Garmin echo 150 Installation Instructions

GPSMAP® 500/700 Series and
echoMAP™ 50/70 Series Installation
Instructions
Important Safety Information
WARNING
See the Important Safety and Product Information guide in the
product box for product warnings and other important
information.‍
When connecting the power cable, do not remove the in-line
fuse holder.‍ To prevent the possibility of injury or product
damage caused by fire or overheating, the appropriate fuse
must be in place as indicated in the product specifications.‍ In
addition, connecting the power cable without the appropriate
fuse in place will void the product warranty.‍
CAUTION
Always wear safety goggles, ear protection, and a dust mask
when drilling, cutting, or sanding.‍
NOTICE
When drilling or cutting, always check what is on the opposite
side of the surface.‍
Registering Your Device
Help us better support you by completing our online registration
today.‍
• Go to http:​/‍​/‍my​.garmin​.com.‍
• Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.‍
Contacting Garmin Product Support
• Go to www.garmin.com/‍support and click Contact Support
for in-country support information.‍
• In the USA, call (913) 397.‍8200 or (800) 800.‍1020.‍
• In the UK, call 0808 2380000.‍
• In Europe, call +44 (0) 870.‍8501241.‍
the dashboard.‍ If you want to mount the device using an
alternative method where it appears flat with the front of the
dashboard, you must purchase a flat-mount kit (sold separately,
with professional installation recommended) from your Garmin®
dealer.‍
When selecting a mounting location, observe these
considerations.‍
NOTE: Not all mounting methods are available for all device
models.‍ See the specific mounting-type section for more details
about your model.‍
• The location should provide optimal viewing as you operate
your boat.‍
• The location should allow for easy access to all device
interfaces, such as the keypad, touchscreen, and card
reader, if applicable.‍
• The location must be strong enough to support the weight of
the device and protect it from excessive vibration or shock.‍
• To avoid interference with a magnetic compass, the device
should not be installed closer to a compass than the
compass-safe distance value listed in the product
specifications.‍
• The location must allow room for the routing and connection
of all cables.‍
Bail Mounting a Five-Inch Device
NOTICE
If you are mounting the bracket on fiberglass with screws, it is
recommended to use a countersink bit to drill a clearance
counterbore through only the top gel-coat layer.‍ This will help to
avoid any cracking in the gel-coat layer when the screws are
tightened.‍
Stainless-steel screws may bind when screwed into fiberglass
and overtightened.‍ Garmin recommends applying an anti-seize
lubricant to the screws before installing them.‍
You can use the included bracket to bail mount the device on a
flat surface.‍ The five-inch models have the option of installing a
swivel at the base of the bail-mount bracket (Bail Mounting a
Five-Inch Device with a Swivel Base).‍
1 Using the bail-mount bracket À as a template, mark the pilot
holes Á.‍
Tools Needed
•
•
•
•
•
Drill and drill bits
#2 Phillips screwdriver
Jigsaw or rotary tool
File and sandpaper
Marine sealant (optional)
Mounting Considerations
NOTICE
This device should be mounted in a location that is not exposed
to extreme temperatures or conditions.‍ The temperature range
for this device is listed in the product specifications.‍ Extended
exposure to temperatures exceeding the specified temperature
range, in storage or operating conditions, may cause device
failure.‍ Extreme-temperature-induced damage and related
consequences are not covered by the warranty.‍
Using the included hardware and template, you can mount the
device using one of two methods.‍ You can use the included
bracket and hardware to bail mount the device, or you can use
the included template and hardware to flush mount the device in
October 2014
2 Using a 1/8in.‍ (3 mm) drill bit, drill the pilot holes.‍
3 Using the included screws Â, secure the bail-mount bracket
to the mounting surface.‍
4 Install the bail-mount knobs à on the sides of the device.‍
5 Place the device in the bail-mount bracket and tighten the
bail-mount knobs.‍
Printed in Taiwan
190-01556-02_0C
Bail Mounting a Five-Inch Device with a Swivel Base
Bail Mounting a Seven-Inch Device
NOTICE
Only pan-head machine bolts or self-tapping screws should be
used to secure the swivel base.‍ If you use screws with
countersunk heads, you may damage the mounting bracket.‍
NOTICE
If you are mounting the bracket on fiberglass with screws, it is
recommended to use a countersink bit to drill a clearance
counterbore through only the top gel-coat layer.‍ This will help to
avoid any cracking in the gel-coat layer when the screws are
tightened.‍
Stainless-steel screws may bind when screwed into fiberglass
and overtightened.‍ Garmin recommends applying an anti-seize
lubricant to the screws before installing them.‍
The five-inch devices have the option of adding a swivel to the
bail mount.‍ The swivel base allows for the routing of cables
through the mounting surface (optional).‍
1 Using the swivel base as a template À, mark three pilot
holes Á.‍
You can use the included bracket to bail mount the device on a
flat surface.‍ The bail-mount bracket for the seven-inch devices
allows for the routing of cables through the mounting surface
(optional).‍
1 Select the mounting hardware appropriate for your mounting
surface and for the bail-mount bracket.‍
2 Using the bail-mount bracket À as a template, mark the pilot
holes Á.‍
2 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
mark the location directly in the middle of the three pilot holes
(optional).‍
3 Using a 1/8 in.‍ (3 mm) drill bit, drill the three pilot holes.‍
4 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
drill a 1 in.‍ (25.‍4 mm) hole in the middle of the three pilot
holes (optional).‍
5 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
route them through the hole you drilled in step 5, and extend
enough slack so that the connectors will reach the device
after it is mounted (optional).‍
6 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
route them through the holes  in the back of the swivelmount bracket (optional).‍
7 Using the included screws Ã, secure the swivel base to the
mounting surface.‍
8 Place the bail-mount bracket Ä on the swivel base, and
secure it using the swivel-mount knob Å.‍
9 Install the bail-mount knobs Æ on the sides of the device.‍
10 Place the device in the bail mount bracket and tighten the
bail-mount knobs.‍
11 If you routed the cables through the mounting surface, apply
marine sealant over the holes in the back of the swivel mount
bracket (optional).‍
3 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
mark a location in the middle of the four pilot holes (optional).‍
4 Using a drill bit appropriate for the mounting hardware, drill
the four pilot holes.‍
5 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
drill a 1¼ in.‍ (32 mm) hole in the middle of the four pilot holes
(optional).‍
6 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
route them through the hole you drilled in step 5, and extend
enough slack so that the connectors will reach the device
after it is mounted (optional).‍
7 If you are routing the cables through the mounting surface,
route them through the holes in the back of the bail-mount
bracket (optional).‍
8 Using the selected mounting hardware Â, secure the bailmount bracket to the mounting surface.‍
9 Install the bail-mount knobs à on the sides of the device.‍
10 Place the device in the bail-mount bracket and tighten the
bail-mount knobs.‍
If
11 you routed the cables through the mounting surface, apply
marine sealant over the holes in the back of the swivel mount
bracket (optional).‍
Flush Mounting the Device
NOTICE
Be careful when cutting the hole to flush mount the device.‍
There is only a small amount of clearance between the case
2
and the mounting holes, and cutting the hole too large could
compromise the stability of the device after it is mounted.‍
The included template and hardware can be used to mount the
device in your dashboard.‍
If you want to mount the device using an alternative method
where it appears flat with the front of the dashboard, you must
purchase a flat-mount kit (sold separately, with professional
installation recommended) from your Garmin dealer.‍
1 Trim the template and make sure it fits in the location where
you want to mount the device.‍
2 Remove the protective liner from the back of the template
and adhere it to the location where you want to mount the
device.‍
3 Using a 3/8 in.‍ (9.‍5 mm) drill bit, drill one or more of the holes
inside the corners of the solid line on the template to prepare
the mounting surface for cutting.‍
4 Using a jigsaw, cut the mounting surface along the inside of
the solid line indicated on the template.‍
5 Place the device in the cutout to test the fit.‍
6 If necessary, use a file and sandpaper to refine the size of
the cutout.‍
7 After the device fits correctly in the cutout, ensure the
mounting holes on the device line up with the pilot holes on
the template.‍
8 If the mounting holes on the device do not line up, mark the
new pilot-hole locations.‍
9 Using a 1/8 in.‍ (3.‍2 mm) drill bit, drill the pilot holes.‍
10 Remove the template from the mounting surface.‍
11 If you will not have access to the back of the device after you
mount it, connect all necessary cables to the device before
placing it into the cutout.‍
NOTE: To prevent corrosion of the metal contacts, cover
unused connectors with the attached weather caps.‍
12 Install the rubber gasket À on the back of the device.‍
The pieces of the rubber gasket have adhesive on the back.‍
Make sure you remove the protective liner before installing
them on the device.‍
• After connecting a locking ring to the wiring harness, you
should make sure the ring is securely connected and the oring is in place so the connection remains secure.‍
• The device has two internal NMEA 0183 ports that are used
to connect to NMEA 0183 compliant devices.‍ When
connecting to a device for both transmitting and receiving,
you must make sure to use wires from the same internal
NMEA 0183 port.‍
• If it is necessary to extend the power and ground wires, you
must use 16 AWG (1.‍31 mm²) wire.‍
• If it is necessary to extend the NMEA 0183 or alarm wires,
you must use 22 AWG (.‍33 mm²) wire.‍
Item
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
Wire Color
Wire Function
Red
Power
Black
Ground (power and NMEA 0183)
Blue
NMEA 0183 internal port 1 Tx (out)
Brown
NMEA 0183 internal port 1 Rx (in)
Gray
NMEA 0183 internal port 2 Tx (out)
Violet
NMEA 0183 internal port 2 Rx (in)
Orange
Accessory on
Yellow
Alarm low
Connecting the Wiring Harness to Power
WARNING
When connecting the power cable, do not remove the in-line
fuse holder.‍ To prevent the possibility of injury or product
damage caused by fire or overheating, the appropriate fuse
must be in place as indicated in the product specifications.‍ In
addition, connecting the power cable without the appropriate
fuse in place will void the product warranty.‍
1 Route the wiring harness to the power source and to the
device.‍
2 Connect the red wire to the positive (+) battery terminal, and
connect the black wire to the negative (-) battery terminal.‍
3 Install the locking ring and o-ring on the end of the wiring
harness.‍
4 Connect the wiring harness to the device by turning the
locking ring clockwise.‍
NMEA 0183 Connection Considerations
13 Place the device into the cutout.‍
14 Secure the device to the mounting surface using the included
screws Á.‍
15 Install the decorative bezel by snapping it in place around the
edges of the device.‍
About the Wiring Harness
• The wiring harness connects the device to power, NMEA®
0183 devices, and a lamp or a horn for visible or audible
alerts.‍
• The wiring harness is packaged without the locking ring
installed.‍ You should route the cable before you install the
locking ring.‍
• The installation instructions provided with your NMEA 0183
compatible device should contain the information you need to
identify the transmitting (Tx) and receiving (Rx) A (+) and B
(-) wires.‍ Each port may have one or two transmitting wires,
or one or two receiving wires.‍
• When connecting NMEA 0183 devices to ports containing
two transmitting (Tx) wires or two receiving (Rx) wires each,
it is not necessary for the NMEA 0183 device to connect to a
common ground.‍
• When connecting a NMEA 0183 device to ports containing
one transmitting (Tx) wire or one receiving (Rx) wire each,
the NMEA 0183 device must be connected to a common
ground.‍
3
NMEA 0183 Connection Diagram
+
Item
-
Description
12 Vdc power source
À
Á
Â
Wiring harness
NMEA 0183 compliant device
Item Garmin Wire
Function
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
NMEA 2000 compatible models can connect to a NMEA 2000
network on your boat to share data from NMEA 2000 compatible
devices such as a VHF radio.‍ The necessary NMEA 2000
cables and connectors are sold separately.‍
If you are unfamiliar with NMEA 2000, you should read the
“NMEA 2000 Network Fundamentals” chapter of the Technical
Reference for NMEA 2000 Products.‍ To download this
document, select Manuals on the product page for your device
at www.garmin.com.‍
The port labeled NMEA 2000 on the back of the device is used
to connect it to a standard NMEA 2000 network.‍
Garmin Wire
Color
NMEA 0183 Device Wire
Function
Power
Red
Power
Ground
Black
Data ground
Tx/Rx
Tx/Rx/B (-)
Tx
Blue
Rx/A (+)
Rx
Brown
Tx/A (+)
Lamp or Horn Connections
The device can be used with a lamp, a horn, or both, to sound
or flash an alert when the chartplotter displays a message.‍ This
is optional, and the alarm wire is not necessary for the device to
function normally.‍ When connecting the device to a lamp or
horn, observe these considerations.‍
• The alarm circuit switches to a low-voltage state when the
alarm sounds.‍
• The maximum current is 100 mA, and a relay is needed to
limit the current from the chartplotter to 100 mA.‍
• To manually toggle visual and audible alerts, you can install
single-pole, single-throw switches.‍
Item
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
Description
NMEA 2000 compatible Garmin device
NMEA 2000 drop cable
NMEA 2000 power cable
Ignition or in-line switch
12 Vdc power source
NMEA 2000 terminator or backbone cable
NMEA 2000 T-connector
NMEA 2000 terminator or backbone cable
Connecting the Device to a Transducer
Devices that can receive depth information from a Garmin
transducer have a port labeled SONAR.‍ Go to www.garmin.com
or contact your local Garmin dealer to determine the appropriate
type of transducer for your needs.‍
1 Follow the instructions provided with your transducer to
install it on your boat correctly.‍
2 Route the transducer cable to the back of your device, away
from sources of electrical interference.‍
3 Connect the transducer cable to the SONAR port on your
device.‍
Item Description
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Item
Ê
Ë
Ì
Power source
Power cable
Horn
Lamp
Relay (100 mA coil current)
Toggle switches to enable and disable lamp or horn alerts
Wire Color
Wire Function
Red
Power
Black
Ground
Yellow
Alarm
NMEA 2000® Considerations
NOTICE
If you have an existing NMEA 2000 network on your boat, it
should already be connected to power.‍ Do not connect the
NMEA 2000 power cable to an existing NMEA 2000 network,
because only one power source should be connected to a
NMEA 2000 network.‍
If you are installing a NMEA 2000 power cable, you must
connect it to the boat ignition switch or through another in-line
switch.‍ NMEA 2000 devices will drain your battery if the NMEA
2000 power cable is connected to the battery directly.‍
4
Connecting the Device to a Remote GPS
Antenna
This device has an internal GPS receiver, but some
installations, such as a flush-mount installation, may not allow a
view of the sky needed to calculate your GPS position.‍ In this
situation, you can install a Garmin external GPS antenna and
connect it to the device to provide GPS information.‍
Devices that can receive information from a Garmin external
GPS antenna have a port labeled EXT GPS.‍
1 Follow the instruction provided with your Garmin external
GPS antenna to install it on your boat correctly.‍
2 Route the antenna cable to the back of your device, away
from sources of electrical interference.‍
3 Connect the antenna cable to the EXT GPS port on your
device.‍
Connecting the Device to a Garmin Marine
Radar
Only radar-compatible devices are capable of receiving
information from a Garmin Marine Radar.‍ Radar-compatible
devices have a port labeled RADAR.‍ Go to www.garmin.com or
contact your local Garmin dealer to determine the appropriate
type of radar for your needs.‍
1 Follow the instructions provided with your radar to correctly
install it on your boat.‍
2 Route the Garmin Marine Network cable from the radar to the
back of your device, away from sources of electrical
interference.‍
3 Connect the Garmin Marine Network cable to the RADAR
port on your device.‍
Additional Grounding Consideration
This consideration is applicable only to seven-inch devices.‍
This device should not need additional chassis grounding in
most installation situations.‍ If you experience interference, the
grounding screw on the housing can be used to connect the
device to the water ground of the boat to help avoid the
interference.‍
Device
Specification
Measurement
Seven-inch
models
Dimensions
(W×H×D)
91/16 × 55/8 × 29/32in.‍(230 × 143 ×
58 mm)
Display size (W×H) 61/64 in.‍ × 311/32 in.‍ (153 × 85 mm)
Weight
All models
2.‍31 lbs (1.‍048 kg)
Temperature range From 5° to 131°F (from -15° to
55°C)
Material
Polycarbonate plastic
Electrical Specifications
Device
Specification
Measurement
All models
Input power
10–32 Vdc
Fuse
3 A, fast-acting
NMEA 2000 LEN
2
NMEA 2000 Draw
100 mA max.‍
Max.‍ power usage at 10 Vdc
27 W
Five-inch models
Typical current draw at 12 Vdc 450 mA
Max current draw at 12 Vdc
2.‍7 A
Compass-safe distance
450 mm (17.‍72 in.‍)
Seven-inch models Max.‍ power usage at 10 Vdc
27 W
Typical current draw at 12 Vdc 1.‍3 A
Max current draw at 12 Vdc
2.‍3 A
Compass-safe distance
600 mm (23.‍62 in.‍)
NMEA 2000 PGN Information
Type
PGN
Description
Transmit and receive 059392 ISO acknowledgment
059904 ISO request
060928 ISO address claim
126208 NMEA: Command, request, and
acknowledge group function
126996 Product information
127250 Vessel heading
Updating the Device Software
128259 Speed: Water referenced
Before you can update the software, you must obtain a
software-update memory card or load the latest software onto a
memory card.‍
1 Turn on the chartplotter.‍
2 After the home screen appears, insert the memory card into
the card slot.‍
NOTE: In order for the software update instructions to
appear, the device must be fully booted before the card is
inserted.‍
3 Follow the on-screen instructions.‍
4 Wait several minutes while the software update process
completes.‍
The device returns to normal operation after the software
update process is complete.‍
5 Remove the memory card.‍
NOTE: If the memory card is removed before the device
restarts fully, the software update is not complete.‍
128267 Water depth
Specifications
129539 GNSS DOPs
129799 Radio frequency, mode, and power
130306 Wind data
130312 Temperature
Transmit
126464 Transmit and receive PGN list group
function
127258 Magnetic Variance
129025 Position: Rapid update
129026 COG and SOG: Rapid update
129029 GNSS position data
129283 Cross track error
129284 Navigation data
129285 Navigation route and waypoint info
129540 GNSS satellites in view
Receive
127245 Rudder
127250 Vessel heading
127488 Engine parameters: Rapid update
127489 Engine parameters: Dynamic
Physical Specifications
127493 Transmission parameters: Dynamic
Device
Specification
Measurement
127498 Engine parameters: Static
Five-inch
models
Dimensions
(W×H×D)
67/64 × 515/16 × 213/32in.‍ (155 ×
151 × 61 mm)
127505 Fluid level
Display size (W×H) 229/32 in.‍ × 4 in.‍ (74 × 101.‍6 mm)
Weight
1.‍72 lbs (779 g)
129038 AIS class A position report
129039 AIS class B position report
129040 AIS class B extended position report
5
Type
PGN
Description
Type
Sentence
Description
129794 AIS class A static and voyage related
data
DSE
Expanded digital selective calling
129798 AIS SAR aircraft position report
HDG
Heading, deviation, and variation
HDM
Heading, magnetic
MWD
Wind direction and speed
MDA
Meteorological composite
MWV
Wind speed and angle
VDM
AIS VHF data-link message
129802 AIS safety-related broadcast message
129808 DSC call information
130310 Environmental parameters
130311 Environmental parameters (obsolete)
130313 Humidity
130314 Actual pressure
130576 Small craft status
You can purchase complete information about National Marine
Electronics Association (NMEA) format and sentences from: NMEA,
Seven Riggs Avenue, Severna Park, MD 21146 USA (www.nmea.org)
This data applies only to NMEA 2000-compatible products.‍
NMEA 0183 Information
Type
Sentence
Description
Transmit
GPAPB
APB: Heading or track controller
(autopilot) sentence "B"
GPBOD
BOD: Bearing (origin to
destination)
GPBWC
BWC: Bearing and distance to
waypoint
GPGGA
GGA: Global positioning system
fix data
GPGLL
GLL: Geographic position
(latitude and longitude)
GPGSA
GSA: GNSS DOP and active
satellites
GPGSV
GSV: GNSS satellites in view
GPRMB
RMB: Recommended minimum
navigation information
GPRMC
RMC: Recommended minimum
specific GNSS data
GPRTE
RTE: Routes
GPVTG
VTG: Course over ground and
ground speed
GPWPL
WPL: Waypoint location
GPXTE
XTE: Cross track error
PGRME
E: Estimated error
PGRMM
M: Map datum
PGRMZ
Z: Altitude
SDDBT
DBT: Depth below transducer
SDDPT
DPT: Depth
SDMTW
MTW: Water temperature
SDVHW
VHW: Water speed and heading
DPT
Depth
DBT
Depth below transducer
MTW
Water temperature
VHW
Water speed and heading
WPL
Waypoint location
DSC
Digital selective calling
information
Receive
Garmin®, the Garmin logo, and GPSMAP® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, registered in the USA and other countries. echoMAP™ is a trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These
trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
NMEA®, NMEA 2000®, and the NMEA 2000 logo are registered trademarks of the National Marine Electronics Association.
TA-2013/590
© 2013–2014 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
www.garmin.com/support
TA-2013/326
TA-2013/324