® Select Profile: use to specify a profile name for a specific configuration of parameters. New: use to set up a new profile by clicking New. w w w.apc.com Save: use to save a profile after configuring the settings, click Save. I Delete: to delete a profile, select the profile from the dropdown menu for Select Profile, click Delete. IEEE 802.11b 11 Mbps Wireless Notebook Cardbus User’s Manual Service Set Identifier (SSID): input an SSID string for the wireless network where the connection is to be made. This should be set to the same value as the SSID of the access point or wireless router that the computer is connected to. To roam among multiple access points with different BSSIDs, set this value to ANY to allow connection to any access point. Model Number WCB2000B INTRODUCTION Channel: if setting up an ad-hoc wireless LAN (see “Network Topologies”), set the channel to the same radio channel as that used by the other wireless clients in the group. However, if connecting to a network via an access point, the channel is automatically set by the access point. Thank you for purchasing APC’s Wireless Notebook Cardbus (referred to as Cardbus). This document provides information necessary to install and setup the device and software. Note: The available channels are limited to local regulations. FCC: channels 1-11. Figure 2. APC 802.11b Wireless Notebook Cardbus Manager Screen The configuration utility includes five tabs, as follows: Figure 1. Wireless Notebook Cardbus PACKAGE CONTENTS The Cardbus package includes: • 1 Wireless Notebook Cardbus • 1 driver and utility installation and documentation compact disk (CD) • Plastic carrying case • Quick Installation Guide Please contact the reseller if any item is missing or damaged. Configuration: shows configuration parameters for the Wireless Notebook Cardbus. Link information: shows the Wireless Notebook Cardbus statistics. IP information: shows the Internet Address of theCardbus. Site Survey: scans/shows all the wireless devices in range. Version information: shows the version information for the driver and utility. At the bottom of each screen are 3 functions that can be selected, as follows: • Radio On/Radio Off: turns the transmission/reception of the Wireless Notebook Cardbus ON or OFF. • Help: click here to access the help file. • Exit: clicking on this button closes the configuration utility dialogue box. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS Configuration Before installing the Cardbus, check the system for the following: Use this utility tab (Figure 3) to configure the Cardbus parameters. • TCP Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) • A notebook computer with a Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA) Type II or Type III slot or with enabled notebook • A minimum of 1500 Kbytes free disk space for installing the driver and utility program • Other IEEE 802.11b-compliant devices installed in the network area such as a wireless router or a wireless access point. Transmit (Tx) Rate: indicates the data transmission rate. Select an appropriate transmission speed. Lower speeds will give better range. .Link information This screen (Figure 4) displays the current connection information of the Wireless Notebook Cardbus. Associated BSS ID: the MAC address of the access point to which the Wireless LAN Card is connected in an infrastructure network. In an ad hoc network, the BSS ID is a random number generated by the first station that communicates with other clients in the network. Figure 5. Wireless Cardbus Manager IP Information Screen IP Netmask — a mask used to determine to what subnet an IP address belongs. Encryption: Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is implemented in the Wireless Notebook Cardbus to prevent unauthorized access. For more secure data transmission, set the Encryption to 128-bit or 64-bit. Host Name — the notebook computer name on the network. Key Type: select ASCII or Hex. DHCP Server — the IP address of the DHCP server. Default Key: choose the key for encryption. Release — click this button to release the current IP settings of the Wireless Notebook Cardbus. Gateway — the IP address of the Gateway. Passphrase: check this box to automatically generate key strings for encryption (recommended). Renew — click this button to obtain new IP settings for the Wireless Notebook Cardbus. How to set up WEP: The WEP mechanism is based on the RC4 encryption algorithm. The security keys are provided to ensure data confidentiality. When selecting 64-bit Encryption, 4 keys will be generated. When 128-bit Encryption is selected, only one key will be generated. WEP security protects the wireless LAN against eavesdropping and unauthorized access by intruders. If WEP is in use, all clients on the same network must use the same WEP key settings in order to communicate with each other. in this field to automatically generate keys. In the Default Key field, select one key as the default key to be used for encryption. Click the Apply changes button to allow the settings to take effect. Or Select 128-bit or 64-bit in the Encryption field. In the Key Type field, select ASCII or Hex. Figure 3. Configuration Tab Screen enter a string of characters in the corresponding Key # (Key 1~Key 4) field selected in step 3. Click Apply changes to allow the settings to take effect. Note: When setting up WEP without using the Passphrase function, if the Key Type is set to Hex, only hexadecimal characters (range: 0~9 and A~F) can be used. When Encryption is set to 64-bit, a maximum of 10 hex characters can be entered in the Key field. And when 128-bit Encryption is selected, a maximum of 26 hex characters can be entered to generate the key string. If the Key Type is set to ASCII, and Encryption is set to 64-bit, then 5 ASCII characters can be used in the Key field. For 128-bit Encryption, 13 ASCII characters can be used. Tx Power: move the slider up and down to increase or decrease the transmission power. Check the Passphrase box; enter a string of characters To configure the Cardbus, double-click on the Wireless Card Manager icon on the desktop to launch the utility (see Figure 2), or access it from the Start menu. Manually This screen displays IP information (Figure 5) for your notebook. Now that you have configured your Wireless Notebook Cardbus to connect to wireless networks, you need to obtain new network settings. IP Address — internet address of the notebook computer. Select 128-bit or 64-bit in the Encryption field. Wireless Card Manager key to be used for encryption. IP information Operating Mode: set the operation mode to 802.11 AdHoc for connections that do not have any access points, or to Infrastructure for connections with an access point (see “Network Topologies” for more information). To use the WEP function, proceed as follows: UTILITY CONFIGURATION In the Default Key field, select one key as the default Site browse Site browse (see Figure 6 on the reverse of this page) scans and displays all wireless devices within range. You can connect to a wireless device by doubleclicking on that entry. Figure 4. Wireless Cardbus Manager Link Screen Channel: the channel used to communicate with the connecting wireless device. Rescan — click this button to scan for available network connections. SSID — Service Set ID (see Service Set ID for details). Current Tx Rate: the data transmission rate. BSSID — Basic Service Set ID (see Basic Service Set ID for more information). SSID: the Service Set Identification of the wireless network to which the Wireless Notebook Cardbus is connected. Channel — the radio channel on which the wireless device operates. Rx Fragments: is the number of received fragments. Tx Fragments: is the number of transmitted fragments. Encryption — the locking icon indicates that the encryption function has been enabled. Link Quality: shows the link quality of the current wireless connection. Signal — shows the signal strength from the adapter to the listed wireless devices. Signal Strength: indicates the relative strength of the connection between the Wireless Notebook Cardbus and the connected device. Network Type — this indicates the operating mode of the listed networks (see previous definition of Operating Mode.) Roaming Wireless PCs Ad Hoc Wireless LAN Notebook with Wireless USB Adapter • A wireless infrastructure can also support roaming for mobile workers. More than one access point can be configured to create an Extended Service Set (ESS). By placing the access points so that a continuous coverage area is created, wireless users within this ESS can roam freely. All wireless adapters and access points within a specific ESS must be configured with the same SSID and to the same radio channel (see Figure 10). File Server Notebook with Wireless PC Card The access point that you are connecting to might be defective. Try connecting to another access point. • If you cannot access a Windows or NetWare service on the network, check that you have enabled and configured the service correctly. If you cannot connect to a particular server, be sure that you have access rights and a valid ID and password. • If you cannot access the Internet, be sure you have configured your system for TCP/IP. If your wireless station cannot communicate with a device in the Ethernet LAN when configured for Infrastructure mode, check the following: • Desktop PC Switch Wireless Cell Coverage Area PC with Wireless PCI Adapter Notebook with Wireless PC Card Adapter PC with Wireless PCI Adapter Access Point <BSS2> • • <BSS1> Figure 8. Example of an Ad Hoc Wireless LAN Figure 6. Wireless Cardbus Manager Site Browse Screen (see bottom of previous page) Version Information The Version Information screen (Figure 7) shows information on the current version of the driver and configuration utility. PC with Wireless PC I Adapter Infrastructure Wireless LAN The Wireless Notebook Cardbus can also provide wireless workstations with access to a wired LAN. An integrated wired and wireless LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration. A Basic Service Set (BSS) consists of a group of wireless PC users, and an access point that is directly connected to the wired LAN. Each wireless PC in this BSS can talk to any computer in its wireless group via a radio link, or access other computers or network resources in the wired LAN infrastructure via the access point. The infrastructure configuration not only extends the accessibility of wireless PCs to the wired LAN, but also extends the effective wireless transmission range for wireless PCs by passing their signals through one or more access points. A wireless infrastructure can be used for access to a central database, or for connection between mobile workers, as shown in Figure 9. Wired LAN Extension to Wireless Adapters Notebooks with Wireless PC Card Adapters IEEE 802.11b - Wireless LAN Wireless Notebook Cardbus Installation Problems Operating Range Indoor: Up to 50 m (164 ft) at 11 Mbps, up to 90 m (295 ft) at 2 Mbps, up to 115 m (377 ft) at 1 Mbps Outdoor: Up to 160 m (525 ft) at 11 Mbps, up tp 400 m (1312 ft) at 2 Mbps, up to 550 m (1804 ft) at 1 Mbps Signal Type Direct Sequence Spread-Spectrum (DSSS) Operating Frequency USA, Canada and Europe (ETSI): 2.400-2.4835 GHz Sensitivity -82 dBm (minimum) at 11 Mbps -85 dBm (minimum) at 5.5 Mbps -87 dBm (minimum) at 2 Mbps -92 dBm (minimum) at 1 Mbps Modulation CCK, BPSK, QPSK Output Power +17.5 dBm (normal) Power Consumption 3.3 V, 375 mA transmit, 285 mA receive (normal) Dimensions 12.8 x 5.3 cm (5.04 x 2.09 in.) Antenna Dual antenna LED Indicator Link, Activity Host Interface PCMCIA, Type II or Type III Wireless Standard IEEE 802.11b Temperature Operating: 0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F) Storage: 0 to 70 °C (32 to 158 °F) Humidity 5 to 80% (non-condensing) Vibration/Shock/ Drop IEC 68-2-34, IEC 68-2-27, IEC68-2-32 Certification - CE Mark EN 50081-1, EN 55022 Class B EN 50082-1, EN 61000-4-2/3/4/6/11 Emissions FCC Part 15(B), ETS 300-328 NDIS Drivers Windows 2000, Windows XP If the notebook computer cannot find the Wireless Notebook Cardbus, or the driver software does not install correctly, check the following: Access Point • Figure 7. Version Information Screen The Cardbus can be configured as: • Ad hoc for departmental or SOHO LANs • Infrastructure for enterprise LANs Network Topologies - Ad Hoc Wireless LAN An ad hoc wireless LAN (Figure 8) consists of a group of computers, each equipped with a wireless adapter, connected via radio signals as an independent wireless LAN. Computers in a specific ad hoc wireless LAN must be configured to the same radio channel. An ad hoc wireless LAN can be used for a branch office or SOHO operation. PC with Wireless PC I Adapter Setting the Communication Domain- Stationary Wireless PCs The Basic Service Set (BSS) is the communication domain for each access point. For wireless PCs that do not need to support roaming, set the domain identifier (SSID) for the wireless card to the SSID of the access point you want to connect to. Check with your administrator for the SSID of the access point to which you are connecting. Specification Network Connection • Figure 9. Example of an Infrastructure Wireless LAN Item 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps • Ensure the Cardbus is securely seated in the PCMCIA slot. Check for any hardware problems, such as physical damage to the card connector. Install the Cardbus in another PCMCIA slot. If this also fails, test the notebook with another wireless Cardbus that is known to operate correctly. Ensure the notebook computer is using the latest BIOS (check the manual provided with the notebook computer for details. If there are other network adapters in the notebook, they may be in conflict. Remove the other network adapters from the notebook and test the wireless adapter separately. Check for a defective notebook computer or PCMCIA connection by trying the adapter in another notebook that is known to operate correctly. If all fails, and the Cardbus still does not work, take out the Cardbus. Uninstall the driver and utility from the notebook, then go to “Control Panel” and delete the Cardbus from the network configuration menu. Restart the notebook and reinstall the Cardbus and the driver and utility software. Network Connection Problems If the Link LED on the Wireless Notebook Cardbus does not light, or if you cannot access any network resources from the notebook, check the following: • • Ensure the driver and utility software is installed correctly. If necessary, try to uninstall and then reinstall the software. Ensure the notebook and other network devices are receiving power. The standard warranty is two (2) years from the date of purchase. APC’s standard procedure is to replace the original unit with a factory reconditioned unit. APC will ship the replacement unit once the defective unit has been received by the repair department, or cross-ship upon the receipt of a valid credit card number. The customer pays for shipping the unit to APC. APC pays ground freight transportation costs to ship the replacement unit to the customer. WARRANTY REGISTRATION To register this product for purposes of the warranty, please go to warranty.apc.com. APC CONTACT INFORMATION Technical Support www.apc.com/support Internet www.apc.com USA and Canada 800-800-4272 France Data Rate • This Wireless Solution supports a stand-alone wireless network configuration, as well as an integrated configuration with Ethernet LANs. SPECIFICATIONS Check the following troubleshooting items before contacting Technical Support. Notebook with Wireless PC Card Adapter Network Configuration and Planning Seamless Roaming Troubleshooting • Switch <ESS> Figure 10. Example of Seamless Roaming File Server Desktop PC • Access Point Make sure the access point that the station is associated with is powered on. Check the SSID of the access point that you are connecting to, make sure you set the adapter to the same SSID. If there is still no connection, change the radio channel of the access point and all the clients within the same BSS. Check if WEP settings have been enabled in the access point to which you are connecting. Make sure that the encryption, default key and passphrase settings of the adapter are set to the same as the access point. Contact your network administrator for more information. WARRANTY Asia-Pacific China 0800 906 483 (+65) 3896 823 (+86) (10) 8529 9888 Europe/Middle East/ Africa (+353) 91 702020 Worldwide (+1) 401 789 5735 990-1689 Copyright © 2003 American Power Conversion. All rights reserved. APC is a registered trademark of American Power Conversion. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.