owner`s manual - Gibbys Electronic Supermarket

OWNER’S MANUAL
600W 6-Channel Amplifier
Thank you for purchasing a JL Audio amplifier for
your automotive sound system.
Your amplifier has been designed and manufactured to exacting
standards in order to ensure years of musical enjoyment in your vehicle.
For maximum performance, we highly recommend that you have
your new amplifier installed by an authorized JL Audio dealer. Your
authorized dealer has the training, expertise and installation equipment
to ensure optimum performance from this product. Should you
decide to install the amplifier yourself, please take the time
to read this manual thoroughly to familiarize yourself
with its installation requirements and setup procedures.
If you have any questions regarding the instructions in this
manual or any aspect of your amplifier’s operation, please contact your
authorized JL Audio dealer for assistance. If you need further assistance,
please call the JL Audio Technical Support Department
at (954) 443–1100 during business hours.
PROTECT YOUR HEARING!
We value you as a long-term customer. For
that reason, we urge you to practice restraint in
the operation of this product so as not to damage
your hearing and that of others in your vehicle.
Studies have shown that continuous exposure to
high sound pressure levels can lead to permanent
(irreparable) hearing loss. This and all other
high-power amplifiers are capable of producing
such high sound pressure levels when connected
to a speaker system. Please limit your continuous
exposure to high volume levels.
While driving, operate your audio system in
a manner that still allows you to hear necessary
noises to operate your vehicle safely (horns,
sirens, etc.).
INSTALLATION APPLICATIONS
This amplifier is designed for operation in
vehicles with 12 volt, negative-ground electrical
systems. Use of this product in vehicles with
positive ground and/or voltages other than 12V
may result in damage to the product and will void
the warranty.
This product is not certified or approved for
use in aircraft.
Do not attempt to “bridge” the outputs of this
amplifier with the outputs of a second amplifier,
including an identical one.
SERIAL NUMBER
In the event that your amplifier requires
service or is ever stolen, you will need to have
a record of the product’s serial number. Please
take the time to enter that number in the space
provided below. The serial number can be found
on the bottom panel of the amplifier and on the
amplifier packaging.
Serial Number:
Input
Voltage
(pg. 7)
Turn-On
Mode
(pg. 6)
2 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
Input
Ch. 1 & 2 Filter Ch. 3 & 4
Ch. 3 & 4 Filter Ch. 5 & 6
Ch. 5 & 6 Filter
Ch. 1 & 2
Mode
Frequency Filter Mode
Frequency Filter Mode
Frequency
Filter Mode
Switch
Selector
Selector
Selector
Selection
Selection
Selection
(pg. 7)
(pg. 8)
(pg. 8)
(pg. 8)
(pg. 8)
(pg. 8)
(pg. 8)
Status
Remote Level
Ch. 1 & 2 Input
Ch. 3 & 4 Input
Ch. 5 & 6 Input
LED
Mode Switch
Sensitivity Control
Sensitivity Control
Sensitivity Control
(pg. 11)
(pg. 9)
(pg. 7)
(pg. 7)
(pg. 7)
PLANNING YOUR INSTALLATION
It is important that you take the time to
read this manual and that you plan out your
installation carefully. The following are some
considerations that you must take into account
when planning your installation.
Cooling Efficiency Considerations:
The outer shell of your JL Audio amplifier
is designed to remove heat from the amplifier
circuitry. For optimum cooling performance,
this outer shell should be exposed to the
largest possible volume of air. Enclosing the
amplifier in a small, poorly ventilated chamber
can lead to excessive heat build-up and degraded
performance. If an installation calls for an
enclosure around the amplifier, we recommend
that this enclosure be ventilated with the aid
of a fan. In normal applications, fan-cooling is
not necessary.
Chassis Ground
Channels 1 & 2
Channels 5 & 6
Connector
Preamp Input Jacks Preamp Input Jacks
(pg. 5)
(pg. 7)
(pg. 7)
Jack for
Remote Level
+12 V Power
Remote Turn-On
Channels 3 & 4
Control Knob
Preamp Input Jacks
Connector
Connector
(pg. 9)
(pg. 5)
(pg. 6)
(pg. 7)
Mounting the amplifier upside down is
strongly discouraged. If mounting the amplifier
under a seat, make sure there is at least 1 inch
(2.5 cm) of space above the amplifier’s outer
shell to permit proper cooling.
Safety Considerations:
Your amplifier needs to be installed in a dry,
well-ventilated environment and in a manner
which does not interfere with your vehicle’s safety
equipment (air bags, seat belt systems, ABS brake
systems, etc.). You should also take the time to
securely mount the amplifier so that it does not
come loose in the event of a collision or a sudden
jolt to the vehicle.
Stupid Mistakes to Avoid
• Check before drilling any holes in your vehicle
to make sure that you will not be drilling
through a gas tank, brake line, wiring harness or
other vital vehicle system.
• Do not run system wiring outside or underneath
the vehicle. This is an extremely dangerous
practice which can result in severe damage to
your vehicle and person.
• Protect all system wires from sharp metal edges
and wear by carefully routing them, tying
them down and using grommets and loom
where appropriate.
• Do not mount the amplifier in the engine
compartment, under the vehicle, on the roof or
in any other area that will expose the amplifier
circuitry to the elements.
Channels 1 & 2
Speaker Outputs
(pg. 10)
Channels 3 & 4
Speaker Outputs
(pg. 10)
Channels 5 & 6
Speaker Outputs
(pg. 10)
3
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The JL Audio XD600/6v2 is a six-channel, fullrange audio amplifier utilizing JL Audio NexD™
ultra-high speed switching technology to deliver
outstanding fidelity and efficiency.
The XD600/6v2 can be operated with a wide
variety of source units and system configurations.
TYPICAL INSTALLATION SEQUENCE
The following represents the sequence
for a typical amplifier installation, using an
aftermarket source unit or OEM Interface
processor (like the CleanSweep CL441dsp).
Additional steps and different procedures may
be required in some applications. If you have any
questions, please contact your authorized
JL Audio dealer for assistance.
1) Disconnect the negative battery post
connection and secure the disconnected cable
to prevent accidental reconnection during
installation. This step is not optional.
2) Run 4 AWG power wire from the battery
location to the amplifier mounting location,
taking care to route it in such a way that it will
not be damaged and will not interfere with
vehicle operation. Use 2 AWG or larger power
wire and a fused power distribution block if
additional amplifiers are being installed with
the XD600/6v2.
3) Connect the power wire to the positive battery
post. Fuse the wire with an appropriate fuse
block (and connectors) within 18 inches (45
cm) wire length of the positive battery post.
This fuse is essential to protect the vehicle.
Do not install the fuse until the power wire
has been securely connected to the amplifier.
4) Run signal cables and remote turn-on wire
from the source unit to the final amplifier
mounting location.
5) Run speaker cables from the speaker systems
to the amplifier mounting location.
4 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
6) Find a good, solid metal grounding point
close to the amplifier and connect the
negative power wire to it using appropriate
hardware (use of the JL Audio ECS master
ground lug, XB-MGLU is recommended). Use
4 AWG wire, no longer than 36 inches (90 cm)
from the amplifier to the ground connection
point. In some vehicles, it may be necessary to
upgrade the battery ground wire. (See page 5
for important notice).
7) Securely mount the amplifier.
8) Connect the positive and negative
power wires to the amplifier. A fuse
near the amplifier is not necessary if
the XD600/6v2 is the only device being
run from the fused main power wire.
If the fused main power wire is shared
by the XD600/6v2 and other amplifiers
or devices, fuse each amplifier/device
within 12 inches (30 cm) of wire length,
via a fused distribution block or multiple
individual fuse blocks/on-board fuses.
9) Connect the remote turn-on wire to the
amplifier or configure the “Turn-On Mode”
switch for automatic turn-on.
10) Connect the input cables to the amplifier.
11) Connect the speaker cables to the amplifier.
12) Carefully review the amplifier’s control
settings to make sure that they are set
according to the needs of the system.
13) Install the power wire fuse (50A for a single
XD600/6v2) and reconnect the negative
battery post terminal. Install the fuse (50A)
near the amplifier (if applicable).
14) Turn on the source unit at a low level to
double-check that the amplifier is configured
correctly. Resist the temptation to crank it up
until you have verified the control settings.
15) Make necessary adjustments to the input
sensitivity controls to obtain the right
overall output and the desired balance in the
system. See Appendix A (page 14) for the
recommended input sensitivity
setting method.
16) Enjoy the fruits of your labor with your
favorite music.
POWER CONNECTIONS
Before installing the amplifier, disconnect the
negative (ground) wire from the vehicle’s battery.
This will prevent accidental damage to the system,
the vehicle and your body during installation.
The 600/6v2’s “+12 VDC” and “Ground”
connections are designed to accept 4 AWG
power wire. 4 AWG is the required wire size for
this amplifier.
If you are installing the XD600/6v2 with other
amplifiers and wish to use a single main power
wire, use 2 AWG or 1/0 AWG main power wire
(depending on the overall current demands of all
the amplifiers in the system). This 2 AWG or
1/0 AWG power wire should terminate into a
fused distribution block mounted as close to
the amplifiers as possible (within 12 inches
/ 30cm of wire length). The fused output of
the distribution block will connect to the
XD600/6v2 with 4 AWG power wire. JL Audio
ECS fused distribution blocks are recommended
(XD-FDBU-2 and XD-FDBU-4)
Note: Smaller AWG numbers mean bigger wire
and vice-versa (1/0 AWG is the largest, 2 AWG is
smaller, then 4 AWG, then 8 AWG, etc.).
To connect the power wires to the amplifier,
first back out the set screw on the top of the
terminal block, using the supplied 2.5 mm hex
wrench. Strip 1/2 inch (12 mm) of insulation from
the end of each wire and insert the bare wire into
the terminal block, seating it firmly so that no
bare wire is exposed. While holding the wire in
place, tighten the set screw firmly, taking care not
to strip the head of the screw.
The ground connection should be made
using 4 AWG wire and should be kept as short
as possible, while accessing a solid piece of sheet
metal in the vehicle. The surface of the sheet
metal should be sanded at the contact point to
create a clean, metal-to-metal connection between
the chassis and the termination of the ground
wire. For optimal grounding, we recommend
the use of a JL Audio ECS master ground lug
(XB-MGLU). Alternatively, a sheet metal screw or
bolt can be used with a star washer.
Any wires run through metal barriers (such
as firewalls), must be protected with a high
quality rubber grommet to prevent damage to the
insulation of the wire. Failure to do so may result
in a dangerous short circuit.
Many vehicles employ small (10 AWG 6 AWG) wire to ground the battery to the
vehicle chassis and to connect the alternator’s
positive connection to the battery. To prevent
voltage drops, these wires should be upgraded
to 4 AWG when installing amplifier systems
with main fuse ratings above 60A.
FUSE REQUIREMENTS
It is absolutely vital that the main power
wire(s) to the amplifier(s) in the system be
fused within 18 inches (45 cm) of the positive
battery post connection. The fuse value at each
power wire should be high enough for all of the
equipment being run from that power wire. If
only the XD600/6v2 is being run from that power
wire, use a 50A fuse.
If fusing the amplifier near its power
connections (when more than one amp is being
run from the main power wire), use a 50A fuse
(MAXI™ big plastic-body fuse is recommended).
5
TURN-ON OPTIONS
The XD600/6v2 can be switched on and off
using one of three methods, determined by the
position of the amplifier’s “Turn-On Mode”
switch. Please read these options and decide
which is best suited for your specific system.
1) +12V remote turn-on lead
2) Signal-sensing turn-on circuit.
3) DC offset-sensing turn-on circuit
+12 V Remote Turn-On: This is the preferred
method for turning the amplifier on/off. The
amplifier will turn on when +12 V is present at
its “Remote” input and turn off when +12 V is
switched off. This +12 V remote turn-on signal
is typically controlled by a source unit’s remote
turn-on wire. The XD600/6v2’s “Remote” turnon connector will accept 18 AWG – 12 AWG
wire. To connect the remote turn-on wire to
the amplifier, first back out the set screw on the
top of the terminal block, using the supplied 2.5
mm hex wrench. Strip 1/2 inch (12mm) of wire
and insert the bare wire into the terminal block,
seating it firmly so that no bare wire is exposed.
While holding the wire in the terminal, tighten
the set screw firmly, taking care not to strip the
head of the screw and making sure that the wire
is firmly gripped by the set screw.
If a source unit does not have a dedicated
remote turn-on output, consider one of the
following alternative turn-on options:
These methods are useful when a conventional
+12 V remote turn-on signal is not available in a
system. These allow you to operate the amplifier
6 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
without having to locate a remote turn-on lead at
the source unit, which can be very useful when
interfacing the amplifier with OEM (factory)
audio systems that do not use conventional +12 V
turn-on leads.
Depending on the characteristics of the audio
signal, one of the following methods may work
better than the other. We recommend trying DC
Offset-Sensing first as it does not require a long
delay to turn the system off after the signal is
shut off.
DC Offset-Sensing: The amplifier will turn on
and off by detecting the presence of a very small
DC signal (offset) that is typical in the audio
output of most OEM (factory) source units and
amplifiers. The amplifier will turn on and off in
reaction to the presence or absence of this DC
Offset. The sensitivity of this circuit is designed
for high-level (speaker level) signals, not for lowlevel (preamp level) signals. The circuit senses
the left-channel signal only.
Signal-Sensing: The amplifier will turn on
and off by detecting the presence of a full-range
audio signal at its left-channel input. After
approximately 30 seconds, the amplifier will shut
off. The sensitivity of this circuit is designed for
high-level (speaker level) signals, not for low-level
(preamp level) signals. The circuit is tuned to
react to signals at mid-range frequencies. This
prevents false switching from signals created by
moving loudspeakers that are in parallel with the
amplifier’s input signal.
In signal sensing and DC offset sensing
applications, the amplifier’s “Remote” turn-on
terminal becomes a remote turn-on output.
This allows the XD600/6v2 to turn on other
amplifiers in the audio system that do not have
signal sensing or DC offset sensing. Of course
the XD600/6v2 must be the first amplifier in the
signal path for this to function properly.
INPUT SECTION
The XD600/6v2’s input section allows you to
send signals to the amplifier section through the
use of two, four or six differential-balanced inputs.
Input connections are via up to three pairs of
traditional RCA-type jacks.
“Low”: for preamp level signals
“High”: for speaker level signals
If you wish to send six discrete channels into
the XD600/6, simply use all six inputs and set the
“Input Mode” switch in the “6 Ch.” position.
If you wish to feed all six channels by using
only four channels of input, set the “Input
Mode” switch in the to “4 Ch.” and use only
the inputs to channels 1, 2, 3 & 4. In this mode,
channels 5 & 6 will operate with a sum of the 1 &
3 and 2 & 4 input signals, respectively.
If you wish to feed all six channels by using
two channels of full-range input plus two
channels of low-frequency input (subwoofer
output from the source unit), first set the
“Input Mode” switch to “6 Ch.”. Next, it will
be necessary to split the full-range signals with
y-adaptors and feed these signals into the inputs
to channels 1 & 2 and 3 & 4. The dedicated
subwoofer signal will be sent to channels 5 & 6.
If you wish to use only two channels of
input to deliver signal to all six amplifier
channels, set the “Input Mode” switch to “2
Ch.” and use only the inputs to channels 1 &
2. In this mode, Channels 3 & 5 will operate
with the channel 1 signal and channels 4 &
6 will operate with the Channel 2 signal.
This switch affects all of the channels of the
amplifier equally. The “Low” position on the
“Input Voltage” switch selects an input sensitivity
range between 200mV and 2V. This means that
the “Input Sens.” rotary controls will operate
within that voltage window. If you are using
an aftermarket source unit, with conventional
preamp level outputs, this is the position you
should select.
The “High” position on the “Input Voltage”
switch selects an input sensitivity range between
800mV and 8V. This is useful for certain highoutput preamp level signals as well as speaker
level output from source units and small
amplifiers. To use speaker level sources, splice the
speaker output wires of the source unit or small
amplifier onto a pair of RCA cables or plugs,
or use the JL Audio ECS Speaker Wire to RCA
adaptor (XD-CLRAIC2-SW).
Line output converters are usually not needed
with the XD600/6v2. If you find that the output
cannot be reduced sufficiently with a direct
speaker level signal applied to the amplifier and
the “Input Voltage” switch in its “High” position,
you may use a line output converter or voltage
divider to reduce the signal level.
INPUT SENSITIVITY CONTROLS
The control labeled “Input Sens.” can be used
to match the source unit’s output voltage to the
input stage of the XD600/6v2 for maximum clean
output. Rotating the control clockwise will result
in higher sensitivity (louder for a given input
voltage). Rotating the control counter-clockwise
will result in lower sensitivity (quieter for a given
input voltage).
Input Voltage Range:
Input Voltage Range: A wide range of signal
input voltages can be accommodated by the
XD600/6v2’s input section (200mV – 8V). This
wide range is split up into two sub-ranges,
accessible via the “Input Voltage” switch:
7
To properly set the amplifier for maximum
clean output, please refer to Appendix A (page
14) in this manual. After using this procedure,
you can then adjust the “Input Sens.” levels
downward if this is required to achieve the
desired system balance.
Do not increase any “Input Sens.” setting for
any channel(s) of any amplifier in the system
beyond the maximum level established during
the procedure outlined in Appendix A (page 14).
Doing so will result in audible distortion and
possible speaker damage.
FILTER CONTROLS
Most speakers are not designed to reproduce
the full range of frequencies audible by the human
ear. For this reason, most speaker systems are
comprised of multiple speakers, each dedicated
to reproducing a specific frequency range. Filters
are used to select which frequency range is sent
to each section of a speaker system. The division
of frequency ranges to different speakers can be
done with passive filters (coils and/or capacitors
between the amplifier outputs and the speakers),
which are acceptable and commonly used
for filtering between mid-range speakers and
tweeters. Filtering between subwoofer systems
and satellite speaker systems is best done with
active filters, which cut off frequency content at
the input to the amplifier. Active filters are more
stable than passive filters and do not introduce
extraneous resistance, which can degrade
subwoofer performance.
The active filter built into each channel section
of the XD600/6v2 can be used to eliminate
potentially harmful and/or undesired frequencies
from making their way through the amplifier
sections to the speaker(s). This serves to improve
tonal balance and to avoid distortion and possible
speaker failure. Correct use of these filters can
substantially increase the longevity and fidelity of
your audio system.
8 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
1) “Filter Mode” Controls: The XD600/6v2
employs 12dB per octave filters for each
pair of channels. Each of these filters can be
controlled or defeated completely by way of the
three-position “Filter Mode” switches in each
Channel Section:
“Off”: Defeats the filter completely, allowing
the full range of frequencies present at the
inputs to feed these channels. This is useful for
systems utilizing outboard active crossovers
or requiring full-range reproduction from this
channel pair.
“LP” (Low-Pass): Configures the filter to
attenuate frequencies above the indicated filter
frequency, at a rate of 12dB per octave. This
is useful for connection of subwoofers to one
or more of the XD600/6v2’s channel pairs in a
bi-amplified system.
“HP” (High-Pass): Configures the filter to
attenuate frequencies below the indicated filter
frequency at a rate of 12dB per octave. This is
useful for connection of component speakers
or coaxials to one or more of the XD600/6v2’s
channel pairs in a bi-amplified system.
2) “Filter Freq. (Hz)” The filter frequency
markings surrounding these rotary controls
(one in each Channel Section) are for reference
purposes and are generally accurate to within
1/3 octave or better. If you would like to select
the filter cutoff frequency with a higher level
of precision, consult the chart in Appendix B
(page 15).
Tuning Hint: If you are using the XD600/6v2
to drive a subwoofer system (“LP” mode), and
component satellite speaker systems (“HP”
mode), 80 Hz is a good baseline “Filter Freq.
(Hz)” setting. After properly adjusting the “Input
Sens.”, as outlined in Appendix A (page 14), you
can fine tune the “Filter Freq. (Hz)” control to
achieve the desired system frequency response.
REMOTE LEVEL CONTROL (OPTIONAL)
“Remote Level Mode” Switch: This switch
allows you to assign the operation of the
HD-RLC to one, two or all three pairs of
channels. In the “All” position, the HD-RLC
knob will affect all three channel pairs equally.
In the “3-6” (middle) position, only the level
of channels 3, 4, 5 and 6 will be affected by the
HD-RLC knob (channels 1 & 2 will not).
In the “5&6” position, only the level of
channels 5 and 6 will be affected by the HD-RLC
knob (channels 1 through 4 will not).
With the addition of the optional Remote
Level Control (HD-RLC), you can control the
volume of one, two or all three channel pairs of
the XD600/6v2 from the front of the vehicle. This
is useful for subwoofer level control, rear channel
level control, center channel level control or even
as a master volume control for the system.
The HD-RLC connects to the jack labeled
“Remote Level Control” on the Connection
Panel of the amplifier using a standard telephone
cable (supplied with the HD-RLC). If desired,
multiple XD (and HD) amplifiers can be
controlled from a single HD-RLC controller using
a single-line, four-wire phone line splitter and
multiple phone cables.
When connected to the amplifier, the HD-RLC
operates as follows: At full counter-clockwise
rotation, the audio will mute completely. At full
clockwise rotation the level will be the same as if
the HD-RLC was not connected at all. In other
words, it operates strictly as a level attenuator.
9
SPEAKER OUTPUTS
The XD600/6v2’s speaker outputs are designed
to accept 16 AWG - 8 AWG wire. To connect the
speaker wires to the amplifier, first back out the
set screws on the top of the terminal block, using
the supplied 2.5 mm hex wrench. Strip 1/2 inch
(12 mm) of insulation from the end of each wire
and insert the bare wire into the terminal block,
seating it firmly so that no bare wire is exposed.
While holding the wire in place, tighten the set
screw firmly, taking care not to strip the head of
the screw.
Each pair of the XD600/6v2’s channels
are designed to deliver power into speaker
loads equal to or greater than 2 ohms when
using a “stereo” configuration and speaker
loads equal to or greater than 4 ohms
when using a “bridged” configuration.
Speaker loads below 2 ohms nominal
per channel (or 4 ohms bridged) are
not recommended and may cause the
amplifier to initiate a protection mode
which reduces power output.
BRIDGING CONSIDERATIONS
Bridging is the practice of combining the
output of two amplifier channels to drive a single
load. When bridged, each channel produces
signals of equal magnitude, but opposite polarity.
The combined output of the two channels
provides twice the output voltage available from a
single channel. The XD600/6v2 has been designed
for bridging of its main channel pairs without the
need for input inversion adaptors.
To bridge a pair of channels, use the “Left +”
and “Right –” speaker connectors only (the
“Left –” and “Right +” remain unused). When
bridged, each channel will deliver optimum
power into a 4 ohm load.
10 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
When a pair of channels are bridged, they
will deliver 200W x 1 into a 4 ohm load or
150W x 1 into an 8 ohm load. Operating a
pair of bridged channels into a load lower
than 4 ohms is not recommended.
A bridged pair of channels requires that both
channels in the pair receive input. You must
connect the mono or stereo source signal to
both the left and right inputs of the bridged
channel pair. Connection of only one input
will result in reduced power output, increased
distortion and can cause the amplifier to
overheat. Do not do this!
When a pair of the XD600/6v2’s channels are
operating in bridged mode, the output will be in
mono (only one channel). This mono channel can
contain only right channel information, only left
channel information, or the sum of the signals
from right and left input channels. In order to
achieve one of these options, configure the inputs
to that pair of channels in one of these two ways:
1) Left Channel Only or Right Channel Only
Information: If you wish to send a left-only or
right-only signal to a pair of the XD600/6v2’s
channels you must use a “Y-Adaptor” to split
the single channel signal into both left and
right RCA inputs of the bridged channel pair.
This option is used when deploying a pair of
the XD600/6v2’s channels to drive left channel
speakers only and anothe other pair of the
XD600/6v2’s channels to drive right channel
speakers only.
2) Left + Right Channel Information: When
bridged and fed by a stereo source signal, a
bridged pair of the XD600/6v2’s channels will
automatically combine the left and right input
signals into a summed mono (left + right)
input signal.
STATUS LED / PROTECTION CIRCUITRY
There is a single multi-color LED on the top
surface of the amplifier to indicate the amplifier’s
operating status.
Ò
5) LED off / Amplifier Shuts Off Unexpectedly
The only condition that will shut down an
undamaged XD600/6v2 completely is if battery
voltage or remote turn-on voltage drops below
10 volts. The “Status LED” will turn off when
this occurs. The amplifier will turn back on
when voltage climbs back above 11 volts. If
this is happening in your system, have your
charging system and power wiring inspected.
For more information on troubleshooting this
amplifier, refer to Appendix D (pages 16, 17).
1) Flashing Green: The amplifier is powering up,
audio output is muted.
2) Constant Green: The amplifier is on and
functioning normally, audio output is active.
3) Constant Red: lights to indicate that the
amplifier has exceeded its safe operating
temperature, putting the amplifier into a
self-protection mode, which reduces the
peak power output of the amplifier. When
its temperature returns to a safe level, the red
light will return to green and the amplifier will
return to full-power operating mode.
4) Constant Amber (Yellow): Indicates that
an over-current condition has occurred
and is accompanied by a muting of the
amplifier’s output. Because the muting
behavior may be very short in duration, it
may manifest itself as an audible, repetitive
ticking or thumping noise in the output.
Over-current conditions can be caused by a
speaker impedance lower than the optimum
load impedance range for the amplifier or
a short-circuit in the speaker wiring. The
latter can result from a short circuit between
the positive and negative speaker wires or
between either speaker wire and the vehicle
chassis. The “Status LED” will remain amber
for a few seconds, even if the over-current
condition is of a very short duration.
SERVICING YOUR JL AUDIO AMPLIFIER
If your amplifier fails or malfunctions, please
return it to your authorized JL Audio dealer so
that it may be sent in to JL Audio for service.
There are no user serviceable parts or fuses inside
the amplifier. The unique nature of the circuitry
in the JL Audio amplifiers requires specifically
trained service personnel. Do not attempt
to service the amplifier yourself or through
unauthorized repair facilities. This will not only
void the warranty, but may result in the creation of
more problems within the amplifier.
If you have any questions about the installation or
setup of the amplifier that have not been covered
in this manual, please contact your dealer or
technical support.
JL Audio Technical Support:
(954) 443-1100
9:00 AM – 5:30 PM (Eastern Time Zone)
Monday - Friday
11
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS
The XD600/6v2 is a flexible amplifier, wellsuited for a multitude of system configurations.
In this section, the most likely configurations are
explained in detail.
Once you have selected your desired
configuration, you can use the amplifier panel
drawing on pages 18 & 19 to mark the required
switch positions for easy reference.
BI-AMPLIFIED SYSTEMS
Bi-amplified systems are defined as systems
in which separate amplifier channels drive lowfrequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) speakers
and are separately filtered to send appropriate
frequency ranges to each speaker system.
The most common application of
bi-amplification in mobile audio is to drive a
subwoofer system from one or more amplifiers or
channels and component speakers from separate
amplifiers or channels.
The XD600/6v2 is designed to work as the only
amplifier in a bi-amplified system.
Bi-Amplified System with the XD600/6
In this configuration, channels 5&6 of the
XD600/6v2 will drive subwoofers (stereo 75W x 2
at 4 ohms, 100W x 2 at 2 ohms, or bridged 200W
x 1 at 4 ohms) with low-pass filtering. Channels
1&2 and channels 3&4 will drive component
speakers in stereo (75W x 4 at 4 ohms or 100W x
2 at 2 ohms) with high-pass filtering.
Input connection options for a bi-amplified system
with one XD600/6v2 are as follows:
A) No User Adjustability:
Required: a basic source unit or processor
with one pair of stereo outputs.
Input Connections: a single pair of stereo source
unit outputs is connected to the “Ch 1” and “Ch
2” inputs of the XD600/6v2. Then, select “2 ch.”
on the 600/6v2’s “Input Mode” switch.
Result: the relative level of the LF and HF
channels will be fixed by the 600/6v2’s “Input
Sens.” settings and will not be user adjustable
from the front of the vehicle (unless an
optional HD-RLC is connected the “Remote
Level Control” port and used as a subwoofer
level control).
12 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
B) Fade Front vs. Rear with no Subwoofer
Level Control:
Required: a basic source unit or processor with
two pairs of stereo outputs.
Input Connections: one pair of stereo source unit
outputs is connected to the “CH 1 (Left)” and
“CH 2 (Right)” inputs and the second pair
of stereo source unit outputs is connected
to the “CH 3 (Left)” and “CH 4 (Right)”
inputs of the XD600/6v2 (select “4 Ch.” on the
“Input Mode” switch in the “Channel 5 & 6
Controls” section).
Result: the relative level of the LF and HF
channels will be fixed by the 600/6v2’s “Input
Sens.” settings and will not be user adjustable
from the front of the vehicle, but the user will
be able to fade the signal from front to rear.
An optional HD-RLC can be connected the
“Remote Level Control” port and used as a
subwoofer level control, if desired.
C) Fade Subwoofer Level vs. HF Level:
Required: a basic source unit or processor with
two pairs of stereo outputs.
Input Connections: the first stereo pair of source
unit outputs each split with a “Y-Adaptor”
allowing the left signal to be sent to the “CH
1 (Left)” and “CH 3 (Left)” inputs and the
right signal to be sent to the “CH 2 (Right)”
and “CH 4 (Right)” inputs of the XD600/6v2.
The second stereo pair of source unit outputs
is connected to the “CH 5 (Left)” and “CH 6
(Right)” inputs (select “6 Ch.” on the “Input
Mode” switch).
Result: in this mode, the user has the ability to
fade or control the level of the LF channels
relative to the HF channels via the source
unit’s fader control without exceeding the
maximum clean output level set by each
amplifier section’s “Input Sens.” controls.
D) Subwoofer Level Control Only:
Required: a source unit or processor with
one pair of stereo outputs and dedicated
subwoofer outputs.
Input Connections: the stereo pair of source
unit outputs each split with a “Y-Adaptor”
allowing the left signal to be sent to the “CH 1
(Left)” and “CH 3 (Left)” inputs and the right
signal to be sent to the “CH 2 (Right)” and
“CH 4 (Right)” inputs of the XD600/6v2. The
source unit’s dedicated subwoofer outputs are
connected to the “CH 5 (Left)” and
“CH 6 (Right)” inputs (select “6 Ch.” on the
“Input Mode” switch in the “Channel 5 & 6
Controls” section).
Result: in this mode, the user has the ability to
control the absolute level of the LF channels
relative to the HF channels.
Crossover Setup for Bi-Amplified System
with one XD600/6v2:
Once the input sections have been configured
appropriately, go to the “Channel 5 & 6
Controls”. Select “LP” (low-pass) on the “Filter
Mode” switch and an appropriate “Filter Freq.”
(80 Hz is a good starting point).
Next, turn your attention to the “Channel 1 &
2 Controls” and “Channel 3 & 4 Controls” and
select “HP” (high-pass) on the “Filter Mode”
switches and an appropriate “Filter Freq.” (again,
80 Hz is a good starting point).
After proper adjustment of the “Input
Sens.” controls for all three channel pairs
using the method shown in Appendix A
(page 14), you can fine tune filter frequencies
and attenuate any pair of channels to achieve
proper balance. For precise filter frequency
information refer to Appendix B (page 15).
E) Independent level control of all three
channel pairs:
Required: a source unit or processor with
two pairs of stereo outputs and dedicated
subwoofer outputs.
Input Connections: one pair of stereo source
unit outputs is connected to the “CH 1 (Left)”
and “CH 2 (Right)” inputs, the second pair of
stereo source unit outputs is connected to the
“CH 3 (Left)” and “CH 4 (Right)” inputs and
the source unit’s dedicated subwoofer output
is connected to the “CH 5 (Left)” and “CH 6
(Right)” inputs (select “6 Ch.” on the “Input
Mode” switch.
Result: in this mode, the user has the ability to
control the absolute level of the LF channels as
well as both pairs of HF channels.
When using a source unit’s dedicated
subwoofer output, set the “Input Sens.” of any
channels receiving input from the subwoofer
output with the source unit’s subwoofer level
control set at 3/4 of full output. See Appendix A
(page 14) for details.
13
APPENDIX A:
Input Sensitivity Level Setting
Following the directions below will allow the
installer to adjust the input sensitivity of each
amplifier channel pair simply and easily in just a
few minutes using equipment which is commonly
available in installation bays.
Necessary Equipment
• Digital AC Voltmeter
• CD with a sine-wave test tone recorded at
0 dB reference level in the frequency range
to be amplified for that set of channels
(50 Hz for subwoofer channels, 1 kHz for a
midrange application). Do not use attenuated
test tones (-10 dB, -20 dB, etc.).
The Nine-Step Procedure
1) Disconnect the speaker(s) from the amplifier’s
speaker output connectors.
2) Turn off all processing (bass/treble, loudness,
EQ, etc.) on the source unit, processors (if
used) and amplifier. Set the fader control to
center position and the subwoofer level control
to 3/4 of maximum (if used to feed
the XD600/6v2).
3) Switch the “Input Voltage” switch to “Low”
and turn all three “Input Sens.” controls all the
way down.
4) Set the source unit volume to 3/4 of full
volume. This will allow for reasonable gain
overlap with moderate clipping at full volume.
5) Using the chart on this page, determine the
target voltage for input sensitivity adjustment
according to the nominal impedance of the
speaker system connected to the amplifier
outputs.
6) Verify that you have disconnected the speakers
before proceeding. Play a track with an
appropriate sine wave (within the frequency
range to be amplified by the XD600/6v2) at 3/4
source unit volume.
7) Connect the AC voltmeter to the speaker
output connectors of the amplifier. Make sure
you test the voltage at the correct connectors
14 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
(+ and –).
8) Increase the “Input Sens.” control until the
target voltage is observed with the voltmeter.
9) Once you have adjusted each channel
section on the XD600/6v2 to its maximum
low-distortion output level, reconnect the
speaker(s). The “Input Sens.” controls can now
be adjusted downward if the amplifier requires
attenuation to achieve the desired system
balance.
Do not increase any “Input Sens.” setting for
any amplifier channel or channel pair in the
system beyond the maximum level established
during this procedure. Doing so will result in
audible distortion and possible speaker damage.
It will be necessary to re-adjust the “Input
Sens.” if any equalizer boost is activated after
setting the “Input Sens.” with this procedure.
This applies to any EQ boost circuit, including
source unit tone controls or EQ circuits. EQ cuts
will not require re-adjustment.
Nom.
Impedance
Target AC Voltage
Stereo
Bridged
8Ω
17.3 V
34.6 V
4Ω
17.3 V
28.2 V
2Ω
14.1 V
not recommended
APPENDIX B:
Precise Frequency Selection Chart
“FILTER FREQ”
Detent
Panel
Actual
Number
Marking
Freq.
Full counter-clockwise: 49
01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
02 . . . . . . . . . . . “50” . . . . . . . . . . . .49
03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
07 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
08 . . . . . . . . . . . “60” . . . . . . . . . . . .57
09 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
16 . . . . . . . . . . . “80” . . . . . . . . . . . .76
17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
20 . . . . . . . “12 o’clock” . . . . . . . .90
21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
24 . . . . . . . . . . “120” . . . . . . . . . . 111
25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
32 . . . . . . . . . . “200” . . . . . . . . . . 217
33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406
37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 444
38 . . . . . . . . . . “500” . . . . . . . . . . 482
39 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483
Full-clockwise: 483
APPENDIX C:
XD600/6v2 Specifications
General Specifications:
Recommended Fuse Value: 50A
Recommended Fuse Type: MAXI™ or AGU
Input Sections:
No. of Inputs: Three Stereo Pairs
Input Type: Differential-balanced with RCA jack inputs
Input Range: 200mV - 8V RMS
Amplifier Section:
Amplifier Topology: NexD™ Ultra-High Speed Class D
Power Supply: Unregulated MOSFET switching type
Rated Power at 14.4V with less than
1% THD+Noise (20Hz - 20 kHz) RMS Method
Stereo, all channels driven:
75W RMS x 6 @ 4 ohms, 100W RMS x 6 @ 2 ohms
Bridged, all channels driven:
150W RMS x 3 @ 8 ohms, 200W RMS x 3 @ 4 ohms
Rated Power @ 12.5V with less than
1% THD + Noise (20Hz - 20 kHz) RMS Method
Stereo, all channels driven:
60W RMS x 6 @ 4 ohms, 90W RMS x 6 @ 2 ohms
Rated Power Bridged, all channels driven:
120W RMS x 3 @ 8 ohms, 180W RMS x 3 @ 4 ohms
Signal to Noise Ratio:
>104 dB referred to rated power
(A-weighted, 20 Hz-20 kHz noise bandwidth)
>84 dB referred to 1W
(A-weighted, 20 Hz-20 kHz noise bandwidth)
Frequency Response: 12 Hz - 22 kHz (+0, -1dB)
Damping Factor:
>150 @ 4 ohms per ch./ 50 Hz
>75 @ 2 ohm per ch. / 50 Hz
Crossover Filters:
Filter Type: State-variable, 12dB/octave Butterworth
with continuously variable cutoff frequency selection
from 50-500 Hz.
Configurable as Low-Pass or High-Pass. Defeatable.
Dimensions (LxWxH):
10.23" x 7.09" x 2.05" (260mm x 180mm x 52mm)
Due to ongoing product development, all specifications are subject to
change without notice.
15
APPENDIX D: TROUBLESHOOTING
“How do I properly set the input sensitivity on my amplifier?”
Please refer to Appendix A (page 14) to set the input sensitivity for
maximum, low-distortion output.
“My amplifier doesn’t turn on.”
Check the fuse, not just visually, but with a continuity meter. It is
possible for a fuse to have poor internal connections that
cannot be found by visual inspection. It is best to take the
fuse out of the holder for testing. If no problem is found with
the fuse, inspect the fuse holder.
Check the integrity of the connections made to each of the
“+12VDC,” “Ground,” and “Remote” terminals. Ensure that
no wire insulation is pinched by the terminal set screw and
that each connection is tight.
Check to make sure there is +12V at the “Remote” connection
of the amplifier. In some cases, the turn-on lead from the
source unit is insufficient to turn on multiple devices and
the use of a relay is required. To test for this problem, jump
the “+12VDC” wire to the “Remote” terminal to see if the
amplifier turns on.
“I hear a repetitive ticking or popping sound coming out of the speaker(s).”
Check the speaker wires for a possible short, either between the
positive and negative leads or between either speaker lead
and the vehicle’s chassis ground. If a short is present, you will
experience distorted and/or attenuated output. The “Status
LED” will turn amber in this situation. It may be helpful to
disconnect the speaker wires from the amplifier and use a
different set of wires connected to a test speaker.
Check the nominal load impedance to verify that each channel
of the amplifier is driving a load equal to or greater than
2 ohms in stereo mode (4 ohms bridged).
“My amplifier’s output fluctuates when I tap on it or hit a bump.”
Check the connections to the amplifier. Make sure that the
insulation for all wires has been stripped back far enough to
allow for a good contact area inside the terminal block.
Check the input connectors to ensure that they all are making good
contact with the input jacks on the amplifier.
16 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
“My amplifier shuts off once in a while, usually at higher volumes.”
Check your voltage source and grounding point. The power supply
of the XD600/6v2 will operate with charging system voltages
down to 10V. Shutdown problems at higher volume levels
can occur when the charging system voltage (or remote
turn-on voltage) drops below 10V. These dips can be of very
short duration making them extremely difficult to detect
with a common DC voltmeter. To ensure proper voltage,
inspect all wiring and termination points. It may also be
necessary to upgrade the ground wire connecting the battery
to the vehicle’s chassis and the power wire connecting the
alternator to the battery. Many vehicles employ small (10
AWG - 6 AWG) wire to ground the battery to the vehicle’s
chassis and to connect the alternator to the battery. To
prevent voltage drops, these wires should be upgraded to
4 AWG when installing amplifier systems with main fuse
ratings above 60A. Grounding problems are the leading
cause of misdiagnosed amplifier “failures.”
“My amplifier turns on, but there is no output.”
Check the input signal using an AC voltmeter to measure the
voltage from the source unit while an appropriate test tone is
played through the source unit (disconnect the input cables
from the amplifier prior to this test). The frequency used
should be in the range that is to be amplified by the amplifier
(example: 50 Hz for a sub bass application or 1 kHz for a full
range / high-pass application). A steady, sufficient voltage
(between 0.2 and 8.0-volts) should be present at the output of
the signal cables.
Check the output of the amplifier. Using the procedure explained in
the previous check item (after plugging the input cables back
into the amplifier) test for output at the speaker outputs of
the amplifier. Unless you enjoy test tones at high levels, it is
a good idea to remove the speaker wires from the amplifier
while doing this. Turn the volume up approximately
halfway. 5 volt AC or more should be measured at the
speaker outputs. This output level can vary greatly between
amplifiers but it should not be in the millivolt range with
the source unit at half volume. If you are reading sufficient
voltage, check your speaker connections as explained below.
Check to ensure that the speaker wires are making a good
connection with the metal inside the terminal block. The
speaker wire connectors are designed to accept up to 8 AWG
wire. Make sure to strip the wire to allow for a sufficient
connection with the metal inside the terminal block.
17
INSTALLATION NOTES:
Use this diagram to document your amplifier’s switch and control positions.
18 | JL Audio - XD600/6v2 Owner’s Manual
19
LIMITED WARRANTY - AMPLIFIERS (USA)
JL AUDIO warrants this product to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of two (2) years. The warranty is extended to three (3) years total if installation is performed by an
authorized JL Audio dealer using a JL Audio Premium Power Connection System for power wiring.
This warranty is not transferrable and applies only to the original purchaser from an authorized
JL AUDIO dealer. Should service be necessary under this warranty for any reason due to manufacturing
defect or malfunction, JL AUDIO will (at its discretion), repair or replace the defective product with new
or remanufactured product at no charge. Damage caused by the following is not covered under warranty:
accident, misuse, abuse, product modification or neglect, failure to follow installation instructions,
unauthorized repair attempts, misrepresentations by the seller. This warranty does not cover incidental
or consequential damages and does not cover the cost of removing or reinstalling the unit(s). Cosmetic
damage due to accident or normal wear and tear is not covered under warranty.
Warranty is void if the product’s serial number has been removed or defaced.
Any applicable implied warranties are limited in duration to the period of the express warranty as
provided herein beginning with the date of the original purchase at retail, and no warranties, whether
express or implied, shall apply to this product thereafter. Some states do not allow limitations on implied
warranties, therefore these exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights,
and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
If you need service on your JL AUDIO product:
All warranty returns should be sent to JL AUDIO ’s Amplifier Service Facility freight-prepaid through
an authorized JL AUDIO dealer and must be accompanied by proof of purchase (a copy of the original
sales receipt). Direct returns from consumers or non-authorized dealers will be refused unless specifically
authorized by JL AUDIO with a valid return authorization number.
Warranty expiration on products returned without proof of purchase will be determined from the
manufacturing date code. Coverage may be invalidated as this date is previous to purchase date. Nondefective items received will be returned freight-collect. Customer is responsible for shipping charges and
insurance in sending the product to JL AUDIO. Freight damage on returns is not covered under warranty.
For Service Information in the U.S.A. please call
JL Audio Customer Service: (954) 443-1100
9:00 AM – 5:30 PM (Eastern Time Zone)
JL Audio, Inc
10369 North Commerce Pkwy.
Miramar, FL 33025
(do not send product for repair to this address)
International Warranties:
Products purchased outside the United States of America are covered only
by that country’s distributor and not by JL Audio, Inc.
Printed in China
XD600/6v2 MAN-09-2013