APRILIA MP3 User's Manual

PIAGGIO WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU
for choosing one of its products. We have prepared this manual to help you to get the very best from your scooter. Please read it carefully before riding
the scooter for the first time. It contains information, tips and precautions for using your scooter. It also describes features, details and devices to assure
you that you have made the right choice. We believe that if you follow our suggestions, you will soon get to know your new vehicle and it will serve you
well for a long time to come. This booklet forms an integral part of the scooter; should the scooter be sold, it must be transferred to the new owner.
MP3 250 i.e.
The instructions given in this manual are intended to provide a clear, simple guide to using your scooter; this booklet also details routine maintenance
procedures and regular checks that should be carried out on the vehicle at an authorised Dealer or Service Centre. The booklet also contains
instructions for simple repairs. Any operations not specifically described in this manual require the use of special tools and/or particular technical
knowledge: to carry out these operations refer to any authorised Dealer of Service Centres.
2
Personal safety
Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment
Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the vehicle to prevent damaging the environment.
Vehicle intactness
The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
The signs that you see on this page are very important. They are used to highlight those
parts of the booklet that should be read with particular care. As you can see, each sign
consists of a different graphic symbol, making it quick and easy to locate the various
topics.
3
4
INDEX
VEHICLE......................................................................................
Dashboard................................................................................
Analogue instrument panel.......................................................
Clock.........................................................................................
Digital lcd display......................................................................
Maintenance icons................................................................
*MODE* button......................................................................
Key switch.................................................................................
Locking the steering wheel....................................................
Releasing the steering wheel................................................
Switch direction indicators........................................................
Horn button...............................................................................
Light switch...............................................................................
Emergency flashing light button................................................
Start-up button..........................................................................
Engine stop button....................................................................
Front suspension unlock-lock switch........................................
The immobilizer system............................................................
Keys......................................................................................
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led...............................
Operation...............................................................................
Programming the immobilizer system...................................
Saddle opening remote control.................................................
Remote control programming................................................
Accessing the fuel tank.............................................................
The saddle................................................................................
Opening the saddle to access the helmet compartment by
remote control.......................................................................
Opening the saddle to access the helmet compartment in an
emergency.............................................................................
Opening of top box....................................................................
Identification..............................................................................
USE..............................................................................................
7
9
10
12
13
13
14
14
14
14
15
15
16
16
17
17
18
18
18
20
20
21
22
22
24
25
Checks......................................................................................
Refuelling..................................................................................
Tyre pressure............................................................................
Shock absorbers adjustment....................................................
Running in.................................................................................
Starting up the engine...............................................................
Precautions...........................................................................
Difficult start up.........................................................................
Stopping the engine..................................................................
Stand.........................................................................................
Automatic transmission.............................................................
Safe driving...............................................................................
Front suspension locking system..............................................
MAINTENANCE...........................................................................
Engine oil level..........................................................................
Engine oil level check............................................................
Engine oil top-up...................................................................
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure).................................
Engine oil change..................................................................
Hub oil level..............................................................................
Tyres.........................................................................................
Spark plug dismantlement........................................................
Removing the air filter...............................................................
Air filter cleaning.......................................................................
Cooling fluid level......................................................................
Checking the brake oil level......................................................
Braking system fluid top up...................................................
Battery.......................................................................................
Use of a new battery.............................................................
Long periods of inactivity..........................................................
Fuses........................................................................................
Front light group........................................................................
Headlight adjustment.............................................................
26
27
28
28
29
5
30
31
33
34
35
36
39
39
40
40
41
41
44
49
50
50
50
50
51
52
54
55
56
56
57
58
58
60
60
61
61
66
66
Front direction indicators...........................................................
Rear optical unit........................................................................
Number plate light.....................................................................
Helmet compartment lighting bulb............................................
Rear-view mirrors......................................................................
Front and rear disc brake..........................................................
Puncture....................................................................................
Periods of inactivity...................................................................
Cleaning the vehicle..................................................................
TECHNICAL DATA......................................................................
Kit equipment............................................................................
SPARE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES........................................
Warnings...................................................................................
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE...............................................
Scheduled maintenance table...................................................
70
70
72
72
73
73
74
75
75
81
85
87
88
91
92
6
MP3 250 i.e.
Chap. 01
Vehicle
7
01_01
1 Vehicle
01_02
8
A = Ignition key-switch
B = Starter button
C = Throttle control
D = Front brake lever
E = Turn indicator switch
F = Headlight switch
G = Rear brake lever
H = Horn button
I = Engine cut-off switch
L = Mode switch
M = Emergency turn indicator switch
N = Analogue instrument panel
O = Indicator unit
P = Bag hook
Q = Digital instrument panel
R = Front suspension locking-unlocking switch (if available)
9
1 Vehicle
Dashboard (01_01, 01_02)
01_03
Analogue instrument panel (01_03)
A = Led immobilizer / anti-theft device
B= Speedometer with twin scale (km/h and mph)
C = CLOCK switch
D = Digital display
E = Front suspension locking system warning light (if available)
1 Vehicle
F = SET switch
G = Rpm indicator
10
I = Warning light for helmet compartment courtesy light on
L = Engine control telltale light and injection system failure warning light
M = Low fuel warning light
N = Engine stop warning light
D= Turn indicator warning light
P = Low oil pressure warning light
Q = Front suspension locking system failure warning light (if available)
R = Warning light for parking brake engaged
C = High-beam warning light
11
1 Vehicle
H = Fuel gauge
01_04
Clock (01_04)
Pushing the «CLOCK» button for less than 1 second displays the following sequence:
• TIME
• DATE
To set the clock push and hold the «CLOCK» button longer than 3 seconds.
The numbers showing the hours will begin flashing.
1 Vehicle
Set the hour using the «SET» button. Push the «CLOCK» button again and the minutes
numbers start flashing.
Set the minutes using the «SET»button. Push the «CLOCK» button again and the day
numbers start flashing.
12
Set the month with the «SET» button. Push the «CLOCK» button again and the year
numbers start flashing.
Set the year with the «SET» button. Press the «CLOCK » button again for 4 seconds to
exit the adjustment menu.
During the reset process, not pressing any buttons for a period longer than 8 seconds
ends the process automatically and the display shows the modified time.
Digital lcd display (01_05)
A = Total odometer gauge
B = «BELT» maintenance icon
C = «SERVICE» maintenance icon
D = Engine coolant temperature indicator
E = Trip odometer gauge (A-B) and ambient temperature (selected with the MODE
button)
01_05
F = TIME-DATE indicator
G = Low fuel warning light
H = Trip odometer gauge (B)
I = Trip odometer gauge (A)
L = Kilometre - mile indicator
Maintenance icons
01_06
The icons signal the user that scheduled maintenance operations should be carried
out. A flashing «SERVICE» icon signals the need to carry out the scheduled maintenance service. A flashing «BELT» icon signals the driving belt needs replacing. In any
case, vehicle maintenance must be carried out at the kilometre service intervals recommended in this booklet.
13
1 Vehicle
Set the day with the «SET» button. Push the «CLOCK» button again and the month
numbers start flashing.
WARNING
REFER TO THE «SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE» FOR FURTHER MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS
*MODE* button (01_06)
Pushing the «MODE» switch (N) for less than a second displays the following function
sequence:
1. Trip odometer "A"
2. Trip odometer "B"
3. Ambient temperature "°"
Push the «MODE» switch (N) for longer than 3 seconds to zero set the trip odometer
Key switch (01_07, 01_08)
01_07
1. LOCK = Ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical antitheft device enabled. The parking brake cannot be released when pressed and cannot be
pressed when released.
2. « OFF » = Ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical antitheft device disabled and enabled/disabled parking brake.
3. ON = Ready to start, non-extractable key, mechanical antitheft device disabled.
4. «HELMET COMPARTMENT OPENING» = Helmet compartment opening
position. Press the key when in "OFF" or "ON" and turn it anticlockwise.
5. «FUEL TANK COVER OPENING» = Fuel tank cover opening position. Press
the key when in "OFF" or "ON" and turn it clockwise.
Locking the steering wheel
1 Vehicle
Turn the handlebar to the left as far as it will go, turn the key to position "LOCK" and
remove the key.
Releasing the steering wheel
Reinsert the key and turn it to «OFF».
14
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
01_08
Switch direction indicators (01_09)
Lever towards "S" = Left turn indicator is switched on;
Lever towards "D" = Right turn indicator is switched on;
The lever «B» automatically returns to «0 » and the turn indicators remain on; press
the lever to turn them off.
01_09
Horn button (01_10)
Push the «C» button to sound the horn.
01_10
15
1 Vehicle
CAUTION
Light switch (01_11)
0 = Low-beam light
1 = High beam light
2 = Passing (flashing)
01_11
Emergency flashing light button (01_12)
It enables the activation of the 4 turn indicators simultaneously. The control «M» can
be enabled only with the key set to «ON», but once enabled, it keeps functioning even
if the key is set to «OFF» or «LOCK». To disable this function, simply turn the key
switch to «ON».
1 Vehicle
01_12
16
Turn the key to «ON».
Turn the RUN/OFF switch to «RUN».
Pull one of the two brake levers.
Press the «G» switch to start the engine.
Warning, in vehicles fitted with a suspension locking system, the vehicle will start but
will remain at idling speed if the rider is not seated on the saddle in riding position.
01_13
Engine stop button (01_14)
Functioning of the engine cut-off switch "I":
0 = OFF
1 = RUN
01_14
17
1 Vehicle
Start-up button (01_13)
Front suspension unlock-lock switch (01_15)
The «F» switch engages and disengages the front suspension locking system in models where the system is available.
As the topic is so complex, find the instructions for using this control in the Use chapter.
01_15
The immobilizer system
In order to enhance theft protection, the scooter is equipped with a «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER » electronic engine locking device that is activated automatically when
the starter key is removed. Upon start-up, the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system
checks the starter key, and only if this key is recognised will the immobilizer system
allow the scooter to be started.
Keys (01_16, 01_17, 01_18)
01_16
Two types of keys come with the vehicle.
The red-handgrip key "A" is the "MASTER" key.
Only a single copy of this key is supplied, which is necessary to program all your other
keys and for your dealer to perform some maintenance operations. For this reason it
is advised that it be used only in exceptional circumstances.
The black key "B" (single copy supplied) is used for normal operations such as:
- engine start up
1 Vehicle
- open the rear glove-box and the saddle (with remote control)
01_17
Together with the two keys, you will be given a CODE CARD bearing the same code
imprinted onto the two keys.
18
LOSING THE RED KEY PREVENTS ANY REPAIRS OF THE "PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER" SYSTEM AND THE ENGINE CONTROL UNIT.
WARNING
01_18
KEEP THE "CODE CARD" AND THE RED HANDGRIP KEY IN A SAFE PLACE
(NOT ON YOUR VEHICLE).
01_19
19
1 Vehicle
WARNING
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led (01_19)
Activation of the "PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER" system is signalled by a flashing «A» indicator. In order to reduce battery discharge, the indicator LED turns off automatically after
48 hours of uninterrupted functioning. Should the signal led system break down in its
flashing function, give information about the type of problem to an Authorised PiaggioGilera Service Centre.
Operation
Every time the starter key is removed in the "OFF" or "LOCK" position, the safety system
activates the immobilizer system. Turning the key to "ON" disables the engine lock, provided that the safety system recognises the code transmitted by the key. If the code is not
recognised, turn the key first to "OFF" and then to "ON"; if the lock cannot be disabled,
try with the other key supplied (red-coloured). If the engine cannot be started, contact an
Authorised Piaggio Service Centre, which is provided with the electronic equipment
required to detect and repair the system.
When additional keys are required, please note that data storage (up to 7 keys max.) must
be done on all keys, both new ones and existing ones.
Take the red-handgrip key and all the black keys supplied to an Authorised Piaggio
Service Centre.
The codes of keys not submitted for the new storage procedure are deleted from the
memory. Any lost keys will therefore not be enabled to start the engine.
WARNING
1 Vehicle
EACH KEY HAS ITS OWN AND UNIQUE CODE, WHICH MUST BE STORED BY THE
SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT.
VIOLENT SHOCKS MAY AFFECT THE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS OF THE KEY.
20
Programming the immobilizer system
Below is described the procedure to follow for programming the PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER system and/or for storing other key codes. The programming procedure should be
carried out with the engine stop switch set to «RUN».
Procedure start - red key
Insert the red-handgrip key in the switch key (in "OFF" position) and turn it to "ON". After
1 - 3 seconds, turn the key to "OFF" again and pull it out.
Intermediate step - black key
After pulling out the red key, insert the black key within 10 seconds and promptly turn it
to «ON». After 1-3 seconds, turn the key to "OFF" again and pull it out. In this way, a
maximum of 7 black keys can be programmed by repeating the above procedure keeping
the indicated times.
Final step - red key
After pulling out the last black key, insert the red key again and turn it to "ON" (this operation should be performed within 10 seconds of pulling out the previous key). Leave it in
this position for 1 to 3 seconds and return it to the «OFF» position.
21
1 Vehicle
IF OWNERSHIP OF THE VEHICLE IS TRANSFERRED, THE RED-HANDGRIP KEY
(AS WELL AS THE OTHER KEYS) AND THE "CODE CARD" MUST ALSO BE TRANSFERRED TO THE NEW OWNER.
Proper programming check
Insert the red key disabling the transponder (i.e., tilt the key cap by 90°) and turn the key
to "ON". Perform the engine start-up operation. Ensure that the engine does not start.
Insert the black key and repeat the start-up operation. Check that engine starts.
WARNING
SHOULD THE ENGINE START WITH THE RED KEY (WITH TRANSPONDER OFF),
OR IN THE EVENT OF WRONG OPERATION DURING PROGRAMMING, REPEAT
THE PROCEDURE FROM THE BEGINNING.
Saddle opening remote control (01_20, 01_21)
01_20
The scooter is fitted with a remote control to open the saddle. This remote control is
supplied together with the keys and it has been programmed to control the opening
device control unit at the manufacturing stage. If the remote control is lost, a new one
can be requested and programmed at any Authorised Service Centre. The remote
control is powered by inner batteries that get discharged after extended used; If the
green LED turns on when the button is pressed, the remote control is working properly.
You may need to replace the batteries if the remote control fails or if its range of
operation is reduced. To separate the two halves of the remote control, insert the blade
of a plain slot screwdriver at one point on the edge and slide it all around. When the
remote control is open, remove the two batteries from the contact terminal. Install the
two new CR1616 3V batteries with the positive pole facing the contact terminal.
Reassemble the remote control by pressing the two clip-on halves gently with your
fingers.
To open the saddle without the remote control, follow the procedure described in the
«Emergency Saddle Opening» section.
1 Vehicle
Remote control programming
01_21
Follow these steps to program the remote controls:
1. Insert the remote control key to be programmed in the steering lock key block.
22
3 Wait 1 to 8 seconds.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for 4 times without removing the key.
The control unit confirms the programming has been successfully executed by opening the saddle.
WARNING
TO STORE THE OTHER REMOTE CONTROLS TO MEMORY, (MAXIMUM 8), YOU
NEED TO REPEAT THE WHOLE PROCEDURE AGAIN. FAILURE TO CARRY OUT
THESE OPERATIONS WITHIN THE INDICATED TIMES WILL RESULT IN THE
AUTOMATIC CANCELLATION OF THE PROCESS FOR PROGRAMMING THE
REMOTE-CONTROLLED KEYS.
WARNING
AVOID PRESSING THE REMOTE CONTROL BUTTON MORE THAN ONCE WHEN
FAR AWAY FROM THE SCOOTER. THE SYNCHRONISM BETWEEN THE REMOTE CONTROL AND THE RECEIVER CAN BE IMPAIRED. SHOULD THIS BE
THE CASE, REPEAT THE PROGRAMMING PROCEDURE. DO NOT KEEP THE
REMOTE CONTROL IN PLACES WITH TEMPERATURES EXCEEDING 60° C THE
BATTERY WILL RUN DOWN TOO QUICKLY.
WARNING
TO AVOID BATTERY DISCHARGE, THE SADDLE OPENING REMOTE CONTROL
RADIO RECEIVER DEACTIVATES 7 DAYS AFTER THE LAST TIME THE VEHICLE
WAS SHUT OFF.
23
1 Vehicle
2. Turn the key to «ON», press the button on the remote control, release the button,
turn the key back to «OFF» from the «ON» position, all within 4 seconds.
JUST TURN THE KEY TO «ON» TO REACTIVATE THE RECEIVER.
Accessing the fuel tank (01_22, 01_23)
To open the fuel tank cover, set the key to «OFF» or « ON», then press and turn it
clockwise.
01_22
1 Vehicle
01_23
24
The saddle is supplied with a protection cover which may be used in case of rain.
Lift the saddle and extract the cover from its housing, then extend it over the whole
length of the saddle, starting from the front-end; do not over stretch the cover to avoid
tearing the material; close the saddle.
CAUTION
01_24
DO NOT USE THE VEHICLE WITHOUT THE PROTECTION COVER.
01_25
01_26
25
1 Vehicle
The saddle (01_24, 01_25, 01_26)
01_27
Opening the saddle to access the helmet compartment by remote
control (01_27)
When the key is in «LOCK» or «OFF» position you can open the saddle using the remote
control. The saddle cannot be opened only when the key is set to "ON".
1 Vehicle
WARNING
OBJECTS INAPPROPRIATELY ARRANGED INSIDE THE HELMET COMPARTMENT
MAY DEFORM THE SADDLE CAUSING THE COURTESY LIGHT TO REMAIN ON AND
THIS WILL DISCHARGE THE BATTERY. IN ANY CASE, THE WARNING LIGHT "I"
ON THE INSTRUMENT PANEL SIGNALS IF THE LIGHT IS ON OR OFF.
26
THE REMOTE CONTROL OPERATES WITHIN A DISTANCE OF ABOUT 3/5 METRES
WITH FULLY CHARGED BATTERIES. WHEN YOU ARE NEAR THE SCOOTER, HANDLE THE REMOTE CONTROL CAREFULLY SO AS TO AVOID UNINTENTIONAL
OPENING OF THE SADDLE. REFER TO THE «OPENING THE SADDLE WITH REMOTE CONTROL» SECTION TO REPLACE BATTERIES.
Opening the saddle to access the helmet compartment in an
emergency (01_28, 01_29)
If the remote control battery or the vehicle battery is discharged, follow these steps to
open the saddle:
1. Open the rear case with the key switch
2. Softly press with your hand on the point shown in the photo and in the sense
indicated by the arrow inside the helmet compartment until the saddle closing
device springs
01_28
01_29
27
1 Vehicle
WARNING
Opening of top box (01_30)
With the switch set to «OFF» or «ON», press the key and turn it anticlockwise, towards
position «4».
01_30
Identification (01_31, 01_32)
The identification registration numbers consist of a prefix stamped on the chassis and
engine "B" respectively, followed by a number. These numbers must always be indicated on spare parts requests. To read the chassis number, remove the relevant port
"A" in the helmet compartment. We recommend checking that the chassis registration
number stamped on the vehicle corresponds with that on the vehicle documentation.
CAUTION
01_31
1 Vehicle
BE REMINDED THAT ALTERING IDENTIFICATION REGISTRATION NUMBERS
CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS PENAL SANCTIONS (IMPOUNDING OF THE VEHICLE,
ETC.).
01_32
28
MP3 250 i.e.
Chap. 02
Use
29
Checks
Before using the vehicle, check:
1. There is enough fuel in the fuel tank.
2. The correct fluid level for front and rear brakes.
3. That tyres are properly inflated.
4. The correct functioning of tail lights, headlamp, turn indicators, stop light and license
plate light.
5. The correct functioning of front and rear brakes.
6. The oil level in the gearcase.
7. The engine oil level.
8. The coolant level.
2 Use
02_01
30
2 Use
02_02
Refuelling (02_01, 02_02)
Fuel: Open the access door to the fuel tank cap and remove the cap«T».
Recommended fuel: Unleaded petrol (95 octane min.). The instrument «H» indicates fuel
level and the warning light «M» indicates the reserve.
WARNING
SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE BEFORE REFUELLING WITH PETROL.
PETROL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE.
31
DO NOT SMOKE AND KEEP OPEN FLAMES AT A DISTANCE:FIRE HAZARD.
DO NOT INHALE FUEL FUMES.
DO NOT ALLOW PETROL TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH HOT ENGINE OR ANY
PLASTIC PARTS.
CAUTION
PETROL DAMAGES THE PLASTIC PARTS OF THE BODYWORK.
WARNING
DO NOT RIDE WITH THE FUEL TANK ALMOST EMPTY, LACK OF FUEL CAN DAMAGE THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
CAUTION
USING NON-RECOMMENDED PETROL REDUCES THE EFFICIENCY OF THE EXHAUST AND FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEMS.
2 Use
CAUTION
DO NOT USE THE VEHICLE TO THE COMPLETE EXHAUSTION OF THE FUEL; IN
THE EVENT THAT THIS SHOULD OCCUR, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE ENGINE. TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO OFF AND TOP-UP THE TANK AS SOON AS
POSSIBLE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE GUIDELINES COULD DAMAGE THE
FUEL PUMP AND/OR THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
32
2 Use
WARNING
IT IS HIGHLY INADVISABLE TO REFUEL USING METHODS OTHER THAN NORMAL
FUEL PUMPS. IF PETROL IS NOT COMPLETELY CLEAN, IT CAN DAMAGE THE
FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM FILTERS.
CAUTION
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE OF
THE ENGINE.
Characteristic
Fuel tank capacity
Tank capacity: ~12 l (approximate value)
Fuel reserve
2 l (approx.)
Tyre pressure (02_03)
Check the tyre pressure and wear periodically (roughly every 500 km). The tyres are
equipped with wear indicators; the tyres should be replaced as soon as these indicators become visible on the tyre tread. Also check that the tyres do not show signs of
splitting at the side or irregular tread wear; if this occurs, go to an authorised workshop
or at least a workshop equipped to perform the replacement.
02_03
33
CAUTION
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
Characteristic
Front tyre pressure (rider)
Front tyre pressure (rider): 1.6 bar
Front tyre pressure (rider and passenger)
Front tyre pressure (rider and passenger): 1.8 bar
Rear tyre pressure (rider)
Rear tyre pressure (rider): 2 bar
Rear wheel pressure (rider and passenger):
Rear tyre pressure (rider and passenger): 2.4 bar
Shock absorbers adjustment (02_04)
The preloading of the springs can be adjusted to 4 positions using the ring nut located
in the lower part of the shock absorbers and the specific spanner supplied.
Position 1: Minimum preload: driver only
Position 2 medium preloading: driver only
2 Use
Position 3 medium preloading: rider and passenger
Position 4: Maximum preload: driver, passenger, and luggage.
02_04
34
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH THE SPRING PRELOADING NOT CORRECTLY SET
FOR THE RIDER AND POSSIBLE PASSENGER, COULD REDUCE THE COMFORT OF THE RIDE AND THE PRECISION OF THE STEERING.
WARNING
WE RECOMMEND WEARING GLOVES WHILE CARRYING OUT THIS OPERATION IN ORDER TO AVOID INJURIES.
WARNING
WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND NOT TO ADJUST BOTH SHOCK ABSORBERS
WITH DIFFERENT PRELOADING
Running in
DURING THE FIRST 1000 KM DO NOT RIDE THE VEHICLE OVER 80% OF ITS
MAX. SPEED. AVOID OPENING THE THROTTLE GRIP COMPLETELY OR KEEPING A CONSTANT SPEED ALONG LONG SECTIONS OF ROAD. AFTER THE
FIRST 1000 KM INCREASE SPEED PROGRESSIVELY, IF POSSIBLE, UNTIL THE
MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE IS OBTAINED.
35
2 Use
In order to carry out this operation you will need to use the specific spanner in the kit.
CAUTION
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE VEHICLE, PLEASE COMPLY WITH THE
RULES LISTED ABOVE.
02_05
2 Use
Starting up the engine (02_05)
The vehicle is supplied with an ignition cut-off system, activated by the emergency cut-off
switch. The engine cannot be started if the ignition cut-off switch is in the OFF position
36
The scooter is equipped with automatic transmission with direct drive, so that starting is
effected by turning the throttle grip to idle speed; to start-off from still, progressively twist
the throttle grip. The vehicle is equipped with an electrical fuel pump that switches on
automatically as soon as the engine is started. To start the vehicle, before pressing the
starter button «B», pull and keep pulled the front brake lever «D» or the rear brake lever
«G» that operates the corresponding ignition consent switches. Besides, if the vehicle has
a front suspension locking system, a sensor placed under the saddle will prevent vehicle
motion, but not ignition, if the rider is not seated in riding position.
1. Rest the vehicle on its centre-stand, ensuring the rear wheel is not touching the ground.
2. Maintain the throttle "C" completely untwisted.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch "A" and turn it onto the ON position.
4. Make sure that the "I" switch is set onto the ON position.
5. Pull either the front, "D", or rear brake lever, "G", while pressing the starter button "B".
WARNING
THE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MAKES THE REAR WHEEL TURN EVEN WHEN
THE THROTTLE IS SLIGHTLY TWISTED. RELEASE THE BRAKE CAREFULLY AFTER STARTING, AND THEN ACCELERATE GRADUALLY.
CAUTION
DO NOT START-UP THE ENGINE IN CLOSED AREAS BECAUSE EXHAUST GASES
ARE TOXIC.
37
2 Use
A running engine automatically switches off when the ignition cut-off switch is set to
OFF.
CAUTION
DUE TO THE HIGH TEMPERATURES THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER CAN REACH,
ALWAYS TAKE CARE, WHEN PARKING THE SCOOTER, THAT THE EXHAUST
DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH FLAMMABLE MATERIALS, TO AVOID SERIOUS BURNS.
CAUTION
DO NOT SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE WHILE THE VEHICLE IS MOVING. UNBURNED
FUEL COULD ENTER THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER AND BURN, CAUSING IT TO
OVERHEAT AND POSSIBLY DESTROYING IT.
CAUTION
NEITHER PUSH THE STARTER BUTTON NOR TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO «ON»
WHEN THE TANK IS EMPTY SINCE THE START-UP SYSTEM MAY GET DAMAGED.
WARNING
2 Use
NEVER TRY TO START-UP THE ENGINE WITH THE THROTTLE GRIP TWISTED.
THIS MAY LEAD TO LOSING CONTROL OF THE VEHICLE AND TO ROLLOVER,
WITH CONSEQUENT SERIOUS OR, IN SOME CASES, LETHAL INJURIES.
38
2 Use
Precautions
CAUTION
NEVER STRESS THE ENGINE AT LOW TEMPERATURES IN ORDER TO AVOID
POSSIBLE DAMAGE. BE CAREFUL NEVER TO EXCEED THE MAXIMUM SPEED
WHILE RUNNING DOWNHILL, IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE. IN
ANY CASE, IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THE ENGINE FROM PROLONGED EXCESSIVE REVOLUTIONS, THE REVOLUTION LIMITER WILL BE ACTIVATED IF THE
ENGINE SPEED EXCEEDS THE ESTABLISHED THRESHOLD.
WARNING
AFTER A LONG DISTANCE COVERED AT THE MAXIMUM SPEED, DO NOT STOP
THE ENGINE IMMEDIATELY, BUT LET IT RUN AT IDLE FOR A FEW SECONDS.
Difficult start up
In the rare case of flooding the engine, to facilitate start-up, it is possible to try to put
the vehicle into action with the gas hand grip partially or completely open. It is however
necessary, once the engine is started, to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service
Centre to determine the cause of this problem and to re-establish the vehicle proper
functioning.
39
Stopping the engine (02_06)
Fully untwist the throttle grip, then rotate the key in the switch «A » to «KEY
OFF» (extractable key).
CAUTION
02_06
DUE TO THE HIGH TEMPERATURES THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER CAN
REACH, ALWAYS TAKE CARE, WHEN PARKING THE SCOOTER, THAT THE
EXHAUST DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH FLAMMABLE MATERIALS,
TO AVOID SERIOUS BURNS.
CAUTION
DO NOT SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE WHILE THE VEHICLE IS MOVING. UNBURNED FUEL COULD ENTER THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER AND BURN,
CAUSING IT TO OVERHEAT AND POSSIBLY DESTROYING IT.
Stand (02_07)
CENTRE STAND
With your foot push the projection of the centre stand «F » while lifting the vehicle
backwards, holding onto the side handles.
2 Use
02_07
40
To ensure simple, pleasurable riding, the vehicle is equipped with automatic transmission with regulator and centrifugal clutch. The system is designed to provide the
best performance (acceleration and consumption) while riding on both flat roads and
uphill.
If you have to stop on an uphill slope (traffic lights, traffic jam, etc.) use only the brake
to keep the vehicle still, leaving the engine running at idle speed. Using the
engine to keep the vehicle still can cause the clutch to overheat, due to the
friction of the clutch masses against the capstan. Besides, avoid accelerating
with the hand brake engaged. It is therefore recommended to avoid conditions of
prolonged clutch slippage (besides those previously indicated) like driving uphill fully
laden on steep slopes or starting off with driver and passenger at slopes greater than
25%.
Observe the following precautions if the clutch overheats:
1. Do not continue riding in such conditions.
2. Let the clutch cool down with the engine at idle speed for a few minutes.
Safe driving
In the following we offer some simple advice, that will allow for the daily use of your
scooter in greater safety and peace of mind. Your skill and your mechanical knowledge
are the basis of a safe ride. We recommend trying out the vehicle in traffic - free zones,
in order to acquire a good knowledge of the vehicle it self.
1. Before riding off, remember to put on your helmet and fasten it correctly.
2.Reduce speed on rough roads and drive with care.
3. After driving on a long stretch of wet road without using the brakes, the braking
effect is initially lower. In these conditions, it is a good idea to apply the brakes from
time to time.
4. Avoid riding off by mounting the scooter when resting on the support. In any case,
the rear wheel should not be turning when in comes into contact with the ground, in
order to avoid abrupt departures.
41
2 Use
Automatic transmission
5. If driving over roads affected by sand, mud, snow mixed with salt, etc. we recommend cleaning the brake disc with a non-corrosive detergent frequently in order to
prevent corrosive particles from building up in the holes, which may cause early break
pad wear.
CAUTION
ALWAYS RIDE WITHIN YOUR LIMITS RIDING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL OR OTHER DRUGS AND CERTAIN MEDICATIONS IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS.
CAUTION
IN ORDER TO PREVENT ANY ACCIDENTS RIDE VERY CAREFULLY AFTER
ADDING ACCESSORIES AND WHILE CARRYING LUGGAGE. ADDING ACCESSORIES AND LUGGAGE CAN REDUCE THE VEHICLE'S STABILITY, PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY DURING USE.
WARNING
NEVER RIDE THE SCOOTER EQUIPPED WITH ACCESSORIES (TOP BOX AND/
OR WINDSHIELD) AT A SPEED HIGHER THAN 100 km/h.
THE SCOOTER CAN BE RIDDEN AT A HIGHER SPEED WITHOUT THE ACCESSORIES MENTIONED BEFORE WITHIN THE LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY LAW.
2 Use
IF THERE SHOULD BE NOT-PIAGGIO ACCESSORIES INSTALLED, OR AN ABNORMAL LOAD, OR IF THE SCOOTER IS NOT IN A GENERALLY GOOD CONDITION, OR WHENEVER WEATHER CONDITIONS DEMAND IT, SPEED SHOULD
BE REDUCED FURTHER.
42
2 Use
CAUTION
DO NOT ADJUST THE MIRRORS WHILE RIDING. THIS COULD CAUSE YOU TO
LOOSE CONTROL OF THE VEHICLE.
CAUTION
ANY CHANGES TO THE VEHICLE PERFORMANCE AS WELL AS ALTERATIONS
TO ORIGINAL STRUCTURAL PARTS IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN BY LAW, AND
RENDERS THE VEHICLE NO LONGER CONFORMING TO THE APPROVED TYPE
AND DANGEROUS FOR RIDING.
43
02_08
Front suspension locking system (02_08, 02_09, 02_10, 02_11,
02_12)
The following point corresponds only to versions with front suspension locking
system.
The front suspension locking system simply prevents vehicle tilting when the "T"
switch is pressed. The vehicle can be stopped without your feet touching the ground.
The warning light "E" starts flashing when the key switch is set to "ON". This means
that the system is enabled for locking activation.
2 Use
02_09
When the "T" switch is turned to "1", a continuous sound alarm signals that the locking
system is engaged and, at the same time, the warning light "E" turns steadily on.
44
Engaging tilt locking is possible only if the following conditions occur at the same time:
•
•
•
•
02_10
Throttle completely untwisted
Engine rpm below 2500rpm
Vehicle speed below 10 km/h
Locking system WARNING light "Q" off (the system has not detected failures)
If one of these conditions is not fulfilled, the warning light "E" remains off and locking
cannot be engaged (in normal riding conditions, the warning light "E" is off).
With engine on, system locked and warning light "E" on, the suspension locking system is disengaged automatically and the warning light "E" turns off when the throttle
is twisted to start the ride.
02_11
For riders' safety, the vehicle has a rider detection sensor in the saddle which enables the system to prevent vehicle motion and suspension unlocking (in case of locked
suspension) when the rider is not properly seated in riding position: in such case, the
WARNING light «Q» turns on steadily
CAUTION
THE RIDER DETECTION SENSOR IS LOCATED IN THE FRONT PART OF THE
SADDLE. AVOID PLACING BAGS OR HEAVY OBJECTS ACCIDENTALLY ON
THE SADDLE.
02_12
NOT OBSERVING THIS RULE MAY MOVE THE VEHICLE FORWARD AND RELEASE THE SUSPENSION LOCKING SYSTEM EVEN IF THE RIDER IS NOT
SEATED, BY SIMPLY TWISTING THE THROTTLE. THE VEHICLE COULD FALL
ACCIDENTALLY AS A CONSEQUENCE.
45
2 Use
When the "T" switch is turned to "2", an intermittent sound alarm signals that the
locking system is disengaged and, at the same time, the warning light "E" starts
flashing again. Warning light "E" turns on to start riding. This means that the system
allows for vehicle tilting.
WARNING
EVERY TIME THE VEHICLE IS STOPPED, MAKE SURE THE FRONT SUSPENSION LOCKING SYSTEM IS ENGAGED. OTHERWISE, PLACE YOUR FEET ON
THE GROUND TO KEEP THE VEHICLE UPRIGHT.
WARNING
AVOID USING THE LOCKING SYSTEM WHEN RIDING THE VEHICLE ALONG IRREGULAR ROADS OR ROADS WITH OBSTACLES(E.G. ROAD HUMPS, SIDEWALK, ETC.).
IN CASE OF ENGINE FAILURE (DISCHARGED BATTERY) AVOID PULLING THE
VEHICLE WITH THE LOCKING SYSTEM ENGAGED.
WITH THE LOCKING SYSTEM ENGAGED AND THE ENGINE OFF, AVOID MOVING THE VEHICLE AT SPEEDS ABOVE 5 Km/h.
WARNING
IF THE RIDER IS NOT SEATED ON THE SADDLE WHILE THE VEHICLE IS IN
MOTION AND THE LOCKING SYSTEM IS ENGAGED, AVOID OPERATING THE
THROTTLE CONTROL PURPOSELESSLY AS THIS MAY DAMAGE THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
2 Use
CAUTION
DO NOT RIDE DOWNHILL WITH THE SUSPENSION LOCKING SYSTEM ENGAGED AND THE KEY SWITCH SET TO OFF.
46
Warning light "R" on the instrument panel turns on when the hand brake is engaged.
When the hand brake is engaged and the key switch is turned to "1", the safety system
that prevents the hand brake from getting released is activated. To release the hand
brake, turn the key switch to "2" or "3". If the switch is set to "1" , the hand brake can
also be engaged.
If the WARNING light "Q" turns on (flashes), it means that there is a failure in the front
suspension locking system. Therefore, it is necessary to take your vehicle to a Piaggio
Service Center. If the front suspension is locked, it can be unlocked by quickly operating the"T" switch twice to the unlocking position "2". Once the suspension is
unlocked, the vehicle can be normally used, except for the locking system which will
be disengaged.
For some cases of failure, the vehicle speed is auto-limited to 30 Km/h. This automatic
procedure is activated to enhance safety until the failure is eliminated.
Always contact a Piaggio Service Center
If the continuous sound alarm is activated when the WARNING light "Q" turns on
(steadily), try unlocking the system by operating the "T" switch twice to the unlocking
position "2". If it cannot be unlocked, take your vehicle to a Piaggio Service Center at once.
47
2 Use
With the vehicle off and the suspension locking system engaged, it is possible to get
off the scooter without using the stand. For safety reasons, it is recommended to press
the hand brake lever shown in the figure, moving it form "0" to "1".
48
2 Use
MP3 250 i.e.
Chap. 03
Maintenance
49
Engine oil level
03_01
In 4T engines, engine oil is used to lubricate the distribution elements, main bearings
and thermal group. An insufficient quantity of oil can cause serious damage to
the engine itself. In all four-stroke engines, a loss of efficiency in oil performance and
consumption should be considered normal. Consumption can particularly reflect the
conditions of use (i.e. when driving at "full acceleration" all the time, oil consumption
increases). The replacement frequencies provided for by the maintenance programme
are defined, depending on the total contents of oil in the engine and average consumption measured following standardised methods. In order to prevent any problems, we recommend checking oil level more frequently than indicated in the
Scheduled Maintenance table or before setting off on long journeys. The vehicle
is, however, equipped with an oil pressure warning light on the instrument panel.
Engine oil level check (03_01)
03_02
Every time the scooter is used, a visual check should be made on the level of the
engine oil when the engine is cold. The oil level should be somewhere between the
MAX and MIN index marks on the level bar; the check must be made with the scooter
upright, resting on the centre stand. If the check is carried out after the vehicle has
been used, and therefore with a hot engine, the level line will be lower; in order to carry
out a correct check it is necessary to wait at least 10 minutes after the engine has
been stopped, so as to get the correct level.
Engine oil top-up
3 Maintenance
Any topping up with oil must be carried out after the oil level check by adding oil, but
never exceeding the MAX level. The topping up of the level between MIN and
MAX requires approx. 200 cc of oil. Every 5000 km, however, the engine oil level
should be checked and topped up, if necessary, at an Authorised Piaggio Service
Centre.
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure)
03_03
The vehicle is equipped with a warning light that lights up when the key is turned to
the «ON». However, this light should switch off once the engine has been started. If
the light comes on while braking, at idle speed or while turning a corner, it is
necessary to check the oil level and top it up if required. If after having topped50
Engine oil change (03_02, 03_03)
The oil and cartridge filter "C" must be changed after 1,000 km and every 10,000 km
at an authorised Piaggio service centre. The engine should be emptied by draining
the oil from the drainage cap "B" of the gauze filter on the flywheel side. In order to
facilitate the oil drainage, loosen the cap/dipstick. Since a certain quantity of oil remains in the circuit still, the top-up should be carried out with around 600 ÷ 650 cc of
oil from cap "A". Then start up the scooter, leave it running for a few minutes and
switch it off: after five minutes, check the level and if necessary top up without exceeding the MAX. level. The cartridge filter must be replaced at every oil change.
For top up and change, use new oil of the recommended type.
WARNING
RUNNING THE ENGINE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION OR WITH INADEQUATE LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF THE MOVING
PARTS AND CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
WARNING
EXCESSIVE OIL LEVEL AT TOP-UPS CAN LEAD TO SCALE FORMATION AND
VEHICLE MALFUNCTIONING.
CAUTION
USED OILS CONTAIN SUBSTANCES HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT. FOR
OIL REPLACEMENT, CONTACT AN AUTHORISED PIAGGIO SERVICE CENTRE,
51
3 Maintenance
up the oil, the warning light still comes on while braking, at idle speed or while
turning a corner, it will be necessary to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre.
AS THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF SPENT OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
CAUTION
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA Synthetic oil
Hub oil level (03_04, 03_05)
Check the oil in the rear hub. (oil content ~ 250 cc). To check the rear hub oil level,
proceed as follows:
1) Rest the vehicle onto its centre stand, on level ground.
03_04
2) Unscrew the dipstick «A», dry it with a clean cloth and then reinsert it screwing it
fully into place.
3) Pull out the dipstick to control that the oil level reaches the second notch from the
bottom, as indicated by the arrow in figure, this is the correct level and must remain
constant at all times.
3 Maintenance
4) Screw the dipstick back in, checking that it is correctly locked in place.
N.B.
03_05
The notches on the hub oil level dipstick, except for the one indicating the
"MAX" level, refer to other models by the manufacturer and have no specific
function for this model.
52
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT HUB LUBRICATION OR WITH CONTAMINATED OR IMPROPER LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND
TEAR OF THE MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE.
CAUTION
USED OIL CAN HARM THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL
SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT REGULATIONS.
CAUTION
AN EXCESSIVE QUANTITY OF OIL CAN LEAD TO LEAKAGE, WHICH MAY
CAUSE THE ENGINE AND THE WHEEL TO GET DIRTY.
CAUTION
WHEN REPLACING THE HUB OIL DO NOT LET THE OIL COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE REAR BRAKE DISC.
CAUTION
FOR OIL REPLACEMENT, CONTACT ANY AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE AS
THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF USED OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY
FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
53
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
Characteristic
Rear hub oil
250 cc
Tyres (03_06)
WARNING
THE WHEELS FITTED WITH TYRES SHOULD ALWAYS BE BALANCED. RIDING
THE VEHICLE WITH VERY LOW TYRE PRESSURE OR WITH INCORRECTLY
BALANCED TYRES CAN LEAD TO DANGEROUS STEERING VIBRATIONS.
03_06
Characteristic
Front tyre pressure (rider)
Front tyre pressure (rider): 1.6 bar
Front tyre pressure (rider and passenger)
Front tyre pressure (rider and passenger): 1.8 bar
Rear tyre pressure (rider)
Rear tyre pressure (rider): 2 bar
Rear wheel pressure (rider and passenger):
3 Maintenance
Rear tyre pressure (rider and passenger): 2.4 bar
54
Remove the port on the right-hand side panel of the vehicle by undoing the clamping
screw and using a small screwdriver in the rear recess shown in the figure, then do
the following :
1. Disconnect spark plug HV wire cap "A";
2. Unscrew the spark plug using the wrench supplied. ;
3. When refitting, place the spark plug in the hole at the due inclination and tighten it
by hand until it is finger tight;
03_07
4. Only use the wrench to lock it in place;
5. Place hood«A» fully over the spark plug.
6. Refit the port making sure the rear hook is inserted.
WARNING
THE SPARK PLUG MUST BE REMOVED WHEN THE ENGINE IS COLD. THE
SPARK PLUG MUST BE REPLACED EVERY 20,000 KM. USE OF ELECTRONIC
CONTROL UNITS OR ELECTRONIC IGNITIONS DIFFERING FROM THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
N.B.
THE USE OF SPARK PLUGS OTHER THAN THE INDICATED TYPE OR OF
SHIELDLESS SPARK PLUG CAPS CAN CAUSE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FAILURES.
Electric characteristic
Spark plug
CHAMPION RG4 PHP
Electrode gap
55
3 Maintenance
Spark plug dismantlement (03_07)
0.7 ÷ 0.8 mm
Removing the air filter (03_08)
Proceed as follows:
Undo the clamping screws «A» (two of which are on the knob-type head) and remove
the air-box cover.
03_08
Air filter cleaning
1. Wash the sponge with water and neutral soap.
2. Dry it with a clean cloth and small blasts of compressed air.
3. Impregnate the sponge with a mixture of 50% petrol and 50% specified oil.
4. Gently squeeze the filter element, let it drip and then refit it.
CAUTION
3 Maintenance
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS IT IS NECESSARY TO CARRY OUT
MAINTENANCE CONTROLS OF THE AIR FILTER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE
ENGINE.
Recommended products
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased adhesiveness
56
The engine cooling system operates by forcing circulation of fluid. The cooling circuit
contains about 2 litres of coolant consisting of a mixture of 50% de-ionised water and
glycol ethylene-based antifreeze solution with corrosion inhibitors. Recommended
coolant, supplied with already mixed and ready for use fluid. For proper functioning of
the engine, the coolant temperature must be between the 4th and 7th lit segment, as
indicated by the instrument «D» on the digital instrument panel. When the 9th lights
up, the icon and all the segments start flashing; stop the engine, let it cool down and
check the fluid level; if the result is normal, take your vehicle to an Authorised Piaggio
Service Centre.
03_09
The fluid inspection should be carried out every 6,000 km when the engine is cold,following the methods indicated below.
a) Rest the vehicle in vertical position on the stand and remove the screw of the expansion tank cap shown in the photo
b) Remove the expansion tank cover "A", turning in anticlockwise direction.
c) Look inside the expansion tank; the fluid level must always be between the min and
the max level
d) If the coolant level is near the minimum mark, top up when the engine is cold.
03_10
If it is necessary to top up the coolant frequently, or if the expansion tank is completely
dry, you should look for the cause in the cooling system. It is therefore indispensable
to have the cooling system checked at an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. The
coolant should be replaced every 2 years. Take your vehicle to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre for this operation.
N.B.
SHOULD THE 9th SEGMENT OF THE COOLANT TEMPERATURE INDICATOR
COME ON DURING A NON-DEMANDING RIDE, SHUT OFF THE ENGINE AND LET
IT COOL DOWN. THEN CHECK THE COOLANT LEVEL; IF THE LEVEL IS OK,
CONTACT AN AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE.
03_11
57
3 Maintenance
Cooling fluid level (03_09, 03_10, 03_11, 03_12)
WARNING
IN ORDER TO AVOID BURNS, DO NOT UNSCREW THE EXPANSION TANK CAP
WHILE THE ENGINE IS STILL HOT.
WARNING
03_12
IN ORDER TO AVOID HARMFUL FLUID LEAKS WHILE RIDING, IT IS IMPORTANT
TO MAKE SURE THAT THE LEVEL NEVER EXCEEDS THE MAXIMUM VALUE.
IN ORDER TO GUARANTEE THE PROPER FUNCTION OF THE ENGINE, IT IS
NECESSARY TO KEEP THE RADIATOR GRILLE CLEAN.
Recommended products
SPECIAL AGIP PERMANENT fluid
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid, CUNA NC 956-16
Checking the brake oil level (03_13)
The front and rear brake fluid reservoirs are both positioned on the handlebars. Proceed as follows:
1. Place the scooter on its centre stand and make sure the handlebar is centred;
3 Maintenance
2. Check the fluid through the specific sight glass «C».
A certain lowering of the level is caused by wear on the pads. Should the level appear
to be below the minimum mark, please contact an Authorised Service Centre or
Dealer in order to have braking system thoroughly checked.
03_13
Braking system fluid top up (03_14)
Proceed as follows:
58
This procedure applies to the rear brake pump top-up operation; follow the same procedure for the front brake pump.
Under normal climatic conditions, the brake fluid should be replaced every 2 years.
This operation must be carried out by trained technicians; please contact your nearest
PIAGGIO dealer or an authorised service centre.
03_14
WARNING
ONLY USE DOT 4 CLASS BRAKE FLUIDS. COOLING SYSTEM FLUIDS ARE
HIGHLY CORROSIVE. MAKE SURE THAT IT DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE PAINTWORK
.
CAUTION
AVOID CONTACT OF BRAKE FLUID WITH EYES, SKIN, AND CLOTHING. IN
CASE OF CONTACT, RINSE WITH WATER. THE BRAKING CIRCUIT FLUID IS
HYGROSCOPIC, THAT IS, IT ABSORBS HUMIDITY FROM THE SURROUNDING
AIR. IF THE HUMIDITY IN THE BRAKING FLUID EXCEEDS A CERTAIN VALUE,
IT WILL LEAD TO INEFFICIENT BRAKING. NEVER USE BRAKING FLUID KEPT
IN CONTAINERS THAT HAVE ALREADY BEEN OPENED, OR PARTIALLY USED.
Recommended products
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
59
3 Maintenance
Loosen the fixing screws "B" and lift the plastic cover "A" in order to access the brake
reservoir. Loosen the two fixing screws and remove the reservoir cover; top-up with
the recommended fluid without exceeding the 'MAX.' mark.
Battery (03_15)
To access the battery, proceed as follows:
1. Place the scooter on its centre stand;
2. Open the saddle, following the previously described procedure;
3. Remove the two fasteners "A" and the cover "B".
WARNING
03_15
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, NEVER DISCONNECT THE WIRING WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING.
Use of a new battery
Make sure that the terminals are connected correctly.
CAUTION
DO NOT REVERSE THE POLARITY: RISK OF SHORT CIRCUIT AND DAMAGE
TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
3 Maintenance
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
60
If the vehicle has not been used for long periods, it is necessary to periodically recharge the battery, bearing in mind that the battery tends to go completely flat within
around three months. The battery must be recharged with a current load equal to 1/10
of the battery rated capacity (~ 1A ), for a period not longer than 8 hours. For this
operation contact an Authorised Service Centre. When refitting a removed battery,
make sure that all terminals are properly connected.
Fuses (03_16, 03_17, 03_18)
The electrical system has twelve fuses divided in two fuse boxes to protect the different
installation circuits. One of them is inside the battery compartment and the other is at
the right internal side of the footrest. To be able to reach, loosen the screw "A" and
remove the plastic cover. The chart shows the position and characteristics of the fuses
in the vehicle.
CAUTION
03_16
BEFORE REPLACING THE BLOWN FUSE, FIND AND SOLVE THE FAILURE
THAT CAUSED IT TO BLOW. NEVER TRY TO REPLACE THE FUSE WITH ANY
OTHER MATERIAL (E.G., A PIECE OF ELECTRIC WIRE).
03_17
61
3 Maintenance
Long periods of inactivity
03_18
FUSE TABLE
Fuse No. 1
Capacity: 30A
Protected
regulator
circuits:Voltage
Location:battery compartment
Fuse No. 2
Capacity: 20A
Protected
circuits:batterypowered fuse No. 7, live fuses No.
8 - No. 9 - No.10 - No.11
Location:battery compartment
3 Maintenance
Fuse No. 3 (if present)
Capacity: 20A
Protected circuits:parking control
ECU
Location:battery compartment
Fuse No. 4
Capacity: 15 A
62
3 Maintenance
Protected
circuits:Batterypowered saddle opening switch,
glove-box
lighting,
headlight,
emergency turn indicator
Location:battery compartment
Fuse No. 5
Capacity: 15 A
Protected
circuits:Batterypowered injection loads, electrical
fan
Location:battery compartment
Fuse No. 6
Capacity: 3A
Protected
circuits:Batterypowered injection control unit
Location:battery compartment
Fuse No. 7
Capacity: 7.5 A
Protected
circuits:Batterypowered instrument panel
Location:footrest
Fuse No. 8
Capacity: 10A
Protected circuits:Live stop and
start lights
Location:footrest
Fuse No. 9
Capacity: 7.5 A
Protected circuits:live passing
and horn
63
Location:battery compartment
Fuse No. 10
Capacity: 7.5A
Protected circuits:Live injection,
electrical fan remote control
antenna, injection loads remote
control
Location:footrest
Fuse No. 11
Capacity: 7.5A
Protected circuits:Live ECU
parking lever, antitheft device,
instrument panel, headlight remote
control, horn remote control
Location:footrest
Fuse No. 12
Capacity: 7.5A
Protected
circuits:Live
turn
indicator, saddle opening switch,
tail lights, panel lighting
Location:footrest
3 Maintenance
LIGHT BULBS TABLE
Low-beam bulb
Type: HALOGEN (H1)
Power: 12V - 55W
Quantity: 1
64
Type: HALOGEN (H1)
3 Maintenance
High-beam light bulb
Power: 12V - 55W
Quantity: 1
Helmet compartment light bulb
Type: CYLINDRIC
Power: 12V - 5W
Quantity: 1
Rear turn indicator bulb
Type: ALL GLASS
Power: 12V - 5W
Quantity: 2 RHS + 2 LHS
Rear tail light bulb
Type: ALL GLASS
Power: 12V - 5W
Quantity: 1 RHS + 1 LHS
Stop light bulb
Type: SPHERICAL
Power: 12V - 10W
Quantity: 2
License plate light bulb
Type: ALL GLASS
Power: 12V - 5W
Quantity: 1
Front turn indicator bulb
Type: ALL GLASS
Power: 12V - 10W
Quantity: 1 RHS + 1 LHS
65
Front tail light bulb
Type: ALL GLASS
Power: 12V - 3W
Quantity: 1 RHS + 1 LHS
Instrument panel bulb
Type: ALL GLASS
Power: 12V - 2W
Quantity: 4
Front light group (03_19, 03_20, 03_21, 03_22, 03_23, 03_24,
03_25, 03_26, 03_27)
To remove the front headlight assembly, proceed as follows:
03_19
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Remove the Piaggio clip-on badge
Remove the screw «A» and the headlight assembly central cover
Remove the two headlamp upper fixing screws «B»
Remove the two grille front fixing screws «C »
Remove the two screws «D» located under the grille
Remove the two screws «E» located inside the front shield
Remove the grille
Remove the two headlight lower fixing screws «F»
Take out the front headlight assembly
Refit the components following the above operations in reversed order
3 Maintenance
WARNING
HIGH AND LOW BEAM LIGHT ARE OF THE HALOGEN TYPE: DO NOT TOUCH
WITH YOUR FINGERS TO AVOID DAMAGING THEIR FUNCTION.
03_20
Headlight adjustment (03_28, 03_29)
Proceed as follows:
66
2. Remove the headlight assembly central cover
3. Turn on the headlight and check that the limit of the projected light beam is not over
9/10 or below 7/10 of the distance from the ground to the centre of the vehicle headlight;
4. Otherwise, adjust the headlight with the screws«A» indicated in the figure
03_21
N.B.
THE ABOVE PROCEDURE COMPLIES WITH THE EUROPEAN STANDARDS REGARDING MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM HEIGHT OF LIGHT BEAMS. REFER TO THE
STATUTORY REGULATIONS IN FORCE IN EVERY COUNTRY WHERE THE vehicle IS USED.
03_22
03_23
67
3 Maintenance
1. Position the unloaded vehicle, in running order and with the tyres inflated to the
prescribed pressure, on a flat surface 10 m away from a half-lit white screen; ensure
that the longitudinal axis of the vehicle is perpendicular to the screen;
03_24
3 Maintenance
03_25
03_26
68
3 Maintenance
03_27
03_28
03_29
69
Front direction indicators (03_30, 03_31)
To remove the front turn indicator bulb, turn the bulb holder«A» anticlockwise and
remove it from its fitting.
03_30
03_31
Rear optical unit (03_32, 03_33, 03_34, 03_35)
Open the rear case cover, remove the two screws «D», and then, the other four fixing
screws «D» to pull out the headlight assembly from its fitting.
Follow this procedure to remove the bulbs:
3 Maintenance
Remove the snap-on bulbs «B».
Remove the bulbs «A» on the bayonet by turning them 30° clockwise.
03_32
70
3 Maintenance
03_33
03_34
03_35
71
Number plate light (03_36, 03_37)
Open the rear case and remove the rubber «A» shown in the figure without damaging
the plastic parts. Next, slide off the bulb holder.
Remove the bulb afterwards.
03_36
03_37
Helmet compartment lighting bulb (03_38)
3 Maintenance
Open the rear boot and insert a small plain slot screwdriver in the lateral notch to
detach the snap-on glass "D", then replace the bulb.
03_38
72
The mirrors can be set to the desired position by adjusting the mirror frame.
03_39
Front and rear disc brake
The brake disc and pad wear is automatically compensated, therefore it has no effect
on the functioning of the front and rear brakes. For this reason it is not necessary to
adjust the brakes. An excessively elastic brake lever stroke may indicate the presence
of air in the braking circuit or a failure in the braking system. In this case, mainly due
to the importance of brakes to guarantee safe riding conditions, the vehicle should be
taken to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer.
CAUTION
THE BRAKING ACTION SHOULD BEGIN AFTER ABOUT 1/3 OF THE BRAKE
LEVER STROKE.
CAUTION
HAVE THE BRAKE PADS CHECKED BY THE DEALER ACCORDING TO THE
CHECKS SPECIFIED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE. HOWEVER,
IN THE EVENT OF NOISES COMING FROM THE FRONT AND/OR REAR BRAKE
SYSTEM DURING OPERATION, IT IS ADVISABLE TO HAVE THE BRAKE SYSTEM CHECKED BY A PIAGGIO DEALER OR AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE.
AFTER REPLACING THE BRAKE PADS, DO NOT USE THE SCOOTER UNTIL
73
3 Maintenance
Rear-view mirrors (03_39)
YOU HAVE OPERATED THE BRAKE LEVER SEVERAL TIMES IN ORDER TO
ALLOW THE PLUNGERS TO SETTLE AND THE LEVER STROKE TO BE SET TO
THE CORRECT POSITION.
CAUTION
THE PRESENCE OF SAND, MUD, SNOW MIXED WITH SALT, ETC. ON THE
ROAD, CAN DRASTICALLY REDUCE THE DURATION OF THE BRAKE PADS. IN
ORDER TO AVOID THIS, WE RECOMMEND WASHING THE VEHICLE FREQUENTLY WHEN RIDING IN THESE ROAD CONDITIONS.
Puncture
The vehicle is equipped with tubeless tyres (without inner tube). In the event of a
puncture, contrary to the situation with a tyre with inner tube, the tyre deflates more
slowly, resulting in a greater steering safety. In the event of a puncture, it is admissible
to make an emergency repair using an "inflate and repair" spray can. For a final repair,
take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer. The replacement of a
tyre involves removing the wheel in question. Take your vehicle to an Authorised
Service Centre or Dealer for these operations.
CAUTION
3 Maintenance
TO USE THE "INFLATE AND REPAIR" SPRAY PROPERLY FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE PACKAGING.
74
THE WHEELS FITTED WITH TYRES SHOULD ALWAYS BE BALANCED. RIDING
THE VEHICLE WITH VERY LOW TYRE PRESSURE OR WITH INCORRECTLY
BALANCED TYRES CAN LEAD TO DANGEROUS STEERING VIBRATIONS.
Periods of inactivity
We recommend carrying out the following operations:
1. Clean the scooter thoroughly and then cover it with a canvas;
2. Be careful to rest the vehicle on its centre stand disabling the front suspension
locking system;
3. With engine off and piston at the bottom dead centre, remove the spark plug, add
1÷2 cc of oil through the opening (adding more oil may damage the engine). Operate
the starter button 1-2 times for roughly 1 second to turn the engine over slowly, then
insert the spark plug again;
4. Empty all fuel; spread antirust grease on the unpainted metal parts; keep the wheels
lifted above the ground by resting the chassis on two wooden wedges;
5. For the battery, follow the procedures described in the «Battery» section.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
Cleaning the vehicle
In order to soften the dirt and mud deposited on the painted surfaces, use a low pressure jet of water. Once softened, mud and dirt must be removed with a soft sponge
for bodywork soaked in lots of water and "shampoo" (2-4% of car shampoo in water).
75
3 Maintenance
WARNING
Then rinse abundantly with water, and dry with a shammy cloth. For the outside of the
engine, use petroleum, a brush and clean cloths. Petroleum can damage paintwork.
Remember that any polishing with silicone wax must always be preceded by washing
CAUTION
DETERGENTS CAN POLLUTE WATER. THE VEHICLE MUST BE WASHED AT A
WASH STATION EQUIPPED WITH A SPECIAL WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM.
CAUTION
PER IL LAVAGGIO DEL MOTORE E DEL VEICOLO É SCONSIGLIATO L'UTILIZZO DELL'IDROPULITRICE; NEL CASO CHE NON SIA POSSIBILE EFFETTUARE
TALE OPERAZIONE IN UN ALTRO MODO, É NECESSARIO:
• USARE SOLAMENTE IL GETTO A VENTAGLIO.
• NON AVVICINARE LA LANCIA A MENO DI 2 FT (60 CM).
• NON USARE ACQUA A TEMPERATURE SUPERIORI A 100° F (40°C).
• NON UTILIZZARE IL GETTO AD ALTA PRESSIONE.
• NON UTILIZZARE IL LAVAGGIO A VAPORE.
• NON INDIRIZZARE IL GETTO DIRETTAMENTE VERSO: IL MOTORE, I CABLAGGI ELETTRICI, LE FERITOIE DI RAFFREDDAMENTO DEL COPERCHIO
TRASMISSIONE E DEL COPERCHIO CHIOCCIOLA.
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
NEVER WASH THE SCOOTER IN DIRECT SUNLIGHT, ESPECIALLY IN SUMMER
WHEN THE BODYWORK IS STILL HOT AS THE SHAMPOO COULD DAMAGE
THE PAINTWORK IF IT DRIES BEFORE BEING RINSED OFF. NEVER USE
76
STARTING FAILURE
Emergency switch in «OFF»
Set the switch back to «ON»
Fuse blown
Replace the blown fuse and have
the vehicle checked by an
Authorised Service Centre.
IGNITION PROBLEM
Faulty spark plug
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Faulty ignition / injection control
unit.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Faulty coil. Due to the presence of Contact an Authorised Service
high voltage, this check should
Centre.
only be carried out by an expert.
LACK OF COMPRESSION
Loosen spark plug.
Screw in the spark plug tightly
77
3 Maintenance
CLOTHS SOAKED IN ALCOHOL, PETROL, DIESEL OIL OR KEROSENE FOR
CLEANING THE PAINTED OR PLASTIC SURFACES, IN ORDER NOT TO DAMAGE THE LUSTRE FINISH OR ALTER THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES. USING
SILICONE-BASED WAX CAN DAMAGE THE PAINTED SURFACES, DEPENDING
ON THE VEHICLE COLOUR (SATIN COLOURS). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
ON THIS MATTER, CONTACT AN AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE .
Cylinder head loose, piston gas
rings worn.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Valve stuck
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
HIGH CONSUMPTION AND LOW PERFORMANCE
Air filter blocked or dirty.
Clean with water and shampoo and
impregnate with petrol and specific
oil (section «Removing the air
filter»)
INSUFFICIENT BRAKING
Greasy disc. Worn pads. Faulty
Contact an Authorised Service
braking system. Presence of air in Centre.
the front and rear brake circuit.
INEFFICIENT SUSPENSIONS
3 Maintenance
Shock absorber fault, oil leak, end Contact an Authorised Service
buffer damaged; shock absorber
Centre.
preloading incorrectly set
IRREGULAR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Variator rollers and/or driving belt
damaged
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
78
3 Maintenance
STAND DOES NOT RETURN TO POSITION
Presence of dirt
Clean and grease
79
80
3 Maintenance
MP3 250 i.e.
Chap. 04
Technical data
81
04_01
4 Technical data
MP3 250 I.E. TECHNICAL DATA
Electronic ignition
inductive, high efficiency
integrated with the injection
system, with variable timing and
separate HV coil.
Fuel supply
throttle valve dia. 32 mm and single
injector
Transmission
With automatic expandable pulley
variator with torque server, V belt,
self-ventilating automatic
centrifugal dry clutch, gear
reduction unit and transmission
82
Lubrication
Engine lubrication with lobe pump
(inside crankcase) controlled by a
chain with double filter: mesh and
paper.
Cooling
Forced fluid circulation, with
engine driven pump; 3-way
thermostat to pump intake.
Front suspension
The tilt mechanism is composed of
an articulated parallelogram
suspension with die-cast
aluminium control arms and two
side headstocks plus shock
absorbers with hydraulic locking
system.
Rear suspension
Single arm with two double-acting
hydraulic shock absorbers and
preloading adjustable to 4
positions.
Front wheel
Alloy rims: 12" x 3.00"
Rear wheel
Alloy rim: 12"x 3.50"
Front tyre
Without inner tube 120/70-12" 51P
Rear tyre
Without inner tube: 130/70-12" 62P
Front brake
Ø 240 mm double disk with
hydraulic control activated by the
handlebar right-hand lever.
Rear brake
Ø 240 mm disc brake with
hydraulic control activated by the
handlebar left-side lever.
Chassis
Tubular and sheet steel.
4 Technical data
housing with forced air circulation
cooling.
83
Kerb weight
224 ± 5 Kg
bearing
410 kg
Max. speed
125 km/h
Air filter
Sponge impregnated with fuel
mixture (50% SELENIA air filter oil
and 50% unleaded petrol).
Fuel tank capacity
Tank capacity: ~12 l (approximate
value)
Fuel reserve
~ 2.0 l (approximate value)
Cooling circuit
Capacity: ~ 2.0 l
Rear hub oil
250 cc
Exhaust muffler
Twin three-way catalytic converter
4 Technical data
MP3 250 I.E. ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Engine
single-cylinder four stroke
Bore x stroke
72 x 60 mm
Cubic capacity
244.29 cm³
Compression ratio
10.5 - 11.5 : 1
Ignition advance (before TDC)
variable (integrated into the ignition
system)
Spark plug
CHAMPION RG 4 PHP
Valve clearance
intake: 0.10 mm
discharge: 0.15 mm
Engine oil
Capacity: 1.3 l (dry) ; 1.2 l (when
changing oil and filter)
84
One box-spanner; one lever for box-spanner; one twin screwdriver; one flat wrench
13 mm; one special spanner for adjusting the rear shock absorbers one plastic gripper
for removing the fuses.
The tools are stored under the saddle in the compartment provided. To open it, release
the catch shown in the figure.
04_02
85
4 Technical data
Kit equipment (04_02)
86
4 Technical data
MP3 250 i.e.
Chap. 05
Spare parts and
accessories
87
05_01
Warnings (05_01)
WARNING
5 Spare parts and accessories
TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS AND TO GUARANTEE PROPER STABILITY, PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY, RIDE THE VEHICLE VERY CAREFULLY WHEN IT IS FITTED
WITH ACCESSORIES OR WITH UNUSUAL LOADS.
WARNING
IT IS ALSO RECOMMENDED THAT "ORIGINAL PIAGGIO SPARE PARTS" BE USED,
AS THESE ARE THE ONLY ONES OFFERING YOU THE SAME QUALITY GUARANTEE AS THOSE INITIALLY FITTED ON THE SCOOTER. THE USE OF NON-ORIGINAL
SPARE PARTS RENDERS THE WARRANTY VOID.
88
PIAGGIO MARKETS ITS OWN LINE OF ACCESSORIES THAT ARE RECOGNISED
AND GUARANTEED FOR USE. IT IS THEREFORE ESSENTIAL, IN ORDER TO
CHOOSE AND MOUNT THE ACCESSORIES CORRECTLY, TO CONTACT AN AUTHORISED DEALER OR SERVICE CENTRE. THE USE OF NON-ORIGINAL ACCESSORIES MAY AFFECT THE STABILITY AND OPERATION OF YOUR VEHICLE AND
REDUCE SAFETY LEVELS WITH POTENTIAL RISKS FOR THE RIDER.
WARNING
NEVER RIDE THE SCOOTER EQUIPPED WITH ACCESSORIES (TOP BOX AND/OR
WINDSHIELD) AT A SPEED HIGHER THAN 100 km/h.
THE SCOOTER CAN BE RIDDEN AT A HIGHER SPEED WITHOUT THE ACCESSORIES MENTIONED BEFORE WITHIN THE LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY LAW.
IF THERE SHOULD BE NOT-PIAGGIO ACCESSORIES INSTALLED, OR AN ABNORMAL LOAD, OR IF THE SCOOTER IS NOT IN A GENERALLY GOOD CONDITION, OR
WHENEVER WEATHER CONDITIONS DEMAND IT, SPEED SHOULD BE REDUCED
FURTHER.
WARNING
BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHEN INSTALLING AND REMOVING THE MECHANICAL ANTITHEFT DEVICE ON THE VEHICLE (U-SHAPED PADLOCK, DISC BLOCK,
ETC.).
MAINLY DUE TO THE PROXIMITY TO THE BRAKE PIPES, TRANSMISSIONS AND/
OR ELECTRIC CABLES, AN INCORRECT INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF THE
ANTITHEFT DEVICE AS WELL AS LEAVING IT ON BEFORE STARTING THE VEHI-
89
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
5 Spare parts and accessories
CLE CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE ITS COMPONENTS AND AFFECT THE CORRECT
FUNCTIONING OF THE VEHICLE AND HARM THE USER.
90
MP3 250 i.e.
Chap. 06
Programmed
maintenance
91
Scheduled maintenance table
Adequate maintenance is fundamental to ensuring long-lasting, optimum operation
and performance of your vehicle.
To this end, a series of checks and maintenance operations (at the owner's expense)
have been suggested, which are included in the summary table on the following page.
Any minor faults should be reported without delay to an Authorised Service Centre
or Dealer without waiting until the next scheduled service to solve it.
All scheduled maintenance services must be carried out at the specified times, even
if the stated mileage has not yet been reached. Carrying out scheduled services on
time is necessary to ensure your warranty remains valid. For any further information
concerning Warranty procedures and "Scheduled Maintenance", please refer to the
"Warranty Booklet".
EVERY 2 YEARS
Coolant - change
6 Programmed maintenance
Brake fluid - change
AFTER 1,000 KM
Safety locks - check
Throttle lever - adjustment
Engine oil - change
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
92
6 Programmed maintenance
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - change
Steering - Check
Tilt locking gripper control cable - adjustment
AFTER 5,000 KM, 15,000 KM, 25,000 KM, 35000 KM,
45,000 KM, 55,000 KM, 65,000 KM, 75,000 KM
Engine oil - level check/ top-up
Brake pads - check condition and wear
AFTER 10,000 KM 50,000 KM 70,000 KM
Safety locks - check
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Engine oil - change
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
Brake pads - check condition and wear
93
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - check
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
Centre stand - lubrication
Tilt locking gripper control cable - adjustment
AFTER 20,000 KM, 35,000 KM, 50,000 KM, 65,000 KM,
80,000 KM
Driving Belt - replacement
6 Programmed maintenance
AFTER 20,000 KM, 40,000 KM, 80,000 KM
Spark plug - replacement
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Engine oil - change
Valve clearance - check
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
94
6 Programmed maintenance
Engine oil - replacement
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - change
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
Tilt locking gripper control cable - adjustment
30,000 KM
Safety locks - check
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Engine oil - change
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
Hub oil - check
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
95
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
Tilt locking gripper control cable - adjustment
60,000 KM
Spark plug - replacement
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Engine oil - change
Valve clearance - check
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
6 Programmed maintenance
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
Hub oil - change
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Suspensions - check
96
Tilt locking gripper control cable - adjustment
RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS TABLE
Description
Product
Specifications
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the
requirements of API GL3 specifications
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle
control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased
adhesiveness
AGIP GP 330
Calcium complex soap-based grease with
NLGI 2; ISO-L-XBCIB2
Grease (brake control levers, throttle grip)
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA
Synthetic oil
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
SPECIAL AGIP PERMANENT fluid
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid,
CUNA NC 956-16
97
6 Programmed maintenance
Steering - Check
98
6 Programmed maintenance
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A
F
L
Air filter: 56
Fuel: 24
Fuses: 61
Light switch: 16
B
Battery: 60
Brake: 58, 73
M
H
Maintenance: 13, 49, 91, 92
Headlight: 66
Horn: 15
Hub oil: 52
Mirrors: 73
C
S
Clock: 12
Saddle: 22, 25–27
Scheduled maintenance: 92
Shock absorbers: 34
Spark plug: 55
Stand: 40
Start-up: 17
I
D
Disc brake: 73
Display: 13
Identification: 28
Immobilizer: 18, 21
Instrument panel: 10
K
E
Engine oil: 50, 51
Engine stop: 17
T
Key switch: 14
Keys: 18
Tank: 24
Technical Data: 81
Top box: 28
Transmission: 41
99
Tyre pressure: 33
Tyres: 54
The descriptions and illustrations given in this publication are not binding. While the basic features as described and illustrated in this manual remain
unchanged, PIAGGIO - GILERA reserves the right, at any time and without being required to update this publication beforehand, to make any changes
to components, parts or accessory supplies, which it considers necessary to improve the product or which are required for manufacturing or construction
reasons.
Not all versions shown in this publication are available in all Countries. The availability of individual versions should be confirmed with the official Piaggio sales network.
"© Copyright 2007 - PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. Pontedera. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this publication in whole or in part is prohibited."
PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. - After-Sales
V.le Rinaldo Piaggio, 23 - 56025 PONTEDERA (Pi)