Keyboard - KDE Documentation

Keyboard
Mike McBride
Anne-Marie Mahfouf
Keyboard
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Keyboard
Contents
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The Hardware tab
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2
The Layouts tab
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3
The Advanced tab
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Keyboard
This module allows you to choose how your keyboard works.
There are three tabs in this module.
1
The Hardware tab
The actual effect of setting these options depends upon the features provided by your keyboard
hardware and the X server on which Plasma is running. As an example, you may find that
changing the key click volume has no effect because that feature is not available on your system.
Keyboard model:
Here you can set your keyboard model. This setting is independent of your keyboard layout
and refers to the ´´hardware´´ model, i.e. the way your keyboard is manufactured. Modern
keyboards that come with your computer usually have two extra keys and are referred to
as ´´104-key´´ models, which is probably what you want if you do not know what kind of
keyboard you have.
NumLock on Plasma Startup
You can choose to either always Turn on or Turn off the NumLock when Plasma starts,
or you can choose to have Plasma leave NumLock at whatever it was set to before Plasma
started up.
Keyboard Repeat
When this option is turned on, pressing and holding down a key emits the same character
repeatedly until the key is released. Pressing and holding the key will have the same effect
as pressing it multiple times in succession.
T IP
Almost all users will want to have this option enabled, because it makes navigating through
documents with the arrow keys significantly easier.
Delay
This option allows you to set the delay after which a pressed key will start generating
keycodes.
Rate
This option allows you to set the rate at which keycodes are generated while a key is
pressed.
Type some characters into the Test area text box to verify the settings.
Many computers won’t support this function.
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The Layouts tab
This tab lets you choose what keyboard layouts you want to use, what indicator you want in the
system tray, how you want to switch and which shortcuts you will use.
Layout Indicator
You can choose to Show layout indicator which will show the language iso name in the
system tray. You can choose to show the indicator even if you have a single layout enabled
and you can show the language flag instead of only the ISO code by checking Show flag.
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Keyboard
Switching Policy
If you select Application or Window switching policy, changing the keyboard layout will
only affect the current application or window. Global will change the keyboard layout
globally and Desktop will change it only for the current virtual desktop.
Shortcuts for Switching Layout
Main shortcuts is a shortcut for switching layouts which is handled by X.org. 3rd level
shortcuts is a shortcut for switching to a third level of the active layout (if it has one) which
is handled by X.org. It allows modifier-only shortcuts. Alternative shortcut is a shortcut for
switching layouts which is handled by Plasma. It does not support modifier-only shortcuts
and also may not work in some situations (e.g. if popup is active or from screensaver).
Configure layouts
If you check Configure layouts you will be able to add and remove keyboard layouts in
order to switch between them when you need.
Clicking on Add will open a dialog where you will be able to choose the new keyboard
layout you want to add as well as its variant, label and shortcut.
The list of layouts right to the Layout label in the Add Layout dialog can be narrowed
down using Limit selection by language drop-down list. You can click on Preview button
to preview chosen layout in a separate window.
You can order the layouts with the up and down buttons, the top one being the default one.
Spare layouts
This option can be enabled only if you have more than two layouts.
Spare layouts allow to toggle between small number of layouts easily while keeping more
layouts handy close by. For example you might use 3 languages: English, Ukrainian and
German but first two are used often and third one just occasionally. In this case you can
configure first two as main layouts (setting Main layout count: 2) and German one as
spare one - when you toggle with keyboard and left mouse button the switch will happen
between main layouts only but you can always choose 3rd layout with context menu.
When spare layout is chosen it replaces the last main layout (this is done for technical reasons, usually global shortcuts work based on the 1st active layout so it’s more reliable to
preserve the 1st layout when allowing to activate spare layouts).
As X.org only allows to have 4 layouts to switch ‘spare layouts’ feature also allows to overcome this limitation: user can have up to 4 main layouts (managed by X.org) but 4 more
spare layouts allowed (managed by layout switcher). Thus user can conveniently work
with up to total of 8 layouts (although the 4 spare layouts limit can be raised in the future).
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The Advanced tab
In this tab, if you check Configure keyboard options you will then be able to set a few options
regarding some special keys settings. You can expand these options by clicking on the > symbol
on the left of the option then you choose your setting in the expanded list.
This is a GUI to help creating custom keyboard layouts for X11 using XKB.
For more information please refer to the Links section on the XKeyboardConfig page on freedesktop.org.
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