iStopmotion First we start iStopmotion by clicking the camera icon. The program next to it is Dragon an advanced stop motion program This window appears where we choose the size and frame rate. Use the setting shown for Widescreen 16:9 High Definition video. If your film is going to be 4:3 ratio, like on older televisions, click the Camera icon which will use 960 for the height. It is always best to record in the highest quality you can, in case you need it later. The Frame rate is 25fps if you are making a DVD. I sometimes use 12fps. You should see your work, if not select the camera like this: Now put your artwork on the rostrum and adjust the camera height so it fits in the window on the screen. Adjust the focus and aperture on the camera till you are happy, we adjust the colours in the next step. Next we need to change the video settings. If your image looks fine you can skip this step. Never think you can easily just change it later. It is always best to get it right “in camera.” Adjusting the video settings is the most difficult and important step. Select Adjustments and Color: Gamma is the brightness of the midtones. White Balance U adds blue to the left and yellow to the right. White Balance U adds red to the left and green to the right. Hue changes the colours in the image, moving through the rainbow. Saturation is how much colour there is, move to the left for black and white. Brightness should be left in the middle we can change this on the camera. Gain boosts the video image making it noisy, leave at lowest setting. Shutter should be between 10 - 30. Exposure is changed on the camera. On the right hand side of the screen there are sliders which control whether we see an overlay of previous frames. I prefer to keep the preview overlay in the middle, as shown, so we can see a mix of the live picture and the last frame. You can have the frames blink on and off to help in lining the next shot up. This can be annoying after a while but you may prefer to use it. The Onion Skinning slider allows many frames to be overlaid on the live one which can help. The Frame Overlay button opens an options window where we can choose to show guides. The Action Safe Areas shows a guide to keep our action where it will be seen as the edges of the frame are cropped by some screens. Title Safe is used as some screens have curved edges which distort the text. The Aspect Ratio is useful if we record at 4:3 and need to make a 16:9 widescreen version as well. There are buttons for recording a frame, playing your movie back and moving back and forth just above the timeline. Here we can see the figures being moved to the right with the previous frame shown as a preview overlay. Sound can be imported from the file menu. It appears in the timeline where is can be played by clicking and holding the mouse. Move the mouse over the timeline as shown to see the frames and click on a frame to edit. Export your movie from the file menu.