SLIS 5720 AV Labs - Department of Information Science

SLIS 5720 AV Labs
Equipment Operation
Verification of competency in the following pieces of AV equipment is required
before a candidate may be recommended for the school librarian certificate:
AV Competency #1 = Overhead projector
AV Competency #2 = Data Projector
AV Competency #3 = TV/VCR
AV Competency #4 = Video Camera
AV Competency #5 = Digital Camera
AV Competency #6 = Scanner
AV Competency #7 = Computer
These competencies will be verified by performing the listed tasks in the
presence of a person who has an expertise in the specific equipment. Examples
of such persons are certified librarians, building or district technology staff, ESC
technology staff, computer store personnel, or trainers. When the competencies
are completed, the signature page on the final page of this document should be
filled out and submitted to the SLIS 5720 instructor.
Students will receive a grade of incomplete in SLIS5720 until all the competency
sheets have been acceptably completed.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
Page 1
AV Lab #1
Overhead Projector Operation
The overhead projector is the technology device most likely to be available in the
classroom. There are traditional overhead devices that require the projected
material to be transparent, and there are “document camera” type devices that
can project both transparent and opaque materials.
Set Up
Connect power cord to AC outlet
Locate controls:
• On/off switch
• Focus knob
• Lens head (controls where image is projected)
Complete each of the following steps:
______ Turn projector on. (Some projectors have a two-position on-switch).
______ Position transparency on stage.
______ Adjust projector to eliminate keystoning
______ Focus image using focus knob.
Restore to storage conformation.
Image distortion: The head of the projector should be perpendicular to the
projection screen. If the projector is not at right angles to the screen, a
phenomenon known as “keystoning” takes place. The projected image takes on
the shape of the keystone of an arch. See Diagram below.
To correct the problem, raise or lower the projector or screen until perpendicular
to one another. Tilting the screen can also solve the problem.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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No light after flipping switch: a) Make sure the projector is plugged in and turned
on! This is the most common reason for any AV equipment failure. b) Make sure
the power switch is all the way to the on position. Some overheads have a 3
position switch so the fan can run without the bulb on to cool the bulb after use.
c) Lamp may be burned out and bulb may need to be changed. NEVER TOUCH
BULB WITH BARE HANDS. Natural oils on your fingers will shorten bulb life
significantly. Bulbs can be expensive ≈ $25 apiece if bought singly. d) Switch
may be defective. Have technician correct. This is the least likely cause.
Dark spot on area of screen: a) If the dark area is around the edge of the screen,
the problem is that the fresnel (pronounced “freh-nel”) lens is in upside down.
Some fresnel lenses are easy to unscrew and reverse. Others require the
assistance of a technician. While the lens is out, wash it with Dawn or other mild
dishwashing soap before replacing. b) If the dark area is elsewhere on the
screen, the lamp socket may need adjusting. This repair requires a technician.
Failure of lens to focus despite all adjustments: If you are certain that dirt isn’t the
cause, the likely cause is a warped fresnel lens. Fresnel lenses, being plastic,
can be damaged by excessive heat. The cause may be a defective fan, or may
be caused by stacking papers or books atop a running projector. A technician will
need to replace the lens and check the fan and thermostat.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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AV Lab #2
Data Projector Operation
A data projector works much like a scan converter. It accepts video output from
the computer and displays it on a wall or projection screen. The advantage of the
projector is that it projects a larger image than that on a typical 32” TV -- as large
as 10’ x 12’, depending on the projector. Data projectors are suitable for large
classrooms, auditoriums, or any application where viewing computer screen
detail is important.
Proxima Data
The disadvantage of data projectors is the cost. A typical scan converter costs
about $200 while a good data projector can cost from $2500 - $5000. Bulbs for
data projectors are also expensive – up to $500 each.
Locate input/output ports on computer and projector
Hook computer to projector
If available, hook computer monitor to projector
Locate controls:
• On/off switch for projector
• Volume
• Blank button
• Focus controls
Connecting a data
projector to a computer
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______ Turn on projector.
______ Turn on computer.
______ Select data source.
______ Focus display.
______ Adjust color/brightness, etc. if needed
Shut down computer. Disconnect computer data cable from projector and
computer. Reattach monitor data cable to video port on computer.
No picture: Is the power on? If you are using a laptop computer, switch video
display mode on laptop computer to external. Is blank or standby selected?
Picture not clear: Adjust focus; clean lens.
Remote doesn’t work: Does it new batteries?
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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AV Lab #3
TV/VCR Operation
Set Up
Connect power cords to AC outlet.
Locate controls:
• On/off switches for both TV and VCR
• Volume
• Play, rewind, fast forward, stop, eject, pause, record buttons
• TV/VCR toggle button
• Channel selection button
Complete each of the following steps:
______Turn TV and VCR on (some models are a combination of the two).
______Load and play videocassette.
______Stop and rewind videocassette
______Change reception channel and connect cables for off-air taping.
Eject videocassette.
Restore to storage conformation.
Videotape is running, but there is no picture or sound on monitor: a) You forgot to
select the TV/VCR switch; b) the VCR isn’t hooked up properly; or c) you have
the VCR set to either channel 3 or 4 and the TV is set to the opposite number.
Fuzzy sound or snowy picture: Tracking needs to be adjusted.
Tape loose in video cassette: Tighten by using fingers to wind the spools in
opposite directions.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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AV Lab #4
Video Camera Operation
Video cameras use a CCD (charged-coupled device)–a light-sensitive electronic
module–to change light into electrical impulses. The impulses are stored on
magnetic tape. The recorded tape can be played back through the camera into
its video eyepiece or to a regular television set. Video is recorded on tape in a
helical arrangement (see diagram), which prevents accurate splicing of the tape.
Audio track
Video track
Control track
Set Up
Connect power cord to AC outlet and AC adaptor, or be sure battery is in place.
Locate controls
• Power switch
• Battery eject
• Focus rings
• Play, rewind, fast forward, stop/eject, and pause/still buttons
• Zoom controls – fast forward and reverse
• Manual/auto focus button
• Red record/button
Locate parts
• Battery pack
• Lens cover
• Eyepiece/viewfinder: Notice indicators through viewfinder – battery
level (never let camera run on low battery, never leave battery
discharged for more than 24 hours), time remaining for recording, date
and time, operating mode rec/pause/ff/play/rew
• Microphone
• Handgrip
Press stop/eject button and insert videocassette window side out. Shut case.
Complete each of the following steps:
______ Turn power switch on. Red indicator light will illuminate. Turn eyepiece
out to the left so you can look through it. It will click into place.
______ Remove lens cover and set focus button to manual. This will prevent the
camera from constantly focusing with each movement the subject makes,
draining power. Looking through the viewfinder, manually focus the subject.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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______ Press record/pause to begin recording. Press again to pause recording.
Practice zooming smoothly into and out from subject. Remember that zooming
takes more battery power. In pause mode, press stop/eject to stop recording.
Remove videocassette.
Replace lens cover.
Return eyepiece to storage position.
Switch camera off.
Restore to storage conformation.
Camera is on, but I can’t see my subject through the viewfinder: a) Lens cap on;
b) camera in “play” mode.
The videocassette case won’t shut: Cassette will only fit case one way. Turn
My subject, through the viewfinder, is only in black and white: Some viewfinders
are black & while even though the camera records in color. Perhaps you have a
special feature turned on in camera.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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AV Lab #5
Digital Camera Operation
Set Up
Be sure batteries are charged and installed.
Locate controls
• Power switch
• Shutter release button
• Flash button
• Play/camera
• Brightness controls
• Zoom control (wide/tight)
• Auto focus control
• Control panel display
Complete each of the following steps:
______Open the lens cover (do not touch the lens).
______Insert removable memory chip or “stick” or formatted floppy disk.
______Power on the camera.
______Select the desired flash setting.
______Frame your subject in the viewfinder or on the LCD panel. Press the
shutter release button. Take multiple photographs.
______Select image from camera index. Delete one image.
______Close lens cover when finished.
Return to storage conformation.
While trying to photograph, the control panel registers blank: a) Camera is
switched to viewfinder mode; b) control panel is turned off; c) camera is not
turned on.
LCD display shows only black and white images: a) Camera has special
features turned on; b) LCD display is monochrome.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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AV Lab #6
Scanner Operation
A scanner converts print documents and images to digital format for use on the
Web and in word processing or desktop publishing documents. Refer to Internet
site: for more information.
Your scanner and scanning software may differ from this setup. Consult your
local computer technician to see if these directions must be modified for your
own installation.
Set Up
Locate controls:
• Power switch
• Document cover
If scanner is off, restart computer with scanner on so the computer will
communicate with scanner.
Complete each of the following steps:
______ Double click on HP Precision Scan Pro II icon on desktop.
______ Place image/document face down on scanner glass at the corner
marked with the page icon (upper right corner).
______Click on the Preview button.
______ When scanned image appears, drag selection rectangle around the
portion of the image you wish to scan.
______Click SCAN button
______ Select Save As from the scan menu or click on floppy disk icon. Image
must be saved to floppy disk! Name file. Click SAVE.
______ In JPEG Options dialog box, click OK.
______ To edit image, double click on name of image file. MS Photo Editor will
automatically open for edit.
______ Print image.
Remove original from glass
Straight lines on your scanned image appear crooked or jagged: Image was not
aligned with edge of scanner. Straighten and rescan or use image editing
software to rotate image until sides are straight.
Power is on to scanner but computer error message says computer cannot find
scanner: Scanner was not on when computer was started. Turn on scanner and
reboot computer.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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AV Lab #7
Computer Operation
Never hook or unhook computer components while there is power to the CPU.
Identify the following parts:
• CPU – central processing unit (main computer box)
• Keyboard
• Monitor
• Mouse
• Printer
• Speakers
• Monitor data cable
• Printer cable
• Power cables to printer, monitor and CRU
• Network data port
• Network cable
Locate controls on CPU, monitor, printer and speakers.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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Complete each of the following steps:
______ Connect monitor data cable to video port on CPU.
______ Connect keyboard to keyboard connector on CPU. Check to see that
pins are properly aligned before pressing in.
______ Connect mouse.
______ Connect printer cable to parallel port on printer.
______ Connect printer cable to LPT 1 port on CPU.
______ Connect speakers to Audio Out or speaker port on sound card.
______ Connect network cable to network jack in CPU.
______ Connect other end of network cable to network wall jack (make sure it
isn’t a telephone jack!).
______ Connect power cables to CPU, monitor, printer and speakers.
______ Turn on monitor, printer, and speakers.
______ Turn on CPU.
______ Follow computer shut down procedure before power off.
Computer is on, but no image appears on monitor: a) Monitor is not connected to
video card; b) monitor is not plugged in and turned on.
Computer and monitor appear to be working normally, but network access is not
possible: a) Computer is not connected to network. Unplug and replug network
cables at both ends; b) computer is not configured for network access. Consult
technician; c) network jack is not working. Try another jack.
Computer works, but nothing will print: a) Printer is not hooked to parallel port of
CPU; b) printer is not turned on; c) printer drivers are not installed.
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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SLIS 5720
AV Checklist
Signature Page
Please submit this page to the SLIS 5720 instructor:
I verify that the student (named below),
has completed the competencies in the following pieces of AV equipment (please
initial each of the AV competencies that the student has completed and sign
____ AV Competency #1 = Overhead projector
____ AV Competency #2 = Data Projector
____ AV Competency #3 = TV/VCR
____ AV Competency #4 = Video Camera
____ AV Competency #5 = Digital Camera
____ AV Competency #6 = Scanner
____ AV Competency #7 = Computer
Printed Name___________________________________
Signature ______________________________________ Date _____________
Position _________________________________________________________
Phone Number____________________________________________________
Business Address__________________________________________________
(Acceptable supervisors: certified librarians, building or district technology staff,
ESC technology staff; computer store personnel or trainers)
SLIS 5720 AV Equipment Checkout
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