Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Copyright and Trademarks
Copyright © 2003-2007 Epygi Technologies, Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Quadro is a registered trademark of Epygi Technologies, Ltd. Microsoft, Windows, and the Windows logo are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other
trademarks and brand names are the property of their respective proprietors.
Limited Warranty
Epygi Technologies, Ltd. (‘Epygi’) warrants to the original end-user purchaser every Quadro to be free from physical defects in material and workmanship under normal use for a period of one (1) year from the date of purchase (proof of purchase required) or two (2) years from the date of purchase (proof of purchase required) for products purchased in the
European Union (EU). If Epygi receives notice of such defects, Epygi will, at its discretion, either repair or replace products that prove to be defective.
This warranty shall not apply to defects caused by (i) failure to follow Epygi’s installation, operation or maintenance instructions; (ii) external power sources such as a power line, telephone line, or connected equipment; (iii) products that
have been serviced or modified by a party other than Epygi or an authorized Epygi service center; (iv) products that have
had their original manufacturer’s serial numbers altered, defaced, or deleted.
In no event shall Epygi’s liability exceed the price paid for the product from direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from the use of the product, its accompanying software, or its documentation. Epygi offers no
refunds for its products. Epygi makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its
products or the contents or use of this documentation and all accompanying software, and specifically disclaims its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose.
Return Policy
If the product proves to be defective during this warranty period, call Epygi Customer Support at (972) 692-1166 to obtain
a Return Material Authorization (RMA) Number. Registered users also may access Epygi’s Technical Support
(www.epygi.com; ‘Support’) to send their RMA request. For Brazil representatives, call (21) 2518-3161 or contact via Web
(www.saga.com.br). Please have your proof of purchase on hand when contacting us. When returning a product, mark
the Return Authorization Number clearly on the outside of the package and include your original proof of purchase. Return
requests cannot be processed without proof of purchase. Customers are responsible for shipping and handling charges
when shipping to Epygi.
Epygi or its service center will use commercially reasonable efforts to ship a replacement product within ten (10) working
days after receipt of the returned product. Actual delivery times may vary depending on customer location.
Epygi reserves the right to revise or update its products, pricing, software, or documentation without obligation to notify
any individual or entity. Please direct all inquiries to:
Epygi Technologies, Ltd., Two Legacy Town Center, 6900 North Dallas Parkway, Suite 850, Plano, Texas 75024
Representative in Brazil - Saga Sistemas e Computadores SA, Av. Rio Branco, 18 - 8 andar, Rio de Janeiro 20090-001
Notice to Users
This Installation Guide, in whole or in part, may not be reproduced, translated, or reduced to any machine-readable form
without prior written approval.
Epygi provides no warranty with regard to this Installation Guide or other information contained herein and hereby expressly disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose in regard to this manual or
other such information. In no event shall Epygi be liable for any incidental, consequential, or special damages, whether
based on tort, contract, or otherwise, arising out of or in connection with this manual or other information contained herein
or the use thereof.
FCC Statement (Part 15) Class B
The Epygi Quadro2x, Quadro2xi, Quadro4x, and Quadro4xi have been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which is found by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the device.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a different circuit from the receiver.
• Consult a dealer or an experienced Radio/TV technician for assistance.
You are cautioned that any change or modification to the equipment not expressly approved by the manufacturer could
void the user’s authority to operate this device.
FCC Statement (Part 15) Class A
• The Epygi Quadro16x has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class A digital device, pursuant to
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in
a commercial installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which is found by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the aforementioned measures.
You are cautioned that any change or modification to the equipment not expressly approved by the manufacturer could
void the user’s authority to operate this device.
Quadro2x, 2xi; Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa; Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Administrative Council for Terminal Attachments (ACTA) Customer Information
This equipment complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules and the requirements adopted by the ACTA. On the back of this
equipment is a label that contains, among other information, a product identifier in the format US:AAAEQ###TXXXX,
made out to HX7OT00BHX70100. If requested, this number must be provided to the telephone company.
Any plug or jack that is used to connect this equipment to the premises wiring and telephone network must comply with
the applicable FCC Part 68 rules and requirements adopted by the ATCA.
The Ringer Equivalence Number is an indicator of the maximum number of devices allowed for connection to a telephone
interface. The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirements that
the sum of the RENs of all the devices does not exceed five. Excessive RENs on a telephone line may result in the devices not ringing in response to an incoming line. The REN for this product is part of the product identifier that has the
format US:AAAEQ###TXXX, made out to HX7OT00BHX70100. The digits represented by ### are the REN without a
decimal point (in this case 00B is a REN of 0.0B.)
If the Quadro causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company will notify you in advance that a temporary
discontinuance of service may be required. But if advance notice isn’t practical, the telephone company will notify the customer as soon as possible. Also, you will be advised of your right to file a complaint with the FCC if you believe it is necessary.
The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations or procedures that could affect the operation of the equipment. If this happens, the telephone company will provide advance notice for you to make the necessary modifications to maintain uninterrupted service.
Connection to a party line service is subject to state tariffs. Contact the state public utility commission, public service commission or the corporation commission for information.
If your home has specially wired alarm equipment connected to the telephone line, ensure the installation of the Quadro
does not disable your alarm equipment. If you have any questions about what will disable alarm equipment, consult your
telephone company or a qualified installer.
Electrical Safety Advisory
To reduce the risk of damaging power surges, we recommend you install an AC surge arrestor in the AC outlet from which
the Quadro is powered.
Industry Canada Statement
This product meets the applicable Industry Canada technical specifications.
Safety Information
Before using the Quadro, please review and ensure the following safety instructions are adhered to:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
To prevent fire or shock hazard, do not expose your Quadro to rain or moisture.
To avoid electrical shock, do not open the Quadro. Refer servicing to qualified personnel only.
Never install wiring during a lightning storm.
Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specified for wet locations.
Never touch uninsulated telephone wire or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface.
Use caution when installing or modifying cable or telephone lines.
Avoid using your Quadro during an electrical storm.
Do not use your Quadro or telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
An electrical outlet should be as close as possible to the unit and easily accessible.
Emergency Services
The Quadro SIP Service is intended to function as a secondary telephone service. This services is made available
through the Internet and therefore is dependent upon a constant source of electricity and network availability. If a power
outage occurs, the Quadro SIP Service automatically will be disabled. User understands in the event of a power or network outage, the Quadro SIP Service will not support 911 emergency services, and further, such services only will be
available via the user's regular telephone line that is not connected to the Quadro. User further acknowledges that any interruption in the supply or delivery of electricity or network availability is beyond Epygi's control and Epygi shall have no
responsibility for losses arising from such interruption.
Quadro2x, 2xi; Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa; Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Table of Contents
Manual I: Installation Guide
About This Installation Guide ........................................................ 6
Requirements............................................................................. 8
Hardware Overview..................................................................... 9
The Connectors Panel of Quadro2x, 4x and 16x.........................................9
The Connectors Panels of Quadro2xi, 4xi and 16xi ................................... 11
The Connectors Panels of Quadro4xa ..................................................... 12
Quadro’s Front Panel LEDs.................................................................... 13
Step 1: Installing the Quadro ..................................................... 15
Networking Overview ........................................................................... 15
LAN/WAN Connection Options ............................................................... 16
Connecting the Hardware ..................................................................... 18
Step 2: Configuring the Quadro .................................................. 20
Step 2.1: Logging in to Quadro ............................................................. 21
Step 2.2: System Configuration Wizard .................................................. 22
System Configuration .....................................................................................22
DHCP Settings for the LAN Interface .................................................................23
Regional Settings...........................................................................................23
Emergency and PSTN Access Code Settings .......................................................24
Finishing the System Configuration Wizard ........................................................25
Step 2.3: Internet Configuration Wizard ................................................. 27
Uplink Configuration .......................................................................................28
WAN IP Configuration .....................................................................................29
PPP/PPTP Configuration...................................................................................30
WAN Interface Configuration ...........................................................................31
DNS Settings ................................................................................................31
Finishing the Internet Configuration Wizard........................................................32
Step 2.4: Firewall Configuration ............................................................ 33
Step 2-A: Using IP Lines ............................................................ 34
Supported SIP Phones.......................................................................... 36
Step 2-B: Using Receptionist ...................................................... 37
Step 2-C: Using ISDN Lines........................................................ 37
Step 2-D: Using an ADSL or G.SHDSL Uplink ................................ 40
Uplink Configuration Page..................................................................... 40
PPP/PPTP Configuration ........................................................................ 40
WAN Interface Configuration Page ......................................................... 42
Step 3: Registering on Epygi’s Technical Support........................... 43
Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls ................................................... 44
Using the Default SIP Addresses............................................................ 44
Appendix: PC DHCP Settings ...................................................... 46
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Appendix: Changing the Admin Password ..................................... 48
Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal ........................................... 49
Appendix: Registering on Epygi’s SIP Server................................. 51
Appendix: Checking the Connections ........................................... 55
Manual II: see Administrator's Guide
This guide describes in detail the menus available for administrators only. Furthermore, it includes all the system’s default values at a glance.
Manual III: see Extension User's Guide
This guide describes in detail the menus available for extension users. Furthermore, it includes all the call codes at a glance.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
About This Installation Guide
About This Installation Guide
This Installation Guide explains the installation of the Quadro IP PBXs of Quadro2x,
Quadro4x and Quadro16x series. The Quadro models differ both in their feature sets and
the number of phone lines and extensions that are supported:
• Quadro2x offers 1 phone line (FXO), 2 phone extensions (FXS) and 1 Ethernet WAN
port
• Quadro2xi
offers 1 phone line (ISDN), 2 phone extensions (FXS) and 1 Ethernet
WAN port
• Quadro4x
supports 2 phone lines (FXO), 4 phone extensions (FXS) and 1 Ethernet
WAN port - a special version of Quadro4x offers 2 additional FXO lines
• Quadro4xi
supports 1 phone line (ISDN), 4 phone extensions (FXS) and 1 Ethernet
WAN port - a special version of Quadro4xi offers 3 additional ISDN lines
• Quadro4xa
supports 2 phone lines (FXO), 4 phone extensions (FXS) and 1 ADSL
WAN port
• Quadro16x supports 4 phone lines (FXO), 16 phone extensions (FXS) and 1 Ethernet
WAN port
• Quadro16xi
supports 3 phone lines (ISDN), 16 phone extensions (FXS) and 1
Ethernet WAN port
The installation procedure for all Quadro IP PBXs is the same. Throughout this Installation
Guide, the standard edition of the Quadro4x with two FXO ports is shown as the reference
system.
This Installation Guide gives step-by-step instructions to provision the Quadro and configure the phone extensions with the Epygi SIP Server. After successfully configuring the
Quadro, a user will be able to make SIP phone calls to remote Quadro devices, make local
calls to the PSTN and access the Internet from devices connected to the LAN.
This Installation Guide neither describes the PBX, Auto Attendant, Call Relay, and Voice
Mail features of the Quadro nor does it provide advanced firewall and VPN configuration information. For these features, refer to the Administrator's and Extension User's Guides.
Step 1: Installing the Quadro explains the connection of cables and devices to the
Quadro.
Step 2: Configuring the Quadro describes the configuration steps necessary to integrate
the Quadro into your network environment.
Step 2-A: Using IP Lines explains how to configure IP lines on the Quadro IP PBX and to
connect IP phones to become functional in the Quadro’s LAN.
Step 2-B: Using Receptionist refers to the document describing Receptionist’s configuration on the Quadro.
Step 2-C: Using ISDN Lines explains how to configure ISDN trunks and to define a default outgoing MSN.
Step 2-D: Using an ADSL or G.SHDSL Uplink explains the additional WAN specifications
needed if using a Quadro IP PBX with an ADSL Internet Uplink.
Step 3: Registering on Epygi’s Technical Support shows you how to access the Epygi
Technical Support Center and the Epygi SIP Server.
Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls explains how to enable the Quadro’s various telephony
features.
Appendix: PC DHCP Settings explains how to configure your PC to access the Quadro
Configuration GUI.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
6
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
About This Installation Guide
Appendix: Changing the Admin Password explains how to change the default administrator password.
Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal explains configuration of the Quadro if it is placed
behind a NAT enabled router.
Appendix: Registering on Epygi’s SIP Server explains how to register on Epygi's powerful
SIP server.
Appendix: Checking the Connections gives hints on solving common problems.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
7
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Requirements
Requirements
•
•
One 120/240 VAC power outlet in close proximity to the Quadro.
•
At least one RJ11 telephone connection is recommended to connect the Quadro to
the PSTN network (all Quadro IP PBXs with FXO ports). For ISDN Quadros an RJ45
CAT 5 cable is needed to connect Quadro to ISDN.
•
•
•
•
•
At least one off-the-shelf analog phone with an RJ11 telephone cable.
One RJ45 Ethernet 10/100 broadband Internet connection, an ADSL Internet connection or a G.SHDSL Internet connection.
One CAT 5 Ethernet cable with an RJ45 connector to connect to the Quadro LAN port.
One PC with a 10/100 Mbps Ethernet card or adapter installed.
TCP/IP network protocol installed on each PC.
For optimal results, Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher, or Netscape Navigator 4.7 or
higher are recommended.
Please Note: All Quadro IP PBXs are shipped with one RJ11 cable and one straight RJ45
CAT 5 cable. If the LAN connector of the Quadro connects to a hub or switch, a crossover
cable may be required.
Other cables are added according to the different connectivity requirements of the Quadro
IP PBX types.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
8
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Hardware Overview
Hardware Overview
The Connectors Panel of Quadro2x, 4x and 16x
The illustration below includes the connectors panel of regular Quadro models in plastic
enclosure.
Fig. I-1: Regular Quadro's Connectors Panels in plastic enclosure
The illustration below includes the connectors panel of regular Quadro models in rack
mountable enclosure.
Fig. I-2: Regular Quadro's Connectors Panels in rack mountable enclosure
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
9
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Hardware Overview
Power supply socket. Use only the power adapter delivered with the Quadro.
LINE sockets to connect the Quadro to the PSTN network using standard analog
phone service. These are FXO (Foreign Exchange Office) analog ports.
In the event of a power failure, PHONE 1 is connected to LINE 1, allowing the phone
to send/receive phone calls directly to the PSTN network. PHONE 1 is powered by
the PSTN.
Please Note: Only LINE 1 is connected to PHONE 1 during a power failure. The
other LINE and PHONE ports are not connected together.
PHONE sockets with RJ11 connectors enable connectivity of regular analog telephones. These are FXS (Foreign Exchange Station) analog ports. As a factory default, the phones connected to PHONE sockets 1-3 (1-2 for Quadro2x) are configured
as voice extensions. PHONE socket 4 is preconfigured for a fax machine.
RJ45 socket to attach to the Local Area Network (LAN) via an Ethernet CAT 5 cable.
If a PC is connected directly to this socket, a straight cable is used. If an Ethernet
hub, router or switch is used; a crossover cable may be required.
RJ45 socket to attach the Internet Uplink (WAN) via an Ethernet CAT 5 cable.
The USB socket enables connectivity of USB flash memory providing expansion for
additional voice mails and record data. Refer to the Administrator’s Guide for supported devices.
The Reset button may be used in two ways: (1) to initiate a normal reset or (2) to
carry out a factory reset. A normal reset is executed by pressing the Reset button
with a paper clip for an instant.
Pressing the reset button and holding it down for seven seconds or more will execute
a factory reset. This will restore the factory defaults and clear all settings including
the IP address and the administration password you entered.
Please Note: A Factory Reset forces the default LAN IP address of 172.30.0.1 and
default admin password of 19.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
10
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Hardware Overview
The Connectors Panels of Quadro2xi, 4xi and 16xi
The illustration below includes the connectors panel of ISDN flavored Quadro models in
plastic enclosure.
Fig. I-3: ISDN/Ethernet flavored Quadro's Connectors Panels in plastic enclosure
The illustration below includes the connectors panel of ISDN flavored Quadro models in
rack mountable enclosure.
Fig. I-4: ISDN/Ethernet flavored Quadro's Connectors Panels in rack mountable enclosure
9
RJ45 socket(s) to connect the Quadro to the ISDN-PSTN network using a digital
phone service.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
11
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Hardware Overview
The Connectors Panels of Quadro4xa
The illustration below includes the connectors panel of ADSL flavored Quadro models in
plastic enclosure.
Fig. I-5: FXO/ADSL flavored Quadro's Connectors Panel in plastic enclosure
10 RJ11 socket to connect the Quadro via ADSL to the Internet.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
12
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Hardware Overview
Quadro’s Front Panel LEDs
Fig. I-6:Quadro's Front Panel LEDs
Busy
green
Status of CPU
off: no power
on or blinking: normal activity
2
Info
yellow
System information
on: device is booting
off: no information
blinking: an event occurred; details specified in the System
Event section of the Management interface
3
Fault
red
System status
on either an error or the device is booting
off: no error
blinking: system unusable
USB
green
Status of the USB interface
on: USB memory device installed correctly
off: no USB memory device found
(Quaro2x: not used)
PWR (Quadro2x only)
green
Status of the power supply
on: power supply ok
off: no power supply or device is still booting
(Quadro2x only)
5
LAN
green
Status of the LAN interface
on: link ok
off: no link
flickering: traffic on the link
6
WAN
green
Status of the WAN interface
on: link ok
off: no link
flickering: traffic on the link
(all Quadro IP PBXs except ADSL flavor)
1
4
7
8
Line1
green
Line2
green
Status of the:
FXO LINE (Quadro2x)
FXO LINE 1 (Quadro4x, 4xa)
FXO LINE 1 or 2 (Quadro16x, 4x special edition)
on: line in use
off: line not in use
Status of ISDN
(Quadro2xi, 4xi, 4xa, 16xi)
on: one or more (but not all) channels are busy
off: all channels are free
flickering: at least one of the started trunks is disconnected
Status of the:
FXO LINE 2 (Quadro4x, 4xa)
FXO LINE 3 or 4 (Quadro16x, 4x special edition)
(Quadro2x: not used)
on: line in use
off: line not in use
Status of ISDN
(Quadro2xi, 4xi, 4xa, 16xi)
on: all channels are busy
off: free channels available
flickering: at least one of the started trunks is disconnected
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
13
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Hardware Overview
LED indication during a firmware update
A firmware update is indicated by the red (Fault) and yellow (Info) LEDs. Both will blink simultaneously for about two minutes while the firmware is being updated. The Quadro will
then reboot automatically showing the boot LED sequence.
LED indication during a boot sequence
A boot sequence is indicated as follows: The red Fault LED will glow for a few seconds,
then the yellow Info LED will glow for another four or five minutes while the green Busy
LED is blinking. Once the Info LED is off, the boot sequence has been completed successfully.
LED indication during emergency firmware upload
The red Fault LED and the yellow Busy LEDs will stop blinking alternately and start blinking in parallel. This shows that Quadro has accepted the emergency firmware and is loading it. After a few seconds, Quadro will boot, indicated as follows: The red Fault LED will
glow for a few seconds, then the yellow Info LED will glow for another few seconds while
the green Busy LED is jittering. When the yellow Info LED extinguishes, the boot sequence has been completed successfully.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
14
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Step 1: Installing the Quadro
Step 1: Installing the Quadro
Networking Overview
To establish a connection between the Internet and your local area network (LAN), an access router is needed. The Quadro IP PBX serves, among other functions, as an access
router, and will perform the task of connecting your LAN, or a group of one or more PCs, to
the wide area network (WAN) or the Internet. The Quadro will process and regulate the
data traffic between these two networks. All Quadro IP PBXs have one LAN port that can
connect to Ethernet hubs and switches on the LAN, allowing additional devices to be connected to the network.
The Quadro is a device with two sides: one side connects to your LAN, and the other side
connects to the Internet, or the WAN. Quadro’s firewall and Network Address Translation
(NAT) functionality protects your LAN from being seen from the Internet side making the
LAN private and secure.
The Ethernet WAN port transmits up to 10 Mbps, and the LAN port transmits at 10 Mbps or
100 Mbps. The ADSL and G.SHDSL WAN port will adjust to the transmission rates that are
available.
Every device within an IP network requires a unique IP address to identify itself. Since the
Quadro connects to both the LAN and the WAN, it has to be part of both networks, and
must have two IP addresses: one for the WAN side and one for the LAN side. The
Quadro’s integrated firewall/NAT functionality will hide the LAN IP address from the WAN
(Internet) side.
There are two ways of assigning an IP address: statically or dynamically.
A Static IP address is a fixed, manually assigned IP address that remains valid until
changed. If you plan to use the Quadro as your Internet access router, contact your Internet
Service Provider (ISP) to find out if a static IP address is assigned to your account. If so,
you will need this static IP address when configuring the Quadro device.
A dynamic IP address is a temporary address that is automatically assigned by your ISP
and will change periodically. If your ISP offers a dynamic IP address, the Quadro will act as
a DHCP client and will receive a new IP address from the ISP’s DHCP server or PPPoE
feature.
Please Note: A DHCP client is a piece of software that requests an IP address from a
DHCP server. A DHCP server assigns on request a unique IP address to a device. The
Quadro, like many routers, acts as a DHCP client on its WAN interface and as a DHCP
server on its LAN interface.
The Quadro must be visible to the Internet to be able to receive and send VoIP calls. When
the Quadro is placed in a private network, typically behind existing routers, it will by default
attempt to pass through the NAT of this router with its STUN (Simple Traversal of UDP over
NAT) feature. STUN will work without user configuration with the majority of basic routers.
In some scenarios, port forwarding on the router is required to make the Quadro accessible
to other Quadro devices and the Epygi SIP Server on the Internet. Another configuration
option is to use the Quadro as the Internet access router, connected directly to the WAN,
eliminating the traverse to the local NAT firewall.
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
15
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Step 1: Installing the Quadro
LAN/WAN Connection Options
•
A Quadro IP PBX with an Ethernet WAN port behind a router, which is connected
to a cable or xDSL modem.
Fig. I-7: Configuration: Quadro behind a router
In this configuration (Fig.I-7), the IP router typically acts as a DHCP server for the LAN and
assigns the IP addresses to the PCs and other devices. The Quadro can be connected
through its WAN port directly to one of the router's LAN ports and will get an IP address
from the router. By default, the Quadro acts as a DHCP client on the WAN port.
Please Note: Since Quadro uses STUN by default, it will work with most basic
routers without any further configuration.
Please Note: Initially, the Admin PC must be connected to the Quadro LAN port to access
Web Management of the Quadro. Later, this PC can be moved to the router’s LAN. The
Quadro Web Management can be accessed from any PC in the router’s LAN as soon as
the firewall is disabled on the Quadro.
•
A Quadro IP PBX used as an Internet Access Router, connected directly to
the Internet
Fig. I-8: Configuration: Quadro used as Internet Access Router
Quadro2x, 2xi, Quadro4x, 4xi, 4xa, Quadro16x, 16xi; (SW Version 4.1.x)
16
Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Step 1: Installing the Quadro
Please Note: The Admin PC is connected to the Quadro LAN port to access the Web
Management of the Quadro. After the initial configuration has been completed, this PC can
then be moved to the LAN and connect to the Quadro over a switch (see Fig.I-7). You also
may reach the Quadro for its first configuration from an Admin PC within the LAN, but this
may cause collisions in case of non-fitting IP addresses and competing DHCP servers.
Fig. I-9: Configuration: Quadro used as Internet Access Router with a switch connected to the LAN port
If the user already operates a router connected to the cable or DSL modem and has devices behind the router, the router is disconnected from the modem and the Quadro is inserted between the modem and the router (see Fig.I-9). The Quadro serves as an Internet
access router and DHCP server. The Quadro will be configured to connect directly to the
Internet through a cable or DSL modem. The router then is connected to the Quadro LAN
port.
Fig. I-10: Configuration: Quadro used as Internet Access Router with a router connected to the LAN port
Please Note: If there are services configured behind the existing router such as Web or
gaming servers, these services also must be configured through the Quadro firewall for
proper operation. Refer to the Administrator’s Guide for more information.
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Step 1: Installing the Quadro
Connecting the Hardware
•
Quadro4x behind a router
Quadro2x and Quadro16x are connected accordingly.
Fig. I-11: Installation: Quadro4x behind a router
•
Quadro4x used as Internet access router
Quadro2x and Quadro16x are connected accordingly.
Fig. I-12: Installation: Quadro4x used as an Internet Access Router
•
Quadro4xi used as Internet access router
All Quadro ISDN IP PBXs are connected accordingly. They also may be connected with its Ethernet WAN port to a router (see Fig.I-9) and additionally, the
ISDN ports of all Quadro devices may be joined to a PBX with ISDN interfaces.
Fig. I-13: Installation: Quadro4xi used as an Internet Access Router
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Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
•
Step 1: Installing the Quadro
Quadro4xa used as Internet access router
All Quadro IP PBXs using ADSL or G.SHDSL as their Internet uplink are connected accordingly in the Fig.I-12.
Fig. I-14: Installation: Quadro4xa used as Internet Access Router
•
Verify the product package contents are complete. Refer to the contents sheet included
in the packaging to determine if all the items were shipped in the box.
•
•
Before you connect the hardware, make sure that all devices are powered off.
•
Connect at least one of Quadro's LINE (FXO) ports to the telephone service from the
PSTN. The Quadro2x offers connectivity of one line, Quadro4x offers two lines, and the
Quadro16x offers four lines. If you use a Quadro4xi, connect the Quadro's ISDN port to
the digital telephone service (or to an ISDN port of a PBX).
Please Note: If your Internet connection is a DSL modem, you may need to use a micro filter between the FXO LINE port and the phone line. Micro filters are typically provided by your ISP but are also available at most computer stores. If a micro filter is already installed, simply connect the RJ11 from the existing phone to the Quadro FXO
port leaving the micro filter connection as is.
•
Connect the Ethernet port on your PC via a straight CAT 5 cable with an RJ45 connector to the LAN socket of the Quadro. If a hub or switch is connected between the
Quadro and your PC, use a crossover cable from the LAN interface of the Quadro to
the hub/switch.
•
•
•
Connect the WAN port of the Quadro to the Internet service via a cable or DSL modem.
•
Power up any hub or switch followed by any PC and other devices on the LAN side.
Please Note: The PC must be configured for DHCP to receive an IP address directly
from the Quadro. Refer to Appendix: PC DHCP Settings for instructions on setting up a
PC for DHCP operation.
•
Check the LEDs: The green Busy LED must glow continuously. The green LAN and
WAN LEDs will blink when cables are connected to these ports and all devices are
powered up. If the green LAN and WAN LEDs do not blink, verify cabling and ensure
that all devices are powered up.
Please Note: CAT 5 cables can be faulty without any visual indication. The LAN and
WAN LEDs verify that the Ethernet connection is established between the end points. If
these LEDs are not illuminated, there is a connection problem between the Quadro and
the other device. Some modems, hubs, switches and routers will require the use of
crossover cables.
Connect telephones to the PHONE ports on the Quadro’s rear panel. You may connect
as many phones as there PHONE sockets available. PHONE socket 1 must be connected to a telephone to enable lifeline support functionality.
Power up the DSL or Cable modem first.
Connect the power adapter to the POWER port on the Quadro’s rear panel and plug
the power adapter into a power outlet. Only use the original Quadro power adapter and
plug it into a power strip with surge protection or to a UPS if available.
The red LED (Fault) will glow for several seconds followed by the yellow LED (Info),
which will glow for several minutes. When Info LED is off, the Quadro is operational.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Quadro IP PBXs with Ethernet WAN uplink do not require further
configuration in two cases:
• The Quadro is connected behind a basic router that has no conflicts with the STUN protocol.
• The
Quadro is used as the Internet access router and your
ISP supports DHCP. There are no other router devices between
the Quadro and the DSL or cable modem and you get the IP address assigned automatically by the ISP.
Simply power up the modem. Once the modem is up and running (after a
few minutes) power up the Quadro.
Verify functionality of both IP and PSTN calls:
•
PSTN telephony: Make an outbound PSTN call and arrange to receive an incoming call. The incoming PSTN calls will be routed to the Auto Attendant by
default, and the caller has to enter a valid extension number, e.g., 11, followed
by the # sign to reach a phone connected to the first PHONE port of the
Quadro.
•
IP telephony: Dial 899# and you will hear a voice message that confirms you
have successfully established an IP call. If this call is not successful, go to
Appendix: Checking the Connections for troubleshooting.
You may customize the following settings by connecting the PC to Quadro's LAN port and
logging in to the Quadro’s Web Management:
•
Bandwidth - to regulate the number of calls allowed by the Quadro to avoid
degradation in low bandwidth conditions.
•
•
Time/Date - to ensure the correct time and time zone are used for call records.
•
Firewall - if your Quadro is connected behind a router with its own firewall service running, disable the firewall to make Quadro accessible for management
purposes.
Regional Settings - if your Quadro is located outside the United States, it is
important to properly configure your line connections to the PSTN in your location.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2.1: Logging in to Quadro
•
Start a browser (MS Internet Explorer, Netscape, Opera) on a PC connected to
the LAN port.
•
Enter http://172.30.0.1 (Quadro’s default LAN IP address) into the address
field.
•
The Login page of the Quadro will be displayed (see Fig.I-13).
Fig. I-15: Login page
Enter admin as the Username and 19 as the password to log in as the administrator. Once
you log in, you will enter into the Quadro Management Menu.
Please Note: If you consecutively enter a wrong password and/or username for five times
the device will be unavailable for login for five minutes.
After log in, the Quadro Management page will be displayed.
Fig. I-16: Quadro Management page
Please Note: The illustrations above and the following screenshots show the screens of a
Quadro4x. The management screens of the other Quadro IP PBXs differ only slightly,
therefore the Quadro4x management screens will be used as reference through this document.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2.2: System Configuration Wizard
Select the System Configuration Wizard from the System menu. The System Configuration Wizard is a tool for the administrator to define the Quadro's Local Area Network settings and to specify regional configuration settings to make Quadro operational in its LAN.
The System Configuration Wizard must be run upon Quadro first startup.
For the basic configuration, some pages in this wizard may be skipped and left default for
the basic configuration.
Please Note: It is strongly recommended that factory default settings are left unchanged if
their meanings are not completely understandable to the party administrating the Quadro.
System Configuration
The first page of System Configuration Wizard shows all items to be configured. Click the
Next button to start. Enter into the Host Name field the unique name (top right corner, under Epygi logo) for the Quadro device. The Domain Name text field requires the LAN side
domain name which the Quadro belongs to.
For a basic configuration, the LAN IP address does not need to be changed, but if you
must change it (for example, to integrate the device into an existing LAN), record the new
LAN IP address and have it handy. You’ll need it for subsequent access to Quadro’s management.
Please Note: The Host Name is very useful when many Quadro's are part of a network
and one administrator has remote access to all of them. All Quadro pages show the hostname on the top right corner under Epygi logo.
Fig. I-17: System Configuration page
Clicking Next shows the page DHCP Settings for the LAN Interface
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
DHCP Settings for the LAN Interface
If the DHCP server is enabled, the Quadro will automatically assign dynamic IP addresses
to the stations connected to its LAN port.
If you didn’t change the default LAN IP address of the Quadro, you also may leave the default values for the IP Address Range. Make sure your connected LAN devices belong to
the same network as the LAN port of your Quadro.
Please Note: Make sure there is only one DHCP server on the LAN, otherwise, unpredictable network behavior can occur.
Fig. I-18: DHCP Settings for the LAN Interface page
Click on Next to display the Regional Settings page.
Regional Settings
If your Quadro is located outside of the United States, it is important to properly configure
your line connections to the PSTN in your location.
Fig. I-19: Regional Settings page
Proper configuration of Regional Settings is important for the functionality of the voice subsystem. The Regional Settings determine the proper telephony parameters on the LINE
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Quadro Manual I: Installation Guide
Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
(ISDN) and PHONE ports of the Quadro for the specified country. Select the country where
the Quadro is located. If you do not find your country in the list, pick the closest in your
timezone.
The Quadro obtains the correct time automatically over the Internet from a time server. If
you are not located in the US/Central standard time zone, you will need to change the
Timezone to your region.
Click on Next to display the Emergency and PSTN Access Code Settings page.
Emergency and PSTN Access Code Settings
Fig. I-20: Emergency and PSTN Access Code Settings page
You may enter your local specific emergency codes into the appropriate field. For example,
in the United States the emergency number is 911, whereas in Germany it is 112,110. In
case of an emergency you can then pick up any FXS phone and dial your configured
emergency code without any prefixes for PSTN calls (see Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls).
The PSTN Access Code is the prefix number you choose to dial to tell the Quadro to “make
this call over PSTN” (see Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls). Users in the United States will
usually choose 9 here. European users usually would want to enter zero (0). If you do not
enter anything into this field the currently configured PSTN Access Code will stay unchanged.
Click on Next to display the Summary Page.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Finishing the System Configuration Wizard
Fig. I-21: System Configuration Wizard finishing page
Click on Finish to complete the System Configuration Wizard. The Quadro will then stop internal functions and apply the changes made in the Wizard.
Fig. I-22: Wizard Execution Progress page
After this is complete, the Quadro will reply with the Confirm Settings page requesting
confirmation of the changes. Press on OK to confirm the settings.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Fig. I-23: Confirm Settings page
Please Note: you must confirm the settings within 20 minutes. Otherwise the device will
revert back to the previous configuration and reboot.
Please Note: If you do not use DHCP for your LAN and you have changed your LAN settings, make sure that the IP address of the PC connected to Quadro is still within the specified IP address range, otherwise your PC may not establish a connection to Quadro.
If you changed the network configuration of the LAN, restart your LAN connection to receive a new IP address from the new network. Then you can access the Web Management
of the Quadro on the new IP address you’ve assigned to the Quadro.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2.3: Internet Configuration Wizard
Open the Internet Configuration Wizard by selecting the corresponding menu item on the
System menu. The Internet Configuration Wizard is a tool for the administrator to configure the WAN settings and to adjust Quadro's connectivity in the global network. It must be
run if Quadro is desired to be connected to the Internet.
The page Getting Started will be displayed:
Fig. I-24: Internet Configuration Wizard
This first page of the Internet Configuration Wizard is for informational purposes only and
lists the items to be configured, Click on the Next button for the Uplink Configuration
page.
Before configuring the WAN port to the Internet, you need to get the following information
from your internet service provider:
• Bandwidth - how much is available upstream and downstream?
• WAN IP Configuration - is DHCP supported? If yes, no more information is needed. If
DHCP is not supported, the following data is needed: the WAN IP address, the subnet mask, the IP address of the standard gateway and the IP address of the Domain
Name Server (DNS).
• MAC address - needed when the ISP requires a specific MAC address for the WAN.
Additionally, for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) WAN interface, you need to
get the following information from your internet service provider:
• PPP
Configuration - does your ISP use a dynamic or fixed WAN IP address? If the
WAN IP address is dynamic, no more information is needed. If the WAN IP address
is fixed, you will have to enter it.
• Authentication
- does your ISP require authentication? If authentication is required,
information about the corresponding method (PAP, CHAP or MSCHAP) is needed including the username and password of the PPPoE account.
This information will be needed to be inserted in the Internet Configuration Wizard.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Uplink Configuration
Select the desired WAN Interface Protocol and enter the WAN Interface Bandwidth to assure the quality of IP calls.
Fig. I-25: Uplink Configuration
If the available bandwidth is used to the point where the quality of an additional IP call
would suffer, then new IP calls are rejected.
The bandwidth provided by your ISP must be specified for both Upstream and Downstream fields. The default entry in both fields is 10000, the maximum bandwidth of the 10
MB uplink module. For basic DSL and cable modem service in the United States, typical
values are 300 for Upstream and 1500 for Downstream.
The Min Data Rate text field is used to specify the amount of bandwidth reserved for data
applications. The value entered here needs to be smaller that the value specified for Upstream Bandwidth.
Specify the WAN Interface Protocol by choosing between available WAN interface protocols: PPPoE (Point to Point over Ethernet), PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) and
Ethernet. Use Ethernet for DHCP or static IP.
For Ethernet, clicking Next will display the WAN IP Configuration page. If PPPoE is the
selected WAN Interface Protocol, the next page will be PPP/PPTP Configuration. For PPTP
WAN Interface Protocol, PPP/PPTP Configuration page will follow the WAN IP Configuration.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
WAN IP Configuration
Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) should provide this information.
•
Assign automatically via DHCP - The parameters are set automatically by the ISP.
This is common with cable modem and DSL service.
•
Assign Manually requires the administrator to enter the external IP Address, the corresponding Subnet Mask, and the IP address of the Standard Gateway. This is
common when you have a static IP address with your ISP.
Fig. I-26: WAN IP Configuration page
Click on Next to display the WAN Interface Configuration page.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
PPP/PPTP Configuration
Enter the IP address of the PPTP server into the PPTP Server text field.
Choose the encryption for the traffic over the PPTP interface from the Encryption drop
down list.
Authentication Settings require the Username and the Password used for the authentication on the ISP server.
Dial Behavior radio buttons:
•
Dial Manually - if this radio button is activated, a button will be displayed in the main
management window that serves to switch the Internet connection on/off. When accessing the Internet, every station of the connected LAN has to connect to Quadro
first.
•
Always connected - Quadro stays in the always connected mode. This will allow
Quadro always remain online in the network.
The IP Address Assignment field is used to specify the external IP address given to the
Quadro. Usually it is a dynamic address but in some cases you may be given a static IP
address.
Fig. I-27: PPP/PPTP Configuration page
If your ISP assigns a dynamic IP address, activate the Dynamic IP Address radio button,
otherwise activate the Fixed IP Address radio button and enter the IP address you were
assigned by your ISP.
Keep Connection alive checkbox enables keeping the connection alive by sending control
packets dedicated for the link state verification.
Click the Next button to display the WAN Interface Configuration page.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
WAN Interface Configuration
If your ISP requires a specific MAC address, (for example, for authentication), it can be entered on this page. The required MAC address can be entered into the User defined field.
If a specific MAC address is not required, leave the default selection This device selected.
Fig. I-28: WAN Interface Configuration page
Use the MTU drop down list to select the maximum packet size on the Ethernet (in bytes).
Click Next to display the DNS Settings page.
DNS Settings
For DNS, the selection is set to Dynamically by Provider. When using a static IP address,
fixed values must be entered.
Fig. I-29: DNS Settings page
The Quadro will suggest the correct settings. If Dynamically by Provider is selected, the
DNS server settings will be set automatically whenever a connection to the Internet is established.
If Fixed Nameserver Address is selected, manually enter the IP addresses provided by
your ISP for the name server and the alternative name server.
Clicking Next shows the summary page of the Internet Configuration Wizard.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Finishing the Internet Configuration Wizard
Fig. I-30: Internet Configuration Wizard Summary page
Click the Finish button to complete the Internet Configuration Wizard. The Quadro will then
stop internal functions and apply the changes made in the Wizard. After this is complete,
the Quadro will display the Confirm Settings page requesting confirmation of the changes.
Press the OK button to confirm the settings.
Please Note: the settings should be confirmed within 20 minutes; otherwise, the device will
revert back to the previous configuration and reboot.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2.4: Firewall Configuration
By default, Firewall configuration on the Quadro has medium security, which denies any incoming traffic from the WAN except for voice traffic.
Disabling the firewall is only required to access the Quadro’s management when the
Quadro is connected behind a router. To disable the firewall, open Firewall Configuration
from the Internet Uplink menu. Disable the firewall by deselecting the corresponding
checkbox and save changes.
Fig. I-31: Firewall Configuration page
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2-A: Using IP Lines
The basic configuration procedure for Quadro IP PBXs that use IP lines is exactly the same
as described in Step 2.
Before starting the IP Lines specific configuration, the appropriate IP Phone (the list of SIP
phones supported by Quadro is presented below) should be connected to the LAN port of
the Quadro.
Each IP line should be configured individually from the Telephony menu, Line Settings
page, IP Line Settings tab.
Fig. I-32: Line Settings page
Click on the IP Line number to enter the IP Lines Settings page.
Fig. I-33: IP Line Settings page
Select the SIP Phone radio button. Select the SIP IP phone model from the Phone Model
drop down list.
Insert the SIP Phone’s MAC address in the corresponding fields. The MAC address of an
IP phone is usually printed on the back of the phone’s base unit.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
In the Line Appearances text box, enter the number for simultaneous calls supported by
the SIP IP phone – which is the sum of the number of active and held calls. For example, if
this field is set to 1, only one active call is possible to have on the phone and making or accepting a second call while the other is on hold will not be allowed. Note, that this number
depends on the phone brand and model, and cannot exceed the number of simultaneous
calls supported by the phone.
To simplify the configuration procedure, Quadro generates unique identification parameters
(see Username and Password). You may use either these values or specify new ones.
Press Save to apply the settings for the IP line.
Reset the SIP Phone. After restart, the appropriate configuration will be automatically
downloaded from the Quadro to the SIP Phone.
Please Note: If you have decided to make the IP phone configuration manually, it is recommended to select the Other option from the Phone Model drop down list and to make
the configuration manually on the SIP phone also. The SIP phone’s configuration is different dependent on the SIP phone model. For more information about SIP Phone configuration, refer to the SIP phone manual or user’s guide.
Some SIP phones require only reboot for configuration download. Other SIP Phones may
require additional configuration. For example, by default IP Dialog SIP Tone II is in nonauto-provisioning mode, therefore the user has to manually enable it on the phone.
To make sure the line configuration works properly, do the following:
•
Go to Quadro Status- SIP Registration status – Registered IP Lines to see if
IP Line registration is successful.
•
•
Dial *74 to get the line information.
Make outgoing and accept incoming calls.
To make the IP line functional (for example, to be able to make/receive calls), refer to the
Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls and Appendix: Registering on Epygi’s SIP Server chapters
further in this guide, with the difference that the extensions should be attached to the configured IP line.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Supported SIP Phones
Below is the list of SIP phones that are officially supported by Epygi and can be automatically configured to work with Quadro2x/4x/16x:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Snom 300 (Application version snom300-SIP 6.5.1)
Snom 320 (Application version snom320-SIP 6.5.1)
Snom 360 (Application version snom360-SIP 6.5.1)
Aastra 480i (Firmware version 1.4.1.1077)
Aastra 9112i (Firmware version 1.4.1.1077)
Aastra 9133i (Firmware version 1.4.1.1077)
QCM (Software version 4.1.5)
Below is the list of SIP phones that are tested with the Quadro but may cause problems
when using some of the IP Phone related features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Snom 190
Snom 200
Snom 220
Sipura SPA-841 IP
Polycom Soundpoint IP 300SIP
Cisco IP Phone 7960
Swissvoice IP 10S
IP Dialog SIP Tone II
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Step 2-B: Using Receptionist
If you wish to use the Receptionist’s features, the Receptionist should be set up on the
Quadro. The Quadro’s basic configuration should be done in the same way as described in
the Step 2.
The Receptionist related setup, with detailed instructions on how to configure the Quadro
and the attached IP Phones, is described in the “Receptionist Setup on Quadro” document, which you can find at the Epygi’s Support Web portal.
Step 2-C: Using ISDN Lines
The basic configuration procedure for Quadro IP PBXs that use ISDN lines is exactly the
same as described in Step 2.
As some ISDN providers require an outgoing MSN to be defined, go to the Telephony
menu and open the ISDN Settings page.
The number of available ISDN trunks is dependent on the type of your Quadro. Quadro2xi
and Quadro4xi have only one ISDN trunk available. Quadro16xi and the special edition of
Quadro4xi have 3 ISDN trunks available.
Fig. I-34: ISDN Trunk Settings page
Before starting the ISDN Trunk configuration, please consult with your ISDN provider administrator to receive instructions for which settings are necessary to be configured.
For each of the trunks in the ISDN Trunks table in Fig.I-32, the following configuration
should be performed. Edit trunk settings by selecting the appropriate trunk from the list and
pressing Edit functional button from the ISDN Trunk Settings page toolbar.
Fig. I-35: ISDN Trunk - Edit page
The Coding Type, LoopBackMode and Passive Mode settings in the Trunk # - Edit Entry page should be set according to your ISDN provider requirements.
Run the ISDN Wizard for each ISDN trunk to make sure that all settings are proper. To access ISDN Wizard, select the appropriate trunk from the list and press the Settings functional button from the ISDN Trunk Settings page toolbar.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
DDI (Device Dialing Inward) service and TEI mode can be selected from the first page of
the ISDN Wizard.
Fig. I-36: ISDN Wizard – Page 1
Leave DDI Service disabled if you wish to use MSN services (i.e. if you have more than
one ISDN number provided by the Central Office). Configure TEI mode according to ISDN
provider requirements.
Clicking Next will refer to the ISDN Wizard page where MSN Settings can be configured.
Fig. I-37: ISDN Wizard – Page 2
If you left DDI Service disabled, this page will offer you the choice of using MSN services
or not.
If you have one ISDN number assigned to the corresponding ISDN trunk, select the No
other devices are connected to ISDN bus radio button and define the destination where
to route the incoming calls.
If you have more than one ISDN numbers provided by the Central Office, select the Other
devices are connected to ISDN bus radio button. This selection will require you to configure the MSN Table after finishing the ISDN Wizard. The MSN table can be accessed from
the table on the ISDN Trunk Settings page, by pressing the MSN Service link for the corresponding trunk.
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Step 2: Configuring the Quadro
Select the Use Default outgoing MSN checkbox and define the Default Outgoing MSN
value if you wish to send the custom caller information when placing calls over the ISDN
trunk. Clicking Next will move to the page where L2&L3 Settings might be configured.
Attention: If It is strongly recommended to consult with your ISDN provider before changing any of the settings on this page.
Fig. I-38: ISDN Wizard – Page 3
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Step 3: Registering on Epygi’s Technical Support
Step 2-D: Using an ADSL or G.SHDSL Uplink
If a Quadro IP PBX with ADSL or G.SHDSL uplink is used, the basic configuration of the
WAN interface differs slightly from the procedure in Step2.3: Uplink Configuration,
Step2.3: PPP/PPTP Configuration and Step2.3: WAN Interface Configuration. Each
procedure has additional ADSL or G.SHDSL uplink interface specific components.
Uplink Configuration Page
This page offers the PPPoA, 1483R or 1483B WAN Interface Protocols to be selected:
Fig. I-39: Internet Configuration Wizard - Uplink Configuration page for Quadro IP PBXs with ADSL Uplink
Enter the values recommended by your ADSL or G.SHDSL provider for the WAN Interface
Bandwidth.
PPP/PPTP Configuration
Enter the IP address of the PPTP server into the PPTP Server text field.
Choose the encryption for the traffic over the PPTP interface from the Encryption drop
down list.
Authentication Settings require the Username and the Password used for the authentication on the ISP server.
Dial Behavior radio buttons:
•
Dial Manually - if this radio button is activated, a button will be displayed in the main
management window that serves to switch the Internet connection on/off. When accessing the Internet, every station of the connected LAN has to connect to Quadro
first.
•
Always connected – if this radio button is activated, Quadro stays in the always connected mode. This will allow Quadro remain always online in the network.
The IP Address Assignment field is used to specify the external IP address given to the
Quadro. Usually it is a dynamic address but in some cases you may be given a static IP
address.
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Step 3: Registering on Epygi’s Technical Support
Fig. I-40: PPP/PPTP Configuration page
If your ISP assigns a dynamic IP address, activate the Dynamic IP Address radio button.
Otherwise activate the Fixed IP Address radio button and enter the IP address you were
assigned by your ISP.
PPPoA specific selection is used to choose between manual or default ADSL or G.SHDSL
connection parameters. For Default selection, the preconfigured parameter set can be selected from the list. For Manual selection, VPI, VCI and Encapsulation parameters should
be specified manually. Configure the corresponding settings according to you ISP administrator’s requirements.
Keep Connection alive checkbox enables keeping the connection alive by sending control
packets dedicated for the link state verification.
Click the Next button to display the WAN Interface Configuration page.
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WAN Interface Configuration Page
If PPPoA or Ethernet is the selected WAN Interface Protocol, the WAN Interface Configuration page of the Internet Configuration Wizard shows additionally the ATM Bridge Settings (ATM) area.
Fig. I-41: Internet Configuration Wizard - WAN Interface Configuration page for ADSL Quadros (PPPoA/Ethernet)
The ATM Bridge Settings manipulation radio buttons group is present if PPPoA, 1483B or
1483R WAN Interface Protocol has been selected and if the Quadro has corresponding
ADSL or G.SHDSL interface. Use Default selection to use the preconfigured parameter set
or select Manual and define corresponding VPI, VCI and Encapsulation parameters
should be specified manually.
Choose the select button to locate a defaulted ADSL or G.SHDSL provider with preconfigured parameter settings. If you don't find your provider in this list, you need to select
manual. If you select manual, enter the values for VPI, VCI and Encapsulation your
ADSL or G.SHDSL provider recommends.
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Step 3: Registering on Epygi’s Technical Support
Step 3: Registering on Epygi’s Technical Support
It is recommended that you register your Quadro on the Epygi Technical Support web
page. Registration will give you access to the Technical Support Database. There, you can
submit requests concerning technical problems as well as refer to the Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQ) section. In addition, the technical support page allows users to download
new firmware, manuals and other information. You can access the support section only if
you are registered. Additionally, registration at Epygi’s Technical Support web page gives
you the username and password to login to the Epygi SIP Server.
To register, you need to know the serial number of your Quadro, which is located on a label
on the bottom of Quadro. You will also need the date of purchase. Next, open the Epygi
home page (www.epygi.com), select Support and click on Registration Form. The online
registration page will appear:
Complete all fields and record the
Login Name and Password in a
safe place. You will need it for the
SIP server.
Please Note: In some cases, the
Quadro units will be shipped preconfigured from the factory with
the Support login and password already set up. In this case, an information sheet is included in the
packaged contents indicating the
username and password to access
Epygi’s Online Support and the
Epygi SIP Server.
Fig. I-42: Online Registration page
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Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls
Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls
Please Note: The Quadro default settings are sufficient to make SIP phone calls. It is
not necessary to make any changes unless the user wants to create new SIP extensions on the Epygi SIP Server, create a private directory for several Quadro units, or
use alternate VoIP services. Refer to the Administrator's Guide for more information
on these configurations.
•
To make a call to the PSTN, lift the handset and dial 9 and the local phone number.
You may accelerate the dialing process by adding the # after the last digit, e.g., 9 +
972-661-1335#. You are making a local call through the PSTN. It is assumed an FXO
phone line is connected to the Quadro.
Please Note: In case you had changed the default value of the PSTN Access Code
in the System Configuration Wizard to something other than 9, you will need to dial
your chosen digit instead.
•
To make a VoIP call to a user on the remote Quadro, lift the handset and dial 8 + SIP
Address (of the user on the remote Quadro) + #. You are calling over the Internet to a
remote user.
Please Note: Epygi has a SIP Address test line to test newly provisioned Quadro devices. Call 8 + 99 + # and you will hear a message if the call was successful. This
message comes from a Quadro in one of our offices. SIP Addresses are described below.
•
•
Received IP calls will ring the extensions automatically.
Received PSTN calls will be directed to the Quadro’s default Auto Attendant (00).
Using the Default SIP Addresses
Making Internet IP calls is simple with the Quadro. By default, every standard (analog) telephone connected to one of Quadro’s phone lines functions as an IP phone. If you open the
Extensions Management page, you will see that some SIP Addresses are available, one
attached to the Auto Attendant and one to each extension. These SIP addresses are the IP
telephone numbers of these extensions. Anyone with a Quadro or any other SIP IP device
on the Internet can place a call to SIPAddress@sip.epygi.com and the call will ring the
associated extension.
Under Extensions Management, you may edit the Display Names to assign extensions to
people.
Fig. I-43: Extensions Management page
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Step 4: Making/Receiving Calls
To do so, click on the box in the first column next to the extension to edit and click the Edit
button. When the page opens, go to General Settings and edit the Display Name and
click the Save button. Do not change any other settings at this time. For more information
on the Extensions Management settings, refer to the Administrator’s Guide and Appendix:
Registering on Epygi’s SIP Server of this document. The default SIP addresses are based
on internal parameters unique to each Quadro device. If the Quadro undergoes a factory
reset, the default addresses will be restored.
If you want to establish a dial plan between several Quadro units in a private group, refer to
Appendix: Registering on Epygi’s SIP Server, which describes how to change the default,
SIP addresses on the Epygi SIP server and in the Quadro devices. With the directory service, you can create a private directory accessible from the Internet using a username/password. This service is enabled through the Epygi SIP Server.
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Appendix: PC DHCP Settings
Appendix: PC DHCP Settings
The Quadro LAN port has a DHCP server that provides DHCP IP addresses to devices
connected to the LAN either directly or through an Ethernet hub or switch. This appendix
describes how to configure Windows PCs for DHCP. The PC used to access the Quadro
must meet the following conditions:
•
•
TCP/IP network protocol has to be installed.
DHCP has to be activated in order to request the IP address automatically.
Please Note: If your PC is already configured for DHCP and connected directly to the
Quadro, then simply power it on and verify the LAN LED is lit. If LED is off, check the cable
connections.
Follow the instructions below to install TCP/IP and enable DHCP functionality:
TCP/IP and DHCP under Windows 2000/Windows XP
Windows 2000 and Windows XP PCs with Ethernet cards or adapters normally are configured with a TCP/IP network connection by default. Nothing in addition is required. To enable the DHCPs functionality, you may have to modify the properties of TCP/IP:
1. Click the Start button. Choose Settings, then
Control Panel.
2. Double-click on the Network Connection icon
to open the corresponding window. Select Local Area Connection with the right mouse
button and select Properties.
3. Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) under
General tab and click Properties. The corresponding window will be displayed.
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4.
Choose Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically selections and press Advanced button.
5.
6.
You will see the entry DHCP Enabled.
Click OK three times to close all windows.
Appendix: PC DHCP Settings
TCP/IP and DHCP under Windows 95/98/ME
1.
2.
Click the Start button. Choose Settings, then Control Panel.
Double-click on the Network icon to open your Network window. Select the Configuration tab.
3. Click Add.
4. Double-click on Protocol.
5. Highlight “Microsoft” under the list of manufacturers.
6. Find and double-click on TCP/IP in the list to the right.
7. The Network window will appear with the TCP/IP protocol now listed.
8. Highlight “TCP/IP” and click on Properties.
9. Select Getting IP address automatically to enable the DHCP functionality.
10. Click OK.
11. Windows will ask you to restart the PC. Click Yes.
The TCP/IP installation is now complete and the DHCP functionality is enabled.
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Appendix: Changing the Admin Password
Appendix: Changing the Admin Password
For security reasons, it is recommended that you change the default admin password. The
username of the administrator (admin) cannot be changed.
To change the administrator password, go to the System menu, User Rights Management.
Fig. I-44: User Right Management page
Choose admin from the list and press the Change Password functional button from the
User Right Management page toolbar.
The Change Password page will be displayed.
Fig. I-45: Change Password page
Enter the Old Password (19) and the New Password in both the New Password and
Confirm New Password fields. Please note that only numeric digits may be entered here.
Write down the password somewhere and keep it in a secure place. If the password is lost,
a factory reset will be required on the unit (see Administrator's Guide, Hardware Overview).
All settings are lost after a factory reset. After a factory reset the default password (19) will
be restored.
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Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal
Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal
NAT or Network Address Translation is a common feature used to expand the use of connected PCs and other networked devices without having to use multiple global Internet
public IP addresses. Most ISP’s will assign one public IP address to each customer that is
connected to the Internet. The customer can use a router to provide NAT capability and
create a private network of PCs and other devices not visible from the Internet. This
method offers security and also eliminates the need to assign global Internet public IP addresses to each device on the LAN.
The Quadro initiates and receives SIP calls from the Internet (or the network connected to
the WAN port). To receive SIP calls, the Quadro must be able to receive packets from the
SIP server or any other device that is trying to make an incoming call. If the Quadro is
placed behind a router with NAT, like most basic routers on the market today, the Quadro
will not be able to receive calls. To resolve this issue, either STUN must be enabled on the
Quadro or SIP NAT traversal must be set up in the router and in the Quadro to route the incoming calls properly.
Please Note: NAT traversal only works with Internet connections that have static IP addresses. Verify from your provider that this is the case for your Internet connection. Some
ISPs provide dynamic IP addresses that may change from time to time, and are not appropriate for SIP NAT traversal.
Please Note: If you have more than one router in series between the Quadro and the
Internet, the same port forwarding setup must be configured on each router.
NAT Traversal Setup
• Install the Quadro behind the router. If the Quadro is configured with its factory default
settings, it is already configured for DHCP and will obtain an IP address automatically
from the router.
• Connect a PC to the Quadro LAN port and power it up.
• Verify the Quadro can connect to the Internet by opening a browser window and browsing to a familiar WEB site. If the Quadro cannot reach the Internet, verify the LAN/WAN
LEDs and the cabling. Verify the Quadro is set up for DHCP on the WAN and that the
router has the DHCP server enabled for the devices behind it.
• Find the address of the router and log into the router. Refer to the router’s user manual
on how to open the router configuration.
• Set up port forwarding on the router to forward UDP ports 5060, 6000-6099 to the IP
address assigned to the Quadro. You can see the IP address of the Quadro in the System menu under Status, submenu Network Status. The IP address will be listed as
the WAN IP address. Your router also may indicate the IP address assigned to the
Quadro.
• Find out the public Internet address (WAN IP address) of the router. To do so, open a
browser and go to www.whatismyip.com. The site will return your public Internet IP address. Record this IP address.
• From the Telephony menu of the Quadro Management go to the NAT Traversal Set-
tings page, go to General Settings and set the enable NAT Traversal for SIP radio
buttons selection to Force. Save the selection.
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Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal
Fig. I-46: NAT Traversal Settings – General Setting
Go to SIP Parameters page.
Fig. I-47: NAT Traversal Settings - SIP Parameters
Select Use Manual NAT Traversal and enter the WAN IP address of the router into the
Mapped Host text field. For Mapped Port, enter the router's corresponding port number, in this case 5060. Save the entries.
• Go to the RTP Parameters page and select Use Manual NAT Traversal.
Fig. I-48: NAT Traversal Settings - RTP Parameters
• Enter
the WAN IP address of the router into the Mapped Host text field. Set the
Mapped RTP/RTCP Port Range according to the values specified on the router, in this
case to 6000 (Min) and 6099 (Max), respectively. Click the Save button to save the
contents.
The Quadro will activate the settings and register the extensions on the Epygi SIP Server
after a few minutes. You can verify the settings from the main Quadro Management menu
under Status in the SIP Registration Status section.
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Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal
Appendix: Registering on Epygi’s SIP Server
You may login directly to Epygi’s SIP Server if you have registered your Quadro at Epygi’s
Technical Support Center. If you have not registered with Epygi Technical Support, you
cannot login to the Epygi SIP Server.
Log in to the Epygi SIP Server at www.epygi.com.Click on SIP, Login here. Use the same
login name and password you used for Epygi Support for Customer Login.
Fig. I-49: SIP Services Login page
Read the SIP Service Terms and Conditions and accept it to proceed. The displayed
page now welcomes you and allows you to Subscribe a New Extension.
Fig. I-50: SIP Services Welcome page
Selecting Subscribe a New Extension leads you to a page where you can enter the user
information as shown below. The Extension Nr. is the eight-digit SIP number assigned to
your extension. The first five are fixed by the SIP Server and cannot be changed and the
last three are user defined. Notice the check box to enable this extension to be shown in
the Epygi Public SIP Directory.
Please Note: If you enable this extension to be shown in the Epygi Public SIP Directory,
all information related to this extension will be published in the Public SIP Directory, which
is accessible by anyone from the Internet. To maintain privacy, do not check this box.
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Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal
Fig. I-51: SIP Services Add New Extension page
The Authentication password validates the entry and must match the password entered
on the Quadro later. Make sure to record the name, Authentication Password and SIP extension number for entry into the Quadro later.
Save will store the entered information and conclude the basic SIP registration. The following page then will be displayed:
Fig. I-52: SIP Services Your Extension page
This table shows unreg. in the Stat. column. This entry will change to reg. when the required settings in the Quadro are complete and the Quadro successfully registers on the
SIP Server.
Repeat this for all four extensions on the Quadro and the Auto Attendant.
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Appendix: Registering on Epygi SIP Server
Configuring Quadro Extensions
Once the SIP server has the created extensions with the user information, create these extensions in the Quadro devices. Once they are entered in the Quadro, they will be registered and can then be used.
Login into the Quadro and go to Extensions Management.
Fig. I-53: Extensions Management page
Select the first extension to change by clicking the appropriate checkbox and press Edit
functional button. The Extensions Management – Edit Entry page will be displayed.
Go to the General Settings page and adjust the Display Name as needed.
Fig. I-54: Extensions Management - Edit Entry – General Settings page
Go to the SIP Settings page to enter the SIP Registration Settings you received from the
Epygi SIP server.
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Appendix: Registering on Epygi SIP Server
Fig. I-55: Extensions Management - Edit Entry – SIP Settings page
•
Enter the SIP registration number displayed in the column Ext# into the text field Registration User Name.
•
In the Password field, enter the password you specified when registering at the SIP
server and confirm it in the field below.
•
In Registration SIP Server, the selected SIP server address must be entered. If you
use the Epygi SIP server, you may leave the default entry sip.epygi.com.
•
Most SIP server providers, including Epygi, use port 5060 as the Registration SIP
Port. You may leave the default entry as is.
•
•
Select Registration on SIP Server if you want to establish and receive IP calls.
Click the Save button to activate the settings.
Other settings of the extension might be also modified from Extensions Management –
Edit Entry page (refer to the Manual II - Administrator’s Guide).
Your settings will be verified, then after a few seconds the Extensions Management page
is updated with the changes as shown in the below example, Fig.I-56.
Fig. I-56: Extensions Management page
If you go back to Epygi’s SIP Server, you will find the value reg. for this number in the column Stat. Reg. This will indicate that the Quadro has successfully registered the new number. If this does not happen after a few minutes, again verify the SIP Number and passwords.
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Appendix: Registering on Epygi SIP Server
Appendix: Checking the Connections
If the system doesn’t seem to be working properly, even when all the cables are connected
properly, it may be helpful to Start Network Diagnostics: The WAN link, IP configuration,
gateway, DNS server, and STUN-NAT will all be checked.
To start diagnostics, open the System's menu item Diagnostics and click Start Network
Diagnostics.
Fig. I-57: System Diagnostics - Network Diagnostics page
If the test passes, the output of the system may look as follows:
Basic Tests:
Checking for physical link:
WAN link ok
Checking IP configuration:
dynamically via DHCP Client
DHCP Client is running
Checking internet connectivity (ICMP ping):
Gateway:
reached
Primary nameserver:
reached
Secondary nameserver: not configured
www.epygi.com:
reached
STUN Network Address Translation (NAT) Check:
External visibible address: 212.126.210.179
Detected NAT type
: Restricted cone
Performing MTU Discovery:
preparing system
Sending UDP Datagram of size 1500
got answer
clean up
Largest usable MTU size is: 1500 Bytes
Test successful.
Depending on where the test is failing, the diagnostic can give some advice on how to
solve the problem. See the example below of a failed test:
Basic Tests:
Checking for physical link:
no WAN link
Please check the physical connection of the WAN interface. Cable not
plugged or broken?
Test failed.
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Appendix: Registering on Epygi SIP Server
If diagnostics are successful, but you are still unable to place a call to 899# then check the
SIP registration status.
Open the SIP Registration Status page using the Quadro management System menu item
Status. Besides the SIP registration information for the auto attendant and each connected
extension, the Detected Connection Type is shown. If Quadro is placed behind a NAT
router and the STUN is enabled, the detected connection type and the IP address of this
router's WAN port are displayed.
Fig. I-58: SIP Registration Status page
Quadro cannot work behind your router if Detected Connection Type is one of the following:
•
•
•
•
Unknown connection - unexpected error
Symmetric NAT
Symmetric Firewall
Blocked UDP
If you get one of the above mentioned Detected Connection Types, either connect the
Quadro in front of the router, or configure NAT traversal manually as explained in
Appendix: Configuring NAT Traversal.
If you are unable to resolve your problems, please send us a technical support request on
the Support section of http://www.epygi.com/. Please prepare a system log file and attach it to your request.
To download the system logs, open the System Diagnostics page System menu item Diagnostics and click Download System Logs.
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Appendix: Checking the Connections
QIG-QUADRO-00-38
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