BENDIX BW2499 User's Manual

ABS Operator’s Manual
Bendix Antilock Brake Systems
®
With optional advanced
antilock braking features:
• Automatic Traction Control (ATC)
and
®
• RSP Roll Stability System
Read, understand and follow the information in
this manual, particularly the Important Safety
Information about ABS (page 4) and RSP (page 7).
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INDEX
Antilock Brake System (ABS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Important Safety Information About ABS . . . . . 5
Automatic Traction Control (ATC) . . . . . . . . . . 6
RSP® Roll Stability System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Important Safety Information About RSP . . . . . 8
ABS Indicator Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Sources For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
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UNDERSTANDING
BENDIX® ANTILOCK BRAKING SYSTEMS (ABS) FOR
AIR BRAKED VEHICLES
What Is ABS?
ABS is an electronic control system that improves vehicle stability and steerability
by preventing wheel lock during braking.
How Does ABS Work?
The ABS system monitors wheel rotation, and if it detects any wheel locking up,
the system automatically reduces the brake pressure at that wheel. If necessary,
the ABS system automatically modulates braking forces at one or more of the
wheel ends. The system maintains lateral stability by preventing wheel lock
during braking.
What is the optional ABS Off-Road Mode?
This is an optional ABS feature operated by a dash-mounted switch for use
when operating your vehicle “off-road” on soft surfaces. Below 25 mph, this
feature improves ABS performance under off-road operating conditions. If
your vehicle is equipped with this feature, toggle the switch to the “ABS offroad” position when operating on soft surfaces. Always remember to turn the
ABS off-road feature off when driving on a firm road surface. A new ignition
cycle, or a second depression of the Off-road switch, will turn this function off
and restore normal ABS functionality and (if installed) full RSP functionality.
For more details on optional ATC and RSP features, see pages 6 and 7 of this
manual.
WARNING! The ABS Off-Road mode should not be used on normal,
paved road surfaces because vehicle stability and steerability may
be reduced. The ABS indicator lamp will flash slowly to indicate to the driver
that the ABS off-road mode is engaged.
CAUTION: When the ABS Off-Road mode is engaged, stability functions are
disabled at speeds below 25 mph. The ATC/RSP Indicator lamp will illuminate
to indicate that the RSP stability system function is disabled.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT
BENDIX® ANTILOCK BRAKING SYSTEMS (ABS)
Braking With ABS
• Do not pump your brakes. Use steady, even brake applications. Apply
the brake pedal with the same pressure as you would without ABS. If you are
towing a vehicle that is not equipped with ABS, you may need to adjust your
braking applications in some instances. See below.
• Do not attempt to modulate your brake applications to prevent
wheel lock. The system controls braking pressure automatically and
independently at each wheel end.
Limitations Of ABS
• ABS does not apply the brakes automatically. It’s still up to you to
apply the brakes at the right time and with the right amount of pedal force. A
basic ABS system only starts to do its job after you apply the brake pedal.
Note: The optional RSP® roll stability system can automatically reduce
the throttle and apply the brakes to maintain vehicle stability. See page 7.
• ABS is not a substitute for safe driving. Even with ABS, you must remain
alert, react appropriately and in a timely manner, and drive defensively. Don’t
take unnecessary risks. Cautious driving practices, such as maintaining an
adequate distance away from the vehicle ahead, not speeding, anticipating
obstacles and adjusting your vehicle’s speed for traffic, weather and road
conditions, are essential for safe operation.
Towed Vehicles Without ABS
Some towed vehicles, especially older trailers built before 2001, may not be
equipped with their own ABS systems. Use extra care when towing a
vehicle that is not equipped with its own ABS system. During emergency
braking or braking on slippery surfaces, a non-ABS equipped trailer could lose
its lateral stability and swing out if its wheels lock up. Use your mirrors to
watch carefully and adjust your brake applications as necessary to keep your
tractor and the non-ABS equipped towed vehicle in line with each other. Tractor
ABS helps reduce the tendency to jackknife, but it cannot prevent a non-ABS
equipped trailer from swinging out.
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UNDERSTANDING AUTOMATIC TRACTION CONTROL (ATC)
What is ATC?
ATC is an optional feature for Bendix® ABS-equipped vehicles. ATC controls
wheel spin during vehicle acceleration.
• The ATC system will intervene automatically and apply braking pressure to
a spinning wheel transferring engine power to other drive wheels that have
better traction. This feature is active only at speeds below 25 mph.
• If all of the drive wheels begin to spin, the ATC system will reduce engine
throttle to improve traction at all of the drive wheels.
How Do I Operate A Vehicle With ATC?
If drive wheels begin to lose traction during acceleration, ATC will engage
automatically to assist the driver in accelerating the vehicle. The ATC/RSP
lamp will flash rapidly to let you know whenever ATC is actively functioning.
Note: For vehicles equipped with an interaxle differential lock switch, you
should consult the vehicle Operator’s Manual for additional information about
that feature. Typically, the driver is advised to stop the wheels from spinning
and engage the interaxle differential lock switch, but you should always follow
the specific instructions given in your vehicle’s Operator’s Manual for this
feature and your vehicle’s particular configuration.
What Is The Optional Deep Mud/Snow Switch?
This is an optional ATC feature operated by a dash-mounted switch. This
function allows greater engine power and more wheel spin during ATC operation.
On vehicles equipped with this feature, toggle the switch to the “Mud/Snow”
position when operating on soft road surfaces. The ATC lamp will flash slowly
to remind you that this function has been selected, and will flash rapidly whenever
the ATC system is actually operating in the Mud/Snow mode. Always remember
to turn the Mud/Snow feature off when driving on a firm road surface. A new
ignition cycle, or a second depression of the Mud/Snow switch, will turn this
function off.
What is Bendix® Smart ATC™?
Bendix® Smart ATC™ traction control monitors the accelerator pedal position
to help provide optimum traction and vehicle stability. By determining the
driver’s throttle input and adapting the drive wheel behavior to the driving
situation, the Smart ATC™ traction control allows higher wheel slip when the
accelerator pedal is applied above a preset level. In addition, the wheel slip
allowed by Smart ATC™ is decreased when driving through a curve for improved
stability.
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UNDERSTANDING THE RSP® ROLL STABILITY SYSTEM
What Is RSP?
RSP roll stability system is an optional stability feature for Bendix® ABS equipped
vehicles that reduces the risk of rollovers.
How Does RSP Improve Vehicle Roll Stability?
The RSP system counteracts the tendency of a vehicle, or vehicle combination,
to tip over while changing direction (typically, while turning). The lateral forces
during a turn can push a truck or tractor-trailer horizontally and, if the friction
between the tires and the road is sufficient, the vehicle may begin to tip and
potentially could roll over.
To reduce the risk of rollover, the RSP system detects potential rollover conditions
and slows the vehicle both by reducing engine throttle (and hence, engine
torque) and by applying the tractor and trailer service brakes as needed.
WARNING! During an RSP system intervention, the vehicle automatically
decelerates. The RSP system can slow the vehicle with or without you
applying the brake pedal, and even when you are applying the throttle.
During an RSP system intervention, you can always use your service brake
pedal to increase the braking pressure that will be applied. However, if you
were to apply less braking pressure than needed — or even if you release the
brake pedal entirely during an RSP intervention — the RSP system will continue
to apply the necessary amount of braking pressure automatically to the
appropriate wheels to mitigate a potential rollover.
A Real World Example Of
How RSP Operates:
Excessive speed for road conditions
creates forces that exceed the
threshold at which a vehicle is likely
to rollover on a higher-friction
surface.
RSP automatically reduces engine
torque and applies the service brakes
(based on the projected rollover risk)
to reduce the vehicle speed, thereby
reducing the tendency to roll over.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT THE BENDIX®
RSP® ROLL STABILITY SYSTEM
RSP May Reduce Your Speed Automatically
The RSP system can make your vehicle decelerate automatically. RSP can
slow the vehicle with or without you applying the brake, and even when
you are applying the throttle.
To minimize unexpected deceleration and reduce the risk of a collision:
• Avoid aggressive driving maneuvers, such as sharp turns or abrupt lane
changes at high speeds, which might trigger the stability system.
• Always operate your vehicle safely, drive defensively, anticipate obstacles and
pay attention to road, weather and traffic conditions. ABS, ATC and RSP
stability systems are no substitute for prudent, careful driving.
Towing Doubles Or Triples May Greatly Reduce The Effectiveness
Of The Stability System
The RSP system is designed and optimized for trucks and for tractors that tow
single trailers. If a tractor equipped with the RSP system is used to power
multiple trailer combinations (known as “doubles” or “triples”) the
effectiveness of the RSP system may be greatly reduced or eliminated.
Extremely careful driving is always required when towing doubles or triples.
Avoid excessive speed and aggressive maneuvers, such as sharp turns, sudden
steering inputs or abrupt lane changes.
Limitations Of The Roll Stability System
Your RSP roll stability system’s effectiveness may be greatly reduced if:
• Your load shifts due to improper retention, accident damage or the inherently
mobile nature of some loads (for example, hanging meat, live animals or
partially laden tankers),
• Your vehicle or load has an unusually high or off-set center of gravity (CG),
• One side of your vehicle drops off the pavement at an angle that is too great
to be counteracted by a reduction in speed, or
• Your vehicle is used to haul double or triple trailer combinations.
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To Maximize The Effectiveness Of RSP:
• Make sure that the weight of your load is evenly distributed, front to back
and side to side, and is properly secured at all times.
• Exercise extreme caution at all times while driving, and avoid sharp turns,
sudden steering inputs or abrupt lane changes at high speeds, particularly if:
›
you haul loads that could shift,
›
your vehicle or load has a high or off-set center of gravity (CG)
when loaded, or
you are towing doubles or triples.
›
Truck Chassis Modifications
The RSP system was specifically calibrated and validated only for your vehicle’s
original configuration. If your vehicle’s chassis components are altered (for
example, a wheel base extension or reduction, tag axle addition or removal, a
major body change such as conversion of a tractor into a truck, or an axle,
suspension, or steering system component modification) the Bendix® RSP system
must be disabled at the same time by a qualified mechanic. If a modified
vehicle does not have the RSP system disabled, serious vehicle braking and
performance issues could result, including unnecessary ABS interventions. See
your Vehicle’s Owner’s Manual or Bendix Service Data Sheet SD-13-4869 for
additional important information about configuration criteria.
Steering Angle Sensor Re-Calibration
Whenever maintenance or repair work is performed to the steering mechanism,
linkage, steering gear, adjustment of the wheel track, or if the steering angle
sensor is replaced, a recalibration of the Steering Angle Sensor must be
performed. If the Steering Angle Sensor is not recalibrated, the RSP Stability
System effectiveness may be reduced.
See page 12 for sources of additional information.
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UNDERSTANDING YOUR ABS INDICATOR LAMPS
ABS
TRLR
ATC / RSP
ABS Indicator Lamp
An amber ABS Indicator Lamp is typically located on the dashboard.
• At each vehicle ignition your ABS indicator lamp should illuminate as a bulb
check for approximately three seconds and then turn off. If the lamp
does not illuminate at ignition, you should have the vehicle
serviced by a qualified mechanic as soon as possible. Note: without
a functioning indicator lamp, you may not be able to determine the ABS
status without using an external diagnostic tool.
• If the indicator lamp remains on for more than three seconds after ignition,
or if it illuminates as you are driving, the ABS system may not be fully
functional or its operation may be affected by a short or power interruption.
If this happens, your vehicle will still have normal service braking and it still
can be driven, although without the benefits of ABS. Have the vehicle
serviced by a qualified mechanic as soon as possible to restore
full ABS functionality.
• The ABS lamp is also used to indicate the optional off-road ABS mode. The
lamp will flash continually when the vehicle is operating in the off-road
mode. (Note: When the ABS Off-Road mode is engaged, stability functions
are disabled at speeds below 25 mph. The ATC/RSP Indicator lamp will
illuminate to indicate that the stability systems are disabled.) See page 13 of
this manual for additional sources of information about the ABS off-road
operating mode.
Trailer ABS Indicator Lamp
The Trailer ABS Indicator Lamp is also dash-mounted.
• All trailers built since March, 2001 are able to communicate with the towing
vehicle and to operate the trailer ABS indicator lamp on the towing vehicle’s
dash. The trailer ABS indicator lamp functions just like the tractor ABS
indicator lamp (on for three seconds after each vehicle ignition, then off
unless a problem develops with the trailer ABS during operation). The
dash-mounted Trailer ABS Indicator Lamp is in addition to a Trailer ABS
Indicator Lamp that is mounted on the side of the trailer itself.
(Continued . . .)
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ATC/RSP Indicator Lamp (Optional)
If your vehicle is also equipped with the optional ABS features, ATC or RSP, a
third indicator lamp will be installed on the dash. (The same lamp is also used
to indicate the ATC “Mud/Snow” mode.)
• Your ATC/RSP indicator lamp will illuminate for approximately two and a
half seconds (during the bulb check at vehicle ignition) and then turn off.
• The ATC/RSP indicator lamp also flashes continually (at different speeds) to
show that the off-road mode is being used, or during an ATC or RSP
intervention event. See page 12 for sources of additional information.
• If your vehicle is operating in the ABS off-road mode (an optional feature),
the ATC/RSP indicator lamp will illuminate and remain on to remind you
that the RSP function is disabled during operation in off-road mode.
• If the ATC/RSP indicator lamp does not illuminate at ignition, or if it remains
on steadily (not flashing) after ignition, or if it illuminates steadily (not flashing)
while you are driving (except in off-road mode), the ATC or RSP system may
not be fully functional or their operation may be affected by a short or
power interruption. If this happens, your vehicle will still have normal service
braking and it still can be driven, although without the benefits of ATC or
RSP. Have the vehicle serviced by a qualified mechanic as soon as
possible to restore full ATC/RSP functionality.
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SOURCES FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT
YOUR BENDIX® ABS SYSTEM
Consult the vehicle manufacturer’s documentation or
visit www.bendix.com to download these publications for free
Order This Service Data Literature:
SD-13-4863 Standard and Premium EC-60™ ABS . . . . BW2428
SD-13-4869 Advanced EC-60™ ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BW2429
BW2499 © 2005 Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC, All Rights Reserved. 6/05. Printed in USA.
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