User`s Guide - Transition Networks

C4120-1048
Install Guide
10GBASE-T to 10G Fiber Media Converter
Transparent Link Pass Through
Auto-Negotiation & AutoCross
Automatic Link Restoration
Loopback on Fiber and Copper
DMI (Diagnostic Monitoring Interface)
For use in ION Chassis
Manageable when installed in a managed ION Chassis
Remote Firmware Upgrade
Supports100m on Cat 6a or higher cable
Contents
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 2
Models ........................................................................................................................................................... 2
Ethernet PHY Interfaces ........................................................................................................................... 3
Document Overview ................................................................................................................................. 3
Related Manuals and Online Help ................................................................................................................ 3
Application Examples .................................................................................................................................... 4
Pre-Installation .............................................................................................................................................. 5
DIP Switch ................................................................................................................................................ 5
Hardware/Software Mode Jumper (J8) ..................................................................................................... 6
Installation and Setup.................................................................................................................................... 7
General ..................................................................................................................................................... 7
Install the C4120 in the ION Chassis ........................................................................................................ 7
Installing SFP+ Devices ............................................................................................................................ 8
Cabling ...................................................................................................................................................... 9
Install Fiber and Copper Cable ............................................................................................................... 10
Focal Point™ Installation ........................................................................................................................ 10
IONMM Installation ................................................................................................................................. 10
Accessing the C4120 .............................................................................................................................. 11
Operation..................................................................................................................................................... 20
Status LEDs ............................................................................................................................................ 20
Product Features .................................................................................................................................... 21
Cable Specifications ............................................................................................................................... 23
Copper Cable .......................................................................................................................................... 23
Cable Types ............................................................................................................................................ 24
Technical Specifications .............................................................................................................................. 28
ION C4120-1048 Loading Note .............................................................................................................. 29
Defaults ................................................................................................................................................... 29
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................................................... 30
Contact Us................................................................................................................................................... 31
Compliance Information .............................................................................................................................. 31
Declaration of Conformity ....................................................................................................................... 31
FCC Regulations .................................................................................................................................... 31
Canadian Regulations ............................................................................................................................ 31
European Regulations ............................................................................................................................ 32
Record of Revisions .................................................................................................................................... 32
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 1 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Introduction
Transition Networks’ two-port C4120 series 10 Gigabit Ethernet ION slide-in card (SIC) is designed to
install in an ION chassis. The C4120 slide-in-card (SIC) connects 10GBase-T twisted-pair copper cable to
10GE fiber devices. The C4120 has one copper port and one fiber optic port.
Models
The C4120-1048 is a 10 Gigabit Ethernet copper to fiber media converter. It offers conversion technology
by providing one 10GBase-T RJ-45 port and one pluggable 10GBase-X fiber SFP+ port. The open SFP+
port supports a wide variety of Transition Networks 10GE SFP+ fiber modules, as well as third party MSA
compatible SFP+ modules.
The C4120 provides several 10G Ethernet enterprise and data center connectivity solutions. Since most
10G Ethernet switches support a combination of copper RJ-45 and open SFP+ ports, the C4120 allows
users to convert either of these ports to the media type of their preference to match their network
requirements.
The C4120 slide-in-card is a managed device when installed in a Managed ION Chassis. The stand-alone
version (S4120) is an unmanaged device, until it is linked to C4120 installed in a managed ION chassis,
and then remote in-band management of the S4120 is available.
The C4120 fiber interfaces are modular; the fiber length and type are defined by the SFP+ module
inserted. The C4120 supports a variety of SFP+ MSA modules. Make sure that the inserted SFP+ module
is compatible with current C4120 operation mode (Fixed 10Gbps mode).
The 10G fiber port supports 10Gbps and full duplex mode.
The 10G Base-T copper port supports Auto cross, Auto-negotiation, and full duplex mode. You can
enable/disable the fiber port and the copper port.
Model #
Port 1 - Copper
10GBase-T
Port 2 - Duplex
Fiber-Optic
Form Factor
C4120-1048
RJ-45
100 m (328 ft)
10GE SFP+
ION Chassis Card
S4120-1048
RJ-45
100 m (328 ft)
10GE SFP+
Stand-alone device
The S4120 is used as remote device and can be managed by remote management protocol.The S4120
supports remote, in-band, management when linked to a managed chassis card, and support both a
hardware mode and a software mode of management.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 2 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Ethernet PHY Interfaces
The Ethernet PHY interfaces supported include 10GBase-LRM, 10GBase-SR, 10GBase-LR, 10GBaseER, 10GBase-ZR, and 10GBase-T.
Document Overview
The purpose of this manual is to provide the information needed to install the C4120 to the point of
operation. Note that there is a separate install guide for the S4120.
Related Manuals and Online Help
A printed documentation card is shipped with each x4120 device. Context-sensitive Help screens, as well
as cursor-over-help (COH) facilities are built into the Web interface. A substantial set of technical
documents, white papers, case studies, etc. are available on the Transition Networks web site at
www.transition.com. Note that this manual provides links to third party web sites for which Transition
Networks is not responsible. Other ION system and related device manuals are listed below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Product Documentation Postcard, 33504
ION C4120 Install Guide, 33549 (this manual)
ION S4120 Install Guide , 33550
ION C4120 Web User Guide, 33551
ION C4120 CLI Reference, 33552
™
Focal Point 3.0 Management Application User Guide, 33293
ION Management Module (IONMM) Install Guide, 33420 and User Guide, 33457
ION System NID User Guides (33432, 33457, 33472, 33493, 33494, 33495, 33496)
Release Notes (firmware version specific)
Note: Information in this document is subject to change without notice. All information was deemed
accurate and complete at the time of publication. This manual documents the latest software/firmware
version. While all screen examples may not display the latest version number, all of the descriptions and
procedures reflect the latest software/firmware version, noted in the Record of Revisions on page 32.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 3 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Application Examples
Figure 1: 10Gig Switch to Switch
Figure 2: 10Gig Switch to Server
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 4 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Pre-Installation
CAUTION: Wear a grounding device and observe electrostatic discharge precautions when handling the
SIC media converter. Failure to observe this caution could result in damage or failure of the SIC.
DIP Switch
The C4120 has a field-configurable DIP Switch and Jumpers.
Figure 1. DIP Switch SW1 and Jumper J8
DIP Switch SW1 (TLPT / Loopbacks)
The 4-position DIP switch labeled SW1 is on the bottom edge of the C4120 media converter PCB. Use a
small, flat-blade screwdriver (or a similar tool) to set the switches according to the site requirements (see
figure below).
SW 1 and 2 (Loopback):
No Loopback
Copper Loopback
Fiber Loopback
No Loopback
SW1
Up
Down
Up
Down
SW2
Up
Up
Down
Down
SW 3:
Reserved (not used)
SW 4 (TLPT):
Up = TLPT Enabled
Down = TLPT Disabled
The factory default setting is SW1 – SW4 in the Up position (all Up).
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 5 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Hardware/Software Mode Jumper (J8)
The hardware/software 3-pin header, J8 is located on the circuit board (labeled H
and S in the figure to the right.)
Note: Use small needle-nose pliers to set the jumper.
H -Hardware
In this position, the mode of the C4120 is determined by the
4-position switch (hardware) settings.
S -Software
In this position, the mode of the C4120 is determined by the
most-recently saved, onboard microprocessor (software)
settings.
Use the CLI command “show card info” to show the current Config mode
setting (hardware or software).
From the web GUI, navigate to the ION Stack > Chassis > C4120 menu path and check the MAIN tab’s
System Configuration section > Configuration Mode field setting (hardware or software).
See the related manual for more information.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 6 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Installation and Setup
General
This section describes how to install the C4120 and the procedures to access and initially set it up via
either a local serial interface (USB) or a remote Ethernet connection (Telnet session or Web interface).
Install the C4120 in the ION Chassis
The C4120 is a slide-in module that can only be installed in a Transition Networks ION chassis (ION001-x
and ION219-x). For a complete list of ION platform products, go to the Transition Networks website at:
www.transition.com.
The following describes how to install the C4120 in the ION chassis.
Caution: Failure to wear a grounding device and observe electrostatic discharge precautions
when installing the C4120 could result in damage or failure of the module.
Figure 2: Chassis Installation
IMPORTANT
The C4120 slide-in cards are “hot swappable” devices, and can be installed with chassis power on.
1. Locate an empty slot in the ION System chassis. If necessary, remove a chassis slot cover from the
ION Chassis (keep the slot cover and screw).
2. Grasp the edges of the C4120 by its front panel, align the card with the upper and lower slot guides,
and carefully insert the C4120 into the slot.
3. Firmly seat the C4120 against the chassis back panel.
4. Push in and rotate clockwise the panel fastener screw to secure the C4120 to the chassis (Figure 2).
5. Note that the card’s Power LED lights. See Accessing the C4120 on page 11.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 7 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Port Locations
The C4120 model has two ports. The drawing below shows the locations of Port 1 (10GE SFP+ for fiber)
and Port 2 (10GBase-T for copper).
Installing SFP+ Devices
The C4120 lets you install a SFP+ device of your choice in order to make a fiber connection. The C4120-1048 has a
single SFP+ port.
Figure 3: SFP+ Installation
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 8 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
SFP/XFP Optical Transceivers
Transition Networks SFPs and XFPs are small form factor, hot-pluggable transceivers which allow for a
single piece of network equipment to be connected to a multitude of interfaces, protocols, and
transmission media via the SFP/XFP port.
All of Transition’s SFPs and XFPs are compliant with the Multi-Sourcing Agreement (MSA) ensuring
interoperability with all other MSA compliant networking devices.
To install an SFP+ device in the C4120:
1. Position the SFP+ device at either installation slot, with the label facing up.
2. Carefully slide the SFP+ device into the slot, aligning it with the internal installation guides.
3. Ensure that the SFP+ device is firmly seated against the internal mating connector.
4. Connect the fiber cable to the fiber port connector of the SFP+ device.
See the TN SFP/XFP Optical Transceivers web page for the latest information.
Cabling
The C4120 can be used to convert a 10GE fiber port to 10GE copper port, or vice versa. The C4120 can
be used in telecom and enterprise applications where 10 GB Ethernet switches are already in place. Most
10Gb switches have a combination of copper and fiber ports, typically with more fiber ports than copper
ports. When all the fiber ports are consumed, the C4120 can be used to convert one copper port to fiber.
The C4120 can also convert 10 GB fiber ports to copper.
The figure above shows cabling a C4120 to an S4120. The procedures for fiber cable and copper cable
installation are provided below.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 9 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Install Fiber and Copper Cable
Port 2: 10GE SFP+ Fiber Port
1. Locate a fiber cable with male, two-stranded TX to RX connectors installed at both ends. See “Cable
Specifications” on page 23 for details.
2. Connect the fiber cable to the 10GE SFP+ fiber port (Port 2 labeled 10GE SFP+) on the C4120 as
described:
Connect the male TX cable connector to the female TX connector.
Connect the male RX cable connector to the female RX connector.
3. Connect the fiber cables to the 10GE fiber port on the other device (another media converter, hub,
S4120, etc.) as described:
Connect the male TX cable connector to the female RX connector.
Connect the male RX cable connector to the female TX connector.
Port 1: 10GBase-T Copper Port
1. Locate a cable with the applicable connectors installed at both ends.
See “Cable Specifications” on page 23 for details.
2. Connect the connector at one end of the cable to the C4120 Port 1
(labeled 10GBASE-T).
3. Connect the connector at the other end of the cable to the copper port on
the other device (switch, workstation, etc.).
Focal Point™ Installation
For Focal Point™ 3.0 Management Application installation information, see the Focal Point User Guide,
33293.
IONMM Installation
For IONMM Management Module installation information, see the IONMM Install Guide, 33420.
For IONMM operation see the ION Management Module (IONMM) User Guide, 33457.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 10 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Accessing the C4120
The C4120 can be accessed through either a local serial interface via a USB connection or through an
Ethernet network connection on the IONMM installed in the ION chassis along with the C4120.
The network connection can be done via a Telnet session or a Web graphical user interface (GUI).
Access via Local Serial Interface (USB)
The IONMM can be connected to a local management station (PC) through a serial interface using a USB
connection. The IONMM and the C4120 can be controlled by entering command line interface (CLI)
commands at the local management station. To use the serial interface (USB) the following is required:
•
•
•
•
•
Personal computer (PC)
USB cable (type A male connector on one end and type B male connector on the other)
Terminal emulator program (e.g., HyperTerminal) on the PC
USB driver installed on the PC
Configured COM port
IMPORTANT
In order to control the chassis slide-in module through a USB serial interface, the command line prompt
must be showing the location of the module to be managed.
Operating Systems Supported
The following USB drivers are provided with the ION system on a CD, and are also available at
http://www.transition.com/TransitionNetworks/TechSupport/Downloads/Software.aspx:
Windows® 7
Windows 7 x64
Windows 2000
Windows 2003 32 bit
Windows Vista x64
Windows XP 64 bit
Windows XP® 32 bit
Virtual COM port (VCP) drivers make the USB device appear as an additional COM port available to the
PC. Application software can access the USB device in the same way as it would access a standard COM
port.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 11 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Installing the USB Driver (Windows XP)
IMPORTANT
The following driver installation instructions are for the Windows XP operating system only. Installing the
USB driver using another operating system is similar, but not necessarily identical to the following
procedure.
To install the USB driver on a computer running Windows XP, do the following.
1. Extract the driver (from the provided CD or from the website) and place it in an accessible folder on
the local drive of the PC.
2. Connect the C4120 to the USB port on the PC.
Note: for slide-in modules installed in an ION Chassis, the USB connection will be made to the ION
Management Module (IONMM) if one is installed in the ION chassis.
The Welcome to the Found New Hardware Wizard window displays.
3. Select No, not this time.
4. Click Next.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 12 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
The installation options window displays.
5. Select Install from a list or specific location (Advanced).
6. Click Next.
The driver search installation options window displays.
7. Click Browse.
8. Locate and select the USB driver downloaded in step 1 above.
9. Click Next. Driver installation begins.
10. When the finished installing screen displays, click Finish. The USB driver installation is complete.
You must now configure access the C4120via an Ethernet network.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 13 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Access via an Ethernet Network
The C4120can be managed remotely through the Ethernet network via either a Telnet session or the Web
interface. Before this is possible, you must set up the IP configuration for the C4120.
IMPORTANT
It is recommended that you initially set up the IP configuration through the serial interface (USB
connection). See “Accessing the C4120” on page 11.
Otherwise, in order to communicate with the C4120across the network for the first time, you must change
the network settings (IP address, subnet mask and default gateway address) of your PC to coincide with
the defaults of the C4120 (see “Defaults” on page 30). Make note of the original settings for the PC as
you will need to reset them after setting the IP configuration for the C4120.
Starting a Telnet Session
The C4120 can be controlled from a remote management station via a Telnet session over an Ethernet
connection. The C4120 is controlled and configured through CLI commands. Use the following
procedure to connect to and access the C4120 via a Telnet session.
1. Click Start.
2. Select All Programs > Accessories.
3. Click Command Prompt. The command prompt window displays.
4. At the command line type: telnet <xx> where:
xx = IP address of the C4120 (e.g., 192.168.1.10)
5. Press Enter. The login prompt displays.
Note: If your systems uses a security protocol (e.g., RADIUS, SSH, etc.), enter the login and password
required by that protocol.
6. Type your login (the default is ION). Note: the login is case sensitive.
7. Press Enter. The password prompt displays.
8. Type your password (the default is private). Note: the password is case sensitive.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 14 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
9. Press Enter. The command line prompt displays.
10. Enter a go command to change the location for the command prompt. The go command format is:
go [c=<0-16>] [s=<0-32>] [l1ap=<1-15>] [l2ap=<1-15>] (l1p=<1-5>|l2p=<1-15>|l3p=<1-15>|l1d|l2d|l3d)
11. Enter commands to set up the various configurations for the C4120. For web GUI configuration, see
the x4120 Web User Guide. For a description of the available CLI commands see the x4120 CLI
Reference manual.
Note: If required by your organization’s security policies and procedures, use the CLI command set
community write=<xx> to change the default password. See the x4120 CLI Reference manual.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 15 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Terminating a Telnet Session
To terminate the Telnet session:
1. Type q(uit).
2. Press the Enter key.
Web Browsers Supported
The ION system supports the following web browsers.
Firefox (Mozilla Firefox)
Internet Explorer
Google Chrome
Starting the Web Interface
The C4120 can be controlled and configured from a remote management station via a Web graphical user
interface (GUI) over an Ethernet connection. Information is entered into fields on the various screens of
the interface. Note: fields that have a grey background can not be modified.
A Web session can be used to connect to and set up the C4120.
IMPORTANT
• Do not use the back button to navigate the screens. This will cause the connection to drop.
• Do not use the back space key in grayed out fields. This will cause the connection to drop.
• For DHCP operations, a DHCP server must be on the network and available.
To sign in to the C4120via the Web:
1. Open a web browser.
2. In the address (URL) block, type the IP address of the IONMM (the default address is 192.168.1.10).
3. Click Go or press Enter.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 16 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
The ION System sign in screen displays.
Note: If your systems uses a security protocol (e.g., RADIUS, SSH, etc.), you must enter the login and
password required by that protocol.
1. Type the System name (the default is ION). Note: the System name is case sensitive - all upper case.
2. Type the password (the default is private). Note: the password is case sensitive - all lower case.
3. Click Sign in or press Enter. The opening screen displays.
4. Click the plus sign [+] next to ION Stack. This unfolds "ION Stack" node in the left tree view and
will refresh device status.
5. Click the plus sign [+] next to Chassis to unfold the chassis devices.
6. Select the appropriate C4120-1048 device. The MAIN screen displays for the selected C4120.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 17 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
7. You can use the various fileds to configure the device and ports. For configuration information, see
“Section 4: Configuration”.
Note: If required, use the set community CLI command to change the default password according to
your organization’s security policies and procedures.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 18 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Terminating the Web Interface
To sign out from the Web interface, in the upper left corner of the ION System Web Interface:
1. Click the System dropdown.
2. Click Sign out.
The ION sig- in screen displays.
Note: The C4120 does not automatically log out upon exit or after a timeout period, which could leave it
vulnerable if left unattended. Follow your organizational policy on when to sign out from the ION System
via the Web Interface
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 19 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Operation
Status LEDs
Use the status LEDs to monitor C4120 operation in the network.
Fiber Status and Power LEDs
The status LED for the 10GE SFP+ fiber connection (labeled SFP+ L/A) and the device power LED
(labeled PWR) are located above Port 2 (10GE SFP+). When the fiber link is down, and SFP+ module is
in the SFP+ slot, the fiber LED is totally off.
LED Label
Meaning
PWR
SFP+ L/A
Operation
Power
ON = Connection to chassis power.
Link Activity
ON = A link has been established for the fiber
connection (link OK).
Off = Link fail.
Flashing = The fiber connection is transmitting
(Link OK and Activity OK).
Copper Status LEDs
The Status LEDs for the copper port (Port 1 / 10GBase-T) are shown and described below.
LED / Location
Meaning
Operation
Copper Link /
top left
Copper port link status
On = Copper link OK.
Off = Copper link failure.
Copper Act /
top right
Copper port activity status
Off =No copper activity
Flash = Copper activity
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 20 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Product Features
Auto-Negotiation
The Auto-Negotiation feature allows the C4120 to configure itself to achieve the best possible mode of
operation over a link, automatically. The C4120 broadcasts its speed and duplex capabilities to the other
devices and negotiates the best mode of operation.
Auto-Negotiation allows quick and easy installation because the optimal link is established automatically.
No user intervention is required to determine the best mode of operation.
Transparent Link Pass-Through
Transparent Link Pass Through will notify an end device of a link failure just like Link Pass Through
(LPT), however it uses a different method for “passing through” this information. Transparent Link Pass
Through sends a link loss signal over the fiber, instructing the remote converter to shut down the copper
port thus notifying the end device, while maintaining the fiber link between the two converters
TLPT functions as follows:
End device is automatically notified with link loss;
Fiber link remains up as it carries a link loss signal.
The TLPT function is configurable through customer interface (Web UI, FP and CLI) in software mode.
In hardware mode, it is configured via DIP switch. The configuration option is enable/disable.
AutoCross
The AutoCross feature allows either straight-through (MDI) or crossover (MDI-X) cables to be used when
connecting to devices such as hubs, transceivers, or network interface cards (NICs). AutoCross
determines the characteristics of the cable connection and automatically configures the unit to link up,
regardless of the cable configuration.
Automatic Link Restoration
The converter will restore automatically the link between networked devices after a fault condition has
been corrected.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 21 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Digital Monitoring Interface (DMI)
The Diagnostic Monitoring Interface (DMI) feature allows diagnosing problems within the network. The
DMI function displays C4120 diagnostic / maintenance information such as 10Gbps fiber interface
characteristics, diagnostic monitoring parameters, and supported fiber media lengths. All DMI events will
trigger notification. Intrusion detection, based on Rx Power level, is available for triggering any drop in the
Rx power.
Within each function, the DMI device will send a trap whenever a high or low warning event or high or low
alarm event occurs (for a total of 16 traps). If both the local and remote NIDs are DMI models, the DMI
device will indicate whether the trap event is from a local or remote device.
C4120 Diagnostic Monitoring Interface information includes:
DMI connector type: e.g., LC
DMI indentifier: e.g., SFP
DMI Nominal bit rate: e.g., 10500*Mbps
DMI 9/125u Singlemode Fiber (m): N/A
DMI 50/125u Multimode Fiber (m): 80*m
DMI 62.5/125u Multimode Fiber (m): 3*10m
Copper(m): N/A
DMI fiber interface wavelength: 850*nm
DMI temperature: 42.0*C
DMI temperature: 107.6*F
DMI temperature alarm: normal
DMI transmit bias current: 6240*uA
DMI transmit bais alarm: normal
DMI Transmit power: 589*uW
DMI Transmit power: -2.299*dBM
DMI Transmit power alarm: normal
DMI Receive power: 573*uW
DMI Receive power: -2.418*dBM
DMI Receive power alarm: normal
DMI Receive power intrusion threshold: 0*uW
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 22 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Cable Specifications
™
The physical characteristics must meet or exceed IEEE 802.3 specifications.
Fiber port: SFP+, both Class-I and Class-II, 10.3125Gbps.
Copper port: RJ-45, 10Gbps.
Copper Cable
Category 6a (minimum requirement)
Maximum Cable Distance:
100 meters
Straight-through or crossover twisted-pair cable may be used.
Shielded (STP) or unshielded (UTP) twisted-pair cable may be used.
All pin pairs (1&2, 3&6, 4&5, 7&8) are active pins in a 10GB Ethernet network.
Use only dedicated wire pairs for the active pins (e.g., blue/white & white/blue, orange/white &
white/orange, etc.)
Do not use flat or silver satin wire.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 23 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Cable Types
The cabling specifications are provided for troubleshooting purposes.
Copper (TP / UTP) CAT 1 – CAT 7 Cabling
ANSI/EIA Standard 568 is one of several standards that specify "categories" (each a "CAT") of twisted
pair cabling systems. Assigned by the American National Standards Institute/Electronic Industries
Association, these standards categories include CAT 1 – CAT 7, as shown below.
Table 7: Copper Cable Descriptions
Category
Max Data Rate
Typical Application
CAT 5
100 MHz
100 Mbps TPDDI. 155 Mbps ATM. No longer supported;
replaced by 5E. 10/100BASE-T.
CAT 5E
100 MHz
100 Mbps TPDDI, 155 Mbps ATM, Gigabit Ethernet. Offers
better near-end crosstalk than CAT 5.
CAT 6
Up to 250 MHz
Minimum cabling required for data centers in TIA-942.
CAT 6 is quickly replacing CAT 5e.
CAT 6a
Up to 500 MHz
Field-tested to 500 MHz. Supports 10 Gigabit Ethernet
(10GBASE-T). May be either shielded (STP, ScTP, S/FTP) or
unshielded (UTP). Standard published in Feb. 2008. The
minimum requirement for Data Centers in the ISO Data
Center standard.
CAT 7 (ISO Class F)
600 MHz, 1.2 GHz in
pairs with Siemon
connector
Full-motion video, Teleradiology, Government and
manufacturing environments. Fully Shielded (S/FTP) system
using non-RJ45 connectors but backwards compatible with
hybrid cords. Standard published in 2002. Until Feb. 2008,
the only standard to support 10GBASE-T for a full 100m.
CAT 7A/Class FA and Category 6A/Class EA specifications were published in February, 2008.
Common forms of 10GbE copper cables include:
10GBASE-CR: currently the most common type of copper 10GbE cable is the 10GBase-CR cable that
uses an attached SFP+ connector, also known as a Direct Attach Copper (DAC). This fits into the same
form factor connector and housing as the fiber-optic cables with SFP+ connectors. Many 10GbE switches
accept cables with SFP+ connectors, which support both copper and fiber-optic cables. These cables are
available in 1m, 3m, 5m, 7m, 8.5m and longer distances. The most commonly deployed distances are 3m
and 5m.
Passive and Active DAC: Passive copper connections are common with many interfaces. The industry is
finding that as the transfer rates increase, passive copper does not provide the distance needed and
takes up too much physical space. The industry is moving towards an active copper type of interface for
higher speed connections.Active copper connections include components that boost the signal, reduce
the noise and work with smaller gauge cables, improving signal distance, cable flexibility and airflow.
10GBASE-T: These cables and connectors are similar to, but not the same as the cables used for
1000BASE-T.10GBASE-T cables are Cat6a (Category 6 augmented), also known as Class EA cables.
These support the higher frequencies required for 10Gb transmission up to 100 meters (330 feet). Cables
must be certified to at least 500MHz to ensure 10GBASE-T compliance. Cat7 (Category 7, Class F) cable
is also certified for 10GBASE-T compliance, and is typically deployed in Europe. Cat6 cables may work in
10GBASE-T deployments up to 55m, but should be tested first. Some newer 10GbE switches support
10GBASE-T (RJ45) connectors.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 24 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Cat 6 (Category 6) Copper Cable
Category 6 cable, commonly referred to as Cat 6, is a standardized cable for Gigabit Ethernet and other
network physical layers that is backward compatible with the Category 5/5e and Category 3 cable
standards. Compared to Cat 5 and Cat 5e, Cat 6 provides more stringent specifications for crosstalk and
system noise. The Cat 6 cable standard provides performance of up to 250 MHz and is suitable for
10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX (Fast Ethernet), 1000BASE-T/1000BASE-TX (Gigabit Ethernet) and 10GBASET (10-Gigabit Ethernet).
Category 6 cable has a reduced maximum length when used for 10GBASE-T.
Like most of the earlier twisted-pair cables, Category 6 cable contains four twisted wire pairs. Attenuation,
near end crosstalk (NEXT), and PSNEXT (power sum NEXT) in Cat 6 cable and connectors are all much
lower than Cat 5 or Cat 5e, which uses 24 AWG wire. The increase in performance with Cat 6 comes
mainly from increased (22 AWG) wire size. Because the conductor sizes are generally the same, Cat 6
jacks may also be used with Cat 5e cable.
Category 6 cable can be identified by the printing on the side of the cable sheath. Cat 6 patch cables are
normally terminated in 8P8C modular connectors. If Cat 6 rated patch cables, jacks, and connectors are
not used with Cat 6 wiring, overall performance is degraded to that of the cable or connector.
Connectors use either T568A or T568B pin assignments; although performance is comparable provided
both ends of a cable are the same, T568B is a deprecated standard in the US and no longer supported by
TIA.
Category 6a Copper Cable (Augmented Category 6)
Category 6a cable, or Augmented Category 6, is characterized to 500 MHz and has improved alien
crosstalk characteristics, allowing 10GBASE-T to be run for the same distance as previous protocols.
The latest standard from the TIA for enhanced performance standards for twisted pair cable systems was
defined in February 2008 in ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.2-10. Category 6a is defined at frequencies up to 500
MHz—twice that of Cat. 6.
Category 6a performs at improved specifications, in particular in the area of alien crosstalk, as compared
to Cat 6 UTP (unshielded twisted pair), which exhibited high alien noise in high frequencies.
The global cabling standard ISO/IEC 11801 has been extended by the addition of amendment 2, which
defines new specifications for Cat 6A components and Class EA permanent links. These new global Cat
6A/Class EA specifications require a new generation of connecting hardware, which offer superior
performance compared to existing products based on the American TIA standard.
Note the performance difference between ISO/IEC and EIA/TIA component specifications for the NEXT
transmission parameter. At a frequency of 500 MHz, an ISO/IEC Cat 6A connector performs 3 dB better
than a Cat 6A connector that conforms to the EIA/TIA specification. The 3 dB represents a 100% increase
of near-end crosstalk noise reduction when measured in absolute magnitudes.
Maximum Length
When used for 10/100/1000BASE-T, the maximum allowed length of a Cat 6 cable is 100 meters or 328
feet. This consists of 90 meters (300 ft) of solid "horizontal" cabling between the patch panel and the wall
jack, plus 10 meters (33 ft) of stranded patch cable between each jack and the attached device. Since
stranded cable has higher attenuation than solid cable, exceeding 10 meters of patch cabling will reduce
the permissible length of horizontal cable.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 25 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
When used for 10GBASE-T, Cat 6 cable's maximum length is 55 meters (180 ft) in a favorable alien
crosstalk environment, but only 37 meters (121 ft) in a hostile alien crosstalk environment, such as when
many cables are bundled together. However, because the effects of alien crosstalk environments on
cables are difficult to determine prior to installation, it is highly recommended that all Cat 6 cables being
used for 10GBASE-T are electrically tested once installed. With its improved specifications, Cat6 A does
not have this limitation and can run 10GBASE-T at 100 meters (330 ft) without electronic testing.
Installation Notes
Category 6 and 6a cable must be properly installed and terminated to meet specifications. The cable
must not be kinked or bent too tightly (the bend radius should be at least four times the outer diameter of
the cable). The wire pairs must not be untwisted and the outer jacket must not be stripped back more
than 1/2 inch (1.27 cm).
All shielded cables must be grounded for safety and effectiveness and a continuous shield connection
maintained from end to end. Ground loops develop when there is more than one ground connection and
the difference in common mode voltage potential at these ground connections introduces noise into the
cabling.
Note that 23 or 24 AWG wire is allowed if the ANSI/TIA-568-B.2-1 performance specifications are met.
The figure below shows the pins on plug face; note that the socket is the reverse of the plug pinout shown
below.
Figure 20: Category 6 Plug Face Pins
For more information, see the TIA web site or the IEEE web site.
Troubleshooting Cat 6 & Cat 6a Structured Copper Cabling Systems
If a Category 6 cabling system does not meet the electrical requirements for supporting 10GBASE-T
applications, see the TSB-155 provides guidelines designed to mitigate the alien crosstalk between the
target pair and the disturbing pairs of Category 6 channels and permanent links. Annex B of TSB-155
outlines the following mitigation actions most appropriate for individual situations:
Use Category 6 shielded or Category 6a patch cords;
Replace Category 6 connectors with Category 6a connectors;
Use non-adjacent patch panel positions;
Separate equipment cords and patch cords;
Unbundle or more loosely bundle the horizontal cabling; and
Reconfigure the cross-connect as an interconnect.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 26 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Fiber (10GbE) Cabling
The two general types of fiber optic cables are SMF (single-mode fiber) and MMF (multi-mode fiber).
SMF has an optical core of approximately 9 μm (microns), and has lower modal dispersion than MMF,
and can support distances of at least 10 Km and as high as 80-100 Km (Kilometers) or more, depending
on transmission speed, transceivers, etc..
MMF has an optical core of either 50 μm or 62.5 μm, and it supports distances up to 600 meters,
depending on transmission speeds and transceivers.
Table 8: Fiber Cable Descriptions
Standard
Cable Type
Core
Diameter
IEEE Standard
Distance
Wavelength
OM1
Multi-mode (MMF)
62.5/125 μm
33 meters (SR)
850 / 1300 nm
OM2
Multi-mode (MMF)
50/125 μm
82 meters (SR)
850 / 1300 nm
OM3
Multi-mode (MMF)
50/125 μm
300 meters (SR)
850 / 1300 nm
OM4
Multi-mode (MMF)
50/125 μm
550 meters (SR)
850 / 1300 nm
OS1
Single mode (SMF)
9 μm
up to 10,000m
1310 / 1550 nm
OS1 SMF optics are used for distances up to 10,000m (6.2 miles) with standard transceivers and can
work at longer distances with special transceivers and switching infrastructure.
The C4120 supports:
10GBase-SR: The most common type of fiber-optic 10GbE cable that supports an SFP+ connector with
an optical transceiver rated for 10Gb transmission speed (also known as “short reach” fiber-optic cables).
10GBase-LR: The the “long reach” fiber optic cables that support single-mode fiber optic cables and
connectors. Provides serialized data at a line rate of 10.3125 Gbit/s.10GBASE-LR has a specified reach
of 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), but 10GBASE-LR optical modules can often manage distances of up to 25
kilometres (16 mi) with no data loss.
10GBase-ER: The "extended reach" port type for single-mode fiber that uses 1550 nm lasers. Its Physical
Coding Sublayer 64b/66b PCS is defined in IEEE 802.3 Clause 49 and its Physical Medium Dependent
PMD in Clause 52. It delivers serialized data at a line rate of 10.3125 Gbit/s.
10GBase-ZR: An 80 km (50 mile) range ER pluggable interface, the 80 km PHY is not specified within
the IEEE 802.3ae standard, and manufacturers have created their own specifications based on the 80 km
PHY described in the OC-192/STM-64 SDH/SONET specifications.
10GBase-LRM: The “Long Reach Multimode” originally specified in IEEE 802.3aq; a port type for
multimode fiber that uses 1310 nm lasers. Its Physical Coding Sublayer 64b/66b PCS is defined in IEEE
802.3 Clause 49 and its Physical Medium Dependent PMD is defined in Clause 68. It delivers serialized
data at a line rate of 10.3125 Gbit/s. 10GBASE-LRM supports distances up to 220 metres (720 ft) on
FDDI-grade multimode fiber and the same 220m maximum reach on OM1, OM2 and OM3 fiber types.
The C4120 does not support 10GBase-LX4 or 10GBase-CX4.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 27 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Technical Specifications
Standards:
IEEE802.3, IEEE 802.3an, IEEE 802.3ae, IEEE 802.3az
Data Rate:
10 Gbps
Status LEDs:
PWR (Power): On = power is on
L/A SFP+ (Fiber port link and activity status):
On = Link OK
Flashing = Link and Activity OK
Copper Link (Copper Link Status):
On = Link OK
Copper Act (Copper Link Activity):
On = Activity OK
DIP Switches:
SW1: Copper Loopback
SW2: Fiber Loopback
SW3: not used
SW4: Transparent Link Pass Through
Dimensions:
Width: 0.86” [21.85 mm]
Depth: 6.5” [165 mm]
Height: 3.4” [86.36 mm]
Power Consumption:
10.5 watts
Environment:
See ION chassis specifications
Storage Temp:
-15 to +65°C
Shipping Weight:
1 lb.
MTBF:
Greater than 250,000 hours (MIL-HDBK-217F)
Greater than 687,000 hours (Bellcore)
Regulatory Compliance: FCC Class A, EN55022 Class A, EN55024, CE Mark
Warranty:
Lifetime
Max. Frame Size:
16384 bytes jumbo frame support
The information in this user’s guide is subject to change. For the most up-to-date information, see the
user’s guide on-line at: www.transition.com.
WARNING: Visible and invisible laser radiation when open. DO NOT stare into the beam or view the
beam directly with optical instruments. Failure to observe this warning could result in an eye injury or
blindness.
WARNING: Use of controls, adjustments or the performance of procedures other than those specified
herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
CAUTION: Copper based media ports, e.g., Twisted Pair (TP) Ethernet, USB, RS232, RS422, RS485,
DS1, DS3, Video Coax, etc., are intended to be connected to intrabuilding (inside plant) link segments
that are not subject to lightening transients or power faults. Copper based media ports (e.g., Twisted Pair
(TP) Ethernet, USB, RS232, RS422, RS485, DS1, DS3, Video Coax, etc.) are NOT to be connected to
inter-building (outside plant) link segments that are subject to lightening transients or power faults.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 28 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
ION C4120-1048 Loading Note
Special attention should be paid to the number of C4120 cards installed in an ION219 chassis based on
the number of power supply modules installed and the ambient temperature of the install environment.
Ambient
Temperature
Number of
P/S modules
Number of C4120 Cards
supported
Use of empty slots
in ION219 chassis
for other ION cards
50C / 122F
1
10
Yes
50C / 122F
1
15
No
40C / 104F
2
19
Chassis Full
32C / 90F
1
19
Chassis Full
Defaults
After you configure the C4120 and insert it into ION chassis, it will start up and run automatically using its
defaults. The C4120 initialization default values are shown below.
Parameter
Default Value
Property
- Link Pass Though
Enabled
Read & Write
- Configuration mode
Software (SW)
Read only
- Admin Status
Enabled
Read & Write
- Phy Mode
Auto
Read only
- Loopback
Disabled
Read & Write
- Admin Status
Enabled
Read & Write
- Phy Mode
Auto
Read only
- Loopback
Disabled
Read & Write
- Auto Cross
Enabled
Read only
- Auto Negotiation
Enabled
Read only
Fiber Port
Copper Port
You can change the default configuration via the ION Web GUI, the ION CLI (Command Line Interface),
or via Focal Point 3.0.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 29 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Troubleshooting
If a problem or exception occurs, the C4120 will send related Trap message to the Trap Server to report
this event. You can launch the Trap Server in Focal Point 3.0 to capture the Trap message to better
understand C4120 status.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Is the PWR (power) LED lit?
NO
• Is the C4120 inserted properly into the chassis?
• Is the power cord properly installed in the C4120 chassis and in the grounded AC outlet?
• Does the grounded AC outlet provide power?
• Contact Tech Support: 1-800-260-1312, Int’l: 00-1-952-941-7600.
YES
• Proceed to step 2.
Is the L/A SFP+ LED lit?
NO
• Check that the SFP+ device is supported and properly connected. See “Installing SFP+
Devices” on page 8.
• Check the fiber cables for proper connection.
• Verify that the cable specs are met.See Cable Specifications on page 23.
• Contact Tech Support: 1-800-260-1312, Int’l: 00-1-952-941-7600.
YES
• Proceed to step 3.
Is the CLI accessible?
NO
• Check the Install process. See “Installation and Setup” on page 7.
• Check the cabling. See “Install Fiber and Copper Cable” on page 10.
• Contact Tech Support: 1-800-260-1312, Int’l: 00-1-952-941-7600.
YES
• Proceed to step 4.
Is the web GUI accessible?
NO
• Check the Install process. See “Installation and Setup” on page 7.
• Check the cabling. See Cable Specifications on page 23.
• Contact Tech Support: 1-800-260-1312, Int’l: 00-1-952-941-7600.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 30 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
Contact Us
Technical Support
Technical support is available 24 hours a day.
US and Canada: 1-800-260-1312
International: 00-1-952-941-7600
Transition Now 7:00 AM to 6:00 PM CST
Chat live via the Web with Transition Networks Technical Support.
Log onto www.transition.com and click the Tech Support/Transition Now link.
Web-Based Seminars
Transition Networks provides seminars via live web-based training.
Log onto www.transition.com and click the Learning Center link.
E-Mail
To ask a question anytime, send an e-mail to our technical support staff at techsupport@transition.com.
Address
Transition Networks
10900 Red Circle Drive,
Minnetonka, MN 55343, U.S.A.
telephone: 952-941-7600
toll free: 800-526-9267
fax: 952-941-2322
Compliance Information
Declaration of Conformity
< to be supplied >
FCC Regulations
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant
to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at the user's own expense.
Canadian Regulations
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise for digital apparatus set out on
the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n'émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables
aux appareils numériques de la lass A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique
édicté par le ministère des Communications du Canada.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 31 of 32
Transition Networks
C4120 Install Guide
European Regulations
Warning
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which
case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Achtung !
Dieses ist ein Gerät der Funkstörgrenzwertklasse A. In Wohnbereichen können bei Betrieb dieses
Gerätes Rundfunkstörungen auftreten. In diesem Fäll ist der Benutzer für Gegenmaßnahmen
verantwortlich.
Attention !
Ceci est un produit de Classe A. Dans un environment domestique, ce produit risque de créer des
interférences radioélectriques, il appartiendra alors à l'utilsateur de prende les measures spécifiques
appropriées.
In accordance with European Union Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of
the Council of 27 January 2003, Transition Networks will accept post usage returns of this
product for proper disposal. The contact information for this activity can be found in the
'Contact Us' portion of this document.
CAUTION: RJ connectors are NOT INTENDED FOR CONNECTION TO THE PUBLIC
TELEPHONE NETWORK. Failure to observe this caution could result in damage to the public telephone
network.
Der Anschluss dieses Gerätes an ein öffentlickes Telekommunikationsnetz in den EGMitgliedstaaten
verstösst gegen die jeweligen einzelstaatlichen Gesetze zur Anwendung der
Richtlinie 91/263/EWG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften der Mitgliedstaaten über
Telekommunikationsendeinrichtungen einschliesslich der gegenseitigen Anerkennung ihrer
Record of Revisions
Rev
A
Date
09/25/13
Notes
Initial release for v 1.2.3.
Trademark Notice
All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Copyright restrictions
© 2013 Transition Networks.
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic or mechanical - without written permission from Transition Networks.
33549 Rev. A
http://www.transition.com/
Page 32 of 32