September 2002
DELTA
PROFESSIONAL
ISO 100/21º, FINE GRAIN, BLACK AND WHITE PROFESSIONAL FILM
FOR SUPERB PRINT QUALITY
ILFORD 100 DELTA PROFESSIONAL is a medium
speed, fine grain, black and white film, ideal for
pictorial and fine art photography.
SPECTRAL SENSITIVITY
Wedge spectrogram to tungsten light
(2850K)
100 DELTA Professional rollfilm is coated on
0.110mm/4-mil clear acetate base with an antihalation backing which clears during
development. It is available in 120 lengths and is
edge numbered 1 to 19.
100 DELTA Professional sheet film is coated on
0.180mm/7-mil polyester base with an antihalation backing which clears during
development. It is available in a wide range of
standard sizes. The emulsion faces the user when
sheet film is held in the position shown.
Sensitivity
100 DELTA Professional 35mm film is coated on
0.125mm/5-mil acetate base and is available in
24 or 36 exposure cassettes, or in bulk lengths of
30.5 metres (100ft). 100 DELTA Professional
35mm film is supplied in DX coded cassettes,
suitable for all 35mm cameras.
Wavelength nm
FILTER FACTORS
100 DELTA Professional film may be used with all
types of filters (eg colour, polarising and neutral
density filters) in the usual way. Follow the
instructions given by the filter manufacturer.
The exposure increase in daylight may vary with the
angle of the sun and the time of day. In the late
afternoon or the winter months, when daylight
contains more red light, green and blue filters may
need slightly more exposure than usual.
Cameras with through-the-lens metering will usually
adjust the exposure automatically when using
filters. With some automatic exposure cameras,
the correction given for deep red and orange
filters can produce negatives under exposed by as
much as 11/2 stops.
EXPOSURE RATING
100 DELTA Professional has a speed rating of ISO
100/21º (100ASA, 21DIN, EI 100/21) to daylight.
Best results are obtained at EI 100/21, but good
image quality will also be obtained at meter settings
from EI 50/18 to EI 200/24.
It should be noted that the exposure index (EI) range
recommended for 100 DELTA Professional is based
on a practical evaluation of film speed and is not
based on foot speed, as is the ISO standard.
Page 1 of 6
100 DELTA PROFESSIONAL
MAKING LONG EXPOSURES
For exposures between 1/2 and 1/10 000 second, no
adjustments are needed for reciprocity law failure.
When exposures longer than 1/2 second are given,
100 DELTA Professional along with other films,
needs to be given more exposure than indicated
by a meter. Use the graph to calculate the
increased exposure time which should be given
once the measured time is known.
175
150
125
75
50
25
10
5
15
20
Measured exposure time (sec)
25
Adjusted exposure time (sec)
100
30
CHOOSING THE BEST ILFORD DEVELOPER FOR THE JOB
Manual processing (eg spiral tank, dish, deep tank) and rotary processors
Best overall image quality
Finest grain (EI 100/21)
Finest grain (EI 50/18)
Maximum sharpness
Maximum film speed
(EI 200/24)
One-shot convenience
Liquid
ILFOTEC
ILFOTEC
ILFOTEC
ILFOTEC
ILFOTEC
DD-X
DD-X
DD-X
HC (1+31)
DD-X
Economy
ILFOSOL S (1+14)
ILFOTEC DD-X
ILFOTEC LC29 (1+29)
Replenishable
ILFOTEC HC
Machine processing
Dip and dunk
Short leader
ILFOTEC DD
ID-11
MICROPHEN
ILFOTEC HC
ILFOTEC RT RAPID
Roller transport
ILFOTEC HC
ILFOTEC RT RAPID
Page 2 of 6
Powder
ID-11 (stock)
PERCEPTOL (1+1)
PERCEPTOL (stock)
ID-11 (1+3)
MICROPHEN (stock)
ID-11 (1+1)
MICROPHEN (1+1)
ID-11 (1+3)
MICROPHEN (1+3)
ID-11
MICROPHEN
PERCEPTOL
Best overall image quality (liquid) and long tank life
Best overall image quality (powder) and long tank life
Maximum film speed and long tank life
Flexible process time, range of dilutions and economy
Rapid processing, best overall image quality and
long tank life
Range of dilutions, flexibility and economy
Rapid processing
100 DELTA PROFESSIONAL
DEVELOPMENT TIMES
The table gives development times for both manual
and machine processing 100 DELTA Professional.
These times will produce negatives of average
contrast suitable for printing in all enlargers. The
development times are intended as a guide and
may be altered if a different result is needed.
For manual processing in spiral tanks and deep
ILFORD developer
Dilution
tanks, the development times are based on
intermittent agitation. Where continuous agitation
is used for manual processing (as in a dish/tray or
with some types of developing tank), reduce these
times by up to 15%. For use in rotary processors
without a pre-rinse, reduce the spiral tank
development times by up to 15%. A pre-rinse is
not recommended as it can lead to uneven
processing.
35mm film, Rollfilm & Sheet film
Meter setting
EI 50/18
EI 100/21
EI 200/24
Spiral tank, deep tank, dip and dunk machines (min/20°C/68°F)
ID-11
stock
1+1
1+3
7
10
15
8 1/2
11
20
101/2
13
–
MICROPHEN
stock
1+1
1+3
–
–
–
61/2
10
14
8
14
20
PERCEPTOL
stock
1+1
1+3
12
13
16
15
17
22
–
–
–
ILFOTEC DD-X
1+4
91/2
12
14
1+9
1+14
41/2
61/2
6
10
–
–
ILFOSOL S
ILFOTEC HC
1+31
5
6
8
ILFOTEC LC29
1+19
1+29
5
51/2
6
71/2
8
10
Acufine Acufine
stock
–
–
51/2
Agfa Refinal
stock
–
51/2
61/2
Agfa Rodinal
1+25
1+50
7
10
9
14
–
–
Fuji Super Prodol
stock
1+1
–
–
5
8
61/2
10
Kodak D-76
stock
1+1
1+3
7
91/2
14
9
12
22
11
14
–
Kodak HC-110
B
5
6
8
Kodak Microdol-X
stock
1+3
12
16
15
22
–
–
Kodak T-Max
1+4
6
7
8
Paterson Acutol
1+10
–
16
–
Tetenal Ultrafin
1+10
1+20
–
–
6
91/2
8
111/2
Tetenal Ultrafin Plus
1+4
–
5
7
Tetenal Ultrafin SF
stock
–
5
7
Kodak Xtol
stock
61/2
71/2
91/2
8
91/2
121/2
Non-ILFORD developer
Dip and dunk machines (min/24ºC/°F)
ILFOTEC DD
1+4
Kodak T-Max RS
stock
5
6
8
Kodak Xtol
stock
–
61/2
91/2
ILFOLAB FP40, roller transport and short leader machines (sec/26ºC/79°F)
ILFOTEC RT RAPID
1+1+2
1+1+5
–
40
40
56
50
75
Kodak Duraflo RT
stock
–
45
55
Page 3 of 6
100 DELTA PROFESSIONAL
If 100 DELTA Professional has been inadvertently
exposed at settings below EI 50/18 or above EI
200/24, the following guide will ensure usable
negatives are obtained. Obviously, the quality of
negatives processed in this way will not be so high
as conventionally processed ones.
Manual processing (min/20ºC/68ºF) –
accidental exposure only
Meter setting
EI 25/15 EI 400/27
and below and above
MICROPHEN stock
–
10
PERCEPTOL
9
–
stock
Temperature (°F)
Dilution
New development time (min)
PROCESSING AT DIFFERENT
TEMPERATURES
100 DELTA Professional film can be processed
over a range of temperatures. Development times
at temperatures other than 20ºC/68ºF may be
calculated from the chart below.
Relative log exposure
100 DELTA Professional rollfilm developed in
ILFORD ID-11 stock for 81/2 minutes at 20ºC/68ºF
with intermittent agitation. This curve is also
representative of the 35mm and sheet film formats.
Temperature (°C)
For example, if 4 minutes at 20ºC/68ºF is
recommended, the time at 23ºC/73ºF will be 3
minutes and the time at 16ºC/61ºF will be 6
minutes.
New development time (min)
Page 4 of 6
CHARACTERISTIC CURVE
Density
Note Development times may need adjusting to
suit individual processing systems and working
practices. If an established system is producing
good results, adjust the recommended
development times until the desired contrast level is
obtained. Development times in other
manufacturers’ developers are included for your
convenience, and are only a general guide. Other
manufacturers can and do change their product
specifications from time to time, and the
development times may change as a result.
100 DELTA PROFESSIONAL
PROCESSING
100 DELTA Professional can be processed in all
types of processing equipment including spiral
tanks, rotary processors, dishes/trays, deep tanks
and automatic processors. Standard capacity
figures and replenishment rates can be
maintained. When fixing 100 DELTA Professional
however, slightly longer times than used with
conventional film are recommended for best
results.
The process time given is the minimum required, if
necessary a longer time may be used and should
not cause any process problems provided it is not
excessive.
Safelight recommendations
Handle 100 DELTA Professional film in total
darkness. For very brief inspections during
processing, use the ILFORD 908 (very dark green)
safelight filter, with a 15W bulb, fitted in a
darkroom lamp (such as the ILFORD DL10 or
DL20). Do not allow direct lighting from the
safelight to fall on the film.
ILFORD Fixer
Agitation
Intermittent agitation is recommended for use in
spiral tanks and deep tanks. Continuous agitation
is recommended in dishes/trays by rocking the
dish/tray. With spiral tanks, invert the tank four
times during the first 10 seconds, then invert the
tank four times again during the first 10 seconds
of each further minute. Otherwise, follow the
recommendations given by the processing
equipment manufacturer.
Stop, fix, wash and rinse
For best results it is recommended that all process
solutions are kept at the same temperature or at
least within 5ºC (9ºF) of the developer
temperature.
Stop Bath
After development the film can be rinsed in water
but we recommend that an acid stop bath is used
such as ILFORD ILFOSTOP (with indicator dye) or
ILFOSTOP PRO (without indicator dye). ILFOSTOP
PRO is recommended for all machine processing
applications. When tanks or dishes (trays) of
process solutions are in use a stop bath
immediately stops development and reduces carry
over of excess developer into the fixer bath. This
helps to maintain the activity and prolong the life
of the fixer solution.
ILFORD Stop
Bath
Dilution
Temperature
range
Time (seconds)
at 20ºC (68ºF)
ILFOSTOP
ILFOSTOP PRO
1+19
1+19
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
10
10
Capacity
films/litre
15x(135–36)
(unreplenished)
Page 5 of 6
22x(135–36)
Fix
The recommended fixers are ILFORD RAPID FIXER
and ILFORD HYPAM liquid fixers and ILFORD
ILFOFIX II powder fixer,all are non-hardening
fixers.
Dilution
Temperature
range
Time (mins)
at 20ºC (68ºF)
Capacity
films/litre
(unreplenished)
ILFORD HYPAM &
ILFORD RAPID FIXER
1+4
ILFORD
ILFOFIX II
stock
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
2–5
4–8
24x(135–36)
24x(135–36)
WASH
When a non-hardening fixer has been used wash
the films in running water for 5–10 minutes at a
temperature within 5ºC (9ºF) of the process
temperature.
For spiral tank use, when a non-hardening fixer
has been used, the following method of washing
is recommended. This method of washing is faster,
uses less water yet still gives negatives suitable for
long term storage.
After fixing, fill the spiral tank with water at the
same temperature, +/– 5ºC (9ºF), as the
processing solutions and invert it five times. Drain
the water away and refill. Invert the tank ten times.
Once more drain the water away and refill.
Finally, invert the tank twenty times and drain the
water away.
Rinse
For a final rinse use ILFORD ILFOTOL wetting
agent added to water, it helps the film to dry
rapidly and evenly. Start by using 5ml per litre of
rinse water (1+200), however the amount of
ILFOTOL used may need some adjustment
depending on the local water quality and drying
method. Too little or too much wetting agent can
lead to uneven drying. Remove excess rinse
solution from the film before drying.
100 DELTA PROFESSIONAL
FIX HARDENER
ILFORD RAPID FIXER and ILFORD ILFOFIX II must
not be used with fix hardeners as they are not
compatible with them. If a fix hardener is required
then only ILFORD HYPAM fixer can be used. Add
ILFORD HYPAM HARDENER to turn HYPAM into
a hardening fixer.
Drying
To avoid drying marks, use a clean squeegee or
chamois cloth to wipe 100 DELTA Professional film
before hanging it to dry. Dry 100 DELTA
Professional at 30–40ºC/86-104ºF in a drying
cabinet or at room temperature in a clean dustfree area.
Generally for most applications modern camera
films are sufficiently hardened at manufacture.
Additional hardening from a fixer hardener is not
usually needed or recommended for processing in
spiral tanks, dishes/trays, deep tanks, rotary
processors, dip and dunk (hanger) machines and
short leader card processors, unless the
processing temperature is above 30ºC (86ºF), or
poor drying performance is being experienced.
To minimise the risk of physical damage a fixer
hardener may be needed when using a roller
transport film processor.
STORAGE
Store 100 DELTA Professional in a cool
(10–20ºC/50-68ºF), dry place in its original
packaging.
Using a fix hardener will require the
recommended fix and wash times to be extended.
Depending on the film and processing conditions
the hardened fix time will be between 4 and 10
minutes and the subsequent wash time 10–20
minutes in running water.
The amount of HYPAM HARDENER that can be
added to the fixer is dependant on the film and
process conditions used. In some processors the
full amount of hardener cannot be used as the fix
and wash times cannot be extended adequately.
In these circumstances we recommend starting
with the minimum amount of hardener to have
some effect. This is around 3–6 mls of hardener
per litre of working strength HYPAM used. This
increases the film hardness slightly but has a
negligible effect on the fix and wash efficiency.
When fix and wash times are restricted the
maximum amount of HYPAM HARDENER
recommended is 10–20ml of hardener per litre of
working strength HYPAM used. This higher
amount gives a definite increase to the hardness
of the films processed and while fixing and
washing efficiency are reduced the films will be
adequately fixed and washed for most purposes.
Exposed film
Once exposed, process 100 DELTA Professional as
soon as practical. Images on exposed but
unprocessed film will not degrade for up to several
months when stored as recommended.
Negatives
Store processed negatives in a cool
(10–20ºC/50-68ºF), dry place, in the dark.
Suitable storage sleeves include those made of
cellulose triacetate, Mylar or paper (pH 6.5–7.5)
or inert polyester.
A wide range of fact sheets is available which describe
and give guidance on using ILFORD products. Some
products in this fact sheet might not be available in your
country.
When fix and wash times can be extended the
maximum amount of HYPAM HARDENER needed
to achieve fully hardened films is 1 part to 40
parts working strength HYPAM i.e. 24 ml per litre.
ILFORD Imaging UK Limited, Town Lane, Mobberley
Knutsford, Cheshire WA16 7JL, England
www.ilford.com
Page 6 of 6
95026A.www
September 2002