Lab 6.2.9 Firmware Upgrade of a Catalyst 2950 Series Switch Objective • Create and verify a basic switch configuration. • Upgrade the IOS and HTML files from a file supplied by the instructor. Background/Preparation Cable a network similar to the one in the diagram. The configuration output used in this lab is produced from a 2950 series switch. Any other switch used may produce different output. The following steps are to be executed on each switch unless specifically instructed otherwise. Start a HyperTerminal session. Notes: This lab requires that a combination of an IOS image and the HTML file called c2950c3h2s-mz.120-5.3.WC.1.tar be placed in the default TFTP server directory (folder) by the instructor or student. This file should be downloaded by the instructor from the Cisco Connection on-line software center. It has been determined that this file is the latest update for the Catalyst 2950. This has the same file name stem as the current image. However, for the purpose of the lab, assume that this is an update. The IOS update release contains new HTML files to support changes to the web interface. This lab requires that there is a saved copy of the current configuration file as backup. Note: Go to the erase and reload instructions at the end of this lab. Perform those steps on all switches in this lab assignment before continuing. 1-5 CCNA 3: Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing v 3.1 - Lab 6.2.9 Copyright 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. Step 1 Configure the switch Configure the hostname, access, and command mode passwords, as well as the management LAN settings. These values are shown in the chart. If problems occur while performing this configuration, refer to the Basic Switch Configuration lab. Step 2 Configure the host attached to the switch Configure the host to use the same IP subnet for the address, mask, and default gateway as on the switch. Step 3 Verify connectivity a. To verify that the host and switch are correctly configured, ping the switch IP address from the host. b. Was the ping successful? ____________________________________________________ c. If the answer is no, troubleshoot the host and switch configurations. Step 4 Display the name of the running image file a. Display the name of the running image file using the show boot command from the Privileged EXEC mode prompt as follows: ALSwitch#show boot BOOT path-list: Config file: flash:config.text Enable Break: no Manual Boot: no HELPER path-list: NVRAM/Config file buffer size: 32768 ALSwitch# b. If there is no software image defined in the boot path, enter dir flash: or show flash to display the contents as follows: ALSwitch#dir flash: Directory of flash:/ 2 -rwx 1674921 Mar 01 1993 01:28:10 c2950-c3h2s-mz.120-5.3.WC.1.bin 3 -rwx 269 Jan 01 1970 00:00:57 env_vars 4 drwx 10240 Mar 01 1993 00:21:13 html 165-rwx 965 Mar 01 1993 00:22:23 config.text 7741440 bytes total (4778496 bytes free) Step 5 Prepare for the new image a. If the switch has enough free memory as shown in the last command, rename the existing IOS file to the same name with the .old extension as follows: Note: If there is not enough memory, make sure there is a copy of the IOS on the TFTP server. ALSwitch#rename flash:c2950-c3h2s-mz.120-5.3.WC.1.bin flash:c2950c3h2s-mz.120-5.3.WC.1.old 2-5 CCNA 3: Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing v 3.1 - Lab 6.2.9 Copyright 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. b. Enter the following to verify that the renaming was successful: ALSwitch#dir flash: Directory of flash:/ 2 -rwx 1674921 Mar 01 1993 01:28:10 c2950-c3h2s-mz.120-5.3.WC.1.old 3 -rwx 269 Jan 01 1970 00:00:57 env_vars 4 drwx 10240 Mar 01 1993 00:21:13 html 167 -rwx 965 Mar 01 1993 00:22:23 config.text 7741440 bytes total (4778496 bytes free) ALSwitch# c. As a precaution, enter the following to disable access to the switch HTML pages: ALSwitch(config)#no ip http server d. Remove existing html files. ALSwitch#delete flash:html/* Step 6 Extract the new IOS image and HTML files into flash memory a. Enter the following to extract the new IOS image and HTML files into flash memory: ALSwitch#archive tar /x tftp://192.168.1.3/c2950-c3h2s-mz.1205.3.WC.1.tar flash: Note: Depending on the TFTP server being used only one slash (/) after the IP address of the server may be needed. b. Re-enable access to the switch HTML pages as follows: ALSwitch(config)#ip http server Step 7 Associate the new boot file Enter the boot command with the name of the new image filename at the configuration mode prompt. ALSwitch(config)#boot system flash:c2950-c3h2s-mz.120-5.4.WC.1.bin Step 8 Restart the switch a. Restart the switch by using the reload command to see if the new IOS loaded. Use the show version command to see the IOS file name. b. What was the name of the IOS file the switch booted from? ___________________________ c. Was this the proper file name? ________________________________________________ d. If the IOS filename is now correct remove the backup file from flash memory using the command delete flash: c2950-c3h2s-mz.120-5.3.WC.1.old from the Privileged EXEC mode prompt to remove the backup file. Once the steps are completed, logoff by typing exit, and turn all the devices off. Then remove and store the cables and adapter. 3-5 CCNA 3: Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing v 3.1 - Lab 6.2.9 Copyright 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. Erasing and Reloading the Switch For the majority of the labs in CCNA 3 and CCNA 4 it is necessary to start with an unconfigured switch. Use of a switch with an existing configuration may produce unpredictable results. These instructions allow preparation of the switch prior to performing the lab so previous configuration options do not interfere. The following is the procedure for clearing out previous configurations and starting with an unconfigured switch. Instructions are provided for the 2900, 2950, and 1900 Series switches. 2900 and 2950 Series Switches 1. Enter into the privileged EXEC mode by typing enable. If prompted for a password, enter class (if that does not work, ask the instructor). Switch>enable 2. Remove the VLAN database information file. Switch#delete flash:vlan.dat Delete filename [vlan.dat]?[Enter] Delete flash:vlan.dat? [confirm] [Enter] If there was no VLAN file, this message is displayed. %Error deleting flash:vlan.dat (No such file or directory) 3. Remove the switch startup configuration file from NVRAM. Switch#erase startup-config The responding line prompt will be: Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] Press Enter to confirm. The response should be: Erase of nvram: complete 4. Check that VLAN information was deleted. Verify that the VLAN configuration was deleted in Step 2 using the show vlan command. If previous VLAN configuration information (other than the default management VLAN 1) is still present it will be necessary to power cycle the switch (hardware restart) instead of issuing the reload command. To power cycle the switch, remove the power cord from the back of the switch or unplug it. Then plug it back in. If the VLAN information was successfully deleted in Step 2, go to Step 5 and restart the switch using the reload command. 5. Software restart (using the reload command) 4-5 CCNA 3: Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing v 3.1 - Lab 6.2.9 Copyright 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. Note: This step is not necessary if the switch was restarted using the power cycle method. a. At the privileged EXEC mode enter the command reload. Switch(config)#reload The responding line prompt will be: System configuration has been modified. Save? [yes/no]: b. Type n and then press Enter. The responding line prompt will be: Proceed with reload? [confirm] [Enter] The first line of the response will be: Reload requested by console. After the switch has reloaded, the line prompt will be: Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: c. Type n and then press Enter. The responding line prompt will be: Press RETURN to get started! [Enter] 1900 Series Switches 1. Remove VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) information. #delete vtp This command resets the switch with VTP parameters set to factory defaults. All other parameters will be unchanged. Reset system with VTP parameters set to factory defaults, [Y]es or [N]o? Enter y and press Enter. 2. Remove the switch startup configuration from NVRAM. #delete nvram This command resets the switch with factory defaults. All system parameters will revert to their default factory settings. All static and dynamic addresses will be removed. Reset system with factory defaults, [Y]es or [N]o? Enter y and press Enter. 5-5 CCNA 3: Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing v 3.1 - Lab 6.2.9 Copyright 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc.