IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch

®
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged
Scalable Switch
IBM Redbooks Product Guide
The IBM Flex System™ Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch provides unmatched scalability,
performance, convergence, and network virtualization, while also delivering innovations to help address a
number of networking concerns today and providing capabilities that will help you prepare for the future.
The switch offers full Layer 2/3 switching as well as FCoE Full Fabric and Fibre Channel NPV Gateway
operations to deliver a truly converged integrated solution, and it is designed to install within the I/O
module bays of the IBM Flex System Enterprise Chassis. The switch can help clients migrate to a 10 Gb
or 40 Gb converged Ethernet infrastructure and offers virtualization features like Virtual Fabric and
VMready®, plus the ability to work with IBM® Distributed Virtual Switch 5000V.
Figure 1 shows the IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch.
Figure 1. IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
Did you know
The CN4093 offers up to 12 external programmable IBM Omni Ports, which provide extreme flexibility
with the choice of SFP+ based 10 Gb Ethernet connectivity or 4/8 Gb Fibre Channel connectivity,
depending on the SFP+ module used.
The CN4093's flexible port licensing allows you to buy only the ports that you need, when you need them.
The base switch configuration includes fourteen 10 GbE connections to the node bays, two 10 GbE SFP+
ports, and six Omni Ports with SFP+ connectors. You then have the flexibility of turning on more 10 GbE
connections to the server, and more Omni Ports and 40 GbE QSFP+ uplink ports (or 4x 10 GbE SFP+
DAC uplinks on each QSFP+ port) when you need them using IBM Features on Demand licensing
capabilities that provide “pay as you grow” scalability without the need for additional hardware.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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Part number information
The CN4093 switch is initially licensed for fourteen 10 GbE internal ports, two external 10 GbE SFP+
ports, and six external Omni Ports enabled. Further ports can be enabled, including fourteen additional
internal ports and two external 40 GbE QSFP+ uplink ports with Upgrade 1, and fourteen additional
internal ports and six additional external Omni Ports with the Upgrade 2 license options. Upgrade 1 and
Upgrade 2 can be applied on the switch independently from each other or in combination for full feature
capability. Table 1 shows the part numbers for ordering the switches and the upgrades.
Table 1. Part numbers and feature codes for ordering
Part
number
Feature code
(x-config / e-config)
00D5823
A3HH / ESW2
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 Converged Scalable Switch (Upgrade 1)
00D5845
A3HL / ESU1
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 Converged Scalable Switch (Upgrade 2)
00D5847
A3HM / ESU2
Description
Switch module
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
Features on Demand upgrades
The part number for the switch includes the following items:





One IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
Important Notices Flyer
Warranty Flyer
Technical Update Flyer
Documentation CD-ROM
Note: Neither QSFP+ nor SFP+ transceivers or cables are included with the switch. They must be
ordered separately (See Table 3).
The switch does not include a serial management cable. However, IBM Flex System Management Serial
Access Cable, 90Y9338, is supported and contains two cables, a mini-USB-to-RJ45 serial cable and a
mini-USB-to-DB9 serial cable, either of which can be used to connect to the switch locally for
configuration tasks and firmware updates.
The part numbers for the upgrades, 00D5845 and 00D5847, include the following items:


Feature on Demand Activation Flyer
Upgrade activation key
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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The base switch and upgrades are as follows:

00D5823 is the part number for the physical device, which comes with 14 internal 10 GbE ports
enabled (one to each node bay), two external 10 GbE SFP+ ports enabled to connect to a top-of-rack
switch or other devices, and six Omni Ports enabled to connect to either Ethernet or Fibre Channel
networking infrastructure, depending on the SFP+ cable or transceiver used.

00D5845 (Upgrade 1) can be applied on the base switch when you need more uplink bandwidth with
two 40 GbE QSFP+ ports that can be converted into 4x 10 GbE SFP+ DAC links with the optional
break-out cables. This upgrade also enables 14 additional internal ports, for a total of 28 ports, to
provide more bandwidth to the compute nodes leveraging 4-port expansion cards.

00D5847 (Upgrade 2) can be applied on the base switch when you need more external Omni Ports
on the switch or if you want additional internal bandwidth to the node bays. The upgrade will enable
the remaining six external Omni Ports, plus 14 additional internal 10 Gb ports, for a total of 28 internal
ports, to provide more bandwidth to the compute nodes leveraging four-port expansion cards.

Both 00D5845 (Upgrade 1) and 00D5847 (Upgrade 2) can be applied on the switch at the same time
to allow you to leverage six ports on an eight-port expansion card, and to utilize all external ports on
the switch.
The following table lists supported port combinations on the switch and required upgrades.
Table 2. Supported port combinations
Quantity required
Supported port combinations
Base switch, 00D5823
Upgrade 1, 00D5845
Upgrade 2, 00D5847
- 14x internal 10 GbE ports
- 2x external 10 GbE SFP+ ports
- 6x external SFP+ Omni Ports
1
0
0
-
1
1
0
- 28x internal 10 GbE ports
- 2x external 10 GbE SFP+ ports
- 12x external SFP+ Omni Ports
1
0
1
-
1
1
1
28x internal 10 GbE ports
2x external 10 GbE SFP+ ports
6x external SFP+ Omni Ports
2x external 40 GbE QSFP+ ports
42x internal 10 GbE ports†
2x external 10 GbE SFP+ ports
12x external SFP+ Omni Ports
2x external 40 GbE QSFP+ ports
† This configuration leverages six of the eight ports on the CN4058 adapter available for IBM Power Systems™
compute nodes.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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Supported transceivers and cables
Table 3 lists the supported cables and transceivers.
Table 3. Supported transceivers and direct-attach cables
Part number
Feature code
(x-config / e-config)
90Y9338
A2RR / None
IBM SFP RJ-45 Transceiver (does not support 10/100 Mbps)
81Y1618
3268 / EB29
IBM SFP SX Transceiver
81Y1622
3269 / EB2A
IBM SFP LX Transceiver
90Y9424
A1PN / ECB8
IBM SFP+ SR Transceiver
46C3447
5053 / EB28
IBM SFP+ LR Transceiver
90Y9412
A1PM / ECB9
10GBase-SR SFP+ (MMFiber) transceiver
44W4408
4942 / 3382
Description
Serial console cables
IBM Flex System Management Serial Access Cable Kit
SFP transceivers - 1 GbE (supported on two dedicated SFP+ ports)
SFP+ transceivers - 10 GbE (supported on SFP+ ports and Omni Ports)
SFP+ direct-attach cables - 10 GbE (supported on SFP+ ports and Omni Ports)
1m IBM Passive DAC SFP+
90Y9427
A1PH / ECB4
3m IBM Passive DAC SFP+
90Y9430
A1PJ / ECB5
5m IBM Passive DAC SFP+
90Y9433
A1PK / ECB6
IBM QSFP+ 40GBASE-SR Transceiver
(Requires either cable 90Y3519 or cable 90Y3521)
49Y7884
A1DR / EB27
10m IBM MTP Fiber Optical Cable (requires transceiver 49Y7884)
90Y3519
A1MM / EB2J
30m IBM MTP Fiber Optical Cable (requires transceiver 49Y7884)
90Y3521
A1MN / EC2K
QSFP+ transceiver and cables - 40 GbE (supported on QSFP+ ports)
QSFP+ breakout cables - 40 GbE to 4x10 GbE (supported on QSFP+ ports)
1m 40Gb QSFP+ to 4 x 10Gb SFP+ Cable
49Y7886
A1DL / EB24
3m 40Gb QSFP+ to 4 x 10Gb SFP+ Cable
49Y7887
A1DM / EB25
5m 40Gb QSFP+ to 4 x 10Gb SFP+ Cable
49Y7888
A1DN / EB26
1m QSFP+ to QSFP+ DAC
49Y7890
A1DP / EB2B
3m QSFP+ to QSFP+ DAC
49Y7891
A1DQ / EB2H
44X1964
5075 / 3286
QSFP+ direct-attach cables - 40 GbE (supported on QSFP+ ports)
SFP+ transceivers - 8 Gb FC (supported on Omni Ports)
IBM 8Gb SFP+ SW Optical Transceiver
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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With the flexibility of the CN4093 switch, clients can take advantage of the technologies that they require
for multiple environments:

For 1 GbE links (supported on external SFP+ ports 1 and 2 only), you can use 1 GbE SFP
transceivers plus RJ-45 cables or LC-to-LC fiber cables, depending on the transceiver.

For 10 GbE (supported on external SFP+ ports and Omni Ports), you can use direct-attached cables
(DAC, also known as Twinax), which come in lengths between 1 m and 5 m. These DACs are a
cost-effective and low-power alternative to transceivers, and are ideal for all 10 Gb Ethernet
connectivity within the rack, or even connecting to an adjacent rack. For longer distances, there is a
choice of SFP+ transceivers (SR or LR) plus LC-to-LC fiber optic cables.

For 40 GbE links (supported on QSFP+ ports), you can use QSFP+ to QSFP+ cables up to 3 m, or
QSFP+ transceivers and MTP cables for longer distances. You also have the ability to break out the
40 GbE ports into four 10 GbE connections using optional break-out cables.

For 8 Gb FC links (supported on Omni Ports only), you can use SFP+ SW transceivers plus LC-to-LC
fiber optics cables.
Benefits
The IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch is considered particularly suited
for these clients:

Clients who want to implement a converged infrastructure with FCoE where the CN4093 acts as a
Full Fabric FC/FCoE switch for the end-to-end FCoE configurations or as an integrated Fibre Channel
Forwarder (FCF) NPV Gateway breaking out FC traffic within the chassis for the native Fibre Channel
SAN connectivity.

Clients who are implementing a virtualized environment.

Clients who require investment protection for 40 GbE uplinks.

Clients who want to reduce TCO and improve performance while maintaining high levels of availability
and security.

Clients who want to avoid or minimize oversubscription, which can result in congestion and loss of
performance.
The switch offers the following key capabilities and benefits:

Convergence and flexibility
One of the key trends that is driving the transformation of the data center is converging to a simplified
networking infrastructure — collapsing Ethernet and Fibre Channel at the server and the edge of the
network while maintaining connectivity upstream to existing LANs and SANs. The CN4093
Converged Switch supports multiple protocols, including Ethernet, Fibre Channel, iSCSI, and FCoE;
IBM Omni Ports give clients the flexibility to choose between 10 Gb Ethernet uplink connections to the
top-of-rack switch and 4/8 Gb Fibre Channel for flexible, scalable, and convenient access to FC
storage.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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
Increased network performance
With the growth of virtualization and the evolution of cloud, many of today’s applications require low
latency and high bandwidth performance. The CN4093 is the embedded 10 GbE switch for a server
chassis to support sub-microsecond latency and up to 1.28 Tbps, while also delivering full line rate
performance on Ethernet ports, making it ideal for managing dynamic workloads across the network.
In addition, this switch provides a rich Layer 2 and Layer 3 feature set that is ideal for many of today’s
data centers. Furthermore, it offers industry-leading uplink bandwidth by being the integrated switch
to support 40 Gb uplinks.

Pay as you grow flexibility
The CN4093's flexible port licensing allows you to buy only the ports that you need, when you need
them. The base switch configuration includes fourteen 10 GbE connections to the servers, two 10
GbE uplinks, and six Omni Ports for either 10 GbE or 4/8 Gb FC connections. You then have the
flexibility of turning on more 10 GbE connections to the server and more Omni Ports or 40 GbE
uplinks when you need them using Features on Demand licensing capabilities, which provide pay as
you grow scalability without the need for additional hardware.

Optimized network virtualization with virtual NICs
With the majority of IT organizations implementing virtualization, there has been an increased need to
reduce the cost and complexity of their environments. IBM is helping to address these requirements
by removing multiple physical I/O ports. IBM Virtual Fabric provides a way for companies to carve up
10 Gb ports into virtual NICs (vNICs) to meet those requirements with Intel processor-based servers.
To help deliver maximum performance per vNIC and to provide higher availability and security with
isolation between vNICs, the switch leverages capabilities of its IBM Networking Operating System.
For large-scale virtualization, the IBM Flex System solution can support up to 32 vNICs by using a
pair of CN4054 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapters in each compute node and four CN4093 10Gb
Converged Scalable Switches in the chassis.

VM-aware networking
Delivering advanced virtualization awareness helps simplify management and automates VM mobility
by making the network VM aware with IBM VMready, which works with all the major hypervisors. For
companies using VMware, IBM System Networking’s Distributed Virtual Switch 5000V (sold
separately) enables network administrators to simplify management by having a consistent virtual and
physical networking environment. 5000V virtual and physical servers use the same configurations,
policies, and management tools. Network policies migrate automatically along with virtual machines
(VMs) to ensure that security, performance, and access remain intact as VMs move from server to
server.
Support for Edge Virtual Bridging (EVB) based on the IEEE 802.1Qbg standard enables scalable,
flexible management of networking configuration and policy requirements per VM and eliminates
many of the networking challenges introduced with server virtualization.

Simplify network infrastructure
The CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch simplifies deployment and growth by using its
innovative scalable architecture. This architecture helps increase return on investment by reducing
the qualification cycle, while providing investment protection for additional I/O bandwidth requirements
in the future. The extreme flexibility of the switch comes from the ability to turn on additional ports as
required, both down to the server and for upstream connections (including 40 GbE). Also, as you
consider migrating to a converged LAN and SAN, the CN4093 supports Omni Ports for Ethernet or
FC connectivity, and it can operate as an integrated FCF, which can be leveraged in an FCoE
converged environment.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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
Integrate network management
A key challenge is the management of a discrete network environment. The CN4093 10Gb
Converged Scalable Switch is tightly integrated and managed through the IBM Flex System Manager.
The switch also supports a command-line interface (CLI) for integration into existing scripting and
automation. Network management can be simplified by using port profiles, topology views, and
virtualization management.
For more advanced levels of management and control, IBM System Networking Element Manager
(SNEM) can significantly reduce deployment and day-to-day maintenance times, while providing
in-depth visibility into the network performance and operations of IBM switches. Furthermore, when
leveraging tools like VMware vCenter Server (formerly VMware VirtualCenter) or vSphere, SNEM
provides additional integration for better optimization.
Features and specifications
The IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch has the following features and
specifications:


Internal ports

Forty-two internal full-duplex 10 Gigabit ports (Fourteen ports are enabled by default. Optional
FoD licenses are required to activate the remaining 28 ports.)

Two internal full-duplex 1 GbE ports connected to the Chassis Management Module
External ports

Two ports for 1 Gb or 10 Gb Ethernet SFP+ transceivers (support for 1000BASE-SX,
1000BASE-LX, 1000BASE-T, 10GBASE-SR, 10GBASE-LR, or SFP+ copper direct-attach cables
(DACs)). These two ports are enabled by default. SFP+ modules and DACs are not included and
must be purchased separately.

Twelve IBM Omni Ports, each of which can operate as a 10 Gb Ethernet (support for
10GBASE-SR, 10GBASE-LR, or 10 GbE SFP+ DACs), or auto-negotiating 4/8 Gb Fibre Channel,
depending on the SFP+ transceiver installed in the port. The first six ports are enabled by default.
An optional FoD license is required to activate the remaining six ports. SFP+ modules and DACs
are not included and must be purchased separately.
Note: Omni Ports do not support 1 Gb Ethernet operations.

Two ports for 40 Gb Ethernet QSFP+ transceivers or QSFP+ DACs (Ports are disabled by
default. An optional FoD license is required to activate them). In addition, you can use break-out
cables to break out each 40 GbE port into four 10 GbE SFP+ connections. QSFP+ modules and
DACs are not included and must be purchased separately.

One RS-232 serial port (mini-USB connector) that provides an additional means to configure the
switch module.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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Scalability and performance

40 Gb Ethernet ports for extreme uplink bandwidth and performance

Fixed-speed external 10 Gb Ethernet ports to leverage 10 Gb core infrastructure

Non-blocking architecture with wire-speed forwarding of traffic and aggregated throughput of 1.28
Tbps on Ethernet ports

Media access control (MAC) address learning: automatic update, support for up to 128,000 MAC
addresses

Up to 128 IP interfaces per switch

Static and LACP (IEEE 802.3ad) link aggregation, up to 220 Gb of total uplink bandwidth per
switch, up to 64 trunk groups, up to 16 ports per group

Support for jumbo frames (up to 9,216 bytes)

Broadcast/multicast storm control

IGMP snooping to limit flooding of IP multicast traffic

IGMP filtering to control multicast traffic for hosts participating in multicast groups

Configurable traffic distribution schemes over trunk links based on source/destination IP or MAC
addresses, or both

Fast port forwarding and fast uplink convergence for rapid STP convergence
Availability and redundancy

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) for Layer 3 router redundancy

IEEE 802.1D STP for providing L2 redundancy

IEEE 802.1s Multiple STP (MSTP) for topology optimization; up to 32 STP instances are
supported by a single switch

IEEE 802.1w Rapid STP (RSTP) provides rapid STP convergence for critical delay-sensitive
traffic such as voice or video

Per-VLAN Rapid STP (PVRST) enhancements

Layer 2 Trunk Failover to support active/standby configurations of network adapter teaming on
compute nodes

Hot Links provides basic link redundancy with fast recovery for network topologies that require
Spanning Tree to be turned off
VLAN support

Up to 1024 VLANs supported per switch, with VLAN numbers ranging from 1 to 4095 (4095 is
used for management module’s connection only.)

802.1Q VLAN tagging support on all ports

Private VLANs
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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Security

VLAN-based, MAC-based, and IP-based access control lists (ACLs)

802.1x port-based authentication

Multiple user IDs and passwords

User access control

Radius, TACACS+, and LDAP authentication and authorization
Quality of Service (QoS)

Support for IEEE 802.1p, IP ToS/DSCP, and ACL-based (MAC/IP source and destination
addresses, VLANs) traffic classification and processing

Traffic shaping and re-marking based on defined policies

Eight Weighted Round Robin (WRR) priority queues per port for processing qualified traffic
IP v4 Layer 3 functions

Host management

IP forwarding

IP filtering with ACLs; up to 896 ACLs supported

VRRP for router redundancy

Support for up to 128 static routes

Routing protocol support (RIP v1, RIP v2, OSPF v2, BGP-4); up to 2048 entries in a routing table

Support for DHCP Relay

Support for IGMP snooping and IGMP relay

Support for Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) in Sparse Mode (PIM-SM) and Dense Mode
(PIM-DM).
IP v6 Layer 3 functions

IPv6 host management (except default switch management IP address)

IPv6 forwarding

Up to 128 static routes

Support for OSPF v3 routing protocol

IPv6 filtering with ACLs
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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
Virtualization

Virtual NICs (vNICs)

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Ethernet, iSCSI, or FCoE traffic is supported on vNICs
802.1Qbg Edge Virtual Bridging (EVB) is an emerging IEEE standard for allowing networks to
become virtual machine (VM)-aware.

Virtual Ethernet Bridging (VEB) and Virtual Ethernet Port Aggregator (VEPA) are mechanisms
for switching between VMs on the same hypervisor.

Edge Control Protocol (ECP) is a transport protocol that operates between two peers over an
IEEE 802 LAN providing reliable, in-order delivery of upper layer protocol data units.

Virtual Station Interface (VSI) Discovery and Configuration Protocol (VDP) allows centralized
configuration of network policies that will persist with the VM, independent of its location.

EVB Type-Length-Value (TLV) is used to discover and configure VEPA, ECP, and VDP.
VMready
Converged Enhanced Ethernet

Priority-Based Flow Control (PFC) (IEEE 802.1Qbb) extends 802.3x standard flow control to allow
the switch to pause traffic based on the 802.1p priority value in each packet’s VLAN tag.

Enhanced Transmission Selection (ETS) (IEEE 802.1Qaz) provides a method for allocating link
bandwidth based on the 802.1p priority value in each packet’s VLAN tag.

Data Center Bridging Capability Exchange Protocol (DCBX) (IEEE 802.1AB) allows neighboring
network devices to exchange information about their capabilities.
Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE)

FC-BB5 FCoE specification compliant

Native FC Forwarder switch operations

End-to-end FCoE support (initiator to target)

FCoE Initialization Protocol (FIP) support
Fibre Channel

Omni Ports support 4/8 Gb FC when FC SFPs+ are installed in these ports

Full Fabric mode for end-to-end FCoE or NPV Gateway mode for external FC SAN attachments
(support for IBM B-type, Brocade, and Cisco MDS external SANs)

Fabric services in Full Fabric mode:




Name Server
Registered State Change Notification (RSCN)
Login services
Zoning
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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

Manageability

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP V1, V2 and V3)

HTTP browser GUI

Telnet interface for CLI

SSH

Secure FTP (sFTP)

Service Location Protocol (SLP)

Serial interface for CLI

Scriptable CLI

Firmware image update (TFTP and FTP)

Network Time Protocol (NTP) for switch clock synchronization
Monitoring

Switch LEDs for external port status and switch module status indication

Remote Monitoring (RMON) agent to collect statistics and proactively monitor switch performance

Port mirroring for analyzing network traffic passing through the switch

Change tracking and remote logging with syslog feature

Support for sFLOW agent for monitoring traffic in data networks (separate sFLOW analyzer
required elsewhere)

POST diagnostics
The following features are not supported with IPv6:











Default switch management IP address
SNMP trap host destination IP address
Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) and DHCP
RADIUS, TACACS+, and LDAP
QoS metering and re-marking ACLs for out-profile traffic
VMware Virtual Center (vCenter) for VMready
Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
sFLOW
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
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Standards supported
The CN4058 switch supports the following standards:






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















IEEE 802.1AB Data Center Bridging Capability Exchange Protocol (DCBX)
IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
IEEE 802.1p Class of Service (CoS) prioritization
IEEE 802.1s Multiple STP (MSTP)
IEEE 802.1Q Tagged VLAN (frame tagging on all ports when VLANs are enabled)
IEEE 802.1Qbg Edge Virtual Bridging
IEEE 802.1Qbb Priority-Based Flow Control (PFC)
IEEE 802.1Qaz Enhanced Transmission Selection (ETS)
IEEE 802.1x port-based authentication
IEEE 802.1w Rapid STP (RSTP)
IEEE 802.2 Logical Link Control
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet
IEEE 802.3ab 1000BASE-T copper twisted pair Gigabit Ethernet
IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation Control Protocol
IEEE 802.3ae 10GBASE-SR short range fiber optics 10 Gb Ethernet
IEEE 802.3ae 10GBASE-LR long range fiber optics 10 Gb Ethernet
IEEE 802.3ba 40GBASE-SR4 short range fiber optics 40 Gb Ethernet
IEEE 802.3ba 40GBASE-CR4 copper 40 Gb Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet
IEEE 802.3x Full-duplex Flow Control
IEEE 802.3z 1000BASE-SX short range fiber optics Gigabit Ethernet
IEEE 802.3z 1000BASE-LX long range fiber optics Gigabit Ethernet
SFF-8431 10GSFP+Cu SFP+ Direct Attach Cable
FC-BB-5 FCoE
Supported chassis and adapter cards
The switches are installed in switch bays in the rear of the IBM Flex System Enterprise Chassis, as shown
in the following figure. Switches are normally installed in pairs because I/O adapter cards installed in the
compute nodes route to two switch bays for redundancy and performance.
Figure 2. Location of the switch bays in the IBM Flex System Enterprise Chassis
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
12
The connections between the adapters installed in the compute nodes to the switch bays in the chassis
are shown diagrammatically in the following figure. The figure shows both half-wide servers, such as the
x240 with two adapters, and full-wide servers, such as the p460 with four adapters.
Figure 3. Logical layout of the interconnects between I/O adapters and I/O modules
The CN4093 switch can be installed in bays 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the Enterprise chassis. A supported adapter
card must be installed in the corresponding slot of the compute node (slot A1 when switches are installed
in bays 1 and 2 or slot A2 when switches are in bays 3 and 4). With four-port adapters, an optional
Upgrade 1 (00D5845) or Upgrade 2 (00D5847) is required for the switch to allow communications on all
four ports. With eight-port adapters, both optional Upgrade 1 (90Y3562) and Upgrade 2 (88Y6037) are
required for the switch to allow communications on six adapter ports. Two remaining ports are reserved
for future use.
In compute nodes that have an integrated dual-port 10 GbE network interface controller (NIC), NIC ports
are routed to bays 1 and 2 with a specialized periscope connector, and the adapter card in slot A1 is not
required. However, when needed, the periscope connector can be replaced with the adapter card. In this
case, integrated NIC will be disabled.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
13
The following table shows the connections between adapters installed in the compute nodes to the switch
bays in the chassis.
Table 4. Adapter to I/O bay correspondence
I/O adapter slot
in the server
Corresponding I/O module bay in the chassis
Port on the adapter
Bay 1
Port 1
Yes
Port 2
Port 3*
Slot 1
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Port 8#
Yes
Port 1
Yes
Port 2
Yes
Port 3*
Slot 2
Yes
Port 4*
Yes
Port 5**
Yes
Port 6**
Yes
Port 7#
Yes
Port 8#
Port 1
Yes
Yes
Port 2
Port 3*
Slot 3
(full-wide compute nodes only)
Yes
Yes
Port 4*
Port 5**
Yes
Yes
Port 6**
Port 7#
Yes
Yes
Port 8#
Yes
Port 1
Yes
Port 2
Port 3*
Slot 4
(full-wide compute nodes only)
Bay 4
Yes
Port 6**
Port 7#
Bay 3
Yes
Port 4*
Port 5**
Bay 2
Yes
Yes
Port 4*
Port 5**
Yes
Yes
Port 6**
Port 7#
Port 8#
Yes
Yes
Yes
* Ports 3 and 4 require Upgrade 1 or Upgrade 2 for the CN4093 switch.
** Ports 5 and 6 require both Upgrade 1 and Upgrade 2 for the CN4093 switch.
** Ports 7 and 8 are reserved for future use.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
14
The following table lists the I/O adapters supported by the CN4093 switch.
Table 5. Supported network adapters
Part
number
Feature code
(x-config / e-config) CN4093
Embedded 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapter (2-port)
None
None / None
Yes*
IBM Flex System Embedded 10Gb Virtual Fabric Upgrade
(Feature on Demand to provide FCoE and iSCSI support)
90Y9310
A2TD / None
Yes
IBM Flex System CN4054 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapter (4-port)
90Y3554
A1R1 / None
Yes
IBM Flex System CN4054 Virtual Fabric Adapter (SW Upgrade)
(Feature on Demand to provide FCoE and iSCSI support)
90Y3558
A1R0 / None
Yes
IBM Flex System CN4058 8-port 10Gb Converged Adapter
None
None / EC24
Yes
IBM Flex System EN4054 4-port 10Gb Ethernet Adapter
None
None / 1762
Yes
IBM Flex System EN4132 2-port 10Gb Ethernet Adapter
90Y3466
A1QY / None
No
IBM Flex System EN4132 2-port 10Gb RoCE Adapter
None
None / EC26
No
Embedded 1 Gb Ethernet controller (2-port)
None
None / None
Yes
IBM Flex System EN2024 4-port 1Gb Ethernet Adapter
49Y7900
A10Y / 1763
Yes
Description
10 Gb Ethernet
1 Gb Ethernet
* The Embedded 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapter is included in models of the x240 with model numbers of the form x2x.
The adapters are installed in slots in each compute node. The following figure shows the locations of the
slots in the x240 Compute Node. The positions of the adapters in the other supported servers are similar.
Figure 4. Location of the I/O adapter slots in the IBM Flex System x240 Compute Node
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
15
Connectors and LEDs
Figure 5 shows the front panel of the IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch.
Figure 5. Front panel of the IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
The following components are located on the front panel:

LEDs that display the status of the switch module and the network:

The OK LED indicates that the switch module has passed the power-on self-test (POST) with no
critical faults and is operational.

Identify: This blue LED can be used to identify the switch physically by illuminating via the
management software.

The error LED (switch module error) indicates that the switch module has failed the POST or
detected an operational fault.

One mini-USB RS-232 console port that provides an additional means to configure the switch
module. This mini-USB-style connector enables connection of a special serial cable. (The cable is
optional and it is not included with the switch. See the Part number information section for details.)

Two external SFP+ ports for 1 Gb or 10 Gb connections to external Ethernet devices.

Twelve external SFP+ Omni Ports for 10 Gb connections to the external Ethernet devices or 4/8 Gb
FC connections to the external SAN devices.

Two external QSFP+ port connectors to attach QSFP+ modules or cables for a single 40 Gb uplink
per port or for splitting of a single port into 4x 10 Gb connections to external Ethernet devices.

A link OK LED and a Tx/Rx LED for each external port on the switch module.

A mode LED for each pair of Omni Ports indicating the operating mode. (OFF indicates the port pair is
configured for Ethernet operation, and ON indicates the port pair is configured for Fibre Channel
operation.)
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
16
Network cabling requirements
The network cables that can be used with the CN4093 switch are shown in the following table.
Table 6. CN4093 network cabling requirements
Transceiver
Standard
Cable
Connector
IBM QSFP+ 40GBASE-SR
Transceiver (49Y7884)
40GBASE-SR4
10 m or 30 m IBM MTP fiber optics cables (see
Table 3)
MTP
Direct attach cable
40GBASE-CR4
1 m or 3 m QSFP+ to QSFP+ DACs (see Table 3)
QSFP+
IBM SFP+ SR Transceiver
(46C3447)
10GBASE-SR
850 nm multimode fiber cable (50 µ or 62.5 µ) up to
300 m
LC
IBM SFP+ LR Transceiver
(90Y9412)
10GBASE-LR
1310 nm single-mode fiber cable up to 10 km
LC
10GBase-SR SFP+
(MMFiber) transceiver
(44W4408)
10GBASE-SR
850 nm multimode fiber cable (50 µ or 62.5 µ) up to
300 m
LC
Direct attach cable
10GSFP+Cu
Up to 5 m SFP+ copper DACs (see Table 3)
SFP+
IBM SFP RJ-45 Transceiver 1000BASE-T
(81Y1618)
UTP Category 5, 5E, and 6 up to 100 meters
RJ-45
IBM SFP SX Transceiver
(81Y1622)
1000BASE-SX
850 nm multimode fiber cable (50 µ or 62.5 µ) up to
550 m
LC
IBM SFP LX Transceiver
(90Y9424)
1000BASE-LX
1310 nm single-mode fiber cable up to 10 km
LC
FC-PI-4 (8GFC)
850 nm multimode fiber, 50 µ (up to 150 meters) or
62.5 µ (up to 21 meters)
LC
External 1 GbE
management port
1000BASE-T
UTP Category 5, 5E, and 6 up to 100 meters
RJ-45
External RS-232
management port
RS-232
DB-9-to-mini-USB or RJ-45-to-mini-USB console
cable (comes with optional Management Serial
Access Cable, 90Y9338)
Mini-USB
40 Gb Ethernet
10 Gb Ethernet
1 Gb Ethernet
8 Gb Fibre Channel
IBM 8Gb SFP+ SW Optical
Transceiver (44X1964)
Management ports
Warranty
There is a 1-year, customer-replaceable unit (CRU) limited warranty. When installed in a chassis, the
switch assumes your system’s base warranty and any IBM ServicePac® upgrade.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
17
Physical specifications
These are the approximate dimensions and weight of the switch:




Height: 30 mm (1.2 in.)
Width: 401 mm (15.8 in.)
Depth: 317 mm (12.5 in.)
Weight: 3.7 kg (8.1 lb)
Shipping dimensions and weight (approximate):




Height: 114 mm (4.5 in.)
Width: 508 mm (20.0 in.)
Depth: 432 mm (17.0 in.)
Weight: 4.1 kg (9.1 lb)
Regulatory compliance
The switches conform to the following standards:











United States FCC 47 CFR Part 15, Subpart B, ANSI C63.4 (2003), Class A
IEC/EN 60950-1, Second Edition
Canada ICES-003, issue 4, Class A
Japan VCCI, Class A
Australia/New Zealand AS/NZS CISPR 22:2006, Class A
Taiwan BSMI CNS13438, Class A
CE Mark (EN55022 Class A, EN55024, EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3)
CISPR 22, Class A
China GB 9254-1998
Turkey Communique 2004/9; Communique 2004/22
Saudi Arabia EMC.CVG, 28 October 2002
Popular configurations
The following usage scenarios are described:


CN4093 FCoE Virtual Fabric in the Full Fabric mode (end-to-end FCoE)
CN4093 FCoE Virtual Fabric in the NPV Gateway mode (FC Forwarder)
CN4093 FCoE Virtual Fabric in the Full Fabric mode (end-to-end FCoE)
The CN4093 Virtual Fabric vNIC solution is based on the IBM Flex System Enterprise Chassis with a 10
Gb Converged Enhanced Ethernet (CEE) infrastructure and 10 Gb Virtual Fabric Adapters (VFAs)
installed in each compute node. In Virtual Fabric mode, the CN4093 10 Gb switch is vNIC-aware, that is,
the configuration of vNICs is done on a switch, then it propagates vNIC parameters to VFA using the
DataCenter Bridging eXchange (DCBX) protocol. vNIC bandwidth allocation and metering is performed by
both the switch and the VFA. In such a case, a bidirectional virtual channel of an assigned bandwidth is
established between them for every defined vNIC. Up to 32 vNICs can be configured on a half-wide
compute node.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
18
In the Full Fabric mode, the CN4093 converged switch has 10 GbE uplinks to the G8264 top-of-rack
switch for external LAN connectivity, and is connected to the integrated IBM Flex System V7000 Storage
Node with native FCoE interface via internal 10 GbE links, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 6. CN4093 Virtual Fabric in the Full Fabric mode (end-to-end FCoE)
The solution components used in the scenario depicted in Figure 6 are listed in Table 7.
Table 7. Components used in an end-to-end FCoE solution with the CN4093 switch (Figure 6)
Diagram
reference
Description
Part
number
Quantity
IBM Flex System x240 Compute Node or other supported server
Varies
Varies
IBM Flex System CN4054 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapter
90Y3554
1 per server
IBM Flex System CN4054 Virtual Fabric Adapter Upgrade
90Y3558
1 per VFA
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
00D5823
2
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 Converged Scalable Switch
(Upgrade 1)
00D5845
1 per CN4093
IBM Flex System end -to-end FCoE solution
IBM Flex System V 7000 Storage Node
IBM RackSwitch G 8264
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
19
CN4093 FCoE Virtual Fabric in the NPV Gateway mode
As part of an IBM FCoE solution, the IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
can operate as an integrated FC Forwarder in the NPV Gateway mode, providing the capability to connect
to the external IBM B-type, Brocade, or Cisco MDS storage networks, as shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8.
Figure 7. CN4093 as an NPV Gateway connected to the IBM B-type SAN
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
20
Figure 8. CN4093 as an NPV Gateway connected to the Cisco MDS SAN
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
21
The solution components used in the scenarios depicted in Figure 7 and Figure 8 are listed in Table 8 and
Table 9 respectively.
Table 8. CN4093 as an NPV Gateway connected to the IBM B-type SAN (Figure 7)
Diagram
reference
Description
Part
number
Quantity
IBM Flex System x240 Compute Node or other supported server
Varies
Varies
IBM Flex System CN4054 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapter
90Y3554
1 per server
IBM Flex System CN4054 Virtual Fabric Adapter Upgrade
90Y3558
1 per VFA
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
00D5823
2
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 Converged Scalable Switch
(Upgrade 1)
00D5845
1 per CN4093
IBM Flex System FCoE solution
IBM RackSwitch G 8264
IBM B-type or Brocade SAN fabric
IBM System Storage FC disk controllers
IBM System Storage DS3000 / DS5000
IBM System Storage DS8000
IBM Storwize V7000 / SAN Volume Controller
IBM XIV
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
22
Table 9. CN4093 as an NPV Gateway connected to the Cisco MDS SAN (Figure 8)
Diagram
reference
Description
Part
number
Quantity
IBM Flex System x240 Compute Node or other supported server
Varies
Varies
IBM Flex System CN4054 10Gb Virtual Fabric Adapter
90Y3554
1 per server
IBM Flex System CN4054 Virtual Fabric Adapter Upgrade
90Y3558
1 per VFA
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
00D5823
2
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 Converged Scalable Switch
(Upgrade 1)
00D5845
1 per CN4093
IBM Flex System FCoE solution
IBM RackSwitch G 8264
Cisco MDS SAN fabric
IBM System Storage FC disk controllers
IBM System Storage DS3000 / DS5000
IBM System Storage DS8000
IBM Storwize V7000 / SAN Volume Controller
IBM XIV
Note: You also need SFP+ modules and optical cables or SFP+ DACs (not shown in Table 8 and Table 9;
see Table 3 for details) for the external 10 Gb Ethernet connectivity, and SW 8 Gb FC SFP+ transceivers
and optical cables (also identified in Table 3) for the external Fibre Channel connectivity.
IBM provides extensive FCoE testing to deliver network interoperability. For a full listing of IBM supported
FCoE and iSCSI configurations, see the System Storage Interoperation Center (SSIC) website at:
http://ibm.com/systems/support/storage/ssic
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
23
Related publications
For more information see the following IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable
Switch product publications, available from the IBM Flex System Information Center:
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/flexsys/information/index.jsp



Installation Guide
Application Guide
Command Reference
These are other useful references:

IBM US Announcement Letter for the CN4093
http://ibm.com/common/ssi/cgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=dd&subtype=ca&&htmlfid=897/ENUS112-185

IBM Flex System Enterprise Chassis Product Guide
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/abstracts/tips0865.html

IBM Redbooks® publication IBM Flex System Products and Technology, SG24-7984
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/abstracts/sg247984.html

IBM Flex System Interoperability Guide
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/abstracts/redpfsig.html?Open

IBM Redbooks Product Guides for IBM Flex System servers and options
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/portals/puresystems

Configuration and Option Guide
http://www.ibm.com/systems/xbc/cog/

IBM Support: FixCentral
http://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
24
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Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Therefore, the results obtained
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COPYRIGHT LICENSE:
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© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2012. All rights reserved.
Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights -- Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by
GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
25
This document was created or updated on November 9, 2012.
Send us your comments in one of the following ways:
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IBM Flex System Fabric CN4093 10Gb Converged Scalable Switch
26