BENDIX TCH-013-023 User's Manual

­­­Technical Bulletin
Bulletin No: TCH-013-023
Subject:
Effective Date: February 19, 2013
Page: 1 of 2
Bendix® ESP® Electronic Stability System Event Counters
Bendix® ESP® consists of two systems:
• Roll Stability Program (RSP) to help mitigate vehicle
rollover events, which typically occur on a dry road
surface; and
• Yaw Control to address loss of stability events due
to vehicle spin, which can occur on a slippery road
surface, such as wet asphalt, ice, snow, etc.
See Figures 1 and 2 (on page 2) for more information.
The Bendix ® ESP ® electronic stability system
continuously monitors a variety of vehicle parameters
and sensors to determine if the vehicle is reaching a
critical stability threshold. If such a situation develops,
the system will quickly, and automatically intervene to
assist the driver.
The system can apply tractor and trailer brakes
selectively, as well as de-throttle the engine
automatically (without operator intervention).
The driver is always responsible for the control
and safe operation of the vehicle at all times.
The Bendix ESP stability system does not
replace the need for a skilled, alert professional
driver, reacting appropriately and in a timely
manner, and using safe driving practices.
Level
Cancels: TCH-013-016
Rollover Interventions
The Bendix ESP system uses information from the
sensors on the vehicle to detect that a risk of a rollover
is present. Where the conditions make a rollover likely,
the system will automatically reduce the engine throttle,
and if necessary, apply all vehicle brakes — steer axle,
drive axles(s) and trailer — to slow the vehicle.
Loss-of-Control Interventions
When the Bendix ESP system determines that the
actual vehicle path is deviating from the driver’s
intended path, the system will automatically reduce the
engine throttle, and if necessary, apply one or more
individual brakes to provide optimal vehicle control.
Stability Event Counters
The Bendix ESP stability system ECU contains event
counters for both rollover and yaw interventions, which
can be accessed using Bendix® ACom® Diagnostic
software (version 5.4 and later). See the Chart below.
By using the ACom Diagnostics, the technician is able
to display a page that shows counters that indicate
the number of system interventions. The intervention
levels recorded indicate the amount of work performed
by the system which is, in part, determined by both the
Roll System Action
Yaw System Actions
(When the system detects that the vehicle is
starting to have a risk of roll-over.)
(When the system detects that the
vehicle is unstable.)
1
Light system application (typically de-throttle only).
(The driver may not notice this action.)
The system intervenes to de-throttle.
2
The system intervenes to moderately apply the
brakes. (The driver may, or may not, notice.)
The system intervenes to de-throttle and/or apply the
brakes.
3
The system intervenes to moderately apply the
brakes.
The system intervenes to apply the moderately apply
the brakes.
4
The system intervenes significantly, but not all the
braking power available to the ESP system is applied.
Significant braking intervention, but not all the braking
power available to the ESP system is applied.
5
The system intervenes to apply the maximum braking
available to the ESP system to try to prevent a
rollover.
The maximum braking available to the ESP system is
applied to try to mitigate a loss-of-control.
Notes:
• Some vehicle types are typically at greater risk of rollovers/loss-of-control events, including loads with a higher
center‑of‑gravity; sloshing or swinging cargo. Rollovers can potentially occur at low speeds with vehicles of those types.
• An intervention at any level has the potential of helping to mitigate a rollover/loss-of-control event.
• Many factors can vary the interventions for vehicles with similar vehicle spec’s: the vehicle’s mass, vocation, route(s); the
load distribution; the lateral acceleration; the yaw rate detected; the driver’s speed and steering actions.
• Optimal vehicle braking requires properly maintained foundation brakes which meet appropriate safety standards and
regulations. In addition, the vehicle should be equipped with properly sized and inflated tires, with a safe tread depth.
Bulletin No: TCH-013-023
Effective Date: February 19, 2013
Cancels: N/A
Page: 2 of 2
magnitude and the length of time of the intervention. A Level One intervention represents the lowest amount of
work, and a Level Five intervention the highest.
In other words, an event of a certain duration, with a given amount of brake force applied by the system, may be
classified at the same intervention level as an event consisting of a shorter duration with a larger applied brake
force, or an intervention with less applied brake force, but of longer duration.
Evaluating Stability Event Counters
While the counters indicate the amount of work performed by the system, many factors must be considered
when attempting to evaluate the data. These include:
•
A vehicle with poorly adjusted brakes may display higher intervention levels than a vehicle with properly
adjusted brakes.
•
Route, terrain, traffic and weather conditions may all affect the number of interventions logged.
• Mis-installed sensors, and/or incorrectly configured ECUs can cause higher counter values,
Attempts to use the raw data from stability event counters to evaluate situations, vehicles and drivers must be
approached with care. In all situations, the stability event counter should only be viewed as an indicator, and is
not, by itself, a vehicle or driver performance evaluation tool.
A Real World Example
of How The RSP
System Operates:
Excessive speed for road
conditions creates forces
that exceed the threshold
at which a vehicle is likely
to rollover on a higherfriction surface.
The system automatically reduces
engine torque and applies the
service brakes (based on the
projected rollover risk) to reduce
the vehicle speed, thereby
reducing the tendency to roll over.
FIGURE 1 - RSP EXAMPLE
A Real World Example of How Yaw Control
Operates:
Excessive speed exceeds the threshold, creating a
situation where a vehicle is likely to spin and jackknife.
The Bendix® Yaw Control system reduces engine throttle
and selectively applies brakes to reduce the tendency
to jackknife.
FIGURE 2 - YAW CONTROL EXAMPLE
The Importance of Antilock Braking System (ABS) Maintenance
Optimal Bendix® Wingman® Advanced™ system braking requires a properly maintained ABS system, without any active
ABS Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs). Have active DTCs repaired by a qualified technician. Any ABS DTCs will cause
Wingman Advanced to deactivate.
CAUTION
Even with ESP-equipped vehicles, the driver remains responsible for ensuring vehicle stability during operation. The ESP
system can only function within the limits of physics. ESP functionality mitigates potential vehicle stability incidents, but
cannot prevent them in all cases. Other factors such as driving too fast for road, traffic or weather conditions, oversteering,
an excessively high vehicle Center of Gravity (CG), or poor road conditions can cause vehicle instability that is beyond
the capability of any stability system to mitigate. In addition, the effectiveness of ESP can be greatly reduced on vehicles
towing multiple trailer combinations. For more information, contact your local Bendix representative or the Bendix Technical
Assistance Team at 1‑800‑AIR‑BRAKE (1-800-247‑2725).
Reference: Bendix® EC-60™ ABS/ATC/ESP Controllers (Advanced Models) — order SD-13-4869 (BW2429)
Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics PC software — order BW2329 (Free downloads available on www.bendix.com)
ESP® is a registered trademark of Daimler and is used by Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC under license.
©2013 Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC, a member of the Knorr-Bremse Group. 2/13. All Rights Reserved.