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White paper
March 2015
Xperia™ M4 Aqua
E2303/E2306/E2353
White paper | Xperia™ M4 Aqua
Purpose of this document
Sony Mobile Communications product White papers are intended to give an overview of a product and
provide details in relevant areas of technology.
NOTE: The illustration that appears on the title page is for reference only. All screen images and elements
are subject to change without prior notice.
This document is published by Sony Mobile
Communications AB, without any warranty*.
Improvements and changes to this text
necessitated by typographical errors,
inaccuracies of current information or
improvements to programs and/or equipment
may be made by Sony Mobile Communications
AB at any time and without notice. Such changes
will, however, be incorporated into new editions
of this document. Printed versions are to be
regarded as temporary reference copies only.
This White paper is published by:
Sony Mobile Communications AB,
SE-221 88 Lund, Sweden
www.sonymobile.com
© Sony Mobile Communications AB, 2009-2015.
All rights reserved. You are hereby granted a
license to download and/or print a copy of this
document.
Any rights not expressly granted herein are
reserved.
*All implied warranties, including without
limitation the implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose, are excluded. In no event shall Sony or
its licensors be liable for incidental or
consequential damages of any nature, including
but not limited to lost profits or commercial loss,
arising out of the use of the information in this
document.
First released version (March 2015)
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Document history
Version
March 2015
First released version
Version 1
April 2015
Second released version
Version 2
April 2015
Third released version
Version 3
May 2015
Fourth released version
Version 4
May 2015
Fifth released version
Version 5
May 2015
Sixth released version
Version 6
June 2015
Seventh released version
Version 7
Sony Mobile Developer World
For the latest technical documentation and development tools, go to www.sonymobile.com/developer.
March 2015
White paper | Xperia™ M4 Aqua
Table of contents
Product overview ..........................................................................................................2
Product specifications ...........................................................................................3
Categorised feature list ..........................................................................................6
Technologies in detail ...................................................................................................8
Accessibility and Usability ....................................................................................8
Device-to-device communications (local) .............................................................9
ANT+™ wireless technology...............................................................................9
Bluetooth® wireless technology .........................................................................9
Wi-Fi® ...............................................................................................................10
DLNA Certified® (Digital Living Network Alliance) ............................................11
Messaging ...........................................................................................................12
MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service)..............................................................12
Email .................................................................................................................12
Positioning – location based services .................................................................13
Provisioning (OMA CP) ........................................................................................13
Multimedia (audio, image and video) ...................................................................14
Synchronisation (OMA DS, EAS, Google Sync™) ...............................................15
Web browser .......................................................................................................15
Memory in Android™ devices .............................................................................16
Trademarks and acknowledgements ..................................................................20
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Product overview
The all-terrain smartphone
The Xperia™ M4 Aqua boasts the highest waterproof and dust resistant rating as well as an exceptional
up to 2-day battery life. This compact smartphone also includes a 13 Megapixel camera for taking
photographs on the go and a 5 Megapixel camera for taking selfies.
Great pictures anywhere
The Xperia™ M4 Aqua impresses with an ISO sensitivity setting of 3200 and great performance in low
light conditions. Using the built-in Exmor RS stacked CMOS sensor, HDR technology and Superior Auto
mode, photos taken using the Xperia™ M4 Aqua are sharp and vivid even in difficult lighting conditions.
Excellent blur-free video
The Xperia™ M4 Aqua has all you need to make great videos. Capture the action as you go and don’t
worry about keeping the camera still. SteadyShot™ does that for you by compensating for small camera
movements or shaking as you record. Meanwhile, the new Movie Creator app adds the ability to
automatically create highlight reels from the videos and images stored in your album.
Power saving modes
STAMINA mode can maximize Xperia™ M4 Aqua’s standby and active usage time by preventing apps
from running when screen is off and adjusting performance in favor of longer usage time. When the
battery is fully charged, you can even extend battery life to one-week-long by activating Ultra STAMINA
mode keeping only basic phone functionalities.
Move and multi-task
When you’re multi-tasking over Wi-Fi® or a mobile network, the Xperia™ M4 Aqua delivers the speed you
need. Download email with attachments in seconds and enjoy video streaming with no delays or
unwanted buffering. With a Qualcomm MSM8939 Octa-core 1.5 GHz processor and Android 5.0 Lollipop,
you can enjoy seamless multi-tasking and optimal graphics performance.
Water and dust proof
Take great pictures in any weather. The Xperia™ M4 Aqua is waterproof and dust-tight. So whether you
get caught out in the rain, or you're on a sandy beach or a dusty trail, you can still use your device.
* The Xperia™ M4 Aqua is waterproof and protected against dust, so don’t worry if you get caught in the
rain or want to wash off dirt under a tap, but remember: all ports and attached covers should be firml
closed. You should not: put the device completely underwater; or expose it to seawater, salt water,
chlorinated water or liquids such as drinks. Abuse and improper use of device will invalidate warranty. The
device has Ingress Protection rating IP65/68. For more info see www.sonymobile.com/waterproof. Note
the Xperia™ M4 Aqua has a capless USB port to connect and charge. The USB port needs to be
completely dry before charging.
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Product specifications
Operating system
Google™ Android™ 5.0 (Lollipop)
Processor
Snapdragon 615 Octa Core processor (Quad-core 1.5 GHz +
Quad core 1.0 GHz)
GPU
Adreno 405
Size
145.5 x 72.59 x 7.3 mm
Weight
136 grams
Available colours
Black
White
Coral
Silver
Main screen
Colours
16,777,216 colour TFT, IPS
Resolution
1280x720 pixels
Size (diagonal)
5.0 inches
Scratch-resistant
Yes - Touch panel cover glass
Input mechanisms
Text input
On-screen QWERTY keyboard,12-key input
Touch screen
Capacitive
Touch gesture
Yes – multi-touch, up to 4 fingers
Handwriting recognition
Yes
Memory
RAM
2 GB
Flash memory
Up to 8 GB* (E2303, E2353)
Up to 16 GB* (E2306)
Internal Storage
Up to 3 GB* (E2303, E2353)
(before you update preloaded Up to 11 GB* (E2306)
applications)
Expansion slot
microSD™ card, up to 128 GB
Camera
Camera resolution
13 MP
Digital zoom
4x
Video recording
Yes – HD 1080p
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Front Camera
Yes – FHD 1080p for video chat and 5 MP for camera capture
Sensors
Accelerometer
Yes
Ambient light sensor
Yes
Proximity sensor
Yes
Magnetometer
Yes
Networks
E2303
UMTS HSPA+ 900 (Band VIII), 850 (Band V), 1900 (Band II),
2100 (Band I) MHz
GSM GPRS/EDGE 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
LTE Bands 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 20
E2306
UMTS HSPA+ 900 (Band VIII), 850 (Band V), 1700 (Band IV),
1900 (Band II), 2100 (Band I) MHz
GSM GPRS/EDGE 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
LTE Bands 2, 4, 5, 7, 12, 13, 17, 28
E2353
UMTS HSPA+ 900 (Band VIII), 850 (Band V), 1900 (Band II),
2100 (Band I) MHz
GSM GPRS/EDGE 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
LTE Bands 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 28, 40
Data transfer speeds
GSM GPRS
(upload and download)
Up to 107 kbps (download), Up to 85.6 kbps (upload).
GSM EDGE
(upload and download)
Up to 296 kbps (download). Up to 236.8 kbps (upload).
UMTS HSUPA (upload)
Cat. 6, up to 5.76 Mbps
UMTS HSDPA (download)
Cat. 24, up to 42.2 Mbps
LTE (upload and download)
Cat. 4, up to 50 Mbps (upload), up to 150 Mbps (download)
HAC/TTY support
HAC
M3/T3 (E2306**)
TTY
Yes (E2306**)
Battery performance
Talk time (GSM)
Up to 12 hours 42 min.***
Standby time (GSM)
Up to 681 hours***
Talk time (UMTS)
Up to 13 hours 17 min.***
Standby time (UMTS)
Up to 685 hours***
Standby time (LTE)
Up to 547 hours***
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Music listening time
Up to 64 hours 46 min.***
Video playback time
Up to 6 hours 57 min.***
Battery (Embedded)
2400 mAh
* The E2303 and E2353 have 3 GB of free memory (before you update preloaded applications) available to
the user for downloaded applications and their data, music, pictures and movies while each device has up
to 8 GB of flash memory in total. The E2306 has 11 GB of free memory (before you update preloaded
applications) available to the user for downloaded applications and their data, music, pictures and movies
while the device has up to 16 GB of flash memory in total. For more details about memory, see “Memory in
Android™ devices” on page 16.
** The TTY (Teletypewriter) feature is for deaf or hearing-impaired users. Only the E2306 model supports
HAC and TTY.
*** Values are according to GSM Association Battery Life Measurement Technique as performed in controlled laboratory conditions. Actual time may vary.
NOTE: Battery performance may vary depending on network conditions and configurations, and device
usage.
NOTE: All performance metrics are measured under laboratory conditions.
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Categorised feature list
Camera
Music
Internet
13 megapixel camera
4x digital zoom
Auto focus
Face detection
Fast capture
Flash/Photo light
Geotagging
HDR for Movies (Main Camera)
HD video recording (1080p)
Image stabiliser
Quick Launch
Red-eye reduction
Scene recognition
Self-timer
Send to web
Superior Auto
Smile Shutter™
Sony Exmor RS® for mobile
SteadyShot™
Sweep Panorama
Touch capture
Touch focus
Video stabiliser
White balance
Album art
Bluetooth® stereo (A2DP)
ClearAudio+
Clear Bass™
Clear Phase™
Dynamic normaliser
Manual equaliser
SensMe™
Music application
xLoud™ Experience
Bookmarks
Google Chrome™*
Google Play™
Google™ search*
Google Voice™ Search*
Google Maps™ for Mobile with
Street view*
Communication
Messaging
Design
Call list
Conference calls
Facebook™ application*
Hangouts™*
HD voice support
Loud Speaker
Multiple IM
Noise suppression
Speakerphone
Twitter™ application*
Xperia™ with Facebook™
Conversations
Email
Google mail™*
Handwriting recognition
Instant messaging
Multimedia messaging (MMS)
Predictive text input
Text messaging (SMS)
Battery STAMINA mode
Gesture input
Illumination effect
IPX5 and IPX8 (waterproof)**
IP6X (Dust tight)
On-screen 12-key keyboard
On-screen QWERTY keyboard
Picture wallpaper
Screen capturing
Touch screen
Video screen capture
Voice input
Wallpaper animation
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Entertainment
Organiser
Connectivity
Media browser
Motion gaming
PlayMemories*
Radio (FM radio with RDS)
Sony Entertainment Network***
Video streaming
YouTube™*
Airplane mode
Alarm clock
Calculator
Calendar
Contacts
Document readers
eCompass™
Notes
Setup guide
Stopwatch
Timer
World clock
3.5 mm audio jack (CTIA)
ANT+™ sport, fitness, health support
aGPS*
Bluetooth® 4.1 wireless
technology
DLNA Certified®
GLONASS
Media Transfer Protocol support
Micro USB support
Miracast
Native USB tethering
Media Go™*
NFC
PC Companion
Play Anywhere
Smart Connect
Synchronisation via Facebook™
Synchronisation via SyncML™
Synchronisation via Google™
Synchronisation with computer
Synchronisation via Microsoft®
Exchange ActiveSync®
USB High speed 2.0 support
USB mass storage
Xperia Link™
Wi-Fi®
Wi-Fi® Hotspot functionality
* This service is not available in all markets.
** The Xperia™ M4 Aqua is waterproof and protected against dust, so don’t worry if you get caught in the
rain or want to wash off dirt under a tap, but remember: all ports and attached covers should be firml
closed. You should not: put the device completely underwater; or expose it to seawater, salt water,
chlorinated water or liquids such as drinks. Abuse and improper use of device will invalidate warranty. The
device has Ingress Protection rating IP65/68. For more info see www.sonymobile.com/waterproof. Note
the Xperia™ M4 Aqua has a capless USB port to connect and charge. The USB port needs to be
completely dry before charging.
*** Sony Entertainment Network with Music Unlimited is not available in every market. Separate
subscription required. Additional terms and conditions apply.
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Technologies in detail
The information presented in this section is a general overview of the technology incorporated into the
product. However, hardware and software levels of compliance to standards and specifications vary
between products and markets. For more information, contact Sony Mobile Developer World or the
relevant Sony representative.
Accessibility and Usability
Accessibility and Usability
Talkback*
Yes but default is off
Captions*
Yes but default is off
Magnifications gestures*
Yes but default is off
Large Text*
Yes but default is disabled
High Contrast Text*
Yes but default is disabled
Power button ends call*
Yes but default is disabled
Auto-rotation*
Yes but default is disabled
Speak Passwords*
Yes but default is disabled
Accessibility Shortcuts*
Yes but default is off
Text – to – Speech*
Yes
Touch and hold delay*
Yes, default is “short”
Color Inversion*
Yes but default is disabled
Color correction*
Yes but default is disabled
Hearing Aid Compatibility (HAC)
Yes
Teletypewriter (TTY)**
Yes (E2306)
* Android Lollipop feature. Subject to possible change in future releases of Google™ Android™.
** The TTY feature is for deaf or hearing-impaired users. Only the E2306 model supports TTY.
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Device-to-device communications (local)
ANT+™ wireless technology
Compatible devices
Some ANT+™ compatible devices may require installation of additional software.
Frequency band
2.4 GHz
Data transfer rate
Up to 60 Kbps
Encryption
AES-128
Topologies
One to Many, Many to One, Peer to Peer, Star, Practical
Mesh
Bluetooth® wireless technology
Bluetooth® profiles supported
Advanced Audio Distribution Profile v1.2
Audio/Video Remote Control Profile v1.3
Generic Attribute Profile Client/Server over LE
Handsfree Profile v1.6 (Wide band speech)
Headset Profile v1.2
Human Interface Device Profile v1.0
Object Push Profile v1.1
Personal Area Networking Profile v1.0
Core version and supported
core features
Version 4.1
Other supported features
aptX® CD quality audio streaming over Bluetooth®
Connectable devices
Products that support at least one of the profiles listed
above.
Bluetooth 4.1 accessories generally require installation of
a supporting application.
More information:
www.sonymobile.com/developer
www.bluetooth.com
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Wi-Fi®
Supported standards
IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n and Wi-Fi®
Wi-Fi Direct®, Wi-Fi Protected Setup, Wi-Fi CERTIFIED
Miracast™
Connectable devices
Wi-Fi® access points
Wi-Fi Direct compatible devices
Frequency band
2.4 GHz / 5 GHz
Data transfer rate
Up to 150 Mbit/s
Security
Open Authentication
Shared Authentication
EAP-SIM
EAP-AKA
EAP-TLS
EAP-TTLS/MSCHAPv2
PEAPv0/EAP-MSCHAPv2
PEAPv1/EAP-GTC
WPA Personal and WPA2 Personal
WPA Enterprise and WPA2 Enterprise
Encryption
WEP 64 bit, WEP 128 bit, TKIP and CCMP (AES)
Power save
WMM-UAPSD
QoS
WMM
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DLNA Certified® (Digital Living Network Alliance)
Supported Device Classes
M-DMS – Mobile Digital Media Server
Media Types: images, music and video
Summary: The digital media server exposes the media
files in your device to a Wi-Fi® network. The files can
then be accessed from other DLNA CERTIFIED® clients.
M-DMP – Mobile Digital Media Player
Media Types: image, music and video
Summary: You can play content stored on another
device, for example, a server or a PC, directly on your
device.
M-DMC – Mobile Digital Media Controller
Media Types: image, music and video
Summary: Digital Media Controllers find content offered
by a DMS or M-DMS and match it to the rendering capabilities of a DMR — setting up the connections between
the DMS and DMR.
+PU+
Media Types: image, music and video
Summary: You can play media in your device on another
device, such as a TV or a PC using 2 box push technology. +PU+ is integrated in the Album, Movies and Music
applications.
+DN+
Media Types: image, music and video
Summary: You can download content stored on another
device, for example, a server or a PC, and play the downloaded content directly on your device.
+UDO+
Media Types: image, music and video
Summary: A media server uploading function that allows
media files to be uploaded to Xperia devices from other
DLNA certified clients.
Supported Bearers
Wi-Fi®
Wi-Fi Direct®
DRM Support
The DLNA Certified® implementation does not support
DRM-protected content.
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Messaging
MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service)
According to OMA Multimedia Messaging Service v1.0 + SMIL
Email
Bearer type (IP)
GPRS, EGPRS, UMTS, Wi-Fi®
Character sets
BIG5 Traditional Chinese
GB2312 Simplified Chinese
GB18030
ISO-2022-JP Japanese
ISO-8859-1
ISO-8859-2 Eastern Europe
ISO-8859-5 Cyrillic
ISO-8859-7 Greek
ISO-8859-9 Turkish
ISO 8859-11
KOI8-R Cyrillic
Shift_JIS Japanese
USASCII
UTF-16
UTF-8
Windows® 874
Windows® 1251 Cyrillic
Windows® 1252
Windows® 1254 Turkish
Windows® 1258 Vietnamese
Protocols
POP3 and IMAP4
Push email
Microsoft® Exchange ActiveSync® (EAS)
Secure email
SSL/TLS, both port methods (POPS/IMAPS) and STARTTLS
HTML mail
Yes (read only)
More information:
www.sonymobile.com/developer
www.openmobilealliance.org
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Positioning – location based services
Supported standards:
• OMA Secure User Plane Location (SUPL) v1.0
• 3GPP™ Control Plane location (including Emergency location), only supports E911
• Qualcomm® GPSOneXtra
Provisioning (OMA CP)
OMA CP version 1.1
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Multimedia (audio, image and video)
Audio Playback
Audio Recording
Image Playback
Image Capture
Video Playback
Decoder format
Supported in file format
Audio decoding MPEG-1/2/2.5,
audio layer 3
MP3 (.mp3), 3GPP (.3gp),
MP4 (.mp4, .m4a)
AAC, AAC+, eAAC+
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
AMR-NB, AMR-WB
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
General MIDI (GM)
SMF (.mid)
Linear PCM 16bit
WAV (.wav)
OTA
OTA (.ota)
Ogg vorbis
Ogg vorbis (.ogg)
Encoder format
Supported in file format
AMR-NB, AMR-WB
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4),
AMR (.amr)
AMR-NB, AMR-WB, AAC-LC stereo
Sample rate: 48 kHz
Bit rate: up to 384 kbps
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
Decoder format
Supported in file format
1, 4, 8, 16, 24 and 32 bpp and RLE
encoded formats
BMP (.bmp)
Single and multi-frame, bitmap
mask support (GIF87a format and
GIF89a format)
GIF (.gif)
Joint Photographic Experts Group
JPEG (.jpg)
Portable Network Graphics Bitmap
mask support
PNG (.png)
Wireless Bitmap
WBMP (.wbmp)
Encoder format
Supported in file format
Joint Photographic Experts Group
JPEG (.jpg)
Decoder format
Supported in file format
MPEG-4 Visual Simple Profile
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
H.264
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
H.263 Profile 0
3GPP (.3gp)
H.265
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
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Video Recording
Audio/Video Streaming
Encoder format
Supported in file format
- Video H.263 Profile 0, H.264
Baseline Profile, H.264 High Profile
- Audio: AAC-LC stereo
Bit rate: 10 Mbps
AMR-NB
3GPP (.3gp), MP4 (.mp4)
Streaming transport
RTSP according to 3GPP™
HTTP streaming
Synchronisation (OMA DS, EAS, Google Sync™)
OMA Data Synchronisation protocol versions 1.1.2 and 1.2
OMA Data Formats: vCard 2.1, vCalendar 1.0
Microsoft® Exchange ActiveSync® protocol version 2.5
Microsoft® Exchange ActiveSync® protocol version 12.0
Microsoft® Exchange ActiveSync® protocol version 14.0
Microsoft® Exchange ActiveSync® protocol version 14.1
Google Sync™
Related information:
www.sonymobile.com/developer
Web browser
Google Chrome™ for Android™ is pre-installed in markets/regions where no restrictions apply.
Related information:
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.android.chrome
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Memory in Android™ devices
To use Android devices efficiently, users should be aware of the different types of device memory. This
knowledge is important in order to understand, for example, where data such as music, photos and
videos is saved; how many apps can be downloaded from Google Play™; and how photos can be copied
to a PC.
Information regarding memory presented in this section may be useful to developers when optimising
applications for mobile devices.
Generally, all Android devices share the same basic memory setup. What differs is how much memory is
available to you via the different types of memory, and whether your device uses an external SD card or an
internal memory chip. Any information specific to the particular device model described in this White
Paper is noted as such.
Types of memory
The types of memory described and numbered below are consistent with the terminology used in Sony
mobile device menus and in other content relating to 2015 Xperia™ devices:
1. Dynamic Memory (also known as RAM) is used by applications that run when the device is turned on.
The amount of Dynamic Memory influences how many applications and operating system services can
run at the same time. The Android operating system automatically closes applications and services
that are not being used.
However, such automatic functionality has limits. For example, if a lower amount of free RAM is
available to applications after a new release of the operating system (due to increased capabilities in
the system), device speed will eventually be impacted. This is the main reason that a device cannot be
indefinitely upgraded to newer releases of Android™.
If you experience problems with RAM, for example, if the device runs slower than usual or if the Home
application restarts frequently when you leave an application, you should minimise the use of apps that
run all the time. Social networking apps that connect and update their data online and animated
backgrounds are examples of apps that are always running and affect RAM performance. To minimise
RAM issues, you could also consider using a static wallpaper instead of a live wallpaper.
To see which apps and services are currently active, go to Settings > Apps > Running. You should
have at least 50 MB, and ideally 100 MB or more, of free RAM to avoid slowdowns and application
restarts.
You should also be aware that if you update the device to a later Android release, the load on the builtin Dynamic Memory will increase due to the addition of more features. As a result, the device may run
slower after an update.
The Xperia™ M4 Aqua has 2 GB of RAM available to the Android OS and any installed applications.
200 MB of the total RAM is in use during normal operation when the user starts using the device out of
the box.
2. System Memory (also known as “System partition” or “/system”) is used for the Android OS and for
most applications that are pre-loaded from the factory. This type of memory is normally locked, and
can only be changed through a firmware upgrade. There is usually some free space available in this
section of memory. However, since it is locked, you cannot save apps, photos or any other content to
this memory. System Memory is reserved for future firmware upgrades, which almost always need
more memory than the original firmware. You cannot see or influence the use of this memory.
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3. Internal Storage is referred to as "working" memory. It can be compared to the C: drive on a PC or to
the startup disk on a Mac.
This type of memory is used to store all application downloaded from the Google Play™ Store (and
other sources) as well as their settings and data (such as emails, messages and calendar events, for
example). All applications have an allocated area for application data. Memory dedicated to an
application is inaccessible to other applications.
Some game applications also store content such as game music and game level information outside
their own designated area. In most cases, an application can choose to save its data in a location of its
own choosing (outside the protected application settings area). Generally, such content is not deleted
when an application is uninstalled; it must be removed manually by connecting the device to a
computer with a USB cable, or by using a file manager application.
Internal storage is also used for all added user content. For example, photos taken using the device's
camera, media files downloaded from the Internet and file transfers are stored in this area. Typical user
content includes:
• photos
• movies
• music
• Email attachments
Internal Storage will tend to fill up as a result of normal usage. Devices with a large initial Internal
Storage can handle more applications and store more user content.
If the Internal Storage starts to get full, the device slows down, and in some cases it might no longer be
possible to install more apps. You should always ensure that you have at least 100 MB of free Internal
Storage. If not, you should consider removing some apps that you seldom use, or move content that
you do not frequently access to external storage.
You can see approximately how much Internal Storage is free in Settings > Storage > DEVICE
MEMORY. You can also view more details about how much memory is used by applications under
Settings > Apps. Depending on the particular variant of the device, the Xperia™ M4 Aqua has either
3 GB or 11 GB of Internal Storage available out of the box.
Please note that in Sony Mobile 2015 products, “Internal Storage” is now the combination of what was
previously known as “Device Memory” or “Phone Memory” (for applications and their data – also
previously known as “/data”) and “Internal Storage” (for user’s content – also previously known as “/
sdcard”). The changes in Internal Storage were made so that memory usage could be more flexible
and to allow encryption of user content.
Memory card slot
Some products include both a large internal memory and a built-in memory card reader. Android manages
devices with a built-in memory card reader and internal memory differently from a device that includes
only a built-in memory card reader.
Since most applications expect only a single location for storage, such applications will not generally
allow you to SAVE anything to the memory card (i.e., they do not offer the option to choose a storage
location). However, some applications (for instance, the Sony Mobile “Camera” application) may actually
allow you to do so. Other applications, for example, backup applications such as the Sony Mobile
“Memory” application, will by definition be configured to copy content from the Internal Storage to the
external SD card.
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On the other hand, when it comes to reading from an external SD Card, you will be able to access content
(for example, videos, photos and music) on a memory card inserted in this slot without any special
consideration since the Android system searches all available memory for content. Therefore, such
products may be regarded as supporting a fourth type of memory, called “External Card” or “SD Card”.
4. SD Card (known as “/ext_card” from a programmer’s point of view, or by other names in other Android
products) is the name for the removable SD memory card in all 2015 Sony Mobile products. As
described in the previous section, this External Card memory is generally more limited in that any
application can read from it, but many applications cannot save to this card. Only a few applications,
including backup applications and file manger applications, have the capability to save to this card.
Backing up data to different memory types
Generally, you should not save photos, videos and other personal content solely on the internal memory
of a device. If something should happen with the hardware, or if the device is lost or stolen, the data
stored on the device’s internal memory is gone forever.
In a device where an SD card reader is the main memory, it is relatively easy to take the card out and copy
all content to a PC or Mac, or to an entertainment device with a memory card slot. In a product featuring
Internal Storage as the main memory, it is not possible to physically remove the memory. Instead, any
critical or high-value content must either be copied to an external SD card by a special backup
application, transferred to remote storage over a network (mobile or Wi-Fi), or to a computer via a USB
cable.
To facilitate the transfer of data via a cable, the Xperia™ M4 Aqua supports Media Transfer Protocol
(MTP), which makes it possible to easily transfer content back and forth between your device and a
Windows® PC. For Apple™ Mac® computers, a special application called Sony™ Bridge for Mac is
available with built-in support for MTP. This application can be downloaded from the Xperia™ M4 Aqua
support page.
Note that you do not need to back up or make a copy of applications that you have downloaded from the
Google Play™ Store. They can normally be downloaded again after you have set up your Google account
to work in a new device (or in a device where the memory has been completely erased).
Note 1:
Some Android devices, including Sony Mobile devices from 2012 and Sony Ericsson devices from 2011
and earlier, do not use a single “Internal Storage” for both applications (and their data) and user content.
Instead, these devices use either an external SD card for user content, or a corresponding area of internal
memory to reproduce the functionality of an SD card. In such devices, there is a fixed limit between the
application area (“/data”) and the user content area (“/sdcard”), with the result that user content can build
up and reach this limit. When the user content reaches this limit, no additional data can be added using
any application. For example, the camera application would no longer be able to capture additional
photos even if a considerable amount of free space was available in the application area. This limit also
applies to the application area. Downloading and installing new applications would not be possible even if
there was enough free memory in the user content area.
Note 2:
Some devices with integrated storage have abandoned the distinction between the application area and
the content area when it comes to a Factory Data Reset. As a result, there is no option in such devices to
perform a Factory Data Reset and preserve content. In such devices, all content is completely deleted
from the device when a reset is performed.
In contrast, Sony Mobile’s memory integration solution makes it possible to preserve user content in this
situation. Therefore, when performing a Factory Data Reset, the default action will still be to only remove
applications and their data, and an option box must be checked if all content is to be removed as well (as
might be desirable when selling the device second-hand).
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Note 3:
For a developer, it is important to note that from a programming point of view the location names used to
refer to the different memory areas described in Note 1 are still valid, i.e., the area used for applications (“/
data”) is still present, as is the area used for content (“/sdcard”).
In reality, “sdcard” is a “symbolic link” to “/data/media”. However, from inside an Android application, “/
sdcard” can still be used. For example, you can use “sdcard/DCIM/100Android” to find all camera
images. The continued use of “/sdcard” to access the content area ensures compatibility across different
products and Android releases in this regard.
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Trademarks and acknowledgements
All product and company names mentioned herein are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective owners. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved. All other trademarks are property
of their respective owners.
Visit www.sonymobile.com for more information.
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