Harbor Freight Tools 1.5 Watt Solar Battery Charger Product manual

Owner’s Manual & Safety Instructions
Save This Manual Keep this manual for the safety warnings and precautions, assembly,
operating, inspection, maintenance and cleaning procedures. Write the product’s serial number in the
back of the manual near the assembly diagram (or month and year of purchase if product has no number).
Keep this manual and the receipt in a safe and dry place for future reference.
REV 15c
Visit our website at: http://www.harborfreight.com
Email our technical support at: productsupport@harborfreight.com
When unpacking, make sure that the product is intact
and undamaged. If any parts are missing or broken,
please call 1-888-866-5797 as soon as possible.
Copyright© 2001 by Harbor Freight Tools®. All rights reserved.
No portion of this manual or any artwork contained herein may be reproduced in
any shape or form without the express written consent of Harbor Freight Tools.
Diagrams within this manual may not be drawn proportionally. Due to continuing
improvements, actual product may differ slightly from the product described herein.
Tools required for assembly and service may not be included.
Read this material before using this product.
Failure to do so can result in serious injury.
SAVE THIS MANUAL.
IMPORTANT SAFETY
INFORMATION
In this manual, on the labeling, and all other
information provided with this product:
This is the safety alert symbol. It is
used to alert you to potential personal
injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol
to avoid possible injury or death.
DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION, used with the safety alert symbol,
indicates a hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
Installation Precautions
1. Exercise special caution if working on roof
or another high location. Keep proper footing
and balance at all times. Follow ladder supplier’s
precautions whenever working near or on a ladder.
2. Install all sensitive electrical components
(including wiring connections, regulator,
and battery) inside a weatherproof
enclosure to prevent electric shock.
3. Do not wire multiple panels in series. If you
need to connect two or more solar panels together,
this work must be done by a qualified electrician
unless they are connected through a regulator.
4. This solar panel kit is not designed for tie-in to a
grid. Only a licensed electrician and a licensed
building contractor can safely design and implement
a grid tie-in system. Any grid tie-in system must
meet all applicable building and electrical codes,
and must meet standards established by the area
power company. Improper grid tie-in can result in
electrocution, fire, and other serious personal injury
and property damage. An incorrectly installed grid
tie-in system can cause feedback voltage, resulting
in electrocution of electrical utility workers.
5. Do not stand on or otherwise
apply pressure to panel.
6. Handle solar panel with care,
edges may be sharp.
7. Do not focus light on panel.
NOTICE is used to address practices
not related to personal injury.
CAUTION, without the safety alert symbol, is used to
address practices not related to personal injury.
WARNING Read all safety warnings and
instructions. Failure to follow the warnings and
instructions may result in electric shock, fire and/
or serious injury.
Save all warnings and instructions for
future reference. The warnings, precautions,
and instructions discussed in this instruction
manual cannot cover all possible conditions and
situations that may occur. It must be understood
by the operator that common sense and caution
are factors which cannot be built into this
product, but must be supplied by the operator.
Page 2
8. Install components with enough
space to allow proper cooling.
9. This product may occasionally produce more
current and/or voltage than its rated output.
Increase output ratings by 25% when determining
component required voltage and amperage
ratings. Refer to Section 690-8 of the National
Electrical Code for an additional multiplying factor of
125 percent (80 percent derating) which may apply.
For technical questions, please call 1-888-866-5797.
Item 68692
10. Panel must be connected using UL listed outdoor
rated wire of the correct thickness (gauge) for the
amperage rating and length (see warning number
9 also). Follow the guidelines in the chart below:
Current
in Amps
0-5
6-7
8
10
11-12
15
18
20
22-24
30
40
50
100
150
200
5'
Maximum Length
10'
15'
20'
25'
18
18
18
18
16
16
16
14
18
16
14
12
10
8
16
14
14
12
16
14
12
12
Battery Precautions
1. Wear splash-resistant ANSI-approved
safety goggles and electrically insulated
gloves while working near batteries.
2. Use an appropriate charge controller
whenever connected to battery.
3. Charge, store, and maintain batteries
according to supplier’s instructions.
Service Precautions
1. Before service, maintenance, or cleaning:
10
a. Dry solar panels and outdoor
wiring thoroughly while wearing
electrically insulated gloves.
b. Cover all solar panels with an opaque
cover, such as a blanket.
10
12
10
8
10
8
6
6
4
4
2
Minimum Wire Gauge
11. Install an appropriate charge controller/regulator
to regulate output and prevent damage. Do not
attach panel to battery or power grid without proper
regulator, inverter, and/or charge controller.
12. Install and use according to applicable
National Electrical Code (NEC) standards.
13. This panel is not rated for use as fire-resistant
roofing. If installing on a roof, install only over a fire
resistant roof covering rated for the application.
14. Verify that installation surface has no hidden
utility lines before drilling or driving screws.
15. Install only according to these instructions.
Improper installation can create hazards.
16. Wear ANSI-approved safety goggles and heavyduty work gloves during installation. Do not
wear jewelry or metal watches when working
near solar panels, wiring or batteries.
17. Handle panel with care. Glass may break or a
sharp edge may be exposed during movement.
c. Disconnect all solar panels.
d. Disconnect all batteries.
2. Do not service during rain, fog, or
any other wet/humid weather.
3. Do not stand on or otherwise
apply pressure to panel.
4. Do not allow children to play with or near
this item or electrical components.
5. Inspect at least monthly; do not use if damaged,
parts are loose, water is found inside the
housing, electrical insulation is cracked or
damaged, or connections are loose.
6. Maintain product labels and nameplates.
These carry important safety information.
If unreadable or missing, contact
Harbor Freight Tools for a replacement.
7. WARNING: The cord of this product contains
lead and/or di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP),
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
(California Health & Safety Code § 25249.5, et seq.)
18. Keep installation area clean and well lit.
19. Install out of reach of children.
20. Keep bystanders out of the area during installation.
.
SAVE THESE
INSTRUCTIONS.
21. Do not install when tired or when under
the influence of drugs or medication.
22. Use in 12 VDC systems only.
Item 68692
For technical questions, please call 1-888-866-5797.
Page 3
Specifications
Rated Output
Panel Size
12/24 VAC / 1.5 W
13-3/4" L x 4-3/4" W
Note: Output will decrease as the panel gets hotter
than room temperature (~70° F). Angle, solar intensity,
cloud cover and other factors will effect output.
WARNING! Depending on the mounting location and
possible weather conditions, you may need longer
mounting screws (not included) to securely install the
Charger Frame.
WARNING! If using mounting screws, do NOT
drill through the Charger’s aluminum frame. You
may damage the frame or break the glass.
3. Angle face of Charger Frame toward true
south1 according to chart that follows:
Latitude
Installation
IMPORTANT! Read the ENTIRE IMPORTANT
SAFETY INFORMATION section at the beginning of
this manual including all text under subheadings
therein before set up or use of this product:
Note: For additional information regarding the
parts listed in the following pages, refer to the
Assembly Diagram near the end of this manual.
Location
1. Locate the Charger panel where it will receive
full, unobstructed sunlight, especially during
midday. Nearby trees or tall plants will drop debris,
requiring the panel to be cleaned more frequently.
2. The installation location for panels, charge
controller/regulator, and batteries must be
inaccessible to children to prevent electric
shock. Build a childproof enclosure if needed.
3. Install the charge controller/regulator and batteries
in a weatherproof enclosure with proper ventilation.
Assembly/Mounting
0-4°
5-20°
21-45°
46-64°
65° or more
Solar Panel Angle
10°
Latitude + 5°
Latitude + 10°
Latitude + 15°
80°
Wiring
Note: Only a licensed electrician and a licensed building
contractor can safely design and implement a grid
tie-in system. Any grid tie-in system must meet all
applicable building and electrical codes, and must meet
standards established by the area power company.
1. Run wires from panels, through weatherproof
grommets and into enclosure where charge
controller/regulator is located. Use wires
of the proper size and rating and use twist
connectors (not included) to connect wires.
2. Connect to charge controller/regulator according
to controller/regulator’s instructions.
3. Secure all connections using terminals, or solder
all wire splices to ensure good connections.
4. Weatherproof all connections and route the wire in a
way that it will not be torn loose from the panel.
1. Select a mounting location for the Charger Frame
(1). The solar panel should face the Sun, and not
be blocked by shadows. The location should allow
the panel to be protected from accidental damage.
The mounting location should be sturdy enough to
support the weight of the Charger Frame, and any
additional accessories. Before mounting, be sure
that the main cable to either the Battery Clamp
Wire (3) or the Lighter Plug Wire (4) will reach from
the Charger Frame to the battery to be charged.
2. To mount Charger Frame to dashboard or the inside
or outside of car windshield, press two Suction Cups
into the mounting holes provided on the back of the
Charger Frame. See Assembly Diagram on page 5.
NOTE: Two additional Suction Cups are included with
the Solar Battery Charger for when the first pair begin
to wear and need to be replaced.
1 Angle
towards true north if installed
in southern hemisphere.
Page 4
For technical questions, please call 1-888-866-5797.
Item 68692
Cleaning
Operation
Use Voltage Regulator (not included) between Solar
Battery Charger and battery to prevent overcharging
battery and consequent damage.
Solar Panel may also be used to maintain charge on
batteries which are powering other items, such as a car
radio while the car is parked.
1.
Attach one of the two provided extensions as
needed. This kit includes Battery Clamps (3) and
Car Lighter Plug Wire (4) in addition to the Charger’s
main cable.
CAUTION: Disconnect the Solar Battery Charger
from cigarette lighter or battery terminal before
starting engine. Surges of electricity from the engine
may damage the Solar Panel.
Servicing
Procedures not specifically explained in this
manual must be performed by a qualified
service technician.
Clean and inspect the Solar Battery
Charger system MONTHLY, or more
frequently to maintain peak efficiency.
1. Wear electrically insulated gloves and
ANSI-approved safety goggles. Dry solar
panels and outdoor wiring thoroughly.
2. Cover all panels with an opaque
cover, such as a blanket.
3. Disconnect all panels and batteries.
4. Clean panels one at a time with mild, non-abrasive
cleanser and soft cloth and paper towels. Do
not clean with brushes or abrasive cleaners.
5. Inspect the general condition of the Solar Battery
Charger system (panels, batteries, controllers,
and mounting). Check for loose hardware,
wiring insulation damage or weathering, cracked
glass, open housing, cracked or broken parts,
loose or corroded contacts, and any other
condition that may affect its safe operation.
6. Inspect and maintain batteries according
to supplier’s instructions.
Adjustment
To increase efficiency:
TO PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY FROM ELECTRIC
SHOCK:
Before service, maintenance or cleaning:
a. Dry Solar Battery Charger panel and
outdoor wiring thoroughly while wearing
electrically insulated gloves.
1. In the Winter, increase the panel’s angle by 10°.
2. In the Summer, decrease the angle by up to 10°.
3. In the Spring and Fall, keep the panel at the
angle recommended on the chart on page 4.
b. Cover all panels with an opaque
cover, such as a blanket.
c. Disconnect all panels.
d. Disconnect all batteries.
TO PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY FROM
ELECTRIC SHOCK OR CUTS:
Do not use damaged solar panel.
If wiring insulation is damaged or
weathered, glass is cracked,
or housing is opened, have the problem
corrected before further use.
Note: It is normal to see up to 20% degradation in
amorphous silicon solar panel performance within the first
6 months before the amorphous coating stabilizes.
Item 68692
For technical questions, please call 1-888-866-5797.
Page 5
PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CAREFULLY
THE MANUFACTURER AND/OR DISTRIBUTOR HAS PROVIDED THE PARTS LIST AND ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM
IN THIS MANUAL AS A REFERENCE TOOL ONLY. NEITHER THE MANUFACTURER OR DISTRIBUTOR
MAKES ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND TO THE BUYER THAT HE OR SHE IS
QUALIFIED TO MAKE ANY REPAIRS TO THE PRODUCT, OR THAT HE OR SHE IS QUALIFIED TO REPLACE
ANY PARTS OF THE PRODUCT. IN FACT, THE MANUFACTURER AND/OR DISTRIBUTOR EXPRESSLY
STATES THAT ALL REPAIRS AND PARTS REPLACEMENTS SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN BY CERTIFIED AND
LICENSED TECHNICIANS, AND NOT BY THE BUYER. THE BUYER ASSUMES ALL RISK AND LIABILITY
ARISING OUT OF HIS OR HER REPAIRS TO THE ORIGINAL PRODUCT OR REPLACEMENT PARTS
THERETO, OR ARISING OUT OF HIS OR HER INSTALLATION OF REPLACEMENT PARTS THERETO.
PARTS LIST AND ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM
Part
1
2
Description
Charger Frame
Mounting Suction Cups
Qty.
1
4
Part
3
4
Mounting Suction Cups (2)
Charger Frame (1) (Front View)
Description
Battery Clamps Wire
Lighter Plug Wire
Qty.
1
1
Battery Clamps Wire (3)
Main Cable
Lighter Plug Wire (4)
Charger Frame (Back View)
Record Product’s Serial Number Here:
Note:
If product has no serial number, record month and year of purchase instead.
Note: Some parts are listed and shown for illustration purposes only,
and are not available individually as replacement parts.
Page 6
For technical questions, please call 1-888-866-5797.
Item 68692
Limited 90 Day Warranty
Harbor Freight Tools Co. makes every effort to assure that its products meet high quality and durability standards,
and warrants to the original purchaser that this product is free from defects in materials and workmanship for the
period of 90 days from the date of purchase. This warranty does not apply to damage due directly or indirectly,
to misuse, abuse, negligence or accidents, repairs or alterations outside our facilities, criminal activity, improper
installation, normal wear and tear, or to lack of maintenance. We shall in no event be liable for death, injuries
to persons or property, or for incidental, contingent, special or consequential damages arising from the use of
our product. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the
above limitation of exclusion may not apply to you. THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
To take advantage of this warranty, the product or part must be returned to us with transportation charges
prepaid. Proof of purchase date and an explanation of the complaint must accompany the merchandise.
If our inspection verifies the defect, we will either repair or replace the product at our election or we may
elect to refund the purchase price if we cannot readily and quickly provide you with a replacement. We will
return repaired products at our expense, but if we determine there is no defect, or that the defect resulted
from causes not within the scope of our warranty, then you must bear the cost of returning the product.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Item 68692
For technical questions, please call 1-888-866-5797.
Page 7
3491 Mission Oaks Blvd. • PO Box 6009 • Camarillo, CA 93011 • 1-888-866-5797
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