book.book Page 1 Tuesday, June 18, 2013 3:03 PM
Dell PowerVault MD3600f and
MD3620f Storage Arrays
Owner’s Manual
Regulatory Model: E03J Series and E04J Series
Regulatory Type: E03J001 and E04J001
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Notes, Cautions, and Warnings
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of
your computer.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates potential damage to hardware or loss of data if
instructions are not followed.
WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potential for property damage, personal
injury, or death.
____________________
© 2013 Dell Inc.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell™, the DELL logo, PowerEdge™, PowerVault™, and
OpenManage™ are trademarks of Dell Inc. Intel® is a registered trademarks of Intel Corporation in
the U.S. and other countries. Microsoft®, Windows®, Windows Server®, MS-DOS®, and Internet
Explorer® are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States
and/or other countries. Red Hat® and Red Hat Enterprise Linux® are registered trademarks of Red
Hat, Inc. in the United States and other countries. SUSE® is a registered trademark of Novell, Inc. in
the United States and other countries.
Regulatory Model: E03J Series and E04J Series
Regulatory Type: E03J001 and E04J001
2013- 06
Rev. A02
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Contents
1
Introduction .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About This Document
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inside the Box of the Dell PowerVault MD3600f
Series Storage Array. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
. . . . . . . . . .
22
. . . . . . . . . . .
22
. . . . . . . . . . . .
23
Dell PowerVault Modular Disk
Storage Manager . . . . . . .
2
Planning: About Your Storage Array .
Overview .
. . .
25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
Hardware Features
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Front-Panel Features and Indicators
. . . . . . .
26
Back Panel Features and Indicators .
. . . . . . .
29
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
Hard–Drive Indicator Patterns.
. . . . . . . .
31
. . . . . . . . . .
32
Power Supply and Cooling Fan Features
Power Indicator Codes and Features
3
21
. . . .
MD3600f Series Storage Array .
Other Information You May Need
21
Planning: RAID Controller Modules
RAID Controller Modules
. . . .
33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Contents
3
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RAID Controller Module Connectors and Features
Host Channel LED Link/Rate Indications
. . .
34
. . . . . . . .
36
. . . .
36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
RAID Controller Module—Additional Features .
Battery Backup Unit
Storage Array Thermal Shutdown
System Password Reset
. . . . . . . . .
37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
Cache Functions and Features .
Cache Mirroring.
Write–Back Cache
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write–Through Cache
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SFP Transceivers, Fiber Optic, and SAS Cables .
Interoperability of 2 Gbps, 4 Gbps,
and 8 Gbps Devices . . . . . . . .
4
38
. . . . . . . . . . .
40
. . . . .
Physical Disks, Virtual Disks, and Disk Groups .
41
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
43
Virtual Disks and Disk Groups
. . . . . . . . . . .
43
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Virtual Disk States
RAID Levels.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
RAID Level Usage .
Segment Size .
Virtual Disk Operations
Contents
41
. . . .
Physical Disk States
4
38
. . . .
Planning: MD3600f Series Storage
Array Terms and Concepts . . . . . .
Physical Disks .
38
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
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Virtual Disk Initialization
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Background Initialization .
47
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
Consistency Check
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
Media Verification
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49
Foreground Initialization
Cycle Time
Virtual Disk Operations Limit
Disk Group Operations.
. . . . . . . . . . . .
49
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
RAID Level Migration .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Segment Size Migration
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Virtual Disk Capacity Expansion
Disk Group Expansion
50
50
. . . . . . . . . .
51
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
Disk Group Defragmentation .
Disk Group Operations Limit
. . . . . . . . . . .
51
. . . . . . . . . . . .
51
RAID Background Operations Priority
. . . . . . . . .
52
. . . . . . .
53
Disk Migration
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
Disk Roaming .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Advanced Features
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Virtual Disk Migration and Disk Roaming.
. . . . . . .
55
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
Host Server–to–Virtual Disk Mapping
Host Types
Snapshot Virtual Disks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk.
Virtual Disk Copy
57
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
Virtual Disk Recovery .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Snapshot and Disk Copy Together .
Multi-Path Software .
56
. . . . . . . . .
58
. . . . .
59
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
Preferred and Alternate Controllers
and Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Virtual Disk Ownership
. . . . . . . .
59
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Contents
5
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Load Balancing.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring MD3600f Series System Performance
5
Configuration: Overview
User Interface
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
65
. . . . . . . . .
66
. . . . . . . . . . . .
67
Configuration: About Your
Storage Array . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
69
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
Storage Arrays
Adding Storage Arrays
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Your Storage Array
Locating Storage Arrays
Setting a Password .
72
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
73
. . . . . . .
73
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
Viewing Storage Array Connections
. . . . . . . .
76
. . . . . . . . . .
77
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
Adding/Editing a Comment to an
Existing Storage Array . . . . .
Removing Storage Arrays .
Enabling Premium Features.
Failover Alert Display .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
78
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
Changing the Cache Settings on the
Storage Array . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Expansion Enclosure
ID Number. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
79
. . . . . . . . . .
79
Changing the Enclosure Order in the
Physical Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
70
. . . . . . . . . . .
Naming or Renaming Storage Arrays .
6
61
Array Management Window
Enterprise Management Window
6
. . .
60
. . . . . . .
80
Configuring Alert Notifications
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
Configuring E–mail Alerts .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
81
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Configuring SNMP Alerts .
Battery Settings
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
Setting the Storage Array RAID Controller
Module Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Configuration: Event Monitor
. . . .
86
. . . . . . . . .
87
Enabling or Disabling the Event Monitor
. . . . . . . .
88
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
Windows
Linux
8
Configuration: About Your Host .
. . . . . . .
89
Configuring Host Access
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
Using the Mappings Tab .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
90
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
90
Defining a Host
Removing Host Access
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92
Managing Host Groups
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92
Creating a Host Group
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
Moving a Host to a Different Host Group .
Removing a Host Group.
Host Topology .
93
Starting or Stopping the Host Context Agent.
I/O Data Path Protection .
. . .
95
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
Managing Host Port Identifiers
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
97
7
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9
Configuration: Disk Groups and
Virtual Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
101
. . . . . . .
101
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
Creating Disk Groups and Virtual Disks .
Creating Disk Groups
Locating a Disk Group
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
Creating Virtual Disks .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
Changing the Virtual Disk
Modification Priority . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Virtual Disk Cache Settings
. . . .
107
. . . . . . . . .
109
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
Changing the Segment Size of a
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the I/O Type.
. . . .
111
. . . . . . . . . . .
112
Creating a Security Key .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
114
Changing a Security Key
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
Saving a Security Key .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
117
Validate Security Key .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
118
Choosing an Appropriate Physical Disk Type .
Physical Disk Security With Self
Encrypting Disk . . . . . . . . .
Unlocking Secure Physical Disks .
Erasing Secure Physical Disks
. . . . . . . .
119
. . . . . . . . . .
119
. . . . . . . .
120
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
Configuring Hot Spare Physical Disks .
Hot Spares and Rebuild .
Global Hot Spares .
Hot Spare Operation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hot Spare Drive Protection .
Enclosure Loss Protection .
123
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Host-to-Virtual Disk Mappings
Contents
122
. . . . . . . . . . .
Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping
8
106
. . . . .
125
126
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Modifying and Removing Host-to-Virtual
Disk Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Controller Ownership of the
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
127
. . . . . .
128
Removing Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping .
Changing the RAID Controller Module
Ownership of a Disk Group . . . . . . .
. . . . .
129
. . . . . .
129
Changing the RAID Level of a Disk Group
. . . . .
Removing a Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping
Using Linux DMMP . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restricted Mappings.
. . . .
131
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
132
Changing the RAID Controller Module
Ownership of a Virtual Disk or a Disk Group .
. . .
134
. . . . . . .
136
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
137
Changing the RAID Level of a Disk Group .
Storage Partitioning .
130
Disk Group and Virtual Disk Expansion .
. . . . . . . .
138
Disk Group Expansion
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
138
Virtual Disk Expansion
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
Using Free Capacity
. . . . . . . . . . .
140
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
Using Unconfigured Capacity
Disk Group Migration
Export Disk Group.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Import Disk Group
140
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
141
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
141
Exporting a Disk Group .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
142
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
143
Importing a Disk Group .
Storage Array Media Scan
. . . . . . . . . .
143
. . . . . . . . . . . .
144
Changing Media Scan Settings
Suspending the Media Scan
Contents
9
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10 Configuration: Premium
Feature—Snapshot Virtual Disks
Scheduling a Snapshot Virtual Disk .
. . . . .
145
. . . . . . . . .
146
Common Reasons for Scheduling a
Snapshot Virtual Disk . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
146
Guidelines for Creating Snapshot
Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
147
Enabling and Disabling Snapshot
Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
148
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk Using
the Simple Path . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About the Simple Path
. . . . . . .
148
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
Preparing Host Servers to Create the
Snapshot Using the Simple Path . . .
. . . . . .
150
. . . . . . .
152
. . . . . . . . . . . .
152
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk Using
the Advanced Path . . . . . . . . . . . .
About the Advanced Path.
Preparing Host Servers to Create the
Snapshot Using the Advanced Path .
Creating the Snapshot Using
the Advanced Path . . . . .
. . . . . .
154
. . . . . . . . . . .
156
. . . . . .
157
. . . . . . . . . . . .
159
Specifying Snapshot Virtual Disk Names .
Snapshot Repository Capacity .
Disabling a Snapshot Virtual Disk .
. . . . . . . . . .
Preparing Host Servers to Re-create a
Snapshot Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
163
. . . . . . . . .
164
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
164
Re-creating Snapshot Virtual Disks .
Snapshot Rollback .
Rules and Guidelines for Performing a
Snapshot Rollback . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Contents
162
. . . . .
165
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Protecting Against a Failed Snapshot
Rollback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
166
Previous Versions of the MD Storage
Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
166
. . . . . . . . . . .
166
Starting a Snapshot Rollback .
Resuming a Snapshot Rollback
. . . . . . . . . .
167
Canceling a Snapshot Rollback
. . . . . . . . . .
168
11 Configuration: Premium
Feature—Virtual Disk Copy
Types of Virtual Disk Copies .
. . . . . . . . .
169
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
Offline Copy .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
Online Copy .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
171
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy for an
MSCS Shared Disk . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
Virtual Disk Read/Write Permissions .
. . . . . . . . .
172
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
173
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
174
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
174
Virtual Disk Copy Restrictions .
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy.
Before You Begin .
Virtual Disk Copy and Modification
Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Copy Wizard
. . . . . . . .
175
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
175
Failed Virtual Disk Copy.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
175
. . . . .
176
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
Preferred RAID Controller Module Ownership
Failed RAID Controller Module
Copy Manager
172
Copying the Virtual Disk .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
177
11
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Storage Array Performance During
Virtual Disk Copy . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Copy Priority .
. . . . . . . . . .
178
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
178
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
Stopping a Virtual Disk Copy
Recopying a Virtual Disk .
Preparing Host Servers to Recopy a
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
180
. . . . . . . . . . . .
181
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
182
Re-Copying a Virtual Disk .
Removing Copy Pairs.
12 Configuration: Premium Feature—
Upgrading to
High–Performance Tier . . . . . . . . .
. . . .
183
13 Configuration: Premium Feature—
Remote Replication . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .
185
. . . . .
185
. . . . . . . . . .
186
Switchable Host Access Configuration
Required With Remote Replication . . .
Activating Remote Replication
. . . . . . .
186
. . . . . . . . . . .
187
Replication Repository Virtual Disks
RAID Levels for Replication
Repository Virtual Disks. . .
Primary and Secondary Virtual Disk Pairs
. . . .
187
. . . . . . . . .
188
Storage Partitioning With
Remote Replication . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
188
Snapshot Virtual Disk With
Remote Replication . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
189
Using Remote Replication With
Other Features . . . . . . . . .
Virtual Disk Copy With Remote Replication
12
Contents
. . .
189
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Virtual Disk Expansion With
Remote Replication . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Required Switch Zoning Configurations
. . . . . .
Zoning Guidelines for Remote Replication .
Switch Cascading
189
190
. . . .
190
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
190
Journaling File Systems and
Remote Replication . . . . .
Setting Up and Managing
Remote Replication . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
191
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
191
Activating the Remote Replication Premium
Feature and Creating Replication
Virtual Disks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . .
192
Activating and Creating Replication
Repository Virtual Disks From
the Storage Array . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
192
Activating and Creating Replication
Repository Virtual Disks From an
Existing Disk Group . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
193
. . . . . . . . . .
194
Creating a Remote Replication .
Selecting the Secondary Virtual Disk
Setting the Write Mode .
. . . . . . .
195
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
195
Setting Synchronization Priority and
Synchronization Method . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
196
. . . . . . . .
197
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
198
Completing the Remote Replication
RAID Controller Module
Ownership/Preferred Path
Viewing Information About a Remote
Replication or Replication Repository
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the Properties Pane .
. . . . . . .
198
. . . . . . . . . . .
200
Viewing Logical Elements of the
Secondary Virtual Disk . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the Physical Components or Logical
Elements of the Primary Virtual Disk . . . . .
Virtual Disk Status Icons
200
. . .
201
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
202
Changing Write Mode and Consistency
Group Membership . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
Contents
202
13
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Resynchronizing Virtual Disks
. . . . . . . . . .
Normally Synchronized Virtual Disks .
. . . . . .
204
. . . . . . . .
205
. . . . . . . . . .
207
Changing Synchronization Priority
and Method . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unsynchronized Virtual Disks .
Automatically Resynchronizing Virtual Disks .
. .
208
Manually Resynchronizing Virtual Disks
. . . . .
208
Reversing Roles Between the Primary
and Secondary Virtual Disks . . . . . .
. . . . .
209
Promoting the Secondary Virtual Disk or
Demoting the Primary Virtual Disk . . . .
. . . .
210
. . . . . . . .
210
. . . . . . . . .
211
Suspending a Remote Replication
Resuming a Remote Replication
About Resumed Remote Replications
. . . . . .
211
Testing Communication Between the
Primary and Secondary Virtual Disks .
. . . . . .
212
Deleting a Virtual Disk From a Replicated Pair
in a Storage Array. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting a Primary Virtual Disk .
.
213
. . . . . . . . .
213
Deleting a Secondary Virtual Disk
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
214
Deleting a Secondary Virtual Disk in a
Replicated Pair From a Storage Array
. . . . . .
215
. . . . .
215
. . . . . .
216
. . . . . . . .
217
Deactivating the Remote Replication
on the Storage Array . . . . . . . . .
Disabling the Remote Replication
Premium Feature . . . . . . . . .
14 Configuration: Device Mapper
Multipath for Linux . . . . . . . . .
Overview .
Contents
214
Deleting a Primary Virtual Disk in a
Replicated Pair From a Storage Array
Removing a Remote Replication From a
Storage Array . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
204
. . . . . . .
219
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
219
book.book Page 15 Tuesday, June 18, 2013 3:03 PM
Using DM Multipathing Devices
Prerequisites
. . . . . . . . . . . .
220
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
220
Device Mapper Configuration Steps .
. . . . . . .
221
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
227
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
228
Limitations and Known Issues.
Troubleshooting
15 Management: Firmware
Downloads . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Downloading RAID Controller and
NVSRAM Packages . . . . . . . .
229
229
. . . . . . . . . . .
Downloading Both RAID Controller and
NVSRAM Firmware . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
230
Downloading Only NVSRAM Firmware .
. . . . . . . .
232
. . . . . . . . .
235
Downloading Physical Disk Firmware
Downloading MD1200 Series Expansion
Module EMM Firmware . . . . . . . . .
Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology (SMART) .
. . . . . . . .
237
. . . . . . . . . . . .
238
Media Errors and Unreadable Sectors
239
. . . . . . . . .
16 Management: Installing Array
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
241
Recommended Tools .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
241
Front Bezel (Optional)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
242
Removing the Front Bezel
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
242
Installing the Front Bezel .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
242
Contents
15
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Hard Drives .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Hard-Drive Blank
. . . . . . . . . .
243
Installing a Hard-Drive Blank .
. . . . . . . . . .
244
Removing a Hard Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
244
Installing a Hard Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
246
Removing a Hard Drive From a
Hard-Drive Carrier . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
247
. . . . . . . . . . .
249
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
249
Installing a Hard Drive Into a
Hard-Drive Carrier . . . . .
RAID Controller Module
Removing a RAID Controller Module Blank
. . .
249
Installing a RAID Controller Module Blank .
. . .
250
. . . . . .
251
. . . . . . .
252
Removing a RAID Controller Module .
Installing a RAID Controller Module
Opening the RAID Controller Module .
Closing the RAID Controller Module
. . . . . .
253
. . . . . . .
254
. . . .
255
. . . . .
255
. . . . . .
256
. . . . . . . . . .
257
RAID Controller Module Backup Battery Unit .
Removing the RAID Controller Module
Backup Battery Unit . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the RAID Controller Module
Backup Battery Unit . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module
Removing a Power Supply/Cooling
Fan Module . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
257
. . . . . . . .
258
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
259
Installing a Power Supply/Cooling
Fan Module . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control Panel .
Removing the Control Panel
. . . . . . . . . . .
259
Installing the Control Panel .
. . . . . . . . . . .
261
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
262
Backplane
Removing the Backplane .
16
Contents
243
. . . . . . . . . . . .
262
book.book Page 17 Tuesday, June 18, 2013 3:03 PM
Installing the Backplane
17 Management: Firmware Inventory
Viewing the Firmware Inventory
267
. . . . .
269
269
269
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Volume Shadow-Copy Service .
269
. . . . . . . . . .
19 Troubleshooting: Your Storage
Array Software . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
271
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device Health Conditions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Array Support Data .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatically Collect the Support Bundle Data
271
271
274
. . . .
275
. . . . . . . . . . .
276
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
277
Collecting the Physical Disk Data .
Event Log .
267
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Virtual Disk Service .
Start–Up Routine .
. . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
18 Management: System Interfaces
Microsoft Services.
265
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovery Guru
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Array Profile
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
278
278
Viewing the Logical Associations.
. . . . . . . . . . .
280
Viewing the Physical Associations
. . . . . . . . . . .
281
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
281
Finding Nodes
Contents
17
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Using Go To .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovering From an Unresponsive Storage
Array Condition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating a Physical Disk .
. . . . .
284
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
287
. . . . . . . . . .
287
. . . . . . . . . . .
288
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
289
Locating an Expansion Enclosure .
Capturing the State Information .
SMrepassist Utility .
Unidentified Devices .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovering From an Unidentified Storage Array
20 Troubleshooting: Your Array
Safety First—For You and Your Array
290
. . . . . . . .
293
. . . . . . . . .
295
. . . . . . . . .
295
. . .
295
. . . . . . .
295
. . . . . . . . .
295
Troubleshooting Storage Array Startup Failure .
Troubleshooting Loss of Communication
Troubleshooting an SFP Transceiver
Troubleshooting External Connections
. . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Power Supply/Cooling
Fan Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Expansion Enclosure
Management Modules . . . . . . . . .
298
298
. . . . . .
299
. . . . . . . .
300
Troubleshooting Array Cooling Problems .
Troubleshooting RAID Controller Modules
Contents
290
. . .
Starting or Restarting the Host Context
Agent Software. . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
283
. . . . . .
301
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Troubleshooting Hard Drives
Troubleshooting Array and Expansion
Enclosure Connections . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
303
Troubleshooting a Wet Storage Array .
. . . . . . . . .
304
. . . . . . . . . . .
305
Troubleshooting a Damaged Array
Troubleshooting RAID Controller Modules
Conditions.
21 Getting Help .
. . . . . . .
306
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
306
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating Your System Service Tag
Contacting Dell
309
. . . . . . . . . . .
309
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
309
Documentation Feedback
Index
302
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
310
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
311
Contents
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20
Contents
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1
Introduction
NOTE: Unless specified, MD3600f Series represents Dell PowerVault MD3600f and
Dell PowerVault MD3620f storage arrays.
WARNING: See the Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information document
for important safety information before following any procedures listed in this
document.
About This Document
This guide familiarizes you with the functions of the Dell PowerVault
MD3600f Series storage array. The guide is organized according to the tasks
that you must complete after receiving your MD3600f Series storage array.
The tasks are:
Planning—Information about the storage array and its features.
Configuration—Tasks that must be completed to ensure that your storage
array performs optimally.
Management—Tasks that may be performed to ensure that the storage array
components are up to date and performing properly, including removal and
installation of storage array components.
Troubleshooting—Tasks that you must complete to resolve problems that
may occur with the storage array.
Additional information on these and other topics can be found in the Dell
PowerVault MD3600f and MD3620f Storage Array Deployment Guide at
dell.com/support/manuals.
Introduction
21
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Inside the Box of the Dell PowerVault MD3600f
Series Storage Array
Your MD3600f Series product package includes:
•
Dell PowerVault MD3600f Series storage array
•
Small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver (2 per controller)
•
Fiber optic cables (optional)
•
Power cables (2)
•
Front bezel (optional)
•
Mounting rails (2) (optional)
•
MD3600f Series resource media
•
Rack Installation Instructions
•
Getting Started With Your System (provides an overview of enclosure
features, setting up your enclosure, and technical specifications)
MD3600f Series Storage Array
The MD3600f Series is a 2U rack-mounted external redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) storage array capable of accommodating up to
twelve 3.5" or twenty four 2.5" 6.0-Gbps Serial-Attached SCSI (SAS) disks.
The MD3600f Series storage arrays can be daisy-chained with MD1200 Series
expansion enclosures, providing access to a maximum of 120 disks (or 192
disks with Premium Feature activation) in the entire storage array.
Connectivity between the storage array and the host server is provided by a
Fibre Channel (FC) host bus adapter (HBA).
Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager (MDSM) is a graphical user
interface (GUI) application, used to configure and manage one or more
MD3600f Series storage arrays. The MDSM software is located on the
MD3600f Series resource media.
22
Introduction
book.book Page 23 Tuesday, June 18, 2013 3:03 PM
Other Information You May Need
WARNING: See the safety and regulatory information that shipped with your
system. Warranty information may be included within this document or as a
separate document.
•
The Getting Started Guide provides an overview of setting up and cabling
your storage array.
•
The Deployment Guide provides installation and configuration instructions
for both software and hardware.
•
The Storage Manager CLI Guide provides information about using the
command line interface (CLI).
•
The Resource media contains all system management tools.
•
The Configuring Fibre Channel with the Dell MD3600f Series Storage
Array provides information regarding configurations, host bus adapter
(HBA) installation, and zoning. This document is available at
dell.com/support/manuals.
•
The Systems Support Matrix provides information on supported software
and hardware for MD systems. The document is available at
dell.com/support/manuals.
•
The Dell PowerEdge Cluster Documentation is available at
dell.com/support/manuals.
•
Release notes or readme files are included to provide last-minute updates
to the enclosure or documentation or advanced technical reference
material intended for experienced users or technicians.
•
This document as well as Dell PowerVault MD 1200 Series Installation
Guide is available at dell.com/support/manuals for users who incorporate
MD1200 expansion enclosures.
•
The Rack Installation Instructions included with your rack solution
describes how to install your enclosure into a rack.
NOTE: Always check for updates on dell.com/support/manuals and read the
updates first because they often supersede information in other documents.
Introduction
23
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24
Introduction
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2
Planning: About Your Storage Array
Overview
The MD3600f Series storage array is designed for high availability, offering
redundant access to data storage. It’s features support for both single and dual
RAID controller configurations.
The Dell PowerVault MD3600f Series storage array provides Fibre Channel
(FC) connectivity to the host server and enables access for up to eight nonredundant servers or four redundant servers.
The MD3600f Series storage array includes a number of components. These are:
•
RAID controller module(s)
•
PSU/fan modules
•
Disk drives (also called physical disks/hard drives in this document)
•
A front bezel (optional)
•
A system enclosure, into which, the other components are plugged
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Hardware Features
Front-Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 2-1. Front-Panel Features and Indicators—Dell PowerVault MD3600f
1
2
3
4
5
6
Figure 2-2. Front-Panel Features and Indicators—Dell PowerVault MD3620f
1
2
3
4
5
6
26
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Figure 2-3. Front-Bezel Features and Indicators
1
2
3
Item Indicator, Button, or
Connector
1
Enclosure status LED
Icon
Description
The enclosure status LED lights when the
enclosure power is on.
Lights blue during normal operation.
Blinks blue when a host server is identifying the
enclosure or when the system identification
button is pressed.
Lights amber as enclosure boots or is reset.
Blinks amber when the enclosure is either in a
fault state or the hosts are not using the preferred
path to a virtual disk.
2
Power LED
The power LED lights green when at least one
power supply is supplying power to
the enclosure.
Planning: About Your Storage Array
27
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Item Indicator, Button, or
Connector
Icon
Description
3
Split mode LED
This LED must be unlit as the split mode
function is not supported by the MD3600f Series
Storage Arrays.
4
System identification
button
The system identification button on the front
control panel can be used to locate a particular
enclosure within a rack. When the button is
pushed, the system status indicators on the
control panel and the RAID controller module(s)
blink blue until the button is pushed again.
5
Hard drives
MD3600f—Up to twelve 3.5" SAS hot-swappable
hard drives.
MD3620f—Up to twenty four 2.5" SAS hotswappable hard drives.
6
Enclosure mode
switch
The function of this switch is not applicable to
your storage array. However, if MD1200 Series
expansion enclosures are daisy chained to the
storage array, the enclosure mode switches of the
MD1200 Series expansion enclosures must be set
to the Unified-Mode position.
NOTE: This switch must be set before turning on
the MD1200 Series expansion enclosure. Changing
the switch setting after the expansion enclosure is
turned on has no effect on the enclosure
configuration until the expansion enclosure goes
through a complete power cycle.
28
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Back Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 2-4. Back-Panel Features and Indicators—Dell PowerVault MD3600f Series
1
3
2
4
1
600 W power supply/cooling fan
module
2
RAID Controller Module 0
3
RAID Controller Module 1
4
600 W power supply/cooling fan
module
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Hard–Drive Indicator Patterns
Figure 2-5. Hard Drive Indicators
1
30
1
hard-drive activity indicator (green)
2
2
Planning: About Your Storage Array
hard-drive status indicator (green
and amber)
book.book Page 31 Tuesday, June 18, 2013 3:03 PM
Drive-Status Indicator Pattern
Condition
Off
The physical disk is:
• not yet discovered by the host server
• is spun down for removal
• not supported for the RAID controller
module or is not in the physical disk slot
NOTE: The drive status indicator remains
off until all hard drives are initialized after
system power is turned on. Drives are not
ready for insertion or removal during this
time.
Steady green
Physical disk is online
Green flashing (On 250 ms, Off 250 ms) Physical disk is being identified
Green flashing (On 400 ms, Off 100 ms) Physical disk rebuilding
Amber flashing (On 150 ms, Off 150 ms) Physical disk failed
Flashing green, amber, and Off (green On Physical disk failure predicted (SMART)
500 ms, amber On 500 ms, Off 1000 ms)
Flashing green, amber, and Off (green 3
seconds, amber 3 seconds, and Off 3
seconds)
Physical disk rebuild aborted
Power Supply and Cooling Fan Features
The MD3600f Series storage array includes two integrated, hot-swappable
power supply/cooling fan modules. Both modules must be installed to ensure
proper cooling. The system requires at least one of the cooling fans to
function to avoid overheating.
A power supply/cooling fan module can be replaced without powering down
the system. For information on removing and installing the modules, see
"Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module" on page 257.
CAUTION: A power supply/cooling fan module can be removed from a poweredon enclosure for a maximum period of 5 minutes. Beyond that time, the system may
automatically shut down to prevent damage.
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Power Indicator Codes and Features
Figure 2-6. Power Indicator Codes and Features
1
2
3
4
5
Item LED Type
1
DC power
Icon Description
The LED lights green when the DC output
voltage is within the limit.
If this LED is off, it indicates that the DC output
voltage are not within the limit.
2
Power supply/cooling
fan fault
The LED lights amber when the DC output
voltage is not within the limit or a fault with the
fan is detected.
If this LED is off, it indicates that no fault
condition is present.
3
AC power
The LED lights green when the AC input voltage
is within the limit.
If this LED is off, it indicates either there is no
power or the AC input voltage is not within
the limit.
4
Power connector
Connect the external power supply to
this connector.
5
Power switches (2)
The power switch controls the power supply
output to the enclosure.
32
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3
Planning: RAID Controller Modules
RAID Controller Modules
The RAID controller modules provide high-performance, advanced virtual
disk configuration, and fault-tolerant disk subsystem management. Each
RAID controller module contains 2 GB or 4 GB of mirrored cache for high
availability and is protected by a battery powered cache offload mechanism.
NOTE: The 4 GB mirrored cache is an optional feature.
RAID controller modules provide the following data path and enclosure
management functions:
•
Monitoring and controlling enclosure environment elements
(temperature, fans, power supplies, and enclosure LEDs)
•
Controlling access to the physical disks
•
Communicating enclosure attributes and states to the host server and
management station
Each RAID controller module has multiple Fibre Channel (FC) ports
(labeled FCIN) for host access. The ports provide redundant host
connections and support a high availability storage environment. Each port
must have a small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver module installed
for connectivity. Various configurations can be utilized, in both single
controller (simplex) and dual controller (duplex) modes, to connect the
storage enclosure to hosts depending on specific redundancy needs.
For information on cabling, see the MD3600f and MD3620f Series Storage
Array’s Deployment Guide, at dell.com/support/manuals.
Planning: RAID Controller Modules
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RAID Controller Module Connectors and Features
Figure 3-1. MD3600f Series Fibre Channel RAID Controller Module
1
2
21
20
3
4
19 18 17 16 15 14 13
6
5
12
11
7
10
9
8
Item
Component
Function
1
SAS OUT port
Provides SAS connection for cabling to a downchain
expansion enclosure.
2
FCIN port 0
Provides host-to-controller FC connection.
3
FCIN port 1
Provides host-to-controller FC connection.
4
FCIN port 2
Provides host-to-controller FC connection.
5
FCIN port 3
Provides host-to-controller FC connection.
6
MAC Address
label
Provides MAC addresses of the management port.
7
Debug port
Dell support only.
8
Management
port activity
LED
Lights green when Ethernet connection is active.
34
Off when Ethernet connection is not active.
Planning: RAID Controller Modules
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Item
Component
Function
9
Management
port Ethernet
connector
Provides a 100/1000 Mbps Ethernet connection for out-ofband management of the enclosure.
10
Management
port speed LED
Lights green when Ethernet connection is operating at
1000 Mbps.
Lights amber when Ethernet connection is operating at
100 Mbps.
Off when Ethernet connection is operating at 10 Mbps or is
not active.
11
Password reset
switch
Activating this switch resets the password.
12
Battery fault
Lights amber when battery backup unit or battery
has failed.
Off when battery backup unit is operating normally.
13
FCIN port 3
LED 1 / LED 0
Displays link rate and port status per the accompanying
host channel LED link/rate table.
14
Cache active or
cache offload
LED
Lights green when on-board controller memory
contains data.
If AC power fails, this LED changes to indicate Cache
Offload status.
If the password reset function has successfully changed the
password, this LED flashes on and off briefly.
15
FCIN port 2
LED 1 / LED 0
Displays link rate and port status per the accompanying
host channel LED link/rate table.
16
System
identification
LED
Blinks blue when system identification switch push-button
on enclosure front panel is pressed.
17
Controller fault
LED
Lights amber when controller fault detected.
18
FCIN port 1
LED 1 / LED 0
Displays link rate and port status per the accompanying
host channel LED link/rate table.
19
Controller power Lights green when controller power is on.
LED
Off when controller is not powered.
Off when controller operating normally.
Planning: RAID Controller Modules
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Item
Component
Function
20
FCIN port 0
LED 1 / LED 0
Displays link rate and port status per the accompanying
host channel LED link/rate table.
21
SAS OUT port
link/fault LED
Lights green when all four links are connected.
Lights amber when one to 3 links are disconnected.
Off when all links in the port are disconnected or cable is
disconnected.
Host Channel LED Link/Rate Indications
Below each FC port is a pair of LED indicators. The status of any FC port can
be determined by applying Table 3-1 to the condition of each LED pair.
Table 3-1. LED Status Indicators
LED 1
LED 0
CommRate
Off
Off
Link down
Off
On
2 Gbps
On
Off
4 Gbps
On
On
8 Gbps
RAID Controller Module—Additional Features
Battery Backup Unit
Each RAID controller contains a two-cell Lithium ion nanopolymer battery
backup unit (BBU). It provides power to the RAID controller module in the
event of a power outage, see "RAID Controller Module Backup Battery Unit"
on page 255.
NOTE: For virtual disks, the RAID controller firmware changes the data cache
setting based on the state of the battery. If the battery is missing or does not have
sufficient charge, the controller flushes the cache and sets the write cache
attribute to Write Through for all virtual disks. When the battery is replaced, Write
Back is re-enabled.
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Storage Array Thermal Shutdown
The system automatically shuts down when system temperature exceeds the
safe threshold. The battery backup unit protects against data loss by
providing power to offload cache to non-volatile memory in the event of
power loss. It is not necessary to shut down any MD1200 Series expansion
enclosures attached to the storage array when thermal shutdown occurs.
Temperature threshold values determine the temperature at which shutdown
occurs. These thresholds cannot be changed.
Table 3-2. Shutdown Threshold Type
Threshold Temperature Exceeding
Event Description
Nominal failure threshold
A critical event is set.
Maximum failure threshold
Shutdown of the system power supplies occurs
within 3 minutes.
Shutdown threshold
Shutdown of the system power supplies occurs
within 5 seconds.
System Password Reset
The storage array password can be reset if it is forgotten. To reset the password,
push and hold down the password reset switch for at least 5 seconds. The
password is deleted. See Figure 3-1 to locate the password reset switch.
The RAID controller module allows you to change the password. For more
about setting your password, see "Setting a Password" on page 75.
NOTE: The reset switch can be accessed by using a small object such as the tip of
a pen.
Cache Functions and Features
Cache Mirroring
Cache mirroring function copies accepted host-write data from the primary
controller to the partner controller. This action ensures that host-write data is
safely mirrored to the partner controller before successful completion status is
returned to the host. If a controller fails, the surviving controller safely retains
all mirrored data. Cache mirroring is enabled by default.
Planning: RAID Controller Modules
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Write–Back Cache
In write-back cache, write operations result in a completion signal being sent
to the host operating system as soon as the cache receives the data to be
written. The target physical disk receives the data at a more appropriate time
in order to increase controller performance. In dual-active controller
configurations with write-back caching enabled, the write data is always
mirrored to the cache of the second controller before completion status is
issued to the host initiator. Write-back cache is enabled by default unless
cache mirroring is disabled.
Write–Through Cache
In write-through cache, data is written to the physical disk before completion
status is returned to the host operating system. Write-through cache is
considered more robust than write-back cache, since a power failure is less
likely to cause loss of data. The RAID controller automatically switches to
write-through if cache mirroring is disabled or if the battery is missing or has a
fault condition.
SFP Transceivers, Fiber Optic, and SAS Cables
Figure 3-2 shows fiber optic cable and SFP transceivers.
NOTE: Your SFP transceivers and cables may look different from the ones shown
below. The differences do not affect the performance of the SFP transceivers.
FC host connections may operate at 8 Gbps or at a lower data rate. Ports for 8
Gbps FC host connections require SFP transceivers designed for this data rate.
SFP transceivers that support other data rates are incompatible.
WARNING: Do not disassemble or remove any part of a small form-factor
pluggable (SFP) transceiver due to the possibility of being exposed to laser
radiation.
38
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Figure 3-2. Fiber Optic Cable Connection
1
2
1
SFP transceiver
2
Fiber optic cable
The RAID expansion ports support SAS expansion connections. Figure 3-3
shows a SAS cable and an SFF-8088 connector.
Figure 3-3. SAS Cable
1
2
1
SFF-8088 connector
2
SAS cable
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Interoperability of 2 Gbps, 4 Gbps, and 8 Gbps
Devices
The FC standard specifies a procedure for speedy auto-detection. If a 4 Gbps
port on a switch or device is connected to a 2 Gbps port, it must negotiate
down for the link to run at 2 Gbps. If there are two 8 Gbps ports on either end
of a link, the negotiation runs the link at 8 Gbps if the link supports the
required specifications. If a link connects at 4 Gbps in this scenario, possible
causes could be excessive cable length, poor cable quality, loose cables or
SFPs, and so on. Ensure that the cable lengths are not excessive and the
quality of the cable and connector is good.
The same rules apply to 8 Gbps devices relative to 4 Gbps and 2 Gbps
environments. The 8 Gbps devices have the ability to automatically negotiate
down to either 4 Gbps or 2 Gbps, depending on the attached device and link
quality. If the link negotiates down to a speed slower than expected, check
the device.
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4
Planning: MD3600f Series Storage
Array Terms and Concepts
This chapter explains terms and concepts used for configuration and
operation of MD3600f Series storage arrays.
Physical Disks, Virtual Disks, and Disk Groups
Physical disks in your storage array provide the physical storage capacity for
your data. Before you can begin writing data to the storage array, you must
configure the physical storage capacity into logical components, called disk
groups and virtual disks.
A disk group is a set of physical disks upon which multiple virtual disks are
created. The maximum number of physical disks supported in a disk group is
120 disks (or 192 disks with Premium Feature activation) for RAID 0, RAID 1,
and RAID 10, and 30 drives for RAID 5 and RAID 6. You can create disk
groups from unconfigured capacity on your storage array.
A virtual disk is a partition in a disk group that is made up of contiguous data
segments of the physical disks in the disk group. A virtual disk consists of data
segments from all physical disks in the disk group. Virtual disks and disk
groups are set up according to how you plan to organize your data. For
example, you may have one virtual disk for inventory, a second virtual disk for
financial and tax information, and so on.
All virtual disks in a disk group support the same RAID level. The storage
array supports up to 255 virtual disks (minimum size of 10 MB each) that can
be assigned to host servers. Each virtual disk is assigned a Logical Unit
Number (LUN) that is recognized by the host operating system.
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Physical Disks
Only Dell supported 6.0 Gbps SAS physical disks are supported in the storage
array. If the storage array detects unsupported physical disks, it marks the disk
as unsupported and the physical disk becomes unavailable for all operations.
NOTE: The MD3600f Series storage array must contain at least two physical disks
for proper operation. This is necessary because the physical disks are used to store
configuration information.
Physical Disk States
Table 4-1 describes the various states of the physical disk, which are
recognized by the storage array and reported in the MDSM application.
Table 4-1. RAID Controller Physical Disk States
Status
Mode
Description
Optimal
Assigned
The physical disk in the indicated slot Steady Green
is configured as part of a disk group.
Optimal
Unassigned
The physical disk in the indicated slot Steady Green
is unused and available to be
configured.
Optimal
Hot Spare
standby
The physical disk in the indicated slot Steady Green
is configured as a hot spare.
Optimal
Hot Spare in
use
The physical disk in the indicated slot is Steady Green
in use as a hot spare within a disk group.
Failed
Assigned,
Unassigned,
Hot Spare in
use, or Hot
Spare standby
The physical disk in the indicated slot Amber flashing
has failed because of an unrecoverable (150 ms)
error, an incorrect drive type or drive
size, or by its operational state being
set to failed.
Replaced Assigned
42
Physical Disk
Status LED
The physical disk in the indicated slot Green flashing
is replaced and is ready to be, or is
(On 400 ms, Off
actively being configured into a disk 100 ms)
group.
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Table 4-1. RAID Controller Physical Disk States (continued)
Status
Mode
Description
Physical Disk
Status LED
Pending
Failure
Assigned,
Unassigned,
Hot Spare in
use, or Hot
Spare standby
A Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology (SMART) error
is detected on the physical disk in the
indicated slot.
Green flashing
(500 ms), Amber
(500 ms), and
Off (1000ms)
Offline
Not applicable The physical disk has either been spun
down or had a rebuild aborted by
user request.
Green flashing
(3000 ms), Amber
(3000 ms), and
Off (3000ms)
Identify
Assigned,
The physical disk is being identified.
Unassigned,
Hot Spare in
use, or Hot
Spare standby
Green flashing
(250 ms)
If a disk drive rebuild fails because of a source drive failure or because the
drive is too small, the MDSM reports a failure of the physical disk even
though the LED state on the drive indicates the rebuild was aborted (green
for 3 seconds, amber for 3 seconds, then off for 3 seconds).
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology
SMART monitors the internal performance of all physical disk components to
detect faults indicating the potential for physical disk failure. SMART uses
this information to report whether failure is imminent so that a physical disk
can be replaced before failure occurs. The storage array monitors all attached
drives and notifies you when a predicted failure is reported by a physical disk.
Virtual Disks and Disk Groups
1 Organize the physical disks into disk groups.
2 Create virtual disks within these disk groups.
3 Provide host server access.
4 Create mappings to associate the virtual disks with the host servers.
NOTE: Host server access must be created before mapping virtual disks.
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Disk groups are always created in the unconfigured capacity of a storage array.
Unconfigured capacity is the available physical disk space not already
assigned in the storage array.
Virtual disks are created within the free capacity of a disk group. Free capacity
is the space in a disk group that has not been assigned to a virtual disk.
Virtual Disk States
The storage array recognizes the following virtual disk states.
Table 4-2. RAID Controller Virtual Disk States
State
Description
Optimal
The virtual disk contains physical disks that are all online.
Degraded
The virtual disk with a redundant RAID level contains an inaccessible
physical disk. The system can still work properly, but performance may
be affected and additional disk failures may result in data loss.
Offline
A virtual disk with one or more member disks is in an inaccessible (failed,
missing, or offline) state. Data on the virtual disk is no longer accessible.
Force online
The storage array forces a virtual disk that is in an Offline state to an
Optimal state. If all the member physical disks are not available, the
storage array forces the virtual disk to a Degraded state. The storage
array can force a virtual disk to an Online state only when a sufficient
number of physical disks are available to support the virtual disk.
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RAID Levels
RAID levels determine the way in which data is written to physical disks.
Different RAID levels provide different levels of accessibility, redundancy,
and capacity.
Using multiple physical disks has the following advantages over using a single
physical disk:
•
Placing data on multiple physical disks (striping) allows input/output (I/O)
operations to occur simultaneously and improve performance.
•
Storing redundant data on multiple physical disks using mirroring or parity
supports reconstruction of lost data if an error occurs, even if that error is
the failure of a physical disk.
Each RAID level provides different performance and protection. You must
select a RAID level based on the type of application, access, fault tolerance,
and data you are storing.
The storage array supports RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, and 10. The maximum
number of physical disks that can be used in a disk group depends on the
RAID level:
•
192 for RAID levels 0, 1, and 10
•
30 for RAID levels 5 and 6.
RAID Level Usage
To ensure best performance, you must select an optimal RAID level when you
create a system physical disk. The optimal RAID level for your disk array
depends on:
•
Number of physical disks in the disk array
•
Capacity of the physical disks in the disk array
•
Need for redundant access to the data (fault tolerance)
•
Disk performance requirements
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RAID 0
RAID 0 uses disk striping to provide high data throughput, especially for large
files in an environment that requires no data redundancy. RAID 0 breaks the
data down into segments and writes each segment to a separate physical disk.
I/O performance is greatly improved by spreading the I/O load across many
physical disks. Although it offers the best performance of any RAID level,
RAID 0 lacks data redundancy. Select this option only for non-critical data,
because failure of one physical disk results in the loss of all data. Examples of
RAID 0 applications include video editing, image editing, prepress
applications, or any application requiring high bandwidth.
RAID 1
RAID 1 uses disk mirroring so that data written to one physical disk is
simultaneously written to another physical disk. This RAID level offers fast
performance, the best data availability, and the highest disk overhead. RAID 1
is recommended for small databases or other applications that do not require
large capacity. RAID 1 provides full data redundancy. For example accounting,
payroll, or financial applications.
RAID 5
RAID 5 uses parity and striping data across all physical disks (distributed
parity) to provide high data throughput and data redundancy, especially for
small random access. This is a versatile RAID level and is suited for multi-user
environments where typical I/O size is small and there is a high proportion of
read activity such as file, application, database, web, e-mail, news, and
intranet servers.
RAID 6
RAID 6 is similar to RAID 5 but provides an additional parity disk for better
redundancy. This is the most versatile RAID level and is suited for multi-user
environments where typical I/O size is small and there is a high proportion of
read activity. RAID 6 is recommended when large size physical disks are used
or large number of physical disks are used in a disk group.
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RAID 10
RAID 10, a combination of RAID 1 and RAID 0, uses disk striping across
mirrored disks. It provides high data throughput and complete data
redundancy. Utilizing an even number of physical disks (four or more) creates
a RAID level 10 disk group and/or virtual disk. Because RAID levels 1 and 10
use disk mirroring, half of the capacity of the physical disks is utilized for
mirroring. This leaves the remaining half of the physical disk capacity for
actual storage. RAID 10 is automatically used when a RAID level of 1 is
chosen with four or more physical disks. RAID 10 works well for mediumsized databases or any environment that requires high performance and fault
tolerance and moderate-to-medium capacity.
Segment Size
Disk striping enables data to be written across multiple physical disks. Disk
striping enhances performance because striped disks are accessed simultaneously.
The segment size or stripe element size specifies the size of data in a stripe
written to a single disk. The MD3600f Series array supports stripe element sizes
of 8 KB, 16 KB, 32 KB, 64 KB, 128 KB, 256 KB, and 512 KB. The default stripe
element size is 128 KB.
Stripe width, or depth, refers to the number of disks involved in an array
where striping is implemented. For example, a four-disk group with disk
striping has a stripe width of four.
NOTE: Although disk striping delivers excellent performance, striping alone does
not provide data redundancy.
Virtual Disk Operations
Virtual Disk Initialization
Every virtual disk must be initialized. Initialization can be done in the
foreground or the background. A maximum of four virtual disks can be
initialized concurrently on each RAID controller module.
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Background Initialization
The storage array executes a background initialization when the virtual disk is
created to establish parity, while allowing full host server access to the virtual
disks. Background initialization does not run on RAID 0 virtual disks. The
background initialization rate is controlled by MDSM. To change the rate of
background initialization, you must stop any existing background
initialization. The rate change is implemented when the background
initialization restarts automatically.
Foreground Initialization
The storage array supports foreground initialization for virtual disks. All
access to the virtual disk is blocked during foreground initialization. During
foreground initialization, zeros (0x00) are written to every sector of the virtual
disk. The virtual disk is available after foreground initialization is completed.
Consistency Check
A consistency check verifies the correctness of data in a redundant array
(RAID levels 1, 5, 6, and 10). For example, in a system with parity, checking
consistency involves computing the data on one physical disk and comparing
the results to the contents of the parity physical disk.
A consistency check is similar to a background initialization. The difference is
that background initialization cannot be started or stopped manually, while
consistency check can.
NOTE: It is recommended that you run data consistency checks on a redundant
array at least once a month. This allows detection and automatic replacement of
unreadable sectors. Finding an unreadable sector during a rebuild of a failed
physical disk is a serious problem, because the system does not have the
redundancy to recover the data.
Media Verification
Another background task performed by the storage array is media verification
of all configured physical disks in a disk group. The storage array uses the
Read operation to perform verification on the space configured in virtual
disks and the space reserved for the metadata.
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Cycle Time
The media verification operation runs only on selected disk groups,
independent of other disk groups. Cycle time is the time taken to complete
verification of the metadata region of the disk group and all virtual disks in
the disk group for which media verification is configured. The next cycle for a
disk group starts automatically when the current cycle completes. You can set
the cycle time for a media verification operation between 1 and 30 days. The
storage controller throttles the media verification I/O accesses to disks based
on the cycle time.
The storage array tracks the cycle for each disk group independent of other disk
groups on the controller and creates a checkpoint. If the media verification
operation on a disk group is preempted or blocked by another operation on the
disk group, the storage array resumes after the current cycle. If the media
verification process on a disk group is stopped due to a RAID controller module
restart, the storage array resumes the process from the last checkpoint.
Virtual Disk Operations Limit
The maximum number of active, concurrent virtual disk processes per RAID
controller module installed in the storage array is four. This limit is applied to
the following virtual disk processes:
•
Background initialization
•
Foreground initialization
•
Consistency check
•
Rebuild
•
Copy back
If a redundant RAID controller module fails with existing virtual disk
processes, the processes on the failed controller are transferred to the peer
controller. A transferred process is placed in a suspended state if there are four
active processes on the peer controller. The suspended processes are resumed
on the peer controller when the number of active processes falls below four.
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Disk Group Operations
RAID Level Migration
You can migrate from one RAID level to another depending on your
requirements. For example, fault-tolerant characteristics can be added to a
stripe set (RAID 0) by converting it to a RAID 5 set. MDSM provides
information about RAID attributes to assist you in selecting the appropriate
RAID level. You can perform a RAID level migration while the system is still
running and without rebooting, which maintains data availability.
Segment Size Migration
Segment size refers to the amount of data (in KB) that the storage array writes on
a single physical disk in a virtual disk before writing data on the next physical disk.
Valid values for the segment size are 8 KB, 16 KB, 32 KB, 64 KB, 128 KB, 256
KB, and 512 KB.
Dynamic segment size migration enables the segment size of a given virtual disk
to be changed. A default segment size is set when the virtual disk is created, based
on such factors as the RAID level and expected usage. You can change the default
value (128 KB) if segment size usage does not match your needs.
When considering a segment-size change, two scenarios illustrate different
approaches to the limitations:
50
•
If I/O activity stretches beyond the segment size, you can increase it to
reduce the number of disks required for a single I/O. Using a single physical
disk for a single request frees disks to service other requests, especially
when you have multiple users accessing a database or storage environment.
•
If you use the virtual disk in a single-user, large I/O environment (such as
for multimedia application storage), performance can be optimized when
a single I/O request is serviced with a single data stripe (the segment size
multiplied by the number of physical disks in the disk group used for data
storage). In this case, multiple disks are used for the same request, but
each disk is only accessed once.
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Virtual Disk Capacity Expansion
When you configure a virtual disk, you select a capacity based on the amount
of data you expect to store. However, you may need to increase the virtual disk
capacity for a standard virtual disk by adding free capacity to the disk group.
This creates more unused space for new virtual disks or to expand existing
virtual disks.
Disk Group Expansion
Because the storage array supports hot pluggable physical disks, you can add
two physical disks at a time for each disk group while the storage array
remains online. Data remains accessible on virtual disk groups, virtual disks,
and physical disks throughout the operation. The data and increased unused
free space are dynamically redistributed across the disk group. RAID
characteristics are also reapplied to the disk group as a whole.
Disk Group Defragmentation
Defragmenting consolidates the free capacity in the disk group into one
contiguous area. Defragmentation does not change the way in which the data
is stored on the virtual disks.
Disk Group Operations Limit
The maximum number of active, concurrent disk group processes per
installed RAID controller module is one. This limit is applied to the following
disk group processes:
•
Virtual disk RAID level migration
•
Segment size migration
•
Virtual disk capacity expansion
•
Disk group expansion
•
Disk group defragmentation
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If a redundant RAID controller module fails with an existing disk group process,
the process on the failed controller is transferred to the peer controller. A
transferred process is placed in a suspended state if there is an active disk group
process on the peer controller. The suspended processes are resumed when the
active process on the peer controller completes or is stopped.
NOTE: If you try to start a disk group process on a controller that does not have an
existing active process, the start attempt fails if the first virtual disk in the disk group
is owned by the other controller and there is an active process on the other
controller.
RAID Background Operations Priority
The storage array supports a common configurable priority for the following
RAID operations:
•
Background initialization
•
Rebuild
•
Copy back
•
Virtual disk capacity expansion
•
Raid level migration
•
Segment size migration
•
Disk group expansion
•
Disk group defragmentation
The priority of each of these operations can be changed to address
performance requirements of the environment in which the operations are to
be executed.
NOTE: Setting a high priority level impacts storage array performance. It is not
advisable to set priority levels at the maximum level. Priority must also be assessed
in terms of impact to host server access and time to complete an operation. For
example, the longer a rebuild of a degraded virtual disk takes, the greater the risk
for secondary disk failure.
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Virtual Disk Migration and Disk Roaming
Virtual disk migration is moving a virtual disk or a hot spare from one array to
another by detaching the physical disks and re-attaching them to the new
array. Disk roaming is moving a physical disk from one slot to another on the
same array.
Disk Migration
You can move virtual disks from one array to another without taking the
target array offline. However, the disk group being migrated must be offline
before your perform disk migration. If the disk group is not offline prior to
migration, the source array holding the physical and virtual disks within the
disk group marks them as missing. However, the disk groups themselves
migrate to the target array.
An array can import a virtual disk only if it is in an optimal state. You can
move virtual disks that are part of a disk group only if all members of the disk
group are being migrated. The virtual disks automatically become available
after the target array has finished importing all the disks in the disk group.
When you migrate a physical disk or a disk group from one MD3600f array to
another, the MD3600f array you migrate to, recognizes any data structures
and/or metadata you had in place on the migrating MD3600f array. However,
if you are migrating from any device other than a MD3600f Series storage
array, the MD3600f array does not recognize the migrating metadata and that
data is lost. In this case, the MD3600f array initializes the physical disks and
marks them as unconfigured capacity.
NOTE: Only disk groups and associated virtual disks with all member physical disks
present can be migrated from one storage array to another. it is recommended that
you only migrate disk groups that have all their associated member virtual disks in
an optimal state.
NOTE: The number of physical disks and virtual disks that a storage array supports
limits the scope of the migration.
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Use either of the following methods to move disk groups and virtual disks:
•
Hot virtual disk migration—Disk migration with the destination storage
array power turned on.
•
Cold virtual disk migration—Disk migration with the destination storage
array power turned off.
NOTE: To ensure that the migrating disk groups and virtual disks are correctly
recognized when the target storage array has an existing physical disk, use hot
virtual disk migration.
When attempting virtual disk migration, follow these recommendations:
•
Moving physical disks to the destination array for migration—When
inserting drives into the destination storage array during hot virtual disk
migration, wait for the inserted physical disk to be displayed in MDSM
before inserting the next physical disk.
WARNING: Without the delay between drive insertions, the storage array can
become unstable and manageability is temporarily lost.
•
Migrating virtual disks from multiple storage arrays into a single storage
array—When migrating virtual disks from multiple or different storage
arrays into a single destination storage array, move all of the physical disks
from the same storage array as a set into the new destination storage array.
Ensure that all of the physical disks from a storage array are migrated to
the destination storage array before starting migration from the next
storage array.
NOTE: If the drive modules are not moved as a set to the destination storage
array, the newly relocated disk groups may not be accessible.
•
Migrating virtual disks to a storage array with no existing physical disks—
Turn off the destination storage array, when migrating disk groups or a
complete set of physical disks from a storage array to another storage array
that has no existing physical disks. After the destination storage array is
turned on and has successfully recognized the newly migrated physical
disks, migration operations can continue.
NOTE: Disk groups from multiple storage arrays must not be migrated at the
same time to a storage array that has no existing physical disks.
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•
Enabling premium features before migration—Before migrating disk
groups and virtual disks, enable the required premium features on the
destination storage array. If a disk group is migrated from a MD3600f
storage array that has a premium feature enabled and the destination array
does not have this feature enabled, an Out of Compliance error message
may be generated.
Disk Roaming
You can move physical disks within an array. The RAID controller module
automatically recognizes the relocated physical disks and logically places
them in the proper virtual disks that are part of the disk group. Disk roaming
is permitted when the RAID controller module is either online or
powered off.
NOTE: The disk group must be exported before moving the physical disks.
Advanced Features
The RAID enclosure supports several advanced features:
•
Virtual Disk Snapshots
•
Virtual Disk Copy
•
High Performance Tier
•
Remote Replication (this premium feature is supported only in storage
arrays with the Fibre Channel [FC] host ports)
NOTE: Virtual Disk Snapshot, Virtual Disk Copy, High Performance Tier, and Remote
Replication are premium features that must be activated separately. If you have
purchased these features, an activation card is supplied that contains instructions
for enabling this functionality.
Host Server–to–Virtual Disk Mapping
The host server attached to a storage array accesses various virtual disks on the
storage array through its host ports. Specific virtual disk-to-LUN mappings to
an individual host server can be defined. In addition, the host server can be part
of a host group that shares access to one or more virtual disks.
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You can manually configure a host server-to-virtual disk mapping. When you
configure host server-to-virtual disk mapping, consider these guidelines:
• You can define one host server-to-virtual disk mapping for each virtual disk
in the storage array.
• Host server-to-virtual disk mappings are shared between RAID controller
modules in the storage array.
• A unique LUN must be used by a host group or host server to access a
virtual disk.
• Not every operating system has the same number of LUNs available for use.
Host Types
A host server is a server that accesses a storage array. Host servers are mapped
to the virtual disks. Host servers have the following attributes:
•
Host name—A name that uniquely identifies the host server.
•
Host group (used in Cluster solutions only)—Two or more host servers
associated together to share access to the same virtual disks.
This host group is a logical entity you can create in MDSM. All host servers
in a host group must be running the same operating system.
•
Host type—The operating system running on the host server.
Snapshot Virtual Disks
A snapshot is a point-in-time image of a virtual disk. The snapshot provides
an image of the virtual disk at the time the snapshot was created. You create a
snapshot so that an application (for example, a backup application) can
access the snapshot and read the data while the source virtual disk remains
online and user-accessible. When the backup is completed, the snapshot
virtual disk is no longer needed. You can create up to four snapshots per
virtual disk.
Snapshots are used to recover previous versions of files that have changed
since the snapshot was taken. Snapshots are implemented using a copy-onwrite algorithm, which makes a backup copy of data the instant an error
occurs. Data on a virtual disk is copied to the snapshot repository before it is
modified. Snapshots can be created instantaneously or can be scheduled and
take up less overhead than a full physical copy process.
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Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk
When you create a snapshot virtual disk, it automatically creates a snapshot
repository virtual disk. A snapshot repository is a virtual disk created in the
storage array as a resource for a snapshot virtual disk. A snapshot repository
virtual disk contains snapshot virtual disk metadata and copy-on-write data for
a particular snapshot virtual disk. The repository supports one snapshot only.
You cannot select a snapshot repository virtual disk as a source virtual disk or
as a target virtual disk in a virtual disk copy. If you select a snapshot source
virtual disk as the target virtual disk of a virtual disk copy, you must disable all
snapshot virtual disks associated with the source virtual disk.
CAUTION: Before using the Snapshot Virtual Disks Premium Feature in a
Windows Clustered configuration, you must map the snapshot virtual disk to the
cluster node that owns the source virtual disk. This ensures that the cluster nodes
correctly recognize the snapshot virtual disk.
CAUTION: Mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the node that does not own the
source virtual disk before the snapshot enabling process is completed can result
in the operating system incorrectly identifying the snapshot virtual disk. This can
result in data loss or an inaccessible snapshot.
For more information on mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the secondary
node, see the Dell PowerVault MD3600f and MD3620f Storage Arrays With
Microsoft Windows Server Failover Clusters on dell.com/support/manuals.
Virtual Disk Copy
Virtual disk copy is a premium feature to:
•
Back up data
•
Copy data from disk groups that use smaller-capacity physical disks to disk
groups using greater capacity physical disks
•
Restore snapshot virtual disk data to the source virtual disk
Virtual disk copy generates a full copy of data from the source virtual disk to
the target virtual disk in a storage array and can be performed either online or
offline.
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Source Virtual Disk
When you create a virtual disk copy, a copy pair consisting of a source virtual
disk and a target virtual disk is created on the same storage array. When a
virtual disk copy is started, data from the source virtual disk is copied
completely to the target virtual disk.
Target Virtual Disk
When you start a virtual disk copy, the target virtual disk maintains a copy of
the data from the source virtual disk. You can choose whether to use an
existing virtual disk or create a new virtual disk as the target virtual disk. If
you choose an existing virtual disk as the target, all data on the target is
overwritten. A target virtual disk can be a standard virtual disk or the source
virtual disk of a failed or disabled snapshot virtual disk.
NOTE: The target virtual disk capacity must be equal to or greater than the source
virtual disk capacity.
When you begin the disk copy process, you must define the rate at which the
copy is completed. Giving the copy process top priority slightly impacts I/O
performance, while giving it lowest priority makes the copy process longer to
complete. You can modify the copy priority while the disk copy is in progress.
For more information, see the online help topics.
Virtual Disk Recovery
You can use the Edit host server-to-virtual disk mappings feature to recover
data from the backup virtual disk. This functionality enables you to unmap
the original source virtual disk from its host server, then map the backup
virtual disk to the same host server.
Ensure that you record the LUN used to provide access to the source virtual
disk. You need this information when you define a host server-to-virtual disk
mapping for the target (backup) virtual disk. Also, be sure to stop all I/O activity
to the source virtual disk before beginning the virtual disk recovery procedure.
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Using Snapshot and Disk Copy Together
You can use the Snapshot Virtual Disk and Virtual Disk Copy premium
features together to back up data on the same storage array, or to restore the
data on the snapshot virtual disk to its original source virtual disk.
You can copy data from a virtual disk by:
•
Taking a point-in-time snapshot of the data (online)
•
Copying the data to another virtual disk using a virtual disk copy (offline)
You can select a snapshot virtual disk as the source virtual disk for a virtual
disk copy. This configuration is one of the best ways you can apply the
snapshot virtual disk feature, since it enables complete backups without any
impact on the storage array I/O.
You cannot use a snapshot repository virtual disk as a source virtual disk or as
a target virtual disk in a virtual disk copy. If you select the source virtual disk
as the target virtual disk of a virtual disk copy, you must disable all snapshot
virtual disks associated with the source virtual disk.
Multi-Path Software
Multi-path software (also referred to as the failover driver) is a software
resident on the host server that provides management of the redundant data
path between the host server and the storage array.
The multi-path software identifies the existence of multiple paths to a virtual
disk and establishes a preferred path to that disk. If any component in the
preferred path fails, the multi-path software automatically re-routes I/O
requests to the alternate path so that the storage array continues to operate
without interruption.
NOTE: Multi-path software is available on the MD3600f Series resource media.
Preferred and Alternate Controllers and Paths
A preferred controller is a RAID controller module designated as the owner of
a virtual disk or disk group. The preferred controller is automatically selected
by MDSM when a virtual disk is created. You can change the preferred RAID
controller module owner of a virtual disk after it is created. If a host is only
connected to only one RAID controller module, the preferred owner must
manually be assigned to the RAID controller module the host can access.
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Ownership of a virtual disk is moved from the preferred controller to the
secondary controller (also called the alternate controller) when the preferred
controller is:
•
Physically removed
•
Updating firmware
•
Involved in an event that caused failover to the alternate controller
Paths used by the preferred RAID controller module to access either the disks
or the host server are called the preferred paths; redundant paths are called
the alternate paths. If a failure causes the preferred path to become
inaccessible, the storage array automatically uses the alternate path to access
data. When this occurs, the enclosure status LED blinks amber.
Virtual Disk Ownership
MDSM can be used to automatically build and view virtual disks. It uses
optimal settings to stripe the disk group. Virtual disks are assigned to
alternating RAID controller modules when they are created. This default
assignation provides a simple means for load balancing the workload of the
RAID controller modules.
Ownership can later be modified to balance workload according to actual
usage. If virtual disk ownership is not manually balanced, it is possible for one
controller to have the majority of the work, while the other controller is idle.
Limit the number of virtual disks in a disk group. If multiple virtual disks are
in a disk group, consider:
•
The impact each virtual disk has on other virtual disks in the same
disk group.
•
The patterns of usage for each virtual disk.
•
Different virtual disks have higher usage at different times of day.
Load Balancing
A load balance policy is used to determine which path is used to process I/O.
Multiple options for setting the load balance policies lets you optimize I/O
performance when mixed host interfaces are configured.
You can choose one of these load balance policies to optimize
I/O performance:
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•
Round robin with subset—The round robin with subset I/O load balance
policy routes I/O requests, in rotation, to each available data path to the
RAID controller module that owns the virtual disks. This policy treats all
paths to the RAID controller module that owns the virtual disk equally for
I/O activity. Paths to the secondary RAID controller module are ignored
until ownership changes. The basic assumption for the round-robin policy
is that the data paths are equal. With mixed host support, the data paths
may have different bandwidths or different data transfer speeds.
•
Least queue depth with subset—The least queue depth with subset policy
is also known as the least I/Os or least requests policy. This policy routes
the next I/O request to a data path that has the least outstanding I/O
requests queued. For this policy, an I/O request is simply a command in
the queue. The type of command or the number of blocks that are
associated with the command are not considered. The least queue depth
with subset policy treats large block requests and small block requests
equally. The data path selected is one of the paths in the path group of the
RAID controller module that owns the virtual disk.
•
Least path weight with subset (Windows operating systems only)—The
least queue depth with subset policy is also known as the least I/Os or least
requests policy. This policy routes the next I/O request to a data path that
has the least outstanding I/O requests queued. For this policy, an I/O
request is simply a command in the queue. The type of command or the
number of blocks that are associated with the command are not
considered. The least queue depth with subset policy treats large block
requests and small block requests equally. The data path selected is one of
the paths in the path group of the RAID controller module that owns the
virtual disk.
Monitoring MD3600f Series System Performance
You can use the Performance Monitor to select virtual disks and RAID
controller modules to monitor or to change the polling interval. Keep these
guidelines in mind when using the Performance Monitor:
•
The Performance Monitor does not dynamically update its display if any
configuration changes occur while the window is open. You must close the
Performance Monitor window and reopen it for the changes to be
displayed.
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•
Using the Performance Monitor to retrieve performance data can affect
the normal storage array performance depending on the polling interval
that you set.
•
If the storage array you are monitoring begins in or transitions to an
unresponsive state, an informational dialog is displayed. The dialog
informs you that the Performance Monitor cannot poll the storage array
for performance data.
To monitor the performance of the arrays:
1 Open MDSM and select the appropriate storage array.
2 Open the Array Management Window (AMW) for the selected
storage array.
3 In the AMW, select Storage Array Monitor Performance.
4 Click Settings.
a
Select the components that you want to monitor. You can monitor:
•
RAID controller modules
•
Virtual disks
•
Storage array totals
NOTE: By default, all items are selected.
b
In Polling interval, select how often you want to update the
performance statistics.
NOTE: For an accurate elapsed time, do not use the Set RAID Controller
Module Clocks option while using the Performance Monitor.
Each time the polling interval elapses, the Performance Monitor queries
the storage array again and updates the statistics in the table.
5 Click Start.
Values are displayed for the selected storage arrays in the Performance
Monitor data table. The table is updated at the interval specified in the
Polling Interval setting.
6 Click Update to force an immediate poll of the storage array.
7 Click Stop to stop monitoring the storage array.
8 Click Save As on the Performance Monitor main dialog to save the
currently displayed performance statistics.
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9 Select an appropriate directory.
10 Type a file name in the File name text box.
NOTE: The .perf extension is the default.
11 Select a file type from the Files of type list.
•
Use the Report format (ASCII text) file type to save the data to a
report form for viewing or printing.
•
Use the Comma Delimited Format file type to save the data in a form
that can be imported into a commercial spreadsheet application for
further analysis. Most leading commercial spreadsheet applications
recognize a comma delimiter. These applications use the delimiter to
import the data into spreadsheet cells.
12 Click Save.
The Performance Monitor data provides information about how your storage
array is performing. The data is presented in eight columns, which are
described in this table. Use this data to make performance tuning decisions
for your storage array.
Table 4-3. Performance Monitor Table Description
Column Headings
Description
Devices
Controller, virtual disk or storage array total.
Total IOs
Cumulative I/O’s per second from last start time.
Read Percentage
Percentage of cumulative I/O’s that are reads.
Cache Hit Percentage
Percentage of cumulative I/O’s that are in-cache.
Current KB/second
Snapshot of throughput value per second (1KB =
1024 bytes).
Maximum KB/second
Maximum recorded throughput value from last start time.
Current IO/second
Snapshot of I/O’s per second (IOP = Input/output per
second or one completed I/O transaction).
Maximum IO/second
Maximum recorded IOP from last start time.
For more information, see the MD PowerVault Support Matrix at
dell.com/support/manuals.
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Configuration: Overview
5
Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager (MDSM) online help
contains information on how to use the MDSM application to perform the
configuration and management tasks described in this document. You can
access online help by selecting Help located at the top right corner of MDSM
interface. For information on installing the MDSM, see the MD3600f and
MD3620f Storage Array’s Deployment Guide at dell.com/support/manuals.
NOTE: MDSM supports the MD3000 series, MD3200 series, and MD3600 series
storage arrays and can automatically detect all of these storage arrays.
User Interface
The Storage Manager screen is divided into two primary windows:
•
Enterprise Management Window (EMW)—The EMW provides highlevel management of the storage arrays. You can launch the Array
Management Window from the EMW.
•
Array Management Window (AMW)—The AMW provides management
functions for a single storage array. You can launch more than one AMW at
the same time to manage different storage arrays.
The EMW and the AMW consist of the following:
•
The title bar at the top of the window shows the name of the application.
•
Beneath the title bar, is the menu bar. You can select menu options from
the menu bar to perform tasks on a storage array.
•
Beneath the menu bar, is the toolbar. You can select options in the toolbar
to perform tasks on a storage array.
•
Beneath the toolbar, are the tabs. Tabs are used to group the tasks that you
can perform on a storage array.
•
Beneath the tabs, is the status bar. The status bar shows status messages
and status icons related to the storage array.
NOTE: By default, the toolbar and status bar is not displayed. To view the toolbar or
the status bar, select View Toolbar or View Status Bar, respectively.
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Enterprise Management Window
The EMW provides high-level management of storage arrays. When you start
MDSM, the EMW is displayed. The EMW has these tabs:
•
Devices tab—Provides information about the storage arrays.
•
Setup tab—Presents the initial setup tasks that guide you through adding
storage arrays and configuring alerts.
The Devices tab has a Tree view on the left side of the window that shows
discovered storage arrays, unidentified storage arrays, and the status
conditions for the storage arrays. Discovered storage arrays are managed by
MDSM. Unidentified storage arrays are available to MDSM but not
configured for management. The right side of the Devices tab has a Table
view that shows detailed information for each storage array.
In the EMW, you can:
66
•
Discover hosts and managed storage arrays on the local sub-network.
•
Manually add and remove hosts and storage arrays.
•
Locate the storage arrays.
•
Name or rename discovered storage arrays.
•
Add storage array comments to the Table view.
•
Sort rows in the Table view according to different criteria.
•
Store your EMW view preferences and configuration data in local
configuration files. The next time you open the EMW, data from the local
configuration files is used to show customized view and preferences.
•
Monitor the status of managed storage arrays and indicate status using
appropriate icons.
•
Add or remove management connections.
•
Configure alert notifications for all selected storage arrays through e-mail
or SNMP traps.
•
Report critical events to the configured alert destinations.
•
Launch the AMW for a selected storage array.
•
Run a script to perform batch management tasks on specific storage arrays.
•
Import the operating system theme settings into the MDSM.
•
Upgrade firmware on multiple storage arrays concurrently.
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Inheriting the System Settings
Use the Inherit System Settings option to import the operating system theme
settings into the MDSM. Importing system theme settings affects features
like font type, font size, color, and contrast in the MDSM.
1 Open the Inherit System Settings window in one of these ways:
•
Select ToolsInherit System Settings.
•
Select the Setup tab and click Inherit System Settings.
2 Select Inherit system settings for color and font.
3 Click OK.
Array Management Window
You can launch the AMW from the EMW. The AMW provides management
functions for a single storage array. You can have multiple AMWs open
simultaneously to manage different storage arrays.
To launch the AMW:
1 In the EMW, on the Devices tab, double click on the relevant storage array.
The context menu for the selected storage is displayed.
2 In the context menu, select Manage Storage Array.
The AMW for the selected storage is displayed.
The AMW has the following tabs:
•
•
Summary tab—You can view the following information about the
storage array:
–
Status
–
Hardware components
–
Capacity
–
Hosts and Mappings
–
Storage partitions
–
Disk groups and virtual disks
Logical tab—You can view the organization of the storage array by virtual
disks, disk groups, free capacity nodes, and any unconfigured capacity for
the storage array.
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•
Physical tab—You can view the organization of the storage array by RAID
controller modules, physical disks, and other hardware components.
•
Mappings tab—You can define the hosts, host groups, and host ports. You
can change the mappings to grant virtual disk access to host groups and
hosts and create storage partitions.
•
Setup tab—You can complete the initial setup tasks to configure the
storage array.
•
Support—You can complete common support tasks like downloading
RAID controller module firmware, viewing the online help, and so on.
In the AMW, you can:
68
•
Provide storage array options, for example, renaming a storage array,
changing a password, or enabling a background media scan.
•
Provide the ability to configure virtual disks from the storage array
capacity, define hosts and host groups, and grant host or host group access
to sets of virtual disks called storage partitions.
•
Monitor the health of storage array components and report detailed status
using applicable icons.
•
Provide applicable recovery procedures for a failed logical component or a
failed hardware component.
•
Present a view of the Event Log for the storage array.
•
Present profile information about hardware components, such as RAID
controller modules and physical disks.
•
Provide RAID controller module management options, such as changing
ownership of virtual disks or placing a RAID controller module online
or offline.
•
Provide physical disk management options, such as assignment of hot
spares and locating the physical disk.
•
Monitor storage array performance.
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6
Configuration: About Your Storage
Array
You can manage a storage array in two ways:
•
Out-of-band management
•
In-band management
Out-of-Band Management
Using the out-of-band management method, data is separated from commands
and events. Data travels through the host-to-controller interface, while
commands and events travel through the management port Ethernet cables.
This management method lets you configure the maximum number of
virtual disks that are supported by your operating system and host adapters. A
maximum of eight storage management stations can concurrently monitor an
out-of-band managed storage array. This limit does not apply to systems that
manage the storage array through the in-band management method.
When you use out-of-band management, you must set the network
configuration for each RAID controller module’s management Ethernet port.
This includes the Internet Protocol (IP) address, subnetwork mask (subnet
mask), and gateway. If you are using a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) server, you can enable automatic network configuration, but if you are
not using a DHCP server, you must enter the network configuration manually.
NOTE: RAID controller module network configurations can be assigned using a
DHCP server (the default setting). However, if a DHCP server is not available for 150
seconds, the RAID controller modules assign static IP addresses. The addresses
assigned are 192.168.128.101 for controller 0 and 192.168.128.102 for controller 1.
In-Band Management
Using in-band management, commands, events, and data travel through the
host-to-controller interface. Unlike out-of-band management, commands and
events are mixed with data.
NOTE: For detailed information on setting up in-band and out-of-band management
see the Deployment Guide.
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When you add storage arrays by using this management method, you need to
specify only the host name or IP address of the host. After you add the
specific host name or IP address, the host-agent software automatically
detects any storage arrays that are connected to that host.
CAUTION: Some operating systems can be used only as storage management
stations. For more information about the operating system that you are using, see
the MD PowerVault Support Matrix at dell.com/support/manuals.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Access Virtual Disk
Each RAID controller module in an MD3600f Series storage array maintains a
special virtual disk, called the access virtual disk. The host-agent software uses
the access virtual disk to communicate management requests and event
information between the storage management station and the RAID
controller module in an in-band–managed storage array. The access virtual
disk is not available for application data storage. The default LUN is 31.
Storage Arrays
You must add the storage arrays to MDSM before you can setup the storage
array for optimal use.
Adding Storage Arrays
You can add storage arrays only in the EMW. You can:
•
Automatically discover storage arrays
•
Manually add storage arrays
NOTE: Verify that your host or management station network configuration—
including station IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway—is correct before
adding a new storage array using the Automatic option.
NOTE: For Linux, set the default gateway so that broadcast packets are sent to
255.255.255.0. For Red Hat Enterprise Linux, if no gateway exists on the network, set
the default gateway to the IP address of the NIC.
NOTE: MDSM uses TCP/UDP port 2463 for communication to the MD Storage Array.
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Automatic Discovery of Storage Arrays
The Automatic Discovery process sends out a broadcast message across the
local subnetwork (subnet) and adds any storage array that responds to the
message. The Automatic Discovery process finds both in-band and out-ofband storage arrays.
NOTE: The Automatic Discovery option and the Re-scan Hosts option in the
Enterprise Management Window provide automatic methods to discover managed
storage arrays.
Manual Addition of a Storage Array
Use Manual Addition if the storage array resides outside of the local subnet.
This process requires specific identification information to manually add a
storage array.
To add a storage array that uses out-of-band management, specify the host
name or management port IP address of each controller in the storage array.
Before using this option, verify that the applicable network configuration
tasks are performed.
To add an in-band storage array, add the host through which the storage array
is attached to the network.
NOTE: It can take several minutes for MDSM to connect to the specified
storage array.
To add a storage array manually:
1 Select EditAdd Storage Array.
2 Select the relevant management method:
•
Out-of-band management—Enter a host name or an IP address for
the RAID controller Modules in the storage array.
•
In-band management—Enter a name or an IP address for the Host
through which the storage array is attached to the network.
NOTE: The host agent must be restarted before in-band management
communication can be established. See "Starting or Restarting the Host
Context Agent Software" on page 293.
3 Click Add.
4 Use one of these methods to name a storage array:
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•
In the EMW, select the Setup tab, and select Name/Rename
Storage Arrays.
•
In the AMW, select the Setup tab, and select Rename Storage Array.
•
In the EMW, right-click the icon corresponding to the array and
select Rename.
Setting Up Your Storage Array
A list of initial setup tasks is displayed on the Setup tab in the AMW. The list
of initial setup tasks shows you how to set up a storage array. Using the steps
outlined in the Initial Setup Tasks area, ensures that the basic setup steps are
completed properly.
Use the Initial Setup Tasks list the first time that you set up a storage array to
perform these tasks:
•
Locate the storage array—Find the physical location of the storage array on
your network by turning on the unit identify LEDs. The storage array can
be identified with a label.
•
Give a new name to the storage array—Use a unique name that identifies
each storage array.
•
Set a storage array password—Configure the storage array with a password
to protect it from unauthorized access. MDSM prompts for the password
when you attempt to change the storage array configuration. For example,
when a virtual disk is created or deleted.
•
Configure the storage array—Create disk groups, virtual disks, and hot
spare physical disks by using the Automatic configuration method or the
Manual configuration method. For more information, see the PowerVault
Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
•
Map Virtual Disks—Map virtual disks to hosts or host groups.
•
Save Configuration—Save the configuration parameters in a file that you
can use to restore the configuration, or reuse the configuration on another
storage array. For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk
Storage Manager online help topics.
After you complete the basic steps for configuring the storage array, you can
perform these optional tasks:
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•
Manually define hosts—Define the hosts and the host port identifiers that
are connected to the storage array. Use this option only if the host is not
automatically recognized and shown in the Mappings tab.
•
Configure ethernet management ports—Configure the network
parameters for the Ethernet management ports on the RAID controller
modules if you are managing the storage array by using the out-of-band
management connections.
•
View and enable premium features—Your MDSM may include premium
features. View the premium features that are available and the premium
features that are already started. You can start available premium features
that are currently stopped.
Locating Storage Arrays
You can use the Blink option to physically locate and identify a storage array.
To locate the storage array:
1 Select the relevant storage array and:
•
In the EMW, right-click the appropriate storage array, and select Blink
Storage Array.
•
In the AMW, select the Setup tab, click Blink Storage Array.
•
In the AMW, select Storage ArrayBlinkStorage Array.
The LEDs blink on the physical disks in the storage array.
2 After locating the storage array, click OK.
The LEDs stop blinking.
3 If the LEDs do not stop blinking, select Storage ArrayBlink
Stop All Indications.
A confirmation message is displayed.
4 Click OK.
Naming or Renaming Storage Arrays
Each storage array must be assigned a unique up to 30-character
alphanumeric name. A name can consist of letters, numbers, and the special
characters underscore (_), dash (–), and pound sign (#). No other special
characters are allowed.
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To rename a selected storage array:
1 Perform one of these actions:
•
In the AMW Setup tab, select Rename Storage Array.
•
In the EMW Devices tab Tree view, select EditRename.
•
In the EMW Devices tab Table view, select EditRename.
•
In the EMW Devices tab Tree view, right-click on the desired array
icon and select Rename.
The Name/Rename Storage Arrays dialog is displayed.
2 Select the relevant storage array from the Select storage array table.
If you do not know the name or physical location of the storage array, click
Blink. After locating the storage array, click OK to turn off the LEDs.
The name of the storage array is displayed in the Storage array name.
3 In Storage array name, type the new name of the storage array. If
applicable, add a comment for the storage array in Additional comment.
4 Click Apply.
A message is displayed warning you about the implications of changing the
storage array name.
5 Click Yes.
The new storage array name is displayed in the Select storage array table.
6 Repeat step 2 through step 4 to name or rename additional storage arrays.
NOTE: Avoid arbitrary names or names that may lose meaning in the future.
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Setting a Password
You can configure each storage array with a password to protect it from
unauthorized access. MDSM prompts for the password when an attempt is
made to change the storage array configuration, such as, when a virtual disk is
created or deleted. View operations do not change the storage array
configuration and do not require a password. You can create a new password
or change an existing password.
NOTE: It is recommended that you use a long password with at least 15
alphanumeric characters to increase security.
To set a new password or change an existing password:
1 Select the relevant storage array and navigate to the AMW for that storage
array. See "Array Management Window" on page 67.
The AMW for the selected storage array is displayed.
2 In the AMW, perform one of these actions:
•
Select the storage array in the Logical pane, and then select Storage
ArraySet Password.
•
Select the Setup tab, and then click Set a Storage Array Password.
•
Select the Logical tab, right-click and select Set Password.
The Set Password dialog is displayed.
3 If you are resetting the password, type the Current password.
NOTE: If you are setting the password for the first time, leave the Current
password blank.
4 Type the New password.
5 Re-type the new password in Confirm new password.
NOTE: The password in Confirm new password and New password must be
exactly the same.
6 Click OK.
NOTE: You are not prompted for a password when you attempt to change the
storage array configuration in the current management session.
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Password Guidelines
Follow these guidelines when you create a password:
•
Use secure passwords for your storage array. A password must be easy for
you to remember but difficult for others to determine. Consider using
numbers or special characters in the place of letters, such as a 1 in the
place of the letter I, or the at sign (@) in the place of the letter a.
•
For increased protection, use a long password with at least 15
alphanumeric characters. The maximum password length is 30 characters.
•
Passwords are case sensitive.
NOTE: You can attempt to enter a password up to ten times before the storage
array enters a lockout state. Before you can try to enter a password again, you must
wait 10 minutes for the storage array to reset. To reset the password, press the
password reset switch on your RAID controller module, see Figure 3-1.
Viewing Storage Array Connections
You can use the View Connections option to view the expansion enclosures
connected to the RAID controller module.
To view the storage array connections:
1 From the toolbar in AMW, select Storage ArrayViewConnections.
The <Storage Array>:Connections dialog is displayed.
2 Click the column name to sort the connections according to your preference.
3 Click Close.
If you receive an error message for a port, you can use this dialog to identify
the components on the port that may have caused the error. By isolating these
components, you prevent accidentally disconnecting components that are
still in operation, which could cause an interruption in data flow.
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Adding/Editing a Comment to an Existing Storage Array
A descriptive comment, with an applicable storage array name, is a helpful
identification tool. You can add or edit a comment for a storage array in the
EMW only.
To add or edit a comment:
1 In the EMW, select the Devices tab and select the relevant managed
storage array.
2 Select EditComment.
The Edit Comment dialog is displayed.
3 Type a 60-character comment.
4 Click OK.
This option updates the comment in the table view and saves it in your local
storage management station file system. The comment is not displayed to
administrators who are using other storage management stations.
Removing Storage Arrays
You can remove a storage array from the list of managed arrays if you no
longer want to manage it from a specific storage management station.
Removing a storage array does not affect the storage array or its data in any
way. Removing a storage array simply removes it from the list of storage arrays
that are displayed in the drop-down list in the Array Selector. If a storage array
is accidentally removed, it can be added again. See "Adding Storage Arrays"
on page 70.
You can remove the storage array only from the EMW.
To remove the storage array:
1 In the EMW, select the Devices tab and select the relevant managed
storage array.
2 Select EditRemoveStorage Array.
A message prompts you for a confirmation for the removal of the selected
storage array.
3 To remove the storage array, click Yes.
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Enabling Premium Features
You can enable premium features on the storage array. To enable the premium
features, you must obtain a feature key file specific to the premium feature
that you want to enable from your storage supplier.
To enable premium features:
1 From the toolbar in AMW, select Storage ArrayPremium Features.
The Premium Features and Feature Pack Information window is
displayed.
2 Select the relevant premium feature, and click Enable.
The Select Feature Key File dialog is displayed.
3 Navigate to the relevant folder, select the appropriate key file, and click OK.
4 Click Close.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Failover Alert Display
You can change the failover alert delay for a storage array. The failover alert
delay lets you delay the logging of a critical event if the multi-path driver
transfers virtual disks to the non-preferred controller. If the multi-path driver
transfers the virtual disks back to the preferred controller within the specified
delay period, a critical event is not logged. If the transfer exceeds this delay
period, then a virtual disk-not-on-preferred-path alert is issued as a critical
event. You can also use this option to minimize multiple alerts when more than
one virtual disk fails over because of a system error, such as a failed host adapter.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
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Changing the Cache Settings on the Storage Array
1 In the AMW, select Storage ArrayChangeCache Settings.
The Change Cache Settings window is displayed.
2 Select or enter the percentage of unwritten data in the cache to trigger a
cache flush in Start flushing.
3 Select or enter the percentage of unwritten data in the cache to stop a
cache flush in progress in Stop flushing.
4 Select the appropriate Cache block size.
A smaller cache size is a good choice for file-system use or databaseapplication use. A larger cache size is a good choice for applications that
generate sequential I/O, such as multimedia.
5 In the Enter Password dialog, type the current password for the storage
array, and click OK.
Changing Expansion Enclosure ID Number
When an MD1200 series expansion enclosure is connected to an MD3600f
series storage array for the first time, an enclosure ID number is assigned and
maintained by the expansion enclosure. This enclosure ID number is also
displayed in the MDSM.
To change the enclosure ID numbers:
1 In the AMW, select the storage array, and select Storage Array
ChangeEnclosure ID.
2 Select a new enclosure ID number from the Change Enclosure ID list.
The enclosure ID must be between 0 and 99 (inclusive).
3 To save the changed enclosure ID, click Change.
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Changing the Enclosure Order in the Physical Pane
You can change the order of the RAID controller modules and the expansion
enclosures in the Physical pane to match the hardware configuration in your
storage array. The Physical pane that initially is displayed is a default view
that may not match your storage array. The enclosure order change remains in
effect until it is modified again.
To change the enclosure order in the Physical pane:
1 In the AMW, select Storage ArrayChangeEnclosure Order.
2 From the Enclosures list, select the enclosure you want to move and click
either Up or Down to move the enclosure to the new position.
3 Click OK.
If you have set a password for the selected storage array, the Enter
Password dialog is displayed.
4 Type the current password for the storage array.
5 Click OK.
Configuring Alert Notifications
MDSM can send an alert for any condition on the storage array that requires
your attention. Alerts can be sent as e-mail messages or as Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) trap messages.
You can configure alert notifications either for all the storage arrays or a single
storage array.
To configure alert notifications for all storage arrays:
1 In the EMW, select the Setup tab.
2 Select Configure Alerts.
The Configure Alerts dialog is displayed.
3 Select All storage arrays.
4 Click OK.
The Configure Alerts dialog is displayed. To configure e-mail alerts, see
"Configuring E–mail Alerts" on page 81. To configure SNMP alerts, see
"Configuring SNMP Alerts" on page 83.
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To configure alert notifications for a single storage array:
1 In the EMW, select the Devices tab.
2 Select the relevant storage array, then select EditConfigureAlerts.
The Configure Alerts dialog is displayed. To configure e-mail alerts, see
"Configuring E–mail Alerts" on page 81. To configure SNMP alerts, see
"Configuring SNMP Alerts" on page 83.
Configuring E–mail Alerts
For more information on configuring alert notifications, see "Configuring
Alert Notifications" on page 80.
To configure e-mail alerts:
1 Open the Configure Alerts dialog by performing one of these actions:
•
In the Tree view or the Table view on the Devices tab in the EMW,
select a node, and then select EditConfigure Alerts. Go to step 3.
•
In the Setup tab in the EMW, select Configure Alerts. Go to step 2.
2 Select one of the following radio buttons to specify an alert level:
•
All storage arrays—Select this option to send an alert e-mail about
events on all storage arrays.
•
An individual storage array—Select this option to send an alert e-mail
about events that occur on only a specified storage array.
These results occur, depending on your selection:
•
If you select all storage arrays, the Configure Alerts dialog is displayed.
•
If you select an individual storage array, the Select Storage Array
dialog is displayed. Select the storage array for which you want to
receive e-mail alerts and click OK. The Configure Alerts dialog is
displayed.
•
If you do not know which storage array to select, click Blink to turn on
the LEDs of the storage array.
3 In the Configure Alerts dialog, select the Mail Server tab.
4 In Mail server, type the name of the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
(SMTP) mail server.
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The SMTP mail server is the name of the mail server that forwards the
alert e-mails to the configured e-mail addresses.
5 In E-mail sender address, type the valid sender e-mail address.
The e-mail address of the sender (the network administrator) is displayed
on each e-mail alert sent to the destination.
6 To include the contact information of the sender in the e-mail alert, select
Include contact information with the alerts, and type the contact
information.
NOTE: Including the contact information in the e-mail alert is optional.
7 Select the e-mail tab to configure the e-mail destinations.
•
Adding an e-mail address—In e-mail address, type the e-mail address,
and click Add.
•
Replacing an e-mail address—In the Configured E-mail addresses
area, select the e-mail address to be replaced, type the replacement email address in E-mail address, and click Replace.
•
Deleting an e-mail address—In the Configured E-mail addresses area,
select the e-mail address, and click Delete.
•
Validating an e-mail address—Type the e-mail address in E-mail
address or select the e-mail address in the Configured E-mail
addresses area, and click Test. A test e-mail is sent to the selected email address. A dialog with the results of the test and any error is
displayed.
8 For the selected e-mail address, in Information To Send, select:
82
•
Event Only—The alert e-mail contains only the event information.
This alert type is the default.
•
Event + Profile—The alert e-mail contains the event information and
the storage array profile.
•
Event + Support—The alert e-mail contains the event information
and a compressed file that contains complete support information for
the storage array that has generated the alert.
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9 For the selected e-mail address, in Frequency, select:
•
Every event—Sends an alert e-mail whenever an event occurs. This is
the default option.
•
Every x hours—Sends an alert e-mail after the specified time interval
if an event occurred during that time interval. You can select this
option only if you have selected either Event + Profile or Event +
Support in the Information To Send drop down list.
10 Click OK.
An alert icon is displayed next to each node in the Tree view where an alert is
set.
To ensure that the e-mail is sent successfully:
•
You must provide an SMTP mail server name and an e-mail sender address
for the e-mail addresses to work.
•
The e-mail addresses that you had previously configured are displayed in
the Configured e-mail addresses area.
•
You must use fully qualified e-mail addresses, for example,
name@mycompany.com.
•
You can configure multiple e-mail addresses before you click OK.
Configuring SNMP Alerts
To add a management console to the list of addresses configured to receive
SNMP alerts:
1 Open the Configure Alerts dialog by performing one of these actions:
•
In the Tree view or the Table view on the Devices tab in the EMW,
select a node, and select Edit Configure Alerts. Go to step 3.
•
In the Setup tab in the EMW, select Configure Alerts. Go to step 2.
2 Select one of the following radio buttons to specify an alert level:
•
All storage arrays—Select this option to send an alert notification
about events on all storage arrays.
•
An individual storage array—Select this option to send an alert
notification about events that occur in only a specified storage array.
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These results occur, depending on your selection:
•
If you select all storage arrays, the Configure Alerts dialog is displayed.
•
If you select an individual storage array, the Select Storage Array
dialog is displayed. Select the storage array for which you want to
receive alert notifications and click OK. The Configure Alerts dialog is
displayed.
NOTE: If you do not know which storage array to select, click Blink to turn on
the LEDs of the storage array.
3 Select the SNMP tab to configure the SNMP alert destinations.
•
Adding an SNMP address—In Community name, type the
community name. In Trap destination, type the trap destination, and
click Add.
NOTE: The community name is an American Standard Code for Information
Interchange (ASCII) string that identifies a known set of network management
stations and is set by the network administrator. The default community name
is the string “public”.The trap destination is the IP address or the host name of
a computer running an SNMP management application. An example of a
SNMP enabled management application is the Dell Management Console. For
more information on Dell Management Console, see dell.com.
•
Replacing an SNMP address—Select the SNMP address in the
Configured SNMP addresses area, type the replacement community
name in Community name and the trap destination in Trap
destination, and click Replace.
•
Deleting an SNMP address—Select the SNMP address in the
Configured SNMP addresses area, and click Delete.
•
Validating an SNMP address—Select the SNMP address in the
Configured SNMP addresses area, and click Test. A test message is
sent to the SNMP address. A message box with the results of the
validation and any error information is displayed.
4 Click OK.
An alert icon is displayed next to each node in the Tree view for which an
alert is set.
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Follow these guideline for SNMP alerts:
•
Any SNMP addresses that you had previously configured are displayed in
the Configured SNMP addresses area.
•
The SNMP Community Name is determined by the system administrator
and configured within the management application, such as the Dell
Management Console. More information about the Dell Management
Console is available at dell.com.
•
You can configure multiple SNMP addresses before you click OK.
Battery Settings
A smart battery backup unit (BBU) can perform a learn cycle. The smart BBU
module includes the battery, a battery gas gauge, and a battery charger. The
learn cycle calibrates the smart battery gas gauge so that it provides a
measurement of the charge of the battery module. A learn cycle can only start
when the battery is fully charged.
The learn cycle completes the following operations:
•
Discharges the battery to a predetermined threshold.
•
Charges the battery back to full capacity.
A learn cycle starts automatically when you install a new battery module.
Learn cycles for batteries in both RAID controller modules in a duplex system
occur simultaneously.
Learn cycles are scheduled to start automatically at regular intervals, at the
same time and on the same day of the week. The interval between cycles is
described in weeks.
Use the following guidelines to adjust the interval:
•
You can use the default interval.
•
You can run a learn cycle at any time.
•
You can set the learn cycle earlier than the currently scheduled time.
•
You cannot set the learn cycle to start more than seven days later than the
currently scheduled time.
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To change the battery settings perform these steps:
1 In the AMW, select Storage ArrayChangeBattery Settings.
The Battery Settings dialog is displayed.
2 In Battery location, select a battery.
3 Check these details about the battery:
•
Battery status
•
Battery age
•
Days until replacement
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Setting the Storage Array RAID Controller Module Clocks
You can use the Synchronize RAID Controller Module Clocks option to
synchronize the storage array RAID controller module clocks with the storage
management station. This option makes sure that the event timestamps
written by the RAID controller modules to the Event Log match the event
timestamps written to host log files. The RAID controller modules remain
available during synchronization.
To synchronize the RAID controller module clocks with the storage
management station:
1 In the AMW, select Storage Array Synchronize RAID Controller
Module Clocks.
2 If a password is set, in the Enter Password dialog, type the current
password for the storage array, and click Synchronize.
The RAID controller module clocks are synchronized with the storage
management station.
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Configuration: Event Monitor
7
An event monitor is provided with Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage
Manager (MDSM). The event monitor runs continuously in the background
and monitors activity on the managed storage arrays. If the event monitor
detects any critical problems, it can notify a host or remote system using email, Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap messages, or both.
For the most timely and continuous notification of events, enable the event
monitor on a management station that runs 24 hours a day. Enabling the
event monitor on multiple systems or having a combination of an event
monitor and MDSM active can result in duplicate events, but this does not
indicate multiple failures on the array.
To use the Event Monitor:
•
Set up alert destinations for the managed device that you want to monitor.
A possible alert destination would be the Dell Management Console. More
information about the Dell Management Console can be found at
dell.com.
•
Replicate the alert settings from a particular managed device by copying
the emwdata.bin file to every storage management station from which you
want to receive alerts.
Each managed device shows a check mark that indicates that alerts are set.
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Enabling or Disabling the Event Monitor
You can enable or disable the event monitor at any time.
Disable the event monitor if you do not want the system to send alert
notifications. If you are running the event monitor on multiple systems,
disabling the event monitor on all but one system prevents the sending of
duplicate messages.
NOTE: It is recommended that you configure the event monitor to start by default
on a management station that runs 24 hours a day.
Windows
To enable or disable the event monitor:
1 Click Start Administrative Tools Services.
or
Click Start Settings Control Panel Administrative Tools
Services.
2 From the list of services, select Modular Disk Storage Manager
Event Monitor.
3 Select ActionProperties.
4 To enable the event monitor, in the Service Status area, click Start.
5 To disable the event monitor, in the Service Status area, click Stop.
Linux
To enable the event monitor, at the command prompt, type SMmonitor
start and press <Enter>. When the program startup begins, the system
displays the following message:
SMmonitor started.
To disable the event monitor, start terminal emulation application (console
ox xterm) and at the command prompt, type SMmonitor stop and press
<Enter>. When the program shutdown is complete, the following message
is displayed:
Stopping Monitor process.
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Configuration: About Your Host
8
Configuring Host Access
Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager (MDSM) software is
comprised of multiple modules. One of these modules is the Host Context
Agent. The host context agent is installed as part of the MDSM installation
and runs continuously in the background.
If the host context agent is running on a host, the host and the host ports
connected from it to the storage array are automatically detected by MDSM
and are displayed on the Mappings tab in the Array Management Window
(AMW). For more information on the Mappings tab, see "Using the
Mappings Tab" on page 90.
If the hosts are not detected automatically, you can use the Define Host
Wizard to define the hosts that access the virtual disks in the storage array.
Defining a host is one of the steps required to let the storage array know
which hosts are attached to it and to allow access to the virtual disks. For
more information on defining the hosts, see "Defining a Host" on page 90.
To enable the host to write to the storage array, you must map the host to the
virtual disk. This mapping grants a host or a host group access to a particular
virtual disk or to a number of virtual disks in a storage array. You can define the
mappings on the Mappings tab in the AMW.
On the Summary tab in the AMW, the Hosts & Mappings area indicates how
many hosts are configured to access the storage array. You can click
Configured Hosts in the Hosts & Mappings area to see the names of the hosts.
A collection of elements, such as default host groups, hosts, and host ports,
are displayed as nodes in the Topology pane of the Mappings tab in the
AMW.
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The host topology is reconfigurable. You can perform the following tasks:
•
Create a host and assign an alias or user label.
•
Add or associate a new host port identifier to a particular host.
•
Change the host port identifier alias or user label.
•
Move or associate a host port identifier to a different host.
•
Replace a host port identifier with a new host port identifier.
•
Manually activate an inactive host port so that the port can gain access to
host specific or host group specific LUN mappings.
•
Change the host port type to another type.
•
Move a host from one host group to another host group.
•
Remove a host group, a host, or a host port identifier.
•
Rename a host group or a host.
Using the Mappings Tab
In the Mappings tab, you can:
•
Define hosts and hosts groups
•
Add mappings to the selected host groups
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Defining a Host
You can use the Define Host Wizard in the AMW to define a host for a
storage array. Either a known unassociated host port identifier or a new host
port identifier can be added.
NOTE: A user label must be specified before the host port identifier may be added
(the add button is disabled until one is entered). This user label cannot be the same
as the host name. It is recommended that you use the host name with HBA port
number. For example: Server1-HBA-0.
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To define a host:
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab and select the appropriate storage array.
2 Perform one of the actions:
•
Select MappingsDefineHost.
•
Select the Setup tab, and click Manually Define Hosts.
•
Select the Mappings tab. Right-click the root node (storage array
name), Default Group node, or Host Group node in the Topology
pane to which you want to add the host, and select DefineHost
from the pop-up menu.
The Specify Host Name window is displayed.
3 In Host name, enter an up to 30-character alphanumeric name.
4 Select the relevant option in Do you plan to use the storage partitions in
the this storage array? and click Next.
The Specify Host Port Identifiers window is displayed.
5 Select the relevant option to add a host port identifier to the host, you can
select:
•
Add by selecting a known unassociated host port identifier—In
Known unassociated host port identifiers, select the relevant host
port identifier.
•
Add by creating a new host port identifier—In New host port
identifier, enter a 16 hexadecimal character name and an up to 30
character Alias for the host port identifier and click Add.
NOTE: The host port identifier name is in hexadecimal and must contain the letters A
through F and numbers 0 through 9.
6 Click Next.
The Specify Host Type window is displayed.
7 In Host type, select the relevant operating system for the host.
The Host Group Question window is displayed.
8 In this window, you can select:
•
Yes—this host shares access to the same virtual disks with other hosts.
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•
No—this host does NOT share access to the same virtual disks with
other hosts.
9 Click Next.
If you select Yes, the Specify Host Group window is displayed. If you
select No, see step 11
10 Enter the name of the host group or select an existing host group and click
Next.
The Preview window is displayed.
11 Click Finish.
Removing Host Access
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab, select the host node in the
Topology pane.
2 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select MappingsRemove.
•
Right-click the host node and select Remove from the pop-up menu.
The Remove confirmation dialog is displayed.
3 Type yes.
4 Click OK.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Managing Host Groups
A host group is a logical entity of two or more hosts that share access to
specific virtual disks on the storage array. You create host groups with MDSM.
All hosts in a host group must have the same host type (operating system). In
addition, all hosts in the host group must have special software, such as
clustering software, to manage virtual disk sharing and accessibility.
If a host is part of a cluster, every host in the cluster must be connected to the
storage array, and every host in the cluster must be added to the host group.
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Creating a Host Group
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab.
2 In the Topology pane, select the storage array or the Default Group.
3 Perform one of the following actions:
•
Select MappingsDefineHost Group
•
Right-click the storage array or the Default Group, and select
DefineHost Group from the pop-up menu.
4 Type the name of the new host group in Enter new host group name.
5 Select the appropriate hosts in the Select hosts to add area.
6 Click Add.
NOTE: To remove hosts, select the hosts in the Hosts in group area, and click
Remove.
7 Click OK.
The host group is added to the storage array.
Adding a Host to a Host Group
You can add a host to an existing host group or a new host group using the
Define Host Wizard. For more information, see "Defining a Host" on
page 90.
You can also move a host to a different host group. For more information, see
"Moving a Host to a Different Host Group" on page 94.
Removing a Host From a Host Group
You can remove a host from the Topology pane on the Mappings tab of the
Array Management Window. For more information, see "Removing a Host
Group" on page 94.
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Moving a Host to a Different Host Group
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab, select the host node in the
Topology pane.
2 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select MappingsMove.
•
Right-click the host node, and select Move from the pop-up menu.
The Move Host dialog is displayed.
3 In the Select host group, select the host group to which you want to move
the host.
The Move Host Confirmation dialog is displayed.
4 Click Yes.
The host is moved to the selected host group with the following mappings:
•
The host retains the specific virtual disk mappings assigned to it.
•
The host inherits the virtual disk mappings assigned to the host group
to which it is moved.
•
The host loses the virtual disk mappings assigned to the host group
from which it was moved.
Removing a Host Group
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab, select the host node in the
Topology pane.
2 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select MappingsRemove.
•
Right-click the host node, and select Remove from the pop-up menu.
The Remove dialog is displayed.
3 Click Yes.
The selected host group is removed.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
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Host Topology
Host topology is the organization of hosts, host groups, and host interfaces
configured for a storage array. You can view the host topology in the
Mappings tab of the AMW. For more information, see "Using the Mappings
Tab" on page 90.
The following tasks change the host topology:
•
Moving a host or a host connection
•
Renaming a host group, a host, or a host connection
•
Adding a host connection
•
Replacing a host connection
•
Changing a host type
MDSM automatically detects these changes for any host running the host
agent software.
Starting or Stopping the Host Context Agent
The host context agent discovers the host topology and starts and stops with
the host. The topology discovered by the host context agent can be viewed by
clicking Configure Host Access (Automatic) in the Configure tab in the
MDSM.
You must stop and restart the host context agent to see the changes to the
host topology if:
•
A new storage array is attached to the host server.
•
A host is added while turning on power to the RAID controller modules.
Linux
To start or stop the host context agent, enter the following command at
the prompt:
SMagent start
SMagent stop
You stop and then restart SMagent after:
•
Moving a controller offline or replacing a controller.
•
Removing host-to-array connections from or attaching host-to-array
connections to a Linux host server.
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Windows
To start or stop the host context agent:
1 Click StartSettingsControl PanelAdministrative Tools
Services.
or
Click StartAdministrative ToolsServices.
2 From the list of services, select Modular Disk Storage Manager Agent.
3 If the host context agent is running, click Action Stop, then wait
approximately 5 seconds.
4 Click Action Start.
I/O Data Path Protection
You can have multiple host-to-array connections for a host. Ensure that you
select all the connections to the array when configuring host access to the
storage array.
NOTE: See the Deployment Guide for more information on cabling configurations,
at dell.com/support/manuals.
NOTE: For maximum redundancy, you must select all host connections to the array
when manually defining host topology. For example, a host may have two host
connections listed when manually configuring host access. For this host, you would
select the two host connections listed in the Available hosts section and add them
to the Selected hosts section using the Add button.
NOTE: For more information on configuring hosts see "Configuration: About Your
Host" on page 89.
If a component such as a RAID controller module or a cable fails, or an error
occurs on the data path to the preferred RAID controller module, the virtual
disk ownership is moved to the alternate non-preferred RAID controller
module for processing. This process is called failover.
Drivers for multi-path frameworks such as Microsoft Multi-Path IO (MPIO)
and Linux Device Mapper (DM) are installed on host systems that access the
storage array and provide I/O path failover.
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For more information on Linux DM, see "Configuration: Device Mapper
Multipath for Linux" on page 219. For more information on MPIO, see
microsoft.com.
NOTE: You must have the multi-path driver installed on the hosts at all times, even
in a configuration where there is only one path to the storage system, such as a
single port cluster configuration.
During a failover, the virtual disk transfer is logged as a critical event, and an
alert notification is sent automatically if you have configured alert
destinations for the storage array.
Managing Host Port Identifiers
You can manage the host port identifiers that are added to the storage array.
You can:
•
Add—Add or associate a new host port identifier to a particular host.
•
Edit—Change the host port identifier alias or user label. You can move
(associate) the host port identifier to a new host.
•
Replace—Replace a particular host port identifier with another host port
identifier.
•
Remove—Remove the association between a particular host port identifier
and the associated host.
NOTE: User label cannot be the same as the host name. It is recommended that
you use the host name with HBA port number. For example: Server1-HBA-0.
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To manage a host port identifier:
1 Perform one of these actions:
•
Right-click the host in the Topology pane, and select Manage Host
Port Identifiers in the pop-up menu.
•
From the menu bar, select Mappings Manage Host
Port Identifiers.
The Manage Host Port Identifiers dialog is displayed. You can choose to
manage the host port identifiers for a specific host or all of the host port
identifiers for all of the hosts in Show host port identifiers associated with.
2 If you want to manage the host port identifiers for a specific host, select
the host from the list of hosts that are associated with the storage array. If
you want to manage the host port identifiers for all hosts, select All hosts
from the list of hosts that are associated with the storage array.
3 If you are adding a new host port identifier, go to step 4. If you are
managing an existing host port identifier, go to step 8.
4 Click Add.
The Add Host Port Identifier dialog is displayed.
5 Select the method to add a host port identifier to the host. You can select:
•
Add by selecting a know unassociated host port identifier—Select
the appropriate host port identifier from the existing list of Known
unassociated host port identifiers.
•
Add by creating a new host port identifier—In New host port
identifier, enter the name of the new host port identifier.
6 In User label, enter up to 30–character alphanumeric name.
7 In Associated with host, select the appropriate host or host group.
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8 Select the host port identifier that you would like to manage from the list
of host port identifiers in the Host port identifier information area.
9 Perform one of these actions for the selected host port identifier:
•
To edit the host port identifier—Select the appropriate host port
identifier and click Edit, the Edit Host Port Identifier dialog is
displayed, update User label and Associated with host and click Save.
•
To replace the host port identifier—Select the appropriate host port
identifier and click Replace, the Replace Host Port Identifier dialog is
displayed, replace the current host port identifier with a known
unassociated host port identifier or create a new host port identifier,
update User label and click Replace.
•
To remove the host port identifier—Select the appropriate host port
identifier and click Edit, the Remove Host Port Identifier dialog is
displayed, type yes and click OK.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
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Configuration: Disk Groups and
Virtual Disks
9
Creating Disk Groups and Virtual Disks
Disk groups are created in the unconfigured capacity of a storage array, and
virtual disks are created in the free capacity of a disk group. The maximum
number of physical disks supported in a disk group is 30. The hosts attached
to the storage array read and write data to the virtual disks.
NOTE: Before you can create virtual disks, you must first organize the physical
disks into disk groups and configure host access. Then you can create virtual disks
within a disk group.
To create a virtual disk, use one of the following methods:
•
Create a new disk group from unconfigured capacity. You first define the RAID
level and free capacity (available storage space) for the disk group, and then
you define the parameters for the first virtual disk in the new disk group.
•
Create a new virtual disk in the free capacity of an existing disk group. You
only need to specify the parameters for the new virtual disk.
A disk group has a set amount of free capacity that is configured when the
disk group is created. You can use that free capacity to subdivide the disk
group into one or more virtual disks.
You can create disk groups and virtual disks using:
•
Automatic configuration—Provides the fastest method, but with limited
configuration options.
•
Manual configuration—Provides more configuration options.
When creating a virtual disk, consider the uses for that virtual disk, and select
an appropriate capacity for those uses. For example, if a disk group has a
virtual disk that stores multimedia files (which tend to be large) and another
virtual disk that stores text files (which tend to be small), the multimedia file
virtual disk requires more capacity than the text file virtual disk.
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A disk group must be organized according to its related tasks and subtasks.
For example, if you create a disk group for the Accounting Department, you
can create virtual disks that match the different types of accounting
transactions performed in the department: Accounts Receivable (AR),
Accounts Payable (AP), internal billing, and so forth. In this scenario, the AR
and AP virtual disks probably need more capacity than the internal billing
virtual disk.
NOTE: In Linux, the host must be rebooted after deleting virtual disks to reset the
/dev entries.
NOTE: Before you can use a virtual disk, you must register the disk with the host
systems. See "Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping" on page 125.
Creating Disk Groups
You can create disk groups using either Automatic configuration or Manual
configuration.
To create disk groups using automatic configuration:
1 To start the Create Disk Group Wizard, perform one of these actions:
•
To create a disk group from unconfigured capacity in the storage
array—On the Logical tab, select an Unconfigured Capacity node,
and select Disk GroupCreate. Alternatively, you can right-click the
Unconfigured Capacity node, and select Create Disk Group from the
pop-up menu.
•
To create a disk group from unassigned physical disks in the storage
array—On the Physical tab, select one or more unassigned physical
disks of the same physical disk type, and select Disk GroupCreate.
Alternatively, you can right-click the unassigned physical disks, and
select Create Disk Group from the pop-up menu.
•
To create a secure disk group—On the Physical tab, select one or more
unassigned security capable physical disks of the same physical disk
type, and select Disk GroupCreate. Alternatively, you can rightclick the unassigned security capable physical disks, and select Create
Disk Group from the pop-up menu.
The Introduction (Create Disk Group) window is displayed.
2 Click Next.
The Disk Group Name and Physical Disk Selection window is displayed.
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3 Type the name of the disk group (up to 30 characters) in Disk group name.
4 Select the appropriate Physical Disk selection choices, you can select:
•
Automatic, see step 6
•
Manual, see step 9
5 Click Next.
6 For Automatic configuration, the RAID Level and Capacity window
is displayed.
7 Select the appropriate RAID level in Select RAID level. You can select
RAID levels 0, 1/10, 6, and 5.
Depending on your RAID level selection, the physical disks available for
the selected RAID level is displayed in Select capacity table.
8 In the Select Capacity table, select the relevant disk group capacity, and
click Finish.
9 For Manual configuration, the Manual Physical Disk Selection window
is displayed.
10 Select the appropriate RAID level in Select RAID level. You can select
RAID levels 0, 1/10, 6, and 5.
Depending on your RAID level selection, the physical disks available for
the selected RAID level is displayed in Unselected physical disks table.
11 In the Unselected physical disks table, select the appropriate physical
disks and click Add.
NOTE: You can select multiple physical disks at the same time by holding
<Ctrl> or <Shift> and selecting additional physical disks.
12 To view the capacity of the new disk group, click Calculate Capacity.
13 Click Finish.
A message prompts you that the disk group is successfully created and that
you must create at least one virtual disk before you can use the capacity of
the new disk group. For more information on creating virtual disks, see
"Creating Virtual Disks" on page 104.
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Locating a Disk Group
You can physically locate and identify all of the physical disks that comprise a
selected disk group. An LED blinks on each physical disk in the disk group.
To locate a disk group:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab.
2 Select the appropriate disk group and from the toolbar select Disk
GroupBlink.
The LEDs for the selected disk group blink.
3 After locating the disk group, click OK.
The LEDs stop blinking.
4 If the LEDs for the disk group do not stop blinking, from the toolbar in
AMW, select Storage ArrayBlinkStop All Indications.
If the LEDs successfully stop blinking, a confirmation message is
displayed.
5 Click OK.
Creating Virtual Disks
Keep these important guidelines in mind when you create a virtual disk:
104
•
Many hosts can have 256 logical unit numbers (LUNs) mapped per storage
partition, but the number varies per operating system.
•
After you create one or more virtual disks and assign a mapping, you must
register the virtual disk with the operating system. In addition, you must
ensure that the host recognizes the mapping between the physical storage
array name and the virtual disk name. Depending on the operating system,
run the host-based utilities, hot_add and SMdevices.
•
If the storage array contains physical disks with different media types or
different interface types, multiple Unconfigured Capacity nodes may be
displayed in the Logical pane of the Logical tab. Each physical disk type
has an associated Unconfigured Capacity node if unassigned physical disks
are available in the expansion enclosure.
•
You cannot create a disk group and subsequent virtual disk from different
physical disk technology types. Each physical disk that comprises the disk
group must be of the same physical disk type.
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NOTE: Ensure that you create disk groups before creating virtual disks.
To create virtual disks:
1 Choose one of these methods to start the Create Virtual Disk Wizard:
•
To create a virtual disk from unconfigured capacity in the storage
array—On the Logical tab, select an Unconfigured Capacity node,
and select Virtual DiskCreate. Alternatively, you can right-click the
Unconfigured Capacity node, and select Create Virtual Disk from
the pop-up menu.
•
To create a virtual disk from free capacity on a disk group—On the
Logical tab, select a Free Capacity node, and select Virtual Disk
Create. Alternatively, you can right-click the Free Capacity node, and
select Create Virtual Disk from the pop-up menu.
•
To create a virtual disk from unassigned physical disks in the storage
array—On the Physical tab, select one or more unassigned physical
disks of the same physical disk type, and select Virtual DiskCreate.
Alternatively, you can right-click the unassigned physical disks, and
select Create Virtual Disk from the pop-up menu.
•
To create a secure virtual disk—On the Physical tab, select one or
more unassigned security capable physical disks of the same physical
disk type, and select Virtual DiskCreate. Alternatively, you can
right-click the unassigned security capable physical disks, and select
Create Virtual Disk from the pop-up menu.
If you selected an Unconfigured Capacity node or unassigned physical
disks to create a virtual disk, the Disk Group Required dialog is displayed.
Click Yes and create a disk group by using the Create Disk Group Wizard.
The Create Virtual Disk Wizard is displayed after you create the disk
group.
If you selected a Free Capacity node, the The Introduction (Create
Virtual Disk) window is displayed.
2 Click Next.
The Specify Capacity/Name window is displayed.
3 Select the appropriate unit for memory in Units and enter the capacity of
the virtual disk in New virtual disk capacity.
4 Enter an up to 30–character name for the virtual disk in Virtual disk name.
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5 In Advanced virtual disk parameters, you can select:
•
Use recommended settings.
•
Customize settings.
6 Click Next.
7 In the Customize Advanced Virtual Disk Parameters window, select the
appropriate Virtual Disk I/O characteristics type. You can select:
•
File system (typical)
•
Database
•
Multimedia
•
Custom
NOTE: If you select Custom, you must select an appropriate segment size.
8 Select the appropriate Preferred RAID controller module ownership and
click Next.
The Specify Virtual Disk-to-LUN Mapping window is displayed.
9 In the Specify Virtual Disk-to-LUN Mapping window, you can select:
•
Default Mapping
•
The appropriate Host type
•
Map later Using Mappings View.
10 Click Finish.
The virtual disks are created.
Changing the Virtual Disk Modification Priority
You can specify the modification priority setting for a single virtual disk or
multiple virtual disks on a storage array.
Guidelines to change the modification priority of a virtual disk:
106
•
If more than one virtual disk is selected, the modification priority defaults
to the lowest priority. The current priority is shown only if a single virtual
disk is selected.
•
Changing the modification priority by using this option modifies the
priority for the selected virtual disks.
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To change the virtual disk modification priority:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab.
2 Select a virtual disk.
3 In the toolbar, select Virtual DiskChangeModification Priority.
The Change Modification Priority window is displayed.
4 Select one or more virtual disks.
To select nonadjacent virtual disks, press <Ctrl> click. To select adjacent
virtual disks, press <Shift> click. To select all of the available virtual disks,
click Select All. Move the Select modification priority slider bar to the
desired priority.
5 Click OK.
A message prompts you to confirm the change in the virtual disk
modification priority.
6 Click Yes.
7 Click OK.
Changing the Virtual Disk Cache Settings
You can specify the cache memory settings for a single virtual disk or for
multiple virtual disks on a storage array.
Guidelines to change cache settings for a virtual disk:
•
After opening the Change Cache Settings dialog, the system may prompt
you that the RAID controller module has temporarily suspended caching
operations. This action may occur when a new battery is charging, when a
RAID controller module is removed, or if a mismatch in cache sizes is
detected by the RAID controller module. After the condition is cleared,
the cache properties selected in the dialog become active. If the selected
cache properties do not become active, contact your Technical Support
representative.
•
If you select more than one virtual disk, the cache settings default to no
settings selected. The current cache settings are displayed only if you select
a single virtual disk.
•
If you change the cache settings by using this option, the priority of all of
the virtual disks that you selected is modified.
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To change the virtual disk cache settings:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select a virtual disk.
2 In the toolbar, select Virtual DiskChangeCache Settings.
The Change Cache Settings window is displayed.
3 Select one or more virtual disks.
To select nonadjacent virtual disks, press <Ctrl> click. To select adjacent
virtual disks, press <Shift> click. To select all of the available virtual disks,
click Select All.
4 In the Select cache properties area, you can select:
•
Enable read caching—to enable read caching.
•
Enable dynamic cache read prefetch—to enable dynamic cache
read prefetch.
•
Enable write caching—to enable write caching.
•
Enable write caching with mirroring—to mirror cached data
across two redundant RAID controller modules that have the
same cache size.
•
Enable write caching without batteries—to permit write caching
to continue even if the RAID controller module batteries are
discharged completely, not fully charged, or are not present.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data – Selecting the Enable write caching without
batteries option allows write caching to continue even when the batteries are
discharged completely or are not fully charged. Typically, write caching is turned off
temporarily by the RAID controller module until the batteries are charged. If you
select this option and do not have a universal power supply for protection, you could
lose data. In addition, you could lose data if you do not have RAID controller module
batteries and you select the Enable write caching without batteries option.
NOTE: When the Optional RAID controller module batteries option is enabled,
the Enable write caching is not displayed. The Enable write caching without
batteries is still available, but it is not checked by default.
NOTE: Cache is automatically flushed after the Enable write caching check
box is disabled.
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5 Click OK.
A message prompts you to confirm the change in the virtual disk
modification priority.
6 Click Yes.
7 Click OK.
Changing the Segment Size of a Virtual Disk
You can change the segment size on a selected virtual disk. During this
operation, I/O performance is affected, but your data remains available.
Guidelines to proceed with changing the segment size:
•
You cannot cancel this operation after it starts.
•
Do not start this operation unless the disk group is in Optimal status.
•
MDSM determines the segment size transitions that are allowed. Segment
sizes that are inappropriate transitions from the current segment size are
unavailable on the menu. Allowed transitions usually are double or half of
current segment size. For example, if the current virtual disk segment size is
32 KB, a new virtual disk segment size of either 16 KB or 64 KB is allowed.
NOTE: The operation to change the segment size is slower than other modification
operations (for example, changing RAID levels or adding free capacity to a disk
group). This slowness is the result of how the data is reorganized and the temporary
internal backup procedures that occur during the operation.
The amount of time that a change segment size operation takes depends on:
•
The I/O load from the host
•
The modification priority of the virtual disk
•
The number of physical disks in the disk group
•
The number of physical disk ports
•
The processing power of the storage array RAID controller modules
If you want this operation to complete faster, you can change the
modification priority, although this may decrease system I/O performance.
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To change the segment size of a virtual disk:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select a virtual disk.
2 Select Virtual DiskChangeSegment Size.
3 Select the required segment size.
A message prompts you to confirm the selected segment size.
4 Click Yes.
The segment size modification operation begins. The virtual disk icon in
the Logical pane shows an Operation in Progress status while the
operation is taking place.
NOTE: To view the progress or change the priority of the modification operation,
select a virtual disk in the disk group, and select Virtual DiskChange
Modification Priority.
Changing the I/O Type
You can specify the virtual disk I/O characteristics for the virtual disks that
you are defining as part of the storage array configuration. The expected I/O
characteristics of the virtual disk is used by the system to indicate an
applicable default virtual disk segment size and dynamic cache read prefetch
setting. For more information about the Automatic Configuration Wizard,
see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
NOTE: The dynamic cache read prefetch setting can be changed later by selecting
Virtual DiskChangeCache Settings. You can change the segment size later by
selecting Virtual DiskChangeSegment Size.
The I/O characteristic types shown below are only presented during the create
virtual disk process.
When you choose one of the virtual disk I/O characteristics, the
corresponding dynamic cache prefetch setting and segment size that are
typically well suited for expected I/O patterns are populated in the Dynamic
cache read prefetch field and the Segment size field.
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To change the I/O type:
1 Select from these virtual disk I/O characteristic types, based on your
application needs:
•
File system (typical)
•
Database
•
Multimedia
•
Custom
The corresponding dynamic cache read prefetch setting and segment size
values that are typically well suited for the selected virtual disk I/O
characteristic type are populated in the Dynamic cache read prefetch and
Segment size fields.
NOTE: If you selected the Custom option, select your preferred dynamic
cache read prefetch setting (enabled/disabled) and segment size (8 KB to
512 KB).
2 Click OK.
Choosing an Appropriate Physical Disk Type
You can create disk groups and virtual disks in the storage array. You must
select the capacity that you want to allocate for the virtual disk from either
unconfigured capacity or free capacity available in the storage array. Then you
define basic and optional advanced parameters for the virtual disk.
With the advent of different physical disk technologies, it is now possible to
mix physical disks with different media types and different interface types
within a single storage array. In this release of MDSM, the following media
types are supported:
•
Hard physical disk
•
Solid State Disk (SSD)
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Physical Disk Security With Self Encrypting Disk
Self encrypting disk (SED) technology prevents unauthorized access to the
data on a physical disk that is physically removed from the storage array. The
storage array has a security key. Self encrypting disks provide access to data
only through an array that has the correct security key.
The self encrypting disk or a security capable physical disk encrypts data
during writes and decrypts data during reads. For more information, see the
PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
You can create a secure disk group from security capable physical disks. When
you create a secure disk group from security capable physical disks, the
physical disks in that disk group become security enabled. When a security
capable physical disk is security enabled, the physical disk requires the correct
security key from a RAID controller module to read or write the data. All of
the physical disks and RAID controller modules in a storage array share the
same security key. The shared security key provides read and write access to
the physical disks, while the physical disk encryption key on each physical disk
is used to encrypt the data. A security capable physical disk works like any
other physical disk until it is security enabled.
Whenever the power is turned off and turned on again, all of the security-enabled
physical disks change to a security locked state. In this state, the data is
inaccessible until the correct security key is provided by a RAID
controller module.
You can view the self encrypting disk status of any physical disk in the storage
array from the Physical Disk Properties dialog. The status information
reports whether the physical disk is:
•
Security Capable
•
Secure—Security enabled or disabled
•
Read/Write Accessible—Security locked or unlocked
You can view the self encrypting disk status of any disk group in the storage
array. The status information reports whether the storage array is:
112
•
Security Capable
•
Secure
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Table 9-1 shows how to interpret the security status of a disk group.
Table 9-1. Interpreting Security Status of a Disk Group
Secure
Security Capable–Yes
Security Capable–No
Yes
The disk group is composed of all Not applicable. Only SED
SED physical disks and is in a
physical disks can be in a Secure
Secure state.
state.
No
The disk group is composed of all The disk group is not entirely
SED physical disks and is in a
composed of SED physical disks.
Non-Secure state.
The Physical Disk Security menu is displayed in the Storage Array menu.
The Physical Disk Security menu has these options:
•
Create Security Key
•
Change Security Key
•
Save Security Key File
•
Validate Security Key
•
Unlock Drives
NOTE: If you have not created a security key for the storage array, the Create
Security Key option is active. If you have created a security key for the storage
array, the Create Security Key option is inactive with a check mark to the left. The
Change Security Key option, the Save Security Key option, and the Validate
Security Key option are now active.
The Secure Physical Disks option is displayed in the Disk Group menu. The
Secure Physical Disks option is active if these conditions are true:
•
The selected storage array is not security enabled but is comprised entirely
of security capable physical disks.
•
The storage array contains no snapshot source virtual disks or snapshot
repository virtual disks.
•
The disk group is in an Optimal state.
•
A security key is set up for the storage array.
NOTE: The Secure Physical Disks option is inactive if these conditions are not true.
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The Secure Physical Disks option is inactive with a check mark on the left if
the disk group is already security enabled.
The Create a secure disk group option is displayed in the Create Disk Group
Wizard - Disk Group Name and Physical Disk Selection dialog. The Create
a secure disk group option is active only when these conditions are met:
•
A security key is installed in the storage array.
•
At least one security capable physical disk is installed in the storage array.
•
All of the physical disks that you selected on the Physical tab are security
capable physical disks.
You can erase security-enabled physical disks so that you can reuse the drives
in another disk group or in another storage array. When you erase securityenabled physical disks, ensure that the data cannot be read. When all of the
physical disks that you have selected in the Physical tab are security enabled,
and none of the selected physical disks is part of a disk group, the Secure
Erase option is displayed in the Physical Disk menu.
The storage array password protects a storage array from potentially
destructive operations by unauthorized users. The storage array password is
independent from self encrypting disk and must not be confused with the
pass phrase that is used to protect copies of a security key. It is recommended
that you set a storage array password.
Creating a Security Key
When you create a security key, it is generated by and securely stored by the
array. You cannot read or view the security key.
NOTE: A copy of the security key must be kept on some other storage medium for
backup in case of system failure or for transfer to another storage array.
A pass phrase that you provide is used to encrypt and decrypt the security key
for storage on other media. When you create a security key, you also provide
information to create a security key identifier. Unlike the security key, you can
read or view the security key identifier. The security key identifier is also
stored on a physical disk or transportable media. The security key identifier is
used to identify which key the storage array is using.
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To create a security key:
1 In the AMW toolbar, select Storage ArrayPhysical Disk Security
Create Security Key.
The Create Security Key window is displayed.
2 In Security key identifier, enter a string that becomes part of the secure
key identifier.
You can enter up to 189 alphanumeric characters without spaces,
punctuation, or symbols. Additional characters is generated automatically
and is appended to the end of the string that you enter. The generated
characters help to ensure that the secure key identifier is unique.
3 Edit the default path by adding a file name to the end of the path or click
Browse, navigate to the required folder and enter the name of the file.
4 In Pass phrase, enter a string for the pass phrase.
The pass phrase must:
•
be between 8 and 32 characters long.
•
contain at least 1 uppercase letter.
•
contain at least 1 lowercase letter.
•
contain at least 1 number.
•
contain at least 1 non-alphanumeric character, for example, < > @
+.
The pass phrase that you enter is masked.
NOTE: Create Key is active only if the pass phrase meets the above
mentioned criterion.
5 In Confirm pass phrase, re-enter the exact string that you entered in
Pass phrase.
Make a record of the pass phrase that you entered and the security key
identifier that is associated with the pass phrase. You need this
information for later secure operations.
6 Click Create Key.
7 Make a record of the security key identifier and the file name from the
Create Security Key Complete dialog, and click OK.
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After you have created a security key, you can create secure disk groups from
security capable physical disks. Creating a secure disk group makes the
physical disks in the disk group security-enabled. Security-enabled physical
disks enter Security Locked status whenever power is re-applied. They can be
unlocked only by a RAID controller module that supplies the correct key
during physical disk initialization. Otherwise, the physical disks remain
locked, and the data is inaccessible. The Security Locked status prevents any
unauthorized person from accessing data on a security-enabled physical disk
by physically removing the physical disk and installing the physical disk in
another computer or storage array.
Changing a Security Key
When you change a security key, a new security key is generated by the
system. The new key replaces the previous key. You cannot view or read the
key. However, a copy of the security key must be kept on some other storage
medium for backup in case of system failure or for transfer to another storage
array. A pass phrase that you provide encrypts and decrypts the security key
for storage on other media.
When you change a security key, you also provide information to create a
security key identifier.
Changing the security key does not destroy any data. You can change the
security key at any time.
Before you change the security key, ensure that:
•
All virtual disks in the storage array are in Optimal status.
•
In storage arrays with two RAID controller modules, both are present and
working normally.
To change the security key:
1 In the AMW toolbar, select Storage ArrayPhysical Disk Security
Change Security Key.
The Confirm Change Security Key window is displayed.
2 Type yes in the text field, and click OK.
The Change Security Key window is displayed.
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3 In Secure key identifier, enter a string that becomes part of the secure
key identifier.
You may leave the text box blank, or enter up to 189 alphanumeric
characters without white space, punctuation, or symbols. Additional
characters are generated automatically.
4 Edit the default path by adding a file name to the end of the path or click
Browse, navigate to the required folder and enter the name of the file.
5 In Pass phrase, enter a string for the pass phrase.
The pass phrase must:
•
be between 8 and 32 characters long.
•
contain at least 1 uppercase letter.
•
contain at least 1 lowercase letter.
•
contain at least 1 number.
•
contain at least 1 non-alphanumeric character, for example, < > @
+.
The pass phrase that you enter is masked.
6 In Confirm pass phrase, re-enter the exact string you entered in Pass phrase.
Make a record of the pass phrase you entered and the security key identifier it
is associated with. You need this information for later secure operations.
7 Click Change Key.
8 Make a record of the security key identifier and the file name from the
Change Security Key Complete dialog, and click OK.
Saving a Security Key
You save an externally storable copy of the security key when the security key
is first created and each time it is changed. You can create additional storable
copies at any time. To save a new copy of the security key, you must provide a
pass phrase. The pass phrase you choose does not need to match the pass
phrase used when the security key was created or last changed. The pass
phrase is applied to the particular copy of the security key you are saving.
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To save the security key for the storage array:
1 In the AMW toolbar, select Storage ArrayPhysical Disk SecuritySave
Security Key File.
The Save Security Key File - Enter Pass Phrase window is displayed.
2 Edit the default path by adding a file name to the end of the path or click
Browse, navigate to the required folder and enter the name of the file.
3 In Pass phrase, enter a string for the pass phrase.
The pass phrase must:
•
be between 8 and 32 characters long.
•
contain at least 1 uppercase letter.
•
contain at least 1 lowercase letter.
•
contain at least 1 number.
•
contain at least 1 non-alphanumeric character, for example, < > @
+.
The pass phrase that you enter is masked.
4 In Confirm pass phrase, re-enter the exact string you entered in Pass phrase.
Make a record of the pass phrase you entered. You need it for later
secure operations.
5 Click Save.
6 Make a record of the security key identifier and the file name from the
Save Security Key Complete dialog and click OK.
Validate Security Key
A file in which a security key is stored is validated through the Validate
Security Key dialog. To transfer, archive, or back up the security key, the RAID
controller module firmware encrypts (or wraps) the security key and stores it
in a file. You must provide a pass phrase and identify the corresponding file to
decrypt the file and recover the security key.
Data can be read from a security enabled physical disk only if a RAID
controller module in the storage array provides the correct security key. If
security enabled physical disks are moved from one storage array to another,
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the appropriate security key must also be imported to the new storage array.
Otherwise, the data on the security enabled physical disks that were moved is
inaccessible.
For more information on validating the security key, see the PowerVault
Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
Unlocking Secure Physical Disks
You can export a security-enabled disk group to move the associated physical
disks to a different storage array. After you install those physical disks in the
new storage array, you must unlock the physical disks before data can be read
from or written to the physical disks. To unlock the physical disks, you must
supply the security key from the original storage array. The security key on the
new storage array is different and cannot unlock the physical disks.
You must supply the security key from a security key file that was saved on the
original storage array. You must provide the pass phrase that was used to
encrypt the security key file to extract the security key from this file.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Erasing Secure Physical Disks
In the AMW, when you select a security enabled physical disk that is not part
of a disk group, the Secure Erase menu item is enabled on the Physical Disk
menu. You can use the secure erase procedure to re-provision a physical disk.
You can use the Secure Erase option if you want to remove all of the data on
the physical disk and reset the physical disk security attributes.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data access – The Secure Erase option removes all of
the data that is currently on the physical disk. This action cannot be undone.
Before you complete this option, ensure that the physical disk that you have
selected is the correct physical disk. You cannot recover any of the data that is
currently on the physical disk.
After you complete the secure erase procedure, the physical disk is available
for use in another disk group or in another storage array. For more information
on the secure erase procedure, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage
Manager online help topics.
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Configuring Hot Spare Physical Disks
Guidelines to configure host spare physical disks:
•
You can use only unassigned physical disks with Optimal status as hot
spare physical disks.
•
You can unassign only hot spare physical disks with Optimal, or Standby
status. You cannot unassign a hot spare physical disk that has the In Use
status. A hot spare physical disk has the In Use status when it is in the
process of taking over for a failed physical disk.
•
If a hot spare physical disk does not have Optimal status, follow the
Recovery Guru procedures displayed by the MDSM application to correct
any problem before trying to unassign the physical disk.
•
Hot spare physical disks must be of the same media type and interface type
as the physical disks that they are protecting.
•
If there are secure disk groups and security capable disk groups in the
storage array, the hot spare physical disk must match the security
capability of the disk group.
•
Hot spare physical disks must have capacities equal to or larger than the
used capacity on the physical disks that they are protecting.
•
The availability of enclosure loss protection for a disk group depends on
the location of the physical disks that comprise the disk group. To ensure
that enclosure loss protection is not affected, you must replace a failed
physical disk to initiate the copyback process. See "Enclosure Loss
Protection" on page 123.
CAUTION: If a hot spare physical disk does not have Optimal status, follow the
Recovery Guru procedures to correct the problem before you try to unassign the
physical disk. You cannot assign a hot spare physical disk if it is in use (taking
over for a failed physical disk).
To assign or unassign hot spare physical disks:
1 In the AMW, select the Physical tab.
2 Select one or more physical disks.
3 Perform one of these actions:
•
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Select Physical diskHot Spare Coverage.
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•
Right-click the physical disk and select Hot Spare Coverage from the
pop-up menu.
The Hot Spare Physical Disk Options window is displayed.
4 Select the appropriate option, you can select:
•
View/change current hot spare coverage—to review hot spare coverage
and to assign or unassign hot spare physical disks, if necessary. See step 5.
•
Automatically assign physical disks— to create hot spare physical
disks automatically for the best hot spare coverage using available
physical disks.
•
Manually assign individual physical disks—to create hot spare
physical disks out of the selected physical disks on the Physical tab.
•
Manually unassign individual physical disks—to unassign the
selected hot spare physical disks on the Physical tab. See step 12.
5 To assign hot spares, in the Hot Spare Coverage window, select a disk
group in the Hot spare coverage area.
6 Review the information about the hot spare coverage in the Details area.
7 Click Assign.
The Assign Hot Spare window is displayed.
8 Select the relevant physical disks in the Unassigned physical disks area, as
hot spares for the selected disk and click OK.
9 To unassign hot spares, in the Hot Spare Coverage window, select the
physical disks in the Hot spare physical disks area.
10 Review the information about the hot spare coverage in the Details area.
11 Click Unassign.
A message prompts you to confirm the operation.
12 Type yes and click OK.
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Hot Spares and Rebuild
A valuable strategy to protect data is to assign available physical disks in the
storage array as hot spares. A hot spare adds another level of fault tolerance to
the storage array.
A hot spare is an idle, powered-on, stand-by physical disk ready for immediate
use in case of disk failure. If a hot spare is defined in an enclosure in which a
redundant virtual disk experiences a physical disk failure, a rebuild of the
degraded virtual disk is automatically initiated by the RAID controller
modules. If no hot spares are defined, the rebuild process is initiated by the
RAID controller modules when a replacement physical disk is inserted into
the storage array.
Global Hot Spares
The MD3600f Series supports global hot spares. A global hot spare can
replace a failed physical disk in any virtual disk with a redundant RAID level
as long as the capacity of the hot spare is equal to or larger than the size of the
configured capacity on the physical disk it replaces, including its metadata.
Hot Spare Operation
When a physical disk fails, the virtual disk automatically rebuilds using an
available hot spare. When a replacement physical disk is installed, data from
the hot spare is copied back to the replacement physical disk. This function is
called copy back. By default, the RAID controller module automatically
configures the number and type of hot spares based on the number and
capacity of the physical disks in your system.
A hot spare may have the following states:
122
•
Standby hot spare—is a physical disk that is assigned as a hot spare and is
available to take over for any failed physical disk.
•
In-use hot spare—is a physical disk that is assigned as a hot spare and is
currently replacing a failed physical disk.
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Hot Spare Drive Protection
You can use a hot spare physical disk for additional data protection from
physical disk failures that occur in a RAID level 1, or RAID level 5 disk group.
If the hot spare physical disk is available when a physical disk fails, the RAID
controller module uses redundancy data to reconstruct the data from the
failed physical disk to the hot spare physical disk. When you have physically
replaced the failed physical disk, a copyback operation occurs from the hot
spare physical disk to the replaced physical disk.
If there are secure disk groups and security capable disk groups in the storage
array, the hot spare physical disk must match the security capability of the
disk group. For example, a non-security capable physical disk cannot be used
as a hot spare for a secure disk group.
NOTE: For a security capable disk group, security capable hot spare physical disks
are preferred. If security capable physical disks are not available, non-security
capable physical disks may be used as hot spare physical disks. To ensure that the
disk group is retained as security capable, the non-security capable hot spare
physical disk must be replaced with a security capable physical disk.
If you select a security capable physical disk as hot spare for a non-secure disk
group, a dialog box is displayed indicating that a security capable physical disk
is being used as a hot spare for a non-secure disk group.
The availability of enclosure loss protection for a disk group depends on the
location of the physical disks that comprise the disk group. The enclosure loss
protection may be lost because of a failed physical disk and location of the hot
spare physical disk. To ensure that enclosure loss protection is not affected,
you must replace a failed physical disk to initiate the copyback process.
The virtual disk remains online and accessible while you are replacing the
failed physical disk, because the hot spare physical disk is automatically
substituted for the failed physical disk.
Enclosure Loss Protection
Enclosure loss protection is an attribute of a disk group. Enclosure loss
protection guarantees accessibility to the data on the virtual disks in a disk
group if a total loss of communication occurs with a single expansion
enclosure. An example of total loss of communication may be loss of power to
the expansion enclosure or failure of both RAID controller modules.
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CAUTION: Enclosure loss protection is not guaranteed if a physical disk has
already failed in the disk group. In this situation, losing access to an expansion
enclosure and consequently another physical disk in the disk group causes a
double physical disk failure and loss of data.
Enclosure loss protection is achieved when you create a disk group where all
of the physical disks that comprise the disk group are located in different
expansion enclosures. This distinction depends on the RAID level. If you
choose to create a disk group by using the Automatic method, the software
attempts to choose physical disks that provide enclosure loss protection. If
you choose to create a disk group by using the Manual method, you must use
the criteria specified in Table 9-2.
Table 9-2. Criteria for Enclosure Loss Protection
RAID Level
Criteria for Enclosure Loss Protection
RAID level 5 Ensure that all the physical disks in the disk group are located in
or RAID level different expansion enclosures.
6
Because a RAID level 5 requires a minimum of 3 physical disks,
enclosure loss protection cannot be achieved if your storage array has
less than 3 expansion enclosures.
Because a RAID level 6 requires a minimum of 5 physical disks,
enclosure loss protections cannot be achieved if your storage array has
less than 5 expansion enclosures.
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Table 9-2. Criteria for Enclosure Loss Protection (continued)
RAID Level
Criteria for Enclosure Loss Protection
RAID level 1 Ensure that each physical disk in a mirrored pair is located in a
different expansion enclosure. This enables you to have more than
two physical disks in the disk group within the same expansion
enclosure.
For example, if you are creating a six physical disk, disk group (3mirrored pairs), you can achieve enclosure loss protection with only
two expansion enclosures by specifying that the physical disk in each
mirrored pair are located in separate expansion enclosures. For
example:
• Mirror pair 1—Physical disk in enclosure 1, slot 1 and physical disk in
enclosure 2, slot 1.
• Mirror pair 2—Physical disk in enclosure 1, slot 2 and physical disk in
enclosure 2, slot 2.
• Mirror pair 3—Physical disk in enclosure 1, slot 3 and physical disk in
enclosure 2,slot 3.
Because a RAID level 1 disk group requires a minimum of two physical
disks, enclosure loss protections cannot be achieved if your storage
array has less than two expansion enclosures.
RAID level 0 Because RAID level 0 does not have consistency, you cannot achieve
enclosure loss protection.
Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping
After you create virtual disks, you must map them to the host(s) connected to
the array.
Guidelines to configure host-to-virtual disk mapping:
•
Each virtual disk in the storage array can be mapped to only one host or
host group.
•
Host-to-virtual disk mappings are shared between controllers in the
storage array.
•
A unique LUN must be used by a host group or host to access a virtual disk.
•
Each host has its own LUN address space. MDSM permits the same LUN
to be used by different hosts or host groups to access virtual disks in a
storage array.
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•
Not every operating system has the same number of LUNs available.
•
You can define the mappings on the Mappings tab in the AMW. See
"Using the Mappings Tab" on page 90.
Creating Host-to-Virtual Disk Mappings
Guidelines to define the mappings:
•
An access virtual disk mapping is not required for an out-of-band storage
array. If your storage array is managed using an out-of-band connection,
and an access virtual disk mapping is assigned to the Default Group, an
access virtual disk mapping is assigned to every host created from the
Default Group. To prevent this action from occurring, remove the access
virtual disk mapping from the Default Group.
•
Most hosts have 256 LUNs mapped per storage partition. The LUN
numbering is from 0 through 255. If your operating system restricts LUNs
to 127, and you try to map a virtual disk to a LUN that is greater than or
equal to 127, the host cannot access it.
•
An initial mapping of the host group or host must be created using the
Storage Partitioning Wizard before defining additional mappings. See
"Storage Partitioning" on page 137.
To create host to virtual disk mappings:
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab.
2 In the Topology pane, select:
•
Default Group
•
Undefined mappings node
•
Individual defined mapping
•
Host group
•
Host
3 In the toolbar, select MappingsDefineAdditional Mapping.
The Define Additional Mapping window is displayed.
4 In Host group or host, select the appropriate host group or host.
All defined hosts, host groups, and the default group is displayed in the
list.
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5 In Logical unit number, select a LUN. The supported LUNs are 0
through 255.
6 Select the virtual disk to be mapped in the Virtual Disk area.
The Virtual Disk area lists the names and capacity of the virtual disks that are
available for mapping based on the selected host group or selected host.
7 Click Add.
NOTE: The Add button is inactive until a host group or host, LUN, and virtual
disk are selected.
8 To define additional mappings, repeat step 4 through step 7.
NOTE: After a virtual disk is mapped, it is no longer available in the Virtual
Disk area.
9 Click Close.
The mappings are saved. The Topology pane and the Defined Mappings
pane in the Mappings tab are updated to reflect the mappings.
Modifying and Removing Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping
You can modify or remove a host-to-virtual disk mapping for several reasons,
such as an incorrect mapping or reconfiguration of the storage array.
Modifying or removing a host-to-virtual disk mapping applies to both hosts
and host groups.
To modify or remove host to virtual disk mapping:
NOTE: Before you modify or remove a host-to-virtual disk mapping, you must stop
any data access (I/O) to the virtual disks to prevent data loss.
1 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab.
2 In the Defined Mappings pane, perform one of these actions:
•
Select a single virtual disk, and select MappingsChange
Mapping.
•
Right-click the virtual disk, and select Change Mapping from the
pop-up menu.
3 In Host group or host, select the appropriate host group or host.
By default, the drop-down list shows the current host group or the host
associated with the selected virtual disk.
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4 In Logical unit number, select the appropriate LUN.
The drop down list shows only the currently available LUNs that are
associated with the selected virtual disk.
5 Click OK.
Stop any host applications associated with this virtual disk, and unmount
the virtual disk, if applicable, from your operating system.
6 In the Change Mapping dialog, click Yes to confirm the changes.
The mapping is checked for validity and is saved. The Defined Mappings
pane is updated to reflect the new mapping. The Topology pane is also
updated to reflect any movement of host groups or hosts.
NOTE: If a password is set on the storage array, the Enter Password dialog is
displayed. Type the current password for the storage array, and click OK.
7 If configuring a Linux host, run the rescan_dm_devs utility on the host,
and remount the virtual disk if required. This utility is installed on the host
as part of the MDSM install process.
8 Restart the host applications.
Changing Controller Ownership of the Virtual Disk
If the host has a single data-path to the MD storage array, the virtual disk
must be owned by the controller to which the host is connected. You must
configure this storage array before you start I/O operations and after the
virtual disk is created.
You can change the RAID controller module ownership of a standard virtual
disk or a snapshot repository virtual disk. You cannot directly change the
RAID controller module ownership of a snapshot virtual disk because the
snapshot virtual disk inherits the RAID controller module owner of its
associated source virtual disk. Changing the RAID controller module
ownership of a virtual disk changes the preferred RAID controller module
ownership of the virtual disk.
During a virtual disk copy, the same RAID controller module must own both
the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk. Sometimes both virtual
disks do not have the same preferred RAID controller module when the
virtual disk copy starts. Therefore, the ownership of the target virtual disk is
automatically transferred to the preferred RAID controller module of the
source virtual disk. When the virtual disk copy is completed or is stopped,
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ownership of the target virtual disk is restored to its preferred RAID controller
module. If ownership of the source virtual disk is changed during the virtual
disk copy, ownership of the target virtual disk is also changed. Under certain
operating system environments, it may be necessary to reconfigure the multipath driver before an I/O path can be used.
To change the ownership of the virtual disk to the connected controller:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select a virtual disk.
2 Select Virtual DiskChangeOwnership/Preferred Path.
3 Select the appropriate RAID controller module slot and click Yes to
confirm the selection.
Removing Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping
1 In the AMW, select the Mapping tab.
2 Select a virtual disk from the Defined Mappings pane.
3 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select MappingsRemove.
•
Right-click the virtual disk, and select Remove Mapping from the
pop-up menu.
4 Click Yes to remove the mapping.
Changing the RAID Controller Module Ownership of a Disk Group
You can change the RAID controller module ownership of a disk group.
You can change the RAID controller module ownership of a standard virtual
disk or a snapshot repository virtual disk. You cannot directly change the
RAID controller module ownership of a snapshot virtual disk because the
snapshot virtual disk inherits the RAID controller module owner of its
associated source virtual disk. Changing the RAID controller module
ownership of a virtual disk changes the preferred RAID controller module
ownership of the virtual disk.
During a virtual disk copy, the same RAID controller module must own both
the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk. Sometimes both virtual
disks do not have the same preferred RAID controller module when the
virtual disk copy starts. Therefore, the ownership of the target virtual disk is
automatically transferred to the preferred RAID controller module of the
source virtual disk. When the virtual disk copy is completed or is stopped,
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ownership of the target virtual disk is restored to its preferred RAID controller
module. If ownership of the source virtual disk is changed during the virtual
disk copy, ownership of the target virtual disk is also changed. Under certain
operating system environments, it may be necessary to reconfigure the multipath driver before an I/O path can be used.
To change the RAID controller module ownership of a disk group:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select a disk group.
2 Select Disk GroupChangeOwnership/Preferred Path.
3 Select the appropriate RAID controller module slot and click Yes to
confirm the selection.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data access– Changing ownership at the disk group
level causes every virtual disk in that disk group to transfer to the other RAID
controller module and use the new I/O path. If you do not want to set every virtual
disk to the new path, change ownership at the virtual disk level instead.
The ownership of the disk group is changed. I/O to the disk group is now
directed through this I/O path.
NOTE: The disk group may not use the new I/O path until the multi-path driver
reconfigures and recognizes the new path. This action usually takes less than
5 minutes.
Changing the RAID Level of a Disk Group
Changing the RAID level of a disk group changes the RAID levels of every
virtual disk that comprises the disk group. Performance may be slightly
affected during the operation.
Guidelines to change the RAID level of a disk group:
•
You cannot cancel this operation after it begins.
•
The disk group must be in Optimal status before you can perform
this operation.
•
Your data remains available during this operation.
•
If you do not have enough capacity in the disk group to convert to the new
RAID level, an error message is displayed, and the operation does not
continue. If you have unassigned physical disks, use the Disk Group
Add Free Capacity (Physical Disks) option to add additional capacity to
the disk group. Then retry the operation.
To change the RAID level of a disk group:
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1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select a disk group.
2 Select Disk GroupChangeRAID Level.
3 Select the appropriate RAID level and click Yes to confirm the selection.
The RAID level operation begins.
Removing a Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping Using Linux DMMP
To remove a host-to-virtual disk mapping using Linux DMMP, follow these
steps:
1 Unmount the filesystem containing the virtual disk:
# umount filesystemDirectory
2 Run the following command to display multi-pathing topology:
# multipath -ll
Note the virtual disk that you want to delete from the mapping. For
example, the following information may be displayed:
mpath6 (3600a0b80000fb6e50000000e487b02f5) dm-10
DELL, MD32xx
[size=1.6T][features=3 queue_if_no_path
pg_init_retries 50][hwhandler=1 rdac]
\_ round-robin 0 [prio=6][active]
\_ 1:0:0:2 sdf 8:80 [active][ready]
\_ round-robin 0 [prio=1][enabled]
\_ 0:0:0:2 sde 8:64 [active][ghost]
In this example, the mpath6 device contains two paths:
-- /dev/sdf at Host 1, Channel 0, Target 0, LUN 2
--/dev/sde at Host 0, Channel 0, Target 0, LUN 2
3 Flush the multi-pathing device mapping using the following command:
# multipath -f /dev/mapper/mapth_x
where mapth_x is the device you want to delete.
4 Delete the paths related with this device using the following command:
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# echo 1 > /sys/block/sd_x/device/delete
where sd_x is the SD node (disk device) returned by the multipath
command. Repeat this command for all paths related to this device.
For example:
#echo 1 > /sys/block/sdf/device/delete
#echo 1 > /sys/block/sde/device/delete
5 Remove mapping from MDSM, or delete the LUN if necessary.
6 If you want to map another LUN or increase volume capacity, perform this
action from MDSM.
NOTE: If you are only testing LUN removal, you can stop at this step.
7 If a new LUN is mapped or volume capacity is changed, run the following
command:
# rescan_dm_devs
8 Use the multipath -ll command to verify that:
•
If a new LUN is mapped, the new LUN is detected and given a multipathing device node
•
If you increased volume capacity, the new capacity is displayed.
Restricted Mappings
Many hosts are able to map up to 256 logical unit numbers (LUNs) (0 to 255) per
storage partition. However, the maximum number of mappings differs because of
operating system variables, failover driver issues, and potential data problems.
The hosts listed in the Table 9-3 have these mapping restrictions.
If you try to map a virtual disk to a LUN that exceeds the restriction on these
operating systems, the host is unable to access the virtual disk.
Table 9-3. Mapping Restrictions
Operating System
Highest LUN
Windows Server 2003 and Windows server 2008
255
Linux
255
Guidelines when you work with host types with LUN mapping restrictions:
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•
You cannot change a host adapter port to a restricted host type if there are
already mappings in the storage partition that would exceed the limit
imposed by the restricted host type.
•
Consider the case of the Default Group that has access to LUNs up to 256
(0 to 255) and a restricted host type is added to the Default Group. In this
case, the host that is associated with the restricted host type is able to
access virtual disks in the Default Group with LUNs within its limits. For
example, if the Default Group had two virtual disks mapped to LUNs 254
and 255, the host with the restricted host type would not be able to access
those two virtual disks.
•
If the Default Group has a restricted host type assigned and the storage
partitions are disabled, you can map only a total of 32 LUNs. Any
additional virtual disks that are created are put in the Unidentified
Mappings area. If additional mappings are defined for one of these
Unidentified Mappings, the Define Additional Mapping dialog shows
the LUN list, and the Add button is unavailable.
•
Do not configure dual mappings on a Windows host.
•
If there is a host with a restricted host type that is part of a specific storage
partition, all of the hosts in that storage partition are limited to the
maximum number of LUNs allowed by the restricted host type.
•
You cannot move a host with a restricted host type into a storage partition
that already has LUNs mapped that are greater than what is allowed by the
restricted host type. For example, if you have a restricted host type that
allows only LUNs up to 31, you cannot move that restricted host type into
a storage partition that has LUNs greater than 31 already mapped.
The Default Group on the Mappings tab has a default host type. You can
change this type by selecting Storage ArrayChangeDefault Host Type.
If you set the default host type to a host type that is restricted, the maximum
number of LUNs that are allowed in the Default Group for any host are
restricted to the limit imposed by the restricted host type. If a particular host
with a non-restricted host type becomes part of a specific storage partition,
you can change the mapping to a higher LUN.
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Changing the RAID Controller Module Ownership of a Virtual Disk or a
Disk Group
You can change the RAID controller module ownership of a virtual disk or a
disk group.
You can change the RAID controller module ownership of a standard virtual
disk or a snapshot repository virtual disk. You cannot directly change the
RAID controller module ownership of a snapshot virtual disk because the
snapshot virtual disk inherits the RAID controller module owner of its
associated source virtual disk. Changing the RAID controller module
ownership of a virtual disk changes the preferred RAID controller module
ownership of the virtual disk.
During a virtual disk copy, the same RAID controller module must own both
the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk. Sometimes both virtual
disks do not have the same preferred RAID controller module when the
virtual disk copy starts. Therefore, the ownership of the target virtual disk is
automatically transferred to the preferred RAID controller module of the
source virtual disk. When the virtual disk copy is completed or is stopped,
ownership of the target virtual disk is restored to its preferred RAID controller
module. If ownership of the source virtual disk is changed during the virtual
disk copy, ownership of the target virtual disk is also changed. Under certain
operating system environments, it may be necessary to reconfigure the multipath driver before an I/O path can be used.
1 To change:
a
The RAID controller module ownership of a virtual disk—Go to
step 2.
b
The RAID controller module ownership of a disk group—Go to step 3.
2 To change the RAID controller module ownership of a virtual disk,
perform these steps:
134
a
Select the Logical tab.
b
Select the virtual disk.
c
Select Virtual Disk Change Ownership/Preferred Path.
Alternatively, you can right-click the virtual disk and select Change
Ownership/Preferred Path from the pop-up menu.
d
Select the RAID controller module.
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CAUTION: Possible loss of data access—If you do not use a multi-path driver,
shut down any host applications that are currently using the virtual disk. This
action prevents application errors when the I/O path changes.
e
Click Yes.
The ownership of the virtual disk is changed. I/O to the virtual disk is now
directed through this I/O path. You are finished with this procedure.
NOTE: The virtual disk may not use the new I/O path until the multi-path driver
reconfigures and recognizes the new path. This action usually takes less than 5
minutes.
3 To change the RAID controller module ownership of a disk group, perform
these steps:
a
Select the Logical tab.
b
Select the disk group.
c
Select Disk Group Change Ownership/Preferred Path.
Alternatively, you can right-click the disk group and select Change
Ownership/Preferred Path from the pop-up menu.
d
Select the RAID controller module.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data access—Changing ownership at the disk group
level causes every virtual disk in that disk group to transfer to the other RAID
controller module and use the new I/O path. If you do not want to set every virtual
disk to the new path, change ownership at the virtual disk level instead.
Click Yes.The ownership of the disk group is changed. I/O to the disk group is
now directed through this I/O path.
NOTE: The disk group may not use the new I/O path until the multi-path driver
reconfigures and recognizes the new path. This action usually takes less than
5 minutes.
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Changing the RAID Level of a Disk Group
Use the ChangeRAID Level option to change the RAID level on a selected
disk group. Using this option changes the RAID levels of every virtual disk
that comprises the disk group. Performance may be slightly affected during
the operation.
Keep these guidelines in mind when you change the RAID level of a disk group:
•
You cannot cancel this operation after it begins.
•
The disk group must be in Optimal status before you can perform
this operation.
•
Your data remains available during this operation.
•
If you do not have enough capacity in the disk group to convert to the new
RAID level, an error message is displayed, and the operation does not
continue. If you have unassigned physical disks, use the Disk Group
Add Free Capacity (Physical Disks) option to add additional capacity to
the disk group. Then retry the operation.
To change the RAID level of a disk group:
1 Select the Logical tab.
2 Select the disk group.
3 Select Disk GroupChangeRAID Level.
4 Select the RAID level (RAID level 0, RAID level 1, RAID level 5, or RAID
level 6). The currently selected option is designated with a dot.
5 Click Yes.
The RAID level operation begins.
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Storage Partitioning
A storage partition is a logical entity consisting of one or more virtual disks
that can be accessed by a single host or shared among hosts that are part of a
host group. The first time you map a virtual disk to a specific host or host
group, a storage partition is created. Subsequent virtual disk mappings to that
host or host group do not create another storage partition.
One storage partition is sufficient if:
•
Only one attached host accesses all of the virtual disks in the storage array.
•
All attached hosts share access to all of the virtual disks in the storage array.
When you choose this type of configuration, all of the hosts must have the
same operating system and special software (such as clustering software) to
manage virtual disk sharing and accessibility.
More than one storage partition is required if:
•
Specific hosts must access specific virtual disks in the storage array.
•
Hosts with different operating systems are attached to the same storage
array. In this case, a storage partition is created for each host type.
You can use the Storage Partitioning wizard to define a single storage partition.
The Storage Partitioning wizard guides you through the major steps required to
specify which host groups, hosts, virtual disks, and associated logical unit
numbers (LUNs) are to be included in the storage partition.
Storage partitioning fails when:
•
All mappings are defined.
•
You create a mapping for a host group that conflicts with an established
mapping for a host in the host group.
•
You create a mapping for a host in a host group that conflicts with an
established mapping for the host group.
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Storage partitioning is unavailable when:
•
No valid host groups or hosts exist in the Topology pane on the Mappings
tab.
•
No host ports are defined for the host being included in the storage
partition.
•
All mappings are defined.
NOTE: You can include a secondary virtual disk in a storage partition.
However, any hosts that are mapped to the secondary virtual disk has readonly access until the virtual disk is promoted to a primary virtual disk, or the
mirror relationship is removed.
Storage partitioning topology is the collection of elements, such as Default
Group, host groups, hosts, and host ports shown as nodes in the Topology
pane of the Mappings tab in the AMW. For more information, see "Using the
Mappings Tab" on page 90.
If a storage partitioning topology is not defined, an informational dialog is
displayed each time you select the Mappings tab. You must define the storage
partitioning topology before you define the actual storage partition.
Disk Group and Virtual Disk Expansion
Adding free capacity to a disk group is achieved by adding unconfigured
capacity on the array to the disk group. Data is accessible on disk groups,
virtual disks, and physical disks throughout the entire modification operation.
The additional free capacity can then be used to perform a virtual disk
expansion on a standard or snapshot repository virtual disk.
Disk Group Expansion
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab.
2 Select a disk group.
3 Select Disk GroupAdd Free Capacity (Physical Disks).
The Add Free Capacity window is displayed. Based on the RAID level, and
the enclosure loss protection of the current disk group, a list of unassigned
physical disks is displayed.
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NOTE: If the RAID level of the disk group is RAID level 5, or RAID level 6, and
the expansion enclosure has enclosure loss protection, Display only physical
disks that ensures enclosure loss protection is displayed and is selected by
default.
4 in the Available physical disks area, select physical disks up to the allowed
maximum number of physical disks.
NOTE: You cannot mix different media types or different interface types
within a single disk group or virtual disk.
5 Click Add.
A message prompts you to confirm your selection.
6 To add the capacity to the disk group, click Yes.
You can also use the Command Line Interface (CLI) on both Windows and
Linux hosts to add free capacity to a disk group.
After the capacity expansion is completed, additional free capacity is available
in the disk group for creation of new virtual disks or expansion of existing
virtual disks.
Virtual Disk Expansion
Virtual disk expansion is a dynamic modification operation that increases the
capacity of standard virtual disks.
NOTE: Snapshot repository virtual disks can be expanded from the CLI or from
MDSM. All other virtual disk types are expandable only from the CLI.
If you receive a warning that the snapshot repository virtual disk is becoming
full, you may expand the snapshot repository virtual disk from MDSM. See
"Snapshot Repository Capacity" on page 159 for step-by-step instructions.
Using Free Capacity
You can increase the capacity of a virtual disk using the free capacity on the
disk group of the standard virtual disk or the snapshot repository virtual disk.
The Free Capacity node, shown in the Logical pane, is a contiguous region of
unassigned capacity on a defined disk group. When increasing virtual disk
capacity, some or all of the free capacity may be used to achieve the required
final capacity. Data on the selected virtual disk remains accessible while the
process for increasing virtual disk capacity is in progress.
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Using Unconfigured Capacity
You can increase the capacity of a standard virtual disk or a snapshot
repository virtual disk using the unconfigured capacity when no free capacity
exists on a disk group. An increase is achieved by adding unconfigured
capacity, in the form of unassigned physical disks to the disk group of the
standard virtual disk or the snapshot repository virtual disk. See "Disk Group
Expansion" on page 138.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Disk Group Migration
Disk group migration allows to you export a disk group so that you can import
the disk group to a different storage array. You can also export a disk group so
that you can store the data offline.
NOTE: During the export process (before the disk group is imported) you lose
access to the data on the exported disk group.
NOTE: You must export a disk group before you move the disk group or import the
disk group.
Export Disk Group
The export disk group operation prepares the physical disks in the disk group
for removal. You can remove the physical disks for offline storage, or you can
import the disk group to a different storage array. After you complete the
export disk group operation, all of the physical disks are offline. Any
associated virtual disks or free capacity nodes are no longer shown in MDSM.
Non-Exportable Components
You must remove or clear any non-exportable settings before you can
complete the export disk group procedure. Remove or clear the following
settings:
• Persistent reservations
• Host-to-virtual disk mappings
• Virtual disk copy pairs
• Snapshot virtual disks and snapshot repository virtual disks
• Remote replication pairs
• Replication repositories
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Exporting a Disk Group
On the source storage array:
1 Save the storage array configuration.
2 Stop all I/O and unmount or disconnect the file systems on the virtual
disks in the disk group.
3 Back up the data on the virtual disks in the disk group.
4 Locate the disk group and label the physical disks.
5 Place the disk group offline.
6 Obtain blank physical disk modules or new physical disks.
On the target storage array:
1 Verify that the target storage array has available physical disk slots.
2 Verify that the target storage array supports the physical disks that you import.
3 Verify that the target storage array can support the new virtual disks.
4 Verify that the latest version of firmware is installed on the RAID
controller module.
Import Disk Group
The import disk group operation adds the imported disk group to the target
storage array. After you complete the import disk group operation, all of the
physical disks have Optimal status. Any associated virtual disks or free
capacity nodes are now shown in MDSM installed on the target storage array.
NOTE: You lose access to your data during the export/import process.
NOTE: You must export a disk group before you move the disk group or import the
disk group.
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Importing a Disk Group
NOTE: You must insert all of the physical disks that are part of the disk group into
the enclosure before the disk group can be imported.
On the target storage array:
1 Insert the exported physical disks into the available physical disk slots.
2 Review the Import Report for an overview of the disk group that you are
importing.
3 Check for non-importable components.
4 Confirm that you want to proceed with the import procedure.
NOTE: Some settings cannot be imported during the import disk group
procedure.
The following settings are removed/cleared during the procedure:
•
Persistent reservations
•
Host-to-virtual disk mappings
•
Virtual disk copy pairs
•
Snapshot virtual disks and snapshot repository virtual disks
•
Remote replication pairs
•
Replication repositories
Non-Importable Components
Some components cannot be imported during the import disk group
procedure. These components are removed during the procedure:
142
•
Persistent reservations
•
Host-to-virtual disk mappings
•
Virtual disk copy pairs
•
Snapshot virtual disks and snapshot repository virtual disks
•
Remote replication pairs
•
Replication repositories
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Storage Array Media Scan
The media scan is a background operation that examines virtual disks to
verify that data is accessible. The process finds media errors before normal
read and write activity is disrupted and reports errors to the event log.
NOTE: You cannot enable background media scans on a virtual disk comprised of
Solid State Disks (SSDs).
Errors discovered by the media scan include:
•
Unrecovered media error—Data could not be read on the first attempt or
on any subsequent attempts. For virtual disks with redundancy protection,
data is reconstructed, rewritten to the physical disk, and verified and the
error is reported to the event log. For virtual disks without redundancy
protection (RAID level 1, RAID level 5, and RAID level 6 virtual disks), the
error is not corrected but is reported to the event log.
•
Recovered media error—Data could not be read by the physical disk on the
first attempt but was successfully read on a subsequent attempt. Data is
rewritten to the physical disk and verified and the error is reported to the
event log.
•
Redundancy mismatches error—The first 10 redundancy mismatches that
are found on the virtual disk are reported to the event log.
•
Unfixable error—Data could not be read and parity or redundancy
information could not be used to regenerate the data. For example,
redundancy information cannot be used to reconstruct the data on a
degraded virtual disk. The error is reported to the event log.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Changing Media Scan Settings
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select any virtual disk.
2 Select Virtual DiskChangeMedia Scan Settings.
The Change Media Scan Settings window is displayed.
3 Deselect Suspend media scan if selected.
4 In Scan duration, enter or select the duration (in days) for the media scan.
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The media scan duration specifies the number of days for which the media
scan runs on the selected virtual disks.
5 To disable media scans on an individual virtual disk, select the virtual disk
in the Select virtual disks to scan area, and deselect Scan selected virtual
disks.
6 To enable media scans on an individual virtual disk, select the virtual disk
in the Select virtual disks to scan area, and select Scan selected virtual
disks.
7 To enable or disable the consistency check, select either With consistency
check or Without consistency check.
NOTE: A consistency check scans the data blocks in a RAID level 5 virtual
disk, or a RAID level 6 virtual disk and checks the consistency information for
each block. A consistency check compares data blocks on RAID level 1
replicated physical disks. RAID level 0 virtual disks have no data consistency.
8 Click OK.
Suspending the Media Scan
You cannot perform a media scan while performing another long-running
operation on the disk drive such as reconstruction, copy-back,
reconfiguration, virtual disk initialization, or immediate availability
formatting. If you want to perform another long-running operation, you must
suspend the media scan.
NOTE: A background media scan is the lowest priority of the long-running
operations.
To suspend a media scan:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select any virtual disk.
2 Select Virtual DiskChangeMedia Scan Settings.
The Change Media Scan Settings window is displayed.
3 Select Suspend media scan.
NOTE: This applies to all the virtual disks on the disk group.
4 Click OK.
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10
Configuration: Premium Feature—
Snapshot Virtual Disks
NOTE: If you ordered this feature, you received a Premium Feature Activation card
shipped in the same box as your Dell PowerVault MD storage array. Follow the
directions on the card to obtain a key file and to enable the feature.
NOTE: The snapshot feature allows up to 16 snapshots per LUN and 256 per array
to be present at the same time.
A snapshot virtual disk is a point-in-time image of a virtual disk in a storage
array. It is not an actual virtual disk containing a copy of the original data; it is
a reference to the data that was contained on a virtual disk at a specific time.
A snapshot virtual disk is the logical equivalent of a complete physical copy.
However, you can create a snapshot virtual disk much faster than a physical
copy, using less disk space.
The virtual disk on which the snapshot is based, called the source virtual disk,
must be a standard virtual disk in your storage array. Typically, you create a
snapshot so that an application, such as a backup application, can access the
snapshot and read the data while the source virtual disk remains online and
accessible.
NOTE: No I/O requests are permitted on the source virtual disk while the virtual
disk snapshot is being created.
A snapshot repository virtual disk containing metadata and copy-on-write
data is automatically created when a snapshot virtual disk is created. The only
data stored in the snapshot repository virtual disk is that which has changed
since the time of the snapshot.
After the snapshot repository virtual disk is created, I/O write requests to the
source virtual disk resume. Before a data block on the source virtual disk is
modified, the contents of the block to be modified are copied to the snapshot
repository virtual disk for safekeeping. Because the snapshot repository virtual
disk stores copies of the original data in those data blocks, further changes to
those data blocks write only to the source virtual disk. The snapshot
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repository uses less disk space than a full physical copy, because the only data
blocks that are stored in the snapshot repository virtual disk are those that
have changed since the time of the snapshot.
When you create a snapshot virtual disk, specify its location, capacity,
schedule, and other parameters. You can disable or delete the snapshot virtual
disk when it is not required. If you disable a snapshot virtual disk, you can recreate and reuse it the next time you perform a backup. For more
information, see "Re-creating Snapshot Virtual Disks" on page 164. If you
delete a snapshot virtual disk, you also delete the associated snapshot
repository virtual disk.
NOTE: Deleting a snapshot does not affect data on the source virtual disk.
NOTE: The following host preparation sections also apply when using the snapshot
feature through the CLI interface.
Scheduling a Snapshot Virtual Disk
When you create a snapshot virtual disk, you can choose whether the
snapshot is created immediately or is created according to a schedule that you
determine. This schedule can be a one-time snapshot creation or an ongoing
snapshot creation that occurs at regularly occurring intervals. If a schedule is
not specified, the snapshot virtual disk creation happens immediately upon
execution of the command.
A schedule can be specified when a snapshot virtual disk is first created, or it
can be added to an existing snapshot virtual disk at any time. One schedule
per snapshot virtual disk is supported.
Common Reasons for Scheduling a Snapshot Virtual Disk
Scheduling a snapshot virtual disk can serve multiple purposes across a data
storage environment. Most common uses of a snapshot scheduler are:
•
Data backups
•
Rapid recovery from a data loss event
A scheduled data backup can protect against data loss on a regular,
unmonitored basis. For example, if an application stores business-critical data
on two virtual disks in the storage array, you may choose to perform an
automatic backup every day. To implement this backup, select the first virtual
disk and create a backup schedule that runs once a day, Monday through
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Friday, at a time between the end of the work day and 11PM. Do not select an
end date. Apply the same schedule to the second virtual disk, then map the
two snapshot virtual disks to your backup host server and perform your
regular backup procedures. Remember to unmap the two resulting snapshot
virtual disks before the next scheduled snapshot begins. If the snapshot
virtual disks are not unmapped, the storage array does not perform the next
scheduled snapshot operation in order to avoid data corruption.
Scheduled snapshots are also valuable in the event of a data loss. For example,
if you back up your data at the end of every work day and keep hourly
snapshots from 8AM to 5PM, data can be recovered from the snapshots in
windows smaller than one hour. To accomplish this type of rapid recovery,
create a schedule that contains a start time of 8AM and an end time of 5PM,
then select 10 snapshots per day on Monday through Friday with no end date.
For more information on creating snapshot virtual disk schedules, see the
following sections on creating snapshots.
Guidelines for Creating Snapshot Schedules
Certain guidelines apply when creating snapshot virtual disk schedules:
•
Scheduled virtual disk snapshot operations do not occur if:
–
The snapshot virtual disk is mapped
–
The storage array is offline or powered off
–
The snapshot virtual disk is in use as a source virtual disk during a
Virtual Disk Copy operation
–
A copy operation is Pending or In progress
•
Deleting a snapshot virtual disk that contains a schedule also deletes the
schedule
•
Snapshot schedules are stored in the configuration database on the storage
array. The Management Station does not need to be running for scheduled
snapshot operations to occur.
•
Snapshot schedules can be created when the snapshot virtual disk is
initially created or can be added to existing snapshot virtual disks.
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Enabling and Disabling Snapshot Schedules
A scheduled snapshot operation can be temporarily suspended by disabling
the schedule. When a schedule is disabled, the schedule timer continues to
run but any scheduled snapshot operation do not occur.
Scheduled Snapshot Icons
Scheduled snapshots are displayed in the AMW using the following icons.
Icon
Description
The schedule is enabled. Scheduled snapshots occurs.
The schedule is disabled. Scheduled snapshots do not occur.
For more information on scheduling snapshots virtual disks, see the
PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics and the CLI
Guide.
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk Using the
Simple Path
You can choose the simple path to create a snapshot virtual disk if the disk
group of the source virtual disk has the required amount of free space. A
snapshot repository virtual disk requires a minimum 8 MB of free capacity.
The destination of a snapshot repository virtual disk is determined based on
the free capacity available in the disk group.
If 8 MB of free capacity is not available in the disk group of the source virtual
disk, the Create Snapshot Virtual Disks feature defaults to the advanced path.
For more information, see "Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk Using the
Advanced Path" on page 152.
In the advanced path option, you can choose to place the snapshot repository
virtual disk in another disk group or you can use unconfigured capacity on the
storage array to create a new disk group.
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About the Simple Path
Using the simple path, you can specify:
•
Snapshot Virtual Disk Name—A user-specified name that helps you
associate the snapshot virtual disk to its corresponding snapshot repository
virtual disk and source virtual disk.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Name—A user-specified name that
helps you associate the snapshot repository virtual disk to its corresponding
snapshot virtual disk and source virtual disk.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Capacity—The snapshot repository
virtual disk capacity is expressed as a percentage of the source virtual disk
capacity (maximum 220 percent).
•
Schedule—Creates the snapshot virtual disk at a specified time, or
according to a regularly occurring interval. If no schedule is specified, the
snapshot operation begins immediately. This parameter can also be used to
apply a schedule to an existing snapshot virtual disk.
Using the simple path, the following defaults are used for the other
parameters of a snapshot virtual disk:
•
Capacity Allocation—The snapshot repository virtual disk is created using
free capacity on the same disk group where the source virtual disk resides.
•
Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping—The default setting is Map now.
•
Percent Full—When the snapshot repository virtual disk reaches the
specified repository full percentage level, the event is logged in the Major
Event Log (MEL). The default snapshot repository full percentage level is
50% of the source virtual disk.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Full Conditions—When the snapshot
repository virtual disk is full, you are given a choice of failing write activity
to the source virtual disk or failing the snapshot virtual disk.
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Preparing Host Servers to Create the Snapshot Using the Simple Path
NOTE: Before using the Snapshot Virtual Disks Premium Feature in a Microsoft
Windows clustered configuration, you must first map the snapshot virtual disk to
the cluster node that owns the source virtual disk. This ensures that the cluster
nodes correctly recognize the snapshot virtual disk.
NOTE: Mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the node that does not own the source
virtual disk before the Snapshot enabling process is completed can result in the
operating system mis-identifying the snapshot virtual disk. This, in turn, can result in
data loss on the source virtual disk or an inaccessible snapshot.
NOTE: For more information on mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the secondary
node, see the Dell PowerVault MD3600f and MD3620f Storage Arrays With
Microsoft Windows Server Failover Clusters at dell.com/support/manuals.
NOTE: You can create concurrent snapshots of a source virtual disk on both the
source disk group and on another disk group.
Before creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk:
•
The following types of virtual disks are not valid source virtual disks:
–
Snapshot repository virtual disks
–
Snapshot virtual disks
–
Replication repository virtual disks
–
Target virtual disks that are participating in a virtual disk copy
NOTE: Virtual Disk Copy is an Advanced (Premium) feature.
•
You cannot create a snapshot of a virtual disk that contains unreadable
sectors.
•
You must satisfy the requirements of your host operating system for
creating snapshot virtual disks. Failure to meet the requirements of your
host operating system results in an inaccurate snapshot of the source
virtual disk or the target virtual disk in a virtual disk copy.
NOTE: Before you create a new snapshot of a source virtual disk, stop any
data access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk to
ensure that you capture an accurate snapshot of the source virtual disk. Close
all applications, including Windows Internet Explorer, to ensure all I/O activity
has stopped.
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NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows
or unmounting the virtual drive in Linux helps to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the Snapshot.
Before creating a snapshot virtual disk, the host server has to be in the proper
state. To ensure that the host server is properly prepared to create a snapshot
virtual disk, you can either use an application to carry out this task, or you can
perform the following steps:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source.
2 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select a valid source virtual disk.
3 Select Virtual DiskSnapshotCreate.
or
Right-click the source virtual disk and select Create Snapshot Virtual Disk
from the pop-up menu.
The Create Snapshot Virtual Disk Wizard - Introduction dialog is
displayed.
4 Select Simple (Recommended) and click Next.
The Specify Snapshot Schedule window is displayed.
5 Choose Yes to set up a schedule for the new snapshot virtual disk creation.
To skip this option and create the snapshot immediately, choose No.
6 If you specified a snapshot schedule, define the schedule details in the
Create Snapshot Schedule window and click Next.
7 Enter the Snapshot virtual disk name and the Snapshot repository virtual
disk name and click Next.
The Specify Snapshot Repository Capacity window is displayed.
8 Enter the snapshot repository virtual disks capacity as a percentage of the
source virtual disks capacity and click Next.
The Preview window containing the summary of the snapshot virtual disk
is displayed.
9 Click Finish.
The Completed window is displayed.
10 Click OK.
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After creating one or more snapshot virtual disks, mount the source virtual
disk, and restart the host application using that source virtual disk.
11 In the AMW, select the Mappings tab, assign mappings between the
snapshot virtual disk and the host that accesses the snapshot virtual disk.
NOTE: In some cases, conflicts may result from mapping the same host to
both a source virtual disk and its associated snapshot virtual disk. This
conflict depends on the host operating system and any virtual disk manager
software in use.
12 To register the snapshot virtual disk with the host operating system, run
the host-based hot_add utility.
13 To associate the mapping between the storage array name and the virtual
disk name, run the host-based SMdevices utility.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find
those instructions in your operating system documentation.
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk Using the
Advanced Path
About the Advanced Path
Use the advanced path to choose whether to place the snapshot repository
virtual disk on free capacity or unconfigured capacity and to change the
snapshot repository virtual disk parameters. You can select the advanced path
regardless of whether you use free capacity or unconfigured capacity for the
snapshot virtual disk.
Using the advanced path, you can specify the following parameters for your
snapshot virtual disk:
152
•
Snapshot Virtual Disk Name—A user-specified name that helps you
associate the snapshot virtual disk to its corresponding snapshot repository
virtual disk and source virtual disk.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Name—A user-specified name that
helps you associate the snapshot repository virtual disk to its corresponding
snapshot virtual disk and source virtual disk.
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•
Capacity Allocation—This parameter allows you to choose where to create
the snapshot repository virtual disk. You can allocate capacity by using one
of the following methods:
–
Use free capacity on the same disk group where the source virtual
disk resides.
–
Use free capacity on another disk group.
–
Use unconfigured capacity and create a new disk group for the
snapshot repository virtual disk.
–
Dell recommends placing the snapshot repository virtual disk within
the disk group of the source virtual disk. This ensures that if drives
associated with the disk group are moved to another storage array, all
the virtual disks associated with the snapshot virtual disk remain in
the same group.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Capacity—The snapshot repository
virtual disk capacity is expressed as a percentage of the source virtual disk
capacity (maximum 220 percent).
•
Percent Full—When the snapshot repository virtual disk reaches the userspecified repository full percentage level, the event is logged in the Major
Event Log (MEL). The default snapshot repository full percentage level is
50% of the source virtual disk.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Full Conditions—Choose whether to
fail writes to the source virtual disk or fail the snapshot virtual disk when
the snapshot repository virtual disk becomes full.
•
Host-to-Virtual Disk Mapping—Choose whether to map the snapshot
virtual disk to a host or host group now or to map the snapshot virtual disk
later. The default setting is Map later.
•
Schedule—Creates the snapshot virtual disk at a specified time, or
according to a regularly occurring interval. If no schedule is specified, the
snapshot operation begins immediately. This parameter can also be used to
apply a schedule to an existing snapshot virtual disk.
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Preparing Host Servers to Create the Snapshot Using the Advanced Path
NOTE: Before using the Snapshot Virtual Disks Premium Feature in a Microsoft
Windows clustered configuration, you must first map the snapshot virtual disk to
the cluster node that owns the source virtual disk. This ensures that the cluster
nodes correctly recognize the snapshot virtual disk.
NOTE: Mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the node that does not own the source
virtual disk before the Snapshot enabling process is completed can result in the
operating system mis-identifying the snapshot virtual disk. This, in turn, can result in
data loss on the source virtual disk or an inaccessible snapshot.
NOTE: For more information on mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the secondary
node, see the Dell PowerVault MD3200 and MD3220 Storage Arrays With Microsoft
Windows Server Failover Clusters at dell.com/support/manuals.
The destination of a snapshot repository virtual disk is determined based on
the free capacity available in the disk group. A snapshot repository virtual disk
requires a minimum 8 MB of free capacity. You can choose your preferred
creation path—simple or advanced—if the disk group of the source virtual
disk has the required amount of free space.
If 8 MB of free capacity is not available in the disk group of the source virtual
disk, the Create Snapshot Virtual Disks feature defaults to the advanced
path see "Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk Using the Advanced Path" on
page 152. In the advanced path option, you can choose to place the snapshot
repository virtual disk in another disk group or you can use unconfigured
capacity on the storage array to create a new disk group.
NOTE: You can create concurrent snapshots of a source virtual disk on both the
source disk group and on another disk group.
Remember the following guidelines before creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk:
•
The following types of virtual disks are not valid source virtual disks:
–
Snapshot repository virtual disks.
–
Snapshot virtual disks.
–
Replication repository virtual disks.
–
Target virtual disks that are participating in a virtual disk copy.
NOTE: Virtual Disk Copy is an Advanced (Premium) feature.
•
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You cannot create a snapshot of a virtual disk that contains
unreadable sectors.
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•
You must satisfy the requirements of your host operating system for
creating snapshot virtual disks. Failure to meet the requirements of your
host operating system results in an inaccurate snapshot of the source
virtual disk or the target virtual disk in a virtual disk copy.
NOTE: Before you create a new snapshot of a source virtual disk, stop any data
access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk to ensure that
you capture an accurate snapshot of the source virtual disk. Close all applications,
including Windows Internet Explorer, to ensure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux helps to guarantee a stable copy of the drive
for the Snapshot.
Before creating a snapshot virtual disk, the host server must be in the proper
state. To prepare your host server:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source.
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to the source. At the host
prompt, type SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier> and
press <Enter>. For more information, see "SMrepassist Utility" on
page 289.
3 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source in Windows or unmount the
virtual drive(s) in Linux to help guarantee a stable copy of the drive for the
Snapshot. If this is not done, the snapshot operation reports that it has
completed successfully, but the snapshot data is not updated properly.
NOTE: Verify that the virtual disk has a status of Optimal or Disabled by
clicking the Summary tab and then clicking Disk Groups & Virtual Disks.
4 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to
follow these additional instructions can create unusable snapshot virtual
disks.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find those
instructions in your operating system documentation.
After your host server is prepared, see "Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk
Using the Advanced Path" on page 152 to create the snapshot using the
advanced path.
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If you want to use a snapshot regularly, such as for backups, use the Disable
Snapshot and Re-create Snapshot options to reuse the snapshot. Disabling
and re-creating snapshots preserves the existing virtual disk-to-host mappings
to the snapshot virtual disk.
Creating the Snapshot Using the Advanced Path
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux helps to guarantee a stable copy of the drive
for the Snapshot.
After first preparing the host server(s) as specified in the preceding procedure,
complete the following steps to create a virtual disk snapshot using the
advanced path:
1 Stop the host application accessing the source virtual disk, and unmount
the source virtual disk.
2 In the AMW, select the Logical tab, select a valid source virtual disk.
3 Select Virtual Disk SnapshotCreate.
or
4 Right-click the source virtual disk and select Create Snapshot Virtual Disk
from the pop-up menu.
The Create Snapshot Virtual Disk Wizard - Introduction dialog is
displayed.
5 Select Advanced, and click Next.
The Specify Names window is displayed.
6 Enter the Snapshot visual disk name and the Snapshot repository virtual
disk name and click Next.
The Allocate Capacity window is displayed.
7 In the Capacity allocation area, select:
•
Free capacity on same disk group as base (recommended)
•
Free capacity on different disk group
•
Unconfigured capacity (create new disk group)
8 Enter the snapshot repository virtual disks capacity as a percentage of the
source virtual disks capacity and click Next.
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The Specify Virtual Disk Parameters window is displayed.
9 In the Snapshot virtual disk parameters area, select the relevant mapping
option, you can select:
•
Automatic
•
Map later
10 In the Snapshot repository virtual disk parameters area, enter the system
behavior when:
•
The snapshot repository virtual disk is full to the selected
percentage level.
•
The snapshot repository virtual disk is full.
11 Click Next.
The Preview window containing the summary of the snapshot virtual disk
is displayed.
12 Click Finish.
The Completed window is displayed.
13 Click OK.
14 In the Mappings tab, assign mappings between the snapshot virtual disk
and the host that accesses the snapshot virtual disk.
15 To register the snapshot virtual disk with the host operating system, run
the host-based hot_add utility.
16 To associate the mapping between the storage array name and the virtual
disk name, run the host-based SMdevices utility.
Specifying Snapshot Virtual Disk Names
Choose a name that helps you associate the snapshot virtual disk and
snapshot repository virtual disk with its corresponding source virtual disk. The
following information is useful when naming virtual disks:
By default, the snapshot name is shown in the Snapshot virtual disk name
field as:
<source-virtual disk-name>—<sequence-number>
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where sequence-number is the chronological number of the snapshot
relative to the source virtual disk.
The default name for the associated snapshot repository virtual disk that is
shown in the Snapshot repository virtual disk field is:
<source-virtual disk-name>—R<sequence-number>
For example, if you are creating the first snapshot virtual disk for a source
virtual disk called Accounting, the default snapshot virtual disk is
Accounting-1, and the associated snapshot repository virtual disk default
name is Accounting-R1. The default name of the next snapshot virtual disk
you create based on Accounting is Accounting-2, with the corresponding
snapshot repository virtual disk named as Accounting-R2 by default.
158
•
Whether you use the software-supplied sequence number that (by
default) populates the Snapshot virtual disk name or the Snapshot
repository virtual disk name field, the next default name for a snapshot or
snapshot repository virtual disk still uses the sequence number determined
by the software. For example, if you give the first snapshot of source virtual
disk Accounting the name Accounting-8, and do not use the softwaresupplied sequence number of 1, the default name for the next snapshot of
Accounting is still Accounting-2.
•
The next available sequence number is based on the number of existing
snapshots of a source virtual disk. If you delete a snapshot virtual disk, its
sequence number becomes available again.
•
You must choose a unique name for the snapshot virtual disk and the
snapshot repository virtual disks, or an error message is displayed.
•
Names are limited to 30 characters. After you reach this limit in either the
snapshot virtual disk name or the Snapshot repository virtual disk name
fields, you can no longer type in the field. If the source virtual disk is 30
characters, the default names for the snapshot and its associated snapshot
repository virtual disk use the source virtual disk name truncated enough
to add the sequence string. For example, for Host Software Engineering
Group GR-1, the default snapshot name is Host Software Engineering GR1, and the default repository name would be Host Software Engineering
GR-R1.
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Snapshot Repository Capacity
If you receive a warning that the capacity for the snapshot repository virtual
disk is approaching its threshold, you can increase the capacity of a snapshot
repository virtual disk by using one of the following methods:
•
Use the free capacity available on the disk group of the snapshot repository
virtual disk.
•
Add unconfigured capacity to the disk group of the snapshot repository
virtual disk. Use this option when no free capacity exists on the disk group.
You cannot increase the storage capacity of a snapshot repository virtual disk
if the snapshot repository virtual disk has any one of the following conditions:
•
The virtual disk has one or more hot spare drives in use.
•
The virtual disk has a status other than Optimal.
•
Any virtual disk in the disk group is in any state of modification.
•
The controller that has ownership of this virtual disk is currently adding
capacity to another virtual disk. Each controller can add capacity to only
one virtual disk at a time.
•
No free capacity exists in the disk group.
•
No unconfigured capacity is available to add to the disk group.
NOTE: You can add a maximum of two physical disks at one time to increase
snapshot repository virtual disk capacity.
To expand the snapshot repository virtual disk:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab.
2 Select the snapshot repository virtual disk for which you want to increase
the capacity.
3 Select Virtual DiskIncrease Capacity.
NOTE: If no free capacity or unconfigured capacity is available, the Increase
Capacity option is disabled.
The Increase Snapshot Repository Capacity window displays the Virtual
disk attributes. The snapshot repository virtual disk name, the associated
snapshot virtual disk name, the associated source virtual disk capacity and
name, the current capacity, and the amount of free capacity that is
available for the selected snapshot repository virtual disk is displayed. If
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free capacity is available, the maximum free space is displayed in the
Increase capacity by field.
If free capacity does not exist on the disk group, the free space that is
displayed in the Increase capacity by spinner box is 0. You must add
physical disks to create free capacity on the disk group.
4 To increase capacity of the snapshot repository virtual disk, use one of
these methods:
•
Use the free capacity on the disk group of the snapshot repository
virtual disk – Go to step 5.
•
Add unconfigured capacity, or physical disks to the disk group of the
snapshot repository virtual disk – Go to step 7.
5 In Increase capacity by, enter or select the appropriate capacity.
6 Click OK.
The Logical tab is updated. The snapshot repository virtual disk having its
capacity increased shows a status of Operation in Progress. In addition,
the snapshot repository virtual disk shows its original capacity and the total
capacity being added. The virtual disk involved shows a reduction in
capacity. If all of the free capacity is used to increase the size of the virtual
disk, the Free Capacity node involved is removed from the Logical tab.
7 If unassigned physical disks are not available, do you have empty slots in
the expansion enclosures?
•
Yes, there are empty slots—Insert new physical disks by using the
information in the initial setup guide for your expansion enclosure. Go
to step 9.
•
No, there are no empty slots—Install another expansion enclosure and
additional physical disks. Use the information in the initial setup
guides for your RAID controller module and your expansion enclosure.
Go to step 9.
NOTE: The physical disks that you add must be of the same media type and
interface type as the physical disks that already make up the disk group of the
snapshot repository virtual disk.
8 Click Add Physical Disks.
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NOTE: The physical disks that is displayed has a capacity that is either the
same size or larger than the capacity of the physical disks already being used
by the disk group.
9 Select either a single physical disk to add or two physical disks to add.
10 Click Add.
The Add Physical Disks window closes.
11 Check the Physical Disks to add [enclosure, slot] area to ensure that the
correct physical disks are added.
12 Either accept the final capacity, or enter or select the appropriate capacity
in Increase capacity by field.
13 Click OK.
The Logical tab is updated. The snapshot repository virtual disk that is
having its capacity increased shows a status of Operation in Progress. In
addition, the snapshot repository virtual disk shows its original capacity
and the total capacity being added. The Free Capacity node involved in
the increase shows a reduction in capacity. If all of the free capacity is used
to increase the size of the virtual disk, the Free Capacity node involved is
removed from the Logical tab.
A new Free Capacity node is created and shown in the Logical tab if these
conditions exist:
•
A Free Capacity node did not exist prior to the addition of capacity.
•
Not all of the capacity that is added is used to increase the capacity of
the snapshot repository virtual disk.
On the Physical tab, the unassigned physical disks or unconfigured
capacity that you added to increase the capacity of the snapshot repository
virtual disk change to assigned physical disks. The new assigned physical
disks are associated with the disk group of the snapshot repository virtual
disk.
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Disabling a Snapshot Virtual Disk
Disable a snapshot virtual disk if:
•
You do not need the snapshot now.
•
You intend to re-create the snapshot at a later time and want to retain the
associated snapshot repository virtual disk so that you do not need to
create it again.
•
You want to maximize storage array performance by stopping copy-onwrite activity to the snapshot repository virtual disk.
NOTE: If you do not intend to re-create the snapshot virtual disk at a later time, in
the Logical pane, select the snapshot virtual disk, and select Virtual DiskDelete
to remove it. The associated snapshot repository virtual disk is also removed. For
more information on removing a snapshot virtual disk, see the PowerVault Modular
Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
NOTE: The SMdevices utility displays the snapshot virtual disk in its output, even
after the snapshot virtual disk is disabled.
To disable a snapshot virtual disk:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab, select the snapshot virtual disk, and
select Virtual DiskSnapshotDisable.
2 In the text box, type yes and click OK.
The snapshot virtual disk is disabled. The associated snapshot repository
virtual disk does not change status. The copy-on-write activity to the
snapshot repository virtual disk stops until the snapshot virtual disk is recreated.
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Preparing Host Servers to Re-create a Snapshot Virtual Disk
NOTE: Before you create a new snapshot of a source virtual disk, stop any data
access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk and
snapshot virtual disk to ensure that you capture an accurate snapshot of the source
virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet Explorer, to ensure
all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux helps to guarantee a stable copy of the drive
for the Snapshot.
Before re-creating a snapshot virtual disk, both the host server and the
associated virtual disk you are re-creating have to be in the proper state.
To prepare your host server and virtual disk:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source and snapshot virtual disk (if mounted).
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to both the source and the
snapshot virtual disk (if mounted). At the host prompt, type
SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier>
and press <Enter>. For more information, see "SMrepassist Utility" on
page 289.
3 Click the Summary tab, then click Disk Groups & Virtual Disks to ensure
that the snapshot virtual disk is in Optimal or Disabled status.
4 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source and (if mounted) snapshot virtual
disk in Windows or unmount the virtual drive(s) in Linux to help
guarantee a stable copy of the drive for the Snapshot. If this is not done,
the snapshot operation reports that it has completed successfully, but the
snapshot data is not updated properly.
5 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to follow
these additional instructions can create unusable snapshot virtual disks.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find those
instructions in your operating system documentation.
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Re-creating Snapshot Virtual Disks
You can re-create a snapshot virtual disk that you have previously disabled.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data redundancy – If the snapshot virtual disk is in
Optimal status, it is first disabled prior to being re-created. This action invalidates
the current snapshot.
Keep these important guidelines in mind when you re-create a snapshot
virtual disk:
•
To re-create the snapshot virtual disks correctly, follow the instructions for
your operating system.
NOTE: Failing to follow these additional instructions could create unusable
snapshot virtual disks. For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk
Storage Manager online help topics.
•
To use this option, the snapshot virtual disk must be either in an Optimal
status or Disabled status.
•
When using this option, the previously configured snapshot name
parameters and snapshot repository virtual disk are used.
To recreate the snapshot virtual disk:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab, select a snapshot virtual disk.
2 Select Virtual DiskSnapshotRe-create.
3 Type yes, and click OK.
Snapshot Rollback
The snapshot rollback feature allows you to revert the contents of a virtual
disk to match a point-in-time image existing on a snapshot virtual disk.
During a rollback, the host server can still write data to the base virtual disk.
However, the snapshot virtual disk is set as read-only during the rollback
operation and becomes available for write operations immediately after the
rollback is complete. The snapshot virtual disk cannot be restarted, deleted,
or disabled during the rollback operation.
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The associated snapshot repository virtual disk must have sufficient capacity
to process the rollback operation and the write operations from the host. At
most, the snapshot repository virtual disk may need twice the size of the base
disk, plus additional metadata space equaling approximately 1/1000th (that
is, 0.1%) of the Base volume capacity.
NOTE: Due to host server write operations, the content in the snapshot virtual disk
may have changed since creation of the snapshot. The rollback operation includes
any changes made to the snapshot after it was created.
You can set priority for a rollback operation. Higher priority allocates more
system resources for the rollback operation and affects overall system
performance.
Rules and Guidelines for Performing a Snapshot Rollback
The following rules and guidelines apply to performing a snapshot rollback:
•
Rolling back a base virtual disk to a snapshot virtual disk does not affect
the contents of the snapshot virtual disks.
•
Only one snapshot rollback operation can be performed at a time.
•
While a base virtual disk that is undergoing a rollback, you cannot create a
new snapshot virtual disks from that base virtual disk.
•
A snapshot rollback cannot be started while any of these operations are
underway:
–
Virtual Disk Capacity Expansion
–
Virtual Disk Expansion (VDE)
–
RAID Level Migration
–
Segment Size Migration
–
Virtual Disk Copy
–
Role Reversal (in remote replication)
•
If the base virtual disk is a secondary virtual disk in a remote replication,
you cannot perform a snapshot rollback.
•
If any capacity used in the associated snapshot repository virtual disk
contains unreadable sectors, the snapshot rollback fails.
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If an error occurs during the rollback, the operation is paused and the base
virtual disk and snapshot virtual disk displays Needs Attention icons. The
RAID controller module also logs the event to the Major Event Log (MEL).
Follow the Recovery Guru procedure to correct the error and repeat the
rollback operation.
WARNING: Risk of data loss: If you cancel a snapshot rollback in progress, the
base virtual disk may remain in an unusable state and the snapshot virtual disk is
displayed as failed in the MD storage management software. Therefore, do not
cancel a snapshot rollback unless reliable recovery options exist for restoring the
content of the base virtual disk.
Command Line Options
Optionally, you also can use the command line interface (CLI) to start,
cancel, resume or modify priority of a snapshot rollback. For more
information, see the CLI Guide.
Protecting Against a Failed Snapshot Rollback
To protect your base virtual disk data, it is recommended that you create a
new snapshot virtual disk from the base virtual disk before beginning a
rollback operation. If the snapshot rollback fails, use this new snapshot virtual
disk to restore your base virtual disk.
Previous Versions of the MD Storage Manager
Snapshot virtual disks created using previous versions of MD Storage
Manager that did not support snapshot rollback do not have to be recreated
or changed to be used in a subsequent rollback operation. Once the latest
versions of the MD storage management software and RAID controller
module firmware are installed, snapshot virtual disks created under previous
versions support the snapshot rollback feature. However, if you revert to an
older version of the MD storage management software after you have
performed a snapshot rollback, the older MD storage management software
does not support the snapshot virtual disk.
Starting a Snapshot Rollback
To start a snapshot rollback:
1 In the array management window, select the Logical tab.
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2 Choose one:
•
Select the snapshot virtual disk, and select Virtual Disk Snapshot
Rollback.
•
Right-click the snapshot virtual disk and select Rollback.
The Confirm Rollback Snapshot Virtual Disk dialog is displayed.
3 In the Select rollback priority area, use the slider bar to set rollback priority.
NOTE: If priority is set at the lowest rate, normal data write activity is highest
priority and the rollback operation takes longer to complete. If the priority is at
the highest rate, the rollback operation is highest priority and data write
activity is reduced.
4 To start the snapshot rollback, type yes in the confirmation box and click
OK.
Rollback status is shown in the Properties pane for the base virtual disk
and snapshot virtual disk.
Resuming a Snapshot Rollback
If an error occurs during the snapshot rollback and the operation is paused,
you can resume the rollback using the following steps:
1 In the array management window, select the Logical tab.
2 Choose one:
•
Select the snapshot virtual disk, and select Virtual Disk Snapshot
Resume Rollback.
•
Right-click the snapshot virtual disk and select Resume Rollback.
The Resume Rollback dialog is displayed.
3 Click OK.
If the snapshot rollback resumed successfully, status is displayed in Properties
pane of the base virtual disk or snapshot virtual disk.
If the snapshot rollback did not resume successfully, the rollback operation
pauses again and both virtual disks display Needs Attention icons. Check the
Major Event Log (MEL) for details and follow the Recovery Guru procedure
to correct the issue.
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Canceling a Snapshot Rollback
WARNING: Risk of data loss: If you cancel a snapshot rollback in progress, the
base virtual disk may remain in an unusable state and the snapshot virtual disk is
displayed as failed in the MD storage management software. Therefore, do not
cancel a snapshot rollback unless reliable recovery options exist for restoring the
content of the base virtual disk.
1 In the array management window, select the Logical tab.
2 Choose one:
•
Select the snapshot virtual disk, and select Virtual Disk Snapshot
Cancel Rollback.
•
Right-click the snapshot virtual disk and select Cancel Rollback.
The Confirm Cancel Rollback dialog is displayed.
3 To cancel the snapshot rollback, type yes in the confirmation box and
click OK.
4 Click Yes to cancel the rollback operation.
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12
Configuration: Premium Feature—
Upgrading to High–Performance
Tier
The High Performance Tier premium feature on an MD3600f Series array
increases the performance of the system beyond that of an MD3600f Series
array operating at the standard performance level.
If this feature is ordered, a Premium Feature Activation card is placed in the
box with the storage array. After reading the information below, follow the
instructions on the card to obtain a key file and enable the feature.
CAUTION: Loss of data access – The storage array automatically restarts when
the High-Performance-Tier feature is enabled or disabled. During the restart, data
is unavailable. Data availability is restored when the array restarts.
To upgrade from a standard-performance-tier storage array to a highperformance-tier storage array, you enable the high-performance-tier
premium feature, using the Dell PowerVault Modular Disk Storage
Management (MDSM) software.
When the high performance tier feature is enabled or disabled the array
restarts. During this time data access and management access to the
controller is temporarily lost.
It is recommended that all I/O to the array be stopped before this feature is
enabled or disabled.
While the array is restarting, the state of the array in the MDSM application
may change from Optimal to Unresponsive. When the restart completes the
status returns to Optimal.
When the array status returns to Optimal, I/O to the array can be restarted.
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11
Configuration: Premium Feature—
Virtual Disk Copy
NOTE: A virtual disk copy overwrites data on the target virtual disk. Before starting
a virtual disk copy, ensure that you no longer need the data or back up the data on
the target virtual disk.
NOTE: If you ordered this feature, you received a Premium Feature Activation card
that shipped in the same box as your Dell PowerVault MD storage array. Follow the
directions on the card to obtain a key file and to enable the feature.
NOTE: The preferred method for creating a virtual disk copy is to copy from a
snapshot virtual disk. This allows the original virtual disk used in the snapshot
operation to remain fully available for read/write activity while the snapshot is used
as the source for the virtual disk copy operation.
When you create a virtual disk copy, you create a copy pair that has a source
virtual disk and a target virtual disk on the same storage array.
The source virtual disk is the virtual disk that contains the data you want to
copy. The source virtual disk accepts the host I/O read activity and stores the
data until it is copied to the target virtual disk. The source virtual disk can be
a standard virtual disk, a snapshot virtual disk, or the source virtual disk of a
snapshot virtual disk. When you start a virtual disk copy, all data is copied to
the target virtual disk, and the source virtual disk permissions are set to readonly until the virtual disk copy is complete.
The target virtual disk is a virtual disk to which you copy data from the source
virtual disk. The target virtual disk can be a standard virtual disk, or the
source virtual disk of a failed or disabled snapshot virtual disk.
After the virtual disk copy is complete, the source virtual disk becomes
available to host applications for write requests. To prevent error messages, do
not attempt to access a source virtual disk that is participating in a virtual disk
copy while the virtual disk copy is in progress.
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Reasons to use virtual disk copy include:
•
Copying data for improved access—As your storage requirements for a
virtual disk change, you can use a virtual disk copy to copy data to a virtual
disk in a disk group that uses drives with larger capacity within the same
storage array. Copying data for larger access capacity enables you to move
data to greater capacity physical disks (for example, 61 GB to 146 GB).
•
Restoring snapshot virtual disk data to the source virtual disk—The Virtual
Disk Copy feature enables you first to restore the data from a snapshot
virtual disk and then to copy the data from the snapshot virtual disk to the
original source virtual disk.
•
Creating a backup copy—The Virtual Disk Copy feature enables you to
create a backup of a virtual disk by copying data from one virtual disk (the
source virtual disk) to another virtual disk (the target virtual disk) in the
same storage array, minimizing the time that the source virtual disk is
unavailable to host write activity. You can then use the target virtual disk as
a backup for the source virtual disk, as a resource for system testing, or to
copy data to another device, such as a tape drive or other media.
NOTE: Recovering from a backup copy — You can use the Edit Host-to-Virtual Disk
Mappings feature to recover data from the backup virtual disk you created in the
previous procedure. The Mappings option enables you to unmap the source virtual
disk from its host and then to map the backup virtual disk to the same host.
Types of Virtual Disk Copies
You can perform either offline or online virtual disk copies. To ensure data
integrity, all I/O to the target virtual disk is suspended during either type of
virtual disk copy operation. After the virtual disk copy is complete, the target
virtual disk automatically becomes read-only to the hosts.
Offline Copy
An offline copy reads data from the source virtual disk and copies it to a target
virtual disk, while suspending all updates to the source virtual disk when the
copy is in progress. In an offline virtual disk copy, the relationship is between a
source virtual disk and a target virtual disk. Source virtual disks that are
participating in an offline copy are available for read requests, while the
virtual disk copy displays the In Progress or Pending status. Write requests
are allowed only after the offline copy is complete. If the source virtual disk is
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formatted with a journaling file system, any attempt to issue a read request to
the source virtual disk may be rejected by the storage array RAID controller
modules and result in an error message. Make sure that the Read-Only
attribute for the target virtual disk is disabled after the virtual disk copy is
complete to prevent error messages from being displayed.
Online Copy
An online copy creates a point-in-time snapshot copy of any virtual disk
within a storage array, while still allowing writes to the virtual disk when the
copy is in progress. This is achieved by creating a snapshot of the virtual disk
and using that snapshot as the actual source virtual disk for the copy. In an
online virtual disk copy, the relationship is between a snapshot virtual disk
and a target virtual disk. The virtual disk for which the point-in-time image is
created (the source virtual disk) must be a standard virtual disk in the storage
array.
A snapshot virtual disk and a snapshot repository virtual disk are created
during the online copy operation. The snapshot virtual disk is not an actual
virtual disk containing data; instead, it is a reference to the data contained on
the virtual disk at a specific time. For each snapshot taken, a snapshot
repository virtual disk is created to hold the copy-on-write data for the
snapshot. The snapshot repository virtual disk is used only to manage the
snapshot image.
Before a data block on the source virtual disk is modified, the contents of the
block to be modified are copied to the snapshot repository virtual disk.
Because the snapshot repository virtual disk stores copies of the original data
in those data blocks, further changes to those data blocks write only to the
source virtual disk.
NOTE: If the snapshot virtual disk that is used as the copy source is active, the
source virtual disk performance degrades due to copy-on-write operations. When
the copy is complete, the snapshot is disabled and the source virtual disk
performance is restored. Although the snapshot is disabled, the repository
infrastructure and copy relationship remain intact.
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Creating a Virtual Disk Copy for an MSCS Shared
Disk
To create a virtual disk copy for a Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) shared
disk, create a snapshot of the virtual disk, and then use the snapshot virtual
disk as the source for the virtual disk copy.
NOTE: An attempt to directly create a virtual disk copy for an MSCS shared disk,
rather than using a snapshot virtual disk, fails with the following error:
The operation cannot complete because the selected
virtual disk is not a source virtual disk
candidate.
NOTE: When creating a snapshot virtual disk, map the snapshot virtual disk to only
one node in the cluster. Mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the host group or both
nodes in the cluster may cause data corruption by allowing both nodes to
concurrently access data.
Virtual Disk Read/Write Permissions
After the virtual disk copy is complete, the target virtual disk automatically
becomes read-only to the hosts. The target virtual disk rejects read and write
requests while the virtual disk copy operation has a status of Pending or In
Progress or if the operation fails before completing the copy. Keep the target
virtual disk Read-Only enabled if you want to preserve the data on the target
virtual disk for reasons such as the following:
•
If you are using the target virtual disk for backup purposes.
•
If you are using the data on the target virtual disk to copy back to the
source virtual disk of a disabled or failed snapshot virtual disk.
If you decide not to preserve the data on the target virtual disk after the
virtual disk copy is complete, change the write protection setting for the
target virtual disk to Read/Write.
To set the target virtual disk read/write permissions:
1 In the AMW, select Virtual DiskCopy Manager.
The Copy Manager window is displayed.
2 Select one or more copy pairs in the table.
3 Perform one of these actions:
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•
To enable Read-Only permission, select ChangeTarget Virtual Disk
PermissionsEnable Read-Only.
NOTE: Write requests to the target virtual disk are rejected when the ReadOnly permission is enabled on the target virtual disk.
•
To disable Read-Only permission, select ChangeTarget Virtual
Disk PermissionsDisable Read-Only.
Virtual Disk Copy Restrictions
Before you perform any virtual disk copy tasks, understand and adhere to the
restrictions listed in this section. The restrictions apply to the source virtual
disk, the target virtual disk, and the storage array.
•
While a virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress, Pending, or Failed,
the source virtual disk is available for read I/O activity only. After the
virtual disk copy is complete, read and write I/O activity to the source
virtual disk are permitted.
•
A virtual disk can be selected as a target virtual disk for only one virtual
disk copy at a time.
•
A virtual disk copy for any virtual disk cannot be mounted on the same
host as the source virtual disk.
•
Windows does not allow a drive letter to be assigned to a virtual disk copy.
•
A virtual disk with a Failed status cannot be used as a source virtual disk or
target virtual disk.
•
A virtual disk with a Degraded status cannot be used as a target
virtual disk.
•
A virtual disk participating in a modification operation cannot be selected
as a source virtual disk or target virtual disk. Modification operations
include the following:
–
Capacity expansion
–
RAID-level migration
–
Segment sizing
–
Virtual disk expansion
–
Defragmenting a virtual disk
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NOTE: The following host preparation sections also apply when using the virtual
disk copy feature through the CLI interface.
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy
Source virtual disks that are participating in a virtual disk copy are available
for read I/O activity only while a virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress or
Pending. Write requests are allowed after the virtual disk copy has completed.
If the source virtual disk is formatted with a journaling file system, any
attempt to issue a read request to the source virtual disk may be rejected by
the storage array, and an error message may be displayed. The journaling file
system driver issues a write request before it attempts to issue the read
request. The storage array rejects the write request, and the read request may
not be issued due to the rejected write request. This condition may result in
an error message being displayed, which indicates that the source virtual disk
is write protected.
To prevent this issue from occurring, do not attempt to access a source virtual
disk that is participating in a virtual disk copy while the virtual disk copy has a
status of In Progress. Also, ensure that the Read-Only attribute for the target
virtual disk is disabled after the virtual disk copy has completed to prevent
error messages from being displayed.
The Virtual Disk Copy premium feature includes:
•
The Create Copy Wizard, which assists in creating a virtual disk copy
•
The Copy Manager, which monitors virtual disk copies after they are
created
Before You Begin
A virtual disk copy fails all snapshot virtual disks that are associated with the
target virtual disk, if any exist. If you select a source virtual disk of a snapshot
virtual disk, you must disable all of the snapshot virtual disks that are
associated with the source virtual disk before you can select it as a target
virtual disk. Otherwise, the source virtual disk cannot be used as a target
virtual disk.
A virtual disk copy overwrites data on the target virtual disk and automatically
makes the target virtual disk read-only to hosts.
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If 16 virtual disk copies with the status of In Progress exist, any subsequent
virtual disk copy has the status Pending, which stays until one of the 16
virtual disk copies complete.
Virtual Disk Copy and Modification Operations
If a modification operation is running on a source virtual disk or a target
virtual disk, and the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress, Pending, or
Failed, the virtual disk copy does not take place. If a modification operation is
running on a source virtual disk or a target virtual disk after a virtual disk copy
is created, the modification operation must complete before the virtual disk
copy can start. If a virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress, any
modification operation does not take place.
Create Copy Wizard
The Create Copy Wizard guides you through:
•
Selecting a source virtual disk from a list of available virtual disks.
•
Selecting a target virtual disk from a list of available virtual disks.
•
Setting the copy priority for the virtual disk copy.
When you have completed the wizard dialogs, the virtual disk copy starts, and
data is read from the source virtual disk and written to the target virtual disk.
The Operation in Progress icon is displayed on the source virtual disk and the
target virtual disk while the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress or
Pending.
Failed Virtual Disk Copy
A virtual disk copy can fail due to:
•
A read error from the source virtual disk.
•
A write error to the target virtual disk.
•
A failure in the storage array that affects the source virtual disk or the
target virtual disk.
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When the virtual disk copy fails, a critical event is logged in the Event Log, and a
Needs Attention icon is displayed in the AMW. While a virtual disk copy has this
status, the host has read-only access to the source virtual disk. Read requests from
and write requests to the target virtual disk do not take place until the failure is
corrected by using the Recovery Guru.
Preferred RAID Controller Module Ownership
During a virtual disk copy, the same RAID controller module must own both
the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk. If both virtual disks do not
have the same preferred RAID controller module when the virtual disk copy
starts, the ownership of the target virtual disk is automatically transferred to
the preferred RAID controller module of the source virtual disk. When the
virtual disk copy is completed or is stopped, ownership of the target virtual
disk is restored to its preferred RAID controller module. If ownership of the
source virtual disk is changed during the virtual disk copy, ownership of the
target virtual disk is also changed.
Failed RAID Controller Module
You must manually change RAID controller module ownership to the
alternate RAID controller module to allow the virtual disk copy to complete
under all of these conditions:
•
A virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress
•
The preferred RAID controller module of the source virtual disk fails
•
The ownership transfer does not occur automatically in the failover
Copy Manager
After you create a virtual disk copy by using the Create Copy Wizard, you can
monitor the virtual disk copy through the Copy Manager. From the Copy
Manager, a virtual disk copy may be re-copied, stopped, or removed. You can
also modify the attributes, such as the copy priority and the target virtual disk
Read-Only attribute. You can view the status of a virtual disk copy in the
Copy Manager. Also, if you need to determine which virtual disks are
involved in a virtual disk copy, you can use the Copy Manager or the storage
array profile.
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Copying the Virtual Disk
You can create a virtual disk copy by using the Create Copy Wizard.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data access – A virtual disk copy overwrites data on
the target virtual disk.
A virtual disk copy automatically makes the target virtual disk read-only to
hosts. You may want to keep this attribute enabled to preserve the data on the
target virtual disk.
CAUTION: If you decide not to preserve the data on the target virtual disk after the
virtual disk copy has completed, disable the Read-Only attribute for the target
virtual disk. For more information on enabling and disabling the Read-Only
attribute for the target virtual disk, see "Virtual Disk Read/Write Permissions" on
page 172.
To prevent write-protected error messages from being displayed, do not try to
access a source virtual disk that is participating in a virtual disk copy while the
virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress. Also, ensure that the Read-Only
attribute for the target virtual disk is disabled after the virtual disk copy has
completed to prevent error messages from being displayed.
To copy the virtual disk:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk.
2 Unmount any file systems on the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk.
3 In the AMW, select the Logical tab and select the source virtual disk.
4 Select Virtual Disk Create Copy.
The Select Source Virtual Disk and Copy Type window is displayed.
5 In the Select source virtual disk area, select the appropriate virtual disk.
6 In the Select Copy Type area, select either Offline or Online Copy Type.
NOTE: An online virtual disk copy overwrites data on the target virtual disk
and automatically makes the target virtual disk read-only to hosts. After the
online virtual disk copy completes, use Copy Manager to disable the ReadOnly attribute for the target virtual disk. If you have used the target virtual disk
in a virtual disk copy before, make sure that you no longer need that data or
have backed it up in an accessible location.
The Select Target Virtual Disk window is displayed.
7 In the Select target virtual disk area, select the appropriate virtual disk
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8 In the Select copy priority area, select the relevant copy priority and click
Next.
The Confirmation window displays the summary of your selections.
9 Type yes and click Finish.
NOTE: The Operation in Progress icon is displayed on the source virtual disk and
the target virtual disk while the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress or
Pending.
Storage Array Performance During Virtual Disk
Copy
The following factors contribute to the overall performance of the
storage array:
•
I/O activity
•
Virtual disk RAID level
•
Virtual disk configuration—Number of drives in the virtual disk groups
•
Virtual disk type—Snapshot virtual disks may take more time to copy than
standard virtual disks
During a virtual disk copy, resources for the storage array are diverted from
processing I/O activity to completing a virtual disk copy. This affects the
overall performance of the storage array. When you create a new virtual disk
copy, you define the copy priority to determine how much controller
processing time is diverted from I/O activity to a virtual disk copy operation.
Setting Copy Priority
You can use the Copy Manager to select the rate at which a virtual disk copy
completes for a selected copy pair. You can change the copy priority for a copy
pair at any of these times:
•
Before the virtual disk copy begins
•
While the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress
•
When you re-create a virtual disk copy
To set copy priority:
1 In the AMW, select Virtual DiskCopy Manager.
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The Copy Manager window is displayed.
2 In the table, select one or more copy pairs.
3 Select ChangeCopy Priority.
The Change Copy Priority window is displayed.
4 In the Copy priority area, select the appropriate copy priority, depending
on your system performance needs.
NOTE: There are 5 copy priority rates available: lowest, low, medium, high,
and highest. If the copy priority is set at the lowest rate, I/O activity is
prioritized and the virtual disk copy takes longer.
Stopping a Virtual Disk Copy
You can stop a virtual disk copy operation that has an In Progress status, a
Pending status, or a Failed status. Stopping a virtual disk copy that has a
Failed status clears the Needs Attention status displayed for the storage array.
Keep these guidelines in mind when you stop a virtual disk copy:
•
To use this option, select only one copy pair in the Copy Manager.
•
When the virtual disk copy is stopped, all of the mapped hosts have write
access to the source virtual disk. If data is written to the source virtual disk,
the data on the target virtual disk no longer matches the data on the
source virtual disk.
To stop a virtual disk copy, complete the following steps:
1 In the AMW, select Virtual DiskCopy Manager.
The Copy Manager window is displayed.
2 Select the copy pair in the table.
3 Select CopyStop.
4 Click Yes.
Recopying a Virtual Disk
You can recopy a virtual disk when you have stopped a virtual disk copy and
you want to start it again or when a virtual disk copy has failed.
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The Recopy option overwrites existing data on the target virtual disk and
makes the target virtual disk read-only to hosts. This option fails all snapshot
virtual disks associated with the target virtual disk, if any exist.
Preparing Host Servers to Recopy a Virtual Disk
NOTE: Before you create a new copy of a source virtual disk, stop any data access
(I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk (and, if applicable,
the target disk) to ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time image of the
source virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet Explorer, to
ensure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux helps to guarantee a stable copy of the drive
for the virtual disk copy.
Before creating a new virtual disk copy for an existing copy pair, both the host
server and the associated virtual disk you are recopying must be in the proper
state. Perform the following steps to prepare your host server and virtual disk:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source and target virtual disk.
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to both the source and the
target virtual disk (if mounted). At the host prompt, type
SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier>
and press <Enter>. For more information, see "SMrepassist Utility" on
page 289.
3 To ensure that the virtual disk is in Optimal or Disabled status, select the
Summary tab, then click Disk Groups & Virtual Disks.
4 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source and (if mounted) virtual disk in
Windows or unmount the virtual drive(s) in Linux to help guarantee a
stable copy of the drive for the virtual disk. If this is not done, the copy
operation reports that it has completed successfully, but the copied data is
not is not updated properly.
5 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to
follow these additional instructions can create unusable virtual disk copies.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find
those instructions in your operating system documentation.
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Re-Copying a Virtual Disk
You can use the Copy Manager to create a new virtual disk copy for a selected
source virtual disk and a target virtual disk. Use this option when you have
stopped a virtual disk copy and want to start it again or when a virtual disk
copy has failed or completed. The virtual disk copy starts over from the
beginning.
•
Possible loss of data—The re-copying operation overwrites existing data on
the target virtual disk.
•
Possible loss of data access—While a virtual disk copy has a status of In
Progress or Pending, source virtual disks are available for read I/O activity
only. Write requests are allowed after the virtual disk copy has completed.
Keep these guidelines in mind when re-copying a virtual disk:
•
If hosts are mapped to the source virtual disk, the data that is copied to the
target virtual disk when you perform the re-copy operation may have
changed since the previous virtual disk copy was created.
•
Select only one virtual disk copy in the Copy Manager dialog.
To re-copy the virtual disk:
1 Stop all I/O to the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk.
2 Unmount any file systems on the source virtual disk and the target virtual disk.
3 In the AMW, select Virtual DiskCopy Manager.
The Copy Manager window is displayed.
4 Select the copy pair in the table.
5 Select CopyRe-Copy.
The Re-Copy window is displayed.
6 Set the copy priority.
NOTE: There are 5 copy priority rates available: lowest, low, medium, high, and
highest. If the copy priority is set at the lowest rate, I/O activity is prioritized, and the
virtual disk copy takes longer. If the copy priority is set to the highest priority rate,
the virtual disk copy is prioritized, but I/O activity for the storage array may be
affected.
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Removing Copy Pairs
You can remove one or more virtual disk copies by using the Copy Manager.
Any virtual disk copy-related information for the source virtual disk and the
target virtual disk is removed from the Virtual Disk Properties dialog and the
Storage Array Profile dialogs. When you remove a virtual disk copy from the
storage array, the Read-Only attribute for the target virtual disk is also removed.
After the virtual disk copy is removed from the Copy Manager, you can either
select the target virtual disk as a source virtual disk or the target virtual disk for
a new virtual disk copy. If you remove a virtual disk copy, the source virtual disk
and the target virtual disk are no longer displayed in the Copy Manager.
Keep these guidelines in mind when you remove copy pairs:
•
Removing copy pairs does not delete the data on the source virtual disk or
target virtual disk.
•
If the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress, you must stop the
virtual disk copy before you can remove the copy pair.
To remove copy pairs:
1 In the AMW, select Virtual DiskCopy Manager.
The Copy Manager window is displayed.
2 In the table, select one or more copy pairs.
3 Select CopyRemove Copy Pairs.
The Remove Copy Pairs dialog is displayed.
4 Click Yes.
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13
Configuration: Premium Feature—
Remote Replication
The Remote Replication premium feature enables real-time replication of data
between two storage arrays in separate locations. Using remote replication, up
to 16 replicated virtual disk pairs can be created on a storage array.
A replicated virtual disk pair is created from two standard virtual disks, both
of which are logical data storage structures created on a storage array. A
standard virtual disk can only be a member of one replicated pair. A pair
consists of a primary virtual disk at a local storage array and a secondary
virtual disk at a remote storage array. Data written by the host to the primary
virtual disk is replicated directly from the primary storage array to the
secondary virtual disk. No host server or application resources are used during
replication. The data can be written either synchronously or asynchronously.
In the event of a disaster, loss of communications or catastrophic failure in
the local storage array, the secondary virtual disk in the remote storage array
can be promoted to the role of primary virtual disk and assume responsibility
for maintaining business operations.
For detailed steps on creating virtual disks and implementing remote
replication, see "Setting Up and Managing Remote Replication" on page 191.
Switchable Host Access Configuration Required With Remote
Replication
Access to the host server from the local and/or remote storage arrays using
remote replication must be established through a supported Fibre Channel
switch configuration. Direct-attached configurations between the host server
and Dell PowerVault MD storage arrays are not supported.
For more information on configuring the switch environment, see "Required
Switch Zoning Configurations" on page 190.
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Activating Remote Replication
NOTE: If you ordered the Remote Replication feature, you received a Premium
Feature Activation card in the Dell PowerVault MD storage array shipping box.
Follow the directions on the card to install and enable this feature.
After the Remote Replication feature is installed following the steps on the
Premium Feature Activation card, it must be activated using a wizard-based
process. As part of activation, the following actions occur:
•
Two replication repository virtual disks are created using existing capacity
on either a disk group or storage array specified by the user.
•
All hosts currently using the highest-numbered Fibre Channel host port
(Port 3) on each RAID controller are logged out.
•
The highest-numbered Fibre Channel host port (Port 3) on each RAID
controller is reserved for replication data transmission.
•
The highest-numbered Fibre Channel host port (Port 3) on each RAID
controller is not available to direct host access when the Remote
Replication premium feature is activated. Any attempted host
communication to this port is rejected.
•
Communication between the replication-reserved Fibre Channel ports
requires established zoning of Fibre Channel switches in the fabric, see
"Required Switch Zoning Configurations" on page 190.
•
Before establishing virtual disk replication pairs, the Remote Replication
premium feature must be activated on each of the storage arrays
participating in replication.
Replication Repository Virtual Disks
Using the Remote Replication premium feature on the storage array requires
that two replication repository virtual disks be created on one of the disk
groups on the storage array. The RAID controller module stores replication
information on these virtual disks, including information about incomplete
remote writes that can be used to recover from RAID controller module resets
and accidental storage array shutdown.
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Other information about replication repository virtual disks include:
•
Specifying that replication repository virtual disks be created from
unconfigured free capacity on the disk group, or creating a new disk group
and its member replication repository virtual disks from unconfigured free
capacity on the storage array.
NOTE: The disk group containing replication repository virtual disks cannot
be deleted without disabling the Remote Replication premium feature.
•
Default names of the replication repository virtual disks are Replication
Repository 1 and Replication Repository 2. These names cannot be changed.
•
The activation process creates replication repository virtual disk with
identical capacity. In a dual RAID controller module storage array, the
default capacity for each replication repository virtual disks is 128 MB per
controller (requiring a total of 256 MB in the RAID group). This default
capacity cannot be modified.
RAID Levels for Replication Repository Virtual Disks
If replication repository virtual disks are created from unconfigured free capacity
on the storage array, you can select a RAID level for the disk group of either RAID
1/10, RAID 5, or RAID 6. However, if the replication repository virtual disks are
created from an existing disk group, RAID levels are not user configurable.
Primary and Secondary Virtual Disk Pairs
After the Remote Replication feature is activated and configuration of the FC
fabric, individual virtual disk replication pairs are be created. Up to 16
replication virtual disk pairs can be established. Each pair consists of a
primary (online) virtual disk and a secondary (offline) virtual disk, both of
identical capacity. During operation, primary and secondary roles can be
interchanged to test the replicated data sets without breaking the
relationship. Independent copies may be created by deleting the relationship,
in which case both virtual disks are available online to their configured hosts.
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Before creating a virtual disk pair, verify the following:
1 The Remote Replication premium feature is installed, enabled and
activated on the primary and secondary storage arrays.
2 The storage arrays containing the two virtual disks you want to replicate
are connected through a Fibre Channel fabric interface.
3 The secondary storage array contains a virtual disk that is equal (or larger)
in capacity than the primary virtual disk in the replicated pair.
4 Both virtual disks are visible to the storage management software.
5 All I/O into the secondary virtual disk is stopped and all file systems are
unmounted.
CAUTION: Creating a replicated virtual disk pair starts a synchronous process
between the primary and secondary virtual disks. This process overwrites all
existing data on the secondary virtual disk and sets the disk to read-only access. If
you have existing data on your secondary virtual disk, back up the data before
creating the replicated virtual disk pair.
Using Remote Replication With Other Features
Remote replication can be used with other disk utility features such as:
•
Storage Partitioning
•
Snapshot Virtual Disk Premium Feature
•
Virtual Disk Copy Premium Feature
•
Virtual Disk Expansion (VDE)
Snapshot Virtual Disk and Virtual Disk Copy are premium features that must
be enabled and activated on the primary storage array.
Storage Partitioning With Remote Replication
Storage partitioning allows hosts to share access to virtual disks in a storage
array. A storage partition is created when a collection of hosts (host group) or
a single host is defined, then a virtual disk-to-logical unit number (LUN)
mapping is defined. This mapping allows you to define which host or host
group has access to a particular virtual disk in the storage array.
Storage partition definitions for the local storage array and remote storage
array are independent. Establishing similar definitions on the disk serving in a
secondary role reduces administrative effort required during site recovery.
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Snapshot Virtual Disk With Remote Replication
A snapshot virtual disk is a point-in-time image of a virtual disk. In a remote
replication, do not mount a snapshot virtual disk on the same server as the
primary virtual disk.
Virtual Disk Copy With Remote Replication
The virtual disk copy premium feature copies data from a source virtual disk
to a target virtual disk within the same storage array.
A primary virtual disk in a remote replication can be either a source virtual
disk or a target virtual disk in a virtual disk copy.
You can create a virtual disk copy on the primary virtual disk in a replicated pair,
but you cannot create a virtual disk copy of a secondary virtual disk in a replicated
pair. Instead, you can copy a secondary virtual disk in one of two ways:
•
Promote the secondary virtual disk to the primary role.
CAUTION: If a primary/secondary role reversal is begun while a virtual disk copy
is in progress, the virtual disk copy fails and be unable to restart.
•
Create a snapshot virtual disk of the secondary virtual disk, then perform a
virtual disk copy of the snapshot virtual disk.
Virtual Disk Expansion With Remote Replication
Virtual Disk Expansion (VDE) increases the capacity of an existing virtual
disk. This increased capacity is achieved by using the free capacity available
on either:
•
The disk group of the standard virtual disk, or
•
The snapshot repository virtual disk.
Performing a VDE operation does not interrupt access to data on disk groups,
virtual disks or physical disks.
A VDE operation can be performed on a primary virtual disk or a secondary
virtual disk of a replicated pair. It cannot be performed on a replication
repository virtual disk. No other action can be performed on a virtual disk
while it is undergoing expansion (except normal disk I/O).
NOTE: To perform a VDE operation, the remote replication must be in Optimal
status. The properties pane in the logical view displays the status of a virtual disk.
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Required Switch Zoning Configurations
NOTE: A limited set of Fibre Channel switches are supported by the storage array.
For a complete list of supported switches and their required driver, BIOS and
firmware levels, see the Configuring Fibre Channel with the Dell MD3600f-Series
Storage Array.
Due to potential restrictions at the host level, remote replication
configurations must contain Fibre Channel switches. Fibre Channel switches
must be zoned so that a single host adapter accesses only one RAID controller
module in a storage array. Additionally, all zone configurations must specify
separate zones for ports that are reserved for remote replication functions.
NOTE: Do not zone the uplink port (E_port) that connects (cascades) switches
within a fabric.
Switch zoning configurations are typically set using the switch management
software provided by the Fibre Channel switch vendor. This software is either
included with the switch itself, or downloaded from the vendor's website.
Zoning Guidelines for Remote Replication
Enabling remote replication on your storage array automatically dedicates one
port per RAID controller exclusively to replication. These dedicated ports,
Port 3 on RAID controller 0 and Port 3 on RAID controller 1, must be in
different zones on the Fibre Channel switch. Generally, switch zoning must
be established so that:
•
All RAID Controller 0 Fibre Channel Port 3s are in a common zone.
•
All RAID Controller 1 Fibre Channel Port 3s are in a common zone, but
separately zoned from RAID Controller 0 ports.
•
Host Fibre Channel access ports are in separate zones from those
established for remote replication.
Switch Cascading
When two or more Fibre Channel switches are cascaded, the switch
management software combines the ports for all of the switches that are
linked.
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Journaling File Systems and Remote Replication
When using a journaling file system, you cannot gain read-only access to a
remote virtual disk. A journaling file system does not let you mount the
remote virtual disk in Windows NTFS. However, you can mount a snapshot
of the remote virtual disk, if available.
Setting Up and Managing Remote Replication
Prerequisites
Before setting up remote replication between two storage arrays, ensure that:
•
The Remote Replication premium feature is activated.
•
The local storage array contains two replication repository virtual disks
(created during activation).
•
The local storage array contains the primary virtual disk to be replicated.
•
The remote storage array contains the secondary virtual disk to serve as the
replication target, and:
•
–
Both virtual disks are visible to a single management station;
replicated disk pairs cannot be managed on separate instances of
storage management software.
–
The RAID level of the secondary virtual disk can be different than that
of the primary virtual disk.
–
The capacity of the secondary virtual disk (after creation and
formatting) must be equal to or greater than the capacity of the
primary virtual disk.
The storage arrays containing the virtual disks you want to replicate are
connected to each other through a Fibre Channel switch fabric and are
accessible from a single management station.
If either the primary or secondary virtual disk does not exist, you must create
it before proceeding with remote replication setup. See "Activating the
Remote Replication Premium Feature and Creating Replication Virtual
Disks" on page 192 and complete the necessary steps.
If all virtual disks are created, skip to "Creating a Remote Replication" on
page 194.
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Activating the Remote Replication Premium Feature and Creating
Replication Virtual Disks
To activate the Remote Replication feature and create the two replication
repository virtual disks required, you can either:
•
Activate the feature, then create the two replication virtual disks from the
total unconfigured capacity on the storage array, or
•
Activate the feature, then create the two replication virtual disks from the
unconfigured capacity in an already-existing disk group
Activating and Creating Replication Repository Virtual Disks From the
Storage Array
To activate the Remote Replication feature and create the two replication
repository virtual disks required, you can either:
1 In the Activate Remote Replication wizard, select Unconfigured capacity
(create a new disk group) and click Next.
The Activate Remote Replication - Create Disk Group wizard is displayed.
2 In Disk Group Name, type a unique name for the disk group.
3 Select one to select a physical disk:
•
Automatic—The storage management software generates a list of
available capacity and physical disk options for each available RAID level.
•
Manual—The storage management software generates a list of
unselected physical disks.
4 Click Next.
•
If you selected Automatic, an empty Select Capacity table and a dropdown list of available RAID levels is displayed. Go to Step 5.
•
If you selected Manual, a populated Unselected Physical Disks table,
empty Selected Physical Disks table, and a drop-down list of available
RAID levels is displayed.
5 In the Select RAID level dropdown list, select the RAID level for the disk
group. The Select capacity table displays the available virtual disks for the
RAID level.
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6 In the Select capacity table, select the physical disks and capacities for the
new disk group, then click Next.
The Preview (Activate Remote Replication) wizard is displayed.
7 Click Finish.
The Completed (Activate Remote Replication) message is displayed.
8 Click OK.
The Remote Replication premium feature is now active. The Logical pane
displays the new disk group and the two replication repository virtual disks.
Activating and Creating Replication Repository Virtual Disks From an
Existing Disk Group
Using this method for creating the replication repository virtual disks, free
capacity in an existing disk group is used. By default, the replication
repository virtual disks each have either 128 MB or 256 MB capacity. You
cannot create the replication repository virtual disks on a disk group with
insufficient capacity, or change the default capacities of the replication
repository virtual disks.
1 In the Introduction (Activate Remote Replication) wizard, select Free
capacity on existing disk groups.
2 From the list of available disk groups, select a disk group to contain the
replication repository virtual disks, then click Next.
The Preview (Activate Remote Replication) wizard is displayed.
3 Click Finish.
The Completed (Activate Remote Replication) message is displayed.
4 Click OK.
The Remote Replication premium feature is now active. The Logical pane
displays the two replication repository virtual disks as part of the disk group.
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Creating a Remote Replication
Before creating a remote replication, ensure that all prerequisites are met. See
"Prerequisites" on page 191 for more information.
1 Open the AMW of both the local and remote storage array.
2 Verify that the Remote Replication premium feature is activated on both
storage arrays.
3 In the AMW of the local storage array, select the Logical tab.
4 In the Logical pane of the local storage array, select the virtual disk you
created to serve as your primary virtual disk. This is the disk that is
replicated to the secondary disk.
5 In the menu bar in the AMW, select Virtual DiskRemote–
ReplicationCreate.
The Introduction (Activate Remote Replication) wizard is displayed.
6 Click Next.
The Select Storage Array (Create Remote Replication) dialog is
displayed. The Storage Arrays list shows the remote storage arrays.
7 Select the storage array where you created the secondary virtual disk, then
click Next.
The Select Secondary Virtual Disk (Create Remote Replication) wizard is
displayed. Go to "Selecting the Secondary Virtual Disk" on page 195.
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Selecting the Secondary Virtual Disk
CAUTION: Creating a replicated virtual disk pair starts a process between the
primary and secondary virtual disks that overwrites all existing data on the
secondary virtual disk and set the disk to read-only access. If you have existing
data on your secondary virtual disk stop all I/O to the disk, back up the data, and
unmount any file systems mounted to the secondary virtual disk before creating
the replicated virtual disk pair.
1 Select the remote storage array and the primary virtual disk.
2 In the Select Secondary Virtual Disk (Create Remote Replication)
wizard, select the secondary virtual disk.
NOTE: The secondary virtual disk must have a capacity equal to or greater
than the capacity of the primary virtual disk.
3 Click Next.
The Set Write Mode (Create Remote Replication) wizard is displayed.
Go to "Setting the Write Mode" on page 195.
Setting the Write Mode
The secondary host ports on the storage arrays are reserved for data
synchronization between the primary virtual disk and the secondary virtual
disk in a replicated virtual disk pair. You can set remote replication to write
either synchronously or asynchronously.
•
In the synchronous mode, the RAID controller module on the primary
virtual disk sends an I/O completion message back to the host storage array
after the data is successfully copied to the secondary storage array. The
synchronous mode is the preferred mode of operation, since it offers the
best chance of full data recovery from the secondary storage array in the
event of a disaster. However, a synchronous replication mode can degrade
the I/O performance of the host when long-distance data transfer is
involved.
•
In the asynchronous mode, the RAID controller module on the primary
storage array sends an I/O completion message to the host storage array
before the data is successfully copied to the secondary storage array. The
asynchronous mode offers faster host I/O performance; however, it does
not guarantee that data was successfully written to the secondary virtual
disk or that the write requests were completed on the secondary virtual
disk in the same order they were initiated. In asynchronous mode, you can
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also specify whether to use a write consistency group option. A write
consistency group ensures that the secondary virtual disk receives write
requests in the sequence initiated by the RAID controller module of the
primary virtual disk. The secondary virtual disk can also be added to a write
consistency group.
To set the write mode for the remote replication:
1 In the Set Write Mode (Create Remote Replication) wizard, select either
the Synchronous or Asynchronous mode.
2 If you select asynchronous mode, select whether to use the Add to write
consistency group option.
3 Click Next.
The Select Synchronization Settings (Create Remote Replication) wizard
is displayed. Go to "Setting Synchronization Priority and Synchronization
Method" on page 196.
Setting Synchronization Priority and Synchronization Method
You can set the priority for allocating system resources to synchronizing the
remote replication.
•
Higher synchronization priorities allocate more resources to the process
and may degrade I/O performance.
•
Lower synchronization priorities allocate fewer resources to the process
and have less impact on normal I/O performance.
The initial synchronization priority and synchronization method you select
can be changed later. For more information about resynchronizing virtual
disks in a remote replication, go to "Resynchronizing Virtual Disks" on
page 204.
To set Synchronization Priority and Synchronization Method:
1 In the Select Synchronization Settings (Create Remote Replication)
wizard, select the synchronization priority on the slide bar.
2 Select either Manual or Automatic resynchronization.
•
196
Automatic resynchronization—Resynchronization starts immediately
after communication is restored between unsynchronized replicated
virtual disks.
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•
Manual resynchronization (recommended)—The replicated pair
must be manually resynchronized each time communication is
restored between unsynchronized replicated virtual disks.
3 Click Next.
The Preview (Create Remote Replication) wizard is displayed. Go to
"Completing the Remote Replication" on page 197.
Completing the Remote Replication
CAUTION: Creating a replicated virtual disk pair starts a process between the
primary and secondary virtual disks that overwrites ALL existing data on the
secondary virtual disk and set the disk to read-only access. If you have existing
data on your secondary virtual disk: (1) stop all I/O to the disk, (2) back up the data
and (3) unmount any file systems mounted to the secondary virtual disk before
creating the replicated virtual disk pair.
After selecting the synchronization settings, perform these steps to complete
the remote replication:
1 In the Preview (Create Remote Replication) wizard, type Yes to confirm
the synchronization. Then, click Finish.
The Creation Successful (Create Remote Replication) confirmation
message is displayed.
2 If you want to create another replication pair, click Yes and repeat the
steps. Otherwise, click No to exit.
•
In the Array Management Windows of both the local storage array and
the remote storage array, the Logical panes show the replicated virtual
disk pairs as members of their disk groups.
•
In the local storage array, the Properties pane displays the Replication
status as Synchronizing and the Synchronization – Progress bar shows
estimated time to completion.
To view detailed information about the virtual disks in a remote replication,
go to either "Viewing Information About a Remote Replication or Replication
Repository Virtual Disk" on page 198 in the Properties Pane or Viewing
Information about a Remote Replication or Replication Repository Virtual
Disk in the Storage Array Profile. Each virtual disk is also represented by a
status icon in the Devices tab on the Enterprise Management Window. For a
description of each icon, see "Virtual Disk Status Icons" on page 202.
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RAID Controller Module Ownership/Preferred Path
During a remote replication operation, the RAID controller module that owns
the primary virtual disk must correspond to the RAID controller owning the
secondary volume on the remote array. If both virtual disks do not have the
same preferred RAID controller module when a remote replication begins, the
ownership of the secondary virtual disk is automatically transferred to the
preferred RAID controller module of the primary virtual disk.
•
When the remote replication is completed or is stopped, ownership of the
secondary virtual disk is restored to its preferred RAID controller module.
•
If ownership of the primary virtual disk is changed during the remote
replication, ownership of the secondary virtual disk is also changed.
If any of the following conditions apply to your RAID controller module, you
must manually change module ownership to the alternate RAID controller
module to allow the remote replication to finish:
•
The status of the remote replication is In Progress.
•
The preferred RAID controller module of the primary virtual disk fails.
•
Transfer of ownership does not occur automatically during failover.
CAUTION: To avoid possible loss of data, verify that either the virtual disks are
not in use, or a multi-path driver is installed on the host. If you change the RAID
controller module ownership/preferred path while an application is using one of
the virtual disks, I/O activity is disrupted and I/O errors may occur.
Viewing Information About a Remote Replication or Replication
Repository Virtual Disk
In MD Storage Manager, the Storage Array Profile and the Properties pane
display information about the physical and logical characteristics of the
remote replication.
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Viewing the Storage Array Profile
The Storage Array Profile displays the most detailed information about the
components of a remote replication and the replication repository virtual
disks. You can:
•
View detailed information about individual and paired virtual disks in a
remote replication
•
View detailed information about the replication repository virtual disks in
the remote replication and storage array
•
Save the Storage Array Profile information as a text file
To view the Storage Array Profile:
1 In the Array Management Window of the local or remote storage array,
select the Summary tab.
2 In the Status area, click Storage Array Profile.
The Storage Array Profile is displayed.
3 Select the Virtual Disks tab.
4 Select either the Replications tab or the Repositories tab. The Profile for
Storage array page is displayed.
5 Perform one of the following:
•
To return to the Array Management Window without saving the
information, click Close.
•
To save the information, click Save As, then go to Step 6.
6 In the Section Selection area of the Save Profile window, select each
section you want to save.
7 To save the file, either:
•
Save the file in the default directory, or
•
Save the file in another directory by choosing it in the Look in dropdown list.
8 In File name, type a name for the file and click Save.
The file is saved as a .txt file.
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Viewing the Properties Pane
The Properties pane is a view-only display of the physical and logical
characteristics of a single virtual disk in a replicated pair, or a single
replication repository virtual disk.
To view the Properties pane:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab.
2 Select either the primary or secondary virtual disk of the replicated pair.
The Properties pane shows properties for the selected virtual disk. Under
Replication properties, the Replication status displays the synchronization
status of the replicated pair. When the primary and secondary virtual disks are
synchronizing, the Replication status shows a synchronizing icon see "Virtual
Disk Status Icons" on page 202).
Viewing Logical Elements of the Secondary Virtual Disk
To view the logical elements of the secondary virtual disk of a remote
replication:
1 In the AMW of the local storage array, select the Logical tab.
2 Right-click the secondary virtual disk of the remote replication.
3 Select View Associated Logical Elements.
The View Associated Logical Elements pop-up is displayed, revealing these
logical elements:
200
•
Primary and secondary virtual disks and their locations
•
Replication repository virtual disks and their locations
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Viewing the Physical Components or Logical Elements of the Primary
Virtual Disk
To view the physical components or logical elements of the primary virtual
disk in a remote replication:
1 In the AMW of the storage array that contains the primary virtual disk,
select the Logical tab.
2 Right-click the primary virtual disk and either:
•
View the logical elements of the primary virtual disk by selecting
Select ViewAssociated Logical Elements. The View Associated
Logical Elements pop-up is displayed, showing visual representations
of these elements: the primary and secondary virtual disk in the
remote replication (and their locations) and the replication repository
virtual disks in the storage array (and their locations). Or,
•
View the physical components of the primary virtual disk by clicking
View Associated Physical Components in the Properties pane. The
View Associated Physical Components pop-up is displayed, showing a
visual representation of the primary virtual disk in the remote
replication.
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Virtual Disk Status Icons
In the Devices tab on the EMW, the following icons depict the status of each
virtual disk:
Changing Write Mode and Consistency Group Membership
Table 13-1. Write Mode and Consistency Group Membership
Icon
Status
Replication repository virtual disk
Primary virtual disk
Secondary virtual disk
Primary virtual disk, synchronization in progress
Primary virtual disk, replication suspended
Secondary virtual disk, replication suspended
Primary virtual disk, unsynchronized
Secondary virtual disk, unsynchronized with communications loss
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The write mode of a remote replication is selected when it is created.
However, you can change the write mode in a remote replication at a later
time, as well as change the secondary virtual disk's membership in a write
consistency group. For more information about write modes and write
consistency groups, go to Setting the Write Mode for Creating a Remote
Replication online help topic.
To change Write Mode and Consistency Group Membership:
1 In the AMW the storage array containing the primary virtual disk, select
the Logical tab.
2 In the Logical pane, right-click the primary virtual disk of the replicated pair.
3 Select ChangeWrite Mode.
The Change Write Mode dialog is displayed. The Replicated pairs table
reflects all replicated pairs in both the local and remote storage arrays.
4 Select one or more replicated pairs. To select all replicated pairs, click
Select All.
5 Select either the Synchronous or Asynchronous write mode.
6 If you are you adding the secondary virtual disk of the replicated pair to a
write consistency group, select Yes and then select the Add to consistency
group check box.
If you are not adding the secondary virtual disk of the replicated pair to a
write consistency group, go to Step 7.
7 Click OK.
The Change Write Mode confirmation message is displayed.
8 In the Change Write Mode confirmation message, click Yes.
The Replication properties section (the Properties panes in the Array
Management Window for the local storage array) displays the
following information:
•
Replication status is Synchronized.
•
Write mode is either Synchronous or Asynchronous, depending on your
selection above.
•
The secondary virtual disk is either write consistent/not write consistent.
•
Resynchronization method is either Manual or Automatic.
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Resynchronizing Virtual Disks
There are two resynchronization methods for remote replications:
•
Manual resynchronization—See "Manually Resynchronizing Virtual Disks"
on page 208.
•
Automatic resynchronization—See "Automatically Resynchronizing
Virtual Disks" on page 208.
For more information about synchronization and resynchronization in remote
replications, see:
•
"Normally Synchronized Virtual Disks" on page 204.
•
"Unsynchronized Virtual Disks" on page 207.
•
"Setting Synchronization Priority and Synchronization Method" on
page 196.
•
"Changing Synchronization Priority and Method" on page 205.
•
"Resynchronizing Virtual Disks" on page 204.
You may need to periodically test the communication between the primary
virtual disk and the secondary virtual disk in a remote replication, especially
after resynchronizing virtual disks. For information about testing the
communication, go to Testing Communication between the Primary and
Secondary Virtual Disk.
Normally Synchronized Virtual Disks
In a normally synchronized remote replication, RAID controller module
owners manage the transfer of data from the primary to the secondary virtual
disk. In a normal remote replication, these events occur:
1 The primary virtual disk receives a write request from a host.
2 The RAID controller module owner on the storage array logs information
about the write operation to a replication repository virtual disk in the
storage array.
3 The RAID controller module owner writes the data to the primary virtual disk.
4 The RAID controller module owner starts a data transfer operation to the
secondary virtual disk on the secondary storage array.
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The communication between a primary and secondary virtual disks can be
suspended or become unsynchronized. If communication between the
primary virtual disk and the secondary virtual disk is disrupted:
1 The status of the replicated pair changes to Unsynchronized.
2 A Needs Attention status is displayed for the storage array.
3 Data is written to the primary virtual disk.
4 Write requests to the primary virtual disk are logged.
5 The RAID controller module owner sends an I/O completion message to
the host sending the write request. Although the host can continue to send
write requests to the primary virtual disk, no data transfer takes place to
the secondary virtual disk. Writes to the secondary virtual disk are
suspended pending restoration of communications between the primary
virtual disk and the secondary virtual disk.
When connectivity is restored between the primary virtual disk and the
secondary virtual disk, the replicated pair is ready to be resynchronized.
NOTE: When the primary virtual disk and the secondary virtual disk are
resynchronized, only data that has changed on the primary virtual disk after the
break in communication is transferred to the secondary virtual disk.
CAUTION: You must be aware of a possible loss of data if communication is
broken after resynchronization starts between the primary storage array and the
secondary storage array. New data may mix with old data on the secondary virtual
disk and render the data unusable in a disaster recovery situation.
Changing Synchronization Priority and Method
Synchronization priority defines how much processing time and resources are
allocated to synchronizing the primary and secondary virtual disk of a remote
replication relative to system performance. Increasing the synchronization
priority of a remote replication may degrade system performance.
Synchronization priorities can be reset at any time.
Synchronization priorities can affect these operations:
•
Performing a copyback
•
Performing a Virtual Disk Expansion (VDE)
•
Reconstructing a virtual disk
•
Initializing a virtual disk
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•
Changing the segment size of a virtual disk
•
Defragmenting a disk group
•
Adding free capacity to a disk group
•
Changing the RAID level of a disk group
To change the synchronization priority and method for an existing remote
replication:
1 In the AMW of the storage array containing the primary virtual disk of the
replicated pair, right-click the Logical tab.
2 Select ChangeSynchronization Settings.
The Change Synchronization Settings dialog is displayed.
3 In the Replicated pairs table, select the primary virtual disk and the remote
virtual disk you want to change. To select all virtual disks, click Select All.
4 On the Select Synchronization Priority slide bar, select the
synchronization priority for the replicated pair.
5 Select either Manual or Automatic resynchronization.
•
Automatic —Resynchronization starts immediately after
communication is restored between unsynchronized replicated
virtual disks.
•
Manual—The replicated pair must be manually resynchronized each
time communication is restored between unsynchronized replicated
virtual disks.
6 Click OK.
The Change Synchronization Settings confirmation message is displayed.
7 In the Change Synchronization Settings confirmation message, click Yes.
The Change Synchronization Priority - Progress bar displays the progress of
the resynchronization.
8 Click OK.
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Unsynchronized Virtual Disks
Communication between a primary and secondary virtual disks can be either
suspended, or become unsynchronized. If this communication between both
virtual disks is disrupted:
1 The status of the replicated pair changes to Unsynchronized.
2 A Needs Attention status is displayed for the storage array.
3 Data is written to the primary virtual disk.
4 Write requests to the primary virtual disk are logged.
5 The RAID controller module owner sends an I/O completion message to
the host sending the write request. Although the host can continue to send
write requests to the primary virtual disk, no data transfer takes place to
the secondary virtual disk. Writes to the secondary virtual disk are
suspended pending restoration of communications between the primary
and secondary virtual disks.
When connectivity is restored between the primary and secondary virtual
disks, the replicated pair is ready to be resynchronized.
NOTE: When the primary virtual disk and the secondary virtual disk are
resynchronized, only data that has changed on the primary virtual disk after the
break in communication is transferred to the secondary virtual disk.
CAUTION: Loss of data can occur if communication is broken after
resynchronization starts between the primary storage array and the secondary
storage array. In addition to resulting in an incomplete resynchronization that may
render the secondary storage array unusable, an interrupted resynchronization
could cause a loss of data integrity on both arrays.
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Automatically Resynchronizing Virtual Disks
When automatic resynchronization is selected, the RAID controller module
owning the primary virtual disk automatically starts resynchronizing the data
on the remote replication pair immediately after communication is restored.
NOTE: When choosing automatic resynchronization, a possible loss of data can
occur if a resynchronization is interrupted in progress. Since another
resynchronization begins automatically after communication is restored between
the primary virtual disk and the remote virtual disk, data integrity could be affected.
With automatic resynchronization set, you cannot add a secondary virtual
disk to a write consistency group. Therefore, write consistency during the
resynchronization process is not preserved. The write order is not consistent
until the entire group achieves Optimal status.
Manually Resynchronizing Virtual Disks
When manual resynchronization is selected, you must manually
resynchronize and resume the data transfer on a remote replication after
communication is restored between the primary and remote virtual disks.
Manual resynchronization is the recommended setting for all remote
replications for these reasons:
208
•
You determine when resynchronization starts, which allows you to better
manage and/or mitigate impact on I/O performance.
•
In a disaster recovery situation, manual resynchronization offers the best
chance of retrieving valid data.
•
When the secondary virtual disk is in a write consistency group, manual
resynchronization preserves the write order.
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Reversing Roles Between the Primary and Secondary Virtual Disks
Reversing the roles between the virtual disks promotes the secondary virtual
disk to the role of primary virtual disk and demotes the primary virtual disk to
the role of secondary virtual. If the primary virtual disk in a remote virtual
disk replication fails, you can reverse the roles of the primary virtual disk and
the secondary virtual disk to transfer the data back to the restored virtual disk.
CAUTION: A potential loss of data access can occur if you reverse roles between
the secondary virtual disk and the primary virtual disk while a virtual disk copy is
in progress. The role reversal may succeed, but the virtual disk copy fails and
cannot be restarted.
•
You cannot perform a virtual disk copy on a secondary virtual disk in a
virtual disk remote replication. To create a virtual disk copy of a secondary
virtual disk, you must reverse the roles of the secondary virtual disk and the
primary virtual disk, then perform the virtual disk copy on the new primary
virtual disk.
•
While a virtual disk remote replication is synchronizing, you cannot
perform a virtual disk copy on either the primary or secondary virtual disk.
•
If you reverse roles between a secondary virtual disk with less capacity than
the primary virtual disk, the role reversal succeeds but the usable capacity
of the new primary virtual disk equals the total capacity of the secondary
virtual disk.
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Promoting the Secondary Virtual Disk or Demoting the Primary Virtual
Disk
To promote the secondary virtual disk to the role of primary virtual disk, or
demote the primary virtual disk to the role of secondary virtual disk:
1 In the AMW of the storage array that contains the virtual disk you are
changing, click the Logical tab.
2 Right-click the virtual disk you are changing.
•
If you are promoting the secondary virtual disk to the role of primary
virtual disk, select ChangeRole to Primary. The Change to Primary
message is displayed. Clicking Yes reverses the roles of the primary and
secondary virtual disks.
•
If you are demoting the primary virtual disk to the role of secondary
virtual disk, select ChangeRole to Secondary. The Change to
Secondary message is displayed. Clicking Yes reverses the roles of the
primary and secondary virtual disks.
Suspending a Remote Replication
1 In the AMW of the storage array with the primary virtual disk, select the
Logical tab.
2 In the Logical tab, right-click the primary virtual disk of a replicated pair,
then select Suspend Replication.
The Suspend Replicated Pair dialog is displayed. The Replicated pairs
table shows all replicated pairs in the local and remote storage arrays.
3 Select one or more of the replicated pairs to suspend. To select all
replicated pairs, click Select All.
4 Click Suspend.
The Suspend Replication Relationship - Confirmation message is displayed.
5 In the Confirmation text box, type Yes, then click OK.
The Suspend Replicated Pair - Progress bar indicates the progress of
the suspension. The Properties pane in the AMW that contains the suspended
primary virtual disk shows the Replication status as Suspended. The suspended
icon is displayed next to both the primary virtual disk icon and the secondary
virtual disk icon in the Logical pane in the AMW.
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Resuming a Remote Replication
1 In the AMW of the storage array with the primary virtual disk, select the
Logical tab.
2 In the Logical pane, right-click the primary virtual disk of the replicated
pair, then select Resume Replication.
The Resume Replicated Pair dialog is displayed. The Replicated pairs table
shows all suspended replicated pairs in the local and remote storage arrays.
3 Select one or more replicated pairs. To select all replicated pairs, click
Select All.
4 Click Resume.
The Resume Replication Pair - Confirmation message is
displayed.
5 In the Confirmation text box, type Yes.
The remote virtual disk replication resumes.
The Properties panes in the AMW for the local storage array and the remote
storage array show the Replication status as Synchronized for both the
primary and secondary virtual disks.
About Resumed Remote Replications
When a remote virtual disk replication is suspended, data continues to write
to the primary virtual disk, but is not replicated to the secondary virtual disk.
Writes to the primary virtual disk are persistently logged to the replication
repository virtual disks.
After communications are restored, data transfer between the primary virtual
disk and the secondary virtual disk must be resynchronized.
Depending on which resynchronization method you specify, the following occurs:
•
Automatic resynchronization—Data transfer automatically starts
immediately after the virtual disks are resynchronized.
•
Manual resynchronization—You must manually resume the remote virtual
disk replication to restart the data transfer. A suspended remote virtual disk
replication stays in a Suspended status until it is manually resumed.
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After the remote virtual disk replication resumes, data is automatically
written to the secondary virtual disk. Only the regions of the primary virtual
disk that changed since the replicated pair was suspended are written to the
secondary virtual disk.
CAUTION: Possible loss of data access: When you resume a remote virtual disk
replication involving a primary or secondary virtual disk that is a member of a
write consistency group, any other suspended remote replications for replicated
pairs in the write consistency group also resumes.
NOTE: If the write mode is synchronous, you do not need to resynchronize the
primary and secondary virtual disk after resuming a remote virtual disk replication.
Testing Communication Between the Primary and Secondary Virtual
Disks
When a resynchronization is manual or during a disaster recovery scenario,
you may want to test the communication between the primary virtual disk
and secondary virtual disk in a remote replication. For more information
about synchronization and resynchronization in remote virtual disk
replications, go to these topics:
•
"Normally Synchronized Virtual Disks" on page 204.
•
"Unsynchronized Virtual Disks" on page 207.
•
"Setting Synchronization Priority and Synchronization Method" on
page 196.
•
"Changing Synchronization Priority and Method" on page 205.
•
"Resynchronizing Virtual Disks" on page 204.
•
"Automatically Resynchronizing Virtual Disks" on page 208.
To test the communication between virtual disks in a remote replication:
1 In the AMW of either the primary or secondary virtual disk, select the
Logical tab.
2 In the Logical pane, right-click the virtual disk.
3 Select Test Replication Communication.
The Replication Communication Test Progress message is displayed.
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Deleting a Virtual Disk From a Replicated Pair in a Storage Array
Follow these steps to delete either a primary virtual disk, a secondary virtual
disk, or both virtual disks from a replicated pair in a storage array.
NOTE: Do not remove a replication relationship to back up a replicated virtual disk. To
perform backups of either the primary virtual disk or the secondary virtual disk, suspend
the remote virtual disk replication so that the replication relationship is not broken.
Deleting a Primary Virtual Disk
CAUTION: Depending on which premium features are enabled on the storage
array, deleting a primary virtual disk may delete all associated virtual disks,
resulting in a possible loss of data on those virtual disks.
NOTE: You cannot delete a primary virtual disk while it is synchronizing.
When a primary virtual disk is deleted from a remote virtual disk replication,
the following occurs:
•
The primary virtual disk is deleted from the storage array.
NOTE: The virtual disk is permanently deleted from the storage array and all
data on the primary virtual disk is permanently lost.
•
The replication relationship breaks.
•
The capacity of the deleted virtual disk becomes unconfigured free capacity in
the storage array and is available for creation of new virtual disks.
•
The secondary virtual disk becomes a regular, standard virtual disk and is
can accept both reads and writes.
•
For instructions on how to delete a primary virtual disk, go to Deleting a
Primary Virtual Disk in a Replicated Pair from a Storage Array online
help topic.
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Deleting a Secondary Virtual Disk
NOTE: Depending on which premium features are enabled on the storage array,
deleting a secondary virtual disk may delete all associated virtual disks, resulting in
a possible loss of data on those virtual disks.
NOTE: You cannot delete a secondary virtual disk while it is synchronizing.
When a secondary virtual disk is deleted, the replication relationship is
removed and the remote virtual disk replication is destroyed.
NOTE: Deleting a secondary virtual disk results in the permanent loss of the data
on the secondary virtual disk.
For steps describing how to delete a secondary virtual disk, see "Deleting a
Virtual Disk From a Replicated Pair in a Storage Array" on page 213.
Deleting a Primary Virtual Disk in a Replicated Pair From a Storage
Array
1 Stop all I/O activity to the primary virtual disk and unmount any file
systems on the primary virtual disk.
2 In the AMW of the storage array containing the primary virtual disk, select
the Logical tab.
3 In the Logical pane, right-click the primary virtual disk, then select Delete.
The Delete Virtual Disks dialog is displayed.
4 Select one or more virtual disks to delete, then click Delete.
The Confirm Delete Virtual Disk(s) message is displayed.
5 In the confirmation text box, type Yes. Then, click OK.
The Delete Virtual Disks - Progress bar is displayed.
6 When the deletion is complete, click OK.
The primary virtual disk is deleted from the storage array. The secondary
virtual disk in the replicated pair now becomes a regular standard virtual disk
in the storage array.
NOTE: The primary virtual disk is deleted from the storage array and all data on the
virtual disk is permanently lost.
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Deleting a Secondary Virtual Disk in a Replicated Pair From a Storage Array
1 Stop all I/O activity on the secondary virtual disk and unmount any file
systems on the secondary virtual disk.
2 In the AMW of the storage array that contains the secondary virtual disk,
select the Logical tab.
3 In the Logical pane, right-click the secondary virtual disk, then select Delete.
The Delete Virtual Disks dialog is displayed.
4 Select one or more virtual disks to delete, then click Delete.
The Confirm Delete Virtual Disk(s) message is displayed.
5 In the confirmation text box, type Yes. Then, click OK.
The Delete Virtual Disks - Progress bar is displayed.
6 When the deletion is complete, click OK.
The replication relationship is removed and the remote virtual disk
replication is destroyed.
NOTE: The secondary virtual disk is deleted from the storage array and all data on
the virtual disk is permanently lost.
Removing a Remote Replication From a Storage Array
Removing a remote virtual disk replication from a storage array returns both
the primary virtual disk and the secondary virtual disk to regular standard
virtual disks. After the removal is complete, normal I/O operations continue
on the former primary virtual disk; the former secondary virtual disk also
becomes available for normal I/O operations. Both virtual disks become readwrite enabled. Unless one of disks is deleted, a replication relationship
between the two virtual disks can be re-created.
NOTE: No data on either virtual disk is deleted.
CAUTION: Do not remove a replication relationship to back up a replicated
virtual disk. To back up either the primary virtual disk or the secondary virtual
disk, suspend the remote virtual disk replication so that the replication
relationship is not broken.
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To remove remote replication from a storage array:
1 In the AMW of the storage array containing the primary virtual disk, select
the Logical tab.
2 In the Logical pane, right-click the primary virtual disk of a replicated pair,
then select Remove Replication Relationship.
The Remove Replication Relationship dialog is displayed. The Replicated
pairs table shows all replicated pairs in both the local and remote storage array.
3 To remove a replication relationship, select one or more replicated pairs.
To select all replicated pairs, click Select All.
4 Click Remove.
The Remove Replication Relationship - Confirmation message is displayed.
5 Click Yes.
The Remove Replicated Pair - Progress bar shows the progress of the
removal process.
Deactivating the Remote Replication on the Storage Array
Before you can permanently disable the Remote Replication premium feature
you must deactivate it on the storage array, see "Disabling the Remote
Replication Premium Feature" on page 217. Deactivating the Remote
Replication premium feature on this storage array does not affect remote
virtual disk replications or the Remote Replication premium features on other
storage arrays. However, another storage array cannot use this storage array as
a remote storage array for creating a separate remote virtual disk replication.
To deactivate remote replication in a storage array:
1 In the Array Management Window, select Storage ArrayRemote
ReplicationDeactivate.
The Deactivate Remote Replication confirmation message is displayed.
2 Click Yes.
The Remote Replication premium feature is deactivated and the two
replication repository virtual disks are deleted from the storage array.
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Disabling the Remote Replication Premium Feature
Before disabling the Remote Replication premium feature, all remote virtual
disk replications must are removed on the storage array. See "Disabling the
Remote Replication Premium Feature" on page 217.
NOTE: To re-enable the Remote Replication premium feature on a storage array
after it is disabled, you must either retrieve the premium feature key or obtain a new
one from your Dell support representative.
To disable the remote replication premium feature:
1 In the Array Management Window, select Storage Array >
Premium Features.
The Premium Features and Feature Pack Information screen is displayed.
2 Select Remote Replication in the Premium Features window, then
click Disable.
A warning message is displayed.
3 If you are sure you want to disable the Remote Replication feature, click
Yes to confirm.
The Remote Replication premium feature is disabled.
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14
Configuration: Device Mapper
Multipath for Linux
Overview
The MD3600f Series storage array uses a Linux operating system software
framework, known as Device Mapper (DM), to enable multipath capabilities
on Linux Host Servers. The DM multipath functionality is provided by a
combination of drivers and utilities. This chapter describes how to use those
utilities to complete the process of enabling an MD3600f Series storage array
on a Linux system.
NOTE: The Device Mapper technology replaces an earlier, proprietary technology,
known as MPP. MPP was used to enable multipathing for a previous MD
generation, the MD3000 Series of storage arrays.
NOTE: The required Device Mapper software components are installed on a Linux
host server by running the MD3600f Series Resource media installation program on
the server, and selecting either the Full or Host install option. For detailed
installation procedures, see the Dell PowerVault MD3600f and MD3620f storage
arrays Deployment Guide at dell.com/support/manuals.
Benefits of using DM Multipath include:
•
Detects path failure and re-routes I/O to other available paths
•
Revalidates failed paths after path restoration
•
Utilizes multiple available paths to maximize performance
•
Reconfigures path usage based on path states and error conditions
•
Unifies multiple device nodes into a single logical multipath device node
•
Indentifies a new multipathed LU and automatically configures a new
multipath node
•
Provides device name persistency for DM devices under /dev/mapper/
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Using DM Multipathing Devices
NOTE: Using or modifying any nodes other than the multipathing device nodes can
result in array or file system problems, including loss of communication with the
array and corruption of the file system. Avoid accessing any device other than the
multipathing device.
NOTE: After creating a partition on a multipathing device, all IO operations,
including filesystem creation, raw I/O and file system I/O, must be done through the
partition node, not the multipathing device nodes.
Prerequisites
The following tasks must be completed before proceeding. For more
information about step 1and step 2, see the MD3600f and MD3620f Storage
Arrays Deployment Guide at dell.com/support/manuals. For more
information about step 3, see "Creating Virtual Disks" on page 104.
1 Install the host software from MD3600f Series resource media—Insert
the resource media to start the installation of Modular Disk Storage
Manager (MDSM).
NOTE: Red Hat install of 5.x needs a remount of the DVD media to make
contents executable.
2 Reboot when prompted by the install program—The installation program
prompts for and needs a reboot at completion of install.
3 Create and map virtual disks using MDSM—After configuring the arrays
run the MDSM to create and map virtual disks.
Using the MDSM software:
1 Map the host server to the MD3600f Series storage array.
2 Create the Virtual Disks.
3 Map newly created arrays to your host server.
NOTE: Any array configured with MDCU automatically adds to the list of
Devices in the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager Enterprise
Management Window (EMW).
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Device Mapper Configuration Steps
To complete the DM multipathing configuration and make the storage
available to the Linux host server:
1 Scan for virtual disks. See "Scan for Newly Added Virtual Disks" on
page 221.
2 Display the multipath device topology. See "Display the Multipath Device
Topology Using the Multipath Command" on page 222.
3 Create a partition on a multipath device node. See "Create a New fdisk
Partition on a Multipath Device Node" on page 223.
4 Add a partition to DM. See "Add a New Partition to Device Mapper" on
page 223.
5 Create a file system on a DM partition. See "Create a File System on a
Device Mapper Partition" on page 224.
6 Mount a DM partition. See "Mount a Device Mapper Partition" on
page 224.
NOTE: In the following command descriptions <x> is used to indicate where a
substitution must be made. On RHEL systems <x> is the number assigned to the
device. On SLES systems <x> is the letter(s) assigned to the device.
Scan for Newly Added Virtual Disks
The rescan_dm_devs command scans the host server system looking for
existing and newly added virtual disks mapped to the host server.
# rescan_dm_devs
If an array virtual disk (VD) is mapped to the host server at a later time, the
rescan_dm_devices command must be run again to make the VD a
visible LUN to the operating system.
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Display the Multipath Device Topology Using the Multipath Command
The multipath command adds newly scanned and mapped virtual disks to the
Device Mapper tables and creates entries for them in the /dev/mapper
directory on the host server. These devices are the same as any other block
devices in the host.
To list all the multipath devices, run the following command:
# multipath –ll
The output must be similar to this example, which shows the output for one
mapped virtual disk.
mpath1 (3600a0b80005ab177000017544a8d6b92) dm-0 DELL,
MD36xxf
[size=5.0G][features=3 queue_if_no_path
pg_init_retries 50][hwhandler=1 rdac][rw]
\_ round-robin 0 [prio=6][active]
\_ 5:0:0:0
sdc
8:32
[active][ready]
\_ round-robin 0 [prio=1][enabled]
\_ 4:0:0:0
sdb
8:16
[active][ghost]
where:
mpath1 is the name of the virtual device created by device mapper. It is
located in the /dev/mapper directory.
DELL is the vendor of the device
MD36xxf is the model of the device
Sdc is the physical path to the owning controller for the device
Sdb is the physical path to the non-owning controller for the device
The following is an example of SLES output:
mpathb(360080e500017b2f80000c6ca4a1d4ab8) dm-21
DELL,MD36xxf
[size=1.0G][features=3 queue_if_no_path
pg_init_retries 50][hwhandler=1 rdac][rw]
\_ round-robin 0 [prio=6][active]
\_ 4:0:0:22 sdx
222
65:112 [active][ready]
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\_ round-robin 0 [prio=1][enabled]
\_ 6:0:0:22 sdcl 69:144 [active][ghost
where:
mpathb is the name of the virtual device created by device mapper. It is
located in the /dev/mapper directory.
DELL is the vendor of the device
MD36xxf is the model of the device
Sdx is the physical path to the owning controller for the device
Sdcl is the physical path to the non-owning controller for the device
Create a New fdisk Partition on a Multipath Device Node
The fdisk command allows you to create a partition space for a file system on
the newly scanned and mapped virtual disks that are presented to Device
Mapper.
To create a partition with the multipathing device nodes
/dev/mapper/mpath<x>, for example, use the following command, where
mpath<x> is the multipathing device node on which you want to create
the partition:
# fdisk /dev/mapper/mpath<x>
NOTE: The <x> value is an alphanumeric operating system dependent format. The
corresponding value for mapped virtual disks can be seen using the previously run
multipath command. Please see your operating system documentation for
additional information on fdisk usage.
Add a New Partition to Device Mapper
The kpartx command adds the newly fdisk created partition to the Device
Mapper list of usable partitions. See examples below, where mpath<x> is the
device node on which the partition was created.
# kpartx –a /dev/mapper/mpath<x>
If successful, the command does not show an output. To verify success and
view exact partition naming, the user can use these commands to see the full
partition names assigned.
# cd /dev/mapper
# ls
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The following examples provide information about the general mapping formats:
On RHEL hosts, a partition node has the format
/dev/mapper/mpath<x>p<y>, where <x> is the alphabetic number for the
multipathing device, <y> is the partition number for this device.
On SLES 11.x hosts, a partition node has the format
/dev/mapper/mpath<x>-part<y>, where <x> is letter(s) assigned to the
multipathing device and <y> is the partition number.
On SLES 10.3 hosts, a partition node has the format
/dev/mapper/mpath<x>_part<y>, where <x> is the letter(s) assigned to
the multipathing device and <y> is the partition number.
NOTE: After creating a partition on a multipathing device, all I/O operations,
including file system creation, raw I/O and file system I/O, must be done through the
partition node, and not through the multipathing device nodes.
Create a File System on a Device Mapper Partition
Use the standard mkfs command to create the file system on the newly
created Device Mapper partition
For example:
# mkfs –t <filesystem type> /dev/mapper/<partition
node>
where <partition node> is the partition on which the file system is created.
Mount a Device Mapper Partition
Use the standard mount command to mount the Device Mapper partition:
# mount /dev/mapper/<partition_node> <mounting_point>
Ready for Use
The newly created virtual disks created on the MD3600f Series array are now
setup and ready to be used. Future reboots automatically finds multipathing
devices along with their partitions.
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Blacklist Local Drive in Multi-path Driver
If your multipath drivers are connecting to storage area networks (SANs), it
may be useful to be able to exclude or "blacklist" certain devices in your
/etc/multipath.conf file. Blacklisting prevents the multipath driver
from attempting to use those local devices.
To blacklist a local drive or device:
1 Run the multipath -l command to determine the local drive or
device WWID (World-Wide Identifier) or vendor/model string.
2 Edit the /etc/multipath.conf file as follows:
blacklist {
wwid
drive_wwid
…
}
or
blacklist {
device {
vendor
vendor_string
model model_string
};
NOTE: RedHat version 6.0 and 6.1 users must rebuild the initramfs root file
image to include the updated configuration file by running the #dracut force command.
3 Reboot the host.
Important Information About Special Partitions
When using Device Mapper with the MD3600f Series array, all physical disks
are assigned a disk device node. This includes a special device type used for
in-band management of the MD3600f Series array, known as the Access Disk
or Universal Xport device.
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CAUTION: Certain commands, such as lsscsi, displays one or more instances of
Universal Xport devices. These device nodes must never be accessed, mounted, or
used in any way. Doing so could cause loss of communication to the storage array
and possibly cause serious damage to the storage array, potential making data
stored on the array inaccessible.
Only multipathing device nodes and partition nodes created using the
directions provided above must be mounted or in any way accessed by the
host system or its users.
Table 14-1. Device Mapper Commands
Command
Descriptions
multipath -h
Prints usage information.
multipath -ll
Displays the current multipath topology using all
available information (sysfs, the device mapper,
path checkers, and so on).
multipath
Re-aggregates multipathing device with
simplified output.
multipath -f
<multipath_dev_node>
Flushes out Device Mapper for the specified
multipathing device. Used if the underlying
physical devices are deleted/unmapped.
multipath -F
Flushes out all unused multipathing device maps.
rescan_dm_devs
Dell provided script. Forces a rescan of the host's
SCSI bus and aggregates multipathing devices as
needed. For use when:
• LUNs are dynamically mapped to the hosts.
• New targets are added to the host.
• Failback of the storage array is required.
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Limitations and Known Issues
•
In certain error conditions with the no_path_retry or the
queue_if_no_path feature is set, applications may hang. To overcome
these conditions the you must enter the following command for each
affected multipath device:
dmsetup message [device] 0 "fail_if_no_path"
where [device] is the multipath device name (for example. mpath2; do
not specify the path)
•
I/O may hang when a Device Mapper device is deleted before the volume
is unmounted.
•
If the scsi_dh_rdac module is not included in initrd, slower device
discovery may be seen and the syslog may become populated with buffer
I/O error messages.
•
I/O may hang if the host server or storage array is rebooted while I/O is
active. All I/O to the storage array must be stopped before shutting down
or rebooting the host server or storage array.
•
After a failed path is restored on an MD3600i Series array, failback does not
automatically occur because the driver cannot auto-detect devices without a
forced rescan. Run the command rescan_dm_devs to force a rescan of the
host server. This restores the failed paths enabling failback to occur.
•
Failback can be slow when the host system is experiencing heavy I/O. The
problem is exacerbated if the host server is also experiencing very high
processor utilization.
•
The Device Mapper Multipath service can be slow when the host system is
experiencing heavy I/O. The problem is exacerbated if the host server also
experiences very high processor utilization.
•
If the root disk is not blacklisted in the multipath.conf file, a multipathing
node may be created for the root disk. The command multipath –ll
lists vendor/product ID which can help identify this issue.
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Troubleshooting
Question
Answer
How can I check if multipathd Run the following command
is running?
/etc/init.d/multipathd status
Why does the multipath
–ll command output not
show any devices?
First verify if the devices are discovered or not. The
command #cat /proc/scsi/scsi displays all
the devices that are already discovered.
Then verify the multipath.conf to ensure that it is
updated with proper settings.
After this, run multipath. Then run multipath
–ll, the new devices must be displayed.
Why is a newly-mapped LUN
not assigned a multipathing
device node?
Run “rescan_dm_devs” in any directory. This must
bring up the devices.
I have no LUNs mapped before. Run rescan_dm_devs instead of rescanThen I map a few LUNs. After
scsi-bus for LUN 0 reconfiguration.
running rescan-scsibus.sh, LUN 0 does not
show up.
I removed a LUN, but the
multipathing mapping is
still present.
The multipathing device is still there after you
remove the LUNs. Run multipath –f <device
node for the deleted LUN> to remove the
multipathing mapping. For example, if device
devices related with /dev/dm-1 are deleted, you must
run multipath –f /dev/dm-1 to remove
/dev/dm-1 from DM mapping table. If multipathing
daemon is stopped/restarted, run multipath –F
to flush out all stale mappings.
Failback does not happen as
expected with the array.
Sometimes the low level driver cannot auto-detect
devices coming back with the array. Run
rescan_dm_devs to do a rescan of the host server
SCSI bus and re-aggregate devices at
multipathing layer.
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15
Management: Firmware Downloads
Downloading RAID Controller and NVSRAM
Packages
A version number exists for each firmware file. The version number indicates
whether the firmware is a major version or a minor version. You can use the
Enterprise Management Window (EMW) to download and activate both the
major firmware versions and the minor firmware versions. You can use the
Array Management Window (AMW) to download and activate only the
minor firmware versions.
NOTE: Firmware versions are of the format aa.bb.cc.dd.
Where, aa is the major firmware version and bb.cc.dd is the minor firmware
version. Depending on which one changes, firmware can be updated from EMW
and AMW or only EMW.
You can activate the files immediately or wait until a more convenient time.
You may want to activate the firmware or NVSRAM files at a later time
because of these reasons:
•
Time of day—Activating the firmware and the NVSRAM can take a long
time, so you can wait until I/O loads are lighter. The RAID controller
modules goes offline briefly to load the new firmware.
•
Type of package—You may want to test the new firmware on one storage
array before loading the files onto other storage arrays.
The ability to download both files and activate them later depends on the
type of RAID controller module in the storage array.
NOTE: You can use the command line interface to download and activate the firmware
to several storage arrays by using a script. For more information on the command line
interface, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
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Downloading Both RAID Controller and NVSRAM
Firmware
NOTE: I/O to the array can continue while you are upgrading RAID controller and
NVSRAM firmware.
NOTE: Dell recommends that the firmware and NVSRAM be upgraded during a
maintenance period when the array is not being used for I/O.
NOTE: The RAID enclosure must contain at least two disk drives in order to update
the firmware on the controller.
To download RAID controller and NVSRAM firmware in a single operation:
1 If you are using the EMW, go to step 9. If you are using the AMW, go to step 2.
2 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select AdvancedMaintenanceDownloadRAID Controller
Module Firmware.
•
Select the Support tab, and click Download Firmware. In Select
download task, select the Download RAID controller module
firmware and click OK.
NOTE: The RAID Controller Module Firmware area and the NVSRAM area list
the current firmware and the current NVSRAM versions respectively.
3 To locate the directory in which the file to download resides, click Select File.
4 In the File Selection area, select the file to download.
By default, only the downloadable files that are compatible with the
current storage array configuration are displayed.
When you select a file in the File Selection area of the dialog, applicable
attributes (if any) of the file are displayed in the File Information area.
The attributes indicate the version of the file.
5 If you want to download an NVSRAM file with the firmware, select
Transfer NVSRAM file with RAID controller module firmware, and click
Select File next to Selected NVSRAM file.
6 To transfer the files to the RAID controller module without activating
them, click Transfer files but don't activate them (activate later).
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7 Click Transfer.
Keep these guidelines in mind:
•
If the Transfer button is inactive, ensure that you either select an
NVSRAM file or deselect the Transfer NVSRAM file with RAID
controller module firmware option.
•
If the file selected is not valid or is not compatible with the current storage
array configuration, the File Selection Error dialog is displayed. Click OK
to close it, and choose a compatible firmware or NVSRAM file.
8 In the Confirm Download dialog, click Yes.
The download starts.
9 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select Tools Upgrade RAID Controller Module Firmware.
•
Select the Setup tab, and click Upgrade RAID Controller
Module Firmware.
10 In the Storage array pane, select the storage array for which you want to
upgrade the RAID controller module firmware or the NVSRAM.
You can select more than one storage array.
NOTE: The Details pane shows the details of only one storage array at a time.
If you select more than one storage array in the Storage Array pane, the
details of the storage arrays are not shown in the Details pane.
11 Click Firmware in the Download area.
If you select a storage array that cannot be upgraded, the Firmware button
is disabled.
The Download Firmware dialog is displayed. The current firmware version
and the NVSRAM version of the selected storage arrays is displayed.
NOTE: If you select the storage arrays with different RAID controller module
types that cannot be updated with the same firmware or NVSRAM file and
click Firmware, the Incompatible RAID Controller Modules dialog is displayed.
Click OK to close the dialog and select the storage arrays with similar RAID
controller module types.
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12 To locate the directory in which the file to download resides, click Browse
in the Select files area.
The Select File dialog is displayed.
13 Select the file to download.
14 Click OK.
15 If you want to download the NVSRAM file with the RAID controller
module firmware, select Download NVSRAM file with firmware in the
Select files area.
Attributes of the firmware file are displayed in the Firmware file
information area. The attributes indicate the version of the firmware file.
Attributes of the NVSRAM file are displayed in the NVSRAM file
information area. The attributes indicate the version of the NVSRAM file.
16 If you want to download the file and activate the firmware and NVSRAM later,
select the Transfer files but don’t activate them (activate later) check box.
NOTE: If any of the selected storage arrays do not support downloading the
files and activating the firmware or NVSRAM later, the Transfer files but don’t
activate them (activate later) check box is disabled.
17 Click OK.
The Confirm Download dialog is displayed.
18 Click Yes.
The download starts and a progress indicator is displayed in the Status
column of the Upgrade RAID Controller Module Firmware window.
Downloading Only NVSRAM Firmware
You also can use the command line interface (CLI) to download and activate
NVSRAM to several storage arrays. For more information, see the PowerVault
Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics.
To download only NVSRAM firmware:
1 To download the NVSRAM firmware from:
232
•
EMW—Go to step 8.
•
AMW—Go to step 10
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2 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select Advanced Maintenance Download RAID Controller
Module NVSRAM
•
Select the Support tab, and click Download Firmware. In Select
download task, select Download RAID controller module NVSRAM
and click OK.
An error message is displayed. Click OK to close it and select a compatible
file.
3 To locate the directory in which the file to download resides, click Select File.
4 Select the file to download in the File selection area and click OK.
By default, only downloadable files that are compatible with the current
storage array configuration are displayed.
When you select a file in the File selection area, applicable attributes (if
any) of the file are displayed in the NVSRAM File information area. The
attributes indicate the version of the NVSRAM file.
5 Click Transfer.
NOTE: If the file selected is not valid or is not compatible with the current
storage array configuration, the File Selection Error dialog is displayed. Click
OK to close it, and choose a compatible NVSRAM file.
6 Click Yes in the Confirm Download dialog.
The download starts.
7 Perform one of these actions:
•
Select Tools Upgrade RAID Controller Module Firmware.
•
Select the Setup tab, and click Upgrade RAID Controller
Module Firmware.
The Upgrade RAID Controller Module Firmware window is displayed.
The Storage array pane lists the storage arrays. The Details pane shows the
details of the storage array that is selected in the Storage array pane.
8 In the Storage array pane, select the storage array for which you want to
download the NVSRAM firmware.
You can select more than one storage array.
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NOTE: The Details pane shows the details of only one storage array at a time.
If you select more than one storage array in the Storage array pane, the
details of the storage arrays are not shown in the Details pane.
9 Click NVSRAM in the Download area.
NOTE: If you select a storage array that cannot be upgraded, the NVSRAM
button is disabled.
The Download NVSRAM dialog is displayed. The current firmware
version and the NVSRAM version of the selected storage arrays are
displayed.
NOTE: If you select the storage arrays with different RAID controller module
types that cannot be updated with the same NVSRAM file and click NVSRAM, the
Incompatible RAID Controller Modules dialog is displayed. Click OK to close
the dialog and select the storage arrays with similar RAID controller module types.
10 To locate the directory in which the NVSRAM file to download resides,
click Browse in the Select file area.
The Select File dialog is displayed.
11 Select the file to download and click OK.
Any attributes of the NVSRAM file are displayed in the NVSRAM file
information area. The attributes indicate the version of the NVSRAM file.
12 Click OK.
The Confirm Download dialog is displayed.
13 Click Yes.
The download starts and a progress indicator is displayed in the Status
column of the Upgrade RAID Controller Module Firmware window.
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Downloading Physical Disk Firmware
CAUTION: When updating physical disk firmware, you must stop all I/O activity to
the array to prevent data loss.
The physical disk firmware controls various features of the physical disk. The
disk array controller (DAC) uses this type of firmware. Physical disk firmware
stores information about the system configuration on an area of the physical
disk called DACstore. DACstore and the physical disk firmware enable easier
reconfiguration and migration of the physical disks. The physical disk
firmware performs these functions:
•
The physical disk firmware records the location of the physical disk in an
expansion enclosure. If you take a physical disk out of an expansion
enclosure, you must insert it back into the same physical disk slot, or the
physical disk firmware cannot communicate with the RAID controller
module or other storage array components.
•
RAID configuration information is stored in the physical disk firmware and
is used to communicate with other RAID components.
CAUTION: Risk of application errors – Downloading the firmware could cause
application errors.
Keep these important guidelines in mind when you download firmware to
avoid the risk of application errors:
•
Downloading firmware incorrectly could result in damage to the physical
disks or loss of data. Perform downloads only under the guidance of your
Technical Support representative.
•
Stop all I/O to the storage array before the download.
•
Ensure that the firmware that you download to the physical disks are
compatible with the physical disks that you select.
•
Do not make any configuration changes to the storage array while
downloading the firmware.
NOTE: Downloads can take several minutes to complete. During a download, the
Download Physical Disk - Progress dialog is displayed. Do not attempt another
operation when the Download Physical Disk - Progress dialog is shown.
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To download Physical Disk Firmware:
1 From the AMW, select Advanced Maintenance
Download Physical Disk.
The Download Physical Disk - Introduction window is displayed.
2 Click Next.
The Download Physical Disk Firmware - Add Packages window is displayed.
3 In the Selected Packages area, click Add. Navigate to the location of the
packages and click OK.
The selected package is added to the Packages to be transferred area.
4 Click Next.
The Download Physical Disk Firmware - Select Physical Disks window
is displayed.
5 In the Compatible Physical Disks tab, select the appropriate physical
disks or Select all the physical disks.
The Confirm Download dialog is displayed.
6 Type yes and click OK.
The Download Physical Disk Firmware - Progress window is displays the
progress of physical disk firmware download.
7 After the firmware download is complete, click Close.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
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Downloading MD1200 Series Expansion Module
EMM Firmware
NOTE: Due to a limitation with Linux, expansion enclosure EMM firmware updates
must be performed using out-of-band management only. Failure to do so may result
in the host server becoming unresponsive, and it may require a reboot.
You can transfer a downloadable firmware file to the expansion enclosure
EMM in the expansion enclosures attached to the storage array.
CAUTION: Risk of possible loss of data or risk of damage to the storage array –
Downloading the expansion enclosure EMM firmware incorrectly could result in
loss of data or damage to the storage array. Perform downloads only under the
guidance of your Technical Support representative.
CAUTION: Risk of making expansion enclosure EMM unusable – Do not make
any configuration changes to the storage array while downloading expansion
enclosure EMM firmware. Doing so could cause the firmware download to fail
and make the selected expansion enclosure unusable.
To download the EMM firmware:
1 Perform one of these actions:
•
In the AMW, select Advanced Maintenance Download
EMM Firmware.
•
Select the Support tab, and click Download Firmware. In the dialog
that is displayed, select the EMM firmware, and click OK.
The Download Environmental (EMM) Firmware dialog is displayed.
2 In the Select enclosures area, either select each expansion enclosure to
which you want to download firmware, or select Select All to select all of
the expansion enclosures in the storage array.
Each selected expansion enclosure must have the same product ID.
3 Click Select File.
The Select Environmental (EMM) Card Firmware File dialog is
displayed.
4 Select the file to download and click OK.
5 Click Start.
6 Click Yes to continue with the firmware download.
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NOTE: If you click Stop while a firmware download is in progress, the
download-in-progress finishes before the operation stops. The status for the
remaining expansion enclosures changes to Canceled.
Monitor the progress and completion status of the download to the
expansion enclosures. The progress and status of each expansion enclosure
that is participating in the download is displayed in the Status column of
the Select enclosures table.
NOTE: Each firmware download can take several minutes to complete.
7 Perform one of these actions depending on whether the download succeeded:
•
The download succeeded – The statuses of all the expansion enclosures
show Complete. You can close the Download environmental (EMM)
Card Firmware dialog by clicking Close. The expansion enclosure EMM
cards are now operating with the new firmware.
•
The download failed – The status of one expansion enclosure shows
Failed and the remainder of the expansion enclosures show Canceled.
Ensure that the new firmware file is compatible before attempting
another firmware download.
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting
Technology (SMART)
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) monitors the
internal performance of all physical disk components to detect faults indicating
the potential for physical disk failure. SMART uses this information to report
whether failure is imminent so that a physical disk can be replaced before failure
occurs. The RAID controller monitors all attached drives and notifies users when
a predicted failure is reported by a physical disk.
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Media Errors and Unreadable Sectors
If the RAID controller detects a media error while accessing data from a
physical disk that is a member of a disk group with a redundant RAID level
(RAID 1, RAID 5 or RAID 10), the controller tries to recover the data from
peer disks in the disk group and uses recovered data to correct the error. If the
controller encounters an error while accessing a peer disk, it is unable to
recover the data and affected sectors are added to the unreadable sector log
maintained by the controller. Other conditions under which sectors are added
to the unreadable sector log include:
•
A media error is encountered when trying to access a physical disk that is a
member of a non-redundant disk group (RAID 0 or degraded RAID 1,
RAID 5 or RAID 10).
•
An error is encountered on source disks during rebuild.
NOTE: Data on an unreadable sector is no longer accessible.
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16
Management: Installing Array
Components
Recommended Tools
You may need the following items to perform the procedures in this section:
•
Key to the system keylock
•
#2 Phillips screwdriver
•
Wrist grounding strap
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Front Bezel (Optional)
Removing the Front Bezel
1 Using the system key, unlock the front bezel (if locked).
2 Lift up the release latch next to the keylock.
3 Rotate the left end of the bezel away from the front panel.
4 Unhook the right end of the bezel and pull the bezel away from
the system.
Figure 16-1. Removing and Installing the Front Bezel
1
2
3
4
1
bezel
2
keylock
3
release latch
4
hinge tab
Installing the Front Bezel
1 Hook the right end of the bezel onto the chassis.
2 Fit the free end of the bezel onto the system.
3 Secure the bezel with the keylock. See Figure 16-1.
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Hard Drives
SAFETY: Models AMT, E03J, and E04J
Models AMT, E03J, and E04J are intended for installation only in restricted
access locations as defined in cl 1.2.7.3 of IEC 60950-1:2005.
Depending on your configuration, your array either supports up to twenty
four 2.5" SAS hard drives or up to twelve 3.5" SAS hard drives in internal drive
bays. Hard drives are connected to a backplane through hard-drive carriers
and can be configured as hot-swappable.
Removing a Hard-Drive Blank
CAUTION: To maintain proper system cooling, all empty hard-drive bays must
have drive blanks installed.
1 If installed, remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on
page 242.
2 Press the release tab and slide the hard-drive blank out until it is free of
the drive bay. See Figure 16-2 for PowerVault MD3600f and Figure 16-3 for
PowerVault MD3620f.
Figure 16-2. Removing and Installing a 3.5" Hard-Drive Blank (MD3600f Only)
1
1
hard-drive blank
2
2
release tab
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Figure 16-3. Removing and Installing a 2.5" Hard-Drive Blank (MD3620f Only)
1
1
2
hard-drive blank
2
release tab
Installing a Hard-Drive Blank
1 If installed, remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on
page 242.
2 Insert the hard-drive blank into the drive bay until the blank is fully seated.
3 Close the handle to lock the blank in place.
4 If applicable, replace the front bezel. See "Installing the Front Bezel" on
page 242.
Removing a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with
the product.
1 If installed, remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on
page 242.
2 From the Modular Disk Storage Manager (MDSM) software, prepare the
drive for removal. Wait until the hard-drive indicators on the drive
carrier signal that the drive can be removed safely. See your controller
documentation for information about hot-swap drive removal.
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If the drive is online, the green activity/fault indicator flashes as the drive
is powered down. When the drive indicators are off, the drive is ready for
removal.
3 Press the release button to open the drive carrier release handle. See
Figure 16-4.
4 Slide the hard drive out until it is free of the drive bay.
CAUTION: To maintain proper system cooling, all empty hard-drive bays must
have drive blanks installed.
5 Insert a drive blank in the empty drive bay. See "Installing a Hard-Drive
Blank" on page 244.
6 If applicable, replace the front bezel. See "Installing the Front Bezel" on
page 242.
Figure 16-4. Removing and Installing a Hard Drive
1
2
1
release button
2
hard-drive carrier handle
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Installing a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is
not covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
CAUTION: Use only hard drives that are tested and approved for use with the
MD3600f Series.
CAUTION: When installing a hard drive, ensure that the adjacent drives are fully
installed. Inserting a hard-drive carrier and attempting to lock its handle next to a
partially installed carrier can damage the partially installed carrier's shield spring
and make it unusable.
1 If applicable, remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on
page 242.
2 If applicable, remove the drive blank from the bay. See "Removing a HardDrive Blank" on page 243.
3 Press the release button to open the drive carrier release handle.
4 Insert the hard-drive carrier into the drive bay until the carrier contacts
the backplane.
5 Close the handle to lock the drive in place.
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Removing a Hard Drive From a Hard-Drive Carrier
Remove the screws from the slide rails on the hard-drive carrier and separate
the hard drive from the carrier. See Figure 16-5 for PowerVault MD3600f and
Figure 16-6 for PowerVault MD3620f.
Figure 16-5. Removing and Installing a Hard Drive Into a 3.5" Hard-Drive Carrier
2
1
3
4
1
screws (4)
2
hard drive
3
SAS screw hole
4
hard-drive carrier
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Figure 16-6. Removing and Installing a Hard Drive Into a 2.5" Hard-Drive Carrier
4
1
3
2
248
1
screws (4)
2
hard drive
3
SAS screw hole
4
hard-drive carrier
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Installing a Hard Drive Into a Hard-Drive Carrier
1 Insert the hard drive into the hard-drive carrier with the connector end
of the drive at the back. See Figure 16-5.
2 Align the screw holes on the hard drive with the back set of holes on the
hard-drive carrier.
When aligned correctly, the back of the hard drive is flush with the back of
the hard-drive carrier.
3 Attach the four screws to secure the hard drive to the hard-drive carrier.
RAID Controller Module
An MD3600f series storage array supports single as well as dual RAID
controller configurations. If only one RAID controller module is installed in
your array, it must be installed in slot 0. You must install the RAID controller
module blank in slot 1.
CAUTION: RAID controller modules can be removed and installed without turning
off the array. It is recommended that you do not remove the RAID controller module
while data is being transferred. Replacing or installing a RAID controller module
that is connected to a host server causes it to loose communication with the array
and may require a reboot of the host server.
Removing a RAID Controller Module Blank
CAUTION: To maintain proper system cooling, you must install a RAID controller
module blank in the empty slot.
1 Turn off the array and host server.
2 Disconnect all the power cables connected to the array.
3 To remove the RAID controller module blank, press down on the release
latch and pull the blank away from the array. See Figure 16-7.
4 Install RAID controller modules in slot 0 and 1. See "Installing a RAID
Controller Module" on page 252.
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5 Connect all the power cables to the array.
6 Turn on the array and the host server.
Figure 16-7. Removing and Installing a RAID Controller Module Blank
1
1
release latch
2
RAID controller module blank
Installing a RAID Controller Module Blank
To install a RAID controller module blank:
1 Align the blank with the RAID controller module bay
2 Insert the blank into the chassis until it clicks into place.
250
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Removing a RAID Controller Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
CAUTION: If your configuration uses fiber optic cables, remember that they are
fragile. Bending, twisting, folding, or pinching fiber optic cables can cause
damage to the cables, degraded performance, or loss of data. To prevent damage,
do not twist, fold, pinch, or step on the cables. Do not bend the cables in less than
a 5 cm (2") radius.
1 If small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceivers are present, record the
ports in which they are installed, and remove them.
2 Take the desired RAID controller module offline.
3 Disconnect the cables connected to the RAID controller module.
If fiber optic cables are present, it may be necessary to partially remove the
RAID controller module using the two release levers. Opening the release
levers makes it easier to press down the fiber optic cable release tab. If the
system is still running, do not disturb the second RAID controller module.
4 Push down on the release tab and pull the release lever away from the
chassis. See Figure 16-8.
5 Grasp the release lever and pull the module away from the chassis.
NOTE: To avoid damage to the sensitive EMI contacts on the RAID controller
module, do not stack RAID controller modules.
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Figure 16-8. Removing and Installing a RAID Controller Module
3
2
1
1
RAID controller module
3
release lever
2
release tab
Installing a RAID Controller Module
WARNING: Fiber optic cables are fragile. Bending, twisting, folding, or pinching
fiber optic cables can cause damage to the cables, degraded performance, or loss
of data. To prevent damage, do not twist, fold, pinch, or step on the cables. Do not
bend the cables in less than a 5 cm (2") radius.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
1 Insert the RAID controller module into the RAID controller module bay
until it seats into place.
2 Push the release lever toward the chassis until it clicks into place.
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3 Connect all the cables to the RAID controller module. If SFP transceivers
and fiber optic cables were present, reinstall them in the correct ports.
4 If applicable, update the firmware for the RAID controller module. For
information about the latest firmware, see dell.com/support.
Opening the RAID Controller Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
1 Turn off the array and host server.
2 Disconnect all the power cables connected to the array.
3 Remove the RAID controller module. See "Removing a RAID Controller
Module Blank" on page 249.
4 Remove the screws from the sides of the RAID controller module. See
Figure 16-9.
5 While pressing the indent, slide the cover in the direction of the arrow and
lift it away from the RAID controller module. See Figure 16-9.
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Figure 16-9. Opening and Closing the RAID Controller Module
1
1
screws (2)
3
indent
2
3
2
RAID controller module
Closing the RAID Controller Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
1 Place the cover onto the RAID controller module and offset it slightly
towards the back, so that the hooks on the cover fit over the corresponding
slots on the RAID controller module.
2 Slide the cover toward the front till it snaps into place. See Figure 16-9.
3 Replace the screws on the RAID controller module. See Figure 16-9.
4 Connect all the cables to the array. If SFP transceivers and fiber optic
cables were previously in place, reinstall them in the correct ports.
5 Turn on the array and the host server.
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RAID Controller Module Backup Battery Unit
Removing the RAID Controller Module Backup Battery Unit
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
1 Turn off the array and host server.
2 Disconnect all the cables connected to the array.
3 Remove the RAID controller module. See "Removing a RAID Controller
Module" on page 251.
4 Open the RAID controller module. See "Opening the RAID Controller
Module" on page 253.
5 Loosen the screw that secures the backup battery unit to the RAID
controller module. See Figure 16-10.
6 Slide the backup battery unit in the direction of the arrow and lift it out of
the RAID controller module. See Figure 16-10.
Figure 16-10. Removing and Installing the RAID Controller Module Backup Battery Unit
1
2
1
backup battery unit
2
screw
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Installing the RAID Controller Module Backup Battery Unit
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
1 Align the backup battery unit with the slots on the RAID controller module.
2 Slide the backup battery unit toward the connector on the RAID
controller module.
3 Tighten the screw that secures the backup battery unit to the RAID
controller module.
4 Close the RAID controller module. See "Closing the RAID Controller
Module" on page 254.
5 Replace the RAID controller module. See "Installing a RAID Controller
Module" on page 252.
6 Connect all the cables to the array.
7 Turn on the array and the host server.
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Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module
NOTE: Your storage array includes two integrated, hot-swappable power
supply/cooling fan modules.
The array supports two hot-swappable power supply/cooling fan modules.
While the array can operate temporarily with one module, both the modules
must be present for proper system cooling.
CAUTION: A single power supply/cooling fan module can be removed from a
powered-on array for a maximum period of 5 minutes. Beyond that time, the array
may automatically shut down to prevent damage.
Removing a Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
NOTE: If you remove a fully functioning power supply/cooling fan module, the fan
speed in the remaining module increases significantly to provide adequate cooling.
The fan speed decreases gradually when a new power supply/cooling fan module
is installed.
1 Turn off the power supply/cooling fan module.
2 Disconnect the power cable from the power source.
3 Remove the straps that secure the power cable and then disconnect the
power cable from the power supply/cooling fan module.
WARNING: The power supply/cooling fan modules are heavy. Use both hands
while removing the module.
4 Press the release tab and pull the power supply out of the chassis.
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Figure 16-11. Removing and Installing a Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module
1
2
3
1
release tab
3
power supply handle
2
power supply
Installing a Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You must
only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product
documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and support team.
Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.
Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the product.
1 Slide the power supply/cooling fan module into the chassis until it is fully
seated and the release tab clicks into place. See Figure 16-11.
2 Connect the power cable to the power supply/cooling fan module and plug
the cable into a power outlet.
3 Secure the power cable using the strap. See Figure 16-12.
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Figure 16-12. Securing the Power Cable
1
1
restraining strap
CAUTION: When connecting the power cable, secure the cable with the velcro strap.
NOTE: If the array is powered on, all the power supply LEDs remain off until the AC
power cable is connected to the power supply/cooling fan module and the power
switch is turned on.
4 Turn on the power supply/cooling fan module.
Control Panel
Removing the Control Panel
1 Turn off the array and host server.
2 Disconnect all the power cables connected to the array.
3 Remove the hard drives from:
–
slots 0 to 2 in PowerVault MD3600f
–
slots 0 to 5 in PowerVault MD3620f
See "Removing a Hard Drive" on page 244.
NOTE: Mark each hard drive with it’s slot position as you remove it.
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4 Slide the control panel out of the chassis after:
–
Pushing the release tab toward the front of the array in PowerVault
MD3600f. See Figure 16-13.
–
Pulling the release pin toward the front of the array in PowerVault
MD3620f. See Figure 16-14.
Figure 16-13. Removing and Installing the Control Panel-PowerVault MD3600f
1
1
260
2
control panel
2
release tab
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Figure 16-14. Removing and Installing the Control Panel-PowerVault MD3620f
1
2
1
release pin
2
control panel
Installing the Control Panel
1 Align the control panel with the slot on the array.
2 Slide the control panel into the array until:
–
The release tab clicks into place in PowerVault MD3600f.
See Figure 16-13.
–
The release pin clicks into place in PowerVault MD3620f.
See Figure 16-14.
3 Replace the hard drives in their respective slots. See "Installing a Hard
Drive" on page 246.
4 Connect all the power cables to the array.
5 Turn on the array and the host server.
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Backplane
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
Removing the Backplane
1 Turn off the array and disconnect it from the electrical outlet.
2 Disconnect all the cables connected to the array.
3 Remove the hard drives. See "Removing a Hard Drive" on page 244.
4 Remove the RAID controller modules. See "Removing a RAID Controller
Module" on page 251.
5 Remove the power supply/cooling fan modules. See "Removing a Power
Supply/Cooling Fan Module" on page 257.
6 Remove the control panel. See "Removing the Control Panel" on page 259.
7 Remove the screws that secure the RAID controller module/power supply
cage to the chassis.
8 Grasp the cage removal ring at the bottom center of the array and pull the
RAID controller module/power supply cage toward the back of the chassis.
See Figure 16-15.
9 Lift the RAID controller module/power supply cage away from the chassis.
See Figure 16-15.
10 Loosen the captive screw that secures the backplane to the chassis. See
Figure 16-16 for PowerVault MD3600f or Figure 16-17 for
PowerVault MD3620f.
11 Remove the screws that secure the backplane and pull the backplane out
of the array. See Figure 16-16 for PowerVault MD3600f or Figure 16-17 for
PowerVault MD3620f.
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Figure 16-15. Removing and Installing the RAID Controller Module/Power Supply Cage
1
1
screws (6)
2
2
RAID controller module/power
supply cage
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Figure 16-16. Removing and Installing the Backplane-PowerVault MD3600f
1
2
3
1
screws (5)
3
captive screw
2
backplane
Figure 16-17. Removing and Installing the Backplane-PowerVault MD3620f
1
2
3
264
1
screws (4)
3
captive screw
2
backplane
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Installing the Backplane
1 Align the holes on the backplane with the holes on the array.
2 Tighten the captive screw to secure the backplane to the chassis. See
Figure 16-16 for PowerVault MD3600f or Figure 16-17 for
PowerVault MD3620f.
3 Replace the screws that secure the backplane to the chassis. See
Figure 16-16 for PowerVault MD3600f or Figure 16-17 for
PowerVault MD3620f.
4 Align the slots on the RAID controller module/power supply cage with the
tabs on the chassis. See Figure 16-15.
5 Push the RAID controller module/power supply cage toward the front of
the array.
6 Replace the screws that secure the RAID controller module/power supply
cage to the chassis.
7 Replace the control panel. See "Installing the Control Panel" on page 261.
8 Replace the power supply/cooling fan modules. See "Installing a Power
Supply/Cooling Fan Module" on page 258.
9 Replace the hard drives. See "Installing a Hard Drive" on page 246.
10 Connect all the cables to the array.
11 Turn on the array and the host server.
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17
Management: Firmware Inventory
A storage array is made up of many components, which may include RAID
controller modules, physical disks, and enclosure management modules
(EMMs). Each of these components contains firmware. Some versions of
firmware are dependent on other versions of firmware. To capture
information about all of the firmware versions in the storage array, view the
firmware inventory.
If the firmware inventory does not contain information for a particular storage
array, the firmware inventory service is not available on that storage array.
You can also save the firmware inventory to a text file. You can then send the
file to your Technical Support representative to detect any firmware
mismatches.
Viewing the Firmware Inventory
1 Perform one of these actions based on whether you want to view the
firmware information for one storage array or all storage arrays:
•
One storage array—From the Array Management Window, select
AdvancedMaintenance Firmware Inventory.
•
All storage arrays—From the Enterprise Management Window, select
Tools Firmware Inventory.
2 To save the firmware inventory to a text file, click Save As.
3 In Specify filename, enter a name for the file to be saved. You may also
specify another physical disk and directory if you want to save the file in a
location other than the default.
NOTE: The suffix *.txt is added to the file name automatically if you do not
specify a suffix for the file name.
4 Click Save.
An ASCII text file that contains the firmware inventory is saved to the
designated directory.
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18
Management: System Interfaces
Microsoft Services
Virtual Disk Service
The Microsoft Virtual Disk Service (VDS) is a component of the Windows
operating system. The VDS component utilizes third-party vendor specific
software modules, known as providers, to access and configure third-party
storage resources, such as MD3600f storage arrays. The VDS component
exposes a set of application programming interfaces (APIs) that provides a
single interface for managing disks and other storage hardware. The MD3600f
Series VDS Provider enables Windows tools, including the Disk Manager, to
access and configure storage array virtual disks.
The VDS Provider for the MD3600f Series arrays is available on the MD3600f
Series resource media. For more information on VDS, see microsoft.com.
Volume Shadow-Copy Service
The Microsoft Volume Shadow-copy Service (VSS) is a component of the
Microsoft Windows operating system. The VSS component utilizes third-part
vendor specific software modules, known as providers, to access and utilize
snapshot and disk copy functionality provided by third-party storage
resources, such as MD3600f Series storage arrays. The combination of the
VSS component and the VSS Provider, included on the MD3600f Resource
media, enable the MD3600f Series arrays to be utilized by third-party and
Windows backup and snapshot applications.
NOTE: Virtual disks that is used as source virtual disks for VSS snapshots must
have names no longer than 16 characters.
The VSS hardware provider uses the source virtual disk name as a prefix for the
snapshot and repository virtual disk names. The resulting snapshot and repository
names are too long if the source virtual disk name exceeds 16 characters.
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VSS attaches to the service and uses it to coordinate the creation of snapshot
virtual disks on the storage array. VSS-initiated snapshot virtual disks can be
triggered through backup tools, known as requestors. The VSS Provider
Configuration Tool offers the following configuration options:
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Properties—This section contains a
drop-down list for the RAID level and a field for entering source virtual
disk capacity percentage for snapshot repositories.
•
Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk Location—This section contains a list of
preferences for the location of the snapshot repository virtual disk. These
preferences are honored whenever conditions permit.
The Microsoft VSS installer service for storage provisioning is available on the
MD3600f resource media in the \windows\VDS_VSS directory.
NOTE: When registering VSS during your Windows setup, the registration
graphical user interface (GUI) prompts you to provide the name of your array
because settings in the GUI are array-specific, not host-specific.
Storage management VSS hardware provider tips:
•
The number of snapshot virtual disks that can be created using a single
snapshot set varies with the I/O load on the RAID controller modules.
Under little or no I/O load, the number of virtual disks in a snapshot set
must be limited to 16. Under high I/O loads, the limit is 3.
•
The snapshot virtual disks created in the storage management software are
differential snapshots. Plex snapshots are not supported.
•
Virtual disks to be used as source virtual disks for VSS snapshots must have
names no longer than 16 characters. The VSS hardware provider uses the
source virtual disk name as a prefix for the snapshot and repository virtual
disk names. The resulting snapshot and repository names are too long if
the source virtual disk name exceeds 16 characters.
NOTE: A volume is another term for virtual disk.
For more information on VDS and VSS, see microsoft.com.
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19
Troubleshooting: Your Storage
Array Software
Start–Up Routine
Look and listen during the array’s start-up routine for the indications
described in Table 19-1. For a description of the front- and back-panel
indicators, see "Planning: About Your Storage Array" on page 25.
Table 19-1.
Start-Up Routine Indications
Look/Listen for
Action
Alert messages.
See your storage
management documentation.
An unfamiliar constant scraping or grinding
sound when you access a physical disk.
See "Getting Help" on page 309.
NOTE: At least two physical disks must be installed in the array.
Device Health Conditions
When you open the Enterprise Management Window (EMW), the Dell
PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Management software (MDSM)
establishes communication with each managed storage array and determines
the current storage array status. The current status is represented by icons
next to the managed storage array.
The status icons shown in the Tree view in the EMW represent a summary
status for each storage array. If a storage array has a status of Needs Attention
or a status of Fixing, you must determine the condition that is causing this
status before attempting any management actions. You can determine the
condition causing the Needs Attention status or the Fixing status by selecting
the storage array and launching its Array Management Window (AMW).
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To launch the AMW, perform one of these actions:
•
On the Devices tab, in either the Tree view or the Table view, double-click
a storage array. Alternatively, you can right-click a storage array and select
Manage Storage Array from the pop-up menu.
•
On the Setup tab, select Manage a Storage Array.
After the AMW is displayed, select the Physical tab to see the components in
the storage array. A component that has a problem is indicated by a status
icon.
The status icons indicate the status of the components that comprise the
storage array. Also, the Recovery Guru option provides a detailed explanation
of the conditions and the applicable steps to remedy any Needs Attention
status. For more information, see "Recovery Guru" on page 278.
For the status of a storage array, the icons shown in the following table are
used in the Tree view, the Table view, and both the EMW Status Bar and the
AMW Status Bar.
Table 19-2. Status Icon
Status
Icon
Description
Optimal
Each component in the managed storage array is in
the desired working condition.
Needs Attention
There is a problem with the managed storage array
that requires your intervention to correct it.
Unresponsive
The storage management station cannot
communicate with the storage array or one RAID
controller module or both RAID controller modules
in the storage array.
Fixing Status
A Needs Attention status is corrected and the
managed storage array is currently transitioning to an
Optimal state.
Unsupported
The node is currently not supported by this version of
MDSM.
Software
Unsupported
The storage array is running a level of software that is
no longer supported by MDSM.
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In the Table view, every managed storage array is listed once, regardless of the
number of attachments it has in the Tree view. After the storage array is
contacted by MDSM, an icon representing its hardware status is displayed.
Hardware status can be Optimal, Needs Attention, or Fixing. If, however, all
of the network management connections from the storage management
station to the storage array shown in the Tree view are Unresponsive, the
storage array status is represented as Unresponsive.
In the EMW Status Bar and the AMW Status Bar, the icons also have these
behaviors:
•
Hold the mouse over the icon in the EMW Status Bar and the AMW
Status Bar to display a tooltip with a brief description of the status.
•
The icons for the Needs Attention status and Unresponsive status are
displayed in EMW Status Bar and the AMW Status Bar if there are
discovered storage arrays with either condition.
The EMW Tree view has additional status icons that are shown in the
following table.
Table 19-3.
Additional Status Icons
Status
Icon
Description
Unsupported Alerts
with a Needs
Upgrade Status
Setting an alert on a s storage array with a Needs
Upgrade status is not supported. In this case, the
storage array shows both a Needs Upgrade status
and an Unsupported Alerts icon in the Tree view.
The Unsupported Alerts icon indicates that the
storage array cannot be monitored.
Alert Set
If you installed the Event Monitor with MDSM,
and if you have set alerts, the Alert Set icon is
displayed next to the storage array status in the
Tree view for which the alerts are set.
Setting an Alert at
the Parent Node
Level
You can set alerts at any of the nodes in the Tree
view. Setting an alert at a parent node level, such
as at a host level, sets alert fir any child nodes. If
you set an alert at a parent node level and any of
the in-band storage array child nodes have a
Needs Upgrade status, the Alert Disables status
icon is displayed next to the parent node in the
tree view.
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Table 19-3. Additional Status Icons
Status
Icon
Adding a Storage
Array
Description
The Contacting Storage Array icon is shown in
the Tree view and Table view until the current
status of each managed storage array is known.
The Contacting Storage Array icon is shown in
the EMW Status Bar and the AMW Status Bar
and the tooltip shows Contacting Storage arrays.
As each storage array is contacted, its current status
is obtained and shown in the Tree view and Table
view. The applicable statuses are the Optimal,
Needs Attention, Fixing, or Unresponsive.
Adding a Storage
Array OK
No problems were encountered while adding the
storage array.
MDSM software continues to check for any
status change events.
Adding a Storage
Array Error
Displayed only when an error occurs.
NOTE: MDSM may take a few minutes to update a status change to Unresponsive
or from Unresponsive. A status change from or to Unresponsive depends on the
network link to the storage array. All other status change updates faster.
Storage Array Support Data
You can gather various types of inventory, status, and performance data that
can help troubleshoot any problem with the storage array. All the files are
compressed into a single archive in a zipped-file format. You can forward the
archive file to your Technical Support representative for troubleshooting and
further analysis.
To generate the support data report:
1 In the AMW, perform one of these actions:
•
Select Advanced Troubleshooting  Support Data  Collect.
•
Select the Support tab, and click Gather Support Information.
The Collect All Support Data window is displayed.
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2 Enter a name for the support data file in Specify filename or click Browse
to navigate to a previously saved file to overwrite an existing file.
The suffix .zip is added automatically to the file if you do not specify a
suffix for the file.
3 Enter the Execution summary.
4 Click Start.
After all of the support files are gathered, they are archived using the file
name that you specified.
5 Click OK.
NOTE: If a support data operation is running, it must complete before another
support data operation can begin. Concurrent collections are not supported and
results in an error message.
Automatically Collect the Support Bundle Data
You can use the Collect Support Bundle option to automatically save a copy of
the support bundle when the client monitor process detects a critical event.
During a critical event, the support bundle is saved to the local physical disk
of the client system in the same area that is used for other recovery
information. This information is not overwritten for at least 72 hours.
WARNING: Use this option only under the guidance of your Technical Support
representative.
To automatically collect the support bundle data:
1 In the AMW, select Advanced Troubleshooting Support Data
Automatic Settings.
2 Select Automatically collect support data for critical events.
3 To change the location of the saved support bundle, click Change.
The Change Folder Location window is displayed, navigate to the relevant
folder and click OK.
4 To reset the default location, click Reset.
5 Click OK.
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Collecting the Physical Disk Data
You can use the Collect Physical Disk Data option to collect log sense data
from all the physical disks on your storage array.
Log sense data consists of statistical information that is maintained by each
of the physical disks in your storage array. Your Technical Support
representative can use this information to analyze the performance of your
physical disks and for troubleshooting problems that may exist.
WARNING: Use this option only under the guidance of your Technical Support
representative.
To collect physical disk data:
1 In the AMW, select Advanced Troubleshooting Collect Physical
Disk Data.
The Collect Physical Disk Data window is displayed.
2 Enter a name for the physical disk data filename in Specify filename or click
Browse to navigate to a previously saved file to overwrite an existing file.
The suffix *.bin is added to the file automatically if you do not specify a
suffix for the file.
3 Click Start.
The physical disk data collection is completed and saved at the location
that you entered.
4 Click OK.
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Event Log
You can use the Event Log Viewer to view a detailed list of events that occur
in a storage array. The event log is stored on reserved areas on the storage array
disks. It records configuration events and storage array component failures.
The event log can be used as a supplementary diagnostic tool to the Recovery
Guru for tracing storage array events. Always see the Recovery Guru first
when attempting to recover from component failures in the storage array.
WARNING: Use this option only under the guidance of your Technical
Support representative.
The event log stores approximately 8000 events before it replaces an event
with a new event. If you want to keep the events, you may save them, and
clear them from the event log.
The event log window shows two types of event views:
•
Summary view—Shows an event summary in a table form.
•
Detail view—Shows details about a selected event.
To view the event log:
1 In the AMW, select Advanced Troubleshooting View Event Log.
The Event Log is displayed. By default, the summary view is displayed.
2 To view the details of each selected log entry, select View details.
A detail pane is added to the event log that contains detailed information
about the log item. You can view the details about a single log entry at a time.
3 To save the event log, click Save As.
The Save Events dialog is displayed.
4 Navigate to the relevant folder, enter the relevant file name, and click
Save.
5 To erase all log entries from the event log, click Clear All.
6 To exit the event log, click Close.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
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Recovery Guru
The Recovery Guru is a component of MDSM that diagnoses critical events
on the storage array and recommends step-by-step recovery procedures to
resolve the problems.
In the AMW, to display the Recovery Guru, perform one of these actions:
•
Click Recovery Guru
•
In the Support tab, click the Recover from Failure link.
•
From the Status pane on the Summary tab, click the Storage Array Needs
Attention link.
.
You can detect a problem using the following indicators:
•
Non-Optimal status icons
•
Alert notification messages that are sent to the appropriate destinations
•
Hardware indicator lights
The status icons return to Optimal status as problems are resolved.
Storage Array Profile
The storage array profile provides a description of all of the components and
properties of the storage array. The storage array profile also provides the
option to save the storage array profile information to a text file. You may
want to use the storage array profile as an aid during recovery or as an
overview of the current configuration of the storage array. Create a new copy
of the storage array profile if your configuration changes.
To open the storage array profile:
1 In the AMW, perform one of the following actions:
•
Select Storage Array View Profile.
•
Select the Summary tab, and click Storage Array Profile in the
Status area.
•
Select the Support tab, and click View Storage Array Profile.
The Storage Array Profile dialog is displayed. The Storage Array Profile
dialog contains several tabs, and the title of each tab corresponds to the
subject of the information contained.
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2 Perform one of these actions in the Storage Array Profile dialog:
•
View detailed information—Go to step 3.
•
Search the storage array profile—Go to step 4.
•
Save the storage array profile—Go to step 5.
•
Close the storage array profile—Go to step 6.
3 Select one of the tabs, and use the horizontal scroll bar and the vertical
scroll bar to view the storage array profile information.
You can use the other steps in this procedure to search the storage array
profile, to save the storage array profile, or to close the storage array profile.
4 To search the storage array profile:
a
Click
.
b
Type the term that you want to search for in the Find text box.
If the term is located on the current tab, the term is highlighted in the
storage array profile information.
NOTE: The search is limited to the current tab. If you want to search for the
term in other tabs, select the tab and click the Find button again.
c
Click the Find button again to search for additional occurrences of
the term.
5 To save the storage array profile:
a
Click Save As.
b
To save all sections of the storage array profile, select the All sections.
c
To save information from particular sections of the storage array
profile, select the Select sections, and select the check boxes
corresponding to the sections that you want to save.
d
Select an appropriate directory.
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e
In File Name, type the file name of your choice. To associate the file
with a particular software application that is displayed it, specify a file
extension, such as .txt.
NOTE: The file is saved as ASCII text.
f
Click Save.
6 To exit the storage array profile, click Close.
For more information, see the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager
online help topics.
Viewing the Logical Associations
You can use the Associated Logical Elements option to view the logical
associations among different virtual disks in a storage array. To view the
associations for source virtual disks, snapshot virtual disks, and snapshot
repository virtual disks:
1 In the AMW, select the Logical tab or in the Topology pane of the
Mappings tab.
2 Select View Associated Logical Elements.
or
Right-click the virtual disk to open a pop-up menu and select View
Associated Logical Elements.
If you select a virtual disk that does not have logical associations with other
virtual disks, the Associated Logical Elements option is disabled.
NOTE: The View Associated Logical Elements dialog is displayed, which
indicates the logical associations for the selected virtual disk.
3 To close the View Associated Logical Elements dialog, click Close.
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Viewing the Physical Associations
You can use the Associated Physical Components option to view the physical
components that are associated with source virtual disks, snapshot virtual
disks, snapshot repository virtual disks, disk groups, unconfigured capacity,
and free capacity in a storage array.
To view the physical associations:
1 In the AMW, select a node in the Logical pane of the Logical tab or in the
Topology pane of the Mappings tab.
2 Select View Associated Physical Components. Alternatively, if the
selected node is a virtual disk, you can right-click the node to open a popup menu and select View Associated Physical Components. If the
selected node is a disk group, unconfigured capacity, or free capacity, you
can right-click the node to open a pop-up menu and select View
Associated Physical Components.
The View Associated Physical Components dialog is displayed with a green
triangle next to the physical components that are associated with the selected
node.
3 To close the View Associated Physical Components dialog, click Close.
Finding Nodes
You can use the Find option to search for a particular node on the Logical
tab, the Physical tab, or the Mappings tab of the AMW. The search may be
based on a particular node name, the RAID level, virtual disk capacity, or
specific free capacity nodes. The search may be based also on one of these
combinations:
•
The node name and the RAID level
•
The node name and the virtual disk capacity
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To find nodes:
1 In the AMW, select View Find.
2 Based on the type of search, select one of these options, and go to the
indicated step:
•
Search by name—see step 3.
•
Search by special criteria—see step 4.
3 Type the name of the node to be found in Find Node. See step 8.
4 Based on the search criteria, select one of these options, and go to the
indicated step:
•
Find all virtual disks with RAID level—Go to step 5.
•
Find all virtual disks with capacity—Go to step 6.
•
Find all free capacity nodes—Go to step 7.
5 To search for all nodes based on their RAID level, perform these steps:
a
Select Find all virtual disks with RAID level.
b
Select the RAID level from the list.
c
Go to step 8.
6 To search for all nodes based on their virtual disk capacity, perform these
steps:
a
Select Find all virtual disks with capacity.
b
Type the capacity in the GB box.
c
Specify that the capacity to be matched is less than, equal to, or
greater than the capacity entered in the GB box.
d
Go to step 8.
7 To search for all Free Capacity nodes with a particular capacity, perform
these steps:
NOTE: This option is not available when the Search by name option is
selected or from the Mappings tab. You must cancel the selection of the
Search by name option to use this option.
282
a
Select Find all free capacity nodes.
b
Type the capacity in the GB box.
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c
Specify that the free capacity to be matched is less than, equal to, or
greater than the capacity entered in the GB box.
d
Go to step 8.
8 Click Find Next.
To see every node that matches the criteria, click Find Next repeatedly. If
no matches are found, the Search Failed dialog is displayed. Click OK, and
re-enter the search criteria.
9 To close the dialog, click Cancel.
To continue searching for nodes with the same criteria after the Find
dialog is closed, press <F3>.
Using Go To
Use the Go To option to quickly jump to an associated snapshot repository
virtual disk, snapshot virtual disk, source virtual disk, or target virtual disk.
These virtual disks are displayed in the Logical pane of the Logical tab.
The Go To option is available only if the Snapshot premium feature or the
Virtual Disk Copy premium feature is enabled or if snapshot virtual disks or
virtual disk copies currently exist on the storage array. The Go To option is not
accessible from the Mappings tab of the Array Management Window.
1 On the Logical tab of the AMW, select one of these virtual disks, and go to
the indicated step:
•
Snapshot virtual disk—Go to step 2.
•
Snapshot repository virtual disk—Go to step 3.
•
Source virtual disk—Go to step 4.
•
Target virtual disk—Go to step 5.
2 Select View Go To Snapshot Virtual Disk.
The selection jumps to the associated snapshot virtual disk in the
Logical pane.
3 Select View Go To Snapshot Repository Virtual Disk.
The selection jumps to the associated snapshot repository virtual disk in
the Logical pane.
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4 Select View Go To Source Virtual Disk.
The selection jumps to the associated source virtual disk in the
Logical pane.
5 Select View Go To Target Virtual Disk.
NOTE: If the source virtual disk has more than one associated target virtual
disk, select the target virtual disk that you want from the list, and click OK.
The selection jumps to the associated target virtual disk in the Logical pane.
Recovering From an Unresponsive Storage Array
Condition
A storage array can have an Unresponsive status for several reasons. Use the
procedure in this topic to determine a possible cause and solution.
MDSM can take up to 5 minutes to detect that a storage array has become
unresponsive or becomes responsive again. Before completing this procedure,
ensure that you wait some time before you decide that the storage array is still
unresponsive.
To recover from an unresponsive storage array:
1 Check the Tree View in the EMW to see if all storage arrays are unresponsive.
2 If any storage arrays are unresponsive, check the storage management
station network connection to ensure that it can reach the network.
3 Ensure that the RAID controller modules are installed and that there is
power to the storage array.
4 If there a problem with the storage array, correct the problem.
5 Perform one of these actions, depending on how your storage array is managed:
•
Out-of-band managed storage array—Go to step 6.
•
In-band managed storage array—Go to step 12.
6 For an out-of-band managed storage array, ensure that the RAID controller
modules are network accessible by using the ping command to ensure that
the RAID controller module can be reached. Type one of these commands,
and press <Enter>.
284
•
ping <host-name>
•
ping <RAID controller module-IP-address>
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7 If the verification is successful, see step 8, if not, see step 9.
8 Remove the storage array with the Unresponsive status from the EMW,
and select Add Storage Array to add the storage array again.
9 If the storage array does not return to Optimal status, check the Ethernet
cables to ensure that there is no visible damage and that they are
securely connected.
10 Ensure the appropriate network configuration tasks are performed. For
example, ensure that IP addresses are assigned to each RAID controller
module.
11 If there is a cable or network accessibility problem, see step 20, if not
step 12.
12 For an in-band managed storage array, ensure that the host is network
accessible by using the ping command to verify that the host can be
reached. Type one of these commands, and press <Enter>.
ping <host-name>
ping <RAID controller module-IP-address>
13 If the verification is successful, go to step 14. If the verification is not
successful, go to step 15.
14 Remove the host with the Unresponsive status from the EMW, and select
Add Storage Array to add the host again.
15 If the host does not return to Optimal status, go to step 16.
16 Ensure that the host is turned on and operational and that the host
adapters are installed.
17 Check all external cables and switches or hubs to ensure that no visible
damage exists and that they are securely connected.
18 Ensure the host context agent software is installed and running.
If you started the host system before you were connected to the RAID
controller module in the storage array, the host context agent software is not
able to detect the RAID controller modules. If this is the case, ensure that the
connections are secure, and restart the host context agent software.
19 If you have recently replaced or added the RAID controller module, restart
the host context agent software so that the new RAID controller module
is recognized.
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20 If the problem still exists, make the appropriate host modifications, check
with other administrators to see if a firmware upgrade was performed on
the RAID controller module from another storage management station.
If a firmware upgrade was performed, the EMW on your management
station may not be able to locate the new AMW software needed to
manage the storage array with the new version of the firmware.
21 If the problem persists contact your Technical Support representative.
22 Determine if there is an excessive amount of network traffic to one or
more RAID controller modules.
This problem is self-correcting because the EMW software periodically retries
to establish communication with the RAID controller modules in the storage
array. If the storage array was unresponsive and a subsequent try to connect to
the storage array succeeds, the storage array becomes responsive.
For an out-of-band managed storage array, determine if management
operations are taking place on the storage array from other storage
management stations. A RAID controller module-determined limit exists
to the number of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) connections that can be made to the RAID controller module
before it stops responding to subsequent connection attempts. The type of
management operations being performed and the number of management
sessions taking place together determine the number of TCP/IP
connections made to a RAID controller module. This problem is selfcorrecting because, after some TCP/IP connections terminate, the RAID
controller module then becomes responsive to other connection attempts.
23 If the storage array is still unresponsive, a problem may exist with the
RAID controller modules. Contact your Technical Support representative.
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Locating a Physical Disk
You can use the Locate Physical Disk option to physically locate and identify
one or more of the physical disks in an expansion enclosure by activating
physical disk LEDs.
To locate the physical disk:
1 Select the Physical tab.
2 Select the physical disks that you want to locate.
3 Select Physical Disk Blink Physical Disk.
The LEDs on the selected physical disks blink.
4 When you have located the physical disks, click OK.
The LEDs stop blinking. If any other blink operations (Blink Disk Group,
Blink Storage Array, Blink Physical Disk Ports, or Blink Expansion
Enclosure) are currently being invoked from another storage management
station, these LEDs also stop blinking.
5 In the rare case that the LEDs on the physical disks do not stop blinking,
in the AMW, select Storage Array Blink Stop All Indications.
If the LEDs successfully stop blinking, a confirmation message is
displayed.
6 Click OK.
Locating an Expansion Enclosure
You can use the Blink option to physically locate and identify an expansion
enclosure in the storage array.
The LED activation varies according to the type of expansion enclosure that
you have.
•
If you have an expansion enclosure with a white LED, the Blink Expansion
Enclosure operation causes the white LED on the expansion enclosure to
come on. The LED does not blink.
•
If you have any other types of expansion enclosures, this operation causes
the appropriate LED on all of the physical disks in the expansion enclosure
to blink.
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To locate the expansion enclosure:
1 Select the Physical tab.
2 Select a physical disk in the expansion enclosure that you want to locate.
3 Select Physical Disk Blink Expansion Enclosure.
The LED or LEDs on the expansion enclosure or physical disks come on.
4 When you have located the expansion enclosure, click OK.
The LEDs stop blinking. (If you have an expansion enclosure with a blue
LED, the LED goes off). If any other blink operations (Blink Storage Array,
Blink Disk Group, Blink Physical Disk Ports, Blink Expansion Enclosure, or
Blink Physical Disk) are currently being invoked from another storage
management station, these LEDs also stop blinking.
5 In the rare case that the LEDs on the expansion enclosure do not stop
blinking, from the Array Management Window, select Storage Array
Blink Stop All Indications.
If the LEDs successfully stop blinking, a confirmation message is
displayed.
6 Click OK.
Capturing the State Information
Use the Troubleshooting Capture State Information option to capture
information about the current state of your storage array and save the
captured information to a text file. You can then send the captured
information to your Technical Support representative for analysis.
Potential to cause an unresponsive storage array – The State Capture option
can cause a storage array to become unresponsive to both the host and the
storage management station. Use this option only under the guidance of your
Technical Support representative.
1 From the AMW, select Advanced Troubleshooting  Capture
State Information.
2 Read the information in the Confirm State Capture dialog, and type yes
to continue.
3 In the Specify filename text box, enter a name for the file to be saved, or
browse to a previously saved file if you want to overwrite an existing file.
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Use the convention filename.dmp for the name of the file. The suffix
.dmp is added to the file automatically if you do not specify a suffix for the
file.
4 Click Start.
NOTE: Each test shows a status of Executing while it is in progress. The test
then shows Completed when it successfully finishes. If any of the tests cannot
be completed, a status of Failed is displayed in the Execution summary
window.
5 Monitor the progress and completion status of all of the tests. When they
finish, click OK to close the State Capture dialog.
Clicking Cancel stops the state capture process, and any remaining tests
do not complete. Any test information that is generated to that point is
saved to the state capture file.
NOTE: See the PowerVault Modular Disk Storage Manager online help topics
for more information on troubleshooting, and recovering from failures.
SMrepassist Utility
SMrepassist (replication assistance) is a host-based utility for Windows
platforms. This utility is installed with MDSM. Use this utility before and
after you create a virtual disk copy on a Windows operating system to ensure
that all the memory-resident data for file systems on the target virtual disk is
flushed and that the driver recognizes signatures and file system partitions.
You can also use this utility to resolve duplicate signature problems for
snapshot virtual disks.
From a command prompt window on a host running Windows, navigate to:
C:\Program Files\Dell\MD Storage Manager\util and run the following
command:
SMrepassist -f <filesystem-identifier>
where -f flushes all the memory-resident data for the file system indicated by
<filesystem-identifier>, and <filesystem-identifier> specifies a unique file
system in the following syntax:
drive-letter: <mount-point-path>
The file system identifier may consist of only a drive letter, for example:
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SMrepassist -f E:
NOTE: In Windows, the mount point path is a drive letter.
An error message is displayed in the command line when the utility cannot
distinguish between the following:
•
Source virtual disk and snapshot virtual disk (for example, if the snapshot
virtual disk is removed).
•
Standard virtual disk and virtual disk copy (for example, if the virtual disk
copy is removed).
Unidentified Devices
An unidentified node or device occurs when MDSM cannot access a new
storage array. Causes for this error include network connection problems, the
storage array is turned off, or the storage array does not exist.
NOTE: Before beginning any recovery procedure, ensure that the host context
agent software is installed and running. If you host is started before it is connected
to the storage array, the host context agent software is not able to find the storage
array. If so, ensure that the connections are tight, and restart the host context agent
software.
•
If a storage array is managed by using both out-of-band management and
in-band management using the same host, a management network
connection problem may prevent direct communication with the storage
array. However, you may still be able to manage the storage array over the
in-band connections. The opposite situation can also occur.
•
If a storage array is managed through more than one host, it is possible
that the storage array may become unresponsive to communication over
the connections given by one host. However, you may still be able to
manage the storage array over the connections provided by another host.
Recovering From an Unidentified Storage Array
1 Ensure that the network connection to the storage management station
is operating.
2 Ensure that the controllers are installed and that the power is turned on to
the storage array. Correct any existing problems before continuing.
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3 If you have an in-band storage array, use the following procedure. Click
Refresh after each step to check the results:
a
Ensure that the host context agent software is installed and running. If
the host is started before it is connected to the controllers in the
storage array, the host context agent software is not able to find the
controllers. If so, ensure that the connections are tight, and restart the
host context agent software.
b
Ensure that the network can access the host by using the ping
command in the following syntax:
ping <host-name-or-IP-address-of-the-host>.
If the network can access the host, continue to step c. If the network
cannot access the host, go to step d.
c
Remove the host with the unresponsive status from the MDSM, and
add that host again.
If the host returns to optimal status, you have completed this procedure.
d
Ensure that the power to the host is turned on and that the host
is operational.
e
If applicable, ensure that the host bus adapters are installed in the
host.
f
Examine all external cables and switches or hubs to ensure that you
cannot see any damage and that they are tightly connected.
g
If you have recently replaced or added the controller, restart the host
context agent software so that the new controller is found.
If a problem exists, make the appropriate modifications to the host.
4 If you have an out-of-band storage array, use the following procedure. Click
Refresh after each step to ensure the results:
a
Ensure that the network can access the controllers by using the ping
command. Use the following syntax:
ping <controller-IP-address>
If the network can access the controllers, continue to step b. If the
network cannot access the controllers, go to step c.
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b
Remove the storage array with the unresponsive status from MDSM,
and add that storage array again.
If the storage array returns to optimal status, you have completed
this procedure.
c
Examine the ethernet cables to ensure that you cannot see any
damage and that they are tightly connected.
d
Ensure that the applicable network configuration tasks are done (for
example, the IP addresses are assigned to each controller).
5 Ensure that the controller firmware is compatible with MDSM on your
management station. If the controller firmware was upgraded, the MDSM
may not have access to the storage array. A new version of MDSM may be
needed to manage the storage array with the new version of the controller
firmware.
If this problem exists, see dell.com/support.
6 Look to see if there is too much network traffic to one or more controllers.
This problem corrects itself because the MDSM tries to re-establish
communication with the controllers in the storage array at regular times. If
the storage array was unresponsive and a subsequent try to connect to the
storage array succeeds, the storage array becomes responsive.
7 For an out-of-band storage array, look to see if management operations
are taking place on the storage array from other storage management
stations. The type of management operations being done and the
number of management sessions taking place together establish the
number of TCP/IP connections made to a controller. When the
maximum number of TCP/IP connections are made, the controller
stops responding. This problem corrects itself because after some
TCP/IP connections complete, the controller then becomes responsive
to other connection tries.
8 If the storage array is still unresponsive, problems may exist with
the controllers.
If these problems exist, see dell.com/support.
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Starting or Restarting the Host Context Agent
Software
The host context agent software module is the software component that
resides on the server or management station that communicates with the
MD3600f series storage arrays. The SMagent software automatically starts
after you reboot the host.
Windows
To restart the SMagent software in Windows:
1 Click Start Settings Control Panel Administrative Tools
Services.
or
Click Start Administrative Tools Services.
2 In the Services dialog, select Modular Disk Storage Manager Agent.
3 If the modular disk storage manager agent is running, click Action Stop,
then wait approximately 5 seconds.
4 Click Action Start.
Linux
To start or restart the host context agent software in Linux, enter the
following command at the prompt:
SMagent start
The SMagent software may take a little time to initialize. The cursor is
shown, but the terminal window does not respond. When the program starts,
the following message is displayed:
SMagent started.
After the program completes the startup process, text similar to the following
messages is displayed:
Modular Disk Storage Manager Agent, Version
90.02.A6.14
Built Wed Feb 03 06:17:50 CST 2010
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Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Dell, Inc. All rights
reserved.
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg10): Activating
Checking device /dev/sdb (/dev/sg11): Skipping
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg3): Activating
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg4): Activating
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg5): Activating
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg6): Activating
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg7): Activating
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg8): Activating
Checking device <n/a> (/dev/sg9): Activating
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Troubleshooting: Your Array
20
Safety First—For You and Your Array
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
Troubleshooting Storage Array Startup Failure
If your system halts during startup, check if:
•
The array emits a series of beeps.
•
The array fault LEDs are lit. See "RAID Controller Modules" on page 33.
•
There is a constant scraping or grinding sound when you access the hard
drive. See "Getting Help" on page 309.
Troubleshooting Loss of Communication
For information about troubleshooting loss of communication, see
"Troubleshooting Array and Expansion Enclosure Connections" on page 303.
Troubleshooting an SFP Transceiver
CAUTION: When handling static-sensitive devices, take precautions to avoid
damaging the product from static electricity.
NOTE: Before proceeding with this section see "Working with SFP Modules" and
"Fiber Optic Cables" in the Dell PowerVault MD3600f Deployment Guide at
dell.com/support.
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Equip yourself with antistatic protection and a replacement small form-factor
pluggable (SFP) transceiver before replacing an SFP transceiver in the RAID
controller module. Also, see the initial setup information for the enclosure to
verify LED definitions.
1 If possible, use the storage management software to create, save, and print
a new storage array profile.
2 If the Recovery Guru directed you to replace a failed RAID controller module,
go to step 3, else run the Recovery Guru to identify the failed component.
3 Unpack the new SFP transceiver.
NOTE: Ensure that the SFP transceiver is replaced by the same type.
NOTE: Set the new SFP transceiver on a dry, level surface near the RAID
controller module, the RAID controller module enclosure, or the
expansion enclosure.
NOTE: Save all the packing materials in case you need to return the
SFP transceiver.
4 To locate a failed SFP transceiver, view the FCIN (host channel) speed
LEDs on the front of the RAID controller modules. If an SFP transceiver
has failed, both FCIN speed LEDs for a particular port are off.
•
If both FCIN speed LEDs are off for a particular port with a known
good cable, the SFP transceiver must be replaced. Go to step 6.
•
If at least one FCIN speed LED is on for a particular port, the SFP
transceiver is functional. The FCIN speed LEDs indicate a channel
speed of 2 Gbps, 4 Gbps, or 8 Gbps (see "Host Channel LED
Link/Rate Indications" on page 36). Ensure that the speed indicated
by the LEDs is what is expected.
WARNING: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting
on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power
levels. Never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle.
CAUTION: To prevent degraded performance, do not twist, fold, pinch, or step on
fiber optic cables. Do not bend the fiber optic cables tighter than a 5 cm (2") radius.
5 If present, disconnect the fiber optic cable from the failed SFP transceiver.
6 Remove the failed SFP transceiver from the interface port.
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Figure 20-1. Removing an SFP Module
7 Install the new SFP transceiver into the interface port. Ensure that the
transceiver is properly seated.
8 Reconnect the fiber optic cable.
9 View the FCIN speed LEDs and the Physical Disk Channel speed LEDs.
Based on the LED status, perform one of these actions:
•
At least one of the FCIN LEDs for each port is on. Go to step 11.
•
Both the FCIN LEDs on an MD storage array RAID controller module
enclosure for a particular port are off.
•
Check that the SFP transceiver is installed correctly. Reinstall the SFP
transceiver if necessary.
NOTE: If the storage array is not in an Optimal status, click the Recovery Guru
toolbar button in the Array Management Window to determine if any other
actions are required.
10 If the problem is resolved, go to step 11. If the problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on page 309.
11 Create, save, and print a new storage array profile.
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Troubleshooting External Connections
•
Verify that the cables are connected to the correct ports before
troubleshooting any external devices. To locate the back-panel connectors
on your array, see Figure 3-1.
•
Ensure that all the cables are securely attached to the external connectors
on your array.
•
For information on cabling, see the Dell PowerVault MD3600f
Deployment Guide at dell.com/support/manuals.
Troubleshooting Power Supply/Cooling Fan
Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
CAUTION: It is recommended that you turn off the host server before turning off
the array to prevent loss of data.
1 Locate the faulty power supply and determine the status of the LEDs.
•
If the AC power LED is not lit, check the power cord and power source
into which the power supply is plugged.
•
Connect another device to the power source to verify if it is working.
•
Connect the cable to a different power source.
•
Replace the power cable.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
298
•
If the DC power LED is not lit, verify that the power switch is turned
on. If the power switch is turned on, see step 2.
•
If the power supply’s fault indicator is lit, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
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CAUTION: Power supply/cooling fan modules are hot-swappable. The array can
operate on a single power supply; however both modules must be installed to
ensure proper cooling. A single power supply/cooling fan module can be removed
from a powered-on array for a maximum period of 5 minutes. Beyond that time, the
array may automatically shut down to prevent damage.
2 Reseat the power supply by removing and reinstalling it. See "Power Supply
and Cooling Fan Features" on page 31.
NOTE: After installing a power supply, allow several seconds for the array to
recognize the power supply and to determine if it is working properly.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
Troubleshooting Array Cooling Problems
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
Ensure that none of the following conditions exist:
•
Array cover or drive blank is removed.
•
Ambient temperature is too high. See “Technical Specifications” in the
Getting Started Guide.
•
External airflow is obstructed.
•
The power supply/cooling fan module is removed or has failed. See
"Troubleshooting Power Supply/Cooling Fan Module" on page 298.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
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Troubleshooting Expansion Enclosure
Management Modules
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
CAUTION: It is recommended that you turn off the host server before turning off
the expansion enclosure array to prevent loss of data.
•
If the EMM status LED is solid or blinking amber (2 or 4 times per sequence):
a
Turn off the server.
b
Remove the EMM and verify that the pins on backplane and EMM are
not bent. See Removing an EMM in the MD1200 and MD1220
Storage Enclosures Hardware Owner's Manual.
c
Reseat the EMM module and wait for 30 seconds. See Removing an
EMM in the MD1200 and MD1220 Storage Enclosures Hardware
Owner's Manual.
d
Turn on the server.
e
Check the EMM status LED.
f
If the LED does not turn Green, replace the EMM.
If the problem is not resolved, step c.
300
•
If EMM status LED is blinking amber (5 times per sequence), update the
firmware to the latest supported firmware on both the EMMs. For more
information about downloading the latest firmware, see "Management:
Firmware Downloads" on page 229.
•
If the link status LEDs are not green:
a
Turn off the server.
b
Reseat the cables on the expansion array and the server.
c
Turn on the expansion arrays and then the storage array and wait until
the system is fully booted.
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d
Turn on the server.
e
Check the link status LED. If the link status LED is not green, replace
the cables.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
Troubleshooting RAID Controller Modules
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
CAUTION: In the case of non-redundant configurations, it is recommended that
you turn off the host server before turning off the array to prevent loss of data.
•
If the array status LED is solid or blinking amber:
a
In the AMW, select the Summary tab, and click on Storage Array
needs attention. Follow the listed procedures in the Recovery Guru(s)
and wait for up to 5 minutes to check if the LED has turned blue. See
"Recovery Guru" on page 278.
b
If following the recovery guru procedures does not solve the problem,
complete the following procedure to further troubleshoot the array.
c
Turn off the host server as appropriate.
d
Remove the RAID controller module and verify that the pins on
backplane and RAID controller module are not bent. See "Removing a
RAID Controller Module Blank" on page 249.
e
Reinstall the RAID controller module and wait for 30 seconds. See
"Installing a RAID Controller Module" on page 252.
f
Check the RAID controller module status LED.
g
Replace the RAID controller module.
h
Turn on the host server.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
Troubleshooting: Your Array
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•
If both LEDs for any given FCIN port are unlit, see "Troubleshooting Array
and Expansion Enclosure Connections" on page 303.
a
Turn off the server, storage arrays, and expansion enclosures.
b
Reseat the RAID controller module and reconnect cables on the
storage array and the server.
c
Restart the storage array and wait until the array is fully booted.
d
Turn on the server.
e
Recheck the LEDs of the affected port(s). Replace the fiber optic
cables of any port(s) where both LEDs are unlit.
NOTE: The SAS OUT status LED must be green.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
Troubleshooting Hard Drives
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
1 Check the storage array profile to ensure that the most current version of
the firmware is installed. For more information, see the Support Matrix at
dell.com/support/manuals.
2 Remove the hard drive from the system. See "Removing a Hard Drive" on
page 244.
NOTE: You must ensure that you check the hard drive indicators before
removing the faulty hard drive from the system.
3 Check the hard drives and the backplane to ensure that the connectors are
not damaged.
4 Reinstall the hard drive.
5 If the problem is not resolved, replace the failed hard drive.
If the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting Loss of Communication" on
page 295, "Troubleshooting an SFP Transceiver" on page 295, or "Getting
Help" on page 309.
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Troubleshooting Array and Expansion Enclosure
Connections
1 Verify that the SAS OUT status LED is green and that for each FCIN port
connected to a cable, at least one of the paired LEDs is on. If this is not
the case, see "Planning: RAID Controller Modules" on page 33.
2 Ensure that all the cables are attached correctly according to array mode
you selected.
3 Turn off the server, storage array, and expansion enclosures.
4 Reseat the RAID controller module and reconnect cables on the storage
array and the server.
5 Turn on the expansion arrays and then the storage array and wait until the
system is fully booted.
6 Turn on the server.
7 Check the LEDs of all cabled ports. Replace the fiber optic cables of any
port(s) where both LEDs are unlit.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
8 Reboot the host server.
NOTE: You must turn off the host server before resetting the cables on
the storage array or expansion enclosure.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
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Troubleshooting a Wet Storage Array
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
1 Turn off the array and disconnect all the cables.
2 Remove the following components from the array. See "Management:
Installing Array Components" on page 241.
•
Hard drives
•
RAID controller modules
•
Power supply/cooling fan modules
•
Control panel
•
Backplane
3 Let the system dry thoroughly for at least 24 hours.
4 Reinstall the components you removed in step 2.
5 Connect all the cables and turn on the array.
If the array does not start properly, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
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Troubleshooting a Damaged Array
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician.
You must only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in
your product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service
and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came
with the product.
1 Ensure that the following components are properly installed:
•
Hard drives
•
RAID controller modules
•
Power supply/cooling fan modules
•
Control panel
•
Backplane
2 Ensure that all the cables are properly connected and that there are no
damaged pins in the connectors.
3 Run diagnostics available in Dell PowerVault Modular Disk (MD) Storage
Manager software. In the AMW, select a component in the Physical pane of
the Physical tab. Select Advanced Troubleshooting Run Diagnostics.
If the test fails, see "Getting Help" on page 309.
Troubleshooting: Your Array
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Troubleshooting RAID Controller Modules
Conditions
Certain events can cause a RAID controller module to fail and/or shut down.
Unrecoverable ECC memory or PCI errors, or critical physical conditions can
cause lockdown. If your RAID storage array is configured for redundant access
and cache mirroring, the surviving controller can normally recover without
data loss or shutdown.
Typical controller failures are detailed in the following sections.
Invalid Storage Array
The RAID controller module is supported only in a Dell-supported storage
array. After installation in the storage array, the controller performs a set of
validation checks. The array status LED is lit with a steady amber color while
the RAID controller module completes these initial tests and the controllers
are booted successfully. If the RAID controller module detects a non-Dell
supported storage array, the controller aborts startup. The RAID controller
module does not generate any events to alert you in the event of an invalid
array, but the array status LED is lit with a flashing amber color to indicate a
fault state.
For full details on the LEDs and their interpretation, see "Back Panel Features
and Indicators" on page 29.
ECC Errors
RAID controller firmware can detect ECC errors and can recover from a
single-bit ECC error whether the RAID controller module is in a redundant
or nonredundant configuration. A storage array with redundant controllers
can recover from multi-bit ECC errors as well because the peer RAID
controller module can take over, if necessary.
The RAID controller module failsover if it experiences up to 10 single-bit
errors, or up to 3 multi-bit errors.
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PCI Errors
The storage array firmware can detect and only recover from PCI errors when
the RAID controller modules are configured for redundancy. If a virtual disk
uses cache mirroring, it fails over to its peer RAID controller module, which
initiates a flush of the dirty cache.
Critical Conditions
The storage array generates a critical event if the RAID controller module
detects a critical condition that could cause immediate failure of the array
and/or loss of data. The storage array is in a critical condition if one of the
following occurs:
•
More than one fan has failed
•
Any backplane temperature sensors in the critical range
•
Backplane/power supply failure
•
Two or more temperature sensors are unreadable
•
Failure to detect or unable to communicate with peer port
NOTE: If both RAID controller modules fail simultaneously, the enclosure cannot
issue critical or noncritical event alarms for any enclosure component.
When the enclosure is under critical condition, its enclosure status LED
blinks amber.
Noncritical Conditions
A noncritical condition is an event or status that does not cause immediate
failure, but must be corrected to ensure continued reliability of the storage
array. Examples of noncritical events include the following:
•
One power supply has failed
•
One cooling fan has failed
•
One RAID controller module in a redundant configuration has failed
•
A battery has failed or is removed
•
A physical disk in a redundant virtual disk has failed
When the enclosure is under noncritical condition, its enclosure status LED
blinks amber.
Troubleshooting: Your Array
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Getting Help
21
Locating Your System Service Tag
Your system is identified by a unique Express Service Code and Service Tag
number. The Express Service Code and Service Tag are found on the front of
the system by pulling out the information tag. This information is used by
Dell to route support calls to the appropriate personnel.
Contacting Dell
NOTE: Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service
options. If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find contact
information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog.
Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be available
in your area.
To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or customer-service issues:
1 Go to dell.com/contactdell.
2 Select your country or region from the interactive world map.
When you select a region, the countries for the selected regions are
displayed.
3 Select the appropriate language under the country of your choice.
4 Select your business segment.
The main support page for the selected business segment is displayed.
5 Select the appropriate option depending on your requirement.
NOTE: If you have purchased a Dell system, you may be asked for the Service Tag.
Getting Help
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Documentation Feedback
If you have feedback for this document, write to
documentation_feedback@dell.com. Alternatively, you can click on the
Feedback link in any of the Dell documentation pages, fill up the form, and
click Submit to send your feedback.
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Index
A
Access Virtual Disk, 70
Advanced Feature
Using Snapshot and Disk Copy
Together, 59
Advanced Features, 55
Snapshot Repository Virtual
Disk, 57
Snapshot Virtual Disks, 56
Advanced Path, 152
RAID Controller Module
Ownership of a Disk
Group, 129
RAID Controller Module
Ownership of a Virtual Disk or
a Disk Group, 134
RAID Level of a Disk Group, 130,
136
Segment Size of a Virtual
Disk, 109
Virtual Disk Cache Settings, 107
Virtual Disk Modification
Priority, 106
Array Management Types
In-Band Management, 69
Out-of-Band Management, 69
Choosing an Appropriate
Physical Disk Type, 111
B
Configuring
Host Access, 89
Hot Spare Physical Disks, 120
backplane
installing, 265
removing, 262
Battery Settings, 85
C
Change
Controller Ownership of the
Virtual Disk, 128
I/O Type, 110
Configuring Alert Notifications
SNMP, 83
Contacting Dell, 309
contacting Dell, 309
control panel
installing, 261
removing, 259
Copy Manager, 176
Index
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D
Defining a Host, 90
Dell
contacting, 309
Disk Group
Creating, 102
Expansion, 138
Export, 140
Exporting, 141
Import, 141
Locating, 104
Migration, 140
Disk Group and Virtual Disk
Expansion, 138
Disk Group Operations, 50
Defragmentation, 51
Expansion, 51
Limit, 51
RAID Level Migration, 50
Segment Size Migration, 50
Virtual Disk Capacity
Expansion, 51
Disk Groups and Virtual Disks
Creating, 101
Download
NVSRAM Firmware, 232
Physical Disk Firmware, 235
RAID Controller and NVSRAM
Firmware, 230
RAID Controller and NVSRAM
Packages, 229
RAID controller module
Firmware, 237
drive carrier
hard drive, 247
E
Enclosure Loss Protection, 123
Enterprise Management
Window, 66
Event Monitor, 87
Enabling or Disabling, 88
Linux, 88
Windows, 88
F
Failed RAID Controller
Module, 176
Features and Indicators
Front Panel, 26
Firmware Downloads, 229
Firmware Inventory, 267
View, 267
Free Capacity, 139
front bezel
installing, 242
removing, 242
H
hard drive
drive carrier, 247
installing, 246
Index
312
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removing, 244
Hard-Drive Indicator
Patterns, 30
Hardware Features
Back panel features, 29
Front panel features, 26
Hard drive indicator patterns, 30
Power indicator codes, 32
Power supply and cooling fan
features, 31
Host Group
Adding, 93
Create, 93
Moving a Host, 94
Removing a host, 93
Removing a Host Group, 94
installing
backplane, 265
control panel MD1200, 261
drive blank, 244
EMM, 252
EMM blank, 250
front bezel, 242
hard drive, 246
hard drives, 246
power supply/cooling fan
module, 258
L
Load Balancing, 60
Locating a Physical Disk, 287
Host Topology, 95
Host-to-Virtual Disk
Mapping, 125
M
Host-to-Virtual Disk Mappings
Creating, 126
Modifying and Removing, 127
Removing, 129
Managing Host Groups, 92
Hot Spare
Drive Protection, 123
Global Hot Spares, 122
Operation, 122
Media Errors and Unreadable
Sectors, 239
Hot Spares and Rebuild, 122
Managing Host Port
Identifiers, 97
MDSM, 22
Media Scan
Changing settings, 143
Suspending, 144
I/O Data Path Protection, 96
Microsoft
Virtual Disk Service, 269
Volume Shadow-Copy
Service, 269
Inside the box, 22
Microsoft Services
I
Index
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Virtual Disk Copy, 57
Monitoring Performance, 61
Multi-Path
Preferred and Alternate
Controllers and Paths, 59
Multi-Path Software, 59
N
Non-Exportable
Components, 140
O
Other Information, 23
P
phone numbers, 309
Physical Disk Security with Self
Encrypting Disk, 112
Physical Disk States, 42
Physical Disks, 42
Erasing Secure, 119
Unlocking Secure, 119
Physical Disks, Virtual Disks,
and Disk Groups, 41
Power Indicator Codes, 32
Power Supply and Cooling Fan
Features, 31
Preferred RAID Controller
Module Ownership, 176
Preparing Host Servers
Simple path, 150
R
RAID, 45
Changing Level of disk
group, 136
RAID 0, 45
RAID 1, 46
RAID 10, 47
RAID 5, 46
RAID 6, 46
Usage, 45
RAID Background Operations
Priority, 52
recommended tools, 241
Remote Replication
Activating, 186
Activation, 192
Creating, 194
Host Access, 185
Managing, 191
Virtual Disks, 186
removing
backplane, 262
control panel MD1200, 259
drive blank, 243
EMM, 251
EMM blank, 249
front bezel, 242
hard drive, 244
Index
314
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hard drive from a drive carrier, 247
power supply/cooling fan
module, 257
Removing Copy Pairs, 182
Removing Host Access, 92
Restricted Mappings, 132
Starting or Stopping the Host
Context Agent, 95
Storage Array
RAID Controller Module
Clocks, 86
Storage Array Media Scan, 143
S
Storage Arrays, 70
Automatic Discovery, 71
Manual Addition, 71
Safety, 21
Storage Partitioning, 137
safety, 295
support
contacting Dell, 309
Security Key
Changing, 116
Creating, 114
Saving, 117
Segment Size, 47
Setting a Password, 75
Setting Copy Priority, 178
Simple Path, 149
SMART, 43
SMrepassist Utility, 289
Snapshot Repository
Capacity, 159
Snapshot Virtual Disk
Creating using advanced
path, 150
Creating using simple path, 148
Snapshot Virtual Disks
Disabling, 162
Re-create, 164
Re-creating, 164
Switch Cascading, 190
T
telephone numbers, 309
Troubleshooting
Automatically Collect the Support
Bundle Data, 275
Capturing the State
Information, 288
Collecting the Physical Disk
Data, 276
Device Health Conditions, 271
Event Log, 277
Finding Nodes, 281
Locating an Expansion
Enclosure, 287
Recovering from an Unidentified
Storage Array, 290
Recovering from an Unresponsive
Storage Array Condition, 284
Recovery Guru, 278
Index
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Starting or Restarting the
Host-Agent Software, 293
Start-Up Routine, 271
Storage Array Profile, 278
Storage Array Support Data, 274
Unidentified Devices, 290
Viewing the Logical
Associations, 280
Viewing the Physical
Associations, 281
troubleshooting, 295
connections, 303
cooling problems, 299
damaged enclosure, 305
external connections, 298
hard drives, 302
loss of communication, 295
power supply/cooling fan
module, 298
startup failure, 295
wet enclosure, 304
Background Initialization, 48
Consistency Check, 48
Copy and Modification
Operations, 175
Copy Restrictions, 173
Copying, 177
Creating, 174
Creating a Copy for an MSCS
Shared Disk, 172
Cycle Time, 49
Failed Copy, 175
Foreground Initialization, 48
Media Verification, 48
Read/Write Permissions, 172
Recopying, 179
Recovery, 58
Stopping copy, 179
Storage Array Performance, 178
Virtual Disk Copy
Source, 58
Virtual Disk Expansion, 139
Virtual Disk Initialization, 47
U
Unconfigured Capacity, 140
User Interface
AMW, 67
EMW, 66
Overview, 65
Using Go To, 283
Virtual Disk Migration and Disk
Roaming
Disk Migration, 53
Disk Roaming, 55
Virtual Disk Operations, 47
Virtual Disk Operations
Limit, 49
Virtual Disk Ownership, 60
Virtual Disk States, 44
V
Virtual Disk
Virtual DiskCopy
Target, 58
Index
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Virtual Disks and Disk
Groups, 43
Z
Zoning
Guidelines, 190
Switch Configurations, 190
Index
317
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318
Index