PDF – 2016-2017 HOA Referee/Scorer Manual

2016-2017
Officiating Manual
and
Scoring Instructions
2016-2017
OFFICIATING MANUAL
and
SCORING INSTRUCTIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
OFFICIATING and SCORING MANUAL
TECHNIQUES, MECHANICS & PROCEDURES
Referee Techniques
Referee Points of Emphasis
1
8
BASIC PROCEDURES AND PRE-MATCH
PROTOCOLS
Basic Procedures For Conducting a USA Volleyball Match/
Competition For Referees
Guidelines for Dealing With Blood
Abbreviations
Metric Conversions
11
15
15
16
INSTRUCTIONS FOR SCORERS USING THE
OFFICIAL INDOOR SCORE SHEETS
Instructions
Assistant Scorer Responsibilities
Diagrams
17
61
71
EXAMPLES CAN BE FOUND IN THE FULL DCR AND ALSO ON
THE HEART OF AMERICA VOLLEYBALL WEBSITE
hoavb.org
Heart of America - USAV
548 South Coy Street
Kansas City, KS 66105
tel: 913.233.0445
fax: 913.233.0085
Please report any errors to Email: info@hoavb.org
i
OFFICIATING and SCORING MANUAL
2015-2017 DOMESTIC COMPETITION
REGULATIONS (INDOOR)
TECHNIQUES, MECHANICS &
PROCEDURES
Referee Techniques
1.
2.
3.
4.
Roster verification: Rosters, if used, are verified pre-match by
the scorer, assisted by the 2nd referee. Both referees visually
review uniforms for legality.
Coin toss procedures: USA Volleyball does not designate
“home” or “visitor” teams, so the 1st referee will designate a side
of the coin for each team during the pre-match and deciding set
coin tosses. The coin is tossed and caught, and the result immediately revealed without turning the coin over. If the coin is dropped, it shall be re-tossed. The captain who wins the coin toss
has the options of serve or receive the serve, or the side of the
court to occupy. The opposing captain then chooses from the remaining options.
Pre-set line-up check 2nd referee: When checking lineups at the start of each set, the 2nd referee will stand at the side
line of each team’s court with both teams’ line-up sheets in hand
to verify player positions. The 2nd referee should not enter the
court. The game ball remains at the scorer’s table until line-ups
have been verified and Libero replacements authorized. Once
the line-up sheets have been returned to the scorer, the game
ball is tossed or rolled to the first server.
Referee signal sequence:
a.
If the fault is whistled by the 1st referee, the 1st referee
indicates which team wins the rally by extending the arm
in the direction of the team that will serve next (palm perpendicular to floor), then the nature of the fault and the
player at fault, if necessary. All signals are repeated by
the 2nd referee except the authorization to serve and a
served ball that fails to pass to the opponent through the
crossing space.
b.
If the fault is whistled by the 2nd referee, the 2nd referee
indicates the nature of the fault and the player at fault, if
necessary. The 1st referee then indicates the next team
to serve and the 2nd referee repeats that signal. The 1st
referee does not signal the fault or player at fault (Rule
22.2.3.2).
1
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
2nd referee position at end of rally:
a.
When the 2nd referee’s whistle ends a rally, he/she always steps to the offending team’s side of the net before
signaling the fault.
b.
When the 1st referee’s whistle ends the rally, the 2nd referee will attempt to step to the offending team’s side of
the net and repeat the signals of the 1st referee. When
facilities do not present enough space for the 2nd referee to accomplish this easily, the 2nd referee will simply
step laterally away from the post and repeat the 1st referee’s signal sequence. NOTE: When the 2nd referee
has relevant playing-ending information or is offering discreet assistance, he/she must avoid transitioning and
signaling simultaneously, which will result in the information or signal being obstructed by the net post or equipment.
Attack Hit Fault signal (Signal 21): Completely extend
the arm straight up, above the shoulder, hand open, and then
bending at the elbow, make a downward motion toward the opposing team. The final position of the arm should not obstruct the
referee’s view.
Blocking fault/screening signal (Signal 12): Completely
extend both arms straight up from the shoulders (elbows are not
bent), palms facing away from the body.
Improper request signal & technique: An improper request is
signaled with a “wave off” – a sweeping motion with the arm extended, open hand, palm facing away from the body, on the offending team’s side of the court. The 2nd referee communicates
this to the coach at the earliest opportunity, without delaying the
match. The 1st referee will signal, at the end of the rally, by placing the palm over the opposite wrist, on the offending team’s side
of the court. The improper request is recorded on the score
sheet at the end of the rally.
Same player makes third and fourth team hits: Signal
“double contact” (Signal 17).
Indication of which player(s) contacted the net: Indicate the player at fault by pointing toward the player with an
open hand.
Completed attack-hit from an overhand set by a
Libero in the front zone: Signal attack hit fault (Signal 21),
and then indicate the Libero by pointing toward the Libero with
an open hand.
Identification of game captain: During pre-match line-up checks,
the 2nd referee indicates the game captain to the 1st referee by
placing the arm in the chest area, hand open and palm facing the
floor, and then pointing, open hand, toward this player. This tech2
13.
14.
15.
nique should also be used when the captain is replaced by substitution or the Libero. The captain should acknowledge this designation by raising a hand. It is not necessary for the 2nd referee
to repeat this procedure at the start of each set unless the game
captain changes or the 1st referee requests the information.
2nd referee “ready” signal: Indicate by holding both hands in
front of body, just above head height, palms toward 1st referee.
Used by a 2nd referee after any regular game interruption or a
delay to the resumption of play. Also used by the scorer upon
completion of recording a substitution(s), or at the end of a timeout. “Ready” means that the scorer has recorded all necessary
information, the 2nd referee is in proper position, all players have
taken their positions on the court, and the 2nd referee is ready
for play to resume. The 1st referee is still obligated to complete a
court scan, check that the server has the ball, and ensure team
readiness before authorizing the next serve.
Time-out administration:
a.
2nd (or 1st) referee whistles to acknowledge time-out
request. Both referees make the time-out signal (Signal
4) with the vertical hand of the signal on the side of the
requesting team, and point toward the requesting team’s
bench with an open hand; 2nd referee will informally display each team’s time-out status to 1st referee at the beginning of the time-out.
b.
Players are not required to leave the court and go to
the bench area. Coaches and non-playing team
members may not enter the court.
c.
2nd referee whistles at end of 30 seconds and
ensures both teams re-take the court.
d.
Upon conclusion of each team’s second time-out, the
2nd referee will notify the coach (or captain, if necessary) by visually displaying the time-out signal
(Signal 4) and then showing two fingers. The 2nd
referee will then notify the 1st referee in the same
manner after getting into position for the resumption
of play and before signaling “ready.”
e.
It is not necessary to notify teams after their first timeout unless requested to do so by the coach/captain.
Similarly, the referees do not visually display each
team’s time-out status at the end of any time-outs unless
necessary for clarification.
f.
Teams may re-take the court prior to expiration of
the time-out, unless necessary for the court to
remain clear.
Substitution notification: With the ninth, 10th, 11th and
3
the
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
12th team substitutions, the 2nd referee will notify the coach by
displaying the substitution signal (Signal 5), followed by the number of team substitutions used during the set (10 – clenched right
fist, 11 – clenched right fist plus index finger of left hand, 12 –
clenched right fist plus index and middle finger of left hand). The
2nd referee will notify the 1st referee of a team’s 12th substitution in the same manner after getting into position for the resumption of play and before signaling “ready.” If requested by
1st referee, the 2nd referee will also inform the 1st referee of the
ninth, 10th and 11th substitutions in this manner.
Multiple substitutions by one team: Only one incoming
player may be in the substitution zone at a time awaiting authorization to enter. Subsequent substitutes must wait outside the
substitution zone until the first pair of players has been authorized to enter by the 2nd referee. For multiple substitutions by a
team during the same dead ball, there can be no significant
delay between substitutions.
Substitution request procedure: A request for substitution
requires that the incoming substitute has entered the substitution
zone before the request is acknowledged (whistled). Verbal or
hand-signal requests for substitution by the coach or captain do
not constitute a formal request and will not be acknowledged
(whistled). NOTE: Referees must facilitate this procedure and ensure that teams are educated in its use.
Requests for game interruption by opponents during
same dead ball: When opponents request a game interruption (time-out, substitution, etc.) during the same dead-ball period, the 2nd referee will acknowledge each team’s request with
a separate whistle. Multiple substitutions by the same team require only one whistle.
1st/2nd referee duties:
a.
1st referee controls player conduct during the pre-match
warm-ups. The 1st referee also times the warm-ups but
may request the 2nd referee to assist while 1st referee
instructs line judges or attends to other pre-match duties.
b.
Either referee may whistle net faults, and attack-hit or
blocking faults.
c.
2nd referee calls (whistles) antenna faults on his/her
side of the court.
d.
At the end of the match, the 1st referee checks the
score sheet for accuracy, and then signs it.
2nd referee discreet assistance techniques: Discreet
assistance from the 2nd referee should only be offered when,
from the 2nd referee’s view, a fault has occurred. Discreet assistance
should not be used for possible faults, e.g., to indicate that no oppos4
ing player touched the ball after a team’s third contact.
Expectations regarding these techniques should be the subject
of referees’ pre-match briefings. NOTE: Discreet signals, which
are indicated using only one hand (ex: 2 hits, 4 hits, attack-hit
fault, etc.) should be signaled with the hand corresponding to the
team at fault. If the view of the 2nd referee is obstructed, the discreet signal may be made with the more visible hand.
a.
2 hits vs 4 hits: The 2nd referee should use the appropriate discreet assistance only after the same player has hit
the ball twice in succession (“2 hits”) or after a team has
touched the ball four times and the third and fourth hits
were not by the same player (“4 hits”). NOTE: “4 hits”
should not be used to indicate “no touch” by the blocking
team.
b.
Attack-hit fault: The attack fault signal (Signal 21) should
be shown in the chest area, and the 2nd referee should
allow the 1st referee the opportunity to whistle the fault
or to communicate that the play was legal before
whistling this fault (USAV 24.3.2.4).
c.
Blocking fault: The 2nd referee may whistle this fault immediately, or a discreet blocking fault signal (Signal 12)
may be shown in the chest area with hands only,
shoulder-height.
d.
Requesting an individual sanction: The 2nd referee
should whistle, step to the offending team’s side of the
court, and verbalize the sanction and offending team
member. Other hand signals are not necessary to request an individual sanction.
e.
Requesting a delay sanction: Display the delay sanction
signal, without a card in chest area.
f.
Ball in/pancake play: Step to the side of the court where
the ball hit the floor, maintain a position visible to the 1st
referee, and give the “ball in” signal. If the 1st referee
does not see this assistance, the signal should be made
more visible. If the 1st referee does not quickly recognize the assistance, the 2nd referee should whistle this
fault.
g.
Ball handling opinions: The 2nd referee should not
offer ball handling opinions during a match. Only if the
1st referee has requested such assistance during unusual plays (i.e., the 1st referee is screened from viewing the play) should the 2nd referee offer an opinion.
h.
Touch information: At the end of a rally in which the 2nd
referee has observed a player touching the ball before it
lands out of bounds, the 2nd referee should offer a visi5
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
ble “touch” signal (Signal 24). If the 1st referee does not
notice this assistance, the signal should quickly be made
more visible and the 2nd referee should step laterally,
away from the post.
Deciding set coin toss: For the deciding set coin toss, the
1st referee conducts the coin toss near the scorer’s table or may
request the 2nd referee to do so. During this time, teams are
released to their benches while each team’s game captain attends the toss. The coin toss takes place during the three-minute
interval between sets. After the coin toss, the 1st referee will
blow a whistle to direct teams to change courts or to remain at
their current benches for the start of the deciding set; the scorer
will be immediately notified of the result in order to prepare the
deciding set score sheet; and, if the 1st referee conducted the
toss, the 1st referee will immediately return to the stand.
Change of courts during deciding set: The 1st referee will
signal for teams to change courts immediately after the eighth
point has been scored by a team. Teams are not directed to the
end lines during this court change but they should change sides
by going counter-clockwise around the post to their respective
right side (or under the net near the sideline if space does not
permit the players to pass outside the posts). To prevent teams
from crossing under the net in the middle of the court, the 2nd
referee will enter the court to his/her right and direct the team on
the right to change sides as described above. The 2nd referee
will also ensure the team on the left changes sides accordingly.
The 2nd referee will return to the scorer’s table after the court
change to ensure the scorer is ready to resume, and may confirm each team’s court positions before continuing.
Set/Match point: The 2nd referee will verbally/visually confirm set or match point with the scorer and then place an index
finger against the shoulder corresponding to that team. For
example, if the team to the 2nd referee’s left has earned set/
match point, the index finger of the right hand will be placed
against the left shoulder (or vice versa for the team on the right).
Ball hitting an antenna: When the ball is hit into an antenna, the referee will whistle and signal “out,” and if necessary,
will indicate with an open hand the player who hit the ball into the
antenna. The referee does not point toward the antenna before
or after signaling “out” for the antenna fault. If the 1st referee
whistles the antenna fault, he/she will first show the team to
serve next before signaling the antenna fault.
First referee whistling positional faults on receiving
team: The 1st referee will normally check position faults for the
serving team only; the 2nd referee is authorized to check posi6
26.
27.
28.
tion faults for receiving team only. If the 2nd referee does not
call a blatant positional fault after ample communication/
notification by the 1st referee, the 1st referee may whistle this
fault. This will occur only on very rare occasions.
Sanction procedures:
a.
For a player on court: The player being sanctioned
must approach the 1st referee’s stand to acknowledge
the sanction. In the case of a penalty, the 1st referee
will first award a point to the team to serve next, display
the appropriate card(s) to the sanctioned player, and
then verbalizes, “This penalty (or expulsion or disqualification) is for you for unsporting conduct.”
b.
For a team member on the bench: The 1st referee will
call the game captain to the stand. In the case of a
penalty, the 1st referee will first award a point to the
team to serve next, display the appropriate card(s), and
verbalize, “This penalty (or expulsion or disqualification)
is for player (or coach) ‘X’. Please inform him/her of the
sanction.” The captain should go immediately to the
bench to inform the team member, who will acknowledge
the sanction while the 1st referee continues to display
the card(s).
c.
For delay sanctions: The 1st referee will call the game
captain to the stand, indicate the team to serve next if in
the case of a delay penalty, and verbalize “This delay
sanction is for [delay action],” while displaying the appropriate signal. The captain may inform the coach of the
sanction for clarification purposes.
d.
For verbal (official) warnings: Verbal or hand signal
warnings must be accompanied by a whistle and are
notified directly to the team member being warned or
through the game captain. Multiple warnings to the same
team member during the same set/match are permitted
for minor unsporting conduct.
e.
For simultaneous sanctions to opponents: When
individual sanctions are assessed to opponents for
simultaneous unsporting acts, the team member from
the serving team shall be sanctioned first, followed by
the team member from the receiving team. The sanctions are administered following the above procedures.
Notification of illegal Libero replacement: The assistant
scorer shall notify the 2nd referee of an illegal Libero replacement
after the contact of the serve. A positional fault is the resulting fault.
Line judge position during time-outs:
At midpoint of respective end line.
7
29.
Line judge position when server is within 1-2 meters
of the line judge: When a server takes a position within 1-2
meters of the line judge, the line judge must step behind the
server along the sideline extension. When space prohibits stepping behind the server, it is appropriate to stand along the endline extension. After the service contact, the line judge should
quickly return to the position at the intersection of the end line
and sideline.
Points of Emphasis
1.
2.
3.
4.
Warm-ups:
a.
For adult competition: When one team has exclusive
use of the court, the opposing team may warm up with
practice balls in the free zone surrounding the court but
may not interfere with the warm-up of the opponent on
the court, including serving practice.
b.
For junior competition: When one team has exclusive
use of the court, the other team must either be at its
team bench or out of the playing area. The team may
also retrieve balls for the opposing team. Warming up
with balls at the team bench or the spectator walkways is
not permitted.
The Serve: The server must be on the playing surface before
the serve is authorized. The entire service action must take
place on the playing surface.
Coaches’ Location:
a.
All coaches must remain 1.75 meters (5’10”) from the
court while the ball is in play. During dead-ball periods,
coaches may briefly approach the court to give instructions to players on the court but must step away from the
court when the 1st referee prepares to authorize the
service. If a coach fails to adhere to this rule after being
reminded to do so, a delay sanction may be assessed.
NOTE: When the distance between the sideline and the
team bench/bench area is less than 2 meters, the coach
must remain in the free zone nearer to the team bench/
bench area while the ball is in play. Coaches may not
enter the substitution zone.
b.
The coach or one assistant coach may give instructions to a player in the warm-up area but may not
remain there for any extended length of time.
Assistant Coaches: One assistant coach at a time may
leave the bench to give instructions to the players on the court.
During play, this assistant coach may give these instructions
8
while standing or walking within the free zone in front of his/her
team’s bench from the extension of the attack line up to the
warm-up area, no closer to the court than 1.75 meters (5’10”)
from the sideline and its extension, without disturbing or delaying
the match. Assistant coaches may not address the referees.
5.
Disruptive Coaching: Includes loud or abusive language,
comments to officials or to opposing teams, throwing of objects,
and displaying disgust in an overt manner.
6.
The Libero:
a.
Up to two Liberos may be designated on the line-up
sheet at the start of the match. If zero or one Libero
is designated on the line-up sheet, the coach may select
a different Libero for subsequent sets, but may not have
two Liberos. If two Liberos are designated on the line-up
sheet for Set 1, those are the only two Liberos who may
play for that team for the match.
b.
The Libero’s jersey or jacket must contrast in color to the
color of the jersey worn by other members of the team.
(Please note USAV 19.2a.) The Libero jerseys do not
have to match, but they must both be contrasting from
the other members of the team.
c.
If a Libero wears an exposed undergarment as noted in
USAV 4.3, that undergarment may different from exposed undergarments worn by teammates.
d.
A Libero may replace an injured player in the back row
after the 30-second injury evaluation if no Libero was on
the court at the time of the injury.
e.
Only one Libero per team may be on the court in replacement of a teammate at any given time.
7. Player Equipment:
a.
If a player’s towel falls to the floor during a rally, which
consequently requires a stoppage of play, a delay sanction must be issued. The rally should not be stopped unless a referee judges that a safety hazard exists. A delay
sanction can be avoided if the team takes steps to
mitigate the risk hazard in this situation.
b.
Player equipment (eyeglasses, contact lenses, etc.) is
worn at the player’s own risk (Rule 4.5.2). If a stoppage
of play results due to a concern for safety, a delay sanction is assessed and a replay will be granted. A similar
rationale, as noted above in 7a, should be used to determine if a safety hazard exists. If a player is injured as
his/her lenses fall to the floor, the injury takes precedence and the provisions of Rule 7.1 should be applied.
c.
Casts are not permitted, regardless of covering or padding.
9
d.
Bobby pins, barrettes and hard plastic headbands
may be used to control the hair. Such items do not need
to be covered or padded.
e.
For adult competition, jewelry may be worn provided its
nature does not present a concern for safety, e.g., extremely long necklaces and/or necklaces with large
medallions, or large hoop earrings.
8. Interference with Play:
a.
A player who places a hand/hands near the net in the
path of a ball to deflect the natural rebound of a ball that
has been passed into the net by the opponent has committed a net fault according to the FIVB/USAV interpretation of “interferes with play.”
b.
If a player contacts an official (2nd referee or line judge)
during an attempt to play the ball legally, the 1st referee
may award a replay if the physical interference impeded
that player’s attempt.
c.
A ball that contacts an official (referee or line judge) is
ruled “out” per Rule 8.4.2.
9. Improper Requests (See also Referee Techniques #8):
a.
A request for an illegal substitution shall result in an
improper request. However, if such a request is
acknowledged (i.e., whistled), a delay sanction shall
result.
b.
Despite any previous delay sanction, a team’s first
improper request of the match is rejected, and the
improper request is assessed without further sanction.
10. Line-up Checks: A line-up check is not considered a regular
game interruption and is permitted prior to re-authorizing the serve for a
rally that was not completed. A line-up check may not be requested after
the service authorization, and before the service contact, even if the 1st
referee must authorize the serve a second time due to external interference (e.g., a ball on the court). Coaches orcaptains may request a lineup check.
10
BASIC PROCEDURES FOR CONDUCTING
A USA VOLLEYBALL MATCH/COMPETITION
FOR REFEREES
These are the basic procedures to be followed when conducting official
USA Volleyball matches or competitions. More detailed information for
each of these items can be found in the “USAV Referee Guidelines and
Instructions.”
1. OFFICIALS
a. The officials should be certified USA Volleyball referees and
qualified USA Volleyball scorers.
b. The prescribed USA Volleyball uniform and certification patch
should be worn by all referees.
c. At a minimum, referee equipment includes a whistle with lanyard, a
set of yellow/red cards, a flipping coin and a watch or timing device.
2. ARRIVAL
a. Referees should arrive at the playing venue no fewer than 30
minutes prior to the start of the competition.
b. The tournament director or event manager should be located at
that time, and playing formats, ground rules, warm-up procedures
and other protocols should be determined.
3. MATCH PREPARATION
a. Referees or scorers should examine the court and playing
equipment prior to the first match: identify court lines, playing
area, and any floor obstructions; determine rulings for overhead
obstructions; examine the playing equipment (including net, antennas, posts, referee stand and game balls); and verify the net
height and ball pressure.
b. Referees or scorers should ensure pens, pencils, score sheets
and Libero control sheets are available at the score table. Lineup sheets and rosters may also be required.
4. REFEREE’S PRE-MATCH DUTIES
a. Prior to the coin toss, the 1st and 2nd referees must discuss their
match responsibilities, as well as communication techniques
that will be used between them during the match. This should include: discreet help from the 2nd referee; addressing conduct issues; and ensuring consistent application of ground rules.
b. Preferably prior to the coin toss, or immediately thereafter, the
referees will meet with the officiating crew to give instructions to
the line judges (1st referee) and scoring crew (1st or 2nd referee).
11
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
Conduct a coin toss between the team captains prior to the start
of the timed warm-up period. Once tossed, the coin should be
caught and the result immediately revealed.
After the coin toss, the 1st referee will supervise warm-up periods and may request the 2nd referee to time their duration. Note:
In the event a team does not choose to use its time on the court,
the court shall remain unoccupied.
During the warm-up period, the 1st referee must verify the legality of each team’s player and Libero uniforms. All players must
wear uniforms as prescribed in Rule 4.3 and USAV Rule 4.3
and/or Rule 19.2 and USAV Rule 19.2.
At the end of the warm-up period, the 1st or 2nd referee will blow
a whistle to indicate that the warm-up period is over and players
are to clear the court.
Referees and other officials take their assigned places.
5. START OF THE FIRST SET OF THE MATCH
a. Teams line up on the end line of their respective team courts.
When both teams are ready, the 1st referee will blow a whistle
and motion for players to take their positions on their court.
b. The 2nd referee, using each team’s submitted line-up sheet, and
the scorer, using the score sheet, will verify that players are in
the correct positions on the court. No corrections may be made
unless an error or omission has been made by the scorer. Prior
to the start of play, changes and/or substitutions can only be
made under the provisions of Rules 4.1.3, 7.3.2 and 7.3.4. No
other changes may be made in the line-ups to correct an error
made by teams in preparing the line-up sheets. NOTE: A substitution prior to the start of any set is permitted.
c. Upon completing the line-up check, the 2nd referee will permit
Libero replacements to occur and confirm that the assistant
scorer has recorded them.
d. The 2nd referee then retrieves the game ball from the score
table and delivers it to the first server of the match. The 2nd
referee will then take a position on the receiving team’s side of
the net and indicate “ready” to the 1st referee. The 1st referee
whistles and beckons for the first service of the set. This marks
the time the set officially begins.
e. Prior to the contact of the serve, serving team players should be
in their correct positions on the court, with no distracting movements. Continual or distracting movement may be construed as
screening. The 1st referee must be aware of screening during all
service actions.
12
6. DURING THE MATCH
a. Each referee has specific duties and responsibilities during the
match as outlined in Rules 23 and 24.
b. Judgment and ball handling decisions, as well as match control,
flow and tempo, are very important for any 1st referee.
c. Match administration (substitutions, time-outs, etc.), communication
with the team benches and score table, and positioning/focus during
net play are important aspects of working as a 2nd referee.
d. Scorer, assistant scorer and line judge duties are clarified in
Rules 25, 26 and 27, respectively.
7. PROCEDURES FOR REGULAR GAME INTERRUPTIONS
a. Substitutes should enter the substitution zone and wait for the authorization to enter given by the 2nd referee. Entry into the substitution
zone is the only legal way to request a substitution, except for injury
situations or substitutions prior to the start of a set.
For multiple substitutions by the same team during one dead ball
period, each player and his/her substitute must enter the substitution
zone in succession, one pair at a time, and must wait until entry is authorized by the 2nd referee. For multiple substitutions by the same
team, there can be no delay between incoming substitutes. When opponents request substitutions simultaneously, the 2nd referee must
ask that one team wait while the other team’s substitution is administered and recorded. After this substitution has been recorded, the 2nd
referee will whistle to recognize the substitution for the other team
and then authorize the substitute to enter the game.
b. When the coach or playing captain requests a time-out, the 2nd
(or 1st) referee should immediately whistle, show Signal 4, Timeout, and then indicate the team by pointing, open-handed, toward that team’s bench. The 2nd referee will then visually inform
the 1st referee of the number of time-outs each team has taken.
After 30 seconds have elapsed, the 2nd (or 1st) referee must
whistle to end the time-out. Teams should immediately retake
the court. The 2nd referee will then verbally and visually notify
each team’s coach only when that team’s second time-out has
been taken. The 1st referee prepares for the next rally.
8. END OF THE SET AND START OF THE NEXT SET
a. A set officially ends when the whistle is blown for the fault resulting in the winning point. The set interval begins when the 1st referee executes Signal 9, End of Set. Following the whistle indicating the end of a set, the referee will direct the teams to change
playing areas and benches immediately, with the exception of
the interval before the deciding set. In all but the deciding set,
the players proceed to their right until they reach their new bench
13
b.
c.
area with the team on the left passing behind, or if court space is limited, directly in front of, the 1st referee and proceeding to the bench.
The 2nd referee will collect the line-ups from both teams as
quickly as possible during the set interval; however, line-ups
must be submitted within two minutes and 30 seconds during the
set interval. With 30 seconds remaining in the interval, the 2nd
referee will blow a whistle and teams shall immediately report to
the court and line up in their proper positions to start the set.
When a deciding set will be necessary, the teams follow a different procedure at the end of the set prior to the deciding set. Following the whistle indicating the end of the set, the 1st referee
will release the teams to their respective benches. The game
captains for each team then immediately meet at the scorer’s
table, where the 1st (or 2nd) referee will conduct the coin toss for
the deciding set. Once the choice of sides has been determined,
the 1st referee whistles and directs the teams to their appropriate
team areas, using the procedure specified in 8a above if a
change of court is necessary. The procedure for the start of the
deciding set is the same as stated in 8b.
9. CHANGE OF TEAM AREAS DURING A DECIDING SET
a. When teams change team areas during a deciding set of a match
(Rule 18.2 & USAV 6.3b), the 1st referee will blow a whistle and show
Signal 3, Change of Courts. Teams will change playing areas as
noted in 8a above, without delay and with player positions remaining the
same.
b. Substitutes and other team personnel will change team areas in
front of the score table.
c. If requested, the 2nd referee will verify that players are in their
correct positions on the court.
10. AT THE END OF THE MATCH
a. Following the whistle indicating the last rally of a match, the 1st
referee will whistle again and display Signal 9, End of Match, and
direct the players of each team to line up on the end line of their
team court.
b. When both teams are in position, the 1st referee will blow a final
whistle and motion for the teams to proceed to the center of the
court to shake hands with the opponents.
c. The 2nd referee will ensure that the game ball is returned to the
designated area for safekeeping.
d. Both team captains shall thank the referees.
e. The 1st referee will then review the score sheet to verify the final
results and ensure the scorer has signed the sheet. The 1st referee will then sign the score sheet(s).
f.
Referees will then immediately depart the playing area.
14
GUIDELINES FOR DEALING WITH BLOOD
If a player incurs an injury that causes bleeding, the first or second referee shall immediately stop the set in accordance with Rule 17.1.1. The
player shall leave the court for evaluation/treatment. If the player cannot
continue play and must be replaced, this should be done within the
guidelines of Rule 15.6 or 15.7. If substitution cannot be made, refer to
Rule 17.1.2. If a player’s uniform becomes saturated with blood, a
change of uniform will be authorized. This change should be accomplished as quickly as possible to cause no additional delay of set. The replacement uniform should be of a similar color and style. Though duplicate numbers will not be allowed, no sanction will be assessed if the
player’s uniform number is different than the original number. If a replacement uniform is not available, the player must be replaced by a
legal substitution. If the referee observes blood on the playing surface or
equipment, the set shall be stopped immediately and measures taken to
clean any contaminated area or equipment using universal precautions.
ABBREVIATIONS
m
’
cm
”
gm
mbar
kg/cm2
lbs/sq in
ºC
ºF
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
meter
foot (feet)
centimeter
inches
grams
millibars
kilograms per square centimeter
pounds per square inch
lbs/sq in = 68.0 mbar = 0.0703 kg/cm2
degrees Celsius
degrees Fahrenheit
15
METRIC CONVERSIONS
Length of playing court
18 m
Width of playing court
9m
Diagonal of half the playing court 12.728 m
Minimum length of net
9.5 m
Minimum width of free zone
3m
Recommended height of posts
2.55 m
Height of men’s net
2.43 m
Height of women’s net
2.24 m
Height of 12 & under net
2.13 m
Height of 10 & under net
1.98 m
Length of antenna
1.8 m
Net width:
Max. side line – post distance
1m
Length of antenna above net
0.8 m
Circumference of ball
65-67 cm
Referee’s view above net
50 cm
Sand depth:
Min. side line – post distance
30 cm
Size of net mesh squares
10 cm
Max. width of side line band
8 cm
Min. width of side line band
5 cm
Max. width of side line rope
1 cm
Min. width of side line rope
0.5 cm
Max. distance of net height
From side line to center
2 cm
Min. temperature
10º C
Weight range of ball
260-280 gm
Internal air pressure
of ball (indoor)
0.30-0.325 kg/cm2
Internal air pressure
of ball (outdoor)
0.175-0.225 kg/cm2
16
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
59’
29’6”
41’81/2”
32’
9’10”
8’4”
7’115/8”
7’41/8”
7’
6’6”
5’11”
39”
32”
251/2-27”
191/2”
12”
4”
31/8”
2”
3/8”
3/16”
=
=
=
3/4”
50º F
0.5-0.6 lb
=
2.5-3.2 lb/sq
=
4.3-4.6 lb/sq in
2015-2017 INSTRUCTIONS FOR SCORERS
USING
THE OFFICIAL INDOOR SCORE SHEETS
Diagram 1
17
S1
GENERAL PROCEDURES
S1.1 RECORDING INFORMATION
S1.1.1 The scorer clearly records all information
(except the signatures) using PRINTED
CAPITAL letters on the score sheet.
S1.1.2 Some information must be recorded using
blue/black ink.
a. The instructions will indicate if blue/
black ink is required.
S1.1.3 Other information may be recorded using
either pencil or blue/black ink.
S1.2 INCORRECT INFORMATION
S1.2.1 Incorrect information must be corrected immediately.
S1.2.2 Remove the incorrect information by:
a. Use of correction tape
b. Use of an eraser
c. Crossing out information using an X.
S1.3 DATES
All dates are recorded using MM/DD/YY or
MM-DD-YY with leading zeros as necessary.
Examples: 06/02/15 06-02-15
S1.4 TIMES
All times are recorded using International Time
HH:MM with leading zeros as necessary.
Examples: 9:10AM=09:10 1:15PM=13:15
S1.5 SCORES
When an action requires recording both team scores
(time-outs, substitutions, sanctions, remarks), record
the score of the team causing the action first.
Example: Team A score 5 and Team B score 10
when Team B takes a time out. Record 10:5 as score.
S1.6 PENALTY POINTS
S1.6.1 Slash the point in the POINTS column.
S1.6.2 Draw a circle around the slashed point.
S1.7 AUTOMATIC THREE (3) SET MATCHES
Some events use a best-of-three sets match format with
18
some matches designated to play all 3 sets (automatic
three (3) set match).
S1.7.1 If a coin toss and court change is required for
Set 3, a deciding set score sheet must be used
and the scoring procedures are the same as if it
was a deciding set.
S1.7.2 If no coin toss or court change is required for
Set 3, a regular score sheet is used and the
scoring procedures are the same as for any
non-deciding set.
S1.8 READY SIGNAL
S1.8.1 When ready for the set to continue:
a. Make eye contact with 2nd referee;
b. Raise both hands, palms toward the court.
S2
PRE-MATCH
S2.1 BEFORE THE START OF A MATCH
S2.1.1 Prepare all the score sheet(s) for the match by
recording the match information for:
a. Sets 1 and 2 for a best-of-three match;
b. Sets 1 through 3 for an 'automatic 3-set
match';
c. Sets 1 through 3 for a best-of-five match.
S2.2 HEADINGS
Use blue/black ink.
If the heading information is not pre-printed, record the following information:
S2.2.1 Name of Competition
S2.2.2 City, State
S2.2.3 Hall
NAME OF FACILITY
S2.2.4 Pool Phase
For Pools use number or letter;
For Phase use playoff bracket
(e.g. GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE, etc.);
S2.2.5 Division
X the appropriate box
S2.2.6 Match No. number or SEMI, FINAL, etc.
S2.2.7 Category X the appropriate box
S2.2.8 Level
Record the level of play
(AA, A, 40s, 16O, or other description)
S2.2.9 vs Record the complete names of the
playing teams for the match;
TEAM NAME vs TEAM NAME
19
In the upper right hand corner
S2.2.10
Date Match Date
S2.2.11
Court Court Number
S2.2.12
Time Scheduled Match Time
Leave blank if the scheduled time is
based solely on the previous match's
end time.
S2.3 OFFICIALS PRINTED NAMES
Use blue/black ink.
Record all officials’ names as LAST NAME, FIRST NAME.
S2.3.1 1st
Name of First Referee
Name of Second Referee
S2.3.2 2nd
S2.3.3 Scorer
Name of Scorer
S2.3.4 Work Team
WORK TEAM NAME
S2.3.5 Region
Region code of work team
(2 character code)
S2.4 SET NUMBER
Use blue/black ink.
If not pre-printed, record the set number in the Set box.
S2.5 SET WITH SCORE NOT STARTING AT 0-0
Use blue/black ink.
For any set not starting at 0-0, record the unused points with
the T-Bar method as follows:
Set starts at 4-4
S2.5.1 Draw a horizontal line
below the last unused
number in the
Points column.
S2.5.2 Draw a vertical line
from the top of the
Points column to the
horizontal line.
S3
STARTING THE MATCH
S3.1 TEAM DESIGNATION
After the coin toss and the determination of the serving team and the playing area.
S3.1.1 Designate the team that begins Set 1
on the left court as Team A.
S3.1.2 Designate the team that begins Set 1
on the right court as Team B.
20
S3.1.3 Each team keeps the A/B letter designation
assigned in Set 1 for the entire match.
S3.2 TEAM INFORMATION
Use blue/black ink.
S3.2.1 For Set 1, in the TEAM INFO section:
a. Record Team A's name (shorten as
needed) in the Team box on the left side.
1) If not pre-printed, record an A
in the A/B circle on the left side.
b. Record Team B's name (shorten as
needed) in the Team box on the right side.
c. If not pre-printed, record a B in the A/B
circle on the right side.
S3.2.2 For the remaining non-deciding Sets, in the
TEAM INFO section:
a. Teams will change courts for each nondeciding set.
b. Record Team Information on the opposite
sides from the previous Set score sheet.
For Set 2:
1) Record Team B information on the left
side.
2) Record Team A information on the
right side.
c. Alternate for each remaining non-deciding
set score sheet.
S3.3 SERVING AND RECEIVING TEAMS
Use blue/black ink.
S3.3.1 For the team serving first:
a. Record an X through the .
S3.3.2 For the team receiving first:
a. Record an X through the .
b. Record an X in box 1 of the SERVICE
ROUNDS section for the player in
SERVICE ORDER I.
S3.3.3 Repeat S3.3 on all non-deciding score
sheets. Serve and receive will remain on the
same court (side).
S3.4 ROSTERS (IF REQUIRED BY EVENT)
Rosters may not be used by all events.
S3.4.1 Obtain an official roster from each team.
21
S3.4.2 Verify player uniform numbers are correct
and accurate.
S3.4.3 Once submitted, no roster changes are permitted unless approved by event management.
S3.4.4 Roster changes may result in team penalties
as directed by event management.
S3.5 TEAM CAPTAINS (FROM ROSTERS)
Use blue/black ink.
S3.5.1 No Rosters,
Record an X in the Captain box.
S3.5.2 Rosters with no designated team captain,
record an X in the Captain box.
EXAMPLE: No rosters or
No Team Captain designated
S3.5.3 Rosters with a designated team captain,
record the team captain's number in the
Captain box.
EXAMPLE: 8 is the roster Team Captain
a.
This player is always the captain when
on the court.
S3.6 LINE-UP SHEETS
S3.6.1 Obtain a LINE-UP sheet from each team
(previously distributed to each team).
S3.6.2 Opponents may not see the other team's
LINE-UP sheet after it has been obtained.
S3.6.3 Verify that a coach or team captain has
signed each LINE-UP sheet.
S3.6.4 Verify that Libero designations have been
indicated.
S3.6.5 Verify that a game captain is indicated
using a c next to the player number.
a. If the roster team captain starts the set,
he/she must be the game captain.
S3.6.6 [Optional] An alternate captain may be designated on the line-up sheet using an a next
to the player number.
22
S3.6.7 Immediately return incomplete line-up sheets
to the 2nd referee.
S3.7 LIBERO DESIGNATION
Use blue/black ink.
S3.7.1 A Libero may be the team, game or alternate
captain.
S3.7.2 At the start of the match, each team must
decide whether to designate two (2) Liberos
for the match or zero (0) or one (1) Libero
per set. This decision must be indicated on
the LINE-UP sheet for Set 1.
S3.7.3 Zero (0) or one (1) Libero is designated on
the LINE-UP sheet for Set 1:
a. The empty Libero box(es) for Set 1 must
contain an X.
b. All remaining sets may have a maximum
of one (1) Libero designated.
c. The Libero may be a different player for
each set.
d. Record an X in the second Libero Box
(R) on the remaining sets LINE-UP
sheets.
e. Record an X in the second Libero Box
(R) in the TEAM INFO section for this
team on all non-deciding set score
sheets.
S3.7.4 Two (2) Liberos are designated on the
LINE-UP sheet for Set 1:
a. The Liberos must be the same for all sets
1) Unless a Libero re-designation has
occurred.
b. Record the two Libero numbers in
Libero Boxes on the remaining sets
LINE-UP sheets.
c. Record the two Libero numbers in the
Libero boxes in the TEAM INFO section
for this team on all non-deciding set
score sheets.
S3.8 VERIFYING LINE-UP PLAYER NUMBERS
S3.8.1 No changes to player numbers may be
made after the LINE-UP sheet has been
submitted.
23
S3.8.2 Substitutions may be made prior to the start
of any set.
S3.8.3 If rosters are used, verify the numbers on the
LINE-UP sheet are consistent with the numbers on the roster.
S3.9 RECORDING THE GAME CAPTAIN(S)
Use blue/black ink.
S3.9.1 Record the game captain's number in the CAPTAIN circle. The game captain is designated on
the LINE-UP sheet by a c.
a. If the game captain leaves:
1) An alternate captain must be designated.
b. If the game captain returns:
1) He/she will resume the duties of captain.
S3.9.2 If an alternate captain has been designated
on the LINE-UP sheet using an a, record
the alternate captain in the first available slot
in the CAPTAIN section.
COBRAS Team A; Receiving; No Rosters;
Libero 8 captain; 10 alternate captain;
Libero 8 is game captain when on
the court.
10 is game captain when 8 is off
the court.
Use blue/black ink.
S3.10.1 Record the starting players' uniform numbers in
position order in the SERVICE ORDER section.
a. Record the numbers in the middle of the
top line of each box.
b. Match the Roman numeral box on the
LINE-UP sheet to the corresponding
Roman numeral on the score sheet. Do
this for both teams regardless of which
team is serving first.
S3.10 RECORDING THE LINE-UPS
24
S3.11 CHECKING PLAYERS ON THE COURT
Verify the players on the court, using the SERVICE
ORDER section of the score sheet, as the 2nd referee checks the player's starting position on the
court using the LINE-UP sheet.
S3.11.1 Confirm the correct player numbers are on
the court.
S3.11.2 Confirm the player numbers are in the correct starting positions according to the service order.
S3.11.3 Notify the 2nd referee of any discrepancies
in either player numbers or starting positions.
S3.12 LEGAL SUBSTITUTES SECTION
Use blue/black ink.
S3.12.2 The Liberos are not Legal Substitutes.
S3.12.3 [Optional] If rosters are provided, record
the non-starting players on the roster in the
Legal Substitutes section.
S3.12.4 [Optional] If there are no available substitutes,
record "NO SUBS" in the Legal Substitutes
section.
S3.13 START TIME
Use blue/black ink.
Record the start time (using international format) in
the START TIME box when the 1st referee whistles
for the first serve. (Samples are provided in upper
right section of the score sheet.)
DURING THE SET
S4
RECORDING INFORMATION
S4.1 INFORMATION DURING THE SET
S4.1.1 Record using either pencil or blue/black ink.
25
S5
CONTROLLING SERVICE
S5.1 VERIFYING CORRECT SERVER
Verify the correct server has the ball and is preparing
to serve each time a player enters the service zone.
S6
RECORDING SERVICE AND RESULT
S6.1 SERVICE ROUNDS BOX
S6.1.1 Use one box for the entire term of service for
each position, whether the player serves
once or multiple times.
S6.1.2 The first time the correct server serves in a
particular service round, record a small
checkmark (4) through the number in the
corner of the appropriate SERVICE
ROUNDS box beneath the serving player's
number.
a. The checkmark should extend
from lower left to upper right of
the number.
S6.1.3 When the serving team wins the rally:
a. Record by slashing the
appropriate point in the
POINTS COLUMN for
the serving team.
S6.1.4 When the receiving team wins the rally:
a. Record the exit score in the
checked SERVICE ROUNDS
box.
1) The exit score is the serving
team's total cumulative points.
b. Immediately record the rally point for the
receiving team by slashing the appropriate point in that team's POINTS COLUMN.
1) The slashed rally point is 1 point
more than that team's previous exit
score, unless points have been removed due to a fault.
S6.2 LIBERO SERVING
A Libero is permitted to serve in only one rotational
position during each set.
S6.2.1 Record this position by drawing a triangle
26
around the Service Order Roman numeral the first
time a Libero serves in the set.
S6.2.2 When the serving team wins
the rally on a Libero's serve:
a. Draw a triangle around the
appropriate point in the
POINTS COLUMN.
S6.2.3 When the receiving team wins
the rally,
a. Record the exit score in the checked
SERVICE ROUNDS box.
b. Immediately record the rally point for the
receiving team by slashing the appropriate point in that team's POINTS COLUMN.
S6.3 RALLY BEING REPLAYED
When play is stopped and the rally is replayed due to
external interference of the rally:
S6.3.1 Record nothing on the score sheet.
S6.3.2 Verify the visible scoreboard reflects the correct score and no points were inadvertently
added or removed.
S7
RECORDING SERVICE FAULTS
S7.1 RECORDING THE SERVICE ROUND
If a wrong server, time violation, or serving team
penalty occurs:
S7.1.1 On the first service of that round,
do not record a checkmark (4)
through the SERVICE ROUNDS
number.
S7.1.2 After the first service of that round,
do not remove the checkmark (4).
S7.2 ROTATIONAL FAULT (WRONG SERVER)
When an incorrect player is in the service area
preparing to serve:
S7.2.1 Wait until the incorrect player contacts the
ball for service.
a. Immediately notify the 2nd referee after
27
the incorrect player contacts the ball.
S7.2.2 Record the exit score in the SERVICE
ROUNDS box of the player who should
have served.
a. No checkmark (4) is recorded or removed.
S7.2.3 No REMARK or SANCTION is recorded.
S7.2.4 Any points earned during the rotational fault
must be removed from the score sheet.
a. Record an appropriate statement in the
REMARKS section.
S7.3 SERVICE FAULT (TIME VIOLATION)
When a server fails to contact the ball in the allotted
time period or for any other reason does not actually
contact the ball for service after the 1st referee beckons
for service:
S7.3.1 Record the exit score in the SERVICE
ROUNDS box of that server.
a. No checkmark (4) is recorded or removed.
S7.3.2 No REMARK or SANCTION is recorded.
S8
RECORDING GAME CAPTAIN CHANGES
During play, there must always be a game captain on the
court.
S8.1 TEAM CAPTAIN FROM ROSTER (IF ROSTERS
ARE USED)
S8.1.1 When the team captain indicated on the roster (in the Captain box) is on the court,
he/she is the game captain.
S8.2 TEAM CAPTAIN FROM LINE-UP SHEET
S8.2.1 When the team captain indicated on the
line-up sheet (in the Captain circle) is on the
court, he/she is the game captain.
28
S8.3 TEAM CAPTAIN LEAVES THE COURT
S8.3.1 An alternate player on the court must be assigned the role of game captain.
S8.3.2 When no alternate game captain is recorded
in the alternate slots:
Inform the 2nd referee that an alternate
game captain needs to be assigned.
b. Record the alternate game captain's number in the first available alternate slot.
S8.3.3 When an alternate game captain is recorded
in the alternate slots:
a.
a.
Report the alternate game captain's
number to the 2nd referee (10 in the
diagram above)
S8.4 ALTERNATE GAME CAPTAIN LEAVES THE
COURT
S8.4.1 Inform the 2nd referee that a new alternate
game captain needs to be assigned.
S8.4.2 Slash the exiting number in the alternate
slots.
S8.4.3 Record the new alternate game captain's
number in the next available alternate slot.
Example: 10 leaves the court and 9 is
the alternate captain.
Note: When 10 re-enters the court, 9
remains the alternate game captain.
S9
SUBSTITUTIONS
S9.1 GENERAL INFORMATION
S9.1.1 Each team is limited to 12 team substitutions
per set.
S9.1.2 Players may enter a set an unlimited number
of times within the team substitution limit, but
always in the same rotational position relative to teammates.
S9.1.3 An unlimited number of players are allowed
to substitute into a given rotational position.
29
S9.2 LEGAL SUBSTITUTIONS
A legal substitution must meet all the following:
S9.2.1 The request must be within the team substitution limit.
S9.2.2 When using rosters:
a. The substitute must be on the roster.
S9.2.3 The substitute must enter in the correct rotational position.
S9.2.4 The substitute cannot have been:
a. Replaced by an exceptional substitution
during the match;
b. Declared unable to play during the
match;
c. Expelled during the set;
d. Disqualified during the match.
S9.3 ADMINISTERING SUBSTITUTIONS
When the 2nd referee authorizes a substitution.
S9.3.1 Confirm the legality of the substitution.
a. Immediately notify the 2nd referee if the
substitution is not legal.
b. Remove any incorrectly recorded
substitution information (if any).
S9.3.2 Record the substitution.
S9.3.3 Notify the 2nd referee when a team has
used its 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th substitutions.
S9.3.4 Display the READY signal to the 2nd referee.
S9.4 MULTIPLE SUBSTITUTIONS (SAME TEAM)
The 2nd referee will authorize a pair to exchange followed by another pair until all substitutions have
been completed.
S9.4.1 Administer each substitution separately
using the procedures above.
a. Confirm legality.
b. Record substitution.
c. Notify 2nd referee of 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th
team substitutions.
d. Display the ready signal to confirm each
substitution has been recorded.
30
S9.5 SIMULTANEOUS SUBSTITUTION BY
BOTH TEAMS
When both teams request substitutions during the
same dead ball.
S9.5.1 Administer each substitution in the same
order as authorized by the 2nd referee.
S9.6 RECORDING SUBSTITUTIONS
S9.6.1 Record the substitution in the
first available row in the Score
at Substitution section beneath
the player number leaving the
set.
a. Record the entering player
number in the left box.
b. Record the score at time of
substitution in the right box.
S9.6.2 Record the total
number of team
substitutions used
by slashing the next
un-slashed number in the Substitutions row
beneath the SERVICE ROUNDS section.
S9.6.3 When rosters are used and this is the first
time the player has entered the game:
a. Slash the player number in the
Legal Substitutes section.
S9.7 RECORDING MORE THAN EIGHT (8)
SUBSTITUTIONS IN ONE ROTATIONAL
POSITION
S9.7.1 Record the substitution in the available
SCORE at SUBSTITUTION boxes in an adjoining column.
S9.7.2 Draw a dark line around the adjoining
SCORE at SUBSTITUTION column area to
indicate this information belongs with the
original substitution position (see diagram at
the top of the next page).
31
S10 EXCEPTIONAL SUBSTITUTIONS
S10.1 WHEN PERMITTED
S10.1.1 An injured or ill player (except a Libero) who
cannot continue playing should be substituted legally or, if in the back row, legally replaced by the Libero
S10.1.2 If this is not possible, the team is entitled to
make an exceptional substitution.
S10.2 PRIORITY FOR EXECEPTIONAL SUBSTITUTION
S10.2.1 By the starter or a substitute who has played
in the position of the injured player, or by
any substitute who has not already participated in the set;
S10.2.2 By any substitute on the bench, regardless
of position previously played;
S10.2.3 By the Libero.
S10.3 RECORDING EXCEPTIONAL SUBSTITUTIONS
S10.3.1 Circle the injured player's number in the
SERVICE ORDER or
SCORE at SUBSTITUTION section to
indicate that the player
is prohibited from
returning to the match.
S10.3.2 Record the incoming player's number in the
next available substitution box.
S10.3.3 Do not record the score in the SCORE at
32
tution.
SUBSTITUTION section.
S10.3.4 Do not slash any substitution number in the
Substitutions row beneath the SERVICE
ROUNDS section. An exceptional substitution is not counted as one of the team's
allowable team subs.
S10.3.5 RECORD REMARKS
a. Record a comment in the REMARKS
section, noting the action (EX SUB), the
uniform numbers of the incoming player
and injured player, the team name or letter designation, the set number, and the
score at the time of the exceptional substi-
b.
If more sets will be played in the match:
1) Record this remark onto all subsequent
score sheets.
2) This player will be recorded in the
Legal Substitutes section of subsequent score sheets inside a circle.
This indicates that this player cannot
be used as a legal substitute.
S10.4 EXCEPTIONAL SUBSTITUTIONS INVOLVING
THE LIBERO
As the last option, a Libero may be used as the exceptional substitute.
S10.4.1 If the team has two Liberos, either Libero
may be selected as the exceptional substitute and the team will be limited to one
Libero for the remainder of the match.
S10.4.2 If the team is using one Libero, the team will
play the remainder of the match with no
Libero.
S10.4.3 Record the selected Libero's number in the
next available substitution box.
S10.4.4 Do not record the score in the SCORE at
SUBSTITUTION section.
S10.4.5 RECORD THE EXCEPTIONAL SUBSTITUTE
a. Slash the selected Libero's number in
the Libero# box next to the team name.
33
b.
The Libero's number is also slashed on
the Libero Control Sheet.
c.
If more sets will be played in the match:
1) Record this remark onto all subsequent score sheets.
When two (2) Liberos are designated
for the match and more sets will be
played:
1) Record this slash onto all subsequent set score sheets and the
Libero Control Sheet.
d.
S10.4.6 RECORD REMARKS
a. Record a comment in the REMARKS
section as follows:
S11 TIME-OUTS
S11.1 RECORDING TIME OUTS
S11.1.1 Record the score at the
time-out in the
TIME-OUTS box located
under the team's POINTS
COLUMN section.
S11.1.2 Record the first time-out in the top box.
S11.1.3 Record the second time-out in the lower box.
S11.2 COMMUNICATING WITH SECOND REFEREE
S11.2.1 Immediately after recording the time-out:
a. Visually signal the number of time-outs
taken by each team to the 2nd referee.
34
S11.2.2 At the conclusion of the time-out:
a. Display the ready signal to the 2nd referee.
S12 IMPROPER REQUEST
The IMPROPER REQUEST section is used to denote that
a team has made an improper request.
S12.1 RECORDING AN IMPROPER REQUEST
S12.1.1 Record an X over the appropriate A or B
for the team that made the improper request
S12.1.2 If more sets will be played in this match;
a. Record this Improper Request onto all
subsequent score sheets.
S12.1.3 A team may be charged with an improper request after being sanctioned with a delay.
S13 SANCTIONS BOX
S13.1 GENERAL INFORMATION
S13.1.1 The SANCTIONS section is used to record
sanctions applied by the 1st referee.
S13.1.2 Information recorded in the SANCTIONS
section needs no further notation in the
REMARKS section.
S13.1.3 Each recorded sanction should include:
a. the specific sanction:
1) delay or misconduct warning,
2) delay or misconduct penalty,
3) expulsion or disqualification;
b. the player number or bench personnel
code (if applicable);
c. the team at fault (use A or B team designation);
d. the set number;
e. the score at the time of the sanction.
S13.1.4 If more sets will be played in the match:
a. Record all sanctions onto all subsequent score sheets.
S13.1.5 When a penalty is recorded in the Penalty
column, there must be a corresponding
penalty point recorded in the opponent's
Points column.
35
S13.2 DELAY WARNING
(Yellow card shown on wrist)
S13.2.1 Record a D in the W Warn column, record
the team at fault, the set number, and the
score.
a.
There is only one yellow card delay
warning per team/per match.
S13.3 MISCONDUCT WARNING (Yellow card)
S13.3.1 Record the player number or bench personnel code (refer to the legend next to the
SANCTIONS box) in the W Warn column,
record the team at fault, the set number, and
the score.
a.
There is only one yellow card misconduct warning per team/per match.
S13.4 DELAY PENALTY (Red card shown on
wrist)
S13.4.1 Record a D in the P Penalty column, Team B
the team at fault, the set number,
and the score at the time of
the penalty.
S13.4.2 If penalty is against the serving team, record
the serving team's exit score.
S13.4.3 Record the awarded penalty point. Slash
and circle the opposing team's next point in
the POINTS COLUMN.
36
S13.5 MISCONDUCT PENALTY (Red card)
S13.5.1 Record the player number or bench personnel code (refer to the legend next to the
SANCTIONS box), in the P Penalty column,
the team at fault, the set number, and the
Team A
score at the time of the penalty.
S13.5.2 If penalty is against the serving
team, record the serving team's
exit score.
S13.5.3 Record the awarded penalty point.
Slash and circle the opposing team's next
point in the POINTS COLUMN.
S13.6 MISCONDUCT EXPULSION (Red and Yellow
card shown together)
S13.6.1 A team member sanctioned by expulsion;
a. Shall not play for the rest of the set;
b. Must be substituted legally and immediately if on the court.
(Exceptional Substitution is not permitted)
Otherwise, the team is incomplete.
c. May not remain on the bench
(Seated in penalty area if available)
S13.6.2 RECORD THE EXPULSION
a. Record the player number or bench personnel code (refer to the legend next to
the SANCTIONS box), in the E Expel
column, the team at fault, the set number, and the score at the time of the expulsion.
No loss of service or penalty point
awarded.
S13.6.3 RECORD THE REQUIRED LEGAL
SUBSTITUTION
a. Circle the expelled player's number in
the SERVICE ORDER or SCORE AT
SUBSTITUTION section indicating the
player shall not play for the rest of this set.
b.
37
b.
Complete recording the substitution
using the procedure as outlined in S9.6.
S13.7 MISCONDUCT DISQUALIFICATION
(Red and Yellow card shown apart)
S13.7.1 A team member sanctioned by disqualification:
a. Must be substituted legally and immediately if on the court.
(Exceptional Substitution is not permitted.)
Otherwise, the team is incomplete.
b. Must leave the Competition-Control Area
for the rest of the match. (Must leave
the Gym.)
S13.7.2 RECORD THE DISQUALIFICATION
a. Record the player number or bench personnel code (refer to the legend next to
the SANCTIONS box), in the D DisQ
column, the team at fault, the set number, and the score at the time of the
disqualification.
S13.7.3 RECORD THE DISQUALIFICATION
a. Record the player number or bench personnel code (refer to the legend next to
the SANCTIONS box), in the D DisQ
column, the team at fault, the set number, and the score at the time of the
disqualification.
No loss of service or penalty point
awarded.
S13.7.4 RECORD THE REQUIRED LEGAL
SUBSTITUTION
a. Circle the disqualified player's number in
the SERVICE ORDER or SCORE AT
SUBSTITUTION section indicating the
player shall not play for the rest of the
match.
b. Complete recording the substitution
using the procedure as outlined in S9.6.
c. This player will be recorded in the
b.
38
Legal Substitutes section of subsequent
score sheets inside a circle.
This indicates that this player cannot be
used as a legal substitute.
S14 REMARKS SECTION
S14.1 USE of the REMARKS Section.
S14.1.1 Do Not record frivolous remarks.
S14.1.2 Record any noteworthy situation that occurs
and is pertinent to the progress of the set.
S14.1.3 Record information that cannot be recorded
in the SANCTIONS box:
a. Reason for Referee actions such as:
1) Defaulted/Forfeited set;
2) Points cancelled by referees;
3) Unusually long delays not covered
by delay sanctions.
b. Late Match Start
c. Teams in DEFAULT;
d. FORFEITs;
e. Incomplete teams;
f. Exceptional Substitutions (EX SUB);
g. Penalties that cannot be recorded in the
SANCTIONS box:
1) Late work teams, violation of event
rules;
h. Other.
S14.1.4 Record additional information as needed:
a. Player number or bench personnel code;
b. Team (A or B);
c. Set number;
d. Score at time of situation.
S14.2 PREFERRED RECORDING TECHNIQUES
S14.2.1 (Preferred Technique) Record information
in the REMARKS section in the same order
as the SANCTIONS box.
S14.2.2 The order of recording information in the
REMARKS section is not critical as long as
all necessary information is recorded.
39
S14.3 EXAMPLE OF LATE START AND LATE
WORK TEAM PENALTY
Team A
S14.3.1 Record the awarded penalty
points. Slash and circle first
three points in Team A's
POINTS COLUMN.
S15 SCORING ACTIONS INVOLVING THE LIBERO
S15.1 LIBERO UNABLE TO PLAY DUE TO
ILLNESS, INJURY OR DECLARATION
S15.1.1 REMARKS
a. Record a comment in the REMARKS
section when any Libero becomes unable to play.
b.
If more sets will be played in the match:
1) Record this remark onto all subsequent score sheets.
S15.1.2 RECORD THE LIBERO (UNABLE TO PLAY)
a. Circle the number of the Libero unable
to play (next to the team name). This
player will be unable to play for the
remainder of the match.
b.
c.
The Libero number is also circled on the
Libero Control Sheet.
When two (2) Liberos are designated
for the match and more sets will be
played:
1) Record this circle onto all subsequent set score sheets and the
Libero Control Sheet.
40
S15.2 AN EXPELLED LIBERO
S15.2.1 A Libero sanctioned by expulsion;
a. Shall not play for the rest of the set;
b. Must be replaced immediately, if on the
court.
c. May not remain on the bench
(Seated in penalty area if available)
S15.2.2 RECORD THE EXPULSION
a. Record the Libero number in the E
Expel column, the team at fault, the set
number, and the score at the time of the
expulsion.
No loss of service or penalty point
awarded.
S15.2.3 RECORD THE EXPELLED LIBERO
a. Circle the number of the expelled Libero
(next to the team name).
b.
b.
The Libero number is also circled on the
Libero Control Sheet.
S15.3A DISQUALIFIED LIBERO
S15.3.1 A Libero sanctioned by disqualification;
a. Must be replaced immediately, if on the
court.
b. Must leave the Competition-Control Area
for the rest of the match.
(Must leave the Gym.)
S15.3.2 RECORD THE DISQUALIFICATION
a. Record the Libero number in the D DisQ
column, the team at fault, the set number, and the score at the time of the
disqualification.
No loss of service or penalty point
awarded.
S15.3.3 RECORDING THE DISQUALIFIED LIBERO
a. Circle the number of the disqualified
b.
41
b.
c.
Libero (next to the team name)
The Libero number is also circled on the
Libero Control Sheet.
When two (2) Liberos are designated
for the match and more sets will be
played:
1) Record this circle onto all subsequent set score sheets and the
Libero Control Sheet.
S15.4LIBERO REDESIGNATION
S15.4.1 Libero redesignation is permitted only when
a team has only one Libero and that Libero
becomes unable to play.
S15.4.2 If the team redesignates a Libero, record the
redesignation in the REMARKS section.
S15.4.3 RECORD THE REDESIGNATED LIBERO
a. Record the number of the redesignated
Libero above the Libero box (next to the
team name).
b.
c.
This number is also recorded on the
Libero Control Sheet for the current set.
When two (2) Liberos are designated
for the match and more sets will be
played:
1) Record this number onto all subsequent set score sheets and the
Libero Control Sheet.
42
S16 SET POINT SIGNAL
S16.1 NOTIFY THE 2ND REFEREE WHEN EITHER
TEAM'S NEXT POINT WOULD END THE
SET.
S16.1.1 Place the index finger on the front of the shoulder
on the side of the team with the set point.
a. Repeat the signal only if a different set
point situation occurs.
S17 POST SET PROCEDURES
S17.1 FINAL POINT SCORED
S17.1.1 Slash the final point in the POINTS column.
S17.1.2 Cross forearms in front of the chest (palms
facing toward body) to indicate the end of
the set/match.
S17.1.3 Record the point total as the final exit score.
a. When final point is scored by the serving
team:
1) Record the final exit score in the current SERVICE ROUNDS box.
b. When final point is scored by the receiving team on the opponent's loss of rally:
1) Record the final exit score
in the next available
SERVICE ROUNDS box.
2) Do not record a checkmark (4)
through the SERVICE ROUNDS box
number.
S17.2 FROM THIS POINT FORWARD RECORD ALL
INFORMATION USING BLUE/BLACK INK
S17.3 END TIME AND FINAL EXIT SCORES
Use blue/black ink.
S17.3.1 Record the set ending time
in the END TIME box.
a. End time is when the referees ended the
final rally.
S17.3.2 Circle the final exit score in the SERVICE
ROUNDS box for each team
43
S17.4 POINTS COLUMN
Use blue/black ink.
S17.4.1 Do not circle the final point in the POINTS column,
unless it was the result of a penalty point.
S17.4.2 Cancel all unused points using the T-Bar Method.
S17.4.3 T-Bar Method
a. At the end of each set,
using a straight edge:
1) Draw a horizontal line
across the column
underneath the last
point recorded.
2) Draw a vertical line
through the numbers
from the horizontal
line to the bottom
of the column.
3) For each unused
column containing
a number, draw a
vertical line through the numbers
from top to bottom of the column.
S17.5 SET RESULTS
Use blue/black ink.
S17.5.1 Record the winning team name and score in
the upper section (Winning) of the appropriate SET RESULTS box.
S17.5.2 Record the losing team name and score in
the lower section (Losing) of the appropriate
SET RESULTS box.
S17.6 SCORE SHEET REVIEW
S17.6.1 Review for completeness and accuracy
a. Start and End Times
b. Confirm substitutions areas all agree
1) Count substitutions in SCORE at
SUBSTITUTION section.
2) Compare to total substitutions in
Substitutions row.
S17.6.2 Check accuracy of scores by matching:
a. Final Exit Score;
44
b. Last Point recorded in POINTS column;
c. Scores recorded in SET RESULTS.
S17.6.3 Check accuracy of SET RESULTS
a. Winning and Losing Teams are correct;
b. Scores are accurately recorded and
match other scores.
S17.7 SIGNATURE
Use blue/black ink.
When using the 1-up score sheet.
S17.7.1 Sign the score sheet after the review.
When using the 2-up score sheet.
S17.7.2 Sign the score sheet after the 2nd set has
been completed and reviewed.
S17.8 PREPARING ADDITIONAL SCORE SHEETS
S17.8.1 Record all sanctions and pertinent remarks
that affect the administration of remaining
sets onto all subsequent score sheets.
S17.8.2 Verify all players either disqualified or replaced through exceptional substitution are
not listed as Legal Substitutes.
S18 POST MATCH PROCEDURES
Upon completion of the Match
S18.1 RECORD MATCH RESULTS
Use blue/black ink.
S18.1.1 Record the winning team name in the
MATCH WINNER box on all score sheets
used in the match.
S18.1.2 Record the number of sets won and lost.
S18.1.3 If a tie occurs (some competitions play two sets
only) record SPLIT/TIED as the winning team.
45
S18.2 1st REFEREE SIGNATURE
Use blue/black ink.
S18.2.1 Assist the 1st referee (as needed) as he/she
reviews and signs all used score sheets.
S18.3 SCORE SHEETS
S18.3.1 Process completed score sheets as
instructed by tournament management.
S18.4 SCORER TABLE
S18.4.1 Before leaving:
a. Discard all work papers, Line-up Sheets,
Libero Control Sheet.
b. Remove all personal items;
c. Discard all trash.
46
DECIDING SET SCORE SHEET
Diagram 2
47
S19 DECIDING SET SCORE SHEET
S19.1 DECIDING SET SCORE SHEET
A deciding set score sheet is used for multiple match
situations:
S19.1.1 When a best-of-three match is tied 1-1 or a
best-of-five match is tied 2-2, a deciding set
is played.
a. The set is played to fifteen (15) points
with a minimum lead of two (2) points.
b. Teams will change courts at eight (8)
points.
S19.1.2 When a playoff set to twenty-five (25) points
is played.
a. The set is played to twenty-five (25)
points with a minimum lead of two (2)
points.
b. Teams will change courts at thirteen
(13)
points.
S19.1.3 When a playoff set to fifteen (15) points is
played.
a. The set is played to fifteen (15) points
with a minimum lead of two (2) points.
b. Teams will change courts at eight (8)
points.
S19.1.4 When the third set of an 'automatic 3 set'
match is played like a deciding set.
a. A coin toss is conducted.
b. The set is played to twenty-five (25)
points with a minimum lead of two (2)
points.
c. Teams will change courts at thirteen
(13)
points.
S19.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF A DECIDING SET
SCORE SHEET
S19.2.1 A deciding set score sheet contains:
a. All the information of a non-deciding set
score sheet.
1) Due to the change of courts, scoring
information is recorded differently
than in a non-deciding set.
b. A LEFT section which is:
1) Used to record scoring information about
the team starting on the left court.
48
2) Not used after the court change.
A MIDDLE section which is
1) Used to record scoring information
about the team starting on the right
court and finishing on thelLeft court;
2) Used during the entire set.
d. A RIGHT section which is:
1) Used before the court change, to
record certain information about the
team starting on the left court.
2) Used after the court change, to
record all scoring information about
the team now on the right court.
c.
S19.3 PREPARING A DECIDING SET SCORE SHEET
Use blue/black ink.
S19.3.1 Record 3, 5 or 1 (for a single playoff set) in
the Set box.
S19.3.2 Record all heading information and all officials' names.
S19.3.3 Record all sanction information from the previous score sheets (if any).
S19.3.4 Record any pertinent information in the
REMARKS section from the previous score
sheets (if any).
S19.4 AFTER THE COIN TOSS
Use blue/black ink.
S19.4.1 For the team starting on the left court:
a. Record all information on both the LEFT
and RIGHT sections.
S19.4.2 For the team starting on the right court:
a. Record all information on the MIDDLE
section.
S19.4.3 Record the following information:
a. Team A/B designation from Set 1 in the
A/B circle.
1) For a one (1) set playoff the team
starting on the left court will be
designated Team A.
b. Team Name in the TEAM INFO section.
S19.4.4 Record and Serve Receive.
a. For the team serving first:
1) Record an X through the ;
49
a.
For the team receiving first:
1) Record an X through the ;
2) Record an X in box 1 of the
SERVICE ROUNDS section for the
player in SERVICE ORDER I.
i. If the team receiving first is on
the left court, Record the X in
the LEFT section ONLY.
S19.5 RECORDING INFORMATION AFTER
LINE-UP SUBMISSION
Use blue/black ink.
S19.5.1 For the team starting on the left court:
a. On the LEFT section, record:
1) The starting line-up;
2) The CAPTAIN information;
3) The Libero# information.
b. On the RIGHT section, record:
1) The starting line-up;
2) The CAPTAIN information.
S19.5.2 For the team starting on the right court:
a. On the MIDDLE section, record:
1) The starting line-up;
2) The CAPTAIN information;
3) The Libero# information.
EXAMPLE
No Rosters are available.
COBRAS receiving from left
court.
EAGLES serving from right
court.
50
S19.6 LEGAL SUBSTITUTES SECTION
Use blue/black ink.
S19.6.1 Complete the Legal Substitutes section
(S3.12) for team starting on left court on:
a. The LEFT section;
b. The RIGHT section.
S19.6.2 Complete the Legal Substitutes (S3.12)
section for team starting on right court on:
a. The MIDDLE section.
S19.7 RECORD THE START TIME
Use blue/black ink.
S20 DECIDING SET PROCEDURES
S20.1 RECORD INFORMATION
USING EITHER PENCIL OR BLUE/BLACK INK
S20.2 BEFORE THE COURT CHANGE
S20.2.1 The set proceeds like any other set until the
court change.
S20.2.2 For the team on the left court:
a. Record all actions on the LEFT section;
b. Record the following in both the LEFT
and RIGHT sections:
1) All substitution information;
2) All CAPTAIN changes;
3) All TIME OUTS.
c. DO NOT RECORD the following information
in the LEFT section:
1) Points in the POINTS Column;
2) Exit Scores in the SERVICE ROUNDS.
S20.2.3 For the team on the right court:
a. Record all actions on the MIDDLE section;
S20.2.4 Signal the COURT CHANGE POINT (S16.1).
a. Notify the 2nd referee when either team's next
point would cause the COURT CHANGE.
51
S20.3 WHEN THE COURT CHANGE POINT IS
SCORED
S20.3.1 The court change point is either eight (8) for
a fifteen (15) point set or thirteen (13) for a
twenty-five (25) point set.
S20.3.2 Notify the 2nd referee that the court change
point has been scored.
a. At this time, the teams will change courts
as directed by the 1st referee.
S20.3.3 If a team scores the court change point from
the opponent's serve:
a. Record the opponent's exit score;
b. Record the rally point for the receiving
team.
S20.4 AT THE COURT CHANGE
S20.4.1 Verify that all visual scoreboards are
changed to reflect the court change.
S20.4.2 Record the current score of the team from
the LEFT section (prior to court change) in the
Points at Chg circle on the RIGHT section.
a. Points at Chg circle is located to the left
of the team name.
1) The first point in the RIGHT section
POINTS COLUMN will be the number
following the number in the Points at
Chg circle.
S20.4.3 The anchor point:
a. Is the last exit score from the LEFT section;
1) Is always recorded regardless of
whether the team is serving or receiving;
2) If the team that started on the left
court has not served before the
court change, the anchor point is
the X;
S20.4.4 Record the anchor point on the RIGHT
section.
a. Do not record the checkmark (4).
52
EXAMPLE
COBRAS serve point 8, change courts and serve point 9 and
then lose the next rally.
S20.5 AFTER THE COURT CHANGE
S20.5.1 The LEFT section is no longer used.
S20.5.2 Complete the set recording all information on
the MIDDLE and RIGHT section.
S21 POST DECIDING SET PROCEDURES
S21.1 RECORD FINAL POINT SCORED BY
WINNING TEAM
S21.2 FROM THIS POINT FORWARD RECORD ALL
INFORMATION USING BLUE/BLACK INK
S21.3 RECORD THE END TIME AND FINAL EXIT
SCORES
Use blue/black ink.
S21.4 POINTS COLUMN
Use blue/black ink.
S21.4.1 Using the T-Bar method:
a. Cancel all unused points on the
MIDDLE and RIGHT Points columns
ONLY.
b. DO NOT CANCEL the unused points on
the LEFT Points column.
S21.5 REVIEW THE SCORE SHEET
S21.6 SIGN THE SCORE SHEET
Use blue/black ink.
53
S21.7 FOLLOW ALL POST MATCH PROCEDURES
UNUSUAL MATCH SITUATIONS
S22 SET SCORE EXCEEDS POINTS COLUMN
S22.1 WHEN THE SET SCORE EXCEEDS
THIRTY-SIX (36) POINTS:
S22.1.1 Use the blank column to write additional
numbers manually;
S22.1.2 Record points scored using these additional
numbers;
S22.1.3 Using the T-Bar method:
a. Cancel any unused additional numbers;
b. Cancel the remainder of the column.
S23 REMOVING POINTS
S23.1 SOME FAULTS, WHEN NOT DISCOVERED
IMMEDIATELY, REQUIRE THE REMOVAL OF
POINTS
S23.1.1 These faults include:
a. Wrong player on the court;
b. Illegal player on the court;
c. Rotational fault;
d. Illegal substitution;
e. Illegal Libero replacement.
S23.1.2 If the exact moment of the fault can be determined, all subsequent points scored by the
team at fault will be removed.
S23.1.3 Points will be removed regardless of
whether the opponents have served.
S23.1.4 Points will be removed at the direction of the referees.
a. The scorer may provide assistance to
the referees, but must follow all directions of the referees.
S23.1.5 Remove points in the POINTS COLUMN
as INCORRECT INFORMATION (S1.2).
54
S23.1.6 Record a remark in the REMARKS section.
S23.1.7 All penalty points removed must be restored.
a. A remark specifying the number of penalty
points restored must be made in the
REMARKS section.
S23.1.7 No previously recorded exit scores are changed.
S23.1.8 When the team at fault is serving:
a. Remove points in the POINTS COLUMN;
b. Opponents are awarded a point and service;
1) Record this slashed rally point.
c. Record the exit score that reflects the
score after all points have been removed.
S23.1.9 When the team at fault is receiving:
a. Remove points in the POINTS COLUMN;
b. Do not change any previously recorded
exit scores.
S23.1.10 When the team at fault wins the serve:
a. They will start at the revised score;
b. The exit score will reflect the new score.
S23.1.11 The team at fault may have a current
exit score less than the previously
recorded exit score.
EXAMPLE
TEAM B AT FAULT (SERVING)
•
A wrong player entered when Team B had 10 points
•
#4 is serving
Team B - Exit Scores before fault discovered
•
•
•
Fault is discovered during #4's term of service
Team B's score goes back to 10 (removal of points)
Team A awarded point and service
Team B - Exit Scores after removing points
55
TEAM B AT FAULT (RECEIVING)
•
A wrong player entered when Team B had 10 points
•
Team A is serving
Team B - Exit Scores before fault discovered
•
•
•
•
•
Fault is discovered during Team A's term of service
Team B's score goes back to 10 (removal of points)
Team A loses the serve
Team B's score is 11 when Team B 4 begins the
term of service
Team B 4 serves into the net
Team B - Exit Scores after 4 completes term of service
S24 PROTESTS
S24.1 When a protest is accepted by the 1st referee:
S24.1.1 When a Protest Committee makes an immediate ruling before play is resumed:
a. In the REMARKS section:
1) Record that a protest has been accepted.
2) Do not record the protest facts.
3) Record the decision (UPHELD/DENIED).
4) Record any time delay caused by
the protest as directed by the referees.
i. As a courtesy, scorer may track
the time delay.
S24.1.2 When a ruling is not immediate:
a. In the REMARKS section:
1) Record that a protest has been accepted.
2) Record the Protest facts as specified
in USAV 5.1.2.1.
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S25 FORFEITS
S25.1 A FORFEIT OF SETS OR MATCHES CAN
OCCUR FOR REASONS SUCH AS:
S25.1.1 Team declared in default for:
a. Refusal to play;
b. Not appearing on playing court on time.
S25.1.2 Team declared INCOMPLETE for the set or
match.
S25.1.3 Team does not have six players to begin a
match.
S25.2 A TEAM DECLARED IN DEFAULT FORFEITS
THE MATCH WITH:
S25.2.1 The match result of:
a. 0-3 for a best-of five match;
b. 0-2 for a best-of-three match-set.
c. The score for each set will be 0-25.
1) Any sets completed will revert to a
score of 0-25.
S25.3 A TEAM DECLARED INCOMPLETE FOR THE
SET OR MATCH FORFEITS THE SET OR
MATCH WITH:
S25.3.1 The incomplete team keeping all points
scored and sets won;
S25.3.2 The opponent given the points needed to
win the set or the points and sets needed to
win the set and match.
S25.4A TEAM THAT DOES NOT HAVE SIX
PLAYERS TO BEGIN THE MATCH:
S25.4.1 Forfeits the first set at match time;
S25.4.2 Is given an interval of up to 10 minutes to
produce sufficient players to play the next
set.
S25.4.3 If after the 10-minute interval there are still
not six (6) players ready to play:
a. The second set is forfeit.
S25.4.4 If the match is a best-of-three:
a. The match is forfeit.
S25.4.5 If the match is a best-of-five or automatic
three (3) set match:
a. Another interval of up to 10 minutes is
given;
b. If after the 10-minute interval there are
57
still not six (6) players ready to play:
1) The third set is forfeit;
2) The match is forfeit.
S25.5 RECORDING A FORFEIT FOR AN
UNPLAYED SET
Use blue/black ink.
S25.5.1 If a set number is not pre-printed in the Set
box:
a. Record the set number of each forfeited
set:
S25.5.2 If available complete:
a. Serving and receiving teams (S3.3);
b. Team Designation (S3.1);
c. Team Information (S3.2);
d. Libero Designation (S3.);
e. Game Captains (S3.9);
f. Starting Line-ups (S3.10).
S25.5.3 Record the Start and End Time of the
forfeited set.
S25.5.4 Write '- - - - - FORFEIT - - - - -' across the
entire score sheet.
S25.5.5 In the POINTS COLUMN:
a. Do not:
1) Slash and circle any points;
2) Cancel any unused points.
S25.6 MATCH DECLARED A FORFEIT BEFORE
THE FIRST SERVE OF THE MATCH
Use blue/black ink.
S25.6.1 Record all heading information (S2.2).
S25.6.2 Record the officials' names (S.2.3).
S25.6.3 Record the first set as a forfeit (S25.5).
S25.6.4 In the REMARKS section:
a. Record comments regarding the circumstances of the forfeit.
58
S25.6.5 Record the SET RESULTS:
a. Winning TEAM;
b. Set score of 0-25;
c. For a 2-up sheet:
1) Record both SET 1 and SET 2 RESULTS.
S25.6.6 Follow all POST MATCH PROCEDURES (S18).
S25.7 FORFEIT DUE TO INSUFFICIENT PLAYERS
TO START THE MATCH
Use blue/black ink.
S25.7.1 Record all heading information (S2.2).
S25.7.2 Record the officials' names (S.2.3).
S25.7.3 Record the first set as a forfeit (S25.5).
S25.7.4 Record a remark in the REMARKS section.
S25.7.5 Record the SET RESULTS (S17.5).
S25.7.6 After expiration of the 10-minute interval:
a. Record remarks in the REMARKS section:
1) Indicating the next set is forfeited;
b. Record the SET RESULTS (S17.5).
S25.7.7 For a best-of-five or automatic three (3) set
match repeat S25.7.6 one more time.
S25.7.8 When the match is forfeited:
a. Record a remark in the REMARKS section.
b.
Follow all POST MATCH PROCEDURES
(S18).
S25.8 FORFEIT AFTER SET BEGINS DUE TO
INCOMPLETE TEAM
S25.8.1 Opponent is awarded
sufficient points to produce
a winning score.
a. Record these points in the
POINTS COLUMN as
PENALTY POINTS (S1.6).
1) Slash and circle each
point.
59
S25.8.2 Record a remark in the REMARKS section.
S25.8.3 Follow all POST SET PROCEDURES (S17).
S25.8.4 Record the remaining forfeited sets (S25.5).
S25.8.5 If the match is forfeited:
a. Follow all POST MATCH PROCEDURES
(S18).
S25.9 FORFEIT AFTER MATCH BEGINS DUE TO
TEAM BEING DECLARED IN DEFAULT
A team could be declared in default for refusing to
play when directed by the referees. While this is
rare, the scorer need to be prepared to record this
forfeit.
S25.9.1 A team in default forfeits all sets, even those
already played or in progress.
a. The set score will be 0-25 for all sets.
b. The match score will be:
1) 0-2 for a best-of-three match;
2) 0-3 for a best-of-five match.
S25.9.2 For all sets played or the set in progress:
Use blue/black ink.
a. Write '- - - - - FORFEIT - - - - -' across
the entire score sheet.
b. Correct the SET RESULTS box to reflect
the opponent winning the set with a
score of 0-25.
S25.9.3 Record any remaining forfeited sets (S25.5).
S25.9.4 Record a remark in the REMARKS section.
S25.9.5 Follow all POST MATCH PROCEDURES
(S18).
60
ASSISTANT SCORER RESPONSIBILITIES
Diagram 3
61
A1
TERMINOLOGY
A1.1 ACTING LIBERO
The Libero on the court.
A1.2 SECOND LIBERO
The Libero (if two (2) are designated) that is not on
the court.
A1.3 THE L LIBERO
The Libero recorded on the line-up sheet in the first
Libero box.
A1.4 THE R LIBERO
The second Libero, if recorded on the line-up sheet,
in the second Libero box.
A1.5 RALLY
A sequence of playing actions from the moment of the
service hit by the server until the ball is out of play.
A1.6 COMPLETED RALLY
The sequence of playing actions which results in the
award of a point.
This includes the award of a penalty and loss of
service for serving faults outside the time limit.
A1.7 LIBERO REPLACEMENT
A1.7.1 When the Libero replaces a regular player in
the back row.
A1.7.2 When the Acting Libero is replaced on the
court by the:
a. The regular replacement player in that position;
b. The second Libero.
A2
LIBERO REPLACEMENTS
A2.1 CHARACTERISTICS
A2.1.1 Libero replacements:
a. Are not counted as substitutions.
b. Are unlimited.
c. Can take place:
1) At the start of each set;
2) While the ball is out of play and before the whistle for service.
62
(left
A2.1 LIMITATIONS
A2.1.1 At the start of each set, the Libero may not
enter the court until authorized by the 2nd referee.
a. Either Libero, L or R, may enter the set.
A2.1.2 The regular replacement player must be the
regular player originally replaced by the
Libero.
A2.1.3 There must be a completed rally between
two Libero replacements unless:
a. A penalty causes the team to rotate and
the Libero moves to position four
front);
b. The Acting Libero becomes unable to
play;
c. In one rotation, the Libero can replace
the player in position one (right back)
and serve the next rally.
A2.2 ILLEGAL REPLACEMENTS
A2.2.1 An illegal Libero replacement can involve
(amongst others):
a. No completed rally between replacements;
b. The Libero being replaced by a player
other than:
1) The second Libero;
2) The regular replacement player (the
regular player originally replaced by
the Libero).
A2.2.2 Illegal Libero replacements are considered
in the same way as an illegal substitution.
a. If noticed before the next rally:
1) It is corrected by the referees;
2) The team is sanctioned for delay.
b. Is noticed after the service hit:
1) Treated the same as an illegal
substitution.
A3
LIBERO REDESIGNATIONS
A3.1 TEAMS WITH ONE LIBERO
A3.1.1 If this Libero becomes unable to play:
a. The coach or captain may re-designate,
as Libero, any other player (replacement
player excepted) not on the court at the
moment of the re-designation.
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A4
ASSISTANT SCORER DUTIES
A4.1 USE THE LIBERO CONTROL SHEET TO:
A4.1.1 Identify each team's designated Liberos;
A4.1.2 Verify that Libero replacements are legal;
A4.1.3 Record Libero replacements;
A4.1.4 Record substitutions;
A4.1.5 Verify that the correct players return to court
after time outs and after the court change in
deciding sets;
A4.1.6 Identify which Libero (L or R) is the Acting
Libero.
A4.2 COMMUNICATE WITH SCORER AND 2ND
REFEREE
A4.2.1 Immediately notify 2nd referee if an illegal
Libero replacement occurs.
a. If possible, as soon as it occurs to prevent further consequences;
b. As soon as the replacement is discovered to be illegal.
A4.2.2 After time outs and the court change in
deciding sets:
a. Signal the 2nd referee whether each
team's Libero is on or off the court.
b. Using the hand corresponding to the
court (left hand for the left court, right
hand for the right court):
1) If the Libero is on the court, hold
the hand over the table with the
palm facing down;
2) If the Libero is off the court, hold
the hand up with the palm facing the
shoulder.
A4.2.3 When requested by the 2nd referee:
a. Identify which libero (L or R) is on the
court for a team that has two (2) designated Liberos.
A4.3 GAME CAPTAIN TRACKING
A4.3.1 Starting in 2015-2016
It is not required to track the game captain
or changes of the game captain.
64
A5
USING THE LIBERO CONTROL SHEET
A5.1 TEAM NAMES AND LINE-UPS
A5.1.1 Record the team names next to
the appropriate A
and B designations for Sets 1
and 2 (consistent
with the score
sheet).
A5.1.2 Record the starting line-up for each team in the Starting
Players column (SP).
A5.2 LIBEROS
A5.2.1 When a team designates two Liberos on the
Set 1 Line-up Sheet they are designated for
the match.
a. Record the two numbers in the L & R
Libero boxes for all non-deciding sets.
A5.2.2 When a team designates one Libero on the
Set 1 Line-up Sheet:
a. The team may designate zero or one
Libero for each remaining set of the
match;
b. Record the number in the L box for Set
1 only.
c. Draw an 'X' in the R box for all nondeciding sets.
d.
Before each set, record the Libero number (from the Line-up Sheet) or an ‘X’ (if
zero Libero is designated) in L box for
this set only.
65
A5.2.3 When a team designates one Libero on the
Set 1 Line-up Sheet:
a. The team may designate zero or one
Libero for each remaining set of the match;
b. Draw an 'X' in the L box for Set 1 only.
c. Draw an 'X' in the R box for all nondeciding sets.
d.
Before each set, record the Libero number (from the Line-up Sheet) or an ‘X’ (if
zero Libero is designated) in L box for
this set only.
A5.3 RECORDING LIBERO REPLACEMENTS
A5.3.1 Slashes are never used to record Libero
replacements.
A5.3.2 Write an L or R next to
the replaced regular
player number or Acting
Libero letter to designate
which Libero entered the
court as a replacement.
A5.3.3 When the replacement
regular player returns
to the court:
a. Write the player
number next to
the L or R.
A5.4 RECORDING SUBSTITUTIONS
A5.4.1 Slash through the
exiting player number.
A5.4.2 Record the substitute player number
immediately to the
right.
66
A5.5 LIBERO SERVING
A5.5.1 Record the first time a
libero serves in each set.
a. Draw a triangle
around the position
number (the
Roman numeral)
in the Service
Order area of the Libero Control Sheet.
A5.6 LIBERO REDESIGNATION
A5.6.1 When the Libero is
re-designated;
a. Circle the appropriate number in
the Libero box:
b. Record the number
of the new redesignated Libero
next to or above
the circled number(s).
A5.6.2 When two Liberos were designated at the
start of the match:
a. Repeat these actions for the remaining
non-deciding sets in the match.
A5.7 DECIDING SET PREPARATION
A5.7.1 Information
a. For the team starting on the left court:
1) Record all information on both the
LEFT and RIGHT sections.
b. For the team starting on the right
court:
1) Record all information on the
MIDDLE section.
A5.7.2 After The Coin Toss:
a. Record the team A/B designation from
set 1 in the A/B circle:
1) For a one (1) set playoff:
i. The team starting on the left
court will be designated Team A;
ii. The team starting on the right
court will be designated Team B;
b. Record the Team Name.
67
A5.7.3 After The Line-Ups Are Submitted:
a. Record the starting Line-Ups;
b. Record the Libero numbers.
A5.8 DECIDING SET – LIBERO SERVING
A5.8.1 The first time the Libero serves in the set:
a. Record a triangle around the appropriate
position number in the Service Order
area.
A5.8.2 Libero Serving on team starting on left court:
a. If the first serve occurs before the court
change:
1) Record the triangle on both the
LEFT and RIGHT sections.
b. If the first serve occurs after the court
change:
1) Record the triangle on the RIGHT
section only.
A5.9 DECIDING SETS – SUBSTITUTIONS
A5.9.1 For the team beginning on the right court
and finishing on the left court:
a. Record all substitutions on the MIDDLE
section only.
A5.9.2 For the team beginning on the left court and
finishing on the right court:
a. Before the court change:
1) Record all substitutions, as they
occur, on the LEFT section;
2) Record all substitutions, as they
68
b.
occur, on the RIGHT section.
After the court change:
1) Record all substitutions on the
RIGHT section only.
A5.10 DECIDING SET – LIBERO REPLACEMENTS
A5.10.1 For the team beginning on the right court
and finishing on the left court:
a. Record all replacements on the MIDDLE
section.
A5.10.2 For the team beginning on the left court
and finishing on the right court:
a. Before the court change:
1) Record all replacements on the
LEFT section;
b. After the court change:
1) Record all replacements on the
RIGHT section only.
SUBSTITUTIONS AND REPLACMENTS
BEFORE COURT CHANGE
A5.11 AT COURT CHANGE
A5.11.1 No Libero replacements can occur until after
the court change.
A5.11.2 If the Libero is on the court for the team
changing courts (from left to right court):
a. Record the letter of the Acting Libero
from the LEFT section onto the RIGHT
section, in the corresponding position.
69
A5.12 AFTER COURT CHANGE
A5.12.1 The LEFT section is no longer used.
A5.12.2 For the team now on the left court:
a. Record all substitutions and replacements on the MIDDLE section only.
A5.12.3 For the team now on the right court:
a. Record all substitutions and replacements on the RIGHT section only.
A5.13 POST MATCH PROCEDURES
A5.13.1 Before leaving the Scorer Table:
a. Remove all personal items;
b. Discard all trash.
70
Diagram 4
1 Set Score Sheet
71
Diagram 5
2 Set Score Sheet
72
Diagram 6
73