SPECIFICATION
SilverStone Zeus ST85ZF
Switching Power Supply
With Active PFC
PS/2 850W
1. General
This specification describes the electrical characteristics, functional and physical of a PS/2 850 watts
switching power supply with Active PFC (Power Factor Correction) capabilities.
2. AC Input Characteristics
2.1 AC Input Voltage, Frequency and Current ( Rating: 100V-240Vac, 47-63Hz, 12-6A )
The power supply must operate within all specified limits over the input voltage range in Table 1.
Harmonics distortion of up to 10% THD must not cause the power supply to go out of specified limits.
Parameter
Minimum
Rated
Maximum
Max. Current
Voltage (115V)
90 Vac
100-120Vac
132 Vac
12A
Voltage (230V)
180 Vac
200-240Vac
264Vac
6A
Frequency
47 Hz
50 / 60 Hz
63 Hz
Table 1 – AC Input Voltage and Frequency
2.2 AC Inrush Current
AC line inrush current shall not damage any component nor cause the AC line fuse to blow under any DC
conditions and with any specified AC line input voltage and frequency. Repetitive On/Off cycling of the AC
input voltage shall not damage the power supply.
2.3 Input Power Factor Correction ( Active PFC)
The power factor at full load shall be ≥ 0.95 at nominal input voltage.
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Switching Power Supply
SilverStone Technology Co., Ltd.
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2.4 Input Current Harmonics
When the power supply is operated in 90-264Vac of Sec. 2.1, the input harmonic current drawn on the
power line shall not exceed the limits set by EN61000-3-2 class “D” standards. The power supply shall
incorporate universal power input with active power factor correction.
2.5 AC Line Dropout
An AC line dropout of 17mS or less shall not cause any tripping of control signals or protection circuits.
If the AC dropout lasts longer than 17mS the power supply should recover and meet all turn on requirements.
The power supply shall meet the regulation requirement over all rated AC voltages, frequencies, and output
loading conditions. Any dropout of the AC line shall not cause damage to the power supply. An AC line
dropout is defined as a drop in AC line to 0VAC at any phase of the AC line for any length of time.
2.6 AC Surge Voltages
The power supply shall be tested and be compliant with the requirements of IEC61000-4-5 Level 3 criteria for
surge withstand capability, with the following conditions and exceptions. The test equipment and calibrated
waveforms shall comply with the requirements of IEC61000-4-5 for open circuit voltage and short circuit
current.
■ These input transients must not cause any out of regulation conditions, such as overshoot and undershoot,
nor must it cause any nuisance trips of the power supply protection circuits.
■ The surge-withstand test must not produce damage to the power supply.
■ The power supply must meet surge-withstand test condition under maximum and minimum DC output load
conditions.
2.7 Surge Immunity, IEC61000-4-5
The peak value of the unidirectional surge waveform shall be 2KV for common mode and 1KV for differential
mode of transient surge injection. No unsafe operation or no user noticeable degradation is allowed under any
condition. Automatic or manual recovery is allowed for other conditions.
2.8 Electrical Fast Transient / Burst, IEC61000-4-4
No unsafe operation allowed under any condition . No user noticeable performance degradation up to 1KV is
allowed. Automatic or manual recovery is allowed for other conditions.
2.9 Electrical Discharge, IEC61000-4-2
In addition to IEC61000-4-2, the following ESD tests should be conducted. Each surface area of the unit under
test should be subjected to twenty (20) successive static discharges, at each of the follow voltages: 2KV, 3KV,
4KV, 5KV, 6KV and 8KV.
All power supply outputs shall continue to operate within the parameters of this specification, without glitches
or interruption, while the power is operating as defined and subjected to 2kV through 10kV ESD pulses. The
direct ESD event shall not cause any out of regulation conditions such as overshoot or undershoot. The power
supply shall withstand these shocks without nuisance trips of the Over-Voltage Protection, Over-Current
Protection, or the remote +5VDC, +12VDC shutdown circuitry.
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2.10 Radiated Immunity, IEC61000-4-3
Frequency
Electric Field Strength
27 MHz to 500 MHz, un-modulated
3 V/m
3. DC Output Specification
3.1 Output Current / Loading
The following tables define two power and current rating. The power supply shall meet both static and
dynamic voltage regulation requirements for minimum load condition.
Output
Voltage
+5V
+3.3V
+12V1
+12V2 +12V3
Max. Load
30A
24A
18A
18A
Min. Load
1.0A
1.5A
0.8A
0.8A
+12V4
-12V
+5VSB
18A
18A
0.5A
3A
0.5A
0.5A
0A
0.1A
Table 5 – Output Loads Range 1:
Note 1: The +5 & +3.3 Volt total output shall not exceed 180 W.
Note 2: Maximum continuous total DC output power should not exceed 850 W.
Note 3: Maximum continuous load on the combined 12 V output shall not exceed 70 A.
3.2 DC Voltage Regulation, Ripple and Noise
The power supply output voltages must stay within the following voltage limits when operating at steady state
and dynamic loading conditions. All outputs are measured with reference to the return remote sense (ReturnS)
signal. The +5V,+3.3V, +12V, -12V and +5VSB outputs are measure at the power supply connectors
references to ReturnS. The +5V and +3.3V is measured at its remote sense signal (+5VS+, +3.3VS+) located
at the signal connector.
Output
Voltage
+5V
+3.3V
+12V1 +12V2 +12V3 +12V4
Load Reg.
+/-5%
+/-5%
+/-5%
Line Reg.
±1%
±1%
±1%
Ripple & Noise 50mV
+/-5%
±1%
+/-5%
±1%
-12V
+5VSB
+/-5% +/-10% +/-5%
±1%
±1%
±1%
50mV 120mV 120mV 120mV 120mV 120mV 50mV
Table 7 – Regulation, ripple and noise
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Ripple and noise shall be measured using the following methods:
a) Measurements made differentially to eliminate common-mode noise
b) Ground lead length of oscilloscope probe shall be ≤ 0.25 inch.
c) Measurements made where the cable connectors attach to the load.
d) Outputs bypassed at the point of measurement with a parallel combination of
10uF tantalum capacitor in parallel with a 0.1uF ceramic capacitors.
e) Oscilloscope bandwidth of 0 Hz to 20MHz.
f) Measurements measured at locations where remote sense wires are connected.
g) Regulation tolerance shall include temperature change, warm up drift and dynamic load
3.3 Dynamic Loading
The output voltages shall remain within the limits specified in Table 7 for the step loading and within the limits
specified in Table 8 for the capacitive loading. The load transient repetition rate shall be tested between 50Hz
and 5kHz at duty cycle ranging from 10%-90%. The load transient repetition rate is only a test specification.
The Δstep load may occur anywhere within the MIN load to the MAX load shown in Table 5.
Output
ΔStep Load Size
Load Slew Rate
Capacitive Load
+5V
30% of Max. Load
0.5 A/uS
1,000 uF
+3.3V
30% of Max. Load
0.5 A/uS
1,000 uF
+12V Combine
65% of Max. Load
0.5 A/uS
2,200 uF
+5VSB
25% of Max. Load
0.5 A/uS
1 uF
Table 8 – Transient Load requirements
3.4 Capacitive Loading
The power supply shall be stable and meet all requirements, except dynamic loading requirements, with the
following capacitive loading ranges.
Output
MIN
MAX
Units
+5V
10
12,000
uF
+3.3V
10
12,000
uF
+12V
10
11,000
uF
-12V
1
350
uF
+5VSB
1
350
uF
Table 9 – Capacitive Loading Conditions
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3.5 Timing Requirements
These are the timing requirements for the power assembly operation. The output voltages must rise from 10%
to within regulation limits (Tvout_rise) within 5 to 70mS. The +5V, +3.3V and +12V output voltages should start
to rise at about the same time. All outputs must rise monotonically. The +5V output needs to be greater than
the +3.3V output during any point of the voltage rise. The +5V output must never be greater than the +3.3V
output by more than 2.25V. Each output voltage shall reach regulation within 50 mS (Tvout_on) of each other
during turn on of the power supply. Each output voltage shall fall out of regulation within 400 mS (Tvout_off) of
each other during turn off. Figure 1 and figure 2 show the turn On and turn Off timing requirement. In Figure 2,
the timing is shown with both AC and PSON# controlling the On/Off of the power supply.
Item
Description
Tvout_rise
Output voltage rise time from each main output.(+5Vsb < 70mS)
Tvout_on
Tvout_off
MIN
MAX
Units
5
70
mS
All main output must be within regulation of each other within
this time.
50
mS
All main output must leave regulation within this time
400
mS
Table 10 – Output Voltage Timing
Vout
V1
10% Vout
V2
V3
V4
Tvout_on
Tvout_off
Tvout_rise
Figure 1 : Output Voltage Timing
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Item
Description
Tsb_on-delay
MIN
MAX
Units
Delay from AC being applied to +5VSB being within regulation.
1500
mS
Tac_on-delay
Delay from AC being applied to all output voltages being
within regulation.
2500
mS
Tvout_holdup
Time all output voltage stay within regulation after loss of AC
18
mS
Tpwok_holdup
Delay from loss of AC deassertion of PWOK.
17
mS
Tpson_on_delay
Delay from PSON# active to output voltage within regulation
limits.
5
Tpson_pwok
Delay from PSON# deactive to
Tpwok_on
Delay from output voltage within regulation limits to PWOK
asserted at turn on.
100
Tpwok_off
Delay from PWOK deasserted to output voltages (+5V, +3.3V,
+12V, -12V) dropping out of regulation limits.
1
mS
Tpwok_low
Duration of PWOK being in the deasserted state during an off/on
cycle using AC or the PSON# signal. .
100
mS
Tsb_vout
Delay from +5VSB being in regulation to O/Ps being in regulation at
AC turn on.
50
PWOK being deasserted.
400
mS
50
mS
500
mS
1000
mS
Table 11 – Turn On/Off Timing
AC Input
AC Off
AC On
Tvout_holdup
Vout
Tac_on-delay
Tpwok_low
Tsb_on-delay
PWOK
+5VSB
Tpwok_on
Tsb_vout
Tpwok_off
Tpwok_holdup
Tpwok_off
Tsb_on-delay
Tpwok_on
Tpson_pwok
Tsb_holdup
Min.>70mS
Tpson_on_delay
PSON#
AC turn 0n/off cycle
PSON turn on/off cycle
Figure 2 : Turn On/Off Timing
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3.6 Power Good Signal : PWOK
PSOK is a power OK signal and will be pulled HIGH by the power supply to indicate that all the outputs are
within the regulation limits of the power supply. When any output voltage falls below regulation limits or
when AC power has been removed for a time sufficiently long so that power supply operation is no longer
guaranteed, PWOK will be deasserted to a LOW state. See for a representation of the timing characteristics of
PWOK. The start of PWOK delay time shall inhibited as long as any power supply output is in current limit.
Signal Type
Open collector/drain output from
power supply. Pull-up to VSB located
in power supply.
PWOK = High
Power OK
PWOK = Low
Power is Not OK
MIN
MAX
Logic level low voltage, Isink = 4mA
0V
0.4V
Logic level high voltage, Isource = 200μA
2.4V
5.25V
Sink current, PWOK = Low
4mA
Source current, PWOK = High
2mA
PWOK delay: Tpwok_on
100mSec
PWOK rise and fall time
1000mSec
100μSec
PWOK down delay : Tpwok_off
2mSec
200mSec
Table 12 – PWOK Signal Characteristics
3.7 Remote On/Off Control : PSON#
The PSON# signal is required to remotely turn on/off the power supply. PSON# is an active low signal that
turns on the +5V, +3.3V, +12V and –12V power rails. When this signal is not pulled low by the system, or
left open, the outputs(except the +5VSB and Vbias) turn off. This signal is pulled to a standby voltage by a
pull-up resistor internal to the power supply.
Signal Type
Accepts an open collector/drain input
from the system. Pull-up to VSB locted
in power supply.
PSON# = Low
Power ON
PSON# = Open
Power OFF
MIN
MAX
Logic level low (Power supply ON)
0V
1.0V
Logic level low (Power supply OFF)
2.0V
5.25V
Source current, Vpson = Low
4mA
Power up delay: Tpson_on_delay
5mSec
PWOK delay : Tpson_pwok
400mSec
50mSec
Table 13 – PWOK Signal Characteristics
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3.8 Overshoot at Turn-on /Turn-off
Any output overshoot at turn on shall be less than 10% of the nominal output value. Any overshoot shall
recover to within regulation in less than 10ms.
3.9 Efficiency
The minimum power supply system efficiency shall be ≥ 80% with maximum efficiency up to 87%, measured
at nominal input voltage 115 V or 230 V and full loading.
3.10 +5VSB (Standby)
The +5VSB output is always on (+5V Standby) when AC power is applied and power switch is turned on. The
+5VSB line is capable of delivering at a maximum of 3.0A for PC board circuit to operate.
4. Protection
Protection circuits inside the power supply shall cause only the power supply’s main outputs to shutdown. If
the power supply latches off due to a protection circuit tripping, either a AC cycle OFF for 15 sec, or PSON#
cycle HIGH for 1 sec must be able to restart the power supply.
4.1 Over Current Protection
This power supply shall have current limit to prevent the +5V, +3.3V, and +12V outputs from exceeding the
values shown in table 14. The current limit shall not trip under maximum continuous load or peak loading as
described in Table 5. The power supply shall latch off if the current exceeds the limit. The latch shall be
cleared by toggling the PSON# signal or by cycling the AC power. The power supply shall not be damaged
from repeated power cycling in this condition. The –12V and +5VSB outputs shall be shorted circuit protected
so that no damage can occur to the power supply.
Voltage
Minimum
Maximum
Shutdown Mode
+5V
110%
150%
Latch Off
+3.3V
110%
150%
Latch Off
+12V
110%
150%
Latch Off
Table 14 –Over Current protection
4.2 Over Voltage Protection
Power supply shall shut down in latch off mode when the output voltage exceeds the over voltage limit.
Voltage
Minimum
Maximum
Shutdown Mode
+5V
+5.7V
+6.5V
Latch Off
+3.3V
+3.9V
+4.5V
Latch Off
+12V1,2,3,4,5
+13.3V
+14.5V
Latch Off
-12V
-13.3
-14.5
Latch Off
5VSB
5.7
6.5
Latch Off
Table 15 –Over Voltage protection
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4.3 Short Circuit Protection
The power supply shall shut down in a latch off mode when the output voltage is short circuit.
4.4 No Load Operation
When the primary power is applied, with no load on any output voltage, no damage or hazardous
conditions shall occur.
5. Environmental Requirements
5.1 Temperature
0°C ~ 50°C (32°F~ 122°F)
Operating Temperature Range:
Non-Operating Temperature Range:
-40°C ~ 70°C (-40°F~ 158°F)
5.2 Humidity
Operating Humidity Range:
20% ~ 90%RH non-condensing
Non-Operating Humidity Range:
5% ~ 95%RH non-condensing
5.3 Altitude
Operating Altitude Range:
Sea level to 10,000 ft
Non-Operating Altitude Range:
Sea level to 40,000 ft
5.4 Mechanical Shock
The power supply (non-operating) shall not be damaged during a shock of 50G with an 11 mS half sin wave,
non-operating. The shock to be applied in each of the orthogonal axes.
5.5 Vibration (Operating and Non-operating)
The power supply shall be subjected to a vibration test consisting of a 10 to 300 Hz sweep at a constant
acceleration of 2.0g for duration of one (1) hour for each of the perpendicular axes X, Y and Z,
0.1 octave/minute. The output voltages shall remain within specification.
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6. Agency Requirements
6.1 Safety Certification.
Product Safety:
UL 60950 2000Edition, IEC60950, 3rd Edition
EU Low Voltage Directive(73/23/EEC) (CB)
TUV, CCC
RFI Emission:
FCC Part15 (Radiated & Conducted Emissions)
CISPR 22,3rd Edition/ EN55022 Class B)
PFC Harmonic:
EN 61000-3-2
Flicker:
EN 61000-3-3
Immunity against:
-Electrostatic discharge:
EN55024: 1998
-IEC 61000-4-2 Min. 4kV contact discharge
Min. 8kV air discharge
-IEC 61000-4-3 Min. 10V/m
-IEC 61000-4-4 Min 2kV AC input lines
Min 1kV on data lines
-IEC 61000-4-5 Min 2kV common mode
Min 1kV differential mode
-IEC 61000-4-6
-IEC 61000-4-11
-Radiated field strength:
-Fast transients:
-Surge voltage:
-RF Conducted
-Voltage Dips and Interruptions
Table 16 –Safety Certification
6.2 AC Input Leakage Current
Input leakage current from line to ground will be less than 3.5mA rms. Measurement will be made at
240 VAC and 60Hz.
6.3 Production Line Testing
100% of the power supply production must have the following test performed. Each power shall be marked
indicating the testing was done and passed. Typically this is done by stamping or labeling the power supply
with “Hi-pot test OK”.
6.4 Hi-Pot Testing
Each power supply must be Hi-pot tested according UL and TUV requirements, Minimum typical testing
voltage for Hi-pot testing are 1500Vac or 2121Vdc. However depending on the power supply design the
testing voltage May be higher. If higher the power supplies shell be at the higher value.
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6.5 Ground Continuity Testing
UL and TUV require that each power supply ground is tested, to ensure there is continuity between the ground
inlet of the power supply and the power supply chassis. This can be performed with an ohm meter, or an
electronic circuit that lights up and illustrates the ground has continuity.
Based on EN50116, ERG or TUV require that each power supply ground id tested with a 25Amp ground test.
7. Reliability
7.1 Mean Time Between failures (MTBF)
The MTBF of the power supply shall be calculated utilizing the Part-Stress Analysis method of MIL217F or
Bellcore RPP. The calculated MTBF of the power supply shall be greater than 100,000 hours under the
following conditions:
Full rated load
120V AC input
Ground Benign
25°C
Technical information in this specification is subject to change without notice.
The revision of specification will be marked on the cover.
8. Connections
8.1 AC Input Connector and DC Wire Harness and Connector Requirements
Please refer to the attachment
9. Physical Characteristics Size
9.1 Power Supply Dimension: 150.0mm(W) x 86.0mm(H) x 180.0mm(D)
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9.2 Pin definition
M/B 24PIN connector
16AWG wire
Orange
Orange(22AWG)
Blue
(18AWG)
Black
Green(20AWG)
Black
Black
Black
N/C
Red
Red
Red
Black
Signal
+3.3V
+3.3Vsense
-12VDC
COM
PS-ON
COM
COM
COM
N/C
+5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
COM
Pin
13
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Pin
1
Signal
+3.3V
16AWG wire
Orange
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
+3.3V
COM
+5VDC
COM
+5VDC
COM
PWRGOOD
+5Vsb
+12V3
+12V3
+3.3V
Orange
Black
Red
Black
Red
Black
Grey (20AWG)
Purple(18AWG)
Yellow
Yellow
Orange
4PIN Molex connector (HDD)
18 AWG wire
Yellow/Black stripe
Black
Black
Red
Signal
+12V3
COM
COM
+5VDC
Pin
1
2
3
4
4PIN floppy connector (FDD)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
+5VDC
COM
COM
+12V3
22AWG wire
Red
Black
Black
Yellow
SATA connector
18AWG wire
Orange
Black
Red
Black
Yellow
Signal
Pin
+3.3V
GND
+5V
GND
+12V2
5
4
3
2
1
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EPS 12V
18AWG wire
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Signal
+12V1
+12V1
+12V2
+12V2
Pin
5
6
7
8
EPS 12V
18AWG wire
Orange
Orange
Yellow
8PIN Connector
Signal
+3.3V
+3.3V
+12V3
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
COM
COM
COM
COM
18AWG wire
Black
Black
Black
Black
6PIN Connector
Pin
1
2
3
Pin
4
5
6
Signal
GND
GND
Yellow
18AWG wire
Black
Black
+12V3
6PIN PCI Express Connector #1 & #2
18AWG wire
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Signal
+12V4
+12V4
+12V4
Pin
1
2
3
Pin
4
5
6
Signal
GND
GND sense
GND
18AWG wire
Black
Black
Black
6PIN PCI Express Connector #3
18AWG wire
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Signal
+12V2
+12V2
+12V2
Pin
1
2
3
Pin
4
5
6
Signal
GND
GND sense
GND
18AWG wire
Black
Black
Black
6PIN PCI Express Connector #4
18AWG wire
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Signal
+12V3
+12V3
+12V3
Pin
1
2
3
Pin
4
5
6
Signal
GND
GND sense
GND
18AWG wire
Black
Black
Black
With dual NVIDIA GeForce 7950GTX cards, please use the following combination of PCI-E connectors only:
PCI-E 1 & PCI-E 2
PCI-E 1 & PCI-E 3
PCI-E 2 & PCI-E 3
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