Cub Cadet 60 & 72 Fabricated DeckInDirect Injection Diesel Service Manual

Hydrostatic Zero-Turn
Commercial Riding Mower
Professional Turf Equipment
60” & 72” Fabricated Deck
InDirect Injection Diesel
OPERATOR’S AND SERVICE MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General Safety Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
A.Danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
B. Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
C. Caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
B. Related to Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
C. Related to Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
D. When Mowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
E. Towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
F. Operator Protection System Foldable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
G.Suspension Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
B. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
C. Initial Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
D. Zero Turn Break-In and Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
E. Mower Cutting Blades. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
F. Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Maintenance and Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
A. Mower Deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
B. Hydraulic Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
C. Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
D. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
E. Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
F. Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
G.Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
H. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Performance Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
A. High Speed Tracking Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
B. Engine RPM Check and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
C. Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
D. Deck Center Anti-Scalp Roller Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
E Lap Bar Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
F Deck Leveling Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Fuel and Lube Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Warranty
This product may be covered by one or more of the following patents:
D409,208; 5,946,894; 6,070,690; 6,301,864; 6,662,538; Pending
2
FORWARD
The Tank Hydrostatic Zero-Turn Commercial Riding Mower provides superb maneuverability,
mid-mount cutting capability for professional landscapers, commercial lawn service companies, professional turf managers and golf course superintendents. The machine incorporates
many safety features that should be studied by all operators and maintenance personnel
before use. The list of safety precautions should receive particular attention.
This manual presents all of the operating and maintenance instructions necessary to keep
your mower at peak efficiency. If operated and maintained properly, your mower will give
dependable service.
CAUTION:
Only thoroughly trained persons should operate and maintain this
mower. This machine can cause serious injury to anyone who misuses it and does not understand its operation. For their personal
safety, all operators and maintenance personnel are required to
read this entire manual before operating the mower.
Hazard control and accident prevention are partially dependent
upon the design and configuration of the equipment. Notwithstanding, these factors are also dependent upon the awareness, concern,
prudence and proper training of the personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of the equipment.
•
•
•
WARNING
The engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is
equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it
should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California, the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources
Code). Other States may have similar laws. Federal laws apply to federal lands. A spark arrester muffler
may be available.
NOTE: The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with
regards to performance, power-rating, specifications, warranty and
service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s owner’s/operator’s
manual, packed seperately with your unit, for more information.
MODELS LISTED IN THIS MANUAL
28HP Tank,
28HP Tank,
28HP Tank,
53AL8CTX750
53AL8CTZ750
53AB5JEZ630
3
GENERAL SAFETY
OPERATIONS
5. Keep all safety signs legible and properly
installed.
6. Do not check for hydraulic leaks with any part
of the body.
7. Do not add fuel to a machine when the engine
is running and/or the exhaust system is hot.
8. Keep machine clean and free of debris, grass,
leaves, oil, grease, etc.
9. Place lap bars in neutral/start position, set
park brake, disengage P.T.O., turn engine off,
and remove ignition key before you dismount
from machine.
10. Use machines laterally or diagonally across
slopes, avoid going downhill when possible.
11. Go slowly and use extra care when descending slopes.
12. Disengage P.T.O. when crossing surfaces
such as asphalt, concrete, loose ground,
sand, gravel, etc.
13. Use extra care when loading and unloading
machines from trucks or trailers.
A. DANGER
1.
2.
3.
Do not operate machine in confined areas
where exhaust gases can accumulate.
Do not operate machine without mower chute
deflector in place and operational.
Do not carry passengers.
B. WARNING
1. Do not operate machines under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
2. Do not operate machines without all guards
and safety devices in place and functional.
3. Do not start machines if there are fuel or oil
leaks or spillage — clean it up.
4. Do not operate machines near spilled or leaking fuels.
5. Do not stop or park machine over dry leaves,
grass, debris, etc. that could be combustible.
6. Use extreme care when backing up.
7. Do not operate machine on slopes greater
than 15 degrees (27%), and always go across
slopes, not up and down.
8. Do not operate machines on slopes when
traction is reduced (wet grass, ice, soft
ground, loose ground, leaves, pine needles,
debris, etc.).
9. Avoid turning downhill if possible, go slowly
and use extra care when turning downhill.
10. Do not operate machines during reduce visibility (low light, fog, rain, etc.).
11. Do not operate machines with non-approved
attachments.
12. Do not operate machines that are damaged.....have machine repaired.
13. Do not operate machines that have not been
properly maintained.
14. Use only replacement parts that are the same
or equivalent to the original equipment.
15. Do not modify machines or any of their components, especially the engine governor!
16. Do not operate machine for more than 2 hours
without hearing protection.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
A. General
1.
Read this Operator’s Manual before starting
the mower. Study the controls and learn the
proper sequence of operation.
2. Do not allow anyone to operate or maintain
this machine who has not read this manual.
Never permit children to operate this machine.
3. Never carry passengers.
4. Do not remove any shields, guards or safety
devices. If a shield, guard or safety device is
damaged or does not function, repair or
replace it before operating the mower.
5. Always wear safety glasses and safety shoes
when operating or maintaining this mower. Do
not wear loose-fitting clothing.
6. Disconnect the spark plug wires and remove
the key from the ignition to prevent the engine
from accidentally starting before performing
any maintenance on this mower.
7. Never run the engine indoors without adequate ventilation. Exhaust fumes are deadly.
8. To avoid serious burns, do not touch the
engine, exhaust pipe or muffler while the
engine is running or until it has cooled after it
has been shut off.
9. The liquid in the battery is dilute sulfuric acid.
Always wear safety glasses and rubber gloves
when working on the battery. Do not overfill
the battery.
10. Lead-acid batteries generate hydrogen and
oxygen gases which form an explosive mix-
C. CAUTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Use proper protective equipment when operating machine (gloves, boots, and hearing
protection are recommended).
Read entire machine Operator’s Manual.
Make sure operators are fully trained in the
safe use of the machine.
Follow all safety instructions when using the
machine.
4
terminals can produce sparks and heat...connections
to the terminals must be kept tight, and the terminals
and battery surfaces kept clean of acids and corrosion. If batteries are re-charged or “jumped” from
external sources, make sure that the connections are
made properly and in the correct sequence...connect
to the positive terminal of the good battery first, then
connect that to the positive terminal of the weak battery. The third connection should be to the negative
terminal of the good battery, followed by the negative
terminal of the weak battery. If sparks are observed
or heating of the wiring or connectors is detected,
disconnect in reverse order (I.E., the negative terminal of the weak battery first). Batteries should be recharged at a constant voltage...generally 14.5 +/- 0.5
volts DC for a nominal 12 volt DC battery.
ture. Keep sparks and flames away at all
times.
11. When looking for oil leaks, never run your
hand over hydraulic hoses, lines or fittings.
Never tighten or adjust hydraulic hoses, lines
or fittings while the system is under pressure.
If high-pressure oil penetrates the skin, the oil
must be removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this form of injury or serious
complications may result.
B. Related to Fuel
1. Fuel is highly flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Please respect it.
2. Do not smoke or permit others to smoke
while handling fuel.
3. Always use approved containers for fuel and
fill slowly to decrease the chance of static
electricity buildup and spillage.
4. Store fuel in well ventilated and unoccupied
buildings away from sparks and flames.
5. When dispensing gasoline into approved containers, place the container on the ground
when refueling to avoid a possible static electricity ignition of fuel vapors.
6. Do not fill containers while it is inside a vehicle, trunk, the bed of a pickup or floor of a
trailer.
7. Always shut off the engine and permit it to
cool before removing the fuel tank cap.
8. Always fill the fuel tank outdoors.
9. If the fuel container spout will not fit inside the
fuel tank opening, use a funnel.
10. When filling the fuel tank, stop when the fuel
reaches one inch from the top. This space is
necessary for tank expansion. Do not overfill.
11. Wipe up any spilled fuel.
D. When Mowing
1. Keep adults, children and pets away from the
area to be mowed.
2. When operating this mower in the forward
direction, DO NOT allow the steering levers to
return to the neutral position on their own.
Always maintain a firm grip on the levers,
operate them smoothly and avoid any sudden
movements of the levers when starting or
stopping.
3. If the mower is equipped for side discharge,
never use the mower without the discharge
chute installed and placed in the down position.
4. Always remove debris and other objects from
the area to be mowed.(Note: debris and loose
grass will reduce traction.)
5. Mow only in daylight.
6. Watch for holes, sprinkler heads and other
hidden hazards.
7. Avoid driving too close to trees, creeks,
ditches, sand traps and other obstacles.
8. Before backing up, check behind you and
watch where you’re going.
9. Always reduce speed when making a turn,
and when grass is wet.
10. Always mow across slopes, never up and
down the slope. Do not operate on steep
slopes and slow down before turning.
11. Be careful when crossing gravel paths or
roadways. Always turn off the blade clutch
switch and wait until the blades stop rotating
and raise the cutting deck to the transport
position. Always allow other vehicles to have
the right-of-way.
12. If you hit a solid object while mowing, turn off
the blade clutch switch, place the left and right
steering levers in the neutral position, move
the throttle to slow, set the parking brake, shut
off the engine and take the key from the ignition switch. Inspect for damage. Repair any
C. Related to Batteries
Batteries are stored electrical energy devices that
may be serviceable with removable caps (the electrolyte levels can be checked), or may be non-serviceable (no attempt should be made to open the vents).
Batteries may contain lead (Pb) and sulfuric acid,
and they must be re-cycled and not disposed of nor
abandoned. Sulfuric acid can cause severe burns,
and in the event of contact, the areas should be
flushed with water and a physician contacted. Battery cases should not be punctured. Lead is poisonous and is contained within the positive and negative
terminals as well as within the battery’s internal gridwork of plates and active materials.
Explosive gases are generated when batteries are
re-charged, so sparks, flames and heat sources
should be avoided. Loose connections at the battery
5
13.
14.
15.
16.
damage. Make sure the blades are in good
condition and that the blade bolts are tight
before restarting the engine.
Never leave the mower unattended without:
turning off the blade clutch switch; placing the
left and right steering levers in the neutral
position; moving the throttle to slow; setting
the parking brake; shutting off the engine and
taking the key from the ignition switch.
Never walk or stand on the discharge side of a
mower with the engine running. Turn off the
blade clutch switch if another person
approaches while you are operating the
mower.
Never attempt to operate the traction unit
without the mowing deck attached.
Keep the mower and especially the engine
and hydraulic components clean and free of
grease, grass and leaves to reduce the
chance of fire and to permit proper cooling.
DANGER:
Damaged ROPS and OPDs must be replaced prior
to operator use!
3. Seat belts shall be used and shall be properly fastened about the operator’s waist at all
times, except when the ROPS or OPDs are:
- not properly installed and/or not properly
secured onto the machine
- damaged in such manner that their structural integrity has been compromised
- not in their fully upright and locked position
4. Seat belts are attached to the movable portion of the seat when suspension seats are
utilized, and therefore the seat-mounting
base must be secured to its pivot means and
the pivot means latched to the frame of the
machine. Seat belts are attached to the seat
or the frame of the machine when non-suspension (standard) seats are provided, however, if a suspension kit is added to a seat,
the seat belt must be attached to the movable portion of the seat or suspension mechanism, the seat-mounting base must be
secured to its pivot means, and the pivot
means be latched to the frame of the
machine.
E. Towing
1. Tow only with a machine that has an approved
hitch designed for towing. Do not attach towed
equipment except at the hitch point.
2. Follow the manufacturers recommendation for
weight limits for towed equipment and towing
on slopes.
3. Never allow children or others in or on towed
equipment.
4. On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment
may cause loss of traction and loss of control.
Note: 5 degrees (9%) maximum slope.
5. Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
DANGER:
If ROPS and OPDs are folded down or missing,
seat belts shall not be fastened. Worn or damaged
seat belt assemblies must be replaced prior to
operator use.
5. Brush Guards and canopies can afford additional protection for the operator. The Brush
Guard can deflect tree limbs, clothes lines,
and other obstacles that otherwise could
come in contact with the ROPS and OPDs.
Contact of ROPS and OPDs by items such
as tree limbs, clothes lines, guy wires, and
buildings, could create hazardous conditions
whereby the machine could experience a tipover or roll-over. The canopy can provide
protection for the operator from some environmental exposure (sunlight, rain, etc.).
Work lights may be available.
6. The ROPS and seat belt are integral parts of
this machine and should not be tampered
with, modified in any manner, or removed.
7. The ROPS extends above and behind the
operator position, and therefore the operator
must be aware of potential contact of the
ROPS with items such as trees, buildings,
doorways, clothes lines, utility wires, etc., that
could cause the machine to upset or roll-
F. Operator Protection System -Foldable
1.
This machine is equipped with an Operator
Protective System (OPS), which includes:
a. A Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) or
Operator Protective Device (OPD) which
may be of the fixed or folding configuration
b. Seat belt assembly with retractable function
2. ROPS and OPDs are structures designed to
provide a crush-resistant space for the operator when properly seat-belted within the
designated seating area of the machine in
the event of a machine tip-over or roll-over.
Folding ROPS and OPDs shall be used in
their fully upright and locked configurations
except in those circumstances whereby they
need to be momentarily folded-down to avoid
contact with items such as tree limbs, clothes
lines, guy wires, buildings, etc. At other times
and conditions, ROPS and OPDs shall be in
their fully upright and locked configurations.
6
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
over....use caution in (or avoid) areas where
the ROPS could come in contact with any
structures, trees, etc.
The ROPS and seat belt add additional mass
that elevates the machine’s Center of Gravity
(C.G.) which negatively affects the machine’s
stability and traction....use extra caution when
operating on slopes.
Inspect the ROPS and seat belt assemblies
on a regular basis for damage and improper
operation....replace all components that are
damaged or are not functioning properly with
authorized replacement parts.
Failure to use the seatbelt properly could
result in serious injury or death if an accidental overturn occurs. In order for the ROPS to
be effective, the seat belt must be securely
fastened around the operator at all times
when the operator is on the machine. Contact
with the ROPS during an overturn could
cause serious injury or death.
The ROPS will not prevent the machine from
upsets or roll overs.
Only approved attachments should be used
on this machine.
ing bearings are utilized throughout the suspension mechanism that provides an
additional 2” of suspension travel.
4. A retractable seat belt assembly with inertialock is attached to the “ride” portion of the
seat frame. The seat frame is attached to the
mechanical suspension, which is attached to
the roller tracks that are bolted to the seat
base in one of the three (3) locations - the
seat assembly can be detached and reinstalled 1” forward or 1” aft from the factory
installed position. When the two (2) hairpin
clips are removed from the frame-mounted
stud-bolts, the complete seat assembly and
seat base can be pivoted forward onto the
foot platform - this provides access to the
battery, hydraulic reservoir and filter, as well
as some of the electrical system and control
linkages. The seat base must be secured
with the hairpin clips prior to machine operation.
Note: The seat base must be secured by
properly installing the hairpin clips into both
frame-mounted stud-botls, otherwise, the seat
assembly could tilt forward. The Operator
Presence Sensor must be connected to the
electrical wiring harness.
G. Suspension Seat
1. This unit is equipped with an adjustable suspension seat system, which includes a foldforward seat with retractable seat belt
assembly, a low profile mechanical suspension, and an Operator Presence Sensor
(OPS).
2. The seat bottom is covered with a heavyduty vinyl fabric and integrates the EVC
cushion comfort system that provides up to 1
3/8” dampered (for shock isolation) suspension travel. An OPS in the form of a switch, is
integrated into the seat bottom and is connected to the machine electrical system. The
seat back is also covered with a heavy-duty
vinyl fabric, it adjusts to recline up to 16
degrees, and it will fold forward for transport
or protection from the elements of weather
(lever actuated on operator’s left side). The
armrests are adjustable for operator comfort
(knob inside armrests actuated from the bottom). Roller bearing single-locking tracks
provide easy repositioning fore/aft up to 5”
(lever actuated on lower right).
3. A mechanical suspension mechanism incorporates weight/ride adjustment controls for
operators in the 125 to 275 lb. weight range
(turn the knob on the front of the seat clockwise to increase the weight capacity and
counter-clockwise to decrease. Self-lubricat-
7
SAFETY DECALS AND LABELS
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY,
D O N OT O P E RAT E M OW E R U NL E S S
DISCHARGE CHUTE COVERORGRASS
C A T C H E R IS I N I T S P R O P E R P L A C E .
D AN GER
K E E P H A N D S a n d FE E T A W A Y
Part Number: 00030635
Part Number: 01002166
DANGER
ROTATING BLADE
Do not put hands or feet
under or into mower when
engine is running.
Part Number: 777S32798
Part Number: 00030633
Part Number: 777S32797
Part Number: 02003514
! WARNING!
Maximum weight on hitch is 50 lbs.
Maximum towed load is 500 lbs.
Never allow passengers on towed equipment.
Loss of traction can occur on slopes, 5 (9%) maximum grade.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
Use caution during turns to avoid jack-knifing.
Use extra caution when operating in reverse.
Do not modify hitch or repair hitch. Replace hitch if damaged.
Part Number: 02003652
Part Number: 02002693
8
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL INFO.
Controls:
Parking Brake:
Seat:
Frame:
Instrumentation:
Front Caster Wheels:
Drive Wheels:
Tire Pressure:
Fuel Tank:
Ground Speed:
Net Weight:
Operator Protective
Device:
ENGINE INFO.
Engine:
Type:
Air Cleaner:
Lube System:
Hydraulic System:
Coolant:
Starter:
Blade Brake Clutch:
Engine ignition and start switch; throttle; left and right steering
levers; electric blade clutch switch; parking brake; mower deck lift
Mechanical linkage attached to the brake handle and drum
brakes
Fully adjustable Suspension Seat-fore/aft, seatback, armrests
and operator weight adjustments
2" Steel square tube and plate, all welded construction
Hourmeter; Low Voltage, Low Oil Pressure, High Coolant Temperature, and Glo-Plug activation indicator lights; (tachometer
optional)
13 x 6.50 x 6
60" & 72” deck, 24x12 - 12
10-12 psi Rear, 20-25 psi front caster
Two 6.5 gallon w/ shutoff valves
0-12 + MPH forward. 0-5 MPH reverse
1460 lbs. w/60" deck, & 1540 lbs. w/72” deck
Roll Over Protective Structure, and Retractable Seat Belts
28.2HP, InDirect Injection, Caterpillar diesel, 1.131 liters
Horizontal Crankshaft, 3 cylinder in-line, 23:1 compression
Dual Element, Canister Type
Pressurized with oil filter Shell Rimula 15W40-4.3 quarts
3 quart capacity, One quart filter Shell Rimula 15W40, CI-4 plus
Shell Dex-Cool ELA 50/50 antifreeze
12-volt electric, cold limit -20C (-4F)
Electric
TRACTION DRIVE INFO.
Traction Drive:
Variable-speed hydrostatic pumps and hydraulic wheel motors for
each drive wheel
CUTTER DECK INFO.
Cutter Deck;Drive:
Deck Lift:
Cutting Height:
No. of Blades
Deck Spindles:
60” & 72” Belt Driven
Foot lever w/pin lock for height adjustment
1-1/2" to 5"
3, attach to spindle with 3/4” bolts
1-1/4” diameter tapered-roller bearings, aluminum housing
9
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Figure. 1
Hour Meter
(tach optional)
Glow Plug
Figure. 2
Electric Blade
Clutch Switch
Engine throttle
indicator lights
Parking Brake
Ignition Switch
A.General
k.
Be careful when crossing gravel paths or
roadways. Always turn off the blade clutch
switch and wait until the blades stop rotating and raise the cutting deck to the transport position. Always allow other vehicles
to have the right of way.
l. If you hit a solid object while mowing, turn
off the blade clutch switch, place the steering levers in the neutral position, move the
throttle to slow, set the parking brake, shut
off the engine, and take the key from the
ignition switch. Inspect for damage. Repair
the damage. Make sure the blades are in
good condition and that the blade bolts are
tight before restarting the engine.
m. Never leave the mower unattended without
observing the following: turn off the blade
clutch switch, placing the steering levers in
the neutral position, moving the throttle to
slow, setting the parking brake, shutting off
the engine and taking the key from the ignition switch.
n. Never walk or stand on the discharge side
of the mower when the engine is running.
Turn off the blade clutch switch if another
person approaches while you are operating the mower.
o. Never attempt to operate the traction unit
without having the mowing deck attached.
1. When Mowing:
a. Keep adults, children, and pets away from
the area to be mowed.
b. When operating this mower, in the forward
direction, do not allow the steering levers
to return to Neutral on their own. Always
maintain a firm grip on the levers, operate
them smoothly and avoid any sudden
movements of the levers when starting and
stopping.
c. If the mower is equipped for side discharge, never use the mower without the
discharge chute installed and placed in the
down position.
d. Always remove debris and other objects
from the area to be mowed (Note: debris
and loose grass will reduce traction).
e. Mow only in daylight.
f. Watch for holes, sprinkler heads, and other
hidden hazards.
g. Avoid driving too close to trees, creeks,
ditches, sand traps, and other obstacles.
h. Before backing up, check behind and
watch where you are going.
i. Always reduce speed when making a turn,
and when grass is wet.
j. Always mow across slopes, never up and
down the slope. Do not operate on steep
slopes and slow down before turning.
Avoid turning downhill if possible, start at
the bottom and work up to the top. Use
extra care and go slowly when turning
downhill. Control the speed and direction
of the zero turn machine “primarily” with
the speed/directional control (lap bar) of
the downhill side of the machine...I.E.,
maintain the uphill side lap bar “essentially” in a fixed position.
p. Keep the mower and especially the engine
and hydraulic components clean and free
10
of grease, grass, and leaves to reduce the
chance of fire and permit proper cooling.
Note: If low traction conditions occur, follow
these procedures for “zero turns”:
To turn clockwise (front of machine moves toward RIGHT)
when traveling FORWARD:
1. Come to a stop,
2. Then slowly move both lap bars rearward (no more
than 1/2 maximum reverse speed) to initiate REVERSE
travel,
3. Then slowly move the LEFT lap bar forward while
maintaining the RIGHT lap bar in the rearward travel
position.
4. To stop the turn and reintiate FORWARD travel,
slowly move the RIGHT lap bar from the REVERSE
travel position to a FORWARD travel position equal t that
of the LEFT lap bar.
5. Alternatively, release both lap bars and the machine
should stop turning, (this is a safety check, the normal
procedure is for the operator to slowly bring the lap bars
to the Neutral psoition).
To turn counter-clockwise (front of machine moves toward
LEFT) when traveling FORWARD:
1. Come to a stop,
2. Then slowly move both lap bars rearward (no more
than 1/2 maximum reverse speed) to initiate REVERSE
travel,
3. Then slowly move the RIGHT lap bar forward while
maintaining the LEFT lap bar in the rearward travel position.
4. To stop the turn and reintiate FORWARD travel,
slowly move the LEFT lap bar from the REVERSE travel
position to a FORWARD travel position equal t that of the
RIGHT lap bar.
5. Alternatively, release both lap bars and the machine
should stop turning, (this is a safety check, the normal
procedure is for the operator to slowly bring the lap bars
to the Neutral psoition).
2.
Safety Awareness when Mowing
a. Do not operate on steep slopes, those above
15 degrees (27% slope).
b. Avoid turning downhill if possible, if not use
extra care and go slowly.
c. Avoid turning when going downhill, traction is
at a minimum going downhill.
d. Do not operate with discharge side of the
mower toward streets, buildings, playgrounds,
parking lots, other machines, animals, and
other people.
e. Avoid operation or use extreme care if the
traction surface is wet, unstable, or slippery.
f. Use extra care when grass clippings, leaves,
pine needles, or debris are present as traction
can be reduced.
g. Slow-down before turning and come to a complete stop before any zero turn maneuver.
h. Do not stop machine or park machine over
combustible materials such as dry grass,
leaves, debris, etc.
3. To Mow Grass and Produce a Striped Pattern
a. Pick a point on the opposite side of the area to
be mowed (post, tree, shrub, etc.).
11
b. If on an hillside, start at the bottom so that the
turns are uphill rather than downhill.
c. Align the mower so as to head directly toward
the object on the far side.
d. Slowly increase the speed of the machine to
match cutting conditions, terrain, and operator
familiarity with the controls and keep the
machine headed directly toward the alignment
object. Do not go fast as to reduce cut quality
or to be uncomfortable in controlling the speed
and direction of the machine.
e. When approaching the other end of a strip,
slow down or stop before turning. A U-turn is
recommended unless a zero turn is required.
The speed of a U-turn that will allow for
machine controllability and minimal turf
defacement will be dependent on several factors including: the speed of the turn, the radius
of the turn, the tire tread pattern, the traction
coefficient of the tire to the traction surface,
the slope of the traction surface.
f. Remember, a zero turn requires that the forward or reverse travel of the machine be
stopped prior to the initiation of the turn or
severe turf defacement can occur.
g. To prevent rutting or grooving of the turf,
change the direction that the strips are mowed
by approximately 45 degrees the next and
each subsequent time that the area is mowed.
B.Controls
1. Engine ignition and start switch: (See Figure
1.) Located on the instrument housing below the
right side of the operator’s seat. When the key
is inserted and turned clockwise, 45 degrees,
the ignition circuit is closed. When the engine is
“cold”, have the switch in the “on” position until
the glow-plug light goes out. Turning the switch
further against spring pressure starts the
engine. The engine will only start if the blade
clutch switch is in the “off” position, the parking
brake is engaged and the left and right steering
levers are in the neutral position. The key should
always be removed from the switch if the operator leaves the mower’s seat.
2. Glow Plugs: (See Figure 1) Combustion chamber plugs are fitted with the necessary precise tip
protrusion into each combustion chamber, to
enable the sprayed fuel to be properly ignited
during cranking, without causing a significant
drop of combustion efficiency during engine running. Glow plugs, due to their high tip temperature when activated, give satisfactory starting at
ambient temperature-bottom limits approaching
that of other starting-fluid aids.
3. Engine Throttle Control: (See Figure 1.)
Located on the left side of the mower next to the
operator’s seat. Moving the throttle control from
Steering Levers
Foot Pedal Lift
Figure. 3
the rear to the front will increase the engine
speed from slow to fast.
4. Left and Right Steering Levers: (See Figure 3.)
These hinged levers open out to the side in any
position to permit the operator to be seated or to
leave the mower’s seat. The operator, when
seated, can pull the levers up to the operating
position, a comfortable forearm’s length away.
These levers control all of the movements of the
mower. Pushing both levers forward causes the
mower to move forward. Pulling both levers back
causes the mower to move backward. Pushing
one lever ahead of the other lever causes the
traction wheel on the side where the lever is
ahead to rotate faster than the other traction
wheel, making the mower turn toward the side
where the lever is behind. When one lever is
pushed forward and the other lever pulled back
the same amount, one traction wheel will turn in
reverse and the mower will turn within its own
length.
In order to start the engine, both steering levers
must be in the neutral position; the parking brake
must be engaged; and the blade clutch switch
must be “off”. However, once the engine starts,
the parking brake must be released before the
operator places the steering levers into the
operating position or the engine will
automatically shut off.
Note: The Steering Lever will return toward
neutral when released, but they should be placed
in neutral by the driver. If the Drive Handles are
not placed in neutral, the tractor may creep.
5.
Electric Blade Clutch Switch: (See Figure 1.)
Located on the right side of the mower beside the
ignition switch. This is an “on/off” push pull switch
that controls the electric blade clutch which supplies power to the cutting blades through the
PTO. The switch must be turned off to start the
engine and should be turned off for safety any
time another person approaches the mower or
the mowing deck is raised to the transport posi-
12
tion. Power to the electric clutch will also be cut
off if the operator leaves the operator’s seat.
6. Parking Brake: (See Figure 2.) Located on the
left side of the traction unit. The handle is an
overcenter lever which applies the drum-type
brake on each drive wheel when the handle is
pulled to the rear. The brake must be engaged in
order to start the engine.
7. Foot Pedal Lift: (See Figure 3.) Located on the
right front corner of the mowing deck. A two pedal
mechanism is provided whereby one pedal (first)
is used to raise, to momentarily hold the implement at a desired height (if needed), and to latch
it in the transport or maximum height setting. A
second pedal is used to unlatch the mechanism
from the transport or maximum height setting, to
lower, or to momentarily hold the implement at a
desired height. The pedals can also be used in
conjunction with each other when the upper portion of a foot activates the first pedal to raise the
implement, and the lower portion of the foot
(heel) activates the second pedal to release the
latch. This provides a hands-free operation with
the exception of when an implement height
change is required. For changing implement
height, at least one hand is required to reposition
the pins to provide 1/4” height-of-cut increments.
The mechanism includes: An adjustable location
foot pedal that is used to raise the implement
and/or latch it in the transport position, that is
directly connected to the implement lift linkage;
adjustable force counter-balance springs to
reduce the effective weight of the implement and
thereby reducing the forces needed on the first
and second pedals for activation - tighten both
springs equally to reduce the force at the foot
pedal; a second pedal pivotally attached to the
first pedal that releases the mechanism from the
latched configuration; a height adjustment link
and index provide predetermined height for the
implement - it is settable in 1/4” increments; a
lock position for the height adjustment link settable by the pin in the highest (also transport position) or lowest (also for mower deck removal and
installation).
The following features are incorporated into the
foot pedal implement lift design: Foot actuated
implement lift with one pedal (1st) for lift and
latch, with a second pedal for release and lower;
allows for some operators with physical limitations to use the implement lift mechanisms and
the machine; reduces potential for operator
fatigue; accommodates a variety of operator
sizes, shapes, and strengths; does not require
the use of hands (with the exception of resetting
the implement height) during normal machine
left or right side of the mower). When the
fuel reaches one inch from the top of the
tank, stop. DO NOT OVERFILL. Space must
be left for expansion. (see page 29 for more
specs.)
b. Engine Oil: (Filled at the factory before
shipment.) Pull out the oil dipstick, wipe it off
and reinsert it. Pull it out again and read the
oil level. If it is below the operating range,
add oil through the fill tube using a funnel to
bring it up to the top of the operating range.
(see page 29 for more specs.)
Note: The 19hp
and 23hp use the 5
gallon fuel tank.
Figure. 4
Note: Shell Rimula 15W40 is recommended
Fuel Shutoff Valve
and provides service SL and CI-4 plus.
operation - thusly the hands can be used for
other functions
8. Fuel Shutoff Valve: (See Figure 4.) Located
behind the operator’s seat, the valve has three
(3) positions: “off”, “Left Tank”, “Right Tank”.
Close this valve if you are not going to run the
mower for a period of 30 minutes or more to
prevent flooding the engine. The fuel system
operates under pressure when the engine is
running.
c. Engine Coolant: Use Shell Dex-cool,
extended life anti-freeze diluted with water
to create a 50:50 mixture. Maintain the fluid
level in the expansion overflow tank at the
prescribed level indicated on the tank.
d. Hydraulic Oil: (Filled at the factory before
shipment.) The hydraulic oil tank is located
beneath the operator’s seat. Always wipe off
the area around the oil tank fill neck before
checking the oil level to prevent dirt from
contaminating the oil. Remove the cap and
make sure the oil level is 1/4” below the oil
tank fill neck. If the oil level is low, fill with
Shell Rimula 15w40 or equivalent oil. Equivalent oil should meet GM Allison C-4.
e. Tires: 10-12 psi Rear, 20-25 psi Front
Caster Tires
Note: In the left tank position, fuel will be
drawn from the left tank only, and excess fuel
not consumed by the engine will be returned to
the left tank. This also applies to the right tank.
9. Seat Adjustment Lever: The Seat Adjustment
Lever is located beneath the seat. The Seat
Adjustment Lever is used to move the seat forward and backward. To place the seat in the
desired position pull the seat adjustment lever
to the left then push the seat forward or back to
the desired position. Release the lever so the
seat will lock in place. The lever on the side
allows a choice of four seat back angles, plus a
folded-down position. Knobs in each armresr
allow them to be adjusted to the desired height.
10. Hourmeter (Digital Tachometer Optional):
(See Figure 1 on page 10) Located on the right
side of the mower in front of the ignition switch.
When the machine is running the tachometer
displays engine rpm. When the machine is off
the tachometer displays running time.
11. Warning Lights: (See Figure 1) Indicator
lights are provided to notify when conditions of
“Low oil pressure”, “High temperature coolant”,
“Low alternator output”, and “Glo-plug activation” are present. A buzzer is activated with the
“High temperature coolant” light.
Note: New tires are overinflated in order to
properly seat the bead to the rim. The normal
working pressure for the traction tires is 10-12
psi. The front caster wheels should be inflated
to 20-25 psi.
2. Check that all Nuts, Bolts and Screws are
Tight.
3. Check the tension of the deck drive belts.
a. Remove the deck cover
b. The tension of the deck drive belts are
maintained by a spring mechanism that
adjusts for wear and stretch.
c. Examine the belts for cuts, fraying, and
excessive wear. Replace if any of these are
detected.
d. Replace the deck cover.
4. Adjust the Mowing Deck: The cutting height
is set anywhere in the range of 1-1/2" to 5". You
may need to adjust the mowing deck to achieve
the proper angle for mowing. Follow the procedures below to set the appropriate angle to the
mowing deck.
a. Park the mower on a flat paved surface,
engage the parking brake, shut off the
engine, remove the key from the ignition
switch, remove connection of the spark
plugs and using the second foot pedal,
C.Initial Adjustments
1.
Check the fluid levels and tires:
Note: These checks should be made daily,
before starting the engine.
a. Fuel: Using a good grade of #2 Diesel fuel,
fill the fuel tank (beside the engine on the
13
b.
lower the mowing deck into the cutting position.
Using a ruler, pencil and paper, measure and
note the distance from the paved surface to
the bottom edge of the mowing blade at the
front and the back of the deck on each side of
the mower. (Four dimensions.)
5. Lubricate all fittings listed in the maintenance section.
D. Zero Turn Break-In And Operating Procedures
DANGER:
Note: The front edge of the mowing deck
should be 1/8"-1/4" below the rear edge of the
deck so that the blades are cutting grass in only
the front half of their circular path. This
decreases friction and reduces the drive power
required.
c.
Reread the “When Mowing” Safety Precautions.
The following procedures are suggested for operators
of ride-on machines which have zero turn capabilities.
1. Orientation:
a. Read the entire Operator’s Manual.
b. Sit on the machine, adjust the seat beforeand-after, then adjust the speed/directional
(lap bar) controls (they can be adjusted fore
& aft, as well as up & down — 9/16" wrench
required).
c. Become familiar with all of the machine controls, instrumentation, safety and instruction
signs, and safety devices.
d. Move (or have moved) the machine to a safe,
level area with no obstructions including
objects, pedestrians, and animals.
2. Initial Operation:
a. Use protective equipment for eyes, hands,
hearing, feet, legs, head and other areas of
the body if needed — safety eye glasses,
gloves, earplugs, boots, hats, etc.
If the dimension at the front of the mowing
deck is 1/8"-1/4" lower than the dimension at
the rear of the deck on each side of the
mower, do not adjust. If not, you will need to
adjust the Deck Lift Spring Assist (See Figure
5). You may also need to adjust the Deck
Links (See Figure 5).
Deck Lift Spring inner nut
WARNING:
Figure. 5
Deck Links
Hearing Protection is required for all operator
exposure exceeding two (2) hours.
d. Lower the mower deck to the cutting position.
With a wrench loosen the inner rear nut on
the Deck Lift Spring Assist. To adjust the
deck up or down, use a wrench and with a
few turns, adjust clockwise or counter clockwise the outer rear nut of the Deck Lift Spring
Assist. Repeat this procedure on the opposite side of the Mower. Once the deck is
adjusted, retighten bolts.
e. With the deck still in the cutting position,
adjust the Deck Links. With a wrench loosen
the top inner bolt of the Deck Link. To adjust
the side of the deck up or down turn the top
bolt clockwise or counter clockwise a few
turns. Adjust both front and rear Deck links as
necessary. Retighten nuts.
f. Raise the mowing deck to the transport position using the upper foot pedal.
g. Use the second foot pedal to lower the mowing deck to the cutting position and repeat
step “b.” above to make sure that the desired
cutting height has been attained. If the
dimensions are not correct, repeat steps “c.”
through “f.” above.
b.
Ensure that the area is free of animals and
bystanders, especially children!
c. Survey the area where the equipment is to be
used to make sure it is free of debris, sticks,
stones, wires, bones, and other foreign
objects which could cause injury to bystanders, damage to the machine, or damage to
nearby facilities. Also make sure that the area
is free of toys, stakes, pipes, chain, cable,
potholes, drop-offs, and step slopes.
d. Inspect the machine to make sure:
1. All guards, shields (including mower chute
deflector) are in their proper place, are
secure, and are functional.
2. That there are no spilled or leaking fuel or
oil sources, nor loose fuel or hydraulic tank
caps, hoses or fittings.
3. That there are no loose or missing hardware nor any missing items.
4. That no non-approved devices are
installed.
5. That all safety signs and decals are properly installed and legible.
14
e. This is a one person machine, operator only!
Riders are not permitted under any circumstance!
f. To start the engine on the machine:
1. Make sure the park brake is set to the “ON”
position, both lap bars are in the neutral/
start position, and the Power Take Off (PTO
also referred to as blade control switch) is in
the “off” (down) position.
2. Move the engine speed control (throttle) forward (half way).
3. Insert the key in the ignition and start
switch, turn the switch to “On”, and wait for
the glo-plug light to go out.
4. Turn the ignition key in a clockwise direction
to the “Start” position until the engine starts.
Note: The cooling system fan incorporates a
60 second delay for starting. Then it will begin a
cycle of 1 minute down-flow followed by 10
minute up-flow.
g. Check safety devices:
1. With the park brake engaged, try to move
one of the lap bars (speed/directional control) from the neutral/start position — the lap
bars should not move with the park brake
engaged.
2. Repeat this procedure with the opposite
side lap bars.
3. With the park brake engaged and the lap
bars in the neutral/start position, advance
the engine speed control completely forward
(Hi-idle), engage the PTO control switch
(pull upward), then lift off the seat — the
engine should stop running. Sit down and
the engine should run. Turn off the PTO by
pushing the control switch down.
h. To drive in the FORWARD direction:
1. Set the engine speed to 2000 to 2500 rpm
(refer to tachometer on right control panel).
This must be increased to full speed (35253675 rpm) after becoming familiar with the
machine.
2. Release the park brake.
3. Slowly, move both lap bars toward the front
of the machine until the machine begins to
move forward — release the lap bars and
the machine should stop moving. The more
that the lap bars are moved toward the front
of the machine, the faster the machine will
move in the forward direction. Release the
lap bars and the machine should stop traveling forward. (This is a safety check, the normal procedure is for the operator to slowly
bring the lap bars to the neutral position).
4. Do not advance the lap bars rapidly as this
could cause turf defacement, loss of traction, and/or instability.
5. To turn, advance one lap bar ahead of the
other and the machine will turn toward the
15
opposite from the side that was advanced
— I.E. to turn clockwise (to the Right), move
the LEFT lap bar forward more than the
right side, and to turn counter-clockwise (to
the LEFT), move the RIGHT lap bar forward
more than the left side. NOTE: If one lap bar
is in the neutral position and the other is
advanced, the turn side tire will not rotate
and a “pivot turn” will be executed — turf
defacement could occur (if on grass) as well
as potential damages to the traction surface
and the tire. If the lap bar on the turn side is
not brought all the way to neutral, then the
turn side tire will continue to rotate and a “Uturn” will be executed with a low potential for
turf defacement as well as traction surface
and tire damage.
i. To drive in the REVERSE direction:
1. Make sure no bystanders, animals, or
objects are behind the machine. Look
behind the machine, and use extreme care.
2. Slowly, move both lap bars toward the rear
of the machine until the machine begins to
move rearward. Release the lap bars and
the machine should stop. The more the lap
bars are moved toward the rear of the
machine, the faster the machine will move in
the reverse direction. Release the lap bars
and the machine should stop traveling in
reverse (this is a safety check, the normal
procedure is for the operator to slowly bring
the lap bars to the neutral position).
3. Do not retard the lap bars rapidly as this
could cause turf defacement and/or loss of
traction.
4. To turn, retard one lap bar ahead of the
other and the machine will turn toward the
same side that was retarded — I.E., to turn
counter-clockwise (to the LEFT), move the
LEFT lap bar rearward more than the right
side, and to turn clockwise (to the RIGHT),
move the RIGHT lap bar rearward more
than the left side. NOTE: If one lap bar is in
the neutral position and the other is
retarded, the turn side tire will not rotate and
a “pivot turn” will be executed. Turf defacement could occur (if on grass) as well as
potential damages to the traction surface
and the tire. If the lap bar on the turn side is
not brought all the way to neutral, then the
turn side tire will continue to rotate and a “Uturn” will be executed with a low potential for
turf defacement as well as traction surface
and tire damage.
j. To perform a “zero turn”:
1. Please note, a zero turn maneuver can not
be executed while the machine is moving in
the Forward or, Reverse directions, the
machine must come to a stop first.
2. To turn clockwise, slowly move the LEFT lap
bar forward while simultaneously moving the
RIGHT lap bar rearward. Release both lap
bars and the machine should stop turning.
3. To turn counter-clockwise, slowly move the
RIGHT lap bar forward while simultaneously
moving the LEFT lap bar rearward. Release
both lap bars and the machine should stop
turning (this is a safety check, the normal
procedure is for the operator to slowly bring
the lap bars to the neutral position).
3. Start the Engine:
a. Open the fuel shutoff valve by selecting the
left or right tank position.
b. Sit on the Seat. Set the parking brake “On”.
c. Make sure that the left and right steering
levers are in their neutral position.
d. Turn the electric blade clutch switch “Off”.
e. Push the throttle control to a position a third of
the way between slow and fast.
f. Insert the key in the ignition and start switch,
turn the switch to “On”, and wait for the gloplug light to go out.
g. Turn the ignition key in a clockwise direction to
the “Start” position until the engine starts.
Note: Do not hold the key in the “Start” position for more than 10 seconds or you may damage
the starter. If the engine does not start in this
time, wait about 30 seconds and try again.
4. Operating the Mower: Operating a zero-turningradius mower is not like operating a tractor-type
riding mower. The zero-turning-radius mower is
much more maneuverable and much less fatiguing to operate. However, getting used to the fingertip control of the zero-turning-radius mower
takes some practice. We strongly recommend
that you locate a “test area” where you can operate the mower for about 30 minutes without being
disturbed.
a. Get into the operator’s seat.
b. Start the engine.
c. Use the transport lever to raise the mowing
deck to the transport position. Make sure the
blade clutch switch is off.
d. After the engine has warmed, adjust the throttle to the fast position.
e. Release the parking brake.
f. Fold in the steering levers to the operating
position.
WARNING:
When operating this mower forward, do not allow
the steering levers to return to the neutral position on their own. Always maintain a firm grip on
the steering levers, operate them smoothly and
avoid any sudden movements of the levers when
starting or stopping.
16
g. To go forward, move both steering levers
slightly forward and the mower will slowly
move forward. The farther you move the levers
forward the faster the mower will go forward.
h. To back up, move both steering levers slightly
backward and the mower will slowly move
backward. The farther you move the levers
backward the faster the mower will go backward.
i. To turn, pull the lever back on the side to
which you want to turn. The farther back you
pull the lever, the faster and more sharply you
will turn. Initially, you will have to be careful to
avoid turning to fast and too far.
j. After you have mastered operating the mower,
use the second foot pedal to lower the mowing
deck to the cutting position and pull on the
electric blade clutch switch to start the blades
rotating.
k. Practice mowing in straight passes. When you
feel confident, slowly practice mowing around
obstacles such as trees.
5.
Parking the Mower:
a. Push off the electric blade clutch switch.
b. Use the upper foot pedal to raise the mowing
deck to the transport position.
c. Drive the mower to the cleanup or storage
area.
d. Move the throttle to slow.
e. Place the steering levers in the neutral position.
f. Set the parking brake.
g. Turn off the ignition switch and take the key
from the switch.
h. Close the fuel shutoff valves.
E.Mower Cutting Blades
The blades normally “factory installed” on a mower
afford the best grass cutting performance on the majority
of grasses and mowing conditions; however, there will
be occasions whereby the grass type, stage of grass
growth, soil conditions, and weather conditions will
require different cutting blade types. Since the mower
decks are designed so that over-lap of the cutting blades
generally exceed 1.5”, there is no need for orientation of
one cutting blade to an adjacent blade (I.E., the blades
do not need to be “timed” nor synchronized).
Hi-lift- These are generally the best cutting blades for
most grasses and mowing conditions. These blades will
provide extra “lift” for the thinner leaf grasses, will handle
lush grasses, and will provide maximum grass and
debris discharge. These blades are generally required
for material collection systems. More horsepower is
Height of Cut Clevis Pin
Main Frame
Linch Pins
Figure. 6
Linch Pins
be unlatched, pivoted upward, and secured via a proprod for access to the engine, etc.
required for these blades when compared to others, and
they generally produce the highest noise levels.
Medium-lift- These blades require less horsepower
than the hi-lift, and they generally work well in wider leaf
grasses and some mulch applications.
Low-lift- These blades require less horsepower than hilift and medium-lift blades, and they generally work best
with wide leaf grasses, sparse grass growth, and sandy
soil conditions. They generally produce the lowest noise
levels. Bahia blades are configured without offset, and
with a maximum amount of sharpened cutting edge.
Mulch- These blades are generally designed for use in
cutting decks equipped with mulch baffles. The shape of
the blade generally produces higher turbulence in order
that the grass can be repeatedly cut and re-cut into
smaller pieces. These blades generally require more
horsepower than other blades. Mulch blades work best
when the grasses are cut at the highest levels, minimal
lengths of grasses are removed, and grass conditions
are generally dry.
MAINTENANCE AND
SERVICE
WARNING:
Disconnect the spark plug wires or remove the
key from the ignition to prevent the engine from
accidentally starting before performing any maintenance on this mower.
A. Mower Deck
1. Removing the Mower Deck:
a. Apply the parking brake. Remove ignition key
and both spark plug caps.
b. Lower the cutter deck to the ground. Capture
the foot pedal by placing the height of cut clevis pin in the “lock” position.
c. Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving
the belt tensioning rod.
F.Cooling System
This product is equipped with a cooling system
employing state-of-the-art technology. A 12VDC powered fan draws air “upward” through a high efficiency
multi-pass heat exchanger for about 10 minutes, then
stops, runs in the “downward” direction for about 1
minute. Except for engine starting when the fan does not
run for the first minute, the fan blows downward (to clear
debris on the inlet screen) for about 1 minute, then
upward for about 10 minutes...this 1 and 10 minute cycle
repeats until the engine is shut off. The heat exchanger
is mounted at an angle so that the heat will be blown
away from the operator station. The heat exchanger can
Note: There is a certain amount of spring tension due to the weight of the deck. When removing the lift linkage from the deck the tension of the
springs will go from the deck to the lift handle.
Not capturing the lift handle while removing the
lift linkage from the deck will cause it to snap
back.
d. Detach the mower drive belt.
e. Remove six linchpins (See Fig. 6) (4) from the
deck and (2) from the front of the mower.
Remove the linchpins on the left and right rear
17
b. Replace any blade with severe nicks or
dents that cannot be removed by filing.
c. Check the balance of the blade after sharpening by placing it on a blade balancer. Do
not use un-balanced blades.
d. If the blade dips on one end, file stock off of
the cutting surface on that end.
Cover
Plate
Spindle
Note: Blades that cannot be easily balanced—REPLACE.
Figure. 7
side of the cutter deck (2); remove the linchpins on the left and right front side of the cutter deck (2); and remove the linchpins on the
front of the mower (2).
f. Turn front caster wheels outward.
g. Shift the deck toward the ignition switch side
of the mower and remove.
h. To install reverse the process.
2. Changing a Blade:
a. Remove the Key from the ignition and disconnect the spark plug.
b. Jack up the front of the mowing deck about
one foot and block it in that position.
c. Wrap a rag around one end of the blade and
grasp it to prevent it from turning, or secure
the blade by placing a block of wood
between the blade and the deck housing.
d. Use a 1-1/8" socket wrench on the pulley
side of the spindle to secure.
e. Remove the hex nut using a 1-1/8" wrench.
f. Remove the hex nut.
g. To replace the blade reverse the above process and tighten nut to 100-120 lb-ft.
WARNING:
Never mow with dull blades! Blades that are
bent should be replaced! The cutting blades are
sharp and can cause severe injury. Wrap the
cutting surface of the blade with a rag to avoid
injury.
3.
4. Changing the Blade Drive Belts:
a. Set the parking brake. Remove ignition key
and both spark plug caps.
b. Unscrew the wing nuts from the deck covers
and remove both covers.
c. Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving
the belt tensioning rod. Loosen the belt
retaining bolt.
d. Using a 1/2" socket breaker bar or socket
rachet insert the male end into the 1/2"
opening in the lower idler arm assembly and
pull the idler arm clockwise. While holding
the idler arm back, loosen the blade drive
belt from the pulley and slide the belt away
from the pulley.
e. Pull the tensioner pulley away from the belt
and remove the PTO belt then remove the
blade drive belt.
f. Reverse the process to install the belt.
Note: When replacing belts do not overtighten. Adjust the idler pulley so that a tenpound pull with a spring scale between two pulleys deflects the belt about 1/2".
5.
Changing the Spindle Assembly
a. Jack up the front of the mowing deck about
one foot and block it in that position.
b. Make sure the blade clutch is disengaged.
c. Remove the deck cover.
d. Remove the drive belts. (See 3. Changing
Blade Drive Belts.)
e. Remove the cutter blade. (See 2. Changing
a Blade.)
f. Using a wrench or socket rachet remove four
hex nuts, and the four hex head cap screws.
Remove the spindle assembly.
B.Hydraulic Oil
Sharpening a Blade.
a. Set the parking brake.
b. Clean any debris from the blades. Keep
blades sharp and free of build up at all times.
a. Sharpen blades evenly at the original 30°
angle to maintain balanced cutting blades.
Do not sharpen the underside of the blades.
Use a electric blade sharpener, a conventional electric grinder or a hand file to
sharpen the blades.
18
WARNING:
Never overfill the hydraulic units. Damage can
occur if the oil level is not within the proper operating range.
Note: When adding hydraulic oil, do so in
small quantities and recheck the oil level before
adding more. It is important that you do not
overfill the reservoir to allow for fluid expansion.
and drain oil from both left and right pumps.
Replace and retighten nuts.
Hydraulic
pumps
Figure. 8
1.
Hydraulic Tank
Adding Hydraulic Oil (use Shell Rimula 15W40)
Place the Mower on a level surface and
engage the parking brake.
b. Stop the engine and remove the key from
the ignition switch.
c. Clean the area around the Hydraulic Oil fill
neck.
d. Remove the hydraulic fill cap and check the
level. The correct level is a 1/4” below the oil
tank fill neck.
e. Pour hydraulic oil into the reservoir a 1/4”
below the oil tank fill neck, if necessary.
Figure. 9
a.
j.
Remove the three screws from the top of the
oil filter and replace the oil filter element.
Coat the sealing surface with Shell Rimula
15W40 oil or equivalent. Install the three
screws back into the oil filter.
k. Add proper amount of hydraulic oil to reservoir. Use Shell Rimula 15W40 or equivalent.
l. Run and purge pumps and motors. Check oil
level.
m. Add proper amount of hydraulic oil to reservoir and repeat step L.
2. Draining Hydraulic Oil
Used hydraulic oil must be disposed of properly. Do not pour
it down a drain or sewer, or dump it on open land, this creates
an environmental hazard. Please be aware of the
environment when disposing of used oil.
a. Place the Mower on a level surface and
engage the parking brake.
b. Stop the engine and remove the key from the
ignition switch.
c. Remove the mower deck. See section on
Mower Deck.
d. Raise the seat forward to expose the hydraulic oil fill point.
e. Clean the area around the hydraulic fill oil
cap.
f. Remove hydraulic fill oil cap.
g. Place a suitable container (at least 2 gallon)
under the hydraulic reservoir.
h. Remove the drain plug from the bottom of
the hydraulic oil tank to drain. Replace the
plug.
i. Place a small pan under the pump motor
frame. Remove fill oil cap from hydraulic reservoir for faster drainage. Remove nut caps
19
Unfasten hose and
drain from the bottom of both pumps.
C.Electrical Circuit
Danger:
Read General Safety Precautions Nos. 9 and 10.
1.
Battery: The battery is located beneath the
operator’s seat. Remove the fillcaps and check
the level of the liquid electrolyte in the battery
every 50 operating hours. If the level in any of
the six cells has dropped below the bottom of
the split ring inside the fill hole, refill the cell with
distilled water. To keep the outside of the battery clean, brush on a strong solution of bicarbonate of soda and water and rinse with clean
water. Keep the contacts and cable ends clean
with a wire brush and make sure the connections are tight. Coat the terminals with petroleum jelly to prevent corrosion.
2. Battery Storage: When storing the Mower for
long periods of time the following guidelines
should be taken.
a. Disconnect the battery cables from the terminals and remove the battery. You will have
to remove the control panel to access the
battery strap. Replace control panel.
b. Clean the battery before storing. A dirty battery will lose its charge over time.
main harness and 5 amp for the glow plug
switch and 30 amp for the radiator fan.
7. Safety Switches: There are three safety
switches in the electrical circuit which control the
engine. They are (1) the blade clutch switch, (2)
the steering lever/parking brake switch, (3) the
seat switch.They operate so that in order to start
the engine, the blade clutch switch must be off,
the parking brake must be engaged, and both
steering levers must be in the neutral position.
Once the engine is started, the seat must be
occupied and the parking brake must be
released before either of the steering levers can
be moved. Also, the seat must be occupied
before the blade clutch switch can cause the
blades to rotate.
8. Safety Switch Operation Checks: The following operational checks should be made daily.
a. Blade Clutch Switch: Sit in the operator’s
seat. With both steering levers in the neutral
position and the parking brake engaged, turn
the blade clutch switch “on” and try to start
the engine. The engine should not start. If it
does, the blade clutch switch must be
replaced. If the engine does not start, turn
the blade clutch switch “off” and start the
engine. Now turn the blade clutch switch “on”
and the blades should rotate. If the blades do
not turn, the blade clutch switch must be
replaced, the seat switch must be replaced or
the electric PTO clutch must be repaired.
c. Store the battery with a full charge. A discharged battery will freeze (refer to the table
below).
Specific Gravity
Freezing Temp (°F)
1.265
-71
1.250
-62
1.200
-16
1.150
5
1.100
16
d. Recharge battery when ever the specific
gravity value is less than 1.225
3. Battery Removal
Warning:
When removing the cables from the battery follow these steps to avoid a short between the
wrench and the frame.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Remove the Negative (black) cable.
Remove the Positive (red) cable.
Release the hold down straps.
Remove the battery without tipping.
4. Installing the Battery
Note: The battery is delivered from the factory
The air-gap should be checked every 100
hrs. (or less, if severe operating conditions
exist such as when there are many on/off
cycles, mulching operations, material collection systems used, and dusty/dirty conditions), and the air-gap adjusted if more than
0.025". To inspect, remove the “negative”
cable from the battery and all sparkplug
wires. The air-gap should be checked with
feeler gages in the three slots of the BBC
(PTO Clutch). See page 24 for air gap adjustment specs. There are three inspection slots
in the brake cover. To adjust, successively
tighten each of the three gap adjustment nuts
an equal amount. Insert a feeler gage (see
page 24 for specs) into each slot as the air
gap adjustment nut are tightened. The correct adjustment occurs when slight contact
with the feeler gage occurs. Engage the BBC
(PTO Clutch) a couple of times, and re-check
the air-gap. If it is not between the specs
listed on page 24, repeat the adjustment procedure.
b. Steering lever/Parking Brake Switch: Sit in
the operator’s seat. With both steering levers
in the neutral position and the blade clutch
switch “off”, release the parking brake and try
fully charged and filled with electrolyte.
a. Attach the Positive (red) cable.
b. Attach the Negative (black) cable.
c. Attach the rubber battery strap.
5. Jump Starting
Warning:
Failure to use this starting procedure can cause
sparking, and the gases in the battery to
explode.
a. Attach the end of the red jumper cable to the
Positive terminal (+) of the charged battery.
b. Attach the other end of the red jumper cable
to the Positive terminal (+) of the low charge
battery.
c. Attach the end of the black jumper cable to
the Negative terminal of the charged battery.
d. Attach the other end of the black jumper
cable to the frame of the unit with the low
charge battery.
6. Fuses: There are two fuses located in the wiring
between the ignition and start switch and other
electrical components. This is a standard plug-in
type automotive fuse rated at 30 amp for the
20
to start the engine. The engine should not
start. If it does, the parking brake switch
must be repositioned or perhaps replaced.
If the engine does not start, engage the
parking brake and start the engine.
c. Seat Switch: With both steering levers in
the neutral position, the parking brake
engaged and the blade clutch switch in the
“off” position, start the engine. Now
release the parking brake, hold down on
the back of the operator’s seat against
spring pressure. Release the operator’s
seat and the engine should stop. If the
engine does not stop, the seat switch must
be replaced. With both steering levers in
the neutral position, the parking brake
engaged and the blade clutch switch in the
“off” position, sit in the operator’s seat and
start the engine. Turn the blade clutch
switch to the “on” position and the blades
should start to rotate. Raise up slightly off
the operator’s seat and the blades should
stop. If the blades do not stop when you
dismount from the operator’s seat, the seat
switch must be replaced.
d. Electric PTO Clutch: This clutch operates
when the engine is running, the operator is
in the operator’s seat and the blade clutch
switch is turned on.This electric clutch is a
fairly trouble free device. If a problem
develops and the blades do not turn, first
check the 20 amp fuse and then investigate the wiring harness and the connections to the seat switch, the blade clutch
switch and the electric blade clutch. Then
check out the seat switch, the blade clutch
switch and finally the electric blade clutch.
(see tire side wall for proper inflation pressure).
b. Keep the valve caps tightened to prevent
air pressure loss.
2.
If the leaking tire is on a front caster wheel,
block both traction wheels and raise the
caster wheel so that the tire is an inch off the
ground. Loosen and remove the locknut from
the axle assembly and pull the axle assembly
from the caster yoke. The wheel and two
spacer sleeves will drop free. Slip the axle
assembly through one side of the caster
yoke, through a spacer sleeve, a spare
wheel, the other spacer sleeve and finally
through the other side of the caster yoke.
Then tighten the locknut on the end of the
axle assembly.
Lower the mower off the jack and continue
mowing. The wheel with the leaking tire
should be taken to the maintenance area, the
tire inflated to 20 psi and the wheel placed in
a large bucket of water. Carefully inspect the
tire, rim and valve for escaping air bubbles
which indicate a leak. Mark each leak with a
yellow marking crayon and then deflate the
tire to 8 psi and repeat the inspection. If the
leaks you find are pin hole size to 1/16"
diameter, the tire can be repaired using an
aerosol can of tire inflater and latex sealer
available from any auto supply store. Follow
the directions on the can. If the leaks are
larger than 1/16" diameter, the tire can be
repaired with rubber plugs also available in a
kit from any auto supply store. If the tire bead
is damaged, a tube will have to be installed in
the tire or the tire will have to be replaced.
D.Tires
The two front wheels are caster wheels that are free
to swivel to accommodate the direction of the Mower.
The two rear wheels are used to propel the Mower in
the direction of input from the drive handles. Inflation
pressure of the rear tires is important for stability
while the Mower is in operation. If the tire diameter is
not equal between the two tires, the Mower will pull to
one side.
1.
Inflation Pressure:
a. Traction Tires—20 psi max; 10-12 psi recommended
b. Front Caster Wheel—28 psi max; 20-25
psi recommended
c. Cutting Deck Ball Wheels—Solid Polyurethane.
Use the Following guidelines for maintaining the tires:
a. Balance inflation pressure between the
rear tires to help maintain straight travel
Leaking Tires: When a flat tire occurs, repair
or replace immediately. The normal procedure
is to remove the wheel and replace it with a
spare. Take the leaking tire to a maintenance
area and repair. If a tire is getting soft, park
the mower on the nearest level, paved area. If
the leaking tire is on a traction wheel, put
blocks on each side of the opposite traction
wheel and jack up the tire that leaks about an
inch off the ground. Loosen and remove the
lug nuts and remove the wheel. Mount a
spare wheel and tire, replace the lug nuts, and
using a torque wrench, tighten them to 60 ±
10 lb-ft.
3. Creeping: Creeping is the slight forward or
backward movement of the mower when the
throttle is on and the lapbars are in the neutral
position. If your mower creeps, refer to Steering Lever Adjustment Section F4, page 23.
E. Brakes
While the mower is in motion, all braking is performed
dynamically through the hydraulic pumps and traction
21
motors, controlled by the two steering levers. When the
mower is parked with the engine shut off, the hydraulic
system locks the traction wheels.
Note: To move the mower forward or in
reverse by pushing, you must release the
dynamic braking. Locate the valves on the pump.
Turn valves counter-clockwise (using a standard
7/16” wrench) one quarter turn to push the unit.
After pushing the mower to the desired location,
return both valves to the operating position by
turning the valve clockwise, but do not overtighten(See photo below).
2.
hoses. Make certain there are no kinks or twists
in any hose.
Hydraulic Oil Tank and Filter:
Note: Change the hydraulic oil and the oil filter element after the first 50 hours of operation
and every 500 hours thereafter.
To drain the hydraulic oil tank, place a 2 gallon drain pan
under the drain plug on the bottom of the hydraulic oil
tank. Remove the drain plug, drain the tank, then
replace the plug. Remove the three screws from the top
of the oil filter and take out the oil filter element. You
don’t have to drain the rest of the hydraulic system. Put
the replacement filter element in the oil filter and
lubricate the sealing surface. Install the three screws in
the top of the oil filter to secure the oil filter element.
(See photo below)
Screw
Hydro Release Valve
When the mower is parked with the engine running and
the steering levers in the neutral position, the parking
brakes should be applied. The parking brakes are drumtype brakes mounted on each traction wheel.They are
both engaged by the same operating lever.
1.
Adjustments: The parking brake handle is an
overcenter lever that should engage with moderate force.
Note: To increase parking brake capacity,
adjust brake cables at the brake arms equally.
Adjust the cable housing nuts one full turn and
check parking capacity. Repeat if parking brake
does not hold.
2.
Repair: The mower is equipped with drum
brakes and will not normally require maintenance. If they are not working properly, please
contact your service center.
Note: Always wipe off the hydraulic tank fill
cap and the area around it before removing the
cap to prevent dirt from contaminating the oil.
Remove the fill cap and fill the tank with Shell Rimula
15W40 oil until the oil level is a 1/4” below the oil tank fill
neck. Leave this air space for expansion. Start the
engine and let it run at idle for about five minutes. Check
the filter for leaks. Idling the engine and the pumps in
this way will purge any air from the system. Shut off the
engine and recheck the oil level in the tank. Top-off if
necessary until the oil level is a 1/4” below the oil tank fill
neck.
Note: After unit is up to operating tempera-
F. Hydraulic System
ture, turn off engine and re-check hydraulic oil. If
oil appears foamy or contains excessive air bubbles, DO NOT OPERATE UNIT. Contact service
technician.
WARNING:
Never overfill the hydraulic units. Damage can
occur if the oil level is not within the proper operating range.
Note: When adding hydraulic oil, do so in
small quantities and recheck the oil level before
adding more. It is important that you do not overfill the reservoir to allow for fluid expansion.
1.
Screw
Hoses: Check the hoses from the hydraulic oil
tank to the oil filter to the hydraulic lines daily for
leaks or abrasion and replace any damaged
22
3. Hydrostatic Pumps and Motors: The pumps
are the hardest-working components in the
hydraulic system. They are in operation all the
time the engine is running. Because of
extremely close tolerances, wear is an important
factor in their life. Contaminants in the hydraulic
oil and cavitation does the greatest harm to the
pumps. Cavitation is a blockage in the supply
lines that produces a partial vacuum causing
violent bubbling in the hydraulic oil in the
pump.
whenever the lap bars are in their Neutral
positions.
Check the two suction hoses (the hoses connected to the filter) daily before starting the
engine. Look for a flattened condition or any
leaks and repair or replace as necessary. A
flattened or leakng suction hose will permit
cavitation to develop which can destroy the
pumps in a short time.
Note: Both lap bars must be in their Neutral
positions for the Park brake interlock mechanism to function so as to prevent lap bar
movement (movement that would activate the
hydrostatic pumps producing Forward or
Reverse travel rotation of the wheel motors)
and to allow the Park Brake switch to be activated.
Contaminants or foreign matter in the oil will
also damage the pumps . To prevent this, use
a filter that captures particles as small as 25
microns or 25 millionths of a meter in diameter. You can help in the battle against dirt by
being very careful when you remove or repair
a component in the hydraulic system. Thoroughly clean off any component before you
work on it. Plug the ends of any hose or line
you remove with a rubber or plastic plug. Use
plastic caps to seal off the ends of hydraulic
fittings. Place any component you remove in a
clean plastic bag so it can’t pick up dust or
dirt. Clean your hands frequently when working on the hydraulic components.
Whenever the Park Brake is applied (I.E., the
Park brake lever moved completely rearward
in the control panel slot), the lap bars should
be secured in their Neutral positions by the
linkage rods moving into the holes in the lap
bars. This lap bar Neutral lock mechanism
also activates the Park brake switch, which
allows for the engine to be started. If the lap
bars are in their Neutral positions, and they
are not “locked” so as to prevent movement
when the Park brake is applied, then the linkage from the RTN on the hydrostatic pumps
and the lap bars must be adjusted. This is
done by determining which side (or both) rod
is not aligned to the hole in the lap bar, then
locating that side linkage rod turn-buckle at
the hydrostatic pump RTN, loosening the jam
nuts and lengthening or shortening the linkage rod so that the rod snaps into the hole in
the lap bar.
Note: The pumps are not owner-repairable.
If a pump fails, contact your Cub Cadet Commercial dealer. Do not disassemble the pump.
4.
Steering Lever Adjustments: The steering
lever controls on this Zero Turn Mower (ZTM)
incorporate a patented interlock mechanism
that secures them in their Neutral position
whenever the Park Brake lever is applied.
Additionally, the lap bars can be opened in
any position - Neutral, when traveling Forward, when traveling in Reverse, or when executing a zero-turn maneuvar. The lap bars
also incorporate a Return-To-Neutral (RTN)
feature with hydraulic dampers to provide
smooth, non-jerkey, control motion while
affording an automatic hydrostatic braking
means.
Dampers are incorporated into the lap bar
linkage to provide smooth, non-jerkey, control
action. The damper rate can be adjusted by
relocating the damper - lower to reduce the
damper action, and elevate to increase.
Note: The engine should be able to be
started whenever the Park Brake is applied,
and the lap bars are locked in their Neutral
positions - if not, the switch may need to be
adjusted or replaced.
Whenever the ZTM is on level ground with the
engine running and the lap bars in their Neutral positions, the ZTM should not creep (I.E.,
move in the Forward or Reverse directions of
travel). If this occurs, contact your Service
representative for the procedure to reset the
RTN mechanism on the hydrostatic pumps. If
the hydrostatic pump RTN is adjusted, the
control linkage must also be readjusted.
Whenever the Park Brake lever is moved rearward to the Park Brake engaged position, a
cable mechanism, connected to each drum
brake on the hydrostatic wheel motors,
applies force to each brake lever so that each
wheel brake mechanism can prevent brake
drum and wheel rotation. At the same time, a
second cable and linkage mechanism is activated to secure both lap bars in their Neutral
positions and to activate the Park Brake
switch. Both lap bars must be in their Neutral
positions for the neutral lock linkage to function - the spring-loaded linkage will force rods
in through aligning holes in each lap bar
23
G.Cooling System
1.
2.
3.
4.
d. Push the mower outdoors and start the
engine. Let the engine idle until it has
warmed up completely (4 to 5 minutes).
The cooling system should be inspected on a
regular basis for restrictions to air flow
through the heat exchanger core, and for
leaks.
The heat exchanger core should be cleaned
by moderate (50 psi) pressure air or water, but
not by brushing.
The collant is a 50:50 mixture of de-ionized
water and Shell Dex-cool ELA. The total volume is approximately 6.5 quarts. The coolant
should be replaced each operating season (or
750 hours).
Make sure the coolant level is correct “cold” in
the reservoir/overflow bottle.
H. Storage
1. General: If your mower will not be in service
for a few months, it should be stored in a dry
location that is not subject to drastic changes
in temperature. Before storing, the following
maintenance procedures should be performed.
a. Clean the mower. The entire tractor and
cutting deck should be washed and
cleaned.
b. Sharpen the blades so that the mower will
be ready to use when needed.
c. Protect the metal surfaces. Repair
scratches with the appropriate touch-up
spray paint. Brush a rust preventive oil on
any unpainted surfaces including the pulleys and blades. (Be careful not to get any
oil on the drive belts.)
d. Lubricate the mower.
e. Drain the engine oil. The engine should be
warm so that all the oil drains. Replace the
engine oil filter and refill the crankcase with
fresh oil.
f. Clean the battery and make sure it is fully
charged.
g. Inspect the hydraulic hoses, lines and fittings. Replace as necessary.
h. Jack the mower up and store it on blocks to
take the weight off of the tires.
2. To Put the Mower Back in Service:
a. Check the battery. Charge if necessary.
b. Check the level of the oil in the crankcase
and the hydraulic tank.
c. Lower the mower off the block and check
the tire pressure.
24
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
7.
D. Every 100 Hour Checks
A. Daily Checks
1.
1.
Before starting engine:
a. Check the fuel level.**
b. Check the fuel strainer water trap and drain
off contaminants if present.
c. Check the engine oil level.**
d. Check the hydraulic oil level.
e. Check the hydraulic hoses for leaks, abrasion, kinks, twists, or a flattened condition.
f. Check coolant level in overflow bottle and
replenish as necessary.
g. Check the tires and tire pressure.
Drive Tires: 10-12 psi.
Front Caster Wheels: 20-25 psi.
h. Check the spindle belt, the mower drive
belt and the hydro drive belt.
i. Check the blades. Make sure they are
sharp and that the blade securing cap
screws are tight.
j. Check the cutting height.
2. When ready to start the engine:
a. Check the five safety switches for proper
operation.
3. After mowing:
a. Clean the mower.
b. Clean the engine air screen.
c. Oil the wear points. Follow the Oiling
Chart.
d. After the first five hours, Change the
engine oil and engine oil filter.
2.
2.
3.
1.
2.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Change the hydraulic oil and the hydraulic oil
filter.
Change the fuel filter.
F.Yearly Checks
1. Check the oil in the hydraulic reservoir.
2. Check the air gap on the blade brake clutch
(PTO Clutch) and if it exceeds 0.025” adjust to
0.015” - 0.022”.
Engine coolant: Use only Shell Dex-cool, extended life
anti-freeze diluted with water to create a 50:50 mixture.
Hydraulic fluid: Use Shell Rimula 15W40 oil.
Engine Oil: Use Shell Rimula 15W40 oil.
Spindle Lubricant: Use only Shell Alvania RL 2
grease. This grease is an amber-colored grease
designed for high speed bearing applications. It has
a base oil viscosity that reduces running losses, has
been formulated for low noise, has excellent corrosion protection, and has excellent bearing lubrication.
General Purpose Lubrication: Use any NLGI grade
2 multi-purpose grease. Shell Albida EP2 is recommended. Shell Albida EP 2 is a red-colored multipurpose grease designed for heavy-duty bearing
applications. It has high base oil viscosity for
mechanical stability, has been formulated for high
load, low-speed applications, and has excellent lubrication and corrosion protection.
Service the engine foam element air precleaner.*
Grease the three spindle bearings.
Check the radiator screen and clean as necessary.
* Perform maintenance more frequently under dusty
conditions.
C. Weekly or Every 50 Hour Checks
1.
Change the engine oil filter. (Every 50 hours
under heavy duty operation.)
Check the engine spark plugs.
E. Every 500 Hour Checks
B. Every 25 Hour Checks
1.
Lubricate all grease fittings. Follow the
Lubrication Chart.
**Reference Engine Owner’s Manual
Change the engine oil. Use Shell Rimula
15W-40. (Every 25 hours under heavy duty
operation.)
Clean or replace the engine’s paper air
cleaner element.*
Check the battery’s electrolyte level.
Clean the engine cooling fins and external
surfaces.*
After the first 50 hours, change the hydraulic
oil and the hydraulic oil filter. Change them
every 500 hours thereafter. Use Shell Rimula
15W40 or equivalent.
Oil wear points. Follow the Oiling Chart.
25
.
OIL CHART
Apply a few drops of engine oil or use a spray lubricant. Apply the oil to both
sides of pivot points. Wipe off any excess. Start engine and operate mower
briefly to insure that oil spreads evenly.
Number of Oil Points
Description
DAILY
4
4
2
2
2
2
1
2
Deck Suspension Pivots
Height Adjustment Turnbuckle Clevis Pin
Height Adjustment Handle Pivots
Height Adjustment Stop Pivots
Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
Transport Handle Pivots
Transport Handle Pin
Deck Frame Up-and-Down Pivots
WEEKLY
Seat Hinge
Steering Lever Linkage Rod End Bearings
Lever Return Assembly Rod End Bearings
Pump Control Lever Pivots
Brake Lever Pivot
Brake Lever Control Rod Ends
Brake Control Rod Ends
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
LUBRICATION CHART
Use a grease-gun filled with NO. 2 Multipurpose Lithium Base Grease
No. of Grease Fittings
Description
EVERY 25 HOURS
3
Blade Spindle Bearings
WEEKLY
2
2
4
2
1
2
1
2
Front Caster Wheels
Front Caster Wheel Spindles
Mowing Deck Pivots
Deck Take-Up Idler Pivots
Axle Pivot
Steering Lever Pivots
Hydro Take-up Idler Pivot
Mower Deck Ball Wheels
26
Performance Adjustments
B. Enginge RPM Check and Adjustment
A. High Speed Tracking Adjustment
If mower tracks to one side with both lap bars in fully
forward position:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
High RPM Spec.
Low RPM Spec.
28.2 Hp Caterpillar
3675 +/-50
1200 +/-100
NOTE: RPM Specs. are for free running engines under no load.
1.
Check air pressure in all four tires:
a. Pressure should be within specified ranges
and balanced side-to-side.
b. Rear tires 10-12 psi. recommended (20 psi
MAX.)
c. Front tires 20-25 psi. recommended (28 psi
MAX.
Check hydraulic fluid level (Ref. Engine
owner’s manual)
Verify that the mower does not creep when
the engine is running, the lap bars are in the
neutral position and the parking brake is
released. (Refer to section D-3 on page 21 of
this manual if this condition exists).
Recheck the tracking after any adjustments
based on the above.
If uneven tracking persists, adjust as follows.
(see Fig. 10)
a. Unit tracks to the RIGHT, adjust Left lap
bar stop bolt to make it longer.
b.
Description
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Unit tracks to the LEFT, adjust Right lap
bar stop bolt to make it longer.
Re-check the tracking and make any fine tuning adjustments to the lap bar stop bolts as
required.
8.
9.
Note: If stop bolt is adjusted too far, tracking problem will change sides. Make the fine
tuning adjustments by shortening the same
bolt.
Verify that the lap bars are in the neutral position, the parking brake is on, and the PTO
drive is disengaged.
Start the mower and let it run at approximately
half throttle for 3-5 minutes to bring the engine
up to operating temperature.
Locate the Hour Meter/Tachometer/ Service
Minder display on the right hand operator control panel. (see Fig.1 on page 9 of the manual)
This display defaults to Tachometer mode
when engine is running.
Move the throttle lever to the high speed position and note the RPM reading on the display.
Move the throttle lever back to the low speed
position and again note the displayed RPM’s.
Compare these noted RPM readings to the
specifications in Table 1, for the engine that is
on your mower.
If the readings do not correspond to the
ranges in the table, refer to the engine
owner’s manual for the proper adjustment procedures.
If adjustments per the engine operator’s manual do not result in proper RPM readings, contact your service technician.
Note: The throttle cable sheath may shrink or
slip over time, changing the relationship
between the throttle lever on the left hand
operator control panel and the throttle arm on
the engine. To readjust the throttle cable:
a. Make sure the engine is off, place lap bars
in the neutral position, set the parking
brake, and disconnect and ground both of
the spark plug wires.
b.
Locate and loosen the cable clamp on the
engine throttle plate.
c. Place the operator’s throttle lever to the
high speed position and then slide the
cable through the clamp until the throttle
arm is in the full throttle position. (Ref.
Engine owner’s manual)
d. Tighten the cable clamp.
e. Move the operator’s throttle lever between
high and low speed and verify that the
engine throttle arm also moves through it’s
full range of motion.
f. Repeat as required to obtain proper throttle adjustment.
g. Verify proper throttle adjustment by checking RPM readings as outlined above.
Figure. 10
Lap Bar Stop Bolt
27
C. Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings
3.
1.
Matching the set heights of the ball rollers on
the four corners of the mower deck to the
desired cut height will prevent edge scalping
and minimize any side-to-side variance in cut
height.
2. There are three height adjustment holes in
the bracket that mount the ball rollers to the
deck.
a. Use the top set of holes for cut heights of 2
inches or lower.
b.
c.
Note: If lap bar adjustments are required,
height adjustments should be made prior to
angular adjustments.
4.
To adjust the height of the lap bars,
a. Remove the nuts from the lap bar mounting
bolts (see Fig. 11).
b. Remove the bolts and lap bar and repostion
to the seconc set of holes in the mounting
block.
c. Replace the bolts and nuts and tighten to
28-34 lb-ft.
1. If angular adjustments are also required,
nuts can be tightened until snug at this
point.
d. The same adjustments should be made to
both sides of the mower.
5. To adjust the front-to-rear angle of the lap bars,
a. Loosen the nuts on the lap bar mounting
bolts, leaving the bottom one fairly snug.
b. The top hole is slotted, allowing the lap bar
to pivot on the bottom bolt.
c. Move lap bar to the desired angle and
tighten the nuts to 28-34 lb-ft.
Use the middle set of holes for a 2-1/2 - 3-1/2
inch cut height.
Use the bottom set of holes for cut heights of
4 inches or higher.
D. Deck Center Anti-Scalp Roller Settings
1.
The front and rear rollers help prevent the
scalping of high spots and uneven terrain
across the center section of the deck.
2. The rollers on the front of the deck are fixed at
the factory and can not be adjusted.
3. The rollers on the rear of the deck can be
adjusted downward one inch.
a. Lowering the roller will increase the striping effect left behind the mower.
b. This positioning of the rear roller will also
help to filter the mulched grass clippings
into the turf.
c. Roller should not be lowered if the cut
height is set at 2-1/2 inches or lower.
Note: In the neutral position, the handles of
the lap bars should be aligned with approximately a one inch gap between the tips. Adjusthe gap by adding shim washers to the top
mounting bolt between the lap bar and the
mounting block.
d. Check the results of any adjustments to
the conditions described in section a,
above. Repeat any adjustment procedures
as required until all conditions are met.
E. Lap Bar Adjustment
1.
Proper lap bar and seat adjustment will result
in the following:
a. In the neutral position with hands on the
lap bars,
1. Operator’s upper arms should be relaxed
and approximately vertical.
2. Operator’s forearms should be approximately vertical.
b. In the full forward position,
1. Operator’s back should stay in contact
with the seat back.
2. Lap bars should not contact operator’s
legs.
c. In the full reverse position,
1. Lap bars should not contact the operator’s legs or torso.
2. Set the seat to the preferred operating position.
a. Adjustment lever is located under the front
edge of the seat.
b.
Check factory settings of lap bars for the conditions listed above.
Lap Bar Mounting
Bolt and Nuts
Figure. 11
The seat has five inches of front-to-rear
adjustment available.
28
F. Deck leveling Procedure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
mower centerline. The blade-to-ground height at
the rear of the blade tip should be 1/8" to 1/4” higher
than the front tip. This is referred to as blade pitch.
The sam height difference should be true for the left
blade, measured front and back.
8. To adjust the blade pitch the deck pitch must be
adjusted. Loosen the inner jam nuts at the rear of
the horizontal threaded rods. Start at Point C to
raise the rear of the deck, tighten the rear outer jam
nut to raise the deck pitch. Adjust the rear jam nut at
Point D to take the “slack out of the threaded rod.
9. The final adjustment would be to take the “slack”
out of the left rear linkage (Point D) by adjusting the
jam nuts on the eyebolt. Loosen the jam nuts and
tighten the upper nut to remove “slack”.
10. In many cases it will be necessary to adjust deck
height using both eyebolt adjustments and pitch
adjustment to achieve the correct blade-to-ground
heights. If you remember that the front right blade
tip adjustment is fixed and you level to that height,
adjusting the decks will be simplified.
11. Once the deck is level one may find that the height
of cut does not match the height of cut indicator. A
final adjustment may be made by lowering or raising the height of cut link accordingly. To raise the
deck: remove the shoulder bolt mounting the height
of cut link to the lift handle and reassemble the
shoulder bolt in the lowest of the three holes. To
lower the deck: remove the shoulder bolts mounting
the height of cut link, flip the height of cut link
around and reassemble the shoulder bolts in the
top of the set of three holes and the bottom hole.
(see Fig. 12)
Park the mower on a flat paved surface, engage the
parking brake, shut off the engine, remove the key
from the ignition switch, disconnect the spark plug
wires and using the second foot pedal, lower the
mowing deck into the 4" height of cut position. (The
4" height of cut position is recommended in order
for one to see and obtain a measurement. Any
height of cut position is acceptable as long as a
proper measurement can be taken.)
Check the right and left front tire pressure. Adjust as
necessary to 20-25 psi. Tire pressure can affect
blade height by as much as a 1/4”.
Check the right and left rear Drive tire pressure.
Adjust as necessary to 10-12 psi.
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip of
the right blade. To obtain an accurate measure,
align blades in parallel with mower centerline, (i.e.
front to back).
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip of
the left blade. Be sure to measure at the blade tip
with the blades arranged in proper position.
To level the deck, adjust the eyebolt at the left front
of the deck (Point B) so that the blade-to-ground
height at the right front blade tip matches that of the
left front blade tip. This is done by loosening the jam
nuts on the eyebolt and tightening the upper nut to
raise the deck and loosening the nut to lower the
deck. The right front blade tip height is fixed so you
must adjust the left front tip to match it.
Measure the blade-to-ground height at the right rear
blade tip. Again be sure to measure at the blade tip
at the rear of the right blade when aligned along the
Height of Cut LInk
Main Frame
Eyebolt
Point B
Eyebolt
Point A
Point D
Point C
Figure. 12
29
Jam Nuts
Fuel & Lube Specifications
A.Fuel Specifications
Use good quality fuel to get the correct power and performance from the engine. The recommended fuel specification for Caterpillar engines is shown below.
Cetane number
Viscosity
Density
Sulphur
Distillation
3.
45 minimum
2.0/4.5 centistrokes at 40 C (104 F)
0,835/0,855 kg/litre
0.2% of mass, maximum
85% at 350 C (662 F)
Cetane number: Cetane number indicates ignition performance. Fuel with a low cetane number can cause
cold start problems and affect combustion.
4.
pump is included within the main fuel filter for use
in the event of first time start-up when fuel is
depleted from the system. The primer should be
pumped by hand until all air is purged (view
return line in fuel tank).
The Main Fuel Filter is a spin-on cartridge that
should be changed every 500 hours of use (or
sooner depending on fuel quality and operating
conditions). This fuel filter is attached to a
mechanical hand primer. The primer must be
used to purge the fuel system of air.
The Fuel Valve provides a means to switch from
the “left” to “right” tank or “off” positions.
C.Lubricating Oil Specifications
Viscosity: Viscosity is the resistance to flow and if this
is outside limits, engine performance can be affected.
Use only good quality lubricating oil, such as shell Rimula 15W40 which meets Caterpillar ECF-I and either of
the following:
Density: Low density will reduce engine power, higher
density will increase engine power and exhaust smoke.
• API-CH-4 plus
• ACEA E5
Sulphur: High sulphur content (not normally found in
Europe, North America or Australasia) can cause engine
wear. if only high sulphur fuels are available, it will be
necessary to use a highly alkaline lubricating oil in the
engine or reduce the lubricating oil change interval.
Note: API CI-4 plus and ACEA ES oils that have not
met the requirements of Caterpillar’s ECF-I specification
may cause reduced engine life.
Distillation: This is an indication of the mixture of different hydrocarbons in the fuel. A high ratio of light weight
hydrocarbons can affect the combustion characteristics.
Caution: Always ensure that the correct viscosity grade
of lubricating oil is used for the ambient temperature
range in which the engine will run as shown in the chart
below.
Recommended SAE viscosity grades
Low temperature fuels: Special winter fuels may be
available for engine operation at temperatures below
0 C (32 F). These fuels limit the formation of wax in the
fuel oil at low temperatures. If wax forms in the fuel oil,
this could stop the flow of fuel oil through the filter.
A
0W
5W20
10W30
15W40
20W50
Aviation kerosene and R.M.E. type fuels: These fuels
may be used, but can effect the engine performance and
starting ability. The only aviation fuels that are permitted
for use with these engines are: JP5, Jet A and JP8 providing that 5% spindle oil is added, Aviation fuel JP4 is
not recommended. For more information on aviation
fuels refer to the Caterpillar application department.
Only up to 5% R.M.E. in mineral oil diesel fuel is permitted. Biodiesel blends of up to 5% B100 and #2 diesel
fuel (B5) are allowed.
Electrical shut-off solenoid (ESOS): The ESOS is fitted to the right hand side of the cylinder block, at the
rear of the fuel injection pump. When the solenoid is deenergised, a control rod pushes the fuel control rack to
the ‘no fuel position’ in the injection pump. The unit operates from a 12V supply in an ‘energise to run’ condition,
an electrical failure will give automatic fuel shut-off.
20
30
40
-30
-22
2.
-10
14
0
32
10
50
B
20
68
30 40
86 104
50 C
122 F
Viscosity chart
A = Recommended viscosity
B = Ambient temperature
Ensure the lubricating oil sump is filled slowly after warm
up, check with the dipstick that the oil level is correct.
Change the oil and filter in accordance with the service
instruction.
B.Fuel System
1.
-20
-4
A Fuel Strainer/Water Seperator is provided
between the fuel tank and fuel pump. It should be
inspected daily and purged of any contaminents.
The Fuel Pump provided on the engine is a
direct drive mechanical diaphragm type. A primer
30
WIRING DIAGRAM
GD: 02003026
31
Notes
32
Notes
33
Notes
34
35
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR CUB CADET COMMERCIAL
TANK ZERO-TURN COMMERCIAL RIDING MOWER
IMPORTANT: To obtain warranty coverage owner may be required
present proof of purchase and applicable maintenance records to the
servicing dealer. Please see the operator’s manual for information on
required maintenance and service intervals. In addition, Cub Cadet
may deny warranty coverage if the hour meter, or any part thereof, is
altered, modified, disconnected or otherwise tampered with.
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Cub Cadet LLC with
respect to new merchandise used for commercial and related purposes
purchased and used in the United States and/or its territories and
possessions, and by MTD Products Limited with respect to new
merchandise purchased and used in Canada and/or its territories and
possessions (either entity respectively, “Cub Cadet”).
Cub Cadet warrants this product (excluding its No-Fault Components,
Engines, and Batteries as described below) against defects in material
and workmanship for a period of three (3) years from the date of
original retail purchase or lease and will, at its option, repair or replace,
free of charge, any part found to be defective in materials or
workmanship.
Engines are warranted to be free from defects in material and
workmanship for a period of two (2) years from the date of original
purchase or lease.
Batteries have a one-year prorated limited warranty against defects in
material and workmanship, with 100% replacement during the first three
months. After three months, the battery replacement credit is based on
the months remaining in the twelve (12) month period dating back to the
original date of original sale or lease. Any replacement battery will be
warranted only for the remainder of the original warranty period.
No-Fault Components include only belts, tires, seats and grass bags
which are warranted to be free from defects in material and
workmanship for a period of thirty (30) days from the date of original
purchase or lease or one hundred (100) hours of operation (whichever
comes first).
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available, WITH
PROOF OF PURCHASE AND APPLICABLE MAINTAINCE
RECORDS, through your local authorized service dealer. To locate the
dealer in your area;
In the U.S.A.:
Check your Yellow Pages, or contact Cub Cadet LLC at P.O. Box
361131, Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019, or call 1-877-282- 8684, or log
on to our Web site at www.cubcadetcommercial.com.
In Canada:
For all provinces excluding Quebec contact Modern Power Products
d/o MTD Canada Ltd. At 60 Ottawa Street South, Kitchener, Ontario
N2G 3S7 or call 1-800-567-6775 or log on to our website at
www.cubcadet.ca.
This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the following cases:
a.
Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters, blade
sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch adjustments,
deck adjustments, control linkages, drive system, engines, and
normal deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or
exposure.
b.
Service completed by someone other than an authorized
service dealer.
c.
For products sold or exported outside of the United States
and/or Canada, and their respective possessions and
territories, except those sold through Cub Cadet’s authorized
channels of export distribution.
d.
Damage or failure resulting from the use of defective or
improper peplacement parts and\or accessories other than
genuine Cub Cadet parts.
e.
Transportation charges and service calls.
f.
Failure to operate and maintain the product in accordance with
the Operator’s Manual furnished with the product,
g.
Damages and failures resulting from misuse, abuse, neglect,
accident, improper maintenance, alteration, vandalism, theft,
fire, water, or damage because of other peril or natural
disaster.
There are no implied warranties, including without limitation any
implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose. No warranties shall apply after the applicable period of
express written warranty above. No other express warranties
beyond those mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product, shall
bind Cub Cadet. The exclusive remedy is repair or replacement of
the product as set forth above. The terms of this warranty provide
the sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale and/or lease
of the products covered hereby. Cub Cadet shall not be liable for
any incidental or consequential loss or damage including, without
limitation, expenses incurred for substitute or replacement lawn
care services or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a
warranted product.
Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental
or consequential damages, or limitations on how long an implied
warranty lasts, so the above exclusions or limitations may not apply to
you. This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights that vary in different jurisdictions.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the amount of the
purchase price of the product sold. Alteration of safety features of
the product shall void this warranty. You assume the risk and liability
for loss, damage, or injury to you and your property and/or to others
and their property arising out of improper use, misuse or inability to use
the product. This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than
the original purchaser/Leasee or to the person for whom it was
purchased or leased as a gift.
In Quebec contact Les Distributions RVI Ltee. d/o MTD Canada Ltd.
2955 jean-Baptiste Deschamps, Ville Lachine, Quebec H8T 1C5 or call
1-800-361-5770 or log on to our website at www.cubcadet.info.
Cub Cadet LLC - P.O. Box 361131, Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019; Phone 1-877-282-8684
Form No. 02003434 Rev. 07-0 01/31/2007