IDE User`s Guide

IDE User’s Guide
TRACE32 Online Help
TRACE32 Directory
TRACE32 Index
TRACE32 Documents ......................................................................................................................

IDE User Interface .........................................................................................................................

IDE User's Guide ........................................................................................................................
1
Structure and Contents of the Documentation ....................................................................
5
Online Documentation
5
In-Circuit Debugger TRACE32-ICD
7
In-Circuit Emulator TRACE32-ICE
8
Fully Integrated RISC Emulator TRACE32-FIRE
Program Start ..........................................................................................................................
10
12
In-Circuit Debugger TRACE32-ICD
12
In-Circuit Emulator TRACE32-ICE
12
Fully Integrated RISC Emulator TRACE32-FIRE
13
Program End ............................................................................................................................
14
Screen Display .........................................................................................................................
15
Concept
15
Graphical User Interface
15
MDI User Interface
16
MWI User Interface
17
Main Menu Bar
18
Accelerators
18
Main Toolbar
19
Work Area
19
Message Line
20
Error Messages
20
General Messages
20
Additional Information on Cursor Position
20
Softkeys
21
State Line
22
Basic
22
Task
24
SMP Systems
24
Advanced
25
Show/Hide State Line
25
Pages
26
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
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Colors
27
How the TRACE32 PowerView GUI Assists You in Scripting
28
Commands ...............................................................................................................................
30
Command Structure
30
Long Form and Short Form of Commands and Functions
31
Entering Commands
32
Command Line
32
Device Selection
33
Command History
34
Command and Function Parameters
35
Parameter Types
36
Operators
39
Arithmetic Rules and Operator Precedence
41
Parentheses
42
Parameter History
42
File Names
43
Path Prefixes
44
General Command Parameter Parser - Behavior in the Different Radix Modes ...............
Parser Changes in Version V2.00 and Higher
45
45
A. Object of Description
45
B. Support of C Language Expressions
47
C. Radix Mode Support
48
D. Incompatibilities in RADIX.Classic Mode
49
Operands
50
Operand Format Examples (Literals)
51
Operand Transition Table
52
Operators
53
Operator Formats
54
Operator Transition Table
56
Window System .......................................................................................................................
Windows
57
57
Window Captions - What Makes Them Special in TRACE32
58
Local Buttons
58
Local Popup Menus
59
Slider Controls
60
Window Operations
61
Basic Operations
61
Old Position, Bookmarks, and Current Selection
61
Getting Information
62
Changing Data or Setups
62
Window Manager Menu
63
Window Position and Name
66
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Freezing a Window
66
Erasing a Window
66
Window Scroll Bars
66
Printing Window Contents
67
Saving Window Contents
67
Special Window Options
68
Text-based Functions
69
Selection Service
69
Message Windows ..................................................................................................................
70
Window Tracking .....................................................................................................................
71
File and Folder Operations .....................................................................................................
72
File Contents ............................................................................................................................
73
Encrypt/Execute Encrypted Files ..........................................................................................
74
Host Commands ......................................................................................................................
75
Printer Operations ...................................................................................................................
76
System Setup and Configuration ...........................................................................................
78
Command Logging ..................................................................................................................
79
Dialog Programming ...............................................................................................................
80
Dialog Syntax and File Types
80
Comments in Dialogs
82
Dialog Commands
83
Control Your Custom Dialogs
83
Control Behavior of Individual Dialog Elements on Custom Dialogs
83
Interact with the File System
83
Display Message Boxes of the Operating System
83
Dialog Elements
84
Return Values and Labels
86
PRACTICE Macros inside Dialog Definitions
87
HELP System ...........................................................................................................................
88
Ways to Get Help
88
Context-Sensitive Help
89
Structure of the Help System
90
Configure the Help System
91
Recommendations for Choosing a PDF Viewer
92
Bookmarks for Help Topics
93
Create Help Bookmarks
93
Store and Load Help Bookmarks Manually
94
Store and Load Help Bookmarks Automatically
94
Troubleshooting the Help System
95
Change the Installation Path of the PDF Files
96
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
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Winhelp Compatibility
96
Previous Releases - HELP System ........................................................................................
97
Previous Releases - HELP Installation and Setup
97
Previous Releases - Configuring an Alternate PDF Viewer
97
Previous Releases - HELP Installation Problems
101
INTERCOM ...............................................................................................................................
103
Version Management and Licensing .....................................................................................
104
Editing ......................................................................................................................................
105
Icons .........................................................................................................................................
106
Built-in Icons and Icon Library
107
Inserting a Placeholder for User-Defined Icons
108
Drawing Icons
109
Interface ...................................................................................................................................
111
Shortcuts ..................................................................................................................................
112
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
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IDE User’s Guide
Version 29-Mar-2017
01-Jun-16
New section “Bookmarks for Help Topics”. Revised section “Dialog Commands”.
12-Feb-16
Updated section “Parameter Types”.
11-Dec-15
Integrate any PDF viewer into the TRACE32 help system with just a few mouse-clicks. For a
step-by-step procedure, see “Configure the Help System”.
11-Dec-15
Added or revised sections “Configure the Help System” and “Recommendations for
Choosing a PDF Viewer”. Updated section “Structure of the Help System”.
11-Dec-15
The headings of the previous chapter and the previous sections describing the TRACE32
help system were renamed to “Previous Releases - xxx”.
Structure and Contents of the Documentation
This chapter describes the structure of the TRACE32 documentation - printed as well as online.
Since the development of the TRACE32 software is always in progress, the online version of the manuals
will always be more up to date than the printed version. The first pages of the printed documentation contain
the issue date.
The release history in the online documentation always lists the latest changes in the TRACE32 software.
When you get a new version of the TRACE32 software, please always check the Release history first.
Online Documentation
The most recent version of the TRACE32 documentation is available online.
There are several ways to get access to the documentation:
1.
If the TRACE32 software is already running, you can use the Help command in the main menu
bar.
2.
On the TRACE32 software DVD and in your TRACE32 system path, you can find a directory
\PDF. This directory contains the complete TRACE32 documentation in PDF format.
Open directory.pdf to get the table of contents for the complete TRACE32 documentation.
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
Documentation on how to use the online help can be found in chapter Help System.
The documentation is automatically filtered by your currently used hardware configuration. The filter
automatically reduces the whole documentation to the part that is relevant for you. If you want to change the
filter, take a look at the command HELP.FILTER.
When using the RTOS/multi task functionality, you have to enable the RTOS documentation:
HELP.FILTER.ADD rtos*
Enable all available RTOS documentation
HELP.FILTER.ADD rtoslinux
Enable only the documentation for Linux
RTOS Debugger
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
In-Circuit Debugger TRACE32-ICD
TRACE32-ICD includes all debuggers based on an on-chip debug interface (e.g. JTAG, BMD, OCDS …) as
well as ROM monitor solutions. Lauterbach also provides a trace extension for most debuggers
(TRACE32-ICT).
TRACE32-ICD comes with a tutorial that should make you familiar with important features of TRACE32-ICD.
See “Training Simulator and Demo Software” (demo.pdf).
For more information on the features of TRACE32-ICD, refer to the following parts of the online help:
•
“TRACE32 Installation Guide” (installation.pdf)
This part is the general installation guide for all TRACE32 development tools.
•
“ICD In-Circuit Debugger”
This part provides all CPU specific information for your TRACE32-ICD, chiefly how to set up the
debugger for your target. Here you will also find all extra features that are supported for your
CPU.
•
“General Reference Guide” (general_ref_<x>.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all debugger commands. All commands that are not
available for TRACE32-ICD are marked with:
•
-
(E) - TRACE32-ICE only
-
(F) - TRACE32-FIRE only
“IDE User’s Guide” (ide_user.pdf)
All TRACE32 development tools share the common user interface TRACE32 PowerView. This
part describes the basic functions of the user interface (command structure, online help, editing
and managing files, printer operations, etc.)
•
“IDE Reference Guide” (ide_ref.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all TRACE32 PowerView commands.
•
“PRACTICE Script Language User’s Guide” (practice_user.pdf)
The TRACE32 script language PRACTICE is mainly used to perform automatic setups, to
automate test sequences or to store the system settings for later recall. This part describes the
basic structure and features of PRACTICE.
•
“PRACTICE Script Language Reference Guide” (practice_ref.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all PRACTICE commands.
•
“ICD Extensions”
Refer to this part if you want to use the TPU debugger or the PCP debugger.
•
“RTOS Debuggers” (rtos_<x>.pdf)
Refer to this part if you want to use the TRACE32 RTOS Debugger.
•
“3rd Party Tool Integrations” (int_<x>.pdf)
Refer to this part, if you want to run TRACE32-ICD from a 3rd-party user interface.
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
In-Circuit Emulator TRACE32-ICE
TRACE32-ICE comes with 4 binders which provide documentation support for all its capabilities.
TRACE32-ICE is divided into two major functional units: the Emulator and the Analyzer.
•
The emulator-part of TRACE32-ICE is responsible for carrying out debugging functions, for
managing breakpoints, for displaying memory and high-level-language structures and for code
coverage …
•
The analyzer-part of TRACE32-ICE is responsible for displaying and managing the trace buffer,
for programming the analyzer trigger unit to perform selective tracing and to carry out complex
trigger sequences, for statistic functions and performance analyses …
The following list will give you an idea of the contents of each manual.
“ICE User’s Guide”
(ice_user.pdf)
This parts makes you familiar with the concept and the main
features of the emulator-part of TRACE32-ICE.
“ICE Targets”
This part provides all CPU specific information for your TRACE32ICE, chiefly how to set up TRACE32-ICE for your target. Here you
will also find all extra features that are supported for your CPU.
“General Reference
Guide”
This part provides an alphabetical list of all commands for the
emulator-part of TRACE32-ICE. All commands that are not available
for TRACE32-ICE are marked with (B) - TRACE32-ICD only or (F) TRACE32-FIRE only.
“ICE/FIRE Analyzer
User’s Guide”
(analyzer_user.pdf)
This part makes you familiar with the concept and the main features
of the analyzer-part of TRACE32-ICE.
“ICE/FIRE Analyzer Trigger Unit Programming
Guide”
(analyzer_prog.pdf)
This part makes you familiar with the concept of the trigger
programming language. It contains examples for trigger programs
and alphabetical lists of all actions and input events.
“IDE User’s Guide”
(ide_user.pdf)
All TRACE32 development tools share the common user interface
TRACE32-PowerView. This part describes the basic functions of the
user interface (command structure, online help, editing and
managing files, printer operations etc.).
“IDE Reference Guide”
(ide_ref.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all operating system
commands.
“PRACTICE Script Language User’s Guide”
(practice_user.pdf)
The TRACE32 script language PRACTICE is mainly used to
perform automatic setups, to automate test sequences or to store
the system settings for later recall. This part describes the basic
structure and features of PRACTICE.
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
“PRACTICE Script Language Reference Guide”
(practice_ref.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all PRACTICE commands.
“ICD Extensions”
Refer to this part, if you want to use the TPU debugger.
“RTOS Debuggers”
Refer to this part if you want to use the TRACE32 RTOS Debugger.
“Tools Integration”
Refer to this part, if you want to run TRACE32-ICE from a 3rd party
user interface.
“TRACE32 Installation
Guide” (installation.pdf)
This part is the general Installation Guide for all TRACE32
development tools.
“ICE Port Analyzer User’s
Guide” (port_user.pdf)
Your TRACE32-ICE can be enhanced by a port analyzer to trace
additional CPU lines. A description of the Port Analyzer and its
features is provided in the “ICE Port Analyzer User’s Guide”
(port_user.pdf)
“Timing Analyzer”
The Timing Analyzer provides timing and state analysis, a pattern
generator and a serial line tester. A description of the Timing
Analyzer and its features is provided in the “Timing Analyzer User’s
Guide” (time_user.pdf), the “Timing Analyzer Reference Guide”
(time_ref.pdf) and the “Timing Analyzer Trigger Unit Programming
Guide” (time_prog.pdf)
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
Fully Integrated RISC Emulator TRACE32-FIRE
TRACE32-FIRE comes with 4 binders which provide documentation support for all its capabilities.
The following list will give you an idea of the contents of each manual.
“FIRE User’s Guide”
(fire_user.pdf)
This parts makes you familiar with the concept and the main
features of TRACE32-FIRE.
“FIRE Targets”
This part provides all CPU specific information for your TRACE32FIRE, chiefly how to set up TRACE32-FIRE for your target. Here you
will also find all extra features that are supported for your CPU.
“General Reference
Guide”
This part provides an alphabetical list of all commands for
debugging and trace with TRACE32-FIRE. All commands that are
not available for TRACE32-FIRE are marked with
(B) - TRACE32-ICD only or (E) -TRACE32-ICE only.
“ICE/FIRE Analyzer Trigger Unit Programming
Guide”
(analyzer_prog.pdf)
This part makes you familiar with the concept of the trigger
programming language. It contains examples for trigger programs
and alphabetical lists of all actions and input events.
“IDE User’s Guide”
(ide_user.pdf)
All TRACE32 development tools share the common user interface
TRACE32-PowerView. This part describes the basic functions of the
user interface (command structure, online help, editing and
managing files, printer operations etc.)
“IDE Reference Guide”
(ide_ref.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all operating system
commands.
“PRACTICE Script Language User’s Guide”
(practice_user.pdf)
The TRACE32 script language PRACTICE is mainly used to
perform automatic setups, to automate test sequences or to store
the system settings for later recall. This part describes the basic
structure and features of PRACTICE.
“PRACTICE Script Language Reference Guide”
(practice_ref.pdf)
This part provides an alphabetical list of all PRACTICE commands.
“ICD Externsions”
Refer to this part, if you want to use the TPU debugger and PCP
debugger.
“RTOS Debuggers”
Refer to this part if you want to use the TRACE32 RTOS Debugger.
’Tools Integration’
Refer to this part, if you want to run TRACE32-FIRE from a 3rd party
user interface.
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
“TRACE32 Installation
Guide” (installation.pdf)
This part is the general Installation Guide for all TRACE32
development tools.
“FIRE Port Analyzer
User´s Guide”
(fireport_user.pdf)
Your TRACE32-FIRE can be enhanced by a port analyzer to trace
additional CPU lines. A description of the Port Analyzer and its
features is provided in the “FIRE Port Analyzer User´s Guide”
(fireport_user.pdf).
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Structure and Contents of the Documentation
Program Start
After installing the driver program to the appropriate host system, the executable can be started.
The TRACE32 system has to be powered up. If this is not the case, the error message "NO CARRIER …",
"LINK ERROR …" or "TRACE32 not responding" will appear.
If all environment variables are installed correctly, the driver program can be invoked from any sub-directory
or drive.
In-Circuit Debugger TRACE32-ICD
t32m<cpu>.exe
Windows version for TRACE32-ICD.
TRACE32-ICD system software is running on PC.
t32win.exe
(former t32w95.exe)
Windows version for TRACE32-ICD with PODBUS Ethernet Controller
(not for PowerTrace/PowerDebugEthernet/PowerDebugUsb/PowerNexus).
TRACE32-ICD system software is downloaded to the PODBUS Ethernet
Controller and runs there.
t32m<cpu>
Workstation version for TRACE32-ICD.
TRACE32-ICD system software is running on workstation.
t32cde
Workstation version for TRACE32-ICD with PODBUS Ethernet Controller
(not for PowerTrace/PowerDebugEthernet/PowerDebugUsb/PowerNexus).
TRACE32-ICD system software is downloaded to the PODBUS Ethernet
Controller and runs there.
In-Circuit Emulator TRACE32-ICE
t32win.exe
(former t32w95.exe)
Windows version for TRACE32-ICE.
TRACE32-ICE system software is downloaded to the System Controller
Unit and runs there.
t32cde
Workstation version of TRACE32-ICE.
TRACE32-ICE system software is downloaded to the System Controller
Unit runs and there.
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Program Start
Fully Integrated RISC Emulator TRACE32-FIRE
t32m<cpu>.exe
Windows version for TRACE32-FIRE.
TRACE32-FIRE system software is running on PC.
t32win.exe
(former t32w95.exe)
Windows version for TRACE32-FIRE with PODBUS Ethernet Controller.
TRACE32-FIRE system software is downloaded to the PODBUS Ethernet
Controller and runs there.
t32m<cpu>
Workstation version for TRACE32-ICD.
TRACE32-ICD system software is running on workstation.
t32cde
Workstation version of TRACE32-FIRE with PODBUS Ethernet Controller.
TRACE32-FIRE system software is downloaded to the PODBUS Ethernet
Controller and runs there.
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Program Start
Program End
Getting back to the operating system command level is possible by using the command QUIT or by choosing
File menu > Exit.
ABORT
Abort driver program
QUIT
Return to operating system
::QUIT
The QUIT command quits the driver program and resets the TRACE32 system. When the driver program is
restarted, a complete boot sequence will be executed.
If for any reason the host crashes, the TRACE32 system should be switched off for a few seconds.
NOTE:
If your TRACE32 development tool is connected to the target, it is important to use
the proper power on/power off sequence. For detailed information refer to the
Targets Guides for your CPU.
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Program End
Screen Display
Concept
The TRACE32 user interface is based on an extremely fast, character oriented window system. Up to 128
different windows can be composed for display, each can contain up to 250 * 250 characters. Window type,
size and status can be defined very flexibly by the user. Each window is assigned to one task, which is
sequentially executed to update the window information.
Windows may be frozen to prevent them from being updated.
An array of windows is called a “PAGE”. Several pages can be defined in this manner, with each page
representing a part of the user’s work area. Multiple pages cause no performance degradation, as only the
visible windows are updated.
Graphical User Interface
The graphical user interface of TRACE32, called TRACE32 PowerViews, supports 2 different window
modes:
•
MDI (multiple document interface): All sub-windows are placed inside the TRACE32 main
window.
•
MWI (multiple window interface): The TRACE32 main window and the sub-windows are placed
freely on the desktop.
On MS Windows systems, the MWI window mode is split into 2 sub-modes:
•
FDI (floating document interface): same as MWI, taskbar shows only one icon for all windows,
minimizing the main window will also minimize the sub-windows.
•
MTI (multiple top-level window interface): taskbar shows an icon for the main window and each
sub-window, minimizing the main window does not minimize the sub-windows.
These modes can be set in the SCREEN section of the configuration file (config.t32). Depending on the
version of TRACE32, not all window modes are supported:
Windows
Linux/
Motif
Linux/
Qt
SunOS/
Solaris
HP-UX
OS X/
Motif
OS X/
Qt
MDI
+
-
+
-
-
-
+
MWI
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
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Screen Display
MDI User Interface
After starting TRACE32, the main window of the debugger is displayed.
For more information, click the blue GUI terms.
Main menu bar
Main toolbar
Local buttons
A
Command line
State line
Softkeys
Message line
Work area
with
windows
A Local popup menu
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Screen Display
MWI User Interface
After starting TRACE32, the main window of the debugger is displayed.
For more information, click the blue GUI terms.
Main menu bar
Main toolbar
Command line
Softkeys
Message line
State line
Local buttons
A
A Local popup menu
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Screen Display
Main Menu Bar
[Back to Top]
The main menu bar provides all important commands for each functional unit of the TRACE32 development
tool. You can add user-defined menus to the main menu bar by using the MENU commands.
MENU.AddMenu
Allows you to quickly add one menu for temporary usage.
Default name of the temporary menu is User.
MENU.ReProgram
Allows you to embed a menu definition in a PRACTICE script
(*.cmm) or create a *.men file for a menu definition.
PRACTICE script for the above screenshot:
; menu User with two menu options
MENU.AddMenu "Mapper Settings"
"MAP.List"
MENU.AddMenu "Free and Used Memory" "MAP.state"
Accelerators
Accelerators allow you to execute commands with a single keystroke. Usually the function keys are used for
this purpose. Accelerators can be changed by using the MENU commands.
PRACTICE script for the above screenshot:
; the example shows how to include an accelerator in a temporary menu
MENU.AddMenu "Mapper Settings, ALT+F10" "Map.List"
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Screen Display
Main Toolbar
[Back to Top]
The main toolbar provides buttons for the most important TRACE32 commands. You can add user-defined
buttons with tooltips to the main toolbar by using the MENU commands.
MENU.AddTool
Add a temporary button to the main toolbar, i.e. the
button is available only for the current TRACE32 session
TOOLBAR
Toggle main toolbar
MENU.Program
Editor to write a program that customizes the TRACE32
menu
MENU.ReProgram
Menu programming
MENU.RESet
Restore default menu and configuration of main toolbar
PRACTICE script for the above screenshot:
; the example shows how to add a temporary button to the main toolbar
;
<tooltip>
<button_letters,color>
<command>
MENU.AddTool "Mapper Settings"
"ML,B"
"MAP.List"
Work Area
[Back to Top]
The work area is used as the general input and output area. For more detailed information, see Windows.
In addition to working with windows in the work area, you can place windows on user-defined pages. This is
useful if you need to open lots of windows and want to group them. For more information, see Pages.
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
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Screen Display
Message Line
[Back to Top]
The message line displays error and general messages, information on cursor position, etc. The message
line is located below the command line.
Error Messages
Error messages are displayed by a special attribute (e.g. red or blinking). The error message is erased
automatically. If an input error was made, an arrow will point to the mistake on the command line.
The softkeys will no longer correspond to the entered data! If the error message
is still unclear, the appropriate page in the on-line manual will be displayed,
when using the «help» key.
General Messages
When entering configuration commands, the current state is displayed during the command input. Some
command outputs are also displayed in the message line.
E::MAP.
mapper mode : SLOW
blocksize SRAM:
4K
DRAM: 16K
Additional Information on Cursor Position
If the left mouse button is pressed down while the cursor is positioned within a window, additional information
in regard to the current context will be displayed. In the example below the variable flags is selected in the
Data.List window.
E::
flag = {1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1}
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Screen Display
Softkeys
[Back to Top]
The softkey structure represents a hierarchical selection menu. Each softkey can be activated by clicking the
left mouse button.
Softkeys with pointed brackets (e.g., «<file>, <range>, <address>») are placeholders for parameters which
have to be entered in the command line.
In the case of softkeys with square brackets ([ or ]) the command is executed immediately after being
selected without a written entry to the command line.
Softkeys written completely in lower case characters represent command hierarchy branching which does
not alter the command line (e.g., emulation).
Softkeys written in upper case and mixed case represent command words which can also be entered via
the keyboard. You can enter either the entire word, or just the upper case letters. Upper and lower case
characters are not differentiated.
By means of the «other» softkey additional menu selections located in the same hierarchical level can be
started. By «previous» you can return to the former level in the menu hierarchy. The commands for those
softkeys which have been shadowed in on the display are inaccessible at this time.
Data
emulate
[Step]
<address>
previous
other
Command
Command path
Direct command
Parameter
Previous menu
Next menu
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Screen Display
State Line
[Back to Top]
The state line is located at the bottom of the TRACE32 main window.
Basic
Debugger
Activity
Mode
Cursor
Debug
System
Trace
The Cursor field provides:
•
Boot information (Booting …, Initializing … etc.).
•
Information on the item selected by the cursor.
The Debug field provides:
•
Information on the debug communication (system down, system ready etc.)
•
Information on the state of the debugger (running, stopped, stopped at breakpoint etc.)
The Trace field provides:
•
Information on the state of the trace (DISable, OFF, ARM …).
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Screen Display
The state of the trace can be changed by using the Trace pull-down.
The Debugger Activity field provides information on the target activity of the debugger, for example:
•
A red S indicates that the debugger shortly interrupts the program execution to realize a
debugger feature, e.g. intrusive breakpoints.
•
RUN in green indicates that TRACE32 has started an algorithm on the target to realize a
debugger feature, e.g. target-controlled FLASH programming.
The Mode field indicates the debug mode. The debug mode defines how source code information is
displayed (assembler code ASM or programming language code HLL or a mixture of both MIX) and how
single stepping is performed (assembler line-wise or programming language line-wise).
The debug mode can be changed by using the Mode pull-down.
The System field indicates Up if the communication between the debugger and the processor/core is
established and nothing is otherwise.
The communication between the debugger and the processor/core can be established and ended by the
System pull-down.
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Screen Display
Task
[Back to Top]
The name of the current task is displayed in the Task field after the TRACE32 OS-awareness was activated.
Selecting another task from the Task pull-down allows to switch the task context (mainly Register.view
window and Frame.view window).
•
A check mark is used to mark the task for which the task context is displayed.
•
A asterisk is used to mark the currently active task.
This feature is not supported for all operating systems.
SMP Systems
[Back to Top]
The Cores field shows the currently selected core.
•
TRACE32 PowerView visualizes all system information from the perspective of the selected core
if not specified otherwise.
The Cores pull-down allows to change the selected core.
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Screen Display
Advanced
[Back to Top]
The Target field indicates an active target reset or a locked JTAG interface (command: SYStem.LOCK ON).
Target
If “Integrated Run & Stop Mode Debugging via JTAG” is used TRACE32 indicates that a debug agent is
running in the Monitor field. For details refer to “RTOS Debugger for Linux - Run Mode”
(rtos_linux_run.pdf).
Monitor
Show/Hide State Line
[Back to Top]
STATUSBAR ON
Show state line.
STATUSBAR OFF
Hide state line.
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Screen Display
Pages
Pages in TRACE32 are similar to workspaces in other applications. In TRACE32, you can open windows on
different pages, but only the windows on the selected page are visible. Windows located on the other pages
are temporarily hidden.
You can create a new page and switch between pages by right-clicking anywhere on the TRACE32 main
toolbar. By default, TRACE32 auto-increments the names of new pages P001, P002, etc. But you can also
create new pages with user-defined names.
Right-click the toolbar to create a
new page or switch to another page.
The WinPAGE.List window serves as the table of contents for your pages. You should always open the
WinPAGE.List window with the WinResist pre-command to keep the table of contents visible on all pages.
P000
Default page P000
P001
New page P001
ANALYZE
EDIT
New pages with
user-defined names:
ANALYZE and EDIT
Currently selected page
Example:
WinResist.WinPAGE.List ;keep the table of contents visible on all pages
WinPAGE.Create
;new page with auto-incremented page name
;open these windows on the new page
Data.List
Var.Frame /Locals /Caller
Var.Watch %SpotLight flags ast
WinPAGE.Create ANALYZE ;create a new page named ANALYZE
WinPAGE.Create EDIT
;create a new page named EDIT
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Screen Display
WinPAGE.select
Select page
WinPAGE.Create
Create page with a user-defined name
WinPAGE.Delete
Delete page
WinPAGE.List
List pages
WinPAGE.REName
Rename page
WinPAGE.RESet
Reset window system
Colors
SETUP.COLOR
Change colors
sYmbol.List.ColorDef
List keyword colors
sYmbol.ColorDef
Modify keyword colors
CmdPOS
Toolbar and/or background color for multicore debugging
(TRACE32 is in MWI window mode)
FramePOS
Toolbar and/or background color for multicore debugging
(TRACE32 is in MDI window mode)
CORE.SHOWACTIVE
Show active cores in an SMP system. Each core has its
own color.
SETUP.COLORCORE
Enable coloring for core-specific info in SMP systems
<trace>.STATistic.COLOR
Assign colors to function for colored graphics
GROUP.COLOR
Define color for group indicator
SETUP.DRV
Send command to Windows screen driver to change the
color of an element, e.g. the background color of the
TRACE32 windows.
To get the ID of a TRACE32 element whose color you
want to change, run SETUP.COLOR.
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Screen Display
How the TRACE32 PowerView GUI Assists You in Scripting
The TRACE32 PowerView GUI is designed to assist you in writing PRACTICE scripts (*.cmm), with which
processes can be automated in TRACE32:
1.
The GUI controls in TRACE32 windows are labeled such that they reveal the command syntax
for use in a PRACTICE script. See (A) below.
2.
The commands shown in window captions can be modified and re-used with one mouse-click.
See (B) below.
(A) Writing Scripts based on the Text Labels of the TRACE32 PowerView GUI
Let’s assume you are writing a PRACTICE script and require the configuration settings from a window, such
as the ITM.state window. A window can contain all sorts of GUI controls: radio options, check boxes, dropdown lists, input boxes, and so on. To write a script that takes all of these GUI controls into account, follow
these two simple rules:
1.
Type the GUI labels into your script file.
2.
Omit the GUI labels that are all lowercase (here: itm, trace, commands)
TRACE32 does not accept:
ITM.itm.ON
TRACE32 accepts these 2 solutions:
ITM.ON
itm.on
Resulting command syntax for use in a PRACTICE script:
Solution 1
ITM.ON
ITM.DataTrace DataPC
ITM.PCSampler OFF
ITM.TImeMode External
ITM.CyclePrescaler 1/1
ITM.TimeStampMode ALL
ITM.TraceID
16.
ITM.TracePriority
2.
Solution 2
itm.on
itm.datatrace datapc
itm.pcsampler off
itm.timemode external
itm.cycleprescaler 1/1
itm.timestampmode all
itm.traceid
16.
itm.tracepriority
2.
Solution 3
itm.on
itm.dt
itm.pcs
itm.tim
itm.cp
itm.tsm
itm.tid
itm.tp
dpc
off
e
1/1
all
16.
2.
Solution 2 is the recommended solution in terms of typing effort and source code maintainability - for you
and your colleagues.
Solution 3 is very useful for frequently-used commands when you are working with the TRACE32 command
line.
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Screen Display
(B) Modifying and Re-using Commands Shown In Window Captions
Commands shown in window captions can easily be modified. This is a TRACE32 feature which is very
useful if you want to add, remove, or change the options or parameters of a command. This feature is also
useful when you are writing a PRACTICE script (*.cmm) and require a command that is already displayed in
a window caption; there is no need to re-type the command.
If you want to reproduce the step-by-step procedure below, use this source code:
;set a test pattern to the virtual memory of TRACE32
Data.Set VM:0--0x2f %Byte 1 0 0 0
Data.dump VM:0x0
;open the Data.dump window
;visualize the contents of the TRACE32 virtual memory as a graph
Data.DRAWFFT %Decimal.Byte VM:0++0x4f 2.0 512.
To modify / re-use commands shown in window captions:
1.
As a Windows user, right-click the window caption.
As a Linux user, click the top left icon, and then select Command Line.
The window caption is marked as selected [A].
The command is inserted into the TRACE32 command line [B].
A
B
You can now modify the command string in the command line. You can also select and copy the
command in the TRACE32 command line and paste the command into a PRACTICE script file.
2.
To execute the (modified) command again, click OK.
3.
To deselect the window caption without executing the command again, press the Esc key.
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Screen Display
Commands
•
“Command Structure”
•
“Long Form and Short Form of Commands and Functions”
•
“Entering Commands”
•
“Command History”
•
“Command and Function Parameters”
•
For information about tab completion for commands, see “Shortcuts”, page 112.
Command Structure
Most commands consist of a command word, parameters, and options. The command word consists of
several tokens, which are separated by a dot. Commands are combined into command groups whereby the
first token of the command designates the command group. The other tokens define subcommands.
Device
B::
Command
Data.
Subcommand
dump
List
Print
View
Set
LOAD.
.
Break.
.
SAVE.
.
Ubrof
Ieee
BINary
direct
Set
Commands can be preceded by a pre-command. Examples of pre-commands are ChDir (for changing the
directory), WinPrint, or WinExt. Window pre-commands are used to modify the behavior of the window for
a command.
WinPrint generates a hardcopy or a file from a command.
::B::WinPrint.Data.dump 0x1000 /Byte
option
parameter
sub-command
command
pre-command
device prompt
WinExt allows you to detach a window, e.g. SYStem.state, from the TRACE32 main window.
You can detach the window - even if TRACE32 is in MDI window mode.
WinExt.SYStem.state
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Commands
Long Form and Short Form of Commands and Functions
Commands and functions have a long form and an equivalent short form. The two forms can be used in the
TRACE32 command line and in PRACTICE scripts (*.cmm). In addition, the two forms are not case
sensitive.
Short forms are a time saver when you are working with the TRACE32 command line. In PRACTICE scripts,
the use of short forms is not recommended because short forms tend to make scripts difficult to maintain
later on - for you and your colleagues.
Example of the two forms:
Long form
SYStem.state
Short forms
SYS or just sys
•
You can use short forms in UPPER CASE or lower case.
•
You can omit words in all lower-case letters, e.g. state
UPPER CASE letters in the TRACE32 application and documentation are just visual cues to indicate the
short forms of commands. You can see the UPPER CASE letters of the short forms in the following places:
•
On the softkeys below the TRACE32 command line
Short forms: (-)
•
u
d
m
o
cpu
ma
In the TRACE32 windows, for example, in the SYStem.state window
Long form: SYStem.MemAccess CPU
Short form: sys.ma cpu
•
In the online help (For example, choose Help menu > Tree to open the command tree.)
To retrieve the long form of an unfamiliar short form (e.g. for sys.d):
1.
Choose Help menu > Index.
2.
Type the short form in the Find Index box, and then press Enter.
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Commands
Entering Commands
The long and short forms of TRACE32 commands are not case sensitive.
For example: Var.Watch can be abbreviated to v.w or to v.watch or to V.WATCH or to var.w
Command Line
[Back to Top]
All line-oriented commands are entered to the TRACE32 command line. The command line will
automatically come into focus when an alphanumeric character is entered (except Editor windows or fields).
All line oriented commands are not executed until confirmed by «return» or «[ok]».
The syntax is checked immediately after every key stroke.
OS level
Device level
Command
::
devices
HELP
os
windows
practice
::B::
emulate
Data
Var
trigger
devices
B::Data.
[ok]
dump
View
Print
<address>
options
Sub-command B::Data.List
[ok]
<range>
Parameter
B::Data.List 0x1000
[ok]
options
Option
B::Data.List
[ok]
NOTE:
List
EDIT
Analyzer
Set
/MarkPC
Mark
Track
TOrder
SOrder
MarkPC
You can copy and paste up to 300 commands (i.e. 300 lines including
comments) into the command line.
TRACE32 executes them like a PRACTICE script (*.cmm).
;set a test pattern to the virtual memory of TRACE32
Data.Set VM:0--0x2f %Byte 1 0 0 0
Data.dump VM:0x0
;open the Data.dump window
;visualize the contents of the TRACE32 virtual memory as a graph
Data.DRAWFFT %Decimal.Byte VM:0++0x4f 2.0 512.
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Commands
Device Selection
Each TRACE32 system has an identifier ending with two colons. The currently selected device is displayed
by the prompt of the command line. System identifiers can be entered prior to each command. When a new
device selector is entered prior to a command, the device selector is only valid for this specific command.
The permanent selection of a device is done by entering the identifier without any command word. The
TRACE32 operating system level can be accessed by entering two colons. Operating system commands
can be executed from any device without using a device identifier.
::B::
; select ICD Debugger
::E::
; select In-Circuit Emulator TRACE32-ICE
::F::
; select RISC Emulator TRACE32-FIRE
B::E::Data.dump 0x100
; An TRACE32-ICE window is generated out
; of the ICD debugger environment
B::QUIT
; The QUIT command is a part of the
; operating system and therefore, it is
; recognized for all devices
CmdPOS
Controls the position of TRACE32 in MWI window mode
FramePOS
Controls the position of TRACE32 in MDI window mode
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Commands
Command History
By using «up» or «down», with the cursor in the command line, you can get back the former executed
commands to the command line. By entering a keyword before using «up», it is possible to search for lines
containing this word.
With the command HISTory.type the command history is displayed. Clicking with the mouse will copy one
line to the command line.
HISTory.eXecute
Execute command history
HISTory.SAVE
Store command history log
HISTory.Set
History settings
HISTory.SIZE
Define command history log size
HISTory.type
Display command history log
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Commands
Command and Function Parameters
Parameters are required for an exact definition of the operation. Every parameter is separated from the next
by spaces or a comma. To omit an optional parameter 1 or 2 commas have to be used.
Trace.LOAD , /CONFIG
; Trace.LOAD [filename] [/CONFIG]
WinPOS ,,,,,, myflash
; WINPOS
Spaces are not allowed within parameters!
Wrong:
Correct:
0y 1000
0y1000
0x1000 *0x3
0x1000*0x3
(0x1000+0x3 )*0x3
(0x1000+0x3)*0x3
TRACE32 supports the following syntax for the command parameters.
Classic
Number base is hex.
Decimal
Number base is decimal, C-like operators are used.
Hex (default)
Number base is hex, C-like operators are used.
If SETUP.RADIX. is entered at the command line, the currently used RADIX mode is displayed in the
message line.
B::SETUP.RADIX.
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Commands
Parameter Types
Numerical values are limited to 64-bit values, strings are limited to 4095 characters. Depending on the
particular command or function, the following parameters are valid:
Parameter Type
Example
RADIX.Classic
Address
See also Address range
below.
UD:0x1000
D:0x1000
or UD:1000
or D:1000
ASCII value
'A'
Binary mask or bit mask
0yX111XXX
or 0X111XXX!
Binary value
0y1
0y0
0y100010001
or 1!
or 0!
or 0100010001!
Boolean
<operand1><compare_operator><operand2>
or any function returning a boolean
expression, such as the functions TRUE()
and FALSE().
Decimal value
1.
123445.
Floating point number
1.3
1.3e+34
0.123
Hex mask
0xFX
0xff1cxxxx
or 0FX
or 0ff1cxxxx
Hex value
0x0
0xd344
0x1234
0xEEEE
or 0
or 0d344
or 1234
or 0EEEE
Range
0x10..0x20
10.--30.
0x10--0xed
'A'--'Z'
or 10--0ed
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Commands
Parameter Type
Example
RADIX.Classic
String
"customer name"
"abc""def" - string literal value: abc"def
Time range
10us--2ms
10us..20ms
Units of measurement:
•
s (seconds)
•
ms (milliseconds)
•
us (microseconds)
•
ns (nanoseconds)
Time value
10s
23.24ms
75.0ns
Units of measurement:
•
s (seconds)
•
ms (milliseconds)
•
us (microseconds)
•
ns (nanoseconds)
Address Range
Example 1:
;Address range
Data.List SP:0..0xFFF
;Address range
Data.List SP:0--0xFFF
;RADIX.Classic: in RADIX classic you can leave out the "0x"
Data.List SP:0--0FFF
Example 2: All four Data.SAVE.Binary commands save 0x30 bytes beginning from D:0x4040
;Address range -Data.SAVE.Binary file1.bin D:0x4040--0x406F
;Address range ..
Data.SAVE.Binary file2.bin D:0x4040..0x406F
;Offset ++
Data.SAVE.Binary file3.bin D:0x4040++0x2F
;Range computed with offset
Data.SAVE.Binary file4.bin D:0x4040--(0x4040+0x2F)
NOTE:
The address range always includes the last byte.
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Commands
Type
Example
Symbol
main
SIEVE
\MCC\sieve
Symbol with special chars
"main"
Line numbers
\100
\MCC\100
\module\100
\\program\"C:\folder\helloworld.c"\100
Filename MS-DOS
TEST
TEST.CMM
A:\FOLDER\TEST.CMM
objs\abc.abs
NOTE: 'C:TEST.C' is not valid name !
Filename UNIX/OS-9
objs/abs.abs
../src/abc.def
~/proj/src/main.c
~~~~/demo/analyzer/perf.ts
Filename VMS
[.objs]abs.abs
[-.src]abc.def
DISK$DISK2:[t32.font]abc.d;4
Filename special (for 3rd party
tool integration e.g. Eclipse)
\\program\"C:\folder\helloworld.c"
\"/home/myuser/examples/demo1.cpp"
Function
Register(PC)
FOUND()
OS.ENV(HOME)
RADIX.Classic
The HLL debugger commands (all commands beginning with Var.) have their
own syntax, which is identical to the syntax of the used high level language.
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Commands
Operators
Values can be linked by operators.
Type
Example
RADIX.Classic
Brackets
(main+1)*20
Range (with borders)
0x1000..0x1fff
0x1000--0x1fff
teststart--testend
(-1000.)--(-50.)
'a'--'f'
'a'..'f'
or 1000--1FFF
Range (with offset)
0x1000++0x33
teststart++0xff
or 1000++33
or teststart++0FF
Negation
-1
-0x1
-0y10000
or -1
or -10000!
Binary NOT
~2e
~0x2e
or N#2e
Logical NOT
!(i<20.)
or N:(i<20.)
!('a'--'z'||'A'--'Z'
||0x20||0x9||'0'--'9')
or N:('a'--'z':O:'A'--'Z'
:O:20:O:9:O:'0'--'9')
!0x10
or N:10
0x10<<2.
result: 0x40
or 10<<2
0x10<<0x2
result: 0x40
or 1000--1fff<<4
Shift left
0x1000--0x1fff<<0x4
result: 0x1000--0x1FFF0
"abc"<<3.
result: "abcccc"
"-"<<10.
result: "-----------"
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Commands
Type
Example
RADIX.Classic
Shift right
"abc">>3.
result: "aaaabc"
or 10>>2.
0x10>>2.
result: 0x04
or 1000--1ffff>>2.
0x1000--(0x1ffff>>0x2)
result: 0x1000--0x7fff
0x1000--0x1fff>>0x10
result: 0xff0--0x1fef
Multiplication
1000.*0x2e
1000.*0y10
or 1000.*2e
or 1000.*10!
Division
1000./0x2e
1000./0y10
or 1000./2e
or 1000./10!
Addition
0x1000+0x03
sieve+0x33
or 1000+3
or sieve+33
Concatenation
"abc"+"def"
or "abc" "def"
result: "abcdef"
Subtraction
0x1000-0x34
1000.-0x34
or 1000-34
or 1000.-34
Comparisons
sieve>0x1000
sieve<0x1000
sieve==0x1000
sieve!=0x1000
sieve>=0x1000
sieve<=0x1000
or sieve<>1000
or sieve=>1000
or sieve=<1000
Data.Byte(my_char)==(
'a'--'z'||'0'||'1')
result: TRUE() when value is a
lower alphabet character or a
binary digit character “0“ or “1”
Register(PC)!=(P:0x1000||
sYmbol.RANGE(func2)||
P:0x20..P:0x2ff)
result: TRUE() when the actual
program counter register value
is not covered from the
address ranges.
Binary AND
mask&0x1000
or mask#A#1000
Binary XOR
mask^0x1000
or mask#X#1000
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Commands
Type
Example
RADIX.Classic
Binary OR
mask|0x1000
or mask#O#1000
Binary Complement
~mask
or N#mask
Logical AND
flag0&&flag1
(r(D0)>d.l(i))&&(d.b(x)<=0x0f)
or flag0:A:flag1
or (r(D0)>d.l(i)):A:(d.b(x)<=0f)
Logical XOR
flag0^^flag1
or flag0:X:flag1
Logical OR
flag0||flag1
'a'--'z'||'0'--'9'||0x20||9.
or flag0:O:flag1
or 'a'--'z':O:'0'--'9':O:20:O:9
Logical NOT
!FOUND()
or N:found
Arithmetic Rules and Operator Precedence
The arithmetic hierarchy is similar to that found in most other programming languages, whereby a difference
is made between boolean and arithmetic operators of logical relations. Expressions of the same priority are
evaluated from left to right.
Precedence
Operands
Meaning
1.
( ) { }
Brackets (highest priority)
2.
-- ++ ..
Ranges
3.
+ - ~ N# ! N:
Signs, Binary NOT, Logic NOT
4.
<< >>
Shift operations
5.
* / %
Multiplication, Division, Modulo
6.
+ - +
Addition, Subtraction, Concatenation
7.
== != >= ...
Comparisons
8.
& #A#
Binary AND
9.
^ #X#
Binary XOR
10.
| #O#
Binary OR
11.
&& :A:
Logical AND
12.
^^ :X:
Logical XOR
13.
|| :O:
Logical OR
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Commands
Parentheses
The braces '{' and '}' have the same mathematical function as the brackets '(' and ')', except that the braces
additionally convert a variable expression into a constant expression.
E::Data.dump Register(pc)
;
;
;
;
The Data.dump window displays a hex dump
of the memory range indicated by the PC.
Whenever the PC changes the corresponding
memory range is displayed.
E::Data.dump
{Register(pc)}
;
;
;
;
;
;
The Data.dump window displays a hex dump
of the memory range indicated by the PC.
Since the current contents of the PC is
converted to a constant expression, the
same memory range is displayed all the
time, even when the PC changes.
Parameter History
For most parameters (e.g. addresses, file names) the previous parameter entered may be recalled by using
the appropriate softkey. Only one entry is stored for each parameter type.
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Commands
File Names
TRACE32-PowerView supports the input of file names as follows:
•
File names can be entered without extensions (.xyz). The valid extension is added automatically
(see SETUP.EXTension).
•
File names can be marked with wildcard characters (* or ?). In this case, a file selection or folder
picker dialog opens, from which the correct file can be selected. See screenshot below.
•
The file type filter can be set to automatically show the desired file types, for example c, cmm,
txt, etc.
In the example below, the file type filter is set to c files, i.e. the other files are temporarily hidden
in the file selection dialog.
File type filter
For MS-DOS/Windows applications, only one working directory is supported. To access a file on another
drive, the full path name must be used. Prepending the ChDir command before the command causes the
new directory to become the current working directory.
Data.LOAD
*.abs
DO \practice\*
; execute a PRACTICE script file from
; another directory,
; keep current working directory
ChDir.DO \practice\*
; execute a script file from another
; directory and make this directory to the
; current working directory
EDIT
DIR
a?.c
*.obj
&practice_dir=OS.PPD()
CD &practice_dir
; inside a PRACTICE script file only
; no macro replacement in command line
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Commands
Path Prefixes
Tildes and periods can be used as path prefixes. There are five special path prefixes:
Linux
Windows
Function
./
.\
Current working directory
../
..\
Parent directory
~/
~\
Home directory of the user (from $HOME)
~~/
~~\
System directory of TRACE32.
Default: c:\t32 on MS Windows
~~~/
~~~\
Temporary directory for TRACE32
~~~~/
~~~~\
Directory where the current PRACTICE script is located
Example:
;step through this PRACTICE script file (*.cmm) in the PSTEP window
PSTEP ~~/demo/arm/compiler/arm/arm9.cmm
NOTE:
•
•
In the command line, please use the path prefixes instead of the functions, e.g. CD ~~~~/ instead of OS.PPD().
TRACE32 can handle forward slashes / on all operating systems.
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Commands
General Command Parameter Parser Behavior in the Different Radix Modes
Parser Changes in Version V2.00 and Higher
A. Object of Description
The general parameter parser for commands is the TRACE32 parser which is used for command line input,
the batch language PRACTICE, the analyzer programming language, the peripheral description language
and the menu programming. The parser version V2.X was introduced May 1999.
Only the command group “Var” which handles HLL debugging does not use the TRACE32 parser. For
HLL debugging a special programming language aware parser is used. This allows the user to enter HLL
expression like the following example:
Var.view *((long*)p_firstelement->next))
Different HLL parsers are implemented (e.g. for C, C++, JAVA, Ada, ...).
This description is not intended for these kind of special HLL parsers.
Examples of using the general TRACE32 parameter parser:
Command line:
Break.Set sieve /Alpha
Data.List P:0x1ACE
Data.dump P:0x10--0x200
DUMP mcc.abs 0xC00
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
sets alpha breakpoint at function begin
of sieve
opens source list window at address
program 0x1ACE
opens data dump window from address 0x10
to 0x200
displays file dump with file offset
of 0xC00
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
PRACTICE script files:
; check whether program stopped at correct address (0x1000)
IF r(PC)!=0x1000
(
PRINT "Program stopped at address: " r(PC)
; loads program counter with address of symbol startaddress
; and restart program
Register.Set PC startaddress
Go
)
ENDDO
Analyzer programming files:
TIMECOUNTER delay_counter 100ns--2ms
; defines counter time window
ADDRESS AlphaBreak func1--y.end(func3)
; defines address event from
; start address of func1 to end
; address of function func3
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
B. Support of C Language Expressions
Parser version V2.00 and higher supports a command parameter syntax that is similar to C
language expressions.
Please be aware, it isn’t a full C expression implementation, which is only available for the command group
“Var” (e.g. Var.view *(&flags+20)).
Restrictions:
1.
Not implemented:
sizeof(), (typename), assignment operator (=,+=,-=,*=,/=,%=,>>=,<<=, &=,|=,^=),
array[], pointer->element, structure.element, *p_value, &flags[20], (a==2)?1:2
e.g. a += b+3;
2.
Different meaning:
++ (prefix and postfix; e.g. i++) will be used for range offset input
e.g. 1234.++1000.,
-- (prefix and postfix; e.g. i--) will be used for range offset input
e.g. 100ns--200ns,
Symbol names will be interpreted always as &symbolname (start address of symbol) and not as
name or value for the complete symbol.
Example:
Break.Set flags /Write
E::Break.List
Address
C:00008233
; Sets a write breakpoint to the
; start address of the variable flags
C
W
\\taskc\Global\FLAGS
Var.Break.Set flags /Write
E::Break.List
Address
C:00008233--00008245
; Sets a write breakpoint to the
; complete address range used for
; the variable flags
C
W
\\taskc\Global\FLAGS
The character & is used to mark PRACTICE macros (e.g. &cpu="MPC860")
3.
Extensions:
logical XOR (^^), data type boolean, bit constants, bit masks, hex masks, ranges,
addresses, address ranges, times, time ranges can use.. to define a range
(e.g. 123..456)
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
C. Radix Mode Support
Parser version V2.00 and higher supports radix (number base) switching.
Depending on the selected radix the written values are interpreted in a different way.
E.g. 123 could be meant as 123 decimal or 123 hexadecimal depending on the used radix mode.
RADIX Modes
RADIX
Radix mode
The radix mode (number base) is specified by this option. Numbers without type prefix like “0X” or “0Y”
respectively postfix “.” are interpreted in the selected number base.
Classic
number base is hex - all input formats for operands and operators permitted
Decimal
number base is decimal - old-fashioned operators and operands are
locked
Hex
number base is hex - old-fashioned operators and operands are locked - default
If RADIX. is entered in the command line, the currently used RADIX mode is displayed in the State Line.
E::RADIX.
radixmode: Hex
To use PRACTICE and analyser programming files written in old-fashioned format please insert the
command RADIX.Classic in the first line of the start up PRACTICE script.
Written Value
Interpreted Value in Radix Mode
Classic
Decimal
Hex
1000h==4096d
1000d==1000d
1000h==4096d
P:1234h==P:4660d
P:1234d==P:1234d
P:1234h==P:4660d
1000.
1000d
1000d
1000d
1234.
1234d
1234d
1234d
1000
P:1234
’d’: decimal value - ’h’: hexadecimal value.
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
D. Incompatibilities in RADIX.Classic Mode
This section describes incompatibilities between radix mode Classic of the parser version 2 and higher
compared to older versions. The parser version V2.X was introduced May 1999.
Written Value
Interpreted Value
<=V1.90
0xx13
1.
(see 1.)
>=V2.00
xx13
x13
0Xxx13
0xxxx1100! (see 1.)
xxxx1100!
syntax error
0Yxxxx1100
0x23af
x23af
23af !!
0Xx23af
0x23x56x (see 1.)
x23x56x
23x56x !!
0Xx23x56x
.symbolname
(symbol names with . as
prefix, see 2.))
.symbolname
syntax error
‘.symbolname‘
or symbolname and
sYmbol.PREFIX .
(see 1.)
Now bit- and hex masks which start with 0x (e.g. 0xx10) will always be interpreted as a hex
constant (only one ’x’ in value - e.g. 0x23) or hex mask (more than one ’x’ - e.g. 0x2x4). The
result will be a different and wrong constant value or an error message compared to versions <=
V1.90.
NOTE:
2.
New Syntax for V2.00 and
later
In consequence existing PRACTICE files and especially analyser trigger
programs written in old-fashioned syntax will not run correctly or will
generate an error messages.
Please refer to the Operand transition table.
Now symbol names which begin with the prefix character ’.’ will generate an error message. This
could be avoided if:
-
the whole symbol name is put into quotation marks (e.g ’.start’)
-
the automatic symbol prefix is set to ’.’ with the command sYmbol.PREFIX . Then the symbol
name has to be entered without prefix (e.g. start).
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operands
Examples for operands:
Break.Set sieve /Alpha
Data.List P:0x1AF
Data.dump P:0x10--0x1ff
;
;
;
;
;
;
sets alpha breakpoint at function begin of
sieve
opens source list window at program address
0x1AF
opens a data dump window from address 0x10
to 0x1ff
Restriction:
Not all operand formats could be used in all radix modes. Please refer to the Operand Format Table.
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operand Format Examples (Literals)
Operand
Meaning
Radix mode
Classic
Decimal
Hex
X
X
X
X
0y1010
binary constant
X
1010!
binary constant
X
0x12af
hex constant
X
1234
hex constant
X
1234
decimal constant
1000.
decimal constant
X
X
X
1.2
float constant
X
X
X
0y10xx10
bitmask constant
X
X
X
10xx10!
bitmask constant
X
0x12axfx
hexmask constant
X
X
X
12axfx
hexmask constant
X
'a'
ASCII constant
X
X
X
"abcdef"
string constant
X
X
X
"abc""def"
string constant with escape
sequence for using string
delimiter inside string literals
string value: abc”def
X
X
X
`main`
backticks for HLL symbols
X
X
X
1000--2000
numeric range constant
X
X
X
1000..2000
numeric range constant
X
X
X
P:0x1af
address constant (hex)
X
X
X
P:1234
address constant (hex)
X
P:1234
address constant (decimal)
P:1234.
address constant (decimal)
X
X
X
P:0x1000--0x1fff
address range constant
X
X
X
P:0x1000..0x1fff
address range constant
X
X
X
123ms
time constant
X
X
X
123ns--4.25s
time range constant
X
X
X
123ns..4.25s
time range constant
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operand Transition Table
Please use the table below for converting the old-fashioned data type format into the new-fashioned formats.
Old-fashioned
New-fashioned
Meaning
<= V1.90
>= V2.00
1010!
0y1010
bit constant
12af
0x12af
hex constant
10xx10!
0y10xx10
bitmask constant
12axfx
0x12axfx
hexmask constant
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operators
Examples for the use of operators:
Command line:
Data.dump P:0x10++(Register(D0)%4)
; open data dump window from
; address 0x10 to offset value
; in register D0 modulo 4
PRACTICE script files:
IF
; check whether program
; stopped at the correct
; address
Register(PC)!=0x1000
Analyzer programming files:
DATA.BYTE ascii
; define data event with the
; alphabet as valid values
’a’--’z’||’A’--’Z’
ADDRESS AlphaBreak !(fct1--y.end(fct3))
;
;
;
;
;
;
define an address event over
the whole 4 giga address
space without the address
range from start address of
func1 to end address of
func3
Not all operators could be used in all radix modes. Please refer the Operand Format Table.
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operator Formats
Operator
Meaning
Radix mode
Classic
Decimal
Hex
!
logical NOT
X
X
X
&&
logical AND
X
X
X
^^
logical XOR
X
X
X
||
logical OR
X
X
X
N:
logical NOT
X
:A:
logical AND
X
:X:
logical XOR
X
:O:
logical OR
X
~
binary NOT
X
X
X
&
binary AND
X
X
X
^
binary XOR
X
X
X
|
binary OR
X
X
X
N#
binary NOT
X
#A#
binary AND
X
#X#
binary XOR
X
#O#
binary OR
X
-
negation or minus
X
X
X
+
plus
X
X
X
*
multiplication
X
X
X
/
division
X
X
X
%
modulo (reminder)
X
X
X
<<
shift left
X
X
X
>>
shift right
X
X
X
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operator
Meaning
Radix mode
Classic
Decimal
Hex
<
smaller than
X
X
X
>
greater than
X
X
X
<=
smaller or equal than
X
X
X
=<
smaller or equal than
X
>=
bigger or equal than
X
X
X
=>
bigger or equal than
X
==
equal to
X
X
X
<>
not equal
X
><
not equal
X
!=
not equal
X
X
X
() {}
parenthesis
X
X
X
--
range with borders
X
X
X
..
range with borders
X
X
X
++
range with offset
X
X
X
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General Command Parameter Parser - Behav-
Operator Transition Table
Please use the following table to convert old-fashioned operators into the new format.
Old-fashioned
New-fashioned
Meaning
N#
~
bitwise negation
#A#
&
bitwise and
#X#
^
bitwise xor
#O#
|
bitwise or
N:
!
logical negation
:A:
&&
logical and
:X:
^^
logical xor
:O:
||
logical or
<>
!=
not equal comparator
><
!=
not equal comparator
=<
<=
smaller or equal comparator
=>
>=
bigger or equal comparator
not available
%
modulo (remainder)
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Window System
Windows
[Back to Top]
All outputs of the TRACE32 system are displayed in windows. Usually, all windows display current data,
because they are updated periodically.
Windows can be closed by the esc key. This allows to temporarily display some information and quickly
close the window again.
TRACE32 windows typically consist of some or all of the following components:
B
C
A
D
E
G
F
H
A Clicking the icon lets you access the window manager menu.
B The header (window caption) contains the TRACE32 command that is used to open the window.
C Local buttons of a window.
D Scale area: The scale areas indicate the position of the displayed section in regard to the whole
data area.
E Slider control (top).
F Data area: The data area of the window contains the actual values or information.
G Slider control (bottom).
H Scale area: The scale areas indicate the position of the displayed section in regard to the whole
data area.
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Window System
Window Captions - What Makes Them Special in TRACE32
[Back to Top]
The command you have used to open a window is shown as the window caption. The parameters and
options are also included in the window caption.
In addition, you can easily modify the window caption with a simple mouse-click. For more information, refer
to “Modifying and Re-using Commands Shown In Window Captions”.
If you want to reproduce the above Data.DRAWFFT window, use this source code:
;set a test pattern to the virtual memory of TRACE32
Data.Set VM:0--0x2f %Byte 1 0 0 0
Data.dump VM:0x0
;open the Data.dump window
;visualize the contents of the TRACE32 virtual memory as a graph
Data.DRAWFFT %Decimal.Byte VM:0++0x4f 2.0 512.
Local Buttons
[Back to Top]
Many TRACE32 windows have built-in local buttons [A]. In addition, you can extend TRACE32 windows with
user-defined local buttons [B].
A
B
For an example of how to program your own local buttons in TRACE32 windows, see the BUTTONS
command.
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Window System
Local Popup Menus
[Back to Top]
You can extend the built-in local popup menus of TRACE32 windows with your own local popup menus and
menu items, as shown in this example of a List.auto window:
A
B
C
A Built-in local popup menu named Program Address.
B User-defined local popup menu.
C User-defined menu items.
There are two ways to add your own menu items to popup menus in TRACE32 windows:
•
You can assign your own menu items to the command short form of a TRACE32 window, e.g. to
the command short form L. for the List.auto window. As a result, your own menu items are only
visible in the List.auto window, but not in the List.Mix nor the List.Asm window nor any other
window.
For information about command short forms, see “Long Form and Short Form of Commands and
Functions”, page 31.
•
You can assign your own menu items to the built-in popup menus Program Address and
Variable. As a result, your own menu items are visible in all TRACE32 windows that have these
popup menus, such as the following windows: List.auto, List.Mix, List.Asm, Data.dump,
Var.Watch, etc.
For examples of how to programmatically extend a TRACE32 window with your own menu items, refer to the
menu programming command MENU.
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Window System
Slider Controls
Most windows that output data have slider controls. By dragging the slider controls, you can:
1.
Open and close legends, e.g. the color legends of charts in ProfileChart windows.
2.
Resize the scale area.
3.
Display new columns after modifying a command on the fly, as described in “Modifying and Reusing Commands Shown In Window Captions”.
In example (3) below, the Data.List command is modified by adding ISTAT. This modification adds
new columns to the window and highlights code in yellow that was not executed.
(1)
Open and close
the color legend.
(2)
(3)
Drag the slider control to display the new columns.
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Window System
Window Operations
Basic Operations
All basic operations (e.g. move window, iconize window) are fully compatible with the host operating system.
Old Position, Bookmarks, and Current Selection
You can place visible bookmarks and one hidden bookmark in TRACE32 windows that output data, e.g. in
Trace.List or Data.List windows. Using bookmarks, you can navigate between bookmarked positions.
Visible bookmarks
View menu > Bookmarks opens the Bookmark.List window. The steps
below describe how to place visible bookmarks. For more information
about visible bookmarks, see BookMark.
Hidden bookmark
Recall Position returns to the position you have previously saved with
Store Position. The steps below describe how to place a hidden
bookmark.
Current Selection
Goto Selection returns you to the currently selected position or last
active view (in case the selection is no longer active).
To place visible bookmarks in a window:
1.
Choose View menu > Trace to open a Trace.List window.
2.
Right-click where you want to place a visible bookmark, and then select Toggle Bookmark.
-
3.
Scroll somewhere else within the same window, and then place another bookmark.
To view the bookmark list, choose View menu > Bookmarks.
BookMark.List ;alternatively use the TRACE32 command line
To place a hidden bookmark in a window:
1.
Choose View menu > Trace to open a Trace.List window.
2.
Click where you want to place the hidden bookmark.
3.
Choose Edit menu > Store Position.
-
4.
Scroll somewhere else within the same window.
To return to the last stored position, choose Edit menu > Recall Position.
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Window System
Getting Information
If the left mouse button is held down, additional information will be displayed concerning the field addressed
by the cursor position.
E::Var.View \\iar196\iar196\flags
\\iar196\iar196\flags = (1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1,
E::
\\iar196\iar196\flags[3]=0
Cursor position
Changing Data or Setups
A double click to a field with the left mouse key will invoke a change command such as «Data.Set» or
«Register.Set».
E::Data.dump
address
SD:00002764
SD:00002768
SD:0000276C
SD:00002770
SD:00002774
SD:00002778
SD:0000277C
SD:00002780
SD:00002784
0 1
0000
0000
0000
0000
0101
0101
0100
0001
0001
2 3
0000
0000
0000
0000
0101
0001
0100
0100
0000
0123
....
....
....
....
....
....
....
....
....
Cursor position
E::Data.Set SD:0x2774 %WORD %UP
Command generated by mouse click
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Window System
Window Manager Menu
The windows in TRACE32 provide a window manager menu with special commands. For a short description
of the these commands, see below.
•
Windows GUI: To access the window manager menu, click the icon in the top left corner of a
window:
•
Motif GUI: To access the window manager menu, right-click the window manager button. The
window manager button is located on the right upper or right lower corner of a Motif window.
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Window System
Short Descriptions of the Special Commands in the Window Manager Menu
Next
Jump to next window.
Command Line
Inserts the window caption (= command) in the command line.
•
On a Windows GUI, right-click the window caption.
•
On a Motif GUI, click the window manager button, and then select
Command line.
You can now modify and run the command again or re-use it in a
PRACTICE script (*.cmm).
See also “Window Captions - What makes them special in TRACE32”.
Reset Position
Returns to the position specified in the window caption.
Examples of window captions:
B::Data.dump (0x100) => Returns to address 0x100
B::Data.List func9 => Returns to symbol func9
B::Trace.List -000212. => Returns to record -000212.
Freeze
Freezes the window contents. Executing the function again will change
back to a cyclic update of the window.
Freeze Parameter
tbd.
Small, Medium,
Large Font
Changes the size of the font for the window. Switching to Large Font is
very useful in presentations before large audiences.
See also WinSmall, WinMid, WinLarge.
Transparent
Makes the window transparent (only available for MWI interface of
Windows 2000 and later). These kind of external windows will allow
windows in the background to shimmer through.
See also WinTrans.
Print
Print All
The result of Print or Print All depends on the output medium you have
selected in the PRinTer dialog:
1. Choose File menu > Printer Settings to open the PRinTer dialog.
2. Select the output medium you want: printer, ClipBoard, or FILE.
Depending on your selection, the window contents can now a) be sent to
the printer or b) copied to the clipboard or c) saved to file.
•
•
Print prints only the visible window contents to the selected output
medium
Print all behaves within a TRACE32 window as if you scroll to the
top of the terminal buffer and choose Print, then scroll down one
visible terminal page and do the next Print, and so on.
NOTE: To process huge amounts of data, e.g. from a List.auto window,
we recommend that you redirect the output to a file instead. See
PRinTer.FILE example.
See also PRinTer and PRinTer.select.
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Window System
To Clipboard
To Clipboard copies the visible window contents as text to the clipboard.
See also PRinTer.
To Clipboard all
To Clipboard All behaves within a TRACE32 window as if you scroll to
the top of the terminal buffer and choose To Clipboard, then scroll down
one visible terminal page and do the next To Clipboard, and so on.
NOTE: To process huge amounts of data, e.g. from a List.auto window,
we recommend that you redirect the output to a file instead. See
PRinTer.FILE example.
See also PRinTer.
Window Screenshot to File
Captures a screenshot of the active window and opens the Save Window
Screenshot dialog. Enter file name and select file type (PNG, GIF etc.)
See also SCreenShot.
Window Screenshot to Clipboard
Copies a screenshot of the visible part of the window to the clipboard.
Store Command
Saves the window caption (= command) as a PRACTICE script (*.cmm).
The position, size, and name of the window as well as column widths are
also included in the script.
See also STOre.
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Window System
Window Position and Name
The size and position of a window generated by a command can be predefined by the command WinPOS.
A name can be specified for this window. This command in mainly used in PRACTICE scripts (*.cmm),
which were generated by the STOre command.
AutoSTOre
Store settings automatically
STOre
Generate a script that allows to reproduce the current
setting or settings
ClipSTOre
Store settings to the clipboard
WinPOS
Define position, size, and name of the next window
WinOverlay
Pile up windows on top of each other
;
<x>
<y>
<w>
<h>
WinPOS
5.0
5.0
58.
8.
TYPE ~~~\test.txt /LineNumbers
, , ,
<win_name>
TEXT1
Freezing a Window
A window is frozen by choosing the Freeze command of the window manager menu. A frozen window is no
longer updated with the current state. Therefore, it can no longer be scrolled, because the required data are
missing. The pre-command WinFreeze will generate a frozen window from the command line.
Erasing a Window
Windows are deleted like any other window on the host. All windows can be deleted without loss of data, e.g.
when using the editor. The command WinCLEAR without parameters deletes all windows on the current
window page. All window pages are deleted by the WinPAGE.RESet command.
WinCLEAR
Erase all windows on one page or a named window
WinPAGE.RESet
Erase all pages
Window Scroll Bars
In the case of most windows with a finite size, the relationship between the displayed section and the entire
size of the window is represented in the scroll bars located at the borders of the window. Infinite windows,
like a hex dump, have no moving scroll bar.
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Window System
Printing Window Contents
To print a hardcopy of the active window, select the Print command from the window manager menu. Larger
areas can be printed by adding the pre-command WinPrint.
Printers must be configured in the config file (default config.t32). The installation of printers is described in
the INSTALLATION GUIDE.
WinPrint.<command>
Print one window (full printer size) to file
WinPRT
Make hardcopy of existing window
PRinTer.HardCopy
Print all windows on screen
PRinTer.select
Select type of printer
PRinTer.ClipBoard
Re-route printer output to clipboard in specified format
Saving Window Contents
The PRinTer commands can be used to redirect and save window contents to a file. The output file can
either contain one printout or combine multiple printouts in one file. The output format of the file can be either
a plain ASCII format for postprocessing or POSTSCRIPT for use in document processing tools.
PRinTer.OPEN
Open file and re-route multiple printer outputs to this file
PRinTer.FILE
Define file for single printer output and select output
format for file
PRinTer.CLOSE
Close file after multiple printer outputs
WinPrint
Print one window (full size) to file
PRinTer.EXPORT
Export CSV-formatted printer output to file
In the following example, the contents of the Register.view window are saved to file, which is then opened in
the TYPE window. The path prefix ~~~ expands to the temporary directory of TRACE32.
Register.view
PRinTer.FILE ~~~\test.txt
WinPrint.Register.view
TYPE ~~~\test.txt /LineNumbers
;optional step: open the window
;create and open a file for writing
;print the window contents to file
;open the file in the TYPE window
Save window contents
to file
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Window System
Special Window Options
Windows with some special behavior can be created by the following commands:
WinBack
Generates a window on background
WinDuplicate
Duplicates window
WinExt
Generates an external separate window (MWI like)
WinFreeze
Generates a frozen window
WinLarge
Generate window with large font
WinMid
Generate window with regular font
WinOverlay
Pile up windows on top of each other
WinPAGE
Window pages
WinPAGE.Create
Create page
WinPAGE.Delete
Delete page
WinPAGE.List
List pages
WinPAGE.select
Select page
WinResist
Generates a window which cannot be erased by
WinCLEAR
WinRESIZE
New size for window
WinSmall
Generate window with small font
WinTABS
Define TABs
WinTOP
Bring window to top
WinTrans
Generate transparent window
WinBack.AREA error
WinFreeze.Data.dump 0x1000
WinResist.PEDIT test
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Window System
Text-based Functions
The text-based functions are available in all windows. They allow searching for text and control the display
excerpt of the window.
WinFIND
Search for a text string in a window
WinPAN
Scroll window
The Find function can be accessed from the Edit menu window (Windows) or from the window manager
menu (Motif). This example shows that you can search for text in a peripherals file (PER.view window).
Selection Service
The selection service allows 'drag and drop' and 'cut and paste' features between applications. Drag and
drop is started by pressing the left mouse button on a selection and then moving the mouse. Cut and Paste
can be done either with the Copy command in the window manager menu or by using the Edit menu or the
appropriate accelerator key (i.e. ^C on Windows).
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Window System
Message Windows
By default, all information is displayed in the message line. To get a more terminal-like output and input, you
can create multiple named message areas and display the information output to the various message areas
in AREA windows. Information is printed to the AREA windows with the PRINT command. Interactive
keyboard input on an AREA window can be made with the ENTER command.
•
Error messages and warnings will always be displayed in the default AREA window A000. A000
is the name of the default message area. See [A].
•
User-defined messages can be output to the same default AREA window A000, or to extra
AREA windows having user-defined names, see [B].
A
B
AREA.Create
Create in/out area
AREA.view
Display in/out area
AREA.Select
Select a message area for PRINT and ENTER
AREA.OPEN
Open output file
AREA.CLOSE
Close output file
AREA.SAVE
Save contents of the AREA window to file. In this simple save operation,
the commands AREA.OPEN and AREA.CLOSE are not required.
AREA.RESet
Delete all in/out areas
AREA.CLEAR
Clear area
LOG.toAREA
Log commands by writing them to an AREA window
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Message Windows
Window Tracking
Windows may be coupled by a global reference indicator, generated either by the mouse position within a
window or by the result of a search function. The reference indicator may be the line number (for text
windows), the address or the absolute time. Window tracking is possible between different types of windows,
like source text, analyzer listings or timing diagrams. Every window which is set to track mode by the option /
Track will follow the track reference pointers. Some windows are temporarily set to tracking when search
functions are executed (e.g. the analyzer list window during a find operation).
Tracking by mouse
E::TYPE mcc.bak
/Track
#define TRUE 1
#define FALSE 0
#define SIZE 18
Track pointer
static int mstatic1, mstatic2
volatile float vfloat E::TYPE
mcc.c
volatile double vdoubl
#define TRUE 1
#define FALSE 0
#define SIZE 18
Mouse pointer
static int mstatic1, mstatic2;
volatile float vfloat = 1.0;
volatile double vdouble = 1.0;
Tracking by search operations
E::Data.dump
address
SD:0000002C
SD:00000030
SD:00000034
SD:00000038
SD:00000048
/Track
0 1 2
49 5A 45
31 38 0D
0D 0A 73
61 74 69
31 2C 20
3
20
0A
74
63
6D
0123
IZE
18..
..st
atic
1, m
E::Data.Find 0--0xfff "stat"
data 73 74 61 74 found in SD:0x00000000--0x00000FFF at SD:0x00000036
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Window Tracking
File and Folder Operations
TRACE32 provides standard operating system commands for fast execution of file and folder operations.
The commands are implemented in the TRACE32 software, they don’t execute operating system
commands on the host.
ChDir
Change directory
ComPare
Compare files
COPY
Copy file
DEL
Delete file
DIR
List subdirectories and files
DUMP
Display binary file
EDIT
Edit text file in the TRACE32 editor
FIND
Find in text or binary file
LS
Display directory
MKDIR
Create directory
MV
Rename file
PACK
Compress file (LZW coding)
PATCH
Modify binary file
PATH
Define search path
PEDIT <file>
Open <file> with the PRACTICE script editor
PWD
Change directory
REN
Rename file
RM
Delete file
RMDIR
Delete directory
SETUP.EDITEXT
Define an external editor
TYPE
Display text file
UNPACK
Expand packed file (LZW encoding)
UNZIP
Expand packed file (gzip encoding)
ZIP
Compress files
For information about wildcard characters and path prefixes supported with the file and folder handling
commands, see “File Names”, page 43 and “Path Prefixes”, page 44.
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File and Folder Operations
File Contents
TRACE32 provides a number of commands for writing data from TRACE32 to file and reading data from
files. The following list is a selection of commands:
CLOSE
Close file
Data.WRITESTRING
Write string from target memory to PRACTICE file
OPEN
Open data file
READ
Read data from file
Var.EXPORT
Export variables in CSV format to file
Var.WRITE
Write variables to file
WinPrint
Print window
WRITE
Write data to file
WRITEB
Write binary data to file
APPEND
Append data to file
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File Contents
Encrypt/Execute Encrypted Files
You can encrypt PRACTICE script files (*.cmm) and PER files (*.per) in TRACE32 with user-defined keys.
This encryption is useful if you do not want other people to view your source code in human readable form.
Other users can execute any encrypted file (*.cmm or *.per) in TRACE32, provided the encrypted file is
unlocked with the same key you have defined for this file.
NOTE:
With the correct key, an encrypted file can be executed in TRACE32, but the
source code itself remains encrypted.
PRACTICE script files (*.cmm):
ENCRYPTDO
Encrypt a PRACTICE script file.
DODECRYPT
Execute the encrypted PRACTICE script file.
NOTE: The PRACTICE script source code itself remains
encrypted, i.e. it is not human readable.
PER files (peripheral register definition file, *.per):
ENCRYPTPER
Encrypt a PER file.
PER.viewDECRYPT
Execute and view the encrypted PER file in a PER
window.
NOTE: The PER file source code itself remains
encrypted, i.e. it is not human readable.
Text and binary files:
ENCRYPT
Encrypt a text or binary file.
DECRYPT
Decrypt the text or binary file.
The text is displayed in human readable form again.
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Encrypt/Execute Encrypted Files
Host Commands
Operations of the host system may be executed directly on the command line of TRACE32.
OS.screen
Execute host command
OS.Area
Call host operating system with output in a TRACE32
AREA window
OS.Command
Execute host command
OS.Window
Call host operating system with output in a TRACE32
window
OS.Hidden
Call host operating system without output
In this example, the TRACE32 commands and functions are formatted in bold. The host command is
formatted in regular font.
;list all PRACTICE script files (*.cmm) in the TRACE32 ~~/demo/arm/
;folder and all subfolders
LOCAL &files
&files=OS.FILE.ABSPATH(~~/demo/arm/)+"*.cmm"
OS.Window dir /s &files
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Host Commands
Printer Operations
You can send every window or the complete screen from TRACE32 to:
•
The default printer
•
The clipboard
•
A file
For each output medium, you can define the format, e.g. font, font size, ASCII, enhanced ASCII, XML, or a
more complex format, like POSTSCRIPT or WORDSTAR. When printing to file, you can specify path and file
name or browse for an existing file.
You have the following options to send information from TRACE32 to a printer or save TRACE32 windows to
file:
•
Choose File menu > Window Screenshot to File to capture the TRACE32 main window and all
other TRACE32 windows displayed within the TRACE32 main window [A].
•
Click the top left icon in any window to open the window manager menu [B].
B
A
C
D
-
The Print option prints just the visible contents of the active window [C].
-
The Print all option prints more than the visible contents of the active window [D].
•
Use the TRACE32 command line and PRACTICE scripts (*.cmm); commands for printing and
saving TRACE32 windows to file are listed in the table below.
•
Extra commands are provided for saving the code coverage database and the instruction
statistics database to XML files.
PRinTer.select
Select printer type and output style
PRinTer.FILE
Define file for single printer output and select output
format for file (ASCII, CSC, XML, etc.)
PRinTer.OPEN
Open file and re-route multiple printer outputs to this
file
PRinTer.CLOSE
Close file after multiple printer outputs
PRinTer.EXPORT
Export CSV-formatted printer output to file
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Printer Operations
PRinTer.HardCopy
Print all windows on screen
PRinter.SIZE
Define layout
PRinter.OFFSET
Define left and top border
WinPRT <windowname>
Prints just the visible contents of the active window
WinPrint.<command>
The WinPrint pre-command prints more than the
visible contents of the active window
ISTATistic.EXPORT
Export instruction statistics to an XML file
COVerage.EXPORT
Export code coverage information to an XML file
Examples:
; example for print
PRinTer.select
PRinter.SIZE
PRinter.OFFSET
WinPrint.Data.dump
; example for copy
PRinTer.FILE
WinPrint.Data.dump
PRinTer.select
operation
IBM
80. 65.
5. 5.
0x0--0xfff
;
;
;
;
select IBM printer
select lines and columns
select border
print window
to file operation
test.lst
; open file for printing
0x0--0xfff
; print Data.dump window to file
IBM
; switch back to line printer
; example for generating a POSTSCRIPT file
PRinTer.FILE test.ps PSPS12
; open file for printing and select
; POSTSCRIPT, Portrait,
; Helvetica, 12cpi
WinPrint.Data.dump 0x0--0xfff
; print Data.dump window to file
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Printer Operations
System Setup and Configuration
Many system configuration options are set with the SETUP command. For more information refer to the
“IDE Reference Guide” (ide_ref.pdf) and the manual of the devices (Emulator, Analyzer).
SETUP.ASCIITEXT
Configure ASCII text display
SETUP.BAKfile
Set backup file mode
SETUP.CClear
Erase caches
SETUP.COLOR
Configure colors
SETUP.DEVNAME
Set logical device name
SETUP.DRV
Send command to driver
SETUP.EXTension
Set default file name extensions
SETUP.HOLDDIR
Configure working directory
SETUP.ICONS
Display icons in popup menus
SETUP.QUITDO
Define quit PRACTICE file
SETUP.ReDraw
Update whole screen
SETUP.RESTARTDO
Define restart PRACTICE file
SETUP.SOUND
Set sound generator mode
SETUP.STATistic
Cache and memory usage
SETUP.TabSize
Configure tab width
SETUP.TIMEFORM
Select scientific time format
SETUP.URATE
Limit window update rate
SETUP.WARNSTOP
Configure PRACTICE stops
ZERO
Set time reference
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System Setup and Configuration
Command Logging
Command inputs can be logged. The logging of the command input generates a file which has the structure
of a PRACTICE script (*.cmm). This program can be edited and started with the DO command. The
command log includes all commands entered in the command line and all mouse commands. Every
operation on TRACE32 can be referred to a single-line command. The mouse click to a screen-based button
will be stored as a single line command. Command inputs which lead to a syntax error are not logged.
To generate a command log, the log file must be opened first. Then all executed commands are written to
this file. There is no limitation by an internal buffer size. The file can be viewed in a window, while it is being
filled. By closing the file the logging process is terminated. Only one file may be opened at the same time.
The logging may be interrupted temporarily by an OFF and ON sub-command.
LOG.OPEN
Generate command LOG file and start logging.
LOG.CLOSE
Terminate logging and close command log file.
LOG.type
Show contents of the command LOG file
LOG.ON
Resume logging
LOG.OFF
Pause logging
LOG.toAREA
Log commands by writing them to an AREA window
LOG.OPEN
...
; opens file 't32.log'
; commands are logged
LOG.OFF
...
; switch off log function
; commands are not logged
LOG.ON
...
LOG.CLOSE
; switch on log function
; commands are logged
; close file and terminate log function
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Command Logging
Dialog Programming
The DIALOG command group and its dialog elements, such as buttons and edit boxes, are used to create
and display custom dialog boxes. They are normally used to increase the flexibility of PRACTICE script files
by providing user selectable actions or requesting information from the user, e.g. actual firmware file name
for the flash process.
NOTE:
Examples of dialog definitions reside in the directories:
•
../demo/practice/dialogs
and
•
../demo/analyzer/trigger
In This Section:
•
Dialog Syntax and File Types
•
Comments in Dialogs
•
Dialog Commands - an Overview
•
Dialog Elements - an Overview
•
Return Values and Labels
•
PRACTICE Macros in Dialog Programming
For information about built-in and user-defined icons, see “Built-in Icons and Icon Library”, page 107.
Dialog Syntax and File Types
The syntax of a dialog definition is line oriented. Blanks and empty lines can be inserted to structure and
indent the dialog definition. Single and multi-line programs can be assigned to dialog elements.
Single-line programs are enclosed in straight quotation marks "..."; multi-line programs are enclosed in
parentheses (...).
Single-line program
BUTTON "Click Me"
Multi-line program
BUTTON "Click Me"
(
Data.List
Register.view
)
"Data.List"
The opening parenthesis of a multi-line program must immediately follow after a dialog element. If an empty
line is erroneously inserted after a dialog element, the TRACE32 message bar displays the error message
nesting block open missing. This error message is displayed when you try to execute the defective
dialog.
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Dialog Programming
There are two file types where you can store custom dialogs. The syntax slightly varies depending on the file
type you have chosen:
1.
Embedded in PRACTICE script files with the extension *.cmm. The dialog definition is placed in
parentheses after the DIALOG command. See Example 1.
2.
In extra files with the extension .dlg. They are called by the DIALOG.view command.
See Example 2.
Example 1 - The dialog is embedded in a PRACTICE script file with the extension *.cmm:
LOCAL &file
;declare PRACTICE macro
DIALOG.view
;start the dialog definition
(
POS 1. 1. 15.
myLabel: EDIT "" ""
POSX 1. 6.
BUTTON "[:edit]File" "DIALOG.SetFileW myLabel ~~~\*.cmm"
POSY 1.
DEFBUTTON "OK" "CONTinue"
)
STOP
;wait for the user's response to the dialog
&file=DIALOG.STRing(myLabel) ;get return value of EDIT box by label
DIALOG.END
OPEN #1 &file /Create
WRITE #1 "Begin of file"
CLOSE #1
ENDDO
Example 2 - The dialog is in an extra file with the extension .dlg:
Contents of dialog.dlg
PRACTICE script file (*.cmm)
POS 1. 1. 10.
LOCAL &file
LAB: EDIT "" ""
POS 11. 1. 5.
DIALOG.view dialog.dlg
BUTTON "File"
(
DIALOG.SetFileW LAB *.cmm
)
POS 1. 3. 5.
DEFBUTTON "OK" "CONTinue"
STOP
&file=DIALOG.STRing(LAB)
DIALOG.END
OPEN #1 &file /Create
WRITE #1 "Begin of file"
CLOSE #1
ENDDO
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Dialog Programming
Comments in Dialogs
Comment lines start with a semicolon and must be placed in separate lines.
Correct comment position
Wrong comment position
DIALOG.view
(
;your comment
ICON ":objects"
;your comment
TEXT "Hello World!"
)
DIALOG.view
(
ICON ":objects"
;your comment
TEXT "Hello World!" ;your comment
)
If a comment is erroneously placed in the same line as a dialog element, the TRACE32 message bar
displays the error message no more arguments expected. This error message is displayed when you
try to execute the defective dialog.
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Dialog Programming
Dialog Commands
Using the DIALOG command group you can (a) control your custom dialogs, (b) control the behavior of an
individual dialog element on a custom dialog, (c) interact with the file system of the operating system (OS),
and (d) display OS message boxes.
Control Your Custom Dialogs
DIALOG.AREA
Adds an output AREA to a custom dialog
DIALOG.END
Close the dialog window
DIALOG.Program
Editor to write a custom dialog.
DIALOG.ReProgram
Dialog programming
DIALOG.SELect
Programmatically focus on this dialog
DIALOG.view
Show dialog window
Control Behavior of Individual Dialog Elements on Custom Dialogs
DIALOG.Disable
Disable dialog elements
DIALOG.Enable
Enable dialog elements
DIALOG.EXecute
Execute a dialog button
DIALOG.Set
Set the value of a dialog element
Interact with the File System
DIALOG.DIR
Display a folder picker dialog and pass the return value of the
selected folder to your PRACTICE script (*.cmm).
DIALOG.File
Open an OS file dialog and pass the name of the selected file to your
PRACTICE script (*.cmm).
DIALOG.SetDIR
Browse for folder. The selected folder an be displayed in the EDIT
box of your custom dialog.
DIALOG.SetFile
Open an OS file dialog and pass the name of the selected file to a
custom dialog. The selected file can be displayed in the EDIT box of
your custom dialog.
Display Message Boxes of the Operating System
DIALOG.MESSAGE
Create dialog box with an information icon (OK button only)
DIALOG.OK
Create dialog box with an exclamation mark (OK button only)
DIALOG.YESNO
Create dialog box with YES and NO buttons
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Dialog Programming
Dialog Elements
Dialog elements allow you to place edit boxes, buttons, drop-down lists, etc. on your custom dialogs.
TRACE32 provides the following dialog elements for programming custom dialogs:
BAR
Define a progress bar
BOX ["<text>"]
Define a decorative border
BUTTON "<text>" [<command>]
Define a button
CHECKBOX "<text>" [<command>]
Define a check box
CHOOSEBOX "<text>" [<command>]
Define a choose box
CLOSE [<command>]
Catch window close
COMBOBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a combo box
DEFBUTTON "<text>" [<command>]
Define the default button
DEFCOMBOBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a combo box
DEFEDIT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define an edit control
DEFHOTCOMBOBOX "<list_items>"
[<command>]
Define a default hot combo box
DEFHOTEDIT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a hot edit control
DEFMEDIT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a default multiline edit control
DLISTBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a default list box
DYNAMIC "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a dynamic, single-line area
DYNCOMBOBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a dynamic combo box
DYNDEFCOMBOBOX "<list_items>"
[<command>]
Define a default dynamic combo box
DYNDEFHOTCOMBOBOX "<list_items>"
[<command>]
Define a dynamic default hot combo box
DYNHOTCOMBOBOX "<list_items>"
[<command>]
Define a dynamic hot combo box
DYNLTEXT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a dynamic single-line text area in bold and
large font size
DYNPULLDOWN "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a dynamic pull-down list
DYNTEXT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a dynamic, single-line text area in regular
font size
EDIT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define an edit control
HEADER "<text>"
Define window header
HELP
Define a help icon
HOTEDIT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a hot edit control
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Dialog Programming
HOTCOMBOBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a hot combo box
ICON "<built_in_icon_name>" |
"<user_defined_icon>"
New icon in top left corner of dialog
INFOTEXT "<msg_text>" [<formatting>]
Define a multiline info text box on a dialog
LINE "<text>"
Define a decorative line
LISTBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a list box
LTEXT "<text>"
Static, single-line text area in bold and large font
size
MEDIT "<initial_text>" [<command>]
Define a multiline edit control
MLISTBOX "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a multiline list box
NAME "<text>"
Define an internal dialog name
POS <x> <y> <width> <height>
Define position and size
POSX <inc> <width> <height>
Define position and size on the x-axis
POSY <inc> <width> <height>
Define position and size on the y-axis
PULLDOWN "<list_items>" [<command>]
Define a static pull-down list
SPACE
Define space
STATIC "<built_in_icon_name>" |
"<user_defined_icon>"
Place an icon in a dialog
TEXT "<text>"
Define a text item
TEXTBUTTON "<text>" [<command>]
Define a flat button with text only
TREEBUTTON "" [<command>]
Define a +/- toggle button
UPDATE ["<command_string>"] [<command>]
Executes commands periodically
VLINE ""
Define a decorative vertical line
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Dialog Programming
Return Values and Labels
Dialog elements, such as an EDIT box or a LISTBOX, can have a user-defined label in front of the
command. Labels must start in the first column and are always followed by a colon. Together with the
DIALOG.STRing() or DIALOG.STRing2() function, a label can be used to access the return value of a
dialog element.
&retVal
&retVal=DIALOG.STRing(<label>)
LOCAL &retVal
;declare a PRACTICE macro
DIALOG.view
(
POS 1.5
0.75
myLAB:
EDIT "x" ""
;start the dialog definition
30.
POSX 1.
5.
DEFBUTTON "OK" "CONTinue"
)
STOP
;wait for the user's response to the dialog
&retVal=DIALOG.STRing(myLAB) ;get return value by label
DIALOG.END
DIALOG.MESSAGE "The EDIT box contains the address &retVal"
The return values of built-in dialog boxes, e.g. the DIALOG.YESNO message box or the DIALOG.DIR folder
picker dialog, can be accessed with the ENTRY command. Here is an example of a simple “yesno” input:
ENTRY &<practice_macro>
LOCAL &result
;declare a PRACTICE macro
DIALOG.YESNO "Program FLASH Memory ?"
ENTRY &result
;get return value of DIALOG.YESNO
IF !&result
ENDDO
ELSE
(
;your code...
)
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Dialog Programming
PRACTICE Macros inside Dialog Definitions
Two PRACTICE macros, highlighted in blue, are used in the following dialog definition. For activating
PRACTICE macro expansion inside a DIALOG definition, the following prerequisites have to be fulfilled:
1.
“(&” must be used - instead of just “(“
2.
“(&” must begin in the first column of the line
ENTRY &flashno &default_flash_firmware_file
LOCAL &file
&header_text
&header_text="program dialog for "+FORMAT.Decimal(1,&flashno)
&header_text="&header_text"+". flash"
DIALOG.view
(&
HEADER "&header_text"
POS 1. 1. 30.
LAB: EDIT "&default_flash_firmware_file" ""
POS 31. 1. 5.
BUTTON "File"
(
DIALOG.SetFile LAB *.bin
)
POS 1. 3. 5.
DEFBUTTON "OK" "CONTinue"
)
STOP
&file=DIALOG.STRing(LAB)
PRINT "selected firmware file: &file"
PRINT "for flash:"+FORMAT.Decimal(1,&flashno)
DIALOG.END
ENDDO
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Dialog Programming
HELP System
In This Section:
•
Ways to Get Help
•
Context-Sensitive Help
•
Structure of the Help System
•
Configure the Help System
•
Recommendations for Choosing a PDF Viewer
•
Bookmarks for Help Topics
•
Troubleshooting the Help System
•
Change the Installation Path of the PDF Files
Ways to Get Help
There are several methods to get help information:
•
Help menu in the menu bar
•
Context-sensitive help
•
HELP via the TRACE32 command line
•
The following HELP commands are available:
HELP.Bookmark
Bookmark PDF files
HELP.checkUPDATE
Enable the automatic help update via internet
HELP.command
Command related support
HELP.FILTER
Filtering all documents with the used hardware and
RTOS
HELP.Find
Full-text search across all help documents
HELP.Index
Search within indexed terms, commands, functions
HELP.PDF
Open PDF file in a PDF viewer
HELP.PICK
Context-sensitive help
HELP.PRinT
Print PDF files
HELP.Topics
Display help content list
HELP.TREE
Display command tree
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HELP System
Context-Sensitive Help
You can call up the HELP window via the help key. On Windows, the help key is F1. The HELP window then
displays information about the current context, with the current context being determined by the cursor
position.
•
To get context-sensitive help on a window or dialog, click the window or dialog, and then press
F1.
•
To get context-sensitive help for a command, type the command at the TRACE32 command line,
append an empty space, and then press F1.
•
To get context-sensitive help on an individual item such as a button, check box, or menu item,
click the context help button
on the toolbar (HELP.PICK).
•
If an error occurs, a short error help message will be displayed.
Press F1 to access the complete error help message in the error.pdf.
F1
tbd.
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HELP System
Structure of the Help System
The TRACE32 help system is divided in two parts:
•
The HELP window is used to navigate through the help files and to search for any topic.
•
An external PDF viewer displays the selected topics.
New TRACE32 Releases
[Software Releases 02/2016 and higher]
Your favorite PDF viewer: It takes only a few mouse-clicks to configure the TRACE32 help system to relay
context-sensitive help calls to your favorite PDF viewer.
TRACE32
Your favorite PDF Viewer
SETUP.PDFViewer
HELP window
For a step-by-step procedure, see “Configure the Help System”, page 91.
Previous TRACE32 Releases
Alternate PDF viewers: TRACE32 relays context-sensitive help calls to a batch file, which then calls the
desired topic in the PDF file. The script is a *.bat file under Windows, or an*.sh file under Linux and MacOS.
Alternate PDF Viewer
TRACE32
HELP window
Acrobat Reader: TRACE32 communicates with the TRACE32 plug-in to jump directly to the desired topic in
the PDF file.
Acrobat Reader
TRACE32
HELP window
TRACE32 plug-in
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HELP System
Configure the Help System
[Recommendations] [Software Releases 02/2016 and higher]
This section describes how to proceed after you have successfully installed the TRACE32 software and the
help system.
Upon completion of the installation:
•
Each TRACE32 executable (t32m<architecture>.exe) provides the HELP window.
•
The file help.t32, which has to be in the system path (e.g. c:\t32), enables all help functions in
TRACE32, like context-sensitive help and full-text search. When TRACE32 is started, the file
help.t32 is loaded. If not, you receive an error message, saying that the help.t32 file cannot be
loaded.
•
The PDF help files are in the subfolder pdf of the TRACE32 system path (e.g. c:\t32\pdf). This
path can be changed in the config file.
Your next step:
•
Configure the TRACE32 help system with a few mouse-clicks to display the PDF help files in your
favorite PDF viewer; see step-by-step procedure below.
To configure the TRACE32 help system:
1.
Choose Help menu > Setup PDF Viewer, or at the TRACE32 command line, type:
SETUP.PDFViewer
The SETUP.PDFViewer dialog window opens.
2.
Do one of the following:
-
Click DETect if you want to use your default PDF viewer.
The remaining input boxes are populated with the pre-configured command line parameters for
the selected PDF viewer.
-
Click browse if you want to user a PDF viewer other than the default, e.g. a portable PDF
viewer.
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Then click preset to populate the remaining input boxes with the pre-configured command line
parameters for the selected PDF viewer.
3.
Click test to verify that the selected PDF viewer can be started from within TRACE32.
4.
Click the remaining three test buttons to verify that your selected PDF viewer passes the
following basic tests:
-
The PDF viewer opens our test document on page 1.
-
The PDF viewer jumps to a named destination on another page in the same test document.
-
The PDF viewer prints our test document or opens the Print dialog.
5.
If the selected PDF viewer has passed all tests, click Ok.
6.
Optional test - online help call via the TRACE32 command line:
-
Type the following command at the TRACE32 command line: List.Mix
-
Add a space, and then press F1.
Result: TRACE32 help system displays the description of the List.Mix command in your
favorite PDF viewer.
NOTE:
You do not need to re-start TRACE32 because your settings take immediate
effect.
Recommendations for Choosing a PDF Viewer
1.
2.
You should choose a PDF viewer for use with the TRACE32 help system that provides the
following features:
-
Tabbed document view for files opened via the command line.
-
Command line argument for passing file names to the PDF viewer (e.g. debugger_arm.pdf).
-
Command line argument for passing named destinations to the PDF viewer (e.g. line IDs).
-
One and the same PDF viewer instance allows an unlimited number of context-sensitive jumps
to named destinations within one and the same PDF file instance.
-
A Back button that allows you to re-trace your navigation steps across PDF documents, and
not just the navigation steps within the same PDF document.
-
A PDF viewer that is quick to start.
Install the latest version of the PDF viewer, in which you want to display the files of the TRACE32
help system.
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Bookmarks for Help Topics
In This Section:
•
Create Help Bookmarks
•
Store and Load Help Bookmarks Manually
•
Store and Load Help Bookmarks Automatically
NOTE:
Unsaved help bookmarks are only available during the current TRACE32
session.
If you want to re-use your help bookmarks in future sessions, remember to store
your help bookmarks. See “Store and Load Help Bookmarks Automatically”,
page 94.
Create Help Bookmarks
•
Right-click any topic in the HELP window, and then select Toggle Bookmark.
-
A green rectangle indicates the bookmarked help topic.
-
The help bookmark itself is added to the Bookmark tab of the HELP window.
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Store and Load Help Bookmarks Manually
Use the steps described below if you want to transfer your bookmarks from one computer to another
computer.
To store help bookmarks:
1.
On the Bookmark tab of the HELP window, click Store.
2.
Enter a file name, and then click Save.
The bookmarks displayed on the Bookmarks tab are saved as a PRACTICE script (*.cmm).
To load help bookmarks:
1.
On the Bookmark tab of the HELP window, click Load.
2.
Browse for the PRACTICE script (*.cmm) containing the bookmarks.
3.
Click Open to load the help bookmarks into the Bookmark tab.
Store and Load Help Bookmarks Automatically
NOTE:
Unsaved help bookmarks are only available during the current TRACE32
session.
1.
Close TRACE32.
2.
Add the AutoSTOre command to your PRACTICE start-up script (*.cmm):
AutoSTOre , HELP
If the AutoSTOre command is already used in your start-up script, then add just the keyword HELP
as shown in the example below.
AutoSTOre , HISTORY HELP
3.
Restart TRACE32.
The help bookmarks you create are now automatically stored when you close TRACE32. In addition,
the bookmarks are automatically loaded back into the Bookmark tab of the HELP window when you
start TRACE32 again.
This script line returns the path and file name where TRACE32 auto-stores your help bookmarks:
PRINT VERSION.ENVironment(AUTOSTORE)
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Troubleshooting the Help System
[Software Releases 02/2016 and higher]
Loads only old Online Help
Verify if the file help.t32 is in the TRACE32 system path (by default c:\t32), and if you have rights to read this
file.
Warning: Online help outdated, please upgrade via http://www.lauterbach.com/manual.html
Situation: The TRACE32 message line displays this warning message:
Cause: The TRACE32 help system is at least 2 software releases older than the TRACE32 executable
(t32m<architecture>.exe).
Remedy:
1.
Open the VERSION.ENVironment window, and then make a note of the paths shown in the lines
SYS: and HELP:
2.
Close TRACE32.
3.
Download the zipped help system of the most recent TRACE32 software release from
www.lauterbach.com/manual.html
4.
Unzip the downloaded file.
5.
Copy the pdf files to the HELP: folder.
6.
Copy the help.t32 file to the SYS: folder, i.e. the TRACE32 system directory.
7.
Restart TRACE32. The TRACE32 help system is now up to date again.
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Change the Installation Path of the PDF Files
The PDF files of the TRACE32 help system are installed to the TRACE32 system path, subfolder pdf. But
sometimes it may be necessary to change this path - for example, if you want different TRACE32
installations to share the same HELP= path.
There are two possibilities to change the installation path for the PDF files:
1.
Add it to the configuration file in the OS= part:
OS=
SYS=c:\t32
TMP=c:\tmp
HELP=c:\t32\pdf
2.
; system directory for TRACE32
; temporary directory for TRACE32
; help directory for TRACE32 (default: c:\t32\pdf)
Set the environment variable “T32HELP” to the pdf installation path.
NOTE:
The help directory for the PDF files can be a local folder or a network folder, e.g.
g:\trace32-help-files\pdf
The file help.t32 must reside in the system directory. A network folder is not
supported.
Winhelp Compatibility
To provide backward compatibility, the main Winhelp functions will still work.
On unix, additionally the environment variable “HHHOME” has to be set to the directory for hyperhelp (used
for displaying the online manual).
Winhelp Files:
man.t32
Online manual (error messages)
man.*
Online manual (WINDOWS help)
manhh.*
Online manual (UNIX hyperhelp)
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Previous Releases - HELP System
Previous Releases - HELP Installation and Setup
[up to Software Release 09/2015]
The installation of the help system is normally done by the software installation program, but here the
complete online help installation is described if any problem occurred:
1.
The HELP window is included in the TRACE32 executable (t32*.exe).
2.
TRACE32 help loads the file help.t32, which has to be in the system path, e.g. C:\T32\
Only this file enables all help functions in TRACE32, like context-sensitive help and full-text
search.
3.
Acrobat Reader should be installed on the computer, and to use the TRACE32 plug-in, the
version has to be 4.0 or higher.
4.
Acrobat loads the TRACE32 plug-in (trace32.api) which has to be in the “plug_ins” directory. If
the plug-in is loaded correctly, you can find the menu entry About TRACE32 in the Help menu.
5.
The PDF help files are in the TRACE32 system path in the subfolder “pdf”, e.g. “C:\T32\pdf”. This
path can be changed in the config file.
6.
On Unix you have to do manually:
The environment variable “ACROBAT_PATH” has to be set to the path where acroread is installed,
Use the setenv command or add it to your .profile - file.
>setenv ACROBAT_PATH=/opt/Acrobat5
Copy the TRACE32 plug-in to the Acrobat plug_ins folder
>cp cdrom/bin/suns/trace32.api /opt/Acrobat5/Reader/sparcsol/
plug_ins/
Previous Releases - Configuring an Alternate PDF Viewer
[only Software Releases 09/2014, 02/2015, and 09/2015]
By default, the help system of TRACE32 uses Adobe Reader as PDF viewer. But, as of the release in
November 2014, the help system of TRACE32 supports any PDF viewer that can handle file names and
named destinations.
Please consult the help of the PDF viewer you want to use about how to pass file name and named
destination as command line arguments to that PDF viewer; for some examples, see below.
The following step-by-step procedure assumes that you have installed TRACE32 in the default system
directory c:\t32 on Windows, or $HOME/t32 on Linux.
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Previous Releases - HELP System
To configure an alternate PDF viewer for the help system of TRACE32:
1.
Close TRACE32.
2.
Create an OS environment variable called T32PDFVIEWER
3.
Assign the following value to the variable:
-
For Windows users: c:\t32\_pdfviewer.bat
The resulting entry in the Windows Environment Variables dialog looks as follows:
-
For Linux and Mac users: $HOME/t32/_pdfviewer.sh
The resulting entry in the Linux $HOME/.profile file looks as follows:
export T32PDFVIEWER=$HOME/t32/_pdfviewer.sh
4.
To make the new OS environment variable and its value available to TRACE32, log out of your
Windows or Linux session, and then log in again.
5.
In the TRACE32 system directory, create the file _pdfviewer.bat or _pdfviewer.sh
6.
For Linux users: Make sure that you have execute permission for the script file, e.g.
chmod +x _pdfviewer.sh
7.
Enter a script which calls the PDF viewer you want to use and passes file names and named
destinations as arguments from TRACE32 to your PDF viewer:
-
Examples for Windows users
-
Example for Linux users
8.
Start TRACE32.
9.
To test the alternate online help call, type the following command at the TRACE32 command line:
List.Mix
10.
Add a space, and then press F1. Result: TRACE32 help system displays the description of the
List.Mix command in your favorite PDF viewer.
Previous Releases - Examples for Windows and Linux Users
[only Software Releases 09/2014, 02/2015, and 09/2015]
The argument %1 or ${1} in the script examples below takes the pdf file names, the argument %3 or ${3}
takes the named destinations within a pdf file.
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Previous Releases - HELP System
Examples for Windows Users
PDF-XChange Viewer:
@echo off
set reader="C:\Program Files\Tracker Software\PDF Viewer\PDFXCview.exe"
start "Launch PDF" %reader% /A nameddest=%3 %1
SumatraPDF:
@echo off
start "Launch PDF" "C:\T32\bin\SumatraPDF.exe" ^
%1 ^
-nameddest %3 ^
-reuse-instance
The caret sign ^ serves as a line continuation character in Windows batch files (*.bat). White space
characters after ^ are NOT permissible.
Foxit Reader:
@echo off
set reader="C:\Program Files (x86)\Foxit Software\Foxit Reader\Foxit
Reader.exe"
start "Launch PDF" %reader% /A "nameddest=%3" %1
Adobe Acrobat X Pro:
@echo off
start acrobat.exe
/n /A "nameddest=%3" %1
Example for Linux Users
evince (as of version 3.x; earlier versions do not support the -n option):
#!/bin/bash
/usr/bin/evince ${1} -n ${3} &
evince or xpdf or Firefox: This Linux shell script displays the pdf of the TRACE32 help system in the first
available pdf viewer:
#!/bin/bash
evince "${1}" -n ${3}
xpdf -remote t32xpdf -raise "${1}" +${3}
firefox file:///${1}#nameddest=${3}
|| \
|| \
&
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Previous Releases - HELP System
The backslash \ serves as a line continuation character in Linux shell scripts (*.sh).
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Previous Releases - HELP Installation Problems
[up to Software Release 09/2015]
Some common installation problems are described here.
Loads only old Online Help
Verify if help.t32 is in TRACE32 system path (by default c:\t32), and if you have rights to read this file.
Alternate Call for Adobe Reader
[only Software Releases 09/2014, 02/2015, and 09/2015]
By default, the trace32.api file relays the call for a particular help topic from TRACE32 to Adobe Reader.
However, if you encounter problems after updating your Adobe Reader version, you can bypass the
trace32.api file with the code shown below. For a step-by-step procedure, see “Previous Releases Configuring an Alternate PDF Viewer”, page 97.
Adobe Reader:
@echo off
start acrord32.exe /n /A "nameddest=%3" "%1"
Acrobat does not start automatic
Reinstall Acrobat Reader, verify if everybody can write to Acrobat subfolder “plug_ins” – if not, copy
“trace32.api” manually to this folder
Acrobat opens File, but does not jump to the right Chapter
Verify if there is a Acrobat menu entry “Help->About plug-ins->About Trace 32” – if not copy “trace32.api” to
Acrobat subfolder “plug_ins”
Warning “Communication with Acrobat Reader failed” always when using the Help
Copy “trace32.api” to Acrobat subfolder “plug_ins”
Warning “Communication with Acrobat Reader failed” only at first Acrobat Startup
Acrobat starts too slow.
Good trick to improve Acrobat startup time is to delete never needed plug_ins:
rename folder “plug_ins” to “plug_ins_bak”
then create empty “plug_ins” folder and copy there only “trace32.api” and other really needed plug_ins
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Previous Releases - HELP System
Warning “Please install Acrobat Reader to see pdf help files!”
This message is displayed if the Acrobat installation could not be found on windows systems. Download the
Acrobat Reader software from www.adobe.com and install it.
If you installed Acrobat already and this message is displayed anyway, check if one of the following registry
entries exist (execute regedit.exe):
•
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE: SOFTWARE\\ Microsoft\\ Windows\\ CurrentVersion\\ App Paths\\
Acrobat.exe
•
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE: SOFTWARE\\ Microsoft\\ Windows\\ CurrentVersion\\ App Paths\\
AcroRd32.exe
If none of these keys exist, remove your current installation and install it again. You can also start Acrobat
manually before using the online help and ignore the error message.
If you have the rights and if you are skilled to change registry entries, you can add it manually. But you have
to be sure what you are doing - changing registry entries can affect the whole behavior of the Windows
system!
Add the key “AcroRd32.exe” as shown below, change the Acrobat installation where it is installed on your
system.
Warning “Error occurred while trying to start Acrobat Reader!”
Check the registry entries as described above - check if the (Standard) entry is really the correct installation
path
Warning “Acrobat Reader could not be started” (Unix only)
Check if environment variable “ACROBAT_PATH” is set correctly to the Acrobat installation path.
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INTERCOM
The InterCom system allows the exchange of data between different TRACE32 systems. The exchange can
be based on TCP/IP or, if not possible, through files on a network drive. The destination system is defined by
an InterCom name. This name is either the name and port number of a UDP port used by this TRACE32
system or a file name. Using TCP/IP for communication is preferred. This requires an entry in the 'config.t32'
file of any participating TRACE32 system:
IC=NETASSIST
PORT=20001
...
NOTE:
If multiple TRACE32 systems are used on one host, the port numbers must differ!
The following example uses TCP/IP for the cross tracking:
emulator 1
emulator 2
Analyzer.XTrack ste:20002
Analyzer.XTrack ste:20001
When multiple (PODBUS) systems are connected to ONE system controller, it is possible to select the
different systems with an extended intercom address:
debugger 1 (100)
debugger 2 (010)
SYnch.Connect ste:20000.010
SYnch.Connect ste:20000.100
INTERCOM.Evaluate
Evaluates INTERCOM
INTERCOM.execute
Remote execute command line
INTERCOM.PING
Test 'InterCom' system
INTERCOM.PipeCLOSE
Close named pipe
INTERCOM.PipeOPEN
Open named pipe
INTERCOM.PipeREAD
Read from named pipe
INTERCOM.PipeWRITE
Write to named pipe
TargetSystem.state
Show overview of multi-core system
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Version Management and Licensing
The VERSION.view window provides information about the TRACE32 software version and licenses as well
as TRACE32 hardware and environment information.
1.
To open the VERSION.view window, choose Help menu > About TRACE32.
2.
For details, click the more buttons.
For more information on finding serial numbers, see ”Serial Numbers” (updates.pdf).
For more information on using license numbers, see ”The LICENSE Command” (updates.pdf).
The following commands are described in the ”IDE Reference Guide” (ide_ref.pdf).
VERSION.HARDWARE
Displays the version of the used debug hardware
VERSION.SOFTWARE
Displays detailed information about the used TRACE32
software
VERSION.view
Displays window with version info
LICENSE.state
Displays the currently used maintenance contract
LICENSE.List
Displays all license information
LICENSE.UPDATE
Updates the maintenance contract inside a debug cable
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Version Management and Licensing
Editing
The TRACE32 editor is primarily used to generate short files. The editor can handle multiple files in separate
windows. Access to the same file is possible through multiple windows.
EDIT config.t32
; edit one file
EDIT *.c
; edit one file with previous select
; menu
EDIT test.txt
EDIT test.txt
; open file and edit
; make new window for the same file
EDIT.CLOSE
Close a text file
EDIT.List
List editor files
EDIT.LOAD
Load text files
EDIT.OPEN
Open a text file for editing
EDIT.QUIT
Discard modifications
EDIT.SAVE
Store a text file
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Editing
Icons
TRACE32 allows you to customize the user interface and add icons to your customized user interface. This
chapter informs you about the supported icon types, tells you where you can add icons, and describes stepby-step how you can create your own icons.
TRACE32 supports two icon types:
•
Built-in icons
•
User-defined icons
Both icon types can be added to the following dialog, menu, and toolbar elements:
BUTTON
Define a button
DEFBUTTON
Define the default button
DYNAMIC
Define a dynamic, single-line area
ICON
Define an icon for the top left corner of a dialog
MENUITEM
Define an item in a menu, popup menu or a local button
STATIC
Define a non-dynamic area in a dialog
TOOLITEM
Define a button in the toolbar
Icon-capable elements can be used in the following TRACE32 file types:
•
PRACTICE script files (*.cmm)
•
Menu files (*.men)
•
Dialog files (*.dlg)
Which Icon Type Do You Need for Your Project?
You can choose built-in icons from the icon library. For more information, see “Built-in Icons and Icon
Library”, page 107.
You can create your own, user-defined icons with the TRACE32 bitmap editor. For step-by-step instructions,
see “Inserting a Placeholder for User-Defined Icons”, page 108.
BITMAPEDIT <file>
Open the bitmap editor
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Built-in Icons and Icon Library
TRACE32 provides a number of built-in icons. You can easily include these built-in icons in icon-capable
dialog, menu, and toolbar elements. Using the TRACE32 icon library, you can:
•
Get an overview of all available icons
•
Get the built-in name of each icon
To display the TRACE32 icon library:
1.
Choose Misc menu > Tools > Display internal icon library.
DO "~~/demo/menu/internal_icons.cmm"
2.
Click any icon.
The built-in icon name is displayed in the Icon name field.
3.
Observe this syntax for built-in icons: "[:<built_in_icon_name>]<your_text>"
DIALOG.view
(; Assigns the icon to BUTTON
BUTTON "[:var]Any text" "Var.View"
)
STOP
DIALOG.END
To try this script, simply copy it to a test.cmm file, and then run it in TRACE32 (See “How to...”).
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Inserting a Placeholder for User-Defined Icons
Icon-capable dialog, menu, and toolbar elements require an icon placeholder in the form of two square
brackets [].
To insert an icon placeholder for a user-defined icon:
1.
In TRACE32, open the file where you want to add an icon, e.g.:
PEDIT ~~/demo/practice/dialogs/dialog_edit.cmm ;PRACTICE script file
;or
MENU.Program ~~/demo/menu/demo.men
;menu file
;or
DIALOG.Program <your_file>.dlg
;dialog file
2.
Observe this syntax for the icon placeholder: "[]<your_text>"
Examples:
;DIALOG element (*.dlg or *.cmm file)
BUTTON
"Cancel"
"GOTO cancel"
BUTTON
"[]Cancel" "GOTO cancel"
;MENU element
(*.men file)
MENUITEM "Edit .c File..."
"EDIT *.c"
MENUITEM "[]Edit .c File..." "EDIT *.c"
3.
Click Save.
Next: “Drawing Icons”, page 109.
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Drawing Icons
After inserting the icon placeholders (see previous section), you can open the file in the BITMAPEDIT
window and draw an icon on the canvas.
A
A
B
E
A
C
D
A Opens the Preview Icon window.
B Bitmap format (For more information, see the BITMAPEDIT command.)
C Assign a color to a mouse button by clicking a color in the palette with that mouse button.
D The source code of an icon is inserted between the corresponding icon placeholder [] while you are
drawing the icon.
E Up and down arrow buttons let you navigate from one icon or icon placeholder to the next.
To draw an icon:
1.
Open your file in two TRACE32 editor windows.
-
The first editor window contains the source code of your project.
-
The second editor window, i.e. the BITMATEDIT window, provides the icon drawing tools.
Example:
PEDIT
~~/demo/practice/dialogs/dialog_edit.cmm
BITMAPEDIT ~~/demo/practice/dialogs/dialog_edit.cmm
MENU.Program ~~/demo/menu/demo.men
BITMAPEDIT
~~/demo/menu/demo.men
DIALOG.Program <file>.dlg
BITMAPEDIT
<file>.dlg
;1.
;2.
;or
;1.
;2.
;or
;1.
;2.
editor
editor
editor
editor
editor
editor
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Icons
The same file should now be open in two TRACE32 editor windows.
2.
In the BITMAPEDIT window, under Bitmap, click the up and down arrow to navigate to the icon
placeholder you want [E].
3.
From the color palette, choose the colors you want, and draw an icon.
4.
When done, click Save.
5.
Click in the window of the first editor: the PEDIT window or the MENU.Program window or the
DIALOG.Program window. You are prompted to reload the file.
6.
Click Yes to reload.
You are now ready to execute the file to view the finished icon.
•
In the PEDIT window, click DO.
•
In the MENU.Program window, click Compile.
•
In the DIALOG.Program window, click Comp+Show.
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Interface
For more information about the configuration of the interface, see ”TRACE32 Installation Guide”
(installation.pdf). Commands are described in the ”IDE Reference Guide” (ide_ref.pdf).
IFCONFIG.state
Interface configuration
IFCONFIG.TEST
Test interface function and speed
IFCONFIG.PROfile
Display operation profiles
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Interface
Shortcuts
ALT+ Spacebar
Opens the window manager menu of the active window.
•
Available for the TRACE32 window modes FDI and MTI.
•
If the TRACE32 window mode is MDI, then the ALT+spacebar shortcut works only for windows
preceded by the WinExt pre-command, e.g. WinExt.Register.view or WinExt.List
Alt+F4
•
Closes the TRACE32 main window if no WinExt.<window> is selected.
•
Closes the active WinExt.<window>. See also esc key.
Ctrl+F
Opens the Find dialog. TRACE32 searches in the active window.
Ctrl+F4
Closes the active window (i.e. windows without the WinExt. pre-command).
See also esc key.
Ctrl+F6
Selects the next window (i.e. windows without the WinExt. pre-command).
Ctrl+S
Saves a file, e.g. a *.cmm file in the PRACTICE script editor PEDIT.
Ctrl+Z
Undo (in the PRACTICE script editor).
Ctrl+D and Ctrl+E
Ctrl+D disables the selected breakpoint.
Ctrl+E enables the selected breakpoint.
esc
Closes the active window - regardless of whether the active window is preceded by the WinExt. precommand or not.
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Shortcuts
F1
•
To get context-sensitive help on a window or dialog, click the window or dialog, and then press
F1.
•
To get context-sensitive help for a command, type the command at the command line, append an
empty space, and then press F1.
F2
Single step
F3
Step over function call or subroutines
F4
Step Diverge Path: Leave loops, go till something new happens.
F5
Go return / Go to the last instruction
F6
Go up / return to the caller function
F7
Go / Start real-time execution
F8
Break / Stop real-time execution
F9
Toggle between the debug modes HLL and MIX
Up and down
arrow keys
Go up / down in the command line history.
Shift+Tab
Navigate back through the softkeys of a command group:
1.
At the command line, type for example: Data.LOAD.
2.
Press Shift+Tab to navigate back through the softkeys.
(Alternatively, click
.)
Tab and Tab Completion for Commands
(A) Navigate forward through the softkeys of a command group:
1.
At the command line, type for example: Data.
2.
Press Tab repeatedly to navigate forward through the softkeys.
(Alternatively, click
.)
(B) Access the list of PRACTICE functions:
1.
At the command line, type: PRINT or Data.Print
2.
Type the first few letters of the PRACTICE function you want, e.g. ad
3.
Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of matching PRACTICE functions.
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
113
Shortcuts
(C) Cycle through the list of symbols:
1.
At the command line, type for example: List.Mix
2.
Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of recently used symbols.
-
Type the first few letters of the symbol you want.
-
Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of matching symbols.
(D) Complete a command:
•
At the command line, type for example symb and then press Tab.
TRACE32 completes symb to the command sYmbol
(E) Display suggestions for completing a command:
1.
At the command line, type for example tr and then press Tab.
TRACE32 suggests TrBus | TrOnchip | Trace | TRANSlation
2.
Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of matching commands.
©1989-2017 Lauterbach GmbH
IDE User’s Guide
114
Shortcuts