Ferris Industries IS4000Z/D31 User's Manual

OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
IS4000Z Series
Zero-Turn Riding Mower
Tractor:
Mower Deck:
Models
Description
IS4000Z/D31
IS4000Z w/ 31 HP B&S,D Engine
IS4000Z/KAV27 IS4000Z w/ 27 HP Kawasaki Engine
Models
4000/72
4000/61
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
Description
72” Mower Deck
61” Mower Deck
22470
Rev. No. 04
Rev. Date: 9/2003
TP 100-7002-04-4Z-F
FERRIS LIMITED WARRANTY
IMPORTANT
This warranty shall apply ONLY if the warranty registration form has been completed and
returned to Ferris Industries, Inc. within 20 days from the date of delivery.
Ferris Industries, Inc. (Ferris) warrants, in accordance with the provisions below, to the
original purchaser for the period of twenty-four (24) months from the date of delivery of a
Ferris mower that the mower is free from defects in material or workmanship. Ferris’ obligation under this warranty is to repair or replace, at Ferris’ election, without charge and at
the place of business of a dealer authorized to handle Ferris mowers, any part or parts of
the machine which, in the judgment of Ferris, prove to be defective.
THIS WARRANTY AND FERRIS’ OBLIGATION HEREUNDER IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS
FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and all other obligations or liabilities of Ferris for incidental
and consequential damages resulting from the design, manufacture, sale or use of the
machine. No person is authorized to make any warranty or assume for Ferris any liability
not strictly in accordance with this warranty.
This warranty shall not apply to any mower part which, in the judgment of Ferris, has been
altered or tampered with in any way or has been subjected to misuse, neglect or accident,
or has had the serial numbers altered, effaced or removed. This warranty does not apply
to component parts not manufactured by Ferris (motors, batteries, tires, belts) except to
the extent of their individual manufacturer’s guarantees.
Ferris Industries, Inc. is continually striving to improve its products, and therefore reserves
the right to make improvements or change when it becomes practical and possible to do
so, without incurring any obligation to make changes or additions to the equipment sold
previously.
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
www.ferrisindustries.com
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table of Contents
Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Service .......22
Identification Numbers .......................................2
Safety Rules & Information ................................3
Features & Controls ............................................6
Troubleshooting the Rider .....................................22
Troubleshooting the Mower ...................................23
Seat Adjustment....................................................24
Ground Speed Control Lever Adjustment .............24
Speed Balancing Adjustment................................24
Parking Brake Adjustment ....................................25
Suspension Height Adjustment.............................26
Mowing Height Adjustment ...................................26
Mower Deck Leveling Adjustment.........................27
Deck Lift Spring Adjustment .................................27
PTO Clutch Adjustment ........................................28
Blade Brake Check ...............................................28
Neutral Adjustment ...............................................29
Belt Removal & Replacement ...............................30
Mower Deck Drive Belt.................................30
Clutch Drive Belt ..........................................31
Pump Drive Belt ...........................................32
Gearbox Maintenance...........................................33
Check Gearbox Oil Level .............................33
Change Gearbox Oil ....................................33
Battery Service .....................................................34
Checking the Battery Voltage.......................34
Charging A Completely
Discharged Battery .................................34
Jump Starting with
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery......................34
Control Functions....................................................6
Safety Interlock System ..........................................7
Operating the Zero Turn Rider ...........................8
General ...................................................................8
Checks Before Starting ...........................................8
Starting the Engine .................................................9
Stopping the Rider ..................................................9
Mowing....................................................................9
Pushing the Rider by Hand.....................................9
Zero Turn Driving Practice ....................................10
Storage..................................................................12
Starting After Long Term Storage .........................12
Regular Maintenance ........................................14
Maintenance Schedule .........................................14
Checking Tire Pressures.......................................14
Checking/Adding Fuel...........................................15
Fuel Filter ..............................................................15
Oil & Filter Change ...............................................15
Check / Change Air Filter......................................15
Replace Spark Plug ..............................................15
Check Hydraulic Oil Level .....................................15
Check Antifreeze Level .........................................16
Change Antifreeze ................................................16
Clean Radiator Screens........................................16
Check Warning Lights and Buzzer........................16
Lubrication ............................................................17
Battery Maintenance .............................................19
Checking Battery Fluid.................................19
Cleaning the Battery and Cables .................19
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................20
Lawn Care & Mowing Information .............LC—1
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
WARNING
WARNING
You must read, understand and comply with all safety
and operating instructions in this manual before
attempting to set-up and operate your machine.
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
Failure to comply with all safety and operating
instructions can result in loss of machine control,
serious personal injury to you and / or bystanders,
and risk of equipment and property damage. The
triangle in the text signifies important cautions or
warnings which must be followed.
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
TP 100-7002-04-4Z-F
1
Identification
Numbers
IDENTIFICATION TAG LOCATIONS
When contacting your
Authorized Dealer for
replacement parts, service,
or information YOU MUST
HAVE THESE NUMBERS.
Tractor
identification tag
XXXXXXX
XXXXXXX
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
PRODUCT
Record your model name/number, unit and mower deck,
manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in the
space provided for easy reference.
•
•
•
REFERENCE
DATA
Model Description Name/Number
Unit MFG Number
Unit SERIAL Number
The Tractor I.D. tag is located on the inside of the
main frame rail, behind the deck height plate.
Mower Deck MFG Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
The Mower Deck I.D. tag is located under the righthand guard, near the front of the deck.
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
For location of Engine Serial Number, refer to the
Engine Owner’s Manual.
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration
Card supplied with your unit.
Engine Make/Model
2
Engine ID/Serial Number
Safety Rules
& Information
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of the unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle
in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
OPERATION
TRAINING
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Mow only in the daylight or with good artificial light.
• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake is
engaged before starting engine. Only start engine
from the operator’s position. Use seat belts if provided.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector in place.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
when changing directions on slopes.
• Never raise deck with the blades running.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting. Keep hands and
feet away from the cutting units.
• Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
• Never operate with guards not securely in place. Be
sure all interlocks are attached, adjusted properly
and functioning properly.
• Never operate with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered, unless using a grass catcher.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed the engine.
• Stop on level ground, lower implements, disengage
drives, engage parking brake, shut off engine before
leaving the operator’s position for any reason including emptying the grass catchers or unclogging the
chute.
• Stop equipment and inspect blades after striking
objects or abnormal vibration occurs. Make necessary repairs before resuming operations.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
crossing roads and sidewalks. Stop blades if not
mowing.
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit
into a trailer or truck.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can not read English it is the
owner’s responsibility to explain this material to them.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The
owner is responsible for training the users.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Never let children or untrained people operate or
service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for
accidents or injuries occurring to themselves, other
people or property.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely
enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
PREPARATION
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments are needed to properly and safely
perform the job. Use only accessories and attachments approved by the manufacturer.
• Wear appropriate clothing including safety shoes,
safety glasses and ear protection. Long hair, loose
clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving parts.
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be used
and remove all objects such as rocks, toys and wire,
which can be thrown by the machine.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
b) Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do not
smoke.
c) Never refuel the unit indoors.
• Check that operator’s presence controls, safety
switches and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate unless they are functioning
properly.
3
Safety Rules & Information
SLOPE OPERATION
CHILDREN
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not drive
on it.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
WARNING
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10
feet horizontally. In the forward direction, this
machine will climb a slope too steep to mow
safely.
• Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution when operating on slopes with rear-mounted
grass catcher.
• Watch for any changes in the terrain such as ditches,
holes, rocks, dips and rises, which change the operating angle of the machine.
• Carefully follow the “Do’s” and “Dont’s” listed below.
TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling
practices when refueling the unit after transportation
or storage.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Never store the unit or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame or pilot light, such as in a
water heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
Do
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
available weights to improve stability.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a slow speed so that you
will not have to stop or change speed while on the
slope.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
Do Not
b) Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
c) Never refuel the unit indoors.
• Never run a unit in an enclosed area.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Keep unit free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise in the engine
manufacturer’s manual.
4
Safety Rules & Information
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check
components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all
settings and adjustments.
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper
service procedures can result in hazardous operation, equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s warranty.
WARNING
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure may
have sufficient force to penetrate skin and cause
serious injury.
If foreign fluid is injected into the skin it must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this form of injury or gangrene may
result.
Keep body and hands away from pin holes or nozzles
that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure. Use
paper or cardboard and not hands to search for leaks.
Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections are tight and
all hydraulic hoses and lines are in good condition
before applying pressure to the system.
If leaks occur, have the unit serviced immediately by
your authorized dealer.
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE
Improper release of the deck lift assist spring can
result in serious personal injury. Spring should
be removed by an authorized dealer only.
SAFETY DECALS
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your rider and mower should be carefully
read and obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when
these instructions are not followed. The information is for
your safety and it is important!
Reading this manual and the safety instructions will provide you with the necessary basic knowledge to operate
this equipment safely and effectively. We have placed
several safety labels on the unit to remind you of this
while you are operating your unit.
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704277
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant visual reminder to you, and others who may use
the equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for safe, effective operation.
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276
WARNING
Decal - Warning/Danger
Part No. 46387
BEWARE OF
POWER DRIVEN PARTS
Decal - Warning
Part No. 20337
5
Features & Controls
of the Zero Turn Rider
Please take a moment and familiarize yourself with
the name, location, and function of the following.
This will enable you to understand the safety and operating instructions provided in this manual.
A
C
B
A
E
H
I
J
K
L
D
M
F
G
N
O
Figure 1. CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of the individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and
sequence of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
A. Ground Speed Control Levers
C. Ignition Switch
These levers control the ground speed of the rider. The
left lever controls the left rear drive wheel and the right
lever controls the right rear drive wheel.
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
three positions:
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
Moving a lever forward increases the FORWARD speed
of the associated wheel, and pulling back on a lever
increases the REVERSE speed.
Note: The further a lever is moved away from the neutral
position the faster the drive wheel will turn.
RUN
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
START Cranks the engine for starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
See the Operating the Zero Turn Rider section, page 8,
for steering instructions.
D. Parking Brake Handle
B. Seat Adjustment Lever
The parking brake is applied by pulling UP on the parking brake handle until it locks over-center. To release the
parking brake, push the handle DOWN.
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move the
lever forward, position the seat as desired, and release
the lever to lock the seat in position.
6
Features & Controls
SAFETY
INTERLOCK SYSTEM
E. PTO (Power Take Off) Switch
The PTO switch engages and disengages the mower.
Pull UP on the switch to engage the mower, and push
DOWN to disengage the mower.
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches and
other safety devices. These safety systems are present
for your well being, do not attempt to bypass safety
switches, and never tamper with safety devices. Check
their operation regularly.
F & G. Deck Lift Pedal & Cutting Height
Adjustment Pin
These control the cutting height of the mower deck.
Depress the pedal until it locks into the TRANSPORT
position. Place the adjustment pin in the desired cutting
height and release the lift pedal.
Operational SAFETY Checks
Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety system.
Check the seat switch operation every fall and spring
with the following tests.
H & I. Throttle / Choke Control
Pulling the round choke control knob (I) out fully chokes
the engine for cold starts. (A warm engine may not
require choking.) Moving the throttle control (H) fully forward is FULL throttle position. Always operate the unit
at FULL throttle when mowing.
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
• PTO switch is engaged, OR
• Parking brake is not engaged, OR
J. Hour Meter
• Motion control handles are not in the NEUTRAL
position, OR
Measures the time of the PTO being engaged.
• Operator is not on the seat.
Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
• PTO switch is NOT engaged, AND
K. Voltmeter
Measures the battery voltage.
• Parking brake is engaged, AND
L. Water Temperature Gauge (IS4000Z/D31 only)
Measures the engine coolant temperature.
• Motion control handles are locked in the NEUTRAL
position, AND
M. Indicator Lights & Warning Buzzer
• Operator is on the seat.
The indicator lights will illuminate and buzzer will sound
when the ignition switch is in the “ON” position before
cranking the engine. After the engine is running, the
indicator lights will illuminate and the buzzer will sound
when there is either low oil pressure or high coolant
temperature.
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
• Operator rises off seat with parking brake disengaged, OR
• Operator moves the control levers out of the neutral
position with the parking brake engaged.
N. Fuel Tank Selection/Shut Off Valve
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
Turning the handle to the desired position determines
which tank will be supplying fuel. With the handle pointing towards the left, it will draw fuel from the left-hand
tank. With the handle pointed towards the right, it will
draw fuel from the right-hand fuel tank. With the handle
pointing towards the operator, it will shut off fuel flow to
the engine.
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within seven seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). If mower
drive belt does not stop within seven seconds, see your
dealer.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, PTO switch must
be turned off, parking brake must be engaged, and the
motion control handles must be locked in the NEUTRAL
position after the operator returns to the seat in order to
start the engine.
O. Left Tank Selection Valve
Turning the handle to the desired position determines
which section of the left-hand tank will be supplying fuel.
With the handle pointing towards the right, it will draw
fuel from the primary section of the fuel tank. With the
handle pointing towards the left, it will draw from the
reserve section of the tank. With the handle pointing
towards the operator, it will shut off fuel flow to the tank
selection shut off valve.
WARNING
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety interlock system.
7
Operating
the Zero Turn Rider
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
DANGER
Before first time operation:
• Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this
tractor and mower.
OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE
DANGEROUS
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10
feet horizontally.
• Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
• Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to the unit.
Operate the unit at a slow ground speed when
driving onto slope.
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
Use extra caution when operating on slopes with
rear-mounted grass catcher, and when changing
directions. DO NOT START OR STOP ON A
SLOPE.
• Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.
See the engine Operators Manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
• Check the radiator fluid level. See engine’s operators
manual for instructions.
WARNING
• Check the hydraulic oil level. Refer to regular maintenance section, page 15.
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
• Turn the key switch to the on position, but do not
start the engine. The Warning Buzzer for both the
water temperature and oil pressure should be heard,
and the Indicator lights on the indicator for both the
water temperature and oil pressure should be illuminated. The lights and warning buzzer should go off
when the engine starts.
Before leaving the operators position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
Do not stop or park tractor over dry leaves, grass
or combustible materials.
• Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
• Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from the operators position.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
• Fill the fuel tanks with fresh fuel. Refer to engine
manual for fuel recommendations.
8
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
MOWING
WARNING
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged, the motion control handles are
locked in the NEUTRAL position and the operator is
on the seat.
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without
first becoming familiar with the location and
function of ALL controls.
3. Set the mower cutting height.
4. Engage the PTO by pulling up on the PTO switch (E,
Figure 1).
STARTING THE ENGINE
5. Set the throttle to FULL.
1. While sitting in the operators seat, engage the parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the motion control handles are locked in
the NEUTRAL position.
6. Begin mowing. See the Lawn Care Section for tips
on mowing patterns, lawn care, and trouble shooting
information.
7. When finished, slow engine down and shut off the
PTO.
2. NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking.
Set the engine throttle control (H, Figure 1) to FAST
throttle position. Then fully close the choke (I, Figure
1) by pulling the knob OUT fully.
8. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
PUSHING THE RIDER BY HAND
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch (C, Figure 1)
and turn it to START.
DO NOT TOW RIDER
Towing the unit will cause hydraulic pump
and wheel motor damage. Do not use
another vehicle to push or pull this unit.
4. After the engine starts, gradually open the choke
(push knob down fully).
Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute
before engaging the PTO switch or driving the rider.
1. See Figure 2 to locate the hydraulic release valves.
5. After warming the engine, ALWAYS operate the
unit at FULL THROTTLE when mowing.
2. To open the dump valves, turn the right-hand release
valve, which is located on top of the right-hand
pump, counter-clockwise 2 full turns MAX. Then turn
the left-hand release valve, which is located on the
bottom of the left-hand pump, counter-clockwise 2
full turns MAX.
In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to
STOP. Use this method only in emergency situations.
For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given
in STOPPING THE RIDER.
3. Disengage the parking brake. The tractor can now
be pushed by hand.
STOPPING THE RIDER
4. After moving the tractor, re-engage the pumps (drive
position) by turning the release valves clockwise and
tighten to 80-120 in/lbs.
1. Returning the ground speed control levers (A, Figure
1) to the middle position will stop tractor movement.
Pivot the levers outward and lock them in NEUTRAL.
2. Disengage the PTO by pushing down on the PTO
switch (E, Figure 1).
3. Engage the parking brake by pulling the handle (D,
Figure 1) up until it locks into position.
4. Move the throttle control (H, Figure 1) to mid-throttle
position and turn the ignition key to OFF. Remove
the key.
A
Figure 2.
A.
9
Hydraulic Release Valve Location
Hydraulic Release Valve (Right-hand side shown)
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
ZERO TURN
DRIVING PRACTICE
Smooth Travel
The lever controls of the
Zero Turn rider are
RESPONSIVE .
The lever controls of the Zero Turn rider are responsive,
and learning to gain a smooth and efficient control of the
rider’s forward, reverse, and turning movements will take
some practice.
The BEST method of
handling the ground
speed control levers is in
three steps — as shown
in Figure 3.
Spending some time going through the maneuvers
shown and becoming familiar with how the unit accelerates, travels, and steers — before you begin mowing —
is absolutely essential to getting the most out of the Zero
Turn rider.
FIRST place your hands
onto the levers as shown.
Locate a smooth, flat area of your lawn — one with
plenty of room to maneuver. (Clear the area of objects,
people and animals before you begin.) Operate the unit
at mid-throttle during this practice session (ALWAYS
operate at full throttle when mowing), and turn slowly to
prevent tire slippage and damage to your lawn.
SECOND, to go forward
gradually push the levers
forward with your palms.
We suggest you begin with the Smooth Travel procedure
to the right, and then advance through the forward,
reverse, and turning maneuvers.
THIRD, to speed up move
the levers farther forward.
To slow down smoothly,
slowly move the levers
toward neutral.
You must release the parking brake prior to moving the
control levers inward.
Figure 3.
Move Control
Levers Gradually
BASIC DRIVING
Forward Travel Practice
Reverse Travel Practice
Gradually move both ground speed control levers —
evenly FORWARD from neutral. Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Straight forward travel takes practice. If necessary, top speed can be balance-adjusted — see the
Speed Balancing Adjustment in the Adjustments section
near the back of this manual.
LOOK DOWN & BEHIND, then gradually move both
ground speed control levers evenly BACK from neutral.
Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Practice backing up for several minutes before
attempting to do so near objects. The rider turns sharply
in reverse as well as forward, and backing up straight
takes practice.
Reverse
Travel
Forward
Travel
Figure 4.
Forward Travel
Figure 5.
10
Forward Travel
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
Practice Turning Around a Corner
Practice Turning In Place
While traveling forward allow one handle to gradually
return back toward neutral. Repeat several times.
To turn in place, “Zero Turn,” gradually move one ground
speed control lever forward from neutral and one lever
back from neutral simultaneously. Repeat several times.
NOTE: To prevent pivoting directly on the tire tread, it is
best to keep both wheels going at least slightly forward.
NOTE: Changing the amount each lever is pulled—forward
or back, changes the “pivot point” you turn on.
Turning
In-Place
Executing
Turns
Figure 6.
Turning Around a Corner
Figure 7.
Turning in Place
Figure 8.
Executing an End-Of-Row Turn
ADVANCED DRIVING
Executing an End-Of-Row Zero
Turn
Your Zero Turn Rider’s unique ability to turn
in place allows you to turn around at the end
of a cutting row rather than having to stop
and Y-turn before starting a new row.
For example, to execute a right end-of row
Zero Turn:
1. Slow down at the end of the row.
2. Move the RIGHT ground speed control
lever forward slightly while moving the
LEFT ground speed control lever back to
center and then slightly back from center.
3. Begin mowing forward again.
This technique turns the rider LEFT and
slightly overlaps the row just cut —eliminating
the need to back up and re-cut missed grass.
As you become more familiar and experienced with operating the Zero Turn rider, you
will learn more maneuvers that will make
your mowing time easier and more enjoyable.
Remember, the more you practice, the
better your control of the Zero Turn will
be!
11
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
STORAGE
11. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a fuel
stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system, follow
all safety instructions and storage precautions in this
manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition
of gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and ignite, causing risk
of explosion and fire.
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline, so
never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel
vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor is also
toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in any structure used
for human or animal habitation.
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for extended
periods (30 days or more), may develop gummy deposits
which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause
engine malfunction. To avoid this condition, add a gasoline
stabilizer to the fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes,
or drain all fuel from the unit before placing it in storage.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the unit in an area away from where children may
come into contact with it. If there’s any chance of unauthorized use, remove the spark plug (s) and put in a
safe place. Be sure the spark plug opening is protected
from foreign objects with a suitable cover.
WARNING
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonable level surface,
chock the wheels.
Never store the unit, with gasoline in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may
reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as
a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and
cause an explosion.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
• If temperature is expected to drop below 35 degrees,
refer to Long Term Storage, Item 2.
Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules
section, then perform the following steps:
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable
and careless use could result in serious fire
damage to your person or property.
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with a
grade of oil that will be required when unit is used
again.
Drain fuel outdoors into an approved container
and away from open flame or sparks.
2. Use an Antifreeze tester to check the cooling system’s
level of protection. Read the instructions on the
Antifreeze container for the appropriate ratio of water to
Antifreeze for your geographical area.
STARTING AFTER
LONG TERM STORAGE
3. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
a. Remove mower deck from the unit.
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
1. Remove any blocks from under the unit.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of
oil to prevent rusting.
2. Install the battery if it was removed.
3. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
4. Clean external surfaces and engine.
4. Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine manual for recommendations.
5. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
5. See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions
for preparing engine after storage.
6. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins,
engine housing and air cleaner element.
6. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if necessary. If any condensation has developed during storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
7. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic
or other waterproof material to keep out moisture, dirt
and insects.
7. Check coolant level, refer to “Check Antifreeze Level” on
page 16.
8. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the
Regular Maintenance section.
8. Check Hydraulic oil level, refer to “Check Hydraulic Oil
Level” section on page 15.
9. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any
areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
9. Inflate tires to proper pressure.
10. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with
water and is fully charged. Battery life will be increased
if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place and fully
charged about once a month. If battery is left in unit,
disconnect the negative cable.
10. Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area
12
Notes
13
Regular
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your rider and mower. You will need to keep a record of
your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by observing the hour meter.
See
Page
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
Every
Every
Every
5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours
Spring
& Fall
Check Safety Interlock System
7
X
X
Check Rider Brakes
23
X
X
Check Mower Blade Stopping Time
24
X
See
Page
NORMAL CARE ITEMS
X
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
Every
Every
Every
5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours
Check Rider/Mower for loose hardware
—
Check Engine Oil Level
15*
Check Engine Air Filter
15*
Change Engine Oil & Filter **
15*
Lubricate Rider & Mower
17
Check Tire Pressure
14
X
***X
Check Hydraulic Fluid
15
X
***X
Check Fuel Filter
15
X
Clean Battery & Cables
17
X
Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades
18
X
Inspect Spark Plug
15*
X
Check Coolant Level
16
Change Coolant
16
Check & Clean Radiator Screens
16
X
Check Warning Buzzer & Lights
16
X
Check Gearbox Oil Level ****
29
*
**
***
****
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
***X
***X Every 50 Hours
X
X
X
X
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
Tire Pressure should be checked periodically, and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note that these
pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation”
stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures
shown provide proper traction, improve cut quality, and
extend tire life.
Pressure
Front
25 psi (172 kPa)
Rear
18 psi (124 kPa)
***X
***X
See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
Change gearbox oil after first 100 hrs. and every 500 hrs. thereafter (see Gearbox Maintenance).
Tire
Spring
& Fall
Figure 9.
14
Checking Tire Pressure
X
Regular Maintenance
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
WARNING
To add fuel:
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
1. Remove the fuel cap.
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the fill tube. This will
leave room in the tank for fuel expansion. Refer to
your engine manual for specific fuel recommendations.
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
4. Repeat same process for opposite tank.
FUEL FILTER
Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL,
gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol,
gasoline additives, premium gasoline, or
white gas because engine/fuel system
damage could result.
The fuel filter is located in the fuel line between fuel shut
off valve and the fuel pump. If filter is dirty or clogged,
replace as follows:
1. Shut off the fuel valve.
2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
3. Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.
4. Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter.
5. Remove hoses from filter.
6. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
7. Secure with hose clamps.
8. Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished.
OIL & FILTER CHANGE
Refer to engine owners manual.
CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER
Refer to engine owners manual.
REPLACE SPARK PLUG
Refer to engine owners manual.
B
CHECK HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL
A
NOTE: Do not open the hydraulic oil reservoir unless oil
is being added.
1. Visually check that the hydraulic oil level is filled to
the recess area (C, Figure 10) of the hydraulic oil
reservoir (A, Figure 10).
C
3. If necessary, remove the reservoir cap (B, Figure 10)
and add either Mobil 1™, 15W-50 synthetic oil or
Castrol Syntec™ 5W-50 oil. DO NOT use conventional oils. Make sure area around the filler neck is
free of dust, dirt, or other debris.
Figure 10. Checking Hydraulic Oil Level
A.
B.
C.
15
Hydraulic Oil Reservoir
Cap
Tank Recess
Regular Maintenance
CHECK ANTIFREEZE LEVEL
The engine coolant level and quality should be checked
before each use, when the engine is cool and off.
1. Check the coolant in the overflow reservoir (A,
Figures 11A & 11B). Coolant should be between the
“FULL” and “LOW” marks on the tank.
B
2. If coolant level is below the “LOW” on the overflow
reservoir, add coolant by shutting off the engine,
allowing the engine to cool, removing the reservoir
cap (B, Figures 11A & 11B) and adding coolant.
Refer to Antifreeze container for proper mix ratio of
Antifreeze and distilled water.
A
CHANGE ANTIFREEZE
Figure 11A. Engine Coolant and Overflow
See engine owners manual for specific antifreeze procedures. The antifreeze drain valve is located at the base
of the right-hand side of the radiator.
(IS4000Z/D31)
A. Coolant Overflow Reservoir
B. Reservoir Cap
CLEAN RADIATOR SCREENS
Clean the radiator screens before each use to allow
proper air-flow through radiator and engine compartment.
1. Open the hood
B
2. Slide both radiator screens (A, Figure 12) up and out
of the mounting tracks.
3. Clean all dirt, grass, and debris from the screens.
A
4. Reinstall the screens.
CHECK WARNING LIGHTS AND
BUZZER.
1. Turn the ignition key to the ON position, but DO NOT
start the engine.
Figure 11B. Engine Coolant and Overflow
(IS4000Z/KAV27)
A. Coolant Overflow Reservoir
B. Reservoir Cap
2. View the warning light gauge. The red lights containing each symbol for water temperature and oil pressure should be illuminated and the warning buzzer
should also be on.
Once the engine is running, the buzzer and the warning
lights should turn off. During operation, if the buzzer or
warning lights come on, this indicates either high coolant
temperature or low oil pressure.
If the lights are not visible, or the buzzer can not be
heard, please contact your Ferris dealer.
A
Figure 12. Radiator Screens
(IS4000Z/D31 shown)
A. Radiator Screens
16
Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION
Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in FIgure 13
through 19 as well as the following lubrication points
Grease:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
front caster wheel axles
motion control pivots
suspension a-arms
rear deck mounts
deck lift pivots
deck lift foot pedal
blade spindles
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble
parts to apply grease to moving parts when grease
fittings are not installed.
Figure 13. Deck Lift Pedal & Pivots
Not all greases are compatible. Ferris Red Grease
(P/N 22285) is recommended, automotive-type hightemperature, lithium grease may be used when this
is not available.
Oil:
• control handle pivots
• floor plate hinge
• discharge chute hinge
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled
where contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and
grease off belts and pulleys. Remember to wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
Figure 14. Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
Figure 15. Deck Lubrication
(72” mower deck shown, same locations for 61” mower deck)
17
Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION (CON’T.)
Figure 17. Gearbox Drive Idler Pivot
Figure 16. Control Handle Pivots & Seat Pivots
RE-PACK
BEARINGS
ANUALLY
Figure 19. Rear Suspension Lubrication
Figure 18. Front Caster & Wheel
(Both upper & lower a-arms)
18
Regular Maintenance
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
A
(Note: The tractor uses a standard BCI58 battery)
B
Checking the Battery Fluid
1. Raise the seat plate to access battery..
2. Remove the battery filler cap (A, Figure 20). Fluid
must be even with the split ring full mark. If not, add
distilled water.
3. Reinstall the filler cap.
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (C).
C
2. Remove the battery and clean the compartment with
a solution of baking soda and water.
Figure 20. Battery Compartment
A.
B.
C.
3. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush until shiny.
4. Reinstall the battery and reattach the battery cables,
positive cable first (B).
Vent Cap(s)
Positive (+) Cable & Terminal
Negative (-) Cable & Terminal
WARNING
5. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks away
from the battery.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and
reconnect it LAST. If not done in this order, the
positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a
tool.
19
Regular Maintenance
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
1. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following
steps.
2. To remove blade for sharpening, use a wood block to
hold blade while using two 15/16” wrenches to
removing the blade mounting bolt and nut (Figure
21).
3. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove all
nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is severely
damaged, it should be replaced.
LOOSEN
4. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 22. Center the
blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
Figure 21. Removing the Blade
5. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in Figure 23. The five (5) blade spacers, blade, washer and bolt must be reinstalled in the
exact same order in which they were removed.
Secure with a bolt and hex nut. Use a wooden block
to prevent blade rotation and torque bolts to 70 ft.lbs.
(94 N.m.).
Nail
WARNING
For your personal safety, blade mounting bolts
must each be installed with a flat washer then
securely tightened. Torque blade mounting bolts
to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.)
Figure 22. Balancing The Blade
B
A
TIGHTEN
Figure 23. Installing The Blade
A.
B.
C.
20
4x4 Wood Block
Flat Washer
Blade Bolt
Notes
21
Troubleshooting
Adjustments & Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will extend
the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use
may eventually require that service be performed to
allow it to continue operating properly.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common
problems, their causes and remedies.
Always remove the ignition key, disconnect the
spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug
before beginning the maintenance, to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself. If you prefer, all of
these procedures can be performed for you by your local
authorized dealer.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE RIDER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine will not turnover or start.
1.
2.
1. Engage parking brake.
2. Place in OFF position.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
Parking brake not engaged.
PTO (electric clutch) switch
in ON position.
Out of fuel.
Engine flooded.
Fuse blown.
Battery terminals require
cleaning.
Battery discharged or dead.
Wiring loose or broken.
9. Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
10. Safety interlock switch
faulty.
11. Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled
or incorrectly gapped.
12. Water in fuel.
13. Gas is old or stale.
1. Fuel mixture too rich.
2.
Engine knocks.
Excessive oil consumption.
Engine exhaust is black.
Spark plug faulty, fouled, or
incorrectly gapped.
1. Low oil level.
2. Using wrong grade oil.
1. Engine running too hot.
2. Using wrong weight oil.
3. Too much oil in crankcase.
1. Dirty air filter.
2. Engine choke control
is in closed position.
22
3. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tank.
4. Move throttle control out of CHOKE position.
5. Replace fuse.
6. Clean the battery terminals
7. Recharge or replace.
8. Visually check wiring & replace broken or
frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
9. Repair or replace. See authorized service dealer
10. Replace as needed. See authorized
service dealer.
11. Clean and gap or replace.
See engine manual.
12. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
13. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
1. Clean air filter. Check choke adjustment
(throttle control).
2. Clean and gap or replace.
(See engine manual.)
1. Check/add oil as required.
2. See engine manual.
1. Clean radiator screens and
air cleaner.
2. See engine manual.
3. Drain excess oil.
1. Replace air filter. See engine manual.
2. Open choke control.
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Rider Troubleshooting Continued.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine runs, but rider will
not drive.
1.
1. Turn dump valve(s) clockwise to close.
Rider drive belt slips.
Brake will not hold.
Rider steers or handles poorly.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Hydraulic dump valve(s)
in “open” position.
Belt is broken.
Drive belt slips.
Brake is not fully released.
Clutch is out of adjustment.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Belt stretched or worn.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
Brake caliper pads worn.
Steering linkage is loose.
Improper tire inflation.
2. See Drive Belt Replacement.
3. See problem and cause below.
4. See authorized service dealer
1. See authorized service dealer.
2. Clean as required.
3. Replace belt.
1. See Brake Adjustment.
2. Replace with new brake pads.
1. Check and tighten any loose connections.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Mower will not raise.
1.
1. See authorized service dealer for repair.
Mower cut is uneven.
1.
2.
Mower cut is rough looking.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine stalls easily with
mower engaged.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Excessive mower vibration.
1.
2.
3.
Excessive belt wear or breakage.
4.
1.
2.
Mower or Hydraulic Pump
drive belts slips or fails to
drive.
1.
Lift linkage not properly attached
or damaged.
Mower not leveled properly.
Rider tires not inflated
equally or properly.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Blades are dull.
Mower drive belt slipping
because it is oily or worn.
Blades not properly fastened
to arbors.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Cutting height set too low.
Discharge chute jamming
with cut grass.
Blade mounting screws
are loose.
Mower blades, arbors,
or pulleys are bent.
Mower blades are out
of balance.
Belt installed incorrectly.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Using incorrect belt.
Idler pulley spring broken or not
properly attached.
2. Mower drive belt broken.
23
1. See Mower Adjustment.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Set throttle to full.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Sharpen or replace blades.
See Mower Blade Service.
4. Clean or replace belt as necessary.
5. See Servicing the Mower Blades.
1. Set to full throttle.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting
height during first pass.
4. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward
previously cut area.
1. Tighten to 45-55 ft.lbs. (61-75 N.m.).
2. Check and replace as necessary.
3. Remove, sharpen, and balance blades.
See Maintenance Section.
4. Reinstall Correctly.
1. Repair or replace.
2. Replace with correct belt.
1. Repair or replace as needed.
2. Replace drive belt.
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
See Figure 24. The seat can be adjusted forward and
back. Move the lever forward, position the seat as
desired, and release the lever to lock the seat into position.
Seat Adjustment
Lever
GROUND SPEED CONTROL LEVER
ADJUSTMENT
The control levers can be adjusted in three ways. The
alignment of the control levers, the placement of the
levers (how close the ends are to one another) and the
height of the levers can be adjusted.
Figure 24. Seat Adjustment
To Adjust the Handle Alignment
Loosen the mount hardware (A, Figure 25) and pivot the
lever(s) (C, Figure 25) to align with each other.
To Adjust the Handle Placement
C
Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the placement bolt (B,
Figure 25) in or out to properly adjust the lever end
spacing.
A
B
To Adjust the Handle Height
Remove the mounting hardware (A, Figure 25) and
reposition the handle either up or down from its original
position. You will need to readjust the handle alignment
as described above.
Figure 25. Control Lever Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
SPEED BALANCING ADJUSTMENT
Alignment Hardware
Placement Hardware
Ground Speed Control Lever
If the rider veers to the right or left when the ground
speed control levers are in the maximum forward position, the top speed of each of these levers can be balanced by turning the adjustment bolt(s) (A, Figure 19).
Only adjust the speed of the wheel that is traveling
faster.
To Reduce the Speed of the Faster Wheel
1. Loosen the jam nut (B, Figure 26).
A
2. Turn the top speed adjustment screw (A, Figure 26)
CLOCKWISE to reduce the speed.
B
3. Retighten the jam nut when adjustment is complete.
WARNING
Figure 26. Top Speed Adjustment
DO NOT adjust the tractor for a faster overall
speed forward or reverse than it was designed for.
(Left-hand side shown. Arrow pointing towards front.)
A. Top Speed Adjustment Screw
B. Jam Nut
24
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
FRONT
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, block the front
wheels, remove the ignition key, and engage the
parking brake.
A
2. Remove both fuel tanks.
3. Locate the upper brake spring (A, Figure 27).
4. With the parking brake engaged, measure the compressed spring length. The spring should be
2” to 2-1/8” (5,0cm - 5,4cm) when compressed.
5. If the spring is not within this range, jack up the rear
of the machine and secure with jackstands. Remove
both drive tires.
Figure 27. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
Upper Brake Spring
6. Locate the lower brake spring (A, Figure 28), adjustment nuts (B, Figure 28) and adjustment link (C,
Figure 28).
A
7. Release the parking brake and turn the adjustment
nuts to compress or release the upper spring. Lock
the nuts against the adjustment link (C, Figure 28).
NOTE: Do not adjust the upper brake spring to be shorter than 2” when compressed. This may damage the
caliper case.
B
If this does not correct the braking problem, see
your dealer.
C
Figure 28. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
25
Lower Brake Spring
Adjustment Nuts
Adjustment Link
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
SUSPENSION HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
If the rider tilts either side-to-side or front-to-rear, this
adjustment will level the frame with the ground.
Although this adjustment may not be necessary, it may
be required if additional weight (ie. a grass catcher) is
added to the frame or a drive tire is replaced.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor. Making this adjustment will
affect the mower cutting height. For fine cutting height
adjustment, see Mower Deck Leveling Adjustment.
To level the frame, first measure the frame height:
Figure 29. Front Frame Measurement
1. The measurement to the top side of the front frame
rails, just behind the springs and shocks should be
20-5/8” (52,4cm) for each side (see arrow in Figure
29).
2. The measurement to the top of the rear frame rails,
at the widest point on the frame behind the drive
tires should be 21-3/8” (54,3cm) for each side (see
arrow in Figure 30).
3. Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the square-head
allen screw located above each spring.
4. After adjusting all four (4) springs, recheck the measurements and adjust if necessary.
Figure 30. Rear Frame Measurement
MOWING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
B
See Mower Deck Leveling Adjustment to ensure that the
actual cutting height is consistent with the cutting height
adjustment pin placement.
The cutting height adjustment pin (A, Figure 31) controls
the mower cutting height. The cutting height is
adjustable between 1-3/4” (4,4cm) and 5” (12,7cm) in
1/4” (0,64cm) increments.
Depress the deck lift foot pedal (B, Figure 31), placing
the majority of the force on the top edge of the pedal
until it locks into the “TRANSPORT” position.
C
A
Place the cutting height adjustment pin in the desired
cutting height. Depress the deck lift foot pedal, placing
the majority of the force on the bottom edge of the pedal
to release the pedal from the “TRANSPORT” position.
Figure 31. Cutting Height Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
26
Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
Deck Lift Foot Pedal
Cutting Height Selection Decal
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
MOWER DECK LEVELING
ADJUSTMENT
1. Place the cutting height quick pin in the 4” setting.
2. Measure the front and back edges of the mower
deck. It should measure 4-1/2” (11,4cm) from the
ground to the front lower edge of the mower deck
and 3-5/8” (9,2cm) from the back lower edge to the
ground. These measurements should be made parallel to the frame of the tractor, in-line with the outer
blade spindle housings on both sides of the mower
deck (see Figure 32)
3. If the measurements taken do not match the dimensions specified, adjust the front and rear hanger
assemblies.
4. Using a 3/4” wrench and socket, adjust the front and
rear hanger assemblies (Figure 33) until the measurements are achieved, making sure the deck lift
pedal arm is still resting against the quick pin.
Figure 32. Height Measurement Location
(72” deck shown)
A
B
C
D
Figure 33. Deck Hanger Assembly
A.
B.
C.
D.
1/2” Bolt
Upper Pivot
Lower Pivot
1/2” Nylon Lock Nut
DECK LIFT SPRING ADJUSTMENT
1. After performing the mower deck leveling adjustment,
place the cutting height quick pin in the 3-1/2” setting.
2. Measure the length of the deck lift spring (A, Figure
34). This should be 12” (30,5cm) for the 72” deck or
13-3/8” (34cm) for the 61” deck. Be sure to measure
the spring only.
3. If not, loosen the jam nuts (B, Figure 34) and adjust
the spring to the desired length. Tighten the jam
nuts.
4.Perform this adjustment to both spring rods.
A
B
72” Deck:
12” (30,5cm)
61” Deck:
13-3/8” (34cm)
Figure 34. Spring Length Adjustment
A.
B.
27
Deck Lift Spring
Jam Nuts
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
A
B
B
B
C
Figure 36. Adjust PTO Clutch
B
A.
B.
C.
A
Window
Adjustment Nut
.016” - .018” (0,40mm - 0,45mm) Feeler Gauge
Figure 35. PTO Clutch Adjustment
A.
B.
Adjustment Window (Qty. 3, one shown)
Adjustment Nut
PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT
WARNING
Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 50 hour
break-in period and then after every 250 hours of operation. Also perform the following procedure if the clutch is
slipping or will not engage, or if a new clutch has been
installed.
1. Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect
spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of accidental starting while the PTO is being adjusted.
To avoid serious injury, perform adjustments only
with engine stopped, key removed and tractor on
level ground.
Blade Brake Check
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five (5) seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off.
1. With parking brake engaged, PTO disengaged and
an operator in the seat, start the engine engine.
2. See Figure 35. Note the position of the 3 adjustment
windows (A) in the side of the brake plate and the
nylock adjustment nuts (B).
2. Look down through the gap between the left side of
the floor and frame rail and observe the PTO drive
belt. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
3. Insert a .016” - .018” (0,40mm - 0,45mm) feeler
gauge (C) through each window, positioning the
gauge between the rotor face and the armature face
as shown in Figure 36.
4. Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts (B, Figure 35)
until the rotor face and armature face just contacts
the gauge.
3. If the mower drive belt does not stop within five (5)
seconds, perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment. If the
belt still does not stop within five (5) seconds, see
your dealer.
5. Check the windows for an equal amount of tension
when the gauge is inserted and removed, and make
any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosening the adjustment nuts.
NOTE: The actual air gap between the rotor and armature may vary even after performing the adjustment procedure. This is due to dimensional variations on component parts, and is an acceptable condition.
6. Check the mower blade stopping time. The mower
blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five (5) seconds after the electric
PTO switch is turned off.
28
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
WARNING
Before checking mower, shut off PTO and engine.
Allow all moving parts to stop. Remove ignition
key, then disconnect the spark plug wire and
fasten it away from the spark plug.
B
A
If the tractor “creeps” while the ground speed control
levers are locked in NEUTRAL, then it may be necessary to adjust the control linkage.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake and
turn off the engine.
Figure 37. Neutral Adjustment
(Left-hand side shown)
A. Control Linkage
B. Jam Nut
2. Loosen the jam nut (B, Figure 37) and turn the
adjustment linkage (A) to adjust. If the machine
creeps forward, turn the linkage CLOCKWISE (while
standing at the rear of the machine, facing forward),
if the machine creeps backward, turn the linkage
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE.
3. Lock the jam nut (B) when neutral is achieved.
NOTE: This adjustment should not be performed while
the machine is running. It may take several attempts to
achieved neutral, depending upon how much the
machine creeps.
29
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT
Mower Drive Belt Removal & Replacement
To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT
PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
A
B
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
Figure 38. Mower PTO Belt
A.
B.
Belt Tension Spring
Spring Compression Nut
2. Remove the hairpin clip and clevis pin and remove
the deck lift foot pedal. Lift the floor plate to gain
access to the PTO drive belt.
D
B
C
3. Loosen the spring compression nut (B, Figure 38) to
release the belt tension.
4. Slide the drive belt over the edge of the springloaded idler pulley and remove belt from all pulley
grooves.
5. Remove the old belt and replace with a new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the pulley
grooves (Figure 39).
A
A
D
D
A
6. Install the drive belt on the gearbox pulley, the spindle pulleys and idler pulleys. Tighten the spring compression nut (B, Figure 38) until the belt tension
spring (A, Figure 38) is compressed to 1-5/8”
(4,12cm) long.
7. Run the mower under no-load condition for approximately 5 minutes to break in the belt.
Figure 39. Mower PTO Belt Routing
A.
B.
30
Spindle Pulley
PTO Drive Belt
C. Spring-loaded Idler Pulley
D. Stationary Idler Pulley
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Clutch Belt Removal
A
B
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
C
D
2. Remove the rear skid plate by removing the bolts
that fasten the skid plate to the bumper and slide the
plate forward until it drops from the mounts.
3. Remove the rear belt shield and rear guard support.
E
4. Remove the bumper.
E
5. Remove the nylon lock nut (A, Figure 40) to release
the belt tension and unhook the clutch belt idler
spring (C) from the screw hook (B). Set the screw
hook aside.
F
6. Remove the 5/16” bolt, washers and nut (D) that fasten the rubber pad to the clutch and unplug the
clutch from the electrical harness. Note the order
that the hardware is oriented before removing.
Figure 40. Clutch Belt Removal & Replacement
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
7. Loosen the four (4) nylon lock nuts (E) that mount
the gear box to the pump plate.
8. Pushing upward on the gearbox (F), remove the
clutch belts from the gearbox pulley grooves.
3/8” Nylon Lock Nut
Screw Hook
Clutch Belt Idler Spring
Clutch Anchor Hardware
Gearbox Mount Hardware
Gearbox
9. Pulling the belts over the top of the clutch, remove
the clutch belts from the clutch pulley grooves and
pull around the idler pulley.
Clutch Belt Replacement & Adjustment
1. Install the clutch belts over the top of the clutch, into
the grooves of the crankshaft pulley and around the
idler pulley.
4
(12 -3/4"
,1c
m)
2. Pushing upward on the gearbox (F), place the clutch
belts in the grooves of the gear box pulley.
3. Push the gearbox down as far as possible and tighten the four (4) nylon lock nuts (E). Make sure the
bottom pulley on the gearbox is parallel with the
frame.
4. Hook the spring clutch belt idler spring on the screw
hook and reinstall the screw hook into the anchor.
Adjust the screw hook until the spring measures
4-3/4” (12,1cm) to the outside of the loops on the
spring (see Figure 41).
Figure 41. Idler Spring Measurement
5. Reinstall the clutch anchor pad to the clutch with the
hardware (D) previously removed. Make sure the
hardware is in the same order as is was before being
removed, with the smaller washer(s) between the
clutch pad and the clutch.
6. Reinstall the bumper, rear hood support, rear belt
shield and skid plate.
31
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Pump Drive Belt Removal
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
A
2. Remove the clutch belts (see CLUTCH BELT
REMOVAL for instructions).
3. Using a 1/2” breaker bar, place the square end in the
square hole located in the middle of the idler arm
(A, Figures 42). Carefully rotate the breaker bar
counter-clockwise, which will relieve the tension on
the belts exerted from the idler arm.
WARNING
Figure 42. Pump Belt Removal & Replacement
Use extreme caution when rotating the idler arm
with the breaker bar, due to the increased tension
in the spring as the idler arm is being rotated.
Injury may result if the breaker bar is prematurely
released while the spring is under tension.
A.
4. Remove the belts from the right-hand and left-hand
pump drive pulley grooves.
5. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar until
the idler arm stops against the left-hand pump drive
pulley.
6. Remove the belts from the crankshaft pulley grooves
and pull over the top of the clutch.
Pump Drive Belt Replacement
1. Place the belts over the clutch into the crankshaft
pulley grooves.
2. Carefully rotate the idler arm with the breaker bar
counter-clockwise (see Figure 42) and wrap the belts
around the bottom side of the idler arm pulley and
place the belts in the left-hand pump pulley grooves.
4. While holding the breaker bar firmly, place the belts
in the right-hand pump pulley grooves.
5. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar.
6. Inspect the belt path making sure that all belts are
properly seated in the pulley grooves.
7. Reinstall the clutch belts (see CLUTCH BELT
REPLACEMENT & ADJUSTMENT for instructions).
32
Pump Drive Idler Arm
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
GEARBOX MAINTENANCE
Top
Check Gearbox Oil Level
A
1. Remove fill plug (A, Figure 43) on gearbox.
2. Once plug is removed, oil should seep out of fill plug
hole. If no oil drains out, fill with SAE 80-90 weight
gear oil until oil starts to seep from hole, then
replace fill plug.
Changing Gearbox Oil
NOTE: The gearbox lubricant should be changed after
the first 100 hrs. or 30 days of operation, then after 500
hours or 12 months.
Front
B
1. Remove the mower deck drive belt (see MOWER
DRIVE BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT for
instructions).
Figure 43. Gearbox Oil Level
A.
B.
2. Rotate the the mower deck drive pulley on the gearbox so the drain plug is aligned with the opening
between the pulley spokes.
3. Place a container under the gearbox drain hole and
remove the drain plug (B).
4. Replace drain plug and fill with SAE 80-90 weight
gear oil until oil starts to seep from hole, then
replace fill plug.
5. Using a parts solvent, thoroughly clean any excess
oil from the pulley faces and groove.
6. Reinstall the mower deck drive belt (see MOWER
DRIVE BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT for
instructions).
33
Fill Plug
Drain Plug
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
BATTERY SERVICE
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (until the specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher and
the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
WARNING
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
Checking Battery Voltage
JUMP STARTING WITH AUXILIARY
(BOOSTER) BATTERY
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to Figure 44.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. For example, it may mean that the alternator is not charging the
battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of
the problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the
battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
CHARGING A COMPLETELY
DISCHARGED BATTERY
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add distilled water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to
the proper level near the end of the charge). If the
battery is extremely cold, allow it to warm before
adding water because the water level will rise as it
warms. Also, an extremely cold battery will not
accept a normal charge until it becomes warm.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled
vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds
125° F (51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of
electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced
or temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle
speed. Remove the cable connection at the engine
or frame. Then remove the other end of the same
cable from the booster battery.
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
34
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 44. Jump Starting
WARNING
WARNING
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in:
(1) personal injury caused by electrolyte
squirting out the battery vents,
(2) personal injury or property damage due to
battery explosion,
(3) damage to the charging system of the
booster vehicle or of the immobilized
vehicle.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture or
explode. If a frozen battery is suspected, examine
all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be seen or if
the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do not
attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the
battery remains frozen.
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open flame
or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
When removing or installing battery cables, disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
35
Lawn Care
& Mowing Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your
lawn in the best possible condition. A healthy and well
maintained lawn is better able to resist drought, weeds,
and other stresses. But too much maintenance is as
detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Proper care for your
lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass.” To have
a healthy lawn, you need to know:
Types of Grass, Climate and Conditions
How and When to Water, Fertilize & Aerate
How High to Mow the Grass
When and How Often to Mow
What Mowing Patterns to Use
Proper Mowing Methods
How to Solve Common Mowing Problems
TYPES OF GRASS, CLIMATE AND
CONDITIONS
A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household
lawns, but two main groups known as cool-season
grasses (varieties of bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue),
and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda, buffalo
grass, and zoysia varieties) are the most common.
The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates, and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as
warm-season grasses, but conversely, the warm-season
grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these
grasses. (A local nursery or lawn center may help you to
identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a
sample.)
Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to
proper lawn care. Drier climates or conditions will require
additional watering, while wetter climates may require
more frequent mowing.
HOW AND WHEN TO WATER,
FERTILIZE & AERATE
The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow,
soaking rain, applying about 1 inch of water. A method
of verifying the amount that you have watered, is to place
several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in
various spots around the lawn, and check the depth of
water in the can during the watering process.
HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN
Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil, the amount of local
rainfall, and other conditions. Most lawns are watered
too often, but with too little water. However too much
water can allow development of diseases with your lawn.
It is best to water the lawn only when necessary, and
then to water it slowly, evenly, and deeply—imitating
a slow, soaking rain.
WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN
When the lawn begins to wilt, the grass’s color dulls, or
footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds,
the lawn is beginning to dry out, and needs additional
moisture. The best time to water is early morning to allow
the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the
amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun.
TP 600-7000-01-UV-FD
HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN
Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing
nutrients which help create slow, even growth. While
opinions vary on the need for fertilizing, when and how
much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of
the lawn and soil than any routine. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm, and that most fertilizing
should be applied in the spring so that it will release into
the lawn through the summer. For more information,
check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist, and
read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions.
AERATING YOUR LAWN
Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator
to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the
speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper
root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater
movement of water, fertilizer and air.
LC-1
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
HOW HIGH TO
MOW THE GRASS
Cut less than
1/3
Often cutting height is a
matter of personal preference. Typically, you should
mow the grass when it is is
between three and five
inches high. The proper
cutting height range for a
specific lawn will depend
upon several factors,
including the type of grass,
the amount of rainfall, the
prevailing temperature, and
the lawn’s overall condition.
Optimal
cutting point
at less than
1/3 from top
of grass blade
Cutting down to this
area contributes to
thatch problems
Cutting the grass too short
causes weak, thin grass
plants, which are easily
damaged by dry periods
and pests. Cutting too short
is often more damaging
than allowing the grass to be slightly higher.
Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and
dry—reduces heat build-up, preserves needed moisture and
protects the grass from heat damage and other problems.
However, allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf
and additional problems.
1/3
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth
system and weakens the grass plants. A good rule of
thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of
the grass height, and never more than 1 inch at a time.
The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also
effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for
example, broadcasting with side discharge decks can
process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does).
NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for
mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section.
Cut Here On
First Pass
Cut
Here On
Second
Pass
1 inch
Proper Cutting Height
Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the desired
height and mow a second or third time.
Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings. Consider using a grass collection system
and starting a compost pile.
LC-2
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect
the results you’ll get when mowing. For the best results,
follow these guidelines:
l Mow when the grass is between three and five inches
high.
l Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass one
inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer
blades. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and
efficiently, preventing frayed edges which harm the
grass.
l Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry.
Late afternoon or early evening often provide these
ideal mowing conditions.
l Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and
never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does
not mulch well, and clumps beneath the mower
deck).
WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE
Where possible, make one or two passes around the
outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn
to keep the cut grass off fences and walks.
Always start mowing on a smooth, level area.
The size and type of area to be mowed will determine
the best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as
trees, fences and buildings, and conditions such as
slopes and grades must also be considered.
l Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
l Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
l For a truly professional cut, mow across the lawn in
one direction, then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when
mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems. Use an appropriate ground speed for
the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd
gear or slower for manual gear models). If you hear the
engine slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a
slower ground speed.
The remainder of the mowing should be done in the
opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed
OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut.
LC-3
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
MOWING METHODS
Proper Broadcast Mowing
Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf courses use
this method. Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow
freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly
over the lawn.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING
ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or
slower for manual gear models). If you hear the engine
Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. Do not cut the
grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Do not cut off more
that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a slower
ground speed.
Proper Mulching
HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH
Mulching consists of a mower
Mulching
Action
deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and
ly results from cutting only the
which then blows them down
top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass
INTO the lawn. These tiny partiblade. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly
products your lawn can use.
(much more quickly than longer
UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). The ideal cutting
TIONS, your mulching mower will virtually eliminate
height will vary with climate, time of year, and quality of
noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
your lawn. We recommend that you experiment with both
the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
the best cut. Start with a high cutting height and using
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height
MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS
ences.
Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is
wet, or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Even more
than normal mowing, mulching requires that the grass be
dry and the the appropriate amount is cut.
Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during the
first two or three mowings in the spring. The long grass
blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are
more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or
grass bagging operation.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground speed
while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would
be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under
similar conditions. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting, using a slower ground speed is
vitally important for proper mulching operation.
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information
TIPS On Dealing With Clippings
Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically
lead to thatch—this is untrue. Short clippings produced
by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching
methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn
because they:
COMPOSTING
The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your
lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost
pile. A compost pile is a collection of grass, leaves, and
other organic wastes which—when properly tended—
decompose into an odorless, topsoil material. This
material, in turn, acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your
lawn and garden.
How to start a healthy compost pile:
1 Build a bin using bricks, fencing, cement blocks, etc. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store. The bin
should also have venting on each side and from the bottom
to the top.
2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. Follow this
recipe:
First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse
material.
Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves, grass clippings,
sawdust, etc. Materials should be "sponge damp."
Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help
break down organic matter.
Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen
needed by micro-organisms.
Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. Top off with
a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch
rain water.
3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of
140-160 degrees. At this time you'll notice it settling, a
good sign your compost is working properly.
4 After 5-6 weeks, fork materials into a new pile, turning the
outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. Add
water if necessary. The compost should be ready to use
within three to four months when dark brown, crumbly, and
earthy-smelling.
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•
•
•
•
Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
Moderate soil temperature.
Clippings act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut
grass blades are 85% water, and are a rich source
of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. And
one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb.
of usable organic nitrogen.
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS
Streaking
Streaking
Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left
behind the mower. Streaking is usually caused by
operator error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Not overlapping cutting rows enough
Not overlapping enough when turning
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
Overlap your cutting rows
When turning your effective cutting width
decreases–overlap more when turning
Stepped Cutting
Stepped Cutting
Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in
the lawn surface. Stepped cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment, or damage to
mower blades.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tires are not properly inflated
Blades are damaged
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Check and inflate the tires
Replace the blades
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information
Uneven Cutting
Uneven Cutting
Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the
lawn surface. Uneven cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Blades are dull or worn
Blades are damaged
Deck is clogged with grass clippings
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Sharpen or replace the blades
Replace the blades
Clean out the deck
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
Scalping
Scalping
Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits
the ground. Scalping can be caused by the mower deck
misadjustment, unevenness in the lawn, or by mower
deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Lawn is uneven or bumpy
Mower deck cutting height is set too low
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tire pressure is low or uneven
Roll or level the lawn
Raise the cutting height
Slow down
Correctly level the deck
Check and inflate the tires
Stingers
Stingers
Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind
the mower. Stingers are usually caused by operator
error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp or are nicked
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
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Common International Symbols
PTO Clutch
Choke
Fast (Throttle)
Parking Brake
Slow (Throttle)
Brake
Throttle
Mower Cutting
Height Adjustment
Fuel
Headlights
Technical Manuals
Additional Technical Literature Available
Operators Manuals
Additional copies of this manual are available, (and as part
of our product support commitment, we maintain a stock of
printed operators manuals going back many years!)
Parts Manuals
Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available —
these manuals show all of the product’s components in
exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of
the parts and how they go together), as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. Important assembly notes and
special torque values are included in these manuals.
For the applicable manuals currently available for
your model, contact your local dealer. Have the
information listed in the box at the right available
when making in your request.
Model:
Serial No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
Visa/Mastercard No.:
Card Expiration Date:
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Notes
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