Cub Cadet Z-Force 54-KH User's Manual

Safe Operation Practices • Set-Up • Operation • Maintenance • Service • Troubleshooting • Warranty
Operator’s Manual
Z-Force 54-KH
WARNING
READ AND FOLLOW ALL SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS MANUAL
BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE THIS MACHINE.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY.
CUB CADET LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019
Printed In USA
Form No. 769-05053
(October 21, 2009)
1
To The Owner
Thank You
Thank you for purchasing a Cub Cadet Commercial Zero-Turn
Tractor. It was carefully engineered to provide excellent
performance when properly operated and maintained.
Please read this entire manual prior to operating the equipment.
It instructs you how to safely and easily set up, operate and
maintain your machine. Please be sure that you, and any other
persons who will operate the machine, carefully follow the
recommended safety practices at all times. Failure to do so could
result in personal injury or property damage.
If you have any problems or questions concerning the machine,
phone your local Cub Cadet dealer or contact us directly. Cub
Cadet’s Customer Support telephone numbers, website address
and mailing address can be found on this page. We want to
ensure your complete satisfaction at all times.
Throughout this manual, all references to right and left side of the
machine are observed from the operating position.
All information in this manual is relative to the most recent
product information available at the time of printing. Review
this manual frequently to familiarize yourself with the machine,
its features and operation. Please be aware that this Operator’s
Manual may cover a range of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics and features discussed and/or illustrated
in this manual may not be applicable to all models. We reserve
the right to change product specifications, designs and
equipment without notice and without incurring obligation.
Table of Contents
Safe Operation Practices......................................... 3
Assembly & Set-Up................................................... 9
Controls & Features.................................................11
Operation.................................................................14
Maintenance & Adjustment..................................21
Service..................................................................... 29
Troubleshooting..................................................... 33
Replacement Parts................................................. 35
Attachments & Accessories................................... 37
Specifications.......................................................... 38
Warranties.............................................................. 42
Record Product Information
Model Number
Before setting up and operating your new equipment, please
locate the model plate on the equipment and record the
information in the provided area to the right. You can locate the
model plate by lifting the foot plate and looking at the top of the
frame at front of the tractor. This information will be necessary,
should you seek technical support via our web site or with your
local Cub Cadet dealer.
Serial Number
Customer Support
If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation, or maintenance of
this machine, you can seek help from the experts. Choose from the options below:
2
◊
Visit us on the web at www.cubcadet.com
◊
Locate your nearest Cub Cadet Dealer at (877) 282-8684
◊
Write us at Cub Cadet LLC • P.O. Box 361131 • Cleveland, OH • 44136-0019
Important Safe Operation Practices
2
WARNING! This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed,
could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow
all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply
with these instructions may result in personal injury.
When you see this symbol. HEED ITS WARNING!
California Proposition 65
WARNING! Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components
contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and birth defects
or other reproductive harm.
WARNING! Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling
DANGER! This machine was built to be operated according to the safe operation practices in
this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the
operator can result in serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet
and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in
serious injury or death.
General Operation
1.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to
assemble and operate. Keep this manual in a safe place for
future and regular reference and for ordering replacement
parts.
2.
Be familiar with all controls and their proper operation.
Know how to stop the machine and disengage them
quickly.
3.
Never allow children under 14 years of age to operate this
machine. Children 14 and over should read and understand
the instructions and safe operation practices in this manual
and on the machine and should be trained and supervised
by an adult.
4.
Never allow adults to operate this machine without proper
instruction.
5.
To help avoid blade contact or a thrown object injury,
keep bystanders, helpers, children and pets at least 75 feet
from the machine while it is in operation. Stop machine if
anyone enters the area.
6.
Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be
used. Remove all stones, sticks, wire, bones, toys, and other
foreign objects which could be picked up and thrown by
the blade(s). Thrown objects can cause serious personal
injury.
7.
Plan your mowing pattern to avoid discharge of material
toward roads, sidewalks, bystanders and the like. Also,
avoid discharging material against a wall or obstruction
which may cause discharged material to ricochet back
toward the operator.
8.
Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during
operation and while performing an adjustment or repair
to protect your eyes. Thrown objects which ricochet can
cause serious injury to the eyes.
9.
Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and close-fitting
slacks and shirts. Loose fitting clothes and jewelry can be
caught in movable parts. Never operate this machine in
bare feet or sandals.
10.
Be aware of the mower and attachment discharge direction
and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without the discharge cover or entire grass catcher in its
proper place.
11.
Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under the
cutting deck. Contact with the blade(s) can amputate
hands and feet.
3
12.
A missing or damaged discharge cover can cause blade
contact or thrown object injuries.
13.
Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel drives, walks, or
roads and while not cutting grass.
14.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways. This machine is not intended for use on any
public roadway.
15.
Do not operate the machine while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
16.
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
17.
Never carry passengers.
18.
Back up slowly. Always look down and behind before and
while backing to avoid a back-over accident. Be aware
and pay attention to the safety system function that
stops power to the blades when driving in reverse. If not
functioning properly, contact an authorized dealer for
safety system inspection and repair.
19.
Slow down before turning. Operate the machine smoothly.
Avoid erratic operation and excessive speed.
20.
Disengage blade(s), set parking brake, stop engine and wait
until the blade(s) come to a complete stop before removing
grass catcher, emptying grass, unclogging chute, removing
any grass or debris, or making any adjustments.
21.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off
blade(s), place drive control levers in neutral, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key before dismounting.
22. Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into
a trailer or truck. This machine should not be driven up or
down ramp(s), because the machine could tip over, causing
serious personal injury. The machine must be pushed
manually on ramp(s) to load or unload properly.
23.
Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn. Do
not touch.
24.
Check overhead clearances carefully before driving under
low hanging tree branches, wires, door openings etc.,
where the operator may be struck or pulled from the
machine, which could result in serious injury.
25.
Disengage all attachment clutches, set the parking brake
to the ‘on’ position and move the RH and LH drive
control levers fully outward to the neutral position before
attempting to start the engine.
26.
Your machine is designed to cut normal residential grass of
a height no more than 10”. Do not attempt to mow through
unusually tall, dry grass (e.g., pasture) or piles of dry leaves.
Dry grass or leaves may contact the engine exhaust and/
or build up on the mower deck presenting a potential fire
hazard.
27.
Use only accessories and attachments approved for this
machine by the machine manufacturer. Read, understand
and follow all instructions provided with the approved
accessory or attachment.
28. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are
involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related
injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability
to operate the riding mower safely enough to protect
themselves and others from serious injury.
4
Section 2 — Important Safe Operation Practices
29.
If situations occur which are not covered in this manual, use
care and good judgment. Contact your customer service
representative for assistance.
Slope Operation
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and tip-over
accidents which can result in severe injury or death. All slopes
require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you
feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
For your safety, use the slope gauge included as part of this
manual to measure slopes before operating this machine on
a sloped or hilly area. If the slope is greater than 15 degrees as
shown on the slope gauge, do not operate this machine on that
area or serious injury could result.
Do:
1.
Mow across slopes, not up and down. Exercise extreme
caution when changing direction on slopes.
2.
Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden
objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall
grass can hide obstacles.
3.
Use slow speed. Choose a low enough speed so that you
will not have to stop while on the slope. Avoid starting
or stopping on a slope. If the tires are unable to maintain
traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly and
carefully straight down the slope.
4.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel
weights or counterweights to improve stability.
5.
Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments.
These can change the stability of the machine.
6.
Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do
not make sudden changes in speed or direction. Rapid
acceleration or deceleration could cause the front of the
machine to lift and rapidly flip over backwards, which
could cause serious injury.
Do Not:
1.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary; then turn slowly
uphill and use extra care while turning.
2.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches or embankments. The
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge
of a cliff, ditch, or if an edge caves in.
3.
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on
the ground.
4.
Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes.
5.
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause
sliding.
6.
Do not tow heavy pull behind attachments (e.g. loaded
dump cart, lawn roller, etc.) on slopes greater than 5
degrees. When going down hill, the extra weight tends
to push the tractor and may cause you to loose control
(e.g. tractor may speed up, braking and steering ability are
reduced, attachment may jack-knife and cause tractor to
overturn).
Children
1.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children. Children are often attracted to the
machine and the mowing activity. They do not understand
the dangers. Never assume that children will remain where
you last saw them.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Keep children out of the mowing area and in
watchful care of a responsible adult other than the
operator.
Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the
area.
To avoid back-over accidents, always look behind
and down for small children.
Never carry children, even with the blade(s) shut off.
They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere
with safe machine operation.
Use extreme care when approaching blind corners,
doorways, shrubs, trees or other objects that may
block your vision of a child who may run into the
path of the machine.
Keep children away from hot or running engines.
They can suffer burns from a hot muffler.
Remove key when machine is unattended to prevent unauthorized operation.
•
The fore/aft single-locking adjustment tracks operate on
roller-bearings for smooth and almost effortless operation.
The lever for seat track actuation is near the right front
corner of the seat bottom, and allows fore/aft adjustment
of 4”.
•
The seat is attached to pivotal brackets, which allow the
seat assembly to pivot forward onto the foot platform area.
NOTE: The Operator Presence Sensor must be connected
to the electrical wiring harness.
Service
Safe Handling of Gasoline:
1.
To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely
flammable and the vapors are explosive. Serious
personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on
yourself or your clothes which can ignite. Wash your skin
and change clothes immediately.
a.
Use only an approved gasoline container.
b.
Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other
sources of ignition.
c.
Never fuel machine indoors.
d.
Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine
is hot or running. Allow engine to cool at least two
minutes before refueling.
e.
Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than ½
inch below bottom of filler neck to allow space for
fuel expansion.
Towing
f.
Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
1.
Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed for
towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at the
hitch point.
g.
If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and
equipment. Move machine to another area. Wait 5
minutes before starting the engine.
2.
Follow the manufacturers recommendation for weight
limits for towed equipment and towing on slopes.
h.
3.
Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.
To reduce fire hazards, keep machine free of grass,
leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean up oil or fuel
spillage and remove any fuel soaked debris.
4.
On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may cause
loss of traction and loss of control.
i.
5.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
Never store or re-fuel the machine or fuel container
inside where there is an open flame, spark or pilot
light as on a water heater, space heater, furnace,
clothes dryer or other gas appliances.
6.
Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill.
j.
Allow a machine to cool at least five minutes before
storing.
f.
g.
2.
Never allow children under 14 years of age to operate this
machine. Children 14 and over should read and understand
the instructions and safe operation practices in this manual
and on the machine and should be trained and supervised
by an adult.
Suspension Seat
This unit is equipped with a heavy-duty vinyl fabric-covered seat
incorporating adjustable armrests, an adjustable seat back, an
adjustable fore/aft track, a weight/ride adjustable mechanical
suspension system, and an Operator Presence Sensor (OPS).
2.
Avoid Static Discharge
a.
The OPS, in the form of a switch, is integrated into the seat
bottom and is connected to the machine electrical system.
Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck
or trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place
containers on the ground away from your vehicle
before filling.
b.
•
The weight/ride adjustment lever is located on the right
side of the seat back and incorporates three settings: light
= 110 lbs, medium = 195 lbs, and heavy = 286 lbs. Lever up
is light and down is heavy. Weight adjustment should be
made without the operator sitting in the seat.
When practical, remove gas-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground.
If this is not possible, then refuel such equipment on
a trailer with a portable container, rather than from a
gasoline dispenser nozzle.
c.
•
The seat back recline adjustment is also on the right side
between the seat back and seat bottom, and it provides up
to 10 degrees.
Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until fueling is
complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
•
Section 2 — Important Safe Operation Practices
5
General Service
1.
2.
Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, make certain the
blade(s) and all moving parts have stopped. Disconnect the
spark plug wire and ground against the engine to prevent
unintended starting.
3.
Periodically check to make sure the blades come to
complete stop within approximately (5) five seconds after
operating the blade disengagement control. If the blades
do not stop within the this time frame, your machine
should be serviced professionally by an authorized dealer.
4.
Regularly check the safety interlock system for proper
function, as described later in this manual. If the safety
interlock system does not function properly, have your
machine serviced professionally by an authorized dealer.
5.
6
Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area.
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless,
and deadly gas.
Check the blade(s) and engine mounting bolts at frequent
intervals for proper tightness. Also, visually inspect blade(s)
for damage (e.g., excessive wear, bent, cracked). Replace
the blade(s) with the original equipment manufacturer’s
(O.E.M.) blade(s) only, listed in this manual. “Use of parts
which do not meet the original equipment specifications
may lead to improper performance and compromise
safety!”
6.
Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear gloves,
and use extra caution when servicing them.
7.
Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
8.
Never tamper with the safety interlock system or other
safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.
9.
After striking a foreign object, stop the engine, disconnect
the spark plug wire(s) and ground against the engine.
Thoroughly inspect the machine for any damage. Repair
the damage before starting and operating.
10.
Never attempt to make adjustments or repairs to the
machine while the engine is running.
11.
Grass catcher components and the discharge cover are
subject to wear and damage which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. For safety protection,
frequently check components and replace immediately
with original equipment manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) parts only,
listed in this manual. “Use of parts which do not meet the
original equipment specifications may lead to improper
performance and compromise safety!”
Section 2 — Important Safe Operation Practices
12.
Do not change the engine governor settings or over-speed
the engine. The governor controls the maximum safe
operating speed of the engine.
13.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as
necessary.
14.
Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for gas, oil,
etc. to protect the environment.
15.
According to the Consumer Products Safety Commission
(CPSC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
this product has an Average Useful Life of seven (7) years,
or 270 hours of operation. At the end of the Average Useful
Life have the machine inspected annually by an authorized
service dealer to ensure that all mechanical and safety
systems are working properly and not worn excessively.
Failure to do so can result in accidents, injuries or death.
Do not modify engine
To avoid serious injury or death, do not modify engine in any
way. Tampering with the governor setting can lead to a runaway
engine and cause it to operate at unsafe speeds. Never tamper
with factory setting of engine governor.
Notice Regarding Emissions
Engines which are certified to comply with California and federal
EPA emission regulations for SORE (Small Off Road Equipment)
are certified to operate on regular unleaded gasoline, and
may include the following emission control systems: Engine
Modification (EM) and Three Way Catalyst (TWC) if so equipped.
Spark Arrestor
Warning! This machine is equipped with an
internal combustion engine and should not be used
on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brushcovered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s
exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester
meeting applicable local or state laws (if any).
If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective
working order by the operator. In the State of California the
above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public
Resources Code). Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws
apply on federal lands.
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your
nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service
department, P.O. Box 361131 Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019.
Safety Symbols
This page depicts and describes safety symbols that may appear on this product. Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine before attempting to assemble and operate.
Symbol
Description
READ THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL(S)
Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual(s) before attempting to
assemble and operate
WARNING— ROTATING BLADES
Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under the cutting deck. Contact with the
blade(s) can amputate hands and feet.
WARNING—THROWN OBJECTS
This machine may pick up and throw and objects which can cause serious personal injury.
WARNING—THROWN OBJECTS
This machine may pick up and throw and objects which can cause serious personal injury.
BYSTANDERS
Keep bystanders, helpers, children and pets at least 75 feet from the machine while it is in
operation.
WARNING— SLOPE OPERATION
Do not operate this machine on a slope greater than 15 degrees.
DANGER — ROTATING BLADES
To reduce the risk of injury, keep hands and feet away. Do not operate unless discharge cover
or grass catcher is in its proper place. If damaged, replace immediately.
Warning! Your Responsibility—Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read, understand and
follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
Section 2 — Important Safe Operation Practices
7
8
Section 2 — Safe Operation Practices
d line
(repr
esent
s a 15
° slop
e)
Operate Z-Force zero turn tractors across the face of slopes rather than up and down. Begin with the first pass across the
bottom of the slope and turn uphill at the end of each pass whenever possible.
WARNING! Do not operate your lawn mower on such slopes. Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees
(a rise of approximately 2-1/2 feet every 10 feet). A riding mower could overturn and cause serious injury. Operate riding
mowers up and down slopes, never across the face of slopes.
Use this page as a guide to determine slopes where you may not operate safely.
15°
dotte
or a fence post
or a corner of a building...
long
Fold a
Sight and hold this level with a vertical tree...
3
Assembly & Set-Up
Contents of Crate
•
One Zero-Turn Tractor
•
One Engine Operator’s Manual
•
•
One Tractor Operator’s
Manual
Tractor Preparation
2.
Remove the upper crating material from the shipping pallet, and
cut any bands or tie straps securing the tractor to the pallet.
One Deck Wash Hose Coupler
Remove the two shoulder bolts, nuts and spacers securing
the seat as shown in Fig. 3-2.
Use the lift handle to raise the deck to its highest position.
Engage the transmission bypass rods on each side of the
tractor; then carefully roll the tractor off the shipping pallet.
The transmission bypass rods (one for each the RH and LH
transmission) are located beneath the frame platform, just inside
each rear wheel. Disengage the bypass rods. See Fig. 3-1.
Nut
Bolt
Keyhole Slot
Transmission
Bypass Rods
Figure 3-2
3.
Rotate the seat into position and secure the seat into place
with the previously removed shoulder bolts, nuts and
spacers. Be careful not to crimp or damage the wire harness
while installing the seat. See Fig. 3-3.
Figure 3-1
Remove the deck wash system nozzle adapter and oil drain tube
from the manual bag and store for future use. Cut the wire tie
holding the chute deflector up and discard any packing material.
Install Operator’s Seat
To install the seat proceed as follows:
NOTE: The seat is shipped with the seat switch and seat pan
attached.
1.
Cut any straps securing the seat assembly and the drive
control levers to the tractor. Remove any packing material.
NOTE: Be careful not to cut the wiring harness connecting the
seat and the seat switch in the bottom of the seat.
Bolt
Nut
Spacer
Wire Harness
Figure 3-3
9
4.
Install lanyard using existing self-tapping screw. See Fig.
3-4.
Connecting the Battery Cables
California Proposition 65 Warning!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Existing Selftapping Screw
Caution: When attaching battery cables, always
connect the POSITIVE (Red) wire to its terminal first,
followed by the NEGATIVE (Black) wire.
For shipping reasons, both battery cables on your equipment
may have been left disconnected from the terminals at the
factory. To connect the battery cables, proceed as follows:
NOTE: The positive battery terminal is marked Pos. (+). The
negative battery terminal is marked Neg. (–).
NOTE: If the positive battery cable is already attached, skip
ahead to step 2.
Lanyard
Figure 3-4
1.
Remove the plastic cover, if present, from the positive
battery terminal and attach the red cable to the positive
battery terminal (+) with the bolt and hex nut. See Fig. 3-6.
2.
Remove the plastic cover, if present, from the negative
battery terminal and attach the black cable to the negative
NOTE: Insert self-tapping screw through hole in lanyard
and down into the same hole that it was removed from.
Position Drive Control levers
The drive control levers of the tractor are lowered for shipping
purposes. Using the hardware found in the manual bag, the
control levers must be repositioned to operate the tractor. To
reposition the control levers for operation, proceed as follows:
1.
Lift and swing the control levers up into the operating
position.
2.
From the outside, insert the bolts through the hourglass
spacers and the holes of the pivot bracket. Secure with the
flange lock nuts. See Fig. 3-5.
Figure 3-6
Nut
Bolt
battery terminal (–) with the bolt and hex nut. See Fig. 3-6.
3.
Hourglass
Spacer
Figure 3-5
3.
10
Refer to “Adjusting the Drive Control Levers” in the
Maintenance & Adjustments section for instructions on the
final adjustment of the levers.
Section 2— Assembly & Set-Up
Position the red rubber boot over the positive battery
terminal to help protect it from corrosion.
NOTE: If the battery is put into service after the date shown
on top/side of battery, charge the battery as instructed in the
Maintenance section your Operator’s Manual prior to operating
the tractor.
4
Controls and Features
Throttle Control
WARNING
SLOW
Choke Control
FAST
START
CHOKE ON
OFF
ON
NEUTRAL
W A R N I N G
BRAKE
Parking Brake
Fuel Shut-Off Valve
RH Drive
Control Lever
Fuel Tank
LH Drive
Control Lever
Deck Lift
Pedal
PTO Switch
STOP
RUN
START
Hour Meter
Ignition Switch
Deck Height
Index
Figure 4-1
NOTE: References to LEFT, RIGHT, FRONT, and REAR indicate that
Deck Lift Pedal
position on the tractor when facing forward while seated in the
The deck lift pedal is located on the right front corner of the foot
operator’s seat.
platform, and is used to raise and lower the mower deck.
Deck Height Index
The deck height index consists of several holes located on the
front/right of the foot platform. Each hole corresponds to a 1⁄4”
change in the deck height position ranging from 1” at the lowest
notch to 4” at the highest notch.
To raise the mowing deck to the transport position, push the
upper part of the pedal all the way forward and place the clevis
pin in furthest hole from you and secure with the cotter pin.
To lower the deck, remove the clevis pin and reinsert it in the
desired cutting height and secure with cotter pin.
RH and LH Drive Control Levers
The RH and LH control levers are located on each side of the
operator’s seat. These hinged levers pivot outward to open
space to permit the operator to either sit in the tractor seat, or to
dismount the tractor. The levers must be fully opened out and in
the neutral position and locked to start the tractor engine.
Each lever controls the respective RH or LH transmission.
Consequently, these levers control all of the movements of the
tractor. Driving and steering utilizing these control levers is
quite different from conventional tractors, and will take some
practice to master. Refer to Operation for instructions on using
the control levers.
11
Ignition Switch
Pull the throttle control handle rearward to decrease the engine
speed.
The ignition switch is located on
the RH console to the right of
the operator’s seat. The ignition
switch has three positions as
follows:
Choke Knob
The choke knob is located on the left side of
the mower next to the operator’s seat. The
choke knob controls the position of the engine
choke. Pull the knob out to choke the engine;
push the knob in to open the choke.
OFF — The engine and electrical
system is turned off.
RUN — The tractor electrical system is energized.
START — The starter motor will turn over the engine. Release the
key immediately when the engine starts
NOTE: To prevent accidental starting and/or battery discharge,
remove the key from the ignition switch when the tractor is not
in use.
Power Take-Off (PTO) Switch
Parking Brake Engagement Lever
OFF
ON
P BRAKE
The parking brake engagement lever is located on the LH
console to the left of the operator’s seat., and when pulled to the
rear, engages the parking brake.
The PTO switch is located on the RH console
to the right of the operator’s seat next to the
ignition switch.
NOTE: If the LH and RH drive control levers are not in the
neutral position and locked when engaging the parking brake,
the engine will stop. The parking brake must be placed in the
engaged position when starting the tractor engine.
The PTO switch operates the electric PTO
clutch mounted on the bottom of the engine
crankshaft. Pull the switch knob upward to
engage the PTO clutch, or push the knob
downward to disengage the clutch.
Fuel Tank
The PTO switch must be in the “disengaged”
position when starting the engine.
The fuel tanks are located to the right and left of the operator’s
seat. Turn the fill cap counter-clockwise to remove.
Hour Meter
Turn the cap clockwise to tighten Always re-install the fuel cap
tightly onto the fuel tank after removing.
Warning! Never fill the fuel tank when the engine
is running. If the engine is hot from recently running,
allow to cool for several minutes before refueling.
Highly flammable gasoline could splash onto the
engine and cause a fire.
1234.5
The hour meter/indicator panel is located on the RH console to
the right of the operator’s seat. The hour meter records the hours
that the tractor has been operated in the digital display.
The hour meter is activated whenever the ignition switch is
turned to the “ON” position. Keep a record of the actual hours of
operation to assure all maintenance procedures are completed
according to the instructions in this manual and the engine
manual.
NOTE: An optional meter provides engine speed (RPM), service
reminders (oil, lube), and running time (hours).
Throttle Control
SLOW
FAST
The throttle control is located on the LH console to the left of the
operator’s seat. When set in a given position, a uniform engine
speed will be maintained.
Push the throttle control handle forward to increase the engine
speed. The tractor is designed to operate with the throttle
control in the fast position (full throttle) when the tractor is being
driven and the mower deck is engaged.
12
Section 4— Controls and Features
Seat Adjustment Lever (Not Shown)
The seat adjustment lever is located below the front/left of the
seat. The lever allows for adjustment of the fore to aft position
of the operator’s seat. Refer to the Maintenance & Adjustments
section for instructions on adjusting the seat position.
Fuel Shut-Off Valve
Transmission Bypass Rods (Not Shown)
The fuel shut-off valve is located on top of the fuel tank. When
turned in a clockwise direction until it stops, it will shut off the
flow of fuel to the engine. When turned in a counterclockwise
direction it will open and allow fuel to flow to the engine. See
Fig. 4-2.
The transmission bypass rods (one for each the RH and LH
transmission) are located beneath the frame platform, just inside
each rear wheel. See Fig. 3-1 on page 9.
CLOSE
When engaged, the two rods open a bypass within the
hydrostatic transmissions, which allows the tractor to be pushed
short distances by hand. Refer to the Maintenance & Adjustments
section for instructions on using the bypass feature.
Caution: Never tow your tractor. Towing the
tractor with the rear wheels on the ground may
cause severe damage to the transmissions.
Transmission Oil Expansion Reservoir (Not Shown)
The transmission oil expansion reservoir is connected by hoses to
the RH and LH transmission assemblies, and is located beneath
the seat box. The function of the reservoir is to hold the natural
expansion of transmission oil that occurs as the transmission
warms up during operation. DO NOT FILL THE RESERVOIR.
OPEN
Under normal operating conditions, no oil should be added
to the reservoir. The COLD oil level should be no higher than
approximately 1⁄4” (the “Full Cold” mark) above the bottom of the
reservoir. See Fig. 4-3.
Figure 4-2
NOTE: Close this valve if you are not going to run the mower for a
period of 30 minutes or more to prevent flooding the engine.
Cold Oil Full Mark
Figure 4-3
NOTE: Prior to the initial operation of the tractor, the oil level in
the reservoir may be slightly higher than the maximum due to air
in the oil lines. Operation of the tractor will eventually purge the
air from the lines and the oil level will settle to the maximum.
Section 4 — Controls and Features
13
5
Operation
General Safety
•
•
Before starting the engine or beginning operation, be
familiar with the controls. The operator should be in the
operator’s seat. The PTO switch must be in the disengaged
position, the parking brake engaged, and the RH and LH
drive control levers moved to the neutral position.
•
Keep all shields in place. Keep away from moving parts.
•
NO RIDERS! Keep all people and pets a safe distance away.
Look behind and down to both sides of the tractor before
and while backing up.
•
•
DO NOT direct the mower discharge at people. Never
walk or stand on the discharge side of the mower when
the engine is running. Turn off the PTO if another person
approaches while you are operating the mower.
Avoid slopes where possible. Never operate on slopes
greater than 15°. Slopes with a greater incline present
dangerous operating conditions. Tractors can be rolled
over. Always mow across slopes, never up and down
the slope. Avoid turning downhill if possible, start at
the bottom and work up to the top. Use extra care and
go slowly when turning downhill. Control the speed
and direction of the zero turn machine “primarily” with
the speed/directional control (lap bar) of the downhill
side of the machine, i.e., maintain the uphill side lap bar
“essentially” in a fixed position.
Avoid driving too close to trees, creeks, ditches, sand traps,
and other obstacles.
•
Slow down before turning and come to a complete stop
before any zero turn maneuver.
•
If you hit a solid object while mowing, turn off the PTO,
place the steering levers in the neutral, opened-out
position, move the throttle to slow, set the parking brake,
shut off the engine, and take the key from the ignition
switch. Inspect for damage. Repair the damage. Make sure
the blades are in good condition and that the blade bolts
are tight before restarting the engine.
•
Do not stop the tractor or park the tractor over
combustible materials such as dry grass, leaves, debris, etc.
•
Keep the mower and especially the engine and hydraulic
components clean and free of grease, grass, and leaves to
reduce the chance of fire and permit proper cooling.
•
Do not fill the fuel tank when the engine is running or
while the engine is hot. Allow the engine several minutes
to cool before refueling. Tighten the fuel cap securely.
Before Operating Your Tractor
1.
Before you operate the tractor, study this manual carefully
to familiarize yourself with the operation of all the
instruments and controls. It has been prepared to help you
operate and maintain your tractor efficiently.
2.
Fill the fuel tank with only clean, fresh, unleaded gasoline
with a pump sticker octane rating of 87 or higher. When
the fuel reaches one inch from the top of the tank, stop. DO
NOT OVERFILL. Space must be left for expansion.
•
Before leaving the operator’s seat: Shut off the PTO, move
the RH and LH drive control levers fully outward in the
neutral position, engage the parking brake, shut off the
engine and remove the ignition key. Wait for all movement
to stop before servicing or cleaning.
3.
Check the engine oil level. Pull out the oil dipstick, wipe it
off and reinsert it. Pull it out again and read the oil level. If
it is below the operating range, add oil through the fill tube
using a funnel to bring it up to the top of the operating
range.
•
When operating this mower, in the forward direction, do
not allow the steering levers to return to neutral on their
own. Operate the drive control levers smoothly and avoid
any sudden movements of the levers when starting and
stopping. Keep a firm grip on the control levers.
4.
Check the tire inflation pressures - 8-10 psi for the rear tires,
20-25 psi front caster tires.
•
14
RECEIVE INSTRUCTION — Entirely read this operator’s
manual. Learn to operate this machine SAFELY. Do not risk
INJURY or DEATH. Allow only those who have become
competent in its usage to operate this tractor.
•
Be careful when operating near gravel paths and roadways.
Stop the blades and tractor motion and wait for vehicles to
pass before operating along the road.
NOTE: New tires are overinflated in order to properly seat
the bead to the rim.
5.
Check that all nuts, bolts and screws are tight.
6.
Check the tension of the deck drive belts.
a.
Remove the deck cover
•
Do not operate the tractor with the mower deck removed.
Removal of the deck will change the balance of the tractor,
and could contribute to a tractor rollover.
b.
The tension of the deck drive belts are maintained
by a spring mechanism that adjusts for wear and
stretch.
•
Avoid operation on traction surfaces that are unstable; use
extreme caution if the surface is slippery. Always remove
debris and other objects from the area to be mowed debris and loose grass will reduce traction.
c.
Examine the belts for cuts, fraying, and excessive
wear. Replace if any of these are detected.
d.
Replace the deck cover.
•
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
•
Watch for holes, sprinkler heads, and other hidden hazards.
7.
Check if deck is level. When correctly adjusted the mower
deck should be level side to side, and the front of the deck
should be approximately 1⁄4” lower than the rear of deck.
If deck needs to be leveled, refer to the Maintenance &
Adjustments section.
5.
6.
Push the throttle control to the full forward position.
8.
Lubricate all pivot points listed in the Maintenance &
Adjustments section.
7.
9.
Adjust the seat for operator’s maximum comfort, visibility
and for maintaining complete control of the tractor.
Turn the ignition key clockwise to the “START” position
and release it as soon as the engine starts; however, do not
crank the engine continuously for more than 10 seconds
at a time. If the engine does not start within this time, turn
the key to “OFF” and wait at least 30 seconds to allow the
engine’s starter motor to cool. Try again after waiting. If
after a few attempts the engine fails to start, do not keep
trying to start it with the choke closed as this will cause
flooding and make starting more difficult.
8.
Once the engine warms up, push the choke knob down
into the OFF position.
NOTE: If the engine is warmed up, it may not be necessary
to choke the engine.
Safety Interlock System
This tractor is equipped with a safety interlock system for the
protection of the operator. If the interlock system should ever
malfunction, do not operate the tractor. Contact your authorized
Cub Cadet Dealer.
•
•
The safety interlock system prevents the engine from
cranking or starting unless the RH and LH drive control
levers are moved fully outward in the neutral position, the
parking brake is engaged, and the PTO is disengaged.
To avoid sudden movement when disengaging the parking
brake, the safety interlock system will shut off the engine
if the RH and/or LH drive control levers are moved to a
position other than the fully out in the neutral position
when the parking brake is engaged.
•
The safety interlock system will shut off the engine if the
operator leaves the seat before engaging the parking
brake.
•
The safety interlock system will shut off the engine if the
operator leaves the seat with the PTO engaged, regardless
of whether the parking brake is engaged.
Cold Weather Starting
When starting the engine at temperatures near or below
freezing, ensure the correct viscosity motor oil is used in the
engine and the battery is fully charged. Start the engine as
follows:
1.
Be sure the battery is in good condition. A warm battery
has much more starting capacity than a cold battery.
2.
Use fresh winter grade fuel. Winter grade gasoline has
higher volatility to improve starting. Do not use gasoline
left over from summer.
3.
Follow the previous instruction for Starting the Engine.
Using Jumper Cables To Start Engine
Warning! Batteries contain sulfuric acid and
produce explosive gasses. Make certain the area is
well ventilated, wear gloves and eye protection, and
avoid sparks or flames near the battery.
NOTE: The PTO switch must be moved to the “OFF”
position to restart the engine.
•
The safety interlock system will shut off the PTO and the
mower blades will stop if both drive control levers are
moved into the reverse position. The PTO will re-engage
when one or both of the levers are moved back to the
neutral or forward position.
Starting the Engine
Warning! This tractor is equipped with a safety
interlock system designed for the protection of the
operator. Do not operate the tractor if any part of
the interlock system is malfunctioning. Periodically
check the functions of the interlock system for
proper operation.
If the battery charge is not sufficient to crank the engine,
recharge the battery. If a battery charger is unavailable and
the tractor must be started, the aid of a booster battery will be
necessary. Connect the booster battery as follows:
1.
Connect the end of one cable to the disabled tractor
battery’s positive terminal; then connect the other end of
that cable to the booster battery’s positive terminal.
2.
Connect one end of the other cable to the booster
battery’s negative terminal; then connect the other end of
that cable to the negative terminal of the disabled tractor,
as far from the battery as possible.
3.
Start the disabled tractor following the normal starting
instructions previously provided; then disconnect
the jumper cables in the exact reverse order of their
connection.
4.
Have the tractor’s electrical system checked and repaired
as soon as possible to eliminate the need for jump starting.
Warning! For personal safety, the operator must
be sitting in the tractor seat when starting the
engine.
1.
Open the fuel shut-off valve.
2.
Operator must be sitting in the tractor seat with both drive
control levers in the neutral/start position.
3.
Engage the parking brake.
4.
Make certain the PTO switch is in the disengaged (down)
position.
Pull the choke knob up into the CHOKE position.
Section 5 — Operation
15
Move the RH and LH drive control levers to the neutral
position.
3.
Engage the parking brake.
4.
Move the throttle control to midway between the SLOW
and FAST positions.
5.
Turn the ignition key to the “OFF” position and remove the
key from the ignition switch.
Control Lever Moved
Inward and in Neutral
START
CHOKE ON
FAST
BRAKE
SLOW
G
Figure 5-1
NOTE: If the control levers are not even in the neutral position,
refer to Maintenance & Adjustments for instructions to adjust the
levers so that they are even.
4.
Warning! Hearing Protection is required for all
Warning! Always maintain a firm grip on the
operator exposure exceeding two (2) hours.
Driving the Tractor
Warning! Avoid sudden starts, excessive speed
and sudden stops.
16
1.
Adjust the operator’s seat to the most comfortable
position that allows you to operate the controls. See seat
adjustment in the Maintenance & Adjustments section.
2.
Release the parking brake.
Section 5— Operation
Move the throttle control lever forward to the full throttle
position.
NOTE: Although the tractor’s engine is designed to run at
full throttle, when performing a practice session the tractor
must be operated at less than full throttle. This only applies
to practice.
Use protective equipment for eyes, hands, hearing, feet, legs,
head and other areas of the body if needed — safety eye glasses,
gloves, earplugs, boots, hats, etc.
Carefully practice maneuvering the tractor using the instructions
in the following section “Driving the Tractor.” Practice until you
are confident that you can safely operate the tractor.
START
Operating a zero-turn tractor is not like operating a conventional
type riding tractor. Although and because a zero turn tractor is
more maneuverable, getting used to operating the control levers
takes some practice.
Carefully move (or have moved) the tractor to the practice area.
When performing the practice session, the PTO should not be
engaged. While practicing, operate the tractor at approximately
1⁄2-3⁄4 throttle and at less than full speed in both forward and
reverse.
RUN
Practice Operation (Initial Use)
We strongly recommend that you locate a reasonably large,
level and open “practice area” where there are no obstructions,
pedestrians, or animals. You should practice operating the
tractor for a minimum of 30 minutes.
STOP
NOTE: Always remove the key from the ignition switch to prevent
accidental starting or battery discharge if the equipment is left
unattended.
W A R N I N G
2.
OFF
Place the PTO switch in the “OFF” position.
Move the RH and LH drive control levers inward in the
neutral position. Refer to Figure 5-1.
ON
1.
3.
NEUTRAL
Stopping the Engine
control levers. DO NOT release the control levers to
slow or stop the tractor; move levers to neutral
position using your hands.
5.
To drive the tractor, firmly grasp the respective drive
control levers with your right and left hands and continue
with Driving the Tractor Forward on the following page.
1.
Driving the Tractor Forward
To turn to the left, move the left drive control lever
rearward of the right lever. See Fig. 5-3.
Warning! Keep all movement of the drive control
levers slow and smooth. Abrupt movement of the
control levers can affect the stability of the tractor
and could cause the tractor to flip over, which may
result in serious injury or death to the operator.
G
ON
W A R N I N G
START
OFF
BRAKE
FAST
Figure 5-3
2.
To turn to the right, move the right drive control lever
rearward of the left lever. See Fig. 5-4.
ON
SLOW
Neutral
Position
START
G
RUN
STOP
Slower
CHOKE ON
NEUTRAL
SLOW
START
BRAKE
OFF
FAST
Faster
RUN
STOP
CHOKE ON
START
Driving Forward
W A R N I N G
Slowly and evenly move both drive control levers forward.
The tractor will start to move forward. See Fig. 5-2.
NEUTRAL
1.
Forward Left Turn
Forward Right Turn
3.
To slow the tractor move the controls lever rearward to
attain the desired speed, or move the levers to the neutral
position to stop the tractor.
BRAKE
OFF
CHOKE ON
FAST
ON
SLOW
G
WARNING! When reversing the direction of travel,
To turn the tractor while driving forward, move the control
levers as necessary so that one lever is rearward of the other. The
tractor will turn in the direction of the rearward control lever.
START
Turning the Tractor While Driving Forward
RUN
drive control levers. Do not release the levers to slow
the tractor or to return to neutral.
we recommend performing gradual ‘U’ turns where
possible. Sharper turns increase the possibility of
turf defacement, and could affect control of the
tractor. ALWAYS slow the tractor before making
sharp turns.
STOP
WARNING! Always maintain your grasp on the
W A R N I N G
As the control levers are pushed farther forward the speed
of the tractor will increase.
START
2.
NEUTRAL
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-4
3.
The greater the fore-to-aft distance between the two
levers, the sharper the tractor will turn.
4.
To execute a “pivot turn,” move the turn side drive control
lever to the neutral position, while moving the other
control lever forward.
NOTE: Making a “pivot turn” on grass will greatly increase
the potential for defacement of the turf.
Section 5 — Operation
17
Driving the Tractor In Reverse
Turning While Driving Rearward
WARNING! Always look behind and down on both
sides of the tractor before backing up. Always look
behind while traveling in the reverse direction.
To turn the tractor while driving rearward, move the control
levers as necessary so that one lever is forward of the other. The
tractor will turn in the direction of the forward control lever.
1.
1.
To turn to the left while traveling in reverse, move the left
drive control lever forward of the right lever. See Fig. 5-6.
Slowly and evenly move both drive control levers rearward.
The tractor will start to move in the reverse direction. See
Fig. 5-5.
CHOKE ON
BRAKE
ON
G
ON
SLOW
OFF
BRAKE
OFF
FAST
W A R N I N G
START
NEUTRAL
CHOKE ON
FAST
SLOW
START
G
START
RUN
STOP
Faster
RUN
STOP
Slower
W A R N I N G
START
Neutral
Position
NEUTRAL
Rearward Left Turn
Figure 5-6
3.
To slow the tractor move the controls lever forward to
attain the desired speed, or move the levers to the neutral
position to stop the tractor.
Rearward Right Turn
W A R N I N G
As the control levers are pushed farther rearward the speed
of the tractor will increase.
To turn to the right while traveling in reverse, move the
right drive control lever forward of the left lever. See Fig.
5-7.
OFF
BRAKE
FAST
ON
SLOW
START
G
RUN
STOP
CHOKE ON
START
2.
2.
NEUTRAL
Figure 5-5
Figure 5-7
3.
The greater the fore-to-aft distance between the two
levers, the sharper the tractor will turn.
4.
To execute a “pivot turn,” move the turn side drive control
lever to the neutral position, while moving the other
control lever rearward.
NOTE: Making a “pivot turn” on grass will greatly increase
the potential for defacement of the turf.
18
Section 5— Operation
Executing a Zero Turn
Executing a “Y” manuever
Warning! When executing a zero turn, the tractor
MUST BE STOPPED. Executing a zero turn while the
tractor is moving can significantly reduce your
control of the tractor and will cause severe turf
defacement to occur.
1.
Stop the forward or reverse motion of the tractor by
moving the two drive control levers to neutral.
2.
To turn clockwise, move the left control lever forward while
simultaneously moving the right control lever rearward.
See Fig. 5-8.
Clockwise Zero Turn
For low traction conditions, follow these procedures for zero
turns (the “Y-manuever”):
To turn clockwise (front of machine moves toward RIGHT) when
traveling FORWARD:
1.
Come to a stop,
2.
Then slowly move both lap bars rearward (no more than ½
maximum reverse speed) to initiate REVERSE travel,
3.
Then slowly move the LEFT lap bar forward while
maintaining the RIGHT lap bar in the rearward travel
position.
4.
To stop the turn and reinitiate FORWARD travel, slowly
move the RIGHT lap bar from the REVERSE travel position
to a FORWARD travel position equal to that of the LEFT lap
bar.
5.
For counter-clockwise turns, reverse the above procedure.
W A R N I N G
START
1.
Move both drive control levers to the neutral position to
stop the motion of the tractor.
2.
Push the PTO switch downward to the disengaged
position.
3.
Use the deck lift pedal to raise the deck to its highest
position.
4.
If dismounting the tractor, move the drive control handles
fully outward in the neutral position, engage the parking
brake, move the throttle control lever to the fast position,
turn the ignition switch to “OFF’” and remove the key from
the switch.
G
ON
SLOW
START
BRAKE
OFF
FAST
RUN
STOP
CHOKE ON
NEUTRAL
Stopping the Tractor
Figure 5-8
3.
Warning! Do not leave the seat of the tractor
without disengaging the PTO, moving drive control
levers fully outward in the neutral position, and
engaging the parking brake. If leaving the tractor
unattended, turn the ignition key off and remove
key.
To turn counterclockwise, move the right control lever
forward while simultaneously moving the left control lever
rearward. See Fig. 5-9.
Driving On Slopes
Counterclockwise
Zero Turn
Refer to the slope gauge in the Safe Operation Section to help
determine slopes where you may not operate safely.
Warning! Do not operate on inclines with a slope
W A R N I N G
START
Always drive across slopes, never up and down. Control
the speed and direction of the tractor using primarily the
control lever on the downhill side of the tractor, with the
uphill control lever remaining essentially in a fixed position.
2.
Avoid turning downhill if possible. Start at the bottom of a
slope and work upward. Always slow down before turning.
3.
Use extra care and go slowly when turning downhill.
BRAKE
OFF
FAST
ON
SLOW
START
G
1.
RUN
STOP
CHOKE ON
NEUTRAL
in excess of 15 degrees (a rise of approximately 2-1⁄2
feet every 10 feet). The tractor could overturn and
cause serious injury.
Figure 5-9
Section 5 — Operation
19
Operating The Pto
9.
Operate the PTO clutch as follows:
1.
Move the throttle control lever to approximately the mid
throttle position.
2.
Pull the PTO switch upward to the “ENGAGED” position.
3.
Advance the throttle lever to the operating speed (full
engine speed).
4.
The operator must remain in the tractor seat at all times. If
the operator should leave the seat without turning off the
power take-off switch, the tractor’s engine will shut off.
5.
The PTO clutch cannot be operated when the tractor is
driving in the reverse direction. The PTO will disengage
when both drive control levers are moved to the reverse
position, and will re-engage when one (or both) control
lever(s) is moved to the neutral or forward position.
WARNING! Be careful when crossing gravel paths
or driveways. Disengage the PTO and raise the deck
to the highest position before crossing.
NOTE: When stopping the tractor for any reason while on a grass
surface, always:
•
Place the shift lever in neutral,
•
Engage the parking brake,
•
Shut engine off and remove the key.
•
Doing so will minimize the possibility of having your lawn
‘‘browned’’ by hot exhaust from your tractor’s running
engine.
Using the Mower Deck
Warning! Make certain the area to be mowed is
free of debris, sticks, stones, wire or other objects
that can be thrown by the rotating blades.
NOTE: Do not engage the mower deck when lowered in grass.
Premature wear and possible failure of the ‘V” belt and PTO
clutch will result. Fully raise the deck or move to a non grassy
area before engaging the mower deck.
1.
20
Mow across slopes, not up and down. If mowing a slope,
start at bottom and work upward to ensure turns are made
uphill.
To prevent rutting or grooving of the turf, if possible,
change the direction that the strips are mowed by
approximately 45° for the next and each subsequent
mowing.
Checking the Safety Interlock Circuits
Periodically check the safety interlock circuits to ensure they are
working properly. If a safety circuit is not working as designed,
contact you Cub Cadet dealer to have the tractor inspected. DO
NOT operate the tractor if any safety circuit is not functioning
properly. To check the safety circuits, proceed as follows:
1.
Sitting in the tractor seat with both drive control levers
opened fully outward, disengage the parking brake and
momentarily turn the ignition switch to the start position.
The engine should not crank.
2.
Engage the parking brake and pull the PTO switch upward
to the engaged position. Momentarily turn the ignition
switch to the start position; the engine should not crank.
3.
Push the PTO switch downward to the disengaged position
and engage the parking brake. Start the engine and move
one of the drive control levers from the fully outward
neutral position. The engine should stop running. Repeat
the procedure with the opposite control lever.
2.
On the first pass pick a point on the opposite side of the
area to be mowed.
3.
Engage the PTO clutch using the PTO switch and move the
throttle control to the fast position.
4.
Lower the mower deck to the desired height setting using
the lift handle.
5.
Slowly and evenly push the RH and LH drive control levers
forward to move the tractor forward, and keep the tractor
headed directly toward the alignment point.
4.
Move both control levers fully outward in the neutral
position and disengage the parking brake; then lift upward
from the operator’s seat. The engine should stop.
NOTE: The speed of the tractor will affect the quality of
the mower cut. Mowing at full speed will adversely affect
the cut quality. Control the ground speed with the control
levers.
5.
With both control levers fully outward in the neutral
position and the parking brake engaged, engage the PTO.
Lift upward from the operator’s seat; the engine should
stop.
6.
When approaching the other end of the strip, slow down
or stop before turning. A U-turn is recommended unless a
pivot or zero turn is required.
6.
7.
Align the mower with an edge of the mowed strip and
overlap approximately 3”.
8.
Direct the tractor on each subsequent strip to align with a
previously cut strip..
Start the tractor, disengage the parking brake, and move
the control levers inward to the neutral operating position.
Engage the PTO and move both control lever slowly into
the slow reverse position; the PTO should disengage
and the mower deck should stop until one or both of the
control levers is moved to the neutral or forward position.
Section 5— Operation
6
Maintenance & Adjustments
Maintenance Schedule
Before
Each use
Check Engine Oil/ Gasoline Level
Check Hydraulic Transaxles for leaks
Check Tires & Tire Pressure
Check Deck, Mower and Hydro Drive Belts
Check Blades and Blade Bolt Tightness
Check Safety Switches for proper Operation
Every
25 Hours
Every
50 Hours
Every
100 Hours
Every
300 Hours
After Mowing
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Check Engine Intake Screen/Cover
Clean Mower
P
Lubricate Wear Points (See Chart)
Clean and Re-oil Air Filter’s Foam Precleaner*
Grease three Spindle Bearings
Check Fluid Level in Transaxle Expansion Reservoir
P
P
P
P
P
Replace Air Filter Element*
Change Engine Oil† and Replace Oil Filter
Check Battery’s Electrolyte Level (If equipped w/fill
caps)
Clean Engine Cooling Fins & External Surfaces*
P
P
P
Check Spark Plug Condition & Gap
Lubricate all grease fittings (See Chart)
Check air gap PTO clutch
P
P
Change Hydrostatic fluid & filter in transaxles
P
† — After first 5 hours, change engine oil & filter. Change oil every 25 hours under heavy duty operation.
* — Perform more frequently under dusty conditions.
21
OIL CHART
Apply a few drops of SAE engine oil, grease, or use a spray lubricant. Apply the oil to both sides of pivot points. Wipe off any excess.
Start engine and operate mower briefly to insure that oil spreads evenly.
Number of Oil Points
Description
DAILY
4
Deck Suspension Pivots
4
Height Adjustment Turnbuckle Clevis Pin
2
Height Adjustment Handle Pivots
2
Height Adjustment Stop Pivots
2
Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
2
Transport Handle Pivots
1
Transport Handle Pin
2
Deck Frame Up-and-Down Pivots
WEEKLY
1
Seat Hinge
2
Steering Lever Linkage Rod End Bearings
2
Lever Return Assembly Rod End Bearings
2
Pump Control Lever Pivots
2
Grass Collection System Lid Hinges (If Mower is so equipped)
LUBRICATION CHART
Use a grease-gun filled with NO. 2 Multipurpose Lithium Base Grease
Number of Grease Fittings Description
EVERY 25 HOURS
3
Blade Spindle Bearings
WEEKLY
2
Front Caster Wheels
2
Front Caster Wheel Spindles
2
Mower Deck Ball Wheels
Number of Grease Points
Description
WEEKLY
4
Mowing Deck Pivots
2
Deck Take-Up Idler Pivots
Engine Oil: Rimula 15W40 recommended or 10W40 engine oil rated SJ or higher.
Hydrostatic Fluid: Rimula 15W40 recommended.
Spindle Lubricant: Use only Shell Alvania RL 2 grease. This grease is an amber-colored grease designed for high speed bearing
applications. It has a base oil viscosity that reduces running losses, has been formulated for low noise, has excellent corrosion
protection, and has excellent bearing lubrication.
General Purpose Lubrication: Use any NLGI grade 2 multi-purpose grease. Shell Albida EP2 is recommended. Shell Albida EP 2
is a red-colored multi-purpose grease designed for heavy-duty bearing applications. It has high base oil viscosity for mechanical
stability, has been formulated for high load, low-speed applications, and has excellent lubrication and corrosion protection.
22
Section 6— Maintenance & Adjustments
Maintenance
8.
Warning! Before performing any maintenance or
repairs, disengage the PTO, move the drive control
levers fully outward in the neutral position, engage
the parking brake, stop the engine and remove the
key to prevent unintended starting.
Refill the engine with new oil. Refer to the Kohler Owner’s
Manual for information regarding the volume and weight
of engine oil
Air Cleaner
Service the pre-cleaner and cartridge/air cleaner element as
instructed in the Kohler Owner’s Manual.
Engine
Spark Plug
Refer to the Kohler Owner’s Manual for all engine maintenance
intervals, procedures, specifications and instructions.
The spark plugs should be cleaned and the gap reset once a
season. Refer to the Kohler Owner’s Manual for correct plug type
and gap specifications.
Changing the Engine Oil
Warning ! If the engine has been recently run, the
engine, muffler and surrounding metal surfaces will
be hot and can cause burns to the skin. Exercise
caution to avoid burns.
To complete an oil change, proceed as follows:
1.
Run the engine for a short time to warm the engine oil. The
oil will flow more freely and carry away more impurities.
Use care to avoid burns from hot oil.
2.
Locate the oil drain hose or the oil-drain valve on the
engine.
3.
Pop open the protective cap on the end of the oil drain
valve to expose the drain port (A). See Fig 6-1.
Hydrostatic Transmission
The zero turn tractor is equipped with dual integrated
hydrostatic pumps/transaxles that are sealed and are
maintenance-free. Fluid levels in the transaxles cannot be
checked and fluid cannot be added or changed. The fluid level
in the expansion reservoir must be maintained at 1⁄2” to 1” above
the bottom of the tank.
NOTE: If a pump fails or proper level in the expansion reservoir
is not maintained, contact your Cub Cadet dealer. Do not
disassemble the pump/motors.
General Battery Information
Warning!
•
Should battery acid accidentally splatter into
the eyes or onto the skin, rinse the affected area
immediately with clean cold water. If there is any
further discomfort, seek prompt medical attention.
•
If acid spills on clothing, first dilute it with
clean water, then neutralize with a solution of
ammonia/water or baking soda/water.
•
NEVER connect (or disconnect) battery
charger clips to the battery while the charger is
turned on, as it can cause sparks.
•
Keep all sources of ignition (cigarettes,
matches, lighters) away from the battery. The gas
generated during charging can be combustible.
•
As a further precaution, only charge the
battery in a well ventilated area.
Square-Head
Hose Plug
Figure 6-1
4.
Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick from the oil fill tube.
5.
Push the oil drain hose (packed with this manual) onto the
oil drain port (B). Route the opposite end of the hose into
an appropriate oil collection container with at least a 2.5
quart capacity, to collect the used oil.
6.
Turn the oil drain valve 1⁄4-turn (C), then pull outward to
begin draining oil (D). After the oil has finished draining,
push the end of the oil drain valve back in and turn 1⁄4-turn
to secure it back in place. Re-cap the end of the oil drain
valve to keep debris from entering the drain port.
7.
Replace the oil filter as instructed in the Kohler Owner’s
Manual.
•
Always shield eyes and protect skin and
clothing when working near batteries.
•
Batteries contain sulfuric acid and may
emit explosive gases. Use extreme caution when
handling batteries. Keep batteries out of the reach
of children.
Section 6 — Maintenance & Adjustments
23
connected to a water supply.
Battery Maintenance
•
The battery is filled with battery acid and then sealed at the
factory. However, if the battery is equipped with fill caps,
remove them and check the level of the liquid electrolyte
in the battery every 50 operating hours. If the level in any
of the six cells has dropped below the bottom of the split
ring inside the fill hole, refill the cell with distilled water.
•
Spray the terminals and exposed wire with a battery
terminal sealer, or coat the terminals with a thin coat of
grease or petroleum jelly, to protect against corrosion.
•
Always keep the battery cables and terminals clean and
free of corrosion.
•
Avoid tipping. Even a sealed battery will leak electrolyte
when tipped.
Warning! Batteries contain sulfuric acid and may
emit explosive gases. Use extreme caution when
handling batteries. Keep batteries out of the reach
of children.
2.
Move the tractor to an area within reach of the hose where
the dispersal of wet grass clippings is not objectionable to
you. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, and
stop the engine.
3.
Pull back the lock collar of the nozzle adapter and push the
adapter onto one of the deck wash nozzles at either end of
the mower deck. Release the lock collar to lock the adapter
on the nozzle. See Fig. 6-2.
Pull Lock
Collar Back
Nozzle
Adapter
Adapter
Lock Collar
Deck Wash Nozzle
Tire Maintenance
Check the tire air pressure before each use. Inflation pressure
of the rear tires is important for stability while the mower is in
operation. If the tire diameter is not equal between the two tires,
the mower will pull to one side. Keep the tires inflated to the
recommended pressures. Improper inflation will shorten the tire
service life. See the tire side wall for proper inflation pressures.
Observe the following guidelines:
•
Do not inflate a tire above the maximum pressure shown
on the sidewall of the tire.
•
Do not reinflate a tire that has been run flat or seriously
under inflated. Have a qualified tire mechanic inspect and
service the tire.
•
•
Balance inflation pressure between the rear tires to help
maintain straight travel (see tire side wall for proper
inflation pressure).
Keep the valve caps tightened to prevent air pressure loss.
Lubrication
•
Using a pressure lubricating gun, lubricate all grease
fittings and points as noted in the Lubrication Chart.
•
Lubricate all other pivot points with a quality lubricating oil
as noted in the Oil Chart.
Using the Deck Wash System
Warning! When using the deck wash system,
never engage the deck from any position other than
the operator’s seat of the tractor. Do not use an
assistant or engage deck in the presence of any
bystanders.
Use the Deck Wash System to rinse grass clippings from the
deck’s underside and prevent the buildup of corrosive chemicals.
Complete the following steps after each mowing:
NOTE: Make certain the machine’s discharge chute is directed
away from people, children, animals, and your house, garage,
parked cars, etc.
1.
24
Attach the nozzle adapter to a standard garden hose
Section 6— Maintenance & Adjustments
Figure 6-2
4.
Turn on the water supply.
5.
From the tractor operator’s seat, start the engine and
engage the PTO. Allow to run as needed. Disengage the
PTO and stop the engine.
6.
Turn off the water supply.
7.
Pull back the lock collar of the nozzle adapter to disconnect
the adapter from the nozzle.
8.
Repeat the previous steps to clean the deck using the
nozzle at the other end of the deck.
Cleaning the Spindle Pulleys
Once a month remove the belt covers to remove any
accumulation of grass clippings from around the spindle pulleys
and V-belt. Clean more often when mowing tall, dry grass.
Using the Transmission Bypass Rods
Battery Storage
If for any reason the tractor will not drive or you wish to move the
tractor, the two hydrostatic transmissions are equipped with a
bypass rod that will allow you to manually move the tractor short
distances.
1.
When storing the tractor for extended periods, disconnect
the negative battery cable. It is not necessary to remove
the battery.
2.
All batteries discharge during storage. Keep the exterior
of the battery clean, especially the top. A dirty battery will
discharge more rapidly.
3.
The battery must be stored with a full charge. A discharged
battery can freeze sooner than a charged battery. A fully
charged battery will store longer in cold temperatures than
hot. Refer to chart below.
4.
Recharge battery when ever the specific gravity value is
less than 1.225.
Warning! Do not tow the tractor, even with the
bypass rod engaged. Serious transmission damage
will result from doing so.
1.
From just in front of the two rear tires, locate the
transmission bypass rods. Refer to Fig. 6-3.
Keyhole Slot
Transmission
Bypass Rods
Tractor Storage
If your tractor is not going to be operated for an extended period
of time (thirty days to approximately six months), the tractor
should be prepared for storage. Store the tractor in a dry and
protected location. If stored outside, cover the tractor (including
the tires) to protect it from the elements. The procedures
outlined below should be performed whenever the tractor is
placed in storage.
1.
Change the engine oil and filter following the instructions
provided in the engine manual packed with this manual.
Warning! Never store the tractor with fuel in the
tank indoors or in poorly ventilated enclosures,
where fuel fumes may reach an open flame, spark or
pilot light as on a furnace, water heater, clothes
dryer, etc.
2.
Figure 6-3
2.
Pull one rod toward the front of the tractor until the flange
on the rod is forward of the keyhole slot in the frame
assembly.
3.
Lower the bypass rod into the keyhole slot and release so
the rod flange is against the front of the frame bracket.
4.
Repeat the above procedure to engage the other bypass
rod on the other side of the tractor.
5.
After moving the tractor, disengage both bypass rods. Lift
the rod and guide the flange of the rod back through the
larger circular opening of the keyhole, then release the rod.
NOTE: The tractor will not drive with the bypass rods in the
engage position.
If storing the tractor for 30 days or more:
a.
To prevent gum deposits from forming inside
the engine’s carburetor and causing possible
malfunction of the engine, the fuel system must be
either completely emptied, or the gasoline must be
treated with a stabilizer to prevent deterioration.
Warning! Fuel left in the fuel tank deteriorates
and will cause serious starting problems.
b.
Using a fuel stabilizer:
•
Read the product manufacturer’s instructions
and recommendations.
•
Add to clean, fresh gasoline the correct
amount of stabilizer for the capacity
(approximately 5 gallons in each tank) of the
fuel system.
•
Fill the fuel tanks with treated fuel and run
the engine for 2-3 minutes to get stabilized
fuel into the carburetor.
Section 6 — Maintenance & Adjustments
25
c.
Emptying the fuel system:
•
Prior to putting the tractor in storage, monitor
fuel consumption with the goal of running
the fuel tank empty.
•
Close the fuel tank shutoff valve. Disconnect
the fuel line from the carburetor and put the
end into an approved fuel container.
•
Open the fuel tank shutoff valve and drain the
fuel tank and line into the approved container.
Reinstall the fuel line on the carburetor.
•
Start the engine and allow it to run out of fuel.
This will prevent gum and varnish deposits
from forming. Replace the fuel filter.
3.
Remove the spark plugs and pour approximately one
ounce of oil into each cylinder. Crank the engine one or
two turns to spread the oil evenly on the cylinder walls.
Replace the spark plugs.
4.
Clean the engine and the entire tractor thoroughly.
Adjustments
Seat Position Adjustment Lever
To adjust the position of the seat, pull up and hold the seat
adjustment lever. Slide the seat forward or rearward to the
desired position; then release the adjustment lever. Make sure
seat is locked into position before operating the tractor. See Fig.
6-4.
NOTE: Use of a pressure washer or garden hose is not
recommended to clean your tractor. They may cause
damage to electrical components, spindles, pulleys,
bearings or the engine. The use of water will result in
shortened life and reduce serviceability.
5.
Sharpen the blades so that the mower will be ready to use
when needed.
6.
Protect the metal surfaces. Repair scratches with the
appropriate touch-up spray paint. Brush a rust preventive
oil on any unpainted surfaces including the pulleys and
blades. (Be careful not to get any oil on the drive belts.)
7.
Clean and fully charge the battery, then disconnect the
negative cable at the battery to prevent possible discharge.
Recharge the battery periodically when in storage.
NOTE: Remove the battery if exposed to prolonged periods
of sub-freezing temperatures. Store in a cool, dry location
where temperatures are above freezing.
26
8.
Lubricate all lubrication points.
9.
Jack the mower up and store it on blocks to take the weight
off of the tires.
Figure 6-4
Weight Adjustment Lever
The weight adjustment lever is located on the right side of the
seatback and incorporates three settings: upper is 110 lbs, middle
is 195 lbs, and lower is 285 lbs.
Seatback Recline Knob
The seatback recline knob is located on the right side between
the seat back and seat bottom. Turning it clockwise adds
additional recline up to 10 degrees.
Adjusting RH & LH Drive Control Levers
Removing The Tractor From Storage
The RH and LH drive control levers can be adjusted up or down
and fore-and-aft for the comfort of the operator. Proper drive
control lever and seat adjustment will result in the following:
1.
Check the engine oil.
In the neutral position with hands on the control levers,
2.
Fully charge the battery, lower tractor off blocks, and
inflate the tires to the recommended pressure.
•
Operator’s upper arms should be relaxed and
approximately vertical.
3.
Remove the spark plugs and wipe them off. Using the
starter, crank the engine to pump the excess oil out of the
spark plug holes. Replace the spark plugs and the ignition
leads.
•
Operator’s forearms should be approximately horizontal.
•
In the full forward position,
•
Operator’s back should stay in contact with the seat back.
4.
If drained before storing, fill the fuel tank with clean, fresh
gasoline.
•
Control levers should not contact operator’s legs.
5.
Check the level of the engine oil in the crankcase and the
hydraulic reservoir tank.
•
In the full reverse position,
•
6.
Start the engine and allow to idle for a few minutes to
ensure engine is operating properly.
Control levers should not contact the operator’s legs or
torso.
7.
Drive the tractor without a load to make certain all the
tractor systems are functioning properly.
Section 6— Maintenance & Adjustments
Set the seat to the preferred operating position.
Leveling the Mower Deck
•
Adjustment lever is located under the front edge of the
seat.
•
The seat has five inches of front-to-rear adjustment
available.
When correctly adjusted the mower deck should be level side to
side, and the front of the deck should be approximately 1⁄4” lower
than the rear of deck.
Check factory settings of control levers for the conditions listed
above.
NOTE: If control lever adjustments are required, height
adjustments should be made prior to angular adjustments.
To adjust the height of the drive control levers:
1.
Remove the nuts from the control lever mounting bolts.
See Fig. 6-5.
NOTE: Check the tractor’s tire pressure before performing any
deck leveling adjustments. See the tire side wall for proper
inflation pressures.
1.
Park the mower on a flat paved surface, engage the
parking brake, shut off the engine, remove the key from the
ignition switch, disconnect the spark plug wires.
2.
Using the deck lift pedal, position the mowing deck into
the highest mowing position.
3.
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip of the
right blade. To obtain an accurate measure, align blades in
parallel with mower centerline, (i.e. front to back).
4.
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip of the left
blade. Be sure to measure at the blade tip with the blades
arranged in proper position.
5.
With a 3⁄4” wrench loosen the lower jam nut of the left side
of the lift link. To adjust the side of the deck up or down
turn the upper jam nut clockwise (to raise) or counter
clockwise (to lower) a few turns. See Fig. 6-6.
Control Lever
Pivot Bracket
Height
Adjustment
Holes
Carriage
Bolts
Flange
Lock Nuts
Front of
Unit
Outer Jam Nuts
Trailing Link
Left Side
Jam
Nut
Inner Jam
Nuts
Figure 6-5
2.
Remove the bolts and control lever and reposition to the
second set of holes in the mounting block.
3.
Reinstall the bolts and nuts, and tighten to 28-34 ft-lbs.
4.
If angular adjustments are also required, nuts can be
tightened until snug at this point.
Right Side
Adjustable
Lift Link
The same adjustments should be made to both sides of the
mower.
To adjust the front-to-rear angle of the control levers:
1.
Loosen the nuts on the control lever mounting bolts,
leaving the bottom one fairly snug. The bottom hole is
slotted, allowing the control lever to pivot on the top bolt.
2.
Move control lever to the desired angle and tighten the
nuts to 28-34 ft-lbs.
NOTE: In the neutral position, the handles of the control
levers should be aligned with approximately a one inch
gap between the tips. Widen the gap by adding shim
washers to the top mounting bolt between the lap bar and
the mounting block.
3.
Check the results of any adjustments to the conditions
described above. Repeat any adjustment procedures as
required until all conditions are met.
Figure 6-6
6.
Measure the blade-to-ground height at the right rear blade
tip. Again be sure to measure at the blade tip at the rear of
the right blade when aligned along the mower centerline.
The blade-to-ground height at the rear of the blade tip
should be approximately 1⁄4” higher than the front tip. This
is referred to as blade pitch. The same height difference
should be true for the left blade, measured front and back.
7.
To change the pitch (front to rear), loosen the lower nuts
on the rear Lift Links. With a few turns, adjust clockwise (to
raise) or counter clockwise (to lower) the upper nuts of the
rear Lift Links. Once the deck is adjusted, retighten lower
nuts.
Section 6 — Maintenance & Adjustments
27
8.
9.
The final adjustment would be to set the Trailing Link by
adjusting the jam nuts on the threaded link. Loosen the
jam nuts and tighten the inner nut to achieve the correct
length and belt tension. See Fig. 6-6.
In many cases it will be necessary to adjust deck height
using both eyebolt adjustments and pitch adjustment
to achieve the correct blade-to-ground heights. If you
remember that the front right blade tip adjustment is fixed
and you level to that height, adjusting the decks will be
simplified.
Adjusting the Belt Tension
To tighten or loosen the tension on the belt, tighten or loosen
the jam nuts on the U-rod, see Fig. 6-7, until a ten-pound pull
with a spring scale deflects the belt about 1⁄2”.
Brakes
NOTE: The parking brakes normally do not need to be adjusted.
To adjust either brake individually, loosen the jam nuts on the
cable near the brake arm on the transaxle. Adjust the nuts so
that the brake cable becomes shorter.
Repair: The mower is equipped with internal gear/pawl brakes
and will not normally require maintenance. If they are not
working properly, please contact your service center.
Adjusting the Gauge Wheels
Warning! Keep hands and feet away from the
discharge opening of the cutting deck.
NOTE: The deck gauge wheels are an anti-scalp feature of the
deck and are not designed to support the weight of the cutting
deck.
The mower deck cutting height can be set using the tractor’s
deck lift pedal. The deck heights range from 1” to 4”. The deck
gauge wheel position should be approximately 1⁄4 to 1⁄2” above
the ground when the deck is set in the desired height setting.
Using the lift pedal, set the deck in the desired height setting,
then check the gauge wheel distance from the ground below. If
necessary, adjust as follows:
1.
Visually check the distance between the front gauge
wheels and the ground. If the gauge wheels are near or
touching the ground, they should be raised. If more than
1⁄2” above the ground, they should be lowered.
2.
Remove the lock nut securing one of the front gauge wheel
shoulder screws to the deck. Remove the gauge wheel and
hex screw. Refer to Fig. 6-7.
Lock Nut
Deck Wheel
Washer
Hex Screw
Wheel Spacer
Figure 6-7
28
Section 6— Maintenance & Adjustments
3.
Insert the hex screw into the one of three index holes in the
front gauge wheel bracket that will give the gauge wheel a
1⁄4” to 1⁄2” clearance with the ground.
4.
Note the index hole of the just adjusted wheel, and adjust
the other gauge wheels into the respective index holes of
the other gauge wheel brackets on the deck.
7
Service
Battery Removal
Jump Starting
WARNING!: Failure to use this starting procedure
Warning! Battery posts, terminals and related
can cause sparking, and the gases in the battery to
explode.
accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Wash
hands after handling.
The battery is located on the right/rear of the tractor beneath the
seat box frame. To remove the battery:
1.
Remove the hold down straps.
2.
Remove the hex cap screw and sems nut securing the black
negative battery lead to the negative battery post (marked
NEG). Move the cable away from the negative battery post.
3.
Remove the hex cap screw and sems nut securing the red
positive battery lead to the positive battery post (marked
POS).
4.
Carefully lift the battery out of the tractor.
5.
Install the battery by repeating the above steps in the
reverse order.
Warning! Always connect the positive lead to the
battery before connecting the negative lead. This
will prevent sparking or possible injury from an
electrical short caused by contacting the tractor
body with tools being used to connect the cables.
Charging the Battery
•
Attach the end of the red jumper cable to the positive
terminal (+) of the charged battery.
2.
Attach the other end of the red jumper cable to the
positive terminal (+) of the low charge battery.
3.
Attach the end of the black jumper cable to the negative
terminal of the charged battery.
4.
Attach the other end of the black jumper cable to the
frame of the unit with the low charge battery.
Servicing Electrical System
Fuse
There is one fuse located in the wiring between the battery and
ignition start switch. This is a standard plug-in type automotive
fuse rated at 20 amp. Always use the same capacity fuse for
replacement. If the electrical system does not function, check for
a blown fuse.
If you have a recurring problem with blown fuses, have the
tractor’s electrical system checked by your Cub Cadet Service
Dealer.
Relays and Switches
Test and, if necessary, recharge the battery after the tractor has
been stored for a period of time.
•
1.
A voltmeter or load tester should read 12.6 volts (DC) or
higher across the battery terminals. See Fig. 7-1.
Voltmeter
Reading
State of
Charge
Charging
Time
12.7
100%
Full Charge
12.4
75%
90 Min.
12.2
50%
180 Min.
12.0
25%
280 Min.
There are several safety switches in the electrical system (PTO
Switch, PTO Clutch, Parking Brake/Drive Control Lever Switch,
Seat Switch and No Cut in Reverse Switch). If a function of the
safety interlock system described earlier is not functioning
properly, have the electrical system checked by your Cub Cadet
Service Dealer.
Charge the battery with a 12-volt battery charger at a
MAXIMUM rate of 10 amps.
29
Deck Removal
4.
Warning! The muffler at the rear of the tractor
Remove the four hair pins from the right and left side of the
deck lift bracket. See Fig. 7-3.
may be extremely hot, and could cause serious
burns. Use extreme caution when near the muffler.
Allow the muffler to fully cool before removing the
belt from the PTO pulley.
Deck Lift
Bracket
Hair Pin
Remove the mower deck from the tractor as follows:
1.
Apply the parking brake. Remove ignition key and both
spark plug caps.
2.
Place the deck lift pedal in the lowest mowing position and
replace the pin in front of pedal in the deck height bracket
to secure it in place.
Hair Pin
NOTE: There is a certain amount of spring tension due to
the weight of the deck. When removing the lift linkage
from the deck the tension of the springs will go from the
deck to the deck lift pedal. Not capturing the deck lift pedal
while removing the lift linkage from the deck will cause it
to snap back.
3.
Reduce the tension on the PTO belt by moving the idler arm
lever toward the back of the tractor, then remove the belt
from the pulley. See Fig. 7-2.
Idler Arm Lever
Figure 7-3
5.
Shift the deck forward until the trailing link is free and you
are able to remove the deck.
6.
Turn the front caster wheels outward.
7.
To install reverse the process.
8.
Adjust the belt tension according to the instructions on
Page 28.
Replacing the Deck Belt
Figure 7-2
30
Section 7— Service
1.
Follow the instructions for removing the deck.
2.
Unscrew the wing nuts from the deck covers and remove
both covers.
3.
Using a 3⁄8” socket breaker bar or socket ratchet insert the
drive end into the 3⁄8” square opening in the lower idler arm
assembly and push the idler arm counterclockwise. See Fig.
7-4. While holding the idler arm back, loosen the deck belt
from the pulley and slide the belt away from the pulley.
Lower Idler Arm
Assembly
Figure 7-4
4.
Remove the blade drive belt from all the pulleys.
5.
Reverse the process to install the belt. See Fig. 7-5 for
proper belt routing.
Replacing the Blades
Warning! Before performing any maintenance,
place the PTO switch in the “OFF” position, engage
the parking brake lever, turn the ignition key to the
“OFF” position and remove the key from the switch.
Protect your hands by using heavy gloves when
handling the blades. When servicing the mower
deck, be careful not to cut yourself on the
sharpened blades.
1.
Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the spark
plugs.
2.
Jack up the front of the mowing deck about one foot and
block it in that position.
3.
Wrap a rag around one end of the blade and grasp it to
prevent it from turning, or secure the blade by placing a
block of wood between the blade and the deck housing.
See Fig. 7-6.
Figure 7-5
6.
NOTE: When replacing belts do not overtighten. Adjust
the idler pulley so that a ten-pound pull with a spring scale
between two pulleys deflects the belt about 1⁄2”.
Figure 7-6
4.
Use a 1-1⁄8” socket wrench on the pulley side of the spindle
bolt.
5.
Remove the hex nut at the blade using a 1-1⁄8” wrench.
6.
Remove the blade.
7.
To replace the blade reverse the above process and tighten
nut to 100-120 lb ft.
NOTE: Add a small amount of multi-purpose grease to the
bolt threads to avoid corrosion and galvenic action.
WARNING! Never mow with dull blades. Blades
that are bent should be replaced. The cutting blades
are sharp and can cause severe injury. Wrap the
cutting surface of the blade with a rag to avoid
injury.
Section 7 — Service
31
Sharpening the Blades
Changing the Transmission Drive Belt
1.
Set the parking brake.
2.
Clean any debris from the blades. Keep blades sharp and
free of build up at all times.
Several components must be removed and special tools used in
order to change the tractor’s transmission drive belt. See your
Cub Cadet dealer to have the transmission drive belt replaced.
3.
Sharpen blades evenly at the original 30° angle to maintain
balanced cutting blades. Do not sharpen the underside of
the blades. Use a electric blade sharpener, a conventional
electric grinder or a hand file to sharpen the blades.
4.
5.
6.
Replace any blade with severe nicks or dents that cannot
be removed by filing.
Check the balance of the blade after sharpening by placing
it on a blade balancer. Do not use un-balanced blades.
If the blade dips on one end, file stock off of the cutting
surface on that end.
NOTE: Blades that cannot be easily balanced — REPLACE.
Changing the Spindle Assembly
1.
Jack up the front of the mowing deck about one foot and
block it in that position.
2.
Make sure the blade clutch is disengaged.
3.
Remove the deck cover.
4.
Remove the deck belt. (See Replacing the Deck Belt)
5.
Remove the blade. (See Replacing the Blades)
6.
Using a wrench or socket ratchet remove four hex nuts,
and the four hex head cap screws. Remove the spindle
assembly. See Fig. 7-7.
Hex Washer
Screw
Hex Nut
Spindle Assembly
Blade
Flange Lock Nut
Figure 7-7
7.
32
Reverse the process to install the spindle assembly.
Section 7— Service
Tractor Creeping
Creeping is the slight forward or backward movement of the
mower when the throttle is on and the drive control levers are in
the neutral position. If your mower creeps do the following:
1.
Jack up rear of the tractor.
2.
Place drive control levers in the neutral position.
3.
If the tires are rotating, the neutral position that side
transaxle linkage will need to be adjusted. Contact your
Cub Cadet Service Dealer.
8
Troubleshooting
Problem
Engine fails to start
Engine runs erratic
Cause
Remedy
1. PTO/Blade Engage knob engaged.
1. Place knob in disengaged (OFF) position.
2. Parking brake not engaged.
2. Engage parking brake.
3. Drive control levers not fully outward in
neutral position.
3. Move drive control levers fully outward in
neutral position.
4. Spark plug wire(s) disconnected.
4. Connect wire(s) to spark plug(s).
5. Throttle control lever not in correct starting
position.
5. Place throttle lever in the fast position.
6. Choke not activated.
6. Pull choke control into full choke position.
7. Fuel tank empty, or stale fuel.
7. Fill tank with clean, fresh (less than 30 days
old) gas.
8. Blocked fuel line.
8. Clean fuel line and replace fuel filter.
9. Faulty spark plug(s).
9. Clean, adjust gap or replace plug(s).
10.Engine flooded.
10.Crank engine with throttle in FAST position
and the choke in the OFF position.
1. Tractor running with CHOKE activated.
1. Push the choke control into the choke off
position.
2. Spark plug wire(s) loose.
2. Connect spark plug wire(s).
3. Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
3. Clean fuel line; fill tank with clean, fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
4. Vent in gas cap plugged.
4. Clear vent or replace cap if damaged.
5. Water or dirt in fuel system.
5. Drain fuel tank. Refill with clean, fresh
gasoline.
6. Dirty air cleaner.
6. Replace air cleaner paper element and clean
foam pre-cleaner.
33
Problem
Engine overheats
Remedy
1. Engine oil level low.
1. Fill crankcase with proper amount and
weight of oil.
2. Air flow restricted.
2. Clean grass clippings and debris from around
the engine’s cooling fins and blower housing.
Engine hesitates at high
RPM
1. Spark plug(s) gap too close.
1. Remove spark plug(s) and reset the gap.
Engine Idles rough
1. Spark plug(s) fouled, faulty or gap too wide.
1. Replace spark plug(s). Set plug gap.
2. Dirty air cleaner.
2. Replace air cleaner element and/or clean
pre-cleaner.
1. Cutting blade loose or unbalanced.
1. Tighten blade and spindle.
2. Damaged or bent cutting blade.
2. Replace blade.
1. Deck not leveled properly.
1. Perform side-to-side deck adjustment.
2. Dull blade.
2. Sharpen or replace blade.
3. Uneven tire pressure.
3. Check tire pressure in all four tires.
1. Engine speed too low.
1. Place throttle in FAST (rabbit) position.
2. Wet grass.
2. Do not mulch when grass is wet.
3. Excessively high grass.
3. Mow once at a high cutting height, then
mow again at desired height or make a
narrower cutting swath.
4. Dull blade.
4. Sharpen or replace blade.
Excessive vibration
Uneven cut
Mower will not mulch grass
(If Equipped w/Mulching Kit)
34
Cause
Section 8 — Troubleshooting
9
Replacement Parts
Component
Part Number and Description
759-3336
Spark Plug (Champion RC12YC)
KH-24-883-03-S1Air Filter Element & Pre-Cleaner
KH-24-050-13-S Fuel Filter
KH-12-050-01-S Oil Filter
02000653
Deck Belt
01005012
PTO Belt
02002648
Drive Belt (Transmissions)
02005018
Blades
918-04426
Deck Spindle
Phone (877) 282-8684 to locate your nearest Cub Cadet dealer to order replacement parts or a complete Parts Manual (have your full
model number and serial number ready). Parts Manual downloads are also available free of charge at www.cubcadet.com.
35
Component
Part Number and Description
634-3159 Deck Wheel
925-1707D Battery
951-3124E
Gas Cap
02000477
02000478
Throttle Control Cable
Choke Cable
725-1341B
Ignition Key
01006693
Discharge Chute Assembly
02003490
Wheel Assembly
02005000
Caster Wheel Assembly
Phone (877) 282-8684 to locate your nearest Cub Cadet dealer to order replacement parts or a complete Parts Manual (have your full
model number and serial number ready). Parts Manual downloads are also available free of charge at www.cubcadet.com.
36
Section 9 — Replacement Parts
10
Attachments & Accessories
The following attachments and accessories are compatible with your Zero-Turn tractor. See your dealer or the retailer from which you
purchased your tractor for information regarding price and availability.
Part Number
Part
59A30010150
Mulch Kit
19A70010100
Bagger
59A30014150
Bagger w/ Power Assist
59A30015150
Work Light Kit
590-863-100
Tow Hitch
37
Specifications
11
NOTE: Specifications subject to change without notice.
Engine:
23HP Kohler Command
Type:
Vertical air cooled V-Twin
Air Cleaner:
Paper element and Foam Pre-cleaner
Lube System:
Pressurized with oil filter, drain valve with hose
Starter:
12-volt electric
Traction Drive:
Variable speed integrated hydraulic charged ZT-2800 pumps and wheel motors in each drive wheel
Cutter Deck Drive:
54” belt driven
Clutch:
Electric blade brake clutch
Deck Lift:
Foot Pedal with pin lock for height adjustment at 1⁄4” increments
Cutting Height:
1” to 4”
No. of Blades:
3, belt-driven, power take-off from engine
Controls:
Engine ignition and start switch; throttle; choke; left and right steering levers; electric blade clutch switch;
parking brake; mower deck lift
Parking Brake:
Mechanical linkage attached to the brake handle
Front Caster Wheels:
13 x 5.00 - 6
Tire Pressure:
8-10 psi rear, 20-25 psi front caster
Drive Wheels:
20 x 10.00-10
Frame:
Structural steel, all welded construction
Seat:
Adjustable seat. 4” Adjustment, w/ arm rests
Fuel Tank:
Two 5 gallons with individual shut-off valves
Ground Speed:
0-8 MPH forward & 0-4 MPH reverse
Instrumentation:
Hour meter
Net Weight:
759 lbs
* As rated by engine manufacturer
38
Notes
12
39
40
Section 11— Notes
Section 11 — Notes
41
FEDERAL and/or CALIFORNIA EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
MTD Consumer Group Inc, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and, for those products certified for sale in the state of California, the
California Air Resources Board (CARB) are pleased to explain the emission (evaporative and/or exhaust) control system (ECS) warranty on your outdoor 2006
and later small off-road spark-ignited engine and equipment (outdoor equipment engine) In California, new outdoor equipment engines must be designed, built and
equipped to meet the State’s stringent anti-smog standards (in other states, 1997 and later model year equipment must be designed, built, and equipped to meet
the U.S. EPA small off-road, spark ignition engine regulations. MTD Consumer Group Inc must warrant the ECS on your outdoor equipment engine for the period of
time listed below provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of outdoor equipment engine.
Your ECS may include parts such as the carburetor, fuel-injection system, the ignition system, catalytic converter, fuel tanks, fuel lines, fuel caps, valves, canisters,
filters, vapor hoses, clamps, connectors, and other associated emission-related components.
Where a warrantable condition exists, MTD Consumer Group Inc will repair your outdoor equipment engine at no cost to you including diagnosis, parts and labor.
MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY COVERAGE:
This emission control system is warranted for two years. If any emission-related part on your outdoor equipment engine is defective, the part will be repaired or
replaced by MTD CONSUMER GROUP INC.
OWNER’S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES:
As the outdoor equipment engine owner, you are responsible for performance of the required maintenance listed in your owner’s manual. MTD Consumer Group
Inc recommends that you retain all receipts covering maintenance on your outdoor equipment engine, but MTD Consumer Group Inc cannot deny warranty solely
for the lack of receipts.
As the outdoor equipment engine owner, you should however be aware that MTD Consumer Group Inc may deny you warranty coverage if your outdoor equipment
engine or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance or unapproved modifications.
You are responsible for presenting your outdoor equipment engine to MTD Consumer Group Inc’s distribution center or service center as soon as the problem
exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 days. If you have a question regarding your warranty coverage,
you should contact the MTD Consumer Group Inc Service Department at 1-800-800-7310 or via email at http://support.mtdproducts.com
GENERAL EMISSIONS WARRANTY COVERAGE:
MTD Consumer Group Inc warrants to the ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that the outdoor equipment engine is: Designed, built and equipped
so as to conform with all applicable regulations; and free from defects in materials and workmanship that cause the failure of a warranted part to be identical in all
material respects to that part as described in MTD Consumer Group Inc’s application for certification.
The warranty period begins on the date the outdoor equipment engine is delivered to an ultimate purchaser or first placed into service. The warranty period is two
years.
Subject to certain conditions and exclusions as stated below, the warranty on emission-related parts is as follows:
1. Any warranted part that is not scheduled for replacement as required maintenance in the written instructions supplied, is warranted for the warranty period
stated above. If the part fails during the period of warranty coverage, the part will be repaired or replaced by MTD Consumer Group Inc according to subsection
(4) below. Any such part repaired or replaced under warranty will be warranted for the remainder of the period.
2. Any warranted part that is scheduled only for regular inspection in the written instructions supplied is warranted for the warranty period stated above. Any such
part repaired or replaced under warranty will be warranted for the remaining warranty period.
3. Any warranted part that is scheduled for replacement as required maintenance in the written instructions supplied is warranted for the period of time before the
first scheduled replacement date for that part. If the part fails before the first scheduled replacement, the part will be repaired or replaced by MTD Consumer
Group Inc according to subsection (4) below. Any such part repaired or replaced under warranty will be warranted for the remainder of the period prior to the
first scheduled replacement point for the part.
4. Repair or replacement of any warranted part under the warranty provisions herein must be performed at a warranty station at no charge to the owner.
5. Notwithstanding the provisions herein, warranty services or repairs will be provided at all of our distribution centers that are franchised to service the subject
engines or equipment.
6. The outdoor equipment engine owner will not be charged for diagnostic labor that is directly associated with diagnosis of a defective, emission-related warranted part, provided that such diagnostic work is performed at a warranty station.
7. MTD Consumer Group Inc is liable for damages to other engine or equipment components proximately caused by a failure under warranty of any warranted
part.
8. Throughout the off-road engine and equipment warranty period stated above, MTD Consumer Group Inc will maintain a supply of warranted parts sufficient to
meet the expected demand for such parts.
9. Any replacement part may be used in the performance of any warranty maintenance or repairs and must be provided without charge to the owner. Such use will
not reduce the warranty obligations of MTD Consumer Group Inc.
10.Add-on or modified parts that are not exempted by the Air Resources Board may not be used. The use of any non-exempted add-on or modified parts by the
ultimate purchaser will be grounds for disallowing a warranty claims. MTD Consumer Group Inc will not be liable to warrant failures of warranted parts caused
by the use of a non-exempted add-on or modified part.
WARRANTED PARTS:
The repair or replacement of any warranted part otherwise eligible for warranty coverage may be excluded from such warranty coverage if MTD Consumer Group
Inc demonstrates that the outdoor equipment engine has been abused, neglected, or improperly maintained, and that such abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance was the direct cause of the need for repair or replacement of the part. That notwithstanding, any adjustment of a component that has a factory installed,
and properly operating, adjustment limiting device is still eligible for warranty coverage. Further, the coverage under this warranty extends only to parts that were
present on the off-road engine and equipment purchased.
The following emission warranty parts are covered (if applicable):
(1) Fuel Metering System
• Cold start enrichment system (soft choke)
• Carburetor and internal parts (or fuel injection system)
• Fuel pump
• Fuel tank
(2) Air Induction System
• Air cleaner
• Intake manifold
(3) Ignition System
• Spark plug(s)
• Magneto ignition system
(4) Exhaust System
• Catalytic converter
• SAI (Reed valve)
(5) Miscellaneous Items Used in Above System
• Vacuum, temperature, position, time sensitive valves and switches
• Connectors and assemblies
(6) Evaporative Control
• Fuel hose
• Fuel hose clamps
• Tethered fuel cap
• Carbon canister
• Vapor lines
GDOC-100223
CUB CADET LLC
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR
recon and enforcer ZERO-TURN COMMERCIAL RIDING MOWERs
IMPORTANT: To obtain warranty coverage owner must present an
original proof of purchase and applicable maintenance records to the
servicing dealer. Please see the operator’s manual for information on
required maintenance and service intervals.
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Cub Cadet LLC with
respect to new merchandise purchased or leased and used in the
United States and/or its territories and possessions, and by MTD
Products Limited with respect to new merchandise purchased or
leased and used in Canada and/or its territories and possessions
(either entity respectively, “Cub Cadet”).
Cub Cadet warrants this product (excluding its Normal Wear Parts,
Batteries and Attachments as described below) against defects in
material and workmanship for a period of two (2) years commencing
on the date of original retail purchase or lease and will, at its option,
repair or replace, free of charge, any part found to be defective in
materials or workmanship.
Normal Wear Parts are warranted to be free from defects in material
and workmanship for a period of thirty (30) days or one hundred
(100) operation hours, whichever comes first, commencing on the
date of original retail purchase or lease. Normal wear parts include,
but are not limited to items such as: belts, blades, blade adapters,
grass bags, rider deck wheels, seats, and tires.
Batteries have a one-year prorated limited warranty against defects
in material and workmanship, with 100% replacement during the
first three months. After three months, the battery replacement
credit is based on the months remaining in the twelve (12) month
period dating back to the original date of original sale or lease. Any
replacement battery will be warranted only for the remainder of the
original warranty period.
Attachments — Cub Cadet warrants attachments for this product
against defects in material and workmanship for a period of one (1)
year, commencing on the date of the attachment’s original purchase
or lease. Attachments include, but are not limited to items such as:
grass collectors and mulch kits.
This limited warranty shall only apply if this product has been
operated and maintained in accordance with the Operator’s Manual
furnished with the product, and has not been subject to misuse,
abuse, neglect, accident, improper maintenance, alteration,
vandalism, theft, fire, water, or damage because of other peril or
natural disaster. Damage resulting from the installation or use of any
part, accessory or attachment not approved by Cub Cadet for use
with the product(s) covered by this manual will void your warranty as
to any resulting damage. In addition, Cub Cadet may deny warranty
coverage if the hour meter, or any part thereof, is altered, modified,
disconnected or otherwise tampered with.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available, WITH
PROOF OF PURCHASE AND APPLICABLE MAINTENANCE RECORDS,
through your local authorized service dealer. To locate the dealer in
your area:
In Canada:
Contact MTD Products Limited, Kitchener, ON N2G 4J1, call 1-800668-1238 or log on to our website at www.mtdcanada.com.
Without limiting the foregoing, this limited warranty does not provide
coverage in the following cases:
a. Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters, blade
sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch adjustments,
deck adjustments, and normal deterioration of the exterior finish
due to use or exposure.
b. Service completed by someone other than an authorized service
dealer.
c. Cub Cadet does not extend any warranty for products sold or
exported outside of the United States and/or Canada, and their
respective possessions and territories, except those sold through
Cub Cadet’s authorized channels of export distribution.
d. Replacement parts and\or accessories that are not genuine Cub
Cadet parts.
e. Transportation charges and service calls.
There are no implied warranties, including without limitation any
implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose. No warranties shall apply after the applicable period
of express written warranty above. No other express warranties
beyond those mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product, shall
bind Cub Cadet. The exclusive remedy is repair or replacement of
the product as set forth above. The terms of this warranty provide
the sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale and/or lease
of the products covered hereby. Cub Cadet shall not be liable for
any incidental or consequential loss or damage including, without
limitation, expenses incurred for substitute or replacement lawn
care services or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a
warranted product.
Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions or limitations may not
apply to you.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the amount of
the purchase price of the product sold. Alteration of safety features of
the product shall void this warranty. You assume the risk and liability
for loss, damage, or injury to you and your property and/or to others
and their property arising out of the misuse or inability to use the
product.
This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the
original purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased as a
gift.
HOW LOCAL LAWS RELATE TO THIS WARRANTY: This limited
warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other
rights that vary in different jurisdictions.
In the U.S.A.:
Check your Yellow Pages, or contact Cub Cadet LLC at P.O. Box
361131, Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019, call 1-877-282- 8684
or log on to our website at www.cubcadet.com.
Cub Cadet LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019, Phone: 1-877-282-8684
MTD Products Limited, Kitchener, ON N2G 4J1, Phone: 1-800-668-1238
GDOC-100210 REV. A