9101441900
Professional Digital DJ Mixer
OWNER’S MANUAL
Ü
ÿ
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CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
REMOVE COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS
INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert
the user to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure
that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature
accompanying the appliance.
This appliance has a serial number
located on the bottom. Please record
the model number and serial number
and retain them for your records.
Model number
Serial number
WARNING: TO PREVENT FIRE OR SHOCK
HAZARD, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS
APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
Important Safety Precautions
IMPORTANT (for U.K. Customers)
For U.S.A
TO THE USER
DO NOT cut off the mains plug from this equipment.
If the plug fitted is not suitable for the power points in your home or
the cable is too short to reach a power point, then obtain an
appropriate safety approved extension lead or consult your dealer.
If nonetheless the mains plug is cut off, remove the fuse and dispose
of the plug immediately, to avoid a possible shock hazard by
inadvertent connection to the mains supply.
If this product is not provided with a mains plug, or one has to be
fitted, then follow the instructions given below:
IMPORTANT: DO NOT make any connection to the larger
terminal which is marked by the letter E or by the safety earth
symbol ç or coloured GREEN or GREEN-and-YELLOW.
The wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance with the
following code:
BLUE
BROWN
: NEUTRAL
: LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may
not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals
in your plug proceed as follows:
This equipment has been tested and found to
comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if
not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residental area
is likely to cause harmful interference in which
case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
CAUTION
Changes or modifications to this equipment not
expressly approved by TEAC CORPORATION
for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate this equipment.
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the
terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED.
When replacing the fuse only a correctly rated approved type should
be used and be sure to re-fit the fuse cover.
For the consumers in Europe
WARNING
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this
product may cause radio interference in which case the user
may be required to take adequate measures.
IF IN DOUBT — CONSULT A COMPETENT ELECTRICIAN.
Pour les utilisateurs en Europe
AVERTISSEMENT
Il s’agit d’un produit de Classe A. Dans un environnement
domestique, cet appareil peut provoquer des interférences
radio, dans ce cas l’utilisateur peut être amené à prendre
des mesures appropriées.
Für Kunden in Europa
Warnung
Dies is eine Einrichtung, welche die Funk-Entstörung nach
Klasse A besitzt. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich
Funkstörungen versursachen ; in diesem Fall kann vom
Betrieber verlang werden, angemessene Maßnahmen
durchzuführen und dafür aufzukommen.
The equipment draws nominal non-operating power from the
AC outlet with its POWER switch in the off position.
2
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION:
… Read all of these Instructions.
… Save these Instructions for later use.
… Follow all Warnings and Instructions marked on the audio
equipment.
1) Read Instructions — All the safety and operating instructions should
be read before the product is operated.
2) Retain Instructions — The safety and operating instructions should
be retained for future reference.
3) Heed Warnings — All warnings on the product and in the operating
instructions should be adhered to.
4) Follow Instructions — All operating and use instructions should be
followed.
5) Cleaning — Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning.
Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for cleaning.
6) Attachments — Do not use attachments not recommended by the
product manufacturer as they may cause hazards.
7) Water and Moisture — Do not use this product near water — for
example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink, or laundry tub; in a wet
basement; or near a swimming pool; and the like.
8) Accessories — Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand,
tripod, bracket, or table. The product may fall, causing serious injury to a
child or adult, and serious damage to the product. Use only with a cart,
stand, tripod, bracket, or table recommended by the manufacturer, or sold
with the product. Any mounting of the product should follow the manufacturer’s instructions, and should use a mounting accessory recommended by
the manufacturer.
9) A product and cart combination should be moved with care. Quick stops,
excessive force, and uneven surfaces may cause the product and cart combination to overturn.
10) Ventilation — Slots and openings in the cabinet are provided for ventilation and to ensure reliable operation of the product and to protect it from
overheating, and these openings must not be blocked or covered. The openings should never be blocked by placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or
other similar surface. This product should not be placed in a built-in installation such as a bookcase or rack unless proper ventilation is provided or
the manufacturer’s instructions have been adhered to.
11) Power Sources — This product should be operated only from the
type of power source indicated on the marking label. If you are not sure of
the type of power supply to your home, consult your product dealer or local
power company. For products intended to operate from battery power, or
other sources, refer to the operating instructions.
12) Grounding or Polarization — This product may be equipped with a
polarized alternating-current line plug (a plug having one blade wider than
the other). This plug will fit into the power outlet only one way. This is a
safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug fully into the outlet, try
reversing the plug. If the plug should still fail to fit, contact your electrician
to replace your obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the
polarized plug.
13) Power-Cord Protection — Power-supply cords should be routed so
that they are not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed upon or
against them, paying particular attention to cords at plugs, convenience
receptacles, and the point where they exit from the product.
14) Outdoor Antenna Grounding — If an outside antenna or cable
system is connected to the product, be sure the antenna or cable system is
grounded so as to provide some protection against voltage surges and builtup static charges. Article 810 of the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA
70, provides information with regard to proper grounding of the mast and
supporting structure, grounding of the lead-in wire to an antenna discharge
unit, size of grounding conductors, location of antenna-discharge unit, connection to grounding electrodes, and requirements for the grounding electrode.
"Note to CATV system installer:
This reminder is provided to call the CATV system installer’s attention to
Section 820-40 of the NEC which provides guidelines for proper grounding
and, in particular, specifies that the cable ground shall be connected to the
grounding system of the building, as close to the point of cable entry as
practical.
Example of Antenna Grounding as per
National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70
ANTENNA
LEAD IN
WIRE
GROUND
CLAMP
ANTENNA
DISCHARGE UNIT
(NEC SECTION 810-20)
ELECTRIC
SERVICE
EQUIPMENT
GROUNDING CONDUCTORS
(NEC SECTION 810-21)
GROUND CLAMPS
POWER SERVICE GROUNDING
ELECTRODE SYSTEM
(NEC ART 250. PART H)
NEC - NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
15) Lightning — For added protection for this product during a lightning
storm, or when it is left unattended and unused for long periods of time,
unplug it from the wall outlet and disconnect the antenna or cable system.
This will prevent damage to the product due to lightning and power-line
surges.
16) Power Lines — An outside antenna system should not be located in
the vicinity of overhead power lines or other electric light or power circuits,
or where it can fall into such power lines or circuits. When installing an
outside antenna system, extreme care should be taken to keep from touching such power lines or circuits as contact with them might be fatal.
17) Overloading — Do not overload wall outlets, extension cords, or
integral convenience receptacles as this can result in risk of fire or electric
shock.
18) Object and Liquid Entry — Never push objects of any kind into
this product through openings as they may touch dangerous voltage points
or short-out parts that could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill
liquid of any kind on the product.
19) Servicing — Do not attempt to service this product yourself as opening or removing covers may expose you to dangerous voltage or other
hazards. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
20) Damage Requiring Service — Unplug this product from the wall
outlet and refer servicing to qualified service personnel under the following
conditions:
a) when the power-supply cord or plug is damaged.
b) if liquid has been spilled, or objects have fallen into the product.
c) if the product has been exposed to rain or water.
d) if the product does not operate normally by following the operating
instructions. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the operating
instructions as an improper adjustment of other controls may result in
damage and will often require extensive work by a qualified technician to
restore the product to its normal operation.
e) if the product has been dropped or damaged in any way.
f ) when the product exhibits a distinct change in performance – this
indicates a need for service.
21) Replacement Parts — When replacement parts are required, be sure
the service technician has used replacement parts specified by the manufacturer or have the same characteristics as the original part.
Unauthorized substitutions may result in fire, electric shock, or other
hazards.
22) Safety Check — Upon completion of any service or repairs to this
product, ask the service technician to perform safety checks to determine
that the product is in proper operating condition.
23) Wall or Ceiling Mounting — The product should be mounted to a
wall or ceiling only as recommended by the manufacturer.
24) Heat — The product should be situated away from heat sources such
as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other products (including amplifiers)
that produce heat.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual 3
Table of Contents
1 – Introduction
Some notes and precautions ...................... 5
Environmental considerations ............................... 5
Connections to other equipment ........................... 5
Serial number, etc. ....................................... 5
2 – Getting acquainted with the X-9
Road map to front panel functions ............ 6
Program gain level, EQ and assignment section .. 6
Sampler section ....................................................... 7
Microphone control ................................................ 7
Cue selection keys and monitor keys .................... 7
Master fader ............................................................ 8
Program faders ........................................................ 8
External effect ......................................................... 8
Cross-fader and fader controls ............................... 9
Effect, menu, etc. management ............................. 9
3 – Connections
Record turntables .................................................. 10
CD decks, etc. ......................................................... 10
Digital connections ............................................... 10
Amplifier system ................................................... 10
Booth outputs ....................................................... 11
Microphone (connection and use) ....................... 11
External effects unit .............................................. 12
Headphones (connecting and using) ................... 12
Fader start/stop connections ................................ 12
Footswitches .......................................................... 12
External effects ..................................................... 13
4 – Learning more
About programs ........................................ 14
Assigning sources to programs ............................ 14
Trim .................................................................... 14
Cross-fading ............................................... 14
Signal flow ............................................................. 15
Playing a song ............................................ 16
Adjusting the output volume ................... 16
Cue (previewing sounds) .......................... 16
5 – Menus
How the X-9 shows characters ..................17
Menu reference ..........................................17
6 – Faders
Program fader “curve” ...............................21
Program fader direction ............................21
Fader start ...................................................21
Cross-fader curve .......................................22
Cross-fader start .........................................22
Cross-fader reverse ....................................22
7 – Effects
Selecting the effect type .......................................23
Editing the effects .................................................23
The BEAT parameter ..............................................23
Effect parameters ..................................................24
Storing effects .......................................................24
Recalling stored effect settings ............................25
8 – Samplers
Recording a sample ....................................26
Playing back samples .................................26
Editing samples ..........................................27
Erasing samples ..........................................27
Sample pitch ...............................................27
9 – EQ
EQ Q setting ...........................................................28
Cutting the EQ bands ............................................28
Viewing EQ settings ..............................................28
Remembering and recalling EQ settings ..............29
10 – Specifications, etc.
I/O specifications ........................................30
Audio I/O ................................................................30
Control I/O .............................................................30
Audio specifications ...................................31
General specifications ...........................................31
Dimensional drawing .................................32
Mounting the X-9 in a rack ........................33
Case mounting .......................................................33
Block diagram .............................................34
4 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
1 – Introduction
The X-9 is a sophisticated DJ mixer which allows the
connection of many devices, and allows you to mix
in a creative way, adding effects, taking samples, etc.
and crossfading between sources.
Following the standard design pattern for such a
device, the X-9 combines easy operation with a wide
range of functions.
Smooth faders, easy-to-use controls and clear indicators displays allow you to concentrate on the music,
not the operation of the unit.
Some notes and precautions
Treat the X-9 as you would any other piece of precision equipment.
Keep the unit away from strong magnetic fields (TV
sets, computer monitors, large electric motors, etc.).
Avoid exposing it to extremes of temperature and
humidity and avoid mechanical shocks and vibration.
Environmental considerations
The X-9 may be used in most areas, but to maintain
top performance, and prolong operating life, observe
the following environmental conditions:
You should not place the unit on a piece of equipment generating heat, e.g. an amplifier, to avoid possible problems with overheating.
The nominal temperature should be between 5°C and
35°C (41°F and 95°F).
The voltage supplied to the unit should match the
voltage as printed on the rear panel. If you are in any
doubt regarding this matter, consult an electrician.
Relative humidity should be 30 to 90 degrees noncondensing.
As the unit may become hot during operation, always
leave sufficient space above and around the unit for
ventilation. If you are mounting the unit in a rack,
leave 1U of space above it.
NOTE
When transporting the unit, always use the original
packing materials or a properly-designed equipment
case. For this reason, we strongly recommend that you
save all the packing materials that came with the X-9, in
case you need to transport it in the future.
Do not install this equipment in a confined space
such as a bookcase or similar unit.
Connections to other equipment
It is extremely important that the power is turned off
on all units when making or breaking connections to
or from the X-9.
When turning power on, it is usually a good idea to
start with the source (turntables, CD players, etc.),
then the X-9 and finish with the amplifier system.
Turning power off should be done in the other direction (amplifiers first, then other equipment).
Serial number, etc.
The serial number of the X-9 is located on a sticker at
the front of the unit on the bottom panel. Make a note
of this for future reference (warranty, etc.).
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual 5
2 – Getting acquainted with the X-9
Road map to front panel functions
Program level,
EQ and
assignment
section
Effect, menu, etc.
management
Microphone control
Sampler
section
Cue selection keys
and monitoring
controls
Cross-fader
and cross-fader
controls
External
effect
Program faders Master fader
These different sections of the X-9 are described
more fully in other parts of the manual, but this section gives you a quick orientation to help you find
your way around the mixer.
See “Connections” on page 10 for details of the rear
panel features and how to make connections between
the X-9 and other equipment.
Program gain level, EQ and assignment section
This section provides the basic mixing facilities to
control the sound received at the inputs, and assigned
to the programs.
6 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
See “About programs” on page 14 for details of how
inputs and programs work together and how to use
these controls.
2 Getting acquainted with the X-9
Sampler section
The sampler section provides
the controls for two built-in
samplers.
These are capable of accepting
the input from a variety of
sources (program, microphone
or master mix), and recording
eight seconds of sound (for each
sampler).
Samplers can be assigned to the cross-fader signals,
and the cross-fader can be used to start them.
See “Samplers” on page 26 for full details of how to
operate these samplers.
You can then play the resulting
sample from the X-9, cue it, etc.
and add it to the overall mix.
Microphone control
This section provides control over the
microphone.
A talkover function, as well as 2-band
EQ, is provided in this section for use
with the microphone.
See “Microphone (connection and
use)” on page 11 for full details of how
to use the microphone with the X-9.
Cue selection keys and monitor keys
These keys allow the selection of the programs,
microphone, sampler, etc. for cueing and preview.
The headphones are used for this purpose, and the
booth outputs may be used to provide a second set of
stereo outputs.
See “Headphones (connecting and using)” on
page 12 and “Cue (previewing sounds)” on page 16
for details.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
7
2 Getting acquainted with the X-9
Master fader
The master fader is used to control
the overall level of the mixed signal
output from the X-9.
See “Signal flow” on page 15 for
details of how this works in conjunction with the input, etc., signals in
the X-9.
Program faders
These faders adjust the levels of the programs after
they have been equalized and before they are sent to
either the cross-fader or to the master fader.
The fader curve and fader direction can also be set,
and fader program start can be carried out.
See “About programs” on page 14 for details of how
programs and signals interact.
See “Faders” on page 21 for further details about
fader settings.
External effect
These controls affect the assignment
and the on/off status of any external
effect connected to the X-9.
8 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
See “External effects” on page 13 for details of how
to connect and use an external effect processor with
the X-9.
2 Getting acquainted with the X-9
Cross-fader and fader controls
These take care of the A and B outputs which are
assigned to the cross-fader using the ASSIGN controls, and then passed to the master stereo output.
It is possible to set the cross-fader curve, reversal,
and allow source starting with the cross-fader.
See “Cross-fading” on page 14 for details of how
the cross-fader fits into the signal chain.
See “Faders” on page 21 for details of cross-fader
settings.
Effect, menu, etc. management
This section handles the effects, the parameter menus
and the equalization memories of the X-9.
See “EQ” on page 28, “Effects” on page 23 and
“Menu reference” on page 17 for details.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
9
3 – Connections
This section gives a brief description of the connections you should make before starting to use the X-9.
WARNING
Make and break all connections between the X-9 and
other equipment with everything turned OFF. If you
make or break connections with the power turned on,
there is a very real risk of damaging the equipment,
including the X-9.
NOTE
All XLR connectors on the X-9 are wired so that pin
1=ground, pin 2= hot and pin 3=cold. Make sure that all
equipment connected using these connectors also conforms to this wiring standard.
Record turntables
Only connect record turntables to the PHONO connectors (1, 2, 3 or 4).
If the turntables are fitted with grounding wires, connect these to the ground terminals on the X-9.
NOTE
Note that the X-9 is supplied with eight RCA caps which
should be fitted over the PHONO terminals if they are
not being used. This will help to maintain high signal
quality.
WARNING
Never connect record turntables to any other type of
connector on the X-9.
Never connect any other type of equipment to the
PHONO connectors.
TIP
The X-9 pairs of connectors all have the left connector
at the top and the right at the bottom. Pairs of pin signal cables are typically red for the right channel and
some other color for the left channel.
We explain about connecting other equipment (CD
decks, etc.) including digital connections, below.
CD decks, etc.
Connect CD decks to the LINE connectors (1 through
4) on the rear panel. Unlike record decks, CD decks
do not need to be grounded to the X-9).
WARNING
CD decks, etc. should never be attached to the PHONO
connections.
Digital connections
The X-9 can be connected to devices which output
SPDIF digital audio through a coaxial output (many
CD players, MD players and DATs, as well as some
electronic musical instruments) and can also output a
digital audio version of the final mix (to a digital
recorder such as a DAT, or a CD recorder, or a suitably-equipped personal computer).
Amplifier system
To listen to the X-9, you will need an amplifier and
speaker system, which is connected as explained
here.
10 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
Use menu item 14dl to set whether the signal is output pre- or post- master fader (“Menu reference” on
page 17).
Use RCA pin jack cables to make connections between the digital outputs of
other equipment and the DIGITAL IN
connectors of the X-9, and digital inputs of other
equipment and the DIGITAL OUT of the X-9.
3 Connections
When connecting an amplification system to the X-9,
or
check the inputs of the
amplifier. If they look like
either of the connectors shown here, they are XLR
connectors and are probably balanced.
It is most important to make sure that you make the
correct connections. Connecting the wrong output of
the X-9 to the amplification system can result in overheating and possible damage to both the X-9 and to
the amplification system.
Check the rear panel of the amplifier, or the amplifier’s manual, to make sure. Amplifiers with balanced inputs should be fed by the MASTER OUTPUT
(BALANCED) output connectors of the X-9.
If you are in any doubt at all, we strongly suggest that
you consult your TASCAM dealer or other qualified
audio professional regarding the interconnection of
your system.
All other connectors (mono 1/4” jack or RCA pin
jacks should be fed by the (UNBALANCED) RCA pin
outputs.
Use the trimmer potentiometers (LEVEL ATT) to
adjust the output level to the amplification systems.
Again, you may find it useful to consult the amplification system documentation and/or consult a professional sound engineer.
The level of the output
from the unbalanced
outputs can be set
using the PRE/POST
switch to be affected
by the master fader
(POST) or unaffected
by it (PRE).
WARNING
Booth outputs
The booth outputs provide you with a second mix where the level is not controlled
by the master fader, but by the BOOTH
LEVEL volume control.
Connect the unbalanced BOOTH
OUTPUT RCA jacks to the unbalanced
inputs of the booth amplification system.
Microphone (connection and use)
To input your voice through the X-9 system, you need to connect a microphone
to the system. The X-9 provides an XLR
connector for connecting a standard
(dynamic) microphone.
Use the menu system (18bm) to change the left-right
balance of the microphone signal.
Connect your favorite microphone to
this connector.
The microphone signal can be cued (see “Cue (previewing sounds)” on page 16) in the same way as
program signals, using the CUE key (lights when
active).
Use the TALK OVER key to “dim” all
the signals except the microphone by
20 dB (the key lights when active).
You can also select the microphone signal to be
passed through the internal or external effects, as
well as being used as a source for sampler 1.
Adjust the level of the microphone signal sent to the master fader with the
LEVEL control.
Adjust the tone of the microphone signal
with the HI (treble) and LO (bass) EQ
controls.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
11
3 Connections
External effects unit
Use the SEND and
RETURN 1/4” jacks to
connect any external
effects unit. For full
details of connection and use of an external unit, see
“External effects” on page 13
Headphones (connecting and using)
Connect a standard pair of stereo headphones to the stereo 1/4” jack on the top
or at the front of the X-9. These two
jacks output the same signals and are
controlled by the same controls.
Use the headphone PHONES
LEVEL control to adjust the volume of the signal from the headphones.
There are four EQ settings, which
can be made using the menu system (menu 01HP)—see “Menu
reference” on page 17. These settings boost either the
low or the high part of the frequency range, or both.
The fourth setting is a “normal” setting—no cut or
boost.
The balance between the cue mix (see “Cue (previewing sounds)” on page 16) and the master cue
mix in the headphones is set using the upper
PHONES control. Turn counterclockwise for cue signals (CUE) and clockwise for main master cue mix
(MST).
In addition, the headphone output can be in stereo
outputs or set so that the left headphone outputs the
cue signal (in mono, of course) and the right headphone outputs the master main signal (in mono).
Use the STEREO (the indicator is unlit)/MONO
SPLIT (indicator is lit) key to change between these
two modes.
In the MONO SPLIT mode, the cue signal is output
from the left headphone, and the master cue signal
from the right headphone. Use the CUE/MST control
to adjust the relative levels.
Fader start/stop connections
The four mono mini-jacks (3.5 mm)
are connected so that the tip feeds a
fader start, and the sleeve feeds a fader
stop.
The ground for these connections is
provided by the signal ground of the device to which
the fader start is made.
NOTE
Even if the device is connected digitally to the X-9 (such
as a CD or MD player) for the audio connection, an ana-
log connection must also be made to provide the
ground for the fader start.
Note that the fader start control refers to the program
number—see “About programs” on page 14 (not the
device number).
To activate fader start/stop for individual programs,
follow the instructions in “Fader start” on page 21.
To activate fader start/stop for the devices assigned to
the cross-fader signals, follow the instructions in
“Cross-fader start” on page 22.
Footswitches
You can connect one or two
(optional) footswitches, such as
the TASCAM RC-30P model, to
the X-9’s FOOT SW jacks.
12 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
These footswitches can be used for a variety of purposes, such as sampler control, effect on and off, etc.
Use the menu item (08Ft) (“Menu reference” on
page 17) for full details of how these switches can be
set up.
3 Connections
External effects
The X-9 can send signals to and accept return signals
from an external effects unit.
Such a unit can be connected using the SEND (to the
effects unit) and RETURN (from the effects unit)
jacks.
If the effects unit is only capable of accepting a mono
input, read the documentation supplied with the
effects unit, and make the appropriate connection to
the L effect SEND jack of the X-9.
If the effects unit is only capable of producing a
mono output, read the documentation supplied with
the effects unit, and make the appropriate connection
to the L RETURN jack of the X-9.
NOTE
The return from the external input cannot be output
from the digital output.
To use the external effects unit
Turn the EFFECT IN knob to select the
signal that will be processed by the
effects unit: a program (1 through 4), the
microphone signal (MIC) or the master
mix (MST).
Adjust the input level to the effects unit
and the output level of the signal from the effects unit
using the controls of the external unit.
Turn the effect loop on and off with the EXT
EFFECT key (it lights when the loop is active).
It is also possible to use an external effects unit
through the footswitches (see “Footswitch assignment” on page 18 for details of this menu setting
(08Ft))).
TIP
For a strange effect, you can send and return the left
channel of a program through one effects unit, and the
right channel of the same program through another
effects unit with different settings.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
13
4 – Learning more
The X-9 has four sets of inputs, as well as the two
built-in samplers and the microphone input, all of
which can be mixed and used as sound sources.
There are a number of different signals that can be
fed into the X-9: up to four turntables, and four other
analog devices, and two digital devices, not to mention the two internal samplers and the microphone.
In order to understand the X-9, it is necessary to get a
basic idea of where the signals go.
About programs
These inputs are assigned to four mixer channels
(modules), known as programs, and numbered from
1 through 4, The levels of the programs are controlled using program faders.
In addition, each program is equipped with 3-band
sweppable sweepable EQ, with variable Q, and a trim
control.
The left-right balance of each program is adjusted
using the menu system with 19b1, 20b2, 21b3 and
22b4 (see “Menu reference” on page 17).
Assigning sources to programs
Use the switches on the top panel to change between
the LINE and PHONO inputs.
In addition, there is a key beside each of these
switches, allowing you to choose different sources
for the programs:
The keys for programs 1 and 2 allow the digital
inputs to be selected as an alternative to the PHONO/
LINE pair. When the indicators for these keys are lit
(the digital is selected), the PHONO/LINE switch has
no effect.
The keys for programs 3 and 4 allow input 2 to be
selected for program 3 and/or input 1 to be selected
for program 4. The meaning of inputs 1 and 2 is
decided by the PHONO/LINE switches for 1 and 2
and by the digital selection keys.
Trim
When the inputs have been assigned,
adjust the level fed to the equalizer, and
then the fader, using the program’s TRIM
control.
This provides 38 dB of adjustment. Note that turning
this control too far clockwise with a powerful input
signal may result in a distorted signal.
Cross-fading
When the two program sources have been assigned
as shown above (“About programs” on page 14), they
14 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
can be transferred to the outputs through the crossfader and then through the master fader.
4 Learning more
The two signals that are controlled by the cross-fader
are known as A and B.
You can set these to be any of the following using the
ASSIGN A and ASSIGN B controls below and to the
right and left of the program faders:
Programs 1 through 4, a sampler (SAMP 1 for A, and
SAMP 2 for B) or THRU.
The THRU setting is equivalent
to OFF. In other words, if either
Note that this is SAMP1
for the ASSIGN A control
the ASSIGN A or the ASSIGN B control is set to
THRU, no signal is assigned to go through the crossfader on that side, and moving the cross-fader to the
side with the THRU setting has no effect on that side.
When THRU is selected, use the appropriate program
fader(s) and the master fader.
Move the fader from the left (fully A signal only) to
the right (fully B signal only) to perform the crossfade between the two signals.
Signal flow
The signal flow is therefore:
Incoming signals are
assigned to programs
Programs (and samplers)
are assigned to the
cross-fader A and B
signals
Programs (and
samplers not
assigned to the
cross-fader) go
straight to the
master, together
with the mic
The cross-fader
determines the A and B
levels sent to the master
The master outputs
(what your audience
hears)
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
15
4 Learning more
Playing a song
When you have made connections as described in
“Connections” on page 10, you can start playing a
song.
With the program fader at its lowest level (0) and the
master fader also at 0, load a CD in the player, or put
a record on the turntable connected in the earlier step
(“Record turntables” on page 10 and “CD decks,
etc.” on page 10).
Cue up the CD or record using the cue functions as
described below (use headphones to monitor the
CUE output while the CUE indicator for the program
with the record is lit).
Adjusting the output volume
Set the amplifier volume to less than full setting.
Bring the MASTER fader up to about the 7 mark, and
slowly bring adjust the program fader until the overall level is what you want.
Use the program meter to view the level of the program signal, and the stereo MASTER meters to check
the overall level of the signal fed from the X-9 outputs.
If the top segment of a meter (14 dB) is lit for most
of the time, the sound coming out of the X-9 will be
distorted. You should therefore try to keep the level
so that the red segments of the meters are not lit all
the time.
You can set the time that the meters take to fall back,
as well as the time that they hold peak values, using
the 12Mr and 13Mp menus (see “Meter release time”
on page 19 and “Meter peak hold time” on page 19).
TIP
We suggest this way of working to avoid possible overloading of the internal amplifiers, and distortion caused
by such overloading.
Cue (previewing sounds)
The X-9’s cue system allows you to preview a program through headphones before playing it back
through the main amplifier system.
Use the controls as described in
“Headphones (connecting and
using)” on page 12 to select the
cue output to the headphones.
the sampler CUE key or the MASTER cue key to listen to the cue signal for that source.
When one of these keys is active (that is, the source is
routed through the cue mix to the headphones), the
key is lit.
Remember that no monitoring of the cue signals is
possible if none of the CUE keys is lit.
Press any of the program CUE
keys, the microphone CUE key,
The programs and samplers, are monitored done prefader (that is, moving the program fader or adjusting
the sampler LEVEL controls has no effect on the
monitor signal level). On the other hand, the master
cue output is monitored post-fader (moving the master fader affects the monitoring volume).
16 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
The microphone is monitored after the LEVEL control.
Use the CUE/MST headphone control to adjust the
balance between the cue and master signals in the
headphones.
5 – Menus
The X-9 uses a menu system to allow various functions to be enabled.
3
Press ENTER to confirm that you want to use
this menu.
You should read through the menu section (“Menu
reference” on page 17) to find out exactly what is
possible—the X-9 may possibly do more than you
first thought, thanks to the menu system.
4
Turn the DATA knob to change the value for
the menu.
5
Some menus have only one setting. For these
menus, press ENTER to confirm the setting
and leave the menu system.
To use the menus:
3
1
For menus with two settings (for example,
first selecting the sampler whose settings will
be changed and then changing the setting),
press ENTER to confirm the first setting.
5
7
4
6
6
Turn the DATA knob to set the next value.
7
Press ENTER to confirm the setting and leave
the menu system.
2
1
Press the FUNCTION key.
2
Turn the DATA knob to select the menu
description (a 4-character code shown on the
display).
Typically, most menus can be performed using either
the right and left menu systems (consisting of keys,
dial and display).
The menus and the different settings you can make
are listed in “Menu reference” on page 17.
These menu controls are also used with the effects
units, as explained here (“Effects” on page 23).
How the X-9 shows characters
It’s usually fairly clear what’s being shown on the X9 display. However, you may want to refer to this
chart if you are not quite sure how things are being
shown:
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
A
B
c
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
_
+
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
_
+
Menu reference
The following table provides a list of the menu
options available on the X-9, together with the
parameters available and their meaning.
In this table, default (factory) settings are marked
with a *.
See “Menus” on page 17 for details of how to use the
menu system.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual 17
5 Menus
Function
Menu
display
Meaning
Available settings
Notes
Headphone EQ
01HP
Sets headphone EQ to
normal, high or low
boost
nOr* (no EQ)
H High boost
L Low boost
HL High and low boost
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Takes immediate effect
before being confirmed.
Program 1 fader
start
02F1
Sets fader start for program 1 on or off
OFF* Fader start disabled
On Fader start enabled
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 2 fader
start
03F2
Sets fader start for program 2 on or off
OFF* Fader start disabled
On Fader start enabled
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 3 fader
start
04F3
Sets fader start for program 3 on or off
OFF* Fader start disabled
On Fader start enabled
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 4 fader
start
05F4
Sets fader start for program 4 on or off
OFF* Fader start disabled
On Fader start enabled
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Cross-fader A start
6cFA
Sets the cross-fader to
start signal A playback
OFFFader start disabled
On* Cross-fader starts signal A
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
playback
Cross-fader B start
7cFb
Sets the cross-fader to
start signal B playback
OFF Fader start disabled
On* Cross-fader starts signal B
playback
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Footswitch
assignment
08Ft
Sets the function of the
footswitches connected
to the X-9.
EF* links to internal effects
(1=effect 1, 2=effect 2)
E links to external effects (1& 2=
external)
S1 Sampler 1 (1=in, 2=out)
S2 Sampler 2 (1=in, 2=out)
CF Crossfader (1 on, hard A
side, 1 off, current position; 2
on, hard B side, 2 off, current
position)
EQ memory store
09EM
Stores currentlyselected EQ settings to
memory.
Use the left menu system for programs 1 and 3.
Use the right menu system for programs 2 and 4.
The EQ MEMO indicator lights when 09EM is selected
When ENTER is first pressed, the lowest empty memory
bank number is shown. Use the dial to select a bank.
If the bank already contains a setting, the display shows
SURE. Press ENTER to overwrite, or any other key to
cancel.
EQ memory recall
10Er
Recalls stored EQ memory settings to current
program.
Use the left menu system for programs 1 and 3.
Use the right menu system for programs 2 and 4.
The EQ RECALL indicator lights when 10Er is selected
Use the dial to select a bank containing EQ memory (only
banks containing data are shown).
Press ENTER to recall the memory.
18 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
5 Menus
Function
Menu
display
Meaning
Available settings
Notes
Program EQ Q
values
11_E
Sets the Q value for the
EQ bands of the
selected program (see
“EQ Q setting” on
page 28)
After pressing ENTER to
select the menu, use the dial to
select the band (H=high,
M*=mid, L=low) and press
ENTER.
A low value of Q
nOr Normal value of Q
B high value of Q
Value changes as selection is
made. Press ENTER to confirm.
Use the left menu system for programs 1 and
3.
Use the right menu system for programs 2 and
4.
Meter release time
12Mr
Sets the meter release
time (see “Adjusting the
output volume” on
page 16).
nor* Normal
SLO Slow
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Meter peak hold
time
13MP
Sets the meter peak
hold time (“Adjusting the
output volume” on
page 16)
All values are in seconds
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Digital out
14dI
Sets whether the signal
from the digital output is
pre- or post master
fader
nOr* Post-fader signal
rEc Pre-fader signal
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program fader
curve
15Fc
Sets the fader curve as
described and shown in
“Program fader “curve””
on page 21.
After pressing ENTER to
select the menu, use the dial to
select the program fader to be
set (1, 2, 3 or 4) and press
ENTER.
Select from the following:
A1 –6 dB
nOr* –12 dB
A2 –24 dB
Press ENTER to confirm.
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program fader
reverse
16Fr
Sets the fader direction
to reverse as described
in “Program fader direction” on page 21.
After pressing ENTER to
select the menu, use the dial to
select the program fader to be
set (1, 2, 3 or 4) and press
ENTER.
Select:
NOr* Normal
rEV Reverse
Press ENTER to confirm.
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Sampler tempo
17St
Sets the sampler playback pitch for either
sampler 1 or sampler 2.
After pressing ENTER to
select the menu, use the dial to
select the sampler to be set
(S1*, or S2) and press
ENTER.
Use the dial to select the value
(from -100 to100) and press
ENTER to confirm.
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
When sampler data is
erased, the value is
reset to 0%.
OFF
0.5
1.0 *
2.0
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
19
5 Menus
Function
Menu
display
Meaning
Available settings
Notes
Mic balance
18bM
Balances the microphone signal
(hard left) L9 to L1, nor
(center) , r1 to r9 (hard right)
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 1 balance
19b1
Balances the program 1
signal
(hard left) L9 to L1, c0 (center) , r1 to r9 (hard right)
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 2 balance
20b2
Balances the program 2
signal
(hard left) L9 to L1, c0 (center) , r1 to r9 (hard right)
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 3 balance
21b3
Balances the program 3
signal
(hard left) L9 to L1, c0 (center) , r1 to r9 (hard right)
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Program 4 balance
22b4
Balances the program 4
signal
(hard left) L9 to L1, c0 (center) , r1 to r9 (hard right)
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Restore factory
presets
23FA
Restore all menu settings to their factory
defaults.
Press ENTER. The display
shows SURE.
Press ENTER to restore factory defaults.
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Clear all EQ
memories
24AC
Clears all EQ memories
Press ENTER. The display
shows SURE.
Press ENTER to clear the
memories.
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
Clear all effect
memories
25Ec
Clears all effect memories
Press ENTER. The display
shows SURE.
Press ENTER to clear the
effect memories.
Can be performed on
both left and right menu
systems.
20 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
6 – Faders
The X-9 faders are not all that they appear at first
sight! Their behavior can be changed so that their
“curve” can fit your way of working, so that they can
be pulled or pushed to increase the level, and they
can also start and stop other devices connected to the
X-9. See below for details.
Program fader “curve”
The fader “curve” decides how much the signal is cut
then the fader is moved to the center position away
from the “full on” position.
Fader at full
-6 dB
The program faders can be set individually (they do
not all have to share the same setting).
The titles in this illustration refer to the explanation
regarding setting as given in “Program fader curve”
on page 19 (15Fc).
-12 dB
Volume
-24 dB
A1
nOr
A2
Program fader direction
As shipped, the faders on the X-9 work so that when
you push them away from you, the level of the signal
increases. When the faders are pulled towards you,
the level decreases.
Some people prefer to work the other way round, so
that pulling the faders towards you increases the volume. Each program fader can be set individually to
work the way you prefer. See “Program fader
reverse” on page 19 (16Fr) for details.
Alternatively, you can set fader reverse in the following way:
1
Press and hold down a FUNCTION key and
the matching ENTER key together.
2
Press the CUE key of the program to toggle
the fader direction, while holding down the
two keys above. The CUE key lights when the
fader is reversed.
NOTE
When the fader direction is reversed in this way, the
fader start operation (see “Program fader direction” on
page 21) is also reversed.
Fader start
The program faders can be used for automated start
or stop of remote devices, using the fader start/stop
jacks (see “Program faders” on page 8 for details of
connections, etc.).
Whether the faders control the start/stop of the
remote device is a menu setting, and you can enable
or disable the fader start for each fader individually.
1
Press and hold down a FUNCTION key and
the matching ENTER key together.
2
Press the program selection key (PHONO/
LINE /DIGITAL or INPUT/INPUT) while holding down the two keys above to toggle fader
start on or off. The selection key lights when
fader start is enabled for the program.
Alternatively, you can use the following method
for setting fader start:
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual 21
6 Faders
Cross-fader curve
You can change the way in which the signal is
changed from the A to B signals as the cross-fader is
moved, using the C.F CURVE control.
When this control is fully counter-clockwise, it takes
a relatively large movement of the cross-fader from
one side towards the center before the opposite crossfader signal level is increased.
When this control is fully clockwise, the opposite
cross-fader signal is heard after only a small movement of the cross-fader towards the center.
Cross-fader start
When either of the cross-fader start menus (6cFA or
7cFb) has been set (is on, the C.F START switch is
on the ON position) and a suitable connection has
been made from the FADER START jack on the rear
panel which corresponds to the program number
selected), moving the cross-fader to the A and B
source automatically starts that source.
Alternatively, press and hold down one of the
FUNCTION keys and the corresponding ENTER key
together.
While holding the ENTER and FUNCTION keys
down, press the EXT EFFECT key to toggle crossfader A start on or off.
While holding the ENTER and FUNCTION keys
down, press the STEREO/MONO SPLIT key to toggle cross-fader B start on and off.
These methods are equivalent to the menu settings,
and changing the settings in this way will also
change the menu settings.
Use the C.F START switch in the OFF
position to override the menu settings. In
other words, if the switch is OFF, and the
menu settings are on, cross-fader start is disabled.
However, setting this switch to ON will not automatically enable cross-fader start if the menu setting is
not set to on.
Cross-fader reverse
The C.F REVERSE switch is used to
reverse the direction of the cross-fader.
When the switch is set to ON, the direction
of the cross-fader is reversed (that is, mov-
22 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
ing it towards A makes the B signal louder and the
other way round). The cross-fader start is also
reversed (see “Cross-fader start” on page 22).
7 – Effects
Use the two built-in effects units to add effects to the
microphone, the four program signals, the samplers
(see “Samplers” on page 26), or the master outputs.
NOTE
For details of connecting and using an external effects
unit, see “External effect” on page 8.
EFFECT 2: Programs 2 and 4, the master output, and
sampler 2.
Assign the effects using the effect assignment controls (EFFECT POSITION), which determine where
the effect will be used:
The two internal effects units can be assigned to the
following outputs:
EFFECT 1: microphone, programs 1 and 3 and sam-
pler 1.
Turn the effects on and off using the EFFECT keys. It
is also possible to set the footswitches to turn the
effects on and off (“Footswitch assignment” on
page 18).
Selecting the effect type
Select the effect type (either for
effect 1 or effect 2) using the
selection control:
The available effects are:
REVERB
DELAY
ECHO
FLANGER
AUTO PAN
PITCH
LPF
TRANS
A reverberation to give an effect of space
A repeat effect
Another kind of repeat
A swirling sound
Pans the signal rhythmically from left to right and
back again
A pitch shifter effect
“Low pass filter”, sweeping up and down in a
“wah-wah” effect.
A choppy “transformation” effect.
Editing the effects
Each effect has two parameters which you can
change to customize the sound1:
LEVEL the level at which the effect
works.
TIME The time factor which determines
the sound of the effect (for example, the
speed with which an auto-pan goes
between channels)
The time parameter works in conjunction with the:
1. Except for the LPF effect, which has three
parameters. See “Effect parameters” on
page 24 for details.
BEAT parameter, and is used to synchronize the
effect to the received beat of the music or allows
manual setting of the timing. See below for details.
To set the LEVEL and TIME parameters:
1
Press the appropriate EFFECT key so that
the indicator lights.
2
Press the FUNCTION key so that either the
LEVEL or TIME indicator is lit.
If the LEVEL parameter is selected, use the DATA
knob to set the level of the effect (see the table
below).
If the TIME parameter is selected, use the DATA knob
to set the parameter.
The BEAT parameter
If the “beat” mode is selected with the EFFECT key
lit, the X-9 will make its best effort to determine the
beat from the music being played from the sourced
selected using the selectin control. This beat is then
used as the basis for setting the effect time parameter.
Press ENTER to select the BEAT mode. The BEAT
indicator lights.
In the “beat” mode, press the ENTER key as many
times as necessary to select the ratio of the effect
time to the beat (quarter-notes, etc.) as shown in the
display.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual 23
7 Effects
Some music may have rather complex rhythms, and
it may be unable to determine the beat automatically.
If the X-9 cannot determine the timing of
the music automatically, you can use the
TAP key to set the timing.
The TAP key can also be used to set the
tempo used for the effect when the EFFECT key is
not lit.
The different values obtainable here (1, 2, 4, 1/2, etc.)
allow you to set up interesting rhythms matching the
tempo of the music to the effect.
The TAP and BPM indicators under the display show
whether the timing has been obtained manually
(TAP) or automatically (BPM).
To exit the BEAT mode, turn the DATA knob to enter
the time setting mode. Turning the knob again will
edit the time value.
Effect parameters
The following are the parameters which may be set
for the X-9’s internal effects:
Effect name
LEVEL
TIME
Effect name
LEVEL
PITCH
0 to 100
LPFa
0 to 100
TRANS
0 to 100
BEAT
REVERB
DELAY
0 to 100
0 to 100
0 to 100
ECHO
0 to 100
FLANGER
0 to 100
AUTO
PAN
0 to 100
1 to 3,500 (ms) 2, 1, 3/4, 1/2,
1/4
1 to 3,500 (ms) 2, 1, 3/4, 1/2,
1/4
10 ms to 16 s 32, 16, 8, 4, 2,
1 1/2
10 ms to 16 s 2, 1, 3/4, 1/2,
1/4
—
TIME
–100% to
+100%
10 to 1,000
(ms)
10 ms to 16 s
BEAT
—
32, 16, 8, 4, 2,
1 1/2
2, 1, 3/4, 1/2,
1/4
a. The LPF has a third parameter, which is the
frequency at which the filter operates. Press
the FUNCTION key, so that the LEVEL and
TIME indicators both light. Use the DATA
knob to set this value from 0 to 100.
Storing effects
You can store up to 30 of each type of effect with the
settings you have made in the X-9 (these settings are
memorized, even when the power is turned off). This
means 8 types of effect with 30 memories for each
effect = 240 memories in total.
1
2
4
Use the DATA knob to select the number of
the slot to store the effect (if you don’t want
to use the empty one suggested by the X-9 or
if you have to overwrite an existing setting).
The number flashes in the display (or if all
slots are full, the display alternately shows
FULL (FULL) and the number you selected.
5
Press the ENTER key. If the slot is empty, the
settings are stored in the slot, and the existing
settings are overwritten. If there is data
already in the slot, the display shows SuRE
(sure). Press ENTER to overwrite, FUNCTION
to cancel.
6
Exit the store/recall mode by pressing the
FUNCTION key for about 2 seconds or press-
Make sure the EFFECT key is lit (if
it is not, this procedure will not
work).
Press and hold the
FUNCTION key for about
two seconds. The MEMO
indicator blinks, and the
display shows MEMO
(MEMO).
3
If all the available slots have been filled, the
display alternately shows FULL (FULL) and
1.
MEMO
Press the ENTER key. The MEMO
indicator now lights steadily, and
number of the next empty “slot” for
storing effects is shown in the display.
ing the EFFECT key or changing the effect
24 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
type with the effect selection control.
7 Effects
Recalling stored effect settings
There are two procedures, depending on whether the
EFFECT key is lit or not.
If the EFFECT key is lit…
1
If the EFFECT key is not lit…
1
Press and hold the
FUNCTION key for
about two seconds.
The RECALL indicator lights.
Press and hold the
FUNCTION key for
about two seconds. The
display shows MEMO
(MEMO).
MEMO
2
Turn the DATA knob counterclockwise so that the
effect RECALL indicator is
flashing.
3
Press the ENTER key. The RECALL
indicator now lights steadily.
4
Turn the DATA knob to choose between the
numbers of the slots which have been filled
(the numbers of empty slots are not shown)
and dFLt (dFLt—default).
5
Alternatively:
MEMO
2
Turn the DATA knob to choose
between the numbers of the slots
which have been filled (the numbers
of empty slots are not shown) and
dFLt (dFLt—default).
3
Press the ENTER key to recall the
settings. The effect is activated (but
cannot be heard until the EFFECT
key is lit), and after one second, the X-9
returns to the “recall ready” status in step 2.
In both cases:
Exit the store/recall mode by pressing the
Press the ENTER key to recall the
settings. The effect is activated, and
after one second, the X-9 returns to
the “recalled” status in step 3.
FUNCTION key for about 2 seconds or pressing the EFFECT key or changing the effect
type with the effect selection control.
TIP
You can clear all stored effect settings using the menu
system (25Ec). See “Clear all effect memories” on
page 20 for details.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
25
8 – Samplers
The two samplers can be used to record and play
back samples of up to 8 seconds (each) in length.
The sample data is lost when the power to the X-9 is
turned off.
Recording a sample
1
Select the source from which you will record
the sampler.
3
Press the appropriate IN key to start the sample recording, and the OUT key to stop the
sample recording (if you wait for eight seconds after pressing the IN key, recording of
the sample stops automatically).
Sampler 1 can take samples from program 1
and program 3 as well as from the microphone. Set the SAMPLER 1 selection control
to 1, 3 or MIC.
Sampler 2 can take samples from program 2
and program 4 as well as from the master
mix. Set the SAMPLER 2 selection control to
2, 4 or MST (master).
NOTE
A flashing key means that the key can now be
pressed to set the point.
A lit key means that the point has been set.
When recording samples, if the sample is recorded from
a program or the master, the level is pre-fader (the
fader has no effect on the level sent to the sampler) and
if it is the microphone, the level is post-LEVEL (the
microphone LEVEL control controls the level sent to
the sampler).
2
The IN and OUT keys light and flash to show when a
point has been recorded.
Start playing the source.
TIP
When you have recorded a sample, you must change
the sampler selection control to one of the playback
modes listed below in “Playing back samples” on
page 26 before you can hear it.
Also note that you can use the footswitches in place of
the IN and OUT keys, using the menu option 08Ft.
See “Footswitch assignment” on page 18.
Playing back samples
The SAMPLER 1 and SAMPLER 2 selection controls
have four settings each controlling playback:
Forward playback (“single shot”)
Looped forward playback
sampler output is sent straight to the master.
Play back the sample by pressing the appropriate IN
key, and stop playback (in the case of looped samples) by pressing the OUT key.
Reverse playback (“single shot”)
Reverse looped playback
Turn the selection control to
the playback type you want to
use for the sampler.
Note that this is SAMP1
for the ASSIGN A control
You can select sampler 1 as
the A output or sampler 2 as
the B output. If the sampler is
not assigned to one of the
cross-fader input signals, the
26 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
You can also stop sample playback before the end of
the sample by pressing the OUT key.
If you press the IN key before the sample has finished
playing, playback starts again from the start of the
sample.
Adjust the final output level with
the sampler’s LEVEL control.
8 Samplers
If you want to preview the playback, use the SAMPLER CUE key
(see “Cross-fading” on page 14).
Editing samples
By editing samples, we mean here the adjustment of
the start and end points of the sample.
When the SAMPLER 1 or SAMPLER 2 selection
control is turned to EDIT, the sample can be edited (if
both are left in the EDIT position, only sampler 1 can
be edited).
Use the left DATA knob to adjust the start point of the
sample (of course you can only adjust it forward
from the original IN point).
Use the right DATA knob to adjust the end point of
the sampler (of course, you can only adjust the position backward from the original OUT point).
Naturally, the end point of the sample must come
after the start point.
TIP
Don’t forget to turn the sampler selection control away
from the EDIT position when you’ve finished editing.
NOTE
When you are editing samples, you cannot turn the
effect on or off.
Erasing samples
When a sample has been recorded, (both the IN and
OUT keys are lit), you can erase the contents of the
sample.
Press the IN and OUT keys together to erase the contents of the sampler.
Sample pitch
The sampler pitch and tempo can be altered by
±100% using the menu system (17St).
See (“Sampler tempo” on page 19) for details.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
27
9 – EQ
Each program has three bands of sweepable EQ with
adjustable Q available for changing the way that the
signal sounds.
Up to 100 settings can be stored, and recalled for
later use.
Even if the settings were stored for one program,
they can be recalled and used again with another program.
The controls for each program consist
of three dual knobs.
The inner knob controls the amount
(GAIN) that the signal is cut or boosted
for the appropriate band. Turn clockwise to boost, counterclockwise to cut.
The amount that the signal is cut can
be up to 40 dB of cut, and it can be
boosted by up to 12 dB in each band.
The outer knob of each pair (FREQ) controls the frequency on which the band works. Turn clockwise to
affect a higher frequency, counter-clockwise to affect
a lower frequency.
The HIGH (treble) band can be set to a value between
6 kHz (6,000 Hz) and 20 kHz (20,000 Hz).
The MID (mid-range) band can be set to a value
between 200 Hz and 6 kHz (6,000 Hz).
The LOW (bass) band can be set to a value between
20 Hz and 200 Hz.
WARNING
If you turn the GAIN of all bands to a boost signal, you
may overload the X-9 and your amplifier, resulting in
distortion. “Back off” using the TRIM control if this
occurs.
EQ Q setting
The ‘Q’ of EQ is how much of the signal is affected
by the equalization.
High Q value
(b setting)
There are three Q values, which may be set for each
band using the menu system (see “Program EQ Q
values” on page 19 (11_E)for details).
The higher the Q value, the sharper the EQ curve
(and the smaller part of the signal affected by the
EQ).
(Low Q value
A setting)
The three settings are A (low Q), Nor (normal setting) and b (high Q).
Cutting the EQ bands
If you want to make an instant cut of 40 dB in one of
the bands, use one of the sets of LO CUT, MID CUT
and HI CUT controls to cut the appropriate band
(when the switch is down, the band is cut).
NOTE
These controls do not affect the input programs
directly—they affect the signal assigned to the A and B
cross-fade signals.
These controls do not affect the sampler outputs.
Viewing EQ settings
Because its EQ circuits are digital, the X-9 allows
you to see the exact figures associated with an EQ
setting (for instance, 12 dB of cut at 400 Hz, etc.).
28 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
The EQ settings can be viewed for any of the four
programs (but not for the microphone, whose EQ settings cannot be memorized and recalled).
9 EQ
The left display and controls can be used for programs 1 and 3, and the right for programs 2 and 4.
Note that the MONITOR setting has no meaning in
this mode.
Use the selector switches to select the program.
When the EFFECT key is off, and no menu settings
are being made, turn the DATA knob until the HI, MID
or LOW indicator is lit. The display shows the frequency currently set for the program.
Use the menu controls corresponding to the selector
switch to view the settings for the equalization.
Turning either the gain or the frequency control for
the band changes the display to either the frequency
or the gain for that band.
Remembering and recalling EQ settings
The menu system is used to store the EQ settings of
the currently-selected program.
Use either the left or the right menu system for this
function, depending on the program. The left display
and menu system are used for programs 1 and 3, and
the right display and menu system are used for programs 2 and 4.
See “EQ memory store” on page 18 and “EQ memory recall” on page 18 about menu functions 09 and
10 for an explanation of how these are stored and
recalled to the 100 memory banks.
All memories can be erased using the menu system
(see “Clear all EQ memories” on page 20—24Ac)
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
29
10 – Specifications, etc.
I/O specifications
Audio I/O
Analog inputs
LINE 1 through LINE 4
Input level
Input impedance
PHONO 1 through PHONO 4
Input level
Input impedance
MIC input
Input level
Input impedance
RETURN (L, R)
Input level
Input impedance
Analog outputs
MASTER OUTPUT (BALANCED)
Output level
Output impedance
MASTER OUTPUT (UNALANCED)
Output level
Output impedance
BOOTH OUTPUT
Output level
Output impedance
SEND (L, R)
Output level
Output impedance
PHONES (x 2)
Maximum total output level
Total load impedance
Digital inputs
CH 1, CH 2
Digital output
DIGITAL OUT
RCA pin (unbalanced)
–16 dBV
47 kΩ
RCA pin unbalanced (with additional SIGNAL GND connector)
–54 dBV
47 kΩ
XLR balanced (female)a
–55 dBV
2.7 kΩ
1/4” jack (unbalanced)
–10 dBV
22 kΩ
XLR balanced (male)a
+ 4dBu
75 Ω
RCA pin (unbalanced)
–10 dBV
1 kΩ
RCA pin (unbalanced)
–10 dBV
1 kΩ
1/4” jack (unbalanced)
–10 dBV
1 kΩ
Stereo 1/4” jack
30 mW + 30 mW
32 Ω
RCA pin, IEC60958 TYPE I or TYPE II (auto-detect)
RCA pin, IEC60958 TYPE II (SPDIF)
a. All XLR connectors are wired 1=ground, 2-live (hot), 3=return (cold)
Control I/O
FADER STOP/START 1 through 4
FOOT SW 1, FOOT SW 2
30 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
3.5 mm mini-jack (high=5 V, Low (on)=0 V) Tip=PLAY, GND=READY
1/4” jack (for use with RC-30P)
10 Specifications, etc.
Audio specifications
Program equalization
HIGH (frequency range)
gain
MID (frequency range)
gain
LOW (frequency range)
gain
Microphone equalization
HIGH (frequency range)
gain
LOW (frequency range)
gain
Frequency response
6 kHz to 20 kHz
–40 dB to +12 dB
200 Hz to 6 kHz
–40 dB to +12 dB
20 Hz to 200 Hz
–40 dB to +12 dB
10 kHz
–12 dB to +12 dB
100 Hz
–12 dB to +12 dB
20 Hz to 20 kHz ±2.0 dB
20 Hz to 20 kHz ±2.0 dB
20 Hz to 20 kHz ±2.0 dB
LINE
PHONO
MIC
Signal-to-noise ratio
PGM
PHONO
MIC
Total harmonic distortion
LINE
PHONO
MIC
Crosstalk
< 0.025%
< 0.035%
< 0.040%
> 70 dB @ 1 kHz
Samplers (1 and 2)
Effector memories
EQ memories
8 seconds of record/playback per sampler
30 x 8 (types) = 240 memories
100
84 dB (IHF A weighting)
77 dB (IHF A weighting)
70 dB (IHF A weighting)
General specifications
Voltage requirements
Power consumption
Applicable electromagnetic environment
Peak inrush current
Dimensions (w x d x h)
Weight
Operating temperature
Supplied accessories
Optional accessories
USA/Canada 120 VAC, 60 Hz
U.K./Europe 230 VAC, 50 Hz
Australia 240 VAC, 50 Hz
General export 120 VAC, 60 Hz, 230 VAC, 60 Hz
42 W
E4
0.9 A
320 x 354 x 87(mm)
12.6 x 13.9 x 3.4 (in)
7 kg (15.4 lb.)
5°C to 35°C (41°F to 95°F)
Rack-mounting ears
Rack-mounting kit
Fan cover
Eight RCA plug covers
MIDI/Digital Out board
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
31
10 Specifications, etc.
355 mm (14.4 in)
Dimensional drawing
87 mm ( 3.4 in)
320 mm (12.6 in)
32 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
10 Specifications, etc.
Mounting the X-9 in a rack
When mounting the X-9 in a 19” rack, use only the
supplied rack-mount ears and mounting screws, etc.
As shown here, remove the five screws (1) on the left
side of the unit.
Locate and fit the left rack-mount angle (with the fan
cutout) and fasten it to the X-9 using the five screws
removed in the previous step.
Fit the right rack-mount angle in the same way.
Case mounting
WARNING
It is most important that if you are mounting the X-9 in
a rack or in a case, that the supplied fan cover and ventilation cover are fitted as explained here. This ensures
a smooth airflow, and prevents the fan and ventilation
vents from being blocked, which could cause overheating and damage to the X-9.
Remove the two screws (1) on the left side of the X-9
as shown here.
Use the four screws supplied with the fan cover to
attach the fan cover.
Repeat the process for the ventilation cover on the
right side of the X-9.
TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
33
34 TASCAM X-9 Owner’s Manual
L
LINE IN 4
PHONO IN 4
LINE IN 3
PHONO IN 3
PHONO
LINE
L
PHONO
LINE
R
L
MIC
R
PHONO
LINE
L
R
PHONO
LINE
R
L
PHONO
LINE IN
PHONO
LINE IN
PHONO
LINE IN
DAC
PHONO
LINE
R
PHONO
LINE
R
DIGITAL IN 2
LINE IN 2
PHONO IN 2
L
PHONO
LINE IN
DAC
PHONO
LINE
L
R
PHONO
LINE
R
L
DIGITAL IN 1
LINE IN 1
PHONO IN 1
TRIM
INPUT 1
INPUT 4
INPUT 1
INPUT 4
2-BAND EQ
INPUT 4/INPUT 1
INPUT 2
INPUT 3
INPUT 2
INPUT 3
INPUT 3/INPUT 2
DIGITAL
PHONO/LINE
DIGITAL
PHONO/LINE
PHONO/LINE IN
DIGITAL
DIGITAL
PHONO/LINE
DIGITAL
PHONO/LINE
PHONO/LINE IN
DIGITAL
TRIM
TRIM
TRIM
TRIM
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
EFFECT IN
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
EFFECT IN
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
EFFECT IN
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
EFFECT IN
ADC
FROM RETURN
TO SEND
ADC
TO METER
FROM RETURN
TO SEND
ADC
TO METER
FROM RETURN
TO SEND
ADC
TO METER
FROM RETURN
TO SEND
ADC
TO METER
FROM RETURN
SAMPLER 2
FROM PGM 2
FROM PGM 4
FROM MASTER
TO SEND
SAMPLER 1
FROM PGM 1
FROM PGM 3
FROM MIC
TO/FROM EFFECT 1
1
3
MIC
S1
4
MST
S2
3
MIC
S1
1
4
MST
S2
3
MIC
S1
1
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 1
CUT SW
LOW/MID/HI
3-BAND EQ
2
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 2
CUT SW
LOW/MID/HI
3-BAND EQ
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 1
CUT SW
LOW/MID/HI
3-BAND EQ
2
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 2
CUT SW
LOW/MID/HI
3-BAND EQ
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 1
4
MST
S2
2
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 2
3
MIC
S1
1
EFFECT POSITION
(MENU)
BALANCE
(MENU)
BALANCE
(MENU)
BALANCE
(MENU)
BALANCE
(MENU)
BALANCE
P
P
TO SAMPLER 1
FADER
TO SAMPLER 2
FADER
TO SAMPLER 1
FADER
TO SAMPLER 2
FADER
TO SAMPLER 1
CUE
LEVEL
LEVEL
P
CUE
CUE
P
CUE
P
CUE
P
CUE
ASSIGN A
TALK OVER
THRU
1
2
3
4
SAMP 2
ASSIGN B
THRU
1
2
3
4
SAMP 1
CROSS
FADER
4
MST
S2
2
EFFECT POSITION
TO/FROM EFFECT 2
DAC
DAC
L
R
EFFECT 2
EFFECT 1
R
R
EFFECT IN
DSP Processing part
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
(in DSP)
FADER
CUE
for MASTER
BALANCE
FROM RETURN
TO SEND
SEND/RETURN
L
L
RETURN
INTERNAL EFFECTOR
SEND
MIC
1
2
3
4
MST
EXT EFFECT
EFFECT
EFFECT
ATT
ATT
LEVEL
CUE
MST
CUE
MST
L
L
R
BOOTH OUT
L
L
R
LEVEL
MASTER OUT (DIGITAL)
(MENU)
H.P.
EQ
R
MASTER OUT (UNBAL)
R
MASTER OUT (BAL)
BALANCE
STEREO/MONO SPLIT
PRE/POST
(MENU)
PRE/POST
TO METER
HEADPHONE OUT 2
HEADPHONE OUT 1
10 Specifications, etc.
Block diagram
TO SAMPLER 2
CUE BUSS
MASTER BUSS
X-9
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