values can
be set. See Snapshot.
Key Invert
Reversing the polarity of a key, such that material formerly keyed out will be keyed in,
and vice versa.
Key Mask
A key mode which allows use of a wipe pattern generator to prevent some undesirable
portions of the key cut signal from cutting
holes in the background video.
166
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Glossary
Key Memory
Luminance
A feature where the last keying and video
processing settings for a source are retained
and re-imposed when that source is re-selected. Default source memory values can be set
for each source on each bus.
The brightness of the picture or area of the
screen being considered. Chroma, hue, and
luminance make up the three characteristics
of television color.
Luminance Key
Key Priority
The stacking order of multiple keys. The
keyed signal with the highest priority appears in front of all the others. Keyed signals
appear below higher priority keys and in
front of lower priority keys, in a stack. A key
priority transition changes the order of the
keys without changing the background output.
L
A key effect in which the portions of the key
cut signal that are greater in luminance than
the clip level cuts the hole in the background
scene. Generally used when the key cut and
key fill signals originate from the same
source. Luminance key clip and gain is adjustable.
M
Mask
See Key Mask.
Limiter
A function which prevents audio levels from
exceeding a specified threshold. Used to suppress peaks in audio with large differences in
amplitude.
Matte
Internally-generated color video which can
be adjusted for luminance, hue, and chroma.
Matte can be used to fill areas of keys and
borders.
Linear Key
A Luminance key with a special parameter
Setting: gain 100%, Clip 50%.
Matte Fill
Using matte video to fill the hole of a key effect.
Look Ahead Preview
Video that shows the result of the currently
setup next transition.
Matte Generator
A video generator that produces matte signals.
Looping, Loop-Through
An input that includes two connectors. One
connector accepts the input signal, and the
other connector is used as an output for connecting the input signal to another piece of
equipment.
Low Cut
A high pass filter that removes low frequencies from an audio signal. Useful for speakers
to remove low-level noise and to make
speech clearer.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
M/E
Abbreviation of mix/effects, pertaining to
the circuitry and controls involved in compositing video signals.
Mix
A transition between two video signals in
which one signal is faded down as the other
is faded up.
167
Glossary
Multiplier
A control circuit in which a control signal is
multiplied with one or more input video signals. The resulting video output level varies
from full on to full off according to the state
of the control signal.
O
A location in the system where a resource is
used. A resource is generally used at different locations at different times. However,
with some resources it is possible to use the
same resource at different locations at the
same time.
Post-Fader
Object
An individual functional area of a system,
typically one of several having similar capabilities.
A term used to describe an aux send (or other
output) that is connected so that it is affected
by the setting of the associated channel fader.
Pre-Fader
A term to describe an aux send (or other output) that is connected so that it is not affected
by the setting of the associated channel fader.
P
Pattern Border
A variable width border that occurs at the
edges of a wipe pattern.
PFL (Pre Fade Listen)
Monitoring audio before level adjustments
with the audio channel faders. Used to check
the input audio.
PGM (Program signal output)
The final video and audio signals from this
system, after the application of the effects.
The video seen by viewers.
Phase Invert
A switch in the audio channel. It inverts the
polarity of the signal to correct for balanced
lines and mics that are wired backwards.
May in some cases improve sound if signals
are out of phase.
Pixel
A picture element. A pixel is a digital sample
of the luminance and color values of a picture at a single point.
168
Point of Use
Preset Bus
A row of source buttons used to select the
source that will be output by the M/E during
the next background transition.
Preset Pattern
A key effect in which a wipe pattern that has
been preset to a desired size and location is
used to cut the key hole. The characteristics
of the pattern are set using pattern controls.
Preview
A video signal that is viewed before it is output by the switcher. See also Look Ahead Preview and Switched Preview.
Program Bus
A row of source buttons used to select the
source for the current output of the M/E.
Programmable Clean Feed
A type of clean feed where different keys can
be selected for inclusion or exclusion from
the clean feed.
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Glossary
R
Serial Interface
Recall
To restore a previous panel setup that has
been learned using E-MEM.
Reclocking
The process of clocking the data with a regenerated clock to remove jitter.
Resource
A capability of the system, typically consisting of a set of circuitry.
Register
A place to store an effect.
An interface which allows the switcher to be
controlled remotely by a computer editor or
other serial controller. Data is passed serially
between the editor and the switcher at selectable baud (transmission) rates.
Serializer
A device that converts parallel digital information to serial.
Snapshot
An E-MEM with only one keyframe.
Soft Border
A wipe pattern border which is mixed on the
edges to give a soft effect.
Soft Edge
S
S-Video
Transfers video data via Hosiden/MiniDIN-plug. Uses different carrier signals for
luminance and chrominance.
Saturation
The degree of purity of a color. Adding white
to a color reduces its degree of saturation.
SDI (Serial Digital Interface)
Transfers video, audio and timecode data.
Self Key
A key effect in which a single video signal
serves as both the key cut and key fill.
Serial Digital Video
Passing video data bits in serial form (one bit
after another), along a single wire.
Standard
A pattern edge between two video signals in
which the signals are mixed for a soft effect.
Source
1) An external device providing video. A
source may provide only one video signal, or
it may provide two signals (key fill and key
cut).
2) The video signal(s) from a source, along
with the source definition information associated with that source.
Stack
See Key Priority.
Still Store
A device that captures, saves, and outputs a
still video image.
Store (Learn)
To save a panel setup using E-MEM.
Definition serial digital video (SMPTE 259M)
operates at 270 MBits/sec (2 x 13.5 MHz x 10
bits).
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
169
Glossary
Sync
1) General term for a synchronizing signal or
signal component. Digital systems generally
employ an analog external timing reference
signal (such as color black or tri-level sync) to
synchronize different pieces of equipment.
Within the digital signal itself, however, synchronizing information is carried by special
digital codes inserted at the beginning and
end of each active line.
2) In analog television systems, sync is the
portion of the video signal which occurs during blanking and is used to synchronize the
operation of cameras, monitors, and other
equipment. Horizontal sync occurs within
the blanking period in each horizontal scanning line, and vertical sync occurs within the
vertical blanking period. A color black signal
is often used for synchronizing different
pieces of analog equipment.
Transition Lever Arm
A hand gear to manually execute transitions.
V
Vertical Interval
The portion of the video signal that occurs
between the end of one field or frame and the
beginning of the next.
VDR (Video Disk Recorder)
A video recorder and playback device using
hard disk storage in place of video tape.
Video Fill
A video signal used to fill the hole made by a
key cut signal.
Video Path
The path that video takes through the
switcher.
T
T-Bar
W
See Transition Lever Arm.
Tally
A light which lights up to indicate that the
associated button has been selected or to indicate that the associated input to the switcher is on-air.
Terminate, Termination
To complete a circuit by connecting a resistive load to it.
Touch Screen
A screen with a touch-sensitive film on top,
allowing a user to touch areas of the screen to
press buttons and move sliders.
Wash Matte
A type of matte that contains two elements
rather than a single flat color. For example, a
wash matte can have one color that mixes
gradually across the screen to another color.
Wipe
A transition between two video signals that
occurs in the shape of a selected pattern.
Wipe Pattern Generator
Circuitry that creates patterns that can be
used to create wipe transitions, preset patterns, key masks, and matte washes.
Transition
A change from one picture to another. Cut,
mix, and wipe are transitions.
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INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Index
A
C
Adjusting audio settings 65
Adjusting the key parameters 85
AES/EBU pin out 26
AFL (After Fader Listening) 66
Analog Ref connections 22
Applying Color Correction to a Video Signal 110
Audio
Adjusting 65
Audio Follow Video 64
Audio Mixer Main Menu 97
Audio Submenu 129
Channel volume levels 45
Control Subpanel 44
De-embedded 24
Embedded 24
Enabling Audio Follow Video 133
Initial settings 34
Input connections 23
Input Delay 134
Input settings 129
Operation mode 132
Output connections 25
Output settings 131
Audio Follow Video 133
Auto Menu Delegation 77
Auxiliary monitors connection 28
Calibration
Faders 157
Joystick 157
Touch Screen 155
Transition Lever Arm 156
CF Card 151
Changing the battery 154
Channel Adjust Submenu 99
Chroma Key 53
Cleaning the device 154
Cleanup and Density 50
Clip and Gain 50
Color Correction 110
Color Correction Submenu 109
Connections
Analog Ref section 22
Audio input 23
Audio output 25
Auxiliary monitors output (AUX) 28
Black Burst input/output 22
Preview monitors output (PREVIEW OUT) 28
Program monitors output (PGM OUT) 28
USB ports 29
Video input 19
Video output 20
Control features 37
Control Panel 37
Control Panel Submenu 135
Correction/Mattes Main Menu 109
Crop function 89
Crossbars 40
Cut 48
B
Background Crossbar 40
Background Preset Crossbar 40
Background transition 55
Battery 154
Black Burst input/output connections 22
Border 51
Bus Crossbar 40
Bus Delegation 39
Button assignment 136
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
D
De-embedded Audio 24
Delegation Subpanel 39
DHCP 118
Diagnosis 118
171
Index
Digipots 39
Digital audio
AES/EBU pin out 26
Duration Submenu 82
H
HiRes board 20
I
E
Effect categories
HR 81
SD 79
Effect patterns
HR 81
SD 80
Effects Submenu 78
Embedded Audio 24
E-MEM Main Menu 107
E-MEMs 107
Equalizer 65
Equalizer engaging 99
External devices 149
External Devices Submenu 143
F
Fader assignment 137
Fader calibration 157
Favorites Submenu 105
FGD Fade (Foreground Fade) 86
Force FGD 92
FTB (Fade to Black) 49
Interfaces 149
Inverting keys 51
Inverting the key signal 86
IP Address 147
J
Joystick 45
Joystick calibration 157
K
Key
Border 88
Control signal adjustment 50
Crop 88
Invert 51
Mask/Pattern 91
Parameters 85
Signal invert 86
Size and position 93
Type selection 83
Keyer Main Menu 83
Keying 50
L
G
GPI configuration 138
GPI/Tally/GPO connector 30
GPIO Submenu 138
GPO
configuration 140
eMEM Level 141
eMEM Pulse 142
Ground Screw 18
GVG-100 149
GVG-200 150
172
LED Peak-Meters 45
Linear Editors (protocols) 149
Linking/Unlinking the faders 102
Load/Save Main Menu 146
Loading a clip 104
Loading a Still 115
Low Cut 100
Luminance Key 52
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
Index
M
O
Main Menu
Audio Mixer 97
Correction/Mattes 109
E-MEM 107
Keyer 83
Load/Save 146
Media Player 103
Setup 116
Stills Store 112
Transition 77
Main Menu tab cards 74
Main transition elements 41
Main Transitions Subpanel 41
Making a background transition 55
Making a chroma key 58
Making a PiP (Picture in Picture)
HR Mode 61
SD Mode 60
within a PiP in HR mode 61
Making a Still 114
Making an effect transition 59
Making E-MEMs 108
Mask/Pattern 91
Mattes Submenu 111
Media Player Main Menu 103
Menu
Locked 77
Unlocked 77
Menu lock 38
Menu organization 74
Microphone inputs 65
Mix 49
Modifying the key border 88
Modifying the key size and position 93
Monitor Submenu 101
Onscreen Preview 47, 76
Opacity 51
Operation Mode 125
Overview of effect patterns
HR 81
SD 80
N
Network connection 147
Network settings 116
Numeric Input Subpanel 43
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
P
Parameter Edit Area 74
Parameter Navigation Area 74
Peak-Meters 45
PFL (Pre Fader Listening) 66
Phase Invert 100
PiP (Picture in Picture)
in HR mode 61
in SD mode 60
within PiP in HR mode 61
Players and recorders (protocols) 149
Power cable 18
Pre-selecting the background for a transition 40
Preview monitors connection 28
Preview of signal transition 47
Program monitors connection 28
Protocols 149
R
Remote control protocols 149
Remote Control Submenu 103
Resetting the system 119
S
Safety Summary 9
Safety terms in the manual 9
Safety terms on the product 9
Saving a Still 114
SD/HR Effects Submenu 78
Selecting an effect 78
Selecting audio sources 47
Selecting the current background picture 40
Selecting the key type 83
173
Index
Selecting video sources 46
Setup Main Menu 116
Signal transition preview 47
Software update 151
Source of fill and key signal 84
Stereo inputs 65
Stills Store Main Menu 112
Sub Net Mask 147
Submenu
Audio 129
Channel Adjust 99
Color Correction 109
Control Panel 135
Duration 82
Effects 78
External Devices 143
Favorites 105
GPIO 138
Mattes 111
Monitor 101
Remote Control 103
SD/HR Effects 78
System 116
Video 120
Submenu tab cards 74
Supress FGD 92
Symbols on the product 10
System reset 119
System Submenu 116
V
Video
HR Output settings 128
Initial settings 33
Input CMD 124
Input connections 19
Input settings 120
Operation Mode 125
Output connections 20
SD Output settings 126
Selecting sources 46
Video Submenu 120
Video Overlay 47, 76
Virtual Keyboard 75
Virtual Numeric Keypad 75
Volume levels for the audio channels 45
W
Wipe 49
T
Tally Breakout Adapter 30
Technical data 161
Touch screen 38
Touch Screen calibration 155
Transition Lever Arm 43
Transition Lever Arm calibration 156
Transition Main Menu 77
Transitions 48
Troubleshooting 159
U
USB ports 29
174
INDIGO AV Mixer User Manual
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