Model PAB-450R
400 Watt 4-Channel Amplifier
Ow ne r's
Manual
INDEX
Specifications ................................................................................1
Precautions ................................................................................ 2
Installation Instructions .................................................................3
Wiring Instructions ................................................................ 4 - 5
4-Channel and Mixed-Mono Input Wiring Diagram .................... 6
4-Channel and Mixed-Mono Output Wiring Diagram ................. 7
3-Channel Input Wiring Diagram ................................................ 8
3-Channel Output Wiring Diagram ............................................. 9
2- Channel Mono (Bridged) Input Wiring Diagram .................... 10
2-Channel Mono (Bridged) Output Wiring Diagram ................... 11
Operation ...........................................................................12 - 13
Warranty ....................................................................... Back Cover
HIGH PERFORMANCE STEREO AMPLIFIER
This power amplifier has been designed to provide high quality performance with
a minimum of maintenance. However, it's performance will only be as good as the
care and quality of components with which it is installed. We therefore advise that
you read these instructions very carefully to familiarize yourself with the product and
it's features.
Should you require assistance with the installation or wiring of this unit, please call
our toll-free "HELP" line at 1-800-645-4994 during the days/hours shown.
HELP!
1-800-645-4994
Monday - Friday
Saturday
8:30am - 7:00pm Eastern
9:00am - 5:00pm Eastern
SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum Output Power:
4-Channel Operation:
2-Channel Operation:
Output Power @ 0.05% T.H.D.:
4-Channel Operation:
2-Channel Operation:
Output Impedance:
Frequency Response:
Channel Separation:
Signal / Noise Ratio:
Input Impedance:
low-level 10K ohms
high-level 100 ohms
Input Sensitivity:
low-level 200 mv. - 4 v.
high-level 2 - 10 v.
Filter Types:
low-pass and hi-pass
Filter Slope:
18 dB/octave
Filter Crossover:
50 - 180 Hz. (variable)
Bass Boost:
+12 or 18 dB @ 45 Hz.
(selectable)
Supply Voltage:
12 volts, negative ground
Fuse Rating:
20 amps. x 2
Dimensions (W x H x D): 10-3/4" x 2-3/8" x 11-1/2"
273 mm x 62 mm x 290 mm
100 watts x 4
200 watts x 2
50 watts RMS x 4
125 watts RMS x 2
2 - 8 ohms (stereo)
4 - 8 ohms (mono)
10 - 50,000 Hz. ± 1 dB
50 dB
90 dB (A-Weighted)
* Due to continuing improvement, Audiovox reserves the right to change features and design without notice.
-1-
PRECAUTIONS
1. Although this unit is designed with built-in self-protection circuits, there may be a possibility of damage if it is not wired
correctly. Please follow the wiring instructions carefully for the type of system being used.
+) terminal of the battery. Connect this wire only after having
2. The last lead to be connected is the wire to the positive (+
completed and checked all other connections to the amplifier.
3. By nature of its design, a power amplifier generates heat and requires good air circulation around it to dissipate that
heat. Do not install the amplifier in an enclosed area which does not permit adequate air circulation. Should the
temperature of the unit rise too high, the internal thermal sensors will shut off operation until it has cooled down
sufficiently.
4. If fuse replacement is necessary, use only fuses of the same ampere rating as originally supplied with the unit. The
use of fuses with incorrect ratings may cause serious damage to the amplifier. If fuses blow consistently, carefully
check all electrical connections to the unit.
5. Supply of adequate battery voltage is critical to the proper operation of the power amplifier. The leads to the battery
and chassis ground must be of a thick enough gauge to provide this voltage to the amplifier. We recommend #10
gauge wire or larger (smaller gauge #) for the battery and ground leads.
6. Make certain that the speaker(s) to be used with this amplifier are capable of handling the output power (wattage)
of the unit. Use of speaker(s) not rated for the output of this amplifier may cause damage to or failure of the speaker(s)
for which Audiovox will not be liable.
-2-
INSTALLATION DIAGRAM
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
1. Select a mounting area where the amplifier will
have sufficient air circulation for proper cooling.
Inadequate air circulation will cause the
temperature of the amplifier to rise and will
trigger the thermal protection mode.
2. Place the amplifier on the mounting surface and
mark the locations of the four mounting holes as
shown in the illustration.
3. Remove the amplifier and drill a 1/8" hole at each
of the four locations.
CAUTION: Before drilling the holes, look at the
underside of the mounting surface. Always
check carefully to avoid drilling into wiring,
braces, fuel or brake lines. CHECK BEFORE
YOU DRILL !
4. Apply a self-adhesive rubber washer to the
bottom of the amplifier at each of the 4 screw
locations. Secure the amplifier to the mounting
surface using the self-tapping screws provided.
5. Attach the plastic end panels to the amplifier by
removing the protective paper from the selfadhesive strips on the bottom of the panels and
pressing them into position on the amplifier.
END PANELS
SELF-TAPPING SCREW
1/8" DIA.
HOLE
RUBBER WASHERS
MOUNTING SURFACE
-3-
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
The wiring of your amplifier will depend on the system and speakers you are using but will either be a 4-channel, 3-channel,
2-channel, or mixed-mono application. The following pages illustrate the input and output wiring for these types. Please
refer to the appropriate diagrams for the system configuration you are using.
The power and speaker wire connections for this amplifier are made via screw tightened terminal blocks. Loosen the
screw for the connection to be made and fully insert the wire (strip 1/2" of insulation from the end) under the respective
screw on the side panel (crimp-on "U" terminals are provided to simplify wiring and we recommend their use). Tighten
the screw down to secure the wire.
1. Power Connection
The battery terminal (+12V) must be connected directly to the positive terminal of the vehicle battery to provide an
adequate voltage source and minimize noise. Connecting the battery terminal lead to any other point (such as the fuse
block) will reduce the power output and may cause noise and distortion. Use only #10 gauge or thicker (smaller
gauge #) wire for this lead and connect it to the terminal of the battery after all other wiring is completed.
2. Ground Connection
The ground terminal (GND) connection is also critical to the correct operation of the amplifier. Use a wire of the same
#10 or thicker) and connect it between the ground terminal (GND) of the amplifier and
gauge as the power connection (#10
a metal part of the vehicle close to the mounting location. This wire should be as short as possible and any paint or
rust at the grounding point should be scraped away to provide a clean metal surface to which the end of the ground
wire can be screwed or bolted.
3. Remote Turn-On Connection
The amplifier is turned on by applying +12 volts to the remote turn-on terminal (REM). The wire lead to this terminal
should be connected to the "Auto-Antenna" lead from the car stereo which will provide the +12 volts only when the car
stereo is turned on. If the car stereo does not provide an Auto-Antenna lead, the remote turn-on lead may be wired
to an "Accessory" or "Radio" terminal in the car's fuse block. This will turn the amplifier on and off with the ignition key,
regardless of whether the car stereo is on or off. The remote turn-on lead does not carry large currents, so #20 gauge
wire may be used for this application.
-4-
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
4. Speaker Connections
Depending on the type and number of speakers used with the amplifier, wire them to the speaker terminals as per
the appropriate wiring diagram. For most applications, #18 gauge wire should be used for the speaker leads but in
no case thinner than #20 gauge. For leads in excess of 10 feet, #16 gauge is recommended. When wiring the
speakers, pay careful attention to the polarity of the terminals on the speakers and make certain they correspond
to the polarity of the corresponding terminals on the amplifier. DO NOT ground any speaker leads to the chassis of
the vehicle.
5. Input Connections
This amplifier features both high and low-level input capability. Use either the low-level or high-level inputs, not both.
If low-level outputs are provided from the car stereo, it is recommended that the low-level inputs be used for lowest
distortion and best performance. Use good quality shielded audio cables with RCA plugs at both ends to connect
the stereo to the amplifier and keep the cable lengths to a minimum to avoid noise.
If the car stereo does not provide low-level outputs, the amplifier may be connected via the speaker (high-level)
outputs from the stereo. Wire the speaker leads from the car stereo to the 4-pin adaptor harness as shown in the
diagram (shielded cable is not required for this application) and plug the connector into the mating High-Level Input
connector on the amplifier. Carefully splice and insulate all wire connections.
CAUTION: Use either the low-level or the high-level inputs on the amplifier.
DO NOT use both input levels at the same time.
-5-
USE THIS INPUT WIRING WITH
OUTPUT WIRING ON PAGE 7
4-CHANNEL AND MIXED-MONO INPUT WIRING DIAGRAM
LOW-LEVEL
RCA OUTPUTS
CAR STEREO
HIGH-LEVEL
(SPEAKER) OUTPUTS
RIGHT REAR RIGHT REAR +
LEFT REAR LEFT REAR +
LEFT REAR
RIGHT FRONT RIGHT FRONT +
LEFT FRONT LEFT FRONT +
LEFT FRONT
RIGHT FRONT
IMPORTANT
2 4 64 2
TO CH1
TO CH2
TO CH3
TO CH4
-6-
GRAY
GRAY w/BLACK STRIPE
53 1 3 5
WHITE
GRAY
4-PIN
CONNECTORS
WHITE w/BLACK STRIPE
RCA TYPE
SHIELDED CABLES
(NOT INCLUDED)
GRAY w/BLACK STRIPE
WHITE
USE EITHER HIGH-LEVEL OR
LOW-LEVEL INPUTS, NOT BOTH.
WHITE w/BLACK STRIPE
RIGHT REAR
USE THIS OUTPUT WIRING WITH
INPUT WIRING ON PAGE 6
4-CHANNEL AND MIXED-MONO OUTPUT WIRING DIAGRAM
LEFT FRONT
SPEAKER
SPEAKER IMPEDANCE
4-CHANNEL MODE : 2-8 OHMS
MIXED-MONO MODE : 4-8 OHMS
LEFT REAR
SPEAKER
RIGHT FRONT
SPEAKER
m
+
m
m
+
m
+
m
RIGHT REAR
SPEAKER
12 VOLT
VEHICLE
BATTERY
m
USE #10 GAUGE
WIRE (SEE TEXT)
CHASSIS
GROUND
EXISTING SCREW OR BOLT
CLEAN PAINT, RUST, DIRT
OR GREASE FROM AREA
FOR GOOD CONNECTION
+
m
m
CONNECT THIS
WIRE LAST
GROUNDED METAL
SECTION OF VEHICLE
m
+ m
m
CH3 / CH4
MIXED-MONO SPEAKER OR
SUB-WOOFER WITH CROSSOVER
4-8 OHMS
+
m
CAR STEREO
7
AUTO-ANTENNA LEAD
CH1 / CH2
MIXED-MONO SPEAKER OR
SUB-WOOFER WITH CROSSOVER
4-8 OHMS
-7-
USE THIS INPUT WIRING WITH
OUTPUT WIRING ON PAGE 9
3-CHANNEL INPUT WIRING DIAGRAM
LOW-LEVEL
RCA OUTPUTS
CAR STEREO
LEFT
RIGHT
HIGH-LEVEL
(SPEAKER) OUTPUTS
RIGHT RIGHT +
LEFT LEFT +
MONO OR SUBWOOFER MONO OR
SUBWOOFER +
MONO OR
SUBWOOFER
IMPORTANT
"Y" CABLE
2 4 64 2
TO CH1
TO CH2
TO CH3
TO CH4
-8-
GRAY
GRAY w/BLACK STRIPE
53 1 3 5
WHITE
4-PIN
CONNECTORS
WHITE w/BLACK STRIPE
GRAY
GRAY w/BLACK STRIPE
RCA TYPE
SHIELDED CABLES
(NOT INCLUDED)
WHITE w/BLACK STRIPE
WHITE
USE EITHER HIGH-LEVEL OR
LOW-LEVEL INPUTS, NOT BOTH.
USE THIS OUTPUT WIRING WITH
INPUT WIRING ON PAGE 8
+
m
LEFT
SPEAKER
2-8 OHMS
(4-8 OHMS IN
MIXED-MONOMODE)
m
3-CHANNEL OUTPUT WIRING DIAGRAM
m
+
m
CONNECT THIS
WIRE LAST
RIGHT
SPEAKER
2-8 OHMS
(4-8 OHMS IN
MIXED-MONOMODE)
m
+
m
MONO
SPEAKER
OR
SUB-WOOFER
4-8 OHMS
12 VOLT
VEHICLE
BATTERY
USE #10 GAUGE
WIRE (SEE TEXT)
CHASSIS
GROUND
EXISTING SCREW OR BOLT
CLEAN PAINT, RUST, DIRT
OR GREASE FROM AREA
FOR GOOD CONNECTION
GROUNDED METAL
SECTION OF VEHICLE
m
+
m
CAR STEREO
7
AUTO-ANTENNA LEAD
CH3 / CH4
MIXED-MONO SPEAKER OR
SUB-WOOFER WITH CROSSOVER
4-8 OHMS
-9-
USE THIS INPUT WIRING WITH
OUTPUT WIRING ON PAGE 11
2-CHANNEL MONO (BRIDGED) INPUT WIRING DIAGRAM
LOW-LEVEL
RCA OUTPUTS
CAR STEREO
HIGH-LEVEL
(SPEAKER) OUTPUTS
LEFT -
LEFT
LEFT +
RIGHT RIGHT +
RIGHT
IMPORTANT
TO CH1
TO CH2
TO CH3
TO CH4
-10-
2 4 64 2
WHITE w/BLACK STRIPE
GRAY w/BLACK STRIPE
53 1 3 5
WHITE
4-PIN
CONNECTORS
GRAY
WHITE w/BLACK STRIPE
"Y" RCA TYPE
SHIELDED CABLES
(NOT SUPPLIED)
GRAY w/BLACK STRIPE
WHITE
GRAY
USE EITHER HIGH OR LOW-LEVEL
INPUTS, NOT BOTH.
USE THIS OUTPUT WIRING WITH INPUT
WIRING ON PAGE 10
LEFT SPEAKER
OR
SUB-WOOFER
4 - 8 OHMS
+
m
m
2-CHANNEL MONO (BRIDGED) OUTPUT WIRING DIAGRAM
CONNECT THIS
WIRE LAST
RIGHT SPEAKER
OR
SUB-WOOFER
4 - 8 OHMS
m
12 VOLT
VEHICLE
BATTERY
+
m
USE #10 GAUGE
WIRE (SEE TEXT)
CHASSIS
GROUND
EXISTING SCREW OR BOLT
CLEAN PAINT, RUST, DIRT
OR GREASE FROM AREA
FOR GOOD CONNECTION
GROUNDED METAL
SECTION OF VEHICLE
CAR STEREO
7
-11-
AUTO-ANTENNA LEAD
OPERATION
After initial set-up, the amplifier should not require any further adjustment unless there is a change in the car stereo
or speaker system with which it is used.
1 Power Indicator
The Power LED functions as a power and warning indicator. The indicator is white when the power to the
amplifier is off. When the indicator is green, the amplifier is operating normally. The LED illuminates red to
indicate that the self-protection circuits have been activated and have shut off operation of the amplifier. The
protection circuits may be triggered by the temperature of the unit rising above a safe level or by an overload
condition. If activated by a rise in temperature, the unit will resume operation after cooling off to a normal
operating range. If activated by an overload condition, the source of the overload must be found and corrected
to resume operation of the amplifier. Most overload conditions are caused by mis-wiring or operation into
incorrect speaker loads. Re-check all wiring and connections if this situation occurs and correct as necessary.
2 Level (Gain) Controls
The amplifier is capable of operating from sources supplying a wide range of input levels. The Level controls
should initially be set to the mid-rotation position. If it is found that there is not enough output even when the
volume control on the car stereo is at its maximum setting, adjust the Level control of the respective channels
to increase the output from the system. If, however, there is still output from the amplifier when the car stereo
volume control is at its minimum setting, or the output level increases too fast with a small rotation of the volume
control, adjust the Level control to decrease the output from the system. Once the correct setting is found, these
controls should not require any further adjustment.
3 Filter Selectors
These switches allow selection of the frequency filters that permit the respective channels of the amplifier to
be used to reproduce the entire audio range, just the bass, or all frequencies above the bass range.
In the "OFF" position of the switch, the response is flat and unaffected so the entire audio frequency range is
-12-
reproduced by the amplifier. Use this setting if the respective amplifier channels are being used to power a full range
speaker system.
In the "LOW PASS" setting, only the bass frequencies below the frequency set by the Crossover Frequency Control
will be amplified and fed to the speakers. Use this setting if the respective amplifier channels are being used to power
a sub-woofer speaker system.
In the "HI-PASS" setting, only the frequencies above the frequency set by the Crossover Frequency Control will be
amplified and fed to the speakers. Use this setting if the respective amplifier channels are being used to power the
full-range speakers in a system that also has separate sub-woofer(s).
4 Crossover Frequency Controls
These Controls select the crossover frequency when the Filter Selector is in the "LOW-PASS" or "HI-PASS" settings.
Adjust them to the appropriate position for the characteristics and crossover frequency requirements of the speaker
system with which the respective channels of the amplifier are being used.
5 Bass Boost Switches
These switches are used to accentuate the bass frequencies by adding +12 dB or +18 dB of boost to the signal
(at 45 Hz.) on the respective channels.
6 Remote Subwoofer Level Control Input
This connector permits the amplifier to be used with an optional Remote Control Unit PAB-RC. The PAB-RC control
unit allows for adjustment of the bass boost gain level from the passenger compartment.
7 Fuses
The circuitry of the amplifier is protected from damage by automotive-type fast-blow fuses. If fuse replacement is
necessary, use only fuses of the same ampere rating as originally supplied with the unit. The use of fuses with
incorrect ratings may cause serious damage to the amplifier. If fuses blow consistently, carefully check all electrical
connections to the unit.
-13-
12 / 24 MONTH LIMITED WARRANTY
Applies to automotive radios, radio/tape players, radio/CD players,
CD changers, power amplifiers, equalizers and accessories.
AUDIOVOX CORPORATION (the Company) warrants to the original retail purchaser of this product that should this product or any part thereof,
under normal use and conditions, be proven defective in material or workmanship within 12 months from the date of original purchase, such
defect(s) will be repaired or replaced with new or reconditioned product (at the Company's option) without charge for parts and repair labor.
To obtain repair or replacement within the terms of this Warranty, the product is to be delivered with proof of warranty coverage (e.g. dated bill
of sale), specification of defect(s), transportation prepaid, to an approved warranty station or the Company at the address shown below.
The warranty period will be extended to 24 months from the date of original purchase if the product is installed by an authorized Prestige Audio
dealer. To claim warranty service during this extended period, the bill of sale must specify that the product was installed by an authorized Prestige
Audio dealer.
This Warranty does not extend to the elimination of externally generated static or noise, to correction of antenna problems, to costs incurred
for installation, removal or reinstallation of the product, or to damage to tapes, compact discs, speakers, accessories, or vehicle electrical
systems.
This Warranty does not apply to any product or part thereof which, in the opinion of the Company, has suffered or been damaged through
alteration, improper installation, mishandling, misuse, neglect, accident, or by removal or defacement of the factory serial number/bar code
label(s). THE EXTENT OF THE COMPANY'S LIABILITY UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS LIMITED TO THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT
PROVIDED ABOVE AND, IN NO EVENT, SHALL THE COMPANY'S LIABILITY EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE PAID BY PURCHASER
FOR THE PRODUCT.
This Warranty is in lieu of all other express warranties or liabilities. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY, SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THIS WRITTEN WARRANTY. ANY ACTION FOR BREACH OF ANY
WARRANTY HEREUNDER INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY MUST BE BROUGHT WITHIN A PERIOD OF
30 MONTHS FROM DATE OF ORIGINAL PURCHASE. IN NO CASE SHALL THE COMPANY BE LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL OR
INCIDENTAL DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF THIS OR ANY OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WHATSOEVER. No person or
representative is authorized to assume for the Company any liability other than expressed herein in connection with the sale of this product.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts or the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damage
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights
which vary from state to state.
U.S.A. : AUDIOVOX CORPORATION, 150 MARCUS BLVD., HAUPPAUGE, NEW YORK 11788 l 1-800-645-4994
CANADA : CALL 1-800-645-4994 FOR LOCATION OF WARRANTY STATION SERVING YOUR AREA
128-5543
© 2000 Audiovox Corp., Hauppauge, N.Y.
Printed in Korea
128-5718