AP-5131 Access Point
Product Reference Guide
AP-5131 Access Point
Product Reference Guide
72E-70930-01
Revision A
October 2005
© 2005 by Symbol Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Contents
About This Guide
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Document Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Service Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Chapter 1. AP-5131 Introduction
Feature Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single or Dual Mode Radio Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Separate LAN and WAN Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multiple Mounting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antenna Support for 2.4 GHz and 5.2 GHz Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sixteen Configurable WLANs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Support for 4 BSSIDs per Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quality of Service (QoS) Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industry Leading Data Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-5
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Kerberos Authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
EAP Authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
WEP Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
KeyGuard Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Using TKIP Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Firewall Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
VPN Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Content Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
VLAN Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Multiple Management Accessibility Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Updatable Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Programmable SNMP v1/v2/v3 Trap Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Power-over-Ethernet Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
MU-MU Transmission Disallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Voice Prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Support for CAM and PSP MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Statistical Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Transmit Power Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Advanced Event Logging Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Configuration File Import/Export Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Default Configuration Restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
DHCP Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Multi Function LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Theory of Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Cellular Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
Network Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
MAC Layer Bridging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Media Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
MU Association Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Management Access Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
Chapter 2. Hardware Installation
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
v
Available Product Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Placement of the AP-5131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Site Surveys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Antenna Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Power Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Symbol Power Injector System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Installing the Power Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Preparing for Site Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Cabling the Power Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Power Injector LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Mounting the AP-5131. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Desk Mounted Installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Wall Mounted Installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Suspended Ceiling T-Bar Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Above the Ceiling (Plenum) Installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Setting Up MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Chapter 3. Getting Started
Installing the AP-5131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Configuration Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Basic Device Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Configuring Device Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Configuring WLAN Security Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Testing Connectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Where to Go from Here? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Chapter 4. System Configuration
Configuring System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Configuring Data Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Managing Certificate Authority (CA) Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Importing a CA Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Creating Self Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Configuring SNMP Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Configuring SNMP Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Enabling SNMP Traps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Specific SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Importing/Exporting Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating Device Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-19
4-22
4-24
4-26
4-28
4-30
4-34
Chapter 5. Network Management
Configuring the LAN Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Configuring VLAN Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Setting the Type Filter Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Configuring WAN Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Configuring Port Forwarding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24
Configuring WLAN Security Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27
Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29
Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
Configuring Bandwidth Management Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-45
Configuring Router Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-47
Chapter 6. Configuring Access Point Security
Configuring Security Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Setting Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Resetting the AP-5131 Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Configuring Kerberos Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Configuring 802.1x EAP Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Configuring WEP Encryption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Configuring KeyGuard Encryption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Configuring WPA Using TKIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
vii
Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Configuring Firewall Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Configuring LAN to WAN Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-27
Available Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Configuring Advanced LAN Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Configuring VPN Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Configuring Manual Key Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-36
Configuring Auto Key Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Configuring IKE Key Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Viewing VPN Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Configuring Content Filtering Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Configuring Rogue AP Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Moving Rogue APs to the Allowed AP List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Displaying Rogue AP Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Using MUs to Detect Rogue Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Chapter 7. Monitoring Statistics
Viewing WAN Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Viewing LAN Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Viewing Wireless Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Viewing WLAN Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
Viewing Radio Statistics Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Viewing Radio Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Retry Histogram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
Viewing MU Statistics Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
Viewing MU Details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-22
Pinging Individual MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
MU Authentication Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Viewing Known Access Point Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
Chapter 8.
Command Line Interface Reference
Connecting to the CLI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Accessing the CLI through the Serial Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Accessing the CLI via Telnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Admin and Common Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
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Network Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12
Network LAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
Network LAN, VLAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16
Network LAN, DHCP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23
Network Type Filter Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
Network WAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34
Network WAN NAT Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-37
Network WAN, VLAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-43
Network WAN App Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-52
Network Wireless Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-56
Network WLAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-57
Network Security Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-62
Network ACL Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-71
Network Radio Configuration Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-76
Network Quality of Service (QoS) Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-93
Network Bandwith Management Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-98
Network Rogue-AP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-101
Network Firewall Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-111
Network Router Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-116
System Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-121
System Debug and Last Password Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-125
System Access Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-126
System Certificate Management Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-129
System SNMP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-140
System SNMP Access Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-141
System SNMP Traps Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-146
System Network Time Protocol (NTP) Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-152
System Log Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-155
System Configuration-Update Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-161
Firmware Update Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-168
System Test Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-172
Statistics Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-175
ix
Appendix A. Technical Specifications
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-1
Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-2
Radio Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3
Antenna Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3
2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-4
ML-2499-11PNA2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-4
ML-2499-APA2-0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-5
ML-2499-APA3-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-5
ML-2499-BYGA2-01. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-6
5.2 GHz Antenna Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-6
ML-5299-APA1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-7
ML-5299-HPA1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-9
ML-5299-WPNA1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-12
Additional Antenna Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-14
Antenna Accessory Connectors, Cable Type and Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-15
Country Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-15
Appendix B. Customer Support
x
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
About This Guide
Introduction
This guide provides configuration and setup information for the AP-5131 model access point.
Document Conventions
The following document conventions are used in this document:
NOTE Indicate tips or special requirements.
!
CAUTION Indicates conditions that can cause equipment damage or data loss.
viii
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
WARNING! Indicates a condition or procedure that could result in personal injury or
equipment damage.
Notational Conventions
The following notational conventions are used in this document:
•
•
•
Italics are used to highlight specific items in the general text, and to identify chapters and
sections in this and related documents.
Bullets (•) indicate:
• action items
• lists of alternatives
• lists of required steps that are not necessarily sequential
Sequential lists (those describing step-by-step procedures) appear as numbered lists.
Service Information
If a problem is encountered with the AP-5131, contact the Symbol Customer Support. Refer to
Appendix C for contact information. Before calling, have the model number and serial number at hand.
If the problem cannot be solved over the phone, you may need to return your equipment for servicing.
If that is necessary, you will be given specific instructions.
Symbol Technologies is not responsible for any damages incurred during shipment if the
approved shipping container is not used. Shipping the units improperly can possibly void
the warranty. If the original shipping container was not kept, contact Symbol to have
another sent to you.
AP-5131 Introduction
The Symbol AP-5131 Access Point (AP) provides a bridge between Ethernet wired LANs or WANs and
wireless networks. It provides connectivity between Ethernet wired networks and radio-equipped
mobile units (MUs). MUs include the full line of Symbol terminals, bar-code scanners, adapters (PC
cards, Compact Flash cards and PCI adapters) and other devices.
The AP-5131 provides a maximum 54Mbps data transfer rate via each radio. It monitors Ethernet
traffic and forwards appropriate Ethernet messages to MUs over the network. It also monitors MU
radio traffic and forwards MU packets to the Ethernet LAN.
The AP-5131 is available in two models:
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•
A single-radio version (Part No. AP-5131-4002X-WW), that can be configured as either an
802.11a access point or an 802.11b/g access point.
A dual-radio version (Part No. AP-5131-1304X-WW), allowing both the 802.11a radio and
the 802.11b/g radio to function simultaneously.
If you are new to using an access point for managing your network, refer to Theory of Operations on
page 1-14 for an overview on wireless networking fundamentals.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1 Feature Overview
The Symbol AP-5131 has the following features:
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
•
•
•
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Single or Dual Mode Radio Options
Separate LAN and WAN Ports
Multiple Mounting Options
Antenna Support for 2.4 GHz and 5.2 GHz Radios
Sixteen Configurable WLANs
Support for 4 BSSIDs per Radio
Quality of Service (QoS) Support
Industry Leading Data Security
VLAN Support
Multiple Management Accessibility Options
Updatable Firmware
Programmable SNMP v1/v2/v3 Trap Support
Power-over-Ethernet Support
MU-MU Transmission Disallow
Voice Prioritization
Support for CAM and PSP MUs
Statistical Displays
Transmit Power Control
Advanced Event Logging Capability
Configuration File Import/Export Functionality
Default Configuration Restoration
DHCP Support
Multi Function LEDs
1.1.1 Single or Dual Mode Radio Options
One or two possible configurations are available on the AP-5131 depending on which model is
purchased. If the AP-5131 is manufactured as a single radio access point, the AP-5131 enables you
to configure the single radio for either 802.11a or 802.11b/g.
AP-5131 Introduction
If the AP-5131 is manufactured as a dual-radio access point, the AP-5131 enables you to configure
one radio for 802.11a, and the other 802.11b/g. For more information on configuring your AP-5131,
see Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-36.
1.1.2 Separate LAN and WAN Ports
The AP-5131 has one LAN port and one WAN port, each with their own MAC address. The AP-5131
must manage all data traffic over the LAN connection carefully as either a DHCP client, BOOTP client,
DHCP server or using a static IP address. The AP-5131 can only use a Power-over-Ethernet device
when connected to the LAN port. For more information on configuring the AP-5131 LAN port, see
Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a widely dispersed telecommunications network. In a corporate
environment, the WAN port might connect to a larger corporate network. For a small business, the
WAN port might connect to a DSL or cable modem to access the Internet. Regardless, network
address information must be configured for the AP-5131’s intended mode of operation. For
information on configuring the AP-5131’s WAN port, see Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-13.
The LAN and WAN port MAC addresses can be located within the LAN and WAN Stats screens. For
information on locating the AP-5131 MAC addresses, see Viewing WAN Statistics on page 7-2 and
Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-5.
1.1.3 Multiple Mounting Options
The AP-5131 rests on a flat surface, attaches to a wall, mounts under a ceiling or above a ceiling
(attic). Choose a mounting option based on the physical environment of the coverage area. Do not
mount the AP-5131 in a location that has not been approved in an AP-5131 radio coverage site survey.
For detailed information on the mounting options available for the AP-5131, see Mounting the
AP-5131 on page 2-11.
1.1.4 Antenna Support for 2.4 GHz and 5.2 GHz Radios
The AP-5131 supports several 802.11a and 802.11b/g radio antennas. Select the antenna best suited
to the radio transmission requirements of your coverage area. For an overview of the Radio 1 (2.4 GHz)
and Radio 2 (5.2 GHz) antennas supported on the AP-5131’s Reverse SMA (RSMA) connectors, see
Technical Specifications on page A-1.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1.5 Sixteen Configurable WLANs
A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a data-communications system that flexibly extends the
functionalities of a wired LAN. A WLAN does not require lining up devices for line-of-sight
transmission, and are thus, desirable for wireless networking. Roaming users can be handed off from
one AP-5131 to another like a cellular phone system. WLANs can therefore be configured around the
needs of specific groups of users, even when they are not in physical proximity. Sixteen WLANs are
configurable on each AP-5131. To enable and configure WLANs on an AP-5131 radio, see Enabling
Wireless LANs (WLANs) on page 5-22.
1.1.6 Support for 4 BSSIDs per Radio
The AP-5131 supports four BSSIDs per radio. Each BSSID has a corresponding MAC address. The first
MAC address corresponds to BSSID #1. The MAC addresses for the other three BSSIDs (BSSIDs #2,
#3, #4) are derived by adding 1, 2, 3, respectively, to the radio MAC address.
If the radio MAC address displayed on the Radio Settings screen is 00:A0:F8:72:20:DC, then the
BSSIDs for that radio will have the following MAC addresses:
BSSID
MAC Address
Hexadecimal Addition
BSSID #1
00:A0:F8:72:20:DC
Same as Radio MAC address
BSSID #2
00:A0:F8:72:20:DD
Radio MAC address +1
BSSID #3
00:A0:F8:72:20:DE
Radio MAC address +2
BSSID #4
00:A0:F8:72:20:DF
Radio MAC address +3
For information on strategically mapping BSSIDs to WLANs, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/
g Radio on page 5-38.
1.1.7 Quality of Service (QoS) Support
The AP-5131 QoS implementation provides applications running on different wireless devices a
variety of priority levels to transmit data to and from the AP-5131. Equal data transmission priority is
fine for data traffic from applications such as Web browsers, file transfers or email, but is inadequate
for multimedia applications. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), video streaming and interactive
gaming are highly sensitive to latency increases and throughput reductions. These forms of higher
priority data traffic can significantly benefit from the AP-5131 QoS implementation.The WiFi
Multimedia QOS Extensions (WMM) implementation used by the AP-5131 shortens the time between
transmitting higher priority data traffic and is thus desirable for multimedia applications.
AP-5131 Introduction
WMM defines four access categories (voice, video, best effort and background) to prioritize traffic to
provide enhanced multimedia support. For information on configuring QoS support for the AP-5131,
see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
1.1.8 Industry Leading Data Security
The AP-5131 supports numerous encryption and authentication techniques to protect the data
transmitting on the WLAN.
The following authentication techniques are supported on the AP-5131:
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Kerberos Authentication
EAP Authentication
The following encryption techniques are supported on the AP-5131:
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WEP Encryption
KeyGuard Encryption
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Using TKIP Encryption
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) Encryption
In addition, the AP-5131 supports the following additional security features:
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•
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Firewall Security
VPN Tunnels
Content Filtering
For an overview on the encryption and authentication schemes available on the AP-5131, refer to
Configuring Access Point Security on page 6-1.
1.1.8.1 Kerberos Authentication
Authentication is a means of verifying information that is transmitted from a secure source. If
information is authentic, you know who created it and you know that it has not been altered in any
way since it was originated. Authentication entails a network administrator employing a software
“supplicant” on their computer or wireless device.
Authentication is critical for the security of any wireless LAN device. Traditional authentication
methods are not suitable for use in wireless networks where an unauthorized user can monitor
network traffic and intercept passwords. The use of strong authentication methods that do not
disclose passwords is necessary. Symbol uses the Kerberos authentication service protocol (specified
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
in RFC 1510), to authenticate users/clients in a wireless network environment and to securely
distribute the encryption keys used for both encrypting and decrypting.
A basic understanding of RFC 1510 Kerberos Network Authentication Service (V5) is helpful in
understanding how Kerberos functions. By default, WLAN devices operate in an open system network
where any wireless device can associate with an AP without authorization. Kerberos requires device
authentication before access to the wired network is permitted. For additional information on
configuring Kerbeors, see Configuring Kerberos Authentication on page 6-9.
1.1.8.2 EAP Authentication
The Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) feature provides access points and their associated
MU’s an additional measure of security for data transmitted over the wireless network. Using EAP,
authentication between devices is achieved through the exchange and verification of certificates.
EAP can be used in mixed mode security with Kerberos and WEP.
EAP is a mutual authentication method whereby both the MU and AP are required to prove their
identities. Like Kerberos, the user loses device authentication if the server cannot provide proof of
device identification
Using EAP, a user requests connection to a WLAN through the AP-5131. The AP-5131 then requests
the identity of the user and transmits that identity to an authentication server. The server prompts the
AP for proof of identity (supplied to the AP-5131 by the user) and then transmits the user data back
to the server to complete the authentication.
An MU is not able to access the network if not authenticated. When configured for EAP support, the
access point displays the MU as an EAP station.
EAP is only supported on mobile devices running Windows XP, Windows 2000 (using Service Pack #4)
and Windows Mobile 2003. Refer to the system administrator for information on configuring a
RADIUS Server for EAP (802.1x) support. For additional information on configuring EAP, see
Configuring 802.1x EAP Authentication on page 6-11.
1.1.8.3 WEP Encryption
All WLAN devices face possible information theft. Theft occurs when an unauthorized user
eavesdrops to obtain information illegally. The absence of a physical connection makes wireless links
particularly vulnerable to this form of theft. Most forms of WLAN security rely on encryption to
various extents. Encryption entails scrambling and coding information, typically with mathematical
formulas called algorithms, before the information is transmitted. An algorithm is a set of instructions
AP-5131 Introduction
or formula for scrambling the data. A key is the specific code used by the algorithm to encrypt or
decrypt the data. Decryption is the decoding and unscrambling of received encrypted data.
The same device, host computer or front-end processor, usually performs both encryption and
decryption. The data transmit or receive direction determines whether the encryption or decryption
function is performed. The device takes plain text, encrypts or scrambles the text typically by
mathematically combining the key with the plain text as instructed by the algorithm, then transmits
the data over the network. At the receiving end, another device takes the encrypted text and decrypts,
or unscrambles, the text revealing the original message. An unauthorized user can know the
algorithm, but cannot interpret the encrypted data without the appropriate key. Only the sender and
receiver of the transmitted data know the key.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is an encryption security protocol specified in the IEEE Wireless
Fidelity (Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11b and supported by the AP-5131 AP. WEP encryption is designed to
provide a WLAN with a level of security and privacy comparable to that of a wired LAN. The level of
protection provided by WEP encryption is determined by the encryption key length and algorithm. An
encryption key is a string of case sensitive characters used to encrypt and decrypt data packets
transmitted between a mobile unit (MU) and the AP-5131. An AP-5131 and associated wireless
clients must use the same encryption key (typically 1 through 4) to interoperate. For additional
information on configuring WEP, see Configuring WEP Encryption on page 6-15.
1.1.8.4 KeyGuard Encryption
Use KeyGuard to shield the master encryption keys from being discovered through hacking. KeyGuard
negotiation takes place between the access point and MU upon association. The access point can
use KeyGuard with Symbol MUs. KeyGuard is only supported on Symbol MUs making it a Symbol
proprietary security mechanism. For additional information on configuring KeyGuard on the AP-5131,
see Configuring KeyGuard Encryption on page 6-17.
1.1.8.5 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Using TKIP Encryption
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security standard for systems operating with a Wi-Fi wireless
connection. WEP’s lack of user authentication mechanisms is addressed by WPA. Compared to WEP,
WPA provides superior data encryption and user authentication.
WPA addresses the weaknesses of WEP by including:
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a per-packet key mixing function
a message integrity check
an extended initialization vector with sequencing rules
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
a re-keying mechanism
WPA uses an encryption method called Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP). WPA employs 802.1X
and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP). For additional information con configuring WPA, see
Configuring WPA Using TKIP on page 6-19.
1.1.8.6 WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) Encryption
WPA2 is a newer 802.11i standard that provides even stronger wireless security than Wi-Fi Protected
Access (WPA) and WEP. Counter-mode/CBC-MAC Protocol (CCMP) is the security standard used by
the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). AES serves the same function TKIP does for WPA-TKIP.
CCMP computes a Message Integrity Check (MIC) using the proven Cipher Block Message
Authentication Code (CBC-MAC) technique. Changing just one bit in a message produces a totally
different result.
WPA2-CCMP is based on the concept of a Robust Security Network (RSN), which defines a hierarchy
of keys with a limited lifetime (similar to TKIP). Like TKIP, the keys the administrator provides are used
to derive other keys. Messages are encrypted using a 128-bit secret key and a 128-bit block of data.
the end result is an encryption scheme as secure as any the AP-5131 provides. For additional
information on configuring WPA2-CCMP, see Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) on page 6-22.
1.1.8.7 Firewall Security
A firewall keeps personal data in and hackers out. The AP-5131 firewall prevents suspicious Internet
traffic from proliferating the AP-5131 managed network. The AP-5131 performs network address
translation (NAT) on packets passing to and from the WAN port. This combination provides enhanced
security by monitoring communication with the wired network. For instructions on setting the
AP-5131 firewall, see Configuring Firewall Settings on page 6-25.
1.1.8.8 VPN Tunnels
Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) are IP-based networks using encryption and tunneling providing
users remote access to a secure LAN. In essence, the trust relationship is extended from one LAN
across the public network to another LAN, without sacrificing security. A VPN behaves like a private
network; however, because the data travels through the public network, it needs several layers of
security. The AP-5131 can function as a robust VPN gateway. For additional information on
configuring VPN security on the AP-5131, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
AP-5131 Introduction
1.1.8.9 Content Filtering
Content filtering allows system administrators to block specific commands and URL extensions from
going out through the AP-5131 WAN port only. Therefore, content filtering affords system
administrators selective control on the content proliferating the network and is a powerful screening
tool. Content filtering allows the blocking of up to 10 files or URL extensions and allows blocking of
specific outbound HTTP, SMTP, and FTP requests.
For instructions on configuring content filtering on the AP-5131, see Configuring Content Filtering
Settings on page 6-48.
1.1.9 VLAN Support
A Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) is a means to electronically separate data on the same AP-5131
from a single broadcast domain into separate broadcast domains. By using a VLAN, you can group by
logical function instead of physical location. There are 16 VLANs supported on the AP-5131. An
administrator can map up to 16 WLANs to 16 VLANs and enable or disable dynamic VLAN
assignment. In addition to these 16 VLANs, the AP-5131 supports dynamic, user-based, VLANs when
using EAP authentication.
VLANs enable organizations to share network resources in various network segments within large
areas (airports, shopping malls, etc.). A VLAN is a group of clients with a common set of requirements
independent of their physical location. VLANs have the same attributes as physical LANs, but they
enable administrators to group clients even when they are not members of the same network
segment. For more information, see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
1.1.10 Multiple Management Accessibility Options
The AP-5131 can be accessed and configured using one of the following methods:
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Java-Based Web UI
Human readable config file (imported via FTP or TFTP)
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MIB (Management Information Base)
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Command Line Interface (CLI) accessed via RS-232 or Telnet. Use the AP-5131 DB-9 serial
port for direct access to the command-line interface from a PC. Use Symbol's Null-Modem
cable (Part No. 25-632878-0) for the best fitting connection.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1.11 Updatable Firmware
Symbol periodically releases updated versions of the AP-5131 device firmware to the Symbol Web
site. If the AP-5131 firmware version displayed on the System Settings page (see Configuring System
Settings on page 4-2) is older than the version on the Web site, Symbol recommends updating the
AP-5131 to the latest firmware version for full feature functionality. For instructions on updating the
AP-5131 firmware using FTP or TFTP, see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-34.
1.1.12 Programmable SNMP v1/v2/v3 Trap Support
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) facilitates the exchange of management information
between network devices. SNMP uses Management Information Bases (MIBs) to manage the device
configuration and monitor Internet devices in remote locations. MIB information accessed via SNMP
is defined by a set of managed objects called object identifiers (OIDs). An object identifier (OID) is
used to uniquely identify each object variable of a MIB.
SNMP allows a network administrator to configure the AP-5131, manage network performance, find
and solve network problems, and plan for network growth. The AP-5131 supports SNMP management
functions for gathering information from its network components. The AP-5131 CDROM and the (AP5131 downloads site) contains the following 2 MIB files:
• Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (standard Symbol MIB file)
• Symbol-AP-5131-MIB (AP-5131 specific MIB file)
The AP-5131 SNMP agent functions as a command responder and is a multilingual agent responding
to SNMPv1, v2c and v3 managers (command generators). The factory default configuration maintains
SNMPv1/2c support of the community names, hence providing backward compatibility. For
information on configuring SNMP traps, see Configuring SNMP Settings on page 4-11.
1.1.13 Power-over-Ethernet Support
When users purchase a Symbol WLAN solution, they often need to place access points in obscure
locations. In the past, a dedicated power source was required for each access point in addition to the
Ethernet infrastructure. This often required an electrical contractor to install power drops at each
access point location. An approved power injector solution merges power and Ethernet into one
cable, reducing the burden of installation and allows optimal AP-5131 placement in respect to the
intended radio coverage area. The AP-5131 can only use a Power-over-Ethernet device when
connected to the LAN port.
AP-5131 Introduction
The Symbol Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF) is a single-port, 802.3af compliant Power
over Ethernet hub combining low-voltage DC with Ethernet data in a single cable connecting to the
AP-5131. The Power Injector’s single DC and Ethernet data cable creates a modified Ethernet cabling
environment on the AP-5131’s LAN port eliminating the need for separate Ethernet and power cables.
For more information on the Symbol Power Injector, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7.
1.1.14 MU-MU Transmission Disallow
The AP-5131’s MU-MU Disallow feature prohibits MUs from communicating with each other even if
they are on different WLANs, assuming one of the WLAN’s is configured to disallow MU-MU
communication. Therefore, if an MU’s WLAN is configured for MU-MU disallow, it will not be able to
communicate with any other MUs connected to this AP-5131.
For information on configuring an AP-5131 WLAN to disallow MU to MU communications, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
1.1.15 Voice Prioritization
Each AP-5131 WLAN has the capability of having its QoS policy configured to prioritize the network
traffic requirements for associated MUs. A WLAN QoS page is available for each enabled WLAN on
either the AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio.
Use the QoS page to enable voice prioritization for devices to receive the transmission priority they
may not normally receive over other data traffic. Voice prioritization allows the AP-5131 to assign
priority to voice traffic over data traffic, and (if necessary) assign legacy voice supported devices (non
WMM supported voice devices) additional priority. For information on configuring voice prioritization
over other voice enabled devices, see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1.16 Support for CAM and PSP MUs
The AP-5131 supports both CAM and PSP powered MUs. CAM (Continuously Aware Mode) MUs
leave their radios on continuously to hear every beacon and message transmitted. These systems
operate without any adjustments by the AP-5131. A beacon is a uniframe system packet broadcast
by the AP to keep the network synchronized. A beacon includes the ESSID, AP-5131 MAC address,
Broadcast destination addresses, a time stamp, a DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) and the
TIM (Traffic Indication Map).
PSP (Power Save Polling) MUs power off their radios for short periods. When a Symbol MU in PSP
mode associates with an AP-5131, it notifies the AP-5131 of its activity status. The AP-5131 responds
by buffering packets received for the MU. PSP mode is used to extend an MU’s battery life by enabling
the MU to “sleep” during periods of inactivity.
1.1.17 Statistical Displays
The AP-5131 can display robust transmit and receive statistics for the WAN and LAN ports. WLAN
stats can be displayed collectively and individually for enabled WLANs. Transmit and receive
statistics are available for the AP-5131’s 802.11a and 802.11b/g radios. An advanced radio statistics
page is also available to display retry histograms for specific data packet retry information.
Associated MU stats can be displayed collectively and individually for specific MUs. An echo (ping)
test is also available to ping specific MUs to assess association strength. Finally, the AP-5131 can
detect and display the properties of other APs detected within the AP-5131’s radio coverage area. The
type of AP detected can be displayed as well as the properties of individual APs. For information on
available AP-5131 statistical displays and the values they represent, see Monitoring Statistics on
page 7-1.
1.1.18 Transmit Power Control
The AP-5131 has a configurable power level for each radio. This enables the network administrator
to define the antenna’s transmission power level in respect to the AP-5131’s placement or network
requirements as defined in the AP-5131 site survey. For detailed instructions on setting the radio
transmit power level, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
1.1.19 Advanced Event Logging Capability
The AP-5131 provides the capability for periodically logging system events. Logging events is useful
in assessing the throughput and performance of the AP-5131 or troubleshooting problems on the
AP-5131 Introduction
AP-5131 managed Local Area Network (LAN). For more information, see Logging Configuration on
page 4-28.
1.1.20 Configuration File Import/Export Functionality
Configuration settings for an AP-5131 can be downloaded from the current configuration of another
AP-5131. This affords the administrator the opportunity to save the current configuration before
making significant changes or restoring the default configuration. For information on importing or
exporting configuration files, see Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-30.
1.1.21 Default Configuration Restoration
The AP-5131 has the ability to restore its default configuration or a partial default configuration with
the exception of current WAN and SNMP settings. Restoring the default configuration is a good way
to create new WLANs if the MUs the AP-5131 supports have been moved to different radio coverage
areas. For information on restoring a default or partial default configuration, see Configuring System
Settings on page 4-2.
1.1.22 DHCP Support
The AP-5131 can use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to obtain a leased IP address and
configuration information from a remote server. DHCP is based on the BOOTP protocol and can coexist
or interoperate with BOOTP. Configure the AP-5131 to send out a DHCP request searching for a DHCP/
BOOTP server to acquire HTML, firmware or network configuration files when the AP-5131 boots.
Because BOOTP and DHCP interoperate, whichever responds first becomes the server that allocates
information.
The AP-5131 can be set to only accept replies from DHCP or BOOTP servers or both (this is the default
setting). Disabling DHCP disables BOOTP and DHCP and requires network settings to be set manually.
If running both DHCP and BOOTP, do not select BOOTP Only. BOOTP should only be used when the
server is running BOOTP exclusively.
The DHCP client automatically sends a DHCP request at an interval specified by the DHCP server to
renew the IP address lease as long as the AP-5131 is running (this parameter is programmed at the
DHCP server). For example: Windows 2000 servers typically are set for 3 days.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1.23 Multi Function LEDs
The AP-5131 houses seven LED indicators. Four LEDs exist on the top of the AP-5131 and are visible
from wall, ceiling and table-top orientations. Three of these four LEDs are single color activity LEDs,
and one is a multi-function red and white status LED. Two LEDs exist on the rear of the AP-5131 and
are viewable using a single (customer installed) extended light pipe, adjusted as required to suit
above the ceiling installations. For detailed descriptions of the AP-5131 LEDs and their functionality,
see LED Indicators on page 2-20.
1.2 Theory of Operations
To understand AP-5131 management and performance alternatives, users need familiarity with
AP-5131 functionality and configuration options. The AP-5131 includes features for different
interface connections and network management.
The AP-5131 uses electromagnetic waves to transmit and receive electric signals without wires.
Users communicate with the network by establishing radio links between mobile units (MUs) and
access points.
The AP-5131 uses DSSS (direct sequence spread spectrum) to transmit digital data from one device
to another. A radio signal begins with a carrier signal that provides the base or center frequency. The
digital data signal is encoded onto the carriers using a DSSS chipping algorithm. The AP-5131 radio
signal propagates into the air as electromagnetic waves. A receiving antenna (on the MU) in the path
of the waves absorbs the waves as electrical signals. The receiving MU interprets (demodulates) the
signal by reapplying the direct sequence chipping code. This demodulation results in the original
digital data.
The AP-5131 uses its environment (the air and certain objects) as the transmission medium.The
AP-5131 can either transmit in the 2.4 to 2.5-GHz frequency range (802.11b/g radio) or the 5.2 GHz
frequency range (802.11a radio), the actual range is country-dependent. Symbol devices, like other
Ethernet devices, have unique, hardware encoded Media Access Control (MAC) or IEEE addresses.
MAC addresses determine the device sending or receiving data. A MAC address is a 48-bit number
written as six hexadecimal bytes separated by colons.
For example: 00:A0:F8:24:9A:C8
Also see the following sections:
•
•
Cellular Coverage
Network Topology
AP-5131 Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MAC Layer Bridging
Content Filtering
DHCP Support
Media Types
Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum
MU Association Process
Operating Modes
Management Access Options
1.2.1 Cellular Coverage
An AP-5131 establishes an average communication range with MUs called a Basic Service Set (BSS)
or cell. When in a particular cell, the MU associates and communicates with the AP-5131 supporting
the radio coverage area of that cell. Adding AP-5131’s to a single LAN establishes more cells to
extend the range of the network. Configuring the same ESSID (Extended Service Set Identifier) on all
AP-5131’s makes them part of the same Wireless LAN.
AP-5131’s with the same ESSID defines a coverage area. A valid ESSID is an alphanumeric, casesensitive identifier up to 32 characters. An MU searches for an AP-5131 with a matching ESSID and
synchronizes (associates) to establish communications. This device association allows MUs within
the coverage area to move about or roam. As the MU roams from cell to cell, it associates with a
different AP-5131. The roam occurs when the MU analyzes the reception quality at a location and
determines a different AP-5131 provides better signal strength and lower MU load distribution.
If the MU does not find an AP-5131 with a workable signal, it can perform a scan to find any AP. As
MUs switch APs, the AP updates its association statistics.
The user can configure the ESSID to correspond to up to 16 WLANs on each 802.11a or 802.11b/g
radio. A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a data-communications system that flexibly extends
the functionalities of a wired LAN. A WLAN does not require lining up devices for line-of-sight
transmission, and are thus, desirable. Within the WLAN, roaming users can be handed off from one
AP-5131 to another like a cellular phone system. WLANs can therefore be configured around the
needs of specific groups of users, even when they are not in physical proximity.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.2.2 Network Topology
The following are sample topologies:
•
A single AP-5131 without a wired network establishing a single-cell wireless network for
peer-to-peer MUs.
AP-5131 Introduction
•
A single AP-5131 bridging the Ethernet and radio networks.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
Two or more AP-5131s coexisting as separate, individual networks (WLANs) at the same site
without interference using different ESSIDs. These separate WLANs can be configured to
use different channel assignments to avoid RF interference.
AP-5131 Introduction
•
Multiple AP-5131’s wired together provide a network with better coverage area and
performance when using the same ESSID.
1.2.3 MAC Layer Bridging
The AP-5131 provides MAC layer bridging between its interfaces. The AP-5131 monitors traffic from
its interfaces and, based on frame address, forwards the frames to the proper destination. The
AP-5131 tracks source and destination addresses to provide intelligent bridging as MUs roam or
network topologies change. The AP-5131 also handles broadcast and multicast messages and
responds to MU association requests.
The AP-5131 listens to all packets on its LAN and WAN interfaces and builds an address database
using MAC addresses. An address in the database includes the interface media that the device uses
to associate with the AP-5131. The AP-5131 uses the database to forward packets from one interface
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
to another. The bridge forwards packets addressed to unknown systems to the Default Interface
(Ethernet).
The AP-5131 internal stack interface handles all messages directed to the AP-5131. Each AP-5131
stores information on destinations and their interfaces to facilitate forwarding. When a user sends
an ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) request packet, the AP-5131 forwards it over all enabled
interfaces except over the interface the ARP request packet was received.
On receiving the ARP response packet, the AP-5131 database keeps a record of the destination
address along with the receiving interface. With this information, the AP-5131 forwards any directed
packet to the correct destination. Transmitted ARP request packets echo back to other MUs. The
AP-5131 removes from its database the destination or interface information that is not used for a
specified time. The AP refreshes its database when it transmits or receives data from these
destinations and interfaces.
1.2.4 Media Types
The AP-5131 radio interface conforms to IEEE 802.11a/b/g specifications. The interface operates at
a maximum 54Mbps (802.11a radio) using direct-sequence radio technology. The AP-5131 supports
multiple-cell operations with fast roaming between cells. Within a direct-sequence system, each cell
can operates independently. Adding cells to the network provides increased coverage area and total
system capacity.
The RS-232 serial port provides a Command Line Interface (CLI) connection. The serial link supports
a direct serial connection. The AP-5131 is a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) device with male pin
connectors for the RS-232 port. Connecting the AP-5131 to a PC requires a null modem serial cable.
1.2.5 Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum
Spread spectrum (broadband) uses a narrowband signal to spread the transmission over a segment
of the radio frequency band or spectrum. Direct-sequence is a spread spectrum technique where the
transmitted signal is spread over a particular frequency range. The Symbol AP-5131 uses DirectSequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) for radio communication.
Direct-sequence systems communicate by continuously transmitting a redundant pattern of bits
called a chipping sequence. Each bit of transmitted data is mapped into chips by the AP-5131 and
rearranged into a pseudorandom spreading code to form the chipping sequence. The chipping
sequence is combined with a transmitted data stream to produce the AP -5131’s output signal.
MUs receiving a direct-sequence transmission use the spreading code to map the chips within the
chipping sequence back into bits to recreate the original data transmitted by the AP-5131.
AP-5131 Introduction
Intercepting and decoding a direct-sequence transmission requires a predefined algorithm to
associate the spreading code used by the transmitting AP-5131 to the receiving MU. This algorithm
is established by IEEE 802.11b specifications. The bit redundancy within the chipping sequence
enables the receiving MU to recreate the original data pattern, even if bits in the chipping sequence
are corrupted by interference.
The ratio of chips per bit is called the spreading ratio. A high spreading ratio increases the resistance
of the signal to interference. A low spreading ratio increases the bandwidth available to the user. The
AP-5131 uses different modulation schemes to encode more bits per chip at higher data rates. The
AP-5131 is capable of a maximum 54Mbps data transmission rate (802.11a radio), but the coverage
area is less than AP-5131’s operating at lower data rates since coverage area decreases as
bandwidth increases.
1.2.6 MU Association Process
An AP-5131 recognizes MUs as they begin the association process with the AP-5131. An AP-5131
keeps a list of the MUs it services. MUs associate with an AP-5131 based on the following conditions:
•
•
•
•
signal strength between the AP-5131and MU
number of MUs currently associated with the AP-5131
MUs encryption and authentication capabilities
MUs supported data rate
MUs perform pre-emptive roaming by intermittently scanning for AP-5131’s and associating with the
best available AP-5131. Before roaming and associating, MUs perform full or partial scans to collect
AP-5131 statistics and determine the direct-sequence channel used by the AP-5131.
Scanning is a periodic process where the MU sends out probe messages on all channels defined by
the country code. The statistics enable an MU to reassociate by synchronizing its channel to the
AP-5131. The MU continues communicating with that AP-5131 until it needs to switch cells or roam.
MUs perform partial scans at programmed intervals, when missing expected beacons or after
excessive transmission retries. In a partial scan, the MU scans AP-5131’s classified as proximate on
the AP-5131 table. For each channel, the MU tests for Clear Channel Assessment (CCA). The MU
broadcasts a probe with the ESSID and broadcast BSS_ID when the channel is transmission-free. It
sends an ACK to a directed probe response from the AP-5131 and updates the table.
An MU can roam within a coverage area by switching AP-5131s. Roaming occurs when:
•
Unassociated MU attempts to associate or reassociate with an available AP-5131
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
•
•
Supported rate changes or the MU finds a better transmit rate with another AP-5131
RSSI (received signal strength indicator) of a potential AP-5131 exceeds the current
AP-5131
Ratio of good-transmitted packets to attempted-transmitted packets falls below a threshold.
An MU selects the best available AP-5131 and adjusts itself to the AP-5131 direct-sequence channel
to begin association. Once associated, the AP-5131 begins forwarding frames addressed to the target
MU. Each frame contains fields for the current direct-sequence channel. The MU uses these fields to
resynchronize to the AP-5131.
The scanning and association process continues for active MUs. This process allows the MUs to find
new AP-5131’s and discard out-of-range or deactivated AP-5131’s. By testing the airwaves, the MUs
can choose the best network connection available.
1.2.7 Operating Modes
The AP-5131 can operate in a couple of configurations.
•
•
Access Point - As an Access Point, the AP-5131 functions as a layer 2 bridge (similar to
Symbol’s existing AP-4131 access point). The wired uplink can operate as a trunk and
support multiple VLANs. Up to 16 WLANs can be defined and mapped to AP-5131 WLANs.
Each WLAN can be configured to be broadcast by one or both AP-5131 radios (unlike the
AP-4131). The AP-5131 can operate in both an Access Point mode and Wireless Gateway/
Router mode simultaneously. The network architecture and AP-5131 configuration define
how the Access Point and Wireless Gateway/Router mode are negotiated.
Wireless Gateway/Router - If operating as a Wireless Gateway/Router, the AP-5131
functions as a router between two layer 2 networks: the WAN uplink (the ethernet port) and
the Wireless side. A number of options are available providing a solution for single-cell
deployment:
• PPPoE - The WAN interface can terminate a PPPoE connection, thus enabling the
AP-5131 to operate in conjunction with a DSL or Cable modem to provide WAN
connectivity.
• NAT - (Network Address Translation) on the Wireless interface. Using NAT, the AP-5131
router is able to manage a private IP scheme. NAT allows translation of private
addresses to the WAN IP address.
• DHCP - On the Wireless side, the AP-5131 can assign private IP addresses.
• Firewall - In between the WAN and Wireless interfaces, a Firewall protects against a
number of known attacks.
AP-5131 Introduction
1.2.8 Management Access Options
Managing the AP-5131 includes viewing network statistics and setting configuration options.
Statistics track the network activity of associated MUs and data transfers on the AP interfaces.
The AP-5131 requires one of the following connection methods to perform a custom installation and
manage the network:
•
•
•
•
Secure Java-Based WEB UI - (use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher available from Sun’s
Web site and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java Virtual Machine if installed)
Command Line Interface (CLI) via Serial, Telnet and SSH
Config file - Human-readable; Importable/Exportable via FTP and TFTP
MIB (Management Information Base) accessing the AP-5131 SNMP function using a MIB
Browser. The AP-5131 CDROM contains the following 2 MIB files:
• Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (standard Symbol MIB file)
• Symbol-AP-5131-MIB (AP-5131 specific MIB file)
Make configuration changes to AP-5131’s individually. Optionally, use the AP-5131 import/export
configuration function to download AP-5131’s settings to other AP-5131s. For more information, see
Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-30.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Hardware Installation
An AP-5131 installation includes mounting the AP-5131 on a table-top, wall, ceiling T-bar or above
the ceiling (attic or plenum), connecting the AP-5131 to the network (LAN or WAN port connection),
connecting antennae and applying power. Installation procedures vary for different environments.
!
CAUTION Symbol recommends conducting a radio site survey prior to installing
the AP-5131. A site survey is an excellent method of documenting
areas of radio interference and providing a tool for AP-5131
placement.
2.1 Precautions
Before installing the AP-5131 verify the following:
•
•
Do not install in wet or dusty areas without additional protection. Contact a Symbol
representative for more information.
Verify the environment has a continuous temperature range between -20° C to 50° C.
2-2
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2.2 Package Contents
Check package contents for the correct model AP-5131 and applicable AP-5131 accessories. Each
available configuration (at a minimum), contains the following:
•
•
•
•
AP-5131 (two models available)
• Single 802.11a/g radio, external antenna (Part No. AP-5131-4002X-WW)
• Dual 802.11a+g radios, external antenna (Part No. AP-5131-1304X-WW)
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
AP-5131 Install Guide (Part No. 72-70931-01)
Accessories Bag (4 rubber feet for desk mounting and a LED light pipe, badge and label for
above the ceiling installations).
2.2.1 Available Product Configurations
An AP-5131 can be ordered in the following access point and accessory combinations:
Symbol Part #
Description
AP-5131-13040-WW
AP-5131 802.11a+g Dual Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
Accessories Bag
AP-5131-13041-WW
AP-5131 802.11a+g Dual Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF)
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
Accessories Bag
AP-5131-13042-WW
AP-5131 802.11a+g Dual Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
(4) Dual-Band Antennae (Part No. ML-2452-APA2-01)
Accessories Bag
AP-5131-13043-WW
AP-5131 802.11a+g Dual Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF)
(4) Dual-Band Antennae (Part No. ML-2452-APA2-01)
Accessories Bag
Hardware Installation
Symbol Part #
Description
AP-5131-40020-WW
AP-5131 802.11a/g Single Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
Accessories Bag
AP-5131-40021-WW
AP-5131 802.11a/g Single Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF)
Accessories Bag
AP-5131-40022-WW
AP-5131 802.11a/g Single Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
(2) Dual-Band Antennae (Part No. ML-2452-APA2-01)
Accessories Bag
AP-5131-40023-WW
AP-5131 802.11a/g Single Radio Access Point
AP-5131 Install Guide
Software and Documentation CD-ROM
Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF)
(2) Dual-Band Antennae (Part No. ML-2452-APA2-01)
Accessories Bag
Verify the model indicated on the bottom of the AP-5131 is correct. Contact the Symbol Support
Center to report missing or improperly functioning items.
The Symbol power injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF) is included in certain orderable
configurations, but can be added to any configuration. For more information on the Symbol power
injector, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7.
NOTE A standard Symbol 48 Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-24000-050) is
recommended with AP-5131 product SKUs that do not include the Symbol
power injector.
For an overview on the optional antennae available for the AP-5131, see Antenna Options on page 25. For detailed specifications on the 2.4 GHz and 5.2 GHz antenna suite, see 2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix
on page A-4 and 5.2 GHz Antenna Matrix on page A-4.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
!
CAUTION Using an antenna other than the Dual-Band Antenna (Part No. ML2452-APA2-01) could render the AP-5131’s Rogue AP Detector Mode
feature inoperable. Contact your Symbol sales associate for specific
information.
2.3 Requirements
The minimum installation requirements for a single-cell, peer-to-peer network:
•
•
•
•
AP-5131 (either the dual or single radio model)
AP-5131 48 Volt Power Supply (Part No. 50-24000-050) or Symbol power injector
(Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF)
a power outlet
Dual-Band Antennae (Part No. ML-2452-APA2-01).
NOTE The AP-5131 optimally uses 2 antennae for the single-radio model and 4
antennae for the dual-radio model.
2.4 Placement of the AP-5131
For optimal performance, install the AP-5131 away from transformers, heavy-duty motors, fluorescent
lights, microwave ovens, refrigerators and other industrial equipment. Signal loss can occur when
metal, concrete, walls or floors block transmission. Install the AP-5131 in open areas or add access
points as needed to improve coverage.
Antenna coverage is analogous to lighting. Users might find an area lit from far away to be not bright
enough. An area lit sharply might minimize coverage and create dark areas. Uniform antenna
placement in an area (like even placement of a light bulb) provides even, efficient coverage.
Place the AP-5131 using the following guidelines:
•
•
•
Install the AP-5131 at an ideal height of 10 feet from the ground.
Orient the AP-5131 antennae vertically for best reception.
Point the AP-5131 antenna(s) downward if attaching to the ceiling.
Hardware Installation
Symbol recommends conducting a site survey to define and document radio interference obstacles
before installing the AP-5131 to maximize its radio coverage area.
2.4.1 Site Surveys
A site survey analyzes the installation environment and provides users with recommendations for
equipment and placement. The optimum placement of 802.11a access points differs from 802.11b/g
access points, because the locations and number of access points required are different to support
the radio coverage area.
Symbol recommends conducting a new site survey and developing a new coverage area floor plan
when switching from 2 or 11Mbps access points (AP-3021 or AP-4131 models) to 54Mbps access
points (AP-5131 models), as the device placement requirements are significantly different.
2.4.2 Antenna Options
Both Radio 1 and Radio 2 require one antenna and can optimally use two antennae per radio (4
antennae total for dual-radio models). Two antennae per radio provides diversity that can improve
performance and signal reception. Symbol supports two antenna suites for the AP-5131. One antenna
suite supporting the 2.4 GHz band and another antenna suite supporting the 5.2 GHz band. Select an
antenna model best suited to the intended operational environment of your AP-5131.
NOTE On a single-radio AP-5131, Radio 1 can be configured to be either a 2.4
GHz or 5.2 GHz radio. On a dual-radio model, Radio 1 refers to the AP5131’s 2.4 GHz radio and Radio 2 refers to the AP-5131 5.2 GHz radio.
However, there could be some cases where a dual-radio AP-5131 is
performing a Rogue AP detector function. In this scenario, the AP-5131 is
receiving in either 2.4 GHz or 5.2 GHz over the Radio 1 or Radio 2
antennae depending on which radio is selected for the scan.
Antenna connectors for Radio 1 are located in a different location from the Radio 2 antenna
connectors. On single radio versions, the R-SMA connectors can support both bands and should be
connected to a R-SMA dual-band antenna or an appropriate single band antenna. If necessary a RSMA to R-BNC adapter (Part No. 25-72178-01) can be purchased separately from Symbol.
The 2.4 GHz antenna suite includes the following models:
Symbol Part Number
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-2499-11PNA2-01
Wide Angle Directional
8.5
ML-2499-HPA3-01
Omni-Directional Antenna
3.3
2-5
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Symbol Part Number
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-2499-BYGA2-01
Yagi Antenna
13.9
ML-2452-APA2-01
Dual-Band
3.0
NOTE An additional adapter is required to use ML-2499-11PNA2-01 and
ML-2499-BYGA2-01 model antennae. Please contact Symbol for more
information.
The 5.2 GHz antenna suite includes the following models:
Symbol Part Number
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-5299-WPNA1-01
Panel Antenna
13.0
ML-5299-HPA1-01
Wide-Band Omni-Directional
Antenna
5.0
ML-2452-APA2-0
Dual-Band
4.0
Hardware Installation
For detailed specifications on the 2.4 GHz and 5.2 GHz antennae mentioned in this section, see
section 2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix on page A-4 and section 5.2 GHz Antenna Matrix on page A-4.
2.5 Power Options
The power options for the AP-5131 include:
•
•
•
Symbol Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF)
Symbol 48-Volt Power Supply (Part No. 50-24000-050)
Any standard 802.3af compliant device.
2.6 Symbol Power Injector System
The AP-5131 can receive power either directly form a Symbol 48V AC-DC power supply
(Part No. 50-24000-050) or via an Ethernet cable connected to the LAN port (using the 802.3af
standard).
When users purchase a Symbol WLAN solution, they often need to place access points in obscure
locations. In the past, a dedicated power source was required for each access point in addition to the
Ethernet infrastructure. This often required an electrical contractor to install power drops at each
access point location. An approved power injector solution merges power and Ethernet into one
cable, reducing the burden of installation and allows optimal AP-5131 placement in respect to the
intended radio coverage area.
The Symbol Power Injector is included in certain AP-5131 kits. The Symbol Power Injector
(Part No. AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF) is an integrated AC-DC converter and 802.3af power injector which
requires 110-220V AC power to combine low-voltage DC with Ethernet data in a single cable
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
connecting to the AP-5131. The AP-5131 can only use a Power Injector when connected to the LAN
port.
The Symbol AP-5131 Power Supply (Part No. 50-24000-050) is not included in the kit and is orderable
separately as an accessory.
!
CAUTION The AP-5131 supports any standards-based 802.3af compliant power
source (including non-Symbol power sources). However, using the
wrong solution (including a POE system used on a legacy Symbol
access point) could severely damage the AP-5131 and void the
product warranty.
A separate power injector is required for each AP-5131 comprising the network.
Data
Power
Power
Injector
to AP-5131 LAN
Port
AP-5131
Wireless LAN
Hardware Installation
2.6.1 Installing the Power Injector
Refer to the following sections for information on planning, installing, and validating the power
injector installation:
•
•
•
Preparing for Site Installation
Cabling the Power Injector
Power Injector LED Indicators
2.6.1.1 Preparing for Site Installation
The power injector can be installed free standing, on an even horizontal surface or wall mounted
using the power injector’s wall mounting key holes. The following guidelines should be adhered to
before cabling the power injector to an Ethernet source and an AP-5131:
•
•
•
Do not block or cover airflow to the power injector.
Keep the power injector away from excessive heat, humidity, vibration and dust.
The power injector is not a repeater, and does not amplify the Ethernet data signal. For
optimal performance, ensure the power injector is placed as close as possible to the
network data port.
2.6.1.2 Cabling the Power Injector
To install the power injector to an Ethernet data source and AP-5131:
!
CAUTION Ensure AC power is supplied to the power injector using an AC cable
with an appropriate ground connection approved for the country of
operation.
1. Connect the power injector to an AC outlet (110VAC to 220VAC).
2. Connect an RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the power
injector Data In connector.
3. Connect an RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the power injector Data & Power Out connector
and the Symbol AP-5131 LAN port.
!
CAUTION Cabling the power injector to the AP-5131’s WAN port renders the
AP-5131 non-operational. Only use a AP-PSBIAS-T-1P-AF model
power injector with the AP-5131’s LAN port.
2-9
2-10
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source (host) to the power injector and AP-5131
does not exceed 100 meters (333 ft.)
The power injector has no On/Off power switch. The power injector receives power and is
ready for AP-5131 device connection and operation as soon as AC power is applied.
2.6.1.3 Power Injector LED Indicators
The power injector demonstrates the following LED behavior under normal and/or problematic
operating conditions:
LED
Green (Steady)
AC (Main)
Port
Power injector is receiving power from AC Indicates a device is connected to the
outlet.
power injector’s outgoing Data & Power
cable.
Green (Blinking) Output voltage source is out of range.
The power injector is overloaded or has a
short circuit.
Hardware Installation
For more information and device specifications for the Symbol power injector, refer to the Power
Injector Quick Install Guide (Part No. 72-66153-01) available from the Symbol Web site or the AP-5131
Software and documentation CDROM.
2.7 Mounting the AP-5131
The AP-5131 can rest on a flat surface, attach to a wall, mount under a suspended T-Bar or above a
ceiling (plenum or attic). Choose one of the following mounting options based on the physical
environment of the coverage area. Do not mount the AP-5131 in a location that has not been approved
in a site survey.
Refer to the following, depending on how you intend to mount the AP-5131:
•
•
•
•
Desk Mounted Installations
Wall Mounted Installations
Suspended Ceiling T-Bar Installations
Above the Ceiling (Plenum) Installations
2.7.1 Desk Mounted Installations
The desk mount option uses rubber feet allowing the unit to sit on most flat surfaces. The four (4)
round rubber feet can be found in the AP-5131 (main) box in a separate plastic bag.
To install the AP-5131 in a desk mount orientation:
1. Turn the AP-5131 upside down.
2. Attach the radio antennae to their correct connectors.
!
CAUTION Both the Dual and Single Radio model AP-5131’s use RSMA type
antenna connectors. On the Dual Radio AP-5131, a single dot on the
antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for both Radio 1 (2.4
GHz) and Radio 2 (5.2 GHz). Two dots designate the secondary
antenna for both Radio 1 and Radio 2. On Single Radio models, a
single dot on the antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for
Radio 1, and two dots designate the secondary antenna for Radio 1.
3. Remove the backings from the four (4) rubber feet and attach them to the four rubber feet
recess areas on the AP-5131.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4. Cable the AP-5131 using either the Symbol power injector solution or an approved line cord
and power supply.
!
CAUTION Do not supply power to the AP-5131 until the cabling of the unit is
complete.
For Symbol power injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the power
injector Data In connector.
b. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the power injector Data & Power Out
connector and the Symbol AP-5131 LAN port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source (host) to the power injector and
AP-5131 does not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The power injector has no On/Off power
switch. The power injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more
information on using the power injector, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard Symbol 48-Volt power adapter (Part No. 50-24000-050) and line cord
installations:
a. Connect RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the AP-5131
LAN port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-5131.
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
Hardware Installation
5. Verify the behavior of the AP-5131 LEDs. For more information, see LED Indicators on page
2-20.
6. Return the AP-5131 to an upright position and place it in the location you wish it to operate.
Ensure the AP-5131 is sitting evenly on all four rubber feet.
The AP-5131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-5131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-5131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
2.7.2 Wall Mounted Installations
Wall mounting requires hanging the AP-5131 along its width (or length) using the pair of slots on the
bottom of the unit and using the AP-5131 itself as a mounting template for the screws. The AP-5131
can be mounted onto any plaster or wood wall surface.
The mounting hardware and tools (customer provided) required to install the AP-5131 on a wall
consists of:
•
•
•
Two Phillips pan head self-tapping screws (ANSI Standard) #6-18 X 0.875in. Type A or AB
Self-Tapping screw, or (ANSI Standard Metric) M3.5 X 0.6 X 20mm Type D Self-Tapping
screw
Two wall anchors
Security cable (optional)
To mount the AP-5131 on a wall:
1. Orient the AP-5131 on the wall by its width or length.
2. Using the arrows on one edge of the case as guides, move the edge to the midline of the
mounting area and mark points on the midline for the screws.
3. At each point, drill a hole in the wall, insert an anchor, screw into the anchor the wall
mounting screw and stop when there is 1mm between the screw head and the wall.
If pre-drilling a hole, the recommended hole size is 2.8mm (0.11in.) if the screws are going
directly into the wall and 6mm (0.23in.) if wall anchors are being used.
4. If required, install and attach a security cable to the AP-5131 lock port.
5. Place the large corner of each of the mount slots over the screw heads.
6. Slide the AP-5131 down along the mounting surface to hang the mount slots on the screw
heads.
7. Attach the radio antennae to their correct connectors.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
!
CAUTION Both the Dual and Single Radio model AP-5131s use RSMA type
antenna connectors. On the Dual Radio AP-5131, a single dot on the
antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for both Radio 1 (2.4
GHz) and Radio 2 (5.2 GHz). Two dots designate the secondary
antenna for both Radio 1 and Radio 2. On Single Radio models, a
single dot on the antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for
Radio 1, and two dots designate the secondary antenna for Radio 1.
8. Cable the AP-5131 using either the Symbol power injector solution or an approved line cord
and power supply.
NOTE The AP-5131 must be mounted with the RJ45 cable connector oriented
upwards to ensure proper operation.
!
CAUTION Do not supply power to the AP-5131 until the cabling of the unit is
complete.
For Symbol power injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the Power
Injector Data In connector.
b. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the power injector Data & Power Out
connector and the AP-5131 LAN port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source (host) to the power injector and
AP-5131 does not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The power injector has no On/Off power
switch. The power injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more
information on using the power injector, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard Symbol 48-Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-24000-050) and line cord
installations:
a. Connect RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the AP-5131
LAN port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-5131.
Hardware Installation
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
NOTE If the AP-5131 is utilizing remote management antennae, a wire cover
can be used to provide a clean finished look to the installation. Contact
Symbol for more information.
9. Verify the behavior of the AP-5131 LEDs. For more information, see LED Indicators on page
2-20.
The AP-5131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-5131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-5131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
2.7.3 Suspended Ceiling T-Bar Installations
A suspended ceiling mount requires holding the AP-5131 up against the T-bar of a suspended ceiling
grid and twisting the AP-5131 chassis onto the T-bar.
The mounting hardware and tools (customer provided) required to install the AP-5131 on a ceiling Tbar consists of:
•
•
Safety wire (recommended)
Security cable (optional)
To install the AP-5131 on a ceiling T-bar:
1. If required, loop a safety wire —with a diameter of at least 1.01 mm (.04 in.), but no more
than 0.158 mm (.0625 in.) —through the tie post (above the AP-5131’s console connector)
and secure the loop.
2. If required, install and attach a security cable to the AP-5131 lock port.
3. Attach the radio antennae to their correct connectors.
!
CAUTION Both the Dual and Single Radio model AP-5131s use RSMA type
antenna connectors. On the Dual Radio AP-5131, a single dot on the
antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for both Radio 1 (2.4
GHz) and Radio 2 (5.2 GHz). Two dots designate the secondary
antenna for both Radio 1 and Radio 2. On Single Radio models, a
single dot on the antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for
Radio 1, and two dots designate the secondary antenna for Radio 1
2-15
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4. Cable the AP-5131 using either the Symbol power injector solution or an approved line cord
and power supply.
!
CAUTION Do not supply power to the AP-5131 until the cabling of the unit is
complete.
For Symbol power injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the Power
Injector Data In connector.
b. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the power injector Data & Power Out
connector and the AP-5131 LAN port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source (host) to the power injector and
AP-5131 does not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The power injector has no On/Off power
switch. The power injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more
information on using the power injector, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard Symbol 48-Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-24000-050) and line cord
installations:
6.
7.
8.
9.
a. Connect RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the AP-5131
LAN port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-5131.
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
Verify the behavior of the AP-5131 LEDs. For more information, see LED Indicators on page
2-20.
Align the bottom of the ceiling T-bar with the back of the AP-5131.
Orient the AP-5131 chassis by its length and the length of the ceiling T-bar.
Rotate the AP-5131 chassis 45 degrees clockwise, or about 10 o’clock.
Push the back of the AP-5131 chassis on to the bottom of the ceiling T-bar.
!
CAUTION Ensure the safety wire and cabling used in the T-Bar AP-5131
installation is securely fastened to the building structure in order to
provide a safe operating environment.
5.
Hardware Installation
10. Rotate the AP-5131 chassis 45 degrees counter-clockwise. The clips click as they fasten to
the T-bar.
11. The AP-5131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-5131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-5131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
NOTE If the AP-5131 is utilizing remote management antennae, a wire cover
can be used to provide a clean finished look to the installation. Contact
Symbol for more information.
2.7.4 Above the Ceiling (Plenum) Installations
An AP-5131 above the ceiling installation requires placing the AP-5131 above a suspended ceiling
and installing the provided light pipe under the ceiling tile for viewing the rear panel status LEDs of
the unit. An above the ceiling AP-5131 installation enables installations compliant with drop ceilings,
suspended ceilings and industry standard tiles from .625 to .75 inches thick.
NOTE The AP-5131 is Plenum rated to UL2043 and NEC1999 to support above
the ceiling installations.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
!
CAUTION Symbol does not recommend mounting the AP-5131 directly to any
suspended ceiling tile with a thickness less than 12.7mm (0.5in.) or a
suspended ceiling tile with an unsupported span greater than 660mm
(26in.). Symbol strongly recommends fitting the AP-5131 with a safety
wire suitable for supporting the weight of the device. The safety wire
should be a standard ceiling suspension cable or equivalent steel wire
between 1.59mm (.062in.) and 2.5mm (.10in.) in diameter.
The mounting hardware required to install the AP-5131 above a ceiling consists of:
•
•
•
•
•
Light pipe
Badge for light pipe
Decal for badge
Safety wire (strongly recommended)
Security cable (optional)
To install the AP-5131 above a ceiling:
1. If possible, remove the adjacent ceiling tile from its frame and place it aside.
2. Install a safety wire, between 1.5mm (.06in.) and 2.5mm (.10in.) in diameter, in the ceiling
space.
3. If required, install and attach a security cable to the AP-5131’s lock port.
4. Mark a point on the finished side of the tile where the light pipe is to be located.
5. Create a light pipe path hole in the target position on the ceiling tile.
6. Use a drill to make a hole in the tile the approximate size of the AP-5131 LED light pipe.
!
CAUTION Symbol recommends care be taken not to damage the finished surface
of the ceiling tile when creating the light pipe hole and installing the
light pipe.
7. Remove the light pipe’s rubber stopper before installing the light pipe.
8. Connect the light pipe to the bottom of the AP-5131. Align the tabs and rotate approximately
90 degrees. Do not over tighten
Hardware Installation
Light Pipe
Ceiling Tile
Decal
Badge
9. Snap the clips of the light pipe into the bottom of the AP-5131.
10. Fit the light pipe into hole in the tile from its unfinished side.
11. Place the decal on the back of the badge and slide the badge onto the light pipe from the
finished side of the tile.
12. Attach the radio antennae to their correct connectors.
!
CAUTION Both the Dual and Single Radio model AP-5131s use RSMA type
antenna connectors. On the Dual Radio AP-5131, a single dot on the
antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for both Radio 1 (2.4
GHz) and Radio 2 (5.2 GHz). Two dots designate the secondary
antenna for both Radio 1 and Radio 2. On Single Radio models, a
single dot on the antenna connector indicates the primary antenna for
Radio 1, and two dots designate the secondary antenna for Radio 1.
13. Attach safety wire (if used) to the AP-5131 safety wire tie point or security cable (if used) to
the AP-5131’s lock port.
14. Align the ceiling tile into its former ceiling space.
15. Cable the AP-5131 using either the Symbol power injector solution or an approved line cord
and power supply.
!
CAUTION Do not supply power to the AP-5131 until the cabling of the unit is
complete.
2-19
2-20
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
For Symbol power injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the Power
Injector Data In connector.
b. Connect a RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the power injector Data & Power Out
connector and the AP-5131 LAN port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source (host) to the power injector and
AP-5131 does not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The power injector has no On/Off power
switch. The power injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more
information on using the power injector, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard Symbol 48-Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-24000-050) and line cord
installations:
a. Connect RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the AP-5131
LAN port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-5131.
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
16. Verify the behavior of the AP-5131 LED lightpipe. For more information, see LED Indicators
on page 2-20.
17. Place the ceiling tile back in its frame and verify it is secure.
The AP-5131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-5131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-5131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
2.8 LED Indicators
The AP-5131 utilizes seven LED indicators. Five LEDs display within four LED slots on the front of the
AP-5131 (on top of the AP-5131 housing) and two LEDs (for above the ceiling installations) are located
on the back of the device (the side containing the LAN, WAN and antenna connectors).
Hardware Installation
Power and Error Conditions (Split LED)
Data Over Ethernet
802.11a Radio Activity
802.11b/g Radio Activity
The five LEDs on the top housing of the AP-5131 are clearly visible in table-top, wall and below ceiling
installations. The five AP-5131 top housing LEDs have the following display and functionality:
Power Status
Solid white indicates the AP-5131 is adequately powered.
Error Conditions
Solid red indicates the AP-5131 is experiencing a problem condition requiring
immediate attention.
Ethernet Activity
Flashing white indicates data transfers and Ethernet activity.
802.11a Radio Activity Flickering amber indicates beacons and data transfers over the AP-5131
802.11a radio.
802.11b/g Radio
Activity
Flickering green indicates beacons and data transfers over the AP-5131
802.11b/g radio.
The LEDs on the rear of the AP-5131 are viewed using a single (customer installed) extended
lightpipe, adjusted as required to suit above the ceiling installations. The LEDs displayed using the
lightpipe have the following color display and functionality:
2-21
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Boot and Power Status Solid white indicates the AP-5131 is adequately powered.
Error Conditions
Solid red indicates the AP-5131 is experiencing a problem condition requiring
immediate attention.
Power and Error
Conditions
Blinking red indicates the AP-5131 Rogue AP Detection feature has located a
rogue device
2.9 Setting Up MUs
For a discussion of how to initially test the AP-5131 to ensure it can interoperate with the MUs
intended for its operational environment, see Basic Device Configuration on page 3-3 and specifically
Testing Connectivity on page 3-11.
Refer to the LA-5030 & LA-5033 Wireless Networker PC Card and PCI Adapter Users Guide, available
from the Symbol Web site, for installing drivers and client software if operating in an 802.11a/g
network environment.
Refer to the Spectrum24 LA-4121 PC Card, LA-4123 PCI Adapter & LA-4137 Wireless Networker User
Guide, available from the Symbol Web site, for installing drivers and client software if operating in
an 802.11b network environment.
Use the default values for the ESSID and other configuration parameters until the network connection
is verified. MUs attach to the network and interact with the AP transparently.
Getting Started
The AP-5131 should be installed in an area tested for radio coverage using one of the site survey tools
available to the Symbol field service technician. Once an installation site has been identified, the
installer should carefully follow the hardware precautions, requirements, mounting guidelines and
power options outlined in Hardware Installation on page 2-1.
3.1 Installing the AP-5131
Make the required cable and power connections before mounting the AP-5131 in its final operating
position. Test the AP-5131 with an associated MU before mounting and securing the AP-5131.
Carefully follow the mounting instructions in one of the following sections to ensure the AP-5131 is
installed correctly:
•
•
For instructions on installing the AP-5131 on a table top, see Desk Mounted Installations on
page 2-11.
For instructions on mounting an AP-5131 to a wall, see Wall Mounted Installations on page
2-13.
3-2
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
•
For instructions on mounting an AP-5131 to a ceiling T-bar, see Suspended Ceiling T-Bar
Installations on page 2-15.
To install an AP-5131 in an above the ceiling attic space, see Above the Ceiling (Plenum)
Installations on page 2-17.
For information on the 802.11a and 802.11b/g radio antenna suite available to the AP-5131, see
Antenna Options on page 2-5. For more information on using a Symbol Power Injector to combine
Ethernet and power in one cable to the AP-5131, see Symbol Power Injector System on page 2-7. To
verify the behavior of the AP-5131 LEDs once installed, see LED Indicators on page 2-20.
3.2 Configuration Options
Once installed and powered, the AP-5131 can be configured using one of several connection
techniques. Managing the AP-5131 includes viewing network statistics and setting configuration
options. The AP-5131 requires one of the following connection methods to manage the network:
•
•
•
•
Secure Java-Based WEB UI - (use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher available from Sun’s
Web site. Disable Microsoft’s Java Virtual Machine if installed). For information on using the
Web UI to set AP-5131 default configuration values, see Basic Device Configuration on page
3-3 or chapters 4 through 7 of this guide.
Command Line Interface (CLI) via Serial, Telnet and SSH. The AP-5131 CLI is accessed
through the AP-5131 RS232 port, via Telnet or SSH. The CLI follows the same configuration
conventions as the device user interface with a few documented exceptions. For details on
using the CLI to manage the AP-5131, see Command Line Interface Reference on page 8-1.
Config file - Readable text file; Importable/Exportable via FTP, TFTP and HTTP. Configuration
settings for an AP-5131 can be downloaded from the current configuration of another AP5131 meeting the import/export requirements. For information on importing or exporting
configuration files, see Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-30.
MIB (Management Information Base) accessing the AP-5131 SNMP functions using a MIB
Browser. The AP-5131 CDROM contains the following 2 MIB files:
• Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (standard Symbol MIB file)
• Symbol-AP-5131-MIB (AP-5131 specific MIB file)
Getting Started
3.3 Basic Device Configuration
For the basic setup described in this section, the Java-based Web UI will be used to configure the
AP-5131. Use the AP-5131’s LAN interface for establishing a link with the AP-5131. Configure the AP5131 as a DHCP client. For optimal screen resolution, set your screen resolution to 1024 x 768 pixels
or greater.
1. Start Internet Explorer and enter the following IP address in the address field: 192.168.0.1
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address for the AP-5131. The
user is required to enter a numerical IP address.
NOTE For optimum compatibility, use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher
(available from Sun’s Website), and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java
Virtual Machine if installed.
The AP-5131 login screen displays.
2. Log in using admin as the default User ID and symbol as the default Password.
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3-4
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
3. If the default login is successful, the Change Admin Password window displays. Change
the password.
Enter the current password and a new admin password in fields provided, and click Apply.
Once the admin password has been updated, a warning message displays stating the AP5131 must be set to a country.
.
NOTE Though the AP-5131 can have its basic settings defined using a number of
different screens, Symbol recommends using the AP-5131 Quick Setup
screen to set the correct country of operation and define its minimum
required configuration from one convenient location.
3.3.1 Configuring Device Settings
Configure a set of minimum required device settings within the AP-5131 Quick Setup screen. The
values defined within the Quick Setup screen are also configurable in numerous other locations
within the AP-5131 menu tree. When you change the settings in the Quick Setup screen, the values
also change within the screen where these parameters also exist. Additionally, if the values are
updated in these other screens, the values initially set within the Quick Setup screen will be updated.
To define a basic AP-5131 configuration:
1. Select System Configuration -> Quick Setup from the AP-5131 menu tree, if the Quick
Setup screen is not already displayed.
Getting Started
2. Enter a System Name for the AP-5131.
The System Name is useful if multiple Symbol devices are being administered.
3. Select the Country for the AP-5131’s country of operation from the drop-down menu
The AP-5131 prompts the user for the correct country code on the first login. A warning
message also displays stating that an incorrect country settings may result in illegal radio
operation. Selecting the correct country is central to legally operating the AP-5131. Each
country has its own regulatory restrictions concerning electromagnetic emissions and the
maximum RF signal strength that can be transmitted. To ensure compliance with national
and local laws, be sure to set the Country accurately. CLI and MIB users cannot configure
their AP-5131 until a two character country code (for example, United States - us) is set.
Refer to Country Codes on page A-5 for the two character country codes.
NOTE The System Name and Country are also configurable within the System
Settings screen. Refer to Configuring System Settings on page 4-2 (if
necessary) to set a system location and admin email address for the
AP-5131 or to view other default settings.
3-5
3-6
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4. Optionally enter the IP address of the server used to provide system time to the AP-5131
within the Time Server field.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address. The user is required
to enter a numerical IP address.
Once the IP address is entered, the AP-5131’s Network Time Protocol (NTP) functionality is
engaged automatically. Refer to the AP-5131 Product Reference Guide for information on
defining alternate time servers and setting a synchronization interval for the AP-5131 to
adjust its displayed time. Refer to Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-26 (if
necessary) for information on setting alternate time servers and setting a synchronization
interval for the AP-5131 to adjust its displayed time.
5. Click the WAN tab to set a minimum set of parameters for using the WAN interface.
a. Select the Enable WAN Interface checkbox to enable a connection between the
AP-5131 and a larger network or outside world through the WAN port. Disable this
option to effectively isolate the AP-5131’s WAN connection. No connections to a larger
network or the Internet will be possible. MUs cannot communicate beyond the
configured subnets.
b. Select the This Interface is a DHCP Client checkbox to enable DHCP for the AP-5131
WAN connection. This is useful, if the larger corporate network or Internet Service
Provider (ISP) uses DHCP. DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP address
allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters from a DHCP server to
a host. Some of these parameters are IP address, network mask, and gateway.
NOTE Symbol recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
c. Specify an IP address for the AP-5131’s WAN connection. An IP address uses a series
of four numbers expressed in dot notation, for example, 190.188.12.1 (no DNS names
supported).
d. Specify a Subnet Mask for the AP-5131’s WAN connection. This number is available
from the ISP for a DSL or cable-modem connection, or from an administrator if the
AP-5131 connects to a larger network. A subnet mask uses a series of four numbers
expressed in dot notation. For example, 255.255.255.0 is a valid subnet mask.
e. Define a Default Gateway address for the AP-5131’s WAN connection. The ISP or a
network administrator provides this address.
Getting Started
f. Specify the address of a Primary DNS Server. The ISP or a network administrator
provides this address.
6. Optionally, use the Enable PPP over Ethernet checkbox to enable Point-to-Point over
Ethernet (PPPoE) for a high-speed connection that supports this protocol. Most DSL
providers are currently using or deploying this protocol. PPPoE is a data-link protocol for
dialup connections. PPPoE will allow the AP-5131 to use a broadband modem (DSL, cable
modem, etc.) for access to high-speed data networks.
a. Select the Keep Alive checkbox to enable occasional communications over the WAN
port even when client communications to the WAN are idle. Some ISPs terminate
inactive connections, while others do not. In either case, enabling Keep-Alive maintains
the WAN connection, even when there is no traffic. If the ISP drops the connection after
the idle time, the AP-5131 automatically reestablishes the connection to the ISP.
b. Specify a Username entered when connecting to the ISP. When the Internet session
begins, the ISP authenticates the username.
c. Specify a Password entered when connecting to the ISP. When the Internet session
starts, the ISP authenticates the password.
For additional AP-5131 WAN port configuration options, see Configuring WAN Settings on
page 5-13.
7. Click the LAN tab to set a minimum set of parameters to use the AP-5131 LAN interface.
a. Select the Enable LAN Interface checkbox to forward data traffic over the AP-5131
LAN connection. The LAN connection is enabled by default.
b. Use the This Interface drop-down menu to specify how network address information
is defined over the AP-5131’s LAN connection. Select DHCP Client if the larger
corporate network uses DHCP. DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP
address allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters from a DHCP
server to a host. Some of these parameters are IP address, network mask, and gateway.
Select DHCP Server to use the AP-5131 as a DHCP server over the LAN connection.
Select the Bootp client option to enable a diskless system to discover its own IP
address.
.
NOTE Symbol recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
c. If using the static or DHCP Server option, enter the network-assigned IP Address of the
AP-5131.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address for the AP-5131. The
user is required to enter a numerical IP address.
d. The Subnet Mask defines the size of the subnet. The first two sets of numbers specify
the network domain, the next set specifies the subset of hosts within a larger network.
These values help divide a network into subnetworks and simplify routing and data
transmission.
e. If using the static or DHCP Server option, enter a Default Gateway to define the
numerical IP address of a router the AP-5131 uses on the Ethernet as its default gateway.
f. If using the static or DHCP Server option, enter the Primary DNS Server numerical IP
address.
g. If using the DHCP Server option, use the Address Assignment Range parameter to
specify a range of IP address reserved for mapping clients to IP addresses. If a manually
(static) mapped IP address is within the IP address range specified, that IP address could
still be assigned to another client. To avoid this, ensure all statically mapped IP
addresses are outside of the IP address range assigned to the DHCP server.
For additional AP-5131 LAN port configuration options, see Configuring the LAN Interface
on page 5-1.
8. Enable the radio(s) using the Radio Enable checkbox(es). If using a single radio AP-5131,
enable the radio, then select either 2.4 GHz or 5.2 GHz from the RF Band of Operation field.
Only one RF band option at a time is permissible in a single-radio AP-5131. If using a dualradio AP-5131, the user can enable both RF bands. For additional AP-5131 radio
configuration options, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
9. Select the WLAN #1 tab (WLANs 1 - 4 are available within the Quick Setup screen) to define
its ESSID and security scheme for basic operation.
NOTE A maximum of 16 WLANs are configurable within the AP-5131 Wireless
Configuration screen. The limitation of 16 WLANs exists regardless of
whether the AP-5131 is a single or dual-radio model.
a. Enter the Extended Services Set Identification (ESSID) and name associated with the
WLAN. For additional information on creating and editing up to 16 WLANs per AP-5131,
see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
Getting Started
b. Use the Available On checkboxes to define whether the target WLAN is operating over
the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio. Ensure the radio selected has been enabled (see step 8).
c. Even an AP-5131 configured with minimal values must protect its data against theft and
corruption. A security policy should be configured for WLAN1 as part of the basic
configuration outlined in this guide. A security policy can be configured for the WLAN
from within the Quick Setup screen. Policies can be defined over time and saved to be
used as needed as the AP-5131’s security requirements change. Symbol recommends
you familiarize yourself with the security options available on the AP-5131 before
defining a security policy. Refer to Configuring WLAN Security Settings on page 3-9.
10. Click Apply to save any changes to the AP-5131 Quick Setup screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
11. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the AP-5131 Quick Setup screen to the last saved configuration.
3.3.1.1 Configuring WLAN Security Settings
To configure a basic security policy for a WLAN:
1. From the AP-5131 Quick Setup screen, click the Create button to the right of the Security
Policy item.
The New Security Policy screen displays with the Manually Pre-shared key/No
authentication and No Encryption options selected. Naming and saving such a policy (as
is) would provide no security and might only make sense in a guest network wherein no
sensitive data is either transmitted or received. Consequently, at a minimum, a basic
security scheme (in this case WEP 128) is recommended in a network environment wherein
sensitive data is transmitted.
NOTE For information on configuring the other encryption and authentication
options available to the AP-5131, see Configuring Security Options on
page 6-2.
2. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
Multiple WLANs can share the same security policy, so be careful not to name security
policies after specific WLANs or risk defining a WLAN to single policy. Symbol recommends
naming the policy after the attributes of the authentication or encryption type selected.
3. Select the WEP 128 (104 bit key) checkbox.
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The WEP 128 Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Configure the WEP 128 Settings field as required to define the Pass Key used to generate
the WEP keys.
Pass Key
Specify a 4 to 32 character pass key and click the Generate
button. The AP-5131, other proprietary routers and Symbol MUs
use the same algorithm to convert an ASCII string to the same
hexadecimal number. Non-Symbol clients and devices need to
enter WEP keys manually as hexadecimal numbers. The AP-5131
and its target client(s) must use the same pass key to
interoperate.
Getting Started
Keys #1-4
Use the Key #1-4 fields to specify key numbers. The key can be
either a hexidecimal or ASCII depending on which option is
selected from the drop-down menu. For WEP 64 (40-bit key), the
keys are 10 hexadecimal characters in length or 5 ASCII
characters. For WEP 128 (104-bit key), the keys are 26
hexadecimal characters in length or 13 ASCII characters. Select
one of these keys for activation by clicking its radio button. The
AP-5131 and its target client(s) must use the same key to
interoperate.
5. Click the Apply button to save the security policy and return to the AP-5131 Quick Setup
screen.
At this point, you can test the AP-5131 for MU interoperability.
3.3.2 Testing Connectivity
Verify the AP-5131’s link with an MU by sending Wireless Network Management Protocol (WNMP)
ping packets to the associated MU. Use the Echo Test screen to specify a target MU and configure
the parameters of the test. The WNMP ping test only works with Symbol MUs. Only use a Symbol
MU to test AP-5131 connectivity using WNMP.
To ping a specific MU to assess its connection with an AP-5131:
NOTE Before testing for connectivity, the target MU needs to be set to the same
ESSID as the AP-5131. Since WEP 128 has been configured for the AP5131, the MU also needs to be configured for WEP 128 and use the same
WEP keys. Ensure the MU is associated with the AP-5131 before testing
for connectivity.
1. Select Status and Statistics -> MU Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Select the Echo Test button from within the MU Stats Summary screen.
3. Define the following parameters for the test.
Station Address
The station address is the IP address of the target MU. Refer to
the MU Stats Summary screen for associated MU IP address
information.
Number of pings
Defines the number of packets to be transmitted to the MU. The
default is 100.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Packet Length
Specifies the length of each packet transmitted to the MU during
the test. The default length is 100 bytes.
4. Click the Ping button to begin transmitting packets to the specified MU address.
Refer to the Number of Responses value to assess the number of responses from the MU
versus the number of ping packets transmitted by the AP-5131. Use the ratio of packets sent
versus the number of packets received the link quality between the MU and the AP-5131.
Click the OK button to exit the Echo Test screen and return to the MU Stats Summary screen.
3.3.3 Where to Go from Here?
Once basic connectivity has been verified, the AP-5131 can be fully configured to meet the needs of
the network and the users it supports. Refer to the following:
•
•
•
•
For detailed information on AP-5131 device access, SNMP settings, network time,
importing/exporting device configurations and device firmware updates, see Chapter 4,
System Configuration on page 4-1.
For detailed information on configuring AP-5131 LAN interface (subnet) and WAN interface
see, Chapter 5, Network Management on page 5-1.
For detailed information on configuring specific encryption and authentication security
schemes for individual AP-5131 WLANs, see Chapter 6, Configuring Access Point Security
on page 6-1.
To view detailed statistics on the AP-5131 and its associated MUs, see Monitoring Statistics
on page 7-1.
System Configuration
The Symbol AP-5131 contains a built-in browser interface for system configuration and remote
management using a standard Web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator
or Mozilla Firefox. The browser interface also allows for system monitoring of the AP.
Web management of the AP-5131 requires either Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 or later or Netscape
Navigator 6.0 or later.
NOTE For optimum compatibility, use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher
(available from Sun’s Web site), and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java
Virtual Machine if installed.
To connect to the AP, the AP-5131 IP is required. Enter 192.168.0.1 for the default IP address. The
password is “symbol.”
.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address for the AP-5131. The
user is required to enter a numerical IP address.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
System configuration topics include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Configuring System Settings
Configuring Data Access
Managing Certificate Authority (CA) Certificates
Configuring SNMP Settings
Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP)
Logging Configuration
Importing/Exporting Configurations
Updating Device Firmware
4.1 Configuring System Settings
Use the System Settings screen to specify the name and location of the AP-5131, assign an email
address for the network administrator, restore the AP’s default configuration or restart the AP.
To configure System Settings for the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration -> System Settings from the AP-5131 menu tree.
System Configuration
2. Configure the AP-5131 System Settings field to assign a system name and location, set the
country of operation and view device version information.
System Name
Specify a device name for the AP-5131. Symbol recommends
selecting a name serving as a reminder of the user base the
AP-5131 supports (engineering, retail, etc.).
System Location
Enter the location of the AP-5131. The System Location
parameter acts as a reminder of where the AP can be found. Use
the System Name field as a specific identifier of device
location. Use the System Name and System Location fields
together to optionally define the AP name by the radio coverage
it supports and specific physical location. For example, “second
floor engineering”
Admin Email Address Specify the AP administrator's email address.
Country
The AP-5131 prompts the user for the correct country code
after the first login. A warning message also displays stating
that an incorrect country setting will lead to an illegal use of the
AP-5131. Use the pull-down menu to select the country of
operation. Selecting the correct country is extremely important.
Each country has its own regulatory restrictions concerning
electromagnetic emissions (channel range) and the maximum
RF signal strength transmitted. To ensure compliance with
national and local laws, be sure to set the Country field
correctly.
If using the AP-5131 configuration file, CLI or MIB to configure
the AP-5131’s country code, see Country Codes on page A-5.
AP-5131 Version
The displayed number is the current version of the AP-5131
device firmware. Use this information to determine if the AP is
running the most recent firmware available from Symbol. Use
the Firmware Update screen to keep the AP’s firmware up to
date. For more information, see Updating Device Firmware on
page 4-34.
System Uptime
Displays the current uptime of the AP-5131 defined in the
System Name field. System Uptime is the cumulative time since
the AP-5131 was last rebooted or lost power.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Serial Number
Displays the AP-5131 Media Access Control (MAC) address.
The AP-5131 MAC address is hard coded at the factory and
cannot be modified. The LAN and WAN port MAC addresses
can be located within the LAN and WAN Stats screens. For
information on locating the AP-5131 MAC addresses, see
Viewing WAN Statistics on page 7-2 and Viewing LAN
Statistics on page 7-5.
3. Refer to the Factory Defaults field to restore either a full or partial default configuration.
Restore Default
Configuration
Select the Restore Default Configuration button to reset the
AP’s configuration to factory default settings. If selected, a
message displays warning the user the current configuration will
be lost if the default configuration is restored. Before using this
feature, Symbol recommends using the Config Import/Export
screen to export the current configuration for safekeeping, see
Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-30.
Restore Partial
Select the Restore Partial Default Configuration button to
Default Configuration restore a default configuration with the exception of the current
LAN, WAN, SNMP settings and IP address used to launch the
browser. If selected, a message displays warning the user all
current configuration settings will be lost with the exception of
WAN and SNMP settings. Before using this feature, Symbol
recommends using the Config Import/Export screen to export the
current configuration for safekeeping, see Importing/Exporting
Configurations on page 4-30.
4. Use the Restart AP-5131 field to restart the AP (if necessary).
Restart AP-5131
Click the Restart AP-5131 button to reboot the AP. Restarting the
AP-5131 resets all data collection values to zero. Symbol does not
recommend restarting the AP during significant system uptime or
data collection activities.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the System Settings screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
NOTE The Apply button is not needed for restoring the AP-5131 default
configuration or restarting the AP-5131.
System Configuration
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the System Settings screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.2 Configuring Data Access
Use the AP-5131 Access screen to enable/disable data throughput to the AP-5131’s LAN and WAN
interfaces and display screens for changing administrator passwords.
Use the AP-5131 Access screen checkboxes to enable or disable LAN and/or WAN access using the
protocols and ports listed. If access is disabled, this effectively locks out the AP administrator from
configuring the AP-5131 using that interface. To avoid jeopardizing the network data managed by the
AP-5131, Symbol recommends enabling only those interfaces used in the routine (daily) management
of the network, and disabling all other interfaces until they are required.
To configure access for the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration -> AP-5131 Access from the AP-5131 menu tree.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Use the AP-5131 Access field checkboxes to enable/disable the following AP-5131
interfaces:
Applet HTTP (port 80) Select the LAN and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access to the
AP-5131 configuration applet using a Web browser.
Applet HTTPS (port
443)
Select the LAN and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access to the
AP-5131 configuration applet using a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
for encrypted HTTP sessions.
CLI TELNET (port 23)
Select the LAN and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access to the
AP-5131 CLI via the TELNET terminal emulation TCP/IP protocol.
CLI SSH (port 22)
Select the LAN and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access to the
AP-5131 CLI using the SSH (Secure Shell) protocol.
SNMP (port 161)
Select the LAN and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access to the
AP-5131 configuration settings from an SNMP-capable client.
3. Refer to the Applet Timeout field to set an HTTPS timeout interval.
HTTP/S Timeout
Disables access to the AP-5131 if no data activity is detected over
Applet HTTPS (port 443) after the user defined interval. Default is
0 Mins.
4. Configure the Secure Shell field to set timeout values to reduce network inactivity.
Authentication
Timeout
Defines the maximum time (0–120 seconds) allowed for SSH
authentication to occur before executing a timeout. The default is
120 seconds.
SSH Keepalive
Interval
The SSH Keepalive Interval defines a period (in minutes) after
which if no data has been received from an client, SSH sends a
message through the encrypted channel to request a response from
the client. The default is 0, and no messages will be sent to the
client until a non-zero value is set. Defining a Keepalive interval is
important, otherwise programs running on a server may never
notice if the other end of a connection is rebooted.
5. Use the Admin Authentication buttons to specify the authentication server connection
method.
Local
The AP-5131 verifies the authentication connection.
System Configuration
Radius
Designates that a Radius server is used in the authentication
credential verification. If using this option, the connected PC is
required to have its Radius credentials verified with an external
Radius server. Additionally, the Radius Server’s Active Directory
should have a valid user configured and have a PAP based Remote
Access Policy configured for Radius Admin Authentication to work.
6. Use the Radius Server if a Radius server has been selected as the authentication server,
enter the required network address information.
Radius Server IP
Specify the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the Remote
Authentication Dial-In User Service (Radius) server. Radius is a
client/server protocol and software enabling remote-access
servers to communicate with a server used to authenticate users
and authorize access to the requested system or service.
Port
Specify the port on which the server is listening. The Radius server
typically listens on ports 1812 (default port).
Shared Secret
Define a shared secret for authentication on the server. The shared
secret is required to be the same as the shared secret defined on
the Radius server. Use shared secrets to verify Radius messages
(with the exception of the Access-Request message) sent by a
Radius-enabled device configured with the same shared secret.
Apply the qualifications of a well-chosen password to the
generation of a shared secret. Generate a random, case-sensitive
string using letters, numbers and symbols. The default is symbol.
7. Update the Administrator Access field to change the administrative password used to
access the AP-5131 configuration settings.
Change Admin
Password
Click the Change Admin Password button to display a screen
for updating the AP administrator password. Enter and confirm a
new administrator password as required.
8. Click Apply to save any changes to the AP-5131 Access screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
9. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the AP-5131 Access screen to the last saved configuration.
10. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4.3 Managing Certificate Authority (CA) Certificates
Certificate management includes the following sections:
•
•
Importing a CA Certificate
Creating Self Certificates
4.3.1 Importing a CA Certificate
A certificate authority (CA) is a network authority that issues and manages security credentials and
public keys for message encryption. The CA signs all digital certificates that it issues with its own
private key. The corresponding public key is contained within the certificate and is called a CA
certificate. A browser must contain this CA certificate in its Trusted Root Library so that it can trust
certificates “signed” by the CA's private key.
Depending on the public key infrastructure, the digital certificate includes the owner's public key, the
certificate expiration date, the owner's name and other public key owner information.
The AP-5131 can import and maintain a set of CA certificates to use as an authentication option for
Virtual Private Network (VPN) access. To use the certificate for a VPN tunnel, define a tunnel and
select the IKE settings to use either RSA or DES certificates. For additional information on configuring
VPN tunnels, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
Refer to your AP-5131 network administrator to obtain a CA certificate to import into the AP-5131.
NOTE Verify the AP-5131 device time is synchronized with an NTP server before
importing a certificate to avoid issues with conflicting date/time stamps.
For more information, see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on
page 4-26.
To import a CA certificate:
1. Select System Configuration -> Certificate Mgmt -> CA Certificates from the AP-5131
menu tree.
System Configuration
2. Copy the content of the CA Certificate message (using a text editor such as notepad) and
then click on Paste from Clipboard.
The content of the certificate displays in the Import a root CA Certificate field.
3. Click the Import root CA Certificate button to import it into the CA Certificate list.
4. Once in the list, select the certificate ID within the View Imported root CA Certificates
field to view the certificate issuer name, subject, and certificate expiration data.
5. To delete a certificate, select the Id from the drop-down menu and click the Del button.
4.3.2 Creating Self Certificates
The AP-5131 requires two kinds of certificates for accessing the VPN, CA certificates and self
certificates. Self certificates are certificate requests you create, send to a Certificate Authority (CA)
to be signed, then import the signed certificate into the management system.
To create a self certificate:
1. Select System Configuration -> Certificate Mgmt -> Self Certificates from the AP-5131
menu tree.
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2. Click on the Add button to create the certificate request.
The Certificate Request screen displays.
3. Complete the request form with the pertinent information. Only 4 values are required, the
others optional:
Key ID
Enter a logical name for the certificate to help distinguish between
certificates. The name can be up to 7 characters in length.
Subject
The required Subject value contains important information about
the certificate. Contact the CA signing the certificate to determine
the content of the Subject parameter.
Signature Algorithm
Use the drop-down menu to select the signature algorithm used for
the certificate. Options include:
• MD5-RSA - Message Digest 5 algorithm in combination with
RSA encryption.
• SHA1-RSA - Secure Hash Algorithm 1 in combination with
RSA encryption.
System Configuration
Key Length
Defines the length of the key. Possible values are 512, 1024, and
2048.
4. Complete as many of the optional values within the Certificate Request screen as
possible.
5. When the form is completed, click the Generate button.
The Certificate Request screen disappears and the ID of the generated certificate request
displays in the drop-down list of certificates.
6. Click the Export Request button.
The generated certificate request displays in Self Certificates screen text box.
7. Click the Copy to Clipboard button.
The content of certificate request is copied to the clipboard.
Create an email to your CA, paste the content of the request into the body of the message
and send it to the CA.
The CA signs the certificate and will send it back. Once received, copy the content from the
email into the clipboard.
8. Click the Paste from clipboard button.
The content of the email displays in the window.
9. Click the Import Certificate button to import the certificate and make it available for use
as a VPN authentication option.
NOTE If the AP-5131 is restarted after a certificate request has been generated
but before the signed certificate is imported, the import will not execute
properly. Do not restart the AP-5131 during this process.
The certificate ID displays in the Signed list.
10. To use the certificate for a VPN tunnel, first define a tunnel and select the IKE settings to
use either RSA or DES certificates. For additional information on configuring VPN tunnels,
see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
4.4 Configuring SNMP Settings
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) facilitates the exchange of management information
between network devices. SNMP uses Management Information Bases (MIBs) to manage the device
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configuration and monitor Internet devices in potentially remote locations. MIB information accessed
via SNMP is defined by a set of managed objects called object identifiers (OIDs). An object identifier
(OID) is used to uniquely identify each object variable of a MIB. The AP-5131 CDROM contains the
following 2 MIB files:
• Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (common Symbol MIB file)
• Symbol-AP-5131-MIB (AP-5131 specific MIB file)
NOTE The Symbol-AP-5131-MIB contains the majority of the information
contained within the Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 file. This feature rich
information has been validated with the Symbol WS2000 and proven
reliable. The remaining portion of the Symbol-AP-5131-MIB contains
supplemental information unique to the AP-5131 feature set.
If using the Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 and/or Symbol-AP-5131-MIB to configure the AP-5131, use
the table below to locate the MIB where the feature can be configured.
Feature
MIB
Feature
MIB
LAN Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Subnet Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
VLAN Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
DHCP Server
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
802.1x Port
Authentication
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Advanced DHCP
Server configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Ethernet Type Filter
Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
WAN IP Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Wireless
Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
PPP Over Ethernet
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Security Configuration Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
NAT Address Mapping Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MU ACL Configuration Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
VPN Tunnel
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
QOS Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
VPN Tunnel status
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Radio Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Content Filtering
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Bandwidth
Management
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Rogue AP Detection
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP Trap Selection Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Firewall Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
System Configuration
SNMP RF Trap
Thresholds
Feature
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
MIB
LAN to WAN Access
Feature
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MIB
Config Import/Export
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Advanced LAN Access Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MU Authentication
Stats
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Router Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
WNMP Ping
Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
System Settings
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Known AP Stats
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
AP 5131 Access
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Flash LEDs
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Certificate Mgt
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP Access
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP Trap
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
NTP Server
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Logging Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Firmware Update
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Wireless Stats
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Radio Stats
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MU Stats
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP allows a network administrator to manage network performance, find and solve network
problems, and plan for network growth. The AP-5131 supports SNMP management functions for
gathering information from its network components, communicating that information to specified
users and configuring the AP-5131. All the fields available within the AP-5131 are also configurable
within the MIB.
The AP-5131 SNMP agent functions as a command responder and is a multilingual agent responding
to SNMPv1, v2c and v3 managers (command generators). The factory default configuration maintains
SNMPv1/2c support of the community names, hence providing backward compatibility.
SNMP v1/v2c community definitions and SNMP v3 user definitions work independently, and both use
the Access Control List (ACL) of the SNMP Access Control sub-screen.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Use the SNMP Access screen to define SNMP v1/v2c community definitions and SNMP v3 user
definitions. SNMP version 1 (v1) provides a strong network management system, but its security is
relatively weak. The improvements in SNMP version 2c (v2c) do not include the attempted security
enhancements of other version-2 protocols. Instead, SNMP v2c defaults to SNMP-standard
community strings for read-only and read/write access. SNMP version 3 (v3) further enhances
protocol features, providing much improved security. SNMP v3 encrypts transmissions and provides
authentication for users generating requests.
To configure SNMP v1/v2c community definitions and SNMP v3 user definitions for the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access from the AP-5131 menu tree.
SNMP v1/v2c community definitions allow read-only or read/write access to AP-5131
management information. The SNMP community includes users whose IP addresses are
specified on the SNMP Access Control screen.
A read-only community string allows a remote device to retrieve information, while a read/
write community string allows a remote device to modify settings. Symbol recommends
considering adding a community definition using a site-appropriate name and access level.
Set up a read/write definition (at a minimum) to facilitate full access by the AP-5131
administrator.
System Configuration
2. Configure the SNMP v1/v2 Configuration field (if SNMP v1/v2 is used) to add or delete
community definitions, name the community, specify the OID and define community access.
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v1/v2c community definition.
Delete
Select Delete to remove a SNMP v1/v2c community definition.
Community
Use the Community field to specify a site-appropriate name for
the community. The name is required to match the name used
within the remote network management software.
OID
Use the OID (Object Identifier) pull-down list to specify a setting of
All or a enter a Custom OID. Select All to assign the user access to
all OIDs in the MIB. The OID field uses numbers expressed in dot
notation.
Access
Use the Access pull-down list to specify read-only (R) access or
read/write (RW) access for the community. Read-only access
allows a remote device to retrieve AP-5131 information, while
read/write access allows a remote device to modify AP-5131
settings.
3. Configure the SNMP v3 User Definitions field (if SNMP v3 is used) to add and configure
SNMP v3 user definitions.
SNMP v3 user definitions allow read-only or read/write access to management information
as appropriate.
Add
Click Add to create a new entry for an SNMP v3 user.
Delete
Select Delete to remove an entry for an SNMP v3 user.
Username
Specify a username by typing an alphanumeric string of up to 31
characters.
Security Level
Use the Security Level area to specify a security level of noAuth
(no authorization), AuthNoPriv (authorization without privacy), or
AuthPriv (authorization with privacy).
The NoAuth setting specifies no login authorization or encryption
for the user.
The AuthNoPriv setting requires login authorization, but no
encryption.
The AuthPriv setting requires login authorization and uses the
Data Encryption Standard (DES) protocol.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
OID
Use the OID (Object Identifier) area to specify a setting of All or
enter a Custom OID. Select All to assign the user access to all OIDs
in the MIB. The OID field uses numbers expressed in dot notation.
Passwords
Select Passwords to display the Password Settings screen for
specifying authentication and password settings for an SNMP v3
user. The maximum password length is 11 characters. Use the
Authentication Algorithm drop-down menu to specify MD5 or
SHA1 as the authentication algorithm. Use the Privacy Algorithm
drop-down menu to define an algorithm of DES or AES-128bit.
When entering the same username on the SNMP Traps and
SNMP Access screens, the password entered on the SNMP Traps
page overwrites the password entered on the SNMP Access page.
To avoid this problem, enter the same password on both pages.
Access
Use the Access pull-down list to specify read-only (R) access or
read/write (RW) access for a user. Read-only access permits a user
to retrieve AP-5131 information, while read/write access allows a
user to modify AP-5131settings.
4. Specify the users who can read and optionally modify the SNMP-capable client.
SNMP Access Control Click the SNMP Access Control button to display the SNMP
Access Control screen for specifying which users can read
SNMP-generated information and potentially modify related
settings from an SNMP-capable client.
The SNMP Access Control screen's Access Control List (ACL) uses
Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to restrict access to the AP’s SNMP
interface. The ACL applies to both SNMP v3 user definitions and
SNMP v1/v2c community definitions.
For detailed instructions of configuring SNMP user access and
modification privileges, see Configuring SNMP Access Control on
page 4-17.
5. If configuring SNMP v3 user definitions, set the SNMP v3 engine ID.
AP-5131 SNMP v3
Engine ID
The AP-5131 SNMP v3 Engine ID field lists the unique SNMP v3
Engine ID for the AP-5131. This ID is used in SNMP v3 as the
source for a trap, response or report. It is also used as the
destination ID when sending get, getnext, getbulk, set or inform
commands.
System Configuration
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP Access screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
7. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the SNMP Access screen to the last saved configuration.
8. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
For additional SNMP configuration information, see:
•
•
•
•
Configuring SNMP Access Control
Enabling SNMP Traps
Configuring Specific SNMP Traps
Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds
4.4.1 Configuring SNMP Access Control
Use the SNMP Access Control screen (as launched from the SNMP Access screen) to specify
which users can read SNMP generated information and, if capable, modify related settings from an
SNMP-capable client.
Use the SNMP Access Control screen's Access Control List (ACL) to limit, by Internet Protocol (IP)
address, who can access the AP-5131 SNMP interface.
NOTE The ACL applies to both SNMP v3 user definitions and SNMP v1/v2c
community definitions on the AP-5131 SNMP Access screen.
To configure SNMP user access control for the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access from the AP-5131 menu tree. Click on the
SNMP Access Control button from within the SNMP Access screen.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Configure the SNMP Access Control screen to add the IP addresses of those users receiving
SNMP access.
Access Control List
Enter Start IP and End IP addresses (numerical addresses only, no
DNS names supported) to specify a range of user that can access
the AP-5131 SNMP interface. An SNMP-capable client can be set
up whereby only the administrator (for example) can use a read/
write community definition.
Use just the Starting IP Address column to specify a single SNMP
user. Use both the Starting IP Address and Ending IP Address
columns to specify a range of addresses for SNMP users.
To add a single IP address to the ACL, enter the same IP address in
the Start IP and End IP fields.
Leave the ACL blank to allow access to the SNMP interface from
the IP addresses of all authorized users.
Add
Click Add to create a new ACL entry.
Edit
Click Edit to revise an existing ACL entry.
Delete
Click Delete to remove a selected ACL entry for one or more SNMP
users.
System Configuration
OK
Click Ok to return to the SNMP Access screen. Click Apply within
the SNMP Access screen to save any changes made on the SNMP
Access Control screen.
Cancel
Click Cancel to undo any changes made on the SNMP Access
Control screen. This reverts all settings for this screen to the last
saved configuration.
4.4.2 Enabling SNMP Traps
SNMP provides the ability to send traps to notify the administrator that trap conditions are met. Traps
are network packets containing data relating to network devices, or SNMP agents, that send the
traps. SNMP management applications can receive and interpret these packets, and optionally can
perform responsive actions. SNMP trap generation is programmable on a trap-by-trap basis.
Use the SNMP Traps Configuration screen to enable traps and to configure appropriate settings
for reporting this information. Trap configuration depends on the network machine that receives the
generated traps. SNMP v1/v2c and v3 trap configurations function independently. In a mixed SNMP
environment, generated traps can be sent using configurations for both SNMP v1/v2c and v3.
To configure SNMP traps on the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access - > SNMP Trap Configuration from the
AP-5131 menu tree.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Configure the SNMP v1/v2c Trap Configuration field (if SNMP v1/v2c Traps are used) to
modify the following:
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v1/v2c Trap Configuration entry.
Delete
Click Delete to remove a selected SNMP v1/v2c Trap
Configuration entry.
Destination IP
Specify a numerical (non DNS name) destination IP address for
receiving the traps sent by the AP-5131 SNMP agent.
Port
Specify a destination User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port for
receiving traps. The default is 162.
Community
Enter a community name specific to the SNMP-capable client that
receives the traps.
SNMP Version
Use the SNMP Version drop-down menu to specify v1 or v2.
Some SNMP clients support only SNMP v1 traps, while others
support SNMP v2 traps and possibly both, verify the correct traps
are in use with clients that support them.
3. Configure the SNMP v3 Trap Configuration field (if SNMP v3 Traps are used) to modify
the following:
System Configuration
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v3 Trap Configuration entry.
Delete
Select Delete to remove an entry for an SNMP v3 user.
Destination IP
Specify a numerical (non DNS name) destination IP address for
receiving the traps sent by the AP-5131 SNMP agent.
Port
Specify a destination User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port for
receiving traps.
Username
Enter a username specific to the SNMP-capable client receiving
the traps.
Security Level
Use the Security Level drop-down menu to specify a security
level of noAuth (no authorization), AuthNoPriv (authorization
without privacy), or AuthPriv (authorization with privacy).
The "NoAuth" setting specifies no login authorization or encryption
for the user. The "AuthNoPriv" setting requires login authorization,
but no encryption. The "AuthPriv" setting requires login
authorization and uses the Data Encryption Standard (DES).
Passwords
Select Passwords to display the Password Settings screen for
specifying authentication and password settings for an SNMP v3
user. The maximum password length is 11 characters. Use the
Authentication Algorithm drop-down menu to specify MD5 or
SHA1 as the authentication algorithm. Use the Privacy Algorithm
drop-down menu to define an algorithm of DES or AES-128bit.
If entering the same username on the SNMP Traps and SNMP
Access screens, the password entered on the SNMP Traps page
overwrites the password entered on the SNMP Access page. To
avoid this problem, enter the same password on both pages.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP Trap Configuration screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being
lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on SNMP Trap Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4.4.3 Configuring Specific SNMP Traps
Use the SNMP Traps screen to enable specific traps on the AP-5131. Symbol recommends defining
traps to capture unauthorized devices operating within the AP-5131 coverage area. Trap configuration
depends on the network machine that receives the generated traps. SNMP v1/v2c and v3 trap
configurations function independently. In a mixed SNMP environment, traps can be sent using
configurations for both SNMP v1/v2c and v3.
To configure specific SNMP traps on the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access - > SNMP Traps from the AP-5131 menu
tree.
2. Configure the MU Traps field to generate traps for MU associations, MU association
denials and MU authentication denials. When a trap is enabled, a trap is sent every 5
seconds until the condition no longer exists.
MU associated
Generates a trap when an MU becomes associated with one of the
AP-5131’s WLANs.
MU unassociated
Generates a trap when an MU becomes unassociated with (or gets
dropped from) one of the AP-5131’s WLANs.
System Configuration
MU associated
Generates a trap when an MU becomes associated with one of the
AP-5131’s WLANs.
MU denied
association
Generates a trap when an MU is denied association to a AP-5131
WLAN. Can be caused when the maximum number of MUs for a
WLAN is exceeded or when an MU violates the AP-5131’s Access
Control List (ACL).
MU denied
authentication
Generates a trap when an MU is denied authentication on one of
the AP’s WLANs. Can be caused by the MU being set for the wrong
authentication type for the WLAN or by an incorrect key or
password.
3. Configure the SNMP Traps field to generate traps when SNMP capable MUs are denied
authentication privileges or are subject of an ACL violation. When a trap is enabled, a trap
is sent every 5 seconds until the condition no longer exists.
SNMP authentication Generates a trap when an SNMP-capable client is denied access
to the AP-5131’s SNMP management functions or data. This can
failures
result from an incorrect login, or missing/incorrect user credentials.
SNMP ACL violation
Generates a trap when an SNMP client cannot access SNMP
management functions or data due to an Access Control List (ACL)
violation. This can result from a missing/incorrect IP address
entered within the SNMP Access Control screen.
4. Configure the Network Traps field to generate traps when the AP-5131’s link status
changes or when the AP’s firewall detects a DOS attack.
Physical port status
change
Generates a trap whenever the status changes on the AP-5131.
The physical port status changes when a link is lost between the
AP-5131 and a connected device.
Denial of service
(DOS) attempts
Generates a trap whenever a Denial of Service (DOS) attack is
detected by the AP-5131 firewall. A new trap is sent at the
specified interval until the attack has stopped.
Send trap every
Defines the interval in seconds the AP-5131 uses to generate a
trap until the Denial of Service attack is stopped. Default is 10
seconds.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
5. Configure the System Traps field to generate traps when the AP-5131 re-initializes during
transmission, saves its configuration file. When a trap is enabled, a trap is sent every 5
seconds until the condition no longer exists.
System Cold Start
Generates a trap when the AP-5131 re-initializes while
transmitting, possibly altering the SNMP agent's configuration or
protocol entity implementation.
Configuration
Changes
Generates a trap whenever changes to the AP-5131’s
configuration file are saved.
Rogue AP detection
Generates a trap if a Rogue AP is detected by the AP-5131.
AP Radar detection
Generates a trap if an AP is detected using a form of radar
detection.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP Traps screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
7. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on SNMP Traps screen to the last saved configuration.
8. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.4.4 Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds
Use the SNMP RF Trap Threshold screen as a means to track RF activity and the AP-5131’s radio
and associated MU performance. SNMP RF Traps are sent when RF traffic exceeds defined limits set
in the RF Trap Thresholds field of the SNMP RF Traps screen. Thresholds are displayed for the
AP-5131, WLAN, selected radio and the associated MU.
To configure specific SNMP RF Traps on the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access - > SNMP RF Trap Thresholds from
the AP-5131 menu tree.
System Configuration
2. Configure the RF Trap Thresholds field to define device threshold values for SNMP traps.
NOTE Average Bit Speed,% of Non-Unicast, Average Signal, Average Retries,%
Dropped and % Undecryptable are not AP-5131 statistics.
Pkts/s
Enter a maximum threshold for the total throughput in Pps (Packets
per second).
Throughput
Set a maximum threshold for the total throughput in Mbps
(Megabits per second).
Average Bit Speed
Enter a minimum threshold for the average bit speed in Mbps
(Megabits per second).
% Non-Unicast
Set a maximum threshold for the total percentage of packets that
are non-unicast for each device. Non-unicast packets include
broadcast and multi-cast traffic.
Average Signal
Enter a minimum threshold for the average signal strength in dBm
for each device.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Average Retries
Set a maximum threshold for the average number of retries for
each device.
% Dropped
Enter a maximum threshold for the total percentage of packets
dropped for each device. Dropped packets can be caused by poor
RF signal or interference on the channel.
% Undecryptable
Define a maximum threshold for the total percentage of packets
undecryptable for each device. Undecryptable packets can be the
result of corrupt packets, bad CRC checks or incomplete packets.
Associated MUs
Set a maximum threshold for the total number of MUs associated
with each device.
3. Configure the Minimum Packets field to define a minimum packet throughput value for
trap generation.
Minimum number of Enter the minimum number of packets that must pass through the
packets required for a device before an SNMP rate trap is sent. Symbol recommends
using the default setting of 1000 as a minimum setting for the field.
trap to fire
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP RF Traps screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on SNMP RF Traps screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.5 Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP)
Network Time Protocol (NTP) manages time and/or network clock synchronization in the AP-5131managed network environment. NTP is a client/server implementation. The AP-5131 (an NTP client)
periodically synchronizes its clock with a master clock (an NTP server). For example, the AP-5131
resets its clock to 07:04:59 upon reading a time of 07:04:59 from its designated NTP server.
Time synchronization is recommended for the AP's network operations. For sites using Kerberos
authentication, time synchronization is required.
Use the NTP Servers screen to enable NTP and specify the IP addresses and ports of available NTP
servers.
System Configuration
NOTE The current time is not set accurately when initially connecting to the
AP-5131. Until a server is defined to provide the AP-5131 the correct time,
the AP-5131 displays 1970-01-01 00:00:00 as the default time.
To manage clock synchronization on the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > NTP Servers from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Ensure the Current Time field reflects the appropriate time for the AP-5131.
Time
Displays the current time based on the AP-5131 system clock. If
NTP is disabled or if there are no servers available, the system time
displays the AP-5131 uptime starting at 1970-01-01 00:00:00, with
the time and date advancing. The displayed time auto updates
every 5 seconds.
Refresh
Click the Refresh button to update the displayed date and time.
3. Configure the Server Configuration field to define server network address information
required to acquire the AP-5131 network time.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Enable NTP on
AP-5131
Select the Enable NTP on AP-5131 checkbox to allow a
connection between the AP-5131 and one or more specified NTP
servers.
Disable this option (uncheck the checkbox) if Kerberos is not in use
and time synchronization is not necessary.
Preferred Time Server Specify the numerical (non DNS name) IP address and port of the
primary NTP server. The default port is 123.
First Alternate Time
Server
Optionally, specify the numerical (non DNS name) IP address and
port of an alternative NTP server to use for time synchronization if
the primary NTP server goes down.
Second Alternate
Time Server
Optionally, specify the numerical (non DNS name) and port of yet
another NTP server for the greatest assurance of uninterrupted
time synchronization.
Synchronization
Interval
Define an interval in minutes the AP-5131 uses to synchronize its
system time with the NTP server. A synchronization interval value
from 15 minutes to 65535 minutes can be specified. For
implementations using Kerberos, a synchronization interval of 15
minutes (default interval) or sooner is recommended.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the NTP Servers screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on NTP Servers screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.6 Logging Configuration
The AP-5131 provides the capability for periodically logging system events that prove useful in
assessing the throughput and performance of the AP-5131 or troubleshooting problems on the
AP-5131 managed Local Area Network (LAN). Use the Logging Configuration screen to set the
desired logging level (standard syslog levels) and view or save the current AP-5131 system log.
To configure event logging for the AP-5131:
1. Select System Configuration - > Logging Configuration from the AP-5131 menu tree.
System Configuration
2. Configure the Log Options field to save event logs, set the log level and optionally port the
AP-5131’s log to an external server.
View Log
Click View to save a log of events retained on the AP-5131. The
system displays a prompt requesting the administrator password
before saving the log. After the password has been entered, click
Get File to display a dialogue with buttons to Open or Save the
log.txt file. Click Save and specify a location to save the log file.
Use the WordPad application to view the saved log.txt file on a
Microsoft Windows based computer. Do not view the log file using
Notepad, as the Notepad application does not properly display the
formatting of the AP-5131 log file. Log entries are not saved in the
AP-5131. While the AP is in operation, log data temporarily
resides in memory. AP memory is completely cleared each time the
AP reboots.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Logging Level
Use the Logging Level drop-down menu to select the desired log
level for tracking system events. Eight logging levels, (0 to 7) are
available. Log Level 6: Info is the AP-5131 default log level.
These are the standard UNIX/LINUX syslog levels.The levels are as
follows:
0 - Emergency
1 - Alert
2 - Critical
3 - Errors
4 - Warning
5 - Notice
6 - Info
7 - Debug
Enable logging to an The AP-5131 can log events to an external syslog (system log)
external syslog server server. Select the Enable logging to an external syslog server
checkbox to enable the server to listen for incoming syslog
messages and decode the messages into a log for viewing.
Syslog server IP
address
If the Enable logging to an external syslog server checkbox is
selected, the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of an
external syslog server is required in order to route the syslog events
to that destination.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the Logging Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Logging Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.7 Importing/Exporting Configurations
All of the configuration settings for an AP-5131 can be obtained from another AP-5131 in the form of
a text file. Additionally, all of the AP-5131’s settings can be downloaded to another AP-5131. Use the
file-based configuration feature to speed up the setup process significantly at sites using multiple
AP-5131’s. Another benefit is the opportunity to save the current AP configuration before making
significant changes or restoring the default configuration. All options on the AP-5131 are deleted and
System Configuration
updated by the imported file. Therefore, the imported configuration is not a merge with the
configuration of the target AP-5131. The exported file can be edited with any document editor if
necessary.
!
CAUTION A single-radio model AP-5131 cannot import/export its configuration
to a dual-radio model AP-5131. In turn, a dual-radio model AP-5131
cannot import/export its configuration to a single-radio AP-5131.
Use the Config Import/Export screen to configure an import or export operation for AP-5131
configuration settings.
NOTE Use the System Settings screen as necessary to restore an AP-5131
default configuration. For more information on restoring configurations,
see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
To create an importable/exportable AP-5131 configuration file:
1. Select System Configuration - > Config Import/Export from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Configure the FTP and TFTP Import/Export field to import/export configuration settings.
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Filename
Specify the name of the configuration file to be written to the FTP
or TFTP server.
Server IP
Enter the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the
destination FTP or TFTP server where the configuration file is
imported or exported.
Filepath (optional)
Defines the optional path name used to import/export the target
configuration file.
FTP
Select the FTP radio button if using an FTP server to import or export
the configuration.
TFTP
Select the TFTP radio button if using an FTP server to import or
export the configuration.
Username
Specify a username to be used when logging in to the FTP server. A
username is not required for TFTP server logins.
Password
Define a password allowing access to the FTP server for the import
or export operation.
Import Configuration
Click the Import Configuration button to import the configuration
file from the server with the assigned filename and login
information. The system displays a confirmation window indicating
the administrator must log out of the AP-5131 after the operation
completes for the changes to take effect. Click Yes to continue the
operation. Click No to cancel the configuration file import.
Export Configuration
Click the Export Configuration button to export the configuration
file from the server with the assigned filename and login
information. When the file is exported, all field parameters are
exported, including LAN and WAN IP addresses. The system
displays a confirmation window prompting the administrator to log
out of the AP-5131 after the operation completes for the changes
to take effect. Click Yes to continue the operation. Click No to
cancel the configuration file export.
3. Configure the HTTP Import/Export field to import/export AP-5131 configuration settings
using HTTP.
!
CAUTION For HTTP downloads (exports) to be successful, pop-up messages
must be disabled.
System Configuration
Upload and Apply A
Configuration File
Click the Upload and Apply A Configuration File button to
upload a configuration file to this AP-5131 using HTTP.
Download
Configuration File
Click the Download Configuration File button to download this
AP-5131’s configuration file using HTTP.
4. Refer to the Status field to assess the completion of the import/export operation.
Status
After executing an operation (by clicking any of the buttons in the
window), check the Status field for a progress indicator and
messages about the success or errors in executing the Import/
Export operation. Possible status messages include:
ambiguous input before marker: line <number >
unknown input before marker: line <number>
ignored input after marker: line <number>
additional input required after marker: line <number>
invalid input length: line <number>
error reading input: line <number>
import file from incompatible hardware type: line <number>
[0] Import operation done
[1] Export operation done
[2] Import operation failed
[3] Export operation failed
[4] File transfer in progress
[5] File transfer failed
[6] File transfer done
Auto cfg update: Error in applying config
Auto cfg update: Error in getting config file
Auto cfg update: Aborting due to fw update failure
The <number> value appearing at the end of some messages
relates to the line of the configuration file where an error or
ambiguous input was detected.
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!
CAUTION If errors occur when importing the configuration file, a parsing
message displays defining the line number where the error occurred.
The configuration is still imported, except for the error. Consequently,
it is possible to import an invalid configuration. The user is required to
fix the problem and repeat the import operation until an error-free
import takes place.
5. Click Apply to save the filename and Server IP information. The Apply button does not
execute the import or export operation, only saves the settings entered.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on Config Import/Export screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.8 Updating Device Firmware
Symbol periodically releases updated versions of the AP-5131 device firmware to the Symbol Web
site. If the AP-5131 firmware version displayed on the System Settings page (see Configuring
System Settings on page 4-2) is older than the version on the Web site, Symbol recommends updating
the AP-5131 to the latest firmware version for full feature functionality.
If a firmware update is required, use the Firmware Update screen to specify a filename and define
a file location for updating the firmware.
NOTE The firmware file must be available from an FTP or TFTP site to perform
the update.
!
CAUTION Make sure a copy of the AP-5131’s configuration is saved before
updating the firmware.
To conduct a firmware update on the AP-5131:
1. Export the AP-5131 current configuration settings before updating the firmware to have the
most recent settings available after the firmware is updated.
System Configuration
Refer to Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-30 for instructions on exporting the
AP-5131’s current configuration to have it available after the firmware is updated.
2. Select System Configuration - > Firmware Update from the AP-5131 menu tree.
3. Configure the DHCP Options field to enable automatic firmware and/or configuration file
updates when the selected LAN or WAN interface detects an updated file.
DHCP options are used for out-of-the-box rapid deployment for Symbol wireless products.
The following are the two DHCP options available on the AP-5131:
• Enable Automatic Firmware Update
• Enable Automatic Configuration Update
These options can be used to update newer firmware and configuration files on the AP-5131
through either the LAN or WAN interface. The AP-5131 uses DHCP Vendor Specific Option
43 with the following options embedded within it:
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Option Code
Data Type
AP-5131 TFTP Server Name
181
IP address
AP-5131 Firmware File Name
187
String
AP-5131 Configuration File Name
188
String
The Vendor Class Identifier used is SymbolAP.5131-V1-0
The DHCP Server needs to be configured with the above mentioned vendor specific options
and vendor class identifier. The interface selected (LAN or WAN) on the AP-5131, must be
configured as a DHCP client for the Auto DHCP Update feature to function properly.
Enable Automatic
Firmware Update
Select this checkbox to allow an automatic firmware update each
time firmware versions are found to be different between the
AP-5131 and the specified LAN or WAN interface. This option is
used in conjunction with other DHCP options configured on a DHCP
server.
Symbol recommends selecting the Enable Automatic
Configuration Update checkbox if auto-updating AP-5131
firmware, as backing up the AP-5131 configuration is always
recommended before updating device firmware. If this function is
disabled, the firmware update is required to be done manually. If
this option is enabled, the AP-5131 initiates an update any time the
AP-5131 reboots. If the files located on the DHCP server are
different from the existing files on the AP-5131, the files are
updated. The default setting is enabled on the AP-5131 WAN port.
Enable Automatic
Select this checkbox to allow an automatic configuration file
Configuration Update update each time the configuration file versions are found to be
different between the AP-5131 and the selected LAN or WAN
interface. If this function is disabled, the configuration file update
is required to be done manually. If this function is disabled, the
firmware update is required to be done manually. If this option is
enabled, the AP-5131 initiates an update any time the AP-5131
reboots. If the files located on the DHCP server are different from
the existing files on the AP-5131, the files are updated. The default
setting is enabled on the AP-5131 WAN port.
System Configuration
Interface
Use the Interface drop-down menu to select the WAN or LAN
interface to be monitored by the AP-5131 for version updates if the
Enable Automatic Firmware Update and/or Enable
Automatic Configuration Update checkboxes are selected.
Configure the Update Firmware field as required to set a filename and target firmware file
upload location for manual firmware updates.
4. Specify the name of the target firmware file within the Filename field.
5. If the target firmware file resides within a directory, specify a complete path for the file
within the Filepath(optional) field.
6. Enter an IP address for the FTP or TFTP server used for the update. Only numerical IP address
names are supported, no DNS can be used.
7. Use the drop-down menu to specify the FTP or TFTP server's location. The server can reside
on the WAN or on the LAN.
8. Select either the FTP or TFTP button to define whether the firmware file resides on a FTP or
TFTP server.
9. Set the following FTP or TFTP parameters:
•Username - Specify a username for the FTP server login.
•Password - Specify a password for FTP server login. Default is symbol.
NOTE Click Apply to save the settings before performing the firmware update.
The user is not able to navigate the AP-5131 user interface while the
firmware update is in process.
10. Click the Perform Update button to initiate the update. Upon confirming the firmware
update, the AP reboots and completes the update.
11. After the AP reboots, return to the Firmware Update screen. Check the Status field to verify
whether the firmware update was successful. If an error occurs, one of the following error
messages will display:
FAIL: auto fw update check
FAIL: network activity time out
FAIL: firmware check
FAIL: exceed memory limit
FAIL: authentication
FAIL: connection time out
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FAIL: control channel error
FAIL: data channel error
FAIL: channel closed unexpected
FAIL: establish data channel
FAIL: accept data channel
FAIL: user interrupted
FAIL: no valid interface found
FAIL: conflict ip address
FAIL: command exchange time out
FAIL: invalid subnet number
12. Confirm the AP-5131’s configuration is the same as before the firmware update. If they are
not, restore the settings. Refer to Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-30 for
instructions on exporting the configuration back to the AP-5131.
13. Click Apply to save the filename and filepath information entered into the Firmware Update
screen. The Apply button does not execute the firmware, only saves the update settings
entered.
14. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on Firmware Update screen to the last saved configuration.
15. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
Network Management
Configuring network management includes configuring network aspects in numerous areas. See
the following sections for more information on AP-5131 network management:
•
•
•
•
Configuring the LAN Interface
Configuring WAN Settings
Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs)
Configuring Router Settings
5.1 Configuring the LAN Interface
The AP-5131 has one LAN port and thus must manage all data traffic over the LAN connection
carefully as either a DHCP client, BOOTP client, DHCP server or using neither DHCP or BOOTP.
The AP-5131 LAN port has its own MAC address. The LAN port MAC address is always the value
of the AP-5131 WAN port MAC address plus 1. The LAN and WAN port MAC addresses can be
located within the LAN and WAN Stats screens. For information on locating the AP-5131 MAC
addresses, see Viewing WAN Statistics on page 7-2 and Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-5.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The AP-5131 can use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to obtain a leased IP address and
configuration information from a remote server. DHCP is based on the BOOTP protocol and can coexist
or interoperate with BOOTP.
Use the LAN Configuration screen to define the LAN interface and assign a timeout value to disable
the LAN connection if no data traffic is detected within a defined interval. The LAN Configuration
screen is also used to define advanced DHCP server settings to generate a list of static MAC to IP
mappings for reserved clients and optionally configure VLAN mappings to individual WLANs (up to
16 WLANs available per AP-5131. The LAN Configuration screen also contains a Type Filter
submenu item used to prevent specific (an potentially unneccesary) frames from being processed by
the AP-5131 in order to improve throughput.
To configure the AP-5131 LAN interface:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN Configuration from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Configure the LAN Setting field to enable the AP-5131 LAN interface, assign a timeout
value, enable 802.1q trunking, configure VLAN mapping and enable 802.1x authentication.
Enable LAN Interface Select the checkbox to forward data traffic over the AP-5131 LAN
connection. The LAN connection is enabled by default.
Network Management
LAN Timeout
Enable 802.1q
Trunking
Use the LAN Timeout drop-down menu to specify whether the
LAN timeout is Disabled, Enabled or uses a Hardware Detect
option to detect traffic over the LAN port. Using Hardware Detect,
if a LAN cable becomes disconnected from the AP-5131, MUs
disassociate and the AP-5131 radio(s) power off. If enabled is
selected, enter a value (in seconds). The AP-5131 uses this
timeout value when no traffic is detected over the LAN connection.
If no data is transmitted or received over the LAN connection for
the defined interval, the LAN connection is terminated and MUs
disassociate with the AP-5131. Eventually, the AP-5131 radio(s)
power off. Default is 30 seconds.
Select the Enable 802.1q Trunking checkbox to enable the
AP-5131 to conduct VLAN tagging. If selected, click the VLAN
Config button to configure mappings between individual WLANs
and VLANs. If enabled, the AP-5131 is required to be connected to
a trunked port.
VLAN Name
Click the VLAN Name button to launch the VLAN Name screen
to create VLANs and assign them VLAN IDs. For more information,
see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
VLAN Config
Click the VLAN Config button to launch the VLAN Configuration
screen to map WLANs to VLANs (up to 16 mappings are possible
per AP-5131). For more information, see Configuring VLAN Support
on page 5-5.
802.1x Port
Authentication
The AP-5131 only supports 802.1x authentication over its LAN
port. The AP-5131 behaves as an 802.1x supplicant to
authenticate to a server on the network. If using 802.1x
authentication, enter the authentication server user name and
password. The default password is “symbol.” For information on
enabling and configuring authentication schemes on the AP-5131,
see Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes on page 6-5.
3. Configure the DHCP field to define the type of LAN interface used.
NOTE Symbol recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
This interface is a
DHCP Client
Select this button to enable DHCP to set AP-5131 network address
information via the LAN connection. This is recommended if the
AP-5131 resides within a large corporate network or the Internet
Service Provider (ISP) uses DHCP.
DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP address
allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters
from a DHCP server to a host. If DHCP Client is selected, the first
DHCP or BOOTP server to respond sets the IP address and network
address values since DHCP and BOOTP are interoperable.
This interface is a
BOOTP Client
Select this button to enable BOOTP to set AP-5131 network
address information via the LAN connection.
When selected, only BOOTP responses are accepted by the
AP-5131. If both DHCP and BOOTP services are required, do not
select BOOTP Client.
This interface uses
static IP Address
Select the This interface uses static IP Address button, and
manually enter static network address information in the areas
provided.
This interface is a
DHCP Server
The AP-5131 can be configured to function as a DHCP server over
the LAN connection. Select the This interface is a DHCP Server
button and manually enter static network address information in
the areas provided.
Address Assignment
Range
Use the address assignment parameter to specify a range of
numerical (non DNS name) IP addresses reserved for mapping
client MAC addresses to IP addresses. If a manually (static)
mapped IP address is within the IP address range specified, that IP
address could still be assigned to another client. To avoid this,
ensure all statically mapped IP addresses are outside of the IP
address range assigned to the DHCP server.
Advanced DHCP
Server
Click the Advanced DHCP Server button to display a screen used
for generating a list of static MAC to IP address mappings for
reserved clients. For more information, see Configuring Advanced
DHCP Server Settings on page 5-10.
IP Address
The network-assigned numerical (non DNS name) IP address of
the AP-5131.
Network Management
Network Mask
The first two sets of numbers specify the network domain, the next
set specifies the subset of hosts within a larger network. These
values help divide a network into subnetworks and simplify routing
and data transmission. The subnet mask defines the size of the
subnet.
Default Gateway
The Default Gateway parameter defines the numerical (non
DNS name) IP address of a router the AP-5131 uses on the
Ethernet as its default gateway.
Domain Name
Enter the name assigned to the primary DNS server.
Primary DNS Server
Enter the Primary DNS numerical (non DNS name) IP address.
Secondary DNS
Server
Symbol recommends entering the numerical IP address of an
additional DNS server (if available), used if the primary DNS server
goes down. A maximum of two DNS servers can be used.
WINS Server
Enter the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the WINS
server. WINS is a Microsoft NetBIOS name server. Using a WINS
server eliminates the broadcasts needed to resolve computer
names to IP addresses by providing a cache or database of
translations.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the LAN Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the LAN configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
5.1.1 Configuring VLAN Support
A Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) is a means to electronically separate data on the same AP-5131
from a single broadcast domain into separate broadcast domains. The AP-5131 can group devices on
one or more WLANs so that they can communicate as if they were attached to the same wire, when
in fact they are located on a different LAN segment. Because VLANs are based on logical instead of
physical connections, they are extremely flexible. By using a VLAN, you can group by logical function
instead of physical location. A maximum of 16 VLANs can be supported on the AP-5131 (regardless
of the AP-5131 being single or dual-radio model). An administrator can map 16 WLANs to 16 VLANs
and enable or disable dynamic VLAN assignment.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
VLANs enable organizations to share network resources in various network segments within large
areas (airports, shopping malls, etc.). A VLAN is a group of clients with a common set of requirements
independent of their physical location. VLANs have the same attributes as physical LANs, but they
enable system administrators to group MUs even when they are not members of the same network
segment.
The AP-5131 assignment of VLANs can be implemented using Static or Dynamic assignments (often
referred to as memberships) for individual WLANs. Both methods have their advantages and
disadvantages. Static VLAN membership is perhaps the most widely used method because of the
relatively small administration overhead and security it provides. With Static VLANs, you manually
assign individual WLANs to individual VLANs.
Although static VLANs are the most common form of VLAN assignments, dynamic VLAN assignment
is possible per WLAN. Configuring dynamic VLANs entail the AP-5131 sending a DHCP request for
device information (such as an IP address). Additional information (such as device MAC address
information) is sent to the AP-5131. The AP-5131 sends this MAC address to a host housing a copy
of the Dynamic VLAN database. This database houses the records of MAC addresses and VLAN
assignments. The VLAN database looks up the MAC to determine what VLAN is assigned to it. If it is
not in the database, it simply uses a default VLAN assignment. The VLAN assignment is sent to the
AP-5131. The AP-5131 then maps the target WLAN for the assigned VLAN and traffic passes
normally, allowing for the completion of the DHCP request and further traffic.
To create new VLANs or edit the properties of an existing VLAN:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Ensure the Enable 802.1q Trunking button is selected from within the LAN Setting field.
Trunk links are required to pass VLAN information between destinations. A trunk port is by
default a member of all the VLANs existing on the AP-5131 and carry traffic for all those
VLANs. Trunking is a function that must be enabled on both sides of a link.
3. Select the VLAN Name button.
Network Management
The VLAN name screen displays. The first time the screen is launched a default VLAN name
of 1 and a default VLAN ID of 1 display. The VLAN name is auto-generated once the user
assigns a VLAN ID. However, the user has the option of re-assigning a name to the VLAN
using New VLAN and Edit VLAN screens.
To create a new VLAN, click the Create button, to edit the properties of an existing VLAN,
click the Edit button.
4. Assign a unique VLAN ID (from 1 to 4095) to each VLAN added or modified.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The VLAN ID associates a frame with a specific VLAN and provides the information the
AP-5131 needs to process the frame across the network. Therefore, it may be practical to
assign a name to a VLAN representative or the area or type of network traffic it represents.
A business may have offices in different locations and want to extend an internal LAN
between the locations. An AP-5131 managed infrastructure could provide this connectivity,
but it requires VLAN numbering be managed carefully to avoid conflicts between two VLANs
with the same ID.
5. Define a 32 ASCII character maximum VLAN Name.
Enter a unique name that identifies members of the VLAN. Symbol recommends selecting
the name carefully, as the VLAN name should signify a group of clients with a common set
of requirements independent of their physical location.
6. Click Apply to save the changes to the new or modified VLAN and return to the VLAN Name
screen.
7. Click the VLAN Config button.
The VLAN Configuration screen displays.
8. Enter a Management VLAN Tag.
Network Management
The Management VLAN uses a default tag value of 1. The Management VLAN is used to
distinguish VLAN traffic flows. The trunk port marks the frames with special tags as they
pass between the AP-5131 and its destination, these tags help distinguish data traffic.
Authentication servers (such as Radius and Kerberos) must be on the same Management
VLAN. Additionally, DHCP and BOOTP servers must be on the same Management VLAN as
well.
9. Define a Native VLAN Tag.
A trunk port configured with 802.1Q tagging can receive both tagged and untagged traffic.
By default, the AP-5131 forwards untagged traffic with the native VLAN configured for the
port. The Native VLAN is VLAN 1 by default. Symbol suggests leaving the Native VLAN set
to 1 as other layer 2 devices also have their Native VLAN set to 1.
10. Use the checkboxes under the name of each VLAN to map specific VLANs to AP-5131
WLANs listed on the left-hand side of the screen.
Symbol recommends mapping VLANs strategically in order to keep VLANs tied to the
discipline they most closely match. For example, If WLAN2 is comprised of MUs supporting
the engineering area, then WLAN2 should be mapped to the engineering VLAN if one has
been created.
11. Select the Dynamic checkbox to configure the VLAN mapping as a dynamic VLAN.
Using Dynamic VLAN assignments, a VMPS (VLAN Management Policy Server) dynamically
assigns VLAN ports. The AP-5131 uses a separate server as a VMPS server. When a frame
arrives on the AP-5131, it queries the VMPS for the VLAN assignment based on the source
MAC address of the arriving frame.
If statically mapping VLANs, leave the Dynamic checkbox specific to the target WLAN and
its intended VLAN unselected. The administrator is then required to configure VLAN
memberships manually.
The Dynamic checkbox is enabled only when a WLAN is having EAP security configured.
Otherwise, the checkbox is disabled.
12. Click Apply to return to the VLAN Name screen. Click OK to return to the LAN screen. Once
at the LAN screen, click Apply to re-apply your changes.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
5.1.2 Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings
Use the Advanced DHCP Server screen to specify (reserve) static (or fixed) IP addresses for specific
devices. Every wireless, 802.11x-standard device has a unique Media Access Control (MAC) address.
This address is the device's hard-coded hardware number (shown on the bottom or back). An example
of a MAC address is 00:A0:F8:45:9B:07.
The DHCP server can grant an IP address for as long as it remains in active use. The lease time is the
number of seconds that an IP address is reserved for re-connection after its last use. Using very short
leases, DHCP can dynamically reconfigure networks in which there are more computers than
available IP addresses. This is useful, for example, in education and customer environments where
MU users change frequently. Use longer leases if there are fewer users.
To generate a list of client MAC address to IP address mappings for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN Configuration from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Click the Advanced DHCP Server button from within the LAN Configuration screen.
3. Specify a lease period in seconds for available IP addresses using the DHCP Lease Time
(Seconds) parameter. An IP address is reserved for re-connection for the length of time you
specify. The default interval is 86400 seconds.
4. Click the Add button to create a new table entry within the Reserved Clients field.
Network Management
If a statically mapped IP address is within the IP address range in use by the DHCP server,
that IP address may still be assigned to another client. To avoid this, ensure all statically
mapped IP addresses are outside of the IP address range assigned to the DHCP server.
If multiple entries exist within the Reserved Clients field, use the scroll bar to the right of
the window to navigate.
5. Click the Del (delete) button to remove a selected table entry.
6. Click OK to return to the LAN Configuration page, where the updated settings within the
Advanced DHCP Server screen can be saved by clicking the Apply button.
7. Click Cancel to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the settings displayed to
the last saved configuration.
5.1.3 Setting the Type Filter Configuration
The AP-5131 can keep a list of frame types that it forwards or discards. The Type Filtering feature
prevents specific (a potentially unneccesary) frames from being processed by the AP-5131 in order to
improve throughput. These include certain broadcast frames from devices that consume bandwidth,
but are unnecessary to AP-5131 operations.
Use the Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen to build a list of filter types and configure them
as either allowed or denied for use with the AP-5131.
To configure type filtering on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN -> Type Filter from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen displays. No Ethernet types are displayed
by default when the screen is first launched.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Use the all ethernet types, except drop-down menu to designate whether the Ethernet
Types defined within this screen are allowed or denied for use by the AP-5131.
3. To add an Ethernet type, click the Add button.
The Add Ethernet Type screen displays. Use this screen to add one type filter option at a
time, for a list of up to 16 entries.
Packet types supported for the type filtering function include 16-bit DIX Ethernet types as
well as Symbol proprietary types. Select an Ethernet type from the drop down menu, or enter
the Ethernet type’s hexadecimal value. Consult with your System Administrator if unsure of
the implication of adding or omitting a type from the list.
Network Management
4. To optionally delete a type filtering selection from the list, highlight the packet type and click
the Delete button.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen. Navigating
away from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Cancel to securely exit the Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen without saving
your changes.
7. Click Logout within the Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen to securely exit the
AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the logout before the
applet is closed.
5.2 Configuring WAN Settings
A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a widely dispersed telecommunications network. The AP-5131
includes one WAN port. The AP-5131 WAN port has its own MAC address. In a corporate
environment, the WAN port might connect to a larger corporate network. For a small business, the
WAN port might connect to a DSL or cable modem to access the Internet.
Use the WAN screen to set the WAN IP configuration and Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
(PPPoE) parameters.
To configure WAN settings for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN from the AP-5131 menu tree.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Refer to the WAN IP Configuration field to enable the WAN interface, and set network
address information for the WAN connection.
NOTE Symbol recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
Enable WAN Interface Select the Enable WAN Interface checkbox to enable a
connection between the AP-5131 and a larger network or outside
world through the WAN port.
Disable this option to effectively isolate the AP-5131’s WAN. No
connections to a larger network or the Internet are possible. MUs
cannot communicate beyond the LAN.
Network Management
This interface is a
DHCP Client
This checkbox enables DHCP for the AP-5131 WAN connection.
This is useful, if the larger corporate network or Internet Service
Provider (ISP) uses DHCP.
DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP address
allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters
from a DHCP server to a host. Some of these parameters are IP
address, network mask, and gateway.
If DHCP client mode is enabled, the other WAN IP configuration
parameters are grayed out.
IP Address
Specify a numerical (non DNS name) IP address for the
AP-5131’s WAN connection. This address defines the AP's
presence on a larger network or on the Internet.
Obtain a static (dedicated) IP address from the ISP or network
administrator. An IP address uses a series of four numbers
expressed in dot notation, for example, 190.188.12.1.
Subnet Mask
Specify a subnet mask for the AP-5131’s WAN connection. This
number is available from the ISP for a DSL or cable-modem
connection, or from an administrator if the AP-5131 connects to a
larger network.
A subnet mask uses a series of four numbers expressed in dot
notation (similar to an IP address). For example, 255.255.255.0 is a
valid subnet mask.
Default Gateway
Specify the gateway address for the AP-5131’s WAN connection.
The ISP or a network administrator provides this address.
Primary DNS Server
Specify the address of a primary Domain Name System (DNS)
server. The ISP or a network administrator provides this address.
A DNS server translates a domain name (for example,
www.symboltech.com) into an IP address that networks can use.
Secondary DNS
Server
Specify the address of a secondary DNS server if one is used. A
secondary address is recommended if the primary DNS server goes
down.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
More IP Addresses
Click the More IP Addresses button to specify additional static IP
addresses for the AP-5131. Additional IP addresses are required
when users within the WAN need dedicated IP addresses, or when
servers need to be accessed (addressed) by the outside world. The
More IP Addresses screen allows the administrator to enter up to
eight WAN IP addresses for the AP-5131 WAN. Only numeric, nonDNS names can be used.
Refresh
Click the Refresh button to update the network address
information displayed within the WAN IP Configuration field.
3. Configure the PPP over Ethernet field to enable high speed dial-up connections to the
AP-5131 WAN port.
Enable
Use the checkbox to enable Point-to-Point over Ethernet (PPPoE) for
a high-speed connection that supports this protocol. Most DSL
providers are currently using or deploying this protocol.
PPPoE is a data-link protocol for dialup connections. PPPoE allows
a host PC to use a broadband modem (DSL) for access to highspeed data networks.
Username
Specify a username entered when connecting to the ISP. When the
Internet session begins, the ISP authenticates the username.
Password
Specify a password entered when connecting to the ISP. When the
Internet session starts, the ISP authenticates the password.
Network Management
PPPoE State
Displays the current connection state of the PPPoE client. When a
PPPoE connection is established, the status displays Connected.
When no PPPoE connection is active, the status displays
Disconnected.
Keep-Alive
Select the Keep-Alive checkbox to maintain the AP-5131 WAN
connection indefinitely (no timeout interval). Some ISPs terminate
inactive connections. Enabling Keep-Alive keeps the AP-5131
WAN connection active, even when there is no traffic. If the ISP
drops the connection after an idle period, the AP-5131
automatically re-establishes the connection to the ISP. Enabling
Keep-Alive mode disables (grays out) the Idle Time field.
Idle Time (seconds)
Specify an idle time in seconds to limit how long the AP-5131’s
WAN connection remains active after outbound and inbound traffic
is not detected. The Idle Time field is grayed out if Keep-Alive is
enabled.
Authentication Type
Use the Authentication Type menu to specify the authentication
protocol(s) for the WAN connection. Choices include None, PAP or
CHAP, PAP, or CHAP.
Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) and Challenge Handshake
Authentication Protocol (CHAP) are competing identify-verification
methods.
PAP sends a username and password over a network to a server
that compares the username and password to a table of authorized
users. If the username and password are matched in the table,
server access is authorized. WatchGuard products do not support
the PAP protocol because the username and password are sent as
clear text that a hacker can read.
CHAP uses secret information and mathematical algorithms to
send a derived numeric value for login. The login server knows the
secret information and performs the same mathematical
operations to derive a numeric value. If the results match, server
access is authorized. After login, one of the numbers in the
mathematical operation is changed to secure the connection. This
prevents any intruder from trying to copy a valid authentication
session and replaying it later to log in.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the WAN screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
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5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the WAN screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
5.2.1 Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings
Network Address Translation (NAT) converts an IP address in one network to a different IP address or
set of IP addresses in another network. The AP-5131 router maps its local (inside) network addresses
to WAN (outside) IP addresses, and translates the WAN IP addresses on incoming packets to local IP
addresses. NAT is useful because it allows the authentication of incoming and outgoing requests, and
minimizes the number of WAN IP addresses needed when a range of local IP addresses is mapped to
each WAN IP address. NAT can be applied in one of two ways:
•
One-to-one mapping with a private side IP address
The private side IP address can belong to any of the private side subnets.
•
One-to-many mapping with a configurable range of private side IP addresses
Ranges can be specified from each of the private side subnets.
Use the NAT screen to configure IP address mappings. To configure IP address mappings for the
AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> NAT from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Network Management
2. Configure the Address Mapping field to generate a WAN IP address, define the NAT type
and set outbound/inbound NAT mappings.
WAN IP Address
The WAN IP addresses on the NAT screen are dynamically
generated from address settings applied on the WAN screen.
NAT Type
Specify the NAT Type as 1 to 1 to map a WAN IP address to a single
host (local) IP address. 1 to 1 mapping is useful when users need
dedicated addresses, and for public-facing servers connected to
the AP-5131.
Set the NAT Type as 1 to Many to map a WAN IP address to
multiple local IP addresses. This displays the 1 to Many Mappings
button in the adjacent Outbound Mappings field. This button
displays a screen for mapping the LAN IP addresses that are
associated with each subnet.
Define the NAT Type as none when routable IP addresses are used
on the internal network.
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Outbound Mappings
When 1 to 1 NAT is selected, a single IP address can be entered in
the Outbound Mappings area. This address provides a 1 to 1
mapping of the WAN IP address to the specified LAN IP address.
When 1 to Many is selected, the Outbound Mappings area
displays LAN. If none is selected, The Outbound Mappings area is
blank.
Inbound Mappings
When 1 to 1 or 1 to Many is selected, the Inbound Mappings
option displays a Port Forwarding button.
Port Forwarding
Click the Port Forwarding button to display a screen of port
forwarding parameters for inbound traffic from the associated
WAN IP address. for information on configuring port forwarding,
see Configuring Port Forwarding on page 5-20.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the NAT, 1 to Many Mappings and Port Forwarding
screens. Navigating away from the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all
changes to the screens being lost.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the NAT screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
5.2.1.1 Configuring Port Forwarding
Use the Port Forwarding screen to configure port forwarding parameters for inbound traffic from
the associated WAN IP address.
To configure port forwarding for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> NAT from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Click on the Port Forwarding button within the Inbound Mappings area.
Network Management
3. Configure the Port Forwarding screen to modify the following:
Add
Click Add to create a local map that includes the name, transport
protocol, start port, end port, and IP address for incoming packets.
Delete
Click Delete to remove a selected local map entry.
Name
Enter a name for the service being forwarded. The name can be any
alphanumeric string and is used for identification of the service.
Transport
Use the Transport pull-down menu to specify the transport
protocol used in this service. The choices are ALL, TCP, UDP, ICMP,
AH, ESP, and GRE.
Start Port and End Port Enter the port or ports used by the port forwarding service. To
specify a single port, enter the port number in the Start Port area.
To specify a range of ports, use both the Start Port and End Port
options to enter the port numbers. For example, enter 110 in the
Start Port field and 115 in the End Port field.
IP Address
Enter the numerical (non DNS name) IP address to which the
specified service is forwarded. This address must be within the
specified NAT range for the associated WAN IP address.
Translation Port
Specify the port number used to translate data for the service being
forwarded.
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Forward all
unspecified ports to
Use the Forward all unspecified ports to checkbox to enable
port forwarding for incoming packets with unspecified ports. In the
adjacent area, enter a target forwarding IP address for incoming
packets. This number must be within the specified NAT range for
the associated WAN IP address.
4. Click Ok to return to the NAT screen. Within the NAT screen, click Apply to save any
changes made on the Port Forwarding screen.
5. Click Cancel to undo any changes made on Port Forwarding screen. This reverts all settings
for the Port Forwarding screen to the last saved configuration.
5.3 Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs)
A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a data-communications system that flexibly extends the
functionalities of a wired LAN. A WLAN does not require lining up devices for line-of-sight
transmission, and are thus, desirable. Within the WLAN, roaming users can be handed off from one
AP-5131 to another like a cellular phone system. WLANs can therefore be configured around the
needs of specific groups of users, even when they are not in physical proximity.
Use the AP-5131’s Wireless Configuration screen to create new WLANs, edit the properties of
existing WLANs or delete a WLAN to create space for a new WLAN. Sixteen WLANs are available
on the AP-5131 (regardless of single or dual-radio model).
To configure WLANs on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Network Management
If a WLAN is defined, that WLAN displays within the Wireless Configuration screen. When
the AP-5131 is first booted, WLAN1 exists as a default WLAN available immediately for
connection.
2. Refer to the information within the Wireless Configuration screen to view the name, ESSID,
AP-5131 radio designation, VLAN ID and security policy of existing WLANs.
WLAN Name
The Name field displays the name of each WLAN that has been
defined. The WLAN names can be modified within individual
WLAN configuration screens. See Creating/Editing Individual
WLANs on page 5-24 to change the name of a WLAN.
ESSID
Displays the Extended Services Set Identification (ESSID)
associated with each WLAN. The ESSID can be modified within
individual WLAN configuration screens. See Creating/Editing
Individual WLANs on page 5-24 to change the ESSID of a specific
WLAN.
Radio
The Radio field displays the name of the AP-5131 radio the WLAN
is mapped to (either the 802.11a radio or the 802.11b/g radio). To
change the radio designation for a specific WLAN, see Creating/
Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
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VLAN
The VLAN field displays the specific VLAN the target WLAN is
mapped to. For information on VLAN configuration for the WLAN,
see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
Security Policy
The Security Policy field displays the security profile configured
for the target WLAN. For information on configuring security for a
WLAN, see Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes on
page 6-5.
QoS Policy
The QoS Policy field displays the quality of service currently
defined for the WLAN. This policy outlines which data types
receive priority for the user base comprising the WLAN. For
information on QoS configuration for the WLAN, see Setting the
WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
3. Click the Create button (if necessary) to launch the New WLAN screen. Use the New
WLAN screen to define the properties of a new WLAN that would display and be selectable
within the Wireless Configuration screen. For additional information, see Creating/Editing
Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
4. Click the Edit button (if necessary) to launch the Edit WLAN screen. Use the Edit WLAN
screen to revise the properties of an existing WLAN that would continue display and be
selectable within the Wireless Configuration screen. For additional information, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
5. Consider using the Delete button to remove an existing WLAN if it has become outdated
and is no longer required or if you are coming close the maximum 16 WLANs available per
AP-5131.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
5.3.1 Creating/Editing Individual WLANs
If the WLANs displayed within the Wireless Configuration screen do not satisfy your network
requirements, you can either create a new WLAN or edit the properties of an existing WLAN.
NOTE Before editing the properties of an existing WLAN, ensure it is not being
used by an AP-5131 radio, or is a WLAN that is needed in its current
configuration. Once updated, the previous configuration is not available
unless saved.
Network Management
Use the New WLAN and Edit WLAN screens as required to create/modify a WLAN. To create a new
WLAN or edit the properties of an existing WLAN:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Wireless Configuration screen displays.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new WLAN, or highlight a WLAN and click the Edit
button to modify an existing WLAN.
Either the New WLAN or Edit WLAN screen displays.
3. Set the parameters in the Configuration field as required for the WLAN.
ESSID
Enter the Extended Services Set Identification (ESSID) associated
with the WLAN. The WLAN name is auto-generated using the
ESSID until changed by the user. The maximum number of
characters that can be used for the ESSID is 32.
Name
Define or revise the name for the WLAN. The name should be
logical representation of WLAN coverage area (engineering,
marketing etc.). The maximum number of characters that can be
used for the name is 31.
Available On
Use the Available On checkboxes to define which AP-5131 radio
(802.11a or 802.11b/g) the target WLAN will reside.
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Max MUs
Use the Max MUs field to define the number of MUs permitted to
interoperate within the new or revised WLAN. The maximum (and
default) is 127. Select a number that is appropriate with the
intended radio traffic of that WLAN’s radio coverage area.
NOTE If 802.11a is selected as the radio used for the WLAN, the WLAN cannot
use a Kerberos supported security policy.
4. Configure the Security field as required to set the data protection requirements for the
WLAN.
Security Policy
Use the scroll down Security Policies menu to select the security
scheme best suited for the new or revised WLAN. Click the Create
button to jump to the New Security Policy screen where a new
policy can be created to suit the needs of the WLAN. For more
information, see Configuring WLAN Security Policies on page
5-27.
MU Access Control
Select an ACL policy suiting the WLAN‘s MU introperability
requirements from the drop-down menu. If the existing ACL
policies do not satisfy the requirements of the WLAN, a new ACL
policy can be created by pressing the Create button. For more
information, see Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL) on
page 5-29.
Kerberos User Name
Displays the read-only Kerboros User Name used to associate the
wireless client. This value is the ESSID of the AP-5131.
Kerberos Password
Enter a Kerberos password if Kerberos has been selected as the
security scheme from within the Security Policies field. The field
is grayed out if Kerberos has not been selected for the WLAN. For
information on configuring Kerberos, see Configuring Kerberos
Authentication on page 6-9.
5. Configure the Advanced field as required to set MU interoperability permissions, secure
beacon transmissions, broadcast ESSID acceptance and Quality of Service (QoS) policies.
Network Management
Disallow MU to MU
Communication
The AP-5131’s MU-MU Disallow feature prohibits MUs from
communicating with each other even if they are on different
WLANs, assuming one of the WLAN’s is configured to disallow
MU-MU communication. Therefore, if an MU’s WLAN is configured
for MU-MU disallow, it will not be able to communicate with any
other MUs connected to this AP-5131.
Use Secure Beacon
Select the Use Secure Beacon checkbox to not transmit the AP5131’s ESSID. If a hacker tries to find an ESSID via an MU, the AP5131’s ESSID does not display since the ESSID is not in the beacon.
Symbol recommends keeping the option enabled to reduce the
likelihood of hacking into the WLAN.
Accept Broadcast
ESSID
Select the Accept Broadcast ESSID checkbox to associate an
MU that has a blank ESSID (regardless of which ESSID the AP-5131
is currently using). Sites with heightened security requirements
may want to leave the checkbox unselected and configure each MU
with an ESSID. The default is unselected, thus not allowing the
acceptance of broadcast ESSIDs.
Quality of Service
Policy
If QoS policies are undefined (none), select the Create button to
launch the New QoS Policy screen. Use this screen to create a
QoS policy, wherein data traffic for the new or revised WLAN can
be prioritized to best suit the MU transmissions within that WLAN.
For more information, see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service
(QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the WLAN screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
7. Click Cancel to securely exit the New WLAN or Edit WLAN screen and return to the
Wireless Configuration screen.
5.3.1.1 Configuring WLAN Security Policies
As WLANs are being defined for an AP-5131, a security policy can be created or an existing policy
edited (using the Create or Edit buttons within the Security Configuration screen) to best serve the
security requirements of the WLAN. Once new policies are defined, they are available within the
New WLAN or Edit WLAN screens and can be mapped to any WLAN. A single security policy can
be used by more than one WLAN if its logical to do so. For example, there may be two or more WLANs
within close proximity of each other requiring the same data protection scheme.
To create a new security policy or modify an existing policy:
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1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Security Configuration screen appears with existing policies and their attributes
displayed.
NOTE When the AP-5131 is first launched, a single security policy (default) is
available and mapped to WLAN 1. It is anticipated numerous additional
security policies will be created as the list of WLANs grows.
Configuring a WLAN security scheme with a discussion of all the authentication and
encryption options available is beyond the scope of this chapter. Chapter 6 of the AP-5131
Product Reference Guide is dedicated to configuring AP-5131 security. For detailed
information on the authentication and encryption options available to the AP-5131 and how
to configure them, see to Configuring Security Options on page 6-2 and locate the section
that describes your intended security scheme.
2. Click Logout to exit the Security Configuration screen.
Network Management
5.3.1.2 Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL)
An Access Control Lists (ACL) affords a system administrator the ability to grant or restrict MU access
by specifying a MU MAC address or range of MAC addresses to either include or exclude from
AP-5131 connectivity. Use the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen to create
new ACL policies (using the New MU ACL Policy sub-screen) or edit existing policies (using the
Edit MU ACL Policy sub-screen). Once new policies are defined, they are available for use within
the New WLAN or Edit WLAN screens to assign to specific WLANs based on MU interoperability
requirements.
Symbol recommends using the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screens strategically to
name and configure ACL policies meeting the requirements of the particular WLANs they may map
to. However, be careful not to name policies after specific WLANs, as individual ACL policies can be
used by more than one WLAN. For detailed information on assigning ACL policies to specific WLANs,
see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
To create or edit ACL policies for WLANs:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> MU ACL from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen displays with existing ACL
policies and their current WLAN (if mapped to a WLAN).
NOTE When the AP-5131 is first launched, a single ACL policy (default) is
available and mapped to WLAN 1. It is anticipated numerous additional
ACL policies will be created as the list of WLANs grows.
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2. Click the Create button to configure a new ACL policy, or select a policy and click the Edit
button to modify an existing ACL policy. The AP-5131 supports a maximum of 16 MU ACL
policies.
Network Management
Either the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screens display.
3. Assign a name to the new or edited ACL policy that represents an inclusion or exclusion
policy specific to a particular type of MU traffic you may want to use with a single or group
of WLANs. More than one WLAN can use the same ACL policy.
4. Configure the parameters within the Mobile Unit Access Control List field to allow or
deny MU access to the AP-5131.
The MU adoption list identifies MUs by their MAC address. The MAC address is the MU's
unique Media Access Control number printed on the device (for example, 00:09:5B:45:9B:07)
by the manufacturer. A maximum of 200 MU MAC addresses can be added to the New/Edit
MU ACL Policy screen.
Access for the listed
Mobile Units
Use the drop-down list to select Allow or Deny. This rule applies
to the MUs listed in the table. For example, if the adoption rule is
to Allow, access is granted for all MUs except those listed in the
table.
Add
Click the Add button to create a new entry using only the Start
MAC column to specify a MAC address, or uses both the Start
MAC and End MAC columns to specify a range of MAC addresses.
Delete
Click the Delete button to remove a selected list entry.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screen
and return to the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Cancel to securely exit the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screen and
return to the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen.
7. Click Logout within the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen to securely
exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the logout
before the applet is closed.
5.3.1.3 Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy
The AP-5131 can keep a list of QoS policies that can be used from the New WLAN or Edit WLAN
screens to map to individual WLANs. Use the Quality of Service Configuration screen to configure
WMM policies that can improve the user experience for audio, video and voice applications by
shortening the time between packet transmissions for higher priority (multimedia) traffic.
Use the Quality of Service Configuration screen to define the QoS policies for advanced network
traffic management and multimedia applications support. If the existing QoS policies are insufficient,
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a new policy can be created or an existing policy can be modified using the New QoS Policy or Edit
QoS Policy screens. Once new policies are defined, they are available for use within the New
WLAN or Edit WLAN screens to assign to specific WLANs based on MU interoperability
requirements.
Symbol recommends using the New QoS Policy and Edit QoS Policy screens strategically to name and
configure QoS policies meeting the requirements of the particular WLANs they may map to. However,
be careful not to name policies after specific WLANs, as individual QoS policies can be used by more
than one WLAN. For detailed information on assigning QoS policies to specific WLANs, see Creating/
Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
To configure QoS policies:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> QoS from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Quality of Service Configuration screen displays with existing QoS policies and their
current WLAN (if mapped to a WLAN).
NOTE When the AP-5131 is first launched, a single QoS policy (default) is
available and mapped to WLAN 1. It is anticipated additional QoS policies
will be created as the list of WLANs grows.
Network Management
2. Click the Create button to configure a new QoS policy, or select a policy and click the Edit
button to modify an existing QoS policy. The AP-5131 supports a maximum of 16 QoS
policies.
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3. Assign a name to the new or edited QoS policy that makes sense to the AP-5131 traffic
receiving priority. More than one WLAN can use the same QoS policy.
4. Select the Support Voice prioritization checkbox to allow legacy voice prioritization.
Certain products may not receive priority over other voice or data traffic. Consequently,
ensure the Support Voice Prioritization checkbox is selected if using products that do not
support Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) to provide preferred queuing for these VOIP products.
If the Support Voice Prioritization checkbox is selected, the AP-5131 will detect nonWMM capable (legacy) phones that connect to the AP-5131 and provide priority queueing
for their traffic over normal data.
Network Management
NOTE Wi-fi functionality requires that both the AP-5131 and its associated
clients are WMM-capable and have WMM enabled. WMM enabled
devices can take advantage of their QoS functionality only if using
applications that support WMM, and can assign an appropriate priority
level to the traffic streams they generate.
5. Use the two Multicast Address fields to specify one or two MAC addresses to be used for
multicast applications. Some VoIP devices make use of multicast addresses. Using this
mechanism ensures that the multicast packets for these devices are not delayed by the
packet queue.
6. Select the Enable Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) QoS Extensions checkbox to configure
the AP-5131’s QoS Access Categories. The Access Categories are not configurable unless
the checkbox is selected. Access Categories include:
Background
Backgrounds traffic is typically of a low priority (file transfers, print
jobs ect.). Background traffic typically does not have strict latency
(arrival) and throughput requirements.
Best Effort
Best Effort traffic includes traffic from legacy devices or
applications lacking QoS capabilities. Best Effort traffic is
negatively impacted by data transfers with long delays as well as
multimedia traffic.
Video
Video traffic includes music streaming and application traffic
requiring priority over all other types of network traffic.
Voice
Voice traffic includes VoIP traffic and typically receives priority over
Background and Best Effort traffic.
7. Configure the CW min and CW max (contention windows), AIFSN (Arbitrary Inter-Frame
Space Number) and TXOPs Time (opportunity to transmit) for each Access Category. Their
values are explained below.
CW Min
The contention window minimum value is the least amount of time
the MU waits before transmitting when there is no other data
traffic on the network. The longer the interval, the lesser likelihood
of collision. This value should be set to a smaller increment for
higher priority traffic. Reduce the value when traffic on the WLAN
is anticipated as being smaller.
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CW Max
The contention window maximum value is the maximum amount of
time the MU waits before transmitting when there is no other data
traffic on the network. The longer the interval, the lesser likelihood
of collision, but the greater propensity for longer transmit periods.
AIFSN
The AIFSN is the minimum interframe space between data packets
transmitted for the selected Access Category. This value should be
set to a smaller increment for higher priority traffic to reduce
packet delay time.
TXOPs Time 32usec
The TXOPs Time is the interval the transmitting MU is assigned
for transmitting. The default for Background traffic is 0. The same
TXOPs values should be used for either the AP-5131’s 802.11a or
802.11b/g radio, there is no difference.
TXOPs Time ms
TXOP times range from 0.2 ms (background priority) to 3 ms (video
priority) in a 802.11a network, and from 1.2 ms to 6 ms in an
802.11b/g network. The TXOP bursting capability greatly enhances
the efficiency for high data rate traffic such as streaming video
8. Select the Set Default Values button (if needed), to restore all the field values to their
factory defaults. Symbol recommends default settings in most usage scenarios.
9. Click Apply to save any changes to the New QoS Policy or Edit QoS Policy screen to return
to the Quality of Service Configuration screen. Navigating away from the screen without
clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
10. Click Cancel to securely exit the New QoS Policy or Edit QoS Policy screen to return to the
Quality of Service Configuration screen.
11. Click Logout within the Quality of Service Configuration screen to securely exit the AP-5131
Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the logout before the applet is
closed.
5.3.2 Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration
Each AP-5131 WLAN can have a separate 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio configured and mapped to that
WLAN. The first step is to enable the radio.
One of two possible radio configuration pages are available on the AP-5131 depending on which
model SKU is purchased. If the AP-5131 is a single-radio model, the Radio Configuration screen
enables you to configure the single radio for either 802.11a or 802.11b/g use. The Radio Configuration
screen contains two radio buttons whose selection is mutually exclusive.
Network Management
If the AP-5131 is a dual-radio model, the Radio Configuration screen enables you to configure one
radio for 802.11a use and the other for 802.11b/g (no other alternatives exist for the dual-radio
model). Using a dual-radio AP-5131, individual 802.11a and 802.11b/g radios can be enabled or
disabled using the Radio Configuration screen checkboxes.
To set the AP-5131 radio configuration (this example is for a dual-radio AP-5131):
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Radio Configuration from the AP-5131
menu tree.
2. Enable the radio(s) using the Enable Radio checkbox(es).
If using a single-radio model, enable the radio then select either 802.11a (5 GHz) or
802.11b/g (2.4 GHz) from the RF band of operation field. Only one RF band option is
permissible in a single-radio model.
If using a dual-radio model, enable either 802.11a (5 GHz) or 802.11b/g (2.4 GHz) from the
RF band of operation field.
!
CAUTION If a radio is disabled, be careful not to accidentally configure a new
WLAN, expecting the radio to be operating when you have forgotten it
was disabled.
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3. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Radio Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
Once the target radio has been enabled from the Radio Configuration screen, configure
the radio’s properties by selecting it from the AP-5131 menu tree.
For more information, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
5.3.2.1 Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio
Configure an 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio by selecting the radio’s name (as defined using the 802.11a
or 802.11b/g radio configuration screen described below) as a sub-menu item under the Radio
Configuration menu item. Use the radio configuration screen to set the radio’s placement properties,
define the radio’s threshold and QoS settings, set the radio’s channel and antenna settings and define
beacon and DTIM intervals.
To configure the AP-5131’s 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Radio Configuration -> Radio1 (default
name) from the AP-5131 menu tree.
On a single-radio AP-5131, Radio1 could either be an 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio depending
on which radio has been enabled.
Network Management
2. Configure the Properties field to assign a name and placement designation for the radio.
Placement
Use the Placement drop-down menu to specify whether the
radio is located outdoors or indoors. Default placement depends on
the country of operation selected for the AP-5131.
MAC Address
The AP-5131, like other Ethernet devices, has a unique, hardware
encoded Media Access Control (MAC) or IEEE address. MAC
addresses determine the device sending or receiving data. A MAC
address is a 48-bit number written as six hexadecimal bytes
separated by colons. For example: 00:A0:F8:24:9A:C8
Radio Type
The Radio Type parameter simply displays the radio type as
802.11a or 802.11b/g. This field is read only and always displays
the radio type selected from the AP-5131 menu tree under the
Radio Configuration item.
3. Configure the Radio Setting field to assign a channel, antenna diversity setting, radio
transmit power level and data rate.
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Channel Setting
The following channel setting options exist:
User Selection - If selected, use the drop-down menu to specify
the legal channel for the intended country of operation. The dropdown menu is not available if this option is not selected.
Automatic Selection - Enables the AP-5131 to auto-select the
channel of operation. For example, if three AP-5131’s are operating
on 802.11b/g, each AP-5131 would be set to a non-overlapping
channel (1, 6 and 11). If using the AP-5131’s 802.11a radio, a
Uniform Spreading option is available (and is the default setting
for the 802.11a radio). To comply with Dynamic Frequency
Selection (DFS) requirements in the European Union, the 802.11a
radio uses a randomly selected channel each time the AP-5131 is
powered on.
Antenna Diversity
Specifies the antenna selection for the 802.11a radio. Options
include Primary Only, Secondary Only and Full Diversity. The default
setting is Primary. However, Diversity can improve performance
and signal reception in areas where interference is significant and
is recommended when two antennas are supported.
Power Level
The Power Level parameter defines the transmit power of the
802.11a or 802.11b/g antenna(s). The values are expressed in dBm
and mW.
802.11 b/g mode
Specify b only, g only or b and g to define whether the 802.11b/
g radio transmits in the 2.4 Ghz band exclusively for 802.11b
(legacy) clients or transmits in the 2.4 Ghz band for 802.11g clients.
Selecting b and g enables the AP-5131 to transmit to both b and g
clients if legacy clients (802.11b) partially comprise the network.
Select accordingly based on the MU requirements of the network.
This parameter does not apply to AP-5131 802.11a radios.
Set Rates
Click the Set Rates button to display a window for selecting
minimum and maximum data transmit rates for the radio. At least
one Basic Rate must be selected as a minimum transmit rate
value. Supported Rates define the data rate the radio defaults to
if a higher selected data rate cannot be maintained. Click OK to
implement the selected rates and return to the 802.11a or
802.11b/g radio configuration screen. Clicking Cancel reverts the
Set Rates screen to the last saved configuration. Symbol
recommends using the default rates unless qualified to understand
the performance risks of changing them.
Network Management
4. Configure the Performance field to set the preamble, thresholds values, data rates and
QoS values for the radio.
Support Short
Preamble
The preamble is approximately 8 bytes of packet header generated
by the AP-5131 and attached to the packet prior to transmission
from the 802.11b radio. The preamble length for 802.11b
transmissions is data rate dependant. The short preamble is 50%
shorter than the long preamble. Leave the checkbox unselected if
in a mixed MU/AP environment, as MUs and the AP-5131 are
required to have the same RF Preamble settings for interoperability.
The default is Disabled. The preamble length for 802.11a and
802.11g transmissions is the same, with no long or short preamble
lengths.
RTS Threshold
RTS allows the AP-5131 to use RTS (Request To Send) on frames
longer than the specified length. The default is 2341bytes.
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Set RF QoS
Click the Set RF QoS button to display the Set RF QOS screen to
set QoS parameters for the AP-5131 radio. This setting should not
be confused with the QoS configuration screen used for a WLAN.
The Set RF QoS screen initially appears with default values
displayed.
Configure the CW min and CW max (contention window), AIFSN
(Arbitrary Inter-Frame Space Number) and TXOPs Time for each
Access Category. These are the QoS policies for the 802.11a or
802.11b/g radio, not the QoS policies configured for the WLAN (as
created or edited from the Quality of Service Configuration
screen). Click the Set Default Values button to restore factory
default CW, AIFSN and TXOPs values to the Set RF QoS screen.
Click OK to implement the selected QoS values and return to the
802.11a or 802.11b/g radio configuration screen. Clicking Cancel
reverts the screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Refer to the Beacon Settings field to set the radio beacon and DTIM intervals.
Network Management
Beacon Interval
The beacon interval controls the performance of power save
stations. A small interval may make power save stations more
responsive, but it will also cause them to consume more battery
power. A large interval makes power save stations less responsive,
but could increase power savings.
The default is 100. Avoid changing this parameter as it can
adversely affect performance.
DTIM Interval
The DTIM interval defines how often broadcast frames are
delivered. If a system has an abundance of broadcast traffic and it
needs to be delivered quickly, Symbol recommends decreasing the
DTIM interval. However, decreasing the DTIM interval decreases
the battery life on power save stations. The default is 10. Symbol
recommends using the default value unless qualified to understand
the performance risks of changing it.
6. Select the Advanced Settings tab to strategically map BSSIDs to WLANs in order to define
them as primary WLANs.
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Defining Primary WLANs allows an administrator to dedicate BSSIDs (4 BSSIDs are
available for mapping) to WLANs. From that initial BSSID assignment, Primary WLANs can
be defined from within the WLANs assigned to BSSID groups 1 through 4. Each BSSID
beacons only on the primary WLAN.
The user should assign each WLAN to its own BSSID. In cases where more than four WLANs
are required, WLANs should be grouped according to their security policies so all of the
WLANs on a BSSID have the same security policy. It is generally a bad idea to have WLANs
with different security policies on the same BSSID, as this will result in warning or error
messages.
NOTE If using a single-radio AP-5131, there are 4 BSSIDs available. If using a
dual-radio AP-5131, 4 BSSIDs for the 802.11b/g radio and 4 BSSIDs for
the 802.11a radio are available.
WLAN
Lists the WLAN names available to the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio
that can be assigned to a BSSID.
BSSID
Assign a BSSID value of 1 through 4 to a WLAN in order to map the
WLAN to a specific BSSID.
BC/MC Cipher
A read only field displaying the downgraded BC/MC (Broadcast/
Multicast) cipher for a WLAN based on the BSSID and VLAN ID to
which it has been mapped.
Status
Displays the following color coded status:
Red - Error (Invalid Configuration)
Yellow - Warning (Broadcast Downgrade)
Green - Good (Configuration is OK)
Message
Displays the verbal status of the WLAN and BSSID assignments. If
the Status column displays green, the Message will typically be
Configuration is OK. If yellow, a description of invalid
configuration displays.
7. Use the Primary WLAN drop-down menu to select a WLAN from those WLANs sharing the
same BSSID. The selected WLAN is the primary WLAN for the specified BSSID.
Network Management
8. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Settings and Advanced Settings screens.
Navigating away from the screen without clicking Apply results in changes to the screens
being lost.
9. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made to the screen and its subscreens. Undo Changes reverts the settings to the last saved configuration.
10. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
5.3.3 Configuring Bandwidth Management Settings
The AP-5131 can be configured to grant individual WLAN’s network bandwidth priority levels. Use the
Bandwidth Management screen to control the network bandwidth allotted to WLANs. Symbol
recommends defining a weighed scheme as needed when WLAN traffic supporting a specific
network segment becomes critical.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Bandwidth Management from the
AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Use the Bandwidth Share Mode drop-down menu to define the order enabled WLANs
receive AP-5131 services. Select one of the following three options:
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First In First Out
WLANs receive services from the AP-5131 on a first-come, firstserved basis. This is the default setting.
Round-Robin
Each WLAN receives AP-5131 services in turn as long the
AP-5131 has data traffic to forward.
Weighted RoundRobin
If selected, a weighting (prioritization) scheme (configured within
the QoS Configuration screen) is used to define which WLANs
receive AP-5131 resources first.
3. Configure the Bandwidth Share for Each WLAN field to set a raw weight (for WLANs
using the Weighted Round-Robin option) for each WLAN. The weight % changes as the
weight is entered.
If a WLAN has not been enabled from the Wireless screen, it is not configurable using the
Bandwidth Management screen. To enable a specific WLAN, see Enabling Wireless
LANs (WLANs) on page 5-22.
WLAN Name
Displays the name of the WLAN. This field is read-only. To change
the name of the WLAN, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on
page 5-24.
Weight
This column is not available unless Weighted Round-Robin is
selected. Assign a weight to each WLAN. This percentage equals
the AP-5131 bandwidth share for that WLAN when network traffic
is detected.
Weight (%)
This column is automatically updated with the appropriate WLAN
bandwidth share when the Weight is modified.
QoS Policy
Displays the name of the QoS policy defined for each WLAN within
the Quality of Service for WLAN screen. If no policy has been
set, the WLAN uses the default policy. For information on assigning
QoS policies for specific WLANs, see Setting the WLAN Quality of
Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Bandwidth Management screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Bandwidth Management screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
Network Management
NOTE Though the Rogue AP and Firewall features appear after the Bandwidth
Management features within the AP-5131 menu tree, they are described
in this guide within the security chapter as both items are data protection
functions, for more information see, Configuring Firewall Settings on page
6-25 and Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-51.
5.4 Configuring Router Settings
The AP-5131 router uses routing tables and protocols to forward data packets from one network to
another. The AP-5131 router manages traffic within the network, and directs traffic from the WAN to
destinations on the AP-5131 managed LAN. Use the AP-5131 Router screen to view the router's
connected routes. To access the Router screen.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Router from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the AP-5131 Router Table field to view existing routes.
The AP-5131 Router Table field displays a list of connected routes between an enabled
subnet and the router. These routes can be changed by modifying the IP address and subnet
masks of the enabled subnets.
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The information in the AP-5131 Router Table is dynamically generated from settings applied
on the WAN screen. The destination for each subnet is its IP address. The subnet mask (or
network mask) and gateway settings are those belonging to each subnet. Displayed
interfaces are those associated with destination IP addresses. To change any of the network
address information within the WAN screen, see Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-13.
3. Use the User Defined Routes field to add or delete static routes.
The User Defined Routes field allows the administrator to view, add or delete internal static
(dedicated) routes. Internal static routes are dedicated routes for data that travels from the
WAN, through the AP-5131, and to a specified location.
a. Click the Add button to create a new table entry.
b. Highlight an entry and click the Del (delete) button to remove an entry.
c. Specify the destination IP address, subnet mask, and gateway information for the
internal static route.
d. Select an enabled subnet from the Interface(s) column’s drop-down menu to complete
the table entry. Information in the Metric column is a user-defined value (from 1 to
65535) used by router protocols to determine the best hop routes.
4. Click the Apply button to save the changes.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
Configuring Access Point Security
Security measures for the AP-5131 and its WLANs are critical. Use the available AP-5131 security
options to protect the AP-5131 LAN from wireless vulnerabilities, and safeguard the transmission of
RF packets between the AP-5131 and its associated MUs.
WLAN security can be configured on an ESS by ESS basis on the AP-5131. Sixteen separate ESSIDs
(WLANs) can be supported on an AP-5131, and must be managed (if necessary) between the 802.11a
and 802.11b/g radio. The user has the capability of configuring separate security policies for each
WLAN. Each security policy can be configured based on the authentication (Kerberos, 802.1x EAP) or
encryption (WEP, KeyGuard, WPA/TKIP or WPA2/CCMP) scheme best suited to the coverage area that
security policy supports.
The AP-5131 can also create VPN tunnels to securely route traffic through a IPSEC tunnel and block
transmissions with devices interpreted as Rogue AP’s.
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NOTE Security for the AP-5131 can be configured in various locations throughout
the AP-5131 menu structure. This chapter outlines the security options
available to the AP-5131, and the menu locations and steps required to
configure specific security measures.
6.1 Configuring Security Options
To configure the data protection options available on the AP-5131, refer to the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
To set an administrative password for secure AP-5131 logins, see Setting Passwords on
page 6-3.
Refer to Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes on page 6-5 to display security
policy screens used to configure the authetication and encryption schemes available to the
AP-5131. These security policies can be used on more than one WLAN.
To create a security policy supporting 802.1x EAP, see Configuring 802.1x EAP
Authentication on page 6-11.
To define a security policy supporting Kerberos, see, Configuring Kerberos Authentication on
page 6-9.
To create a security policy supporting WEP, see Configuring WEP Encryption on page 6-15.
To configure a security policy supporting KeyGuard, see, Configuring KeyGuard Encryption
on page 6-17.
To define a security policy supporting WPA-TKIP, see Configuring WPA Using TKIP on page
6-19.
To create a security policy supporting WPA2-CCMP, see Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i)
on page 6-22.
To configure the AP-5131 to block specific kinds of HTTP, SMTP and FTP data traffic, see
Configuring Firewall Settings on page 6-25.
To create VPN tunnels allowing traffic to route securely through a IPSEC tunnel to a private
network, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
To configure the AP-5131 to block transmissions with devices detected as Rogue AP’s
(hostile devices), see Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-51.
Configuring Access Point Security
6.2 Setting Passwords
Before setting the AP-5131 security parameters, verify an administrative password for the AP-5131
has been created to restrict access to the device before advanced device security is configured.
To password protect and restrict AP-5131 device access:
1. Connect a wired computer to the AP-5131 LAN port using a standard CAT-5 cable.
2. Set up the computer for TCP/IP DHCP network addressing and make sure the DNS settings
are not hardcoded.
3. Start up Internet Explorer (with Sun Micro Systems’ Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.5 or
higher installed) and type in the default IP address in the address field: 192.168.0.1. If the
default IP address has been changed, ensure the correct IP address is entered.
NOTE For optimum compatibility use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher
(available from Sun’s Web site), and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java
Virtual Machine if it is installed.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address for the AP-5131. The
user is required to enter a numerical IP address.
The AP-5131 Login screen displays.
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4. Log in using the “admin” as the default User ID and “symbol” as the default Password.
If the default login is successful, the Change Admin Password window displays. Change
the default login and password to significantly decrease the likelihood of hacking.
5. Enter the previous password and the new admin password in the two fields provided. Click
the Apply button.
Once the admin password has been created/updated, the System Settings screen displays.
If the AP-5131 has not had its System Settings (device name, location etc.) configured, see
Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
Once the password has been set, refer back to Configuring Security Options on page 6-2 to
determine which AP-5131 security feature to configure next.
6.2.1 Resetting the AP-5131 Password
The AP-5131 Command Line Interface (CLI) enables users who forget their password to reset it to the
factory default (symbol). From there, a new password can be defined.
To reset the AP-5131 password back to its default setting:
1. Connect one end of a null modem serial cable to the AP-5131’s serial connector.
2. Attach the other end of the null modem serial cable to the serial port of a PC running
HyperTerminal or a similar emulation program.
3. Set the HyperTerminal program to use 19200 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, no flow
control and auto-detect for terminal emulation.
4. Press <ESC> or <Enter> to access the AP-5131 CLI.
A serial connection has now been established and the user should be able to view the serial
connection window.
5. Reset the AP-5131.
Configuring Access Point Security
An AP-5131 can be reset by removing and re-inserting the LAN cable or removing and reinserting the power cable.
As the AP-5131 is re-booting, a “Press esc key to run boot firmware” message displays.
6. Quickly press <ESC>.
!
CAUTION If the <ESC> key is not pressed within three seconds after the “Press
esc key to run boot firmware” message displays, the AP-5131 will
continue to boot.
If the <ESC> key is pressed within three seconds a boot> prompt displays.
7. Type the following at the boot prompt:
passwd default
8. Reset the AP-5131 by typing the following at the boot prompt:
reset system
When the AP-5131 re-boots again, the password will return to its default value of “symbol.”
You can now access the AP-5131.
6.3 Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes
To complement the built-in firewall filters on the WAN side of the AP-5131, the WLAN side of the
AP-5131 supports authentication and encryption schemes. Authentication is a challenge-response
procedure for validating user credentials such as username, password, and sometimes secret-key
information. The AP-5131 provides two schemes for authenticating users: 802.1x EAP and Kerberos.
Encryption applies a specific algorithm to alter its appearance and prevent unauthorized reading.
Decryption applies the algorithm in reverse to restore the data to its original form. Sender and
receiver must employ the same encryption/decryption method to interoperate.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is available in two encryption modes: 40 bit (also called WEP 64) and
104 bit (also called WEP 128). The 104-bit encryption mode provides a longer algorithm (better
security) that takes longer to decode (hack) than the 40-bit encryption mode.
Each WLAN (16 WLANs available in total to an AP-5131 regardless of the model) can have a separate
security policy. However, more than one WLAN can use the same security policy. Therefore, to avoid
confusion, do not name security policies the same name as WLANs. Once security policies have been
created, they are selectable within the Security field of each WLAN screen. If the existing default
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security policy does not satisfy the data protection requirements of a specific WLAN, a new security
policy (using the authentication and encryption schemes discussed above) can be created.
To enable an existing WLAN security policy or create a new policy:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Security Configuration screen displays.
2. If a new security policy is required, click the Create button.
The New Security Policy screen displays with the Manually Pre-shared key/No
authentication and No Encryption options selected. Naming and saving such a policy (as
is) would provide no security and might only make sense in a guest network wherein no
sensitive data is either transmitted or received.
However, selecting any other authetnication or encryption checkbox displays a configuration
field for the selected security scheme within the New Security Policy screen.
Configuring Access Point Security
NOTE An existing security policy can be edited from the Security Configuration
screen by selecting an existing policy and clicking the Edit button. Use the
Edit Security Policy screen to edit the policy. For more information on
editing an existing security policy, refer to security configuration sections
described in steps 4 and 5.
3. Use the Name field to define a logical security policy name.
Remember, multiple WLANs can share the same security policy, so be careful not to name
security policies after specific WLANs or risk defining a WLAN to single policy. Symbol
recommends naming the policy after the attributes of the authentication or encryption type
selected (for example, WPA2 Allow TKIP).
4. Enable and configure an Authentication option if necessary for the target security policy.
Manually Pre-Shared
Key / No
Authentication
Select this button to disable authentication. This is the default
value for the Authentication field.
Kerberos
Select the Kerberos button to display the Kerberos
Configuration field within the New Security Policy screen. For
specific information on configuring Kerberos, see Configuring
Kerberos Authentication on page 6-9.
802.1x EAP
Select the 802.1x EAP button to display the 802.1x EAP Settings
field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring EAP, see Configuring 802.1x EAP
Authentication on page 6-11.
5. Enable and configure an Encryption option if necessary for the target security policy.
No Encryption
If No Encryption is selected, encryption is disabled for the
security policy. If security is not an issue, this setting avoids the
overhead an encryption protocol causes on the AP-5131. No
Encryption is the default value for the Encryption field.
WEP 64 (40-bit key)
Select the WEP 64 (40 bit key) button to display the WEP 64
Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring WEP 64, see Configuring WEP
Encryption on page 6-15.
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WEP 128 (104-bit key) Select the WEP 128 (104 bit key) button to display the WEP 128
Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring WEP 128, see Configuring WEP
Encryption on page 6-15.
KeyGuard
Select the KeyGuard button to display the KeyGuard Settings
field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring KeyGuard, see Configuring KeyGuard
Encryption on page 6-17.
WPA/TKIP
Select the WPA/TKIP button to display the WPA/TKIP Settings
field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring WPA-TKIP, see Configuring WPA Using
TKIP on page 6-19.
WPA2/CCMP
(802.11i)
Select the WPA2/CCMP (802.11) button to display the WPA2/
CCMP Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For
detailed information on configuring WPA2/CCMP, see Configuring
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) on page 6-22.
6. Click Apply to keep changes made within the New Security Policy screen (if any).
Configure encryption or authentication supported security policies by referring to the
following:
AP-5131 authentication
• To create a security policy supporting Kerberos, see, Configuring Kerberos
Authentication on page 6-9.
• To define a security policy supporting 802.1x EAP, see Configuring 802.1x EAP
Authentication on page 6-11.
AP-5131 encryption
• To create a security policy supporting WEP, see Configuring WEP Encryption on page 615.
• To define a security policy supporting KeyGuard, see, Configuring KeyGuard Encryption
on page 6-17.
• To configure a security policy supporting WPA/TKIP, see Configuring WPA Using TKIP on
page 6-19.
• To create a security policy supporting WPA2/CCMP, see Configuring WPA2-CCMP
(802.11i) on page 6-22.
Configuring Access Point Security
7. Click Cancel to return to the target WLAN screen without keeping any of the changes made
within the New Security Policy screen.
6.4 Configuring Kerberos Authentication
Kerberos (designed and developed by MIT) provides strong authentication for client/server
applications using secret-key cryptography. Using Kerberos, a client must prove its identity to a server
(and vice versa) across an insecure network connection. Once a client and server use Kerberos to
prove their identity, they can encrypt all communications to assure privacy and data integrity.
Kerberos can only be used on the AP-5131 with Symbol clients.
!
CAUTION Kerberos makes no provisions for host security. Kerberos assumes
that it is running on a trusted host with an untrusted network. If host
security is compromised, Kerberos is compromised as well
Kerberos uses the Network Time Protocol (NTP) for synchronizing the clocks of its Key Distribution
Center (KDC) server(s). Use the NTP Servers screen to specify the IP addresses and ports of available
NTP servers. Kerberos requires the Enable NTP on AP-5131 checkbox be selected for authentication
to function properly. See Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-26 to configure the NTP
server.
NOTE If 802.11a is selected as the radio used for a specific WLAN, the WLAN
cannot use a Kerberos supported security policy, as no 802.11a clients can
support Kerberos on the AP-5131.
To configure Kerberos on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
If security policies supporting Kerberos exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting Kerberos, continue
to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting Kerberos.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the Kerberos radio button.
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The Kerberos Configuration field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Set the Kerberos Configuration field as required to define the parameters of the Kerberos
authentication server and AP-5131.
Realm Name
Specify a realm name that is case-sensitive, for example,
SYMBOL.COM. The realm name is the name domain/realm name
of the KDC Server. A realm name functions similarly to a DNS
domain name. In theory, the realm name is arbitrary. However, in
practice a Kerberos realm is named by uppercasing the DNS
domain name that is associated with hosts in the realm.
Configuring Access Point Security
Primary KDC
Specify a numerical (non-DNS) IP address and port for the primary
Key Distribution Center (KDC). The KDC implements an
Authentication Service and a Ticket Granting Service, whereby an
authorized user is granted a ticket encrypted with the user's
password. The KDC has a copy of every user password.
Backup KDC
Optionally, specify a numerical (non-DNS) IP address and port for a
backup KDC. Backup KDCs are referred to as slave servers. The
slave server periodically synchronizes its database with the
primary (or master) KDC.
Remote KDC
Optionally, specify a numerical (non-DNS) IP address and port for a
remote KDC. Kerberos implementations can use an administration
server allowing remote manipulation of the Kerberos database.
This administration server usually runs on the KDC.
Port
Specify the ports on which the Primary, Backup and Remote KDCs
reside. The default port number for Kerberos Key Distribution
Centers is Port 88.
6. Click the Apply button to return to the WLAN screen to save any changes made within the
Kerberos Configuration field of the New Security Policy screen.
7. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the Kerberos Configuration field
and return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings for the Kerberos Configuration field
to the last saved configuration.
6.5 Configuring 802.1x EAP Authentication
The IEEE 802.1x standard ties the 802.1x EAP authentication protocol to both wired and wireless LAN
applications.
The EAP process begins when an unauthenticated supplicant (client device) tries to connect with an
authenticator (in this case, the authentication server). The AP-5131 passes EAP packets from the
client to an authentication server on the wired side of the AP-5131. All other packet types are blocked
until the authentication server (typically, a RADIUS server) verifies the MU’s identity.
To configure 802.1x EAP authentication on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
If security policies supporting 802.1x EAP exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
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by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting 802.1x EAP,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting 802.1x EAP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the 802.1x EAP radio button.
The 802.1x EAP Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the Server Settings field as required to define address information for the
authentication server.
Configuring Access Point Security
Radius Server
Address
Specify the numerical (non-DNS) IP address of a primary Remote
Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server. Optionally, specify the IP
address of a secondary server. The secondary server acts as a
failover server if the primary server cannot be contacted. An ISP or
a network administrator provides these addresses.
RADIUS is a client/server protocol and software enabling remoteaccess clients to communicate with a server used to authenticate
users and authorize access to the requested system or service.
RADIUS Port
Specify the port on which the primary RADIUS server is listening.
Optionally, specify the port of a secondary (failover) server. Older
RADIUS servers listen on ports 1645 and 1646. Newer servers
listen on ports 1812 and 1813. Port 1645 or 1812 is used for
authentication. Port 1646 or 1813 is used for accounting. The ISP or
a network administrator needs to confirm the appropriate primary
and secondary port numbers for authentication.
RADIUS Shared
Secret
Specify a shared secret for authentication on the primary RADIUS
server. The shared secret is required to match the shared secret on
the Radius server. Optionally, specify a shared secret for a
secondary (failover) server. Use shared secrets to verify RADIUS
messages (with the exception of the Access-Request message)
sent by a RADIUS-enabled device configured with the same shared
secret.
Apply the qualifications of a well-chosen password to the
generation of a shared secret. Generate a random, case-sensitive
string using letters, numbers and symbols. Verify the shared secret
is at least 22 characters to protect the RADIUS server from bruteforce attacks. An example of a strong and secure shared secret is:
8d#>9fq4bV)H7%a3-zE13sW.
6. Select the Advanced Settings tab as required to specify a MU quiet period, timeout
interval, transmit period, and retry period for MUs and the authentication server.
MU Quiet Period
(1-65535) secs
Specify an idle time (in seconds) between MU authentication
attempts, as required by the authentication server. The default is
10 seconds.
MU Timeout
(1-255) secs
Define the time (in seconds) for the AP-5131’s retransmission of
EAP-Request packets. The default is 10 seconds.
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MU Tx Period
(1-65635) secs
Specify the time period (in seconds) for the AP-5131's
retransmission of the EAP Identity Request frame. The default is 5
seconds.
MU Max Retries
(1-10) retries
Specify the maximum number of times the AP-5131 retransmits an
EAP-Request frame to the client before it times out the
authentication session. The default is 2 retries.
Server Timeout
(1-255) secs
Specify the time (in seconds) for the AP-5131's retransmission of
EAP-Request packets to the server. The default is 5 seconds. If this
time is exceeded, the authetnication session is terminated.
Server Max Retries
(1-255 retries)
Specify the maximum number of times for the AP-5131 to
retransmit an EAP-Request frame to the server before it times out
the authentication session. The default is 2 retries.
7. Select the Reauthentication tab as required to define authentication connection policies,
intervals and maximum retries.
Enable
Reauthentication
Select the Enable Reauthentication checkbox to configure a
wireless connection policy so MUs are forced to reauthenticate
periodically. Periodic repetition of the EAP process provides
ongoing security for current authorized connections.
Period (30-9999) secs Set the EAP reauthentication period to a shorter time interval (at
least 30 seconds) for tighter security on the WLAN's connections.
Set the EAP reauthentication period to a longer time interval (at
most, 9999 seconds) to relax security on wireless connections. The
reauthentication period setting does not affect wireless connection
throughput. The default is 3600 seconds.
Max. Retries (1-99)
retries
Define the maximum number of MU retries to reauthenticate after
failing to complete the EAP process. Failure to reauthenticate in the
specified number of retries results in a terminated connection. The
default is 2 retries.
8. Select the Radius Accounting tab as required to define a timeout period and retry interval
Syslog for MUs interoperating with the AP-5131 and EAP authentication server.
Enable Accounting
Select the Enable Accounting checkbox to implement the MU
timeout and retry definitions configured within the Radius
Accounting field.
Configuring Access Point Security
MU Timeout
Specify the time (in seconds) for the AP-5131’s retransmission of
EAP-Request packets. The default is 10 seconds. If this time is
exceeded, the authetnication session is terminated.
Retries
Specify the number of retries for the MU to retransmit a missed
frame to the Radius server before it times out of the authentication
session. The default is 2 retries.
Enable Syslog
Select the Enable Syslog checkbox to enable syslog messages
relating to EAP events to be written to the specified syslog server.
Syslog Server IP
Enter the IP address of the destination syslog server to be used to
log EAP events.
9. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the 802.1x EAP Settings field
(including all 5 selectable tabs) of the New Security Policy screen.
10. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the 802.1x EAP Settings field and
return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings for the 802.1x EAP Settings field to the
last saved configuration.
6.6 Configuring WEP Encryption
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol specified in the IEEE Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi)
standard. WEP is designed to provide a WLAN with a level of security and privacy comparable to that
of a wired LAN.
WEP may be all that a small-business user needs for the simple encryption of wireless data. However,
networks that require more security are at risk from a WEP flaw. The existing 802.11 standard alone
offers administrators no effective method to update keys.
To configure WEP on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
If security policies supporting WEP exist, they appear within the Security Configuration
screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited by clicking the
Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting WEP, continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting WEP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select either the WEP 64 (40 bit key) or WEP 128 (104 bit key) radio button.
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The WEP 64 Settings or WEP 128 Settings field displays within the New Security Policy
screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the WEP 64 Settings or WEP 128 Settings field as required to define the Pass
Key used to generate the WEP keys. These keys must be the same between the AP-5131 and
its MU to encrypt packets between the two devices.
Pass Key
Specify a 4 to 32 character pass key and click the Generate button.
The pass key can be any alphanumeric string. The AP-5131, other
proprietary routers and Symbol MUs use the algorithm to convert
an ASCII string to the same hexadecimal number. MUs without
Symbol adapters need to use WEP keys manually configured as
hexadecimal numbers.
Configuring Access Point Security
Keys #1-4
Use the Key #1-4 areas to specify key numbers. The key can be
either a hexadecimal or ASCII depending on which option is
selected from the drop-down menu. For WEP 64 (40-bit key), the
keys are 10 hexadecimal characters in length or 5 ASCII characters.
For WEP 128 (104-bit key), the keys are 26 hexadecimal characters
in length or 13 ASCII characters. Select one of these keys for
activation by clicking its radio button.
Default (hexadecimal) keys for WEP 64 include:
Key 1
1011121314
Key 2
2021222324
Key 3
3031323334
Key 4
4041424344
Default (hexadecimal) keys for WEP 128 include:
Key 1
101112131415161718191A1B1C
Key 2
202122232425262728292A2B2C
Key 3
303132333435363738393A3B3C
Key 4
404142434445464748494A4B4C
6. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the WEP 64 Setting or WEP 128
Setting field of the New Security Policy screen.
7. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the WEP 64 Setting or WEP 128
Setting field and return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved
configuration.
6.7 Configuring KeyGuard Encryption
KeyGuard is a proprietary encryption method developed by Symbol Technologies. KeyGuard is
Symbol's enhancement to WEP encryption, and was developed before the finalization of WPA-TKIP.
This encryption implementation is based on the IEEE Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11i.
WPA2-CCMP (not KeyGuard) offers the highest level of security among the encryption methods
available with the AP-5131.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
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If security policies supporting KeyGuard exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting KeyGuard,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting KeyGuard.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the KeyGuard radio button.
The KeyGuard Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the KeyGuard Settings field as required to define the Pass Key used to generate
the WEP keys used with the KeyGuard algorithm. These keys must be the same between the
AP-5131 and its MU to encrypt packets between the two devices
Configuring Access Point Security
Pass Key
Specify a 4 to 32 character pass key and click the Generate button.
The pass key can be any alphanumeric string. The AP-5131, other
proprietary routers, and Symbol MUs use the algorithm to convert
an ASCII string to the same hexadecimal number. MUs without
Symbol adapters need to use WEP keys manually configured as
hexadecimal numbers.
Keys #1-4
Use the Key #1-4 areas to specify key numbers. The key can be
either a hexadecimal or ASCII depending on which option is
selected from the drop-down menu. The keys are 26 hexadecimal
characters in length or 13 ASCII characters. Select one of these
keys for activation by clicking its radio button.
Default (hexadecimal) keys for KeyGuard include:
Key 1
101112131415161718191A1B1C
Key 2
202122232425262728292A2B2C
Key 3
303132333435363738393A3B3C
Key 4
404142434445464748494A4B4C
6. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the KeyGuard Setting field of the
New Security Policy screen.
7. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the KeyGuard Setting field and
return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved configuration.
6.8 Configuring WPA Using TKIP
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a robust encryption scheme specified in the IEEE Wireless Fidelity
(Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11i. WPA provides more sophisticated data encryption than WEP. WPA is
designed for corporate networks and small-business environments where more wireless traffic
allows quicker discovery of encryption keys by an unauthorized person.
WPA's encryption method is Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP). TKIP addresses WEP’s
weaknesses with a re-keying mechanism, a per-packet mixing function, a message integrity check,
and an extended initialization vector. WPA also provides strong user authentication based on 802.1x
EAP.
To configure WPA-TKIP encryption on the AP-5131:
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1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
If security policies supporting WPA-TKIP exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting WPA-TKIP,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting WPA-TKIP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the WPA/TKIP radio button.
The WPA/TKIP Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the Key Rotation Settings area as needed to broadcast encryption key changes
to MUs and define the broadcast interval.
Configuring Access Point Security
Broadcast Key
Rotation
Select the Broadcast Key Rotation checkbox to enable or disable
the broadcasting of encryption-key changes to MUs. Only
broadcast key changes when required by associated MUs to reduce
the transmissions of sensitive key information. This value is
disabled by default.
Update broadcast
keys every (300604800 seconds)
Specify a time period in seconds for broadcasting encryption-key
changes to MUs. Set key broadcasts to a shorter time interval (at
least 30 seconds) for tighter security on the WLAN's wireless
connections. Set key broadcasts to a longer time interval (at most,
80000 seconds) to extend the key times for wireless connections.
Default is 86,400 seconds.
6. Configure the Key Settings area as needed to set an ASCII Passphrase and key values.
ASCII Passphrase
To use an ASCII passphrase (and not a hexadecimal value), select
the checkbox and enter an alphanumeric string of 8 to 63
characters. The alphanumeric string allows character spaces. The
AP-5131 converts the string to a numeric value. This passphrase
saves the administrator from entering the 256-bit key each time
keys are generated.
256-bit Key
To use a hexadecimal value (and not an ASCII passphrase), select
the checkbox and enter 16 hexadecimal characters into each of the
four fields displayed.
Default (hexadecimal) 256-bit keys for WPA/TKIP include:
1011121314151617
18191A1B1C1D1E1F
2021222324252627
28292A2B2C2D2E2F
7. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the WPA/TKIP Settings field of the
New Security Policy screen.
8. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the WPA/TKIP Settings field and
return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved configuration.
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6.9 Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i)
WPA2 is a newer 802.11i standard that provides even stronger wireless security than Wi-Fi Protected
Access (WPA) and WEP. CCMP is the security standard used by the Advanced Encryption Standard
(AES). AES serves the same function TKIP does for WPA-TKIP. CCMP computes a Message Integrity
Check (MIC) using the proven Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) technique. Changing just one bit in a
message produces a totally different result.
WPA2/CCMP is based on the concept of a Robust Security Network (RSN), which defines a hierarchy
of keys with a limited lifetime (similar to TKIP). Like TKIP, the keys the administrator provides are used
to derive other keys. Messages are encrypted using a 128-bit secret key and a 128-bit block of data.
The end result is an encryption scheme as secure as any the AP-5131 provides.
To configure WPA2-CCMP on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the AP-5131 menu tree.
If security policies supporting WPA2-CCMP exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting WPA2-CCMP,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting WPA2-CCMP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the WPA2/CCMP (802.11i) checkbox.
The WPA2/CCMP Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
Configuring Access Point Security
5. Configure the Key Rotation Settings field as required to set Broadcast Key Rotation and
the update interval.
Broadcast Key
Rotation
Select the Broadcast Key Rotation checkbox to enable or disable
the broadcasting of encryption key changes to MUs. Only broadcast
key changes when required by associated MUs to reduce the
transmissions of sensitive key information. This option is disabled
by default.
Update broadcast
keys every (300604800 seconds)
Specify a time period in seconds for broadcasting encryption key
changes to MUs. Set key broadcasts to a shorter interval (at least
30 seconds) for tighter security on the WLAN's wireless
connections. Set key broadcasts to a longer interval to extend the
key times for wireless connections. Default is 86,400 seconds.
6. Configure the Key Settings area as needed to set an ASCII Passphrase and 128-bit key.
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ASCII Passphrase
To use an ASCII passphrase (and not a hexadecimal value), select
the checkbox enter an alphanumeric string of 8 to 63 characters.
The string allows character spaces. The AP-5131 converts the
string to a numeric value. This passphrase saves the administrator
from entering the 256-bit key each time keys are generated.
256-bit Key
To use a hexadecimal value (and not an ASCII passphrase), select
the checkbox and enter 16 hexadecimal characters into each of the
four fields displayed.
Default (hexadecimal) 256-bit keys for WP2A/CCMP include:
1011121314151617
18191A1B1C1D1E1F
2021222324252627
28292A2B2C2D2E2F
7. Configure the WPA2-CCMP Mixed Mode field as needed to allow TKIP and WPA2 client
interoperation.
Allow WPA-TKIP
clients
WPA2-CCMP Mixed Mode enables WPA2-CCMP and WPA-TKIP
clients to operate together on the network. Enabling this option
allows backwards compatibility for clients that support WPA-TKIP
but do not support WPA2-CCMP. Symbol recommends enabling this
feature if WPA-TKIP supported MUs operate within a WLAN
populated by WPA2-CCMP enabled clients.
8. Configure the Fast Roaming (802.1x only) field as required to enable additional AP-5131
roaming and key caching options. This feature is applicable only when using 802.1x EAP
authentication with WPA2/CCMP.
Pre-Authentication
Selecting this option enables an associated MU to carry out an
802.1x authentication with another AP-5131 before it roams to it.
The AP-5131 caches the keying information of the client until it
roams to the other AP-5131. This enables the roaming client to
start sending and receiving data sooner by not having to do 802.1x
authentication after it roams. This feature is only supported when
802.1x EAP authentication is enabled.
9. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the WPA2/CCMP Settings field of
the New Security Policy screen.
Configuring Access Point Security
10. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the WPA2/CCMP Settings field
and return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved configuration.
6.10 Configuring Firewall Settings
The AP-5131's firewall is a set of related programs located in the gateway on the WAN side of the
AP-5131. The firewall uses a collection of filters to screen information packets for known types of
system attacks. Some of the AP-5131's filters are continuously enabled, others are configurable.
Use the AP-5131’s Firewall screen to enable or disable the configurable firewall filters. Enable each
filter for maximum security. Disable a filter if the corresponding attack does not seem a threat in order
to reduce processor overhead. Use the WLAN Security screens (WEP, Kerberos etc.) as required for
setting user authentication and data encryption parameters.
To configure the AP-5131 firewall settings:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Firewall from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the Global Firewall Disable field to enable or disable the AP-5131 firewall.
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Disable Firewall
Select the Disable Firewall checkbox to disable all firewall
functions on the AP-5131. This includes firewall filters, NAT, VPN,
content filtering, and subnet access. Disabling the AP-5131
firewall makes the AP-5131 vulnerable to data attacks and is not
recommended during normal operation if using the WAN port.
3. Refer to the Timeout Configuration field to define a timeout interval to terminate IP address
translations.
NAT Timeout
Network Address Translation (NAT) converts an IP address in one
network to a different IP address or set of IP addresses in a
different network. Set a NAT Timeout interval (in minutes) the
AP-5131 uses to terminate the IP address translation process if a
response no translation activity is detected after the specified
interval.
4. Refer to the Configurable Firewall Filters field to set the following firewall filters:
SYN Flood Attack
Check
A SYN flood attack requests a connection and then fails to
promptly acknowledge a destination host's response, leaving the
destination host vulnerable to a flood of connection requests.
Source Routing
Check
A source routing attack specifies an exact route for a packet's
travel through a network, while exploiting the use of an
intermediate host to gain access to a private host.
Winnuke Attack
Check
A "Win-nuking" attack uses the IP address of a destination host to
send junk packets to its receiving port.
FTP Bounce Attack
Check
An FTP bounce attack uses the PORT command in FTP mode to gain
access to arbitrary ports on machines other than the originating
client.
IP Unaligned
Timestamp Check
An IP unaligned timestamp attack uses a frame with the IP
timestamp option, where the timestamp is not aligned on a 32-bit
boundary.
Sequence Number
Prediction Check
A sequence number prediction attack establishes a three-way TCP
connection with a forged source address. The attacker guesses the
sequence number of the destination host response.
Mime Flood Attack
Check
A MIME flood attack uses an improperly formatted MIME header
in "sendmail" to cause a buffer overflow on the destination host.
Configuring Access Point Security
Max Header Length Use the Max Header Length field to set the maximum allowable
header length (at least 256 bytes).
Max Headers
Use the Max Headers field to set the maximum number of
headers allowed (12)
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Firewall screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Firewall screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.10.1 Configuring LAN to WAN Access
The AP-5131 LAN can be configured to communicate with the WAN side of the AP-5131. Use the LAN
to WAN Access screen to allow/deny access to the AP-5131 WAN protocols, specify names and
properties for existing protocols and enable pre-configured protocols (FTP, TFTP, Telnet ect.).
To configure AP-5131 subnet access:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Firewall -> LAN to WAN Access from the AP-5131
menu tree.
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2. Configure the LAN to WAN Access screen as required to allow or deny access to selected
(enabled) protocols.
Allow or Deny all
protocols, except
Use the drop-down menu to select either Allow or Deny. The
selected setting applies to all protocols except those with enabled
checkboxes and any traffic that is added to the table. For example,
if the adoption rule is to Deny access to all protocols except those
listed, access is allowed only to those selected protocols.
Add
Click Add to create a new table entry.
Del (Delete)
Click Del (Delete) to remove a selected list entry.
Name
Specify a name for a newly configured protocol.
Transport
Select a protocol from the drop-down menu. For a detailed
description of the protocols available, see Available Protocols on
page 6-30.
Start Port
Enter the starting port number for a range of ports. If the protocol
uses a single port, enter that port in this field.
Configuring Access Point Security
End Port
Enter the ending port number for a port range. If the protocol uses
a single port, leave the field blank. A new entry might use Web
Traffic for its name, TCP for its protocol, and 80 for its port number.
Pre configured Rules
The following protocols are preconfigured with the AP-5131. To
enable a protocol, check the box next to the protocol name.
• HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol is the protocol for
transferring files on the Web. HTTP is an application protocol
running on top of the TCP/IP suite of protocols, the
foundation protocols for the Internet. The HTTP protocol uses
TCP port 80.
• TELNET - TELNET is the terminal emulation protocol of TCP/
IP. TELNET uses TCP to achieve a virtual connection between
server and client, then negotiates options on both sides of
the connection. TELNET uses TCP port 23.
• FTP - File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is an application protocol
using the Internet's TCP/IP protocols. FTP provides an
efficient way to exchange files between computers on the
Internet. FTP uses TCP port 21.
• SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is a TCP/IP protocol
for sending and receiving email. Due to its limited ability to
queue messages at the receiving end, SMTP is often used
with POP3 or IMAP. SMTP sends the email, and POP3 or
IMAP receives the email. SMTP uses TCP port 25.
• POP - Post Office Protocol is a TCP/IP protocol intended to
permit a workstation to dynamically access a maildrop on a
server host. A workstation uses POP3 to retrieve email that
the server is holding for it.
• DNS - Domain Name Service protocol searches for
resources using a database distributed among different
name servers.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the LAN to WAN Access screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the LAN to WAN Access screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
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6.10.1.1 Available Protocols
Protocols that are not pre-configured can be specified using the drop down list within the Transport
column within the LAN to WAN Access and Advanced Subnet Access screens. They include:
•
•
•
•
•
ALL - Enables all of the protocol options displayed in the drop-down menu (as described
below).
TCP - Transmission Control Protocol is a set of rules for sending data as message units over
the Internet. TCP manages individual data packets. Messages are divided into packets for
efficient routing through the Internet.
UDP - User Datagram Protocol is used for broadcasting data over the Internet. Like TCP, UDP
runs on top of Internet Protocol (IP) networks. Unlike TCP/IP, UDP/IP provides few error
recovery services. UDP offers a way to directly connect, and then send and receive
datagrams over an IP network.
ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol is tightly integrated with IP. ICMP messages are
used for out-of-band messages related to network operation. ICMP packet delivery is
unreliable. Hosts cannot count on receiving ICMP packets for a network problem.
AH - Authentication Header is one of the two key components of IP Security Protocol (IPsec).
The other key component is Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP).
AH provides authentication, proving the packet sender really is the sender, and the data
really is the data sent. AH can be used in transport mode, providing security between two
end points. Also, AH can be used in tunnel mode, providing security like that of a Virtual
Private Network (VPN).
•
•
ESP - Encapsulating Security Protocol is one of two key components of IP Security Protocol
(IPsec). The other key component is Authentication Header (AH). ESP encrypts the packets
and provides authentication services. ESP can be used in transport mode, providing security
between two end points. ESP can also be used in tunnel mode, providing security like that
of a Virtual Private Network (VPN).
GRE - General Routing Encapsulation supports VPNs across the Internet. GRE is a
mechanism for encapsulating network layer protocols over any other network layer protocol.
Such encapsulation allows routing of IP packets between private IP networks across an
Internet using globally assigned IP addresses.
6.10.2 Configuring Advanced LAN Access
Use the Advanced LAN Access screen to configure complex access rules and filtering based on
source port, destination port, and transport protocol. To enable advanced subnet access, the subnet
Configuring Access Point Security
access rules must be overridden. However, the Advanced LAN Access screen allows you to import
existing subnet access rules into the advanced subnet access rules.
To configure AP-5131 advanced LAN access:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Firewall -> Advanced LAN Access from the AP-5131
menu tree.
2. Configure the Settings field as needed to override the settings in the LAN to WAN Access
screen and import firewall rules into the Advanced LAN Access screen.
Override LAN to WAN Select this checkbox to enable advanced subnet access rules and
Access settings
disable existing subnet access rules, port forwarding, and 1 to
many mappings from the system. Only enable advanced subnet
access rules if your configuration requires rules that cannot be
configured within the LAN to WAN Access screen.
Import rules from LAN Select this checkbox to import existing access rules (NAT, packet
to WAN Access
forwarding, VPN rules etc.) into the Firewall Rules field. This rule
import overrides any existing rules configured in the Advanced
Subnet Access screen. A warning box displays stating the
operation cannot be undone.
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3. Configure the Firewall Rules field as required add, insert or delete firewall rules into the
list of advanced rules.
Inbound or Outbound
Select Inbound or Outbound from the drop-down menu to specify
if a firewall rule is intended for inbound traffic to an interface or
outbound traffic from that interface.
Add
Click the Add button to insert a new rule at the bottom of the table.
Click on a row to display a new window with configuration options
for that field.
Insert
Click the Insert button to insert a new rule directly above a
selected rule in the table. Clicking on a field in the row displays a
new window with configuration options.
Del (Delete)
Click Del to remove the selected rule from the table. The index
numbers for all the rows below the deleted row decrease by 1.
Move Up
Clicking the Move Up button moves the selected rule up by one
row in the table. The index numbers for the affected rows adjust to
reflect the new order.
Move Down
Clicking the Move Down button moves the selected rule down by
one row in the table. The index numbers for the affected rows
adjust to reflect the new order.
Index
The index number determines the order firewall rules are executed.
Rules are executed from the lowest number to the highest number.
Source IP
The Source IP range defines the origin address or address range
for the firewall rule. To configure the Source IP range, click on the
field. A new window displays for entering the IP address and range.
Destination IP
The Destination IP range determines the target address or
address range for the firewall rule. To configure the Destination IP
range, click on the field. A new window displays for entering the IP
address and range.
Transport
Select a protocol from the drop-down list. For a detailed description
of the protocols available, see Available Protocols on page 6-30.
Configuring Access Point Security
Src. Ports (Source
Ports)
The source port range determines which ports the firewall rule
applies to on the source IP address. Click on the field to configure
the source port range. A new window displays to enter the starting
and ending port ranges. For rules where only a single port is
necessary, enter the same port in the start and end port fields.
Dst. Ports (Destination The destination port range determines which ports the firewall rule
Ports
applies to on the destination IP address. Click on the field to
configure the source port range. A new window displays to enter
the starting and ending ports in the range. For rules where only a
single port is necessary, enter the same port in the start and end
port fields.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Advanced LAN Access screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Advanced LAN Access screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.11 Configuring VPN Tunnels
The AP-5131 allows up to 25 VPN tunnels to either a VPN endpoint or to another AP-5131. VPN
tunnels allow all traffic on a local subnet to route securely through a IPSEC tunnel to a private
network. A VPN port is a virtual port which handles tunneled traffic.
When connecting to another site using a VPN, the traffic is encrypted so if anyone intercepts the
traffic, they cannot see what it is unless they can break the encryption. The traffic is encrypted from
your computer through the network to the VPN. At that point the traffic is un-encrypted.
Use the VPN screen to add and remove VPN tunnels. To configure an existing VPN tunnel, select it
from the list in the VPN Tunnels field. The selected tunnel’s configuration displays in a VPN Tunnel
Config field.
To configure a VPN tunnel on the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the AP-5131 menu tree.
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2. Use the VPN Tunnels field to add or delete a tunnel to the list of available tunnels, list
tunnel network address information and display key exchange information for each tunnel.
Add
Click Add to add a VPN tunnel to the list. To configure a specific
tunnel, select it from the list and use the parameters within the
VPN Tunnel Config field to set its properties.
Del
Click Del to delete a highlighted VPN tunnel. There is no
confirmation before deleting the tunnel.
Tunnel Name
The Tunnel Name column lists the name of each VPN tunnel on
the AP-5131.
Remote Subnet
The Remote Subnet column lists the remote subnet mask for each
tunnel. The remote subnet mask is the subnet setting for the
remote network the tunnel connects to.
Remote Gateway
The Remote Gateways column lists a remote gateway IP address
for each tunnel. The numeric remote gateway is the gateway IP
address on the remote network the VPN tunnel connects to. Ensure
the address is the same as the WAN port address of the target
gateway AP or switch.
Configuring Access Point Security
Key Exchange Type
The Key Exchange Type column lists the key exchange type for
passing keys between both ends of a VPN tunnel. If Manual Key
Exchange is selected, this column displays Manual. If Auto (IKE)
Key Exchange is selected, the field displays Automatic.
3. If a VPN tunnel has been added to the list of available AP-5131 tunnels, use the VPN Tunnel
Config field to optionally modify the tunnel’s properties.
Default Gateway
Displays the WAN interface's default gateway IP address.
Tunnel Name
Enter a name to define the VPN tunnel. The tunnel name is used to
uniquely identify each tunnel. Select a name best suited to that
tunnel’s function so it can be selected again in the future if required
in a similar application.
Local WAN IP
Enter the WAN’s numerical (non-DNS) IP address in order for the
tunnel to pass traffic to a remote network.
Remote Subnet
Specify the numerical (non-DNS) IP address for the Remote Subnet.
Remote Subnet Mask Enter the subnet mask for the tunnel’s remote network for the
tunnel. The remote subnet mask is the subnet setting for the
remote network the tunnel connects to.
Remote Gateway
Enter a numerical (non-DNS) remote gateway IP address for the
tunnel. The remote gateway IP address is the gateway address on
the remote network the VPN tunnel connects to.
Remote Subnet Mask Enter a numerical (non-DNS) remote gateway IP address for the
tunnel. The remote gateway IP address is the gateway address on
the remote network the VPN tunnel connects to.
Manual Key Exchange Selecting Manual Key Exchange requires you to manually enter
keys for AH and or ESP encryption and authentication. Click the
Manual Key Settings button to configure the settings.
Manual Key Settings
Select Manual Key Exchange and click the Manual Key
Settings button to open a screen where AH authentication and
ESP encryption/authentication can be configured and keys entered.
For more information, see Configuring Manual Key Settings on
page 6-36.
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Auto (IKE) Key
Exchange
Select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange checkbox to configure AH and/
or ESP without having to manually enter keys. The keys
automatically generate and rotate for the authentication and
encryption type selected.
Auto Key Settings
Select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange checkbox, and click the Auto
Key Settings button to open a screen where AH authentication
and ESP encryption/authentication can be configured. For more
information, see Configuring Auto Key Settings on page 6-40.
IKE Settings
After selecting Auto (IKE) Key Exchange, click the IKE Settings
button to open a screen where IKE specific settings can be
configured. For more information, see Configuring IKE Key Settings
on page 6-42.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the VPN screen as well as changes made to the Auto
Key Settings, IKE Settings and Manual Key Settings screens. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the VPN, Auto Key Settings, IKE Settings and Manual Key Settings
screens to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.11.1 Configuring Manual Key Settings
A transform set is a combination of security protocols and algorithms applied to IPSec protected
traffic. During security association (SA) negotiation, both gateways agree to use a particular
transform set to protect data flow.
A transform set specifies one or two IPSec security protocols (either AH, ESP, or both) and specifies
the algorithms to use for the selected security protocol. If you specify an ESP protocol in a transform
set, specify just an ESP encryption transform or both an ESP encryption transform and an ESP
authentication transform.
When the particular transform set is used during negotiations for IPSec SAs, the entire transform set
(the combination of protocols, algorithms, and other settings) must match a transform set at the
remote end of the gateway.
Use the Manual Key Settings screen to specify the transform sets used for VPN access.
Configuring Access Point Security
To configure manual key settings for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the VPN Tunnel Config field, select the Manual Key Exchange checkbox and
click the Manual Key Settings button.
3. Configure the Manual Key Settings screen to modify the following:
AH Authentication
AH provides data authentication and anti-replay services for the
VPN tunnel. Select the required authentication method from the
drop-down menu:
• None - Disables AH authentication. The rest of the fields are
not active.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm requiring
128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1, requiring 160-bit
(40-character hexadecimal) keys.
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Inbound AH
Authentication Key
Configure a key for computing the integrity check on inbound traffic
with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be 32/40
hexadecimal (0-9, A-E) characters in length. The key value must
match the corresponding outbound key on the remote security
gateway.
Outbound AH
Authentication Key
Configure a key for computing the integrity check on outbound
traffic with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be
32/40 hexadecimal (0-9, A-E) characters in length. The key value
must match the corresponding inbound key on the remote security
gateway.
Inbound SPI (Hex)
Enter an eight-character hexadecimal value to identify the inbound
security association created by the AH algorithm. The value must
match the corresponding outbound SPI value configured on the
remote security gateway.
Outbound SPI (Hex)
Provide an eight-character hexadecimal value to identify the
outbound security association created by the AH algorithm. The
value must match the corresponding inbound SPI value configured
on the remote security gateway.
ESP Type
ESP provides packet encryption, optional data authentication and
anti-replay services for the VPN tunnel. Use the drop-down menu
to select the ESP type. Options include:
• None - Disables ESP. The rest of the fields are not be active.
• ESP - Enables ESP for the tunnel.
• ESP with Authentication - Enables ESP with authentication.
Configuring Access Point Security
ESP Encryption
Algorithm
Select the encryption and authentication algorithms for the VPN
tunnel using the drop-down menu.
• DES - Uses the DES encryption algorithm requiring 64-bit
(16-character hexadecimal) keys.
• 3DES - Uses the 3DES encryption algorithm requiring 192-bit
(64-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 128-bit: - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 192-bit: - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 192-bit (48-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 256-bit: - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 256-bit (64-character hexadecimal) keys.
• Inbound ESP Encryption Key
Inbound ESP
Encryption Key
Enter a key for inbound traffic. The length of the key is determined
by the selected encryption algorithm. The key must match the
outbound key at the remote gateway.
Outbound ESP
Encryption Key
Define a key for outbound traffic. The length of the key is
determined by the selected encryption algorithm. The key must
match the inbound key at the remote gateway.
ESP Authentication
Algorithm
Select the authentication algorithm to use with ESP. This option is
available only when ESP with Authentication was selected for
the ESP type. Options include:
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm, which
requires 128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1, which requires
160-bit (40-character hexadecimal) keys.
Inbound ESP
Authentication Key
Define a key for computing the integrity check on the inbound
traffic with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be
32/40 hexadecimal (0-9, A-E) characters in length. The key must
match the corresponding outbound key on the remote security
gateway.
Outbound ESP
Authentication Key
Enter a key for computing the integrity check on outbound traffic
with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be 32/40
hexadecimal (0-9, A-E) characters in length. The key must match
the corresponding inbound key on the remote security gateway.
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Inbound SPI (Hex)
Define an eight-character hexadecimal value identify the inbound
security association created by the encryption algorithm. The value
must match the corresponding outbound SPI value configured on
the remote security gateway.
Outbound SPI (Hex)
Enter an eight-character hexadecimal value to identify the
outbound security association created by the encryption algorithm.
The value must match the corresponding inbound SPI value
configured on the remote security gateway.
The Inbound and Outbound SPI settings are required to be interpolated to function correctly.
For example:
AP1 Inbound SPI = 800
AP1 Outbound SPI = 801
AP2 Inbound SPI = 801
AP2 Outbound SPI = 800
4. Click Ok to return to the VPN screen. Click Apply to retain the settings made on the Manual
Key Settings screen.
5. Click Cancel to return to the VPN screen without retaining the changes made to the
Manual Key Settings screen.
6.11.2 Configuring Auto Key Settings
The AP-5131’s Network Management System can automatically set encryption and authentication
keys for VPN access. Use the Auto Key Settings screen to specify the type of encryption and
authentication, without specifying the keys. To manually specify keys, cancel out of the Auto Key
Settings screen, select the Manual Key Exchange radio button, and set the keys within the
Manual Key Setting screen.
To configure auto key settings for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the VPN Tunnel Config field, select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange checkbox and
click the Auto Key Settings button.
Configuring Access Point Security
3. Configure the Auto Key Settings screen to modify the following:
Use Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Forward secrecy is a key-establishment protocol guaranteeing the
discovery of a session key or long-term private key does not
compromise the keys of other sessions. Select Yes to enable
Perfect Forward Secrecy. Select No to disable Perfect Forward
Secrecy.
AH Authentication
AH provides data authentication and anti-replay services for the
VPN tunnel. Select the desired authentication method from the
drop-down menu.
• None - Disables AH authentication and the rest of the fields
in this area are not active.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm, requiring
128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1, requiring 160-bit
(40-character hexadecimal) keys.
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ESP Type
ESP provides packet encryption, optional data authentication and
anti-replay services for the VPN tunnel. Use the drop-down menu
to select the ESP type.
• None - Disables ESP. The rest of the fields are not active.
• ESP - Enables ESP for this tunnel.
• ESP with Authentication - Enables ESP with authentication.
ESP Encryption
Algorithm
Use this menu to select the encryption and authentication
algorithms for this VPN tunnel.
• DES - Selects the DES algorithm requiring 64-bit (16character hexadecimal) keys.
• 3DES - Selects the 3DES algorithm requiring 192-bit (64character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 128-bit: - Selects the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 192-bit: - Selects the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 192-bit (48-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 256-bit: - Selects the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 256-bit (64-character hexadecimal) keys.
ESP Authentication
Algorithm
Use this menu to select the authentication algorithm to be used
with ESP. This menu is only active when ESP with Authentication
was selected for the ESP type.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm requiring
128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1 requiring 160-bit
(40-character hexadecimal) keys.
4. Click Ok to return to the VPN screen. Click Apply to retain the settings made on the Auto
Key Settings screen.
5. Click Cancel to return to the VPN screen without retaining the changes made to this screen.
6.11.3 Configuring IKE Key Settings
The Internet Key Exchange (IKE) is an IPsec standard protocol used to ensure security for VPN
negotiation and remote host or network access. IKE provides an automatic means of negotiation and
authentication for communication between two or more parties. In essence, IKE manages IPSec keys
automatically for the parties.
Configuring Access Point Security
To configure IKE key settings for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the VPN Tunnel Config field, select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange checkbox and
click the IKE Settings button.
3. Configure the IKE Key Settings screen to modify the following:
Operation Mode
The Phase I protocols of IKE are based on the ISAKMP identityprotection and aggressive exchanges. IKE main mode refers to the
identity-protection exchange, and IKE aggressive mode refers to
the aggressive exchange.
• Main - Standard IKE mode for communication and key
exchange.
• Aggressive - Aggressive mode is faster, but less secure than
Main mode. Identities are not encrypted unless public key
encryption is used. The authentication method cannot be
negotiated if the initiator chooses public key encryption
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Local ID Type
Select the type of ID to be used for the AP-5131 end of the SA.
• IP - Select IP if the local ID type is the IP address specified
as part of the tunnel.
• FQDN - Use FQDN if the local ID is a fully qualified domain
name (such as sj.symbol.com).
• UFQDN - Select UFQDN if the local ID is a user fully-qualified
domain name (such as johndoe@symbol.com).
Local ID Data
Specify the FQDN or UFQDN based on the Local ID type assigned.
Remote ID Type
Select the type of ID to be used for the AP-5131 end of the tunnel
from the Remote ID Type drop-down menu.
• IP - Select the IP option if the local ID type is the IP address
specified as part of the tunnel.
• FQDN - Select FQDN if the local ID type is a fully qualified
domain name (such as sj.symbol.com). The setting for this
field does not have to be fully qualified, however it must
match the setting for the Certificate Authority.
• UFQDN - Select this item if the local ID type is a user
unqualified domain name (such as johndoe@symbol.com).
The setting for this field does not have to be unqualified, it
just must match the setting of the field of the Certificate
Authority.
Remote ID Data
If FQDN or UFQDN is selected, specify the data (either the qualified
domain name or the user name) in the Remote ID Data field.
IKE Authentication
Mode
Select the appropriate IKE authentication mode:
• Pre-Shared Key (PSK) - Specify an authenticating algorithm
and passcode used during authentication.
• RSA Certificates - Select this option to use RSA certificates
for authentication purposes. See the CA Certificates and Self
certificates screens to create and import certificates into the
system.
• Digital Signature Standard (DSS) - Select DDS to use DSS
certificates as the authentication mode.
Configuring Access Point Security
IKE Authentication
Algorithm
IKE provides data authentication and anti-replay services for the
VPN tunnel. Select an authentication methods from the drop-down
menu.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm requiring
128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1 requiring 160-bit
(40-character hexadecimal) keys.
IKE Authentication
Passphrase
If you selected Pre-Shared Key as the authentication mode, you
must provide a key. If MD5 is the selected authentication
algorithm, provide a 32-character hexadecimal key. If SHA1 is the
selected algorithm, provide a 40-character hexadecimal key.
IKE Encryption
Algorithm
Select the encryption and authentication algorithms for the VPN
tunnel from the drop-down menu.
• DES - Uses the DES encryption algorithm requiring 64-bit
(16-character hexadecimal) keys.
• 3DES - Enables the 3DES encryption algorithm requiring 192bit (64-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 128-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 192-bit - Enables the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 192-bit (48-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 256-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 256-bit (64-character hexadecimal) keys.
Key Lifetime
The number of seconds the key is valid. At the end of the lifetime,
the key is renegotiated.
The AP-5131 forces renegotiation every 3600 seconds. There is no
way to change the renegotiation value. If the IKE Lifetime is greater
than 3600, the keys still get renegotiated every 3600 seconds.
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Diffie Hellman Group
Select a Diffie-Hellman Group to use. The Diffie-Hellman key
agreement protocol allows two users to exchange a secret key over
an insecure medium without any prior secrets. Two algorithms
exist, one 768-bit and one 1024-bit algorithm. Select one of the
following options:
• Group 1 - 768 bit - Somewhat faster than the 1024-bit
algorithm, but secure enough in most situations.
• Group 2 - 1024 bit - Somewhat slower than the 768-bit
algorithm, but much more secure and a better choice for
extremely sensitive situations.
4. Click Ok to return to the VPN screen. Click Apply to retain the settings made on the IKE
Settings screen.
5. Click Cancel to return to the VPN screen without retaining the changes made to the IKE
Settings screen.
6.11.4 Viewing VPN Status
Use the VPN Status screen to display the status of the tunnels configured on the AP-5131 as well
as their lifetime, transmit and receive statistics. The VPN Status screen is read-only with no
configurable parameters. To configure a VPN tunnel, use the VPN configuration screen in the WAN
section of the AP-5131 menu tree.
To view VPN status or the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN -> VPN Status from the AP-5131 menu
tree.
Configuring Access Point Security
2. Reference the Security Associations field to view the following:
Tunnel Name
The Tunnel Name column lists the names of all the tunnels
configured on the AP-5131. Clicking the Tunnel Name title bar
enables you to sort by tunnel name. For information on configuring
a tunnel, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
Status
The Status column lists the status of each configured tunnel.
When the tunnel is not in use, the status reads NOT_ACTIVE.
When the tunnel is connected, the status reads ACTIVE.
Outb SPI
The Outb SPI column displays the outbound Security Parameter
Index (SPI) for each tunnel. The SPI is used locally by the AP-5131
to identify a security association. There are unique outbound and
inbound SPIs.
Inb SPI
The Inb SPI column displays the inbound SPI Security Parameter
Index (SPI) for each of the tunnels. The SPI is used locally by the
AP-5131 to identify a security association. There are unique
outbound and inbound SPIs.
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Life Time
Use the Life Time column to view the lifetime associated with a
particular Security Association (SA). Each SA has a finite lifetime
defined. When the lifetime expires, the SA can no longer be used
to protect data traffic. The maximum SA lifetime is 3600 seconds
(1 hour).
Tx Bytes
The Tx Bytes column lists the amount of data (in bytes)
transmitted through each configured tunnel.
Rx Bytes
Use the Rx Bytes column to view the amount of data (in bytes)
received through each configured tunnel.
Reset VPNs
Click the Reset VPNs button to reset active VPNs. Selecting
Reset VPNs forces renegotiation of all the Security Associations
and keys. The users associated with the Security Associations
could notice a slight pause in network performance.
3. Reference the IKE Summary field to view the following:
Tunnel Name
Displays the name of each of the tunnels configured to use IKE for
automatic key exchange.
IKE State
Lists the state for each of the tunnels configured to use IKE for
automatic key exchange. When the tunnel is not active, the IKE
State field displays NOT_CONNECTED. When the tunnel is
active, the IKE State field displays CONNECTED.
Destination IP
Displays the destination IP address for each tunnel configured to
use IKE for automatic key exchange.
Remaining Life
Lists the remaining life of the current IKE key for each tunnel. When
the remaining life on the IKE key reaches 0, IKE initiates a
negotiation for a new key. IKE keys associated with a renegotiated
tunnel.
4. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.12 Configuring Content Filtering Settings
Content filtering allows system administrators to block specific commands and URL extensions from
going out through the AP-5131 WAN port. Therefore, content filtering affords system administrators
selective control on the content proliferating the network and is a powerful data and network
Configuring Access Point Security
screening tool. Content filtering allows the blocking of up to 10 files or URL extensions and allows
blocking of specific outbound HTTP, SMTP, and FTP requests.
To configure content filtering for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> Content Filtering from the AP-5131 menu
tree.
2. Configure the HTTP field to configure block Web proxies and URL extensions.
Block Outbound HTTP HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP) is the protocol used to transfer
information to and from Web sites. HTTP Blocking allows for
blocking of specific HTTP commands going outbound on the
AP-5131 WAN port. HTTP blocks commands on port 80 only.
The Block Outbound HTTP option allows blocking of the following
(user selectable) outgoing HTTP requests:
• Web Proxy: Blocks the use of Web proxies by clients
• ActiveX: Blocks all outgoing ActiveX requests by clients.
Selecting ActiveX only blocks traffic (scripting language)
with an .ocx extension.
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Block Outbound URL
Extensions
Enter a URL extension or file name per line in the format of
filename.ext. An asterisk (*) can be used as a wildcard in place of
the filename to block all files with a specific extension.
3. Configure the SMTP field to disable or restrict specific kinds of network mail traffic.
Block Outbound SMTP Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) is the Internet standard for
Commands
host-to-host mail transport. SMTP generally operates over TCP on
port 25. SMTP filtering allows the blocking of any or all outgoing
SMTP commands. Check the box next to the command to disable
that command when using SMTP across the AP-5131’s WAN port.
• HELO - (Hello) Identifies the SMTP sender to the SMTP
receiver.
• MAIL- Initiates a mail transaction where data is delivered to
one or more mailboxes on the local server.
• RCPT: (Recipient) Identifies a recipient of mail data.
• DATA - Tells the SMTP receiver to treat the following
information as mail data from the sender.
• QUIT - Tells the receiver to respond with an OK reply and
terminate communication with the sender.
• SEND - Initiates a mail transaction where mail is sent to one
or more remote terminals.
• SAML - (Send and Mail) Initiates a transaction where mail
data is sent to one or more local mailboxes and remote
terminals.
• RESET - Cancels mail transaction and informs the recipient
to discard data sent during transaction.
• VRFY - Asks receiver to confirm the specified argument
identifies a user. If argument does identify a user, the full
name and qualified mailbox is returned.
• EXPN - (Expand) Asks receiver to confirm a specified
argument identifies a mailing list. If the argument identifies
a list, the membership list of the mailing list is returned.
4. Configure the FTP field to block or restrict various FTP traffic on the network.
Configuring Access Point Security
Block Outbound FTP
Actions
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the Internet standard for host-to-host
mail transport. FTP generally operates over TCP port 20 and 21. FTP
filtering allows the blocking of any or all outgoing FTP functions.
Check the box next to the command to disable the command when
using FTP across the AP-5131’s WAN port.
• Storing Files - Blocks the request to transfer files sent from
the client across the AP’s WAN port to the FTP server.
• Retrieving Files: Blocks the request to retrieve files sent from
the FTP server across the AP’s WAN port to the client.
• Directory List: Blocks requests to retrieve a directory listing
sent from the client across the AP’s WAN port to the FTP
server.
• Create Directory: Blocks requests to create directories sent
from the client across the AP’s WAN port to the FTP server.
• Change Directory: Blocks requests to change directories sent
from the client across the AP's WAN port to the FTP server.
• Passive Operation: Blocks passive mode FTP requests sent
from the client across the AP's WAN port to the FTP server.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Content Filtering screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Content Filtering screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.13 Configuring Rogue AP Detection
It is possible that not all of the devices identified by the AP-5131 are operating legitimately within
the AP-5131’s radio coverage area. A rogue AP is a device located nearby an authorized Symbol
AP-5131 but recognized as having properties rendering its operation illegal and threatening to the
AP-5131 and the LAN. Rogue AP detection can be configured independently for both AP-5131 802.11a
and 802.11b/g radios (if using a dual radio sku AP-5131). A rogue detection interval is the userdefined interval the AP-5131 waits to search for rogue APs. Additionally, the AP-5131 does not detect
rogue APs on illegal channels (channels not allowed by the regulatory requirements of the country
the AP-5131 is operating in).
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The rogue detection interval is used in conjunction with Symbol MUs that identify themselves as
rogue detection capable to the AP-5131. The detection interval defines how often the AP-5131
requests these MUs to scan for a rogue AP. A shorter interval can effect the performance of the MU,
but it will also decrease the time it takes for the AP-5131 to scan for a rogue AP. A longer interval will
have less of an impact to the MU’s, but it will increase the amount of time used to detect rogue APs.
Therefore, the interval should be set according to the perceived risk of rogue devices and the
criticality of MU performance.
!
CAUTION Using an antenna other than the Dual-Band Antenna (Part No. ML2452-APA2-01) could render the AP-5131’s Rogue AP Detector Mode
feature inoperable. Contact your Symbol sales associate for specific
information.
To configure Rogue AP detection for the AP-5131:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection from the AP-5131
menu tree.
2. Configure the Detection Method field to set the detection method (MU or AP-5131) and
define the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio to conduct the rogue AP search.
Configuring Access Point Security
RF Scan by MU
Select the RF Scan by MU checkbox to enable MUs to scan for
potential rogue APs within the network. Define an interval in the
Scan Interval field for associated MUs to beacon in an attempt to
locate a rogue AP. Set the interval to a value sooner than the
default if a large volume of device network traffic is anticipated
within the coverage area of the target AP-5131 access point. The
Scan Interval field is not available unless the RF Scan by MU
checkbox is selected. Symbol clients must be associated and have
rogue AP detection enabled.
RF On-Channel
Detection
Select the RF On-Channel Detection checkbox to enable a
single-radio AP-5131 to detect rogue APs on its current (legal)
channel setting.
RF Scan by Detector
Radio
If the AP-5131 supports a dual-radio SKU, select the RF Scan by
Detector Radio checkbox to enable the selected 11a or 11b/g
radio to scan for rogue APs.
3. Use the Rule Management field to restrict Symbol AP’s from Rogue AP detection and create
a list of device MAC addresses and ESSID’s approved for interoperability with the AP-5131.
Authorize Any AP
Select this checkbox to enable all access points with a Symbol
MAC address to interoperate with the AP-5131 conducting a scan
Having Symbol
Defined MAC Address for rogue devices.
Add
Click Add to display a single set of editable MAC address and ESS
address values.
Del (Delete)
Click the Delete button to remove the highlighted line from the
Rule Management field. The MAC and ESS address information
previously defined is no longer applicable unless the previous
configuration is restored.
Delete All
Click the Delete All button to remove all entries from the Rule
Management field. All MAC and ESS address information
previously defined is no longer applicable unless the previous
configuration is restored.
Any MAC
Select the Any MAC checkbox to prevent a device’s MAC address
(whether it is a known device MAC address or not) from being
considered a rogue device.
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MAC Address
Click Add, and enter the device MAC address to be excluded from
classification as a rogue device.
Any ESSid
Select the Any ESSid checkbox to prevent a device’s ESSid
(whether it is a known device ESSid or not) from being considered
a rogue device
ESSID
Click Add, and enter the name of a device ESSid to be excluded
from classification as a rogue device.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Rogue AP Detection screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Rogue AP Detection screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.13.1 Moving Rogue APs to the Allowed AP List
The AP-5131 Active APs screen enables the user to view the list of detected rogue APs and, if
necessary, select and move an AP into a list of allowed devices. This is helpful when the settings
defined within the Rogue AP Detection screen inadvertently detect and define a device as a rogue
AP.
To move detected rogue APs into a list of allowed APs:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection -> Active APs from
the AP-5131 menu tree.
Configuring Access Point Security
The Active APs screen displays with detected rogue devices displayed within the Rogue
APs table.
2. Enter a value (in minutes) in the Allowed APs Age Out Time field to indicate the number of
elapsed minutes before an AP will be removed from the approved list and reevaluated. A
zero (0) for this value (default value) indicates an AP can remain on the approved AP list
permanently.
3. Enter a value (in minutes) in the Rogue APs Age Out Time field to indicate the number of
elapsed minutes before an AP will be removed from the rogue AP list and reevaluated. A
zero (0) for this value (default value) indicates an AP can remain on the rogue AP list
permanently.
4. Highlight an AP from within the Rogue APs table and click the Add to Allowed APs List
button to move the device into the list of Allowed APs.
5. Click the Add All to Allowed APs List button to move each of the APs displayed within the
Rogue APs table to the list of allowed APs.
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6. Highlight a rogue AP and click the Details button to display a screen with device and
detection information specific to that rogue device. This information is helpful in
determining if a rogue AP should be moved to the Allowed APs table.
For more information on the displaying information on detected rogue APs, see Displaying
Rogue AP Details on page 6-56.
7. Click Apply to save any changes to the Active APs screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
8. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Active APs screen to the last saved configuration.
9. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
6.13.1.1 Displaying Rogue AP Details
Before moving a rogue AP into the list of allowed APs within the Active APs screen, the device
address and rogue detection information for that AP should be evaluated.
To evaluate the properties of a rogue AP:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection -> Active APs from
the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Highlight a target rogue AP from within Rogue APs table and click the Details button.
Configuring Access Point Security
The Detail screen displays for the rogue AP.
3. Refer to the Rogue AP Detail field for the following information:
BSSID/MAC
Displays the MAC address of the rogue AP. This information could
be useful if the MAC address is determined to be a Symbol MAC
address and the device is interpreted as non-hostile and the device
should be defined as an allowed AP.
ESSID
Displays the ESSID of the rogue AP. This information could be
useful if the ESSID is determined to be non-hostile and the device
should be defined as an allowed AP.
RSSI
Shows the Relative Signal Strength (RSSI) of the rogue AP. Use this
information to assess how close the rogue AP is. The higher the
RSSI, the closer the rogue AP. If multiple AP-5131’s have detected
the same rogue AP, RSSI can be useful in triangulating the location
of the rogue AP.
4. Refer to the Rogue Detector Detail field for the following information:
Finder’s MAC
The MAC address of the AP-5131 detecting the rogue AP.
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Detection Method
Displays the RF Scan by MU, RF On-Channel Detection or RF
Scan by Detector Radio method selected from the Rogue AP
screen to detect rogue devices. For information on detection
methods, see Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-51.
First Heard
(days:hrs:min)
Defines the time in (days:hrs:min) that the rogue AP was initially
heard by the detecting AP.
Last Heard
(days:hrs:min)
Defines the time in (days:hrs:min) that the rogue AP was last heard
by the detecting AP.
Channel
Displays the channel the rogue AP is using.
5. Click OK to securely exit the Detail screen and return to the Active APs screen.
6. Click Cancel (if necessary) to undo any changes made and return to the Active APs screen.
6.13.2 Using MUs to Detect Rogue Devices
The AP-5131 can use an associated MU that has its rogue AP detection feature enabled to scan for
rogue APs. Once detected, the rogue AP(s) can be moved to the list of allowed devices (if appropriate)
within the Active APs screen. When adding an MU’s detection capabilities with the AP-5131’s own
rogue AP detection functionality, the rogue detection area can be significantly extended.
To use associated rogue AP enabled MUs to scan for rogue APs:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection -> MU Scan from
the AP-5131 menu tree.
The On Demand MU Scan screen displays with associated MUs with rogue AP detection
enabled
Configuring Access Point Security
2. Highlight an MU from within the Rogue AP enabled MUs field and click the scan button.
The target MU begins scanning for rogue devices using the detection parameters defined
within the Rogue AP Detection screen. To modify the detection parameters, see Configuring
Rogue AP Detection on page 6-51.
Those devices detected as rogue APs display within the Scan Result table. Use the
displayed AP MAC, ESSID and RSSI values to determine the device listed in the table is truly
a rogue device or one inadvertently detected as a rogue AP.
3. If necessary, highlight an individual MU from within the Scan Result field and click the Add
to Allowed AP List button to move the AP into the Allowed APs table within the Active
APs screen.
4. Additionally, if necessary, click the Add All to Allowed APs List button to move every
device within the Scan Result table into the Allowed APs table within the Active APs
screen. Only use this option if you are sure all of the devices detected and displayed within
the Scan Results table are non-hostile APs.
5. Highlight a different MU from the Rogue AP enabled MUs field as needed to scan for
additional rogue APs.
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6. Click Logout to return to the Rogue AP Detection screen.
Monitoring Statistics
The AP-5131 has functionality to display robust transmit and receive statistics for its WAN and LAN
port. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) stats can also be displayed collectively for each enabled
WLAN as well as individually for up to 16 specific WLANs.
Transmit and receive statistics can also be displayed for the AP-5131’s 802.11a and 802.11b/g radios.
An advanced radio statistics page is also available to display retry histograms for specific data packet
retry information.
Associated MU stats can be displayed collectively for associated MUs and individually for specific
MUs. An echo (ping) test is also available to ping specific MUs to assess the strength of the AP
association.
Finally, the AP-5131 can detect and display the properties of other APs detected within the AP-5131
radio coverage area. The type of AP detected can be displayed as well as the properties of individual
APs.
See the following sections for more details on viewing statistics for the AP-5131:
•
Viewing WAN Statistics
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
•
•
•
•
Viewing LAN Statistics
Viewing Wireless Statistics
Viewing Radio Statistics Summary
Viewing MU Statistics Summary
Viewing Known Access Point Statistics
7.1 Viewing WAN Statistics
Use the AP-5131 WAN Stats screen to view real-time statistics for monitoring the AP-5131 activity
through its Wide Area Network (WAN) port.
The Information field of the WAN Stats screen displays basic WAN information, generated from
settings on the WAN screen. The Received and Transmitted fields display statistics for the
cumulative packets, bytes, and errors received and transmitted through the WAN interface since it
was last enabled or the AP was last rebooted. The AP-5131 WAN Stats screen is view-only with no
configurable data fields.
To view AP-5131 WAN Statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> WAN Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the Information field to reference the following AP-5131 WAN data:
Status
The Status field displays Enabled if the WAN interface is enabled
on the WAN screen. If the WAN interface is disabled on the WAN
screen, the WAN Stats screen displays no connection information
and statistics. To enable the WAN connection, see Configuring
WAN Settings on page 5-13
HW Address
The Media Access Control (MAC) address of the AP-5131 WAN
port. The WAN port MAC address is hard coded at the factory and
cannot be changed.
IP Addresses
The displayed Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for the AP-5131
WAN port.
Mask
The Mask field displays the subnet mask number for the
AP-5131’s WAN connection. This value is set on the WAN screen.
Refer to Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-13 to change the
subnet mask.
Link
The Link field displays Up if the WAN connection is active
between the AP-5131 and network, and Down if the WAN
connection is interrupted or lost. Use this information to assess the
current connection status of the WAN port.
Speed
The WAN connection speed is displayed in Megabits per second
(Mbps), for example, 54Mbps. If the throughput speed is not
achieved, examine the number of transmit and receive errors, or
consider increasing the supported data rate. To change the data
rate of the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio, see Configuring the 802.11a
or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
3. Refer to the Received field to reference data received over the AP-5131 WAN port.
RX Packets
RX packets are data packets received over the WAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN interface
was last enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted.
RX Bytes
RX bytes are bytes of information received over the WAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN interface
was last enabled or the AP -5131 was last restarted. To restart the
AP-5131 to begin a new data collection, see Configuring System
Settings on page 4-2.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
RX Errors
RX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and frame
errors on inbound traffic. The number of RX errors is a total of RX
Dropped, RX Overruns and RX Carrier errors. Use this information
to determine performance quality of the current WAN connection.
RX Dropped
The RX Dropped field displays the number of data packets that fail
to reach the WAN interface. If this number appears excessive,
consider a new connection to the device.
RX Overruns
RX overruns are buffer overruns on the WAN connection. RX
overruns occur when packets are received faster than the WAN
port can handle them. If RX overruns are excessive, consider
reducing the data rate, for more information, see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
RX Frame
The RX Frame field displays the number of TCP/IP data frame
errors received.
4. Refer to the Transmitted field to reference data received over the AP-5131 WAN port.
TX Packets
TX packets are data packets sent over the WAN connection. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN interface
was last enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted. To begin a
new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
TX Bytes
TX bytes are bytes of information sent over the WAN connection.
The displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN
interface was last enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted. To
begin a new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on
page 4-2.
TX Errors
TX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and carrier
errors on outbound traffic. The displayed number of TX errors is the
total of TX Dropped, TX Overruns and TX Carrier errors. Use this
information to re-assess AP-5131 location and transmit speed.
TX Dropped
The TX Dropped field displays the number of data packets that fail
to get sent from the WAN interface.
TX Overruns
TX overruns are buffer overruns on the WAN connection. TX
overruns occur when packets are sent faster than the WAN
interface can handle. If TX overruns are excessive, consider
reducing the data rate, for more information, see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Monitoring Statistics
TX Carrier
The TX Carrier field displays the number of TCP/IP data carrier
errors.
5. Click the Clear WAN Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections. The RX/TX Packets and RX/TX Bytes totals remain at
their present values and are not cleared.
Do not clear the WAN stats if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing
all data calculations to that point.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.2 Viewing LAN Statistics
Use the LAN Stats screen to monitor the activity of the AP-5131 LAN connection. The Information
field of the LAN Stats screen displays network traffic information as monitored over the AP-5131 LAN
port. The Received and Transmitted fields of the screen display statistics for the cumulative
packets, bytes, and errors received and transmitted over the LAN port since it was last enabled or the
AP-5131 was last restarted. The LAN Stats screen is view-only with no user configurable data fields.
To view AP-5131 LAN connection stats:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> LAN Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Refer to the Information field to view the following AP-5131 device address information:
HW Address
The Media Access Control (MAC) address of the AP-5131. The
MAC address is hard coded at the factory and cannot be changed.
IP Address
The Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for the AP-5131 LAN port.
3. Refer to the Received field to view data received over the AP-5131 LAN port.
RX Packets
RX packets are data packets received over the AP-5131 LAN port.
The number is a cumulative total since the LAN connection was
last enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted. To begin a new
data collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
RX Bytes
RX bytes are bytes of information received over the LAN port. The
value is a cumulative total since the LAN connection was last
enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted. To begin a new data
collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
RX Errors
RX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and frame
errors on inbound traffic. The number of RX errors is a total of RX
Dropped, RX Overruns and RX Carrier errors. Use this information
to determine performance quality of the current LAN connection.
Monitoring Statistics
RX Dropped
The RX Dropped field displays the number of data packets failing
to reach the LAN port. If this number appears excessive, consider a
new connection to the device.
RX Overruns
RX overruns are buffer overruns on the AP-5131 LAN port. RX
overruns occur when packets are received faster than the LAN
connection can handle them. If RX overruns are excessive, consider
reducing the data rate, for more information, see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
RX Frame
The RX Frame field displays the number of TCP/IP data frame
errors received.
4. Refer to the Transmitted field to view statistics transmitted over the AP-5131 LAN port.
TX Packets
TX packets are data packets sent over the AP-5131 LAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the LAN connection
was last enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted. To begin a
new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
TX Bytes
TX bytes are bytes of information sent over the LAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the LAN Connection
was last enabled or the AP-5131 was last restarted. To begin a
new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
TX Errors
TX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and carrier
errors on outbound traffic. The displayed number of TX errors is a
total of TX Dropped, TX Overruns and TX Carrier errors. Use this
information to re-assess AP location and transmit speed.
TX Dropped
The TX Dropped field displays the number of data packets that fail
to get sent from the AP-5131 LAN port.
TX Overruns
TX overruns are buffer overruns on the LAN port. TX overruns occur
when packets are sent faster than the LAN connection can handle.
If TX overruns are excessive, consider reducing the data rate, for
more information, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio
on page 5-38.
TX Carrier
The TX Carrier field displays the number of TCP/IP data carrier
errors.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
5. Click the Clear LAN Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections. The RX/TX Packets and RX/TX Bytes totals remain at
their present values and are not cleared.
6. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. There will
be a prompt confirming logout before the applet is closed.
7.3 Viewing Wireless Statistics
Use the WLAN Stats Summary screen to view overview statistics for active (enabled) WLANs on
the AP-5131. The WLAN Summary field displays basic information such as number of Mobile Units
(MUs) and total throughput for each of the active WLANs. The Total RF Traffic section displays basic
throughput information for all RF activity on the AP-5131. The WLAN Stats Summary screen is viewonly with no user configurable data fields.
If a WLAN is not displayed within the Wireless Stats Summary screen, see Enabling Wireless LANs
(WLANs) on page 5-22 to enable the WLAN. For information on configuring the properties of individual
WLANs, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
To view AP-5131 WLAN Statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Wireless Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the WLAN Summary field to reference high-level data for each enabled WLAN.
Name
Displays the names of all the enabled WLANs on the AP-5131. For
information on enabling a WLAN, see Enabling Wireless LANs
(WLANs) on page 5-22.
MUs
Displays the total number of MUs currently associated with each
enabled WLAN. Use this information to assess if the MUs are
properly grouped by function within each enabled WLAN. To adjust
the maximum number of MUs permissible per WLAN, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each active WLAN.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each active WLAN displayed.
% NU
Displays a percentage of the total packets for each active WLAN
that are non-unicast. Non-unicast packets include broadcast and
multicast packets.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet. An excessive
number could indicate possible network or hardware problems.
Clear All WLAN Stats Click this button to reset each of the data collection counters to
zero in order to begin new data collections.
Do not clear the WLAN stats if currently in an important data
gathering activity or risk losing all data calculations to that point.
3. Refer to the Total AP RF Traffic field to view throughput information for the AP-5131 and
WLAN.
Total pkts per second
Displays the average number of RF packets sent per second across
all active WLANs on the AP-5131. The number in black represents
packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
total pkts per second for the last hour.
Total bits per second
Displays the average bits sent per second across all active WLANs
on the AP.-5131 The number in black displays this statistic for the
last 30 seconds and the number in blue displays this statistic for
the last hour.
Total associated MUs Displays the current number of MUs associated with the active
WLANs on the AP-5131. If the number is excessive, reduce the
maximum number of MUs that can associate with the AP-5131, for
more information, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page
5-24.
Clear all RF Stats
Click the Clear all RF Stats button to reset statistic counters for
each WLAN, and the Total AP RF totals to 0. Do not clear RF stats
if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing all
data calculations to that point.
4. Click the Clear RF Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in order
to begin new data collections.
5. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt
displays confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.3.1 Viewing WLAN Statistics
Use the WLAN Stats screen to view detailed statistics for individual WLANs.The WLAN Stats
screen is separated into four fields; Information, Traffic, RF Status, and Errors. The Information field
displays basic information such as number of associated Mobile Units, ESSID and security
Monitoring Statistics
information. The Traffic field displays statistics on RF traffic and throughput. The RF Status field
displays information on RF signal averages from the associated MUs. The Error field displays RF
traffic errors based on retries, dropped packets, and undecryptable packets. The WLAN Stats screen
is view-only with no user configurable data fields.
To view statistics for an individual WLAN:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Wireless Stats -> WLANx Stats (x = target WLAN) from
the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the Information field to view specific WLAN address, MU and security scheme
information for the WLAN selected from the AP-5131 menu tree.
ESSID
Displays the Extended Service Set ID (ESSID) for the target WLAN.
Radio/s
Displays the name of the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio the target
WLAN is using for AP-5131 transmissions.
Authentication Type
Displays the authentication type (802.1x EAP or Kerberos) defined
for the WLAN. If the authentication type does not match the
desired scheme for the WLAN or needs to be enabled, see Enabling
Authentication and Encryption Schemes on page 6-5.
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Encryption Type
Displays the encryption method defined for the WLAN. If the
encryption type does not match the desired scheme for the WLAN
or needs to be enabled, see Enabling Authentication and
Encryption Schemes on page 6-5.
Num. Associated MUs Displays the total number of MUs currently associated with the
WLAN. If this number seems excessive, consider segregating MU’s
to other WLANs if appropriate.
3. Refer to the Traffic field to view performance and throughput information for the WLAN
selected from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Pkts per second
The Total column displays the average total packets per second
crossing the selected WLAN. The Rx column displays the average
total packets per second received on the selected WLAN. The Tx
column displays the average total packets per second sent on the
selected WLAN. The number in black represents this statistic for
the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents this statistic
for the last hour.
Throughput
The Total column displays average throughput in Mbps for a given
time period on the selected WLAN. The Rx column displays
average throughput in Mbps for packets received on the selected
WLAN. The Tx column displays average throughput for packets
sent on the selected WLAN. The number in black represents
statistics for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
statistics for the last hour. Use this information to assess whether
the current AP-5131 data rate is sufficient to support required
network traffic.
Avg. Bit Speed
The Total column displays the average bit speed in Mbps for a
given time period on the selected WLAN.This includes all packets
that are sent and received. The number in black represents
statistics for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
statistics for the last hour. If the bit speed is significantly slower
than the selected data rate, refer to the RF Statistics and Errors
fields to troubleshoot.
% Non-unicast pkts
Displays the percentage of the total packets that are non-unicast.
Non-unicast packets include broadcast and multicast packets.The
number in black represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents packets for the last hour.
Monitoring Statistics
4. Refer to the RF Status field to view the following MU signal, noise and performance
information for the WLAN selected from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Avg MU Signal
Displays the average RF signal strength in dBm for all MUs
associated with the selected WLAN. The number in black
represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents this statistic for the last hour. If the signal is low,
consider mapping the MU to a different WLAN if a better functional
grouping of MUs can be determined.
Avg MU Noise
Displays the average RF noise for all MUs associated with the
selected WLAN. The number in black represents MU noise for the
last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents MU noise for the
last hour. If MU noise is excessive, consider moving the MU closer
to the AP-5131, or in area with less conflicting network traffic.
Avg MU SNR
Displays the average Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for all MUs
associated with the selected WLAN. The Signal to Noise Ratio is
an indication of overall RF performance on your wireless networks.
5. Refer to the Errors field to view MU association error statistics for the WLAN selected from
the AP-5131 menu tree.
Avg Num of Retries
Displays the average number of retries for all MUs associated with
the selected WLAN. The number in black represents average
retries for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
average retries for the last hour.
Dropped Packets
Displays the percentage of packets which the AP gave up on for all
MUs associated with the selected WLAN. The number in black
represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
% of Undecryptable
Pkts
Displays the percentage of undecryptable packets for all MUs
associated with the selected WLAN. The number in black
represents undecryptable pkts for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents undecryptable pkts for the last hour.
NOTE The Apply and Undo Changes buttons are not available on the WLAN
Statistics screen as this screen is view only with no configurable data
fields.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
6. Click the Clear WLAN Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections.
Do not clear the WLAN stats if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing
all data calculations to that point.
7. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt
displays confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.4 Viewing Radio Statistics Summary
Select the Radio Stats Summary screen to view high-level information (radio name, type, number
of associated MUs, etc.) for the radio(s) enabled on an AP-5131. Individual radio statistics can be
displayed as well by selecting a specific radio from within the AP-5131 menu tree.
To view high-level AP-5131 radio statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Radio Summary from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Refer to the Radio Summary field to reference AP-5131 radio information.
Monitoring Statistics
Type
MUs
Displays the type of radio (either 802.11a or 802.11b/g) currently
deployed by the AP-5131. To configure the radio type, see Setting
the WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-36.
Displays the total number of MUs currently associated with each
AP-5131 radio.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each AP-5131 radio listed. To adjust the data rate for a specific
radio, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 538.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each AP-5131 radio.
RF Util
Displays the approximate RF Utilization for each AP-5131 radio
% NU
Displays the percentage of the total packets that are non-unicast.
Non-unicast packets include broadcast and multicast packets.
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet on each radio. A
high number could indicate network or hardware problems.
3. Click the Clear All Radio Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero
in order to begin new data collections.
Do not clear the radio stats if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing
all data calculations to that point.
For information on viewing radio statistics particular to the AP-5131 radio type displayed
within the AP Stats Summary screen, see Viewing Radio Statistics on page 7-15.
4. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet.
7.4.1 Viewing Radio Statistics
Refer to the Radio Stats screen to view detailed information for the AP-5131 radio (either 802.11a
or 802.11b/g) displayed within the Radio Summary screen. There are four fields within the screen.
The Information field displays device address and location information, as well as channel and
power information. The Traffic field displays statistics for cumulative packets, bytes, and errors
received and transmitted. The Traffic field does not add retry information to the stats displayed. Refer
to the RF Status field for an average MU signal, noise and signal to noise ratio information. Finally,
the Errors field displays retry information as well as data transmissions the AP-5131 radio either
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
dropped or could not decrypt. The information within the 802.11a Radio Statistics screen is view-only
with no configurable data fields.
To view detailed radio statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Radio Summary -> Radio Statistics from the AP-5131
menu tree.
2. Refer to the Information field to view the AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio’s MAC
address, placement and transmission information.
HW Address
The Media Access Control (MAC) address of the AP-5131 housing
the 802.11a radio. The MAC address is set at the factory and can
be found on the bottom of the AP.
Radio Type
Displays the radio type (either 802.11a or 802.11b/g).
Power
The power level in milliwatts (mW) for RF signal strength. To
change the power setting for the radio, see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Adopted by
Lists the AP-5131 WLANs adopted by the 802.11a or 802.11b/g
radio.
Monitoring Statistics
Placement
Lists whether the AP-5131 radio is indoors or outdoors. To change
the placement setting, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g
Radio on page 5-38.
Current Channel
Indicates the channel for communications between the AP-5131
radio and its associated MUs. To change the channel setting, see
Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Num Associated MUs Lists the number of mobile units (MUs) currently associated with
the AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio.
3. Refer to the Traffic field to view performance and throughput information for the target
AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio.
Pkts per second
The Total column displays the average total packets per second
crossing the radio. The Rx column displays the average total
packets per second received. The Tx column displays the average
total packets per second transmitted. The number in black
represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
Throughput
The Total column displays average throughput on the radio. The Rx
column displays average throughput in Mbps for packets received.
The Tx column displays average throughput for packets
transmitted. The number in black represents statistics for the last
30 seconds and the number in blue represents statistics for the last
hour. Use this information to assess whether the current
throughput is sufficient to support required network traffic.
Avg. Bit Speed
The Total column displays the average bit speed in Mbps for the
radio This includes all packets transmitted and received. The
number in black represents statistics for the last 30 seconds and
the number in blue represents statistics for the last hour.
Approximate RF
Utilization
The approximate RF utilization of the AP-5131 radio. This value is
calculated as throughput divided by average bit speed. The number
in black represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
% Non-unicast pkts
Displays the percentage of total radio packets that are non-unicast.
Non-unicast packets include broadcast and multicast packets.The
number in black represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents packets for the last hour.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4. Refer to the RF Status field to view the following MU signal, noise and performance
information for the target AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio.
Avg MU Signal
Avg MU Noise
Displays the average RF signal strength in dBm for all MUs
associated with the radio. The number in black represents the
average signal for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue
represents the average signal for the last hour. If the signal is low,
consider mapping the MU to a different WLAN, if a better
functional grouping of MUs can be determined.
Displays the average RF noise for all MUs associated with the
AP-5131 radio. The number in black represents MU noise for the
last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents MU noise for the
last hour. If MU noise is excessive, consider moving the MU closer
to the AP-5131, or in area with less conflicting network traffic.
Avg MU SNR
Displays the average Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for all MUs
associated with the AP-5131 radio. The Signal to Noise Ratio is an
indication of overall RF performance on your wireless network.
5. Refer to the Errors field to reference retry information as well as data transmissions the
target AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11 b/g radio either gave up on could not decrypt.
Avg Num. of Retries
Displays the average number of retries for all MUs associated with
the AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio. The number in black
represents retries for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue
represents retries for the last hour.
Dropped Packets
Displays the percentage of packets the AP gave up on for all MUs
associated with the AP-5131 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio. The
number in black represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and
the number in blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
% of Undecryptable
Pkts
Displays the percentage of undecryptable packets for all MUs
associated with the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio. The number in
black represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents packets for the last hour.
6. Click the Clear Radio Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections.
7. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet.
Monitoring Statistics
7.4.1.1 Retry Histogram
Refer to the Retry Histrogram screen for an overview of the retries transmitted by an AP-5131 radio
and whether those retries contained any data packets. Use this information in combination with the
error fields within a Radio Stats screen to assess overall radio performance.
To display a Retry Histogram screen for an AP-5131 radio:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Radio Summary -> Radio Statistics -> Retry
Histogram from the AP-5131 menu tree.
A Radio Histogram screen is available for each AP-5131 radio (regardless of single or dualradio model).
The table’s first column shows 0 under Retries. The value under the Packets column
directly to the right shows the number of packets transmitted by this AP-5131 radio that
required 0 retries (delivered on the first attempt). As you go down the table you can see the
number of packets requiring 1 retry, 2 retries etc. Use this information to assess whether an
abundance of retries warrants reconfiguring the AP-5131 radio to achieve better
performance.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Histogram screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking Apply results in changes to the screens being lost.
3. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made to the screen. Undo Changes
reverts the settings to the last saved configuration.
4. Click Logout to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.5 Viewing MU Statistics Summary
Use the MU Stats Summary screen to display overview statistics for mobile units (MUs) associated
with the AP-5131. The MU List field displays basic information such as IP Address and total
throughput for each associated MU. The MU Stats screen is view-only with no user configurable data
fields. However, individual MUs can be selected from within the MU Stats Summary screen to either
ping to assess interoperability or display authentication statistics.
To view AP-5131 overview statistics for all of the MUs associated to the AP-5131:
1. Select Status and Statistics - > MU Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the MU List field to reference associated MU address, throughput and retry
information.
IP Address
Displays the IP address of each of the associated MU.
MAC Address
Displays the MAC address of each of the associated MU.
WLAN
Displays the WLAN name each MU is interoperating with.
Radio
Displays the name of the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio each MU is
associated with.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each associated MU.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each associated MU.
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet. A high number
retries could indicate possible network or hardware problems.
3. Click the Refresh button to update the data collections displayed without resetting the data
collections to zero.
4. Click the Echo Test button to display a screen for verifying the link with an associated MU.
For detailed information on conducting a ping test for an MUs, see Pinging Individual MUs
on page 7-24.
NOTE An echo test initiated from the AP-5131 MU Stats Summary screen uses
WNMP pings. Therefore, target clients that are not Symbol MUs are
unable to respond to the echo test.
5. Click the MU Authentication Statistics button to display a screen with detailed
authentication statistics for the an MU.
For information on individual MU authentication statistics, see MU Authentication Statistics
on page 7-25.
6. Click the MU Details button to display a screen with detailed statistics for a selected MU.
For detailed information on individual MU authentication statistics, see Viewing MU Details
on page 7-22.
7. Click the Clear All MU Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt
displays confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.5.1 Viewing MU Details
Use the MU Details screen to display throughput, signal strength and transmit error information for
a specific MU associated with the AP-5131.
The MU Details screen is separated into four fields; MU Properties, MU Traffic, MU Signal, and MU
Errors. The MU Properties field displays basic information such as hardware address, IP address,
and associated WLAN and AP. Reference the MU Traffic field for MU RF traffic and throughput data.
Use the RF Status field to reference information on RF signal averages from the target MU. The Error
field displays RF traffic errors based on retries, dropped packets and undecryptable packets. The MU
Details screen is view-only with no user configurable data fields.
To view details specific to an individual MU:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select Status and Statistics -> MU Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
Highlight a specific MU.
Select the MU Details button.
Refer to the MU Properties field to view MU address information.
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the MU.
WLAN Association
Displays the name of the WLAN the MU is associated with. Use
this information to assess whether the MU is properly grouped
within that specific WLAN.
PSP State
Displays the current PSP state of the MU. The PSP Mode field has
two potential settings. PSP indicates the MU is operating in Power
Save Protocol mode. In PSP, the MU runs enough power to check
for beacons and is otherwise inactive. CAM indicates the MU is
continuously aware of all radio traffic. Symbol recommends CAM
for those MUs transmitting with the AP frequently and for periods
of time of two hours.
HW Address
Displays the Media Access Control (MAC) address for the MU.
Radio Association
Displays the name of the AP MU is currently associated with. If the
name of the AP-5131 requires modification, see Configuring
System Settings on page 4-2.
Monitoring Statistics
Voice MU
Displays whether or not the mobile unit is a voice capable device.
Such devices include Netvision and Spectralink IP phones. Traffic
from voice MUs is handled differently than traffic from MUs
without this capability. MUs grouped to particular WLANs can be
prioritized to transmit and receive voice traffic over data traffic. For
more information, see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS)
Policy on page 5-31.
Encryption
Displays the encryption scheme deployed by the associated MU.
5. Refer to the Traffic field to view individual MU RF throughput information.
Packets per second
The Total column displays average total packets per second
crossing the MU. The Rx column displays the average total packets
per second received on the MU. The Tx column displays the
average total packets per second sent on the MU. The number in
black represents Pkts per second for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents Pkts per second for the last hour.
Throughput
The Total column displays the average total packets per second
crossing the selected MU. The Rx column displays the average
total packets per second received on the MU. The Tx column
displays the average total packets per second sent on the MU. The
number in black represents throughput for the last 30 seconds, the
number in blue represents throughput for the last hour.
Avg. Bit Speed
The Total column displays the average bit speed in Mbps for a
given time period on the MU. This includes all packets sent and
received. The number in black represents average bit speed for the
last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents average bit
speed for the last hour. Consider increasing the data rate of the AP
if the current bit speed does not meet network requirements. For
more information, see Configuring the 802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio
on page 5-38. The associated MU must also be set to the higher
rate to interoperate with the AP-5131 at that data rate.
% of Non-unicast pkts Displays the percentage of the total packets for the selected
mobile unit that are non-unicast. Non-unicast packets include
broadcast and multicast packets. The number in black represents
packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
packets for the last hour.
6. Refer to the RF Status field to view MU signal and signal disturbance information.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Avg MU Signal
Displays RF signal strength in dBm for the target MU. The number
in black represents signal information for the last 30 seconds and
the number in blue represents signal information for the last hour.
Avg MU Noise
Displays RF noise for the target MU. The number in black
represents noise for the last 30 seconds, the number in blue
represents noise for the last hour.
Avg MU SNR
Displays the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for the target MU. The
Signal to Noise Ratio is an indication of overall RF performance on
your wireless network.
7. Refer to the Errors field to view MU retry information and statistics on packets not
transmitted.
Avg Num of Retries
Displays the average number of retries for the MU. The number in
black represents average retries for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents average retries for the last hour.
Dropped Packets
Displays the percentage of packets the AP gave up as not received
on for the selected MU. The number in black represents the
percentage of packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents the percentage of packets for the last hour.
% of Undecryptable
Pkts
Displays the percentage of undecryptable packets for the MU. The
number in black represents the percentage of undecryptable
packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
the percentage of undecryptable packets for the last hour.
8. Click OK to exit the screen.
7.5.2 Pinging Individual MUs
The AP-5131 can verify its link with an MU by sending WNMP ping packets to the associated MU.
Use the Echo Test screen to specify a target MU and configure the parameters of the ping test.
NOTE An echo test initiated from the AP-5131 MU Stats Summary screen uses
WNMP pings. Therefore, target clients that are not Symbol MUs are
unable to respond to the echo test.
Monitoring Statistics
To ping a specific MU to assess its connection with an AP-5131:
1. Select Status and Statistics - > MU Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Select the Echo Test button from within the MU Stats Summary screen
3. Specify the following ping test parameters.
Station Address
The IP address of the target MU. Refer to the MU Stats Summary
screen for associated MU IP address information.
Number of ping
Specify the number of ping packets to transmit to the target MU.
The default is 100.
Packet Length
Specify the length of each data packet transmitted to the target
MU during the ping test. The default is 100 bytes.
Packet Data
Defines the data to be transmitted as part of the test.
4. Click the Ping button to begin transmitting ping packets to the station address specified.
Refer to the Number of Responses parameter to assess the number of responses from the
target MU versus the number of pings transmitted by the AP-5131. Use the ratio of packets
sent versus packets received to assess the link quality between MU and the AP-5131
Click the Ok button to exit the Echo Test screen and return to the MU Stats Summary screen.
7.5.3 MU Authentication Statistics
The AP-5131 can access and display authentication statistics for individual MUs.
To view AP-5131 authentication statistics for a specific MU:
1. Select Status and Statistics - > MU Stats from the AP-5131 menu tree.
2. Highlight a target MU from within the MU List field.
3. Click the MU Authentication Statistics button
Use the displayed statistics to determine if the target MU would be better served with a
different AP-5131 WLAN or AP-5131 radio.
4. Click Ok to return to the MU Stats Summary screen.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
7.6 Viewing Known Access Point Statistics
The AP-5131 has the capability of detecting and displaying the properties of other access points (both
Symbol and those from other manufacturers) located within its coverage area. Detected AP-5131’s
transmit a WNMP message indicating their channel, IP address, firmware version, etc. This
information is used to create a known AP list. The list has field indicating the properties of the access
point discovered.
To view detected access point statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Known AP from the AP-5131 menu tree.
The Known AP Statistics screen displays the following information:
IP Address
The network-assigned Internet Protocol address of the located AP.
MAC Address
The unique 48-bit, hard-coded Media Access Control address,
known as the devices station identifier. This value is hard coded at
the factory by the manufacturer and cannot be changed.
MUs
The number MUs associated with the located AP-5131.
Monitoring Statistics
KBIOS
The data traffic handled by the located AP-5131 in kilobytes (both
transmitted and received) per second.
Unit Name
Displays the name assigned to the AP-5131 using the System
Settings screen. For information on changing the unit name, see
Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
2. Click the Clear Known AP Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero
in order to begin new data collections.
3. Click the Details button to display AP address and radio information.
4. Click the Ping button to display a screen for verifying the link with a highlighted Symbol
access point.
5. Click the Send Cfg to APs button to send the your AP-5131’s configuration to other AP5131’s with same ESSID. Recipient AP-5131 must be the same single or dual-radio model as
the AP-5131 sending the configuration. The sending and recipient AP-5131’s must also be
running the same major firmware version (i.e., 1.0 to 1.0).
NOTE A ping test initiated from the AP-5131 Known AP Statistics screen uses
WNMP pings. Therefore, target devices that are not Symbol access points
are unable to respond to the ping test.
6. Click the Start Flash button to flash the LEDs of other AP-5131s detected and displayed
within the Known AP Statistics screen.
Use the Start Flash button to determine the location of the devices displayed within the
Known AP Statistics screen. When an AP-5131 is highlighted and the Start Flash button is
selected, the LEDs on the selected AP-5131 flash. When the Stop Flash button is selected,
the LEDs on the selected AP-5131 go back to normal operation.
7. Click the Logout button to securely exit the AP-5131 Symbol Access Point applet. A prompt
displays confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7-27
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Command Line Interface Reference
The AP-5131 Command Line Interface (CLI) is accessed through the serial port or a Telnet session. The
AP-5131 CLI follows the same conventions as the Web-based user interface. The CLI does, however,
provide an “escape sequence” to provide diagnostics for problem identification and resolution.
The AP-5131 CLI treats the following as invalid characters:
|
"
&
,
\
'
<
>
In order to avoid problems when using the AP-5131 CLI, these characters should be avoided.
8.1 Connecting to the CLI
8.1.1 Accessing the CLI through the Serial Port
To connect to the AP-5131 CLI through the serial port:
1. Connect one end of a null modem serial cable to the AP-5131’s serial connector.
2. Attach the other end of the null modem serial cable to the serial port of a PC running
HyperTerminal or a similar emulation program.
3. Set the HyperTerminal program to use 19200 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, no flow
control, and auto-detect for terminal emulation.
4. Press <ESC> or <Enter> to enter into the CLI.
5. Enter the default username of admin and the default password of symbol. If this is your first
time logging into the AP-5131, you are unable to access any of the AP-5131’s commands until
the country code is set. A new password will also need to be created.
8-2 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.1.2 Accessing the CLI via Telnet
To connect to the AP-5131 CLI through a Telnet connection:
1. Telnet into the AP-5131 using an IP address of 192.168.0.1
2. Enter the default username of admin and the default password of symbol. If this is your first time logging into the AP-5131,
you are unable to access any of the AP-5131’s commands until the country code is set. A new password will also need to be
created.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-3
8.2 Admin and Common Commands
AP5131>admin>
Description:
Displays admin configuration options. The items available under this command are shown below.
Syntax:
admin
help
passwd
summary
network
system
stats
..
/
save
quit
Accesses admin configuration. This requires an administration login.
Displays general user interface help.
Changes the admin password.
Shows a system summary containing network address information (IP address, network mask, DHCP mode, default
gateway and WLAN information) for the AP-5131.
Goes to the network submenu
Goes to the system submenu.
Goes to the stats submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-4 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin>
Description:
Displays admin configuration options.
Syntax:
admin
Accesses admin configuration. Admin configuration requires an administration login.
Example:
admin>admin
Admin Password:******
Command Line Interface Reference 8-5
AP5131>admin>help
Description:
Displays general CLI user interface help.
Syntax:
help
Displays command line help using combinations of function keys for navigation.
Example:
admin>help
?
* Restriction of “?”:
: display command help - Eg. ?, show ?, s?
: “?” after a function argument is treated
: as an argument
: Eg. admin<network.lan> set lan enable?
: (Here “?” is an invalid extra argument,
: because it is after the argument
: “enable”)
<ctrl-q>
: go backwards in command history
<ctrl-p>
: go forwards in command history
* Note
: 1) commands can be incomplete
: - Eg. sh = sho = show
: 2) “//” introduces a comment and gets no
: resposne from CLI.
admin>
8-6 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin>passwd
Description:
Changes the password for the admin login.
Syntax:
passwd
Changes the admin password for AP-5131 access. This requires typing the old admin password and entering a new
password and confirming it. Passwords can be up to 11 characters. The AP-5131 CLI treats the following as invalid
characters:
|
"
&
,
\
'
<
>
In order to avoid problems when using the AP-5131 CLI, these characters should be avoided.
Example:
admin>passwd
Old Admin Password:******
New Admin Password:******
Verify Admin Password:******
For information on configuring passwords using the applet (GUI), see Setting Passwords on page 6-3.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-7
AP5131>admin>summary
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s system summary.
Syntax:
summary
Displays a summary of high-level characteristics and settings for the WAN, LAN and WLAN.
Example:
admin>summary
AP-5131 firmware version
1.0.0.0-xxx
country code
us
serial number
00A0F8716A74
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WLAN Name
ESSID
Radio
VLAN
Security Policy
QOS Policy
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Lobby
101
11a
2
Open
Voice
----------------------------------------------------------------------------LAN Interface
IP Address
Network Mask LAN
DHCP Mode
----------------------------------------------------------------------------enable
192.168.0.1
255.255.255.0
server
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WAN Interface
IP Address
Network Mask LAN
Default Gateway
DHCP Client
----------------------------------------------------------------------------enable
157.235.91.63 255.255.255.0
157.235.91.2
enable
For information on displaying a system summary using the applet (GUI), see Basic Device Configuration on page 3-3.
8-8 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin>..
Description:
Displays the parent menu of the current menu.
This command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to move up one level in the
directory structure.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>..
admin(network)>
Command Line Interface Reference 8-9
AP5131>admin> /
Description:
Displays the root menu, that is, the top-level CLI menu.
This command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to move up to the top level in the
directory structure.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>/
admin>
8-10 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin>save
Description:
Saves the configuration to system flash.
The save command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to save the current
configuration.
Syntax:
save
Saves configuration settings. The save command works at all levels of the CLI. The save command must be issued before
leaving the CLI for updated settings to be retained.
Example:
admin>save
admin>
Command Line Interface Reference 8-11
AP5131>admin>quit
Description:
Exits the command line interface session and terminates the session.
The quit command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to exit out of the CLI. Once
the quit command is executed, the login prompt displays again.
Example:
admin>quit
8-12 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3 Network Commands
AP5131>admin(network)>
Description:
Displays the network submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
lan
wan
wireless
firewall
router
..
/
save
quit
Goes to the LAN submenu.
Goes to the WAN submenu.
Goes to the Wireless Configuration submenu.
Goes to the firewall submenu.
Goes to the router submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-13
8.3.1 Network LAN Commands
AP5131>admin(network.lan)>
Description:
Displays the LAN submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
vlan
dhcp
type-filter
..
/
save
quit
Shows current AP-5131 LAN port parameters.
Sets LAN parameters.
Defines LAN VLAN configuration values.
Goes to the LAN DHCP submenu.
Goes to the type-filter submenu to specify data types allowed or denied access to the AP-5131 WLAN traffic
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the AP-5131’s LAN configuration options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-14 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 LAN settings.
Syntax:
show
Shows the settings for the AP-5131 LAN interface.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>show
LAN Interface
: enable
LAN Timeout
: 45 sec.
802.11q Trunking
: disable
802.1x Port Authentication:
Username
: admin
Password
: ********
LAN IP mode
: DHCP server
IP Address
: 192.168.0.1
Network Mask
: 255.255.255.255
Default Gateway
: 192.168.0.1
Domain Name
:
Primary DNS Server
: 192.168.0.1
Secondary DNS Server
: 192.168.0.2
WINS Server
: 192.168.0.254
admin(network.lan)>
For information on displaying LAN information using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-15
AP5131>admin(network.lan)> set
Description:
Sets the LAN parameters for the LAN port.
Syntax:
set
lan
timeout
<mode>
<seconds>
trunking <mode>
username <name>
passwd
ip-mode
ipadr
mask
dgw
domain
dns
<password>
<ip>
<ip>
<ip>
<ip>
<name>
<ip>
wins
<ip>
Enables or disables the AP-5131 LAN interface.
Sets the interval (in seconds) the AP-5131 uses to terminate its LAN interface
if no activity is detected for the specified interval.
Enables or disables 802.11q Trunking over the AP-5131 LAN port.
Specifies the user name for 802.1x port authentication over the LAN
interface.
The 0-32 character password for the username for the 802.1x port.
Defines the AP-5131 LAN port IP mode.
Sets the IP address used by the LAN port.
Defines the IP address used for AP-5131 LAN port network mask.
Sets the Gateway IP address used by the LAN port.
Specifies the domain name used by the AP-5131 LAN port.
Defines the IP address of the primary and secondary DNS servers used by the
LAN port.
Defines the IP address of the WINS server used by the LAN port.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>
admin(network.lan)>set lan enable
admin(network.lan)>set timeout 45
admin(network.lan)>set trunking disable
admin(network.lan)>set dns 1 192.168.0.1
admin(network.lan)>set dns 2 192.168.0.2
admin(network.lan)>set wins 192.168.0.254
admin(network.lan)>set trunking disable
admin(network.lan)>set username phil
admin(network.lan)>set passwd ea0258c1
Related Commands:
show
Shows the current settings for the AP-5131 LAN port.
For information on configuring the AP-5131 LAN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-16 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.1.1 Network LAN, VLAN Commands
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 VLAN submenu.
show
set
create
edit
delete
mapping
..
/
save
quit
Displays the VLAN list currently defined for the AP-5131.
Sets the AP-5131 VLAN configuration.
Creates a new AP-5131 VLAN.
Edits the properties of an existing AP-5131 VLAN.
Deletes a VLAN.
Maps AP-5131 WLANs to VLANs.
Moves to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the session.
For an overview of the AP-5131’s VLAN configuration options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-17
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)> show
Description:
Displays current VLAN parameter settings the AP-5131. These parameters are defined with the set command.
Syntax:
show
name
config
wlan
Displays the existing list of AP-5131 VLAN names.
Shows the target VLAN configuration.
Displays the WLAN summary list.
Example:
admin(network.lan.vlan)>show name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
VLAN ID
VLAN Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1
VLAN_1
2
2
VLAN_2
3
3
VLAN_3
4
4
VLAN_4
admin(network.lan.vlan)>show config
Management VLAN Tag
:1
Native VLAN Tag
:2
WLAN
:Lobby
mapped to VLAN
:VLAN 2
VLAN Mode
:static
admin(network.lan.vlan)>show wlan
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WLAN Name
ESSID
Radio
VLAN
Security Policy
QOS Policy
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Lobby
101
11a
2
Open
Voice
For information on displaying the AP-5131 VLAN screens using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-18 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)> set
Description:
Sets VLAN parameters for the AP-5131.
Syntax:
set mgmt- tag
native-tag
mode
<id>
<id>
Defines the Management VLAN tag (1-4095).
Sets the Native VLAN tag (1-4095).
Sets WLAN VLAN mode (WLAN 1-16) to either dynamic or static.
Example:
admin(network.lan.vlan)>set mgmt-tag 1
admin(network.lan.vlan)>set native-tag 1
admin(network.lan.vlan)>show config
Management VLAN Tag
:1
Native VLAN Tag
:2
WLAN
:Lobby
mapped to VLAN
:2
VLAN Mode
:static
For information on configuring VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-19
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)> create
Description:
Creates a VLAN for the AP-5131.
Syntax:
create
vlan-id
<id>
vlan-name <name>
Defines the VLAN ID (1-4095).
Specifies the name of the VLAN (1-31 characters in length).
Example:
admin(network.lan.vlan)>
admin(network.lan.vlan)>create 5 VLAN-5
For information on creating VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-20 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)> edit
Description:
Modifies a VLAN’s name and ID.
Syntax:
edit
name
id
<name>
<id>
Modifies an exisiting VLAN name (1-31 characters in length)
Modifies an existing VLAN ID (1-4095) characters in length).
For information on editing VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-21
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)> delete
Description:
Deletes a specific VLAN or all VLANs.
Syntax:
delete
< VLAN id> Deletes a specific VLAN ID (1-16).
all
Deletes all defined VLANs.
For information on deleting VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-22 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.vlan)> mapping
Description:
Maps an AP-5131 VLAN to a WLAN.
Syntax:
wlan
<wlan name> <vlan name>
Maps an AP-5131 WLAN to an exisiting VLAN name, and maps an AP-5131 VLAN to an exisiting
WLAN name. All names and IDs are case-sensitive.
For information on mapping VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-23
8.3.1.2 Network LAN, DHCP Commands
AP5131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 DHCP submenu. The items available are displayed below.
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays DHCP parameters.
Sets DHCP parameters.
Adds static DHCP address assignments.
Deletes static DHCP address assignments.
Lists static DHCP address assignments.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the session.
8-24 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> show
Description:
Shows DHCP parameter settings.
Syntax:
show
Displays DHCP parameter settings for the AP-5131. These parameters are defined with the set command.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>show
DHCP Address Assignment Range:
Starting IP Address : 192.168.0.100
Ending IP Address
: 192.168.0.254
Lease Time
: 86400
For information on configuring DHCP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-25
AP5131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> set
Description:
Sets DHCP parameters for the LAN port.
Syntax:
set range
lease
<ip1>
<lease>
<ip2>
Sets the DHCP assignment range from IP address <ip1> to IP address <ip2>.
Sets the DHCP lease time <lease> in seconds (1-999999).
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>set range 192.168.0.100 192.168.0.254
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>set lease 86400
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>show
DHCP Address Assignment Range:
Starting IP Address : 192.168.0.100
Ending IP Address
: 192.168.0.254
Lease Time
: 86400
For information on configuring DHCP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-26 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> add
Description:
Adds static DHCP address assignments.
Syntax:
add
<mac>
<ip>
Adds a reserved static IP address to a MAC address.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>add 00A0F8112233 192.160.24.6
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>add 00A0F1112234 192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
MAC Address
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8112233
192.160.24.6
2
00A0F8112234
192.169.24.7
For information on adding client MAC and IP address information using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Advanced DHCP Server
Settings on page 5-10.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-27
AP5131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> delete
Description:
Deletes static DHCP address assignments.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<idx>
<entry>
all
Deletes the static DHCP address entry <entry>.
Deletes all static DHCP addresses.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
MAC Address
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8112233
10.1.2.4
2
00A0F8102030
10.10.1.2
3
00A0F8112234
10.1.2.3
4
00A0F8112235
192.160.24.6
5
00A0F8112236
192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>delete 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
mac address
ip address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8102030
10.10.1.2
2
00A0F8112234
10.1.2.3
3
00A0F8112235
192.160.24.6
4
00A0F8112236
192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>delete all
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
mac address
ip address
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
For information on deleting client MAC and IP address information using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Advanced DHCP Server
Settings on page 5-10.
8-28 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> list
Description:
Lists static DHCP address assignments.
Syntax:
list
<idx>
Lists the static DHCP address assignments.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
MAC Address
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8112233
10.1.2.4
2
00A0F8102030
10.10.1.2
3
00A0F8112234
10.1.2.3
4
00A0F8112235
192.160.24.6
5
00A0F8112236
192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>
For information on listing client MAC and IP address information using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Advanced DHCP Server
Settings on page 5-10.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-29
8.3.1.3 Network Type Filter Commands
AP5131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 Type Filter submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
set
add
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current Ethernet Type exception list.
Defines Ethernet Type Filter parameters.
Adds an Ethernet Type Filter entry.
Removes an Ethernet Type Filter entry.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-30 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current Ethernet Type Filter configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the existing AP-5131 Type-Filter configuration.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>show
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
8137
For information on displaying the AP-5131’s type filter configuration using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration
on page 5-11.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-31
AP5131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> set
Description:
Defines the AP-5131 Ethernet Type Filter configuration.
Syntax:
set mode
allow or deny
Allows or denies the AP-5131 from processing a specified Ethernet data type.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>set mode allow
For information on configuring the AP-5131’s type filter settings using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on
page 5-11.
8-32 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> add
Description:
Adds an Ethernet Type Filter entry.
Syntax:
add <type>
Adds entered Ethernet Type to list of data types either allowed or denied AP-5131
processing permissions.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>add 2 8137
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>add 3 0806
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>add 4 0800
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>add 5 8782
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>show
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
8137
2
0806
3
0800
4
8782
For information on configuring the AP-5131’s type filter settings using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on
page 5-11.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-33
AP5131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> delete
Description:
Removes an Ethernet Type Filter entry individually or the entire Type Filter list.
Syntax:
delete
<index>
all
Deletes the specified Ethernet Type index entry (1 through 16).
Deletes all Ethernet Type entries currently in list.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>delete 1
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>show
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
0806
2
0800
3
8782
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>delete all
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>show
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
For information on configuring the AP-5131’s type filter settings using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on
page 5-11.
8-34 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.2 Network WAN Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wan)>
Description:
Displays the WAN submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
nat
vpn
app
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131 WAN configuration and the AP-5131’s current PPPoE configuration.
Defines the AP-5131’s WAN and PPPoE configuration.
Displays the NAT submenu, wherein Network Address Translations (NAT) can be defined.
Goes to the VPN submenu, where the AP-5131 VPN tunnel configuration can be set.
Displays the Outbound Content Filtering submenu, where data types can be included/excluded from AP-5131
throughput.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the AP-5131 system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
For an overview of the AP-5131’s WAN configuration options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-13.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-35
AP5131>admin(network.wan)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 WAN port parameters.
Syntax:
show Shows the general IP parameters for the WAN port along with settings for the WAN interface..
Example:
admin(network.wan)>show
WAN Interface
: enable
WAN DHCP Client Mode
: disable
IP address
: 0.0.0.0
Network Mask
: 0.0.0.0
Default Gateway
: 10.10.1.1
Primary DNS Server
: 0.0.0.0
Secondary DNS Server
: 0.0.0.0
WAN IP 2
: disable
WAN IP 3
: disable
WAN IP 4
: disable
WAN IP 5
: disable
WAN IP 6
: disable
WAN IP 7
: disable
WAN IP 8
: disable
PPPoE Mode
: enable
PPPoE User Name
: JohnDoe
PPPoE Password
: *******
PPPoE keepalive mode
: enable
PPPoE Idle Time
: 600
PPPoE Authentication Type
: chap
admin(network.wan)>
For an overview of the AP-5131 WAN configuration options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WAN Settings on page
5-13.
8-36 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan)> set
Description:
Defines the configuration of the AP-5131 WAN port.
Syntax:
set wan
dhcp
ipadr
enable/disable
enable/disable
<indx>
<a.b.c.d>
mask
dgw
dns
<a.b.c.d>
<a.b.c.d>
<indx>
<a.b.c.d>
pppoe
mode
enable/disable
Enables or disables the AP-5131 WAN port.
Enables or disables WAN DHCP Client mode.
Sets up to 8 (using <indx> from 1 to 8) IP addresses <a.b.c.d> for the
AP-5131 WAN interface.
Sets the subnet mask for the AP-5131 WAN interface.
Sets the default gateway IP address to <a.b.c.d>.
Sets the IP address of one or two DNS servers, where <indx> indicates
either the primary (1) or secondary (2) server, and <a.b.c.d> is the IP
address of the server.
Enables or disables PPPoE.
Example:
admin(network.wan)>
admin(network.wan)>set dhcp disable
admin(network.wan)>set ipadr 157.169.22.5
admin(network.wan)>set dgw 157.169.22.1
admin(network.wan)>set dns 1 157.169.22.2
admin(network.wan)>set mask 255.255.255.000
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe mode enable
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe type chap
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe user JohnDoe
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe passwd @#$goodpassword%$#
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe ka enable
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe idle 600
For an overview of the AP-5131 WAN configuration options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WAN Settings on page
5-13.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-37
8.3.2.1 Network WAN NAT Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wan.nat)>
Description:
Displays the NAT submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131’s current NAT parameters for the specified index.
Defines the AP-5131 NAT settings.
Adds NAT entries.
Deletes NAT entries.
Lists NAT entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the AP-5131 NAT configuration options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address
Translation (NAT) Settings on page 5-18.
8-38 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.nat)> show
Description:
Displays AP-5131 NAT parameters.
Syntax:
show
<idx>
Displays AP-5131 NAT parameters for the specified NAT index.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>show 2
WAN IP Mode
: disable
WAN IP Address
: 157.235.91.2
NAT Type
: 1-to-many
1 to 1 Outbound Mappings
: 0.0.0.0
Inbound Mappings
: Port Forwarding
unspecified port forwarding mode
: enable
unspecified port fwd. ip address
: 111.223.222.1
admin(network.wan.nat)>
For an overview of the AP-5131 NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT)
Settings on page 5-18.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-39
AP5131>admin(network.wan.nat)> set
Description:
Sets NAT inbound and outbound parameters.
Syntax:
set type
<index>
ip
<index>
mode
<index>
unspec-ip
<index>
<type>
Sets the type of NAT translation for WAN address index <idx> (1-8) to <type>
(none, 1-to-1, or 1-to-many).
<ip>
Sets NAT IP mapping associated with WAN address <idx> to the specified IP
address <ip>.
enable/disable Enable or disable the AP-5131’s Unspecified Port Forwarding mode for the
designated NAT index.
<ip>
Forward unspecified ports for the defined NAT index to the defined IP address.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>set type 1-to-1
admin(network.wan.nat)>set ip 157.235.91.2
admin(network.wan.nat)>set mode 2 disable
admin(network.wan.nat)>set unspec-ip 2 111.223.222.1
admin(network.wan.nat)>show 2
WAN IP Mode
: disable
WAN IP Address
: 157.235.91.2
NAT Type
: 1-to-many
1 to 1 Outbound Mappings
: LAN
Inbound Mappings
: Port Forwarding
unspecified port forwarding mode
: disable
unspecified port fwd. ip address
: 111.223.222.1
For an overview of the AP-5131 NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT)
Settings on page 5-18.
8-40 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.nat)> add
Description:
Adds NAT entries.
Syntax:
add
<idx>
<name>
<tran>
<port1>
<port2>
<ip>
<dst_port>
Sets an inbound network address translation (NAT) for WAN address <idx>, where <name> is the name of the entry
(1 to 7 characters), <tran> is the transport protocol (one of tcp, udp, icmp, ah, esp, gre, or all), <port1> is the starting
port number in a port range, <port2> is the ending port number in a port range, <ip> is the internal IP address, and
<dst_port> is the (optional) internal translation port.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>add 1 indoors udp 20 29 10.10.2.2
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
prot
start port
end port
internal ip
translation port
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
indoor
udp
20
29
10.10.2.2
0
Related Commands:
delete
list
Deletes one of the inbound NAT entries from the list.
Displays the list of inbound NAT entries.
For an overview of the AP-5131 NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT)
Settings on page 5-18.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-41
AP5131>admin(network.wan.nat)> delete
Description:
Deletes NAT entries.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<idx>
<entry>
all
Deletes a specified NAT index entry <entry> associated with the WAN.
Deletes all NAT entries associated with the WAN.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
prot
start port
end port
internal ip
translation port
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
special tcp
20
21
192.168.42.16
21
admin(network.wan.nat)>delete all
^
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
prot
start port
end port
internal ip
translation port
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Related Commands:
add
list
Adds entries to the list of inbound NAT entries.
Displays the list of inbound NAT entries.
For an overview of the AP-5131 NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT)
Settings on page 5-18.
8-42 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.nat)> list
Description:
Lists AP-5131 NAT entries for the specified index.
Syntax:
list
<idx>
Lists the inbound NAT entries associated with WAN port.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
prot
start port
end port
internal ip
translation port
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
special tcp
20
21
192.168.42.16
21
Related Commands:
1
delete
add
Deletes inbound NAT entries from the list.
Adds entries to the list of inbound NAT entries.
For an overview of the AP-5131 NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT)
Settings on page 5-18.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-43
8.3.2.2 Network WAN, VLAN Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)>
Description:
Displays the VPN submenu. The items available under this command include:
add
set
delete
list
reset
stats
ikestate
..
/
save
quit
Adds VPN tunnel entries.
Sets key exchange parameters.
Deletes VPN tunnel entries.
Lists VPN tunnel entries
Resets all VPN tunnels.
Lists security association status for the VPN tunnels.
Displays an Internet Key Exchange (IKE) summary.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the AP-5131 VPN options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
8-44 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> add
Description:
Adds a VPN tunnel entry.
Syntax:
add <name>
<LWanIP>
<RSubnetIP>
<RSubnetMask
<RGatewayIP>
Creates a tunnel <name> (1 to 13 characters) to gain access through local WAN IP <LWanIP> from the remote subnet
with address <RSubnetIP> and subnet mask <RSubnetMask> using the remote gateway <RGatewayIP>.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>add SJSharkey 209.235.44.31 206.107.22.46 255.255.255.224
206.107.22.1
If tunnel type is Manual, proper SPI values and Keys must be configured after
adding the tunnel
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Manual
192.168.32.2/24
192.168.33.1
192.168.24.198
SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.46/27
255.255.255.224 209.235.44.31
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-45
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> set
Description:
Sets VPN entry parameters.
Syntax:
set type
<name>
<tunnel type>
Sets the tunnel type <name> to Auto or Manual
for the specified tunnel name.
authalgo
<name>
<authalgo>
Sets the authentication algorithm for <name> to
(None, MD5, or SHA1).
authkey
<name>
<dir> <authkey>
Sets the AH authentication key (if type is
Manual) for tunnel <name> with the direction set
to IN or OUT, and the manual authentication key
set to <authkey>. (The key size is 32 hex characters
for MD5, and 40 hex characters for SHA1).
esp-type
<name>
<esptype>
Sets the Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)
type. Options include None, ESP, or ESP-AUTH.
esp-encalgo <name>
<escalgo>
Sets the ESP encryption algorithm. Options include
DES, 3DES, AES128, AES192, or AES256).
esp-enckey <name>
<dir> <enckey>
Sets the Manual Encryption Key in ASCII for tunnel
<name> and direction IN or OUT to the key <esckey>. The size of the key depends on the
encryption algorithm.
- 16 hex characters for DES
- 48 hex characters for 3DES
- 32 hex characters for AES128
- 48 hex characters for AES192
- 64 hex characters for AES256
esp-authalgo <name>
<authalgo>
Sets the ESP authentication algorithm. Options
include MD5 or SHA1.
esp-authkey <name>
<dir> <authkey>
Sets ESP Authentication key <name> either for IN
or OUT direction to <auth-key>, an ASCII string of
hex characters. If authalgo is set to MD5, the
provide 32 hex characters. If authalgo is set to
SHA1, provide 40 hex characters.
spi
<name>
<algo> <dir>
usepfs
<name>
<mode>
<value>
Sets IN(bound) or OUT(bound) for AUTH (Manual
Authentication) or ESP for <name> to <spi> (a hex
value more than 0xFF) <value>.
Enables or disables Perfect Forward Secrecy for
<name>.
8-46 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
salife
<name>
<lifetime>
Defines the name of the tunnnel <name> the
Security Association Life Time <300-65535>
applies to in seconds.
ike
opmode
<name>
<opmode>
Sets the Operation Mode of IKE for <name> to
Main or Aggr(essive).
myidtype
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Local ID type for IKE authentication for
<name> (1 to 13 characters) to <idtype> (IP, FQDN,
or UFQDN).
remidtype
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Remote ID type for IKE authentication for
<name> (1 to 13 characters) to <idtype> (IP, FQDN,
or UFQDN).
myiddata
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Local ID data for IKE authentication for
<name> to <idtype>. This value is not required
when the ID type is set to IP.
remiddata
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Local ID data for IKE authentication for
<name> to <idtype>. This value is not required
when the ID type is set to IP.
authtype
<name>
<authtype>
Sets the IKE Authentication type for <name> to
<authtype> (one of PSK, RSA, or DSS).
authalgo
<name>
<authalgo>
Sets the IKE Authentication Algorithm for <name>
to MD5 or SHA1.
phrase
<name>
<phrase>
Sets the IKE Authentication passphrase for
<name> to <phrase>.
encalgo
<name>
<encalgo>
Sets the IKE Encryption Algorithm for <name> to
<encalgo> (one of DES, 3DES, AES128, AES192,
or AES256).
lifetime
<name>
<lifetime>
Sets the IKE Key life time in seconds for <name> to
<lifetime>.
group
<name>
<group>
Sets the IKE Diffie-Hellman Group for <name> to
either G768 or G1024.
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-47
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> delete
Description:
Deletes VPN tunnel entries.
Syntax:
delete
*
<name>
Deletes all VPN entries.
Deletes VPN entries <name>.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Manual
192.168.32.2/24
192.168.33.1
192.168.24.198
SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.45/27
206.107.22.2
209.235.12.55
admin(network.wan.vpn)>delete Eng2EngAnnex
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
-------------------------------------------------------------------------SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.45/27
206.107.22.2
209.235.12.55
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
8-48 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> list
Description:
Lists VPN tunnel entries.
Syntax:
list
<cr>
<name>
Lists all tunnel entries.
Lists detailed information about tunnel named <name>. Note that the <name> must match case with the name of
the VPN tunnel entry
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Manual
192.168.32.2/24
192.168.33.1
192.168.24.198
SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.45/27
206.107.22.2
209.235.12.55
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list SJSharkey
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Detail listing of VPN entry:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Name
: SJSharkey
Local Subnet
: 1
Tunnel Type
: Manual
Remote IP
: 206.107.22.45
Remote IP Mask
: 255.255.255.224
Remote Security Gateway
: 206.107.22.2
Local Security Gateway
: 209.239.160.55
AH Algorithm
: None
Encryption Type
: ESP
Encryption Algorithm
: DES
ESP Inbound SPI
: 0x00000100
ESP Outbound SPI
: 0x00000100
For information on displaying VPN information using the applet (GUI), see Viewing VPN Status on page 6-46.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-49
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> reset
Description:
Resets all of the AP-5131’s VPN tunnels.
Syntax:
reset
Resets all VPN tunnels.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>reset
VPN tunnels reset.
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-33.
8-50 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> stats
Description:
Lists statistics for all active tunnels.
Syntax:
stats
Display statistics for all VPN tunnels.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>stats
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Status
SPI(OUT/IN)
Life Time
Bytes(Tx/Rx)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Not Active
SJSharkey
Not Active
For information on displaying VPN information using the applet (GUI), see Viewing VPN Status on page 6-46.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-51
AP5131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> ikestate
Description:
Displays statistics for all active tunnels using Internet Key Exchange (IKE).
Syntax:
ikestate
Displays status about Internet Key Exchange (IKE) for all tunnels. In particular, the table indicates whether IKE is
connected for any of the tunnels, it provides the destination IP address, and the remaining lifetime of the IKE key.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>ikestate
---------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
IKE State
Dest IP
Remaining Life
---------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Not Connected
----
---
SJSharkey
Not Connected
----
---
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring IKE using the applet (GUI), see Configuring IKE Key Settings on page 6-42.
8-52 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.2.3 Network WAN App Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wan.app)>
Description:
Displays the outbound content filtering submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
addcmd
delcmd
list
..
/
save
quit
Adds app control commands to the deny list.
Deletes app control commands from the deny list.
Lists app control entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-53
AP5131>admin(network.wan.app)> addcmd
Description:
Adds app control commands to the deny list.
Syntax:
addcmd
web
file
proxy
activex
ftp
put
get
ls
mkdir
cd
pasv
smtp helo
mail
rcpt
data
quit
send
saml
reset
vrfy
expn
<filename>.<ext>
Denies specified web file name. <filename> can be up to 15 characters
and "*" can be used to match any string. <ext> can be up to 10 characters
(such as htm, html, or java). Up to 10 files can be specified.
Denies web proxies.
Denies ActiveX files.
Adds put command to the deny list.
Adds get command to the deny list.
Adds list directory command to the deny list.
Adds make directory command to the deny list.
Adds connect directory command to the deny list.
Adds passive mode command to the deny list.
Adds helo SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds mail SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds rcpt SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds data SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds quit SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds send SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds saml SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds reset SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds vrfy SMTP command to the deny list.
Adds expn SMTP command to the deny list.
For information on configuring Content Filtering using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Content Filtering Settings on page 6-48.
8-54 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wan.app)> delcmd
Description:
Deletes application control commands from the deny list.
Syntax:
delcmd
web
ftp
smtp
file
proxy
activex
put
get
ls
mkdir
cd
pasv
helo
mail
rcpt
data
quit
send
saml
reset
vrfy
expn
<filename>.<ext>
Deletes specified web file name from deny list. <filename> can be up to 15
characters and "*" can be used to match any string. <ext> can be up to 10
characters (such as htm, html, or java). Up to 10 files can be specified.
Allows web proxies.
Allows ActiveX files.
Deletes put command from the deny list.
Deletes get command from the deny list.
Deletes list directory command from the deny list.
Deletes make directory command from the deny list.
Deletes connect directory command from the deny list.
Deletes passive mode command from the deny list.
Deletes helo SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes mail SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes rcpt SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes data SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes quit SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes send SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes saml SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes reset SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes vrfy SMTP command from the deny list.
Deletes expn SMTP command from the deny list.
For information on configuring Content Filtering using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Content Filtering Settings on page 6-48.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-55
AP5131>admin(network.wan.app)> list
Description:
Lists the app control records.
Syntax:
list
web
ftp
smtp
Lists Web/HTTP app control settings.
Lists FTP app control settings.
Lists SMTP app control record.
Example:
admin(network.wan.app)>list web
HTTP Files/Commands
Web Proxy
ActiveX
filename
: deny
: deny
:
admin(network.wan.app)>list ftp
FTP Commands
Storing Files
Retrieving Files
Directory List
Create Directory
Change Directory
Passive Operation
:
:
:
:
:
:
allow
allow
allow
deny
deny
deny
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
deny
allow
allow
allow
allow
allow
allow
allow
deny
allow
admin(network.wan.app)>list smtp
SMTP Commands
HELO
MAIL
RCPT
DATA
QUIT
SEND
SAML
RESET
VRFY
EXPN
For information on configuring Content Filtering using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Content Filtering Settings on page 6-48.
8-56 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3 Network Wireless Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless)
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 wireless submenu. The items available under this command include:
wlan
security
Displays the WLAN submenu used to create and configure up to 16 WLANs per AP-5131.
Displays the security submenu used to create encryption and authentication based security policies for use with
AP-5131 WLANs.
acl
Displays to the Access Control List (ACL) submenu to restrict or allow MU access to AP-5131 WLANs.
radio
Displays the radio configuration submenu used to specify how the 802.11a or 802.11b/g radio is used with
specific WLANs.
qos
Displays the Quality of Service (QoS) submenu to prioritize specific kinds of data traffic within a WLAN.
bandwidth Displays the Bandwidth Management submenu used to configure the order data is processed by an AP-5131 radio.
rogue-ap
Displays the Rogue-AP submenu to configure devices located by the AP-5131 as friendly or threatening for
interoperablity.
..
Goes to the parent menu.
/
Goes to the root menu.
save
Saves the configuration to system flash.
quit
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-57
8.3.3.1 Network WLAN Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 wireless LAN (WLAN) submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131’s current WLAN configuration.
Defines the parameters of a new WLAN.
Modifies the properties of an existing WLAN.
Deletes an existing WLAN.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the Wireless configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Wireless LANs
(WLANs) on page 5-22.
8-58 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current WLAN configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary
wlan
<number>
Displays the current configuration for existing WLANs.
Displays the configuration for the requested WLAN (WLAN 1 through 16).
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan)>show wlan 1
ESS Identifier
: 101
WLAN Name
: Lobby
802.11a Radio
: available
802.11b/g Radio
: not available
Maximum MUs
: 127
Security Policy
: Default
MU Access Control
: Default
Kerberos User Name
: Default
Kerberos Password
: ********
Disallow MU to MU Communication
: disable
Use Secure Beacon
: disable
Accept Broadcast ESSID
: disable
QoS Policy
: Default
For information on displaying WLAN infromation using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs) on page 5-22.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-59
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> create
Description:
Defines the parameters of a new AP-5131 WLAN.
Syntax:
sh
create
set
ess
<essid>
wlan-name <name>
11a
11bg
max-mu
<mode>
<mode>
<number>
security
acl
passwd
<name>
<name>
<ascii string>
no-mu-mu <mode>
sbeacon
<mode>
bcast
<mode>
qos
<name>
add-wlan
..
Defines the ESSID for a target WLAN.
Determines the name of this particlular WLAN (1-32).
Enables or disables access to the AP-5131 802.11a radio.
Enables or disables access to the AP-5131 802.11b/g radio.
Defines the maximum number of MU able to operate within the WLAN
(default = 127 MUs).
Sets the security policy to the WLAN (1-32).
Sets the MU ACL policy to the WLAN (1-32).
Defines a Kerberos password used if the WLAN’s security policy uses a
Kerberos server-based authentication scheme.
Enables or disables MUs associated to the same WLAN to not
communicate with each other.
Enables or disables the AP-5131 from transmitting the ESSID in the
beacon.
Enables or disables the AP-5131 from accepting broadcast IDs from MUs.
Broadcast IDs are transmitted without security.
Defines the index name representing the QoS policy used with this
WLAN.
Apply the changes to the modified WLAN and exit.
Disregard the changes to the modified WLAN and exit.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show wlan
ESS Identifier
: 101
WLAN Name
: WLAN1
802.11a Radio
: available
802.11b/g Radio
: not available
Maximum MUs
: 127
Security Policy
: Default
MU Access Control
: Default
Kerberos User Name
: Default
Kerberos Password
: ********
Disallow MU to MU Communication
: disable
Use Secure Beacon
: disable
Accept Broadcast ESSID
: disable
QoS Policy
: Default
8-60 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show security
---------------------------------------------------------------------Secu Policy Name
Authen
Encryption
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Manual
no encrypt
Front Lobby
2 WEP Demo
Manual
WEP 64
2nd Floor
3 Open
Manual
no encrypt
1st Floor
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show acl
---------------------------------------------------------------------ACL Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Front Lobby
2 Admin
3rd Floor
3 Demo Room
5th Floor
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show qos
---------------------------------------------------------------------QOS Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Front Lobby
2 Voice
Audio Dept
3 Video
Video Dept
For information on creating a WLAN using the applet (GUI), see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-61
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> edit
Description:
Edits the properties of an existing WLAN policy.
Syntax:
edit
<index>
Edits the properties of an existing WLAN policy.
For information on editing a WLAN using the applet (GUI), see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-24.
8-62 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.2 Network Security Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.security)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 wireless security submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131’s current security configuration.
Defines the parameters of a security policy.
Edits the properties of an existing security policy.
Removes a specific security policy.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For information the security configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Security Options
on page 6-2.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-63
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.security)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current security configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary
policy
<id>
Displays list of existing security policies (1-16).
Displays the specified security policy <id>.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.security)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------Secu Policy Name
Authen
Encryption
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Manual
no encrypt
Lobby
2 WEP Demo
Manual
WEP 64
2nd Floor
3 Open
Manual
no encrypt
1st Floor
admin(network.wireless.security)>show policy 1
Security Policy 1
Policy Name
: Default
Authentication
: Manual Pre-shared key/No Authentication
Encryption type
: no encryption
Related Commands:
create
Defines security parameters for the specified WLAN.
For information displaying existing WLAN security settings using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Authentication and Encryption
Schemes on page 6-5.
8-64 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.security)> create
Description:
Defines the parameter of AP-5131 security policies.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-65
Syntax:
create
Defines the parameters of a security policy.
show
set
Displays new or existing security policy
parameters.
sec-name <name>
Sets the name of the security policy.
auth
Sets the authentication type for WLAN <idx> to
<type> (none, eap, or kerberos).
<authtype>
Note: Kerberos parameters are only in affect if
"kerberos" is specified for the authentication
method (set auth <type>).
kerb
realm
<name>
Sets the Kerberos realm.
server
<sidx>
<ip>
Sets the Kerberos server <sidx> (1-primary, 2backup, or 3-remote) to KDC IP address.
port
<sidx>
<port>
Sets the Kerberos port to <port> (KDC port) for
server <ksidx> (1-primary, 2-backup, or 3-remote).
Note: EAP parameters are only in affect if "eap"
is specified for the authentication method (set
auth <type>).
eap
server
<sidx>
<ip>
Sets the radius server (1-primary or as 2secondary) IP address <ip>.
port
<sidx>
<port>
Sets the radius server <sidx> (1-primary or 2secondary) <port> (1-65535).
secret
<sidx>
<secret>
Sets the EAP shared secret <secret> (1-63
characters) for server <sidx> (1-primary or 2secondary).
reauth
mode
<mode>
Enables or disables EAP reauthentication.
period
<time>
Sets the reauthentication period <period> in
seconds (30-9999).
8-66 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
accounting
adv
retry
<number>
Sets the maximum number of reauthentication
retries <retry> (1-99).
mode
<mode>
Enable or disable Radius accounting.
timeout
<period>
Defines MU timout period in seconds (1-255).
retry
<number>
Sets the maximum number of MU retries to
<retry> (1-10).
syslog
<mode>
Enable or disable syslog messages.
ip
<ip>
Defines syslog server IP address.
mu-quiet
<time>
Set the EAP MU/supplicant quiet period to
<time> seconds (1-65535).
mu-timeout
<timeout>
Sets the EAP MU/supplicant timeout in seconds
(1-255).
mu-tx
<time>
Sets the EAP MU/supplicant TX period <time> in
seconds (1-65535).
mu-retry
<count>
Sets the EAP maximum number of MU retries to
<count> (1-10).
svr-timeout
<time>
Sets the server timeout <time> in seconds (1255).
svr-retry
<count>
Sets the maximum number of server retries to
<count> (1-255).
Note: The WEP authentication mechanism saves
up to four different keys (one for each WLAN). It
is not requirement to set all keys, but you must
associate a WLAN with the same keys.
enc
<idx>
weppasskey
keyguard
<type>
Sets the encryption type to <type> (one of none,
wep40, wep104, keyguard, tkip, or ccmp) for
WLAN <idx>.
<passkey>
The passkey used as a text abbreviation for the
entire key length (4-32).
Command Line Interface Reference 8-67
index
<key index>
Selects the WEP/KeyGuard key (from one of the
four potential values of <key index> (1-4).
hex-key
<kidx>
<key string>
Sets the WEP/KeyGuard key for key index <kidx>
(1-4) for WLAN <kidx> to <key string>.
ascii-key
<kidx>
<key string>
Sets the WEP/KeyGuard key for key index <kidx>
(1-4) for WLAN <kidx> to <key string>.
Note: TKIP parameters are only affected if "tkip"
is selected as the encryption type.
tkip
ccmp
rotate-mode <mode>
Enables or disabled the broadcast key.
interval
<time>
Sets the broadcast key rotation interval to <time>
in seconds (300-604800).
type
<key type>
Sets the TKIP key type.
key
<256 bit key>
Sets the TKIP key to <256 bit key>.
phrase
<ascii phrase>
Sets the TKIP ASCII pass phrase to <ascii phrase>
(8-63 characters).
rotate-mode <mode>
Enables or disabled the broadcast key.
interval
<time>
Sets the broadcast key rotation interval to <time>
in seconds (300-604800).
type
<key type>
Sets the CCMP key type.
key
<256 bit key>
Sets the CCMP key to <256 bit key>.
phrase
<ascii phrase>
Sets the CCMP ASCII pass phrase to <ascii
phrase> (8-63 characters).
mixed-mode <mode>
Enables or disables mixed mode (allowing WPATKIP clients).
preauth
Enables or disables preauthentication (fast
roaming).
<mode>
8-68 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
add-policy
Adds the policy and exits.
..
Disregards the policy creation and exits the CLI
session.
For information on configuring the encryption and authentication options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Security Options on page 6-2.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-69
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.security.edit)>
Description:
Edits the properties of a specific security policy.
Syntax:
show
set
<index>
change
..
Displays the new or modified security policy parameters.
Edits security policy parameters.
Completes policy changes and exits the session.
Cancels the changes made and exits the session.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.security.edit)>
admin(network.wireless.security.edit)>show
Policy Name
: Default
Authentication
: Manual Pre-shared key/No Authentication
Encryption type
: no encryption
For information on configuring the encryption and authentication options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Security Options on page 6-2.
8-70 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.security)> delete
Description:
Deletes a specific security policy.
Syntax:
delete
<sec-name> Removes the specified security policy for the list supported.
<all>
Removes all security policies except the default policy.
For information on configuring the encryption and authentication options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Security Options on page 6-2.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-71
8.3.3.3 Network ACL Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.acl)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 Mobile Unit Access Control List (ACL) submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131’s current ACL configuration.
Creates an MU ACL policy.
Edits the properties of an existing MU ACL policy.
Removes an MU ACL policy.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-72 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.acl)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current ACL configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary
policy
<index>
Displays the list of existing MU ACL policies.
Displays the requested MU ACL index policy.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.acl)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------ACL Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Front Lobby
2 Admin
Administration
3 Demo Room
Customers
admin(network.wireless.acl)>show policy 1
Policy Name
: Front Lobby
Policy Mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start mac
end mac
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8348787
00A0F8348798
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-29.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-73
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.acl)> create
Description:
Creates an MU ACL policy.
Syntax:
create
show
set
add-addr
delete
add-policy
..
acl-name
mode
<acl-name> Displays the parameters of a new ACL policy.
<index>
Sets the MU ACL policy name.
<acl-mode> Sets the ACL mode for the defined index (1-16). Allowed MUs can access
the AP-5131 managed LAN. Options are deny and allow.
Adds specified MAC address to list of ACL MAC addresses.
<mac1> or
<mac1> <mac2>
<index>
<all>
Removes either a specified ACL index or all ACL entries.
Completes the policy creation and exits the CLI.
Cancels the creation of the ACL and exits the CLI.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>show
Policy Name
: Front Lobby
Policy Mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start mac
end mac
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
2
00A0F8334455
00A0F8400000
00A0F8334455
00A0F8402001
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>set name engineering
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>set mode deny
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>add addr 00A0F843AABB
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>add-policy
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-29.
8-74 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.acl.edit)>
Description:
Edits the properties of an existing MU ACL policy.
Syntax:
show Displays MU ACL policy and its parameters.
set
Modifies the properties of an existing MU ACL policy.
add
Adds an MU ACL table entry.
delete Deletes an MU ACL table entry, including starting and ending MAC address ranges.
change Completes the changes made and exits the session.
..
Cancels the changes made and exits the session.
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-29.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-75
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.acl)> delete
Description:
Removes an MU ACL policy.
Syntax:
delete
<acl name>
all
<index>
Deletes a partilcular MU ACL policy.
Deletes all MU ACL policies.
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-29.
8-76 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.4 Network Radio Configuration Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 Radio submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
set
radio1
radio2
..
/
save
quit
Summarizes AP-5131 radio parameters at a high-level.
Defines the AP-5131 radio configuration.
Displays the 802.11b/g radio submenu.
Displays the 802.11a radio submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-77
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current radio configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the AP-5131’s current radio configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio)>show
Radio Configuration
Radio 1
Name
: Radio 1
Radio Mode
: enable
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11b/g (2.4 GHz)
Radio 2
Name
: Radio 2
Radio Mode
: enable
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11a (5 GHz)
For information on configuring the Radio Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the
WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-36.
8-78 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio)> set
Description:
Enables an AP-5131 Radio and defines the RF band of operation.
Syntax:
set 11a
11bg
<mode>
<mode>
Enables or disables the AP-5131’s 802.11a radio.
Enables or disables the AP-5131’s 802.11b/g radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set 11a disable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set 11bg enable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>show
Radio Configuration
Radio 1
Name
: Radio 1
Radio Mode
: enable
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11b/g (2.4 GHz)
Radio 2
Name
: Radio 2
Radio Mode
: disable
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11a (5 GHz)
For information on configuring the Radio Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the
WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-36.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-79
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.radio1)>
Description:
Displays a specific 802.11b/g radio submenu. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
advanced
..
/
save
quit
Displays 802.11b/g radio settings.
Defines specific 802.11b/g radio parameters.
Displays the Adavanced radio settings submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For information on configuring Radio 1 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the
WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-36.
8-80 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.radio1)> show
Description:
Displays specific 802.11b/g radio settings.
Syntax:
show
radio
qos
Displays specific 802.11b/g radio settings.
Displays specific 802.11b/g radio WMM QoS settings.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.radio1)>show radio
Radio Setting Information
Placement
: indoor
MAC Address
: 00A0F8715920
Radio Type
: 802.11b/g
Channel Setting
: user selection
Channel
: 1
Antenna Diversity
: full
Power Level
: 5 dbm (4 mW)
802.11b/g mode
: B-Only
Basic Rates
: 1 2 5.5 11
Supported Rates
: 1 2 5.5 11
Beacon Interval
: 100
DTIM Interval
: 10
short preamble
: disable
RTS Threshold
: 2341
Command Line Interface Reference 8-81
admin(network.wireless.radio.radio1)>show qos
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Access Category
CWMin
CWMax
AIFSN
TXOPs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Background
15
1023
7
0
Best Effort
15
63
3
31
Video
7
15
1
94
Voice
3
7
1
47
For information on configuring the Radio 1 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
8-82 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)> set
Description:
Defines specific 802.11b/g radio parameters.
Syntax:
set placement
ch-mode
channel
antenna
power
bg-mode
rates
beacon
dtim
preamble
rts
qos
Defines the AP-5131 radio placement as indoors or outdoors.
Determines how the radio channel is selected.
Defines the actual channel used by the radio.
Sets the radio antenna power
Defines the radio antenna power transmit level.
Enables or disables 802-11bg radio mode support.
Sets the supported radio transmit rates.
Sets the beacon interval used by the radio.
Defines the DTIM interval used by the radio.
Enables or disables support for short preamble for the radio.
Defines the RTS Threshold value for the radio.
Defines the cwmin, cwmax, aifsn and txops levels for the QoS policy used for the radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set placement indoor
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set ch-mode user
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set channel 1
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set antenna full
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set power 4
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set bg-mode enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set rates
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set beacon 100
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set dtim 10
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set preamble disable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set rts 2341
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set qos cwmin 125
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set qos cwmax 255
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set qos aifsn 7
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg)>set qos txops 0
For information on configuring the Radio 1 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-83
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg.advanced)>
Description:
Displays the advanced submenu for the 802.11b/g radio. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays advanced radio settings for the 802.11b/g radio.
Defines advanced parameters for the 802.11b/g radio.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-84 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg.advanced)> show
Description:
Displays the BSSID to WLAN mapping for the 802.11b/g radio.
Syntax:
show
advanced
wlan
Displays advanced settings for the 802.11b/g radio.
Displays WLAN summary list for the 802.11b/g radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg.advanced)>show advanced
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WLAN
BSS ID
BC/MC Cipher
Status
Message
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Lobby
1
Open
good
configuration is ok
HR
2
Open
good
configuration is ok
Office
3
Open
good
configuration is ok
----------------------------------------------------------------------------BSSID
Primary WLAN
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Lobby
2
HR
3
Office
For information on configuring Radio 1 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-85
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg.advanced)> set
Description:
Defines advanced parameters for the target 802.11b/g radio.
Syntax:
set wlan
bss
<wlan-name> <bssid>
<bss-id>
<wlan name>
Defines advanced WLAN to BSSID mapping for the target radio.
Sets the BSSID to primary WLAN definition.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg.advanced)>set wlan demoroom 1
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11bg.advanced)>set bss 1 demoroom
For information on configuring Radio 1 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
8-86 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>
Description:
Displays a specific 802.11a radio submenu. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
advanced
..
/
save
quit
Displays 802.11a radio settings
Defines specific 802.11a radio parameters.
Displays the Advanced radio settings submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-87
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)> show
Description:
Displays specific 802.11a radio settings.
Syntax:
show
radio
qos
Displays specific 802.11a radio settings.
Displays specific 802.11a radio WMM QoS settings.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>show radio
Radio Setting Information
Placement
: indoor
MAC Address
: 00A0F8715920
Radio Type
: 802.11a
Channel Setting
: user selection
Channel
: 1
Antenna Diversity
: full
Power Level
: 5 dbm (4 mW)
Basic Rates
: 1 2 5.5 11
Supported Rates
: 1 2 5.5 11
Beacon Interval
: 100
DTIM Interval
: 10
RTS Threshold
: 2341
8-88 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>show qos
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Access Category
CWMin
CWMax
AIFSN
TXOPs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Background
15
1023
7
0
Best Effort
15
63
3
31
Video
7
15
1
94
Voice
3
7
1
47
For information on configuring Radio 2 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-89
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)> set
Description:
Defines specific 802.11a radio parameters.
Syntax:
set placement
ch-mode
channel
antenna
power
rates
beacon
dtim
rts
qos
Defines the AP-5131 radio placement as indoors or outdoors.
Determines how the radio channel is selected.
Defines the actual channel used by the radio.
Sets the radio antenna power.
Defines the radio antenna power transmit level.
Sets the supported radio transmit rates.
Sets the beacon interval used by the radio.
Defines the DTIM interval used by the radio.
Defines the RTS Threshold value for the radio.
Defines the cwmin, cwmax, aifsn and txops levels for the QoS policy used for the radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set placement indoor
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set ch-mode user
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set channel 1
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set antenna full
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set power 4
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set rates
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set beacon 100
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set dtim 10
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set rts 2341
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set qos cwmin 125
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set qos cwmax 255
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set qos aifsn 7
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a)>set qos txops 0
For information on configuring the Radio 2 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
8-90 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a.advanced)>
Description:
Displays the advanced submenu for the 802-11a radio. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays advanced radio settings for the 802-11a radio.
Defines advanced parameters for the 802-11a radio.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-91
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a.advanced)> show
Description:
Displays the BSSID to WLAN mapping for the 802.11a radio.
Syntax:
show
advanced
wlan
Displays advanced settings for the 802.11a radio.
Displays WLAN summary list for 802.11a radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a.advanced)>show advanced
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WLAN
BSS ID
BC/MC Cipher
Status
Message
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Lobby
1
Open
good
configuration is ok
HR
2
Open
good
configuration is ok
Office
3
Open
good
configuration is ok
----------------------------------------------------------------------------BSSID
Primary WLAN
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Lobby
2
HR
3
Office
For information on configuring the Radio 2 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
8-92 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a.advanced)> set
Description:
Defines advanced parameters for the target 802..11a radio.
Syntax:
set wlan
bss
<wlan-name> <bssid>
<bss-id>
<wlan name>
Defines advanced WLAN to BSSID mapping for the target radio.
Sets the BSSID to primary WLAN definition.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a.advanced)>set wlan demoroom 1
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11a.advanced)>set bss 1 demoroom
For information on configuring Radio 2 Configuration options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a or 802.11b/g Radio on page 5-38.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-93
8.3.3.5 Network Quality of Service (QoS) Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.qos)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 Quality of Service (QoS) submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays AP-5131 QoS policy information.
Defines the parameters of the QoS policy.
Edits the settings of an existing QoS policy.
Removes an existing QoS policy.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-94 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.qos)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current QoS policy by summary or individual policy.
Syntax:
show
summary
policy
<index>
Displays all exisiting QoS policies that have been defined.
Displays the configuration for the requested QoS policy.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.qos)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------QOS Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
101
2 IP Phones
Audio Dept
3 Video
Vidio Dept
admin(network.wireless.qos)>show policy 1
Policy Name
IP Phones
Support Legacy Voice Mode
disable
Multicast address 1
01005E000000
Multicast address 2
09000E000000
WMM QOS Extension Mode
disable
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-95
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.qos.create)>
Description:
Defines an AP-5131 QoS policy.
Syntax:
show
Displays new QoS policy parameters.
set
Sets QoS policy parameters.
add-policy Completes the policy creation and exits the CLI session.
..
Cancels the QoS policy creation and exits the CLI session.
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
8-96 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.qos.edit)>
Descripton:
Edits the properties of an existing QoS policy.
Syntax:
show
set
qos-name
vop
mcast
wmm-qos
cwmin
cwmax
aifsn
txops
default
change
..
<index>
<index>
<mac>
<index>
<access
category>
<access
category>
<access
category>
<access
category>
<index>
<index>
<index>
<index>
<index>
Displays QoS policy parameters.
Sets the QoS name for the specified index entry.
Enables or disables support (by index) for legacy VOIP devices.
Defines primary and secondary Multicast MAC address.
Enables or disables the QoS policy index specified.
Defines Minimum Contention Window (CW-Min) for specified
access categoiry and index.
Defines Maximum Contention Window (CW-Max) for specified
access categoiry and index.
Sets Arbitrary Inter-Frame Space Number (AIFSN) for specified
access categoiry and index.
Configures Opportunity to Transmit Time (TXOPs Time) for
specified access categoiry and index.
Defines CWMIN, CWMAX, AIFSN and TXOPs default values.
Completes the policy edit and exits the session.
Cancels the changes and exits.
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-97
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.qos)> delete
Description:
Removes a QoS policy.
Syntax:
delete
<qos-name>
<all>
Deletes the specified QoS polciy index, or all of the policies.
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-31.
8-98 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.6 Network Bandwith Management Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 Bandwidth Management submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays Bandwidth Management information for how data is processed by the AP-5131.
Defines Bandwidth Management parameters for the AP-5131.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-99
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131’s current Bandwidth Management configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the current Bandwidth Management configuration for defined WLANs and how
they are weighted.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)>show
Bandwidth Share Mode
: First In First Out
For information on configuring the Bandwidth Management options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring
Bandwidth Management Settings on page 5-45.
8-100 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)> set
Description:
Defines the AP-5131 Bandwidth Management configuration.
Syntax:
set mode
weight
<bw-mode>
<num>
Defines bandwidth share mode of First In First Out <fifo>,
Round Robin <rr> or Weighted Round Robin <wrr>
Assigns a bandwidth share allocation for the WLAN <index 116 > when Weighted Round Robin <wrr> is selected. The
weighting is from 1-10.
For information on configuring the Bandwidth Management options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring
Bandwidth Management Settings on page 5-45.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-101
8.3.3.7 Network Rogue-AP Commands
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>
Description:
Displays the Rogue AP submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
set
mu-scan
allowed-list
active-list
rogue-list
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current AP-5131 Rogue AP detection configuration.
Defines the Rogue AP detection method.
Goes to the Rogue AP mu-uscan submenu.
Goes to the Rogue AP Allowed List submenu.
Goes the Rogue AP Active List submenu.
Goes the Rogue AP List submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-102 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)> show
Description:
Displays the current AP-5131 Rogue AP detection configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the current AP-5131 Rogue AP detection configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>show
MU Scan
: disable
MU Scan Interval
: 60 minutes
On Channel
: disable
Detector Radio Scan
: enable
Detector Radio Band
: 11bg
Auto Authorize Symbol APs
: disable
Approved APs age out
: 0
Rogue APs age out
: 0
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-103
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)> set
Description:
Defines the AP-5131 ACL rogue AP method.
Syntax:
set mu-scan
interval
on-channel
detector-scan
symbol-ap
applst-ageout
roglst-ageout
<mode>
<minutes>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<minutes>
<minutes>
Enables or disables to permit MUs to scan for rogue APs.
Define an interval for associated MUs to beacon in attempting to locate rogue APs.
Value not available unless mu-scan is enabled.
Enables or disables on-channel detection.
Enables or disables AP detector scan (dual-radio model only).
Enables or disables the Authorize Any AP with a Symbol MAC address option.
Sets the approved AP age out time.
Sets the rogue AP age out time.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set mu-scan enable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set interval 10
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set on-channel disable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set detector-scan disable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set symbol-ap enable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set applst-ageout 10
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set roglst-ageout 10
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>show
MU Scan
: enable
MU Scan Interval
: 10 minutes
On Channel
: disable
Detector Radio Scan
: disable
Detector Radio Band
: none
Auto Authorize Symbol APs
: enable
Approved AP age out
: 10
Rogue AP age out
: 10
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
8-104 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.mu-scan)>
Description:
Displays the Rogue-AP mu-scan submenu.
Syntax:
start
show
..
/
save
quit
Initiates scan immediately by the MU.
Displays all APs located by the MU scan.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-105
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.mu-scan)> start
Description:
Initiates an MU scan from a user provided MAC address.
Syntax:
start
<mu-mac>
Initiates MU scan from user provided MAC address.
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
8-106 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.mu-scan)> show
Description:
Displays the results of an MU scan.
Syntax:
show
Initiates MU scan from user provided MAC address.
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-107
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>
Description:
Displays the Rogue-AP allowed-list submenu.
show
add
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the rogue AP allowed list
Adds an AP MAC address and ESSID to the allowed list.
Deletes an entry or all entries from the allowed list.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-108 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)> show
Description:
Displays the Rogue AP allowed List.
Syntax:
show
Displays the rogue-AP allowed list.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>show
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ap
essid
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00:A0:F8:71:59:20
*
2
00:A0:F8:33:44:55
101
3
00:A0:F8:40:20:01
Marketing
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-109
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)> add
Description:
Adds an AP MAC address and ESSID to existing allowed list.
Syntax:
add
<mac-addr>
<ess-id>
Adds an AP MAC address and ESSID to existing allowed list. Use a “*” for any
ESSID.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>add 00A0F83161BB 103
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>show
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ap
essid
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00:A0:F8:71:59:20
*
2
00:A0:F8:33:44:55
101
3
00:A0:F8:40:20:01
Marketing
4
00:A0:F8:31:61:BB
103
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
8-110 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)> delete
Description:
Deletes an AP MAC address and ESSID to existing allowed list.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<all>
Deletes an AP MAC address and ESSID (or all addresses) from the allowed list.
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-51.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-111
8.3.4 Network Firewall Commands
AP5131>admin(network.firewall)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 firewall submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
access
advanced
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131’s current firewall configuration.
Defines the AP-5131’s firewall parameters.
Enables/disables firewall permissions through the LAN and WAN ports.
Displays interoperaility rules between the LAN and WAN ports.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-112 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.firewall)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 firewall parameters.
Syntax:
show
Shows all AP-5131’s firewall settings.
Example:
admin(network.firewall)>show
Firewall Status
: disable
Override LAN to WAN Access
: disable
Configurable Firewall Filters:
ftp bounce attack filter
: enable
syn flood attack filter
: enable
unaligned ip timestamp filter
: enable
source routing attack filter
: enable
winnuke attack filter
: enable
seq num prediction attack filter
: enable
mime flood attack filter
: enable
max mime header length
: 8192
max mime headers
: 16
For information on configuring the Firewall options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Firewall Settings
on page 6-25.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-113
AP5131>admin(network.firewall)> set
Description:
Defines the AP-5131 firewall parameters.
Syntax:
set mode
nat-timeout
override
syn
src
win
ftp
ip
seq
mime
len
hdr
<mode>
<interval>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
filter
<length>
<count>
Enables or disables the firewall.
Defines the NAT interval.
Enables or disables subnet access override.
Enables or disables SYN flood attack check.
Enables or disables source routing check.
Enables or disables Winnuke attack check.
Enables or disables FTP bounce attack check.
Enables or disables IP unaligned timestamp check.
Enables or disables sequence number prediction check.
Enables or disables MIME flood attack check.
Sets the max header length in bytes as specified by <length>
(with value in range 256 - 34464).
Sets the max number of headers as specified in <count>
(with value in range 12 - 34463).
Example:
admin(network.firewall)>set mode enable
admin(network.firewall)>set override enable
admin(network.firewall)>set ftp enable
admin(network.firewall)>set ip enable
admin(network.firewall)>set seq enable
admin(network.firewall)>set src enable
admin(network.firewall)>set syn enable
admin(network.firewall)>set win enable
admin(network.firewall)>show
Firewall Status
: enable
Override LAN to WAN Access
: disable
Configurable Firewall Filters
ftp bounce attack filter
: enable
syn flood attack filter
: enable
unaligned ip timestamp filter
: enable
source routing attack filter
: enable
winnuke attack filter
: enable
seq num prediction attack filter
: enable
mime flood attack filter
: enable
max mime header length
: 8192
max mime headers
: 16
8-114 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.firewall)> access
Description:
Enables or disables firewall permissions through LAN to WAN ports.
Syntax:
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays LAN to WAN access rules.
Sets LAN to WAN access rules.
Adds LAN to WAN exception rules.
Deletes LAN to WAN access exception rules.
Displays LAN to WAN access exception rules.
Goes to parent menu
Goes to root menu.
Saves configuration to system flash.
Quits and exits the CLI session.
Example:
admin(network.firewall)>set override disable
admin(network.firewall)>access
admin(network.firewall.lan-wan-access)>set rule allow
admin(network.firewall.lan-wan-access)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
from
to
name
prot
start port
end port
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
lan
wan
HTTP
tcp
80
2
lan
wan
abc
udp
0
80
3
lan
wan
123456
ah
1440
2048
4
lan
wan
654321
tcp
2048
2048
5
lan
wan
abc
ah
100
1000
0
For information on configuring the Firewall options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Firewall Settings
on page 6-25.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-115
AP5131>admin(network.firewall)> advanced
Description:
Displays whether an AP-5131 firewall rule is intended for inbound traffic to an interface or outbound traffic from that interface..
Syntax:
import
inbound
outbound
..
/
save
quit
Imports rules from LAN to WAN access.
Goes to the Inbound Firewall Rules submenu.
Goes to the Outbound Firewall Rules submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to flash memory.
Quits and exits the CLI session.
Example:
admin(network.firewall)>set override enable
admin(network.firewall)>advanced
admin(network.firewall.rules)>inbound
admin(network.firewall.rules.inb)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
SCR IP-Netmask
Dst IP-Netmask
TP
SPorts
DPorts
Rev
NAT
Action
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.2.3.4
2.2.2.2
all 1:
1:
0.0.0.0
2
255.0.0.0
33.3.0.0
255.0.0.0
10.10.1.1
65535
tcp 1:
65535
1:
nat port 33
11.11.1.0 allow
deny
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
65535
65535
nat port 0
For information on configuring the Firewall options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Firewall Settings
on page 6-25.
8-116 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.5 Network Router Commands
AP5131>admin(network.router)>
Description:
Displays the router submenu. The items available under this command are:
add
delete
list
show
..
/
save
quit
Adds user-defined routes.
Deletes user-defined routes.
Lists user-defined routes.
Displays the existing AP-5131 router configuration.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-117
AP5131>admin(network.router)> show
Description:
Shows the AP-5131 route table.
Syntax:
show
Shows the AP-5131 route table.
Example:
admin(network.router)>show
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
2
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
3
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
4
192.168.24.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
wan
0
5
157.235.19.5
255.255.255.0
192.168.24.1
wan
0
For information on configuring the Router options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-47.
8-118 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.router)> add
Description:
Adds user-defined routes.
Syntax:
add <dest>
<netmask>
<gw> <iface>
<metric>
Adds a route with destination IP address <dest>, IP netmask
<netmask>, destination gateway IP address <gw>, interface
LAN or WAN <iface>, and metric set to <metric> (1-15).
Example:
admin(network.router)>add 192.168.2.100 255.255.255.0 192.168.2.1 LAN 1
admin(network.router)>list
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.100
255.255.255.0
192.168.2.1
lan
1
For information on configuring the Router options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-47.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-119
AP5131>admin(network.router)> delete
Description:
Deletes user-defined routes.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
all
Deletes the user-defined route <idx> (1-20) from list.
Deletes all user-defined routes.
Example:
admin(network.router)>list
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
2
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
3
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
admin(network.router)>delete 2
admin(network.router)>list
-----------------------------------------------------------------index destination netmask gateway interface metric
-----------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
2
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
0
admin(network.router)>
For information on configuring the Router options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-47.
8-120 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(network.router)> list
Description:
Lists user-defined routes.
Syntax:
list
Displays a list of user-defined routes.
Example:
admin(network.router)>list
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
2
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
3
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan
0
For information on configuring the Router options available to the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-47.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-121
8.4 System Commands
AP5131>admin(system)>
Description:
Displays the System submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
restart
show
set
debug
lastpw
exec
access
cmgr
snmp
ntp
logs
cfg-update
fw-update
test
..
/
save
quit
Restarts the AP-5131.
Shows AP-5131 system parameter settings.
Defines AP-5131 system parameter settings.
Accesses AP-5131 password-protected debug information.
Displays last debug password.
Goes to a Linux command menu.
Goes to the AP-5131 access submenu where AP-5131 access methods can be enabled.
Goes the Certificate Manager submenu.
Goes to the SNMP submenu.
Goes to the Network Time Protocol submenu.
Displays the log file submenu.
Goes to the configuration file update submenu.
Goes to the firmware update submenu.
Goes to the test group sub menu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-122 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system)>restart
Description:
Restarts the AP-5131 access point.
Syntax:
restart
Restarts the AP-5131.
Example:
admin(system)>restart
**************************************************************************
** Unsaved configuration changes will be lost when the AP-5131 is reset.
** Please be sure to save changes before resetting.
**************************************************************************
Are you sure you want to restart the AP-5131? (yes/no):
AP-5131 Boot Firmware Version 1.0.0.0-xxx
Copyright(c) Symbol Technologies Inc. 2005. All rights reserved.
Press escape key to run boot firmware ........
Power On Self Test
testing ram
: pass
testing nor flash
: pass
testing nand flash
: pass
testing ethernet
: pass
For information on restarting the AP-5131 using the applet (GUI), see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-123
AP5131>admin(system)>show
Description:
Displays high-level AP-5131 system information.
Syntax:
show
Displays AP-5131 system information.
Example:
admin(system)>show
system name
: BldgC
system location
: Atlanta Field Office
admin email address
: johndoe@mycompany.com
system uptime
: 0 days 4 hours 41 minutes
AP-5131 firmware version
country code
: 1.0.0.0-xxx
: us
admin(system)>
For information on displaying System Settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
8-124 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system)>set
Description:
Sets AP-5131 system parameters.
Syntax:
set name
loc
email
cc
<name>
<loc>
<email>
<code>
Sets the AP-5131 system name to <name> (1 to 59 characters).
Sets the AP-5131 system location to <loc> (1 to 59 characters).
Sets the AP-5131 admin email address to <email> (1 to 59 characters).
Sets the AP-5131 country code using two-letters <code>.
Example:
admin(system)>show
system name
: AP5131
system location
: San Jose Engineering
admin email address
: SJSharkey@symbol.com
system uptime
: 0 days 4 hours 33 minutes
AP-5131 firmware version
country code
: 1.0.0.0-xxx
: us
For information on configuring System Settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2. Refer to
Appendix A for information on the two-character country codes.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-125
8.4.1 System Debug and Last Password Commands
AP5131>admin(system)>debug
Description:
Accesses AP-5131 debug information. This information is designed for field service use only, and should not be used by unqualified
personnel.
Example:
admin(system)>debug
Debug Password:
AP-5131 MAC Address is 00:A0:F8:71:6A:74
Last Password was symbol12
AP5131>admin(system)>lastpw
Description:
Displays the last debug password.
admin(system)>lastpw
AP-5131 MAC Address is 00:A0:F8:71:6A:74
Last Password was symbol12
Current password used 0 times, valid 4 more time(s)
8-126 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.2 System Access Commands
AP5131>admin(system)>access
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 access submenu.
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays AP-5131 system access capabilities.
Goes to the AP-5131 system access submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the AP-5131 system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-127
AP5131>admin(system.access)>set
Description:
Defines the permissions to access the AP-5131 applet, CLI, SNMP as well as defining their timeout values.
Syntax:
set applet
applet
app-timeout
lan
wan
<minutes>
cli
cli
ssh
ssh
auth-timout
wan
lan
wan
lan
<seconds>
inactivetimeout
snmp
snmp
admin-auth
<minutes>
server
port
secret
wan
lan
local/
RADIUS
<ip>
<port#>
<pw>
Defines the applet HTTP/HTTPS access parameters for the LAN port.
Defines the applet HTTP/HTTPS access parameters for the WAN port
Sets the radio interface timeout interval if no activity is detected over
Applet HTTPS (port 443) after the defined interval. Default is 300 Mins.
Defines CLI Telnet access parameters for the AP-5131 WAN port.
Defines CLI Telnet access parameters for the AP-5131 LAN port.
Sets the WAN access to the CLI using the SSH (Secure Shell) protocol.
Sets the LAN access to the CLI using the SSH (Secure Shell) protocol.
Disables the radio interface if no data activity is detected after the interval
defined. Default is 120 seconds.
Inactivity interval resulting in the AP terminating its connection.
Default is 120 minutes.
Sets SNMP interface values through the WAN port.
Sets SNMP interface values through the LAN port.
Designates a Radius server is used in the authentication verification.
Specifies the IP address the Remote Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server.
Specifies the port on which the RADIUS server is listening. Default is 1812.
Defines the shared secret password for RADIUS server authentication.
For information on configuring AP-5131 access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Data Access on page 4-5.
8-128 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.access)>show
Description:
Displays the current AP-5131 access permissions and timeout values.
Syntax:
show
Shows all of the current system access settings for the AP-5131..
Example:
admin(system.access)>show
applet http access from lan
applet http access from wan
applet https access from lan
applet https access from wan
http/s timeout
cli telnet access from lan
cli telnet access from wan
cli ssh access from lan
cli ssh access from wan
ssh server authentication timeout
ssh server inactive timeout
snmp access from lan
snmp access from wan
admin authentication mode
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
enable
enable
enable
enable
100
enable
enable
enable
enable
120
120
enable
enable
local
Related Commands:
set
Defines the AP-5131 system access capabilities and timeout values.
For information on configuring AP-5131 access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Data Access on page 4-5.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-129
8.4.3 System Certificate Management Commands
AP5131>admin(system)>cmgr
Description:
Displays the Certificate Manager submenu. The items available under this command include:
genreq
delself
loadself
listself
loadca
delca
listca
showreq
delprivkey
listprivkey
impcert
..
/
save
quit
Generates a Certificate Request.
Deletes a Self Certificate.
Loads a Self Certificate signed by CA.
Lists the self certificate loaded.
Loads trusted certificate from CA.
Deletes the trusted certificate.
Lists the trusted certificate loaded.
Displays a certificate request in PEM format.
Deletes the private key.
Lists names of private keys.
Imports the target certificate file.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-130 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> genreq
Description:
Generates a certificate request.
Syntax:
genreq <IDname> <Subject>
[-ou <OrgUnit>]
[-on <OrgName>] [-cn <City>]
[-st <State>]
...
[-p <PostCode>]
[-cc <CCode>]
[-e <Email>]
[-d <Domain>]
[-i <IP>]
Generates a self-certificate request for a Certification Authority (CA), where:
<IDname>
The private key ID Name (up to 7 chars)
<Subject>
Subject Name (up to 49 chars)
-ou <OrgUnit>
Organization Unit (up to 49 chars)
-on <OrgName>
Organization Name (up to 49 chars)
-cn <City>
City Name of Organization (up to 49 chars)
-st <State>
State Name (up to 49 chars)
-p <PostCode>
Postal code (9 digits)
-cc <CCode>
Country code (2 chars)
-e <Email>
E-mail Address (up to 49 chars)
-d <Domain>
Domain Name (up to 49 chars)
-i <IP>
IP Address (a.b.c.d)
-sa <SAlgo>
Signature Algorithm (one of MD5-RSA, SHA1-RSA, or SHA1-DSS)
-k <KSize>
Key size in bits (one of 512, 1024, or 2048)
...
[-sa <SAlgo>]
Note: The parameters in [square brackets] are optional. Check with the CA to determine what fields are necessary. For example, most
CAs require an email address and an IP address, but not the address of the organization.
Example:
admin(system.cmgr)>genreq MyCert2 MySubject -ou MyDept -on MyCompany
Please wait. It may take some time...
Generating the certificate request
Retreiving the certificate request
The certificate request is
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE REQUEST----MIHzMIGeAgEAMDkxEjAQBgNVBAoTCU15Q29tcGFueTEPMA0GA1UECxMGTXlEZXB0
MRIwEAYDVQQDEwlNeVN1YmplY3QwXDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAANLADBIAkEAtKcX
plKFCFAJymTFX71yuxY1fdS7UEhKjBsH7pdqnJnsASK6ZQGAqerjpKScWV1mzYn4
1q2+mgGnCvaZUlIo7wIDAQABoAAwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEEBQADQQCClQ5LHdbG/C1f
Bj8AszttSo/bA4dcX3vHvhhJcmuuWO9LHS2imPA3xhX/d6+Q1SMbs+tG4RP0lRSr
iWDyuvwx
-----END CERTIFICATE REQUEST-----
For information on configuring certificate management settings using the applet (GUI), see Managing Certificate Authority (CA)
Certificates on page 4-8.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-131
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> delself
Description:
Deletes a self certificate.
Syntax:
delself
<IDname>
Deletes the self certificate named <IDname>.
Example:
admin(system.cmgr)>delself MyCert2
For information on configuring self certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates on page 4-9.
8-132 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> loadself
Description:
Loads a self certificate signed by the Certificate Authority.
Syntax:
loadself
<IDname>
Load the self certificate signed by the CA with name <IDname>.
For information on configuring self certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates on page 4-9.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-133
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> listself
Description:
Lists the loaded self certificates.
Syntax:
listself
Lists all self certificates that are loaded.
For information on configuring self certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates on page 4-9.
8-134 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> loadca
Description:
Loads a trusted certificate from the Certificate Authority.
Syntax:
loadca
Loads the trusted certificate (in PEM format) that is pasted into the command line.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-8.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-135
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> delca
Description:
Deletes a trusted certificate.
Syntax:
delca
<IDname>
Deletes the trusted certificate.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-8.
8-136 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> listca
Description:
Lists the loaded trusted certificate.
Syntax:
listca
Lists the loaded trusted certificates.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-8.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-137
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> showreq
Description:
Displays a certificate request in PEM format.
Syntax:
showreq
<IDname>
Displays a certificate request named <IDname> generated from the genreq command.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-8.
8-138 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> delprivkey
Description:
Deletes a private key.
Syntax:
delprivkey
<IDname>
Deletes private key named <IDname>.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates on page 4-9.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-139
AP5131>admin(system.cmgr)> listprivkey
Description:
Lists the names of private keys.
Syntax:
listprivkey
Lists all private keys.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-8.
8-140 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.4 System SNMP Commands
AP5131>admin(system)> snmp
Description:
Displays the SNMP submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
access
traps
..
/
save
quit
Goes to the SNMP access submenu.
Goes to the SNMP traps submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-141
8.4.4.1 System SNMP Access Commands
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.access)
Description:
Displays the SNMP Access menu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Shows SNMP v3 engine ID.
Adds SNMP access entries.
Deletes SNMP access entries.
Lists SNMP access entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-142 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.access)> show
Description:
Shows the SNMP v3 engine ID.
Syntax:
show
eid
Shows the SNMP v3 Engine ID.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.access)>show eid
AP-5131 snmp v3 engine id
: 000001846B8B4567F871AC68
admin(system.snmp.access)>
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-17.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-143
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.access)> add
Description:
Adds SNMP access entries for specific v1v2 and v3 user definitions.
Syntax:
add acl
<ip1>
v1v2c <comm>
v3
<user>
<auth>
<ip2>
Adds an entry to the SNMP access control list with <ip1> as the starting IP address and <ip2>
and as the ending IP address.
<access>
<oid>
<access>
<pass1>
Adds an SNMP v1/v2c configuration with <comm> as the community (1-31 characters), the
read/write access set to ro (read only) or rw (read/write), and the Object Identifier <oid> (a
string of 1-127 numbers separated by dot, such as 2.3.4.5.6).
<oid>
<sec>
<priv>
<pass2>
Adds an SNMP v3 user definition with the username <user> (1 to 31 characters), access set
to ro (read only) or rw (read/write), the object ID set to <oid> (1 to 127 chars in dot notation,
such as 1.3.6.1), the security type <sec> set to one of none, auth, or auth/priv.
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is not none:
Authentication type <auth> set to md5 or sha1
Authentication password <pass1> (8 to 31 chars)
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is set to auth/priv:
Privacy algorithm set to des or aes
Privacy password <pass2> (8 to 31 chars)
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-17.
8-144 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.access)> delete
Description:
Deletes SNMP access entries for specific v1v2 and v3 user definitions.
Syntax:
delete acl
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
<idx>
all
<idx>
all
Deletes entry <idx> from the access control list.
Deletes all entries from the access control list.
Deletes entry <idx> from the v1/v2 configuration list.
Deletes all entries from the v1/v2 configuration list.
Deletes entry <idx> from the v3 user definition list.
Deletes all entries from the v3 user definition list.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.access)>list acl
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start ip
end ip
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
209.236.24.1
209.236.24.46
admin(system.snmp.access)>delete acl all
admin(system.snmp.access)>list acl
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start ip
end ip
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-17.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-145
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.access)> list
Description:
Lists SNMP access entries.
Syntax:
list acl
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
Lists SNMP access control list entries.
Lists SNMP v1/v2c configuration.
Lists SNMP v3 user definition with index <idx>.
Lists all SNMP v3 user definitions.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.access)>list acl
---------------------------------------------------------------index
start ip
end ip
---------------------------------------------------------------1
209.236.24.1
209.236.24.46
admin(system.snmp.access)>list v1v2
---------------------------------------------------------------index
community
access
oid
---------------------------------------------------------------1
2
public
private
read only
read/write
1.3.6.1
1.3.6.1
admin(system.snmp.access)>list v3 2
index
: 2
username
: judy
access permission
: read/write
object identifier
: 1.3.6.1
security level
: auth/priv
auth algorithm
: md5
auth password
: ********
privacy algorithm
: des
privacy password
: *******
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-17.
8-146 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.4.2 System SNMP Traps Commands
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.traps)
Description:
Displays the SNMP traps submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Shows SNMP trap parameters.
Sets SNMP trap parameters.
Adds SNMP trap entries.
Deletes SNMP trap entries.
Lists SNMP trap entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-147
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> show
Description:
Shows SNMP trap parameters.
Syntax:
show
trap
rate-trap
Shows SNMP trap parameter settings.
Shows SNMP rate-trap parameter settings.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>show trap
SNMP MU Traps
mu associated
: enable
mu unassociated
: disable
mu denied association
: disable
mu denied authentication
: disable
SNMP Traps
snmp auth failure
: disable
snmp acl violation
: disable
SNMP Network Traps
physical port status change
: enable
denial of service
: enable
denial of service trap rate limit : 10
SNMP System Traps
system cold start
: disable
system config changed
: disable
rogue ap detection
: disable
ap radar detection
: disable
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Enabling SNMP Traps on page 4-19.
8-148 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> set
Description:
Sets SNMP trap parameters.
Syntax:
set mu-assoc
mu-unassoc
mu-deny-assoc
mu-deny-auth
snmp-auth
snmp-acl
port
dos-attack
interval
cold
cfg
rogue-ap
ap-radar
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
<rate>
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
rate
<rate>
min-pkt
<pkt>
Choices <rate>
pkts
mbps
avg-bps
pct-nu
avg-signal
avg-retries
pct-dropped
pct-undecrypt
assoc-mus
Enables/disables the MU associated trap.
Enables/disables the MU unassociated trap.
Enables/disables the MU association denied trap.
Enables/disables the MU authentication denied trap.
Enables/disables the authentication failure trap.
Enables/disables the SNMP ACL violation trap.
Enables/disables the physical port status trap.
Enables/disables the denial of service trap.
Sets denial of service trap interval.
Enables/disables the system cold start trap.
Enables/disables a configuration changes trap.
Enables/disables a trap when a rogue-ap is detected.
Enables/disables the AP Radar Detection trap.
<scope>
<value>
Interpretation
Packets/second > <value>
Throughput > <value>
Average bit speed in mbps < <value>
% not UNICAST > <value>
Negative average signal < <value>
Average retries > <value>
% dropped packets > <value>
% undecryptable > <value>
Number of associated MUs > <value>
Sets the particular <rate> to monitor to <value> given the
indicated <scope>. See table below for information on the
possible values for <rate>, <scope>, and <value>.
Sets the minimum number of packets required for rate traps
to fire (1-65535).
Allowed Range for <value>
0-9999.99
0-108.00
0-108.00
0-100.00
0-100.00
0-16.00
0-100.00
0-100.00
0-200
Allowed <scope>
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap,mu
wlan,ap
Note: <value> can be a number with up to two decimal places, except for assoc_mus, which must be an integer.
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Specific SNMP Traps on page 4-22.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-149
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> add
Description:
Adds SNMP trap entries.
Syntax:
add v1v2 <ip>
<port>
<comm>
<ver>
Adds an entry to the SNMP v1/v2 access list with the destination IP address set to <ip>, the destination UDP port set to
<port>, the community string set to <comm> (1 to 31 characters), and the SNMP version set to <ver>.
v3
<ip>
<port>
<user>
<sec>
<auth>
<pass1>
<priv>
<pass2>
Adds an entry to the SNMP v3 access list with the destination IP address set to <ip>, the destination UDP port set to
<port>, the username set to <user> (1 to 31 characters), and the authentication type set to one of none, auth, or auth/
priv.
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is not none:
Authentication type <auth> set to md5 or sha1
Authentication password <pass1> (8 to 31 chars)
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is set to auth/priv:
Privacy algorithm set to des or aes
Privacy password <pass2> (8 to 31 chars)
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v1v2 203.223.24.2 333 mycomm v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v1v2c
---------------------------------------------------------------------index
dest ip
dest port
community
version
---------------------------------------------------------------------1
203.223.24.2
333
mycomm
v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v3 201.232.24.33 555 BigBoss none md5
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v3 all
index
: 1
destination ip
: 201.232.24.33
destination port
: 555
username
: BigBoss
security level
: none
auth algorithm
: md5
auth password
: ********
privacy algorithm
: des
privacy password
: ********
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds on page 4-24.
8-150 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> delete
Description:
Deletes SNMP trap entries.
Syntax:
delete
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
<idx>
all
Deletes entry <idx> from the v1v2c access control list.
Deletes all entries from the v1v2c access control list.
Deletes entry <idx> from the v3 access control list.
Deletes all entries from the v3 access control list.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>delete v1v2 all
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Settings on page 4-11.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-151
AP5131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> list
Description:
Lists SNMP trap entries.
Syntax:
list
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
Lists SNMP v1/v2c access entries.
Lists SNMP v3 access entry <idx>.
Lists all SNMP v3 access entries.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v1v2 203.223.24.2 162 mycomm v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v1v2c
---------------------------------------------------------------------index
dest ip
dest port
community
version
---------------------------------------------------------------------1
203.223.24.2
162
mycomm
v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v3 201.232.24.33 555 BigBoss none md5
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v3 all
index
: 1
destination ip
: 201.232.24.33
destination port
: 555
username
: BigBoss
security level
: none
auth algorithm
: md5
auth password
: ********
privacy algorithm
: des
privacy password
: ********
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds on page 4-24.
l
8-152 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.5 System Network Time Protocol (NTP) Commands
AP5131>admin(system)> ntp
Description:
Displays the NTP menu. The correct network time is required for numerous functions to be configured accuaretly on the AP-5131.
Syntax:
set
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Shows NTP parameters settings.
Sets NTP parameters.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-153
P5131>admin(system.ntp)> show
Description:
Displays the NTP server configuration.
Syntax:
show
Shows all NTP server settings.
Example:
admin(system.ntp)>show
current time (UTC)
: 2005-08-31 14:35:20
ntp mode
: enable
preferred server ip
: 203.21.37.18
preferred server port
: 123
first alternate server ip
: 203.21.37.19
first alternate server port
: 123
second alternate server ip
: 0.0.0.0
second alternate server port
: 123
synchronization interval
: 15 minutes
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-26.
8-154 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.ntp)> set
Description:
Sets NTP parameters for AP-5131 clock synchronization.
Syntax:
set mode
server
port
intrvl
<ntp-mode>
<idx> <ip>
<idx> <port>
<period>
Enables or disables NTP.
Sets the NTP sever IP address.
Defines the port number.
Defines the clock synchronization interval used between the AP-5131 and the
NTP server in minutes (15 - 65535).
Example:
admin(system.ntp)>set mode enable
admin(system.ntp)>set server 203.21.37.18
admin(system.ntp)>set port 1 123
admin(system.ntp)>set intrvl 15
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-26.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-155
8.4.6 System Log Commands
AP5131>admin(system)> logs
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 log submenu. Logging options include:
Syntax:
show
set
view
delete
send
..
/
save
quit
Shows logging options.
Sets log options and parameters.
Views system log.
Deletes the system log.
Sends log to the designated FTP Server.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-156 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.logs)> show
Description:
Displays the current AP-5131 logging settings.
Syntax:
show
Displays the logging options.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>show
log level
: L6 Info
syslog server logging
: enable
syslog server ip address
: 192.168.0.102
ftp/tftp server address
: 192.168.0.101
ftp user name
: tealtown
ftp password
: ********
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-28.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-157
AP5131>admin(system.logs)> set
Description:
Sets log options and parameters.
Syntax:
set
level
<level>
mode
ipadr
server
user
passwd
<mode>
<ip>
<a.b.c.d>
<username>
<password>
Sets the level of the events that will be logged. All events with a level at or above <level>
(L0-L7) will be saved to the system log.
L0:Emergency
L1:Alert
L2:Critical
L3:Errors
L4:Warning
L5:Notice
L6:Info (default setting)
L7:Debug
Enables or disables syslog server logging.
Sets the external syslog server IP address to <ip> (a.b.c.d).
Sets the FTP server IP address.
Sets the FTP user name (1-39 characters).
Sets the FTP password (1-39 characters).
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-28.
8-158 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.logs)> view
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 system log file.
Syntax:
view
Displays the entire AP-5131 system log file.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>view
Jan
7 16:14:00 (none) syslogd 1.4.1: restart (remote reception).
Jan
7 16:14:10 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:14:41 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:15:43 (none) last message repeated 2 times
Jan
7 16:16:01 (none) CC:
4:16pm
7 16:16:01 (none) CC:
Mem:
up 6 days, 16:16, load average: 0.00, 0.01,
0.00
Jan
0
Jan
62384
32520
29864
0
7 16:16:01 (none) CC: 0000077e
e 00000000 00000000
0012e95b 0000d843 00000000 00000003 0000121
0037ebf7 000034dc 00000000 00000000 00000000
Jan
7 16:16:13 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:16:44 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:17:15 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:17:15 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-28.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-159
AP5131>admin(system.logs)> delete
Description:
Deletes the log files.
Syntax:
delete
Deletes the AP-5131 system log file.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>delete
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-28.
8-160 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.logs)> send
Description:
Sends log and core file to an FTP Server.
Syntax:
send
Sends the system log file via FTP to a location specified with the set command. Use the set command to set the FTP login
and site information.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>send
File transfer
: [ In progress ]
File transfer
: [ Done ]
admin(system.logs)>
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-28.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-161
8.4.7 System Configuration-Update Commands
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 configuration update submenu.
Syntax:
default
partial
show
set
export
import
..
/
save
quit
Restores the default AP-5131 configuration.
Restores a partial default AP-5131 configuration.
Shows import/export parameters.
Sets import/export AP-5131 configuration parameters.
Exports AP-5131 configuration to a designated system.
Imports configuration to the AP-5131.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to AP-5131 system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-162 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)> default
Description:
Restores the full AP-5131 factory default configuration.
Syntax:
default
Restores the AP-5131 to the original (factory) configuration.
Example:
admin(system.cfg-update)>default
Are you sure you want to default the configuration? <yes/no>:
For information on importing/exporting AP-5131 configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-30.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-163
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)> partial
Description:
Restores a partial factory default configuration. The AP-5131’s LAN, WAN and SNMP settings are uneffected by the partial restore.
Syntax:
default
Restores a partial AP-5131 configuration.
Example:
admin(system.cfg-update)>partial
Are you sure you want to partially default the AP5131? <yes/no>:
For information on importing/exporting AP-5131 configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-30.
8-164 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)> show
Description:
Displays import/export parameters for the AP-5131 configuration file.
Syntax:
show
Shows all import/export parameters.
Example:
admin(system.cfg-update)>show
cfg filename
: cfg.txt
ftp/tftp server ip address
: 192.168.0.101
ftp user name
: myadmin
ftp password
: ********
For information on importing/exporting AP-5131 configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-30.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-165
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)> set
Description:
Sets the import/export parameters.
Syntax:
set
file
path
server
user
passwd
<filename>
<path>
<ipaddress>
<username>
<pswd>
Sets the configuration file name (1 to 39 characters in length).
Defines the path used for the configuration file upload.
Sets the FTP/TFTP server IP address.
Sets the FTP user name (1 to 39 characters in length).
Sets the FTP password (1 to 39 characters in length).
Example:
admin(system.cfg-update)>set server 192.168.22.12
admin(system.cfg-update)>set user myadmin
admin(system.cfg-update)>set passwd georges
admin(system.cfg-update)>show
cfg filename
: cfg.txt
ftp/tftp server ip address
: 192.168.22.12
ftp user name
: myadmin
ftp password
: *****
For information on importing/exporting AP-5131 configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-30.
8-166 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)> export
Description:
Exports the configuration from the system.
Syntax:
export
ftp
tftp
terminal
Exports the AP-5131 configuration to the FTP server. Use the set command to set the server, user, password,
and file name before using this command.
Exports the AP-5131 configuration to the TFTP server. Use the set command to set the IP address for the TFTP
server before using the command.
Exports the AP-5131 configuration to a terminal.
Example:
Export FTP Example:
admin(system.cfg-update)>set server 192.168.22.12
admin(system.cfg-update)>set user myadmin
admin(system.cfg-update)>set passwd
admin(system.cfg-update)>export ftp
Export operation
: [ Started ]
Building configuration file
: [ Done ]
File transfer
: [ In progress ]
File transfer
: [ Done ]
Export operation
: [ Done ]
Export TFTP Example:
admin(system.cfg-update)>set server 192.168.0.101
admin(system.cfg-update)>export tftp
Export operation
: [ Started ]
Building configuration file
: [ Done ]
File transfer
: [ In progress ]
File transfer
: [ Done ]
Export operation
: [ Done ]
For information on importing/exporting AP-5131 configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-30.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-167
AP5131>admin(system.cfg-update)> import
Description:
Imports the AP-5131 configuration to the AP-5131.
Syntax:
import ftp
tftp
Imports the AP-5131 configuration file from the FTP server.
Use the set command to set the server, user, password, and file.
Imports the AP-5131 configuration from the TFTP server.
Use the set command to set the server and file.
Example:
Import FTP Example
admin(system.cfg-update)>set server 192.168.22.12
admin(system.cfg-update)>set user myadmin
admin(system.cfg-update)>set passwd mysecret
admin(system.cfg-update)>import ftp
Import operation : [ Started ]
File transfer : [ In progress ]
File transfer : [ Done ]
Import operation : [ Done ]
Import TFTP Example
admin(system.cfg-update)>set server 192.168.0.101
admin(system.cfg-update)>import tftp
Import operation : [ Started ]
File transfer : [ In progress ]
File transfer : [ Done ]
Import operation : [ Done ]
For information on importing/exporting AP-5131 configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-30.
8-168 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.8 Firmware Update Commands
AP5131>admin(system)>fw-update
Description:
Displays the firmware update submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
update
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current AP-5131 firmware update settings.
Defines the AP-5131 firmware update parameters.
Executes the firmware update.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the AP-5131 system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-169
AP5131>admin(system.fw-update)>show
Description:
Displays the current AP-5131 firmware update settings.
Syntax:
show
Shows the current system firmware update settings for the AP-5131.
Example:
admin(system.fw-update)>show
automatic firmware upgrade
automatic config upgrade
: enable
: LAN
firmware filename
firmware path
ftp/tftp server ip address
ftp user name
ftp password
:
:
:
:
:
APFW.bin
/tftpboot/
168.197.2.2
pkeegan
*******
For information on updating AP-5131 device firmware using the applet (GUI), see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-34.
8-170 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.fw-update)>set
Description:
Defines AP-5131 firmware update settings and user permissions.
Syntax:
set fw-auto
<mode>
cfg-auto
<mode>
iface
<wan/lan>
file
path
server
user
passwd
<name>
<path>
<ip>
<name>
<password>
When enabled, updates device firmware each time the firmware versions are found to be
different between the AP-5131 and the specified firmware on the remote system.
When enabled, updates device configuration file each time the confif file versions are
found to be different between the AP-5131 and the specified LAN or WAN interface.
Defines the target interface for version updates if the fw-auto and/or cfg-auto options are
enabled.
Defines the firmware file name.
Specifies a path for the file.
The IP address for the FTP/TFTP server used for the firmware and/or config file update.
Specifies a username for FTP server login.
Specifies a password for FTP server login. Default is symbol.
For information on updating AP-5131 device firmware using the applet (GUI), see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-34.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-171
AP5131>admin(system.fw-update)>update
Description:
Executes the AP-5131 firmware update over the WAN or LAN port using either ftp or tftp.
Syntax:
update
<mode><iface> Defines the ftp ot tftp mode used to conduct the firmware update. Specifies whether the
update is executed over the AP-5131’s WAN or LAN interface <iface>.
For information on updating AP-5131 device firmware using the applet (GUI), see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-34.
8-172 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.9 System Test Commands
AP5131>admin(system.test)>
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 test submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays the AP-5131 test options.
Defines the parameters of an AP-5131 system test.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the AP-5131 system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-173
AP5131>admin(system.test)> show
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 test options.
Syntax:
show
Displays the AP-5131 test options.
Example:
admin(system.test)>show
half fc windows for ap100 val
: [ 0x0000 ........ .......0]
broadcast in psp val
: [ 0x0000 ........ ......1.]
drop bc pre wep val
: [ 0x0000 ........ .....1..]
wpa2 tkip disabled val
: [ 0x0000 ........ ....0...]
wireless disable val
: [ 0x0000 ........ ...0....]
psp fix more data val
: [ 0x0000 ........ ..0.....]
wpa2 tkip disabled val
: [ 0x0000 ........ .1......]
wpa ie before rsn ie val
: [ 0x0000 ........ 0.......]
disable wpa countermeasures val
: [ 0x0000 .......0 ........]
int1
: 0x46
int2
: 0x0
int3
: 0x0
int4
: 0x0
str1
str2
str3
str4
evtlog
: disabled
admin(system.test)>
8-174 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(system.test)> set
Description:
Defines the parameters of an AP-5131 system test. These commands are recommended for qualified technicians only.
Syntax:
set flow
hbt
wd
pmd
rs
int1
int2
int3
int
str1
str2
str3
str4
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<value>
<value>
<value>
<value>
<value>
<value>
<value>
<value>
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
Enables or disables flow control for the AP-5131.
Enables or disables heartbeat mode for the AP-5131.
Enables or disables the wireless disable val option for the AP-5131.
Defines a fix psp more data enable val settings as enabled or disabled.
Enables or disables the AP-5131 rate scale test setting.
Defines integer 1. For example 0x1234.
Defines integer 2. For example 0x1234.
Defines integer 3. For example 0x1234.
Defines integer 4. For example 0x1234.
String is 1 through 39 characters in length.
String is 1 through 39 characters in length.
String is 1 through 39 characters in length.
String is 1 through 39 characters in length.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-175
8.5 Statistics Commands
AP5131>admin(stats)
Description:
Displays the AP-5131 statistics submenu. The items available under this command are:
show
send-cfg
clear
flash-all-leds
echo
ping
..
/
save
quit
Displays AP-5131 WLAN, MU, LAN and WAN statistics.
Sends a config file to all AP-5131’s within the known AP table.
Clears all statistic counters to zero.
Starts and stops the flashing of all AP-5131 LEDs.
Defines the parameters for pinging a designated station.
Iniates a ping test.
Moves to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-176 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(stats)> show
Description:
Displays AP-5131 system information.
Syntax:
show
wan
lan
wlan
s-wlan
radio
mu
s-mu
known-ap
Displays stats for the AP-5131 WAN port.
Displays stats for the AP-5131 LAN port
Displays WLAN status and statistics summary.
Displays status and statistics for an individual WLAN
Displays a radio statistics transmit and receive summary.
Displays all mobile unit (MU) status.
Displays status and statistics for an individual MU.
Displays a Known AP summary.
Example:
admin(stats)>show wlan
Index
: 1
Name
: Front Lobby
Status
: Enabled
Index
: 2
Name
: 1st Floor
Status
: Disabled
Index
: 3
Name
: Office
Status
: Disabled
admin(stats)>show known-ap
For information on displaying LAN port statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-5.
For information on displaying WAN port statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing WAN Statistics on page 7-2.
For information on displaying Wireless statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Wireless Statistics on page 7-8.
For information on displaying individual WLAN statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing WLAN Statistics on page 7-10.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-177
AP5131>admin(stats)> send-cfg
Description:
Copies the AP-5131’s configuration to the AP-5131s within the known AP table.
Syntax:
send-cfg
Copies the AP-5131’s configuration to the AP-5131s within the known AP table
Example:
admin(stats)>send-cfg
admin(stats)>
For information on copying the AP-5131 config to another AP-5131 with the same ESSID using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Known
Access Point Statistics on page 7-26.
8-178 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(stats)> clear
Description:
Clears the specified statistics counters to zero to begin new data calculations.
Syntax:
clear
wan
lan
rf
all-wlan
wlan
all-radio
radio1
radio2
mu
known-ap
Clears WAN statistics counters.
Clears LAN statistics counters.
Clears all RF data.
Clears all WLAN summary information.
Clears individual WLAN statistic counters.
Clears AP-5131 radio summary information.
Clears statistics counters specific to radio1.
Clears statistics counters specific to radio2.
Clears all MU statistic counters
Clears Known AP statistic counters.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-179
AP5131>admin(stats)> flash-all-leds
Description:
Starts and stops the illumination of a specified access point’s LEDs.
Syntax:
flash-all-leds
<index>
<stop/start>
Defines the Known AP index number of the target AP to flash.
Begins or terminates the flash activity.
Example:
admin(stats)>
admin(stats)>flash-all-leds 1 start
Password ********
admin(stats)>flash-all-leds 1 stop
admin(stats)>
For information on flashing AP-5131 LEDs using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Known Access Point Statistics on page 7-26.
8-180 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(stats)> echo
Description:
Defines the echo test values used to conduct a ping test to an associated MU.
Syntax:
list
set
start
..
/
quit
Defines echo test parameters and result.
Determines echo test packet data.
Begins echoing the defined station.
Goes to parent menu.
Goes to root menu.
Quits CLI session.
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-181
AP5131>admin.stats.echo)> list
Description:
Lists echo test parameters and results.
Syntax:
list
Lists echo test parameters and results.
Example:
admin(stats.echo)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F8213434
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 10
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 55
Number of MU Responses
: 2
admin(stats.echo)>
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
8-182 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin.stats.echo)>set
Description:
Defines the parameters of the echo test.
Syntax:
set
station
request
length
data
<mac>
<num>
<num>
<hex>
Defines MU target MAC address.
Sets number of echo packets to transmit (1-539).
Determines echo packet length in bytes (1-539).
Defines the particular packet data.
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-183
AP5131>admin.stats.echo)> start
Description:
Initiates the echo test.
Syntax:
start
Initiates the echo test.
Example:
admin(stats.echo)>start
admin(stats.echo)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F843AABB
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 100
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 1
Number of MU Responses
: 2
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
8-184 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin(stats)> ping
Description:
Defines the ping test values used to conduct a ping test to an AP with the same ESSID.
Syntax:
ping
list
set
start
..
/
quit
Defines ping test packet length.
Determines ping test packet data.
Begins pinging the defined station.
Goes to parent menu.
Goes to root menu.
Quits CLI session.
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-185
AP5131>admin.stats.ping)> list
Description:
Lists ping test parameters and results.
Syntax:
list
Lists ping test parameters and results.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F8213434
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 10
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 55
Number of AP Responses
: 2
admin(stats.ping)>
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
8-186 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP5131>admin.stats.ping)> set
Description:
Defines the parameters of the ping test.
Syntax:
set
station
request
length
data
Defines the AP target MAC address.
Sets number of ping packets to transmit (1-539).
Determines ping packet length in bytes (1-539).
Defines the particular packet data.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>set station 00A0F843AABB
admin(stats.ping)>set request 10
admin(stats.ping)>set length 100
admin(stats.ping)>set data 1
admin(stats.ping)>
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
Command Line Interface Reference 8-187
AP5131>admin.stats.echo)> start
Description:
Initiates the ping test.
Syntax:
start
Initiates the ping test.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>start
admin(stats.ping)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F843AABB
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 100
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 1
Number of AP Responses
: 2
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-24.
8-188 AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Technical Specifications
Technical specifications include specifications in the following areas:
•
•
•
•
•
Physical Characteristics
Electrical Characteristics
Radio Characteristics
Antenna Specifications
Country Codes
A.1 Physical Characteristics
The AP-5131 has the following physical characteristics:
A-2
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Dimensions
5.32 inches long x 9.45 inches wide x 1.77 inches thick.
135 mm long x 240 mm wide x 45 mm thick.
Housing
Metal, Plenum Housing (UL2043)
Weight
1.95 lbs/0.88 Kg (single-radio model)
2.05 lbs/0.93 Kg (dual-radio model)
Operating
Temperature
-20 to 50° Celsius
Storage Temperature
-40 to 70° Celsius
Altitude
8,000 feet/2438 m @ 28° Celsius (operating)
15,000 feet/4572 m @ 12° Celsius (storage)
Vibration
Vibration to withstand .02g²/Hz, random, sine, 20-2k Hz
Humidity
5 to 95% (operating) 5 to 85% (storage)
Electrostatic
Discharge
15kV (air) @ 50% rh
8kV (contact) @ 50% rh
Drop
Bench drop 36 inches to concrete (excluding side with connectors)
A.2 Electrical Characteristics
The AP-5131 has the following electrical characteristics:
Operating Voltage
48Vdc (Nom)
Operating Current
200mA (Peak) @ 48Vdc
170mA (Nom) @ 48Vdc
Technical Specifications
A.3 Radio Characteristics
The AP-5131 has the following radio characteristics:
Operating Channels
802.11a radio - Channels 1-35 (4920-5825 MHz)
802.11b/g radio - Channels 1-13 (2412-2472 MHz)
802.11b/g radio - Channel 14 (2484 MHz Japan only)
Actual operating frequencies depend on regulatory rules and
certification agencies.
Receiver Sensitivity
802.11a Radio
802.11b/g Radio
6 Mbps -88
9 Mbps -87
12 Mbps -85
18 Mbps -81
24 Mbps -79
36 Mbps -75
48 Mbps -70
54 Mbps -68
11 Mbps -84
5.5 Mbps -88
2 Mbps -90
1 Mbps -94
Radio Data Rates
802.11a radio 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 Mbit/Sec
802.11g radio 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 Mbit/Sec
802.11b radio 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps
Wireless Medium
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)
A.4 Antenna Specifications
The AP-5131 antenna suite has the following specifications:
!
CAUTION Using an antenna other than the Dual-Band Antenna (Part No. ML2452-APA2-01) could render the AP-5131’s Rogue AP Detector Mode
feature inoperable. Contact your Symbol sales associate for specific
information.
A-3
A-4
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
A.4.1 2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix
The following section describes each 2.4 GHz antenna approved for use with the AP-5131. Below is
a table of each of these 2.4 GHz antennas and Symbol’s part number.
Symbol Part Number
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-2499-11PNA2-01
Wide Angle Directional
8.5
ML-2499-HPA3-01
Omni-Directional Antenna
3.3
ML-2499-BYGA2-01
Yagi Antenna
13.9
ML-2452-APA2-01
Dual-Band
3.0
A.4.2 5.2 GHz Antenna Matrix
The following section describes each 5.2 GHz antenna approved for use with the AP-5131
Symbol Part Number
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-5299-WPNA1-01
Panel Antenna
13.0
ML-5299-HPA1-01
Wide-Band Omni-Directional
Antenna
5.0
ML-2452-APA2-01
Dual-Band
4.0
A.4.3 Additional Antenna Components
The following table lists the Symbol part number for various antenna accessories. This table also
includes the loss for each accessory at both 2.4 and 5.2 GHz.
Item
Symbol Part Number
Loss (db)
@ 2.4 GHz
Description
Loss (db)
@ 5.2 GHz
72PJ
ML-1499-72PJ-01
Cable Extension
2.5
LAK1
ML-1499-LAK1-01
Lightning
Arrestor+
0.75
LAK2
ML-1499-LAK2-01
Lightning Arrestor 0.25
10JK
ML-1499-10JK-01
Jumper Kit
0.75
1.6
25JK
ML-1499-25JK-01
Jumper Kit
1.9
3.5
Technical Specifications
Item
Symbol Part Number
Loss (db)
@ 2.4 GHz
Description
Loss (db)
@ 5.2 GHz
50JK
ML-1499-50JK-01
Jumper Kit
3.75
6.6
100JK
ML-1499-100JK-01
Jumper Kit
7.5
12.8
A.4.4 Antenna Accessory Connectors, Cable Type and Length
The following describes each antenna accessory’s connector and cable type, plus the length.
Item
Connector1
Connector2
Length (meters)
Cable Type
72PJ
RPBNC-F
RPBNC-M
1.83
RG-58
LAK1
RPBNC-F
N-F
0.305
RG-58
LAK2
N-F
N-M
10JK
N-M
N-M
3.05
RG-8
25JK
N-M
N-M
7.62
RG-8
50JK
N-M
N-M
15.24
RG-8
100JK
N-M
N-M
30.48
RG-8
A.5 Country Codes
The following list of countries and their country codes is useful when using the AP-5131 configuration
file, CLI or the MIB to configure the AP-5131:
Country
Code
Country
Code
Argentina
AR
New Zealand
NZ
Australia
AU
Norway
NO
Austria
AT
Oman
OM
Bahrain
BH
Peru
PE
Belarus
BY
Philippines
PH
Belgium
BE
Poland
PL
Brazil
BR
Portugal
PT
A-5
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Bulgaria
BG
Qatar
QA
Canada
CA
Romania
RO
Chile
CL
Russian Federation
RU
Country
Code
Country
Code
China
CN
Saudi Arabia
SA
Colombia
CO
Singapore
SG
Costa Rica
CR
Slovak Republic
SK
Croatia
HR
Slovenia
SI
Cypress
CY
South Africa
ZA
Czech Rep.
CZ
South Korea
KR
Denmark
DK
Spain
ES
Ecuador
EC
Sri Lanka
LK
Estonia
EE
Sweden
SE
Egypt
EG
Switzerland
CH
Finland
FI
Taiwan
TW
France
FR
Thailand
TH
Germany
DE
Turkey
TR
Greece
GR
Ukraine
UA
Hong Kong
HK
UAE
AE
Hungary
HU
United Kingdom
UK
Iceland
IS
USA
US
India
IN
Uruguay
UY
Indonesia
ID
Vietnam
VN
Ireland
IE
Venezuela
VE
Israel
IL
Italy
IT
Japan
JP
Technical Specifications
Jordan
JO
Kazakhanstan
KZ
Kuwait
KW
Country
Code
Latvia
LV
Liechtenstein
LI
Lithuania
LT
Luxembourg
LU
Malaysia
MY
Malta
MT
Mexico
MX
Morocco
MA
Nambia
NA
Netherlands
NL
Country
Code
A-7
A-8
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Customer Support
Symbol Technologies provides its customers with prompt and accurate customer support. Use the
Symbol Support Center as the primary contact for any technical problem, question or support issue
involving Symbol products.
If the Symbol Customer Support specialists cannot solve a problem, access to all technical disciplines
within Symbol becomes available for further assistance and support. Symbol Customer Support
responds to calls by email, telephone or fax within the time limits set forth in individual contractual
agreements.
When contacting Symbol Customer Support, please provide the following information:
•
•
•
serial number of unit
model number or product name
software type and version number.
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
North American Contacts
Inside North America:
Symbol Technologies, Inc.
One Symbol Plaza Holtsville, New York 11742-1300
Telephone: 1-631-738-2400/1-800-SCAN 234
Fax: 1-631-738-5990
Symbol Support Center (for warranty and service information):
telephone: 1-800-653-5350
fax: (631) 738-5410
Email: support@symbol.com
International Contacts
Outside North America:
Symbol Technologies
Symbol Place
Winnersh Triangle, Berkshire, RG41 5TP
United Kingdom
0800-328-2424 (Inside UK)
+44 118 945 7529 (Outside UK)
Customer Support
Web Support Sites
MySymbolCare
http://www.symbol.com/services/msc
Symbol Services Homepage
http://symbol.com/services
Symbol Software Updates
http://symbol.com/services/downloads
Symbol Developer Program
http://software.symbol.com/devzone
Additional Information
Obtain additional information by contacting Symbol at:
1-800-722-6234, inside North America
+1-516-738-5200, in/outside North America
http://www.symbol.com/
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AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Index
A
access options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
access point
CAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
PSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
RSSI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
accessories bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
addresses, Symbol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
administrator access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
antenna options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
antenna support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
antenna, 2.4 GHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
AP-5131 access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
AP-5131 Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
AP-5131 Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
AP-5131 management options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
AP-5131 network topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
AP-5131 operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
AP-5131 placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
AP-5131 statistical displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
AP-5131 version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
AP-5131-13040-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
AP-5131-13041-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1, 2-2
AP-5131-13042-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
AP-5131-13043-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
AP-5131-40020-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
AP-5131-40021-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1, 2-3
AP-5131-40022-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
AP-5131-40023-WW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
AP-PSBIAS-T-1P2-AF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3, 2-4
association process
beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
RSSI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
automatic firmware update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
available AP-5131 product configurations. . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
available protocols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
B
bandwidth management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-45
IN-6
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
basic device configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
CAM stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
PSP stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
BSSID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
bullets, use of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
C
CA certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
CAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
cellular coverage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
certificate authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
certificate management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
CLI, ACL commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-71
CLI, bandwith management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-98
CLI, common commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
CLI, connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
CLI, firewall commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-111
CLI, firmware update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-168
CLI, log commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-155
CLI, network commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12
CLI, network LAN commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
CLI, network LAN, DHCP commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23
CLI, network LAN, VLAN commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16
CLI, network wireless commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-56
CLI, NTP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-152
CLI, QoS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-93
CLI, radio configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-76
CLI, rogue-AP commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-101
CLI, router commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-116
CLI, security commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-62
CLI, serial port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
CLI, SNMP access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-141
CLI, SNMP commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-140
CLI, SNMP traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-146
CLI, statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-175
CLI, system access commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-126
CLI, system commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-121
CLI, system test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-172
CLI, telnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
CLI, type filter commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
CLI, WAN App Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-52
CLI, WAN commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34
CLI, WAN NAT commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-37
CLI, WAN VLAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-43
command line interface (CLI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
config file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
config import/export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
configuration
CLI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
configuration file import/export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
configuration options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
configuration restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
content filtering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-48
conventions, notational. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
country codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3, A-15
customer support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii, B-1
D
data access, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
data decryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
data encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
data security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Desk Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
device firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34
device settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
DHCP support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
DHCP, advanced settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-10
direct-sequence spread spectrum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-20
document conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-vii
dual-radio sku . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
E
EAP authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
electrical characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
event logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-12
F
firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
firewall security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
firewall, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-25
firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
firmware update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34
firmware, updates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34
H
hardware installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1
IN-7
I
MU
importing certificates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
importing/exporting configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
installation, ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
installation, ceiling T-Bar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
installation, desk mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
installation, wall mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
CAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
data decryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
data encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
MU association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
MU association process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
MU-MU transmission disallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
J
N
Java-Based WEB UI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
K
Kerberos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
implementation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Kerberos authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
KeyGuard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 1-7, 6-17
NAT, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
network time protocol (NTP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
network topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
notational conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
NTP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
NTP, configuring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
O
operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
L
LAN port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
LAN to WAN access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-27
LAN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
LAN, statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
LAN, timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
LED indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-14, 2-20
logging configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
login screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3, 4-1
M
MAC layer bridging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
management options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
media types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
MIB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
ML-2499-11PNA2-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
ML-2499-BYGA2-01. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
ML-2499-HPA3-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
ML-5299-WBPBX1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
ML-5299-WPNA1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
monitoring statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
mounting options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
mounting the AP-5131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
P
package contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
phone numbers, Symbol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
power injector, cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
power injector, installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
power injector, LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
power options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
PPP over Ethernet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
product configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
programmable SNMP trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
PSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
PSP stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
MU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Q
QoS support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Quality of Service (QoS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
R
radio options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
radio, retry histogram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
IN-8
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
radio, statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
restore default configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
rogue AP detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
rogue AP detection, allowed APs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
rogue AP, details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
S
secuirty, WPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
decryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
security, content filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
security, firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
security, KeyGuard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
security, rogue AP detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
security, VPN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
security, WLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
security, WPA2-CCMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
self certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
service information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
setting up MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
single sku . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
site surveys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
SNMP Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
SNMP access control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
SNMP settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
SNMP v1/v2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
SNMP v1/v2/v3 trap support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
SNMP v3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
SNMP, access control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
SNMP, RF trap thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
SNMP, specific traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
SNMP, traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
SNMP, v1/v2c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
SNMP, v3 user definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
statistics, AP-5131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
statistics, LAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
statistics, mu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
statistics, radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
statistics, WAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
statistics, WLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
suspended T-Bar installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Symbol support center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
system configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1
system location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
system name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
system settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
system settings, configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
system uptime. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
T
technical support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
testing AP-5131 connectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-11
testing connectivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-11
theory of operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-14
TKIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
transmit power control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-12
type filter, configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-11
V
VLAN support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9
VLAN, config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
VLAN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
VLAN, management tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
VLAN, name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
VLAN, native tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-9
Voice prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-11
VPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
VPN, tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
VPN, auto key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40, 6-41
VPN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-33
VPN, IKE key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-42
VPN, manual key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-36
VPN, status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-46
W
wall mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-13
WAN port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
WAN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-13
WAN, port forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-20
WAN, statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
WEP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
WEP encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 1-6
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
WLAN, ACL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-29
WLAN, creating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-24
WLAN, editing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-24
IN-9
WLAN, enabling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
WLAN, security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27
WLAN, statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
WPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
WPA2-CCMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8, 6-22
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
WPA-CCMP (802.11i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
WPA-TKIP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
WPA, 256-bit keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21
IN-10
AP-5131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Symbol Technologies, Inc.
One Symbol Plaza
Holtsville, New York 11742-1300
http://www.symbol.com
72E-70930-01
Revision A - October 2005