Rev. B+ System Board User`s Manual

CA61
Rev. B+
System Board
User’s Manual
41730039
Copyright
This publication contains information that is protected by copyright. No
part of it may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to
make any transformation/adaptation without the prior written permission
from the copyright holders.
This publication is provided for informational purposes only. The
manufacturer makes no representations or warranties with respect to
the contents or use of this manual and specifically disclaims any express
or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose.
The user will assume the entire risk of the use or the results of the use of
this document. Further, the manufacturer reserves the right to revise this
publication and make changes to its contents at any time, without obligation
to notify any person or entity of such revisions or changes.
All Rights Reserved. © 2000
Trademarks
Microsoft® MS-DOS ®, Windows TM, Windows® 95, Windows® 98,
Windows ® 2000 and Windows NT® are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation. Intel®, Pentium® III and CeleronTM are registered
trademarks of Intel Corporation. VIA Cyrix® III is a registered trademark
of VIA Technologies, Inc. Award is a registered trademark of Award
Software, Inc. Other trademarks and registered trademarks of products
appearing in this manual are the properties of their respective holders.
Caution:
Danger of explosion if battery incorrectly replaced.
Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer.
Dispose of used batteries according to the battery manufacturer’s
instructions.
FCC and DOC Statement on Class B
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio TV technician for
help.
Notice:
1. The changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority
to operate the equipment.
2. Shielded interface cables must be used in order to comply with
the emission limits.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Features and Specifications ...................................................................
1.2 Package Checklist ........................................................................................
6
10
Chapter 2 - Hardware Installation
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
System Board Layout ...............................................................................
System Memory ..........................................................................................
Frequency Ratio Settings for Processors ....................................
Factory Testing Jumper ..............................................................................
Jumper Settings for Selecting the CPU’s Front Side Bus ......
Jumper Settings for Clearing CMOS Data ................................
Jumper Settings for Wake-On-Keyboard/Mouse .......................
Ports and Connectors ............................................................................
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
Chapter 3 - Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1 The Basic Input/Output System .......................................................
3.1.1 Standard CMOS Setup ..........................................................
3.1.2 BIOS Features Setup................................................................
3.1.3 Chipset Features Setup ..........................................................
3.1.4 Power Management Setup ...................................................
3.1.5 PNP/PCI Configuration ..........................................................
3.1.6 Load Fail-Safe Settings .............................................................
3.1.7 Load Optimal Settings ............................................................
3.1.8 Integrated Peripherals ..............................................................
3.1.9 Supervisor Password ...............................................................
3.1.10 User Password .............................................................................
3.1.11 IDE HDD Auto Detection ..................................................
3.1.12 Save & Exit Setup ......................................................................
3.1.13 Exit Without Saving ....................................................................
31
31
34
38
40
44
46
46
46
51
51
52
53
53
Chapter 4 - Supported Softwares
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
Desktop Management Interface .........................................................
Hardware Doctor Utility ..........................................................................
VIA ® Service Pack .......................................................................................
Drivers and Utilities Installation Notes ...........................................
54
57
59
60
Appendix A - System Error Messages
A.1 POST Beep....................................................................................................................... 6 1
A.2 Error Messages.............................................................................................................. 6 1
Appendix B - Troubleshooting
B.1 Troubleshooting Checklist ...................................................................... 6 3
1
Introduction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Features and Specifications
1.1.1 Features
Chipset
• VIA 82C693A and 82C596B (PC-133)
Processor
The system board is equipped with Socket 370 for installing an Intel
CeleronTM FCPGA/PPGA, Pentium® III FCPGA or VIA Cyrix® III
processor. The system board is also equipped with a switching
voltage regulator that supports 1.30V to 2.05V core voltage for
various processors.
• Pentium® III FCPGA: 133MHz FSB (533EB-733EB) or 100MHz
FSB (500E-700E) processor
• CeleronTM 66MHz FSB: FCPGA (566MHz-600MHz) or PPGA
(300A-533MHz) processor
• VIA CyrixIII processor
System Memory
• 16MB to 640MB using VCM (Virtual Channel Memory) or PC
SDRAM DIMM (unbuffered or registered)
• Three 168-pin DIMM sockets
• Uses x64 or x72 PC SDRAM, 3.3V
- PC-66 SDRAM DIMM for 66MHz FSB processors
- PC-100 SDRAM DIMM for 100MHz FSB processors
- PC-133 SDRAM DIMM for 133MHz FSB processors
• ECC supported (uses x72 PC SDRAM DIMM)
DIMMs
2MBx64/x72
4MBx64/x72
8MBx64/x72
6
Memory Size
16MB
32MB
64MB
DIMMs
16MBx64/x72
32MBx64/x72
Memory Size
128MB
256MB
Introduction
1
Note:
If you are using more than one DIMM, make sure you insert
the same type of DIMMs into the DIMM sockets. Using
different types (VCM and PC SDRAM) of DIMMs may cause
problems.
Expansion Slots
The system board is equipped with 1 dedicated AGP slot, 3
dedicated PCI slots, 2 dedicated 16-bit ISA slot and 1 shared PCI/
ISA slot. All PCI and ISA slots are bus masters.
Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
The system board comes with a DMI 2.0 built into the BIOS. The
DMI utility in the BIOS automatically records various information
about your system configuration and stores these information in the
DMI pool, which is a part of the system board's Plug and Play
BIOS. DMI, along with the appropriately networked software, is
designed to make inventory, maintenance and troubleshooting of
computer systems easier. Refer to Chapter 4 for instructions on
using the DMI utility.
ATX double deck ports
•
•
•
•
•
2
2
1
1
1
USB ports
DB-9 serial ports
DB-25 parallel por t
mini-DIN-6 PS/2 keyboard port
mini-DIN-6 PS/2 mouse port
Connectors
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1 connector for IrDA interface
2 IDE connectors
1 floppy connector
1 20-pin ATX power supply connector
1 Wake-On-LAN connector
1 SB-LINK connector
2 fan connectors for CPU and chassis fans
7
1
Introduction
PCI Bus Master IDE Controller
• Two PCI IDE interfaces support up to four IDE devices
• Supports ATA/33 or ATA/66 hard drives
• PIO Mode 3 and Mode 4 Enhanced IDE (data transfer rate up
to 16.6MB/sec.)
• Bus mastering reduces CPU utilization during disk transfer
• ATAPI CD-ROM, LS-120 and ZIP supported
IrDA Interface
The system board is equipped with an IrDA connector for wireless
connectivity between your computer and peripheral devices. It
supports peripheral devices that meet the IrDA or ASKIR standard.
USB Ports
The system board is equipped with two USB ports. USB allows
data exchange between your computer and a wide range of
simultaneously accessible external Plug and Play peripherals.
BIOS
•
•
•
•
•
Award BIOS, Windows 95/98 Plug and Play compatible
Supports SCSI sequential boot-up
Flash EPROM for easy BIOS upgrades
Includes Symbios Logic SCSI BIOS
2MBit flash memory
1.1.2 System Health Monitor Functions
The system board is capable of monitoring the following “system
health” conditions.
• Monitors processor/system temperature and processor overheat
alarm
• Monitors 1.5V/3.3V/±5V/±12V/VCORE voltages and failure
alarm
• Monitors processor/chassis fan speed and failure alarm
• Automatic processor/chassis fan control
• Read back capability that displays temperature, voltage and fan
speed
8
Introduction
1
1.1.3 Intelligence
Automatic CPU/Chassis Fan Off
The CPU and chassis fans will automatically turn off once the
system enters the Suspend mode.
Dual Function Power Button
Depending on the setting in the BIOS setup, this switch will allow
the system to enter the Soft-Off or Suspend mode.
External Modem Ring-on
The Modem Ring-on feature allows the system that is in the
Suspend mode or Soft Power Off mode to wake-up/power-on to
respond to incoming calls.
Note:
This feature supports external modem only.
RTC Timer to Power-on the System
The RTC installed on the system board allows your system to
automatically power-on on the set date and time.
Wake-On-LAN Ready
The Wake-On-LAN function allows the network to remotely wake
up a Soft Power Down (Soft-Off) PC. Your LAN card must support
the remote wakeup function.
Important:
The 5VSB power source of your power supply must support
≥720mA (minimum).
Wake-On-Keyboard/Wake-On-Mouse
This function allows you to use the keyboard or PS/2 mouse to
power-on the system. Refer to “Jumper Settings for Wake-OnKeyboard/Wake-On-Mouse” in chapter 2 and “Keyboard/Mouse
Power On” in the Integrated Peripherals setup of the Award BIOS
in chapter 3 for more information.
9
1
Introduction
Important:
• The power button will not function once a keyboard
password has been set in the “KB Power On Password”
field of the Integrated Peripherals setup. You must type
the correct password to power-on the system.
• The 5VSB power source of your power supply must
support ≥720mA (minimum).
ACPI
The system board is designed to meet the ACPI (Advanced
Configuration and Power Interface) specification. ACPI has energy
saving features that enable PCs to implement Power Management
and Plug-and-Play with operating systems that support OS Direct
Power Management.
Virus Protection
Most viruses today destroy data stored in hard drives. The system
board is designed to protect the boot sector and partition table of
your hard disk drive.
1.2 Package Checklist
The system board package contains the following items:
þ
þ
þ
þ
þ
The system board
A user’s manual
One IDE cable for ATA/33 or ATA/66 hard disk drives
One 34-pin floppy disk drive cable
One CD
If any of these items are missing or damaged, please contact your
dealer or sales representative for assistance.
10
Hardware Installation
2
Chapter 2 - Hardware Installation
2.1 System Board Layout
11
2
Hardware Installation
Warning:
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage your system board,
processor, disk drives, add-in boards, and other components. Perform
the upgrade instruction procedures described at an ESD workstation
only. If such a station is not available, you can provide some ESD
protection by wearing an antistatic wrist strap and attaching it to a
metal part of the system chassis. If a wrist strap is unavailable,
establish and maintain contact with the system chassis throughout
any procedures requiring ESD protection.
2.2 System Memory
The system board is equipped with three 168-pin DIMM (Dual Inline Memory Module) sockets that support VCM or PC SDRAM
DIMM. PC SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory)
uses a fast memory interface technology that includes using the clock
on the chip to synchronize with the CPU clock so that the timing of
the memory chips and the timing of the CPU are synchronized. This
saves time during transmission of data, subsequently increasing
system performance.
The system board also supports the ECC (Error Checking and
Correction) function. To use this function, you must install DIMM that
supports parity. Refer to chapter 1 (System Memor y section) for
detailed specification of the memory supported by the system
board.
12
Hardware Installation
2
2.2.1 Installing the DIM Module
A DIM module simply snaps into a DIMM socket on the system
board. Pin 1 of the DIM module must correspond with Pin 1 of the
socket.
Notch
Tab
Pin 1
Tab
Key
1. Pull the “tabs” which are at the ends of the socket to the side.
2. Position the DIMM above the socket with the “notches” in the
module aligned with the “keys” on the socket.
3. Seat the module vertically into the socket. Make sure it is
completely seated. The tabs will hold the DIMM in place.
13
2
Hardware Installation
2.3 Frequency Ratio Settings for Processors
The following table shows frequency ratios and their corresponding
DIP switch setting. There are 4 switches on SW1. The black rectangle
in the diagram denotes the par t that is protruding, the “adjustable”
switch. Make sure SW1 is set correctly before applying power,
otherwise you will not be able to power-on the system.
In the example above:
Switch
Switch
Switch
Switch
1: Off
2: On
3: Off
4: On
Processors
Freq.
SW1
66MHz 100MHz 133MHz Ratio
--------
--------
533MHz
300MHz
(300A)
--------
600MHz 4.5x
333MHz 500MHz 667MHz
4x
5x
366MHz 550MHz 733MHz 5.5x
14
Processors
Freq.
SW1
66MHz 100MHz 133MHz Ratio
400MHz 600MHz
6x
433MHz 650MHz
6.5x
466MHz 700MHz
7x
Hardware Installation
2
Important:
• The frequency ratio of some processors shown in the table
may have been locked by the manufacturer. If you are using
this kind of processor, setting an extended ratio for the
processor (using SW1) will have no effect. The system will
instead use its factory default ratio.
• The processors supported by the system board support
VID (Voltage Identification). The switching voltage regulator
on the system board will automatically set the voltage
regulator according to the voltage of the processor.
2.4 Factory Testing Jumper
Factory Testing Jumper - Jumper JP7
This jumper is for factor y use only. Please leave it in its default
setting - pins 1 and 2 On.
1-2 On: Default
15
2
Hardware Installation
2.5 Jumper Settings for Selecting the CPU’s Front
Side Bus
CPU’s Front Side Bus Select - Jumpers JP2 and JP4
The default setting of jumpers JP2 and JP4 is Auto - the system will
automatically run according to the FSB (66/100/133MHz) of the
processor.
JP2
JP4
1-2 On
2-3 On
1-2 On
2-3 On
100MHz
All Off
2-3 On
133MHz
1-2 On
All Off
Auto*
66MHz
“*” denotes default setting
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
1-2 On
2-3 On
All Off
Warning:
Some processors, when overclocked, may result to the
processor’s or system’s instability and are not guaranteed to
provide better system performance. If you are unable to boot
your system due to overclocking, make sure to set these
jumpers back to their default setting.
16
Hardware Installation
2
2.6 Jumper Settings for Clearing CMOS Data
Clear CMOS Data - Jumper JP3
If, for some reason, the CMOS data
becomes corrupted or you forgot the
super visor/user/keyboard password, the
system can be reconfigured with the
default values stored in the ROM BIOS.
To load the default values, power off your
system and unplug the power cord. Set
JP3 pins 2 and 3 to On. Wait for a few
seconds and set JP3 back to its default
setting, pins 1 and 2 On. You may now
plug the power cord and power-on your
system.
1
1
2
2
3
3
1-2 On: Normal
(default)
2-3 On:
Clear CMOS Data
17
2
Hardware Installation
2.7 Jumper Settings for Wake-On-Keyboard/
Wake-On-Mouse
Wake-On-Keyboard/Wake-On-Mouse - Jumper JP1
The system board supports the Wake-OnKeyboard/Wake-On-Mouse function. This
function allows you to use the keyboard or
PS/2 mouse to power-on the system. By
default, JP1 is disabled. To use this function,
set JP1 to 2-3 On. “Keyboard/Mouse Power
On” in the Integrated Peripherals setup of
the Award BIOS must be set accordingly.
Refer to chapter 3 for details.
Warning:
1. If JP1 was previously enabled with
a password set in the “KB Power
On Password” field, and now you
wish to disable the keyboard password function, make sure
to set the “Keyboard/Mouse Power On” field to Disabled
prior to setting JP1 to disabled. You will not be able to boot
up the system if you fail to do so.
2. The power button will not function once a keyboard
password has been set in the “KB Power On Password”
field of the Integrated Peripherals setup. You must type the
correct password to power-on the system.
3. The 5VSB power source of your power supply must
support ≥720mA (minimum).
1
2
3
1-2 On: Disable
(default)
18
1
2
3
2-3 On: Enable
Hardware Installation
2
2.8 Ports and Connectors
2.8.1 Serial Ports
The system board is equipped with
onboard serial por ts (COM 1: J6 and
COM 2: J8) - both in Teal/Turquoise color
located at the ATX double deck ports of
the board.
These por ts are RS-232C asynchronous
communication por ts with 16C550Acompatible UARTs that can be used with
modems, serial printer s, remote display
terminals, and other serial devices. You can
set the serial por ts’ I/O address in the
Integr ated Peripherals submenu of the
BIOS.
2.8.2 PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Ports
The system board is equipped with an
onboard PS/2 mouse (Green) and PS/2
keyboard (Purple) ports - both at location
J1 of the ATX double deck por ts. The
PS/2 mouse port uses IRQ12. If a mouse
is not connected to this port, the system
will reserve IRQ12 for other expansion
cards.
Warning:
Make sure to turn off your
computer prior to connecting or
disconnecting a mouse or keyboard.
Failure to do so may damage the
system board.
19
2
Hardware Installation
2.8.3 Parallel Ports
The system board has a standard printer
port (J7 - Burgundy) located at the ATX
double deck ports of the board for interfacing your PC to a parallel printer. It
supports SPP, ECP and EPP modes. You
can set the port’s mode in the Integrated
Peripherals submenu of the BIOS.
Setting
Function
SPP
(Standard Parallel Port)
Allows normal speed operation but
in one direction only.
ECP
(Extended Capabilities Por t)
Allows parallel por t to operate in
bidirectional mode and at a speed
faster than the SPP’s data transfer
rate.
EPP
(Enhanced Parallel Por t)
Allows bidirectional parallel port operation at maximum speed.
2.8.4 Floppy Disk Controller
The system board is equipped with a shrouded floppy disk header
that supports two standard floppy disk drives. To prevent improper
floppy cable installation, the shrouded floppy disk header has a
keying mechanism. The 34-pin connector on the floppy cable can be
placed into the header only if pin 1 of the connector is aligned with
pin 1 of the header. You may enable or disable this function in the
Integrated Peripherals setup of the Award BIOS.
20
Hardware Installation
2
Connecting the Floppy Disk Cable
1. Install the 34-pin header connector into
the shrouded floppy disk header (J4) on
the system board. The colored edge of
the ribbon should be aligned with pin 1
of J4.
2. Install the other 34-pin header
connector(s) into the disk drive(s). Align
the colored edge of the daisy chained
ribbon cable with pin 1 of the drive
edge connector(s). The end-most
connector should be attached to the
drive you want to designate as Drive A.
2.8.5 IDE Hard Disk Interface
The system board is equipped with two
shrouded PCI IDE headers that will
interface four Enhanced IDE (Integrated
Drive Electronics) hard disk drives. To
prevent improper IDE cable installation,
each shrouded PCI IDE header has a
keying mechanism. The 40-pin connector
on the IDE cable can be placed into the
header only if pin 1 of the connector is
aligned with pin 1 of the header.
Connecting the Hard Disk Cable
1. If you are connecting two hard drives,
install the 40-pin connector of the IDE cable into the primar y
shrouded IDE header (connector J10). If you are adding a third
or four th IDE device, install the 40-pin connector of the other
IDE cable into the secondary shrouded IDE header (connector
J9).
21
2
Hardware Installation
2. Install the other 40-pin header connector(s) into the device with
the colored edge of the ribbon cable aligned with pin 1 of the
drive edge connector(s).
Note:
Refer to your disk drive user’s manual for information about
selecting proper drive switch settings.
Adding a Second IDE Hard Drive
When using two IDE drives, one must be set as the master and the
other as the slave. Follow the instructions provided by the drive
manufacturer for setting the jumpers and/or switches on the drives.
We recommend that you use Enhanced IDE or ATA-2, ATA/33 and
ATA/66 hard drives be from the same manufacturer. In a few cases,
drives from two different manufacturers will not function properly
when used together. The problem lies in the hard drives, not the
system board.
Important:
If you encountered problems while using an ATAPI CD-ROM
drive that is set in Master mode, please set the CD-ROM drive
to Slave mode. Some ATAPI CD-ROMs may not be recognized
and cannot be used if incorrectly set in Master mode.
22
Hardware Installation
2
2.8.6 USB Ports
The system board is equipped with two
USB ports (J3 - Black) located at the ATX
double deck por ts of the board. USB
allows data exchange between your
computer and a wide range of
simultaneously accessible external Plug and
Play peripherals. You must have the proper
drivers installed in your operating system
to use the USB por ts. Refer to your
operating
system’s
manual
or
documentation.
2.8.7 IrDA Connector
The system board is equipped with an IrDA connector for wireless
connectivity between your computer and peripheral devices. The
IRDA (Infr ared Data Association) specification suppor ts data
transfers of 115K baud at a distance of 1 meter.
Connect your IrDA cable to connector J12 on the system board. Set
“UART2 Mode Select” in the Integrated Peripherals setup of the
Award BIOS to the type of IrDA standard suppor ted by your
device. You must have the proper drivers installed in your operating
system to use this connector. Refer to your operating system’s
manual or documentation.
Note:
The sequence of the pin functions on some IrDA cable may be
reversed from the pin function defined on the system board.
Make sure to connect the cable to the IrDA connector
according to their pin functions.
23
2
Hardware Installation
Pin
Function
1
VCC
2
N. C .
3
IRRX
4
Ground
5
IRTX
2.8.8 CPU Fan Connector
The processor must be kept cool by using a fan with heatsink.
Connect the CPU fan to the 3-pin fan connector at location J5 on
the system board.
24
Pin
Function
1
On/Off
2
+12V
3
Sense
Hardware Installation
2
2.8.9 Chassis Fan Connector
The system board is equipped with a chassis fan connector. If you
are installing a fan in the system unit, connect the fan’s connector to
location J2 on the system board. The fan will provide adequate
airflow throughout the chassis to prevent overheating the processor.
Pin
Function
1
On/Off
2
+12V
3
Sense
2.8.10 SB-LINK™ Connector
If the system board is installed with a Creative sound card that
requires connecting the card to the SB-LINK™ connector, connect the
cable that came with the sound card to connector J13. Refer to the
sound card’s manual for more information.
Pin
Function
1
PC-PCI-GNTx
2
DGND
3
Key
4
PC-PCI-REQx
5
DGND
6
SERIRQ
25
2
Hardware Installation
2.8.11 Wake-On-LAN Connector
The system board supports the Wake-On-LAN function. This function
will allow the network to remotely power-on a Soft Power Down
(Soft-Off) PC. However, if your system is in the Suspend mode, you
can power-on the system only through an IRQ or DMA interrupt.
To use the Wake-On-LAN function, you must enable the “Resume on
LAN” field in the Power Management Setup of the Award BIOS.
Your LAN card package should include a cable. Connect one end of
the cable to the wakeup header on the card and the other end to
location J15 on the system board. The network will detect Magic
Packet and assert a wakeup signal to power-up the system. Refer to
the add-in card’s manual for details. Note: Your LAN card must
support the remote wake up function.
Pin
Function
1
+5VSB (720mA)
2
Ground
3
WOL
Important:
The 5VSB power source of your power supply must support
≥720mA (minimum).
26
Hardware Installation
2
2.8.12 Power Connector
PS1
The pin assignment of the ATX power connector is shown below.
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
3.3V
11
3.3V
2
3.3V
12
-12V
3
Ground
13
Ground
4
+5V
14
PS-ON
5
Ground
15
Ground
6
+5V
16
Ground
7
Ground
17
Ground
8
PW-OK
18
-5V
9
5VSB
19
+5V
10
+12V
20
+5V
Important:
The system board requires a minimum of 3.3V/6A electric
current.
27
2
Hardware Installation
2.8.13 PCI Standby Power LED
PCI Standby Power LED
This LED will light when the system is in the power-on, Soft-Off or
Suspend mode.
3.3VSB Standby for PCI (jumper JP5)
The default setting of jumper JP5 is On. It provides 3.3VSB
Standby power to the PCI slots. If you are using a PCI modem
card that does not comply to the PCI 2.2 specification, please
set this jumper to Off. The PCI Standby Power LED’s light will
subsequently turn off.
1
On
2
1
2
Off
Important:
Lighted LED serves as a reminder that you must power-off the
system then turn off the power supply’s switch or unplug the
power cord prior to installing any add-on cards.
28
Hardware Installation
2
2.8.14 Front Panel LEDs and Switches
HD-LED: Primary/Secondary IDE LED
This LED will light when the hard drive is being accessed.
G-LED: Green LED
This LED will light when the system is in the Suspend mode.
ATX-SW: ATX Power Switch
Depending on the setting in the BIOS setup, this switch is a “dual
function power button” that will allow your system to enter the SoftOff or Suspend mode. Refer to “Soft-Off By PWR-BTTN” in the
Power Management Setup (Chapter 3).
G-SW: Green Switch
This switch will allow your system to enter the Suspend mode.
RESET: Reset Switch
This switch allows you to reboot without having to power off the
system thus prolonging the life of the power supply or system.
SPEAKER: Speaker Connector
This connects to the speaker installed in the system chassis.
29
2
Hardware Installation
KEYLOCK: Power/Standby LED and Keylock Connector
Use pins 21-23 to connect to the Power/Standby LED. This LED will
light when the system’s power is on and blinks when the system
enters the Suspend mode. Use pins 24 to 25 to connect to the
keyboard lock (located on the front panel of the system chassis) for
locking the keyboard.
Note:
If a system did not boot-up and the Power/Standby LED did
not light after it was powered-on, it may indicate that the CPU
or memor y module was not installed properly. Please make
sure they are properly inserted into their corresponding socket.
HD-LED
(Primary/Secondary IDE LED)
G-LED
(Green LED)
ATX-SW
(ATX power switch)
G-SW
(Green switch)
RESET
(Reset switch)
SPEAKER
(Speaker connector)
KEYLOCK
(Keylock and Power/Standby
LED connector)
30
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Pin Assignment
HDD LED Power
HDD
N. C.
Green LED Power
Green
N. C.
PWRBT
Ground
N. C.
SMI
Ground
N. C.
H/W Reset
Ground
N. C.
Speaker Data
N. C.
Ground
Speaker Power
N. C.
LED Power
N.C.
Standby Signal
Keylock
Ground
Use pins 21 to 23
for the Power/
Standby LED.
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Chapter 3 - Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1 The Basic Input/Output System
The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is a program that takes care
of the basic level of communication between the processor and
peripherals. In addition, the BIOS also contain codes for various
advanced features found in this system board. This chapter explains
the Setup Utility for the Award BIOS.
After you power up your system, the BIOS message appear s on
your screen and the memor y count begins. After the memor y test,
the following message will appear on the screen:
Press DEL to enter setup
If the message disappears before you respond, restar t your system
or press the “Reset” button. You may also restar t the system by
pressing the <Ctrl> <Alt> and <Del> keys simultaneously.
When you press <Del>, the main program screen will appear.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
LOAD FAIL-SAFE SETTINGS
LOAD OPTIMAL SETTINGS
Esc : Quit
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
SUPERVISOR PASSWORD
USER PASSWORD
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
↑↓→←
(Shift) F2
: Select Item
: Change Color
3.1.1 Standard CMOS Setup
Use the arrow keys to highlight “Standard CMOS Setup” and press
<Enter>. A screen similar to the one on the next page will appear.
31
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Date (mm:dd:yy) : Fri, Apr 21 2000
Time (hh:mm:ss) : 13: 27: 50
HARD DISKS
Primary Master
Primary Slave
Secondary Master
Secondary Slave
:
:
:
:
TYPE SIZE CYLS HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
Drive A : 1.44M, 3.5 in.
Drive B : None
Base Memory : 640K
Extended Memory : 64512K
Other Memory : 384K
Total Memory : 65536K
Video
: EGA/VGA
Halt on : All Errors
Esc : Quit
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑↓→←
(Shift)F2
: Select Item
: Change
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
Date
The date format is <day>, <month>, <date>, <year>. Day displays
a day, from Sunday to Saturday. Month displays the month, from
January to December. Date displays the date, from 1 to 31. Year
displays the year, from 1994 to 2079.
Time
The time format is <hour>, <minute>, <second>. The time is based
on the 24-hour military-time clock. For example, 1 p.m. is 13:00:00.
Hour displays hours from 00 to 23. Minute displays minutes from
00 to 59. Second displays seconds from 00 to 59.
Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master and Secondary
Slave
These categories allow you to enter the appropriate specifications for
the type of hard disk drive(s) installed in your system. Press <PgUp>
or <PgDn> to select a numbered hard disk type or type the number
and press <Enter>. The hard disk will not work properly if you enter
improper information for this category. You can use Type “User” to
define your own drive type manually. This information should be
included in the documentation from your hard disk vendor. If you select
Type ”Auto”, the BIOS will auto-detect the HDD & CD-ROM drive
at the POST stage and show the IDE for the HDD & CD-ROM drive.
If a hard disk has not been installed, select “None” and press <Enter>.
32
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Drive A and Drive B
These categories identify the types of floppy disk drives installed.
None
No floppy drive is installed
360K, 5.25 in. 5-1/4 in. standard drive; 360KB capacity
1.2M, 5.25 in. 5-1/4 in. AT-type high-density drive; 1.2MB capacity
720K, 3.5 in. 3-1/2 in. double-sided drive; 720KB capacity
1.44M, 3.5 in. 3-1/2 in. double-sided drive; 1.44MB capacity
2.88M, 3.5 in. 3-1/2 in. double-sided drive; 2.88MB capacity
Video
This category selects the type of video adapter used for the primary
system monitor. Although secondar y monitors are suppor ted, you
do not have to select the type in Setup. The default setting is EGA/
VGA (BIOS default, Setup default).
EGA/VGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter/Video Graphics Array. For
EGA, VGA, SVGA and PGA monitor adapters.
CGA 40 Color Graphics Adapter. Power up in 40-column
mode.
CGA 80 Color Graphics Adapter. Power up in 80-column
mode.
Mono
Monochrome adapter. Includes high resolution
monochrome adapters.
Halt On
This category determines whether the system will stop if an error
is detected during power up. The default setting is All Errors (BIOS
default, Setup default).
No Errors The system boot will not stop for any errors detected.
All Errors The system boot will stop whenever the BIOS detects
a non-fatal error.
All, But Keyboard The system boot will not stop for a keyboard
error ; it will stop for all other errors.
All, But Diskette The system boot will not stop for a disk error ;
it will stop for all other errors.
All, But Disk/Key The system boot will not stop for a disk or
keyboard error ; it will stop for all other errors.
33
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.2 BIOS Features Setup
The BIOS Features Setup allows you to configure your system for
basic operation. Some entries are defaults required by the system
board, while others, if enabled, will improve the performance of your
system or let you set some features according to your preference.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Virus Warning
:
CPU L1 Cache
:
CPU L2 Cache
:
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking :
Quick Power On Self Test
:
Boot Sequence
:
Swap Floppy Drive
:
Boot Up Floppy Seek
:
Boot Up NumLock Status
:
DRAM ECC Checking
:
Typematic Rate Setting
:
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
:
Typematic Delay (Msec)
:
Security Option
:
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
:
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB :
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability :
Processor Serial Number
:
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
A, C, SCSI
Disabled
Disabled
On
Disabled
Disabled
6
250
Setup
Disabled
Non-OS2
Disabled
Disabled
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
↑↓→←
Quit
: Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
Virus Warning
This category protects the boot sector and partition table of your hard
disk drive. When this item is enabled, the Award BIOS will monitor the
boot sector and partition table of the hard disk drive. If an attempt
is made to write to the boot sector or partition table of the hard disk
drive, the BIOS will halt the system and an error message will appear.
After seeing the error message, if necessary, you will be able to run
an anti-virus program to locate and remove the problem before any
damage is done.
Many disk diagnostic programs which attempt to access the boot
sector table will cause the warning message to appear. If you are
running such a program, we recommend that you first disable this
category. Also, disable this category if you are installing or running
certain operating systems like Windows® 95/98/2000 or the operating
system may not install nor work.
34
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
CPU L1 Cache and CPU L2 Cache
These categories speed up the memory access. The default value
is enabled. Enable the External Cache for better performance.
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking
By default, ECC is enabled to check the Level 2 cache. If you are
not using this function, set this field to Disabled.
Quick Power On Self Test
This categor y speeds up Power On Self Test (POST) after you
power on your system. When Enabled, the BIOS will shorten or
skip some check items during POST.
Boot Sequence
This categor y determines which drive to search first for the disk
operating system. The default is A, C , SCSI. The options are:
A, C, SCSI;
D, A, SCSI;
SCSI, C, A;
C, A, SCSI;
E, A, SCSI;
C only;
C, CDROM, A;
F, A, SCSI;
LS/ZIP, C.
CDROM, C, A;
SCSI, A, C;
Swap Floppy Drive
When this option is enabled and the system is booting from the
floppy drive, the system will boot from drive B instead of drive A.
When this option is disabled and the system is booting from the
floppy drive, the system will boot from drive A. You must have two
floppy drives to use this function.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
When enabled, the BIOS will check whether the floppy disk drive
installed is 40 or 80 tracks. When disabled, the BIOS will not check
the floppy disk drive.
35
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Boot Up NumLock Status
This allows you to determine the default state of the numeric keypad.
By default, the system boots up with NumLock on wherein the function
of the numeric keypad is the number keys. When set to Off, the
function of the numeric keypad is the arrow keys.
DRAM ECC Checking
If you are using x72 (72-bit) PC SDRAM DIMMs, which are DIMMs
that support the ECC (Error Checking and Correction) function, set
this field to Enabled.
Typematic Rate Setting
Enable this field to activate the settings in the “Typematic Rate (Chars/
Sec)” and “Typematic Delay (Msec)” fileds. When this field is set to
Disabled, the settings in the following two fields will not take effect.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
This selection allows you to select the rate at which the keys are
accelerated.
Typematic Delay (Msec)
This selection allows you to select the delay between when the key
was first depressed and when the acceleration begins.
Security Option
This field determines when the system will prompt for the
password - everytime the system boots or only when you enter
the BIOS setup. Set the password in the Super visor/User
Password submenu.
System The system will not boot and access to Setup will be
denied unless the correct password is entered at the
prompt.
Setup The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied
unless the correct password is entered at the prompt.
36
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
It determines whether the MPEG ISA/VESA VGA Cards can work with
PCI/VGA or not. The default value is Disabled.
Enabled PCI/VGA working with MPEG ISA/VESA VGA cards.
Disabled PCI/VGA not wor king with MPEG ISA/VESA VGA
cards.
OS Select for DRAM > 64MB
This item allows you to access the memor y that is over 64MB in
OS/2. The options are: Non-OS/2 and OS/2.
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
The system board suppor ts SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and
Reporting Technology) hard drives. SMART is a reliability prediction
technology for ATA/IDE and SCSI drives. The drive will provide
sufficient notice to the system or user to backup data prior to the
drive’s failure. The default is Disabled. If you are using hard drives
that suppor t S.M.A.R.T., set this field to Enabled. SMART is
supported in ATA/33 or later hard drives.
Processor Serial Number
This field will appear only when you are using a Pentium III or later
processor. These processors come with an individual "processor
serial number" which by default is activated. Therefore, when
connected to the Internet, the processor transmits the serial number
online making it possible to track your online activity. The field
provides the option of disabling this function.
37
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.3 Chipset Features Setup
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
DIMM 1 DRAM Timing
DIMM 2 DRAM Timing
DIMM 3 DRAM Timing
SDRAM CAS Latency
DRAM Clock
Read Around Write
Concurrrent PCI/Host
CPU to PCI Write Buffer
PCI Dynamic Bursting
PCI Master 0 WS Write
PCI Delay Transaction
PCI#2 Access #1 Retry
AGP Master 1 WS Write
AGP Master 1 WS Read
Video RAM Cacheable
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
AGP Aperture Size <MB>
AGP-2X Mode
CPU/PCI Clock (MHz)
Spread Spectrum
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Normal
Normal
Normal
3
Host CLK
Disabled
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
64
Enabled
Default
Disabled
**** System Health Monitor ****
Current System Temp.
: 28o C/82o F
Current CPU Temperature : 42o C/107o F
0 RPM
Current Chassis FAN Speed :
: 4326 RPM
Current CPU FAN Speed
CPU(V) : 2.00 V
: 1.51 V
+1.5 V
: 3.40 V
+3.3 V
: 5.08 V
+5 V
+12 V
: 12.34 V
: -11.76 V
-12 V
: -5.09 V
-5 V
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Quit
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be identical
to this one.
This section gives you functions to configure the system based on
the specific features of the chipset. The chipset manages bus
speeds and access to system memor y resources. It also
coordinates communications between the conventional ISA bus
and the PCI bus. These items should not be altered unless
necessary. The default settings have been chosen because they
provide the best operating conditions for your system. The only
time you might consider making any changes would be if you
discovered some incompatibility or that data was being lost while
using your system.
CPU/PCI Clock (MHz)
This field provides several options for selecting the external system
bus clock of the processor. When selecting the external bus clock of
your processor, the PCI clock will at the same time appear next to
the external bus clock selected. For example, if you selected
"66.8/33.4", 66.8MHz is the external bus clock and 33.4MHz is the
PCI clock. Regardless of the type of processor used, the default
setting is “Default”. Under this setting, the system will run according
to the processor’s clock frequency. If you selected an option other
than "Default" and is unable to boot up the system, there are 2
methods of going back to its default setting.
38
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Method 1: Clear the CMOS data by setting JP3 pins 2 and 3 to
On. All fields in the BIOS Setup will automatically be set
to their default settings.
Method 2: Press the <Inser t> key and power button simultaneously, then release the power button first. Keep-on
pressing the <Inser t> key until the power-on screen appears. This will allow the system to boot according to
the FSB of the processor. Now press the <Del> key to
enter the Award BIOS setup utility. Select "Chipset Features Setup" and set the "CPU/PCI Clock (MHz)" field
to "Default" or an appropriate clock frequency.
Note:
• Selecting an external bus clock other than 66MHz,
100MHz or 133MHz may result to the processor’s or
system’s instability and are not guaranteed to provide
better system performance. We recommend that you leave
this field to its default setting, which is “Default”.
• Use a PS/2 or AT (requires a DIN to mini DIN adapter)
keyboard for method 2.
•
•
•
When using a 66MHz FSB processor, the AGP clock and
the CPU's external bus clock are the same.
When using a 100MHz FSB processor, the AGP clock is
2/3 of the CPU's external bus clock.
When using a 133MHz FSB processor, the AGP clock is
1/2 of the CPU’s external bus clock.
System Health Monitor
The BIOS is capable of monitoring the following system “health”
conditions: processor and system temperature, fan speed of the
chassis and CPU fans, voltage of the processor and output voltage
of the power supply.
•
Current System Temperature, Current CPU Temperature,
Current Chassis Fan Speed and Current CPU Fan Speed
These fields show the internal temperature of the system,
current temperature of the processor, and the current fan speed
of the chassis and CPU fans in RPM (Revolutions Per Minute).
39
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
•
CPU(V)
This field shows the voltage of the processor.
•
+1.5V, +3.3V, +5V, +12V, -12V and -5V
These fields show the output voltage of the power supply.
3.1.4 Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to configure your system to
most effectively save energy. If you like to use the soft power down
feature of Windows 95/98/2000, you must enable the Power
Management below. Select Min. Power, Max. Power or User Defined.
Either one can be used as long as it is NOT disabled.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
ACPI Function
Power Management
PM Control by APM
Video Off Method
Video Off After
Standby Mode
Suspend Mode
HDD Power Down
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
PWR Lost Resume State
Resume on Ring
Resume on LAN
Resume on Alarm
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Disabled
User Define
Yes
DPMS
Suspend
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Instant-Off
Keep Off
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ6
IRQ7
IRQ8
IRQ9
IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ12
IRQ13
IRQ14
IRQ15
** PM Events **
(COM 2)
: Primary
(COM 1)
: Primary
(LPT 2)
: Primary
(Floppy Disk)
: Primary
(LPT 1)
: Disabled
(RTC Alarm)
: Disabled
(IRQ2 Redir)
: Secondary
(Reserved)
: Secondary
(Reserved)
: Secondary
(PS/2 Mouse)
: Secondary
(Coprocessor)
: Primary
(Hard Disk)
: Primary
(Reserved)
: Disabled
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
:
:
:
:
:
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
ACPI Function
By default, the ACPI function is disabled. This function should be
enabled only in operating systems that support ACPI.
Power Management
This category allows you to select the type (or degree) of power
saving by changing the length of idle time that elapses before the
Standby mode and Suspend mode are activated.
40
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Disable No power management. Disables the Standby and
Suspend modes.
Min. Power Saving Minimum power management. Standby Mode
= 1 hr., and Suspend Mode = 1 hr.
Max. Power Saving Maximum power management. Standby Mode
= 10 sec., and Suspend Mode = 10 sec.
User Defined Allows you to set each mode individually. When
enabled, each option ranges from 10 sec. to 1 hr.
PM Control by APM
Yes
No
An Advanced Power Management device will be activated to
enhance the power saving mode and stop the CPU’s internal clock. Use this option in Windows® 95/98/2000. (default)
The system BIOS will ignore APM when initiating the Power
Management mode.
Video Off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
V/H SYNC + Blank This selection will cause the system to turn
off the vertical and horizontal synchronization
ports and write blanks to the video buffer.
Blank Screen This option only writes blanks to the video buffer.
DPMS
Initializes display power management signaling. Use
this option if your video board supports it.
Video Off After
N/A
The system BIOS will never turn off the screen.
Suspend The screen is off when the system is in the Suspend
mode.
Standby The screen is off when the system is in the Standby
mode.
Standby Mode
This is user configurable only when the Power Management
category is set to User Defined. When enabled and after the set
time of system inactivity, video will be shut off while all other
devices still operate at full speed.
41
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Suspend Mode
This is user configurable only when the Power Management categor y
is set to User Defined. When enabled and after the set time of
system inactivity, the CPU and onboard peripherals will be shut off.
HDD Power Down
This is user configurable only when the Power Management categor y
is set to User Defined. When enabled and after the set time of
system inactivity, the hard disk drive will be powered down while
all other devices remain active.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
This category allows you to select the method of powering off your
system.
Hold 4 Sec. Regardless of whether the Power Management field
is enabled or disabled, if the power button is pushed
and released in less than 4 sec, the system enters
the Suspend mode. The purpose of this function is
to prevent the system from powering off in case
you accidentally “hit” or pushed the power button.
Push and release again in less than 4 sec to restore.
Pushing the power button for more than 4 seconds
will power off the system.
Instant-Off Pressing and then releasing the power button at
once will immediately power off your system.
PWR Lost Resume State
Keep Off
When power returns after an AC power failure, the
system’s power is off. You must press the Power
button to power-on the system.
Turn On When power returns after an AC power failure, the
system will automatically power-on.
Last State When power returns after an AC power failure, the
system will return to the state where you left off
before power failure occurs. If the system’s power
is off when AC power failure occurs, it will remain
off when power returns. If the system’s power is on
42
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
when AC power failure occur s, the system will
power-on when power returns.
Resume On Ring
With an external modem installed, the Modem Ring-on function will
allow your system to power-on to respond to incoming calls. By
default, the “Resume on Ring” field is Disabled. To use this function,
please follow the steps below.
1. Make sure the computer system is powered off.
2. Connect the external modem to the COM 1 or COM 2
serial por t.
3. Switch on the power of the external modem.
4. Power-on the computer system. After the memory test, press
<Del> to enter the Award BIOS setup utility.
5. Select Power Management Setup and press <Enter>.
6. Enable the “Resume on Ring” field.
7. Press <Esc> to return to the main menu of the Award BIOS
setup utility. Select “Save & Exit Setup” and press <Enter>.
8. Type <Y> and press <Enter>.
Resume On LAN
With a LAN card installed, the Wake-On-LAN function allows
the network to remotely wake up a Soft Power Down (SoftOff) PC. However, if your system is in the Suspend mode, you
can wake-up the system only through an IRQ or DMA
interrupt. Make sure your LAN card suppor ts the remote
wakeup function. To use this function, set this field to Enabled.
Refer to the “Wake-On-LAN Connector” section in chapter 2 of
this manual for more information.
Resume On Alarm
Enabled
When Enabled, you can s et the date and time you
would like the Soft Power Down (Soft-Off) PC to
power-on. However, if the system is being accessed by
incoming calls or the network (Resume On Ring/
LAN) prior to the date and time set in this field, the
system will give priority to the incoming calls or
43
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
network. “Date (of Month)” and “Timer (hh:mm:ss)”
will appear right below this field.
Disabled Disables the automatic power-on function. (default)
Date (of Month)
0
1-31
The system will power-on everyday according to the
time set in the “Timer (hh:mm:ss)” field.
Select a date you would like the system to power-on.
The system will power-on on the set date, and time
set in the “Timer (hh:mm:ss)” field.
Timer (hh:mm:ss)
This is used to set the time you would like the system to power-on.
PM Events
When enabled, the specified IRQ interrupt will cause the system
to wake up completely from the power management mode. When
disabled, the system will not wake up from the power management
mode in spite of the IRQ iterrupt.
3.1.5 PNP/PCI Configuration
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. It covers some
ver y technical items and it is strongly recommended that only
experienced users should make any changes to the default settings.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Resources Controlled By
Reset Configuration Data
: Auto
: Disabled
Assign IRQ for VGA
PCI Slot 1 Use IRQ
PCI Slot 2 Use IRQ
PCI Slot 3 Use IRQ
PCI Slot 4 Use IRQ
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Enabled
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
44
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Resources Controlled By
The Award Plug and Play BIOS has the capability to automatically
configure all of the boot and Plug and Play compatible devices.
Auto
Manual
The system will automatically detect the settings for you.
The categories that follow will not be shown on the
screen.
This will allow you to set the IRQ/DMA (you have
assigned your add-in card) to Legacy ISA or PCI/ISA
PnP. For non-PnP ISA cards, select Legacy ISA. For PnP
ISA or PCI cards, select PCI/ISA PnP.
Reset Configuration Data
Enabled The BIOS will reset the configuration data once
automatically. It will then recreate a new set of
configuration data.
Disabled The BIOS will not reset the configuration data.
Assign IRQ for VGA
When Enabled, the system automatically assigns an IRQ for the VGA
card installed. Your VGA card will need an IRQ only when using the
video capture function of the card. If you are not using this function
and a new device requires an IRQ, you can set this function to
Disabled. The IRQ (previously occupied by the VGA card) will be
available for your new device.
Note:
When Disabled, a “Yellow” mark will appear in Windows 95/
98’s Device Manager.
PCI Slot 1 Use IRQ to PCI Slot 4 Use IRQ
By default, an IRQ is automatically assigned to each PCI slot. You
may also manually assign an IRQ to these slots. The options are: 3,
4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14 and 15.
45
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Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.6 Load Fail-Safe Settings
The “Load Fail-Safe Settings” option loads the troubleshooting default
values permanently stored in the ROM chips. These settings are not
optimal and turn off all high performance features. You should use
these values only if you have hardware problems. Highlight this
option on the main menu and press <Enter>. The message below
will appear.
Load Fail-Safe Settings (Y/N)? N
If you want to proceed, type <Y> and press <Enter>. The default
settings will be loaded.
3.1.7 Load Optimal Settings
The “Load Optimal Settings” option loads optimized settings from the
BIOS ROM. Use the Setup default values as standard values for your
system. Highlight this option on the main menu and press <Enter>.
The message below will appear.
Load Optimal Settings (Y/N)? N
Type <Y> and press <Enter> to load the Setup default values.
3.1.8 Integrated Peripherals
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Onboard Primary PCI IDE
:
Onboard Secondary PCI IDE
:
IDE Prefetch Mode
:
IDE HDD Block Mode
:
IDE Primary Master PIO
:
IDE Primary Slave PIO
:
IDE Secondary Master PIO
:
IDE Secondary Slave PIO
:
IDE Primary Master UDMA
:
IDE Primary Slave UDMA
:
IDE Secondary Master UDMA :
IDE Secondary Slave UDMA Init:
Display First
:
USB Controller
:
USB Keyboard Support
:
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
AGP
Enabled
Disabled
KBC Input Clock
Onboard FDC Controller
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Serial Port 2
UART2 Mode Select
:
:
:
:
:
8MHz
Enabled
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ3
Normal
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
ECP Mode Use DMA
EPP Mode Select
Keyboard/Mouse Power On
:
:
:
:
:
378/IRQ7
ECP+EPP
3
EPP1.7
Disabled
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
46
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Onboard Primary PCI IDE and Onboard Secondary PCI IDE
These categories allow you to enable or disable the primar y and
secondary IDE controller. The default is Enabled. Select Disabled if
you want to add a different hard drive controller.
IDE Prefetch Mode
This allows data and addresses to be stored in the internal buffer
of the chip, thus reducing access time. Enable this field to achieve
better performance.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Enabled The IDE HDD uses the block mode. The system BIOS
will check the hard disk drive for the maximum block
size the system can transfer. The block size will depend
on the type of hard disk drive.
Disabled The IDE HDD uses the standard mode.
IDE Primary Master/Slave PIO and IDE Secondary Master/Slave
PIO
PIO means Programmed Input/Output. Rather than have the BIOS
issue a series of commands to effect a transfer to or from the disk
drive, PIO allows the BIOS to tell the controller what it wants and
then let the controller and the CPU perform the complete task by
themselves. Your system suppor ts five modes, 0 (default) to 4, which
primarily differ in timing. When Auto is selected, the BIOS will select
the best available mode after checking your drive.
Auto The BIOS will automatically set the system according to
your hard disk drive’s timing.
0-4 You can select a mode that matches your hard disk drive’s
timing. Caution: Do not use the wrong setting or you will
have drive errors.
47
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
IDE Primary Master/Slave UDMA and IDE Secondary Master/
Slave UDMA
These categories allow you to set the Ultra DMA in use. When Auto
is selected, the BIOS will select the best available option after
checking your hard drive or CD-ROM.
Auto
The BIOS will automatically detect the settings for you.
Disabled The BIOS will not detect these categories.
Init Display First
This field is used to select whether to initialize AGP or PCI first
when the system boots.
AGP
PCI Slot
When the system boots, it will first initialize AGP.
When the system boots, it will first initialize PCI.
USB Controller
We recommend that you leave this field in its default setting Enabled.
USB Keyboard Support
By default, USB Keyboard Support is Disabled. However, if you are
using a USB keyboard under DOS, make sure to enable this function.
KBC Input Clock
This is used to select the input clock of your keyboard. The options
are: 8MHz and 12MHz. The default is 8MHz.
Onboard FDC Controller
Enabled Enables the onboard floppy disk controller.
Disabled Disables the onboard floppy disk controller.
Onboard Serial Port 1 and Onboard Serial Port 2
Auto
The system will automatically select an I/O address for
the onboard serial port 1 and serial port 2.
3F8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3 Allows
you
to
manually select an I/O address for the onboard serial
port 1 and serial port 2.
48
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Disabled Disables the onboard serial por t 1 and/or serial por t
2.
UART2 Mode Select
The system board supports IrDA function for wireless connectivity
between your computer and peripheral devices. You may not use
IrDA (J12) and the COM 2 serial por t (J8) at the same time. If
you are using the COM 2 serial por t, make sure “UART2 Mode
Select” is set to Normal.
To use the IrDA function, follow the steps below.
1. Connect your IrDA cable to connector J12 on the system
board.
2. Set “UART2 Mode Select” to the type of IrDA standard
supported by your IrDA per ipheral/device (IrDA 1.0 or
ASKIR). For better transmission of data, your IrDA peripheral
device must be within a 30o angle and within a distance of 1
meter.
3. The following will appear right after “UART2 Mode Select”.
IR Transmission Delay
If this option is Enabled, transmission of data will be slower. This
is recommended when you encounter transmission problem with
your device. The options are: Enabled and Disabled.
Onboard Parallel Port
378H/IRQ7, 3BCH/IRQ7, 278H/IRQ5 Selects the I/O address
and IRQ for the onboard parallel por t.
Disabled Disables the onboard parallel por t.
Parallel Port Mode, ECP Mode Use DMA and EPP Mode Select
These fields will appear only if you selected an I/O address and IRQ
in the Onboard Parallel Por t field. These apply to a standard
specification and will depend on the type and speed of your device.
Refer to your peripheral’s manual for the best option.
49
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
The parallel modes are SPP, EPP, ECP and ECP+EPP. The default is
ECP+EPP. Both “ECP Mode Use DMA” and “EPP Mode Select” will
appear on the screen. If you selected EPP, “EPP Mode Select” will
appear. This field applies to standard specification. The options are
EPP1.9 and EPP1.7. Default setting: EPP1.7. If you selected ECP, “ECP
Mode Use DMA” will appear. This is used to select a DMA channel
for the parallel port. The options are 1 and 3. Default setting: 3.
Keyboard/Mouse Power On
This field allows you to use the keyboard or mouse to power-on the
system. To use this function, make sure JP1 is set to 2-3 On - the
Wake-On-Keyboard/Mouse function enabled. Refer to “Jumper Settings
for Wake-On-Keyboard/Wake-On-Mouse” in Chapter 2 of this manual
for more information.
Disabled
Password
Hot Key
50
Default setting.
Warning:
If JP1 was previously enabled with a password
set in the “KB Power On Password” field, and
now you wish to disable the keyboard
password function, make sure to set this field
to disabled prior to setting JP1 to disabled (12 On). You will not be able to boot up the
system if you fail to do so.
When this option is selected, the “KB Power On
Password” field will appear. Move the cursor to this
field and press <Enter>. Enter your password. You
can enter up to 5 characters. Type in exactly the
same password to confirm, then press <Enter>.
Important:
The power button will not function once a
keyboard password has been set in the “KB
Power On Password” field. You must type the
correct password to power-on the system.
When this option is selected, the “KB Power On
Hot Key” field will appear. Move the cursor to this
field to select a function key you would like to use
to power-on the system. The options are from CtrlF1 to Ctrl-F12.
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Mouse Left When this option is selected, double-click the left
button of the mouse to power-on the system.
Mouse Right When this option is selected, double-click the right
button of the mouse to power-on the system.
Any Key
Press any key to power-on the system.
Keyboard 98 When this option is selected, press the “wake up”
key of the Windows 98 compatible keyboard to
power-on the system.
3.1.9 Supervisor Password
If you want to protect your system and setup from unauthorized
entry, set a super visor’s password with the “System” option selected
in the BIOS Features Setup. If you want to protect access to setup
only, but not your system, set a supervisor’s password with the
“Setup” option selected in the BIOS Features Setup.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the “Super visor Password” option
and press <Enter>. The message below will appear.
Enter Password:
Type in the password. You are limited to eight character s. When
done, the message below will appear :
Confirm Password:
You are asked to verify the password. Type in exactly the same
password. If you type in a wrong password, you will be prompted
to enter the correct password again. To delete or disable the
password function, highlight “Super visor Password” and press
<Enter>. Instead of typing in a new password, press the <Enter>
key, and then press any key to return to the main menu.
3.1.10 User Password
If you want another user to have access only to your system but
not to setup, set a user’s password. Using user’s password to enter
Setup allows a user to access only the “User Password” option that
appears on the main screen. Access to all other options is denied.
To set, confirm, verify, disable or delete a user’s password, follow
the procedures described in the “Supervisor Password” section.
51
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Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.11 IDE HDD Auto Detection
Use this option to detect the parameters for the hard disk drives
installed in your system. These parameters will then be automatically
entered into the "Standard CMOS Setup". The IDE HDD Auto
Detection screen displays the following categories of information:
Size, Cylinders, Heads, Precomp, LandZone, Sectors and Mode.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
HARD DISKS
TYPE SIZE CYLS HEAD RECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
Primary Master:
Select Primary Master Option (N=Skip): N
OPTIONS
SIZE
CYLS
HEAD
RECOMP LANDZ
2 (Y)
1
3
853
853
853
827
1654
827
32
16
32
0
65535
65536
1653
1653
1653
SECTOR
MODE
63
63
63
LBA
Normal
Large
Note: Some OS (like SCO-UNIX) must be “NORMAL” for installation
ESC: Skip
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
For hard drives larger than 528MB, you would typically select the
LBA type. Cer tain operating systems require that you select Normal
or Large. Please check your operating system’s manual or Help desk
on which one to select.
52
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
3.1.12 Save & Exit Setup
When all the changes have been made, highlight “Save & Exit Setup”
and press <Enter>. The message below will appear :
Save to CMOS and Exit (Y/N)? N
Type “Y” and press <Enter>. The modifications you have made will
be written into the CMOS memor y, and the system will reboot. You
will once again see the initial diagnostics on the screen. If you wish
to make additional changes to the setup, press <Ctrl> <Alt> <Esc>
simultaneously or <Del> after memor y testing is done.
3.1.13 Exit Without Saving
When you do not want to save the changes you have made,
highlight “Exit Without Saving” and press <Enter>. The message
below will appear:
Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? N
Type “Y” and press <Enter>. The system will reboot and you will
once again see the initial diagnostics on the screen. If you wish to
make any changes to the setup, press <Ctr l> <Alt> <Esc>
simultaneously or <Del> after memor y testing is done.
53
4
Supported Softwares
Chapter 4 - Supported Softwares
4.1 Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
The system board comes with a DMI built into the BIOS. DMI,
along with the appropriately networked software, is designed to
make inventor y, maintenance and troubleshooting of computer
systems easier. With DMI, a network administrator or MIS engineer
can remotely access some information about a par ticular computer
system without physically going to it. Quite often a service call may
be unnecessary as the problem can be solved remotely.
The DMI utility in the BIOS automatically records various information
about your system configuration. Information about the type and
speed of CPU, type and amount of memory for each memory slot,
BIOS revision level, types of add-in PCI boards and components,
certain revision numbers of hardware installed, etc. are automatically
detected and stored in the DMI pool, which is a part of the system
board's Plug and Play BIOS. Additional information, such as ISA
based peripherals, which may not be automatically detected, can be
manually recorded in the DMI pool by using the Add DMI menu.
The DMI pool data is then verified or updated whenever the system
hardware or setup is altered.
4.1.1 Running the DMI Utility
To r un the DMI utility, type: DMICFG.EXE. You can download this
utility from ftp.dfiusa.com - /utilities/DMI directory.
The DMI utility must run in real mode with at least 180K of base
memory. Memor y managers like HIMEM.SYS (required by Windows)
must not be installed. You may do this by using one of the 3 methods
listed below.
1. Boot up from a system diskette without the AUTOEXEC.BAT
and CONFIG.SYS files,
2. “REM” HIMEM.SYS in the CONFIG.SYS, or
3. Press <F5> during bootup to bypass your AUTOEXEC.BAT and
CONFIG.SYS files.
54
Supported Softwares
4
4.1.2 Using the DMI Utility
Award DMI Configuration Utility Copyright Award Software Inc, 1996
[Edit DMI] [Add DMI] [Load DMI File] [Save DMI File]
▲
■
BIOS
System
Enclosure/Chassis
Processor
Memory Controller
Memory Module
Memory Module
Memory Module
Memory Module
Cache
Cache
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
System Slots
▲
↑ ↓ ← Move cursor
→
*** BIOS Auto Detect ***
Type : BIOS Information
Handle : 0000
Vendor Name :
BIOS Version :
BIOS Starting Address Segment : E000
BIOS Build Date :
BIOS Characteristics :
Size of BIOS ROM : 0256K
ENTER-Accept
DEL-Delete
ESC-Abort&Exit
The four menus located on top of the DMI Configuration Utility
screen are Edit DMI, Add DMI, Load DMI File and Save DMI File.
Use the ← or → (left or right) arrow keys to select a menu from
the Menu bar.
On the left side of the screen is a list of the system configuration
items. Use the ↑ or ↓ (up or down) arrow keys to select an item.
The commands at the bottom of the screen will allow you to
navigate through the various setup menus.
Edit DMI
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Edit DMI menu.
2. Highlight the item on the left screen that you would like to edit
by using the ↑ or ↓ arrow keys, then press <Enter>.
3. The cursor will move to the screen you select allowing you to
edit information. The screen will also display the auto-detected
information.
4. Press <F10> to update the edited information into the flash
ROM.
55
4
Supported Softwares
Add DMI
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Add DMI menu.
2. Highlight the item on the left screen that you would like to add
by using the ↑ or ↓ arrow keys, then press <Enter>.
3. The cursor will move to the screen you select allowing you to
enter information about the added item.
4. Press <F10> to save information into the flash ROM.
To view information about the added items, go to the Edit DMI menu.
Load DMI File
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Load DMI File menu.
2. The following message will appear.
Press [Enter] to select DMI file for load
Press <Enter>.
3. The DMI files will appear on the screen. Select the file you would
like to load and press <Enter>.
4. The following message will appear.
Do you want to execute? (Y/N)
Type <Y>. All previous DMI structures will be destroyed and
the new file will be saved into the flash ROM.
Save DMI File
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Save DMI File menu.
2. The following message will appear.
Press [Enter] to select DMI file for save
Press <Enter>.
3. Enter the director y and filename under which you would like
the DMI file saved.
56
Supported Softwares
4
4.2 Hardware Doctor Utility
The system board comes with a Hardware Doctor utility
contained in the provided CD. This utility is capable of monitoring
the system’s “health” conditions and allows you to manually set a
range (Highest and Lowest Limit) to the items being monitored. If
the settings/values are over or under the set range, a warning
message will pop-up. The utility can also be configured so that a
beeping alarm will sound whenever an er ror occur s. We
recommend that you use the “Default Setting” which is the ideal
setting that would keep the system in good working condition.
Note:
Use this utility only in Windows® 95, Windows® 98 and
Windows NT® 4.0.
To install the utility, insert the CD (included in the system board
package) into a CD-ROM drive. The autorun screen will appear.
Double-click the Hardware Doctor icon to install the utility. After
installing the utility, the screen below will appear.
(Click here for a clearer view of the screen)
57
4
Supported Softwares
The rightmost column of the screen shows the current value of
each monitored item. To set the highest and lowest limit of each
item, click on the arrow buttons in the “Lowest Limit” or “Highest
Limit” column. However, we DO NOT recommend that you
change the settings of the Voltages. Make sure to leave them in
their default setting.
To fur ther configure the utility, select “Configuration” in the Tools
menu. The Monitoring Config. screen will appear.
(Click here for a clearer view of the screen)
Enable
Click on the items you want to be monitored.
Faults Count (1 or 3)
This allows you to select the number of fault counts detected
before a warning message pop-up. "1" = The warning message will
pop-up once an error has been detected. "3" = The warning
message will pop-up after the error has been detected thrice.
58
Supported Softwares
4
Beep
Besides the pop-up warning message, you can choose to enable the
beep alarm so that if an abnormal condition occurs, an alarm will
sound. Due to its hardware limitation, the only item that cannot be
enabled is “System Temp”. If the internal temperature of the system
is too high, only a warning message will pop-up.
Temperature Unit
You can select the temperature unit between Celsius and Fahrenheit.
The default unit is Celsius.
Polling Interval
This is used to set the inter val for monitoring the system. The range
is from 1 sec. to 120 sec. The default interval is 2 sec.
4.3 VIA® Service Pack
The CD in the system board package also comes with the VIA®
Ser vice Pack. The ser vice pack includes the following drivers.
• AGP VxD Driver
• VIA INF Driver
• VIA PCI IRQ Miniport Driver
To install the drivers, inser t the CD into a CD-ROM drive. The
autorun screen (Main Board Utility CD) will appear. Click the VIA
Ser vice Pack button. For installation instructions or information,
click the “Read Me” button in the autorun screen.
4.3.1 VIA® Service Pack Installation Notes
“VIA Ser vice Pack” in the provided CD includes the “AGP VxD
Driver” and “VIA INF Driver” drivers. These drivers are suppor ted in
Windows® 95, Windows® 98 and Windows® 98 second edition.
59
4
Supported Softwares
You must first install VIA® Service Pack prior to installing any other
drivers. However, this may not be the case for some AGP cards.
Please read carefully the information below.
Important:
The VGA dr iver that came with some AGP cards (Asus,
Leadtek, etc) is already bundled with the AGP VxD driver.
Since the version of the bundled VxD driver may be older
than the one provided in the CD, installing the bundled VxD
driver may cause problems. If you are using this type of card,
we recommend that you install first the AGP card’s VGA driver
before installing the VIA Service Pack.
To install the VIA Ser vice pack, please follow the steps below.
1. Inser t the CD that came with the system board package into a
CD-ROM drive. The autorun screen (Main Board Utility CD) will
appear.
2. Click “VIA Ser vice Pack”.
3. The “Welcome” screen will appear. Click “Next”. Please read the
“VIA Service Pack readme” carefully before proceeding to step 4.
4. Follow the prompts on the screen to complete the installation.
5. Reboot the system for the drivers to take effect.
4.4 Drivers and Utilities Installation Notes
1. "Autorun" ONLY supports the Windows 95, Windows  98,
Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems. If
after inser ting the CD, "Autorun" did not automatically star t
(which is, the Main Board Utility CD screen did not appear),
please go directly to the root directory of the CD and doubleclick "Autorun".
2. Please go to DFI's web site at "http://www.dfi.com/suppor t/
download1.asp" for the latest version of the drivers or software
applications.
3. All steps or procedures to install software drivers are subject to
change without notice as the softwares are occassionally updated.
Please refer to the readme files, if available, for the latest
information.
60
System Error Message
A
Appendix A - System Error Message
When the BIOS encounters an error that requires the user to
correct something, either a beep code will sound or a message will
be displayed in a box in the middle of the screen and the message,
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, CTRL-ALT-ESC or DEL TO ENTER
SETUP, will be shown in the information box at the bottom. Enter
Setup to correct the error.
A.1 POST Beep
There are two kinds of beep codes in the BIOS. One code
indicates that a video error has occured and the BIOS cannot
initialize the video screen to display any additional information. This
beep code consists of a single long beep followed by three shor t
beeps. The other code indicates that a DRAM error has occured.
This beep code consists of a single long beep.
A.2 Error Messages
One or more of the following messages may be displayed if the
BIOS detects an error during the POST. This list indicates the error
messages for all Awards BIOSes:
CMOS BATTERY HAS FAILED
The CMOS battery is no longer functional. It should be replaced.
Caution:
Danger of explosion if battery incorrectly replaced. Replace only
with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
battery manufacturer’s instructions.
CMOS CHECKSUM ERROR
Checksum of CMOS is incorrect. This can indicate that CMOS has
become corrupt. This error may have been caused by a weak
battery. Check the battery and replace if necessar y.
DISPLAY SWITCH IS SET INCORRECTLY
The display switch on the motherboard can be set to either
monochrome or color. This indicates the switch is set to a different
61
A
System Error Message
setting than indicated in Setup. Determine which setting is correct,
either turn off the system and change the jumper or enter Setup
and change the VIDEO selection.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (80)
Unable to reset floppy subsystem.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (40)
Floppy type mismatch.
Hard Disk(s) fail (80)
HDD reset failed.
Hard Disk(s) fail (40)
HDD controller diagnostics failed.
Hard Disk(s) fail (20)
HDD initialization error.
Hard Disk(s) fail (10)
Unable to recalibrate fixed disk.
Hard Disk(s) fail (08)
Sector Verify failed.
Keyboard is locked out - Unlock the key
The BIOS detects that the keyboard is locked. Keyboard controller
is pulled low.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached
correctly and no keys are being pressed during the boot.
Manufacturing POST loop
System will repeat POST procedure infinitely while the keyboard
controller is pull low. This is also used for the M/B burn in test at
the factory.
BIOS ROM checksum error - System halted
The checksum of ROM address F0000H-FFFFFH is bad.
Memory test fail
The BIOS reports memory test fail if the memory has error(s).
62
Troubleshooting
B
Appendix B - Troubleshooting
B.1 Troubleshooting Checklist
This chapter of the manual is designed to help you with problems
that you may encounter with your personal computer. To efficiently
troubleshoot your system, treat each problem individually. This is to
ensure an accurate diagnosis of the problem in case a problem has
multiple causes.
Some of the most common things to check when you encounter
problems while using your system are listed below.
1. The power switch of each peripheral device is turned on.
2. All cables and power cords are tightly connected.
3. The electrical outlet to which your peripheral devices are
connected is working. Test the outlet by plugging in a lamp or
other electrical device.
4. The monitor is turned on.
5. The display’s brightness and contrast controls are adjusted
properly.
6. All add-in boards in the expansion slots are seated securely.
7. Any add-in board you have installed is designed for your system
and is set up correctly.
Monitor/Display
If the display screen remains dark after the system is turned on:
1. Make sure that the monitor’s power switch is on.
2. Check that one end of the monitor’s power cord is properly
attached to the monitor and the other end is plugged into a
working AC outlet. If necessary, try another outlet.
3. Check that the video input cable is properly attached to the
monitor and the system’s display adapter.
4. Adjust the brightness of the display by turning the monitor’s
brightness control knob.
63
B
Troubleshooting
The picture seems to be constantly moving.
1. The monitor has lost its ver tical sync. Adjust the monitor’s vertical
sync.
2. Move away any objects, such as another monitor or fan, that
may be creating a magnetic field around the display.
3. Make sure your video card’s output frequencies are supported
by this monitor.
The screen seems to be constantly wavering.
1. If the monitor is close to another monitor, the adjacent monitor
may need to be turned off. Fluorescent lights adjacent to the
monitor may also cause screen wavering.
Power Supply
When the computer is turned on, nothing happens.
1. Check that one end of the AC power cord is plugged into a live
outlet and the other end properly plugged into the back of the
system.
2. Make sure that the voltage selection switch on the back panel is
set for the correct type of voltage you are using.
3. The power cord may have a “shor t” or “open”. Inspect the cord
and install a new one if necessary.
Floppy Drive
The computer cannot access the floppy drive.
1. The floppy diskette may not be formatted. Format the diskette
and try again.
2. The diskette may be write-protected. Use a diskette that is not
write-protected.
3. You may be wr iting to the wrong drive. Check the path
statement to make sure you are writing to the targeted drive.
4. There is not enough space left on the diskette. Use another
diskette with adequate storage space.
64
Troubleshooting
B
Hard Drive
Hard disk failure.
1. Make sure the correct drive type for the hard disk drive has
been entered in the BIOS.
2. If the system is configured with two hard drives, make sure the
bootable (first) hard drive is configured as Master and the
second hard drive is configured as Slave. The master hard drive
must have an active/bootable par tition.
Excessively long formatting period.
1. If your hard drive takes an excessively long period of time to
format, it is likely a cable connection problem. However, if your
hard drive has a large capacity, it will take a longer time to
format.
Parallel Port
The parallel printer doesn’t respond when you try to print.
1. Make sure that your printer is turned on and that the printer is
on-line.
2. Make sure your software is configured for the right type of
printer attached.
3. Verify that the onboard LPT port’s I/O address and IRQ settings
are configured correctly.
4. Verify that the attached device works by attaching it to a parallel
port that is working and configured correctly. If it works, the
printer can be assumed to be in good condition. If the printer
remains inoperative, replace the printer cable and try again.
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B
Troubleshooting
Serial Port
The serial device (modem, printer) doesn’t output anything or is
outputting garbled characters.
1. Make sure that the serial device’s power is turned on and that
the device is on-line.
2. Verify that the device is plugged into the correct serial port on
the rear of the computer.
3. Verify that the attached serial device works by attaching it to a
serial por t that is working and configured correctly. If the serial
device does not work, either the cable or the serial device has a
problem. If the serial device works, the problem may be due to
the onboard I/O or the address setting.
4. Make sure the COM settings and I/O address are configured
correctly.
Keyboard
Nothing happens when a key on the keyboard was pressed.
1. Make sure the keyboard is properly connected.
2. Make sure there are no objects resting on the keyboard and
that no keys are pressed during the booting process.
System Board
1. Make sure the add-in card is seated securely in the expansion
slot. If the add-in card is loose, power off the system, re-install
the card and power up the system.
2. Check the jumper settings to ensure that the jumpers are
properly set.
3. Verify that all memor y modules are seated securely into the
memory sockets.
4. Make sure the memor y modules are in the correct locations.
5. If the board fails to function, place the board on a flat surface
and seat all socketed components. Gently press each component
into the socket.
6. If you made changes to the BIOS settings, re-enter setup and
load the BIOS defaults.
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