tx250s fm transmitter

TX250S manual
TECHNICAL , MAINTENANCE
AND INSTALLATION MANUAL
TX250S FM TRANSMITTER
JANUARY 2002
CTE broadcast
Via Sevardi 7
MANCASALE (Reggio Emilia)
ITALY
Pag. 1
TX250S manual
OWNERS MANUAL
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
TX250S FM TRANSMITTER
Printed : 21-01-2002 Rev. A
Cod. MAN-TX-250-21012002A
ACCORDING TO R&TTE RULES
ITALY RESTRICTIONS : “L’uso dell’apparato è soggetto a concessione
Potenza RF : 250 Watt
Canalizzazione 100 Khz ( solo mod. TX250S ) “
All rights are strictly reserved
Reproduction or issue to third parties
in any form whatever
is not permitted without written authorization
Pag. 2
TX250S manual
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
1.1
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
-
DESCRIPTION OF THE DEVICE
Main features ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11
Available options------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
Block diagram---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
CHAPTER 4
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
-
Frequency and power ----------------------------------------------------------------------------8
Modulation capability----------------------------------------------------------------------------8
Characteristics in MONO------------------------------------------------------------------------8
Characteristics in STEREO----------------------------------------------------------------------9
SCA characteristics ------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
Readout on LCD display ------------------------------------------------------------------------9
Remote control -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
Power supply and temperature range --------------------------------------------------------- 10
Mechanical specifications --------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
Options ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 10
Standards satisfied ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
CHAPTER 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
CHAPTER 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
-
-
INSTALLATION
Unpacking and inspection--------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Installation -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Power supply ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Ground loops ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
Transmitter power up -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
Transmitter settings ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
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TX250S manual
Connection diagram------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 34
CHAPTER 5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
ADJUSTMENTS
-
MODULATION MEASUREMENTS
General informations--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 49
Modulation peak analysis measurements----------------------------------------------------- 50
Modulation power measurements ------------------------------------------------------------- 54
Considerations on the real measurements performed --------------------------------------- 55
About FM syncronous ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57
CHAPTER 8
8.1
8.2
8.3
-
PWN - PW500 module – power supply------------------------------------------------------ 42
A15 module– RF driver module -------------------------------------------------------------- 43
DC-250 module – directionl coupler --------------------------------------------------------- 44
MBP module – mother board ----------------------------------------------------------------- 45
A250 module – RF power amplifier---------------------------------------------------------- 48
CHAPTER 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
CIRCUITS DESCRIPTION
AUDIO-IN board------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
SINTD board ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 36
MBA board ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
AGC board-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
PWN board ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38
pw500-board ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 39
A15 board--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 39
LCDP board ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 40
A250 module ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
DC250 board ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
CHAPTER 6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
-
-
REMOTE CONTROL
TX250S serial communication protocol------------------------------------------------------ 59
PC connection ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 60
COM1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 60
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TX250S manual
CHAPTER 9
9.1
9.2
INTERNAL AND REAR WIEW
Internal adjastments and settings -----------------------------------------------------------------66
Rear connections------------------------------------------------------------------------------------71
CHAPTER 10
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
10.12
10.13
10.14
-
-
DIAGRAMS AND LAYOUTS
pwn board–main power supply---------------------------------------------------------------- 75
AUDIO-IN board - audio inputs --------------------------------------------------------------- 79
LCDP board–display driver ------------------------------------------------------------------- 85
MBP board – mother board ------------------------------------------------------------------- 90
KEY board – key------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 97
SINTD board–VCO oscillator --------------------------------------------------------------- 100
DMPX board– stereocoder ------------------------------------------------------------------- 104
AGC board– audio automatic gain control-------------------------------------------------- 108
MBP500 board–MBP / A250 connection--------------------------------------------------- 112
A15 board– RF driver module --------------------------------------------------------------- 115
DC250 board– directional coupler----------------------------------------------------------- 118
A250 module– power amplifier--------------------------------------------------------------121
PW500 module– auxiliary power supply---------------------------------------------------- 124
LPF500 module– RF low pass filter--------------------------------------------------------- 130
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TX250S manual
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1.1
Introduction
CTE has always managed to improve the safety standard if its transmitting and receiving
equipment. All produced systems are tested in compliance with international EN60950 and
EN60215 rules.
Obviously this is not sufficient to avoid any accident during the installation and the use of our
equipment in compliance with EN60215 rule, the radio transmitters and the auxiliary equipment
must be used by qualified technical staff only and CTE . declines any responsibility for damages
caused by an improper use or improper setting up performed by inexperienced staff, not qualified or
operating with instruments or tools not in compliance with safety set of rules.
WARNING
CURRENT AND VOLTAGE WORKING IN THIS EQUIPMENT ARE
DANGEROUS. THE STAFF MUST ALWAYS OBSERVE THE SAFETY
RULES, INSTRUCTIONS AND NORMS CONTAINED HEREIN.
WARNING
THE INSTRUCTIONS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL MUST BE READ
BEFORE SWITCHING ON OR SETTING THE TRANSMITTER
WARNING
ANY TRANSMITTER SERVICING, REPAIRING OR CHECKING
OPERATION REQUIRING THE OPENING OF THE TOP OR BOTTOM
COVER, MUST BE PERFORMED AFTER THE MAINS SUPPLY
DISCONNECTION WITHOUT REMOVING THE EARTH CONNECTION
WHICH THE EFFICIENCY MUST BE VERIFIED: THE CABLE MUST BE
IN GOOD CONDITIONS AND WELL CONNECTED.
WARNING
STAFF OPERATING UPON THE TRANSMITTER SYSTEM MUST NOT
BE TIRED: AFTER HEAVY WORKS OR CARRYING HEAVY
MACHINES BY HAND, IT IS NECESSARY TO RESPECT A PERIOD OF
REST BEFORE WORKING WITH SYSTEMS WHICH COULD HAVE
DANGEROUS ELECTRIC VOLTAGE IF THEY ARE NOT
DISCONNECTED.
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TX250S manual
WARNING
SEVERAL SYMBOLS, INSIDE THE TYPICAL TRIANGLE SHOWING
DANGER, HAVE BEEN PRINTED ON SEVERAL TRANSMITTER
PARTS. ATTENTION SHOULD BE PAID, BECAUSE THERE COULD BE
THE DANGER DUE TO HOT SURFACES, ELECTRIC VOLTAGE
HIGHER THAN 50VOLT OR OTHER SPECIFIED DANGERS.
Certain devices (for example the RF final circuits mosfets) contain Beryllium Oxide BeO; these
components must not be broken, crashed or heated. This oxide passes through the common systems
of filtering, including the respiratory apparatus. The prolonged inhalation at high degrees causes
poisoning with respiratory apparatus paralysis, till death.
WARNING
ALL THE MODULES CONTAINING BeO ARE MARKED WITH THE
TRIANGULAR WARNING SYMBOL INDICATING THE NOTICE:
WARNING !
TOXIC HAZARD
THESE DEVICES CONTAIN BERYLLIUM OXIDE
OBSERVE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS !
The staff in charge, besides being technically qualified, must have a practice of the first aid in case
of emergency or accident (reanimation, heart massage, mouth to mouth respiration, etc.).
Before going on with the operations to be performed, it is necessary to know the position of the
general electric switch and the one of the extinguishers, which are to be used very quickly if
necessary.
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TX250S manual
TX250S
FM BROADCASTING
TRANSMITTER
ELECTRICAL
2.1
SPECIFICATION
FREQUENCY - POWER
Frequency range------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 87.6 to 107.9MHz
Frequency setting -------------------------------- in 100KHz steps (model TX250S-S have 10 Khz steps)
Internal setting mode -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- by keys
External setting mode by remote control------------------------------------------- ( RS232-RS485-GSM )
Frequency stability--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ±1000Hz/year
Frequency generation---------------------------------------------------------------------------- PLL synthesizer
Modulation type------------------------------------------------------------ direct VCO frequency modulation
Nominal frequency deviation --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ±75KHz
Deviation linearity in all frequency range---------------------------------------------------------------±0.2dB
Peak detector error------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------<0.1dB
RF output power ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------0 to 250W
Power resolution setting --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1W
Power control limit setting ----------------------------------------------------------------------------1 to 250W
Power control stability ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ < 0.1dB
Reverse output power control limit ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 to 39W
Reverse output power steps control-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1W
Harmonics emission -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <-70dBc
Spurious emission----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <-95dBc
Carrier reduction power ( carrier enable off ) --------------------------------------------------------- >70dBc
2.2
MODULATION CAPABILITY
MONO (left and right) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------30Hz to 15KHz
STEREO (by internal stereo generator) -------------------------------------------------------30Hz to 53KHz
SCA (two channels) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 30Hz to 100KHz
COMPOSITE-----------------------------------------------------------------------MONO or STEREO + SCA
2.3
CHARACTERISTICS IN MONO
Signal input --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Left + Right
Input impedance---------------------------------------------------------------------- 600Ω (balanced) or 10kΩ
Unbalance rejection------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------>40dB
Input level------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- –6 to +12dBm
Pre-emphasis---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75 or 50µs
Audio frequency response (30Hz to 15KHz) --------------------------------------------------------- <0.15dB
Audio frequency response ( 19KHz to 100KHz) ------------------------------------------------------<-40dB
Modulation distortion ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <0.03%
Signal to noise ratio------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------>90dB
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TX250S manual
2.4
CHARACTERISTICS IN STEREO
Signal inputs ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Left or Right
Input impedance---------------------------------------------------------------------- 600Ω (balanced) or 10kΩ
Unbalance rejection------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------>40dB
Input level------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- –6 to +12dBm
Pre-emphasis---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75 or 50µs
Audio frequency response (30Hz to 15KHz) --------------------------------------------------------- <0.15dB
Audio frequency response (19KHz to 100KHz)--------------------------------------------------------<40dB
Cross-talk between left and right channel---------------------------------------------------------------->50dB
Stereo separation between left and right channel ------------------------------------------------------->50dB
Distortion at frequency deviation of 75KHz----------------------------------------------------------- <0.03%
Distortion at frequency deviation of 100KHz --------------------------------------------------------- <0.03%
Signal to noise referred at deviation of 75KHz---------------------------------------------------------->85dB
Suppression of 38KHz -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->70dB
Spurious suppression outside band--------------------------------------------.in according to ETS 300-384
Pilot reference for RDS encoder (19 Khz out) ----------------------------------------------------------- 1Vpp
2.5
SCA CHARACTERISTICS
Input (SCA1, SCA2) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- BNC unbalanced
Input impedance---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10KΩ
Frequency response (50KHz to 100KHz) ---------------------------------------------------------------<0.1dB
Distortion------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------<0.1%
Modulation capability ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------0 to 10%
2.6
READOUT ON LCD DISPLAY (40x4 characters)
Forward power resolution ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1W
Reverse power resolution ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 0.1W
Modulation resolution ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1KHz
Power amplifier voltage resolution---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1V
Power amplifier current resolution -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 0.1A
Heatsink temperature resolution ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1°C
2.7
REMOTE CONTROL
COM1 (front panel)directly to PC or by GSM---------------------------------------------------------RS232
COM2 (rear panel)to power amplifier-------------------------------------------------------------------RS232
COM3 (rear panel)for N+1 system or RNE remote control------------------------------------------RS485
Personal computer software------------------------------------------- National Instruments LAB-VIEW ®
Transmission protocol( COM1and COM2)-----------------------------------------------AES-EBU SP 490
Pag. 9
TX250S manual
2.8
POWER SUPPLY AND TEMPERATURE RANGE
Operating voltage ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------230VAC ±15 %
Operating voltage (Option D)-------------------------------------------------------------------115VAC ±10 %
Power Factor (Reactive and Harmonic Line Components)---------------------------------------------- >0.9
Line harmonic and flicker in according to--------------------------------------------------------- EN 61000
Line power ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <600VA
Nominal temperature range----------------------------------------------------------------------------5° to 45°C
Operating temperature range ----------------------------------------------------------------------- -10° to 50°C
Storage temperature range -------------------------------------------------------------------------- -40° to 50°C
2.9
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION
19” rackmount ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 485x135x530mm
Weight ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14Kg
2.10
OPTIONS
Option A-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Stereo generator
Option B------------------------------------------------------------------------Automatic Audio Level Control
Option C---------------------------------------------------------Remote Control (directly to PC or by GSM)
(Option D---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 115 Vac Operating Voltage
TX250S-S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 Khz frequency steps
2.11
STANDARDS COMPLYS ( R&TTE )
Electrical characteristics --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ETS 300-384
EMC characteristcs------------------------------------------EN 61000-3-3 EN 61000-3-2 ETS 300-447
Safety characteristics --------------------------------------------------------------------- EN-60950–EN-60215
Pag. 10
TX250S manual
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
3.1
Main features
TX250S is a FM band broadcasting transmitter with modern conceiving and technology,
which by a simple design produces an output radio signal with high characteristics of quality,
reliability and security.
The simple manufacturing obtained with a hi integration of functions, has allowed to create
a machine with few controls and connections. Most printed circuits are multilayer with a surface
mounting technology component assembling. The eventual repairing can be done by simply
changing the fault involved board, without searching the defective component.
One of the most important characteristics is done by the high quality of the frequency
modulation and the high signal-to-noise ratio; moreover, the modulation is typically constant within
0.1dB throughout the whole FM band (88–108MHz ). A proper peak detector allows to perform
both traditional modulation measurements (usual bar-graph with peak), and modulation and power
modulation ones with long observation periods (even with many hours or days) according to the
latest international regulations, which properly cared to fix a limit scientifically measurable to the
peak and modulation power (CEPT 54-01).
An particular audio circuit can control the input audio level with a ±6dB dynamics referred
to the nominal value: this can be extremely useful when the audio signal level is not fixed or when
this one can be subject to fluctuations (usually very slow) due to thermal driftsbad systems
maintenance, possible damages along radio link paths etc. A proper board can be inserted to obtain
this function and a proper microprocessor follows constantly the modulation value correcting
through proper algorithms, implemented in its memory, the value of the modulator gain, keeping
this way the modulation very close to the maximum allowed value. The corrections take place at
very long periods of time; the board does not perform the audio compressing-limiting functions, but
just compensates possible drifts occurring on the systems carrying the audio channel before entering
in the FM transmitter. No measurable phase or amplitude distortion is introduced in the modulation
when the automatic gain control circuit is enabled. In addition an alarm which switches the power
off in case of modulation absence can be inserted since the unmodulated carrier transmission is
forbidden in many countries, with no chance to identify the radio.
The transmitter can be set like a modern signals generator so the output power is completely
managed by a device which guarantees that the values of forward power, reflected power,
maximum output power versus the temperature and loading conditions, are always the ones set or
the ones allowed by maximum limits. A directional wide band coupler with remarkable directivity
and large on board memory allows to obtain a power accuracy worthy of a good measurement
instrument.
All parameters (frequency, levels, mono/stereo, pre-emphasis, power) can be set by the
keyboard and stored in E2PROM in order to be kept even without electric supply. A great number of
events can be stored: each alarm is distinguished by a starting and an ending alarm date. The
controlled parameters are: modulation absence, heatsink temperature, mains supply voltage, RF
power final stage voltage and current, main oscillator fault.
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TX250S manual
Besides the keyboard, the transmitter can be remotely controlled in different ways. A
personal computer can be connected as monitor to the DB9 socket placed on the front panel and by
a special program, to be load easily on the PC, all the transmitter parameters can be set and seen.
Furthermore it’s possible to perform all the modulation analysis provided by the CEPT 54-01
regulations and create the related graphics which can be stored as a file in the PC.
A second RS232 port placed in the transmitter rear part can be connected to the power
amplifier connected in series to the exciter, thus allowing the power data display on the same PC
connected to the front RS232.
A third RS485 port placed in the rear part can be connected to a MODEM which is
connected to the phone line thus assuring the transmitter telecontrol, remotely or from the studio.
The same RS485 port can be used for the connection N+1 of more transmitters (max 16). In
this case a transmitter acts as a “joker”, so it replaces the faulty equipment, automatically adapting
to all its parameters. Each transmitter is also provided with an output port (IN/OUT) suitable to
drive the antenna cable multiplexer and the one for the input audio signals switching.
3.2
Available options
a)
STEREO ENCODER
: additional board allowing the internal encoding of the
stereophonic signal
b)
AGC
: additional board allowing a frequency modulation
control
c1)
REMOTE CONTROL
: software for the PC or GSM connection
c2)
N+1 system
: software to obtain N+1 system
c3)
1+1 system
: software to obtain 1+1 system
d)
Line Voltage
: 115 Vac
Model TX250S-S have 10 Khz frequency steps
3.3
Block diagram
The transmitter can be modulated by five different audio signal.
The first two ones are made by monophonic left and right channels, which can be balanced
or unbalanced. The input dynamic goes from –6 to +12dBm with an input impedance which can be
high or low. On these channels either the European or American pre-emphasis value can be
inserted. A low pass filter on each of the two inputs assures a good attenuation of audio frequencies
higher than 15KHz which could interfere, in case of stereophonic transmission, with higher band
and with la subcarrier of the Multiplex signal; the out-of-band attenuation of the filter is not
excessive in order not to increase then phase distortion (group delay) of the in band audio signal:
Pag. 12
TX250S manual
60–70dB of attenuation, even with 0.1dB of amplitude linearity up to 15KHz, unavoidably
creates a
phase distortion on the analogue signal that an experienced ear can perceive. Right or left signals
can be combined to generate monophonic transmission (should you only have one of the two
signals, it will be necessary to externally put in parallel the two inputs); in case of stereophonic
transmission, the two channels are fed inside the stereo code board.
The mono signal or the stereo one, thus obtained, is combined with the other three possible
input audio signals: an external Multiplex signal and two SCA signals, one of which can be the
RDS one, which can be synchronized with a 19KHz one connected on the IN/OUT rear connector.
The composite signal can enter the AGC board, which has the task to check the its amplitude
and consequently to keep the modulation at the correct value, or it can follow its path and enter into
the frequency modulator after having passed through a limiter circuit (CLIPPER). This circuit must
became active just in cases of faults of previous circuits or in case of mistake in the setting of the
low frequency input nominal levels; this is to avoid to interfere with the adjacent channels. For not
activating this “fuse”, which produces remarkable distortions on the modulation, it is necessary to
take all proper cautions, that is the use of external compressor-limiters or by inserting the internal
AGC circuit which protects a lot against damages and drifts.
The oscillator, directly modulated by the composite signal, covers the whole FM band and
it’s syn thesized in steps of 10KHz . The reference frequency is obtained by a 10MHz crystal
,whilst the output frequency is set by the main microcontroller. The oscillator phase noise is very
good and it is in compliance with ETSI 300-384 regulations (<-145dBc for a shifting of 1MHz from
the carrier). The modulation linearity is typically contained within 0.1dB without complicated
corrections.
The RF final power circuit is wide band and it provides 250W RF output controlled with
high accuracy; directional coupler has a directivity higher than 25dB on the whole band and an error
which is lower than 0.2dB, it is also compensated in temperature and totally shielded.
The power supply is of a switching type and it gives the four essential voltages, all obtained
with this technique. The mechanical position of the power supply and the final circuits of RF power
allow to obtain a vent flu just for cooling of the involved circuits, obtaining this way a really
remarkable efficiency of that function. In normal running conditions, when the transmitter is
working in a full power at environmental temperature, the radiator temperature is lower than 50°C,
whereas the other circuits temperature does not exceed 30°C. No components are involved with the
air flow, so it isn’t requested a filter on the aspiration fan, which replacing is rather simple. The
power supply is completely shielded both for internal circuits and for its unavoidable emissions
toward the outside.
Data displaying and setting is obtained by a board which is placed directly on the front panel
containing a microprocessor, memory, keyboard, LCD display. The displaying area is wide so
allowing to display and set needed data in a very easy way, thus making the transmitter-user
technician interaction extremely user friendly.
It’s possible to protect the transmitter input and output parameter settings with a password,
while all measurements can be done by whoever without interfering on its operation.
Pag. 13
TX250S manual
Two communication RS232 ports and a RS485 port can make possible the communication
between the transmitter and a PC, with the power amplifier and the driver exciter, or with a modem
or GSM connected with the telephone line.
Maintenance or repairing of damages do not require the soldering use for the replacement of
the parts to be changed; only six flat cables link all different boards.
Pag. 14
TX250S manual
TX250S -
TRANSMITTER BLOC DIAGRAM
Pag. 15
TX250S manual
TX250S
-
POWER SUPPLY BLOC DIAGRAM
Pag. 16
TX250S manual
INSTALLATION
4.1
Unpacking and inspection
Immediately, after the transmitter has been delivered, please carefully check the package to
verify possible damages caused by shipment. Should be found some damages, please
immediately contact the CTE dealer.
It is recommended to keep the original package for a future shipment due to, for instance, repairing
or setting. A return with a package which is different from the original one will make the warranty
rights lost.
4.2
Installation
The transmitter TX250S is composed of a 19 inches width rack which takes 3 units in height in a
vertical rack mount.
It is recommended to use 4 fixing plastic washers in order to avoid damages to the front panel
varnishing. We remind to carefully connect the earth both to the transmitter and to the rack mountnever disconnect it without having switched the supply voltage off by the mains switch.
Design has considered the new rules concerning the electromagnetic compatibility so there aren’t
problems to locate systems CE marked nearby.
4.3
Power supply
AC power supply at 50/60Hz can be at 230VAC or 115V AC( opz.D )
The switching on control is placed for security reasons on the rear panel with the protection fuse,
which must have the value 3.15A for the higher voltage and 6.3A for the lower one and it must be a
fast type.
BEFORE SWITCHING THE TRANSMITTER ON, MAKE SURE
THAT THE POWER SUPPLY IS CORRECT AND CONNECT
THE RIGHT LOAD OR ANTENNA!
Pag. 17
TX250S manual
4.4
Ground loops
Sometimes connecting various ground sockets having different potentials may produce some
unwanted loops, which may create hum in the modulation: in this case it is essential to firstly
identify the origin of these currents, which normally spring from the antenna ground, mains supply
ground or from the input low frequency signals ground.
If the inconvenience can not be removed, the balanced input of the two channels LEFT and RIGHT
can be used, thus obtaining common mode noise rejection of 40dB approximately.
All the inputs and outputs are protected by diodes against the electrostatic discharges and they are
provided with filters against the RF noise ( in according to EN-61000 )
4.5
Transmitter power up
After making sure about the proper earth socket connection, correct power supply and connection of
the load on the antenna output, the equipment can be switched on.
If there is the first switching on, problems of wrong setting can’t occur since the transmitter
contains some standard values and the output power will be set to 1W, in order to avoid any
problem of interference or driving for possible following amplifiers. The set values will be
displayed and changed according to your need before the RF power is emitted from the transmitter.
The equipment is provided with a memory which holds all settings even when the electric supply is
off, however it is recommended to set the power at 1 W when uninstalling the transmitter itself to
avoid any problem in case of a new setting up.
REMEMBER THE PASSWORD !
To enter the setting menu, knowing the password is mandatory. It’s a four digits number written on
the transmitter delivery document. Should it be forgotten, it will be possible to perform the set up
by setting the Z2 jumper placed on the board LCDP (vertical board placed behind the rear panel) on
the soldering side; the jumper is easy to identify through the close capture: PASSWORD ON/OFF.
In this case, this operation must be performed with the equipment switched off and it requires also
the opening of the top cover which, at ended operation, must be closed again with all its screws; it is
essential to use a proper cross point screwdriver.
4.6
Transmitter settings
4.6.1
At the switching on, the display will glow giving for few seconds the
following screen shot
Pag. 18
TX250S manual
4.6.2 On the screenshot the options contained in the transmitter and the hour of the last switching
on will also appear and it will correspond to the current hour and date. If one finds out a
discrepancy between the hour given and the current one, it will be necessary to correct the error in
the clock setting.
If this screenshot is accessed from another menu, the indication LAST POWER ON will show the
last switching on date and it will be able to give the operator some indications about accidental
switching off.
4.6.3
If all the indications are right, after a while the first page will be shown;
which with the second one will contain all the most important measurements of the transmitter:
The display is explanatory enough
Pag. 19
TX250S manual
FREQUENCY
FORW. PW
REFL. PW
LOCK ON
MODULATION
TEMPERATURE
is the output frequency set in MHz
is the forward output RF power
is the input reflected power on the RF connector
shows that main oscillator is locked the programmed frequency
shows the modulation value of the COMPOSITE signal
shows the radiator temperature value of the RF power final mosfets
Moreover, in the lower part of the display, at the middle there is the indication of the number of
alarms eventually set in the memory which have taken place after the last clearing of the memory.
These ones will be displayed automatically by a continuous enter of
PAGE UP.
If one enters PAGE DOWN in this screen shot, the previous one returns and it will be possible to
see once again the date of the last switching on or to change the mains supply voltage value.
If an alarm is on, always in the same position of the display, the intermitting message ALARM will
be pointed out.
4.6.4
By entering PAGE UP, it’s possible to see the second screen shot of the most
important measures:
AUDIO LEVEL
PREEMPH. 75
AUDIO
CARRIER EN
PA VOLTAGE
PA CURRENT
MAX PW SET
RFL PW SET
is the nominal audio signal set on the setting window placed on the
rear panel: if this value doesn't match to the needed one, it’s possible
to choose 0 , 4.1 , 6dBm or, by placing the jumper on var, it’s
possible to choose a value between –6 and +12dBm.
is the chosen pre emphasis value, always on the rear window, also the
value 50µs can be selected; the inclusion or the disabling may be
performed by the keyboard in a following screen shot.
shows whether the transmitter is set to mono or stereo.
shows if the output power is enabled either by a keyboard command
or by an external command through the IN/OUT rear connector.
is the supply voltage of the RF power final mosfets.
is the voltage drained by the mosfet final power.
is the maximum power value which can be programmed by the
keyboard in the screen shot Forward PW adj (1–250W) to avoid
accidental over drivings of the following amplifiers.
is the maximum allowed output reflected power. Should this limit be
reached, the direct power will be reduced to keep constant the limit
value of the reflected power (1-30W)
Pag. 20
TX250S manual
4.6.5
displayed:
By entering again PAGE UP, eventual alarms present in the memory will be
They are stored in a chronological order ordered by number, type and date.
Besides the real alarm, also the complementary event is stored (return to normality), in order to
know the alarm period time:
By entering PAGE UP, the next alarm is displayed, or, if in the last screen shot of main measures
there was not any alarm, it will be displayed the screen shot for the PASSWORD request to access
the measures. If inside the transmitter the Z2 jumper placed on the DLCD board (in the rear of the
front display panel board) is placed to OFF, this request is skipped, so it’s possible to directly set
the transmitter.
4.6.6
The screen shot for the password request is the following:
To go on, it is essential entering the four numbers which can be known by reading the transmitter
delivery document. If the password is unknown or it is too difficult to open the top cover by
unscrewing the 26 locking screws, it is just possible to surf among the previous screen shots which
give all the information about the transmitter.
Pag. 21
TX250S manual
4.6.7
By entering the right combination and then ENTER, the first setting of the
transmitter is accessed:
In this screen shot i the maximum value of the direct power setting can be changed by the keyboard
with the limit of 250W, this to avoid to drive an eventual following amplifier, which could bear an
input maximum power of few Watts, with an excessive power and harmful consequences; therefore
in this screen shot output power can’t be adjusted, but a remedy is taken to solve a quite common
error in the output power adjustment of the exciter-amplifier systems.
The change and entry of new data may be performed by pressing the horizontal and vertical cursors
and the ENTER button.
4.6.8
Entering instead PAGE UP, the following screen shot is accessed:
In this screen shot, like in the previous one, it’s possible to set the higher limit of the allowed
maximum reflected power. If the set limit tends to be exceeded, for a bad antenna operation or a bad
load connected to the RF connector, the direct power is reduced proportionally so that this limit
won't be exceeded, thus protecting the RF power final mosfet. Usually the reflected power limit is
set to a value equal to 10% of the set direct power. Therefore, if the output power is adjusted at
250W, the reflected one can be 25W.
The higher limit of this parameter is 30W and the resolution is 1W.
4.6.9
By entering PAGE UP, the following screen shot is accessed:
Pag. 22
TX250S manual
In this screen shot the output power can be set by means of NEW F. PW adj.. The resolution is 1W
and the new direct power data are entered by the horizontal and vertical cursors and ENTER. After
the new power has been set, it will be possible to read the power measurement really present on the
antenna connector (forward and reflected), which may be slightly different from the set one due to
the control circuit error or it may be very different in case of standing waves on the output circuit
which forces the power control circuits to reduce the power in order not to exceed the reflected
power limits.
By means of the horizontal cursor, the power enable can be set, this software command doesn't
operate if the transmitter is externally disabled through a CARRIER EN control placed on the rear
IN / OUT connector.
Each output power variation command is softly performed with the achievement of the final value
in 3 seconds approximately.
4.6.10
By entering PAGE UP the following screen shot is accessed :
In this screen shot the output frequency can be set by the usual cursors with a resolution of 10KHz.
On the display the current frequency and the new value appear.
After the ENTER key has been pressed for the new value, the output power is disabled for a few
seconds, allowing the oscillator to exactly reach the new value.
4.6.11
By entering PAGE UP, the following screen shot is accessed:
Pag. 23
TX250S manual
All the rules concerning the radio transmitters in FM band include some limits of accuracy and
stability of the output frequency. These limits usually depend on parameters of internal crystal
reference, which are at the same time connected firstly to the temperature and ageing of the crystal
itself. For this reason the crystal have high performance and guarantees a considerable thermal
stability, however a frequency correction due to ageing is easily implemented just manually.
The present screen shot allows a very fine adjustment of the frequency value assigned to the radio
station without the need to open the transmitter. By entering a correction factor between 0 and 255,
the transmitter frequency can be corrected with a 25Hz step only; this operation can be performed
during the normal periodical check of the transmitter or, as it is shown below, through a remote
telecontrol ( modem , GSM ).
By entering the new correction value, it’s possible to reach a 2KHz offset in comparison to the
central value.
4.6.12
PAGE UP for a new screen shot :
In this case it’s possible to insert the pre-emphasis or to set the transmitter from mono to stereo and
vice versa.
The pre-emphasis value (50 or 75µs) is switched by a jumper placed on the rear window of the rack.
The pre-emphasis operates on the LEFT and RIGHT channels only.
By choosing the STEREO option, the LEFT and RIGHT channels are encoded with the stereo
subcarrier addition, from which it’s possible to get a synchronism in the IN/OUT rear connector
(1Vpp sine wave).
Pag. 24
TX250S manual
On the opposite, if an external stereophonic source is already available, the LEFT and RIGHT
inputs must be kept free by using the MPX input (rear BNC); in this case the transmitter must be
set to MONO even if the transmission is STEREOPHONIC.
When the transmission is monophonic, if one enters by the two LEFT and RIGHT channels, the
transmitter is modulated at the nominal value; if only one channel is available, this one must enter at
the same time both in the LEFT and RIGHT channel inputs, so they must be put in parallel
otherwise the deviation would be half of the nominal one.
4.6.13
By entering PAGE UP the following screen shot appears :
Here it’s possible to see the frequency deviation value and the input signal values.
When the composite signal is chosen (addition of all the modulating signals), the numerical and
visual indication appearing is the frequency modulation expressed in KHz while on the LEFT,
RIGHT MPX signals, the level is measured and displayed as value 100 when it matches the
nominal value.
The indication states the peak and the chosen measurement will be flashing displayed on the LCD.
By modulating the transmitter through the nominal level input signals and with fixed tone (i.e..
400Hz), the deviation must not exceed 75KHz (COMP) and the input signal level must not exceed
100%. But if a music signal is available at the input, indication can also exceed this value and the
exact rules for this check will be seen in the screen shot 11.
Besides, if the automatic audio gain control is off, the 75KHz deviation value is equivalent to 100%
of the input signal values. On the opposite, if the AGC is on 75KHz deviation can be obtained by an
input signal which is variable, as level, from half to the double of the nominal value.
4.6.14
By entering PAGE UP the following screen shot will appear:
Pag. 25
TX250S manual
In this screen shot it’s possible to enter, if installed, the option of the modulation level automatic
control due to the audio signals: when the AGC is on, the maximum modulation value is checked at
75KHz varying the audio amplifiers gain; the dynamic is ±6dB and this is useful when the input
signal level is not sure.
For a wider explanation about the AGC operating see paragraph 4.4.
There is also a control on the modulation presence, since everywhere it isn’t allowed to transmit by
unmodulated carrier; after two minutes of modulation absence an alarm can be given and the power
can be disabled. When the modulation returns to the normal value, the alarm stops and the usual
operation is restored; in case of stereophonic transmission, the threshold for the modulation absence
is 10KHz, because of the subcarrier value.
4.6.15
By entering PAGE UP the following screen shot appear :
Pag. 26
TX250S manual
Pag. 27
TX250S manual
The previous eight screen shots, if selected, allow to perform the measurement of the modulation
analysis according to the CEPT 54-01rule. For an exhaustive explanation of this new measurement
method see chapter 7.
Briefly, it can be said that a music signal can exceed the limit threshold of 75kHhz, provided that
this exceeding is contained in a certain percentage. The rules concerning this topic are contained in
the above mentioned regulation and in the IEC-244. Thus it’s possible to quantify the excess of over
modulation peak and it’s possible to show, as in the appendix, that the numerical factor K fixing
this limit can not be greater than 0.2. Modulation power on the opposite can not be higher than the
one relating to a sine signal deviating 19KHz (reference =0dB)
The observation period, for the measurement and the calculation of these factors, is 1 minute, after
that the result will be displayed.
For the calculation of the K over modulation peak factor, 1200 samplings are performed during a 60
sec measurement, and the value factor is obviously 0 if no peaks exceed 75KHz. The value 0.2 is
acceptable as a higher over modulation limit; the value 0.5 shows that the modulation must be
reduced of 1dB at least, values higher than K indicates strong over modulations.
For the modulation power, over 10 millions of samplings are performed during the minute of
examination and power integral defined in the measurement segment is calculated; the result is
compared to the one equivalent to a sine signal which deviates 19KHz; the result of the comparison
is expressed in dB and it must not be higher than 0, in order to make the measurement complying
with the rule. This limit is debatable and, as it has been described in chapter 7, normally in on-field
measurements the values of 2,3dB are found which, after all, we estimate don’t cause over
modulations.
Since the peak modulation values are random (they depend, besides on the set levels, on the type of
musical pieces as well), K or PM values can remarkably vary during the day relating to the type of
the transmitted program; it’s useful to do many measurements at different times by trying to
measure dance-music rather than spoken. By using the Personal-Computer interfaced with COM1
placed on the front panel it’s possible to perform this measurement with many hours of observation
periods as it will further be seen.
Pag. 28
TX250S manual
4.6.16
By entering PAGE UP the following screen shot is accessed:
Here the transmitter internal clock which is used for the memorisation of all the events can be set.
At the top the current date appears, the new date at the bottom; in left to right order month, day,
year, hours, minutes, seconds appear.
4.6.17.1
By entering PAGE UP the next page is accessed:
By pressing three times the ENTER button, all the alarms in the memory are erased.
Scrolling through the main menu, the page “temporal power reduction” will come up. On this page,
it is possible to reduce or increase the output power for a period of a day at a time. This allows, for example,
a night-time energy savings if during that time the output power is reduced.
To activate this function, enter start and stop times and press the ENTER key.
Pag. 29
TX250S manual
Pushing the blue button (REMOTE 232/485) recalls the remote control page.
The XPT transmitter has three serial ports, one front and two rear ones. The first, COM1, allows direct
connection with a PC or a GSM cellular telephone equipped with an RS232 port.
The second one, COM2, allows connection with a power amplifier using the same port, and as such is able to
transmit data from another equipment provided with software for a remote connection over long distances.
The third one, COM3, is used for the N+1 system using a loop created with an RS485.
Using COM1, it is possible to dialogue with a connected PC directly with, or through, a GSM. For
such use, a program created through National’s LABWIEW program is supplied which can be
easily installed on a PC (PENTIUM II or higher).
To directly dialogue with a PC, install the program. Go to the remote control page by pressing the blue key
on the TX. Choose first COM1 using the horizontal cursor, then the PC option with the vertical cursor,
finally pressing ENTER. A LED should light up indicating a remote connection with the PC, which is
connected to the transmitter using a DB9 male – DB9 female cable. Following the instructions given, start
the program on the PC. After a few seconds, the connection should become active and, using remote
keyboard, it should be possible to control the transmitter.
To dialogue with a PC directly through a GSM phone requires connecting a GSM, enabled for data
transmission, to COM1. On the remote control page, select the GSM option, wait some second for the
connection and read the GSM FIELD value (must be >10 for correct connection ) and press ENTER when
the cursor is on the GSM labele.
Wait for the PC to indicate that it has also connected to the
telephone line via an analogue modem. The program installed on the PC uses all available drivers and
resources already installed. As such, it is only necessary to dial the number of the cellular phone to create a
remote connection with the TX250S transmitter.
COM2 cannot be accessed via the keyboard, but is rather activated automatically if an amplifier is connected
to it. If an amplifier is connected, the word OFF next to COM2 on the remote page will be substituted by the
same of the connected amplifier.
Data from the serial connection is transmitted solely using the two RX and TX port cables as a
communication protocol has been created (AES-EBU SP490), similar to that used for data
transmission on the RDS system used in the broadcasting field. This protocol allows for a huge
reduction in error rate, which is especially important when changes to the transmitter’s parameters
are made remotely. A system of data transmission similar to that of the RDS was chosen because,
as the size of data from that system is similar to our TX250S, the protocol allows the operation even
with very low signal-to-noise ratio, and particularly because this avoids creating yet another
untested personal protocol.
Pag. 30
TX250S manual
Among the various options in the main menu, there is the possibility of memorizing two
cellular phone numbers and the site or radio name to which the TX250S transmitter will send SMS
messages if an alarm or power up is detected. This pages are called “GSM number settings for
SMS send” and “transmitter site name setting for SMS send”.
Each phone number is composed
of a maximum of 16 numbers, with the first number occupying the most left-hand position, the last
number being followed by the characters “:” up to the 16t h position. After entering the first cellular
phone number, pressing ENTER will store the number; the cursor will then move automatically to
the second number, which can be entered in the same format. To send the alarm message, once the
transmitter is set and connected to the GSM via a serial cable, press the blue remote key, select
GSM, and press ENTER.
If an alarm or new power up is detected, the GSM will send the following messages:
RTL-GREEN VALLEY
ALARM FROM TX250S
SERIAL NUMBER 4532
Date: 12/11/2001 10:31
RTL-GREEN VALLEY
POWER UP FROM TX250S
SERIAL NUMBER 4532
Date: 12/11/2001 10:31
At this point, the user can connect to the transmitter with the detected alarm via a PC and verify
from the transmitted data the nature of the problem (failure or line power down), intervening with
the appropriate equipment to repair the failure.
The creation of an N+1 connection is possible with multiple transmitters. In this case, if
failure occurs, a “MASTER” (joker) transmitter substitutes the “SLAVE” transmitter in a system
where multiple radiating systems are operating in FM band.
A maximum number of 16 SLAVES can be connected to this system, and can all operate on various
powers and frequencies.
Pag. 31
TX250S manual
All SLAVES are connected via the rear serial port RS485 with one single loop that crosses all the
DB9 connectors entering and exiting the transmitter, as happens with measuring instruments
connected with the IE488; as such, each one has a male DB9 and a female DB9.
The joker transmitter is also included in the loop.
The joker’s rear IN/OUT exit must be connected to the antenna and the audio frequency switching system.
Once the connection is terminated, the operating parameters of each TX SLAVE must be programmed, and
the data must be entered on the page: “N+1 system setting”.
No parameter settings are necessary for the MASTER except entering data on the N+1 page.
When the global system is turned on, each SLAVE transmitter operates on its own program, while the
MASTER remains in stand-by, memorizing, via cyclical interrogation on the RS485 ports, the data for each
SLAVE transmitter.
Once storage of the various transmitter settings is complete, a cyclical check is continued to ensure that no
alarms are detected which could be caused by a failure. In the event of a failure (negative response to OK, or
no response at all), the MASTER sets itself to the parameters of the transmitter with the failure and, using its
IN/OUT port, commands switching of the antenna and audio frequency, then supplying the RF power.
If the alarm from the transmitter with the failure ceases sounding, the transmitter will not take over control of
the antenna; the joker will continue to remain active until a technician intervenes to repair the failure and restart the system.
If the alarm is detected on more than one transmitter, the joker will substitute the transmitter with the lowest
assigned number on the N+1 page – the most important one.
A particular case, which is more simple, is the condition N=1. This is when the system is
1+1; switching of the antenna, and especially the audio frequency, is much simpler.
The two transmitters, MASTER and SLAVE, operate on the same frequency with identical parameters,
therefore saving the serial connection with the RS485 for the communication of data settings; the serial
connection can then be used for remote connection with a modem.
Creating a connection such as the one in FIG.65 is therefore sufficient as well as contacting the factory for
getting the UNOP1 software.
Pag. 32
TX250S manual
Switching of the audio signal is not necessary as it is the same for both transmitters. A resistive splitter can
eventually de-couple the two audio inputs.
Switching of the coaxial relay can be done directly through the TX250S as long as excitation
current is not greater than 250 mA.
TX250S TRANSMITTERS
1 + 1 CONNECTION
(example )
Max current coax switch :
250 mA
ON MBA BOARD
:
MONO - MPX level set
Z1 and Z2 -> CLOSED
: 0 dBm ( for 4.1 dBm low frequency input )
Pag. 33
TX250S manual
CONNECTION DIAGRAM
Pag. 34
TX250S manual
CIRCUITS DESCRIPTION
5.1
AUDIO-IN board
The AUDIO-IN board has the task to interface the input audio signals with the modulator. Level
adjustments are performed on them, as well as pre-emphasis insertion and input impedance
selection. The outputs, going through a flat-cable to the mother board, are raised to a high level and
made balanced in order not to be interfered with the transformer flow dispersion.
The LEFT and RIGHT signals available on the connectors placed on the rear panel enter,
after a first RF noise filter, respectively into U6 and U1. By the U11 switch and the Z1 jumper
accessible at the back, the input impedance can be selected (600Ω or 10kΩ). A similar function is
performed by the jumpers Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, which allow to select the input nominal value level; on
the two channels MONO examined, the switches U13 and U12 change the gain by switching three
resistances or a trimmer to put the input level to 0, 4.1, 6dBm or by RT3 and RT4 to a level between
–6 and +12dBm. The signal is then the pre-emphatized; the value 50µs or 75µs is chosen by the
jumper Z2, while the possible inserting is controlled by the front keyboard. Through U3 and U4 the
LEFT and RIGHT channels output is made differential.
The MULTIPLEX external signal path is simpler. On it, it’s only adjusted the level at the
nominal value by U16, still controlled by Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6. U9 adds up the MPX signal with the two
SCA signals and generates the balanced output signal.
Normally, on the SCA signals it’s difficult to establish an input nominal level since their
contribution to the frequency deviation is variable and depends both on the number of subcarriers
between 53 and 100KHz and on the difference about MONO or STEREO transmission. In any case,
the total deviation of all the subcarriers (19KHz, SCA1, SCA2) must not exceed 10% of the
maximum nominal deviation, which in most cases is ±75KHz. If the transmitter is monophonic and
only the RDS signal placed in one of the two SCA inputs is present, the deviation level of the
transmitted data can reach ±7,5KHz; whereas if the transmitter is stereophonic and besides the RDS
signal also a lower quality audio channel on a subcarrier is present, for example at 76KHz, the total
of each subcarrier deviations can’t exceed ±7,5KHz. The stereo driving carrier will deviate ±4KHz,
the RDS signal and the other audio channel will have to deviate, for example, ±1,75KHz.
For this reason, it has been preferred to make the SCA channel levels independent between the
nominal input one of the audio channels. The adjustment is obtained by RT1 and RT2 trimmers
always placed on the rear panel.
All the set levels are showed in the display and the choice to adopt a parameters manual setting
related to the input signals level has been preferred to an easier keyboard setting to avoid a non
standard levels setting which makes the servicing or the transmitter replacement problematical. The
audio signal level errors must not be cleared on the transmitter, but at a former stage. Normally,
every broadcasting station fixes a nominal level for all signals and all the adopted equipment must
respect this sole value. As higher is this value, as higher will be the noise immunity, and the signalnoise ratio as well.
Pag. 35
TX250S manual
5.2
SINTD board
SINTD board is placed at the rack centre, directly connected to the mother board from which it can
be quickly removed. It has the function of frequency synthesized oscillator (88–108MHz)
modulated by the audio composite signal.
The FET Q1 is the core of the board and oscillates at the set and controlled frequency. All the
techniques to obtain high performances in terms of noise and modulation linearity have been
adopted. Moreover for a decade EL.CA already have been adopting these circuits solutions
(oscillators with coaxial line) for frequencies even till 3GHz for FM transmitters and audio links.
Eight varicaps DV1-DV8 modulate the oscillator being driven by the Q2 low output impedance
which reduces Nyquist this way wide band noise produced by the variable capacity diodes; at
1MHz between the carrier, the SSB noise is already better than –145dBc, in accordance to ETSETSI-300-384. The Q3 transistor reduces the flicker-noise due to the power supply; the D3-D4
series doesn’t allow the Q1 saturation, while Q4 and Q5 uncouple the oscillator from the following
amplification stages. The U14 output has a power of 10dBm.
The Q6 transistor leads the oscillator signal into the prescaler of the PLL circuit (U4); this
integrated circuit performs all the frequency synthesis functions: it’s set by U1 ports through the
main microprocessor placed on the DLCD board. The reference frequency (10MHz) is produced by
Q7.
The error amplifier of the phase comparator internal to the PLL chip is composed by U13 and U2
and it has a closed loop cut frequency lower than one Hertz, so that the lowest frequencies of the
modulating stereophonic signal can maintain a separation higher than 50dB between the two
channels. The modulation, coming from the mother board and from the AUDIO-IN board, is simply
added to the VCO error voltage, no linearization has been provided to make the deviation constant
versus the output frequency; typically the deviation error is contained within 0,1 dB all over 20
MHz band.
The oscillator has been carefully shielded to avoid that close transmitters could induce spurious
frequencies on the output.
Pag. 36
TX250S manual
5.3
MBP board
The central board has the task to distribute the power supplies and the input and output signals;
moreover, the audio filters and the peak-to-peak detector for the different modulation level
measurements are implemented in it.
Both the left and the right channel signals coming from the AUDIO-IN board through the J7
connector, pass through an elliptic filter made of precision active components; the bandwidth at
0.1dB is 15KHz and the attenuation over 19KHz is higher than 40dB; no adjustment is provided,
the resistances have a precision of 0.1% and the capacitors are selected and high quality type. U3,
U4, U5 and U6 make the left channel filter, the right one is symmetrical.
Another elliptic filter of an lower order clean the MULTIPLEX signal by removing the spurious
signals created by the switching over 600KHz; however this is a typical L-C placed between the
two sections of U1. The two further stages formed of U2 make a phase equalizer (RT2) and a
amplitude equalizer (RT3) to compensate the DMPX board errors and the previous filter.
The operational amplifier U12 generates the composite signal by adding all the signals; the output
of the first section can either enter in the automatic gain control optional board or, in its absence, it
enters the U12 second section which acts as a clipper using the saturation and the interdiction of the
operational amplifier output circuit. The threshold value is regulated by RT6, this output of this
stage enters directly into the frequency modulator placed on the SINTD board.
The U17 switch selects the audio signal to be measured which the level is detected by a peak-topeak detector made by U13, U14, U15. Through the U18 switch, controlled by the DLCD board,
the measurement can be of peak or envelope, in accordance to the peak measurements or
modulation power.
A circuit made of U22 and U23 disables the output power in case of external command (CE) or
synthesizer fault. This function is performed through software also and this circuit represents a
security guarantee for such an important function.
5.4
AGC board
The task of this board is to guarantee the maximum allowed modulation where is not sure that the
input audio signal has a fixed value. This option can be added to the transmitter at any time and,
when it’s present, the Z3 jumper placed on the MBA board must be set to ON. Its adjustment, when
enabled, is 6dB around the nominal value and it uses 32 gain variation steps of 0.3dB each approx.
The operation is quite simple: a wide band amplifier (U6) has the gain which depends on the R2 … - R33 resistive value; these are switched by U2, U3, U4 and U5, they are controlled at their time
by the microcontroller U1. The AGCO output audio signal is detected by U7, U8 and U9 and the
peak-to-peak value is measured by the microcontroller, which consequently decides which gain
must be given to the amplifier.
The intervention time of the gain variations is not constant, but it’s for the input signal value; the
gain variation algorithm versus the time is complex in order not to distort the signal, anyhow it’s
possible to say that, when the signal has a level equal to half of the nominal one, in a couple of
Pag. 37
TX250S manual
minutes approximately or little bit more it’s restored to the nominal value. On the opposite, when it
has a value which is the double of the set value, it takes just few seconds to reach the nominal value.
On the board it’s possible to activate an alarm signal which takes place when the modulation is
lower than 10KHz for a period of time longer than two minutes (the level 10KHz has been selected
because is a little higher than the value due to the stereo subcarrier). When the modulation absence
alarm is on, the output power is removed and the transmitter remains in stand-by until the
modulation will be restored.
5.5
PWN board
Power supply for the transmitter does not come from a conventional source (line or
switching with a mains supply transformer). A new approach to power source has been created for:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
elevated efficiency
significantly smaller size
light weight
consumption of sine current
significantly lower reactive power, and therefore less absorbed current
f)
conformity with emission regulations regarding mains supply’s harmonics (EN-61000-3-2 and EN61000-3-3)
The negative side to all of these advantages is that active components are not insulated from the
mains supply. However, in each position there should be a transformer for line insulation, thus
confining the problem to weak positions, which sooner or later will require installation of this
transformer in order to protect against high-intensity electrical shocks.
All traditional power supplies are comprised of a transformer, a rectifier bridge, a large capacity,
and a circuit regulating output voltage which can be linear or switching. In both cases, the absorbed
current from the transformer’s primary circuit, which turns out to be the line current, is not
sinusoidal but rather impulsive, with rising edges due to the switching of the rectifier bridge diode
conduction. This is learned in school, though the consequences of a similar absorption are never
noted: in this case a virtual reactive power exists that is caused by the harmonics of the current
(Fourier transformation of impulses) with all of the disadvantages of this power. In this case, it is
preferable to focus on power factor rather than phase angle. It is possible to reach such high values
that it becomes necessary to re-size the transformer with almost double the power compared to that
of the active power. The current harmonics, with a null medium value, do not cause consumption
of the user’s active energy, but uselessly heats the network cables, causing a loss of energy to the
electrical network provider. The only way to remedy these inconveniences is to make the
transformer absorb a sinusoidal current in phase with a line voltage; it is necessary to create a
“POWER FACTOR CONTROL”.
The PWN circuit operates on this principle, having mains supply voltage as the direct input, and
voltage output of 48 Vdc with a current above 22A. The first part is made of a large mains supply
filter which rejects the switching spurious; the second part is comprised of a circuit which generates
a continuous voltage of 380 Vdc with a control of phase and amplitude of the absorbed current in
relation to the line voltage. The third part is a traditional forward-converter which reduces voltage
from 380 Vdc to 48 Vdc using a high frequency transformer.
Pag. 38
TX250S manual
The voltages involved are very high and are unusual for transistor equipment; the power source has
been shielded from both an electrical and mechanical standpoint: it is impossible to reach points
having a voltage higher than 50V without switching off and disassembling the transmitter. The
most rigorous security regulations have been respected. A sensor cuts off voltage output when
temperature of the components reaches maximum limits and is controlled both by the value of input
and output current, thus protecting the circuit from overloads. Varistors protect the active circuits
from overloads above 400 V; a circuit limits the start-up current within the limits of maximum
absorbed current at full load. NO CURRENT PEAK EXISTS AT START-UP; there is rather a
gradual and smooth settlement of the rated value. Acting on the mains supply switch does not cause
immediate start-up of the transmitter; rather, it takes about three seconds, during which time the
nominal voltage value is reached gradually, and after which actual start-up takes place.
Using two 15A fuses ( one for TX250S ), the card separately feeds two coupled power amplifier
final stages, and using a 2A fuse, feeds the fan and next card which generates all auxiliary voltages.
5.6 PW500 board
The purpose of the PW500 circuit is to generate the necessary voltages for the function of
the exciter; a voltage input of 48Vdc is reduced using two step-down regulators with values of +15Vdc and 5Vdc (U2 and U1).
On the same card, two amplifiers are also present which interface with the temperature sensor, the
detection of unbalance of the power amplifier final stages, the measurement of current and the
microprocessor.
5.7
A15 board
The module represents a 250 Watt module driver. Its input power is 10dBm, which comes
from a synthesized SINTD oscillator; total output value is between 0 and 15 Watts. It is comprised
of three cascade stages, the first two of which have a variable voltage power source with a
command originating from the power control. All transistors have class A-B bias to produce a
smooth regulation and so that the parameters of the loop are as constant as possible, creating an
elevated margin of stability. The frequency of the loop is approximately 500Hz and, as such,
protection intervention for excessive SWR is triggered within a millisecond. Synchronous AM and
FM are likewise reduced for control of power.
The Q3 MOS-FET is able to supply more than 15 Watts of power and, if supplied with higher
voltage, could output more than 40 Watts; under such operating conditions, there is no need for
protection.
Pag. 39
TX250S manual
5.8
LCDP board
All the input and output data concerning the transmitter are controlled by the DLCD board, to
which also the keyboard and the LCD display control and visualisation board are connected.
A Motorola microprocessor 68HC11 controls the whole transmitter through the J1 and J2
connectors: the keyboard is multiplexed by U6 and U9.
All the values to be measured are fed to the E port with the proper protections against overvoltages
or polarity inversions (DZ1 - … - DZ8 diodes).
A self supplied clock (U21) is connected to the D port through three lines.
The microcontroller serial port is switched by U2 and U25 on the RS232 connector placed on the
front panel, on the rear one and on the RS485 port on the rear as well; the driver for RS232 is made
of U18 (MAX232), while the one for RS485 is U19 (SN75176).
The ports B, C and F of the µP are connected to an external 128KB flash memory, where the XPT
management program is present, which at any time can be loaded through the front COM1 by any
PC.
The G port is for all the outputs (pre-emphasis enabling, mono-stereo, alarms, measurement
selection, etc.). The two external outputs for the alarms are uncoupled by two reed relays with
closed or opened contacts selected by two jumpers placed on the MBA board (Z1 and Z2).
A part of the H port is used, as output in PWM, to control the forward and reflected power and the
fine correction of the transmission frequency. The PWM mean value is detected with accuracy, to
avoid errors due to supply voltage variations or saturation and interdiction of the H port outputs.
The operational amplifiers U11,U12,U13 and U14 are part of the power control circuit .
The
control loop has a cut frequency of several hundreds Hertz, so in few milliseconds the power can be
controlled and eventually reduced or eliminated in extreme events. The microprocessor therefore
provides to the loop the forward and reflected power reference values, the quantities to be checked
are PWR and PWD, coming from the directional coupler, while the over stated operational
amplifiers represent the error amplifier.
The LCD display, driven by the A port, is a 40x4 alphanumerical characters type and allows an
useful displaying of data and transmitter settings.
5.9
AMP250 module
. A high-Q impedance transformer with a 9/1 ratio precedes the MOS-FET input, adapting
the impedance input. The bias current is thermally
Pag. 40
TX250S manual
compensated. MOS-FET push-pull output is connected to another impedance transformer with a
4/1 ratio.
The output harmonics of the amplifier are
already reduced a further 35dBc throughout the operating band. The output power, with a power
source of 50Vdc, can reach higher than 400 Watts with a efficiency above 70% throughout the
band. Such elevated power is not normally required, and to obtain a good efficiency for 250 Watts
output, it is preferable to power the final MOS-FETs with a voltage above 44 Volts. The
polarization in A-B class creates a total output power of between 1 and 250 Watts without problems
of instability. This value is automatically reduced when the temperature of the heat-sink reaches
values above 65°C. In fact, at that limit, a power control intervenes to reduce the value of output
power in order to compensate the increase in temperature. If the reduction exceeds 3dB of the set
value, an alarm is triggered which can be transmitted as an SMS, if connected to a GSM. Power
can be reduced to very few Watts of output, but if the temperature exceeds 85°C, it is cut off. There
is another thermal sensor which measures temperature of the power source, and it is this that cuts
off all power if the source overheats for lack of ventilation or a failure. The first thermal protection,
with control of output power, allows for operation even at environmental temperatures above 40°C,
with power gradually decreasing with the temperature.
Meanwhile, the second protection
intervenes normally to shut the machine off if there is a lack of ventilation. It is also important to
note that a periodical substitution of the fan is recommended (at least once every two years) to
avoid triggering alarms caused by high temperature
5.10 DC-250 module
The DC-250 circuit filters the RF power signal and records forward and reflected power for
measurement and control. The whole circuit has a loss of approx. 0.1dB and does not require
ventilation. The low-pass filter is designed to reject all harmonics below 75dBc with a minimum
loss, and requires no regulation.
The directional coupler is comprised of two coupled lines in –30dB strip-line. Forward and
reflected power are sensed, compensating with precision the frequency response of the directional
coupler without affecting impedance adaptations. The average directivity is above 30dB and, as
such, precision of control and measurement is comparable to that of an average instrument of
measurement. The thermal drift of the diode detectors is thermally compensated to obtain an error
margin of less than 1% from 0°C to 40°C.
Pag. 41
TX250S manual
ADJUSTMENT4
6.1
Module PWN – PW500 power supply
Pag. 42
TX250S manual
The PWN and PW500 modules supply power to the entire device. Adjustment can be made
only by authorized people as the cards contain dangerous voltage levels; there are ground planes of
various voltages and connected directly to the mains supply. It is thus dangerous to even connect
using an insufficiently insulated measuring instrument. If failure occurs, attempting to fix the
card is not recommended. Once the F3-F2 (15A), F1 (2A) fuses have been checked, if the cause of
failure is still unresolved, send the transmitter back to the factory or at least substitute all of the
power source modules found on the right side of the transmitter. To access the modules, remove
the right side panel of the transmitter, which requires the device to be shut off prior to accessing the
modules.
Through the RT1 (PWN board) trimmer, it is possible to regulate power source voltage to the final
MOS-FETs (44Vdc on pin 2 of J1).
The RT1 trimmer (PW500 board) regulates the 15Vdc voltage (pin 4 of J1), while the negative
voltage is constant at –12V.
The RT3 trimmer (PW500X board) regulates measurement of radiator temperature of the power
amplifier circuits.
The RT2 trimmer (PW500X board) regulates measurement of current supplied from the power
source on 48Vdc of voltage.
6.2
A15 Module - RF driver
Module A15 represents the final amplifier driver; it has an input power of 10 mW and an
output power of 15 Watts if the power source at all stages is 15Vdc.
Without an input signal, adjustment of RT1 trimmer is necessary for a drained current of 300mA at
the second stage. RT2 trimmer must be adjusted to reach a final drained current of 200mA.
Adaptation circuits are completely broad band and require no adjustment.
Pag. 43
TX250S manual
6.3
DC-250 module – RF filter and directional coupler
On the directional coupler, which is the module connected to the antenna connector and enclosed in
a metal box, four trimmers must be adjusted.
Pag. 44
TX250S manual
The SMB at 90° angle which drives the RF input signal to the power module is to be disabled and
RT4 and RT2 are adjusted, so that the value 0 is displayed on the LCD at the correspondence of the
forward and reflected power measurement.
At this moment the input power is to be connected, at 98MHz frequency with a 250W power will be
set, it must be connected a thermal wattmeter at the antenna output and RT3 is set to read on the
display, at the correspondence of the direct power, the 250W value, read also on the thermal
wattmeter.
Then the thermal wattmeter is to be disconnected and replaced with a directional Wattmeter
connected without 50Ω charge as to have all the reflected power. A 30W reflected power is to be
set and RT2 adjusted to have the same reading on the measurement instrument.
6.4 MBP BOARD - MOTHER BOARD
On the mother board it’s possible to perform the modulation width setting, of the stereophonic
coded signal levels, the automatic check gain regulation threshold, and the phase compensation and
the multiplex signal width.
The mother board receives on three connectors the VCO oscillator module (SINTD), the
stereophonic coded module and the automatic check gain module.
Adjust the trimmer RT4 of the MBA board as to have +8Vdc at R7 ends.
Inject a +6dBm signal into the rear MPX input, after the same level in the settings window has been
selected, then adjust the RT5 trimmer to read 75KHz on the measurement main page at the
modulation correspondence, by TX in MONO.
Pag. 45
TX250S manual
Pag. 46
TX250S manual
Inject a 400Hz signal and +6dBm level in the LEFT input, switch into STEREO and adjust RT7 of
the MBA board to read still 75KHz deviation also for MPX channel.
Adjust also RT1 if the subcarrier deviation at 19KHz is not the 10% of the total and adjust again the
previous RT7 trimmer.
Adjust the RT1 trimmer of the MBA board so that the limitation is symmetrical, on the
upper and lower part of the wave form injected with a level higher than 6dB over the nominal.
Adjust the RT6 trimmer of the MBA board to fix the clipper intervention threshold at the
required value over 75KHz.
Adjust the RT1 trimmer of the synthesis board to have the exact frequency deviation with
the input
Inject a 400Hz signal and +6dBm level in the LEFT input, switch into STEREO and adjust RT7 of
the MBA board to read still 75KHz deviation also for MPX channel.
Adjust also RT1 if the subcarrier deviation at 19KHz is not the 10% of the total and adjust
again the previous RT7 trimmer.
Adjust the RT1 trimmer of the MBA board so that the limitation is symmetrical, on the
upper and lower part of the wave form injected with a level higher than 6dB over the nominal.
Adjust the RT6 trimmer of the MBA board to fix the clipper intervention threshold at the
required value over 75KHz.
Adjust the RT1 trimmer of the synthesis board to have the exact frequency deviation with
the input nominal level presence.
Adjust the RT2 and RT3 trimmer of the MBA board for the maximum stereophonic
division.
On the MBP card, it is also possible to regulate the phase difference of the two LEFT and
RIGHT channels, reducing the cross-talk of the stereophonic signal up to values above 50dB.
The average phase difference between the two channels, once regulation is in place, is less
than 0.5° from 30Hz to 15KHz.
For adjustment, it is necessary to inject a nominal level signal on the LEFT channel with the
transmitter set in mono; next, connect an oscillator on the LF output monitor and verify that at
1KHz, the measured signal is approx. 2V. The input frequency is then raised, and two output
minimums are found: the first being approx. 19KHz (+- 500Hz), the second approx. 22.5KHz (+500Hz).
There are two exact notch frequencies; at this point, inject the input signal into the RIGHT
channel. Bring the frequency of the audio generator to the exact frequency of the second notch
(approx. 22.5KHz) and regulate the RT10 trimmer for minimum output. Bring the frequency to the
exact value of the first notch (approx. 19KHz), and regulate RT9 again for the minimum. Now
prepare a sweep-generator with 30Hz to 15KHz frequency and at nominal level. Set this signal on
the two LEFT+ and RIGHT- positions in parallel so that, theoretically, the transmitter having been
set in MONO, modulation should be cancelled out. This condition can be observed at all times on
the LF output monitor by synchronizing the oscilloscope with the sweep-generator. The null
condition, or more precisely, of minimum signal, can be achieved by regulating first the RT8 (acts
on frequencies above 5KHz) and then RT11 (acts on frequencies less than 15KHz). After these
operations, the two low-pass filters on the two channels will have a minimum phase difference; the
two filters are comprised of resistances with a tolerance of 0.1% and high Q capacitors with
tolerance of 0.25%.
Pag. 47
TX250S manual
6.5 A250 MODULE - RF POWER AMPLIFIER
Module A500 is the final amplifier. Without input power, the two trimmers P1 and P3 must
be adjusted for a drain of 100mA. An input power of 5 Watts must be adjusted, and with power set
at 250 Watts,
Pag. 48
TX250S manual
MODULATION MEASUREMENT
7.1
General information
The broadcast reception at frequency modulation is often made difficult because of the networks
exceeding crowding; the interferences due to the adjacent channels makes the listening unpleasant.
This inconvenient may be caused by an ignoring of the protection rules mentioned in the REC. ITUR BS.412-7 of which the remarkable graphs reported below:
The graph shows that if the interfering network is at 300KHz far from the program we are listening, it must
have a level higher than the maximum of 7dB, if it’s at 200KHz the field intensity level at the point
of listening, will be 6dB lower in monophonic or 7dB in stereophonic.
These values, expressed in dB as protection ratio, assume that the interfering network is
broadcasting with the maximum allowed spectrum width and this reaches the maximum at the
correspondence of peaks and the maximum modulation power. In a laboratory it’s possible to
simulate the worst example of modulation by modulating the transmitter, instead of dance-music,
Pag. 49
TX250S manual
with coloured noise as mentioned in the CCIR 559 rule (annex B). The process is described in the
IEC 244-13 standard and consists of modulating the transmitter with noise as above, with a
deviation equal to 32KHz. This work condition corresponds to the maximum allowed band
occupation and to a radio broadcast spreading dance-music which modulates ±75KHz.
At these conditions (modulated transmitter with coloured noise in accordance to CCIR-559) there is
the chance to have a reference of a radiophonic transmitter at frequency modulation which occupies
the maximum allowed spectrum and on which it’s possible to perform all the modulation
measurements repeatedly, having some parameters as results which can be applied and compared on
the field to modulation measurements of a network which is broadcasting a normal music program.
The music signal can not be surely measured by a normal detector with effective or peak value,
differently from a fix tone signal. The measurement must be done, being not sinusoidal or other
periodical form, detecting the power of the signal self (function proportional to its instantaneous
value square) or the peak with very long observation periods.
7.2
Modulation peak analysis measurement
The CEPT 54-01 rule shows, in its paragraph 4.2, how the peak measurement must be performed on
the modulation of a frequency modulation transmitter.
The maximum deviation peak must be found in a 50msec window, to be sure of catching also
modulating frequencies till 20Hz. At each minute 1200 representative peak modulation samples are
available.
These values, obtained with even many minutes long observation periods, will be placed into a
graph in the following manner:
on the abscissas, the frequency deviation will be placed with a deep scale of 150KHz
on the ordinates the number of samples of the corresponding deviation value will be placed
It maybe by extreme examples it’s possible to explain the concept better. Suppose to modulate the
transmitter with a fix tone having a deviation of ±75KHz and to perform the peak measurement in
object for a period of 10 minutes. Thus 12000 samples all with the value 75 will be obtained: the
graph will be of a single vertical line 12000 high and placed on the abscissa 75 (fig. 5.a).
On the opposite if we modulate the transmitter for 3 minutes with ±20KHz deviation, then
for further 3 minutes with ±40KHz and at last for further 3 minutes with ±50KHz and the
observation period fixed at 9 minutes we will obtain 10800 samples 3600 of which will have
abscissa 30, other 3600 samples abscissa 40 and the last ones abscissa 50 (fig. 5.b).
Pag. 50
TX250S manual
Now, instead of these simple examples, take our transmitter modulated with the sample noise
previously mentioned, and we detect in accordance with the CEPT 54-01 the modulation peak
samples in a 30 minutes observation period, so obtaining the graph. 5.c-a whereas, if we increase
the modulation, always with the same input signal, of 1dB, we’ll obtain the graph 5.d-a with a 30
minutes observation period:
fig. 5.c-a
fig. 5.c-b
fig. 5.d-a
fig. 5.d-b
On the first graph it can be observed that during the 30 minutes about 2600 peak samples have been
measured which have deviated the carrier of ±54KHz, 1500 ±60KHz, 10 ±75KHz, while about ten
samples resulted higher than ±75KHz. What has been measured is a signal which respects all the
spectrum occupation and over modulation rules; it can be soon noticed that this signal has been
higher with its modulation peaks than the threshold of 75KHz for about 0.2% of the samples so it’s
wrong to sustain that this value is never exceeded at all. Relying for the modulation adjustment on
the bar-graph of which almost all the transmitters are equipped, one risks to have to under modulate
if the trimmer is set to remain within 75KHz.
Pag. 51
TX250S manual
In the figures 5.c-b and 5.d-b, as suggested by CEPT 54-01, the “Accumulated distribution plot of
deviation“ have been reported on the graph, relating to the graphs of the left figures -a and -b ; in
this case all the samples from left to right have been added and the samples total value has been
normalized.
In other words, starting from left fig. 5.d-a (0KHz) and going towards right (150KHz) it’s
noticed that all the samples are towards right (100 %) till about 35KHz, to 50KHz over than the
80% of samples is on the right, at 70kHhz just the 5% of samples is on the right, as it has been
evidenced on the graphs –b ordinates.
The CEPT 54-01 rule and the equivalent REC. ITU-R SM.1268 and REC. ITU-R BS.412-7, at this
point stop and they do not give exact and rigorous information about the interpretation of the graphs
mentioned above.
On the opposite by connecting the different rules it’s possible to analyse the graphs of fig. 5.c-a and
5.c-b to draw some statistic parameters which, deriving from a reference system, can, as said
previously, be applied to a typical music broadcast.
So some quantities will be defined peculiar to the two graphs which will define just one over
modulation factor, whose value will be used as limit parameter.
Definitions:
M
:
average of all the measured samples as peak maximum every 50msec
OM
:
average of the samples which have exceeded the 75KHz threshold only
OM% :
samples percentage which has exceeded 75KHz as to the total
K
over modulation factor, defined as follows:
:
K = (OM - 75)*OM% /100
The formula can be explained easily and intuitively, since the over modulation factor is directly
proportional to the peak number percentage detected over 75KHz (OM%), while the ones lower
than this threshold must not give any contribution to K, and it’s also directly proportional to the
peaks KHz value which have exceed 75KHz (OM–75).
If no maximum peaks measured through the 50msec samples has exceeded 75KHz, we are in a
favourable condition, OM = 0 and OM% = 0 and so K = 0
If all the peaks exceed 75KHz and their average is 78 then K = (78 –75) * 100 / 100 = 3
Now getting the example again of the transmitter modulated with coloured noise as to the CCIR559 and IEC-244 rules previously seen, which has originated the graphs of fig. 5c-a , 5c-b, 5d-a and
5d-b and we apply the above mentioned parameters and calculate them each minute. Thus it will be
obtained other graphs which can be added to the two previous couples, so originating a screen shot
full of all the parameters relating to the peak modulation measurement:
Pag. 52
TX250S manual
fig. 5.e
fig. 5.f
Examine the graphs of. 5.e, which could correspond to the modulation peak analysis of a regular
transmitter which doesn’t over modulate: in these each minute M, OM, OM% values have been
Pag. 53
TX250S manual
calculated and consequently the K factor. It can be noticed that K value constantly keeps each
minute below the value 0.01.
So assume this value as limit for the over modulation factor.
Increasing the modulation of 1dB the graphs in fig. 5.f are given, corresponding to a transmitter
which deviates little more than ±8KHz; in this case K value is 0.11. Thus it can be noticed that for
small modulation values higher than ±75KHz, K increases considerably.
The rules rightly have tried to fix some limits for the instruments accuracy which need to perform
this kind of measurements, but the system weakness is surely constituted by the receiver, with all its
problems concerning the answer to quick transitory and also the peaks, which is almost ever
distorted by the medium and low frequency filters group delaying with over elongations or
miscompensated attenuation.
So it would be ideal to draw the modulating signal, which is usually available on all the
transmitters, performing all the measurements on it, after having made sure of the exact relation
between the audio level and the frequency deviation. In the TX250S this is automatic and we think
if a modulation peak analysis measurement made far from the transmitter, has produced doubtful
and questionable results, it must be repeated by the instrument inside the transmitter like in the
TX250S.
The measurement must be started for a whole day observation period so to pick up the programs
having most over modulation problems and consequently to act on the dynamic limiter–compressor
every study must have. With this measurement method help it’s possible to set best the limitercompressor no longer by ear but by real data and no more subjective elements.
7.3
Modulation power measurement
Another important parameter determining the interference intensity on the adjacent channel is the
modulation power value. The term is not of common use and the idea that the modulation power
can influence the interferences is not easy to understand.
Reading the CEPT 54-01 rule it’s noticed that the transmitter modulation power in object must not
exceed the samples reference signal one, represented by a sinusoidal signal which deviates 19KHz
of peak. The 19KHz value has no relation with the stereophonic subcarrier value but it’s the
frequency deviation which the sample signal creates on the transmitter. On the tuned receiver this
signal will be carried to the loudspeaker with a certain voltage directly proportional to the deviation
value; then there will be a certain electric power on the loudspeaker equal to the effectual voltage
square about divided into the loudspeaker impedance; it, at less of the diffuser efficiency, coincides
to the acoustic power. So it’s possible to believe the modulation power as the equivalent of the
acoustic power spread by the loudspeaker, and perceived by our ears.
Thus as for the electric power, the equivalent mathematical rules are valid for the modulation power
also. In the first case the value depends on the voltage square, in the second one on the deviation
square.
Pag. 54
TX250S manual
In the case of a sinusoidal quantity, which may be voltage or deviation, the power is calculated for a
time equal or multiple the semi period of the wave form, while in the case of a music signal the
calculation is to be made by the integral which defines the power. Besides the modulation power
value in absolute form would be of a difficult understanding, for this reason any sinusoidal signal is
taken as reference whose power, for long observation periods, doesn’t depend on the sinusoid
frequency but only on its peak value square.
So the rule provides to measure the modulation power, which is as previously seen equal to
modulating signal electric power, for one minute time period and to compare it to a sinusoidal
modulating signal one which deviates ±19KHz. The result, expressed in dB, must be lower or equal
to zero to comply the rule.
The modulation power integral calculation is made inside the transmitter by integrating, between 0
and 1 minute, the modulating signal square. The integration is made in a discreet manner by
calculating the function area in the integration time; the signal sampling is made at a double speed
respecting its bandwidth, so microprocessor is practically locked for a minute to follow instant by
instant MPX signal value. After this period it performs the set values square, add them up, which is
equal to the integral, then it calculates the logarithm respecting the reference sinusoidal value.
The value is displayed in a numerical form or on a graph (on the PC) which has in the abscissas the
time (discreet with 1min steps) and in the ordinates the value in dB of the music signal power and
the reference sinusoidal one ratio.
Even in this case it’s possible to refer to a modulating signal made of the usual coloured noise in
accordance to CCIR-559 particularly Rec.ITU-R BS.412-7 mentions at pag.5-note 4:
The power of a sinusoidal tone causing a peak deviation of 19KHz is equal to the
coloured noise modulation signal according to Recommendation ITU-R BS.641 , i.e. a coloured
noise signal causing a quasi-peak deviation of 32KHz
So, for the modulation power measurement instrument alignment, it’s possible to refer either to a
500Hz sinusoidal signal (the frequency is not important) which makes the carrier to deviate of
19KHz or to the coloured noise which deviates 32KHz. Both signals give the listening the same
sensation of “ volume intensity “, told in non technical words and not considering physiological
effects of the ear sensibility at the different frequencies.
7.4
Considerations on the real measurements performed
Performing modulation measurements with the methods described so far on broadcast networks
which have been modulating for years without over modulation problems, one realizes how the
limits imposed by the rules mentioned so far are particularly restrictive and maybe not in
compliance with current reality.
There are some contradictions and gaps the rules self sometimes point out. We report two examples
which give the idea of the real difficulty about the strict application of them:
REC. 641 , Rep.1064
5. FREQUENCY DEVIATION OF THE SIGNAL GEN.
Pag. 55
TX250S manual
.The unwanted transmitter L is then modulated with
a 500Hz sinusoidal one obtained from audio generator A.
AttenuatorB Is then adjusted to obtain a deviation of 32 KHz.
The audio frequency level as the input of the unwanted
transmitter before the pre-emphasis is now measured by
means of the noise voltmeter U. The noise-weighting network
is switched off. Next, a noise signal C+D replaces the
sinusoidal tone, and attenuator E is adjusted to obtain the
same peak-reading as before at the noise voltmeter. The quasipeak deviation is thus equal to 32 KHz. Since the preemphasis has not been included in the level measurement,
the actual peak deviation is higher .The described adjustment
corresponds to the present-day broadcasting practice.
Note. – A normal sound-broadcasting programme without
compression is simulated by modulating the unwanted
transmitter with the standardized coloured noise signal using
a frequency deviation of 32 KHz. Therefore, the results
obtained with this method and this deviation are only valid
for sound broadcasting programmes without compression.
The not considering the pre-emphasis leads to a difference of 1dB about, whereas the audio
compressors installed now in every broadcast networks increase the modulation power of 2dB
further on.
If a stereophonic signal is being examined the Rec.ITU-R BS.412-7 is very clear and it makes no
distinction between the modulation power within monophonic and stereophonic signal:
Rec. ITU-R BS.412-7
2.3
The radio-frequency protection ratios assume that the
maximum peak deviation of 75 KHz is not exceeded. Moreover, it is
assumed that the power of the complete multiplex signal
including pilot-tone and additional signals , integrated over any
interval of 60 s is not higher than the power of a MPX signal
containing a single sinusoidal tone which causes a peak dev.
of 19 KHz (see Note 4 )
.............................................................................................
Note 4 – The power of a sinusoidal tone causing a peak dev. of
19 KHz is equal to the power of the coloured noise modulation
signal according to ITU-R BS.641 i.e. a coloured noise signal
causing a quasi-peak deviation of 32 KHz .
Whereas the IEC 244-13 makes a difference between monophonic signal (reference of 32KHz) and
stereophonic one (40KHz):
IEC 244-13
9.4
For monophonic operation
Check that the pre and de-emphasis filters are in circuit
Adjust output of the LF generator at <1KHz to a level witch
corresponds to a frequency dev. 7.4 dB below maximum rated
deviation ( 32 KHz for 75 KHz dev.)
Measure the peak value by means of the noise meter at the out
of the demodulator ( without weighting network).
Switch the LF generator out of circuit and the noise generator
Pag. 56
TX250S manual
in circuit and adjust the output of the noise generator , so that
the noise meter gives the same reading. The peak-dev. is now
correct.
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
For stereophonic operation
Check that the appropriate pre and de-emphasis are in circuit
Adjust the output of the LF generator at <1KHz to a level
corresponding to a frequency deviation of 40 KHz including
pilot tone.
Measure the peak value in channel B after the demodulator
and stereo encoder by means of the noise meter (without the
weighting network ).
For the remaining procedure , see the method used for
monophonic operation
In case of stereophonic broadcast in accordance to the IEC 244-13 rule the reference power is
moved highwards of 1.9 dB in relation to the corresponding REC. ITU-R BS.412-7.
ABOUT FM SYNCRONOUS
7.5
There are many people who would like to resolve over-crowding of the frequencies by synchronizing
two or more FM transmitters on the same frequency to cover ever-expanding zones in case of diffusion on
the same program. The idea in itself isn’t bad, but there are many technical-theoretical difficulties which in
our opinion advise against the creation of such a system except in extreme and exceptional situations such as
those described below.
Most importantly, FM modulation, unlike AM, cannot be synchronized on an analogue-type transmitter. As
such, the creation of an FM-synchronous system on all traditional transmitters is invalid even if input for
external synchronization via GPS or reference to rubidium or caesium is taken into account. This category
of transmitters also includes the XPT500, upon which, for the reason previously described, input for external
synchronism has not been implemented. (The internal reference has a level of stability which more than
satisfies all regulations, and the frequency can also be fine-tuned by remote). If two analogue FM
transmitters are synchronized with a common reference, the two transmitters will have the same carrier
frequency. The modulations won’t ever be in phase for theoretical problems, however, and as such won’t
ever be able to verify the synchronous vector sum of the two signals overlapping at the listening point. This
could cause unsatisfactory results on the listening end in the area of reciprocal interference.
Recently, digital transmitters have been introduced to the market which many say should resolve the
problem. These devices have the generation of a modulated carrier with a digital synthesis which resolves
all previous theoretical problems but which, apart from the difficulty of respecting the most rigorous
regulations regarding spurious emissions from the digital process, must also be confronted with other
irresolvable difficulties. The velocity of the light propagation (approx. 300 meters per microsecond) creates
insurmountable limits on the creation of a synchronous system. Having multiple synchronized transmitters
over a distance of a few kilometers which serve intersecting areas (which occurs in most documented cases),
it is theoretically impossible for signals to overlap at the same point and not have reciprocal delays. To reach
the user, starting from the transmitting antenna, the radio signal takes 100 microseconds if the distance is
between two and 30km. A few microseconds of delay reduces listening quality. Resolving this problem is
often attempted by artificially delaying the radio signal by adding adjustable digital delay lines in the
Pag. 57
TX250S manual
transmitter, but this is often noticed immediately: if listening is improved at one point by regulating the delay
of the two signals with a precision of microseconds, listening is inevitably worse at another point.
Ultimately, the area of overlap in which high quality listening is possible covers fewer square kilometers. It
is immediately obvious that the only condition in which synchronized devices can operate is that created on
the Milan-Rome highway in Italy: transmission is entirely in mono; the transmitters are weak in power and
are positioned in a straight line a few kilometers apart. The antennas are Yagi-type, and are all positioned in
the same direction; all have an increased front-to-back ratio, each radiation pattern has a delay equalizer, and
modulation is completely synchronous. In this model, the zone of reciprocal interference is reduced to areas
of a maximum of a few hundred meters in which two, and no more, transmitters are found. The position of
such a zone is just behind each antenna.
A European Resolution exists which helps to clarify limits that can be reached by these types
of systems. (Rec.ITU-R BS.412-9 planning standards for terrestrial FM sound broadcasting
at VHF)
ANNEX 3 reads: Protection ratio for FM sound broadcasting in the case of the same programme and
synchronized signals.
This regulation is easily downloaded from the Internet and relates to the topic in scientific terms, publishing
results and limits which should be referenced in order to assure high listening quality. Here below are the
conclusions reached from the recommended regulations for those about to install a synchronous system.
Conclusion
On the basis of the collected data and of the results obtained, it is possible to plan a synchronized
monophonic network for special applications with protection ratios of only 2 dB, provided that the
relative time delay between the modulating signals is maintained within 5 µs over the whole area to
be served and that the maximum deviation does not exceed 75 kHz.
Thus in the case of co-channel interference, the protection ratio evaluations made for synchronized
wanted and interfering transmitters broadcast the same programme, give values very much below
those indicated in Fig.1.
In the case of stereophonic mode there is a much more intense influence of the stereophonic content
and the delay value. On the basis of the complementary investigations made in Italy it can be
assumed that:
–
the minimum reference value of protection ratios for stereo audio signal in isofrequency and isomodulation should
not be lower than 16 dB for impairment 4 in the assumption of the delay equalization within 10 µs;
–
in the reception areas affected by noticeable propagation delay, or for musical excerpts with a high stereo content,
the protection ratio required for quality 4 impairment grows up to about 30 to 38 dB respectively for continuous
interference.
Further evaluations should be pursued for a larger number of configurations including
transmissions with multiplexed data signals.
Pag. 58
TX250S manual
REMOTE CONTROL
XPT SERIAL COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL
8.1
Communication between TX250S and Personal Computer has been issued by means of
standard serial port RS232 and RS485. Software running on P.C. and firmware built-in TX
microprocessor, transfer data using EBU Universal Encoder Communication Protocol, version 4.0
(EBU UECP).
EBU UECP Standards are:
a) 1 start bit, 8 data bit, 1 stop bit, no parity.
b) Transmission speeds must be one of the following standard values: 75,150,300,600,1200,2400,
4800,9600,19200,38400,57600,115200 bps. Our choice is 2400 bps.
c) General Frame Format:
STA
ADDh ADDl
SQC
MFL
MSG
0
MSG ……... MSG CRCh CRCl
1
255
STP
STA………. Start Byte (FE hex)
ADDh……..Address MSB (user set)
ADDl……...Address LSB (user set)
SQC……….Sequence Counter (frame counter)
MFL………Message Field Length (N° of message bytes (0-255) prior to byte-stuffing)
MSG………Message (Any value in the range 00-FF hex)
CRCh .…....Cyclic Redundancy Check MSB (Error check using 16-bit CRC calculation)
CRCl…...…Cyclic Redundancy Check LSB
STP………..Stop Byte (FF hex)
d) Byte-Stuffing
Byte values FD, FE and FF hex are trapped in the fields “ADD” to “CRC” and transformed
into pair of bytes as shown in following table:
Resultant byte pair
Byte
FD
FE
FF
Transformed into
FD 00
FD 01
FD 02
CRC is applied to bytes ADDh,ADDl,SQC,MFL,MSG.. before byte-
Pag. 59
TX250S manual
8.2
PC connections
The transmitter can be connected to a Personal Computer through a three wires serial cable.
There are three serial ports: the first (COM1), placed on the front panel works as monitor for a
connection to a PC, the second (COM2), placed on the back needs for the connection to a possible
power amplifier, with the third (COM3) it’s possible to connect a modem linked to a telephone line
or to do the connection of N+1 transmitters.
The PC must have:
processor
:
PENTIUM o sup.
Operative system
:
WIN3.1 / WIN95 / WIN98
RAM
:
32MB
Non volatile memory :
32MB
Graphic
:
SVGA 600x800/768x1024
CD reader
8.3
COM1
If one wishes to connect a PC to replace the transmitter keyboard and thus have a wider and easier
communication to every visualisation and control function, it’s possible to connect the DB9 front
port (COM1) to a serial cable with at least three wires to the serial port of a personal computer
where the communicating software provided on the transmitter enclosed CD has been already
loaded. If unready it is sufficient to start the SETUP and automatically the software is installed as to
create an icon (XPT-50), which will need for the program start.
Once started it will appear on the display:
Pag. 60
TX250S manual
The screen cursor which displays the modulation will be still and the low left inscription RS232
Connection will show: not connected. At this point it is essential, after the transmitter has been
switched on, to make it communicate.
So the transmitter keyboard blue button marked as REMOTE 232 must be entered
The following page will appear on the display:
which indicates that by default the COM1 connection has been chosen instead of the COM3 and on
the COM2 no power amplifier is connected.
If on the COM2 an amplifier was connected automatically it would be detected and its caption
would appear beside the COM2 one.
If a modem connected to the telephone line is to be connected it needs to select by the horizontal
cursor and the data key the COM3.
If the selected options are right, pressing ENTER the communication to the PC connected to the
COM1 is entered, the blue key led switches on, on the display the cursor moves from left towards
right, displaying the modulation peaks as an oscilloscope and the caption connected will appear on
the left bottom.
The first page is just an introduction to the system, of which it’s possible to know the options
installed or the hour of the last switching on. At the right bottom of the display there is a grey
window with an arrow and if it is entered it’s possible to enter into the following pages:
Pag. 61
TX250S manual
The second page allows to know all the transmitter operation data: frequency–power etc., without
the possibility to modify them. Choosing by the lower arrow the third page the data displaying of
the input low frequency signal and modulation can be entered:
All the pages have different coloured windows to divide the width measurements from the setting of
them. On the top of this page it’s possible to check which channel is displayed on the screen shot
(COMPOSITE); to change this display because, for example, one wants to check the LEFT course,
one must enter the lower window (MODULATION SETTINGS), and press “DATA SETTING
ENTER“. The red button will switch on, the modulation will disappear and changing in the window
“Channel Modulation“, the respective changes will be displayed on the higher window too. When
the chosen data are the requested ones it’s possible to switch the red button off and the normal
displaying will be restored.
Selecting the fourth page the power settings are entered:
Pag. 62
TX250S manual
Here also the settings are distinguished from the measurements by a different colour.
To change data it is sufficient to press the red button, which will lighten, and will change data in the
RF POWER SETTING window. At every new setting a changing of the measurement displayed
above will correspond. On the top right window also the power final stage parameters are reported.
Choosing the next page there will be:
Here the transmitter clock settings and frequencies can be changed.
Differently from the previous pages, here the variations cannot be performed in real time, to avoid
the transmitter goes on unwanted frequencies. So, at first data must be inserted then the red button
must be pressed to enter them. During the frequency change power is disabled for few seconds and
the oscillator anomalous condition is not stored as alarm. If an out-of-channelization frequency is
entered, the item is ignored.
It is also possible a fine frequency correction, to correct the crystal ageing by inserting a number
included between 0 and 255 and checking by a frequency-meter connected to the RF monitor.
The following page allows the alarm displaying and erasing:
Pag. 63
TX250S manual
The quantities controlled by this function are:
RF POWER AMPLIFIER 3 dB DOWN
CURRENT ON THE RF FINAL
VOLTAGE ON THE RF FINAL
RF FINAL RADIATOR TEMPERATURE
MODULATION ABSENCE
SYNTHESIZED OSCILLATOR ANOMALOUS OPERATING
EXTERNAL CARRIER ENABLE
Whenever the limits joined to each quantity mentioned above are exceeded, the output power is
taken off, a visual signalling and ON/OFF contacts are given and the event is stored and associated
to the date when it has occurred.
Besides the ceased alarms are stored as to know the output power absence period.
As for the keyboard, the alarms can be erased.
The last pages are dedicated to the modulation analysis measurement (power and peak):
Pag. 64
TX250S manual
As appendix the whole theory concerning this kind of measurements is dealt in chapter 7, dedicated
to the modulation measurements.
In the upper graphs the peak modulation statistic parameters of a broadcast network observed
during 10 minutes period are reported. It can be observed that the 12000 peak measurement samples
detected lead to consider that the network is on the limit of the allowed deviation; the last K
diagram clearly shows the spoken broadcasting for the first two minutes followed by a music
passage (K>4), at the end other two minutes spoken (K<3).
By entering HELP on the window the followed rule appears (CEPT 54-01). The observation
time period is edited in ANALYSIS TIME followed by START.
Pag. 65
TX250S manual
TX250S
INTERNAL ADJUSTMENTS & SETTINGS
See figg. 9.a , 9.b , 9.c
N°
Board name/
Component
for function number
FUNCTION
DESCRIPTION
Password
Freq.dev.display
Pilot THD
Chan. Separation
Chan. Separation
MPX freqquency
deviation
Set jumper to PASSW. to enable password function.
Adjust to display modulation = 75 Khz on Page 0
Adjust to minimum pilot THD
Adjust for max channel separation
Adjust for max channel separation
Adjust, with nominal MPX input level, for 75 Khz
frequency deviation
Adjust, with nominal LF level input, DC voltage on DZ1
to 2.6V
Adjust for clipper symmetry
Adjust to the desired clipper level
Adjust for minimum on the RIGHT channel
Adjust for minimum on LF monitor ( L= -R )
Adjust for minimum on the RIGHT channel
Adjust for minimum on the RIGHT channel
Adjust to obtain (without RFin) 0Vdc on PWR
feedthrough
Adjust to read on display (without RF load) PWD=PWR
(PWR set = 50W)
Adjust to obtain Pout = 500W (PWD set = 500W)
Adjust to obtain (without RFin) 0Vdc on PWD
feedthrough
Set jumper to RUN for normal operation, to BOOT for
firmware loading ( by COM1 )
Use only 3.3 V lithium battery (WARNING:TOXIC
COMPONENT)
Press button to Reset 68HC11 microcontroller
Adjust, with nominal mono audiolevel in MPX input, for
75 Khz deviation
Adjust to the right phase by antiphase tecnique
Adjust to 20dB less than MPX signal
Adjust for minimum spurious of MPX signal
Adjust stereo subcarrier to 19 Khz +/-1Hz
Change for program upgrade
0
1
2
3
4
DLCD/Z2
MBP/RT5
MBP/RT4
MBA/RT2
MBA/RT3
5
MBP/RT7
6
AGC/RT1
AGC level input
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
MBP/RT1
MBP/RT6
MBP/RT8
MBP/RT11
MBP/RT10
MBP/RT9
DC250/RT2
Clipper symm.
Clipper level
33 KHz notch
RIGHT gain
22.7 KHz notch
19 KHz notch
PWR offset
14
DC250/RT1
PWR meas.
15
16
DC250/RT3
DC100/RT4
PWD meas.
PWD offset
17
DLCD/Z1
Run/Boot
18
DLCD/BT1
Clock battery
19
DLCD/P9
20
SINTD/RT1
MCU reset
Mono frequency
deviation
Pilot phase
Pilot level
MPX spurious
Pilot frequency
Flash Memory
21 DMPX/RT3
22 DMPX/RT1
23 DMPX/RT2
24 DMPX/C22
25 LCDP/U2
26
27
Pag. 66
TX250S manual
N°
Board name/
Component
28
29 A250/P3
30
31
FUNCTION
Mosfet bias
32
A15/RT2
33
A15/RT1
Final RF mosfet
current meas.
Driver current
34
PW500/RT1
+15 Vdc
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
PWN/F1
PWN/DL3
PWN/DL4
PWN/VDR
PW500X/RT3
PW500X/RT2
PWN/F2
PWN/F3
PWN/RT1
PWN/Z1
PW500/J2
Fuse
High V presence
High V presence
MOV
Current offset
Temperature.
Fuse
Fuse
PA Voltage
Line V select
Fun 44V supply
DESCRIPTION
Adjust for 100 mA drain current without RF power
Adjust to read (without RF) PACurrent = 0.1A
Adjust to obtain (without RF) 15mVdc voltage drop on
R11
Adjust for +15 Vdc (J5-2)
2A fuse for auxiliary power supply and fun
WARNING HIGH VOLTAGE
WARNING HIGH VOLTAGE
Adjust to read 0.6 A on the display ( PW set = 0 )
Adjust to read right temperature value on the display
15 A car fuse ( Power amplifier 1)
15 A car fuse ( Power amplifier 2)
Adjust for 44 Vdc on power amplifiers drains
Pag. 67
TX250S manual
fig. 9a
Pag. 68
TX250S manual
fig. 9b
Pag. 69
TX250S manual
fig. 9c
Pag. 70
TX250S manual
Fig. 9.c
TX250S REAR CONNECTIONS & SETTINGS
See fig. 9.d for function number
N°
FUNCTION
CONNECTION
21
AUX IN/OUT
PIN
NUMBER
( DB9 )
20
AES/EBU IN
PIN
NUMBER
( DB9 )
16
COM2
RS232 to power amplifier
PIN
NUMBER
( DB9 )
17
COM3A
RS485 to remote control
(external Modem) or
N+1 system
PIN
NUMBER
( DB9 )
Pag. 71
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
NC
NC
NC
NC
GND
EXTERNAL PWD
EXTERNAL PWR
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
GND
I1
I2
NC
NC
NC
RX ( amplifier )
TX ( amplifier )
NC
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
INPUT RS485 +
INPUT RS485 NC
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
TX250S manual
N°
FUNCTION
18
COM3B
RS485 to N+1 system
19
IN/OUT
3
EXTERNAL MONO / MPX
INPUT ADJUSTMENT
SUBCARRIER 1
INPUT ADJUSTMENT
SUBCARRIER 2
INPUT ADJUSTMENT
NOMINAL VALUE LF
INPUT SETTING
PREEMPHASIS
VALUE CHOICE
MONO INPUT ( L / R )
IMPEDENCE CHOICE
LEFT INPUT
ADJUSTMENT
RIGHT INPUT
ADJUSTMENT
SCA1 & SCA2
INPUTS
EXTERNAL MPX INPUT
14
LEFT INPUT
13
RIGHT INPUT
2
1
RF OUT
LINE SWITCH AND FUSE
5
4
15
10
9
8
7
6
11-12
CONNECTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
NC
INPUT RS485 +
INPUT RS485 NC
PIN
NUMBER
GND
( DB9 )
NC
NC
NC
NC
19 Khz sync. out ( 1 Vpp out )
EX Carrier enable input (input contact
2
open = enable)
ALARM1
out (closed or open output
3
contact / Z1, Z2 - MBA board )
PIN
ALARM2 out (closed or open output
4
NUMBER
contact / Z1, Z2 – MBA board )
( DB9 )
5
GND
6
NC
7
NC
8
NC
9
NC
Trimmer RT5 / AUDIO IN board
-6 / +12 dBm adj. for 75 Khz modulation frequency
Trimmer RT1 / AUDIO IN board
-20 dBu adj.
Trimmer RT2 / AUDIO IN board
-20 dBu adj.
Jumpers Z3,Z4,Z5,Z6 / AUDIO IN board
0 , 4.1 , 6 , variable (-6/+12) dBm setting choice
Jumpers Z8,Z2 / AUDIO IN board
50 / 75 microseconds choice
Jumpers Z1,Z7 / AUDIO IN board
600 Ohm / 10 Kohm choice
Trimmer RT4 / AUDIO IN board
-6 / +12 dBm adj. for 75 Khz modulation frequency
Trimmer RT3 / AUDIO IN board
-6 / 12 dBm adj. for 75 Khz modulation frequency
BNC connector
BNC connector
PIN
1
GND
NUMBER
2
LEFT + (unbalanced with GND)
(Cannon)
3
LEFT – (balanced with LEFT+)
PIN
1
GND
NUMBER
2
RIGHT + (unbalanced with GND)
(Cannon)
3
RIGHT – (balanced with RIGHT-)
N connector
6 A FOR 230 Vac / 12 A for 115 Vac
Pag. 72
TX250S manual
fig. 9c
Pag. 73
TX250S manual
DIAGRAMS AND LAYOUTS
Pag. 74
TX250S manual
PWN BOARD - POWER SUPPLY
Pag. 75
TX250S manual
PWN BOARD - POWER SUPPLY
Pag. 76
TX250S manual
PWN BOARD - POWER SUPPLY
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BC557
|BYR29F
|BYR29F
|BYR29F
|BYR29F
|BYW51-100
|BYW51-100
|BYW51-100
|BYW51-100
|CCM_1n
|CCM_1n
|CCM_1n5
|CCM_2n7
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_100p
|CCM_100p
|CCM_330p
|CES_470u-450V
|CES_470u-450V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-63V_EKR
|CEV_10u-63V_EKR
|CEV_10u-63V_EKR
|CEV_10u-63V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CEV_470u-35V
|CNY17
|CPH_1u_630V
|CPH_1u_630V
|CPH_1u_630V
|CPH_1u_630V
|CPH_1u_630V
|CPH_1u_630V
|CPV_1n_100V
|CPV_1n_100V
|CPV_1n_100V
|CPV_1n_100V
|CPV_1n_100V
|CPV_1n5_400V
|CPV_1n5_400V
|CPV_1n5_400V
|CPV_1n5_400V
|CPV_1n5_400V
|CPV_1u_63V
|CPV_1u_63V
|CPV_1u_63V
|CPV_1u_63V
|CPV_2n2_100V
|CPV_2n2_1000V
|CPV_2n2_1000V
|CPV_2u2_63V
|CPV_2u2_63V
|CPV_4n7_100V
|CPV_4n7_630V
|CPV_22n_100V
|CPV_47n_100V
|CPV_47n_100V
|CPV_100n_63V
|CPV_100n_63V
|CPV_100n_100V
|CPV_220n_63V
|CPV_470n_63V
|IRFP450
|
|
|J156M04H
|LED_D3V
|LED_D3V
|LED_D5V
|LED_D5V
|
|LM7815
|
|
|L_TORO-D32x12
|L_TORO-D40x24
|L_TORO-D47x24
|L_TORO2-D45_VZ
|L0305_10u
|MM_06V
|MM_06V
|NODO
|NODO
|NTC_diss
|PIN_WIRE
|PIN_WIRE
|PIN_WIRE
|PIN_WIRE
|PTF9-CAR
|PTF9-CAR
|PTF15_5X20
|Val
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1n
|1n
|1n5
|2n7
|2u2
|100p
|100p
|330p
|470uF
|470uF
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|220u
|220u
|220u
|220u
|220u
|220u
|470u
|
|1u
|1u
|1uF
|1u
|1u
|1u
|1n
|1n5
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n5
|1n5
|1n5
|1n5
|4n7 630V
|1u
|1u
|1u
|1u
|2n2
|2n2
|2n2
|2u2
|2u2
|4n7
|4n7
|22n
|47n
|47n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|220n
|470n
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|uH
|87 SPIRE
|uH
|
|10uH
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Tol
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|5%
|5%
|10%
|10%
|20%
|10%
|10%
|5%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|
|10
|10
|10
|10
|10
|10
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10
|10
|10
|
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|Transistor, PNP BJT
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|100V
|capacitor
|100V
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|450V
|
|450V
|
|25V
|
|35V
|
|35V
|
|35V
|
|35V
|
|63V
|
|63V
|
|63V
|
|63V
|
|63V
|
|63V
|
|35V
|
|
|Optocoupler
|630
|capacitor
|630
|capacitor
|630
|capacitor
|630
|capacitor
|630
|capacitor
|630
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|400V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|
|
|
|
|
|Physical Connector
|
|photoemissive diode
|
|photoemissive diode
|
|photoemissive diode
|
|photoemissive diode
|
|Voltage Comparator
|
|Voltage Regulator, FIXED
|
|
|
|
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|
|
|inductor
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Fuse
|
|Fuse
|
|Fuse
Pag. 77
|references|Magazzino
|Q7
|
|D2
|
|D1
|
|D7
|
|D8
|
|D3
|
|D4
|
|D5
|
|D6
|
|C54
|COD
|C55
|COD
|C21
|COD
|C22
|COD
|C33
|COD
|C51
|COD
|C52
|COD
|C13
|COD
|C3
|COD
|C2
|COD
|C34
|COD
|C36
|COD
|C35
|COD
|C37
|COD
|C38
|COD
|C27
|COD
|C28
|COD
|C29
|COD
|C43
|COD
|C44
|COD
|C56
|COD
|C6
|COD
|U3
|
|C4
|COD
|C32
|COD
|C1
|COD
|C50
|COD
|C45
|COD
|C47
|COD
|C14
|COD
|C16
|COD
|C12
|COD
|C40
|COD
|C41
|COD
|C49
|COD
|C46
|COD
|C59
|COD
|C48
|COD
|C60
|COD
|C7
|COD
|C8
|COD
|C17
|COD
|C57
|COD
|C23
|COD
|C30
|COD
|C31
|COD
|C19
|COD
|C42
|COD
|C15
|COD
|C26
|COD
|C20
|COD
|C9
|COD
|C18
|COD
|C24
|COD
|C11
|COD
|C58
|COD
|C25
|COD
|C10
|COD
|Q1
|
|U6
|COD
|U7
|COD
|M3
|
|DL1
|
|DL2
|
|DL3
|
|DL4
|
|U5
|
|U1
|
|U4
|
|U2
|COD
|L4
|
|L1
|
|L2
|
|TRF1
|
|L3
|
|M1
|
|M2
|
|N2
|
|N1
|
|NTC1
|
|AC1
|
|+
|
||
|AC2
|
|F2
|
|F3
|
|F1
|
TX250S manual
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
|1
|1
||1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|RD_WL04
|RL_JW1-24V
|RL_JW1-24V
|RM6_ELCA01
|RT_67W-1K
|R1W-J-4K7
|R1W-J-4K7
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R2W
|R5W
|R025-F-1K00
|R025-F-2K00
|R025-F-2K21
|R025-F-2K74
|R025-F-4K02
|R025-F-4K02
|R025-F-4K75
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10R0
|R025-F-15K0
|R025-F-20K0
|R025-F-20K0
|R025-F-20K0
|R025-F-20K0
|R025-F-24K9
|R025-F-56K2
|R025-F-100R
|R025-F-221R
|R025-F-221R
|R025-F-332K
|R025-F-332K
|R025-F-332K
|R025-F-332K
|R025-F-332K
|R025-F-332K
|R025-F-332K
|R025-J-1K2
|R025-J-1M0
|R025-J-2K2
|R025-J-2K2
|R025-J-2K2
|R025-J-2K2
|R025-J-2K2
|R025-J-4K7
|R025-J-4K7
|R025-J-4R7
|R025-J-4R7
|R025-J-6K8
|R025-J-10R
|R025-J-22K
|R025-J-22K
|R025-J-22K
|R025-J-22K
|R025-J-22R
|R025-J-22R
|R025-J-22R
|R025-J-22R
|R025-J-82R
|R025-J-000
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-220K
|R025-J-330R
|R025-J-470K
|R025-J-470K
|R025-J-470R
|SIOV-S20K300
|SIOV-S20K300
|SIOV-S20K300
|SIOV-S20K320
|SPW20NC60C2
|SPW20NC60C2
|TF_ETD59_ELCA1
|TRF_RSBP4VA
|ZPD15V
|ZPD15V
|ZPY20V
|Z3_P200
|1N4001
|1N4001
|1N4148
|1N5818
|1N5818
|2N2222
|2N2222
|2N2907
|
|
|
|
|1K
|4K7
|4K7
|10R
|220R
|220R
|220R
|220R
|0R47
|0R47
|0R47
|0R47
|1R0
|1R0
|1R0
|1R0
|12K
|12K
|12K
|12K
|10R
|1K00
|2K00
|2K21
|2K70
|4K7
|4K7
|4K75
|10K0
|10K0
|10K0
|10K0
|10K0
|10R0
|15K0
|20K0
|20K0
|20K0
|20K0
|24K9
|56K2
|100R
|221R
|221R
|332K
|332K
|332K
|332K
|332K
|332K
|332K
|1K2
|1M0
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|4K7
|4K7
|4R7
|4R7
|6K8
|10R
|22K
|22K
|22K
|22K
|22R
|22R
|22R
|22R
|82R
|000
|100
|220K
|330R
|470K
|470K
|470R
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|400V
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Bridge
|RELAIS SPDT
|BOBINA RELE
|
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|
|
|
|
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|
|
|zener diode
|zener diode
|zener diode
|
|diode
|diode
|diode
|diode
|diode
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|Transistor, PNP BJT
Pag. 78
|RD1
|K1
|K1
|TRF2
|RT1
|R67
|R68
|R8
|R37
|R38
|R39
|R40
|R41
|R42
|R43
|R44
|R52
|R53
|R54
|R55
|R2
|R60
|R61
|R62
|R9
|R27
|R23
|R33
|R30
|R10
|R11
|R26
|R13
|R22
|R1
|R36
|R35
|R6
|R21
|R14
|R20
|R25
|R19
|R24
|R29
|R28
|R31
|R32
|R12
|R15
|R17
|R70
|R16
|R18
|R71
|R59
|R75
|R63
|R64
|R65
|R66
|R47
|R80
|R79
|R74
|R3
|R73
|R45
|R77
|R78
|R57
|R46
|R48
|R49
|R50
|R51
|R82
|R56
|R58
|R72
|R69
|R76
|R81
|R34
|VDR2
|VDR3
|VDR4
|VDR1
|Q2
|Q3
|TF2
|TF1
|DZ2
|DZ5
|DZ3
|Z1
|D9
|D11
|D12
|DZ1
|DZ4
|Q4
|Q5
|Q6
|
|
|
|
|COD
|COD
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|
|
|
|
|COD
|COD
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|cod
TX250S manual
AUDIOIN BOARD - AUDIO INPUTS
Pag. 79
TX250S manual
AUDIOIN BOARD - AUDIO INPUTS
Pag. 80
TX250S manual
AUDIOIN BOARD- AUDIO INPUTS
Pag. 81
TX250S manual
AUDIOIN BOARD- AUDIO INPUTS
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BERG100F1X06V
|BERG100M1X02V
|BERG100M1X02V
|BERG100M1X03V
|BERG100M1X05V
|CPVP_6n8_63V
|CPVP_6n8_63V
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C1210_1n
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|C4052BD
|C4052BD
|C4052BD
|C4532BD
|JFL_26M
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|LL4148
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|L1812_1mH
|PIN_WIRE
|PIN_WIRE
|PIN_WIRE
|RT_72P
|RT_72P
|RT_72P-20K
|RT_72P-20K
|RT_72P-20K
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|Val
|
|
|
|
|
|6n8
|6n8
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1mH
|1mH
|10uH
|10uH
|10uH
|10uH
|10uH
|10uH
|10uH
|
|
|
|10K
|10K
|20K
|20K
|20K
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|Tol
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|10%
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog Dual 4-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog Dual 4-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog Dual 4-Bit
|
|Decoder, 3-to-8 Line
|
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
Pag. 82
|J6|
|J2|
|J3|
|J4|
|J5|
|C19|
|C20|
|C7|
|C2|
|C1|
|C3|
|C8|
|C4|
|C5|
|C6|
|U12|
|U13|
|U16|
|U11|
|U14|
|U15|
|U17|
|J1|
|D14|
|D7|
|D9|
|D8|
|D2|
|D3|
|D10|
|D11|
|D1|
|D4|
|D12|
|D5|
|D13|
|D6|
|L7|
|L6|
|L9|
|L2|
|L1|
|L3|
|L4|
|L5|
|L8|
|W5|
|W6|
|W7|
|RT1|
|RT2|
|RT3|COD
|RT4|COD
|RT5|COD
|R44|
|R49|
|R39|
|R31|
|R30|
|R28|
|R46|
|R35|
|R34|
|R37|
|R36|
|R29|
|R38|
|R40|
|R41|
|R50|
|R85|
|R86|
|R83|
|R84|
|R81|
TX250S manual
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-2K22
|R1206-F-5K23
|R1206-F-5K23
|R1206-F-5K23
|R1206-F-5K62
|R1206-F-8K45
|R1206-F-8K45
|R1206-F-8K45
|R1206-F-10K5
|R1206-F-10K5
|R1206-F-10K5
|R1206-F-10K7
|R1206-F-10K7
|R1206-F-10K7
|R1206-F-22K1
|R1206-F-22K1
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K2
|R1206-J-4K7
|R1206-J-4K7
|R1206-J-5K6
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-11K
|R1206-J-11K
|R1206-J-22K
|R1206-J-22K
|R1206-J-47R
|R1206-J-47R
|R1206-J-100K
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-680R
|R1206-J-680R
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|ZMM5V6
|Z2_P100
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|2K22
|5K23
|5K23
|5K23
|5K62
|8K45
|8K45
|8K45
|10K5
|10K5
|10K5
|10K7
|10K7
|10K7
|22K1
|22K1
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K2
|4K7
|4K7
|120
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|22K
|10K
|22K
|22K
|22K
|22K
|11K
|11K
|22K
|22K
|47R
|47R
|100K
|120R
|120R
|120R
|120R
|120R
|120R
|120R
|680R
|680R
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
Pag. 83
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|zener diode
|
|R82|
|R47|COD
|R43|COD
|R18|COD
|R48|COD
|R32|COD
|R16|COD
|R17|COD
|R25|COD
|R27|COD
|R26|COD
|R87|COD
|R22|COD
|R24|COD
|R23|COD
|R21|COD
|R19|COD
|R20|COD
|R45|COD
|R33|COD
|R42|COD
|R80|
|R79|
|R56|
|R57|
|R55|
|R58|
|R54|
|R53|
|R51|
|R52|
|R76|COD
|R77|COD
|R70|
|R62|
|R61|
|R78|
|R4|
|R5|
|R3|
|R6|
|R15|
|R7|
|R8|
|R9|
|R10|
|R11|
|R12|
|R13|
|R14|
|R72|
|R73|
|R75|
|R74|
|R60|
|R59|
|R71|
|R64|
|R67|
|R65|
|R69|
|R63|
|R66|
|R68|
|R1|
|R2|
|C17|
|C10|
|C18|
|C11|
|C12|
|C13|
|C14|
|C15|
|C16|
|C9|
|U1|
|U2|
|U18|
|U3|
|U6|
|U7|
|U5|
|U4|
|U8|
|U9|
|U10|
|DZ1|
|Z1|
TX250S manual
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|Z2_P100
|Z2_P100
|Z2_P100
|Z2_P100
|Z2_P100
|Z2_P100
|Z2_P100
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-220p
|c1206-220p
|c1206-220p
|c1206-220p
|c1206-270p
|c1206-270p
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|220p
|220p
|220p
|220p
|270p
|270p
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
Pag. 84
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|Z7|
|Z2|
|Z6|
|Z5|
|Z4|
|Z3|
|Z8|
|CF9A|
|CF11A|
|CF13A|
|CF15A|
|CF8A|
|CF10A|
|CF12A|
|CF14A|
|CF16A|
|CF17A|
|CF8B|
|CF9B|
|CF10B|
|CF11B|
|CF12B|
|CF13B|
|CF14B|
|CF15B|
|CF16B|
|CF2A|
|CF18A|
|CF1A|
|CF3A|
|CF7B|
|CF6B|
|CF5B|
|CF4B|
|CF6A|
|CF4A|
|CF7A|
|CF5A|
|CF1B|
|CF2B|
|CF3B|
|CF18B|
|C25|
|C23|
|C26|
|C24|
|C22|
|C21|
TX250S manual
LCDP BOARD - DISPLAY DRIVER
Pag. 85
TX250S manual
LCDP BOARD- DISPLAY DRIVER
Pag. 86
TX250S manual
LCDP BOARD - DISPLAY DRIVER
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|AM29F010N
|BAR10
|BAY21
|BAY21
|BC183
|BC183
|BC183
|BERG100M1X02V
|CCM_1n
|CCM_1u
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_10n
|CCM_27p
|CCM_27p
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CEH_220u-16V
|CEV_10u-25
|CEV_10u-25
|CEV_10u-25
|CEV_10u-25
|DS1302N
|JFL_26M
|JFL_26M
|KEYBELCA1
|LF353N
|LF353N
|LF353N
|LM336_5V
|LM358N
|LM7805
|L025_22u
|MAX232N
|MC68HC11K1
|Val
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1n
|1u
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|10n
|10n
|10n
|10n
|10n
|10n
|10n
|NC
|27p
|27p
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|220uF
|uF
|10u
|10u
|10u
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|5V
|
|
|
|
|
|Tol
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|5%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|5%
|5%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|
|
|100V
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|16V
|
|V
|
|25v
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|
|Real Time Clock
|
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|
|
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|Voltage Reference, ADJ.
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|Voltage Regulator, FIXED
|
|inductor
|
|Driver-Receiver RS232
|
|
Pag. 87
|U2|
|D6|
|D4|
|D5|
|Q5|
|Q6|
|Q4|
|J3|
|C40|COD
|C15|COD
|C1|COD
|C12|COD
|C13|COD
|C14|COD
|C20|COD
|CF1|COD
|C31|COD
|C32|COD
|C33|COD
|C37|COD
|C38|COD
|C39|COD
|C27|COD
|C14A|COD
|C32A|COD
|C32C|COD
|C32B|COD
|C2|COD
|C3|COD
|C4|COD
|C5|COD
|C6|COD
|C7|COD
|C8|COD
|C9|COD
|C10|COD
|C11|COD
|C16|COD
|C17|COD
|C18|COD
|CF3|COD
|CF4|COD
|C22|COD
|C23|COD
|C24|COD
|C26|COD
|C25|COD
|CF19|COD
|CF21|COD
|C28|COD
|CF2|COD
|CF5|C
|CF6|COD
|CF8|COD
|CF9|COD
|CF22|COD
|C34|COD
|C35|COD
|C36|COD
|CF20|COD
|CF10|COD
|C41|COD
|C19|
|C21|
|C29|
|C30|
|U21|
|J1|
|J2|
|U24|
|U7|
|U11|
|U13|
|U17|
|U16|
|U23|
|L1|
|U18|
|U1|
TX250S manual
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|MC34064
|M40247JY
|NE5532N
|NE5532N
|NE5532N
|PBATT_D16
|REED1A_12V
|REED1A_12V
|REED1A_12V
|REED1A_12V
|RSIP8C_10K
|R025-J-1K0
|R025-J-1K0
|R025-J-1K0
|R025-J-1K8
|R025-J-1K8
|R025-J-1R8
|R025-J-2M2
|R025-J-3K3
|R025-J-4K7
|R025-J-4K7
|R025-J-4K7
|R025-J-5K6
|R025-J-5K6
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10K
|R025-J-10M
|R025-J-12K
|R025-J-12K
|R025-J-18K
|R025-J-18K
|R025-J-18K
|R025-J-33K
|R025-J-33K
|R025-J-33K
|R025-J-47K
|R025-J-47K
|R025-J-56K
|R025-J-68K
|R025-J-68K
|R025-J-68K
|R025-J-68K
|R025-J-82R
|R025-J-100K
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-100R
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-150K
|R025-J-220R
|R025-J-220R
|R025-J-330R
|R025-J-390K
|R025-J-560R
|R025-J-560R
|R025-J-680R
|R025-J-820R
|SN75176N
|SP_TM114
|VP0610L
|VP0610L
|VP0610L
|XT-HC49U
|XT-TC38
|ZPD5V6
|ZPD5V6
|ZPD5V6
|ZPD5V6
|ZPD5V6
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10K
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K8
|1K8
|1R8
|2M2
|3K3
|4K7
|4K7
|4K7
|5K6
|5K6
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10M
|12K
|12K
|18K
|18K
|18K
|33K
|33K
|33K
|47K
|39K
|56K
|68K
|68K
|68K
|68K
|82R
|100K
|100
|100
|100
|100
|100
|100
|100
|100
|150K
|150K
|150K
|150K
|150K
|150K
|150K
|220R
|220R
|33R
|390K
|560R
|560R
|680R
|820R
|
|
|
|
|
|MHz
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Battery
|BOBINA RELE
|RELAIS SPDT
|RELAIS SPDT
|BOBINA RELE
|
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|Driver-Receiver R85
|
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|Crystal
|Crystal TC38
|zener diode
|zener diode
|zener diode
|zener diode
|zener diode
168
|1
|ZPD5V6
|
|
|
|zener diode
Pag. 88
|U22|
|LCD1|
|U12|
|U14|
|U15|
|BT1|
|RL2|
|RL2|
|RL1|
|RL1|
|RR1|COD
|R46|COD
|R47|COD
|R49|COD
|R54|COD
|R45|COD
|R55|
|R21|COD
|R50|COD
|R2|COD
|R3|COD
|R33|COD
|R34|COD
|R35|COD
|R6|COD
|R8|COD
|R10|COD
|R12|COD
|R14|COD
|R16|COD
|R18|COD
|R20|C
|R29|COD
|R56|COD
|R64|COD
|R65|COD
|R31|COD
|R38|COD
|R1|COD
|R22|COD
|R63|COD
|R32|COD
|R40|COD
|R41|COD
|R42|COD
|R44|COD
|R43|COD
|R28|COD
|R30|COD
|R37|COD
|R39|COD
|R4|COD
|R53|COD
|R5|COD
|R7|COD
|R9|COD
|R11|COD
|R13|COD
|R15|COD
|R17|COD
|R19|COD
|R23|COD
|R25|COD
|R26|COD
|R27|COD
|R58|COD
|R60|C
|R61|COD
|R51|COD
|R52|COD
|R59|COD
|R62|COD
|R24|COD
|R57|COD
|R48|COD
|R36|COD
|U19|
|P9|
|Q2|
|Q3|
|Q1|
|XT1|
|XT2|
|DZ2|
|DZ3|
|DZ4|
|DZ5|
|DZ6|
|DZ7|
TX250S manual
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|ZPD5V6
|ZPD5V6
|Z3_P100
|Z3_P100
|1N4148
|1N4148
|1N4148
|74HC00N
|74HC00N
|74HC151N
|74HC151N
|74HC164N
|74HC245N
|74HC245N
|74HC533N
|74HC533N
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
Pag. 89
|zener diode
|zener diode
|
|
|diode
|diode
|diode
|Gate, 2-Input NAND
|Gate, 2-Input NAND
|Mux, 8-Bit
|Mux, 8-Bit
|Shift Register, 8-Bit
|Transceiver, Octal 3-State
|Transceiver, Octal 3-State
|Latch, Octal D-Type 3-S
|Latch, Octal D-Type 3-S
|DZ8|
|DZ1|
|Z1|
|Z2|
|D1|
|D2|
|D3|
|U10|
|U20|
|U9|
|U25|
|U8|
|U5|
|U6|
|U3|
|U4|
TX250S manual
MBP BOARD - MOTHER BOARD
Pag. 90
TX250S manual
MBP BOARD- MOTHER BOARD
Pag. 91
TX250S manual
MBP BOARD - MOTHER BOARD
Pag. 92
TX250S manual
MBP BOARD - MOTHER BOARD
Pag. 93
TX250S manual
MBP BOARD - MOTHER BOARD
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BAR10
|BAR10
|BAR10
|BAR10
|BAY21
|BAY21
|BC183
|BERG100M1X02V
|BERG100M1X03V
|BERG100M1X08V
|BERG100M1X08V
|BERG100M1X12V
|BERG100M1X14V
|CCM_1n
|CCM_1u
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_68p
|CCM_68p
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_150p
|CCM_470p
|CCM_470p
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_10u-25V
|CEV_47u-25V
|CPVST_1n2_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|Val
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1n
|1u
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|68p
|68p
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|470p
|470p
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|47u
|1n2
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|Tol
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|5%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|5%
|5%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|100V
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
Pag. 94
|D5|
|D2|
|D4|
|D3|
|D6|
|D7|
|Q1|
|J4|
|J3|
|J9|
|J10|
|J12|
|J8|
|C58|
|C59|
|C44|
|C45|
|C46|
|C48|
|C43|
|C47|
|C72|
|C23|
|C24|
|C53|
|C55|
|C51|
|C52|
|C54|
|C68|
|C69|
|C70|
|C71|
|C63|
|C62|
|C60|
|C64|
|C65|
|C66|
|C67|
|C61|
|CF23|COD
|C17|
|C19|
|C18|
|C20|
|C21|
|C22|
|C16|
|C15|
|C56|
|C57|
|C1|
|C2|
|C10|
|C9|
|C3|
|C4|
|C5|
|C12|
|C7|
|C11|
|C6|
|C13|
|C8|
|C73|COD
|C26|
|C38|
|C31|
|C42|
|C32|
|C36|
|C33|
|C40|
|C39|
|C34|
|C29|
|C35|
|C37|
TX250S manual
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPVST_6n8_63V
|CPV_10n_100V
|CPV_10n_100V
|CPV_470p_100V
|C4051BN
|C4051BN
|JFL_26M
|JFL_26M
|JFL_26M
|JFL_26M
|J156X10
|J156X14
|LM358N
|LM393N
|LM7805
|LM7808
|LTUBE-D8P5
|LTUBE-D8P5
|LTUBE-D8P5
|LTUBE-D8P5
|L0305_10u
|REED1A-HS-12V
|REED1A-HS-12V
|RT_67W
|RT_67W
|RT_67W
|RT_67W
|RT_67W
|RT_67W
|RT_67W
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K0
|R025-F-1K8
|R025-F-1K8
|R025-F-1K07
|R025-F-1K07
|R025-F-1K24
|R025-F-1K24
|R025-F-1K50
|R025-F-1K54
|R025-F-1K54
|R025-F-1K87
|R025-F-1K87
|R025-F-2K1
|R025-F-2K1
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|6n8
|10n
|10n
|470p
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1mH
|1mH
|uH
|uH
|10uH
|
|
|2K2
|0K
|500
|2K2
|10K
|10K
|5K
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K0
|1K8
|1K8
|1K07
|1K07
|1K24
|1K24
|1K50
|1K54
|1K54
|1K87
|1K87
|2K1
|2K1
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|63V
|63V
|63V
|63V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
Pag. 95
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|Connector Flat 26 pins
|
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|Voltage Comparator
|Voltage Regulator, FIXED
|Voltage Regulator, FIXED
|inductor
|inductor
|inductor
|inductor
|inductor
|BOBINA RELE
|RELAIS SPDT
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|C30|
|C41|
|C28|COD
|C27|COD
|C49|
|C50|
|C25|COD
|U17|
|U18|
|J1|
|J2|
|J7|
|J11|
|J6|
|J5|
|U21|
|U22|
|U20|
|U19|
|L1|
|L2|
|L4|
|L3|
|L5|
|K1|
|K1|
|RT7|
|RT2|
|RT3|
|RT1|
|RT6|
|RT5|
|RT4|
|R21|
|R23|
|R22|
|R8|
|R9|
|R17|
|R10|
|R14|
|R11|
|R15|
|R12|
|R18|
|R13|
|R1|
|R2|
|R16|
|R24|
|R25|
|R6|
|R7|
|R77|
|R78|
|R71|
|R72|
|R75|
|R76|
|R107|COD
|R55|
|R56|
|R69|
|R70|
|R57|
|R58|
|R43|
|R42|
|R41|
|R47|
|R45|
|R44|
|R29|
|R30|
|R31|
|R32|
|R33|
|R35|
|R34|
|R36|
|R38|
|R48|
|R37|
|R46|
|R39|
|R40|
|R102|
|R101|
|R103|
TX250S manual
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2K2
|R025-F-2M2
|R025-F-3K9
|R025-F-3K30
|R025-F-5K6
|R025-F-5K6
|R025-F-6K81
|R025-F-8K2
|R025-F-8K25
|R025-F-10K
|R025-F-10K
|R025-F-10K
|R025-F-10K
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-10K0
|R025-F-15K
|R025-F-18K
|R025-F-18K0
|R025-F-18K0
|R025-F-18K0
|R025-F-27K0
|R025-F-33K
|R025-F-33K
|R025-F-33K0
|R025-F-33K0
|R025-F-47R
|R025-F-95K3
|R025-F-95K3
|R025-F-100K
|R025-F-100K
|R025-F-100K
|R025-F-100K
|R025-F-100K
|R025-F-100R
|R025-F-100R
|R025-F-100R
|R025-F-100R
|R025-F-120R
|R025-F-120R
|R025-F-120R
|R025-F-150R
|R025-F-243R
|R025-F-243R
|R025-F-330R
|R025-F-330R
|R025-F-390R
|R025-F-390R
|R025-F-500R
|R025-F-562R
|R025-F-562R
|R025-F-680R
|R025-F-768R
|R025-F-768R
|R025-F-822R
|R025-F-825R
|R025-F-825R
|R025-F-825R
|R025-F-825R
|TIP127
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|TL072N
|VP0610L
|VP0610L
|ZPD8V2
|ZPD12V
|Z3-100
|Z3-100
|Z3_P100
|1N4148
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2M2
|3K9
|3K30
|5K6
|5K6
|6K81
|8K2
|8K25
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K0
|10K0
|10K0
|15K
|18K
|18K0
|18K0
|18K0
|27K4
|33K
|33K
|33K0
|33K0
|47R
|95K3
|95K3
|100K
|100K
|100K
|100K
|100K
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|120R
|120R
|120R
|150R
|243R
|243R
|330R
|330R
|390R
|390R
|500R
|562R
|562R
|680R
|768R
|768R
|822R
|825R
|825R
|825R
|825R
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
Pag. 96
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|Transistor, PNP Darlington
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|Mosfet, N-chan Power
|zener diode
|zener diode
|
|
|
|diode
|R104|
|R3|
|R105|
|R5|
|R19|
|R20|
|R94|
|R95|
|R111|COD
|R96|
|R97|
|R4|COD
|R100|
|R82|COD
|R85|
|R84|
|R83|
|R81|
|R113|COD
|R114|COD
|R115|COD
|R89|
|R99|
|R120|COD
|R119|COD
|R110|COD
|R98|COD
|R93|
|R92|
|R109|COD
|R112|COD
|R91|
|R53|
|R54|
|R73|
|R74|
|R117|COD
|R116|COD
|R118|COD
|R51|
|R52|
|R49|
|R50|
|R26|
|R27|
|R28|
|R108|COD
|R59|
|R60|
|R87|
|R88|
|R79|
|R80|
|R86|
|R61|
|R62|
|R90|
|R63|
|R64|
|R106|COD
|R65|
|R66|
|R68|
|R67|
|Q2|
|U1|
|U2|
|U3|
|U4|
|U5|
|U6|
|U7|
|U8|
|U9|
|U10|
|U11|
|U12|
|U13|
|U15|
|U14|
|U16|
|Q4|
|Q3|
|DZ2|COD
|DZ1|COD
|Z1|
|Z2|
|Z3|
|D1|
TX250S manual
KEY BOARD - KEY
Pag. 97
TX250S manual
KEY BOARD - KEY
Pag. 98
TX250S manual
KEY BOARD - KEY
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BERG100M2X07V
|LED_D3V
|LED_D3V
|RSIP8C_10K
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FT
|SP_3FTL
|SP_3FTL
|Val
|
|
|
|10K
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Tol
|
|
|
|5%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|Physical Connector
|
|photoemissive diode
|
|photoemissive diode
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|photoemissive diode
Pag. 99
|J1|
|DL3|
|DL2|
|RR1|
|P1|
|P2|
|P3|
|P4|
|P5|
|P6|
|P8|
|P7DL1|
|P7DL1|
TX250S manual
SINTD BOARD- VCO OSCILLATOR
Pag. 100
TX250S manual
SINTD BOARD - VCO OSCILLATOR
Pag. 101
TX250S manual
SINTD BOARD - VCO OSCILLATOR
item |qty
|part number
item |qty
|Val
|Tol
|part number
|references|Magazzino
1
|1
|AD797D
2
|1
|BCW72
3
|1
|BERG100M1X14V
4
|1
|BFR92
5
|1
|BFR92
6
|1
|CED_10u-16V
7
|1
|CED_10u-16V
8
|1
|CED_10u-16V
9
|1
|CED_10u-16V
10
|1
|CED_10u-16V
11
|1
|CED_10u-16V
12
|1
|CED_10u-16V
13
|1
|CED_47u-16V
14
|1
|CED_47u-16V
15
|1
|CED_100u-16V
16
|1
|CED_100u-16V
17
|1
|CED_100u-16V
18
|1
|CED_100u-16V
19
|1
|CED_100u-16V
20
|1
|Coax
21
|1
|C1210
22
|1
|C1210
23
|1
|C1210
24
|1
|C1210
25
|1
|C1210
26
|1
|C1210
27
|1
|C1210
28
|1
|C1210
29
|1
|C1210
30
|1
|C1210
31
|1
|C1210
32
|1
|C1210
33
|1
|C1210
34
|1
|C1210
35
|1
|C1210
36
|1
|C1210
37
|1
|C1210
38
|1
|C1210
39
|1
|C1210
40
|1
|C1210
41
|1
|C1210
42
|1
|C1210
43
|1
|C4016BD
44
|1
|DROP
45
|1
|HSS2800
46
|1
|HSS2800
47
|1
|HSS2800
48
|1
|LF353D
49
|1
|LL4148
50
|1
|LL4148
51
|1
|LL4148
52
|1
|LL4148
53
|1
|LL4148
54
|1
|LMX2306D
55
|1
|LM358D
56
|1
|L1812_1mH
57
|1
|L1812_1mH
58
|1
|L1812_2u2H
59
|1
|L1812_6u8H
60
|1
|MAV11
61
|1
|MAV11
62
|1
|MMBFJ310LT1
63
|1
|MMBR571LT1
64
|1
|MMBV109LT1
65
|1
|MMBV109LT1
66
|1
|MMBV109LT1
67
|1
|MMBV109LT1
68
|1
|MMBV109LT1
69
|1
|MMBV109LT1
70
|1
|MMBV109LT1
71
|1
|MMBV109LT1
72
|1
|RCH_895
73
|1
|RT_3314J
74
|1
|R1206-F-42K0
75
|1
|R1206-F-82K0
76
|1
|R1206-J-1K0
77
|1
|R1206-J-1K0
78
|1
|R1206-J-1M0
79
|1
|R1206-J-2K2
80
|1
|R1206-J-2K2
81
|1
|R1206-J-2K4
82
|1
|R1206-J-3K3
83
|1
|R1206-J-4K7
84
|1
|R1206-J-8K2
85
|1
|R1206-J-8K2
86
|1
|R1206-J-10K
87
|1
|R1206-J-10K
88
|1
|R1206-J-10K
89
|1
|R1206-J-10K
9
|
|
|
|
|
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|47u
|47u
|100u
|100u
|100u
|100u
|100u
|
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1mH
|1mH
|2u2H
|6u8H
|
|
|
|
|26-32
|26-32
|26-32
|26-32
|26-32
|26-32
|26-32
|26-32
|uH
|500
|42K0
|82K0
|1K0
|1K
|1M
|2K2
|2K2
|2K4
|3K3
|4K7
|8K2
|8K2
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|Val
pF
pF
pF
pF
pF
pF
pF
pF
|
|
|
|
|
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|1%
|1%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|
|
|
|
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|16V
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|Tol
|Work.Volt.|description
|Opamp 5-pin
|U15
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|Q3
|
|
|J2
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|Q5
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|Q4
|
|
|C18
|COD
|
|C4
|COD
|
|C11
|COD
|
|C12
|COD
|
|C13
|COD
|
|C1
|COD
|
|C37
|COD
|
|C20
|COD
|
|C53
|COD
|
|C19
|COD
|
|C16
|COD
|
|C15
|COD
|
|C17
|COD
|
|C21
|COD
|Homogeneously Filled Lossless Coaxial Line|Coax1
|capacitor
|C26
|
|capacitor
|C27
|
|capacitor
|C34
|
|capacitor
|C28
|
|capacitor
|C35
|
|capacitor
|C39
|
|capacitor
|C40
|
|capacitor
|C29
|
|capacitor
|C41
|
|capacitor
|C24
|
|capacitor
|C36
|
|capacitor
|C31
|
|capacitor
|C42
|
|capacitor
|C25
|
|capacitor
|C32
|
|capacitor
|C30
|
|capacitor
|C55
|
|capacitor
|C56
|
|capacitor
|C57
|
|capacitor
|C51
|
|capacitor
|C33
|
|capacitor
|C58
|
|Analog Switch, Bilateral
|U13
|
|
|Z1
|
|diode
|D3
|
|diode
|D5
|
|diode
|D4
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|U2
|
|diode
|D7
|
|diode
|D6
|
|diode
|D1
|
|diode
|D2
|
|diode
|D8
|
|
|U4
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|U7
|
|inductor
|L3
|
|inductor
|L5
|
|inductor
|L2
|
|inductor
|L1
|
|
|U3
|
|
|U14
|
|JFET, N-chan
|Q1
|
|Transistor, NPN BJT
|Q6
|
|Varactor
|DV1
|
|Varactor
|DV2
|
|Varactor
|DV3
|
|Varactor
|DV4
|
|Varactor
|DV5
|
|Varactor
|DV6
|
|Varactor
|DV7
|
|Varactor
|DV8
|
|inductor
|L4
|
|resistor
|RT1
|
|resistor
|R30
|COD
|resistor
|R22
|COD
|resistor
|R5
|
|resistor
|R75
|
|resistor
|R67
|COD
|resistor
|R48
|
|resistor
|R49
|
|resistor
|R58
|COD
|resistor
|R4
|COD
|resistor
|R9
|
|resistor
|R36
|COD
|resistor
|R17
|COD
|resistor
|R31
|
|resistor
|R37
|
|resistor
|R28
|
|resistor
|R29
|
Pag. 102
|
TX250S manual
0
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-12K
|R1206-J-15K
|R1206-J-18K
|R1206-J-22K
|R1206-J-22K
|R1206-J-22K
|R1206-J-22K
|R1206-J-33R
|R1206-J-47K
|R1206-J-56R
|R1206-J-56R
|R1206-J-75R
|R1206-J-82K
|R1206-J-82K
|R1206-J-82R
|R1206-J-100K
|R1206-J-100K
|R1206-J-100K
|R1206-J-100K
|R1206-J-100R
|R1206-J-100R
|R1206-J-150R
|R1206-J-200R
|R1206-J-200R
|R1206-J-200R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-360R
|R1206-J-680R
|R1210-J-68R
|R1210-J-82R
|R1210-J-82R
|R1210-J-100R
|R1210-J-100R
|R1210-J-100R
|R1210-J-100R
|SMB-A
|TAJ_10u-16V
|TCXO_STE
|ZMM3V3
|ZMM3V3
|c1206-33p
|c1206-33p
|c1206-47n
|c1206-68p
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100p
|c1206-220n
|c1206-470n
|c1206-470n
|c1206-470p
|74HC08D
|10K
|10K
|10K
|12K
|15K
|18K
|22K
|22K
|22K
|22K
|33R
|47K
|56R
|56R
|75R
|82K
|82K
|82R
|100K
|100K
|100K
|100K
|100R
|100R
|150R
|200R
|200R
|200R
|330R
|330R
|330R
|330R
|330R
|330R
|360R
|680R
|68R
|82R
|82R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|
|10u
|
|
|
|33p
|33p
|47n
|68p
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100p
|220n
|470n
|470n
|470p
|
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|20%
|
|
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|16V
|
|
|
|100V
|100V
|25V
|100V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|100V
|15V
|15V
|15V
|100V
|
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|BNC
|
|Oscillator, Voltage-Controlled
|zener diode
|zener diode
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|Gate, 2-Input AND
Pag. 103
|R33
|R27
|R21
|R54
|R59
|R32
|R57
|R56
|R55
|R66
|R76
|R64
|R46
|R45
|R41
|R6
|R7
|R47
|R15
|R16
|R14
|R73
|R42
|R74
|R51
|R38
|R39
|R44
|R23
|R24
|R26
|R18
|R19
|R20
|R2
|R52
|R69
|R53
|R71
|R43
|R70
|R72
|R68
|J1
|C61
|XT1
|DZ1
|DZ2
|C45
|C60
|C47
|C44
|C8
|C6
|C10
|C7
|C5
|C52
|C2
|C9
|C14
|C59
|C3
|C23
|C22
|C43
|C38
|U1
|
|
|
|COD
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|
|
|COD
|
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|COD
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|COD
|
TX250S manual
DMPX BOARD - STEREOCODER
Pag. 104
TX250S manual
DMPX BOARD - STEREOCODER
Pag. 105
TX250S manual
DMPX BOARD - STEREOCODER
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BERG100M1X08V
|BERG100M1X08V
|C4011BD
|C4011BD
|C4011BD
|C4011BD
|C4013BD
|C4013BD
|C4017BD
|C4017BD
|C4029BD
|C4029BD
|C4040BD
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|C4051BD
|LL4148
|LL4148
|RT_3314J
|RT_3314J
|RT_3314J
|R1206-F-1K0
|R1206-F-1K3
|R1206-F-1K8
|R1206-F-2K2
|R1206-F-2K2
|R1206-F-2K2
|R1206-F-2K2
|R1206-F-2K2
|R1206-F-2K7
|R1206-F-2K7
|R1206-F-2M2
|R1206-F-8K2
|R1206-F-8K2
|R1206-F-10K
|R1206-F-10K
|R1206-F-10K
|R1206-F-10K
|R1206-F-10K
|R1206-F-51R
|R1206-F-68R
|R1206-F-68R
|R1206-F-68R
|R1206-F-68R1
|R1206-F-100K
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-100R
|R1206-F-162R
|R1206-F-162R
|R1206-F-180R
|R1206-F-200R
|R1206-F-324R
|R1206-F-432R
|R1206-F-453R
|R1206-F-453R
|R1206-F-500R
|R1206-F-536R
|R1206-F-604R
|R1206-F-649R
|R1206-F-681R
|R1206-F-681R
|R1206-F-681R
|R1206-F-806R
|R1206-F-806R
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|Val
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1K
|100
|10K
|1K0
|1K3
|1K8
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K7
|2K7
|2M2
|8K2
|8K2
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|10K
|51R
|68R
|68R
|68R
|68R1
|100K
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|100R
|162R
|162R
|180R
|200R
|324R
|432R
|453R
|453R
|500R
|536R
|620K
|649R
|681R
|681R
|681R
|806R
|806R
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|Tol
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|
|
|
|
|Gate, 2-Input NAND
|
|Gate, 2-Input NAND
|
|Gate, 2-Input NAND
|
|Gate, 2-Input NAND
|
|Flip-Flop, D-Type
|
|Flip-Flop, D-Type
|
|Counter/Divider, Decade
|
|Counter/Divider, Decade
|
|
|
|
|
|Counter, 12-Stage
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|Multiplexer, Analog 8-Bit
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
Pag. 106
|J1|
|J2|
|U1|
|U21|
|U7|
|U12|
|U8|
|U13|
|U6|
|U11|
|U23|
|U5|
|U2|
|U3|
|U4|
|U9|
|U10|
|U15|
|U20|
|D1|
|D2|
|RT1|
|RT3|
|RT2|
|R43|
|R47|
|R34|
|R27|
|R28|
|R39|
|R33|
|R31|
|R40|
|R10|
|R46|
|R23|
|R49|
|R41|
|R50|
|R22|
|R48|
|R42|
|R30|
|R36|
|R37|
|R21|
|R2|
|R32|
|R20|
|R45|
|R44|
|R26|
|R29|
|R24|
|R35|
|R38|
|R19|
|R12|
|R1|
|R3|
|R4|
|R5|
|R18|
|R13|
|R25|
|R6|
|R7|
|R8|
|R9|
|R17|
|R14|
|R16|
|R15|
|C4|
|C8|
|C14|
|C17|
TX250S manual
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TAJ_10u-25V
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TL072D
|TZBX4
|XT-HC49U
|c1206-10p
|c1206-10p
|c1206-22p
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100p
|c1206-100p
|c1206-100p
|c1206-100p
|c1206-150p
|c1206-150p
|c1206-150p
|c1206-150p
|c1206-150p
|c1206-150p
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|
|
|
|
|nF
|MHz
|10p
|10p
|22p
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100p
|100p
|100p
|100p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|150p
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|
|
|
|
|%
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|
|
|
|
|
|
|100V
|100V
|100V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
Pag. 107
|
|
|
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|capacitor
|Crystal
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|C20|
|C21|
|C9|
|C7|
|U14|
|U16|
|U19|
|U22|
|C22|
|XT1|
|C3|
|C18|
|C2|
|CF2|
|CF2A|
|CF1A|
|CF1|
|CF6|
|CF6A|
|CF11|
|CF11A|
|CF23|
|CF23A|
|CF10|
|CF10A|
|CF9|
|CF9A|
|CF8|
|CF8A|
|CF5|
|CF5A|
|CF4|
|CF4A|
|CF3|
|CF3A|
|CF7|
|CF7A|
|CF20|
|CF20A|
|CF21|
|CF21A|
|CF13|
|CF13A|
|CF12|
|CF12A|
|CF15A|
|CF15|
|C1|
|C15|
|C5|
|C19|
|C16|
|C26|
|C25|
|C6|
|C24|
|C23|
TX250S manual
AGC BOARD- AUDIO AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL
Pag. 108
TX250S manual
AGC BOARD - AUDIO AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL
Pag. 109
TX250S manual
AGC BOARD - AUDIO AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL
item |qty |part number
|references|Magazzino
1
|1
|BERG100M1X12V
2
|1
|C4051BD
3
|1
|C4051BD
4
|1
|C4051BD
5
|1
|C4051BD
6
|1
|LL4148
7
|1
|LL4148
8
|1
|LL4148
9
|1
|LL4148
10
|1
|L1812_6u8H
11
|1
|RT_3314J-10K
12
|1
|R1206-F-5K11
13
|1
|R1206-F-5K23
14
|1
|R1206-F-5K49
15
|1
|R1206-F-5K76
16
|1
|R1206-F-5K90
17
|1
|R1206-F-6K19
18
|1
|R1206-F-6K49
19
|1
|R1206-F-6K81
20
|1
|R1206-F-7K15
21
|1
|R1206-F-7K50
22
|1
|R1206-F-7K87
23
|1
|R1206-F-8K06
24
|1
|R1206-F-8K45
25
|1
|R1206-F-8K87
26
|1
|R1206-F-9K31
27
|1
|R1206-F-9K76
28
|1
|R1206-F-10K0
29
|1
|R1206-F-10K2
30
|1
|R1206-F-10K5
31
|1
|R1206-F-11K0
32
|1
|R1206-F-11K5
33
|1
|R1206-F-12K1
34
|1
|R1206-F-12K7
35
|1
|R1206-F-13K3
36
|1
|R1206-F-14K0
37
|1
|R1206-F-14K7
38
|1
|R1206-F-15K8
39
|1
|R1206-F-16K4
40
|1
|R1206-F-16K5
41
|1
|R1206-F-17K4
42
|1
|R1206-F-18K2
43
|1
|R1206-F-19K1
44
|1
|R1206-F-20K0
45
|1
|R1206-J-1K0
46
|1
|R1206-J-1M0
47
|1
|R1206-J-2K2
48
|1
|R1206-J-2K2
49
|1
|R1206-J-2K2
50
|1
|R1206-J-3K9
51
|1
|R1206-J-5K6
52
|1
|R1206-J-5K6
53
|1
|R1206-J-10K
54
|1
|R1206-J-10K
55
|1
|R1206-J-18K
56
|1
|R1206-J-22K
57
|1
|R1206-J-27K
58
|1
|R1206-J-47R
59
|1
|R1206-J-56K
60
|1
|R1206-J-56K
61
|1
|R1206-J-270R
62
|1
|R1206-J-270R
63
|1
|R1206-J-330R
64
|1
|ST62E25M1
65
|1
|TAJ_10u-25V
66
|1
|TAJ_10u-25V
67
|1
|TL072D
68
|1
|TL072D
69
|1
|TL072D
70
|1
|TL072D
71
|1
|XT-HC49U
72
|1
|XT-KX20
73
|1
|ZMM5V6
74
|1
|Z3_P100
|Val
|Tol
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|6,8uH
|10K
|5K11
|5K23
|5K49
|5K76
|5K90
|6K19
|6K49
|6K81
|7K15
|7K50
|7K87
|8K06
|8K45
|8K87
|9K31
|9K76
|10K0
|10K2
|10K5
|11K0
|11K5
|12K1
|12K7
|13K3
|14K
|14K7
|15K8
|16K4
|16K5
|17K4
|18K2
|19K1
|20K0
|1K0
|1M
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|3K9
|5K6
|5K6
|10K
|10K
|18K
|22K
|27K
|47R
|56K
|56K
|270R
|270R
|330R
|
|10u
|10u
|
|
|
|
|MHz
|MHz
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|10
|10%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|20%
|20%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|25V
|25V
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
Pag. 110
|
|Multiplexer,
|Multiplexer,
|Multiplexer,
|Multiplexer,
|diode
|diode
|diode
|diode
|inductor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|resistor
|
|
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Opamp 5-pin
|Crystal
|Crystal
|zener diode
|
Analog
Analog
Analog
Analog
8-Bit
8-Bit
8-Bit
8-Bit
|J1|
|U2|
|U3|
|U4|
|U5|
|D2|
|D1|
|D4|
|D3|
|L1|
|RT1|COD
|R33|COD
|R32|COD
|R31|COD
|R30|COD
|R29|COD
|R28|COD
|R27|COD
|R26|COD
|R25|COD
|R24|COD
|R23|COD
|R22|COD
|R21|COD
|R20|COD
|R19|COD
|R18|COD
|R52|COD
|R17|COD
|R16|COD
|R15|COD
|R14|COD
|R13|COD
|R12|COD
|R11|COD
|R10|COD
|R9|COD
|R7|COD
|R8|COD
|R6|COD
|R5|COD
|R4|COD
|R3|COD
|R2|COD
|R39|COD
|R45|COD
|R35|COD
|R37|COD
|R38|COD
|R44|COD
|R43|COD
|R50|COD
|R36|COD
|R48|COD
|R1|COD
|R51|COD
|R46|COD
|R41|COD
|R42|COD
|R49|COD
|R34|COD
|R40|COD
|R47|COD
|U1|
|CF6|COD
|CF6A|COD
|U6|
|U7|
|U8|
|U9|
|XT1A|
|XT1|
|DZ1|COD
|Z1|
TX250S manual
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|c1206-33p
|c1206-33p
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-470n
|c1206-470n
|33p
|33p
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|470n
|470n
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|100V
|100V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|15V
|15V
Pag. 111
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|capacitor
|C2|COD
|C1|COD
|CF2|COD
|CF2A|COD
|CF4|COD
|CF5|COD
|CF5A|COD
|CF3|COD
|CF3A|COD
|C4|COD
|CF7|COD
|CF7A|COD
|CF9A|COD
|CF9|COD
|CF8A|COD
|CF8|COD
|CF4A|COD
|C3|COD
|C5|COD
TX250S manual
MBP500 BOARD - MBP / A500 CONNECTION
Pag. 112
TX250S manual
MBP500 BOARD - MBP / A500 CONNECTION
Pag. 113
TX250S manual
MBP500 BOARD - MBP / A500 CONNECTION
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|CCM_100n
|J156X10
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|TIP122
|Val
|100n
|100n
|100n
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Tol
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Pin Wire
|
|Transistor, NPN Darlington
Pag. 114
|C1|
|C2|
|C3|
|J1|
|W1|
|W2|
|W3|
|W4|
|W5|
|W6|
|Q1|
TX250S manual
A15 BOARD - RF DRIVER AMPLIFIER
Pag. 115
TX250S manual
A15 BOARD- RF DRIVER AMPLIFIER
Pag. 116
TX250S manual
A15 BOARD - RF RF DRIVER AMPLIFIER
c
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
|
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
item |qty |part number
|1
|BFQ68
|1
|BFR96
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|CSMD-HQ
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|C1210
|1
|DU2860U
|1
|LCS_ELCA1
|1
|LCS_ELCA2
|1
|LCS_ELCA3
|1
|LL4148
|1
|LL4148
|1
|L_VK200_P600
|1
|L_2SP_5D_2L
|1
|L_2SP_5D_6L
|1
|L_2SP_7D_3L
|1
|L_4SP_7D_8L
|1
|L_20SP_6D_17L
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|L1812
|L1812
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|RT_3314J
|RT_3314J
|R1206-J-5K6
|R1206-J-10R
|R1206-J-15R
|R1206-J-56R
|R1206-J-100R
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-470R
|R1206-J-470R
|R1206-J-680R
|R1206-J-680R
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|R2512
|SMB-A
|SMB-A
|TAJ_10u-25V
|ZMM5V6
|c1206-22p
|c1206-33p
|c1206-47p
|c1206-47p
|c1206-47p
|c1206-56p
|c1206-68p
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100p
|c1206-100p
|c1206-100p
|c1206-150p
|Val
|
|
|1n
|1n
|100p
|100p
|68p
|15p
|12p
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|
|uH
|uH
|uH
|
|
|uH
|uH
|uH
|uH
|uH
|uH
|Tol
|
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|20
|
|10
|10
|10
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|references|Magazzino
|
|NPN 4 GHz Wideband Transistor
|Q2
|
|
|NPN 4 GHz Wideband Transistor
|Q1
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C11
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C19
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C21
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C22
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C23
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C24
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C32
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C33
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C34
|
|
|Chip High Frequency Monolithic Ceramic Capacitor|C29
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C2
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C3
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C1
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C4
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C5
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C14
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C38
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C15
|
|
|Capacitor SMD 1210
|C17
|
|
|N-Channel RF Power MOSFET (MaCom) |Q3
|
|
|inductor
|L1
|
|
|inductor
|L2
|
|
|inductor
|L3
|
|
|diode
|D2
|
|
|diode
|D1
|
|
|Inductor PTH VK200 PASSO 600th
|L14
|
|
|Bobina 2 Spire, diametro 5mm, larghezza 2mm, a Saldare|L4
|
|Bobina 2 Spire, diametro 5mm, larghezza 6mm, a Saldare|L5
|
|Bobina 2 Spire, diametro 7mm, larghezza 3mm, a Saldare|L7
|
|Bobina 4 Spire, diametro 7mm, larghezza 8mm, a Saldare|L8
|
|Bobina 20 Spire, diametro 6mm, larghezza 17mm, a Saldare|L6
|1uH0
|6uH8
|
|
|
|500
|10K
|5K6
|10R
|15R
|56R
|100R
|270R
|330R
|470R
|470R
|680R
|680R
|1
|150
|10R
|330R
|10R
|0R1
|0R1
|0R1
|10
|10R
|330R
|
|
|10u
|
|22p
|33p
|47p
|47p
|47p
|56p
|68p
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100n
|100p
|100p
|100p
|150p
|
|
|
|
|
|%
|%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|
|20%
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|25V
|
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|25V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|100V
|Inductor SMD 1812
|L15
|Inductor SMD 1812
|L16
|PAD X C.S. TIPO SMD 160X140 mills |J3
|PAD X C.S. TIPO SMD 160X140 mills |J4
|PAD X C.S. TIPO SMD 160X140 mills |J5
|TRIMMER SMD 4 x 4.7 mm
|RT1
|TRIMMER SMD 4 x 4.7 mm
|RT2
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R4
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R9
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R6
|resistor
|R1
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R5
|resistor
|R2
|resistor
|R3
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R7
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R8
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R10
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|R24
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R11
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R12
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R21
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R14
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R20
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R19
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R18
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R17
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R13
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R22
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|R23
|Female Right Angle SMB, PCB Mounting|J1
|Female Right Angle SMB, PCB Mounting|J2
|TAJ Tantalium Capacitor SMD Size C|C13
|Zener Diode 0,5 W - 5.6 V
|DZ1
|capacitor
|C41
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C10
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C7
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C6
|capacitor
|C39
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C8
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C37
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C20
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C12
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C35
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C36
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C9
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C16
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C40
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|C18
Pag. 117
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|COD
|
|
|
|COD
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
TX250S manual
DC250 BOARD - DIRECTIONAL COUPLER
Pag. 118
TX250S manual
DC250 BOARD - DIRECTIONAL COUPLER
Pag. 119
TX250S manual
DC250 BOARD - DIRECTIONAL COUPLER
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BNC-A
|C1210
|C1210
|C1210
|C1210
|Elca_Coupler_RFDC
|HSS2800
|HSS2800
|HSS2800
|HSS2800
|L1812
|L1812
|NE5532D
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|PAD_160X140
|RT_3314J
|RT_3314J
|RT_3314J
|RT_3314J
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-1K0
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-10K
|R1206-J-15R
|R1206-J-15R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-120R
|R1206-J-200R
|R1206-J-200R
|R1206-J-220K
|R1206-J-220K
|R1206-J-220K
|R1206-J-220K
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-270R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-330R
|R1206-J-470R
|R1206-J-470R
|R2512
|R2512
|SMB-A
|c1206-0p3
|c1206-1n
|c1206-1n
|c1206-22p
|c1206-33p
|c1206-33p
|c1206-100n
|c1206-100n
|Val
|
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1n
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|2K2
|1K
|1K
|1K
|1K
|10K
|10K
|15R
|15R
|120R
|120R
|200R
|220R
|220R
|220K
|220K
|220K
|270R
|270R
|270R
|270R
|270R
|270R
|330R
|330R
|470R
|470R
|82R
|82R
|
|0p3
|1n
|1n
|22p
|33p
|33p
|100n
|100n
|Tol
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|1%
|
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|BNC
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|Physical Connector
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|BNC
|100V
|capacitor
|50V
|capacitor
|50V
|capacitor
|100V
|capacitor
|100V
|capacitor
|100V
|capacitor
|25V
|capacitor
|25V
|capacitor
Pag. 120
|J2|
|C2|
|C3|
|C7|
|C8|
|TC1|
|D1|
|D2|
|D3|
|D4|
|L1|
|L2|
|U1|
|J6|
|J7|
|J4|
|J5|
|J1|
|RT1|
|RT2|
|RT3|
|RT4|
|R12|
|R11|
|R22|
|R21|
|R29|
|R24|
|R3|
|R6|
|R8|
|R18|
|R16|
|R26|
|R20|
|R19|
|R9|
|R10|
|R15|
|R14|
|R13|
|R28|
|R27|
|R25|COD
|R7|
|R17|
|R1|
|R4|
|R2|
|R5|
|J3|
|C12|
|C5|
|C9|
|C11|
|C1|
|C6|
|C4|
|C10|
TX250S manual
A250 BOARD - POWER AMPLIFIER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
|1
|1
|2
|6
|1
|2
|2
|2
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|2
|1
|2
|1
|8
|2
|1
|2
|2
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|2
|1
|1
|1
|1
|BLF278
|7812
|2K2
|1K
|56
|33
|22
|4.7
|1K5
|2K2
|4K7
|3K3
|220
|11
|680
|47K
|2K
|1N
|470N
|470PF
|33PF
|470PF
|10PF
|12PF
|8P2
|10N - HT 125°
|ELCA – T1-A250
|ELCA – L1-A250
|ELCA – L2-A250
|ELCA – L3-A250
|ELCA – L4-A250
|TRANSMISSION LINE
|1N FEED-TROUGHT
|SMB
|N
|VK200
| Wideband Mosfet
|Linear Regulator - TO220
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|RESISTOR SMD 2512
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|RESISTOR 0.25W METAL FILM
|RESISTOR 0.5W CARBON
|RESISTOR SMD 1206
|NTC – RS K45/47K/10% B=4450
|TRIMMER SMD
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|CAPACITOR SMD 1206
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 300V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 500V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 600V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 1000V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 1000V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 500V
|CAPACITOR POLI 400V CMK 169-1758
|INPUT TRANFORMER 10/1 ratio
|INDUCTOR 3TURNS 0.7EM/5 mm
|INDUCTOR 2TURNS 2Ag/7.8 mm
|INDUCTOR 13TURNS 1EM/5 mm
|INDUCTOR 3TURNS 2Ag/6.5 mm
|COAX 25 OHM TEFLON 3 mm
|CAPACITOR 20A
|COAX. INPUT CONNECTOR
|COAX. OUTPUT CONNECTOR
|INDUCTOR
Pag. 121
|MF1
|IC1
|R1,R7
|R2,R3,R8,R9,R17,R18
|R4
|R5,R6
|R20,R21
|R22,R23
|R11
|R12
|R13
|R18
|R19
|R10
|R14
|R15
|P1
|C17,C18
|C19
|C2,C3
|C1
|C14,C12,C13,C10,C11,C4,C5,C15
|C6,C8
|C7
|C20,C21
|C9,C16
|T1
|L1
|L2
|L3
|L4
|CX1,CX2
|CF1
|J1
|J2
|L5
TX250S manual
A250 BOARD - POWER AMPLIFIER
A250 BOARD - POWER AMPLIFIER
Pag. 122
TX250S manual
A250 BOARD - POWER AMPLIFIER
Pag. 123
TX250S manual
PW500 BOARD - AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
Pag. 124
TX250S manual
PW500X BOARD - AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
Pag. 125
TX250S manual
PW500 BOARD - AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
Pag. 126
TX250S manual
PW500X BOARD - AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
Pag. 127
TX250S manual
PW500 BOARD - AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BERG100M1X12V
|CCM_1u
|CCM_1u
|CCM_1u
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_2u2
|CCM_220n
|CCM_220p
|CEV_220u-25V_EKR
|CEV_220u-25V_EKR
|CEV_220u-25V_EKR
|CEV_220u-63V_EKR
|CPV_2n7_100V
|CPV_22n_100V
|CPV_220n_100V
|CPV_470n_63V
|J156X02
|J156X04
|J156X12
|LM7912
|L_TORO-D32x12_VZOCC
|L_TORO-D40x24
|L4973V3_3
|MBR10100
|RT_67W-2K
|R025-J-1R8
|R025-J-4K7
|R025-J-9K1
|R025-J-16K
|R025-J-20K
|R025-J-115K
|1N5818
|1N5818
|1N5818
|1N5818
|Val
|
|1u
|1u
|1u
|2u2
|2u2
|2u2
|220n
|220p
|220u
|220u
|220u
|220u
|2n7
|22n
|220n
|470n
|
|
|
|
|
|50uH
|
|
|2K
|1R8
|4K7
|9K1
|16K
|20K
|115K
|
|
|
|
|Tol
|
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|5%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|
|
|
|
|10
|
|
|10%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|
|
|
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|
|capacitor
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|63V
|
|100V
|capacitor
|100V
|capacitor
|100V
|capacitor
|63V
|capacitor
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|Voltage Regulator, FIXED
|
|
|
|inductor
|
|
|
|diode
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
|
|diode
Pag. 128
|references|Magazzino
|J5
|
|C7
|COD
|C17
|COD
|C10
|COD
|C3
|COD
|C4
|COD
|C5
|COD
|C13
|COD
|C11
|COD
|C6
|COD
|C16
|COD
|C15
|COD
|C1
|COD
|C8
|COD
|C12
|COD
|C2
|COD
|C9
|COD
|J2
|
|J3
|
|J1
|
|U1
|
|TRF1
|
|L1
|
|U2
|
|D1
|
|RT1
|COD
|R31
|COD
|R5
|COD
|R2
|COD
|R4
|COD
|R1
|COD
|R30
|COD
|D5
|
|D3
|
|D4
|
|D6
|
TX250S manual
PW500X BOARD - AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
|qty
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|part number
|BERG100M1X12V
|CED_10u-25V
|CED_10u-25V
|CED_10u-25V
|CED_10u-25V
|CED_10u-25V
|LL4148
|LM358D
|LTUBE-D8P5
|LTUBE-D8P5
|LT1376-5
|L1206
|OP07D
|RT_67W-10K
|RT_67W-10K
|R0805-J-1M0
|R0805-J-6K8
|R0805-J-10K
|R0805-J-10K
|R0805-J-10K
|R0805-J-13K
|R0805-J-47R
|R0805-J-100K
|R0805-J-100R
|R0805-J-100R
|R0805-J-100R
|R0805-J-300R
|R0805-J-390R
|c0805-1n
|c0805-1n
|c0805-1n
|c0805-1u
|c0805-1u
|c0805-10n
|c0805-100n
|c0805-100n
|1N5818
|Val
|
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|10u
|
|
|1mH
|1mH
|
|2u2
|
|10K
|10K
|1M0
|6K8
|10K
|10K
|10K
|13K7
|47R
|100K
|100R
|100R
|100R
|300R
|390R
|1n
|1n
|1n
|1u
|1u
|10n
|100n
|100n
|
|Tol
|
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|20%
|
|
|10
|10
|
|10%
|
|10%
|10%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|5%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|10%
|
|Work.Volt.|description
|
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|25V
|
|
|diode
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|inductor
|
|inductor
|
|
|
|inductor
|
|Opamp 5-pin
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|
|resistor
|50V
|capacitor
|50V
|capacitor
|50V
|capacitor
|6V
|capacitor
|6V
|capacitor
|50V
|capacitor
|25V
|capacitor
|25V
|capacitor
|
|diode
Pag. 129
|references|Magazzino
|J1
|
|C4
|COD
|C6
|COD
|C1
|COD
|C2
|COD
|C7
|COD
|D1
|
|U2
|
|L2
|COD
|L1
|COD
|U1
|
|L3
|COD
|U3
|
|RT2
|COD
|RT3
|COD
|R7
|COD
|R10
|COD
|R5
|COD
|R9
|COD
|R2
|COD
|R11
|COD
|R4
|COD
|R8
|COD
|R6
|COD
|R3
|COD
|R12
|COD
|R14
|COD
|R13
|COD
|C8
|COD
|C10
|COD
|C12
|COD
|C5
|COD
|C11
|COD
|C3
|COD
|C9
|COD
|C13
|COD
|D2
|
TX250S manual
LPF500 BOARD - RF LOW PASS FILTER
Pag. 130
TX250S manual
LPF500 BOARD - RF LOW PASS FILTER
item |qty
|part number
|description
|references
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
|ELCA
|ELCA
|ELCA
|ELCA
|ELCA
|ELCA
|ELCA
|15PF
|12PF
|10PF
|N
|INDUCTOR 10TURNS 1EM/7.8 mm
|INDUCTOR 5TURNS 2Ag/8.5 mm
|INDUCTOR 5TURNS 2Ag/7.8 mm
|INDUCTOR 2TURNS 2Ag/7.5 mm
|TR.LINE Ag
W=4 L=61 H=8 T=0.8
|TR.LINE Ag
W=4 L=51 H=8 T=0.8
|TR.LINE Ag
W=4 L=41 H=8 T=0.8
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 1500V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 1500V
|CAPACITOR HQ SMD 1500V
|COAX. INPUT CONNECTOR
|L1
|L2
|L3
|L4
|TL1
|TL2
|TL3
|C1,C2
|C3,C4,C5
|C6
|J1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|1
|2
|3
|1
|1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
L1-FILTRO
L2-FILTRO
L3-FILTRO
L4-FILTRO
TL1-FILTRO
TL2-FILTRO
TL3-FILTRO
Pag. 131