USER`S MANUAL - Hawking Technology

Hi-Gain™ Wireless-300N Multi-Function Extender Pro
website www.hawkingtech.com
e-mail techsupport@hawkingtech.com
© COPYRIGHT 2012 HAWKING TECHNOLOGIES,INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
HWABN25
USER’S MANUAL 
COPYRIGHT
Copyright ©2012 by Hawking Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the
prior written permission of this company
LIMITED WARRANTY
Hawking Technology guarantees that every HWABN25 Hi-Gain™ Wireless-300N
Multi-Function Extender Pro is free from physical defects in material and workmanship
under normal use for one (1) year from the date of purchase. If the product proves
defective during this one-year warranty period, call Hawking Customer Service in order
to obtain a Return Authorization number. Warranty is for repair or replacement only.
Hawking Technology does not issue any refunds. BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF
OF PURCHASE. RETURN REQUESTS CAN NOT BE PROCESSED WITHOUT
PROOF OF PURCHASE. When returning a product, mark the Return Authorization
number clearly on the outside of the package and include your original proof of purchase.
IN NO EVENT SHALL HAWKING TECHNOLOGY’S LIABILTY EXCEED THE
PRICE PAID FOR THE PRODUCT FROM DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE OF
THE PRODUCT, ITS ACCOMPANYING SOFTWARE OR ITS DOCUMENTATION.
Hawking Technology makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied or
statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and all
accompanying software, and specifically disclaims its quality, performance,
merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose. Hawking Technology reserves the
right to revise or updates its products, software, or documentation without obligation to
notify any individual or entity. Please direct all inquiries to:
techsupport@hawkingtech.com
1
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
FCC Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided instructions
and a minimum 20 cm spacing must be provided between computer mounted antenna and
person’s body (excluding extremities of hands, wrist and feet) during wireless modes of
operation.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
2
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8 inches)
during normal operation.
The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of March 9, 1999 on radio
equipment and telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of
their conformity (R&TTE).
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC
(Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As of
April 8, 2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and
use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static
electricity when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and of the
computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of the
equipment.
3
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the
Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states:
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
EU Countries NOT intended for use
None.
4
Table of Contents
Chapter I: Product Information ........................................................................................... 7
1-1 Introduction and Safety Information ........................................................................ 7
1-2 Safety Information .................................................................................................... 8
1-3 System Requirements ............................................................................................... 9
1-4 Package Contents .................................................................................................... 10
1-5 Product Overview ....................................................................................................11
Chapter II: System and Network Setup ............................................................................ 14
2-1 Build Network Connection ..................................................................................... 14
2-2 Definitions of the HWABN25 Supported Modes ................................................... 15
2-3 Connecting to the HWABN25 via Web Browser ................................................... 19
2-3-1 Windows 95/98/Me IP address setup .............................................................. 20
2-3-2 Windows 2000 IP address setup ...................................................................... 21
2-3-3 Windows XP IP address setup ......................................................................... 23
2-3-4 Windows Vista/7 IP address setup ................................................................... 25
2-3-5 Mac OS X IP Address Setup ........................................................................... 27
2-3-6 Tablet/Smartphone Setup ................................................................................ 28
2-3-7 Accessing the Web Page User Interface .......................................................... 31
2-4 ‘Quick Setup’ .......................................................................................................... 33
2-4-1 Setup Procedure for ‘Access Point’ ................................................................ 35
2-4-2 Setup Procedure ‘Station-Infrastructure’ (Wireless Bridge) ........................... 38
2-4-3 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge-Point to Point’: ............................................ 40
2-4-4 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point’ ................................... 42
2-4-5 Setup Procedure for ‘AP-Bridge WDS’ .......................................................... 44
2-4-6 Setup Procedure for ‘Universal Repeater’ ...................................................... 46
Chapter III General Setup ................................................................................................. 49
3-1 Change Management password .............................................................................. 50
3-2 Wired LAN Configuration ...................................................................................... 53
3-2-1 Local Network ................................................................................................. 54
3-2-2 DHCP Server: .................................................................................................. 55
3-3 Wireless Network ................................................................................................... 57
3-3-1 Basic Wireless Settings ................................................................................... 57
3-3-2 Advanced Wireless Settings ............................................................................ 68
3-3-3 Security Settings .............................................................................................. 71
5
3-3-4 Wireless Access Control .................................................................................. 77
3-3-5 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) ......................................................................... 80
3-3-6 Security Tips for Wireless Network ................................................................ 83
Chapter IV Status and Tools ............................................................................................. 84
4-1 System Status .......................................................................................................... 84
4-1-1 System information and firmware version ...................................................... 84
4-1-2 Local Network ................................................................................................. 86
4-1-3 Statistics .......................................................................................................... 88
4-2 Configuration Tools ................................................................................................ 89
4-3 Firmware Upgrade .................................................................................................. 90
4-4 System Reset........................................................................................................... 92
Chapter V: Appendix ......................................................................................................... 93
5-1 Hardware Specification .......................................................................................... 93
5-2 Troubleshooting ...................................................................................................... 94
5-3 Glossary .................................................................................................................. 96
6
Chapter I: Product Information
1-1 Introduction and Safety Information
Thank you for purchasing the HWABN25 Hi-Gain™ Wireless-300N Multi-Function
Extender Pro. This highly efficient access point is the best choice for Small office /
Home office users. It allows computers and network devices to gain wireless access in
several modes throughout their network. Easy install procedures allow any computer user
to setup a network environment in a very short time.
All computers and wireless-enabled network devices (including PDA, cellular phone,
game console, etc.) can connect to this Hi-Gain™ Wireless-300N Multi-Function
Extender Pro without additional cabling. 802.11N wireless capability also gives you the
highest wireless speeds.
Other features of the HWABN25 include:
• Provides IEEE 802.11b/g/Draft-N wireless LAN capability
• 6 different Wireless Modes: Access Point, Bridge Client, Bridge Point to Point,
Bridge Point to Multi-Point, AP Bridge WDS modes, Universal Repeater
•
•
Supports 64/128-bit WEP, WPA, and WPA2 wireless data encryption.
Supports MAC address filtering (Only allow specific wireless device of your
choice to connect to this access point).
•
One wired LAN port (10/100M)
• Auto MDI / MDI-X function for all wired Ethernet ports.
•
•
•
Provides IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n wireless LAN capability.
Support DHCP (Server/Client) for easy IP-address setup.
Easy to use Web-based GUI for network configuration and management purposes.
7
1-2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and property, please follow these safety instructions:
1. This access point is designed for indoor use only; DO NOT place this Extender
outdoors.
2. DO NOT put this Extender at or near hot or humid places, like kitchens or bathrooms.
Also, do not leave this access point in the car in summer.
3. DO NOT pull any connected cable with force; disconnect them from the access point
first.
4. If you want to place this Extender in a high place or hang on the wall, please make sure
the Extender is firmly secured. Falling can damage the Extender and its accessories and
the warranty will be void.
5. Accessories of this Extender, such as the power supply, are a danger to small children
under 3 years old. KEEP THIS EXTENDER OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN!
6. The Extender will become warm when used for a long period of time (This is normal
and is not a malfunction). DO NOT put this access point on paper, cloth, or other
flammable materials.
7. There are no user-serviceable parts inside the Extender. If you have found that the
Extender is not working properly, please contact technical support or your place of
purchase and ask for help. DO NOT disassemble the Extender, or warranty will be void.
8. If the Extender falls into water when it’s powered on, DO NOT use your hands to pick
it up. Switch the electrical power off before you do anything, or contact an experienced
technician for help.
9. If you smell something strange, or see smoke coming out from the Extender or power
supply, remove the power supply or switch the electrical power off immediately, and call
techsupport or your place of purchase for help.
8
1-3 System Requirements
•
•
•
One computer (Mac or PC).
Internet Web Browser (Internet Explorer, Safari, etc.)
A Wired or Wireless network adapter (e.g. Airport card, built-in Ethernet adapter,
etc.)
9
1-4 Package Contents
Before you start to use this Extender, please check if there’s anything missing in the
package, and contact your place of purchase or contact Hawking Technologies.
•
•
•
•
1x HWABN25 Hi-Gain™ Wireless-300N Multi-Function Extender Pro
1x AC Power Adapter (5V/2A)
1x Setup CD-ROM
1x Quick Installation Guide (QIG)
10
1-5 Product Overview
Top
LED Name
Light Status Description
On
PWR
WLAN
The access point is switched on and correctly
powered.
Slow Blinking System is reset to factory default, at the same time
WLAN LED is on.
Off
The access point is switched off.
On
Wireless WPS mode is enabled.
Off
Wireless network is switched off.
Flashing
Wireless LAN activity (transferring or receiving
data).
On
LAN port is connected
11
Off
LAN port is not connected
Flashing
LAN activity (transferring or receiving data)
Item Name
Reset / WPS
Description
Reset the router to factory default settings (clear all settings) or start
WPS function. Press this button and hold for 10 seconds to restore all
settings to factory defaults, and press this button for less than 5
seconds to start WPS function.
Bottom
Item Name
Description
Power 5V/2A
Power connector, connects to A/C power adapter.
Ethernet/PoE
Local Area Network (LAN) port. Can also function as a Power
Over Ethernet port if you have a PoE power supply. (sold
12
separately)
13
Chapter II: System and Network Setup
2-1 Build Network Connection
Please follow the following instructions to build the network connection between your
new HWABN25 Hi-Gain™ Wireless-300N Multi-Function Extender Pro and your
computers and other network devices:
1. Connect the A/C power adapter to the wall socket, and then connect it to the ‘Power’
socket of HWABN25 located on the bottom of the unit. You may need to remove
the back panel on the HWABN25 to get to this power socket.
2. Connect your HWABN25’s LAN port to an Ethernet cable. You can plug the other
end into your computer. If you have a wireless device, you can also connect to the
wireless network “Hawking_HWABN25”.
.
3. Log into the setup page to configure the HWABN25.
14
See section 2.3
2-2 Definitions of the HWABN25 Supported Modes
Modes
The HWABN25 supports 6 different modes.
Access Point: The HWABN25 will broadcast a WiFi signal for other computers and
devices to connect to. Must be plugged into the router or network after setup.
Station – Infrastructure (Bridge): The HWABN25 will allow you connect wired
devices wirelessly to an existing wireless router or access point. It will “bridge” these
devices wirelessly with your network. It will not broadcast any WiFi signal. It will
only make a wireless connection between your wireless signal and the HWABN25.
15
AP Bridge – Point to Point: Similar to station-infrastructure, this requires two
HWABN25’s on each end. This will create a wireless bridge between these two points.
No WiFi signal will be broadcast and it will only make a wireless connection between
those two points.
AP Bridge – Point to Multi-Point: Similar to AP Bridge – Point to Point, this allows
you to connect several HWABN25’s to one point. No WiFi signal will be broadcast and
it will only make a wireless connection between the HWABN25s.
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AP Bridge WDS: Wireless Distributing System. This allows you to create a wireless
network using up to four HWABN25’s using the same SSID (wireless name). It will
broadcast a WiFI signal.
Universal Repeater: In this mode, the HWABN25 will repeat the wireless signal of any
existing wireless router/access point. It will act as a wireless relay and create a larger
17
and seamless network for your wireless devices to connect to.
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2-3 Connecting to the HWABN25 via Web Browser
After the network connection is built, the next step you should do is setup the Extender
with proper network parameters, so it can work properly in your network environment.
Before you can connect to the Extender and start configuration procedures, your
computer must be set to obtain an IP automatically. Please follow the following
instructions to configure your computer to use a static IP address:
If the operating system of your computer is….
Windows 95/98/Me
Windows 2000
Windows XP
Windows Vista/7
Mac OS
Tablet/Smartphone
- please go to section 2-3-1
- please go to section 2-3-2
- please go to section 2-3-3
- please go to section 2-3-4
- please go to section 2-3-5
- please go to section 2-3-6
19
2-3-1 Windows 95/98/Me IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network icon, and
Network window will appear. Select ‘TCP/IP’, then click ‘Properties’.
2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server’ and then click ‘OK’.
20
2-3-2 Windows 2000 IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Dial-up
Connections icon; click Local Area Connection, and Local Area
Connection Properties window will appear. Select ‘Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP)’ and then click ‘Properties’
21
2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server
address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.
22
2-3-3 Windows XP IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Internet
Connections icon, click Network Connections, and then double-click Local
Area Connection, Local Area Connection Status window will appear, and
then click ‘Properties’
23
2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server
address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.
24
2-3-4 Windows Vista/7 IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Click View Network Status and Tasks,
and then click Manage Network Connections. Right-click Local Area
Network, then select ‘Properties’. Local Area Connection Properties
window will appear, select ‘Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4), and
then click ‘Properties’
25
2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server
address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.
26
2-3-5 Mac OS X IP Address Setup
1) Go to your system preferences, go to network. Make sure next to “Configure”, you
have it set under “Using DHCP”
27
2-3-6 Tablet/Smartphone Setup
iOS (iPhone or iPad)
Go to your settings on your tablet or smart phone
First, make sure JavaScript is On: Go to Settings icon Select Safari > make sure
JavaScript is ON.
Go back to Home Screen > Select Settings > In Wi-Fi Networks, select
“Hawking_HWABN25”
28
Android (Android 2.1 +)
Go to Settings
Go to Wireless & Networks
Check “Turn on Wi-Fi” and then click on Wi-Fi settings
Look for Hawking_HWABN25, then select to connect
29
30
2-3-7 Accessing the Web Page User Interface
After the IP address setup is complete, please open your web browser.
In the address field, please type: ‘192.168.1.241’ and press enter.
The following message should be shown:
Please input user name and password in the field respectively,
Default Username: admin
Default Password: 1234
Press ‘OK’ button, and you will then see the management interface of this Extender:
31
NOTE: If you can’t see the web management interface, and you are
being prompted to input user name and password again, it means you
didn’t input username and password correctly. Please retype user
name and password again. If you are certain that user name and
password you typed are correct, please go to ‘5-2 Troubleshooting’ to
perform a factory reset, to set the password back to default value.
32
2-4 ‘Quick Setup’
This Extender provides a ‘Quick Setup’ procedure, which will help you to complete all
required settings you need to access the Internet in very short time. Please follow the
following instructions to complete the ‘Quick Setup’:
Please go to Quick Setup Wizard menu by clicking ‘Quick Setup’ button.
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On the drop down box, please choose the wireless mode you wish to use.
modes that the HWABN25 supports:
Access Point
Station-Infrastructure (Bridge)
Bridge Point to Point
Bridge Point to Multi-Point
Bridge WDS
Universal Repeater Mode
There are 6
- Please go to section 2-4-1
- Please go to section 2-4-2
- Please go to section 2-4-3
- Please go to section 2-4-4
- Please go to section 2-4-5
- Please go to section 2-4-6
If you’re not sure, please contact your network administrator. Choosing a wrong mode
will cause wireless and network issues.
34
2-4-1 Setup Procedure for ‘Access Point’
1
2
3
4
5
6
Wireless (1):
Shows you if the wireless is enabled/disabled
Band (2):
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By selecting
different band setting, you’ll be able to allow or deny the
wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz (G), only
wireless clients using the wireless band you select (802.11b,
802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g) will be able to connect to this
access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless clients using
802.11b and 802.11g band will be able to connect to this access
point.
35
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11 Draft-N
clients to connect to this access point, select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Main ESSID (3):
Please input the ESSID (the name used to identify this wireless
access point) for each frequency here. You can input up to 32
alphanumerical characters. PLEASE NOTE THAT ESSID IS
CASE SENSITIVE.
Default SSID: Hawking_HWABN25
Channel Number (4):
Please select a channel number you wish to use. If you know a
certain channel number is being used by other wireless access
points nearby, please refrain from using the same channel
number
Associated Clients (5): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button and a new popup window will
appear which contains the information about all wireless clients
connected to this access point. You can click ‘Refresh’ button in
popup window to keep information up-to-date.
Adv. IP Address (6)
This section allows you to set an IP Address and subnet mask to
fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input.
Otherwise, the default IP Address is 192.168.1.241
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next’ (7) button.
If you wish to have security, please select your level of security here. Refer to Section
3-4-3 for descriptions of security types. Click ‘Apply’ for the device to restart. Click
36
‘Back’ if you wish to make changes. Plug the HWABN25 into your router or network.
Congratulations, you have set up the HWABN25 as an Access Point!
37
2-4-2 Setup Procedure ‘Station-Infrastructure’ (Wireless Bridge)
1
2
3
4
Wireless (1):
Shows you if the wireless is enabled/disabled
Main ESSID (2):
The wireless name of the network you wish to bridge to.
Site Survey (3):
When you select bridge mode, you have to associate it with a
working access point. Click ‘Select Site Survey’, a “Wireless
Site Survey Table” will pop up and list all available access
points nearby. Select one access point in the table and it will
join wireless LAN through this access point.
38
Adv. IP Address (4)
This section allows you to set an IP Address and subnet mask to
fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input.
Otherwise, the default IP Address is 192.168.1.241
When you finish with all settings, press ‘Next’ .
If the network you selected was a secure network, please enter the wireless password
here. Be sure to type in the exact same key your wireless network is using otherwise the
HWABN25 will not be able to connect. Click ‘Apply’ for the device to restart. Click
‘Back’ if you wish to make changes. As it is rebooting, plug in the wired ethernet devices
that wish to use this as a Bridge. Congratulations, you have set up the HWABN25 as a
Bridge!
39
2-4-3 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge-Point to Point’:
1
2
3
4
5
1
6
7
Wireless (1):
Shows you if the wireless is enabled/disabled
Band (2):
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By selecting
different band setting, you’ll be able to allow or deny the
wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz (G), only
wireless clients using the wireless band you select (802.11b,
802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g) will be able to connect to this
access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless clients using
802.11b and 802.11g band will be able to connect to this access
point.
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11 Draft-N
40
clients to connect to this access point, select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Channel Number (3):
Please select a channel number you wish to use. Please note
that this should be the same channel as the other bridge you
wish to connect to.
Mac Address (4):
Please input the MAC address of the other bridge you wish to
make a connection with
Set Security (5):
Click this button to select an encryption mode for this wireless
link, a new popup window will appear. Note: the security must
be the same on the other bridge.
Adv. IP Address (6)
This section allows you to set an IP Address and subnet mask to
fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input.
Otherwise, the default IP Address is 192.168.1.241
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (7); Plug in the devices that you
wish to bridge. Note, you must setup another Bridge –point to point device in order for
this to work properly in point to point. In that bridge, you will input the MAC address
of this unit. Congratulations, you have set up the HWABN25 in AP Bridge-Point to
Point!
41
2-4-4 Setup procedure for ‘AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point’
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Wireless (1):
Shows you if the wireless is enabled/disabled
Band (2):
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By selecting
different band setting, you’ll be able to allow or deny the
wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz (G), only
wireless clients using the wireless band you select (802.11b,
802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g) will be able to connect to this
access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless clients using
42
802.11b and 802.11g band will be able to connect to this access
point.
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11 Draft-N
clients to connect to this access point, select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Channel Number (3):
Please select a channel number you wish to use. Please note
that this should be the same channel as the other bridge you
wish to connect to.
Mac Address (4):
Please input the MAC addresses of the other bridges you wish to
make a connection with.
Set Security (5):
Click this button to select an encryption mode for this wireless
link, a new popup window will appear. Note: the security must
be the same on the other bridges.
Adv. IP Address (6)
This section allows you to set an IP Address and subnet mask to
fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input.
Otherwise, the default IP Address is 192.168.1.241.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (7); Plug in the devices that you
wish to bridge. Note, you must also set up the other bridges for this product to work
properly in a bridge-point to multi-point. Congratulations, you have set up the
HWABN25 in AP Bridge-Point to Multi-point!
43
2-4-5 Setup Procedure for ‘AP-Bridge WDS’
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Wireless (1):
Shows you if the wireless is enabled/disabled
Band (2):
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz (G), only
wireless clients using the wireless band you select (802.11b,
802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g) will be able to connect to this
access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless clients using
802.11b and 802.11g band will be able to connect to this access
point.
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11 Draft-N
44
clients to connect to this access point, select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Main SSID (3):
Please input the ESSID (the name used to identify this wireless
access point) here. You can input up to 32 alphanumerical
characters. PLEASE NOTE THAT ESSID IS CASE
SENSITIVE.
Channel Number (4):
Please select a channel number you wish to use. Please note
that this should be the same channel as the other WDS devices
you plan to connect to.
Associated Clients (5): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button and a new popup window will
appear which contains the information about all wireless clients
connected to this access point. You can click ‘Refresh’ button in
popup window to keep information up-to-date.
Mac Address (6):
Please input the MAC addresses of the other WDS devices you
wish to make a connection with.
Set Security (7):
Click this button to select an encryption mode for this wireless
link, a new popup window will appear. Note: the security must
be the same on the other WDS Devices
Adv. IP Address (8)
This section allows you to set an IP Address and subnet mask to
fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input.
Otherwise, the default IP Address is 192.168.1.241.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (9); Connect you’re your wireless
devices to the WDS network. Note: You must setup other devices in WDS mode in
order for this to work properly. Congratulations, you have set up the HWABN25 in AP
Bridge-WDS!
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2-4-6 Setup Procedure for ‘Universal Repeater’
On the drop down box, please select “Universal Repeater”. It may take a few seconds to
load because once this mode is selected, it will scan for available networks to extend.
Step 1) This step will prompt you to create a custom name. By default, the Extender
will be the same SSID as your original wireless network. If you wish to change it,
please uncheck and manually input a custom name. Otherwise, leave checked.
Step 2) Please select your wireless network from the list below by selecting the network.
If your wireless network does not appear, please click ‘Scan’ to rescan the wireless
networks. You can also manually input your SSID and channel if you know them.
Step 3) After you select your network, press ‘Connect’ to proceed to the next step.
46
If
you wish to change your IP address, refer to the Advanced IP settings before you select
“Connect.”
Adv. IP Address
This section allows you to set an IP Address and subnet mask to
fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input.
Otherwise, the default IP Address is 192.168.1.241 Then click
“Connect”.
Step 4) If your wireless network requires a password, the next page should prompt you to
enter your wireless key. This key should be the exact same key as your wireless access
point or wireless router. Please contact your network administrator if you do not know
the security code.
Click ‘Continue’ to proceed to the next step or ‘Back’ if you wish to make some changes.
47
Congratulations! Note: After setup, the HWABN25 will have the same name as the
network you picked. This allows for a seamless WiFi network. Please disconnect any
wired network cables and place it at a midpoint location.
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Chapter III General Setup
In this chapter, you’ll know how to change the major settings of the HWABN25.
onto the device and click on ‘General Setup’.
49
Log
3-1 Change Management password
Default password of this access point is ‘1234’, and it’s displayed on the login prompt
when accessed from the web browser. There’s a security risk if you don’t change the
default password, since everyone can see it. This is very important when you have
wireless function enabled.
To change password, please follow the instructions:
Please click ‘General Setup’ at top of web management interface, select ‘System’ tab on
the left hand column, and then click ‘Password Settings’, and the following message will
be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
Current
Password (1):
Please input current password here.
New Password (2):
Please input new password here.
Confirm
Password (3):
Please input new password here again.
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If the password you typed in ‘New Password’ (2) and ‘Confirm Password’ (3) field are
not the same, you’ll see the following message:
Please retype the new password again when you see above message.
If you see the following message:
It means the content in ‘Current Password’ field is wrong, please click ‘OK’ to go back to
previous menu, and try to input current password again.
If the current and new passwords are correctly entered, after you click ‘Apply’, you’ll be
prompted to input your new password:
51
Please use new password to enter web management interface again, and you should be
able to login with new password.
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3-2 Wired LAN Configuration
Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection can communicate with each other
and access Internet, they must have a valid IP address.
There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address (set the IP
address for every computer manually), and dynamic IP address (IP address of computers
will be assigned by access point automatically. It’s recommended for most computers to
use dynamic IP address, it will save a lot of time on setting IP addresses for every
computer, especially when there are a lot of computers in your network; for servers and
network devices which will provide services to other computers and users that come from
the Internet, a static IP address should be used.
Suggestions on IP Address numbering plan:
If you have no idea on how to define an IP address plan for your
network, here are some suggestions.
1. A valid IP address has 4 fields: a.b.c.d, for most of home and
company users, it’s suggested to use 192.168.c.d, where c is
an integer between 0 and 254, and d is an integer between 1
and 254. This router is capable to work with up to 253 clients,
so you can set ‘d’ field of IP address of router as 1 or 254 (or
any number between 1 and 254), and pick a number between 0
and 254 for field ‘c’.
2. In most cases, you should use ‘255.255.255.0’ as subnet mask,
which allows up to 253 clients (this also meets router’s
capability of working with up to 253 clients).
3. For all servers and network devices which will provide
services to other people (like Internet service, print service,
and file service), they should use static IP address. Give each
of them a unique number between 1 and 253, and maintain a
list, so everyone can locate those servers easily.
4. For computers which are not dedicated to provide specific
service to others, they should use dynamic IP address.
53
Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Local
Network’ on the left hand column.
There are two setup groups here: ‘LAN IP’ and ‘DHCP Server’
3-2-1 Local Network
1
2
3
4
IP address (1):
Please input the IP address of this access point.
Subnet Mask (2):
Please input subnet mask for this network.
Gateway Address (3):
Please input your gateway address for the network.
DHCP Server (4):
If you want to activate DHCP server function of this access
point, select ‘Enabled’, or set it to ‘Disabled’.
Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:
IP Address: 192.168.1.241
DNS Server: (leave it blank)
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
DHCP Server: Disabled
Gateway Address: (leave it blank)
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3-2-2 DHCP Server:
1
2
3
4
5
6
These settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ in ‘LAN IP’ section is ‘Enabled’.
Lease Time (1):
Please choose a lease time (the duration that every computer
can keep a specific IP address) of every IP address assigned by
this access point from dropdown menu.
Default Gateway (2):
Please input your default gateway address
Domain Server IP (3):
Please input your DNS server address
Start IP (4):
Please input the start IP address of the IP range.
End IP (5):
Please input the end IP address of the IP range.
Domain Name (6):
If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for
your network. This is optional.
Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:
Lease Time: Two Weeks (or ‘Forever’, if you have less than 20 computers)
Default Gateway: (leave it blank)
Domain Server IP: (leave it blank)
Start IP: 192.168.1.100
End IP: 192.168.1.200
Domain Name: (leave it blank)
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NOTE:
1. The number of the last field (mentioned ‘d’ field) of ‘End IP’ must be
greater than ‘Start IP’, and can not be the same as router’s IP address.
2. The former three fields of IP address of ‘Start IP’, ‘End IP’, and ‘IP
Address of ‘LAN IP’ section (mentioned ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘c’ field) should be the same.
3. These settings will affect wireless clients too.
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3-3 Wireless Network
If your computer, PDA, game console, or other network devices is equipped with a
wireless network adapter, you can use the wireless function of this access point to let
them connect to the Internet and share resources with other computers.
3-3-1 Basic Wireless Settings
Please click ‘General Setup’ menu at the top of web management interface, then click
‘Wireless Configuration’. Choose ‘Basic Settings’. Next to the Mode option, please
select your Mode.
3-3-1-1 Access Point
The HWABN25 will broadcast a WiFi signal for other computers and devices to connect
to. Must be plugged into the router or network after setup.
1
2
3
4
Band (1):
Please select the radio band from one of following options:
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2.4 GHz (B)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b wireless network clients to
connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 11Mbps).
2.4 GHz (N)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11n wireless network clients to
connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 300Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
network clients to connect to this router (maximum transfer
rate 11Mbps for 802.11b clients, and maximum 54Mbps for
802.11g clients).
2.4 GHz (G)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11g wireless network clients to
connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 54Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G+N)
2.4GHz band, allows 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n wireless
network clients to connect to this router (maximum transfer
rate 11Mbps for 802.11b clients, maximum 54Mbps for
802.11g clients, and maximum 300Mbps for 802.11n clients).
NOTE: If you don’t have special reason to limit the type of allowed
wireless clients, it’s recommended to choose ‘2.4 GHz (B+G+N)
Main ESSID (2):
This is the name of wireless access point. You can type any
alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32 characters.
ESSID is used to identify your own wireless access point from
others when there are other wireless access points in the same
area.
Default SSID: Hawking_HWABN25
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It’s recommended to change default ESSID value to the one
which is meaningful to you, such as, ‘myhome’, ‘office_room1’,
etc.
Channel Number (3):
Please select a channel from the dropdown list of ‘Channel
Number’, You can choose any channel number you want to use,
and almost all wireless clients can locate the channel you’re
using automatically without any problem. However, it’s still
useful to remember the channel number you use, as some
wireless clients support manual channel number selecting, and
this would help in certain scenarios when there are radio
communication conflicts.
TIP: You can try to change channel number to another one if you think
the data transfer rate is too slow. There could be some other wireless
routers using the same channel, which will disturb the radio
communication between wireless client and the wireless router.
Associated Clients (4): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button, then an “Active Wireless
Client Table” will pop up. You can see the status of all active
wireless stations that are connecting to the access point.
After you finish these wireless settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu; to continue on access point
setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please
wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.
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60
3-3-1-2 Station-Infrastructure (Bridge)
The HWABN25 will allow you connect wired devices wirelessly to an existing wireless
router or access point. It will “bridge” these devices wirelessly with your network. It
will not broadcast any WiFi signal. It will only make a wireless connection between the
Access Point and the HWABN25.
2
3
4
Band (2):
Select the band you want to use.
definitions.
SSID (3):
This is the name of wireless network. You can type the SSID of
the network you would like to connect here.
Site Survey (4):
When you use this wireless router as a wireless station for
Ethernet network device to have wireless capability, you have to
associate it with a working access point. Click ‘Select Site
Survey’ button, then a “Wireless Site Survey Table” will pop up.
It will list all available access points near by. You can select one
access point in the table and it will join wireless LAN through
this access point.
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Refer to 3-3-1-1 for
3-4-1-3 AP Bridge-Point to Point
Similar to station-infrastructure, this requires two HWABN25’s on each end. This will
create a wireless bridge between these two points. No WiFi signal will be broadcast and
it will only make a wireless connection between those two points.
2
3
4
5
NOTE: Two HWABN25’s must use the same mode, band, channel
number, and security setting!
Band (2):
Select the band you want to use, the two HWABN25’s must use
the same setting. Refer to 3-3-1-1 for definitions.
Channel Number (3):
Select the channel you want to use, the two wireless
HWABN25s must use the same setting.
MAC Address (4):
Input the MAC address of another HWABN25
Security Settings (5):
Click to setting security for this connection
(Please go to section ‘3-3-3 Wireless Security’
for detailed instructions).
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3-4-1-4 AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point
Similar to AP Bridge – Point to Point, this allows you to connect several HWABN25’s to
one point. No WiFi signal will be broadcast and it will only make a wireless connection
between the HWABN25s.
2
3
4
5
Band (2):
Select the band you want to use, all HWABN25’s must use the
same setting. Refer to 3-4-1-1 for definitions.
Channel Number (3):
Select the channel you want to use, all HWABN25’s must use the
same setting
MAC address
1 to 4:
Input the MAC address of other HWABN25s.
Security Settings (8):
Click to set security settings for this connection
(Please go to section ‘3-4-3 Wireless Security’
for detailed instructions).
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3-4-1-5 AP Bridge-WDS
Wireless Distributing System. This allows you to create a wireless network using up to
four HWABN25’s using the same SSID (wireless name). It will broadcast a WiFI signal.
NOTE: For WDS mode, the output signal nature is the same as that of
normal AP mode.
2
3
4
5
6
7
Band (2):
Select the band you want to use, all the HWBN25’s must use the
same setting. Refer to 3-3-1-1 for definitions.
SSID (3):
Input the SSID of your HWABN25’s, the setting should be the
same with other HWABN25’s for the convenience of roaming.
Channel Number (4):
Select the channel you want to use, all the HWABN25’s must use
the same setting.
Associated Clients (5): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button, then an “Active Wireless
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Client Table” will pop up. You can see the status of all active
wireless stations that are connecting to the access point.
MAC address
1 to 4 (6):
Input the MAC address of other HWABN25’s
Security
Setting (7):
Click to set security settings for this connection
(Please go to section ‘3-3-3 Wireless Security’ for detailed
instructions).
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3-4-1-6 Universal Repeater
In this mode, the HWABN25 will act as a wireless repeater; it can be a wireless bridge
and access point at the same time. It can use bridge mode to connect to a Root access
point and use the access point function to service all wireless stations within its coverage.
In this mode, the HWABN25 will repeat the wireless signal of any existing wireless
router/access point. It will act as a wireless relay and create a larger and seamless
network for your wireless devices to connect to
NOTE: For Repeater Mode, this router will demodulate the received
signal, checking if this signal is noise for the operating network then
have the signal modulated and amplified again. The output power of
this mode is the same as that of WDS and normal AP mode.
2
3
4
5
6
7
Band (2):
Select the band you want to use, all the HWABN25’s must use
the same setting. Refer to 3-3-1-1 for definitions.
Main ESSID (3):
This is the name of wireless router. You can type any
alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32 characters. SSID
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is used to identify your own wireless router from others when
there are other wireless routers in the same area. Default SSID
is ‘Hawking_HWABN25’, it’s recommended to change default
ESSID value to the one which is meaningful to you, like myhome,
office_room1, etc.
Channel
Number (4):
Select the channel you want to use, all the wireless
clients must use the same setting as your original wireless signal
Associated Clients (5): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button, then an “Active Wireless
Client Table” will pop up. You can see the status of all active
wireless stations that are connecting to the access point.
Root AP SSID (6):
In ‘Universal Repeater’ mode, this device can act as a station to
connect to a Root AP. You should assign the SSID of the Root AP
here or click ‘Select Site Survey’ button to choose a Root AP.
The Root AP is the name of the wireless signal you are trying to
repeat.
Site Survey (7):
Click ‘Select Site Survey’ button, then a “Wireless Site Survey
Table” will pop up. It will list all available access points near by.
You can select one access point in the table and the router will
join wireless LAN through this access point.
After you finish the wireless setting, please click ‘Apply’ button, after you click ‘Apply’,
the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router setup, or
click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3-3-2 Advanced Wireless Settings
This access point provides some advanced control of wireless parameters, if you want to
configure these settings, please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management
interface and click ‘Wireless Configuration’ on the left hand column. Choose “Advanced
Settings’.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Fragment Threshold(1): Set the Fragment threshold of wireless radio.
Do not modify the default value if you do not understand the
function, default value is ‘2346’.
RTS Threshold(2):
Set the RTS threshold of wireless radio. Do not modify the
default value if you do not understand the function, default
value is ‘2347’.
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Beacon Interval(3):
Set the beacon interval of wireless radio. Do not modify the
default value if you do not understand the function, default
value is ‘100’.
DTIM Period(4):
Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not modify the
default value if you do not understand the function, default
value is ‘3’.
Data Rate(5):
Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain value. Since most
of wireless devices will negotiate with each other and pick a
proper data transfer rate automatically. It is not necessary to
change this value unless you know what will happen after
modification.
N Data Rate(6):
Same as above, but only for 802.11n clients.
Channel Width(7):
Set channel width of wireless radio. Do not modify the default
value if you do not understand the function, default setting is
‘Auto 20/40 MHz’.
Preamble Type(8):
Set the type of preamble, do not modify the default value if you
do not know what it is, default setting is ‘Short Preamble’.
Broadcast ESSID(9):
Decide if the wireless access point will broadcast its own ESSID
or not. You can hide the ESSID of your wireless access point (set
the option to ‘Disable’), so only those people who know the
ESSID of your wireless access point can connect to the unit.
WMM(10):
Wi-Fi MultiMedia (WMM) will enhance the data transfer
performance of multimedia contents when they are being
transferred over a wireless network. If you do not understand
the function, then it is safe to set this option to ‘Enable’,
however, default value is ‘Disable’.
CTS Protect(11):
Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of radio signal
69
collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g/n wireless access points.
It is recommended to set this option to ‘Auto’ or ‘Always’.
However, if you set to ‘None’, your wireless access point should
be able to function properly.
Transmit Power(12):
You can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless you are
using this wireless access point in a large open space, you may
not have to set output power to 100%. This will enhance
security (malicious / unauthorized users in distance will not be
able to reach your wireless access point).
After you finish these wireless settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, button, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu; to continue on access point
setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please
wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.
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3-3-3 Security Settings
It is important to set your wireless security settings properly! If you do not configure a
wireless security setting, unauthorized users can use your network and/or obtain valuable
data without your consent.
To set wireless security settings, please click ‘General Setup’ tab at the top of web
management interface, then click ‘Wireless Configuration’ on the left hand column.
Choose ‘Security Settings’.
Please select an encryption method from the ‘Encryption’ dropdown menu, there are four
options:
Disable
WEP
WPA
WPA Radius
-Please go to section 3-3-3-1
-Please go to section 3-3-3-2
-Please go to section 3-3-3-3
-Please go to section 3-3-3-4
3-3-3-1 Disable wireless security
When you select this mode, data encryption is disabled, and every wireless device in
proximity will be able to connect your wireless access point if no other security measure
is enabled (like MAC address access control - see section 3-4-4, or disable SSID
broadcast).
Use this option only when you want to allow any user to use your wireless access point,
and you are not concerned about unauthorized access to your files and/or transfers
over your network.
3-3-3-2 WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy
When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WEP encryption, and the
71
following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Key Length (2):
There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and 128-bit.
Using ‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but will reduce some data
transfer performance.
Key Format (3):
There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex. When you
select a key format, the number of characters of key will be
displayed. For example, if you select ’64-bit’ as key length, and
‘Hex’ as key format, you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key
Format’ is ‘Hex (10 characters), which means the length of WEP key is 10
characters.
Default Tx Key (4):
You can set up to four sets of WEP key, and you can decide
which key is being used by default here. If you don’t know
which one you should use, select ‘Key 1’.
Encryption Key
1 to 4 (5-8):
Input WEP key characters here, the number of
characters must be the same as the number displayed at ‘Key
Format’ field. You can use any alphanumerical characters (0-9,
a-z, and A-Z) if you select ‘ASCII’ key format, and if you select
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‘Hex’ as key format, you can use characters 0-9, a-f, and A-F.
You must enter at least one encryption key here, and if you
entered multiple WEP keys, they should not be same with each
other.
Enable 802.1x
Authentication (9):
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every
user must use a valid account to login to this wireless access
point before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is
processed by a RADIUS server. This mode only authenticates
user by IEEE 802.1x, but it does not encryption the data during
communication. If there is a RADIUS server in you environment,
please enable this function. Check this box and another
sub-menu will appear:
RADIUS Server
IP address (10):
Please input the IP address of RADIUS server here.
RADIUS Server
Port (11):
Please input the port number of RADIUS server here.
RADIUS Server
Password (12):
Please input the password here.
TIPS: Examples of WEP key
ASCII (5 characters): pilot phone
23561
2Hyux
#@xmL
ASCII (13 characters): digitalFAMILY 82Jh26xHy3m&n
Hex (10 characters): 287d2aa732
1152dabc85
Hex (26 characters): 9284bcda8427c9e036f7abcd84
To improve security level, do not use words that can be found in a dictionary or are
easy to remember! Wireless clients will automatically remember the WEP key, so you
only have to input the WEP key on wireless client once, and it is suggested that to use a
complex WEP key to improve security level. Once you have chosen a password, write
it down and keep it in a secure place.
After you finish WEP setting, please click ‘Apply’ (13) button and the following message
73
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the
access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access
point to reboot.
3-4-3-3 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):
When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WPA encryption, and the
following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:
2
3
4
5
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite (2):
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and WPA2
Mixed. You can select one of them, but you have to make sure
your wireless client support the cipher you selected.
Pre-shared
Key Format (3):
Select the type of pre-shared key, you
can select Passphrase (8 or more alphanumerical characters, up
to 63), or Hex (64 characters of 0-9, and a-f).
Pre-shared
Key (4):
Please input the WPA passphrase here.
It’s not recommended to use a word that can be found in a
dictionary due to security reason.
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After you finish WPA Pre-shared key setting, please click ‘Apply’ button (5) and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the
access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access
point to reboot.
NOTE: Some wireless clients (especially those manufactured before
year 2003) only support WEP or WPA (TKIP) cipher. A driver upgrade
would be needed for those clients to use WPA and WPA2 encryption.
3-4-3-4 WPA RADIUS:
If you have a RADIUS server, this access point can work with it and provide safer
wireless authentication.
2
3
4
5
6
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite:
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and WPA2
Mixed. You can select one of them, but you have to make sure
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your wireless client support the cipher you selected.
RADIUS Server
IP address (3):
Please input the IP address of your
Radius authentication server here.
RADIUS Server
Port (4):
Please input the port number of your
Radius authentication server here.
Default setting is 1812.
RADIUS Server
Password (5):
Please input the password of your Radius
authentication server here.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the
access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access
point to reboot.
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3-3-4 Wireless Access Control
This function will help you prevent unauthorized users from connecting to your wireless
access point; only those wireless devices who have a MAC address you assigned can gain
access to your wireless access point. Use this function with other security measures
described in previous section, to create a safer wireless environment.
You can add up to 20 MAC addresses by using this function. Please click ‘General Setup’
at the top of web management interface and click ‘Wireless Configuration’ on the left
hand column. Select ‘Access Control’.
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
8
All allowed MAC addresses will be displayed in ‘MAC Address Filtering Table.
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Enable Wireless
Access Control (1):
To enforce MAC address filtering, you have to check
‘Enable Wireless Access Control’. When this item is unchecked,
wireless access point will not enforce MAC address filtering of
wireless clients.
MAC Address (2):
Input the MAC address of your wireless devices here, dash ( - )
or colon ( : ) are not required. (i.e. If the MAC address label of
your wireless device indicates ‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or
‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff ’, just input ‘aabbccddeeff’.
Comment (3):
You can input any text here as the comment of this
MAC address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or
anything. You can input up to 16 alphanumerical
characters here. This is optional and you can leave
it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this field
to write a comment for every MAC addresses as a
memory aid.
Add (4):
Click ‘Apply’ button to add the MAC address and associated
comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Clear (5):
Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in MAC address
and comment field.
Delete Selected (6):
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry, check the
‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click
‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one MAC
addresses).
Delete All (7):
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (8) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the
access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access
point to reboot.
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3-3-5 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection between wireless
network clients and this wireless access point. You don’t have to select an encryption
mode and input a long encryption passphrase every time when you need to set up a
wireless client, you only have to press a button on the wireless client and this wireless
access point, and the WPS will automatically configure for you.
This wireless access point supports two types of WPS: Push-Button Configuration (PBC),
and PIN code. If you want to use PBC, you have to push a specific button on the wireless
client to start WPS mode, and switch this wireless access point to WPS mode too. You
can push Reset/WPS button of this wireless access point, or click ‘Start PBC’ button in
the web configuration interface to do this; if you want to use PIN code, you have to know
the PIN code of wireless client and switch it to WPS mode, then provide the PIN code of
the wireless client you wish to connect to this wireless access point. The detailed
instructions are listed follow:
Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Wireless
Configuration’ on the left hand column. Select ‘WPS’
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1
2
3
4
5
Enable WPS (1)
Check this box to enable WPS function, uncheck it to disable
WPS.
WPS Information (2)
WPS Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this
wireless access point is properly set, you’ll see ‘Configured’
message here. If wireless security function has not been set,
you’ll see ‘Not configured’.
Self PIN code: This is the WPS PIN code of this wireless access
point. This code is useful when you need to build wireless
connection by WPS with other WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: The SSID of this wireless access point will be displayed
here.
Authentication Mode: The wireless security authentication mode
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of this wireless access point will be displayed here. If you do not
enable security function of the wireless access point before WPS
is activated, the access point will auto set the security to WPA
(AES) and generate a set passphrase key for WPS connection.
Passphrase Key: The wireless security key of the access point
will be displayed here.
Config Mode (3)
There are ‘Registrar’ and ‘Enrollee’ modes for the WPS
connection. When ‘Registrar’ is enabled, the wireless clients will
follow the access point’s wireless settings for WPS connection.
When ‘Enrolle’ mode is enabled, the access point will follow the
wireless settings of wireless client for WPS connection.
Configure
by Push Button (4)
Click ‘Start PBC’ to start Push-Button style WPS
setup procedure. This wireless access point will wait for WPS
requests from wireless clients for 2 minutes. The ‘WLAN’ LED
light on the wireless access point will be steady for 2 minutes
when this wireless access point is waiting for incoming WPS
request.
Configure
by client
PinCode (5)
Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you
wish to connect, and click ‘Start PIN’ button.
The ‘WLAN’ LED light on the wireless access point will be
steady when this wireless access point is waiting for incoming
WPS request.
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3-3-6 Security Tips for Wireless Network
Here are some quick tips to help you improve the security level of your wireless network:
1. Never use simple words for your password, such as “password” or “1234567890”.
2. A complicated (combination of numbers, alphabets, and even symbols) WEP key and
WPA passphrase is more secure than simple and short words. Remember that the
wireless client is capable of keeping the key or passphrase for you, so you only have
to input the complicated key or passphrase once. Once you have chosen a password,
write it down and keep it in a secure place.
3. You can hide the ESSID of this access point by setting the ‘Broadcast ESSID’ option
to ‘Disable’. Your wireless access point will not be found by other people in
proximity if they are using the Access Point scanning function of their wireless client,
and this can reduce unauthorized access.
4. Use ‘Access Control’ function, described in section 3-3-4, to allow authorized users
access to the wireless access point using their specific MAC address.
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Chapter IV Status and Tools
4-1 System Status
The functions described here will provide you with system related information. To enter
system status menu, please either click ‘Status’ link located at top of web management
interface.
4-1-1 System information and firmware version
You can use this function to know the system information and firmware version of this
access point.
Please click ‘Status’ tab at the top of web management interface.
NOTE: Information displayed here may vary.
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4-1-2 Local Network
You can use this function to know the status of your access point.
Please click ‘Status’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Local
Network’ on the left hand column.
NOTE: Information displayed here may vary.
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4-1-3 Statistics
You can use this function to check the statistics of wireless, LAN, and WAN interface of
this access point.
Please click ‘Status’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click
‘Statistics’ on the left hand column.
You can click ‘Refresh’ button to display latest information.
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4-2 Configuration Tools
You can back up all configurations of this access point to a file, so you can make several
copied of access point configuration for security reason.
To backup or restore access point configuration, please follow the instructions:
Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click
‘Configuration Tools’ on the left hand column.
1
2
3
Backup
Settings (1):
Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to
download the configuration as a file, default filename is
‘default.bin’, you can please save it as another filename for
different versions, and keep it in a safe place.
Restore
Settings (2):
Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved
configuration file from your computer, and then click ‘Upload’
to transfer the configuration file to access point. After the
configuration is uploaded, the access point’s configuration will
be replaced by the file you just uploaded.
Restore to
Click this button to remove all settings you made, and
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Factory Default (3):
restore the configuration of this access point back to factory
default settings.
4-3 Firmware Upgrade
The system software used by this access point is known as ‘firmware’, just like any
applications on your computer, when you replace the old application with a new one;
your computer will be equipped with new function. You can also use this firmware
upgrade function to add new functions to your access point, even fix the bugs of this
access point.
To upgrade firmware, please follow the instructions:
Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click
‘Firmware Upgrade’ on the left hand column.
Click ‘Next’ button if you wish to upgrade your firmware.
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Click ‘Browse’ button, and you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of the firmware
upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from the Hawking Technologies
website at www.hawkingtech.com, and use it to upgrade your access point.
After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the access point will
start firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The procedure may take several minutes,
please be patient.
NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web
browser or physically disconnect your computer from router. If the
firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and
you may have to return this router to the dealer of purchase to ask for
help. Warranty is void if you interrupt the upgrade procedure.
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4-4 System Reset
If you think your network performance is bad or you find the behavior of the access point
is strange, you can perform a reset. Sometimes it will solve the problem.
Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Reset’
on the left hand column.
Please click ‘Apply’ to reset your HWABN25, and it will be available again after a few
minutes, please be patient.
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Chapter V: Appendix
5-1 Hardware Specification
SoC: Realtek RTL8196C + RTL8192CE
Flash: 2MB
SDRAM: 16MB
LAN Port: 10/100M UTP Port/PoE x 1
Antenna: Built in Antenna x 2
Power: 5VDC, 2A Switching Power Adapter/PoE capable
Dimension: 46(H) x 105(W) x 105(D) mm
Transmit Power: 11n:23dBm ± 1.5dBm, 11g:23dBm ± 1.5dBm, 11b:25 ± 1.5dBm
Temperature: 32~104°F (0 ~ 40°C)
Humidity: 10-90% (NonCondensing)
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5-2 Troubleshooting
If you find that the access point is working improperly or stops responding, check some
of the FAQs below. You can also contact our support by email or phone.
Scenario
Solution
Access point is not
responding to me when I
want to access it by web
browser
a. Please check the connection of power cords and
network cables of this access point. All cords and
cables should be correctly and firmly inserted into
the access point.
b. If all LEDs on this access point are off, please
check the status of A/C power adapter, and make
sure it’s correctly powered.
c. You must use the same IP address section which
access point uses.
d. Are you using MAC or IP address filter? Try to
connect the access point by another computer and
see if it works; if not, please restore your access
point to factory default settings (pressing ‘reset’
button for over 10 seconds).
e. Set your computer to obtain an IP address
automatically (DHCP), and see if your computer
can get an IP address.
f. If you did a firmware upgrade and this happens,
contact your dealer of purchase for help.
g. If all above solutions don’t work, contact the dealer
of purchase for help.
I can’t locate my access
point by my wireless
client
a. ‘Broadcast ESSID’ set to off?
b. All three antennas are properly secured.
c. Are you too far from your access point? Try to get
closer.
d. Please remember that you have to input ESSID on
your wireless client manually, if ESSID broadcast
is disabled.
File download is very
a. Are you using QoS function? Try to disable it and
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slow or breaks frequently
b.
c.
d.
e.
try again.
Internet is slow sometimes, be patient.
Try to reset the access point and see if it’s better
after that.
Try to know what computers do on your local
network. If someone’s transferring big files, other
people will think Internet is really slow.
If this has never happened before, call your Internet
service provider to know if there is something
wrong with their network.
I can’t log onto web
management interface:
password is wrong
a. Make sure you’re connecting to the correct IP
address of the access point!
b. Password is case-sensitive. Make sure the ‘Caps
Lock’ light is not illuminated.
c. If you really forgot the password, do a hard reset.
Access point becomes hot
a. This is not a malfunction, as long as it is not so hot
that you cannot touch it for a prolonged period of
time
b. If you smell something wrong or see smoke
coming out from access point or A/C power
adapter, please disconnect the access point and A/C
power adapter from utility power (make sure it’s
safe before you’re doing this!), and call your dealer
of purchase for help.
The date and time of all
event logs are wrong
a. Adjust the internal clock of access point.
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5-3 Glossary
Default Gateway (Access point): Every non-access point IP device needs to configure a
default gateway’s IP address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is
not on the same network, the device has to send the packet to its default gateway, which
will then send it out towards the destination.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives every
computer on your home network an IP address.
DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet
servers to have a domain name (such as www.Broadbandaccess point.com) and one or
more IP addresses (such as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a database of Internet
servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name
is requested (as in typing "Broadbandaccess point.com" into your Internet browser), the
user is sent to the proper IP address. The DNS server IP address used by the computers
on your home network is the location of the DNS server your ISP has assigned to you.
DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing
phone lines to transmit data at high speeds.
Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by special
cables and hubs, and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps).
Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet for a
pre-configured amount of time, the connection will automatically be disconnected.
IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address
consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods, which identifies a single,
unique Internet computer host in an IP network. Example: 192.168.1.254. It consists of 2
portions: the IP network address, and the host identifier.
The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded
decimal numbers separated by “.”: aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything
from 000 to 255, or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by “.”:
bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb, where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.
A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading
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1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can also
be described simply as “x” number of leading 1’s.
When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address
that correspond to 1’s in the network mask become part of the IP network address, and
the remaining bits correspond to the host ID.
For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form,
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is,
11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000
It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method for
access points to route IP packets to their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP
address for the Internet access point located at the ISP's office.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the
Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected
together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network is
considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware
address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a
device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that
corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3 bytes that are
often used as the product’s serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your
home network to use one IP address. Using the broadband access point’s NAT capability,
you can access the Internet from any computer on your home network without having to
purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
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Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network
application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and
protocol/port numbers:
Application
Protocol Port Number
Telnet
TCP
23
FTP
TCP
21
SMTP
TCP
25
POP3
TCP
110
H.323
TCP
1720
SNMP
UCP
161
SNMP Trap
UDP
162
HTTP
TCP
80
PPTP
TCP
1723
PC Anywhere TCP
5631
PC Anywhere UDP
5632
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data
transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet
connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and the
Point-to-Point Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over
Ethernet between different manufacturers
Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple parties
so that when they interface with each other based on such a protocol, the interpretation of
their behavior is well defined and can be made objectively, without confusion or
misunderstanding.
Access point: A access point is an intelligent network device that forwards packets
between different networks based on network layer address information such as IP
addresses.
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Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided
by your ISP, is a set of four numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an IP address.
It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed
to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be assigned by
InterNIC).
TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable
Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the
Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. TCP performs proper error
detection and error recovery, and thus is reliable. UDP on the other hand is not reliable.
They both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol), a network layer protocol.
WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically
separate areas (e.g. different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area
network.
Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a
graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. This means the user can use the
familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the
device being managed.
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