PCAN-RS-232 - User Manual - PEAK

PCAN-RS-232
Programmable Converter
CAN to RS-232
User Manual
Document version 1.2.2 (2017-01-27)
PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Relevant products
Product Name
Model
Part number
PCAN-RS-232
Plastic casing, screw terminal block
IPEH-002100
Product names mentioned in this document may be the trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective companies. They are not explicitly marked by “™” and
“®”.
© 2017 PEAK-System Technik GmbH
PEAK-System Technik GmbH
Otto-Roehm-Strasse 69
64293 Darmstadt
Germany
Phone: +49 (0)6151 8173-20
Fax:
+49 (0)6151 8173-29
www.peak-system.com
info@peak-system.com
Document version 1.2.2 (2017-01-27)
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Contents
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
Introduction
5
Properties at a Glance
Scope of Supply
Prerequisites for Operation
Connectors and Coding Solder Jumpers
Screw Terminal Block
J5 Connector Panel: JTAG Ports
Coding Solder Jumpers
5
6
6
7
8
9
11
3
Operation
13
4
Software
14
4.1 Installing the GNU ARM Toolchain
4.2 Library
4.3 Firmware Examples
4.3.1
Compiling a Firmware Example
14
15
15
16
5
17
Firmware Upload
5.1 Uploading Firmware via CAN
5.1.1
System Requirements
5.1.2
Preparing Hardware and Software
5.1.3
Uploading the Firmware
5.2 Uploading Firmware via the Serial Connections
17
17
18
19
22
6
24
Technical Specifications
Appendix A
CE Certificate
25
Appendix B
Dimension Drawings
26
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Appendix C Port Assignment of the
Microcontroller
4
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
1
Introduction
The PCAN-RS-232 converter has one CAN channel and one RS-232
port. The data traffic between CAN and RS-232 is controlled by a
freely programmable microcontroller. Thus, devices without CAN
connection (e.g. PLC systems) can be connected to a CAN bus via
almost any RS-232 protocol.
The provided library and Yagarto toolchain can be used to produce
your own firmware and then transfer it to the converter via CAN.
This gives a whole range of options for manipulation, evaluation,
filtering, and routing of the data traffic.
On delivery the PCAN-RS-232 converter is supplied with an example
firmware that routes from CAN to RS-232 and vice versa. It allows to
configure the data transfer as well as the hardware with serial
control commands. The corresponding source code is included.
1.1
Properties at a Glance
Microcontroller of the NXP LPC21 series (16/32-bit ARM CPU)
External 32-kByte EEPROM
High-speed CAN channel (ISO 11898-2) with 40 kbit/s to 1 Mbit/s
(lower bit rates on request)
Data transfer between CAN and RS-232 with a maximum bit rate
of 115,200 bit/s
Additional digital input (Low-active) and output (Low-side
switch)
Duo LED for status indication
10-pole screw terminal block (Phoenix), exposed connector
contacts on request
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Supply voltage from 8 to 30 V
Extended operating temperature range from -40 to +85 °C
(-40 to +185 °F)
Import of a new firmware via CAN
4-bit coding of the hardware by solder jumpers
Plastic casing
1.2
Scope of Supply
PCAN-RS-232 in a plastic casing
10-pin screw terminal block
Windows development software (Yagarto GNU ARM toolchain,
flash program)
1.3
Prerequisites for Operation
Power supply in the range of 8 to 30 V DC
For uploading a new firmware via CAN:
 CAN interface of the PCAN series for the computer (e.g.
PCAN-USB)
 Operating system Windows 10, 8, 7 (32/64-bit)
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
2
Connectors and Coding
Solder Jumpers
The PCAN-RS-232 converter has a 10-pole screw terminal block for
connecting the following components:
Supply voltage
CAN
RS-232
Digital input and digital output
CAN bootloader activation
For direct access to the debugging ports (JTAG) of the microcontroller, an additional – yet not equipped – connector panel is
available on the circuit board of the converter.
Furthermore the board has four coding solder jumpers in order to
assign a fixed status to the corresponding input bits of the microcontroller. A concrete application is to identify a PCAN-RS-232
converter on the CAN bus for a firmware upload, especially if there
are several converters connected and in operation.
The following subsections describe each connector assignment.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
2.1
Screw Terminal Block
Terminal
Identifier
Function
1
+Vb
Power supply 8 - 30 V DC
2
GND
Ground
3
CAN_L
4
CAN_H
Differential CAN signal
5
DOut
Digital output, Low-side switch
6
DIn
Digital input, Low-active
7
Boot CAN
CAN bootloader activation, High-active
8
GND
Ground
9
RS-232 RxD
10
RS-232 TxD
RS-232 interface
For further connection details that are not needed for programming
of the PCAN-RS-232 converter because of implementation in a
library, see also Appendix C Port Assignment of the Microcontroller
on page 27.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
2.2
J5 Connector Panel: JTAG Ports
The unpopulated connector panel J5 on the PCAN-RS-232
converter’s circuit board provides an access option to the JTAG
ports of the LPC2194/01 microcontroller (μC) for hardware
debugging.
JTAG panel on the circuit board (not equipped)
Pin
Signal
1, 2
GND
Port μC
Internal wiring
3
/Reset
/Reset
Pull-up
4
3.3 V
5
6
TCK
P1.29
Pull-down (R30)
TMS
P1.30
Pull-up
7
TDO
P1.27
Pull-up
8
TDI
P1.28
Pull-up
9
RTCK
P1.26
Pull-down (R31)
10
TRST
P1.31
Pull-up
If constant internal pull-down wiring of the TCK or RTCK signals is
not suitable for your purposes, you can remove the respective pull-
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
down resistor on the circuit board of the PCAN-RS-232 converter by
soldering it out.
Pull-down resistors on the circuit board bottom:
R30 for pin 5 TCK, R31 for pin 9 RTCK
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
2.3
Coding Solder Jumpers
The four positions for coding solder jumpers (ID0 - ID3) are each
assigned to one port of the LPC2194/01 microcontroller (μC).
Coding solder jumpers on the circuit board
Position
0
1
2
3
Port μC
P0.4
P0.5
P0.6
P0.7
Position is …
Status at the port
bridged
Low
open
High
The status of the ports is relevant in the following cases:
The loaded firmware is programmed so that it reads the status
at the corresponding ports of the microcontroller. For example,
the activation of certain functions of the firmware or the coding
of an ID is conceivable here.
For a firmware upload via CAN the PCAN-RS-232 converter is
identified by a 4-bit ID which is determined by solder jumpers. A
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
bit is set (1) when the corresponding solder jumper position is
open (default setting: ID 15, all positions open).
Position
Binary digit
Decimal equivalent
0
1
2
3
0001
0010
0100
1000
1
2
4
8
See also section 5.1 Uploading Firmware via CAN on page 17.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
3
Operation
The PCAN-RS-232 converter is activated by applying the supply
voltage to the respective input pins (see chapter 2 Connectors and
Coding Solder Jumpers on page 7). The firmware in the flash
memory is subsequently run.
The status indication of the LED depends on the used firmware.
On delivery the PCAN-RS-232 is supplied with an example firmware
that routes from CAN to RS-232 and vice versa. It allows to configure the data transfer as well as the hardware with serial control
commands.
The LED is green when the converter is switched on, and blinks
during an established connection to a serial host (e.g. the shareware
program CANHacker).
You can find the documentation about the example firmware on the
supplied DVD in the directory branch
/Develop/Microcontroller hardware/PCAN-RS-232/Example/
and there as HTML pages under
6_CAN_TO_SER_BY_COMMAND/help/index.html
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
4
Software
This chapter covers the installation of the Yagarto GNU ARM toolchain and gives notes about the software library and the firmware
examples.
Software, source code, and additional information are included on
the supplied DVD in the following directory branch:
/Develop/Microcontroller hardware/PCAN-RS-232/
4.1
Installing the GNU ARM Toolchain
To compile the code examples and the custom firmware code under
Windows, install Yagarto on your computer. Yagarto is a collection
of tools to develop applications for ARM processors and microcontrollers on Windows platforms. The collection includes the GNU
GCC compiler for C and C++, Make, and further tools. Further
information about Yagarto: www.yagarto.de
System requirement: Windows 8/7/Vista/XP (32/64-bit)
Do the following to install Yagarto:
1.
From the directory branch on the provided DVD mentioned
above, change to the Compiler subdirectory.
The directory contains the two installation programs
yagarto-*.exe and yagarto-tools-*.exe.
2.
Execute the first installation program and follow its
instructions.
If you don't want to use the default destination folder, make
sure that your customized path doesn't contain any spaces.
Otherwise compile operations will not work later.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
3.
Afterwards, execute the second installation program and
follow its instructions.
In the system environment, the installation programs create search
paths for the executable files. These new search paths are effective
only for programs and command prompts that are started
afterwards.
4.2
Library
The development of applications for the PCAN-RS-232 is supported
by the library libPCAN-RS-232-GNU*s.a (* stands for version number), a binary file. You can access all resources of the converter by
means of this library. The library is documented in the header files
(*.h). The files are located in each example directory.
4.3
Firmware Examples
On the DVD, the Example subdirectory contains source code for
several firmware examples that you can use and test directly and
that you can reuse for custom firmware.
On delivery the PCAN-RS-232 converter is supplied with the example firmware 6_CAN_TO_SER_BY_COMMAND that routes from CAN to
RS-232 and vice versa. It allows to configure the data transfer as
well as the hardware with serial control commands.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
4.3.1
Compiling a Firmware Example
Do the following to compile a firmware example under
Windows:
1.
From the provided DVD, copy the subdirectory of the
desired example from the Example directory to the local
hard disk.
2.
Open a command prompt by using the Windows Start
menu. Alternatively you can press the key combination
 + R and enter cmd.exe as program to be executed.
3.
At the command prompt change to the previously copied
directory.
4.
Execute the following command in order to clean-up the
target directories (e.g. .out) from files that have been
generated earlier:
make clean
5.
Execute the following command to compile the example
firmware:
make all
If the compiler has finished without errors (“Errors: none”),
you can find the firmware file with the extension .bin in the
subdirectory .out. This file is then used for firmware upload
to the PCAN-RS-232 converter.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
5
Firmware Upload
The microcontroller in the PCAN-RS-232 converter can be equipped
with new firmware in two different ways:
Via CAN. The scope of supply includes the Windows program
PCAN-Flash to transfer the firmware from the computer to the
PCAN-RS-232 converter. This is the recommended method for a
firmware upload.
Via the serial ports of the microcontroller (only in special cases).
For this the access to the circuit board of the PCAN-RS-232
converter is needed.
5.1
5.1.1
Uploading Firmware via CAN
System Requirements
The following prerequisites must be given, so that the PCAN-RS-232
converter can be updated with new firmware:
CAN interface of the PCAN series for the computer (e.g. PCANUSB)
CAN cabling between the CAN interface and the PCAN-RS-232
converter with proper termination (120  on each end of the
CAN bus)
Operating system Windows 8/7/Vista/XP (32/64-bit)
If you want to update several PCAN-RS-232 converters connected to the same CAN bus, you must assign a unique ID to each
converter. See section 2.3 Coding Solder Jumpers on page 11.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
5.1.2
Preparing Hardware and Software
Perform the following steps for preparation of the hardware:
1.
Switch the PCAN-RS-232 converter off by disconnecting it
from the power supply.
2.
Establish a connection between “Boot CAN” and “Ub” at the
connectors of the converter.
Connection at the screw terminal block
between terminals 1 and 7
This measure later applies the “Boot CAN” connection with
a high level.
3.
Connect the CAN bus of the converter with a CAN interface
connected to the computer. Pay attention to the proper
termination of the CAN cabling (2 x 120 ).
Perform the following steps for preparation of the software:
1.
On the supplied DVD, change to the following directory:
/Develop/Microcontroller hardware/PCAN-RS-232/
2.
Copy the subdirectory PcanFlash to the local hard disk.
The contained Windows software that copies the Firmware
via CAN (PcanFlash.exe) can only be started from a data
carrier that is writable.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
5.1.3
Uploading the Firmware
The process of transferring a new firmware to the PCAN-RS-232
converter is as follows:
1.
Ensure that a connection is established between the
“Boot CAN” and “Ub” connections of the converter (details:
see above).
2.
Switch on the converter by applying a voltage supply.
Due to the High level at the “Boot CAN” connection, the
converter starts the CAN bootloader. This is indicated by the
LED blinking orange.
3.
Run the program PcanFlash.exe under Windows from the
local hard drive.
4.
Click on the
box.
5.
From the Hardware Profile dropdown list, select the PCANRS-232 entry.
(Options) button in order to call up the dialog
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
6.
Click on the … button next to the File name field in order to
select the desired firmware file (*.bin) to be uploaded.
7.
Click on the OK button.
8.
Make sure that the PCAN-Flash program is connected with
500 kbit/s to the available CAN interface at the computer.
PCAN-Flash: Display of a connection in the status bar on the bottom.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
If not, click the (Connect) button in order to change the
selection in the according dialog box.
9.
Click the (Detect) button in order to detect the PCAN-RS232 converter connected to the CAN bus.
An entry for the converter appears in the main window.
10. Select the entry for the PCAN-RS-232 converter.
11. Click the (Program) button in order to start uploading the
new firmware to the converter.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Observe the status indication at the bottom of the window.
The process was successful if the last message to appear is
“Flashing of module(s) finished!”.
12. Disconnect the power supply from the converter.
13. At the converter, disconnect “Boot CAN” from “Ub”.
You can now use the PCAN-RS-232 converter with the new
firmware.
5.2
Uploading Firmware via the Serial
Connections
This section shows how to activate the microcontroller’s bootloader. The actual upload process depends on the upload software
used which is supplied by a third party and is not described here.
Important note: When uploading a firmware via the RS-232
interface, the CAN bootloader may be overwritten. Afterwards a
firmware upload via CAN is not possible anymore.
Do the following to activate the microcontroller's bootloader:
1.
Switch the PCAN-RS-232 converter off by disconnecting it
from the power supply.
2.
Open the casing of the converter by removing the screws in
order to gain access to the circuit board.
3.
Shorten the jumper JP4 „sboot“, e.g. with a temporary
solder connection.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
4.
Establish a serial connection to the computer or the programming adapter via the RS-232 connectors RxD (9) and
TxD (10).
5.
Switch on the PCAN-RS-232 converter by applying a voltage
supply.
Due to the Low level on port P0.14 of the microcontroller,
the converter starts the bootloader for serial transfer. The
LED stays off.
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6
Technical Specifications
Functionality
Microcontroller
NXP LPC2194/01 clocked with 60 MHz
Add-on memory
32 kByte, EEPROM Atmel AT24C32B (via I2C)
CAN
High-speed CAN ISO 11898-2
Transceiver NXP TJA1040T
Bit rates 40 kbit/s - 1 Mbit/s
(lower bit rates on request)
No termination
RS-232
RxD and TxD serial connections with RS-232 levels
Digital input (Din)
Low-active, max. level Ub
Digital output (Dout)
Low-side switch, max. 60 V/0.7 A
Status indication
Duo LED
Connectors
Screw terminal block, 10-pin, pitch 3.5 mm
(Phoenix Contact MC 1,5/10-ST-3,5 - 1840447)
Power supply
Supply voltage (Ub)
8 - 30 V DC
Current consumption
max. 70 mA at 12 V
Measures
Size
Casing:
68 x 57 x 21 mm (W x D x H)
Circuit board: 51 x 54 mm (W x D)
See also dimension drawings in Appendix A on page 25
Weight
36 g
Environment
Operating temperature
-40 - +85 °C (-40 - +185 °F)
Temperature for storage -40 - +85 °C (-40 - +185 °F)
and transport
Relative humidity
15 - 90 %, not condensing
EMC
Directive 2014/30/EU
EN 61326-1:2013-07
Ingress protection
(IEC 60529)
IP20
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Appendix A
CE Certificate
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Appendix B
Dimension Drawings
The figures do not show the actual size of the product.
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PCAN-RS-232 – User Manual
Appendix C
Port Assignment of
the Microcontroller
The following table lists the used inputs and outputs (ports) of the
LPC2194/01 microcontroller (μC) and their function in the PCAN-RS232 converter. It is meant as supplemental information. The converter's functionality is implemented by the supplied library.
Note: Get additional information about the LPC2194/01 microcontroller on the homepage of NXP (www.nxp.com).
1
Active Function/connection 1
(μC)
Port
I/O
μC function
Signal
P0.0
O
TxD UART0
TxD0
Serial communication,
Transmit, STB:10 (RS-232
levels)
P0.1
I
RxD UART0
RxD0
Serial communication,
Receive, STB:9 (RS-232 levels)
P0.2
I, O SCL
SCL
P0.3
I, O SDA
SDA
I2C bus to the
Atmel AT24C256B EEPROM
P0.4
I
Port pin
ID0
High
P0.5
I
Port pin
ID1
High
P0.6
I
Port pin
ID2
High
P0.7
I
Port pin
ID3
High
P0.12
O
Port pin
P0.13
I, O Port pin
P0.14
I
STB:n
J4/5:n
JPx
Port pin
Coding solder jumpers on
board (ID 0 - 3), bridged = Low
Reserved
/Boot_ser
Low
Activate flashing via serial
interface, JP4
Terminal n on the screw terminal block
Pin n of the respective connector panel on the circuit board
Jumper position on the circuit board (set = active)
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2
3
Port
I/O
μC function
Signal
Active Function/connection 1
(μC)
P0.15
I
Port pin
/Boot_CAN
Low
Activate flashing via CAN with
500 kbit/s, STB:7 (due to wiring
High-active)
P0.17
O
Port pin
V24_en
High
Deactivate the RS-232
component by Low level
(activated by default);
possibility for energy saving
P0.19
I
Port pin
Switch
High
Digital input Din, STB:6 (due to
wiring Low-active)
P0.22
O
Port pin
CAN_en_1
Low
Activate the CAN transceiver 2
P0.25
I
RD1
CAN_RxD
CAN receive
TD1
O
TD1
CAN_TxD
CAN transmit
P0.28
I
Analog input
V-Power1
Measure voltage Ub, maximum
value (0x03FF) corresponds to
33.1 V
P0.29
I
Analog input
Lies on GND
P0.30
I
Analog input
Lies on 1.8 V (microcontroller
supply)
P1.16
O3
Port pin
Low
LED red
P1.17
O3
Port pin
Low
LED green
P1.21
O
Port pin
Low
Digital output Dout, STB:5
(Low-side switch)
P1.26
JTAG interface
RTCK
Debugging, J5:9
P1.27
JTAG interface
TDO
Debugging, J5:7
P1.28
JTAG interface
TDI
Debugging, J5:8
P1.29
JTAG interface
TCK
Debugging, J5:5
P1.30
JTAG interface
TMS
Debugging, J5:6
P1.31
JTAG interface
TRST
Debugging, J5:10
After resetting the microcontroller, the CAN transceiver is deactivated and must be
reactivated to use it.
It may occur that the LED glows slightly when the output is inactive. If you would
like to prevent this, your firmware must change the port type to input (I). Before
switching on the LED again, the respective port type must be set to output (O).
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