®
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
IBM BladeCenter at-a-glance guide
The SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter is an expansion card that offers the ideal way to
connect the supported BladeCenter servers to a wide variety of SAS storage devices. Built on proven 3
Gbps, full-duplex, SAS technology, the SAS Connectivity Card can connect to the IBM System Storage
DS3200 from the BladeCenter E or H chassis, and to multiple Disk Storage Modules in the BladeCenter
S. The card routes the pair of SAS channels from the blade's onboard SAS controller to SAS switches
installed in the BladeCenter chassis.
This card is installed into the CIOv slot of the supported blade server. It provides connections to SAS
modules located in bays 3 and 4 of supported BladeCenter chassis. The SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) is
shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
Did you know?
The adapter is based on the PCI Express bus, which can be thought of as a high-speed serial
replacement of the older technology. Its use offers many benefits, including higher speeds and the ability
to send and receive data at the same time.
When using the CIOv adapter, you can simultaneously use a CFFh adapter to enable more types of I/O to
supported blade servers such as the HS22 when installed in the IBM BladeCenter H chassis. The
innovative design of the CIOv adapter works with the CFFh adapter to support this combination.
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) is a point-to-point architecture in which all storage devices connect directly to
a SAS port rather than sharing a common bus as traditional SCSI devices do. Point-to-point links increase
data throughput and improve the ability to locate and fix disk failures. SAS architecture solves the parallel
SCSI problems of clock skew and signal degradation at higher signaling rates.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
1
Part number information
The part number to order this card is shown in Table 1.
Table 1: Ordering part number and feature code
Description
Part number
Feature code
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
43W4068
1041
The part number includes the following items:
z
z
z
One SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
The Documentation CD that contains the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
Installation and User’s Guide
The IBM Important Notices document
Features
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) has the following features:
z
z
z
z
CIOv form factor
Provides external connections for the two SAS ports of blade server's onboard LSI 1064e disk
storage controller
Support for two full-duplex SAS ports at 3 Gbps maximum per channel
Support for SAS, SSP, and SMP protocols
Operating environment
The expansion card is supported in this environment:
z
Temperature:
z
z
10 to 35°C (50 to 95°F) at 0 to 914 m (0 to 3,000 ft)
10 to 32°C (50 to 90°F) at 914 to 2,133 m (3,000 to 7,000 ft)
z
Relative humidity: 8% to 80%
z
Maximum altitude: 2,133 m (7,000 ft)
Supported servers and I /O modules
The SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) is supported in the IBM BladeCenter servers listed in Table 2.
Table 2. Supported servers
Expansion card
SAS Connectivity Card
(CIOv)
Part
number
43W4068
N
N
N
Y
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
N
N
See IBM ServerProven for the latest information on the expansion cards supported by each blade server
type: http://ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
2
CIOv expansion cards are installed in the CIOv slot in supported servers such as the HS22, as shown in
Figure 2.
Figure 2. Location of the CIOv slot in the IBM BladeCenter HS22
The SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) requires that a supported I/O module is installed in bay 3 (and bay 4
depending on the configuration) of the chassis in which the cards and servers are installed. Table 3 lists
the supported I/O modules.
Table 3. I/O modules supported with the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv)
I/O module
Part number
SAS Connectivity Module
39Y9195
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
SAS RAID Controller Module
43W3584
Y
N
N
N
N
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
3
Popular configurations
This section illustrates three ways in which the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) can be used in
configurations.
External DS3200 attachment
Figure 3 shows the supported topology for the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) and an IBM System Storage
DS3200 storage server connected to the BladeCenter E or BladeCenter H chassis. In this configuration,
the RAID functionality is provided by the external DS3200 storage server.
Figure 3. IBM BladeCenter connected to an external IBM System Storage DS3200 storage solution
The parts used in this configuration are listed in Table 4.
Table 4. Components used when connecting the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) to external disk storage
Diagram
reference
Part number / Machine
type
Description
Quantity
Varies
BladeCenter HS22 or other supported server
1 to 14
43W4068
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
1 per
server
8677 or 8852
BladeCenter E or BladeCenter H
1
39Y9195
IBM BladeCenter SAS Connectivity Module
2
1726-22X
IBM System Storage DS3200 (Dual Controller)
1
1727
Optional IBM System Storage EXP3000 (Dual ESM)
1 to 3
39R6536
DS3000 Partition Expansion License
1
This configuration will also require cabling between the chassis and the storage server and between the
storage server and expansion units. (The cable part numbers are not listed in the table.)
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
4
Take these considerations into account when planning external SAS-based disk storage server
attachments:
z
DS3200 is supported for both data storage and boot from SAN when attached to the supported
BladeCenter chassis.
z
DS3200 Dual Controller version (1726-22X) is the only supported storage server. The DS3200
single-controller version is not supported.
z
Each SAS connectivity module must be attached to one of the controllers in the DS3200, but not to
both. That is, having redundant paths from a single SAS Connectivity Module to both DS3200
controllers is not supported.
z
Up to 48 hot swap 3.5” disk drives with SAS or SATA interface are supported. Up to three EXP3000
expansion units are supported. The intermixing of SAS and SATA drives is supported. Note, however,
that you cannot use both SAS and SATA drives in the same array.
z
DS3200 can be attached to up to 14 blade servers (one chassis). A Partition Expansion License is
required to support more than four host server blades.
z
RAID levels 0, 1, 10, 3, 5, and 6 are supported by DS3200.
z
A maximum of 48 drives is supported in a single RAID 0, 1, and 10 array.
z
A maximum of 30 drives is supported in a single RAID array for other RAID levels (3, 5, and 6).
z
The logical volume size can be greater than 2 TB.
z
One SAS host interface per controller is supported. The optional DS3200 SAS 2-port Daughter Card
(39R6509, feature code 4836) is not supported in this configuration.
z
Optional FlashCopy and VolumeCopy options are available.
BladeCenter S integrated storage - basic RAID functionality
The configuration shown in Figure 4 connects the onboard SAS RAID controller of support blade servers
to the integrated BladeCenter S storage using the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) in each server and IBM
SAS Connectivity Modules in the BladeCenter S chassis. In this configuration, the RAID functionality is
provided by the RAID controller on the system planar of the blade server.
Figure 4. IBM BladeCenter S with basic RAID functionality
The components used in this configuration are listed in Table 5.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
5
Table 5. Components used when connecting the HS22 onboard RAID controller to the integrated
BladeCenter S storage
Diagram
reference
Part number / Machine
type
Description
Quantity
Varies
BladeCenter HS22 or other supported server
1 to 6
43W4068
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
1 per
server
8886
BladeCenter S
1
39Y9195
IBM BladeCenter SAS Connectivity Module
1 or 2
43W3581
IBM BladeCenter S 6-Disk Storage Module (DSM)
1 or 2
Not applicable
Onboard RAID controller
integrated
Take these considerations into account when planning BladeCenter S basic local storage
implementations:
z
Every blade requiring integrated storage connectivity must have one SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv)
installed.
z
At least one BladeCenter S Disk Storage Module (DSM) must be installed into the BladeCenter S
chassis; a maximum of two DSMs are supported in one chassis. The IBM BladeCenter S does not
ship with any DSMs as standard.
z
At least one SAS Connectivity Module must be installed into the BladeCenter S chassis. A maximum
of two SAS modules are supported for redundancy and high availability purposes.
z
Each physical hard disk drive in any DSM can be assigned to the one blade server only, and the
blade itself sees this physical disk (or disks) as its own hard disk drives connected via SAS
Connectivity Card. That is, there are no LUNs, storage partitions, and so forth as in shared storage
systems. Instead, each blade has its own set of physical disks residing in DSM (or DSMs).
z
The SAS Connectivity Module controls disk assignments by using zoning-like techniques, which
results in the SAS module maintaining single, isolated dedicated paths between physical HDDs and
the blade server. Configuration of HDD assignments is done by the administrator, and the
administrator uses predefined templates or creates custom configurations.
z
The RAID functionality is supplied by the onboard disk controller in the blade servers. RAID levels
supported by onboard RAID controller on blade itself are:
z
z
z
RAID-0 (Integrated Striping - IS)
RAID-1 (Integrated Mirroring - IM)
RAID-1E (Integrated Mirroring Enhanced - IME)
z
The maximum number of drives supported by the IM volume is two plus one optional global hot spare.
The IME volume supports up to ten HDDs plus two optional hot spares. The IS volume supports up to
ten HDDs. The IS volume does not support hot spare drives.
z
When creating a RAID-1 array, we recommend you span both disk storage modules. This maximizes
availability of data in the event that one of the paths to the disks is lost, because there is only one
connection to each disk storage modules in case two SAS Connectivity Modules are used.
z
Mixing HDDs of different capacities in a single volume is supported. However, the total volume size is
aligned with the size of the smallest HDD, and excess space on larger-sized HDDs is not used.
z
Supported combinations of volumes include:
z
Two IM or IME volume per blade server
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
6
z
z
One IM or IME volume and IS volume per blade server
Two IS volumes per blade server
z
Each blade with an SAS expansion card has access to its assigned HDDs in both DSMs, even if only
one SAS Connectivity module is present. Potentially, all 12 drives in both DSMs can be assigned to
the single blade server. However, only 10 HDDs can be used in a single volume. You can create
either two volumes to utilize the capacity of all drives, or designate the remaining two drives as hot
spares.
z
Both SAS and SATA hot swap HDDs are supported, and intermix of SAS/SATA drives is supported
as well. However, each volume must have hard disks of the same type, that is, SAS or SATA.
z
External disk storage attachments are not supported.
BladeCenter S integrated storage - advanced RAID functionality with shared storage
The configuration shown in Figure 5 connects the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) installed in each blade
server to the integrated BladeCenter S storage using two IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller
Modules in the BladeCenter S chassis. In this configuration, the RAID functionality is provided by the
RAID Controller Modules in the BladeCenter chassis (and not by the RAID controller that is on the blade
server's system planar).
Figure 5. IBM BladeCenter S with advanced RAID functionality
The parts used in this configuration are listed in Table 6.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
7
Table 6. Components used when connecting the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) to the integrated
BladeCenter S storage with support for shared storage
Diagram
reference
Part number / Machine
type
Description
Quantity
Varies
BladeCenter HS22 or other supported server
1 to 6
43W4068
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
1 per
server
8886
BladeCenter S
1
43W3584
IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller Module
2 required
43W3581
IBM BladeCenter S 6-Disk Storage Module (DSM)
1 or 2
Take these considerations into account when planning BladeCenter S advanced shared storage
implementations:
z
Every blade requiring integrated storage connectivity must have one SAS Connectivity Card installed.
z
At least one DSM must be installed into the BladeCenter S chassis; a maximum of two DSMs are
supported in one chassis. The IBM BladeCenter S does not ship with any DSMs as standard.
z
Two SAS RAID Controller Modules must be installed into the BladeCenter S chassis.
z
The SAS RAID Controller Module creates storage pools (or arrays), and the RAID level is defined for
these storage pools. Logical volumes are created from storage pools. Volumes can be assigned to
specific blades, or be shared by several blade servers.
z
Zoning is supported by the SAS RAID controller module. However, zoning should not be used for
regular operations (that is, for purposes other than troubleshooting).
z
The RAID functionality is supplied by the SAS RAID Controller Modules installed into the BladeCenter
S chassis.
z
z
z
z
RAID levels supported: 0, 1, 5, 10.
Maximum volume size is 2 TB.
Maximum number of volumes is eight per blade server (for a total of 48 volumes per chassis).
One volume can be mapped to all six blades in the chassis.
z
Mixing HDDs of different capacities in a single volume is supported. However, the total volume size is
aligned with the size of the smallest HDD, and excess space on larger-sized HDDs is not used.
z
Both SAS and Near-line SAS (NL SAS) hot swap HDDs are supported, and intermixing SAS/NL SAS
drives is supported as well. However, each storage pool must have hard disks of the same type, that
is, SAS or NL SAS. SATA drives are not supported by the SAS RAID Controller Module.
z
Global hot-spare drives are supported. The drive designated as a hot-spare should be as large as or
larger than other drives in the system.
z
Blade boot from logical volume is supported.
z
Path failover is supported with IBM Subsystem Device Driver Device Specific Module (SDD DSM) for
Windows and Device Mapper Multipath (DMM) for Red Hat/Novell SUSE Linux.
z
Currently, external storage attachments are not supported.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
8
Supported operating systems
The SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) supports the following operating systems:
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Web x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Standard x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Enterprise x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Datacenter x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 and 2003 R2, Standard x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 and 2003 R2, Enterprise x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 and 2003 R2, Datacenter x64 and x86 Editions
Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 and 2003 R2 Standard Edition
Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 and 2003 R2 Premium Edition
Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 Server Edition
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 with Xen for AMD64/EM64T
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 with Xen for x86
See IBM ServerProven for the latest information on the specific versions and service packs supported:
http://ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/. Select the blade server and then select the
expansion card to see the supported operating systems.
Related publications
For more information refer to these documents:
z
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) Installation and User Guide:
http://www.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=psg1MIGR-5079707
z
IBM US Announcement Letter for the SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv)
http://ibm.com/common/ssi/cgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=dd&subtype=ca&&htmlfid=897/ENUS109-101
z
IBM BladeCenter Interoperability Guide
http://www.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=psg1MIGR-5073016
z
IBM Redbooks publication IBM BladeCenter Products and Technology:
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/abstracts/sg247523.html
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
9
Notices
This information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.
IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in other countries. Consult your local
IBM representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an
IBM product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM product, program, or service may
be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property
right may be used instead. However, it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any non-IBM
product, program, or service. IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described
in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. You can send
license inquiries, in writing, to:
IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, North Castle Drive, Armonk, NY 10504-1785 U.S.A.
The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions
are inconsistent with local law: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS
PUBLICATION "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain
transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you. This information could include technical inaccuracies or
typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in
new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s)
described in this publication at any time without notice.
Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner
serve as an endorsement of those Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this
IBM product and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.IBM may use or distribute any of the information you
supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. Information concerning non-IBM
products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their published announcements or other publicly
available sources. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility
or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be
addressed to the suppliers of those products. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily
business operations. To illustrate them as completely as possible, the examples include the names of individuals,
companies, brands, and products. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses
used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental.
Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Therefore, the results obtained
in other operating environments may vary significantly. Some measurements may have been made on
development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally
available systems. Furthermore, some measurement may have been estimated through extrapolation. Actual results
may vary. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment.
COPYRIGHT LICENSE:
This information contains sample application programs in source language, which illustrate programming techniques
on various operating platforms. You may copy, modify, and distribute these sample programs in any form without
payment to IBM, for the purposes of developing, using, marketing or distributing application programs conforming to
the application programming interface for the operating platform for which the sample programs are written. These
examples have not been thoroughly tested under all conditions. IBM, therefore, cannot guarantee or imply reliability,
serviceability, or function of these programs.
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2009. All rights reserved.
Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights -- Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by
GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
10
This document was created or updated on May 15, 2009.
Send us your comments in one of the following ways:
Use the online Contact us review form found at:
ibm.com/redbooks
Send your comments in an e-mail to:
z
redbook@us.ibm.com
Mail your comments to:
z
IBM Corporation, International Technical Support Organization
Dept. HYTD Mail Station P099
2455 South Road
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601-5400 U.S.A.
z
This document is available online at http://www.ibm.com/redbooks/abstracts/tips0701.html .
Trademarks
IBM, the IBM logo, and ibm.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business
Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. These and other IBM trademarked
terms may also be registered or common law trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM
trademarks is available on the Web at http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml
The following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United
States, other countries, or both:
BladeCenter®
IBM®
Redbooks®
Redbooks (logo)®
System Storage™
The following terms are trademarks of other companies:
SUSE, the Novell logo, and the N logo are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc. in the United States and
other countries.
Enterprise Linux, Red Hat, and the Shadowman logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat,
Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.
Microsoft, Windows Server, Windows, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in
the United States, other countries, or both.
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.
Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.
SAS Connectivity Card (CIOv) for IBM BladeCenter
11