UFGS 26 35 43 400-Hertz (HZ) Solid State Frequency Converter

**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-26 35 43 (May 2011)
Change 1 - 05/13
--------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-26 35 43 (April 2006)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated April 2017
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 26 - ELECTRICAL
SECTION 26 35 43
400-HERTZ (HZ) SOLID STATE FREQUENCY CONVERTER
05/11
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.3
SUBMITTALS
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Frequency Converter Drawings
1.4.2
Qualifications of Manufacturer
1.4.3
Work Plan
1.4.4
Routine Factory Test Plan
1.4.5
Special Factory Test Plan
1.4.6
Performance Test Plan
1.4.7
UL Listing
1.4.7.1
Currently Listed Products
1.4.7.2
Proposed Listed Products
1.4.8
Routine Factory Tests Report
1.4.9
Special Factory Tests Report
1.4.10
Performance Tests Report
1.5
MAINTENANCE
1.5.1
Operation and Maintenance Manuals
1.5.1.1
Additions to Operation and Maintenance Manuals
1.5.1.2
Preliminary Operation and Maintenance Manuals
1.5.1.3
Extra Material
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
FREQUENCY CONVERTER
2.1.1
Electrical Characteristics
2.1.1.1
Input Voltage
2.1.1.2
Input Power Factor
2.1.1.3
Surge Protection
2.1.1.4
Inrush Current
2.1.1.5
Input Current Distortion
2.1.1.6
Output Voltage
2.1.1.7
Power Output
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 1
2.1.1.8
Load Range
2.1.1.9
Efficiency
2.1.1.10
No Load Input Losses
2.1.1.11
Overload/Overcurrent
2.1.1.12
Short Circuit
2.1.1.13
Output Voltage THD
2.1.1.14
Output Voltage Amplitude Modulation
2.1.1.15
Frequency Stability
2.1.1.16
Phase Angle Regulation
2.1.1.17
Transient Output Voltage Recovery
2.1.2
Environmental Rating
2.1.3
Monitoring and Control Panel
2.1.3.1
Controls
2.1.3.2
Indicators
2.1.3.3
Digital Instrumentation
2.1.3.4
Instrumentation
2.1.3.5
Alarm Annunciator
2.1.4
Input/Output Devices
2.1.4.1
Circuit Breaker
2.1.4.2
Input Circuit Breaker
2.1.4.3
Output Contactor
2.1.4.4
Output Circuit Breaker
2.1.4.5
Aircraft Interlock Circuit
2.1.5
Protective Controls
2.1.6
Electromagnetic Interference Limits
2.1.7
Automatic Line Drop Compensation
2.1.8
Paralleling
2.1.9
Auto Restart
2.1.10
Built-In Test Equipment
2.1.11
Magnetic Devices
2.1.12
Acoustical Noise
2.1.13
Assembly Construction
2.1.14
Nameplates
2.2
AIRCRAFT POWER CABLE ASSEMBLY
2.3
REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL PANEL
2.4
SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
2.4.1
Converter Test Schedule
2.4.2
Routine Factory Tests
2.4.3
Special Factory Tests (Design Tests)
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
INSTALLATION
3.1.1
Equipment
3.1.1.1
Floor Mounted
3.1.1.2
Wall Mounted
3.1.2
Grounding
3.1.3
Wiring and Conduit
3.1.3.1
Building Wiring
3.1.3.2
Conduit
3.1.4
Manufacturer's Representative
3.2
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
3.2.1
Instruments
3.2.2
Performance of Acceptance Checks and Tests
3.2.3
Initial Inspection and Tests
3.2.4
Performance Tests
3.2.4.1
Preliminary Operation
3.2.4.2
Control and Protective Device Checks
3.2.4.3
Load Test
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 2
3.2.4.4
Transient Tests
3.2.4.5
Harmonic Distortion Tests
3.2.4.6
Automatic Line Drop Compensation
3.2.5
Grounding System
3.2.6
Follow-up Verification
3.3
DEMONSTRATION
3.3.1
Instructing Government Personnel
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 3
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-26 35 43 (May 2011)
Change 1 - 05/13
--------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-26 35 43 (April 2006)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated April 2017
**************************************************************************
SECTION 26 35 43
400-HERTZ (HZ) SOLID STATE FREQUENCY CONVERTER
05/11
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for the procurement, installation, and
testing of 400 Hz solid state frequency converters.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable item(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: These converters are used to supply 400 Hz
electrical power to aircraft and ships in shore
facility environments. Typical applications include
aircraft operating in flight line conditions or in
hangars, avionics shops, laboratories, training
buildings, flight simulators, and computer rooms.
This specification is not to be used for procurement
of power converters installed on board aircraft or
ships. This specification is not intended for
medium-voltage applications.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The following information shall be shown on
the project drawings:
1.
Show location of all equipment including
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 4
converter, paralleling panels, remote monitoring and
control panel.
2. Provide functional block diagram, single line
diagrams, power, and control wiring interconnection
diagrams, wiring diagrams, conduit entry diagrams,
equipment elevations, limiting dimensions, and
equipment ratings which are not covered in the
specifications.
3. Design 400 Hz equipment rooms with working
spaces as required by NFPA 70. Provide ventilation
for equipment rooms based on 400 Hz components heat
load generated when operating at 100 percent load.
Provide 60 Hz convenience receptacles.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Ensure that the 400 Hz distribution system is
properly coordinated including the ratings of the
power cables, ground cables, circuit breakers,
transformers, filters, rectifiers, and control
equipment. When replacing a motor generator set
with a solid state converter ensure that the
existing feeders circuit protective devices will
operate properly without damage to electrical
devices including the solid state converter.
**************************************************************************
PART 1
1.1
GENERAL
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a Reference Identifier (RID) outside of
the Section's Reference Article to automatically
place the reference in the Reference Article. Also
use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
to update the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 5
Characteristics
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)
UL 1012
(2010; Reprint Apr 2016) UL Standard for
Safety Power Units Other than Class 2
UL 1449
(2014; Reprint Mar 2016) UL Standard for
Safety Surge Protective Devices
UL 489
(2016) UL Standard for Safety Molded-Case
Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case Switches and
Circuit-Breaker Enclosures
UL 506
(2008; Reprint Oct 2013) Specialty
Transformers
1.2
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Section 26 00 00.00 20 BASIC ELECTRICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS, applies to
this section with addition and modifications specified herein.
1.3
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Review Submittal Description (SD) definitions
in Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES and edit
the following list to reflect only the submittals
required for the project.
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G". Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control
System.
Only add a “G” to an item, if the
submittal is sufficiently important or complex in
context of the project.
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
Use the "S" classification only in SD-11 Closeout
Submittals. The "S" following a submittal item
indicates that the submittal is required for the
Sustainability eNotebook to fulfill federally
mandated sustainable requirements in accordance with
Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 7
Characteristics
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)
UL 1012
(2010; Reprint Apr 2016) UL Standard for
Safety Power Units Other than Class 2
UL 1449
(2014; Reprint Mar 2016) UL Standard for
Safety Surge Protective Devices
UL 489
(2016) UL Standard for Safety Molded-Case
Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case Switches and
Circuit-Breaker Enclosures
UL 506
(2008; Reprint Oct 2013) Specialty
Transformers
1.2
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Section 26 00 00.00 20 BASIC ELECTRICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS, applies to
this section with addition and modifications specified herein.
1.3
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Review Submittal Description (SD) definitions
in Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES and edit
the following list to reflect only the submittals
required for the project.
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G". Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control
System.
Only add a “G” to an item, if the
submittal is sufficiently important or complex in
context of the project.
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
Use the "S" classification only in SD-11 Closeout
Submittals. The "S" following a submittal item
indicates that the submittal is required for the
Sustainability eNotebook to fulfill federally
mandated sustainable requirements in accordance with
Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 7
Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force
and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed
item for Army projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are [for Contractor Quality Control
approval.][for information only. When used, a designation following the
"G" designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for
the Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability eNotebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-02 Shop Drawings
Frequency converter drawings; G[, [_____]]
SD-03 Product Data
Frequency converter; G[, [_____]]
Aircraft power cable assembly; G[, [_____]]
[
Remote Monitoring and Control Panel; G[, [_____]]]
SD-06 Test Reports
Work Plan; G[, [_____]]
Routine Factory Test Plan; G[, [_____]]
Special Factory Test Plan; G[, [_____]]
Performance Test Plan; G[, [_____]]
Test Schedule; G[, [_____]]
Routine Factory Tests; G[, [_____]]
Special Factory Tests; G[, [_____]]
SD-07 Certificates
Qualifications of manufacturer; ; G[, [_____]]
UL Listing; ; G[, [_____]]
SD-09 Manufacturer's Field Reports
Initial Inspection and Tests; G[, [_____]]
Performance Tests; G[, [_____]]
Training Syllabus; G[, [_____]]
SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data
Frequency converter, Data Package 5; G[, [_____]]
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 8
Preliminary Operation and Maintenance Manuals, Data Package 5; G[,
[_____]]
Remote Monitoring and Control Panel, Data Package 5; G[, [_____]]
1.4
1.4.1
QUALITY ASSURANCE
Frequency Converter Drawings
Furnish scaled drawings of enclosure outline including front, top, side
views, and overall dimensions. Provide external power and control wiring
and cable connections. Provide single line, schematic, and wiring
diagrams. Drawings shall include details of input and output circuit
breakers, contactors, rectifiers, surge protectors, and control devices.
Drawings shall include conduit entry and exit locations. If parallel
operation is included, provide an interconnection diagram.
1.4.2
Qualifications of Manufacturer
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The experience clause in this section has
been approved by a Level I Contracting Officer in
accordance with the requirements of Naval Facilities
Acquisition Supplement (NFAS). NFAS can be found a
the following link:
https://portal.navfac.navy.mil/portal/page/portal/navfac/navfac_forbusinesses_
This clause may be used without further approval or
request for waiver.
**************************************************************************
Submit a certification that the manufacturer has a minimum of five (5)
years' experience in the design, manufacturing, and testing of 400 Hz solid
state frequency converters at the same or equivalent kVA and voltage
ratings for direct connection to aircraft electrical loads. When
specifications require multiple converters operating in parallel, the
manufacturer shall provide specific experience with equal or greater kVA
rated converters.
The certification shall state that the manufacturer is experienced in
manufacturing and testing solid state converters of an equivalent or
greater kVA rating. Experience in manufacturing motor generator sets does
not qualify as equivalent. Experience in manufacturing portable
engine-driven 400-hertz power units does not qualify as equivalent. The
manufacturer shall be experienced in producing units for installation in
permanent buildings in environmentally closed spaces or in weatherproof
enclosures as applicable. The manufacturer shall also document that
converters are designed for connection to non-linear loads typically
encountered in the aircraft and shipbuilding industries. The manufacturer
shall furnish documented experience with converters in various
environmental conditions including exterior flight line, hangar, and
environmentally enclosed spaces within buildings.
1.4.3
Work Plan
Submit a written schedule of dates of routine and special factory tests,
installation, field tests, and operator training for the converter system.
Furnish a list of instrumentation equipment for factory and field test
reports.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 9
1.4.4
Routine Factory Test Plan
Submit 7 copies of test plans and procedures at least [21][_____] calendar
days prior to the tests being conducted. Provide detailed description of
test procedures, including test equipment and setups, to be used to ensure
the converter meets the performance specification and explain the test
methods to be used. As a minimum, the test procedures shall include the
tests required under the paragraph entitled "Routine Factory Tests."
1.4.5
Special Factory Test Plan
Submit 7 copies of test plans and procedures with the Routine Factory Test
Plan. Provide detailed description of test procedures, including test
equipment and setups, used to ensure the converter meets the performance
specification and explain the test methods used. As a minimum, the test
procedures shall include the tests required under the paragraph entitled
"Special Factory Tests."
1.4.6
Performance Test Plan
Submit 7 copies of test plans and procedures at least [15][_____] calendar
days prior to the start of field tests. Provide detailed description and
dates and times scheduled for performance of tests, and detailed
description of test procedures, including test equipment (list make and
model and provide functional description of the test instruments and
accessories) and setups of the tests to be conducted to ensure the
converter meets the performance specification. Explain the test methods to
be used. As a minimum, the test procedures shall include the tests
required under the paragraph entitled "Field Quality Control." Test
reports shall include power quality measurement data collected in
accordance with IEEE 1159.
1.4.7
UL Listing
Submit with the initial submittal to verify qualification of manufacturer.
Frequency converter shall be identified with a UL or nationally recognized
testing laboratory (NRTL) label prior to shipping.
1.4.7.1
Currently Listed Products
Submit UL or NRTL certification or UL file number for the actual frequency
converter to be shipped.
1.4.7.2
Proposed Listed Products
Submit UL or NRTL certification or UL file number for same or similar
rating or product size range of like design unit.
1.4.8
Routine Factory Tests Report
Submit within [45][_____] calendar days after completion of tests. Receive
approval of test prior to shipping unit. Certify tests were conducted on
each converter in accordance with the requirements set forth in paragraph
entitled "Routine Factory Tests" and certify converter satisfactorily
operated within specified limits. Report shall include copies of the test
procedures, test data, and results.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 10
1.4.9
Special Factory Tests Report
Certify tests were conducted on a converter of the same design,
construction and kVA and voltage rating to be provided and in accordance
with the requirements set forth in paragraph entitled "Special Factory
Test" and certify converter operated without malfunctioning within
specified limits. Report shall include copies of the test procedures, test
data, and results.
1.4.10
Performance Tests Report
Submit report of test results as specified by paragraph entitled "Field
Quality Control" within [15][_____] calendar days after completion of
tests. Certify tests were conducted on each converter in accordance with
the paragraph entitled "Field Quality Control" and certify converter
satisfactorily operated within specified limits. Report shall include
copies of the test procedures, test data, and results.
1.5
MAINTENANCE
1.5.1
Operation and Maintenance Manuals
Submit frequency converter operation and maintenance manuals in accordance
with Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA.
1.5.1.1
Additions to Operation and Maintenance Manuals
In addition to requirements of Data Package 5, include the following on the
actual frequency converter provided:
a.
A "one-line diagram" from service entrance to 400 Hz utilization panel
or point.
b.
A weatherproof, tear-resistant plastic data sheet with operating
instructions for each unit including startup, shutdown[, and
paralleling] procedures.
c.
Routine and field acceptance test reports.
d.
UL or NRTL certification or UL file number.
1.5.1.2
Preliminary Operation and Maintenance Manuals
Prior to scheduling Field Performance Tests, 2 copies of a Preliminary
Operation and Maintenance Manual must be submitted to and approved by the
Contracting Officer.
1.5.1.3
Extra Material
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete ventilation system filters except for
frequency converters located outdoors or in areas
subject to a high level of airborne contaminants.
**************************************************************************
Furnish recommended manufacturer's spare parts list and schedule of prices
for each type of converter and other equipment specified in this section.
This list shall include the following:
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 11
2.1.1.13
a.
b.
Output Voltage THD
Balanced load:
(1)
Output voltage THD: Not to exceed [3][_____] percent line-to-line
and line-to-neutral for linear loads as specified in the paragraph
entitled "Load Range".
(2)
Output voltage THD: Not to exceed [5][_____] percent
line-to-line and line-to-neutral for non-linear loads as specified
in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
(3)
Maximum single harmonic distortion: Not to exceed [2][_____]
percent of the fundamental at the nominal voltage for linear loads
as specified in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
(4)
Maximum single harmonic distortion: Not to exceed [3][_____]
percent of the fundamental at the nominal voltage for non-linear
loads as specified in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
Unbalanced load: Output voltage THD not to exceed 4 percent,
line-to-neutral with 15 percent unbalanced linear load.
2.1.1.14
Output Voltage Amplitude Modulation
Output voltage amplitude modulation shall not exceed 1/2 percent of nominal
voltage at no load to full load.
2.1.1.15
Frequency Stability
Provide a high frequency crystal clock to control output frequency of the
400 Hz converter within plus or minus 0.5 percent for all operating
conditions, including maximum and minimum specified input voltages, ambient
temperature and relative humidity. The frequency regulation shall operate
independent of supply frequency and load changes.
2.1.1.16
Phase Angle Regulation
Displacement angle between adjacent voltage phases shall be 120 degrees
plus or minus 2 degrees with balanced load and plus or minus 4 degrees with
three phase 15 percent unbalanced load. A 15 percent unbalanced load is
defined as:
a.
Phase A at full rated single phase load.
b.
Phase B at 85 percent of Phase A.
c.
Phase C at 85 percent of Phase A.
2.1.1.17
Transient Output Voltage Recovery
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use MIL-STD-704, when 400 Hz power is
required to power aircraft avionic equipment.
Use MIL-STD-1399-300, when 400 Hz power is required
to power shipboard equipment.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 16
[In accordance with MIL-STD-704.][In accordance with MIL-STD-1399-300 for
Type [II][III] power.]
2.1.2
Environmental Rating
The converter shall operate satisfactorily from no load to rated full load
under the following conditions:
a.
Ambient temperatures ranging from 0 degrees C to 55 degrees C.
b.
Relative humidity from [0 to 95] [_____] percent noncondensing.
c.
Ambient pressures from sea level to [915] [_____] meters [3,000]
[_____] feet.
2.1.3
Monitoring and Control Panel
Provide converter with a control panel that is equipped with the following
controls, indicators, instrumentation, data logging, diagnostics, and alarm
functions.
2.1.3.1
Controls
a.
Start/stop pushbutton.
b.
Lamp/light emitting diode (LED) test - A push-to-test button or switch
to test indicator lamps/LEDs.
[c.
Alarm silence - A switch that shall disable the audible alarm.]
d.
Alarm reset - A pushbutton to silence audible alarms.
e.
Emergency power off - A separate pushbutton for emergency power off.
[f.
Circuit breaker.]
[g.
Output contractor ON/OFF]
[h.
Output voltage adjust.]
2.1.3.2
Indicators
a.
Input power available - Lamp/LED to indicate that the supply voltage is
available.
b.
Output power On/Off - Lamp/LED to indicate that the converter output
voltage is available.
c.
System alarm - Lamp/LED to indicate that a fault has been detected.
This indicator shall be latched in the "ON" position whenever an alarm
condition described in paragraph entitled, "Alarm Annunciator," is
detected and shall remain "ON" until the alarm reset pushbutton is
pressed.
d.
Indicating lamp/LED to indicate that the alarm silence switch is in the
disable position.
e.
Audible alarm.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 17
required when providing power to Navy aircraft. Use
only when requested by Air Force or other DOD
claimants. Coordinate with specified aircraft cable
assembly.
**************************************************************************
Interlock circuit shall determine the presence or absence of the 28 VDC
feedback signal from the aircraft. Interlock circuit shall not allow the
output disconnect to close if the 28 VDC signal is not present. If the
output disconnect is closed when the 28 VDC is lost, the disconnect shall
open within 2 seconds. Converter shall contain terminal block points for
the connection of two 12 AWG wire from the aircraft cable assembly for the
interlock circuit. Interlock circuit shall not draw more than 20
milliamperes from the aircraft's 28 VDC circuit. For testing purposes,
provide a switch inside the converter with two positions:
a.
Normal - For aircraft loads.
b.
Bypass - For testing with dummy load or no load, or for use with
aircraft with no 28 VDC.
]2.1.5
Protective Controls
Provide circuitry for the following protective controls.
a.
Input undervoltage.
b.
Input overvoltage.
c.
Loss of phase.
d.
Loss of input power.
e.
Door interlock - When any access door is opened, the interlock
circuitry shall open the [60][50] Hz input device [and 400 Hz output
device] and not allow the input [or output] device to close. For
maintenance purposes, provide a bypass switch to defeat the interlock
circuitry.
f.
Output overvoltage - Protect by tripping output devices for
instantaneous overvoltage of 30 percent or more and for 10 to 30
percent overvoltage lasting more than 0.25 second.
g.
Output undervoltage - Protect by preventing the closing of the output
disconnect until the output voltage is 95 percent of the rated output.
If, after closing, the voltage decreases to below 90 percent for longer
than 5 seconds, provide relaying to trip output devices utilizing a
field-adjustable time-delayed circuit with a range of 4 to 10 seconds.
h.
Output frequency - Protect by tripping output devices for frequency
change in excess of plus or minus 5 percent of the rated output
frequency (400 HZ).
i.
Output overload.
j.
Converter overtemperature protection.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 20
2.1.6
[Electromagnetic Interference Limits
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This is an additional cost item and reduces
converter efficiency. EMI filtering should not be
specified unless specifically requested by the user.
**************************************************************************
Comply with MIL-STD-461 for Class C2 equipment.
]2.1.7
Automatic Line Drop Compensation
Provide automatic line drop compensation - 0 to 7 percent adjustable
internally.
2.1.8
[Paralleling
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This is an additional cost item and should
not be specified unless specifically requested by
the user.
**************************************************************************
Provide frequency converter capable of being paralleled. Paralleled units
shall be same manufacturer and model number. Regulate and control units
operated in parallel by a master unit. Design controls associated with
paralleling of the units such that each frequency converter can operate as
a stand alone unit, or as either a slave or master unit in a parallel
system. Units shall parallel and synchronize within a 50 millisecond
recovery time. Share the total load equally within plus or minus
[_____][5] percent by each unit. [Provide manual paralleling which permits
a paralleled unit to be added or removed from the system without
interrupting the operation of other units.]
]2.1.9
[Auto Restart
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Auto restart should be considered when the
converter is installed in a remote location that is
not readily accessible to operating personnel and
maintaining 400 Hz power is critical to
operations.
Use of auto restart should be studied
carefully to ensure that it does not create a
potential personnel safety hazard. This is an
additional cost item and should not be specified
unless specifically requested by the user.
**************************************************************************
After a total input power outage the unit shall be capable of automatically
restarting and re-energizing loads upon restoration of normal power.
Provide units with a manual/auto restart switch. If this requirement
requires a backup battery power supply this shall be provided. When
interlock circuit has been interrupted or when interlock is in the
maintenance position manual restart, the system should not restart.
]2.1.10
[Built-In Test Equipment
Frequency converter shall include built-in test equipment which monitors
both primary circuits and protection circuits of the unit. Provide visual
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 21
2.1.1.13
a.
b.
Output Voltage THD
Balanced load:
(1)
Output voltage THD: Not to exceed [3][_____] percent line-to-line
and line-to-neutral for linear loads as specified in the paragraph
entitled "Load Range".
(2)
Output voltage THD: Not to exceed [5][_____] percent
line-to-line and line-to-neutral for non-linear loads as specified
in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
(3)
Maximum single harmonic distortion: Not to exceed [2][_____]
percent of the fundamental at the nominal voltage for linear loads
as specified in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
(4)
Maximum single harmonic distortion: Not to exceed [3][_____]
percent of the fundamental at the nominal voltage for non-linear
loads as specified in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
Unbalanced load: Output voltage THD not to exceed 4 percent,
line-to-neutral with 15 percent unbalanced linear load.
2.1.1.14
Output Voltage Amplitude Modulation
Output voltage amplitude modulation shall not exceed 1/2 percent of nominal
voltage at no load to full load.
2.1.1.15
Frequency Stability
Provide a high frequency crystal clock to control output frequency of the
400 Hz converter within plus or minus 0.5 percent for all operating
conditions, including maximum and minimum specified input voltages, ambient
temperature and relative humidity. The frequency regulation shall operate
independent of supply frequency and load changes.
2.1.1.16
Phase Angle Regulation
Displacement angle between adjacent voltage phases shall be 120 degrees
plus or minus 2 degrees with balanced load and plus or minus 4 degrees with
three phase 15 percent unbalanced load. A 15 percent unbalanced load is
defined as:
a.
Phase A at full rated single phase load.
b.
Phase B at 85 percent of Phase A.
c.
Phase C at 85 percent of Phase A.
2.1.1.17
Transient Output Voltage Recovery
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use MIL-STD-704, when 400 Hz power is
required to power aircraft avionic equipment.
Use MIL-STD-1399-300, when 400 Hz power is required
to power shipboard equipment.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 16
[In accordance with MIL-STD-704.][In accordance with MIL-STD-1399-300 for
Type [II][III] power.]
2.1.2
Environmental Rating
The converter shall operate satisfactorily from no load to rated full load
under the following conditions:
a.
Ambient temperatures ranging from 0 degrees C to 55 degrees C.
b.
Relative humidity from [0 to 95] [_____] percent noncondensing.
c.
Ambient pressures from sea level to [915] [_____] meters [3,000]
[_____] feet.
2.1.3
Monitoring and Control Panel
Provide converter with a control panel that is equipped with the following
controls, indicators, instrumentation, data logging, diagnostics, and alarm
functions.
2.1.3.1
Controls
a.
Start/stop pushbutton.
b.
Lamp/light emitting diode (LED) test - A push-to-test button or switch
to test indicator lamps/LEDs.
[c.
Alarm silence - A switch that shall disable the audible alarm.]
d.
Alarm reset - A pushbutton to silence audible alarms.
e.
Emergency power off - A separate pushbutton for emergency power off.
[f.
Circuit breaker.]
[g.
Output contractor ON/OFF]
[h.
Output voltage adjust.]
2.1.3.2
Indicators
a.
Input power available - Lamp/LED to indicate that the supply voltage is
available.
b.
Output power On/Off - Lamp/LED to indicate that the converter output
voltage is available.
c.
System alarm - Lamp/LED to indicate that a fault has been detected.
This indicator shall be latched in the "ON" position whenever an alarm
condition described in paragraph entitled, "Alarm Annunciator," is
detected and shall remain "ON" until the alarm reset pushbutton is
pressed.
d.
Indicating lamp/LED to indicate that the alarm silence switch is in the
disable position.
e.
Audible alarm.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 17
[f.
[g.
Output contactor "ON".]
Aircraft interlock bypass - Lamp/LED to indicate that the Aircraft
Interlock has been bypassed.]
2.1.3.3
[Digital Instrumentation
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select digital instrumentation unless
frequency converter is located outside where
sunlight glare will make digital LCD display
difficult to read. For delta output frequency
converters, delete phase-to-neutral voltage and
neutral current display requirements. Include
option for THD metering only if specifically
required by customer. It is expensive and not
normally needed.
**************************************************************************
Provide true rms, plus/minus one percent accuracy, microprocessor-based
meter with a simultaneous three-line LCD display. Meter shall display
elapsed time (in hours). Meter shall display a selected [output
phase-to-neutral voltage,] output phase-to-phase voltage, output phase
current, [output neutral current,] and output frequency. [Meter shall
display selected [output percent phase-to-neutral voltage THD, ]output
percent phase-to-phase voltage THD, output percent phase current THD[, and
output percent neutral current THD]. Meter shall provide THD measurement
to the thirty-first order.]
]2.1.3.4
[Instrumentation
a.
Elapsed time meters (in hours).
b.
Output voltmeter selector switch having three [phase-to-phase positions
for monitoring delta outputs in accordance with MIL-STD-1399-300][phase
to neutral positions for monitoring wye voltage outputs in accordance
with MIL-STD-704] and one "OFF" position.
c.
Output ammeter selector switch having three phase positions and one
"OFF" position.
d.
Output frequency meter, 395 to 405 HZ scale, having a 400 HZ center
with an ON-OFF switch.
]2.1.3.5
Alarm Annunciator
The unit shall be capable of detecting the following abnormal conditions,
sounding an audible alarm and illuminating individual indicator lamp/LEDs
that are clearly identified:
a.
Input overvoltage.
b.
Input undervoltage.
c.
Output undervoltage.
d.
Output overvoltage.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 18
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
No-load.
50 percent of rated capacity with a 0.8 lagging power factor
linear load.
50 percent of rated capacity with the specified non-linear load.
100 percent of rated capacity with a 0.8 lagging power factor
linear load.
100 percent of rated capacity with the specified non-linear load.
Loads shall be connected to the converter with the specified aircraft
power cable assembly. No adjustments to the frequency converter
shall be allowed between load tests. Monitor and record output
voltage at the load end of the cable. Verify specified
performance of the line drop compensation.
2.4.3
Special Factory Tests (Design Tests)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete acoustical noise test unless frequency
converter is installed in special locations such as
test laboratories or other confined spaces.
**************************************************************************
Submit special factory test (design test) reports (complete with test data,
explanations, formulas, and results), in the same submittal package as the
catalog data and drawings for [each of] the specified frequency
converter(s). Tests shall be certified and signed by a registered
professional engineer. Tests shall be on file based on a production model
of converters of the same design, construction and kVA rating provided.
As an option, the manufacturer shall test [one][_____] unit[s] at the same
time scheduled for routine tests, of each rating and size converter to
assure compliance with the specification. For all tests which require full
load, use 1.0 power factor unless otherwise noted. The tests shall include
the following:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select Location Category C for outdoor
locations only.
**************************************************************************
a.
Surge protection: Apply input surges in accordance with IEEE C62.41.1
and C62.41.2, Location Category [B][C] and monitor output. Conduct a
minimum of three consecutive successful tests on each unit listed.
Confirm there is no interruption to 400 Hz output power and voltage
stays within specified regulation tolerances. Surge protection tests
shall be applicable on all frequency converter units utilizing same
surge protection device by manufacturer and part number regardless of
frequency converter kVA size.
b.
Inrush current: After applying power to the converter, conduct a
minimum of three inrush current tests at full load. Provide copies of
waveform and THD analysis in test report.
c.
Input current distortion: Operate at nominal input voltage at full
load. Measure and record the input current THD for the current in each
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 26
phase.
d.
Overload/overcurrent:
listed below:
Operate at nominal input voltage with loads
Percent of Full Load
Minimum Operating Time
110 percent
60 min
125 percent
10 min
150 percent
2 min
200 percent
20 sec
Monitor output to confirm there is no 400 Hz power interruption. After
minimum operating time is achieved, unit shall interrupt output power.
e.
Short-circuit: Apply a [bolted line-to-ground,] bolted line-to-line,
and bolted three phase fault directly to the output terminals of the
unit. Conduct a minimum of three consecutive successful tests on each
unit. Provide unit capable of carrying the fault current until the
integral system protective devices interrupts the fault with no damage
to the unit. Provide waveforms of short circuit current during short
circuit tests.
f.
Output voltage THD: Operate at nominal input voltage at full load with
balanced and 15 percent unbalanced load. A 15 percent unbalanced load
is defined as follows:
(1)
Phase A at full rated single phase load.
(2)
Phase B at 85 percent of Phase A
(3)
Phase C at 85 percent of Phase A
Measure and record the output voltage THD for the line-to-neutral
voltage of each phase.
g.
h.
Phase angle regulation: Operate at full load with balanced and 15
percent unbalanced loads. Measure and record displacement angle
between adjacent output voltage phases. A 15 percent unbalanced load
is defined as follows:
(1)
Phase A at full rated single phase load.
(2)
Phase B at 85 percent of Phase A.
(3)
Phase C at 85 percent of Phase A.
Transient recovery: Operate at the following load steps: 0 to 100
percent, 0 to 50 percent, 100 to 0 percent and 50 to 0 percent.
Measure and record recovery time and output voltage deviation limits.
Provide recordings or display of output voltage during transient
recovery test.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 27
2.1.6
[Electromagnetic Interference Limits
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This is an additional cost item and reduces
converter efficiency. EMI filtering should not be
specified unless specifically requested by the user.
**************************************************************************
Comply with MIL-STD-461 for Class C2 equipment.
]2.1.7
Automatic Line Drop Compensation
Provide automatic line drop compensation - 0 to 7 percent adjustable
internally.
2.1.8
[Paralleling
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This is an additional cost item and should
not be specified unless specifically requested by
the user.
**************************************************************************
Provide frequency converter capable of being paralleled. Paralleled units
shall be same manufacturer and model number. Regulate and control units
operated in parallel by a master unit. Design controls associated with
paralleling of the units such that each frequency converter can operate as
a stand alone unit, or as either a slave or master unit in a parallel
system. Units shall parallel and synchronize within a 50 millisecond
recovery time. Share the total load equally within plus or minus
[_____][5] percent by each unit. [Provide manual paralleling which permits
a paralleled unit to be added or removed from the system without
interrupting the operation of other units.]
]2.1.9
[Auto Restart
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Auto restart should be considered when the
converter is installed in a remote location that is
not readily accessible to operating personnel and
maintaining 400 Hz power is critical to
operations.
Use of auto restart should be studied
carefully to ensure that it does not create a
potential personnel safety hazard. This is an
additional cost item and should not be specified
unless specifically requested by the user.
**************************************************************************
After a total input power outage the unit shall be capable of automatically
restarting and re-energizing loads upon restoration of normal power.
Provide units with a manual/auto restart switch. If this requirement
requires a backup battery power supply this shall be provided. When
interlock circuit has been interrupted or when interlock is in the
maintenance position manual restart, the system should not restart.
]2.1.10
[Built-In Test Equipment
Frequency converter shall include built-in test equipment which monitors
both primary circuits and protection circuits of the unit. Provide visual
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 21
indication to assist diagnosis of unit failures to a modular level.
Provide visual indication of converter status using cabinet mounted light
emitting diodes.
]2.1.11
[Magnetic Devices
Provide Class 180 power magnetic transformer and inductors in accordance
with NEMA ST 20 and UL 506. The limits of Class 180 shall not be exceeded
at the maximum specified ambient temperature and at 100 percent load.
]2.1.12
Acoustical Noise
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The following table serves as a guide for
establishing the maximum allowable sound pressure
level for each kVA rating. The designer should take
into consideration that converters are inherently
noisy when locating the unit. Do not modify these
values unless required by the location of the
frequency converter and new values have been
confirmed by manufacturer as attainable. If values
different than shown below are used, include
acoustical noise test in Special Factory Tests.
Maximum Allowable
Rating (kVA)
Acoustical Noise
(dBa)
5
-
14
65
15
-
39
65
40
-
99
68
100 - 249
72
250 -
72
up
**************************************************************************
Maximum continuous acoustical noise level shall be [_____] dBa (A weighted
scale).
2.1.13
Assembly Construction
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete "louvers" when specifying NEMA Type 4X
and 12K enclosures.
**************************************************************************
Provide enclosures suitable for [indoor][outdoor][corrosive][direct spray]
[_____] environments in accordance with NEMA 250, Type
[l][3][3R][4X][12K]. Arrange to provide required [louvers,] cooling air,
entry and exit provisions for equipment within enclosures. Construct
unit(s) so that components, with the exception of control and monitoring
components, are totally enclosed within the enclosure. Electronic circuits
including power circuits shall be modular construction readily accessible
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 22
for maintenance, repair and module replacement from the exterior of the
enclosure. [For units installed outdoors or in corrosive environments,
electronic circuits shall be enclosed in a sealed electronics compartment
that is not provided with direct cooling ventilation or forced air
cooling. ]Provide permanent identification tags for wiring. Uniquely
identify each wire. Use the same identification system in the wiring
diagrams in the Operation and Maintenance Manual. Provide each enclosure
with a finish coat over a substrate which has been provided with a rust
inhibiting treatment. [Provide two finish coats for outdoor enclosures.]
Color shall be the manufacturer's standard color.
2.1.14
Nameplates
As specified in Section 26 00 00.00 20 BASIC ELECTRICAL MATERIALS AND
METHODS.
2.2
[AIRCRAFT POWER CABLE ASSEMBLY
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Coordinate cable assembly requirements with
unit voltage requirements and aircraft
requirements. Provide 300 ampere cable for
converters 90 kVA and above. Provide 260 amperes
cable for converters smaller than 90 kVA.
**************************************************************************
[For 400 Hz wiring at 200Y/115 volts, provide 7-conductor type cable
configured as 6 phase conductors (2xA, 2xB, 2xC) tightly wound around the
center located neutral, twisted and jacketed in accordance with SAE AS5756/6
rated for [300] [260] amperes.][For 400 Hz wiring at 575 volts, 3-phase
delta, provide 7-conductor type cable configured as 6 phase conductors
(2xA, 2xB, 2xC) tightly wound around the center located ground, twisted and
jacketed in accordance with SAE AS5756/6.] Provide control cabling
included within the jacket for interlock circuit and automatic line drop
compensation. Terminate control wiring on accessible terminal blocks in
unit. Provide cable assembly with integrally molded 400 Hertz male
connector aircraft plug in accordance with MS 25486-17. Cable/connector
assembly shall be suitable for severe duty. Contact terminations shall be
crimped.
]2.3
[REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL PANEL
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete this paragraph unless plans clearly
indicate requirement for remote monitoring and
control panel.
**************************************************************************
Provide remote monitoring and control panel and circuitry. Connect to
clearly and permanently labeled terminal blocks located inside the
converter's enclosure. Provide the circuitry such that indicator lamp/LED
information and control function(s) can be extended from the terminals to a
remote location in the future.
a.
Pushbutton or switch for de-energizing the output terminals.
b.
Indicator lamp/LED showing the unit status (energized or not energized).
c.
Indicator lamp/LED showing the output circuit breaker position (open or
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 23
closed).
d.
]2.4
2.4.1
System alarm.
SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
Converter Test Schedule
The Government reserves the right to
converter test schedule for tests to
test facility. Submit required test
Contracting Officer 30 calendar days
Contracting Officer 15 calendar days
date.
witness tests. Provide frequency
be performed at the manufacturer's
schedule and location, and notify the
before scheduled test date. Notify
in advance of changes to scheduled
Test Instrument Calibration.
a.
The manufacturer shall have a calibration program which assures that
all applicable test instruments are maintained within rated accuracy.
b.
The accuracy shall be directly traceable to the National Institute of
Standards and Technology.
c.
Instrument calibration frequency schedule shall not exceed 12 months
for both test floor instruments and leased specialty equipment.
d.
Dated calibration labels shall be visible on all test equipment.
e.
Calibrating standard shall be of higher accuracy than that of the
instrument tested.
f.
Keep up-to-date records that indicate dates and test results of
instruments calibrated or tested. For instruments calibrated by the
manufacturer on a routine basis, in lieu of third party calibration,
include the following:
(1) Maintain up-to-date instrument calibration instructions and
procedures for each test instrument.
(2) Identify the third party/laboratory calibrated instrument to
verify that calibrating standard is met.
2.4.2
Routine Factory Tests
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Coordinate line drop compensation option with
power cable assembly requirements.
**************************************************************************
Routine tests shall be performed by the manufacturer on each of the actual
frequency converter(s) prepared for this project to ensure that the design
performance is maintained in production. [As an exception, automatic line
drop compensation shall be tested on only one unit on multiple unit
orders.] Submit test reports, by serial number and receive approval before
delivery of equipment to the project site.
For tests which require full load, use 1.0 power factor unless otherwise
noted. All measurements shall be true RMS measurements. Measurements
shall be obtained in accordance with IEEE 1159. Tests shall include the
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 24
following:
a.
Input current and power factor: Operate converter at low, nominal and
high input voltage at full load. Measure and record input voltage,
input power factor and input current in each phase [and neutral if the
neutral conductor is connected to the converter input.]
b.
Output voltage, output voltage THD, output current, output power
factor, and voltage regulation: Operate converter at nominal input
voltage for:
(1)
(2)
50 percent of rated capacity with 0.8 lagging power factor
linear load.
100 percent of rated capacity with 0.5 lagging power factor,
0.8 lagging power factor, 1.0 power factor, and 0.8 leading
power factor linear loads.
(3)
50 percent of rated capacity with the non-linear load as
specified in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
(4)
100 percent of rated capacity at low and high input voltage.
(5)
100 percent of rated capacity with the non-linear load as
specified in the paragraph entitled "Load Range".
Operate for not less than 10 minutes at each test condition in (1),
(2), (3) and (4) above and not less than 30 minutes at test
condition in (5) above. Monitor and record output voltage, output
voltage THD, output current, output current waveform, output power
factor and frequency at the beginning and end of each test
condition. Monitor and record output voltage single harmonic
distortion for each test condition in (2) and (5) above at the
beginning and end of each test condition. Verify output remains
within specified regulation limits.
c.
Efficiency: Operate at nominal input voltage at half load and full
load at 1.0 power factor. Measure and record input voltage, input
current, input power factor, output voltage, output current, and output
power factor. Calculate the unit efficiency.
d.
No load losses: Operate at no load and nominal input voltage. Measure
and record input voltage, input current, input power, input power
factor, and output voltage.
e.
Burn-in Test: Before delivery, burn-in all units [under full load
conditions for at least [24][_____] hours] [by cycling units [6][_____]
hours "ON" under full load conditions and [3][_____] hours "OFF" at no
load conditions for at least [4][_____] complete "ON" cycles.] Burn-in
test shall be performed with the converter enclosure doors closed and
all ventilation in the final operating condition.
f.
Include harmonic frequency spectrum analysis depicting Harmonic Order
and Harmonic Magnitude at the unit's input and output terminals during
full load THD test in test reports.
g. Automatic line drop compensation:
at:
Operate converter at nominal voltage
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 25
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-26 35 43 (May 2011)
Change 1 - 05/13
--------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-26 35 43 (April 2006)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated April 2017
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 26 - ELECTRICAL
SECTION 26 35 43
400-HERTZ (HZ) SOLID STATE FREQUENCY CONVERTER
05/11
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.3
SUBMITTALS
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Frequency Converter Drawings
1.4.2
Qualifications of Manufacturer
1.4.3
Work Plan
1.4.4
Routine Factory Test Plan
1.4.5
Special Factory Test Plan
1.4.6
Performance Test Plan
1.4.7
UL Listing
1.4.7.1
Currently Listed Products
1.4.7.2
Proposed Listed Products
1.4.8
Routine Factory Tests Report
1.4.9
Special Factory Tests Report
1.4.10
Performance Tests Report
1.5
MAINTENANCE
1.5.1
Operation and Maintenance Manuals
1.5.1.1
Additions to Operation and Maintenance Manuals
1.5.1.2
Preliminary Operation and Maintenance Manuals
1.5.1.3
Extra Material
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
FREQUENCY CONVERTER
2.1.1
Electrical Characteristics
2.1.1.1
Input Voltage
2.1.1.2
Input Power Factor
2.1.1.3
Surge Protection
2.1.1.4
Inrush Current
2.1.1.5
Input Current Distortion
2.1.1.6
Output Voltage
2.1.1.7
Power Output
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 1
phase.
d.
Overload/overcurrent:
listed below:
Operate at nominal input voltage with loads
Percent of Full Load
Minimum Operating Time
110 percent
60 min
125 percent
10 min
150 percent
2 min
200 percent
20 sec
Monitor output to confirm there is no 400 Hz power interruption. After
minimum operating time is achieved, unit shall interrupt output power.
e.
Short-circuit: Apply a [bolted line-to-ground,] bolted line-to-line,
and bolted three phase fault directly to the output terminals of the
unit. Conduct a minimum of three consecutive successful tests on each
unit. Provide unit capable of carrying the fault current until the
integral system protective devices interrupts the fault with no damage
to the unit. Provide waveforms of short circuit current during short
circuit tests.
f.
Output voltage THD: Operate at nominal input voltage at full load with
balanced and 15 percent unbalanced load. A 15 percent unbalanced load
is defined as follows:
(1)
Phase A at full rated single phase load.
(2)
Phase B at 85 percent of Phase A
(3)
Phase C at 85 percent of Phase A
Measure and record the output voltage THD for the line-to-neutral
voltage of each phase.
g.
h.
Phase angle regulation: Operate at full load with balanced and 15
percent unbalanced loads. Measure and record displacement angle
between adjacent output voltage phases. A 15 percent unbalanced load
is defined as follows:
(1)
Phase A at full rated single phase load.
(2)
Phase B at 85 percent of Phase A.
(3)
Phase C at 85 percent of Phase A.
Transient recovery: Operate at the following load steps: 0 to 100
percent, 0 to 50 percent, 100 to 0 percent and 50 to 0 percent.
Measure and record recovery time and output voltage deviation limits.
Provide recordings or display of output voltage during transient
recovery test.
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 27
[i.
Acoustical noise: Operate at no load, 50 percent and 100 percent
full load. Measure continuous steady sound pressure level 1525 mm
feet horizontally from the center of each side of the converter at
point 1525 mm 5 feet above the floor. Decibels (dB) are referenced
20 micropascal.]
[j.
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) test: [EMI test shall meet the
requirements of MIL-STD-461, Part 9, for Class C2 equipment.]
[Certified test results on units of the same design shall be
acceptable.]]
[k.
Paralleling: Operate at nominal input voltage at 50 percent and 100
percent of full load at 0.8 lagging power factor. Measure and record
the output voltage, output current and power factor provided by each
individual unit.]
PART 3
3.1
of
5
a
to
EXECUTION
INSTALLATION
Install products to operate at 400 Hz in the same manner as specified in
other sections of this specification for products operating at [50] [60]
Hz, unless indicated or specified otherwise. Conform to the requirements
of NFPA 70 and IEEE C2 and to manufacturer's instructions and
recommendations.
3.1.1
3.1.1.1
Equipment
Floor Mounted
Provide proper floor mounting channels and install in accordance with the
manufacturer's drawings and instructions and as indicated. Align, level,
and bolt or weld units to channels to allow easy withdrawal or insertion of
removable components and to permit proper operation and maintenance of
equipment.
3.1.1.2
[Wall Mounted
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Wall mount units 5 kVA or less. All other
units shall be floor mounted.
**************************************************************************
Bracket mount, but otherwise install as required for floor-mounted units.
]3.1.2
Grounding
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
in the blanks below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
In accordance with NFPA 70 and as specified in [Section 26 20 00 INTERIOR
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM] [_____].
3.1.3
[Wiring and Conduit
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Conductors, circuit breakers, and devices
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 28
operating at 400 Hz shall be derated as follows:
Circuit Breakers
Derating Factor
E Frame (100 A)
0.87
F Frame (225 A)
0.85
J Frame (600 A)
0.82
K Frame (1200 A)
0.74
Cable
AWG
Derating Factor
#2
0.9877
#1
0.9675
#1/0
0.9481
#2/1
0.9167
#3/0
0.8831
#4/0
0.8483
**************************************************************************
3.1.3.1
Building Wiring
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
in the blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
Provide Type XHHW or THHN with stranded copper conductors wiring for 400 Hz
circuits. Provide wiring for 400 Hz circuits in non-magnetic conduit,
aluminum or PVC. Provide wiring and conduit for 60 Hz circuits as specified
in Section 26 20 00, INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM [_____].
3.1.3.2
Conduit
Use aluminum conduit for exposed feeders. Do not install aluminum conduit
underground or encased in concrete. Use aluminum fittings and boxes with
aluminum conduit. For underground or concrete encasement use PVC.
]3.1.4
Manufacturer's Representative
The manufacturer's representative shall place the system in operation and
make necessary adjustments to ensure optimum operation of the equipment.
The manufacturer's representative shall have at least 2 years of practical
experience in the installation and testing of 400 Hz solid state frequency
SECTION 26 35 43
Page 29
converters.
3.2
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
3.2.1
Instruments
Provide test instruments capable of measuring and recording or displaying
test data at a higher resolution and greater accuracy than specified for
the converter's performance. The test instruments used in the field tests
shall have current valid calibration stickers issued by an approved
calibration laboratory. Verify calibration and adjustments of converter
instruments provided prior to field tests. Instruments shall be calibrated
for 400 Hz operation when measuring 400 Hz signals.
3.2.2
Performance of Acceptance Checks and Tests
Perform field tests and conduct inspections. Provide labor, equipment
tests instruments, and incidentals required for the tests including load
banks, except the Government will furnish electricity. For all electrical
load tests, use 1.0 power factor.
Perform in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations and include
the following visual and mechanical inspections and electrical tests.
3.2.3
Initial Inspection and Tests
a.
Compare equipment nameplate information with specifications and
approved shop drawings.
b.
Inspect physical and mechanical condition.
c.
Inspect all bolted electrical connections for high resistance using
low-resistance ohmmeter, verifying tightness of accessible bolted
electrical connections by calibrated torque-wrench method, or
performing thermographic survey.
d.
Perform specific inspections and mechanical tests as recommended by
manufacturer.
e.
Verify correct equipment grounding.
f.
Perform resistance measurements through all bolted connections with
low-resistance ohmmeter, if applicable.
3.2.4
Performance Tests
Conduct converter performance tests under the supervision of the
manufacturer's representative. Successfully complete the preliminary
operation, control and protective devices check prior to performing load
and transient tests. If the converter fails to operate within the
specified limits during any of the performance tests the Contractor shall
discontinue the test and shall make necessary repairs to correct the
failure and restart testing of the converter.
3.2.4.1
Preliminary Operation
Inspect the converter and make adjustments necessary to assure proper
operation in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Operate
frequency converter at 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 percent of rated full load.
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Measure and record the output voltage, current, frequency, and THD at each
load. Calculate output voltage regulation. Verify converter is operating
within specified limits at each load level.
3.2.4.2
Control and Protective Device Checks
Operate each control, switch, input/output device that is capable of being
operated manually a minimum of three times, demonstrating satisfactory
operation each time. Perform operation test on each protective device to
ensure that devices functions properly. After each operation measure and
record the converter output frequency, voltage and current. Verify
converter is operating within specified limits.
3.2.4.3
Load Test
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete bracketed option only when the
frequency converter will not be connected to
aircraft cable assembly when in service.
**************************************************************************
Operate each unit continuously a minimum of 2 hours at 100 percent rated
load. Measure and record the converter output frequency, voltage and
current. Verify converter is operating within specified limits. Load test
shall be performed with the converter doors closed[ and the load connected
to the converter with specified aircraft cable assembly].
3.2.4.4
Transient Tests
Transient recovery: Operate at the following load steps: 0 to 100
percent, 0 to 50 percent, 100 to 0 percent, and 50 to 0 percent. Provide
recordings or displays of voltage and frequency during each transient test,
and indicate on the recordings and displays the time intervals and
acceptable limits for voltage and frequency. Repeat each transient test
three times, record the results of each test. Verify converter is
operating within specified limits.
3.2.4.5
Harmonic Distortion Tests
Perform output voltage harmonic distortion tests at the output of the
converter terminals at 0 percent load and 100 percent load at unity power
factor. The Contractor shall provide test equipment and instrumentation
required for the tests. Tests shall be conducted with a distortion
analyzer with test leads within 3 feet of the frequency converter's output
terminals. Test data shall include total harmonic distortion amplitudes of
all individual harmonics presented in a spectrum analysis format up to the
37th order.
3.2.4.6
Automatic Line Drop Compensation
Conduct automatic line drop compensation tests on each converter with the
load connected to the converter with the specified aircraft power cable
assembly. Operate each converter at no load, 50 percent and 100 percent of
the rated capacity. No adjustments to the frequency converter shall be
allowed between load tests. Monitor and record output voltage at the load
end of the cable. Verify specified performance of the line drop
compensation.
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3.2.5
Grounding System
Inspect ground system for compliance with contract plans and specifications.
3.2.6
Follow-up Verification
Upon completion of acceptance checks and tests, the Contractor shall show
by demonstration in service that circuits and devices are in good operating
condition and properly performing the intended function. As an exception
to requirements stated elsewhere in the contract, the Contracting Officer
shall be given 5 working days advance notice of the dates and times of
checking and testing.
3.3
3.3.1
DEMONSTRATION
Instructing Government Personnel
Provide field training to Government personnel on the operation and
maintenance of the converter provided. Provide field training 2 weeks
prior to the scheduled date for field acceptance tests. As a minimum the
training shall include [2][_____] hours of instruction on the theory of
operation and [4][_____] hours on the repair and maintenance of the
converters. The instructor shall be approved by the manufacturer of the
unit provided. Submit training syllabus including each topic of training
and a brief outline of each topic to the Contracting Officer at least 4
weeks prior to training for approval. Training shall be approved by the
Contracting Officer at least 2 weeks in advance. The Government may
record, video and audio, the training sessions and use these recordings to
train personnel on the operation and maintenance of the converter system.
Provide two copies of video or audio tapes, if used in the training
sessions, to the Contracting Officer.
-- End of Section --
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