Chapter 3
Formatting Documents
Key Concepts
Practice Data Files
Setting margins and indents
Setting tab stops
Creating lists
Adding headers, footers, and page numbers
Inserting graphics and screen shots
Inserting footnotes and endnotes
Creating templates and HTML files
Portfolio creation (Exercise 1)
Creating a basic resume (Exercises 13)
Creating address labels (Exercise 14)
Creating blogs (Exercise 17)
TRAINING, GADGETS MAP
Project Data Files
INVENTORY, LEARNING JOURNAL,
WELCOME, TRAVEL, TELECOMMUTING, U.S.
PRESIDENTS, PROPOSAL
Formatting a Document
The formatting applied to a document can affect how the reader
interprets the document, how easily the document is read, and the overall
impression of the document. For example, if the text is very small and
covers the entire page from edge to edge, it will be very difficult to read
the text. If the text is too large and there is quite a bit of space between
each line of text, the document could appear childish. Proper formatting
is crucial in creating a professional-looking document.
Margins
Margins
Common Paper Sizes
To change the paper size, click
PAGE LAYOUT j Size.
Letter
Legal
A3
A4
Tabloid
8.5" x 11"
8.5" x 14"
297mm x 420mm
210mm x 297mm
11" x 17"
Margins are the white space around the text on a page. Margin size affects
the amount of text that a page can contain. Smaller margins leave more
room for text. Wider margins mean less text. For example, widening the
left and right margins decreases the number of characters that fit on a
line. Narrowing the same margins increases the amount of text in a line.
Similarly, larger top and bottom margins decrease the number of lines of
text a page can contain and smaller top and bottom margins increase the
amount of text on a page. The following examples contain the same text,
but have different margins:
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TIP To change units of
measurement, click
j Options. In the Advanced
options change the Show
measurements in units of
option.
Alternative Click the Page
Setup group Dialog Box
Launcher
to display the
Page Setup dialog box.
The default or Normal margins in Word are 1 inch for the left, right, top,
and bottom. Click PAGE LAYOUT j Margins to display options for changing
the margins. To format a document with margins that are not listed, click
PAGE LAYOUT j Margins j Custom Margins. The Page Setup dialog box with
the Margins tab selected is displayed, and individual margins can be set.
Indenting Paragraphs
Indent Left and Indent Right
TIP Sections are discussed in
Chapter 4.
TIP To change only the left
indent by 0.5", click HOME j
Increase Indent
or HOME j
Decrease Indent .
Margin settings apply to an entire document and cannot be different
from paragraph to paragraph (unless the document is divided into
sections.) Indents decrease the width of lines of text in a paragraph. Indents
are often used to set off paragraphs such as a quotation.
The default indents are 0 inches, meaning that lines of text extend from
the left margin to the right margin. Specify left and right indents to give
a paragraph shorter line lengths:
no indents
left and right indents
The scienfic classificaon of the zebras are as follows: mountain zebra is
Equus zebra, Burchell’s zebra is Equus burchelli, and Grevy’s zebra is
Equus grevyi.
The scienfic classificaon of the zebras are as follows:
mountain zebra is Equus zebra, Burchell’s zebra is Equus
burchelli, and Grevy’s zebra is Equus grevyi.
The scienfic classificaon of the zebras are as follows: mountain zebra is
Equus zebra, Burchell’s zebra is Equus burchelli, and Grevy’s zebra is
Equus grevyi.
Alternative Click the
Paragraph group Dialog Box
Launcher
and then use the
Indents and Spacing tab to set
indents.
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To format a paragraph with indents, use PAGE LAYOUT j Indent Left and
PAGE LAYOUT j Indent Right. The amount of indent is measured in inches.
Setting indents affects only the paragraph that contains the insertion point,
or multiple paragraphs selected together.
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Indents can also be set by dragging markers on the ruler:
TIP Click VIEW j Ruler to
display the ruler.
When an indent marker is dragged, a dotted line appears that helps line
up text.
Practice: TRAINING – part 1 of 6
!
OPEN TRAINING
a. Start Word.
b. Open TRAINING, which is a Word data file for this text.
@
CHANGE THE MARGINS
a. Click PAGE LAYOUT j Margins. Options for changing the margins are displayed.
b. Click Wide. The left and right margins are now 2 inches. Scroll through the document
and see the effect.
c. Click PAGE LAYOUT j Margins j Narrow. All the margins are now 0.5 inches. Scroll
through the document and see the effect.
d. Click PAGE LAYOUT j Margins j Custom Margins. The Page Setup dialog box is
displayed.
e. Change the margin options as shown:
f. Select OK. Scroll through the document and see the effect.
g. Save the modified TRAINING.
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#
INDENT A PARAGRAPH
a. In the “Session Descriptions” section, which starts on page 1 and ends on page 2,
place the insertion point in the paragraph that begins “Learn the difference….”
b. On the PAGE LAYOUT tab, change the Indent Left and Indent Right options to 0.5. The
left and right sides of the paragraph are indented 0.5 inches.
$
INDENT OTHER PARAGRAPHS
a. In the “Sessions Descriptions” section, place the insertion point in the paragraph
that begins “Learn specific techniques….”
b. On the ruler, drag the Left Indent marker to the 0.5" mark:
The left side of the paragraph is indented.
c. On the ruler, drag the Right Indent marker to the 5" mark:
The right side of the paragraph is indented.
d. In the “Session Descriptions” section, place the insertion point in the paragraph
that begins “Develop awareness….”
e. Format the paragraph with 0.5" left and right indents.
%
SAVE THE MODIFIED TRAINING
Space Before and After a Paragraph
Spacing Before and After
Space between paragraphs makes the text easier to read and helps
distinguish where paragraphs begin and end. The default formatting for a
paragraph is no space before (above) the paragraph and 10 points of space
after (below) the paragraph. Paragraphs of body text, such as in the body
of a letter, are typically formatted in this manner. Headings are typically
formatted with space before and some space after, which helps set the
heading closer to the text that it is associated with:
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paragraph with
space after
paragraph with space
before and after
Alternative Click the
Paragraph group Dialog Box
Launcher and then use the
Indents and Spacing tab to set
space before or space after.
The scienfic classificaon of the zebras are as follows: mountain zebra is
Equus zebra, Burchell’s zebra is Equus burchelli, and Grevy’s zebra is
Equus grevyi.
space after
space before
Mountain Zebra
space after
The mountain zebra is very rare. The stripes on the mountain zebra stop
at the underside of the belly, which is mostly white. Mountain zebras do
not form large herds.
To change the space before or after a paragraph, use PAGE LAYOUT j
Before and PAGE LAYOUT j After. The amount of space is measured in points.
Setting space before or after affects only the paragraph that contains the
insertion point, or multiple paragraphs selected together.
Line Spacing
Line and Paragraph Spacing
Line spacing refers to the vertical space between lines of text within a
paragraph. The default formatting for a paragraph is 1.5 lines of space.
This spacing can be changed to assist with the design and readability of
a document. For example, text that is double spaced allows more room for
written notes on the printed document and makes a document easier to
read:
1.15 lines
2.0 lines
The scientific classification of the zebras are as follows:
mountain zebra is Equus zebra, Burchell’s zebra is Equus
burchelli, and Grevy’s zebra is Equus grevyi.
The scientific classification of the zebras are as follows:
mountain zebra is Equus zebra, Burchell’s zebra is Equus
burchelli, and Grevy’s zebra is Equus grevyi.
Click HOME j Line and Paragraph Spacing
to display options for
changing the amount of space between lines of text in a paragraph:
Select 2.0 to format a paragraph with double spacing. For additional
spacing options, click Line Spacing Options to display the Paragraph dialog
box. Setting line spacing affects only the paragraph that contains the
insertion point, or multiple paragraphs selected together.
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Practice: TRAINING – part 2 of 6
Word should already be started with TRAINING displayed from the last practice.
!
CHANGE SPACE AFTER A PARAGRAPH
a. At top of page 1, place the insertion point in the heading “Life-Long Learning
Program.”
b. On the PAGE LAYOUT tab, set After to 24 pt. More space is added below the “Life-Long
Learning Program” heading.
@
CHANGE SPACE BEFORE PARAGRAPHS
a. In the “Session Descriptions” section, place the insertion point in the paragraph
that begins “Learn the difference….”
b. On the PAGE LAYOUT tab, set Before to 6 pt. More space is added above the paragraph.
c. In the “Session Descriptions” section, place the insertion point in the paragraph
that begins “Learn specific techniques….”
d. On the PAGE LAYOUT tab, set Before to 6 pt.
e. In the “Session Descriptions” section, place the insertion point in the paragraph
that begins “Develop awareness…” and format the paragraph with 6 pts of space
before.
#
CHANGE PARAGRAPH LINE SPACING
a. Near the top of the document, place the insertion point in the paragraph of text
that begins “Gadgets, Inc. is committed….”
b. Click HOME j Line and Paragraph Spacing
spaced:
$
j 2.0. The paragraph of text is double
SAVE THE MODIFIED TRAINING
Tabs and Tab Stops
Tabs are used to position text within a line. Press the Tab key to insert a
tab and move any text to the right of the insertion point over to the position
of the next tab stop. Delete a tab by placing the insertion point to the left
of the tab and pressing the Delete key. Any text is automatically moved
to the left to fill the space previously created by the tab.
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A tab stop specifies a location within the line of text. In Word, tab stops
are displayed on the ruler above the document. A set of default tab stops
are located at every half inch, but they do not appear on the ruler.
Tabs can be used to align text into columns of data. New tab stops are
created at the appropriate intervals to align the data in columns:
A tab stop can be set at any position on the ruler within the margins.
When a tab stop is set, Word automatically removes the default tab stops
to the left. For example, a tab stop set at 1.4 inches automatically removes
the default tab stops at 0.5 and 1.0 inches. The default stop at 1.5 inches is
not affected.
Text is aligned to a tab stop according to the type of tab stop:
• Left Tab
aligns the beginning of the text at the stop.
• Right Tab
• Center Tab
• Decimal Tab
aligns the end of the text at the stop.
centers the text equidistant over the stop.
aligns the decimal point (a period) at the stop.
Each type of tab stop is used in the text shown below. Note the markers
on the ruler:
TIP A Bar Tab can also be set.
A Bar Tab does not position
text, it inserts a vertical bar at
the tab position.
Tab stops are applied to the paragraph that contains the insertion point
or to multiple paragraphs selected together. When the insertion point is
moved through the text, the ruler changes to show the tab stops for the
current paragraph.
Set a tab stop by first clicking the tab selector on the ruler until the type
of tab stop to be created is displayed:
tab selector
Click the white area of the ruler above the document to place a tab stop.
The tab stop can be dragged to a new location if needed. For example, click
the tab selector until Right Tab
is displayed and then click the ruler to
create a right tab stop at that location.
To remove a tab stop, drag its marker downward, off the ruler. Any text
that was aligned at a deleted stop is then aligned to the next tab stop.
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Tab Leaders
A tab leader is a character that
is repeated to fill the space
spanned by a tab. Examples
of tab leaders are ...., ----, and
___. The dotted leader is often
used in a table of contents. The
solid line is used to represent a
blank on a form. Select a tab
leader in the Leader options in
the Tabs dialog box.
The Tabs dialog box is useful for changing, editing, and deleting tab
stops. Double-click a tab stop on the ruler to display the Tabs dialog
box. In the dialog box, type the Tab stop position, select the appropriate
Alignment, and then select Set to create a tab stop at that position. Repeat
this procedure to create as many tab stops as needed. To remove a tab stop,
select it from the Tab stop position list and then select Clear. Select Clear All
to remove all the tab stops.
Selecting a Vertical Block of Text
Data formatted into columns often have different formatting applied
to individual columns of data. To select a vertical block of text, hold down
the Alt key and drag:
Formatting can then be applied to the selected text. For example, click
to format selected data as bold:
HOME j Bold
Practice: TRAINING – part 3 of 6
Word should already be started with TRAINING displayed from the last practice.
!
SELECT TEXT FOR FORMATTING
a. Display formatting marks if they are not already showing.
b. Scroll to the “Schedule” section. The paragraphs in this section have a single tab
between each column: one tab after “Session,” “Day,” and “Time.” The information
is difficult to read because tab stops have not been set.
c. Select all the paragraphs in the “Schedule” section:
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@
SET TAB STOPS
a. At the far left of the ruler, click the tab selector until Left Tab
is not already showing.
is displayed, if it
b. Click the ruler near the 2" mark. A left tab stop is created and the “Day” column
is aligned at the stop.
c. On the ruler, drag the left tab stop marker to 1.75". The column of text is moved
closer to the session names.
d. Click the tab selector until Right Tab
is displayed.
e. Click the ruler at 3.75". A right tab stop is created and the “Time” column is aligned
at the stop.
f. Double-click any tab stop on the ruler. The Tabs dialog box is displayed.
1. In the Tab stop position box, type: 4.75
2. In the Alignment options, click Center.
3. Select Set and then OK. A center tab stop is created and the “Location” column
is aligned at the stop.
Check — Your document should look similar to:
#
FORMAT A VERTICAL BLOCK OF TEXT
a. Press and hold the Alt key and drag from the beginning of the “Assertiveness” title
to the end of the data in the first column:
b. Click HOME j Italic
$
. The column of text is formatted as italic:
SAVE THE MODIFIED TRAINING
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Hanging and First Line Indents
TIP Creating a bibliography is
discussed in Chapter 4.
A paragraph can be formatted so that the first line is indented differently from the rest of the paragraph. When the first line of a paragraph
is farther to the left than the rest of the paragraph, it is formatted with a
hanging indent. A hanging indent is often used for lists, outlines, or for a
bibliography entry:
Levy, Kristin. The Complete Guide to Selling Inner-Spring
Mattresses. Chicago: Buffet Press, 2013.
To create a hanging indent, drag the Hanging Indent marker on the
ruler:
Hanging Indent marker
A hanging indent can also be created using the Paragraph dialog box. Click
the Paragraph group Dialog Box Launcher , then in the dialog box click
the Indents and Spacing tab. Select Hanging in the Special list and specify the
indent amount in the By box.
Another paragraph format is the first line indent, which indents the first
line of the paragraph farther to the right than the rest of the paragraph.
A first line indent is often used for text in a published book or paper. For
example, this paragraph is formatted with a first line indent.
To create a first line indent, drag the First Line Indent marker on the
ruler:
First Line Indent marker
A first line indent can also be created using options in the Indents and
Spacing tab in the Paragraph dialog box. Select First line in the Special list
and specify the indent amount in the By box.
Setting hanging or first line indents affects only the paragraph that
contains the insertion point, or multiple paragraphs selected together.
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Creating Bulleted and Numbered Lists
Numbering
TIP When formatting lists,
complete paragraphs do not
need to be selected as long as
text from every paragraph is
included in the selection.
Bullets
Increase Indent
In a bulleted list, each item is a separate paragraph formatted with a
hanging indent, a bullet (•), and a tab. To create a bulleted list, first select
the paragraphs in the list and then click HOME j Bullets
:
Bulleted lists are used when each item is equally important. Numbered
lists show a priority of importance and are used, for example, for the steps
in a recipe. To create a numbered list, first select the paragraphs and then
click HOME j Numbering
:
TIP Word automatically
formats a paragraph as a list
item if an asterisk or “1.” is
typed at the beginning of a
paragraph.
Bullet and Numbering
Library
Click t he ar row in t he
Bullet s
or Numbering
buttons to select other
bullet characters or different
numbering formats.
Click HOME j Increase Indent
to increase the indent of bulleted or
numbered items. To remove the bullets or numbering list formats, select
the formatted p
paragraphs and then click HOME j Bullets
or HOME j
Numbering
again.
A multi-level list can be created by selecting text, clicking the Multilevel
list button and selecting a multilevel list style:
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Practice: TRAINING – part 4 of 6
Word should already be started with TRAINING displayed from the last practice.
!
FORMAT A HANGING INDENT
a. Scroll to the “Instructors” section on page 2 and then select the two paragraphs
about the instructors:
b. On the ruler, drag the Hanging Indent marker to the 1" mark.
c. The paragraphs have hanging indents, but are still not formatted properly. Place
the insertion point just after “Merlin” in the first instructor paragraph.
d. Delete the space and then press the Tab key.
e. Replace the space after the second instructor’s last name with a tab.
Check – Your document should look similar to:
@
FORMAT A NUMBERED LIST
a. Scroll to the “Program Objectives” section on page 1.
b. Select the three paragraphs about program objectives:
c. Click HOME j Numbering
. The paragraphs are formatted with numbers and a
hanging indent. Click anywhere in the document to remove the selection:
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#
FORMAT A BULLETED LIST
a. Scroll to the “Registration” section.
b. Select the four paragraphs about registration.
c. Click HOME j Bullets
hanging indent:
$
. The items in the list are formatted with bullets and a
SAVE THE MODIFIED TRAINING
Headers and Footers
Header
Footer
A header is an area at the top of a page and a footer is an area at the bottom
of the page. A header or footer is typically used to include the page number,
file name, author’s name, and the date on each page. To create a header
or footer, click INSERT j Header or INSERT j Footer. A gallery of built-in
designs is displayed. Click a built-in design and the document text dims, the
header or footer is added, and the DESIGN tab is displayed on the Ribbon:
Type text to replace the placeholder and then format the text as needed.
Use the DESIGN tab to further customize the header or footer:
• Change the distance from the header or footer to the edge of the
page using Header from Top
or Footer from Bottom .
• The header or footer is printed on each page of the document. To
specify a different header and footer for the first page, select the
Different First Page check box. The header and footer tabs on page 1
change:
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Click DESIGN j Go to Header or DESIGN j Go to Footer to move the
insertion point between the header and footer. Click DESIGN j Close Header
and Footer or double-click the body of the document to close the header
and footer.
Double-click in the header or footer area to make it active again and
allow for editing.
Adding Times, Dates, and
Page Numbers
Page Number
TIP Many of the header
and footer built-in designs
contain page number and date
placeholders.
Date & Time
Page numbers are helpful in documents that have more than one page.
To add the page number at the insertion point in an existing header or
footer, click DESIGN j Page Number j Current Position.
If a header or footer has not yet been created, click:
• INSERT j Page Number j Top of Page to create a header with a page
number. Any existing header is replaced.
• INSERT j Page Number j Bottom of Page to create a footer with a
page number. Any existing footer is replaced.
• INSERT j Page Number j Page Margins to add a page number in the
left or right margins. To edit a page number in the margins, make
the header active.
The page number can then be formatted as needed. When the document
is printed, the appropriate page number will print on each page. To change
the numbering style, click Page Number j Format Page Numbers. To delete a
page number, click Page Number j Remove Page Numbers or select the page
number and press the Delete key.
TIP Page Number and Date &
Time are found on both the
INSERT tab and the DESIGN
tab.
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It is easier to keep track of document revisions when printouts include the
date and time they were printed. To add the date or time, select
from the INSERT or DESIGN tab and then select a format from the displayed
dialog box. Select the Update automatically check box in the dialog box
to have the date and time automatically updated when a document is
printed or opened. To update the date and time in the document, place the
insertion point within the date or time and then press F9 or click Update:
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Adding and Positioning Graphics
Graphics can be used to make a document more interesting and
informative. Graphics in digital format come from various sources,
including a web page, an online source, digital camera pictures, screen
captures, and illustration software:
• To insert a saved picture, click INSERT j Pictures to display the
Insert Picture dialog box with a list of graphic files.
TIP Check copyright
restrictions before using an
image from a website.
• To insert a picture from a web page, right-click the picture and
select Copy. Switch to the Word document, right-click and select
Paste.
• To insert a picture from an online source, click INSERT j Online
Pictures and browse or type a keyword to search for images:
Graphic File Formats
Commonly-used graphic file
formats are:
GIF (pronounced either “giff”
with a hard g or “jiff”)
JPG (pronounced “jay-peg”)
PNG (pronounced “ping”)
TIF (pronounced “tiff”)
When a graphic is selected, the Layout Options icon is displayed. Click
the Layout Options icon to select an appropriate layout:
TIP Click FORMAT j Bring
Forward or FORMAT j Send
Backward to move overlapping
graphics on top of each other
or behind.
For example, to have the picture displayed in front of the text at a certain
location on the page, select In Front of Text and then click Fix position on page.
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Editing Graphics
When a graphic is inserted, the PICTURE TOOLS FORMAT tab is added to
the Ribbon and is used to change the look of a selected graphic:
Corrections
Wrap Text
Color
Remove
Background
Picture Styles
Picture Effects
Crop
• Corrections displays options for sharpening and softening the
image and for changing the brightness and contrast:
• Color options can be used to recolor the graphic:
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• Artistic Effects displays a list of artistic effects:
•
compresses the picture to reduce the file size.
•
displays a dialog box used to select a different picture.
The formatting and size of the current picture is preserved.
•
discards all of the formatting changes.
• Picture Styles apply several picture formats:
•
adds a border.
•
adds effects such as bevels and shadows.
•
converts the graphic to a SmartArt graphic:
TIP SmartArt graphics are
explained in Chapter 4.
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• Background Removal removes unwanted parts of the graphic:
• Position lines up a selected graphic in a specific position on a page.
• Wrap Text displays options for changing the way text wraps around
the graphic. For example, Wrap Text j Behind Text places the graphic
behind the text:
• Crop trims away areas of the graphic that are not needed.
• Height and Width are used to size a graphic. Alternatively, point to
a corner handle, which changes the pointer to and then drag to
size the graphic:
When sizing a graphic, it is important to drag a corner handle
because dragging a center handle causes distortion. Click the
rotation handle and drag to rotate the graphic.
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Screenshots
A screenshot is a picture of a window that is open on your Desktop. To
insert a screenshot into a document, select INSERT j Screenshot. Open
windows are displayed:
Click a window to place the screenshot in the Word document. To capture
just a portion of the window, click Screen Clipping.
Text Effects and Typography
Text Effects, such as shadow and glow were introduced in Chapter 2.
The Text Effects and Typography menu also includes options for Number
Styles, Ligatures, and Stylistic Sets:
Ligatures are combinations of two or more characters into a single character
to create more readable text:
TIP OpenType is a scalable
font format that was
developed by Microsoft and
Adobe.
Ligatures are not enabled by default. To enable this feature, format text
using an OpenType font (a scalable font format) such as Gabriola, then click
HOME j Text Effects and Typography j Ligatures j Standard Only.
Stylistic Sets are available for some OpenType fonts, such as Gabriola.:
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Practice: TRAINING – part 5 of 6
Word should already be started with TRAINING displayed from the last practice.
!
CREATE A HEADER WITH THE PAGE NUMBER
a. Click INSERT j Page Number j Top of Page. A gallery is displayed.
b. Scroll the gallery and click the Bold Numbers 2 built-in design. The header is created
with a centered page number “Page 1 of 3” and the DESIGN tab is displayed on the
Ribbon.
c. Type your name followed by a space:
@
ADD THE DATE IN THE FOOTER
a. Click DESIGN j Go To Footer. The insertion point is moved to the footer.
b. Click DESIGN j Date & Time. A dialog box is displayed.
1. Select a format similar to 10/31/2015 5:22:48 PM.
2. Select the Update automatically check box.
3. Select OK. A date and time that will automatically update are added.
c. Click to select the date and time.
d. Click HOME j Bold
. The date and time are formatted as bold.
e. Click DESIGN j Close Header and Footer. The header and footer are dimmed.
#
INSERT A GRAPHIC AND FORMAT IT
a. Scroll to page 2 to the “Session Locations” section and place the insertion point at
the beginning of the paragraph that begins “The walls of….“.
b. Click INSERT j Picture. A dialog box is displayed.
1. Navigate to GADGETS MAP, which is a data file for this text.
2. Select Insert. The picture is displayed at the insertion point.
c. Click FORMAT j Color j Dark Blue, Text color 2 Dark.
$
POSITION THE GRAPHIC
a. Click FORMAT j Wrap Text j Square. The text wraps around the graphic.
b. Drag the map so that the top of the map is even with the first line of text in the
“Session Locations” section and the right side of the map is about even with the
right margin:
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c. Click the Layout Options icon. Notice Move with text is selected. The graphic will
automatically adjust its position if text is added or deleted.
%
SAVE THE DOCUMENT
Pagination
Page Break
Manual and Automatic
Page Breaks
An inserted page break is
called a “manual” or “hard”
page break. Where Word
ends one page and begins
another is sometimes called
an “automatic” page break.
Pagination is how a document is divided into pages. Word automatically
determines how much text will fit on a page based on the amount of text
and the document formatting. As a document is edited, Word automatically
updates the pagination. To change pagination, insert a page break. Inserting
a page break moves the text after the insertion point to the next page. To
insert a break, press Ctrl+Enter or click INSERT j Page Break.
To delete a page break, place the insertion point to the left of the page
break and press the Delete key. The document repaginates and text from
the next page moves up to fill the current page.
Creating Footnotes and Endnotes
Insert Endnote
Insert Footnote
Research papers and reports often include footnotes to cite sources. A
footnote is an explanatory note or reference printed at the bottom of the
page where it is referenced. To add a footnote, place the insertion point in
the text where the footnote number should appear and click REFERENCES
j Insert Footnote. A number is placed in the text and the insertion point
is moved to a new footnote at the end of the document:
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TIP The standard format for
footnotes is a 0.5 inch first
line indent and a blank line
above each footnote.
A separator line indicates the footnotes
TIP Double-click the footnote
number in the text to move
the insertion point to the
footnote at the bottom of the
page.
In a new footnote, the insertion point is placed to the right of the footnote number at the bottom of the page so that the footnote information
can be typed and formatting applied.
By default, Word numbers footnotes with Arabic numerals such as 1
and 2. To change the number format, click the Footnotes group Dialog Box
Launcher to display the Footnote and Endnote dialog box. Options in
this dialog box affect the number format, the starting number, and the
location of the footnotes.
Word sequentially numbers footnotes, and automatically renumbers
footnotes when one is moved, inserted, copied, or deleted. To delete a footnote, delete the footnote number in the text, which automatically removes
the reference from the bottom of the page.
endnotes
TIP Creating a bibliography is
discussed in Chapter 4.
Endnotes appear on the last page of a document and are a common
method of references for a research paper. To create an endnote, place
the insertion point in the text where the endnote number should appear
and click REFERENCES j Insert Endnote. A number is placed in the text
and the insertion point is moved to the end of the document. By default,
Word numbers endnotes with lowercase Roman numerals such as i and
ii. Change the number format in the Footnote and Endnote dialog box.
Practice: TRAINING – part 6 of 6
The footnotes in this practice have the standard format as defined in The Gregg Reference Manual Eleventh
Edition by William Sabin (© 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.). Word should already be started with
TRAINING displayed from the last practice.
!
CREATE A FOOTNOTE
a. In the first paragraph of the document, place the insertion point after the period
after the last word, which reads “…harmony.”
b. Click REFERENCES j Insert Footnote. Word inserts a 1 and the insertion point is
moved to the bottom of the page where the footnote text can be typed. Note the
separator line between the body of the document and the footnote.
@
ENTER THE FOOTNOTE TEXT
a. Type the following text, allowing Word to wrap the text:
Chris Kemperstein, Working in Harmony: The Gadgets Philosophy (Atlanta:
Caliper Press, 2014), p. 110.
b. Move the insertion point to the left of the footnote number and then press Enter.
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#
FORMAT THE FOOTNOTE TEXT
a. Select the book title, “Working in Harmony: The Gadgets Philosophy.”
b. Click HOME j Italic
. The book title is now italic.
c. Click anywhere in the footnote text. The book title is no longer selected and the
insertion point is placed in the footnote.
d. With the insertion point in the footnote text, drag the first line indent marker on
the ruler to 0.5". The footnote now has a first line indent of 0.5 inches:
$
CHANGE THE PAGINATION
a. Place the insertion point just to the left of the “S” in “Session Descriptions.”
b. Click INSERT j Page Break. A page break is inserted, and text after the break is
moved to the next page.
c. Scroll to the “Instructors” heading on page 2 and place the insertion point just to
the left of the “I” in “Instructors.”
d. Press Ctrl+Enter. A page break is inserted, and text after the break is moved to the
next page.
e. Scroll up and place the insertion point to the left of the page break:
f. Press the Delete key. The page break is deleted.
g. Press the Delete key again to delete the extra paragraph.
h. Place the insertion point just to the left of the “S” in “Session Locations.”
i. Click INSERT j Page Break.
%
SAVE THE MODIFIED TRAINING, PRINT A COPY, AND CLOSE THE DOCUMENT
Templates
A template is a master document that includes the basic elements for
particular types of documents. Templates are used again and again
whenever a document of that type is needed. For example, office memos
usually contain the same layout (To:, From:, Subject:, company logo,
and so on), with only the topic changing for each new memo. Instead of
typing the text, setting tab stops, and applying the formatting every time,
a more efficient approach would be to create a template that contains the
unchanging elements and then use this template each time a new memo
is needed.
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When Word is started, you will see a list of featured templates:
Alternative Click FILE j New
to display the list of templates.
Using a template is a quick way to create a professional-looking document.
You can also create your own template by typing and formatting text in
a new document. The file is saved as a template by selecting Word Template
in the Save as type list. A new document can then be created from the
j New and then clicking PERSONAL:
template by selecting
TIP A Word template is saved
with a .dotx extension.
A list of templates stored on the computer is displayed. When a template is
used, Word creates a new, blank, untitled document that contains the same
formatting and text as the template. This prevents accidentally saving over
and changing the original template.
Practice: Generic Memo
The document created in this practice is a memo as defined in The Gregg Reference Manual Twelfth Edition by
William Sabin (© 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.).
!
@
CREATE A NEW BLANK WORD DOCUMENT
TYPE TEXT AND FORMAT THE DOCUMENT
a. Press the Enter key twice to move the insertion point down about 1 inch (2.54 cm)
from the top margin.
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b. Type the following text, pressing the Tab key after each colon. Include two blank
lines after the “SUBJECT” line:
c. Format each word as bold. Do not format the tab or the colon as bold.
d. Select the paragraphs that contain text, and then set a left-aligned tab stop at 1".
e. Click anywhere to remove the selection.
#
SAVE THE TEMPLATE
On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Save
.
1. Navigate to the appropriate location to save the file.
2. In the File name box, type: Generic Memo
3. In the Save as type list, select Word Template. Note that this may automatically
change the saving location to the Custom Word Templates folder.
4. Select Save. The document is saved as a template.
$
%
CLOSE THE TEMPLATE
CREATE A NEW DOCUMENT USING THE TEMPLATE
a. Select
j New.
b. Click PERSONAL.
c. Click the Generic Memo template. A new document with the Generic Memo
template text is displayed.
^
CREATE A MEMO USING THE TEMPLATE
a. Type the following information into the memo headings, replacing Name with
your name:
b. Place the insertion point in the last blank paragraph of the document.
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c. Complete the memo by typing the following text for the body of the memo:
&
SAVE, PRINT, AND THEN CLOSE THE DOCUMENT
a. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Save
. The Save As dialog box is displayed.
1. Navigate to the appropriate location for the file to be saved.
2. In the File name box, replace the existing text with Vacation Days Memo and
then select Save.
b. Print a copy of the memo and then close the document.
Creating A Web Page
There are a number of options for saving a Word document as a web
page. The Web Page, Filtered option is a good choice because this option
only keeps only the content and styles creating a small file without a lot
of extra code. When this option is selected, the file is saved as an HTML
file. HTML is the file format for documents viewed using a browser, such
as documents on the Web.
TIP In Internet Explorer
version 10, press the Alt key to
display the File menu.
j Save As, navigate to
To save a document as an HTML file, select
the appropriate location to save the file, and then select Web Page, Filtered
in the Save as type list. Click the Change Title button to give the web page
a descriptive web page title, which is text displayed in the title bar of the
browser window. Click the Tags box to add a tag to the document. Tags
are keywords, separated by semi-colons, used to organize and search for
documents.
To view the file in a web browser, open a browser, such as Internet
Explorer and select File j Open. An HTML document opened in Word is
displayed in Web Layout view.
Creating and Editing PDF Documents
Recall that PDF (Portable Document Format) is a file format that
preserves document formatting. To save a Word document in PDF format,
j Save As, navigate to the appropriate location to save the file,
select
and then select PDF in the Save as type list. Adobe Reader is used to view
a PDF document.
A PDF document can be converted into a Word document. This
conversion will allow the file to be edited within Word. A PDF file is
opened by selecting
j Open. When a PDF document is opened in
Word, the file may not look exactly as it did as a PDF and this type of
conversion works best with documents that are mainly text.
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Practice: Contini Picnic
This practice requires browser software. Internet access is not required.
!
CREATE A NEW WORD DOCUMENT
a. In a new document, type the following text, replacing Name with your name:
b. Bold the title “Contini’s Cookies Annual Picnic” and make it 24 points in size.
c. Format the four paragraphs of “Picnic menu” items as a bulleted list.
@
INSERT A PICTURE
a. Add three blank paragraphs after the “…have any questions.” paragraph.
b. With the insertion point in the last blank paragraph, click Insert j Online Pictures.
The Insert Pictures dialog box is displayed.
1. In the Office.com Clip Art search box, type picnic and press Enter.
2. Scroll and then click an appropriate clip art graphic.
3. Select Insert. The clip art is placed at the insertion point.
c. If the graphic is too large, drag a corner handle to size the graphic smaller.
d. Click the Layout Options icon and select the options Tight and Move with text.
e. Drag the picture to the right of the bulleted list, sizing again if necessary.
f. Click the Picture Tools Format tab and apply a picture style.
#
SAVE THE DOCUMENT AND PRINT A COPY
a. Save the document naming it: Contini Picnic
b. Print a copy.
$
SAVE THE DOCUMENT AS AN HTML FILE
a. Select
j Save As. Navigate to the appropriate location to save the file.
1. In the Save as type list, select Web Page, Filtered.
2. Click Change Title. A dialog box is displayed.
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3. Type a title as shown:
4. Select OK.
5. Select Save. If a dialog box is displayed, click Yes. The document is displayed
in Web Layout view.
%
OPEN THE HTML DOCUMENT IN A BROWSER
a. Start Internet Explorer.
b. Select File j Open. A dialog box is displayed. If the File menu is not visible, press
the Alt key to display the menu bar.
c. Navigate to the file and select Open.
d. Select OK. The web page document is displayed.
e. Expand the window, if necessary, to view the entire document.
f. Close the browser window.
^
CLOSE CONTINI PICNIC AND QUIT WORD
Chapter Summary
This chapter discussed formatting documents to improve appearance
and readability. Proper formatting is crucial in creating a professionallooking document.
Margins are the white region around text on a page. They affect the
amount of text a page can contain. Margins are set using the PAGE LAYOUT
tab. Left and right indents affect the width of lines of text in a paragraph.
Indents are set using the PAGE LAYOUT tab or by dragging markers on the
ruler.
By default, text is formatted with space after a paragraph. Space before
and after paragraphs can be changed using the PAGE LAYOUT tab. The
line spacing of text in a paragraph is changed using the HOME tab or the
Paragraph dialog box.
Tabs are used to position text within a line. A tab stop specifies a location
within a line of text and is displayed on the ruler above a document. The
tab selector is used to set a tab stop. Tabs are also used to align multiple
paragraphs of text into columns.
A vertical block of text is selected by holding down the Alt key and
dragging. Once selected, formatting can be applied to the entire column.
Hanging indents and first line indents affect the width of the first line
of text in a paragraph. These indents are set by dragging markers on the
ruler. Bulleted and numbered lists are paragraphs with a number or bullet,
a tab, and formatted with a hanging indent.
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A header is an area at the top of a page and the footer is an area at the
bottom of the page. The INSERT tab is used to display the header and footer.
Page numbers and the date and time are added using the INSERT tab.
Graphics from a file or online source are added to a document using
the INSERT tab. The FORMAT tab is used to change the look of a selected
graphic. Pagination is how a document is divided into pages. Page breaks
are added using the INSERT tab or by pressing Ctrl+Enter.
Footnotes and endnotes used in research papers are created on the
REFERENCES tab. Remove a footnote or endnote by deleting its number
from the text.
A template contains the basic elements for a particular type of document.
A variety of predesigned templates are available in Word.
A Word document can be converted to an HTML document and a PDF
document. A PDF document can be opened in Word in order to make edits
to a PDF file.
Vocabulary
Bulleted list List created with each item as a separate
paragraph formatted with a hanging indent, a character
such as a bullet (•), and a tab.
Ligatures Two or more letters combined into one character.
Center tab Centers the text equidistant over the stop.
Numbered list List created with each item as a separate
paragraph formatted with a hanging indent, a number, and
a tab. Each number indicates an item’s priority in the list.
Decimal tab Aligns the decimal point (a period) at
the stop.
Endnote Used to document a source. Found on the last
page of a document.
Margins The white region around the text on a page.
OpenType A scalable font format.
Page break Changes where one page ends and another
begins.
First line indent First line of a paragraph that is farther
to the right than the rest of the paragraph.
Pagination How a document is divided into pages.
Footer Text that is printed at the bottom of each page.
Right tab Aligns the end of the text at the stop.
Footnote An explanatory note or reference printed at
the bottom of the page where it is referenced.
Screenshot A tool that allows you to take a picture of a
window that is open on your Desktop.
Hanging indent First line of a paragraph that is farther
to the left than the rest of the paragraph.
Tab Used to position text within a line.
Header Text that is printed at the top of each page.
Template A master document that includes the basic
elements for a particular type of document.
HTML The file format for documents viewed using
a browser.
Indent Paragraph format that decreases the width of
lines of text in a specific paragraph.
Tab stop Specifies a location within a line of text.
Web page title Text displayed in the title bar of a web
browser.
Left tab Aligns the beginning of the text at the stop.
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Word Commands
After
Changes the amount of space after a paragraph.
Found on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.
Before
Changes the amount of space before a paragraph.
Found on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.
Bottom of Page Creates a footer with a page number.
Found in INSERT j Page Number.
Bullets
Formats a paragraph with a hanging indent
and inserts a bullet and a tab to create a bulleted item in
a list. Found on the HOME tab.
Close Header and Footer Closes the header and footer.
Found on the DESIGN tab.
Color Changes the colors in a selected graphic. Found
on the FORMAT tab.
Corrections Brightness, Contrast, Sharpen and Soften
options. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Crop Trims away areas of the graphic that are not needed
in a selected graphic. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Current Position Adds a page number at the insertion
point. Found in INSERT j Page Number.
Date & Time
Displays a dialog box used to
insert the current date or time at the insertion point.
Found on the INSERT tab.
Footer Displays a gallery of footers. Found on the INSERT
tab.
Footer from Top Changes the distance from the footer to
the edge of the page. Found on the DESIGN tab.
Format Page Numbers Displays a dialog box used to change
the page numbering style. Found in INSERT j Page Number.
Go to Footer Moves the insertion point to the footer. Found
on the DESIGN tab.
Go to Header Moves the insertion point to the header.
Found on the DESIGN tab.
Header Displays a gallery of headers. Found on the INSERT
tab.
Header from Top Changes the distance from the header to
the edge of the page. Found on the DESIGN tab.
Height and Width Used to size a graphic. Found on the
FORMAT tab.
Increase Indent
Increases the indent of bulleted or
numbered items. Found on the HOME tab.
Insert Endnote
Places a number in the text and moves
the insertion point to the end of the document. Found on
the REFERENCES tab.
Insert Footnote Places a number in the text and moves
the insertion point to the bottom of the page. Found on
the REFERENCES tab.
Line & Paragraph Spacing
Used to change the amount
of space between lines of text in a paragraph. Found on
the HOME tab.
Margins Displays options used to format the margins of
a document. Found on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.
Numbering
Formats a paragraph with a hanging indent
and inserts a number and a tab to create a numbered item
in a list. Found on the HOME tab.
Page Break Inserts a page break at the insertion point.
Found on the INSERT tab.
Page Margins Creates a page number in the left or right
margins. Found in INSERT j Page Number.
Page Number Displays a gallery of built-in designs used
to add a page number in the document. Found on the
INSERT tab.
Picture Displays a dialog box used to insert a graphic at
the insertion point. Found on the INSERT tab.
Picture Border Adds a border to a selected graphic. Found
on the FORMAT tab.
Picture Effects Adds effects such as bevels and shadows
to a selected graphic. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Picture Layout Converts a graphic to a SmartArt graphic.
Found on the FORMAT tab.
Position Displays options for lining up a selected graphic
on the page. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Remove Background Removes unwanted portions of an
image. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Reset Picture Removes the formatting from a selected
graphic. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Screenshot Inserts a screen shot of another open window.
Found on the INSERT tab.
Top of Page Creates a header with a page number. Found
in INSERT j Page Number.
Wrap Text Displays options for wrapping text around an
object. Found on the FORMAT tab.
Indent Left
Indents the left side of a paragraph. Found
on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.
Indent Right
Indents the right side of a paragraph.
Found on the PAGE LAYOUT tab.
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Review Questions
1.
Describe how formatting can affect the usability
of a document.
2.
How can the margins of a document be changed
so the left margin is 2" and the right margin 3"?
3.
4.
5.
6.
What is the difference between formatting
a paragraph with a 1" left indent using PAGE
LAYOUT j Indent Left
and by dragging
markers on the ruler?
a) Why are paragraphs of text formatted with
space after each paragraph?
b) How is the space before a paragraph
changed?
a) Give an example of a document that is
typically double spaced.
b) How is the formatting of a paragraph
changed to double spaced?
a) How can you tell where tab stops have been
set?
b) What default tab stops will automatically be
removed when a tab stop is set at 3”?
c) List the steps required to set a center tab stop
at 2.25".
7.
What type of data would be best aligned using
a decimal tab stop?
8.
What type of indent formats the first line of a
paragraph farther to the left than the rest of the
paragraph?
9.
a) List the steps required to format a paragraph
with a hanging indent of 0.25".
b) Give an example of when a hanging indent
is useful.
10. List the steps required to format six paragraphs
as a bulleted list of six items.
11. When would a numbered list be used instead
of a bulleted list?
12. a) What is a header?
b) List three kinds of information that is often
included in a header or footer.
c) What option is selected to have the header
not print on the first page?
13. a) What option is used to position a graphic
relative to the text?
b) List three sources of graphics.
14. Other than changing margins, what else can
affect a document’s pagination?
15. a) List two ways to insert a page break.
b) How is a page break deleted?
16. a) What are footnotes used for?
b) Compare and contrast uses and formatting
of footnotes and endnotes.
17. a) What is a template?
b) Give an example of when using a template
could be helpful. Explain why.
18. Describe the usefulness of being able to save a
Word document as an HTML file and as a PDF
file.
True/False
19. a) Margin settings can change from paragraph
to paragraph.
b) Indents are often used to set off paragraphs
such as a quotation.
c) A paragraph in a new document is double
spaced by default.
d) Default tab stops are located at every inch on
the ruler.
e) A right tab stop aligns the end of the text at
the stop.
f) A hanging indent is part of the standard
footnote format.
g) The steps in a recipe should be formatted as
a bulleted list, and the ingredients are best
formatted as a numbered list.
h) It is possible to have a different header and
footer printed on the first page than on the
rest of the pages.
i) The keywords clip art are appropriate when
searching for clip art of musical instruments.
j) Cut, Copy, and Paste can be used to create
copies of or move a selected graphic.
k) Once inserted, page breaks cannot be deleted
from a document.
l) Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page
by default.
m) A web page title is text displayed in the title
bar of the web browser.
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Projects
Project 1
——————————————————————————
A portfolio is a collection of work that clearly illustrates effort, progress, and achievement of knowledge
and skills. A portfolio can take the form a three-ring binder or similar container, or it can be stored in
digital format. Samples of work included in portfolios are often called artifacts. A complete portfolio
will also include written reflections about each artifact. Create a portfolio using artifacts created from
the Projects in this text. The portfolio should contain:
• an inventory of the works produced
• artifacts
• a learning journal, which documents the skills acquired as a result
of working through this text and reflects on each artifact
a) Open INVENTORY, which is a Word data file for this text. Replace Name with your
name in the footer. Print a copy and place the hard copy at the front of the portfolio.
Each time an artifact is added to the portfolio, it should be documented on the inventory
sheet.
b) As assignments are completed, select artifacts for the portfolio. The artifacts selected
for the portfolio should be “polished copies.” This may require making edits to work
that has already been assessed. Select artifacts that illustrate a range of skills and
knowledge learned.
c) Each time an artifact is selected, open LEARNING JOURNAL, which is a Word data file
for this text, and make an entry in the learning journal to document and reflect on the
skills acquired as a result of completing the artifact. In the footer, replace Name with
your name. When the portfolio is complete, place a copy of LEARNING JOURNAL after
the artifacts.
d) Once a portfolio has enough content to use, it should be assembled and updated
frequently.
Project 2
———————————————————————
The WELCOME document contains a letter for new customers. Open WELCOME, which is Word data
file for this text, and complete the following steps:
a) Format the title “Travel...With a Purpose” as 18 point, bold, and in a different font, with
24 points of space after the paragraph.
b) Insert TRAVEL, which is a graphic data file for this text. Size the picture appropriately.
Format the graphic with Square text wrapping and position it to the right of the
paragraph that begins “Travel...With a Purpose”
c) Change the top and left margins of the document to 2".
d) Format the paragraphs of text about the hours at the bottom of the letter with the
following tab stops:
• at 1.25" create a left tab stop (for the hours on Monday – Friday)
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• at 2.75" create a left tab stop (for the hours on Saturday)
• at 4.25" create a left tab stop (for the hours on Sunday)
e) Format the column titles as italic, and the first column as bold.
f) Save the modified WELCOME and print a copy.
Project 3
————————————————————————
You are creating an article about the advantages of telecommuting. Open TELECOMMUTING, which
is a Word data file for this text, and complete the following steps:
a) Center align the following headings and format them as 14 point, bold, Tahoma, with
10 points of space before each paragraph:
“Computers in the HOME Office”
“The Process of Telecommuting”
“Advantages of Telecommuting”
“Telecommuting in Coral County”
b) Format the first sentence of the second paragraph that begins “Telecommuting is
possible because….” as italic.
c) Change the margins to Narrow.
d) Insert a page break before the heading “Telecommuting in Coral County.”
e) Format the paragraphs of text about the number of people and percentage of population
with the following tab stops:
• at 2" create a right tab stop (for the number of people)
• at 3.5" create a right tab stop (for the percentage of population)
f) The column titles should be centered above the text in the columns. Format only the
column titles “Number of People” and “Percentage of Population” to have the following
tab stops:
• at 1.75" create a center tab stop (for “Number of People”)
• at 3.5" create a center tab stop (for “Percentage of Population”)
g) Bold the column titles.
h) Format the line that contains the totals as italic.
i) Create 0.5" left and right indents for the last paragraph on page 1, the one that begins
“…if 10% to 20%….”
j)
Place a footnote after the period ending the quote indented in step (i). Create the
following footnote for the quote, formatting it in the standard format as practiced
earlier in this chapter:
k) Save the modified TELECOMMUTING and print a copy.
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Project 4
————————————————————————
As a freelance writer, you are writing on a story on how vitamins can be found in many different
sources.
a) In a new document, type the following text, separating the columns with single tabs
(do not precede the first column with a tab). Your text will not be arranged as shown
here until tab stops have been set:
Vitamin
A
B1
B12
C
E
Purpose
skeletal growth, skin
metabolism of carbohydrates
production of proteins
resistance to infection
antioxidant
Common Food Sources
green leafy or yellow vegetables
whole grains, liver
liver, kidney, lean meat
citrus fruits, tomatoes
peanut or corn oils
b) Save the document naming it Vitamins.
c) Format all the paragraphs to have no space before or after.
d) Format all the paragraphs with the following tab stops:
• at 1.25" create a left tab stop (for the usage in body)
• at 3.5" create a left tab stop (for the common food sources)
e) Format the “Common Food Sources” column of data, except for the title, as italic.
f) At the top of the document, create a title with the text Learn About Vitamins. Format
the title as bold, center aligned, with 24 points of space after.
g) Bold the column titles.
h) Subscript the “1” in “B1” and subscript the “12” in “B12.”
i) Check the document on screen and correct any errors and misspellings.
j)
Save the modified Vitamins and print a copy.
Project 5
———————————————————————
To help a student study at Study Time Tutoring, you are preparing a list of United States presidents.
Open U.S. PRESIDENTS, which is Word data file for this text, and complete the following steps
a) Format the entire document with left tab stops at 0.75" and 4" and a right tab stop at
3.5". The text should be arranged in columns similar to:
b) Save the modified U.S. PRESIDENTS.
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c) Bold the column titles.
d) Double space all the paragraphs.
e) Save the modified U.S. PRESIDENTS and print a copy.
Project 6
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At Travel... With a Purpose, you are preparing for a tour to the Hawaiian islands and want to provide
the participants with information about volcano eruptions:
a) In a new document, type the title The Hawaiian Islands and press Enter.
b) Type the following text, separating the columns with single tabs (do not precede the
first column with a tab). Your text will not be arranged as shown here until tab stops
have been set:
Island
Hawaii
Maui
Oahu
Kauai
Molokai
Lanai
Niihau
Kahoolawe
Area (km2)
6,501
1,174
979
890
420
225
118
72
Tallest Peak
Mauna Kea
Haleakala
Kaala
Kawaikini
Kamakou
Lanaihale
Paniau
Lua Makika
Peak Height (m)
4,139
3,007
1,208
1,573
1,491
1,011
384
443
c) Save the document naming it Hawaiian Islands.
d) Format all the paragraphs to have no space before or after.
e) Format all the paragraphs with the following tab stops:
• at 1.5" create a right tab stop (for the area)
• at 2.5" create a center tab stop (for the tallest peak)
• at 4.25" create a right tab stop (for the peak height)
f) In the paragraph with the column titles, change the right tab stop at 1.5" to a center tab
stop at 1.25" and change the right tab stop at 4.25" to a center tab stop at 4".
g) Bold the column titles.
h) Format the entire “Tallest Peak” column of data, not the title, as italic.
i) Format all the text as 11 point Candara.
j)
Format the title text as Gabriola font, 28 point, bold, center aligned, with 24 points of
space after. Apply a Stylistic Set option and a Glow effect.
j)
Superscript the “2” in the column title “Area (km2).”
k) Check the document on screen and correct any errors and misspellings.
l) Save the modified Hawaiian Islands and print a copy.
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Project 7
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At Study Time Tutoring, you are creating a review sheet for science:
a) In a new document, type the following text, separating the columns with single tabs
(do not precede the first column with a tab). Your text will not be arranged as shown
here until tab stops have been set:
Measurement
Area
Heat
Power
Force
Pressure
Velocity
Units
Symbol
square meter
m2
joule
J
watt
W
newton
N
pascal
Pa
meter per second m/s
Formula
m2
Nxm
J/s
kg x m/s2
N/m2
m/s
b) Save the document naming it Science Review.
c) Format all the paragraphs to have no space before or after.
d) Format all the paragraphs with the following tab stops:
• at 1.5" create a left tab stop (for the units)
• at 3.5" create a center tab stop (for the symbol)
• at 5" create a right tab stop (for the formula)
e) Superscript all four occurrences of “2.”
f) Format the Formula data as Cambria font.
g) At the end of the document, insert three blank paragraphs. Type the following text,
separating the columns with single tabs (do not precede the first column with a tab).
Your text will not be arranged as shown here until tab stops have been set:
Formula
C2H2
H2O
K2SO4
NH3
CH4
C6H6
Name
acetylene
water
potassium sulfate
ammonia
methane
benzene
h) Format the new paragraphs to have no space before or after.
i) Format the new paragraphs to have only one tab stop, a left tab stop at 1".
j)
In the new paragraphs, subscript all occurrences of numbers.
k) Format the Formula data as Cambria font.
l) At the top of the document, create a title with the text Science Review Sheet. Format
the title as bold, center aligned, with 24 points of space after.
m) Bold all of the column titles in the document.
n) Save the modified Science Review and print a copy.
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Project 8
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The Entertainment Review project created in Chapter 2, Project 4 needs additional formatting before
the article can be submitted. Open Entertainment Review and complete the following steps:
a) Format the body of the review as double spaced.
b) Create a header using the Facet (Event Page) style with the text CRITIC'S CHOICE.
c) Create a footer using the Facet (Event Page) style with your name and the current date.
d) Save the modified Entertainment Review and print a copy.
Project 9
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The Coral Research proposal modified in Chapter 2, Project 5 needs to be formatted. Open PROPOSAL
and complete the following steps:
a) Change the top and bottom margins to 1.25" and the left and right margins to 1.5".
b) Insert a page break before the heading “Computerized Guide.”
c) Format the paragraphs below the “BUDGET” heading with the following tab stops:
• at 0.75" create a left tab stop
• at 4.5" create a decimal tab stop
d) Format the three numbered paragraphs of stages on page 2 as a numbered list.
e) Insert a page break before the heading “Notes” at the bottom of page 2.
f) Create a header using the Motion (Odd Page) style with the page number and a footer
using the Blank style with your name.
g) Save the modified PROPOSAL and print a copy.
Project 10
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Align Computers wants to distribute an employee bulletin about electronic communication etiquette.
For example:
Telephone Calls
Always state your name and the purpose of the call.
Cellular Phone
Refrain from talking on the phone while driving.
Speakerphone
Be sure there is no background noise.
Voicemail
Speak slowly and clearly.
Email
Use meaningful subject lines.
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a) In a new document, type the title Electronic Communication Etiquette, press Enter,
and then type the devices and rules listed in this Exercise.
b) Center align the title and format it as 20 point, bold, Consolas, with 24 points of space
after. Bold the device names.
c) Generate three additional etiquette rules that apply to each device. Add the additional
etiquette rules in separate paragraphs below the appropriate device name.
d) Format the etiquette rules under each title as a bulleted list.
e) Create a header with your name and add a footer with the date.
f) Save the document naming it Etiquette and print a copy.
Project 11
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In Chapter 2, Exercise 13 you decided to open a business. You will now use Word to create a logo for
your new business venture. Experiment with options in INSERT j Shape when creating the logo. Create
at least two designs to choose from. For example, Word was used to create the logo below:
a) Select a shape and then use the Layout Options icon and options on the Drawing Tools
Format tab to modify the logos.
b) Save the document naming it Logo Proposals and print a copy.
Project 12
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A résumé summarizes accomplishments, education, and work experience. A traditional résumé is a
printed document that is typically one page in length and lists a person’s educational background, previous job experiences, skills obtained through education and work experience, and accomplishments,
such as memberships, awards, and activities.
Create a résumé for yourself. You may want to use a template to help you create the résumé. Your
résumé should contain the following:
• Four sections of information with the following titles: Education, Experience, Skills,
and Accomplishments. The information in each section should be indented paragraphs.
• At least one bulleted or numbered list.
• A header with your name, address, and phone number.
• A footer with the text References available upon request.
Format the résumé appropriately, using emphasized text, two different fonts, two or three different
sizes, and tabs and tab stops. Check the document on screen for errors and misspellings and make any
corrections. Save the document naming it Basic Resume and print a copy.
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Project 13
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Multiple labels that contain the same text can easily be created in Word. This feature is useful for
creating return address labels for use on envelopes. When printing a labels document, special adhesive
paper with multiple labels on each page is used in the printer. The Avery® brand of adhesive labels is
widely used, and the dimensions of many of its labels have been included in Word.
a) Create a new document and then click MAILINGS j Labels. A dialog box is displayed.
b) In the Labels tab of the dialog box, select Options. A dialog box is displayed.
1. Select Page printers.
2. In the Label vendors list, select Avery US Letter.
3. In the Product number list, select 5267 and then select OK.
c) In the Address box, type your first and last name and then press Enter. The insertion
point is moved to the next line.
d) Type your street address, press Enter, then type your city, state, and zip (or province
and postal code).
e) Select Full page of the same label and then select the New Document button. The dialog
box is removed and a new document with labels is displayed.
f) Save the document naming it Return Address Labels and print a copy.
Project 14
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A blog is a short term for a weblog, which is a piece of writing similar to a journal entry. The blog is
then posted to a website that uses blogging software. Blog and blogging are also used to indicate writing and posting the blogs. A blog account is required to post a blog, and can be found at websites such
as www.blogger.com.
Writing a blog is an easy way of expressing personal thoughts, as well as personal opinions, complaints,
and experiences. News can be conveyed in a blog. Some blogs are meant to be seen by anyone with Internet
access, and other blogs are set up for only a private circle of account holders to view. Companies and
academic groups use blogs to expand discussions, manage teams, and keep information flowing.
Word documents can be published as blog posts, and blog posts can be created from scratch in Word.
To post an open Word document, select
j Share j Publish as Blog Post. A blog post document is
j New jBlog post.
created from the open document. To create a new, empty blog post, select
A blog post consists of a title and entry below it:
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Titles of blogs are not necessarily descriptive, although the title usually indicates what kind of information is in the blog. A title that is a popular phrase or a creatively written statement usually indicate that
the blog is a personal thought. A title that is more business-like indicates serious content.
a) Create a new document using the Blog post template. If the Register a Blog Account
dialog box is displayed, select Register Later.
b) Click the text Enter Post Title Here and type: I’m on Project 14
c) Place the insertion point in the blank paragraph below the title and line. Type at least
two paragraphs of your thoughts and experiences with this chapter, text, or Project.
j Save, naming it Blog. You can also publish it as
d) Save the document by selecting
a blog post using the Publish button in the Blog Post tab.
e) Select
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j Print to print a copy.
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