KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR
100 Film
February 2010 • E-4046
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR NEGATIVE FILM
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film is the world's
finest grain color negative film. With ISO 100 speed, high
saturation and ultra-vivid color, this film offers the finest,
smoothest grain of any color negative film available today.
An ideal choice for commercial photographers and
advanced amateurs, KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100
Film is recommended for applications such as nature,
travel and outdoor photography, as well as for fashion and
product photography.
TECHNOLOGY
Store unexposed film at 21° C (70° F) or lower in the
original sealed package. For extended periods, store film at
13° C (55° F) to preserve consistency.
To avoid moisture condensation on film that has been
refrigerated, allow the film to warm up to room
temperature before opening the package. Typical warm-up
times are given in the table below.
BENEFIT
• Incorporates Entertainment
• World's finest-grained color
Imaging’s KODAK VISION Film
negative film
technology
• Micro-Structure Optimized
• Ideal for scanning
T-GRAIN® Emulsions
• Kodak's Proprietary Advanced • Extraordinary enlargement
Development Accelerators
capability from a 35mm
negative
• Optimized Emulsion Spectral
Sensitivity and Image Modifier
Chemistry
• Ultra-vivid color
• Kodak's Advanced Cubic
Emulsions
• Kodak's Proprietary DIR
couplers
• Optimized sharpness
• Unified Emulsion Technology
• Printing compatible with
other KODAK Films
• Distinct edges, fine detail
Size
Warm-Up Times (Hours) to Reach Room
Temperature of 21° C (70° F) From a Storage
Temperature of:
135 magazine
120
10-sheet box
-18° C (0° F)
2° C (35° F)
1 1 ⁄2
13° C (55° F)
1 ⁄4
1
1
3 ⁄4
1 ⁄2
11 ⁄2
1
1
Load and unload roll-film cameras in subdued light.
Total darkness is required when you load and unload sheet
film holders.
Process film as soon as possible after exposure. Protect
negatives from strong light, and store them in a cool, dry
place. For long-term storage, keep negatives at a
temperature between 2° C (35° F) and 13° C (55° F) and at
a relative humidity between 30 and 35 percent.
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
SIZES AVAILABLE
Availability may differ from country to country. See your
dealer who supplies KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products.
Size/Format
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Code
Base
135
5110
0.13 mm (0.005 inch)
acetate
120
6110
0.10 mm (0.004 inch)
acetate
Sheets
0.19 mm (0.007 inch)
ESTAR Thick
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
EXPOSURE
Film Speed
Use the speed numbers in the tables below with cameras
or meters marked for ISO, ASA, or DIN speeds or exposure
indexes (EIs). Do not change the film-speed setting when
metering through a filter. Metering through filters may
affect light meter accuracy; see your meter or camera
manual for specific information. For critical work, make a
series of test exposures.
Light Source
Daylight or Electronic
Flash
*
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2009
KODAK WRATTEN
Gelatin Filter
ISO Speed
None
100
Photolamp (3400 K)
No. 80B
32
Tungsten (3200 K)
No. 80A
25
For best results without special printing.
Daylight
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge Lamps
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before
sunset.
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure
adjustments in the tables below as starting points to
expose KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film under
fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamps. For critical
applications, make a series of test exposures under your
actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure
times of 1⁄60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps;
with high-intensity discharge lamps, use exposure times of
1⁄125 second or longer.
Shutter Speed (second)
and Lens Opening
Lighting Conditions
Bright or Hazy Sun on Light Sand or
Snow
1/125
f/16
Bright or Hazy Sun (Distinct Shadows)
1/125
f/11*
Weak, Hazy Sun
(Soft Shadows)
1/125
f/8
Cloudy Bright
(No Shadows)
1/125
f/5.6
Type of Fluorescent Lamp
1/125
f/4
Daylight
20R + 5M
+1 stop
White
40B + 5C
+1 2/3 stop
Heavy Overcast or Open
Shade‡
*
Use f/5.6 for backlit close-up subjects.
† Use f/8 for backlit close-up subjects.
‡ Subject shaded from the sun but lighted by a large area of sky.
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required
for exposures from 1⁄10,000 second to 1 second. For
critical applications with longer exposure times, make tests
under your conditions.
Electronic Flash
Use the appropriate guide number in the table below as
starting-point recommendations for your equipment.
Select the unit output closest to the number given by your
flash manufacturer. Then find the guide number for feet or
metres. To determine the lens opening, divide the guide
number by the flash-to-subject distance. If negatives are
consistently too dense (overexposed), use a higher guide
number; if they are too thin (underexposed), use a lower
number.
*
Unit
Output
(BCPS)*
Guide Number
Distances in Feet/Metres
350
40/12
500
50/15
700
60/18
1000
70/21
1400
85/26
2000
100/30
2800
120/36
4000
140/42
5600
170/50
8000
200/60
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filter(s)
Exposure
Adjustment
Warm White
40B + 40C
+2 stops
Warm White Deluxe
40B + 50C
+2 stops
Cool White
30B
+1 stop
40C + 10M
+1 stop
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filter(s)
Exposure
Adjustment
High-Pressure Sodium
Vapor
50B + 70C
+2 2/3 stops
Metal Halide
5C + 10M
+2/3 stop
Mercury Vapor with
Phosphor
30B + 5C
+1 stop
80R
+1 2/3 stop
Cool White Deluxe
High-Intensity Discharge
Lamp (CCT)
Mercury Vapor without
Phosphor
BCPS = beam candlepower seconds
2
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film • E-4046
PROCESSING
RETOUCHING
Process EKTAR 100 Film in KODAK FLEXICOLOR
Chemicals for Process C-41 using the replenishment and
wash rates in the tables below. Note that the developer
replenishment rates are starting-point recommendations
only and may vary due to the amount of exposure to the
film, scene content, and the presence/absence of sprocket
holes.
You can retouch the 120 and sheet sizes on both the
base side and the emulsion side. Retouch only the
emulsion side of 135 size film.
For information on retouching equipment, supplies, and
techniques, see KODAK Publication No. E-71, Retouching
Color Negatives.
PRINTING NEGATIVES
Replenishment and Wash Rates
KODAK
FLEXICOLOR
Developer
Replenisher
KODAK
FLEXICOLOR
Developer
Replenisher
LORR
KODAK
FLEXICOLOR
Bleach III,
Fixer, and
Stabilizer
Wash
Water*
135
1012 mL/m2
94 mL/ft2
506 mL/m2
47 mL/ft2
861 mL/m2
80 mL/ft2
31 L/m2
2.9 L/ft2
120
1012 mL/m2
94 mL/ft2
506 mL/m2
47 mL/ft2
1023 mL/m2
107 mL/ft2
31 L/m2
2.9 L/ft2
4x5
1012 mL/m2
94 mL/ft2
506 mL/m2
47 mL/ft2
1023 mL/m2
107 mL/ft2
31 L/m2
2.9 L/ft2
8 x 10
1012 mL/m2
94 mL/ft2
506 mL/m2
47 mL/ft2
1023 mL/m2
107 mL/ft2
31 L/m2
2.9 L/ft2
Film
Size
*
Rates are for first wash and a two-stage countercurrent final wash. Double
these rates for a single stage final wash.
JUDGING NEGATIVE EXPOSURES
You can check the exposure level with a suitable electronic
densitometer equipped with a filter such as a KODAK
WRATTEN Gelatin Filter No. 92 or the red filter for
Status M densitometry. Depending on the subject and the
light source used for exposure, a normally exposed and
processed color negative measured through the red filter
should have the approximate densities listed below.
Because of the extreme range in skin color, use these red
density values for a normally lit forehead only as a guide.
For best results, use a KODAK Gray Card (gray side).
Area Measured
KODAK Gray Card (gray side) receiving
same illumination as subject
Lightest step (darkest in the negative) of a
KODAK Paper Gray Scale receiving same
illumination as subject
Highest diffuse density on normally lighted
forehead
—light complexion
—dark complexion
Density Reading
0.77 to 0.87
This film is optimized for printing on KODAK
PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA, SUPRA ENDURA VC
Digital, ULTRA ENDURA, ULTRA ENDURA High Definition,
and PRO IMAGE II Papers, and on KODAK PROFESSIONAL
ENDURA Metallic VC Digital Paper.
Make color slides and transparencies by printing the
negatives on KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA
Transparency Display Material or KODAK
PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Display Material.
Make black-and-white prints on any of the materials
mentioned above using the recommendations in KODAK
Publication CIS-274, Printing Black-and-White Images
Without KODAK Black-and-White Papers.
Digital Files
You can scan your image to a file and print digitally to —
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic VC Digital
Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA VC Digital
Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA High
Definition Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PRO IMAGE II Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
Display Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Display
Material
1.13 to 1.23
1.08 to 1.18
0.93 to 1.03
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film • E-4046
3
SCANNING NEGATIVES
IMAGE STRUCTURE
You can easily scan EKTAR 100 Film negatives with a
variety of linear-array-CCD, area-array-CCD, and PMT film
scanners. You can scan negatives on desktop scanners as
well as high-end drum scanners.
Because no standards exist to define the colored filter
sets that film scanners use to capture the red, green, and
blue information of the film image, each manufacturer’s
scanner has its own characteristic output. The output
depends on the scanner’s sensitivity to the dyes in the film.
This sensitivity is determined by the spectral distribution
of the colored filter sets and/or the spectral sensitivity of
the charge-coupled-device (CCD). In addition to these
spectral specifications, scanner output depends on the
look-up tables or matrices that the scanner uses to output
information for CRT monitors, transmission, etc. These
tables or matrices are part of either “plug-in” programs
used with specific software packages designed for image
manipulation, updateable ROMs included with the
equipment, or fixed algorithms for calibrating and
balancing, similar to those used in photographic color
printing equipment.
The generic “color negative film” channel designation
available with scanner software is only a starting point.
You can adjust the final color balance and the
scene-dependent contrast and brightness of an image by
using the scanner’s controls during pre-scan, or by using
an image-manipulation software program or workstation
after acquisition. Some scanners allow you to use “plug-in”
programs to customize scanner setups.
For more information, visit the following Web sites.
Print Grain Index
To access
Film Terms for KODAK
PHOTO CD Imaging
Workstations
Drivers for KODAK Film
Scanners
The Print Grain Index number refers to a method of
defining graininess in a print made with diffuse-printing
illumination. It replaces rms granularity and has a different
scale which cannot be compared to rms granularity.
• The method uses a uniform perceptual scale, with a
change of four units equaling a just noticeable difference
in graininess to 90 percent of observers.
• A Print Grain Index rating of 25 on the scale represents
the approximate visual threshold for graininess. A
higher number indicates an increase in the amount of
graininess observed.
• The standardized inspection (print-to-viewer)
distance for all print sizes is 14 inches, the typical
viewing distance for a 4 x 6-inch print.
• In practice, larger prints will likely be viewed from
distances greater than 14 inches, which reduces
apparent graininess.
• Print Grain Index numbers may not represent
graininess observed from more specular printing
illuminants, such as condenser enlargers.
Negative Size: 24 x 36 mm (135)
Print Size in inches
Magnification
Print Grain Index
*
8x10
16x20
4.4X
8.8X
17.8X
less than 25*
38
66
25 is the visual threshold for perception of grain.
Negative Size: 6 x 6 cm (120)
Go to
www.kodak.com/go/pcdFilmTerms
4x6
Print Size in inches
4x6
8x10
16x20
Magnification
2.6X
4.4X
8.8X
less than 25
less than 25
38
Print Grain Index
www.kodak.com/go/scannerDrivers
Negative Size: 4 x 5 Inches (Sheets)
Print Size in inches
4x6
8x10
16x20
Magnification
1.2X
4X
8X
less than 25
less than 25
less than 25
Print Grain Index
Negative Size: 8 x 10 Inches (Sheets)
Print Size in inches
4x6
8x10
16x20
Magnification
0.6X
1X
2X
less than 25
less than 25
less than 25
Print Grain Index
For more information, see KODAK Publication No.
E-58, Print Grain Index—An Assessment of Print Graininess
from Color Negative Films.
4
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film • E-4046
CURVES
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
Characteristic Curves
2.5
4.0
Typical densities for a midscale neutral subject
and D-min.
Exposure: Daylight
Densitometry: Status M
Log H Ref: -0.84
DENSITY
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY
2.0
B
3.0
G
2.0
R
1.0
Midscale Neutral
1.5
1.0
Minimum Density
0.5
0.0
0.0
-3.0
-1.0
-2.0
E4046A
0.0
1.0
400
2.0
450
550
600
650
700
Modulation Transfer Function
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
200
3.0
Exposure: Daylight
Effective Exposure: 1/25 Second
Densitometry: Status M
Density: 0.2>D-min
100
70
50
2.0
CyanForming
Layer
MagentaForming
Layer
1.0
B
30
YellowForming
Layer
RESPONSE (%)
LOG SENSITIVITY*
500
WAVELENGTH (nm)
E4046C
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
G
20
R
10
7
5
3
Exposure: Daylight
Process: C-41
2
0.0
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
WAVELENGTH (nm)
750
1
1
E4046D
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
2
E4046B
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (erg/cm ) required
to produce specified density
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this publication represent product tested
under the conditions of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of
production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of
photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be
met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change and
improve product characteristics at any time.
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film • E-4046
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film
MORE INFORMATION
Kodak has many publications to assist you with
information on KODAK Products, Equipment, and
Materials.
The following publications are available from Kodak
Customer Service, or you can contact Kodak in your
country for more information.
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E-58
Print Grain Index
E-71
Retouching Color Negatives
E-4021
KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA Paper
E-4020
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA Paper
E-4038
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
and Clear Display Materials
E-4047
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic VC
Digital Paper
E-4042
KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA VC
Digital Paper
E-4044
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA High
Definition Paper
E-4002
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PRO IMAGE II Paper
E-4040
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA Films
J-38
Using KODAK FLEXICOLOR Chemicals in
Sink-Line, Bath, and Rotary-Tube Processors
Z-131
Using KODAK FLEXICOLOR Chemicals
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Ektar, Endura, Flexicolor, Pro Image, Portra, Supra, T-Grain,
Ultra, Vision, and Wratten are trademarks.
Revised 2/10
Printed in U.S.A.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100
Film
KODAK Publication No. E-4046
Film, Photofinishing & Entertainment Group
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY • ROCHESTER, NY 14650
For the latest version of technical support publications for KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products, visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
If you have questions about KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products,
call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext. 19, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film are
available from dealers who supply KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use other materials,
but you may not obtain similar results.