Craftsman CanOBD Diagnostic Tool Owner's Manual

Table of Contents
i
INTRODUCTION
WHAT IS OBD? ........................................................................
1
YOU CAN DO IT! ..............................................................................
2
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
SAFETY FIRST! ........................................................................
3
ABOUT THE DIAGNOSTIC TOOL
VEHICLES COVERED .............................................................
BATTERY REPLACEMENT .....................................................
5
6
DIAGNOSTIC TOOL CONTROLS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS .............................................
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS ............................................................
7
9
ONBOARD DIAGNOSTICS
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS .........................................
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) ..............................
OBD2 MONITORS ....................................................................
11
16
19
PREPARATION FOR TESTING
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET .........
BEFORE YOU BEGIN ..............................................................
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS ...............................................
28
31
32
USING THE DIAGNOSTIC TOOL
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE ..........................................
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs ..................................................
VIEWING ABS DTCs ...............................................................
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) ..............
ABOUT REPAIRSOLUTIONS® ...............................................
I/M READINESS TESTING ......................................................
33
39
47
49
50
51
ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
PERFORMING A SYSTEM VOLTAGE CHECK ......................
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION .......................................
USING THE DTC LIBRARY .....................................................
VIEWING THE FIRMWARE VERSION ....................................
ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS ...........................................
VIEWING DTCs IN THE TOOL’S MEMORY ...........................
57
58
60
62
62
65
GENERIC (GLOBAL) OBD2 PID LIST ............................................
66
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS - ABS
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS – MAKES COVERED ...................
71
GLOSSARY
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ...................
72
72
WARRANTY AND SERVICING
CRAFTSMAN TWO YEAR FULL WARRANTY .......................
REPLACEMENT PARTS .........................................................
77
77
Craftsman 87702
Introduction
WHAT IS OBD?
WHAT IS OBD?
The Enhanced CanOBD2 Diagnostic Tool is designed to work on
all OBD2 compliant vehicles. All 1996 and newer vehicles (cars,
light trucks and SUVs) sold in the United States are OBD2
compliant.
One of the most exciting improvements in the
automobile industry was the addition of onboard diagnostics (OBD) on vehicles, or in more
basic terms, the computer that activates the
vehicle’s “CHECK ENGINE” light. OBD1 was
designed to monitor manufacturer-specific
systems on vehicles built from 1981 to 1995.
Then came the development of OBD2, which is
on all 1996 and newer vehicles sold in the U.S. Like its predecessor,
OBD2 was adopted as part of a government mandate to lower vehicle
emissions. But what makes OBD2 unique is its universal application for
all late model cars and trucks - domestic and import. This sophisticated
program in the vehicle’s main computer system is designed to detect
failures in a range of systems, and can be accessed through a universal
OBD2 port, which is usually found under the dashboard. For all OBD
systems, if a problem is found, the computer turns on the “CHECK
ENGINE” light to warn the driver, and sets a Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC) to identify where the problem occurred. A special diagnostic tool,
such as the Enhanced CanOBD2 Diagnostic Tool, is required to retrieve
these codes, which consumers and professionals use as a starting point
for repairs.
The Enhanced CanOBD2 Diagnostic Tool provides the additional ability
to retrieve enhanced DTCs from most Chrysler/Jeep, Ford/Mazda,
GM/Isuzu, Honda/Acura and Toyota/Lexus vehicles, as well as AntiLock Brake System (ABS) DTCs and vehicle information. The types of
enhanced data available depends on the vehicle make.
To learn more about vehicle Computer Control Systems and
OBD2, see COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS on page 15.
Craftsman 87702
1
You Can Do It!
EASY TO USE - EASY TO VIEW - EASY TO DEFINE
Easy To Use . . . .
„
Connect the Diagnostic Tool to the
vehicle’s test connector.
„
Turn the ignition key "On.”
„
The Diagnostic Tool automatically links
to the vehicle’s computer.
Easy To View . . . .
„
The Diagnostic Tool retrieves stored
codes, Freeze Frame data and System
Status.
„
Codes, I/M Monitor Status and Freeze
Frame data are displayed on the
Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display screen.
System Status is indicated by LED
indicators.
Easy To Define . . . .
2
„
Read code definitions from the Diagnostic
Tool’s LCD display.
„
View Freeze Frame data.
Craftsman 87702
Safety Precautions
SAFETY FIRST!
SAFETY FIRST!
To avoid personal injury, instrument damage and/or
damage to your vehicle; do not use the OBD2 Diagnostic
Tool before reading this manual.
This manual describes common test procedures used
by experienced service technicians. Many test procedures
require precautions to avoid accidents that can result in
personal injury, and/or damage to your vehicle or test
equipment. Always read your vehicle's service manual and
follow its safety precautions before and during any test or
service procedure. ALWAYS observe the following general
safety precautions:
When an engine is running, it produces carbon monoxide,
a toxic and poisonous gas. To prevent serious injury or
death from carbon monoxide poisoning, operate the
vehicle ONLY in a well-ventilated area.
To protect your eyes from propelled objects as well as hot
or caustic liquids, always wear approved safety eye
protection.
When an engine is running, many parts (such as the
coolant fan, pulleys, fan belt etc.) turn at high speed. To
avoid serious injury, always be aware of moving parts.
Keep a safe distance from these parts as well as other
potentially moving objects.
Engine parts become very hot when the engine is running.
To prevent severe burns, avoid contact with hot engine
parts.
P RND L
Before starting an engine for testing or troubleshooting,
make sure the parking brake is engaged. Put the
transmission in park (for automatic transmission) or
neutral (for manual transmission). Block the drive wheels
with suitable blocks.
Connecting or disconnecting test equipment when the
ignition is ON can damage test equipment and the
vehicle's electronic components. Turn the ignition OFF
before connecting the Diagnostic Tool to or disconnecting
the Diagnostic Tool from the vehicle’s Data Link Connector
(DLC).
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Safety Precautions
SAFETY FIRST!
To prevent damage to the on-board computer when taking
vehicle electrical measurements, always use a digital
multimeter with at least 10 MegOhms of impedance.
Fuel and battery vapors are highly flammable. To prevent
an explosion, keep all sparks, heated items and open
flames away from the battery and fuel / fuel vapors. DO
NOT SMOKE NEAR THE VEHICLE DURING TESTING.
Don't wear loose clothing or jewelry when working on an
engine. Loose clothing can become caught in the fan,
pulleys, belts, etc. Jewelry is highly conductive, and can
cause a severe burn if it makes contact between a power
source and ground.
4
Craftsman 87702
About the Diagnostic Tool
VEHICLES COVERED
VEHICLES COVERED
The Enhanced CanOBD2 Diagnostic Tool is designed to work on all
OBD2 compliant vehicles. All 1996 and newer vehicles (cars and light
trucks) sold in the United States are OBD2 compliant.
Federal law requires that all 1996 and newer cars and light
trucks sold in the United States must be OBD2 compliant; this
includes all Domestic, Asian and European vehicles.
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles are OBD2 compliant. To find out if a
1994 or 1995 vehicle is OBD2 compliant, check the following:
1. The Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) Label. This
label is located under the hood or by the radiator of most vehicles. If
the vehicle is OBD2 compliant, the label will state “OBD II
Certified.”
VEHICLE EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY
DISPLACEMENT
VEHICLE
MANUFACTURER
EFN2.6YBT2BA
2.6L
OBD II
CERTIFIED
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO U.S. EPA AND STATE
OF CALIFORNIA REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO
1999 MODEL YEAR NEW TLEV PASSENGER CARS.
REFER TO SERVICE MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
TUNE-UP CONDITIONS: NORMAL OPERATING ENGINE TEMPERATURE,
ACCESSORIES OFF, COOLING FAN OFF, TRANSMISSION IN NEUTRAL
EXHAUST EMISSIONS STANDARDS
CERTIFICATION
IN-USE
SPARK PLUG
TYPE NGK BPRE-11
GAP: 1.1MM
OBD II
CERTIFIED
STANDARD CATEGORY
TLEV
TLEV INTERMEDIATE
CATALYST
2. Government Regulations require that all
OBD2 compliant vehicles must have a
“common”
sixteen-pin
Data
Link
Connector (DLC).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10111213141516
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles have 16-pin connectors but are
not OBD2 compliant. Only those vehicles with a Vehicle
Emissions Control Label stating “OBD II Certified” are OBD2
compliant.
Data Link Connector (DLC) Location
The 16-pin DLC is usually
located under the instrument
panel (dash), within 12 inches
(300 mm) of center of the panel,
on the driver’s side of most
vehicles. It should be easily
accessible and visible from a
kneeling position outside the
vehicle with the door open.
Craftsman 87702
LEFT CORNER
OF DASH
NEAR
CENTER
OF DASH
BEHIND
ASHTRAY
5
About the Diagnostic Tool
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
On some Asian and European vehicles the DLC is located
behind the “ashtray” (the ashtray must be removed to access it)
or on the far left corner of the dash. If the DLC cannot be
located, consult the vehicle’s service manual for the location.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
Replace batteries when the battery symbol
is visible on display
and/or the 3 LEDS are all lit and no other data is visible on screen.
1. Locate the battery cover on the back of the Diagnostic Tool.
2. Slide the battery cover off (use your fingers).
3. Replace batteries with two AA-size batteries (for longer life, use
Alkaline-type batteries).
4. Reinstall the battery cover on the back of the Diagnostic Tool.
Adjustments After Battery Installation
The first time the unit is turned on, you must select the desired display
language (English, French or Spanish) and unit of measurement (USA
or Metric) as follows:
1. Press the POWER/LINK
button to
turn the Diagnostic Tool “ON.”
„
The Select
displays.
Language
screen
2. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
the desired display language.
3. When the desired display language is
button to
selected, press the ENTER
confirm your selection.
„
The Select Unit screen displays.
button to highlight
4. Use the DOWN
the desired unit of measurement.
5. When the desired unit of measurement is selected, press the
button to confirm your selection.
ENTER
After the initial language and unit of measurement selections
are performed, these, as well as other settings, can be
changed as desired. Proceed to “ADJUSTMENTS AND
SETTINGS” on page 60 for further instructions.
6
Craftsman 87702
Diagnostic Tool Controls
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
Figure 1. Controls and Indicators
See Figure 1 for the locations of items 1 through 12, below.
1.
ERASE button - Erases Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs),
and “Freeze Frame” data from your vehicle’s computer, and resets
Monitor status.
2.
ENTER button - When in Menu mode, confirms the selected
option or value.
3.
DTC button - Displays the DTC View screen and/or scrolls the
LCD display to view DTCs.
4.
POWER/LINK button - When the Diagnostic Tool IS NOT
connected to a vehicle, turns the Diagnostic Tool “On” and “Off”.
When the Diagnostic Tool is connected to a vehicle, links the
Diagnostic Tool to the vehicle’s PCM to retrieve diagnostic data from
the computer’s memory.
To turn the Diagnostic Tool "On", you must press and hold the
POWER/LINK
button for approximately 3 seconds.
5.
ABS button - When pressed, displays the ABS DTCs menu.
6.
M button – When pressed while linked to a vehicle, displays the
“Main Menu.”
Craftsman 87702
7
Diagnostic Tool Controls
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
7.
DOWN button - When in MENU mode, scrolls DOWN through
the menu and submenu selection options. When retrieving and
viewing DTCs, scrolls down through the current display screen to
display any additional data.
8. GREEN LED - Indicates that all engine systems are running
normally (all Monitors on the vehicle are active and performing their
diagnostic testing, and no DTCs are present).
9. YELLOW LED - Indicates there is a possible problem. A “Pending”
DTC is present and/or some of the vehicle’s emission monitors have
not run their diagnostic testing.
10. RED LED - Indicates there is a problem in one or more of the
vehicle’s systems. The red LED is also used to show that DTC(s)
are present. DTCs are shown on the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display.
In this case, the Malfunction Indicator (“Check Engine”) lamp on the
vehicle’s instrument panel will light steady on.
11. LCD Display - Displays settings Menu and submenus, test results,
Diagnostic Tool functions and Monitor status information. See
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS, on next page, for more details.
12. CABLE - Connects the Diagnostic Tool to the vehicle’s Data Link
Connector (DLC).
8
Craftsman 87702
Diagnostic Tool Controls
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
Figure 2. Display Functions
See Figure 2 for the locations of items 1 through 14, below.
1. I/M MONITOR STATUS field - Identifies the I/M Monitor status area.
2. Monitor icons - Indicate which Monitors are supported by the
vehicle under test, and whether or not the associated Monitor has
run its diagnostic testing (Monitor status). When a Monitor icon is
solid, it indicates that the associated Monitor has completed its
diagnostic testing. When a Monitor icon is flashing, it indicates that
the vehicle supports the associated Monitor, but the Monitor has not
yet run its diagnostic testing.
3.
Vehicle icon - Indicates whether or not the Diagnostic Tool is
being properly powered through the vehicle’s Data Link Connector
(DLC). A visible icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
4.
Link icon - Indicates whether or not the Diagnostic Tool is
communicating (linked) with the vehicle’s on-board computer. When
visible, the Diagnostic Tool is communicating with the computer. If
the Link icon is not visible, the Diagnostic Tool is not communicating
with the computer.
5.
Computer icon - When this icon is visible it indicates that the
Diagnostic Tool is linked to a personal computer. Optional software
is available that makes it possible to upload retrieved data to a
personal computer.
6.
Diagnostic Tool Internal Battery icon - When visible, indicates
the Diagnostic Tool batteries are “low” and should be replaced. If the
batteries are not replaced when the battery symbol is "on", all 3
LEDs will light up as a last resort indicator to warn you that the
batteries need replacement. No data will be displayed on screen
when all 3 LEDs are lit.
Craftsman 87702
9
Diagnostic Tool Controls
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
7. DTC Display Area - Displays the Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
number. Each fault is assigned a code number that is specific to that
fault.
8. Test Data Display Area - Displays DTC definitions, Freeze Frame
data, and other pertinent test information messages.
9. FREEZE FRAME icon - Indicates that there is Freeze Frame data
from “Priority Code” (Code #1) stored in the vehicle’s computer
memory.
10. PERMANENT icon - Indicates the currently displayed DTC is a
“Permanent” code.
11. ABS icon – Indicates the currently displayed DTC is an “ABS” code.
12. PENDING icon - Indicates the currently displayed DTC is a
“Pending” code.
13. MIL icon - Indicates the status of the Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(MIL). The MIL icon is visible only when a DTC has commanded the
MIL on the vehicle’s dashboard to light.
14. Code Number Sequence - The Diagnostic Tool assigns a
sequence number to each DTC that is present in the computer’s
memory, starting with “01.” This number indicates which code is
currently displayed. Code number “01” is always the highest priority
code, and the one for which “Freeze Frame” data has been stored.
If “01” is a “Pending” code, there may or may not be
“Freeze Frame” data stored in memory.
15. Code Enumerator - Indicates the total number of codes retrieved
from the vehicle’s computer.
10
Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
The Introduction of Electronic Engine Controls
Electronic Computer Control Systems make it possible
for vehicle manufacturers to comply with the tougher
emissions and fuel efficiency standards mandated by
State and Federal Governments.
As a result of increased air pollution (smog) in large cities,
such as Los Angeles, the California Air Resources Board
(CARB) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
set new regulations and air pollution standards to deal with
the problem. To further complicate matters, the energy crisis of
the early 1970s caused a sharp increase in fuel prices over a
short period. As a result, vehicle manufacturers were not only
required to comply with the new emissions standards, they also
had to make their vehicles more fuel-efficient. Most vehicles
were required to meet a miles-per-gallon (MPG) standard set by the U.S.
Federal Government.
Precise fuel delivery and spark timing are needed to reduce vehicle
emissions. Mechanical engine controls in use at the time (such as
ignition points, mechanical spark advance and the carburetor)
responded too slowly to driving conditions to properly control fuel
delivery and spark timing. This made it difficult for vehicle manufacturers
to meet the new standards.
A new Engine Control System had to be designed and integrated with
the engine controls to meet the stricter standards. The new system had
to:
„
Respond instantly to supply the proper mixture of air and fuel for any
driving condition (idle, cruising, low-speed driving, high-speed
driving, etc.).
„
Calculate instantly the best time to “ignite” the air/fuel mixture for
maximum engine efficiency.
„
Perform both these tasks without affecting vehicle performance or
fuel economy.
Vehicle Computer Control Systems can perform millions of calculations
each second. This makes them an ideal substitute for the slower
mechanical engine controls. By switching from mechanical to electronic
engine controls, vehicle manufacturers are able to control fuel delivery
and spark timing more precisely. Some newer Computer Control
Systems also provide control over other vehicle functions, such as
transmission, brakes, charging, body, and suspension systems.
Craftsman 87702
11
Onboard Diagnostics
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
The Basic Engine Computer Control System
The Computer Control System consists of an on-board
computer and several related control devices (sensors,
switches, and actuators).
The on-board computer is the heart of the Computer
Control System. The computer contains several programs
with preset reference values for air/fuel ratio, spark or
ignition timing, injector pulse width, engine speed, etc.
Separate values are provided for various driving conditions,
such as idle, low speed driving, high-speed driving, low load,
or high load. The preset reference values represent the ideal
air/fuel mixture, spark timing, transmission gear selection,
etc., for any driving condition. These values are programmed
by the vehicle manufacturer, and are specific to each vehicle model.
Most on-board computers are located inside the vehicle behind the dashboard,
under the passenger’s or driver’s seat, or behind the right kick panel. However,
some manufacturers may still position it in the engine compartment.
Vehicle sensors, switches, and actuators are located throughout the
engine, and are connected by electrical wiring to the on-board computer.
These devices include oxygen sensors, coolant temperature sensors,
throttle position sensors, fuel injectors, etc. Sensors and switches are
input devices. They provide signals representing current engine
operating conditions to the computer. Actuators are output devices. They
perform actions in response to commands received from the computer.
The on-board computer receives information inputs from sensors and
switches located throughout the engine. These devices monitor critical
engine conditions such as coolant temperature, engine speed, engine
load, throttle position, air/fuel ratio etc.
The computer compares the values received from these sensors with its
preset reference values, and makes corrective actions as needed so
that the sensor values always match the preset reference values for the
current driving condition. The computer makes adjustments by
commanding other devices such as the fuel injectors, idle air control,
EGR valve or Ignition Module to perform these actions.
TYPICAL COMPUTER
CONTROL SYSTEM
OUTPUT DEVICES
Fuel Injectors
Idle Air Control
EGR Valve
Ignition Module
On-Board
Computer
INPUT DEVICES
Coolant Temperature Sensor
Throttle Position Sensor
Fuel Injectors
12
INPUT DEVICES
Oxygen Sensors
Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
Vehicle operating conditions are constantly changing. The computer
continuously makes adjustments or corrections (especially to the air/fuel
mixture and spark timing) to keep all the engine systems operating
within the preset reference values.
On-Board Diagnostics - First Generation (OBD1)
With the exception of some 1994 and 1995 vehicles,
most vehicles from 1982 to 1995 are equipped with
some type of first generation On-Board Diagnostics.
Beginning in 1988, California’s Air Resources Board
(CARB), and later the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
required vehicle manufacturers to include a self-diagnostic
program in their on-board computers. The program would be
capable of identifying emissions-related faults in a system. The
first generation of Onboard Diagnostics came to be known as
OBD1.
OBD1 is a set of self-testing and diagnostic instructions
programmed into the vehicle’s on-board computer. The
programs are specifically designed to detect failures in the sensors,
actuators, switches and wiring of the various vehicle emissions-related
systems. If the computer detects a failure in any of these components or
systems, it lights an indicator on the dashboard to alert the driver. The
indicator lights only when an emissions-related problem is detected.
The computer also assigns a numeric code for each specific problem
that it detects, and stores these codes in its memory for later retrieval.
These codes can be retrieved from the computer’s memory with the use
of a “Diagnostic Tool” or a “Scan Tool.”
On-Board Diagnostics - Second Generation (OBD2)
In addition to performing all the
functions of the OBD1 System, the
The OBD2 System is
OBD2 System has been enhanced with
an enhancement of the
new Diagnostic Programs. These
OBD1 System.
programs closely monitor the functions
of various emissions-related components and systems (as well as other
systems) and make this information readily available (with
the proper equipment) to the technician for evaluation.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) conducted
studies on OBD1 equipped vehicles. The information that was
gathered from these studies showed the following:
„
A large number of vehicles had deteriorating or degraded
emissions-related components. These components were
causing an increase in emissions.
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13
Onboard Diagnostics
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
„
Because OBD1 systems only detect failed components, the
degraded components were not setting codes.
„
Some emissions problems related to degraded components only
occur when the vehicle is being driven under a load. The emission
checks being conducted at the time were not performed under
simulated driving conditions. As a result, a significant number of
vehicles with degraded components were passing Emissions Tests.
„
Codes, code definitions, diagnostic connectors, communication
protocols and emissions terminology were different for each
manufacturer. This caused confusion for the technicians working on
different make and model vehicles.
To address the problems made evident by this study, CARB and the
EPA passed new laws and standardization requirements. These laws
required that vehicle manufacturers to equip their new vehicles with
devices capable of meeting all of the new emissions standards and
regulations. It was also decided that an enhanced on-board diagnostic
system, capable of addressing all of these problems, was needed. This
new system is known as “On-Board Diagnostics Generation Two
(OBD2).” The primary objective of the OBD2 system is to comply with
the latest regulations and emissions standards established by CARB
and the EPA.
The Main Objectives of the OBD2 System are:
„
To detect degraded and/or failed emissions-related components or
systems that could cause tailpipe emissions to exceed by 1.5 times
the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) standard.
„
To expand emissions-related system monitoring. This includes a set
of computer run diagnostics called Monitors. Monitors perform
diagnostics and testing to verify that all emissions-related
components and/or systems are operating correctly and within the
manufacturer’s specifications.
„
To use a standardized Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC) in all
vehicles. (Before OBD2, DLCs were of different shapes and sizes.)
„
To standardize the code numbers, code definitions and language
used to describe faults. (Before OBD2, each vehicle manufacturer
used their own code numbers, code definitions and language to
describe the same faults.)
„
To expand the operation of the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL).
„
To standardize communication procedures and protocols between
the diagnostic equipment (Scan Tools, Code Readers, etc.) and the
vehicle’s on-board computer.
OBD2 Terminology
The following terms and their definitions are related to OBD2 systems.
Read and reference this list as needed to aid in the understanding of
OBD2 systems.
14
Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
„
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) - The PCM is the OBD2
accepted term for the vehicle’s “on-board computer.” In addition
to controlling the engine management and emissions systems,
the PCM also participates in controlling the powertrain
(transmission) operation. Most PCMs also have the ability to
communicate with other computers on the vehicle (ABS, ride
control, body, etc.).
„
Monitor - Monitors are “diagnostic routines” programmed into the
PCM. The PCM utilizes these programs to run diagnostic tests, and
to monitor operation of the vehicle’s emissions-related components
or systems to ensure they are operating correctly and within the
vehicle’s manufacturer specifications. Currently, up to fifteen
Monitors are used in OBD2 systems. Additional Monitors will be
added as the OBD2 system is further developed.
Not all vehicles support all fifteen Monitors.
„
Enabling Criteria - Each Monitor is designed to test and monitor
the operation of a specific part of the vehicle’s emissions system
(EGR system, oxygen sensor, catalytic converter, etc.). A specific
set of “conditions” or “driving procedures” must be met before the
computer can command a Monitor to run tests on its related system.
These “conditions” are known as “Enabling Criteria.” The
requirements and procedures vary for each Monitor. Some Monitors
only require the ignition key to be turned “On” for them to run and
complete their diagnostic testing. Others may require a set of
complex procedures, such as, starting the vehicle when cold,
bringing it to operating temperature, and driving the vehicle under
specific conditions before the Monitor can run and complete its
diagnostic testing.
„
Monitor Has/Has Not Run - The terms “Monitor has run” or
“Monitor has not run” are used throughout this manual. “Monitor
has run,” means the PCM has commanded a particular Monitor to
perform the required diagnostic testing on a system to ensure the
system is operating correctly (within factory specifications). The term
“Monitor has not run” means the PCM has not yet commanded a
particular Monitor to perform diagnostic testing on its associated part
of the emissions system.
„
Trip - A Trip for a particular Monitor requires that the vehicle is
being driven in such a way that all the required “Enabling Criteria”
for the Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic testing are met.
The “Trip Drive Cycle” for a particular Monitor begins when the
ignition key is turned “On.” It is successfully completed when all the
“Enabling Criteria” for the Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic
testing are met by the time the ignition key is turned “Off.” Since
each of the eleven monitors is designed to run diagnostics and
testing on a different part of the engine or emissions system, the
“Trip Drive Cycle” needed for each individual Monitor to run and
complete varies.
Craftsman 87702
15
Onboard Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
„
OBD2 Drive Cycle - An OBD2 Drive Cycle is an extended set of
driving procedures that takes into consideration the various types of
driving conditions encountered in real life. These conditions may
include starting the vehicle when it is cold, driving the vehicle at a
steady speed (cruising), accelerating, etc. An OBD2 Drive Cycle
begins when the ignition key is turned “On” (when cold) and ends
when the vehicle has been driven in such a way as to have all the
“Enabling Criteria” met for all its applicable Monitors. Only those
trips that provide the Enabling Criteria for all Monitors applicable to
the vehicle to run and complete their individual diagnostic tests
qualify as an OBD2 Drive Cycle. OBD2 Drive Cycle requirements
vary from one model of vehicle to another. Vehicle manufacturers
set these procedures. Consult your vehicle’s service manual for
OBD2 Drive Cycle procedures.
Do not confuse a “Trip” Drive Cycle with an OBD2 Drive Cycle. A
“Trip” Drive Cycle provides the “Enabling Criteria” for one specific
Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic testing. An OBD2 Drive
Cycle must meet the “Enabling Criteria” for all Monitors on a
particular vehicle to run and complete their diagnostic testing.
„
Warm-up Cycle - Vehicle operation after an engine off period where
engine temperature rises at least 40°F (22°C) from its temperature
before starting, and reaches at least 160°F (70°C). The PCM uses
warm-up cycles as a counter to automatically erase a specific code
and related data from its memory. When no faults related to the
original problem are detected within a specified number of warm-up
cycles, the code is erased automatically.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are
Diagnostic Trouble
meant to guide you to the proper
Codes (DTCs) are
service procedure in the vehicle’s
codes that identify a
service manual. DO NOT replace parts
based only on DTCs without first
specific problem area.
consulting the vehicle’s service manual
for proper testing procedures for that
particular system, circuit or component.
DTCs are alphanumeric codes that are used to identify a
problem that is present in any of the systems that are
monitored by the on-board computer (PCM). Each trouble
code has an assigned message that identifies the circuit,
component or system area where the problem was found.
OBD2 diagnostic trouble codes are made up of five characters:
„
The 1st character is a letter (B, C, P or U). It identifies the
“main system” where the fault occurred (Body, Chassis, Powertrain,
or Network).
„
The 2nd character is a numeric digit (0 thru 3). It identifies the
“type” of code (Generic or Manufacturer-Specific).
Generic DTCs are codes that are used by all vehicle manufacturers. The standards for generic DTCs, as well as their
definitions, are set by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
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Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Manufacturer-Specific DTCs are codes that are controlled by the
vehicle manufacturers. The Federal Government does not require
vehicle manufacturers to go beyond the standardized generic
DTCs in order to comply with the new OBD2 emissions standards.
However, manufacturers are free to expand beyond the
standardized codes to make their systems easier to diagnose.
„
The 3rd character is a letter or a numeric digit (0 thru 9, A thru F).
It identifies the specific system or sub-system where the problem is
located.
„
The 4th and 5th characters are letters or numeric digits (0 thru 9, A
thru F). They identify the section of the system that is malfunctioning.
OBD2 DTC EXAMPLE
P0201 - Injector Circuit Malfunction, Cylinder 1
B
C
P
U
-
Body
Chassis
Powertrain
Network
P0201
0 - Generic
1 - Manufacturer Specific
2 - Generic ("P" Codes) and Manufacturer
Specific ("B", "C" and "U" Codes)
3 - Includes both Generic and Manufacturer
Specific Codes
Identifies the system where the problem is
located. "P" Code systems are listed below.
"B", "C" and "U" Code systems will vary.
0 - Fuel and Air Metering; Auxiliary Emission
Controls
1 - Fuel and Air Metering
2 - Fuel and Air Metering (injector circuit
malfunction only)
3 - Ignition System or Misfire
4 - Auxiliary Emission Control System
5 - Vehicle Speed Control and Idle Control
System
6 - Computer Output Circuits
7 - Transmission
8 - Transmission
9 - Transmission
A - Hybrid Propulsion
B - Hybrid Propulsion
C - Hybrid Propulsion
Identifies what section of the system
is malfunctioning
Craftsman 87702
17
Onboard Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
DTCs and MIL Status
When the vehicle’s on-board computer detects
a failure in an emissions-related component or
system, the computer’s internal diagnostic
program assigns a diagnostic trouble code
(DTC) that points to the system (and subsystem)
where the fault was found. The diagnostic
program saves the code in the computer’s
memory. It records a “Freeze Frame” of conditions present when the fault was found, and lights the Malfunction
Indicator Lamp (MIL). Some faults require detection for two trips in a row
before the MIL is turned on.
The “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” (MIL) is the accepted term
used to describe the lamp on the dashboard that lights to warn
the driver that an emissions-related fault has been found.
Some manufacturers may still call this lamp a “Check Engine”
or “Service Engine Soon” light.
There are two types of DTCs used for emissions-related faults: Type “A”
and Type “B.” Type “A” codes are “One-Trip” codes; Type “B” DTCs are
usually Two-Trip DTCs.
When a Type “A” DTC is found on the First Trip, the following events
take place:
„
The computer commands the MIL “On” when the failure is first found.
„
If the failure causes a severe misfire that may cause damage to the
catalytic converter, the MIL “flashes” once per second. The MIL
continues to flash as long as the condition exists. If the condition
that caused the MIL to flash is no longer present, the MIL will light
“steady” On.
„
A DTC is saved in the computer’s memory for later retrieval.
„
A “Freeze Frame” of the conditions present in the engine or emissions
system when the MIL was ordered “On” is saved in the computer’s
memory for later retrieval. This information shows fuel system status
(closed loop or open loop), engine load, coolant temperature, fuel trim
value, MAP vacuum, engine RPM and DTC priority.
When a Type “B” DTC is found on the First Trip, the following events
take place:
„
The computer sets a Pending DTC, but the MIL is not ordered “On.”
“Freeze Frame” data may or may not be saved at this time
depending on manufacturer. The Pending DTC is saved in the
computer’s memory for later retrieval.
„
If the failure is found on the second consecutive trip, the MIL is
ordered “On.” “Freeze Frame” data is saved in the computer’s
memory.
„
If the failure is not found on the second Trip, the Pending DTC is
erased from the computer’s memory.
The MIL will stay lit for both Type “A” and Type “B” codes until one of
the following conditions occurs:
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Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
„
If the conditions that caused the MIL to light are no longer present
for the next three trips in a row, the computer automatically turns the
MIL “Off” if no other emissions-related faults are present. However,
the DTCs remain in the computer’s memory as a history code for 40
warm-up cycles (80 warm-up cycles for fuel and misfire faults). The
DTCs are automatically erased if the fault that caused them to be
set is not detected again during that period.
„
Misfire and fuel system faults require three trips with “similar
conditions” before the MIL is turned “Off.” These are trips where the
engine load, RPM and temperature are similar to the conditions
present when the fault was first found.
After the MIL has been turned off, DTCs and Freeze Frame
data stay in the computer’s memory.
„
Erasing the DTCs from the computer’s memory can also turn off the
MIL. See ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) on
page 49, before erasing codes from the computer’s memory. If a
Diagnostic Tool or Scan Tool is used to erase the codes, Freeze
Frame data will also be erased.
OBD2 MONITORS
To ensure the correct operation of the various emissions-related
components and systems, a diagnostic program was developed and
installed in the vehicle’s on-board computer. The program has several
procedures and diagnostic strategies. Each procedure or diagnostic
strategy is made to monitor the operation of, and run diagnostic tests on,
a specific emissions-related component or system. These tests ensure
the system is running correctly and is within the manufacturer’s
specifications. On OBD2 systems, these procedures and diagnostic
strategies are called “Monitors.”
Currently, fifteen Monitors are supported by OBD2 systems. Additional
monitors may be added as a result of Government regulations as the
OBD2 system grows and matures. Not all vehicles support all fifteen
Monitors. Additionally, some Monitors are supported by “spark ignition”
vehicles only, while others are supported by “compression ignition”
vehicles only.
Monitor operation is either “Continuous” or “Non-Continuous,”
depending on the specific monitor.
Continuous Monitors
Three of these Monitors are designed to constantly monitor their
associated components and/or systems for proper operation.
Continuous Monitors run constantly when the engine is running. The
Continuous Monitors are:
Comprehensive Component Monitor (CCM)
Misfire Monitor
Fuel System Monitor
Craftsman 87702
19
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
Non-Continuous Monitors
The other twelve Monitors are “non-continuous” Monitors. “Noncontinuous” Monitors perform and complete their testing once per trip.
The “non-continuous” Monitors are:
Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
Catalyst Monitor
Heated Catalyst Monitor
EGR System Monitor
EVAP System Monitor
Secondary Air System Monitor
The following Monitors became standard beginning in 2010.
The majority of vehicles produced before this time will not
support these Monitors
NMHC Monitor
NOx Adsorber Monitor
Boost Pressure System Monitor
Exhaust Gas Sensor Monitor
PM Filter Monitor
The following provides a brief explanation of the function of each Monitor:
Comprehensive Component Monitor (CCM) - This Monitor
continuously checks all inputs and outputs from sensors,
actuators, switches and other devices that provide a signal to the
computer. The Monitor checks for shorts, opens, out of range value,
functionality and “rationality.”
Rationality: Each input signal is compared against all other
inputs and against information in the computer’s memory to see
if it makes sense under the current operating conditions.
Example: The signal from the throttle position sensor indicates
the vehicle is in a wide-open throttle condition, but the vehicle is
really at idle, and the idle condition is confirmed by the signals
from all other sensors. Based on the input data, the computer
determines that the signal from the throttle position sensor is not
rational (does not make sense when compared to the other
inputs). In this case, the signal would fail the rationality test.
The CCM is supported by both “spark ignition” vehicles and
“compression ignition” vehicles. The CCM may be either a “One-Trip” or
a “Two-Trip” Monitor, depending on the component.
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Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
Fuel System Monitor - This Monitor uses a Fuel System
Correction program, called Fuel Trim, inside the on-board
computer. Fuel Trim is a set of positive and negative values that
represent adding or subtracting fuel from the engine. This program is
used to correct for a lean (too much air/not enough fuel) or rich (too
much fuel/not enough air) air-fuel mixture. The program is designed to
add or subtract fuel, as needed, up to a certain percent. If the correction
needed is too large and exceeds the time and percent allowed by the
program, a fault is indicated by the computer.
The Fuel System Monitor is supported by both “spark ignition” vehicles
and “compression ignition” vehicles. The Fuel System Monitor may be a
“One-Trip” or “Two-Trip” Monitor, depending on the severity of the
problem.
Misfire Monitor - This Monitor continuously checks for engine misfires.
A misfire occurs when the air-fuel mixture in the cylinder does not ignite.
The misfire Monitor uses changes in crankshaft speed to sense an engine
misfire. When a cylinder misfires, it no longer contributes to the speed of the
engine, and engine speed decreases each time the affected cylinder(s) misfire.
The misfire Monitor is designed to sense engine speed fluctuations and
determine from which cylinder(s) the misfire is coming, as well as how bad the
misfire is. There are three types of engine misfires, Types 1, 2, and 3.
- Type 1 and Type 3 misfires are two-trip monitor faults. If a fault is sensed
on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as
a Pending Code. The MIL is not commanded on at this time. If the fault is
found again on the second trip, under similar conditions of engine speed,
load and temperature, the computer commands the MIL “On,” and the
code is saved in its long term memory.
- Type 2 misfires are the most severe type of misfire. When a Type 2
misfire is sensed on the first trip, the computer commands the MIL to
light when the misfire is sensed. If the computer determines that a
Type 2 misfire is severe , and may cause catalytic converter damage,
it commands the MIL to “flash” once per second as soon as the
misfire is sensed. When the misfire is no longer present, the MIL
reverts to steady “On” condition.
The Misfire Monitor is supported by both “spark ignition” vehicles and
“compression ignition” vehicles.
Catalyst Monitor - The catalytic converter is a device that is
installed downstream of the exhaust manifold. It helps to oxidize
(burn) the unburned fuel (hydrocarbons) and partially burned fuel
(carbon monoxide) left over from the combustion process. To
accomplish this, heat and catalyst materials inside the converter react
with the exhaust gases to burn the remaining fuel. Some materials
inside the catalytic converter also have the ability to store oxygen, and
release it as needed to oxidize hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide. In
the process, it reduces vehicle emissions by converting the polluting
gases into carbon dioxide and water.
The computer checks the efficiency of the catalytic converter by
monitoring the oxygen sensors used by the system. One sensor is located
before (upstream of) the converter; the other is located after (downstream
of) the converter. If the catalytic converter loses its ability to store oxygen,
Craftsman 87702
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Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
the downstream sensor signal voltage becomes almost the same as the
upstream sensor signal. In this case, the monitor fails the test.
The Catalyst Monitor is supported by “spark ignition” vehicles only. The
Catalyst Monitor is a “Two-Trip” Monitor. If a fault is found on the first
trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as a
Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at this time.
If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the computer commands
the MIL “On” and saves the code in its long-term memory.
Heated Catalyst Monitor - Operation of the “heated” catalytic
converter is similar to the catalytic converter. The main difference
is that a heater is added to bring the catalytic converter to its operating
temperature more quickly. This helps reduce emissions by reducing the
converter’s down time when the engine is cold. The Heated Catalyst
Monitor performs the same diagnostic tests as the catalyst Monitor, and
also tests the catalytic converter’s heater for proper operation.
The Heated Catalyst Monitor is supported by “spark ignition” vehicles
only. This Monitor is also a “Two-Trip” Monitor.
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Monitor - The Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR) system helps reduce the formation of Oxides
of Nitrogen during combustion. Temperatures above 2500°F cause
nitrogen and oxygen to combine and form Oxides of Nitrogen in the
combustion chamber. To reduce the formation of Oxides of Nitrogen,
combustion temperatures must be kept below 2500°F. The EGR system
recirculates small amounts of exhaust gas back into the intake manifold,
where it is mixed with the incoming air/fuel mixture. This reduces
combustion temperatures by up to 500°F. The computer determines
when, for how long, and how much exhaust gas is recirculated back to
the intake manifold. The EGR Monitor performs EGR system function
tests at preset times during vehicle operation.
The EGR Monitor is supported by both “spark ignition” vehicles and
“compression ignition” vehicles. The EGR Monitor is a “Two-Trip”
Monitor. If a fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily
saves the fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does
not command the MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the
second trip, the computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code
in its long-term memory.
Evaporative System (EVAP) Monitor - OBD2 vehicles are
equipped with a fuel Evaporative system (EVAP) that helps
prevent fuel vapors from evaporating into the air. The EVAP system
carries fumes from the fuel tank to the engine where they are burned
during combustion. The EVAP system may consist of a charcoal
canister, fuel tank cap, purge solenoid, vent solenoid, flow monitor, leak
detector and connecting tubes, lines and hoses.
Fumes are carried from the fuel tank to the charcoal canister by hoses
or tubes. The fumes are stored in the charcoal canister. The computer
controls the flow of fuel vapors from the charcoal canister to the engine
via a purge solenoid. The computer energizes or de-energizes the purge
solenoid (depending on solenoid design). The purge solenoid opens a
valve to allow engine vacuum to draw the fuel vapors from the canister
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Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
into the engine where the vapors are burned. The EVAP Monitor checks
for proper fuel vapor flow to the engine, and pressurizes the system to
test for leaks. The computer runs this Monitor once per trip.
The EVAP Monitor is supported by “spark ignition” vehicles only. The
EVAP Monitor is a “Two-Trip” Monitor. If a fault is found on the first trip,
the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as a Pending
Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at this time. If the
fault is sensed again on the second trip, the PCM commands the MIL
“On,” and saves the code in its long-term memory.
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor - The Oxygen Sensor Heater
Monitor tests the operation of the oxygen sensor’s heater. There
are two modes of operation on a computer-controlled vehicle: “openloop” and “closed-loop.” The vehicle operates in open-loop when the
engine is cold, before it reaches normal operating temperature. The
vehicle also goes to open-loop mode at other times, such as heavy load
and full throttle conditions. When the vehicle is running in open-loop, the
oxygen sensor signal is ignored by the computer for air/fuel mixture
corrections. Engine efficiency during open-loop operation is very low,
and results in the production of more vehicle emissions.
Closed-loop operation is the best condition for both vehicle emissions
and vehicle operation. When the vehicle is operating in closed-loop, the
computer uses the oxygen sensor signal for air/fuel mixture corrections.
In order for the computer to enter closed-loop operation, the oxygen
sensor must reach a temperature of at least 600°F. The oxygen sensor
heater helps the oxygen sensor reach and maintain its minimum
operating temperature (600°F) more quickly, to bring the vehicle into
closed-loop operation as soon as possible.
The Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor is supported by “spark ignition”
vehicles only. The Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor is a “Two-Trip”
Monitor. If a fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily
saves the fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does
not command the MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the
second trip, the computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code
in its long-term memory.
Oxygen Sensor Monitor - The Oxygen Sensor monitors how
much oxygen is in the vehicle’s exhaust. It generates a varying
voltage of up to one volt, based on how much oxygen is in the exhaust
gas, and sends the signal to the computer. The computer uses this
signal to make corrections to the air/fuel mixture. If the exhaust gas has
a large amount of oxygen (a lean air/fuel mixture), the oxygen sensor
generates a “low” voltage signal. If the exhaust gas has very little
oxygen (a rich mixture condition), the oxygen sensor generates a “high”
voltage signal. A 450mV signal indicates the most efficient, and least
polluting, air/fuel ratio of 14.7 parts of air to one part of fuel.
The oxygen sensor must reach a temperature of at least 600-650°F,
and the engine must reach normal operating temperature, for the
computer to enter into closed-loop operation. The oxygen sensor only
functions when the computer is in closed-loop. A properly operating
oxygen sensor reacts quickly to any change in oxygen content in the
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Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
exhaust stream. A faulty oxygen sensor reacts slowly, or its voltage
signal is weak or missing.
The Oxygen Sensor Monitor is supported by “spark ignition” vehicles
only. The Oxygen Sensor Monitor is a “Two-Trip” monitor. If a fault is
found on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its
memory as a Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL
on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the
computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code in its long-term
memory.
Secondary Air System Monitor - When a cold engine is first
started, it runs in open-loop mode. During open-loop operation,
the engine usually runs rich. A vehicle running rich wastes fuel and
creates increased emissions, such as carbon monoxide and some
hydrocarbons. A Secondary Air System injects air into the exhaust
stream to aid catalytic converter operation:
1. It supplies the catalytic converter with the oxygen it needs to oxidize
the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons left over from the
combustion process during engine warm-up.
2. The extra oxygen injected into the exhaust stream also helps the
catalytic converter reach operating temperature more quickly during
warm-up periods. The catalytic converter must heat to operating
temperature to work properly.
The Secondary Air System Monitor checks for component integrity and
system operation, and tests for faults in the system. The computer runs
this Monitor once per trip.
The Secondary Air System Monitor is a “Two-Trip” monitor. If a fault is
found on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves this fault in its
memory as a Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL
on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the
computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code in its long-term
memory.
Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Catalyst (NMHC) Monitor - The
non-methane hydrocarbon catalyst is a type of catalytic converter.
It helps to remove non-methane hydrocarbons (NMH) left over from the
combustion process from the exhaust stream. To accomplish this, heat
and catalyst materials react with the exhaust gases to convert NMH to
less harmful compounds. The computer checks the efficiency of the
catalyst by monitoring the quantity of NMH in the exhaust stream. The
monitor also verifies that sufficient temperature is present to aid in
particulate matter (PM) filter regeneration.
The NMHC Monitor is supported by “compression ignition” vehicles only.
The NMHC Monitor is a “Two-Trip” Monitor. If a fault is found on the first
trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as a
Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at this time.
If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the computer commands
the MIL “On,” and saves the code in its long-term memory.
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Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
NOx Aftertreatment Monitor - NOx aftertreatment is based on a
catalytic converter support that has been coated with a special
washcoat containing zeolites. NOx Aftertreatment is designed to reduce
oxides of nitrogen emitted in the exhaust stream. The zeolite acts as a
molecular "sponge" to trap the NO and NO2 molecules in the exhaust
stream. In some implementations, injection of a reactant before the
aftertreatment purges it. NO2 in particular is unstable, and will join with
hydrocarbons to produce H2O and N2. The NOx Aftertreatment Monitor
monitors the function of the NOx aftertreatment to ensure that tailpipe
emissions remain within acceptable limits.
The NOx Aftertreatment Monitor is supported by “compression ignition”
vehicles only. The NOx Aftertreatment Monitor is a “Two-Trip” Monitor. If
a fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault
in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does not command the
MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the
computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code in its long-term
memory.
Boost Pressure System Monitor - The boost pressure system
serves to increase the pressure produced inside the intake
manifold to a level greater than atmospheric pressure. This increase in
pressure helps to ensure compete combustion of the air-fuel mixture.
The Boost Pressure System Monitor checks for component integrity and
system operation, and tests for faults in the system. The computer runs
this Monitor once per trip.
The Boost Pressure System Monitor is supported by “compression
ignition” vehicles only. The Boost Pressure System Monitor is a “TwoTrip” Monitor. If a fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily
saves the fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does
not command the MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the
second trip, the computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code
in its long-term memory.
Exhaust Gas Sensor Monitor - The exhaust gas sensor is used
by a number of systems/monitors to determine the content of the
exhaust stream. The computer checks for component integrity, system
operation, and tests for faults in the system, as well as feedback faults
that may affect other emission control systems.
The Exhaust Gas Sensor Monitor is supported by “compression ignition”
vehicles only. The Exhaust Gas Sensor Monitor is a “Two-Trip” Monitor.
If a fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the
fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does not
command the MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the
second trip, the computer commands the MIL “On,” and saves the code
in its long-term memory.
Craftsman 87702
25
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
PM Filter Monitor - The particulate matter (PM) filter removes
particulate matter from the exhaust stream by filtration. The filter
has a honeycomb structure similar to a catalyst substrate, but with the
channels blocked at alternate ends. This forces the exhaust gas to flow
through the walls between the channels, filtering the particulate matter
out. The filters are self-cleaning by periodic modification of the exhaust
gas concentration in order to burn off the trapped particles (oxidizing the
particles to form CO2 and water). The computer monitors the efficiency
of the filter in trapping particulate matter, as well as the ability of the filter
to regenerate (self-clean).
The PM Filter Monitor is supported by “compression ignition” vehicles
only. The PM Filter Monitor is a “Two-Trip” Monitor. If a fault is found on
the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as a
Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at this time.
If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the computer commands
the MIL “On,” and saves the code in its long-term memory.
OBD2 Reference Table
The table below lists current OBD2 Monitors, and indicates the following
for each Monitor:
A.
26
Monitor Type (how often does the Monitor run; Continuous or
Once per trip)
B.
Number of trips needed, with a fault present, to set a pending DTC
C.
Number of consecutive trips needed, with a fault present, to
command the MIL “On” and store a DTC
D.
Number of trips needed, with no faults present, to erase a Pending
DTC
E.
Number and type of trips or drive cycles needed, with no faults
present, to turn off the MIL
F.
Number of warm-up periods needed to erase the DTC from the
computer’s memory after the MIL is turned off
Craftsman 87702
Onboard Diagnostics
OBD2 MONITORS
Name of
Monitor
A
B
C
D
E
F
Comprehensive
Component Monitor
Continuous
1
2
1
3
40
Misfire Monitor
(Type 1 and 3)
Continuous
1
2
1
3 - similar
conditions
80
Misfire Monitor
(Type 2)
Continuous
1
3 - similar
conditions
80
80
Fuel System Monitor
Continuous
1
1 or 2
1
3 - similar
conditions
Catalytic Converter
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Oxygen Sensor
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Oxygen Sensor
Heater Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR)
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Evaporative
Emissions Controls
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Secondary Air
System (AIR) Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
NMHC Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
NOx Adsorber
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Boost Pressure
System Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Exhaust Gas Sensor
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
PM Filter Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Craftsman 87702
27
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
The purpose of this form is to help you gather preliminary information on
your vehicle before you retrieve codes. By having a complete account of
your vehicle's current problem(s), you will be able to systematically
pinpoint the problem(s) by comparing your answers to the fault codes
you retrieve. You can also provide this information to your mechanic to
assist in diagnosis and help avoid costly and unnecessary repairs. It is
important for you to complete this form to help you and/or your
mechanic have a clear understanding of your vehicle's problems.
NAME:
DATE:
VIN*:
YEAR:
MAKE:
MODEL:
ENGINE SIZE:
VEHICLE MILEAGE:
*VIN: Vehicle Identification Number, found at the base of the windshield
on a metallic plate, or at the driver door latch area (consult your vehicle
owner's manual for location).
TRANSMISSION:
†
Automatic
†
Manual
Please check all applicable items in each category.
DESCRIBE THE PROBLEM:
28
Craftsman 87702
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
WHEN DID YOU FIRST NOTICE THE PROBLEM:
†
Just Started
†
Started Last Week
†
Started Last Month
†
Other:
m
LIST ANY REPAIRS DONE IN THE PAST SIX MONTHS:
PROBLEMS STARTING
† No symptoms
†
Cranks, but will not start
†
†
Starts, but takes a long
time
†
Right after vehicle
comes to a stop
Will not crank
ENGINE QUITS OR STALLS
No symptoms
†
†
Right after starting
†
When shifting into gear
†
While idling
During steady-speed
driving
†
During acceleration
When parking
†
IDLING CONDITIONS
No symptoms
†
†
†
Is sometimes too fast or
too slow
†
Is rough or uneven
†
Fluctuates up and down
RUNNING CONDITIONS
No symptoms
†
Backfires
†
†
†
Misfires or cuts out
Engine knocks, pings or
rattles
†
Is too slow at all times
†
Is too fast
†
†
Runs rough
Lacks power
†
Bucks and jerks
†
Poor fuel economy
†
Surges
†
Hesitates or stumbles on
accelerations
†
Dieseling or run-on
Craftsman 87702
29
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION PROBLEMS (if applicable)
†
†
†
†
No symptoms
Shifts too early or too late
Changes gear incorrectly
PROBLEM OCCURS
Morning
†
†
†
Vehicle does not move
when in gear
Jerks or bucks
Afternoon
†
Anytime
†
Hot
ENGINE TEMPERATURE WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
†
Cold
†
Warm
DRIVING CONDITIONS WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
Short - less than 2 miles
2 - 10 miles
Long - more than 10 miles
Stop and go
While turning
While braking
At gear engagement
With A/C operating
†
†
†
†
†
†
†
With headlights on
During acceleration
Mostly driving downhill
Mostly driving uphill
Mostly driving level
Mostly driving curvy
roads
Mostly driving rough
roads
DRIVING HABITS
†
†
†
†
†
Mostly city driving
Highway
Park vehicle inside
Park vehicle outside
†
†
Drive less than 10 miles per day
Drive 10 to 50 miles per day
Drive more than 50 miles per
day
GASOLINE USED
†
†
†
87 Octane
89 Octane
†
91 Octane
More than 91 Octane
WEATHER CONDITIONS WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
†
†
32 - 55° F (0 - 13° C)
Below freezing (32° F / 0° C)
†
Above 55° F (13° C)
CHECK ENGINE LIGHT / DASH WARNING LIGHT
†
Sometimes ON
†
†
Always ON
Never ON
PECULIAR SMELLS
†
†
†
"Hot"
Sulfur ("rotten egg")
Burning rubber
†
†
†
Gasoline
Burning oil
Electrical
STRANGE NOISES
†
†
30
Rattle
Knock
†
†
Squeak
Other
Craftsman 87702
Preparation for Testing
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
The Enhanced CanOBD2 Diagnostic Tool aids in monitoring
electronic- and emissions-related
faults in your vehicle and
retrieving fault codes related to
malfunctions in these systems.
Mechanical problems such as
low oil level or damaged hoses, wiring or electrical connectors can
cause poor engine performance and may also cause a fault code to set.
Fix any known mechanical problems before performing any test. See
your vehicle’s service manual or a mechanic for more information.
Check the following areas before starting any test:
„
Check the engine oil, power steering fluid, transmission fluid (if
applicable), engine coolant and other fluids for proper levels. Top off
low fluid levels if needed.
„
Make sure the air filter is clean and in good condition. Make sure all
air filter ducts are properly connected. Check the air filter ducts for
holes, rips or cracks.
„
Make sure all engine belts are in good condition. Check for cracked,
torn, brittle, loose or missing belts.
„
Make sure mechanical linkages to engine sensors (throttle, gearshift
position, transmission, etc.) are secure and properly connected. See
your vehicle’s service manual for locations.
„
Check all rubber hoses (radiator) and steel hoses (vacuum/fuel) for
leaks, cracks, blockage or other damage. Make sure all hoses are
routed and connected properly.
„
Make sure all spark plugs are clean and in good condition. Check
for damaged, loose, disconnected or missing spark plug wires.
„
Make sure the battery terminals are clean and tight. Check for
corrosion or broken connections. Check for proper battery and
charging system voltages.
„
Check all electrical wiring and harnesses for proper connection.
Make sure wire insulation is in good condition, and there are no bare
wires.
„
Make sure the engine is mechanically sound. If needed, perform a
compression check, engine vacuum check, timing check (if applicable), etc.
Craftsman 87702
31
Preparation for Testing
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS
Always refer to the manufacturer’s service manual for your vehicle
before performing any test or repair procedures. Contact your local car
dealership, auto parts store or bookstore for availability of these
manuals. The following companies publish valuable repair manuals:
„
Haynes Publications
861 Lawrence Drive
Newbury Park, California 91320
Phone: 800-442-9637
Web: www.haynes.com
„
Mitchell 1
14145 Danielson Street
Poway, California 92064
Phone: 888-724-6742
Web: www.m1products.com
„
Motor Publications
5600 Crooks Road, Suite 200
Troy, Michigan 48098
Phone: 800-426-6867
Web: www.motor.com
FACTORY SOURCES
Ford, GM, Chrysler, Honda, Isuzu, Hyundai and Subaru Service
Manuals
„
32
Helm Inc.
14310 Hamilton Avenue
Highland Park, Michigan 48203
Phone: 800-782-4356
Web: www.helminc.com
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 31
for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See SAFETY FIRST! on page 3 for more information.
1. Turn the ignition off.
2. Locate the vehicle's 16-pin Data Link
Connector (DLC). See page 5 for
connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover
that must be removed before
connecting the Diagnostic Tool
cable connector.
If the Diagnostic Tool is ON, turn it
OFF by pressing the POWER/LINK
button BEFORE connecting
the Diagnostic Tool to the DLC.
3. Connect the Diagnostic Tool cable connector to the vehicle’s DLC.
The cable connector is keyed and will only fit one way.
„
If you have problems connecting the cable connector to the DLC,
rotate the connector 180° and try again.
„
If you still have problems, check the DLC on the vehicle and on
the Diagnostic Tool. Refer to your vehicle’s service manual to
properly check the vehicle’s DLC.
4. When the Diagnostic Tool’s cable
connector is properly connected to the
vehicle’s DLC, the unit automatically
turns ON, and links to the vehicle’s onboard computer.
Craftsman 87702
33
Using the Diagnostic Tool
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
If the unit does not power on automatically when connected to
the vehicle’s DLC connector, it usually indicates there is no
power present at the vehicle’s DLC connector. Check your fuse
panel and replace any burned-out fuses.
„
If replacing the fuse(s) does not correct the problem, consult
your vehicle’s repair manual to identify the proper computer
(PCM) fuse/circuit, and perform any necessary repairs before
proceeding.
5. Turn the ignition on. DO NOT start the engine.
„
The Diagnostic Tool will automatically start a check of the vehicle’s
computer to determine which type of communication protocol it is
using. When the Diagnostic Tool identifies the computer’s
communication protocol, a communication link is established. The
protocol type used by the vehicle’s computer is shown on the LCD
display.
A PROTOCOL is a set of rules and procedures for
regulating data transmission between computers, and
between testing equipment and computers. As of this
writing, five different types of protocols (ISO 9141,
Keyword 2000, J1850 PWM, J1850 VPW and CAN) are in
use by vehicle manufacturers. The Diagnostic Tool
automatically identifies the protocol type and establishes a
communication link with the vehicle’s computer.
6. After approximately 10~60 seconds, the Diagnostic Tool will
retrieve and display any Diagnostic Trouble Codes, Monitor Status
and Freeze Frame Data retrieved from the vehicle’s computer
memory.
„
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to
the vehicle’s computer a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display.
- Verify the connection at the DLC,
and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2 compliant. See VEHICLES
COVERED on page 5 for vehicle compliance verification
information.
„
34
The Diagnostic Tool will automatically re-link to the vehicle’s computer every 30 seconds to refresh
the data being retrieved. When data
is being refreshed, the message
“One moment Auto – link in
progress” is shown on the LCD
display. This action repeats as long
as the Diagnostic Tool is communicating with the vehicle’s
computer.
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
The Diagnostic Tool will display a code only if codes are present
in the vehicle’s computer memory. If no codes (including
“enhanced” codes) are present, a “No Powertrain DTCs or
Freeze Frame Data is presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer” message is displayed.
„
The Diagnostic Tool is capable of retrieving and storing up to 32
codes in memory, for immediate or later viewing.
7. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 9 for a description of LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The I/M Monitor Status icons indicate the type and number of
Monitors the vehicle supports, and provides indications of the
current status of the vehicle’s Monitors. A solid Monitor icon
indicates the associated Monitor has run and completed its
testing. A blinking Monitor icon indicates the associated Monitor
has not run and completed its testing.
„
The upper right hand corner of the display shows the number of the code
currently being displayed, the total
number of codes retrieved, the type of
code and whether or not the displayed
code commanded the MIL on. If the
code being displayed is a PENDING
code, the PENDING icon is shown.
Freeze Frame data is always associated with the “Priority
Code” (identified as Code #1 in the Diagnostic Tool’s display).
If the FREEZE FRAME icon is lit when the “Priority Code”
(Code #1) is displayed on the Diagnostic Tool’s screen, it
indicates that there is Freeze Frame data associated with this
code, and the vehicle’s computer has saved it in its memory.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and related code definition
are shown in the lower section of the LCD display.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is
shown in the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code
display area to indicate the presence of additional
information. Use the
button to view the additional
information.
8. Read and interpret Diagnostic Trouble Codes/system condition
using the LCD display and the green, yellow and red LEDs.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine
engine system conditions.
Craftsman 87702
35
Using the Diagnostic Tool
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
36
„
Green LED – Indicates that all
engine systems are “OK” and
operating normally. All monitors
supported by the vehicle have run
and performed their diagnostic
testing, and no trouble codes are
present. A zero will show on the
Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display, and
all Monitor icons will be solid.
„
Yellow LED – Indicates one of the
following conditions:
A.
PENDING CODE IS PRESENT – If the yellow LED is
illuminated, it may indicate a
Pending code is present. Check
the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD
display for confirmation. A
Pending code is confirmed by
the presence of a numeric code
and the word PENDING on the
Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display.
B.
MONITOR
NOT
RUN
STATUS – If the Diagnostic
Tool’s LCD display shows a
zero (indicating there are no
DTC’s present in the vehicle’s
computer memory), but the
yellow LED is illuminated, it
may be an indication that some of the Monitors supported
by the vehicle have not yet run and completed their
diagnostic testing. Check the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD
display for confirmation. All Monitor icons that are blinking
have not yet run and completed their diagnostic testing; all
Monitor icons that are solid have run and completed their
diagnostic testing.
„
Red LED – Indicates there is a
problem with one or more of the
vehicle’s systems. The red LED is
also used to indicate that DTC(s) are
present (displayed on the Diagnostic
Tool’s screen). In this case, the
Multifunction Indicator (Check Engine)
lamp on the vehicle’s instrument
panel will be illuminated.
„
Flashing Red and Yellow LEDs – Indicates that a "permanent"
code has been set, and one or more of the vehicle’s monitors
has failed its diagnostic testing. A "permanent" DTC can be
cleared only by the vehicle's computer following successful
completion of the monitor that caused the fault to set.
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
„
DTC’s that start with “P0”, “P2” and some “P3” are considered
Generic (Universal). All Generic DTC definitions are the same
on all OBD2 equipped vehicles. The Diagnostic Tool
automatically displays the code definitions for Generic DTC’s.
DTC’s that start with “P1” and some
“P3” are Manufacturer Specific codes
and their code definitions vary with
each vehicle manufacturer. When a
Manufacturer
Specific
DTC
is
retrieved, the LCD display shows a list
of vehicle manufacturers. Use the
DOWN
button to highlight the appropriate manufacturer, then
press the ENTER
button to display the correct code definition for
your vehicle. A confirmation message shows on the LCD display.
- If the correct manufacturer is
shown, use the DOWN
button
to highlight YES, then press the
ENTER
button to continue.
- If the correct manufacturer is not
shown, use the DOWN
button
to highlight NO, then press the
ENTER
button to return to the list of vehicle manufacturers.
If the manufacturer for your vehicle is not listed, use the
button to select More and press the ENTER
DOWN
button for additional manufacturers.
If the Manufacturer Specific
definition for the currently displayed code is not available, an
advisory message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display.
9. If more than one code was retrieved press
the DTC
button, as necessary, to
display additional codes one at a time.
„
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
„
Each time the DTC
button is pressed and released, the
Diagnostic Tool will scroll and display the next DTC in sequence
until all DTCs in its memory have displayed.
„
Freeze Frame Data (if available) will display after DTC #1.
Craftsman 87702
37
Using the Diagnostic Tool
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
In OBD2 systems, when an
emissions-related engine malfunction
occurs that causes a DTC to set, a
record or snapshot of engine
conditions at the time that the
malfunction occurred is also saved in
the vehicle’s computer memory. The
record saved is called Freeze Frame
data. Saved engine conditions include, but are not limited to: engine
speed, open or closed loop operation, fuel system commands,
coolant temperature, calculated load value, fuel pressure, vehicle
speed, air flow rate, and intake manifold pressure.
If more than one malfunction is present that causes more
than one DTC to be set, only the code with the highest
priority will contain Freeze Frame data. The code
designated “01” on the Diagnostic Tool display is referred
to as the PRIORITY code, and Freeze Frame data always
refers to this code. The priority code is also the one that
has commanded the MIL on.
Retrieved information can be uploaded to a Personal
Computer (PC) with the use of optional software (see
instructions included with the software for more information).
10. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the display returns to the first DTC retrieved.
11. Determine engine system(s) condition by viewing the Diagnostic
Tool’s LCD display for any retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes,
code definitions, Freeze Frame data and interpreting the green,
yellow and red LEDs.
38
„
If DTC’s were retrieved and you are going to perform the repairs
yourself, proceed by consulting the Vehicle’s Service Repair
Manual for testing instructions, testing procedures, and flow
charts related to retrieved code(s).
„
If you plan to take the vehicle to a professional to have it
serviced, complete the PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC
WORKSHEET on page 28 and take it together with the retrieved
codes, freeze frame data and LED information to aid in the
troubleshooting procedure.
„
To prolong battery life, the Diagnostic Tool automatically shuts
“Off” approximately three minutes after it is disconnected from
the vehicle. The DTCs retrieved, Monitor Status and Freeze
Frame data (if any) will remain in the Diagnostic Tool’s memory,
and may be viewed at any time by turning the unit “On”. If the
Diagnostic Tool’s batteries are removed, or if the Diagnostic
Tool is re-linked to a vehicle to retrieve codes/data, any prior
codes/data in its memory are automatically cleared.
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
The “enhanced” mode provides the ability to retrieve enhanced DTCs
from most Chrysler/Jeep, Ford/Mazda, GM/Isuzu, Honda/Acura and
Toyota/Lexus vehicles. The types of enhanced data available depends
on the vehicle make. You can also retrieve Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS) DTCs.
To view Enhanced DTCs:
1. With the Diagnostic Tool on the Code
Retrieval screen, press and release the
M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
button to highlight
2. Use the DOWN
Enhanced DTCs, then press the
ENTER
button.
3. The screen shown when Enhanced DTCs is selected from the Main
Menu depends on the type(s) of DTC(s) returned during the code
retrieval process:
„
If no DTCs were retrieved, or only
generic DTCs were retrieved, the
Select Manufacturer screen displays.
Use the DOWN
button to highlight the appropriate manufacturer,
then press the ENTER
button to
view the selected information.
„
If the Diagnostic Tool recognizes the
vehicle make or if a Manufacturer
specific DTC was retrieved, and the
manufacturer selected for the code
was Ford, the Select Data menu
displays. Use the DOWN
button
to highlight the desired option, then
button to view the selected information, or,
press the ENTER
press M
button to exit and return to the Main Menu.
„
If a Manufacturer specific DTC was
retrieved, and the manufacturer
selected for the code was not Chrysler,
Jeep, Ford, Mazda, General Motors,
Isuzu, Honda, Acura, Toyota or Lexus.
An advisory message displays. Press
the M
button to return to the Main
Menu. Enhanced data is not available
for your vehicle.
Craftsman 87702
39
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
Refer to the appropriate paragraph to view enhanced DTCs for your
vehicle:
„
„
„
„
„
Chrysler/Jeep Enhanced DTCs .............page 40
Ford/Mazda Enhanced DTCs ................page 41
GM/Isuzu Enhanced DTCs ....................page 43
Honda/Acura Enhanced DTCs ..............page 44
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced DTCs..............page 46
Chrysler/Jeep Enhanced DTCs
When the Diagnostic Tool enters the “enhanced” mode (and Chrysler is
selected, if prompted), the Diagnostic Tool retrieves enhanced DTCs
from the vehicle’s computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays while the Diagnostic Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to
the vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
-
Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the M
button to
continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 9 for a description of
LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
button to view the additional information.
40
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
„
The Diagnostic Tool will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No Enhanced
DTC’s are presently stored in the
vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the M
button to return to the
Main Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
button, as
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the Diagnostic Tool returns to the “Priority Code”.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the M
Diagnostic Tool returns to the Main Menu screen.
button. The
Ford/Mazda Enhanced DTCs
Mazda Enhanced DTCs are available for Mazda-branded
Ford vehicles only.
When the Diagnostic Tool enters the “enhanced” mode (and Ford is
selected, if prompted), the Ford Enhanced menu displays. You may
view DTCs for either the “Continuous Memory Test”, “KOEO (Key On
Engine Off) Test” or “KOER (Key On Engine Running) Test.”
1. Use the DOWN
button to highlight the
desired option, then press the ENTER
button.
When choosing to view KOER
Test DTCs, start the vehicle’s
engine before making your
selection.
„
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to
the vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
- Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the M button to continue.
Craftsman 87702
41
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
„
If the KOER Test was selected, and
the vehicle’s engine is not running,
an advisory message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
- Start the vehicle’s engine, then
press the ENTER
button to
continue.
2. An “instructional” message shows on the Diagnostic Tool’s display.
Perform test procedures as appropriate.
„
If the Continuous Memory or KOEO
test was selected, turn the ignition
OFF, then back ON. Press the
ENTER
button to start the test.
- A “One moment please” message
displays while the test is in
progress.
„
If the KOER test was selected, press
the ENTER
button to continue.
- A “One moment please” message
displays while the test is in
progress.
- Turn the steering wheel to the
right, then release.
- Press and release the brake pedal.
- Cycle the overdrive switch (if equipped).
3. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 9 for a description of
LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are shown
in the lower section of the LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
„
„
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
button to view the additional information.
42
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
„
The Diagnostic Tool will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No Enhanced
DTC’s are presently stored in the
vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the M
button to return to
the Ford Enhanced menu.
4. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
button, as
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
5. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the Diagnostic Tool returns to the “Priority Code”.
„ To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the M
Diagnostic Tool returns to the Main Menu screen.
button. The
General Motors/Isuzu Enhanced DTCs
When the Diagnostic Tool enters the “enhanced” mode (and GM is
selected, if prompted), the Diagnostic Tool retrieves enhanced DTCs
from the vehicle’s computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays while the Diagnostic Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to
the vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
- Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the M
button to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
on page 9 for a description of LCD
display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the
Diagnostic Tool is being powered
through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the
Diagnostic Tool is linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
Craftsman 87702
43
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
„
The upper right hand corner of the display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and related code definition
are shown in the lower section of the LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing Freeze
Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the upper/lower
right-hand corner of the code display area to indicate the
button to
presence of additional information. Use the
view the additional information.
„
The Diagnostic Tool will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No Enhanced
DTC’s are presently stored in the
vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the M
button to return to
the GM Enhanced menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
button, as
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the Diagnostic Tool returns to the “Priority Code”.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the M
Diagnostic Tool returns to the Main Menu screen.
button. The
Honda/Acura Enhanced DTCs
When the Diagnostic Tool enters the
“enhanced” mode (and Honda is selected, if
prompted), the Diagnostic Tool retrieves
enhanced DTCs from the vehicle’s
computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays while the Diagnostic Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
44
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to
the vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
-
Verify the ignition is ON, then press the M
button to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 9 for a description of
LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
button to view the additional information.
„
The Diagnostic Tool will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No Enhanced
DTC’s are presently stored in the
vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the M
button to return to the
Main Menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
button, as
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the Diagnostic Tool returns to the “Priority Code”.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4, above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the M
Diagnostic Tool returns to the Main Menu screen.
Craftsman 87702
button. The
45
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCS
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced DTCs
When the Diagnostic Tool enters the
“enhanced mode” (and Toyota is selected,
if prompted), the Diagnostic Tool retrieves
enhanced DTCs from the vehicle’s
computer.
1. A “One moment please” message
displays, while the Diagnostic Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to
the vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s Display.
- Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the M
button to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 9 for a description of
LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
button to view the additional information.
„
46
The Diagnostic Tool will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a “No Enhanced
DTC’s are presently stored in the
vehicle’s computer” is displayed.
Press the M
button to return to
the Toyota Enhanced menu.
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ABS DTCs
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
button, as
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the Diagnostic Tool returns to the “Priority Code”.
„ To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the M
Diagnostic Tool returns to the Main Menu screen.
button. The
VIEWING ABS DTCs
Refer to VEHICLE APPLICATIONS – MAKES COVERED on
page 71 for vehicles covered.
Reading ABS DTCs
1. From the OBD2 DTC screen or Enhanced DTC screen, press the
ABS
button.
„
If no OBD2 DTCs were retrieved, or
only generic DTCs were retrieved, the
Select Manufacturer screen displays.
Use the DOWN
button to highlight
the appropriate manufacturer, then
press the ENTER
button to
continue, or, highlight Exit and press
the ENTER
button to return to the
previous Menu.
„
The Diagnostic Tool will start a check
of the vehicle’s computer to determine
which type of communication protocol
it is using. When the Diagnostic Tool
identifies the computer’s communication protocol, a communication link is
established.
2. A "One moment please" message displays while the Diagnostic Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the vehicle does not support ABS
communication, an advisory message
shows on the Diagnostic Tool’s
display. Press the M
button to
return to the Main Menu display.
Craftsman 87702
47
Using the Diagnostic Tool
VIEWING ABS DTCs
„
If the Diagnostic Tool fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Linking Failed”
message shows on the Diagnostic
Tool’s display.
- Verify the connection at the DLC,
and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then turn back ON to reset
the computer.
3. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 9 for a description of
LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is being
powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Diagnostic Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
If the definition for the currently
displayed code is not available, an
advisory message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are
not displayed when viewing ABS
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown in
the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area to
indicate the presence of additional information. Use the
DOWN
button to view the additional information.
„
The Diagnostic Tool will display a
code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no
codes are present, a "No ABS DTC’s
are presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer" is displayed. Press the M
button to return to the previous
Menu.
4. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC
necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
48
button, as
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
„
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Diagnostic Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the
POWER/LINK
button again.
5. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the Diagnostic Tool returns to the “Priority Code”.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, press the M
Diagnostic Tool returns to the Main Menu screen.
button. The
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
When the Diagnostic Tool’s ERASE function is used to
erase DTCs from the vehicle's on-board computer,
"Freeze Frame" data and manufacturer-specific-enhanced
data are also erased. "Permanent" DTCs ARE NOT erased
by the ERASE function.
If you plan to take the vehicle to a Service Center for repair, DO NOT
erase the codes from the vehicle's computer. If the codes are erased,
valuable information that might help the technician troubleshoot the
problem will also be erased.
Erase DTCs from the computer's memory as follows:
When DTCs are erased from the vehicle's computer memory, the
I/M Readiness Monitor Status program resets the status of all
Monitors to a not run "flashing" condition. To set all of the Monitors
to a DONE status, an OBD2 Drive Cycle must be performed.
Refer to your vehicle's service manual for information on how to
perform an OBD2 Drive Cycle for the vehicle under test.
The Diagnostic Tool must be connected to the vehicle’s DLC
to erase the codes from the computer’s memory. If you press
the ERASE
button when the Diagnostic Tool is not
connected to the vehicle’s DLC, the erase instruction screen
displays.
1. If not connected already, connect the
Diagnostic Tool to the vehicle's DLC,
and turn the ignition "On.” (If the
Diagnostic Tool is already connected
and linked to the vehicle's computer,
proceed directly to step 3. If not,
continue to step 2.)
2. Perform the Code Retrieval procedure
as described on page 33.
„
To erase OBD2 DTCs: Wait until
the codes are displayed on the
Diagnostic Tool’s LCD and then
proceed to step 3.
Craftsman 87702
49
Using the Diagnostic Tool
ABOUT REPAIRSOLUTIONS®
„
To erase Enhanced or ABS DTCs: Perform the Code Retrieval
procedure for Enhanced DTCs as described on page 39 or for
ABS DTCs as described on page 47. Wait until the codes are
displayed on the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD and then proceed to
step 3.
3. Press and release the ERASE
shows on the LCD display.
„
button. A confirmation message
If you are sure you want to proceed,
button to
use the DOWN
highlight YES, then press the
ENTER
button.
-
If you do not want to continue
with the erase process, use the
DOWN
button to highlight
NO, then press the ENTER
button.
4. If you chose to erase DTCs, a progress
screen displays while the erase function
is in progress.
„
If the erase was successful, a
confirmation message shows on the
display. Press the POWER/LINK
button to re-link the Tool to the vehicle.
„
If the erase was not successful, an
advisory message shows on the
display indicating the erase request
was sent to the vehicle’s computer.
Erasing DTCs does not fix the problem(s) that caused the code(s)
to be set. If proper repairs to correct the problem that caused the
code(s) to be set are not made, the code(s) will appear again (and
the check engine light will illuminate) as soon as the vehicle is
driven long enough for its Monitors to complete their testing.
ABOUT REPAIRSOLUTIONS®
RepairSolutions® is a web-based service created to assist both the doit-yourselfer and professional technicians in quickly and accurately
diagnosing and repairing today’s vehicles. RepairSolutions® allows you
to view, save, and email the diagnostic data retrieved from a vehicle’s
on-board computer(s) using the Diagnostic Tool. RepairSolutions® also
provides access to an extensive knowledge database including:
50
„
Verified Fixes – Find the most likely fixes reported and verified by
ASE Technicians for the retrieved DTCs.
„
Step-By-Step Repair Instructions – View available repair
instructions to properly perform the fix.
„
How-To-Repair Videos – Watch repair video tutorials for valuable
repair tips.
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
I/M READINESS TESTING
„
Technical Service Bulletins – Research known problems reported
by vehicle manufacturers.
„
Safety Recalls – Research known safety concerns applicable to a
vehicle.
And much more. Please visit www.innova.com for additional information.
Hardware Requirements:
„
Diagnostic Tool
„
Mini USB Cable (included with tool)
Minimum System Operating Requirements:
„
Windows® PC System
„
Windows® XP, Windows® Vista, or Windows® 7
„
128 MD Ram
„
Pentium III Processor
„
One available USB port
„
Internet Connection
„
Internet Explorer 5.5, Netscape 7.0 or Firefox 1.0 browser
Accessing RepairSolutions®
1. Link your Diagnostic Tool to a vehicle and retrieve diagnostic data
(refer to CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE on page 33 for details).
2. Visit www.innova.com, download and install the latest
RepairSolutions® software for you Diagnostic Tool. Select the
Support tab, then choose Download.
3. Connect the Diagnostic Tool to your PC using a Mini USB cable
(cable included).
„
Your default web browser launches automatically and connects
to the www.innova.com website.
4. Login to your RepairSolutions® account using your registered Email
Address and Password.
If you have not yet established an account, you must
register for a FREE RepairSolutions® account before
proceeding.
I/M READINESS TESTING
I/M is an Inspection and Maintenance program legislated by the
Government to meet federal clean-air standards.
The program requires that a vehicle be taken periodically to an
Emissions Station for an "Emissions Test" or "Smog Check,” where the
emissions-related components and systems are inspected and tested
for proper operation. Emissions Tests are generally performed once a
year, or once every two years.
Craftsman 87702
51
Using the Diagnostic Tool
I/M READINESS TESTING
On OBD2 systems, the I/M program is enhanced by requiring vehicles
to meet stricter test standards. One of the tests instituted by the Federal
Government is called I/M 240. On I/M 240, the vehicle under test is
driven under different speeds and load conditions on a dynamometer for
240 seconds, while the vehicle's emissions are measured.
Emissions tests vary depending on the geographic or regional
area in which the vehicle is registered. If the vehicle is
registered in a highly urbanized area, the I/M 240 is probably
the type of test required. If the vehicle is registered in a rural
area, the stricter “dynamometer type” test may not be required.
I/M Readiness Monitors
I/M Readiness shows whether the various emissions-related systems on
the vehicle are operating properly and are ready for Inspection and
Maintenance testing.
State and Federal Governments enacted Regulations, Procedures and
Emission Standards to ensure that all emissions-related components
and systems are continuously or periodically monitored, tested and
diagnosed whenever the vehicle is in operation. It also requires vehicle
manufacturers to automatically detect and report any problems or faults
that may increase the vehicle's emissions to an unacceptable level.
The vehicle's emissions control system consists of several components
or sub-systems (Oxygen Sensor, Catalytic Converter, EGR, Fuel
System, etc.) that aid in reducing vehicle emissions.
To have an efficient Vehicle Emission Control System, all the emissionsrelated components and systems must work correctly whenever the
vehicle is in operation.
To comply with State and Federal Government regulations, vehicle
manufacturers designed a series of special computer programs called
"Monitors" that are programmed into the vehicle's computer. Each of
these Monitors is specifically designed to run tests and diagnostics on a
specific emissions-related component or system (Oxygen Sensor,
Catalytic Converter, EGR Valve, Fuel System, etc.) to ensure their
proper operation. Currently, there are a maximum of eleven Monitors
available for use.
To learn more about Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
(I/M) Readiness Monitors, see OBD2 MONITORS on page 23.
Each Monitor has a specific function to test
and diagnose only its designated emissionsrelated component or system. The names of
the Monitors (Oxygen Sensor Monitor, Catalyst
Monitor, EGR Monitor, Misfire Monitor, etc.)
describe which component or system each
Monitor is designed to test and diagnose.
52
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
I/M READINESS TESTING
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) Readiness
Monitor Status Information
I/M Readiness Monitor Status shows which of the vehicle's Monitors
have run and completed their diagnosis and testing, and which ones
have not yet run and completed testing and diagnosis of their
designated sections of the vehicle's emissions system.
„
If a Monitor was able to meet all the conditions required to enable it
to perform the self-diagnosis and testing of its assigned engine
system, it means the monitor "HAS RUN.”
„
If a Monitor has not yet met all the conditions required for it to
perform the self-diagnosis and testing of its assigned engine system;
it means the Monitor "HAS NOT RUN.”
The Monitor Run/Not Run status does not show whether
or not a problem exists in a system. Monitor status only
indicates whether a particular Monitor has or has not run
and performed the self-diagnosis and testing of its
associated system.
Performing I/M Readiness Quick Check
When a vehicle first comes from the factory, all Monitors
indicate a “HAVE RUN” status. This indicates that all Monitors
have run and completed their diagnostic testing. The “HAVE
RUN” status remains in the computer's memory, unless the
Diagnostic Trouble Codes are erased or the vehicle's
computer memory is cleared.
The Diagnostic Tool allows you to retrieve Monitor/System Status
Information to help you determine if the vehicle is ready for an
Emissions Test (Smog Check). In addition to retrieving Diagnostic
Trouble Codes, the Diagnostic Tool also retrieves Monitor Run/Not Run
status. This information is very important since different areas of the
state/country have different emissions laws and regulations concerning
Monitor Run/Not Run status.
Before an Emissions Test (Smog Check) can be performed, your
vehicle must meet certain rules, requirements and procedures legislated
by the Federal and state (country) governments where you live.
1. In most areas, one of the requirements that must be met before a
vehicle is allowed to be Emissions Tested (Smog Checked) is that
the vehicle does not have any Diagnostic Trouble Codes present
(with the exception of PENDING Diagnostic Trouble Codes).
2. In addition to the requirement that no Diagnostic Trouble Codes be
present, some areas also require that all the Monitors that a
particular vehicle supports indicate a "Has Run" status condition
before an Emissions Check may be performed.
3. Other areas may only require that some (but not all) Monitors
indicate a "Has Run" status before an Emissions Test (Smog Check)
may be performed.
Craftsman 87702
53
Using the Diagnostic Tool
I/M READINESS TESTING
Monitors with a "Has Run" status indicate that all the
required conditions they needed to perform diagnosis and
testing of their assigned engine area (system) have been
met, and all diagnostic testing has completed successfully.
Monitors with a "Has Not Run" status have not yet met the
conditions they need to perform diagnosis and testing of
their assigned engine area (system), and have not been
able to perform diagnostic testing on that system.
The green, yellow and red LEDs provide a quick way to help you
determine if a vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
Follow the instructions below to perform the Quick Check.
Perform the CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE as described on page
33, then interpret the LED indications as follows:
Interpreting I/M Readiness Test Results
1. GREEN LED - Indicates that all engine
systems are "OK" and operating
normally (all Monitors supported by the
vehicle have run and performed their
self-diagnostic testing). The vehicle is
ready for an Emissions Test (Smog
Check), and there is a good possibility
that it can be certified.
2. YELLOW LED - Determine from the
CODE
RETRIEVAL
PROCEDURE
(page 33) which of the two possible
conditions is causing the yellow LED to light.
„
If a "PENDING" Diagnostic Trouble
Code is causing the yellow LED to
light, it is possible that the vehicle will
be allowed to be tested for emissions
and certified. Currently, most areas
(states / countries) will allow an
Emissions Test (Smog Check) to be
performed if the only code in the
vehicle's computer is a "PENDING"
Diagnostic Trouble Code.
„
If the illumination of the Yellow LED is being caused by monitors
that “have not run” their diagnostic testing, then the issue of the
vehicle being ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check) depends
on the emissions regulations and laws of your local area.
- Some areas require that all
Monitors indicate a "Has Run"
status before they allow an
Emissions Test (Smog Check) to
be performed. Other areas only
require that some, but not all,
Monitors have run their selfdiagnostic testing before an
Emissions Test (Smog Check)
may be performed.
54
Craftsman 87702
Using the Diagnostic Tool
I/M READINESS TESTING
From the code retrieval procedure, determine the status of
each Monitor (a solid Monitor icon shows Monitor "Has Run"
status, a flashing Monitor icon indicates "Has Not Run" status).
Take this information to an emissions professional to
determine (based on your test results) if your vehicle is ready
for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
3. RED LED - Indicates there is a problem
with one or more of the vehicle's systems.
A vehicle displaying a red LED is definitely
not ready for an Emissions Test (Smog
Check). The red LED is also an indication
that there are Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
present (displayed on the Diagnostic
Tool's screen). The Multifunction Indicator
(Check Engine) Lamp on the vehicle's
instrument panel will light steady. The
problem that is causing the red LED to
light must be repaired before an Emissions Test (Smog Check) can be
performed. It is also suggested that the vehicle be inspected/repaired
before driving the vehicle further.
4. Flashing Red and Yellow LEDs – Indicates that a "permanent"
code has been set, and one or more of the vehicle’s monitors has
failed its diagnostic testing. A "permanent" DTC can be cleared only
by the vehicle's computer following successful completion of the
monitor that caused the fault to set.
If the Red LED or flashing RED and YELLOW LEDs were obtained,
there is a definite problem present in the system(s). In these cases,
you have the following options.
„
Repair the vehicle yourself. If you are going to perform the
repairs yourself, proceed by reading the vehicle service manual
and following all its procedures and recommendations.
„
Take the vehicle to a professional to have it serviced. The
problem(s) causing the red LED to light must be repaired before
the vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
On some vehicle models, the computer will store non-emission
related DTCs. These DTCs will not command the MIL on since
they are not emission related. If the Diagnostic Tool retrieves
one of these types of codes, the MIL will not be commanded
on, and the Yellow LED on the Diagnostic Tool will be
illuminated. In most cases, these types of codes will not
prevent the Emissions Test from being performed.
Using the I/M Readiness Monitor Status to Confirm a Repair
The I/M Readiness Monitor Status function can be used (after repair of a
fault has been performed) to confirm that the repair has been performed
correctly, and/or to check for Monitor Run Status. Use the following
procedure to determine I/M Readiness Monitor Status:
1. Using retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and code
definitions as a guide, and following manufacturer's repair
procedures, repair the fault or faults as instructed.
Craftsman 87702
55
Using the Diagnostic Tool
I/M READINESS TESTING
2. After the fault or faults have been repaired, connect the Diagnostic
Tool to the vehicle's DLC and erase the code or codes from the
vehicle's computer memory.
„
See page 47 for procedures for ERASING DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) from the vehicle's on-board computer.
„
Write the codes down on a piece of paper for reference before
erasing.
3. After the erase procedure is performed, most of the Monitor icons on
the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display will be flashing. Leave the
Diagnostic Tool connected to the vehicle, and perform a Trip Drive
Cycle for each "flashing" Monitor:
Misfire, Fuel and Comprehensive Component Monitors run
continuously and their icons will always be on solid, even after
the erase function is performed.
„
Each DTC is associated with a specific Monitor. Consult the
vehicle's service manual to identify the Monitor (or Monitors)
associated with the faults that were repaired. Follow the
manufacturer's procedures to perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the
appropriate Monitors.
„
While observing the Monitor icons on the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD
display, perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the appropriate Monitor or
Monitors.
If the vehicle needs to be driven in order to perform a Trip
Drive Cycle, ALWAYS have a second person help you.
One person should drive the vehicle while the other
person observes the Monitor icons on the Diagnostic Tool
for Monitor RUN status. Trying to drive and observe the
Diagnostic Tool at the same time is dangerous, and could
cause a serious traffic accident.
4. When a Monitor's Trip Drive Cycle is performed properly, the
Monitor icon on the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD display changes from
"flashing" to "solid,” indicating that the Monitor has run and finished
its diagnostic testing.
56
„
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash is not
lit, and no stored or pending codes associated with that
particular Monitor are present in the vehicle's computer, the
repair was successful.
„
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash lights
and/or a DTC associated with that Monitor is present in the
vehicle's computer, the repair was unsuccessful. Refer to the
vehicle's service manual and recheck repair procedures.
Craftsman 87702
Additional Functions
PERFORMING A SYSTEM VOLTAGE CHECK
PERFORMING A SYSTEM VOLTAGE CHECK
The Diagnostic Tool can perform a check of the vehicle’s battery and
charging system to ensure the system is operating within acceptable
limits. You can perform a battery check only, or a charging system
(battery and alternator) check.
To perform a battery check ONLY:
1. With the Diagnostic Tool on the Code
Retrieval screen, press and release the
M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
2. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
System Voltage Check, then press the
button.
ENTER
„
A “One moment please” message displays, while the Diagnostic
Tool retrieves the requested information.
3. When the battery check is complete, a
results screen displays the current
Battery Voltage, and indicates whether
or not the voltage is within acceptable
limits. The System Status LEDs provide
a PASS/FAIL indication, as follows:
„
Green = PASS
„
Yellow = Caution/LOW
„
Red = FAIL
4. Press the M
button to return to the Main Menu.
To perform a charging system check:
1. Start the engine.
2. With the Diagnostic Tool on the Code
Retrieval screen, press and release the
M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
button to highlight
3. Use the DOWN
System Voltage Check, then press the
button.
ENTER
„
A “One moment please” message
displays, while the Diagnostic Tool
retrieves the requested information.
4. When the battery check is complete, a
results screen displays the current
Battery Voltage.
5. Press the ENTER
„
button to perform the alternator check.
An instructional screen displays.
Craftsman 87702
57
Additional Functions
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
6. Press the accelerator pedal to raise
engine speed to 1500~1700 RPM, and
maintain the engine speed for 10
seconds.
„
When engine speed is within the
required range, the alternator test
begins. A progress screen shows
the Engine RPM and Count down
(time remaining until the test is
complete).
7. When the alternator check is complete,
a results screen displays the current
Alternator Voltage, and indicates
whether or not the voltage is within
acceptable limits. The System Status
LEDs provide a PASS/FAIL indication,
as follows:
„
Green = PASS
„
Yellow = Caution/LOW
„
Red = FAIL
„
If the alternator voltage is less than
9 V, the red, yellow and green
SYSTEM STATUS LEDs will flash
on and off.
8. Press the M
button to return to the Main Menu.
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
The Diagnostic Tool offers three options for retrieving reference
information for the vehicle under test; Vehicle ID, Available Modules
and IPT (In-use Performance Tracking).
Retrieving Vehicle ID Information
The Vehicle ID function is applicable to model year 2000 and
newer OBD2-compliant vehicles.
The Diagnostic Tool can retrieve a list of information (provided by the
vehicle manufacturer), unique to the vehicle under test, from the
vehicle's on-board computer. This information may include:
„
The vehicle's VIN number
„
The control module identification number
„
The vehicle's calibration ID(s). These IDs uniquely identify the
software version(s) for the vehicle's control module(s).
„
The Vehicle's Calibration Verification Number(s) (CVNs) required by
ODB2 regulations. CVNs are used to determine if emission-related
calibrations for the vehicle under test have been changed. One or
more CVNs may be returned by the vehicle's computer.
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M
58
button.
Craftsman 87702
Additional Functions
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION
„
The Main Menu displays.
button to highlight
2. Use the DOWN
Vehicle Info, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Vehicle Info Menu displays.
button to highlight
3. Use the DOWN
Vehicle ID, then press the ENTER
button.
4. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the requested information is
retrieved from the vehicle's computer.
The first time the Vehicle ID function is used, it may take several
minutes to retrieve the information from the vehicle's computer.
5. When the retrieval process is completed,
the vehicle ID information is shown on
the Diagnostic Tool’s display. Use the
DOWN
button to view the entire list.
6. When you have finished viewing the
retrieved vehicle ID information, press
the M
button to exit.
Viewing Available Modules
The Diagnostic Tool can retrieve a list of modules supported by the
vehicle under test.
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
button to highlight
2. Use the DOWN
Vehicle Info, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Vehicle Info Menu displays.
3. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Available Modules, then press the
ENTER
button.
4. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the requested information
is retrieved from the vehicle's computer.
5. When the retrieval process is completed,
a complete list of modules supported by
the vehicle under test is shown on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display. Use the
DOWN
button to view the entire list.
Craftsman 87702
59
Additional Functions
USING THE DTC LIBRARY
6. When you have finished viewing the list of available modules, press
the M
button to exit.
Viewing In-use Performance Tracking (IPT)
The Diagnostic Tool can retrieve In-use Performance Tracking (IPT)
statistics for monitors supported by the vehicle under test. Two values
are returned for each monitor; the number of times that all conditions
necessary for a specific monitor to detect a malfunction have been
encountered (XXXCOND), and the number of times that the vehicle has
been operated under the specific conditions for the monitor (XXXCOMP).
Statistics are also provided for the number of times the vehicle has been
operated in OBD monitoring conditions (OBDCOND), and the number of
times the vehicle’s engine has been started (IGNCNTR).
1. While linked to a vehicle, press the M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
button to highlight
2. Use the DOWN
Vehicle Info, then press the ENTER
button.
„
The Vehicle Info Menu displays.
3. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
IPT, then press the ENTER
button.
4. A “One moment please . . .” message
displays while the requested information
is retrieved from the vehicle’s computer.
„
If In-use Performance Tracking is
not supported by the vehicle under
test, an advisory message shows on
the Diagnostic Tool’s display. Press
the M
button to exit.
5. When the retrieval process is completed,
In-use Performance Tracking statistics
for monitors supported by the vehicle
under test are shown on the Diagnostic
Tool’s display. Use the DOWN
button
to view the entire list.
6. When you have finished viewing the
button to exit.
statistics, press the M
USING THE DTC LIBRARY
The DTC Library function lets you search the library of OBD2 DTC
definitions.
1. While linked to a vehicle, press and release the M
60
button.
Craftsman 87702
Additional Functions
USING THE DTC LIBRARY
„
The Main Menu displays.
button to highlight
2. Use the DOWN
DTC Library in the Menu, then press
the ENTER
button.
„
The Enter DTC screen displays. The
screen shows the code “P0001”,
with the “P” highlighted.
3. Use the DOWN
button, as necessary,
to scroll to the desired DTC type
(P=Powertrain, U=Network, B=Body,
C=Chassis), then press the DTC
button.
„
The selected character displays “solid”, and the next character is
highlighted.
4. Select the remaining characters in the DTC in the same way,
button to confirm each character. When you
pressing the DTC
button
have selected all the DTC characters, press the ENTER
to view the DTC definition.
„
If you entered a “Generic” DTC
(DTCs that start with “P0”, “P2” and
some “P3”):
- The selected DTC and DTC
definition (if available), show on
the Diagnostic Tool’s LCD
display.
„
If you entered a “ManufacturerSpecific” DTC (DTCs that start with
“P1” and some “P3”):
- The “Select Manufacturer” screen
displays.
- Use the DOWN
button, as
necessary, to highlight the appropriate manufacturer, then press
the ENTER
button to display
the correct DTC for your vehicle.
If a definition for the DTC you
entered is not available, an
advisory message shows on the
Diagnostic Tool’s display.
5. If you wish to view definitions for additional DTCs, press the ENTER
button to return to the DTC Library screen, and repeat steps 2
and 3.
6. When all desired DTCs have been viewed, press the M
exit the DTC Library.
Craftsman 87702
button to
61
Additional Functions
VIEWING THE FIRMWARE VERSION - ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS
VIEWING THE FIRMWARE VERSION
The Firmware Version function displays the firmware version,
bootloader version and database version for the Diagnostic Tool.
1. While linked to a vehicle, press and
release the M
button.
„
The Main Menu displays.
2. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Firmware Version in the Menu, then
button.
press the ENTER
„
The Firmware Version screen displays.
„
The screen shows the Diagnostic
Tool’s current firmware version,
bootloader version and data base
version.
3. Press the M
Menu.
button to return to the
ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS
The Diagnostic Tool lets you make several adjustments and settings to
configure the Diagnostic Tool to your particular needs. It also contains
an OBD2 DTC Library that allows you to search for DTC definitions. The
following functions, adjustments and settings can be performed when
the Diagnostic Tool is in “MENU Mode”:
„
Adjust Brightness: Adjusts the brightness of the LCD display
screen.
„
Audible Tone: Turns the Diagnostic Tool’s audible tone “on” and
“off.” When turned “on,” a tone sounds each time a button is pressed.
„
Display Backlight: Turns the display backlight on and off.
„
Select Language: Sets the display language for the Diagnostic Tool
to English, French or Spanish.
„
Unit of Measurement: Sets the Unit of Measurement for the
Diagnostic Tool’s display to USA or Metric.
Adjustments and settings can be made only when the
Diagnostic Tool is NOT connected to a vehicle.
To enter the MENU Mode:
1. With the Diagnostic Tool on the Code
Retrieval screen, press the M
button.
„
62
The Main Menu displays.
Craftsman 87702
Additional Functions
ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS
2. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Tool Settings, then press the ENTER
button.
„ The Tool Setting Menu displays.
3. Make adjustments and settings as
described in the following paragraphs.
Adjusting Display Brightness
1. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Adjust Brightness in the Menu, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Adjust Brightness screen displays.
„
The Brightness field shows the
current brightness setting, from 1-4.
2. Press the DOWN
button to increase
the brightness of the LCD display (make
the display lighter).
„
When the maximum brightness
setting is reached and the DOWN
button is pressed, the display returns
to the minimum brightness setting.
3. When the desired brightness is obtained, press the ENTER
button to save your changes and return to the Menu.
To exit the Adjust Brightness screen and return to the Menu
without making changes, press the M
button.
Enabling the Audible Tone
1. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Audible Tone in the Menu, then press
the ENTER
button.
„
The Audible Tone screen displays.
button, as
2. Press the DOWN
necessary, to highlight ON or OFF as
desired.
3. When the desired option is selected,
button to save your
press the ENTER
changes and return to the Menu.
To exit the Audible Tone screen and return to the Menu
without making changes, press the M
button.
Craftsman 87702
63
Additional Functions
ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS
Using the Backlight
1. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Display Backlight in the Menu, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Display Backlight screen displays.
2. Press the DOWN
button, as
necessary, to select the desired
backlight mode, either ON or OFF.
3. When the desired backlight mode is
selected, press the ENTER
button to
save your changes.
„
The display returns to the Menu, and the backlight turns “on” or
“off” as selected.
To exit the Display Backlight screen and return to the Menu
without making changes, press the M
button.
Selecting the Display Language
1. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Select Language in the Menu, then
press the ENTER
button.
„
The Select Language screen displays.
„
The currently selected
Language is highlighted.
display
2. Press the DOWN
button, as
necessary, to highlight the desired
display language.
3. When the desired display language is
highlighted, press the ENTER
button to
save your changes and return to the Menu
(shown in the selected display language).
To exit the Select Language screen and return to the Menu
without making changes, press the M
button.
Setting the Unit of Measurement
1. Use the DOWN
button to highlight
Unit of Measurement in the Menu,
button.
then press the ENTER
64
Craftsman 87702
Additional Functions
VIEWING DTCs IN THE TOOL’S MEMORY
„
The Unit of Measurement screen
displays.
„
The currently selected Unit
Measurement is highlighted.
of
2. Press the DOWN
button, as
necessary, to highlight the desired Unit
of Measurement.
3. When the desired Unit of Measurement value is selected, press the
ENTER
button to save your changes and return to the Menu.
To exit the Unit of Measurement screen and return to the
Menu without making changes, press the M
button.
Exiting the MENU Mode
button.
1. Press the M
„ The LCD display returns to the DTC screen (if data is currently
stored in the Diagnostic Tool’s memory) or the “To Link” screen
(if no data is stored).
VIEWING DTCs IN THE TOOL’S MEMORY
To view DTCs and other diagnostic data stored in the Diagnostic Tool’s
memory, do the following:
1. With the DLC cable not connected to
the Diagnostic Tool, press the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the
Tool “on.”
2. If DTCs are present in the Diagnostic
Tool’s memory, the first stored DTC will
display on the screen.
„
If more than one DTC is present,
use the DTC
button to scroll
through the DTCs.
3. Saved Freeze Frame data and monitor
status are also available. Press the DTC
button to view Freeze Frame data
for the “priority” DTC (DTC #1).
4. If no DTCs are stored in the Diagnostic
Tool’s memory, a “No DTCs or Freeze
Frame Data is presently stored in the
tool’s memory” message displays.
Craftsman 87702
65
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
The following is a list of Generic (Global) PIDs and their descriptions.
Tool
Display
ACC Pedal D
ACC Pedal E
ACC Pedal F
Air Status
Ambient
Aux Input
Status
BARO
Unit
%
%
%
*C /
*F
-
Value
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
UPS, DNS,
OFF
XXX
PID Description
Accelerator Pedal Position D
Accelerator Pedal Position E
Accelerator Pedal Position F
Commanded Secondary Air Status
Ambient Air Temperature
On / Off
Auxiliary Input Status
kPa
/inHg
%
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
%
XXX /
XX.X
XXX.X
XXXX.X
Barometric Pressure
XXX.X
Calculated LOAD Value
Catalyst Temperature Bank 1Sensor 1
Catalyst Temperature Bank 1Sensor 2
Catalyst Temperature Bank 2Sensor 1
Catalyst Temperature Bank 2Sensor 2
Commanded EGR
%
XXX.X
Commanded Evaporative Purge
%
XXX.X
Commanded Throttle Actuator
XXXXX
Distance since DTC Cleared
XXXXX
Distance Traveled while MIL ON
ECU Volts
EGR Error
Eng RPM
EQ Ratio
EQ Ratio 11
km
/mile
km
/mile
s
*C /
*F
V
%
min
-
EQ Ratio 12
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 13
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 14
-
X.XXX
Calc LOAD
CAT Temp 11
CAT Temp 12
CAT Temp 21
CAT Temp 22
Command
EGR
Command
EVAP
Command
TAC
Dist DTC Clr
Dist MIL ON
ECT
66
XXXX.X
XXXX.X
XXXX.X
XXX / XXX
XX.XXX
XXX.X
XXXXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Engine Coolant Temp
Control Module Voltage
EGR Error
Engine RPM
Commanded Equivalence Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 Equivalence
Craftsman 87702
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
Unit
Value
EQ Ratio 21
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 22
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 23
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 24
-
X.XXX
EVAP Press
Pa
/in
H2O
kPa
/PSI
%
kPa
/PSI
kPa
/PSI
*C /
*F
%
%
%
%
%
g/s ;l
b/min
kPa
/PSI
hrs,
min
-
XXXX.XX
/XX.XXX
FP / Vac
Fuel Level
Fuel Press
Fuel Press
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
IAT
LOAD Value
LTFT B1
LTFT B2
LTFT B3
LTFT B4
MAF
MAP
MIL On Time
Monitor Status
O2S B1 S1
O2S B1 S1
V
mA
Craftsman 87702
XXXX.XXX
/XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX /
XX.X
XXXXX
/XXXX.X
OL
CL
OL-Drive
OL-Fault
CL-Fault
OL
CL
OL-Drive
OL-Fault
CL-Fault
XXX / XXX
PID Description
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 Equivalence
Ratio
Evap System Vapor Pressure
Fuel Rail Pressure relative
toVacuum
Fuel Level Input
Fuel Rail Pressure
Fuel Rail Pressure
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Intake Air Temperature
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.XX
/XXXX.X
XXX /
XX.X
XXXX, XX
Absolute Load Value
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 1
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 2
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 3
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 4
Air Flow Rate from Mass Air Flow
Sensor
Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure
ICONS on
Display
X.XXX
X.XXX
Monitor Status this Driving Cycle
Engine Run Time while MIL ON
Bank 1 - Sensor 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 O2S Current
67
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
mA
O2S B1 S1 V
O2S B1 S2
O2S B1 S2
mA
O2S B1 S2 V
O2S B1 S3
O2S B1 S3
mA
O2S B1 S3 V
O2S B1 S4
O2S B1 S4
mA
O2S B1 S4 V
O2S B2 S1
O2S B2 S1
mA
O2S B2 S1 V
O2S B2 S2
O2S B2 S2
mA
O2S B2 S2 V
O2S B2 S3
O2S B2 S3
mA
O2S B2 S3 V
O2S B2 S4
O2S B2 S4
mA
O2S B2 S4 V
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
68
Unit
Value
PID Description
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 2
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 3
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 4
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 1
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 3
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 4
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 O2S Current
V
-
X.XXX
O2S11
O2S12
O2S13
O2S14
O2S21
O2S22
O2S23
O2S24
O2S11
O2S12
O2S21
O2S22
O2S31
O2S32
O2S41
O2S42
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 O2S Voltage
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 3
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 4
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 3
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 4
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 3, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 3, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 4, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 4, Sensor 2
Craftsman 87702
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
Unit
-
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
Value
OBD2
OBD
OBD and
OBD2
OBD1
No OBD
EOBD
EOBD and
OBD2
EOBD and
OBD
EOBD,
OBD and
OBD2
JOBD
JOBD and
OBD2
JOBD and
EOBD
JOBD,
EOBD and
OBD2
On / Off
XXX.X
XX
PID Description
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
PTO Status
Rel TPS
Spark Adv
%
deg
STFT B1
STFT B1 S1
STFT B1 S2
STFT B1 S3
STFT B1 S4
STFT B2
STFT B2 S1
STFT B2 S2
STFT B2 S3
STFT B2 S4
STFT B3
STFT B4
Time DTC Clr
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
hrs,
min
sec
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXXX, XX
XXXX
Time Since Engine Start
%
%
%
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
Absolute Throttle Position
Absolute Throttle Position B
Absolute Throttle Position C
Time Since
Start
TPS
TPS B
TPS C
Craftsman 87702
Power Take Off Status
Relative Throttle Position
Ignition Timing Advance #1
Cylinder
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 2
Bank 1 - Sensor 3
Bank 1 - Sensor 4
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 1
Bank 2 - Sensor 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 3
Bank 2 - Sensor 4
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 3
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 4
Time since DTC Cleared
69
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool
Display
Veh Speed
Warm-up DTC
Clr
70
Unit
km/h
/
mph
-
Value
XXX / XXX
XXX
PID Description
Vehicle Speed Sensor
# Warm-ups since DTC Cleared
Craftsman 87702
Vehicle Applications - ABS
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS – MAKES COVERED
The Diagnostic Tool has the ability to retrieve and erase ABS codes. Vehicle
makes supported by the Diagnostic Tool are shown below. Please visit
www.innova.com for a complete list of vehicles covered.
BUICK
CADILLAC
CHEVROLET
CHRYSLER
DODGE
FORD
GMC
HUMMER
Craftsman 87702
JEEP
LEXUS
LINCOLN
MERCURY
OLDSMOBILE
PONTIAC
SCION
TOYOTA
71
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
INTRODUCTION
This Glossary contains definitions for abbreviations and terms you may
find in this manual or in your vehicle service manual.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
CARB – California Air Resources Board
CCM – Central Control Module
Computer Control System – An electronic control system, consisting
of an on-board computer and related sensors, switches and actuators,
used to ensure peak performance and fuel efficiency while reducing
pollutants in the vehicle’s emissions.
DIY – Do-It-Yourself
DLC – Data Link Connector
Drive Cycle – An extended set of driving procedures that takes into
consideration the various types of driving conditions encountered in real
life.
Driving Condition – A specific environmental or operation condition
under which a vehicle is operated; such as starting the vehicle when
cold, driving at steady speed (cruising), accelerating, etc.
DTC(s) – Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
EGR – Exhaust Gas Recirculation
System Status – An indication of whether or not a vehicle’s emissionsrelated system are operating properly and are ready for Inspection and
Maintenance testing.
EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
EVAP – Evaporative Emissions System
Fault Code – See DTCs
Freeze Frame – A digital representation of engine and/or emissions
system conditions present when a fault code was recorded.
FTP – Fuel Tank Pressure
Generic Code – A DTC that applies to all OBD2 compliant vehicles.
I/M Test / Emissions Test / Smog Check – A functional test of a
vehicle to determine if tailpipe emissions are within Federal/State/Local
requirements.
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
LED – Light Emitting Diode
LTFT – Long Term Fuel Trim, is a program in the vehicle’s computer
designed to add or subtract fuel from the vehicle to compensate for
operating conditions that vary from the ideal A/F ratio (long term).
72
Craftsman 87702
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Manufacturer Specific Code – A DTC that applies only to OBD2
compliant vehicles made by a specific manufacturer.
MIL – Malfunction Indicator Lamp (also referred to as “Check Engine”
light
OBD1 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 1 (also referred to as “OBD I”)
OBD2 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 2 (also referred to as “OBD II”)
On-Board Computer – The central processing unit in the vehicle’s
computer control system.
PCM – Powertrain Control Module
Pending Code – A code recorded on the “first trip” for a “two-trip” code.
If the fault that caused the code to be set is not detected on the second
trip, the code is automatically erased.
STFT – Short Term Fuel Trim, is a program in the vehicle’s computer
designed to add or subtract fuel from the vehicle to compensate for
operating conditions that vary from the ideal A/F ratio. The vehicle uses
this program to make minor fuel adjustments (fine tune) on a short-term
basis.
Trip Drive Cycle – Vehicle operation that provides the necessary
driving condition to enable a vehicle Monitor to run and complete its
diagnostic testing.
VECI – Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
Craftsman 87702
73
Notes
74
Craftsman 87702
Notes
Craftsman 87702
75
Notes
76
Craftsman 87702
Warranty and Servicing
CRAFTSMAN TWO YEAR FULL WARRANTY
FOR TWO YEARS from the date of purchase, this product is warranted
against any defects in material or workmanship. A defective product will
receive free repair or replacement if repair is unavailable.
For warranty coverage details, visit the web site: www.craftsman.com
This TWO YEAR warranty is void if this product is ever used while
providing commercial services or if rented to another person. for 90 DAY
commercial and rental use terms, see the Craftsman warranty web page.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
Sears Brands Management Corporation, Hoffman Estates, IL 60179
REPLACEMENT PARTS
OBD2 Cable
USB Cable
PC-Link CD
Quick Reference Guide
MRP #05-0012 Rev. B
MRP #13-0012 Rev. A
MRP #93-0330 Rev. B
MRP #93-0378 Rev. B
For replacement parts, call 1-800-544-4124.
Craftsman 87702
77