April 2005 • E-148E
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR REVERSAL FILM
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE
Chrome 200 Film
This medium-speed, daylight-balanced 200-speed color
reversal film is designed for KODAK Chemicals,
Process E-6.
The film offers moderate contrast, along with excellent
color and image structure similar to 100-speed daylight slide
films. It is ideal for general outdoor or daylight
picture-taking under moderate- to low-light conditions.
ELITE Chrome 200 Film also features KODAK
T-GRAIN Emulsion technology for extremely fine grain
and very high sharpness, plus improvements in reciprocity
and manufacturing consistency.
The film is designed for exposure with daylight or
electronic flash. You can also expose it with tungsten
illumination (3200 K) or photolamps (3400 K) using filters.
Use ELITE Chrome 200 Film to produce color
transparencies (slides) for projection. You can make
duplicate transparencies by direct printing. To make color
prints, you can print transparencies onto color reversal paper.
Or make internegatives for printing onto color negative
paper. You can also scan transparencies for digital printing
and for Photo CD applications.
FEATURES
BENEFITS
Color Saturation:
• Enhanced colors while
maintaining
natural-looking skin tones
• Pleasing colors
• Beautiful skin-tone
reproduction
• Contrast of an
EI 100-speed color
reversal film (lower
contrast than other
high-speed color reversal
films)
• Improved reproduction of
highlight and shadow details
• More tone gradation for more
natural-appearing images
Image Structure Technology:
• KODAK T-GRAIN®
Emulsions in all color
records
• Finest grain structure of any
daylight, high-speed color
reversal film on the market
(>100 speed)
• High sharpness
Advanced Color Technology:
• Solid-Particle Filter Dye for • Produces purer colors and
wavelength-selective,
enhanced sharpness
blue- and green-light
• Provides broader range of
protection
blue-light capture
• Patented Stable Super
Active Scavengers (SSAS)
• New spectral sensitizing
dyes
Exposure Reliability:
• Superb reciprocity
• Consistent results in
exposures from 10 seconds to
1/10,000 second with no
exposure or filter corrections
• Improved manufacturing
process
• Excellent roll-to-roll
consistency
Process Reliability:
• Designed for Process E-6
chemicals
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2005
• Process with other films in
Process E-6 without
equipment or process
modifications
MANUFACTURING UNIFORMITY
Daylight
Similar to ELITE Chrome 100 and 400 Films, the 200 film
takes full advantage of Kodak’s new state-of-the-art
manufacturing facility in Rochester, New York. The result is
a film with excellent roll-to-roll consistency and accurate
200 speed.
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before sunset.
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Load and unload film in subdued light.
Store unexposed film in a refrigerator at 55°F (13°C) or
lower in the original sealed package. To avoid moisture
condensation on film that has been refrigerated, allow the
film to warm up to room temperature before opening the
package. Process film as soon as possible after exposure.
Protect transparencies from strong light, and store them in
a cool, dry place. For more information, see KODAK
Publication No. E-30, Storage and Care of KODAK
Photographic Materials—Before and After Processing.
SIZES AVAILABLE
Sizes and catalog numbers may differ from country to
country. See your dealer who supplies Kodak products.
Shutter Speed
Lens
(second)
Opening
Lighting Conditions
Bright/Hazy Sun on Sand or Snow
1/250
ƒ/22
Bright/Hazy Sun, Distinct Shadows
1/250
ƒ/16*
Weak, Hazy Sun, Soft Shadows
1/250
ƒ/11
Cloudy Bright, No Shadows
1/250
ƒ/8
1/250
ƒ/5.6
Heavy Overcast or Open
Shade†
* Use ƒ/8 for backlit close-up subjects.
† Subjects shaded from sun but lit by large area of clear sky.
Electronic Flash
Use the appropriate guide number in the following table as a
starting point for your equipment. First select the unit output
closest to the number given by your flash manufacturer. Then
find the guide number for feet or metres. To determine the
lens opening, divide the guide number by the flash-to-subject
distance. If transparencies are consistently too thin
(overexposed), use a higher guide number; if they are too
dense (underexposed), use a lower number.
Guide Number
Unit Output
(BCPS*)
Distance in Feet
Distance in Metres
350
60
18
500
70
21
700
85
26
1000
100
30
1400
120
36
2000
140
42
2800
170
50
4000
200
60
EXPOSURE
5600
240
70
Exposure Index Numbers
8000
280
85
Rolls
Code
Base
135-24
135-24 (carded)
ED
5-mil acetate
135-36
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
Use the exposure index numbers below with cameras or light
meters marked for ISO or ASA speeds or exposure indexes.
Do not change the film-speed setting when metering through
a filter. Metering through filters may affect meter accuracy;
see your meter or camera manual for specific information.
For critical work, make a series of test exposures.
Light Source
Daylight or Electronic Flash
Tungsten (3200 K)
2
* BCPS=beam candlepower seconds.
KODAK WRATTEN Exposure
Gelatin Filter
Index
None
200
No. 80A
50
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 200 Film • E-148E
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge
Lamps
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure adjustments
below as starting points to expose this film under fluorescent
or high-intensity discharge lamps. For critical applications,
make a series of test exposures under your actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure times
of 1/60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps; with
high-intensity discharge lamps, use 1/125 second or longer.
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required for
exposures from 1/10,000 to 10 seconds.
Note: This information applies only when exposing the film
to daylight. The data are based on average emulsions
rounded to the nearest 1/2 stop and assume normal,
recommended processing. Use the data only as a guide. For
critical applications, make tests under your conditions.
PROCESSING
Type of Fluorescent
Lamp
KODAK Color
Compensating Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
Daylight
50R
+1 stop
White
40M
+2⁄3 stop
Warm White
20C + 40M
+1 stop
Warm White Deluxe
30B + 30C
+1 1⁄3 stops
Cool White
40M + 10Y
+1 stop
Cool White Deluxe
20C + 10M
+2⁄3 stop
Note: When you do not know the type of fluorescent lamps,
try a 30M filter and increase exposure by 2/3 stop; color
rendition will probably be less than optimum.
Process ELITE Chrome 200 Film in KODAK Chemicals,
Process E-6.
RETOUCHING TRANSPARENCIES
Use KODAK E-6 Transparency Retouching Dyes. You can
retouch only the emulsion side of this film. For information
on retouching equipment, supplies, and techniques, see
KODAK Publication No. E-68, Retouching Transparencies
on KODAK EKTACHROME Film.
PRINTING TRANSPARENCIES
High-Intensity
Discharge Lamp
KODAK Color
Exposure
Compensating Filters Adjustment
General Electric
Lucalox*
80B + 20C
+2 1⁄3 stops
General Electric
Multi-Vapor
20R + 20M
+2⁄3 stop
Deluxe White Mercury
30R + 30M
+1 1⁄3 stops
70R
+1 1⁄3 stops
Clear Mercury
You can make color prints or enlargements photographically
by making an internegative and printing on Kodak color
negative paper.
You can also make prints and enlargements with a
KODAK Picture Maker. This self-serve picture kiosk makes
prints from wallet to 8 x 10-inches, and allows you to remove
red-eye, add text and borders, and make calendars. See your
photo dealer for availability in your area.
* This is a high-pressure sodium-vapor lamp. The information in
the table may not apply to other manufacturers’ sodium-vapor
lamps because of differences in spectral characteristics.
Note: Consult the manufacturer of high-intensity lamps for
ozone ventilation requirements and safety information on
ultraviolet radiation.
Some primary color filters were used in the previous
tables to reduce the number of filters and keep the exposure
adjustment to a minimum. Red filters were substituted for
equivalent filtration in magenta and yellow. Blue filters were
substituted for equivalent filtration in cyan and magenta.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 200 Film • E-148E
3
Modulation-Transfer Curves
SCANNING TRANSPARENCIES
IMAGE STRUCTURE
Diffuse rms Granularity* 12
*Read at a gross diffuse visual density of 1.0, using a
48-micrometre aperture, 12X magnification.
200
100
70
50
B
RESPONSE (%)
30
20
G
10
R
7
5
3
Exposure: Daylight
Process: E-6
2
1
1
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
F009_0061AC
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
2.0
1.0
YellowForming
Layer
CyanForming
Layer
MagentaForming
Layer
0.0
1.0
Effective Exposure: 0.1 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: 1.0
Density: E.N.D.
2.0
250
Characteristic Curves
2
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
LOG SENSITIVITY *
You can easily scan ELITE Chrome 200 Film with a variety
of linear-array-CCD, area-array-CCD, and PMT film
scanners. You can scan slides on desk-top scanners as well as
high-end drum scanners.
Because no standards exist to define the colored filter sets
that film scanners use to capture the red, green, and blue
information of the film image, each manufacturer’s scanner
has its own characteristic output. The output depends on the
scanner’s sensitivity to the dyes in the film. This sensitivity
is determined by the spectral distribution of the colored filter
sets and/or the spectral sensitivity of the
charge-coupled-device (CCD). In addition to these spectral
specifications, scanner output depends on the look-up tables
or matrices that the scanner uses to output information for
CRT monitors, transmission, etc. These tables or matrices
are part of either “plug-in” programs used with specific
software packages designed for image manipulation,
updateable ROMs included with the equipment, or fixed
algorithms for calibrating and balancing.
The generic “color slide film” setting available with
scanner software is only a starting point. You can adjust the
final color balance and the scene-dependent contrast and
brightness of an image by using the scanner’s controls
during pre-scan, or by using an image-manipulation software
program or workstation after acquisition. Some scanners
allow you to use “plug-in” programs to customize scanner
setups.
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
WAVELENGTH (nm)
2
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (erg/cm ) required
to produce specified density
4.0
B
G
F009_0060AC
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this
publication represent product tested under the conditions of
exposure and processing specified. They are representative
of production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to
a particular box or roll of photographic material. They do not
represent standards or specifications that must be met by
Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right
to change and improve product characteristics at any time.
R
3.0
DENSITY
Exposure: Daylight 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
2.0
1.0
0.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
4
1.0
F009_0059AC
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 200 Film • E-148E
MORE INFORMATION
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY
1.5
Kodak has many publications to assist you with information on
Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
The following publication are available from dealers who
sell Kodak products, or you can contact Kodak in your country
for more information.
Normalized dyes to form a visual neutral density of 1.0
for a viewing illuminant of 5000 K.
Process: E-6
Visual Neutral
1.0
Yellow
Cyan
Magenta
0.5
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E-68
Retouching Transparencies on KODAK
EKTACHROME Film
E-126E
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome Extra
Color 100 Film
E-149E
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 400
Film
E-7014E
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 100
Film
Z-119
Using KODAK Chemicals, Process E-6
0.0
400
500
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
700
F009_0062AC
For the latest version of technical support publications for
KODAK Products,
visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com
If you have questions about KODAK Products, call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 200 Film
are available from dealers who supply Kodak products. You
can use other materials, but you may not obtain similar results.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 200 Film • E-148E
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE Chrome 200 Film
AT-A-GLANCE FILM SELECTOR
KODAK
Film Speed
PROFESSIONAL
(Exposure Index)
Film
Exposure
Lighting
Conditions
Grain
Process
For Color Slides
ELITE Chrome
100
EI 100
Medium
Daylight
Bright, hazy sun
Enlargements
Extremely fine
E-6
ELITE Chrome
Extra Color 100
EI 100
Daylight or
Electronic Flash
Outdoor or indoor
with flaSh
Extremely fine
E-6
ELITE Chrome
200
EI 200
Medium
Daylight
Multi-purpose use
Extremely fine
E-6
ELITE Chrome
400
EI 400
Medium
Daylight
Low light
Fast Action
Fine
E-6
Digital and Film Imaging Systems
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY • ROCHESTER, NY 14650
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ELITE
Chrome 200 Film
KODAK Publication No. E-148E
CAT 862 5253
Kodak, Elite, Ektachrome, T-Grain, and Wratten, are trademarks.
Minor Revision 4-05
Printed in U.S.A.