Cypress AutoStore STK17TA8 User's Manual

STK17TA8
128k X 8 AutoStore™ nvSRAM
with Real Time Clock
Features
Description
■
nvSRAM Combined with Integrated Real Time Clock Functions
(RTC, Watchdog Timer, Clock Alarm, Power Monitor)
■
Capacitor or Battery Backup for RTC
■
25, 45 ns Read Access and Read/Write Cycle Time
■
Unlimited Read/Write Endurance
■
Automatic nonvolatile STORE on Power Loss
■
Nonvolatile STORE Under Hardware or Software Control
■
Automatic RECALL to SRAM on Power Up
■
Unlimited RECALL Cycles
■
200K STORE Cycles
■
20-Year nonvolatile Data Retention
■
Single 3 V +20%, -10% Power Supply
■
Commercial and Industrial Temperatures
■
48-pin 300-mil SSOP Package (RoHS-Compliant)
The Cypress STK17TA8 combines a 1 Mb nonvolatile static RAM
(nvSRAM) with a full featured real time clock in a reliable,
monolithic integrated circuit.
The 1 Mb nvSRAM is a fast static RAM with a nonvolatile
Quantum Trap storage element included with each memory cell.
The SRAM provides the fast access and cycle times, ease of use
and unlimited read and write endurance of a normal SRAM. Data
transfers automatically to the nonvolatile storage cells when
power loss is detected (the STORE operation). On power up,
data is automatically restored to the SRAM (the RECALL
operation). Both STORE and RECALL operations are also
available under software control.
The real time clock function provides an accurate clock with leap
year tracking and a programmable, high accuracy oscillator. The
Alarm function is programmable for one-time alarms or periodic
minutes, hours, or days alarms. There is also a programmable
watchdog timer for processor control.
Logic Block Diagram
Quantum Trap
1024 X 1024
ROW DECODER
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
STORE
STATIC RAM
ARRAY
1024 X 1024
RECALL
VCC
VCAP
POWER
CONTROL
STORE/
RECALL
CONTROL
VRTCbat
VRTCcap
HSB
SOFTWARE
DETECT
INPUT BUFFERS
DQ0
DQ1
DQ2
DQ3
DQ4
DQ5
DQ6
DQ7
A15 – A0
COLUMN I/O
COLUMN DEC
RTC
X1
X2
INT
A0 A 1 A 2 A3 A 4 A10 A11
MUX
A16 – A0
G
E
W
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
•
198 Champion Court
•
San Jose, CA 95134-1709
•
408-943-2600
Revised March 02, 2009
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STK17TA8
Pinouts
Figure 1. Pin Diagram - 48-PIn SSOP
V CAP
A 16
A 14
1
48
2
47
V CC
A 15
3
46
HSB
A 12
A7
4
5
45
44
A6
6
43
W
A 13
A8
7
42
A9
INT
8
41
NC
A4
A5
9
40
A 11
NC
10
39
NC
NC
11
38
NC
NC
12
37
V SS
NC
13
36
NC
14
35
(TOP)
15
34
V SS
NC
V RTCcap
DQ 0
16
33
DQ 6
A3
17
32
A2
18
31
G
A 10
A1
19
30
A0
DQ 1
DQ 2
20
29
DQ 7
21
28
DQ 5
27
DQ 4
X1
22
23
26
DQ 3
X2
24
25
V CC
V RTCbat
Relative PCB Area Usage[1]
E
Pin Descriptions
Pin Name
IO Type
Description
A16-A0
Input
Address: The 17 address inputs select one of 131,072 bytes in the nvSRAM array or one of 16 bytes
in the clock register map
DQ7-DQ0
I/O
E
Input
Chip Enable: The active low E input selects the device
W
Input
Write Enable: The active low W enables data on the DQ pins to be written to the address location
selected on the falling edge of E
G
Input
Output Enable: The active low G input enables the data output buffers during read cycles.
De-asserting G high caused the DQ pins to tri-state.
X1
Output
X2
Input
Data: Bi-directional 8-bit data bus for accessing the nvSRAM and RTC
Crystal Connection, drives crystal on startup
Crystal Connection for 32.768 kHz crystal
VRTCcap
Power Supply Capacitor supplied backup RTC supply voltage (Left unconnected if VRTCbat is used)
VRTCbat
Power Supply Battery supplied backup RTC supply voltage (Left unconnected if VRTCcap is used)
VCC
Power Supply Power: 3.0V, +20%, -10%
HSB
I/O
INT
Output
Hardware Store Busy: When low this output indicates a Store is in progress. When pulled low external
to the chip, it will initiate a nonvolatile STORE operation. A weak pull up resistor keeps this pin high if
not connected. (Connection Optional).
Interrupt Control: Can be programmed to respond to the clock alarm, the watchdog timer and the
power monitor. Programmable to either active high (push/pull) or active low (open-drain)
VCAP
Power Supply Autostore™ Capacitor: Supplies power to nvSRAM during power loss to store data from SRAM to
nonvolatile storage elements.
VSS
Power Supply Ground
NC
No Connect
Unlabeled pins have no internal connections.
Note
1. For detailed package size specifications, See “Package Diagrams” on page 22..
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 2 of 23
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STK17TA8
Absolute Maximum Ratings
RF (SSOP-48) Package Thermal Characteristics
Voltage on Input Relative to Ground ................–0.1V to 4.1V
θjc 6.2 C/W; θja 51.1 [0fpm], 44.7 [200fpm], 41.8 C/W [500fpm]
Voltage on Input Relative to VSS .........–0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V)
Note: Stresses greater than those listed under “Absolute
Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.
This is a stress rating only, and functional operation of the device
at conditions above those indicated in the operational sections
of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
reliablity.
Voltage on DQ0-7 or HSB.....................–0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V)
Temperature under Bias ............................... –55°C to 125°C
Junction Temperature ................................... –55°C to 140°C
Storage Temperature .................................... –65°C to 150°C
Power Dissipation............................................................. 1W
DC Output Current (1 output at a time, 1s duration)..... 15mA
DC Electrical Characteristics
(VCC = 2.7V-3.6V)
Symbol
Parameter
Commercial
Min
Max
Industrial
Min
Units
Notes
Max
ICC1
Average VCC Current
65
50
70
55
mA
mA
tAVAV = 25 ns
tAVAV = 45 ns
Dependent on output loading and
cycle rate. Values obtained
without output loads.
ICC2
Average VCC Current during
STORE
3
3
mA
All Inputs Don’t Care, VCC = max
Average current for duration of
STORE
cycle (tSTORE)
ICC3
Average VCC Current at tAVAV =
200ns
3V, 25°C, Typical
10
10
mA
W ≥ (V CC – 0.2V)
All Other Inputs Cycling at CMOS
Levels
Dependent on output loading and
cycle rate. Values obtained
without output loads.
ICC4
Average VCAP Current during
<Emphasis>AutoStore™ Cycle
3
3
mA
All Inputs Don’t Care
Average current for duration of
STORE cycle (tSTORE)
ISB
VCC Standby Current
(Standby, Stable CMOS Levels)
3
3
mA
E ≥ (VCC -0.2V)
All Others VIN≤ 0.2V or ≥
(VCC-0.2V)
Standby current level after
nonvolatile cycle complete
IILK
Input Leakage Current
±1
±1
mA
VCC = max
VIN = VSS to VCC
IOLK
Off-State Output Leakage Current
±1
±1
mA
VCC = max
VIN = VSS to VCC, E or G ≥ VIH
VIH
Input Logic “1” Voltage
2.0
VCC + 0.5
2.0
VCC + 0.5
V
All Inputs
VIL
Input Logic “0” Voltage
VSS –0.5
0.8
VSS –0.5
0.8
V
All Inputs
VOH
Output Logic “1” Voltage
V
IOUT = – 2 mA (except HSB)
VOL
Output Logic “0” Voltage
V
IOUT = 4 mA
2.4
2.4
0.4
0.4
Note: The HSB pin has IOUT=-10uA for VOH of 2.4V, this parameter is characterized but not tested.
Note: The INT is open-drain and does not source or sink high current when interrupt Register bit D3 is below.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 3 of 23
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STK17TA8
DC Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = 2.7V-3.6V)
Symbol
Parameter
Commercial
Industrial
Min
Max
Min
Max
Units
Notes
TA
Operating Temperature
0
70
– 40
85
°C
VCC
Operating Voltage
2.7
3.6
2.7
3.6
V
3.0V +20%, -10%
VCAP
Storage Capacitance
17
57
17
57
μF
Between VCAP pin and VSS, 5V
rated.
NVC
Nonvolatile STORE operations
200
200
DATAR
Data Retention
20
20
K
Years At 55 °C
AC Test Conditions
Input Pulse Levels ....................................................0V to 3V
Input Rise and Fall Times ............................................ <5 ns
Input and Output Timing Reference Levels .................... 1.5V
Output Load..................................See Figure 2 and Figure 3
Capacitance
(TA = 25°C, f = 1.0MHz)[2]
Symbol
Parameter
Max
Units
Conditions
CIN
Input Capacitance
7
pF
ΔV = 0 to 3V
COUT
Output Capacitance
7
pF
ΔV = 0 to 3V
Figure 2. AC Output Loading
3.0V
577 Ohms
OUTPUT
789 Ohms
30 pF
INCLUDING
SCOPE AND
FIXTURE
Figure 3. AC Output Loading for Tristate Specs (tHZ, tLZ, tWLQZ, tWHQZ, tGLQX, tGHQZ
3.0V
577 Ohms
OUTPUT
789 Ohms
5 pF
INCLUDING
SCOPE AND
FIXTURE
Notes
2. These parameters are guaranteed but not tested.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 4 of 23
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STK17TA8
RTC DC Characteristics
IBAK
VRTCbat
RTC Backup Current
RTC Battery Pin Voltage
Commercial
Min
Max
—
300
1.8
3.3
VRTCcap
RTC Capacitor Pin Voltage
1.2
2.7
1.2
2.7
V
tOSCS
RTC Oscillator time to start
—
10
—
10
sec
—
5
—
5
sec
Symbol
Parameter
Industrial
Min
Max
—
350
1.8
3.3
Units
Notes
nA
V
From either VRTCcap or VRTCbat
Typical = 3.0 Volts during normal
operation
Typical = 2.4 Volts during normal
operation
At MIN Temperature from Power up
or Enable
At 25°C from Power up or Enable
Y1
C2
RF
C1
Figure 4. RTC Recommended Component Configuration
X1
X2
Recommended Values
Y1 = 32.768 KHz
RF = 10M Ohm
C1 = 0 (install cap footprint,
but leave unloaded)
C2 = 56 pF ± 10% (do not vary from this value)
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 5 of 23
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STK17TA8
SRAM READ Cycles #1 and #2
NO.
Symbols
#1
1
#2
STK17TA8-25
Parameter
Alt.
Min
Max
STK17TA8-45
Min
Max
Units
tELQV
tACS
Chip Enable Access Time
tELEH[3]
tAVQV[4]
tRC
Read Cycle Time
tAA
Address Access Time
25
45
ns
tGLQV
tOE
Output Enable to Data Valid
12
20
ns
tAXQX[4]
tOH
Output Hold after Address Change
3
3
ns
6
tELQX
tLZ
Address Change or Chip Enable to Output Active
3
3
ns
7
tEHQZ[5]
tHZ
Address Change or Chip Disable to Output
Inactive
8
tGLQX
tOLZ
Output Enable to Output Active
tOHZ
Output Disable to Output Inactive
tPA
Chip Enable to Power Active
tPS
Chip Disable to Power Standby
2
3
tAVAV[3]
tAVQV[4]
4
5
tAXQX[4]
[5]
9
tGHQZ
10
tELICCL[2]
11
tEHICCH
[2]
25
25
45
45
10
0
ns
15
0
10
0
ns
ns
15
0
25
ns
ns
ns
45
ns
Figure 5. SRAM READ Cycle #1: Address Controlled[3, 4, 6]
2
tAVAV
ADDRESS
3
tAVQV
5
tAXQX
DQ (DATA OUT)
DATA VALID
Figure 6. SRAM READ Cycle #2: E and G Controlled[3, 6]
2
29
1
11
6
7
3
4
9
8
10
Notes
3. W must be high during SRAM READ cycles.
4. Device is continuously selected with E and G both low
5. Measured ± 200mV from steady state output voltage.
6. HSB must remain high during READ and WRITE cycles.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 6 of 23
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STK17TA8
SRAM WRITE Cycles #1 and #2
Symbols
NO.
#1
#2
STK17TA8-25
Parameter
Alt.
Min
Max
STK17TA8-45
Min
Max
Units
11
tAVAV
tAVAV
tWC
Write Cycle Time
25
45
ns
13
tWLWH
tWLEH
tWP
Write Pulse Width
20
30
ns
14
tELWH
tELEH
tCW
Chip Enable to End of Write
20
30
ns
15
tDVWH
tDVEH
tDW
Data Set-up to End of Write
10
15
ns
16
tWHDX
tEHDX
tDH
Data Hold after End of Write
0
0
ns
17
tAVWH
tAVEH
tAW
Address Set-up to End of Write
20
30
ns
18
tAVWL
tAVEL
tAS
Address Set-up to Start of Write
0
0
ns
19
tWHAX
tEHAX
tWR
Address Hold after End of Write
0
0
ns
20
tWLQZ5, 7
tWZ
Write Enable to Output Disable
21
tWHQX
tOW
Output Active after End of Write
10
3
15
3
ns
ns
Figure 7. SRAM WRITE Cycle #1: W Controlled[7, 8]
11
tAVAV
ADDRESS
19
tWHAX
14
tELWH
E
17
tAVWH
18
tAVWL
13
tWLWH
W
15
tDVWH
DATA IN
16
tWHDX
DATA VALID
20
tWLQZ
DATA OUT
21
tWHQX
HIGH IMPEDANCE
PREVIOUS DATA
Figure 8. SRAM WRITE Cycle #2: E Controlled[7, 8]
11
tAVAV
ADDRESS
18
tAVEL
14
tELEH
19
tEHAX
E
17
tAVEH
W
13
tWLEH
15
tDVEH
DATA IN
DATA OUT
16
tEHDX
DATA VALID
HIGH IMPEDANCE
Notes
7. If W is low when E goes low, the outputs remain in the high-impedance state.
8. E or W must be ≥ VIH during address transitions.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 7 of 23
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STK17TA8
AutoStore/Power Up Recall
NO.
Symbols
Standard
22
tHRECALL
23
tSTORE
STK17TA8
Parameter
Alternate
Min
Power-up RECALL Duration
tHLHZ
STORE Cycle Duration
24
VSWITCH
Low Voltage Trigger Level
25
VCCRISE
VCC Rise Time
Units
Notes
40
ms
9
12.5
ms
10,11
Max
2.65
150
V
μS
Figure 9. AutoStore/Power Up RECALL
25
23
22
23
22
NOTE: Read and Write cycles will be ignored during STORE, RECALL and while VCC is below VSWITCH
Notes
9. tHRECALL starts from the time VCC rises above VSWITCH
10. If an SRAM WRITE has not taken place since the last nonvolatile cycle, no STORE will take place
11. Industrial Grade Devices require 15 ms MAX.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 8 of 23
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STK17TA8
Software-Controlled STORE/RECALL Cycle
In the following table, the software controlled STORE and RECALL cycle parameters are listed. [12, 13]
NO.
Symbols
E Cont
G Cont
STK17TA8-35
Parameter
Alternate
Min
Max
STK17TA8-45
Min
Max
Units
Notes
13
26 tAVAV
tAVAV
tRC
STORE / RECALL Initiation Cycle
Time
25
45
ns
27 tAVEL
tAVGL
tAS
Address Set-up Time
0
0
ns
28 tELEH
tGLGH
tCW
Clock Pulse Width
20
30
ns
29 tEHAX
tGHAX
Address Hold Time
1
1
ns
30 tRECALL
tRECALL
RECALL Duration
100
100
μs
Figure 10. Software STORE/RECALL Cycle: E CONTROLLED[13]
26
26
27
28
29
23
30
Figure 11. Software STORE/RECALL Cycle: G Controlled[13]
26
27
26
28
23
30
29
Notes
12. The software sequence is clocked on the falling edge of E controlled READs or G controlled READs
13. The six consecutive addresses must be read in the order listed in the Software STORE/RECALL Mode Selection Table W must be high during all six consecutive cycles.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 9 of 23
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STK17TA8
Hardware STORE Cycle
NO.
Symbols
Standard
31
tDELAY
32
tHLHX
Parameter
Alternate
tHLQZ
STK17TA8
Min
Max
Hardware STORE to SRAM Disabled
1
70
Hardware STORE Pulse Width
15
Units
Notes
μs
14
ns
Figure 12. Hardware STORE Cycle
32
23
31
Soft Sequence Commands
NO.
Symbols
Parameter
Standard
33
tSS
STK17TA8
Min
Units
Notes
μs
15,16
Max
Soft Sequence Processing Time
70
Figure 13. Soft Sequence Commands
33
33
Notes
14. On a hardware STORE initiation, SRAM operation continues to be enabled for time tDELAY to allow READ/WRITE cycles to compete.
15. This is the amount of time that it takes to take action on a soft sequence command. Vcc power must remain high to effectively register command.
16. Commands like Store and Recall lock out I/O until operation is complete which further increases this time. See specific command.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 10 of 23
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STK17TA8
MODE Selection
E
W
G
A16-A0
Mode
I/O
Power
H
L
L
L
X
H
L
H
X
L
X
L
X
X
X
0x04E38
0x0B1C7
0x083E0
0x07C1F
0x0703F
0x08FC0
0x04E38
0x0B1C7
0x083E0
0x07C1F
0x0703F
0x04C63
Not Selected
Read SRAM
Write SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Nonvolatile Store
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Read SRAM
Nonvolatile Recall
Output High Z
Output Data
Input Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output High Z
Output Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output Data
Output High Z
Standby
Active
Active
L
H
L
Active
Notes
17, 18, 19
ICC2
Active
17, 18, 19
Notes
17. The six consecutive addresses must be in the order listed. W must be high during all six consecutive cycles to enable a nonvolatile cycle.
18. While there are 17 addresses on the STK17TA8, only the lower 16 are used to control software modes
19. I/O state depends on the state of G. The I/O table shown assumes G low
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 11 of 23
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STK17TA8
nvSRAM Operation
The STK17TA8 nvSRAM is made up of two functional components paired in the same physical cell. These are the SRAM
memory cell and a nonvolatile QuantumTrap cell. The SRAM
memory cell operates like a standard fast static RAM. Data in the
SRAM can be transferred to the nonvolatile cell (the STORE
operation), or from the nonvolatile cell to SRAM (the RECALL
operation). This unique architecture enables all cells to be stored
and recalled in parallel. During the STORE and RECALL operations SRAM READ and WRITE operations are inhibited. The
STK17TA8 supports unlimited read and writes like a typical
SRAM. In addition, it provides unlimited RECALL operations
from the nonvolatile cells and up to 200K STORE operations.
SRAM READ
The STK17TA8 performs a READ cycle whenever E and G are
low while W and HSB are high. The address specified on pins
A0-16 determine which of the 131,072 data bytes are accessed.
When the READ is initiated by an address transition, the outputs
are valid after a delay of tAVQV (READ cycle #1). If the READ is
initiated by E and G, the outputs are valid at tELQV or at tGLQV,
whichever is later (READ cycle #2). The data outputs repeatedly
respond to address changes within the tAVQV access time
without the need for transitions on any control input pins, and
remain valid until another address change or until E or G is
brought high, or W and HSB is brought low.
Figure 14. AutoStore Mode
W
0.1µF
VCAP
VCC
10k Ohm
VCC
VCAP
SRAM WRITE
A WRITE cycle is performed whenever E and W are low and HSB
is high. The address inputs must be stable prior to entering the
WRITE cycle and must remain stable until either E or W goes
high at the end of the cycle. The data on the common I/O pins
DQ0-7 is written into memory if it is valid tDVWH before the end
of a W controlled WRITE or tDVEH before the end of an E
controlled WRITE.
It is recommended that G be kept high during the entire WRITE
cycle to avoid data bus contention on common I/O lines. If G is
left low, internal circuitry turns off the output buffers tWLQZ after
W goes low.
AutoStore Operation
The STK17TA8 stores data to nvSRAM using one of three
storage operations. These three operations are Hardware Store
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
(activated by HSB), Software Store (activated by an address
sequence), and AutoStore (on power down).
AutoStore operation, a unique feature of Cypress QuanumTrap
technology is a standard feature on the STK17TA8.
During normal operation, the device draws current from VCC to
charge a capacitor connected to the VCAP pin. This stored
charge is used by the chip to perform a single STORE operation.
If the voltage on the VCC pin drops below VSWITCH, the part
automatically disconnects the VCAP pin from VCC. A STORE
operation is initiated with power provided by the VCAP capacitor.
Figure 14 shows the proper connection of the storage capacitor
(VCAP) for automatic store operation. Refer to the DC Electrical
Characteristics on page 3 for the size of the capacitor. The
voltage on the VCAP pin is driven to 5V by a charge pump internal
to the chip. A pull up should be placed on W to hold it inactive
during power up.
To reduce unneeded nonvolatile stores, AutoStore and
Hardware Store operations are ignored unless at least one
WRITE operation has taken place since the most recent STORE
or RECALL cycle. Software initiated STORE cycles are
performed regardless of whether a WRITE operation has taken
place. The HSB signal can be monitored by the system to detect
an AutoStore cycle is in progress.
Hardware STORE (HSB) Operation
The STK17TA8 provides the HSB pin for controlling and
acknowledging the STORE operations. The HSB pin can be
used to request a hardware STORE cycle. When the HSB pin is
driven low, the STK17TA8 conditionally initiates a STORE
operation after tDELAY. An actual STORE cycle only begins if a
WRITE to the SRAM took place since the last STORE or
RECALL cycle. The HSB pin has a very resistive pullup and is
internally driven low to indicate a busy condition while the
STORE (initiated by any means) is in progress. This pin should
be externally pulled up if it is used to drive other inputs.
SRAM READ and WRITE operations that are in progress when
HSB is driven low by any means are given time to complete
before the STORE operation is initiated. After HSB goes low, the
STK17TA8 continues to allow SRAM operations for tDELAY.
During tDELAY, multiple SRAM READ operations may take place.
If a WRITE is in progress when HSB is pulled low, it is allowed a
time, tDELAY, to complete. However, any SRAM WRITE cycles
requested after HSB goes low is inhibited until HSB returns high.
If HSB is not used, it should be left unconnected.
Hardware RECALL (POWER-UP)
During power up or after any low power condition
(VCC<VSWITCH), an internal RECALL request is latched. When
VCC once again exceeds the sense voltage of VSWITCH, a
RECALL cycle is automatically initiated and takes tHRECALL to
complete.
Software STORE
Data can be transferred from the SRAM to the nonvolatile
memory by a software address sequence. The STK17TA8
software STORE cycle is initiated by executing sequential E
controlled or G controlled READ cycles from six specific address
locations in exact order. During the STORE cycle, previous data
is erased and then the new data is programmed into the nonvol-
Page 12 of 23
[+] Feedback
STK17TA8
atile elements. Once a STORE cycle is initiated, further memory
inputs and outputs are disabled until the cycle is completed.
To initiate the Software STORE cycle, the following read
sequence must be performed:
1. Read Address 0x4E38 Valid READ
2. Read Address 0xB1C7 Valid READ
3. Read Address 0x83E0 Valid READ
4. Read Address 0x7C1F Valid READ
5. Read Address 0x703F Valid READ
6. Read Address 0x8FC0 Initiate STORE Cycle
Preventing AutoStore
Because of the use of nvSRAM to store critical RTC data, the
AutoStore function cannot be disabled on the STK17TA8.
Best Practices
nvSRAM products have been used effectively for over 15 years.
While ease-of-use is one of the product’s main system values,
experience gained working with hundreds of applications has
resulted in the following suggestions as best practices:
■
The nonvolatile cells in an nvSRAM are programmed on the
test floor during final test and quality assurance. Incoming
inspection routines at customer or contract manufacturer’s
sites sometimes reprogram these values. Final NV patterns are
typically repeating patterns of AA, 55, 00, FF, A5, or 5A. End
product’s firmware should not assume an NV array is in a set
programmed state. Routines that check memory content
values to determine first time system configuration, cold or
warm boot status, should always program a unique NV pattern
(for example, complex 4-byte pattern of 46 E6 49 53 hex or
more random bytes) as part of the final system manufacturing
test to ensure these system routines work consistently.
■
Power up boot firmware routines should rewrite the nvSRAM
into the desired state (autostore enabled and so on). While the
nvSRAM is shipped in a preset state, best practice is to again
rewrite the nvSRAM into the desired state as a safeguard
against events that might flip the bit inadvertently (program
bugs, incoming inspection routines, and so on.
■
The OSCEN bit in the Calibration register at 0x1FFF8 should
be set to 1 to preserve battery life when the system is in storage
(see “Stopping And Starting The RTC Oscillator” on page 14).
■
The Vcap value specified in this data sheet includes a minimum
and a maximum value size. Best practice is to meet this
requirement and not exceed the max Vcap value because the
nvSRAM internal algorithm calculates Vcap charge time based
on this max Vcap value. Customers that want to use a larger
Vcap value to make sure there is extra store charge and store
time should discuss their Vcap size selection with Cypress to
understand any impact on the Vcap voltage level at the end of
a tRECALL period.
Once the sixth address in the sequence has been entered, the
STORE cycle starts and the chip is disabled. It is important that
READ cycles and not WRITE cycles be used in the sequence
and that G is active. After the tSTORE cycle time has been fulfilled,
the SRAM is again activated for READ and WRITE operation.
Software RECALL
Data is transferred from nonvolatile memory to the SRAM by a
software address sequence. A Software RECALL cycle is
initiated with a sequence of READ operations in a manner similar
to the Software STORE initiation. To initiate the RECALL cycle,
the following sequence of E or G controlled or READ operations
must be performed:
1. Read Address 0x4E38 Valid READ
2. Read Address 0xB1C7 Valid READ
3. Read Address 0x83E0 Valid READ
4. Read Address 0x7C1F Valid READ
5. Read Address 0x703F Valid READ
6. Read Address 0x4C63 Initiate RECALL Cycle
Internally, RECALL is a two-step procedure. First, the SRAM
data is cleared, and second, the nonvolatile information is transferred into the SRAM cells. After the tRECALL cycle time, the
SRAM is once again be ready for READ or WRITE operations.
The RECALL operation in no way alters the data in the nonvolatile storage elements.
Data Protection
The STK17TA8 protects data from corruption during low-voltage
conditions by inhibiting all externally initiated STORE and
WRITE operations. The low voltage condition is detected when
VCC<VSWITCH.
If the STK17TA8 is in a WRITE mode (both E and W low) at
power-up, after a RECALL, or after a STORE, the WRITE will be
inhibited until a negative transition on E or W is detected. This
protects against inadvertent writes during power up or brown out
conditions.
Noise Considerations
The STK17TA8 is a high speed memory and so must have a high
frequency bypass capacitor of 0.1 µF connected between both
VCC pins and VSS ground plane with no plane break to chip VSS.
Use leads and traces that are as short as possible. As with all
high speed CMOS ICs, careful routing of power, ground, and
signals reduces circuit noise.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Low Average Active Power
CMOS technology provides the STK17TA8 with the benefit of
power supply current that scales with cycle time. Less current is
drawn as the memory cycle time becomes longer than 50 ns.
Figure 15 shows the relationship between ICC and
READ/WRITE cycle time. Worst-case current consumption is
shown for commercial temperature range, VCC=3.6V, and chip
enable at maximum frequency. Only standby current is drawn
when the chip is disabled. The overall average current drawn by
the STK17TA8 depends on the following items:
1. The duty cycle of chip enable.
2. The overall cycle rate for accesses.
3. The ration of READs to WRITEs.
4. The operating temperature.
5. The VCC level.
6. I/O loading.
Page 13 of 23
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STK17TA8
Figure 15. Current versus Cycle Time
You can power the real time clock with either a capacitor or a
battery. Factors to be considered when choosing a backup
power source include the expected duration of power outages
and the cost and reliability trade-off of using a battery versus a
capacitor.
If you select a capacitor power source, connect the capacitor to
the VRTCcap pin and leave the VRTCbat pin unconnected.
Capacitor backup time values based on maximum current specs
are shown below. Nominal times are approximately three times
longer.
RTC Operations
Real Time Clock
The clock registers maintain time up to 9,999 years in one
second increments. The user can set the time to any calendar
time and the clock automatically keeps track of days of the week
and month, leap years, and century transitions. There are eight
registers dedicated to the clock functions which are used to set
time with a write cycle and to read time during a read cycle.
These registers contain the Time of Day in BCD format. Bits
defined as "0" are currently not used and are reserved for future
use by Cypress.
Reading The Clock
The user should halt internal updates to the real time clock
registers before reading clock data to prevent the reading of data
in transition. Stopping the internal register updates does not
affect clock accuracy.
Write a “1” to the read bit "R" (in the Flags register at 0x1FFF0)
captures the current time in holding registers. Clock updates will
not restart until a “0” is written to the read bit. The RTC registers
can then be read while the internal clock continues to run.
Within 20ms after a “0” is written to the read bit, all real time clock
registers are simultaneously updated.
Setting The Clock
Set the write bit “W” (in the Flags register at 0x1FFF0) to a "1" to
enable the time to be set. The correct day, date and time can then
be written into the real time clock registers in 24-hour BCD
format. The time written is referred to as the "Base Time." This
value is stored in nonvolatile registers and used in calculation of
the current time. Reset the write bit to "0" to transfer the time to
the actual clock counters. The clock starts counting at the new
base time.
Backup Power
The RTC in intended to keep time even when system power is
lost. When primary power, VCC, drops below VSWITCH, the real
time clock switches to the backup power supply connected to
either the VRTCcap or VRTCbat pin.
The clock oscillator uses a maximum of 300 nanoamps at 2 volts
to maximize the backup time available from the backup source.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Capacitor Value
Backup Time
0.1 F
72 hours
0.47 F
14 days
1.0 F
30 days
A capacitor has the obvious advantage of being more reliable
and not containing hazardous materials. The capacitor is
recharged every time the power is turned on so that real time
clock continues to have the same backup time over years of
operation.
If you select a battery power source, connect the battery to the
VRTCbat pin and leave the VRTCcap pin unconnected. A 3V lithium
battery is recommended for this application. The battery capacity
should be chosen for the total anticipated cumulative down-time
required over the life of the system.
The real time clock is designed with a diode internally connected
to the VRTCbat pin. This prevents the battery from ever being
charged by the circuit.
Stopping And Starting The RTC Oscillator
The OSCEN bit in Calibration register at 0x1FFF8 enables RTC
oscillator operation. This bit is nonvolatile and shipped to
customers in the “enabled” state (set to 0). OSCEN should be set
to a 1 to preserve battery life while the system is in storage. This
turns off the oscillator circuit extending the battery life. If the
OSCEN bit goes from disabled to enabled, it typically takes 5
seconds (10 seconds max) for the oscillator to start.
The STK17TA8 has the ability to detect oscillator failure due to
loss of backup power. The failure is recorded by the OSCF
(Oscillator Failed) bit of the Flags register (at address 0x1FFF0).
When the device is powered on (VCC goes above VSWITCH), the
OSCEN bit is checked for "enabled" status. If the OSCEN bit is
enabled and the oscillator is not active within the first 5 ms, the
OSCF bit is set. The user should check for this condition and then
write a 0 to clear the flag. When the OSCF flag bit is set, the real
time clock registers are reset to the “Base Time” (see the section
"Setting the Clock"), the value last written to the real time clock
registers.
The value of OSCF should be reset to 0 when the real time clock
registers are written for the first time. This initializes the state of
this bit which may have become set when the system was first
powered on.
To reset OSCF, set the write bit “W” (in the Flags register at
0x1FFF0) to a "1" to enable writes to the Flag register. Write a
“0” to the OSCF bit. and thenreset the write bit to "0" to disable
writes.
Page 14 of 23
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STK17TA8
Calibrating The Clock
The RTC is driven by a quartz controlled oscillator with a nominal
frequency of 32.768 KHz. Clock accuracy will depend on the
quality of the crystal, specified (usually 35 ppm at 25 C). This
error could equate to 1.53 minutes gain or loss per month. The
STK17TA8 employs a calibration circuit that can improve the
accuracy to +1/-2 ppm at 25 C. The calibration circuit adds or
subtracts counts from the oscillator divider circuit.
The number of time pulses are added or substracted depends
upon the value loaded into the five calibration bits found in
Calibration register (at 0x1FFF8). Adding counts speeds the
clock up; subtracting counts slows the clock down. The
Calibration bits occupy the five lower order bits of the register.
These bits can be set to represent any value between 0 and 31
in binary form. Bit D5 is a Sign bit, where a “1” indicates positive
calibration and a “0” indicates negative calibration. Calibration
occurs during a 64 minute period. The first 62 minutes in the
cycle may, once per minute, have one second either shortened
by 128 or lengthened by 256 oscillator cycles.
If a binary “1” is loaded into the register, only the first 2 minutes
of the 64 minute cycle is modified; if a binary 6 is loaded, the first
12 will be affected, and so on. Therefore each calibration step
has the effect of adding 512 or subtracting 256 oscillator cycles
for every 125,829,120 actual oscillator cycles. That is +4.068 or
-2.034 ppm of adjustment per calibration step in the calibration
register.
The calibration register value is determined during system test
by setting the CAL bit in the Flags register (at 0x1FFF0) to 1. This
causes the INT pin to toggle at a nominal 512 Hz. This frequency
can be measured with a frequency counter. Any deviation
measured from the 512 Hz will indicate the degree and direction
of the required correction. For example, a reading of 512.01024
Hz would indicate a +20 ppm error, requiring a -10 (001010) to
be loaded into the Calibration register. Note that setting or
changing the calibration register does not affect the frequency
test output frequency.
To set or clear CAL, set the write bit “W” (in the Flags register at
0x1FFF0) to a "1" to enable writes to the Flag register. Write a
value to CAL. and then reset the write bit to "0" to disable writes.
The alarm value should be initialized on power-up by software
since the alarm registers are not nonvolatile.
To set or clear Alarm registers, set the write bit “W” (in the Flags
register at 0x1FFF0) to a "1" to enable writes to the Alarm
registers. Write an alarm value to the alarm registers and then
reset the write bit to "0" to disable writes.
Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer is designed to interrupt or reset
processor should the program get hung in a loop and
respond in a timely manner. The software must reload
watchdog timer before it counts down to zero to prevent
interrupt or reset.
the
not
the
this
The watchdog timer is a free running down counter that uses the
32 Hz clock (31.25 ms) derived from the crystal oscillator. The
watchdog timer function does no operate unless the oscillator is
running.
The watchdog counter is loaded with a starting value from the
load register and then counts down to zero setting the watchdog
flag (WDF) and generating an interrupt if the watchdog interrupt
is enabled. The watchdog flag bit is reset when the flag register
is read. The operating software would normally reload the
counter by setting the watchdog strobe bit (WDS) to 1 within the
timing interval programmed into the load register.
To use the watchdog timer to reset the processor on timeout, the
INT is tied to processor master reset and Interrupt register is
programmed to 24h to enable interrupts to pulse the reset pin on
timeout.
To load the watch dog timer, set a new value into the load register
by writing a “0” to the watchdog write bit (WDW) of the watchdog
register (at 01x1FFF7). Then load a new value into the load
register. Once the new value is loaded, the watchdog write bit is
then set to 1 to disable watchdog writes. The watchdog strobe
bit (WDS) is then set to 1 to load this value into the watchdog
timer.
Note Setting the load register to zero disables the watchdog
timer function.
The default Calibration register value from the factory is 00h. The
user calibration value loaded is retained during a power loss.
The system software should initialize the watchdog load register
on power-up to the desired value since the register is not nonvolatile.
Alarm
Power Monitor
The alarm function compares a user-programmable alarm
time/date (stored in registers 0x1FFF1-5) with the real time clock
time-of-day/date values. When a match occurs, the alarm flag
(AF) is set and an interrupt is generated if the alarm interrupt is
enabled. The alarm flag is automatically reset when the Flags
register is read.
The STK17TA8 provides a power monitor function. The power
monitor is based on an internal band-gap reference circuit that
compares the VCC voltage to VSWITCH.
Each of the alarm registers has a match bit as its MSB. Setting
the match bit to a 1 disables this alarm register from the alarm
comparison. When the match bit is 0, the alarm register is
compared with the equivalent real time clock register. Using the
match bits, the alarm can occur as specifically as one particular
second on one day of the month or as frequently as once per
minute.
Note The product requires the match bit for seconds(1x1FFF2 D7) be set to 0 for proper operation of the Alarm Flag and
Interrupt.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
When the power supply drops below VSWITCH, the real time clock
circuit is switched to the backup supply (battery or capacitor) .
When operating from the backup source, no data may be read
or written to the nvSRAM and the clock functions are not
available to the user. The clock continues to operate in the
background. Updated clock data is available to the user tHRECALL
delay after VCC has been restored to the device.
When power is lost, the PF flag in the Flags Register is set to
indicate the power failure and an interrupt is generated if the
power fail interrupt is enabled (interrupt register=20h). This line
would normally be tied to the processor master reset input for
perform power-off reset.
Page 15 of 23
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STK17TA8
Interrupts
The STK17TA8 has a Flags register, Interrupt Register, and
interrupt logic that can interrupt a microcontroller or generate a
power-up master reset signal. There are three potential interrupt
sources: the watchdog timer, the power monitor, and the clock
alarm. Each can be individually enabled to drive the INT pin by
setting the appropriate bit in the Interrupt register. In addition,
each has an associated flag bit in the Flags register that the host
processor can read to determine the interrupt source. Two bits in
the Interrupt register determine the operation of the INT pin
driver.
A functional diagram of the interrupt logic is shown below:
Figure 16. Interrupt Block Diagram
Power
Monitor
WIE
PF
P/L
PFE
Pin
Driver
H/L
VINT
VCC
INT
VSS
AF
Clock
Alarm
High/Low (H/L). When set to a 1, the INT pin is active high and
the driver mode is push-pull. The INT pin can drive high only
when VCC>VSWITCH. When set to a 0, the INT pin is active low
and the drive mode is open-drain. The active low (open drain)
output is maintained even when power is lost .
Pulse/Level (P/L). When set to a 1, the INT pin is driven for
approximately 200 ms when an interrupt occurs. The pulse is
reset when the Flags register is read. When P/L is set to a 0, the
INT pin is driven high or low (determined by H/L) until the Flags
register is read.
The Interrupt register is loaded with the default value 00h at the
factory. The user should configure the Interrupt register to the
value desired for their desired mode of operation. Once
configured, the value is retained during power failures.
WDF
Watchdog
Timer
Power Fail Interrupt Enable (PFE). When set to 1, the INT pin is
driven by a power fail signal from the power monitor circuit. When
set to 0, only the PF flag is set.
AIE
Interrupt Register
Flags Register
The Flags register has three flag bits: WDF, AF, and PF. These
flags are set by the watchdog time-out, alarm match, or power
fail monitor respectively. The processor can either poll this
register or enable interrupts to be informed when a flag is set.
The flags are automatically reset once the register is read.
The Flags register is automatically loaded with the value 00h on
power up (with the exception of the OSCF bit).
Watchdog Interrupt Enable (WIE). When set to 1, the watchdog
timer drives the INT pin when a watchdog time-out occurs. When
WIE is set to 0, the watchdog time-out only sets the WDF flag bit.
Alarm Interrupt Enable (AIE). When set to 1, the INT pin is driven
when an alarm match occurs. When set to 0, the alarm match
only sets the AF flag bit.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 16 of 23
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STK17TA8
RTC Register
Register
BCD Format Data
D7
D6
0x1FFFF
D5
D4
D3
D2
10s Years
0x1FFFE
0
0
0
10s
Months
0x1FFFD
0
0
10s Day of
Month
0x1FFFC
0
0
0
0x1FFFB
0
0
0
0
D1
D0
Years
Years: 00-99
Months
Months: 01-12
Day of Month
Day of Month: 01-31
Day of Week
10s Hours
Function / Range
Day of week: 01-07
Hours
Hours: 00-23
0x1FFFA
0
10s Minutes
Minutes
Minutes: 00-59
0x1FFF9
0
10s Seconds
Seconds
Seconds: 00-59
0x1FFF8
OSCEN
[0]
0
0x1FFF7
WDS
WDW
0x1FFF6
WIE [0]
AIE [0]
Cal
Sign
Calibration[00000]
Calibration values*
WDT
PFE
[0]
0
H/L
[1]
Watchdog*
P/L [0]
0
0
Interrupts*
0x1FFF5
M
0
10s Alarm Date
Alarm Day
Alarm, Day of Month: 01-31
0x1FFF4
M
0
10s Alarm Hours
Alarm Hours
Alarm, hours: 00-23
0x1FFF3
M
10 Alarm Minutes
Alarm Minutes
Alarm, minutes: 00-59
0x1FFF2
M
10 Alarm Seconds
Alarm Seconds
Alarm, seconds: 00-59
0x1FFF1
0x1FFF0
10s Centuries
WDF
AF
PF
Centuries
OSCF
0
CAL[0]
W[0]
Centuries: 00-99
R[0]
Flags*
* A binary value, not a BCD value.
0 - Not implemented, reserved for future use.
Default Settings of nonvolatile Calibration and Interrupt registers from factory
Calibration Register=00h
Interrupt Register=00h
The User should configure to desired value at startup or during operation and the value is then retained during a power failure.
[ ] designates values shipped from the factory. See “Stopping And Starting The RTC Oscillator” on page 14 .
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 17 of 23
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STK17TA8
Register Map Detail
0x1FFFF
0x1FFFE
0x1FFFD
0x1FFFC
0x1FFFB
0x1FFFA
0x1FFF9
0x1FFF8
OSCEN
Calibration
Sign
Calibration
D7
D6
D5
Real Time Clock – Years
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
10s Years
Years
Contains the lower two BCD digits of the year. Lower nibble contains the value for years; upper nibble contains
the value for 10s of years. Each nibble operates from 0 to 9. The range for the register is 0-99.
Real Time Clock – Months
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
0
0
10s Month
Months
Contains the BCD digits of the month. Lower nibble contains the lower digit and operates from 0 to 9; upper nibble
(one bit) contains the upper digit and operates from 0 to 1. The range for the register is 1-12.
Real Time Clock – Date
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
0
10s Day of month
Day of month
Contains the BCD digits for the date of the month. Lower nibble contains the lower digit and operates from 0 to 9;
upper nibble contains the upper digit and operates from 0 to 3. The range for the register is 1-31. Leap years are
automatically adjusted for.
Real Time Clock – Day
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
0
0
0
0
Day of week
Lower nibble contains a value that correlates to day of the week. Day of the week is a ring counter that counts from
1 to 7 then returns to 1. The user must assign meaning to the day value, as the day is not integrated with the date.
Real Time Clock – Hours
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
0
10s Hours
Hours
Contains the BCD value of hours in 24 hour format. Lower nibble contains the lower digit and operates from 0 to
9; upper nibble (two bits) contains the upper digit and operates from 0 to 2. The range for the register is 0-23.
Real Time Clock – Minutes
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
10s Minutes
Minutes
Contains the BCD value of minutes. Lower nibble contains the lower digit and operates from 0 to 9; upper nibble
contains the upper minutes digit and operates from 0 to 5. The range for the register is 0-59.
Real Time Clock – Seconds
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
10s Seconds
Seconds
Contains the BCD value of seconds. Lower nibble contains the lower digit and operates from 0 to 9; upper nibble
contains the upper digit and operates from 0 to 5. The range for the register is 0-59.
Calibration
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
OSCEN
0
Calibration
Calibration
Sign
Oscillator Enable. When set to 1, the oscillator is disabled. When set to 0, the oscillator is enabled. Disabling the
oscillator saves battery/capacitor power during storage.
Determines if the calibration adjustment is applied as an addition (1) to or as a subtraction (0) from the time-base.
These five bits control the calibration of the clock.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 18 of 23
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STK17TA8
Register Map Detail (continued)
0x1FFF7
WDS
WDW
WDT
0x1FFF6
WIE
AIE
PFIE
0
H/L
P/L
0x1FFF5
M
0x1FFF4
M
0x1FFF4
M
Watchdog Timer
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
WDS
WDW
WDT
Watchdog Strobe. Setting this bit to 1 reloads and restarts the watchdog timer. The bit is cleared automatically
once the watchdog timer is reset. The WDS bit is write only. Reading it always will return a 0.
Watchdog Write Enable. Set this bit to 1 to disable writing of the watchdog time-out value (WDT5-WDT0). This
allows the user to strobe the watchdog stobe bit without disturbing the time-out value. Set this bit to 0 to allow bits
5-0 to be written.
Watchdog time-out selection. The watchdog timer interval is selected by the 6-bit value in this register. It represents
a multiplier of the 32 Hz count (31.25 ms). The range of time-out values is 31.25 ms (a setting of 1) to 2 seconds
(setting of 3Fh). Setting the watchdog timer register to 0 disables the timer. These bits can be written only if the
WDW bit was cleared to 0 on a previous cycle.
Interrupt
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
WIE
AIE
PFIE
ABE
H/L
P/L
0
0
Watchdog Interrupt Enable. When set to 1 and a watchdog time-out occurs, the watchdog timer drives the INT pin
as well as setting the WDF flag. When set to 0, the watchdog time-out only sets the WDF flag.
Alarm Interrupt Enable. When set to 1, the alarm match drives the INT pin as well as setting the AF flag. When set
to 0, the alarm match only affects the AF flag.
Power-Fail Enable. When set to 1, a power failure drives the INT pin as well as setting the PF flag. When set to 0,
the power failure only sets the PF flag.
Reserved For Future Used
High/Low. When set to a 1, the INT pin is driven active high. When set to 0, the INT pin is open drain, active low.
Pulse/Level. When set to a 1, the INT pin is driven active (determined by H/L) by an interrupt source for approximately 200 ms. When set to a 0, the INT pin is driven to an active level (as set by H/L) until the Flags register is read.
Alarm – Day
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
M
0
10s Alarm Date
Alarm Date
Contains the alarm value for the date of the month and the mask bit to select or deselect the date value.
Match. Setting this bit to 0 causes the date value to be used in the alarm match. Setting this bit to 1 causes the
match circuit to ignore the date value.
Alarm – Hours
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
M
0
10s Alarm Hours
Alarm Hours
Contains the alarm value for the hours and the mask bit to select or deselect the hours value.
Match. Setting this bit to 0 causes the hours value to be used in the alarm match. Setting this bit to 1 causes the
match circuit to ignore the hours value.
Alarm – Hours
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
M
0
10s Alarm Hours
Alarm Hours
Contains the alarm value for the hours and the mask bit to select or deselect the hours value.
Match. Setting this bit to 0 causes the hours value to be used in the alarm match. Setting this bit to 1 causes the
match circuit to ignore the hours value.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 19 of 23
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STK17TA8
Register Map Detail (continued)
0x1FFF2
M
0x1FFF1
0x1FFF0
WDF
AF
PF
OSCF
CAL
W
R
Alarm – Seconds
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
M
10s Alarm Seconds
Alarm Seconds
Contains the alarm value for the seconds and the mask bit to select or deselect the seconds’ value.
Match. Setting this bit to 0 causes the seconds’ value to be used in the alarm match. Setting this bit to 1 causes
the match circuit to ignore the seconds value.
Real Time Clock – Centuries
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
10s Centuries
Centuries
Contains the BCD value of centuries. Lower nibble contains the lower digit and operates from 0 to 9; upper nibble
contains the upper digit and operates from 0 to 9. The range for the register is 0-99 centuries.
Flags
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
WDF
AF
PF
OSCF
0
CAL
W
R
Watchdog Timer Flag. This read-only bit is set to 1 when the watchdog timer is allowed to reach 0 without being
reset by the user. It is cleared to 0 when the Flags register is read or on power-up.
Alarm Flag. This read-only bit is set to 1 when the time and date match the values stored in the alarm registers
with the match bits = 0. It is cleared when the Flags register is read or on power-up.
Power-fail Flag. This read-only bit is set to 1 when power falls below the power-fail threshold VSWITCH. It is cleared
to 0 when the Flags register is read or on power-up.
Oscillator Fail Flag. Set to 1 on power-up only if the oscillator is enabled and not running in the first 5ms of operation.
This indicates that RTC backup power failed and clock value is no longer valid. The user must reset this bit to 0
to clear this condition.
Calibration Mode. When set to 1, a 512Hz square wave is output on the INT pin. When set to 0, the INT pin resumes
normal operation. This bit defaults to 0 (disabled) on power up.
Write Enable. Setting the W bit to 1 freezes updates of the RTC registers and enables writes to RTC registers,
Alarm registers, Calibration register, Interrupt register and Flags register. Setting the W bit to 0 causes the contents
of the RTC registers to be transferred to the timekeeping counters if the time has been changed (a new base time
is loaded). This bit defaults to 0 on power up.
Read Time. Set R to 1 to captures the current time in holding registers so that clock updates are not seen during
the reading process. Set R to 0 to enable the holding register to resume clock updates. This bit defaults to 0 on
power up.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 20 of 23
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STK17TA8
Ordering Information
STK17TA8-R F 45 ITR
Packing Option
Blank=Tube
TR=Tape and Reel
Temperature Range
Blank=Commercial (0 to +70 C)
I= Industrial (-45 to +85 C)
Access Time
25=25 ns
45=45 ns
Lead Finish
F=100% Sn (Matte Tin) RoHS Compliant
Package
R=Plastic 48-pin 300 mil SSOP (25 mil pitch)
Ordering Codes
Ordering Code
Description
Access Times
(ns)
Temperature
STK17TA8-RF25
3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
25
Commercial
STK17TA8-RF45
3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
45
Commercial
STK17TA8-RF25TR 3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
25
Commercial
STK17TA8-RF45TR 3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
45
Commercial
STK17TA8-RF25I
3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
25
Industrial
STK17TA8-RF45I
3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
45
Industrial
STK17TA8-RF25ITR 3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
25
Industrial
STK17TA8-RF45ITR 3V 128Kx8 AutoStore nvSRAM+RTC SSOP48-300
45
Industrial
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 21 of 23
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STK17TA8
Package Diagrams
Figure 17. 48-Pin SSOP (51-85061)
51-85061 *C
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Page 22 of 23
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STK17TA8
Document History Page
Document Title: STK17TA8 128k X 8 AutoStore™ nvSRAM with Real Time Clock
Document Number: 001-52039
Orig. of
Submission
Rev. ECN No.
Description of Change
Change
Date
**
2668660 GVCH/PYRS
03/04/2009
New Data Sheet
Sales, Solutions, and Legal Information
Worldwide Sales and Design Support
Cypress maintains a worldwide network of offices, solution centers, manufacturer’s representatives, and distributors. To find the office
closest to you, visit us at cypress.com/sales.
Products
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psoc.cypress.com/solutions
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wireless.cypress.com
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image.cypress.com
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psoc.cypress.com/can
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Image Sensors
psoc.cypress.com/precision-analog
© Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 2009. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of any
circuitry other than circuitry embodied in a Cypress product. Nor does it convey or imply any license under patent or other rights. Cypress products are not warranted nor intended to be used for medical,
life support, life saving, critical control or safety applications, unless pursuant to an express written agreement with Cypress. Furthermore, Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical
components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress products in life-support systems
application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
Any Source Code (software and/or firmware) is owned by Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (Cypress) and is protected by and subject to worldwide patent protection (United States and foreign),
United States copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Cypress hereby grants to licensee a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to copy, use, modify, create derivative works of,
and compile the Cypress Source Code and derivative works for the sole purpose of creating custom software and or firmware in support of licensee product to be used only in conjunction with a Cypress
integrated circuit as specified in the applicable agreement. Any reproduction, modification, translation, compilation, or representation of this Source Code except as specified above is prohibited without
the express written permission of Cypress.
Disclaimer: CYPRESS MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Cypress reserves the right to make changes without further notice to the materials described herein. Cypress does not
assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in life-support systems where
a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress’ product in a life-support systems application implies that the manufacturer
assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
Use may be limited by and subject to the applicable Cypress software license agreement.
Document #: 001-52039 Rev. **
Revised March 02, 2009
Page 23 of 23
AutoStore and QuantumTrap are registered trademarks of Cypress Semiconductor Corporation. All products and company names mentioned in this document are the trademarks of their respective
holders.
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