Intro to:
Scanning Long Island
Download these slides at:
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Phil Lichtenberger
w2lie
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Topics
•
•
•
•
•
•
Conventional Scanning
Trunked Scanning
PL / DPL / NAC
Digital Modes (P25 / Mototrbo)
Rebanding
Useful Equipment for Long Island Scanning
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Advanced Forum Topics
How to get more from your scanner with a PC
• Software based trunk decoding
Unitrunker / Pro96Com / Trunk88
• Conventional Logging
Freescan / ProScan / BuTel Software
• Digital Modulation Decoding
– DSD Decoder / DSM Decoder
– Monitoring MotoTRBO / NXDN / DMR / P25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
• Simplex
– Single Frequency
• Ex. Fireground Operations
Tx / Rx = A
Tx / Rx = A
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
• Repeater
– Separate Input & Output Frequency
• Ex. Dispatch System
Tx = A
Rx = B
Tx = A
Rx = B
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
• Duplex
– Two Frequencies, used in RX/TX & TX/RX
• Ex. New York State Police
Tx = A
Rx = A
Rx = B
Tx = B
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
Tone Control
• PL / CTCSS (Motorola Private Line)
– Sub Audible signals transmitted with analog
signals carrying voice transmission
– Receivers only open squelch for radios
transmitting the correct PL tone
– Allows agencies to share the same frequency,
but not hear each other (unless they also
share the same PL)
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
Tone Control
• DPL / DCS (Digital Private Line)
– Digital coded Squelch signals transmitted with
analog signals carrying voice transmission
– Receivers only open squelch for radios
transmitting the correct DPL tone
– Allows agencies to share the same frequency,
but not hear each other (unless they also
share the same DPL)
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
PL Tones
•
The following chart showing each PL tone's two-character alphanumeric
designator and the corresponding tone frequency in Hertz.
Code
XZ
WZ
XA
WA
XB
WB
YZ
YA
YB
ZZ
ZA
ZB
1Z
1A
Tone Freq.
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
100.0
103.5
Code
1B
2Z
2A
2B
3Z
3A
3B
4Z
4A
4B
5Z
5A
5B
6Z
Tone Freq.
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
151.4
156.7
162.2
167.9
http://www.metrocor.net/ctcss.htm
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Code
6A
6B
7Z
7A
M1
8Z
M2
M3
M4
9Z
M5
M6
M7
0Z
Tone Freq.
173.8
179.9
186.2
192.8
203.5
206.5
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
250.3
254.1
DPL Tones
023
025
026
031
032
036
043
047
051
053
054
065
071
072
073
074
114
115
116
122
125
131
132
134
143
145
152
155
156
162
165
172
174
205
212
223
225
226
243
244
245
246
251
252
255
261
263
265
266
271
274
306
311
315
325
331
332
343
346
351
356
364
365
371
411
412
413
423
431
432
445
446
452
454
462
464
465
466
503
506
516
523
526
532
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
546
565
606
612
624
627
631
632
654
662
664
703
712
723
731
732
734
743
754
Digital Scanning
APCO-25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
APCO-25 / Project 25
•
Project 25 (P25) is a set of standards
produced through the joint efforts of the
Association of Public Safety
Communications Officials International
(APCO), the National Association of State
Telecommunications Directors (NASTD),
selected Federal Agencies and the National
Communications System (NCS), and
standardized under the Telecommunications
Industry Association (TIA)... The P25 suite
of standards involves digital Land Mobile
Radio (LMR) services for local,
state/provincial and national (federal) public
safety organizations and agencies...
Source: Daniels' P25 Radio System Training Guide
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
APCO-25 / Project 25
Source: Daniels' P25 Radio System Training Guide
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
NAC Codes
•
Network Access Code, the P25 equivalent of PL or DPL.
•
12 bit code that prefixes every voice or data packet sent
•
3 digit hexadecimal number (12 bits)
•
4096 possible NAC's for programming
Source: Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
Special NAC Codes
• 0x293 ($293) - the default NAC
• 0xf7e ($F7E) - a receiver set for this NAC will unsquelch
on any NAC received
• 0xf7f ($F7F) - a repeater receiver set for this NAC will
allow all incoming signals and the repeater transmitter
will retransmit the received NAC.
Source: Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Trunking
EDACS / LTR / Motorola
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Trunking Overview
• Multiple Users share pooled Frequencies
• User “Groups” (Talk Groups) are assigned
a Frequency / channel to use.
• More effective use of resources compared
to conventional systems.
• Systems can be linked into networks.
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Trunking Overview
• All radios on the system listen to the “Control
Channel” for information
• A user keys their radio, and requests a voice
channel
• Radio automatically drops back to receive mode
to hear directions over the control channel.
(User does not need to un-key the radio)
• Trunk system directs the user to requesting a
voice channel to move to an empty channel
• All Users of the Group move to the assigned
channel to communicate
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Common Trunk Systems found on
Long Island
• EDACS
• Motorola
Type II
Project 25 (P25)
MotoTRBO Capacity Plus / Connect Plus
• LTR Standard
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Trunking Overview
Suffolk County
Motorola System
monitored using
UniTrunker and
a BC15XT
Click to play video
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
EDACS Trunk System
(Enhanced Digital Access Communications System)
•
•
•
•
EDACS Standard / Wide
– 9600 baud Control channel
– 25 kHz Wide
EDACS Narrow
– 4800 baud control channel
– 12.5 kHz Wide
EDACS SCAT
– “Single Channel Autonomous Trunking”
– Operate on one frequency and alternate between CC and Voice
EDACS Networked
– Allows multiple sites to be networked together creating a System
– May be configured as “Standard” or “Narrowband”
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
EDACS Trunk System
(Enhanced Digital Access Communications System)
• Frequencies must be programmed in Logical Channel Number
(LCN)
– System can have up to 24 LCNs
• Systems allow over 16,000 users to be defined on the system
• Group Hierarchy
– Agencies
• Fleets
– Subfleets
• Talkgroups are programmed into scanners in AFS Format
– Ex. 06-141
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
EDACS Trunk System
(Enhanced Digital Access Communications System)
Sample EDACS LCN
Programming
Sample EDACS Talk Group
Programming
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
EDACS Trunk System
Local EDACS System
• Nassau County Public
Safety
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Nassau OEM
Nassau Sheriffs
Nassau Firecom / HazMat
Nassau DPW
Village Governments
MTA
NUMC
County Parks
• Port Authority of NY/NJ
–
–
–
–
JFK Airport
LGA Airport
EWR Airport
Bridges & Tunnels
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Trunk Systems
• Scanners may work on programming Control
channels and Alternate Control channels only
– Some older scanners that support CC Only may
require a channel plan
• 800MHz frequencies determined by standard
channel numbers
• May require special programming for UHF
systems, splinter, or rebanded systems that do
not use the standard channel layouts.
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Trunk Systems
Types of Motorola Trunk Systems
• Type I
• Type II
–
–
–
–
–
Type IIi Hybrid
Type II Smartnet
Type II SmartZone
Type II SmartZone Omni Link
Type II VOC
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Trunk Systems
Type I systems
• Type I
–
–
–
–
Radios Tx ID, Fleet Info, Subfleet Info
Radios transmits its own affiliation
Arranged in Fleet-Subfleet Hierarchy
“Fleetmaps” needed to be used to Track a Type I
System
– Example Talkgroup:
• 100-20
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Trunk Systems
Type II Systems
•
•
•
Type IIi Hybrid
– Systems that still use Type I radio
– Include new Type II radios
– Type I and Type II radios can
interop.
Type II Smartnet
– APCO 16 complient
– Upto 28 Frequencies
– Up to 65534 Radios
– Up to 4095 talk groups
– Use Odd Talkgroups
– Use status bits
•
•
Type II Smartzone Omnilink
–
Up to 4 Smarzone systems can be linked at a time.
–
Up to 192 sites can be linked
–
Used for Large coverage areas
Motorola Type II VOC
–
–
–
–
Voice On Control Setup
“Bare bones” System
Used for coverage gaps
Control channel can become Voice Ch.
Type II Smartzone
– Networked Smartnet systems via
Microwave or other linking method
– Sites may only transmit in the
area the radio is affiliated in, and
not the entire network
– Limited to 64 sites
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Trunk Systems
Type II Systems
• Type II
– Radios only TX radio ID
– System database knows radio’s affiliation
– No limitations on how many radios can be in a
talkgroup. Type I had limitations
– Talkgroups are divisible by 16
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Trunk Systems
Type II Talkgroups
• Talkgroups are normally
programmed in “Decimal”
format
• Status bits may be used
for special functions
– There are 16 status bits
that change the TGID
– Scanner are usually
programmed to “ignore”
status bits.
• Example:
– SCPD Sheriff on TG 848
transmits an Emergency
– TG 848+2 = TG 850
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Chart: Radio Reference Database
Motorola Trunk System
Some Local Motorola Systems
• Suffolk County (SmartZone)
– Suffolk County & Village PD
– Suffolk Medcom
– County Operations
• East Hampton (SmartNet)
– Fire Departments
– Police Departments
• NYC DoITT (UHF SmartZone)
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–
–
–
Corrections
DOT
NYPD
OEM
• NYC DoITT (800 SmartZone)
–
–
–
–
DEP
OEM
FDNY
City Servcies
• Westchester (UHF SmartZone)
– OEM
– Fire / Police
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
LTR Trunking
Logical Trunked Radio
• Primary use is by private businesses
• Frequencies stored in scanners in Logical Channel Number
• System uses “Home”, “GOTO”, and “FREE” channels
• Talk Groups set in “A-HH-GGG” format
– A = Typically 0 or 1
– HH = LCN Home Channel
– GGG = User Group Number
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
LTR Trunking
•
Types of LTR Systems
LTR Standard
–
–
–
–
•
The only current LTR system that can be trunked with today’s scanners
No Control Channel
Control data sent as subaudible data
Maximum of 20 channels per system
LTR Passport
– System needs at least 3 frequencies
• Home channel
• Roaming channel
– Used by units who have a home channel on another site
• Registering Channel
– Used by roaming units to register on the current site
•
LTR Standard & Passport
– Hybrid systems that contain Standard and Passport Talk Groups
•
LTR MuliNet
– APCO-16 compliant
•
LTR-Net
– Enhanced LTR Standard system
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
LTR Trunking
LTR Standard
• Home Channel Example:
– Example System has 6 frequencies and 3 Home Channels
– Home channels are LCN 01 , 03, 05
– “GOTO” channels are LCN 06, 07, 10
• Talk Group Example:
– System has several users
– A user with a Talk Group of 0-03-001 would be on Home Channel 03
• “GOTO” and “Free” Channels
– System may place 0-03-001 on HH 05 if HH03 is busy
– System may place 0-03-001 on LCN 07 is HH03 is busy
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Trunking
APCO-25 / EDACS ProVoice / MA-Com OpenSky
MotoTRBO Capacity Plus & Connect Plus
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Trunking
Types of Digital Trunking Modes
• EDACS
– AEGIS
• Replaced by ProVoice
• Can not be scanned by today’s scanners
– ProVoice
• Supported with Uniden BCx36HP Scanners w/ Upgrade $
• MA/COM OpenSky
– Can not be scanned by today’s scanners
• Motorola APCO-25 (P25)
– Today’s Digital P25 scanners can track this system
• MotoTRBO
– Supported by several newer scanners & software based scanning
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
APCO-25 / P25 Phase 1
•
Phase 1 radio systems operate in 12.5 kHz analog, digital or mixed mode.
Phase 1 radios use Continuous 4 level FM (C4FM) modulation for digital
transmissions at 4800 baud and 2 bits per symbol, yielding 9600 bits per
second total channel throughput. Receivers designed for the C4FM
standard can also demodulate the "Compatible quadrature phase shift
keying" (CQPSK) standard, as the parameters of the CQPSK signal were
chosen to yield the same signal deviation at symbol time as C4FM while
using only 6.25 kHz of bandwidth.
•
Vendors are currently shipping Phase 1 P25-compliant systems. These
systems involve standardized service and facility specifications, ensuring
that any manufacturers' compliant subscriber radio has access to the
services described in such specifications. Abilities include backward
compatibility and interoperability with other systems, across system
boundaries, and regardless of system infrastructure. In addition, the P25
suite of standards provides an open interface to the radio frequency (RF)
subsystem to facilitate interlinking of different vendors' systems.
Source: Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
APCO-25 / P25 Phase 2
•
To improve spectrum utilization, Phase 2 is currently under development
with concurrent work being done on 2-slot TDMA and FDMA (CQPSK)
modulation schemes. Phase II will likely use the AMBE+2 vocoder to reduce
the needed bitrate so that one channel will only require 4800 bits per
second.
•
Significant attention is also paid to interoperability with legacy equipment,
interfacing between repeaters and other subsystems, roaming capacity and
spectral efficiency/channel reuse. In addition, Phase 2 work involves
console interfacing between repeaters and other subsystems, and manmachine interfaces for console operators that would facilitate centralized
training, equipment transitions and personnel movement.
Source: Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
MotoTRBO / DMR (Digital Mobile Radio)
•
•
•
•
Uses TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) to create 2 time slots on each
frequency by alternating back and forth between time slots.
Created for the commercial user market, but adopted by many public safety
agencies.
Using talk groups, trunking is possible and very common on TRBO Systems
Repeaters can fall back to analog communications supporting PL & DPL
•
Multiple sites may be linked over an IP connection to create a Wide-Area
network of repeaters
•
Encryption is possible.
•
Telemetry / Data is possible on each talk group as well
•
Newer digital scanners & software scanning (DSD+)
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Trunking
P25 Single Channel Trunking
• Systems only use one frequency
• Radios transmit NAC & Talk Group
– Conventional P25 only transmits NAC
• Users must have the same NAC & Talk Group to hear
each other
• No Control Channel
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Talk Groups & Trunking
EDACS Digital Solutions
• AEGIS
– Earlier Digital Modulation used over standard EDACS System
– Not APCO-25 Compliant
– Will not communicate with ProVoice
• ProVoice
– Not APCO-25 Compliant
– Uses the same IMBE Vocoder as P-25
– Will not communicate with ProVoice
Both AEGIS and ProVoice are digital talk groups on a standard EDACS system
* EDACS ESK is another form of digital that adds a layer of security to the control
channel
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Talk Groups & Trunking
Motorola Digital Solutions
• ASTRO IMBE
–
–
–
–
–
Uses 3600 baud control channels
Digital Talk Groups on a Type II Smartnet or Smartzone system
Not P25 compliant
Digital and Voice talk groups can exist on the same network
Older Digital Radios can receive these digital signals
• Uniden BC250D
• Uniden BC785D
– Current Example: Suffolk County Trunk System
• Project 25
– Uses 9600 baud control channels
– Systems must only contain digital talk groups
– Current Example: Nassau County Police’s new system
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Talk Groups & Trunking
Motorola Digital Solutions
• MotoTRBO Connect Plus
–
–
–
–
Multiple site network linked over an IP connection
Each site has a dedicated control channel
Supports 100 Registered Talk Groups
Supports 30 simultaneous calls
• MotoTRBO Capacity Plus
–
–
–
–
–
Voice and Data on the same site
Up to 15 sites may be linked together
Up to 12 voice paths simulcast on 3 sites or less
Up to 6 voice paths simulcast on 15 sites
No fixed control channel
• Control channel steps through frequencies as the CC is used for calls
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola P25 Trunk System
Some Local Motorola Systems
• Nassau County Public Safety
–
–
–
–
Nassau Police (Encrypted)
Village Police (Encrypted)
Fire Marshal
MEDCOM
• Town of Babylon
– Town Operations
• NYC 700 MHz DoITT
– Radio Testing
• “Metro-25”
– NY State
– NYPD Simulcast
• Suffolk County
– Future Build (2015? – 2016)
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
MotoTRBO Trunk System
Some Local Motorola Systems
Capacity Plus
•
•
Hempstead Public Safety
USTA Tennis Center
Connect Plus
•
One Voice Network
–
–
–
–
Covers 23 county
Covers 3 states
55 sites identified in the network
User Include:
•
•
•
•
•
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
North Shore LIJ Ambulance Services
Towing Companies
Buff Radio Groups
Highway Departments
School Districts
Rebanding
EDACS / Motorola
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
A Simplified Background
• Rebanding is basically shifting the licensees in the
800MHz band around so that they are correctly grouped
together.
• NexTel purchased ESMR frequencies which operated
lower than public safety bands.
• This configuration caused interference in the public
safety spectrum
• SMR & ESMR frequencies were shifted, and the public
safety band was relocated down to the old NexTel RF
Real-estate.
• Typical Rebanding frequencies for Public Safety are
15MHz down from their existing location
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
After rebanding, Public Safety
and Critical Infrastructure
will have exclusive use of
851-854 MHz. ESMR
systems (primarily Nextel)
will have exclusive use of
862-869 MHz range, and
public safety,
business/industrial users,
and low-power SMR's will
share the 854-862 MHz
spectrum. 860-861 MHz is
designated as an
"Expansion Band", and 861862 MHz is designated as a
"Guard Band". No licensees
other than ESMR are
required to relocate to
channels above 860 MHz.
Credit: Radio Reference Wiki
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
EDACS Systems / LTR systems
• Most systems will move down 15MHz from
their pre-reband configuration
• Simply entering the new frequencies into
the proper LCN will reband the system
• No further action is required on your
scanner since EDACS and LTR rely on
Logical Channel Numbering
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
Motorola Systems
• Most systems will move down 15MHz from
their pre-reband configuration
• Custom Frequency band plans will need to
be entered into the radio
• Radios may require firmware upgrades to
work
• Some scanners will only take a reband
configuration via software and not from the
keypad
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
Typical Rebanding Charts
UNIDEN REBAND CHART
GRE & Radioshack REBAND CHART
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
Custom Band Plans
• Since Motorola systems operate on
defined channel numbers instead of LCN,
we need to “borrow” existing channel
numbers and remap them to our reband
numbers
• To do this, we need to tell the radio the
new base frequency, step size, and the
starting channel number for the base
frequency which is called an offset.
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Rebanding
Custom Band Plans
•
•
•
•
•
Pre-Reband systems start at 851.0125
This is Channel 0 (Offset 0)
Each channel above 0 is greater by 25kHz
The last frequency in the plan is 868.9875
In a reband system, we start at channel
851.025MHz and end at 854.000MHz.
• 851.025MHz is the new channel 440
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
UHF Motorola Systems
Custom Band Plans
• The same principle behind rebanding band
plans holds true for UHF Trunk Systems.
• Scanners need to know the start frequency
(Base), End Frequency, Offset, and step to know
how to properly trunk the system.
• Some scanners (Radioshack & GRE) may also
need to know the last frequency in the band
plan.
• Examples of UHF Motorola Systems that need
this info:
– Westchester Public Safety
– NYC DoITT UHF System
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Advanced Scanning on
Long Island
Download these slides at:
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Phil Lichtenberger
w2lie
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Topics
How to get more from your scanner with a PC
• UniTrunker (Trunk Radio Decoder)
– Discriminator Tap Radio to decode
– Add Serial Controlled Radio to Monitor
– Swap Discriminator Tap Radio for ‘Inline’ Decode
• Alternative Trunk Analyzers
– Pro96Com | TrunkPCR | LTRLogger
• Conventional Logging (Freescan / ProScan / BuTel)
• Home Patrol Extreme Features
• DSD Decoder - Digital Decoder (P25 / Mototrbo)
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Topics
How to get more from your scanner with a PC
• Software based trunk decoding
Unitrunker / Pro96Com / Trunk88
• Conventional Logging
Freescan / ProScan / BuTel Software
• Home Patrol Extreme Features
• Digital Modulation Decoding
– DSD Decoder / DSM Decoder
– Monitoring MotoTRBO / NXDN / DMR / P25
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Conventional Scanning
And
Radio Programming Software
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN Software
http://www.sixspotsoftware.com/products/freescan
• Windows Software
• Works with limited Uniden Scanners
• Good for:
–
–
–
–
–
Programming Scanners
Logging Hits (Conventional / Trunk)
Recording Activity to audio files
Virtual Display of Scanner
Remote Control
• FREE !
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN Supported Receivers
• As of January, 2016 the following radios are
supported:
• Uniden
– SC230, BC246T, UBC3500XLT, BR330T, BCD396T,
BC346XT(C), BCD396XT, BCT15X,
BCD996XT, BCT15 and BCD996T, BCD996P2
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN
• Download link
– https://sites.google.com/site/sixspotsoftware/products/freescan
– Install in default directory
• For help and info:
– http://wiki.radioreference.com/index.php/FreeScan_User_Guide
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN Programming Screen
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN Virtual Control
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN Logger
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
FreeSCAN Recorder
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan Software
http://www.proscan.org
• Windows Software
• Works with limited Uniden Scanners
• Good for:
– Programming Scanners
– Logging Hits (Conventional / Trunk)
– Recording Activity to audio files
– Virtual Display of Scanner
– Bandscope
– Audio Feeds
– Remote Control via 2nd Computer
– Can run multiple copies at one time
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan Supported Receivers
• As of January, 2017 the following radios are
supported in version ProScan 11.0:
• Uniden
–
–
–
–
–
BC796D, BC785D, BC780XLT, BC296D, BC250D
BCD996T, BCD396T, BCT15, BR330T
BCD996XT, BCD396XT, BCT15X, BC346XT(C)
BCD996P2, BCD325P2
BCD436HP & BCD536HP Without Database Support
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan
• Download link
– http://www.proscan.org
– License cost $50
– Each license entitles you to activate this product on 2
separate computers.
– 30 day trial period
• Install in default directory
• For help and info:
– http://www.proscan.org/phpbb/index.php
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan Programming Screen
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan Virtual Control
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan Logger
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan Bandsweep
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
ProScan CC Data
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
BuTel Software
http://www.butel.nl
• Windows Software
• Works with almost all Uniden, Radio Shack, & GRE
Scanners
• Good for:
–
–
–
–
–
Programming Scanners
Logging Hits (Conventional / Trunk)
Recording Activity to audio files
Virtual Display of Scanner
Bandscope
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
BuTel Supported Receivers
• TOO MANY TO LIST
• Each radio may have specific software version
• Some radios may share a common software
release.
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
BuTel
• Download link
– http://www.butel.nl
– License cost varies on software
– Each license entitles you to activate this product on 2
separate computers.
– Limited trial period
• Install in default directory
• For help and info:
– http://forums.radioreference.com
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
BuTel Programming Screen
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
BuTel Virtual Control
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
BuTel Bandscope
•https://sites.google.com/sit
e/sixspotsoftware/products/
freescan
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Software Defined Radios
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
SDR# (SDR Sharp)
www.sdrsharp.com
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
SDR# (SDR Sharp)
• Software that will control several different
RTL-2832U chipset receivers
• Free Download
• Easy tool to setup UniTrunker, DSD+, and
other software dependent on “cheap”
receivers.
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
USB TV Dongle Receiver
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
USB TV Dongle Receiver
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cheap
Needs Driver Modification to work
Cheap
Several software packages to choose from
New versions have TXO to eliminate drift
More uses over time
Look for RTL-2832U chipset
Inexpensive ($10 + shipping on eBay)
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
RTL-2832U Hints
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use Windows Drivers
USB sticks need 5 minutes to warm up
Must use software like SDR# to calibrate
Adjust center freq and note offset
Download Scanner & Frequency
Management plug-ins
• Best HowTo: http://www.atouk.com/wordpress/?p=153
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
AirSpy Receiver
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
AirSpy
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Created by the developers of SDR#
Plug and Play
Small
Up to 10Mhz receive window
Support for Bias-T
SMA Antenna Connection
$199 plus shipping
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
RTL-SDR Applications
•
Basic Appliations
–
•
Trunk Radio Decoding / Following
–
–
•
AIS Data
Digital Modulation Decoding
–
–
•
•
ACARS and ADS-B Data Plotting
Ship Plotting
–
•
Unitrunker
Trunk88
Virtual Radar & Plane Plotting
–
•
SDR# & HDSDR
DSD / DSD+ (MotoTRBO, P25, NXDN, DSTAR)
DMRDecode
NOAA Weather Satellite Decoding
BIG List:
–
http://www.rtl-sdr.com/big-list-rtl-sdr-supported-software/
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
UniTrunker Software
• Windows Software
• Decodes the following Trunk Systems:
– Motorola APCO 16
– Motorola APCO 25
– EDACS48 and EDACS96
– MPT1327
– LTR
• Inline Decoding only
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Why Use UniTrunker?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Analyzes Multiple Types of Trunk Systems
Find and log new Talk Groups
Log Radio IDs
Find active patches
See Neighboring Sites
See any errors on the system
*Allow your old radio to work on a
rebanded system
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Requirements for UniTrunker
• Windows Computer
• UniTrunker Software
• One or more of the following:
– Discriminator Tapped Scanner & Soundcard
– “In Line” Decoding Scanner & Serial Port
– RTL-2832U Chipset USB (New 2014)
• Optional
– Second Serial Controlled Radio
– Additional Decode Radios
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
UniTrunker
• Download from www.unitrunker.com
• Install in default directory
• For help and info:
– Google Group: Unitrunker
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
UniTrunker
Images shows: 3 Trunk Systems / 4 Transmitter Sites / 1 Voice Following Radio
http://www.w2lie.net/hru2011
UniTrunker Alternatives
• PRO96COM
– Only Analyzes P25 Systems
• TRUNK88
– Only Analyzes Motorola APCO16 Systems
• TRUNKPCR
– For Icom PCR-100/1000/1500/2500
• LTRLogger
– Only Analyzes LTR Systems
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Pro96Com Software
•
•
•
•
Windows Software
Only Analyzes P25 systems
Designed for “Inline” Receivers only
Only works with with receivers that will
decode P25 Trunk Systems
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Pro96Com Supported Receivers
• As of January 2015, the following radios are supported:
• GRE
– PSR-500 PSR-600 PSR-500C PSR-600C PSR-800
• Radio Shack
– PRO-96 PRO-2096 PRO-106 PRO-197 PRO-651 PRO-652
• Uniden
– BCD396XT BCD996XT
• Anritsu
– S412 Monitor
• Whistler
– WS1040 WS1065
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Pro96Com
• Download from www.psredit.com
• Install in default directory
• For help and info:
– Yahoo! Group: Pro96Com
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Pro96Com Screenshot
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
TRUNK88 Software
• Windows & DOS Software
• ONLY Analyzes Motorola APCO16 systems
• Requires
– Discriminator Tap or “Inline” receivers
– RTL-2832U USB Receiver
• Will control a 2nd radio for voice follow
• No direct connection to Radio Reference
• Setup can be cumbersome
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Trunk88
• Download from www.trunk88.com
• Install in default directory
• For help and info:
– Yahoo! Group: Trunk88
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Pro96Com Screenshot
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
with an analog radio
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
•
•
•
Digital Speech Decoder Plus
(DSD+)
Updated to 1.101
Fast Track version made public 12/25/15
Trunking Protocols supported:
–
–
–
•
Digital Modes supported:
–
–
–
–
–
•
MotoTRBO Connect Plus
Hytera TIII
NextEDGE
D-Star (No Audio)
NXDN (4800 and 9600)
MotoTRBO
P25 Phase 1 & 2 (Plus X2-TDMA)
ProVoice
Includes FMP to tune SDR Devices
• www.dsdplus.com
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Digital Scanning
Putting it together with DSD Decoder / DSD+
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Motorola Digital talk groups
(APCO-16 & APCO-25)
• Run UniTrunker / Trunk88 to monitor a
trunk system
• Use a control radio and feed the baseband
audio to DSD Decode / DSD+
• DSD Decode / DSD+ feeds the converted
audio through your computer speakers
– May require installing a virtual audio cable
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
DSD Plus Stand-Alone
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
DSD+ 1.101
“Fast Track Public Release”
•DSD Plus now offers early releases to subscribers
•Cutting edge updates and patches
•Nicknamed “Fast Track”
•Releases will become public after testing
•Current Public release is 1.101
•Can monitor CC on TRBO Cap + Systems
•Can monitor VC on TRBO Cap + Systems
•Requires 2 radios to complete this task
http://www.w2lie.net/hru2011
DSD+ 1.101
Control Channel and Voice Channel Monitoring
http://www.w2lie.net/hru2011
DSD+ 1.101
Control Channel Event Log Window
http://www.w2lie.net/hru2011
DSD+ 1.101
Control Channel & Voice Channel Spectrum
Control Channel Activity Monitor
http://www.w2lie.net/hru2011
DSD+ 1.101
Control Channel & Voice Channel
Data screens
http://www.w2lie.net/hru2011
Current Radios
The following radios will work on Conventional and Trunk Systems
• Uniden
• Whistler
– Non-Digital
– Non-Digital
– None
• BCT15X
– Digital
•
•
•
•
•
BCD325P2
BCD996P2
HOMEPATROL-2
BCD436HP
BCD536HP
– Digital
• WS1040
• WS1065
• WS1080
• WS1088
• WS1095
• WS1098
• TRX-1
• TRX-2
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
• Radioshack
– Non-Digital
– None
– Digital
• PRO-651
• PRO-652
• PRO-668
Contact
• Email:
– w2lie@w2lie.net
• Web:
– www.w2lie.net
• Videos will be made and placed online at
– http://www.youtube.com/w2lie
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Resources
•
www.W2LIE.net
– Long Island Live Scanner Feeds, Forums, and Frequency lists
•
www.fordyce.org
– Long Island Frequency Lists.
– Some lists are outdated
•
www.radioreference.com
– Message boards and frequency databases from across the country
•
•
Daniels’ P25 Radio Training Guide
Wikipedia
– Project 25
– EDACS
• EDACS White Paper
• The 800 MHz Transition Administrator
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
Resources
•
www.W2LIE.net
– Long Island Live Scanner Feeds, Forums, and Frequency lists
•
www.fordyce.org
– Long Island Frequency Lists.
– Some lists are outdated
•
www.radioreference.com
– Message boards and frequency databases from across the country
•
•
Daniels’ P25 Radio Training Guide
Wikipedia
– Project 25
– EDACS
• EDACS White Paper
• The 800 MHz Transition Administrator
http://www.w2lie.net/hru
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