Harbor Freight Tools 10 in. x 18 in. 5 Speed 1/2 HP Benchtop Wood Lathe Product manual

10” X 18” MINI WOOD LATHE
Model 65345
Set up And Operating Instructions
Distributed exclusively by Harbor Freight Tools®.
3491 Mission Oaks Blvd., Camarillo, CA 93011
Visit our website at: http://www.harborfreight.com
Read this material before using this product.
Failure to do so can result in serious injury.
Save this manual.
Copyright© 2008 by Harbor Freight Tools®. All rights reserved. No portion of this manual or any
artwork contained herein may be reproduced in any shape or form without the express written
consent of Harbor Freight Tools. Diagrams within this manual may not be drawn proportionally. Due
to continuing improvements, actual product may differ slightly from the product described herein.
For technical questions or replacement parts, please call 1-800-444-3353.
CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ......................................................3
GROUNDING ..............................................................................................7
EXTENSION CORDS ..................................................................................7
SYMBOLOGY .............................................................................................8
SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................8
UNPACKING ...............................................................................................9
PRODUCT FEATURES................................................................................9
ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS .....................................................................9
WORK AREA SET UP ................................................................................9
DEFINITION OF TERMS ...........................................................................10
ADJUSTMENTS ........................................................................................11
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ..................................................................15
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING ...........................................................17
PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CAREFULLY.....................................18
TROUBLESHOOTING ..............................................................................19
PARTS LIST ..............................................................................................20
ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM .............................................................................21
WARRANTY INFORMATION ....................................................................22
SKU 65345
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Page 2
Save This Manual
NOTICE is used to
address practices
not related to personal injury.
Keep this manual for the safety warnings and precautions, assembly, operating,
inspection, maintenance and cleaning procedures. Write the product’s serial number
in the back of the manual (or month and
year of purchase if product has no number). Keep this manual and the receipt in
a safe and dry place for future reference.
CAUTION, without
the safety alert
symbol, is used to address
practices not related to
personal injury.
General Power Tool Safety
Warnings
Important SAFETY
Information
WARNING Read all safety
warnings and instructions.
Failure to follow the warnings and
instructions may result in electric
shock, fire and/or serious injury.
Save all warnings and
instructions for future reference.
The term ″power tool″ in the
warnings refers to your mainsoperated (corded) power tool.
In this manual, on the labeling,
and all other information
provided with this product:
This is the safety alert
symbol. It is used to alert
you to potential personal
injury hazards. Obey all
safety messages that
follow this symbol to avoid
possible injury or death.
1.
a.Keep work area clean and well lit.
Cluttered or dark areas invite accidents.
DANGER indicates
a hazardous
situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
b.Do not operate power tools in
explosive atmospheres, such as in
the presence of flammable liquids,
gases or dust. Power tools create
sparks which may ignite the dust or
fumes.
WARNING
indicates a
hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
CAUTION, used
with the safety
alert symbol, indicates a
hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, could result in
minor or moderate injury.
SKU 65345
Work area safety
c.Keep children and bystanders
away while operating a power tool.
Distractions can cause you to lose
control.
2.
Electrical safety
a.Power tool plugs must match the
outlet. Never modify the plug in
any way. Do not use any adapter
plugs with grounded power tools.
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 3
c.Remove any adjusting key or
wrench before turning the power
tool on. A wrench or a key left attached to a rotating part of the power
tool may result in personal injury.
Unmodified plugs and matching outlets will reduce risk of electric shock.
b.Avoid body contact with grounded
surfaces such as pipes, radiators,
ranges and refrigerators. There is
an increased risk of electric shock if
your body is grounded.
d.Do not overreach. Keep proper
footing and balance at all times.
This enables better control of the
power tool in unexpected situations.
c.Do not expose power tools to rain
or wet conditions. Water entering
a power tool will increase the risk of
electric shock.
d.Do not abuse the cord. Never
use the cord to unplug the power
tool. Keep cord away from heat,
oil, sharp edges or moving parts.
Damaged or entangled cords increase the risk of electric shock.
e.If operating a power tool in a damp
location is unavoidable, use a
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
(GFCI) protected supply. Use of
a GFCI reduces the risk of electric
shock.
3.
Personal safety
a.Stay alert, watch what you are doing and use common sense when
operating a power tool. Do not use
a power tool while you are tired
or under the influence of drugs,
alcohol or medication. A moment
of inattention while operating power
tools may result in serious personal
injury.
b.Use safety equipment. Always
wear ANSI-approved eye protection. Safety equipment such as
NIOSH-approved dust mask/respirator, full face shield, heavy-duty work
gloves, non-skid safety shoes, hard
hat, or hearing protection used for
appropriate conditions will reduce
personal injuries.
SKU 65345
e.Dress properly. Do not wear loose
clothing or jewelry. Keep your
hair, clothing and gloves away
from moving parts. Loose clothes,
jewelry or long hair can be caught in
moving parts.
4.
Power tool use and care
a.Do not force the power tool. Use
the correct power tool for your application. The correct power tool will
do the job better and safer at the rate
for which it was designed.
b.Do not use the power tool if the
switch does not turn it on and off.
Any power tool that cannot be controlled with the switch is dangerous
and must be repaired.
c.Disconnect the plug from the
power source before making any
adjustments, changing accessories, or storing power tools. Such
preventive safety measures reduce
the risk of starting the power tool accidentally.
d.Store idle power tools out of the
reach of children and do not allow
persons unfamiliar with the power
tool or these instructions to operate the power tool. Power tools are
dangerous in the hands of untrained
users.
e.Maintain power tools. Check for
misalignment or binding of moving
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 4
parts, breakage of parts and any
other condition that may affect the
power tool’s operation. If damaged, have the power tool repaired
before use. Many accidents are
caused by poorly maintained power
tools.
f. Keep cutting tools sharp and
clean. Properly maintained cutting
tools with sharp cutting edges are
less likely to bind and are easier to
control.
g.Use the power tool and its accessories in accordance with these
instructions, taking into account
the working conditions and the
work to be performed. Use of the
power tool for operations different
from those intended could result in a
hazardous situation.
5.
Service
a.Have your power tool serviced by
a qualified repair person using
only identical replacement parts.
This will ensure that the safety of the
power tool is maintained.
Lathe Safety Warnings
1.
Maintain labels and nameplates on
the Lathe. These carry important
safety information. If unreadable or
missing, contact Harbor Freight Tools
for a replacement.
2.
Do not run the Lathe without its covers and guards in place.
3.
Tighten all locks before operating.
4.
Do not mount a split workpiece.
5.
Use the lowest speed when starting a
new workpiece.
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6.
Always stop the Lathe at its slowest speed. If the Lathe is run so fast
that it vibrates, there is a risk that the
workpiece will be thrown or the cutting tool jerked from your hands.
7.
Always rotate the workpiece by hand
before turning on the Lathe. If the
workpiece strikes the tool rest, it
could split and be thrown out of the
Lathe.
8.
Do not allow cutting tools to bite into
the workpiece. The wood could be
split or thrown from the Lathe.
9.
Always position the tool rest above
the centerline of the Lathe when
shaping a piece of stock.
10. Before attaching a workpiece to the
faceplate, always rough it out to
make it as round as possible. This
minimizes the vibrations while the
piece is being turned. Always fasten
the workpiece securely to the faceplate. Failure to do so could result
in the workpiece being thrown away
from the Lathe.
11. Remove all loose knots in the workpiece before mounting between the
centers or on the faceplate.
12. Position your hands so they will not
slip onto the workpiece when the
Lathe is running.
13. Use a brush or compressed air to
remove wood shavings; never your
hands. The wood shavings will be
sharp.
14. The cutting tool must always be tight
within the tool post or chuck and
adjusted to limit projection from the
post. This will reduce the possibility
of the tool breaking or bending.
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 5
15. Avoid unintentional starting. Prepare
to begin work before turning on the
tool.
16. Do not reach across the Lathe while it
is running.
17. Industrial applications must follow
OSHA guidelines.
18. Do not use the Lathe if it is off-balance, or the workpiece is not properly
centered.
19. Only feed workpiece into a cutting
tool against the direction of rotation.
The workpiece must always be rotating toward you.
20. Do not leave the tool unattended
when it is plugged into an electrical
outlet. Turn off the tool, and unplug it
from its electrical outlet before leaving.
21. This product is not a toy. Keep it out
of reach of children.
22. People with pacemakers should
consult their physician(s) before use.
Electromagnetic fields in close proximity to heart pacemaker could cause
pacemaker interference or pacemaker failure. In addition, people with
pacemakers should:
• Avoid operating alone.
• Do not use with power switch locked
on.
• Properly maintain and inspect to
avoid electrical shock.
• Any power cord must be properly
grounded. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) should also be implemented – it prevents sustained electrical shock.
other construction activities, contains
chemicals known [to the State of California] to cause cancer, birth defects
or other reproductive harm. Some
examples of these chemicals are:
• Lead from lead-based paints
• Crystalline silica from bricks and cement or other masonry products
• Arsenic and chromium from chemically treated lumber
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how often you do
this type of work. To reduce your
exposure to these chemicals: work in
a well ventilated area, and work with
approved safety equipment, such as
those dust masks that are specially
designed to filter out microscopic
particles. (California Health & Safety
Code § 25249.5, et seq.)
24. The warnings, precautions, and instructions discussed in this instruction
manual cannot cover all possible conditions and situations that may occur.
It must be understood by the operator
that common sense and caution are
factors which cannot be built into this
product, but must be supplied by the
operator.
Save these
instructions.
23. Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling, and
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 6
Grounding
To prevent
electric shock
and death from
incorrect grounding
wire connection:
Check with a qualified
electrician if you are in doubt
as to whether the outlet is
properly grounded. Do not
modify the power cord plug
provided with the tool. Never
remove the grounding prong
from the plug. Do not use the
tool if the power cord or plug
is damaged. If damaged, have
it repaired by a service facility
before use. If the plug will not
fit the outlet, have a proper
outlet installed by a qualified
electrician.
of electric shock. (See 3-Prong Plug
and Outlet.)
2.
The grounding prong in the plug is
connected through the green wire inside the cord to the grounding system
in the tool. The green wire in the cord
must be the only wire connected to
the tool’s grounding system and must
never be attached to an electrically
“live” terminal. (See 3-Prong Plug
and Outlet.)
3.
The tool must be plugged into an
appropriate outlet, properly installed
and grounded in accordance with all
codes and ordinances. The plug and
outlet should look like those in the
preceding illustration. (See 3-Prong
Plug and Outlet.)
Extension Cords
Grounded Tools: Tools with Three
1. Grounded tools require a three wire
Prong Plugs
extension cord. Double Insulated
tools can use either a two or three
wire extension cord.
This product
uses a
3-prong plug.
2.
As the distance from the supply outlet
increases, you must use a heavier
gauge extension cord. Using extension cords with inadequately sized
wire causes a serious drop in voltage,
resulting in loss of power and possible tool damage.
(See Table A.) The smaller the
gauge number of the wire, the greater
the capacity of the cord. For example, a 14 gauge cord can carry a
higher current than a 16 gauge cord.
(See Table A.)
3.
When using more than one extension cord to make up the total length,
make sure each cord contains at
3-Prong Plug and Outlet
1.
Tools marked with “Grounding Required” have a three wire cord and
three prong grounding plug. The
plug must be connected to a properly
grounded outlet. If the tool should
electrically malfunction or break
down, grounding provides a low
resistance path to carry electricity
away from the user, reducing the risk
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 7
4.
5.
6.
7.
least the minimum wire size required.
(See Table A.)
Symbology
If you are using one extension cord
for more than one tool, add the
nameplate amperes and use the sum
to determine the required minimum
cord size. (See Table A.)
Double Insulated
If you are using an extension cord
outdoors, make sure it is marked with
the suffix “W-A” (“W” in Canada) to
indicate it is acceptable for outdoor
use.
Make sure the extension cord is properly wired and in good electrical condition. Always replace a damaged
extension cord or have it repaired by
a qualified electrician before using it.
Protect the extension cords from
sharp objects, excessive heat, and
damp or wet areas.
RECOMMENDED MINIMUM WIRE
GAUGE FOR EXTENSION CORDS*
(110 VOLT)
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
V~
A
Volts Alternating Current
Amperes
No Load Revolutions per Minute
n0 xxxx/min. (RPM)
Specifications
Lathe Type
Wood Cutting
Motor
1/2 HP
Motor Speed
1700 RPM
Spindle Speeds
(RPM)
750, 1100, 1600, 2200, 3200
Spindle Run Out
0.0025”
Tail Stock
Quill Travel
2”
(at full load)
150’
18” Long, 10” Diameter
100’
Maximum Stock
Length/Diameter
75’
110 V~ / 60 Hz
Power Cord: 18 AWG X 3C
Power Plug: 3-Prong, Grounded
7.5 A
50’
Electrical
Requirements
25’
NAMEPLATE
AMPERES
EXTENSION CORD
LENGTH
Canadian Standards Association
0 – 2.0
18
18
18
18
16
2.1 – 3.4
18
18
18
16
14
Tail Stock
Quill Taper
MT-2
3.5 – 5.0
18
18
16
14
12
Tool Rest Length
7”
5.1 – 7.0
18
16
14
12
12
Tool Rest Capacity 2”
7.1 – 12.0
18
14
12
10
-
Faceplate Size
3”
12.1 – 16.0
14
12
10
-
-
Drive Method
Belt & Pulley
16.1 – 20.0
12
10
-
-
-
Belt Type
3-Groove, 0.275” x 2’1” Circumference
TABLE A
* Based on limiting the line
voltage drop to five volts at
150% of the rated amperes.
Accessories
Safety Goggles (Qty. 1)
3mm, 6mm, 8mm Hex Wrench (1 ea.)
Faceplate & Spindle Nut (1 ea.)
Live Center & Spur Center (1 ea.)
Tool Rest (Qty. 1)
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SKU 65345
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Page 8
Unpacking
To prevent
serious injury
from accidental
operation:
Turn the Power Switch (46) of
the Lathe to its “OFF”
position and unplug the tool
from its electrical outlet
before assembling or making
any adjustments.
When unpacking, check to make sure
that the item is intact and undamaged. If
any parts are missing or broken, please
call Harbor Freight Tools at the number
shown on the cover of this manual as soon
as possible.
PRODUCT FEATURES
BALANCE
WHEEL
(22)
HEADSTOCK
SPINDLE
(14)
BACK
LID
(20)
FIGURE A
TAILSTOCK
(5)
LOCK
LEVER
(6)
HEADSTOCK
SPUR
CENTER
(12)
1.
TOOL
REST
(35)
CUP
CENTER
(11)
BED
SLIDE
LID
(63)
BED
(1)
Note: For additional information regarding
the parts listed in the following pages,
refer to the Assembly Diagram near
the end of this manual.
TAILSTOCK
HANDWHEEL
(4)
SWITCH
(46)
The Lathe comes fully assembled
with the exception of the Tool Rest
(35). To install the Tool Rest, loosen
the Lock Lever (41). Insert the Tool
Rest into the Tool Rest Base (36).
Then retighten the Lock Lever to secure the Tool Rest in place.
(See Figure B.)
TOOL REST
BASE
(36)
TOOL REST
(35)
FIGURE B
LOCK LEVER
(41)
ASSEMBLY Instructions
Read the entire Important
Safety Information section
at the beginning of this manual
including all text under
subheadings therein before set
up or use of this product.
1.
SKU 65345
Work Area Set Up
Designate a work area that is clean
and well-lit. The work area must not
allow access by children or pets to
prevent injury and distraction.
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 9
2.
3.
4.
5.
The Lathe will need to be located
on a surface capable of bearing the
combined weight of the Lathe and
intended workpieces. The surface
must be able to withstand the vibration generated by the Lathe during
operation.
The Lathe must be completely level,
left-to-right and front-to-back, or the
Lathe will not rotate properly and may
become damaged.
The unpainted surfaces are coated
with a waxy oil to protect them from
corrosion during shipment. Remove
the coating with a solvent cleaner or
citrus-based degreaser. Avoid chlorine-based solvents since they will
damage the paint.
Route the power cord along a safe
route to reach the work area without
creating a tripping hazard or exposing
the power cord to possible damage.
Definition of Terms
Bed: Main supporting casting running the length of the lathe
Between Centers: A dimension
representing the maximum length
of a workpiece that can be turned
between centers. Also a method of
holding a workpiece by mounting it
between the centers of the Headstock and the Tailstock spindles.
Center: A precision ground tapered cylinder with a pointed tip and
a Morse Taper shaft. Used in the
tailstock to support the end of long
workpieces. May also be used in the
Headstock spindle to support work
between centers at both ends.
Centerline: An imaginary line extending from the center of the Spindle
through the center of the Tailstock
ram, representing the central axis
of the lathe around which the work
rotates.
Chuck: A clamping device for holding work in the lathe or for holding
drills in the Tailstock.
Tool Rest Base: Movable platform
where the Tool Rest is mounted; it
can be set at an angle to the workpiece (also known as compound slide
and compound rest).
Faceplate: A metal plate with a flat
face-mounted spindle to hold irregularly shaped work.
Facing: A lathe operation in which
wood is removed from the end of a
workpiece to create a smooth surface.
Headstock: The main casting
mounted on the left end of the Bed
where the Spindle is mounted. Houses the Spindle Gears.
Morse Taper (MT): A taper of specific dimensions used to mate matching male and female parts together
tightly. The Tailstock has a MT-2
Morse Taper.
Spindle: Main rotating shaft on
which the Chuck is mounted. It
passes through the Headstock.
Spindle Through-hole: A dimension indicating the minimum diameter
of the hole that passes through the
Spindle. A workpiece with a diameter
REV 09e
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 10
smaller than this can pass through
the Spindle to work on longer pieces.
Swing: A dimension representing
the largest diameter workpiece that a
lathe can rotate. The 10” x 18” Lathe
means the maximum size workpiece
that can rotate without hitting the Bed
is 10” in diameter.
Tailstock: Assembly that slides
along the ways and can be locked in
place. Used to hold long workpieces
in place or to mount a drill chuck.
Tailstock Handwheel: Moves the
Tailstock in and out.
BELT
TENSION
LEVER
(31)
2.
BELT
TENSION
SCREW
(33)
FIGURE C
Loosen the Motor Mount Screw (27).
(See Figure D.)
Tool Rest: A device mounted on the
compound that holds the cutting tool.
Turning: A lathe operation that removes wood from the outside diameter of the workpiece.
FIGURE D
Ways: Surface along the top of the
Bed on which the Tailstock rides. The
ways are aligned with the centerline
of the lathe.
MOTOR
MOUNT
SCREW
(27)
ADJUSTMENTS
To Adjust The Spindle Speed (RPM):
To prevent serious injury, make sure the
Lathe’s Power Switch (46) is in its “OFF”
position and the machine is unplugged
from its electrical
outlet.
1.
3.
Open the Back Lid (20) and Side Lid
(63).
(See Figures E and F, next page.)
Loosen the Belt Tension Screw (33).
Then move the Belt Tension Lever
(31) to release tension from the Drive
Belt (26). (See Figure C.)
REV 09e
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Page 11
FIGURE G
FIGURE E
BACK LID
(20)
3200
2200
1600
1100
750
5.
FIGURE F
SIDE LID
(63)
Move the Belt Tension Lever (31)
down, adjusting tension so that 1/2” of
Drive Belt (26) deflection is measured
as shown in the following illustration.
Then retighten the Belt Tension Screw
(33). (See Figure H.)
FIGURE H
1/2”
DEFLECTION
4.
Locate the desired speed on the
Speed Chart on the rear of the Lathe
Bed, and move the Drive Belt (26) to
the proper grooves on the Drive Pulley (25) and Motor Pulley (29).
(See Figure G.)
DRIVE
PULLEY
(25)
DRIVE
BELT
(26)
MOTOR
PULLEY
(29)
6.
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Retighten the Motor Mount Screw
(27). (See Figure D.)
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 12
7.
Replace the Back Lid (20) and Side
Lid (63). (See Figures E and F.)
To Adjust The Tool Rest:
1.
Loosen the Lock Handle (40) and slide
the Tool Rest Base (36) along the
Bed (1) to the desired position. Then
retighten the Lock Handle.
(See Figure K.)
2.
Loosen the Lock Lever (41) and adjust
the Tool Rest (35) vertically or swivel
it as needed. Then retighten the Lock
Lever. (See Figure K.)
FIGURE I
Recommended Turning Speeds
Work Diameter
In Inches
Speeds (RPM)
0~2”
2200~3200
2”~3”
1600~2200
3”~4”
1100~1600
4”~5”
750~1100
6”+
750
Note: The above speeds can vary with different
types of wood and the skill of the operator.
Sanding: Use the fastest speed possible without burning the wood.
Polishing and Finishing: Typically, polishing
and finishing can be done at faster speeds than
turning.
FIGURE K
TOOL
REST
(35)
TOOL
REST
BASE
(36)
LOCK
HANDLE
(40)
To Adjust The Tailstock:
1.
LOCK
LEVER
(41)
BED
Loosen the Release Lever (7) and
(1)
move the Tailstock (5) to the desired
position. Then retighten the Release
Lever. NOTE: If the Release Lever
will not release or lock the Tailstock
(either too tight or too loose), tighten
or loosen the Hex Nut (44) located on
the underside of the Tailstock in small
increments as needed to achieve the To Install And Remove The Spur Center:
proper clamping pressure.
(See Figure J and Assy. Diagram.) 1. To install, insert the tapered end of
the Headstock Spur Center (12) into
the Headstock Spindle (14). Make
sure the Headstock Spur Center is securely installed by giving it a quick pull.
A properly installed Headstock Spur
Center will not pull out by hand.
(See Figure L, next page.)
TAILSTOCK
(5)
RELEASE
LEVER
(7)
FIGURE J
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2.
To remove, hold the Balance Wheel
(22) securely while turning the Faceplate (13) counterclockwise until the
Headstock Spur Center (12) is forced
out of the Headstock Spindle (14).
(See Figure L, next page.)
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 13
3.
NOTE: If the Lathe is used with the
The Lock Lever
Faceplate (13) removed, a knockout
(6) must always be
tool (not included) is required for
locked down while the Lathe is in use. The
removing the Headstock Spur Center workpiece can be thrown from the Lathe
(12). (See Figure L.)
if this step is not followed. The Tail Axis
(8) should not protrude from the Tailstock
HEADSTOCK
(5) more than 2” or the Tail Axis will not be
SPINDLE
(14)
supported enough. Failure to follow these
BALANCE
HEADSTOCK
WHEEL
SPUR
CENTER
warnings may result in personal injury.
FIGURE L
(22)
(12)
(See Figure M.)
TAILSTOCK
HAND WHEEL
(4)
LOCK
LEVER
(6)
TAIL
AXIS
(8)
CUP
CENTER
(11)
FACEPLATE
(13)
TAILSTOCK
(5)
RELEASE
LEVER
(7)
To Install And Remove The Cup Center:
1.
To install, loosen the Lock Lever (6)
approximately half a turn counterclockwise.
(See Figure M.)
2.
Rotate the Tailstock Handwheel (4)
clockwise until the Tail Axis (8) protrudes out of the Tailstock (5) about
3/4”. (See Figure M.)
3.
Insert the Cup Center (11) and push
firmly. Then retighten the Lock Lever
(6). (See Figure M.)
4.
To remove, loosen the Lock Lever
(6) approximately half a turn counterclockwise. (See Figure M.)
5.
Rotate the Tailstock Handwheel (4)
counterclockwise until the Tail Axis
(8) bottoms out, causing the Cup
Center (11) to be forced out of the
Tail Axis. (See Figure M.)
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FIGURE M
To Install And Remove The Faceplate:
1.
To install, thread the Faceplate (13)
onto the Headstock Spindle (14) until
it is secure against the shoulder on the
Headstock Spindle.
(See Figure N, next page.)
2.
To remove, hold the Balance Wheel
(22) securely while turning the Faceplate (13) counterclockwise until it is
removed. If the Headstock Spur Center (12) is installed, it will be removed
during this process.
(See Figure N, next page.)
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 14
BALANCE
WHEEL
(22)
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
HEADSTOCK
SPINDLE
(14)
FIGURE N
HEADSTOCK
SPUR CENTER
(12)
1.
With the Power Switch (46) in its
“OFF” position and the Lathe unplugged from its electrical outlet,
make all necessary adjustments to
the machine as previously discussed.
2.
To set up a spindle turning operation, mark both ends of the workpiece by drawing diagonal lines from
corner to corner. The intersection
point of these two lines will indicate
the center of the workpiece.
(See Figure O.)
3.
Use a wood mallet and punch to tap
the point of the center of the workpiece so that it leaves a center mark.
(See Figure O.)
4.
Use a 1/8” drill bit to drill a 3/16” deep
hole at the center mark on the workpiece. (See Figure O.)
FACEPLATE
(13)
The Power Switch Safety Switch:
1.
2.
The Lathe features a yellow Safety
Switch on the Power Switch (46) to
prevent unauthorized use. To turn
the Lathe on, plug the Power Cord
(45) into the nearest 120 volt, grounded, electrical outlet.
Insert the Safety Switch into the
Power Switch (46). Move the Power
Switch to the “ON” position. To turn
the Lathe off, move the Power Switch
to the “OFF” position. To lock the
Power Switch in the “OFF” position,
remove the Safety Switch and store it
in a safe location. (See Figure O.)
FIGURE O
FIGURE O
PENCIL LINES
MARKED DIAGONALLY
ACROSS CORNERS
WORKPIECE
5.
Cut the corners off the workpiece if it
is over 2” x 2” to make turning safer
and easier. (See Figure P.)
FIGURE P
POWER SWITCH (46)
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 15
6.
Use a wood mallet to drive the Headstock Spur Center (12) into the center
of the workpiece at least 1/4” deep.
(See Figure Q.)
FIGURE Q
Do not press the
workpiece too firmly
with the Tailstock (5) or the bearings will
bind and overheat. Also, do not leave the
workpiece too loose or the workpiece will
spin off the Lathe. (See Figure R.)
BALANCE
WHEEL
(22)
HEADSTOCK
SPUR
CENTER
(12)
HEADSTOCK
SPUR
CENTER
(12)
FIGURE R
TOOL
REST
(35)
CUP
CENTER
(11)
TAILSTOCK
HANDWHEEL
(5)
WORKPIECE
1/4”
POWER
SWITCH
(46)
WORKPIECE
BELT
TENSION
LEVER
(31)
7.
With the workpiece still attached, insert the Headstock Spur Center (12)
into the Headstock Spindle (14).
(See Figure R.)
8.
With the Cup Center (11) installed in
the Tailstock (5), slide the Tailstock
toward the workpiece until the Cup
Center touches the workpiece center
point. The lock the Tailstock in position. (See Figure R.)
9.
Use the Tailstock Handwheel (4) to
push the Cup Center (11) into the
workpiece at least 1/4”.
(See Figure R.)
10. Position the Tool Rest (35) approximately 1/4” away from the workpiece
and approximately 1/8” above the
center line. (See Figure R.)
11. Make sure to test the set up by hand
turning the workpiece to ensure there
is enough clearance all the way
around before starting.
SKU 65345
12. To set up a faceplate turning operation, remove the Headstock Spur
Center (12) from the Faceplate (13).
(See Figure S.)
FIGURE S
HEADSTOCK
SPUR CENTER
(12)
FACEPLATE
(13)
13. Find the center of the workpiece in
the same way as when spindle turning.
14. Cut off the corners of the workpiece.
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Page 16
15. Center the Faceplate (13) on the
workpiece and attach it through the
Faceplate mounting holes with nontapered head wood screws.
(See Figure T.)
USE
ONLY
NON-TAPERED
WOOD SCREWS
DO NOT USE
TAPERED HEAD
SCREWS
FIGURE T
16. NOTE: Faceplate turning is typically
done with open-faced workpieces like
bowls. If screws cannot be placed in
the workpiece, then a backing block
can be glued to the workpiece and
attached to the Faceplate (13) with
screws. (See Figure U.)
17. To mount the workpiece to a backing
block, make the backing block from
a piece of scrap wood that is flat on
both sides. (See Figure U.)
18. Mark the center of the backing block.
(See Figure U.)
19. Drill a 14” diameter hole through the
center of the backing block.
(See Figure U.)
20. Glue the center of the backing block
to the center of the workpiece. Clamp
the backing block to the workpiece,
and wait for the glue to dry according
to the glue manufacturer’s recommendation. (See Figure U.)
FIGURE U
BACKING
BLOCK
21. Thread the Faceplate (13) onto the
Headstock Spindle (14) and tighten
securely. (See Figure V.)
FACEPLATE
(13)
FACEPLATE TURNING PROCEDURE
FIGURE V
22. After turning, the workpiece can be
sanded and finished before removing it from the Lathe. IMPORTANT:
Whenever sanding or finishing, remove the Tool Rest (35) to increase
safety and gain adequate working
room.
Maintenance And
Servicing
Procedures not specifically
explained in this manual
must be performed only by a
qualified technician.
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 17
To prevent
serious injury
from accidental
operation:
Turn the Power Switch (46) of
the Lathe to its “OFF”
position and unplug the
machine from its electrical
outlet before performing any
inspection, maintenance, or
cleaning procedures.
To prevent serious
injury from machine
failure:
Do not use damaged
equipment. If abnormal noise
or vibration occurs, have the
problem corrected before
further use.
1.
BEFORE EACH USE, inspect the
general condition of the Lathe.
Check for loose screws, misalignment
or binding of moving parts, cracked or
broken parts, damaged electrical wiring, and any other condition that may
affect its safe operation.
2.
After Use, clean external surfaces
of the tool with clean cloth.
3.
DAILY, lubricate all external moving
parts with ISO 68 or SAE 20W oil.
4.
Lubricate the Tailstock oiling point
every five uses, or once per week if
used frequently.
5.
WARNING! If the Power Cord
(45) of this Lathe is damaged, it
must be replaced only by a qualified service technician.
SKU 65345
PLEASE READ THE
FOLLOWING CAREFULLY
The manufacturer and/or
distributor has provided
the parts list and assembly
diagram in this manual as a
reference tool only. Neither the
manufacturer or distributor
makes any representation or
warranty of any kind to the
buyer that he or she is qualified
to make any repairs to the
product, or that he or she is
qualified to replace any parts
of the product. In fact, the
manufacturer and/or distributor
expressly states that all repairs
and parts replacements should
be undertaken by certified and
licensed technicians, and not by
the buyer. The buyer assumes all
risk and liability arising out of
his or her repairs to the original
product or replacement parts
thereto, or arising out of his or
her installation of replacement
parts thereto.
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 18
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Possible Cause
Possible Solution
Quality of cut is poor.
1. Cutting tool is above workpiece
center line.
2. Lathe speed too slow.
3. Cutting tool is dull.
4. Cutting too aggressively.
1. Lower cutting tool to center line
of workpiece.
2. Increase lathe speed.
3. Sharpen or replace cutting tool.
4. Use a lighter touch.
Excessive vibration when turning
thin workpieces.
1. Cutting tool is positioned below
workpiece center line.
2. Cutting too aggressively.
1. Raise cutting tool to center line
of workpiece.
2. Use a lighter touch.
Excessive vibration when turning
larger workpieces or bowls.
1. Headstock and/or tailstock
improperly located at ends of
workpiece.
2. Workpiece is unbalanced.
1. Check for proper workpiece
centers.
1. Speed control lever not in its
lowest speed setting.
1. Make sure speed control lever
is turned to its lowest speed
setting.
2. Make sure lathe is plugged into
a working, 120 volt, grounded,
electrical outlet.
3. Replace fuse or reset circuit
breaker.
Lathe will not turn on.
2. Electrical outlet not working or is
of wrong voltage.
3. Blown fuse or tripped circuit
breaker.
Lathe will not turn off.
1. Damaged or faulty power switch
and/or internal wiring.
2. Cut off stock until workpiece is
balanced.
1. Unplug the lathe from its
electrical outlet immediately.
Do not operate lathe until it is
repaired by a qualified service
technician.
Follow all safety precautions whenever diagnosing or servicing the Lathe.
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 19
PARTS LIST
Part #
Description
Qty. Part #
Description
Qty.
1
Bed
1
30
Flat Head Screw
2
2
Semi-Circle Head Screw
2
31
Belt Tension Lever
1
3
Retaining Plate
1
32
Motor
1
4
Tailstock Handwheel
1
33
Belt Tension Screw
1
5
Tailstock
1
34
Retaining Ring (#12)
2
6
Lock Lever
1
35
Tool Rest
1
7
Release Lever
1
36
Tool Rest Base
1
8
Tail Axis
1
37
Bolt
1
9
Taper Rod
1
38
Plate
1
10
Ball Bearing
1
39
Hex Nut
1
11
Cup Center
1
40
Lock Handle (Tool Rest Base)
1
12
Headstock Spur Center
1
41
Lock Lever
1
13
Faceplate
1
42
Bolt
1
14
Headstock Spindle
1
43
Lock Plate
1
15
Ball Bearing
2
44
Hex Nut
1
16
Retaining Ring
1
45
Power Cord
1
17
Retaining Ring
1
46
Power Switch
1
18
Ball Bearing (202)
1
48
Washer (#8)
4
19
Headstock
1
49
Spring Washer (#8)
4
20
Back Lid
1
50
Rubber Washer
4
21
Semi-Circle Head Screw
4
51
Large Washer (#8)
2
22
Balance Wheel
1
53
Retaining Ring (#10)
1
24
Hex Socket Set Screw
1
54
Semi-Circle Head Screw
2
25
Drive Pulley
1
55
Back Lid Knob (Screw)
1
26
Drive Belt
1
56
Back Lid Knob (Nut)
1
27
Motor Mount Screw
4
62
Tool Rest Bushing
1
28
Hex Socket Head Screw
4
63
Side Lid for Bed
1
29
Motor Pulley
1
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 20
ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 21
LIMITED 90 DAY WARRANTY
Harbor Freight Tools Co. makes every effort to assure that its products meet high
quality and durability standards, and warrants to the original purchaser that this product is free from defects in materials and workmanship for the period of 90 days from
the date of purchase. This warranty does not apply to damage due directly or indirectly,
to misuse, abuse, negligence or accidents, repairs or alterations outside our facilities,
criminal activity, improper installation, normal wear and tear, or to lack of maintenance.
We shall in no event be liable for death, injuries to persons or property, or for incidental,
contingent, special or consequential damages arising from the use of our product. Some
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so
the above limitation of exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty is expressly in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied, including the
warranties of merchantability and fitness.
To take advantage of this warranty, the product or part must be returned to us with
transportation charges prepaid. Proof of purchase date and an explanation of the complaint must accompany the merchandise. If our inspection verifies the defect, we will either repair or replace the product at our election or we may elect to refund the purchase
price if we cannot readily and quickly provide you with a replacement. We will return repaired products at our expense, but if we determine there is no defect, or that the defect
resulted from causes not within the scope of our warranty, then you must bear the cost
of returning the product.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights
which vary from state to state.
3491 Mission Oaks Blvd. • PO Box 6009 • Camarillo, CA 93011 • (800) 444-3353
Record Product’s Serial Number Here:
Note:If product has no serial number, record month and year of purchase instead.
Note:Some parts are listed and shown for illustration purposes only, and are not available individually as
replacement parts.
SKU 65345
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 22